Science.gov

Sample records for cognitively guided instruction

  1. A Cognitive Reading Guide: Equalizing Instruction for "Where the Red Fern Grows."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giannuzzi, Michelle L.; Hudson, Floyd

    1998-01-01

    Provides a cognitive reading guide for the first four chapters of the novel, "Where the Red Fern Grows" (Rawls, 1961), that incorporates teacher-directed whole-class instruction with a student reading guide to equalize instruction for various levels of learners. Ideas for whole-class instruction are contained within the lesson plans. (CR)

  2. The Effects of Cognitively Guided Instruction on Mathematics Achievement of Second Grade Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendricks, Cynthia

    2013-01-01

    In 2010, 6% of students in the United States were performing at an advanced level in mathematics. During the previous year, the United States produced over 987,000 low math achievers. The theoretical foundations of this research project study were found in Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI). The research problem addressed in this study is the…

  3. Measurement in the Service of Mathematics Education Research: The Case of Cognitively Guided Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helding, Brandon Alan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate one iterate of a process for developing a measurement instrument for student knowledge within educational interventions. Student mathematical knowledge is framed within Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) and its tenets. That is, the construct underlying the measurement instrument corresponded…

  4. Cognitive task analysis for instruction in single-injection ultrasound guided-regional anesthesia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gucev, Gligor V.

    Cognitive task analysis (CTA) is methodology for eliciting knowledge from subject matter experts. CTA has been used to capture the cognitive processes, decision-making, and judgments that underlie expert behaviors. A review of the literature revealed that CTA has not yet been used to capture the knowledge required to perform ultrasound guided regional anesthesia (UGRA). The purpose of this study was to utilize CTA to extract knowledge from UGRA experts and to determine whether instruction based on CTA of UGRA will produce results superior to the results of traditional training. This study adds to the knowledge base of CTA in being the first one to effectively capture the expert knowledge of UGRA. The derived protocol was used in a randomized, double blinded experiment involving UGRA instruction to 39 novice learners. The results of this study strongly support the hypothesis that CTA-based instruction in UGRA is more effective than conventional clinical instruction, as measured by conceptual pre- and post-tests, performance of a simulated UGRA procedure, and time necessary for the task performance. This study adds to the number of studies that have proven the superiority of CTA-informed instruction. Finally, it produced several validated instruments that can be used in instructing and evaluating UGRA.

  5. The Effect of Cognitively Guided Instruction on Primary Students' Math Achievement, Problem-Solving Abilities and Teacher Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medrano, Juan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to impact the teaching and learning of math of 2nd through 4th grade math students at Porfirio H. Gonzales Elementary School. The Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) model serves as the independent variable for this study. Its intent is to promote math instruction that emphasizes problem-solving to a greater degree…

  6. A Living Metaphor of Differentiation: A Meta-Ethnography of Cognitively Guided Instruction in the Elementary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Katherine; Harter, Meghan Evelynne

    2015-01-01

    This meta-ethnography explores qualitative studies around the Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) framework of mathematics and illustrates how CGI epitomizes differentiation. The meta-ethnographic process is used to synthesize CGI as differentiation, specifically within the elementary mathematics classroom. Thomas P. Carpenter is credited as one…

  7. Cognitively Guided Instruction: An Implementation Case Study of a High Performing School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowdy, William D. B.

    2011-01-01

    No Child Left Behind legislation developed goals for every student to be proficient in each academic subject by 2014. California's students are far from meeting this goal, especially in mathematics. One Southern Californian school district, renamed Green Valley Unified School District for anonymity, began using Cognitively Guided Instruction…

  8. Computer Guided Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, M. David; Wood, Larry E.

    1984-01-01

    Describes preliminary efforts to create the Lesson Design System, a computer-guided instructional design system written in Pascal for Apple microcomputers. Its content outline, strategy, display, and online lesson editors correspond roughly to instructional design phases of content and strategy analysis, display creation, and computer programing…

  9. Instructional Guide for Cosmetology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

    Intended as a tool for cosmetology teachers in Virginia public and private schools, the document is an instructional guide which offers 12 units of study, arranged in a three year course. Materials covered help prepare students for licensure in the State of Virginia and the guide is designed to cover the 1,500 hours required to be spent in the…

  10. Management. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutnyak, Dana

    This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year management programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1) introductory…

  11. Apparel. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rambo, Patti

    This instructional guide for a one-half credit technological laboratory course for grades 10-12 focuses on apparel from the perspectives of personal decision making related to apparel, the apparel industry, and career preparation. Introductory materials are a course description; overview of course design; facilities, equipment, and resources; and…

  12. Cognitive Task Analysis for Instruction in Single-Injection Ultrasound Guided-Regional Anesthesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gucev, Gligor V.

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive task analysis (CTA) is methodology for eliciting knowledge from subject matter experts. CTA has been used to capture the cognitive processes, decision-making, and judgments that underlie expert behaviors. A review of the literature revealed that CTA has not yet been used to capture the knowledge required to perform ultrasound guided…

  13. Work Experience Education Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathiasen, Bill; And Others

    This instructional guide is designed to provide work experience education coordinators with a series of topical items which can be incorporated into the related instruction portion of a high school student's work experience education program. The activities in this instructional guide represent a common core of concepts and understandings…

  14. Cognitive Approaches to Automated Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regian, J. Wesley, Ed.; Shute, Valerie J., Ed.

    This book contains a snapshot of state-of-the-art research on the design of automated instructional systems. Selected cognitive psychologists were asked to describe their approach to instruction and cognitive diagnosis, the theoretical basis of the approach, its utility and applicability, and the knowledge engineering or task analysis methods…

  15. Supervision: A Guide to Instructional Leadership-2nd Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Peter J.; Krey, Robert D.

    2005-01-01

    The first edition of this book, titled "A Design for Instructional Supervision", provided a structural framework for an effective program of instructional supervision. The basic cognitive thrust of this second edition, "Supervision: A Guide to Instructional Leadership", remains the same as the first. What has changed is the attention to the…

  16. Planning Guide for Instructional Computing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    League for Innovation in the Community Coll., Laguna Hills, CA.

    Designed to assist academic administrators at community colleges in developing strategies for the application of computers to teaching and learning, this guide provides background information and recommendations for the design and implementation of an instructional computing plan. Chapter 1 examines computers as a topic of instruction, as a medium…

  17. An Instructional Guide for Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carambio, Lisa; And Others

    Presented is an instructional guide for parents of severely and profoundly retarded and multiply handicapped children. Developed by 20 graduate students during a summer institute at Duquesne University, the guide suggests activities in communication, self-help and physical development. An introduction provides a definition of the severely involved…

  18. Instructional Guide for Autobody Repair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

    The curriculum guide was developed to serve as a statewide model for Virginia auto body repair programs. The guide is designed to 1,080 hours of instruction in eleven blocks: orientation, introduction, welding and cutting, techniques of shaping metal, body filler and fiberglass repairs, body and frame, removing and replacing damaged parts, basic…

  19. Secondary Dance Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Instructional Planning and Development.

    This manual provides guidelines for dance teachers in secondary schools. A brief statement is made on the purpose and philosophy of dance education, and activities and instructional suggestions are presented for various dance forms: (1) group dance--folk/ethnic, square dance, and social dance; (2) aerobic dance; (3) jazz dance; (4) modern dance;…

  20. Interior Design: Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hays, Tricia

    This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year interior design programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1) introductory…

  1. Computer-Assisted Instruction Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Entelek, Inc., Newburyport, MA.

    Provided is a compilation of abstracts of currently available computer-assisted instructional (CAI) programs. The guide contains the specifications of all operational CAI programs that have come under the surveillance of ENTELEK's CAI Information Exchange since its establishment in 1965. A total of 226 CAI programs by 160 authors at 38 CAI centers…

  2. Child Development. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheatham, Joyce

    This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year child development programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1) introductory…

  3. Cognitive Apprenticeships: An Instructional Design Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Brent; Cole, Peggy

    This discussion of the relationship between two related disciplines--cognitive psychology and instructional design (ID)--characterizes instructional design as a more applied discipline, which concerns itself more with prescriptions and models for designing instruction, while instructional psychologists conduct empirical research on learning and…

  4. How cognitive theory guides neuroscience

    PubMed Central

    Frank, Michael J.; Badre, David

    2015-01-01

    The field of cognitive science studies latent, unobservable cognitive processes that generate observable behaviors. Similarly, cognitive neuroscience attempts to link latent cognitive processes with the neural mechanisms that generate them. Although neural processes are partially observable (with imaging and electrophysiology), it would be a mistake to ‘skip’ the cognitive level and pursue a purely neuroscientific enterprise to studying behavior. In fact, virtually all of the major advances in understanding the neural basis of behavior over the last century have relied fundamentally on principles of cognition for guiding the appropriate measurements, manipulations, tasks, and interpretations. We provide several examples from the domains of episodic memory, working memory and cognitive control, and decision making in which cognitive theorizing and prior experimentation has been essential in guiding neuroscientific investigations and discoveries. PMID:25496988

  5. Instructional Programming Guide For Computer Assisted Instruction. Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimberlin, Donald A.

    The guidelines and procedures for the development of course materials for presentation by a computerized instructional system are described in this report. The tutorial mode of the instructional model is emphasized. The guide is intended to furnish the experienced instructional programer with a ready reference which can be used to facilitate the…

  6. Family and Career Management. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathieson, Mary

    This instructional guide for a one-half credit course for grades 11-12 emphasizes preparation for family and career roles, effective management, and personal and career effectiveness. Introductory materials are a course description; overview of course design; facilities, equipment, and resources; and how to use the instructional guide. Texas…

  7. The Kindergarten Guide for Instructional Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leigh, Cindy; And Others

    This color-coded curriculum guide is designed to facilitate instructional planning and help Mississippi's kindergarten teachers develop their schools' instructional management plan. Five broad units of instruction are presented, each of which has been tested, revised, and extended by classroom teachers. The units, which encompass many unit themes…

  8. Cognitive Theory and the Design of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wildman, Terry M.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the contributions of cognitive theory to continued progress in the field of instructional design, and, correspondingly, what designers can do in the coming decade to facilitate the growth and development of the understanding of human cognition. Forty references are appended. (Author/LLS)

  9. Behavioristic and Cognitive Approaches in Programmed Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chastain, Kenneth

    Implications of the behaviorist and cognitive theories in language instruction are discussed in this article. Some contributions of Skinner, Politzer, Valette, Morton, Lane, and Mueller and Niedzielski clarify the behaviorists' view of language as a myriad of conditioned responses. In turn, the cognitive viewpoint, seen as the acquisiton and…

  10. Assessment of Cognitive Requirements of Instructional Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartford, Fred; Good, Ron

    1976-01-01

    Evaluates the CHEM study topics of kinetic theory of gases, phase changes, chemical bonds, and equilibrium as to the level of cognitive development required for an understanding of each subject. Advocates an assignment of topics within the range of a student's cognitive ability in an individual study format of instruction. (CP)

  11. Buyer's Guide to Computer Based Instructional Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fratini, Robert C.

    1981-01-01

    Examines the advantages and disadvantages of shared multiterminal computer based instruction (CBI) systems, dedicated multiterminal CBI systems, and stand-alone CBI systems. A series of questions guide consumers in matching a system's capabilities with an organization's needs. (MER)

  12. Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Student Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Mary W.

    These student materials are designed to accompany the Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Page numbers are consistent with the numbering in that guide. Seventeen units are provided. The materials in Unit 1 concern aspects of locating information about occupations; Unit 2 provides an introduction to the 15 occupational clusters. Each of the…

  13. Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Spanish Student Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Mary W.; And Others

    This document is the Spanish language version of the student materials component designed to accompany the Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Page numbers are consistent with numbering in that guide. Seventeen units are provided. The materials in Unit 1 concern various aspects of locating information about occupations; Unit 2 provides an…

  14. Instructional Guide for Vocational Welding. V & TECC Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

    This trade and industrial curriculum guide for welding is designed for vocational welding programs that provide 960 hours of instruction. The introductory section provides a statement of welding philosophy, objectives, block time schedule, and recommended facilities and equipment. Following the introductory section, ten blocks of instruction are…

  15. Instructional Guide for Vocational Power Mechanics. V & TECC Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

    This trade and industrial curriculum guide for power mechanics is designed for vocational power mechanics programs that provide 960 hours of instruction. The introductory section provides a statement of philosophy, block time schedule, and the objectives for power mechanics. Following the introductory section, fourteen blocks of instruction are…

  16. Cognitive Load Theory and Music Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owens, Paul; Sweller, John

    2008-01-01

    In two experiments, the principles of cognitive load theory were applied to the design of alternatives to conventional music instruction hypothesised to facilitate learning. Experiment 1 demonstrated that spatial integration of visual text and musical notation, and dual-modal delivery of auditory text and musical notation, were superior to the…

  17. Toward a Cognitive Theory of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Resnick, Lauren B.

    An inquiry attempted to build an agenda for research that would result in a cognitive theory of instruction capable of informing educational practice and extending the limits of knowledge about how people learn and develop. What would such a theory look like, how close are we to having one, and what directions must be followed to further its…

  18. Optimizing Cognitive Rehabilitation: Effective Instructional Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sohlberg, McKay Moore; Turkstra, Lyn S.

