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1

College Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

2013-01-01

2

College Student Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the topic of college student suicide. Empirical and theoretical studies are reviewed. The research is presented in distinct sections. First, we present background information on college student suicide emphasized in a select number of cited literature reviews, followed by a review of a select number of key quantitative studies aimed at investigating risk factors and predictors of

Lisa J. Schwartz; Howard A. Friedman

2009-01-01

3

College Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the topic of college student suicide. Empirical and theoretical studies are reviewed. The research is presented in distinct sections. First, we present background information on college student suicide emphasized in a select number of cited literature reviews, followed by a review of a select number of key quantitative studies…

Schwartz, Lisa J.; Friedman, Howard A.

2009-01-01

4

Variability in College Student Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research on college student suicide is discussed, with emphasis on variability in base rates, the operating assumptions regarding reported base rates, and methodological difficulties in studying suicide. Variability in suicide among schools and among different types of students is examined, and the effects of changing demographics and cultural influences on rates and patterns of college student suicide and suicidality

J. Hugh Stephenson; Maria P. Belesis; Wendy E. Balliet

2005-01-01

5

College Students' Views on Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students were asked to rate the acceptability of suicide for themselves and for others in various circumstances. It was hypothesized that acceptability would vary as a function of circumstance of the suicide, the students' religious affiliation, history of past attempts, and whether the suicide was contemplated for oneself or another. The authors found that the highest acceptability for suicide

Stephen R. King; Walter R. Hampton Jr; Bruce Bernstein

1996-01-01

6

Student Suicide and Colleges' Liability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia recently became the first state to pass legislation that bars public colleges and universities from punishing or expelling students "solely for attempting to commit suicide, or seeking mental-health treatment for suicidal thoughts or behaviors." While well intentioned, the law adds nothing to current law and will, in fact, make a bad…

Smith, Robert B.; Fleming, Dana L.

2007-01-01

7

College Student Suicide: A Call To Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines current issues related to the topic of college student suicide and why it continues to be an issue of major concern. The nature\\/extent of the problem, risk and protective factors, responses to college student suicide, legal issues, and training issues are discussed. The importance of addressing the issue of college student suicide and its prevention on college

John S. Westefeld; Christopher Button; James T. Haley Jr; Julie Jenks Kettmann; Jennifer Macconnell; Riddhi Sandil; Benjamin Tallman

2006-01-01

8

Suicidal Ideation in Pakistani College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicidal behavior includes ideation, attempts and completed suicides. Information on suicidal behavior from Pakistan, a conservative South Asian Islamic country, is lacking. To address the issue, a pilot study was carried out to assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation in Pakistani college students. Suicidal ideation was assessed on the basis of responses to four questions contained in the depression subscale

Sehar Khokher; Murad M. Khan

2005-01-01

9

Social Hopelessness and College Student Suicide Ideation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the relationship between suicide ideation and various predictive psychological factors in order to improve upon existing models of student suicidality. Specific attention was paid to social hopelessness, an interpersonal form of hopelessness, in the prediction of suicidality. A sample of 143 college students completed measures of suicide ideation, daily stress, depression, general hopelessness, and social hopelessness.

Marnin J. Heisel; Gordon L. Flett; Paul L. Hewitt

2003-01-01

10

College Student Suicide: A Call to Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines current issues related to the topic of college student suicide and why it continues to be an issue of major concern. The nature/extent of the problem, risk and protective factors, responses to college student suicide, legal issues, and training issues are discussed. The importance of addressing the issue of college student

Westefeld, John S.; Button, Christopher; Haley, James T., Jr.; Kettmann, Julie Jenks; Macconnell, Jennifer; Sandil, Riddhi; Tallman, Benjamin

2006-01-01

11

Commentary on “Variability in College Student Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stephenson, Belesis, and Balliet (2005) urge that future research on college student suicide should not continue its historical emphasis on completed suicide nor on the contrast between students and non-students. But their paper does not provide an adequately complete and accurate summary of our present knowledge of completed student suicide. This commentary, by redressing these shortcomings, provides an up to

Allan J. Schwartz

2005-01-01

12

Suicidal Behavior among Latina College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latina college students are one of the fastest-growing segments of the college student population. Although there is evidence suggesting Latina high school students are at increased risk of engaging in suicidal behavior, it is unclear Bwhether this risk continues in college. Over the course of 3 years, 554 Latina college students, the majority of…

Chesin, Megan S.; Jeglic, Elizabeth L.

2012-01-01

13

College student stressors, depression, and suicidal ideation.  

PubMed

This study was designed to explore whether stressors from college-related activities and stressors from general life experiences differed in their power to predict depression and suicidal ideation in college students. In a sample of 165 college undergraduates, depression was predicted by both sources of stress whereas past and current suicidal ideation were predicted only by general life stress. PMID:24765726

Lester, David

2014-02-01

14

Suicidal Behavior among African American College Students: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This preliminary study examined suicidality in 233 African American college students who attended a historically Black college. Suicidality involves both suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviors. Suicidal ideation includes the thoughts andfeelings that are often associated with suicidal behavior (e.g., developing a suicide plan, preoccupation with thoughts of death, etc.). Suicidal behavior involves the deliberate attempt to take one's life. The

Sherry D. Molock; Regina Kimbrough; Monica Blanton Lacy; Karla P. McClure; Steven Williams

1994-01-01

15

Suicide Ideation among College Students Evidencing Subclinical Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying elevated suicide ideation in college students is a critical step in preventing suicide attempts and deaths by suicide on college campuses. Although suicide ideation may be most prominent in students with severe depression, this should not suggest that only students with severe depression experience significant risk factors for suicide.…

Cukrowicz, Kelly C.; Schlegel, Erin F.; Smith, Phillip N.; Jacobs, Matthew P.; Van Orden, Kimberly A.; Paukert, Ambert L.; Pettit, Jeremy W.; Joiner, Thomas E.

2011-01-01

16

Suicide Ideation Among College Students Evidencing Subclinical Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifying elevated suicide ideation in college students is a critical step in preventing suicide attempts and deaths by suicide on college campuses. Although suicide ideation may be most prominent in students with severe depression, this should not suggest that only students with severe depression experience significant risk factors for suicide. Objective: The purpose of these 3 studies was to explore

Kelly C. Cukrowicz; Erin F. Schlegel; Phillip N. Smith; Matthew P. Jacobs; Kimberly A. Van Orden; Ambert L. Paukert; Jeremy W. Pettit; Thomas E. Joiner

2011-01-01

17

Optimism and Suicide Ideation Among Young Adult College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given that college students may be at increased risk for suicide, it is important to conduct research that could guide suicide prevention efforts on college campuses. Although much research has been conducted on the role of hopelessness and depression in suicide ideation, the role of dispositional optimism is unclear. Subjects were 284 college students (185 female, 65%), ages 18 and

Jameson K. Hirsch; Kenneth R. Conner; Paul R. Duberstein

2007-01-01

18

A College Suicide Prevention Model for American Indian Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

College student suicide prevention efforts are important to campus administrators and mental health professionals due to increasing concerns about managing suicidal students. This article describes the development and preliminary effectiveness of a campus suicide prevention program designed for American Indian (AI) students who are at higher risk for suicide compared with the general population. Using the medicine wheel as a

Jennifer J. Muehlenkamp; Sonia Marrone; Jacqueline S. Gray; Donna L. Brown

2009-01-01

19

Psychotherapy as Opportunity to Prevent College Student Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide rates among college age youth have increased two to three fold over the past 25 years, most notably among males. Colleges and universities, however, have developed better mental health resources and the stigma against using them has decreased, allowing more opportunity to prevent student suicide. This article depicts how psychotherapy can be made most effective in transformation suicide threat

Leighton C. Whitaker

1987-01-01

20

College Students' Reasons for Concealing Suicidal Ideation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-reported reasons for concealing suicidal ideation were explored using data from a national survey of undergraduate and graduate students: 558 students indicated that they seriously considered attempting suicide during the previous year and did not tell anyone about their suicidal thoughts. Content analysis of students' qualitative responses…

Burton Denmark, Adryon; Hess, Elaine; Becker, Martin Swanbrow

2012-01-01

21

College Students' Reasons for Concealing Suicidal Ideation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-reported reasons for concealing suicidal ideation were explored using data from a national survey of undergraduate and graduate students: 558 students indicated that they seriously considered attempting suicide during the previous year and did not tell anyone about their suicidal thoughts. Content analysis of students' qualitative responses to the question “Why did you choose not to tell anyone about these

Adryon Burton Denmark; Elaine Hess; Martin Swanbrow Becker

2012-01-01

22

Predictors of College Student Suicidal Ideation: Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need to identify students at risk for suicide. Predictors of suicidality were examined separately for men and women in a college health survey of 630 students. Women reported higher levels of suicidal ideation than men in the previous year. Separate regression analyses for men and women accounted for significant amounts of the variance…

Stephenson, Hugh; Pena-Shaff, Judith; Quirk, Priscilla

2006-01-01

23

Variability in College Student Suicide: Age, Gender, and Race  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research on college student suicide is discussed, with emphasis on variability in base rates, the operating assumptions regarding reported base rates, and methodological difficulties in studying suicide. Variability in suicide among schools and among different types of students is examined, and the effects of changing demographics and cultural…

Stephenson, J. Hugh; Belesis, Maria P.; Balliet, Wendy E.

2005-01-01

24

Suicide Ideation Among College Students: A Multivariate Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to develop a multi-dimensional model that might explain suicide ideation among college students. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 1,249 first-year college students. An estimated 6%wt of first-year students at this university had current suicide ideation. Depressive symptoms, low social support, affective dysregulation, and father-child conflict were each independently associated with suicide ideation. Only 40%wt

Amelia M. Arria; Kevin E. OGrady; Kimberly M. Caldeira; Kathryn B. Vincent; Holly C. Wilcox; Eric D. Wish

2009-01-01

25

Suicidal Ideation Among College Students in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzed data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS) to assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation among college students in the United States and to examine the association between suicidal ideation and substance use in this population. The NCHRBS used a mail questionnaire to assess health-risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample of undergraduate students.

Nancy D. Brener; Sohela Sabur Hassan; Lisa Cohen Barrios

1999-01-01

26

Perceptions Concerning College Student Suicide: Data from Four Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of suicide, including prevention, intervention, and postvention, continues to be a problem on college campuses. For this study, data concerning a variety of issues related to college student suicide were collected from 1,865 students at four different universities. Incidence, risk factors, and potential solutions are described, as well…

Westefeld, John S.; Homaifar, Beeta; Spotts, Jennifer; Furr, Susan; Range, Lilian; Werth, James L., Jr.

2005-01-01

27

Comparing the Risk of Suicide of College Students with Nonstudents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide rates for college students were compared with rates for nonstudents using two definitions of students: full-time enrollment at 4-year institutions, and all-inclusive postsecondary enrollment. For traditionally aged females, comparing the suicide rate of students (3.0 per 100,000) to the rate for same-age nonstudents rather than the…

Schwartz, Allan J.

2013-01-01

28

Help Seeking and Treatment Use among Suicidal College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Many suicidal college students do not receive mental health treatment, and the reasons for this are not fully understood. This study examines how attitudes, beliefs, and social network factors relate to help seeking among suicidal students. Participants: A random sample of 8,487 undergraduate and graduate students from 15 US…

Downs, Marilyn F.; Eisenberg, Daniel

2012-01-01

29

Physical Activity, Sports Participation, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to evaluate the relationship between physical activity, sports participation, and suicide among college students. Overall, selected physical activity patterns were associated in a non-systematic manner with decreased or increased odds of suicidal behavior among male and female…

Brown, David R.; Blanton, Curtis J.

2002-01-01

30

Self-harm, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-harm, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts are well represented behaviours in the general population of both developed and developing countries. These behaviours are indicative of underlying risk factors that show a strong interdependent correlation. In this study we attempted to define correlates for and prevalence of self-harm, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts among Turkish college students. This 2006 study included

Sadik Toprak; Ilhan Cetin; Taner Guven; Gunay Can; Cetin Demircan

2011-01-01

31

Depression Moderated the Effect of Exposure to Suicide News on Suicidality among College Students in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was designed to examine whether age, gender, and depression level may moderate the effect of exposure to suicide news on the suicidality of college students in Taiwan. A representative sample of 3,222 college students were recruited from Southern Taiwan with a total of 2,602 useable surveys returned. Results showed that only…

Chiu, Szu-Hua; Ko, Huei-Chen; Wu, Jo Yung-Wei

2007-01-01

32

Stress, Coping and Suicide Ideation in Chinese College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was to examine 1) whether stress and coping styles could significantly predict the probability of suicide ideation; 2) and whether coping styles were mediators or moderators on the association between life stress and suicide ideation. The survey was conducted in a sample of 671 Chinese college students. Approximately twenty percent…

Zhang, Xiaoyun; Wang, Haiping; Xia, Yan; Liu, Xiaohong; Jung, Eunju

2012-01-01

33

Suicidal ideation in college students: A theoretical model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research highlighted the problem of suicidal ideation in college students and the dearth of research examining integrative and longitudinal theoretical models. Risk factors for suicidal ideation that are common in the literature, such as hopelessness, were explored. Additionally, factors that confer resiliency, such as hope, optimism, and meaning in life, were also considered. Attachment style was posited to be

Amanda M Shea

2010-01-01

34

Coping, Reasons for Living, and Suicide in Black College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the roles of reasons for living and coping in protecting against suicidal behaviors among 361 Black college students. Results of a path analysis revealed that reasons for living mediated against suicidal ideation through an inverse effect on depression. Results also indicated that greater use of emotion-oriented coping may…

Wang, Mei-Chuan; Nyutu, Pius N.; Tran, Kimberly K.

2012-01-01

35

Spiritual Well-Being and Suicidal Ideation Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study explored whether specific dimensions of spiritual well-being (religious well-being and existential well-being) relate to reduced suicidal ideation, and whether associations persisted after controlling for religiosity and psychosocial variables associated with suicide. Participants: Participants were 457 college students who completed measures that assessed spiritual well-being, religiosity, hopelessness, depression, social support, and suicidal ideation. Methods: The authors used linear

Lindsay A. Taliaferro; Barbara A. Rienzo; R. Morgan Pigg; M. David Miller; Virginia J. Dodd

2009-01-01

36

An Investigation of Suicide Risk and Counseling Participation among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College suicide research consistently shows that fewer than 20 percent of college students who commit suicide were clients at their university counseling centers. Counseling participation is a known protective factor from suicide. However, to date, few studies have examined the differences between college students at risk of suicide who…

Reis, Carli H.

2010-01-01

37

Comprehensive College Student Suicide Assessment: Application of the BASIC ID  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether one knows someone who is thinking of suicide, has attempted suicide, or has completed suicide, nearly all individuals who encounter suicide are affected. The influence and residual affects of suicide are further amplified as the issue reaches across communities such as college or university campuses. College and university staff must improve their response to suicidal ideation with comprehensive assessment

Derrick Paladino; Casey A. Barrio Minton

2008-01-01

38

American Indian college student suicide: risk, beliefs, and help-seeking preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined American Indian studentssuicidality, their awareness of tribal beliefs concerning suicide, and the likelihood of them seeking help, if suicidal, from a variety of sources. The rate of suicidal ideation among students in our sample was comparable to the general college student population. Only 10% of sample was aware of traditional tribal suicide beliefs. Respondents who were committed

Karen R. Scheel; Loreto R. Prieto; Jeanette Biermann

2011-01-01

39

Testing a Model of Suicide Ideation in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined several risk factors--negative life events (NLE), hopelessness, and depressive symptoms--believed to commonly precipitate suicide ideation in college students. A total of 345 undergraduates participated in the study. Students completed four self-report questionnaires. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to construct a…

Konick, Lisa C.; Gutierrez, Peter M.

2005-01-01

40

The escape theory of suicide and perfectionism in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A preliminary model of the escape theory of suicide was tested in 168 college students (52 males, 116 females), who completed self-report measures of self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism, negatie life stress, depression, hopelessness, anxiety, reasons for living, and suicidal behaviors. A path analysis provided only partial validation for the model and accounted for 26% of the variance in

Paul J. Dean; Lillian M. Range

1996-01-01

41

Risk Factors for Suicide in Taiwanese College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors investigated the personality characteristics, psychopathology, parenting style, and family function among Taiwanese college students with high, moderate, and low suicidal risks. Participants: The sample included 2,919 first-year college students (1,414 men, 1,505 women) from a university in Taipei, Taiwan. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire assessed domains covering demographics, personality, psychopathology, frequency of substance use, parenting style, family functioning,

Susan Shur-Fen Gau; Ying-Yeh Chen; Fang-Ju Tsai; Ming-Been Lee; Yen-Nan Chiu; Wei-Tsuen Soong; Hai-Gwo Hwu

2008-01-01

42

Comprehensive College Student Suicide Assessment: Application of the BASIC ID  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether one knows someone who is thinking of suicide, has attempted suicide, or has completed suicide, nearly all individuals who encounter suicide are affected. The influence and residual affects of suicide are further amplified as the issue reaches across communities such as college or university campuses. College and university staff must…

Paladino, Derrick; Minton, Casey A. Barrio

2008-01-01

43

Countering Cultural Myths to Help Prevent College Student Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter explicates three prevalent and insidious morbidity-inducing cultural myths and suggests how they may be countered in terms of individual and group approaches to help prevent college student suicide. These myths are the stigmatizing of psychologically troubled persons and mental health services, the confusion of machismo with genuine masculinity, and the confusion of depression with natural sadness. Udnerstanding these

Leighton C. Whitaker

1990-01-01

44

Associations between impulsivity, aggression, and suicide in Chinese college students  

PubMed Central

Background Although there are accumulating data regarding the epidemiology of suicide in China, there are meager data on suicidal ideation and attempts among college students. Interestingly, elevated impulsivity is thought to facilitate the transition from suicidal thoughts to suicidal behavior. Therefore, the objective of this research was to identify the associations between suicide and the personality factors of impulsivity and aggression. Methods This study’s sampling method employed stratified random cluster sampling. A multi-stage stratified sampling procedure was used to select participants (n?=?5,245). We conducted structured interviews regarding a range of socio-demographic characteristics and suicidal morbidity. The Patient Health Questionnaire depression module (PHQ-9) was used to acquire the information about thoughts of being better off dead or hurting themselves in some ways during the past two weeks. The impulsivity symptoms in this study were assessed with the BIS-11-CH (i.e., the Chinese version of the BIS-11), and the Aggressive symptoms were assessed with the BAQ. The statistical package for social science (SPSS) v.13.0 program (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) was used for statistical analysis. Socio-demographic variables such as ethnic and gender were compared between groups, through the use of ?2 tests. The nonparametric test (k Independent Sample test, Kruskal-Wallis H) was performed to determine differences between the personality factors of impulsivity and aggression and suicide. Results In total, 9.1% (n?=?479) of the 5,245 students reported they have ever thought about committing suicide; and 1% (n?=?51) reported a history of attempted suicide (attempters). The analyses detected significant differences in scores on cognitive impulsivity (p?suicidal ideation and individuals who had attempted suicide. Moreover, significant differences were found between ideators only and attempters on scores of self-oriented attack (p?Suicidal ideation is prevalent among Chinese university students. Students with high aggression scores were more susceptible to committing suicide. Scores on self-oriented attack and cognitive impulsivity may be important factors for differentially predicting suicide ideation and suicide attempts.

2014-01-01

45

Validation of Reasons for Living and Their Relationship with Suicidal Ideation in Korean College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to examine the validity of reasons for living (RFL) and the protective role they may play against suicidal ideation in college students in South Korea. A total of 277 undergraduate students participated by completing the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CS-RFL), along with measures of suicide risk including depression, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation. The five CS-RFL

Yuri Lee; Kyung Ja Oh

2012-01-01

46

Religious commitment, attitudes toward suicide, and suicidal behaviors among college students of different ethnic and religious groups in Malaysia.  

PubMed

The variation in suicide patterns across ethnic groups with different religious background is a puzzling social phenomenon. This study sought to examine the impact of religious commitment and attitudes toward suicide on suicidal behaviors of college students across major ethnic and religious groups in a multicultural society of Malaysia. A total of 139 college students completed Religious Commitment Inventory-10, Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale, and Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire-Revised. Findings showed significant discrepancies in attitudes toward suicide, but not suicidal behaviors across ethnic and religious groups. Suicide acceptance significantly affected suicidal behaviors as well. Although religious commitment is not associated with suicidal behaviors, its deviation is reflected in students' acceptance of suicide. Additionally, college students' suicide risk, lifetime, and recent suicide ideation, as well as their likelihood of future suicide attempt can be associated with their acceptance of suicide. The influence of attitudes toward suicide and religion, therefore, should be taken into consideration while implementing suicide prevention programs as it helps shape the norms about suicide among youths. PMID:23196328

Foo, Xiang Yi; Alwi, Muhd Najib Mohd; Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhillah; Ibrahim, Normala; Osman, Zubaidah Jamil

2014-06-01

47

Association of Solitary Binge Drinking and Suicidal Behavior Among Emerging Adult College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging adult college students who binge drink in solitary contexts (i.e., while alone) experience greater depression and suicidal ideation than do students who only binge drink in social contexts, suggesting that they may be at greater risk for suicidal behavior. This study examined the association of a previous suicide attempt, one of the best predictors of future suicide attempts and

Vivian M. Gonzalez

2012-01-01

48

Suicide Risk Assessment with Asian American College Students: A Culturally Informed Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars have based their understanding of college-student suicide in the United States largely on the study of European Americans, and therefore, its relevance to making culturally informed decisions with suicidal Asian American college students is unclear. This article explores aspects of suicide assessment potentially unique to Asian American…

Choi, Jayoung L.; Rogers, James R.; Werth, James L., Jr.

2009-01-01

49

The Relationship between Suicidal Behavior, Ideation, and Binge Drinking among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicidal ideation and behavior among college students are serious and prevalent problems that warrant considerable attention. While a variety of situational and personality factors have been linked to suicidal behavior, alcohol use is one of the most commonly cited factors. As alcohol consumption is a frequent activity for many college students, the association between alcohol use and suicidal behavior may

Megan Schaffer; Elizabeth L. Jeglic; Barbara Stanley

2008-01-01

50

New Data on the Nature of Suicidal Crises in College Students: Shifting the Paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents new data on the nature of suicidal crises in college students. Data were collected from over 26,000 undergraduate and graduate students at 70 colleges and universities. An anonymous Web-based survey was designed to provide insight into the full spectrum of suicidal thought, intent, and action among college students. The authors discuss implications of these data and outline

David J. Drum; Chris Brownson; Adryon Burton Denmark; Shanna E. Smith

2009-01-01

51

Commentary on "Variability in College Student Suicide: Age, Gender, and Race"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stephenson, Belesis, and Balliet (2005) urge that future research on college student suicide should not continue its historical emphasis on completed suicide nor on the contrast between students and non-students. But their paper does not provide an adequately complete and accurate summary of our present knowledge of completed student suicide. This…

Schwartz, Allan J.

2005-01-01

52

The Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 737 university students using measure of suicidal ideation. Found that over 43 percent of subjects had experienced some level of suicidal ideation during previous year, 14.9 percent of whom acted on thoughts without making suicide attempt and 5.5 percent of whom had actually made suicide attempts. Serious suicidal ideation and actual…

Rudd, M. David

1989-01-01

53

Self-Injurious Behavior and Suicide Attempts among Indonesian College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the prevalence of self-injurious behavior and suicide attempts among college students in Indonesia and examines risk factors distinguishing between 3 groups: self-injury with suicide attempt, non-suicidal self-injury, and non-self-injury. Self-report questionnaires measuring self-injury and suicide attempts, negative mood…

Tresno, Fiona; Ito, Yoshimi; Mearns, Jack

2012-01-01

54

Validation of Reasons for Living and Their Relationship with Suicidal Ideation in Korean College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to examine the validity of reasons for living (RFL) and the protective role they may play against suicidal ideation in college students in South Korea. A total of 277 undergraduate students participated by completing the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CS-RFL), along with measures of suicide risk including…

Lee, Yuri; Oh, Kyung Ja

2012-01-01

55

The Epidemiology of Suicide Among Students at Colleges and Universities in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

All published studies and selected unpublished reports on the incidence of suicide among students at colleges and universities in the United States are reviewed. Compared with studies relying upon official (i.e., governmental) records of suicide, studies relying on informal sources are found to underestimate the incidence of student suicide by about 30 percent. Both sources of data, however, indicate that

Allan J. Schwartz

1990-01-01

56

College Student Suicide in the United States: 1990-1991 through 2003-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggestions that there is a growing epidemic of suicide among college students in the United States are false. The National Survey of Counseling Center Directors reports 1,404 student suicides over a 14-year period and an adjusted suicide rate of 6.5, half the rate of the general US population (12.6 for all races) during this period when matched…

Schwartz, Allan J.

2006-01-01

57

Positive Social Support, Negative Social Exchanges, and Suicidal Behavior in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Risk for suicide is often higher among college students, compared to same-age noncollegiate peers, and may be exacerbated by quality of social support and interactions. The authors examined the independent contributions of positive social support and negative social exchanges to suicide ideation and attempts in college students.…

Hirsch, Jameson K.; Barton, Alison L.

