Sample records for cognitively guided instruction

  1. A Cognitive Reading Guide: Equalizing Instruction for "Where the Red Fern Grows."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giannuzzi, Michelle L.; Hudson, Floyd

    1998-01-01

    Provides a cognitive reading guide for the first four chapters of the novel, "Where the Red Fern Grows" (Rawls, 1961), that incorporates teacher-directed whole-class instruction with a student reading guide to equalize instruction for various levels of learners. Ideas for whole-class instruction are contained within the lesson plans. (CR)

  2. Cognitively Guided Instruction: An Implementation Case Study of a High Performing School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowdy, William D. B.

    2011-01-01

    No Child Left Behind legislation developed goals for every student to be proficient in each academic subject by 2014. California's students are far from meeting this goal, especially in mathematics. One Southern Californian school district, renamed Green Valley Unified School District for anonymity, began using Cognitively Guided Instruction

  3. Cognitive Task Analysis for Instruction in Single-Injection Ultrasound Guided-Regional Anesthesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gucev, Gligor V.

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive task analysis (CTA) is methodology for eliciting knowledge from subject matter experts. CTA has been used to capture the cognitive processes, decision-making, and judgments that underlie expert behaviors. A review of the literature revealed that CTA has not yet been used to capture the knowledge required to perform ultrasound guided

  4. Online Forum Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmahdi, Ismail

    This paper presents a guide, based on the experiences of some online teachers and students at Ohio University, offering practical information for instructors who want to teach online more effectively. Online instructional tips are organized and provided in four main areas. The first area of guidelines focuses on pedagogical aspects, and discusses…

  5. Guide to Instructional Videoconferencing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Denise; Reiss, John G.

    An instructional videoconference (IVC) is an interactive delivery mechanism for long-distance communication and education, which uses 2-way audio and 1- or 2-way video to facilitate interaction between presenters and learners who are separated by significant distance. This guide, intended for the staff of federal, state, and local programs that…

  6. Cognitive Approaches to Automated Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regian, J. Wesley, Ed.; Shute, Valerie J., Ed.

    This book contains a snapshot of state-of-the-art research on the design of automated instructional systems. Selected cognitive psychologists were asked to describe their approach to instruction and cognitive diagnosis, the theoretical basis of the approach, its utility and applicability, and the knowledge engineering or task analysis methods…

  7. Identifying Instructional Moves during Guided Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frey, Nancy; Fisher, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    This study examined teachers' actions during small-group guided instruction as they scaffolded students' understanding. The data suggest that expert teachers use a process that has four components: questions to check for understanding, prompts for cognitive and metacognitive work, cues to alter the learners' attention, and direct explanations. As…

  8. Supervision: A Guide to Instructional Leadership-2nd Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Peter J.; Krey, Robert D.

    2005-01-01

    The first edition of this book, titled "A Design for Instructional Supervision", provided a structural framework for an effective program of instructional supervision. The basic cognitive thrust of this second edition, "Supervision: A Guide to Instructional Leadership", remains the same as the first. What has changed is the attention to the…

  9. Instructional Guide for Autobody Repair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

    The curriculum guide was developed to serve as a statewide model for Virginia auto body repair programs. The guide is designed to 1,080 hours of instruction in eleven blocks: orientation, introduction, welding and cutting, techniques of shaping metal, body filler and fiberglass repairs, body and frame, removing and replacing damaged parts, basic…

  10. Linking cognitive learning theory to instructional prescriptions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert D. Tennyson; Mariana Rasch

    1988-01-01

    This article presents an initial model of instructional design which directly links cognitive learning theory and instructional prescriptions. The major constructs of the model include components of the memory system, allocation of learning times by objectives and specific instructional methods. The model proposes that instructional time be divided so as to reach the educational goals of improvements in higher-order learning

  11. Alternative Math Techniques Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Richard

    This guide contains a collection of alternative techniques for teaching arithmetic that have proved useful in teaching both children and adults with various learning problems. Discussed first are several underlying principles of instructing individuals with learning disabilities, problems, and differences and special accommodations for…

  12. Integrating Cognitive Theory into Gagne's Instructional Events.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orey, Michael A.; And Others

    This paper explores the possibility of integrating cognitive theory into an established instructional development model, i.e., Gagne's nine events of instruction. Based on the third edition of Gagne's book, this paper describes the most up-to-date notions of how cognitive theory impacts on this development framework. Each of the nine events is…

  13. Designing Instruction That Supports Cognitive Learning Processes

    PubMed Central

    Clark, Ruth; Harrelson, Gary L.

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To provide an overview of current cognitive learning processes, including a summary of research that supports the use of specific instructional methods to foster those processes. We have developed examples in athletic training education to help illustrate these methods where appropriate. Data Sources: Sources used to compile this information included knowledge base and oral and didactic presentations. Data Synthesis: Research in educational psychology within the past 15 years has provided many principles for designing instruction that mediates the cognitive processes of learning. These include attention, management of cognitive load, rehearsal in working memory, and retrieval of new knowledge from long-term memory. By organizing instruction in the context of tasks performed by athletic trainers, transfer of learning and learner motivation are enhanced. Conclusions/Recommendations: Scientific evidence supports instructional methods that can be incorporated into lesson design and improve learning by managing cognitive load in working memory, stimulating encoding into long-term memory, and supporting transfer of learning. PMID:12937537

  14. Behavioristic and Cognitive Approaches in Programmed Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chastain, Kenneth

    Implications of the behaviorist and cognitive theories in language instruction are discussed in this article. Some contributions of Skinner, Politzer, Valette, Morton, Lane, and Mueller and Niedzielski clarify the behaviorists' view of language as a myriad of conditioned responses. In turn, the cognitive viewpoint, seen as the acquisiton and…

  15. Assessment of Cognitive Requirements of Instructional Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartford, Fred; Good, Ron

    1976-01-01

    Evaluates the CHEM study topics of kinetic theory of gases, phase changes, chemical bonds, and equilibrium as to the level of cognitive development required for an understanding of each subject. Advocates an assignment of topics within the range of a student's cognitive ability in an individual study format of instruction. (CP)

  16. Instruction Guide Recruitment Checklist: Post Doctoral Associate

    E-print Network

    Block, Louis

    Instruction Guide Recruitment Checklist: Post Doctoral Associate © Training and Organizational for a minimum of 14 days. 5. All "Post Doctoral Associate" postings must include the minimum salary based to the hiring department." #12;Instruction Guide Recruitment Checklist: Post Doctoral Associate © Training

  17. Instruction Guide Using the Search Export to

    E-print Network

    Sheremet, Alexandru

    , click the advanced search link. o Click the scrollbar on the right to scroll down. o You may search the scrollbar on the right to scroll up. #12;Instruction Guide Using the Search Export to Research POsInstruction Guide Using the Search Export to Research POs and Requisitions © Training

  18. Instruction Guide Training and Organizational Development -

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Instruction Guide © Training and Organizational Development - Office of Human Resource Services avoid overpayments that might result after the personal leave days are auto-populated in the system. Non BELOW) #12;Instruction Guide © Training and Organizational Development - Office of Human Resource

  19. Instructional Television Broadcast Guide, 1998-1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Stephanie Kay

    This broadcast guide for instructional television describes the programs offered by the Idaho State Department of Education, in affiliation with Idaho Public Television, a service offered at no charge to Idaho school districts. The body of the guide is arranged by subject area, with an alphabetical index at the end of the guide to assist in…

  20. Buyer's Guide to Computer Based Instructional Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fratini, Robert C.

    1981-01-01

    Examines the advantages and disadvantages of shared multiterminal computer based instruction (CBI) systems, dedicated multiterminal CBI systems, and stand-alone CBI systems. A series of questions guide consumers in matching a system's capabilities with an organization's needs. (MER)

  1. Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Student Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Mary W.

    These student materials are designed to accompany the Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Page numbers are consistent with the numbering in that guide. Seventeen units are provided. The materials in Unit 1 concern aspects of locating information about occupations; Unit 2 provides an introduction to the 15 occupational clusters. Each of the…

  2. Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Spanish Student Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Mary W.; And Others

    This document is the Spanish language version of the student materials component designed to accompany the Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Page numbers are consistent with numbering in that guide. Seventeen units are provided. The materials in Unit 1 concern various aspects of locating information about occupations; Unit 2 provides an…

  3. Cognitive Architecture and Instructional Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Sweller; Merrienboer van Jeroen J. G; Fred G. W. C. Paas

    1998-01-01

    Cognitive load theory has been designed to provide guidelines intended to assist in the presentation of information in a manner that encourages learner activities that optimize intellectual performance. The theory assumes a limited capacity working memory that includes partially independent subcomponents to deal with auditory\\/verbal material and visual\\/2- or 3-dimensional information as well as an effectively unlimited long-term memory, holding

  4. Career Opportunities Instructional Guide. Career Investigation. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Mary; Cegiel, Linda

    This instructional guide on career opportunities contains 17 units on the following topics: locating information about occupations; introduction to the occupational clusters; agribusiness and natural resources; business and office; communications and media; construction; consumer and homemaking; environment; fine arts and humanities; health;…

  5. Idaho Driver Education Instructional Guide. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise.

    This driver education instructional safety guide is organized in three sections: Driver Education; Motorcycle Education; and Driver Education for the Handicapped. The driver education section contains 10 units dealing with the following topics: parent orientation; student orientation; basic control skills; driver performance; driving regulations;…

  6. Mathematics, Grade 9. TEAMS Instructional Strategies Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The Texas Educational Assessement of Minimum Skills (TEAMS) was developed by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), in response to Texas House Bill 72 (1984), which mandated as new basic skills assessment program for mathematics, reading, and writing at grades 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11. This is one in a series of Instructional Strategies Guides designed to…

  7. Instruction Guide Training and Organizational Development

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Instruction Guide © Training and Organizational Development Office of Human Resource Services Office of Human Resource Services University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 Updated: January 17, 2012 be auto-approved by the next day. Figure 2: Period Effort Reduced, Average Commitment % Reduced 14. Click

  8. A Resource Guide for Iowa History Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKee, Craig W.

    The document describes a thesis project which focused on the development of a teacher resource guide as an aid in high school instruction of Iowa history. The objective was to increase students' awareness of Iowa through an examination of the state's current and past development. The project is presented in five chapters. Chapter I states the…

  9. Health Concepts, Guides for Health Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

    Concepts and supporting data pertaining to major health problems facing youth today as well as those anticipated in the next decade are enumerated in this resource. The material is designed as a reference for curriculum planners and classroom teachers in developing curriculum and teaching guides, units and instruction, and other curriculum…

  10. Instruction Guide Shopping Using a Form for Service

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Instruction Guide Shopping Using a Form for Service Updated March 31, 2014 © Office of Human guide to learn how to shop using forms in myUF Market. Use the Standard Service Request Form for any to the instruction guide, "Shopper's Guide to myUF Market" to create a new cart before shopping. Forms are found

  11. Cognitive Theory and the Design of Multimedia Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, William R.

    2004-01-01

    A research involving cognitive theory, and the pattern of multimedia information is discussed. The research has produced eight provisional rules for the multimedia approach, and indicates how cognitive science helps in generating information, while instructional research strengthens the concepts of cognitive science.

  12. Adapting Instruction to the Cognitive Demands of Learning to Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Freda T. Husic; Marcia C. Linn; Kathryn D. Sloane

    1989-01-01

    This study investigated how instructional practices influence what students learn in Pascal programming classes. The study contrasted 8 introductory and 8 AP level courses because goals of teachers, classroom activities, and assigned tasks differ. Introductory students primarily learn syntax and AP students learn to plan and debug complex problems. These differing cognitive demands would seem to require different instructional practices.

  13. Web-Based Instruction: A Guide for Libraries, Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Susan Sharpless

    2010-01-01

    Expanding on the popular, practical how-to guide for public, academic, school, and special libraries, technology expert Susan Sharpless Smith offers library instructors the confidence to take Web-based instruction into their own hands. Smith has thoroughly updated "Web-Based Instruction: A Guide for Libraries" to include new tools and trends,…

  14. Programmed Instruction Versus Guided Learning in Foreign Language Acquisition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valdman, Albert

    1968-01-01

    Criticism against the application of Skinnerian programed instruction techniques to foreign language learning is advanced, while the development of a largely self-instructional guided learning program with live teachers and other students is advocated. Major attention is directed to an explanation of the principles of programed instruction, the…

  15. Detailing Reflection Instruction: The Efficacy of a Guided Instructional Procedure on Prospective Teachers' Pedagogical Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Risko, Victoria J.; Vukelich, Carol; Roskos, Kathleen

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate instructional conditions aimed at improving future teachers' reflective thinking, to systematically trace how features of a guided instructional procedure influenced these teachers' pedagogical reasoning. The reflective thinking protocol that formed the basis of the instructional approach was built…

  16. Neuroimaging of Cognitive Load in Instructional Multimedia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whelan, Robert R.

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviews research literature on cognitive load measurement in learning and neuroimaging, and describes a mapping between the main elements of cognitive load theory and findings in functional neuroanatomy. It is argued that these findings may lead to the improved measurement of cognitive load using neuroimaging. The paper describes how…

  17. Revisiting cognitive and learning styles in computer-assisted instruction: not so useful after all.

    PubMed

    Cook, David A

    2012-06-01

    In a previous systematic review, the author proposed that adaptation to learners' cognitive and learning styles (CLSs) could improve the efficiency of computer-assisted instruction (CAI). In the present article, he questions that proposition, arguing that CLSs do not make a substantive difference in CAI. To support this argument, the author performed an updated systematic literature search, pooled new findings with those from the previous review, and reinterpreted this evidence with a focus on aptitude-treatment interactions. (An aptitude-treatment interaction occurs when a student with attribute 1 learns better with instructional approach A than with approach B, whereas a student with attribute 2 learns better with instructional approach B).Of 65 analyses reported in 48 studies, only 9 analyses (14%) showed significant interactions between CLS and instructional approach. It seems that aptitude-treatment interactions with CLSs are at best infrequent and small in magnitude. There are several possible explanations for this lack of effect. First, the influence of strong instructional methods likely dominates the impact of CLSs. Second, current methods for assessing CLSs lack validity evidence and are inadequate to accurately characterize the individual learner. Third, theories are vague, and empiric evidence is virtually nonexistent to guide the planning of style-targeted instructional designs. Adaptation to learners' CLSs thus seems unlikely to enhance CAI. The author recommends that educators focus on employing strong instructional methods. Educators might also consider assessing and adapting to learners' prior knowledge or allowing learners to select among alternate instructional approaches. PMID:22534603

  18. Instructional simulation from a cognitive psychology viewpoint

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Thurman

    1993-01-01

    The advent of the microcomputer has resulted in an increased interest in the design and use of instructional simulations. This type of simulation has the potential to enhance the transfer of learning by teaching complex mental and procedural tasks in an environment that approximates a real-world setting (Reigeluth & Schwartz, 1989). However, the microcomputer-based instructional simulations being produced today are

  19. Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Council for Computers in Education, Eugene, OR.

    Two instruments have been developed to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating educational software and courseware: the "Courseware Description" form and the "Courseware Evaluation" form. Complete instructions for using both forms are provided in this guide, along with the forms themselves. Prior to the instructions is an introductory…

  20. Teaching Multiplication to Low Math Performers: Guided versus Structured Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.; van Luit, Johannes E. H.

    2002-01-01

    Reports the results of an intervention program for students with difficulties learning mathematics. Compared two kinds of math intervention, guided versus structured instruction, to regular math instruction for students from regular and special education aged seven to thirteen and concludes that both forms of intervention were effective for low…

  1. Seafood Products: An Instructional Guide for Home Economics Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Anita H.; And Others

    The instructional materials contained in this guide are designed for consumer and nutrition education and have been structured in accordance with federal regulations for vocational consumer and homemaking educational programs. Instructional objectives and activities are divided into three levels: level 1 for youth in exploratory/beginning…

  2. Multimedia Instructional Design Corresponded to Cognitive Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hongjuan Zhang; Yunxia Wang; Baohua Zhao; Guijie Li; Yongjian Lou

    2008-01-01

    Multimedia extends the amount and type of information available to learners, but multimedia itself doesn’t mean effective\\u000a learning outcomes. A successful instruction needs to be designed with a great deal of consideration. And it is assumed that\\u000a multimedia instruction messages that are designed in light of how the human mind works are more likely to lead to meaningful\\u000a learning than

  3. From behaviourism to cognitive behaviourism to cognitive development: Steps in the evolution of instructional design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robbie Case; Carl Bereiter

    1984-01-01

    The recent history of instructional technology is traced, starting with the work of Skinner, moving on to the task analytic approach of Gagné, and following through to contemporary efforts associated with the “cognitive revolution.” It is suggested that an understanding of the process of cognitive development may enable us to build on and improve earlier approaches, by adapting them more

  4. Training versus Instruction in the Acquisition of Cognitive Learning Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstein, Claire E.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    This study compared the effectiveness of techniques for teaching cognitive learning strategies. Training was found superior to simple instructions with: (1) the method of loci for serial recall learning; and (2) short-answer test on easy reading material, but not with difficult readings or multiple-choice tests. (Author/RD)

  5. Training Versus Instructions in the Acquisition of Cognitive Learning Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstein, Claire E.; And Others

    Three studies were performed to investigate the effects of training versus instructions in the acquisition of cognitive learning strategies. Groups of undergraduate students were taught to use one or more strategies. The amount and type of training differed for each of the experimental groups. Strategies taught included the method of loci,…

  6. Instructional Interactions of Students with Cognitive Disabilities: Sequential Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Ockjean; Hupp, Susan C.

    2007-01-01

    We studied instructional interactions through semi-structured observation of 13 student- teacher dyads involving elementary students with cognitive disabilities. Special educators' use of directions and responses of differing modes and types was analyzed. Student task-engagement behaviors (i.e., active engage, disruptive, passive on-task,…

  7. Subject Variables in Cognitive Self-Instructional Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copeland, Anne P.; Hammel, Robert

    Cognitive self-instructional (CSI) programs have been successful in improving problem-solving skills in many, but not all, children. The importance of understanding the influence of subject characteristics in self-control studies, while often ignored in actual research, has been repeatedly advocated verbally. This paper presents a study designed…

  8. Composition Instruction and Cognitive Performance: Results of a Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bugos, Jennifer; Jacobs, Edward

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a composition program, Composers in Public Schools (CiPS), on cognitive skills essential for academic success. The underlying hypothesis is that composition instruction will promote creative expression and increase performance on music-specific skills such as music reading, as well as foster…

  9. Mathematics Instruction and PASS Cognitive Processes: An Intervention Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naglieri, Jack A.; Gottling, Suzanne H.

    1997-01-01

    Instruction designed to facilitate planning was provided to 12 math students (ages 9-12) with learning disabilities to determine if there would be differential effects on individual students. Teaching control and regulation of cognitive activity was beneficial for all students but was especially helpful for those with poor planning skills.…

  10. Instruction Guide Shopping With the Punch-Out Websites

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Instruction Guide Shopping With the Punch-Out Websites Updated February 13, 2014 © Office of Human guide to learn how to shop the punch-outs in myUF Market and add selections to your cart. Punch, segregated by product type. Some suppliers will have a flyout menu with a link to the punch-out website. Shop

  11. Instructional interactions of students with cognitive disabilities: sequential analysis.

    PubMed

    Kim, Ockjean; Hupp, Susan C

    2007-03-01

    We studied instructional interactions through semi-structured observation of 13 student- teacher dyads involving elementary students with cognitive disabilities. Special educators' use of directions and responses of differing modes and types was analyzed. Student task-engagement behaviors (i.e., active engage, disruptive, passive on-task, off-task) provided a context for understanding differences in teacher styles. Results indicate that teacher directions were followed by student active engagement; and teacher responses, by student passive task-orientation. This higher quality feedback from students, together with outerdirectedness of students with cognitive disabilities, is postulated as a mechanism that maintains a high level of teacher directiveness. Sequential relationship patterns changed as student engagement levels varied, suggesting a child-driven model of teacher-child instructional interactions. PMID:17295557

  12. Nutrition and Food Science. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hays, Tricia

    This teaching, guide for a high school nutrition and food science course, includes introductory information about the course, course design, facilities and equipment, Future Homemakers of America, and use of the guide. The course addresses nutrition and food science from the perspective of food habits and wellness; menu planning; special dietary…

  13. Using Cognitive Biases to Guide Feature Set Selection Claire Cardie

    E-print Network

    Cardie, Claire

    Using Cognitive Biases to Guide Feature Set Selection Claire Cardie Department of Computer Science limitations. In this paper, we examine three well­known cognitive biases: 1) the tendency to rely on the most cognitive biases and limitations are incorporated into the representation. 1 Introduction Inductive concept

  14. Cognitive Aging and Computer-Based Instructional Design: Where Do We Go From Here?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pascal W. M. Van Gerven; Fred Paas; Huib K. Tabbers

    2006-01-01

    In this article, themost relevant literature on cognitive aging and instructional design is merged to formulate recommendations for designing computer-based training material aimed at elderly learners. The core message is that researchers and instructional designers do not need to develop special computerized instruction for older adults. Rather, existing principles of general instructional and multimedia design can be evaluated and used

  15. Profile Guided Selection of ARM and Thumb Instructions

    E-print Network

    Gupta, Rajiv

    Profile Guided Selection of ARM and Thumb Instructions Arvind Krishnaswamy Department of Computer of Computer Science The University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona 85721 gupta@cs.arizona.edu ABSTRACT The ARM processor core is a leading processor design for the em- bedded domain. In the embedded domain, both memory

  16. Health Occupations Education. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide. Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    This manual is the first part of a two-volume teacher's guide to a series of instructional units for use in health occupations education programs in Texas. Covered in the 10 units included in this volume are the following topics: taking and recording vital signs; job applications and interviews; grooming and personal hygiene; health careers;…

  17. Instructional Computing--A Planning Guide: Reaching for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutts, Pat Achey, Ed.

    This guide was developed to serve as a catalyst in the design of long-range school district plans for the integration of computers into the curriculum and to assist districts in creating and controlling the direction they pursue in regard to instructional uses of the microcomputer. It raises questions, presents alternatives, and offers an…

  18. General Metal Trades Book I. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    This teacher's guide provides instructional materials for a 10-unit course in the General Metal Trades program. Each unit includes most or all of these basic components: performance objectives (unit and specific objectives), suggested teaching activities (a sheet outlining steps to follow to accomplish specific objectives), information sheets,…

  19. 1989-90 Instructional Television Building Coordinator's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Educational Television Network Columbia.

    Designed to help instructional technology building coordinators with the integration of television, radio, and computer resources into their schools' curricula, this guide/calendar is designed for use throughout the year as a scheduling aid and reference manual. The first of two major sections covers 35 topics, including the following major areas:…

  20. Health Occupations Education. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide. Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Catherine

    This manual is the second part of a two-volume teacher's guide to a series of instructional units for use in health occupations education programs in Texas. Covered in the 10 units included in this volume are the following topics: special procedures (administering oxygen to patients; using elastic bandages; assisting with postural drainage; and…

  1. General Metal Trades. Book II. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hohhertz, Durwin

    This teacher's guide was developed to aid in presenting units on general metal trades to students in Texas. The units are intended to provide students with basic knowledge and skills for each area of instruction in the general metal trades, and with the basic entry-level skills they will need to have in order to enter industry as trained workers.…

  2. Instruction Guide Shopping Using the Non-Catalog Item Form

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Instruction Guide Shopping Using the Non-Catalog Item Form Updated February 14, 2014 © Office is much easier with the new auto-complete search feature that searches like a "contains"! Access my-Catalog Item Form Updated February 14, 2014 © Office of Human Resource Services, University of Florida

  3. Study Guide and Instructional Materials for "Growing Years" Telecourse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franz, Wanda; Rubin, Mary Sue

    This document consists of a study guide and instructional materials for West Virginia University's telecourse on child development titled "The Growing Years." Included are orientation materials (including course objectives, course materials lists, course requirements), a broadcast schedule for the 30 showings, an assignment sheet, format sheets…

  4. Industrial Ecology Instructional Guide for the Industrial Arts Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Oswego. Coll. at Oswego. Dept. of Industrial Arts and Technology.

    The detailed guide was prepared to help industrial arts personnel direct their students in a unit on environmental education, specifically geared for the industrial arts laboratory, which employs the Maryland Plan for implementing the unit method of instruction. Guidelines for implementing the program are based on experience with pilot projects…

  5. Food Science and Technology. Teacher's Instructional Guide [and] Reference Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Sciences.

    This reference book and teacher's instructional guide are intended for use in one- and two-year food science and technology programs for Texas high school students. The reference book provides information needed by employees in the food science and technology occupational area. Each chapter includes the following components: (1) a list of the…

  6. Social Science Instructional Guides: High School (Grades 9-12).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartman, Carl; And Others

    The guide, part of a social science learning continuum from first through twelfth grades, contains outlines for two-semester social studies courses for grades 9-12. Three components comprise each section: time allocations for units, instructional objectives, and a content outline. The Grade 9 course, Cultures of the Non-Western World, contains…

  7. Instruction Guide General Information Services, Inc. (GiS)

    E-print Network

    Butler, Laurie J.

    Instruction Guide General Information Services, Inc. (GiS) EQuest+ Ordering and Viewing Process with your organization. GiS will contact you directly if we are in need of a copy of the signed REPORT 1. Go to website address: https://apps.geninfo.com/Login.aspx?CompanyParm=GIS-US 2. At the EQUEST

  8. Beginning English: An Instructional Guide for ESL Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brower, Lynne

    An instructional guide for English as a Second Language (ESL) teachers is presented in this volume. The 18-week program contains the following modules, each of which includes sections on civics and structure: human relations; general information; housing; consumer education (money, banking, and shopping modules); occupations; health (two modules…

  9. Instructional Television Facilities: A Planning Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witherspoon, John P.; Kessler, William J.

    When planning an instructional television (ITV) system, it is suggested that educational objectives should outweigh technological considerations and that expert advice be secured before the planning process is far advanced. In line with the latter suggestion, the book offers a background of technical knowledge aimed at educational administrators…

  10. The Influence of Cognitive Domain Content Levels and Gender on Designer Judgments Regarding Useful Instructional Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honebein, Peter C.; Honebein, Cass H.

    2014-01-01

    Instructional theory is intended to guide instructional designers in selecting the best instructional methods for a given situation. There have been numerous qualitative investigations into how instructional designers make decisions and the alignment of those decisions with theoretical influences. The purpose of this research is to more…

  11. The Effects of Metaphorical Interface on Germane Cognitive Load in Web-Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheon, Jongpil; Grant, Michael M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a metaphorical interface on germane cognitive load in Web-based instruction. Based on cognitive load theory, germane cognitive load is a cognitive investment for schema construction and automation. A new instrument developed in a previous study was used to measure students' mental activities…

  12. Self-Instructional Cognitive Training to Reduce Impulsive Cognitive Style in Children with Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera-Flores, Gladys Wilma

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Children with attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have an impulsive, rigid and field-dependent cognitive style. This study examines whether self-instructional cognitive training reduces impulsive cognitive style in children diagnosed with this disorder. Method: The subjects were 10 children between the ages of 6 and…

  13. Auto Technician: An Instructional Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This guide is designed to help teachers in automotive technician programs for grades 11 and 12 teach the critical competencies of the program. The critical competencies covered are the Priority 1 competencies in Ohio Occupational Competency Assessment Profile (OCAP) for Automotive Technician. Teacher materials include program/instructor resources,…

  14. Resident Outdoor Education Program. Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Jonathan; Deem, Robert

    An extensive list of outdoor education activities that can be integrated into the traditional curriculum is presented in this guide. Activities are arranged by grade (from kindergarten through sixth) and by subject areas taught at each grade level. Subjects covered in grades 1-6 are science, social studies, language arts, mathematics, art, music,…

  15. Should there be a three-strikes rule against pure discovery learning? The case for guided methods of instruction.

    PubMed

    Mayer, Richard E

    2004-01-01

    The author's thesis is that there is sufficient research evidence to make any reasonable person skeptical about the benefits of discovery learning--practiced under the guise of cognitive constructivism or social constructivism--as a preferred instructional method. The author reviews research on discovery of problem-solving rules culminating in the 1960s, discovery of conservation strategies culminating in the 1970s, and discovery of LOGO programming strategies culminating in the 1980s. In each case, guided discovery was more effective than pure discovery in helping students learn and transfer. Overall, the constructivist view of learning may be best supported by methods of instruction that involve cognitive activity rather than behavioral activity, instructional guidance rather than pure discovery, and curricular focus rather than unstructured exploration. PMID:14736316

  16. Teaching to the Task: Preservice Teachers' Instruction for Cognitively Demanding Writing Tasks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benko, Susanna Latham

    2012-01-01

    In this study, I examine the instruction of four preservice English teachers (PSTs) for cognitively demanding literature-based writing tasks in order to investigate the types of tasks that PSTs identify as cognitively demanding, how PSTs' instruction for such tasks maintains or degrades the task's intellectual rigor, and possible…

  17. Effectiveness of Cognitive Skills-Based Computer-Assisted Instruction for Students with Disabilities: A Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weng, Pei-Lin; Maeda, Yukiko; Bouck, Emily C.