    2011-01-01

    Rehabilitation professionals face a key challenge when working with clients with acquired cognitive impairments: how to teach new skills to individuals who have difficulty learning. Unique in its focus, this book presents evidence-based instructional methods specifically designed to help this population learn more efficiently. The expert authors…

  19. Cognitive Style and Subliminal Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, David M.

    This study tested several hypotheses about the effects of the cognitive style of students on their ability to learn a subliminal task while viewing a non-related film. Subjects were 132 undergraduate students who were divided into three groups: field dependent, neutral, and field independent. The task to be taught subliminally was the assembly in…

  20. Guide Book 1975; Television Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agency for Instructional Television, Bloomington, IN.

    The videotape courses available through the Agency for Instructional Television (AIT) are listed. Courses fall into three broad categories: primary through senior high, post-secondary, and teacher inservice. Within each category, individual courses, their materials, and their intended audiences are described. Courses are indexed by relevant grade…

  1. Work Experience Education Instructional Guide. Revision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Association of Work Experience Educators, Orange.

    This guide provides work experience education coordinators with a framework and a series of topical items that can be incorporated into the classroom-related instruction portion of the student's work experience education program. An introduction lists student outcomes, describes the curriculum framework, and outlines verification activities.…

  2. Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Career Investigation. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Mary; Cegiel, Linda

    This instructional guide on career opportunities contains 17 units on the following topics: locating information about occupations; introduction to the occupational clusters; agribusiness and natural resources; business and office; communications and media; construction; consumer and homemaking; environment; fine arts and humanities; health;…

  3. Instructional Guide for Calculus, Secondary Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

    The purpose of this instructional guide is to assist teachers of calculus in the organization and presentation of the course content to best meet the needs of the student. The behaviors expected of the student have been organized into eleven units. These units include the topics recommended for those students preparing for the CEEB advanced…

  4. Health Concepts, Guides for Health Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

    Concepts and supporting data pertaining to major health problems facing youth today as well as those anticipated in the next decade are enumerated in this resource. The material is designed as a reference for curriculum planners and classroom teachers in developing curriculum and teaching guides, units and instruction, and other curriculum…

  5. Using Your Inner Voice to Guide Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohr, Doris J.; Walcott, Crystal Y.; Kastberg, Signe E.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a tool teachers can use to analyze student work and provides activity suggestions to guide instruction based on their findings. By integrating the voice of the child and the voice of the discipline, teachers can use their inner voice to build a model of the child's understanding. (Contains 8 figures.)

  6. Tic Tac Toe Math. Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Richard

    This instructional guide and set of three companion workbooks are intended for use in an arithmetic course based on the Tic Tac Toe method of addition and multiplication, which is an alternative means of learning to add and multiply that was developed for students whose learning disabilities (including difficulty in distinguishing left from right…

  7. Idaho Driver Education Instructional Guide. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise.

    This driver education instructional safety guide is organized in three sections: Driver Education; Motorcycle Education; and Driver Education for the Handicapped. The driver education section contains 10 units dealing with the following topics: parent orientation; student orientation; basic control skills; driver performance; driving regulations;…

  8. Consumer and Family Economics: Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennis, Bobbye

    This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year consumer and family economics programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1)…

  9. Personal and Family Development. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

    This instructional guide for a one-credit comprehensive laboratory course for grades 9-12 provides a broad range of knowledge and skills related to personal development and management, promotion of strong families, and preparation for adult roles. Introductory materials consist of a course description; overview of course design; facilities,…

  10. Preparation for Parenting. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

    This instructional guide for a one-half-credit technical laboratory course for grades 10-12 teaches parental responsibilities; child guidance techniques; positive role modeling and parenting practices that promote child development, health, safety, and well-being. Introductory materials consist of a course description; overview of course design;…

  11. Individual and Family Life. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

    This instructional guide for a one-half-credit technical course for grades 10-12 focuses on personal development, interpersonal relationships, effective individual and family functioning, and career preparation. Introductory materials consist of a course description; overview of course design; facilities, equipment, and resources; and a section on…

  12. Science. Grade 11. LEAP: Instructional Strategies Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge.

    The Louisiana Educational Assessment Program (LEAP) Grade 11 Test is designed to measure proficiency in four subject areas including English, mathematics, social studies, and science. This guide for science is intended to provide a description of the way in which specific skill areas are assessed on the LEAP test and instructional considerations…

  13. Reading, Grade 5. TEAMS Instructional Strategies Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The Texas Educational Assessment of Minimum Skills (TEAMS) was developed by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), in response to Texas House Bill 72 (1984), which mandated a new basic skills assessment program for mathematics, reading, and writing at grades 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11. This is one in a series of Instructional Strategies Guides designed to…

  14. Reading, Grade 9. TEAMS Instructional Strategies Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The Texas Educational Assessment of Minimum Skills (TEAMS) was developed by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), in response to Texas House Bill 72 (1984), which mandated a new basic skills assessment program for mathematics, reading, and writing at grades 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11. This is one in a series of Instructional Strategies Guides designed to…

  15. Reading, Grade 7. TEAMS Instructional Strategies Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The Texas Educational Assessment of Minimum Skills (TEAMS) was developed by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), in response to Texas House Bill 72 (1984), which mandated a new basic skills assessment program for mathematics, reading, and writing at grades 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11. This is one in a series of Instructional Strategies Guides designed to…

  16. A GUIDE TO INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DIAMOND, ROBERT M., ED.

    THIS IS A GUIDE DESIGNED AS A SINGLE REFERENCE FOR ADMINISTRATORS, TEACHERS, STUDENTS, AND LAYMEN INTERESTED IN TELEVISION FOR A SPECIFIC SCHOOL OR SCHOOL SYSTEM. FOUR EXAMPLES OF SINGLE-ROOM TELEVISION ARE GIVEN AND SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS OF STUDIO TELEVISION ARE PRESENTED. ITS USE IN GUIDANCE AND IN ADMINISTRATION IS EXPLAINED. THE PROBLEMS…

  17. A Guide to Classroom Instruction for Adjunct Faculty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, John H.

    This book is a self-study instructional guide designed to explain how to deliver a course. The guide includes four modules: (1) Introduction to Classroom Instruction; (2) Fundamentals of Learning; (3) Methods of Delivering Instruction; and (4) Administration, Evaluation, and Feedback. Each module includes a case that presents a problem or…

  18. Cognitive Principles of Problem Solving and Instruction. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greeno, James G.; And Others

    Research in this project studied cognitive processes involved in understanding and solving problems used in instruction in the domain of mathematics, and explored implications of these cognitive analyses for the design of instruction. Three general issues were addressed: knowledge required for understanding problems, knowledge of the conditions…

  19. Cognitive Navigation: Toward a Biological Basis for Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tripp, Steven

    2001-01-01

    Discusses cognitive navigation, cognitive maps and online learning, and the role of the hippocampus in navigation. Topics include brain research in animal and human studies; types of memory; human navigation, including land navigation and information navigation; instructional strategies; tree maps of curriculum structure; cognitive complexity; and…

  20. Cognitive Theory and the Design of Multimedia Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, William R.

    2004-01-01

    A research involving cognitive theory, and the pattern of multimedia information is discussed. The research has produced eight provisional rules for the multimedia approach, and indicates how cognitive science helps in generating information, while instructional research strengthens the concepts of cognitive science.

  1. Web-Based Instruction: A Guide for Libraries, Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Susan Sharpless

    2010-01-01

    Expanding on the popular, practical how-to guide for public, academic, school, and special libraries, technology expert Susan Sharpless Smith offers library instructors the confidence to take Web-based instruction into their own hands. Smith has thoroughly updated "Web-Based Instruction: A Guide for Libraries" to include new tools and trends,…

  2. Language Arts: Grade 7. Secondary Education Instructional Resource Guides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meehan, Anna, Comp.

    Produced in response to a school board's directive to develop a plan for implementing a standardized curriculum in the basic subjects on a district-wide basis, this guide contains instructional objectives for the area of seventh grade language arts. Included in the guide are (1) an instructional objectives checklist providing all objectives and…

  3. Cataloging Guide for Instructional Materials Used in Livonia Public Schools Instructional Materials Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livonia Public Schools, MI.

    This working guide for Livonia's Public Schools provides detailed instructions in preparing and handling catalog cards, a supplemental cataloging and classification guide, and typing rules for technical processing. Standard abbreviations are given for making classification entries, and separate cataloging instructions are given for charts,…

  4. Mnemonic Strategy Instruction for Beginning Readers with Cognitive Impairments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burton, Rivka

    2013-01-01

    Many students with cognitive impairments are not afforded the opportunity to develop their potential as readers. A review of the literature reveals that few researchers have evaluated the effects of phonics instruction on the reading skills of students with cognitive impairments. The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a…

  5. From Behaviourism to Cognitive Behaviourism to Cognitive Development: Steps in the Evolution of Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Robbie; Bereiter, Carl

    1984-01-01

    Traces history of instructional technology, including Skinner's work, Gagne's task analytic approach, and contemporary efforts associated with the cognitive revolution. It is suggested that an understanding of cognitive development improves earlier approaches by adapting them directly to students' cognitive development levels. Recent instructional…

  6. Neuroimaging of Cognitive Load in Instructional Multimedia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whelan, Robert R.

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviews research literature on cognitive load measurement in learning and neuroimaging, and describes a mapping between the main elements of cognitive load theory and findings in functional neuroanatomy. It is argued that these findings may lead to the improved measurement of cognitive load using neuroimaging. The paper describes how…

  7. Intravenous Therapy Instruction for Licensed Practical Nurses. Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, Pam; Carey, Jean

    This Idaho instructor's guide lists tasks and enabling objectives, outlines instruction, and provides handout masters, overhead masters, and tests for intravenous therapy (IV) instruction for licensed practical nurses. Following an introduction and a list of criteria for successful completion of IV therapy courses, the document lists tasks and…

  8. The Effect of Guided Reading Instruction on Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Vanda Lea

    2010-01-01

    Although reading achievement correlates highly with a student's ability to do well in school, not all children achieve in reading. The purpose of this mixed-method study was to investigate whether reading instruction provided in small groups at the child's own reading level, known as "guided reading instruction," would result in significant…

  9. Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Council for Computers in Education, Eugene, OR.

    Two instruments have been developed to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating educational software and courseware: the "Courseware Description" form and the "Courseware Evaluation" form. Complete instructions for using both forms are provided in this guide, along with the forms themselves. Prior to the instructions is an introductory…

  10. The Principal's Guide to Instructional Improvement: Theory to Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krajewski, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Beginning with an abridged history of administrative and clinical supervision, "The Principal's Guide to Instructional Improvement" offers principals both background information, as well as comprehensive models and examples, to analyze and improve teacher instruction. Based on the principle of teacher growth, rather than teacher evaluation, this…

  11. Key Reading Recovery Strategies to Support Classroom Guided Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipp, Jamie R.; Helfrich, Sara R.

    2016-01-01

    Effective teachers are continuously striving to improve their instruction. Reading Recovery teachers have detailed and specific literacy training and expertise that can be of great value to classroom teachers, especially in the area of guided reading instruction. This article explores the ways in which key Reading Recovery strategies can be…

  12. Preventing information overload: cognitive load theory as an instructional framework for teaching pharmacology.

    PubMed

    Kaylor, Sara K

    2014-02-01

    Nursing students are challenged by content-laden curricula and learning environments that emphasize testing outcomes. Likewise, educators are challenged to support student-centered learning in a manner that encourages students to connect and act upon their personal motivations. This article describes the use of cognitive load theory (CLT) as an instructional design framework for an undergraduate pharmacology for nursing course. Guided by the principles of CLT, four instructional strategies were used in this course: (a) opening review activities, (b) providing students with lecture notes, (c) a "Top Five" prototype approach, and (d) deciphering "Need to Knows" from "Nice to Knows." Instructional style and strategies received positive student feedback and were found to promote a student-centered environment and active learning. On the basis of this feedback, cognitive load theory may be a successful and effective framework for undergraduate pharmacology and other nursing courses, thus assisting students and educators alike in overcoming obstacles imposed on learning environments. PMID:24444008

  13. Language Arts Curriculum K-12 and Guide to Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahway Public Schools, NJ.