2011-01-01

58

Asian American College Students' Suicide Ideation: A Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to explore the phenomenon of suicide ideation among 293 Asian American college students. Guided by T. Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior, the authors examined the relationships among perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, self-construals, and suicide

Wong, Y. Joel; Koo, Kelly; Tran, Kimberly K.; Chiu, Yu-Chen; Mok, Yvonne

2011-01-01

59

Four Eras of Study of College Student Suicide in the United States: 1920-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of college student suicide can be grouped into the following 4 eras: 1920-1960, 1960-1980, 1980-1990, and 1990-2004. The suicide rate for students has declined monotonically across these 4 eras, from 13.4 to 8.0 to 7.5 and, most recently, to 6.5. The decreasing proportion of men in the student populations studied largely accounts for this decline. Since 1960, the suicide

Allan J. Schwartz

2006-01-01

60

Asian American College Students' Suicide Ideation: A Mixed-Methods Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to explore the phenomenon of suicide ideation among 293 Asian American college students. Guided by T. Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior, the authors examined the relationships among perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, self-construals, and suicide ideation. Compared with thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness was a more robust predictor of suicide ideation. However, thwarted

Y. Joel Wong; Kelly Koo; Kimberly K. Tran; Yu-Chen Chiu; Yvonne Mok

2011-01-01

61

An Interactive Web-Based Method of Outreach to College Students at Risk for Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective and Participants: From 2002 to 2005, the authors tested an interactive, Web-based method to encourage college students at risk for suicide to seek treatment. Methods: The authors invited students at 2 universities to complete an online questionnaire that screened for depression and other suicide risk factors. Respondents received a personalized assessment and were able to communicate anonymously with a

Ann Haas; Bethany Koestner; Jill Rosenberg; David Moore; Steven J. Garlow; Jan Sedway; Linda Nicholas; Herbert Hendin; J. John Mann; Charles B. Nemeroff

2008-01-01

62

An Interactive Web-Based Method of Outreach to College Students at Risk for Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective and Participants: From 2002 to 2005, the authors tested an interactive, Web-based method to encourage college students at risk for suicide to seek treatment. Methods: The authors invited students at 2 universities to complete an online questionnaire that screened for depression and other suicide risk factors. Respondents received a…

Haas, Ann; Koestner, Bethany; Rosenberg, Jill; Moore, David; Garlow, Steven J.; Sedway, Jan; Nicholas, Linda; Hendin, Herbert; Mann, J. John; Nemeroff, Charles B.

2008-01-01

63

College Student Suicide in the United States: 1990-1991 Through 2003-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suggestions that there is a growing epidemic of suicide among college students in the United States are false. The National Survey of Counseling Center Directors reports 1,404 student suicides over a 14-year period and an adjusted suicide rate of 6.5, half the rate of the general US population (12.6 for all races) during this period when matched for gender and

Allan J. Schwartz

2006-01-01

64

Should Colleges Withdraw Students Who Threaten or Attempt Suicide?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the pros and cons of "involuntary withdrawals" in cases of students who are at risk of suicide. A June, 2005, Massachusetts Superior Court summary judgment ruling in the case of "Shin v. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)" concluded that MIT administrators owed a duty of care to suicide victim, Elizabeth Shin, who…

Pavela, Gary

2005-01-01

65

An Empirical Investigation of Acculturative Stress and Ethnic Identity as Moderators for Depression and Suicidal Ideation in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships of acculturative stress and ethnic identity to depressive symptomatology and suicidal ideation in college students. The SAFE Acculturative Stress Scale, Multi-Group Ethnic Identity Measure, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Suicide Scale were administered to 452 college students. The authors found that acculturative stress and ethnic identity moderated the depression-suicide ideation

Rheeda L. Walker; LaRicka R. Wingate; Ezemenari M. Obasi; Thomas E. Joiner

2008-01-01

66

Body Investment, Depression, and Alcohol Use as Risk Factors for Suicide Proneness in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Individuals who are less invested in their bodies, experiencing symptoms of depression, and consuming alcohol are at increased risk for engaging in suicidal behaviors. Aims: This study examined the relationships among three risk factors – body investment, depression, and alcohol use – and suicide proneness as measured by the Life Attitudes Schedule – Short Form (LAS-SF) in college students

Dorian A. Lamis; Patrick S. Malone; Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling; Thomas E. Ellis

2010-01-01

67

Asian American college students' suicide ideation: a mixed-methods study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to explore the phenomenon of suicide ideation among 293 Asian American college students. Guided by T. Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior, the authors examined the relationships among perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, self-construals, and suicide ideation. Compared with thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness was a more robust predictor of suicide ideation. However, thwarted belongingness moderated the positive association between perceived burdensomeness and suicide ideation. Furthermore, interdependent self-construal and independent self-construal both weakened the link between perceived burdensomeness and suicide ideation and between thwarted belongingness and suicide ideation. The authors also conducted a qualitative analysis of participants' open-ended responses about their perceptions of why Asian American college students might consider suicide. The authors identified a core phenomenon of unfulfilled expectations as well as 2 broad themes related to this core phenomenon: unfulfilled intrapersonal expectations and unfulfilled interpersonal expectations, comprising the subthemes of (a) family, (b) relationship, (c) cultural differences, and (d) racism. These findings are discussed in terms of implications for suicide-related clinical interventions and primary prevention efforts among Asian American college students. PMID:21463030

Wong, Y Joel; Koo, Kelly; Tran, Kimberly K; Chiu, Yu-Chen; Mok, Yvonne

2011-04-01

68

Four Eras of Study of College Student Suicide in the United States: 1920-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of college student suicide can be grouped into the following 4 eras: 1920-1960, 1960-1980, 1980-1990, and 1990-2004. The suicide rate for students has declined monotonically across these 4 eras, from 13.4 to 8.0 to 7.5 and, most recently, to 6.5. The decreasing proportion of men in the student populations studied largely accounts for this…

Schwartz, Allan J.

2006-01-01

69

Depression and College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... campus suicide or crisis hotline Call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline's toll-free, 24-hour hotline at 1- ... college students: results from the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention College Screening Project at Emory University. Depress Anxiety . ...

70

Attitudes toward suicide among college students in South Korea and the United States  

PubMed Central

Background South Korea (hereafter, Korea) has witnessed a rapid increase in its suicide rate over the past few decades and currently reports the highest rate among Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Conversely, the United States has maintained its suicide rate near the OECD average. The present study examines and compares attitudes toward suicide among college students in either country to explain the higher prevalence of suicide in Korea. Findings Non-Korean students in the United States, Korean students in the United States, and Korean students in Korea completed a web-based questionnaire on Attitudes Toward Suicide (ATTS). A series of two-way 3?×?2 between subjects Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) tests of the participants’ group and gender, as well as post-hoc comparisons, were conducted to examine differences across various attitude domains. As expected, the results revealed group differences in the majority of attitude areas. Most notably, students in Korea reported more permissive attitudes toward suicide and were less likely to believe in the right to prevent others’ suicide. Gender did not have an effect on any attitudes except on the right to prevent suicide and there were no interactions between group and gender. Conclusions The results suggest the importance of addressing public attitudes toward suicide in future suicide prevention efforts in Korea.

2014-01-01

71

Factors that distinguish college students with depressive symptoms with and without suicidal thoughts  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Suicide among college students is a significant public health concern. Although suicidality is linked to depression, not all depressed college students experience suicidal ideation (SI). The primary aim of this study was to determine potential factors that may distinguish college students with depressive symptoms with and without SI. METHODS A total of 287 undergraduate college students with substantial depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI] total score >13) with and without SI were compared across psychiatric and functional outcome variables. Independent sample t tests were conducted for each outcome variable using the suicide item of the BDI as a dichotomous (ie, zero vs nonzero score) grouping variable. RESULTS Relative to students with substantial depressive symptoms without SI, those with SI were more symptomatic overall, having significantly higher levels of depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and anxiety. However, contrary to our expectations, nonsuicidal and suicidal students did not differ on measures of everyday functioning (ie, cognitive and physical functioning and grade point average). CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that SI among college students is associated with increased subjective distress but may not adversely impact physical or cognitive functioning or academic performance.

Nyer, Maren; Holt, Daphne J.; Pedrelli, Paola; Fava, Maurizio; Ameral, Victoria; Cassiello, Clair F.; Nock, Matthew K.; Ross, Margaret; Hutchinson, Dori; Farabaugh, Amy

2013-01-01

72

The Prevalence of and Psychosocial Risks for Suicide Attempts in Male and Female College Students in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence of and psychosocial risks for suicide attempts was investigated in college students in Taiwan by gender, after controlling for depressive symptoms. Self-reported data were collected from a nationally representative sample of 2,835 college students; 11.90% of females and 8.87% of males reported they had attempted suicide in the…

Chou, Cheng Hsiang; Ko, Huei Chen; Wu, Jo Yung-Wei; Cheng, Chung-Ping

2013-01-01

73

Threat Assessment Teams: A Model for Coordinating the Institutional Response and Reducing Legal Liability when College Students Threaten Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing numbers of college students with mental health issues are enrolling in college. If these students threaten suicide they present serious legal issues for college officials. Lack of communication and coordination of a response to these students exacerbates the issue. Threat assessment teams can serve as mechanisms to coordinate the…

Penven, James C.; Janosik, Steven M.

2012-01-01

74

Self-Reported Barriers to Professional Help Seeking among College Students at Elevated Risk for Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This study sought to describe self-reported barriers to professional help seeking among college students who are at elevated suicide risk and determine if these barriers vary by demographic and clinical characteristics. Participants: Participants were 165 non-treatment seekers recruited as part of a Web-based treatment linkage…

Czyz, Ewa K.; Horwitz, Adam G.; Eisenberg, Daniel; Kramer, Anne; King, Cheryl A.

2013-01-01

75

An investigation of the validity of the SPSI and SPSI-R in differentiating high-suicidal from depressed, low-suicidal college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the validity of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory (SPSI) and SPSI—Revised in differentiating 65 high-suicidal from 63 depressed, low-suicidal college students. Results from multivariate analyses indicated overall differences in problem-solving between these two groups as measured by the SPSI but not by the SPSI-R. Further examination of these differences revealed the high-suicidal group was different in problem-solving

George A. Clum; Bin Yang; Greg A. R. Febbraro; Deborah L. Canfield; Mary Arsdel

1996-01-01

76

Childhood Adversity, Recent Life Stressors and Suicidal Behavior in Chinese College Students  

PubMed Central

Background Although the independent effects of childhood adversities and of recent negative events on suicidality have been well-documented, the combinative role of childhood and recent adversities on risk for suicidality is still underexplored, especially in the context of Chinese culture and in consideration of specific types of negative events. Method 5989 students, randomly sampled from six universities in central China, completed the online survey for this study. Suicidal behavior, life adversity during childhood and stressful events in recent school life were assessed with designed questionnaires. Results Students experiencing recent stressful life events more often reported an experience of life adversity during childhood. While recent stressful life events and childhood life adversity both were associated with an increased risk for suicidal behavior, the two exposures presented conjunctively and acted interactively to increase the risk. There was noticeable variation of effects associated with specific childhood life adversities, and sexual abuse, poor parental relationship, divorce of parents and loss of a parent were among the adversities associated with the highest increased risk. Recent conflicts with classmates, poor school performance and rupture of romantic relationships were the recent school life stressors associated with the highest increased risk. Conclusions Childhood adversity and recent school life stressors had a combinative role in predicting suicidality of young people studying in Chinese colleges. Unhappy family life during childhood and recent interpersonal conflicts in school were the most important predictors of suicidality in this population.

You, Zhiqi; Chen, Mingxi; Yang, Sen; Zhou, Zongkui; Qin, Ping

2014-01-01

77

Alcohol-Related Problems and Risk of Suicide among College Students: The Mediating Roles of Belongingness and Burdensomeness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship among alcohol-related problems, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicide proneness in undergraduate college students (N = 996) was examined. As hypothesized, alcohol-related problems, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness were all significantly and positively correlated with suicide proneness.…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Malone, Patrick S.

2011-01-01

78

College Student Suicide in the United States: Incidence Data and Prospects for Demonstrating the Efficacy of Preventative Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epidemiological reports of suicide of college students in the United States that have appeared in the literature since 1928 include seven single institution and two multi-institution reports. In order to compare this data, the crude rates were corrected to account for demographic variables known to influence suicide rates, especially age, sex, and temporal period. The Standard Mortality Ratio (smr) is

Allan J. Schwartz; Clifford B. Reifler

1988-01-01

79

The Immediate Effects of Homicidal, Suicidal, and Nonviolent Heavy Metal and Rap Songs on the Moods of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the impact of homicidal, suicidal, and nonviolent heavy metal and rap songs on the moods of male college undergraduates. Students (n=164) completed mood inventories after listening to 1 of 6 songs. Results show no effects of these songs on suicidal ideation, anxiety, or self-esteem. Rap songs elicited greater angry responses than heavy…

Ballard, Mary E.; Coates, Steven

1995-01-01

80

CAMPUS TRAGEDY: A STUDY OF STUDENT SUICIDE  

Microsoft Academic Search

PRIOR STUDIES OF COLLEGE SUICIDES HAVE NEGLECTED THE NEED FOR AN ADEQUATE COMPARISON OR CONTROL GROUP. TO REMEDY THIS SITUATION, STUDENT SUICIDES WERE COMPARED TO THEIR NONSUICIDAL CLASSMATES ON SELECTED DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES. SUICIDING STUDENTS COULD BE SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENTIATED FROM THEIR FELLOW STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF AGE, CLASS STANDING, MAJOR SUBJECT, NATIONALITY, EMOTIONAL CONDITION, AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT. THE SUICIDAL STUDENTS

RICHARD H. SEIDEN

1966-01-01

81

Factors underlying suicidal ideation among college students: a test of Teicher and Jacobs' model.  

PubMed

The study examined three factors thought to be involved in the etiology of suicidal ideation in adolescents: an absence or disruption of interpersonal attachments, a conviction of personal helplessness, and a sense of hopelessness regarding the future. Subjects, 191 college students age 21 or less, completed questionnaires assessing suicidal ideation, parent and peer attachments, locus of control, and hopelessness. Nearly 61 per cent of the subjects reported at least some degree of suicidal ideation, and 21 per cent reported moderate or high levels of ideation. Both low-level and moderate- to high-level ideators reported poorer relationships with their parents than non-ideators. In addition, compared to non-ideator and low-ideator subjects, moderate to high ideators reported poorer relationships with peers and greater convictions of helplessness and hopelessness about the future. No gender differences were found other than a suggestion that insecure attachment to parents may be a more important factor in the genesis of suicidal ideation in college women than men. PMID:2347982

Strang, S P; Orlofsky, J L

1990-03-01

82

Belief system, meaningfulness, and psychopathology associated with suicidality among Chinese college students: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background Research suggests that Chinese religious believers are more likely to commit suicide than those identifying as non-religious among rural young adults, contrary to findings in Western countries. However, one cannot conclude that religiosity is associated with elevated suicide risk without examining the effect of political and religious beliefs in a generally atheist country like China where political belief plays a dominant role in the belief system of young adults. The present study investigated the effects of political and religious belief on suicidality with meaningfulness and psychopathology as potential mediators in a large representative sample of Chinese college students. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1390 first-year college students randomly sampled from 10 colleges and universities in mainland China. Results A total of 1168 respondents (84.0%) provided complete data on all variables. Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt were 45.1%, 6.8%, and 1.9% respectively, with one-year suicidal ideation showing at 19.3%. Female gender was associated with elevated risk of suicidality. Political belief but not religious belief was associated with decreased suicide risk. A significant interactive effect of political belief and religious belief was found, indicating that for political believers, being religious was associated with decreased suicide risk; for non-political believers, being religious was associated with increased suicide risk. Multi-group structural equation modeling showed that meaningfulness completely mediated and psychopathology partially mediated the effect of belief system on suicidality. Gender differences were found in pathways of political belief by religious beliefs to suicidality and political belief to psychopathology. The coefficients were significant for males but not for females. Conclusions In less religious societies, political belief may serve as a means of integration as does religious affiliation in religious societies. Males were more likely to benefit from the protective effect of a belief system on suicidality than females.

2012-01-01

83

Gender and History of Suicidality: Are These Factors Related to U.S. College Students' Current Suicidal Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender and history of suicidality were related to current symptoms of depression, reasons for living, and reported self-destructive and life-threatening behavior among college students (N=242). Several measures intended to identify persons at risk were studied. Findings are related to cultural and gender specific expectations. Implications for…

Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Sanders, Audrey; Monson, Candice M.; Crane, Marilyn

1998-01-01

84

College students' hypothetical responses to suicidal individuals who are hiv positive, substance abusing, depressed, or anxious  

Microsoft Academic Search

To see if specific circumstances encourage or discourage helpful responses to suicide threats, 141 undergraduates read a one-paragraph vignette about a suicidal person with either AIDS, depression, drug abuse, anxiety, or adjustment problems. Students then wrote five responses, which on average were mildly unhelpful regardless of circumstance. A suicidal person who was HIV positive engendered significantly less helpful responses than

Steven E. Oneal; Lillian M. Range

1993-01-01

85

Suicide Proneness in College Students: Relationships with Gender, Procrastination, and Achievement Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships between 2 academic dispositions (i.e., procrastination and achievement motivation) and 2 indices of suicidal proneness in college women and men. The degree these 2 academic dispositions could predict unique variance in suicide proneness scores, above and beyond the influence of depression and self-esteem was…

Klibert, Jeffrey; Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Luna, Amy; Robichaux, Michelle

2011-01-01

86

Rural/urban Background, Depression and Suicidal Ideation in Chinese College Students: A Cross-Sectional Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this study was to examine, first, the relationship of having a rural vs. urban background with suicidal ideation in Chinese college students, and second, whether a potential relationship was mediated by depression. Methods A survey was conducted among 1,145 undergraduate students at a university in China. Suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms were measured by the revised Hopkins’ Symptom checklist (SCL-90-R). Associations between rural vs. urban background, depression and suicidal ideation were estimated by multivariable linear regression-based ? coefficients, logistic regression-based odds ratios (ORs), and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The magnitude of indirect effect and bias-corrected 95% CIs were obtained through bootstrap techniques. Results Rural background was positively associated with depression, which was in turn associated with suicidal ideation. The OR for rural status and suicidal ideation equaled 2.15 (95% CI?=?1.36–3.41). This OR was slightly, though significantly (p<0.05) attenuated by additional adjustment for depressive symptoms (OR?=?1.99, 95% CI?=?1.15–3.44). Conclusion Having a rural background is a determinant of suicidal ideation in Chinese college students. Depression may only marginally mediate this association.

Meng, Heng; Li, Jian; Loerbroks, Adrian; Wu, Jiao; Chen, Hui

2013-01-01

87

Attitudes of college students about physician-assisted suicide: The influence of life experiences, religiosity, and belief in autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes attitudes of college sudents about physician-assisted suicide, analyzes key factors that predict attitudes on this issue, and compares these attitudes with those regarding other forms of end-of-life actions. Data were collected via personal interviews with 200 randomly selected students at a 4-year college. A majority of respondents believe that a physician should be able to assist in

Gregory L. Weiss

1996-01-01

88

Alcohol-Related Problems and Risk for Suicide among College Students: The Mediating Roles of Belongingness and Burdensomeness  

PubMed Central

This study examined the relations among alcohol-related problems, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicide proneness in undergraduate college students (N = 996). As hypothesized, alcohol-related problems, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness were all significantly and positively correlated with suicide proneness. The relation between experiencing alcohol-related problems and suicide proneness was, in part, accounted for by perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Additionally, the mediation via perceived burdensomeness was significantly stronger than the mediation via thwarted belongingness. Results suggest that it would be advisable for clinicians to be aware of students’ experiences with alcohol-related problems in conjunction with their levels of burdensomeness and belongingness when assessing for suicide risk

Lamis, Dorian A.; Malone, Patrick S.

2012-01-01

89

An Empirically Supported Program to Prevent Suicide in a College Student Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall of 1984, the University of Illinois instituted a formal program to reduce the rate of suicide among its enrolled students. At the core of the program is a policy that requires any student who threatens or attempts suicide to attend four sessions of professional assessment. The consequences for failing to comply with the program include…

Joffe, Paul

2008-01-01

90

Hopelessness and Suicidal Behavior among Chinese, Thai and Korean College Students and Predictive Effects of the World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the current status of suicide behavior and to examine the association between hopeless feelings, suicidal behavior and components of the WHO Quality-of-Life-BREF instrument among college students (n = 1,217) in China, Thailand, and Korea. Results showed 3.7% Thai, 10% Chinese, and 13.2% Korean students

Kay, Noy; Li, Kaigang; Xiao, Xia; Nokkaew, Nattiporn; Park, Bock-Hee

2009-01-01

91

Parents of Suicidal College Students: What Deans, Judges, and Legislators Should Know about Campus Research Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When suicidal behavior is reported, student affairs officers on many campuses notify parents as one component of a multifaceted campus suicide prevention plan. In response to proposals to mandate parental notification, the author argues that practical considerations warrant against expanding state laws to require notification following campus…

Baker, Thomas R.

2006-01-01

92

Cross-sectional survey on the acceptability of suicide among rural residents, urban residents and college students from three locations in China  

PubMed Central

Background Community attitudes about suicide and their relationship to suicidal behavior have not been adequately investigated in low- and middle-income countries. Aims Compare acceptability of suicide in different population cohorts in China, identify factors that affect the degree of acceptability, and assess the relationship of cohort-specific acceptability of suicide and suicide rates. Methods A multi-stage stratified random sample of 608 rural residents, 582 urban residents and 629 college students were administered a 25-item scale in which respondents stated the likelihood they would consider suicide (on a 5-point Likert scale) if they experienced a variety of stressors ranging from ‘being disciplined at work’ to ‘developing a chronic mental illness’. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability for the scale are excellent (Cronbach’s ? =0.92, ICC=0.75). Results College students had the most permissive attitudes about suicide and urban residents were significantly more accepting of suicide as a response to serious life stressors than rural residents. Multivariate analysis found that the overall acceptability score was higher in women, decreased with age, and increased with years of education. Conclusions There was no clear relationship between cohort-specific acceptance of suicide and reported rates of suicide, highlighting the complexity of the relationship between attitudes about suicide (of which acceptability is only one component) and suicidal behavior.

Li, Xianyun; Phillips, Michael R.

2011-01-01

93

Type and severity of child abuse and college students' lifetime suicidality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The present study compared reported histories and severity of child sexual abuse, child physical abuse, and both, in college men and women.Method: Four hundred and eighty-six consenting undergraduates completed measures of suicidality, sexual abuse (SA), and physical abuse (PA). Based on their responses, they were categorized into 12 mutually exclusive groups: no PA\\/no SA (n = 234), moderate PA\\/no

Susan L. Bryant; Lillian M. Range

1997-01-01

94

The Relationship of Level of Positive Mental Health with Current Mental Disorders in Predicting Suicidal Behavior and Academic Impairment in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To investigate whether level of positive mental health complements mental illness in predicting students at risk for suicidal behavior and impaired academic performance. Participants: A sample of 5,689 college students participated in the 2007 Healthy Minds Study and completed an Internet survey that included the Mental Health…

Keyes, Corey L. M.; Eisenberg, Daniel; Perry, Geraldine S.; Dube, Shanta R.; Kroenke, Kurt; Dhingra, Satvinder S.

2012-01-01

95

Prevalence and predictors of persistent suicide ideation, plans, and attempts during college  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSuicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students in the U.S. and is preventable. Approximately 1100 college students die by suicide each year. This study examined the prevalence and predictors of one-time and persistent suicide ideation, plans, and attempts reported during college.

Holly C. Wilcox; Amelia M. Arria; Kimberly M. Caldeira; Kathryn B. Vincent; Gillian M. Pinchevsky; Kevin E. O'Grady

2010-01-01

96

Suicide Prevention for LGBT Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive media coverage of the suicide deaths of several gay and lesbian youth has highlighted lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth as a population at-risk for suicide. In addition, it has caused colleges and universities to address mental health and suicide behavior among this very diverse college population. One issue that…

Johnson, R. Bradley; Oxendine, Symphony; Taub, Deborah J.; Robertson, Jason

2013-01-01

97

Gender Differences in Risk and Protective Factors for Suicidal Ideation among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The correlates and predictors of suicidal ideation were examined in 303 male and 691 female undergraduates. Results indicated that hopelessness predicted suicidal ideation in both samples; however, depression was found to be a significant suicide risk factor only in women. In contrast, alcohol-related problems and social support from family…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Lester, David

2013-01-01

98

Suicidality and Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression among College Students: A Prospective Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a behavioral high-risk two-site prospective design, the cognitive vulnerability hypothesis about suicide was evaluated. During the 2.5-year follow-up high cognitive risk participants were more likely than those with low risk to exhibit suicidality. Obtained relationship between cognitive vulnerability and suicidality was mediated by…

Abramson, Lyn Y.; Alloy, Lauren B.; Hogan, Michael E.; Whitehouse, Wayne G.; Cornette, Michelle; Akhavan, Sogoli; Chiara, Alexandra

1998-01-01

99

Suicide and Its Prevention on College Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is a significant issue facing higher education institutions. Many campuses are involved in a variety of procedures, programs, and initiatives that seek to reduce or prevent suicide and the impact of suicide-related behavior. This article offers examples of campus prevention efforts, important resources on suicide prevention for college

Keyes, Lee

2012-01-01

100

Notifying Parents Following a College Student Suicide Attempt: A Review of Case Law and FERPA, and Recommendations for Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decisions by university officials not to notify a student's parents following a suicide attempt on campus have been severely criticized by some observers. Although courts have not imposed a parental notice requirement, the practice is advantageous to students in many situations. The author recommends a system of notification that relies primarily…

Baker, Thomas R.

2005-01-01

101

High Suicidal Ideation and Psychosocial Variables in University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The college students have high rates of suicidal ideation often associated with psychosocial factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether some of these psychosocial variables are related to the high prevalence of suicidal ideation in a College Spanish. Method: Participants (n = 40), aged between 21 and 34 years, Mean =…

Sanchez-Teruel, David; Garcia-Leon, Ana; Muela-Martinez, Jose A.

2013-01-01

102

Functions, lifetime frequency, and variety of methods of non-suicidal self-injury among college students.  

PubMed

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and intrapersonal functions of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) have both been found to have strong relationships with NSSI. The present study examines their role in the lifetime frequency and variety of NSSI methods, taken as indicators of severity of NSSI. We hypothesized that intrapersonal functions would explain frequency and variety of NSSI beyond the effects of interpersonal functions. Further we hypothesized that intrapersonal functions would moderate the effect of BPD characteristics on frequency of NSSI. College students (n=52) who endorsed at least one lifetime act of NSSI completed self-report measures and semi-structured interviews about NSSI behaviors, frequency, variety and functions, and BPD symptoms. Results supported the hypotheses that intrapersonal functions play a role in the lifetime frequency and variety of NSSI behaviors in addition to that of interpersonal functions, but did not support the role of intrapersonal functions as a moderator. Findings are discussed in terms of relative importance of all factors involved in explaining severity of NSSI, measured as lifetime frequency and variety. PMID:24947915

Saraff, Pooja D; Pepper, Carolyn M

2014-10-30

103

Childhood Maltreatment and College Students? Current Suicidal Ideation: A Test of the Hopelessness Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have examined the relation between childhood maltreatment and adult suicidality within the context of a coherent theoretical model. The cur- rent study evaluates the ability of the hopelessness theory of depression's (Abram- son, Metalsky, & Alloy, 1989) etiological chain to account for this relation in a sample of 297 undergraduates. Supporting the model, emotional, but not physical or

Brandon E. Gibb; Lauren B. Alloy; Lyn Y. Abramson; Donna T. Rose; Wayne G. Whitehouse; Michael E. Hogan

2001-01-01

104

Childhood Maltreatment and College Students' Current Suicidal Ideation: A Test of the Helplessness Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates the ability of the hopelessness theory of depression's etiological chain to account for this relation in a sample of 297 undergraduates. Results indicated that emotional, but not physical or sexual, maltreatment was uniquely related to average levels of suicidal ideation across a 2.5-year follow-up. (Author)

Gibb, Brandon E.; Alloy, Lauren B.; Abramson, Lyn Y.; Rose, Donna T.; Whitehouse, Wayne G.; Hogan, Michael E.