    2014-01-01

    Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) for students with disabilities can be categorized into the following categories: visual, auditory, mobile, and cognitive skills-based CAI. Cognitive-skills based CAI differs from other types of CAI largely in terms of an emphasis on instructional design features. We conducted both systematic review of…

  18. Explore Elementary Teachers' Professional Knowledge of Guiding Science Fair Product by Using Different Instruction Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Chow-Chin

    2013-01-01

    This research is about using two different instruction models, "theory course combined with sample introduction" and "theory course combined with case method teaching", to instruct elementary teachers on how to guide the science fair product in two courses (16 and 12 teachers in each class) and observe their guiding tactics after the instructed

  19. Two Approaches to Phonics Instruction: Comparison of Effects with Children with Significant Cognitive Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finnegan, Elizabeth Grace

    2012-01-01

    The effects of two systematic methods of phonics instruction for children with significant cognitive disability were compared. Fifty-two participants, aged 5-12 years were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: (i) a synthetic phonics instruction, (ii) an analogy phonics instruction group, and (iii) a control group. Participants in…

  20. The Relationships between Cognitive Style of Field Dependence and Learner Variables in E-Learning Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sozcu, Omer Faruk

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the relationships between cognitive styles of field dependent learners with their attitudes towards e-learning (distance education) and instructional behavior in e-learning instruction. The Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) and the attitude survey (for students' preferences) towards e-learning instruction as distance…

  1. Cognitive Strategies: A Multicomponential Conception of Strategy Use and Strategy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braten, Ivar

    1993-01-01

    It is argued that efficient use of cognitive strategies also involves domain-specific knowledge, metacognition, and motivation. Issues concerning cognitive strategy instruction are explored, and it is concluded that a hybrid model representing a compromise between the notion of cognitive strategies and current connectionism may best portray human…

  2. Cognitive Load Theory, Educational Research, and Instructional Design: Some Food for Thought

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Jong, Ton

    2010-01-01

    Cognitive load is a theoretical notion with an increasingly central role in the educational research literature. The basic idea of cognitive load theory is that cognitive capacity in working memory is limited, so that if a learning task requires too much capacity, learning will be hampered. The recommended remedy is to design instructional systems…

  3. A Combined Behavioral-Cognitive Orientation to an Instructional Design on Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, W. Michael

    To explain how writing is both cognitive and behavioral, this paper compares and contrasts behavioral and cognitive orientations within an instructional design. The first section addresses the weaknesses and strengths of a behavioral versus a cognitive orientation and relates them to Janet Emig's 1971 study, "The Composing Processes of Twelfth…

  4. Teacher-Coordinator's Guide for Related Instruction in Multi-Occupation Cooperative Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spooner, Kendrick, Ed.; Mutter, Marylouise, Ed.

    The product of two teacher-coordinator workshops, the guide represents the cooperative efforts of the teacher participants and provides supplementary instructional materials for secondary school multioccupational cooperative programs. The first section of the guide is intended for use in large group classroom instruction and deals with the goals,…

  5. Teacher's Guide to Accompany "Artes Latinae," the Encyclopaedia Britannica Latin Instructional System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masciantonio, Rudolph; And Others

    This guide, a supplement to the "Artes Latinae Level One Teacher's Manual," prepared for use in the School District of Philadelphia, focuses primarily on how to adapt this course, intended for individualized instruction, to group instruction. Discussion of the multisensory instructional system includes remarks concerning the use of films, study…

  6. Cognitive Apprenticeship as an Instructional Strategy for Solving Corporate Training Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Peter; Miller, Ronald; Monroe, Eula

    2009-01-01

    Cognitive apprenticeship is a teaching approach proponed by social constructivist educators that scaffolds upon students' "zones of proximal development" in authentic situations. It is an effective approach used by teachers of instructional technology when teaching student practitioners. Nevertheless, implementation of instructional design…

  7. Bibliographic Instructional Design for Information Literacy: Integrating Affective and Cognitive Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nahl-Jakobovits, Diane; Jakobovits, Leon A.

    1993-01-01

    Describes bibliographic instructional design, a method that combines the systems approach of instructional design with the behavioral taxonomy approach. Highlights include integrating affective, cognitive, and sensorimotor objectives; and three levels of information literacy, including critical thinking, using information retrieval knowledge, and…

  8. Cognitive Strategy Instruction and Mathematical Problem-Solving Performance of Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montague, Marjorie; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Junior high school students (n=72) with learning disabilities received direct instruction in cognitive strategies, instruction in metacognitive activities, or both. Students improved in mathematical word problem performance and compared well with normally achieving peers. Discussion focuses on the treatment effects and maintenance and the issue of…

  9. Cognitive Behavior Modification, Direct Instruction and Holistic Approaches to the Education of Students with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarver, Sara G.

    1986-01-01

    Cognitive behavior modification (CBM), Direct Instruction (DI), and holistic approaches to the education of students with learning disabilities are compared for purposes of identifying similarities and differences in instructional practice. Comparative discussions are organized around four distinctions: specific vs. general, bottom-up vs.…

  10. Cognitive Advantages of Blending with Material Anchors in Energy Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Close, Hunter; Close, Eleanor; Scherr, Rachel; McKagan, Sarah

    2012-03-01

    Conceptual blending theory [1] explains how the human imagination creates unreal situations that help us think about reality. In these imaginary blended situations, we establish new correspondences, interactions, and dynamics, and the outcomes of the dynamics lend insight to the nature of various real situations that were used to compose the blend. Blends are not just in the head, however; in some cases, a material system participates in the blend by lending its material structure as conceptual structure [2]. In the instructional activity Energy Theater [3], people represent units of energy and move around in order to solve puzzles of energy transfer and transformation. We use the ideas of blending and material anchors to understand how learners are able to use the representation to their cognitive advantage. [4pt] [1] Fauconnier, G. & Turner, M. (2002). The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books.[0pt] [2] Hutchins, E. (2005) Material anchors for conceptual blends. Journal of Pragmatics 37, 1555-1577.[0pt] [3] Scherr, R. E., Close, H. G., McKagan, S. B., & Close, E. W. (2010) ``Energy Theater'': Using the body symbolically to understand energy. In C. Singh, M. Sabella, & S. Rebello (Eds.) 2010 PERC Proceedings. Melville, NY: AIP Press.

  11. Indiana University Cognitive Science Program 2014 Graduate Student Orientation Guide

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    Indiana University Cognitive Science Program 2014 Graduate Student Orientation Guide Administration Colin Allen: Director, 812-855-8916 (colallen@indiana.edu) Peter Todd: Director of Graduate Studies, 812-855-3914 (pmtodd@indiana.edu) Joshua Brown: Director of Undergraduate Studies, 812-855-9282 (jwmbrown@indiana

  12. Indiana University Cognitive Science Program 2012 Graduate Student Orientation Guide

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    Indiana University Cognitive Science Program 2012 Graduate Student Orientation Guide Administration Colin Allen: Director, 812-855-8916 (colallen@indiana.edu) Peter Todd: Director of Graduate Studies, 812-855-3914 (pmtodd@indiana.edu) Jonathan Crystal: Director of Undergraduate Studies, 812

  13. Cognitive Type Theory & Learning Style, A Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mamchur, Carolyn

    This guide provides a practical explanation of cognitive type theory and learning style that will help teachers meet students' needs and discover their own strengths as teachers and colleagues. The introduction provides an overview of the book from the perspective of a high school classroom teacher. Part One introduces the theory of psychological…

  14. Cognitive Research and Elementary Science Instruction: From the Laboratory, to the Classroom, and Back

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Klahr; Junlei Li

    2005-01-01

    Can cognitive research generate usable knowledge for elementary science instruction? Can issues raised by classroom practice drive the agenda of laboratory cognitive research? Answering yes to both questions, we advocate building a reciprocal interface between basic and applied research. We discuss five studies of the teaching, learning, and transfer of the “Control of Variables Strategy” in elementary school science. Beginning

  15. Archery: A Planning Guide for Group and Individual Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

    This instructor's manual for group or individual instruction in archery includes line drawings as illustrations. The manual advances from facilities to beginning instruction and general instructional practices (safety tips, instructional aids, archery etiquette) to intermediate instruction (discussions of causes of faulty arrow flight, analysis of…

  16. Assessment and Instructional Guide for the Georgia Grade Five Writing Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coverson, Clenda; Rogan, Bob; Epps, Traci; Schmitt, Debra; Evans, Debbie; Suddeth, Karen; Harris-Wright, Kelli; Thomas, Melverlyn; Harmon, Deborah; Whaley, Rebecca; Parker, Cheri; Peters, Shan

    The purpose of this guide is to assist teachers in preparing their students to write effectively in all contexts, including the Georgia Grade Five Writing Assessment. Teachers are encouraged to make optimal instructional use of the information in this guide by creating transparencies and handouts for students. The guide includes a revising/editing…

  17. Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level I (9 Week).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

    Designed for students in grades 7 and 8, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for ten units of instruction (nine-week class): (1) orientation; (2) understanding electricity; (3) safety; (4) methods to generate electricity; (5) wiring tools and wire; (6) soldering; (7) magnetism and electromagnetism; (8)…

  18. Industrial Education. Electricity/Electronics Curriculum Guide, Phase II. Instructional Modules, Level I (18 Week).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lillo, Robert E.; Soffiotto, Nicholas S.

    Designed for students in grades 7 and 8, this electricity/electronics curriculum guide contains instructional modules for twelve units of instruction: (1) orientation; (2) understanding electricity; (3) safety; (4) methods to generate electricity; (5) wiring tools and wire; (6) soldering; (7) magnetism and electromagnetism; (8) circuits, symbols,…

  19. Using a guided inquiry and modeling instructional framework (EIMA) to support preservice K-8 science teaching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christina V. Schwarz; Yovita N. Gwekwerere

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents results from a study aimed at helping preservice elementary and middle school teachers incorporate model-centered scientific inquiry into their science teaching practices. Specifically, the authors studied the effect of using a guided inquiry and modeling instructional framework (EIMA) and accompanying science methods instruction on preservice elementary teachers' science lesson design skills, scientific model use, and teaching orientations.

  20. Entelek Programmed Instruction Guide. Volume l: Elementary/High School. 3rd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Entelek, Inc., Newburyport, MA.

    Individualized instruction has become an important objective in schools. This programmed instruction guide provides information about the ENTELEK system for elementary and high schools. The data bank covers a variety of subject areas and is catalogued according to the Dewey Decimal System: library; psychology; logic; political science; economics;…

  1. A Cognitive Strategy Instruction to Improve Math Calculation for Children with ADHD and LD: A Randomized Controlled Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iseman, Jackie S.; Naglieri, Jack A.

    2011-01-01

    The authors examined the effectiveness of cognitive strategy instruction based on PASS (Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive) given by special education teachers to students with ADHD randomly assigned by classroom. Students in the experimental group were exposed to a brief cognitive strategy instruction for 10 days, which was designed to…

  2. Retaining At-Risk Students in School Using a Cognitive-based Instructional System: Teachers' Reflection in Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boutin, France; Chinien, Christian A.

    1998-01-01

    Among junior high school students at risk of dropout, 45 with cognitive skill deficits were taught using the Cognitive-Based Instructional System (CBIS) and compared with 27 controls. Teachers using CBIS felt empowered to engineer instruction for at-risk students; CBIS's reflection in action helped change their beliefs about teaching and learning.…

  3. Interactive orbital proximity operations planning system instruction and training guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grunwald, Arthur J.; Ellis, Stephen R.

    1994-01-01

    This guide instructs users in the operation of a Proximity Operations Planning System. This system uses an interactive graphical method for planning fuel-efficient rendezvous trajectories in the multi-spacecraft environment of the space station and allows the operator to compose a multi-burn transfer trajectory between orbit initial chaser and target trajectories. The available task time (window) of the mission is predetermined and the maneuver is subject to various operational constraints, such as departure, arrival, spatial, plume impingement, and en route passage constraints. The maneuvers are described in terms of the relative motion experienced in a space station centered coordinate system. Both in-orbital plane as well as out-of-orbital plane maneuvering is considered. A number of visual optimization aids are used for assisting the operator in reaching fuel-efficient solutions. These optimization aids are based on the Primer Vector theory. The visual feedback of trajectory shapes, operational constraints, and optimization functions, provided by user-transparent and continuously active background computations, allows the operator to make fast, iterative design changes that rapidly converge to fuel-efficient solutions. The planning tool is an example of operator-assisted optimization of nonlinear cost functions.

  4. The Influence of Two Languages of Instruction on Students' Levels of Cognitive Development and Achievement in Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehindero, Olusola J.

    1980-01-01

    Examines whether instructing Nigerian primary children in science in their mother tongue (Yoruba) is any more efficacious than instructing them in science in the English language. Also assesses and compares the levels of cognitive development of two groups of Yoruba-speaking children, one instructed in Yoruba and another in English. (CS)

  5. Using Psychological Type as a Guide for Successful Online Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Lise

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the instructor's role in moving courses to an online environment and uses the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) as a framework for describing instructional strategies and how to select them based on an instructor's MBTI preferences. Includes an instrument for determining your instructional type, suggestions for appropriate instructional

  6. Designing LibGuides as Instructional Tools for Critical Thinking and Effective Online Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Ruth L.

    2014-01-01

    Did you ever wish for an easy-to-maintain tool to create course-level or assignment-level instruction for online or distance students? LibGuides can provide the solution! LibGuides provide a versatile and easy-to-maintain platform for delivering step-by-step, scaffolded tutorials that enhance learning outcomes through chunking, reduced strain on…

  7. Perspective, Instruction, and Cognitive Style in Spatial Representation of a Virtual Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francesca Pazzaglia; Holly A. Taylor

    2007-01-01

    An environment can be experienced by moving around in it, inspecting it from above, studying a map, or listening to a verbal description. How does learning from different spatial perspectives together with instructions to focus on particular aspects of an environment, affect one's cognitive map? Fifty-four undergraduates (30 females, 24 males) learned a route through an urban virtual environment from

  8. Differential Relations of Constructivist and Didactic Instruction to Students' Cognition, Motivation, and Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nie, Youyan; Lau, Shun

    2010-01-01

    This study examined how constructivist and didactic instruction was related to students' cognitive, motivational, and achievement outcomes in English classrooms, using a sample of 3000 Grade 9 students from 108 classrooms in 39 secondary schools in Singapore. Results of hierarchical linear modeling showed differential cross-level relations. After…

  9. The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Chinese Reading Comprehension among Hong Kong Low Achieving Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Kit-ling; Chan, David W.

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive strategy instruction (CSI) on Chinese reading comprehension of Hong Kong low achieving students. A total of 88 Grade 7 students from four intact Chinese language remedial groups were randomly assigned to treatment and control conditions. Students in the treatment group received a…

  10. A Cognitive-Apprenticeship-Inspired Instructional Approach for Teaching Scientific Writing and Reading

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David W. Gatchell

    2006-11-01

    This article presents an approach for integrating instruction of scientific writing and reading into undergraduate science courses, inspired by the pedagogical theory of cognitive apprenticeship. Included, is a demonstration of its implementation and a description of a study of students' feedback that enabled developers to elicit students' difficulties and fine-tune the next application accordingly.

  11. Cognitive Effects of Chess Instruction on Students at Risk for Academic Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hong, Saahoon; Bart, William M.

    2007-01-01

    Cognitive effects of chess instruction on students at risk for academic failure was examined. Thirty-eight students, from three elementary schools, participated in this study. The experimental group received a ninety-minute chess lesson once per week over a three-month period; and the control group students regularly attended school activities…

  12. Instructional Benefits of Spoken Words: A Review of Cognitive Load Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalyuga, Slava

    2012-01-01

    Spoken words have always been an important component of traditional instruction. With the development of modern educational technology tools, spoken text more often replaces or supplements written or on-screen textual representations. However, there could be a cognitive load cost involved in this trend, as spoken words can have both benefits and…

  13. The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on the Mathematical Problem Solving of Adolescents with Spina Bifida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coughlin, Judy; Montague, Marjorie

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of three adolescents with spina bifida. Conditions of the multiple-baseline across-individuals design included baseline, two levels of treatment, posttesting, and maintenance. Treatment 1 focused on one-step math problems, and Treatment 2…

  14. Evaluating the Evidence Base for Cognitive Strategy Instruction and Mathematical Problem Solving

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montague, Marjorie; Dietz, Samantha

    2009-01-01

    This review considers both the content and methodologies of 5 single-subject and 2 group experimental design studies investigating the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of students with disabilities, using quality indicators proposed by Horner et al. (2005) and Gersten et al. (2005). Findings indicated…

  15. Effects of Constructivist-Oriented Instruction on Elementary School Students' Cognitive Structures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was primarily to explore the effects of constructivist-oriented instruction on fifth graders' cognitive structures about biological reproduction. Furthermore, such effects on different science achievers were also investigated. The subjects of this study were 69 eleven year olds in Taiwan, who were assigned to either a…

  16. Considering Perception and Cognition in the Design of an Instructional Software Package

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Beichner

    1995-01-01

    An instructional multimedia software package was developed for use by students taking introductory physics courses. Studies have indicated that many of these students possess a set of common misunderstandings of graphs describing the motion of objects. The software described here was constructed as a student tool which would specifically address these difficulties. The impact of educational psychology, cognitive science, and

  17. Cognitive Development and Science Instruction: A Review of Some Recent Research Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padilla, Michael

    Reviewed are several pertinent research articles dealing with cognitive development, Piaget's theories, and science instruction, especially those that relate to procedures that can be implemented by classroom teachers. The research findings on developmental levels of Piaget discuss: (1) tasks that indicate a change from preoperational to concrete…

  18. The Effect of Cognitive Self-Instructions on Preservice Teacher's Anxiety about Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, Beverly D.; Manning, Brenda H.

    1990-01-01

    Sixty-seven female elementary education preservice teachers participated in a cognitive self-instructional procedure aimed at eliminating or reducing negative emotions related to student teaching by altering their self-talk. The training program significantly reduced subjects' anxiety about teaching. (SLD)

  19. Applying Cognitive Linguistics to Instructed L2 Learning: The English Modals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Andrea; Mueller, Charles M.; Ho, Vu

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a quasi-experimental effects-of-instruction study examining the efficacy of applying a Cognitive Linguistic (CL) approach to L2 learning of the semantics of English modals. In spite of their frequency in typical input, modal verbs present L2 learners with difficulties, party due to their inherent…

  20. Training the Developing Brain Part II: Cognitive Considerations for Youth Instruction and Feedback.

    PubMed

    Kushner, Adam M; Kiefer, Adam W; Lesnick, Samantha; Faigenbaum, Avery D; Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita; Myer, Gregory D

    2015-01-01

    Growing numbers of youth participating in competitive, organized physical activity have led to a concern for the risk of sports-related injuries during important periods of human development. Recent studies have demonstrated the ability of integrative neuromuscular training (INT) to enhance athletic performance and reduce the risk of sports-related injuries in youth. Successful implementation of INT necessitates instruction from knowledgeable and qualified instructors who understand the unique physical, cognitive, and psychosocial characteristics of the youth to provide appropriate training instruction and feedback. Principles of a classical theory of cognitive development provide a useful context for discussion of developmentally appropriate methods and strategies for INT instruction of youth. INT programs that consider these developmentally appropriate approaches will provide a controlled efficacious environment for youth to improve athletic performance and reduce risk of sports-related injury, thus promoting a healthy active lifestyle beyond an individual's formative years. PMID:25968858

  1. Applying Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development to Mathematics Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ojose, Bobby

    2008-01-01

    This paper is based on a presentation given at National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) in 2005 in Anaheim, California. It explicates the developmental stages of the child as posited by Piaget. The author then ties each of the stages to developmentally appropriate mathematics instruction. The implications in terms of not imposing…

  2. Leading for Powerful Learning: A Guide for Instructional Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breidenstein, Angela; Fahey, Kevin; Glickman, Carl; Hensley, Frances

    2012-01-01

    Supporting teacher learning is a complicated and challenging task. This much-awaited book offers a practical, research-based framework for thinking about instructional leadership, along with the necessary resources and tools for improving practice. The authors identify specific structures, formats, and strategies that an instructional leader can…

  3. Web-Based Instruction: A Practical Guide for Online Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Keuren, James

    2006-01-01

    This book details ways in which faculty members can design web-based and web-assisted instructional delivery approaches to provide students with the opportunity to learn anytime and anyplace. It stresses the paradigm shift in using technology as an alternative instructional delivery tool but at the same time recognizes that the course design and…

  4. Cognitive Theories, Prior Knowledge, and Anchored Instruction on Mathematical Problem Solving and Transfer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serafino, Kathleen; Cicchelli, Terry

    2003-01-01

    Tested the effects of prior knowledge and two instructional models--structured problem solving and guided generation (GG)--on mathematical problem solving and transfer to an analogous task. Data on students with high and low prior knowledge highlighted significant main effects for prior knowledge, significant differences on transfer to analogous…

  5. Functional Internet Literacy: Required Cognitive Skills with Implications for Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Genevieve Marie

    2007-01-01

    Patterns of typical Internet use provide the basis for defining "functional Internet literacy." Internet use commonly includes communication, information, recreation, and commercial activities. Technical competence with connectivity, security, and downloads is a prerequisite for using the Internet for such activities. Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive

  6. Integrating cognitive task analysis into instructional systems development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan M. Ryder; Richard E. Redding

    1993-01-01

    Traditional methods for task analysis and training design, such as those embodied in Instructional Systems Development (ISD),\\u000a decompose jobs into discrete tasks composed of specific action sequences and identify prerequisite knowledge and skills for\\u000a each task. Although these methods have been effective for designing training for simple procedural skills, they offer little\\u000a insight for analysis or training of jobs involving

  7. Cognition and Instruction: Reasoning about bias in sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watson, Jane; Kelly, Ben

    2005-02-01

    Although sampling has been mentioned as part of the chance and data component of the mathematics curriculum since about 1990, little research attention has been aimed specifically at school students' understanding of this descriptive area. This study considers the initial understanding of bias in sampling by 639 students in grades 3, 5, 7, and 9. Three hundred and forty-one of these students then undertook a series of lessons on chance and data with an emphasis on chance, data handling, sampling, and variation. A post-test was administered to 285 of these students and two years later all available students from the original group (328) were again tested. This study considers the initial level of understanding of students, the nature of the lessons undertaken at each grade level, the post-instruction performance of those who undertook lessons, and the longitudinal performance after two years of all available students. Overall instruction was associated with improved performance, which was retained over two years but there was little difference between those who had or had not experienced instruction. Results for specific grades, some of which went against the overall trend are discussed, as well as educational implications for the teaching of sampling across the years of schooling based on the classroom observations and the changes observed.

  8. The Effects of Instructions on Dual-Task Walking and Cognitive Task Performance in People with Parkinson's Disease

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, Valerie E.; Eusterbrock, Alexis J.; Shumway-Cook, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Gait impairments are prevalent among people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Instructions to focus on walking can improve walking in PD, but the use of such a cognitive strategy may be limited under dual-task walking conditions, when walking is performed simultaneously with concurrent cognitive or motor tasks. This study examined how dual-task performance of walking and a concurrent cognitive task was affected by instructions in people with PD compared to healthy young and older individuals. Dual-task walking and cognitive task performance was characterized under two sets of instructions as follows: (1) focus on walking and (2) focus on the cognitive task. People with PD and healthy adults walked faster when instructed to focus on walking. However, when focused on walking, people with PD and young adults demonstrated declines in the cognitive task. This suggests that dual-task performance is flexible and can be modified by instructions in people with PD, but walking improvements may come at a cost to cognitive task performance. The ability to modify dual-task performance in response to instructions or other task and environmental factors is critical to mobility in daily life. Future research should continue to examine factors that influence dual-task performance among people with PD. PMID:23326758

  9. Instructional Coaches and the Instructional Leadership Team: A Guide for School-Building Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaulding, Dean T.; Smith, Gail

    2012-01-01

    For instructional coaches, no two days are ever the same. This unique companion melds theory and practice to show how coaches can seamlessly integrate themselves into the fabric of the school and help teachers improve their practice from day one. Dean Spaulding and Gail Smith address common challenges of coaches and instructional leadership teams,…

  10. The effects of meta-cognitive instruction on third and sixth graders solving word problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zemira R. Mevarech; Shirlei Terkieltaub; Tova Vinberger; Vered Nevet

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the differential effects of a meta-cognitive instruction, called IMPROVE, on third and sixth graders’\\u000a solution of word problems. In particular, the study focused on the solution of two kinds of word problems: with consistent\\u000a and with inconsistent language. Participants were 194 Israeli students who studied in third (N = 110) and sixth (N = 84) grades. All students were administered pre-

  11. Pre-Calculus Instructional Guide for Elementary Functions, Analytic Geometry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

    This is a guide for use in semester-long courses in Elementary Functions and Analytic Geometry. A list of entry-level skills and a list of approved textbooks is provided. Each of the 18 units consists of: (1) overview, suggestions for teachers, and suggested time; (2) list of objectives; (3) cross-references guide to approved textbooks; (4) sample…

  12. Use of Direct Instruction to Teach Reading to Students with Significant Cognitive Impairments: Student Outcomes and Teacher Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanfush, Philip Michael, III.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether students with significant cognitive impairments make measurable gains in reading skills as measured by the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests--Revised when taught using Direct Instruction reading programs. Additionally, the study explored teacher perceptions of the effectiveness of Direct Instruction

  13. The Effects of Time-Compressed Instruction and Redundancy on Learning and Learners' Perceptions of Cognitive Load

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pastore, Ray

    2012-01-01

    Can increasing the speed of audio narration in multimedia instruction decrease training time and still maintain learning? The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of time-compressed instruction and redundancy on learning and learners' perceptions of cognitive load. 154 university students were placed into conditions that consisted of…

  14. Concept-Based Approach to Second Language Teaching and Learning: Cognitive Lingusitics-Inspired Instruction of English Phrasal Verbs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hyewon

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, L2 researchers from the sociocultural and cognitive linguistic perspectives have emphasized the importance of properly organized explicit and in-depth grammar instruction for second or foreign language learning. Such instruction is believed to lead learners to systematic understanding of the target features faster and more…

  15. An instructional design guide for web-based physics courses 

    E-print Network

    Ozmetin, Ali Esad

    2002-01-01

    Chat tool 35 Ivlail 12 Whiteboard 38 Student homepages 39 14 Presentation tool 40 15 Quiz preparation tool 42 17 Self test tool Assignments 44 CHAPTER I INTRODI'CTION A. Defining Web-Based Instruction IVeb-based instruction is often defined... and the overall design of the material. [19, 20] 1. Beta testing Xo matter how experienced and knowledgeable the designer is or how many times he or she has performed the self evaluation, there is always room for improvcuncnt. Therefore, the main goal of Beta...

  16. Cognitive mechanisms underlying instructed choice exploration of small city maps

    PubMed Central

    Sakellaridi, Sofia; Christova, Peka; Christopoulos, Vassilios N.; Vialard, Alice; Peponis, John; Georgopoulos, Apostolos P.

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the cognitive mechanisms underlying the exploration and decision-making in realistic and novel environments. Twelve human subjects were shown small circular U.S. city maps with two locations highlighted on the circumference, as possible choices for a post office (“targets”). At the beginning of a trial, subjects fixated a spot at the center of the map and ultimately chose one of the two locations. A space syntax analysis of the map paths (from the center to each target) revealed that the chosen location was associated with the less convoluted path, as if subjects navigated mentally the paths in an “ant's way,” i.e., by staying within street boundaries, and ultimately choosing the target that could be reached from the center in the shortest way, and the fewest turns and intersections. The subjects' strategy for map exploration and decision making was investigated by monitoring eye position during the task. This revealed a restricted exploration of the map delimited by the location of the two alternative options and the center of the map. Specifically, subjects explored the areas around the two target options by repeatedly looking at them before deciding which one to choose, presumably implementing an evaluation and decision-making process. The ultimate selection of a specific target was significantly associated with the time spent exploring the area around that target. Finally, an analysis of the sequence of eye fixations revealed that subjects tended to look systematically toward the target ultimately chosen even from the beginning of the trial. This finding indicates an early cognitive selection bias for the ensuing decision process. PMID:25852452

  17. Cognitive mechanisms underlying instructed choice exploration of small city maps.

    PubMed

    Sakellaridi, Sofia; Christova, Peka; Christopoulos, Vassilios N; Vialard, Alice; Peponis, John; Georgopoulos, Apostolos P

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the cognitive mechanisms underlying the exploration and decision-making in realistic and novel environments. Twelve human subjects were shown small circular U.S. city maps with two locations highlighted on the circumference, as possible choices for a post office ("targets"). At the beginning of a trial, subjects fixated a spot at the center of the map and ultimately chose one of the two locations. A space syntax analysis of the map paths (from the center to each target) revealed that the chosen location was associated with the less convoluted path, as if subjects navigated mentally the paths in an "ant's way," i.e., by staying within street boundaries, and ultimately choosing the target that could be reached from the center in the shortest way, and the fewest turns and intersections. The subjects' strategy for map exploration and decision making was investigated by monitoring eye position during the task. This revealed a restricted exploration of the map delimited by the location of the two alternative options and the center of the map. Specifically, subjects explored the areas around the two target options by repeatedly looking at them before deciding which one to choose, presumably implementing an evaluation and decision-making process. The ultimate selection of a specific target was significantly associated with the time spent exploring the area around that target. Finally, an analysis of the sequence of eye fixations revealed that subjects tended to look systematically toward the target ultimately chosen even from the beginning of the trial. This finding indicates an early cognitive selection bias for the ensuing decision process. PMID:25852452

  18. Using a Combined Approach of Guided Inquiry & Direct Instruction to Explore How Physiology Affects Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machtinger, Erika T.

