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1

A Cognitive Reading Guide: Equalizing Instruction for "Where the Red Fern Grows."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a cognitive reading guide for the first four chapters of the novel, "Where the Red Fern Grows" (Rawls, 1961), that incorporates teacher-directed whole-class instruction with a student reading guide to equalize instruction for various levels of learners. Ideas for whole-class instruction are contained within the lesson plans. (CR)

Giannuzzi, Michelle L.; Hudson, Floyd

1998-01-01

2

Cognitive Task Analysis for Instruction in Single-Injection Ultrasound Guided-Regional Anesthesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive task analysis (CTA) is methodology for eliciting knowledge from subject matter experts. CTA has been used to capture the cognitive processes, decision-making, and judgments that underlie expert behaviors. A review of the literature revealed that CTA has not yet been used to capture the knowledge required to perform ultrasound guided

Gucev, Gligor V.

2012-01-01

3

Instructional Guide for MSU Faculty  

E-print Network

Instructional Guide for University Faculty Edited by Liz Banset Original page design and assembly by DarciaInstructional Guide for MSU Faculty 3rd Revised Edition (2011) Published with the generous support State University Instructional Guide for MSU Faculty was developed with the goal of helping faculty

Dyer, Bill

4

Supervision: A Guide to Instructional Leadership-2nd Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first edition of this book, titled "A Design for Instructional Supervision", provided a structural framework for an effective program of instructional supervision. The basic cognitive thrust of this second edition, "Supervision: A Guide to Instructional Leadership", remains the same as the first. What has changed is the attention to the…

Burke, Peter J.; Krey, Robert D.

2005-01-01

5

An Instructional Guide for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is an instructional guide for parents of severely and profoundly retarded and multiply handicapped children. Developed by 20 graduate students during a summer institute at Duquesne University, the guide suggests activities in communication, self-help and physical development. An introduction provides a definition of the severely involved…

Carambio, Lisa; And Others

6

Instructional Guide for Autobody Repair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide was developed to serve as a statewide model for Virginia auto body repair programs. The guide is designed to 1,080 hours of instruction in eleven blocks: orientation, introduction, welding and cutting, techniques of shaping metal, body filler and fiberglass repairs, body and frame, removing and replacing damaged parts, basic…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

7

How cognitive theory guides neuroscience.  

PubMed

The field of cognitive science studies latent, unobservable cognitive processes that generate observable behaviors. Similarly, cognitive neuroscience attempts to link latent cognitive processes with the neural mechanisms that generate them. Although neural processes are partially observable (with imaging and electrophysiology), it would be a mistake to 'skip' the cognitive level and pursue a purely neuroscientific enterprise to studying behavior. In fact, virtually all of the major advances in understanding the neural basis of behavior over the last century have relied fundamentally on principles of cognition for guiding the appropriate measurements, manipulations, tasks, and interpretations. We provide several examples from the domains of episodic memory, working memory and cognitive control, and decision making in which cognitive theorizing and prior experimentation has been essential in guiding neuroscientific investigations and discoveries. PMID:25496988

Frank, Michael J; Badre, David

2015-02-01

8

Modified Cognitive Strategy Instruction: An Expository Writing Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, modified cognitive strategy instruction in writing (CSIW), a cognitive strategy instructional model is described. Modified CSIW was designed based on two effective instructional models: cognitive strategy instruction in writing (CSIW) and self-regulated strategy development (SRSD). Modified CSIW provides tailored instruction to…

Guzel-Ozmen, Ruya

2009-01-01

9

Setting Up Your User Profile Instruction Guide  

E-print Network

Setting Up Your User Profile Instruction Guide Updated July 8, 2014 © Office of Human Resource next to Default if you would like the system to auto populate the Ship To section of the requisition Instruction Guide Updated July 8, 2014 © Office of Human Resource Services, University of Florida, Gainesville

Block, Louis

10

Instruction Guide Training and Organizational Development -  

E-print Network

Instruction Guide © Training and Organizational Development - Office of Human Resource Services avoid overpayments that might result after the personal leave days are auto-populated in the system. Non BELOW) #12;Instruction Guide © Training and Organizational Development - Office of Human Resource

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

11

Children's Mathematics: Cognitively Guided Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, with accompanying CD-ROMs, was written to help readers understand children's intuitive mathematical thinking and use that knowledge to help children learn mathematics with understanding. Based on more than twenty years of research, this book portrays the development of children's understanding of basic number concepts. Detailed…

Carpenter, Thomas P.; Fennema, Elizabeth; Franke, Megan Loef; Levi, Linda; Empson, Susan B.

12

Optimizing Cognitive Rehabilitation: Effective Instructional Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rehabilitation professionals face a key challenge when working with clients with acquired cognitive impairments: how to teach new skills to individuals who have difficulty learning. Unique in its focus, this book presents evidence-based instructional methods specifically designed to help this population learn more efficiently. The expert authors…

Sohlberg, McKay Moore; Turkstra, Lyn S.

2011-01-01

13

Cognitive Load Theory and Music Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two experiments, the principles of cognitive load theory were applied to the design of alternatives to conventional music instruction hypothesised to facilitate learning. Experiment 1 demonstrated that spatial integration of visual text and musical notation, and dual-modal delivery of auditory text and musical notation, were superior to the…

Owens, Paul; Sweller, John

2008-01-01

14

A Cognitive Approach for Instructional Media Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of instructional media research is marked by an emphasis on the use of the terminal performance to measure learning. Little attention has been paid to the processes of learning. However, some studies have identified cognitive strategies used in solving problems of concept identification. The task now is to find out the relationship of…

Huang, Che-Tsao

15

Cognitive Style and Subliminal Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested several hypotheses about the effects of the cognitive style of students on their ability to learn a subliminal task while viewing a non-related film. Subjects were 132 undergraduate students who were divided into three groups: field dependent, neutral, and field independent. The task to be taught subliminally was the assembly in…

Moore, David M.

16

Instructional Guide for Vocational Power Mechanics. V & TECC Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This trade and industrial curriculum guide for power mechanics is designed for vocational power mechanics programs that provide 960 hours of instruction. The introductory section provides a statement of philosophy, block time schedule, and the objectives for power mechanics. Following the introductory section, fourteen blocks of instruction are…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

17

INSTRUCTION MANUAL USER SYSTEM GUIDE  

E-print Network

INFRARED SPECTROPHOTOMETER 206-94965E Read this instruction manual thoroughly before operation. Store transform infrared spectrophotometer, is used for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Strictly observe. Product name Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer Model name IRPrestige-21 Manufacturer SHIMADZU

Rubloff, Gary W.

18

A Resource Guide for Iowa History Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document describes a thesis project which focused on the development of a teacher resource guide as an aid in high school instruction of Iowa history. The objective was to increase students' awareness of Iowa through an examination of the state's current and past development. The project is presented in five chapters. Chapter I states the…

McKee, Craig W.

19

A Consumers Guide to Instructional Scientific Equipment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to test the feasibility of a consumers' information exchange for the users and purchasers of laboratory and other instructional equipment in undergraduate science education. Through the use of this guide it may be possible for the prospective purchaser to learn of and contact faculty at other colleges and universities who are…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Office of Experimental Projects and Programs.

20

Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Career Investigation. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide on career opportunities contains 17 units on the following topics: locating information about occupations; introduction to the occupational clusters; agribusiness and natural resources; business and office; communications and media; construction; consumer and homemaking; environment; fine arts and humanities; health;…

Hendrix, Mary; Cegiel, Linda

21

Teaching Shorthand and Transcription. An Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written as a reference for teachers of shorthand and transcription, this instructional guide is organized into three sections. The first section discusses the administration of the stenographic program and focuses on the needs, objectives, and organization of the program. Characteristics of occupational preparation programs are also noted. Section…

Shell, Walter L.

22

Health Concepts, Guides for Health Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concepts and supporting data pertaining to major health problems facing youth today as well as those anticipated in the next decade are enumerated in this resource. The material is designed as a reference for curriculum planners and classroom teachers in developing curriculum and teaching guides, units and instruction, and other curriculum…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

23

Idaho Driver Education Instructional Guide. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This driver education instructional safety guide is organized in three sections: Driver Education; Motorcycle Education; and Driver Education for the Handicapped. The driver education section contains 10 units dealing with the following topics: parent orientation; student orientation; basic control skills; driver performance; driving regulations;…

Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise.

24

Instruction Guide Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

Instruction Guide © Training and Organizational Development Office of Human Resource Services Office of Human Resource Services University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 Updated: January 17, 2012 be auto-approved by the next day. Figure 2: Period Effort Reduced, Average Commitment % Reduced 14. Click

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

25

Setting Up Your User Profile Instruction Guide  

E-print Network

Setting Up Your User Profile Instruction Guide Updated February 11, 2014 © Office of Human Resource if you would like the system to auto populate the Ship To section of the requisition each time 11, 2014 © Office of Human Resource Services, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 Page 2

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

26

Instruction Guide Paying Vendors: Using an Unencumbered  

E-print Network

Instruction Guide Paying Vendors: Using an Unencumbered Voucher Updated February 8, 2012 Page 1 Association · Navigate to and create a voucher and enter: o Vendor o Invoice Number and Invoice Date o Total would come from your invoice: · Vendor ID · Invoice Number · Invoice Date · Gross Invoice Amount 2

Watson, Craig A.

27

Instruction Guide Searching for Commodity Codes  

E-print Network

will appear: Search Tips 1. Enter a broad term in the Description contains... field such as "conferences" or "maintenance". a. For example, instead of "pencils", enter "supplies" and click the Search button. bInstruction Guide Searching for Commodity Codes Updated February 17, 2014 © Office of Human

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

28

Cognitive strategy instruction in mathematics for students with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

This article provides a context for understanding and using cognitive strategy instruction to improve students' performance in mathematics. The theoretical and research base for strategy instruction is reviewed, and characteristics of students who have difficulties in mathematics are discussed from a developmental perspective. Then, a practical illustration of cognitive strategy instruction used to assess the teach mathematical problem solving to middle school students with learning disabilities is presented. PMID:9066277

Montague, M

1997-01-01

29

Narrative Structure, Myth, and Cognition for Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the use of narrative and myth to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of instructional design. The central aim is to better connect instructional experiences with cognition. Explicitly stated, this writing proposes a structure for the interaction between the new technologies of contemporary education and the culturally…

Hokanson, Brad; Fraher, Robert

2008-01-01

30

Cognitive research and the design of science instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utilization of cognitive psychological theory and findings from research to inform the design of instruction is illustrated in this paper. Physics learning studies demonstrate that students' pre?instructional world knowledge is often logically antagonistic to the principles of Newtonian mechanics taught in introductory physics. Under these conditions psychological theory predicts that learning will be inhibited, a prediction consistent with both

Audrey B. Champagne; Leopold E. Klopfer; Richard F. Gunstone

1982-01-01

31

An Instructional Strategy Planning Model to Improve Learning and Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents model of instructional strategy planning that links specific cognitive learning and thinking processes with specific computer-based instructional strategies. Topics discussed include memory systems; types of knowledge; drill and practice; tutorials; task-oriented simulations; problem-oriented simulations; and self directed experiences.…

Tennyson, Robert D.

1988-01-01

32

Instructional Design for the Improvement of Learning and Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a basic instructional design model that focuses on the planning of a learning environment so that students not only acquire factual knowledge, but also improve their cognitive abilities to use and extend their knowledge. The model describes the direct relationships between learning time, cognitive objectives, memory system…

Tennyson, Robert D.; Rasch, Mariana

33

Fundamentals of Art, Grades 9-12. Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide is written for junior/senior high school art teachers as an aid to teaching an elective visual arts course. The guide consists of 10 units, each with instructional objectives further defined through suggested performance objectives. Some performance objectives provide specific student activities to assist teacher planning.…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

34

Language Arts: Grade 7. Secondary Education Instructional Resource Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Produced in response to a school board's directive to develop a plan for implementing a standardized curriculum in the basic subjects on a district-wide basis, this guide contains instructional objectives for the area of seventh grade language arts. Included in the guide are (1) an instructional objectives checklist providing all objectives and…

Meehan, Anna, Comp.

35

Web-Based Instruction: A Guide for Libraries, Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expanding on the popular, practical how-to guide for public, academic, school, and special libraries, technology expert Susan Sharpless Smith offers library instructors the confidence to take Web-based instruction into their own hands. Smith has thoroughly updated "Web-Based Instruction: A Guide for Libraries" to include new tools and trends,…

Smith, Susan Sharpless

2010-01-01

36

Using "Instructional Routines" to Differentiate Instruction: A Guide for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differentiated instruction means matching instruction to meet the different needs of learners. To deliver the wide range of instruction required to accommodate differing levels of learners in a classroom, teachers must use data-informed, small group instruction designed specifically to meet students' needs (Kosanovich, Ladinsky, Nelson, Torgesen,…

Kosanovich, Marcia

2012-01-01

37

From behaviourism to cognitive behaviourism to cognitive development: Steps in the evolution of instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent history of instructional technology is traced, starting with the work of Skinner, moving on to the task analytic approach of Gagné, and following through to contemporary efforts associated with the “cognitive revolution.” It is suggested that an understanding of the process of cognitive development may enable us to build on and improve earlier approaches, by adapting them more

Robbie Case; Carl Bereiter

1984-01-01

38

Multimedia and Cognition: Examining the Effect of Applying Cognitive Principles to the Design of Instructional Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The human cognitive system possesses a finite processing capacity, which is split into channels for various modalities, and learning can be inhibited if any of the cognitive channels is overloaded. However, although the amount of e-learning materials is increasing steadily, the design of instructional material has been largely based on intuition…

Thompson, Nik; McGill, Tanya Jane

2008-01-01

39

Intravenous Therapy Instruction for Licensed Practical Nurses. Instructor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Idaho instructor's guide lists tasks and enabling objectives, outlines instruction, and provides handout masters, overhead masters, and tests for intravenous therapy (IV) instruction for licensed practical nurses. Following an introduction and a list of criteria for successful completion of IV therapy courses, the document lists tasks and…

Springer, Pam; Carey, Jean

40

How Do You Spell...? A Teacher's Guide to Spelling Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that just as some children learn to read with little instructional assistance, some will learn to spell accurately with little or no help from their teachers, this teacher's guide presents activities and suggestions that serve as a resource for instructional planning rather than a recipe to be followed in precisely measured steps. After an…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

41

Composition Instruction and Cognitive Performance: Results of a Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a composition program, Composers in Public Schools (CiPS), on cognitive skills essential for academic success. The underlying hypothesis is that composition instruction will promote creative expression and increase performance on music-specific skills such as music reading, as well as foster…

Bugos, Jennifer; Jacobs, Edward

2012-01-01

42

A Cognitive Approach to Instructional Design for Multimedia Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aimed at both newcomers to online learning as well as experienced multimedia developers, this paper addresses the issue of how to avoid unproductive multimedia instructional practices and employ more effective cognitive strategies. Baddeley's model of working memory and Paivio's dual coding theory suggest that humans process information through dual channels, one auditory and the other visual. This, combined with Sweller's

Stephen D. Sorden

2005-01-01

43

Cognitive Styles and Instructional Design in University Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in conceptualization and measurement of the verbalizer-visualizer dimension led us to re-examine the hypothesis that students learn best when instructional material matches their cognitive style. First-year psychology university students (n = 41) studied information on three personality theories presented in text only, text+picture, or…

Thomas, Patrick R.; McKay, Jacinta B.

2010-01-01

44

English I: Grade 9. Secondary Education Instructional Resource Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Produced in response to a school board's directive to develop a plan for implementing a standardized curriculum in the basic subjects on a district-wide basis, this guide contains instructional objectives for the area of ninth grade English. Included in the guide are (1) an overview of objectives for eighth, ninth, and tenth grade English; (2) an…

Meehan, Anna, Comp.

45

Language Arts Curriculum K-12 and Guide to Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this language arts curriculum guide for grades kindergarten through twelve is to present the approved curriculum that serves as the basic core of all language arts instruction. The guide components--reading, writing, speaking, listening, and thinking--can be treated as individual disciplines, each with its own body of knowledge and…

Rahway Public Schools, NJ.

46

Instructional Design and Directed Cognitive Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that the information processing model provides a promising basis on which to build a comprehensive theory of instruction. Characteristics of the major information processing constructs are outlined including attention, encoding and rehearsal, working memory, long term memory, retrieval, and metacognitive processes, and a unifying…

Bovy, Ruth Colvin

47

Cognitive Apprenticeship and Instructional Technology. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In earlier times, practically everything was taught by apprenticeships. Schools are a recent invention that use many fewer teaching resources, but the computer enables us to go back to the resource-intensive mode of education, in a form called cognitive apprenticeship. This involves the use of modeling, coaching, reflecting on performance, and…

Collins, Allan

48

A Short Guide to Instructional Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide a concise description of traditional instructional techniques, as well as more recent technology-based techniques, this 11-part guidebook includes the following sections: (1) "The Value of Planning"; (2) "Aids to Effective Instruction," reviewing the reasons for employing learning objectives, Bloom's taxonomy of objectives for…

Rubadeau, Duane O.; And Others

49

Reading Instruction Affects the Cognitive Skills Supporting Early Reading Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the cognitive skills associated with early reading development when children were taught by different types of instruction. Seventy-nine children (mean age at pre-test 4;10 (0.22 S.D.) and post-test 5;03 (0.21 S.D.)) were taught to read either by an eclectic approach which included sight-word learning, guessing from context and…

McGeown, Sarah P.; Johnston, Rhona S.; Medford, Emma

2012-01-01

50

The Instructional Effects of Diagrams and Time-Compressed Instruction on Student Achievement and Learners' Perceptions of Cognitive Load  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of visual representations and time-compressed instruction on learning and learners' perceptions of cognitive load. Time-compressed instruction refers to instruction that has been increased in speed without sacrificing quality. It was anticipated that learners would be able to gain a conceptual…

Pastore, Raymond S.

2009-01-01

51

Designing instructional examples to reduce intrinsic cognitive load 1 Gerjets, P., Scheiter,  

E-print Network

Designing instructional examples to reduce intrinsic cognitive load 1 Gerjets, P., Scheiter, K. & Catrambone, R. (2004). Designing Instructional Examples to Reduce Intrinsic Cognitive Load: Molar versus is available at http://www.springerlink.com/content/jl14q60710wn5088/ Running head: DESIGNING INSTRUCTIONAL

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

A Short Guide to the Writing of Instructional Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist community college instructors in the development of objectives for a course or program, this guidebook applies Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy to the process of writing objectives. First, a short preface underscores the importance of instructional objectives in the design and delivery of education. Next, part I provides a pre-test on…

Rubadeau, Duane O.; Garrett, Bill

53

Nutrition and Food Science. Teacher's Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching, guide for a high school nutrition and food science course, includes introductory information about the course, course design, facilities and equipment, Future Homemakers of America, and use of the guide. The course addresses nutrition and food science from the perspective of food habits and wellness; menu planning; special dietary…

Hays, Tricia

54

The effects of guided inquiry instruction incorporating a cooperative learning approach on university students' achievement of acid and bases concepts and attitude toward guided inquiry instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of guided inquiry instruction incorporating with cooperative learning environment on University students' achievement of acid and bases concepts and attitude toward guided inquiry instruction. The subject of this study consisted of 55 first year University students from two intact classes of a Chemistry Course instructed by the same teacher. One

Ibrahim Bilgin

55

Instructional Television Facilities: A Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When planning an instructional television (ITV) system, it is suggested that educational objectives should outweigh technological considerations and that expert advice be secured before the planning process is far advanced. In line with the latter suggestion, the book offers a background of technical knowledge aimed at educational administrators…

Witherspoon, John P.; Kessler, William J.

56

The Instructional Guide for Abbott Skills Enhancement Classes. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, which integrates adult basic education (ABE) curriculum, job skills for Abbott Laboratories, and work-related foundation skills, is designed for an instructional program in the skill areas of reading, writing, oral communications, mathematics, and problem solving. In addition to creating a uniform process and product to promote…

Ballinger, Ronda; Gee, Mary Kay

57

Masonry. Teacher's Guide. Building Maintenance Units of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide on masonry building maintenance, one in a series of six publications designed for building maintenance instructors in Texas, is designed to give students an understanding of masonry construction. Introductory material provides teachers with information on use of the units of instruction and personalization and localization of…

Barnes, Bill

58

Industrial Ecology Instructional Guide for the Industrial Arts Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The detailed guide was prepared to help industrial arts personnel direct their students in a unit on environmental education, specifically geared for the industrial arts laboratory, which employs the Maryland Plan for implementing the unit method of instruction. Guidelines for implementing the program are based on experience with pilot projects…

State Univ. of New York, Oswego. Coll. at Oswego. Dept. of Industrial Arts and Technology.

59

General Metal Trades Book I. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide provides instructional materials for a 10-unit course in the General Metal Trades program. Each unit includes most or all of these basic components: performance objectives (unit and specific objectives), suggested teaching activities (a sheet outlining steps to follow to accomplish specific objectives), information sheets,…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

60

Instruction Guide General Information Services, Inc. (GiS)  

E-print Network

Instruction Guide General Information Services, Inc. (GiS) EQuest+ Ordering and Viewing Process with your organization. GiS will contact you directly if we are in need of a copy of the signed REPORT 1. Go to website address: https://apps.geninfo.com/Login.aspx?CompanyParm=GIS-US 2. At the EQUEST

Butler, Laurie J.

61

Classroom Instruction that Works with English Language Learners Facilitators Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It's much easier to spread the insights and strategies from ASCD's (Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development) best-selling "Classroom Instruction That Works with English Language Learners" to everyone in your school when you have this guide for conducting a workshop or professional development meeting on how to improve the academic…

Hill, Jane D.; Bjork, Cynthia Linnea

2008-01-01

62

A Guide to Cooperative Appraisal: Improving Instruction Through Personnel Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents a cooperative appraisal plan for evaluating educators, and thereby improving instruction. The plan is based on identifying specific job targets as a way to meet the needs of the educators and their students. Educators on every level would work to describe their job responsibilities, pinpoint areas that need improvement, design…

Berg, Lyle

63

Instruction Guide Shopping Using the Non-Catalog Item Form  

E-print Network

Instruction Guide Shopping Using the Non-Catalog Item Form Updated February 14, 2014 © Office is much easier with the new auto-complete search feature that searches like a "contains"! Access my-Catalog Item Form Updated February 14, 2014 © Office of Human Resource Services, University of Florida

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

64

General Metal Trades. Book II. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide was developed to aid in presenting units on general metal trades to students in Texas. The units are intended to provide students with basic knowledge and skills for each area of instruction in the general metal trades, and with the basic entry-level skills they will need to have in order to enter industry as trained workers.…

Hohhertz, Durwin

65

Instruction Guide Paying Vendors: Using the Voucher Inquiry  

E-print Network

Instruction Guide Paying Vendors: Using the Voucher Inquiry Updated February 8, 2012 Page 1 Example 1 Searching by several search fields at once: Always use Vendor ID and Accounting Date with other search field combinations to narrow down the search results, for example: o Vendor ID = 0000000009

Watson, Craig A.

66

Resident Outdoor Education Program. Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An extensive list of outdoor education activities that can be integrated into the traditional curriculum is presented in this guide. Activities are arranged by grade (from kindergarten through sixth) and by subject areas taught at each grade level. Subjects covered in grades 1-6 are science, social studies, language arts, mathematics, art, music,…

Hayes, Jonathan; Deem, Robert

67

Auto Technician: An Instructional Guide for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help teachers in automotive technician programs for grades 11 and 12 teach the critical competencies of the program. The critical competencies covered are the Priority 1 competencies in Ohio Occupational Competency Assessment Profile (OCAP) for Automotive Technician. Teacher materials include program/instructor resources,…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

68

Representing Instructional Material for Scenario-Based Guided-Discovery Courseware  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this paper is to discuss paradigms for learning that are based on sound principles of human learning and cognition, and to discuss technical challenges that must be overcome in achieving this research goal through instructional system design (ISD) approaches that are cost-effective as well as conformant with today's interactive multimedia instruction standards. Fundamental concepts are to: engage learners to solve real-world problems (progress from simple to complex); relate material to previous experience; demonstrate what is to be learned using interactive, problem-centered activities rather than passive exposure to material; require learners to use their new knowledge to solve problems that demonstrate their knowledge in a relevant applied setting; and guide the learner with feedback and coaching early, then gradually withdraw this support as learning progresses. Many of these principles have been put into practice by employing interactive learning objects as re-usable components of larger, more integrated exercises. A challenge is to make even more extensive use of interactive, scenario-based activities within a guided-discovery framework. Because the design and construction of interactive, scenario-based learning objects and more complex integrated exercises is labor-intensive, this paper explores the use of interactive learning objects and associated representation schema for instructional content to facilitate development of tools for creating scenario-based, guided-discovery courseware.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Merrill, M. DAVID.; Rice, Douglas M.; Curtis, Darren S.

2004-12-06

69

Effectiveness of Guided Co-Construction versus Direct Instruction for Beginning Reading Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a field experiment with 178 first-grade pupils, the effects of an experimental beginning reading programme were investigated. Both an experimental and a control group worked with the most frequently used Dutch beginning reading programme, "Learning to Read Safely." The instructional approach implemented in the experimental group was guided

Snel, M. J.; Terwel, J.; Aarnoutse, C. A. J.; van Leeuwe, J. F. J.

2012-01-01

70

Explore Elementary Teachers' Professional Knowledge of Guiding Science Fair Product by Using Different Instruction Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is about using two different instruction models, "theory course combined with sample introduction" and "theory course combined with case method teaching", to instruct elementary teachers on how to guide the science fair product in two courses (16 and 12 teachers in each class) and observe their guiding tactics after the instructed

Lu, Chow-Chin

2013-01-01

71

Two Approaches to Phonics Instruction: Comparison of Effects with Children with Significant Cognitive Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of two systematic methods of phonics instruction for children with significant cognitive disability were compared. Fifty-two participants, aged 5-12 years were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: (i) a synthetic phonics instruction, (ii) an analogy phonics instruction group, and (iii) a control group. Participants in…

Finnegan, Elizabeth Grace

2012-01-01

72

The Relationships between Cognitive Style of Field Dependence and Learner Variables in E-Learning Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationships between cognitive styles of field dependent learners with their attitudes towards e-learning (distance education) and instructional behavior in e-learning instruction. The Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) and the attitude survey (for students' preferences) towards e-learning instruction as distance…

Sozcu, Omer Faruk

2014-01-01

73

A Home for Pearl. A Videotape Series about Wildlife Habitat for Elementary Students. Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide (accompanied by a video) teaches children from ages 6 to 12 about wildlife habitats. The instructional guide is divided into four parts and consists of supplementary activities to enhance the video. Each section of the guide provides an overview, objectives, story summary, key words in the video, discussion questions,…

Lambeth, Ellen; Westervelt, Miriam O.

74

Considering perception and cognition in the design of an instructional software package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes an instructional multimedia software package was developed for use by students taking introductory physics courses. The impact of educational psychology, cognitive science, and human factors research on software design and user interface development are also discussed.

Beichner, Robert J.

2006-05-23

75

Cognitive, demographic, and motivational factors as indicators of help-seeking in supplemental instruction  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to determine how cognitive, demographic, and motivational factors can be used to understand help-seeking behavior in college students. Specifically, the study examined engagement in Supplemental Instruction (SI...

McGee, Joel Vick

2005-08-29

76

Early Life Instruction in Foreign Language and Music and Incidence of Mild Cognitive Impairment.  

PubMed

Objective: To test the hypothesis that foreign language and music instruction in early life are associated with lower incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and slower rate of cognitive decline in old age. Method: At enrollment in a longitudinal cohort study, 964 older persons without cognitive impairment estimated years of foreign language and music instruction by age 18. Annually thereafter they completed clinical evaluations that included cognitive testing and clinical classification of MCI. Results: There were 264 persons with no foreign language instruction, 576 with 1-4 years, and 124 with > 4 years; 346 persons with no music instruction, 360 with 1-4 years, and 258 with > 4 years. During a mean of 5.8 years of observation, 396 participants (41.1%) developed MCI. In a proportional hazards model adjusted for age, sex, and education, higher levels (> 4 years) of foreign language (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.687, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.482, 0.961]) and music (HR = 0.708, 95% CI [0.539, 0.930]) instruction by the age of 18 were each associated with reduced risk of MCI. The association persisted after adjustment for other early life indicators of an enriched cognitive environment, and it was stronger for nonamnestic than amnestic MCI. Both foreign language and music instruction were associated with higher initial level of cognitive function, but neither instruction measure was associated with cognitive decline. Conclusions: Higher levels of foreign language and music instruction during childhood and adolescence are associated in old age with lower risk of developing MCI but not with rate of cognitive decline. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25110933

Wilson, Robert S; Boyle, Patricia A; Yang, Jingyun; James, Bryan D; Bennett, David A

2014-08-11

77

Teacher-Coordinator's Guide for Related Instruction in Multi-Occupation Cooperative Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The product of two teacher-coordinator workshops, the guide represents the cooperative efforts of the teacher participants and provides supplementary instructional materials for secondary school multioccupational cooperative programs. The first section of the guide is intended for use in large group classroom instruction and deals with the goals,…

Spooner, Kendrick, Ed.; Mutter, Marylouise, Ed.