2001-01-01

105

College Students' Intentions to Seek Help for Suicidal Ideation: Accounting for the Help-Negation Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research has identified a negative association between suicidal ideation and help-seeking, a phenomenon called "help-negation." Help-negation has been documented to occur for both professional and nonprofessional sources of help. In this study help-seeking attitudes, stigma concerns, and perceptions of social support were examined as…

Yakunina, Elena S.; Rogers, James R.; Waehler, Charles A.; Werth, James L., Jr.

2010-01-01

106

Rate, Relative Risk, and Method of Suicide by Students at 4-Year Colleges and Universities in the United States, 2004-2005 through 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 622 suicides were reported among students attending 645 distinct campuses from 2004-2005 through 2008-2009. Adjusting for gender in the population at risk of 14.9 million student-years and for the source of these data, the student suicide rate of 7.0 was significantly and substantially lower than for a matched national sample. Suicide

Schwartz, Allan J.

2011-01-01

107

Sociocultural Determinants of Suicide Ideation: A Comparison between American and Ghanaian College Samples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the role of gender, family cohesion, religiosity, and negative suicide attitudes as potential determinants of cultural differences in suicide ideation among 375 college students from Ghana and the United States. Significant cultural differences were found for suicide ideation, family closeness, religiosity, and negative…

Eshun, Sussie

2003-01-01

108

Practice Teachers' Responses to a Suicidal Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observes that because of the rate of suicides and attempted suicides among young people, teachers can expect to face suicidal students during their careers. Explores whether teachers can effectively employ no-suicide pacts with children. Finds that teachers took any suicide threat seriously but were uncomfortable using a no-suicide agreement. (DSK)

Davidson, Michael; Range, Lillian M.

1997-01-01

109

Student Suicide: A Negligence Issue in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many academic and social challenges associated with the acclamation process for today’s college students. These pressures and challenges are contributing factors for the high suicide rate among college students. Although considered a high profile issue in higher education, suicide rates of 15-24 year-olds have increased 200% since 1960. Further, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010) reports

R. Young; James H. Young III; R. Holland; Thelma Roberson

2012-01-01

110

University Students' Perceived Self-Efficacy in Identifying Suicidal Warning Signs and Helping Suicidal Friends Find Campus Intervention Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, suicide is the third leading cause of death among youth 18 to 24 years of age and the second leading cause of death on college campuses. A sample of students (N = 1,019) from three midwestern universities were surveyed regarding their perceived self-efficacy in identifying suicide warning signs and campus suicide intervention resources.…

King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca A.; Strader, Jennifer L.

2008-01-01

111

Tragic Accident or Wrongful Death? Assessing the Effectiveness of MIT's Responses in a High-Profile Student Suicide Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the prevalence of mental health issues and suicidal ideation among U.S. college students, higher education institutions are likely to face a student suicide crisis at some point. The messages college administrators send in the aftermath of a student suicide crisis have the potential to placate or exacerbate the outrage that stakeholders…

Hudson, Tara D.

2011-01-01

112

Suicide Attempts and Threats on One College Campus: Policy and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of a university policy requiring a mental health evaluation of every student who is cause for worry with respect to his or her own safety, the counseling center at the College of William and Mary has been able to examine almost all situations in which students are suicidal or thought to be suicidal. Over the course of 1 calendar

Philip W. Meilman; Janice A. Pattis; Deanna Kraus-Zeilmann

1994-01-01

113

Differences in Suicidal Experiences of Male and Female Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in the suicidal experiences of males and females and of undergraduate and graduate students have not been thoroughly explored. Furthermore, given the changing dynamics of college student suicidality and the challenges of suicide prevention, it is important to continue updating the research in this area. This article presents findings…

Brownson, Chris; Drum, David J.; Smith, Shanna E.; Denmark, Adryon Burton

2011-01-01

114

Differences in Suicidal Experiences of Male and Female Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in the suicidal experiences of males and females and of undergraduate and graduate students have not been thoroughly explored. Furthermore, given the changing dynamics of college student suicidality and the challenges of suicide prevention, it is important to continue updating the research in this area. This article presents findings from a 2006 national survey with responses from over 26,000

Chris Brownson; David J. Drum; Shanna E. Smith; Adryon Burton Denmark

2011-01-01

115

College Students Helping America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To identify key trends in college student volunteering and to understand their implications for growing volunteering among college students, the Corporation has produced a new report, titled "College Students Helping America," the most comprehensive national report ever conducted on college student volunteering in the United States. The report…

Dote, Lillian; Cramer, Kevin; Dietz, Nathan; Grimm, Robert, Jr.

2006-01-01

116

Suicide among Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide has become the solution to an increasing number of gifted youth's mounting frustrations, including success depression and school stress. One possible solution is mandatory counseling within the gifted curriculum as a preventive intervention. (MSE)

Farrell, Donna M.

1989-01-01

117

Care of the college student.  

PubMed

There are approximately 20 million students in U.S. colleges and universities. Although this population is characterized as having good health, 600,000 students report some form of disability or some type of medical problem, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities, psychiatric disorders, and chronic illnesses, among others. Physicians can enhance youth transition to an adult model of health care; the use of self-care skills checklists is one recommended method to assist with the transition. Stimulant medications are effective for treating adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, but physicians should use caution when prescribing stimulants to college students because of the high rates of medication diversion in this population. Depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, sleep problems, and eating disorders are common in college students and can significantly impact performance. Emphasis on immunization of students for influenza, meningococcus, and pertussis is necessary because of the low rates of compliance. Screening and interventions for obesity, tobacco use, and substance abuse are important because of the high prevalence of these problems in college students. Screening for alcohol abuse facilitates identification of students with problem drinking behaviors. Students who are war veterans should be monitored for suicidal ideation and posttraumatic stress disorder. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning students are at risk of harassment and discrimination. Caution should be exercised when prescribing medications to college athletes to avoid violation of National Collegiate Athletic Association eligibility rules. PMID:24364636

Unwin, Brian K; Goodie, Jeffrey; Reamy, Brian V; Quinlan, Jeffrey

2013-11-01

118

College Now Student Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student handbook was compiled for high school students interested in New York City's Kingsborough Community College's College Now Program, a collaborative effort begun in 1984 to offer high school students an opportunity to take college-level courses, enhance their desire to go to college, and ease their transition from high school to…

Kingsborough Community Coll., Brooklyn, NY.

119

It's Time to Talk: Tribal Colleges Tackle Culture of Silence about Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared to the general population, American Indians are experiencing an alarmingly increased rate of suicide, which some estimate at 50% higher than other ethnic groups. On the campuses of some tribal colleges, things look equally bleak, with 15% of students reporting that they seriously considered suicide over the past 12 months. While the…

Freeman, Janet

2010-01-01

120

Drivers of Disparity: Differences in Socially-Based Risk Factors of Self-injurious and Suicidal Behaviors Among Sexual Minority College Students  

PubMed Central

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (i.e., sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood. Objective To test the association between socially-based stressors (e.g., victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. Participants A national sample of college-attending 18- to 24-year-olds. Methods Random or census samples from post-secondary educational institutions that administered the National College Health Assessment during the Fall 2008 and Spring 2009 semesters. Results Sexual minorities reported more socially-based stressors than heterosexuals. Bisexuals exhibited greatest prevalence of self-injurious and suicidal behaviors. In adjusted models, intimate partner violence was most consistently associated with self-injurious behaviros. Conclusions Sexual minorities' elevated risks of self-injurious and suicidal behaviors may stem from higher exposure to socially-based stressors. Within-group differences among sexual minorities offer insight to specific risk factors that may contribute to elevated self-injurious and suicidal behaviors in sexual minority populations.

Blosnich, John; Bossarte, Robert

2012-01-01

121

Student assistance program outcomes for students at risk for suicide.  

PubMed

Pennsylvania's response to adolescent suicide is its Student Assistance Program (SAP). SAP has been funded for 27 years although no statewide outcome studies using case-level data have been conducted. This study used logistic regression to examine drug-/alcohol-related behaviors and suspensions of suicidal students who participated in SAP. Of the 46 services, 10 best predicted (p < .01) that these undesirable outcomes would cease. Although no study subjects died by suicide, 42 of 374,626 referred students did die by suicide. Suicidal students who did not participate had double the rate of suicide of suicidal participants of SAP. Students referred for other reasons also killed themselves. Further work must be done to assess all referred students for suicide risk, examine educational outcomes, monitor substance-related crimes and overdoses, and examine school-related factors postmortem. Evidence from this study can be used by researchers to plan future studies and by Pennsylvania's school nurses when planning services. PMID:24643756

Biddle, Virginia Sue; Kern, John; Brent, David A; Thurkettle, Mary Ann; Puskar, Kathryn R; Sekula, L Kathleen

2014-06-01

122

Self-Reported Suicidal Behavior and Attitudes Toward Suicide and Suicide Prevention Among Psychology Students in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-reported suicidal behavior and attitudes toward suicide in psychology students are reported and compared in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway. Small differences only were found in own suicidal behavior. However, experience of suicidal behavior in the surroundings was more common in Uganda than in Ghana and Norway. Although differences were found between the three countries in attitudes toward suicide, which emphasizes

Heidi Hjelmeland; Charity S. Akotia; Vicki Owens; Birthe L. Knizek; Hilmar Nordvik; Rose Schroeder; Eugene Kinyanda

2008-01-01

123

Suicide management skills and the medical student.  

PubMed

To determine the suicide management skills of medical students at different levels of training, 141 medical students were administered the Suicide Intervention Response Inventory (SIRI), a self-report instrument assessing skills in responding to the self-destructive patient. As predicted, third-year students having completed a course in medical interviewing scored higher on the SIRI than first-year students who had not. Additional improvement in suicide management skills was evidenced for third-year students who completed a six-week inpatient psychiatry rotation. Whether or not students believed that suicide was ethically acceptable in some circumstances had no impact on their ability to select an appropriate response to the self-destructive patient. Several additional findings are discussed, and the potential utility of the SIRI in evaluating medical student skills in this important area is highlighted. PMID:6864744

Neimeyer, R A; Diamond, R J

1983-07-01

124

Suicide Management Skills and the Medical Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As measured by self-assessment, medical students' suicide management skills appear to be better among those having completed a medical interviewing course and those having completed a six-week inpatient psychiatry rotation. Attitudes toward the acceptability of suicide had no impact on selection of correct responses. The utility of the instrument…

Neimeyer, Robert A.; Diamond, Ronald J.

1983-01-01

125

Employment of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was conducted to determine the effect on academic performance, if any, of employment on undergraduate college students. A questionnaire was sent to professors at 3 four-year colleges on Long Island (New York); various day classes were randomly selected. The final sample of n=257 represented approximately a 30 percent response. The…

High, Robert V.

126

The Acceptability of Suicide Among Rural Residents, Urban Residents, and College Students from Three Locations in China: A Cross-Sectional Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Community attitudes about suicide and their relationship to suicidal behavior have not been adequately investigated in low- and middle-income countries. Aims: To compare the acceptability of suicide in different population cohorts in China, identify factors that affect the degree of acceptability, and assess the relationship of cohort-specific acceptability of suicide and suicide rates. Methods: A multistage stratified random sample

Xianyun Li; Michael R. Phillips

2010-01-01

127

Young People and Suicide—the College Scene | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Preventing Suicides Young People and Suicide —the College Scene Past Issues / Winter 2010 Table ... of the risk factors and warning signs for suicide seen among the general population. Some facts about ...

128

Student Assistance Program Outcomes for Students at Risk for Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pennsylvania's response to adolescent suicide is its Student Assistance Program (SAP). SAP has been funded for 27 years although no statewide outcome studies using case-level data have been conducted. This study used logistic regression to examine drug-/alcohol-related behaviors and suspensions of suicidal students who participated in SAP. Of…

Biddle, Virginia Sue; Kern, John, III; Brent, David A.; Thurkettle, Mary Ann; Puskar, Kathryn R.; Sekula, L. Kathleen

2014-01-01

129

College Students and Alcohol.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interprets data obtained through surveys concerning Soviet college students' alcohol consumption. Examines onset of drinking, frequency of drinking and inebriation, peer influence, gender differences, and students' self-assessments of alcohol use. Considers alcohol's habituating effects and consequent impact on individual development. (CH)

Levin, Boris Mikhailovich; Levin, Mikhail Borisovich

1990-01-01

130

The Impact of Experiential Exercises on Communication and Relational Skills in a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper-Training Program for College Resident Advisors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In an effort to identify students at risk for suicide, many colleges are implementing suicide prevention training for campus gatekeepers. This study evaluated the efficacy of a 3-hour, experiential-based gatekeeper training that included an emphasis on enhancing communication skills and relational connection in addition to the didactic foci of standard gatekeeper training. Participants: Sixty-five college student resident advisors (RAs)

Susan Pasco; Cory Wallack; Robert M. Sartin; Rebecca Dayton

2012-01-01

131

The Impact of Experiential Exercises on Communication and Relational Skills in a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training Program for College Resident Advisors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In an effort to identify students at risk for suicide many colleges are implementing suicide prevention training for campus gatekeepers. This study evaluated the efficacy of a three-hour, experiential-based gatekeeper training which included an emphasis on enhancing communication skills and relational connection in addition to the didactic foci of standard gatekeeper training. Participants: Sixty-five college student resident advisors (RAs)

Susan Pasco; Cory Wallack; Robert M. Sartin; Rebecca Dayton

2012-01-01

132

Student Suicide: A Guide for Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph provides teachers, counselors, administrators, and other school staff members with a simple and practical guide to becoming "response-ready" when dealing with suicide. The first chapter discusses the fact that self-destructive behaviors are prevalent in students which affect their willingness to learn and the increasing incidences…

Vidal, John A.

133

Suicidality Among High School Students in Hong Kong, SAR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is the leading cause of death in Hong Kong SAR for the youth aged 15?24. This study examined the prevalence of suicidality among secondary school students in Hong Kong using a representative, territory-wide sample of 2,586 students. Suicidal behaviors can be conceptualized as a spectrum of self-destructive behaviors. Cumulative logit model…

Yip, Paul S. F.; Liu, K. Y.; Lam, T. H.; Stewart, Sunita M.; Chen, Eric; Fan, Susan

2004-01-01

134

The Impact of Experiential Exercises on Communication and Relational Skills in a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper-Training Program for College Resident Advisors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In an effort to identify students at risk for suicide, many colleges are implementing suicide prevention training for campus gatekeepers. This study evaluated the efficacy of a 3-hour, experiential-based gatekeeper training that included an emphasis on enhancing communication skills and relational connection in addition to the didactic…

Pasco, Susan; Wallack, Cory; Sartin, Robert M.; Dayton, Rebecca

2012-01-01

135

Drivers of Disparity: Differences in Socially Based Risk Factors of Self-Injurious and Suicidal Behaviors among Sexual Minority College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (ie, sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood. Objective: To test the association between socially based stressors (eg, victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and…

Blosnich, John; Bossarte, Robert

2012-01-01

136

Addressing Peer Death by Suicide: The School's Role in the Aftermath of Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent suicide devastates family, friends, and the larger community of the deceased. This dissertation seeks to explore the impact of peer death by suicide on students in the school system, and the policies that schools have put in place to address these effects. This work will critically evaluate current suicide bereavement interventions, and…

Paxson, Sarah A.

2008-01-01

137

Loneliness in College Students: Some Theoretical, Empirical, and Therapeutic Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical, psychoanalytical, and existential hypotheses were reviewed and tested using college students as subjects. When a measure of loneliness was correlated with a number of personality scales, loneliness was positively related to depression, hopelessness, paranoia, alienation, external locus of control, aggression, and potential suicide, but…

Diamant, Louis; Windholz, George

1981-01-01

138

Religiousness and Non-Hopeless Suicide Ideation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals who think about suicide but do not feel suicidally hopeless tend to be less religious and can therefore entertain thoughts of suicide unabated by religiousness. Religiousness, suicide ideation, and hopelessness were surveyed among 279 Idaho college students, 37 (13%) of whom were non-hopeless suicide ideators. A total of only 21 (7%)…

Simonson, Randy H.

2008-01-01

139

Suicidal Ideation and Attitudes toward Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although hopelessness and depression are known risk factors for suicide, most individuals who are hopeless or depressed never make a suicide attempt. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that college students' (n = 230) attitudes toward suicide (the degree to which they see it as an acceptable option under some circumstances) would moderate the…

Gibb, Brandon E.; Andover, Margaret S.; Beach, Steven R. H.

2006-01-01

140

The Short-Term Effectiveness of a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training Program in a College Setting with Residence Life Advisers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the college years prove to be a vulnerable time for students and a critical period for suicide prevention, few school-based prevention strategies have been empirically evaluated. The current study examined the short-term effects of Question, Persuade, and Refer (QPR), a gatekeeper training program that teaches how to recognize warning…

Tompkins, Tanya L.; Witt, Jody

2009-01-01

141

Lay Theories of Suicide: An Examination of Culturally Relevant Suicide Beliefs and Attributions among African Americans and European Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine African Americans' lay beliefs and attributions toward suicide. The Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale, Life Ownership Orientation Questionnaire, Stigma Questionnaire, and Suicide Ideation Questionnaire were administered to 251 undergraduate college students. Beliefs about stigma associated with suicide were comparable across ethnic groups. However, African American college students were significantly less likely than European

Rheeda L. Walker; David Lester; Sean Joe

2006-01-01

142

Randomized Trial of Suicide Gatekeeper Training for Social Work Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: Education and research on social work's role in preventing client suicide is limited. Method: Seventy advanced master of social work students were randomly assigned to either the training group (Question, Persuade, and Referral suicide gatekeeper training) or the control group. Outcomes measured over time included suicide knowledge,…

Jacobson, Jodi M.; Osteen, Phillip J.; Sharpe, Tanya L.; Pastoor, Jennifer B.

2012-01-01

143

A Psychological Autopsy of the Suicide of an Academically Gifted Student: Researchers' and Parents' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of an academically gifted college student who committed suicide resulted in three sets of findings: those that reflected exclusively on the subject's life, those that compared his life with 3 previous psychological autopsies conducted, and those that reflected the parents' observations and experiences of his life. (Contains…

Cross, Tracy L.; Gust-Brey, Karyn; Ball, P. Bonny

2002-01-01

144

College Affordability and Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College--whether with a vocational or liberal-arts bent--gives students an opportunity to test areas of interest, to follow their passions, or perhaps to find passions that they didn't know they had. The question for the nation is how to provide college "opportunity" more broadly. That means a system that makes it possible for students--rich or…

Shireman, Robert

2009-01-01

145

High School Teachers' Experiences with Suicidal Students: A Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are widely considered key gatekeepers to mental health services for students at risk for suicide. Using data from 120 teachers at two Denver-area high schools, this study investigated teachers' experiences with suicidal students. Analyses revealed that the majority of teachers (58.8%) reported that at least one student had disclosed…

Freedenthal, Stacey; Breslin, Lindsey

2010-01-01

146

Understanding the Working College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working is now a fundamental responsibility for many undergraduates. But understanding how employment affects students' educational experiences is complicated by why students work. Many students must work to pay the costs of attending college. Some traditional-age students may use employment as a way to explore career options or earn spending…

Perna, Laura W.

2010-01-01

147

The Influence of Death Exposure on Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the relationship between exposure to both suicidal and non-suicidal deaths and current suicidal ideation and suicide attempt history among urban college students. Three hundred and ninety-six (n = 396) undergraduate students attending an urban university completed a series of questionnaires assessing their exposure to death (including suicide), suicide attempt history, and current level of suicidal ideation. Exposure to

Gianni Pirelli; Elizabeth L. Jeglic

2009-01-01

148

Evaluating Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) Suicide Prevention Training in a College Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses short-term and long-term learning outcomes of Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) suicide prevention training in a college setting. Two hundred seventy-three participants completed pretest, posttest, and follow-up surveys regarding suicide prevention knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Results indicated: (a) increases in suicide

Mitchell, Sharon L.; Kader, Mahrin; Darrow, Sherri A.; Haggerty, Melinda Z.; Keating, Niki L.

2013-01-01

149

Suicidality in College Women Who Report Multiple versus Single Types of Maltreatment by Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

To see if child sexual, physical, and psychological maltreatment are linked to adult suicidality, 114 college women completed measures of suicidality, reasons for living, incidence and impact of maltreatment. Women who reported sexual mallreatrnent in combination with other types of maltreafment were significandy more suicidal than those not maltreated or those who reported other types of maltreatment. Apparently, child sexual

Susan L. Bryant; Lillian M. Range

1996-01-01

150

College Student Migration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the background characteristics of two large national samples of first-time enrolled freshmen who (a) attended college within their state of residence but away from their home community, (b) migrated to a college in an adjacent state, (c) migrated to a college in a distant state, and (d) attended college in their home community.…

Fenske, R. H.; And Others

151

Dating Violence among College Students: Key Issues for College Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a review of literature examining dating violence among college students. They describe 6 key issues related to dating violence among college students that affect college counselors' work. These key issues relate to the incidence and prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychological violence in college students' dating…

Murray, Christine E.; Kardatzke, Kerrie N.

2007-01-01

152

Screening College Students for Hypercholesterolemia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes one college's mandatory mass cholesterol screening for new students. Each year, over 30 beginning students with unknown hypercholesterolemia were detected. The program suggests that mass screening efficiently and economically identifies students who would benefit from cholesterol reduction, a modifiable risk in coronary artery disease.…

Faigel, Harris C.

1992-01-01

153

Burnout, depression and suicidal ideation in dental students  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence, gender influence, and relationships between burnout, depression and suicidal ideation within the last year among second, fourth and fifth-year dental students. Study Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 dental students enrolled in the second, fourth and fifth years at the School of Dentistry of Seville using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and the MBI-Human Services Survey, the “Patient Health Questionnaire-2”, and the “Questions about Suicidal Ideation and Attempted Suicide”. Results: The response rate among dental students was 80%. Burnout prevalence in dental students was higher in second and fourth years than in fifth year (p= 0.059 and p= 0.003, respectively). Depression prevalence in the fourth year approached significance (p= 0.051). Prevalence of suicidal ideation within the past year was higher, yet not reaching significance, in fourth year. No gender-related differences were found. A significant association was observed between burnout and depression, and between depression and suicidal ideation (p< 0.001), but no association was found between burnout and suicidal ideation. Conclusions: This study has brought our attention to the high prevalence of burnout and depression, and reported for the first time the prevalence of suicidal ideation among dental students in preclinical and clinical years. Key words:Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, dental students.

Rios-Santos, Jose V.; Polo, Juan; Rios-Carrasco, Blanca; Bullon, Pedro

2014-01-01

154

Eating Disorder Symptomatology: Prevalence among Latino College Freshmen Students  

PubMed Central

Objective This study investigated the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms in first-year students at the University of Puerto Rico. Method Responses to the Bulimia Test Revised (BULIT-R), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were analyzed in a sample of 2,163 freshman students. Results The percentage of students at or above the clinical cut-off points was 3.24% for the BULIT-R, 9.59% for the EAT-26 and 1.88% met the cut-off point for both instruments. The 36.44% of the students who screen positive on eating disorders measures scored 18 or more on the BDI and 5.93% on this group presented high suicidal risk based on their responses to BDI items assessing suicidal thoughts. Discussion Eating disorder symptoms occur frequently in Puerto Rican college students, and prevention, detection, and treatment efforts are needed.

Reyes-Rodriguez, Mae Lynn; Franko, Debra L.; Matos-Lamourt, Anguelique; Bulik, Cynthia M.; Von Holle, Ann; Camara-Fuentes, Luis R.; Rodriguez-Anglero, Dianisa; Cervantes-Lopez, Sarah; Suarez-Torres, Alba

2010-01-01

155

College Students with ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... services get help with organizing their schedule and life succeed academically Most people with ADHD are diagnosed before college. However, some people may not recognize the signs and symptoms of ADHD until they are at college. Trying to balance school work and the freedom of living away from home ...

156

College Student Credit Card Usage and Debt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the concerns related to credit card usage by college students. Offers information student affairs professionals can use to help college students make responsible choices. (Contains 26 references.) (GCP)

Rybka, Kathryn M.

2001-01-01

157

Sibship size, birth order, and personality among Kuwaiti college students.  

PubMed

In a sample of 460 (103 men, 357 women) Kuwaiti college students (M age=21.9 yr., SD=3.0), scores on the Arabic Scale of Optimism and Pessimism, the Death Obsession Scale, the Arabic Scale of Obsession-Compulsion, the Kuwait University Anxiety Scale, the Taoist Orientation Scale, and the Suicidal Ideation Scale were not associated with sibship size and birth order. PMID:17958106

Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M; Lester, David

2007-08-01

158

College Students Cope With Color.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students who were preparing for service-oriented careers as teachers, social workers, nurses, and probation officers, were studied to determine whether the students held prejudicial attitudes based on skin color. Photographs of blacks and Caucasians, matched so that paired persons were of the same racial group, sex, and age level, and…

Sciara, Frank J.

159

Supporting First Generation College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seeking to help support first generation college students (FGCS), the University of Kentucky (UK) has developed new programming and initiatives in recent years aimed at enhancing institutional support for this student group. Among these efforts was the launch in 2009 of the First Scholars program at UK, a project funded by and affiliated with the Suder Foundation, which currently funds

Kelli Hutchens; Matthew Deffendall; Michael Peabody

2011-01-01

160

Parent Loss in College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two types of reaction of college students to parental loss are discussed: protracted grief resolved in therapy and incorporation of the loss into the student's self-concept leading to a distortion of perceptions. Therapeutic guidelines and strategies for treatment are outlined. (JMF)

Werner, Arnold; Jones, Michael D.