    2014-01-01

    Hands-on activities with live organisms allow students to actively explore scientific investigation. Here, I present activities that combine guided inquiry with direct instruction and relate how nutrition affects the physiology and behavior of the common housefly. These experiments encourage student involvement in the formulation of experimental…

  19. Social Studies for Children: A Guide to Basic Instruction. Eleventh Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaelis, John U.; Garcia, Jesus

    This textbook is a guide for preparing teachers for social studies instruction in grades K-8. It promotes social studies as education for citizenship in a democracy. All chapters are structured to aid study and can be varied in order to suit the course requirements of instructors and the needs of students. Each chapter begins with an objective and…

  20. ITV: Television Goes to School. Instructional Television Building Coordinator's Guide, 1990-91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Instructional Technology.

    Designed to help instructional technology building coordinators with the integration of television, radio, and computer resources into their schools' curricula, this guide/calendar is designed for use throughout the year as a scheduling aid and reference manual. The first of two major sections covers approximately 35 topics, including the…

  1. The Youth Cybrarian's Guide to Developing Instructional Curriculum-Related, Summer Reading, and Recreational Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champelli, Lisa

    This guide provides examples of how youth service librarians in school and public libraries have responded to their patrons' interest in and need to know about the Internet. Chapter 1, "Instructional Programs," presents creative programs and Web sites that public libraries have developed to teach children and their parents about the Internet and…

  2. Vocational Curriculum Resources for Bilingual Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangano, R. Michael; Kryszak, Sarah J.

    This guide to vocational curriculum resources for bilingual students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: auto mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, career education, carpentry, custodial and maintenance, distributive education, electricity/electronics, engineering,…

  3. Vocational Curriculum Resources for Handicapped Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangano, R. Michael; And Others

    This guide to vocational curriculum resources for handicapped students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: agriculture, auto body repair, automobile mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, career education, carpentry, cosmetology, custodial and maintenance, data…

  4. The Social Competence Curriculum Project: A Guide to Instructional Programming for Social and Communicative Interactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Charles A.; And Others

    The curriculum guide consists of a set of assessment tools, curriculum decision guidelines, instructional recommendations, and sample activities focused on teaching basic social and communication skills to children with autism and severe developmental handicaps. Section One provides an introductory discussion of issues related to effective…

  5. Lights, Camera, Action! A Guide to Using Video Production and Instruction in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Limpus, Bruce

    This instructional guide offers practical ideas for incorporating video production in the classroom. Aspects of video production are presented sequentially. Strategies and suggestions are given for using video production to reinforce traditional subject content and provide interdisciplinary connections. The book is organized in two parts. After…

  6. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Machine Shop Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, William Edward, Jr., Ed.

    This articulation guide contains 21 units of instruction for two years of machine shop. The objectives of the program are to provide the student with the basic terminology and fundamental knowledge and skills in machining (year 1) and to teach him/her to set up and operate machine tools and make or repair metal parts, tools, and machines (year 2).…

  7. Does a Repeated Guided-Instruction Approach with Multiple Assessments Increase Student Learning of Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert; Peethambaran, Bela; Pontiggia, Laura; Blumberg, Phyllis

    2013-01-01

    Guided instruction is an approach that fully explains the concepts and procedures that students are required to learn. It seems intuitive that this approach should increase student learning; however, there is evidence in the literature that this may not always be the case. We wanted to assess the effectiveness of our own repeated…

  8. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objective Guide for Food Service/Food Service Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, William Edward, Jr.

    Developed during a project designed to provide continuous, performance-based vocational training at the secondary and postsecondary levels, this instructional guide is intended to help teachers implement a laterally and vertically articulated secondary level food service and food service management program. Introductory materials include…

  9. Implementing Career Education. Instructional Strategies Guide for Kindergarten through Grade Twelve.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    A sampling of units or lessons that can be used in integrating career education concepts into instructional activities for the kindergarten through twelfth grade levels are included in this guide. Also included are techniques for establishing cooperative efforts between counselors and teachers. Content is divided into four levels: level…

  10. Instruction Guide Using the Search Export to Research POs and Requisitions

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    /Export page, click the advanced search link. 2. Click the scrollbar on the right to scroll down. 3. You may of 7 4. Click the scrollbar on the right to scroll up. 5. Make sure to narrow your search. For exampleInstruction Guide Using the Search Export to Research POs and Requisitions Updated February 12

  11. A Practical Guide to Early Numeracy Instruction for General and Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Alida

    2013-01-01

    This report summarizes recommendations from NCTM, NRC, CCSSM, NMAP, and IES to guide early numeracy instruction for elementary age students in general and special education classroom settings. We highlight common threads among general and special education research recommendations and provide a numeracy intervention curriculum model connecting…

  12. Planning Alcoholism Counseling Education (PACE): A Curriculum and Instructional Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Alcohol Education, Arlington, VA.

    This resource guide provides curriculum and instructional information to facilitate the development of alcoholism counselor preparation programs, and is intended to be used by those responsible for manpower development, education, and training, i.e., educational planners and counselor educators, state agency personnel, and credentialing…

  13. Using Student Achievement Data to Support Instructional Decision Making. IES Practice Guide. NCEE 2009-4067

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Laura; Halverson, Richardson; Jackson, Sharnell S.; Mandinach, Ellen; Supovitz, Jonathan A.; Wayman, Jeffrey C.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this practice guide is to help K-12 teachers and administrators use student achievement data to make instructional decisions intended to raise student achievement. The panel believes that the responsibility for effective data use lies with district leaders, school administrators, and classroom teachers and has crafted the…

  14. Effects of instructed focus and task difficulty on concurrent walking and cognitive task performance in healthy young adults

    PubMed Central

    Janke, Alexis A.; Shumway-Cook, Anne

    2011-01-01

    Dual task paradigms can be used to examine the interactions between cognition and the control of posture and gait. Measuring and interpreting changes in dual task performance is challenging, however, because many factors can influence performance. This study examined the effects of instructed focus and walking task difficulty, and the interaction between these factors, on dual task performance in healthy young adults. Fifteen participants performed a cognitive task while walking with either a usual base or a narrow base of support. Participants were instructed to focus on either the cognitive task or walking. Trade-offs both within and between tasks were assessed using the modified attention allocation index and the performance operating characteristic. Instructed focus influenced both the cognitive task and walking. Performance on the cognitive task was faster with instructions to focus on the cognitive task, and walking was faster (and more accurate in the narrow-base condition) with instructions to focus on walking. Walking task difficulty did not affect cognitive performance but did affect walking, with faster walking in the usual-base versus narrow-base condition. There was evidence of an interaction, with greater effects of instructed focus on the cognitive task during usual versus narrow-base walking. These results support the idea that the ability to flexibly shift attention allocation and task performance in response to instructions depends on the difficulty of the postural control task. The modified attention allocation index and the performance operating characteristic were instrumental in fully characterizing trade-offs between and within tasks in order to understand dual task performance changes. A clearer understanding of the factors that affect dual task walking and the interactions between these factors has important implications for the assessment of dual task performance in both clinical and research settings. PMID:20931180

  15. Cognitive and learning sciences in biomedical and health instructional design: A review with lessons for biomedical informatics education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vimla L. Patel; Nicole A. Yoskowitz; José F. Arocha; Edward H. Shortliffe

    2009-01-01

    Theoretical and methodological advances in the cognitive and learning sciences can greatly inform curriculum and instruction in biomedicine and also educational programs in biomedical informatics. It does so by addressing issues such as the processes related to comprehension of medical information, clinical problem-solving and decision-making, and the role of technology. This paper reviews these theories and methods from the cognitive

  16. Resisting Technological Gravity: Using Guiding Principles for Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Jason K.

    2010-01-01

    Instructional designers face tremendous pressure to abandon the essential characteristics of educational approaches, and settle instead for routine practices that do not preserve the level of quality those approaches originally expressed. Because this pressure can be strong enough to affect designers almost as gravity affects objects in the…

  17. The Teacher's Planning Pak and Guide to Individualized Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forte, Imogene; MacKenzie, Joy

    This book is for both elementary school teachers and students. Suggestions are provided for the teacher on ways to organize time, space, and materials with the emphasis on individualized instruction for the pupils. Materials for the students include activities and small questionnaires structured to reveal to the teacher each child's attitudes,…

  18. Learner Control of Computer-Based Instruction: A Comparison to Guided Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lahey, George F.

    The effects of learner control in Computer Based Instruction (CBI) were compared to learner control with advice as to what content to see next, and to programmed control. Students in training at the Basic Electricity/Electronics School, Service Command, Naval Training Center, San Diego, served as subjects in this study. Materials used were four…

  19. Creating Custodial Classes: An Instructional Program Guide for Custodial Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Pamela G.; And Others

    This program guide documents a custodial job family curriculum that develops competence in generic work force education skills through business writing/clerical skills and reading and writing courses. An annotated table of contents lists a brief description of the questions answered in each section. An introduction presents a program abstract and…

  20. Commercial Art I and Commercial Art II: An Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

    A teacher's guide for two sequential one-year commercial art courses for high school students is presented. Commercial Art I contains three units: visual communication, product design, and environmental design. Students study visual communication by analyzing advertising techniques, practicing fundamental drawing and layout techniques, creating…

  1. Units of Instruction. Health Occupations Education. Volume I. [Teacher's Guide].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    Ten units on health occupations are presented in this teacher's guide. The units are the following: recording vital signs; job application and interview; grooming and personal hygiene; health careers; medical careers; medical ethics; medical terminology and abbreviations; medical asepsis; basic patient care (e.g., measuring and recording fluid…

  2. Manufacturing Math Classes: An Instructional Program Guide for Manufacturing Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Pamela G.; And Others

    This program guide documents a manufacturing job family curriculum that develops competence in generic work force education skills through three courses: Reading Rulers, Charts, and Gauges and Math for Manufacturing Workers I and II. An annotated table of contents lists a brief description of the questions answered in each section. An introduction…

  3. Resource Guide for Performance-Based Carpentry Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Gerald R., Comp.; Herschbach, Dennis R., Comp.

    The guide provides current information about the carpentry field, opening with occupational information relating to descriptive terms for carpentry and woodcraft activities taken directly from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. Curriculum materials information incorporates a carpentry task inventory check list developed by The Ohio State…

  4. Electrical. Teacher's Guide. Building Maintenance Units of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    This teaching guide on electrical building maintenance, one in a series of six publications designed for building maintenance instructors in Texas, is designed to give students an understanding of electricity in order to know how to make basic repairs to the electrical systems in a building. Introductory material provides teachers with information…

  5. Planning for Program Implementation -- A Process Guide. Instructional Planning Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brokes, A. L.; Jenks, C. L.

    This guide presents tasks a planning group should consider when implementing a program. Although implementation may not occur in this sequence, the total array of implementation tasks includes selecting a planning group leader, defining the problem, selecting objectives, designing the program, developing an implementation plan, developing an…

  6. Cultures of the Western World. Grade Ten. Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Chester School District, PA.

    This curriculum guide presents nine units for the study of western cultures in the tenth grade. The units contain up to 13 lessons each and comprise a two-semester course. Content includes ancient Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and Reformation, Great Britain, France as a case study of revolution, Russia, and nationalism and the…

  7. Automotive Modules. Vocational Behavioral Objectives: A Guide for Individualizing Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westinghouse Learning Corp., New York, NY.

    The curriculum guide deals with automotive repair skills at the secondary level of vocational education and industrial arts. It addresses the subject in behavioral terms, as prominent components of the career education concept. Presenting four skill modules, auto body repair, gas engine repair, service, and diesel engine mechanics, the objectives…

  8. Training cognitive control in older adults with the space fortress game: the role of training instructions and basic motor ability.

    PubMed

    Blumen, Helena M; Gopher, Daniel; Steinerman, Joshua R; Stern, Yaakov

    2010-01-01

    This study examined if and how cognitively healthy older adults can learn to play a complex computer-based action game called the Space Fortress (SF) as a function of training instructions [Standard vs. Emphasis Change (EC); e.g., Gopher et al., 1989] and basic motor ability. A total of 35 cognitively healthy older adults completed a 3-month SF training program with three SF sessions weekly. Twelve 3-min games were played during each session. Basic motor ability was assessed with an aiming task, which required rapidly rotating a spaceship to shoot targets. Older adults showed improved performance on the SF task over time, but did not perform at the same level as younger adults. Unlike studies of younger adults, overall SF performance in older adults was greater following standard instructions than following EC instructions. However, this advantage was primarily due to collecting more bonus points and not - the primary goal of the game - shooting and destroying the fortress, which in contrast benefited from EC instructions. Basic motor ability was low and influenced many different aspects of SF game learning, often interacted with learning rate, and influenced overall SF performance. These findings show that older adults can be trained to deal with the complexity of the SF task but that overall SF performance, and the ability to capitalize on EC instructions, differs when a basic ability such as motor control is low. Hence, the development of this training program as a cognitive intervention that can potentially compensate for age-related cognitive decline should consider that basic motor ability can interact with the efficiency of training instructions that promote the use of cognitive control (e.g., EC instructions) - and the confluence between such basic abilities and higher-level cognitive control abilities should be further examined. PMID:21120135

  9. Training Cognitive Control in Older Adults with the Space Fortress Game: The Role of Training Instructions and Basic Motor Ability

    PubMed Central

    Blumen, Helena M.; Gopher, Daniel; Steinerman, Joshua R.; Stern, Yaakov

    2010-01-01

    This study examined if and how cognitively healthy older adults can learn to play a complex computer-based action game called the Space Fortress (SF) as a function of training instructions [Standard vs. Emphasis Change (EC); e.g., Gopher et al., 1989] and basic motor ability. A total of 35 cognitively healthy older adults completed a 3-month SF training program with three SF sessions weekly. Twelve 3-min games were played during each session. Basic motor ability was assessed with an aiming task, which required rapidly rotating a spaceship to shoot targets. Older adults showed improved performance on the SF task over time, but did not perform at the same level as younger adults. Unlike studies of younger adults, overall SF performance in older adults was greater following standard instructions than following EC instructions. However, this advantage was primarily due to collecting more bonus points and not – the primary goal of the game – shooting and destroying the fortress, which in contrast benefited from EC instructions. Basic motor ability was low and influenced many different aspects of SF game learning, often interacted with learning rate, and influenced overall SF performance. These findings show that older adults can be trained to deal with the complexity of the SF task but that overall SF performance, and the ability to capitalize on EC instructions, differs when a basic ability such as motor control is low. Hence, the development of this training program as a cognitive intervention that can potentially compensate for age-related cognitive decline should consider that basic motor ability can interact with the efficiency of training instructions that promote the use of cognitive control (e.g., EC instructions) – and the confluence between such basic abilities and higher-level cognitive control abilities should be further examined. PMID:21120135

  10. The Effect of Guided Inquiry-Based Instruction on Middle School Students’ Understanding of Lunar Concepts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathy Cabe Trundle; Ronald K. Atwood; John E. Christopher; Mesut Sackes

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of non-traditional guided inquiry instruction on middle school students’ conceptual understandings\\u000a of lunar concepts. Multiple data sources were used to describe participants’ conceptions of lunar phases and their cause,\\u000a including drawings, interviews, and a lunar shapes card sort. The data were analyzed via a constant comparative method to\\u000a produce profiles of each participant’s conceptual understandings

  11. AMVER-SEAS Installation Guide 7/12/2010 Page 2/59 This installation guide provides instructions on how to install, and configure AMVER-

    E-print Network

    #12;AMVER-SEAS Installation Guide 7/12/2010 Page 2/59 This installation guide provides instructions on how to install, and configure AMVER- SEAS on computer for cruise. Note that you can find it under the FTP site: ftp://ftp.aoml.noaa.gov/pub/phod/seas/Installs. Please Help Us Improve This Manual We would

  12. Chi, M., & VanLehn, K. (2010). Meta-Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Intelligent Tutoring Systems: How, When, and Why. Educational Technology & Society, 13 (1), 2539.

    E-print Network

    VanLehn, Kurt

    2010-01-01

    Chi, M., & VanLehn, K. (2010). Meta-Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Intelligent Tutoring Systems@ieee.org. Meta-Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Intelligent Tutoring Systems: How, When, and Why Min Chi of Pittsburgh, PA, USA // mic31@cs.pitt.edu * Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Arizona State

  13. An evidence-based guide for ethics instruction.

    PubMed

    Bebeau, Muriel J

    2014-12-01

    Drawing from multiple sources of evidence, this paper updates previous descriptions (IOM, 2002) of measurement strategies and teaching techniques to promote four theoretically derived abilities thought to be necessary conditions for the responsible conduct of research. Data from three samples (exemplary professionals, professionals disciplined by a licensing board, and graduates who completed an ethics program designed to promote the four interrelated abilities) suggest that development of a moral identity that is consistent with the norms and values of a profession is the driving force that gives rise to ethical sensitivity, ethical reasoning, and ethical implementation. Evidence from the cited studies supports the usefulness of the theoretical model to (a) deconstruct summary judgments about character and see them as abilities that can be assessed and developed; (b) guide the design assessments that are sensitive to the effects of interventions; and (c) augment previous IOM recommendations for the development of meaningful learning activities. PMID:25574261

  14. The effect of guided inquiry-based instruction in secondary science for students with learning disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eliot, Michael H.

    Students with learning disabilities (SWLDs) need to attain academic rigor to graduate from high school and college, as well as achieve success in life. Constructivist theories suggest that guided inquiry may provide the impetus for their success, yet little research has been done to support this premise. This study was designed to fill that gap. This quasi-experimental study compared didactic and guided inquiry-based teaching of science concepts to secondary SWLDs in SDC science classes. The study examined 38 students in four classes at two diverse, urban high schools. Participants were taught two science concepts using both teaching methods and posttested after each using paper-and-pencil tests and performance tasks. Data were compared to determine increases in conceptual understanding by teaching method, order of teaching method, and exposure one or both teaching methods. A survey examined participants' perceived self-efficacy under each method. Also, qualitative comparison of the two test formats examined appropriate use with SWLDs. Results showed significantly higher scores after the guided inquiry method on concept of volume, suggesting that guided inquiry does improve conceptual understanding over didactic instruction in some cases. Didactic teaching followed by guided inquiry resulted in higher scores than the reverse order, indicating that SWLDs may require direct instruction in basic facts and procedures related to a topic prior to engaging in guided inquiry. Also application of both teaching methods resulted in significantly higher scores than a single method on the concept of density, suggesting that SWLDs may require more in depth instruction found using both methods. No differences in perceived self-efficacy were shown. Qualitative analysis both assessments and participants' behaviors during testing support the use of performance tasks over paper-and-pencil tests with SWLDs. Implications for education include the use of guided inquiry to increase SWLDs conceptual understanding and process skills, while improving motivation and participation through hands-on learning. In addition, teachers may use performance tasks to better assess students' thought process, problem solving skills, and conceptual understanding. However, constructivist teaching methods require extra training, pedagogical skills, subject matter knowledge, physical resources, and support from all stakeholders.

  15. Toward a Synthesis of Cognitive Load Theory, Four-Component Instructional Design, and Self-Directed Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.; Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the opportunities to apply cognitive load theory and four-component instructional design to self-directed learning. Learning tasks are defined as containing three elements: learners must (a) "perform" the tasks, (b) "assess" their task performance, and (c) "select" future tasks for improving their performance. Principles to…

  16. Improving Learning Results and Reducing Cognitive Load through 3D Courseware on Color Management and Inspection Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsiung, Liang-Yuan; Lai, Mu-Hui

    2013-01-01

    This study intends to solve the problem that schools in Taiwan lack of the equipment for color management and inspection instruction and seek ways to improve learning results and reduce cognitive load. The researchers developed 3D courseware for color management and inspection through a research and development process. To further scrutinize the…

  17. A cognitive strategy instruction to improve math calculation for children with ADHD and LD: a randomized controlled study.

    PubMed

    Iseman, Jackie S; Naglieri, Jack A

    2011-01-01

    The authors examined the effectiveness of cognitive strategy instruction based on PASS (Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive) given by special education teachers to students with ADHD randomly assigned by classroom. Students in the experimental group were exposed to a brief cognitive strategy instruction for 10 days, which was designed to encourage development and application of effective planning for mathematical computation, whereas the comparison group received-standard math instruction. Standardized tests of cognitive processes and math achievement were given at pretest. All students completed math worksheets throughout the experimental phase. Standardized achievement tests (Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement, Third Edition, Math Fluency and Wechsler Individualized Achievement Test, Second Edition, Numerical Operations) were administered pre- and postintervention, and Math Fluency was also administered at 1 year follow-up. Large pre-post effect sizes were found for students in the experimental group but not the comparison group on math worksheets (0.85 and 0.26), Math Fluency (1.17 and 0.09), and Numerical Operations (0.40 and -0.14, respectively). At 1 year follow-up, the experimental group continued to outperform the comparison group. These findings suggest that students with ADHD evidenced greater improvement in math worksheets, far transfer to standardized tests of math (which measured the skill of generalizing learned strategies to other similar tasks), and continued advantage 1 year later when provided the PASS-based cognitive strategy instruction. PMID:21383109

  18. VARIATIONS IN INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA, PROCESSES, CONTENT AND APTITUDE VARIABLES IN RELATION TO EFFICIENCY OF COGNITIVE GOAL ATTAINMENT, VOLUME 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FATTU, N. A.

    A SERIES OF STUDIES WAS UNDERTAKEN, DIRECTED TOWARD EXPLORATIONS OF INTERRELATIONSHIPS AMONG MEDIA, PROCESSES (INSTRUCTIONAL PREREQUISITES), CONTENT AND APTITUDE VARIABLES, AND ACHIEVEMENTS. EMPHASIS THROUGHOUT WAS ON (1) THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN AND (2) PROBLEMS INVOLVED IN APPLICATION OF KNOWLEDGE TO A PRACTICAL TEACHING SITUATION. "THE TAXONOMY OF…

  19. The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Math Problem Solving of Middle-School Students of Varying Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montague, Marjorie; Krawec, Jennifer; Enders, Craig; Dietz, Samantha

    2014-01-01

    The effects of a mathematical problem-solving intervention on students' problem-solving performance and math achievement were measured in a randomized control trial with 1,059 7th-grade students. The intervention, "Solve It!," is a research-based cognitive strategy instructional intervention that was shown to improve the problem-solving…

  20. The Effect of Instructing Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategies on the Academic Progress of Ilam Medical University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdolhosseini, Amir; Keikhavani, Sattar; Hasel, Kourosh Mohammadi

    2011-01-01

    This study reviewed the effect of instructing cognitive and metacognitive strategies on the academic progress of Medical Sciences of Ilam University students. The research is quasi-experimental including a pre-test and a post-test. The population of the research includes the students of Medical Sciences of Ilam University. The sample includes 120…

  1. The Cultures of Contemporary Instructional Design Scholarship, Part One: Developments Based on Behavioral and Cognitive Science Foundations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Jerry

    2011-01-01

    This is the first in a series of two articles examining the current status of instructional design (ID) scholarship and theory in four different cultures or traditions. In this article, the focus is on, first, ID models based on traditional behavioral theories of learning and, second, on models based on cognitive science and the learning sciences.…

  2. Cognitive Strategy Instruction for Improving Expository Text Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities: The Quality of Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jitendra, Asha K.; Burgess, Clare; Gajria, Meenakshi

    2011-01-01

    Educators have widely used cognitive strategy instruction to address reading comprehension deficits evidenced by students with learning disabilities. However, no one has yet conducted a review of the quality of this literature. This review applies the quality indicators advocated by Gersten et al. (2005) and Horner et al. (2005) to evaluate the…

  3. Instructional Design, Cognitive Psychology and the Development of Computer?mediated Learning Materials for Communication Impaired Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. F. Sewell

    1988-01-01

    This paper is concerned with two main themes: (a) an examination of the potential and actual influence of cognitive theory and instructional design, especially in the context of communication?impaired children; (b) a description of a research project, designed in this context, involving the development of ‘interactive’ learning materials for use with severely learning?disabled children.

  4. Development of Elementary School Students' Cognitive Structures and Information Processing Strategies under Long-Term Constructivist-Oriented Science Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2005-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to explore the effects of long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction on elementary school students' process of constructing cognitive structures. Furthermore, such effects on different science achievers were also investigated. The subjects of this study were 69 fifth graders in Taiwan, while they were…

  5. To appear in Technology, Instruction, Cognition and Learning (TICL) An Open Learner Model to Help Parents Help their Children

    E-print Network

    Bull, Susan

    To appear in Technology, Instruction, Cognition and Learning (TICL) An Open Learner Model to Help Parents Help their Children Stella J.H. Lee & Susan Bull Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering Fraction Helper, a learning environment with an open learner model aimed at helping children to understand

  6. Impact of Online Instructional Game Features on College Students' Perceived Motivational Support and Cognitive Investment: A Structural Equation Modeling Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Wenhao David; Johnson, Tristan E.; Han, Seung-Hyun Caleb

    2013-01-01

    Colleges and universities have begun to understand the instructional potential of digital game-based learning (DGBL) due to digital games' immersive features. These features, however, might overload learners as excessive motivational and cognitive stimuli thus impeding intended learning. Current research, however, lacks empirical evidences to…

  7. Automated, quantitative cognitive/behavioral screening of mice: for genetics, pharmacology, animal cognition and undergraduate instruction.

    PubMed

    Gallistel, C R; Balci, Fuat; Freestone, David; Kheifets, Aaron; King, Adam

    2014-01-01

    We describe a high-throughput, high-volume, fully automated, live-in 24/7 behavioral testing system for assessing the effects of genetic and pharmacological manipulations on basic mechanisms of cognition and learning in mice. A standard polypropylene mouse housing tub is connected through an acrylic tube to a standard commercial mouse test box. The test box has 3 hoppers, 2 of which are connected to pellet feeders. All are internally illuminable with an LED and monitored for head entries by infrared (IR) beams. Mice live in the environment, which eliminates handling during screening. They obtain their food during two or more daily feeding periods by performing in operant (instrumental) and Pavlovian (classical) protocols, for which we have written protocol-control software and quasi-real-time data analysis and graphing software. The data analysis and graphing routines are written in a MATLAB-based language created to simplify greatly the analysis of large time-stamped behavioral and physiological event records and to preserve a full data trail from raw data through all intermediate analyses to the published graphs and statistics within a single data structure. The data-analysis code harvests the data several times a day and subjects it to statistical and graphical analyses, which are automatically stored in the "cloud" and on in-lab computers. Thus, the progress of individual mice is visualized and quantified daily. The data-analysis code talks to the protocol-control code, permitting the automated advance from protocol to protocol of individual subjects. The behavioral protocols implemented are matching, autoshaping, timed hopper-switching, risk assessment in timed hopper-switching, impulsivity measurement, and the circadian anticipation of food availability. Open-source protocol-control and data-analysis code makes the addition of new protocols simple. Eight test environments fit in a 48 in x 24 in x 78 in cabinet; two such cabinets (16 environments) may be controlled by one computer. PMID:24637442

  8. The Impact of Clickers Instruction on Cognitive Loads and Listening and Speaking Skills in College English Class

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Zhonggen; Chen, Wentao; Kong, Yong; Sun, Xiao Ling; Zheng, Jing

    2014-01-01

    Clickers might own a bright future in China if properly introduced although they have not been widely acknowledged as an effective tool to facilitate English learning and teaching in Chinese contexts. By randomly selecting participants from undergraduates in a university in China over four academic years, this study aims to identify the impact of clickers on college English listening and speaking skills, and differences in cognitive loads between clickers and traditional multimedia assisted instruction modes. It was concluded that in China's college English class, compared with multimedia assisted instruction, (1) clickers could improve college English listening skills; (2) clickers could improve college English speaking skills; and (3) clickers could reduce undergraduates' cognitive loads in College English Class. Reasons for the results and defects in this study were also explored and discussed, based on learning, teaching and cognitive load theories. Some Suggestions for future research were also raised. PMID:25192424

  9. Instructional Guide for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration. V & TECC Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duenk, Lester G.; And Others

    This trade and industrial curriculum guide is intended for use in vocational programs that prepare students to enter the air conditioning/refrigeration field. The introductory section provides a statement of philosophy, objectives, block time schedule, and recommended facilities and equipment. Following the introductory section, eighteen blocks of…

  10. Cognitive Load Theory: implications for medical education: AMEE Guide No. 86.

    PubMed

    Young, John Q; Van Merrienboer, Jeroen; Durning, Steve; Ten Cate, Olle

    2014-05-01

    Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) builds upon established models of human memory that include the subsystems of sensory, working and long-term memory. Working memory (WM) can only process a limited number of information elements at any given time. This constraint creates a "bottleneck" for learning. CLT identifies three types of cognitive load that impact WM: intrinsic load (associated with performing essential aspects of the task), extraneous load (associated with non-essential aspects of the task) and germane load (associated with the deliberate use of cognitive strategies that facilitate learning). When the cognitive load associated with a task exceeds the learner's WM capacity, performance and learning is impaired. To facilitate learning, CLT researchers have developed instructional techniques that decrease extraneous load (e.g. worked examples), titrate intrinsic load to the developmental stage of the learner (e.g. simplify task without decontextualizing) and ensure that unused WM capacity is dedicated to germane load, i.e. cognitive learning strategies. A number of instructional techniques have been empirically tested. As learners' progress, curricula must also attend to the expertise-reversal effect. Instructional techniques that facilitate learning among early learners may not help and may even interfere with learning among more advanced learners. CLT has particular relevance to medical education because many of the professional activities to be learned require the simultaneous integration of multiple and varied sets of knowledge, skills and behaviors at a specific time and place. These activities possess high "element interactivity" and therefore impose a cognitive load that may surpass the WM capacity of the learner. Applications to various medical education settings (classroom, workplace and self-directed learning) are explored. PMID:24593808

  11. Why minimal guidance during instruction does not work: an analysis of the failure of constructivist, discovery, problem-based, experiential, and inquiry-based teaching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul A. Kirschner; John Sweller; Richard E. Clark

    2006-01-01

    Evidence for the superiority of guided instruction is explained in the context of our knowledge of human cognitive architecture, expert–novice differences, and cognitive load. Although unguided\\u000aor minimally guided instructional approaches are very popular and intuitively appealing,\\u000athe point is made that these approaches ignore both the structures that constitute human cognitive architecture and evidence from empirical studies over the

  12. Cognitive Load of Navigating without Vision when Guided by Virtual Sound versus Spatial Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klatzky, Roberta L.; Marston, James R.; Giudice, Nicholas A.; Golledge, Reginald G.; Loomis, Jack M.