78

Operationalizing Cognitive Constructs in the Design of Computer-Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the application of cognitive style theory to the development of computer-based instruction explored two questions, i.e., whether computer-based courseware can be designed to address specific learner characteristics, and, if so, which characteristics. Several factors involved in the optimization of instruction are described: learner…

Hettinger, Gary A.

79

Cognitive Complexity of Mathematics Instructional Tasks in a Taiwanese Classroom: An Examination of Task Sources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined geometric calculation with number tasks used within a unit of geometry instruction in a Taiwanese classroom, identifying the source of each task used in classroom instruction and analyzing the cognitive complexity of each task with respect to 2 distinct features: diagram complexity and problem-solving complexity. We found that…

Hsu, Hui-Yu; Silver, Edward A.

2014-01-01

80

Cognitive Behavior Modification, Direct Instruction and Holistic Approaches to the Education of Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive behavior modification (CBM), Direct Instruction (DI), and holistic approaches to the education of students with learning disabilities are compared for purposes of identifying similarities and differences in instructional practice. Comparative discussions are organized around four distinctions: specific vs. general, bottom-up vs.…

Tarver, Sara G.

1986-01-01

81

Mental Model Progression in Learning the Electron Transport Chain: Effects of Instructional Strategies and Cognitive Flexibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of two instructional strategies, segmented and holistic, on the progression over time of learners' mental models toward that of an expert with the moderator of cognitive flexibility. Sixty-four juniors and seniors in a college metabolism course were randomly assigned to one of the two strategies for instruction

Darabi, Aubteen; Hemphill, Jennifer; Nelson, David W.; Boulware, Wilma; Liang, Xinya

2010-01-01

82

The Effectiveness of Modified Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing with Mildly Mentally Retarded Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of Modified Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing (CSIW) with mildly mentally retarded students' skills in writing problem/solution texts. Participants were from two self-contained and multiage classrooms in Turkey. Instruction had a positive impact on the amount of time students spent planning and…

Guzel-Ozmen, Ruya

2006-01-01

83

Comparative Analysis Between Guided Self-Instruction and Conventional Lectures in Neuroanatomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study using 60 first-year medical students in the Santo Amaro Faculty of Medicine, San Paulo, Brazil, found that self-instructional methods such as guided self-instruction or discussion groups are not superior to conventional classes. Self-instruction does have the advantages of low cost and easy applicability. (LBH)

de Carvalho, Claudio A. F.; And Others

1977-01-01

84

Cognitive Type Theory & Learning Style, A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides a practical explanation of cognitive type theory and learning style that will help teachers meet students' needs and discover their own strengths as teachers and colleagues. The introduction provides an overview of the book from the perspective of a high school classroom teacher. Part One introduces the theory of psychological…

Mamchur, Carolyn

85

Implications of Designing Instructional Video Using Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last decade, cognitive researchers identified three major challenges facing the use of multimedia materials in instruction. The first challenge is the inclusion of extraneous content that competes with the essential information for limited cognitive resources. Researchers found that including extraneous material in multimedia materials…

Ibrahim, Mohamed

2012-01-01

86

Cognitive Aids for Guiding Graph Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to improve students' comprehension of scientific graphs by adapting scaffolding techniques used to aid text comprehension. In 3 experiments involving 121 female and 88 male college students, some students were shown cognitive aids prior to viewing 4 geography graphs whereas others were not; all students were then asked to write a…

Mautone, Patricia D.; Mayer, Richard E.

2007-01-01

87

A Systems Approach With Didactor-Assisted Instruction Applied to the Cognitive Domain in Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the development of effective large-group instructional materials which are relevant and meaningful to the general studies biology student. The criterion of student interest guided the selection of birth, birth control, and genetic counseling as topics for developing relevant prototype instructional materials. These…

Dyman, Daniel J.

88

Effect of cognitive strategy content and length of instructions on cold pressor pain tolerance.  

PubMed

This experiment assessed a recent contention that cognitive pain-control strategies are effective because length of training produces demands irrespective of content of training. Participants held the dominant hand in ice water for 5 sec. They then estimated how long they expected to tolerate ice water using one of four cognitive pain-control strategies. People who used multiple cognitive strategies previously found to be effective experienced mean tolerance equal to that of subjects who used multiple cognitive strategies previously found to be ineffective. Participants then used the instructions while their hands were immersed in ice water. People tolerated the pain longer when using effective rather than ineffective strategies. The experiment demonstrated that the efficacy of cognitive pain-control strategies cannot be accounted for by length of instructions alone. PMID:7167307

Worthington, E L

1982-12-01

89

An Embedded and Embodied Cognition Review of Instructional Manipulatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent literature on learning with instructional manipulatives seems to call for a moderate view on the effects of perceptual and interactive richness of instructional manipulatives on learning. This "moderate view" holds that manipulatives' perceptual and interactive richness may compromise learning in two ways: (1) by imposing a…

Pouw, Wim T. J. L.; van Gog, Tamara; Paas, Fred

2014-01-01

90

A Cognitive Strategy Instruction to Improve Math Calculation for Children with ADHD and LD: A Randomized Controlled Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the effectiveness of cognitive strategy instruction based on PASS (Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive) given by special education teachers to students with ADHD randomly assigned by classroom. Students in the experimental group were exposed to a brief cognitive strategy instruction for 10 days, which was designed to…

Iseman, Jackie S.; Naglieri, Jack A.

2011-01-01

91

Mini Prep Cell Assembly Guide For more details, refer to the Instruction Manual.  

E-print Network

Mini Prep Cell Assembly Guide For more details, refer to the Instruction Manual. Cast the Gel 1 in the instruction manual. 3. Use a small syringe with a Teflon® tube affixed to it to slowly fill the gel tube bubbles. Visually inspect the bottom of the gel for bubbles immediately after pouring the gel solution

Economou, Tassos

92

The Principal's Guide to the First 100 Days of the School Year: Creating Instructional Momentum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For veteran principals, new principals, and aspiring principals, this book is a valuable resource for building instructional momentum during the beginning of the school year. Educational leadership expert Shawn Joseph guides administrators through five key areas: (1) Vision; (2) Instructional Leadership; (3) Politics; (4) Data; and (5) Planning.

Joseph, Shawn

2012-01-01

93

North Carolina Articulated Instructional Objectives Guide for Executive Secretary/Business Education (State Pilot Model).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This articulation instructional objective guide for executive secretary/business education contains summary information on sixteen blocks (courses) of instruction. They are the following: introduction to business, business mathematics, personal development, typing--beginning, records management, business machine--calculating, business…

North Carolina State Dept. of Community Colleges, Raleigh.

94

Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level I (9 Week).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for students in grades 7 and 8, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for ten units of instruction (nine-week class): (1) orientation; (2) understanding electricity; (3) safety; (4) methods to generate electricity; (5) wiring tools and wire; (6) soldering; (7) magnetism and electromagnetism; (8)…

Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

95

RTI with Differentiated Instruction, Grades 6-8: A Classroom Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collecting, processing, and using assessment data to form instruction for each student can be overwhelming--especially with so much diversity in the classroom. Help is here, with this hands-on guide that brings together the two leading approaches to teaching students of varying abilities: Response to Instruction and Intervention (RTI) and…

O'Meara, Jodi

2011-01-01

96

Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level I (18 Week).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for students in grades 7 and 8, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for twelve units of instruction: (1) orientation; (2) understanding electricity; (3) safety; (4) methods to generate electricity; (5) wiring tools and wire; (6) soldering; (7) magnetism and electromagnetism; (8) circuits, symbols,…

Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

97

Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for students in the tenth grade, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for sixteen units of instruction: (1) orientation, (2) introduction to electricity/electronics, (3) electricity/electronics safety, (4) fundamental skills, (5) direct current circuits, (6) graphical illustrations, (7) circuit…

Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

98

Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for students in the ninth grade, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for twenty-four units of instruction. Among the modules included are (1) introduction to the world of electricity, (2) electrical safety, (3) the electrical team, (4) resistance and resistors, (5) electric lamps and heating…

Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

99

Interactive orbital proximity operations planning system instruction and training guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This guide instructs users in the operation of a Proximity Operations Planning System. This system uses an interactive graphical method for planning fuel-efficient rendezvous trajectories in the multi-spacecraft environment of the space station and allows the operator to compose a multi-burn transfer trajectory between orbit initial chaser and target trajectories. The available task time (window) of the mission is predetermined and the maneuver is subject to various operational constraints, such as departure, arrival, spatial, plume impingement, and en route passage constraints. The maneuvers are described in terms of the relative motion experienced in a space station centered coordinate system. Both in-orbital plane as well as out-of-orbital plane maneuvering is considered. A number of visual optimization aids are used for assisting the operator in reaching fuel-efficient solutions. These optimization aids are based on the Primer Vector theory. The visual feedback of trajectory shapes, operational constraints, and optimization functions, provided by user-transparent and continuously active background computations, allows the operator to make fast, iterative design changes that rapidly converge to fuel-efficient solutions. The planning tool is an example of operator-assisted optimization of nonlinear cost functions.

Grunwald, Arthur J.; Ellis, Stephen R.

1994-01-01

100

Interactive orbital proximity operations planning system instruction and training guide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This guide instructs users in the operation of a Proximity Operations Planning System. This system uses an interactive graphical method for planning fuel-efficient rendezvous trajectories in the multi-spacecraft environment of the space station and allows the operator to compose a multi-burn transfer trajectory between orbit initial chaser and target trajectories. The available task time (window) of the mission is predetermined and the maneuver is subject to various operational constraints, such as departure, arrival, spatial, plume impingement, and en route passage constraints. The maneuvers are described in terms of the relative motion experienced in a space station centered coordinate system. Both in-orbital plane as well as out-of-orbital plane maneuvering is considered. A number of visual optimization aids are used for assisting the operator in reaching fuel-efficient solutions. These optimization aids are based on the Primer Vector theory. The visual feedback of trajectory shapes, operational constraints, and optimization functions, provided by user-transparent and continuously active background computations, allows the operator to make fast, iterative design changes that rapidly converge to fuel-efficient solutions. The planning tool is an example of operator-assisted optimization of nonlinear cost functions.

Grunwald, Arthur J.; Ellis, Stephen R.

1994-07-01

101

Cognitive Strategy Instruction for Adolescents: What We Know about the Promise, What We Don't Know about the Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Strategy instruction" is quickly becoming one of the most common--and perhaps the most commonly misunderstood--components of adolescent literacy research and practice. In this essay, veteran teacher educator Mark Conley argues that a particular type of strategy instruction known as cognitive strategy instruction holds great promise for improving…

Conley, Mark W.

2008-01-01

102

Cognitive Style Factors and Learning from Micro-Computer Based and Programmed Instructional Materials: A Preliminary Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of two cognitive styles--field dependents-independents and reflectivity-impulsivity--on learning from microcomputer-based instruction. In the first of three experimental designs, a programmed instruction text on the human heart was used which contained both visual and verbal information in an instructional display,…

Canelos, James; And Others

103

Instruction in Library Media Skills. Supplement to A Guide to School Library Media Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, a supplement to the 1982 "Guide to School Library Media Programs," is intended to help library media specialists, teachers, curriculum specialists, and administrators improve instruction and school effectiveness by providing an organized approach to teaching information skills in particular content areas. It is divided into three…

Morante, Rosemary; And Others

104

Designing LibGuides as Instructional Tools for Critical Thinking and Effective Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Did you ever wish for an easy-to-maintain tool to create course-level or assignment-level instruction for online or distance students? LibGuides can provide the solution! LibGuides provide a versatile and easy-to-maintain platform for delivering step-by-step, scaffolded tutorials that enhance learning outcomes through chunking, reduced strain on…

Baker, Ruth L.

2014-01-01

105

Effects of Constructivist-Oriented Instruction on Elementary School Students' Cognitive Structures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was primarily to explore the effects of constructivist-oriented instruction on fifth graders' cognitive structures about biological reproduction. Furthermore, such effects on different science achievers were also investigated. The subjects of this study were 69 eleven year olds in Taiwan, who were assigned to either a…

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2005-01-01

106

A Cognitive-Apprenticeship-Inspired Instructional Approach for Teaching Scientific Writing and Reading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article presents an approach for integrating instruction of scientific writing and reading into undergraduate science courses, inspired by the pedagogical theory of cognitive apprenticeship. Included, is a demonstration of its implementation and a description of a study of students' feedback that enabled developers to elicit students' difficulties and fine-tune the next application accordingly.

David W. Gatchell

2006-11-01

107

Applying Cognitive Theory to Chemistry Instruction: The Case for Worked Examples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case for chemistry instruction based on worked examples is presented, using a contemporary model of human learning. We begin by detailing human cognitive architecture and outlining the Interactive Compensatory Model of Learning (ICML). Through the ICML, the role of motivation, deliberate practice and feedback are detailed as key variables in…

Crippen, Kent J.; Brooks, David W.

2009-01-01

108

Web-Assisted Instruction for Changing Social Cognitive Variables Related to Physical Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the efficacy of Web-assisted instruction for promoting the use of social cognitive theory (SCT) strategies related to physical activity. They recruited college students attending health courses. The authors created 3 groups (Web-assisted, comparison, and control) based on the course structure. The Web-assisted group received…

Suminski, Richard R.; Petosa, Rick

2006-01-01

109

Does physics instruction foster university students' cognitive processes?: a descriptive study of teacher activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study attempts to provide a systematic description of the cognitive activities involved in teaching physics. The most important aspects of the results the teaching style of experienced university professors can be described in terms of the instruction processes belonging to the two-dimensional model described in this study.

Ferguson-Hessler, Monica G.; De Jong, Ton

2006-05-17

110

Mining Students' Learning Patterns and Performance in Web-Based Instruction: A Cognitive Style Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personalization has been widely used in Web-based instruction (WBI). To deliver effective personalization, there is a need to understand different preferences of each student. Cognitive style has been identified as one of the most pertinent factors that affect students' learning preferences. Therefore, it is essential to investigate how learners…

Chen, Sherry Y.; Liu, Xiaohui

2011-01-01

111

Effect of Three Instructional Strategies on Students' Attitudes and Cognitive Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of different instructional strategies upon the attitudes and cognitive achievement of nursing students. The major conclusions were: (a) fewer students were manifesting philosophies supportive of independent study strategies, and (b) significant interaction between students' attitudes,…

Schaffer, Dennis R.; Purohit, Anal

1975-01-01

112

Evaluating the Evidence Base for Cognitive Strategy Instruction and Mathematical Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review considers both the content and methodologies of 5 single-subject and 2 group experimental design studies investigating the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of students with disabilities, using quality indicators proposed by Horner et al. (2005) and Gersten et al. (2005). Findings indicated…

Montague, Marjorie; Dietz, Samantha

2009-01-01

113

Instructional Efficiency of Changing Cognitive Load in an Out-of-School Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our research objective focused on monitoring students' mental effort and cognitive achievement to unveil potential effects of an instructional change in an out-of-school laboratory offering gene technology modules. Altogether, 231 students (12th graders) attended our day-long hands-on module. Within a quasi-experimental design, a treatment group…

Scharfenberg, Franz-Josef; Bogner, Franz X.

2010-01-01

114

Can Music Instruction Affect Children's Cognitive Development? ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Noting that these two sets of findings have been confused, leading to claims that listening to music can improve children's academic abilities, this…

Rauscher, Frances H.

115

Applying Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development to Mathematics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on a presentation given at National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) in 2005 in Anaheim, California. It explicates the developmental stages of the child as posited by Piaget. The author then ties each of the stages to developmentally appropriate mathematics instruction. The implications in terms of not imposing…

Ojose, Bobby

2008-01-01

116

Organizational Factors and Instructional Decision-Making: A Cognitive Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the limited adoption of research-based teaching methods at the postsecondary level, research is necessary that examines why faculty choose to teach the way they do. In this article, I draw on insights from research on teacher cognition and naturalistic decision-making research to identify how perceptions of organizational factors influence…

Hora, Matthew Tadashi

2012-01-01

117

Individualized Instruction: A Review of Audio-Tutorial Instruction, Guided Design, the Personalized System of Instruction, and Individualized Lecture Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four methods of individualized instruction are described and introduced, and their similarities and differences are reviewed in terms of effectiveness, grading, lectures, mastery, pacing, theoretical base, and unit size. The methods described are (1) audio-tutorial, developed by S. N. Postlethwait, an instructional system that allows students to…

Couch, Richard W.

118

The Effects of Using Multimedia Presentations and Modular Worked-out Examples as Instructional Methodologies to Manage the Cognitive Processing Associated with Information Literacy Instruction at the Graduate and Undergraduate Levels of Nursing Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information literacy is a complex knowledge domain. Cognitive processing theory describes the effects an instructional subject and the learning environment have on working memory. Essential processing is one component of cognitive processing theory that explains the inherent complexity of knowledge domains such as information literacy. Prior research involving cognitive processing relied heavily on instructional subjects from the areas of math,

Shawn P. Calhoun

2012-01-01

119

The effects of cognitive strategy instruction on Chinese reading comprehension among Hong Kong low achieving students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive strategy instruction (CSI) on Chinese reading comprehension\\u000a of Hong Kong low achieving students. A total of 88 Grade 7 students from four intact Chinese language remedial groups were\\u000a randomly assigned to treatment and control conditions. Students in the treatment group received a 6-week Chinese CSI Program\\u000a in their regular Chinese language

Kit-ling Lau; David W. Chan

2007-01-01

120

Introduction to Office Duplication Practices. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed for use in providing secondary and postsecondary students in office occupations education programs with an introduction to office duplication practices. Addressed in the individual units of the guide are the following topics: orientation to classroom policies; classroom safety; grooming, hygiene, and nutrition;…

Powell, Theressa

121

A Guide for Developing the Instructional Program in Agricultural Mechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin contains materials suggested for use by agricultural teachers in the improvement of their agricultural mechanics programs. In its function as a guide to planning a teaching program in agricultural mechanics the document outlines the principles and procedures in course planning, 12 guiding concepts in the teaching of agricultural…

Illinois State Board of Vocational Education and Rehabilitation, Springfield. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

122

Pre-Calculus Instructional Guide for Elementary Functions, Analytic Geometry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a guide for use in semester-long courses in Elementary Functions and Analytic Geometry. A list of entry-level skills and a list of approved textbooks is provided. Each of the 18 units consists of: (1) overview, suggestions for teachers, and suggested time; (2) list of objectives; (3) cross-references guide to approved textbooks; (4) sample…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

123

Social Science Instructional Guides: Middle School. (Grades 6-8).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide, part of a social science learning continuum from first through twelfth grades, contains outlines for two-semester social studies courses for grades 6, 7, and 8. The courses focus on the geographic setting, history, and cultures of the Americans and the need for inter-American cooperation. The guides for each course contain three…

Best, Karen; And Others

124

Curriculum Guide for Food Service Instructional Programs in Pennsylvania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for an occupation home economics program in food management and production services is designed for use in teaching commercial food service at the high school level. (The authors state that the guide materials are also adaptable for programs of prevocation education, vocational education for the handicapped, adult vocational…

Weis, Susan F.; And Others

125

The Effects of Diagrams and Time-Compressed Instruction on Learning and Learners' Perceptions of Cognitive Load  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of diagrams and time-compressed instruction on learning and learners' perceptions of cognitive load. The following design factors, visuals (visuals and non-visuals) and time-compressed instruction (0%-normal paced, 25, and 50%) were presented to 216 university students to analyze learning in a…

Pastore, Raymond S.

2010-01-01

126

Use of Direct Instruction to Teach Reading to Students with Significant Cognitive Impairments: Student Outcomes and Teacher Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether students with significant cognitive impairments make measurable gains in reading skills as measured by the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests--Revised when taught using Direct Instruction reading programs. Additionally, the study explored teacher perceptions of the effectiveness of Direct Instruction

Kanfush, Philip Michael, III.

2010-01-01

127

The Effects of Time-Compressed Instruction and Redundancy on Learning and Learners' Perceptions of Cognitive Load  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can increasing the speed of audio narration in multimedia instruction decrease training time and still maintain learning? The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of time-compressed instruction and redundancy on learning and learners' perceptions of cognitive load. 154 university students were placed into conditions that consisted of…

Pastore, Ray

2012-01-01

128

Concept-Based Approach to Second Language Teaching and Learning: Cognitive Lingusitics-Inspired Instruction of English Phrasal Verbs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, L2 researchers from the sociocultural and cognitive linguistic perspectives have emphasized the importance of properly organized explicit and in-depth grammar instruction for second or foreign language learning. Such instruction is believed to lead learners to systematic understanding of the target features faster and more…

Lee, Hyewon

2012-01-01

129

Development of elementary school students' cognitive structures and information processing strategies under long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purpose of this study was to explore the effects of long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction on elementary school students' process of constructing cognitive structures. Furthermore, such effects on different science achievers were also investigated. The subjects of this study were 69 fifth graders in Taiwan, while they were assigned to either a constructivist-oriented instruction group or a traditional teaching group. The research treatment was conducted for 5 months, including six instructional units, and students' cognitive structures were probed through interviews coupled with a metalistening technique'' after the instruction of each unit. The interview narratives were transcribed into the format of flow maps. In addition, the information processing modes shown in the flow maps were also investigated through a series of content analyses. The findings showed that the students in the constructivist-oriented instruction group attained significantly better learning outcomes in terms of the extent and integration of their cognitive structures, metacognition engagement, and the usage of information processing strategies. Moreover, it was also revealed that both high achievers and low achievers benefited from the constructivist-oriented instructional activities, but in different ways. For example, both high achievers and low achievers in the constructivist-oriented instruction group attained better usage of information processing strategies than their counterparts in traditional teaching group did; but only high achievers displayed better usage of higher order information processing modes (i.e., inferring or explaining) than their counterparts in traditional teaching group did. The results in this study finally suggest a four-stage model for students' process of constructing cognitive structure under the constructivist-oriented science instruction, including cognitive structure acquisition, metacognition enrichment, cognitive structure integration, and cognitive structure refinement.

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2005-09-01

130

Instructional Design for Advanced Learners: Establishing Connections between the Theoretical Frameworks of Cognitive Load and Deliberate Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive load theory (CLT) has been successful in identifying instructional formats that are more effective and efficient than conventional problem solving in the initial, novice phase of skill acquisition. However, recent findings regarding the "expertise reversal effect" have begun to stimulate cognitive load theorists to broaden their horizon…

van Gog, Tamara; Ericsson, K. Anders; Rikers, Remy M. J. P.; Paas, Fred

2005-01-01

131

Science Cognitive and Activity Preferences and Their Relationship to Present Practices in Science Instruction in Secondary Schools in Penang, Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described are science cognitive and activity preferences of a sample of secondary students in Georgetown, Malaysia whose perceptions of instructional practices in science were considered. Three instruments were used to collect data. The analysis considers the mean scores and F-test results for a Science Cognitive Preference Inventory, an Activity…

Dekkers, John; Allen, Leslie R.

132

Critical Thinking Handbook: High School. A Guide for Redesigning Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook, designed to help high school teachers remodel their lesson plans, has one basic objective: to demonstrate that it is possible and practical to integrate instruction for critical thinking into the teaching of all subjects. The handbook discusses the concept of critical thinking and the principles that underlie it and shows how…

Paul, Richard; And Others

133

Building Maintenance: Introduction. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume, the first in a series of publications that will provide entry-level competencies in the area of building maintenance, is designed as an introduction. The seven instructional units cover these areas in the shop program: (1) introduction to building maintenance, (2) leadership development, (3) personal development, (4) job application…

Barnes, Bill

134

Implementing Anchored Instruction: Guiding Principles for Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum based on "anchored instruction" was developed to enhance students' literacy development and acquisition of knowledge. The curriculum was designed to create a rich, shared environment that generates interest and enables students to identify and define problems while they explore the content from many perspectives. Based on what is…

McLarty, Kim; And Others

135

Agricultural Science and Mechanics I and II. An Instructional Guide for Agricultural Education. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide contains guidelines and course outlines for a two- and three-year course in agricultural science and mechanics for students in grades 8, 9, and 10. Provided in the first 4 sections are course outlines for Agricultural Science and Mechanics I and II and references for use in each course. Each course outline contains an…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Agricultural Education Program.

136

Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objective Guide for Food Service/Food Service Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed during a project designed to provide continuous, performance-based vocational training at the secondary and postsecondary levels, this instructional guide is intended to help teachers implement a laterally and vertically articulated secondary level food service and food service management program. Introductory materials include…

Henderson, William Edward, Jr.

137

A Standard's Guide for the Authoring of Instructional Software. Reference Manual Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide gives step-by-step directions for authoring computer-assisted instruction materials as well as advice on planning, designing, coding, documenting, and evaluating computer assisted courseware. The importance of prospective courseware designers having a sound background in both educational theory and practice is also discussed, and…

Crawford, Stuart

138

INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDE FOR THE TEACHING OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION. PRIMARY THROUGH SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDE FOR THE TEACHING OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION, EMPHASIZING EDUCATION BY EXPERIENCE IN ACTIVITY, WAS PRESENTED. THE GOALS WERE TO DEVELOP GOOD HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS, GOOD SELF-REALIZATION, CIVIC RESPONSIBILITY, AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY. THE PROGRAM FOR BOYS, GRADES SEVEN THROUGH NINE, INCLUDED CALISTHENICS APPARATUS (SUCH AS…

BROCKMEYER, W.

139

Social Studies for Children: A Guide to Basic Instruction. Eleventh Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook is a guide for preparing teachers for social studies instruction in grades K-8. It promotes social studies as education for citizenship in a democracy. All chapters are structured to aid study and can be varied in order to suit the course requirements of instructors and the needs of students. Each chapter begins with an objective and…

Michaelis, John U.; Garcia, Jesus

140

Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Machine Shop Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This articulation guide contains 21 units of instruction for two years of machine shop. The objectives of the program are to provide the student with the basic terminology and fundamental knowledge and skills in machining (year 1) and to teach him/her to set up and operate machine tools and make or repair metal parts, tools, and machines (year 2).…

Henderson, William Edward, Jr., Ed.

141

Using Student Achievement Data to Support Instructional Decision Making. IES Practice Guide. NCEE 2009-4067  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this practice guide is to help K-12 teachers and administrators use student achievement data to make instructional decisions intended to raise student achievement. The panel believes that the responsibility for effective data use lies with district leaders, school administrators, and classroom teachers and has crafted the…

Hamilton, Laura; Halverson, Richardson; Jackson, Sharnell S.; Mandinach, Ellen; Supovitz, Jonathan A.; Wayman, Jeffrey C.

2009-01-01

142

Using a Combined Approach of Guided Inquiry & Direct Instruction to Explore How Physiology Affects Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hands-on activities with live organisms allow students to actively explore scientific investigation. Here, I present activities that combine guided inquiry with direct instruction and relate how nutrition affects the physiology and behavior of the common housefly. These experiments encourage student involvement in the formulation of experimental…

Machtinger, Erika T.

2014-01-01

143

Does a Repeated Guided-Instruction Approach with Multiple Assessments Increase Student Learning of Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guided instruction is an approach that fully explains the concepts and procedures that students are required to learn. It seems intuitive that this approach should increase student learning; however, there is evidence in the literature that this may not always be the case. We wanted to assess the effectiveness of our own repeated…

Smith, Robert; Peethambaran, Bela; Pontiggia, Laura; Blumberg, Phyllis

2013-01-01

144

The Effect of Guided Inquiry-Based Instruction on Middle School Students' Understanding of Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of non-traditional guided inquiry instruction on middle school students' conceptual understandings of lunar concepts. Multiple data sources were used to describe participants' conceptions of lunar phases and their cause, including drawings, interviews, and a lunar shapes card sort. The data were analyzed via a…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.; Sackes, Mesut

2010-01-01

145

Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Welding. Final Document. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed during a project designed to provide continuous, performance-based vocational training at the secondary and postsecondary levels, this instructional guide is intended to help teachers implement a laterally and vertically articulated secondary level welding program. Introductory materials include descriptions of Welding I and II,…

Henderson, William Edward, Jr.

146

Guide to Effective Business Practices in Buying School Supplies, Instructional Materials, Equipment and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to effective business practices is intended to assist schools in establishing general policies and procedures for buying supplies, instructional materials, equipment, and services. Federal, state, and local laws must be considered in addition to the recommendations made in this report. Practical guidelines are given for selecting…

Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.

