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Sample records for cobaltateiii coordination compound

  1. Enantioselective effects in coordination compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurganov, Alexander A.; Ponomareva, T. M.; Davankov, Vadim A.

    1990-02-01

    The information that has appeared during the last 15 years relating to enantioselectivity in the formation and reactions of kinetically inert and kinetically labile complexes is classified in the present review. Attention is mainly given to chiral discrimination of ligands that are exchanged in the internal or external coordination spheres of the complexes. The occurrence of enantioselective effects has also been recorded in reactions of coordination compounds that occur without ligand exchange, in particular, in photochemical processes. The variety of forms in which enantioselectivity is displayed is shown and methods for studying it are described. The bibliography includes 223 references.

  2. Spin state switching in iron coordination compounds

    PubMed Central

    Gaspar, Ana B; Garcia, Yann

    2013-01-01

    Summary The article deals with coordination compounds of iron(II) that may exhibit thermally induced spin transition, known as spin crossover, depending on the nature of the coordinating ligand sphere. Spin transition in such compounds also occurs under pressure and irradiation with light. The spin states involved have different magnetic and optical properties suitable for their detection and characterization. Spin crossover compounds, though known for more than eight decades, have become most attractive in recent years and are extensively studied by chemists and physicists. The switching properties make such materials potential candidates for practical applications in thermal and pressure sensors as well as optical devices. The article begins with a brief description of the principle of molecular spin state switching using simple concepts of ligand field theory. Conditions to be fulfilled in order to observe spin crossover will be explained and general remarks regarding the chemical nature that is important for the occurrence of spin crossover will be made. A subsequent section describes the molecular consequences of spin crossover and the variety of physical techniques usually applied for their characterization. The effects of light irradiation (LIESST) and application of pressure are subjects of two separate sections. The major part of this account concentrates on selected spin crossover compounds of iron(II), with particular emphasis on the chemical and physical influences on the spin crossover behavior. The vast variety of compounds exhibiting this fascinating switching phenomenon encompasses mono-, oligo- and polynuclear iron(II) complexes and cages, polymeric 1D, 2D and 3D systems, nanomaterials, and polyfunctional materials that combine spin crossover with another physical or chemical property. PMID:23504535

  3. The Resolution of a Completely Inorganic Coordination Compound.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yasui, Takaji; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Discussed is a technique used by Alfred Werner to resolve inorganic coordination compounds. The materials, procedures and analysis necessary for undergraduates to repeat this procedure are described. (CW)

  4. Mössbauer study on iron-polygalacturonate coordination compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fodor, Judit; Kuzmann, Ernö; May, Zoltán; Vértes, Attila; Homonnay, Zoltán; Szentmihályi, Klára

    2008-07-01

    57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy was used to determine the oxidation state and microenvironments of iron in the Fe-polygalacturonate compound prepared by a novel method from pectin. ICP analysis was applied to study the iron content of the coordination compounds. It was found that there are two ferrous and one ferric microenvironments in the compound. In the iron- polygalacturonate compound the ferrous forms occur dominantly. A model for the bonding of Fe in the polygalacturonate chains is proposed.

  5. Compound Words: A Problem in Post-Coordinate Retrieval Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Kevin P.

    1971-01-01

    Compound words cause some difficulty in post-coordinate indexing systems: if too many are fractured, or the wrong categories are selected for fracturing noise will be produced at unacceptable levels on retrieval. (Author/MM)

  6. Synthesis, structural and fungicidal studies of hydrazone based coordination compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Amit Kumar; Chandra, Sulekh

    2013-02-01

    The coordination compounds of the Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) metal ions derived from imine based ligand, benzil bis(carbohydarzone) were structurally and pharmaceutically studied. The compounds have the general stoichiometry [M(L)]X2 and [Co(L)X2], where M = Ni(II) and Cu(II), and X=NO3- and Cl- ions. The analytical techniques like elemental analyses, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, UV/Visible, NMR, ESI mass and EPR were used to study the compounds. The key IR bands, i.e., amide I, amide II and amide III stretching vibrations accounts for the tetradentate metal binding nature of the ligand. The electronic and EPR spectral results suggest the square planar Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes (giso = 2.11-2.22) and tetragonal geometry Co(II) complexes (giso = 2.10-2.17). To explore the compounds in the biological field, they were examined against the opportunistic pathogens, i.e., Alternaria brassicae, Aspergillus niger and Fusarium oxysporum. The partial covalent character of metal-ligand bond is supported by the orbital reduction factor k (0.62-0.92) and nephalauxetic parameter β (0.55-0.57).

  7. Solid-State 17O NMR of Paramagnetic Coordination Compounds**

    PubMed Central

    Kong, Xianqi; Terskikh, Victor V.; Khade, Rahul L.; Yang, Liu; Rorick, Amber; Zhang, Yong; He, Peng; Huang, Yining; Wu, Gang

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate that high-quality solid-state 17O (I = 5/2) NMR spectra can be successfully obtained for paramagnetic coordination compounds in which oxygen atoms are directly bonded to the paramagnetic metal centers. For complexes containing V(III) (S = 1), Cu(II) (S = 1/2), and Mn(III) (S = 2) metal centers, the 17O isotropic paramagnetic shifts were found to span a range of more than 10000 ppm. In several cases, high-resolution 17O NMR spectra were recorded under very fast magic-angle spinning (MAS) conditions at 21.1 T. Quantum chemical computations using density functional theory (DFT) qualitatively reproduced the experimental 17O hyperfine shift tensors. PMID:25694203

  8. Two Silver Coordination Network Compounds with Colorful Photoluminescence.

    PubMed

    Yang, Dandan; Xu, Wenlong; Cao, Xiaowei; Zheng, Shaojun; He, Jiangang; Ju, Qiang; Fang, Zhenlan; Huang, Wei

    2016-08-15

    The excitation-wavelength-dependent photoluminescence (EWDP) property of flexible organic ligand 1,4-bis(2-methyl-imidazol-1-yl)butane (Bmib) was observed. Herein, Bmib was chosen as a bridge linker to react with AgX (X = Br and I) to synthesize novel coordination network compounds (CNCs) with interesting EWDP properties. As anticipated, under the same hydrothermal synthesis conditions, two new isomorphic CNCs, i.e. [Ag2(Bmib)Br2]∞ (IAM16-1) and [Ag2(Bmib)I2]∞ (IAM16-2), as the first examples of CNCs showing EWDP properties, have been obtained. The EWDP properties may be attributed to the stretch and rotation of the long -(CH2)4- chains of Bmib and the spatial orientation adjustment of the methyl group of each imidazole ring at different excitation wavelengths. It is a great challenge to point out the emission mechanisms of CNCs merely from the experimental results due to their multiple charge transfer routes. To address this issue, we adopt DFT calculations to pursue in-depth investigation of the emission mechanisms for IAM16-1 and IAM16-2, respectively. PMID:27463103

  9. High pressure phase transitions in tetrahedrally coordinated semiconducting compounds

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yu, S. C.; Spain, I. L.; Skelton, E. F.

    1978-01-01

    New experimental results are reported for structural transitions at high pressure in several III-V compounds and two II-VI compounds. These data, together with earlier results, are then compared with the predictions of model calculations of Van Vechten. Experimental transition pressures are often at variance with calculated values. However, his calculation assumes that the high pressure phase is metallic, with the beta-Sn structure. The present results show that several compounds assume an ionic NaCl structure at high pressure, while others have neither the beta-Sn nor NaCl structure.

  10. Cobalt(II) and Cobalt(III) Coordination Compounds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Nicholas C.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Presents a laboratory experiment which illustrates the formation of tris(phenanthroline)cobalt complexes in the 2+ and 3+ oxidation states, the effect of coordination on reactions of the ligand, and the use of a ligand displacement reaction in recovering the transformed ligand. Uses IR, UV-VIS, conductivity, and NMR. (MVL)

  11. New coordination compounds of Cr(III) used in leather tanning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crudu, Marian; Sibiescu, Doina; Rosca, Ioan; Sutiman, Daniel; Vizitiu, Mihaela; Apostolescu, Gabriela

    2009-01-01

    Some new coordination compounds of Cr(III) using as ligand N-hydroxy - succinimide, were obtained and studied. The combination ratio, central atom: ligand were 1:1; 1:2 and 1:3. The new complex compounds were studied using UV-Vis spectroscopy, conductance and pH measurements. The studies of obtaining and of stability of the new compounds were accomplished in aqueous solutions using methods characteristic for coordination compounds: conductance and pH measurements. The combination ratios and the stability constants were determined with methods characteristic for studies in solutions.

  12. Soft functional polynuclear coordination compounds containing pyrimidine bridges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Navarro, Jorge A. R.; Barea, Elisa; Galindo, Miguel A.; Salas, Juan M.; Romero, M. Angustias; Quirós, Miguel; Masciocchi, Norberto; Galli, Simona; Sironi, Angelo; Lippert, Bernhard

    2005-08-01

    In this account, we describe the use of simple pyrimidine derivatives in combination with metal ions to build highly structured molecular architectures containing functional nanoenvironments, cavities and surfaces that can interact with additional species. The supramolecular structure of these systems can be rationally controlled by metal fragment geometry, reaction conditions and presence of templating agents. Thus, the use of transition metals with low coordination numbers or blocked bonding positions in combination with pyrimidines (e.g. 2-hydroxypyrimidine, 4-hydroxypyrimidine, 2,4-dihydroxypyrimidine, 2-aminopyrimidine) leads to the formation of either discrete assemblies, 1D polymers or helixes. When metal ions with higher coordination possibilities are applied instead, 2D and 3D networks are generated. Some of the assemblies built in this way possess functional cavities, pores and surfaces that can interact with additional species by means of hydrophobic, electrostatic, H-bonding interactions and coordinative bonds to give rise to recognition processes. The latter range from molecular recognition in homogeneous phase as well as clathrate formation, to heterogeneous solid-gas and solid-liquid adsorption phenomena. It should be noted that these materials are not rigid but able to undergo guest-induced reorganisation processes even in the solid state. Finally, some of these materials also combine additional interesting magneto-optical properties. Thus, dual systems can be envisaged in which two or more of these properties are present in the same material.

  13. A method for topological analysis of high nuclearity coordination clusters and its application to Mn coordination compounds.

    PubMed

    Kostakis, George E; Blatov, Vladislav A; Proserpio, Davide M

    2012-04-21

    A novel method for the topological description of high nuclearity coordination clusters (CCs) was improved and applied to all compounds containing only manganese as a metal center, the data on which are collected in the CCDC (CCDC 5.33 Nov. 2011). Using the TOPOS program package that supports this method, we identified 539 CCs with five or more Mn centers adopting 159 topologically different graphs. In the present database all the Mn CCs are collected and illustrated in such a way that can be searched by cluster topological symbol and nuclearity, compound name and Refcode. The main principles for such an analysis are described herein as well as useful applications of this method. PMID:22374221

  14. [Fluorescence enhancement character of terbium perchlorate and thulium perchlorate with phenylcarboxymethyl sulfoxide coordination compounds].

    PubMed

    Li, Wen-xian; Wu, Guo-jiun; Liu, Zhong-shi; Han, Feng-mei

    2002-12-01

    (Tb1-x Tmx).L2.(ClO4).2H2O(x = 0.000 to 0.200, L = C6H5SOCH2COO-) have been synthesized. The coordination compounds have been studied by means of composition analysis, molar conductivity, IR, and the condition of coordination have been inferred. In the fluorescent spectra it was found that Tm3+ has a strongly sensitization effect to the fluorescence of Tb3+. The fluorescent emission intensity of Terbium perchlorate with phenylcarboxymethyl sulfoxide coordination compounds would be enhanced by Tm3+ in mixing. Tm3+ has a sensitization to the fluorescence of Tb3+ in the ratio of Tb3+:Tm3+ = 0.999:0.001-0.900:0.100. In the solubility experiment it was found that the complexes have high solubility in ethanol. PMID:12914160

  15. Synthesis and crystal structures of coordination compounds of pyridoxine with zinc and cadmium sulfates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furmanova, N. G.; Berdalieva, Zh. I.; Chernaya, T. S.; Resnyanskiĭ, V. F.; Shiitieva, N. K.; Sulaĭmankulov, K. S.

    2009-03-01

    The pyridoxine complexes with zinc and cadmium sulfates are synthesized. The IR absorption spectra and thermal behavior of the synthesized compounds are described. Crystals of the [ M(C8H11O3N)2(H2O)2]SO4 · 3H2O ( M = Zn, Cd) compounds are investigated using X-ray diffraction. In the structures of both compounds, the M atoms are coordinated by the oxygen atoms of the deprotonated OH group and the CH2OH group retaining its own hydrogen atom, as well as by two H2O molecules, and have an octahedral coordination. The nitrogen atom of the heterocycle is protonated, so that the heterocycle acquires a pyridinium character. The cationic complexes form layers separated by the anions and crystallization water molecules located in between. The structural units of the crystals are joined together by a complex system of hydrogen bonds.

  16. Coordination compounds of hafnium(IV) with some N-substituted derivatives of unsaturated hydroxamic acids

    SciTech Connect

    Stratulat, A.A.; Batyr, D.G.

    1987-05-01

    Coordination compounds of hafnium(IV) with N-o(or m)-X-phenylacryl- and methacrylhydroxamic acids with the general formula (Hf/XC/sub 6/H/sub 4/-N(O)-C(O)-R//sub 4/), where X = 4-CH/sub 3/, H, 4-Cl, 4-Br, 4-CH/sub 3/C(O), 4-CH=CH/sub 2/, 4-CH/sub 3/OC(O), 3-CH/sub 3/, 3-Cl, and 3-Br, and R = CH=CH/sub 2/ and C(CH/sub 3/)=CH/sub 2/, have been synthesized and characterized. The type of coordination of the organic ligands and the structure of the complexes have been established on the basis of the data from IR, electronic, and PMR spectra. It has been shown that the complexation process involves the replacement of the proton of the hydroxyl group of the hydroxamic grouping by a metal ion and the coordination of the oxygen atom of the carbonyl group. The coordination compounds obtained have been assigned a square-antiprismatic structure. The introduction of a methyl radical into the vinyl grouping R results in a significant increase in the strength of the complex.

  17. Phase transition metal-crown ether coordination compounds tuned by metal ions.

    PubMed

    Ye, Qiong; Wang, Hui-Ting; Zhou, Lin; Kong, Li-Hui; Ye, Heng-Yun; Fu, Da-Wei; Zhang, Yi

    2016-01-21

    Two isostructural metal crown ether coordination compounds, (15-crown-5)(BiCl3) 1 and (15-crown-5)(SbCl3) 2, are discovered to show phase transitions above room temperature, where the phase transition temperature relates to the metal center. Compound 1 crystallizes in the chiral orthorhombic space group P212121 in the low temperature phase and undergoes a reversible phase transition around 365 K to crystallize in the polar orthorhombic space group Pna21 in the high temperature phase, accompanied by thermal and dielectric anomalies. The variable-temperature structure analyses of compound 1 show that the phase transition is rooted in the conformational change of the crown ether and the displacement of the Bi cation and Cl anion. PMID:26648559

  18. Synthesis and crystal structure of the coordination compound of pyridoxine with manganese sulfate

    SciTech Connect

    Furmanova, N. G. Verin, I. A.; Shyityeva, N.; Sulaimankulov, K. S.; Berdalieva, Zh.; Resnyanskii, V. F.; Duishenbaeva, A. T.

    2011-11-15

    The reaction of pyridoxine with manganese sulfate in an aqueous solution gave the coordination compound MnSO{sub 4} {center_dot} 2C{sub 8}H{sub 11}O{sub 3}N {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O (I). The structure of I was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. In the centrosymmetric complex (sp. gr. P1-bar, Z = 1), the Mn atom is coordinated by two pyridoxine molecules and two water molecules, thus adopting an octahedral coordination. The sulfate anion is also at a center of symmetry and, consequently, is disordered. The pyridoxine molecules are coordinated to the metal atom through the oxygen atoms of the deprotonated hydroxyl group and the CH{sub 2}OH group that retains the hydrogen atom. The nitrogen atom is protonated in such a way that the heterocycle assumes a pyridinium character. The crystal structure also contains six water molecules of crystallization. A thermogravimetric study showed that the decomposition of I occurs in several successive steps, such as dehydration, the combustion of organic ligands, and the formation of an inorganic residue.

  19. Synthesis and crystal structure of the coordination compound of pyridoxine with manganese sulfate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furmanova, N. G.; Verin, I. A.; Shyityeva, N.; Sulaimankulov, K. S.; Berdalieva, Zh.; Resnyanskii, V. F.; Duishenbaeva, A. T.

    2011-11-01

    The reaction of pyridoxine with manganese sulfate in an aqueous solution gave the coordination compound MnSO4 · 2C8H11O3N · 2H2O ( I). The structure of I was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. In the centrosymmetric complex (sp. gr. Pbar 1, Z = 1), the Mn atom is coordinated by two pyridoxine molecules and two water molecules, thus adopting an octahedral coordination. The sulfate anion is also at a center of symmetry and, consequently, is disordered. The pyridoxine molecules are coordinated to the metal atom through the oxygen atoms of the deprotonated hydroxyl group and the CH2OH group that retains the hydrogen atom. The nitrogen atom is protonated in such a way that the heterocycle assumes a pyridinium character. The crystal structure also contains six water molecules of crystallization. A thermogravimetric study showed that the decomposition of I occurs in several successive steps, such as dehydration, the combustion of organic ligands, and the formation of an inorganic residue.

  20. Synthesis and crystal structures of coordination compounds of pyridoxine with zinc and cadmium sulfates

    SciTech Connect

    Furmanova, N. G.; Berdalieva, Zh. I.; Chernaya, T. S.; Resnyanskii, V. F.; Shiitieva, N. K.; Sulaimankulov, K. S.

    2009-03-15

    The pyridoxine complexes with zinc and cadmium sulfates are synthesized. The IR absorption spectra and thermal behavior of the synthesized compounds are described. Crystals of the [M(C{sub 8}H{sub 11}O{sub 3}N){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]SO{sub 4} . 3H{sub 2}O (M = Zn, Cd) compounds are investigated using X-ray diffraction. In the structures of both compounds, the M atoms are coordinated by the oxygen atoms of the deprotonated OH group and the CH{sub 2}OH group retaining its own hydrogen atom, as well as by two H{sub 2}O molecules, and have an octahedral coordination. The nitrogen atom of the heterocycle is protonated, so that the heterocycle acquires a pyridinium character. The cationic complexes form layers separated by the anions and crystallization water molecules located in between. The structural units of the crystals are joined together by a complex system of hydrogen bonds.

  1. Synthesis and Characterization of Solid-Coordination Compounds Cu(AP) 2Cl 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Xuebin; Zheng, Limin; Xin, Xinquan

    1995-07-01

    The solid state reaction of 2-aminopyrimidine (C4H5N3, abbreviated as AP) with CuCl2 · 2H2O in the molar ratio of 2:1 results in the formation of Cu(AP)2Cl2 at room temperature. The solid product, which was unstable in solvents or at higher temperatures, can only be synthesized by solid state reaction, so it was called a solid-coordination compound. It was characterized by means of XRD, DTA, UV, IR, and ESR.

  2. Normal coordinate analysis and fungicidal activity study on anilazine and its related compound using spectroscopic techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheeja Mol, Gilbert Pushpam; Arul Dhas, Deva Dhas; Hubert Joe, Isaac; Balachandran, Sreedharan

    2016-06-01

    The FTIR and FT-Raman spectra of anilazine have been recorded in the range 400-4000 cm-1 and 50-3500 cm-1 respectively. The optimized geometrical parameters of the compound were calculated using B3LYP method with 6-311G(d,p) basis set. The distribution of the vibrational bands were carried out with the help of normal coordinate analysis (NCA). The 1H and 13C nuclear spectra have been recorded and chemical shifts of the molecule were also calculated using the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) method. The UV-Visible spectrum of the compound was recorded in the region 190-900 nm and the electronic properties were determined by time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) approach. Anilazine was screened for its antifungal activity. Molecular docking studies are conducted to predict its fungicidal activity.

  3. London Dispersion Decisively Contributes to the Thermodynamic Stability of Bulky NHC-Coordinated Main Group Compounds.

    PubMed

    Wagner, J Philipp; Schreiner, Peter R

    2016-01-12

    We evaluated the dispersion stabilization of a series of seemingly reactive main group compounds coordinated to bulky N-heterocyclic carbene ligands. We computed the thermochemistry of hypothetical isodesmic exchange reactions of these ligands with their unsubstituted parent systems employing the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level of theory with and without dispersion corrections. The energy difference between these two approaches gave dispersion corrections of 30 kcal mol(-1) and more. We therefore conclude that London dispersion contributes critically to the thermodynamic stabilities of these compounds. As such, these core-shell structures undergo reactions of the reactive core as long as the dispersion stabilization is conserved. PMID:26606127

  4. Ultrasound-assisted fabrication of a new nano-rods 3D copper(II)-organic coordination supramolecular compound.

    PubMed

    Hanifehpour, Younes; Safarifard, Vahid; Morsali, Ali; Mirtamizdoust, Babak; Joo, Sang Woo

    2016-07-01

    High-energy ultrasound irradiation has been used for the synthesis of a new copper(II) coordination supramolecular compound, [Cu2(μ-O2CCH3)2(μ-OOCCH3)(phen)2](BF4) (1), ("phen" is 1,10-phenanthroline) with nano-rods morphology. The new nano-structure was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), FT-IR spectroscopy and elemental analyses. Compound 1 was structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The utilization of high intensity ultrasound has found as a facile, environmentally friendly, and versatile synthetic tool for the supramolecular coordination compounds. PMID:26964941

  5. Tuning of coordination behavior of thiosulfate ion by organic linkers in cadmium thiosulfate compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paul, Avijit Kumar

    2016-12-01

    Three new inorganic-organic hybrid molecular cadmium thiosulfate compounds, [Cd(S2O3) (C3H10N2)2], I, [Cd2(C10H8N2)4(S2O3)2](C10H8N2)·2H2O, II and [Cd2(C10H8N2)2(H2O)2(S2O3)2](C10H8N2)·2H2O, III have been synthesized using different organic linkers as co-ligand and characterized them thoroughly. The compounds have connectivity between the Cd-centers, the thiosulfate units and the organic ligands forming molecular (zero-dimensional) structures. The ligating behaviors of thiosulfate unit have been triggered by organic linkers. The coordination number of thiosulfate ion to the metal ion can also be enhanced by varying the aromatic ligands instead of aliphatic ligand. The molecular structures are stabilized and formed three-dimensional packing structures through extensive hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interactions. The free aromatic bipyridine ligands are observed in the crystal structures II and III. The unique type of π⋯π interactions play an important role for the stabilization of these two structures. Theoretical studies also revealed that the value of π⋯π interactions are comparable with the classical hydrogen bond interactions. The present study illustrates the usefulness of the organic linkers for the structural modifications in inorganic-organic hybrid compounds.

  6. Coordination compound films of 1-phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole on copper surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, X. R.; Xin, X. Q.; Zhu, J. J.; Xue, Z. L.

    1998-09-01

    The chemical nature of the coordination compound film formed by reacting PMTA (1-phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole) with a copper surface has been studied by accelerated corrosion tests, linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), cyclic voltammetry (CV), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). These studies show that, in retarding the corrosion of copper substrate, the film is superior to those formed by TTA (tetrazole), BTA (benzotriazole), HBTA (hydroxybenzotriazole), MBT (2-mercaptobenzothiazole), MBI (2-mercaptobenzo-imidazole), 2-AP (2-aminopyrimidine), IBM (imidazole) and chromates. The surface film has been characterized and found to be a polymeric complex of Cu-PMTA. The mechanism for film formation and relationships between this novel film structure and the observed inhibition behavior are discussed.

  7. Synthesis and magnetic properties of an iron 1,2-bisthienyl perfluorocyclopentene photochromic coordination compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, Yann; Ksenofontov, Vadim; Lapouyade, René; Naik, Anil D.; Robert, François; Gütlich, Philipp

    2011-04-01

    The coordination compound Fe(BM-4-PTP) 2(NCS) 2ṡ2MeOH ( 1) including the photoisomerizable ligand BM-4-PTP (1,2-bis(2'-methyl-5'-(pyrid-4″-yl)thien-3'-yl)perfluorocyclopentene) was obtained as an orange powder. The powder turns blue upon photocyclization of the 1,2-bisthienyl photochromic ligand induced by UV light irradiation at room temperature. Photocycloreversion is obtained by visible light irradiation of the material in the solid state. The orange and blue powders were investigated over the temperature range (5-293 K) and pressure range (1 bar-12 kbar) by magnetic susceptibility measurements and variable temperature 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The photo-induced colour change is accompanied by a distinct magnetic variation at room temperature. Potentialities of this functional optical material for display and data recording are introduced.

  8. On the use of first order rotor dynamics in multiblade coordinates. [for compound helicopter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hohenemser, K. H.; Yin, S. K.

    1974-01-01

    This paper is directed to the question of how to represent most efficiently rotor/body coupling in a linear flight dynamics analysis. Rigid body pitch, roll and vertical motions are considered for the rotor/body coupling studies. Flapping stability limits, eigenvalues, transient responses to control step inputs, to step gusts and to random gusts are determined for a hypothetical hingeless compound helicopter operating up to .8 advance ratio. Data are obtained for the basic helicopter and for the craft with two simple control feedback systems. While complete periodic system modeling is necessary for determining flapping stability limits and vibrations, constant system modeling using first order dynamics in each of the multiblade rotor coordinates was found to be adequate for rotor-craft stability and response computations.

  9. From discrete to infinite 3D coordination polymer: Sonochemical syntheses and structural characterization of a new nano flower lead (II) coordination compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chung, Jin-Hwan; Min, Bong-Ki; Kim, Young Kyung; Kim, Kyo-Han; Kwon, Tae-Yub

    2014-11-01

    Nano flower of a new discrete Pb (II) coordination compound, [Pb(pcih)2] (1), (pcih = 2-pyridinecarbaldehyde isonicotinoylhy-drazonate), have been synthesized by a sonochemical process and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), FT-IR spectroscopy and elemental analyses. Structural determination of compound 1 reveals the Pb (II) ion is six coordinated, bonded to four nitrogen and two oxygen atoms from two “pcih” ligands. Through strong π-π interactions, the overall structure of 1 is 1D supramolecular chain and with other directional intermolecular interactions, it is further extended into a three dimensional (3D) supramolecular structure. Density functional theory calculations (B3LYP functional) have been performed on complex 1 to provide a qualitative theoretical interpretation of their structural parameters, charge distributions and IR spectra. PbO nanoparticles are obtained by thermolysis of 1 at 180 °C with oleic acid as a surfactant.

  10. Thermolysis preparation of ZnS nanoparticles from a nano-structure bithiazole zinc(II) coordination compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hosseinian, Akram; Rahimipour, Hamid Reza; Haddadi, Hedayat; Ashkarran, Ali Akbar; Mahjoub, Ali Reza

    2014-09-01

    Nano-scale and single crystals of a new tris-chelate Zn(II) compound, {[Zn(DADMBTZ)3](SCN)2ṡ4H2O}n, (1), {DADMBTZ = 2,2‧-diamino-5,5‧-dimethyl-4,4‧-bithiazole} have been synthesized by the reaction of zinc(II) sulfate, ammonium thiocyanate and DADMBTZ using sonochemical and branched tube methods, respectively. The new nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and FT-IR spectroscopy. Compound (1) was structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound (1) form a tris-chelate complex with nearly C3 symmetry. The coordination number of zinc atom in the compound is six with coordinated environments of distorted octahedral, ZnN6. In reaction with DADMBTZ, the ligand DADMBTZ acts as bidentate in compound to form five-membered chelate rings with the same internal angles in coordination polyhedron. The crystal packing is mainly stabilized by N-H- - - -N hydrogen bonding interactions. The thermal stability of compound (1) was studied by thermal gravimetric (TG) and differential thermal analyses (DTA). ZnS nanostructures were obtained by direct thermolyses of compound (1) at 400 °C under argon atmosphere. The ZnS nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy.

  11. Reactivity of thiosemicarbazides with redox active metal ions: controlled formation of coordination complexes versus heterocyclic compounds.

    PubMed

    López-Torres, Elena; Dilworth, Jonathan R

    2009-01-01

    The reactions of 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenylthiosemicarbazide (LH) with Cu(II) and Sn(IV) have been investigated. If THF or methanol is used as solvent with Cu(II), oxidative cyclisation and coupling are observed, yielding a 1,2,4-thiadiazole or a 1,3,4-thiadiazolium salt. SnI(4) is also able to induce oxidative coupling of two thiosemicarbazide ligands, yielding 1,2,4-thiadiazolium or 1,2,4-triazolium salts, with I(3)(-) as the counterion, depending on the reaction conditions. By contrast, reaction of LH with SnI(4) in acetone yields a 1,3-thiazolium salt, with I(-) as counterion. Reaction with Cu(II) salts or SnI(4) in basic media leads to the formation of metal complexes containing two deprotonated thiosemicarbazide ligands. In the reaction of CuCl(2) in water in the presence of acid a complex containing two neutral ligands is obtained. Reactions with SnCl(4) are not able to induce ligand cyclisation, although a coordination compound with two neutral ligands was isolated from methanol. PMID:19180593

  12. Three interesting coordination compounds based on metalloligand and alkaline-earth ions: Syntheses, structures, thermal behaviors and magnetic property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Qiang; Qian, Jun; Zhang, Chi

    2016-09-01

    Based on metalloligand LCu ([Cu(2,4-pydca)2]2-, 2,4-pydca2- = pyridine-2,4-dicarboxylate) and alkaline-earth ions (Ca2+, Sr2+, and Ba2+), three interesting coordination compounds, [Ca(H2O)7][LCu·H2O]·H2O (1), {Sr[LCu·H2O]·4H2O}n (2), and {Ba[LCu·H2O]·8H2O}n (3), have been synthesized and well-characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. X-ray crystallographic studies reveal that 1 features a discrete 0D coordination compound, while 2 and 3 exhibit the 2D network and 1D chain structures, respectively. Compound 2 is constructed from {LCu}2 dimers connected with {Sr2} units, which is fabricated by two Sr2+ ions bridged via two μ2-O bridges, while compound 3 is formed by 1D {Ba}n chain linked with metalloligands LCu and exhibits an interesting sandwich like chain structure. It is noted that the coordination numbers of alkaline-earth ions are in positive correlation with their radiuses. Moreover, the magnetic property of compound 2 has been studied.

  13. High-temperature spin transition in coordination compounds of iron(II) with triazoles

    SciTech Connect

    Lavrenova, L.G.; Ikorskii, V.N.; Varnek, V.A.; Oglezneva, I.M.; Larionov, S.V.

    1986-12-01

    Methods for the synthesis of the complexes FeL/sub 3/(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/, where L = 1,2,4-triazole (TR) (I) and 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole (ATR) (II), Fe(ATR)/sub 2.5/Cl/sub 2/ x H/sub 2/O (III), and Fe(TR)/sub 2/Cl/sub 2/ (IV) have been developed. A high-temperature (340-350/sup 0/K) reversible transition of Fe/sup II/ from the low-spin (LS) state to the high-spin (HS) state has been discovered during the study of the magnetic properties of complexes I-III. The plots of the dependence of ..mu../sub eff/ on T display hysteresis. Thus, the complexes of Fe/sup II/ with triazoles comprise a new group of compounds having this special feature. Complex III has different values of ..mu../sub eff/ at 300/sup 0/K, depending on the synthesis conditions. The plots of the dependence of ..mu../sub eff/ on T for complexes I and II and for III are different. Complex IV is basically a high-spin complex with a weakly expressed dependence of ..mu../sub eff/ on T. The Moessbauer spectra for complexes I and II and for a sample of III with ..mu../sub eff/ = 0.86 Bohr magneton at 300/sup 0/K display singlet lines with a value of delta typical of Fe/sup II/ in the LS state. In the spectra of samples of III with ..mu../sub eff/(T) = 2.05 Bohr magnetons at 300/sup 0/K there are peaks for the HS form along with the line of the LS form, the complex having two modifications in the HS form with different values of epsilon. The data form diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and the values of delta and ..mu../sub eff/ point out the octahedral coordination of Fe/sup II/, the presence of an FeN/sub 6/ chromophore in complexes I and II, and the presence of an FeN/sub 4/Cl/sub 2/ chromophore in III and IV. From an analysis of the IR spectra in the region of the torsional vibrations of the ring it follows that the ligands L are coordinated by the ring N(1) and N(2) atoms, indicating that the ligands L have bridging function.

  14. Spectral studies of coordination compounds of cobalt(II) with thiosemicarbazone of heterocyclic ketone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Kumar, Umendra

    2005-12-01

    The paper presents the spectral analysis of cobalt(II) complexes with indoxyl thiosemicarbazone (ITSC) of general composition [CoL 2X 2] (where L = ITSC, X = Cl -, NO 3-, (1/2)SO 42-, NCS -). The geometry of the complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements and spectral (electronic, IR, EPR, 1H NMR, mass) studies. The various physico-chemical techniques suggested a coordination number of six (octahedral) for chloro, nitrato and thiocyanato complexes. Whereas sulfato complex was found to have five coordinate trigonal-bipyramidal geometry. All the complexes are of high spin type showing magnetic moment corresponding to three unpaired electrons.

  15. Crystal-to-crystal transformation from a chain compound to a layered coordination polymer.

    PubMed

    Shi, Jinbiao; Zhang, Yan; Zhang, Bin; Zhu, Daoben

    2016-01-01

    A crystal-to-crystal transformation was observed from a green chain compound CuBr2(1,4-dioxane)2(H2O)2 (1) to a brown layered compound (CuBr2)3(1,4-dioxane)2 (2). The hydrogen bond connecting chains in were replaced by a μ-Br bridge in and the antiferromagnetic interaction between the metal atoms in became stronger than in 1. PMID:26600206

  16. An Investigation of Lanthanum Coordination Compounds by Using Solid- State 139La NMR Spectroscopy and Relativistic Density Functional Theory

    SciTech Connect

    Willans, Mathew J.; Feindel, Kirk W.; Ooms, Kristopher J.; Wasylishen, Roderick E.

    2005-12-16

    Lanthanum-139 NMR spectra of stationary samples of several solid LaIII coordination compounds have been obtained at applied magnetic fields of 11.75 and 17.60 T. The breadth and shape of the 139La NMR spectra of the central transition are dominated by the interaction between the 139La nuclear quadrupole moment and the electric field gradient (EFG) at that nucleus; however, the influence of chemical-shift anisotropy on the NMR spectra is non-negligible for the majority of the compounds investigated. Analysis of the experimental NMR spectra reveals that the 139La quadrupolar coupling constants (CQ) range from 10.0 to 35.6 MHz, the spans of the chemical-shift tensor (W) range from 50 to 260 ppm, and the isotropic chemical shifts (diso) range from -80 to 178 ppm. In general, there is a correlation between the magnitudes of CQ and W, and diso is shown to depend on the La coordination number. Magnetic shielding tensors, calculated by using relativistic zeroth-order regular approximation density functional theory (ZORA-DFT) and incorporating scalar only or scalar plus spin-orbit relativistic effects, qualitatively reproduce the experimental chemical-shift tensors. In general, the inclusion of spin-orbit coupling yields results that are in better agreement with those from the experiment. The magnetic-shielding calculations and experimentally determined Euler angles can be used to predict the orientation of the chemical-shift and EFG tensors in the molecular frame. This study demonstrates that solid state 139La NMR spectroscopy is a useful characterization method and can provide insight into the molecular structure of lanthanum coordination compounds.

  17. Cytotoxic Hydrophilic Iminophosphorane Coordination Compounds of d8 Metals. Studies of their Interactions with DNA and HSA

    PubMed Central

    Carreira, Monica; Calvo-Sanjuán, Rubén; Sanaú, Mercedes; Zhao, Xiangbo; Magliozzo, Richard S.; Marzo, Isabel; Contel, María

    2012-01-01

    The synthesis and characterization of a new water-soluble N,N-chelating iminophosphorane ligand TPA=N-C(O)-2-NC5H4 (N,N-IM) (1) and its d8 (AuIII, PdII and PtII) coordination complexes are reported. The structures of cationic [AuCl2(N,N-IM)] ClO4 (2) and neutral [MCl2(N,N-IM)] M = Pd (3), Pt(4) complexes were determined by X-ray diffraction studies or by means of density-functional calculations. While the Pd and Pt compounds are stable in mixtures of DMSO/H2O over 4 days, the gold derivative (2) decomposes quickly to TPA=O and previously reported neutral gold(III) compound [AuCl2(N,N-H)] 5 (containing the chelating N,N- fragment HN-C(O)-2-NC5H4). The cytotoxicities of complexes 2–5 were evaluated in vitro against human Jurkat-T acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells and DU-145 human prostate cancer cells. Pt (4) and Au compounds (2 and 5) are more cytotoxic than cisplatin to these cell lines and to cisplatin-resistant Jurkat sh-Bak cell lines and their cell death mechanism is different from that of cisplatin. All the compounds show higher toxicity against leukemia cells when compared to normal human T-lymphocytes (PBMC). The interaction of the Pd and Pt compounds with calf thymus and plasmid (pBR322) DNA is different from that of cisplatin. All compounds bind to human serum albumin (HSA) faster than cisplatin (measured by fluorescence spectroscopy). Weak and stronger binding interactions were found for the Pd (3) and Pt (4) derivatives by isothermal titration calorimetry. Importantly, for the Pt (4) compounds the binding to HSA was reversed by addition of a chelating agent (citric acid) and by a decrease in pH. PMID:23063789

  18. Coordination compounds of tetravalent silicon, germanium and tin: the structure, chemical bonding and intermolecular interactions in them

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korlyukov, A. A.

    2015-04-01

    The review is devoted to analysis and generalization of the results of (i) quantum chemical studies on the structure, chemical bonding and intermolecular interactions in coordination compounds of tetravalent silicon, germanium and tin in crystals, in solutions and in the gas phase and (ii) experimental investigations of the electron density distribution in these systems. The bibliography includes 147 references. In memoriam of Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences M Yu Antipin (1951 - 2013), Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences M G Voronkov (1921 - 2014) and Dr. S P Knyazev, Lomonosov Moscow University of Fine Chemical Technology (1949 - 2012).

  19. Cyclic four-coordinate boron compounds from 5-amino-1,2,4-triazole and aromatic nitriles

    SciTech Connect

    Dorokhov, V.A.; Amamchyan, A.R.; Bochkareva, M.N.; Teslya, I.A.; Starikova, Z.A.

    1987-07-20

    A new series of cyclic compounds of four coordinate boron- the dialkylboryl-((1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)amidinates) (IX)- has been synthesized from 5-amino-1,2,4-triazole, aromatic nitriles, and trialkylboranes. In the crystalline, dimeric dialkylboryl derivatives of 5-amino-1,2,4-triazole the Alk/sub 2/B groups are bonded to the ring N atoms. The crystalline and molecular structure of dipropylboryl((1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)benzamidinate) (IXa) have been determined by X-ray crystallography.

  20. A comparison between ``second-sphere effects'' in the excited state properties of coordination compounds and nonmolecular solids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blasse, G.; Sabbatini, N.

    1987-09-01

    In this paper we compare second-sphere effects as known from the field of photochemistry and photophysics of coordination compounds with similar phenomena in nonmolecular solids. Literature data, as well as new results, especially on cryptates, are used. The similarity between these phenomena in both classes of compounds is much larger than thought at first glance and has been overlooked for the most part. The following effects are considered: the influence of complex encapsulation on the yield of photochemical processes and the thermal quenching temperature of luminescence; the interaction in ion pairs resulting in new energy levels and luminescence quenching; and the influence of electric charges on the position of absorption bands. Since quantitative calculations of these effects are not easy to perform, it is beneficial to discuss information available from different fields of research.

  1. Conformational variety of flexible mono-dentate ligands in coordination compounds: influence of π-involving interactions.

    PubMed

    Khavasi, Hamid Reza; Kavand, Sima

    2016-06-28

    The effect of intermolecular interactions on the conformational variety of flexible mono-dentate ligands in coordination compounds has been investigated through the preparation of two series of mercury(ii) complexes. In this regard, the molecular and structural architecture of eight complexes, [HgCl2(L(amide-Cl))2] (), [HgCl2(L(amide-Br))2] (), [HgBr2(L(amide-Br))2] (), and [HgI2(L(amide-Br))2] (), as the first series and [HgBr2(L(imine-Cl))2] (), [HgBr2(L(imine-Br))2] (), [HgI2(L(imine-Cl))]n (), and [HgI2(L(imine-Br))]n (), as the second series, using two kind of flexible ligands, N-(1-halonaphthalen-4-yl)nicotinamide, L(amide-X), and 4-halo-N-((pyridin-3-yl)methylene)naphthalen-1-amine, L(imine-X), has been studied. Inspection of the packing of these compounds clearly shows the presence of conformational changes in the arrangement of the ligands in each series. Although there are slight differences between the crystal packing of these compounds, it seems that π-involving intermolecular interactions including πnaphπnaph in the first series and πimineπpy/naph in the second series with the cooperation of Hgπpy can lock the ligand conformational variety to a single conformer. PMID:27293034

  2. Intense turquoise colors of apatite-type compounds with Mn5+ in tetrahedral coordination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Medina, Elena A.; Li, Jun; Stalick, Judith K.; Subramanian, M. A.

    2016-02-01

    The solid solutions of chlorapatite compounds Ba5Mn3-xVxO12Cl (x = 0-3.0) and Ba5Mn3-xPxO12Cl (x = 0-3.0) have been synthesized through solid state reactions and Pechini or sol-gel method using citric acid. The colors of the samples change from white (x = 3.0) through turquoise (x = 1.5) to dark green (x = 0) with increasing amount of manganese. Optical measurements reveal that the origin of the color is presumably a combination of d-d transitions of Mn5+ and cation-anion charge transfer from transition metals to oxygens. Near IR reflectance measurements indicate that synthesized compounds are promising materials for "cool pigments" applications. Magnetic measurements verify that manganese has two unpaired electrons and exhibits 5 + oxidation state. The IR spectra change systematically with sample compositions and the fingerprint region (700 cm-1 to 1100 cm-1) indicates characteristic bands belonging to (MnO4)3-, (VO4)3- and (PO4)3- functional groups. Structure refinements using neutron data confirm that Mn5+, V5+ and P5+ cations occupy the tetrahedral sites in the apatite structure.

  3. Dithiocarbamate-based coordination compounds as potent proteasome inhibitors in human cancer cells.

    PubMed

    Buac, Daniela; Schmitt, Sara; Ventro, George; Kona, Fathima Rani; Dou, Q Ping

    2012-10-01

    Dithiocarbamates are a class of metal-chelating compounds with various applications in medicine. They have been used for the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections, possible treatment of AIDS, and most recently cancer. Their anti-tumor effects can in part be attributed to their ability to complex tumor cellular copper, leading to binding to and inhibition of the proteasome and in turn initiating tumor cell-specific apoptosis. Current chemotherapeutic agents are highly toxic and therefore their efficacy in the eradication of tumors is greatly limited. As a result many scientists have joined the quest for novel targeted therapies in hopes of reducing toxicity while maximizing potency and proteasome inhibition has become an attractive therapy in this regard. Here we discuss the origins, mechanism, and evolution of dithiocarbamates as potent proteasome inhibitors and therefore anti-cancer agents. PMID:22931591

  4. Dithiocarbamate-Based Coordination Compounds as Potent Proteasome Inhibitors in Human Cancer Cells

    PubMed Central

    Buac, Daniela; Schmitt, Sara; Ventro, George; Kona, Fathima Rani; Dou, Q. Ping

    2013-01-01

    Dithiocarbamates are a class of metal-chelating compounds with various applications in medicine. They have been used for the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections, possible treatment of AIDS, and most recently cancer. Their anti-tumor effects can in part be attributed to their ability to complex tumor cellular copper, leading to binding to and inhibition of the proteasome and in turn initiating tumor cell-specific apoptosis. Current chemotherapeutic agents are highly toxic and therefore their efficacy in the eradication of tumors is greatly limited. As a result many scientists have joined the quest for novel targeted therapies in hopes of reducing toxicity while maximizing potency and proteasome inhibition has become an attractive therapy in this regard. Here we discuss the origins, mechanism, and evolution of dithiocarbamates as potent proteasome inhibitors and therefore anti-cancer agents. PMID:22931591

  5. High pressure induced coordination evolution in chain compound Li[subscript 2]CuO[subscript 2

    SciTech Connect

    You, Shujie; Li, Zhi; Yang, Liuxiang; Dong, Cheng; Chen, Liangcheng; Jin, Changqing; Hu, Jingzhu; Shen, Guoyin; Mao, Hokwang

    2009-12-01

    Using diamond anvil cell technique with angle dispersive X-ray diffraction (ADXD) of synchrotron radiation and electrical conductivity measurements, we have observed that CuO{sub 2} chain compound Li{sub 2}CuO{sub 2} transforms from ambient orthorhombic symmetry into a new phase at above 5.4 GPa and room temperature. The new phase was found to be of monoclinic structure with an increased oxygen coordination number of Cu{sup 2+} from four at ambient to six at high pressure that provides a structural basis of the evolution of principle physical properties. The high pressure phase of Li{sub 2}CuO{sub 2} is discussed in line with the first principle calculations.