    2006-01-01

    A vibrotactile N-back task was used to generate cognitive load while participants were guided along virtual paths without vision. As participants stepped in place, they moved along a virtual path of linear segments. Information was provided en route about the direction of the next turning point, by spatial language ("left," "right," or "straight")…

  13. The Influence of Cognitive Coaching on the Planning and Use of Instructional Conversations, with a Focus on Mathematics Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Chen-Ju

    2012-01-01

    Instructional conversations are a teaching method in which teacher and students discuss academic topics with students' previous experience or knowledge (Tharp & Gallimore, 1988). In order to improve student learning, providing students more opportunities to engage in instructional conversations is often recommended. As research indicates…

  14. Using the EPAM Theory to Guide Cognitive Model Rule Induction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bradley J. Best

    The isomorphism between rule-based systems and decision trees provides an opportunity to use induction methods associated with decision trees and data mining as the basis for the formation of rules in a cognitive architecture. The EPAM theory of learning, an exemplar decision tree method, provides the core processes for a theory of production formation within the ACT-R architecture which is

  15. The Effects of Using Multimedia Presentations and Modular Worked-Out Examples as Instructional Methodologies to Manage the Cognitive Processing Associated with Information Literacy Instruction at the Graduate and Undergraduate Levels of Nursing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calhoun, Shawn P.

    2012-01-01

    Information literacy is a complex knowledge domain. Cognitive processing theory describes the effects an instructional subject and the learning environment have on working memory. Essential processing is one component of cognitive processing theory that explains the inherent complexity of knowledge domains such as information literacy. Prior…

  16. Computer-Based Instruction: Effect of Cognitive Style, Instructional Format, and Subject-Matter Content on Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brent, Linda J. Buehner

    This report describes an experiment investigating the effects of cognitive style, presentation format, and task content on learning. Cognitive style was described in terms of hemisphericity (i.e., left- or right-brain influence on perception). Presentation format consisted of graphics, text, and a combination of the two. The tasks consisted of…

  17. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Air Conditioning, Refrigeration, and Heating. Volume II (Second Year).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, William Edward, Jr., Ed.

    This articulation guide contains 17 units of instruction for the second year of a two-year vocational program designed to prepare the high school graduate to install, maintain, and repair various types of residential and commercial heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration equipment. The units are designed to help the student to expand and…

  18. Vocational Curriculum Resources for Disadvantaged Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials. Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangano, R. Michael; And Others

    Volume 2 of a three-volume guide to vocational curriculum resources for disadvantaged students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: agriculture, auto body repair, automobile mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, career education, carpentry, cosmetology, custodial…

  19. Vocational Curriculum Resources for Disdvantaged Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials. Volume III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangano, R. Michael; And Others

    Volume 3 of a three-volume guide to vocational curriculum resources for disadvantaged students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: agriculture, auto body repair, automobile mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, career education, carpentry, cosmetology, custodial…

  20. Vocational Curriculum Resources for Disadvantaged Students. A Guide to Print and Non-Print Instructional Materials. Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangano, R. Michael; And Others

    Volume 1 of a three-volume guide to vocational curriculum resources for disadvantaged students consists of instructional checklists for resources identified in the following areas: agriculture, auto body repair, automobile mechanics, basic math skills, basic reading skills, business education, carpentry, cosmetology, custodial and maintenance,…

  1. [Individualized Material for Industrial Education Based on the AVA Booklet "A Guide to Improving Instruction in Industrial Arts".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI.

    This package of individualized curriculum materials for industrial arts, developed by the 1969-70 Experienced Teacher Fellowship Program for teacher and student use, is a result of an in-depth study of the 1968 revision of the American Vocational Association's booklet, "A Guide to Improving Instruction in Industrial Arts." The 10 major units…

  2. WWC Review of the Report "The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Math Problem Solving of Middle School Students of Varying Ability." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    A recent study, "The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Math Problem Solving of Middle School Students of Varying Ability," examined the effectiveness of "Solve It!," a program intended to improve the problem-solving skills of seventh-grade math students. During the program, students are taught cognitive strategies of…

  3. Problem-Based Learning Is Compatible with Human Cognitive Architecture: Commentary on Kirschner, Sweller, and Clark (2006)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Henk G.; Loyens, Sofie M. M.; Van Gog, Tamara; Paas, Fred

    2007-01-01

    Kirschner, Sweller, and Clark (2006) suggest that unguided or minimally guided instructional approaches are less effective and efficient for novices than guided instructional approaches because they ignore the structures that constitute human cognitive architecture. While we concur with the authors on this point, we do not agree to their equation…

  4. ADULT LEARNING AND INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION: THE EFFECTS OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AND TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS ON ACHIEVEMENT FOLLOWING MEDIATED INSTRUCTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JULIE WEBB CORBETT

    1985-01-01

    This study was designed to determine the relationship between attention to instructional television and learning in adults. The procedure consisted of gathering demographic information, examining general reading ability by determining one's ability to gather meaning from paragraph reading, testing listening ability, presenting video displayed material, audio material, and written material, and testing the effects of these presentations. Subjects were also

  5. Guided Cognitive Reframing of Adolescent-Father Conflict: Who Mexican American and European American Adolescents Seek and Why

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookston, Jeffrey T.; Olide, Andres F.; Adams, Michele A.; Fabricius, William V.; Parke, Ross D.

    2012-01-01

    Adolescents may seek to understand family conflict by seeking out confidants. However, little is known about whom adolescents seek, whether and how such support helps youth, and the factors that predict which sources are sought. This chapter offers a conceptual model of guided cognitive reframing that emphasizes the behavioral, cognitive, and…

  6. A Brief Guide for Teachers Towards the Utilization of the Concept of "Open Space" as an Aspect of Instructional Individualization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frase, Larry

    This guide examines the elements of the open space concept and offers insight and suggestions as to how to employ this process in the classroom. These elements are outlined as follows: (a) objectives--primarily to develop self-respecting, self-directing, autonomous individuals; (b) knowledge and method--with emphasis on cognitive or thinking…

  7. ITV and Radio Resources in the Defined Minimum Program. 1985-86 Curriculum Guide. A Guide for Use of Instructional Television and Radio Programs Presented over the South Carolina Educational Television and Radio Networks, in Meeting Curriculum Needs in Elementary, Junior High and Senior High Levels of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, A. Wayne, Ed.

    This guide is intended for use by superintendents, district directors of instruction, curriculum writers, principals, and teachers in identifying and selecting instructional television (ITV) and radio resources that will aid their schools in meeting specific instructional requirements of the Defined Minimum Program and continuing objectives of the…

  8. Teacher Candidates' Conceptualization of Guided Inquiry and Lesson Planning in Social Studies Following Web-Assisted Instruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cynthia Szymanski Sunal; Dennis W. Sunal

    2003-01-01

    Web-assisted social studies instruction utilizing an online module over 4 weeks with weekly face-to-face discussion of each component was used with 245 elementary teacher candidates working in 35 cooperative groups to assist them in developing an understanding of guided inquiry in social studies as represented by the learning cycle model. Significant overall positive change was found on a two-tier test

  9. Cognition and Misrecognition: A Bourdieuian Analysis of Cognitive Strategy Instruction in a Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Handsfield, Lara J.; Jimenez, Robert T.

    2009-01-01

    This study reports data from a year-long ethnographic case study of a third-grade teacher's literacy instruction for her linguistically and culturally diverse students. Specifically, we use Bourdieu's social practice theory (1991, 1998) to examine the teacher's linguistic and literate habitus and the discourses of the field converge in her use of…

  10. Screen-Capture Instructional Technology: A Cognitive Tool for Blended Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jeffrey George

    2012-01-01

    Little empirical investigation has been conducted on high school students and teachers using online instructional multimedia developed entirely from the classroom teacher's traditional live-lecture format. This study investigated academic achievement, engagement, preference, and curriculum development using screen-capture instructional

  11. Screen-Capture Instructional Technology: A Cognitive Tool for Designing a Blended Multimedia Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jeffrey G.; Smith, Rita L.

    2012-01-01

    Online instruction has been demonstrated to increase the academic achievement for post-secondary students; however, little empirical investigation has been conducted on high school students learning from online multimedia instruction in the traditional classroom. This study investigated the knowledge acquisition, transfer, and favorability of…

  12. Doing Good Science in Middle School: A Practical Guide to Inquiry-Based Instruction

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jackie Cleveland

    2004-01-01

    Just as middle schoolers are "wired" to learn in active, hands-on ways, this book is wired to help you spark a vital connection to these students to keep them tuned-in to science. Doing Good Science in Middle School combines practical insights about adolescent learners with what master teachers know about how to shift from passive, textbook-centered instruction to inquiry-based investigations. Chapters cover the psychology of the middle school learner; why inquiry and collaboration are the cornerstones of good science; integrating science, literacy, math, and technology; classroom management and safety; plus additional resources and sample forms. But at the book's core are 10 must-do activities. All are developmentally appropriate, inquiry- and Standards-based lessons of use to teachers at all experience levels (including preservice). Doing Good Science is a truly comprehensive practitioner's guide. It brings you ideas for presenting curriculum, strategies for reaching all students, and a research basis for justifying your practices in the classroom--all through a combination of humor and true stories from experienced educators who make a solid case for inquiry in real-world middle school.

  13. To the letter: early readers trust print-based over oral instructions to guide their actions.

    PubMed

    Corriveau, Kathleen H; Einav, Shiri; Robinson, Elizabeth J; Harris, Paul L

    2014-09-01

    Children have many opportunities to learn from others through oral and written sources. Recent evidence suggests that early readers place more trust in written over oral testimony when learning names for unfamiliar objects. Across three studies, we examined whether the authority of print extends beyond mere naming to guide children's actions in the physical world. In Study 1, 3- to 6-year-olds received conflicting oral and print-based advice from two puppets about how to operate a novel apparatus. Whereas pre-readers were indiscriminate in their trust, early readers preferred to follow the print-based advice. In Study 2, we replicated this finding, controlling for the amount of corroborating evidence presented by both sources, and the location of the print. In Study 3, we explored whether readers' preference for print-based information was due to a global preference for external representations, or a more specific preference for text. Children were presented with conflicting instructions based on text versus a coloured circle. Whereas pre-readers preferred to follow the colour circle, readers preferred to follow the text. Together, the results suggest that when children learn to read, they rapidly come to regard the written word as a particularly authoritative source of information about how to act in the world. PMID:24814164

  14. Learning about Seasons in a Technologically Enhanced Environment: The Impact of Teacher-Guided and Student-Centered Instructional Approaches on the Process of Students' Conceptual Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Ying-Shao

    2008-01-01

    To explore the ways in which teacher-guided and student-centered instructional approaches influence students' conceptual understanding of seasonal change, we designed a technology-enhanced learning (TEL) course to compare, by means of concept maps, the learning outcome of students in two groups: a teacher-guided (TG) class (with whole-class…

  15. Guided-inquiry based laboratory instruction: Investigation of critical thinking skills, problem solving skills, and implementing student roles in chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, Tanya

    Recent initiatives in the laboratory curriculum have encouraged an inquiry-based approach to learning and teaching in the laboratory. It has been argued that laboratory instruction should not just be hands-on, but it should portray the essence of inquiry through the process of experiential learning and reflective engagement in collaboration with peers and in facilitation by the instructor. A student-centered active learning approach may be an effective way to enhance student understanding of concepts in the laboratory. The dissertation research work explores the impact of laboratory instruction and its relevance for college-level chemistry. Each chapter is different from the preceding chapter in terms of the purpose of the study and the research questions asked. However, the overarching idea is to address the importance of guided-inquiry based laboratory instruction in chemistry and its relevance in helping students to make connections with the chemistry content and in imparting skills to students. Such skills include problem solving, collaborative group work and critical thinking. The first research study (Chapter 2) concerns the impact of first year co-requisite general chemistry laboratory instruction on the problem-solving skills of students. The second research study (Chapter 3) examines the impact of implementing student roles also known as Student-Led Instructor Facilitated Guided-Inquiry based Laboratories, SLIFGIL) by modifying the Science Writing Heuristic approach of laboratory instruction. In the third research study (Chapter 4), critical thinking skills of first semester general chemistry laboratory students were compared to advanced (third or fourth year) chemistry laboratory students based on the analysis of their laboratory reports.

  16. Teacher mediation of student learning in an inclusive group during guided inquiry science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cutter, Jane Norton

    Students with learning disabilities are increasingly educated in the general classroom. However, many students identified with LD do poorly in school as measured by statewide assessments and high school graduation rates. One possible explanation for such students' challenges in the general education setting is that many general educators do not feel prepared to teach students with LD. In the context of the movement for standards-based subject instruction in the disciplines, educators need to better understand instructional practices that support the learning of students with LD in standards-based content area classes. This is a close study of interactions among an inclusive small group of 3rd and 4th grade students and their teacher during a Guided Inquiry program of study on Motion. The group included two students identified with Learning Disabilities. The discourse analysis focuses on the pedagogical discourse moves of the teacher, an exemplary inclusive general educator. Descriptive analyses include a content analysis for broad themes of Science, Literacy, Social Dynamics and Procedures, as well as a more detailed analysis of Science Concepts and Reasoning as expressed in the talk. Findings for these analyses represent themes and science concepts as proportions of the talk. The study also identifies relationships between teacher pedagogical discourse moves and talk about science concepts about Motion and reasoning. These relationships are illustrated and further analyzed with brief examples from the transcripts. A secondary level of analysis proposes links between teacher practices and student learning as measured by pre and post assessments and student interviews. To identify these possible links, instances of student learning were located by comparing pre and post assessments for each group member. Those learning themes were then tracked to the transcripts and analyzed for instances of student take up of new ideas. Teacher moves supporting the enactment of the investigation were also analyzed, even if such moves did not directly contribute to conceptual development. Examples of such moves were found in the themes of Literacy, Social Dynamics and Science Procedures. The case of one group member traces his development of the understanding that speed is a relationship between distance and time.

  17. Cognitive Ability, Thinking Dispositions, and Instructional Set as Predictors of Critical Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macpherson, Robyn; Stanovich, Keith E.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the predictors of belief bias in a formal reasoning paradigm (a syllogistic reasoning task) and myside bias in two informal reasoning paradigms (an argument generation task and an experiment evaluation task). Neither cognitive ability nor thinking dispositions predicted myside bias, but both cognitive ability and thinking…

  18. Designing instruction and learning for cognitively gifted pupils in preschool and primary school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ton Mooij

    2012-01-01

    Young gifted children perform in the top 10% in assessments of cognitive, social, expressive or other abilities. The study first considers why, and how, cognitively gifted pupils in particular may face enforced underachievement as early as in preschool. A longitudinal multilevel model is developed to represent various types of interaction between individual pupil variables, home variables, and early educational variables.

  19. Towards a revised cognitive psychology for new advances in learning and instruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stella Vosniadou

    1996-01-01

    Cognitive psychological research has produced rich descriptions of the mental representations and processes that underlie performance in many school-related subject matter areas, making it possible to be much more precise than before in our descriptions of the outcomes of learning. Nevertheless, the epistemology of cognitive psychology has not been helpful in providing fruitful hypotheses about the environmental variables that facilitate

  20. Enhancing Instructional Efficiency of Interactive E-Learning Environments: A Cognitive Load Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalyuga, Slava

    2007-01-01

    This concluding paper summarizes the main points and recommendations of the previous papers in this Special issue within a conceptual framework of cognitive load theory. Design of efficient interactive learning environments should take into account main features and limitations of our cognitive architecture. The paper provides a brief overview of…

  1. Applying Cognitive Theory to Statistics Instruction Marsha C. Lovett and Joel B. Greenhouse

    E-print Network

    theory and supported by empirical results in cognitive psychology. To bridge the gap between theory, a set of guidelines that can help instructors make well­informed design decisions when implementing, research in cognitive psychology has also addressed the question of how learning can be improved. Here

  2. An Attempt towards Learner Autonomy in L2 (English) an L3 (Arabic) Reading through Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategy Instruction (CMRSI) in L2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talebi, Seyed Hassan

    2009-01-01

    This experimental study was intended to raise learner autonomy among Iranian native speakers of Persian in their L2 (English) and L3 (Arabic) reading comprehension through cognitive and metacognitive reading strategies instruction (CMRSI). The subjects of the study were divided into intermediate and advanced English language proficiency levels and…

  3. Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA), Community School District 2 Special Alternative Instruction Program. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OREA Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Joanne

    Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA) was a federally funded program serving 960 limited-English-proficient students in 10 Manhattan (New York) elementary schools in 1992-93 its third year of operation. The project provided instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), mathematics, science, and social studies in…

  4. Exploring the Impact of Prior Knowledge and Appropriate Feedback on Students' Perceived Cognitive Load and Learning Outcomes: Animation-Based Earthquakes Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Ting-Kuang; Tseng, Kuan-Yun; Cho, Chung-Wen; Barufaldi, James P.; Lin, Mei-Shin; Chang, Chun-Yen

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop an animation-based curriculum and to evaluate the effectiveness of animation-based instruction; the report involved the assessment of prior knowledge and the appropriate feedback approach, for the purpose of reducing perceived cognitive load and improving learning. The curriculum was comprised of five subunits…

  5. Content Analysis of Taiwanese 14 Year Olds' Information Processing Operations Shown in Cognitive Structures Following Physics Instruction, with Relations to Science Attainment and Scientific Epistemological Beliefs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Chin-Chung

    1999-01-01

    Describes a study of Taiwanese 14-year-olds' (n=48) cognitive structures derived from the instruction of basic atomic physics. Finds that even academically above-average students tended to use relatively lower-level modes of knowledge construction, focusing on reciting or describing specific factual knowledge in physics. (Contains 27 references.)…

  6. Academic Emotions from a Social-Cognitive Perspective: Antecedents and Domain Specificity of Students' Affect in the Context of Latin Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goetz, Thomas; Pekrun, Reinhard; Hall, Nathan; Haag, Ludwig

    2006-01-01

    This study concentrates on two assumptions of a social-cognitive model outlining the development of academic emotions (emotions directly linked to learning, classroom instruction, and achievement), namely on their antecedents and domain-specific organization. Our sample consisted of 200 students from Grades 7 to 10. Proposed relationships…

  7. The Effect of Sequence of Instruction on Students' Cognitive Preferences and Recall in the Context of a Problem-Oriented Method of Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boreham, N. C.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of two sequences of instruction--theory-to-application and application-to-theory--on medical students' cognitive preferences in preclinical science teaching. Results indicate that presenting an example of the clinical application of biochemical theory before presenting the theory itself increased students'…

  8. The Use of Cognitive Task Analysis to Capture Expertise for Tracheal Extubation Training in Anesthesiology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Embrey, Karen K.

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive task analysis (CTA) is a knowledge elicitation technique employed for acquiring expertise from domain specialists to support the effective instruction of novices. CTA guided instruction has proven effective in improving surgical skills training for medical students and surgical residents. The standard, current method of teaching clinical…

  9. Guide d'enseignement: Art dramatique, Secondaire, Deuxieme cycle (Instructional Guide: Theater Arts, Secondary Schools, Second Cycle).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

    Intended to aid teachers in charge of implementing drama programs, this guide (in French) is to be employed in conjunction with the "1992 Second Cycle Secondary Drama Program of Studies" (Alberta, Canada). The guide's sections are as follows: (1) Introduction; (2) L'Adolescent; (3) Securite (discussing both emotional and physical safety); (4)…

  10. GUIDES FOR THE PREPARATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL CASE MATERIALS IN EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IMMEGART, GLENN L.

    THE CASE STUDY IS ASSUMING AN INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT ROLE AS AN INSTRUCTIONAL DEVICE IN PRESERVICE AND INSERVICE PREPARATION OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATORS. THIS DOCUMENT PRESENTS OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES TO ASSIST THE WRITER IN PREPARING CASE MATERIALS. FIVE KINDS OF INSTRUCTIONAL CASE STUDIES--CONCEPT, INCIDENT, DILEMMA, RELATIONSHIP, AND…

  11. The ABE/AMH Manual. An Instructional Guide for ABE Programs Serving Mentally Handicapped Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehman, Scott C.; Edgar, S. Keith

    This handbook provides adult basic education teachers with instructional materials for working with adult mentally handicapped students. Section 1 examines planning programs for adult mentally retarded students (getting started, specific considerations, various kinds of program sites) and implementing instruction (staff selection and training).…

  12. How Mathematicians Obtain Conviction: Implications for Mathematics Instruction and Research on Epistemic Cognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Keith; Inglis, Matthew; Mejia-Ramos, Juan Pablo

    2014-01-01

    The received view of mathematical practice is that mathematicians gain certainty in mathematical assertions by deductive evidence rather than empirical or authoritarian evidence. This assumption has influenced mathematics instruction where students are expected to justify assertions with deductive arguments rather than by checking the assertion…

  13. Mediating Complex Texts in the Upper Grades: Considering Motivation, Instructional Intensity, and Cognitive Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford-Connors, Evelyn; Dougherty, Susan; Robertson, Dana A.; Paratore, Jeanne R.

    2015-01-01

    Rising expectations for middle grade students to independently read and comprehend complex, discipline-specific texts have also raised expectations for the ways teachers will teach. Helping all students, despite assessed reading levels, to access grade level texts calls for instructional approaches that not only meet readers where they are, but…

  14. Self-Efficacy, Self-Regulation, and Cognitive Style as Predictors of Achievement with Podcast Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodges, Charles B.; Stackpole-Hodges, Christene L.; Cox, Kenneth M.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate possible factors that may affect academic achievement when instruction is delivered via podcast. Seventeen female Communication Sciences and Disorders students participated in this exploratory study conducted in the fall of 2006. Measurements of participants' individual differences on four variables…

  15. Cultural Adaptation of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy Guided Self-Help Program for Mexican American Women with Binge Eating Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shea, Munyi; Cachelin, Fary; Uribe, Luz; Striegel, Ruth H.; Thompson, Douglas; Wilson, G. Terence

    2012-01-01

    Data on the compatibility of evidence-based treatment in ethnic minority groups are limited. This study utilized focus group interviews to elicit Mexican American women's (N = 12) feedback on a cognitive behavior therapy guided self-help program for binge eating disorders. Findings revealed 6 themes to be considered during the cultural adaptation…

  16. Organizing Instruction and Study to Improve Student Learning. IES Practice Guide. NCER 2007-2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pashler, Harold; Bain, Patrice M.; Bottge, Brian A.; Graesser, Arthur; Koedinger, Kenneth; McDaniel, Mark; Metcalfe, Janet

    2007-01-01

    This Practice Guide is the third in a series of Institute of Education Sciences (IES) guides in education. Much of teaching is about helping students master new knowledge and skills and then helping students not to forget what they have learned. The recommendations in this practice guide are intended to provide teachers with specific strategies…

  17. Instructing occupational therapy students in use of theory to guide practice.

    PubMed

    Ikiugu, Moses N; Smallfield, Stacy

    2015-04-01

    We investigated the effectiveness of instructing students in occupational therapy practice models to facilitate their competence in applying theory in clinical practice. Course evaluation data were gathered and analyzed retrospectively. We found that perceived understanding of theory and its application improved significantly after instruction. The students' perceived competence in theory use predicted their level of confidence in their assessment and intervention skills. We concluded that emphasis on instruction of students in the use of occupational therapy practice models could be a viable method of improving practice through consistent use of theoretical guidelines in clinical reasoning. PMID:25821888

  18. Teacher Guide for Self-Appraisal, Video Inservice Program (ESEA, Title III).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shibata, Kenneth E.; Roberson, E. Wayne

    Part 1 of this document is a guide for writing instructional objectives based on Bloom's taxonomy. Included are examples and exercises designed to familiarize the teacher with the three behavior categories--cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains--and to provide practice in identification of institutional, instructional, and behavioral…

  19. Comparison of Classroom Instruction versus Use of Homework Assignments on Cognitive Knowledge Acquisition in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Skip M.; McGladrey, Brian W.; Silva, Andrea; Hannon, James C.

    2013-01-01

    Fitness for Life classes, in which a primary goal is for students to acquire health-related fitness knowledge, consist of a lecture session and an activity session. Unfortunately, devoting class time to a lecture reduces the time students are engaged in physical activity (PA). A potential solution to helping students develop cognitive skills…

  20. Cognitive Strategy Instruction for Functional Mathematical Skill: Effects for Young Adults with Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hua, Youjia; Morgan, Benjamin S. T.; Kaldenberg, Erica R.; Goo, Minkowan

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the effectiveness of a three-step cognitive strategy (TIP) for calculating tip and total bill for young adults with intellectual disability. In the context of pre- and post-test nonequivalent-groups design, 10 students from a postsecondary education program for individuals with disabilities participated in the study. A teacher…

  1. Assessment of Higher Order Thinking Skills. Current Perspectives on Cognition, Learning and Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schraw, Gregory, Ed.; Robinson, Daniel H., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    This volume examines the assessment of higher order thinking skills from the perspectives of applied cognitive psychology and measurement theory. The volume considers a variety of higher order thinking skills, including problem solving, critical thinking, argumentation, decision making, creativity, metacognition, and self-regulation. Fourteen…

  2. Does Instructional Format Really Matter? Cognitive Load Theory, Multimedia and Teaching English Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Stewart

    2012-01-01

    This article reports a quasi-experimental study on the effects of multimedia teaching and learning in English Literature--a subject which places high cognitive load on students. A large-scale study was conducted in 4 high-achieving secondary schools to examine the differences made to students' learning and performance by the use of multimedia and…

  3. Striving for Disciplinary Literacy Instruction: Cognitive Tools in a World History Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Girard, Brian; Harris, Lauren McArthur

    2012-01-01

    The authors present a case study of a world history teacher's mediation of her students' world historical thinking and writing through unit-level cognitive tools. They analyze both scaffolding and disciplinary tools that the teacher constructed for her students in order to improve their world historical thinking, and the degree to which the…

  4. The Influence of Visual Cognitive Style when Learning from Instructional Animations and Static Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffler, Tim N.; Prechtl, Helmut; Nerdel, Claudia

    2010-01-01

    In a 2 x 2 design, we examined the role of visual cognitive style in two multimedia-based learning environments (text plus static pictures/animations). A statistically significant interaction was obtained for deeper comprehension: Highly developed visualizers (HDV) who learned with static pictures performed better than HDV who learned with…

  5. Middle School Teachers' Usage of Dynamic Mathematics Learning Environments as Cognitive Instructional Tools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Escuder, Ana

    2013-01-01

    This study described, analyzed, and compared the internal and external factors that prevented or fostered the implementation of a cognitive tool, GeoGebra, in the mathematics practices of 12 middle school teachers who had completed a master's degree program in mathematics successfully. Through the application of a case study approach as a…

  6. Technology, Learning and Instruction: Distributed Cognition in the Secondary English Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomez, Mary Louise; Schieble, Melissa; Curwood, Jen Scott; Hassett, Dawnene

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we analyse interactions between secondary students and pre-service teachers in an online environment in order to understand how their meaning-making processes embody distributed cognition. We begin by providing a theoretical review of the ways in which literacy learning is distributed across learners, objects, tools, symbols,…

  7. Cognitive Tutoring based on Intelligent Decision Support in the PENTHA Instructional Design Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luisa Dall'Acqua

    2010-01-01

    The research finality of this paper is how to support Authors to develop rule driven-subject oriented, adaptable course content, meta-rules-representing the disciplinary epistemology, model of teaching, Learning Path structure, and assessment parameters-for intelligent Tutoring actions in a personalized, adaptive e-Learning environment. The focus is to instruct the student to be a decision manager for himself, able to recognize the elements

  8. Cognitive Tutoring based on Intelligent Decision Support in the PENTHA Instructional Design Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luisa dall’Acqua

    2010-01-01

    The research finality of this paper is how to support Authors to develop rule driven—subject oriented, adaptable course content, meta-rules—representing the disciplinary epistemology, model of teaching, Learning Path structure, and assessment parameters—for intelligent Tutoring actions in a personalized, adaptive e-Learning environment. The focus is to instruct the student to be a decision manager for himself, able to recognize the elements

  9. Cognitive, demographic, and motivational factors as indicators of help-seeking in supplemental instruction

    E-print Network

    McGee, Joel Vick

    2005-08-29

    Instruction (SI), or developmental courses. These and other similar interventions have been shown to be effective in improving student grades and increasing retention rates (Hodges & White, 2001; McKeachie, Pintrich, & Lin, 1985). A problem inherent... to understanding of intelligence. Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ): A self-report assessment instrument designed to measure students? motivational orientations and use of learning strategies (Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, & McKeachie, 1991...