147

The effect of research-based instruction in introductory physics on a common cognitive bias  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inspired by a paper at last year's PERC conference, in which Rebello [1] compared students' individual and cohort mean score estimations with their actual assessment scores, we present results of a study in which students in an introductory physics class were asked to predict their scores on two assessments, one delivered at the start of the course (pre-instruction) and one at the end of the course (post-instruction). Our results show that, pre-instruction, the academically strongest students tend to underestimate their score slightly, whereas the weakest overestimate their performance significantly, consistent with the findings of Rebello and demonstrating a well-known cognitive bias (the Dunning-Kruger effect). Post-instruction, we find that the ability of the original weakest quartile cohort to accurately predict their own assessment score has improved significantly, but a flux of students between quartiles from one assessment to the other reveals that the least able students continue to over-estimate their performance, but with a reduced mean discrepancy. We discuss the implications these results have for instruction and for development of enhanced metacognition amongst physics students.

Galloway, Ross K.; Bates, Simon P.; Parker, Jonathan; Usoskina, Evguenia

2013-01-01

148

The effects of cognitive style, method of instruction, and visual ability on learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationships between cognitive style, method of instruction, and visual skill on learning chemical kinetics were investigated. Participants enrolled in a general chemistry course were classified on each of three factors: cognitive style (field dependent, field neutral, or field independent), method of instruction (computer lesson, teaching assistant, or neither), and visual skill (high visual skill, moderate visual skill, or low visual skill). Participants who were classified as field independent scored significantly higher than those classified as field dependent on the kinetics portions of the hour and final exams. Also, participants who worked with the computer lesson scored significantly higher than those who did not work with either the computer lesson or the teaching assistant on the kinetics portions of the hour and final exams. In addition, participants who were classified with high visual skill scored significantly higher than those classified with low visual skill on the kinetics portions of the hour and final exams. No significant interaction effects were found for cognitive style and method of instruction. However, a trend was discovered in that participants who were classified as field dependent or field independent and worked with the computer based lesson seemed to score higher than those classified as field dependent or field independent and worked with the teaching assistant. Also, those classified as field neutral and worked with the teaching assistant seemed to score higher than those who were classified as field neutral and worked with the computer lesson. Finally, no significant difference was found for cognitive style and the percentage of time spent in the simulated environment component of the computer lesson. However, a trend was found in that participants classified as field independent seemed to spend a greater percentage of time in the simulated environment than participants classified as field dependent.

Lynch, Mark D.

149

Cultures of the Western World. Grade Ten. Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents nine units for the study of western cultures in the tenth grade. The units contain up to 13 lessons each and comprise a two-semester course. Content includes ancient Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and Reformation, Great Britain, France as a case study of revolution, Russia, and nationalism and the…

West Chester School District, PA.

150

Music--A Resource Guide for Standards-Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to provide guidance to New York state school districts and teachers to help students achieve the music standards. Teachers throughout New York state met to compile these field-tested lesson plans, teaching strategies, assessments, and resources for teachers of students in pre-kindergarten through grade 12, in all areas of…

New York State Education Dept., Albany.

151

Functional Basic Skills: English 11. Secondary Education Instructional Resource Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Produced in response to a school board's directive to develop a plan for implementing a standardized curriculum in the basic subjects on a district-wide basis, this resource guide is intended to provide teachers with ideas and materials that will assist them in teaching a course in functional basic English skills for eleventh grade students.…

Meehan, Anna, Comp.

152

Curriculum and Instruction: A 21st Century Skills Implementation Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To succeed in college, career and life in the 21st century, students must be supported in mastering both content and skills. This Implementation Guide presents state leaders, policymakers and/or district and school leaders with assessment tactics and examples to assist in statewide 21st century skills initiatives. The Partnership for 21st Century…

Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2009

2009-01-01

153

An Instruction Guide for Teachers of Health Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication provides information to local vocational education administrators who are establishing health assistant programs and serves as a guide to those who will be planning and teaching the course, which covers 480 hours within a 1- or 2-year period for students who have completed the 10th grade. The course prepares students for entry…

Harding, A. Louise, Comp.

154

Business Services and Technology. Advanced Finance Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains 15 lesson plans on financial topics for high school students. The lessons cover the following: (1) securities in the U.S. economy; (2) careers in finance; (3) commercial banking interest rates; (4) understanding financial statements; (5) newspaper stock tables; (6) financial institution operations; (7) foundation…

Eastern Michigan Univ., Ypsilanti.

155

A Teaching and Learning Guide for Organ Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principles, rules, and directions needed for an introduction to learning the art of organ playing are presented in this guide. It is directed toward the needs of volunteer, part-time organists, such as church organists, who might not have had the opportunity for concentrated study. A series of ministudies is included which enables the teacher…

Bransford, Mallory W.

156

Instruction Guide Training and Organizational Development -Updated September 10, 2012  

E-print Network

described in this guide: The Originator security role UF_EPAF_Department Admin UF_HR View/Inquiry or The Level 1 Approver security role UF_EPAF_Level 1 Approver UF_HR View/Inquiry You must attend the PST920 documentation and/or certification to support the leave (see diagrams and explanatory notes below) Leave

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

157

Commercial Art I and Commercial Art II: An Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher's guide for two sequential one-year commercial art courses for high school students is presented. Commercial Art I contains three units: visual communication, product design, and environmental design. Students study visual communication by analyzing advertising techniques, practicing fundamental drawing and layout techniques, creating…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

158

Automotive Modules. Vocational Behavioral Objectives: A Guide for Individualizing Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide deals with automotive repair skills at the secondary level of vocational education and industrial arts. It addresses the subject in behavioral terms, as prominent components of the career education concept. Presenting four skill modules, auto body repair, gas engine repair, service, and diesel engine mechanics, the objectives…

Westinghouse Learning Corp., New York, NY.

159

Training cognitive control in older adults with the space fortress game: the role of training instructions and basic motor ability.  

PubMed

This study examined if and how cognitively healthy older adults can learn to play a complex computer-based action game called the Space Fortress (SF) as a function of training instructions [Standard vs. Emphasis Change (EC); e.g., Gopher et al., 1989] and basic motor ability. A total of 35 cognitively healthy older adults completed a 3-month SF training program with three SF sessions weekly. Twelve 3-min games were played during each session. Basic motor ability was assessed with an aiming task, which required rapidly rotating a spaceship to shoot targets. Older adults showed improved performance on the SF task over time, but did not perform at the same level as younger adults. Unlike studies of younger adults, overall SF performance in older adults was greater following standard instructions than following EC instructions. However, this advantage was primarily due to collecting more bonus points and not - the primary goal of the game - shooting and destroying the fortress, which in contrast benefited from EC instructions. Basic motor ability was low and influenced many different aspects of SF game learning, often interacted with learning rate, and influenced overall SF performance. These findings show that older adults can be trained to deal with the complexity of the SF task but that overall SF performance, and the ability to capitalize on EC instructions, differs when a basic ability such as motor control is low. Hence, the development of this training program as a cognitive intervention that can potentially compensate for age-related cognitive decline should consider that basic motor ability can interact with the efficiency of training instructions that promote the use of cognitive control (e.g., EC instructions) - and the confluence between such basic abilities and higher-level cognitive control abilities should be further examined. PMID:21120135

Blumen, Helena M; Gopher, Daniel; Steinerman, Joshua R; Stern, Yaakov

2010-01-01

160

Cognitive Tutoring based on Intelligent Decision Support in the PENTHA Instructional Design Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research finality of this paper is how to support Authors to develop rule driven—subject oriented, adaptable course content, meta-rules—representing the disciplinary epistemology, model of teaching, Learning Path structure, and assessment parameters—for intelligent Tutoring actions in a personalized, adaptive e-Learning environment. The focus is to instruct the student to be a decision manager for himself, able to recognize the elements of a problem, select the necessary information with the perspective of factual choices. In particular, our research intends to provide some fundamental guidelines for the definition of didactical rules and logical relations, that Authors should provide to a cognitive Tutoring system through the use of an Instructional Design method (PENTHA Model) which proposes an educational environment, able to: increase productivity and operability, create conditions for a cooperative dialogue, developing participatory research activities of knowledge, observations and discoveries, customizing the learning design in a complex and holistic vision of the learning / teaching processes.

dall'Acqua, Luisa

2010-06-01

161

Using instructional theory to facilitate communication in Web-based courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This articles examines the role of computer-mediated communication as well as broader interpretations of communication in Web-based instruction. Overviews of cognitive processing and cognitive constructivist paradigms are presented to illustrate their relevance for guiding development of Web-based courses. Instructional goals and communication strategies associated with these paradigms are identified. We conclude that developers should use instructional theories to guide choices

Susan M. Miller; Kenneth L. Miller

1999-01-01

162

An Evidence-Based Guide for Ethics Instruction  

PubMed Central

Drawing from multiple sources of evidence, this paper updates previous descriptions (IOM, 2002) of measurement strategies and teaching techniques to promote four theoretically derived abilities thought to be necessary conditions for the responsible conduct of research. Data from three samples (exemplary professionals, professionals disciplined by a licensing board, and graduates who completed an ethics program designed to promote the four interrelated abilities) suggest that development of a moral identity that is consistent with the norms and values of a profession is the driving force that gives rise to ethical sensitivity, ethical reasoning, and ethical implementation. Evidence from the cited studies supports the usefulness of the theoretical model to (a) deconstruct summary judgments about character and see them as abilities that can be assessed and developed; (b) guide the design assessments that are sensitive to the effects of interventions; and (c) augment previous IOM recommendations for the development of meaningful learning activities. PMID:25574261

Bebeau, Muriel J.

2014-01-01

163

An evidence-based guide for ethics instruction.  

PubMed

Drawing from multiple sources of evidence, this paper updates previous descriptions (IOM, 2002) of measurement strategies and teaching techniques to promote four theoretically derived abilities thought to be necessary conditions for the responsible conduct of research. Data from three samples (exemplary professionals, professionals disciplined by a licensing board, and graduates who completed an ethics program designed to promote the four interrelated abilities) suggest that development of a moral identity that is consistent with the norms and values of a profession is the driving force that gives rise to ethical sensitivity, ethical reasoning, and ethical implementation. Evidence from the cited studies supports the usefulness of the theoretical model to (a) deconstruct summary judgments about character and see them as abilities that can be assessed and developed; (b) guide the design assessments that are sensitive to the effects of interventions; and (c) augment previous IOM recommendations for the development of meaningful learning activities. PMID:25574261

Bebeau, Muriel J

2014-12-01

164

Visual representations in science education: The influence of prior knowledge and cognitive load theory on instructional design principles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visual representations are essential for communicating ideas in the science classroom; however, the design of such representations is not always beneficial for learners. This paper presents instructional design considerations providing empirical evidence and integrating theoretical concepts related to cognitive load. Learners have a limited working memory, and instructional representations should be designed with the goal of reducing unnecessary cognitive load. However, cognitive architecture alone is not the only factor to be considered; individual differences, especially prior knowledge, are critical in determining what impact a visual representation will have on learners' cognitive structures and processes. Prior knowledge can determine the ease with which learners can perceive and interpret visual representations in working memory. Although a long tradition of research has compared experts and novices, more research is necessary to fully explore the expert-novice continuum and maximize the potential of visual representations.

Cook, Michelle Patrick

2006-11-01

165

Pick-a-Path Instructional Guide:Using Pick-a-Path in Grades 3-7.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This instructional guide (PDF) is for the mobile app Pick-a-Path (both iOS and Android platforms). The guide provides professional development by discussing the math in each level of the game, giving suggestions for classroom use, and recommending related resources from Illuminations. The Pick-a-Path app is cataloged separately and listed as a related resource.

Willman, Lisa

2012-01-01

166

Automated, quantitative cognitive/behavioral screening of mice: for genetics, pharmacology, animal cognition and undergraduate instruction.  

PubMed

We describe a high-throughput, high-volume, fully automated, live-in 24/7 behavioral testing system for assessing the effects of genetic and pharmacological manipulations on basic mechanisms of cognition and learning in mice. A standard polypropylene mouse housing tub is connected through an acrylic tube to a standard commercial mouse test box. The test box has 3 hoppers, 2 of which are connected to pellet feeders. All are internally illuminable with an LED and monitored for head entries by infrared (IR) beams. Mice live in the environment, which eliminates handling during screening. They obtain their food during two or more daily feeding periods by performing in operant (instrumental) and Pavlovian (classical) protocols, for which we have written protocol-control software and quasi-real-time data analysis and graphing software. The data analysis and graphing routines are written in a MATLAB-based language created to simplify greatly the analysis of large time-stamped behavioral and physiological event records and to preserve a full data trail from raw data through all intermediate analyses to the published graphs and statistics within a single data structure. The data-analysis code harvests the data several times a day and subjects it to statistical and graphical analyses, which are automatically stored in the "cloud" and on in-lab computers. Thus, the progress of individual mice is visualized and quantified daily. The data-analysis code talks to the protocol-control code, permitting the automated advance from protocol to protocol of individual subjects. The behavioral protocols implemented are matching, autoshaping, timed hopper-switching, risk assessment in timed hopper-switching, impulsivity measurement, and the circadian anticipation of food availability. Open-source protocol-control and data-analysis code makes the addition of new protocols simple. Eight test environments fit in a 48 in x 24 in x 78 in cabinet; two such cabinets (16 environments) may be controlled by one computer. PMID:24637442

Gallistel, C R; Balci, Fuat; Freestone, David; Kheifets, Aaron; King, Adam

2014-01-01

167

A cognitive strategy instruction to improve math calculation for children with ADHD and LD: a randomized controlled study.  

PubMed

The authors examined the effectiveness of cognitive strategy instruction based on PASS (Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive) given by special education teachers to students with ADHD randomly assigned by classroom. Students in the experimental group were exposed to a brief cognitive strategy instruction for 10 days, which was designed to encourage development and application of effective planning for mathematical computation, whereas the comparison group received-standard math instruction. Standardized tests of cognitive processes and math achievement were given at pretest. All students completed math worksheets throughout the experimental phase. Standardized achievement tests (Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement, Third Edition, Math Fluency and Wechsler Individualized Achievement Test, Second Edition, Numerical Operations) were administered pre- and postintervention, and Math Fluency was also administered at 1 year follow-up. Large pre-post effect sizes were found for students in the experimental group but not the comparison group on math worksheets (0.85 and 0.26), Math Fluency (1.17 and 0.09), and Numerical Operations (0.40 and -0.14, respectively). At 1 year follow-up, the experimental group continued to outperform the comparison group. These findings suggest that students with ADHD evidenced greater improvement in math worksheets, far transfer to standardized tests of math (which measured the skill of generalizing learned strategies to other similar tasks), and continued advantage 1 year later when provided the PASS-based cognitive strategy instruction. PMID:21383109

Iseman, Jackie S; Naglieri, Jack A

2011-01-01

168

Development of Elementary School Students' Cognitive Structures and Information Processing Strategies under Long-Term Constructivist-Oriented Science Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to explore the effects of long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction on elementary school students' process of constructing cognitive structures. Furthermore, such effects on different science achievers were also investigated. The subjects of this study were 69 fifth graders in Taiwan, while they were…

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2005-01-01

169

Visual Representations in Science Education: The Influence of Prior Knowledge and Cognitive Load Theory on Instructional Design Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visual representations are essential for communicating ideas in the science classroom; however, the design of such representations is not always beneficial for learners. This paper presents instructional design considerations providing empirical evidence and integrating theoretical concepts related to cognitive load. Learners have a limited…

Cook, Michelle Patrick

2006-01-01

170

Impact of Online Instructional Game Features on College Students' Perceived Motivational Support and Cognitive Investment: A Structural Equation Modeling Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities have begun to understand the instructional potential of digital game-based learning (DGBL) due to digital games' immersive features. These features, however, might overload learners as excessive motivational and cognitive stimuli thus impeding intended learning. Current research, however, lacks empirical evidences to…

Huang, Wenhao David; Johnson, Tristan E.; Han, Seung-Hyun Caleb

2013-01-01

171

VARIATIONS IN INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA, PROCESSES, CONTENT AND APTITUDE VARIABLES IN RELATION TO EFFICIENCY OF COGNITIVE GOAL ATTAINMENT, VOLUME 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A SERIES OF STUDIES WAS UNDERTAKEN, DIRECTED TOWARD EXPLORATIONS OF INTERRELATIONSHIPS AMONG MEDIA, PROCESSES (INSTRUCTIONAL PREREQUISITES), CONTENT AND APTITUDE VARIABLES, AND ACHIEVEMENTS. EMPHASIS THROUGHOUT WAS ON (1) THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN AND (2) PROBLEMS INVOLVED IN APPLICATION OF KNOWLEDGE TO A PRACTICAL TEACHING SITUATION. "THE TAXONOMY OF…

FATTU, N. A.

172

Improving Learning Results and Reducing Cognitive Load through 3D Courseware on Color Management and Inspection Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to solve the problem that schools in Taiwan lack of the equipment for color management and inspection instruction and seek ways to improve learning results and reduce cognitive load. The researchers developed 3D courseware for color management and inspection through a research and development process. To further scrutinize the…

Hsiung, Liang-Yuan; Lai, Mu-Hui

2013-01-01

173

The Effectiveness of Window Presentation Strategy and Cognitive Style of Field Dependence Status on Learning from Mediated Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this article is to review the literature on research studies conducted in the last five years on the effectiveness of window presentation strategies and the cognitive dependence status of field-dependent/independent (FD/FI) learners in a computer-mediated instruction (CMI). Secondary to this purpose is to summarize research…

Ikegulu, Patricia R.; Ikegulu, T. Nelson

174

Cognitive Strategy Instruction for Improving Expository Text Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities: The Quality of Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have widely used cognitive strategy instruction to address reading comprehension deficits evidenced by students with learning disabilities. However, no one has yet conducted a review of the quality of this literature. This review applies the quality indicators advocated by Gersten et al. (2005) and Horner et al. (2005) to evaluate the…

Jitendra, Asha K.; Burgess, Clare; Gajria, Meenakshi

2011-01-01

175

Evaluation of Title I ESEA Projects, 1971-1972. Volume III, Instructional Practices and Student Cognitive Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume, ESEA Title I projects related to instructional practices and student cognitive performance, carried out in Philadelphia during 1971-1972, are evaluated. The six projects in this cluster are: Class for Mentally Retarded/Emotionally Distrubed Children; English as a Second Language; Improvement of Reading Skills (Reading Skills…

Prusso, Kenneth W.; And Others

176

The Impact of Clickers Instruction on Cognitive Loads and Listening and Speaking Skills in College English Class  

PubMed Central

Clickers might own a bright future in China if properly introduced although they have not been widely acknowledged as an effective tool to facilitate English learning and teaching in Chinese contexts. By randomly selecting participants from undergraduates in a university in China over four academic years, this study aims to identify the impact of clickers on college English listening and speaking skills, and differences in cognitive loads between clickers and traditional multimedia assisted instruction modes. It was concluded that in China's college English class, compared with multimedia assisted instruction, (1) clickers could improve college English listening skills; (2) clickers could improve college English speaking skills; and (3) clickers could reduce undergraduates' cognitive loads in College English Class. Reasons for the results and defects in this study were also explored and discussed, based on learning, teaching and cognitive load theories. Some Suggestions for future research were also raised. PMID:25192424

Yu, Zhonggen; Chen, Wentao; Kong, Yong; Sun, Xiao Ling; Zheng, Jing

2014-01-01

177

Guided self-help versus cognitive-behavioral group therapy in the treatment of bulimia nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether guided self-help was effective in the short and long term in the treatment of bulimia nervosa. Method: Eighty- one patients with bulimia nervosa were randomly assigned to either a self-help manual with a maximum of 18 short weekly visits (guided self-help) or to 18 weekly 1.5-h sessions of cognitive-behavioral

Ursula Bailer; Martina de Zwaan; Friedrich Leisch; Alexandra Strnad; Claudia Lennkh-Wolfsberg; Nadia El-Giamal; Kurt Hornik; Siegfried Kasper

2004-01-01

178

Instructional Guide for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration. V & TECC Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This trade and industrial curriculum guide is intended for use in vocational programs that prepare students to enter the air conditioning/refrigeration field. The introductory section provides a statement of philosophy, objectives, block time schedule, and recommended facilities and equipment. Following the introductory section, eighteen blocks of…

Duenk, Lester G.; And Others

179

Identification and Validation of Cognitive Design Principles for Automated Generation of Assembly Instructions  

E-print Network

for the creation and automation of visual instructions. Designing effective instructions for everyday products comprehensible and accessible instructions. We describe an approach for identifying such design principles-provided and highly rated hand-designed instructions. Our results indicate that the computer-generated instructions

Agrawala, Maneesh

180

Cognitive Behavioral Guided Self-Help for the Treatment of Recurrent Binge Eating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Despite proven efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating eating disorders with binge eating as the core symptom, few patients receive CBT in clinical practice. Our blended efficacy-effectiveness study sought to evaluate whether a manual-based guided self-help form of CBT (CBT-GSH), delivered in 8 sessions in a health…

Striegel-Moore, Ruth H.; Wilson, G. Terence; DeBar, Lynn; Perrin, Nancy; Lynch, Frances; Rosselli, Francine; Kraemer, Helena C.

2010-01-01

181

The Effects of Using Multimedia Presentations and Modular Worked-Out Examples as Instructional Methodologies to Manage the Cognitive Processing Associated with Information Literacy Instruction at the Graduate and Undergraduate Levels of Nursing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is a complex knowledge domain. Cognitive processing theory describes the effects an instructional subject and the learning environment have on working memory. Essential processing is one component of cognitive processing theory that explains the inherent complexity of knowledge domains such as information literacy. Prior…

Calhoun, Shawn P.

2012-01-01

182

The Effects of Televised Instruction and Ancillary Support System on the Development of Cognitive Skills in Papago Native-American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A second year of experimental research on young children examined the instructional power of television in facilitating the acquisition of cognitive skills. In addition, researchers investigated the efficiency of an instructional support system designed to maximize the results of educational television. Subjects were three- to five-year-old Native…

Henderson, Ronald W.; Swanson, Rosemary

183

The Digestive System [and] Instructor's Guide. Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional modular unit wlth instructor's guide provides materials on important aspects of one of the major systems of the human body--the digestive system. Its purpose is to introduce the student to the structures and functions of the human digestive system--and the interrelationships of the two--and to familiarize the student with some…

National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

184

Vocational Curriculum Resources for Disdvantaged Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials. Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 3 of a three-volume guide to vocational curriculum resources for disadvantaged students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: agriculture, auto body repair, automobile mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, career education, carpentry, cosmetology, custodial…

Mangano, R. Michael; And Others

185

Vocational Curriculum Resources for Disadvantaged Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 2 of a three-volume guide to vocational curriculum resources for disadvantaged students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: agriculture, auto body repair, automobile mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, career education, carpentry, cosmetology, custodial…

Mangano, R. Michael; And Others

186

Vocational Curriculum Resources for Disadvantaged Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials. Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 1 of a three-volume guide to vocational curriculum resources for disadvantaged students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: agriculture, auto body repair, automobile mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, carpentry, cosmetology, custodial and maintenance,…

Mangano, R. Michael; And Others

187

OUR's: Optimum Utilization of Resources; A Guide to Instructional Resources in Occupational Education. Research Pub. 77-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide contains over 300 entries which are available through the Optimum Utilization of Resources (OUR's) exchange system. The entries describe learning materials, such as slides, video tapes, audio tapes, films, print material, and computer assisted instructional programs, which have been developed primarily by faculty of the…

Beamish, Eric; And Others

188

[Individualized Material for Industrial Education Based on the AVA Booklet "A Guide to Improving Instruction in Industrial Arts".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This package of individualized curriculum materials for industrial arts, developed by the 1969-70 Experienced Teacher Fellowship Program for teacher and student use, is a result of an in-depth study of the 1968 revision of the American Vocational Association's booklet, "A Guide to Improving Instruction in Industrial Arts." The 10 major units…

Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI.

189

Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Air Conditioning, Refrigeration, and Heating. Volume II (Second Year).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This articulation guide contains 17 units of instruction for the second year of a two-year vocational program designed to prepare the high school graduate to install, maintain, and repair various types of residential and commercial heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration equipment. The units are designed to help the student to expand and…

Henderson, William Edward, Jr., Ed.

190

WWC Review of the Report "The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Math Problem Solving of Middle School Students of Varying Ability." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent study, "The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Math Problem Solving of Middle School Students of Varying Ability," examined the effectiveness of "Solve It!," a program intended to improve the problem-solving skills of seventh-grade math students. During the program, students are taught cognitive strategies of…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

2014-01-01

191

Cognitive-Academic Language Proficiency and Language Acquisition in Bilingual Instruction--with an Outlook on a University Project in Albania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the contribution of cognitive-academic language proficiency to second language acquisition in instructional contexts, using Cummins' concepts of bilingual education. Discusses Albania's educational practices and reviews a joint project by Austrian and Albanian universities that shows how cognitive academic proficiency, along with…

Portmann-Tselikas Paul R.

2001-01-01

192

Lasting effects of instruction guided by the conflict map: Experimental study of learning about the causes of the seasons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study was based on the framework of the conflict map to facilitate student conceptual learning about causes of the seasons. Instruction guided by the conflict map emphasizes not only the use of discrepant events, but also the resolution of conflict between students' alternative conceptions and scientific conceptions, using critical events or explanations and relevant perceptions and conceptions that explicate the scientific conceptions. Two ninth grade science classes in Taiwan participated in this quasi-experimental study in which one class was assigned to a traditional teaching group and the other class was assigned to a conflict map instruction treatment. Students' ideas were gathered through three interviews: the first was conducted 1 week after the instruction; the second 2 months afterward; and the third at 8 months after the treatment. Through an analysis of students' interview responses, it was revealed that many students, even after instruction, had a common alternative conception that seasons were determined by the earth's distance to the sun. However, the instruction guided by the framework of the conflict map was shown to be a potential way of changing the alternative conception and acquiring scientific understandings, especially in light of long-term observations. A detailed analysis of students' ideas across the interviews also strongly suggests that researchers as well as practicing teachers need to pay particular attention to those students who can simply recall the scientific fact without deep thinking, as these students may learn science through rote memorization and soon regress to alternative conceptions after science instruction.

Tsai, Chin-Chung; Chang, Chun-Yen

2006-06-08

193

Cognitive Behavioral Guided Self-Help for the Treatment of Recurrent Binge Eating  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Despite proven efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating eating disorders with binge eating as the core symptom, few patients receive CBT in clinical practice. Our blended efficacy–effectiveness study sought to evaluate whether a manual-based guided self-help form of CBT (CBT-GSH), delivered in 8 sessions in a health maintenance organization setting over a 12-week period by master's-level interventionists,

Ruth H. Striegel-Moore; G. Terence Wilson; Lynn DeBar; Nancy Perrin; Frances Lynch; Francine Rosselli; Helena C. Kraemer

2010-01-01

194

Cognitive state monitoring and the design of adaptive instruction in digital environments: lessons learned from cognitive workload assessment using a passive brain-computer interface approach  

PubMed Central

According to Cognitive Load Theory (CLT), one of the crucial factors for successful learning is the type and amount of working-memory load (WML) learners experience while studying instructional materials. Optimal learning conditions are characterized by providing challenges for learners without inducing cognitive over- or underload. Thus, presenting instruction in a way that WML is constantly held within an optimal range with regard to learners' working-memory capacity might be a good method to provide these optimal conditions. The current paper elaborates how digital learning environments, which achieve this goal can be developed by combining approaches from Cognitive Psychology, Neuroscience, and Computer Science. One of the biggest obstacles that needs to be overcome is the lack of an unobtrusive method of continuously assessing learners' WML in real-time. We propose to solve this problem by applying passive Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) approaches to realistic learning scenarios in digital environments. In this paper we discuss the methodological and theoretical prospects and pitfalls of this approach based on results from the literature and from our own research. We present a strategy on how several inherent challenges of applying BCIs to WML and learning can be met by refining the psychological constructs behind WML, by exploring their neural signatures, by using these insights for sophisticated task designs, and by optimizing algorithms for analyzing electroencephalography (EEG) data. Based on this strategy we applied machine-learning algorithms for cross-task classifications of different levels of WML to tasks that involve studying realistic instructional materials. We obtained very promising results that yield several recommendations for future work. PMID:25538544

Gerjets, Peter; Walter, Carina; Rosenstiel, Wolfgang; Bogdan, Martin; Zander, Thorsten O.

2014-01-01

195

Identification and Validation of Cognitive Design Principles for Automated Generation of Assembly Instructions  

E-print Network

.stanford.edu, {dphan, maneesh, hanrahan} @ graphics.stanford.edu ABSTRACT Designing effective instructions for everyday visually comprehensible and accessible instructions. We describe an approach for identifying such design to factory-provided and highly rated hand-designed instructions. Our results indicate that the computer

Agrawala, Maneesh

196

COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION, 21(2), 149173 Copyright 2003, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.  