  6. Syntheses, Spectral Characterization, and Antimicrobial Studies on the Coordination Compounds of Metal Ions with Schiff Base Containing Both Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrazide Moieties

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Dinesh; Chadda, Silky; Sharma, Jyoti; Surain, Parveen

    2013-01-01

    An EtOH solution of 3-ketobutanehydrazide and salicylhydrazide on refluxing in equimolar ratio forms the corresponding Schiff base, LH3 (1). The latter reacts with Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Zr(OH)2(IV), MoO2(VI), and UO2(VI) ions in equimolar ratio and forms the corresponding coordination compounds, [M(LH)(MeOH)3] (2, M = Mn, Co, Ni), [Cu(LH)]2 (3), [M′(LH)(MeOH)] (4, M′ = Zn, Cd), [Zr(OH)2(LH)(MeOH)2] (5), [MoO2(LH)(MeOH)] (6), and [UO2(LH)(MeOH)] (7). The coordination compounds have been characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, molar conductance, spectral (IR, reflectance, 1H NMR, ESR) studies, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. They are nonelectrolytes in DMSO. The coordination compounds, except 3, are monomers in diphenyl. They are active against gram-positive bacteria (S. aureus, B. subtilis), gram-negative bacteria (E. coli, P. aeruginosa), and yeast (S. cerevisiae, C. albicans). 1 acts as a dibasic tridentate ONO donor ligand in 2–7 coordinating through its both enolic O and azomethine N atoms. The coordination compounds 2 and 3 are paramagnetic, while rest of the compounds are diamagnetic. A square-planar structure to 3, a tetrahedral structure to 4, an octahedral structure to 2, 6, and 7, and a pentagonal bipyramidal structure to 5 are proposed. PMID:24198736

  7. High pressure induced coordination evolution in chain compound Li{sub 2}CuO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect

    You Shujie; Li Zhi; Yang Liuxiang; Dong Cheng; Chen Liangcheng; Jin Changqing; Hu Jingzhu; Shen, Guoyin; Mao Hokwang

    2009-11-15

    Using diamond anvil cell technique with angle dispersive X-ray diffraction (ADXD) of synchrotron radiation and electrical conductivity measurements, we have observed that CuO{sub 2} chain compound Li{sub 2}CuO{sub 2} transforms from ambient orthorhombic symmetry into a new phase at above 5.4 GPa and room temperature. The new phase was found to be of monoclinic structure with an increased oxygen coordination number of Cu{sup 2+} from four at ambient to six at high pressure that provides a structural basis of the evolution of principle physical properties. The high pressure phase of Li{sub 2}CuO{sub 2} is discussed in line with the first principle calculations. - Graphical abstract: Li{sub 2}CuO{sub 2} undergoes a first-order transition from the ambient orthorhombic to a monoclinic phase at above 5.4 GPa with coordination change from four-square to six-octahedron.

  8. Synthesis and Moessbauer-spectroscopic investigation of coordination compounds of tin(IV) with ligands based on thiosemicarbazide

    SciTech Connect

    Gerbeleu, N.V.; Rochev, V.Ya.; Turte, K.I.; Bologa, O.A.; Bobkova, S.A.; Lozan, V.I.; Lavrinyuk, I.P.

    1987-03-01

    Coordination compounds of Sn(IV) of the type SnX/sub 4/L/sub 2/, where X = Cl and Br, and L stands for pyruvic acid thiosemicarbazone (pyth), carboxybenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (beth), and thiosemicarbazidediacetic acid (thda), respectively, have been investigated by Moessbauer spectroscopy. The gamma-resonance spectra have the form of unbroadened singlet lines with values of the isomer shifts at 92/sup 0/K equal to 0.56 for SnCl/sub 4/ (pyth)/sub 2/, 0.52 for SnCl/sub 4/ (beth)/sub 2/, 0.65 for SnCl/sub 4/ (thda)/sub 2/, 0.78 for SnBr/sub 4/ (pyth)/sub 2/, and 0.91 mm/sec for SnBr/sub 4/ (thda)/sub 2/. An analysis of the IR spectra and Moessbauer spectra led to the conclusion that in all the compounds synthesized L acts as a neutral monodentate ligand, in which the sulfur atom is the donor site.

  9. Controllable formation of heterotrimetallic coordination compounds: systematically incorporating lanthanide and alkali metal ions into the manganese 12-metallacrown-4 framework.

    PubMed

    Azar, Michael R; Boron, Thaddeus T; Lutter, Jacob C; Daly, Connor I; Zegalia, Kelcie A; Nimthong, Ruthairat; Ferrence, Gregory M; Zeller, Matthias; Kampf, Jeff W; Pecoraro, Vincent L; Zaleski, Curtis M

    2014-02-01

    The inclusion of Ln(III) ions into the 12-MC-4 framework generates the first heterotrimetallic complexes of this molecular class. The controllable and deliberate preparations of these compounds are demonstrated through 12 crystal structures of the Ln(III)M(I)(OAc)4[12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4](H2O)4·6DMF complex, where OAc(-) is acetate, shi(3-) is salicylhydroximate, and DMF is N,N-dimethylformamide. Compounds 1-12 have M(I) as Na(I), and Ln(III) can be Pr(III) (1), Nd(III) (2), Sm(III) (3), Eu(III) (4), Gd(III) (5), Tb(III) (6), Dy(III) (7), Ho(III) (8), Er(III) (9), Tm(III) (10), Yb(III) (11), and Y(III) (12). An example with M(I) = K(I) and Ln(III) = Dy(III) is also reported (Dy(III)K(OAc)4[12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4](DMF)4·DMF (14)). When La(III), Ce(III), or Lu(III) is used as the Ln(III) ions to prepare the Ln(III)Na(I)(OAc)4[12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4] complex, the compound Na2(OAc)2[12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4](DMF)6·2DMF·1.60H2O (13) results. For compounds 1-12, the identity of the Ln(III) ion affects the 12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4 framework as the largest Ln(III), Pr(III), causes an expansion of the 12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4 framework as demonstrated by the largest metallacrown cavity radius (0.58 Å for 1 to 0.54 Å for 11), and the Pr(III) causes the 12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4 framework to be the most domed structure as evident in the largest average angle about the axial coordination of the ring Mn(III) ions (103.95° for 1 to 101.69° for 11). For 14, the substitution of K(I) for Na(I) does not significantly affect the 12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4 framework as many of the structural parameters such as the metallacrown cavity radius (0.56 Å) fall within the range of compounds 1-12. However, the use of the larger K(I) ion does cause the 12-MCMn(III)(N)shi-4 framework to become more planar as evident in a smaller average angle about the axial coordination of the ring Mn(III) ions (101.35°) compared to the analogous Dy(III)/Na(I) (7) complex (102.40°). In addition to broadening the range of

  10. Analysis of unsaturated compounds by Ag+ coordination ionspray mass spectrometry: studies of the formation of the Ag+/lipid complex.

    PubMed

    Seal, Jennifer R; Havrilla, Christine M; Porter, Ned A; Hachey, David L

    2003-08-01

    Coordination ionspray mass spectrometry (CIS-MS) is a useful tool in the detection and identification of cholesterol ester and phospholipid hydroperoxides and diacyl peroxides. Extensive studies of a series of cholesterol esters using CIS-MS revealed the following: (1) Cholesterol esters with equal number of double bonds as the internal standard showed a linear relative response in the mass spectrometer while compounds with non-equal numbers of double bonds gave a nonlinear relative response. (2) Complex adducts containing cholesterol ester, silver ion, AgF, AgBF(4), and 2-propanoxide form when silver is in molar excess of cholesterol esters, reducing the [M + Ag](+) signal. (3) In a mixture of cholesterol esters where silver is limiting, Ch22:6 and Ch20:4 bind to silver at the expense of Ch18:2 and have a higher signal in the mass spectrometer. (4) In a mixture of cholesterol esters where silver concentration is twofold greater than total cholesterol ester concentration, Ch22:6 and Ch20:4 form large complex adducts more frequently than Ch18:2 and have a lower signal in the mass spectrometer. PMID:12892911

  11. New ruthenium(II) coordination compounds possessing bidentate aminomethylphosphane ligands: synthesis, characterization and preliminary biological study in vitro.

    PubMed

    Płotek, Michał; Starosta, Radosław; Komarnicka, Urszula K; Skórska-Stania, Agnieszka; Jeżowska-Bojczuk, Małgorzata; Stochel, Grażyna; Kyzioł, Agnieszka

    2015-08-21

    Addition of aminomethylphosphane P{CH2N(CH2CH2)2O}3 (), PPh2{CH2N(CH2CH2)2O} () or PPh2{CH2N(CH2CH2)2NCH2CH3} () to a methanolic solution of RuCl3 results in reduction of ruthenium(iii) ions giving finally ttt-[RuCl2()2] (), ttt-[RuCl2()2] () and ttt-[RuCl2()2] (). The synthesized complexes are the first examples of ruthenium(ii) coordination compounds possessing aminomethylphosphanes chelating via phosphorus and nitrogen atoms. They were fully characterized (NMR, ESI-MS, IR, elemental analysis, X-ray crystallography). Preliminary studies of the in vitro cytotoxicity on the A549 cell line (human lung adenocarcinoma) and interactions with human serum proteins (albumin and apotransferrin) showed moderate activity of the complexes. Interestingly, the P,N-chelation leads to formation of strained 4-membered Ru-P-C-N-Ru rings, which in the case of and undergo opening in the presence of CH3CN, which results in rearrangement to ctc-[RuCl2()2(CH3CN)2] () and ctc-[RuCl2()2(CH3CN)2] (). PMID:26155929

  12. A nine-coordinated dysprosium(III) compound with an oxalate-bridged dysprosium(III) layer exhibiting two slow magnetic relaxation processes.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Sheng; Ke, Hongshan; Liu, Xiangyu; Wei, Qing; Xie, Gang; Chen, Sanping

    2015-10-21

    A 2D oxalate-bridged dysprosium(III) compound, formulated as [Dy(C2O4)1.5(H2O)3]n·2nH2O (1), has been hydrothermally isolated. As for compound 1, structural analysis reveals that the nine-coordinated Dy(III) ions reside in a slightly distorted tricapped trigonal prism. Under an applied magnetic field of 700 Oe, the compound was magnetically characterized as a new example that two slow relaxations of the magnetization processes can be observed in a 2D oxalate-bridged dysprosium(III) layer. PMID:26327427

  13. Experimental and theoretical studies on Sudan Red G [1-(2-methoxyphenylazo)-2-naphthol] and its Cu(II) coordination compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esme, Aslı; Sagdinc, Seda G.; Yildiz, S. Zeki

    2014-10-01

    The molecular structure, natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis and vibrational studies of Sudan Red G {(SRG), [1-(2-methoxyphenylazo)-2-naphthol]} have been investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. To investigate the tautomeric stability, optimisation calculations at the Hartree-Fock (HF) and DFT/B3LYP levels were performed for the azo (OH) and hydrazo (NH) forms of the title compound. FT-IR, FT-Raman and electronic absorption spectra of SRG have recorded and analysed. We have compared the calculated IR and Raman wavenumbers with the observed data. A novel copper(II) coordination compound with Sudan Red G was synthesised and characterised by analytical, spectroscopic (FT-IR and electronic absorption spectra) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. The X-ray structure of the prepared coordination compound indicated that it crystallised in a dimeric form as [Cu2(SRG)4·2O0.5] that consists of facial geometric isomer. In the coordination compound, the Cu(II) atoms have a distorted octahedral geometry.

  14. The synthesis of the heterocubane cluster [{CpMn}4(μ3-P)4] as a tetrahedral shaped starting material for the formation of polymeric coordination compounds.

    PubMed

    Heinl, Sebastian; Kiefer, Konrad; Balázs, Gábor; Wickleder, Claudia; Scheer, Manfred

    2015-09-11

    Thermolysis of [CpMn(η(6)-cht)] with P4 in 1,3-diisopropylbenzene leads to the formation of the heterocubane [Cp4Mn4P4] () in high yields, as a rare example of 'naked' phosphorus containing complexes of manganese. Compound is characterized and studied by DFT calculations and reflection measurements. 1D coordination polymers [{(CpMn)4(μ3-P)4}(CuX)]n (2-Cl: X = Cl; 2-Br: X = Br) are obtained in the reaction with CuX. Furthermore, it is shown that all four P atoms in can be addressed for a coordination towards cymantrene resulting in [{(CpMn)4(μ3-P)4}{CpMn(CO)2}n] (: n = 1; : n = 2; : n = 3; : n = 4), and shows that is a tetra-topic building block in coordination chemistry. PMID:26225545

  15. Nonoxido V(IV) Complexes: Prediction of the EPR Spectrum and Electronic Structure of Simple Coordination Compounds and Amavadin.

    PubMed

    Sanna, Daniele; Sciortino, Giuseppe; Ugone, Valeria; Micera, Giovanni; Garribba, Eugenio

    2016-08-01

    Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the (51)V hyperfine coupling (HFC) tensor A have been completed for 20 "bare" V(IV) complexes with different donor sets, electric charges, and coordination geometries. Calculations were performed with ORCA and Gaussian software, using functionals BP86, TPSS0, B1LYP, PBE0, B3LYP, B3P, B3PW, O3LYP, BHandHLYP, BHandH, and B2PLYP. Among the basis sets, 6-311g(d,p), 6-311++g(d,p), VTZ, cc-pVTZ, def2-TZVPP, and the "core properties" CP(PPP) were tested. The experimental Aiso and Ai (where i = x or z, depending on the geometry and electronic structure of V(IV) complex) were compared with the values calculated by DFT methods. The results indicated that, based on the mean absolute percentage deviation (MAPD), the best functional to predict Aiso or Ai is the double hybrid B2PLYP. With this functional and the basis set VTZ, it is possible to predict the Aiso and Az of the EPR spectrum of amavadin with deviations of -1.1% and -2.0% from the experimental values. The results allowed us to divide the spectra of nonoxido V(IV) compounds in three types-called "type 1", "type 2", and "type 3", characterized by different composition of the singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) and relationship between the values of Ax, Ay, and Az. For "type 1" spectra, Az ≫ Ax ≈ Ay and Az is in the range of (135-155) × 10(-4) cm(-1); for "type 2" spectra, Ax ≈ Ay ≫ Az and Ax ≈ Ay are in the range of (90-120) × 10(-4) cm(-1); and for the intermediate spectra of "type 3", Az > Ay > Ax or Ax > Ay > Az, with Az or Ax values in the range of (120-135) × 10(-4) cm(-1). The electronic structure of the V(IV) species was also discussed, and the results showed that the values of Ax or Az are correlated with the percent contribution of V-dxy orbital in the SOMO. Similarly to V(IV)O species, for amavadin the SOMO is based mainly on the V-dxy orbital, and this accounts for the large experimental value of Az (153 × 10(-4) cm(-1)). PMID:27399275

  16. Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Physicochemical Characterization and Biological Activity of Co(II) and Ni(II) Coordination Compounds with 4-Aminoantipyrine Thiosemicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    We describe the synthesis and characterization of cobalt(II) and nickel(II) coordination compounds of 4[N-(furan-2’-aldimine)amino]antipyrine thiosemicarbazone (FFAAPTS) and 4[N-(4'-nitrobenzalidene) amino]antipyrine thiosemicarbazone (4'-NO2BAAPTS). All the isolated compounds have the general composition MX2(L)(H2O) (M = Co2+ or Ni2+; X = Cl, Br, NO3, NCS or CH3COO; L = FFAAPTS or 4'-NO2BAAPTS) and M(ClO4)2(L)2 (M = Co2+ or Ni2+; L = FFAAPTS or 4'-NO2BAAPTS). Infrared spectral studies indicate that both the thiosemicarbazones coordinate in their neutral form and they act as {N,N,S} tridentate chelating ligands. Room temperature magnetic measurements and electronic spectral studies suggest the distorted octahedral geometries of the prepared complexes. Thermogravimetric studies are also reported and the possible structures of the complexes are proposed. Antibacterial and antifungal properties of these metal-coordination compounds have also been studied. PMID:18365104

  17. Structural, vibrational, and electronic properties of an uncoordinated pseudoephedrine derivative and its mononuclear and trinuclear copper(II)-coordinated compounds: A combined theoretical and experimental study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valencia, Israel; Ávila-Torres, Yenny; Barba-Behrens, Norah; Garzón, Ignacio L.

    2014-11-01

    Multicopper oxidases are fundamental in a variety of biological processes in bacteria, fungi and vertebrates. The catalytic center in these enzymes is formed basically by three copper ions, bridged by oxygen bonds. In order to get insights into the reactivity of these complex systems, biomimetic compounds are usually synthesized. Accordingly, in this work, we studied structural, vibrational, and electronic properties of an uncoordinated pseudoephedrine derivative, as well as its corresponding mononuclear and trinuclear copper(II)-coordinated complexes by means of density functional theory. The calculations are compared with experimental results using measurements of the infrared spectra. It is obtained that the molecular configuration of the pseudoephedrine amino-alcohol derivative is stabilized by hydrogen bonding Osbnd H⋯N and by Csbnd H⋯π interactions that are not present in the mononuclear and trinuclear compounds. The coordination compounds show octahedral and square pyramid geometries, respectively, which are slightly distorted by Jahn-Teller effects. The analysis of their theoretical and experimental IR spectra reveals signals related with hydrogen bonding as well as metal-ligand vibrational modes. Regarding the electronic structure, the density of states was calculated in order to analyze the atomic orbital contributions present in these compounds. This analysis would provide useful insights about the optical behavior, for example, in the visible region of the spectrum of the coordinated compounds. At these energies, the optical absorption would be influenced by the orbital interaction of the Cu2+d orbitals with sp ones of the ligand, reflecting a decrease of the HOMO-LUMO gap of the organic ligand due to the presence of the copper(II) ions.

  18. First coordination compounds based on a bis(imino nitroxide) biradical and 4f metal ions: synthesis, crystal structures and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Reis, Samira G; Briganti, Matteo; Martins, Daniel O T A; Akpinar, Handan; Calancea, Sergiu; Guedes, Guilherme P; Soriano, Stéphane; Andruh, Marius; Cassaro, Rafael A A; Lahti, Paul M; Totti, Federico; Vaz, Maria G F

    2016-02-21

    The synthesis, crystal structures and magnetic properties of two families of heterospin complexes containing lanthanide ions and a bis(imino nitroxide) biradical (IPhIN = 1-iodo-3,5-bis(4',4',5',5'-tetramethyl-4',5'-dihydro-1H-imidazole-1'-oxyl)benzene) are reported: in [Ln2(hfac)6(IPhIN)(H2O)2] compounds, two lanthanide ions [Ln = Gd(III) (1) and Dy(III) (2)] are coordinated to the biradical, and in [Ln(hfac)3(IPhIN)(H2O)] compounds, one lanthanide ion (Ln = Tb(III) (3), Gd(III) (4) or Dy(III) (5)) is coordinated to the biradical. Ferromagnetic intramolecular magnetic interactions between Gd(III) and the biradical were found for 1 and 4, while intramolecular magnetic interactions between the radicals were ferro- and antiferromagnetic, respectively. Compound 2 shows a field induced slow relaxation of magnetization, which (under an external applied field of 2 kOe) exhibits an activation energy barrier of ΔE/kB = 27 K and a pre-exponential factor of 1.4 × 10(-8) s. To support the magnetic characterization of compound 3ab initio calculations were also performed. PMID:26751050

  19. Effect of ring coordination of pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate and metatungstate to Ln ions on metatungstate structure: Synthesis, structure and optical property of four new compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Dandan; Chen Yaguang; Zhang Chunjing; Meng Huaxin; Zhang Zhichao; Zhang Chunxia

    2011-06-15

    Four novel compounds based on {alpha}-metatungstate [H{sub 2}W{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{sup 6-} (W{sub 12}) and Ln-organic complexes, (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}[Ln{sub 2}(L){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 9}(H{sub 2}W{sub 12}O{sub 40})].nH{sub 2}O (Ln=Eu{sup III} (1), Gd{sup III} (2), Dy{sup III} (4), n=11; Tb{sup III} (3), n=12; L=pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate dianion) have been synthesized in aqueous solution and characterized by element analysis, IR spectrometry and thermogravimetric analysis. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal these compounds are isostructural with a P21/n space group. The W{sub 12} cluster acting as a tridentate ligand connects three Ln{sup 3+} ions, in turn, each Ln2 ion links two W{sub 12} clusters, as a result, a W{sub 12}-Ln polymeric chain is formed. Coordination of pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate ligands to the Ln{sup 3+} ions leads to a Ln-L polymeric chain. The two chains, W{sub 12}-Ln and Ln-L, share Ln2 ions, resulting in a 2-D layer. Ring coordination of pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate and W{sub 12} to the Ln ions changes some bond angles of W{sub 12} that leads to a slight distortion of W{sub 12} and splitting of vibration band of W-Oc-W. Solid-state photoluminescence properties of compounds 1-4 have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Four two-dimensional {alpha}-metatungstate and Ln-pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate compounds have been synthesized. During the research, we elucidated the effect of ring coordination of pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate on the structures of the POM-based hybrids. Highlights: > Four new 2-D compounds based on [H{sub 2}W{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{sup 6-} and Ln-organic complexes have been synthesized. > We study the ring coordination of pyridine-3, 5-dicarboxylate and W{sub 12} to Ln ions. > The luminescent properties of these compounds have been investigated.

  20. Sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase is inhibited by organic vanadium coordination compounds: pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylatodioxovanadium(V), BMOV, and an amavadine analogue.

    PubMed

    Aureliano, Manuel; Henao, Fernando; Tiago, Teresa; Duarte, Rui O; Moura, J J G; Baruah, Bharat; Crans, Debbie C

    2008-07-01

    The general affinity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca (2+)-ATPase was examined for three different classes of vanadium coordination complexes including a vanadium(V) compound, pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylatodioxovanadium(V) (PDC-V(V)), and two vanadium(IV) compounds, bis(maltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BMOV), and an analogue of amavadine, bis( N-hydroxylamidoiminodiacetato)vanadium(IV) (HAIDA-V(IV)). The ability of vanadate to act either as a phosphate analogue or as a transition-state analogue with enzymes' catalysis phosphoryl group transfer suggests that vanadium coordination compounds may reveal mechanistic preferences in these classes of enzymes. Two of these compounds investigated, PDC-V(V) and BMOV, were hydrolytically and oxidatively reactive at neutral pH, and one, HAIDA-V(IV), does not hydrolyze, oxidize, or otherwise decompose to a measurable extent during the enzyme assay. The SR Ca (2+)-ATPase was inhibited by all three of these complexes. The relative order of inhibition was PDC-V(V) > BMOV > vanadate > HAIDA-V(IV), and the IC 50 values were 25, 40, 80, and 325 microM, respectively. Because the observed inhibition is more potent for PDC-V(V) and BMOV than that of oxovanadates, the inhibition cannot be explained by oxovanadate formation during enzyme assays. Furthermore, the hydrolytically and redox stable amavadine analogue HAIDA-V(IV) inhibited the Ca (2+)-ATPase less than oxovanadates. To gauge the importance of the lipid environment, studies of oxidized BMOV in microemulsions were performed and showed that this system remained in the aqueous pool even though PDC-V(V) is able to penetrate lipid interfaces. These findings suggest that the hydrolytic properties of these complexes may be important in the inhibition of the calcium pump. Our results show that two simple coordination complexes with known insulin enhancing effects can invoke a response in calcium homeostasis and the regulation of muscle contraction through the SR Ca (2+)-ATPase. PMID:18510311

  1. Synthesis, structure, magnetic and biological activity studies of bis-hydrazone derived Cu(ii) and Co(ii) coordination compounds.

    PubMed

    Golla, Upendarrao; Adhikary, Amit; Mondal, Amit Kumar; Tomar, Raghuvir Singh; Konar, Sanjit

    2016-08-01

    Four coordination compounds of formulae [Cu(II)2(H2L(1))(HL(1))](ClO4)3·H2O (1), [Cu(II)2(H2L(2))(CH3OH)2](ClO4)2·2CH3OH (2), [Co(II)2(H2L(1))2](ClO4)4 (3) and [Co(II)2(H2L(2))2]·2H2O (4) were synthesized via self-assembly of succinohydrazone derived ligands (H2L(1) = N',N'-4-bis(2-pyridyl)succinohydrazide, H4L(2) = N',N'-4-bis(2-hydroxybenzylidene)succinohydrazide) and Cu(2+) and Co(2+) ions, respectively. The compounds were characterized by crystal structure determination, magnetic measurements and biological activities. Compounds 1, 3 and 4 have discrete double helicate structures, whereas compound 2 is a one-dimensional chain. Magnetic studies show antiferromagnetic exchange interactions in 2 with a J value of -67.1 cm(-1) and antiferromagnetic spin-canting in compound 3 originates through supramolecular H-bonding. For compound 3, a clear bifurcation was observed in zero field cooled (ZFC) and field cooled (FC) measurement at a temperature of 3.5 K and field of 0.1 T, implying long range magnetic ordering below this temperature. Interestingly, all of compounds 1-4 show significant changes in their absorption (hypo- and hyperchromism) in the presence of SS-DNA, inferring interaction between the compounds and DNA. In addition, compounds 1-4 significantly exhibited nuclease activities on both RNA and pUC19 plasmid DNA. Moreover, the nuclease activity was further enhanced in the presence of oxidant (H2O2) and suggests the possible role of reactive oxygen species in DNA nicking ability of compounds 1-4. Furthermore, compounds 1, 2 and 4 exhibited significant cytotoxicity against mammalian cancer cell lines (HeLa, A549 and MDAMB-231). In addition, our results from Annexin/PI staining and DNA fragmentation assays revealed that these compounds are capable of inducing apoptosis and have potential to act as anticancer drugs. PMID:27377047

  2. Three novel Cu6S6 cluster-based coordination compounds: synthesis, framework modulation and the sensing of small molecules and Fe(3+) ions.

    PubMed

    Song, Jiang-Feng; Li, Si-Zhe; Zhou, Rui-Sha; Shao, Jia; Qiu, Xiao-Min; Jia, Ying-Ying; Wang, Jun; Zhang, Xiao

    2016-08-01

    Three novel Cu6S6 cluster-based coordination compounds formulated as [Cu(mpymt)3]2 (1), {(CuBr4)[Cu(mpymt)6]}n (2), and {(CuI6)[Cu(mpymt)6]}n (3) (Hmpymt = 4-methylpyrimidine-2-thione), have been synthesized under solvothermal conditions and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Structural analysis reveals that compound 1 shows a distorted octahedral core of six copper atoms (Cu6S6) constructed from four α and two β type N[double bond, length as m-dash]C-SH parts from six mpymt(-) anions. Compound 2 displays an interesting 3D framework constructed from Cu6S6 and Cu4Br4 Cu(i) clusters simultaneously, interestingly, six mpymt(-) with α type N[double bond, length as m-dash]C-SH parts are involved in the formation of Cu6S6. Compound 3 displays an infinite 1D framework constructed from Cu6S6 and Cu6I6 Cu(i) clusters, notably, four α and two β type N[double bond, length as m-dash]C-SH parts are involved in the formation of the Cu6S6 cluster, however, only mpymt(-) ligands containing α type N[double bond, length as m-dash]C-SH parts form the bridged Cu6I6 cluster. The experimental results reveal that halogen ions finely modulate the structural features of compounds 1-3. The fluorescent properties of compounds 1-3 in the solid state and in various solvent emulsions were investigated in detail, the results of which indicate that compounds 1-3 are all highly sensitive naked eye colorimetric sensors for NB, 2-NT and Fe(3+) (NB = nitrobenzene and 2-NT = 2-nitrotoluene). PMID:27377475

  3. Cytotoxicity studies of water soluble coordination compounds with a [Mo2O2S2](2+) core.

    PubMed

    Gretarsdóttir, Johanna M; Bobersky, Sandra; Metzler-Nolte, Nils; Suman, Sigridur G

    2016-07-01

    Selected molybdenum sulfur compounds with the formulas (M)[Mo2O2S4L] where (Et4N)2(1), L=S4(2-), (Et4N)(2), L=Cp, (3), L=DMF, K(5), L=serine, M=Et4N(+), K(+), Na(+) and [Mo2O2S2L2] where Na2(4), L=cysteine, and (6), L=threonine, were prepared and subjected to cytotoxicity studies in vitro. The results were analyzed to rank the compounds according to their relative cytotoxicity and to correlate the observed toxicity to specific composition. The results guide future efforts to synthesize highly water soluble, non-toxic, compounds. Strong correlation was observed between toxicity and cation selection, as well as selection of biocompatible ligands combined with alkali metal salts. The most toxic compound analyzed showed about 50 times less cytotoxicity than the cisplatin reference compound in HT-29 cells. Preliminary results from in vivo data agree with the ranking obtained in vitro. PMID:26920227

  4. Second-order nonlinear optical Langmuir-Blodgett films based on a series of azo rare-earth coordination compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, L.H.; Wang, K.Z.; Huang, C.H.

    1995-06-01

    A series of novel azo dyes composed of a lanthanide complex anion and an azo cation, in which strongly electron-donating (dihexadecylamino)phenyl and electron-accepting pyridinium groups are separated by an azo group, was designed as second-order nonlinear optical Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) film materials. The compounds are of good film-forming properties. The values of second-order molecular hyperpolarizability {beta} were determined to be (1.20-3.03) x 10{sup {minus}27} esu, comparable to the largest value known for azo LB materials. The compounds studied may be attactive in the application in future optical devices. 13 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  5. The coordination chemistry and magnetism of some 3d-4f and 4f amino-polyalcohol compounds.

    PubMed

    Sharples, Joseph W; Collison, David

    2014-02-01

    Triethanolamine, teaH3, and diethanolamine, RdeaH2, 3d-4f and 4f compounds demonstrate an enormous variety in their structure and bonding. This review examines the synthetic strategies to these molecules and their magnetic properties, whilst trying to assess these ligands' suitability towards new SMMs and magnetic refrigerants. PMID:25009361

  6. The coordination chemistry and magnetism of some 3d–4f and 4f amino-polyalcohol compounds

    PubMed Central

    Sharples, Joseph W.; Collison, David

    2014-01-01

    Triethanolamine, teaH3, and diethanolamine, RdeaH2, 3d–4f and 4f compounds demonstrate an enormous variety in their structure and bonding. This review examines the synthetic strategies to these molecules and their magnetic properties, whilst trying to assess these ligands’ suitability towards new SMMs and magnetic refrigerants. PMID:25009361

  7. Crystal structure of the coordination compound of triiodidomethyltin(IV) with 2,2′-bi­pyridine, MeSnI3·bipy

    PubMed Central

    Reuter, Hans; Reichelt, Martin

    2016-01-01

    The title compound, (2,2′-bi­pyridine-κ2 N,N′)tri­iodido­meth­yltin(IV), [Sn(CH3)I3(C10H8N2)], crystallizing in the non-centrosymmetric ortho­rhom­bic space group Pca21 as an inversion twin, represents one of the few structurally characterized coordination compounds of an organotin(IV) trihalide with 2,2′-biypridine. Its distorted octa­hedral geometry shows a meridional arrangement of the I atoms and the methyl group is in-plane with the five-membered chelate ring. Asymmetric bonding of the biypridine ligand to the tin(IV) atom is reflected by different Sn—N bond lengths [2.268 (4) Å versus 2.293 (4) Å] and caused by the static trans effect of the methyl group. Sn—I bond lengths show some differences with respect to their orientation to the methyl group or the bi­pyridine ligand, respectively. Angular distortions in the coordination sphere of the SnIV atom mainly arise from the large I atoms. Distortion of the 2,2′-bi­pyridine ligand as a result of its coordination to the SnIV atom are described by the twisting angle of 2.5 (2)° between the least-squares planes of the two pyridine rings, as well as by the angle of 6.2 (2)° between the two lines through the pyridine-connecting C atoms and the para-orientated C atoms. Directional inter­molecular inter­actions are restricted to weak I⋯H van der Waals contacts. PMID:26870576

  8. Crystal structure of the coordination compound of triiodidomethyltin(IV) with 2,2'-bi-pyridine, MeSnI3·bipy.

    PubMed

    Reuter, Hans; Reichelt, Martin

    2016-01-01

    The title compound, (2,2'-bi-pyridine-κ(2) N,N')tri-iodido-meth-yltin(IV), [Sn(CH3)I3(C10H8N2)], crystallizing in the non-centrosymmetric ortho-rhom-bic space group Pca21 as an inversion twin, represents one of the few structurally characterized coordination compounds of an organotin(IV) trihalide with 2,2'-biypridine. Its distorted octa-hedral geometry shows a meridional arrangement of the I atoms and the methyl group is in-plane with the five-membered chelate ring. Asymmetric bonding of the biypridine ligand to the tin(IV) atom is reflected by different Sn-N bond lengths [2.268 (4) Å versus 2.293 (4) Å] and caused by the static trans effect of the methyl group. Sn-I bond lengths show some differences with respect to their orientation to the methyl group or the bi-pyridine ligand, respectively. Angular distortions in the coordination sphere of the Sn(IV) atom mainly arise from the large I atoms. Distortion of the 2,2'-bi-pyridine ligand as a result of its coordination to the Sn(IV) atom are described by the twisting angle of 2.5 (2)° between the least-squares planes of the two pyridine rings, as well as by the angle of 6.2 (2)° between the two lines through the pyridine-connecting C atoms and the para-orientated C atoms. Directional inter-molecular inter-actions are restricted to weak I⋯H van der Waals contacts. PMID:26870576

  9. Reactions of [Cu(X)(BPEP-Ph)] (X = PF6, SbF6) with silyl compounds. Cooperative bond activation involving non-coordinating anions.

    PubMed

    Nakajima, Yumiko; Tsuchimoto, Takahiro; Chang, Yung-Hung; Takeuchi, Katsuhiko; Ozawa, Fumiyuki

    2016-02-01

    Bond activation of silyl compounds, assisted by the cooperative action of non-coordinating anions, is achieved using Cu(I) complexes coordinated with a PNP-pincer type phosphaalkene ligand, [Cu(X)(BPEP-Ph)] (X = PF6 (1a), SbF6 (1b); BPEP-Ph = 2,6-bis[1-phenyl-2-(2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenyl)-2-phosphaethenyl]pyridine). Complexes 1a and 1b react with Me3SiCN to form Me3SiF and Cu(i) cyanide complexes of the formula [Cu(CN-EF5)(BPEP-Ph)] (E = P (2a), Sb (2b)), in which the CN ligand is associated with the EF5 group arising from EF6(-). Formation of the intermediary isonitrile complex [Cu(CNSiMe3)(BPEP-Ph)](+)SbF6(-) (3b) is confirmed by its isolation. Thus, a two-step reaction process involving coordination of Me3SiCN, followed by nucleophilic attack of SbF6(-) on the silicon atom of 3b is established for the conversion of 1b to 2b. Complex 1b cleaves the H-Si bond of PhMe2SiH as well. The isolation and structural identification of [Cu(BPEP-Ph)](+)BAr(F)4(-) (1c) (BAr(F)4 = B{3,5-(CF3)2C6H3}4) as a rare example of a T-shaped, three-coordinated Cu(i) complex is reported. PMID:26455594

  10. Theoretical and experimental studies of Cu(II) and Zn(II) coordination compounds with N,O donor bidentate Schiff base ligand containing amino phenol moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusmariya, Brajendra S.; Tiwari, Anjali; Mishra, A. P.; Naikoo, Gowhar Ahmad

    2016-09-01

    We report here two mononuclear Cu(II) and Zn(II) coordination compounds of general formula [CuII(L)2].2H2O (1) and [ZnII(L)2].3H2O (2) derived from bidentate 2-chloro-6-{[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}-4 nitrophenol ligand (HL). These compounds were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, uv-vis, 1H NMR, molar conductance, thermal, PXRD, SEM-EDX and electrochemical studies. The PXRD and SEM analysis shows the amorphous/nanocrystalline nature of 1 and crystalline nature of 2. The diffraction peak broadening was explained in terms of domain size and the crystallite lattice strain. Thermogravimetric analysis in the range of 300-1172 K has been performed to determine the thermal stability of synthesized compounds. The non-isothermal kinetic parameters of degradation process were calculated using Coats-Redfern (C-R), Piloyan-Novikova (P-N) and Horowitz-Metzger (H-M) methods assuming first order degradation and proposed a random nucleation mechanism of thermal decomposition for both compounds. The cyclic voltammetric studies reveal the irreversibility of the oxidation/reduction process of synthesized compounds. To support the experimental findings theoretical calculations by means of DFT and TD-DFT at B3LYP level were incorporated. In addition; frequency calculations, HOMO-LUMO, energy gap (ΔE), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), spin density and crystal packing were also computed at the same level of theory.

  11. A new hybrid constructed from Dawson-like polyoxometalates and dicopper coordination compounds containing a discrete tridecameric water cluster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Hongxun; Cao, Minna; Gao, Shuiying; Cao, Rong

    2014-01-01

    A new organic-inorganic hybrid polyoxotungstates, [Cu2Cl(H2O)3(phen)2]2[H3SbW18O60]·7H2O (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, 1), has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, FTIR, TG, UV-DRS, XRPD, magnetic property and X-ray single crystal diffraction. The structure analyses reveal that complex 1 based on Dawson-like polyoxoanions and dicopper coordination cations exhibits 3D supramolecular network via hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking containing a new discrete tridecameric water cluster. The magnetic property of 1 was also investigated between 2 and 300 K, indicating the existence of antiferromagnetic exchange interaction between the Cu(II) centres.

  12. Ag coordination compounds of a bifunctional diaminotriazine-imidazole ligand with various anions and solvents: Synthesis, structures, photoluminescence, and thermal properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mei, Hong-Xin; Huang, Hua-Qi; Zhang, Ting; Huang, Rong-Bin; Zheng, Lan-Sun

    2016-03-01

    Six coordination compounds of Ag(I) and 2,4-diamino-6-[2-(2-methyl-1-imidazolyl)ethyl]-1,3,5-triazine (L, Ag:L = 1:2) with different anions and solvents, namely, [Ag(L)2]•(NO3)•4(H2O) (1), [Ag(L)2 ] · 1 / 2 (nds) ·(MeOH) ·(H2O) (2, H2nds = 1,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid), [Ag(L)2 ] · 1 / 2 (nds) ·(MeOH) · 5 / 2 (H2O) (3), [Ag(L)2 ] · 1 / 2 (nds) ·(CH3CN) (4), [Ag(L)2]•(ClO4)•(MeOH)•(H2O) (5), and [Ag(L)2]•(ClO4)•2(H2O) (6), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, PXRD and X-ray single-crystal diffraction. In these compounds, each Ag(I) ion is ligated by two imidazole nitrogens to form a Ag(L)2 unit. The anions and solvents determine hydrogen-bonding between the DAT groups links the Ag(L)2 units whether to form chains in 1 and 2 or layers in 3-6. In addition, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and luminescent properties of these compounds were also investigated.

  13. Carboxylate-modulated two novel Ag(I) coordination compounds with benzoguanamine ligand: Syntheses, structures, thermal stability and photoluminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Hong-Jun; Sun, Di; Liu, Fu-Jing; Huang, Rong-Bin; Zheng, Lan-Sun

    2012-03-01

    Two mixed-ligand coordination complexes (CCs) of the formula [Ag2(bga)2(pnba)2(H2O)]·(bga)2 (1) and {[Ag3(bga)3(dnb)3(H2O)]·(CH3OH)·(C2H5OH)}n (2) (bga = benzoguanamine, Hpnba = 4-nitrobenzoic acid, Hdnb = 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid) were synthesized by reactions of AgNO3 and bga in the presence of different carboxylates under the ammoniacal condition. Both CCs have been characterized by element analysis, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), IR and X-ray single-crystal diffraction. Complex 1 is 0D discrete molecule which is extended to 1D supramolecular chains through intermolecular N-H···N complementary hydrogen bonds. Complex 2 is a 1D infinite chain containing monodentate and bidentate bga ligands. Analogously, the presence of complementary N-H···N hydrogen bonds drives the 1D chains to form 2D supramolecular sheet. In addition, the thermal stabilities and the photoluminescence properties of them were also investigated.

  14. Preparation, characterization, and second-harmonic generation of a Langmuir-Blodgett film based on a rare-earth coordination compound

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, K.Z.; Huang, C.H.; Xu, G.X.; Zhao, X.S.; Xie, X.M.; Wu, N.Z.; Xu, Y.; Liu, Y.Q.; Zhu, D.B.

    1994-11-01

    The rare-earth coordination compound (E)-N-hexadecyl-4-(2-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-ethenyl)pyridinium tetrakis(1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-5-pyrazolonato)dysprosium(III) was synthesized. The LB films were prepared and characterized by UV-vis, IR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and low-angle X-ray diffraction. High-quality LB films up to 50 layers on the hydrophilic substrates of quartz, calcium fluoride, and glass were obtained. From the second-harmonic generation measurement, second-order molecular hyperpolarizability {beta} of the dysprosium complex was estimated to be about (6.6-9.3) x 10{sup {minus}28} esu. 14 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Liquid-Phase Epitaxy Effective Encapsulation of Lanthanide Coordination Compounds into MOF Film with Homogeneous and Tunable White-Light Emission.

    PubMed

    Gu, Zhi-Gang; Chen, Zheng; Fu, Wen-Qiang; Wang, Fei; Zhang, Jian

    2015-12-30

    As a new family of hybrid inorganic-organic materials with large porosity, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have received attractive attention recently on encapsulating functional guest species. Although the encapsulation of luminescent guest into bulk MOFs can tune the luminescent property, the powder composite materials are limited to the application in optical sensors and devices. In the present work, we use a modified liquid-phase epitaxial (LPE) pump method for the fabrication of lanthanide coordination compounds (LCCs)-encapsulated MOF thin film on substrate with high encapsulation efficiency. The resultant composite film reveals an oriented and homogeneous composite film, in which a white light emission by tuning the LCCs of red, blue and green emission can be obtained. This strategy may open new perspectives for developing high-encapsulation-efficiency, oriented, and homogeneous solid-state lighting composite films in the application of optical sensors and devices. PMID:26641951

  16. Effect of robust π-π stacking synthon on the formation of mercury coordination compounds; an unusual pseudo-square planar geometry.

    PubMed

    Khavasi, Hamid Reza; Mir Mohammad Sadegh, Bahareh

    2014-04-14

    In this study, three Hg(II) complexes, [HgCl2(L(2-naph))]n, 1, [HgBr2(L(2-naph))]n, 2 and [HgI2(L(2-naph))2], 3 where L(2-naph) is N-(naphthalene-2-yl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide ligand have been synthesized and characterized. X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis of these compounds reveals that 1 and 2 are isostructural coordination polymers and 3 is a discrete compound. In comparison to homologue complexes containing N-(naphthalene-1-yl)pyrazine-2-carboxamide ligand, interestingly, structural analysis clearly shows that displacing substituent position plays an important role in the formation of the supramolecular organization of molecular complexes. The common feature in the crystal packing of these complexes is that there is a strong tendency to form π-π stacking interaction between pyrazine and naphthalene rings. These π-π stacking interaction synthons affect the coordination geometry and structural assembly. Also, theoretical methods show the π-π stacking interaction energies within a range of -64.13 to -70.51 kJ mol(-1). It is notable that in 3, cooperation of intermolecular π-π stacking synthon and intramolecular C-H(pyz)···I-Hg hydrogen bond resulted in the formation of unusual pseudo-square planar geometry around the Hg(II) center. This study reveals an undeniable contribution of π-π stacking interaction to the organization and stabilization of some of the crystal structures reported here. PMID:24549003

  17. Coordination Compounds of Niobium(IV) Oxide Dihalides Including the Synthesis and the Crystallographic Characterization of NHC Complexes.

    PubMed

    Bortoluzzi, Marco; Ferretti, Eleonora; Marchetti, Fabio; Pampaloni, Guido; Pinzino, Calogero; Zacchini, Stefano

    2016-05-01

    The 1:1 molar reactions of NbOX3 with SnBu3H, in toluene at 0 °C in the presence of oxygen/nitrogen donors, resulted in the formation of NbOX2L2 (X = Cl, L2 = dme, 2a; X = Br, L2 = dme, 2b; X = Cl, L = thf, 2c; X = Cl, L = NCMe, 2d; dme = 1,2-dimethoxyethane, thf = tetrahydrofuran), in good yields. The 1:2 reactions of freshly prepared 2d and 2b with the bulky NHC ligands 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene, Imes, and 1,3-bis(2,6-dimethylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene, Ixyl, respectively, afforded the complexes NbOCl2(Imes)2, 3, and NbOBr2(Ixyl)2, 4, in 50-60% yields. The reactions of 2b with NaOR, in tetrahydrofuran, gave NbOCl(OR) (R = Ph, 5; R = Me, 6) in about 60% yields. All the products were characterized by analytical and spectroscopic techniques; moreover DFT calculations were carried out in order to shed light on synthetic and structural features. Compounds 3 and 4, whose molecular structures have been ascertained by X-ray diffraction, represent very rare examples of crystallographically characterized niobium-NHC systems. PMID:27082642

  18. Circular dichroism and optical absorption spectra of mononuclear and trinuclear chiral Cu(II) amino-alcohol coordinated compounds: A combined theoretical and experimental study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valencia, Israel; Ávila-Torres, Yenny; Barba-Behrens, Norah; Garzón, Ignacio L.