  10. A Comparison of the Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction versus Printed Instruction on Student Learning in the Cognitive Categories of Knowledge and Application.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boettcher, Elaine G.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Investigated the learning outcomes of 83 nursing students randomly assigned to a computer assisted instruction (CAI) group or to a group taught with printed programmed instruction (PI). Findings suggest that CAI can be as effective as more traditional instruction in teaching both factual content and application of learned material. Fourteen…

  11. A Planning Guide for Gifted Preschoolers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malley-Crist, Justine; And Others

    Contained in the curriculum planning guide developed by the Chapel Hill Gifted-Handicapped Project are a model, a training sequence, and 17 instructional units for use with preschool gifted children. The model is explained to be based on the hierarchy of cognitive tasks developed by B. Bloom. A worksheet for teachers suggests activities to help…

  12. The effect of student-centered and teacher-centered instruction with and without conceptual advocacy on biology students' misconceptions, achievement, attitudes toward science, and cognitive retention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gallop, Roger Graham

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of student-centered and teacher-centered instructional strategies with and without conceptual advocacy (CA) on ninth-grade biology students' misconceptions (MIS), biology achievement (ACH), attitudes toward science (ATT), and cognitive retention of scientific method and measurement, spontaneous generation, and characteristics of living things. Students were purposively selected using intact classes and assigned to one of four treatment groups (i.e., student-centered instruction without CA, student-centered instruction with CA, teacher-centered instruction with CA, and teacher-centered instruction without CA). A modified quasi-experimental design was used in which students were not matched in the conventional sense but instead, groups were shown to be equivalent on the dependent measure via a pretest. A 5-day treatment implementation period addressed science conceptions under investigation. The treatment period was based on the number of class periods teachers at the target school actually spend teaching the biological concepts under investigation using traditional instruction. At the end of the treatment period, students were posttested using the Concepts in Biology instrument and Science Questionnaire. Eight weeks after the posttest, these instruments were administered again as a delayed posttest to determine cognitive retention of the correct biological conceptions and attitudes toward science. MANCOVA and follow-up univariate ANCOVA results indicated that student-centered instruction without CA (i.e., Group 1) did not have a significant effect on students' MIS, ACH, and ATT (F = .029, p = .8658; F = .002, p =.9688, F = .292, p = .5897, respectively). On the other hand, student-centered instruction with CA (i.e., Group 2) had a significant effect on students' MIS and ACH (F =10.33, p = .0016 and F = 10.17, p = .0017, respectively), but did not on ATT (F = .433, p = .5117). Teacher-centered instruction with CA (i.e., Group 3) had a significant effect on students' MIS in favor of Group 4 (i.e., control group) (F = 4.11, p = .0444), and did not have a significant effect on ACH and ATT (F = 1.83, p = .1777 and F = 1.89, p = .1709, respectively). Student gender and teacher gender did not have a significant effect on students' MIS, ACH, and ATT. In the cognitive retention model, there was no significant difference among the research factors relative to the 3 dependent measures.

  13. Testing for Certification at Work: An Instructional Program Guide for Equipment Operators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caverly, David C.; And Others

    This program guide documents an equipment operator's job family curriculum that develops competence in generic work force education skills through Commercial Driver's License minicourses. An annotated table of contents lists a brief description of the questions answered in each section. An introduction presents a program abstract and a guide

  14. The mysterious atmosphere of the Earth. ATLAS: Instruction guide with activities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    This teacher's guide presents lesson plans addressing various aspects of atmospheric physics and chemistry; the interactions between land, air, and sea; air pollution; and the mechanisms of climate change. The science concepts in this guide have been designed to complement the middle school curriculum. However, many activities can be used with younger or older students.

  15. Cultures of the Non-Western World. Grade 9. Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Chester School District, PA.

    This curriculum guide presents nine units for the study of world cultures in the ninth grade. The guide has been designed as one component of an ongoing comprehensive social studies program. Among the social sciences concepts which the units develop are cultural diffusion, prejudice, task specialization, urbanization, nationalism, and ethics.…

  16. Consumer and Homemaking Education Instruction for Homeless Families: A Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsang, Chui L.; Svabek, William H.; Abma, Deanna; Scanlan, Sonia S.

    This guide contains lesson plans for teaching consumer and homemaking skills to homeless families to support their transition to more secure and traditional lifestyles. Prioritized and developed based on the needs assessment of homeless families at the Salvation Army Gateway Transitional Housing in San Francisco, the 20 lessons in the guide cover…

  17. Consumer and Homemaking Education Instruction for Homeless Families: A Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsang, Chui L.; Svabek, William H.; Abma, Deanna; Scanlan, Sonia S.

    This study guide contains lessons on consumer and homemaking skills for homeless families to aid their transition to more secure and traditional lifestyles. Prioritized and developed based on the needs assessment of homeless families at the Salvation Army Gateway Transitional Housing in San Francisco, the 20 lessons in the guide cover topics such…

  18. Effects of instruction in creative problem solving on cognition, creativity, and satisfaction among ninth grade students in an introduction to world agricultural science and technology course

    E-print Network

    Alexander, Kim Darwin

    2007-09-17

    EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTION IN CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING ON COGNITION, CREATIVITY, AND SATISFACTION AMONG NINTH GRADE STUDENTS IN AN INTRODUCTION TO WORLD AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COURSE by KIM DARWIN ALEXANDER, B.S., M.Ed. A...-Chairperson of the Committee Steven Fraze Julie Harlin Fred Hartmeister Accepted John Borrelli Dean of the Graduate School May, 2007 Copyright 2007, Kim Darwin Alexander - ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This dissertation...

  19. The effect of sequence of instruction on students' cognitive preferences and recall in the context of a problem-oriented method of teaching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. C. Boreham; Margaret Redford Ellis; C. H. Morgan

    1984-01-01

    This experiment investigated two possible sequences in which biochemical theory and the clinical applications of such theory can be presented to pre-clinical medical students. The dependent variables were the students' cognitive preferences and their ability to recall the contents of the instruction. Seventy-two students were randomly allocated to either a Theory-to-application or an Application-to-theory condition. The results indicated that the

  20. Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, Vol. II, Part C. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoakes, K. C.; And Others

    This instructor's guide, designed for use with the curriculum, Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, represents a two-year wastewater technology instructional program based on performance objectives designed to prepare undergraduate students to enter occupations in water and wastewater treatment plant operations and maintenance. This…

  1. Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, Vol. II, Part D. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoakes, K. C.; And Others

    This instructor's guide, designed for use with the curriculum, Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, represents a two-year wastewater technology instructional program based on performance objectives designed to prepare undergraduate students to enter occupations in water and wastewater treatment plant operations and maintenance. This…

  2. Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, Vol. II, Part B. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoakes, K. C.; And Others

    This instructor's guide, designed for use with the curriculum, Plant Operations for Wastewater Facilities, represents a two-year wastewater technology instructional program based on performance objectives designed to prepare undergraduate students to enter occupations in water and wastewater treatment plant operations and maintenance. This…

  3. The effect of matching and mismatching cognitive style and science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conwell, Catherine R.; Helgeson, Stanley L.; Wachowiak, Dale G.

    This study examined the effect of matching learners' cognitive styles with science learning activities on science knowledge and attitudes. Fifty-six elementary education majors who were identified as Sensing Feeling types on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator participated in this study. The Sensing Feeling type is predominant among elementary school educators. The subjects participated in either nine science activities matched to the learning preferences of Sensing Feelers or nine science activities mismatched to their learning preferences. These mismatched activities were geared toward the learning preferences of Intuitive Thinkers, the dominant type among scientists. Results revealed no significant differences between matched and mismatched groups in knowledge of the material presented or overall attitude toward science and toward science teaching. Comparisons made subsequent to the hypothesized analyses did suggest that cognitive style may affect reactions to certain specific learning activities. The immediate reactions of forty non-Sensing Feeling types who also experienced the treatments were compared to those of the 56 Sensing Feeling subjects. Certain activities which were rated by judges prior to the onset of treatment as being particularly well-matched to the Sensing Feeling style did receive significantly more favorable ratings by the Sensing Feeling subjects than by other types. Conversely, the Sensing Feelers gave significantly lower ratings than other types to certain activities which, according to independent judges, were strongly mismatched to the Sensing Feeling style.

  4. An Instructional Model for Guiding Reflection and Research in the Classroom: The Educational Situation Quality Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Domenech-Betoret, Fernando

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to present an instructional model entitled the "Modelo de Calidad de Situacion Educativa" (MCSE) and how teachers can use it to reflect and investigate in a formal educational setting. It is a theoretical framework which treat to explain the functioning of an educational setting by organizing and relating the…

  5. Guide to Alternative Mortgage Instruments. Teachers Instructional Packet, TIP No. 4, Spring 1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Real Estate Research Center.

    Part of a series of classroom aids designed for real estate instructors, this instructional packet was developed to help real estate students understand the various alternative mortgage instruments, including their major advantages and disadvantages. First, an evaluation form for the packet is presented. Next, a summary presentation on four basic…

  6. Teacher Skill Guide for Combatting Sexism. Module 2: Sex Bias in Language and Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulvihill, Allie Mooney; And Others

    The objectives of this workshop module are to increase teachers' awareness of the sex role stereotyping that exists in language and instructional materials and to provide instructors with strategies for increasing student awareness of sex bias and for countering the effects of stereotyping in their classroom materials. Workshop handouts for use in…

  7. Evaluating Specialized Instructional Support Personnel: Supplement to the Practical Guide to Designing Comprehensive Teacher Evaluation Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holdheide, Lynn R.; Hayes, Lindsey; Goe, Laura

    2014-01-01

    In most states, educator evaluation systems are moving toward more frequent and focused evaluations that include educators' contributions to student outcomes such as learning growth. Many states include "Specialized Instructional Support Personnel" (SISP) in their educator evaluation systems, but the measures and methods used to evaluate…

  8. LIM-G: Learner-Initiating Instruction Model Based on Cognitive Knowledge for Geometry Word Problem Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wing-Kwong; Hsu, Sheng-Cheng; Wu, Shih-Hung; Lee, Cheng-Wei; Hsu, Wen-Lian

    2007-01-01

    Computer-assisted instruction systems have been broadly applied to help students solve math word problem. The majority of such systems, which are based on an instructor-initiating instruction strategy, provide pre-designed problems for the learners. When learners are asked to solve a word problem, the system will instruct the learners what to do.…

  9. WAVAI Curriculum Guide for Instruction in Wisconsin High Schools. 1975 Revision. Bulletin No. 5011.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Bureau for Career and Manpower Development.

    This guide is designed to aid the development of vocational education programs in agriculture in local school districts. Major program objectives, good learning conditions, program evaluation, suggested teaching methods, and Wisconsin's philosophy and procedures in developing occupational experience programs in vocational agriculture/agribusiness…

  10. Developing Professionalism in the Child Care Industry. An Instructional Program Guide for Child Care Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Ann; And Others

    This program guide documents a child care job family curriculum that develops competence in generic work force education skills through two minicourses: Basic Issues in Child Care and Child Development Associate. An annotated table of contents lists a brief description of the questions answered in each section. An introduction presents a program…

  11. Indian River County Environmental Education Instructional Guide. Social Studies, Eighth Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

    The teaching guide presents social studies activities for eighth graders to learn about environmental concepts, problems, and responsibilities. Part of a series for teachers, students, and community members, it is based on the Indian River County environment in Florida. The introduction identifies the county's natural resources, wildlife, and…

  12. Comparison of Meaning and Graphophonemic Feedback Strategies for Guided Reading Instruction of Children with Language Delays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kouri, Theresa A.; Selle, Carrie A.; Riley, Sarah A.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: Guided reading is a common practice recommended for children in the early stages of literacy development. While experts agree that oral reading facilitates literacy skills, controversy exists concerning which corrective feedback strategies are most effective. The purpose of this study was to compare feedback procedures stemming from 2…

  13. Indian River County Environmental Education Instructional Guide. Social Studies, Grade Nine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

    The teaching guide presents social studies activities to help ninth graders learn about environmental concepts, problems, and responsibilities. Based on the Indian River County environment in Florida, it is part of a series for teachers, students, and community members. The introduction describes the county's geography, natural resources,…

  14. Guide to Elementary Education in Oregon. Basis for Curriculum and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

    GRADES OR AGES: K-6. SUBJECT MATTER: Entire elementary curriculum, including language art, mathematics, the arts, social studies, science, physical education and health, foreign languages, home and family, and industrial arts. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The central part of the guide is divided into nine sections, one for each of the…

  15. Home Economics Education Guide for Instruction Preparatory to Entering Food Service Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Vocational Education.

    The teacher directed home economics education guide is planned to prepare high school students for entrance into food service occupations upon completion of high school. Course length includes two periods daily from one to three years, with on-the-job training recommended. It is recommended that students complete one or two years of a homemaking…

  16. Indian River County Environmental Education Instructional Guide. Social Studies, Seventh Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

    The guide is one in a series for teachers, students, and community members to help develop and teach environmental concepts, responsibility, and problem solving. It presents concepts and activities related to environmental education for seventh grade social studies classes. Background information is based on the Indian River County environment of…

  17. Online Research Guides: Audience, Assessment, and Advice

    E-print Network

    Giullian, Jon C.

    2013-05-23

    and project usually 10-25 pages. • Guides used in research instruction sessions Target audience ?Faculty? • They are typically aware of the research tools and journals in their field (or should be). Faculty rarely come to me for research help, except...: Using LibGuides to reach the virtual student. Journal of Library & Information Services in Distance Learning, 5(1/2), 67-75. doi:10.1080/1533290X.2011.570552 J.J. Little? Cognitive Load theory (summary) • Intrinsic cognitive load – brain power...

  18. Coming to see objects of knowledge: Guiding student conceptualization through teacher embodied instruction in a robotics programming class

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwah, Helen

    This thesis explores the questions of how a teacher guides students to see concepts, and the role of gesture and gesture viewpoints in mediating the process of guidance. To examine these questions, two sociocultural theoretical frameworks--Radford's cultural-semiotic theory of knowledge objectification (e.g., 2003), and Goldman's Points of Viewing theory (e.g., 2007)--were applied to conduct a microanalytic, explanatory case study of the instructional activity of an exemplary teacher and his students in a middle school robotics programming class. According to Radford, students acquire concepts as they draw upon semiotic resources such as language and gesture to generalize and objectify initially concrete perceptions and actions. I applied Radford's framework to explain the mediations that a teacher might enact in guiding students to objectify and see concepts. Furthermore, I focused on gesture as semiotic means because of emergent research on gesture's role in communicating the visuospatial imagery that underlies math/ scientific concepts. I extended the view of gestures to the viewpoints constructed in gesture, and applied Goldman's theory to explain how perspectives might be actively constructed and shared in the process of guiding student conceptualization. Data was collected over a semester through participant observation, field notes, teacher and student interviews, and reviews of artifacts. Multimodal microanalyses were conducted on video data from eight class sessions. The findings provide confirmations and some disconfirmations about the applicability of Radford's and Goldman's theories for explaining a teacher's process of guiding student conceptualization. Notably, some of Radford's notions about de-contextualization and symbolic generalizations were not confirmed. Overall, the findings are summarized through three themes including, grounding, and perceptual organizers as two ways that gesture and other means served to both index and identify action-perception schemes for bridging to the symbolic level of programming concepts and conceptual structures. A third theme of iteration, shifting, and layering described the quality of the teacher's process, and the importance of constructing shifting and multiple viewpoints in gesture and speech, as Goldman's theory proposed. Finally, implications for designing educational applications that draw upon gesture as mediational means are discussed.

  19. Examining the Relationships of Different Cognitive Load Types Related to User Interface in Web-Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheon, Jongpil; Grant, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This study proposes a new instrument to measure cognitive load types related to user interface and demonstrates theoretical assumptions about different load types. In reconsidering established cognitive load theory, the inadequacies of the theory are criticized in terms of the adaption of learning efficiency score and distinction of cognitive load…

  20. Cognition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terri Gullickson; Mary M. Hayhoe; Polly K. Pook; Rajesh P. N. Rao

    1995-01-01

    To describe phenomena that occur at different time scales, computational models of the brain must incorporate different levels of abstraction. At time scales of approximately 1 ?3 of a second, orienting movements of the body play a crucial role in cognition and form a useful computational level - more abstract than that used to capture natural phenomena but less abstract

  1. Effects of Explicit Instruction in Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategies on Iranian EFL Students' Reading Performance and Strategy Transfer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aghaie, Reza; Zhang, Lawrence Jun

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the impact of explicit teaching of reading strategies on English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) students' reading performance in Iran. The study employed a questionnaire adapted from Chamot and O'Malley's (1994) cognitive and metacognitive strategies framework. To test the effects of explicit teaching of cognitive and…

  2. Case study of the implementation of cognitive coaching by an instructional coach in a Title 1 elementary school 

    E-print Network

    Reed, Linda A.

    2007-09-17

    This research is a qualitative case study involving eight participants' Ã?Â?Ã?Â?seven teachers and one instructional coach at an elementary school. The student population of this school was a Title I eligible elementary ...

  3. Using the MATRICS to guide development of a preclinical cognitive test battery for research in schizophrenia

    PubMed Central

    YOUNG, Jared W; POWELL, Susan; RISBROUGH, Victoria; MARSTON, Hugh M; GEYER, Mark A

    2009-01-01

    Cognitive deficits in schizophrenia are among the core symptoms of the disease, correlate with functional outcome, and are not well treated with current antipsychotic therapies. In order to bring together academic, industrial, and governmental bodies to address this great ‘unmet therapeutic need’, the NIMH sponsored the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia (MATRICS) initiative. Through careful factor analysis and consensus of expert opinion, MATRICS identified seven domains of cognition that are deficient in schizophrenia (attention/vigilance, working memory, reasoning and problem solving, processing speed, visual learning and memory, verbal learning and memory, and social cognition) and recommended a specific neuropsychological test battery to probe these domains. In order to move the field forward and outline an approach for translational research, there is a need for a “preclinical MATRICS” to develop a rodent test battery that is appropriate for drug development. In this review, we outline such an approach and review current rodent tasks that target these seven domains of cognition. The rodent tasks are discussed in terms of their validity for probing each cognitive domain as well as a brief overview of the pharmacology and manipulations relevant to schizophrenia for each task. PMID:19269307

  4. Measuring Preschool Cognitive Growth while It's Still Happening: The Learning Express

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDermott, Paul A.; Fantuzzo, John W.; Waterman, Clare; Angelo, Lauren E.; Warley, Heather P.; Gadsden, Vivian L.; Zhang, Xiuyuan

    2009-01-01

    Educators need accurate assessments of preschool cognitive growth to guide curriculum design, evaluation, and timely modification of their instructional programs. But available tests do not provide content breadth or growth sensitivity over brief intervals. This article details evidence for a multiform, multiscale test criterion-referenced to…

  5. Guides to Special Education in North Dakota. VII, Individual Instruction Programs for Children Who are Homebound or Hospitalized (Including Supplementary Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smaltz, Janet M.

    Information on individual instruction for children who are homebound or hospitalized and in need of supplementary programs is defined as applied in North Dakota. The organization of the program, eligibility of pupils served, referral procedures, the responsibility of the local school administrator, the responsibility of the department of public…

  6. Reconstructing Technical Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herschbach, Dennis R.

    1998-01-01

    Gives an overview of learning as conceived in cognitive psychology and the constructivist view of instructional design. Presents applications of constructivist concepts to the learning environment for technology education. (SK)

  7. ADU Guide 3 Third edition

    E-print Network

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Guide 1. Birds in Reserves Project: Instructions. ADU Guide 2. Bird ringing in southern Africa: Projects for the future. ADU Guide 4. Frogs and frog atlasing in southern Africa. ADU Guide 5. SAFRING bird ringing manual

  8. How does high stakes testing influence teachers' classroom instruction?: Institutional pressures and classroom instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, Mika Yoder

    2011-12-01

    This study examined how a total of eight math and science elementary school teachers changed their classroom instruction in response to high stakes and low stakes testing in one school district. The district introduced new assessment in the school year of 2005--06 to meet the requirement set forth by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)---that the assessment should be aligned with the state academic standards. I conducted interviews with teachers and school administrators at two elementary schools, district officials, and a representative of a non-profit organization during the school year 2007--08 to examine how the new assessment introduced in 2005--06 had shaped classroom instruction. Concepts from New Institutional Theory and cognitive approaches to policy implementation guided the design of this study. This study focused on how materials and activities associated with high stakes testing promoted ideas about good instruction, and how these ideas were carried to teachers. The study examined how teachers received messages about instruction and how they responded to the messages. The study found that high stakes testing influenced teachers' classroom instruction more than low stakes testing; however, the instructional changes teachers made in response to state testing was at the content level. The teachers' instructional strategies did not change. The teachers' instructional changes varied with the degree of implementation of existing math curriculum and with the degree of support they received in understanding the meaning of assessment results. The study concluded that, among the six teachers I studied, high stakes testing was not a sufficient intervention for changing teachers' instructional strategies. The study also addressed the challenges of aligning instructional messages across assessment, standards, and curriculum.

  9. Guiding Learners through Technology-Based Instruction: The Effects of Adaptive Guidance Design and Individual Differences on Learning over Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanar, Adam M.; Bell, Bradford S.

    2013-01-01

    Adaptive guidance is an instructional intervention that helps learners to make use of the control inherent in technology-based instruction. The present research investigated the interactive effects of guidance design (i.e., framing of guidance information) and individual differences (i.e., pretraining motivation and ability) on learning basic and…

  10. Authoring Guide

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Comprehensively describes NJCATE's instructional materials development and authoring process. The Guide covers traditional style manual topics as well as issues particular to instructional materials development and publishing, such as readability, assessment, copyrights and contracts. Although originally developed for use by NJCATE's Mecomtronics Engineering Technology Program, the Guide's principles easily apply to any modular-based instructional materials development. Target Audience 2-4 year College Faculty/AdministratorsSelf Evaluation DataAn excellent resource to guide the development of integrated technical curricula, primarily at the post-secondary level, but also applicable to high school curriculum development.

  11. VARIATIONS IN INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA, PROCESSES, CONTENT AND APTITUDE VARIABLES IN RELATION TO EFFICIENCY OF COGNITIVE GOAL ATTAINMENT, VOLUME 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FATTU, N.A.

    THE REPORT, THE SECOND OF A SERIES (ACCESSION NUMBERS ED 003 239 THROUGH ED 003 241), INCLUDES SEVEN APPENDIXES TO AN EARLIER STUDY. THE APPENDIXES ARE TITLED, (1) PROBLEMS OF MEANING AND REFERENCE IN BLOOM'S TAXONOMY, (2) SCALE FOR APPRAISING A MODEL, (3) EXPLORATION OF INTERACTIONS AMONG INSTRUCTIONAL CONTENT AND APTITUDE VARIABLES, (4) AN…

  12. An Analysis of Instructional Design Conditions Using E-Books for E-Learning: Community College Students' Cognitive Load Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Sharon A.

    2011-01-01

    Universities are trending towards displacing traditional printed textbooks (p-books) with electronic textbooks (e-books), even though an incomplete body of knowledge exists about the learning value of using e-books as instructional materials. As a result, this dissertation study was conducted to determine if digital textbooks are as…

  13. Trainee Teachers' Mental Effort in Learning Spreadsheet through Self-Instructional Module Based on Cognitive Load Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tasir, Zaidatun; Pin, Ong Chiek

    2012-01-01

    A printed module should consist of media elements, namely text and pictures, which are self-instructional and could cater to the needs of the user. However, the typical platform of such visualization frequently overloads the limited working memory causing split attention and redundancy effects. The purpose of this study is to design and develop a…

  14. Interactive Instructional Video-Tapes, Scholastic Aptitude, Cognitive Development and Locus of Control as Variables Influencing Science Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeany, Russell H.; And Others

    Results are reported of a study that: (1) examined the relationships between university students' entry characteristics and achievement in biological science; and (2) assessed the effectiveness of interactive instructional video-tapes in improving science achievement. Among the variables examined as likely to predict achievement were scholastic…

  15. Semantics in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience: The Open Instruction Theory of Attitude Report Sentences, Descriptions, and the Necker Cube

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koralus, Philipp Elias

    2010-01-01

    The dissertation presents a theory of semantics and pragmatics for both language and vision. I focus on sentences including proper names, descriptions, and attitude report verbs, and on the Necker cube. I propose the Open Instruction Theory (OIT), according to which the linguistic meaning of a sentence and the semantic contribution of visual…

  16. Acculturation of Greek Americans: Change and continuity in cognitive schemas guiding intimate relationships.

    PubMed

    Koutrelakos, James

    2004-04-01

    The study compares Greek Americans to Greeks and to third-generation white Americans in their endorsement of two cognitive schemas guiding intimate relationships. Greek Americans were more rejecting of low self-disclosure in intimate relationships than were Greeks but did not differ from them on how strongly they advocated sacrificing the self for one's partner. By contrast, Greek Americans did not differ from Americans in their rejection of low self-disclosure and more strongly endorsed self-sacrifice in intimate relationships than did Americans. These findings were interpreted as indicating that Greek Americans have acculturated to a more individualistic orientation in terms of self-disclosure while maintaining a collectivistic orientation regarding self-sacrifice in intimate relationships. Respondents' age, cultural group, and whether they were college students or professionals interacted with how strongly individuals rejected low self-disclosure and showed that age and status differences were more pronounced between rather than within the three cultural groups. It revealed that the initial finding, showing that Greeks and Americans differed, was based on the scores of students; professionals, with one exception, did not differ in their disagreement with low self-disclosure, regardless of their age and cultural group. The exception was the older Greek American professional subgroup, whose stronger disagreement with low self-disclosure may be an overreaction to the acculturation process. Age and status differences were not significant in the American group, while there was a pattern in Greece for professionals to reject low self-disclosure more strongly than did students. Women were more rejecting of both low self-disclosure and self-sacrifice in intimate relationships than were men. Older women most strongly disagreed with the self-sacrifice principle and older men adhered to it more strongly with increasing age. Cette étude compare des Américains grecs à des Grecs et à des Américains blancs de troisième génération relativement à leur adhésion à deux schémas cognitifs guidant les relations intimes. Les résultats indiquent que les Américains grecs se montrent plus rejetants d'une faible ouverture de soi dans les relations intimes comparativement aux Grecs, mais ils ne se différencient pas de ceux-ci quant à la force avec laquelle ils se disent prêts à se sacrifier pour leur partenaire. En contrepartie, Américain grecs ne se différencient pas des Américains sur le plan du rejet de la faible ouverture de soi, tout en se montrant davantage en accord avec le sacrifice de soi dans les relations intimes que ne le font les Américains. Ces résultats sont interprétés comme des indicateurs que les Américains grecs auraient adopté la culture américaine d'orientation plus individualiste en ce qui a trait à l'ouverture de soi, tandis qu'ils semblent avoir maintenu une orientation collectiviste en regard du sacrifice de soi dans les relations intimes. L'âge des répondants, leur groupe culturel et leur statut de collégien ou de professionnel montrent une interaction avec le degré de rejet de la faible ouverture de soi. Aussi, il appert que les différences d'âge et de statut sont plus prononcées entre les trois groupes culturels qu'à l'intérieur-même de ces groupes. Les résultats indiquent que les données initiales, montrant que les Grecs et les Américains sont différents, sont basées sur les scores des étudiants; de façon générale, en regard des professionnels uniquement, aucune différence n'est soulevée pour le degré d'accord face à la faible ouverture de soi, peu importe leur âge ou groupe culturel. Une exception apparaît toutefois pour le sous-groupe d'Américains grecs professionnels et plus âgés pour lequel le fort désaccord avec la faible ouverture de soi peut refléter une sur-réaction face au processus d'acculturation. Les différences d'âge et de statut n'apparaissent pas significatives pour le groupe d'Américains, tandis qu'il semble y avoir un patron chez les prof

  17. Writing Reviews of Family Literature: Guiding Students Using Bloom's Taxonomy of Cognitive Objectives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark J. Benson; Michael J. Sporakowski; Andrew J. Stremmel

    A model for guiding students in writing reviews of family literature is presented. The conceptual base for the model is drawn from Bloom and associates' (1956) taxonomy of educational objectives. A survey of advisors addressing the skills of their graduate students in writing literature reviews is reported. The findings supported the hierarchical nature of the taxonomy and demonstrated similarities across

  18. A Framework for Analyzing Cognitive Demand and Content-Practices Integration: Task Analysis Guide in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tekkumru-Kisa, Miray; Stein, Mary Kay; Schunn, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Many countries, including the United States, emphasize the importance of developing students' scientific habits of mind and their capacity to think deeply about scientific ideas in an integrated fashion. Recent science education policies in the United States portray a related vision of science teaching and learning that is meant to guide the…

  19. Augmenting on-screen instructions with micro-projected guides: when it works, and when it fails

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephanie Rosenthal; Shaun K. Kane; Jacob O. Wobbrock; Daniel Avrahami

    2010-01-01

    We present a study that evaluates the effectiveness of augmenting on-screen instructions with micro-projection for manual task guidance unlike prior work, which replaced screen instructions with alternative modalities (e.g., head-mounted displays). In our study, 30 participants completed 10 trials each of 11 manual tasks chosen to represent a set of common task-components (e.g., cutting, folding) found in many everyday activities

  20. Effects of feedback, learner control, and cognitive abilities on state anxiety and performance in a computer-assisted instruction task

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joe B. Hansen

    1974-01-01

    Administered a battery of ability tests measuring general reasoning, associative memory, and trait anxiety (e.g., Ship Destinations Test, First and Last Names Test, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) to 98 female undergraduate education majors. Ss were randomly assigned to 3 groups-no feedback, feedback, and learner-controlled feedback-for a computer-assisted instruction course on Xenograde systems. State anxiety (A-State) measures were taken (a)

  1. Switching cognitive gears : Problem-based learning and success-based learning as instructional frameworks in leadership education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chen Schechter

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This article aims to reinterpret principal preparatory programs to also include the collective learning-from-success process (success-based learning), thus providing a complementary instructional framework on how to prepare principals for today's public school reality. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The discussion reviews the core leadership capacities for today's and tomorrow's principalship and the need to rethink principal preparatory programs accordingly. The interrelationship

  2. Diagnostic Assessment in Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forehand, Garlie A.; Rice, Myrtle W.

    1988-01-01

    Describes an experimental program of interactive assessment and instruction called GUIDES to Learning and Instruction, which is designed for use in college level remedial and developmental programs in writing, reading, and study skills. Highlights include microcomputer administration of measurement; response formats; feedback; validity for…

  3. Proceedings Instructions for Authors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. B. Authorsurname; C. Coauthorsurname

    Instructions for preparing papers for the 5th SEACOMP are presented. They are intended to guide the authors in preparing the electronic version of their paper. Only papers prepared according to these instructions will be published in the Proceedings. Provide an abstract of your paper no longer than 400 words.