    The purpose of this language arts curriculum guide for grades kindergarten through twelve is to present the approved curriculum that serves as the basic core of all language arts instruction. The guide components--reading, writing, speaking, listening, and thinking--can be treated as individual disciplines, each with its own body of knowledge and…

  14. Rethinking Strategy Instruction: Direct Reading Strategy Instruction versus Computer-Based Guided Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenhard, Wolfgang; Baier, Herbert; Endlich, Darius; Schneider, Wolfgang; Hoffmann, Joachim

    2013-01-01

    There are many established reading strategy training programmes, which explicitly teach strategic and meta-cognitive knowledge to improve reading comprehension. Although instruction in strategy knowledge leads to improvements in meta-cognitive skills, the effects do not always transfer to reading comprehension. Therefore, to investigate…

  15. A Short Guide to Instructional Techniques.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubadeau, Duane O.; And Others

    Designed to provide a concise description of traditional instructional techniques, as well as more recent technology-based techniques, this 11-part guidebook includes the following sections: (1) "The Value of Planning"; (2) "Aids to Effective Instruction," reviewing the reasons for employing learning objectives, Bloom's taxonomy of objectives for…

  16. Guide Book; Television Instruction--1974 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Instructional Television Center, Bloomington, IN.

    Descriptions of instructional television films produced by the National Instructional Television Center (NIT) are presented. Three major groups are listed, the first of which consists of 61 film series for elementary or secondary students dealing with the following subjects: art, career development, communications, early childhood, foreign…

  17. Visual Instructional Strategies and Cognitive Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leps, A. Arvo

    Aptitude-treatment interaction was used to determine if learners with a preference for a holistic learning style (as opposed to a serialist learning style) learn more effectively with non-linear, rather than linear, instructional materials. One hundred and fifty college students underwent pretesting for content familiarity with the basics of…

  18. Instructional Design and Directed Cognitive Processing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bovy, Ruth Colvin

    This paper argues that the information processing model provides a promising basis on which to build a comprehensive theory of instruction. Characteristics of the major information processing constructs are outlined including attention, encoding and rehearsal, working memory, long term memory, retrieval, and metacognitive processes, and a unifying…

  19. Designing for User Cognition and Affect in Software Instructions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Meij, Hans

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we examine how to design software instructions for user cognition and affect. A basic and co-user manual are compared. The first provides fundamental support for both; the latter includes a buddy to further optimize support for user affect. The basic manual was faster and judged as easier to process than the co-user manual. In…

  20. Educational Technology Research Journals: "Cognition and Instruction," 2003-2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warr, Melissa C.; Nelson, Kari Ross; West, Richard E.

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the authors examined the journal "Cognition and Instruction" to discover trends from the past decade (2003-2012). They looked at trends in article topics, research methods, authorship, and article citations by analyzing keyword frequencies, performing phrase counts of article abstracts, classifying studies according to…

  1. Cognitive Styles and Instructional Design in University Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Patrick R.; McKay, Jacinta B.

    2010-01-01

    Changes in conceptualization and measurement of the verbalizer-visualizer dimension led us to re-examine the hypothesis that students learn best when instructional material matches their cognitive style. First-year psychology university students (n = 41) studied information on three personality theories presented in text only, text+picture, or…

  2. Strategic Teaching and Learning: Cognitive Instruction in the Content Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Beau Fly, Ed.; And Others

    This collection of essays focuses on the "strategic teaching" model of cognitive instruction, a model which makes clear the complex thinking process that teaching is, highlights the importance of the teaching/learning connection, and aims at enabling all types of students to become successful learners. The papers consider the varied levels at…

  3. Instruction, Cognitive Scaffolding, and Motivational Scaffolding in Writing Center Tutoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackiewicz, Jo; Thompson, Isabelle

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we quantitatively analyze the discourse of experienced writing center tutors in 10 highly satisfactory conferences. Specifically, we analyze tutors' instruction, cognitive scaffolding, and motivational scaffolding, all tutoring strategies identified in prior research from other disciplines as educationally effective. We find…

  4. Composition Instruction and Cognitive Performance: Results of a Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bugos, Jennifer; Jacobs, Edward

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a composition program, Composers in Public Schools (CiPS), on cognitive skills essential for academic success. The underlying hypothesis is that composition instruction will promote creative expression and increase performance on music-specific skills such as music reading, as well as foster…

  5. The Importance of Neurological and Cognitive Research for Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacRae-Campbell, Linda

    New views of intelligence and cognitive learning styles highlight ways to increase educational effectiveness by improving instructional methods. Research shows that both hemispheres of the brain play a role in learning, but evidence indicates that one hemisphere may be more aroused than the other in the case of a particular child. Individuals with…

  6. Nutrition and Food Science. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hays, Tricia

    This teaching, guide for a high school nutrition and food science course, includes introductory information about the course, course design, facilities and equipment, Future Homemakers of America, and use of the guide. The course addresses nutrition and food science from the perspective of food habits and wellness; menu planning; special dietary…

  7. Special Section: Cognition and Instruction in Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Richard E., Ed.

    1989-01-01

    This special section on cognition and mathematics contains an introduction and 13 articles on advances in the psychology of mathematics learning. The articles focus on how students learn to solve mathematics problems, including arithmetic computation problems, arithmetic word problems, and computer programing problems. (SLD)

  8. Using Student Voices to Guide Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott-Johns, Susan E.; Booth, David; Rowsell, Jennifer; Puig, Enrique; Paterson, Jane

    2012-01-01

    A collaborative team of five international teacher educators/researchers examine the importance of student voice for authentic discourse and instructional design in contemporary classrooms. Excerpts from their perspectives on teaching, research, and innovative programs are woven together and include suggested Actions/Reflections for the reader.…

  9. Instructional Leadership: A Learning-Centered Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoy, Anita Woolfolk; Hoy, Wayne Kolter

    This book was written with the assumption that teachers and administrators must work as colleagues to improve instruction and learning in schools. It was written to be consistent with the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) standards for school administrators, especially Standards 1 and 2, which emphasize a learning-centered…

  10. Guiding Classroom Instruction through Performance Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oberg, Carol

    2010-01-01

    Current research indicates that students need authentic, meaningful curriculum to remain involved with the learning process, that this type of learning has positive results on high stakes exams, and that teachers require prior knowledge of students' skills and interests to develop high quality and effective instruction and curriculum. To…

  11. A Teacher's Guide to Differentiating Instruction. Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Differentiation is modified instruction that helps students with diverse academic needs and learning styles master the same challenging academic content. This month's newsletter examines the characteristics of differentiation and offers suggestions for how teachers can use it to improve student achievement. [This document was produced by The…

  12. The Instructional Guide for Abbott Skills Enhancement Classes. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ballinger, Ronda; Gee, Mary Kay

    This guide, which integrates adult basic education (ABE) curriculum, job skills for Abbott Laboratories, and work-related foundation skills, is designed for an instructional program in the skill areas of reading, writing, oral communications, mathematics, and problem solving. In addition to creating a uniform process and product to promote…

  13. Social Science Instructional Guides: High School (Grades 9-12).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartman, Carl; And Others

    The guide, part of a social science learning continuum from first through twelfth grades, contains outlines for two-semester social studies courses for grades 9-12. Three components comprise each section: time allocations for units, instructional objectives, and a content outline. The Grade 9 course, Cultures of the Non-Western World, contains…

  14. Beginning English: An Instructional Guide for ESL Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brower, Lynne

    An instructional guide for English as a Second Language (ESL) teachers is presented in this volume. The 18-week program contains the following modules, each of which includes sections on civics and structure: human relations; general information; housing; consumer education (money, banking, and shopping modules); occupations; health (two modules…

  15. Masonry. Teacher's Guide. Building Maintenance Units of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Bill

    This teaching guide on masonry building maintenance, one in a series of six publications designed for building maintenance instructors in Texas, is designed to give students an understanding of masonry construction. Introductory material provides teachers with information on use of the units of instruction and personalization and localization of…

  16. Business Services and Technology. Legal Careers Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eastern Michigan Univ., Ypsilanti.

    This instructional guide focuses on legal careers, a part of the Business Services and Technology Program developed by the Michigan Department of Education Office of Career and Technical Education. It provides a variety of curriculum materials for teaching about the occupations of legal office specialist and legal assistant. The legal office…

  17. An Instructional System in Physical Science, Teacher's Guide and Keys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Univ., Pullman.

    This manual is a teacher's guide to a self-instructional program in basic physical science, designed for high school students who have not had a course in chemistry or physics. There are six units in the manual relating to these areas: problem solving and experimental procedures; universal standards, metric system and conversion; mechanics; the…

  18. A Principals Guide to Instructional Television in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of School Assistance & Support.

    This resource guide is designed to help principals acquaint themselves and their teachers with instructional television (ITV) programming and to assist in the supervision of ITV use to obtain the optimum educational value for students. A brief introduction presents a rationale for the educational use of television and describes the Nebraska State…

  19. Teacher's Survival Guide: Differentiating Instruction in the Elementary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Julia L.; Inman, Tracy F.

    2012-01-01

    "Teacher's Survival Guide: Differentiating Instruction in the Elementary Classroom" answers the most common questions about differentiation, including what it is, how teachers can set up a classroom that promotes differentiation, which topics should be differentiated, what strategies are most effective, and how teachers can assess students engaged…

  20. Health Occupations Education. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide. Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    This manual is the first part of a two-volume teacher's guide to a series of instructional units for use in health occupations education programs in Texas. Covered in the 10 units included in this volume are the following topics: taking and recording vital signs; job applications and interviews; grooming and personal hygiene; health careers;…

  1. Guide for Selecting A Computer-Based Instructional System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    A systematic process for selecting computer-based instructional systems and incorporating them into school programs is presented in this guide. The 8-step process which is outlined includes: (1) specification of goals and objectives, (2) assessment of student needs, (3) review of the curriculum framework, (4) determination of computer…

  2. A Guide to Cooperative Appraisal: Improving Instruction Through Personnel Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg, Lyle

    This guide presents a cooperative appraisal plan for evaluating educators, and thereby improving instruction. The plan is based on identifying specific job targets as a way to meet the needs of the educators and their students. Educators on every level would work to describe their job responsibilities, pinpoint areas that need improvement, design…

  3. Emergency Management Instruction. Instructor's Guide for Grades 7-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Div. of Emergency Management, Raleigh.

    Emergency Management education seeks to give students basic information about natural and man-made disasters, preparedness procedures, and survival techniques. The intent of this guide is to aid teachers in presenting disaster survival instruction in the junior high school grades. The materials are designed to supplement existing curricula, where…

  4. Food Science and Technology. Teacher's Instructional Guide [and] Reference Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Sciences.

    This reference book and teacher's instructional guide are intended for use in one- and two-year food science and technology programs for Texas high school students. The reference book provides information needed by employees in the food science and technology occupational area. Each chapter includes the following components: (1) a list of the…

  5. General Metal Trades. Book II. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hohhertz, Durwin

    This teacher's guide was developed to aid in presenting units on general metal trades to students in Texas. The units are intended to provide students with basic knowledge and skills for each area of instruction in the general metal trades, and with the basic entry-level skills they will need to have in order to enter industry as trained workers.…

  6. Auto Technician: An Instructional Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This guide is designed to help teachers in automotive technician programs for grades 11 and 12 teach the critical competencies of the program. The critical competencies covered are the Priority 1 competencies in Ohio Occupational Competency Assessment Profile (OCAP) for Automotive Technician. Teacher materials include program/instructor resources,…

  7. Resident Outdoor Education Program. Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Jonathan; Deem, Robert

    An extensive list of outdoor education activities that can be integrated into the traditional curriculum is presented in this guide. Activities are arranged by grade (from kindergarten through sixth) and by subject areas taught at each grade level. Subjects covered in grades 1-6 are science, social studies, language arts, mathematics, art, music,…

  8. Expanding Library Services and Instruction Through LibGuides.

    PubMed

    Ream, Tim; Parker-Kelly, Darlene

    2016-01-01

    Beginning in 2012, the Charles R. Drew University (CDU) Health Sciences Library used LibGuides in a number of innovative ways. Librarians constructed e-book databases, in-depth tutorials on technology-related topics, and web pages highlighting special events. To assess similar LibGuides innovation, CDU librarians developed an eight-question survey distributed to health sciences and hospital libraries throughout Southern California and Arizona. Results showed that libraries used LibGuides primarily to deliver access to online resources and to provide supplementary materials supporting instruction. Responses also revealed that many libraries had not yet adopted LibGuides. These findings were analyzed and compared to past and current LibGuides design at CDU. PMID:27391185

  9. Reading Instruction Affects the Cognitive Skills Supporting Early Reading Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGeown, Sarah P.; Johnston, Rhona S.; Medford, Emma

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the cognitive skills associated with early reading development when children were taught by different types of instruction. Seventy-nine children (mean age at pre-test 4;10 (0.22 S.D.) and post-test 5;03 (0.21 S.D.)) were taught to read either by an eclectic approach which included sight-word learning, guessing from context and…

  10. The Instructional Effects of Diagrams and Time-Compressed Instruction on Student Achievement and Learners' Perceptions of Cognitive Load

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pastore, Raymond S.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of visual representations and time-compressed instruction on learning and learners' perceptions of cognitive load. Time-compressed instruction refers to instruction that has been increased in speed without sacrificing quality. It was anticipated that learners would be able to gain a conceptual…

  11. Representing Instructional Material for Scenario-Based Guided-Discovery Courseware

    SciTech Connect

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Merrill, M. DAVID.; Rice, Douglas M.; Curtis, Darren S.