E-print Network

-mail: triona@cmu.edu #12;laboratory science instruction. These include portability, safety, cost for presenting instructional materials in laboratory science. However, there are neither theoretical nor makes them an appealing option for presenting instructional materials in labora- tory science. U

Klahr, David

197

Effectiveness of Cognitive Apprenticeship Instructional Methods in College Automotive Technology Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two automotive air-conditioning classes, an experimental group (n=12) conducted laboratory activities structured by cognitive apprenticeship principles; 14 controls attended lectures. Cognitive apprenticeship was significantly more effective in increasing information acquisition, troubleshooting knowledge, and diagnostic skills. (SK)

Cash, Joseph R.; And Others

1997-01-01

198

Screen-Capture Instructional Technology: A Cognitive Tool for Designing a Blended Multimedia Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online instruction has been demonstrated to increase the academic achievement for post-secondary students; however, little empirical investigation has been conducted on high school students learning from online multimedia instruction in the traditional classroom. This study investigated the knowledge acquisition, transfer, and favorability of…

Smith, Jeffrey G.; Smith, Rita L.

2012-01-01

199

Effects of Cognitive-Based Instruction on Mathematical Problem Solving by Learners with Mild Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examined the effects of different approaches to teaching learners with mild intellectual disabilities to solve mathematical word problems. Method: Thirty Chinese students with mild intellectual disabilities from a special school in Hong Kong were taught using conventional instruction, worked example instruction, and…

Chung, Kevin K. H.; Tam, Y. H.

2005-01-01

200

State Articulated Instructional Objectives Guide for Occupational Education Programs. State Pilot Model for Automotive Mechanics (DCC V-003) and Automotive Mechanics (High School).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This articulation instructional objective guide for automotive mechanics contains summary information on fifteen blocks (courses) of instruction. They are introduction to automotive technology; lubrication and vehicle operating maintenance; cooling system maintenance and repair; automobile heater maintenance and repair; braking system maintenance…

North Carolina State Dept. of Community Colleges, Raleigh.

201

To the letter: early readers trust print-based over oral instructions to guide their actions.  

PubMed

Children have many opportunities to learn from others through oral and written sources. Recent evidence suggests that early readers place more trust in written over oral testimony when learning names for unfamiliar objects. Across three studies, we examined whether the authority of print extends beyond mere naming to guide children's actions in the physical world. In Study 1, 3- to 6-year-olds received conflicting oral and print-based advice from two puppets about how to operate a novel apparatus. Whereas pre-readers were indiscriminate in their trust, early readers preferred to follow the print-based advice. In Study 2, we replicated this finding, controlling for the amount of corroborating evidence presented by both sources, and the location of the print. In Study 3, we explored whether readers' preference for print-based information was due to a global preference for external representations, or a more specific preference for text. Children were presented with conflicting instructions based on text versus a coloured circle. Whereas pre-readers preferred to follow the colour circle, readers preferred to follow the text. Together, the results suggest that when children learn to read, they rapidly come to regard the written word as a particularly authoritative source of information about how to act in the world. PMID:24814164

Corriveau, Kathleen H; Einav, Shiri; Robinson, Elizabeth J; Harris, Paul L

2014-09-01

202

The effects of the interaction between cognitive style and instructional strategy on the educational outcomes for a science exhibit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines factors which may affect the educational effectiveness of science exhibits. Exhibit effectiveness is the result of a complex interaction among exhibit features, cognitive characteristics of the museum visitor, and educational outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative proportions of field-dependent and field-independent visitors in the museum audience, and to ascertain if the cognitive style of visitors interacted with instructional strategies to affect the educational outcomes for a computer-based science exhibit. Cognitive style refers to the self-consistent modes of selecting and processing information that an individual employs throughout his or her perceptual and intellectual activities. It has a broad influence on many aspects of personality and behavior, including perception, memory, problem solving, interest, and even social behaviors and self-concept. As such, it constitutes essential dimensions of individual differences among museum visitors and has important implications for instructional design in the museum. The study was conducted in the spring of 1998 at the Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum in Chicago. Two experimental treatments of a computer-based exhibit were tested in the study. The first experimental treatment utilized strategies designed for field-dependent visitors that limited the text and provided more structure and cueing than the baseline treatment of the computer program. The other experimental treatment utilized strategies designed for field-independent visitors that provided hypothesis-testing and more contextual information. Approximately two-thirds of the visitors were field-independent. The results of a multiple regression analysis indicated that there was a significant interaction between cognitive style and instructional strategy that affected visitors' posttest scores on a multiple-choice test of the content. Field-independent visitors out- performed the field-dependent visitors in the control, baseline, and both experimental treatments. Both field-dependent and field-independent visitor posttest scores increased in the field-dependent experimental treatment and in the field-independent treatment. The most effective treatment for all visitors was the field-independent treatment. Criteria for designing a computer-based exhibit to meet the needs of all visitors were recommended. These included organized, concise text; a structured, rather than exploratory design; and cueing in the form of questions, bold fonts, underlining of important words and concepts, and captioned images.

Knappenberger, Naomi

203

Applying Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques to Social Skills Instruction. ERIC/OSEP Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest describes how teachers can use cognitive-behavioral interventions (CBI) to remediate behavioral deficits and excesses by providing students with the tools necessary to control their own behavior. CBIs involve teaching the use of inner speech ("self-talk" )to modify underlying cognitions that affect overt behavior. CBI incorporates…

Smith, Stephen W.

204

The impact of cognitive strategy instruction on deaf learners: an international comparative study.  

PubMed

Teacher cohorts in England and China received special training in techniques for teaching higher-level critical and creative cognitive strategies to deaf learners. Both cohorts implemented the strategies in the classroom at least twice weekly for 6 months. Measures included Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (1959), a systematic observation checklist for cognitive behaviors (Martin & Craft, 1998), and critical and creative problem situations to which students had to respond. Results were compared with those from a study of similar learners in the United States (Martin & Jonas, 1985), and little difference was found. Students in all three countries improved in reasoning, devising real-world problem solutions involving critical thinking (but not creative thinking), using cognitive vocabulary in the classroom, and expressing others' viewpoints. Postintervention focus groups showed teachers in China used a more invariant sequence in teaching the cognitive strategies, but teachers in all three countries experienced similar expansion in cognitive terminology and self-perceptions as teachers of problem solving. PMID:11816861

Martin, D S; Craft, A; Sheng, Z N

2001-10-01

205

Evaluation of Multimedia Authoring Instruction Based in a Behaviorist-Cognitive-Constructivist Continuum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluative case study examines the learning experiences of graduate students studying effective multimedia authoring. Continuum-based instructional design, behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, collaboration, the role of a matrix, transfer of training, and qualitative and quantitative results are discussed. (LRW)

Sherry, Annette C.

1998-01-01

206

The effect of teaching the cognitive and meta-cognitive strategies (self-instruction procedure) on verbal math problem-solving performance of primary school students with verbal problem- solving difficulties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the effects of teaching the cognitive and meta-cognitive strategies (self-instruction procedure) on verbal math problem-solving (VMPS) performance of primary school students with VMPS difficulties. The experimental design using pre-test, post-test with control group is applied. The students were selected random ally of primary school and examined with VMPS test (pre-test). 60 of the students with VMPS difficulties

Narges Babakhani

2011-01-01

207

The Effect of Sequence of Instruction on Students' Cognitive Preferences and Recall in the Context of a Problem-Oriented Method of Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of two sequences of instruction--theory-to-application and application-to-theory--on medical students' cognitive preferences in preclinical science teaching. Results indicate that presenting an example of the clinical application of biochemical theory before presenting the theory itself increased students'…

Boreham, N. C.; And Others

1985-01-01

208

The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Knowledge of Math Problem-Solving Processes of Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of "Solve It!" instruction on students' knowledge of math problem-solving strategies. "Solve It!" is a cognitive strategy intervention designed to improve the math problem solving of middle school students with learning disabilities (LD). Participants included seventh- and eighth-grade students with LD (n…

Krawec, Jennifer; Huang, Jia; Montague, Marjorie; Kressler, Benikia; de Alba, Amanda Melia

2013-01-01

209

The Impact of Modified Multi-Component Cognitive Strategy Instruction in the Acquisition of Metacognitive Strategy Knowledge in the Text Comprehension Process of Students with Mental Retardation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Modified Multi-component Cognitive Strategy Instruction on the metacognitive strategy knowledge used for the comprehension process of descriptive texts for students with mild mental retardation (MMR). Three students with MMR from inclusive classes participated in the study. The study was…

Doganay Bilgi, Arzu; Ozmen, E. Ruya

2014-01-01

210

Exploring the Impact of Prior Knowledge and Appropriate Feedback on Students' Perceived Cognitive Load and Learning Outcomes: Animation-Based Earthquakes Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop an animation-based curriculum and to evaluate the effectiveness of animation-based instruction; the report involved the assessment of prior knowledge and the appropriate feedback approach, for the purpose of reducing perceived cognitive load and improving learning. The curriculum was comprised of five subunits…

Yeh, Ting-Kuang; Tseng, Kuan-Yun; Cho, Chung-Wen; Barufaldi, James P.; Lin, Mei-Shin; Chang, Chun-Yen

2012-01-01

211

Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA), Community School District 2 Special Alternative Instruction Program. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OREA Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA) was a federally funded program serving 960 limited-English-proficient students in 10 Manhattan (New York) elementary schools in 1992-93 its third year of operation. The project provided instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), mathematics, science, and social studies in…

Lynch, Joanne

212

Adolescent Literacy Walk-Through for Principals: A Guide for Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this "Adolescent Literacy Walk-Through for Principals" ("ALWP") is to help principals monitor and support adolescent literacy instruction in their schools more effectively. To meet the goals of improving adolescent literacy in grades four through twelve, principals must be familiar with what literacy instruction should include and…

Rissman, Lila M.; Miller, Debra H.; Torgesen, Joseph K.

2009-01-01

213

The Landlord's and Tenant's Guide. Teachers Instructional Packet, TIP No. 10, Spring 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series of classroom aids designed for real estate instructors, this instructional packet was designed to give real estate students a balanced view of the landlord-tenant relationship in Texas. Following an evaluation form for the instructional packet, a summary presentation explores the topic, explains the rules that govern and the…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Real Estate Research Center.

214

When Language of Instruction and Language of Application Differ: Cognitive Costs of Bilingual Mathematics Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bilingual education programs implicitly assume that the acquired knowledge is represented in a language-independent way. This assumption, however, stands in strong contrast to research findings showing that information may be represented in a way closely tied to the specific language of instruction and learning. The present study aims to examine…

Saalbach, Henrik; Eckstein, Doris; Andri, Nicoletta; Hobi, Reto; Grabner, Roland H.

2013-01-01

215

Self-Efficacy, Self-Regulation, and Cognitive Style as Predictors of Achievement with Podcast Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate possible factors that may affect academic achievement when instruction is delivered via podcast. Seventeen female Communication Sciences and Disorders students participated in this exploratory study conducted in the fall of 2006. Measurements of participants' individual differences on four variables…

Hodges, Charles B.; Stackpole-Hodges, Christene L.; Cox, Kenneth M.

2008-01-01

216

How Mathematicians Obtain Conviction: Implications for Mathematics Instruction and Research on Epistemic Cognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The received view of mathematical practice is that mathematicians gain certainty in mathematical assertions by deductive evidence rather than empirical or authoritarian evidence. This assumption has influenced mathematics instruction where students are expected to justify assertions with deductive arguments rather than by checking the assertion…

Weber, Keith; Inglis, Matthew; Mejia-Ramos, Juan Pablo

2014-01-01

217

The Use of Cognitive Task Analysis to Capture Expertise for Tracheal Extubation Training in Anesthesiology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive task analysis (CTA) is a knowledge elicitation technique employed for acquiring expertise from domain specialists to support the effective instruction of novices. CTA guided instruction has proven effective in improving surgical skills training for medical students and surgical residents. The standard, current method of teaching clinical…

Embrey, Karen K.

2012-01-01

218

Using Fluid Inclusions to Bring Phase Diagrams to Life in a Guided Inquiry Instructional Setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A fundamental concept in mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry is the generation and interpretation of phase diagrams for various systems. We have developed an exercise to strengthen student's familiarity with and confidence in employing phase diagrams by using fluid inclusions. The activity follows the 5Es (Engagement, Exploration, Explanation, Extension, Evaluation) guided inquiry instructional model in order to best facilitate student learning. The exercise follows an activity adapted from Brady (1992) wherein students collect data to generate the phase diagram for the Ice-Water-NaCl system. The engagement activity involves using a USGS-type fluid inclusion heating-cooling stage with a camera and projection system. We typically employ either a doubly-polished quartz sample or a cleaved section of fluorite and select a typical two phase (L + V) aqueous inclusion. Students first observe the inclusion at room temperature and pressure and are asked to predict what would happen if the sample is heated. Students then watch as the sample is heated to its homogenization temperature (Th) and are asked to explain what they see. The sample is then cooled until completely frozen and then slowly warmed until the first ice melting (at the eutectic, Te) and then until all ice melts (Tm). Again, students are asked to explain what they see and, if necessary, they are guided to remember the earlier phase diagram activity. The process is then repeated while students follow along the appropriate phase diagrams. In this fashion, students literally see the changes in phases present and their relative abundances as they move through the phase diagram. The engagement activity generates student interest in the exercise to insure minds-on as well as hands-on exploration. The exploration activities involve students observing and describing a wide range of fluid inclusion types (e.g., CO2, daughter crystals, multiple inclusion trails, etc) and hands-on collection of Th and Tm data for a selected sample. Using a fluorite sample (Denton Mine) yields excellent results and a meaningful extension activity. Each student collects Th and Tm data that are then combined and class histograms are generated and interpreted. At this point, a general explanation of fluid inclusions is provided to bring together the student's observations and to assess their understanding. The extension activity involves using the Th, Te, and Tm data obtained for primary inclusions to constrain the true trapping temperature (Tt). The isochore is calculated and plotted on a P-T plot. Using the geothermal gradient for the sample locale, students calculate the hydrostatic and lithostatic gradients for the region and plot these on the P-T diagram in order to constrain the possible range in Tt. Finally, based upon the salinity and Tt range, students determine what ore fluid type is represented (MVT). The evaluation includes observation of participation, answers to questions posed during the engagement activity, and a written report that includes answers to refining and open-ended questions as well as a reflection on their learning. This activity strengthens student's understanding of phase diagrams while introducing them to the importance of fluids in the crust.

Farver, J. R.; Onasch, C.

2011-12-01

219

Cognitive Style and Reading: Implications from Field Dependence Research for Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of all cognitive styles, field dependence/independence (FD/I) is by far the most researched and has the greatest application potential to educational problems. Briefly stated, the FD/I dimension refers to people's ability to experience and interpret their environment in terms of a global versus analytic continuum. Field dependents are likely to…

Rasinski, Timothy

220

Cognitive Strategy Instruction for Functional Mathematical Skill: Effects for Young Adults with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the effectiveness of a three-step cognitive strategy (TIP) for calculating tip and total bill for young adults with intellectual disability. In the context of pre- and post-test nonequivalent-groups design, 10 students from a postsecondary education program for individuals with disabilities participated in the study. A teacher…

Hua, Youjia; Morgan, Benjamin S. T.; Kaldenberg, Erica R.; Goo, Minkowan

2012-01-01

221

Instructional Design Consequences of an Analogy between Evolution by Natural Selection and Human Cognitive Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolution by natural selection may becharacterized as a system in which a largestore of genetic information will persistindefinitely while it remains coordinated withits environment but will continuously producesmall random variations that are tested forenvironmental effectiveness. In anyenvironment, effective variations will persistwhile ineffective variations will disappear.Similarly, human cognitive architectureincludes a large store of information held inlong-term memory that coordinates our cognitiveactivities.

John Sweller

2004-01-01

222

Striving for Disciplinary Literacy Instruction: Cognitive Tools in a World History Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a case study of a world history teacher's mediation of her students' world historical thinking and writing through unit-level cognitive tools. They analyze both scaffolding and disciplinary tools that the teacher constructed for her students in order to improve their world historical thinking, and the degree to which the…

Girard, Brian; Harris, Lauren McArthur

2012-01-01

223

Combined Fluency and Cognitive Strategies Instruction Improves Mathematics Achievement in Early Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred and seventy-eight second grade students from two states (Georgia and Massachusetts) participated in an experiment in which they were randomly assigned to either (1) a computer program designed to increase fluency in addition and subtraction, (2) a program designed to improve cognitive strategy use for addition and subtraction, (3) a…

Carr, Martha; Taasoobshirazi, Gita; Stroud, Rena; Royer, James M.

2011-01-01

224

Technology, Learning and Instruction: Distributed Cognition in the Secondary English Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we analyse interactions between secondary students and pre-service teachers in an online environment in order to understand how their meaning-making processes embody distributed cognition. We begin by providing a theoretical review of the ways in which literacy learning is distributed across learners, objects, tools, symbols,…

Gomez, Mary Louise; Schieble, Melissa; Curwood, Jen Scott; Hassett, Dawnene

2010-01-01

225

The Influence of Visual Cognitive Style when Learning from Instructional Animations and Static Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a 2 x 2 design, we examined the role of visual cognitive style in two multimedia-based learning environments (text plus static pictures/animations). A statistically significant interaction was obtained for deeper comprehension: Highly developed visualizers (HDV) who learned with static pictures performed better than HDV who learned with…

Hoffler, Tim N.; Prechtl, Helmut; Nerdel, Claudia

2010-01-01

226

Assessment of Higher Order Thinking Skills. Current Perspectives on Cognition, Learning and Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume examines the assessment of higher order thinking skills from the perspectives of applied cognitive psychology and measurement theory. The volume considers a variety of higher order thinking skills, including problem solving, critical thinking, argumentation, decision making, creativity, metacognition, and self-regulation. Fourteen…

Schraw, Gregory, Ed.; Robinson, Daniel H., Ed.

2011-01-01

227

Learning strategy preferences, verbal-visual cognitive styles, and multimedia preferences for continuing engineering education instructional design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A literature search revealed very little information on how to teach working engineers, which became the motivation for this research. Effective training is important for many reasons such as preventing accidents, maximizing fuel efficiency, minimizing pollution emissions, and reducing equipment downtime. The conceptual framework for this study included the development of a new instructional design framework called the Multimedia Cone of Abstraction (MCoA). This was developed by combining Dale's Cone of Experience and Mayer's Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning. An anonymous survey of 118 engineers from a single Midwestern manufacturer was conducted to determine their demographics, learning strategy preferences, verbal-visual cognitive styles, and multimedia preferences. The learning strategy preference profile and verbal-visual cognitive styles of the sample were statistically significantly different than the general population. The working engineers included more Problem Solvers and were much more visually-oriented than the general population. To study multimedia preferences, five of the seven levels in the MCoA were used. Eight types of multimedia were compared in four categories (types in parantheses): text (text and narration), static graphics (drawing and photograph), non-interactive dynamic graphics (animation and video), and interactive dynamic graphics (simulated virtual reality and real virtual reality). The first phase of the study examined multimedia preferences within a category. Participants compared multimedia types in pairs on dual screens using relative preference, rating, and ranking. Surprisingly, the more abstract multimedia (text, drawing, animation, and simulated virtual reality) were preferred in every category to the more concrete multimedia (narration, photograph, video, and real virtual reality), despite the fact that most participants had relatively little prior subject knowledge. However, the more abstract graphics were only slightly preferred to the more concrete graphics. In the second phase, the more preferred multimedia types in each category from the first phase were compared against each other using relative preference, rating, and ranking and overall rating and ranking. Drawing was the most preferred multimedia type overall, although only slightly more than animation and simulated virtual reality. Text was a distant fourth. These results suggest that instructional content for continuing engineering education should include problem solving and should be highly visual.

Baukal, Charles Edward, Jr.

228

Students' aptitudes and their reports of cognitive processes during direct instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

72 5th- and 6th-grade students were randomly assigned to 1 of 6 classes using a factorial assignment of ability level crossed with attitude. Each class was taught a 2-day unit on probability, using the direct instruction model. Ss were videotaped during the lesson and afterward were interviewed about their thought processes using a stimulated-recall procedure. Independent of ability, Ss' reports

Penelope L. Peterson; Susan R. Swing; Marc T. Braverman; Ray R. Buss

1982-01-01

229

From Guided to Self-Regulated Performance of Domain-General Skills: The Role of Peer Monitoring during the Fading of Instructional Scripts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fading of instructional scripts can be regarded as necessary for allowing learners to take over control of their cognitive activities during the acquisition of skills such as argumentation. There is, however, the danger that learners might relapse into novice strategies after script prompts are faded. One possible solution could be monitoring…

Wecker, Christof; Fischer, Frank

2011-01-01

230

Learner's Guide: Water Quality Monitoring. An Instructional Guide for the Two-Year Water Quality Monitoring Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learner's guide is designed to meet the training needs for technicians involved in monitoring activities related to the Federal Water Pollution Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act. In addition it will assist technicians in learning how to perform process control laboratory procedures for drinking water and wastewater treatment plant…

Glazer, Richard B.; And Others

231

Guided Cognitive Reframing of Adolescent-Father Conflict: Who Mexican American and European Adolescents Seek and Why  

PubMed Central

Adolescents may seek to understand family conflict by seeking out confidants. However, little is known about whom adolescents seek, whether and how such support helps youth, and the factors that predict which sources are sought. This chapter offers a conceptual model of guided cognitive reframing that emphasizes the behavioral, cognitive, and affective implications of confidant support as well as individual, family, and cultural factors linked to support seeking. We present empirical data from 392 families of 7th graders of Mexican and European ancestry to predict whether adolescents seek mothers, co-resident fathers, and other sources and provide directions for subsequent research. PMID:22407883

Cookston, Jeffrey T; Olide, Andres F.; Adams, Michele; Fabricius, William V.; Braver, Sanford L.; Parke, Ross D.

2013-01-01

232

A Guide for Instruction in Communication. Grades K-13. (The Language Arts in Constant Interaction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: K-13. SUBJECT MATTER: Language arts. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide is divided into four sections, one each for listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Each section is laid out in two columns: language behavior and learning experiences. The guide is printed and staple bound with a paper cover. OBJECTIVES AND…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.

233

The mysterious atmosphere of the Earth. ATLAS: Instruction guide with activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This teacher's guide presents lesson plans addressing various aspects of atmospheric physics and chemistry; the interactions between land, air, and sea; air pollution; and the mechanisms of climate change. The science concepts in this guide have been designed to complement the middle school curriculum. However, many activities can be used with younger or older students.

1993-01-01

234

Indian River County Environmental Education Instructional Guide. Language Arts and Social Studies, Sixth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one in a series for teachers, students, and community members to help them utilize community resources in developing and teaching environmental concepts, responsibility, and problem solving. This particular guide focuses on social studies and language arts aspects of environmental education for sixth graders. Background information…

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

235

A Comprehensive, Informational, Instructional Guide for the Implementation of Manufacturing in the Public School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of industry and technology are important in our society, and industrial arts in public schools is undergoing evaluation and curriculum revision in order to guide youth toward choosing and preparing for an occupation. The "manufacturing" approach used in the guide is suggested as one way toward the integration of students with their…

State Univ. of New York, Oswego. Coll. at Oswego. Dept. of Industrial Arts and Technology.

236

Cultures of the Non-Western World. Grade 9. Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents nine units for the study of world cultures in the ninth grade. The guide has been designed as one component of an ongoing comprehensive social studies program. Among the social sciences concepts which the units develop are cultural diffusion, prejudice, task specialization, urbanization, nationalism, and ethics.…

West Chester School District, PA.

237

The effect of matching and mismatching cognitive style and science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the effect of matching learners' cognitive styles with science learning activities on science knowledge and attitudes. Fifty-six elementary education majors who were identified as Sensing Feeling types on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator participated in this study. The Sensing Feeling type is predominant among elementary school educators. The subjects participated in either nine science activities matched to the learning preferences of Sensing Feelers or nine science activities mismatched to their learning preferences. These mismatched activities were geared toward the learning preferences of Intuitive Thinkers, the dominant type among scientists. Results revealed no significant differences between matched and mismatched groups in knowledge of the material presented or overall attitude toward science and toward science teaching. Comparisons made subsequent to the hypothesized analyses did suggest that cognitive style may affect reactions to certain specific learning activities. The immediate reactions of forty non-Sensing Feeling types who also experienced the treatments were compared to those of the 56 Sensing Feeling subjects. Certain activities which were rated by judges prior to the onset of treatment as being particularly well-matched to the Sensing Feeling style did receive significantly more favorable ratings by the Sensing Feeling subjects than by other types. Conversely, the Sensing Feelers gave significantly lower ratings than other types to certain activities which, according to independent judges, were strongly mismatched to the Sensing Feeling style.

Conwell, Catherine R.; Helgeson, Stanley L.; Wachowiak, Dale G.

238

Laboratory Manual (For Concrete Instruction Course); Instructor's Guide, Pilot Program Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This laboratory manual, prepared for a 2-year program in junior colleges and technical institutes, is designed to accompany the instructional materials to train persons for employment as technicians in the cement and concrete industries. Included are 16 laboratory assignments for each of the following: (1) Principles of Concrete, (2) Concrete in…

Portland Cement Association, Cleveland, OH.

239

Explicitly Teaching Social Skills Schoolwide: Using a Matrix to Guide Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socially skilled students are more successful in school. Just like academic skills, social skills need to be explicitly taught. Students, including students who display at-risk behavior, benefit when social skills instruction is delivered schoolwide as part of a comprehensive intervention approach. This article presents a seven-step action…

Simonsen, Brandi; Myers, Diane; Everett, Susannah; Sugai, George; Spencer, Rebecca; LaBreck, Chris

2012-01-01

240

The Systematic Development of Instruction: An Overview and Basic Guide to the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The systems approach in education is a management tool that allows individuals to examine all aspects of a problem, to interrelate the effects of one set of decisions to another, and to optimally use the resources at hand to solve the problem. Five systems approaches which have been used in the successful development of instruction at the…

Twelker, Paul A.; And Others

241

Laboratory Instructions and Study Guide for Human Anatomy. Part Two, Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the process of studying the specific course content of human anatomy, students are being educated to expand their vocabulary, learn to deal successfully with complex tasks, and use a specific way of thinking. This is the second volume in a set of laboratory instructions and study notes which are designed to accompany a lecture series in…

Conrey, Kathleen

242

Informed Choices for Struggling Adolescent Readers: A Research-Based Guide to Instructional Programs and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive resource arms classroom teachers and administrators with information to meet today's adolescent literacy challenges. In Part I, the authors highlight research on what works with adolescent learners and discuss how to implement instructional programs to fit the unique needs of specific schools or districts. Part II presents a…

Deshler, Donald D.; Palincsar, Annemarie Sullivan; Biancarosa, Gina; Nair, Marnie

2007-01-01

243

Environmental Design: Instructional Guide and Resource for Elementary and Secondary School Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional units with suggested resources and appropriate activities for teaching environmental design to students in grades 6-12 are presented. An overview of program goals and suggested environmental awareness exercises and projects is followed by six illustrative units. The first unit (grade 6) focuses on environmental awareness and…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

244

Discrimination and Instructional Comprehension: Guided Discretion, Racial Bias, and the Death Penalty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study links two previously unrelated lines of research: the lack of comprehension of capital penalty-phase jury instructions and discriminatory death sentencing. Jury-eligible subjects were randomly assigned to view one of four versions of a simulated capital penalty trial in which the race of defendant (Black or White) and the race of victim (Black or White) were varied orthogonally. Dependent

Mona Lynch; Craig Haney

2000-01-01

245

The Young Voter: A Guide to Instruction About Voter Behavior and Elections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this volume is to provide information and ideas which might contribute to the improvement of secondary school instruction about voter behavior and elections. The focus is on the real political world and why people behave as they do. Facts and ideas are drawn from the work of social scientists, and the questions raised are those…

Patrick, John J.; Glenn, Allen D.

246

Validation Guide for Field Testing Texas Child Development Associate (CDA) Instructional Mateirals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual outlines the process for evaluating a series of instructional materials for college-based training of the Child Development Associate (CDA) in Texas. Chapter I offers a discussion of the need for child care worker training in Texas and provides background information on the development of both the national and the Texas CDA pilot…

Carroll, E. Caroline

247

Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Air Conditioning, Refrigeration, and Heating (Environmental Control System Installer/Servicer). Edition I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This articulation guide contains 17 units of instruction for the first year of a two-year vocational program designed to prepare the high school graduate to install, maintain, and repair various types of residential and commercial heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration equipment. The units are to introduce the student to fundamental theories…

Henderson, William Edward, Jr., Ed.