    2015-04-01

    Studies on the physicochemical properties of biomimetic compounds of multicopper oxidases are fundamental to understand their reaction mechanisms and catalytic behavior. In this work, electronic, optical, and chiroptical properties of copper(II) complexes with amino-alcohol chiral ligands are theoretically studied by means of time-dependent density functional theory. The calculated absorption and circular dichroism spectra are compared with experimental measurements of these spectra for an uncoordinated pseudoephedrine derivative, as well as for the corresponding mononuclear and trinuclear copper(II)-coordinated complexes. This comparison is useful to gain insights into their electronic structure, optical absorption and optical activity. The optical absorption and circular dichroism bands of the pseudoephedrine derivative are located in the UV-region. They are mainly due to transitions originated from n to π anti-bonding orbitals of the alcohol and amino groups, as well as from π bonding to π anti-bonding orbitals of carboxyl and phenyl groups. In the case of the mononuclear and trinuclear compounds, additional signals in the visible spectral region are present. In both systems, the origin of these bands is due to charge transfer from ligand to metal and d-d transitions.

  19. Bipolar mass spectrometry of labile coordination complexes, redox active inorganic compounds, and proteins using a glass nebulizer for sonic-spray ionization.

    PubMed

    Antonakis, Manolis M; Tsirigotaki, Alexandra; Kanaki, Katerina; Milios, Constantinos J; Pergantis, Spiros A

    2013-08-01

    In this study, we report on the development of a novel nebulizer configuration for sonic-spray ionization (SSI) mass spectrometry (MS), more specifically for a version of SSI that is referred to as Venturi easy ambient sonic-spray ionization (V-EASI) MS. The developed nebulizer configuration is based on a commercially available pneumatic glass nebulizer that has been used extensively for aerosol formation in atomic spectrometry. In the present study, the nebulizer was modified in order to achieve efficient V-EASI-MS operation. Upon evaluating this system, it has been demonstrated that V-EASI-MS offers some distinct advantages for the analysis of coordination compounds and redox active inorganic compounds over the predominantly used electrospray ionization (ESI) technique. Such advantages, for this type of compounds, are demonstrated here for the first time. More specifically, a series of labile heptanuclear heterometallic [Cu(II) 6Ln(III)] clusters held together with artificial amino acid ligands, in addition to easily oxidized inorganic oxyanions of selenium and arsenic, were analyzed. The observed advantages pertain to V-EASI appearing to be a "milder" ionization source than ESI, not requiring electrical potentials for gas phase ion formation, thus eliminating the possibility of unwanted redox transformations, allowing for the "simultaneous" detection of negative and positive ions (bipolar analysis) without the need to change source ionization conditions, and also not requiring the use of syringes and delivery pumps. Because of such features, especially because of the absence of ionization potentials, EASI can be operated with minimal requirements for source parameter optimization. We observed that source temperature and accelerating voltage do not seem to affect labile compounds to the extent they do in ESI-MS. In addition, bipolar analysis of proteins was demonstrated here by acquiring both positive and negative ion mass spectra from the same protein solutions

  20. Compounds with a ‘stuffed’ anti-bixbyite-type structure, analysed in terms of the Zintl–Klemm and coordination-defect concepts

    PubMed Central

    Vegas, Angel; Martin, Raymond L.; Bevan, D. J. M.

    2009-01-01

    The bixbyite structure (Mn2O3) () is often described as a distorted face-centered cubic (f.c.c.) array of Mn atoms, with O atoms occupying 3/4 of the tetrahedral holes. The empty M 4 tetrahedra are centred at 16c. In anti-bixbyite structures (Mg3N2), cation vacancies are centred in empty N4 tetrahedra. If 16 hypothetical atoms were located at this site they would form the structure of γ-Si. This means that anti-bixbyite structures are ideally prepared to accommodate Si(Ge) atoms at these holes. Several compounds (Li3AlN2 and Li3ScN2) fully satisfy this expectation. They are really anti-bixbyites ‘stuffed’ with Al(Sc). The presence of these atoms in 16c is illuminated in the light of the extended Zintl–Klemm concept (EZKC) [Vegas & García-Baonza (2007 ▶). Acta Cryst. B63, 339–345], from which a compound would be the result of ‘multiple resonance’ pseudo-structures, emerging from electron transfers between any species pair (like or unlike atoms, cations or anions). The coordination-defect (CD) concept [Bevan & Martin (2008) ▶. J. Solid State Chem. 181, 2250–2259] is also consistent with the EZKC description of the pseudo-structures. A more profound insight into crystal structures is gained if one is not restricted to the contemplation of classical anions and cations in their conventional oxidation states. PMID:19155554

  1. Aspherical-atom modeling of coordination compounds by single-crystal X-ray diffraction allows the correct metal atom to be identified.

    PubMed

    Dittrich, Birger; Wandtke, Claudia M; Meents, Alke; Pröpper, Kevin; Mondal, Kartik Chandra; Samuel, Prinson P; Amin Sk, Nurul; Singh, Amit Pratap; Roesky, Herbert W; Sidhu, Navdeep

    2015-02-01

    Single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) is often considered the gold standard in analytical chemistry, as it allows element identification as well as determination of atom connectivity and the solid-state structure of completely unknown samples. Element assignment is based on the number of electrons of an atom, so that a distinction of neighboring heavier elements in the periodic table by XRD is often difficult. A computationally efficient procedure for aspherical-atom least-squares refinement of conventional diffraction data of organometallic compounds is proposed. The iterative procedure is conceptually similar to Hirshfeld-atom refinement (Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A- 2008, 64, 383-393; IUCrJ. 2014, 1,61-79), but it relies on tabulated invariom scattering factors (Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B- 2013, 69, 91-104) and the Hansen/Coppens multipole model; disordered structures can be handled as well. Five linear-coordinate 3d metal complexes, for which the wrong element is found if standard independent-atom model scattering factors are relied upon, are studied, and it is shown that only aspherical-atom scattering factors allow a reliable assignment. The influence of anomalous dispersion in identifying the correct element is investigated and discussed. PMID:25393218

  2. Yttrium and lanthanide complexes of β-dialdehydes: synthesis, characterization, luminescence and electrochemistry of coordination compounds with the conjugate base of bromomalonaldehyde.

    PubMed

    Bortoluzzi, Marco; Battistel, Dario; Roppa, Stefania; Daniele, Salvatore; Perosa, Alvise; Enrichi, Francesco

    2014-06-28

    Novel yttrium, europium and terbium coordination compounds having formulae [AsPh4][Ln(BrMA)4] (6LN), Ln(BrMA)3(bipyO2) (7Ln), Ln(NMA)3(phen) (8Ln) and Ln(NMA)3(terpy) (9Ln) (Ln = Y, Eu, Tb; BrMA = conjugate base of bromomalonaldehyde; bipyO2 = 2,2'-bipyridine-N,N'-dioxide; phen = 1,10-phenantroline; terpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine) were synthesized and characterized by using spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques. Uncharged europium and, to a lesser extent, terbium complexes showed appreciable luminescence in the solid state upon excitation with UV light. Polymeric materials and ionic liquids containing BrMA and lanthanides were prepared and photoluminescence measurements were carried out. From an electrochemical point of view, europium(III) BrMA-complexes showed a quasi-reversible one-electron reduction process. The one electron transfer reaction Eu(III) to Eu(II) allowed the photoluminescence tuning of 8Eu deposited on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode. PMID:24819039

  3. Two-dimensional 3d-4f heterometallic coordination polymers: syntheses, crystal structures, and magnetic properties of six new Co(II)-Ln(III) compounds.

    PubMed

    Díaz-Gallifa, Pau; Fabelo, Oscar; Pasán, Jorge; Cañadillas-Delgado, Laura; Lloret, Francesc; Julve, Miguel; Ruiz-Pérez, Catalina

    2014-06-16

    Six new heterometallic cobalt(II)-lanthanide(III) complexes of formulas [Ln(bta)(H2O)2]2[Co(H2O)6]·10H2O [Ln = Nd(III) (1) and Eu(III) (2)] and [Ln2Co(bta)2(H2O)8]n·6nH2O [Ln = Eu(III) (3), Sm(III) (4), Gd(III) (5), and Tb(III) (6)] (H4bta = 1,2,4,5-benzenetretracaboxylic acid) have been synthesized and characterized via single-crystal X-ray diffraction. 1 and 2 are isostructural compounds with a structure composed of anionic layers of [Ln(bta)(H2O)2]n(n-) sandwiching mononuclear [Co(H2O)6](2+) cations plus crystallization water molecules, which are interlinked by electrostatic forces and hydrogen bonds, leading to a supramolecular three-dimensional network. 3-6 are also isostructural compounds, and their structure consists of neutral layers of formula [Ln2Co(bta)2(H2O)8]n and crystallization water molecules, which are connected through hydrogen bonds to afford a supramolecular three-dimensional network. Heterometallic chains formed by the regular alternation of two nine-coordinate lanthanide(III) polyhedra [Ln(III)O9] and one compressed cobalt(II) octahedron [Co(II)O6] along the crystallographic c-axis are cross-linked by bta ligands within each layer of 3-6. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on polycrystalline samples for 3-6 have been carried out in the temperature range of 2.0-300 K. The magnetic behavior of these types of Ln(III)-Co(II) complexes, which have been modeled by using matrix dagonalization techniques, reveals the lack of magnetic coupling for 3 and 4, and the occurrence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions within the Gd(III)-Gd(III) (5) and Tb(III)-Tb(III) (6) dinuclear units through the exchange pathway provided by the double oxo(carboxylate) and double syn-syn carboxylate bridges. PMID:24901707

  4. Photoinduced charge, ion & energy transfer processes at transition-metal coordination compounds anchored to mesoporous, nanocrystalline metal-oxide thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ardo, Shane

    Photovoltaics provide a direct means of converting photons into useful, electric power; however traditional silicon-based technologies are too expensive for global commercialization. Dye-sensitized mesoporous semiconducting thin films, when utilized in regenerative photoelectrochemical cells, are one category of next generation photovoltaics that could eventually circumvent this issue. In fact, their architecture also affords a clear platform for implementation of a direct, solar fuel-forming system. The mechanisms involved in the myriad of molecular processes that occur in these molecular--solid-state hybrid materials are poorly understood. Thus, the overriding goal of this dissertation was to evaluate sensitized mesoporous, nanocrystalline metal-oxide thin films critically so as to elucidate mechanistic phenomena. Using transient and steady-state absorption and emission spectroscopies as well as (photo)electrochemistry, various previously unobserved processes have been identified. Chapter 2 demonstrates for the first time that the electric fields emanating from these charged thin films affect surface-anchored molecular sensitizers via a Stark effect. In most cases, further, but incomplete, ionic screening of the charged nanoparticles from the sensitizers, as non-Faradaic electrolyte redistribution, was spectroscopically inferred after rapid semiconductor charging. Chapter 3 highlights the reactivity of Co(I) coordination-compound catalysts anchored to anatase TiO2 thin-film electrodes. Visible-light excitation resulted in prompt excited-state electron injection into TiO2 while introduction of benzylbromide into the fluid solution surrounding the thin film led to a 2e--transfer, oxidative-addition reaction to Co1 forming a stable Co--benzyl product. Subsequent visible-light excitation initiated a photocatalytic cycle for C--C bond formation. Unique to the nanocrystalline thin films employed here, Chapter 4 demonstrates that traditional time-resolved polarization

  5. 13C nuclear magnetic resonance study of five- and six-coordinated carbon in nonclassical organometallic compounds: Dimeric trialkyl-, tricyclopropyl-, and triarylaluminums and some nido and closo carboranes*

    PubMed Central

    Olah, George A.; Prakash, G. K. Surya; Liang, Gao; Henold, Kenneth L.; Haigh, Gary B.

    1977-01-01

    A 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic study of dimeric trimethyl-, triethyl-, tricyclopropyl-, and triarylaluminums is reported. The five-coordinated bridging carbons are found consistently more shielded than the terminal carbons, in accordance with the increased p-character of the former. The nature of bridging two-electron three-centered Al—C—Al bonds is discussed. 13C nuclear magnetic resonance shifts of several nido and closo carboranes containing five and six coordinated carbons and their 13C-1H spin-spin coupling constants were also obtained. The relationship between the carbon chemical shifts and coordination number of the carbon atom is discussed. There is approximately a 20- to 40-ppm shielding of the 13C chemical shifts of five- and six-coordinated carbons, compared with those of four valent carbons, with a simultaneous general increase of JC-H coupling constants. PMID:16592469

  6. Host-guest supramolecular interactions in the coordination compounds of 4,4'-azobis(pyridine) with MnX2 (X = NCS–, NCNCN–, and PF6(–)): structural analyses and theoretical study.

    PubMed

    Kar, Paramita; Biswas, Rituparna; Drew, Michael G B; Frontera, Antonio; Ghosh, Ashutosh

    2012-02-01

    Three new Mn(II) coordination compounds {[Mn(NCNCN)(2)(azpy)]·0.5azpy}(n) (1), {[Mn(NCS)(2)(azpy)(CH(3)OH)(2)]·azpy}(n) (2), and [Mn(azpy)(2)(H(2)O)(4)][Mn(azpy)(H(2)O)(5)]·4PF(6)·H(2)O·5.5azpy (3) (where azpy = 4,4'-azobis(pyridine)) have been synthesized by self-assembly of the primary ligands, dicyanamide, thiocyanate, and hexafluorophosphate, respectively, together with azpy as the secondary spacer. All three complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The structural analyses reveal that complex 1 forms a two-dimensional (2D) grid sheet motif. These sheets assemble to form a microporous framework that incorporates coordination-free azpy by host-guest π···π and C-H···N hydrogen bonding interactions. Complex 2 features azpy bridged one-dimensional (1D) chains of centrosymmetric [Mn(NCS)(2)(CH (3)OH)(2)] units which form a 2D porous sheet via a CH(3)···π supramolecular interaction. A guest azpy molecule is incorporated within the pores by strong H-bonding interactions. Complex 3 affords a 0-D motif with two monomeric Mn(II) units in the asymmetric unit. There exist π···π, anion···π, and strong hydrogen bonding interactions between the azpy, water, and the anions. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations, at the M06/6-31+G* level of theory, are used to characterize a great variety of interactions that explicitly show the importance of host-guest supramolecular interactions for the stabilization of coordination compounds and creation of the fascinating three-dimensional (3D) architecture of the title compounds. PMID:22272694

  7. Coordination Assembly of Discoid Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Hirai, Kenji; Yeom, Bongjun; Chang, Shu-Hao; Chi, Hang; Mansfield, John F; Lee, Byeongdu; Lee, Sungsik; Uher, Ctirad; Kotov, Nicholas A

    2015-07-27

    Supramolecular chemistry utilizes coordination bonds to assemble molecular building blocks into a variety of sophisticated constructs. However, traditional coordination assemblies are based on organic compounds that have limited ability to transport charge. Herein, we describe coordination assembly of anisotropic FeS2 pyrite nanoparticles (NPs) that can facilitate charge transport. Zn(2+) ions form supramolecular complexes with carboxylate end-groups on NP surface, leading to multiparticle sheets with liquid-crystal-like organization. Conductivity and Hall carrier mobility of the p-type layered semiconductor films with Zn(2+) coordination bridging exceed those known for coordination compounds, some by several orders of magnitude. The nanoscale porosity of the assembled sheets combined with fast hole transport leads to high electrocatalytic activity of the NP films. The coordination assembly of NPs embraces the versatility of several types of building blocks and opens a new design space for self-organized materials combining nanoscale and supramolecular structural motifs. PMID:26095101

  8. A bis(amine-carboxylate) copper(II) coordination compound forms a two-dimensional metal-organic framework when crystallized from water and methanol.

    PubMed

    Munro, Orde Q; Akerman, Matthew P; Gillham, Kate

    2009-09-01

    When {2,2'-[(2-methyl-2-nitropropane-1,3-diyl)diimino]diacetato}copper(II), [Cu(C(8)H(13)N(3)O(6))], (I), was crystallized from a binary mixture of methanol and water, a monoclinic two-dimensional water- and methanol-solvated metal-organic framework (MOF) structure, distinctly different from the known orthorhombic one-dimensional coordination polymer of (I), was isolated, namely catena-poly[[copper(II)-mu(3)-2,2'-[(2-methyl-2-nitropropane-1,3-diyl)diimino]diacetato] methanol 0.45-solvate 0.55-hydrate], {[Cu(C(8)H(13)N(3)O(6))].0.45CH(3)OH.0.55H(2)O}(n), (II). The monoclinic structure of (II) comprises centrosymmetric dimers stabilized by a dative covalent Cu(2)O(2) core and intramolecular N-H...O hydrogen bonds. Each dimer is linked to four neighbouring dimers via symmetry-related (opposing) pairs of bridging carboxylate O atoms to generate a ;diamondoid' net or two-dimensional coordination network. Tight voids of 166 A(3) are located between these two-dimensional MOF sheets and contain a mixture of water and methanol with fractional occupancies of 0.55 and 0.45, respectively. The two-dimensional MOF sheets have nanometre-scale spacings (11.2 A) in the crystal structure. Hydrogen-bonding between the methanol/water hydroxy groups and a Cu-bound bridging carboxylate O atom apparently negates thermal desolvation of the structure below 358 K in an uncrushed crystal of (II). PMID:19726848

  9. Chemical Principles Revisited: Some Aspects of Coordination Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mickey, Charles D.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews characteristics of coordination chemistry, the study of coordination compounds, a major focal point for the inorganic chemist. Provides a brief history regarding the Wernerian System and background information in modern coordination theory. (CS)

  10. Technology coordination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hartman, Steven

    1992-01-01

    Viewgraphs on technology coordination are provided. Topics covered include: technology coordination process to date; goals; how the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology (OAST) can support the Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA); how OSSA can support OAST; steps to technology transfer; and recommendations.

  11. Some new nano-structure zinc(II) coordination compounds of an imidazolidine Schiff base: Spectral, thermal, antimicrobial properties and DNA interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montazerozohori, Morteza; Musavi, Sayed Alireza; Naghiha, Asghar; Zohour, Mostafa Montazer

    2014-08-01

    Some novel nano-sized structure zinc complexes of a new Schiff base ligand entitled as (3-nitro-benzylidene)-{2-[2-(3-nitro-phenyl)-imidazolidine-1-yl]-ethyl}-amine(L) with general formula of ZnLX2 wherein X = Cl-, Br-, I-, SCN- and N3- have been synthesized under ultrasonic conditions. The ligand and its complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR and UV-Visible spectroscopy. The resulting data from spectral investigation especially 1H and 13C NMR well confirmed formation of an imidazolidine ring in the ligand structure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed nano-size structures with average particle sizes of 21.80-78.10 nm for the zinc(II) Schiff base complexes. The free Schiff base and its Zn(II) complexes have been screened in vitro both for antibacterial activity against some gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and also for antifungal activity. The metal complexes were found to be more active than the free Schiff base ligand. The results showed that ZnL(N3)2 is the most effective inhibitor against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aereuguinosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans while ZnLBr2 was found to be more effective against Bacillus subtillis than other compounds. Moreover, DNA cleavage potential of all compounds with plasmid DNA was investigated. The results showed that the ligand and ZnLCl2 complex cleave DNA more efficiently than others. In final, thermal analysis of ligand and its complexes revealed that they are decomposed via 2-3 thermal steps in the range of room temperature to 1000 °C. Furthermore some activation kinetic parameters such as A, E*, ΔH*, ΔS* and ΔG* were calculated based on TG/DTA plots by use of coats - Redfern relation. Positive values of activation energy evaluated for the compounds confirmed the thermal stability of them. In addition to, the positive ΔH*, and ΔG* values suggested endothermic character for the thermal decomposition steps.

  12. Cationic coordination compound Cs{sub 2}Hg{sub 3}I{sub 8} for IR NLO material: Synthesis, crystal growth and characterizations

    SciTech Connect

    Sathiskumar, S.; Kathiravan, P.; Balakrishnan, T.

    2015-06-24

    Single crystals Cs{sub 2}Hg{sub 3}I{sub 8} of dimensions 5 × 3 × 4   mm{sup 3} were grown by solution growth method at room temperature and structurally characterized by single crystal X – ray diffraction. Cs{sub 2}Hg{sub 3}I{sub 8} compound crystallizes in a noncentrosymmetric space group Cm with the crystal data of a = 7.4415 Å, b = 21.6629 Å, c = 7.6726 Å, α, β = 90°, γ = 108.05° and Z = 2. The grown crystals were characterized by powder X – ray diffraction analysis and the various diffraction planes are indexed. The presence of functional groups was identified qualitatively by Fourier transform infrared and FT – Raman spectral analyses. Ultraviolet – visible spectral analyses shows that the crystal has low UV cut off at 388 nm combined with very good transparency of 98 % in a wide range. The optical band gap was estimated to be 3 eV. Mechanical hardness of the grown crystal Cs{sub 2}Hg{sub 3}I{sub 8} was determined. The dielectric response of the crystal with varying frequencies was studied. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis shows that the grown crystal has very good thermal stability up to 97.5°C.

  13. Late First-Row Transition-Metal Complexes Containing a 2-Pyridylmethyl Pendant-Armed 15-Membered Macrocyclic Ligand. Field-Induced Slow Magnetic Relaxation in a Seven-Coordinate Cobalt(II) Compound.

    PubMed

    Antal, Peter; Drahoš, Bohuslav; Herchel, Radovan; Trávníček, Zdeněk

    2016-06-20

    The 2-pyridylmethyl N-pendant-armed heptadentate macrocyclic ligand {3,12-bis(2-methylpyridine)-3,12,18-triaza-6,9-dioxabicyclo[12.3.1]octadeca-1,14,16-triene = L} and [M(L)](ClO4)2 complexes, where M = Mn(II) (1), Fe(II) (2), Co(II) (3), Ni(II) (4), and Cu(II) (5), were prepared and thoroughly characterized, including elucidation of X-ray structures of all the compounds studied. The complexes 1-5 crystallize in non-centrosymmetric Sohncke space groups as racemic compounds. The coordination numbers of 7, 6 + 1, and 5 were found in complexes 1-3, 4, and 5, respectively, with a distorted pentagonal bipyramidal (1-4) or square pyramidal (5) geometry. On the basis of the magnetic susceptibility experiments, a large axial zero-field splitting (ZFS) was found for 2, 3, and 4 (D(Fe) = -7.4(2) cm(-1), D(Co) = 34(1) cm(-1), and D(Ni) = -12.8(1) cm(-1), respectively) together with a rhombic ZFS (E/D = 0.136(3)) for 4. Despite the easy plane anisotropy (D > 0, E/D = 0) in 3, the slow relaxation of the magnetization below 8 K was observed and analyzed either with Orbach relaxation mechanism (the relaxation time τ0 = 9.90 × 10(-10) s and spin reversal barrier Ueff = 24.3 K (16.9 cm(-1))) or with Raman relaxation mechanism (C = 2.12 × 10(-5) and n = 2.84). Therefore, compound 3 enlarges the small family of field-induced single-molecule magnets with pentagonal-bipyramidal chromophore. The cyclic voltammetry in acetonitrile revealed reversible redox processes in 1-3 and 5, except for the Ni(II) complex 4, where a quasi-reversible process was dominantly observed. Presence of the two 2-pyridylmethyl pendant arms in L with a stronger σ-donor/π-acceptor ability had a great impact on the properties of all the complexes (1-5), concretely: (i) strong pyridine-metal bonds provided slight axial compression of the coordination sphere, (ii) substantial changes in magnetic anisotropy, and (iii) stabilization of lower oxidation states. PMID:27245288

  14. Magnetosheath Coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schulz, M.; Chen, M. W.

    2010-12-01

    The eventual goal of this work is to develop an approximate analytical representation of solar-wind streamlines in the magnetosheath surrounding a magnetosphere of rather general shape. Previous analytical representations of magnetosheath streamlines and magnetic fields have invoked magnetopause shapes that conform to standard coordinate systems (e.g., spherical, cylindrical, paraboloidal, ellipsoidal), but it seems now that such a restriction on magnetopause shape is unnecessary. In the present work it is assumed only that the magnetopause is a continuously differentiable convex surface axisymmetric about the Sun-Earth line. This geometry permits the construction of an orthogonal coordinate system (mu, eta, chi) such that eta is the cosine of the cone angle between the Sun-Earth line and any conical surafce extending normally outward from the magnetopause, mu is a measure of the perpendicular distance of any magnetosheath point from the magnetopause, and chi is an azimuthal coordinate measured around the Sun-Earth line. It is convenient here to assign a label mu = mu* to the magnetopause itself, so that mu - mu* denotes perpendicular distance from the magnetopause and mu* is an adjustable parameter roughly comparable to the radius of the magnetotail. This choice provides for a rough correspondence between the (mu, eta, chi) coordinates introduced here and the ellipsoidal coordinates used in our previous efforts at magnetosheath modeling.

  15. COORDINATED AV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CLEAVES, PAUL C.; AND OTHERS

    THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER IS LOCATED IN THE LOCAL HIGH SCHOOL AND SUPPLIES ALL SCHOOLS IN THE AREA. AUDIOVISUAL EQUIPMENT ORDERS, AFTER SELECTIONS ARE MADE BY THE CLASSROOM TEACHER, ARE PROCESSED BY THE CENTER, CONFIRMED AND DELIVERED BY TRUCK THREE TIMES EACH WEEK. EACH SCHOOL HAS A BUILDING COORDINATOR WHO CHECKS THE ORDERS INTO THE…

  16. Platinum(IV) coordination compounds containing 5-methyl-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5- a]pyrimidin-7(4 H)-one as nonleaving ligand. Molecular and cytotoxicity in vitro characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Łakomska, Iwona; Fandzloch, Marzena; Wojtczak, Andrzej; Szłyk, Edward

    2011-08-01

    Novel platinum(IV) coordination compounds with 5-methyl-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5- a]pyrimidin-7(4 H)-one (HmtpO): cis- trans-[PtCl 2(OH) 2(NH 3)(HmtpO)] ( 1), cis- trans-[PtCl 5(HmtpO)][(CH 3) 2NH 2] ( 2) have been prepared and structurally characterized by spectroscopic methods ( 1H, IR and X-ray crystallography ( 2)). The X-ray results indicate that the local geometry around the platinum(IV) centre approximates a typical octahedral arrangement with nitrogen atom N3 of the HmtpO and three chloride atoms in equatorial positions. The remaining two axial positions are occupied by two chlorides. The preliminary assessment of antitumor properties of ( 1) was performed as an in vitro antiproliferative activity against HL-60 human acute promyelocytic leukemia and HCV29T bladder cancer. The cis- trans-[PtCl 2(OH) 2(NH 3)(HmtpO)] ( 1) exhibits higher cytotoxic activity against HL-60 (IC 50 = 6.4 μM) than cisplatin.

  17. Cu(N-N){sub 2}Cl{sub 2} and Cu(N-N-N)Cl{sub 2} and HgCl{sub 2} building blocks in the synthesis of coordination compounds-X-ray studies and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Machura, B.; Switlicka, A.; Nawrot, I.; Mrozinski, J.; Kruszynski, R.; Kusz, J.

    2010-09-15

    A series of complexes containing Cu(N-N){sub 2}Cl{sub 2} (N-N=bis(pyrazol-1-yl)methane (bpzm), bis(3,5dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)methane (bdmpzm), 2,2-dipyridylamine (dpa), 5,6-diphenyl-3-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-trazine (dppt) and 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy)), Cu(N-N-N)Cl{sub 2} (N-N-N=2,2':6',2''-terpyridine (terpy)) and HgCl{sub 2} building blocks have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Increase in structural dimensionality is observed for [Cu(bpzm){sub 2}][HgCl{sub 4}], [Cu(dpa){sub 2}][HgCl{sub 3}]{sub 2} and [Cu(terpy)({mu}-Cl)HgCl{sub 3}] compounds. No coordination polymers have formed in the case of bis(3,5dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)methane, 5,6-diphenyl-3-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-trazine and 2,2'-bipyridine. The [Cu(bpzm){sub 2}][HgCl{sub 4}] and [Cu(terpy)({mu}-Cl)HgCl{sub 3}] complexes have been studied by magnetic measurements. - Graphical abstract: N-N: bis(3,5dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)methane (bdmpzm), 2,2-dipyridylamine (dpa), 5,6-diphenyl-3-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-trazine (dppt) and 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy), 6',2''-terpyridine (terpy).

  18. Photoactive devices including porphyrinoids with coordinating additives

    DOEpatents

    Forrest, Stephen R; Zimmerman, Jeramy; Yu, Eric K; Thompson, Mark E; Trinh, Cong; Whited, Matthew; Diev, Vlacheslav

    2015-05-12

    Coordinating additives are included in porphyrinoid-based materials to promote intermolecular organization and improve one or more photoelectric characteristics of the materials. The coordinating additives are selected from fullerene compounds and organic compounds having free electron pairs. Combinations of different coordinating additives can be used to tailor the characteristic properties of such porphyrinoid-based materials, including porphyrin oligomers. Bidentate ligands are one type of coordinating additive that can form coordination bonds with a central metal ion of two different porphyrinoid compounds to promote porphyrinoid alignment and/or pi-stacking. The coordinating additives can shift the absorption spectrum of a photoactive material toward higher wavelengths, increase the external quantum efficiency of the material, or both.

  19. Dinitroso and polynitroso compounds

    PubMed Central

    Gowenlock, Brian G.; Richter-Addo, George B.

    2005-01-01

    The growing interest in the chemistry of C-nitroso compounds (RN=O; R = alkyl or aryl group) is due in part to the recognition of their participation in various metabolic processes of nitrogen-containing compounds. C-Nitroso compounds have a rich organic chemistry in their own right, displaying interesting intra- and intermolecular dimerization processes and addition reactions with unsaturated compounds. In addition, they have a fascinating coordination chemistry. While most of the attention has been directed towards C-nitroso compounds containing a single –NO moiety, there is an emerging area of research dealing with dinitroso and polynitroso compounds. In this critical review, we present and discuss the synthetic routes and properties of these relatively unexplored dinitroso and polynitroso compounds, and suggest areas of further development involving these compounds. (126 references.) PMID:16100619

  20. Syntheses and magnetostructural investigations on Kuratowski-type homo- and heteropentanuclear coordination compounds [MZn4Cl4(L)6] (M(II) = Zn, Fe, Co, Ni, or Cu; L = 5,6-dimethyl-1,2,3-benzotriazolate) represented by the nonplanar K(3,3) graph.

    PubMed

    Biswas, Shyam; Tonigold, Markus; Speldrich, Manfred; Kögerler, Paul; Weil, Matthias; Volkmer, Dirk

    2010-08-16

    Homo- and heteropentanuclear coordination compounds [MZn(4)Cl(4)(L)(6)] (M(II) = Zn, Fe, Co, Ni, or Cu; L = 5,6-dimethyl-1,2,3-benzotriazolate) were prepared containing mu(3)-bridging N-donor ligands (1,2,3-benzotriazolate), which are structurally related to the fundamental secondary building unit of Metal-organic Framework Ulm University-4 (MFU-4). The unique topology of these T(d)-symmetrical compounds is characterized by the nonplanar K(3,3) graph, introduced into graph theory by the mathematician Casimir Kuratowski in 1930. The following "Kuratowski-type" compounds were investigated by single-crystal X-ray structure analysis: [MZn(4)Cl(4)(Me(2)bta)(6)].2DMF (M(II) = Zn, Fe, Co, and Cu; DMF = N,N'-dimethylformamide) and [MZn(4)Cl(4)(Me(2)bta)(6)].2C(6)H(5)Br (M(II) = Co and Ni; C(6)H(5)Br = bromobenzene). The mu(3)-bridging benzotriazolate ligands span the edges of an imaginary tetrahedron, in the center of which a redox-active octahedrally coordinated M(II) ion is placed. Four Zn(II) ions are located at the corners of the coordination units. Each Zn center is bound to a monodentate Cl(-) anion and three N-donor atoms stemming from different benzotriazolate ligands. The fact that open-shell redox-active M(II) ions can be introduced selectively into the central octahedral coordination sites is unambiguously proven by a combination of magnetic measurements, UV-vis spectroscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry analysis. The phase purity of all compounds was checked by powder X-ray diffractometry, IR spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. The electronic spectra and magnetic properties of the compounds are in complete agreement with their structures determined from single-crystal data. Thermogravimetric analysis shows that all compounds possess a high thermal stability up to 673 K. The pentanuclear compounds retain their structural integrity in solution, as evidenced by time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis

  1. Crystal structure of [NaZn(BTC)(H2O)4]·1.5H2O (BTC = benzene-1,3,5-tri-carb-oxy-l-ate): a heterometallic coordination compound.

    PubMed

    Ni, Min; Li, Quanle; Chen, Hao; Li, Shengqing

    2015-07-01

    The title coordination polymer, poly[[μ-aqua-tri-aqua-(μ3-benzene-1,3,5-tri-carboxyl-ato)sodiumzinc] sesquihydrate], {[NaZn(C9H3O6)(H2O)4]·1.5H2O} n , was obtained in ionic liquid microemulsion at room temperture by the reaction of benzene-1,3,5-tri-carb-oxy-lic acid (H3BTC) with Zn(NO3)2·6H2O in the presence of NaOH. The asymmetric unit comprises two Na(+) ions (each located on an inversion centre), one Zn(2+) ion, one BTC ligand, four coordinating water mol-ecules and two solvent water molecules, one of which is disordered about an inversion centre and shows half-occupation. The Zn(2+) cation is five-coordinated by two carboxyl-ate O atoms from two different BTC ligands and three coordinating H2O mol-ecules; the Zn-O bond lengths are in the range 1.975 (2)-2.058 (3) Å. The Na(+) cations are six-coordinated but have different arrangements of the ligands: one is bound to two carboxyl-ate O atoms of two BTC ligands and four O atoms from four coordinating H2O mol-ecules while the other is bound by four carboxyl-ate O atoms from four BTC linkers and two O atoms of coordinating H2O mol-ecules. The completely deprotonated BTC ligand acts as a bridging ligand binding the Zn(2+) atom and Na(+) ions, forming a layered structure extending parallel to (100). An intricate network of O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds is present within and between the layers. PMID:26279893

  2. Crystal structure of [NaZn(BTC)(H2O)4]·1.5H2O (BTC = benzene-1,3,5-tri­carb­oxy­l­ate): a heterometallic coordination compound

    PubMed Central

    Ni, Min; Li, Quanle; Chen, Hao; Li, Shengqing

    2015-01-01

    The title coordination polymer, poly[[μ-aqua-tri­aqua­(μ3-benzene-1,3,5-tri­carboxyl­ato)sodiumzinc] sesquihydrate], {[NaZn(C9H3O6)(H2O)4]·1.5H2O}n, was obtained in ionic liquid microemulsion at room temperture by the reaction of benzene-1,3,5-tri­carb­oxy­lic acid (H3BTC) with Zn(NO3)2·6H2O in the presence of NaOH. The asymmetric unit comprises two Na+ ions (each located on an inversion centre), one Zn2+ ion, one BTC ligand, four coordinating water mol­ecules and two solvent water molecules, one of which is disordered about an inversion centre and shows half-occupation. The Zn2+ cation is five-coordinated by two carboxyl­ate O atoms from two different BTC ligands and three coordinating H2O mol­ecules; the Zn—O bond lengths are in the range 1.975 (2)–2.058 (3) Å. The Na+ cations are six-coordinated but have different arrangements of the ligands: one is bound to two carboxyl­ate O atoms of two BTC ligands and four O atoms from four coordinating H2O mol­ecules while the other is bound by four carboxyl­ate O atoms from four BTC linkers and two O atoms of coordinating H2O mol­ecules. The completely deprotonated BTC ligand acts as a bridging ligand binding the Zn2+ atom and Na+ ions, forming a layered structure extending parallel to (100). An intricate network of O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds is present within and between the layers. PMID:26279893

  3. Strategies, linkers and coordination polymers for high-performance sorbents

    DOEpatents

    Matzger, Adam J.; Wong-Foy, Antek G.; Lebel, Oliver

    2015-09-15

    A linking ligand compound includes three bidentate chemical moieties distributed about a central chemical moiety. Another linking ligand compound includes a bidentate linking ligand and a monodentate chemical moiety. Coordination polymers include a plurality of metal clusters linked together by residues of the linking ligand compounds.

  4. Movement and Coordination

    MedlinePlus

    ... will seem to be continually on the go—running, kicking, climbing, jumping. His attention span, which was ... his coordination. In the months ahead, your child’s running will become smoother and more coordinated. He’ll ...

  5. Processing Coordination Ambiguity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelhardt, Paul E.; Ferreira, Fernanda

    2010-01-01

    We examined temporarily ambiguous coordination structures such as "put the butter in the bowl and the pan on the towel." Minimal Attachment predicts that the ambiguous noun phrase "the pan" will be interpreted as a noun-phrase coordination structure because it is syntactically simpler than clausal coordination. Constraint-based theories assume…

  6. Analysis Coordinator Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nothnagel, A.

    2013-01-01

    We present the IVS analysis coordination issues of 2012. The IVS Analysis Coordinator is responsible for generating and disseminating the official IVS products. This requires consistency of the input data by strict adherence to models and conventions. The term of the current IVS Analysis Coordinator will end on February 28, 2013.

  7. Synthesis and crystal structures of mercury(II) and cadmium(II) coordination compounds using 4‧-(4-pyridyl)-2,2‧:6‧,2‧-terpyridine ligand and their thermolysis to nanometal oxides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mehrani, Azadeh; Morsali, Ali

    2014-09-01

    Two new complexes with the ligand 4‧-(4-pyridyl)-2,2‧:6‧,2‧-terpyridine (pyterpy), [Hg(pyterpy)2](ClO4)2 and [Cd(pyterpy)2](ClO4)2ṡH2O, have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and structurally analyzed by X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The single crystal X-ray analysis shows that the coordination number in these complexes is six and the “pyterpy” ligand acts as a tridentate donor. The thermolysis studies show that the calcination of [Cd(pyterpy)2](ClO4)2ṡH2O leads to formation of cadmium oxide nano-particles while the calcination of mercury(II) complex does not form HgO as mercury evaporated before getting oxide.

  8. Movement Coordination during Conversation

    PubMed Central

    Latif, Nida; Barbosa, Adriano V.; Vatiokiotis-Bateson, Eric; Castelhano, Monica S.; Munhall, K. G.

    2014-01-01

    Behavioral coordination and synchrony contribute to a common biological mechanism that maintains communication, cooperation and bonding within many social species, such as primates and birds. Similarly, human language and social systems may also be attuned to coordination to facilitate communication and the formation of relationships. Gross similarities in movement patterns and convergence in the acoustic properties of speech have already been demonstrated between interacting individuals. In the present studies, we investigated how coordinated movements contribute to observers’ perception of affiliation (friends vs. strangers) between two conversing individuals. We used novel computational methods to quantify motor coordination and demonstrated that individuals familiar with each other coordinated their movements more frequently. Observers used coordination to judge affiliation between conversing pairs but only when the perceptual stimuli were restricted to head and face regions. These results suggest that observed movement coordination in humans might contribute to perceptual decisions based on availability of information to perceivers. PMID:25119189

  9. Adventures in Coordinate Space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chambers, J. E.

    2003-08-01

    A variety of coordinate systems have been used to study the N-body problem for cases involving a dominant central mass. These include the traditional Keplerian orbital elements and the canonical Delaunay variables, which both incorporate conserved quantities of the two-body problem. Recently, Cartesian coordinate systems have returned to favour with the rise of mixed-variable symplectic integrators, since these coordinates prove to be more efficient than using orbital elements. Three sets of canonical Cartesian coordinates are well known, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Inertial coordinates (which include barycentric coordinates as a special case) are the simplest and easiest to implement. However, they suffer from the disadvantage that the motion of the central body must be calculated explicitly, leading to relatively large errors in general. Jacobi coordinates overcome this problem by replacing the coordinates and momenta of the central body with those of the system as a whole, so that momentum is conserved exactly. This leads to substantial improvements in accuracy, but has the disadvantage that every object is treated differently, and interactions between each pair of bodies are now expressed in a complicated manner involving the coordinates of many bodies. Canonical heliocentric coordinates (also known as democratic heliocentric coordinates) treat all bodies equally, and conserve the centre of mass motion, but at the cost of introducing momentum cross terms into the kinetic energy. This complicates the development of higher order symplectic integrators and symplectic correctors, as well as the development of methods used to resolve close encounters with the central body. Here I will re-examine the set of possible canonical Cartesian coordinate systems to determine if it is possible to (a) conserve the centre of mass motion, (b) treat all bodies equally, and (c) eliminate the momentum cross terms. I will demonstrate that this is indeed possible

  10. Syntheses and structures of two gold(I) coordination compounds derived from P-S hybrid ligands and their efficient catalytic performance in the photodegradation of nitroaromatics in water.

    PubMed

    Qi, Hai-Xiao; Wang, Jian-Feng; Ren, Zhi-Gang; Ning, Jin-Jiao; Lang, Jian-Ping

    2015-03-28

    Solvothermal reactions of HAuCl4·4H2O with a P-S hybrid ligand N,N-bis(diphenylphosphanylmethyl)-amino-thiocarbamide (dppatc) at 80 °C and 115 °C produced two Au-P-S complexes, [Au2(dppatc)2]Cl2 (1) and [Au2(dppmt)2]n (2) (dppmtH = (diphenylphosphino)methanethiol). 1 and 2 were characterized by elemental analyses, IR and UV-vis spectra, thermal-gravity analyses, powder X-ray diffraction and single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Compound 1 contains a dinuclear [Au2(dppatc)2](2+) dication, while 2 has a one-dimensional chain formed by AuAu aurophilic interactions. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited excellent catalytic activity toward the photodegradation of nitrobenzene, p-nitrophenol and 2,4-dinitrophenol in aqueous solutions. The degradation reactions followed the zero-order kinetic model, in which the three nitroaromatics could be converted into CO2 and H2O in 92-96% yields. PMID:25708322

  11. Explicitly computing geodetic coordinates from Cartesian coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Huaien

    2013-04-01

    This paper presents a new form of quartic equation based on Lagrange's extremum law and a Groebner basis under the constraint that the geodetic height is the shortest distance between a given point and the reference ellipsoid. A very explicit and concise formulae of the quartic equation by Ferrari's line is found, which avoids the need of a good starting guess for iterative methods. A new explicit algorithm is then proposed to compute geodetic coordinates from Cartesian coordinates. The convergence region of the algorithm is investigated and the corresponding correct solution is given. Lastly, the algorithm is validated with numerical experiments.

  12. Coordination-Cluster-Based Molecular Magnetic Refrigerants.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Shaowei; Cheng, Peng

    2016-08-01

    Coordination polymers serving as molecular magnetic refrigerants have been attracting great interest. In particular, coordination cluster compounds that demonstrate their apparent advantages on cryogenic magnetic refrigerants have attracted more attention in the last five years. Herein, we mainly focus on depicting aspects of syntheses, structures, and magnetothermal properties of coordination clusters that serve as magnetic refrigerants on account of the magnetocaloric effect. The documented molecular magnetic refrigerants are classified into two primary categories according to the types of metal centers, namely, homo- and heterometallic clusters. Every section is further divided into several subgroups based on the metal nuclearity and their dimensionalities, including discrete molecular clusters and those with extended structures constructed from molecular clusters. The objective is to present a rough overview of recent progress in coordination-cluster-based molecular magnetic refrigerants and provide a tutorial for researchers who are interested in the field. PMID:27381662

  13. Geometry optimization in redundant internal coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pulay, P.; Fogarasi, G.

    1992-02-01

    The gradient geometry-optimization procedure is reformulated in terms of redundant internal coordinates. By replacing the matrix inverse with the generalized inverse, the usual Newton-Raphson-type algorithms can be formulated in exactly the same way for redundant and nonredundant coordinates. Optimization in redundant coordinates is particularly useful for bridged polycyclic compounds and cage structures where it is difficult to define physically reasonable redundancy-free internal coordinates. This procedure, already used for the geometry optimization of porphine, C20N4H14, is illustrated here at the ab initio self-consistent-field level for the four-membered ring azetidine, for bicyclo[2.2.2]octane, and for the four-ring system C16O2H22, the skeleton of taxol.