    2004-12-06

    The focus of this paper is to discuss paradigms for learning that are based on sound principles of human learning and cognition, and to discuss technical challenges that must be overcome in achieving this research goal through instructional system design (ISD) approaches that are cost-effective as well as conformant with today's interactive multimedia instruction standards. Fundamental concepts are to: engage learners to solve real-world problems (progress from simple to complex); relate material to previous experience; demonstrate what is to be learned using interactive, problem-centered activities rather than passive exposure to material; require learners to use their new knowledge to solve problems that demonstrate their knowledge in a relevant applied setting; and guide the learner with feedback and coaching early, then gradually withdraw this support as learning progresses. Many of these principles have been put into practice by employing interactive learning objects as re-usable components of larger, more integrated exercises. A challenge is to make even more extensive use of interactive, scenario-based activities within a guided-discovery framework. Because the design and construction of interactive, scenario-based learning objects and more complex integrated exercises is labor-intensive, this paper explores the use of interactive learning objects and associated representation schema for instructional content to facilitate development of tools for creating scenario-based, guided-discovery courseware.

  12. On the Cognitive Conflict as an Instructional Strategy for Conceptual Change: A Critical Appraisal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Limon, Margarita

    2001-01-01

    Reviews conceptual change theoretical frameworks that support the idea of cognitive conflict as an instructional strategy and reviews some controversial results from studies applying cognitive conflict. Discusses theoretical and practical problems that may explain the difficulties in implementing cognitive conflict as an instructional strategy.…

  13. Reducing Resistance to Diversity through Cognitive Dissonance Instruction: Implications for Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McFalls, Elisabeth L.; Cobb-Roberts, Deirdre

    2001-01-01

    Applied the principals of cognitive dissonance theory to an instructional strategy used to reduce resistance to the idea of white privilege, comparing groups of college students in diversity education courses that did and did not receive supplemental instruction on cognitive dissonance. Incorporating cognitive dissonance theory created an…

  14. Effects of Instructions, Biofeedback, and Cognitive Activities on Heart Rate Control

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Thomas W.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    In a factorial experiment, 90 male and 90 female subjects were given (a) either instructions to increase heart rate (HR), decrease HR, or no instructions to change their HR; (b) either true biofeedback, false biofeedback, or no biofeedback; and (c) either instructions concerning cognitions to help them change HR or no instructions concerning…

  15. Should there be a three-strikes rule against pure discovery learning? The case for guided methods of instruction.

    PubMed

    Mayer, Richard E

    2004-01-01

    The author's thesis is that there is sufficient research evidence to make any reasonable person skeptical about the benefits of discovery learning--practiced under the guise of cognitive constructivism or social constructivism--as a preferred instructional method. The author reviews research on discovery of problem-solving rules culminating in the 1960s, discovery of conservation strategies culminating in the 1970s, and discovery of LOGO programming strategies culminating in the 1980s. In each case, guided discovery was more effective than pure discovery in helping students learn and transfer. Overall, the constructivist view of learning may be best supported by methods of instruction that involve cognitive activity rather than behavioral activity, instructional guidance rather than pure discovery, and curricular focus rather than unstructured exploration. PMID:14736316

  16. Guided Instruction Improves Elementary Student Learning and Self-Efficacy in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hushman, Carolyn J.; Marley, Scott C.

    2015-01-01

    The authors investigated whether the amount of instructional guidance affects science learning and self-efficacy. Sixty 9- and 10-year-old children were randomly assigned to one of the following three instructional conditions: (a) guided instruction consisting of examples and student-generated explanations, (b) direct instruction consisting of a…

  17. A Home for Pearl. A Videotape Series about Wildlife Habitat for Elementary Students. Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambeth, Ellen; Westervelt, Miriam O.

    This instructional guide (accompanied by a video) teaches children from ages 6 to 12 about wildlife habitats. The instructional guide is divided into four parts and consists of supplementary activities to enhance the video. Each section of the guide provides an overview, objectives, story summary, key words in the video, discussion questions,…

  18. The Effects of Metaphorical Interface on Germane Cognitive Load in Web-Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheon, Jongpil; Grant, Michael M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a metaphorical interface on germane cognitive load in Web-based instruction. Based on cognitive load theory, germane cognitive load is a cognitive investment for schema construction and automation. A new instrument developed in a previous study was used to measure students' mental activities…

  19. Self-Instructional Cognitive Training to Reduce Impulsive Cognitive Style in Children with Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera-Flores, Gladys Wilma

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Children with attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an impulsive, rigid and field-dependent cognitive style. This study examines whether self-instructional cognitive training reduces impulsive cognitive style in children diagnosed with this disorder. Method: The subjects were 10 children between the ages of 6 and…

  20. Effectiveness of Cognitive Skills-Based Computer-Assisted Instruction for Students with Disabilities: A Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weng, Pei-Lin; Maeda, Yukiko; Bouck, Emily C.

    2014-01-01

    Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) for students with disabilities can be categorized into the following categories: visual, auditory, mobile, and cognitive skills-based CAI. Cognitive-skills based CAI differs from other types of CAI largely in terms of an emphasis on instructional design features. We conducted both systematic review of…

  1. The Long-Term Effects of Childhood Music Instruction on Intelligence and General Cognitive Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costa-Giomi, Eugenia

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews research on the effects of music instruction on general cognitive abilities. The review of more than 75 reports shows (1) the consistency in results pertaining to the short-term effects of music instruction on cognitive abilities and the lack of clear evidence on the long-term effects on intelligence; (2) the complex nature of…

  2. Teaching to the Task: Preservice Teachers' Instruction for Cognitively Demanding Writing Tasks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benko, Susanna Latham

    2012-01-01

    In this study, I examine the instruction of four preservice English teachers (PSTs) for cognitively demanding literature-based writing tasks in order to investigate the types of tasks that PSTs identify as cognitively demanding, how PSTs' instruction for such tasks maintains or degrades the task's intellectual rigor, and possible…

  3. Conceptualizing Relations between Instructional Guidance Infrastructure (IGI) and Teachers' Beliefs about Mathematics Instruction: Regulative, Normative, and Cultural-Cognitive Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopkins, Megan; Spillane, James P.

    2015-01-01

    Scholars have become increasingly interested in what is often referred to as the instructional guidance infrastructure (IGI). Research has identified the characteristics of infrastructures that make them more or less influential in guiding teachers' instruction, such as alignment, authority, and prescriptiveness. Although these are important, a…

  4. The Relationships between Cognitive Style of Field Dependence and Learner Variables in E-Learning Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sozcu, Omer Faruk

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the relationships between cognitive styles of field dependent learners with their attitudes towards e-learning (distance education) and instructional behavior in e-learning instruction. The Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) and the attitude survey (for students' preferences) towards e-learning instruction as distance…

  5. Using Cognitive Load Theory to Tailor Instruction to Levels of Accounting Students' Expertise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blayney, Paul; Kalyuga, Slava; Sweller, John

    2015-01-01

    Tailoring of instructional methods to learner levels of expertise may reduce extraneous cognitive load and improve learning. Contemporary technology-based learning environments have the potential to substantially enable learner-adapted instruction. This paper investigates the effects of adaptive instruction based on using the isolated-interactive…

  6. The Effects of Three Years of Piano Instruction on Children's Cognitive Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costa-Giomi, Eugenia

    1999-01-01

    Examines the effects of 3 years of piano instruction on children's cognitive abilities. Finds that children's general cognitive and spatial abilities improved significantly, but those improvements were only temporary. Believes that the positive effects on the children's cognitive abilities were dependent upon their dedication to learning the…

  7. Cognitive Load Theory, Educational Research, and Instructional Design: Some Food for Thought

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Jong, Ton

    2010-01-01

    Cognitive load is a theoretical notion with an increasingly central role in the educational research literature. The basic idea of cognitive load theory is that cognitive capacity in working memory is limited, so that if a learning task requires too much capacity, learning will be hampered. The recommended remedy is to design instructional systems…

  8. Responsive Guided Reading in Grades K-5: Simplifying Small-Group Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berne, Jennifer; Degener, Sophie C.

    2010-01-01

    Guided reading is a staple of elementary literacy instruction, yet planning and conducting reading groups can be time consuming and challenging. This hands-on book presents an innovative approach to guided reading that is manageable even for teachers who are new to small-group, differentiated reading instruction. Numerous classroom examples…

  9. Explore Elementary Teachers' Professional Knowledge of Guiding Science Fair Product by Using Different Instruction Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Chow-Chin

    2013-01-01

    This research is about using two different instruction models, "theory course combined with sample introduction" and "theory course combined with case method teaching", to instruct elementary teachers on how to guide the science fair product in two courses (16 and 12 teachers in each class) and observe their guiding tactics after the instructed…

  10. Teacher-Coordinator's Guide for Related Instruction in Multi-Occupation Cooperative Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spooner, Kendrick, Ed.; Mutter, Marylouise, Ed.

    The product of two teacher-coordinator workshops, the guide represents the cooperative efforts of the teacher participants and provides supplementary instructional materials for secondary school multioccupational cooperative programs. The first section of the guide is intended for use in large group classroom instruction and deals with the goals,…

  11. When Guided Reading Isn't Working: Strategies for Effective Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wall, Heather

    2014-01-01

    Guided reading is widespread as a small group reading instructional approach, and yet in some cases the original intent of guided reading as a method for encouraging readers' independent strategic thinking has been lost. This article describes one group of teachers' discoveries as they searched for a way to improve their instruction by…

  12. Teacher's Guide to Accompany "Artes Latinae," the Encyclopaedia Britannica Latin Instructional System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masciantonio, Rudolph; And Others

    This guide, a supplement to the "Artes Latinae Level One Teacher's Manual," prepared for use in the School District of Philadelphia, focuses primarily on how to adapt this course, intended for individualized instruction, to group instruction. Discussion of the multisensory instructional system includes remarks concerning the use of films, study…

  13. Cognitive Aids for Guiding Graph Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mautone, Patricia D.; Mayer, Richard E.

    2007-01-01

    This study sought to improve students' comprehension of scientific graphs by adapting scaffolding techniques used to aid text comprehension. In 3 experiments involving 121 female and 88 male college students, some students were shown cognitive aids prior to viewing 4 geography graphs whereas others were not; all students were then asked to write a…

  14. Cognitive Type Theory & Learning Style, A Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mamchur, Carolyn

    This guide provides a practical explanation of cognitive type theory and learning style that will help teachers meet students' needs and discover their own strengths as teachers and colleagues. The introduction provides an overview of the book from the perspective of a high school classroom teacher. Part One introduces the theory of psychological…

  15. Cognitive Advantages of Blending with Material Anchors in Energy Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Close, Hunter; Close, Eleanor; Scherr, Rachel; McKagan, Sarah

    2012-03-01

    Conceptual blending theory [1] explains how the human imagination creates unreal situations that help us think about reality. In these imaginary blended situations, we establish new correspondences, interactions, and dynamics, and the outcomes of the dynamics lend insight to the nature of various real situations that were used to compose the blend. Blends are not just in the head, however; in some cases, a material system participates in the blend by lending its material structure as conceptual structure [2]. In the instructional activity Energy Theater [3], people represent units of energy and move around in order to solve puzzles of energy transfer and transformation. We use the ideas of blending and material anchors to understand how learners are able to use the representation to their cognitive advantage. [4pt] [1] Fauconnier, G. & Turner, M. (2002). The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books.[0pt] [2] Hutchins, E. (2005) Material anchors for conceptual blends. Journal of Pragmatics 37, 1555-1577.[0pt] [3] Scherr, R. E., Close, H. G., McKagan, S. B., & Close, E. W. (2010) ``Energy Theater'': Using the body symbolically to understand energy. In C. Singh, M. Sabella, & S. Rebello (Eds.) 2010 PERC Proceedings. Melville, NY: AIP Press.