248

Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, Vol. II, Part A. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide, designed for use with the curriculum, Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, represents a two-year wastewater technology instructional program based on performance objectives designed to prepare undergraduate students to enter occupations in water and wastewater treatment plant operations and maintenance. This…

Stoakes, K. C.; And Others

249

Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, Vol. II, Part B. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide, designed for use with the curriculum, Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, represents a two-year wastewater technology instructional program based on performance objectives designed to prepare undergraduate students to enter occupations in water and wastewater treatment plant operations and maintenance. This…

Stoakes, K. C.; And Others

250

Visionlink Online Booking Instruction Guide For online support: 1-877-385-6415 obt@vision2000.ca Create a Login and Password  

E-print Network

Visionlink Online Booking Instruction Guide For online support: 1-877-385-6415 obt@vision2000.ca to activate your account along with a temporary password. If you are not sure how to start check with travel Look at the Weather section 3 Explore the Travel Info section. 4 Locate the Trip List section. Section

Barthelat, Francois

251

Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, Vol. II, Part D. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide, designed for use with the curriculum, Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, represents a two-year wastewater technology instructional program based on performance objectives designed to prepare undergraduate students to enter occupations in water and wastewater treatment plant operations and maintenance. This…

Stoakes, K. C.; And Others

252

Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, Vol. II, Part C. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide, designed for use with the curriculum, Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, represents a two-year wastewater technology instructional program based on performance objectives designed to prepare undergraduate students to enter occupations in water and wastewater treatment plant operations and maintenance. This…

Stoakes, K. C.; And Others

253

Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, Vol. II, Part E. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide, designed for use with the curriculum, Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, represents a two-year wastewater technology instructional program based on performance objectives designed to prepare undergraduate students to enter occupations in water and wastewater treatment plant operations and maintenance. This…

Stoakes, K. C.; And Others

254

Modeling Instruction Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Arizona State University's modeling instruction and software development research. This approach to reform of curriculum design and teaching methodology has been guided by a Modeling Theory of Physics Instruction.

Hestenes, David

2003-10-10

255

In search for instructional techniques to maximize the use of germane cognitive resources: A case of teaching complex tasks in physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to introduce an instructional technique for teaching complex tasks in physics, test its effectiveness and efficiency, and understand cognitive processes taking place in learners' minds while they are exposed to this technique. The study was based primarily on cognitive load theory (CLT). CLT determines the amount of total cognitive load imposed on a learner by a learning task as combined intrinsic (invested in comprehending task complexity) and extraneous (wasteful) cognitive load. Working memory resources associated with intrinsic cognitive load are defined as germane resources caused by element interactivity that lead to learning, in contrast to extraneous working memory resources that are devoted to dealing with extraneous cognitive load. However, the amount of learner's working memory resources actually devoted to a task depends on how well the learner is engaged in the learning environment. Since total cognitive load has to stay within limits of working memory capacity, both extraneous and intrinsic cognitive load need to be reduced. In order for effective learning to occur, the use of germane cognitive resources should be maximized. In this study, the use of germane resources was maximized for two experimental groups by providing a learning environment that combined problem-solving procedure with prompts to self-explain with and without completion problems. The study tested three hypotheses and answered two research questions. The first hypothesis predicting that experimental treatments would reduce total cognitive load was not supported. The second hypothesis predicting that experimental treatments would increase performance was supported for the self-explanation group only. The third hypothesis that tested efficiency measure as adopted from Paas and van Merrienboer (1993) was not supported. As for the research question of whether the quality of self-explanations would change with time for the two experimental conditions, it was determined that time had a positive effect on such quality. The research question that investigated learners' attitudes towards the instructions revealed that experimental groups understood the main idea behind the suggested technique and positively reacted to it. The results of the study support the conclusions that (a) prompting learners to self-explain while independently solving problems can increase performance, especially on far transfer questions; (b) better performance is achieved in combination with increased mental effort; (c) self-explanations do not increase time on task; and (d) quality of self-explanations can be improved with time. Results based on the analyses of learners' attitudes further support that learners in the experimental groups understood the main idea behind the suggested techniques and positively reacted to them. The study also raised concern about application of efficiency formula for instructional conditions that increase both performance and mental effort in CLT. As a result, an alternative model was suggested to explain the relationship between performance and mental effort based on Yerkes-Dodson law (1908). Keywords: instructional design, cognitive load, complex tasks, problem-solving, self-explanation.

Sliva, Yekaterina

256

Assist Program 1: The Moderately/Severely Handicapped. Teacher's Guide. ASSIST: Associate Instructional Support for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second of two documents designed for training paraprofessionals to work with moderately and severely/profoundly handicapped students, the teacher's guide presents information on preservice and inservice education. Preservice information to be read by the paraprofessional touches on the following topics (sample subtopics in parentheses):…

Brantlinger, Ellen; And Others

257

Cold Climate Gardening and Root Cellaring in Alaska: An Instructional Guide. Agricultural Education Publication No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide contains three units for teaching gardening and root cellaring in Alaska. The units are intended to be used in long-term gardening projects so students can learn fundamental principles and techniques and apply them to a gardening situation. Each unit contains an overview that provides a basic framework for understanding the…

Weston, Shann C.; Kirts, Carla A.

258

Units of Instruction for Office Duplication Practices. Volume II. [Teacher's Guide]. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen units on office duplication practices are presented in this teacher's guide. The unit topics include the following: consumer mathematics, stock record control, paper characteristics and classification, immovable carriage typewriter, using the manual typewriter, written communications, clerical recordkeeping, petty cash, supplementary…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

259

Language Arts Basic Skills: Middle/Junior High. Secondary Education Instructional Resource Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Produced in response to a school board's directive to develop a plan for implementing a standardized curriculum in the basic subjects on a district-wide basis, this resource guide is intended to provide teachers with ideas and materials that will assist them in teaching a language arts basic skills course for middle school and junior high school…

Meehan, Anna, Comp.

260

Home Economics Education Guide for Instruction Preparatory to Entering Food Service Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher directed home economics education guide is planned to prepare high school students for entrance into food service occupations upon completion of high school. Course length includes two periods daily from one to three years, with on-the-job training recommended. It is recommended that students complete one or two years of a homemaking…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Vocational Education.

261

WAVAI Curriculum Guide for Instruction in Wisconsin High Schools. 1975 Revision. Bulletin No. 5011.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to aid the development of vocational education programs in agriculture in local school districts. Major program objectives, good learning conditions, program evaluation, suggested teaching methods, and Wisconsin's philosophy and procedures in developing occupational experience programs in vocational agriculture/agribusiness…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Bureau for Career and Manpower Development.

262

Building Trades Modules. Vocational Behavioral Objectives: A Guide for Individualizing Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide focuses on the building trades at the secondary level of education and industrial arts. It addresses the subject in behavioral terms, as prominent components of the career education concept. Presenting five skill modules, painting, carpentry, brick/stonemasonry, electrical, and plumbing/pipefitting, the objectives presented…

Westinghouse Learning Corp., New York, NY.

263

Metal Trades Modules. Vocational Behavioral Objectives: A Guide for Individualizing Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide focuses on the metal trades area at the secondary level of vocational education and industrial arts. It addresses the subject in behavioral terms, as prominent components of the career education concept. Presenting two skill modules, sheetmetal working and welding, the objectives presented are designed to be compatible with…

Westinghouse Learning Corp., New York, NY.

264

A User's Guide to AMR1D: An Instructional Adaptive Mesh Refinement Code for Unstructured Grids  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the code AMR1D, which is currently posted on the World Wide Web (http://sdcd.gsfc.nasa.gov/ESS/exchange/contrib/de-fainchtein/adaptive _mesh_refinement.html). AMR1D is a one-dimensional finite element fluid-dynamics solver, capable of adaptive mesh refinement (AMR). It was written as an instructional tool for AMR on unstructured mesh codes. It is meant to illustrate the minimum requirements for AMR on more than one dimension. For that purpose, it uses the same type of data structure that would be necessary on a two-dimensional AMR code (loosely following the algorithm described by Lohner).

deFainchtein, Rosalinda

1996-01-01

265

Cognitive-Behavioral Guided Self-Help for the Treatment of Recurrent Binge Eating  

PubMed Central

Objective Despite proven efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating eating disorders with binge eating as the core symptom, few patients receive CBT in clinical practice. Our blended efficacy-effectiveness study sought to evaluate whether a manual-based guided self-help form of CBT (CBT-GSH), delivered in 8 sessions in a Health Maintenance Organization setting over a 12-week period by masters level interventionists, is more effective than treatment as usual (TAU). Method In all, 123 individuals (mean age = 37.2, 91.9% female, 96.7% non-Hispanic White) were randomized, including 10.6% with bulimia nervosa (BN), 48% with Binge Eating Disorder (BED), and 41.4% with recurrent binge eating in the absence of BN or BED. Baseline, post-treatment, and 6- and 12 month follow-up data were used in intent-to-treat analyses. At 12-month follow-up, CBT-GSH resulted in greater abstinence from binge eating (64.2%) than TAU (44.6%, Number Needed to Treat = 5), as measured by the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE, Fairburn & Cooper, 1993). Secondary outcomes reflected greater improvements in the CBT-GSH group in dietary restraint (d = .30), eating-, shape-, and weight concern (d’s = .54, 1.01, .49) (measured by the EDE-Questionnaire, respectively, Fairburn & Beglin, 2008), depression (d = .56) (Beck Depression Inventory, Beck, Steer, & Garbin, 1988), and social adjustment (d = .58) (Work and Social Adjustment Scale, Mundt, Marks, Shear, & Greist, 2002), but not weight change. Conclusions CBT-GSH is a viable first-line treatment option for the majority of patients with recurrent binge eating who do not meet diagnostic criteria for BN or anorexia nervosa. PMID:20515207

Striegel-Moore, Ruth H.; Wilson, G. Terence; DeBar, Lynn; Perrin, Nancy; Lynch, Frances; Rosselli, Francine; Kraemer, Helena C.

2010-01-01

266

Guided internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for generalized anxiety disorder: a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has been effectively treated with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in face-to face settings. Internet-delivered CBT could be a way to increase the accessibility and affordability of CBT for people suffering from GAD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of guided Internet-delivered CBT for GAD in a controlled trial with a wait-list control group. A total of 89 participants were included following online screening and a structured psychiatric telephone interview. Participants were randomized to either an 8-week treatment group (n = 44) or a wait-list control group (n = 45). Treatment consisted of a self-help program based on CBT principles and applied relaxation along with therapist guidance. The main outcome measure was the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Ratings of clinical improvement and symptoms were included as well as secondary outcome measures dealing with anxiety, depression, and quality of life. Among the treatment group participants, 13.6% did not complete the posttreatment measures. The treatment group showed significant improvement compared with the control group on all outcome measures. Large effect sizes (Cohen's d > 0.8) were found both within the treatment group and between the groups in favor of the treatment on all outcome measures except on a measure of quality of life. Results at 1- and 3-year follow-up indicated that treatment results improved or were maintained. The authors conclude that Internet-delivered CBT with therapist support can reduce symptoms and problems related to GAD. PMID:21770848

Paxling, Björn; Almlöv, Jonas; Dahlin, Mats; Carlbring, Per; Breitholtz, Elisabeth; Eriksson, Thomas; Andersson, Gerhard

2011-01-01

267

Examining the Relationships of Different Cognitive Load Types Related to User Interface in Web-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposes a new instrument to measure cognitive load types related to user interface and demonstrates theoretical assumptions about different load types. In reconsidering established cognitive load theory, the inadequacies of the theory are criticized in terms of the adaption of learning efficiency score and distinction of cognitive load…

Cheon, Jongpil; Grant, Michael

2012-01-01

268

Effects of tactual and kinesthetic instructional resources on simple recall and higher-level cognitive science achievement and attitudes toward science of third-grade suburban students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This researcher investigated the effects of tactual and kinesthetic instructional resources on the simple recall and higher-level cognitive science achievement and attitudes toward science of third-grade suburban students in a northern New Jersey school district. The Learning Style Inventory (LSI) (Dunn, Dunn, & Price, 1996) was administered to ascertain the identity of the learning-style perceptual preferences of all 59 third-graders who completed the three science units. Each of the three classes was presented two science units using learning-style instructional resources; one science unit was taught using traditional methods. All three science units were completed in a six-week period. Students were administered a pretest and posttest for each science unit and the Semantic Differential Scale (Pizzo, 1981) at the conclusion of each science unit. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) assessed the effects of treatments and attitudes toward science. The statistical analysis of this study revealed a significant difference (p < 0.0001) between students' simple recall science achievement posttest scores when taught tactually and/or kinesthetically compared to when they were taught science traditionally. Furthermore, the Contingency Table analysis, using Fisher's Exact Test indicated a significant difference (p = 0.00008) between the higher-level cognitive science achievement posttest scores when students are taught science tactually and/or kinesthetically compared to when they are taught science traditionally. The findings of this study supported the view when tactual and/or kinesthetic methods were employed, higher achievement gains were realized for simple recall and higher-level cognitive science achievement. Further recommendations called for a reexamination of science instructional methods employed in our elementary classroom.

Searson, Robert Francis

269

Optimizing the orchestration of resemiotization with teacher "talk moves": A model of guided-inquiry instruction in middle school science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current conceptualization of science set forth by the National Research Council (2008) is one of science as a social activity, rather than a view of science as a fixed body of knowledge. This requires teachers to consider how communication, processing, and meaning-making contribute to science learning. It also requires teachers to think deeply about what constitutes knowledge and understanding in science, and what types of instruction are most conducive to preparing students to participate meaningfully in the society of tomorrow. Because argumentation is the prominent form of productive talk leading to the building of new scientific knowledge, one indicator of successful inquiry lies in students' abilities to communicate their scientific understandings in scientific argumentation structures. The overarching goal of this study is to identify factors that promote effective inquiry-based instruction in middle school science classrooms, as evidenced in students' abilities to engage in quality argumentation with their peers. Three specific research questions were investigated: (1) What factors do teachers identify in their practice as significant to the teaching and learning of science? (2) What factors do students identify as significant to their learning of science? and (3) What factors affect students' opportunities and abilities to achieve sophisticated levels of argumentation in the classroom? Two teachers and forty students participated in this study. Four principle sources of data were collected over a three-month period of time. These included individual teacher interviews, student focus group interviews, fieldnotes, and approximately 85 hours of classroom videotape. From this sample, four pathways for guided-inquiry instruction are identified. Opportunities for student talk were influenced by a combination of factors located in the domains of "teacher practice," "classroom systems," and "physical structures." Combinations of elements from these three dimensions also affected the quality of student argumentation, as measured on a five-point rubric developed for analysis. Of the four pathways, one in particular is identified as a model of "best practice," leading to the highest levels of argumentation resulting from opportunities for student resemiotization mediated by teacher "talk moves."

Millstone, Rachel Diana

270

Cultural Adaptation of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy Guided Self-Help Program for Mexican American Women With Binge Eating Disorders  

PubMed Central

Data on the compatibility of evidence-based treatment in ethnic minority groups are limited. This study utilized focus group interviews to elicit Mexican American women’s (N = 12) feedback on a cognitive behavior therapy guided self-help program for binge eating disorders. Findings revealed 6 themes to be considered during the cultural adaptation process and highlighted the importance of balancing the fidelity and cultural relevance of evidence-based treatment when disseminating it across diverse racial/ethnic groups. PMID:23645969

Shea, Munyi; Cachelin, Fary; Uribe, Luz; Striegel, Ruth H.; Thompson, Douglas; Wilson, G. Terence

2013-01-01

271

Instructional Rounds in Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Instructional Rounds in Action" is an invaluable guide for those involved in implementing instructional rounds as the foundation and framework for systemic improvement in schools. Over the past few years, districts across the United States, Canada, and Australia have begun implementing "instructional rounds," a set of ideas and practices for…

Roberts, John E.

2012-01-01

272

Understanding Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…

Milburn, Val

273

Effects of Explicit Instruction in Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategies on Iranian EFL Students' Reading Performance and Strategy Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the impact of explicit teaching of reading strategies on English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) students' reading performance in Iran. The study employed a questionnaire adapted from Chamot and O'Malley's (1994) cognitive and metacognitive strategies framework. To test the effects of explicit teaching of cognitive and…

Aghaie, Reza; Zhang, Lawrence Jun

2012-01-01

274

Using the MATRICS to guide development of a preclinical cognitive test battery for research in schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

Cognitive deficits in schizophrenia are among the core symptoms of the disease, correlate with functional outcome, and are not well treated with current antipsychotic therapies. In order to bring together academic, industrial, and governmental bodies to address this great ‘unmet therapeutic need’, the NIMH sponsored the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia (MATRICS) initiative. Through careful factor analysis and consensus of expert opinion, MATRICS identified seven domains of cognition that are deficient in schizophrenia (attention/vigilance, working memory, reasoning and problem solving, processing speed, visual learning and memory, verbal learning and memory, and social cognition) and recommended a specific neuropsychological test battery to probe these domains. In order to move the field forward and outline an approach for translational research, there is a need for a “preclinical MATRICS” to develop a rodent test battery that is appropriate for drug development. In this review, we outline such an approach and review current rodent tasks that target these seven domains of cognition. The rodent tasks are discussed in terms of their validity for probing each cognitive domain as well as a brief overview of the pharmacology and manipulations relevant to schizophrenia for each task. PMID:19269307

YOUNG, Jared W; POWELL, Susan; RISBROUGH, Victoria; MARSTON, Hugh M; GEYER, Mark A

2009-01-01

275

Case study of the implementation of cognitive coaching by an instructional coach in a Title 1 elementary school  

E-print Network

) influence of the campus leadership, (3) teacher'Ă?Â?s willingness or resistance to change educational practice, (4) relational trust, (5) influence on instructional change, and (6) increased student achievement. This research study offers implications...

Reed, Linda A.

2007-09-17

276

Evaluation of MRI-TRUS Fusion Versus Cognitive Registration Accuracy for MRI-Targeted, TRUS-Guided Prostate Biopsy.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to compare transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy accuracies of operators with different levels of prostate MRI experience using cognitive registration versus MRI-TRUS fusion to assess the preferred method of TRUS prostate biopsy for MRI-identified lesions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. One hundred patients from a prospective prostate MRI-TRUS fusion biopsy study were reviewed to identify all patients with clinically significant prostate adenocarcinoma (PCA) detected on MRI-targeted biopsy. Twenty-five PCA tumors were incorporated into a validated TRUS prostate biopsy simulator. Three prostate biopsy experts, each with different levels of experience in prostate MRI and MRI-TRUS fusion biopsy, performed a total of 225 simulated targeted biopsies on the MRI lesions as well as regional biopsy targets. Simulated biopsies performed using cognitive registration with 2D TRUS and 3D TRUS were compared with biopsies performed under MRI-TRUS fusion. RESULTS. Two-dimensional and 3D TRUS sampled only 48% and 45% of clinically significant PCA MRI lesions, respectively, compared with 100% with MRI-TRUS fusion. Lesion sampling accuracy did not statistically significantly vary according to operator experience or tumor volume. MRI-TRUS fusion-naďve operators showed consistent errors in targeting of the apex, midgland, and anterior targets, suggesting that there is biased error in cognitive registration. The MRI-TRUS fusion expert correctly targeted the prostate apex; however, his midgland and anterior mistargeting was similar to that of the less-experienced operators. CONCLUSION. MRI-targeted TRUS-guided prostate biopsy using cognitive registration appears to be inferior to MRI-TRUS fusion, with fewer than 50% of clinically significant PCA lesions successfully sampled. No statistically significant difference in biopsy accuracy was seen according to operator experience with prostate MRI or MRI-TRUS fusion. PMID:25539241

Cool, Derek W; Zhang, Xuli; Romagnoli, Cesare; Izawa, Jonathan I; Romano, Walter M; Fenster, Aaron

2015-01-01

277

Instructional Effort Report Completion of the Instructional Effort Report  

E-print Network

I E R Instructional Effort Report Completion of the Instructional Effort Report Description This guide covers the process of completing the Instructional Effort Report. Objective · To compile externally-mandated and internally-useful reports and analyses. Why is there an Instructional Effort Report

Indiana University

278

Measuring Preschool Cognitive Growth while It's Still Happening: The Learning Express  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators need accurate assessments of preschool cognitive growth to guide curriculum design, evaluation, and timely modification of their instructional programs. But available tests do not provide content breadth or growth sensitivity over brief intervals. This article details evidence for a multiform, multiscale test criterion-referenced to…

McDermott, Paul A.; Fantuzzo, John W.; Waterman, Clare; Angelo, Lauren E.; Warley, Heather P.; Gadsden, Vivian L.; Zhang, Xiuyuan

2009-01-01

279

Computer-Aided Laboratory Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This chapter introduces how computer-aided instruction may be used in the biology laboratory setting. Descriptions of programs, suggestions on how to find instructional software, and general guides and resources are included.

Catherine J. Schaap (University of Prince Edward Island; )

1989-06-06

280

The Teacher's Guide to Diversity: Building a Knowledge Base. Volume I: Human Development, Culture, and Cognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the reigning theories of human development and cognition? How are human development and culture related? How does identity development intersect with achievement motivation? What is intelligence? How can our knowledge of human development inform our work as educators working with an increasingly diverse student population? What is known…

Trumbull, Elise; Pacheco, Maria

2005-01-01

281

Anorexia Nervosa and Autism Spectrum Disorders: Guided Investigation of Social Cognitive Endophenotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Death by suicide occurs in a disproportionate percentage of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), with a standardized mortality ratio indicating a 57-fold greater risk of death from suicide relative to an age-matched cohort. Longitudinal studies indicate impaired social functioning increases risk for fatal outcomes, while social impairment persists following recovery. Study of social cognition in AN may elucidate impaired processes

Nancy L. Zucker; Molly Losh; Cynthia M. Bulik; Kevin S. LaBar; Joseph Piven; Kevin A. Pelphrey

2007-01-01

282

Semantics in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience: The Open Instruction Theory of Attitude Report Sentences, Descriptions, and the Necker Cube  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dissertation presents a theory of semantics and pragmatics for both language and vision. I focus on sentences including proper names, descriptions, and attitude report verbs, and on the Necker cube. I propose the Open Instruction Theory (OIT), according to which the linguistic meaning of a sentence and the semantic contribution of visual…

Koralus, Philipp Elias

2010-01-01

283

An Analysis of Instructional Design Conditions Using E-Books for E-Learning: Community College Students' Cognitive Load Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities are trending towards displacing traditional printed textbooks (p-books) with electronic textbooks (e-books), even though an incomplete body of knowledge exists about the learning value of using e-books as instructional materials. As a result, this dissertation study was conducted to determine if digital textbooks are as…

Taylor, Sharon A.

2011-01-01

284

Switching Cognitive Gears: Problem-Based Learning and Success-Based Learning as Instructional Frameworks in Leadership Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article aims to reinterpret principal preparatory programs to also include the collective learning-from-success process (success-based learning), thus providing a complementary instructional framework on how to prepare principals for today's public school reality. Design/methodology/approach: The discussion reviews the core…

Schechter, Chen

2011-01-01

285

How does high stakes testing influence teachers' classroom instruction?: Institutional pressures and classroom instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined how a total of eight math and science elementary school teachers changed their classroom instruction in response to high stakes and low stakes testing in one school district. The district introduced new assessment in the school year of 2005--06 to meet the requirement set forth by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)---that the assessment should be aligned with the state academic standards. I conducted interviews with teachers and school administrators at two elementary schools, district officials, and a representative of a non-profit organization during the school year 2007--08 to examine how the new assessment introduced in 2005--06 had shaped classroom instruction. Concepts from New Institutional Theory and cognitive approaches to policy implementation guided the design of this study. This study focused on how materials and activities associated with high stakes testing promoted ideas about good instruction, and how these ideas were carried to teachers. The study examined how teachers received messages about instruction and how they responded to the messages. The study found that high stakes testing influenced teachers' classroom instruction more than low stakes testing; however, the instructional changes teachers made in response to state testing was at the content level. The teachers' instructional strategies did not change. The teachers' instructional changes varied with the degree of implementation of existing math curriculum and with the degree of support they received in understanding the meaning of assessment results. The study concluded that, among the six teachers I studied, high stakes testing was not a sufficient intervention for changing teachers' instructional strategies. The study also addressed the challenges of aligning instructional messages across assessment, standards, and curriculum.

Yamashita, Mika Yoder

2011-12-01

286

Writing Reviews of Family Literature: Guiding Students Using Bloom's Taxonomy of Cognitive Objectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model for guiding students in writing reviews of family literature is presented. The conceptual base for the model is drawn from Bloom and associates' (1956) taxonomy of educational objectives. A survey of advisors addressing the skills of their graduate students in writing literature reviews is reported. The findings supported the hierarchical nature of the taxonomy and demonstrated similarities across

Mark J. Benson; Michael J. Sporakowski; Andrew J. Stremmel

287

Comparison of Six- and Eight-Session Cognitive Guided Self-Help for Bulimia Nervosa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A previous case-series evaluation of a six-session guided self-help (GSH) approach with 15 people with bulimia nervosa (BN) showed significant reductions across all measures, including binge eating, self-induced vomiting, weight concern, shape concern and dietary restraint. However, the reduction of binge eating and self-induced vomiting was…

Furber, Gareth; Steele, Anna; Wade, Tracey D.

2004-01-01

288

Feasibility of guided cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) self-help for childhood anxiety disorders in primary care.  

PubMed

Anxiety disorders in childhood are common, disabling and run a chronic course. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is effective but expensive and trained therapists are scarce. Guided self-help treatments may be a means of widening access to treatment. This study aimed to examine the feasibility of guided CBT self-help in primary care for childhood anxiety disorders, specifically in terms of therapist adherence, patient and therapist satisfaction and clinical gain.Participants were children aged between five and 12 years referred to two primary child and adolescent mental health services (PCAMHSs) in Oxfordshire, UK, who met diagnostic criteria for a primary anxiety disorder. Of the 52 eligible children, 41 anxious children were assessed for anxiety severity and interference before and after receiving CBT self-help delivered via a parent (total therapy time = five hours) by primary mental health workers (PMHWs). Therapy sessions were rated for treatment adherence and parents and PMHWs completed satisfaction questionnaires after treatment completion. Over 80% of therapy sessions were rated at a high level of treatment adherence. Parents and PMHWs reported high satisfaction with the treatment. Sixty-one percent of the children assessed no longer met the criteria for their primary anxiety disorder diagnosis following treatment, and 76% were rated as 'much'/'very much' improved on the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I) scale. There were significant reductions on parent and child report measures of anxiety symptoms, interference and depression. Preliminary exploration indicated that parental anxiety was associated with child treatment outcome. The findings suggest that guided CBT self-help represents a promising treatment for childhood anxiety in primary care. PMID:22477922

Creswell, Cathy; Hentges, Francoise; Parkinson, Monika; Sheffield, Paul; Willetts, Lucy; Cooper, Peter

2010-03-01

289

Learners Cognitive Style and Levels of Learning in Television and Print Instruction for Use in Open Learning: An Exploratory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between academic achievement, rote learning, learning for understanding, cognitive style, and the medium of presentation (print versus television) for adult students in lifelong learning situations. A content learning package was prepared for presentation in the two media and…

Danielson, J. E.; Seiler, William J.

290

Effects of Cognitive Styles on an MSN Virtual Learning Companion System as an Adjunct to Classroom Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study designed a chatbot system, Confucius, as a MSN virtual learning companion to examine how specific application design variables within educational software affect the learning process of subjects as defined by the cognitive continuum of field-dependent and field-independent learners. 104 college students participated in a 12 week…

Hsieh, Sheng-Wen

2011-01-01

291

A Planning Guide to the Preschool Curriculum: The Child, The Process, The Day. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major part of this preschool curriculum planning guide consists of 44 units focusing on six areas of skill development: fine motor, gross motor, social, self-help, language, and cognitive. Introducing the units are brief discussions of the curriculum in general and the unit approach to instruction. Most units include approximately five…

Sanford, Anne R.; And Others

292

Augmenting on-screen instructions with micro-projected guides: when it works, and when it fails  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a study that evaluates the effectiveness of augmenting on-screen instructions with micro-projection for manual task guidance unlike prior work, which replaced screen instructions with alternative modalities (e.g., head-mounted displays). In our study, 30 participants completed 10 trials each of 11 manual tasks chosen to represent a set of common task-components (e.g., cutting, folding) found in many everyday activities

Stephanie Rosenthal; Shaun K. Kane; Jacob O. Wobbrock; Daniel Avrahami

2010-01-01

293

Switching cognitive gears : Problem-based learning and success-based learning as instructional frameworks in leadership education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article aims to reinterpret principal preparatory programs to also include the collective learning-from-success process (success-based learning), thus providing a complementary instructional framework on how to prepare principals for today's public school reality. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The discussion reviews the core leadership capacities for today's and tomorrow's principalship and the need to rethink principal preparatory programs accordingly. The interrelationship

Chen Schechter

2011-01-01

294

Affective Consequences of Mathematics Instruction for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affective consequences of two types of mathematics instruction, guiding instruction and directing instruction, were studied for two types of students with special needs: mildly mentally retarded students and students with specific learning disabilities. Seventy students were instructed in small groups in either a guiding or a directing instruction

Milo, Bauke F.; Seegers, Gerard; Ruijssenaars, Wied A. J. J. M.; Vermeer, Harriet J.