  14. Asymptotes in Polar Coordinates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fay, Temple H.

    1986-01-01

    An old way to determine asymptotes for curves described in polar coordinates is presented. Practice in solving trigonometric equations, in differentiation, and in calculating limits is involved. (MNS)

  15. Self-assembly of highly luminescent heteronuclear coordination cages.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Andrea; Hollering, Manuela; Han, Jiaying; Casini, Angela; Kühn, Fritz E

    2016-08-01

    Exo-functionalized Pd2L4 cage compounds with attached Ru(ii) pyridine complexes were prepared via coordination-driven self-assembly. Unlike most of the previously reported palladium(ii) cages, one of these metallocages exhibits an exceptionally high quantum yield of 66%. The presented approach is promising to obtain luminescent coordination complexes for various applications. PMID:27436541

  16. Recent advances in nanoparticle carriers for coordination complexes.

    PubMed

    Sato, Mariana Rillo; da Silva, Patricia Bento; de Souza, Rodrigo Alves; dos Santos, Karen Cristina; Chorilli, Marlus

    2015-01-01

    Coordination compounds are substances in which a central metal atom is bonded to nonmetal atoms, or groups of atoms, called ligands. Examples include vitamin B12, hemoglobin, chlorophyll, dyes and pigments, as well as catalysts used in organic synthesis. Coordination compounds have received much attention in recent years. This interest was prompted by the discovery that several coordination compounds exhibit activity against bacteria, fungi and cancer. Some coordination compounds are not in clinical use, because of poor water solubility. Because they are unable to cross the lipid membranes of cells, bioavailability and efficacy are low. Some researchers have applied nanotechnology to coordination compounds, hoping to reduce the number of doses required and the severity of side effects, and also to improve biological activity. Nanotechnology can deliver active components in sufficient concentrations throughout treatment, guiding it to the desired location of action; conventional treatments do not meet these requirements. In this study we review some drug delivery systems based on nanotechnology, such as microemulsions (MEs), cyclodextrin (CD), polymeric nanoparticles (PN), solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs), nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs), magnetic and gold nanoparticles (MNPs / AuNPs) and liquid crystalline systems (LC), and coordination compounds. PMID:25579344

  17. Social Postural Coordination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varlet, Manuel; Marin, Ludovic; Lagarde, Julien; Bardy, Benoit G.

    2011-01-01

    The goal of the current study was to investigate whether a visual coupling between two people can produce spontaneous interpersonal postural coordination and change their intrapersonal postural coordination involved in the control of stance. We examined the front-to-back head displacements of participants and the angular motion of their hip and…

  18. IVS Technology Coordinator Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whitney, Alan

    2013-01-01

    This report of the Technology Coordinator includes the following: 1) continued work to implement the new VLBI2010 system, 2) the 1st International VLBI Technology Workshop, 3) a VLBI Digital- Backend Intercomparison Workshop, 4) DiFX software correlator development for geodetic VLBI, 5) a review of progress towards global VLBI standards, and 6) a welcome to new IVS Technology Coordinator Bill Petrachenko.

  19. Team coordination dynamics.

    PubMed

    Gorman, Jamie C; Amazeen, Polemnia G; Cooke, Nancy J

    2010-07-01

    Team coordination consists of both the dynamics of team member interaction and the environmental dynamics to which a team is subjected. Focusing on dynamics, an approach is developed that contrasts with traditional aggregate-static concepts of team coordination as characterized by the shared mental model approach. A team coordination order parameter was developed to capture momentary fluctuations in coordination. Team coordination was observed in three-person uninhabited air vehicle teams across two experimental sessions. The dynamics of the order parameter were observed under changes of a team familiarity control parameter. Team members returned for the second session to either the same (Intact) or different (Mixed) team. 'Roadblock' perturbations, or novel changes in the task environment, were introduced in order to probe the stability of team coordination. Nonlinear dynamic methods revealed differences that a traditional approach did not: Intact and Mixed team coordination dynamics looked very different; Mixed teams were more stable than Intact teams and explored the space of solutions without the need for correction. Stability was positively correlated with the number of roadblock perturbations that were overcome successfully. The novel and non-intuitive contribution of a dynamical analysis was that Mixed teams, who did not have a long history working together, were more adaptive. Team coordination dynamics carries new implications for traditional problems such as training adaptive teams. PMID:20587302

  20. 6. Coordination and control.

    PubMed

    2014-05-01

    Any complex operation requires a system for management. In most societies, disaster management is the responsibility of the government. Coordination and control is a system that provides the oversight for all of the disaster management functions. The roles and responsibilities of a coordination and control centre include: (1) planning; (2) maintenance of inventories; (3) activation of the disaster response plan; (4) application of indicators of function; (5) surveillance; (6) information management; (7) coordination of activities of the BSFs; (8) decision-making; (9) priority setting; (10) defining overarching goal and objectives for interventions; (11) applying indicators of effectiveness; (12) applying indicators of benefit and impact; (13) exercising authority; (14) managing resources; (15) initiating actions; (16) preventing influx of unneeded resources; (17) defining progress; (18) providing information; (19) liasing with responding organisations; and (20) providing quality assurance. Coordination and control is impossible without communications. To accomplish coordination and control, three factors must be present: (1) mandate; (2) power and authority; and (3) available resources. Coordination and control is responsible for the evaluation of the effectiveness and benefits/impacts of all interventions. Coordination and control centres (CCCs) are organised hierarchically from the on-scene CCCs (incident command) to local provincial to national CCCs. Currently, no comprehensive regional and international CCCs have been universally endorsed. Systems such as the incident command system, the unified command system, and the hospital incident command system are described as are the humanitarian reform movement and the importance of coordination and control in disaster planning and preparedness. PMID:24785803

  1. Compound matrices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kravvaritis, Christos; Mitrouli, Marilena

    2009-02-01

    This paper studies the possibility to calculate efficiently compounds of real matrices which have a special form or structure. The usefulness of such an effort lies in the fact that the computation of compound matrices, which is generally noneffective due to its high complexity, is encountered in several applications. A new approach for computing the Singular Value Decompositions (SVD's) of the compounds of a matrix is proposed by establishing the equality (up to a permutation) between the compounds of the SVD of a matrix and the SVD's of the compounds of the matrix. The superiority of the new idea over the standard method is demonstrated. Similar approaches with some limitations can be adopted for other matrix factorizations, too. Furthermore, formulas for the n - 1 compounds of Hadamard matrices are derived, which dodge the strenuous computations of the respective numerous large determinants. Finally, a combinatorial counting technique for finding the compounds of diagonal matrices is illustrated.

  2. Coordination sequences and coordination waves in matter

    SciTech Connect

    Rau, V. G. Pugaev, A. A.; Rau, T. F.

    2006-01-15

    A possible way of partitioning a space into polycubes (n-dimensional modifications of Golomb polyominoes, which are generally nonconvex) is used as a basic model of ordered matter structure. It is suggested that layer-by-layer growth of a structure, occurring along the geodetics of the digraph of a net defined by the local rules of bonding of polycubes, justifies the phenomenological laws of shaping (self-similarity during the growth, independence of the polyhedron shape on the 'seed,' the symmetry of the growth polyhedron, etc.). Specific results of the analysis of number sequences of the increase in coordination circles for planar periodic partitions of model and real crystal structures, as well as the preliminary results of investigation of standing coordination topological waves, revealed for the first time in computer experiments, are reported.

  3. Layered structures and nanosheets of pyrimidinethiolate coordination polymers.

    PubMed

    Beldon, P J; Tominaka, S; Singh, P; Saha Dasgupta, T; Bithell, E G; Cheetham, A K

    2014-04-18

    We report the synthesis, crystal structure and exfoliation of a new member of an important family of layered compounds: lamellar pyrimidinethiolate coordination polymers. Conductivity measurements and DFT calculations of iron(II) pyrimidine-2-thiolate show that this material and a related compound are insulators. PMID:24599380

  4. Valence, Covalence, Hypervalence, Oxidation State, and Coordination Number

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Derek W.

    2005-01-01

    Valence as a numerical measure of an atom's combining power, expressed by the number of bonds it forms in a molecular formulation of the compound in question, was unable to cope with coordination compounds. The covalence of an atom is the nearest model equivalent, but is subject to ambiguity since it often depends on which bonding model is being…

  5. Developmental coordination disorder

    MedlinePlus

    Physical causes and other types of learning disabilities must be ruled out before the diagnosis can be confirmed. ... Developmental coordination disorder can lead to: Learning problems ... wanting to participate in physical activities (such as sports)

  6. Developmental coordination disorder

    MedlinePlus

    Physical education and perceptual motor training (combining movement with tasks that require thinking, like math or reading) are the best ways to treat coordination disorder. Using a computer to take ...

  7. Luminescent lanthanide coordination polymers

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, L.; Evans, O.R.; Foxman, B.M.; Lin, W.

    1999-12-13

    One-dimensional lanthanide coordination polymers with the formula Ln(isonicotinate){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} (Ln = Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb; 1a-f) were synthesized by treating nitrate or perchlorate salts of Ln(III) with 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde under hydro(solvo)thermal conditions. Single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction studies indicate that these lanthanide coordination polymers adopt two different structures. While Ce(III), Pr(III), and Nd(III) complexes adopt a chain structure with alternating Ln-(carboxylate){sub 2}-Ln and Ln-(carboxylate){sub 4}-Ln linkages, Sm(III), Eu(III), and Tb(III) complexes have a doubly carboxylate-bridged infinite-chain structure with one chelating carboxylate group on each metal center. In both structures, the lanthanide centers also bind to two water molecules to yield an eight-coordinate, square antiprismatic geometry. The pyridine nitrogen atoms of the isonicotinate groups do not coordinate to the metal centers in these lanthanide(III) complexes; instead, they direct the formation of Ln(III) coordination polymers via hydrogen bonding with coordinated water molecules. Photoluminescence measurements show that Tb(isonicotinate){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} is highly emissive at room temperature with a quantum yield of {approximately}90%. These results indicate that highly luminescent lanthanide coordination polymers can be assembled using a combination of coordination and hydrogen bonds. Crystal data for 1a: monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c, a = 9.712(2) {angstrom}, b = 19.833(4) {angstrom}, c = 11.616(2) {angstrom}, {beta} = 111.89(3){degree}, Z = 4. Crystal data for 1f: monoclinic space group C2/c, a = 20.253(4) {angstrom}, b = 11.584(2) {angstrom}, c = 9.839(2) {angstrom}, {beta} = 115.64(3){degree}, Z = 8.

  8. Continuous parallel coordinates.

    PubMed

    Heinrich, Julian; Weiskopf, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Typical scientific data is represented on a grid with appropriate interpolation or approximation schemes,defined on a continuous domain. The visualization of such data in parallel coordinates may reveal patterns latently contained in the data and thus can improve the understanding of multidimensional relations. In this paper, we adopt the concept of continuous scatterplots for the visualization of spatially continuous input data to derive a density model for parallel coordinates. Based on the point-line duality between scatterplots and parallel coordinates, we propose a mathematical model that maps density from a continuous scatterplot to parallel coordinates and present different algorithms for both numerical and analytical computation of the resulting density field. In addition, we show how the 2-D model can be used to successively construct continuous parallel coordinates with an arbitrary number of dimensions. Since continuous parallel coordinates interpolate data values within grid cells, a scalable and dense visualization is achieved, which will be demonstrated for typical multi-variate scientific data. PMID:19834230

  9. Magnetic Coordinate Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laundal, K. M.; Richmond, A. D.

    2016-07-01

    Geospace phenomena such as the aurora, plasma motion, ionospheric currents and associated magnetic field disturbances are highly organized by Earth's main magnetic field. This is due to the fact that the charged particles that comprise space plasma can move almost freely along magnetic field lines, but not across them. For this reason it is sensible to present such phenomena relative to Earth's magnetic field. A large variety of magnetic coordinate systems exist, designed for different purposes and regions, ranging from the magnetopause to the ionosphere. In this paper we review the most common magnetic coordinate systems and describe how they are defined, where they are used, and how to convert between them. The definitions are presented based on the spherical harmonic expansion coefficients of the International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF) and, in some of the coordinate systems, the position of the Sun which we show how to calculate from the time and date. The most detailed coordinate systems take the full IGRF into account and define magnetic latitude and longitude such that they are constant along field lines. These coordinate systems, which are useful at ionospheric altitudes, are non-orthogonal. We show how to handle vectors and vector calculus in such coordinates, and discuss how systematic errors may appear if this is not done correctly.

  10. The synthesis and characterization of new iron coordination complexes utilizing an asymmetric coordinating chelate ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Watkins, B.E.; Satcher, J.H.

    1995-07-01

    A binuclear, unsymmetric coordinating ligand that is an effective metal chelator has been designed and synthesized. The new ligand has been shown to react readily with iron(II)/(III) forming a variety of coordination complexes. The binuclear complexes are of significant interest since they represent proof-of-principle for the development of coordinatively asymmetric, binuclear metal chelate compounds. Although this structural type of chelator now appears to be common in biological systems, it has not been previously described for inorganic coordination chemistry. The isolation of oxidation products will be helpful in establishing reaction mechanism(s) of these complexes with molecular oxygen. It is expected that this ligand and derivatives of it will play an important role in the development of bioinorganic complexes that aim to mimic enzyme active sites that function by substrate interaction at only one metal site of a multimetal active site.

  11. Polybenzimidazole compounds

    DOEpatents

    Klaehn, John R.; Peterson, Eric S.; Wertsching, Alan K.; Orme, Christopher J.; Luther, Thomas A.; Jones, Michael G.

    2010-08-10

    A PBI compound that includes imidazole nitrogens, at least a portion of which are substituted with an organic-inorganic hybrid moiety. At least 85% of the imidazole nitrogens may be substituted. The organic-inorganic hybrid moiety may be an organosilane moiety, for example, (R)Me.sub.2SiCH.sub.2--, where R is selected from among methyl, phenyl, vinyl, and allyl. The PBI compound may exhibit similar thermal properties in comparison to the unsubstituted PBI. The PBI compound may exhibit a solubility in an organic solvent greater than the solubility of the unsubstituted PBI. The PBI compound may be included in separatory media. A substituted PBI synthesis method may include providing a parent PBI in a less than 5 wt % solvent solution. Substituting may occur at about room temperature and/or at about atmospheric pressure. Substituting may use at least five equivalents in relation to the imidazole nitrogens to be substituted or, preferably, about fifteen equivalents.

  12. On projective coordinate spaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ćiftçi, Süleyman; Erdoǧan, Fatma Özen

    2015-09-01

    In the present study, an (n+1)-dimensional module over the local ring K = Mmm(ℝ) is constructed. Further, an n- dimensional projective coordinate space over this module is constructed by the help of equivalence classes. The points and lines of this space are determined and the points are classified. Finally, for a 3-dimensional projective coordinate space, the incidence matrix for a line that goes through the given points and also all points of a line given with the incidence matrix are found by the use of Maple commands.

  13. Coordinate Standard Measurement Development

    SciTech Connect

    Hanshaw, R.A.

    2000-02-18

    A Shelton Precision Interferometer Base, which is used for calibration of coordinate standards, was improved through hardware replacement, software geometry error correction, and reduction of vibration effects. Substantial increases in resolution and reliability, as well as reduction in sampling time, were achieved through hardware replacement; vibration effects were reduced substantially through modification of the machine component dampening and software routines; and the majority of the machine's geometry error was corrected through software geometry error correction. Because of these modifications, the uncertainty of coordinate standards calibrated on this device has been reduced dramatically.

  14. Coordination and citizen participation.

    PubMed

    Tucker, D J

    1980-03-01

    This study investigates the validity of the assumption that coordination and citizen participation are related inversely and, thus, are incompatible as features in the same social service reform strategy. Seventeen social service organizations situated in the same urban area were studied. Data were obtained by structured interview. The concepts of coordination and citizen participation were operationalized by means of scales. The findings support the validity of the assumption noted above. Although interpretations of the findings can be provided, they are post-factum. This implies a need for explanatory research which might be guided by theories of community power structure and of organizational behavior. PMID:10246483

  15. Drawing Mononuclear Octahedral Coordination Compounds Containing Tridentate Chelating Ligands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohamadou, Aminou; Ple, Karen; Haudrechy, Arnaud

    2011-01-01

    Complexes with tridentate ligands of the type [M(A-B-C)2], where A [not equal to] B [not equal to] C and with an imposed bonding sequence A-B-C, require special attention to draw all possible stereoisomers. Depending on the nature of the central donor atom B of the tridentate ligand, an easy drawing method is presented that shows seven chiral…

  16. COORDINATION COMPOUND-SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESS FOR URANIUM RECOVERY

    DOEpatents

    Reas, W.H.

    1959-03-10

    A method is presented for the separation of uranium from aqueous solutions containing a uranyl salt and thorium. Thc separation is effected by adding to such solutions an organic complexing agent, and then contacting the solution with an organic solvent in which the organic complexing agent is soluble. By use of the proper complexing agent in the proper concentrations uranium will be complexed and subsequently removed in the organic solvent phase, while the thorium remains in the aqueous phase. Mentioned as suitable organic complexing agents are antipyrine, bromoantipyrine, and pyramidon.

  17. Profiling Computing Coordinators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Sigrid; Morton, Allan

    The people responsible for managing school computing resources in Australia have become known as Computing Coordinators. To date there has been no large systematic study of the role, responsibilities and characteristics of this position. This paper represents a first attempt to provide information on the functions and attributes of the Computing…

  18. Coordination of hand shape.

    PubMed

    Pesyna, Colin; Pundi, Krishna; Flanders, Martha

    2011-03-01

    The neural control of hand movement involves coordination of the sensory, motor, and memory systems. Recent studies have documented the motor coordinates for hand shape, but less is known about the corresponding patterns of somatosensory activity. To initiate this line of investigation, the present study characterized the sense of hand shape by evaluating the influence of differences in the amount of grasping or twisting force, and differences in forearm orientation. Human subjects were asked to use the left hand to report the perceived shape of the right hand. In the first experiment, six commonly grasped items were arranged on the table in front of the subject: bottle, doorknob, egg, notebook, carton, and pan. With eyes closed, subjects used the right hand to lightly touch, forcefully support, or imagine holding each object, while 15 joint angles were measured in each hand with a pair of wired gloves. The forces introduced by supporting or twisting did not influence the perceptual report of hand shape, but for most objects, the report was distorted in a consistent manner by differences in forearm orientation. Subjects appeared to adjust the intrinsic joint angles of the left hand, as well as the left wrist posture, so as to maintain the imagined object in its proper spatial orientation. In a second experiment, this result was largely replicated with unfamiliar objects. Thus, somatosensory and motor information appear to be coordinated in an object-based, spatial-coordinate system, sensitive to orientation relative to gravitational forces, but invariant to grasp forcefulness. PMID:21389230

  19. Cooperative Education Coordinator's Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worley, Tom

    Designed to serve as a guide for teacher-coordinators, counselors, administrators, and the employing community, this handbook is a performance-oriented desk reference that provides a base for cooperative education program operations. Chapter 1 overviews cooperative education, contrasts cooperative training and work experience programs, and…

  20. Block coordination copolymers

    DOEpatents

    Koh, Kyoung Moo; Wong-Foy, Antek G.; Matzger, Adam J.; Benin, Annabelle I.; Willis, Richard R.

    2012-12-04

    The present invention provides compositions of crystalline coordination copolymers wherein multiple organic molecules are assembled to produce porous framework materials with layered or core-shell structures. These materials are synthesized by sequential growth techniques such as the seed growth technique. In addition, the invention provides a simple procedure for controlling functionality.

  1. Block coordination copolymers

    DOEpatents

    Koh, Kyoung Moo; Wong-Foy, Antek G; Matzger, Adam J; Benin, Annabelle I; Willis, Richard R

    2012-11-13

    The present invention provides compositions of crystalline coordination copolymers wherein multiple organic molecules are assembled to produce porous framework materials with layered or core-shell structures. These materials are synthesized by sequential growth techniques such as the seed growth technique. In addition, the invention provides a simple procedure for controlling functionality.

  2. Block coordination copolymers

    DOEpatents

    Koh, Kyoung Moo; Wong-Foy, Antek G; Matzger, Adam J; Benin, Annabelle I; Willis, Richard R

    2014-11-11

    The present invention provides compositions of crystalline coordination copolymers wherein multiple organic molecules are assembled to produce porous framework materials with layered or core-shell structures. These materials are synthesized by sequential growth techniques such as the seed growth technique. In addition, the invention provides a simple procedure for controlling functionality.

  3. Origins of Coordinate Searching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilgour, Frederick G.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews the origins of post-coordinate searching and emphasizes that the focal point should be on the searcher, not on the item being indexed. Highlights include the history of the term information retrieval; edge notched punch cards; the "peek-a-boo" system; the Uniterm system; and using computers to search for information. (LRW)

  4. Manual for Youth Coordinators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    President's Council on Youth Opportunity, Washington, DC.

    This manual was designed primarily for use by coordinators responsible for developing comprehensive community youth opportunity programs of employment, education, and recreation, but the material may also be of assistance to community and business leaders, educators, and others involved in expanding local opportunities for young people. Contents…

  5. Tokamak coordinate conventions: COCOS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sauter, O.; Medvedev, S. Yu.

    2013-02-01

    Dealing with electromagnetic fields, in particular current and related magnetic fields, yields "natural" physical vector relations in 3-D. However, when it comes to choosing local coordinate systems, the "usual" right-handed systems are not necessarily the best choices, which means that there are several options being chosen. In the magnetic fusion community such a difficulty exists for the choices of the cylindrical and of the toroidal coordinate systems. In addition many codes depend on knowledge of an equilibrium. In particular, the Grad-Shafranov axisymmetric equilibrium solution for tokamak plasmas, ψ, does not depend on the sign of the plasma current Ip nor that of the magnetic field B0. This often results in ill-defined conventions. Moreover the sign, amplitude and offset of ψ are of less importance, since the free sources in the equation depend on the normalized radial coordinate. The signs of the free sources, dp/dψ and dF2/dψ (p being the pressure, ψ the poloidal magnetic flux and F=RBφ), must be consistent to generate the current density profile. For example, RF and CD calculations (Radio Frequency heating and Current Drive) require an exact sign convention in order to calculate a co- or counter-CD component. It is shown that there are over 16 different coordinate conventions. This paper proposes a unique identifier, the COCOS convention, to distinguish between the 16 most-commonly used options. Given the present worldwide efforts towards code integration, the proposed new index COCOS defining uniquely the COordinate COnventionS required as input by a given code or module is particularly useful. As codes use different conventions, it is useful to allow different sign conventions for equilibrium code input and output, equilibrium being at the core of any calculations in magnetic fusion. Additionally, given two different COCOS conventions, it becomes simple to transform between them. The relevant transformations are described in detail.

  6. Multipurpose Compound

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    Specially formulated derivatives of an unusual basic compound known as Alcide may be the answer to effective treatment and prevention of the disease bovine mastitis, a bacterial inflammation of a cow's mammary gland that results in loss of milk production and in extreme cases, death. Manufactured by Alcide Corporation the Alcide compound has killed all tested bacteria, virus and fungi, shortly after contact, with minimal toxic effects on humans or animals. Alcide Corporation credits the existence of the mastitis treatment/prevention products to assistance provided the company by NERAC, Inc.

  7. Coordination chemistry of Si5Cl10 with organocyanides.

    PubMed

    Dai, Xuliang; Anderson, Kenneth J; Schulz, Douglas L; Boudjouk, Philip

    2010-12-14

    Organocyanides readily coordinate to decachlorocyclopentasilane (Si(5)Cl(10)) to form "inverse sandwich" compounds 1-3 with a planar Si(5) ring. The products were isolated in high yield and fully characterized by elemental analysis, multinuclear NMR, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. While the spectroscopic data suggests the presence of a fairly weak interaction between the Si(5) ring and the coordinative organocyanide ligands, single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of compound 1 and 2 show μ(5)-coordination of the apical cyano nitrogen atoms to the silicon atoms in the Si(5) ring. Distances between silicon atoms and nitrogen atoms are significantly shorter than a Si-N van der Waals bond but longer than the sum of their covalent radii. Multiple interactions between the cyano groups and equatorial Cl atoms, and intermolecular interactions were observed in the solid state for both compounds 1 and 2. PMID:20967378

  8. Electronegativity and hardness as coordinates in structure stability diagrams.

    PubMed Central

    Shankar, S; Parr, R G

    1985-01-01

    With electronegativity and hardness of an atom defined as 1/2(I + A) and 1/2(I - A), respectively, where I and A are the ionization potential and electron affinity, electronegativity difference and hardness sum are proposed as coordinates in structure stability diagrams. With these coordinates a successful topological classification of the crystal structures of octet and suboctet binary compounds is obtained, and a clear delineation of the structural classes portraying chemical periodicity is found. PMID:3855552

  9. Magnesium compounds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kramer, D.A.

    2001-01-01

    Seawater and natural brines accounted for about 63% of US magnesium compounds production during 2000. Premier Services in Florida, Dow Chemical in Michigan, Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties, and Rohm & Haas recovered dead-burned and caustic-calcined magnesias from seawater. And Premier Services' recoveries, in Nevada, were from magnasite.

  10. Principles of Coordination Polymerisation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuran, Witold

    2001-11-01

    The first all-inclusive text covering coordination polymerisation, including important classes of non-hydrocarbon monomers. Charting the achievements and progress in the field, in terms of both basic and industrial research, this book offers a unified and complete overview of coordination polymerisation. Provides detailed description of the historical development of the subject Presents a unified view of catalysis, mechanisms, structures and utility Encourages learning through a step-by-step progression from basic to in-depth text Features end-of-chapter exercises to reinforce understanding Offers a full bibliography and comprehensive literature review Requisite reading for research students studying introductory and advanced courses in; polymer science, catalysis and polymerisation catalysis, and valuable reference for researchers and technicians in industry.

  11. Hipparchus' coordinate system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duke, Dennis W.

    2002-07-01

    In his "Histoire de l'Astronomie Ancienne" Delambre concludes unequivocally that Hipparchus knew and used a definite system of celestial spherical coordinates, namely the right ascension and declination system that we use today. The basis of Delambre's conclusion was disarmingly simple: he pointed out that in the "Commentary to Aratus" Hipparchus actually quotes the positions of numerous stars directly in right ascension and declination (or more often its complement, polar distance). Nearly two centuries later, in his "A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy", Neugebauer not only completely ignores Delambre's conclusion on this issue, but goes further to propose his own, as we shall see quite fanciful, theory that begins "From the Commentary to Aratus, it is quite obvious that at Hipparchus' time a definite system of spherical coordinates for stellar positions did not yet exist." and concludes "...nowhere in Greek astronomy before the catalogue of stars in the Almagest is it attested that orthogonal spherical coordinates are used to determine stellar positions." Today it is clear that Neugebauer's theory is conventionally accepted. It is the purpose of this paper to offer fresh arguments that Delambre was correct.

  12. Universal mechatronics coordinator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muir, Patrick F.

    1999-11-01

    Mechatronic systems incorporate multiple actuators and sensor which must be properly coordinated to achieve the desired system functionality. Many mechatronic systems are designed as one-of-a-kind custom projects without consideration for facilitating future system or alterations and extensions to the current syste. Thus, subsequent changes to the system are slow, different, and costly. It has become apparent that manufacturing processes, and thus the mechatronics which embody them, need to be agile in order to more quickly and easily respond to changing customer demands or market pressures. To achieve agility, both the hardware and software of the system need to be designed such that the creation of new system and the alteration and extension of current system is fast and easy. This paper describes the design of a Universal Mechatronics Coordinator (UMC) which facilitates agile setup and changeover of coordination software for mechatronic systems. The UMC is capable of sequencing continuous and discrete actions that are programmed as stimulus-response pairs, as state machines, or a combination of the two. It facilitates the modular, reusable programing of continuous actions such as servo control algorithms, data collection code, and safety checking routines; and discrete actions such as reporting achieved states, and turning on/off binary devices. The UMC has been applied to the control of a z- theta assembly robot for the Minifactory project and is applicable to a spectrum of widely differing mechatronic systems.

  13. Coordinating Shared Activities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clement, Bradley

    2004-01-01

    Shared Activity Coordination (ShAC) is a computer program for planning and scheduling the activities of an autonomous team of interacting spacecraft and exploratory robots. ShAC could also be adapted to such terrestrial uses as helping multiple factory managers work toward competing goals while sharing such common resources as floor space, raw materials, and transports. ShAC iteratively invokes the Continuous Activity Scheduling Planning Execution and Replanning (CASPER) program to replan and propagate changes to other planning programs in an effort to resolve conflicts. A domain-expert specifies which activities and parameters thereof are shared and reports the expected conditions and effects of these activities on the environment. By specifying these conditions and effects differently for each planning program, the domain-expert subprogram defines roles that each spacecraft plays in a coordinated activity. The domain-expert subprogram also specifies which planning program has scheduling control over each shared activity. ShAC enables sharing of information, consensus over the scheduling of collaborative activities, and distributed conflict resolution. As the other planning programs incorporate new goals and alter their schedules in the changing environment, ShAC continually coordinates to respond to unexpected events.

  14. Linkage isomerism in coordination polymers.

    PubMed

    Benmansour, Samia; Setifi, Fatima; Triki, Smail; Gómez-García, Carlos J

    2012-02-20

    The use of the recently prepared polynitrile ligand tcnopr3OH(-) ([(NC)(2)CC(OCH(2)CH(2)CH(2)OH)C(CN)(2)](-)) with different salts of Fe(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) has led to a very rare example of linkage isomerism in a coordination chain. These pairs of linkage isomers can be formulated as [M(tcnopr3OH-κN,κO)(2)(H(2)O)(2)]; M = Fe (1), Co (3), and Ni(5) and [M(tcnopr3OH-κN,κN')(2)(H(2)O)(2)]; M = Fe (2), Co (4), and Ni (6). Compounds 1-2, 3-4, and 5-6 are three pairs of linkage isomers since they present the same formula and chain structure and they only differ in the connectivity of the polynitrile ligand bridging the metal ions in the chain: through a N and an O atom (1κN:2κO-isomer) or through two N atoms (1κN:2κN'-isomer). The magnetic properties show, as expected, very similar behaviors for both isomers. PMID:22296602

  15. Coordinated defence and the liver.

    PubMed

    Elias, Elwyn; Mills, Charles O

    2007-04-01

    The liver is strategically placed to protect the body against a vast array of potentially harmful compounds. The steps involved include phase I metabolism which makes molecules more reactive and phase II reactions which generally enhance solubility in bile or urine. Recent discoveries have shown how regulation of these reactions is also closely allied to expression of membrane transporters which excrete the products of biotransformation into bile and prevent their reabsorption via the intestine. The coordinated activity of these various functions is orchestrated by orphan nuclear receptors which, in response to an encounter with a potential toxin, are able to induce expression of the genes involved in its biotransformation and excretion. Lithocholic acid (LCA) is routinely produced in our intestine by bacterial deconjugation of chenodeoxycholic acid a major bile acid in humans. In human liver the presence of LCA is sensed by the pregnane X receptor (PXR) which has the potential to switch on all the genes required for safe metabolism and elimination of LCA from the body. These include cytochrome P450 3A which hydroxylates LCA to more soluble forms and sulfotransferase (SULT2A1) which by sulphation of LCA makes it more readily solublein bile and enhances its faecal excretion. Similarly, PXR exposure to LCA produces up-regulated expression of the membrane transporters MDR1 and MRP2 which excrete metabolites of LCA. Evidence is accumulating in support of the hypothesis that deficiencies in these defence mechanisms underlie susceptibility to primary sclerosing cholangitis and ulcerative colitis. PMID:17491508

  16. Magnesium compounds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kramer, D.A.

    2003-01-01

    Seawater and natural brines accounted for about 60 percent of U.S. magnesium compounds production during 2002. Dead-burned and caustic-calcined magnesias were recovered from seawater by Premier Chemicals in Florida. They were also recovered from well brines in Michigan by Dow Chemical, Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties and Rohm & Haas. And they were recovered from magnesite in Nevada by Premier Chemicals.

  17. Magnesium compounds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kramer, D.A.

    2006-01-01

    In 2005, seawater and natural brines accounted for 51% of US magnesium compounds production. World magnesia production was estimated to be 14.5 Mt. Most of the production came from China, North Korea, Russia and Turkey. Although no specific production figures are available, Japan and the United States are estimated to account for almost one-half of the world's capacity from seawater and brines.

  18. Multipole Structure and Coordinate Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burko, Lior M.

    2007-01-01

    Multipole expansions depend on the coordinate system, so that coefficients of multipole moments can be set equal to zero by an appropriate choice of coordinates. Therefore, it is meaningless to say that a physical system has a nonvanishing quadrupole moment, say, without specifying which coordinate system is used. (Except if this moment is the…

  19. Work Coordination Engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zendejas, Silvino; Bui, Tung; Bui, Bach; Malhotra, Shantanu; Chen, Fannie; Kim, Rachel; Allen, Christopher; Luong, Ivy; Chang, George; Sadaqathulla, Syed

    2009-01-01

    The Work Coordination Engine (WCE) is a Java application integrated into the Service Management Database (SMDB), which coordinates the dispatching and monitoring of a work order system. WCE de-queues work orders from SMDB and orchestrates the dispatching of work to a registered set of software worker applications distributed over a set of local, or remote, heterogeneous computing systems. WCE monitors the execution of work orders once dispatched, and accepts the results of the work order by storing to the SMDB persistent store. The software leverages the use of a relational database, Java Messaging System (JMS), and Web Services using Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) technologies to implement an efficient work-order dispatching mechanism capable of coordinating the work of multiple computer servers on various platforms working concurrently on different, or similar, types of data or algorithmic processing. Existing (legacy) applications can be wrapped with a proxy object so that no changes to the application are needed to make them available for integration into the work order system as "workers." WCE automatically reschedules work orders that fail to be executed by one server to a different server if available. From initiation to completion, the system manages the execution state of work orders and workers via a well-defined set of events, states, and actions. It allows for configurable work-order execution timeouts by work-order type. This innovation eliminates a current processing bottleneck by providing a highly scalable, distributed work-order system used to quickly generate products needed by the Deep Space Network (DSN) to support space flight operations. WCE is driven by asynchronous messages delivered via JMS indicating the availability of new work or workers. It runs completely unattended in support of the lights-out operations concept in the DSN.

  20. Test reactor irradiation coordination

    SciTech Connect

    Heartherly, D.W.; Siman Tov, I.I.; Sparks, D.W.

    1995-10-01

    This task was established to supply and coordinate irradiation services needed by NRC contractors other than ORNL. These services include the design and assembly of irradiation capsules as well as arranging for their exposure, disassembly, and return of specimens. During this period, the final design of the facility and specimen baskets was determined through an iterative process involving the designers and thermal analysts. The resulting design should permit the irradiation of all test specimens to within 5{degrees}C of their desired temperature. Detailing of all parts is ongoing and should be completed during the next reporting period. Procurement of the facility will also be initiated during the next review period.

  1. New 4,5-dichlorophthalhydrazidate-bridged chained coordination polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Juan; Wu, Di; Jia, Ming-Jun; Peng, Yu; Yu, Jie-Hui; Wang, Yu-Chang; Xu, Ji-Qing

    2011-03-01

    The hydrothermal self-assemblies of Pb 2+/Cd 2+ salt, 4,5-dichlorophthalic acid (dcpha), N 2H 4·H 2O together with 1,10-phenanthroline·H 2O (phen) or 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) generated two new monoacylhydrazidate-bridged 1-D chained coordination polymers [Pb 2(DCPTH) 4(phen) 2] 1 and [Cd 3(DCPTH) 2(dcph) 2(bpy) 2] 2 (DCPTH=4,5-dichlorophthalhydrazidate, dcph=4,5-dichlorophthalate). The monoacylhydrazidate ligand DCPTH originated from the hydrothermal in situ acylation reaction between dcpha and N 2H 4·H 2O. In compound 1, two types of coordination modes for DCPTH are found, which link alternately the Pb(II) centers into a 1-D chain structure of compound 1 with ancillary phen molecules. In compound 2, DCPTH and dcph as the mixed bridges extend the Cd(II) centers into a 1-D chain structure of compound 2 with auxiliary bpy molecules. DCPTH in compound 2 shows a different coordination mode from those observed in compound 1.

  2. Magnesium compounds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kramer, D.A.

    2010-01-01

    Seawater and natural brines accounted for about 40 percent of U.S. magnesium compounds production in 2009. Dead-burned magnesia was produced by Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties from well brines in Michigan. Caustic-calcined magnesia was recovered from seawater by Premier Chemicals in Florida, from well brines in Michigan by Martin Marietta and from magnesite in Nevada by Premier Chemicals. Intrepid Potash-Wendover, and Great Salt Lake Minerals Corp. recovered magnesium chloride brines from the Great Salt Lake in Utah. Magnesium hydroxide was produced from seawater by SPI Pharma in Delaware and Premier Chemicals in Florida, and by Martin Marietta from its operation mentioned above.

  3. Magnesium compounds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kramer, D.A.

    2002-01-01

    Seawater and natural brines accounted for about 60% of US magnesium compounds production in 2001. Dead-burned and caustic-calcined magnesias were recovered from seawater in Florida by Premier Chemicals. They were also recovered from Michigan well brines by Dow Chemical, Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties and Rohm & Haas. And Premier Chemicals recovered dead-burned and caustic-calcined magnesias from magnesite in Nevada. Reilly Industries and Great Salt Lake Minerals recovered magnesium chloride brines from the Great Salt Lake in Utah.

  4. Magnesium compounds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kramer, D.A.

    2011-01-01

    Seawater and natural brines accounted for about 54 percent of U.S. magnesium compounds production in 2010. Dead-burned magnesia was produced by Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties from well brines in Michigan. Caustic-calcined magnesia was recovered from seawater by Premier Magnesia in Florida, from well brines in Michigan by Martin Marietta and from magnesite in Nevada by Premier Magnesia. Intrepid Potash-Wendover and Great Salt Lake Minerals Corp. recovered magnesium chloride brines from the Great Salt Lake in Utah. Magnesium hydroxide was produced from seawater by SPI Pharma in Delaware and Premier Magnesia in Florida, and by Martin Marietta from its operation mentioned above.

  5. Coordinate cytokine regulatory sequences

    DOEpatents

    Frazer, Kelly A.; Rubin, Edward M.; Loots, Gabriela G.

    2005-05-10

    The present invention provides CNS sequences that regulate the cytokine gene expression, expression cassettes and vectors comprising or lacking the CNS sequences, host cells and non-human transgenic animals comprising the CNS sequences or lacking the CNS sequences. The present invention also provides methods for identifying compounds that modulate the functions of CNS sequences as well as methods for diagnosing defects in the CNS sequences of patients.

  6. Magnesium compounds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kramer, D.A.

    2007-01-01

    Seawater and natural brines accounted for about 52 percent of U.S. magnesium compounds production in 2006. Dead-burned magnesia was produced by Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties from well brines in Michigan. Caustic-calcined magnesia was recovered from sea-water by Premier Chemicals in Florida; from well brines in Michigan by Martin Marietta and Rohm and Haas; and from magnesite in Nevada by Premier Chemicals. Intrepid Potash-Wendover and Great Salt Lake Minerals recovered magnesium chloride brines from the Great Salt Lake in Utah. Magnesium hydroxide was produced from brucite by Applied Chemical Magnesias in Texas, from seawater by SPI Pharma in Delaware and Premier Chemicals in Florida, and by Martin Marietta and Rohm and Haas from their operations mentioned above. About 59 percent of the magnesium compounds consumed in the United States was used for refractories that are used mainly to line steelmaking furnaces. The remaining 41 percent was consumed in agricultural, chemical, construction, environmental and industrial applications.

  7. Intermetallic Compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takagiwa, Y.; Matsuura, Y.; Kimura, K.

    2014-06-01

    We have focused on the binary narrow-bandgap intermetallic compounds FeGa3 and RuGa3 as thermoelectric materials. Their crystal structure is FeGa3-type (tetragonal, P42/ mnm) with 16 atoms per unit cell. Despite their simple crystal structure, their room temperature thermal conductivity is in the range 4-5-W-m-1-K-1. Both compounds have narrow-bandgaps of approximately 0.3-eV near the Fermi level. Because their Seebeck coefficients are quite large negative values in the range 350-<-| S 373K|-<-550- μV-K-1 for undoped samples, it should be possible to obtain highly efficient thermoelectric materials both by adjusting the carrier concentration and by reducing the thermal conductivity. Here, we report the effects of doping on the thermoelectric properties of FeGa3 and RuGa3 as n and p-type materials. The dimensionless figure of merit, ZT, was significantly improved by substitution of Sn for Ga in FeGa3 (electron-doping) and by substitution of Zn for Ga in RuGa3 (hole-doping), mainly as a result of optimization of the electronic part, S 2 σ.

  8. Network Coordinator Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Himwich, Ed; Strand, Richard

    2013-01-01

    This report includes an assessment of the network performance in terms of lost observing time for the 2012 calendar year. Overall, the observing time loss was about 12.3%, which is in-line with previous years. A table of relative incidence of problems with various subsystems is presented. The most significant identified causes of loss were electronics rack problems (accounting for about 21.8% of losses), antenna reliability (18.1%), RFI (11.8%), and receiver problems (11.7%). About 14.2% of the losses occurred for unknown reasons. New antennas are under development in the USA, Germany, and Spain. There are plans for new telescopes in Norway and Sweden. Other activities of the Network Coordinator are summarized.

  9. Coordinating Group report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    In December 1992, western governors and four federal agencies established a Federal Advisory Committee to Develop On-site Innovative Technologies for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (the DOIT Committee). The purpose of the Committee is to advise the federal government on ways to improve waste cleanup technology development and the cleanup of federal sites in the West. The Committee directed in January 1993 that information be collected from a wide range of potential stakeholders and that innovative technology candidate projects be identified, organized, set in motion, and evaluated to test new partnerships, regulatory approaches, and technologies which will lead to improve site cleanup. Five working groups were organized, one to develop broad project selection and evaluation criteria and four to focus on specific contaminant problems. A Coordinating Group comprised of working group spokesmen and federal and state representatives, was set up to plan and organize the routine functioning of these working groups. The working groups were charged with defining particular contaminant problems; identifying shortcomings in technology development, stakeholder involvement, regulatory review, and commercialization which impede the resolution of these problems; and identifying candidate sites or technologies which could serve as regional innovative demonstration projects to test new approaches to overcome the shortcomings. This report from the Coordinating Group to the DOIT Committee highlights the key findings and opportunities uncovered by these fact-finding working groups. It provides a basis from which recommendations from the DOIT Committee to the federal government can be made. It also includes observations from two public roundtables, one on commercialization and another on regulatory and institutional barriers impeding technology development and cleanup.

  10. Magnesium compounds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kramer, D.A.

    2012-01-01

    Seawater and natural brines accounted for about 57 percent of magnesium compounds produced in the United States in 2011. Dead-burned magnesia was produced by Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties LLC from well brines in Michigan. Caustic-calcined magnesia was recovered from seawater by Premier Magnesia LLC in Florida, from well brines in Michigan by Martin Marietta and from magnesite in Nevada by Premier Magnesia. Intrepid Potash Wendover LLC and Great Salt Lake Minerals Corp. recovered magnesium chloride brines from the Great Salt Lake in Utah. Magnesium hydroxide was produced from seawater by SPI Pharma Inc. in Delaware and Premier Magnesia in Florida, and by Martin Marietta from its brine operation in Michigan.

  11. Bismaleimide compounds

    DOEpatents

    Adams, Johnnie E.; Jamieson, Donald R.

    1986-01-14

    Bismaleimides of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 each independently is H, C.sub.1-4 -alkyl, C.sub.1-4 -alkoxy, C1 or Br, or R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 together form a fused 6-membered hydrocarbon aromatic ring, with the proviso that R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are not t-butyl or t-butoxy; X is O, S or Se; n is 1-3; and the alkylene bridging group, optionally, is substituted by 1-3 methyl groups or by fluorine, form polybismaleimide resins which have valuable physical properties. Uniquely, these compounds permit extended cure times, i.e., they remain fluid for a time sufficient to permit the formation of a homogeneous melt prior to curing.

  12. Bismaleimide compounds

    DOEpatents

    Adams, J.E.; Jamieson, D.R.

    1986-01-14

    Bismaleimides of the formula shown in the diagram wherein R[sub 1] and R[sub 2] each independently is H, C[sub 1-4]-alkyl, C[sub 1-4]-alkoxy, Cl or Br, or R[sub 1] and R[sub 2] together form a fused 6-membered hydrocarbon aromatic ring, with the proviso that R[sub 1] and R[sub 2] are not t-butyl or t-butoxy; X is O, S or Se; n is 1--3; and the alkylene bridging group, optionally, is substituted by 1--3 methyl groups or by fluorine, form polybismaleimide resins which have valuable physical properties. Uniquely, these compounds permit extended cure times, i.e., they remain fluid for a time sufficient to permit the formation of a homogeneous melt prior to curing.

  13. On a new coordinate system with astrophysical application: Spiral coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campos, L. M. B. C.; Gil, P. J. S.

    In this presentation are introduced spiral coordinates, which are a particular case of conformal coordinates, i.e. orthogonal curvelinear coordinates with equal factors along all coordinate axis. The spiral coordinates in the plane have as coordinate curves two families of logarithmic spirals, making a constant angle, respectively phi and pi / 2-phi, with all radial lines, where phi is a parameter. They can be obtained from a complex function, representing a spiral potential flow, due to the superposition of a source/sink with a vortex; the parameter phi in this case specifies the ratio of the ass flux of source/sink to the circulation of the vortex. Regardless of hydrodynamical or other interpretations, spiral coordinates are particulary convenient in situation where physical quantities vary only along a logarithmicspiral. The example chosen is the propagation of Alfven waves along a logarithmic spiral, as an approximation to Parker's spiral. The equation of dissipative MHD are written in spiral coordinates, and eliminated to specify the Alfven wave equation in spiral coordinates; the latter is solved exactly in terms of Bessel functions, and the results analyzed for values of the parameters corresponding to the solar wind.