1979-01-01

161

Food Behavior of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed undergraduate college students (N=212) near completion of an introductory nutrition course to identify their patterns of food usage, changes in food habits, and previous nutrition background. Found one-half increased use of milk/milk products and one-half decreased fat and sugar. Cluster analysis indicated students could not be…

Hertzler, Ann A.; Frary, Robert B.

1989-01-01

162

Associations among Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations among depression, suicidal behaviors, and bullying and victimization experiences in 1491 high school students using data from the 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Results demonstrated that depression mediated the association between bullying/victimization and suicide attempts, but differently for males and females.…

Bauman, Sheri; Toomey, Russell B.; Walker, Jenny L.

2013-01-01

163

Student Suicide and Illinois' Small Schools: Breaking the Silence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among American youth aged 5-24, and small and rural school districts must recognize and address this growing phenomenon. A survey of 462 Illinois principals reported 133 student suicides during the 5-year study period. Small school districts comprised 6 percent of Illinois school districts yet reported…

Rittenmeyer, Steven D.

1999-01-01

164

Risk of Suicide Ideation Associated with Problem-Solving Ability and Attitudes Toward Suicidal Behavior in University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: The present paper investigates the risk of lifetime suicide ideation associated with problem-solving ability and attitudes toward suicidal behavior in a sample of 328 university students (41% male, 59% female). The response rate was 77% based on the total number of students registered for the relevant courses. A series of questions assessed lifetime suicide ideation, while problem solving and

Carmel McAuliffe; Paul Corcoran; Helen S. Keeley; Ivan J. Perry

2003-01-01

165

Burnout, depression and suicidal ideation in dental students.  

PubMed

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence, gender influence, and relationships between burnout, depression and suicidal ideation within the last year among second, fourth and fifth-year dental students. Study Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 dental students enrolled in the second, fourth and fifth years at the School of Dentistry of Seville using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and the MBI-Human Services Survey, the "Patient Health Questionnaire-2", and the "Questions about Suicidal Ideation and Attempted Suicide". Results: The response rate among dental students was 80%. Burnout prevalence in dental students was higher in second and fourth years than in fifth year (p = 0.059 and p = 0.003, respectively). Depression prevalence in the fourth year approached significance (p = 0.051). Prevalence of suicidal ideation within the past year was higher, yet not reaching significance, in fourth year. No gender-related differences were found. A significant association was observed between burnout and depression, and between depression and suicidal ideation (p < 0.001), but no association was found between burnout and suicidal ideation. Conclusions: This study has brought our attention to the high prevalence of burnout and depression, and reported for the first time the prevalence of suicidal ideation among dental students in preclinical and clinical years. PMID:24121916

Galán, F; Ríos-Santos, J-V; Polo, J; Rios-Carrasco, B; Bullón, P

2014-01-01

166

Student College Experiences Survey, Spring 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student College Experience Survey of Santa Barbara City College (California) is intended to determine students' levels of satisfaction with various aspects of the college life, including environment, instruction, and services. The survey also aims at determining student characteristics not available from the data collected through the student

Serban, Andreea M.; Spaulding, Scott

167

The Impact of Rock Videos and Music with Suicidal Content on Thoughts and Attitudes about Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments exposed college student volunteers to rock music with or without suicidal content. Music and videos with suicide content appeared to prime implicit cognitions related to suicide but did not affect variables associated with increased suicide risk. (Contains 60 references and 3 tables.) (Author/JBJ)

Rustad, Robin A.; Small, Jacob E.; Jobes, David A.; Safer, Martin A.; Peterson, Rebecca J.

2003-01-01

168

The Early College Challenge: Navigating Disadvantaged Students' Transition to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful early college high schools (ECHSs) are formed through partnerships between high schools and colleges (usually community colleges). Think of it as preparation through acceleration. ECHSs enroll disadvantaged students who have not excelled with ordinary grade-level academic content and have them take college courses while still in high…

Rosenbaum, James E.; Becker, Kelly Iwanaga

2011-01-01

169

Student Housing Market Analysis: Ketchikan Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 13-part report presents the results of a study to determine whether Ketchikan Community College (KCC) should provide student housing over the next 10 years. Section I introduces the purpose of the study, the college, the prevalence of college-supplied student housing at two-year colleges, and study methodology. Section II summarizes the major…

Fink (Ira) and Associates, Berkeley, CA.

170

College Students' Adjustment: The Role of Parent-College Student Expectation Discrepancies and Communication Reciprocity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents' influence on college students' adjustment is underestimated frequently. As college students often set goals based on their perceptions of their parents' expectations, discrepancies between college students' and their parents' expectations may be related to their adjustment. The purpose of this study was to examine parent-college student

Agliata, Allison Kanter; Renk, Kimberly

2008-01-01

171

Drinking Styles of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seeks to determine whether adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) on college campuses have a more problematic style of drinking compared with non-ACOAs. Results indicate ACOAs endorse more problematic drinking patterns. Discusses implications for counselors who undertake prevention and intervention for ACOA student population. (Author/JDM)

Mellott, Ramona N.; Swartz, Jody L.

1998-01-01

172

Sexual Attitudes of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the sexual attitudes of college students at a western Kansas university. The independent variables employed were gender, family structure, family sex communication, age, and classification. The dependent variables were the following subscales of sexual attitudes: permissiveness, sex practices, communion, and…

Etchison, Marilyn G.

173

Biculturalism among Indigenous College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Indigenous" college students in both Canada and the United States have the lowest rates of obtaining postsecondary degrees, and their postsecondary dropout rates are higher than for any other minority (Freeman & Fox, 2005; Mendelson, 2004; Reddy, 1993). There has been very little research done to uncover possible reasons for such low academic…

Miller, Colton D.

2011-01-01

174

Mental Health of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample of college sophomores was studied regarding their mental health status, mental health service use, and attitudes toward mental health professionals. Data were collected through home interviews and a search of the students' service records at the university. Mental health status was measured by the 22-item Midtown Mental Health Scale.Religious affiliation and performance satisfaction were both found to

Jeffrey O. Whitley

1979-01-01

175

Community College Student Personnel Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1967, the Institute for Advanced Study in Student Personnel Work in Junior Colleges and Technical Institutes decided to prepare a collaborative, interim textbook for their own use and that of future participants in the Institute. Working in teams of two or three, the members prepared the following chapters: (1) A philosophy for community…

MacLean, L.S., Ed.; Washington, R.O., Ed.

176

Parental Alienation Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 50 college students responded to a questionnaire measuring perceptions of alienating behaviors on the part of their parents and their current relationship with each parent. Data revealed a higher degree of alienating behavior by divorced parents when compared to non-divorced parents. Mothers and fathers were rated about equally likely to engage in such behaviors. A higher incidence

Aaron J. Hands; Richard A. Warshak

2011-01-01

177

Mushroom Use by College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 1,507 college students to investigate the extent of hallucinogenic mushroom use and compared mushroom users to nonusers. Results showed that among the respondents who reported use of hallucinogenic drugs (17 percent), over 85 percent had used hallucinogenic (psilocybin) mushrooms and over half had used mushrooms but no other…

Thompson, John P.; And Others

1985-01-01

178

Health Literacy in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the health literacy levels, and the potential importance of healthy literacy, of college students. Participants: Courses were randomly selected from all upper level undergraduate courses at a large Research I university to obtain a sample size of N = 399. Methods: During the 2007-2008 school year,…

Ickes, Melinda J.; Cottrell, Randall

2010-01-01

179

Dating jealousy among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study of dating jealousy, questionnaires were administered to 147 male and 189 female college students. Subjects were asked to rate how they would feel about their dating partner's behavior in five hypothetical situations designed to measure jealousy. Results indicate that females are more jealous than males over situations involving the partner spending time on a hobby or with

Gary L. Hansen

1985-01-01

180

Student Health and the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research and statistical surveys on student health services and problems at community colleges are reviewed to ascertain administrative attitudes, student health care needs, and areas for improvement. Providing health care for students is said to be generally overlooked by community college professionals who feel it should not be the college's…

Whitaker, Linda A.

181

Personality Preferences of College Student-Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College student-athletes face many unique role strains during their academic and athletic career, which may impact the way in which they understand themselves. This study was designed to explore whether college student-athletes have a different perceived personality preference than their non-athlete counterpart. Ninety-one college students took…

Reiter, Michael D.; Liput, Taylor; Nirmal, Rashmeen

2007-01-01

182

LGBT Students in the College Composition Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the concerns of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students in college writing classrooms. The researcher interviewed 37 college students and 11 faculty members from a variety of different types of colleges and universities. LGBT students stated concerns about their overall campus experiences, safety, and identity.…

Furrow, Hannah

2012-01-01

183

College Student Stress and Satisfaction with Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following study was performed to determine if general life satisfaction is negatively correlated with college student stress. We administered the satisfaction with life scale (Diener et al., 1985), college student stress scale (Feldt, 2008) and a brief demographics survey to a sample of college students at a regional southwestern university in…

Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio

2009-01-01

184

Do College Student Surveys Have Any Validity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the field of higher education, the majority of quantitative research focuses on college students. Given the limitations of institutional databases, surveys of college students have become one of the largest and most frequently used data sources. In addition, surveys of college students play an increasingly important role in evaluating…

Porter, Stephen R.

2010-01-01

185

Successful Community College Transfer Students Speak Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The community college as the entranceway into the baccalaureate degree is becoming a prevalent choice for students. This study was a qualitative approach to understanding attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge acquisition by successful community college transfer students. University students who transferred from a community college and were making…

Ellis, Martha M.

2013-01-01

186

Suicidal ideas during premenstrual phase  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of suicidal ideas and death wish among 296 women from urban, rural, industrial and college populations. Suicidal ideas and\\/or death wish during premenstrual period were reported by 30 (10%) subjects, more so among college students and industrial working women and less among housewives. Premenstrual symptoms, like depression, irritability, mood

Santosh K. Chaturvedi; Prabha S. Chandra; G. Gururaj; R. Dhanasekara Pandian; M. B. Beena

1995-01-01

187

Motivating Community College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides citations and abstracts of ERIC documents about societal, academic, and personal factors that influence student motivation. Includes research studies, teacher guides, program descriptions, and a research manual. (DMM)

Palmer, Jim

1982-01-01

188

Student Suicide: Could You Be Held Liable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two legal theories inspire suicide-related lawsuits: tort claims of negligence and constitutional claims based on due process. A well-known case illustrates a middle-schooler's suicide and a district's negligence. Liability factors include duty, foreseeability, special relationship, danger creation, and immunity/contributory negligence. (MLH)

Taylor, Kelley R.

2001-01-01

189

Do College Students Know How to Study?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This descriptive study assessed the strengths and weaknesses in college students' study skills as compared to other students across the country. Participants in this study included 40 students (27 women, 13 men, age M = 19.3, SD = 1.07) from a small, Christian liberal arts college in the Midwestern United States. The students completed the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory

Bethany L. Windschitl

190

College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

191

College Life through the Eyes of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The struggles and achievements of today's college students are thrown into stark relief in this fascinating account of how such students make meaning of their lives. Author Mary Grigsby uses the voices of students themselves to discuss how they view, adjust to, and participate in the college student culture of a large midwestern university and to…

Grigsby, Mary

2009-01-01

192

Financial Literacy among Israeli College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, responses of 574 students from two colleges in Israel were used to examine three issues: (a) financial literacy (FL) among Israeli college students, (b) gaps in FL between Jews and Arabs, and (c) factors affecting students' FL. The results showed that Israeli students exhibit a low level of FL and that FL is affected by gender,…

Shahrabani, Shosh

2013-01-01

193

Made in Florida: College Student Profiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page from the Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing (FLATE) features profiles of community and technical college students. Several nontraditional students are also profiled. Each narrative includes information on the student's chosen program of study and their thoughts. High school and community college students are encouraged to submit their profiles for the website.

2011-09-19

194

How High School Students Select a College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The college selection process used by high school students was studied and a paradigm that describes the process was developed, based on marketing theory concerning consumer behavior. Primarily college freshmen and high school seniors were interviewed, and a few high school juniors and upper-level college students were surveyed to determine…

Gilmour, Joseph E., Jr.; And Others

195

Between-College Effects on Students Reconsidered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the research on the effects of college on students that examines the influences of institutional characteristics--what Pascarella and Terenzini ("How college affects students: Findings and insights from twenty years of research". San Francisco: Jossey-Bass 1991) called "between-college" effects--indicate that the descriptors typically used…

Ro, Hyun Kyoung; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Yin, Alexander C.

2013-01-01

196

Purposeful Persistence: First Generation College Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate populations at colleges and universities have become increasingly diverse in recent years, and one of the greatest shifts has been the steadily increasing numbers of first generation college students (FGCS), students whose parents did not attend college. Studies of FGCS have concluded that retention is less likely for FGCS than…

Belcastro, Amy Terece

2009-01-01

197

International Students at Community Colleges. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest focuses on issues surrounding international students in American community colleges. According to a survey conducted in 1996 by the American Association of Community Colleges, 80% of community colleges indicated having international students on campus, and this enrollment is increasing. The Chronicle of Higher Education states that…

Lamkin, Anne

198

Physical Illness, Psychiatric Illness, and the Acceptability of Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed whether attitudes toward suicide vary as function of type of illness that precipitates suicide. College students (N=455) responded to scenarios of suicide victim. Evaluations of suicide were most favorable when it occurred in response to terminal physical illness; less favorable in response to chronic, non-terminal physical illness; and…

Deluty, Robert H.

1989-01-01

199

Lay Theories of Suicide: An Examination of Culturally Relevant Suicide Beliefs and Attributions among African Americans and European Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine African Americans' lay beliefs and attributions toward suicide. The Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale, Life Ownership Orientation Questionnaire, Stigma Questionnaire, and Suicide Ideation Questionnaire were administered to 251 undergraduate college students. Beliefs about stigma associated with suicide were…

Walker, Rheeda L.; Lester, David; Joe, Sean

2006-01-01

200

Money Management Knowledge of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of college students' money management knowledge examined student understanding of credit cards, insurance, personal loans, recordkeeping, and overall financial management. Student characteristics associated with differences in knowledge level were identifed. (MSE)

Danes, Sharon M.; Hira, Tahira K.

1987-01-01

201

Prevalence and predictors of suicidal behavior among Mongolian high school students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of suicidal behavior among Mongolian high school students. Females were more likely to have suicidal behavior than males. No close friends, feelings of loneliness, insomnia, self perception of underweight or overweight, carrying a weapon were significant predictors of students' suicidal behavior. Missing school without permission, being bullied and going hungry were also important risk factors of suicidal ideation. Families and Schools are important environments to prevent high students' suicide. Improving students' psychological well being, quality of relationship with people, and support resources are critical to prevent suicidal behavior. PMID:24282032

Altangerel, Uyanga; Liou, Jenn-Chang; Yeh, Pi-Ming

2014-04-01

202

Physician Assisted Suicide: Knowledge and Views of Fifth-Year Medical Students in Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide and assisted suicide are not criminal acts in Germany. However, attempting suicide may create a legal duty for physicians to try to save a patient's life. This study presents data on medical students' legal knowledge and ethical views regarding physician assisted suicide (PAS). The majority of 85 respondents held PAS to be illegal. More…

Schildmann, Jan; Herrmann, Eva; Burchardi, Nicole; Schwantes, Ulrich; Vollmann, Jochen

2006-01-01

203

Rethinking the Roles of Mentor and Mentee in the Context of Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student suicides and attempted suicides are on the rise globally, and the numbers continue to climb steeply in most Westernized countries. School personnel remain untrained and uninformed in the area of suicide; few teachers or administrators can accurately identify the characteristics of suicidal behavior and fewer still have any knowledge of…

Rishel, Teresa J.

2006-01-01

204

Student Heterogeneity and Diversity at Catholic Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine structural diversity at Catholic colleges; more specifically, the variation in the student body diversity characteristics of a sample of freshman students matriculated at Catholic colleges. For the purpose of this article, diversity characteristics include background characteristics associated with student

Elliott, Diane Cardenas

2012-01-01

205

Do College Student Surveys Have Any Validity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using standards established for validation research, I review the theory and evidence underlying the validity argument of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE). I use the NSSE because it is the preeminent survey of college students, arguing that if it lacks validity, then so do almost all other college student surveys. I find that it…

Porter, Stephen R.

2011-01-01

206

Foreign Students and U. S. Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature dealing with the role of two-year colleges in educating foreign students. Examines community college enrollment of foreign students since the 1960s and explores related concerns in the areas of admissions, student finances, language skills, advisement, and cultural differences. Recommends several institutional responses to these…

Diener, Thomas

1980-01-01

207

College Students' Responses to New Communication Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the risks associated with increased reliance upon technology, including e-mail, instant messages, and cellular phones. Subjects were undergraduate college students ranging in age from 17 to 29. A sample of 40 students was taken from a small liberal arts college in Pennsylvania. A second sample of 25 engineering students was…

Vicario, Terra; Henninger, Erica; Austin, Megan; Chambliss, Catherine

208

Do College Student Surveys Have Any Validity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Using standards established for validation research, I review the theory and evidence underlying the validity argument of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE). I use the NSSE because it is the preeminent survey of college students, arguing that if it lacks validity, then so do almost all other college student surveys. I find that it fails to meet basic

Stephen R. Porter

2011-01-01

209

Do College Student Surveys Have Any Validity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using standards established for validation research, I review the theory and evidence underlying the validity argument of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE). I use the NSSE because it is the preeminent survey of college students, arguing that if it lacks validity, then so do almost all other college student surveys. I find that it fails to meet basic

Stephen R. Porter

2011-01-01

210

INTERACTION BETWEEN THE STUDENT AND COLLEGE ENVIRONMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A THEORETICAL SCHEME WAS DISCUSSED FOR MATCHING STUDENTS TO COLLEGES THROUGH THE USE OF A DIRECTORY WHICH COULD CONTAIN PROFILES OF STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS AND OF COLLEGE ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS. EACH PROFILE WOULD CARRY A DESIGNATED INDEX NUMBER FACTORED FROM THE INPUT OF GIVEN CHARACTERISTIC VARIABLES. WHEN USED BY THE STUDENT AND HIS…

CREAGER, JOHN A.

211

The Black Student's Guide to Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A guide for college-bound black students, which was researched and largely written by Brown University students, presents essays, book reviews, a glossary, and profiles of black colleges. The narrative section and authors are as follows: "A Collegiate Glossary" (Matthew Rose); "The Application Process" (Marvin Campbell); "Update: Federal Student

Beckham, Barry, Ed.

212

How Do Underage College Students Get Alcohol?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alcohol consumption and related problems are common among underage college students, yet qualitative, in-depth information on how/where these students obtain alcohol is limited. We conducted focus groups pertaining to access to alcohol and related issues with 19 underage college students. They reported that alcohol is easy to obtain from a variety…

Fabian, Lindsey E. A.; Toomey, Traci L.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Erickson, Darin J.

2008-01-01

213

Identifying Benefit Segments among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using concept of market segmentation (dividing market into distinct groups requiring different product benefits), surveyed 398 college students to determine benefit segments among students selecting a college to attend and factors describing each benefit segment. Identified one major segment of students (classroomers) plus three minor segments…

Brown, Joseph D.

1991-01-01

214

Alcohol drinking among college students: college responsibility for personal troubles  

PubMed Central

Background One young adult in two has entered university education in Western countries. Many of these young students will be exposed, during this transitional period, to substantial changes in living arrangements, socialisation groups, and social activities. This kind of transition is often associated with risky behaviour such as excessive alcohol consumption. So far, however, there is little evidence about the social determinants of alcohol consumption among college students. We set out to explore how college environmental factors shape college students' drinking behaviour. Methods In May 2010 a web questionnaire was sent to all bachelor and master students registered with an important Belgian university; 7,015 students participated (participation?=?39%). The survey looked at drinking behaviour, social involvement, college environmental factors, drinking norms, and positive drinking consequences. Results On average each student had 1.7 drinks a day and 2.8 episodes of abusive drinking a month. We found that the more a student was exposed to college environmental factors, the greater the risk of heavy, frequent, and abusive drinking. Alcohol consumption increased for students living on campus, living in a dormitory with a higher number of room-mates, and having been in the University for a long spell. Most such environmental factors were explained by social involvement, such as participation to the student folklore, pre-partying, and normative expectations. Conclusions Educational and college authorities need to acknowledge universities’ responsibility in relation to their students’ drinking behaviour and to commit themselves to support an environment of responsible drinking.

2013-01-01

215

Suicidal behavior and attitudes in Slovak and Turkish high school students: a cross-cultural investigation.  

PubMed

Suicidal behavior and its variation across social contexts are of importance for the science of suicidology. Due to its special character controlled experimental studies on suicide are ruled out for ethical reasons. Cross-cultural studies may throw light on the etiology of both suicidal behavior and its cross-cultural variation. The present study compared suicidal behavior and attitudes in 423 Slovak and 541 Turkish high school students by means of a self-report questionnaire. The two groups reported similar percentages (Slovak = 36.4%; Turkish = 33.8%) of lifetime, past 12-months or current suicidal ideation but significantly more Turkish (12.2%) than Slovak (4.8%) students reported lifetime or past 12-months suicide attempts. Slovak adolescents displayed more liberal and permissive attitudes toward suicide, while those of Turkish adolescents were more rejecting. Turkish students rated themselves to be more religious and hence they believed to a greater extent that suicidal persons would be punished in a life after death than their Slovak peers. However, attitudes of Turkish students toward an imagined suicidal close friend were more accepting than the attitudes of Slovak students. Comparison of suicidal and nonsuicidal students revealed that those reporting suicidal ideation or attempts were more accepting of suicide and viewed suicide as a solution to a greater extent than the nonsuicidal ones. The results from this study suggest that cultural factors play a role in suicidal behavior, attitudes and reactions in a predicted direction. PMID:24350593

Eskin, Mehmet; Palova, Eva; Krokavcova, Martina

2014-01-01

216

Cigarette Use among Young Adults: Comparisons between 2-Year College Students, 4-Year College Students, and Those Not in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine cigarette smoking among young adults based on education status. Participants: Community-based sample of 2,694 young adults in the United States Methods: The authors compared 3 groups--those not in college with no college degree, 2-year college students/graduates, 4-year college students/graduates--on various smoking measures:…

Lenk, Kathleen; Rode, Peter; Fabian, Lindsey; Bernat, Debra; Klein, Elizabeth; Forster, Jean

2012-01-01

217

Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... about suicide or harming yourself, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (8255) . Learn the ... mental health treatment. You can call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline , or call 911. Return to top More ...

218

Institutionalizing College Networks for Student Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores concepts of college "networking" in the context of improving student retention and success, including student-to-student networks, faculty-to-faculty networks, faculty-to-student networks, institution-to-student networks, institution-to-faculty/staff networks, and institution-to-local community networks. Considers the need to address…

Calder, William B.; Gordon, William

1999-01-01

219

Universities urged to train all students in suicide prevention.  

PubMed

NURSES AT the RCN congress last month overwhelmingly backed a resolution calling on universities to make suicide-prevention training a part of every pre-registration nursing course, not only those for students studying the mental health branch. PMID:24984725

2014-07-01

220

Suicide and Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: What Special Educators Need to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is the third leading cause of death in individuals ages 10 to 24. Researchers approximate that 17% to 29% of secondary school students seriously consider suicide and 8% attempt suicide. Students diagnosed with a disability may be at an even higher level of risk than their general education peers. Clearly knowing how to identify and how to…

Wachter, Carrie A.; Bouck, Emily C.

2008-01-01

221

Trapped in Transition: Findings from a UK Study of Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of student suicide within UK higher education directs attention to the community context of suicide. A modified psychological autopsy approach was used to explore 20 case studies of student suicide from the period 2000-2005, drawing on the perspectives of family members, friends and university staff. The study identifies features of the…

Stanley, Nicky; Mallon, Sharon; Bell, Jo; Manthorpe, Jill

2009-01-01

222

A Suicide and Its Aftermath.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how the latest in a series of suicides at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology raises a delicate question: How deeply should a college involve itself in looking after the mental health of its students? (EV)

Farrell, Elizabeth F.

2002-01-01

223

College Students with Learning Disabilities: A Student's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is intended to help parents and students better understand the nature of learning disabilities at the college level and to help faculty and staff involved with learning-disabled students in higher education programs. The personal story of a female college student with a learning disability appears on the left-hand side of each…

Wren, Carol; Segal, Laura

224

Adjustment to College in Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine college adjustment in students reporting an ADHD diagnosis and the effect of medication treatment on students' adjustment. Method: 1,648 first-semester freshmen attending a public and a private university completed a Web-based survey to examine their adjustment to college. Results: Compared with 200 randomly selected control…

Rabiner, David L.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Costello, Jane; Hoyle, Rick H.; Swartzwelder, H. Scott

2008-01-01

225

Marketing Your College Music Program to Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests the use of time-proven marketing methods to attract high school students to college music programs and keep them interested in the music program. Explores facets of the college and the program that draw students, including reputation, location, costs, and program content. (LS)

Kelly, Steven N.

1988-01-01

226

College Students' Attitudes toward Their ADHD Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The attitudes of college students with and without ADHD toward peers with ADHD were examined. Method: A total of 196 college students (30 diagnosed with ADHD) anonymously completed four attitude measures. General analyses of attitudes toward peers with ADHD as well as comparisons between those with and without ADHD are made. Results:…

Chew, Brandi L.; Jensen, Scott A.; Rosen, Lee A.

2009-01-01

227

Student Ethnic Diversity at Parkland College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist Illinois' Parkland College (PC) in its efforts to provide equal educational opportunities to minority group students, a study was conducted examining enrollment rates for minority group students from 1986-1990 as compared to the United States census district population and to statewide two-year college enrollments. In addition, the study…

Hecht, Alfred

228

College Students and Awareness of Food Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Microbial foodborne illnesses are a public health problem in the United States. Americans are patronizing restaurants three or more times a week and college students are frequently employed in food service; therefore, this study assessed compliance with and awareness of food safety recommendations among 460 college students. Compliance was…

McArthur, Laura H.; Holbert, Donald; Forsythe, William A., III

2007-01-01

229

The American College Student Cell Phone Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study of cell phone use among college students. This group is considered particularly important because college students tend to be among the first to try new technology, are the group most likely to innovate new ways of using existing technology, and are most vocal about what they need and/or want to see changed…

Emanuel, Richard C.