2004-01-01

295

Paradise Valley Unified School District Curriculum Research Study: Part 2. A Cognitive Start in Kindergarten Theory-Research Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Piagetian framework is provided for understanding patterns of cognitive growth and their relation to early reading achievement among kindergarten children. Reference is made to relevant research, including recent Piagetian interpretations of prereading, language, and logical thinking. Instructional strategies are offered to guide kindergarten…

Raph, Jane B.

296

SABAP2 Instructions Quick-start guide This quick-start guide provides you with a summary of the SABAP2 protocol that will allow you  

E-print Network

please refer to the full Instruction Manual which is available to download from the SABAP2 website (www with space to write in the species name and additional comments b. can be downloaded from the SABAP2 website. a dictaphone a. record species without having to write anything down b. you will need to transfer to a Field

de Villiers, Marienne

297

Guiding Students to Develop an Understanding of Scientific Inquiry: A Science Skills Approach to Instruction and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New approaches for teaching and assessing scientific inquiry and practices are essential for guiding students to make the informed decisions required of an increasingly complex and global society. The Science Skills approach described here guides students to develop an understanding of the experimental skills required to perform a scientific…

Stone, Elisa M.

2014-01-01

298

CBT Pilot Program Instructional Guide. Basic Drafting Skills Curriculum Delivered through CAD Workstations and Artificial Intelligence Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist teachers in using computer-aided design (CAD) workstations and artificial intelligence software to teach basic drafting skills. The guide outlines a 7-unit shell program that may also be used as a generic authoring system capable of supporting computer-based training (CBT) in other subject areas. The first section…

Smith, Richard J.; Sauer, Mardelle A.

299

Cognitive interviews guide design of a new CAM patient expectations questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background No consistent relationship exists between pre-treatment expectations and therapeutic benefit from various complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies in clinical trials. However, many different expectancy measures have been used in those studies, with no validated questionnaires clearly focused on CAM and pain. We undertook cognitive interviews as part of a process to develop and validate such a questionnaire. Methods We reviewed questions about expectations of benefits of acupuncture, chiropractic, massage, or yoga for pain. Components of the questions – verbs, nouns, response options, terms and phrases describing back pain – were identified. Using seven different cognitive interview scripts, we conducted 39 interviews to evaluate how individuals with chronic low back pain understood these individual components in the context of expectancy questions for a therapy they had not yet received. Chosen items were those with the greatest agreement and least confusion among participants, and were closest to the meanings intended by the investigators. Results The questionnaire drafted for psychometric evaluation had 18 items covering various domains of expectancy. “Back pain” was the most consistently interpreted descriptor for this condition. The most understandable response options were 0-10 scales, a structure used throughout the questionnaire, with 0 always indicating no change, and 10 anchored with an absolute descriptor such as “complete relief”. The use of words to describe midpoints was found to be confusing. The word “expect” held different and shifting meanings for participants. Thus paired items comparing “hope” and “realistically expect” were chosen to evaluate 5 different aspects of treatment expectations (back pain; back dysfunction and global effects; impact of back pain on specific areas of life; sleep, mood, and energy; coping). “Impact of back pain” on various areas of life was found to be a consistently meaningful concept, and more global than “interference”. Conclusions Cognitive interviews identified wordings with considerable agreement among both participants and investigators. Some items widely used in clinical studies had different meanings to participants than investigators, or were confusing to participants. The final 18-item questionnaire is undergoing psychometric evaluation with goals of streamlining as well as identifying best items for use when questionnaire length is constrained. PMID:24460709

2014-01-01

300

Japanese Language Program Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents the philosophy, goals, and objectives, as well as the scope and sequence of Japanese language instruction at the secondary level for the public schools of Hawaii. The guide is intended to aid schools in developing their own instructional program and objectives. The six chapters of the guide treat the following points: (1)…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

301

A neurological model of sensory-motor problem solving with possible implications for higher-order cognition and instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Grossberg's neural modeling principles of learning, perception, cognition, and motor control are presented as the basis for construction of a neurological model of sensory-motor problem solving. The pattern of problem solving is assumed to be universal, thus is sought in the higher-order shift from the child's use of an additive strategy to the adolescent's use of a proportions strategy to solve the Pouring Water Task (Suarez and Rhonheimer, 1974). Possible neurological principles involved in this shift and in the process of psychological equilibration are discussed as are possible educational implications.

Lawson, Anton E.

302

Differentiating in Number & Operations: A Guide for Ongoing Assessment, Grouping Students, Targeting Instruction, and Adjusting Levels of Cognitive Demand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differentiating is good teaching. As a math intervention tool, it's power packed. And as a math acceleration instrument it's unbeatable. And differentiation doesn't have to be difficult. Not with "Differentiation in Number & Operations and the Other Math Content Standards, PreK-Grade 2". The author's five-volume series shows you easy and effective…

Taylor-Cox, Jennifer

2008-01-01

303

A Case Study of Principal Leadership in Guiding School and Classroom Instructional Practices in an Urban School of Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study seeks to explore the leadership practices of the principal in a high performing urban school of diversity. Generally speaking, instructional leader effectiveness is often dependent upon the school leader's ability to create an environment where strong professional collaboration, frequent dialogue, and shared norms exist for improving…

Flamini, Richard V.

2010-01-01

304

Client experiences of guided internet cognitive behavior therapy for postpartum depression: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Postpartum depression (PPD) afflicts up to 15 % of women following childbirth and negatively impacts both mother and child. Therapist-assisted internet cognitive behavior therapy (TAICBT) is a promising intervention for the treatment of PPD; however, women's perceptions of TAICBT have not been examined. Responses to 10 open-ended questions from 24 women who received TAICBT for PPD were thematically analyzed. The majority of women expressed that the TAICBT program afforded flexibility, accessibility, and convenience, as well as anonymity and privacy. Some participants described the program as helping them take a step in the right direction and enhance their self-awareness and parenting skills. Participants also described having the internet therapist individualize their treatment. Challenges related to the TAICBT program were also identified by a minority of participants including managing time to log onto the program, the fast pace, completion of homework around childcare duties, and challenges of not having a face-to-face therapist. Participants also made suggestions for future programming. The large majority of participants consistently described their internet therapist favorably; however, challenges related to the internet therapy were also identified. Results should be integrated in the development of future programming. PMID:25109484

Pugh, Nicole E; Hadjistavropoulos, Heather D; Hampton, Amy J D; Bowen, Angela; Williams, Jaime

2014-08-12

305

Lease Approval and Building Aid for Leased School Buildings and Facilities Located Off School Property (Pursuant to CR 155.8). Instruction Guide for Public School Districts Outside of New York City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State regulations allow public school districts outside of New York City to apply for Building Aid on leasing costs involving instructional facilities for grades Pre-K through 12 located off school district property. This guide explains how the districts should proceed when applying for Building Aid on leased facilities. Attached is the…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Facilities Planning.

306

Dynamic Instructional Leadership to Support Student Learning and Development: The Field Guide to Comer Schools in Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are the only universally accessible institutions where there are enough adults to provide continuous support for children's growth, development, and success in life. Using the process pioneered by renowned child psychiatrist Dr. James P. Comer and his colleagues at the Yale School Development Program (SDP), this unique field guide offers…

Joyner, Edward T., Ed.; Ben-Avie, Michael, Ed.; Comer, James P., Ed.

2004-01-01

307

Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Masonry (Bricklaying). Developing Period, July, 1983--June, 1984. Edition I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed to assist vocational educators in presenting an articulated, performance-based course in masonry and bricklaying. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: safety, leadership, job communications, career preparation, desirable learning and work habits and attitudes, basic math…

Henderson, Wm. Edward, Jr., Ed.

308

Using Evaluation to Improve Instruction: Instructor's Guide and Participant's Manual. Teaching Procedures for The New Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet uses materials developed during the High School Geography Project to guide teachers and other participants through the formulation of learning objectives, evaluation of those objectives, use of that evaluation to improve teaching, and the application of the process to the construction of an evaluation instrument. After completing the…

Richburg, Robert W.

309

A Planning Guide for Developing the ESL/ABE Instructional Program. Book 3. Handbook for the ESL/ABE Administrator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The planning guide for developing Adult English as a Second Language Programs focuses on implementing six goals relating to: utilizing community resources, utilizing communication skills, participating in community networks, utilizing occupational advancement opportunities, functioning in multi-cultural life styles, and functioning at individual…

Escobar, Joanna Sculley; Daugherty, John

310

Some Learning and Instructional Theory Considerations for the Development of Computer Related Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents guidelines for developing computer-assisted instructional materials that are based on theoretical instructional theories, including behaviorism; neobehaviorism (imitation and modeling); information processing; cognitive psychology; and learning styles. Guidelines highlight feedback and reinforcement, practice opportunities, sequencing,…

Smith, Peter E.

1989-01-01

311

cial Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction S hematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special M  

E-print Network

SMI cial Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction S hematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special M ruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics In cial Mathematics

Vaswani, Namrata

312

Transfer of Training Principles for Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents evidence to establish that instructional technology applications often result in transfer of training failures, which are attributed to inappropriate mixing of behaviorist and cognitive instructional design models. Specific suggestions are made for instructional design prescriptions that support different levels of transfer for different…

Clark, Richard E.; Voogel, Alexander

1985-01-01

313

Instructional Curriculum Mapping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional Curriculum Mapping (ICM) is a set of guidelines for diagramming the interrelationships among objectives from different domains of learning. Five major learning domains are identified: (1) intellectual skills; (2) cognitive strategies; (3) verbal information; (4) motor skills; and (5) attitudes. This paper examines the functional…

Wager, Walter

314

COATING ALTERNATIVES GUIDE (CAGE) USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The guide provides instructions for using the Coating Alternatives GuidE (CAGE) software program, version 1.0. It assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating an IBM-compatible personal computer (PC) under the Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS). CAGE...

315

Managerial Finance. Unit Study Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-instructional study guide is part of the materials for a college-level programmed course in managerial finance. The study guide is intended for use by students in conjunction with a separate student manual and a series of instructional tape casettes. The study guide contains seven major units that focus in turn on the goal of financial…

Billingham, Carol J.

316

Planning Instruction for Adult Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide outlines a practical six-step procedure to plan education for adult learners. The first chapter outlines the instructional planning procedure, which integrates existing knowledge about how adults learn and the principles of designing instruction and examines the principles of adult learning. The next six chapters describe the following…

Cranton, Patricia

317

Making Bio-Diesel Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These lab instructions provide teachers with the information needed to set up a lab session to make a diesel fuel alternative from a biologically-based oil. Extensive instructions are provided. The guide may be downloaded in PDF file format. Users must create a free login to access the presentation.

Brown, Matthew

2013-07-09

318

Dispenser arm kit for Frac-950 Instructions  

E-print Network

Dispenser arm kit for Frac-950 Instructions Edition AB 56-3153-28 Removing the standard mode. #12;Dispenser arm kit 2 Instructions 56-3153-28 Edition AB Installing the rotating shaft Mounting the dispensing arm 3. Insert and tighten the screw. 1. Fit the shaft to the guide pin. 2. Use the keying guide

Pawlowski, Wojtek

319

Social cognition.  

PubMed

Social cognition concerns the various psychological processes that enable individuals to take advantage of being part of a social group. Of major importance to social cognition are the various social signals that enable us to learn about the world. Such signals include facial expressions, such as fear and disgust, which warn us of danger, and eye gaze direction, which indicate where interesting things can be found. Such signals are particularly important in infant development. Social referencing, for example, refers to the phenomenon in which infants refer to their mothers' facial expressions to determine whether or not to approach a novel object. We can learn a great deal simply by observing others. Much of this signalling seems to happen automatically and unconsciously on the part of both the sender and the receiver. We can learn to fear a stimulus by observing the response of another, in the absence of awareness of that stimulus. By contrast, learning by instruction, rather than observation, does seem to depend upon awareness of the stimulus, since such learning does not generalize to situations where the stimulus is presented subliminally. Learning by instruction depends upon a meta-cognitive process through which both the sender and the receiver recognize that signals are intended to be signals. An example would be the 'ostensive' signals that indicate that what follows are intentional communications. Infants learn more from signals that they recognize to be instructive. I speculate that it is this ability to recognize and learn from instructions rather than mere observation which permitted that advanced ability to benefit from cultural learning that seems to be unique to the human race. PMID:18292063

Frith, Chris D

2008-06-12

320

Master's Program Cognitive Sciences and Technologies  

E-print Network

, learning, cognitive development and cognitive breakdown, the mechanisms of reasoning, language, and problemMaster's Program Cognitive Sciences and Technologies Duration: 2 years Language of instruction: English ECTS credits: 120 Cognitive psychology is an experimental discipline in which we study the origins

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

321

Explicit Instruction Elements in Core Reading Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom teachers are provided instructional recommendations for teaching reading from their adopted core reading programs (CRPs). Explicit instruction elements or what is also called instructional moves, including direct explanation, modeling, guided practice, independent practice, discussion, feedback, and monitoring, were examined within CRP…

Child, Angela R.

2012-01-01

322

Unit of Instruction: Writing, Teaching, Supplementing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was prepared to guide educators in developing curriculum using performance (behavioral) objectives that include content information. The material is presented in three units: writing a unit of instruction, teaching a unit of instruction, and supplementing a unit of instruction. Each unit contains terminal and specific objectives for…

Patton, Bob; And Others

323

Tennis: Group Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a guide to group instruction of basic tennis. Chapter 1 discusses four premises. Chapter 2 illustrates basic strokes, including the forehand and backhand ground strokes, the forehand and backhand volleys, the lob and overhead smash, and the half-volley. Chapter 3 presents methods of teaching the strokes, some corrective techniques,…

United States Lawn Tennis Association, New York, NY.

324

Benefits and Constraints of Distributed Cognition in Foreign Language Learning: Creating a Web-Based Tourist Guide for London  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses the framework of distributed cognition to discuss benefits and constraints of technology adoption and use in social-constructive language learning scenarios. The purposes of this paper are (a) to describe how the open-ended knowledge construction and communication tools TEE (The Electronic Exercise) and EF-editor (Exercise Format…

Narciss, Susanne; Koerndle, Hermann

2008-01-01

325

Instructional Materials for Occupational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource guide of instructional materials is one of two guides developed by 84 occupational education teachers in the State of New York, each experienced with the designated high school population. The assessment instrument developed to evaluate the occupational education materials is included. The occupational education materials are grouped…

State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Cornell Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.

326

A comparison of cognitive strategies in modifying the cognitive style of impulsive third-grade children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed to test the relative effectiveness of two cognitive strategies in the modification of an impulsive cognitive tempo among school-age children. Twenty-four third-grade children were assigned through a three-step randomized block procedure to one of the four following experimental conditions: (1)Scanning Strategy Instructions, (2)Verbal Self-Instructions, (3)Scanning Strategy Instructions plus Verbal Self-Instructions, and (4)Attention Control. The results

John M. Parrish; Marilyn T. Erickson

1981-01-01

327

Effects of instruction in creative problem solving on cognition, creativity, and satisfaction among ninth grade students in an introduction to world agricultural science and technology course  

E-print Network

design. Participants were ninth grade students (n=20) who were enrolled in an Introduction to World Agricultural and Science Technology I course. Posttests were administered to measure low, high, and total levels cognition at the conclusion of the course...

Alexander, Kim Darwin

2007-09-17

328

Seven practical principles for improving patient education: Evidence-based ideas from cognition science.  

PubMed

An important role of the paediatrician is that of a teacher - every clinician is an educator to patients and their families. This education, however, often occurs under difficult or time-pressured learning conditions. The authors present principles derived from three basic theories of human cognition that may help to guide clinicians' instruction of parents and patients. Cognitive load theory holds that an individual's capacity to process information is finite. By controlling information flow rate, decreasing reliance on working memory and removing extraneous cognitive load, learning is improved. Dual code theory suggests that humans have separate cognitive 'channels' for text/audio information versus visual information. By constructing educational messages that take advantage of both channels simultaneously, information uptake may be improved. Multimedia theory is based on the notion that there is an optimal blend of media to accomplish a given learning objective. The authors suggest seven practical strategies that clinicians may use to improve patient education. PMID:24665218

Pusic, Martin V; Ching, Kevin; Yin, Hsiang Shonna; Kessler, David

2014-03-01

329

Cognitive and Guided Mastery Therapies for Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia: 18-Year Long-Term Outcome and Predictors of Long-Term Change.  

PubMed

In this study, we wished to compare the long-term outcome of (medication-free) panic disorder with agoraphobia patients randomized to cognitive or guided mastery therapy. Thirty-one (67.4%) of 46 patients who had completed treatment were followed up about 18?years after end of treatment. In the combined sample and using intent-to-follow-up analyses, there were large within-group effect sizes of -1.79 and -1.63 on the primary interview-based and self-report outcome measures of avoidance of situations when alone, and 56.5% no longer had a panic disorder and/or agoraphobia diagnosis. No outcome differences between the two treatments emerged. Guided mastery was associated with greater beneficial changes in catastrophic beliefs and self-efficacy. For two of five outcome measures, more reduction in panic-related beliefs about physical and mental catastrophes from pre- to post-treatment predicted lower level of anxiety from post-treatment to 18-year follow-up when the effect of treatment changes in (a) self-efficacy and (b) anxiety was controlled. However, for one of the outcome measures, this effect attenuated with time. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25452222

Hoffart, Asle; Hedley, Liv M; Svanře, Karol; Sexton, Harold

2014-12-01

330

Impact of Guided-Inquiry-Based Instruction with a Writing and Reflection Emphasis on Chemistry Students' Critical Thinking Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) laboratory instruction approach has been used successfully over a decade to engage students in laboratory activities. SWH-based instruction emphasizes knowledge construction through individual writing and reflection, and collaborative learning as a group. In the SWH approach, writing is a core component of…

Gupta, Tanya; Burke, K. A.; Mehta, Akash; Greenbowe, Thomas J.

2015-01-01

331

A Competency-Based Instructional Program for Plant Process Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide provides materials to prepare learners for employment as Process Plant Operators through classroom instruction and practical shop experience. Contents include instructional goal and subgoals, an instructional analysis that describes development of the materials and instructional equipment and supplies and facilities…

McDaniel, Joy; Mills, Steven

332

ADU Guide 3 Third edition  

E-print Network

of Cape Town. Birders interested in being involved in projects of theADU should write to:Avian Demography Guide 1. Birds in Reserves Project: Instructions. ADU Guide 2. Bird ringing in southern Africa: Projects for the future. ADU Guide 4. Frogs and frog atlasing in southern Africa. ADU Guide 5. SAFRING bird ringing manual

de Villiers, Marienne

333

Factors Related to Ethnically and Culturally Diverse Students' Motivation and Perceived Cognitive Learning Outcomes in an Online Instructional Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the nature of communication experienced by ethnically diverse students who participated in an online distance education course. A quantitative survey research design was used to gather data from students enrolled in an online distance education course. The research examined whether the independent variables, (a) instructional

Rowe-Whyte, Ann-Marie Simone

2012-01-01

334

The impact of the pre-instructional cognitive profile on learning gain and final exam of physics courses: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case study described in this paper investigates the relationship among some pre-instructional knowledge, the learning gain and the final physics performance of computing engineering students in the introductory physics course. The results of the entrance engineering test (EET) have been used as a measurement of reading comprehension, logic and mathematics skills and basic physics knowledge of a sample of

Maria Concetta Capizzo; Silvana Nuzzo; Michelangelo Zarcone

2006-01-01

335

The Effects of Meta-Cognitive Instruction on Students' Reading Comprehension in Computerized Reading Contexts: A Quantitative Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehension is the essence of reading. Finding appropriate and effective reading strategies to support students' reading comprehension has always been a critical issue for educators. This article presents findings from a meta-analysis of 17 studies of metacognitive strategy instruction on students' reading comprehension in computerized…

Lan, Yi-Chin; Lo, Yu-Ling; Hsu, Ying-Shao

2014-01-01

336

The Impact of the Pre-Instructional Cognitive Profile on Learning Gain and Final Exam of Physics Courses: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case study described in this paper investigates the relationship among some pre-instructional knowledge, the learning gain and the final physics performance of computing engineering students in the introductory physics course. The results of the entrance engineering test (EET) have been used as a measurement of reading comprehension, logic and…

Capizzo, Maria Concetta; Nuzzo, Silvana; Zarcone, Michelangelo

2006-01-01

337

Differentiation in Data Analysis & Probability, PreK-Grade 2: A Content Companion for Ongoing Assessment, Grouping Students, Targeting Instruction, and Adjusting Levels of Cognitive Demand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book applies the author's easy but effective differentiation strategies to the data analysis and probability content standard. Taking the foundational elements of differentiation in this book, it helps you: (1) assess students' math abilities quickly and efficiently; (2) group children by need; (3) target instruction to meet every student's…

Taylor-Cox, Jennifer

2008-01-01

338

Instruction Manual and Experiment Guide  

E-print Network

/96 STUDENT SPECTROMETER Copyright © January 1991 $7.50 #12;#12;012-02135E Spectrometer ® i Section Page .......................................................................4 Using the Diffraction Grating cover Table of Contents #12;Spectrometer 012-02135E ®ii Credits This manual edited by: Dave Griffith

Bayindir, Mehmet

339

Biotechnology Education: A Multiple Instructional Strategies Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a rationale for inclusion of biotechnology in technology education. Describes an instructional strategy that uses behaviorist, cognitive, and constructivist learning theories in two activities involving photobioreactors and bovine somatotropin (growth hormone). (Contains 39 references.) (SK)

Dunham, Trey; Wells, John; White, Karissa

2002-01-01

340

Brush Busters Mixing Guide  

E-print Network

This easy-to-use guide gives mixing instructions for sprays to control huisache, mesquite, redberry cedar, saltcedar, tallowtree and yucca and to treat hardwood cut stumps. It can easily be attached to a sprayer if desired...

McGinty, Allan; Ueckert, Darrell

2004-02-05

341

Absence of Widespread Psychosocial and Cognitive Effects of School-Based Music Instruction in 10-13-Year-Old Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies demonstrate that private music training has benefits which may transfer to other domains, including verbal memory, intelligence and self-esteem. The current paper reports on the impact of an increase in school-based music training on a range of cognitive and psychosocial measures for 10-13-year-olds in two independent studies. In…

Rickard, Nikki S.; Bambrick, Caroline J.; Gill, Anneliese

2012-01-01

342

The Effect of Accents on Cognitive Load and Achievement: The Relationship between Students' Accent Perception and Accented Voice Instructions in Students' Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how an instructor's accent influences students' learning achievement. Furthermore, this study also explored how students' accent preference may affect their learning. Unlike native voices, accented voices were not natural to the native speakers; therefore, it required more cognitive resources for…

Ahn, Jeahyeon

2010-01-01

343

Driver Education Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for use in high school driver education programs in Frederick County, Maryland, this curriculum guide contains five units for classroom instruction, along with a unit for range driving instruction and one for road driving experience. The five classroom units cover the following topics: preparing to drive, driving skills, the effects of…

Frederick County Board of Education, MD.

344

Science Educator's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this guide is to provide information about instructional techniques, course offerings, evaluation methods, and science budgets relating to science programs in Connecticut schools. The information in the report is divided into the following nine sections: a philosophy for the teaching of science, instructional patterns, science…

Abeles, Sigmund, Ed.; Shackleton, Robert W., Ed.

345

Instructional Architect  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Instructional Architect (IA) is a digital library service developed to support the instructional use of National Science Digital Library (NSDL) and other web resources. Teachers are able to search, select, sequence, annotate and reuse online educational resources to create online instructional projects in the IA environment. IA breaks down the technology barriers and allows teachers with basic computer skills to create online projects and efficiently address their instructional needs.

2009-03-27

346

The Effect of Guided Self-Reflection on Teachers' Technology Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to pilot an instructional planning tool grounded in guided self-reflection on the instructional planning practices and instructional behaviors of a small sample of teachers. I designed the instructional planning tool, which was named the Informed Technology Integration Guide (ITIG). Participants used the instructional

Farber, Susan

2010-01-01

347

Perceptual Learning, Cognition, and Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research indicates that perceptual learning (PL)--experience-induced changes in the way perceivers extract information--plays a larger role in complex cognitive tasks, including abstract and symbolic domains, than has been understood in theory or implemented in instruction. Here, we describe the involvement of PL in complex cognitive tasks…

Kellman, Philip J.; Massey, Christine M.

2013-01-01

348

Absence of widespread psychosocial and cognitive effects of school-based music instruction in 10–13-year-old students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies demonstrate that private music training has benefits which may transfer to other domains, including verbal memory, intelligence and self-esteem. The current paper reports on the impact of an increase in school-based music training on a range of cognitive and psychosocial measures for 10–13-year-olds in two independent studies. In the first study, the benefits of increased frequency of classroom-based

Nikki S. Rickard; Caroline J. Bambrick; Anneliese Gill

2012-01-01

349

Therapist-guided, Internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD-NET): a feasibility study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). However, most sufferers do not have access to this treatment. One way to increase access to CBT is to administer treatment remotely via the Internet. This study piloted a novel therapist-supported, Internet-based CBT program for BDD (BDD-NET). Design Uncontrolled clinical trial. Participants Patients (N=23) were recruited through self-referral and assessed face to face at a clinic specialising in obsessive–compulsive and related disorders. Suitable patients were offered secure access to BDD-NET. Intervention BDD-NET is a 12-week treatment program based on current psychological models of BDD that includes psychoeducation, functional analysis, cognitive restructuring, exposure and response prevention, and relapse prevention modules. A dedicated therapist provides active guidance and feedback throughout the entire process. Main outcome measure The clinician-administered Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for BDD (BDD-YBOCS). Symptom severity was assessed pretreatment, post-treatment and at the 3-month follow-up. Results BDD-NET was deemed highly acceptable by patients and led to significant improvements on the BDD-YBOCS (p=<0.001) with a large within-group effect size (Cohen's d=2.01, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.97). At post-treatment, 82% of the patients were classified as responders (defined as?30% improvement on the BDD-YBOCS). These gains were maintained at the 3-month follow-up. Secondary outcome measures of depression, global functioning and quality of life also showed significant improvements with moderate to large effect sizes. On average, therapists spent 10?min per patient per week providing support. Conclusions The results suggest that BDD-NET has the potential to greatly increase access to CBT, at least for low-risk individuals with moderately severe BDD symptoms and reasonably good insight. A randomised controlled trial of BDD-NET is warranted. Trial registration number Clinicaltrials.gov registration ID NCT01850433. PMID:25256187

Enander, Jesper; Ivanov, Volen Z; Andersson, Erik; Mataix-Cols, David; Ljótsson, Brjánn; Rück, Christian

2014-01-01

350

Implication of Cognitive Research to Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past few decades, cognitive reseach has made significant progress in understanding how people learn. The understanding of cognition that has emerged from this research can be particularly useful for physics instruction. We will discuss and explore, in a language accessible to everybody, how the main findings of cognitive research can be applied to physics teaching and assessment.

Singh, Chandralekha

2009-03-20

351

Matching Teachers' and Students' Cognitive Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the field dependence independence dimension of cognitive style affects teachers' instructional behaviors and students' learning behaviors, and how interaction of teachers' and students' cognitive styles creates different learning environments. Discusses matching alternatives, focusing on identical cognitive style matching and…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2003-01-01

352

Instructional Instructional Programs at  

E-print Network

) Monday 4:15 - 5:15 PM $15 GF2 Meditation Sept. 26 (Guided Meditation) Friday 11:15 - 12:00 PM $10 GF3 Oct. 31 (Breath Focused) Friday 11:15 - 12:00 PM $10 GF3 Nov. 21 (Silent Meditation) Friday 11:15 - 12:00 PM $10 GF3 Massage and Meditation HFC - Hosaeus Fitness Center RSF - Rec Sports Office Romney

Maxwell, Bruce D.