  14. /sup 127/I NQR spectra of carborane-containing compounds of polycoordinated iodine

    SciTech Connect

    Semin, G.K.; Grushin, V.V.; Gushchin, S.I.; Lisichkina, I.N.; Petokhov, S.A.; Tolstaya, T.P.

    1985-05-20

    The NQR spectra of polycoordinated iodine compounds is studied. A table presents the I 127 NQR spectra of electroneutral PhIC1/sub 2/ derivatives with intermolecular coordination in the solid state and ionic compounds including compounds with interionic coordination. A considerable increase in the quadrupole coupling constants and significant decrease in the asymmetry parameter is found in carborane-containing CBIC1/sub 2/ and PhCBIX compounds in comparison with the corresponding phenyl and diphenyl derivatives.

  15. Coordination and crystallization molecules: their interactions affecting the dimensionality of metalloporphyrinic SCFs.

    PubMed

    Fidalgo-Marijuan, Arkaitz; Amayuelas, Eder; Barandika, Gotzone; Bazán, Begoña; Urtiaga, Miren Karmele; Arriortua, María Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Synthetic metalloporphyrin complexes are often used as analogues of natural systems, and they can be used for the preparation of new Solid Coordination Frameworks (SCFs). In this work, a series of six metalloporphyrinic compounds constructed from different meso substituted metalloporphyrins (phenyl, carboxyphenyl and sulfonatophenyl) have been structurally characterized by means of single crystal X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The compounds were classified considering the dimensionality of the crystal array, referred just to coordination bonds, into 0D, 1D and 2D compounds. This way, the structural features and relationships of those crystal structures were analyzed, in order to extract conclusions not only about the dimensionality of the networks but also about possible applications of the as-obtained compounds, focusing the interest on the interactions of coordination and crystallization molecules. These interactions provide the coordination bonds and the cohesion forces which produce SCFs with different dimensionalities. PMID:25884550

  16. 78 FR 73819 - Forest Resource Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ... Forest Service Forest Resource Coordinating Committee AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of...-18, 2013 meeting of the Forest Resource Coordinating Committee due to the Government partial shutdown... INFORMATION CONTACT: Maya Solomon, Forest Resource Coordinating Committee Program Coordinator; by phone...

  17. Ulysses: UVCS Coordinated Observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Suess, S. T.; Poletto, G.; Corti, G.; Simnett, G.; Noci, G.; Romoli, M.; Kohl, J.; Goldstein, B.

    1998-01-01

    We present results from coordinated observations in which instruments on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and Ulysses were used to measure the density and flow speed of plasma at the Sun and to again measure the same properties of essentially the same plasma in the solar wind. Plasma was sampled by Ultraviolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) at 3.5 and 4.5 solar radii and by Ulysses/SWOOPS at 5 AU. Data were acquired during a nearly 2 week period in May-June 1997 at a latitude of 9-10 degrees north of the equator, on the east limb and, hence, in the streamer belt and the source location of slow wind. Density and outflow speed are compared, in order to check for preservation of the near Sun characteristics in the interplanetary medium. By chance, Ulysses was at the very northern edge of the visible streamer belt. Nevertheless, no evidence of fast wind, or mixing with fast wind coming from the northern polar coronal hole, was evident at Ulysses. The morphology of the streamer belt was similar at the beginning and end of the observation period, but was markedly different during the middle of the period. A corresponding change in density (but not flow speed) was noted at Ulysses.

  18. Coordinated Parallel Runway Approaches

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koczo, Steve

    1996-01-01

    The current air traffic environment in airport terminal areas experiences substantial delays when weather conditions deteriorate to Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC). Expected future increases in air traffic will put additional pressures on the National Airspace System (NAS) and will further compound the high costs associated with airport delays. To address this problem, NASA has embarked on a program to address Terminal Area Productivity (TAP). The goals of the TAP program are to provide increased efficiencies in air traffic during the approach, landing, and surface operations in low-visibility conditions. The ultimate goal is to achieve efficiencies of terminal area flight operations commensurate with Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) at current or improved levels of safety.

  19. The Neural Network In Coordinate Transformation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Urusan, Ahmet Yucel

    2011-12-01

    In international literature, Coordinate operations is divided into two categories. They are coordinate conversion and coordinate transformation. Coordinates converted from coordinate system A to coordinate system B in the same datum (mean origine, scale and axis directions are same) by coordinate conversion. There are two different datum in coordinate transformation. The basis of each datum to a different coordinate reference system. In Coordinate transformation, coordinates are transformed from coordinate reference system A to coordinate referance system B. Geodetic studies based on physical measurements. Coordinate transformation needs identical points which were measured in each coordinate reference system (A and B). However it is difficult (and need a big reserved budget) to measure in some places like as top of mountain, boundry of countries and seaside. In this study, this sample problem solution was researched. The method of learning which is one of the neural network methods, was used for solution of this problem.

  20. Coordinate-Free Rotation Operator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leubner, C.

    1979-01-01

    Suggests the use of a coordinate-free rotation operator for the teaching of rotations in Euclidean three space because of its twofold didactic advantage. Illustrates the potentialities of the coordinate-free rotation operator approach by a number of examples. (Author/GA)

  1. Coordinated Transportation: Problems and Promise?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    1998-01-01

    Examines the legal, administrative, and logistical barriers that have prevented the wide acceptance of coordinating community and school transportation services and why these barriers may be breaking down. Two examples of successful implementation of coordinated transportation are examined: employing a single system to serve all transportation…

  2. Drift Hamiltonian in magnetic coordinates

    SciTech Connect

    White, R.B.; Boozer, A.H.; Hay, R.

    1982-02-01

    A Hamiltonian formulation of the guiding-center drift in arbitrary, steady state, magnetic and electric fields is given. The canonical variables of this formulation are simply related to the magnetic coordinates. The modifications required to treat ergodic magnetic fields using magnetic coordinates are explicitly given in the Hamiltonian formulation.

  3. Fuzzy coordinator in control problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rueda, A.; Pedrycz, W.

    1992-01-01

    In this paper a hierarchical control structure using a fuzzy system for coordination of the control actions is studied. The architecture involves two levels of control: a coordination level and an execution level. Numerical experiments will be utilized to illustrate the behavior of the controller when it is applied to a nonlinear plant.

  4. What Happened to Service Coordination?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWilliam, R. A.

    2006-01-01

    Comments on an article by Dunst and Bruder. Service coordination was supposed to be one of the major jewels in the legislative crown for young children with disabilities and their families. The authors have cast their experienced eyes on the heart of the matter, which is the models of service coordination that sprang to life almost immediately…

  5. The reactivity of 1,1-dialkoxyalkanes with niobium and tantalum pentahalides. Formation of coordination compounds, C-H and C-C bond activation and the X-ray structure of the stable carboxonium species [Me(2)C=CHC(=OMe)Me][NbCl(5)(OMe)].

    PubMed

    Marchetti, Fabio; Pampaloni, Guido; Zacchini, Stefano

    2009-10-14

    The reactions of the pentahalides NbX5 (X = Cl, Br) with the 1,1-dialkoxyalkanes CHR'(OEt)2 or 1,3-dioxolane yield the coordination adducts NbX5[kappa1-(OEt)CHR'(OEt)] (X = Cl, R' = H, 2a; X = Br, R' = H, 2b; X = Cl, R' = Me, 2c; X = Br, R' = Me, 2d) or NbCl5(kappa1-right angle OCH2OCH2C right angle H2), 3, respectively. Compounds 2a-c and 3 are stable at room temperature, while 2d slowly converts into the alkoxide NbBr4[OCH(Me)OEt], 4. Room-temperature fragmentations are observed upon reacting CH2(OMe)2, CHMe(OMe)2 and CMe2(OMe)2 with MX5 (M = Nb, Ta; X = Cl, Br). The complexes MX5[O(Me)(CH2X)], 5, and [MX3(OMe)2]2, 6, form selectively from MX5/CH2(OMe)2 (M = Nb, Ta; X = Cl, Br), while mixtures of [NbX4(OMe)]2 (X = Cl, 8a; X = Br, 8b) and organic halides are obtained from NbX5/CHMe(OMe)2. Instead, the reaction of NbCl5 with CMe2(OMe)2 affords the stable carboxonium species [Me2C=CHC(=OMe)Me][NbCl5(OMe)], 7, as prevalent product. Furthermore, 1,1-dialkoxyalkanes are generally activated by MF5 (M = Nb, Ta) at room temperature: according to the cases, alcohols, ethers, esters and ketones have been detected in the reaction mixtures after hydrolysis. In agreement with NMR data, the carboxonium ion [Me2C=CHC(=OMe)Me]+ is produced from NbF5/CMe2(OMe)2. The complexes NbF5[OEt(Me)], 9a, and NbF5[O=CH(OEt)], 9b, obtained by addition of CH2(OEt)2 to NbF5, have been characterised by NMR spectroscopy. Trimethyl formate, CH(OMe)3, reacts with NbX5 (X = Cl, Br) with formation of the alkoxides 6 and 8, in admixture with NbX5[O=CH(OMe)] and MeX; otherwise, MF5[O=CH(OMe)] and MF5(OMe2) have been synthesised from MF5/CH(OMe)3 (M = Nb, Ta). Complete screening of the organic fragments produced in the distinct reactions has been carried out by both GC-MS and NMR analyses on the reaction mixtures, after treatment with water. The solid state structures of the mixed halo-alkoxy complexes [TaX3(OMe)(mu-OMe)]2 (X = Cl, 6c; X = Br, 6d) and of the stable alkylated ketone containing species 7

  6. Different geometrical arrangements in carboxylate coordination polymers of flexible dicarboxylic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deka, Himangshu; Sarma, Rupam; Kumari, Satchi; Khare, Alika; Baruah, Jubaraj B.

    2011-07-01

    Dicarboxylate coordination polymers ( 1- 5) of Mn(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II), respectively, derived from (7-carboxymethoxy-naphthalen-2-yloxy)-acetic acid ( L1H2) are synthesized and characterized. Depending on the coordination sites around the metal centers and coordination mode of the ligand, dimensionality of these polymers varies. The dicarboxylates adopt three spatial orientations: in-plane linear coordination, out-of-plane cis coordination and out-of-plane trans coordination mode. Both the cis and trans out-of-plane coordination modes are found to exist only if the ancillary ligand pyridine is coordinated to the metal ion. When the aquoligand coordinates the in-plane linear coordination mode of L1 predominates. The coordination polymers 4 and 5 show photoluminescence in solution. The dicarboxylate of (5-carboxymethoxy-naphthalen-1-yloxy)-acetic acid ( L2H2) does not form coordination polymer under ambient conditions, but prefers to remain as uncoordinated anion providing hydrophobic confinement to hexa-aquometal(II) cation. Compound 3 crystallizes in P2 1 space group and it shows broadband ultra-violet fluorescence centered at 352.9 nm on focusing 632.8 nm He:Ne laser.

  7. Keep meaning in conversational coordination

    PubMed Central

    Cuffari, Elena C.

    2014-01-01

    Coordination is a widely employed term across recent quantitative and qualitative approaches to intersubjectivity, particularly approaches that give embodiment and enaction central explanatory roles. With a focus on linguistic and bodily coordination in conversational contexts, I review the operational meaning of coordination in recent empirical research and related theorizing of embodied intersubjectivity. This discussion articulates what must be involved in treating linguistic meaning as dynamic processes of coordination. The coordination approach presents languaging as a set of dynamic self-organizing processes and actions on multiple timescales and across multiple modalities that come about and work in certain domains (those jointly constructed in social, interactive, high-order sense-making). These processes go beyond meaning at the level that is available to first-person experience. I take one crucial consequence of this to be the ubiquitously moral nature of languaging with others. Languaging coordinates experience, among other levels of behavior and event. Ethical effort is called for by the automatic autonomy-influencing forces of languaging as coordination. PMID:25520693

  8. Structure and luminescence properties of tellurium(IV) complex compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sedakova, T. V.; Mirochnik, A. G.; Karasev, V. E.

    2011-05-01

    Using the tellurium(IV) complex compounds as an example, we study the interrelation between the geometric structure and spectral luminescence properties. We find that, in the series of compounds of Te(IV), which are characterized by the island octahedral coordination of Te(IV) ions, the luminescence intensity depends on the degree of distortion of the Te(IV) coordination polyhedron, the Stokes shift, and the energy of the luminescence transition. We revealed that the considered series of Te(IV) compounds possess reversible thermochromic properties.

  9. Combining coordination and supramolecular chemistry for the formation of uranyl-organic hybrid materials

    SciTech Connect

    Deifel, N. P.; Cahill, Christopher L.

    2011-01-01

    Three hybrid compounds have been synthesized through hydrothermal reactions of UO{sub 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}·6H{sub 2}O with 4-halobenzoic acid (X = Cl, Br, I). The formation of these compounds utilizes a composite synthesis methodology that explicitly employs aspects of both coordination chemistry and supramolecular chemistry (namely halogen---halogen interactions).

  10. Valence-Bond Concepts in Coordination Chemistry and the Nature of Metal-Metal Bonds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pauling, Linus; Herman, Zelek S.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the valence-bond method, applying it to some coordination compounds of metals, especially those involving metal-metal bonds. Suggests that transition metals can form as many as nine covalent bonds, permitting valence-theory to be extended to transition metal compounds in a more effective way than has been possible before. (JN)

  11. Markov Tracking for Agent Coordination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Washington, Richard; Lau, Sonie (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    Partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) axe an attractive representation for representing agent behavior, since they capture uncertainty in both the agent's state and its actions. However, finding an optimal policy for POMDPs in general is computationally difficult. In this paper we present Markov Tracking, a restricted problem of coordinating actions with an agent or process represented as a POMDP Because the actions coordinate with the agent rather than influence its behavior, the optimal solution to this problem can be computed locally and quickly. We also demonstrate the use of the technique on sequential POMDPs, which can be used to model a behavior that follows a linear, acyclic trajectory through a series of states. By imposing a "windowing" restriction that restricts the number of possible alternatives considered at any moment to a fixed size, a coordinating action can be calculated in constant time, making this amenable to coordination with complex agents.

  12. Muscle coordination: the discussion continues

    PubMed

    Prilutsky

    2000-01-01

    In this response, the major criticisms of the target article are addressed. Terminology from the target article that may have caused some confusion is clarified. In particular, the tasks that have the basic features of muscle coordination, as identified in the target article, have been limited in scope. A new metabolic optimization criterion suggested by Alexander (2000) is examined for its ability to predict muscle coordination in walking. Issues concerning the validation of muscle force predictions, the rules of muscle coordination, and the role of directional constraints in coordination of two-joint muscles are discussed. It is shown in particular that even in one-joint systems, the forces predicted by the criterion of Crowninshield and Brand (1981) depend upon the muscle moment arms and the physiological cross-sectional areas in much more complex ways than either previously assumed in the target article, or incorrectly derived by Herzog and Ait-Haddou (2000). It is concluded that the criterion of Crowninshield and Brand qualitatively predicts the basic coordination features of the major one- and two-joint muscles in a number of highly skilled, repetitive motor tasks performed by humans under predictable conditions and little demands on stability and accuracy. A possible functional significance of such muscle coordination may be the minimization of perceived effort, muscle fatigue, and/or energy expenditure. PMID:10675817

  13. AXAF Coordinate Transformation at XRCF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    He, Helen; McDowell, Jonathan; Conroy, Maureen

    1997-01-01

    Coordinate transformation between focal plane and detector pixel systems must be handled carefully at the X-ray Calibration Facility (XRCF) as it will be during flight. The High Resolution Mirror Assembly (HRMA) X-ray Detection System (HXDS) stage dithers, and the five-axis mount (FAM) attachment points underwent various types of motion during testing. At the XRCF when the FAM moved, the Science Instrument Module (SIM) travel direction was not necessarily aligned with the mirror axis motion, and, in addition, an arbitrary position offset had to be calibrated. Misalignment from the mirror axis was assessed by measuring its displacement from the boresight configuration of the default FAM frame, and the HXDS stage was monitored for motion from the default FAM reference point. Mirror position, prescribed in a mirror modal coordinate system, was measured in HRMA pitch and yaw axes. Prior to corrections for dithering and FAM movement, the coordinate data at XRCF also had to be corrected for possible misalignments of the mirror mount relative to XRCF and the default FAM axes due to the movement of the FAM feet. Those misalignments were processed in terms of yaw-pitch-roll Euler angles in the mirror nodal coordinate, and in the default FAM frame, respectively. An AXAF Science Center (ASC) coordinate library, pixlib, has been built to support these coordinate transformations and was used during x-ray calibration at the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL. The design and implementation of this library will be discussed.

  14. Surprising Coordination for Plutonium in the First Plutonium (III) Borate

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Shuao; Alekseev, Evgeny V.; Depmeier, Wulf; Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E.

    2011-02-22

    The first plutonium(III) borate, Pu2[B12O18(OH)4Br2(H2O)3]·0.5H2O, has been prepared by reacting plutonium(III) with molten boric acid under strictly anaerobic conditions. This compound contains a three-dimensional polyborate network with triangular holes that house the plutonium(III) sites. The plutonium sites in this compound are 9- and 10-coordinate and display atypical geometries.

  15. Crystal and molecular structure of the coordination compounds of Er3+ with 1-(methoxydiphenylphosphoryl)-2-diphenylphosphorylbenzene [Er L {2/1}(NO3)2]2[Er(NO3)2(H2O)5]0.333(NO3)2.333 · 2.833H2O and its ethyl substituted derivative [Er L {2/2}(NO3)2][Er(NO3)5]0.5 · 0.5H2O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Polyakova, I. N.; Baulin, V. E.; Ivanova, I. S.; Pyatova, E. N.; Sergienko, V. S.; Tsivadze, A. Yu.

    2015-01-01

    The coordination compounds of Er3+ with 1-(methoxydiphenylphosphoryl)-2-diphenylphosphorylbenzene [Er L {2/1}(NO3)2]2[Er(NO3)2(H2O)5]0.333(NO3)2.333 · 2.833H2O ( I) and its ethyl substituted derivative [Er L {2/2}(NO3)2][Er(NO3)5]0.5 · 0.5H2O ( II) are synthesized and their crystal structures are studied. I and II contain [Er L 2(NO3)2]+ complex cations of identical composition and close structure. The eight-vertex polyhedron of the Er atom in the shape of a distorted octahedron with two split trans vertices is formed by the O atoms of the phosphoryl groups of L ligands and nitrate anions. L ligands close nine-membered metallocycles. The structures contain spacious channels which are populated differently, namely, by disordered [Er(NO3)2(H2O)5]+ complex cations, NO{3/-} anions, and crystallization water molecules in I and disordered [Er(NO3)5]2- complex anions and crystallization water molecules in II. The IR spectra of I and II are studied.

  16. Mechanisms of coordination in distributed neural circuits: encoding coordinating information.

    PubMed

    Smarandache-Wellmann, Carmen; Grätsch, Swantje

    2014-04-16

    We describe synaptic connections through which information essential for encoding efference copies reaches two coordinating neurons in each of the microcircuits that controls limbs on abdominal segments of the crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus. In each microcircuit, these coordinating neurons fire bursts of spikes simultaneously with motor neurons. These bursts encode timing, duration, and strength of each motor burst. Using paired microelectrode recordings, we demonstrate that one class of nonspiking neurons in each microcircuit's pattern-generating kernel--IPS--directly inhibits the ASCE coordinating neuron that copies each burst in power-stroke (PS) motor neurons. This inhibitory synapse parallels IPS's inhibition of the same PS motor neurons. Using a disynaptic pathway to control its membrane potential, we demonstrate that a second type of nonspiking interneuron in the pattern-generating kernel--IRSh--inhibits the DSC coordinating neuron that copies each burst in return-stroke (RS) motor neurons. This inhibitory synapse parallels IRS's inhibition of the microcircuit's RS motor neurons. Experimental changes in the membrane potential of one IPS or one IRSh neuron simultaneously changed the strengths of motor bursts, durations, numbers of spikes, and spike frequency in the simultaneous ASCE and DSC bursts. ASCE and DSC coordinating neurons link the segmentally distributed microcircuits into a coordinated system that oscillates with the same period and with stable phase differences. The inhibitory synapses from different pattern-generating neurons that parallel their inhibition of different sets of motor neurons enable ASCE and DSC to encode details of each oscillation that are necessary for stable, adaptive synchronization of the system. PMID:24741053

  17. Antibacterial activity of silver camphorimine coordination polymers.

    PubMed

    Cardoso, João M S; Galvão, Adelino M; Guerreiro, Soraia I; Leitão, Jorge H; Suarez, Ana C; Carvalho, M Fernanda N N

    2016-04-28

    Five new silver camphorimine complexes of general formula [Ag(NO3)(Y)L] were synthesized and fully characterized using spectroscopic and analytical techniques. The structure of [Ag(NO3)(OC10H14NC6H4NC10H14O)] () was analyzed using single crystal X-ray diffraction, showing that it arranges as a coordination polymer formed by sequential Ag(NO3) units bridged by the bi-camphor ligand (). The antimicrobial properties of the new complexes were screened using the disk diffusion method and their Minimal Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) were assessed against selected bacterial strains of the Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and the Gram-negative Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Burkholderia contaminans. The lowest MICs were observed for , with estimated values of 72, 20, 32 and 19 μg mL(-1) for S. aureus, E. coli, B. contaminans, and P. aeruginosa, respectively. In the case of S. aureus, similar MIC values were obtained for silver nitrate and compound . All five compounds were bactericidal when used in concentrations equal or above the MIC value, as found by enumerating the total colony forming units (CFUs) after incubation in their presence. PMID:27007331

  18. Congruency effects in interpersonal coordination.

    PubMed

    Fine, Justin M; Gibbons, Cameron T; Amazeen, Eric L

    2013-12-01

    Research on interpersonal coordination has demonstrated that incongruent tasks lead to unintended movements in the orthogonal plane. These effects have been interpreted using both an embodied simulation and coordination dynamics approach. To distinguish between these two perspectives, two experiments examined whether this congruency effect is best defined spatially or anatomically. In the first experiment, participants coordinated congruent and incongruent rhythmic arm movements with an actor. To dissociate spatial and anatomical congruency, the actor was rotated 90° in the coronal plane for half of the trials. In the second experiment, participants coordinated movements of different limbs (leg and arm). Spatial and anatomical congruency was dissociated here by rotating the actor in the transverse plane. In both experiments, the unintended movements associated with the congruency effect emerged as a function of spatial congruency; there was no congruency effect associated with anatomical congruency. The data suggests that these unintended movements represent the recruitment of additional df necessary to stabilize an unstable form of coordination. PMID:23458094

  19. Validation of EXAFS Analysis of Iridium Compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feiters, M. C.; Longo, A.; Banerjee, D.; van der Ham, C. J. M.; Hetterscheid, D. G. H.

    2016-05-01

    Results of iridium L3 edge EXAFS measurements of compounds relevant for water oxidation catalysis are compared to those of other structural techniques. The structural results from EXAFS for the Ir compounds investigated here compare well to those of other structural techniques. Multiple scattering contributions are important in the coordinated Cp* and NHC ligands as well as in the IrCl6 unit and the IrO2 rutile structure. NHC is relatively weak compared to Ir, Cl, and even Cp* and O, and often out of phase with the other contributions.

  20. Compounding in Ukraine.

    PubMed

    Zdoryk, Oleksandr A; Georgiyants, Victoriya A; Gryzodub, Oleksandr I; Schnatz, Rick

    2013-01-01

    Pharmaceutical compounding in modern Ukraine has a rich history and goes back to ancient times. Today in the Ukraine, there is a revival of compounding practice, the opening of private compounding pharmacies, updating of legislative framework and requirements of the State Pharmacopeia of Ukraine for compounding preparations, and the introduction of Good Pharmaceutical Practice. PMID:23696172

  1. Measuring motor coordination in mice.

    PubMed

    Deacon, Robert M J

    2013-01-01

    Mice are increasingly being used in behavioral neuroscience, largely replacing rats as the behaviorist's animal of choice. Before aspects of behavior such as emotionality or cognition can be assessed, however, it is vital to determine whether the motor capabilities of e.g. a mutant or lesioned mouse allow such an assessment. Performance on a maze task requiring strength and coordination, such as the Morris water maze, might well be impaired in a mouse by motor, rather than cognitive, impairments, so it is essential to selectively dissect the latter from the former. For example, sensorimotor impairments caused by NMDA antagonists have been shown to impair water maze performance(2). Motor coordination has traditionally been assessed in mice and rats by the rotarod test, in which the animal is placed on a horizontal rod that rotates about its long axis; the animal must walk forwards to remain upright and not fall off. Both set speed and accelerating versions of the rotarod are available. The other three tests described in this article (horizontal bar, static rods and parallel bars) all measure coordination on static apparatus. The horizontal bar also requires strength for adequate performance, particularly of the forelimbs as the mouse initially grips the bar just with the front paws. Adult rats do not perform well on tests such as the static rods and parallel bars (personal observations); they appear less well coordinated than mice. I have only tested male rats, however, and male mice seem generally less well coordinated than females. Mice appear to have a higher strength:weight ratio than rats; the Latin name, Mus musculus, seems entirely appropriate. The rotarod, the variations of the foot fault test(12) or the Catwalk (Noldus)(15) apparatus are generally used to assess motor coordination in rats. PMID:23748408

  2. COCO: Conversion of Celestial Coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wallace, Patrick

    2014-06-01

    The COCO program converts star coordinates from one system to another. Both the improved IAU system, post-1976, and the old pre-1976 system are supported. COCO can perform accurate transformations between multiple coordinate systems. COCO's user-interface is spartan but efficient and the program offers control over report resolution. All input is free-format, and defaults are provided where this is meaningful. COCO uses SLALIB (ascl:1403.025) and is distributed as part of the Starlink software collection (ascl:1110.012).

  3. Relativistic chaos is coordinate invariant.

    PubMed

    Motter, Adilson E

    2003-12-01

    The noninvariance of Lyapunov exponents in general relativity has led to the conclusion that chaos depends on the choice of the space-time coordinates. Strikingly, we uncover the transformation laws of Lyapunov exponents under general space-time transformations and we find that chaos, as characterized by positive Lyapunov exponents, is coordinate invariant. As a result, the previous conclusion regarding the noninvariance of chaos in cosmology, a major claim about chaos in general relativity, necessarily involves the violation of hypotheses required for a proper definition of the Lyapunov exponents. PMID:14683170

  4. Cation coordination in oxychloride glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, J. A.; Holland, D.; Bland, J.; Johnson, C. E.; Thomas, M. F.

    2003-02-01

    Glasses containing mixtures of cations and anions of nominal compositions [Sb2O3]x - [ZnCl2]1-x where x = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00, have been studied by means of neutron diffraction and Raman and Mössbauer spectroscopy. There is preferential bonding within the system with the absence of Sb-Cl bonds. Antimony is found to be threefold coordinated to oxygen, and zinc fourfold coordinated. The main contributing species are of the form [Sb(OSb)2(OZn)] and [Zn(ClZn)2(OSb)2].

  5. 29 CFR 42.8 - Coordination plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Coordination plan. 42.8 Section 42.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor COORDINATED ENFORCEMENT § 42.8 Coordination plan. (a) Based upon, among other things, the... coordination plan concerning farm labor-related responsibilities of the Department, including migrant...

  6. 29 CFR 42.8 - Coordination plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Coordination plan. 42.8 Section 42.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor COORDINATED ENFORCEMENT § 42.8 Coordination plan. (a) Based upon, among other things, the... coordination plan concerning farm labor-related responsibilities of the Department, including migrant...

  7. 47 CFR 95.1113 - Frequency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Frequency coordinator. 95.1113 Section 95.1113... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1113 Frequency coordinator. (a) The Commission will designate a frequency coordinator(s) to manage the usage of the frequency...

  8. 47 CFR 95.1225 - Frequency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Frequency coordinator. 95.1225 Section 95.1225... SERVICES Medical Device Radiocommunication Service (MedRadio) § 95.1225 Frequency coordinator. (a) The Commission will designate a frequency coordinator(s) to manage the operation of medical body area networks...

  9. 47 CFR 95.1113 - Frequency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Frequency coordinator. 95.1113 Section 95.1113... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1113 Frequency coordinator. (a) The Commission will designate a frequency coordinator(s) to manage the usage of the frequency...

  10. 47 CFR 95.1225 - Frequency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Frequency coordinator. 95.1225 Section 95.1225... SERVICES Medical Device Radiocommunication Service (MedRadio) § 95.1225 Frequency coordinator. (a) The Commission will designate a frequency coordinator(s) to manage the operation of medical body area networks...

  11. 47 CFR 95.1113 - Frequency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Frequency coordinator. 95.1113 Section 95.1113... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1113 Frequency coordinator. (a) The Commission will designate a frequency coordinator(s) to manage the usage of the frequency...

  12. 47 CFR 95.1113 - Frequency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Frequency coordinator. 95.1113 Section 95.1113... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1113 Frequency coordinator. (a) The Commission will designate a frequency coordinator(s) to manage the usage of the frequency...

  13. 47 CFR 95.1225 - Frequency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Frequency coordinator. 95.1225 Section 95.1225... SERVICES Medical Device Radiocommunication Service (MedRadio) § 95.1225 Frequency coordinator. (a) The Commission will designate a frequency coordinator(s) to manage the operation of medical body area networks...

  14. 47 CFR 95.1113 - Frequency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Frequency coordinator. 95.1113 Section 95.1113... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1113 Frequency coordinator. (a) The Commission will designate a frequency coordinator(s) to manage the usage of the frequency...

  15. 47 CFR 15.525 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 15.525 Section 15... Operation § 15.525 Coordination requirements. (a) UWB imaging systems require coordination through the FCC... resulting from this coordination. (b) The users of UWB imaging devices shall supply operational areas to...

  16. 7 CFR 22.201 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Coordination. 22.201 Section 22.201 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities of Federal Government § 22.201 Coordination. The following identifies types and levels of coordination: (a)...

  17. 7 CFR 22.201 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coordination. 22.201 Section 22.201 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities of Federal Government § 22.201 Coordination. The following identifies types and levels of coordination: (a)...

  18. 40 CFR 109.6 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coordination. 109.6 Section 109.6..., LOCAL AND REGIONAL OIL REMOVAL CONTINGENCY PLANS § 109.6 Coordination. For the purposes of coordination... coordination of these contingency plans with the National Oil and Hazardous Materials Pollution...

  19. 47 CFR 15.525 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 15.525 Section 15... Operation § 15.525 Coordination requirements. (a) UWB imaging systems require coordination through the FCC... resulting from this coordination. (b) The users of UWB imaging devices shall supply operational areas to...

  20. 40 CFR 109.6 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Coordination. 109.6 Section 109.6..., LOCAL AND REGIONAL OIL REMOVAL CONTINGENCY PLANS § 109.6 Coordination. For the purposes of coordination... coordination of these contingency plans with the National Oil and Hazardous Materials Pollution...

  1. Coordinated Home Care Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Home Care Training Center.

    This manual is intended as a source of information and assistance in the planning, organization, implementation, and evaluation of home care programs. There are ten major sections: (1) Introduction (review of the history of home care and definition of pertinent terms), (2) Program Planning, (3) Organizational Structure, (4) Coordination and…

  2. C[squared] = Creative Coordinates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McHugh, Shelley R.

    2007-01-01

    "C[squared] = Creative Coordinates" is an engaging group of tasks that fosters the integration of mathematics and art to create meaningful understanding. The project lets students illustrate of find an image, then plot points to map their design on a grid. The project usually takes about a week to complete. When it is finished, students who are…

  3. 75 FR 55947 - Coordinated Communications

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-15

    ... FR 53893 (Oct. 21, 2009). The NPRM comment period closed on January 19, 2010. The Commission received... Proposed Rulemaking on Coordinated Communications, 75 FR 6590 (Feb. 10, 2010). The SNPRM invited comments... Committees; Independent Expenditures, 65 FR 76138 (Dec. 6, 2000). Drawing on judicial guidance in...

  4. Sequential synthesis of coordination polymersomes.

    PubMed

    Ohtani, Ryo; Inukai, Munehiro; Hijikata, Yuh; Ogawa, Tetsuya; Takenaka, Mikihito; Ohba, Masaaki; Kitagawa, Susumu

    2015-01-19

    Novel organic-inorganic hybrid liposomes, so-called coordination polymersomes (CPsomes), with artificial domains that exhibit strong lateral cohesion were prepared by a three-step procedure that formed a coordinative interaction leading to a lipid bilayer. First, the lipophilic complex (dabco-C18)[Mn(N)(CN)4(dabco-C18)] (1; dabco-C18(+)=1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane-(CH2)17-CH3 cation), was synthesized. 1 has a lipophilic alkyl tail part and a tetracyanometallate head group, which can be used for an expansion to two-dimensional coordination networks. Second, 1 and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine were mixed to prepare the liposomes. Finally, CPsomes were obtained by the addition of transition-metal ions (M) to form unilamellar faceted liposomes with plain CP raft domains with Mn-CN-M linkages. The concentration of 1 influences the size of the CP raft domains and the shape of the CPsomes. The synthesis of coordination polymers in lipid bilayers is a novel approach for the construction of artificial architectures as raft domains, for example, in cell membranes. PMID:25476115

  5. Atomic Coordination Reflects Peptide Immunogenicity

    PubMed Central

    Antipas, Georgios S. E.; Germenis, Anastasios E.

    2016-01-01

    We demonstrated that the immunological identity of variant peptides may be accurately predicted on the basis of atomic coordination of both unprotonated and protonated tertiary structures, provided that the structure of the native peptide (index) is known. The metric which was discovered to account for this discrimination is the coordination difference between the variant and the index; we also showed that increasing coordination difference in respect to the index was correlated to a correspondingly weakening immunological outcome of the variant. Additionally, we established that this metric quickly seizes to operate beyond the peptide scale, e.g., within a coordination shell inclusive of atoms up to a distance of 7 Å away from the peptide or over the entire pMHC-TCR complex. Analysis of molecular orbital interactions for a range of formal charges further revealed that the N-terminus of the agonists was always able to sustain a stable ammonium (NH3+) group which was consistently absent in antagonists. We deem that the presence of NH3+ constitutes a secondary observable with a biological consequence, signifying a change in T cell activation. While our analysis of protonated structures relied on the quantum chemical relaxation of the H species, the results were consistent across a wide range of peptide charge and spin polarization conditions. PMID:26793714

  6. Computer (PC/Network) Coordinator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

    This publication contains 22 subjects appropriate for use in a competency list for the occupation of computer (PC/network) coordinator, 1 of 12 occupations within the business/computer technologies cluster. Each unit consists of a number of competencies; a list of competency builders is provided for each competency. Titles of the 22 units are as…

  7. Archimedes' Principle in General Coordinates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ridgely, Charles T.

    2010-01-01

    Archimedes' principle is well known to state that a body submerged in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body. Herein, Archimedes' principle is derived from first principles by using conservation of the stress-energy-momentum tensor in general coordinates. The resulting expression for the force is…

  8. BURN DATA COORDINATING CENTER (BDCC)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Burn Data Coordinating Center (BDCC) began collecting data in 1994 and is currently the largest burn database in the country. Pediatric burn data was added in 1998. The BMS database contains over 2,800 cases supporting clinical research and research on outcomes including empl...

  9. Co-ordinated Classroom Lectures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harmon, Darell Boyd

    From a series of lectures, a selection of eight are oriented principally toward the biologically developing child, and the physiological operations in visual process. The numbered lectures are--(1) The Coordinated Classroom, its Philosophy and Principles, (2) An Outline of a Biological Point of View, (3) The Evolution of Structure--despite man's…

  10. The Coordination of Unlike Categories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bayer, Samuel

    1996-01-01

    Argues that the account of coordination of unlike categories ought to be unified with the account of feature neutralization under phonological identity. Further argues that this unified account ought not be couched in terms of string of features, but rather in terms of the logic of categories. Study concludes with a discussion of the interactions…

  11. Terrestrial Coordinate Systems and Frames

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boucher, C.; Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    A terrestrial reference system (TRS) is a spatial reference system corotating with the Earth in its DIURNAL MOTION in space. In such a system, the positions of points anchored on the Earth's solid surface have coordinates which have only small variations with time, as a result of geophysical effects (tectonic or tidal deformations; see TECTONICS, EARTH'S INTERIOR, TIDES). A terrestrial reference ...

  12. [Coordination in oncology, pivot nurses].

    PubMed

    Feld, Dominique

    2016-06-01

    The function of the pivot nurse was created when the Cancer Plans were first introduced to improve patient management and has constantly developed since then. It is an essential role for the coordination of care and the different players involved along the patient's care pathway. PMID:27338685

  13. A coordination theory for intelligent machines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Fei-Yue; Saridis, George N.

    1990-01-01

    A formal model for the coordination level of intelligent machines is established. The framework of the coordination level investigated consists of one dispatcher and a number of coordinators. The model called coordination structure has been used to describe analytically the information structure and information flow for the coordination activities in the coordination level. Specifically, the coordination structure offers a formalism to (1) describe the task translation of the dispatcher and coordinators; (2) represent the individual process within the dispatcher and coordinators; (3) specify the cooperation and connection among the dispatcher and coordinators; (4) perform the process analysis and evaluation; and (5) provide a control and communication mechanism for the real-time monitor or simulation of the coordination process. A simple procedure for the task scheduling in the coordination structure is presented. The task translation is achieved by a stochastic learning algorithm. The learning process is measured with entropy and its convergence is guaranteed. Finally, a case study of the coordination structure with three coordinators and one dispatcher for a simple intelligent manipulator system illustrates the proposed model and the simulation of the task processes performed on the model verifies the soundness of the theory.

  14. Syntheses, structural analyses and luminescent property of four alkaline-earth coordination polymers

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Sheng; Qu, Xiao-Ni; Xie, Gang; Wei, Qing; Chen, San-Ping

    2014-02-15

    Four alkaline-earth coordination polymers, [Ba(Pzdc)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), [Ba(Pzdc)]{sub n} (2), [AgSr(Pzdc)(NO{sub 3})(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (3), [Ag{sub 2}Ca(Pzdc){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (4) (H{sub 2}Pzdc=2, 3-pyrazinedicarboxylic acid) have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 afford 2D layer networks generated by one-dimensional chains containing the [Ba{sub 2}O{sub 11}N] units. Compound 3 is of 2D mixed-metal coordination network formed by one-dimensional chain units, while 4 is of a 3D heterometallic framework. Interestingly, 1 and 2 can undergo reversible SCSC structural transformation upon dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. In addition, the π–π stacking interactions dominate fluorescent properties of compounds 1 and 2. - Graphical abstract: Four new coordination polymers [Ba(Pzdc)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), [Ba(Pzdc)]{sub n} (2), [AgSr(Pzdc)(NO{sub 3})(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (3), [Ag{sub 2}Ca(Pzdc){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (4) (H{sub 2}Pzdc=2, 3-pyrazinedicarboxylic acid) have been synthesized. Compounds 1–3 display 2D topology structures and compound 4 exhibits a 3D topology structure. Fortunately, 1 and 2 undergo reversible dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. Display Omitted - Highlights: • All structures are generated by 1D chains. • 1 and 2 show reversible dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. • The π–π stacking interactions dominate fluorescent properties of compounds 1 and 2.

  15. Compounds affecting cholesterol absorption

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hua, Duy H. (Inventor); Koo, Sung I. (Inventor); Noh, Sang K. (Inventor)

    2004-01-01

    A class of novel compounds is described for use in affecting lymphatic absorption of cholesterol. Compounds of particular interest are defined by Formula I: ##STR1## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

  16. Caulking compound poisoning

    MedlinePlus

    Caulking compounds are substances used to seal cracks and holes around windows and other openings. Caulking compound poisoning occurs when someone swallows these substances. This is for information only and not for use in the ...

  17. Communications indices of crew coordination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kanki, Barbara G.; Foushee, H. Clayton; Lozito, Sandra

    1987-01-01

    Verbal exchanges occuring during task execution during full mission two-person simulator flights are used to study the effect of the interactive communication process on crew coordination and performance. The ratio of initiator to response speech is calculated and speech variations are recorded. The results of this study are compared with the findings of Ginnett's (1986) study of leaders. It is shown that low-error crews adopt a standard form of communicating, allowing for the ability to predict one another's behavior, facilitating the coordination process. The higher performance of crews that have flown together before is believed to be due to the increased amount of time for establishing a conventional means of communication.

  18. Coordinating sensing and local navigation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slack, Marc G.

    1991-07-01

    Based on Navigation Templates (or NaTs), this work presents a new paradigm for local navigation which addresses the noisy and uncertain nature of sensor data. Rather than creating a new navigation plan each time the robot's perception of the world changes, the technique incorporates perceptual changes directly into the existing navigation plan. In this way, the robot's navigation plan is quickly and continuously modified, resulting in actions that remain coordinated with its changing perception of the world.

  19. Unusual ligand coordination for cesium

    SciTech Connect

    Bryan, J.C.; Kavallieratos, K.; Sachleben, R.A.

    2000-04-03

    When complexed by tetrabenzo-24-crown-8, the cesium ion can accommodate unprecedented ligation. The structures of the complexes are presented. These structures are the first reported examples of linear {eta}{sup 2}-acetonitrile coordination to any metal ion and the first structures illustrating {eta}{sup 2}-acetonitrile and dichloromethane ligation to an alkali metal ion. Possible steric and electronic origins of these unusual metal-ligand interactions are discussed.

  20. Coordinating sensing and local navigation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Slack, Marc G.

    1991-01-01

    Based on Navigation Templates (or NaTs), this work presents a new paradigm for local navigation which addresses the noisy and uncertain nature of sensor data. Rather than creating a new navigation plan each time the robot's perception of the world changes, the technique incorporates perceptual changes directly into the existing navigation plan. In this way, the robot's navigation plan is quickly and continuously modified, resulting in actions that remain coordinated with its changing perception of the world.

  1. Coordinating Council. Fifth Meeting: Quality

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    This NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program Coordinating Council meeting had a theme of Quality. Four presentations were made with the following titles: How much quality can you pay for?, What the Center for AeroSpace Information has done to improve quality, Quality from the user standpoint, and Database quality: user views test producer perception. Visuals as well as discussion summaries are also included.

  2. Equatorially coordinated lanthanide single ion magnets.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Peng; Zhang, Li; Wang, Chao; Xue, Shufang; Lin, Shuang-Yan; Tang, Jinkui

    2014-03-26

    The magnetic relaxation dynamics of low-coordinate Dy(III) and Er(III) complexes, namely three-coordinate ones with an equatorially coordinated triangle geometry and five-coordinate ones with a trigonal bipyramidal geometry, have been exploited for the first time. The three-coordinate Er-based complex is the first equatorially coordinated mononuclear Er-based single-molecule magnet (SMM) corroborating that simple models can effectively direct the design of target SMMs incorporating 4f-elements. PMID:24625001

  3. Porphyrin coordination polymer nanospheres and nanorods

    DOEpatents

    Wang, Zhongchun; Shelnutt, John A.; Medforth, Craig J.

    2012-12-04

    A porphyrin coordination polymer nanostructure comprising a network of pyridyl porphyrin molecules and coordinating metal ions coordinatively bound through the pyridyl groups. In some embodiments, the porphyrins are metalloporphyrins. A variety of nanostructures are formed by the network polymer, including nanospheres, polygonal nanostructures, nanorods, and nanofibers, depending on a variety of factors including coordination metal ion, porphyrin type, metal of the metalloporphyrin, and degree of agitation during nanostructure formation. Reduction of coordinating metal ions may be used to form metal nanoparticles on the coordination polymer nanostructure.

  4. Situational awareness of a coordinated cyber attack

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sudit, Moises; Stotz, Adam; Holender, Michael

    2005-03-01

    As technology continues to advance, services and capabilities become computerized, and an ever increasing amount of business is conducted electronically the threat of cyber attacks gets compounded by the complexity of such attacks and the criticality of the information which must be secured. A new age of virtual warfare has dawned in which seconds can differentiate between the protection of vital information and/or services and a malicious attacker attaining their goal. In this paper we present a novel approach in the real-time detection of multistage coordinated cyber attacks and the promising initial testing results we have obtained. We introduce INFERD (INformation Fusion Engine for Real-time Decision-making), an adaptable information fusion engine which performs fusion at levels zero, one, and two to provide real-time situational assessment and its application to the cyber domain in the ECCARS (Event Correlation for Cyber Attack Recognition System) system. The advantages to our approach are fourfold: (1) The complexity of the attacks which we consider, (2) the level of abstraction in which the analyst interacts with the attack scenarios, (3) the speed at which the information fusion is presented and performed, and (4) our disregard for ad-hoc rules or a priori parameters.

  5. Sonochemical synthesis and characterization of new one-dimensional manganese(II) coordination polymer nanostructures.

    PubMed

    Morsali, Ahmad; Hosseini-Monfared, Hassan; Morsali, Ali; Mayer, Peter

    2015-05-01

    A new Mn(II) coordination polymer, [Mn (L1)2(NCS)2]n (1) [L1=3,4-bis(4-pyridyl)-5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole] was synthesized by the reaction of ligand L1 and mixtures of manganese(II) acetate and potassium thiocyanate using the heat gradient method. Compound 1 has been characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analyses and X-ray crystallography. The crystal structure of compound 1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and shows a new interesting one-dimensional coordination polymer. Nanostructures of compound 1 have been synthesized by sonochemical method. The products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and IR spectroscopy. The thermal stability of nano particles of compound 1 was studied by thermal gravimetric and differential thermal analyses. PMID:25483353

  6. 33 CFR 165.8 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after...