2013-01-01

230

Concerns of college students regarding business ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although some attention has been devoted to assessing the attitudes and concerns of businesspeople toward ethics, relatively little attention has focused on the attitudes and concerns of tomorrow's business leaders, today's college students. In this investigation a national sample was utilized to study college students' attitudes toward business ethics, with the results being analyzed by academic classification, academic major, and

Richard F. Beltramini; Robert A. Peterson; George Kozmetsky

1984-01-01

231

Social anxiety and drinking in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence is reviewed that indicates that social anxiety is a significant motivation for drinking among college students. Although the link between social anxiety and alcohol consumption has been studied from a variety of perspectives, there has been little integration of data. Drawing from the alcohol and anxiety literature, the relationship between social anxiety and heavy drinking in college students is

Randy S Burke; Robert S Stephens

1999-01-01

232

College Student Self-Care Diary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this docoment is to help college students maintain health by keeping a weekly diary of health related behaviors including diet, exercise, and stress levels. In addition each weekly entry presents a self-care tip for health improvement. Discussions of the college student and health, health and lifestyle, instructions on use of the…

Greenberg, Jerrold S.; Dintiman, George B.

233

The Superstitions of Today's College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents a study of superstitious notions and their role in the lives and activities of college students. The study was based on assumptions. On the whole, superstitions are widely prevalent among college students, but the superstitions that occur the most frequently are connected with final exams. The main motive for…

Saenko, Iu. V.

2005-01-01

234

Perceptual Differences between Hippies and College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptual differences were investigated between 50 college students who were non-drug users and 50 hippies who used LSD. The major hypothesis predicted was that hippies would score differently from college students in a specific direction on each of the perceptual tasks. (Author)

Brothers, Robert; Gaines, Rosslyn

1973-01-01

235

Student Reactions to College. Directions. Appendix C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the final questionnaire developed to ascertain Student Reactions to College from Junior College Students. The items in the questionnaire relate to the following: Sex, Age, Marital Status, Living Arrangements, Employment, Ethnic Group, When Classes Are Attended, Number of Credit Hours Enrolled, Previous Semesters or Quarters Completed at…

Warren, Jonathan R.; Roelfs, Pamela J.

236

College students, tattoos, and sexual activity.  

PubMed

This research examined the association of having a tattoo and engaging in premarital sexual intercourse. Data gathered from a convenience sample of 450 college students indicated that tattooed respondents were substantively and significantly more likely to be sexually active than nontattooed college students. Tattooed men became sexually active at a significantly earlier age than nontattooed men but no such difference was found between tattooed and nontattooed college women. PMID:16512308

Koch, Jerome R; Roberts, Alden E; Armstrong, Myrna L; Owen, Donna C

2005-12-01

237

Distance and Intrastate College Student Migration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most studies of student migration focus on "interstate" migration of college students, largely because the aggregate data typically used are limited in geographic specificity to states. However, interstate migration is only a small part of the total student migration. Public institutions generally get most of their students from within their…

Alm, James; Winters, John V.

2009-01-01

238

Student Input in College Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Engaging students in making decisions, especially those that directly impact student life, benefits the institution and the students themselves. Students are often asked to evaluate faculty, courses, campus services, and their overall college experience, but their opinions are more rarely solicited for input about new institutional initiatives.…

Schwartz, Celeste M.; Craig, Emory M.; Trzeciak, Jeff; Little, Julie K.; Diaz, Veronica

2008-01-01

239

Teacher Greetings Increase College Students' Test Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study is an extension of a previous investigation dealing with teacher greetings to students. The present investigation used teacher greetings with college students and academic performance (test scores). We report data using university students and in-class test performance. Students in introductory psychology who received teachers'…

Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio; Alexander, Ralph; Stewart, Megan

2009-01-01

240

International Students as Teachers in College Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foreign students enrolled in colleges and universities in the United States represent a broad range of cultures and could provide the intercultural experiences and wider world view that American students need. At present, however, interaction between these foreign students and their American classmates is minimal. A survey of foreign student

Cohen, Marlene

241

The meanings of suicidal behaviour to psychology students in Ghana: a qualitative approach.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine psychology students' attitudes toward suicidal behaviour and the meanings they assign to the act. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 final year psychology students at a university in Ghana. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyze the data. The results indicated that the students had a generalized negative attitude toward suicide. Religious beliefs and family harmony are cultural contexts influencing the interpretation of suicidal behaviour as breach of divine and communal moralities. The implications of these meanings of suicidal behaviour for suicide prevention in Ghana are discussed. PMID:22021107

Osafo, Joseph; Hjelmeland, Heidi; Akotia, Charity S; Knizek, Birthe Loa

2011-11-01

242

Academic Dishonesty: Are Business Students Different from Other College Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors investigated academic dishonesty and how business students stand on the issue as compared with other college students. They found in their study that nonbusiness students are more likely to cheat than are business students. In general, students who are members of Greek social organizations, undergraduates, male, and…

Iyer, Rajesh; Eastman, Jacqueline K.

2006-01-01

243

Student Leadership Development within Student Government at Snow College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the leadership development process of former student leaders at Snow College. More specifically, the study focused on understanding how, when, and where leadership development took place in their "lived experience" within the student government at Snow College (Van Manen, 1998). Examining the lived…

Wilson, Gordon Ned

2010-01-01

244

Gender-Specific Risk Factors for Suicidality Among High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined differences in three major risk areas associated with suicidality (suicidal ideation and suicide attempts) separately by gender: 1) substance use, 2) aggression\\/victimization, and 3) risky sexual behaviors. This study is a secondary data analysis of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance (YRBS) survey, consisting of data collected from a nationally representative sample of high school students. Early alcohol

Jennifer A. Epstein; Anthony Spirito

2010-01-01

245

“Our College Is Changing”: Women's College Student Affairs Administrators and Transgender Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student affairs administrators at contemporary American women's colleges are charged with supporting the personal, intellectual, and relational growth of students. A small but vocal group of students who identify as transgender and who are living as male, genderqueer, or transitioning to live as male, have emerged as a visible subpopulation in highly selective women's colleges. In this qualitative, phenomenological study

Susan B. Marine

2011-01-01

246

Bullying in College by Students and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored bullying in college by students and teachers. The reports of a sample of 1,025 undergraduates indicated that 24.7% had seen students bully other students occasionally and 2.8% very frequently, 5% had been bullied by students occasionally and 1.1% very frequently, 12.8% had seen teachers bully students occasionally and 1.9% very…

Chapell, Mark; Casey, Diane; De la Cruz, Carmen; Ferrell, Jennifer; Forman, Jennifer; Lipkin, Randi; Newsham, Megan; Sterling, Michael; Whittaker, Suzanne

2004-01-01

247

Suicidal ideation among medical students and young physicians: a nationwide and prospective study of prevalence and predictors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite an increased risk of suicide among physicians we lack studies on prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation among medical students and young doctors. Method: A prospective study of Norwegian medical students (n=522) re-examined after the first postgraduate year, comprising suicidal thoughts and attempts, perceived study stress, job stress, and personality. Results: The previous year prevalence of suicidal thoughts

Reidar Tyssen; Per Vaglum; Nina T. Grønvold; Øivind Ekeberg

2001-01-01

248

Sex of child preferences among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In both 1985 and 1988, college student preferences for the sex of an only child were examined using social surveys. For both years, it was found that male students strongly prefer a male child, but that female students moderately prefer a female child. Gender of respondent accounted for most of the sex preference difference. The sex role attitude of agreement

William S. Pooler

1991-01-01

249

Community College Reading Students: Data and Demographics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at Mott Community College to assess the effectiveness of developmental courses in preparing students to meet prerequisite reading skill requirements. Files for all 362 students who took a reading course in fall 1988 provided the data for the study. Study findings included the following: (1) 85% of the students completed the…

Reinertson, Jacquelyn

250

Southwestern College Student Profile, Fall 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to inform the governing board, administration, faculty and staff about the general characteristics of students served by Southwestern College (SWC), this annual student profile examines a number of demographic and educational characteristics of fall 1990 students. First, introductory sections provide an overview of demographic and…

Southwestern Coll., Chula Vista, CA.

251

Help Your Students Nail that College Audition!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on how music teachers can assist high school students to prepare for a college audition and to select the right music program. Explains what audition committees look for in music students. Includes tips teachers can share with their students on program selection and the audition. (CMK)

Keating, Andrea

2003-01-01

252

Native Hawaiian Community College Students: What Happens?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a weighted database of approximately 3,000 students, this study involves the tracing of the postsecondary history of 2,516 students who identified as Native Hawaiian, graduated from high school between 1993 and 1995, and attended college. Virtually none of the students are 100% Hawaiian. Due to a long history of intermarriage, the Hawaiian race is almost entirely a mixture of

Linda Serra Hagedorn; Jaime Lester; Hye Sun Moon; Katherine Tibbetts

2006-01-01

253

Educating College Students of the Net Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty and administrators of higher education today face a challenge with their student populations, many of whom are part of what is known as the net generation. As students become more technologically advanced, faculty must be technologically ready to meet the needs of students. Many college faculty and administrators are from earlier…

Worley, Karen

2011-01-01

254

Flirting between college students and faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently the question of sexual interaction between students and educators has emerged as a significant social issue. In order to determine the purpose and consequences of one form of sexual interaction between students and faculty, namely, flirting, a questionnaire was mailed to 391 students attending a private college in the midwest. This questionnaire asked subjects a number of fixed?choice questions

David L. Rowland; Larry J. Crisler; Donna J. Cox

1982-01-01

255

Attitudes towards suicide among medical students: comparison between Madras (India) and Vienna (Austria)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes towards suicide among medical students in Madras (India) and Vienna (Austria) were compared using the SUIATT questionnaire\\u000a by Diekstra and Kerkhof (1989). Results show a very restrictive attitude in Madras, rejecting the right to commit suicide,\\u000a nearly always judging suicide as a cowardly act, and rejecting the idea of assisted suicide. On the other hand, in Vienna\\u000a a more

E. Etzersdorfer; L. Vijayakumar; W. Schöny; A. Grausgruber; G. Sonneck

1998-01-01

256

Risk Factors for Suicidality Among a Nationally Representative Sample of High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance data (n = 13,917) of high school students, we examined the association between four domains of risk factors (alcohol\\/drug use, aggression, HIV risk-related behaviors, and health problems) and indicators of suicidality (considering a suicide attempt, making a plan to at- tempt suicide, and actually attempting suicide). Logistic regressions showed that drug use (e.g.,

Jennifer A. Epstein; Anthony Spirito

2009-01-01

257

Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... to get help for yourself. RESOURCETELEPHONESERVICE DESCRIPTION National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 1-800-273-TALK (8255) They provide ... to the nearest crisis center to you. Veterans Suicide Prevention Hotline 1-800-273-TALK, press ?1? when ...

258

Minor Hassles in Community College Student Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades, academic stress--the pressures, frustrations and hassles associated with all aspects of college life--has gained increased attention in the literature. In this grant-funded study, a group of 161 students at an urban Northeastern community college took a comprehensive survey. The survey included questions about their…

Ryan, Tracey E.

2009-01-01

259

Accommodation Strategies of College Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students with disabilities develop and utilize strategies to facilitate their learning experiences due to their unique academic needs. Using a semi-structured interview technique to collect data and a technique based in grounded theory to analyze this data, the purpose of this study was to discern the meaning of disclosure for college

Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Lechtenberger, DeAnn; Lan, William Y.

2010-01-01

260

How College Students Spend Their Time Communicating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to assess how college students spend their time communicating and what impact, if any, communications devices may be having on how that time is spent. Undergraduates (N = 696) at four southeastern colleges were surveyed. Results revealed that listening comprises 55.4% of the total average communication day followed by reading…

Emanuel, Richard; Adams, Jim; Baker, Kim; Daufin, E. K.; Ellington, Coke; Fitts, Elizabeth; Himsel, Jonathan; Holladay, Linda; Okeowo, David

2008-01-01

261

Student Development in Tribal Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tribal colleges play a powerful role in the personal development as well as the academic development of American Indian students. By providing access, exposure to native culture, personal support, preparation for further education, and a sense of empowerment, tribal colleges are influential in advancing self-awareness, interpersonal sensitivity,…

Guardia, Juan R.; Evans, Nancy

2008-01-01

262

Values and Drug Use Among College Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One hundred three junior college students were administered questionnaires obtaining information about illicit drug use and selected personality variables from Rotter's Social Learning Theory (Rotter, 1954). It was hypothesized that nonusers would place h...

R. D. Hindelang

1978-01-01

263

Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

Suicide is the tenth most common cause of death in the United States. People may consider suicide when they are hopeless and can't see ... event. People who have the highest risk of suicide are white men. But women and teens report ...

264

Adequacy of Fluid Intake Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose in this research is to determine the beverage consumption preferences and adequacy of fluid intake of college students who reside in residence halls. Research questionnaires where placed in mail boxes of 1,000 randomly selected college students during the fall of 1994. Data collected (N=317; 31% response) were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, t-tests, Analysis of Variance and Duncan's Multiple

A. L. Dennis; L. L. Ebro; J. G. Groves

1995-01-01

265

Web-Based Depression Screening and Psychiatric Consultation for College Students: A Feasibility and Acceptability Study  

PubMed Central

Background. A steady rise in the prevalence of depression among college students has negatively affected student quality of life. This study investigates the feasibility and acceptability of a Web-based model, including Skype, to screen and provide psychiatric consultation to depressed college students. Methods. Students completed the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) online; those who screened positive (PHQ-9???10) or endorsed any level of suicidal ideation were offered Web-based psychiatric consultation using Skype. After the consultation, students filled out a 7-item satisfaction questionnaire to report on the acceptability of this Web-based method. Results. A total of 972 students consented to the online depression screening and 285 screened positive. Of those, 69 students consented and 17 students successfully completed the psychiatric consultation via Skype. Thirteen (76.4%) students found the interview useful in helping them understand their depression. Fifteen (88.2%) students thought that psychologists and psychiatrists could successfully see patients via videoconferencing. Conclusions. Current online technologies can provide depression screening and psychiatric consultation to college students; those who participated reported a positive experience. Future studies will need to address the low levels of participation among college students and attract students who are underserved, as well as use a videoconferencing platform that adequately protects data confidentiality.

Williams, Aya; LaRocca, Rachel; Chang, Trina; Trinh, Nhi-Ha; Fava, Maurizio

2014-01-01

266

Web-based depression screening and psychiatric consultation for college students: a feasibility and acceptability study.  

PubMed

Background. A steady rise in the prevalence of depression among college students has negatively affected student quality of life. This study investigates the feasibility and acceptability of a Web-based model, including Skype, to screen and provide psychiatric consultation to depressed college students. Methods. Students completed the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) online; those who screened positive (PHQ-9???10) or endorsed any level of suicidal ideation were offered Web-based psychiatric consultation using Skype. After the consultation, students filled out a 7-item satisfaction questionnaire to report on the acceptability of this Web-based method. Results. A total of 972 students consented to the online depression screening and 285 screened positive. Of those, 69 students consented and 17 students successfully completed the psychiatric consultation via Skype. Thirteen (76.4%) students found the interview useful in helping them understand their depression. Fifteen (88.2%) students thought that psychologists and psychiatrists could successfully see patients via videoconferencing. Conclusions. Current online technologies can provide depression screening and psychiatric consultation to college students; those who participated reported a positive experience. Future studies will need to address the low levels of participation among college students and attract students who are underserved, as well as use a videoconferencing platform that adequately protects data confidentiality. PMID:24799895

Williams, Aya; Larocca, Rachel; Chang, Trina; Trinh, Nhi-Ha; Fava, Maurizio; Kvedar, Joseph; Yeung, Albert

2014-01-01

267

College students' attitudes and knowledge of AIDS.  

PubMed

To determine attitudes and knowledge of AIDS, a survey was conducted among students at the Gondar College of Medical Sciences, Gondar, Ethiopia. One hundred sixty four new incoming students (115 males, 49 females) in all departments in 1990-91 academic year provided information. The results reveal that 40% of the students have experienced sexual intercourse. Their knowledge of AIDS was adequate and comparable with other college and high school students, but the majority of those who practice sex do not use condoms and a fifth have had a sexual contact with a high risk individual. PMID:8287857

Teka, T

1993-10-01

268

College Student Notions of Computer Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two surveys of college students were conducted to study the students' perceptions and knowledge of computer science as a profession and as a career. Ignorance of the field was consistently observed in both samples. Students with an aptitude for computing tend to blame their high schools, media, and society for their lack of knowledge. These findings suggest that high school students need to be provided with a more balanced perspective on computing.

Ruslanov, Anatole D.; Yolevich, Andrew P.

2011-08-01

269

Nursing students' expectations of the college experience.  

PubMed

Nursing students' expectations of college have not received much attention in the empirical literature. These expectations may be important in better understanding nurses' motivations, role acquisition, and academic and professional success. The first study discussed in this article examined the reliability and construct validity of an instrument designed to assess students' (N = 95) expectations of their college experience. The results indicate good reliability and validity. The second study discussed in this article examined differences in expectations, comparing nursing and non-nursing students (N = 160) in an urban college setting. The results suggest expectations emphasizing practical and professional aspects (i.e., acquiring a profession, earning more money), followed by self-betterment and social life expectations. Nursing students differed from non-nursing students by reporting higher self-betterment and professional expectations but lower academic expectations. Implications for application and further research are discussed. PMID:18792705

Zysberg, Leehu; Zisberg, Anna

2008-09-01

270

Defining College Readiness from the Inside Out: First-Generation College Student Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides understanding of college readiness from the perspectives of older first-generation college students who transferred from community colleges. Results indicate that life experiences contribute to academic skills, time management, goal focus, and self-advocacy. Research is recommended to improve nontraditional student advising and placement, community college-to-university transfer, and college reading instruction.

Kathleen L. Byrd; Ginger Macdonald

2005-01-01

271

The Cost of Being Perfect: Perfectionism and Suicide Ideation in University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between dimensions of perfectionism and suicide ideation in a tertiary student population in Australia.Method: The methodology involved 405 students completing the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) which includes a subset of questions which can be used to assess suicide ideation, and the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale.Results: The presence of suicide ideation

Teresa K. Hamilton; Robert D. Schweitzer

2000-01-01

272

Tracking Community College Transfers Using National Student Clearinghouse Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study shows how community colleges can track almost all of their own students who transfer into both public and private colleges and across state lines using the National Student Clearinghouse (NSC) database. It utilizes data from the student information systems of Broome Community College, New York; Cayuga Community College, New York; the…

Romano, Richard M.; Wisniewski, Martin

273

Retention of Community College Students: Related Student and Institutional Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public community colleges were established to improve access to higher education. However, access for all often results in low student retention and in the loss of effort, time, and money for students and institutions. This institutional specific retention study, which examined student factors, both demographic and academic, and institutional…

Craig, Alfred J.; Ward, Cynthia V. L.

2008-01-01

274

College Student Concerns: Perceptions of Student Affairs Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to increase awareness of the perceptions of student affairs professionals regarding the most frequent and challenging concerns facing college students today. Using the Delphi method, 159 entry-level and mid-level student affairs administrators from institutions across the country were surveyed about their perceptions…

Reynolds, Amy L.

2013-01-01

275

Are Students Ready for College? What Student Engagement Data Say  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How realistic are high school students' educational aspirations? Reviewing the findings of the High School Survey of Student Engagement, Ms. McCarthy and Mr. Kuh note a troubling mismatch between the academic habits of many high school students and what will be expected of them in college. (Contains 1 figure and 19 endnotes.)

McCarthy, Martha; Kuh, George D.

2006-01-01

276

ADHD in College Students: Developmental Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the American Psychiatric Association [DSM-IV-TR, 2000], Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects approximately 3-7% of the school aged population and 2-4% of the adult population. Recently, college students with ADHD have begun to receive more attention, largely due to the increase in numbers of high school students

Weyandt, Lisa L.; DuPaul, George J.

2008-01-01

277

Objecting To Dissection: A College Student's Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a number of states, students from kindergarten through high school have won the right to refuse to dissect or kill animals and the right to substitute an alternative project. This booklet was designed to help college science students take an ethical stand by refusing to participate in dissection exercises. The booklet begins with an overview of…

National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

278

Qualitative Description of College Students' Dinner Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To discover how college students conduct dinner groups and perceptions of the benefits and difficulties of participation. Design: Qualitative study conducted with 7 focus groups. Setting and Participants: A university campus, with 36 students participating in dinner groups, defined as a group of 3 people or more cooking for one another…

Ball, Brita; Brown, Lora Beth

2012-01-01

279

Student Mobility between Ontario's Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The movement of students between postsecondary institutions is becoming increasingly common and has created a need for greater emphasis on postsecondary education (PSE) pathways. This report outlines the available data on postsecondary student mobility within Ontario, with a focus on mobility between Ontario's colleges and universities. For…

Colleges Ontario, 2009

2009-01-01

280

Student Outcomes Study. Olympic College Program Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A follow-up study was conducted of students who had attended Olympic College (OC), in Washington, in fall 1990. A questionnaire was sent to a stratified random sample of 647 students, 3 years after their 1990 enrollment. A total of 390 responses were received for a 60.3% response rate. Respondents were divided into the following four groups, based…

Langan, A. Bud; Keeler, Laura

281

Learning about Learning Disabled College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information in this paper is presented to help college instructors identify and assist learning disabled (LD) students. The paper first explains what learning disabilities are, emphasizing that while LD students exhibit a discrepancy between apparent learning ability and actual academic achievement, they are not mentally retarded or emotionally…

Spalding, Norma V.

282

Perceptions of Stress in Undergraduate College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered College Student Stress Inventory to 347 undergraduates to determine students' perceptions of stress. Perceived stressors most often reported were pressure over academic grades, not enough time to accomplish personal needs, concern over the future, financial problems, concern over meaning and purpose of life, concern over physical…

Gray, Glenn P.; Rottmann, Leon H.

1988-01-01

283

College Football Players: The New Nontraditional Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus on the collegiate careers of student athletes continues to grow within the community of higher education. As the focus has been centered on academic performance, a growing concern is evolving for the overall experience student athletes obtain in a higher education setting. As the focus on college experience gains momentum, higher…

Godfrey, Michael Gary

2010-01-01

284

The Videogame and the College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' activities and personality characteristics associated with video game use were studied using existing theories about the effects of television as a framework. A three-part questionnare was given to 275 students enrolled in introductory communication classes at a large, midwestern university to gather data on: (1) the…

D'Alessio, Dave; And Others

285

College Students, Diversity, and Community Service Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Over the past two decades, more than 200 studies have been published on the effects of community service learning on university students. However, the majority of these studies have focused on the effects of such programming on White and affluent college students, and few have considered whether there are differential effects…

Seider, Scott; Huguley, James P.; Novick, Sarah

2013-01-01

286

Serving Academically Gifted Students in Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to identify special programs for academically gifted students developed by community colleges in the 19-state North Central region is described. Barriers to program development, program characteristics, program management, faculty, student admission and maintenance requirements, program size and services, marketing and recruitment, and…

Piland, William E.; And Others

1987-01-01

287

Supersizing: Portion Confusion among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The phrase "bigger is better" has become a common theme among Americans. The purpose of this study was to assess college students' portions and perception of recommended serving sizes of specific foods and beverages and to describe relationships of outcomes with body mass index and demographic variables. The findings indicated that students had a…

Sealey-Potts, Claudia; Alfaro, Veronica; Horine, Suzanne; Kallus, Kelli

2009-01-01

288

Misconceptions about Gravity Held by College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was part of a continuing exploration of the naive misconceptions of students in the physical sciences conducted within the context of current literature in alternative frameworks. The sample was selected from among those students registered for a liberal education physical science class at a small private college. The method used was a…

Piburn, Michael D.; And Others

289

Teaching Problem Solving to College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes steps of teaching problem solving to college students and provides examples in the context of a university course. The steps involve (1) identifying the types of problems and types of problem solving methods to be covered, (2) instructing the students in problem-recognition and problem solving methods, along with ways of…

Malouff, John M.

2011-01-01

290

Metacognitive Enrichment for Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research was conducted to explore how introducing metacognitive enrichment into courses containing implicit or explicit critical thinking goals would affect the students' personal epistemological maturity. At the beginning of a fall semester at a moderate sized community college in the southeastern United States, 733 students were divided…

Wyre, Steven H.

2012-01-01

291

Introducing the College Student to Dental Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Courses developed by the Department of Periodontics of the State University of New York at Stony Brook that are intended to stimulate college students to consider careers in dentistry are described. Four types of courses are offered for students interested in research. (MLW)

Gomes, Blasco C.; And Others

1980-01-01

292

After Special Education, Students Turn to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until the past decade, college wasn't much of an option for students who have significant intellectual impairments. Vanderbilt University's Next Steps program is one of many created for students with severe cognitive disabilities in the last 10 years. The programs have grown in number from about 15 in 2002 to almost 170 now, as tracked by Think…

Shah, Nirvi

2011-01-01

293

College Student Performance and Credit Card Usage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between credit card usage, employment, and academic performance among a group of college students with credit cards. Results reveal that the students differed significantly in the level of anxiety felt from carrying debt, perceived need to work, and perceived impact of employment on academic performance. (Contains 57…

Pinto, Mary Beth; Parente, Diane H.; Palmer, Todd Starr

2001-01-01

294

College Students' Positivity toward Teen Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although teen pregnancy and parenthood are more visible in society than in the past, teen mothers are often stereotyped and stigmatized. The study examined positivity toward teen mothers among college students (N = 316) at a midwestern university. Although students responded positively to some items regarding teen mothers, other statements showed…

Eshbaugh, Elaine M.

2011-01-01

295

The Text Marking Patterns of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines patterns in college students' text markings using texts from three content areas: history, political science, and sociology. Indicates little differential marking between various text-types. Concludes that students seem to have little idea how to mark text efficiently. (MG)

Nist, Sherrie L.; Kirby, Katie

1989-01-01

296

Students' Persistence in a Community College Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the perceptions of second-year community college students regarding barriers to education completion based on Padilla's (1998) Local Model of Minority Student Success. These barriers include: (a) discontinuity, (b) lack of nurturing, (c) lack of presence, and (d) lack of resources. This study will…

Kingsley, Edna L.