353

A Model for Designing Library Instruction for Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing library instruction in distance learning environments presents a unique set of challenges for instructional librarians. Innovations in computer-mediated communication and advances in cognitive science research provide the opportunity for designing library instruction that meets a variety of student information seeking needs. Using a…

Rand, Angela Doucet

2013-01-01

354

Instructional Design for Situated Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the design of situated learning and the ecological psychology of situated cognition. Topics addressed include the teacher's role; teacher training; anchored instruction; transfer skills; the meaning of learning; apprenticeships; and the Jasper Series, a macrocontext designed to investigate the issues of situated learning. (46 references)…

Young, Michael F.

1993-01-01

355

[Georgia's Special Instructional Assistance Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information about Georgia's Special Instructional Assistance Program (SIA) is presented. The program is designed to serve children in kindergarten through grade five who are functioning below the normal expectations for their age range, usually as a result of deficient language and cognitive development. The vast majority of SIA teaching and…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

356

Instructional Designer's Intentions and Learners' Perceptions of the Instructional Functions of Visuals in an e-Learning Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to compare an instructional designer's intentions with the learners' perceptions of the instructional functions of visuals in one specific e-learning lesson. An instructional designer created each visual with more than two purposes related to the psychological, cognitive, and affective aspects of learning. Contrary to…

Jin, Sung-Hee; Boling, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

357

Cognitive Mapping as a Means of Improving Social Studies Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that cognitive mapping is an instructional strategy that encourages active participation, helps young children see relationships, promotes the organization of information, and allows the teacher flexibility. Outlines a five-step process using cognitive mapping in lesson development. (BSR)

Christen, William; Gomez, Reynaldo

1988-01-01

358

Spanish Program Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents the philosophy, goals, and objectives, as well as the scope and sequence of Spanish language instruction at four levels for the public secondary schools of Hawaii. The emphasis is on producing communicative competence in Spanish. The goals, objectives, and performance expectations are presented as guides from which teachers can…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

359

Welding. Student Learning Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 23 learning guides are self-instructional packets for 23 tasks identified as essential for performance on an entry-level job in welding. Each guide is based on a terminal performance objective (task) and 1-4 enabling objectives. For each enabling objective, some or all of these materials may be presented: learning steps (outline of student…

Ridge Vocational-Technical Center, Winter Haven, FL.

360

Guiding functional connectivity estimation by structural connectivity in MEG: an application to discrimination of conditions of mild cognitive impairment  

PubMed Central

Whole brain resting state connectivity is a promising biomarker that might help to obtain an early diagnosis in many neurological diseases, such as dementia. Inferring resting-state connectivity is often based on correlations, which are sensitive to indirect connections, leading to an inaccurate representation of the real backbone of the network. The precision matrix is a better representation for whole brain connectivity, as it considers only direct connections. The network structure can be estimated using the graphical lasso (GL), which achieves sparsity through l1-regularization on the precision matrix. In this paper, we propose a structural connectivity adaptive version of the GL, where weaker anatomical connections are represented as stronger penalties on the corresponding functional connections. We applied beamformer source reconstruction to the resting state MEG recordings of 81 subjects, where 29 were healthy controls, 22 were single-domain amnestic Mild Cognitive Impaired (MCI), and 30 were multiple-domain amnestic MCI. An atlas-based anatomical parcellation of 66 regions was obtained for each subject, and time series were assigned to each of the regions. The fiber densities between the regions, obtained with deterministic tractography from diffusion-weighted MRI, were used to define the anatomical connectivity. Precision matrices were obtained with the region specific time series in five different frequency bands. We compared our method with the traditional GL and a functional adaptive version of the GL, in terms of log-likelihood and classification accuracies between the three groups. We conclude that introducing an anatomical prior improves the expressivity of the model and, in most cases, leads to a better classification between groups. PMID:25111472

Pineda-Pardo, José Angel; Bruńa, Ricardo; Woolrich, Mark; Marcos, Alberto; Nobre, Anna C.; Maestú, Fernando; Vidaurre, Diego

2014-01-01

361

Strategies for Using Reflective Writing To Promote Professional Development: A Guide for Using "School Leadership Reflections on Practice by California's Instructional Leaders."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six strategies for using reflective narratives to promote the professional development of school leaders are briefly described in this paper, which is designed to accompany "School Leadership: Reflections on Practice by California's Instructional Leaders." Narratives are characterized by subjective perceptions that are shaped by personal value…

Schainker, Stanley A.; Nelson, Linda

362

The Respiratory System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Respiratory System. Health Occupations Education Module: Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on the respiratory system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit miniseries on anatomy and physiology within the series of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use…

National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

363

The Circulatory System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Circulatory System. Health Occupations Education Module: Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on the circulatory system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit subset on anatomy and physiology within the set of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use the…

National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

364

The Reproductive System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Reproductive System. Health Occupations Education Module. Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on the reproductive system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit miniseries on anatomy and physiology within the series of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use…

National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

365

SAGE 2.1 - SOLVENT ALTERNATIVES GUIDE - USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The guide provides instruction for using the SAGE (Solvent Alternatives GuidE) software system, version 2.1. AGE recommends solvent replacements in cleaning and degreasing operations. t leads the user through a question- and- answer session. he user's responses allow the system t...

366

SAGE 2.1: SOLVENT ALTERNATIVES GUIDE: USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The guide provides instruction for using the SAGE (Solvent Alternatives GuidE) software system, version 2.1. SAGE recommends solvent replacements in cleaning and degreasing operations. It leads the user through a question-and-answer session. The user's responses allow the system ...

367

GLOBE Teacher's Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) collection is an environmental science collection supporting an authentic scientifically rigorous program of Earth observations and measurements taken by students in partnership with scientists. Currently, the collection is composed mainly of teachers' guides, field guides and classroom activities that engage teachers and students in measuring protocols of different environmental variables like temperature, optical thickness, cloud cover, ozone, precipitation and water vapor. Field guides provide step-by-step instructions for data collection. Teacher materials provide instructional strategies and assessments for evaluating student progress. Activities are hands-on learning opportunities. Student resources in the collection support the National Science Education Standards.

2004-08-20

368

Grounding the cognitive neuroscience of semantics in linguistic theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mission of cognitive neuroscience is to represent the interaction of cognitive science and neuroscience: cognitive models of the mind guide a neuroscientific investigation of the brain bases of mental processes. In this endeavour, a cognitive model is crucial as without it, the cognitive neuroscientist does not know what to look for in the brain, what the nature of the

Liina Pylkkänen; Jonathan Brennan; Douglas K. Bemis

2010-01-01

369

Grounding the cognitive neuroscience of semantics in linguistic theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mission of cognitive neuroscience is to represent the interaction of cognitive science and neuroscience: cognitive models of the mind guide a neuroscientific investigation of the brain bases of mental processes. In this endeavour, a cognitive model is crucial as without it, the cognitive neuroscientist does not know what to look for in the brain, what the nature of the

Liina Pylkkänen; Jonathan Brennan; Douglas K. Bemis

2011-01-01

370

Comparing Worked Examples to Problem Solving in a Mathematics Anchored Instruction Context with African-American Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kirschner, Sweller and Clark (2006) suggest that minimally guided instructional methods are not as successful or efficient as guided instructional approaches. The goal of the current study was to address both the issue of learner performance and knowledge transfer when problem solving in anchored instruction was used for mathematical instruction

Miller, Tiffany Leigh

2010-01-01

371

Whitewater Kayaking Instruction: Skills and Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper briefly presents ideas and techniques that can facilitate effective whitewater kayaking instruction. Instructors often focus so much on the mechanics of specific skills that they overlook less obvious, but equally important, aspects of instruction. These aspects include the underlying purposes and guiding principles of kayaking…

Poff, Raymond; Stuessy, Tom

372

Explicit Instruction in Core Reading Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct a content analysis of the types and occurrences of explicit instructional moves recommended for teaching five essentials of effective reading instruction in grades 1, 3, and 5 core reading program teachers' editions in five widely marketed core reading programs. Guided practice was the most frequently…

Reutzel, D. Ray; Child, Angela; Jones, Cindy D.; Clark, Sarah K.

2014-01-01

373

An Automated Approach to Instructional Design Guidance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the Guided Approach to Instructional Design Advising (GAIDA), an automated instructional design tool that incorporates techniques of artificial intelligence. GAIDA was developed by the U.S. Air Force Armstrong Laboratory to facilitate the planning and production of interactive courseware and computer-based training materials.…

Spector, J. Michael; And Others

374

Sonoma Developmental Curriculum: Instructional Programs. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents instructional materials for teaching developmentally delayed children from birth to 6 years old. The following five instructional areas are covered (with sample activities in parentheses): gross motor (demonstrates a tonic-neck reflex, demonstrates ability to bear almost full weight, and crawls backward down three steps); fine…

Adams, Patrick, Ed.; And Others

375

Planning for Literacy Instruction: Guidelines for Instruction. Sharing Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to developing literacy skills with deaf and hard of hearing children stresses the flexible use of various methods based on the needs of individual children. The paper begins by examining selected methods and approaches to literacy instruction, citing ways that these might or might not benefit students depending upon implementation. This…

French, Martha M.

376

Developing Career Education; 7-12 Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents instructional units aimed at developing career education for grades 7-12. Each unit provides detailed objectives, activities, resources, and evaluation methods; several units also include related activities, instructional materials, and worksheets. Topics (arranged by grade in the guide) include: plot development; art; building…

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of Vocational Education.

377

Literacy Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

1986-01-01

378

Engine Fundamentals: Automotive Mechanics Instructional Program. Block 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second of six instructional blocks in automotive mechanics, the lessons and supportive information in the document provide a guide for teachers in planning an instructional program in engine fundamentals at the secondary and postsecondary level. The material, as organized, is a suggested sequence of instruction within each block. Each lesson…

O'Brien, Ralph D.

379

Fuel System: Automotive Mechanics Instructional Program. Block 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth of six instructional blocks in automotive mechanics, the lessons and supportive information in the document provide a guide for teachers in planning an instructional program in automotive fuel systems at the secondary and post secondary level. The material, as organized, is a suggested sequence of instruction within each block. Each…

O'Brien, Ralph D.

380

Automotive Electricity: Automotive Mechanics Instructional Program. Block 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third of six instructional blocks in automotive mechanics, the lessons and supportive information in the document provide a guide for teachers in planning an instructional program in automotive electricity at the secondary and post secondary level. The material, as organized, is a suggested sequence of instruction within each block. Each…

O'Brien, Ralph D.

381

Computer Instruction: Planning and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of the experience gained in a Title III project called Computer Instruction NETWORK, the author presents some guidelines for the planning and implementation of a course at the high school level dealing with computers. The guide lists the first steps to be taken in setting up such a program, describes a teacher training program, and…

Edwards, Judith B.

382

Instructional Materials for Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource guide of instructional materials is one of two volumes developed by 92 career education teachers in the State of New York, each experienced with the designated subject matter or grade level. The assessment instrument developed to evaluate the materials is included. The career education materials are grouped into sections by grade…

State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Cornell Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.

383

Cement Mason's Curriculum. Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist cement mason instructors in providing comprehensive instruction to their students, this curriculum guide treats both the skills and information necessary for cement masons in commercial and industrial construction. Ten sections are included, as follow: related information, covering orientation, safety, the history of cement, and applying…

Hendirx, Laborn J.; Patton, Bob

384

Characteristics of Effective Instructional Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective technology empowers learners and helps them assume responsibility for their own learning. Characteristics of effective instructional technology should guide the development of computer software and other types of technology. Software should provide for interaction since adults learn through active engagement. Feedback should be…

Bixler, Brett; Askov, Eunice N.

1994-01-01

385

How To Gather and Develop Job Specific Literacy Materials for Basic Skills Instruction. A Practitioner's Guide. The Work-Education Bridge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practitioner's guide was developed for instructors in schools and business and industry who need to gather materials and design, develop, and implement job-specific basic skills programs. It provides a practical model for establishing cost-effective basic skills and literacy programs. It also provides practical advice about how to use the…

Drew, Rad A.; And Others

386

The Effect of Guided-Inquiry Instruction on 6th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement, Science Process Skills, and Attitudes toward Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of guided-inquiry approach in science classes over existing science and technology curriculum in developing content-based science achievement, science process skills, and attitude toward science of grade level 6 students in Turkey. Non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental design…

Koksal, Ela Ayse; Berberoglu, Giray

2014-01-01

387

Art Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by Cognitive Applications Limited, Art Guide is a comprehensive guide to the art collections of Great Britain and Ireland. The site is divided into three main sections, allowing users to browse for exhibits by artist, museum, or geographic location. The Art Guide database currently contains over 1,900 artists, more than 650 museums, and over 4,500 individual listings. Each artist listing features a list of works on display and their location; each museum listing describes the highlights of its collection, and provides an address and phone number, a link to its website (where available) and links to other museums in that region. Additional site features include a separate listing of museums with web sites and kid-friendly destinations, a comprehensive exhibition listing, and a visitors discussion forum.

388

A web exercise in evidence-based medicine using cognitive theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim was to improve clinical reasoning skills by applying an established theory of memory, cognition, and decision making\\u000a (fuzzy-trace theory) to instruction in evidence-based medicine. Decision-making tasks concerning chest pain evaluation in\\u000a women were developed for medical students and internal medicine residents. The fuzzy-trace theory guided the selection of\\u000a online sources (e.g., target articles) and decision-making tasks. Twelve students

Farrell J. Lloyd; Valerie F. Reyna

2001-01-01

389

Cognitive Styles: The Unaccommodated Variable in Training Design Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses effects of student and teacher cognitive styles on teacher/learner relationships and on training transactions, suggesting that teachers and students with like cognitive styles interact more successfully and that field-dependent learners, who tend to favor working alone, perform better with self-paced instruction. Instructional design…

Wallace, Squy G.; Gregory, Russell A.

1985-01-01

390

Instructional Diversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers who successfully use diverse learning modes in their instructional approaches accomplish several remarkable things. First, they create a climate where the ways of knowing central to the different modalities are all seen as legitimate, acceptable,

Samples, Bob

2000-01-01

391

A systematic approach to instruction in research ethics.  

PubMed

This article describes a systematic approach for developing instructional programs that emphasizes defining learning needs, planning the learning environment, and evaluating learning to ensure continuous course improvement. This review outlines the nature of these interrelated components of instructional development and draws attention to issues specific to instruction in research ethics. Guiding questions summarize key, practical considerations, and the discussion suggests future steps in the pursuit of effective instruction in research ethics. Overall, the variety of approaches to instruction and mixed findings regarding its effectiveness underscore the need to apply a systematic framework to instruction in research ethics. PMID:24073607

Antes, Alison L

2014-01-01

392

Cognitive control in autism spectrum disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive control refers to the ability to flexibly allocate mental resources to guide thoughts and actions in light of internal goals. Given the behavioral inflexibility exhibited by individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), it would appear they experience cognitive control deficits. Cognitive correlates of this behavioral inflexibility have been elusive in previous investigations. Study goals were to investigate deficits in

Marjorie Solomon; Sally J. Ozonoff; Neil Cummings; Cameron S. Carter

2008-01-01

393

Cognition in Scientific and Everyday Domains: Comparison and Learning Implications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Scientific and everyday knowledge domains are compared so as to reveal the distinctive differences between their goals and the cognitive processes used to attain them. The main goals, working goals, learning difficulties, knowledge structure, concept specification, knowledge organization, role of school science, program-solving instruction, formal and nonformal instruction, quality control, efficiency, suggested investigations, and instructional implications are discussed.

Reif, Frederick; Larkin, Jill H.

2006-10-09

394

Cognitive tutors: Lessons learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper review the 10-year history of tutor development based on the ACT theory (Anderson, 1993, 1993). We developed production system models in ACT of how students solved problems in LISP geometry, and algebra. Computer tutors were developed around these cognitive models. Construction of these tutors was guided by a set of eight principles loosely based on the ACT theory.

Albert T. Corbett; Kenneth R. Koedinger; Ray Pelletier

1995-01-01

395

Direct Instruction: a model of instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instructional design is chiefly concerned with the arrangement of the environment to optimise learning according to various criteria. While there are a number of instructional design theories and models, the Direct Instruction Model (Engelmann & Carnine, 1982) is the focus of this paper. The importance of instructional design is stressed and the Direct Instruction Model is analysed in terms of

Joseph Moore

1986-01-01

396

Devices and Desires: Integrative Strategy Instruction from a Motivational Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This critique of Edwin Ellis's Integrative Strategy Instruction model comments that analyses are needed concerning the mutual social adaptations of differently disposed (cognitively, motivationally, and emotionally) students with learning disabilities and teachers within the social frames of learning environments. (JDD)

Vauras, Marja; And Others

1993-01-01

397

Theories of Learning and Computer-Mediated Instructional Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four major models of learning: behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, and social constructivism. Discusses situated cognition; differences between learning theories and instructional approaches; and how computer-mediated technologies can be integrated with learning theories. (LRW)

Hung, David

2001-01-01

398

BSCS 5E Instructional Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The guided inquiries in this book are designed using the BSCS 5E Instructional Model, commonly referred to as the 5E model (or the 5Es). Developed by the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS), the 5E model is a learning cycle based on a constructivist view of learning. The 5E model provides a planned sequence of instruction that places students at the center of their learning experiences, encouraging them to explore, construct their own understanding of scientific concepts, and relate those understandings to other concepts. This chapter includes an explanation of each phase of the BSCS 5E model--Engage, Explore, Elaborate, and Evaluate.

Emily Morgan

2007-01-01

399

A Comparison of Embedded Total Task Instruction in Teaching Behavioral Chains to Massed One-on-One Instruction for Students with Intellectual Disabilities: Accessing General Education Settings and Core Academic Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a comparison of the embedded instruction of behavioral chains with more traditional (one-on-one massed trials in special education setting) instructional procedures for teaching behavioral chains to students with significant cognitive disabilities. Although embedded instruction has emerged as a promising potential instructional

Jameson, J. Matt; Walker, Ryan; Utley, Kristen; Maughan, Ryan

2012-01-01

400

An Experimental Investigation of Cognitive Defusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study compared cognitive defusion with other strategies in reducing the impact of experimentally induced negative emotional states. Sixty-seven undergraduates were assigned to one of three conditions (cognitive defusion, thought suppression, or control) and instructed in standardized approaches relevant to each condition before viewing…

Pilecki, Brian C.; McKay, Dean

2012-01-01

401

Air Conditioner Charging. Automotive Mechanics. Air Conditioning. Instructor's Guide [and] Student Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional package, one in a series of individualized instructional units on automobile air conditioning, consists of a student guide and an instructor guide dealing with air conditioning charging. Covered in the module are checking the air conditioning system for leaks, checking and adding refrigerant oil as needed, evacuating the system,…

Spignesi, B.

402

SAGE 2.0 - SOLVENT ALTERNATIVES GUIDES - USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The guide provides instruction for using the SAGE (Solvent Alternatives Guide) software system, version 2.O. It assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating a personal computer under the Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS). AGE recommends solvent repl...

403

SAGE 2.0 SOLVENT ALTERNATIVES GUIDE - USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The guide provides instruction for using the SAGE (Solvent Alternatives Guide) software system, version 2.O. It assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating a personal computer under the Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS). AGE recommends solvent repl...

404

The Promise and Pitfalls of Integrated Strategy Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary on Edwin Ellis' model of integrative strategy instruction for students with learning disabilities points out that the model holds considerable promise. However, the model necessitates that teachers be trained to assess student cognition using multiple methods and that content area teachers think in new ways about their instruction

Walsh, John

1993-01-01

405

Effective Reading and Writing Instruction: A Focus on Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When providing effective reading and writing instruction, teachers need to provide explicit modeling. Modeling is particularly important when teaching students to use cognitive learning strategies. Examples of how teachers can provide specific, explicit, and flexible instructional modeling is presented in the context of two evidence-based…

Regan, Kelley; Berkeley, Sheri

2012-01-01

406

Now, Pay Attention! The Effects of Instruction on Children's Attention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated the effects of instructions to "stay on task" on preschoolers' attention and cognitive performance in the face of either incomprehensible or comprehensible distraction. Three- and 4-year-olds completed problem-solving tasks while a distracting event played continuously in the background under conditions of (a) no instruction, (b)…

Kannass, Kathleen N.; Colombo, John; Wyss, Nancy

2010-01-01

407

An Investigation of Development toward Instructional Design Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated expertise development among instructional designers by tracking novice designers' unfolding perceptions of instructional design (ID), design-related self-perceptions, and other individual differences. It examined development toward ID expertise from multiple aspects: processes, product, and cognition, through a case…

Hardre, Patricia L.; Ge, Xun; Thomas, Michael K.

2006-01-01

408

Instructional Efficiency of Tutoring in an Outreach Gene Technology Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our research objective focused on examining the instructional efficiency of tutoring as a form of instructional change as opposed to a non-tutoring approach in an outreach laboratory. We designed our laboratory based on cognitive load (CL) theory. Altogether, 269 twelfth-graders participated in our day-long module "Genetic Fingerprinting." In a…

Scharfenberg, Franz-Josef; Bogner, Franz X.

2013-01-01

409

Introduction to Entrepreneurship. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, which was written to meet the mandate requiring all vocational programs in Texas to provide 30 classroom hours of instruction in entrepreneurship, is intended to introduce entrepreneurship as a viable career choice and foster an attitude conducive to success as an entrepreneur. Addressed in the individual units of the guide

Hiatt, Randy E.

410

POSTINGS GUIDE for Returning Employers  

E-print Network

POSTINGS GUIDE for Returning Employers POSTING AN OPPORTUNITY - CAREER SERVICES AND VOLUNTEER". To create an account, follow our "Posting Guide For New Employers" for instructions. 2. Posting Your (ARTS, KINES etc) POSITION TYPE? * Career Employment: paid jobs Volunteer Opportunity: unpaid jobs

411

Clothing Production. Student Learning Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 59 learning guides are self-instructional packets for 59 tasks identified as essential for performance on an entry-level job in clothing production. Each guide is based on a terminal performance objective (task) and 2-5 enabling objectives. For each enabling objective, some or all of these materials may be presented: learning steps (outline…

Ridge Vocational-Technical Center, Winter Haven, FL.

412

Introduction to Hydraulics. Instructor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide on hydraulics is part of a series of individualized instructional materials. The guide is provided to help the instructor make certain that each student gets the most benefit possible from both the student's manual and what he/she does on the job. Notes for the instructor contain suggestions on how the student should use…

Texas Univ., Austin. Extension Instruction and Materials Center.

413

Automotive Mechanics. Student Learning Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 33 learning guides are self-instructional packets for 33 tasks identified as essential for performance on an entry-level job in automotive mechanics. Each guide is based on a terminal performance objective (task) and 1-9 enabling objectives. For each enabliing objective, some or all of these materials may be presented: learning steps…

Ridge Vocational-Technical Center, Winter Haven, FL.

414

Vocabulary Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the web site Doing What Works, this section describes research-based practices to promote vocabulary development in middle and high school. It includes a multimedia overview of the importance of providing explicit vocabulary instruction, video clips, links to research, and other resources. Content area teachers and strategies for use in content areas like science are specifically addressed in the recommendations.

2008-01-01

415

Writing Technical Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students walk through the process of creating technical instructions by first analyzing existing instructions. They then select an item and an audience for which they will write technical instructions. After writing their own instructions, students conduct usability tests of each other’s instructions, providing user feedback. Finally, students use this user feedback to revise their instructions before publishing them.

2012-05-24

416

SUMMER CAMPS program guide  

E-print Network

. In addition, sophisticated labs and classrooms will be used for Mini-University, Computer Camp, Science ALSUMMER CAMPS program guide SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY 2014 #12;2 ABOUT OUR CAMPS SPORT CAMPS - Sport available). Participants will receive instruction in all aspects of the sport, including development drills

417

Automotive Technology Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Idaho state curriculum guide provides lists of tasks, performance objectives, and enabling objectives for instruction in automotive technology. The document begins with a list of all tasks covered by the curriculum, a short course outline, and a curriculum framework that explains major content, laboratory activities, and intended outcomes.…

Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise. Div. of Vocational Education.

418

Assessment Online: Guiding Theories,  

E-print Network

;Outcomes should be learned and assessed at the same time. #12;Inspiration Maps App ($6.99) #12;Super Duper Assessment Cycle: A Guide for Increasing Student Learning and Improving Librarian Instructional Skills Engage in inquiry to reduce doubt Use reasoning to create new rules for action Build knowledge through

Oakleaf, Megan

419

Personal Finance Education Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist curriculum planners and classroom teachers in designing and implementing personal finance instruction to meet a variety of student needs, interests, and abilities. It is organized under five concept areas: employment and income, money management, credit, purchase of goods and services, and rights and…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

420

HAPPIER: Health Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on findings of Project HAPPIER surveys and intended as a resource for health care providers and educators who serve the migrant community, this guide describes over 375 instructional materials in the areas of dental health, disease control, fitness, health promotion, human growth and development, hypertension, maternal and child care, mental…

Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg.

421

Steroids. A Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides information on steroid use as well as prevention and intervention strategies. It is intended to serve as a supplement to drug abuse education and prevention programs in elementary and secondary schools and as the basis for local curriculum development and instructional activities. The following topics are covered: (1) history…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of School Health Education and Services.

422

Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience Methods  

E-print Network

1 Slide 1 Cognitive Neuroscience PSYC 685 Cognitive Neuroscience Methods I. Human Brain Imaging) · Siemens 3-T Allegra · Head-only scanner Slide 14 CT and MRI in Cognitive Neuroscience · CT and MRI

Parasuraman, Raja

423

Effects of Piano, Singing, and Rhythm Instruction on the Spatial Reasoning of At-Risk Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. ABSTRACT Previous research has demonstrated that preschool children score higher on spatial tests following piano instruction. Three studies were conducted to answer three questions regarding these effects: (1) Which cognitive processes are enhanced by piano instruction? (2) Do different types of instruction have differential effects? (3) Are these effects durable and generalizable? In Study 1, at-risk preschool children were

Frances H. Rauscher

424

Role of Reading Engagement in Mediating Effects of Reading Comprehension Instruction on Reading Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The engagement model of reading development suggests that instruction improves students' reading comprehension to the extent that it increases students' engagement processes in reading. We compared how Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) (support for cognitive and motivational processes in reading), strategy instruction (support for…

Wigfield, Allan; Guthrie, John T.; Perencevich, Kathleen C.; Taboada, Ana; Klauda, Susan Lutz; McRae, Angela; Barbosa, Pedro

2008-01-01

425

The Effect of Instruction on Learners' Pragmatic Awareness: A Focus on Refusals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits of instruction on learners' production and awareness of speech acts is well documented (see Alcon and Martinez-Flor, 2008, for a review of pragmatics in instructional contexts). However, few studies examine the influence that instruction may have on the cognitive processes involved in speech act production (Felix-Brasdefer, 2008). In…

Soler, Eva Alcon; Pitarch, Josep Guzman

2010-01-01

426

Mining Learning Preferences in Web-Based Instruction: Holists vs. Serialists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based instruction programs are used by learners with diverse knowledge, skills and needs. These differences determine their preferences for the design of Web-based instruction programs and ultimately influence learners' success in using them. Cognitive style has been found to significantly affect learners' preferences of web-based instruction

Clewley, Natalie; Chen, Sherry Y.; Liu, Xiaohui

2011-01-01

427

Shifts in Thinking: A Primer on the Foundations of Instructional Technology Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses instructional technology in the context of the whole learning environment instead of just in terms of computers and software. Considers assessment of instructional technology, including the role of the student, identifying the learning theory behind a specific instructional application, behaviorism, cognitive development, and faculty…

Cohen, Steve; McMullen, Barbara

2000-01-01

428

New Directions in Reading Instruction--Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The gains in knowledge about the nature of reading and how to most effectively teach it come from cognitive research. This booklet (in the form of a flipchart) synthesizes and summarizes much of the current research on effective instruction for improved literacy and greater student achievement. The booklet, a revised edition of "New Directions in…

Hinson, Bess, Ed.

429

Some Thoughts about Constructivism and Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cognition and Technology Group at Vanderbilt addresses concerns related to constructivism and instructional design that were raised in an earlier issue. Relationship of ecological psychology and constructivist theory is described, constraints on constructed knowledge are discussed, and the complexity of the Jasper series of math problems that…

Educational Technology, 1991

1991-01-01

430

Instructional Design in Education: New Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main goal of the new instructional design model is to organize long term and full learning activities. The new model is based on the theoretical foundation of behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism. During teaching and learning activities, learners are active and use cognitive, constructivist, or behaviorist learning to construct new…

Isman, Aytekin

2011-01-01

431

A student's guide to United States patent applications  

E-print Network

This thesis presents a comprehensive guide to patent applications in the United States derived from the information provided by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). This guide gives indepth instructions ...