  7. 33 CFR 165.8 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after...

  8. 33 CFR 165.8 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after...

  9. 33 CFR 165.8 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after...

  10. 33 CFR 165.8 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after...

  11. Coordinate Reference System Metadata in Interdisciplinary Environmental Modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blodgett, D. L.; Arctur, D. K.; Hnilo, J.; Danko, D. M.; Rutledge, G. K.

    2011-12-01

    input observational data, further coordinate transformations on data used by a down-workflow modeler can compound issues already in the data's geolocation. This illustrates a basic issue; coordinate reference system metadata is often disregarded on model-input data streams, or (if considered) preserved through processing to be reflected accurately in output. Whether justified for the particular application or not, accounting for datum metadata should be considered to be a requirement for all data to be shared for interdisciplinary science. This paper addresses these issues in two ways: first, to clearly demonstrate the importance of maintaining CRS with input data; and second, to show how the use of current widespread geospatial data standards and practices can be applied almost transparently to many researchers, by insertion of key standard practices as far back in the "food chain" as practical.

  12. 49 CFR 214.325 - Train coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker Protection § 214.325 Train coordination. Working limits established by a roadway worker through the use of train coordination shall comply with the... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Train coordination. 214.325 Section...

  13. 49 CFR 214.325 - Train coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker Protection § 214.325 Train coordination. Working limits established by a roadway worker through the use of train coordination shall comply with the... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Train coordination. 214.325 Section...

  14. 49 CFR 214.325 - Train coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker Protection § 214.325 Train coordination. Working limits established by a roadway worker through the use of train coordination shall comply with the... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Train coordination. 214.325 Section...

  15. 49 CFR 214.325 - Train coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker Protection § 214.325 Train coordination. Working limits established by a roadway worker through the use of train coordination shall comply with the... 49 Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Train coordination. 214.325 Section...

  16. Grant Administration Manual for Title III Coordinators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathis, Emily Duncan; Ashmore, Frances W.

    Guidelines for coordinators of programs under Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965 are presented, based on a national survey of Title III program coordinators. The responsibilities of the coordinator and information on administering the Strengthening Developing Institutions Program (SDIP) grant are covered. The program can either be a…

  17. 29 CFR 42.8 - Coordination plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... health of migrant farmworkers. The plan shall include a statistical summary of prior-year complaints... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Coordination plan. 42.8 Section 42.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor COORDINATED ENFORCEMENT § 42.8 Coordination plan. (a) Based upon, among other things,...

  18. 29 CFR 42.8 - Coordination plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... health of migrant farmworkers. The plan shall include a statistical summary of prior-year complaints... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Coordination plan. 42.8 Section 42.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor COORDINATED ENFORCEMENT § 42.8 Coordination plan. (a) Based upon, among other things,...

  19. 29 CFR 42.8 - Coordination plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... health of migrant farmworkers. The plan shall include a statistical summary of prior-year complaints... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Coordination plan. 42.8 Section 42.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor COORDINATED ENFORCEMENT § 42.8 Coordination plan. (a) Based upon, among other things,...

  20. 47 CFR 80.513 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 80.513 Section 80.513... MARITIME SERVICES Private Coast Stations and Marine Utility Stations § 80.513 Frequency coordination. (a... frequency coordinating committee must be accompanied by: (1) A report based on a field study, indicating...

  1. 47 CFR 74.638 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... frequency coordinated under this paragraph, the interference protection criteria in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the frequency usage coordination procedures in 47 CFR 101.103(d) will apply. (c) For each... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 74.638 Section...

  2. 47 CFR 74.638 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... frequency coordinated under this paragraph, the interference protection criteria in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the frequency usage coordination procedures in 47 CFR 101.103(d) will apply. (c) For each... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 74.638 Section...

  3. 47 CFR 95.1111 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 95.1111 Section 95.1111... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1111 Frequency coordination. (a... devices must register all devices with a designated frequency coordinator. Except as specified in §...

  4. 47 CFR 95.1111 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 95.1111 Section 95.1111... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1111 Frequency coordination. (a... devices must register all devices with a designated frequency coordinator. Except as specified in §...

  5. 47 CFR 95.1111 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 95.1111 Section 95.1111... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1111 Frequency coordination. (a... devices must register all devices with a designated frequency coordinator. Except as specified in §...

  6. 47 CFR 80.513 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 80.513 Section 80.513... MARITIME SERVICES Private Coast Stations and Marine Utility Stations § 80.513 Frequency coordination. (a... frequency coordinating committee must be accompanied by: (1) A report based on a field study, indicating...

  7. 47 CFR 74.638 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... frequency coordinated under this paragraph, the interference protection criteria in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the frequency usage coordination procedures in 47 CFR 101.103(d) will apply. (c) For each... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 74.638 Section...

  8. 47 CFR 74.638 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... frequency coordinated under this paragraph, the interference protection criteria in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the frequency usage coordination procedures in 47 CFR 101.103(d) will apply. (c) For each... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 74.638 Section...

  9. 47 CFR 80.513 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 80.513 Section 80.513... MARITIME SERVICES Private Coast Stations and Marine Utility Stations § 80.513 Frequency coordination. (a... frequency coordinating committee must be accompanied by: (1) A report based on a field study, indicating...

  10. 47 CFR 95.1111 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 95.1111 Section 95.1111... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1111 Frequency coordination. (a... devices must register all devices with a designated frequency coordinator. Except as specified in §...

  11. 47 CFR 80.513 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 80.513 Section 80.513... MARITIME SERVICES Private Coast Stations and Marine Utility Stations § 80.513 Frequency coordination. (a... frequency coordinating committee must be accompanied by: (1) A report based on a field study, indicating...

  12. 47 CFR 80.513 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 80.513 Section 80.513... MARITIME SERVICES Private Coast Stations and Marine Utility Stations § 80.513 Frequency coordination. (a... frequency coordinating committee must be accompanied by: (1) A report based on a field study, indicating...

  13. 47 CFR 95.1111 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 95.1111 Section 95.1111... SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1111 Frequency coordination. (a... devices must register all devices with a designated frequency coordinator. Except as specified in §...

  14. Discrete radon transform with shift of coordinate

    SciTech Connect

    Wei, X.; Wu, L.

    1994-12-31

    This paper describes the Radon transform with shift of coordinates. The appropriate shift value of spatial coordinate gives less alias in the data reconstruction and the appropriate shift value of frequency coordinate makes the reconstruction stable. The method is suitable to signal processing of seismogram, an example of wave field separation to practical VSP data is shown in the paper.

  15. 47 CFR 27.57 - International coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false International coordination. 27.57 Section 27.57... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Technical Standards § 27.57 International coordination. (a) WCS operations in the border... WCS spectrum shall be subject to international satellite coordination procedures. (b) Operation in...

  16. 47 CFR 27.57 - International coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false International coordination. 27.57 Section 27.57... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Technical Standards § 27.57 International coordination. Link to an amendment published at... international satellite coordination procedures. (b) Operation in the 698-758 MHz, 775-788 MHz, and 805-806...

  17. 47 CFR 27.57 - International coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false International coordination. 27.57 Section 27.57... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Technical Standards § 27.57 International coordination. (a) WCS operations in the border... WCS spectrum shall be subject to international satellite coordination procedures. (b) Operation in...

  18. 47 CFR 27.57 - International coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false International coordination. 27.57 Section 27.57... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Technical Standards § 27.57 International coordination. (a) WCS operations in the border... WCS spectrum shall be subject to international satellite coordination procedures. (b) Operation in...

  19. 47 CFR 27.57 - International coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false International coordination. 27.57 Section 27.57... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Technical Standards § 27.57 International coordination. (a) WCS operations in the border... WCS spectrum shall be subject to international satellite coordination procedures. (b) Operation in...

  20. 7 CFR 23.3 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coordination. 23.3 Section 23.3 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture STATE AND REGIONAL ANNUAL PLANS OF WORK State Program § 23.3 Coordination... designate an official who will be responsible for the overall coordination of the authorized programs...

  1. 20 CFR 631.37 - Coordination activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Coordination activities. 631.37 Section 631... TITLE III OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT State Administration § 631.37 Coordination activities. (a... U.S.C. 2311) or part 617 of this chapter (section 311(b)(10)). Such coordination shall be...

  2. 7 CFR 23.3 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Coordination. 23.3 Section 23.3 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture STATE AND REGIONAL ANNUAL PLANS OF WORK State Program § 23.3 Coordination... designate an official who will be responsible for the overall coordination of the authorized programs...

  3. 20 CFR 631.37 - Coordination activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Coordination activities. 631.37 Section 631... TITLE III OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT State Administration § 631.37 Coordination activities. (a... U.S.C. 2311) or part 617 of this chapter (section 311(b)(10)). Such coordination shall be...

  4. 47 CFR 15.525 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 15.525 Section 15.525 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Ultra-Wideband Operation § 15.525 Coordination requirements. (a) UWB imaging systems require coordination through the FCC before the equipment may be used....

  5. 78 FR 57128 - Forest Resource Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-17

    ...The Forest Resource Coordinating Committee Meeting will meet in Rosslyn, Virginia. The Committee is authorized under Section 8005 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (the Act) (Pub. L. 110- 246). The purpose of the Committee is to provide direction and coordination of actions within the Department of Agriculture, and coordination with State agencies and the private sector, to......

  6. 45 CFR 1310.23 - Coordinated transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Coordinated transportation. 1310.23 Section 1310... START PROGRAM HEAD START TRANSPORTATION Special Requirements § 1310.23 Coordinated transportation. (a) Each agency providing transportation services must make reasonable efforts to coordinate...

  7. 45 CFR 1310.23 - Coordinated transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Coordinated transportation. 1310.23 Section 1310... START PROGRAM HEAD START TRANSPORTATION Special Requirements § 1310.23 Coordinated transportation. (a) Each agency providing transportation services must make reasonable efforts to coordinate...

  8. 45 CFR 1310.23 - Coordinated transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Coordinated transportation. 1310.23 Section 1310... START PROGRAM HEAD START TRANSPORTATION Special Requirements § 1310.23 Coordinated transportation. (a) Each agency providing transportation services must make reasonable efforts to coordinate...

  9. 45 CFR 1310.23 - Coordinated transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Coordinated transportation. 1310.23 Section 1310... START PROGRAM HEAD START TRANSPORTATION Special Requirements § 1310.23 Coordinated transportation. (a) Each agency providing transportation services must make reasonable efforts to coordinate...

  10. 45 CFR 1310.23 - Coordinated transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coordinated transportation. 1310.23 Section 1310... START PROGRAM HEAD START TRANSPORTATION Special Requirements § 1310.23 Coordinated transportation. (a) Each agency providing transportation services must make reasonable efforts to coordinate...

  11. Coordination of multiple robot arms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barker, L. K.; Soloway, D.

    1987-01-01

    Kinematic resolved-rate control from one robot arm is extended to the coordinated control of multiple robot arms in the movement of an object. The structure supports the general movement of one axis system (moving reference frame) with respect to another axis system (control reference frame) by one or more robot arms. The grippers of the robot arms do not have to be parallel or at any pre-disposed positions on the object. For multiarm control, the operator chooses the same moving and control reference frames for each of the robot arms. Consequently, each arm then moves as though it were carrying out the commanded motions by itself.

  12. IGS Network Coordinator Report - 2002

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, Angelyn

    2004-01-01

    The IGS network is a set of permanent, continuously-operating, dual-frequency GPS stations operated by over 100 worldwide agencies. The dataset is pooled at IGS Data Centers for routine use by IGS Analysis Centers in creating precise IGS products, as well as free access by other analysts around the world. The IGS Central Bureau hosts the IGS Network Coordinator, who assures adherence to standards and provides information regarding the IGS network via the Central Bureau Information System website at http://igscb.jpl.nasa.gov.

  13. Computer aided coordinate measuring systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nastri, J. W.

    Sikorsky's computer-aided inspection system and equipment utilized to assure that manufactured parts meet drawing tolerance specifications are discussed. An overview of the system is given, and the software is described, including the monitor console routine and commands and the language commands. The system's three coordinate measuring machines are discussed, and the part inspection methods are described in stepwise fashion. System benefits and time savings items are detailed, including quick and accurate measurement of parts difficult to inspect by conventional methods, significant reduction in inspection time, a consistent baseline that highlights variances, and the use of personnel with lower skill levels to effectively inspect critical parts.

  14. Coordinating Council. Seventh Meeting: Acquisitions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    The theme for this NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program Coordinating Council meeting was Acquisitions. In addition to NASA and the NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI) presentations, the report contains fairly lengthy visuals about acquisitions at the Defense Technical Information Center. CASI's acquisitions program and CASI's proactive acquisitions activity were described. There was a presentation on the document evaluation process at CASI. A talk about open literature scope and coverage at the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics was also given. An overview of the STI Program's Acquisitions Experts Committee was given next. Finally acquisitions initiatives of the NASA STI program were presented.

  15. Production of epoxy compounds from olefinic compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Gelbein, A.P.; Kwon, J.T.

    1985-01-29

    Chlorine and tertiary alkanol dissolved in an inert organic solvent are reacted with aqueous alkali to produce tertiary alkyl hypochlorite which is recovered in the organic solvent and reacted with water and olefinically unsaturated compound to produce chlorohydrin and tertiary alkanol. Chlorohydrin and tertiary alkanol recovered in the organic solvent are contacted with aqueous alkali to produce the epoxy compound, and tertiary alkanol recovered in the organic solvent is recycled to hypochlorite production. The process may be integrated with the electrolytic production of chlorine, with an appropriate treatment of the recycle aqueous stream when required.

  16. Centrosymmetric and chiral porous thorium organic frameworks exhibiting uncommon thorium coordination environments.

    PubMed

    Li, Yuxiang; Weng, Zhehui; Wang, Yanlong; Chen, Lanhua; Sheng, Daopeng; Liu, Yunhai; Diwu, Juan; Chai, Zhifang; Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E; Wang, Shuao

    2015-12-28

    The solvothermal reaction of thorium nitrate and tris-(4-carboxylphenyl)phosphine oxide in DMF affords a centrosymmetric porous thorium organic framework compound [Th(TPO)(OH)(H2O)]·8H2O (1). In contrast, the ionothermal reaction of the same reagents in the ionic liquid 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride results in the formation of a rare example of a chiral and porous thorium organic framework compound, [C9H17N2][Th(TPO)Cl2]·18H2O (2), which is derived solely from achiral starting materials. The geometries of the Th(iv) centers in compounds 1 and 2 are both atypical for low valent actinides, which can be best described as a ten-coordinate spherical sphenocorona and an irregular muffin, respectively. A large cavity of 17.5 Å (max. face to face) × 8 Å (min. face to face) with a BET surface area of 623 m(2) g(-1) in compound 2 is observed. The poor stability indicated by thermal gravimetric analysis and the water-resistance test for compound 2 may be due to the unique anisotropic coordination geometry for thorium. Temperature-dependent luminescence studies for both compounds indicate that the trends in the intensity vary as the Th-Th distance and the coordination environments of Th(iv) centers change. PMID:26564496

  17. Ecotoxicology of organofluorous compounds.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Margaret B; Loi, Eva I H; Kwok, Karen Y; Lam, Paul K S

    2012-01-01

    Organofluorous compounds have been developed for myriad purposes in a variety of fields, including manufacturing, industry, agriculture, and medicine. The widespread use and application of these compounds has led to increasing concern about their potential ecological toxicity, particularly because of the stability of the C-F bond, which can result in chemical persistence in the environment. This chapter reviews the chemical properties and ecotoxicology of four groups of organofluorous compounds: fluorinated refrigerants and propellants, per- and polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs), fluorinated pesticides, and fluoroquinolone antibiotics. These groups vary in their environmental fate and partitioning, but each raises concern in terms of ecological risk on both the regional and global scale, particularly those compounds with long environmental half-lives. Further research on the occurrence and toxicities of many of these compounds is needed for a more comprehensive understanding of their ecological effects. PMID:21952849

  18. XAFS Model Compound Library

    DOE Data Explorer

    Newville, Matthew

    The XAFS Model Compound Library contains XAFS data on model compounds. The term "model" compounds refers to compounds of homogeneous and well-known crystallographic or molecular structure. Each data file in this library has an associated atoms.inp file that can be converted to a feff.inp file using the program ATOMS. (See the related Searchable Atoms.inp Archive at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/~newville/adb/) This Library exists because XAFS data on model compounds is useful for several reasons, including comparing to unknown data for "fingerprinting" and testing calculations and analysis methods. The collection here is currently limited, but is growing. The focus to date has been on inorganic compounds and minerals of interest to the geochemical community. [Copied, with editing, from http://cars9.uchicago.edu/~newville/ModelLib/

  19. Grid-coordinate generation program

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cosner, Oliver J.; Horwich, Esther

    1974-01-01

    This program description of the grid-coordinate generation program is written for computer users who are familiar with digital aquifer models. The program computes the coordinates for a variable grid -used in the 'Pinder Model' (a finite-difference aquifer simulator), for input to the CalComp GPCP (general purpose contouring program). The program adjusts the y-value by a user-supplied constant in order to transpose the origin of the model grid from the upper left-hand corner to the lower left-hand corner of the grid. The user has the options of, (1.) choosing the boundaries of the plot; (2.) adjusting the z-values (altitudes) by a constant; (3.) deleting superfluous z-values and (4.) subtracting the simulated surfaces from each other to obtain the decline. Output of this program includes the fixed format CNTL data cards and the other data cards required for input to GPCP. The output from GPCP then is used to produce a potentiometric map or a decline map by means of the CalComp plotter.

  20. Amide coordination effects in organolithiums

    SciTech Connect

    Bachrach, S.M.; Ritchie, J.P. )

    1989-04-26

    Organolithiums containing the amide group are examined by ab initio molecular orbital calculations with the 3-21G basis set. Amide coordination with the metal cation results in a large thermodynamic stabilization of the ion pair. Basis set superposition errors at 3-21G are estimated to favor the complex by 10-15 kcal mol{sup {minus}1}; nevertheless, qualitative trends at this level are believed to be reliable. The calculations stabilization energy due to the amide drops off depending upon whether lithiation occurs {alpha}, {beta}, or {gamma} to the amide - provided the cation is accessible to the amide oxygen. Without correction for basis set superposition error, stabilization energies at 3-21G (in kcal mol{sup {minus}1}) are 45 in acetamide, 40 in benzamide, and 38 in syn-bicyclo(1.1.1)-pentane-2-carboxamide. Amide coordination effects in lithiocubanes are also estimated and found to be large. Thus, thermodynamics plays an important role in amide-assisted metalations. In addition, formation of an acetamide-methyllithium complex is found to be 37.5 kcal mol{sup {minus}1} exothermic relative to separated molecules, suggesting that formation of this complex lies along the metalation reaction pathways. This complexation facilitates the reaction kinetically. Analysis of electron density distributions and electrostatic potentials shows that the carbanion-lithium and the amide-lithium interactions are primarily closed-shell ones, being essentially ionic bonds.

  1. Intelligent navigation and multivehicle coordination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKay, Mark D.; Anderson, Matthew O.; Kinoshita, Robert A.; Flann, Nicholas S.

    1999-07-01

    The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) and Utah State University's Center for Self-Organizing and Intelligent Systems have developed a team of autonomous robotic vehicles. This paper discusses the development of a strategy that uses a sophisticated, highly intelligent sensor platform to allow centralized coordination between smaller and inexpensive robots. The three components of the multi-agent cooperative scheme are small-scale robots, large-scale robots, and the central control station running a mission and path- planning software. The smaller robots are used for activities where the probability of loss increases, such as Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) or mine detonation. The research is aimed at building simple, inexpensive multi-agent vehicles and an intelligent navigation and multi-vehicle coordination system suitable for UXO, environmental remediation or mine detection. These simplified robots are capable of conducting hunting missions using low-cost positioning sensors and intelligent algorithms. Additionally, a larger sensor-rich intelligent system capable of transporting smaller units to outlying remote sites has been developed. The larger system interfaces to the central control station and provides navigation assistance to multiple low-cost vehicles. Finally, mission and path-planning software serves as the operator control unit, allowing central data collection, map creation and tracking, and an interface to the larger system as well as each smaller unit. The power of this scheme is the ability to scale to the appropriate level for the complexity of the mission.

  2. How precise are reported protein coordinate data?

    PubMed

    Konagurthu, Arun S; Allison, Lloyd; Abramson, David; Stuckey, Peter J; Lesk, Arthur M

    2014-03-01

    Atomic coordinates in the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB) are generally reported to greater precision than the experimental structure determinations have actually achieved. By using information theory and data compression to study the compressibility of protein atomic coordinates, it is possible to quantify the amount of randomness in the coordinate data and thereby to determine the realistic precision of the reported coordinates. On average, the value of each C(α) coordinate in a set of selected protein structures solved at a variety of resolutions is good to about 0.1 Å. PMID:24598758

  3. Media Coordinators and Superintendents' Views: Interpretations About the Media Coordinator's Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margoles, Richard Allan

    In this limited study, two areas were of primary concern: the media coordinator's responsibilities and the media coordinator's personality traits. School superintendents and media coordinators were asked to rank the importance of eleven media responsibilities. They were also asked to rank the types of personality traits a media coordinator should…

  4. Preparation of uranium compounds

    DOEpatents

    Kiplinger, Jaqueline L; Montreal, Marisa J; Thomson, Robert K; Cantat, Thibault; Travia, Nicholas E

    2013-02-19

    UI.sub.3(1,4-dioxane).sub.1.5 and UI.sub.4(1,4-dioxane).sub.2, were synthesized in high yield by reacting turnings of elemental uranium with iodine dissolved in 1,4-dioxane under mild conditions. These molecular compounds of uranium are thermally stable and excellent precursor materials for synthesizing other molecular compounds of uranium including alkoxide, amide, organometallic, and halide compounds.

  5. Nitrodifluoraminoterphenyl compounds and processes

    DOEpatents

    Lerom, M.W.; Peters, H.M.

    1975-07-08

    This patent relates to the nitrodifluoraminoterphenyl compounds: 3,3''-bis (difluoramino)-2,2'' 4,4', 4'',6,6',6''-octanitro-m-terphenyl (DDONT) and 3,3''-bis(difluoramino)-2,2',2''4,4',4'',6,6',6''-nonanitro-m-terphenyl (DDNONA). Procedures are described wherein diamino precursors of the indicated compounds are prepared and the final compounds are obtained by a fluorination operation. The compounds are highly energetic and suitable for use as explosives and particularly in exploding bridge wire (EBW) detonators. (auth)

  6. Spin-labelled cyclometallated palladium complexes. EPR study of dynamic processes in coordination sphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kozhanov, K. A.; Bubnov, M. P.; Abakumov, G. A.; Cherkasov, V. K.

    2012-12-01

    New four-, five- and six-coordinated cyclometallated o-semiquinonato palladium complexes were obtained and characterized in solution by EPR. Interaction of square-planar azaphenyl palladium semiquinonate with mono and bidentate phosphane donors leads to formation of five- and six-coordinated adducts. Typical values of HFC constants on apical and basal phosphorouses are observed for such compounds. In one case the reversible addition of tri-phenyl-phosphane was observed. The coordination mode of pincer ligand (bi- or tridentate) in o-semiquinonato pincer complexes depends on the nature of linker between coordinating group and pincer aryl ring. In the case of sbnd CH2sbnd linker five coordinated complexes are formed. The "swing" and "fan" oscillations are observed for these compounds. Complexes with sbnd Osbnd linker are the first examples of compounds with bidentate bonded phosphorous-based pincer ligand. Most of complexes are unstable and decompose during some hours. Only the application of o-semiquinones as spin labels and using the EPR technique made possible to observe and interpret their structure.

  7. Bismuth coordination networks containing deferiprone: synthesis, characterisation, stability and antibacterial activity.

    PubMed

    Burrows, Andrew D; Jurcic, Monika; Mahon, Mary F; Pierrat, Sandrine; Roffe, Gavin W; Windle, Henry J; Spencer, John

    2015-08-21

    A series of bismuth-dicarboxylate-deferiprone coordination networks have been prepared and structurally characterised. The new compounds have been demonstrated to release the iron overload drug deferiprone on treatment with PBS and have also been shown to have antibacterial activity against H. pylori. PMID:26172618

  8. [General coordination of hospital activity].

    PubMed

    Rodríguez, Paz; Serra, José Antonio

    2005-03-01

    The present article describes the organizational and general coordination measures taken by the hospital management to attend the 325 victims who arrived at our hospital after the terrorist attack on the morning of 11 March. Firstly, we summarize the activity performed by the extra-hospital emergency services and the distribution of the victims in centers. Secondly, we describe in greater detail the interventions performed to initiate the External Emergency Action Plan in our hospital, the triage system and identification of patients who used it, as well as the resources in terms of beds, operating rooms and personnel that were used on that day. Lastly, by way of discussion, we provide a critical analysis of our interventions. PMID:15771833

  9. Wave propagation in complex coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horsley, S. A. R.; King, C. G.; Philbin, T. G.

    2016-04-01

    We give an interpretation for the use of complex spatial coordinates in electromagnetism, in terms of a family of closely related inhomogeneous media. Using this understanding we find that the phenomenon of reflection can be related to branch cuts in the wave that originate from poles of ε (z) at complex positions. Demanding that these branch cuts disappear, we derive a new large family of inhomogeneous media that are reflectionless for a single angle of incidence. Extending this property to all angles of incidence leads us to a generalized form of the Pöschl Teller potentials that in general include regions of loss and gain. We conclude by analyzing our findings within the phase integral (WKB) method, and find another very large family of isotropic planar media that from one side have a transmission of unity and reflection of zero, for all angles of incidence.

  10. Coordination of two redundant robots

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tao, Jian M.; Luh, J. Y. S.

    1989-01-01

    A solution is presented for the optimal force distributions of two redundant coordinating robots. Two robots whose end-effectors firmly grasp a common inertial load form a closed-chain structure, and thus the robots must observe a set of constraint conditions on (1) the end-effector positions, orientations, linear and angular velocities and (2) the forces and torques inserted onto the end-effectors by the load. To achieve the maximum load capability, the optimal force distribution under the known posture is developed. If the robots are redundant, joint solutions may be obtained if some optimization criterion such as manipulability is imposed. The singularity, manipulability, and force ellipsoids are investigated in terms of the two manipulator Jacobian matrices. The manipulability is shown to correspond to the cascade structure, while the force ellipsoid corresponds to the parallel structure in terms of the manipulator Jacobian matrices.

  11. ProC: Process Coordinator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hovest, Wolfgang; Knoche, Jörg; Hell, Reinhard; Doerl, Uwe; Riller, Thomas; Matthai, Frank; Ensslin, Torsten; Rachen, Jörg; Robbers, Georg; Adorf, Hans-Martin; Reinecke, Martin; Bartelmann, Matthias

    2016-01-01

    ProC (short for Process Coordinator) is a versatile workflow engine that allows the user to build, run and manage workflows with just a few clicks. It automatically documents every processing step, making every modification to data reproducible. ProC provides a graphical user interface for constructing complex data processing workflows out of a given set of computer programs. The user can, for example, specify that only data products which are affected by a change in the input data are updated selectively, avoiding unnecessary computations. The ProC suite is flexible and satisfies basic needs of data processing centers that have to be able to restructure their data processing along with the development of a project.

  12. Communication indices of crew coordination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kanki, B. G.; Lozito, S.; Foushee, H. C.

    1989-01-01

    The relationship between communication patterns and performance in 10 two-person flightcrews is explored with the aim of identifying speech variations which differentiate low- and high-error full mission simulator flights. Verbal data, transcribed from the videotaped performances, are treated as interactive sequences of speech events in which statements spoken by one crewmember are considered within the context of the other crewmember's prior and subsequent speech. Specific speech patterns characterized each crew, but the overriding findings included: a) marked homogeneity of patterns characterizing low-error crews, interpreted as the adoption of a standard form of communicating, and b) heterogeneity of patterns characterizing high-error crews, interpreted as the relative absence of a conventionalized form. Because conventions are regularities which confirm the expectations of those involved, predictability of crewmember behavior should be greater when standard conventions are followed. We conclude that such a practice can facilitate the coordination process and enhance crew performance.

  13. Pharmaceutical compounding or pharmaceutical manufacturing? A regulatory perspective.

    PubMed

    Timko, Robert J; Crooker, Philip E M

    2014-01-01

    At one time, nearly all prescriptions were compounded preparations. There is an ongoing demand for compounded prescription medications because manufacturers cannot fulfill the needs of all individual patients. Compounding pharmacies are a long standing yet less frequently discussed element in the complex matrix of prescription drug manufacturing, distribution, and patient use. The drug shortage situation for many necessary and life-saving drug products is a complicating factor that has led to the numerous quality issues that currently plague large-scale compounding pharmacies. The states are the primary regulator of pharmacies, including community drug stores, large chains, and specialty pharmacies. Pharmacies making and distributing drugs in a way that is outside the bounds of traditional pharmacy compounding are of great concern to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The U.S. Congress has recently passed the Drug Quality and Security Act. This legislation establishes a clear boundary between traditional compounders and compounding manufacturers. It clarifies a national, uniform set of rules for compounding manufacturers while preserving the states' primary role in traditional pharmacy regulation. It clarifies the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's authority over the compounding of human drugs while requiring the Agency to engage and coordinate with states to ensure the safety of compounded drugs. PMID:24881112

  14. Coordination Chemistry of Homoleptic Actinide(IV)-Thiocyanate Complexes.

    PubMed

    Carter, Tyler J; Wilson, Richard E

    2015-10-26

    The synthesis, X-ray crystal structure, vibrational and optical spectroscopy for the eight-coordinate thiocyanate compounds, [Et4 N]4 [Pu(IV) (NCS)8 ], [Et4 N]4 [Th(IV) (NCS)8 ], and [Et4 N]4 [Ce(III) (NCS)7 (H2 O)] are reported. Thiocyanate was found to rapidly reduce plutonium to Pu(III) in acidic solutions (pH<1) in the presence of NCS(-) . The optical spectrum of [Et4 N][SCN] containing Pu(III) solution was indistinguishable from that of aquated Pu(III) suggesting that inner-sphere complexation with [Et4 N][SCN] does not occur in water. However, upon concentration, the homoleptic thiocyanate complex [Et4 N]4 [Pu(IV) (NCS)8 ] was crystallized when a large excess of [Et4 N][NCS] was present. This compound, along with its U(IV) analogue, maintains inner-sphere thiocyanate coordination in acetonitrile based on the observation of intense ligand-to-metal charge-transfer bands. Spectroscopic and crystallographic data do not support the interaction of the metal orbitals with the ligand π system, but support an enhanced An(IV) -NCS interaction, as the Lewis acidity of the metal ion increases from Th to Pu. PMID:26493880

  15. Intercalation compounds involving inorganic layered structures

    PubMed

    Constantino; Barbosa; Bizeto; Dias

    2000-01-01

    Two-dimensional inorganic networks can shown intracrystalline reactivity, i.e., simple ions, large species as Keggin ions, organic species, coordination compounds or organometallics can be incorporated in the interlayer region. The host-guest interaction usually causes changes in their chemical, catalytic, electronic and optical properties. The isolation of materials with interesting properties and making use of soft chemistry routes have given rise the possibility of industrial and technological applications of these compounds. We have been using several synthetic approaches to intercalate porphyrins and phthalocyanines into inorganic materials: smectite clays, layered double hydroxides and layered niobates. The isolated materials have been characterized by elemental and thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, surface area measurements, scanning electronic microscopy, electronic and resonance Raman spectroscopies and EPR. The degree of layer stacking and the charge density of the matrices as well their acid-base nature were considered in our studies on the interaction between the macrocycles and inorganic hosts. PMID:10932103

  16. Synthetic applications of pseudocyclic hypervalent iodine compounds.

    PubMed

    Yoshimura, Akira; Yusubov, Mekhman S; Zhdankin, Viktor V

    2016-06-01

    Hypervalent iodine compounds have found wide practical application as versatile, efficient, and sustainable reagents for organic synthesis. Pseudocyclic hypervalent iodine derivatives are characterized by the presence of additional intramolecular non-covalent coordination at the iodine center, which leads to significant alteration of their physical and chemical properties. In comparison with common hypervalent iodine reagents, these pseudocyclic compounds have higher thermal stability, better solubility, and improved reactivity. In recent years, pseudocyclic hypervalent iodine reagents are increasingly used in organic synthesis as environmentally friendly selective oxidants and electrophiles. Furthermore, numerous enantioselective reactions mediated by chiral pseudocyclic hypervalent iodine species have been recently developed. In the present review, the preparation and structural features of pseudocyclic iodine(iii) and iodine(v) derivatives are discussed, and recent developments in their synthetic applications are summarized. PMID:27143521

  17. Reaction Coordinates and Mechanistic Hypothesis Tests.

    PubMed

    Peters, Baron

    2016-05-27

    Reaction coordinates are integral to several classic rate theories that can (a) predict kinetic trends across conditions and homologous reactions, (b) extract activation parameters with a clear physical interpretation from experimental rates, and (c) enable efficient calculations of free energy barriers and rates. New trajectory-based rare events methods can provide rates directly from dynamical trajectories without a reaction coordinate. Trajectory-based frameworks can also generate ideal (but abstract) reaction coordinates such as committors and eigenfunctions of the master equation. However, rates and mechanistic insights obtained from trajectory-based methods and abstract coordinates are not readily generalized across simulation conditions or reaction families. We discuss methods for identifying physically meaningful reaction coordinates, including committor analysis, variational transition state theory, Kramers-Langer-Berezhkovskii-Szabo theory, and statistical inference methods that can use path sampling data to screen, mix, and optimize thousands of trial coordinates. Special focus is given to likelihood maximization and inertial likelihood maximization approaches. PMID:27090846

  18. Reaction Coordinates and Mechanistic Hypothesis Tests

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peters, Baron

    2016-05-01

    Reaction coordinates are integral to several classic rate theories that can (a) predict kinetic trends across conditions and homologous reactions, (b) extract activation parameters with a clear physical interpretation from experimental rates, and (c) enable efficient calculations of free energy barriers and rates. New trajectory-based rare events methods can provide rates directly from dynamical trajectories without a reaction coordinate. Trajectory-based frameworks can also generate ideal (but abstract) reaction coordinates such as committors and eigenfunctions of the master equation. However, rates and mechanistic insights obtained from trajectory-based methods and abstract coordinates are not readily generalized across simulation conditions or reaction families. We discuss methods for identifying physically meaningful reaction coordinates, including committor analysis, variational transition state theory, Kramers-Langer-Berezhkovskii-Szabo theory, and statistical inference methods that can use path sampling data to screen, mix, and optimize thousands of trial coordinates. Special focus is given to likelihood maximization and inertial likelihood maximization approaches.

  19. State-Based Implicit Coordination and Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Narkawicz, Anthony J.; Munoz, Cesar A.

    2011-01-01

    In air traffic management, pairwise coordination is the ability to achieve separation requirements when conflicting aircraft simultaneously maneuver to solve a conflict. Resolution algorithms are implicitly coordinated if they provide coordinated resolution maneuvers to conflicting aircraft when only surveillance data, e.g., position and velocity vectors, is periodically broadcast by the aircraft. This paper proposes an abstract framework for reasoning about state-based implicit coordination. The framework consists of a formalized mathematical development that enables and simplifies the design and verification of implicitly coordinated state-based resolution algorithms. The use of the framework is illustrated with several examples of algorithms and formal proofs of their coordination properties. The work presented here supports the safety case for a distributed self-separation air traffic management concept where different aircraft may use different conflict resolution algorithms and be assured that separation will be maintained.

  20. Configuration space representation in parallel coordinates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fiorini, Paolo; Inselberg, Alfred

    1989-01-01

    By means of a system of parallel coordinates, a nonprojective mapping from R exp N to R squared is obtained for any positive integer N. In this way multivariate data and relations can be represented in the Euclidean plane (embedded in the projective plane). Basically, R squared with Cartesian coordinates is augmented by N parallel axes, one for each variable. The N joint variables of a robotic device can be represented graphically by using parallel coordinates. It is pointed out that some properties of the relation are better perceived visually from the parallel coordinate representation, and that new algorithms and data structures can be obtained from this representation. The main features of parallel coordinates are described, and an example is presented of their use for configuration space representation of a mechanical arm (where Cartesian coordinates cannot be used).

  1. Advancing Space Situational Awareness through International Coordination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onsager, Terrance

    2012-07-01

    The growing interest in Space Situational Awareness and the recognized need for global coordination has led to the involvement of numerous international activities to increase awareness and foster cooperation. These activities are serving to prioritize and to coordinate our efforts and helping to establish a stronger, global Space Situational Awareness enterprise. This coordination is important for our data infrastructure, research developments, and the provision of operational services. Among the organizations that are contributing to this global coordination are: the International Space Environment Service, the World Meteorological Organization, the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, the International Civil Aviation Organization, the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites, and the International Committee on GNSS. In this presentation, the contributions of these various organizations to coordinating our Space Situational Awareness efforts will be described, with an emphasis on space weather.

  2. Spectral Asymmetry Due to Magnetic Coordinates

    SciTech Connect

    Park, Jong-kyu; Boozer, Allen H.; Menard, Jonathan E.

    2008-05-06

    The use of magnetic coordinates is ubiquitous in toroidal plasma physics, but the distortion in Fourier spectra produced by these coordinates is not well known. A spatial symmetry of the field is not always represented by a symmetry in the Fourier spectrum when magnetic coordinates are used because of the distortion of the toroidal angle. The practical importance of spectral distortion is illustrated with a tokamak example.

  3. Reference coordinate systems: An update. Supplement 11

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mueller, Ivan I.

    1988-01-01

    A common requirement for all geodetic investigations is a well-defined coordinate system attached to the earth in some prescribed way, as well as a well-defined inertial coordinate system in which the motions of the terrestrial frame can be monitored. The paper deals with the problems encountered when establishing such coordinate systems and the transformations between them. In addition, problems related to the modeling of the deformable earth are discussed. This paper is an updated version of the earlier work, Reference Coordinate Systems for Earth Dynamics: A Preview, by the author.

  4. Lazy checkpoint coordination for bounding rollback propagation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Yi-Min; Fuchs, W. Kent

    1992-01-01

    Independent checkpointing allows maximum process autonomy but suffers from potential domino effects. Coordinated checkpointing eliminates the domino effect by sacrificing a certain degree of process autonomy. In this paper, we propose the technique of lazy checkpoint coordination which preserves process autonomy while employing communication-induced checkpoint coordination for bounding rollback propagation. The introduction of the notion of laziness allows a flexible trade-off between the cost for checkpoint coordination and the average rollback distance. Worst-case overhead analysis provides a means for estimating the extra checkpoint overhead. Communication trace-driven simulation for several parallel programs is used to evaluate the benefits of the proposed scheme for real applications.

  5. Noncommutative Btz Black Hole in Different Coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ee, Chang-Young

    We consider noncommutative BTZ black hole solutions in two different coordinate systems, the polar and rectangular coordinates. The analysis is carried out by obtaining noncommutative solutions of U(1, 1) × U(1, 1) Chern-Simons theory on AdS3 in the two coordinate systems via the Seiberg-Witten map. This is based on the noncommutative extension of the equivalence between the classical BTZ solution and the solution of ordinary SU(1, 1) × SU(1, 1) Chern-Simons theory on AdS3. The obtained solutions in these noncommutative coordinate systems become different in the first order of the noncommutativity parameter θ.

  6. Optimized coordinates in vibrational coupled cluster calculations

    SciTech Connect

    Thomsen, Bo; Christiansen, Ove; Yagi, Kiyoshi

    2014-04-21

    The use of variationally optimized coordinates, which minimize the vibrational self-consistent field (VSCF) ground state energy with respect to orthogonal transformations of the coordinates, has recently been shown to improve the convergence of vibrational configuration interaction (VCI) towards the exact full VCI [K. Yagi, M. Keçeli, and S. Hirata, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 204118 (2012)]. The present paper proposes an incorporation of optimized coordinates into the vibrational coupled cluster (VCC), which has in the past been shown to outperform VCI in approximate calculations where similar restricted state spaces are employed in VCI and VCC. An embarrassingly parallel algorithm for variational optimization of coordinates for VSCF is implemented and the resulting coordinates and potentials are introduced into a VCC program. The performance of VCC in optimized coordinates (denoted oc-VCC) is examined through pilot applications to water, formaldehyde, and a series of water clusters (dimer, trimer, and hexamer) by comparing the calculated vibrational energy levels with those of the conventional VCC in normal coordinates and VCI in optimized coordinates. For water clusters, in particular, oc-VCC is found to gain orders of magnitude improvement in the accuracy, exemplifying that the combination of optimized coordinates localized to each monomer with the size-extensive VCC wave function provides a supreme description of systems consisting of weakly interacting sub-systems.

  7. 24 CFR 700.130 - Service coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS... disability, using a commonly accepted assessment tool. The service coordinator then will refer to...

  8. ASC Coordinate Transformation---The Pixlib Library

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, H.; McDowell, J.; Conroy, M.

    We describe a coordinate library for AXAF data analysis. The library handles transformations between celestial coordinates and instrumental (mirror, focal plane, detector pixel) coordinate systems. The need for careful transformations is driven by the accuracy of the detectors and the attitude determination system. The coordinate systems are characterized by parameter files generated from experimental and calibration data. Transformation calculations are performed by matrix-representation routines for maximum flexibility. This library is implemented in ANSI C, and uses the SAO IRAF-compatible parameter interface.

  9. The European NEO Coordination Centre

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perozzi, E.; Borgia, B.; Micheli, M.

    An operational approach to NEO (Near-Earth Object) hazard monitoring has been developed at European level within the framework of the Space Situational Awareness Program (SSA) of the European Space Agency (ESA). Through federating European assets and profiting of the expertise developed in European Universities and Research Centers, it has been possible to start the deployment of the so-called SSA NEO Segment. This initiative aims to provide a significant contribution to the worldwide effort to the discovery, follow-up and characterization of the near-Earth object population. A major achievement has been the inauguration in May 2013 of the ESA NEO Coordination Centre located at ESRIN (Frascati, Italy). The goal of the NEOCC Precursor Service operations is twofold: to make available updated information on the NEO population and the associated hazard and to contribute to optimize the NEO observational efforts. This is done by maintaining and improving a Web Portal publicly available at http://neo.ssa.esa.int and by performing follow-up observations through a network of collaborating telescopes and facilities. An overview of the SSA-NEO System and a summary of the first two years of NEOCC operations is presented.

  10. Coordinating locally 'owned' treatment guidelines.

    PubMed

    Collier, J; Picton, C; Littlejohns, P

    1994-01-01

    South West Thames Regional Health Authority established and commissioned a regional guidelines unit to coordinate the introduction of a set of treatment guidelines on the management of common medical emergencies into all the acute intaking National Health Service (NHS) hospitals throughout the region. All hospitals were offered a set of template guidelines to be used at their discretion for producing their own customised equivalent. They were also offered full typing and production facilities, together with printing costs if publication was achieved by a target deadline (1 August 1993). In 11 of the 14 NHS hospitals guidelines were available to hospital staff by the target deadline, and one set was produced for a non-NHS hospital. In two hospitals the target date was not met, and one other declined to take part. As part of the project the unit assessed the extent to which the published guidelines were adapted to meet the requirements of each individual hospital. The template offered guidelines on 34 topic titles. No hospital used all core titles of the original template; titles were omitted or replaced in some, and added in others. Where the original guideline titles were used, there was almost always some customisation--changes in sentence structure, names or contact numbers, alterations in drugs and doses or the addition or omission of entire sections. By using an established resource, sets of customised, locally determined treatment guidelines were introduced with relative ease into most of the acute hospitals in a UK health region. PMID:7884707

  11. Ulysses-UVCS Coordinated Observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Suess, Steven T.; Poletto, G.; Simnett, G. M.; Corti, G.; Neugebauer, M.; Goldstein, B. E.

    1998-01-01

    We present results from coordinated observations in which instruments on SOHO and Ulysses were used to measure the density and flow speed of plasma at the Sun and to again measure the same properties of essentially the same plasma in the solar wind. Plasma was sampled by Ultraviolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) at 3.5 and 4.5 solar radii and by Ulysses at 5 AU. Data were acquired during a nearly 2 week period in May-June 1997 at a latitude of 9-10 degrees north of the equator, on the east limb and, hence, in the streamer belt region and the source location of slow wind. Density and outflow plasma speed are compared, in order to check for preservation of the near Sun characteristics in the interplanetary medium. By chance, Ulysses was at the very northern edge of the visible streamer belt. Nevertheless, no evidence of fast wind, or mixing with fast wind coming from the northern polar coronal hole was evident at Ulysses. The morphology of the streamer belt was the same at the beginning and end of the observation period, but changed markedly during the middle of the period. A corresponding change in density (but not flow speed) was noted at Ulysses.