  16. Early Life Instruction in Foreign Language and Music and Incidence of Mild Cognitive Impairment

    PubMed Central

    Wilson, Robert S.; Boyle, Patricia A.; Yang, Jingyun; James, Bryan D.; Bennett, David A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To test the hypothesis that foreign language and music instruction in early life are associated with lower incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and slower rate of cognitive decline in old age. Method At enrollment in a longitudinal cohort study, 964 older persons without cognitive impairment estimated years of foreign language and music instruction by age 18. Annually thereafter they completed clinical evaluations that included cognitive testing and clinical classification of MCI. Results There were 264 persons with no foreign language instruction, 576 with 1–4 years, and 124 with >4 years; 346 persons with no music instruction, 360 with 1–4 years, and 258 with >4 years. During a mean of 5.8 years of observation, 396 participants (41.1%) developed MCI. In a proportional hazards model adjusted for age, sex, and education, higher levels (>4 years) of foreign language (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.687, 95% confidence interval [ CI]: 0.482, 0.961) and music (HR = 0.708, 95% CI: 0.539, 0.930) instruction by the age of 18 were each associated with reduced risk of MCI. The association persisted after adjustment for other early life indicators of an enriched cognitive environment, and it was stronger for nonamnestic than amnestic MCI. Both foreign language and music instruction were associated with higher initial level of cognitive function, but neither instruction measure was associated with cognitive decline. Conclusions Higher levels of foreign language and music instruction during childhood and adolescence are associated in old age with lower risk of developing MCI but not with rate of cognitive decline. PMID:25110933

  17. Cognitive Complexity of Mathematics Instructional Tasks in a Taiwanese Classroom: An Examination of Task Sources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Hui-Yu; Silver, Edward A.

    2014-01-01

    We examined geometric calculation with number tasks used within a unit of geometry instruction in a Taiwanese classroom, identifying the source of each task used in classroom instruction and analyzing the cognitive complexity of each task with respect to 2 distinct features: diagram complexity and problem-solving complexity. We found that…

  18. The Use of Videos as a Cognitive Stimulator and Instructional Tool in Tertiary ESL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaur, Dalwinder; Yong, Esther; Zin, Norhayati Mohd; DeWitt, Dorothy

    2014-01-01

    Even though technology is known to have a transformative effect on teaching and learning, videos are not widely used as an instructional tool in the classrooms in Malaysia. This paper focuses on using videos a cognitive stimulator and an instructional tool especially in tertiary ESL classrooms. This paper the potential of using videos for…

  19. Operationalizing Cognitive Constructs in the Design of Computer-Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hettinger, Gary A.

    This study of the application of cognitive style theory to the development of computer-based instruction explored two questions, i.e., whether computer-based courseware can be designed to address specific learner characteristics, and, if so, which characteristics. Several factors involved in the optimization of instruction are described: learner…

  20. Cognitive Apprenticeship as an Instructional Strategy for Solving Corporate Training Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Peter; Miller, Ronald; Monroe, Eula

    2009-01-01

    Cognitive apprenticeship is a teaching approach proponed by social constructivist educators that scaffolds upon students' "zones of proximal development" in authentic situations. It is an effective approach used by teachers of instructional technology when teaching student practitioners. Nevertheless, implementation of instructional design…

  1. Developing a Cognitive Map of Research and Theory in Instructional Systems Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonassen, David H.

    Cognitive mapping is used in this paper to develop a schemata which represents the knowledge domain or research and theory structure of the field of instructional technology (IST). Using the technique defined by Diekhoff and Diekhoff (1982), the primary set of concepts in instructional technology research were compared for similarity with all of…

  2. Cognitively Demanding Learning Materials with Texts and Instructional Pictures: Teachers' Diagnostic Skills, Pedagogical Beliefs and Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McElvany, Nele; Schroeder, Sascha; Baumert, Jurgen; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Horz, Holger; Ullrich, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Learning materials incorporating written texts as well as instructional pictures are the basis for learning in many subjects. However, text-picture integration makes high cognitive demands of learners, and it seems plausible that the development of this competence is influenced by teachers' instructional skills. The present studies investigated…

  3. Cognitive and Metacognitive Learning Strategy Instruction: Its Relevance for Media and Material Design. The Instructional Methods Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheid, Karen

    This report is intended to provide publishers and product developers with a summary of background information about strategy instruction for disabled learners. It also offers suggestions for how media and materials could be produced and designed to facilitate the teaching and learning of strategies. The first section looks at cognitive and…

  4. The Cognitive and Behavioral Basis of an Instructional Design: Using CBT to Teach Technical Information and Learning Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, E. K.; Kazlauskas, E. J.

    1993-01-01

    Describes a project that was developed to create production guidelines for instructional design of computer-based training (CBT) for industrial purposes. Topics addressed include Bloom's Taxonomy; Gagne's Events of Instruction; behavioral foundations; cognitive foundations; simulation as an example of cognitive instruction; learner control;…

  5. Relationship of Cognitive Level to Instructional Patterns of High School Seniors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pallrand, George J.; Moretti, Victor

    1980-01-01

    Questions how cognitive ability and aptitude of graduating high school students taking science courses compare to students in other programs. Explores a related question concerning the extent to which different Piagetian schemes are related to instructional patterns. Results show that students operating at higher cognitive levels take more science…

  6. Cognitive Strategy Instruction for Teaching Word Problems to Primary-Level Struggling Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfannenstiel, Kathleen Hughes; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Bryant, Brian R.; Porterfield, Jennifer A.

    2015-01-01

    Students with mathematics difficulties and learning disabilities (LD) typically struggle with solving word problems. These students often lack knowledge about efficient, cognitive strategies to utilize when solving word problems. Cognitive strategy instruction has been shown to be effective in teaching struggling students how to solve word…

  7. Cognitive Research and Elementary Science Instruction: From the Laboratory, to the Classroom, and Back

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klahr, David; Li, Junlei

    2005-01-01

    Can cognitive research generate usable knowledge for elementary science instruction? Can issues raised by classroom practice drive the agenda of laboratory cognitive research? Answering yes to both questions, we advocate building a reciprocal interface between basic and applied research. We discuss five studies of the teaching, learning, and…

  8. Implications of Designing Instructional Video Using Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ibrahim, Mohamed

    2012-01-01

    During the last decade, cognitive researchers identified three major challenges facing the use of multimedia materials in instruction. The first challenge is the inclusion of extraneous content that competes with the essential information for limited cognitive resources. Researchers found that including extraneous material in multimedia materials…

  9. Cognitive Learning Styles and Their Impact on Curriculum Development and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whyte, Michael; And Others

    This paper highlights extensive previous research on cognitive learning style and describes an investigation of correlated cognitive learning style testing of 107 United States Air Force cadets and officers. The investigation set out to determine whether a multidimensional construct for individuals could be identified, allowing instruction to be…

  10. Interactive orbital proximity operations planning system instruction and training guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grunwald, Arthur J.; Ellis, Stephen R.

    1994-01-01

    This guide instructs users in the operation of a Proximity Operations Planning System. This system uses an interactive graphical method for planning fuel-efficient rendezvous trajectories in the multi-spacecraft environment of the space station and allows the operator to compose a multi-burn transfer trajectory between orbit initial chaser and target trajectories. The available task time (window) of the mission is predetermined and the maneuver is subject to various operational constraints, such as departure, arrival, spatial, plume impingement, and en route passage constraints. The maneuvers are described in terms of the relative motion experienced in a space station centered coordinate system. Both in-orbital plane as well as out-of-orbital plane maneuvering is considered. A number of visual optimization aids are used for assisting the operator in reaching fuel-efficient solutions. These optimization aids are based on the Primer Vector theory. The visual feedback of trajectory shapes, operational constraints, and optimization functions, provided by user-transparent and continuously active background computations, allows the operator to make fast, iterative design changes that rapidly converge to fuel-efficient solutions. The planning tool is an example of operator-assisted optimization of nonlinear cost functions.

  11. Comparative Cognitive Task Analyses of Experimental Science and Instructional Laboratory Courses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wieman, Carl

    2015-09-01

    Undergraduate instructional labs in physics generate intense opinions. Their advocates are passionate as to their importance for teaching physics as an experimental activity and providing "hands-on" learning experiences, while their detractors (often but not entirely students) offer harsh criticisms that they are pointless, confusing and unsatisfying, and "cookbook." Here, both to help understand the reason for such discrepant views and to aid in the design of instructional lab courses, I compare the mental tasks or types of thinking ("cognitive task analysis") associated with a physicist doing tabletop experimental research with the cognitive tasks of students in an introductory physics instructional lab involving traditional verification/confirmation exercises.

  12. An Instructional Media Selection Guide for Distance Learning. Fourth Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holden, Jolly T.; Westfall, Philip J.-L.

    2007-01-01

    Increasingly, educators and trainers are challenged within their respective organizations to provide for the efficient distribution of instructional content using instructional media. The appropriate selection of instructional media to support distance learning is not intuitive and does not occur as a matter of personal preference. On the…

  13. The influence of the guided constructivist instructional model on attitudes toward secondary-level physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dallal, Kamel Salim

    The effect of guided constructivism (bridging analogies) and expository instructional methods on the attitudes of students toward physics was investigated. A nonrandomize nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group quasi- experimental design was employed. The sample consisted of 127 eleventh-grade and twelfth-grade students from five selected classes from two private high schools in Beirut, Lebanon. Two intact classes were assigned to the control group and three classes to the experimental group. The experimental group was exposed to the bridging analogies instructional method, and the control group was taught using the traditional expository method. A Likert-type instrument, the Physics Attitude Index, was used to measure attitudes on four dimensions. The 40-item Physics Attitude Index (PAI) is a questionnaire using a five response scale. Performance in the assigned topics in physics, cognitive developmental levels, and gender were used as covariants and to examine interaction effects. The experimental groups had significantly higher means than the control groups on all criterion variables. A significant interaction was found between groups and performance levels in the following cases: (a) criterion variable of attitude toward physics; (b) views toward physics learning; and (c) enjoyment of physics. This result indicated that the low performing students among the experimental group had greater gain in attitude toward physics than the high performing students in same group. On the other hand, no interaction occurred between treatment groups and gender, which shows that in this study gender has no significant effect on attitude toward physics. Significant interactions between the treatment groups and cognitive levels were found on the criterion variable of beliefs about physics as a process of learning and enjoyment of physics. In both cases, the difference between the group means were widely different among students at the concrete and transitional levels, but

  14. Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level I (18 Week).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

    Designed for students in grades 7 and 8, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for twelve units of instruction: (1) orientation; (2) understanding electricity; (3) safety; (4) methods to generate electricity; (5) wiring tools and wire; (6) soldering; (7) magnetism and electromagnetism; (8) circuits, symbols,…

  15. Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level I (9 Week).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

    Designed for students in grades 7 and 8, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for ten units of instruction (nine-week class): (1) orientation; (2) understanding electricity; (3) safety; (4) methods to generate electricity; (5) wiring tools and wire; (6) soldering; (7) magnetism and electromagnetism; (8)…

  16. RTI with Differentiated Instruction, Grades 6-8: A Classroom Teacher's Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Meara, Jodi

    2011-01-01

    Collecting, processing, and using assessment data to form instruction for each student can be overwhelming--especially with so much diversity in the classroom. Help is here, with this hands-on guide that brings together the two leading approaches to teaching students of varying abilities: Response to Instruction and Intervention (RTI) and…

  17. Putting Students on the Path to Learning: The Case for Fully Guided Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Richard E.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Sweller, John

    2012-01-01

    Disputes about the impact of instructional guidance during teaching have been ongoing for more than a half century. On one side of this argument are those who believe that all people--novices and experts alike--learn best when provided with instruction that contains unguided or partly guided segments. On the other side are those who believe that…

  18. Whole Language Use in the English as a Second Language Classroom. Instruction Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Annunzio, Anthony; Payne, Paige E.