  4. CBT Pilot Program Instructional Guide. Basic Drafting Skills Curriculum Delivered through CAD Workstations and Artificial Intelligence Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Richard J.; Sauer, Mardelle A.

    This guide is intended to assist teachers in using computer-aided design (CAD) workstations and artificial intelligence software to teach basic drafting skills. The guide outlines a 7-unit shell program that may also be used as a generic authoring system capable of supporting computer-based training (CBT) in other subject areas. The first section…

  5. Guiding Students to Develop an Understanding of Scientific Inquiry: A Science Skills Approach to Instruction and Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Elisa M.

    2014-01-01

    New approaches for teaching and assessing scientific inquiry and practices are essential for guiding students to make the informed decisions required of an increasingly complex and global society. The Science Skills approach described here guides students to develop an understanding of the experimental skills required to perform a scientific…

  6. Vocational Education Curriculum Specialist (VECS). Module 7: Derivation and Specification of Instructional Objectives. Study Guide. (Teaching/Learning Module).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.

    One of 15 core modules in a 22-module series designed to train vocational education curriculum specialists (VECS), this guide is intended for use by both instructor and student in a variety of education environments, including independent study, team teaching, seminars, and workshops, as well as in more conventional classroom settings. The guide

  7. Cognitive interviews guide design of a new CAM patient expectations questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background No consistent relationship exists between pre-treatment expectations and therapeutic benefit from various complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies in clinical trials. However, many different expectancy measures have been used in those studies, with no validated questionnaires clearly focused on CAM and pain. We undertook cognitive interviews as part of a process to develop and validate such a questionnaire. Methods We reviewed questions about expectations of benefits of acupuncture, chiropractic, massage, or yoga for pain. Components of the questions – verbs, nouns, response options, terms and phrases describing back pain – were identified. Using seven different cognitive interview scripts, we conducted 39 interviews to evaluate how individuals with chronic low back pain understood these individual components in the context of expectancy questions for a therapy they had not yet received. Chosen items were those with the greatest agreement and least confusion among participants, and were closest to the meanings intended by the investigators. Results The questionnaire drafted for psychometric evaluation had 18 items covering various domains of expectancy. “Back pain” was the most consistently interpreted descriptor for this condition. The most understandable response options were 0-10 scales, a structure used throughout the questionnaire, with 0 always indicating no change, and 10 anchored with an absolute descriptor such as “complete relief”. The use of words to describe midpoints was found to be confusing. The word “expect” held different and shifting meanings for participants. Thus paired items comparing “hope” and “realistically expect” were chosen to evaluate 5 different aspects of treatment expectations (back pain; back dysfunction and global effects; impact of back pain on specific areas of life; sleep, mood, and energy; coping). “Impact of back pain” on various areas of life was found to be a consistently meaningful concept, and more global than “interference”. Conclusions Cognitive interviews identified wordings with considerable agreement among both participants and investigators. Some items widely used in clinical studies had different meanings to participants than investigators, or were confusing to participants. The final 18-item questionnaire is undergoing psychometric evaluation with goals of streamlining as well as identifying best items for use when questionnaire length is constrained. PMID:24460709

  8. Self-Understanding, Empathy, Guided Discovery, and Schema Belief in Schema-Focused Cognitive Therapy of Personality Problems: A Process–Outcome Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Asle Hoffart; Sivert Versland; Harold Sexton

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the dispositional and\\/or episodic influences of the process variables of self-understanding, empathy, guided discovery, and convictions about primary early maladaptive schema, which are central concepts in the schema-focused cognitive therapy of personality problems. The sample consisted of 35 patients with panic disorder and\\/or agoraphobia and DSM-IV Cluster C personality traits who participated

  9. A Case Study of Principal Leadership in Guiding School and Classroom Instructional Practices in an Urban School of Diversity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flamini, Richard V.

    2010-01-01

    This study seeks to explore the leadership practices of the principal in a high performing urban school of diversity. Generally speaking, instructional leader effectiveness is often dependent upon the school leader's ability to create an environment where strong professional collaboration, frequent dialogue, and shared norms exist for improving…

  10. Guided-Inquiry Based Laboratory Instruction: Investigation of Critical Thinking Skills, Problem Solving Skills, and Implementing Student Roles in Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gupta, Tanya

    2012-01-01

    Recent initiatives in the laboratory curriculum have encouraged an inquiry-based approach to learning and teaching in the laboratory. It has been argued that laboratory instruction should not just be hands-on, but it should portray the essence of inquiry through the process of experiential learning and reflective engagement in collaboration with…

  11. Motivational Measure of the Instruction Compared: Instruction Based on the ARCS Motivation Theory vs Traditional Instruction in Blended Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colakoglu, Ozgur M.; Akdemir, Omur

    2012-01-01

    The ARCS Motivation Theory was proposed to guide instructional designers and teachers who develop their own instruction to integrate motivational design strategies into the instruction. There is a lack of literature supporting the idea that instruction for blended courses if designed based on the ARCS Motivation Theory provides different…

  12. Client experiences of guided internet cognitive behavior therapy for postpartum depression: a qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Pugh, Nicole E; Hadjistavropoulos, Heather D; Hampton, Amy J D; Bowen, Angela; Williams, Jaime

    2015-04-01

    Postpartum depression (PPD) afflicts up to 15 % of women following childbirth and negatively impacts both mother and child. Therapist-assisted internet cognitive behavior therapy (TAICBT) is a promising intervention for the treatment of PPD; however, women's perceptions of TAICBT have not been examined. Responses to 10 open-ended questions from 24 women who received TAICBT for PPD were thematically analyzed. The majority of women expressed that the TAICBT program afforded flexibility, accessibility, and convenience, as well as anonymity and privacy. Some participants described the program as helping them take a step in the right direction and enhance their self-awareness and parenting skills. Participants also described having the internet therapist individualize their treatment. Challenges related to the TAICBT program were also identified by a minority of participants including managing time to log onto the program, the fast pace, completion of homework around childcare duties, and challenges of not having a face-to-face therapist. Participants also made suggestions for future programming. The large majority of participants consistently described their internet therapist favorably; however, challenges related to the internet therapy were also identified. Results should be integrated in the development of future programming. PMID:25109484

  13. Expedited Applied Cognition and Neuroscience Advising Form Revised: December 7, 2011 APPLIED COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE

    E-print Network

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    Expedited Applied Cognition and Neuroscience Advising Form Revised: December 7, 2011 EXPEDITED APPLIED COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE ADVISING FORM (2011-2012) Instructions. Please answer all questions __ Neuroscience __ Human Computer Interaction __ Cognitive-Neuroscience __ Computational Modeling __ Neurological

  14. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Auto Body Repair. Development Period, July, 1983--June, 1984. Edition I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Wm. Edward, Jr., Ed.

    This curriculum guide is designed to assist vocational educators in presenting an articulated, performance-based course in auto body repair. Addressed in the individual units of the course (included in 14 modules) are the following topics: safety; leadership and job communication; career preparation; shielded metal arc welding; gas metal arc…

  15. Articulated, Performance-Based Instruction Objectives Guide for Electricity/Industrial Electricity. Development Period, July, 1983--June, 1984. Edition I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Wm. Edward, Jr., Ed.

    This curriculum guide is designed to assist vocational educators in presenting an articulated, performance-based course in electricity and industrial electricity. Addressed in the individual units of the course (included in 11 modules) are the following topics: safety, leadership, communication skills, career preparation, good work habits and…

  16. Developing Effective Fractions Instruction for Kindergarten through 8th Grade. IES Practice Guide. NCEE 2010-4039

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegler, Robert; Carpenter, Thomas; Fennell, Francis; Geary, David; Lewis, James; Okamoto, Yukari; Thompson, Laurie; Wray, Jonathan

    2010-01-01

    This practice guide presents five recommendations intended to help educators improve students' understanding of, and problem-solving success with, fractions. Recommendations progress from proposals for how to build rudimentary understanding of fractions in young children; to ideas for helping older children understand the meaning of fractions and…

  17. Guided Internet-based vs. face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy for psychiatric and somatic disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Andersson, Gerhard; Cuijpers, Pim; Carlbring, Per; Riper, Heleen; Hedman, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has been tested in many research trials, but to a lesser extent directly compared to face-to-face delivered cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials in which guided ICBT was directly compared to face-to-face CBT. Studies on psychiatric and somatic conditions were included. Systematic searches resulted in 13 studies (total N=1053) that met all criteria and were included in the review. There were three studies on social anxiety disorder, three on panic disorder, two on depressive symptoms, two on body dissatisfaction, one on tinnitus, one on male sexual dysfunction, and one on spider phobia. Face-to-face CBT was either in the individual format (n=6) or in the group format (n=7). We also assessed quality and risk of bias. Results showed a pooled effect size (Hedges' g) at post-treatment of ?0.01 (95% CI: ?0.13 to 0.12), indicating that guided ICBT and face-to-face treatment produce equivalent overall effects. Study quality did not affect outcomes. While the overall results indicate equivalence, there are still few studies for each psychiatric and somatic condition and many conditions for which guided ICBT has not been compared to face-to-face treatment. Thus, more research is needed to establish equivalence of the two treatment formats. PMID:25273302

  18. Guided Internet-based vs. face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy for psychiatric and somatic disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Andersson, Gerhard; Cuijpers, Pim; Carlbring, Per; Riper, Heleen; Hedman, Erik

    2014-10-01

    Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has been tested in many research trials, but to a lesser extent directly compared to face-to-face delivered cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials in which guided ICBT was directly compared to face-to-face CBT. Studies on psychiatric and somatic conditions were included. Systematic searches resulted in 13 studies (total N=1053) that met all criteria and were included in the review. There were three studies on social anxiety disorder, three on panic disorder, two on depressive symptoms, two on body dissatisfaction, one on tinnitus, one on male sexual dysfunction, and one on spider phobia. Face-to-face CBT was either in the individual format (n=6) or in the group format (n=7). We also assessed quality and risk of bias. Results showed a pooled effect size (Hedges' g) at post-treatment of -0.01 (95% CI: -0.13 to 0.12), indicating that guided ICBT and face-to-face treatment produce equivalent overall effects. Study quality did not affect outcomes. While the overall results indicate equivalence, there are still few studies for each psychiatric and somatic condition and many conditions for which guided ICBT has not been compared to face-to-face treatment. Thus, more research is needed to establish equivalence of the two treatment formats. PMID:25273302

  19. COATING ALTERNATIVES GUIDE (CAGE) USER'S GUIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The guide provides instructions for using the Coating Alternatives GuidE (CAGE) software program, version 1.0. It assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating an IBM-compatible personal computer (PC) under the Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS). CAGE...

  20. Employing Adult Education Principles in Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeMartino, Darrell J.

    An instructional systems approach to learning draws on principles of instructional design and development but also draws from theories such as behaviorism, information processing, cognitive theory, adult education, and systems theory among others. This paper focuses on how instructional designers can benefit from awareness of different adult…

  1. Intro to Valve Guide Reconditioning. Automotive Mechanics. Valves. Instructor's Guide [and] Student Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horner, W.

    This instructional package, one in a series of individualized instructional units on tools and techniques for repairing worn valve guides in motor vehicles, provides practical experience for students in working on cylinder heads. Covered in the module are reaming valve guides that are oversized to match a new oversized valve, reaming valve guides

  2. A Web Exercise in Evidence-based Medicine Using Cognitive Theory

    PubMed Central

    Lloyd, Farrell J; Reyna, Valerie F

    2001-01-01

    Our aim was to improve clinical reasoning skills by applying an established theory of memory, cognition, and decision making (fuzzy-trace theory) to instruction in evidence-based medicine. Decision-making tasks concerning chest pain evaluation in women were developed for medical students and internal medicine residents. The fuzzy-trace theory guided the selection of online sources (e.g., target articles) and decision-making tasks. Twelve students and 22 internal medicine residents attended didactic conferences emphasizing search, evaluation, and clinical application of relevant evidence. A 17-item Likert scale questionnaire assessed participants' evaluation of the instruction. Ratings for each of the 17 items differed significantly from chance in favor of this alternative approach to instruction. We concluded that fuzzy-trace theory may be a useful guide for developing learning exercises in evidence-based medicine. PMID:11251760

  3. Using ecology to guide the study of cognitive and neural mechanisms of different aspects of spatial memory in food-hoarding animals

    PubMed Central

    Smulders, Tom V.; Gould, Kristy L.; Leaver, Lisa A.

    2010-01-01

    Understanding the survival value of behaviour does not tell us how the mechanisms that control this behaviour work. Nevertheless, understanding survival value can guide the study of these mechanisms. In this paper, we apply this principle to understanding the cognitive mechanisms that support cache retrieval in scatter-hoarding animals. We believe it is too simplistic to predict that all scatter-hoarding animals will outperform non-hoarding animals on all tests of spatial memory. Instead, we argue that we should look at the detailed ecology and natural history of each species. This understanding of natural history then allows us to make predictions about which aspects of spatial memory should be better in which species. We use the natural hoarding behaviour of the three best-studied groups of scatter-hoarding animals to make predictions about three aspects of their spatial memory: duration, capacity and spatial resolution, and we test these predictions against the existing literature. Having laid out how ecology and natural history can be used to predict detailed cognitive abilities, we then suggest using this approach to guide the study of the neural basis of these abilities. We believe that this complementary approach will reveal aspects of memory processing that would otherwise be difficult to discover. PMID:20156814

  4. Making Bio-Diesel Instructions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Brown, Matthew

    These lab instructions provide teachers with the information needed to set up a lab session to make a diesel fuel alternative from a biologically-based oil. Extensive instructions are provided. The guide may be downloaded in PDF file format. Users must create a free login to access the presentation.

  5. Translating Expertise into Effective Instruction: The Impacts of Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) on Lab Report Quality and Student Retention in the Biological Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldon, David F.; Timmerman, Briana Crotwell; Stowe, Kirk A.; Showman, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Poor instruction has been cited as a primary cause of attrition from STEM majors and a major obstacle to learning for those who stay [Seymour and Hewitt [1997]. Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview]. Using a double-blind design, this study tests the hypothesis that the lack of explicit instructions in…

  6. Instructional Television Instructor Handbook Instructor Handbook

    E-print Network

    Karsai, Istvan

    Instructional Television Instructor Handbook 1 Instructor Handbook A Guide to Teaching on ITV: Main Campus Overview Interactive Instructional Television at ETSU is a way for students who do not live near..................................................................................................................................9 #12;Instructional Television Instructor Handbook 3 1 eLearning Staff In the event that you need

  7. Explicit Instruction Elements in Core Reading Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child, Angela R.

    2012-01-01

    Classroom teachers are provided instructional recommendations for teaching reading from their adopted core reading programs (CRPs). Explicit instruction elements or what is also called instructional moves, including direct explanation, modeling, guided practice, independent practice, discussion, feedback, and monitoring, were examined within CRP…

  8. Orientation: Automotive Mechanics Instructional Program. Block 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Ralph D.

    The first six instructional blocks in automotive mechanics, the lessons and supportive information in the document provide a guide for teachers in planning an instructional program in the basic theory and practice of a beginning course at the secondary and post-secondary level. The material, as organized, is a suggested sequence of instruction

  9. Planning Instruction for Adult Learners. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cranton, Patricia

    This book integrates what is known about how adults learn and the principles of instructional design into a practical, yet theoretically based guide for planning instruction. The following are among the specific topics discussed: (1) the theoretical framework of instructional design in adult education (lifelong and experiential learning;…

  10. Benefits and Constraints of Distributed Cognition in Foreign Language Learning: Creating a Web-Based Tourist Guide for London

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narciss, Susanne; Koerndle, Hermann

    2008-01-01

    This paper uses the framework of distributed cognition to discuss benefits and constraints of technology adoption and use in social-constructive language learning scenarios. The purposes of this paper are (a) to describe how the open-ended knowledge construction and communication tools TEE (The Electronic Exercise) and EF-editor (Exercise Format…

  11. Elegant Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luterbach, Kenneth J.

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a new form of instruction called elegant instruction. Generally speaking, educational technologists assert that instruction ought to be effective and efficient. Some educational technologists might add that instruction should also satisfy learners. Incorporating the standard requirements and going beyond satisfaction,…

  12. Impact of Guided-Inquiry-Based Instruction with a Writing and Reflection Emphasis on Chemistry Students' Critical Thinking Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gupta, Tanya; Burke, K. A.; Mehta, Akash; Greenbowe, Thomas J.

    2015-01-01

    The Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) laboratory instruction approach has been used successfully over a decade to engage students in laboratory activities. SWH-based instruction emphasizes knowledge construction through individual writing and reflection, and collaborative learning as a group. In the SWH approach, writing is a core component of…

  13. An impoverished machine: challenges to human learning and instructional technology.

    PubMed

    Taraban, Roman

    2008-08-01

    Many of the limitations to human learning and processing identified by cognitive psychologists over the last 50 years still hold true, including computational constraints, low learning rates, and unreliable processing. Instructional technology can be used in classrooms and in other learning contexts to address these limitations to learning. However, creating technological innovations is not enough. As part of psychological science, the development and assessment of instructional systems should be guided by theories and practices within the discipline. The technology we develop should become an object of research like other phenomena that are studied. In the present article, I present an informal account of my own work in assessing instructional technology for engineering thermodynamics to show not only the benefits, but also the limitations, in studying the technology we create. I conclude by considering several ways of advancing the development of instructional technology within the SCiP community, including interdisciplinary research and envisioning learning contexts that differ radically from traditional learning focused on lectures and testing. PMID:18697659

  14. Instructed Pragmatics at a Glance: Where Instructional Studies Were, Are, and Should Be Going

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taguchi, Naoko

    2015-01-01

    This paper brings together the research and developments of instructed pragmatics over the past three decades by reporting the synthesis findings of instructional intervention studies in interlanguage pragmatics. Two questions have guided this investigation: (1) is instruction effective in learning pragmatics?; and (2) what methods are most…

  15. Brush Busters Mixing Guide

    E-print Network

    McGinty, Allan; Ueckert, Darrell

    2004-02-05

    This easy-to-use guide gives mixing instructions for sprays to control huisache, mesquite, redberry cedar, saltcedar, tallowtree and yucca and to treat hardwood cut stumps. It can easily be attached to a sprayer if desired...

  16. The Effect of Guided Self-Reflection on Teachers' Technology Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farber, Susan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to pilot an instructional planning tool grounded in guided self-reflection on the instructional planning practices and instructional behaviors of a small sample of teachers. I designed the instructional planning tool, which was named the Informed Technology Integration Guide (ITIG). Participants used the instructional

  17. The Effects of Meta-Cognitive Instruction on Students' Reading Comprehension in Computerized Reading Contexts: A Quantitative Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lan, Yi-Chin; Lo, Yu-Ling; Hsu, Ying-Shao

    2014-01-01

    Comprehension is the essence of reading. Finding appropriate and effective reading strategies to support students' reading comprehension has always been a critical issue for educators. This article presents findings from a meta-analysis of 17 studies of metacognitive strategy instruction on students' reading comprehension in computerized…

  18. Differentiation in Data Analysis & Probability, PreK-Grade 2: A Content Companion for Ongoing Assessment, Grouping Students, Targeting Instruction, and Adjusting Levels of Cognitive Demand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor-Cox, Jennifer

    2008-01-01

    This book applies the author's easy but effective differentiation strategies to the data analysis and probability content standard. Taking the foundational elements of differentiation in this book, it helps you: (1) assess students' math abilities quickly and efficiently; (2) group children by need; (3) target instruction to meet every student's…

  19. Managing Mathematics: How Does Classroom Management Affect the Maintenance of High Cognitive Demand Tasks during Lessons with Standards-Based Instructional Materials?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barriteau Phaire, Candace

    2013-01-01

    The teaching and learning of mathematics has been the subject of debate for over 30 years and the most recent reform efforts are in response to concerns regarding the mathematical competence of students in the United States (Ball, Hill, & Bass, 2005; Battista, 1994; Cavanagh, 2008). Standards-based Instructional Materials (SBIM) allows…

  20. Instruction Guide Time Reporting Codes

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    workgroup has a default TRC for reporting regular time worked. Whether a non-exempt employee reports time in Punch Timesheet or Web Clock, the default TRC will be reported. If the exempt employee does not make any changes in Timesheet, the default TRC will be reported. The default TRC for each workgroup is shown

  1. Parents Guide to "Prekindergarten" Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Defense Education Activity, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is committed to providing the highest quality of education to its students. One way to provide a quality education is with an effective curriculum that reflects high standards and expectations. Thus, DoDEA has developed rigorous content standards aligned with national guidelines and standards.…

  2. Parents Guide to "Kindergarten" Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Defense Education Activity, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is committed to providing the highest quality of education to its students. One way to provide a quality education is with an effective curriculum that reflects high standards and expectations. Thus, DoDEA has developed rigorous content standards aligned with national guidelines and standards.…

  3. Instruction Guide Recruitment Compliance Reports

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Navigate to the Human Resource Services Website at www.hr.ufl.edu > Equity & Diversity > Publications or Latino ­ All persons of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture & Diversity Tel: 352-392-1075 Email: eeo@ufl.edu Website: http://www.hr.ufl.edu/eeo/default.htm #12;Filename

  4. Orientation to time as a guide to the presence and severity of cognitive impairment in older hospital patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emma OKeeffe; Osman Mukhtar; Shaun T OKeeffe

    2010-01-01

    BackgroundTesting of orientation to time is an important part of mental status examination. The validity of errors in different aspects of temporal orientation was examined in older hospital patients as a guide to the presence of dementia or delirium and as a measure of the severity of dementia, as defined by the Global Deterioration Scale.MethodsInpatients and outpatients attending an acute

  5. Human Cognitive Neuropsychology PROGRAMME HANDBOOK

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    MSc/Dip in Human Cognitive Neuropsychology PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2011/2012 Psychology School Neuropsychology 2011/12 2 MSc/Dip in Human Cognitive Neuropsychology 2011-12 This booklet is a guide to the MSc/Dip programme in Human Cognitive Neuropsychology. It complements and augments the information in (a

  6. Driver Education Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frederick County Board of Education, MD.

    Developed for use in high school driver education programs in Frederick County, Maryland, this curriculum guide contains five units for classroom instruction, along with a unit for range driving instruction and one for road driving experience. The five classroom units cover the following topics: preparing to drive, driving skills, the effects of…

  7. Steps toward Promoting Cognitive Achievements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winne, Philip H.

    This paper contends that efforts at educational reform must focus, above all, on the instructional encounter between teachers and students. The argument is presented in triadic sequence: three basic assumptions about learning, three interrelated models of the instructional process, and three practical approaches to promoting cognitive achievement.…

  8. Instructional Technology Research in Latin America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chadwick, Clifton B.

    1986-01-01

    Description of research activities in the field of instructional technology in Latin America highlights distance education, microcomputers, educational radio, learning strategies and study habits, and instructional development models and design of textbooks. Problem areas discussed include students' role, cognitive styles, and effectiveness, and…

  9. Process Interaction for Wastewater Facilities, Wastewater Technology: A Two-Year Post High School Instructional Program. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs. Volume V.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gearheart, Robert A.; And Others

    This document is one in a series which outlines performance objectives and instructional modules for a course of study which explains the relationships and functions of the process units in a wastewater treatment plant. The modules are arranged in an order appropriate for teaching students with no experience. The modules can also be rearranged and…

  10. Advanced Waste Treatment, Wastewater Technology: A Two-Year Post High School Instructional Program. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs. Volume VI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gearheart, Robert A.; And Others

    This document is one in a series which outlines performance objectives and instructional modules for a course of study which explains the relationship and functions of the process units in a wastewater treatment plant. The modules are arranged in order appropriate for teaching students with no experience. The modules can also be rearranged and…

  11. Management and Supervision Procedures for Wastewater Facilities, Wastewater Technology: A Two-Year Post High School Instructional Program. An Instructor's Guide for Use of Instructional Material in Wastewater Technology Training Programs. Volume IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, George J.; And Others

    This document is one in a series which outlines performance objectives and instructional modules for a course of study in the management of wastewater treatment plants. The modules are arranged in an order appropriate for teaching students with no experience. The modules can also be rearranged and adapted for courses to upgrade personnel moving…

  12. Effects on cognitive and clinical insight with the use of Guided Self-Determination in outpatients with schizophrenia: A randomized open trial.

    PubMed

    Jørgensen, R; Licht, R W; Lysaker, P H; Munk-Jørgensen, P; Buck, K D; Jensen, S O W; Hansson, L; Zoffmann, V

    2015-07-01

    Poor insight has a negative impact on the outcome in schizophrenia; consequently, poor insight is a logical target for treatment. However, neither medication nor psychosocial interventions have been demonstrated to improve poor insight. A method originally designed for diabetes patients to improve their illness management, Guided Self-Determination (GSD), has been adapted for use in patients with schizophrenia (GSD-SZ). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect on insight of GSD-SZ as a supplement to treatment as usual (TAU) as compared to TAU alone in outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia. The design was an open randomized trial. The primary hypothesis was cognitive insight would improve in those patients who received GSD-SZ+TAU as assessed by the BCIS. We additionally explored whether the intervention led to changes in clinical insight, self-perceived recovery, self-esteem, social functioning and symptom severity. Assessments were conducted at baseline, and at 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-up. Analysis was based on the principles of intention to treat and potential confounders were taken into account through applying a multivariate approach. A total of 101 participants were randomized to GSD-SZ+TAU (n=50) or to TAU alone (n=51). No statistically significant differences were found on the cognitive insight. However, at 12-month follow-up, clinical insight (measured by G12 from the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale), symptom severity, and social functioning had statistically significantly improved in the intervention group as compared to the control group. "Improving insight in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia", NCT01282307, http://clinicaltrials.gov/. PMID:25601635

  13. THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN. MANUAL OF INSTRUCTIONS FOR ADMINISTERING AND SCORING SIGEL CONCEPTUAL STYLE SORTING TASKS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HESS, ROBERT D.; AND OTHERS

    THIS MANUAL DESCRIBES MEASURES USED IN "THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN" PROJECT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO. THE SAMPLE FOR THE STUDY CONSISTED OF 163 NEGRO MOTHER-CHILD PAIRS SELECTED FROM 3 SOCIOECONOMIC CLASSES BASED ON THE FATHER'S OCCUPATION AND THE PARENTS' EDUCATION. A FOURTH GROUP INCLUDED FATHER-ABSENT FAMILIES.…

  14. THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN. MANUAL OF INSTRUCTIONS FOR ADMINISTERING AND SCORING "ETCH-A-SKETCH" TASK.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HESS, ROBERT D.; AND OTHERS

    THIS MANUAL DESCRIBES MEASURES USED IN "THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN" PROJECT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO. THE SAMPLE FOR THE STUDY CONSISTED OF 163 NEGRO MOTHER-CHILD PAIRS SELECTED FROM 3 SOCIOECONOMIC CLASSES BASED ON THE FATHER'S OCCUPATION AND THE PARENTS' EDUCATION. A FOURTH GROUP INCLUDED FATHER-ABSENT FAMILIES.…

  15. Where to find the mind: Identifying the scale of cognitive dynamics Luke Conlin, Department of Curriculum & Instruction,Benjamin Building, College Park, MD 20742 USA,

    E-print Network

    Hammer, David

    Where to find the mind: Identifying the scale of cognitive dynamics Luke Conlin, Department as occurring within individual minds and those that treat it as irreducibly distributed or situated in material and social contexts. We contend that accounts of individual minds as complex systems are theoretically

  16. The Effect of Accents on Cognitive Load and Achievement: The Relationship between Students' Accent Perception and Accented Voice Instructions in Students' Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Jeahyeon

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how an instructor's accent influences students' learning achievement. Furthermore, this study also explored how students' accent preference may affect their learning. Unlike native voices, accented voices were not natural to the native speakers; therefore, it required more cognitive resources for…

  17. A Model for Designing Library Instruction for Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rand, Angela Doucet

    2013-01-01

    Providing library instruction in distance learning environments presents a unique set of challenges for instructional librarians. Innovations in computer-mediated communication and advances in cognitive science research provide the opportunity for designing library instruction that meets a variety of student information seeking needs. Using a…

  18. Special Education Instructional Skills Guide for Identifiable Perceptual or Communicative Disorders (IPCD) and Significant Identifiable Emotional or Behavioral Disorders (SIEBD) K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George-Nichols, Nancy; And Others

    The guide is intended to provide information on appropriate programing for elementary and secondary pupils with either perceptual/communicative or emotional/behavioral disorders. The guide, which is patterned after regular education objectives, offers comprehensive task analysis in four content areas (subtopics in parentheses): (1) readiness…

  19. Welding. Student Learning Guides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ridge Vocational-Technical Center, Winter Haven, FL.