  12. Stabilized Lanthanum Sulphur Compounds

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, George H. (Inventor); Elsner, Norbert B. (Inventor); Shearer, Clyde H. (Inventor)

    1985-01-01

    Lanthanum sulfide is maintained in the stable cubic phase form over a temperature range of from 500 C to 1500 C by adding to it small amounts of calcium, barium. or strontium. This novel compound is an excellent thermoelectric material.

  13. Heart testing compound

    DOEpatents

    Knapp, Jr., Furn F.; Goodman, Mark M.

    1985-01-01

    The compound 15-(p-[.sup.125 I]-iodophenyl)-6-tellurapentadecanoic acid is disclosed as a myocardial imaging agent having rapid and pronounced uptake, prolonged myocardial retention, and low in vivo deiodination.

  14. Heart testing compound

    DOEpatents

    Knapp, F.F. Jr.; Goodman, M.M.

    1983-06-29

    The compound 15-(p-(/sup 125/I)-iodophenyl)-6-tellurapentadecanoic acid is disclosed as a myocardial imaging agent having rapid and pronounced uptake, prolonged myocardial retention, and low in vivo deiodination.

  15. Anti-Fog Compound

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    Tracer Chemical Corporation's TRX Anti-Fog Composition is an inexpensive product which prevents condensation on plastic and glass surfaces. It was the result from a Tech Briefs article detailing a Johnson Space Center compound.

  16. Compounding a Problem?

    PubMed

    Berlin, Joey

    2016-01-01

    Allergist-immunologists say a U.S. Pharmacopeia proposal will mess with an allergy treatment system that's worked for more than a century. The revised standards, if adopted, would remove a key exemption separating allergen extract preparations from the stricter requirements of other compounds. Immunologists say the exemption has allowed them to compound allergen extracts in their own offices, and they've done so safely and effectively millions of times a year. PMID:27175928

  17. Chemistry of peroxide compounds

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Volnov, I. I.

    1981-01-01

    The history of Soviet research from 1866 to 1967 on peroxide compounds is reviewed. This research dealt mainly with peroxide kinetics, reactivity and characteristics, peroxide production processes, and more recently with superoxides and ozonides and emphasis on the higher oxides of group 1 and 2 elements. Solid state fluidized bed synthesis and production of high purity products based on the relative solubilities of the initial, intermediate, and final compounds and elements in liquid ammonia are discussed.

  18. Compound composite odontoma

    PubMed Central

    Girish, G; Bavle, Radhika M; Singh, Manish Kumar; Prasad, Sahana N

    2016-01-01

    The term odontoma has been used as a descriptor for any tumor of odontogenic origin. It is a growth in which both epithelial and mesenchymal cells exhibits complete differentiation. Odontomas are considered as hamartomas rather than true neoplasm. They are usually discovered on routine radiographic examination. Odontomas, according to the World Health Organization, are classified into complex odontoma and compound odontomas. The present paper reports a case of compound composite odontomas. PMID:27194882

  19. Compound composite odontoma.

    PubMed

    Girish, G; Bavle, Radhika M; Singh, Manish Kumar; Prasad, Sahana N

    2016-01-01

    The term odontoma has been used as a descriptor for any tumor of odontogenic origin. It is a growth in which both epithelial and mesenchymal cells exhibits complete differentiation. Odontomas are considered as hamartomas rather than true neoplasm. They are usually discovered on routine radiographic examination. Odontomas, according to the World Health Organization, are classified into complex odontoma and compound odontomas. The present paper reports a case of compound composite odontomas. PMID:27194882

  20. Phenolic Molding Compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koizumi, Koji; Charles, Ted; de Keyser, Hendrik

    Phenolic Molding Compounds continue to exhibit well balanced properties such as heat resistance, chemical resistance, dimensional stability, and creep resistance. They are widely applied in electrical, appliance, small engine, commutator, and automotive applications. As the focus of the automotive industry is weight reduction for greater fuel efficiency, phenolic molding compounds become appealing alternatives to metals. Current market volumes and trends, formulation components and its impact on properties, and a review of common manufacturing methods are presented. Molding processes as well as unique advanced techniques such as high temperature molding, live sprue, and injection/compression technique provide additional benefits in improving the performance characterisitics of phenolic molding compounds. Of special interest are descriptions of some of the latest innovations in automotive components, such as the phenolic intake manifold and valve block for dual clutch transmissions. The chapter also characterizes the most recent developments in new materials, including long glass phenolic molding compounds and carbon fiber reinforced phenolic molding compounds exhibiting a 10-20-fold increase in Charpy impact strength when compared to short fiber filled materials. The role of fatigue testing and fatigue fracture behavior presents some insight into long-term reliability and durability of glass-filled phenolic molding compounds. A section on new technology outlines the important factors to consider in modeling phenolic parts by finite element analysis and flow simulation.

  1. Understanding medication compounding issues.

    PubMed

    Hicks, Rodney W

    2014-04-01

    The potential for contamination of compounded products and the resulting infections are a serious threat to patient safety. Immediate use products are used frequently in the perioperative department, and perioperative nurses should be familiar with the guidelines and practices that aim to reduce the contamination that can occur during the sterile compounding process. Four common themes lead to successful compounding: quality (eg, product identification, purity, stability, compatibility, risk level assessment), the environment (eg, using a segregated compounding area with specialized airflow capabilities, reducing particulate matter, practicing proper hand hygiene, performing gloved fingertip sampling, properly cleaning equipment and work areas), personnel activities (eg, familiarity with types of containers used and how often they can be accessed, following expiration dates and the number of times containers can be accessed), and the control process (eg, process monitoring, quality improvement). If a third-party vendor is contracted to handle compounding for a facility, perioperative personnel should be aware of the responsibilities for the facility and the vendor to ensure a quality compounding program. PMID:24674793

  2. Novel 3D bismuth-based coordination polymers: Synthesis, structure, and second harmonic generation properties

    SciTech Connect

    Wibowo, Arief C.; Smith, Mark D.; Yeon, Jeongho; Halasyamani, P. Shiv; Loye, Hans-Conrad zur

    2012-11-15

    Two new 3D bismuth containing coordination polymers are reported along with their single crystal structures and SHG properties. Compound 1: Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}(pydc) (pydc=pyridine-2, 5-dicarboxylate), crystallizes in the monoclinic, polar space group, P2{sub 1} (a=9.6479(9) A, b=4.2349(4) A, c=11.9615(11) A, {beta}=109.587(1) Degree-Sign ), which contains Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2} chains that are connected into a 3D structure via the pydc ligands. Compound 2: Bi{sub 4}Na{sub 4}(1R3S-cam){sub 8}(EtOH){sub 3.1}(H{sub 2}O){sub 3.4} (1R3S cam=1R3S-camphoric acid) crystallizes in the monoclinic, polar space group, P2{sub 1} (a=19.0855(7) A, b=13.7706(5) A, c=19.2429(7) A, {beta}=90.701(1) Degree-Sign ) and is a true 3D coordination polymer. These are two example of SHG compounds prepared using unsymmetric ligands (compound 1) or chiral ligands (compound 2), together with metals that often exhibit stereochemically-active lone pairs, such as Bi{sup 3+}, a synthetic approach that resulted in polar, non-centrosymmetric, 3D metal-organic coordination polymer. - Graphical Abstract: Structures of two new, polar, 3D Bismuth(III)-based coordination polymers: Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}(pydc) (compound 1), and Bi{sub 4}Na{sub 4}(1R3S-cam){sub 8}(EtOH){sub 3.1}(H{sub 2}O){sub 3.4} (compound 2). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New, polar, 3D Bismuth(III)-based coordination polymers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer First polar bismuth-based coordination polymers synthesized via a 'hybrid' strategy. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Combination of stereochemically-active lone pairs and unsymmetrical or chiral ligands. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesis of class C-SHG materials based on Kurtz-Perry categories.

  3. 33 CFR 166.103 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... charts whose referenced horizontal datum is the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after application of the...

  4. 33 CFR 166.103 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... charts whose referenced horizontal datum is the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after application of the...

  5. 33 CFR 166.103 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... charts whose referenced horizontal datum is the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after application of the...

  6. 33 CFR 166.103 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... charts whose referenced horizontal datum is the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after application of the...

  7. 33 CFR 166.103 - Geographic coordinates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... charts whose referenced horizontal datum is the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83), unless such geographic coordinates are expressly labeled NAD 83. Geographic coordinates without the NAD 83 reference may be plotted on maps or charts referenced to NAD 83 only after application of the...

  8. Concurrent Cognitive Task Modulates Coordination Dynamics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellecchia, Geraldine L.; Shockley, Kevin; Turvey, M. T.

    2005-01-01

    Does a concurrent cognitive task affect the dynamics of bimanual rhythmic coordination? In-phase coordination was performed under manipulations of phase detuning and movement frequency and either singly or in combination with an arithmetic task. Predicted direction-specific shifts in stable relative phase from 0 degrees due to detuning and…

  9. 49 CFR 214.325 - Train coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Train coordination. 214.325 Section 214.325 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker Protection § 214.325 Train coordination. Working limits established by a...

  10. 33 CFR 273.18 - Clearinghouse coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Clearinghouse coordination. 273.18 Section 273.18 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL § 273.18 Clearinghouse coordination. Procedures prescribed...

  11. 33 CFR 273.18 - Clearinghouse coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Clearinghouse coordination. 273.18 Section 273.18 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL § 273.18 Clearinghouse coordination. Procedures prescribed...

  12. 33 CFR 273.18 - Clearinghouse coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Clearinghouse coordination. 273.18 Section 273.18 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL § 273.18 Clearinghouse coordination. Procedures prescribed...

  13. Professionalism and Coordination: Allies or Enemies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kassini, Irene

    2008-01-01

    Professionalism arose concurrently with coordination policies among service providers and between parents and service providers in deaf education practices. The author examines the effects of professionalism on coordination among service providers from different disciplines (deaf education, speech-language pathology, elementary education,…

  14. 47 CFR 87.305 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 87.305 Section 87.305... Flight Test Stations § 87.305 Frequency coordination. (a)(1) Each application for a new station license, renewal or modification of an existing license concerning flight test frequencies, except as provided...

  15. 47 CFR 87.305 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 87.305 Section 87.305... Flight Test Stations § 87.305 Frequency coordination. (a)(1) Each application for a new station license, renewal or modification of an existing license concerning flight test frequencies, except as provided...

  16. 47 CFR 87.305 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 87.305 Section 87.305... Flight Test Stations § 87.305 Frequency coordination. (a)(1) Each application for a new station license, renewal or modification of an existing license concerning flight test frequencies, except as provided...

  17. 47 CFR 87.305 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 87.305 Section 87.305... Flight Test Stations § 87.305 Frequency coordination. (a)(1) Each application for a new station license, renewal or modification of an existing license concerning flight test frequencies, except as provided...

  18. 47 CFR 87.305 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Frequency coordination. 87.305 Section 87.305... Flight Test Stations § 87.305 Frequency coordination. (a)(1) Each application for a new station license, renewal or modification of an existing license concerning flight test frequencies, except as provided...

  19. Coordination of Knowledge in Judging Animated Motion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thaden-Koch, Thomas C.; Dufresne, Robert J.; Mestre, Jose P.

    2006-01-01

    Coordination class theory is used to explain college students' judgments about animated depictions of moving objects. diSessa's coordination class theory models a "concept" as a complex knowledge system that can reliably determine a particular type of information in widely varying situations. In the experiment described here, fifty individually…

  20. Articulatory Constraints on Interpersonal Postural Coordination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shockley, Kevin; Baker, Aimee A.; Richardson, Michael J.; Fowler, Carol A.

    2007-01-01

    Cooperative conversation has been shown to foster interpersonal postural coordination. The authors investigated whether such coordination is mediated by the influence of articulation on postural sway. In Experiment 1, talkers produced words in synchrony or in alternation, as the authors varied speaking rate and word similarity. Greater shared…

  1. The transportation external coordination working group

    SciTech Connect

    1995-10-01

    In an effort to improve coordinated interactions between the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and external groups interested in transportation activities, DOE established the Transportation External Coordination Working Group (TEC/WG). Membership includes representatives from State, Tribal and local governments, industry, and professional organizations. All DOE programs with significant transportation programs participate.

  2. 23 CFR 810.8 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Coordination. 810.8 Section 810.8 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE... Transportation Administrator shall coordinate with each other on any projects involving public mass transit...

  3. 23 CFR 810.8 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Coordination. 810.8 Section 810.8 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE... Transportation Administrator shall coordinate with each other on any projects involving public mass transit...

  4. 23 CFR 810.8 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Coordination. 810.8 Section 810.8 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE... Transportation Administrator shall coordinate with each other on any projects involving public mass transit...

  5. 23 CFR 810.8 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Coordination. 810.8 Section 810.8 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE... Transportation Administrator shall coordinate with each other on any projects involving public mass transit...

  6. Chaotic coordinates for the Large Helical Device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hudson, Stuart; Suzuki, Yasuhiro

    2014-10-01

    The study of dynamical systems is facilitated by a coordinate framework with coordinate surfaces that coincide with invariant structures of the dynamical flow. For axisymmetric systems, a continuous family of invariant surfaces is guaranteed and straight-fieldline coordinates may be constructed. For non-integrable systems, e.g. stellarators, perturbed tokamaks, this continuous family is broken. Nevertheless, coordinates can still be constructed that simplify the description of the dynamics. The Poincare-Birkhoff theorem, the Aubry-Mather theorem, and the KAM theorem show that there are important structures that are invariant under the perturbed dynamics; namely the periodic orbits, the cantori, and the irrational flux surfaces. Coordinates adapted to these invariant sets, which we call chaotic coordinates, provide substantial advantages. The regular motion becomes straight, and the irregular motion is bounded by, and dissected by, coordinate surfaces that coincide with surfaces of locally-minimal magnetic-fieldline flux. The chaotic edge of the magnetic field, as calculated by HINT2 code, in the Large Helical Device (LHD) is examined, and a coordinate system is constructed so that the flux surfaces are ``straight'' and the islands become ``square.''

  7. 40 CFR 35.691 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.691 Section 35.691 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE...(g)) § 35.691 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the Lead-Based Paint program funding in a...

  8. 40 CFR 35.691 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.691 Section 35.691 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE...(g)) § 35.691 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the Lead-Based Paint program funding in a...

  9. 40 CFR 35.272 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.272 Section 35.272 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE....272 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the lead-based paint program funding in a way...

  10. 40 CFR 35.272 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.272 Section 35.272 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE....272 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the lead-based paint program funding in a way...

  11. 40 CFR 35.272 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.272 Section 35.272 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE....272 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the lead-based paint program funding in a way...

  12. 40 CFR 35.272 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.272 Section 35.272 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE....272 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the lead-based paint program funding in a way...

  13. 40 CFR 35.691 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.691 Section 35.691 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE...(g)) § 35.691 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the Lead-Based Paint program funding in a...

  14. 40 CFR 35.272 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.272 Section 35.272 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE....272 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the lead-based paint program funding in a way...

  15. 40 CFR 35.691 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.691 Section 35.691 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE...(g)) § 35.691 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the Lead-Based Paint program funding in a...

  16. 40 CFR 35.691 - Funding coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Funding coordination. 35.691 Section 35.691 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE...(g)) § 35.691 Funding coordination. Recipients must use the Lead-Based Paint program funding in a...

  17. 36 CFR 222.73 - Management coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Management coordination. 222.73 Section 222.73 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RANGE MANAGEMENT Management of Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros § 222.73 Management coordination. All...

  18. 36 CFR 222.33 - Management coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Management coordination. 222.33 Section 222.33 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RANGE MANAGEMENT Management of Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros § 222.33 Management coordination. All...

  19. 36 CFR 222.33 - Management coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Management coordination. 222.33 Section 222.33 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RANGE MANAGEMENT Management of Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros § 222.33 Management coordination. All...

  20. 36 CFR 222.73 - Management coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Management coordination. 222.73 Section 222.73 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RANGE MANAGEMENT Management of Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros § 222.73 Management coordination. All...

  1. 36 CFR 222.33 - Management coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Management coordination. 222.33 Section 222.33 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RANGE MANAGEMENT Management of Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros § 222.33 Management coordination. All...

  2. 47 CFR 74.638 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... frequency coordinated under this paragraph, the interference protection criteria in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the frequency usage coordination procedures in 47 CFR 101.103(d) will apply. (c) For each..., consideration should be given to the relative location of receive points, normal transmission paths, and...

  3. Encoding and Retrieval During Bimanual Rhythmic Coordination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shockley, Kevin; Turvey, Michael T.

    2005-01-01

    In 2 experiments, bimanual 1:1 rhythmic coordination was performed concurrently with encoding or retrieval of word lists. Effects of divided attention (DA) on coordination were indexed by changes in mean relative phase and recurrence measures of shared activity between the 2 limbs. Effects of DA on memory were indexed by deficits in recall…

  4. Energy Materials Coordinating Committee (EMaCC)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-05-31

    This report summarizes EMaCC activities for fiscal year 1990 and describes the materials research programs of various offices and divisions within the department. The DOE Energy Materials Coordinating Committee (EMaCC) serves primarily to enhance coordination among the Department's materials programs and to further the effective use of materials expertise within the department. (JL)

  5. Coordinating Units at the Candy Depot

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Anderson; Boyce, Steven; Hatch, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    In general, units coordination refers to the relationships that students can maintain between various units when working within a numerical situation. It is critical that middle school students learn to coordinate three levels of units not only because of their importance in understanding fractions but also because of their implications for…

  6. 23 CFR 810.8 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE HIGHWAY PROJECTS General § 810.8 Coordination. The Federal Highway Administrator and the Urban Mass Transportation Administrator shall coordinate with each other on any projects involving public mass transit...

  7. 78 FR 6806 - Forest Resource Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-31

    ... Forest Service Forest Resource Coordinating Committee AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Forest Resource Committee Meeting will meet in Arlington, Va. The committee is... copying. The public may inspect comments received on the Forest Resource Coordinating Committee Web...

  8. 29 CFR 1405.6 - Program coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program coordination. 1405.6 Section 1405.6 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT Part-time Employment Program § 1405.6 Program coordination. The Director of Personnel is designated the...

  9. 40 CFR 233.31 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Coordination requirements. 233.31 Section 233.31 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) OCEAN DUMPING 404 STATE PROGRAM REGULATIONS Program Operation § 233.31 Coordination requirements. (a) If a...

  10. 32 CFR 555.10 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Coordination requirements. 555.10 Section 555.10 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND... TESTS, WORK FOR OTHERS § 555.10 Coordination requirements. All reimbursable work accepted by...

  11. 40 CFR 233.31 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coordination requirements. 233.31 Section 233.31 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) OCEAN DUMPING 404 STATE PROGRAM REGULATIONS Program Operation § 233.31 Coordination requirements. (a) If a...

  12. 36 CFR 72.48 - Federal coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Federal coordination. 72.48... and Innovation § 72.48 Federal coordination. Applicants requesting UPARR assistance under one of the three grant categories shall investigate the possibilities of administrative and/or funding...

  13. 33 CFR 273.18 - Clearinghouse coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Clearinghouse coordination. 273.18 Section 273.18 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL § 273.18 Clearinghouse coordination. Procedures prescribed...

  14. 28 CFR 42.412 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... General Guidelines, 28 CFR 50.3, the Assistant Attorney General may issue such directives and take such... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coordination. 42.412 Section 42.412... PROCEDURES Coordination of Enforcement of Non-discrimination in Federally Assisted Programs §...

  15. 32 CFR 555.10 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Coordination requirements. 555.10 Section 555.10 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND... TESTS, WORK FOR OTHERS § 555.10 Coordination requirements. All reimbursable work accepted by...

  16. 29 CFR 1405.6 - Program coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program coordination. 1405.6 Section 1405.6 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT Part-time Employment Program § 1405.6 Program coordination. The Director of Personnel is designated the...

  17. 48 CFR 38.201 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 38.201 Section 38.201 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL... Schedules 38.201 Coordination requirements. (a) Subject to interagency agreements, contracting...

  18. 28 CFR 42.412 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... General Guidelines, 28 CFR 50.3, the Assistant Attorney General may issue such directives and take such... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Coordination. 42.412 Section 42.412... PROCEDURES Coordination of Enforcement of Non-discrimination in Federally Assisted Programs §...

  19. 48 CFR 38.201 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 38.201 Section 38.201 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL... Schedules 38.201 Coordination requirements. (a) Subject to interagency agreements, contracting...

  20. 33 CFR 273.18 - Clearinghouse coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Clearinghouse coordination. 273.18 Section 273.18 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL § 273.18 Clearinghouse coordination. Procedures prescribed...

  1. 20 CFR 631.83 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Coordination. 631.83 Section 631.83 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE III OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Disaster Relief Employment Assistance § 631.83 Coordination. Funds made...

  2. 20 CFR 631.83 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Coordination. 631.83 Section 631.83 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE III OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Disaster Relief Employment Assistance § 631.83 Coordination. Funds made...

  3. You're a "What"? Recycling Coordinator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torpey, Elka Maria

    2011-01-01

    Recycling coordinators supervise curbside and dropoff recycling programs for municipal governments or private firms. Today, recycling is mandatory in many communities. And advancements in collection and processing methods have helped to increase the quantity of materials for which the recycling coordinator is responsible. In some communities,…

  4. Statewide Coordination of Community Junior Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuckman, Jeffrey A.

    The need for statewide coordinating agencies has become more evident as the number of junior colleges within each state continues to grow. These centralized agencies can assist in reducing unnecessary competition and duplication among junior colleges, and can improve the coordination of statewide educational needs with those of the individual…

  5. Development of Coordination in Time Estimation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiefer, Adam W.; Wallot, Sebastian; Gresham, Lori J.; Kloos, Heidi; Riley, Michael A.; Shockley, Kevin; Van Orden, Guy

    2014-01-01

    How to best characterize cognitive development? The claim put forward in this article is that development is the improvement of a kind of coordination among a variety of factors. To determine the development of coordination in a cognitive task, children between 4 and 12 years of age and adults participated in a time estimation task: They had to…

  6. Coordinating and Planning for Human Sexuality Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Dorothy M. Cook

    1981-01-01

    A coordinator for sexuality programs helped to provide and coordinate parent education, teacher and staff inservice training, team teaching experiences, student counseling, and a broad range of community related activities. Records indicated a drop in reported pregnancies in a school with sexuality education program. (JN)

  7. 47 CFR 27.803 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 27.803 Section 27.803 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 1.4 GHz Band § 27.803 Coordination requirements. (a) Licensees...

  8. 47 CFR 27.903 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 27.903 Section 27.903 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 1670-1675 MHz Band § 27.903 Coordination requirements. (a)...

  9. 47 CFR 27.903 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 27.903 Section 27.903 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 1670-1675 MHz Band § 27.903 Coordination requirements. (a)...

  10. 47 CFR 27.803 - Coordination requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Coordination requirements. 27.803 Section 27.803 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 1.4 GHz Band § 27.803 Coordination requirements. (a) Licensees...

  11. 47 CFR 78.36 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the following frequency usage coordination procedures will... fixed satellite service, applicants must also comply with the requirements of 47 CFR 101.21(f). In...) Transmitting station name, (C) Transmitting station coordinates, (D) Frequencies and polarizations to be...

  12. 47 CFR 78.36 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the following frequency usage coordination procedures will... fixed satellite service, applicants must also comply with the requirements of 47 CFR 101.21(f). In...) Transmitting station name, (C) Transmitting station coordinates, (D) Frequencies and polarizations to be...

  13. 47 CFR 78.36 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the following frequency usage coordination procedures will... fixed satellite service, applicants must also comply with the requirements of 47 CFR 101.21(f). In...) Transmitting station name, (C) Transmitting station coordinates, (D) Frequencies and polarizations to be...

  14. 47 CFR 78.36 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the following frequency usage coordination procedures will... fixed satellite service, applicants must also comply with the requirements of 47 CFR 101.21(f). In...) Transmitting station name, (C) Transmitting station coordinates, (D) Frequencies and polarizations to be...

  15. 47 CFR 78.36 - Frequency coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... in 47 CFR 101.105(a), (b), and (c) and the following frequency usage coordination procedures will... fixed satellite service, applicants must also comply with the requirements of 47 CFR 101.21(f). In...) Transmitting station name, (C) Transmitting station coordinates, (D) Frequencies and polarizations to be...

  16. 40 CFR 265.55 - Emergency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergency coordinator. 265.55 Section... FACILITIES Contingency Plan and Emergency Procedures § 265.55 Emergency coordinator. At all times, there must... emergency by reaching the facility within a short period of time) with the responsibility for...

  17. 40 CFR 264.55 - Emergency coordinator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergency coordinator. 264.55 Section... Contingency Plan and Emergency Procedures § 264.55 Emergency coordinator. At all times, there must be at least one employee either on the facility premises or on call (i.e., available to respond to an emergency...

  18. Guidelines for the Practice of Parenting Coordination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Parenting coordination is a nonadversarial dispute resolution process that is court ordered or agreed on by divorced and separated parents who have an ongoing pattern of high conflict and/or litigation about their children. These guidelines are designed to address the developing area of practice known as parenting coordination. In response to the…

  19. 78 FR 73819 - Forest Resource Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ...The Forest Resource Coordinating Committee will meet in Washington, DC, February 6 and 7, 2014. The Committee is authorized under Section 8005 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Pub. L. 110-246). Additional information on the Forest Resource Coordinating Committee can be found by visiting the Committee's Web site at: http://www.fs.fed.us/spf/coop/...

  20. Motor Coordination and Intelligence Level in Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Planinsec, Jurij; Pisot, Rado

    2006-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between motor coordination and intelligence level in adolescents. The sample was comprised of 550 adolescents from Slovenia, aged 13.1 years (SD = 0.87), who attended elementary schools. For assessment of motor coordination a battery of eight tests were used. Assessment of intelligence was carried out with…

  1. 36 CFR 72.48 - Federal coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal coordination. 72.48 Section 72.48 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN... and Innovation § 72.48 Federal coordination. Applicants requesting UPARR assistance under one of...

  2. 78 FR 34035 - Forest Resource Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-06

    ... 2008 (P.L. 110-246). The purpose of the committee is to coordinate non-industrial private forestry... Program Coordinator, Cooperative Forestry staff, 202-205-1376 or Ted Beauvais, Designated Federal Officer, Cooperative Forestry staff, 202-205-1190. Individuals who use telecommunication devices for the deaf (TDD)...

  3. Coordinated School Health and the Contribution of a District Wellness Coordinator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westrich, Lisa; Sanchez, Monika; Strobel, Karen

    2015-01-01

    Background: A San Francisco Bay Area school health initiative was established in fall 2010 to improve wellness programs in 4 local school districts using the Coordinated School Health (CSH) model. This study examines the role of district-wide wellness coordinators and the ways in which they contribute to intentional coordination of health and…

  4. Quantifying coordination and coordination variability in backward versus forward running: Implications for control of motion.

    PubMed

    Mehdizadeh, Sina; Arshi, Ahmed Reza; Davids, Keith

    2015-07-01

    The aims of this study were to compare coordination and coordination variability in backward and forward running and to investigate the effects of speed on coordination variability in both backward and forward running. Fifteen healthy male participants took part in this study to run forwards and backwards on a treadmill at 80%, 100% and 120% of their preferred running speeds. The coordinate data of passive reflective markers attached to body segments were recorded using motion capture systems. Coordination of shank-foot and thigh-shank couplings in sagittal plane was quantified using the continuous relative phase method. Coordination variability was calculated as the standard deviation of a coordination pattern over 50 strides. Cross-correlation coefficients and associated phase shifts were determined to quantify similarity in coordination patterns between forward and backward running. Our results demonstrated that the coordination pattern in a gait cycle of backward running was in reverse to that of forward running at all speeds implying that the same neural circuitry is responsible for regulating both forward and backward running gaits. In addition, results demonstrated that there was an average of approximately 11% phase shift between the coordination patterns of backward and forward running which indicates that a single underlying mechanism might be responsible for generating motor patterns in both forward and backward running. Finally, backward running had significantly higher magnitude of coordination variability compared to forward running, signifying that more degrees of freedom were involved in backward running. Speed however, did not affect coordination variability in either task. PMID:26021460

  5. Independent Validation of Specifications: A Coordination Headache

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Easterbrook, Steve; Callahan, John

    1996-01-01

    Large, complex projects face significant barriers to coordination and communication due to continuous, rapid changes during a project's life cycle. Such changes must be tracked, analyzed, and reconciled to ensure high quality in the end product, otherwise problems may get lost or ignored in the overall complexity. We report on 'work-in-progress' in the study of coordination problems between two independent, separate groups: software development and software analysis. We have begun to construct a taxonomy of coordination problems, which we illustrate with two scenarios. We briefly describe current attempts to introduce incremental improvements to coordination problems in such projects via World Wide Web tools. Based on actual project experiences, we plan to deploy such tools in a non-intrusive fashion to improve coordination and communication between software development groups.

  6. Learning and coordinating in a multilayer network.

    PubMed

    Lugo, Haydée; San Miguel, Maxi

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a two layer network model for social coordination incorporating two relevant ingredients: a) different networks of interaction to learn and to obtain a pay-off, and b) decision making processes based both on social and strategic motivations. Two populations of agents are distributed in two layers with intralayer learning processes and playing interlayer a coordination game. We find that the skepticism about the wisdom of crowd and the local connectivity are the driving forces to accomplish full coordination of the two populations, while polarized coordinated layers are only possible for all-to-all interactions. Local interactions also allow for full coordination in the socially efficient Pareto-dominant strategy in spite of being the riskier one. PMID:25585934

  7. Learning and coordinating in a multilayer network

    PubMed Central

    Lugo, Haydée; Miguel, Maxi San

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a two layer network model for social coordination incorporating two relevant ingredients: a) different networks of interaction to learn and to obtain a pay-off, and b) decision making processes based both on social and strategic motivations. Two populations of agents are distributed in two layers with intralayer learning processes and playing interlayer a coordination game. We find that the skepticism about the wisdom of crowd and the local connectivity are the driving forces to accomplish full coordination of the two populations, while polarized coordinated layers are only possible for all-to-all interactions. Local interactions also allow for full coordination in the socially efficient Pareto-dominant strategy in spite of being the riskier one. PMID:25585934

  8. Nonpost mold cure compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirata, Akihiro

    1997-08-01

    The recent low price trend of electronic products has made IC manufacturing efficiency a top priority in the semiconductor industry. Post mold cure (PMC) process, which generally involves heating the packages in the oven at 175 C for 4 to 8 hours, takes up much longer time than most other assembly processes. If this PMC process can be reduced or eliminated, semiconductor makers will be rewarded with a much higher cost merit. We define the purpose of Non-PMC as 'to get high reliability with suitable physical and electrical properties without PMC'. We compared carious properties of molding compound before and after PMC. We found that curing reaction has almost complete through DSC and C-NMR measurement, but several properties have not stabilized yet, and that not all properties after PMC were better than before PMC. We developed new grade of molding compound considering these facts. And we found that main factors to accomplish non-PMC compound are curability and flowability, and more, increasing of fundamental properties. To accomplish non-PMC, at first, molding compound need to have very high curability. Generally speaking, too high curability causes low flowability, and causes incomplete filing, wire sweep, pad shift, and weak adhesion to inner parts of IC packages. To prevent these failures, various compound properties were studied, and we achieved in adding good flowability to very high curable molding compound. Finally, anti-popcorn property was improved by adding low moisture, high adhesion, high Tg, and high flexural strengths at high temperature. Through this study, we developed new compound grade for various package, especially large QFP using standard ECN resin.

  9. Coordination polymers from a highly flexible alkyldiamine-derived ligand: structure, magnetism and gas adsorption studies.

    PubMed

    Hawes, Chris S; Chilton, Nicholas F; Moubaraki, Boujemaa; Knowles, Gregory P; Chaffee, Alan L; Murray, Keith S; Batten, Stuart R; Turner, David R

    2015-10-28

    The synthesis and structural, magnetic and gas adsorption properties of a series of coordination polymer materials prepared from a new, highly flexible and internally functional tetrakis-carboxybenzyl ligand H4L derived from 1,2-diaminoethane have been examined. The compound poly-[Ni3(HL)2(OH2)4]·2DMF·2H2O 1, a two-dimensional coordination polymer, contains aqua- and carboxylato-bridged trinuclear Ni(II) clusters, the magnetic behaviour of which can be well described through experimental fitting and ab initio modelling to a ferromagnetically coupled trimer with a positive axial zero-field splitting parameter D. Compound poly-[Zn2L]·2DMF·3H2O 2, a three-dimensional coordination polymer displaying frl topology, contains large and well-defined solvent channels, which are shown to collapse on solvent exchange or drying. Compound poly-[Zn2(L)(DMSO)4]·3DMSO·3H2O 3, a highly solvated two-dimensional coordination polymer, displayed poor stability characteristics, however a structurally related material poly-[Zn2(L)(bpe)(DMSO)2]·DMSO·3H2O 4 was prepared under similar synthetic conditions by including the 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene bpe co-ligand. Compound 4, containing small one-dimensional solvent channels, shows excellent structural resilience to solvent exchange and evacuation, and the evacuated material displays selective adsorption of CO2 over N2 at 273 K in the pressure range 0-1 atm. Each of the coordination polymers displays subtle differences in the conformation and binding mode of the ligand species, with switching between two distinct conformers (X-shaped and H-shaped), as well as a variable protonation state of the central core, with significant effects on the resulting network structures and physical properties of the materials. PMID:26223788

  10. Sensory Motor Coordination in Robonaut

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peters, Richard Alan, II

    2003-01-01

    As a participant of the year 2000 NASA Summer Faculty Fellowship Program, I worked with the engineers of the Dexterous Robotics Laboratory at NASA Johnson Space Center on the Robonaut project. The Robonaut is an articulated torso with two dexterous arms, left and right five-fingered hands, and a head with cameras mounted on an articulated neck. This advanced space robot, now driven only teleoperatively using VR gloves, sensors and helmets, is to be upgraded to a thinking system that can find, interact with and assist humans autonomously, allowing the Crew to work with Robonaut as a (junior) member of their team. Thus, the work performed this summer was toward the goal of enabling Robonaut to operate autonomously as an intelligent assistant to astronauts. Our underlying hypothesis is that a robot can develop intelligence if it learns a set of basic behaviors (i.e., reflexes - actions tightly coupled to sensing) and through experience learns how to sequence these to solve problems or to accomplish higher-level tasks. We describe our approach to the automatic acquisition of basic behaviors as learning sensory-motor coordination (SMC). Although research in the ontogenesis of animals development from the time of conception) supports the approach of learning SMC as the foundation for intelligent, autonomous behavior, we do not know whether it will prove viable for the development of autonomy in robots. The first step in testing the hypothesis is to determine if SMC can be learned by the robot. To do this, we have taken advantage of Robonaut's teleoperated control system. When a person teleoperates Robonaut, the person's own SMC causes the robot to act purposefully. If the sensory signals that the robot detects during teleoperation are recorded over several repetitions of the same task, it should be possible through signal analysis to identify the sensory-motor couplings that accompany purposeful motion. In this report, reasons for suspecting SMC as the basis for

  11. MnBr₂/18-crown-6 coordination complexes showing high room temperature luminescence and quantum yield.

    PubMed

    Hausmann, David; Kuzmanoski, Ana; Feldmann, Claus

    2016-04-21

    The reaction of manganese(ii) bromide and the crown ether 18-crown-6 in the ionic liquid [(n-Bu)3MeN][N(Tf)2] under mild conditions (80-130 °C) resulted in the formation of three different coordination compounds: MnBr2(18-crown-6) (), Mn3Br6(18-crown-6)2 () and Mn3Br6(18-crown-6) (). In general, the local coordination and the crystal structure of all compounds are driven by the mismatch between the small radius of the Mn(2+) cation (83 pm) and the ring opening of 18-crown-6 as a chelating ligand (about 300 pm). This improper situation leads to different types of coordination and bonding. MnBr2(18-crown-6) represents a molecular compound with Mn(2+) coordinated by two bromine atoms and only five oxygen atoms of 18-crown-6. Mn3Br6(18-crown-6)2 falls into a [MnBr(18-crown-6)](+) cation - with Mn(2+) coordinated by six oxygen atoms and Br - and a [MnBr(18-crown-6)MnBr4](-) anion. In this anion, Mn(2+) is coordinated by five oxygen atoms of the crown ether as well as by two bromine atoms, one of them bridging to an isolated (MnBr4) tetrahedron. Mn3Br6(18-crown-6), finally, forms an infinite, non-charged [Mn2(18-crown-6)(MnBr6)] chain. Herein, 18-crown-6 is exocyclically coordinated by two Mn(2+) cations. All compounds show intense luminescence in the yellow to red spectral range and exhibit remarkable quantum yields of 70% (Mn3Br6(18-crown-6)) and 98% (Mn3Br6(18-crown-6)2). The excellent quantum yield of Mn3Br6(18-crown-6)2 and its differentiation from MnBr2(18-crown-6) and Mn3Br6(18-crown-6) can be directly correlated to the local coordination. PMID:26956783

  12. Functionalization, coordination, and coating of carbon nanomaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamilton, Christopher Eric

    Single-walled carbon nanotubes were covalently end-functionalized with various donor ligands in order to facilitate the coordination of metal catalyst nanoparticles. The purpose of this study was to optimize catalyst complexation to SWNT ends, allowing growth from preformed seeds (SWNT-cats). The "SWNT amplification" method is envisioned as a route to bulk single-chirality nanotube samples. Study by 31P MAS NMR was undertaken in order to characterize SWNT phosphine derivatives. The synthesis of new N-aryl dipyridylamines (dpas) and related compounds is reported. The products, chelating N-donor ligands, will be used to prepare copper complexes. Copper dpa complexes are able to discriminate between olefin isomers in simple mixtures. Similar triarylamines have been similarly prepared and characterized; these have been tested for their ability to separate SWNTs of particular diameters (or chiral angles) by selective pi-pi stacking interactions. This method is a possible route to single or few-chirality samples, which could then be subjected to SWNT amplification. A novel method for production of high-yield dispersions of single and few layer graphene is presented. o-Dichlorobenzene suspensions of graphene provide twice the yield of previous methods. Moreover, ODCB graphene dispersions form a convenient platform from which to pursue covalent derivatization of graphene in a nonpolar medium. ODCB dispersions have been used to covalently functionalize graphene with perfluoroalkyl groups by a free radical method. Initiation of radical reactions was achieved by both UV photolysis and thermal decomposition of peroxides. Perfluoroalkylated graphene is highly exfoliated and shows great promise for use in polymer composites, lubricants and coatings. Chemical bath deposition (CBD) of II-VI semiconductor materials on SWNT substrates is demonstrated. Bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices have been prepared from these SWNT-semiconductor composites. The CBD process of depositing

  13. Compound management beyond efficiency.

    PubMed

    Burr, Ian; Winchester, Toby; Keighley, Wilma; Sewing, Andreas

    2009-06-01

    Codeveloping alongside chemistry and in vitro screening, compound management was one of the first areas in research recognizing the need for efficient processes and workflows. Material management groups have centralized, automated, miniaturized and, importantly, found out what not to do with compounds. While driving down cost and improving quality in storage and processing, researchers still face the challenge of interfacing optimally with changing business processes, in screening groups, and with external vendors and focusing on biologicals in many companies. Here we review our strategy to provide a seamless link between compound acquisition and screening operations and the impact of material management on quality of the downstream processes. Although this is driven in part by new technologies and improved quality control within material management, redefining team structures and roles also drives job satisfaction and motivation in our teams with a subsequent positive impact on cycle times and customer feedback. PMID:19502566

  14. Sulfur compounds in coal

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Attar, A.; Corcoran, W. H.

    1977-01-01

    The literature on the chemical structure of the organic sulfur compounds (or functional groups) in coal is reviewed. Four methods were applied in the literature to study the sulfur compounds in coal: direct spectrometric and chemical analysis, depolymerization in drastic conditions, depolymerization in mild conditions, and studies on simulated coal. The data suggest that most of the organic sulfur in coal is in the form of thiophenic structures and aromatic and aliphatic sulfides. The relative abundance of the sulfur groups in bituminous coal is estimated as 50:30:20%, respectively. The ratio changes during processing and during the chemical analysis. The main effects are the transformation during processing of sulfides to the more stable thiophenic compounds and the elimination of hydrogen sulfide.

  15. Metalloid compounds as drugs

    PubMed Central

    Sekhon, B. S.

    2013-01-01

    The six elements commonly known as metalloids are boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, antimony, and tellurium. Metalloid containing compounds have been used as antiprotozoal drugs. Boron-based drugs, the benzoxaboroles have been exploited as potential treatments for neglected tropical diseases. Arsenic has been used as a medicinal agent and arsphenamine was the main drug used to treat syphilis. Arsenic trioxide has been approved for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Pentavalent antimonials have been the recommended drug for visceral leishmaniasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis. Tellurium (IV) compounds may have important roles in thiol redox biological activity in the human body, and ammonium trichloro (dioxoethylene-O, O’-)tellurate (AS101) may be a promising agent for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Organosilicon compounds have been shown to be effective in vitro multidrug-resistance reverting agents. PMID:24019824

  16. Three new Ag(I) coordination architectures based on mixed ligands: Syntheses, structures and photoluminescent properties

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Yamin; Xiao, Changyu; Li, Shu; Chen, Qi; Li, Beibei; Liao, Qian; Niu, Jingyang

    2013-04-15

    Three new silver (I) coordination complexes, [Ag{sub 2}(1,2-bdc)(phdat)]{sub n} (1), [Ag{sub 2}(NO{sub 2}-bdc)(phdat)]{sub n} (2), [Ag{sub 4}(nta){sub 3}(phdat)NO{sub 3}]{sub n} (3) (1,2-bdc=phthalic acid dianion, NO{sub 2}-bdc=5-nitro-1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid dianion, nta=nicotinic acid anion, phdat=2,4-diamine-6-phenyl-1,3,5-triazine) have been hydrothermally synthesized by the reactions of silver nitrate and phdat with the homologous ligands 1,2-H{sub 2}bdc, NO{sub 2}-H{sub 2}bdc, and Hnta, respectively, and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffractions, IR spectra, elemental analyses thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). The compound 1 exhibits a chiral 3D network with cbs/CrB self-dual topological net, which contains two kinds of single helical chains. For compound 2, the 3D network is comprised of two kinds of similar 2D sheets with the topological symbol of sql-type packed in AABBAA mode by Ag–N/O weakly contacts. And compound 3 has 2D double layer architecture, consisting of the 2D plane with hcb-type topological symbol connected by Ag–O weakly coordinations. The photoluminescent properties associated with the crystal structures of three compounds have also been measured. - Graphical abstract: Three new silver(I) coordination complexes 1–3 have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffractions, IR spectra, elemental analyses, thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) and photoluminescent spectra. Highlights: ► The compound 1 exhibits a novel chiral 3D network with two kinds of single helical chains. ► 3D or 2D new Ag coordination complexes. ► The photoluminescent properties have been measured.

  17. Transforming geocentric cartesian coordinates to geodetic coordinates by using differential search algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Civicioglu, Pinar

    2012-09-01

    In order to solve numerous practical navigational, geodetic and astro-geodetic problems, it is necessary to transform geocentric cartesian coordinates into geodetic coordinates or vice versa. It is very easy to solve the problem of transforming geodetic coordinates into geocentric cartesian coordinates. On the other hand, it is rather difficult to solve the problem of transforming geocentric cartesian coordinates into geodetic coordinates as it is very hard to define a mathematical relationship between the geodetic latitude (φ) and the geocentric cartesian coordinates (X, Y, Z). In this paper, a new algorithm, the Differential Search Algorithm (DS), is presented to solve the problem of transforming the geocentric cartesian coordinates into geodetic coordinates and its performance is compared with the performances of the classical methods (i.e., Borkowski, 1989; Bowring, 1976; Fukushima, 2006; Heikkinen, 1982; Jones, 2002; Zhang, 2005; Borkowski, 1987; Shu, 2010 and Lin, 1995) and Computational-Intelligence algorithms (i.e., ABC, JDE, JADE, SADE, EPSDE, GSA, PSO2011, and CMA-ES). The statistical tests realized for the comparison of performances indicate that the problem-solving success of DS algorithm in transforming the geocentric cartesian coordinates into geodetic coordinates is higher than those of all classical methods and Computational-Intelligence algorithms used in this paper.