2010-01-01

297

Educational Goals and Selected College-Related Valuations of Public and Private Junior College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The values and goals of students from Harcum Junior College (Pennsylvania) a private, resident, all female college, were compared with students from Harrisburg Area Community College (Pennsylvania) a public, non-resident, co-ed college. The two groups of students were compared in terms of their parents' educational background, their educational…

Blai, Boris, Jr.

298

Associated Factors of Suicide Among University Students: Importance of Family Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim in this study was to underline the importance of family environment as a significant associate of suicide probability among university students. For this aim 226 Turkish university students completed Suicide Probability Scale, Family Environment Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Positive and Negative Affect Scale. As a result of the formulated regression analysis, after controlling for the 51% of

Tülin Gençöz; P?nar

2006-01-01

299

Substance Use Behavior and Suicide Indicators among Rural Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study provides a descriptive profile of substance use behavior and the prevalence of suicide indicators (thought about, considered, and planned) among rural middle school students and examines the association between substance use and suicidal indicators among middle school students participating in the Coordinated School Health…

Dunn, Michael S.; Goodrow, Bruce; Givens, Connie; Austin, Susan

2008-01-01

300

Effects of Race and Precipitating Event on Suicide versus Nonsuicide Death Classification in a College Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Race group differences in suicide death classification in a sample of 109 Black and White university students were examined. Participants were randomly assigned to read three vignettes for which the vignette subjects' race (only) varied. The vignettes each described a circumstance (terminal illness, academic failure, or relationship difficulties)…

Walker, Rheeda L.; Flowers, Kelci C.

2011-01-01

301

How Do College Students Best Learn Science?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper is based on William Leonard's "How Do College Students Learn Science? Chapter 1: Effective Teaching and Course Management for University and College Science Teachers," edited by E. Siebert, M. Caprio, and C. Lyda. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co. It discusses the Constructivist learning approach and how individual learning styles influence learning. This free selection also includes the Table of Contents, Acknowledgements, and Introduction.

Leonard, William H.

2002-01-01

302

Making the Grade: College Students with Visual Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the transition experiences of 102 college students with visual impairments (blindness or low vision), and of the services offered for students with disabilities at 66 colleges, found that the colleges provided most of the services students need to be successful. Students also identified areas in which visually impaired high school…

McBroom, L. W.

1997-01-01

303

ACT ASSESSMENT AND SELECTION OF COMMUNITY COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors pertaining to studentscollege choices were studied. This study sought to determine those variables accounting for differences between students who intend to attend community colleges and students who seek to attend other higher education institutions. Variables were taken from the 1991 American College Test (ACT) registration booklet, which lists 177 questions in the student profile section, interest inventory factors,

Rudy S. Tarpley; Crystal L. Tarpley; Harold J. Morris

1995-01-01

304

Personal Factors that Influence Deaf College Students' Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research tells us that academic preparation is key to deaf students' success at college. Yet, that is not the whole story. Many academically prepared students drop out during their first year. This study identified entering deaf college students' personal factors as assessed by their individual responses to both the "Noel-Levitz College Student

Albertini, John A.; Kelly, Ronald R.; Matchett, Mary Karol

2012-01-01

305

Perceived Academic Preparedness of First-Generation Latino College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-generation Latino college students may be characterized as underprepared for college. Research points to low performance on placement tests. However, students may not perceive themselves as academically underprepared for college. This study explored first-generation Latino students' perceptions of their academic preparedness. Seven students

Boden, Karen

2011-01-01

306

College Students' Unhealthy Habits Can Mark Their Future  

MedlinePLUS

... May 13, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages College Health Health Disparities TUESDAY, May 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- College students ... rights reserved. More Health News on: College Health Health Disparities Recent Health News Page last updated on 14 ...

307

Correlates of college student binge drinking.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. This study examines the individual correlates of college student binge drinking. METHODS. Questionnaires were completed by a representative national sample (n = 17,592) of students on 140 campuses in 1993. Binge drinking was defined as five or more drinks per episode for men and as four or more drinks per episode for women. RESULTS. Overall, 44% of the students (50% of the men and 39% of the women) binged. While demographic factors such as sex and race were significantly related to binge drinking, prior binging in high school was crucial, suggesting that for many students, binge drinking begins before college. The strongest predictors of college binge drinking were residence in a fraternity or sorority, adoption of a party-centered life-style, and engagement in other risky behaviors. CONCLUSIONS. Interventions must be targeted at high school binge drinking as well as at several characteristics of college life--most notably fraternity residence. Legal drinking age fails to predict binge drinking, raising questions about the effectiveness of the legal minimum drinking age of 21 in college alcohol policies.

Wechsler, H; Dowdall, G W; Davenport, A; Castillo, S

1995-01-01

308

Tuberculosis Prevention in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help college health services in all parts of the country improve their approach to latent tuberculosis, two Listservs were provided for them to post their questions on dealing with TB infection. In this article, the authors present some of the questions posted in the Listservs and their corresponding answers. In their answers, the authors have…

Lerman, Stephen J.; Bernardo, John; Daly, Jennifer S.; Husson, Robert

2004-01-01

309

What Community College Developmental Mathematics Students Understand about Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nation is facing a crisis in its community colleges: more and more students are attending community colleges, but most of them are not prepared for college-level work. The problem may be most dire in mathematics. By most accounts, the majority of students entering community colleges are placed (based on placement test performance) into…

Stigler, James W.; Givvin, Karen B.; Thompson, Belinda J.

2010-01-01

310

First Generation College Student Leadership Potential: A Mixed Methods Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods research compared the leadership potential of traditionally aged first generation college students to that of college students whose parents are college educated. A college education provides advantages to those who can obtain it (Baum & Payea, 2004; Black Issues in Higher Education, 2005; Education and the Value of Knowledge,…

Hojan-Clark, Jane M.

2010-01-01

311

Values of Students and Faculty at an Interracial College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Values of college students have been investigated with respect to both the impact of the college experience and as part of general cultural and generational variations. This study sought to investigate college student values at both entry and exit from college and in comparison to faculty values. The Rokeach Value Survey was administered to…

Scher, Dena

312

STRESS, SELF-ESTEEM, AND SUICIDAL IDEATION IN LATE ADOLESCENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships among stress, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation in late ado- lescents were examined in a group of college students. Multiple regression analysis indicated that both stress and self-esteem were significantly related to suicidal ideation; low self-esteem and stressful life events significantly pre- dicted suicidal ideation. The hypothesis that self-esteem would moderate the effects of life stressors on suicidal ideation

Victor R. Wilbum; Delores E. Smith

2005-01-01

313

Student Services and Student Athletes in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From admissions to academic counseling, athletes will benefit from intense integration of support services and life-skills development programs to help balance the demands of their academic responsibilities and participation in athletics. Additionally, student support services at community colleges, even though attempting to assist students to…

Storch, Jason; Ohlson, Matthew

2009-01-01

314

The Impact of Different Parenting Styles on First-Year College Students' Adaptation to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was undertaken to determine the impact of different parenting styles on college students' adaptation to college. During the second week of college, 80 first-year students from two-parent families completed the Tests of Reactions and Adaptations to College, English version and the Parental Authority Questionnaire. Authoritative…

Smith, Gregory J.

2006-01-01

315

A Mixed Analysis of College Students' Best and Poorest College Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined the views of 171 college students concerning their best and poorest college professors. In a multi-stage conversion mixed analysis design, students' stories of their best and poorest college professors were thematically analysed, resulting in 15 dominant themes for their best college professors and 12 dominant…

Slate, John R.; LaPrairie, Kimberly; Schulte, Don P.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

2009-01-01

316

Restrictive Emotionality, Depressive Symptoms, and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depression and suicidal thoughts and behaviors are prevalent among youth today. The current study sought to further our understanding\\u000a of the correlates of depression and suicidality by assessing the relationship between restrictive emotionality (difficulty\\u000a understanding and expressing emotions) and depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation and attempts among adolescents. A large\\u000a group of high school students (n = 2189, 58.3% male; 13–18 years of

Colleen M. Jacobson; Frank Marrocco; Marjorie Kleinman; Madelyn S. Gould

2011-01-01

317

Meningococcal Disease: Information for Teens and College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... and College Students Ages & Stages Listen Meningococcal Disease: Information for Teens and College Students Article Body Certain ... disease can be deadly. Read on for more information from the American Academy of Pediatrics about this ...

318

Dimensions of Biculturalism in Mexican-American College Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study represents the third phase of continuing research on the psychodynamics of biculturalism/multiculturalism in Mexican American college students. A biculturalism inventory was administered to 284 Mexican-American college students in Texas and Cal...

M. Ramirez B. G. Cox R. T. Garza A. Castaneda

1978-01-01

319

An Integrative Model of Suicidal Ideation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an integrative path model that details relationships among several demographic variables, life stress, depression, hopelessness, social support, and suicidal ideation of 737 college students. Found negative life stress to be a significant predictor of both depression and hopelessness. Depression proved to be a better predictor of suicidal

Rudd, M. David

1990-01-01

320

Factors Affecting the Acceptability of Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=780) read 1 of 12 scenarios of person who decided to commit suicide. Scenarios varied by age of victim (45 versus 70), gender, and illness (chronic depression, chronic physical pain, terminal bone cancer). Suicide evaluations tended to be significantly more favorable when evaluators were male, victims were male, victims were…

Deluty, Robert H.

1989-01-01

321

Suicide Prevention in a Diverse Campus Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the college population in the United States rapidly diversifies, leaders of successful campus suicide prevention programs are recognizing the importance of targeting specific groups of students. Recent estimates from the National Center for Education Statistics indicated that in 2008 more than one-third (36.7 percent) of college students

Shadick, Richard; Akhter, Sarah

2013-01-01

322

Helping Students "STA" in College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Teaching Assistant (STA) Program was initiated in 1972 by the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Reading-Study Center to provide highly qualified peer tutors for interested campuses within the University's system. STA training workshops are held each summer for approximately twenty academically-able students from participating campuses.…

Dahlke, Anita B.; Schnier, Ronald R.

323

Courtship Violence among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About one-fifth of the students experienced courtship violence and the majority knew someone who had. Most frequent reasons for abuse were jealousy, drinking, and anger over sexual denial. If these results are typical of the general student population, social policies should be developed to deal with the problem. (JAC)

Makepeace, James M.

1981-01-01

324

Red-Shirting College Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university students with disabilities, both visible and invisible, must deal with what sociologist Erving Goffman called information management; they must control and protect their stigmatized identity by considering who to tell what, how much to tell, and when to tell. A growing body of stigma-related educational research, as well as…

Trammell, Jack

2009-01-01

325

Critical Junctures in Community College Student Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing research demonstrates a strong relationship between the prevalence of irregular enrollment patterns among community college students and their low rates of degree attainment (Adelman 2006; Bahr 2009; Berkner et al. 2000; Goldrick-Rab 2004, 2007; Horn and Nevill 2006). However, very little is known about the features and processes that…

Michalowski, Sam

2010-01-01

326

College Student Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSSQ) Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory manual for the College Student Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSSQ) includes a description of the test, tentative norms, a summary of findings to date regarding psychometric characteristics of the instrument, and suggestions for possible uses. The manual is intended to supply sufficient material for the practical needs of most test…

Starr, Ann M.; And Others

327

Promoting Wellness for Thai College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are few in-depth studies of Thai college student health and mental health behaviors that focus on the cultural influences that shape such behaviors. Thus, the purposes of this study are: (1) to conduct the needs assessment survey on health and mental health issues at a public university in Thailand in order to better understand the issues…

Ratanasiripong, Paul; Rodriguez, Adrian

2011-01-01

328

Prevalence of Snoring in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Snoring in college students may be the earliest presentation of adult sleep-disordered breathing, yet the literature contains few studies that demonstrate its effects on learning or whether early diagnosis leads to interruption of disease progression or prevention of comorbidities. Objective and Participants: The authors conducted this study in…

Patel, Minal; Tran, Duyen; Chakrabarti, Ashoke; Vasquez, Audrey; Gilbert, Paul; Davidson, Terence

2008-01-01

329

Functions of Marijuana Use in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis that specific functional factors of marijuana use would predict past 30-day marijuana use in 425 college students more precisely than demographic variables alone. This hypothesis was confirmed. Functional factors of personal/physical enhancement as well as activity enhancement were…

Bates, Julie K.; Accordino, Michael P.; Hewes, Robert L.

2010-01-01

330

The Determinants of College Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempts to add to the college student dropout literature by examining persistence decisions at private, non-selective university using previously unstudied explanatory variables and advanced econometric methods. Three main contributions are provided. First, proprietary data obtained from a type of university that is underrepresented in…

Guerrero, Adam A.

2010-01-01

331

Career Identity among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career identity development is salient in adolescence and young adulthood, but little research has assessed career identity in populations other than four-year college students. Context should be considered when examining career identity, and to address this gap in the literature, the current study examined the extent to which parental support for…

Stringer, Kate J.; Kerpelman, Jennifer L.

2014-01-01

332

Club drug use among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined prevalence and frequency of “club” drug use among college students (N=831) and associations with marijuana and alcohol use, sensation seeking, and positive and negative affectivity. Eighteen percent (n=146) of the sample had used club drugs at least once in their lifetime. Results of a logistic regression indicated that club drug use was positively associated with marijuana use,

Jeffrey S. Simons; Raluca M. Gaher; Christopher J. Correia; Jacqueline A. Bush

2005-01-01

333

How the Liberal Arts College Affects Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Residential liberal arts colleges in general, and highly selective ones in particular, produce a pattern of consistently positive student outcomes not found in any other type of American higher education institution. They also effect a reasonable balance between undergraduate teaching and scholarly research, and incorporate a wide range of…

Astin, Alexander W.

1999-01-01

334

Correlates of College Students' Attitudes toward Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of the Attitude Toward Grades (ATG) survey instrument, a brief internally consistent measure of college student attitude toward grades and reports on selected behavioral correlates of that attitude. An initial item pool of approximately 50 attitude statements was created and the Thurstone equal appearing…

Bahn, Changhwan; And Others

335

Female College Students' Perceptions of Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current process of organ donation in the U.S. relies on the premise of altruism or voluntary consent. Yet, human organs available for donation and transplant do not meet current demands. The literature has suggested that college students, who represent a large group of potential healthy organ donors, often are not part of donor pools. Before…

Boland, Kathleen; Baker, Kerrie

2010-01-01

336

Characteristics of Female College Student Drug Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined female college students' (N=466) drug use, marihuana use in particular. Results indicated that the gap in marihuana usage patterns between females and males has substantially narrowed. Female marihuana users used other drugs quite extensively and had friends who use marihuana. Peer influence was a major factor in drug use. (JAC)

Traub, Stuart H.

1983-01-01

337

Getting Inked: Tattoos and College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores whether college students with tattoos or piercings demonstrate extreme personalities and behaviors. Participants were 46 men and 164 women (mean=20.0 years). Questions assessed participants' attitudes toward tattooing, presence of a tattoo, and participation in risk taking behaviors. Participants completed the Personality…

Manuel, Laura; Sheehan, Eugene P.

2007-01-01

338

The Study Behavior of Community College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During fall 1982, a study was conducted at a community college in the western suburbs of Chicago to determine the relationship between students' demographic and scholastic characteristics and their study skills and habits. In addition, the study assessed the psychometric qualities of the Study Behavior Inventory (SBI), a 45-item instrument…

Mueller, Richard J.; Gibson, Ernest E.

339

The Characteristics of College Students' Political Tolerance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The great variety of interests and opinions in present-day society carries a priori the potential for conflict and tension, and this imparts timely relevance to the value of "tolerance" in political interactions among social groups and individuals. As a component of the social group of young people, college students are characterized by specific…

Eliseev, S. M.; Ustinova, I. V.

2011-01-01

340

BASIC JAPANESE FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS. REVISED EDITION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE 24 LESSONS IN THIS TEXT ARE DESIGNED FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS BEGINNING JAPANESE LANGUAGE STUDY. THE SELECTION OF VOCABULARY AND THE PRESENTATION OF GRAMMAR ARE DIRECTED TO THE GOAL OF ACQUIRING FACILITY IN SPEAKING RATHER THAN WRITING. FOR A READING TEXT RECOMMENDED FOR USE WITH THIS SPOKEN LANGUAGE TEXT, SEE HIBBETT AND ITSAKA "MODERN JAPANESE,…

NIWA, TAMAKO; MATSUDA, MAYAKO

341

Conservation Interest and Values among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study undertaken to examine the personal actions and values, especially as they relate to conservation issues, of college students in a natural resources survey course at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Implications of the study results for course improvement are discussed. (JMD)

Groves, David L.

1978-01-01

342

Transitions: Combat Veterans as College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of war makes those who fight a special group within the general population. The purpose of this study was to investigate how combat veterans who become college students make the transition to campus life, in order to identify how administrators can acknowledge and support them. A total of six women and 19 men were interviewed; 24…

Ackerman, Robert; DiRamio, David; Garza Mitchell, Regina L.

2009-01-01

343

Research Review of College Students' Psychological Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality education forms an important content of tertiary education reform and is at the same time a basic requirement for talent cultivation in the future society. Psychological education, one constituent of the said quality education, is of great significance for the overall development of college students. In recent years, some psychologists…

Wang, Wei-ling; Miao, Dan-min

2007-01-01

344

The Behavioral Risks of Today's College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 10 to 15 years, the wide prevalence of various forms of negative behavior among young people in college has become one of the main causes of their deteriorating health. Traditionally classified among such forms are the excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, and narcotics abuse. Issues relating to the protection of students' health…

Ivakhnenko, G. A.

2012-01-01

345

Transfer of Elaborative Strategies in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of elaboration as a memory strategy has been researched for decades and has been shown to be effective for preschool through adult ages (Pressley, 1982). However, the literature examining elaborative strategy use among students in college is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the transfer of elaborative…

Aagaard, Lola; Conner, Timothy W., II; Skidmore, Ronald L.

2008-01-01

346

External Dynamics Influencing Tattooing Among College Students: A Qualitative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study utilized qualitative research methodology to assess external dynamics and their influences on tattooing practices among college students. Twenty-four undergraduates supplied in-depth interviews regarding the external variables related to college students' decisions to tattoo. The present research follows (Tse, Firmin, Angelini, & Foster, 2006), which reported findings regarding college students' internal dynamics for tattoo choices. Present findings suggest that

Michael Firmin; Luke Tse; Janna Foster; Tammy Angelini

2012-01-01

347

Effect of Breakfast Consumption on Academic Performance of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To determine effect of breakfast consumption and content on academic performance of college students.The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of breakfast consumption and content on academic performance of college students. Data were collected from 132 college students from three university classes. Over a four week period subjects recorded their breakfast intake. Food intake was

V. K. Fekete; M. K. Head

1997-01-01

348

A Meta-Analysis of College Students' Physical Activity Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors reviewed studies on college students' physical activity (PA) behaviors and found that previous research on this topic focused on describing college students' PA patterns and their determinants. Researchers reported that about 40% to 50% of college students are physically inactive. More important, health and PA professionals in higher…

Keating, Xiaofen Deng; Guan, Jianmin; Pinero, Jose Castro; Bridges, Dwan Marie

2005-01-01

349

Empowering Identity Reconstruction of Indigenous College Students through Transformative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the interplay between identity reconstruction of indigenous college students and the effects of transformative learning on their self-development and collective action. Seventeen indigenous college students were interviewed for this study. The findings showed that most indigenous college students developed stigmatized identity…

Chen, Peiying

2012-01-01

350

Community College Vocational Student Expectations of Institutional Exit Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges have a role to play in providing support for students as they exit vocational or career preparation programs. As colleges have been challenged by an expanding transfer function, it is important that colleges understand student expectations. Such understanding helps to both serve students enrolled in programs and to meet the…

Vacik, Stephen; Nadler, Daniel P.; Miller, Michael T.

2006-01-01

351

Validation of an Instrument to Measure Community College Student Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation of a survey instrument to measure community college students' satisfaction with their educational experiences. The initial survey included 95 questions addressing community college student experiences. Data were collected from 558 community college students during spring of 2001. An exploratory…

Zhai, Lijuan

2012-01-01

352

What Happens to Community College Dual Enrollment Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of research indicating that the dual enrollment (DE) students at Florida's community colleges experience problems upon transferring to state universities, Pensacola Junior College (PJC) and Tallahassee Community College (TCC) conducted follow-up studies of DE students. PJC examined outcomes for students who successfully completed DE…

Windham, Patricia

353

First-Generation College Students: Then and Now  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to examine past and present first-generation college students, how they have changed demographically, and what colleges can do to assist them in meeting the challenges of higher education. A brief, descriptive memoir of the author as a first-generation college student precedes a concise review of current studies on this student population.

Corinne R. Merritt

2008-01-01

354

Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, I draw on Bahr's ("Research in Higher Education" 51:724-749, 2010; New Directions for Institutional Research S1:33-48, 2011) behavioral typology of first-time community college students to examine college-level variation in students' patterns of use of 105 community colleges in California. I find that students' patterns of use vary…

Bahr, Peter Riley

2013-01-01

355

Marketing the Community College Starts with Understanding Students' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines variables taken into account by community college students in choosing a college, arguing that increased competition for students means that colleges must employ marketing strategies. Discusses the use of the selection factors as market segmentation tools. Identifies five principal market segments based on student classifications of…

Absher, Keith; Crawford, Gerald

1996-01-01

356

Understanding the Atheist College Student: A Qualitative Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine and understand atheist college students' views on faith and how they experience the college campus as a result. I conducted interviews with 16 undergraduate and graduate self-identified atheist college students. Students discussed losing faith and transitioning to atheism; making meaning of life, death, and…

Mueller, John A.

2012-01-01

357

Examining Victimization and Psychological Distress in Transgender College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking transgender college students were examined with regard to victimization and psychological distress. Findings showed that transgender college students had elevated rates of distress as compared with college students who identified as men or women. Results indicated that treatment-seeking and non-treatment…

Effrig, Jessica C.; Bieschke, Kathleen J.; Locke, Benjamin D.

2011-01-01

358

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Use Disorders in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that many college students report posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or substance use disorder (SUD), yet there has been scant attention paid to the co-occurrence of these disorders in college students. This review examines the co-occurrence of PTSD and SUD in college students. Recommendations for counseling centers are…

Borsari, Brian; Read, Jennifer P.; Campbell, James F.

2008-01-01

359

Development and Validation of the College Mattering Inventory with Diverse Urban College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived impact of mattering is quite accepted in higher education yet has not been well measured with diverse college students. This article describes the development and validation of the College Mattering Inventory with community college and university students. Results and implications for faculty and student affairs professionals are…

Tovar, Esau; Simon, Merril A.; Lee, Howard B.

2009-01-01

360

Locus of Control, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation among American, Philippine, and Turkish Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a study comparing U.S., Philippine, and Turkish students for relation of depression and suicidal thoughts to an external locus of control. Concludes that higher external locus of control scores were positively though weakly associated with depression and history of suicidal preoccupation among all subjects. (DK)

Lester, David; And Others

1991-01-01

361

Suicide and deliberate self-harm in Oxford University students over a 30-year period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To determine whether rates of suicide and self-harm in university students differ from those in other young people.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We obtained information on Oxford University students who died by suicide or presented to hospital following deliberate self-harm\\u000a (DSH) between 1976 and 2006 from official records and a General Hospital monitoring system in Oxford. Rates of suicide and\\u000a self-harm in the students

Keith Hawton; Helen Bergen; Su Mahadevan; Deborah Casey; Sue Simkin

362

College Apartments Meet Student Wishes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new on-campus apartment complex at a Texas university contains eight units, each containing four apartments, whose design was based on the amenities students valued both in an apartment complex and in individual units. (Author/MLF)

American School and University, 1981

1981-01-01

363

College Presidents and Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presidents of three Michigan universities are interviewed on their reflections on thier universities, their students and their role in minority achievement in an article reprinted from the Detroit Free Press. (Author/SF)

Integrated Education, 1974

1974-01-01

364

College Student Attitudes Toward Marijuana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questionnaire attempts to determine attitudes in effort to learn how students perceive danger, or lack of it, in the use of marihuana. Tabulated responses are presented, and while no conclusions are drawn several interpretations are suggested. (Author/CJ)

Amo, Michael F.; Bittner, John R.

1970-01-01

365

The role of perfectionism in student suicide: three case studies from the UK.  

PubMed

A number of studies have investigated the relationship between suicide and perfectionism but none to our knowledge have been based on studies of completed suicides. This article aims to provide important insight into the potency that certain profiles of perfectionism can claim in the path to suicide by presenting three case studies from a U.K. study of student suicide. Collectively, these case studies provide theoretical support for existing frameworks and are consistent with other literature which emphasizes those forms of perfectionism that engender severe self-criticism and self-doubt and fear of failure as most destructive. PMID:20873535

Bell, Jo; Stanley, Nicky; Mallon, Sharon; Manthorpe, Jill

2010-01-01

366

Enhancing College Students' Understanding of Lunar Phases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Astronomy education researchers now know that college students do not enter the introductory astronomy classroom as blank slates, but rather with a pre-existing understanding of many introductory astronomy concepts, including lunar phases. Sometimes this understanding is scientifically correct, but often students' understanding is incomplete, inadequate or simply incorrect and cannot explain observed phenomenon. Unfortunately, students' pre-existing understandings are often deeply rooted, and many students leave the classroom without a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases. The purpose of this research study was to design instruction that enhances college students' understanding of lunar phases. This multi-phase study utilized qualitative and quantitative research methods to fulfill this purpose by identifying students' prior understanding of lunar phases, developing the Lunar Phases Concept Inventory (LPCI) to measure conceptual change, designing and evaluating an in-class group activity designed to teach the concept of lunar phases. Using a qualitative phenomenology, fourteen college students' conceptual understanding of lunar phases was uncovered and organized into a conceptual framework with eight dimensions of student understanding, each with alternative facets. Based upon this conceptual framework, the LPCI was developed. This instrument consists of fourteen multiple-choice items designed to assess student understanding of lunar phases. Based on a modified Karplus Learning Cycle, an in-class group activity was developed to teach the concept of lunar phases. During the fall of 1999, this activity was implemented at a midwestern university as part of a restructured astronomy course during two fifty-minute class periods. Administered prior to and after instruction, the LPCI shows the instruction was effective. A statistical analysis of the results shows that the instruction produced an effect size of 2.99 and a normalized gain of 0.63.