    This guide describes the Combined Instructional Approach to adult basic education in English as a Second Language (ESL) and offers procedures for its implementation. The approach uses literate bilingual tutors with little professional educational exposure to teach beginning reading instruction in ESL. A study of the feasibility of this method…

  19. Guided Reading: A Research-Based Response to the Challenges of Early Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iaquinta, Anita

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to illuminate for early childhood teacher practitioners how guided reading, as a research-based approach to reading instruction, could address the challenges of early reading instruction. The early years are the focus for the prevention of reading difficulties and research conducted over the past two decades has…

  20. Guided Field Observations: Variables Related to Preservice Teachers' Knowledge about Effective Primary Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roehrig, Alysia D.; Guidry, Lisa O.; Bodur, Yasar; Guan, Qun; Guo, Ying; Pop, Margareta

    2008-01-01

    Relations between preservice teachers' guided field observations of primary literacy instruction and knowledge about effective beginning reading practices were explored. Preservice teachers (n = 48) participated in a Directed Field Experience course including instruction on and observations of exemplary teaching practices promoting student…

  1. Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

    Designed for students in the tenth grade, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for sixteen units of instruction: (1) orientation, (2) introduction to electricity/electronics, (3) electricity/electronics safety, (4) fundamental skills, (5) direct current circuits, (6) graphical illustrations, (7) circuit…

  2. The Laboratory. Guides for the Improvement of Instruction in Higher Education, No. 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Lawrence T.; And Others

    This guide for the improvement of instruction in higher education is designed to aid the educator in planning and conducting laboratory instruction. The examples used refer primarily to science laboratories. Topics discussed include: deciding whether or not to use the laboratory method (with a discussion of discovery learning or the processes of…

  3. The Principal's Guide to the First 100 Days of the School Year: Creating Instructional Momentum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Shawn

    2012-01-01

    For veteran principals, new principals, and aspiring principals, this book is a valuable resource for building instructional momentum during the beginning of the school year. Educational leadership expert Shawn Joseph guides administrators through five key areas: (1) Vision; (2) Instructional Leadership; (3) Politics; (4) Data; and (5) Planning.

  4. Some Instructional Implications from a Mathematical Model of Cognitive Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mierkiewicz, Diane B.

    Cognitive development and various educational implications are discussed in terms of Donald Saari's model of the interaction of a learner and the enviroment and the constraints imposed by the inefficiency of the learner's cognitive system. Saari proposed a hierarchical system of cognitive structures such that the relationships between structures…

  5. The Cognitive Consequences of Programming Instruction in Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linn, Marcia C.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses whether and how computer programing courses can teach problem solving. Provides results of an integrated set of studies of middle school programing students whose problem solving skills increased in a programing class. Argues that "exemplary" instruction is more efficient than "typical" instruction. Examines the influence of students'…

  6. An Embedded and Embodied Cognition Review of Instructional Manipulatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pouw, Wim T. J. L.; van Gog, Tamara; Paas, Fred

    2014-01-01

    Recent literature on learning with instructional manipulatives seems to call for a moderate view on the effects of perceptual and interactive richness of instructional manipulatives on learning. This "moderate view" holds that manipulatives' perceptual and interactive richness may compromise learning in two ways: (1) by imposing a…

  7. Library/Study Skills Instruction in Hawaii's Schools: A Guide for Teachers and Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

    Intended for both librarians and teachers in grades K through 12, this guide presents a framework and some of the strategies and tools needed to build toward a systematic and meaningful library/study skills program for Hawaii's schools. The guide is organized around basic elements of an instructional development model (IDM). Chapters cover…

  8. The Wired Professor: A Guide to Incorporating the World Wide Web in College Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keating, Anne B.; Hargitai, Joseph

    This book provides a guide to college faculty with limited Internet experience on how to incorporate the World Wide Web (WWW) into college curriculum and instruction. The book begins with an informal history of computing and a guide to the geography of the Internet, and goes on to provide an analytical framework for thinking about networks,…

  9. Designing LibGuides as Instructional Tools for Critical Thinking and Effective Online Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Ruth L.

    2014-01-01

    Did you ever wish for an easy-to-maintain tool to create course-level or assignment-level instruction for online or distance students? LibGuides can provide the solution! LibGuides provide a versatile and easy-to-maintain platform for delivering step-by-step, scaffolded tutorials that enhance learning outcomes through chunking, reduced strain on…

  10. Russia and the Other Former Soviet Republics in Transition. An Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankenship, Glen; Brown, Christopher; Johnson-White, Julia; Moffitt, Louisa; Papp, Daniel

    This instructional guide is intended to be used with the six-part videotape "Russia and the Other Former Soviet Republics in Transition." The guide comprises essays that provide critical background information needed to understand the issues and events under discussion, which are the new countries that have grown out of the former Soviet Union;…

  11. Instruction in Library Media Skills. Supplement to A Guide to School Library Media Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morante, Rosemary; And Others

    This guide, a supplement to the 1982 "Guide to School Library Media Programs," is intended to help library media specialists, teachers, curriculum specialists, and administrators improve instruction and school effectiveness by providing an organized approach to teaching information skills in particular content areas. It is divided into three…

  12. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide. Instructional Modules Level I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merklein, Robert, Ed.; And Others

    The 12 competency-based instructional units in Level I of the four-level Electricity/Electronics Curriculum series are designed to help the instructor in planning, organizing, and presenting introductory electricity/electronics materials. Nine-week and 18-week unit outlines are provided for grades 7 and 8. The instructional units are generally…

  13. Guide to Finding Appropriate Instructional Materials: Existing Retrieval Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Center for Program Development and Evaluation, Medford.

    To help classroom teachers select materials for handicapped students, information is presented on 10 commercial instructional materials retrieval systems. Suggested are considerations in selecting instructional materials. Publisher's address, implementation information, and a brief description are given for the 10 systems, including the Behavior…

  14. A Guide to Instructional Resources for Consumers' Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, William L.; Greenspan, Nancy B.

    This annotated bibliography lists 295 selected instructional references, resources, and teaching aids for consumer education. It includes a variety of both print and nonprint materials, such as films, filmstrips, multimedia kits, games and learning packages for classroom and group instruction, textbooks for all age levels, and references for both…

  15. Cognitive Preferences and Modes of Instruction in High School Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zvi, Ruth Ben; And Others

    1979-01-01

    The paper divides achievement in chemistry into five independent factors: cognitive, affective, problem solving, routine manipulative skills, and observational modes. The study explores the relationship between student performance in these areas and their responses to a Cognitive Preference Test in chemistry. (RE)

  16. Individualized Instruction--Where Are We? A Guide for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blake, Howard E.; McPherson, Ann W.

    1969-01-01

    This article discusses the nature of individualized instruction, focusing on its advantages and on current trends in the field. Emphasis is constantly placed on the teacher's responsibilities in the process. (LS)

  17. A Cognitive Strategy Instruction to Improve Math Calculation for Children with ADHD and LD: A Randomized Controlled Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iseman, Jackie S.; Naglieri, Jack A.

    2011-01-01

    The authors examined the effectiveness of cognitive strategy instruction based on PASS (Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive) given by special education teachers to students with ADHD randomly assigned by classroom. Students in the experimental group were exposed to a brief cognitive strategy instruction for 10 days, which was designed to…

  18. Instructional Coaches and the Instructional Leadership Team: A Guide for School-Building Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaulding, Dean T.; Smith, Gail

    2012-01-01

    For instructional coaches, no two days are ever the same. This unique companion melds theory and practice to show how coaches can seamlessly integrate themselves into the fabric of the school and help teachers improve their practice from day one. Dean Spaulding and Gail Smith address common challenges of coaches and instructional leadership teams,…

  19. Applying Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development to Mathematics Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ojose, Bobby

    2008-01-01

    This paper is based on a presentation given at National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) in 2005 in Anaheim, California. It explicates the developmental stages of the child as posited by Piaget. The author then ties each of the stages to developmentally appropriate mathematics instruction. The implications in terms of not imposing…

  20. Can Music Instruction Affect Children's Cognitive Development? ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rauscher, Frances H.

    Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Noting that these two sets of findings have been confused, leading to claims that listening to music can improve children's academic abilities, this…

  1. Map Skills Instruction and the Child's Developing Cognitive Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Judith M. W.

    1973-01-01

    A hierarchial sequence for map skills instruction is proposed and related to existing programs. Emphasis in this sequential structure is placed on gradual development of the student's ability to use grid reference systems and orient himself satisfactorily on maps, as well as the gradual acquisition of certain measurement abilities. (SM)

  2. Novex Analysis: A Cognitive Science Approach to Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, James C.

    1994-01-01

    Describes the Novice-Expert (Novex) Analysis, a nine-step approach to instructional design aimed at effecting the shift from novice to expert by creating a series of learning activities to enable novices to construct an expert knowledge base. The "Dimensions of Processing Model" diagram illustrates how learning processes influence memory.…

  3. Cognitive Research and the Design of Science Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champagne, Audrey B.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Physics learning studies demonstrate that students' pre-instructional world knowledge is often logically antagonistic to the principles of Newtonian mechanics taught in introductory physics courses. Under these conditions psychological theory predicts that learning will be inhibited, a prediction consistent with both the experiences of physics…

  4. Pre-Calculus Instructional Guide for Elementary Functions, Analytic Geometry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

    This is a guide for use in semester-long courses in Elementary Functions and Analytic Geometry. A list of entry-level skills and a list of approved textbooks is provided. Each of the 18 units consists of: (1) overview, suggestions for teachers, and suggested time; (2) list of objectives; (3) cross-references guide to approved textbooks; (4) sample…

  5. Duplication. Units of Instruction. Office Duplication Practices. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Theressa

    This teacher's guide is designed for use in helping secondary and postsecondary students in office occupations education programs to become familiar with duplication procedures and machines. Addressed in the individual units of the guide are the following topics: measurement, paper characteristics and classifications, copy preparation for pasteup…

  6. Social Science Instructional Guides: Middle School. (Grades 6-8).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Best, Karen; And Others

    The guide, part of a social science learning continuum from first through twelfth grades, contains outlines for two-semester social studies courses for grades 6, 7, and 8. The courses focus on the geographic setting, history, and cultures of the Americans and the need for inter-American cooperation. The guides for each course contain three…

  7. A Guide for Developing the Instructional Program in Agricultural Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Vocational Education and Rehabilitation, Springfield. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    This bulletin contains materials suggested for use by agricultural teachers in the improvement of their agricultural mechanics programs. In its function as a guide to planning a teaching program in agricultural mechanics the document outlines the principles and procedures in course planning, 12 guiding concepts in the teaching of agricultural…

  8. Relationships Between Cognitive Style and Instructional Treatment Among Prospective Elementary School Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Gerald Eugene

    The purpose was to determine if there existed an interaction of cognitive style with teaching method on achievement and retention of strategies acquired through two differential treatments. Forty-eight elementary education majors received instruction on the topics "Teaching Division of Rational Numbers in the Elementary School" in one of two ways:…

  9. Effects of Cueing by a Pedagogical Agent in an Instructional Animation: A Cognitive Load Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yung, Hsin I.; Paas, Fred

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of a pedagogical agent that cued relevant information in a story-based instructional animation on the cardiovascular system. Based on cognitive load theory, it was expected that the experimental condition with the pedagogical agent would facilitate students to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant…

  10. Does Cognitively Focused Instruction Improve the Academic Performance of Low-Achieving Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearns, Devin M.; Fuchs, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    Stakeholders are debating the value of cognitively focused instruction for students who have not benefited from a skills-based approach. Much of the discussion, however, is occurring without recognition of research that has been conducted in the past 2 decades. In this article, we reviewed the research. Electronic databases and hard copies of…

  11. The Role of Teacher Epistemic Cognition, Epistemic Beliefs, and Calibration in Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maggioni, Liliana; Parkinson, Meghan M.

    2008-01-01

    This review examines the literature on teacher epistemic cognition, epistemic beliefs, and calibration to consider the relation between these constructs and instruction that emerged from empirical studies. In considering how this body of literature can enhance understanding of how students become masters of their learning processes, we will…

  12. Improving Engineering Students' Cognitive and Affective Preparedness with a Pre-Instructional E-Learning Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chyung, Seung Youn; Moll, Amy; Marx, Brian; Frary, Megan; Callahan, Janet

    2010-01-01

    During the 2006-2007 academic year, five faculty members from the College of Engineering at Boise State University initiated a curriculum augmentation project using new instructional technologies with the intention to help improve undergraduate engineering students' cognitive and affective preparedness for their classroom learning. The…

  13. Applying Cognitive Linguistics to Instructed L2 Learning: The English Modals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Andrea; Mueller, Charles M.; Ho, Vu

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a quasi-experimental effects-of-instruction study examining the efficacy of applying a Cognitive Linguistic (CL) approach to L2 learning of the semantics of English modals. In spite of their frequency in typical input, modal verbs present L2 learners with difficulties, party due to their inherent…

  14. Mining Students' Learning Patterns and Performance in Web-Based Instruction: A Cognitive Style Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Sherry Y.; Liu, Xiaohui

    2011-01-01

    Personalization has been widely used in Web-based instruction (WBI). To deliver effective personalization, there is a need to understand different preferences of each student. Cognitive style has been identified as one of the most pertinent factors that affect students' learning preferences. Therefore, it is essential to investigate how learners…

  15. Effect of Three Instructional Strategies on Students' Attitudes and Cognitive Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaffer, Dennis R.; Purohit, Anal

    1975-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of different instructional strategies upon the attitudes and cognitive achievement of nursing students. The major conclusions were: (a) fewer students were manifesting philosophies supportive of independent study strategies, and (b) significant interaction between students' attitudes,…

  16. New Directions in Reading Instruction for Adolescents with Significant Cognitive Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Carly A.; Leko, Melinda M.; Wilkerson, Kimber L.