    These 23 learning guides are self-instructional packets for 23 tasks identified as essential for performance on an entry-level job in welding. Each guide is based on a terminal performance objective (task) and 1-4 enabling objectives. For each enabling objective, some or all of these materials may be presented: learning steps (outline of student…

  20. Vocational Carpentry Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

    The carpentry curriculum guide was developed as a basic guide to be used by instructors in formulating their own courses of study. The material is designed for use in vocational carpentry classes at grade levels 10, 11, and 12. Planned as a two-year sequence, it incorporates 1080 class hours of instruction and emphasizes light or residential type…

  1. Drafting Lab Management Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This manual was developed to guide drafting instructors and vocational supervisors in sequencing laboratory instruction and controlling the flow of work for a 2-year machine trades training program. The first part of the guide provides information on program management (program description, safety concerns, academic issues, implementation…

  2. Latin Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Agnes; Stevens, Patrick

    This guide delineates the scope and sequence of Latin instruction in levels 1-3 in terms of behavioral objectives. Following a review of the Bloomington, Minnesota, school philosophy and a discussion of the design of foreign language behavioral objectives on which the guide is based, the manual discusses expected terminal behavior in the level 1…

  3. URGENT DRIVER BEHAVIOR MODELING IN COGNITIVE ARCHITECTURE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    YANFEI LIU; ZHAOHUI WU

    The paper construct the driver behavior model in cognitive architecture of the urgent circumstance based on ACT-R theory, it strive to delineate the cognitive procedure of the driver's motor under urgent situation, and find the key cognitive factors of traffic accident avoidance, and then applying the model to the driver's training and instruction, and in the end the modeling method

  4. Instruction Manual ETX-90AT Astro Telescope

    E-print Network

    Natelson, Douglas

    Instruction Manual ETX-90AT Astro Telescope ETX-105AT Astro Telescope ETX-125AT Astro Telescope #12;#12;Quick-Start Guide .......................................................... 4 Telescope Features Your Telescope & Tripod..............12 Attaching and Using the Viewfinder..........................13

  5. Water Resource Management. [Student Guide] and Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Donald B.; Pottenger, Francis M.

    This student guide and accompanying teacher's guide are a product of the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) curriculum development project at the University of Hawaii. In the teaching guide, the introduction gives a description of the underlying theory and practice in FAST and includes the FAST instructional model, descriptions of…

  6. Culturally adapted cognitive behavioral guided self-help for binge eating: a feasibility study with Mexican Americans.

    PubMed

    Cachelin, Fary M; Shea, Munyi; Phimphasone, Phoutdavone; Wilson, G Terence; Thompson, Douglas R; Striegel, Ruth H

    2014-07-01

    Objective was to test feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a culturally adapted cognitive-behavioral self-help program to treat binge eating and related problems in Mexican Americans. Participants were 31 women recruited from the Los Angeles area and diagnosed with binge eating disorder, recurrent binge eating, or bulimia nervosa. Participants completed a culturally adapted version of a CBT-based self-help program with 8 guidance sessions over a 3-month period. Treatment efficacy was evaluated in terms of binge eating, psychological functioning, and weight loss. Intent-to-treat analyses revealed 35.5% abstinence from binge eating at posttreatment and 38.7% diagnostic remission. Results indicated significant pretreatment to posttreatment improvement on distress level, BMI, eating disorder psychopathology, and self-esteem. Satisfaction with the program was high. Findings demonstrate that the program is acceptable, feasible, and efficacious in reducing binge eating and associated symptoms for Mexican American women. Study provides "proof of concept" for implementation of culturally adapted forms of evidence-based programs. PMID:25045955

  7. Aviation instruction through flight simulation and related learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, Mavis Frankel

    The use of simulation in General Aviation flight training is an emergent practice and promises to increase substantially. Training through simulation is not addressed in the primary publication used to train flight instructors, however. In effect, training devices have been added into the curriculum by those using the technology as a cross between flight and ground instruction. The significance of how one learns in a training device is the potential effect on both in-flight learning and normal practices. A review of the literature, document review, interviews with flight instructors and students, and observations of instructional sessions in training devices, provided data to answer the prime research question: (a) What type(s) of learning best explain how learners are socialized to aviation through the use of simulation technology? One segment of the general aviation population, college and university flight programs, was sampled. Four types of learning provided a conceptual framework: reception; autonomous; guided inquiry; and social cognitive operationalized as cognitive apprenticeship. A central dilemma was identified from the data collected. This dilemma is the extent to which aviation and aviation instruction in training devices is perceived by instructors as being either safe or risky. Two sub-dilemmas of the central dilemma are also identified: (1) whether the perception of aviation on the part of instructors is one of control or autonomy and (2) whether aviators use and should be taught routines or innovation;. Three ways of viewing the aviation environment were identified from the combination of these sub-dilemmas by instructors: (1) aviation as safe; (2) aviation as somewhat safe; and (3) aviation as risky. Resolution of the fundamental dilemma results in an emergent view of aviation as risky and the implications of this view are discussed. Social cognitive learning operationalized as cognitive apprenticeship as an appropriate type of learning for high-risk fields is examined. A second dilemma was also identified from the data. This is a socio-technical dilemma addressing the influence of training device design on the type of learning employed by instructors. Implications of the findings are discussed in terms of task analyses, curriculum development, equipment, and instructional resources and training.

  8. Library Study Guide for Business.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steidinger, Jana Reeg; Trzebiatowski, Elaine

    This library study guide was designed for business marketing students at the University of Wisconsin, Stout. The guide, and its accompanying exercises, were developed as an alternative to providing library instruction to approximately 150 business marketing students each semester. The guide introduces students to basic business reference sources…

  9. Instructional Strategies: How Teachers Teach Matters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, Brenda M.; Bottoms, Gene; Feagin, Caro; Bearman, Amy

    This guide is designed to help teachers use various teacher-directed and student-centered strategies to increase students' involvement in and responsibility for their own learning, focusing on: "Introduction"; "Planning for Instruction" (e.g,. good instructional planning is aligned to course standards, students are actively engaged, teachers plan…

  10. Vocabulary Instruction: Research to Practice. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kame'enui, Edward J., Ed.; Baumann, James F., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    This highly regarded work brings together prominent authorities on vocabulary teaching and learning to provide a comprehensive yet concise guide to effective instruction. The book showcases practical ways to teach specific vocabulary words and word-learning strategies and create engaging, word-rich classrooms. Instructional activities and games…

  11. Effective Reading Instruction for Mildly Handicapped Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saski, Jim, Carter, Jade

    1984-01-01

    A psycholinguistic approach to reading instruction for mildly handicapped adolescents, emphasizing meaning rather than discrete reading skills, may include such assessment techniques as modified miscue analysis and informal reading inventories and such instructional alternatives as guided reading, previewing, and study strategies. (CL)

  12. Basketball: Special Olympics Sports Skills Instructional Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Special Olympics, Inc., Washington, DC.

    One of a series of coaching guides for Special Olympics Sports Skills Instructional Programs, this booklet focuses on basketball instruction for mentally retarded persons. An initial section introduces the sport and discusses general coaching ideas. Goals, objectives, and benefits are listed along with information on clothing and court…

  13. Sonoma Developmental Curriculum: Instructional Programs. Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Patrick, Ed.; And Others

    The guide presents instructional materials for teaching developmentally delayed children from birth to 6 years old. The following five instructional areas are covered (with sample activities in parentheses): gross motor (demonstrates a tonic-neck reflex, demonstrates ability to bear almost full weight, and crawls backward down three steps); fine…

  14. Whitewater Kayaking Instruction: Skills and Techniques.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poff, Raymond; Stuessy, Tom

    This paper briefly presents ideas and techniques that can facilitate effective whitewater kayaking instruction. Instructors often focus so much on the mechanics of specific skills that they overlook less obvious, but equally important, aspects of instruction. These aspects include the underlying purposes and guiding principles of kayaking…

  15. The Nervous System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Nervous System. Health Occupations Education Module: Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

    This module on the nervous system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit miniseries on anatomy and physiology within the series of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use the…

  16. Programs, '63: A Guide to Programed Instructional Materials Available to Educators by September 1963. Bulletin, 1964, No. 3. OE-34015-63. [Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Lincoln F.

    1963-01-01

    This bulletin lists materials available in the fall of 1963 to assist educators in their selections of programmed instruction materials, and updates the inaugural issue, "Programs '62." Since the 1962 edition provided a number of first analyses of programmed material available, some of the present statistical data have been related to last year's…

  17. Workplace Literacy Project. Computer Aided Instruction in Basic Workplace Skills, May 1, 1991-October 31, 1992. Performance Report, Executive Summary, and Curriculum Guides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mott Community Coll., Flint, MI.

    Originally designed to serve 400 employees, the Mott Community College (MCC) Workplace Literacy Project provided instruction in basic workplace skills to 566 employees from 20 companies. The cost was 2 percent lower than projected. All participants were assessed and counseled on the basis of the assessment tests. Individualized training plans were…

  18. The Musculoskeletal System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Musculoskeletal System. Health Occupations Education Module: Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

    This module on the musculoskeletal system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit miniseries on anatomy and physiology within the series of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to…

  19. The Circulatory System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Circulatory System. Health Occupations Education Module: Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

    This module on the circulatory system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit subset on anatomy and physiology within the set of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use the…

  20. The Reproductive System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Reproductive System. Health Occupations Education Module. Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

    This module on the reproductive system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit miniseries on anatomy and physiology within the series of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use…

  1. The Endocrine System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Endocrine System. Health Occupations Education Module: Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

    This module on the endocrine system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit miniseries on anatomy and physiology within the series of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use the…

  2. Guiding functional connectivity estimation by structural connectivity in MEG: an application to discrimination of conditions of mild cognitive impairment

    PubMed Central

    Pineda-Pardo, José Angel; Bruña, Ricardo; Woolrich, Mark; Marcos, Alberto; Nobre, Anna C.; Maestú, Fernando; Vidaurre, Diego

    2014-01-01

    Whole brain resting state connectivity is a promising biomarker that might help to obtain an early diagnosis in many neurological diseases, such as dementia. Inferring resting-state connectivity is often based on correlations, which are sensitive to indirect connections, leading to an inaccurate representation of the real backbone of the network. The precision matrix is a better representation for whole brain connectivity, as it considers only direct connections. The network structure can be estimated using the graphical lasso (GL), which achieves sparsity through l1-regularization on the precision matrix. In this paper, we propose a structural connectivity adaptive version of the GL, where weaker anatomical connections are represented as stronger penalties on the corresponding functional connections. We applied beamformer source reconstruction to the resting state MEG recordings of 81 subjects, where 29 were healthy controls, 22 were single-domain amnestic Mild Cognitive Impaired (MCI), and 30 were multiple-domain amnestic MCI. An atlas-based anatomical parcellation of 66 regions was obtained for each subject, and time series were assigned to each of the regions. The fiber densities between the regions, obtained with deterministic tractography from diffusion-weighted MRI, were used to define the anatomical connectivity. Precision matrices were obtained with the region specific time series in five different frequency bands. We compared our method with the traditional GL and a functional adaptive version of the GL, in terms of log-likelihood and classification accuracies between the three groups. We conclude that introducing an anatomical prior improves the expressivity of the model and, in most cases, leads to a better classification between groups. PMID:25111472

  3. A History of Instructional Design and Technology: Part II: A History of Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiser, Robert A.

    2001-01-01

    This second of a two-part article focuses on the history of instructional design in the United States. Starting with its origins during World War II, major events in the development of instructional design are described. Factors affecting the field over the last two decades, including increasing interest in cognitive psychology, microcomputers,…

  4. Computer Assisted Instructional Design for Computer-Based Instruction. Final Report. Working Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Daniel M.; Pirolli, Peter

    Recent advances in artificial intelligence and the cognitive sciences have made it possible to develop successful intelligent computer-aided instructional systems for technical and scientific training. In addition, computer-aided design (CAD) environments that support the rapid development of such computer-based instruction have also been recently…

  5. SPELT (Strategies Program for Effective Learning/Thinking): A Description and Analysis of Instructional Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peat, D.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Describes an instructional model, Strategies Program for Effective Learning/Thinking (SPELT), that was developed to translate cognitive psychological theory and research into a practical instructional program. The extent to which SPELT conforms to current instructional design principles is examined, and macro versus micro instructional sequencing…

  6. CNC Turning Technician. A Competency-Based Instructional System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloan, Kelly; Hilley, Robert

    This competency-based curriculum guide for instructing students in using computer numerically controlled (CNC) turning machines is one of a series of instructional guides for the machinist field developed in Oklahoma. Although developed jointly with Baxter Technologies Corporation and oriented toward the Baxter Vo-Tec 2000 Future Builder CNC…

  7. Automotive Electricity: Automotive Mechanics Instructional Program. Block 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Ralph D.

    The third of six instructional blocks in automotive mechanics, the lessons and supportive information in the document provide a guide for teachers in planning an instructional program in automotive electricity at the secondary and post secondary level. The material, as organized, is a suggested sequence of instruction within each block. Each…

  8. AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON THE DESIGN OF INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SMITH, ROBERT G., JR.

    THIS BIBLIOGRAPHY OF 449 ANNOTATED ENTRIES SUPPLEMENTS AN EARLIER HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH OFFICE REPORT, "THE DESIGN OF INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEMS" (TECHNICAL REPORT 66-18, NOVEMBER, 1966). IT SERVES AS A GUIDE TO MANY OF THE STUDIES CONDUCTED ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRAINING METHODS AND TOTAL INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEMS. AN INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM INCLUDES…

  9. Practically Speaking: A Sourcebook for Instructional Consultants in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinko, Kathleen T., Ed.; Menges, Robert J., Ed.

    The selections in this sourcebook offer a blend of research-based principles and practical advice to the instructional consultant. The first section, Skills and Techniques of Instructional Consultation, contains: (1) The Interactions of Teaching Improvement (Kathleen T. Brink); (2) Instructional Consulting: A Guide for Developing Professional…

  10. Fundamentals of Concrete and Cement Masonry. Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Laborn J.

    This curriculum guide provides materials for a course of instruction designed for training concrete masons who will make their careers in construction. It contains 4 sections and 18 instructional units in a standard format. Eight basic components that form a unit of instruction are performance objectives, suggested activities for the teacher,…

  11. The Heisenberg Microscope: A Powerful Instructional Tool for Promoting Meta-Cognitive and Meta-Scientific Thinking on Quantum Mechanics and the ‚Nature of Science'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hadzidaki, Pandora

    2008-06-01

    In this paper, we present a multi-dimensional study concerning Heisenberg’s ‚gamma ray microscope’, a thought experiment, which is intimately connected with the historical development of quantum mechanics (QM), and also with the most disputed interpretations of quantum theory. In this study: (a) we investigate how philosophers of science read and explicate the function of thought experimentation in physical science; (b) in the light of relevant philosophical theories, we examine the complicated epistemological questions raised by the ‚gamma-ray microscope’ during the birth-process of QM and the contribution of this thought experiment to the clarification of the physical meaning of Heisenberg’s indeterminacy relations; (c) on the basis of the preceding analysis, we propose an instructional intervention, which aims at leading learners not only to an essential understanding of QM worldview, but to a deep insight into the Nature of Science as well.

  12. Toward Clarity in Augmented Cognition Theory and Research: Cognitive and Physiological States and Processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark E. Koltko-Rivera

    Augmented Cognition researchers have much to gain from critiques situated within the philosophy of psychology, theoretical psychology, and 'general' (i.e., unified) psychology. A legitimate theory of Augmented Cognition would help guide research; to say simply that \\

  13. An Evolutionary Upgrade of Cognitive Load Theory: Using the Human Motor System and Collaboration to Support the Learning of Complex Cognitive Tasks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Paas; J. Sweller

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive load theory is intended to provide instructional strategies derived from experimental, cognitive load effects. Each effect is based on our knowledge of human cognitive architecture, primarily the limited capacity and duration of a human working memory. These limitations are ameliorated by changes in long-term memory associated with learning. Initially, cognitive load theory's view of human cognitive architecture was assumed

  14. Computer Instruction: Planning and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Judith B.

    On the basis of the experience gained in a Title III project called Computer Instruction NETWORK, the author presents some guidelines for the planning and implementation of a course at the high school level dealing with computers. The guide lists the first steps to be taken in setting up such a program, describes a teacher training program, and…

  15. International Relations: Library Instruction Unit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Cathie

    In support of the United States Naval Academy's program in international relations, library reference staff developed an instruction unit featuring appropriate research guides and a videotape produced at the Naval Academy Educational Resource Center. The videotape illustrates a sample search strategy and then highlights the use of four basic…

  16. Long-term effectiveness and outcome predictors of therapist-guided internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy for social anxiety disorder in routine psychiatric care

    PubMed Central

    El Alaoui, Samir; Hedman, Erik; Ljótsson, Brjánn; Lindefors, Nils

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Although the short-term outcome of therapist-guided internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy (ICBT) for treating social anxiety disorder (SAD) has been well studied, little research has been undertaken on the sustainability of treatment gains, especially under clinically representative conditions. Further, there is some debate whether delivering psychological treatment via the internet may be suitable for more severely ill patients. Design Longitudinal multilevel growth-modelling of long-term (1–4?years) follow-up cohort data. Setting An outpatient psychiatric clinic specialised in internet interventions. Participants 446 adults having been treated for SAD. Primary and secondary outcome measures Primary outcomes were estimated improvement rate and Cohen's d effect size on the self-rated Liebowitz Social Anxiety Disorder Scale. Secondary outcome measures were change in comorbid depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life. Results A large treatment effect was observed on the primary outcome measure after treatment (d=0.8 (95% CI 0.7 to 0.9)), with continued long-term improvements (d=1.2 (95% CI 1.0 to 1.3)). However, the rate of change varied significantly between individuals over time. A faster rate of improvement was observed among patients with higher illness severity, whereas having a family history of social anxiety was related to worse response. Long-term improvements were also observed in comorbid depressive symptoms (d=0.7 (95% CI 0.5 to 0.8)) and health-related quality of life (d=?0.3 (95% CI ?0.4 to ?0.1)). Conclusions These findings provide evidence for the long-term effectiveness of ICBT for SAD in routine clinical practice, even for more severe cases. PMID:26105031

  17. Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

    1986-01-01

    To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

  18. Cognitive-behavioral treatments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip C. Kendall; Susan M. Panichelli-Mindel

    1995-01-01

    The present paper provides an overview of the guiding theory and descriptive features of the cognitive-behavioral approach to psychosocial interventions for youths. Cognitive-behavioral treatment has been applied to various disorders including anxiety, aggression, depression, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, pain, and learning disabilities. Research on the nature of these disorders, a description of related treatment strategies, and an illustrative review of treatment

  19. Guiding Readers in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Denise N.; Williams, Jeffrey L.; Clark, Barbara; Hatteberg, Scott; Hauptman, Gayle Marek; Kozel, Claudia; Paris, Joe

    2013-01-01

    Guided reading is an instructional practice commonly used in primary and intermediate grades (Ford & Opitz, 2008; Fountas & Pinnell, 2001). It is used less in middle grades settings (Allen, 2000) where "one size-fits-all instruction" prevails (Allington, 2012). While teachers can read about the principles of guided reading in…

  20. Drafting Fundamentals. Drafting Module 1. Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Missouri Vocational Instruction Management System instructor's drafting guide has been keyed to the drafting competency profile developed by state industry and education professionals. The guide contains a cross-reference table of instructional materials. Ten units cover drafting fundamentals: (1) introduction to drafting; (2) general safety;…

  1. Raising Cognitive Load with Linear Multimedia to Promote Conceptual Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Derek A.; Sharma, Manjula D.; Reimann, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Two disparate research programs have addressed the challenge of instructional multimedia design. One, based on cognitive load theory, has focused on ways of reducing unnecessary cognitive load during instruction to free up resources for learning. The other, based on constructivism, has centered on interactive multimedia, allowing students to build…

  2. Electrical Mechanical Maintenance. Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santa Clara County Superintendent of Schools, San Jose, CA.

    This instructor's guide describes the development of a sixteen-week postsecondary course in electrical mechanical maintenance. Following introductory sections that provide background information and a course summary, the third section describes the instructional model used in the course. Section 4 presents an overview of instructional media used…

  3. Instructional analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cynthia K. Hoffman; Karen L. Medsker

    1983-01-01

    In the design of industrial instruction, it is important to maximize learning and transfer to job performance, while minimizing\\u000a learning time. Both task analysis and instructional analysis are essential processes for achieving these goals. Task analysis\\u000a is a tool for understanding and specifying the desired final performance or job. The product of task analysis may be a task\\u000a list, flowchart,

  4. Cognitive tutors: Lessons learned

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Albert T. Corbett; Kenneth R. Koedinger; Ray Pelletier

    1995-01-01

    This paper review the 10-year history of tutor development based on the ACT theory (Anderson, 1993, 1993). We developed production system models in ACT of how students solved problems in LISP geometry, and algebra. Computer tutors were developed around these cognitive models. Construction of these tutors was guided by a set of eight principles loosely based on the ACT theory.

  5. Principles of Refrigeration. Automotive Mechanics. Air Conditioning. Instructor's Guide [and] Student Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spignesi, B.

    This instructional package, one in a series of individualized instructional units on automobile air conditioning, consists of a student guide and an instructor guide dealing with the principles of refrigeration. Covered in the module are defining the term heat, defining the term British Thermal Unit (BTU), defining the term latent heat, listing…

  6. SAGE 2.0 SOLVENT ALTERNATIVES GUIDE - USER'S GUIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The guide provides instruction for using the SAGE (Solvent Alternatives Guide) software system, version 2.O. It assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating a personal computer under the Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS). AGE recommends solvent repl...

  7. SAGE 2.0 - SOLVENT ALTERNATIVES GUIDES - USER'S GUIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The guide provides instruction for using the SAGE (Solvent Alternatives Guide) software system, version 2.O. It assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating a personal computer under the Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS). AGE recommends solvent repl...

  8. Machine Accounting. An Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gould, E. Noah, Ed.

    Designed to prepare students to operate the types of accounting machines used in many medium-sized businesses, this instructor's guide presents a full-year high school course in machine accounting covering 120 hours of instruction. An introduction for the instructor suggests how to adapt the guide to present a 60-hour module which would be…

  9. Machine Trades Lab Management Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This manual was developed to guide machine trades instructors and vocational supervisors in sequencing laboratory instruction and controlling the flow of work for a 2-year machine trades training program. The first part of the guide provides information on program management (program description, safety concerns, academic issues, implementation…

  10. Mechanical Drafting. Student Learning Guides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ridge Vocational-Technical Center, Winter Haven, FL.

    These four learning guides are self-instructional packets for four tasks identified as essential for performance on an entry-level job in mechanical drafting. Each guide is based on a terminal performance objective (task) and 2-4 enabling objectives. For each enabling objective, some or all of these materials may be presented: learning steps…

  11. Teacher's Guide to "Artes Latinae".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masciantonio, Rudolph; And Others

    The purpose of this guide is to assist teachers in the classroom utilization of "Artes Latinae", the Encyclopaedia Britannica Latin instructional system. This guide is intended as a supplement to the publisher's teacher's manual and presupposes familiarity with it. Stress has been placed on the early units of the textbook, since the inexperienced…

  12. Introduction to Hydraulics. Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Univ., Austin. Extension Instruction and Materials Center.

    This instructor's guide on hydraulics is part of a series of individualized instructional materials. The guide is provided to help the instructor make certain that each student gets the most benefit possible from both the student's manual and what he/she does on the job. Notes for the instructor contain suggestions on how the student should use…

  13. Structuring Peer Interaction To Promote High-Level Cognitive Processing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Alison

    2002-01-01

    Examines the kind of peer learning that demands high-level cognitive processing, discussing how peer interaction influences cognitive processes (structuring peer interaction and using guided reciprocal peer questioning); how to promote cognitive processing (knowledge construction and integration and socio- cognitive conflict); metacognition; and…

  14. Access to Curriculum: Instructional Tools for Students with Learning Difficulties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Robert; And Others

    This manual identifies characteristics of instructional tools that are effective and efficient in promoting cognitive access for a broad diversity of students, especially those with learning disabilities. An introductory chapter defines "instructional tools" and considers the importance of their design, their use in addressing student performance…

  15. Instructed actions in, of and as molecular biology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Lynch; Kathleen Jordan

    1995-01-01

    A recurrent theme in ethnomethodological research is that of “instructed actions”. Contrary to the classic traditions in the social and cognitive sciences, which attribute logical priority or causal primacy to instructions, rules, and structures of action, ethnomethodologists investigate the situated production of actions which enable such formulations to stand as adequate accounts. Consequently, a recitation of formal structures can not

  16. Now, Pay Attention! The Effects of Instruction on Children's Attention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kannass, Kathleen N.; Colombo, John; Wyss, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    We investigated the effects of instructions to "stay on task" on preschoolers' attention and cognitive performance in the face of either incomprehensible or comprehensible distraction. Three- and 4-year-olds completed problem-solving tasks while a distracting event played continuously in the background under conditions of (a) no instruction, (b)…

  17. Evaluating Classroom Instruction: Sourcebook of Instruments. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borich, Gary D.; Madden, Susan K.

    During the course of investigations on such topics as the instructional styles, interaction patterns and personality characteristics of teachers, the organizational structure of schools, the technology of instruction, and the affective and cognitive growth of students, researchers have developed hundreds of psychological and educational…

  18. Writing Technical Instructions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-05-24

    In this lesson, students walk through the process of creating technical instructions by first analyzing existing instructions. They then select an item and an audience for which they will write technical instructions. After writing their own instructions, students conduct usability tests of each other’s instructions, providing user feedback. Finally, students use this user feedback to revise their instructions before publishing them.

  19. Cognitive Load Theory and the Use of Educational Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sweller, John

    2008-01-01

    Human cognitive architecture is a constant in a continually advancing educational technology environment. That architecture should be central in determining which technologies should be adopted and how they should be used. In this article, cognitive load theory is used to indicate aspects of human cognition relevant to instructional design, with…

  20. Applications and Misapplications of Cognitive Psychology to Mathematics

    E-print Network

    Reder, Lynne

    Applications and Misapplications of Cognitive Psychology to Mathematics Education John R. Anderson-processing approach in cognitive psychology would recommend careful analysis of the goals of instruction and thorough research problems. There is every reason to believe that as research in cognitive psychology progresses

  1. Instructional Coaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Jim

    2006-01-01

    The number of school districts using instructional coaches is growing at a staggering rate. Coaching is becoming popular, in part, because many educational leaders recognize the old form of professional development, built around traditional in-service sessions for teachers, simply does not affect student achievement. By offering support, feedback,…

  2. Vocabulary Instruction

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-04-30

    Part of the web site Doing What Works, this section describes research-based practices to promote vocabulary development in middle and high school. It includes a multimedia overview of the importance of providing explicit vocabulary instruction, video clips, links to research, and other resources. Content area teachers and strategies for use in content areas like science are specifically addressed in the recommendations.

  3. Instructional Aides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nielsen, Earl T.

    This monograph is designed to assist administrative school personnel in selecting, training, and retaining the best qualified instructional aides available. It covers five areas: (1) employment procedures--outlining important points under recruitment, applications, examinations, interviews, and selection; (2) payroll procedures--outlining how to…

  4. New Jersey Industrial Arts Education Safety Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kobylarz, Joseph D.; Olender, Francis B.

    This guide was developed to assist the teacher in planning, implementing, revising, or improving safety instruction in industrial arts classes in New Jersey, and has as its theme, "Safety Is Everyone's Responsibility." The guide is organized in seven major sections. The first section explains the purpose of the guide, outlines the contents of a…

  5. Instructional Factors Analysis: A Cognitive Model For Multiple Instructional Interventions

    E-print Network

    Gordon, Geoffrey J.