Lindell, Rebecca S.

2013-05-28

367

Soft drinks, aggression and suicidal behaviour in US high school students.  

PubMed

Consumption of carbonated soft drinks has been rising among teens, and recent research has identified potential links to violence, depression, suicidal thoughts and suicidal behaviour. We analyse a national data-set, the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, to examine the relationship between soft drink consumption and aggression, depression and suicidal behaviours among US adolescents. We find that higher soft drink consumption is associated with a range of undesirable behaviours: being in a physical fight, feeling sad or hopeless and having suicidal thoughts and actions. The data display a 'dose-response' relationship, with the percentage engaged in aggression or suicidal behaviour increasing steadily with greater quantities of soft drinks consumed. While further research is needed to determine if the association is causal, soft drink consumption may be a useful indicator for both aggression and suicidal behaviours among American high school students. PMID:23829470

Solnick, Sara J; Hemenway, David

2014-09-01

368

Career Maturity and Foreclosure in Student Athletes, Fine Arts Students, and General College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three groups of undergraduate students, fine arts students (n = 121), general college students (n = 104), and student athletes (n = 101), were compared on career maturity attitudes, identity foreclosure, and career foreclosure. Findings indicated that student athletes, but not fine arts students, scored lower on career maturity as compared to…

Linnemeyer, Rachel McQuown; Brown, Chris

2010-01-01

369

Treatment of alcohol-dependent college students.  

PubMed

A report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention noted that excessive alcohol consumption is responsible for more than 4,600 deaths in underage youth annually. Alcohol abuse is common among college-age youth and may progress to alcohol dependence, which includes tolerance, craving, physical dependence, and loss of control. Although treatment for alcohol dependence is effective, like all other chronic disorders, relapse is common. The purpose of this article is to examine the issues surrounding alcohol abuse and dependence as well as maintaining sobriety in light of the high-risk college student drinking environment. PMID:22998538

McGuinness, Teena M; Kelly, Terri Ann

2012-10-01

370

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With headquarters in New York, the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP) was established in 1987 in order to create a coherent and combined effort to fund research that would assist in the prevention of suicide. During the past 17 years, the organization has created an extensive network of research grant programs, workshops for those seeking to form survivor support groups, and a suicide data bank. The AFSP website contains information on some of its outreach programs, such as the National Survivors of Suicide Day and also its service announcements. There is a great deal of pragmatic information here as well, including a FAQ section which provides answers to pressing questions such as "What is the biggest cause of suicide among college students?". The site is rounded out by a topically organized list of important online resources, such as statistics about suicide, clinical information, and prevention and screening materials.

2007-03-08

371

Facts About: College Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Facts about college mental health are presented in response to frequently asked questions. Areas of concern include common conditions interfering with student effectiveness, why students seek help and where they can get it, the frequency of severe mental illness in college students, the suicide problem, the limitations of nonprofessional help, the…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.

372

Life Ownership Orientation and Attitudes toward Abortion, Suicide, Doctor-Assisted Suicide, and Capital Punishment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined life ownership orientation (extent to which one believes that God, individual, or society has power over one's life) among 117 college students who completed Life Ownership Orientation Questionnaire (LOOQ). Found LOOQ scores demonstrated higher predictive validity with regard to attitudes toward abortion, suicide, doctor-assisted suicide,…

Ross, Lisa Thomson; Kaplan, Kalman J.

1994-01-01

373

Assessing Protection from Suicidal Risk: Psychometric Properties of the Suicide Resilience Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated psychometric properties of the Suicide Resilience Inventory-25 (SRI-25) in a diverse sample of 239 college students. Participants completed the SRI-25, Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Confirmatory factor analysis supported…

Rutter, Philip A.; Freedenthal, Stacey; Osman, Augustine

2008-01-01

374

Building and Maintaining an Effective Campus-Wide Coalition for Suicide Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preventing suicide is a commonly shared priority among college administrators, faculty, staff, students, and family members. Coalitions are popular health promotion mechanisms for solving community-wide problems and are valuable in campus-wide suicide prevention efforts. This article provides an example of an effective suicide prevention…

Kaslow, Nadine J.; Garcia-Williams, Amanda; Moffitt, Lauren; McLeod, Mark; Zesiger, Heather; Ammirati, Rachel; Berg, John P.; McIntosh, Belinda J.

2012-01-01

375

A Proposal for Increasing Student Safety through Suicide Prevention in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A considerable amount of literature points to the criticality of implementing prevention and intervention strategies to address suicide in the context of schools. The authors address these elements along with a case study to increase student safety in schools.

Ward, Janice E.; Odegard, Melissa A.

2011-01-01

376

Concerns of college students regarding business ethics: A replication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1984 we reported the results of surveying a nationwide sample of college students about selected business ethics issues. We concluded that (a) college students were in general concerned about the issues investigated and (b) female students were relatively more concerned than were male students. The present study replicated our earlier study and not only corroborated both of its conclusions,

Robert A. Peterson; Richard F. Beltramini; George Kozmetsky

1991-01-01

377

What's in Your Valise?: Determining What Students Learn in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author explores ways to determine what students learn in college and how well colleges teach them. The author offers two markers--one for graduating students and one for the institution from which the students graduate. The first marker, a comprehensive examination in a student's major, would be required as a condition of…

Adelman, Clifford

2007-01-01

378

Attitudes toward Including Students with Intellectual Disabilities at College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although inclusive postsecondary education programs are increasingly available, little is known about the attitudes of matriculating college students toward the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities in their classes. To assess these attitudes, the authors surveyed 256 college students about their attitudes toward students with…

Griffin, Megan M.; Summer, Allison H.; McMillan, Elise D.; Day, Tammy L.; Hodapp, Robert M.

2012-01-01

379

General Dissociation Scale and Hypnotizability with African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the General Dissociation Scale with African American college students, and provide additional data on how to assess hypnotizability with these students. Two-hundred and two undergraduate African American college students participated in this study. Students completed the HGSHS:A, a measure…

Sapp, Marty; Hitchcock, Kim

380

Reconsidering the Relationship between Student Engagement and Persistence in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from two rounds of surveys on students in the Washington State Achievers (WSA) program, this study examined the relationship between student engagement in college activities and student persistence in college. Different approaches using student engagement measures in the persistence models were compared. The results indicated that the…

Hu, Shouping

2011-01-01

381

How Some Community College Students Live and Learn.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of the lives of Johnson County Community College students, focusing on the ways students apportioned their time, the problems they experienced and their solutions, their expectations and experiences, and the impact of the college on the students. Students typically had many obligations in addition to education. Includes 6 data…

Soltz, Donald F.

1994-01-01

382

Retention of First-Year Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Close to half of all community college students leave before obtaining their stated goals. In order to determine what student characteristics increase community college student retention, with a heightened interest on the predictive nature of taking a student success course, a post-facto quasi-experimental study was conducted to determine whether…

Windham, Melissa H.; Rehfuss, Mark C.; Williams, Cyrus R.; Pugh, Jason V.; Tincher-Ladner, Lynn

2014-01-01

383

Enhancing college students' understanding of lunar phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomy education researchers now know that college students do not enter the introductory astronomy classroom as blank slates, but rather these students enter the classroom with a pre-existing understanding of many introductory astronomy concepts, including lunar phases. Sometimes this understanding is scientifically correct, but often students' understanding is incomplete, inadequate or simply incorrect and cannot explain observed phenomenon. Unfortunately, students' pre- existing understandings are often deeply rooted, and many students leave the classroom without a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases. The question now arises, how do instructors develop successful instruction so that students leave the classroom with a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases? The purpose of this research study was therefore to design instruction that enhances college students' understanding of lunar phases. This multi-phase study utilized both qualitative and quantitative research methods to fulfill this purpose by identifying students' prior understanding of lunar phases, developing the Lunar Phases Concept Inventory (LPCI) to measure conceptual change, designing and evaluating an in-class group activity designed to teach the concept of lunar phases. Using a qualitative phenomenology, fourteen college students' conceptual understanding of lunar phases was uncovered. This conceptual understanding was organized into a conceptual framework with eight separate dimensions of student understanding, each with alternative facets of student understanding. Based upon this conceptual framework, the LPCI was developed. This instrument consists of fourteen multiple-choice items designed to assess student understanding of lunar phases. Based on a modified Karplus Learning Cycle, an in-class group activity was developed to teach the concept of lunar phases. During the fall semester of 1999, this activity was implemented at a midwestern university as part of a restructured astronomy course. This activity took only two fifty-minute class periods. Administered prior to and after instruction, the LPCI shows that the instruction was indeed effective. A statistical analysis of the results shows that the instruction produced an effect size of 2.99 and a normalized gain of 0.63.

Lindell, Rebecca Susan

384

College Choice and Documented Chinese Immigrant Community College Students in Massachusetts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College-choice studies have long been conducted to help colleges improve their recruitment strategies (Chapman, 1981; Hossler & Gallagher, 1987; Jackson, 1982; Litten, 1982). The dominant college-choice models and studies have, however, focused solely on traditional aged students seeking to enroll in four-year colleges/universities upon high…

Luie, Siu Ming

2010-01-01

385

Perceptions of Classroom Belongingness among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that students of color have college experiences markedly different from their majority peers. The present study examined African American college students' perceptions of their college classrooms as communities. Results of open-ended surveys revealed four predominate themes of instructional style, faculty interpersonal…

Booker, Keonya C.

2007-01-01

386

Biofeedback and Counseling for Stress and Anxiety among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rise in stress and anxiety among college students, there is a need for more comprehensive and effective counseling options for counselors in college counseling centers. This study investigated the impact of using biofeedback and brief counseling in treating stress and anxiety in an ethnically diverse college student population. Results…

Ratanasiripong, Paul; Sverduk, Kevin; Prince, Judy; Hayashino, Diane

2012-01-01

387

A Study of Students' Cognitive Structure for Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The way that students structure the colleges they choose among in a particular educational market is analyzed with a sample of 408 locally-college-bound high school seniors from 16 area schools. In January and February 1985, the College Image Questionnaire was administered to the seniors. The students judged the similarity (psychological distance)…

Kuntz, Steven S.

388

Publishers Press Colleges To Stop Software Piracy by Their Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Software piracy among college students is increasing, and the software publishing industry insists colleges are responsible for the activities of their computer nets' users. Colleges generally cooperate with publishers when their students are found infringing on copyrights. The Software Publishers Association is holding a University of Puget Sound…

Haworth, Karla

1997-01-01

389

Haworth College of Business: Student Leadership Advisory Board  

Microsoft Academic Search

WMU’s Haworth College of Business offers a leadership organization to aspiring Business students: the Student Leadership Advisory Board (SLAB). SLAB is an organization assembled to enhance and further develop the value of a business degree from WMU. Members are ambassadors for the college, who promote, provide input and feedback on many college projects and activities.

Jan Gabel-Goes

2010-01-01

390

Athletic Identity of Community College Student Athletes: Issues for Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community college student athletes are unique in their setting in the world of college student athletes. Many compete for the love of their sport, while others have aspirations for transferring to major colleges to continue their participation. The current study made use of the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale with a sample of nearly 400…

Kissinger, Daniel B.; Newman, Richard; Miller, Michael T.; Nadler, Daniel P.

2011-01-01

391

Serving Students with Disabilities at the Community College. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest looks at two community college programs designed to aid students with disabilities in accessing the educational offerings of the college, as well as two programs that help students with disabilities attain jobs after their educational goals have been met. Longview Community College, in Lee's Summit, Missouri, offers the Academic…

Prentice, Mary

392

Patterns in Student Financial Aid at Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the 2005 Basic Classifications of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching as a framing device through which to examine patterns of student financial aid at America's rural community colleges, which represent 64% of all U.S. community colleges. Rural community colleges serve more first-time, full-time students than…

Hardy, David E.; Katsinas, Stephen G.

2008-01-01

393

Post Baccalaureate Reverse Transfer Implications for Community College Student Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that a sizeable number of students at the community college have attained a baccalaureate degree or higher and have returned to the community college to take credit courses. These post-baccalaureate reverse transfer students (PRTS) enroll in the community college for a variety of reasons, but one of the more common factors is…

Pope, Myron; Turner, Mary; Barker, John

394

Psychosocial Factors Predicting First-Year College Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study made use of a model of college success that involves students achieving academic goals and life satisfaction. Hierarchical regressions examined the role of six psychosocial factors for college success among 579 first-year college students. Academic self-efficacy and organization and attention to study were predictive of first semester…

Krumrei-Mancuso, Elizabeth J.; Newton, Fred B.; Kim, Eunhee; Wilcox, Dan

2013-01-01

395

Differences in College Choice Factors among Freshmen Student-Athletes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of college choice factors among freshmen student athletes (N=246). Overall, the student athlete's college choice decision was influenced most by the college head coach variable. Other influential factors included academic support services and location of the school. Discusses implications for future research, departmental…

Gabert, Trent E.; Hale, Jeffrey L.; Montalvo, Gregory P., Jr.

1999-01-01

396

What Works in Student Retention? Two-Year Public Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reflects ACT's three-decade commitment to assist colleges and universities to better understand the impact of campus practices on college student retention and degree completion. This report focuses only on the data provided by two-year public colleges. (Contains 14 tables.) [For the main report, "What Works in Student Retention? All…

Habley, Wesley R.; McClanahan, Randy

2004-01-01

397

What Works in Student Retention? Four-Year Public Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reflects ACT's three-decade commitment to assist colleges and universities to better understand the impact of campus practices on college student retention and degree completion. This report focuses only on the data provided by four-year public colleges. (Contains 14 tables.) [For the main report, "What Works in Student Retention? All…

Habley, Wesley R.; McClanahan, Randy

2004-01-01

398

Welcoming a New Generation to College: The Millennial Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High on any required reading list for college-level student affairs officers and high school counselors is "Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation" by Neil Howe and William Strauss (2000). Experts on generational change in the United States, the authors contend that the current generation of college-age and pre-college-age students

Elam, Carol; Stratton, Terry; Gibson, Denise D.

2007-01-01

399

Food Safety Tips for College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety Tips for College Students Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

400

College Students’ Descriptions of Everyday Gender Prejudice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined 104 undergraduate college students (mean age = 19) from the Western United States regarding gender differences\\u000a in their experiences of gender prejudice. Women (N?=?81) and men (N?=?22) responded to an online diary for 14 days, resulting in 1008 descriptions of events. Women reported significantly higher\\u000a levels of negative affect than men during the experiences. Qualitative content analysis was used to

Britney G. Brinkman; Kathryn M. Rickard

2009-01-01

401

Religiosity, spirituality, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors among college students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine whether religiosity, spirituality, and sexual attitudes accounted for differences in sexual behaviors among college students. The sample included 960 college students enrolled at four northeastern colleges. Results indicated differences in sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality by gender. Moreover, sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality were associated with sexual behaviors among college students. Sexual behaviors among males were influenced by their sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality, while for females, their sexual behaviors were mostly influenced by their sexual attitudes. College health professionals can use these findings when discussing sexual practices with students. PMID:21822743

Luquis, Raffy R; Brelsford, Gina M; Rojas-Guyler, Liliana

2012-09-01

402

Perceived Academic Preparedness of First-Generation Latino College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

First-generation Latino college students may be characterized as underprepared for college. Research points to low performance on placement tests. However, students may not perceive themselves as academically underprepared for college. This study explored first-generation Latino students’ perceptions of their academic preparedness. Seven students were interviewed with the following four themes to emerge—personal education planning, guides, academic skills, and personal impetus.

Karen Boden

2011-01-01

403

College Preparation: Perspectives of Second-Year Community College and Four-Year University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine students enrolled at community colleges and universities in North Carolina about their perceptions of their college preparation experiences. The study specifically examined student perceptions as to the role that high school teachers, high school counselors, parents, and college admissions and recruiting…

Williamson, Kimberly F.

2010-01-01

404

Latino Student Transition to College: Assessing Difficulties and Factors in Successful College Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of adjustment of Latino college freshmen and sophomores used data from a longitudinal survey and a questionnaire on student adaptation to college. Results show that dimensions of the campus climate and common transitional experiences affect all forms of student adjustment in the first year. Implications are found for further college

Hurtado, Sylvia; And Others

1996-01-01

405

College Student Attrition and Retention. College Board Report No. 81-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on college student attrition and retention is reviewed. Overall dropout rates and the reasons students give for dropping out are examined, and an attempt is made to assess the outcomes of going straight through college, as opposed to dropping out, temporarily leaving school, and not going to college at all. The demographic, academic,…

Ramist, Leonard

406

The Effects of Pre-College Accounting on the College Accounting Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a research project, the author found that the attitudes of college accounting students toward high school accounting as the starting point for an accounting education and also the introductory financial accounting grades of college students are often closely associated with extensive accounting coursework completed prior to college. (CT)

Schroeder, Nicholas

1985-01-01

407

Study of Reverse Transfer Students at Seminole Junior College and Valencia Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A reverse transfer student is one who has transferred from a four-year college or university to a two-year institution. This study was undertaken to determine the nature and characteristics of reverse transfer students enrolled at Seminole Junior College (SJC) and at Valencia Community College (VCC) in Florida. A 52-item questionnaire was sent to…

Fischer, Olin R., Jr.; And Others

408

Community College Student Experiences Report: Perspectives of the 1995 Graduating Class, Blue Ridge Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past 6 years, Virginia's Blue Ridge Community College (BRCC) has distributed the Community College Student Experiences Questionnaire (CCSEQ) to graduating students to determine their perceptions of the college environment and their experiences. For the graduating class of 1995, 255 questionnaires were distributed, resulting in usable…

Stewart, Donna L.

409

College Students' Psychic Income from Intercollegiate Football and Its Impact of College Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A great amount of research has been conducted to determine the criteria of college student satisfaction and to develop measurement instruments to examine the overall quality of life among college students, but limited research has investigated specific aspects of college satisfaction. In addition, relatively few studies have attempted to explain…

Kim, Woosoon

2010-01-01

410

Defining College Readiness from the inside out: First-Generation College Student Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides understanding of college readiness from the perspectives of older first-generation college students who transferred from community colleges. Results indicate that life experiences contribute to academic skills, time management, goal focus, and self-advocacy. Research is recommended to improve nontraditional student advising and…

Byrd, Kathleen L.; Macdonald, Ginger

2005-01-01

411

Leadership Behaviour of College Students in Relation to Their Leisure Time Activities in College Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the Leadership behaviour of college students in relation to their Leisure time activities in college life. In this study, the researcher wants to see the contribution of leisure time activities in developing the qualities of leadership of college students. The main objective of the study was to find out the relationship…

Sethi, Priyanka

2009-01-01

412

Preparing Students for College: The Implementation and Impact of the Early College High School Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As implemented in North Carolina, Early College High Schools are small, autonomous schools designed to increase the number of students who graduate from high school and are prepared for postsecondary education. Targeted at students who are underrepresented in college, these schools are most frequently located on college campuses and are intended…

Edmunds, Julie A.; Bernstein, Lawrence; Glennie, Elizabeth; Willse, John; Arshavsky, Nina; Unlu, Fatih; Bartz, Deborah; Silberman, Todd; Scales, W. David; Dallas, Andrew

2010-01-01

413

College Preparatory Program for Visually Impaired Students: An Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Feedback from students and their rehabilitation counselors indicated that a 9-week college preparatory summer program for visually handicapped secondary students increased student readiness in communication, studying, personal-social skills, and mobility. (CL)

Martin, Virgene; And Others

1978-01-01

414

Emerging Technologies as a Form of Student Engagement for Nontraditional California Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology usage is increasing important for community college students, but whether nontraditional students differ from traditional students in technology usage and support was unclear. Further, it was not known whether Nontraditional and Traditional community college students feel equally connected to the college when using social networking…

Ogilvie, Gina M.

2011-01-01

415

Predictors that Distinguish First-Generation College Students from Non-First Generation College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to compare a freshman cohort of first and non first-generation college students enrolled in an urban university and to identify characteristics that distinguish the two groups in terms of selected demographics, pre-college behaviors and beliefs (expectations and personal traits). Some of the distinguishing characteristics such as household income were common across race\\/ethnicity, but there

Anthony L. Jenkins; Yasuo Miyazaki

2009-01-01

416

Associations between Suicidal High School Students' Help-Seeking and Their Attitudes and Perceptions of Social Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents, many of whom fail to disclose suicide concerns to adults who might help. This study examined patterns and predictors of help-seeking behavior among adolescents who seriously considered suicide in the past year. 2,737 students (50.9% female, 46.9% male; racial distribution 79.5% Caucasian,…

Pisani, Anthony R.; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen; Gunzler, Douglas; Petrova, Mariya; Goldston, David B.; Tu, Xin; Wyman, Peter A.

2012-01-01

417

Mental Health Issues Facing a Diverse Sample of College Students: Results from the College Student Mental Health Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 5 years there has been increased attention given to mental health issues on college and university campuses across the country. However, few research efforts have been conducted to systematically investigate the mental health of college students. The College Student Mental Health Survey was undertaken as a first step towards gaining…

Soet, Johanna; Sevig, Todd

2006-01-01

418

Creating College Advising Connections: Comparing Motivational Beliefs of Early College High School Students to Traditional First-Year University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early college high schools (ECHSs) are partnerships between high schools and colleges or universities designed to enhance college readiness and completion, particularly among students traditionally underrepresented in higher education. We compared the self-reported motivational profiles of ECHS students to traditional first-year university…

Oliver, Marvarene; Ricard, Richard J.; Witt, Karl J.; Alvarado, Melissa; Hill, Patricia

2010-01-01

419

Comprehension of College Age Students: The State of the Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews current research concerning the reading comprehension of college-age students under two broad categories: (1) schema theory and (2) metacognition. Discusses aspects of reading comprehension at the college level that need further investigation. (FL)

Anderson, Ora Sterling

1982-01-01

420

Research and Teaching: How Do College Students Best Learn Science?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper is based on William Leonard's "How Do College Students Learn Science?" Chapter 1 in Effective Teaching and Course Management for University and College Science Teachers , edited by E. Siebert, M. Caprio, and C. Lyda. Dubuque, IA: Kendal

Leonard, William H.

2000-05-01

421

The Association between Deans of Students' Attitudes toward Suicide and Their Bases of Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the associations between attitudes toward suicide and bases of power in university administrators known as Deans of Students (DOS). The National Association for Student Personnel Administrators, the professional association of higher education administrators in student affairs, provided the survey population for this study.…

Majewski, Diane J.

2010-01-01

422

Preventing Suicide on College Campuses. SAMHSA News, Volume 19, Number 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administrator's Message; Campus Suicide Prevention Grantees: East Tennessee State University; University of Guam; and Boston University; National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention; Young Mothers and Substance Abuse; and In the ER: Suicide A...

2011-01-01

423

The Relationship Between a College Preparation Program and At-Risk Students' College Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the relationship between elements of a college preparation program and the college readiness of low-income and\\/or Latina\\/o students at the completion of 6 years of participation in the program. Hours of participation in tutoring, mentoring, advising, college campus visits, summer programs, and educational field trips are examined in relationship to students' college-track course completion and Preliminary SAT

Jennifer T. Cates; Scott E. Schaefle

2011-01-01

424

Social-Emotional Needs: A School-Based Approach to Preventing Suicide among Students with Gifts and Talents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a succinct primer on some of the basic constructs that adults need to know to help keep students with gifts and talents from completing suicide. It focuses on the school as the primary context to look out for potentially suicidal gifted students. This makes sense, as students spend a considerable amount of time in school,…

Cross, Tracy L.

2012-01-01

425

Student Stress in an FE College: An Empirical Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted of student stress in a further education (FE) college in northwest England. In collaboration with the college, two questionnaires were developed, one for the teaching staff and the other for the students. Questionnaires were distributed to 69 staff and 1,100 students, with a response rate of 94 percent from staff and 84…

Hayward, Abbe; Stott, Clare

1998-01-01

426

CRitical Issues Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography includes resources that provide an overview of issues related to the challenges faced by gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) college students. The bibliography concentrates on the literature that explores interactions between college climate and GLB students. The attitudes and experiences of GLB students are highlighted,…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.

427

The Learning and Study Strategies of College Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared learning and study strategies of students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to two groups: college students with learning disabilities (LD) and college students without disabilities. In addition, strengths and weaknesses within the ADHD group were examined on the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory, 2nd…

Reaser, Abigail; Prevatt, Frances; Petscher, Yaacov; Proctor, Briley

2007-01-01

428

College Algebra Students' Attitudes toward Mathematics in Their Careers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify the degree to which college algebra students' value mathematical skills in their prospective careers. A survey was administered to N = 144 students in 6 college algebra classes at a mid-sized doctoral granting university. Students in half the classes completed a data analysis project, and half of the…

Champion, Joe; Parker, Frieda; Mendoza-Spencer, Bernadette; Wheeler, Ann

2011-01-01

429

Assessing Working Students' College Experiences: A Grounded Theory Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores working students' college experiences using the grounded theory approach. Focus groups were conducted to allow working students to elaborate on their college experiences, clarifying issues not easily addressed through surveys. Two theoretical propositions are offered to describe how working students are constantly searching for…

Cheng, David X.; Alcantara, Lucia

2007-01-01

430

Changes in College Student Health:Implications for Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the longitudinal associations of health perceptions and behaviors with subsequent academic performance among college students. Multiple health perceptions and behaviors were assessed for 203 college students both at the beginning and end of an academic year. Students' academic performance was also measured at the end of the…

Ruthig, Joelle C.; Marrone, Sonia; Hladkyj, Steve; Robinson-Epp, Nancy

2011-01-01

431

Bakersfield College Student Needs Assessment Survey: Spring Semester, 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1983, a survey was conducted at Bakersfield College to ascertain the effectiveness of the college's promotional efforts and to determine better ways of serving the student body. A 16-item questionnaire was distributed to all students, soliciting information on course load; educational objectives, background, and plans; student major;…

Gordon, Helen Heightsman

432

College Students' Perceptions of Their Misuse of Alcohol.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was done of college students' perceptions of their own consumption of alcohol and their perception of their alcohol-related problems. The study surveyed 92 undergraduates students from a public college in northeastern United States. The sample was limited to students between the ages of 18 and 22. Fifty-four percent were female, and 46…

Walker, Merle; Avioli, Paula Smith

433

The Measurement of Stressful Events in Chinese College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Chinese College Stress Scale" was developed to ascertain stress in university students. Results suggested that the psychometric properties of the "Chinese College Stress Scale" were satisfactory. Overall, student stress was primarily related to academic, personal, and negative life events. Approximately 8% of Chinese students exhibited high…

Li, Hong; Lin, Chong-De; Bray, Melissa A.; Kehle, Thomas J.