    2013-01-01

    This article reports findings from a literature review on literacy instruction for adolescents with significant cognitive disabilities. Nineteen empirical studies published between 1975 and 2011 were included in the review and analyzed based on characteristics of interventions. The results were examined to determine whether the state of research…

  17. How the Instructional and Learning Environments of Liberal Arts Colleges Enhance Cognitive Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pascarella, Ernest T.; Wang, Jui-Sheng; Trolian, Teniell L.; Blaich, Charles

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzes longitudinal data from 17 four-year institutions in the United States to determine how the distinctive instructional and learning environment of American liberal arts colleges accounts for the positive impact of liberal arts college attendance on four-year growth in critical thinking skills and need for cognition. We find that,…

  18. Instructional Benefits of Spoken Words: A Review of Cognitive Load Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalyuga, Slava

    2012-01-01

    Spoken words have always been an important component of traditional instruction. With the development of modern educational technology tools, spoken text more often replaces or supplements written or on-screen textual representations. However, there could be a cognitive load cost involved in this trend, as spoken words can have both benefits and…

  19. Differential Relations of Constructivist and Didactic Instruction to Students' Cognition, Motivation, and Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nie, Youyan; Lau, Shun

    2010-01-01

    This study examined how constructivist and didactic instruction was related to students' cognitive, motivational, and achievement outcomes in English classrooms, using a sample of 3000 Grade 9 students from 108 classrooms in 39 secondary schools in Singapore. Results of hierarchical linear modeling showed differential cross-level relations. After…

  20. Connecting Instructional and Cognitive Aspects of an LE: A Study of the Global Seminar Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savelyeva, Tamara

    2012-01-01

    My research problem is based on the lack of unifying conceptual cohesion between the discourses concerning cognitive and instructional aspects of learning environments (LE). I contrast that lack with practical developments of LE studies connected at the level of practical implementation and evaluation. Next, I briefly review the LE boundaries,…

  1. Cognitive Coaching: A Critical Phase in Professional Development to Implement Sheltered Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batt, Ellen G.

    2010-01-01

    This documentary account describes professional development for teachers in the USA serving culturally and linguistically diverse students. The purpose of the project was to monitor effectiveness of training in Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) and to assess the value of cognitive coaching. Quantitative and qualitative data sources…

  2. Applying Cognitive Theory to Chemistry Instruction: The Case for Worked Examples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crippen, Kent J.; Brooks, David W.

    2009-01-01

    The case for chemistry instruction based on worked examples is presented, using a contemporary model of human learning. We begin by detailing human cognitive architecture and outlining the Interactive Compensatory Model of Learning (ICML). Through the ICML, the role of motivation, deliberate practice and feedback are detailed as key variables in…

  3. Cognitive Effects of Chess Instruction on Students at Risk for Academic Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hong, Saahoon; Bart, William M.

    2007-01-01

    Cognitive effects of chess instruction on students at risk for academic failure was examined. Thirty-eight students, from three elementary schools, participated in this study. The experimental group received a ninety-minute chess lesson once per week over a three-month period; and the control group students regularly attended school activities…

  4. Mental Model Progression in Learning the Electron Transport Chain: Effects of Instructional Strategies and Cognitive Flexibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darabi, Aubteen; Hemphill, Jennifer; Nelson, David W.; Boulware, Wilma; Liang, Xinya

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of two instructional strategies, segmented and holistic, on the progression over time of learners' mental models toward that of an expert with the moderator of cognitive flexibility. Sixty-four juniors and seniors in a college metabolism course were randomly assigned to one of the two strategies for instruction…

  5. The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on the Mathematical Problem Solving of Adolescents with Spina Bifida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coughlin, Judy; Montague, Marjorie

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of three adolescents with spina bifida. Conditions of the multiple-baseline across-individuals design included baseline, two levels of treatment, posttesting, and maintenance. Treatment 1 focused on one-step math problems, and Treatment 2…

  6. Comparison of attitudes and cognitive achievement of nursing students in three instructional strategies.

    PubMed

    Moser, D H; Kondracki, M R

    1977-01-01

    This study is a comparison of the attitudes and the cognitive achievement of nursing students in three instructional strategies (the traditional lecture, black and white televised instruction, and independent color televised instruction via the Dial Access Information Retrieval System). Though only thirty-one percent (31%) of students indicated prior exposure to independent study methology, sixty percent (60%) identified a desire for active involvement in courses of study. The only significant finding regarding attitudes toward the three strategies was a preference for an greater interest in color videotapes than for black and white televised material. No significant differences in cognitive achievement were noted between any of the three strategies. Implications from the study for curriculum revision are discussed, stressing the probable value of maintaining traditional techniques concurrent with innovative methodological experimentation. PMID:64603

  7. Training the developing brain part II: cognitive considerations for youth instruction and feedback.

    PubMed

    Kushner, Adam M; Kiefer, Adam W; Lesnick, Samantha; Faigenbaum, Avery D; Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita; Myer, Gregory D

    2015-01-01

    Growing numbers of youth participating in competitive, organized physical activity have led to a concern for the risk of sports-related injuries during important periods of human development. Recent studies have demonstrated the ability of integrative neuromuscular training (INT) to enhance athletic performance and reduce the risk of sports-related injuries in youth. Successful implementation of INT necessitates instruction from knowledgeable and qualified instructors who understand the unique physical, cognitive, and psychosocial characteristics of the youth to provide appropriate training instruction and feedback. Principles of a classical theory of cognitive development provide a useful context for discussion of developmentally appropriate methods and strategies for INT instruction of youth. INT programs that consider these developmentally appropriate approaches will provide a controlled efficacious environment for youth to improve athletic performance and reduce risk of sports-related injury, thus promoting a healthy active lifestyle beyond an individual's formative years. PMID:25968858

  8. Training the Developing Brain Part II: Cognitive Considerations for Youth Instruction and Feedback

    PubMed Central

    Kushner, Adam M.; Kiefer, Adam W.; Lesnick, Samantha; Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita; Myer, Gregory D.

    2015-01-01

    Growing numbers of youth participating in competitive, organized physical activity has led to a concern for the risk of sports related injuries during important periods of human development. Recent studies have demonstrated the ability of Integrative Neuromuscular Training (INT) to enhance athletic performance and to reduce the risk of sports related injuries in youth. Successful implementation of INT necessitates instruction from knowledgeable and qualified instructors who understand the unique physical, cognitive and psychosocial characteristics of youth to provide appropriate training instruction and feedback. Principles of a classical theory of cognitive development provide a useful context for discussion of developmentally appropriate methods and strategies for INT instruction of youth. INT programs that consider these developmentally appropriate approaches will provide a controlled, efficacious environment for youth to improve athletic performance and to reduce risk of sports related injury; thus, promoting a healthy, active lifestyle beyond an individual’s formative years. PMID:25968858

  9. Cognition and Instruction: Reasoning about bias in sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watson, Jane; Kelly, Ben

    2005-02-01

    Although sampling has been mentioned as part of the chance and data component of the mathematics curriculum since about 1990, little research attention has been aimed specifically at school students' understanding of this descriptive area. This study considers the initial understanding of bias in sampling by 639 students in grades 3, 5, 7, and 9. Three hundred and forty-one of these students then undertook a series of lessons on chance and data with an emphasis on chance, data handling, sampling, and variation. A post-test was administered to 285 of these students and two years later all available students from the original group (328) were again tested. This study considers the initial level of understanding of students, the nature of the lessons undertaken at each grade level, the post-instruction performance of those who undertook lessons, and the longitudinal performance after two years of all available students. Overall instruction was associated with improved performance, which was retained over two years but there was little difference between those who had or had not experienced instruction. Results for specific grades, some of which went against the overall trend are discussed, as well as educational implications for the teaching of sampling across the years of schooling based on the classroom observations and the changes observed.

  10. Arithmetic Skills--Location and Direction, Plateau 2: Teachers Instructional Guide for Primary and Intermediate Special Education. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Opelika City Schools, AL.

    Presented is an arithmetic instructional guide for teaching location and direction concepts to elementary special education students. It is explained that the guide is intended to be used as a supplement to the basic curriculum guide (EC 061 294) prepared by the Opelika, Alabama public schools. Provided is information on using the guide, terms…

  11. What the Science of Cognition Tells Us about Instructional Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Michelle D.

    2009-01-01

    Research by cognitive psychologist Harry Bahrick and colleagues suggests that people typically forget course material at an exponential rate, with this rapid forgetting continuing for a period of several years before leveling off. Assuming that teachers want their students to leave college with not just the ability to think critically but also a…

  12. Biofunctional Cognitive Theory in Poetry Instruction: Lessons from Third Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gregg, Madeleine; Sekeres, Diane Carver

    2008-01-01

    Biofunctional cognitive theory describes learning as a dynamic cycle of reflection between the brain, which coordinates contributions from multiple biological sources, and the mind, which selects and organizes them into wholethemes. The children in the lead author's third-grade class participated in a study of how the theory supported learning in…

  13. Imagining Instructions: Mental Practice in Highly Cognitive Domains

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginns, Paul

    2005-01-01

    This article reviews recent empirical investigations of imagination or mental practice in highly cognitive, realistic educational domains such as mathematics or learning computer applications. While mental practice has been a standard tool in training schedules devised by sports psychologists for several decades, with its efficacy studied…

  14. A Planning Guide for Instructional Networks, Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daly, Kevin F.

    1994-01-01

    This second in a series of articles on planning for instructional computer networks focuses on site preparation, installation, service, and support. Highlights include an implementation schedule; classroom and computer lab layouts; electrical power needs; workstations; network cable; telephones; furniture; climate control; and security. (LRW)

  15. The Paraprofessional's Guide to Assisting Classroom Instruction. Video and Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Teri

    This videotape and accompanying workbook are intended to help paraprofessional school personnel learn necessary skills to assist in classroom instruction. The workbook provides supplementary information and each section includes suggested activities for putting knowledge and skills into practice and suggestions for reflection. Individual sections…

  16. Designing a Blended Course: Using ADDIE to Guide Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shibley, Ike; Amaral, Katie E.; Shank, John D.; Shibley, Lisa R.

    2011-01-01

    The ADDIE (analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation) model was applied to help redesign a General Chemistry course to improve student success in the course. A team of six professionals spent 18 months and over 1,000 man-hours in the redesign. The resultant course is a blend of online and face-to-face instruction that utilizes…

  17. Implementing Anchored Instruction: Guiding Principles for Curriculum Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLarty, Kim; And Others

    A curriculum based on "anchored instruction" was developed to enhance students' literacy development and acquisition of knowledge. The curriculum was designed to create a rich, shared environment that generates interest and enables students to identify and define problems while they explore the content from many perspectives. Based on what is…

  18. Culturally Proficient Instruction: A Guide for People Who Teach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robins, Kikanza Nuri; Lindsey, Randall B.; Lindsey, Delores B.; Terrell, Raymond D.

    Cultural proficiency is the self awareness to recognize how a person--because of ethnicity and life experiences--may offend others and may yet offer others something unique and special. This book expands on that theme and addresses educators at all levels, offering an invitation to reflect on the practice and craft of instruction. The book's case…

  19. Resisting Technological Gravity: Using Guiding Principles for Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Jason K.