  18. Degradation of Binocular Coordination during Sleep Deprivation

    PubMed Central

    Tong, Jianliang; Maruta, Jun; Heaton, Kristin J.; Maule, Alexis L.; Rajashekar, Umesh; Spielman, Lisa A.; Ghajar, Jamshid

    2016-01-01

    To aid a clear and unified visual perception while tracking a moving target, both eyes must be coordinated, so the image of the target falls on approximately corresponding areas of the fovea of each eye. The movements of the two eyes are decoupled during sleep, suggesting a role of arousal in regulating binocular coordination. While the absence of visual input during sleep may also contribute to binocular decoupling, sleepiness is a state of reduced arousal that still allows for visual input, providing a context within which the role of arousal in binocular coordination can be studied. We examined the effects of sleep deprivation on binocular coordination using a test paradigm that we previously showed to be sensitive to sleep deprivation. We quantified binocular coordination with the SD of the distance between left and right gaze positions on the screen. We also quantified the stability of conjugate gaze on the target, i.e., gaze–target synchronization, with the SD of the distance between the binocular average gaze and the target. Sleep deprivation degraded the stability of both binocular coordination and gaze–target synchronization, but between these two forms of gaze control the horizontal and vertical components were affected differently, suggesting that disconjugate and conjugate eye movements are under different regulation of attentional arousal. The prominent association found between sleep deprivation and degradation of binocular coordination in the horizontal direction may be used for a fit-for-duty assessment. PMID:27379009

  19. Degradation of Binocular Coordination during Sleep Deprivation.

    PubMed

    Tong, Jianliang; Maruta, Jun; Heaton, Kristin J; Maule, Alexis L; Rajashekar, Umesh; Spielman, Lisa A; Ghajar, Jamshid

    2016-01-01

    To aid a clear and unified visual perception while tracking a moving target, both eyes must be coordinated, so the image of the target falls on approximately corresponding areas of the fovea of each eye. The movements of the two eyes are decoupled during sleep, suggesting a role of arousal in regulating binocular coordination. While the absence of visual input during sleep may also contribute to binocular decoupling, sleepiness is a state of reduced arousal that still allows for visual input, providing a context within which the role of arousal in binocular coordination can be studied. We examined the effects of sleep deprivation on binocular coordination using a test paradigm that we previously showed to be sensitive to sleep deprivation. We quantified binocular coordination with the SD of the distance between left and right gaze positions on the screen. We also quantified the stability of conjugate gaze on the target, i.e., gaze-target synchronization, with the SD of the distance between the binocular average gaze and the target. Sleep deprivation degraded the stability of both binocular coordination and gaze-target synchronization, but between these two forms of gaze control the horizontal and vertical components were affected differently, suggesting that disconjugate and conjugate eye movements are under different regulation of attentional arousal. The prominent association found between sleep deprivation and degradation of binocular coordination in the horizontal direction may be used for a fit-for-duty assessment. PMID:27379009

  20. Microoptical compound lens

    DOEpatents

    Sweatt, William C.; Gill, David D.

    2007-10-23

    An apposition microoptical compound lens comprises a plurality of lenslets arrayed around a segment of a hollow, three-dimensional optical shell. The lenslets collect light from an object and focus the light rays onto the concentric, curved front surface of a coherent fiber bundle. The fiber bundle transports the light rays to a planar detector, forming a plurality of sub-images that can be reconstructed as a full image. The microoptical compound lens can have a small size (millimeters), wide field of view (up to 180.degree.), and adequate resolution for object recognition and tracking.

  1. Coordination Logic for Repulsive Resolution Maneuvers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Narkawicz, Anthony J.; Munoz, Cesar A.; Dutle, Aaron M.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an algorithm for determining the direction an aircraft should maneuver in the event of a potential conflict with another aircraft. The algorithm is implicitly coordinated, meaning that with perfectly reliable computations and information, it will in- dependently provide directional information that is guaranteed to be coordinated without any additional information exchange or direct communication. The logic is inspired by the logic of TCAS II, the airborne system designed to reduce the risk of mid-air collisions between aircraft. TCAS II provides pilots with only vertical resolution advice, while the proposed algorithm, using a similar logic, provides implicitly coordinated vertical and horizontal directional advice.

  2. Conceptual Coordination Bridges Information Processing and Neurophysiology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clancey, William J.; Norrig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    Information processing theories of memory and skills can be reformulated in terms of how categories are physically and temporally related, a process called conceptual coordination. Dreaming can then be understood as a story understanding process in which two mechanisms found in everyday comprehension are missing: conceiving sequences (chunking categories in time as a categorization) and coordinating across modalities (e.g., relating the sound of a word and the image of its meaning). On this basis, we can readily identify isomorphisms between dream phenomenology and neurophysiology, and explain the function of dreaming as facilitating future coordination of sequential, cross-modal categorization (i.e., REM sleep lowers activation thresholds, "unlearning").

  3. Four homochiral coordination polymers contain N-acetyl-L-tyrosine and different N-donor ligand: Influence of metal cations, ancillary ligands and coordination modes

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Meng-Li; Song, Hui-Hua

    2013-10-15

    Using the chiral ligand N-acetyl-L-tyrosine (Hacty) and maintaining identical reaction conditions, Zn(II), Co(II), and Cd(II) salts provided four novel homochiral coordination polymers ([Zn(acty)(bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·NO{sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O){sub n}1, ([Co(acty)(bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·NO{sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O){sub n}2, ([Cd(acty){sub 2}(bipy)H{sub 2}O]·H{sub 2}O){sub n}3, and ([Cd(acty)(bpe){sub 2}(Ac)]·6H{sub 2}O){sub n}4 (bipy=4,4′-bipyridine; bpe=1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethane) in the presence of ancillary ligands. Compounds 1 and 2 are isostructural 1D chain structures. The neighboring chains are further linked into a 3D supramolecular structure via π⋯π stacking and hydrogen bond interactions. Compound 3 shows a 2D network and 4 generates 1D infinite chains along the c-axis. Compounds 3 and 4 are further connected into 3D supramolecular network by hydrogen bond interactions. More importantly, coordination in acyl oxygen atoms and ancillary ligands (bpe) as monodentate decorating ligands in 4 are rarely reported. Ancillary ligands and metal cations significantly influence the structure of the complexes. The photoluminescence properties of 1, 3, and 4 were studied at room temperature. Circular dichroism (CD) of the complexes have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Four new homochiral coordination polymers were prepared and structurally characterized, which investigate the influence of the ancillary ligands and metal ions on the design and synthesis of coordination polymers. Display Omitted - Highlights: • It is rarely reported that the chiral coordination polymers prepared with N-acetyl-L-tyrosine ligands. • The alkalescent acetyl oxygen atom is difficult to participate in coordination but it is happened in the N-acetyl-L-tyrosine ligands. • The ancillary ligands (4,4′-bipy and bpe) are present in an unusual coordination modes, monodentate decorating ligands in 1, 2 and 4. • Structure comparative analyses results indicate that the

  4. Urinary Compounds in Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alcorn, A.; Berney, T.; Bretherton, K.; Mills, M.; Savery, D.; Shattock, P.

    2004-01-01

    Although earlier claims to identify specific compounds in the urine of people with autism had been discredited, it was subsequently suggested that there might be biochemical characteristics that were specific to early childhood, particularly in those who also did not have a severe degree of intellectual disability This study was to establish…

  5. Aminopropyl thiophene compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Goodman, M.M.; Knapp, F.F.

    1990-04-03

    This patent describes radiopharmaceuticals useful in brain imaging comprising radiohalogenated thienylethylamine derivatives. The compounds are 5-halo-thiophene-2-isopropyl amines able to cross the blood-brain barrier and be retained for a sufficient length of time to allow the evaluation of regional blood flow by radioimaging of the brain.

  6. Fun with Ionic Compounds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logerwell, Mollianne G.; Sterling, Donna R.

    2007-01-01

    Ionic bonding is a fundamental topic in high school chemistry, yet it continues to be a concept that students struggle to understand. Even if they understand atomic structure and ion formation, it can be difficult for students to visualize how ions fit together to form compounds. This article describes several engaging activities that help…

  7. The Onium Compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsarevsky, Nicolay V.; Slaveykova, Vera; Manev, Stefan; Lazarov, Dobri

    1997-06-01

    The onium salts are of a big interest for theoretical and structural chemistry, and for organic synthesis. Some representatives of the group (e.g. ammonium salts) were known from the oldest times. Many onium salts are met the nature: ammonium salts (either as inorganic salts, and organic derivatives, e.g. aminoacids, salts of biogenic amines and alkaloids, etc.); oxonium salts (plant pigments as anthocyans are organic oxonium compounds), etc. In 1894 C. Hartmann and V. Meyer prepared the first iodonium salts - 4-iododiphenyliodonium hydrogensulfate and diphenyliodonium salts, and suggested the ending -onium for all compounds with properties similar to those of ammonium salts. Nowadays onium compounds of almost all nonmetals are synthesised and studied. A great variety of physical methods: diffraction (e.g. XRD) and spectral methods (IR-, NMR-, and UV-spectra), as well as the chemical properties and methods of preparation of onium salts have been used in determination of the structure of these compounds. The application of different onium salts is immense. Ammonium, phosphonium and sulfonium salts are used as phase-transfer catalysts; diazonium salts - for the preparation of dyes, metalochromic and pH-indicators. All the onium salts and especially diazonium and iodonium salts are very useful reagents in organic synthesis.

  8. Analyzing cranberry bioactive compounds.

    PubMed

    Côté, J; Caillet, S; Doyon, G; Sylvain, J-F; Lacroix, M

    2010-10-01

    There is a growing public interest for the North American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) as a functional food because of the potential health benefits linked to phytochemical compounds present in the fruit--the anthocyanin pigments, responsible for its brilliant red color, and other secondary plant metabolites (flavonols, flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins, and phenolic acid derivatives). Isolation of these phenolic compounds and flavonoids from a sample matrix is a prerequisite to any comprehensive analysis scheme. By far the most widely employed analytical technique for the characterization of these compounds has been high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) coupled with ultraviolet-visible(UV/Vis) and mass spectrometer(MS) detection. This review covers the cranberry major bioactive compounds, the extraction and purification methods, and the analytical conditions for HPLC used to characterize them. Extraction, chromatographic separation and detection strategies, analyte determinations, and applications in HPLC are discussed and the information regarding methods of specific cranberry analyte analyses has been summarized in tabular form to provide a means of rapid access to information pertinent to the reader. PMID:20924868

  9. Aminopropyl thiophene compounds

    DOEpatents

    Goodman, Mark M.; Knapp, Jr., Furn F.

    1990-01-01

    Radiopharmaceuticals useful in brain imaging comprising radiohalogenated thienylethylamine derivatives. The compounds are 5-halo-thiophene-2-isopropyl amines able to cross the blood-brain barrier and be retained for a sufficient length of time to allow the evaluation of regional blood flow by radioimaging of the brain.

  10. PERSISTENT PERFLUORINATED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have gained notoriety in the recent past. Global distribution of PFCs in wildlife, environmental samples and humans has sparked a recent increase in new investigations concerning PFCs. Historically PFCs have been used in a wide variety of consume...

  11. Zinc and Compounds

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Zinc and Compounds ; CASRN 7440 - 66 - 6 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogen

  12. Boron and Compounds

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Boron and Compounds ; CASRN 7440 - 42 - 8 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinoge

  13. Lead and compounds (inorganic)

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Lead and compounds ( inorganic ) ; CASRN 7439 - 92 - 1 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for

  14. Barium and Compounds

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Barium and Compounds ; CASRN 7440 - 39 - 3 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinog

  15. Beryllium and compounds

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Beryllium and compounds ; CASRN 7440 - 41 - 7 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarci

  16. Selenium and Compounds

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Selenium and Compounds ; CASRN 7782 - 49 - 2 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcin

  17. 8-fluoropurine compounds

    DOEpatents

    Barrio, Jorge R.; Satyamurthy, Nagichettiar; Namavari, Mohammad; Phelps, Michael E.

    2001-01-01

    An efficient, regiocontrolled approach to the synthesis of 8-fluoropurines by direct fluorination of purines with dilute elemental fluorine, or acetyl hypofluorite, is provided. In a preferred embodiment, a purine compound is dissolved in a polar solvent and reacted with a dilute mixture of F.sub.2 in He or other inert gas.

  18. Noun Compounding in Thai.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fasold, Ralph William August

    The present study, a slightly revised version of the author's 1968 Ph.D. thesis presented to the University of Chicago, investigates compound formation in Thai. Chapter 1 summarizes the transformational generative theory on which the study is based, discusses the concept that Thai is a "simple" language in comparison with English, and briefly…

  19. Compound floating pivot micromechanisms

    DOEpatents

    Garcia, Ernest J.

    2001-04-24

    A new class of tilting micromechanical mechanisms have been developed. These new mechanisms use compound floating pivot structures to attain far greater tilt angles than are practical using other micromechanical techniques. The new mechanisms are also capable of bi-directional tilt about multiple axes.

  20. Unique Eu(II) Coordination Environments with a Janus Cryptand.

    PubMed

    Jin, Guo-Xia; Bailey, Matthew D; Allen, Matthew J

    2016-09-01

    Two new Eu(II)-containing cryptates were prepared with a new nitrogenous cryptand functionalized with three benzo groups. The introduction of three aromatic rings into the ligand backbone imparts lopsided geometrical features on the resulting Eu(II) coordination environments. In both complexes, the interactions between Eu and the amines on the aromatic side of the molecule are weaker than those on the nonaromatic side, resulting in one discrete unit with two distinct faces. One of the new complexes is, to the best of our knowledge, the first direct observation of a bis-aquo Eu(II)-containing cryptate with two nonadjacent inner-sphere water molecules. In addition to solid-phase structure, the electronic UV-visible and emission spectra of the new complexes were studied in acetonitrile. Experimental results show that the decreased Lewis basicity of the aromatic face hypsochromically shifts absorbances and emissions from a structurally related compound without the benzo groups. PMID:27548510

  1. Local Physical Coordinates from Symplectic Projector Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Andrade, M. A.; Santos, M. A.; Vancea, I. V.

    The basic arguments underlying the symplectic projector method are presented. By this method, local free coordinates on the constraint surface can be obtained for a broader class of constrained systems. Some interesting examples are analyzed.

  2. Intraflagellar transport: keeping the motors coordinated.

    PubMed

    Cole, Douglas G

    2005-10-11

    Intraflagellar transport is a conserved delivery system that services eukaryotic cilia and flagella. Recent work in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has identified proteins required for the functional coordination of intraflagellar transport motors and their cargoes. PMID:16213810

  3. Neuroimaging Coordination Dynamics in the Sport Sciences

    PubMed Central

    Jantzen, Kelly J.; Oullier, Olivier; Kelso, J.A. Scott

    2008-01-01

    Key methodological issues for designing, analyzing, and interpreting neuroimaging experiments are presented from the perspective of the framework of Coordination Dynamics. To this end, a brief overview of Coordination Dynamics is introduced, including the main concepts of control parameters and collective variables, theoretical modeling, novel experimental paradigms, and cardinal empirical findings. Basic conceptual and methodological issues for the design and implementation of coordination experiments in the context of neuroimaging are discussed. The paper concludes with a presentation of neuroimaging findings central to understanding the neural basis of coordination and addresses their relevance for the sport sciences. The latter include but are not restricted to learning and practice-related issues, the role of mental imagery, and the recovery of function following brain injury. PMID:18602998

  4. Highly accurate articulated coordinate measuring machine

    DOEpatents

    Bieg, Lothar F.; Jokiel, Jr., Bernhard; Ensz, Mark T.; Watson, Robert D.

    2003-12-30

    Disclosed is a highly accurate articulated coordinate measuring machine, comprising a revolute joint, comprising a circular encoder wheel, having an axis of rotation; a plurality of marks disposed around at least a portion of the circumference of the encoder wheel; bearing means for supporting the encoder wheel, while permitting free rotation of the encoder wheel about the wheel's axis of rotation; and a sensor, rigidly attached to the bearing means, for detecting the motion of at least some of the marks as the encoder wheel rotates; a probe arm, having a proximal end rigidly attached to the encoder wheel, and having a distal end with a probe tip attached thereto; and coordinate processing means, operatively connected to the sensor, for converting the output of the sensor into a set of cylindrical coordinates representing the position of the probe tip relative to a reference cylindrical coordinate system.

  5. Feature Clustering for Accelerating Parallel Coordinate Descent

    SciTech Connect

    Scherrer, Chad; Tewari, Ambuj; Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Haglin, David J.

    2012-12-06

    We demonstrate an approach for accelerating calculation of the regularization path for L1 sparse logistic regression problems. We show the benefit of feature clustering as a preconditioning step for parallel block-greedy coordinate descent algorithms.

  6. Bilateral Coordination of Children who are Blind.

    PubMed

    Rutkowska, Izabela; Lieberman, Lauren J; Bednarczuk, Grzegorz; Molik, Bartosz; Kazimierska-Kowalewska, Kalina; Marszałek, Jolanta; Gómez-Ruano, Miguel-Ángel

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bilateral coordination in children and adolescents with visual impairments aged 7 to 18 years in comparison to their sighted peers. An additional objective was to identify the influence of sex and age on bilateral coordination. Seventy-five individuals with congenital severe visual impairment (40 girls and 35 boys) comprised the visually impaired group. The Sighted group comprised 139 youth without visual impairment. Subtest 4 of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency was administered to test bilateral coordination. To analyze the effect of the independent variables in the results obtained in the Subtest 4, four linear regression models were applied according to group and sex. The results indicated that severe visual impairment and lack of visual sensation had a negative effect on the development of participants' bilateral coordination, which however did not depend on sex or age. PMID:27166337

  7. Spectral Networks and Fenchel-Nielsen Coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hollands, Lotte; Neitzke, Andrew

    2016-05-01

    It is known that spectral networks naturally induce certain coordinate systems on moduli spaces of flat SL(K)-connections on surfaces, previously studied by Fock and Goncharov. We give a self-contained account of this story in the case K = 2 and explain how it can be extended to incorporate the complexified Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates. As we review, the key ingredient in the story is a procedure for passing between moduli of flat SL(2)-connections on C (equipped with a little extra structure) and moduli of equivariant GL(1)-connections over a covering {Σ to C} ; taking holonomies of the equivariant GL(1)-connections then gives the desired coordinate systems on moduli of SL(2)-connections. There are two special types of spectral network, related to ideal triangulations and pants decompositions of C; these two types of network lead to Fock-Goncharov and complexified Fenchel-Nielsen coordinate systems, respectively.

  8. Spectral Networks and Fenchel-Nielsen Coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hollands, Lotte; Neitzke, Andrew

    2016-06-01

    It is known that spectral networks naturally induce certain coordinate systems on moduli spaces of flat SL( K)-connections on surfaces, previously studied by Fock and Goncharov. We give a self-contained account of this story in the case K = 2 and explain how it can be extended to incorporate the complexified Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates. As we review, the key ingredient in the story is a procedure for passing between moduli of flat SL(2)-connections on C (equipped with a little extra structure) and moduli of equivariant GL(1)-connections over a covering {Σ to C}; taking holonomies of the equivariant GL(1)-connections then gives the desired coordinate systems on moduli of SL(2)-connections. There are two special types of spectral network, related to ideal triangulations and pants decompositions of C; these two types of network lead to Fock-Goncharov and complexified Fenchel-Nielsen coordinate systems, respectively.

  9. 45 CFR 98.82 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... childhood development programs. ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Coordination. 98.82 Section 98.82 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian...

  10. 45 CFR 98.82 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... childhood development programs. ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Coordination. 98.82 Section 98.82 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian...

  11. 45 CFR 98.82 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... childhood development programs. ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Coordination. 98.82 Section 98.82 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian...

  12. 45 CFR 98.82 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... childhood development programs. ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Coordination. 98.82 Section 98.82 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian...

  13. 45 CFR 98.82 - Coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... childhood development programs. ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coordination. 98.82 Section 98.82 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Indian...

  14. 77 FR 260 - Forest Resource Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ... coordination of actions within USDA and the broader forestry sector, with specific focus on owners of non... disabilities. Dated: December 27, 2011. Robin L. Thompson, Associate Deputy Chief, State and Private...

  15. Calibration of transformation matrix in object body coordinate and camera coordinate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Jincheng; Sun, Zengyu; Guo, Lei; Wang, Dongwei

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, a new coordinate system calibration is proposed in order to define the dependence of position between object body coordinate and camera coordinate which can be used in object measurement by the formation of image. Due to existing the fabrication and installation error, it is difficult to make system parallel between object body coordinate and camera coordinate. To resolve it, the deviation of the two coordinate system is demanded to measure detailed. The deviation compensation in the image processing software can ensure the accuracy the pitch angle and azimuth in the destination image of camera measurement system. In order to definite the position, a base coordinate system of theodolite is set by mutual-space measurement principle. After the measurement of theodolite system, a transformation matrix of the base coordinate system can be deduced. Changing the position of the theodolite station and adjusting the cross-screw to infinity, the transformation matrix between the base coordinate and star-sensor coordinate can be deduced by image formation of the destination at infinity. The position relation between object body and camera can be calculated by the transformation matrix. The results of the measurement experiment show that the gauging repeatability is 6' which can meet the system gauging demands.

  16. The Lanthanide Contraction beyond Coordination Chemistry.

    PubMed

    Ferru, Geoffroy; Reinhart, Benjamin; Bera, Mrinal K; Olvera de la Cruz, Monica; Qiao, Baofu; Ellis, Ross J

    2016-05-10

    The lanthanide contraction is conceptualized traditionally through coordination chemistry. Here we break this mold in a structural study of lanthanide ions dissolved in an amphiphilic liquid. The lanthanide contraction perturbs the weak interactions between molecular aggregates that drive mesoscale assembly and emergent behavior. The weak interactions correlate with lanthanide ion transport properties, suggesting new strategies for rare-earth separation that exploit forces outside of the coordination sphere. PMID:27060294

  17. Coordinates of features on the Galilean satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davies, M. E.; Katayama, F. Y.

    1980-01-01

    The coordinate systems of each of the Galilean satellites are defined and coordinates of features seen in the Voyager pictures of these satellites are presented. The control nets of the satellites were computed by means of single block analytical triangulations. The normal equations were solved by the conjugate iterative method which is convenient and which converges rapidly as the initial estimates of the parameters are very good.

  18. Coordinating Council. Second Meeting: International Acquisitions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    The theme of this NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program Coordinating Council was International Acquisitions. Included are both visuals for presentations and reports on discussions related to the topics. Presentations were made on the following topics: Coordination council organization international plan, STI global network, International aerospace climate, Foreign exchange program, Foreign activities RMS & AIAA, NASA translation program, A.F. machine translation system, and CIRC cooperation.

  19. Determining Spatial Coordinates By Laser Ranging

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schumacher, Larry L.

    1990-01-01

    Three range-measuring lasers arranged in triangle measure location of point. Set of three measurements of distances (ranges) of retroreflector on object from three rangefinders provides sufficient information to calculate coordinates of retroreflector in coordinate system defined by rangefinders. If at least three noncollinear retroreflectors attached to object, orientation of object also determined. Potential applications include observation and control of large structures, robotics, and machine vision.

  20. Crystal and molecular structure of the coordination compounds of Er{sup 3+} with 1-(methoxydiphenylphosphoryl)-2-diphenylphosphorylbenzene [ErL{sub 2}{sup 1}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub 2}[Er(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}]{sub 0.333}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2.333} · 2.833H{sub 2}O and its ethyl substituted derivative [ErL{sub 2}{sup 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}][Er(NO{sub 3}){sub 5}]{sub 0.5} · 0.5H{sub 2}O

    SciTech Connect

    Polyakova, I. N.; Baulin, V. E.; Ivanova, I. S.; Pyatova, E. N.; Sergienko, V. S.; Tsivadze, A. Yu.

    2015-01-15

    The coordination compounds of Er{sup 3+} with 1-(methoxydiphenylphosphoryl)-2-diphenylphosphorylbenzene [ErL{sub 2}{sup 1}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub 2}[Er(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}]{sub 0.333}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2.333} · 2.833H{sub 2}O (I) and its ethyl substituted derivative [ErL{sub 2}{sup 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}][Er(NO{sub 3}){sub 5}]{sub 0.5} · 0.5H{sub 2}O (II) are synthesized and their crystal structures are studied. I and II contain [ErL{sub 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sup +} complex cations of identical composition and close structure. The eight-vertex polyhedron of the Er atom in the shape of a distorted octahedron with two split trans vertices is formed by the O atoms of the phosphoryl groups of L ligands and nitrate anions. L ligands close nine-membered metallocycles. The structures contain spacious channels which are populated differently, namely, by disordered [Er(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}]{sup +} complex cations, NO{sub 3}{sup −} anions, and crystallization water molecules in I and disordered [Er(NO{sub 3}){sub 5}]{sup 2−} complex anions and crystallization water molecules in II. The IR spectra of I and II are studied.

  1. Strong anticipation: complexity matching in interpersonal coordination.

    PubMed

    Marmelat, Vivien; Delignières, Didier

    2012-10-01

    A subtle coordination occurs within complex systems, between multiple nested sub-systems. This intra-system coordination can be detected by the presence of 1/f fluctuations produced by the system. But coordination can occur also between systems. Interpersonal coordination has been studied from a local point of view until now, focusing on macroscopic interactions. But the recent concept of strong anticipation introduced by Dubois (Lect Notes Comput Sci 2684:110-132, 2003) suggests that interactions could occur on multiple levels between complex systems. The hypothesis is that time series in interpersonal synchronization present a matching of the complexity index (fractal exponent). Moreover, it is argued that this matching is not a consequence of short-term adaptations but reveals a global coordination between participants. Eleven pairs of participants oscillated a hand-held pendulum in the in-phase pattern for 11 min, in three conditions where the coupling strength was manipulated by the perceptual feedbacks. The results show a high correlation between fractal exponents irrespective of the coupling strength, and a very low percentage of local cross-correlations between time series appear at lag 0 and lag 1. These results suggest that interpersonal coordination, and more globally synchronization of participants with natural environments, is based on non-local time scales. PMID:22865163

  2. Metabolomic insights into system-wide coordination of vertebrate metamorphosis

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background After completion of embryogenesis, many organisms experience an additional obligatory developmental transition to attain a substantially different juvenile or adult form. During anuran metamorphosis, the aquatic tadpole undergoes drastic morphological changes and remodelling of tissues and organs to become a froglet. Thyroid hormones are required to initiate the process, but the mechanism whereby the many requisite changes are coordinated between organs and tissues is poorly understood. Metabolites are often highly conserved biomolecules between species and are the closest reflection of phenotype. Due to the extensive distribution of blood throughout the organism, examination of the metabolites contained therein provides a system-wide overview of the coordinated changes experienced during metamorphosis. We performed an untargeted metabolomic analysis on serum samples from naturally-metamorphosing Rana catesbeiana from tadpoles to froglets using ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer. Total and aqueous metabolite extracts were obtained from each serum sample to select for nonpolar and polar metabolites, respectively, and selected metabolites were validated by running authentic compounds. Results The majority of the detected metabolites (74%) showed statistically significant abundance changes (padj < 0.001) between metamorphic stages. We observed extensive remodelling of five core metabolic pathways: arginine and purine/pyrimidine, cysteine/methionine, sphingolipid, and eicosanoid metabolism and the urea cycle, and found evidence for a major role for lipids during this postembryonic process. Metabolites traditionally linked to human disease states were found to have biological linkages to the system-wide changes occuring during the events leading up to overt morphological change. Conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first wide-scale metabolomic study of vertebrate metamorphosis identifying fundamental pathways

  3. Tuning Coordination in s-Block Carbazol-9-yl Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Ortu, Fabrizio; Moxey, Graeme J; Blake, Alexander J; Lewis, William; Kays, Deborah L

    2015-01-01

    1,3,6,8-Tetra-tert-butylcarbazol-9-yl and 1,8-diaryl-3,6-di(tert-butyl)carbazol-9-yl ligands have been utilized in the synthesis of potassium and magnesium complexes. The potassium complexes (1,3,6,8-tBu4carb)K(THF)4 (1; carb=C12H4N), [(1,8-Xyl2-3,6-tBu2carb)K(THF)]2 (2; Xyl=3,5-Me2C6H3) and (1,8-Mes2-3,6-tBu2carb)K(THF)2 (3; Mes=2,4,6-Me3C6H2) were reacted with MgI2 to give the Hauser bases 1,3,6,8-tBu4carbMgI(THF)2 (4) and 1,8-Ar2-3,6-tBu2carbMgI(THF) (Ar=Xyl 5, Ar=Mes 6). Structural investigations of the potassium and magnesium derivatives highlight significant differences in the coordination motifs, which depend on the nature of the 1- and 8-substituents: 1,8-di(tert-butyl)-substituted ligands gave π-type compounds (1 and 4), in which the carbazolyl ligand acts as a multi-hapto donor, with the metal cations positioned below the coordination plane in a half-sandwich conformation, whereas the use of 1,8-diaryl substituted ligands gave σ-type complexes (2 and 6). Space-filling diagrams and percent buried volume calculations indicated that aryl-substituted carbazolyl ligands offer a steric cleft better suited to stabilization of low-coordinate magnesium complexes. PMID:25783772

  4. A Lamellar Coordination Polymer with Remarkable Catalytic Activity.

    PubMed

    Mendes, Ricardo F; Antunes, Margarida M; Silva, Patrícia; Barbosa, Paula; Figueiredo, Filipe; Linden, Anthony; Rocha, João; Valente, Anabela A; Almeida Paz, Filipe A

    2016-09-01

    A positively charged lamellar coordination polymer based on a flexible triphosphonic acid linker is reported. [Gd(H4 nmp)(H2 O)2 ]Cl⋅2 H2 O (1) [H6 nmp=nitrilotris(methylenephosphonic acid)] was obtained by a one-pot approach by using water as a green solvent and by forcing the inclusion of additional acid sites by employing HCl in the synthesis. Compound 1 acts as a versatile heterogeneous acid catalyst with outstanding activity in organic reactions such as alcoholysis of styrene oxide, acetalization of benzaldehyde and cyclohexanaldehyde and ketalization of cyclohexanone. For all reaction systems, very high conversions were reached (92-97 %) in only 15-30 min under mild conditions (35 °C, atmospheric pressure). The coordination polymer exhibits a protonic conductivity of 1.23×10(-5)  S cm(-1) at 98 % relative humidity and 40 °C. PMID:27505712

  5. Thermodynamic studies of thermochromic phase transition in coordination compound of iron with triazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bessergenev, V. G.; Berezovski, G. A.; Lavrenova, L. G.; Larionov, Stanislav V.

    1995-08-01

    The aim of this work was to investigate the thermodynamic properties of nitrate tris(4-amino- 1,2,4-triazole) iron(II) for which a thermochromic effect takes place at T equals 342 K on heating and at 310 K on cooling. For the measurement of the isobaric heat capacity in the 5 - 355 K range, a vacuum adiabatic calorimeter was used. Below 300 K, the Cp,m(T) curve has no anomalies; the average deviation of the experimental heat-capacity values from the smoothed Cp,m(T) curve was 0.1 percent. Above 300 K, the Cp,m(T) curve shows a complicated behavior. The abnormal part of the heat capacity first increases smoothly, then from 330 K a sharp rise begins. There is a peak on the Cp,m-curve at T equals 343.0 K. This fact is in a good agreement with the magnetic measurement data. The transition enthalpy was determined to be 22.8 kJ(DOT)mol-1 (M equals 432.10 g(DOT)mol-1). Further increase of the heat capacity suggests the existence of a new phase transition above 350 K. This suggestion was confirmed qualitatively by the measurements on a differential scanning calorimeter. It should be noted that on the low- temperature slope of the anomaly, at 320 < T < 330 K, there is a small anomaly with the maximum deviation of 5 - 10% from the regular part. To compare the phonon characteristics, the heat capacity of nitrate tris(4-amino-1,2,4-triazole) copper(II) was studied.

  6. Application of a new coordination compound for the preparation of AgI nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Mohandes, Fatemeh; Salavati-Niasari, Masoud

    2013-10-15

    Graphical abstract: Silver iodide nanoparticles have been sonochemically synthesized by using silver salicylate complex, [Ag(HSal)], as silver precursor. A series of control experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of solvent, surfactant concentration, sonication time and temperature on the morphology of AgI nanostructures. - Highlights: • Silver salicylate as a new precursor was applied to fabricate γ-AgI nanoparticles. • To further decrease the particle size of AgI, SDS was used as surfactant. • The effect of preparation parameters on the particle size of AgI was investigated. - Abstract: AgI nanoparticles have been sonochemically synthesized by using silver salicylate, [Ag(HSal)], as silver precursor. To investigate the effects of solvent, surfactant concentration, sonication time and temperature on the morphology of AgI nanostructures, several experiments were carried out. The products were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, TGA/DTA, UV–vis, and FT-IR. Based on the experimental findings in this research, it was found that the size of AgI nanoparticles was dramatically dependent on the silver precursor, sonochemical irradiation, and surfactant concentration. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was applied as surfactant. When the concentration of SDS was 0.055 mM, very uniform sphere-like AgI nanoparticles with grain size of about 25–30 nm were obtained. These results indicated that the high concentration of SDS could prevent the aggregation between colloidal nanoparticles due to its steric hindrance effect.

  7. Light-controlled molecular switches based on bistable spirocyclic organic and coordination compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minkin, Vladimir I.

    2013-01-01

    Modern concepts of mechanisms of thermal and photochemical rearrangements responsible for the photochromic properties of spiropyrans, spirooxazines, spiroperimidines and metal bis(chelate) complexes have been considered. The most important applications of spiropyrans and spirooxazines as light-controlled molecular switches of physical and biological properties of hybrid molecular and supramolecular structures and macroscopic materials have been discussed. The bibliography includes 185 references.

  8. Thermodynamic studies of the thermochromic phase transition in coordination compound of iron with triazole

    SciTech Connect

    Bessergenev, V.G.; Berezovski, G.A.; Lavrenova, L.G.; Larionov, S.V.

    1995-12-31

    The aim of this work was to investigate the thermodynamic properties of nitrate tris(4-amino-1,2,4-triazole) iron(II) for which a thermochromic effect takes place at T=342 K on heating and at 310 K on cooling. For the measurement of the isobaric heat capacity in the 5--355 K range, a vacuum adiabatic calorimeter was used. Below 300 K, the C{sub p,m}(T) curve has no anomalies; the average deviation of the experimental heat-capacity values from the smoothed C{sub p,m}(T) curve was 0.1 percent. Above 300 K, the C{sub p,m}(T) curve shows a complicated behavior. The abnormal part of the heat capacity first increases smoothly, then from 330 K a sharp rise begins. There is a peak on the C{sub p,m}-curve at T=343.0 K. This fact is in a good agreement with the magnetic measurement data. The transition enthalpy was determined to be 22.8 kJ{center_dot}mol{sup {minus}1} (M=432.10 g{center_dot}-mol{sup {minus}1}). Further increase of the heat capacity suggests the existence of a new phase transition above 350 K. This suggestion was confirmed qualitatively by the measurements on a differential scanning calorimeter. It should be noted that on the low-temperature slope of the anomaly, at 320

  9. Two new Pb coordination polymers derived from pyrimidine-2-thiolate: Synthesis, methyl substitution-induced effect and properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Jiang-Feng; Li, Si-Zhe; Zhou, Rui-Sha; Hu, Tuo-Ping; Shao, Jia; Zhang, Xiao

    2016-07-01

    Two new coordination compounds, {Pb(pymt)2}∞ (1) and {Pb(mpymt)2}∞ (2) (pymt = pyrimidine-2-thiolate and mpymt = 4-methyl-pyrimidine-2-thione) have been synthesized under solvothermal conditions and characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In compounds 1 and 2, pymt- and mpymt- adopt the same coordination modes (μ-1 κN, S and μ2-1 κN, S: 2 κS, N) to interacted with Pb2+, however, different topology structures for compounds 1 and 2 are obtained. Compound 1 displays a one-dimensional (1D) ribbon with square cavity constructed from two double concentric chains of [Pb-S]∞ and [Pb-Pyrimidine] ∞ sharing Pb1 ions. Compound 2 shows 1D polymeric single chain constructed by [Pb-S]∞ and [Pb-methyl-pyrimidine]∞ chains. The results revealed that the methyl groups don't influence the coordination modes of pyrimidine-2-thiolate but directed the structural variations. Moreover, the fluorescent properties of compounds 1 and 2 were investigated.

  10. Surface and coordination chemistry related to GaAs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keys, Andrea

    The vapor phase structures of Al(tBU)3 and Ga(tBU)3 have been investigated by gas phase electron diffraction and consist of planar three-coordinate monomers. Salient structural parameters (ra) include: Al-C = 2.005(3) A, Ga-C = 2.034(2) A. The geometries are controlled by inter-ligand interactions. The electron diffraction structures are compared to those determined by ab initio calculations for M(tBU)3 (M = Al, Ga, In). To understand the most suitable linkages for the surface of GaAs, model compounds were synthesized by reacting Ga(tBU)3 and [tBu2Ga(mu-Cl]2 with one molar equivalent of varying ligands. The synthesized compounds include chlorides, benzenethiolate, dithiocarbamates, carboxylates, amides, benzohydroxamate, and phenylphosphonate. The Ga ⋯ Ga and Ga-ligand interatomic distances for these compounds, as well as Group 15 and 16 donor bridging ligands, are compared to the values for the surface of GaAs and cubic-GaS in order to determine their suitability as linkage groups for self-assembled monolayers. The most suitable linkages were determined to be benzenethiol and phenylphophonic acid, and these were used to grow self-assembled monolayers on {100} GaAs. Carboxylic acid was also used, to determine the success of the organometallic model compounds in predicting the suitability of ligands for surface reaction. Self-assembled monolayers were also grown on Al2O3, using carboxylic acids and phenylphosphonic acids as the surface linkages. Metallo-organic chemical vapor deposition was performed using single-source precursors ( tBU)2Ga(S2CNR2). The tert -butyl gallium bis-dialkyl-dithiocarbamate compounds, (tBu)Ga(S2CNR2)2, are formed as minor products via ligand disproportionation reactions. Gallium sulfide (GaS) thin films have been grown at 375-425°C by atmospheric pressure metal-organic chemical vapor deposition using compounds (tBu) 2Ga(S2CNMe2) and (tBu)2Ga(S 2CNEt2) as single source precursors. Polycrystalline samples of the chalcogenides InSe, In2Se3

  11. Two Zn coordination polymers with meso-helical chains based on mononuclear or dinuclear cluster units

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Ling; Qiao, Wen-Cheng; Zuo, Wei-Juan; Zeng, Si-Ying; Mei, Cao; Liu, Chang-Jiang

    2016-07-01

    Two zinc coordination polymers {[Zn2(TPPBDA)(oba)2]·DMF·1.5H2O}n (1), {[Zn(TPPBDA)1/2(tpdc)]·DMF}n (2) have been synthesized by zinc metal salt, nanosized tetradentate pyridine ligand with flexible or rigid V-shaped carboxylate co-ligands. These complexes were characterized by elemental analyses and X-ray single-crystal diffraction analyses. Compound 1 is a 2-fold interpenetrated 3D framework with [Zn2(CO2)4] clusters. Compound 2 can be defined as a five folded interpenetrating bbf topology with mononuclear Zn2+. These mononuclear or dinuclear cluster units are linked by mix-ligands, resulting in various degrees of interpenetration. In addition, the photoluminescent properties for TPPBDA ligand under different state and coordination polymers have been investigated in detail.

  12. Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Magnesium Based Coordination Networks in Different Solvents

    SciTech Connect

    Banerjee, Debasis; Finkelstein, Jeffrey; Smirnov, A.; Forster, Paul M.; Borkowski, Lauren A.; Teat, Simon J.; Parise, John B.

    2015-10-15

    Three magnesium based metal-organic frameworks, Mg{sub 3}(3,5-PDC){sub 3}(DMF){sub 3} {center_dot} DMF [1], Mg(3,5-PDC)(H{sub 2}O) {center_dot} (H{sub 2}O) [3], and Mg4(3,5-PDC)4(DMF){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} {center_dot} 2DMF {center_dot} 4.5H{sub 2}O [4], and a 2-D coordination polymer, [Mg(3,5-PDC)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] [2] [PDC = pyridinedicarboxylate], were synthesized using a combination of DMF, methanol, ethanol, and water. Compound 1 [space group P2{sub 1}/n, a = 12.3475(5) {angstrom}, b = 11.1929(5) {angstrom}, c = 28.6734(12) {angstrom}, {beta} = 98.8160(10){sup o}, V = 3916.0(3) {angstrom}{sup 3}] consists of a combination of isolated and corner-sharing magnesium octahedra connected by the organic linkers to form a 3-D network with a 12.2 {angstrom} x 4.6 {angstrom} 1-D channel. The channel contains coordinated and free DMF molecules. In compound 2 [space group C2/c, a = 9.964(5) {angstrom}, b = 12.0694(6) {angstrom}, c = 7.2763(4) {angstrom}, {beta} = 106.4970(6){sup o}, V = 836.70(6) {angstrom}{sup 3}], PDC connects isolated seven coordinated magnesium polyhedra into a layered structure. Compound 3 [space group P6{sub 1}22, a = 11.479(1) {angstrom}, c = 14.735(3) {angstrom}, V = 1681.7(4) {angstrom}{sup 3}] (previously reported) contains isolated magnesium octahedra connected by the organic linker with each other forming a 3D network. Compound 4 [space group P2{sub 1}/c, a = 13.7442(14) {angstrom}, b = 14.2887(15) {angstrom}, c = 14.1178(14) {angstrom}, {beta} = 104.912(2){sup o}, V = 2679.2(5) {angstrom}{sup 3}] also exhibits a 3D network based on isolated magnesium octahedra with square cavities containing both disordered DMF and water molecules. The structural topologies originate due to the variable coordination ability of solvent molecules with the metal center. Water molecules coordinate with the magnesium metal centers preferably over other polar solvents (DMF, methanol, ethanol) used to synthesize the coordination networks. Despite testing

  13. Room temperature synthesis of a Zn(II) metal-organic coordination polymer for dye removal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abbasi, Alireza; Gharib, Maniya; Najafi, Mahnaz; Janczak, Jan

    2016-03-01

    A new one-dimensional (1D) coordination polymer, [Zn(4,4‧-bpy)(H2O)4](ADC)·4H2O (1) (4,4‧-bpy=4,4‧-bipyridine and H2ADC=acetylenedicarboxylic acid), was synthesized at room temperature. The crystal structure of the coordination polymer was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 was also characterized by FT-IR, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The catalytic activity of 1 was evaluated in the color removal of Bismarck brown as a representative of dye pollutant in water under mild conditions. Coordination polymer 1 exhibited good catalytic activity and stability in the decolorization of Bismarck brown and could be easily recovered and reused for at least three cycles.

  14. 76 FR 64960 - Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee... Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee (FRPCC) is holding a public meeting on November 1, 2011 in... INFORMATION: The role and functions of the Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee...

  15. 77 FR 24213 - Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-23

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee... Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee (FRPCC) is holding a public meeting on May 3, 2012 in... role and functions of the Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee (FRPCC)...

  16. 75 FR 27563 - Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee... Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee (FRPCC) is holding a public meeting on June 3, 2010 in... the Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee (FRPCC) are described in 44 CFR...

  17. 77 FR 16316 - Shipping Coordinating Committee; Notice of Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Shipping Coordinating Committee; Notice of Committee Meeting The Shipping Coordinating Committee (SHC) will conduct an... . Dated: March 9, 2012. Brian Robinson, Executive Secretary, Shipping Coordinating Committee,...

  18. Raman spectroscopic study of two dimensional polymer compounds of 2-aminopyrimidine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akyuz, Sevim; Akyuz, Tanil

    2005-06-01

    The Raman spectra of the two dimensional layered polymer compounds, M(2APM) 2M'(CN) 4 {where M=Mn or Cd; and M'=Ni or Pt; 2APM=2-aminopyrimidine} are reported in the 70-4000 cm -1 region. Vibrational data suggests that compounds are similar in structure to the Hofmann type two dimensional coordination polymer compounds, formed with M(CN)4-2 ions bridged by M(2APM)2+2 cations. 2-Aminopyrimidine was coordinated to M(II) through one of the nitrogen atom of its heterocycle ring. Vibrational assignments are given for the bands arising from the tetracyanometallate layers and coordinated 2APM.

  19. Arsonium compounds in algae

    PubMed Central

    Benson, A. A.

    1989-01-01

    Search for a precursor of the arsenobetaine discovered in Western Australian rock lobster tail muscle has led to an algal metabolite of radioarsenate having the properties of a trimethylarsoniumriboside derivative of the major arsenicals of aquatic plants, dimethylarsinoylribosylglycerol, its sulfate ester, and the corresponding riboside of phosphatidylglycerol. Such an arsonium compound could serve as metabolic precursor of arsenobetaine, the innocuous arsenical component of many marine food products. The oceanic diatom, Chaetoceros gracilis, cultured in radioarsenate produced a compound whose chemical, chromatographic, and electrophoretic properties are described. It was found to be identical to the trimethylarsonium derivative synthesized from the major algal arsenical, 1-(5′-dimethylarsinoyl-5′-deoxyribosyl)glycerol-3-O -sulfate. PMID:16594059

  20. Organic compounds in meteorites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawless, J. G.

    1980-01-01

    Recent studies of carbonaceous chondrites provide evidence that certain organic compounds are indigenous and the result of an abiotic, chemical synthesis. The results of several investigators have established the presence of amino acids and precursors, mono- and dicarboxylic acids, N-heterocycles, and hydrocarbons as well as other compounds. For example, studies of the Murchison and Murray meteorites have revealed the presence of at least 40 amino acids with nearly equal abundances of D and L isomers. The population consists of both protein and nonprotein amino acids including a wide variety of linear, cyclic, and polyfunctional types. Results show a trend of decreasing concentration with increasing carbon number, with the most abundant being glycine (41 n Moles/g). These and other results to be reviewed provide persuasive support for the theory of chemical evolution and provide the only natural evidence for the protobiological subset of molecules from which life on earth may have arisen.