Hammond, Jennifer N. (Jennifer Nicole)

2012-01-01

432

Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience Methods  

E-print Network

1 Slide 1 Cognitive Neuroscience PSYC 768 Cognitive Neuroscience Methods I. Neuroimaging Raja Neuroscience · CT and MRI: Confirmation of lesion sites previously known only from neuropsychological test

Parasuraman, Raja

433

Cognitive Geography D. R. Montello, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA  

E-print Network

to organize experience and memory, guide action, and provide a basis for communicating about the world. Route Is Cognitive Geography? Cognitive geography is the study of cognition, primarily human cognition, about space, place, and environment. Cognition is knowledge and knowing by sentient entities, including humans

Montello, Daniel R.

434

Enhancing Mechanics Learning through Cognitively Appropriate Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The unquestionably central role of physics in the development of scientific literacy is undermined by its perceived difficulty. An investigation of high school students' use of the concepts of momentum and force suggests that, in the case of mechanics, the reason for physics' unpopularity and image as a "hard" subject is largely due to an…

Espinoza, Fernando

2004-01-01

435

Strategic Cognitive Sequencing: A Computational Cognitive Neuroscience Approach  

PubMed Central

We address strategic cognitive sequencing, the “outer loop” of human cognition: how the brain decides what cognitive process to apply at a given moment to solve complex, multistep cognitive tasks. We argue that this topic has been neglected relative to its importance for systematic reasons but that recent work on how individual brain systems accomplish their computations has set the stage for productively addressing how brain regions coordinate over time to accomplish our most impressive thinking. We present four preliminary neural network models. The first addresses how the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and basal ganglia (BG) cooperate to perform trial-and-error learning of short sequences; the next, how several areas of PFC learn to make predictions of likely reward, and how this contributes to the BG making decisions at the level of strategies. The third models address how PFC, BG, parietal cortex, and hippocampus can work together to memorize sequences of cognitive actions from instruction (or “self-instruction”). The last shows how a constraint satisfaction process can find useful plans. The PFC maintains current and goal states and associates from both of these to find a “bridging” state, an abstract plan. We discuss how these processes could work together to produce strategic cognitive sequencing and discuss future directions in this area. PMID:23935605

Herd, Seth A.; Krueger, Kai A.; Kriete, Trenton E.; Huang, Tsung-Ren; Hazy, Thomas E.; O'Reilly, Randall C.

2013-01-01

436

Fetch directed instruction prefetching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instruction supply is a crucial component of processor performance. Instruction prefetching has been proposed as a mechanism to help reduce instruction cache misses, which in turn can help increase instruction supply to the processor. In this paper we examine a new instruction prefetch architecture called Fetch Directed Prefetching, and compare it to the performance of next-line prefetching and streaming buffers.

Glenn Reinmant; Brad Calder; Todd M. Austin

1999-01-01

437

Cognitive practices and cognitive character  

Microsoft Academic Search

The argument of this paper is that we should think of the extension of cognitive abilities and cognitive character in integrationist terms. Cognitive abilities are extended by acquired practices of creating and manipulating information that is stored in a publicly accessible environment. I call these cognitive practices (2007). In contrast to Pritchard (2010) I argue that such processes are integrated

Richard Menary

2012-01-01

438

131Cognitive Science COGNITIVE SCIENCE  

E-print Network

131Cognitive Science COGNITIVE SCIENCE PROFESSOR ELMES* MAJOR A major in cognitive science leading courses: Cognitive Science 110, 395, 403, 473; Computer Science 111, 211; Philosophy 106, 313; Psychology Science: Com- puter Science 295 (LISP, PROLOG or C), 313, 315; Psychology 207 b. Philosophical Foundations

Marsh, David

439

A Handbook for Classroom Instruction That Works, 2nd Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perfect for self-help and professional learning communities, this handbook makes it much easier to apply the teaching practices from the ASCD-McREL best-seller "Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement, 2nd Edition." The authors take you through the refined Instructional Planning Guide, so you…

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2012

2012-01-01

440

Webquest 2.0: An Instructional Model for Digital Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and learning tools such as Moodle and Web 2.0 tools are appearing in K-12 classrooms; however, there is a lack of scholarly research to guide the implementation of these tools. The WebQuest model, a widely adopted inquiry-based model for online instruction, has instructional inadequacies and does not make the most of emerging…

Dell, Diana F. Abernathy

2012-01-01

441

Creating Shared Instructional Products: An Alternative Approach to Improving Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To solve two enduring problems in education--unacceptably large variation in learning opportunities for students across classrooms and little continuing improvement in the quality of instruction--the authors propose a system that centers on the creation of shared instructional products that guide classroom teaching. By examining systems outside…

Morris, Anne K.; Hiebert, James

2011-01-01

442

Program of Studies. Instructional Goals and Objectives: Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional goals and sample instructional objectives for art education in West Virginia's public schools are outlined. A comprehensive arts education program is basic to the general education of every child. Two guiding principles directed the programs' design. First, each student should have opportunities to acquire skills in the four…

West Virginia State Dept. of Education, Charleston.

443

Microcomputer Applications. Curriculum Guide [and] Simulations [and] Test Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of a curriculum guide combined with separately published "simulations" and "test bank" volumes designed to support instructors using the curriculum guide. The curriculum guide was developed to provide instructional materials to teachers of microcomputer application courses in Texas. The guide contains the following seven…

Mahaffey, Darlena; Patton, Jan

444

Office Support Systems. Curriculum Guide [and] Simulations [and] Test Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of a curriculum guide combined with separately published "Simulations" and "Test Bank" volumes designed to support instructors using the curriculum guide. The curriculum guide was developed to provide instructional materials to teachers of office support systems courses in Texas. The guide contains the following : (1)…

Peace, Betty; Patton, Jan

445

Cognitive Achievement and Motivation in Hands-On and Teacher-Centred Science Classes: Does an Additional Hands-On Consolidation Phase (Concept Mapping) Optimise Cognitive Learning at Work Stations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our study monitored the cognitive and motivational effects within different educational instruction schemes: On the one hand, teacher-centred versus hands-on instruction; on the other hand, hands-on instruction with and without a knowledge consolidation phase (concept mapping). All the instructions dealt with the same content. For all…

Gerstner, Sabine; Bogner, Franz X.

2010-01-01

446

ANIMAL COGNITION Animal cognition  

E-print Network

Ns&feature=player_embedded#at=74 Animal cognition? Does the dog know what she is talking about? Video #12;Imitation in quail Demonstrator Observer Pecking Stepping Akins & Zentall, 1996, J Comp Psychol, 110, 316-320. #12;Imitation in quail: Results #12;http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/susan_savage_rumbaugh_on_apes_that_write

Cooper, Brenton G.

447

Peer Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer instruction may offer some of the richest opportunities for metacognitive teaching. Reciprocal (peer) teaching forces the instructor to use a whole series of metacognitive processes such as determining what the learner already knows, deciding what is to be taught/learned and how; monitoring comprehension and evaluating the outcome in terms of increased comprehension, which in turn encourages the instructor to reflect upon his or her own thinking processes. By asking the students to defend their answer to a question to another student you are, in effect, moving the role of "teacher" to the students.

Samson, Perry

448

Industrial Sewing. V-TECS Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This industrial sewing guide is a compilation of duties, tasks, performance objectives, and performance guides that deals with the psychomotor aspect of an occupation. The guide addresses the three domains of learning: psychomotor, cognitive, and affective. Each unit provides job-relevant tasks, standards of performance, source of standard,…

Moore, Charles G.; And Others

449

Increasing Reading Comprehension and Engagement Through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on an engagement perspective of reading development, we investigated the extent to which an instructional framework of combining motivation support and strategy instruction (Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction—CORI) influenced reading outcomes for third-grade children. In CORI, five motivational practices were integrated with six cognitive strategies for reading comprehension. In the first study, we compared this framework to an instructional framework emphasizing

John T. Guthrie; Allan Wigfield; Pedro Barbosa; Kathleen C. Perencevich; Ana Taboada; Marcia H. Davis; Nicole T. Scafiddi; Stephen Tonks

2004-01-01

450

COATING ALTERNATIVES GUIDE (CAGE) USER'S GUIDE (EPA/600/R-01/030)  

EPA Science Inventory

The guide provides instructions for using the Coating Alternatives GuidE (CAGE) software program, version 1.0. It assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating an IBM-compatible personal computer (PC) under the Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS). CAGE...

451

SAGE FOR MACINTOSH (MSAGE) VERSION 1.0 SOLVENT ALTERNATIVES GUIDE - USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The guide provides instructions for using the Solvent Alternatives Guide (SAGE) for Macintosh, version 1.0. The guide assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating a Macintosh personal computer under the System 7.0 (or higher) operating system. SAGE for ...

452

SAGE FOR WINDOWS (WSAGE) VERSION 1.0 SOLVENT ALTERNATIVES GUIDE - USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The guide provides instructions for using the Solvent Alternatives Guide (SAGE) for Windows, version 1.0. The guide assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating Windows 3.1 (or higher) on a personal computer under the DOS 5.0 (or higher) operating system. ...

453

Content-Based Instruction for English Language Learners: An Exploration across Multiple Classroom Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the content-based literacy instruction of English language learners (ELLs) across multiple classroom settings in U.S. elementary schools. The following research questions guided the study: (a) How are ELLs taught English in two types of instructional settings: regular content-area literacy instruction in the all-English…

Park, Seo Jung

2009-01-01

454

Enhancing an Instructional Design Model for Virtual Reality-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to effectively utilize the capabilities of virtual reality (VR) in supporting the desired learning outcomes, careful consideration in the design of instruction for VR learning is crucial. In line with this concern, previous work proposed an instructional design model that prescribes instructional methods to guide the design of VR-based…

Chen, Chwen Jen; Teh, Chee Siong

2013-01-01

455

The 1993-94 Educational Software Preview Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide lists favorably reviewed, commercially available, microcomputer software for instructional use in preschool through grade 12. The guide is organized by the following curriculum areas: art; business education; computers; health; instructional tools, including authoring systems, computer assisted drafting (CAD), classroom management,…

Best, Anita, Ed.; Mathis, Judi, Ed.

456

Related Views & Descriptive Geometry. Drafting Module 4. Instructor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Missouri Vocational Instruction Management System instructor's drafting guide has been keyed to the drafting competency profile developed by state industry and education professionals. The guide contains a cross-reference table of instructional materials. Three units cover related views and descriptive geometry: (1) auxiliary views and…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

457

Missouri Introduction to Materials and Processing Technology. Instructor Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to support a high school specialization course in materials and processing technology. The document contains three sections: (1) information on using the material; (2) a set of instructor guides for eight instructional units; (3) 15 technological activity modules and teacher and student instructions for their use; and (4)…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

458

Guide to FUSE Modules Abstracted in RIE--1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides a resource for teachers interested in developing unified science instructional units, and is a guide to potential modules that can be assembled into instructional units with a minimum of materials, equipment, and time. All modules included were selected from documents abstracted in "Resources in Education (RIE)" and available…

Showalter, Victor

459

Cognitive dynamics: complexity and creativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scientific problem described within a given code is mapped by a corresponding computational problem. We call (algorithmic) complexity the bit length of the shortest instruction which solves the problem. Deterministic chaos in general affects a dynamical system making the corresponding problem experimentally and computationally heavy, since one must reset the initial conditions at a rate higher than that of information loss (Kolmogorov entropy). One can control chaos by adding to the system new degrees of freedom (information swapping: information lost by chaos is replaced by that arising from the new degrees of freedom). This implies a change of code, or a new augmented model. Within a single code, changing hypotheses is equivalent to fixing different sets of control parameters, each with a different a-priori probability, to be then confirmed and transformed to an a-posteriori probability via Bayes theorem. Sequential application of Bayes rule is nothing else than the Darwinian strategy in evolutionary biology. The sequence is a steepest ascent algorithm, which stops once maximum probability has been reached. At this point the hypothesis exploration stops. By changing code (and hence the set of relevant variables) one can start again to formulate new classes of hypotheses. We call creativity the action of code changing, which is guided by hints not formalized within the previous code, whence not accessible to a computer. We call semantic complexity the number of different scientific codes, or models, that describe a situation. It is however a fuzzy concept, in so far as this number changes due to interaction of the operator with the context. These considerations are illustrated with reference to a cognitive task, starting from synchronization of neuron arrays in a perceptual area and tracing the putative path towards a model building. Since this is a report on work in progress, we skip technicalities in order to stress the gist of the question, and provide references to more detailed work.

Tito Arecchi, F.

2007-05-01

460

Situating Strategies: An Examination of Comprehension Strategy Instruction in One Upper Elementary Classroom Oriented toward Culturally Relevant Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehension (or cognitive) strategy instruction has considerable literacy research supporting it as an instructional practice. Additionally, it has become more common in elementary classrooms, in part, because of the popularity of professional advisement books on the topic. This focus on teaching cognitive strategies also occupies center stage…

May, Laura A.

2011-01-01

461

Instructional Aids, Materials, and Supplies--Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide produced for the Follow Through Program, primarily lists instructional aids and supplies; it also suggests practical implications for provisioning the classroom environment, gives specific suggestions for Project Follow Through directors, and lists addresses of suppliers. The materials are divided into nine categories, which…

Education Development Center, Inc., Newton, MA.

462

Hockey: Special Olympics Sports Skills Instructional Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggestions for coaching and teaching hockey skills to mentally retarded persons are presented in this guide, one of seven booklets on Special Olympics Sports Skills Instructional Programs. An introductory section presents an overview of the sport, information on the organization of the training session, and a list of goals, objectives, and…

Special Olympics, Inc., Washington, DC.

463

Best Practices in Literacy Instruction. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Now revised and updated, this book's second edition aims to guide teachers in providing effective, engaging literacy instruction that meets the challenges of today's legislative mandates. Identified in the book are principles of best practice that reflect cutting-edge scientific research as well as decades of hands-on classroom experience.…

Morrow, Lesley Mandel, Ed.; Gambrell, Linda B., Ed.; Pressley, Michael, Ed.

464

Best Practices in Literacy Instruction. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Now in a thoroughly revised and expanded third edition, this evidence-based book distills the latest knowledge about literacy teaching and learning into clear strategies for helping all children succeed. Within a comprehensive conceptual framework, the field's leading authorities provide eminently practical recommendations to guide instructional

Gambrell, Linda B., Ed.; Morrow, Lesley Mandel, Ed.; Pressley, Michael, Ed.; Guthrie, John T., Ed.

2006-01-01

465

The information literacy instruction assessment cycle  

E-print Network

The information literacy instruction assessment cycle A guide for increasing student learning, Syracuse, New York, USA Abstract Purpose ­ The aim of this paper is to present the Information Literacy information literacy skills. Design/methodology/approach ­ Employing survey design methodology, the researcher

Oakleaf, Megan

466

Early Beginnings EARLY LITERACY KNOWLEDGE AND INSTRUCTION  

E-print Network

this booklet to: learn about early literacy development, review the early predictors of later successEarly Beginnings EARLY LITERACY KNOWLEDGE AND INSTRUCTION A guide for early childhood administrators and professional development providers #12;2 #12;Early Beginnings EARLY LITERACY KNOWLEDGE

Rau, Don C.

467

Reading Assessment and Instruction for All Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weaving together the latest knowledge and best practices for teaching children to read, this indispensable text and professional resource provides a complete guide to differentiated instruction for diverse learners. Uniquely integrative, the book places the needs of English language learners and students with disabilities front and center instead…

Schumm, Jeanne Shay, Ed.

2006-01-01

468

Individualized Instruction, Instructional Technology, and the Hearing-Impaired Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three important subfields of instructional technology, instructional design technology, instructional media technology, and instructional management technology are reviewed for their contributions to individualized instruction of hearing impaired students. (CL)

Volp, Frederick D.; McNamara, James E.

1984-01-01

469

Graphic Arts: Process Camera, Stripping, and Platemaking. Teacher Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is the second in a three-volume series of instructional materials for competency-based graphic arts instruction. Each publication is designed to include the technical content and tasks necessary for a student to be employed in an entry-level graphic arts occupation. Introductory materials include an instructional/task…

Feasley, Sue C., Ed.

470

The Equivalence of Learning Paths in Early Science Instruction: Effects of Direct Instruction and Discovery Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study with 112 third and fourth grade children, we measured the relative effectiveness of discovery learning and direct instruction at two points in the learning process (a) during the initial acquisition of the basic cognitive objective: a procedure for designing and interpreting simple, unconfounded experiments, and (b) during the subsequent transfer and application of this basic skill to

David Klahr; Milena Nigam

2004-01-01

471

Putting Cognitive Science behind a Statistics Teacher's Intuition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in cognitive science have led to an enriched understanding of how people learn. Using a framework presented by Willingham, this article examines instructional best practice from the perspective of conceptual understanding and its implications on statistics education.

Jones, Karrie A.; Jones, Jennifer L.; Vermette, Paul J.

2011-01-01

472

Multi-Phase Driver Education Teaching Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For use in planning and conducting functional multi-phase driver education programs, this teacher's guide consists of four phases of instruction: classroom activities, simulated application, in-car range practice, and in-car public practice. Contents are divided into three instructional sections, with the first combining the classroom activities…

Hurst-Euless-Bedford Independent School District, Hurst, TX.

473

Career Pathways Skill-Building Activities Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to relate academic skills with workplace skills and facilitate the transition from school to work, the Community College of Rhode Island developed a skill-based instructional model targeted at 9th through 12th graders and consisting of 6 instructional areas, or strands, and 31 related skills. This guide provides suggested activities…

Community Coll. of Rhode Island, Warwick.

474

The Aerospace Age. Aerospace Education I. Instructional Unit II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is prepared for the textbook entitled "The Aerospace Age," published in the Aerospace Education I series. The guide is organized by objectives, behavioral objectives, textbook outline, orientation, suggested key points, suggestions for teaching, instructional aids, projects, and further reading. Major points stressed in the…

Air Univ., Maxwell AFB, AL. Junior Reserve Office Training Corps.

475

Bricklaying Curriculum: Advanced Bricklaying Techniques. Instructional Materials. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed to assist bricklaying instructors in providing performance-based instruction in advanced bricklaying. Included in the first section of the guide are units on customized or architectural masonry units; glass block; sills, lintels, and copings; and control (expansion) joints. The next two units deal with cut,…

Turcotte, Raymond J.; Hendrix, Laborn J.

476

Decisions, Decisions: The Countless Times Instructional Practice and Reality Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines critical issues related to teacher decision-making in early childhood music classrooms. Through the story of one teacher's experience, we take a closer look at specific criteria to guide decision-making, and strategies to deepen awareness of young children's needs in the music classroom and guide instructional

Miranda, Martina L.

2014-01-01

477

The Integrated Laboratory Program for Cognitive Development Jerome Epstein,  

E-print Network

The Integrated Laboratory Program for Cognitive Development Jerome Epstein, Mathematics Department to develop a program for cognitive development in math and science. The application cited then new research lectures are inefficient at producing meaningful cognitive change, and that hands-on, so-called "guided

Spagnolo, Filippo

478

An evidence-based method for examining and reporting cognitive processes in nutrition research.  

PubMed

Cognitive outcomes are frequently implemented as endpoints in nutrition research. To reduce the number of statistical comparisons it is commonplace for nutrition researchers to combine cognitive test results into a smaller number of broad cognitive abilities. However, there is a clear lack of understanding and consensus as to how best execute this practice. The present paper reviews contemporary models of human cognition and proposes a standardised, evidence-based method for grouping cognitive test data into broader cognitive abilities. Both Carroll's model of human cognitive ability and the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model of intelligence provide empirically based taxonomies of human cognition. These models provide a cognitive 'map' that can be used to guide the handling and analysis of cognitive outcomes in nutrition research. Making use of a valid cognitive nomenclature can provide the field of clinical nutrition with a common cognitive language enabling efficient comparisons of cognitive outcomes across studies. This will make it easier for researchers, policymakers and readers to interpret and compare cognitive outcomes for different interventions. Using an empirically derived cognitive nomenclature to guide the creation of cognitive composite scores will ensure that cognitive endpoints are theoretically valid and meaningful. This will increase the generalisability of trial results to the general population. The present review also discusses how the CHC model of cognition can also guide the synthesis of cognitive outcomes in systematic reviews and meta-analysis. PMID:25268900

Pase, Matthew P; Stough, Con

2014-12-01

479

A Parent's Guide to Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 12 articles in this publication contain information designed to help parents of preschool and elementary school children understand the complex psychological and sociological process of language development and its relationship to learning to read. The articles also provide specific suggestions for parents who wish to participate in their…

Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Bureau of Curriculum Services.

480

A Guide to Motivational Procedures for Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide community college instructors with an understanding of how to improve the motivational level of their students, this four-part guidebook reviews theoretical concepts and offers practical advice concerning student motivation and frustration. Section I provides an overview of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and of…

Rubadeau, Duane O.; And Others

481

Instruction Guide Recruitment Checklist: Post Doctoral Associate  

E-print Network

Development Updated: May 28, 2014 Office of Human Resource Services University of Florida, Gainesville, FL and Organizational Development Updated: May 28, 2014 Office of Human Resource Services University of Florida an auto

Block, Louis

482

Instruction Guide Training and Organizational Development  

E-print Network

, select the term for which FARs will be generated. 7. Enter search criteria for the faculty or staff for whom FARS will be generated. To do this: · Enter the DEPTID in the Department field. This gives you the search. For example, to search for a graduate student or other non-faculty employee, you would clear

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

483

Designing the Instructional Interface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

Lohr, L. L.

2000-01-01

484

Sources of Instructional Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed patterns of instructional leadership sources. The instrument, Sources of Instructional Leadership (SOIL), was based on instructional leadership and effective schools literature. It dealt with the management of instructional resources, and related to one of six leadership functions: organizing, coordinating, developing,…

Selim, Philip D.

485

Instruction, Capacity, and Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report offers a theoretical frame for examining recent instructional improvement efforts. First, it develops a theoretical view of instruction and an analysis of the environments of instruction. It analyzes the relations between instruction and its environments and the circumstances under which intervenors must operate. The report…

Cohen, David K.; Ball, Deborah Loewenberg

486

Dream rebound of suppressed emotional thoughts: The influence of cognitive load  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial evidence suggests that suppressing a thought prior to sleep results in subsequent dreaming of that thought. The present research examined the influence of cognitive load on dreaming following suppression. In Experiment 1, 100 participants received either a suppression instruction or no instruction for an intrusive thought prior to sleep, and subsequently completed a dream diary. Participants instructed to suppress

Richard A. Bryant; Miriam Wyzenbeek; Julia Weinstein

2011-01-01

487

Helping students develop an understanding of Archimedes' principle. II. Development of research-based instructional materials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper is the second of two that describe how research on student understanding of Archimedes' principle is being used to guide the development of instructional materials to supplement instruction on this topic in typical introductory courses. The instructional materials that resulted have proven to be effective. Also discussed are instructional materials for special courses and workshops for K-8 teachers. Evidence is presented that, on some tasks, teachers who have worked through these materials perform much better than introductory physics students.

Heron, Paula R.; Loverude, Michael E.; Shaffer, Peter S.; Mcdermott, Lillian C.

2005-11-22

488

Computer-assisted instruction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are presented of a project of research and development on strategies for optimizing the instructional process, and dissemination of information about the applications of such research to the instructional medium of computer-assisted instruction. Accomplishments reported include construction of the author language INSTRUCT, construction of a practical CAI course in the area of computer science, and a number of investigations into the individualization of instruction, using the course as a vehicle.

Atkinson, R. C.

1974-01-01

489

PNNL-SA-41891 Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC) 2004 Representing Instructional Material for Scenario-Based  

E-print Network

of instructional technology. In the 1970s he was a primary designer of the authoring system for TICCIT, an early of instructional design. His recent work is an attempt to identify those first principles of instruction Representing Instructional Material for Scenario-Based Guided-Discovery Courseware Frank L. Greitzer M. David

490

The Effects of Multimedia Software Instruction and Lecture-based Instruction on Learning and Teaching Cues of Manipulative Skills on Preservice Physical Education Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the effects of multimedia-based instruction versus lecture-based instruction on teaching cognitive components of manipulative skills to physical education majors. Comparison of control, multimedia, and lecture group students' pretests and posttests indicated that though there were no significant differences in scores between the…

McKethan, Robert; Everhart, Brett; Sanders, Renee

2001-01-01

491

Cognitive dysfunction in mitochondrial disorders.  

PubMed

Among the various central nervous system (CNS) manifestations of mitochondrial disorders (MIDs), cognitive impairment is increasingly recognized and diagnosed (mitochondrial cognitive dysfunction). Aim of the review was to summarize recent findings concerning the aetiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of cognitive decline in MIDs. Among syndromic MIDs due to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations, cognitive impairment occurs in patients with mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes syndrome, myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibres syndrome, mitochondrial chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Kearns-Sayre syndrome, neuropathy, ataxia and retinitis pigmentosa syndrome and maternally inherited diabetes and deafness. Among syndromic MIDs due to nuclear DNA (nDNA) mutations, cognitive decline has been reported in myo-neuro-gastro-intestinal encephalopathy, mitochondrial recessive ataxia syndrome, spinocerebellar ataxia with encephalopathy, Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome, leuko-encephalopathy; brain and spinal cord involvement and lactic acidosis, CMT2, Wolfram syndrome, Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome and Leigh syndrome. In addition to syndromic MIDs, a large number of non-syndromic MIDs due to mtDNA as well as nDNA mutations have been reported, which present with cognitive impairment as the sole or one among several other CNS manifestations of a MID. Delineation of mitochondrial cognitive impairment from other types of cognitive impairment is essential to guide the optimal management of these patients. Treatment of mitochondrial cognitive impairment is largely limited to symptomatic and supportive measures. Cognitive impairment may be a CNS manifestation of syndromic as well as non-syndromic MIDs. Correct diagnosis of mitochondrial cognitive impairment is a prerequisite for the optimal management of these patients. PMID:22335339

Finsterer, J

2012-07-01

492

The Effects of Technical Illustrations on Cognitive Load.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines two theories of cognitive science that are relevant for instructional design, i.e., schema theory and cognitive load theory; and describes four experiments with Australian secondary school geography students that used these theories to examine the effects of splitting attention between technical illustrations and related text. (20…

Purnell, Kenneth N.; And Others

1992-01-01

493

GIS Guide to Good Practice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UK's Arts and Humanities Data Service, a project of the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), has recently made available the GIS Guide to Good Practice, the first of a series of Guides to Good Practice. These Guides are intended to "provid[e] the humanities research and teaching communities with practical instruction in applying recognized standards and good practice to the creation and use of digital resources." The first guide covers GIS (Geographical Information Systems) and its relationship to archaeology, as well as interdisciplinary studies. The guide is divided into six major topics, including types and documentation of data, structuring information, and archiving datasets. A substantial selected bibliography and glossary accompany the guide, making it an even more valuable resource.

1998-01-01

494

Strategies to Affect Student Awareness of Natural and Social Environments in Outdoor Education: A Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several instructional strategies have been developed and employed to affect student awareness of natural and social environmental settings. Three instructional strategy orientations have been structured for affecting student conceptual learning and values acquisition-clarification: affective, cognitive, and affective-cognitive. Outdoor education…

Peters, Richard O.

495

Teaching Guide for Business Machine Repair Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide for business machine repair occupations is one of a series of five performance- and employer-based secondary level vocational education guides. Part 1 provides tools, resources, and a process to be used at the local level to develop a training curriculum and supporting instructional activities. It includes a comprehensive…

Kempton, Robert F.

496

Teaching Guide for Building Maintenance Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide for building maintenance is one of a series of five performance- and employer-based secondary level vocational education guides. Part 1 provides tools, resources, and a process to be used at the local level to develop a training curriculum and supporting instructional activities. It includes a comprehensive overview of the…

Kempton, Robert F.

497

Teaching Guide for Social Service Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide for social service occupations is one of a series of five performance and employer-based secondary level guides for vocational education. Part 1 provides tools, resources, and a process to be used at the local level to develop a social service occupations training curriculum and supporting instructional activities. It includes…

Kempton, Robert F.

498

Kansas Information/Word Processing Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to help teachers and vocational administrators incorporate word processing into existing office occupations education programs on both the secondary and postsecondary levels. Following an introduction (section 1) covering the need for word processing instruction, the guide contains eight additional sections. Outlining…

Wingfield, Karen L.; And Others

499

Guided Reading: The Romance and the Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examine the growth and impact of guided reading, small group teaching for differentiated instruction in reading that was stimulated by their early publications. Many changes in literacy education have been observed as a result--almost as if educators had a "romance" with guided reading and leveled books. While changes have been…

Fountas, Irene C.; Pinnell, Gay Su

2013-01-01

500

Veterinary Accreditation. A Reference Guide for Practitioners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference manual was designed as a guide for veterinarians who have been accredited by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services. The guide provides instructions on the following topics: identifying animals, reportable diseases and conditions, brucellosis, tuberculosis, pseudorabies, miscellaneous…

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA), Washington, DC.