2005-01-01

434

The Measurement and Analysis of College Student Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an intensive study of college student satisfaction a questionnaire has been designed to measure six dimensions of student satisfaction: policies and procedures, working conditions, compensation (relationship of input to outcomes), quality of education, social life, and recognition. A field test of this instrument, the College Student

Betz, Ellen L.; and Others

435

The Impact of Social Media on College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are numerous ways, positive and negative, in which social media impact college students. Understanding sheer volume of time and the type of activities for which college students use social networking sites is crucial for higher education administrators. Researchers have begun to empirically examine impacts on students' well-being and have…

Mastrodicasa, Jeanna; Metellus, Paul

2013-01-01

436

Counseling College Students with Disabilities: Legal, Ethical, and Clinical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guides college counselors who provide services to students with disabilities through pertinent legal, ethical, and clinical considerations. Counseling these students requires counselors to become sensitive to their unique issues and concerns. Of college students, 10% self-report a disability that substantially limits one or more major life…

Corrigan, Margaret J.

1998-01-01

437

The Full Extent of Student-College Academic Undermatch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper quantifies the extent of student-college "academic undermatch," which occurs when a student's academic credentials permit them access to a college or university that is more selective than the postsecondary alternative they actually choose. Using a nationally representative dataset, we find that 41 percent of students undermatch in…

Smith, Jonathan; Pender, Matea; Howell, Jessica

2013-01-01

438

First Generation College Students: Motivation, Integration, and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this article investigated motivation and integration dimensions that influence college academic achievement of first-generation students compared to nonfirst-generation students. Participants consisted of 277 ethnically diverse students who were attending a community college. Bivariate and multivariate statistical analyses…

Prospero, Moises; Vohra-Gupta, Shetal

2007-01-01

439

Epidemiology of some sport injuries among physical education college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionAt the moment, students at universities, colleges and other institutes represent an increasingly large proportion of the total population of young people over 18 years of age. There is a need for injury prevention programs among students at the universities and colleges. For this aim, we must to recognise the epidemiology of injuries among them because physical education students are

M K Jui Ray; M Kohandel

2010-01-01

440

College Choice: Understanding Student Enrollment Behavior. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest summarizes in a question and answer format a full length report of the same title. It addresses trends in college student enrollment patterns with an emphasis on behavior underlying student choice of college. Demographic changes and cuts in important sources of student financial aid brought significant enrollment declines to higher…

Paulsen, Michael B.

441

Career Guidance Strategies for Minority High School and College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of research suggesting that career development and growth toward self-actualization among minority students may be delayed by environmental conditions is followed by the presentation of a planned career guidance program for minority college students. The formulation of course goals based on responses of 467 minority college students to…

Young, Johnny

442

Burnout in College Student Volunteers: A Cross-Level Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Burnout in college students is an issue of concern. It adversely affects the learning of students as well as their overall health and well-being. However, little attention has been paid to burnout in college students who donate their time as volunteers in services to their community. This study examined both individual and group factors…

Kao, Yueh-tzu

2009-01-01

443

File-Sharing among College Students: Moral and Legal Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to explore the phenomenon of college students who illegally file-share. The main research question was, "What are the experiences of college students who file-share and what are their perspectives on the moral and legal implications for doing so?" Data were collected from six students using interviews, focus groups, and…

Cockrum, Colton Dwayne

2010-01-01

444

Registering Students and Designing the Master Schedule at Bakersfield College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scheduling process at Bakersfield College (California) is explained in this report. The basic philosophy of the college (existing to teach and serve students) is exemplified in student scheduling and registration. SWITCH (Sectioning with Instructor and Time Choice) is the processing of data by computer. Fundamental SWITCH concepts of student

Sanden, Milton R.

445

Non-Cognitive Predictors of Student Success in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College student success and graduation are important to students seeking a degree and to the nation's communities (Institute for Higher Education Policy, 1998), yet only just better than half of the students who enroll in 4-year colleges and universities will receive a bachelor's degree within 6 years (Astin, 1985). Past studies have shown that…

Sparkman, Larry A.; Maulding, Wanda S.; Roberts, Jalynn G.

2012-01-01

446

Destination choice model for transitional travel: College students in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examines the phenomenon of transitional travel by college students in China. The transitional travel takes place during that period when students are graduating and about to embark on a new phase of their lives. A conceptual model of destination choice for such travel is developed. The data was derived from personal interviews with 14 college students by

Liping A. Cai

2011-01-01

447

Time Estimation Abilities of College Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate the time estimation abilities of college students with ADHD on a novel, complex task that approximated academically oriented activities. Method: Totally 20 college students with ADHD were compared to a sample of 20 non-ADHD students. Both groups completed a task, and scores were obtained for time to complete the task, errors…

Prevatt, Frances; Proctor, Briley; Baker, Leigh; Garrett, Lori; Yelland, Sherry

2011-01-01

448

Differing Gender Characteristics and Associated Needs and College Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between religiosity and undergraduate student retention at Idaho State University (ISU). With only 50% of college students consistently persisting to graduation, attrition is a problem that plagues colleges and universities. Research shows that students who are more integrated in education…

Butterfield, Rex M.; Pemberton, Cynthia Lee A.

2012-01-01

449

The Identification of Factors Influencing College Students' Attitudes toward Radioactivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two basic questions considered in this study were: (1) What attitudes do college students hold toward radioactivity? and (2) What are some characteristics associated with the college students who hold the more favorable attitudes toward radioactivity? The sample studied included 1,205 mostly undergraduate students at the University of Texas at…

Crater, Harold L., Jr.

450

How Do College Students Solve Proportion Problems?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Problems which could be solved using proportional reasoning were administered nationwide by college faculty to their own science classes during a three year period. The reasoning of more than 8000 students covering three sections of the country was classified as concrete, transitional, or formal using Piagetian categories. Data from the West closely replicated that from the Midwest on similar metric conversion tasks. Student performance changed noticeably with a different problem format. The percentages of students using a ratio formula, ratio attempt, or intuitive methods of solution held approximately constant over time, task, and section of the country. The data shows the use of additive and conversion methods of solution depends upon the problem presentation.

Thornton, Melvin C.; Fuller, Robert G.

2012-05-15

451

Reasons to Attend College Among Ethnically Diverse College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 713 ethnically diverse university freshmen (463 Latino, 167 Asian American, 54 African American, 29 European American) assessed reasons for attending college, ethnic identity, family interdependence, and college adjustment. Results revealed three reasons for attending college not reported in previous research: to help one's family, to prove one's self-worth, and because of encouragement. Attending college to help the

Jean S. Phinney; Jessica Dennis; Saloniki Osorio

2006-01-01

452

Performance of Maryland Community College Transfer Students at Public Four-Year College and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This data report provides statistics about the number and percentage of Maryland community college students, who earned a bachelor's degree from a public four-year campus in the state within a specified period of years. These students are: (1) Community college students who transferred during the 2004-2005 academic year who received a bachelor's…

Maryland Higher Education Commission, 2011

2011-01-01

453

Helping Prepare Community College Students to Make the Transition from College to Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to investigate students' perceptions about the need for more student training on making the transition from community college enrollment to employment. The hypothesis was that community college students would perceive that additional career counseling services would help them transition successfully into the world of…

Bradley, Lagena Arlette

2010-01-01

454

First Generation College Students: Motivation, Integration, and Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study reported in this article investigated motivation and integration dimensions that influence college academic achievement of first-generation students compared to nonfirst-generation students. Participants consisted of 277 ethnically diverse students who were attending a community college. Bivariate and multivariate statistical analyses revealed that motivation and integration dimensions contributed significantly to academic achievement for first-generation students, but not for nonfirst-generation students.

Moisés Próspero; Shetal Vohra-Gupta

2007-01-01

455

Community College Survey of Student Engagement: 2012 Survey Results  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each year, the Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) presents the results of its annual survey. These survey results help community colleges assess their educational practices so they can improve student outcomes in one of the most challenging and least understood sectors of American higher education. The five benchmarks of effective educational practice in community colleges are active and collaborative learning, student effort, academic challenge, student-faculty interaction, and support for learners. Click on each benchmark to find key findings for that benchmark. Target Audience: 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

2009-12-18

456

Comparing Japanese International College Students' and U.S. College Students' Mental-Health-Related Stigmatizing Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences between Japanese international college students and U. S. college students on stigma toward people with psychological disorders, stigma tolerance in help seeking, and self-concealment. Japanese international students had greater stigma toward individuals with psychological disorders than did their U.S. counterparts.…

Masuda, Akihiko; Hayes, Steven C.; Twohig, Michael P.; Lillis, Jason; Fletcher, Lindsay B.; Gloster, Andrew T.

2009-01-01

457

2004 and 2005 BC Student Outcomes: Job Destinations of Former College and Institute Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The BC College and Institute Student Outcomes Survey Project (CISO) collects and disseminates information about former students' post-secondary experiences and their subsequent labour market and further education experiences. The survey is administered annually to a number of former students of public colleges, university colleges, and institutes…

Ministry of Advanced Education, 2006

2006-01-01

458

Report of the Student Evaluation of the Milwaukee Area Technical College. Student Survey Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 1987, a survey was conducted at Milwaukee Area Technical College (MATC) to provide students with the opportunity to evaluate the college's functions, services, and facilities, and to gather data to construct profiles of MATC day, evening, and weekend college students. Questionnaires were administered in class to 7,725 MATC students,…

Milwaukee Area Technical Coll., WI. Dept. of Research, Planning, and Development.

459

The Debate about Increasing College Student Psychopathology: Are College Students Really Getting “Sicker?”  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past couple of decades, there have been numerous claims made about the increasing severity of college student mental health issues. While the question of increasing severity seems to be well documented by the perception-based surveys of university counseling center directors, very limited data exists to prove that this trend is actually occurring. This article reviews several studies that

Kari Much; Amy L. Swanson

2010-01-01

460

Johnson County Community College Fall 2001 New Student Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey of new Johnson County Community College (JCCC) (Kansas) students was conducted in fall 2001 to determine new students' educational objectives, and what factors influenced new students' decisions to attend JCCC. Questions were also asked about the JCCC Student Success Center and new students' preferences for various media to provide…

Weglarz, Shirley G.

461

College Students' Compliance with Food Guide Pyramid Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessed dietary compliance among 192 college students. Students who lived on campus, younger students, females, students who ate out infrequently, and students who rarely/never consumed high-fat foods showed the lowest compliance with the recommended number of daily servings from all food groups. (Contains 36 references.) (JOW)

McArthur, Laura; Rosenberg, Rachel I.; Grady, Frances M.; Howard, Alan B.

2002-01-01

462

At Risk Non-Traditional Community College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For educators to effectively meet the needs of at-risk nontraditional college students, they must quickly identify such students, utilize the best available teaching techniques, and work to guarantee student retention. Swift identification of potential at-risk students depends on educators' awareness of common indicators, such as the student

Tyler, Deidre A.

463

Financial Information Project: Assessing the Financial Interests of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College graduates are entering the world of work with record levels of school-related debt despite being generally unprepared to face the financial challenges of life after college. Findings from a needs assessment survey of financial topics of interest to college students and staff/faculty and preferences for how the information should be…

Masuo, Diane M.; Kutara, Pamela; Wall, Ronald; Cheang, Michael

2007-01-01

464

Life Change and Spirituality among a College Student Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Because college marks a time when life-change is typically high, the authors designed this study to determine whether life-change was related to degree of spirituality, the "directing" component of health, among a college student cohort. Participants and Methods: The sample group, consisting of 180 northeastern US undergraduate college

Muller, Susan M.; Dennis, Dixie L.

2007-01-01

465

The Brief Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale-College Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To investigate the psychometric properties of the BMSLSS-College among 723 college students. Methods: Internal consistency estimates explored scale reliability, factor analysis explored construct validity, and known-groups validity was assessed using the National College Youth Risk Behavior Survey and Harvard School of Public Health…

Zullig, Keith J.; Huebner, E. Scott; Patton, Jon M.; Murray, Karen A.

2009-01-01

466

Why Some Students Leave College during Their Senior Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although many studies have examined college student attrition, no extant literature examines the phenomenon of undergraduates who discontinue their enrollment in college during a semester of their senior year. This study used both institutional and self-reported survey data to examine the rationale behind seniors' decision to leave college during…

Hunt, Patricia F.; Boyd, Vivian S.; Gast, Linda K.; Mitchell, Alice; Wilson, Wendy

2012-01-01

467

Marketing Analysis for the Nontraditional Student at Carl Sandburg College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the wide range of students community colleges must provide services for, there is an increasing need for colleges to analyze and segment their marketing efforts. As part of an effort to focus on specific market segments and take into account internal and external environments, an analysis was conducted at Illinois' Carl Sandburg College (CSC)…

Sundberg, Lori

468

Support Services for Two-Year College Student-Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine football coaches' perceptions about support services for two-year college student-athletes. A telephone interview was used to collect data about Personal Services, Career Services, and Academic Services that were available for football players at 33 two-year colleges in 11 states. All two-year colleges

Keim, Marybelle C.; Strickland, Jeremy M.

2004-01-01

469

Community College Students and Applied Research. Professional File. Number 30  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student participation in applied research as a form of experiential learning in community colleges is relatively new. Ontario Colleges today participate at different levels with different numbers of projects and faculty involved. A few colleges in Ontario are more established in doing applied research including having basic infrastructure for…

Zuniga, Sabrina Faust

2009-01-01

470

Spirituality among a College Student Cohort: A Quantitative Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to quantify indices of spirituality, the directing health dimension, which affects health and life satisfaction. Because college marks a time when life patterns are established, a college population was chosen. A cohort of 524 northeastern U.S. college students completed the 48-item Life Attitude Profile-Revised (LAP-R) in…

Dennis, Dixie; Muller, Susan M.; Miller, Kim; Banerjee, Priya

2004-01-01

471

Valencia College, No. 1 Nationwide: It's All about "Student Experience"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve years ago, Sanford Shugart took the helm at Valencia College. This school of 70,000-plus students in Orlando, FL, seemed like any other community college, but Shugart's reason for being there, and the change this college was about to undergo, was anything but ordinary. Before his arrival, the school had begun a process called Campus…

Adam, Michelle

2012-01-01

472

Potholes on the Road to College: High School Effects in Shaping Urban Students' Participation in College Application, Four-Year College Enrollment, and College Match  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the extent to which indicators of the college-going climate of urban high schools are associated with students' application to, enrollment in, and choice among four-year colleges. The investigators examine two mechanisms by which high schools may shape college enrollment among low-income students in an urban school system:…

Roderick, Melissa; Coca, Vanessa; Nagaoka, Jenny

2011-01-01

473

Factors that Impact Two-Year College Attendance and Program Enrollment among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that numerous factors affect community college attendance. Therefore, when students choose to attend community college, those factors often are key aspects of their decisions. Nonetheless, limited information exists that identifies which particular traits affect community college choice and how the background characteristics of…

McCullough, Aaron Keith

2010-01-01

474

Does Ending Affirmative Action in College Admissions Lower the Percent of Minority Students Applying to College?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine how ending affirmative action in public colleges in Texas affected the percent of minority high school graduates applying to college. I find the end of affirmative action significantly lowered the percent of Hispanic students applying to college by 1.6 percentage points and significantly lowered the…

Dickson, Lisa M.

2006-01-01

475

College Student Psychological Well-Being during the Transition to College: Examining Individuation from Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: The present study examined whether incoming college student individuation from parents was associated with later well-being and adjustment to college. Method: Data were collected via online surveys with incoming college freshmen (during the summer or first week of class, follow-up three months later). Results: Analyses revealed that…

Kenyon, DenYelle Baete; Koerner, Susan Silverberg

2009-01-01

476

Rapid Assessment for Psychopathology in a College Health Clinic: Utility of College Student Specific Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility and unique benefits of employing the College Health Questionnaire (CHQ) in a college health care setting. The CHQ is a newly designed measure to assess psychosocial issues commonly problematic among college students. Participants: One hundred nine patients participated in the study…

Alschuler, Kevin N.; Hoodin, Flora; Byrd, Michelle R.

2009-01-01

477

Introductory Level College Geography Courses and the Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines learning disabilities and delineates characteristics of learning disabled students. Outlines steps to be taken by college geography departments for students who enroll in introductory-level geography classes. (SLM)

Brownlee, William

1989-01-01

478

Basic Skills Mastery of New Jersey's College Bound Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The decline in basic skills mastery has raised some serious doubts concerning the academic abilities of college bound twelfth grade students. To determine how twelfth grade students in New Jersey public schools were performing on the 1975 Educational Asse...

S. Koffler

1976-01-01

479

Correlates of Alcohol-Related Regretted Sex among College Students  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of alcohol-related regretted sex in college students warrants a better understanding of the characteristics of students who report such experiences. Therefore, the present study examined correlates of regretted sexual experiences involving alcohol use among two specific high-risk college student samples: Students mandated to alcohol intervention (N = 522) and volunteer first-year students transitioning to college (N = 481). Results indicated that alcohol-related regretted sex occurred in similar rates in mandated and volunteer students, with approximately 25% of the students reporting at least one occurrence in the past month. Women were more likely to report alcohol-related regretted sex compared to men. The belief that alcohol use would result in “liquid courage” was associated with alcohol-related regretted sex among college students, even after accounting for greater alcohol use and problem alcohol use behaviors. These findings have significant implications for intervention efforts and future research.

Orchowski, Lindsay M.; Mastroleo, Nadine R.; Borsari, Brian

2012-01-01

480

The Impact of a Historically Black College on African American Students: The Case of LeMoyne-Owen College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the impact of LeMoyne-Owen College (LOC), a historically black college, on students' adjustment to college, adjustment to faculty, study habits, social adjustment, and management of college life. Student surveys indicated that LOC positively affected students in all areas. Seniors scored higher than freshmen in all areas. Vocational…

Fleming, Jacqueline

2001-01-01

481

Bridging the Gap: A Community College and Area High Schools Collaborate To Improve Student Success in College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study that examined (1) if area students who took college preparatory math courses in high school succeeded in college-level math courses; and (2) if area students seeking a degree had taken sufficient college preparatory coursework. Reports that students who took a course higher than Algebra 2 succeeded in college Algebra at a high…

Berry, Laura

2003-01-01

482

Disordered eating among Brazilian female college students.  

PubMed

This study aimed to investigate the socioeconomic and nutritional factors associated with disordered eating among Brazilian female college students (n = 2,489). Prevalence ratios of risk factors were calculated using Poisson regression models with robust variance based on responses to selected questions from the Eating Attitude Test and Disordered Eating Attitude Scale. It was found that 40.7% of students were dieting, 35.6% were using diet or compensatory methods, 23.9% skipping meals, 12.6% not eating or just drinking liquids, and 3.3%, vomiting to lose weight. A positive association was found between not eating or just drinking liquids and skipping meals and nutritional status after adjustment for age and region. A positive association was found between compensatory methods and dieting and education level of the head of the family. Disordered eating behaviors were frequent, and not eating and skipping meals were more prevalent among overweight/obese students; compensatory methods and dieting were less prevalent among students from families whose head had up to only four years of education. Prevention strategies and food education are necessary in order to decrease the prevalence of these behaviors. PMID:23702994

Alvarenga, Marle Dos Santos; Lourenço, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer; Philippi, Sonia Tucunduva; Scagliusi, Fernanda Baeza

2013-05-01

483

Reengineering Babson College: Towards I\\/T enabled student services  

Microsoft Academic Search

AS PART OF Babson College’s continuous quality improvement (CQI) efforts, the administration regularly surveys their primary\\u000a customers (undergraduate and graduate students, their parents and employers) to assess the degree to which the institution\\u000a meets or exceeds customer requirements. Surveys conducted during the period 1989 to 1992 indicated in unambiguous terms that\\u000a the College’s educational programs were highly regarded, but that

Richard M. Kesner

1995-01-01

484

Physician shadowing by college students: what do patients think?  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this study is to determine patients’ perceptions of physician shadowing by college students. Methods Thirty-two patients who agreed to have a college student shadow their physician participated in semi-structured interviews during July and August 2013 at two outpatient family medicine centers. Qualitative techniques were utilized to analyze the transcripts of the patient interviews and identify common themes. Results The majority of patients (78.1%) felt the college student had a neutral effect on their visit and denied having concerns about confidentiality (87.5%). No patient felt that having the college student present affected their ability to maintain a trusting relationship with their physician. Three themes emerged from the qualitative analysis: benefits to students, willing participation and sensitive issues. Most patients (78.5%) recognized that the student was in college or was a premedical student. The overwhelming majority of patients stated that they would have a college student shadow their physician again in the future. Conclusions Despite concerns raised by other authors about the possible negative effects of physician shadowing by college students, this study shows that patients feel the impact to be primarily neutral and that there are many perceived benefits to both student and patient.

2014-01-01

485

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Individual Criteria in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is present in young adults and because coronary heart disease (CHD) is likely, screening to determine MetS prevalence and its criteria is critical. Objective: To determine MetS prevalence and most prevalent criteria in a sample of first-year college students. Participants: First-year college students between 18 and 24…

Fernandes, Jill; Lofgren, Ingrid E.

2011-01-01

486

AOD Screening Tools for College Students. Prevention Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the goal of screening in student health or other college settings is to reduce alcohol-related harm. NIAAA points out that identifying those students at greatest risk for alcohol problems is the first step in prevention. Colleges and universities have used a number of…

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012

2012-01-01

487

Factors Influencing Development of Perfectionism in Gifted College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is part of a larger research investigation of perfectionism in gifted college students. Employing a qualitative interview design, this study examined factors contributing to the development of two dimensions of perfectionism, socially prescribed and self-oriented, in gifted college students. Findings indicated that exposure to parental…

Speirs-Neumeister, Kristie L.

2004-01-01

488

Meeting the Changing Needs of Students: College Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The administrative structure, organization of the faculty, and the student government at Harrisburg Area Community College (Pennsylvania) are explored in this monograph, which is the first of five studies written around the theme, "meeting the changing needs of students." Since its inception in 1964, the college has attempted to develop a…

Harrisburg Area Community Coll., PA.

489

American Indian Students and the Arizona Community College System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of Arizona community colleges in serving the Native American population of their service areas. Thirteen community colleges were surveyed in order to obtain data on full-time, part-time, and male/female enrollment of Indian students and total student body, tribes represented, average age of…

Van West, Carla

490

Spirituality in College Students: Preliminary Findings from a National Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first in a series of reports on a national study of college students spiritual development currently being conducted at the Higher Education Research Institute. The results are derived from a sample of 3,680 undergraduates attending 46 diverse colleges and universities across the United States. Each student completed a specially…

Astin, Alexander W.; Astin, Helen S.

491

Promoting Academic Engagement for College Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the characteristics of college students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), examines the results of a survey of college faculty with regard to their understanding and expectations of students with disabilities (including those on the spectrum), and presents suggested guidelines for facilitating access to the curriculum for…

McKeon, Barbara; Alpern, Carol S.; Zager, Dianne

2013-01-01

492

Academic, Racial and Mathematics Identities of African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study examined the experiences of African American community college mathematics students' in the Nyame Scholars Program at Promise Community College. The purpose of the study was to identify through narrative analysis what aspects of the program impact students' racial, academic, and mathematics identities. A comparison group…

Moore, A'kilah Tienda

2011-01-01

493

Non-Returning Student Survey, Charles County Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1993, Charles County Community College (CCCC) in Maryland conducted a telephone survey of students who had been enrolled at the college the previous fall but did not return for the spring semester. A total of 1,655 students were identified as non-returning by the third week of classes in spring 1993, representing 29% of the fall 1992…

Farahani, Gohar

494

A Student's Guide to Evaluating Libraries in Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student's selection of a college or university should include an evaluation of the library and its services and resources. Identifying and evaluating a good library are important in determining the level of educational opportunities an institution will provide. This publication is designed to help students make a decision about which college or…

Association of Coll. and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL.

495

Mathematics Education for Hispanic Students in the Border College Consortium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Border College Consortium (BCC), formed by six Texas, California, and Arizona community colleges along the United States and Mexico border, used a survey to derive a profile of its mathematics and science students. The profile revealed that both Hispanic and White students had difficulties with word problems and study habits, wanted…

Rendon, Laura I.

496

Focus on Student Retention: Promising Practices in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With increased interest in learning college initiatives, growing awareness of the need to promote higher levels of student success, and continuing emphasis on state accountability measures, many community colleges are seeing the need for a comprehensive evaluation of their retention and student success initiatives. Given continuing resource…

McClenney, Kay M.; Waiwaiole, Evelyn N.

2005-01-01

497

Motivational and Learning Strategies of Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the construct validity of an online version of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for use with community college students. The MSLQ which is an 81-item, self-report inventory which consists of 2 sections and 15 scales that assesses college students' motivational orientations and learning strategies.…

Harris, Sandra M.; Edmundson, Larry B.; Jacobson, Rebecca

2006-01-01

498

The Case for National Student Leadership on Community College Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutions of higher education have been unable or unwilling to make constructive and consistent use of student leadership as an advocate for the institutions. This is especially paradoxical in the case of community colleges, since two-year college students often have significant links to the community. If the potential for leadership among…

Ryan, Lisa

1994-01-01

499

Library Resources for the Foreign Born College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief essay on the difficulties faced by college students who have recently emigrated to the United States, introduces a suggested annotated list of general reference books and works on Africa, Asia, and the Middle East which college libraries can provide for the use of immigrant students. It is noted that immigration to the United States has…

Mood, Terry Ann

500

A Collaborative Approach to Nutrition Education for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well established in the literature that college students have poor eating habits and that many barriers exist to achieving optimal nutrition for this busy population. Little is known about students' perceptions of this problem or suggestions for improving their dietary habits. Similarly, college health professionals need innovative…

Cousineau, Tara M.; Goldstein, Marion; Franko, Debra L.

2004-01-01