    -performed both AFM and PFM models on various tasks. However, the relative performance of the IFM models depends- son 1995], Additive Factor Models (AFM) [Cen et al. 2006; 2008], and Performance Factor Models (PFM will examine prediction types 1 and 2 and leave type 3 for future work. Previously KT and PFM have been

  6. Foodservice Occupations Cluster Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

    Intended to assist vocational teachers in developing and implementing a cluster program in food service occupations, this guide contains sections on cluster organization and implementation and instructional emphasis areas. The cluster organization and implementation section covers goal-based planning and includes a proposed cluster curriculum, a…

  7. Material Writer's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Patricia, Ed.

    This guide is a collection of essays on the writing of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) textbooks and other instructional materials. Articles include: "Writing and Publishing Textbooks (Patricia Byrd); "The Craft of Materials Writing" (Fraida Dubin); "Considering Culture: Guidelines for ESL/EFL Textbook Writers" (Gayle Nelson); "Issues in the…

  8. Personal Finance Education Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

    This guide is intended to assist curriculum planners and classroom teachers in designing and implementing personal finance instruction to meet a variety of student needs, interests, and abilities. It is organized under five concept areas: employment and income, money management, credit, purchase of goods and services, and rights and…

  9. SOCMATICAS Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frame, Laurence

    Instructions for use of Socmaticas, a bilingual (Spanish-English), multicultural, multidisciplinary sports learning program are given in this teacher's guide. The program is based on the use of World Soccer team rosters (which include lists of players' names, ages, heights, weights, etc.) to teach English as a second language or Spanish. Students…

  10. Autobody Technology Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This Idaho state curriculum guide provides lists of tasks, performance objectives, and enabling objectives for instruction in auto body technology. Following a curriculum framework that explains major content, laboratory activities, and intended outcomes, the document lists all tasks covered in the curriculum. The bulk of the document consists of…

  11. Industrial Education Safety Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    California is one of the few states in which school districts have a legal responsibility for accidents involving students while they are participating in assigned school activities. This guide was prepared to help school administrators and teachers evaluate their safety instruction programs and industrial education facilities in accordance with…

  12. Steroids. A Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of School Health Education and Services.

    This guide provides information on steroid use as well as prevention and intervention strategies. It is intended to serve as a supplement to drug abuse education and prevention programs in elementary and secondary schools and as the basis for local curriculum development and instructional activities. The following topics are covered: (1) history…

  13. Role of Reading Engagement in Mediating Effects of Reading Comprehension Instruction on Reading Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wigfield, Allan; Guthrie, John T.; Perencevich, Kathleen C.; Taboada, Ana; Klauda, Susan Lutz; McRae, Angela; Barbosa, Pedro

    2008-01-01

    The engagement model of reading development suggests that instruction improves students' reading comprehension to the extent that it increases students' engagement processes in reading. We compared how Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) (support for cognitive and motivational processes in reading), strategy instruction (support for…

  14. Mining Learning Preferences in Web-Based Instruction: Holists vs. Serialists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clewley, Natalie; Chen, Sherry Y.; Liu, Xiaohui

    2011-01-01

    Web-based instruction programs are used by learners with diverse knowledge, skills and needs. These differences determine their preferences for the design of Web-based instruction programs and ultimately influence learners' success in using them. Cognitive style has been found to significantly affect learners' preferences of web-based instruction

  15. Personalizing Foreign Language Instruction: Learning Styles and Teaching Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schulz, Renate A., Ed.

    This volume consists of the following papers selected from those presented at the 1977 Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: (1) "Educational Cognitive Style: A Basis for Personalizing Foreign Language Instruction," by Derek N. Nunney; (2) "Discovering Student Learning Styles through Cognitive Style Mapping," by Helen S.…

  16. Cognitive science Why cognitive science?

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    courses are there? Neuroscience with Cognitive Science (p100) Philosophy and Cognitive Science (p102Cognitive science Why cognitive science? How does the mind work? What is the relation between mind and philosophical breakthroughs, and placing the notion of computation centre-stage, cognitive science offers

  17. Cognitive science Why cognitive science?

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    breakthroughs ­ in psychology, neuroscience, philosophy and artificial intelligence (AI) ­ cognitive science) in Neuroscience with Cognitive Science (p111) BA (Hons) in Philosophy and Cognitive Science (p113) BSc (HonsCognitive science Why cognitive science? How does the mind work? What is the relation between mind

  18. The Expertise Reversal Effect Concerning Instructional Explanations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rey, Gunter Daniel; Fischer, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    The expertise reversal effect occurs when learner's expertise moderates design principles derived from cognitive load theory. Although this effect is supported by numerous empirical studies, indicating an overall large effect size, the effect was never tested by inducing expertise experimentally and using instructional explanations in a…

  19. Cognitive development in introductory physics: A research-based approach to curriculum reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teodorescu, Raluca Elena

    This project describes the research on a classification of physics problems in the context of introductory physics courses. This classification, called the Taxonomy of Introductory Physics Problems (TIPP), relates physics problems to the cognitive processes required to solve them. TIPP was created for designing and clarifying educational objectives, for developing assessments that can evaluate individual component processes of the problem-solving process, and for guiding curriculum design in introductory physics courses, specifically within the context of a "thinking-skills" curriculum. TIPP relies on the following resources: (1) cognitive research findings adopted by physics education research, (2) expert-novice research discoveries acknowledged by physics education research, (3) an educational psychology taxonomy for educational objectives, and (4) various collections of physics problems created by physics education researchers or developed by textbook authors. TIPP was used in the years 2006--2008 to reform the first semester of the introductory algebra-based physics course (called Phys 11) at The George Washington University. The reform sought to transform our curriculum into a "thinking-skills" curriculum that trades "breadth for depth" by focusing on fewer topics while targeting the students' cognitive development. We employed existing research on the physics problem-solving expert-novice behavior, cognitive science and behavioral science findings, and educational psychology recommendations. Our pedagogy relies on didactic constructs such as the GW-ACCESS problem-solving protocol, learning progressions and concept maps that we have developed and implemented in our introductory physics course. These tools were designed based on TIPP. Their purpose is: (1) to help students build local and global coherent knowledge structures, (2) to develop more context-independent problem-solving abilities, (3) to gain confidence in problem solving, and (4) to establish connections between everyday phenomena and underlying physics concepts. We organize traditional and research-based physics problems such that students experience a gradual increase in complexity related to problem context, problem features and cognitive processes needed to solve the problem. The instructional environment that we designed allows for explicit monitoring, control and measurement of the cognitive processes exercised during the instruction period. It is easily adaptable to any kind of curriculum and can be readily adjusted throughout the semester. To assess the development of students' problem-solving abilities, we created rubrics that measure specific aspects of the thinking involved in physics problem solving. The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) was administered pre- and post-instruction to determine students' shift in dispositions towards learning physics. The Force Concept Inventory (FCI) was administered pre- and post-instruction to determine students' level of conceptual understanding. The results feature improvements in students' problem-solving abilities and in their attitudes towards learning physics.

  20. eduroam Windows 7 Setup Guide Page 1 of 4

    E-print Network

    eduroam Windows 7 Setup Guide Page 1 of 4 Last updated: August 2012 Curtin IT Services eduroam Setup Guide For Microsoft Windows 7 This guide is intended for researchers, staff and students Follow the instructions as shown below: Note: You may be able to use this setup guide for Windows Vista

  1. The Answer Is in the Question: A Guide for Describing and Investigating the Conceptual Foundations and Statistical Properties of Cognitive Psychometric Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rupp, Andre A.

    2007-01-01

    One of the most revolutionary advances in psychometric research during the last decades has been the systematic development of statistical models that allow for cognitive psychometric research (CPR) to be conducted. Many of the models currently available for such purposes are extensions of basic latent variable models in item response theory…

  2. Advancing lie detection by inducing cognitive load on liars: a review of relevant theories and techniques guided by lessons from polygraph-based approaches.

    PubMed

    Walczyk, Jeffrey J; Igou, Frank P; Dixon, Alexa P; Tcholakian, Talar

    2013-01-01

    This article critically reviews techniques and theories relevant to the emerging field of "lie detection by inducing cognitive load selectively on liars." To help these techniques benefit from past mistakes, we start with a summary of the polygraph-based Controlled Question Technique (CQT) and the major criticisms of it made by the National Research Council (2003), including that it not based on a validated theory and administration procedures have not been standardized. Lessons from the more successful Guilty Knowledge Test are also considered. The critical review that follows starts with the presentation of models and theories offering insights for cognitive lie detection that can undergird theoretically load-inducing approaches. This is followed by evaluation of specific research-based, load-inducing proposals, especially for their susceptibility to rehearsal and other countermeasures. To help organize these proposals and suggest new direction for innovation and refinement, a theoretical taxonomy is presented based on the type of cognitive load induced in examinees (intrinsic or extraneous) and how open-ended the responses to test items are. Finally, four recommendations are proffered that can help researchers and practitioners to avert the corresponding mistakes with the CQT and yield new, valid cognitive lie detection technologies. PMID:23378840

  3. Statements Not Questions: A Reading Comprehension Instruction Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cockrum, Ward A.; Timmerman, Jamie; Kurth, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    Reading comprehension instruction that helps guide the students' interactions with text needs to include discussions about the material that was read and the meaning the students have formed from reading it. Statements Not Questions is a reading comprehension instruction strategy that can promote students' ability to understand stories they are…

  4. Blended Instruction: Integrating the Curriculum through Projects and Curriculum Alignment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Career Technology and Adult Learning.

    "Blended instruction" is an approach to integrating high school curriculum around broad career clusters or areas of student interest and study. Blended instruction is intended to engage students in more challenging assignments, increase attendance, and increase student academic and technical achievement. This Maryland guide contains materials to…

  5. An instructional strategy framework for online learning environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott D. Johnson; Steven R. Aragon

    2003-01-01

    The rapid growth of web-based instruction has raised many questions about the quality of online courses. It appears that many online courses are simply modeled after traditional forms of instruction instead of incorporating a design that takes advantage of the unique capabilities of web- based learning environments. The authors present a conceptual framework that can guide the development of online

  6. TMS320C55x DSP Mnemonic Instruction Set

    E-print Network

    Reisslein, Martin

    TMS320C55x DSP Mnemonic Instruction Set Reference Guide Literature Number: SPRU374E April 2001 Incorporated #12;iii Preface Read This First About This Manual The TMS320C55xTM DSP is a fixed-point digital signal processor (DSP) in the TMS320TM family, and it can use either of two forms of the instruction set

  7. A Handbook for Classroom Instruction That Works, 2nd Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Perfect for self-help and professional learning communities, this handbook makes it much easier to apply the teaching practices from the ASCD-McREL best-seller "Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement, 2nd Edition." The authors take you through the refined Instructional Planning Guide, so you…

  8. Enhancing Mechanics Learning through Cognitively Appropriate Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Espinoza, Fernando

    2004-01-01

    The unquestionably central role of physics in the development of scientific literacy is undermined by its perceived difficulty. An investigation of high school students' use of the concepts of momentum and force suggests that, in the case of mechanics, the reason for physics' unpopularity and image as a "hard" subject is largely due to an…

  9. COATING ALTERNATIVES GUIDE (CAGE) USER'S GUIDE (EPA/600/R-01/030)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The guide provides instructions for using the Coating Alternatives GuidE (CAGE) software program, version 1.0. It assumes that the user is familiar with the fundamentals of operating an IBM-compatible personal computer (PC) under the Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS). CAGE...

  10. Algo-Heuristic Theory of Performance, Learning, and Instruction: Subject, Problems, Principles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landa, Lev N.

    1984-01-01

    The algo-heuristic theory is concerned with identifying unobservable cognitive processes and their unconscious component cognitive operations, including learning how to describe them algorithmically and heuristically, and how to devise specific instructional tools (algorithmic and heuristic) to develop cognitive processes much faster. (BW)

  11. Master of Education in Curriculum and Instruction The Master of Education in Curriculum and

    E-print Network

    Theory & Curriculum Design (3) Focuses on cognitive science relative to how people learn and how perspectives on learning, cognition and cognitive development. Using current learning theories and a range and goals of its candidates to become advanced instructional leaders in teaching and learning, training

  12. V-TECS Guide for Commercial Foods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Ronald T.; Benson, Robert T.

    This guide is designed to provide job-relevant tasks, performance objectives, performance guides, resources, teaching activities, evaluation standards, and achievement testing for commercial foods occupations. It can be used with any teaching method, and it addresses all three domains of learning: psychomotor, cognitive, and affective. The guide

  13. Mathematics education for low-achieving students : Effects of different instructional principles on multiplication learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evertje Helena Kroesbergen

    2002-01-01

    This dissertation contains a number of articles reporting on research on instruction for students who have difficulties learning mathematics. The focus lies on the kind of instruction that these students need to adequately master the mathematics skills required by the elementary school curriculum. Recent developments in mathematics education ask for guided instruction. In the study reported on here, the effectiveness

  14. Enhancing an Instructional Design Model for Virtual Reality-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chwen Jen; Teh, Chee Siong

    2013-01-01

    In order to effectively utilize the capabilities of virtual reality (VR) in supporting the desired learning outcomes, careful consideration in the design of instruction for VR learning is crucial. In line with this concern, previous work proposed an instructional design model that prescribes instructional methods to guide the design of VR-based…

  15. A Methodological Study of a Computer-Managed Instructional Program in High School Physics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denton, Jon James

    The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an instructional model which utilized the computer to produce individually prescribed instructional guides in physics at the secondary school level. The sample consisted of three classes. Of these, two were randomly selected to serve as the treatment groups, e.g., individualized instruction and…

  16. The 1993-94 Educational Software Preview Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Best, Anita, Ed.; Mathis, Judi, Ed.

    This guide lists favorably reviewed, commercially available, microcomputer software for instructional use in preschool through grade 12. The guide is organized by the following curriculum areas: art; business education; computers; health; instructional tools, including authoring systems, computer assisted drafting (CAD), classroom management,…

  17. Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Health Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Phillip R., Comp.

    This resource guide for classroom teachers contains annotations of resources representing recent instructional development in competency-based education for health occupations. It is also intended to assist curriculum specialists, administrators, and supervisors in development of performance-based instructional programs. The guide is divided into…

  18. Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Distributive Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Phillip R., Comp.

    This resource guide for classroom teachers contains annotations of resources representing recent instructional development in competency-based education for distributive education. It is also intended to assist curriculum specialists, administrators, and supervisors in development of performance-based instructional programs. The guide is divided…

  19. Computer Assisted Drafting (CNC) Drawings. Drafting Module 6. Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Missouri Vocational Instruction Management System instructor's drafting guide has been keyed to the drafting competency profile developed by state industry and education professionals. This unit contains information on computer-assisted drafting drawings. The guide contains a cross-reference table of instructional materials and 20 worksheets.…

  20. Missouri Introduction to Materials and Processing Technology. Instructor Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This guide is intended to support a high school specialization course in materials and processing technology. The document contains three sections: (1) information on using the material; (2) a set of instructor guides for eight instructional units; (3) 15 technological activity modules and teacher and student instructions for their use; and (4)…

  1. Germany: The Search for Unity. Guide for Workshop Leaders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankenship, Glen

    This document is designed to support teachers in the use of instructional materials related to contemporary Germany. The materials in this guide provide the basis for a one-day, 5 hour inservice session. The workshop agenda begins the guide and sets out the schedule of times for different activities and instruction. The suggested format can be…

  2. Knowledge engineering for the instructional developer

    SciTech Connect

    Trainor, M.S.

    1989-01-01

    This paper explores the cognitive approach to instruction and provides several strategies for using knowledge engineering information in the instructional development process to strengthen the systems approach to training. When students learn using the behavioral approach to instruction, drawbacks have been noted because gaps are apparent between the students' high performance levels on objective tests and their inadequate problem solving performance levels. Augmentation of the behaviorist process with applications of knowledge engineering can result in obtaining detailed information about student misconceptions relative to expert knowledge. This information is then applied to individualized learning prescriptions. Normally, instructional developers are working under significant resource and time constraints, and this modified systems approach is an efficient solution to this problem. 13 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  3. Graphic Arts: Process Camera, Stripping, and Platemaking. Teacher Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feasley, Sue C., Ed.

    This curriculum guide is the second in a three-volume series of instructional materials for competency-based graphic arts instruction. Each publication is designed to include the technical content and tasks necessary for a student to be employed in an entry-level graphic arts occupation. Introductory materials include an instructional/task…

  4. Graphic Arts: The Press and Finishing Processes. Teacher Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feasley, Sue C., Ed.

    This curriculum guide is the third in a three-volume series of instructional materials for competency-based graphic arts instruction. Each publication is designed to include the technical content and tasks necessary for a student to be employed in an entry-level graphic arts occupation. Introductory materials include an instructional/task analysis…

  5. 2010 Instructional Technology Showcase

    E-print Network

    Services #12;Instructional Technology Showcase · Learn how technology can be used · 9 Sessions · Six 202010 Instructional Technology Showcase Welcome Jim Snell Director, Instructional Technology minute / Three 55 minute sessions · Explanation of learning principles · Demonstration of application

  6. FOREST HEALTH MONITORING FIELD METHODS GUIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    This EMAP-FHM methods Guide is intended to instruct forest Health Monitors when collecting data on forest health indicators; site condition, growth and regeneration, crown condition, tree damage and mortality assessment, photosynthetically active radiation, vegetation structure, ...

  7. Cognitive Science 1 Cognitive Science

    E-print Network

    ), David Rand (Psychology), Gregory Samanez-Larkin (Psychology) Lecturer Kathryn Davidson Cognitive scienceCognitive Science 1 Cognitive Science Director of undergraduate studies: Joshua Knobe, 102 C, 432-1699, joshua.knobe@yale.edu; www.yale.edu/cogsci FACULTY ASSOCIATED WITH THE PROGRAM IN COGNITIVE SCIENCE

  8. Supplemental Instruction Improves Grades but Not Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oja, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    Supplemental Instruction (SI) is a growing student support service used to offer students peer-guided activities to improve course learning. The current research was conducted to answer two research questions: 1) Do those who participate in SI perform better in their courses than those who do not attend SI? 2) Are those who participate in SI more…

  9. Reading Assessment and Instruction for All Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schumm, Jeanne Shay, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    Weaving together the latest knowledge and best practices for teaching children to read, this indispensable text and professional resource provides a complete guide to differentiated instruction for diverse learners. Uniquely integrative, the book places the needs of English language learners and students with disabilities front and center instead…

  10. Best Practices in Literacy Instruction. Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambrell, Linda B., Ed.; Morrow, Lesley Mandel, Ed.; Pressley, Michael, Ed.; Guthrie, John T., Ed.

    2006-01-01

    Now in a thoroughly revised and expanded third edition, this evidence-based book distills the latest knowledge about literacy teaching and learning into clear strategies for helping all children succeed. Within a comprehensive conceptual framework, the field's leading authorities provide eminently practical recommendations to guide instructional

  11. Universally Accessible Instruction: Oxymoron or Opportunity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGuire, Joan M.

    2014-01-01

    The movement to extend universal design from physical to instructional environments has escalated in the past two decades. Frameworks to guide the field of postsecondary education in its efforts to intentionally build accessibility features into college teaching and course materials include Universal Design in Education, Universal Design for…

  12. The information literacy instruction assessment cycle

    E-print Network

    Oakleaf, Megan

    The information literacy instruction assessment cycle A guide for increasing student learning, Syracuse, New York, USA Abstract Purpose ­ The aim of this paper is to present the Information Literacy information literacy skills. Design/methodology/approach ­ Employing survey design methodology, the researcher

  13. Early Beginnings EARLY LITERACY KNOWLEDGE AND INSTRUCTION

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    AND INSTRUCTION A guide for early childhood administrators and professional development providers #12;The National Institute for Literacy in consultation with the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development to help early childhood administrators, supervisors, and professional development staff provide teachers

  14. Vocational Ethics: A Supplementary Instructional Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Pamela F.; Brown, Deborah K.

    Designed to be used with the Illinois teacher's manual, "Vocational Ethics: Toward the Developing of an Enabling Work Ethic," this supplementary instructional information contains the following: (1) student worksheets; (2) activities; (3) assessment information; and (4) a Teacher's Trouble Shooter's Guide to enable teachers to check their own…

  15. COPES, Conceptually Oriented Program in Elementary Science: Teacher's Guide for Grade Six, Preliminary Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York Univ., NY. Center for Field Research and School Services.

    This document provides the teacher's guide for grade six for the Conceptually Oriented Program in Elementary Science (COPES) science curriculum project. The guide includes an introduction to COPES, instructions for using the guide, instructions for assessment of the student's grade 5 mastery of science concepts, and six science units. Each unit…

  16. The Equivalence of Learning Paths in Early Science Instruction: Effects of Direct Instruction and Discovery Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Klahr; Milena Nigam

    2004-01-01

    In a study with 112 third and fourth grade children, we measured the relative effectiveness of discovery learning and direct instruction at two points in the learning process (a) during the initial acquisition of the basic cognitive objective: a procedure for designing and interpreting simple, unconfounded experiments, and (b) during the subsequent transfer and application of this basic skill to

  17. Psychological foundations of instructional design for emerging computer-based instructional technologies: Part II

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Hannafin; Lloyd P. Rieber

    1989-01-01

    Although considerable research has been published concerning learning and cognition in general, little impact has been reported on the design of computer-based instruction (CBI). In addition, CBI designs have been influenced negatively by technocentric perspectives, where technological capabilities dictate lesson activities, rather than a more reflective view on the relationship among learner, learning task and performance requirements, and the selective

  18. Designing Preclinical Instruction for Psychomotor Skills (II)--Instructional Engineering: Task Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, G. William; And Others

    1994-01-01

    The first step in engineering the instruction of dental psychomotor skills, task analysis, is explained. A chart details the procedural, cognitive, desired-criteria, and desired-performance analysis of a single task, occlusal preparation for amalgam restoration with carious lesion. (MSE)

  19. Toward an Information and Instructional Technology Research Framework for Learning and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hung, David W. L.; Wong, Philip S. K.

    2000-01-01

    Outlines fruitful areas of information and instructional technology (IIT) in education research: pedagogy of online environments; simulation, visualization, and modeling; mind-tools or cognitive tools; assessment tools; wireless computing; tools for learning communities; tools for project work and authentic tasks; integration of media, tools, and…

  20. Biology II Curriculum Guide. Bulletin 1820.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Academic Programs.

    In 1986, the Louisiana State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education requested that an advanced course in Biology II be developed. The resulting curriculum guide contains grade appropriate goals, skills, and competencies; suggested activities; suggested materials of instruction; and minimum time allotments for instruction. Biology II is a…

  1. Career Pathways Skill-Building Activities Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Community Coll. of Rhode Island, Warwick.

    In an effort to relate academic skills with workplace skills and facilitate the transition from school to work, the Community College of Rhode Island developed a skill-based instructional model targeted at 9th through 12th graders and consisting of 6 instructional areas, or strands, and 31 related skills. This guide provides suggested activities…

  2. Curriculum Guide for Adult Education Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammett, Earl Lee

    This curriculum guide for teachers of adult education is divided into three parts. The first offers an overview of adult basic education, the teacher as counselor, testing and evaluation, instructional procedures--physical environment and classroom management, techniques providing variety in instruction--discussions, demonstrations, projects,…

  3. Educable Mentally Retarded; Guide for Curriculum Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    Designed to aid in developing instructional programs in North Carolina, the guide defines the educable mentally retarded (EMR) and presents the goal of the EMR education program. Also outlined are principles and methods of instruction, traditional areas of the curriculum as they relate to the EMR, and development of a sequential curriculum. Basic…

  4. Learning About Social Behavior. Implementation Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Favero, Jane; And Others

    Designed for teaching students in regular and special education classes, the guide provides an instructional approach (as opposed to a counseling approach) to teaching social and behavioral skills. This approach, based on the premise that behavioral skills can be developed through instruction, drills, and applied practice, employs concepts from…

  5. Pennsylvania Industrial Arts Safety Guide. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Charles D., Ed.

    Intended to alert industrial arts teachers, teacher educators, school administrators, and industrial arts supervisors to the importance of a strong safety program, this guide provides the instructional resources for instituting safety instruction in the public schools, for the inservice training of industrial arts teachers, and for the education…

  6. Effect of Worked Examples and Cognitive Tutor Training on Constructing Equations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Stephen K.; Corbett, Albert; Hoffman, Bob; Wagner, Angela; MacLaren, Ben

    2013-01-01

    Algebra students studied either static-table, static-graphics, or interactive-graphics instructional worked examples that alternated with Algebra Cognitive Tutor practice problems. A control group did not study worked examples but solved both the instructional and practice problems on the Cognitive Tutor (CT). Students in the control group…

  7. Decisions, Decisions: The Countless Times Instructional Practice and Reality Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miranda, Martina L.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines critical issues related to teacher decision-making in early childhood music classrooms. Through the story of one teacher's experience, we take a closer look at specific criteria to guide decision-making, and strategies to deepen awareness of young children's needs in the music classroom and guide instructional

  8. Helping students develop an understanding of Archimedes' principle. II. Development of research-based instructional materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heron, Paula R. L.; Loverude, Michael E.; Shaffer, P. S.; McDermott, L. C.

    2003-11-01

    This paper is the second of two that describe how research on student understanding of Archimedes' principle is being used to guide the development of instructional materials to supplement instruction on this topic in typical introductory courses. The instructional materials that resulted have proven to be effective. Also discussed are instructional materials for special courses and workshops for K-8 teachers. Evidence is presented that, on some tasks, teachers who have worked through these materials perform much better than introductory physics students.

  9. The Integrated Laboratory Program for Cognitive Development Jerome Epstein,

    E-print Network

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    The Integrated Laboratory Program for Cognitive Development Jerome Epstein, Mathematics Department to develop a program for cognitive development in math and science. The application cited then new research lectures are inefficient at producing meaningful cognitive change, and that hands-on, so-called "guided

  10. INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION IN GERMANY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Central Inst. for Youth and Educational Television, Munich (West Germany).

    DISCUSSIONS HELD AT THE BERLIN CONGRESS ON INSTRUCTIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION (SEPTEMBER 27-29, 1966) ARE BRIEFLY SUMMARIZED. THIS DOCUMENT ALSO LISTS RESEARCH PROJECTS IN INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION IN GERMANY, DESCRIBES THE BAVARIAN RADIO INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION PROGRAM, SUMMARIZES THE OPINIONS OF THE GERMAN PRESS ON INSTRUCTIONAL

  11. Designing the Instructional Interface.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lohr, L. L.

    2000-01-01

    Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

  12. Instruction SupportWorkloads

    E-print Network

    Zilles, Craig

    width of instructions #12; Orlando, January 1998 CAECWâ??99 Non­Aggressive Fetch Unit Instruction Cache (i­cache) Instruction Cache (i­cache) Shift &Mask Shift &Mask Branch Target Buffer Branch Target Buffer Return Stack­cache) Instruction Cache (i­cache) Xchange, Shift &Mask Xchange, Shift &Mask Branch Target Buffer Branch Target

  13. Bibliographic Instruction in Indiana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, H. Scott, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    This issue contains nine articles written by Indiana librarians involved in bibliographic instruction: (1) "Information Management Education--Beyond BI (Bibliographic Instruction)" (Gillian S. Gremmels); (2) "Dealing with the New Technology: An Instructional Primer" (Patrick Max); (3) "Librarian/Teacher Partnerships for Better Library Instruction:…

  14. The Role of Absorption in Women's Sexual Response to Erotica: A Cognitive-Affective Investigation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jade Sheen; Eric Koukounas

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the effect of absorption on women's emotional and cognitive processing of erotic film. Absorption was experimentally manipulated using 2 different sets of test session instructions. The first, participant-oriented, instruction set directed participants to absorb themselves in the erotic film presentation, imagining that they were active participants in the sexual activities depicted. The second, spectator-oriented, instruction set directed

  15. An Evolutionary Upgrade of Cognitive Load Theory: Using the Human Motor System and Collaboration to Support the Learning of Complex Cognitive Tasks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paas, Fred; Sweller, John

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive load theory is intended to provide instructional strategies derived from experimental, cognitive load effects. Each effect is based on our knowledge of human cognitive architecture, primarily the limited capacity and duration of a human working memory. These limitations are ameliorated by changes in long-term memory associated with…

  16. A Guide to Motivational Procedures for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubadeau, Duane O.; And Others

    Designed to provide community college instructors with an understanding of how to improve the motivational level of their students, this four-part guidebook reviews theoretical concepts and offers practical advice concerning student motivation and frustration. Section I provides an overview of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and of…

  17. Faculty Applicant Summary Form Instruction Guide

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    · Security · Reporting · Resources Table of Contents #12;Over the 2011-2012 academic year, the Faculty Data the university. The system collects faculty search information and faculty applicant EEO information with the goal of providing JHU senior leadership with metrics to assess and ensure a diverse faculty. The data

  18. Parents Guide to "Fourth Grade" Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Defense Education Activity, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is committed to providing the highest quality of education to its students. One way to provide a quality education is with an effective curriculum that reflects high standards and expectations. Thus, DoDEA has developed rigorous content standards aligned with national guidelines and standards.…

  19. Parents Guide to "First Grade" Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Defense Education Activity, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is committed to providing the highest quality of education to its students. One way to provide a quality education is with an effective curriculum that reflects high standards and expectations. Thus, DoDEA has developed rigorous content standards aligned with national guidelines and standards.…

  20. Parents Guide to "Fifth Grade" Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Defense Education Activity, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is committed to providing the highest quality of education to its students. One way to provide a quality education is with an effective curriculum that reflects high standards and expectations. Thus, DoDEA has developed rigorous content standards aligned with national guidelines and standards.…