    2010-01-01

    Instructional designers face tremendous pressure to abandon the essential characteristics of educational approaches, and settle instead for routine practices that do not preserve the level of quality those approaches originally expressed. Because this pressure can be strong enough to affect designers almost as gravity affects objects in the…

  20. Human cognitive ecology: an instructive framework for comparative primatology.

    PubMed

    Keller, Janet Dixon

    2004-03-01

    In this review, research on human cognitive ecology is compared with studies of the cognitive ecologies of apes-especially the common chimpanzee. The objective was to assess the feasibility of extending an activity-theory framework developed in studies of humans to an integrated approach for studying the cognitive accomplishments and skills of other primates living in the wild. Six generalizations were abstracted from studies of humans: 1) Social and material environments are arranged to facilitate production. 2) Human activity is shaped by conceptual and cultural principles that provide underlying logic for working knowledge and practice. 3) Schemata (multimodal, mental representations of procedures, strategies, and techniques) govern performance in a domain. 4) Working knowledge, skills, and social identities are co-constructed in communities of practice. 5) Rehearsal improves skilled performances, from which reputations as well as material products are derived. 6) Planning and emergence are in productive tension in human practices. These generalizations are applied to findings in the literature regarding the behavior of chimpanzees and other apes in the wild to assess the potential utility of a situated-activity approach for comparative studies of primate cognition. It is argued in the Discussion that schemata constitute a common core of higher primate intelligence. Planning, emergence, and alterations of the environment to facilitate production further characterize human and chimpanzee or gorilla behaviors to varying degrees. Less apparent in the nonhuman-primate literature is evidence of governing principles, rehearsal, and skill-based reputations or identities entailing theories of mind. Nonetheless, recent observations in the wild suggest that further research is warranted to explore the rudiments of each of these components to enhance our understanding of the ecology of primate cognition and its evolutionary history. PMID:15027094

  1. Cognitive Theories, Prior Knowledge, and Anchored Instruction on Mathematical Problem Solving and Transfer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serafino, Kathleen; Cicchelli, Terry

    2003-01-01

    Tested the effects of prior knowledge and two instructional models--structured problem solving and guided generation (GG)--on mathematical problem solving and transfer to an analogous task. Data on students with high and low prior knowledge highlighted significant main effects for prior knowledge, significant differences on transfer to analogous…

  2. A Guide to Proficiency-Based Instruction in Latin for Indiana Schools. Latin Competencies, Levels I-IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartz, Walter H., Ed.; Strasheim, Lorraine, Ed.

    This curriculum guide for Indiana's Latin education programs is intended as a model for the integration of communicative, cultural, and linguistic learning in Latin curricula and instruction and an aid in designing proficiency-based curricula and instruction. It establishes the proficiency expected at the end of each of four instructional levels…

  3. The Effect of Guided Inquiry-Based Instruction on Middle School Students' Understanding of Lunar Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.; Sackes, Mesut

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of non-traditional guided inquiry instruction on middle school students' conceptual understandings of lunar concepts. Multiple data sources were used to describe participants' conceptions of lunar phases and their cause, including drawings, interviews, and a lunar shapes card sort. The data were analyzed via a…

  4. Cover to Cover: A Guide to Foreign Language Programs, Instruction and Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

    The guide is intended as a resource for North Carolina teachers and administrators concerning second language education. Part 1 offers a rationale for second language education, and provides specific reasons for studying French, German, Latin, Spanish, and uncommonly taught languages. Part 2 describes instructional program models for elementary…

  5. Adult ESL Instruction: A Challenge and a Pleasure. An Orientation Guide for Adult ESL Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guglielmino, Lucy M.; Burrichter, Arthur W.

    This guide, written in narrative format by several adult English as a second language (ESL) experts, presents an overview of ESL instruction. The manual is organized in six sections. The first section, an introduction to ESL, contains definitions, describes adult ESL students, and provides tips for new ESL teachers. The second section sketches a…

  6. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Welding. Final Document. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, William Edward, Jr.

    Developed during a project designed to provide continuous, performance-based vocational training at the secondary and postsecondary levels, this instructional guide is intended to help teachers implement a laterally and vertically articulated secondary level welding program. Introductory materials include descriptions of Welding I and II,…

  7. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Automotive Mechanics. Final Document. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, William Edward, Jr.

    Developed during a project designed to provide continuous, performance-based vocational training at the secondary and postsecondary levels, this instructional guide is intended to help teachers implement a laterally and vertically articulated secondary level automotive mechanics program. Introductory materials include descriptions of Automotive…

  8. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Machine Shop Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, William Edward, Jr., Ed.

    This articulation guide contains 21 units of instruction for two years of machine shop. The objectives of the program are to provide the student with the basic terminology and fundamental knowledge and skills in machining (year 1) and to teach him/her to set up and operate machine tools and make or repair metal parts, tools, and machines (year 2).…

  9. How to Assess Needs for Community Instructional Services: A Guide for Adult Education Practitioners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aker, George F.; Kemerer, Richard W.

    This guide is intended to assist in identifying the nature and extent of learning needs within the community and determining program priorities consistent with those needs. It is designed specifically for developing Community Instructional Services, a Florida program that addresses the in-life learning needs of adult citizens that are…

  10. The Social Competence Curriculum Project: A Guide to Instructional Programming for Social and Communicative Interactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Charles A.; And Others

    The curriculum guide consists of a set of assessment tools, curriculum decision guidelines, instructional recommendations, and sample activities focused on teaching basic social and communication skills to children with autism and severe developmental handicaps. Section One provides an introductory discussion of issues related to effective…

  11. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objective Guide for Food Service/Food Service Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, William Edward, Jr.

    Developed during a project designed to provide continuous, performance-based vocational training at the secondary and postsecondary levels, this instructional guide is intended to help teachers implement a laterally and vertically articulated secondary level food service and food service management program. Introductory materials include…

  12. Using a Combined Approach of Guided Inquiry & Direct Instruction to Explore How Physiology Affects Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machtinger, Erika T.

    2014-01-01

    Hands-on activities with live organisms allow students to actively explore scientific investigation. Here, I present activities that combine guided inquiry with direct instruction and relate how nutrition affects the physiology and behavior of the common housefly. These experiments encourage student involvement in the formulation of experimental…

  13. The Effects of Guided Inquiry Instruction on Student Achievement in High School Biology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vass, Laszlo

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative, quasi-experimental study was to measure the effect of a student-centered instructional method called guided inquiry on the achievement of students in a unit of study in high school biology. The study used a non-random sample of 109 students, the control group of 55 students enrolled in high school one, received…

  14. Does a Repeated Guided-Instruction Approach with Multiple Assessments Increase Student Learning of Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert; Peethambaran, Bela; Pontiggia, Laura; Blumberg, Phyllis

    2013-01-01

    Guided instruction is an approach that fully explains the concepts and procedures that students are required to learn. It seems intuitive that this approach should increase student learning; however, there is evidence in the literature that this may not always be the case. We wanted to assess the effectiveness of our own repeated…

  15. What On Earth? Teacher's Guide. An Instructional Television Series for Eighth-Grade Earth Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyer, Fred L.

    This publication is intended to serve as a teacher's guide for the instructional television series entitled "What On Earth?" The program, a one-year course for eighth-grade students, is composed of units on the earth as a body in space, meteorology, oceanography, and geology. Each topic is covered through a series of television programs. In the…

  16. INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDE FOR THE TEACHING OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION. PRIMARY THROUGH SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BROCKMEYER, W.

    AN INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDE FOR THE TEACHING OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION, EMPHASIZING EDUCATION BY EXPERIENCE IN ACTIVITY, WAS PRESENTED. THE GOALS WERE TO DEVELOP GOOD HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS, GOOD SELF-REALIZATION, CIVIC RESPONSIBILITY, AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY. THE PROGRAM FOR BOYS, GRADES SEVEN THROUGH NINE, INCLUDED CALISTHENICS APPARATUS (SUCH AS…

  17. Instructional Television Facilities: A Guide for School Administrators and Board Members. PREP-1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oberholtzer, Kenneth E.

    The purpose of this Guide, for school administrators and board members, is to provide newcomers in television with an understanding of Instructional Television (ITV) facilities for school and school systems. The discussions herein provide the reader with information and direction to enable him to select the best facilities for his purposes. For…

  18. Agricultural Science and Mechanics I and II. An Instructional Guide for Agricultural Education. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Agricultural Education Program.

    This instructional guide contains guidelines and course outlines for a two- and three-year course in agricultural science and mechanics for students in grades 8, 9, and 10. Provided in the first 4 sections are course outlines for Agricultural Science and Mechanics I and II and references for use in each course. Each course outline contains an…

  19. Colorado State Plan for the Developmentally Disabled: Master Planning Guide for Instructional Objectives. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shibata, Paul

    A product of joint effort between the Colorado Department of Institutions and the Division of Developmental Disabilities, the guide presents hierarchically arranged instructional objectives to determine goals for developmentally disabled persons. The most advanced skills are listed first with basic skills following for four major categories:…

  20. 78 FR 35321 - Solicitation for a Cooperative Agreement-IBM Instructional Guide and Assessment Tool Development

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... Assessment Tool Development AGENCY: National Institute of Corrections, U.S. Department of Justice. ACTION... development of an instructional guide and assessment tool(s) that will help jail practitioners improve...

  1. Vocational Curriculum Resources for Handicapped Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangano, R. Michael; And Others

    This guide to vocational curriculum resources for handicapped students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: agriculture, auto body repair, automobile mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, career education, carpentry, cosmetology, custodial and maintenance, data…

  2. Using the DSAP Framework to Guide Instructional Design and Technology Integration in BYOD Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasko, Christopher W.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the suitability of the DSAP Framework to guide instructional design and technology integration for teachers piloting a BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) initiative and to measure the impact the initiative had on the amount and type of technology used in pilot classrooms. Quantitative and qualitative data were…

  3. A Guide to Swimming Instruction for Developmentally Disabled Children. Report Number 8168.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noble, Susan

    The swimming instruction guide presents teaching techniques and skill progressions for developmentally disabled individuals and includes program development and administrative guidelines. Part 1 discusses swimming and developmentally disabled children, program planning and preparation elements (including pool, scheduling, staff, parents,…

  4. A Guide to Instruction in the Shooting Sports-Rifles; Air Rifles; Shotguns; Pistols; Hunter Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niemeyer, Roy K.; And Others

    Prepared for instruction in the use of rifles, air guns, shotguns, pistols, and hunter safety, this guide supplements other materials which are available from the National Rifle Association of America, the National Shooting Sports Foundation, the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, industry, and other sources. The…

  5. Equal Opportunities in Education: Instruction and Employment. A Suggested Policy Guide for School Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

    This publication is intended to provide valuable suggestions to local school officials to help them develop and adopt policies and procedures designed to assure equal opportunities in education without discrimination. The guide deals both with concerns related to instructional and extracurricular school programs and issues related to employment…

  6. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Building Construction/Carpentry. Final Document. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, William Edward, Jr.

    Developed during a project designed to provide continuous, performance-based vocational training at the secondary and postsecondary levels, this instructional guide is intended to help teachers implement a laterally and vertically articulated secondary level building construction/carpentry program. Introductory materials include descriptions of…

  7. Explicit Instructions Increase Cognitive Costs of Deception in Predictable Social Context

    PubMed Central

    Falkiewicz, Marcel; Sarzyńska, Justyna; Babula, Justyna; Szatkowska, Iwona; Grabowska, Anna; Nęcka, Edward

    2015-01-01

    Convincing participants to deceive remains one of the biggest and most important challenges of laboratory-based deception research. The simplest and most prevalent method involves explicitly instructing participants to lie or tell the truth before presenting each task item. The usual finding of such experiments is increased cognitive load associated with deceptive responses, explained by necessity to inhibit default and automatic honest responses. However, explicit instructions are usually coupled with the absence of social context in the experimental task. Context plays a key role in social cognition by activating prior knowledge, which facilitates behaviors consistent with the latter. We hypothesized that in the presence of social context, both honest and deceptive responses can be produced on the basis of prior knowledge, without reliance on truth and without additional cognitive load during deceptive responses. In order to test the hypothesis, we have developed Speed-Dating Task (SDT), which is based on a real-life social event. In SDT, participants respond both honestly and deceptively to questions in order to appear similar to each of the dates. The dates are predictable and represent well-known categories (i.e., atheist or conservative). In one condition participants rely on explicit instructions preceding each question (external cue). In the second condition no explicit instructions are present, so the participants need to adapt based on prior knowledge about the category the dates belong to (internal cue). With internal cues, reaction times (RTs) are similar for both honest and deceptive responses. However, in the presence of external cues (EC), RTs are longer for deceptive than honest responses, suggesting that deceptive responses are associated with increased cognitive load. Compared to internal cues, deception costs were higher when EC were present. However, the effect was limited to the first part of the experiment, only partially confirming our

  8. Guided Instruction: How to Develop Confident and Successful Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    In this book, the authors explain why telling students things over and over--and perhaps more slowly and more loudly--does not result in understanding. Instead, discover how to use a combination of questions, prompts, cues, direct explanations, and modeling to guide students' learning and build their understanding. Explore an approach to…

  9. Instructional Telecommunications: A Resource and Planning Guide. Bulletin No. 95171.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Gordon P.

    The educational uses of familiar technologies such as telephones, computers, television sets, videocassette recorders, and radios as well as more sophisticated technologies like satellites, microwave television, and fiber optic systems are discussed. This guide explains how these telecommunication technologies operate, explores the possibilities…

  10. Auto Collision Technician: An Instructional Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This guide is designed to help teachers in auto collision technician programs for grades 11 and 12 teach the critical competencies of the program. The critical competencies covered are the High Priority-Individual (HP-I) competencies in Ohio's Occupational Competency Assessment Profile (OCAP) for Auto Collision Technician. HP-I competencies are…