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1

College Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

2013-01-01

2

College Student Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the topic of college student suicide. Empirical and theoretical studies are reviewed. The research is presented in distinct sections. First, we present background information on college student suicide emphasized in a select number of cited literature reviews, followed by a review of a select number of key quantitative studies aimed at investigating risk factors and predictors of

Lisa J. Schwartz; Howard A. Friedman

2009-01-01

3

Student Suicide and Colleges' Liability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Virginia recently became the first state to pass legislation that bars public colleges and universities from punishing or expelling students "solely for attempting to commit suicide, or seeking mental-health treatment for suicidal thoughts or behaviors." While well intentioned, the law adds nothing to current law and will, in fact, make a bad…

Smith, Robert B.; Fleming, Dana L.

2007-01-01

4

Suicide and Depression Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed 962 college students from three institutions in regard to their experiences with depression and suicide. Results indicate that incidents of depression and suicide are prevalent on college campuses and that there are a number of specific causes of depression, suicidal ideation, and suicidal behavior. Suicide attempters are compared with nonattempters, institutions are compared, and institutional implications for colleges

John S. Westefeld; Susan R. Furr

1987-01-01

5

Social Hopelessness and College Student Suicide Ideation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the relationship between suicide ideation and various predictive psychological factors in order to improve upon existing models of student suicidality. Specific attention was paid to social hopelessness, an interpersonal form of hopelessness, in the prediction of suicidality. A sample of 143 college students completed measures of suicide ideation, daily stress, depression, general hopelessness, and social hopelessness.

Marnin J. Heisel; Gordon L. Flett; Paul L. Hewitt

2003-01-01

6

Understanding and Preventing College Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide is currently the second leading cause of death among college students in the United States. This complex issue on college campuses is often overlooked, and this book combines the efforts from several leaders in the field of suicidology in an attempt to grasp a better understanding of college student suicide. The book is divided into four…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Lester, David

2011-01-01

7

Suicidal Behavior Among Latina College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latina college students are one of the fastest-growing segments of the college student population. Although there is evidence suggesting Latina high school students are at increased risk of engaging in suicidal behavior, it is unclear whether this risk continues in college. Over the course of 3 years, 554 Latina college students, the majority of whom were Dominican American or Puerto

Megan S. Chesin; Elizabeth L. Jeglic

2012-01-01

8

Suicidal Behavior among Latina College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latina college students are one of the fastest-growing segments of the college student population. Although there is evidence suggesting Latina high school students are at increased risk of engaging in suicidal behavior, it is unclear Bwhether this risk continues in college. Over the course of 3 years, 554 Latina college students, the majority of…

Chesin, Megan S.; Jeglic, Elizabeth L.

2012-01-01

9

Suicidal Behavior among African American College Students: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This preliminary study examined suicidality in 233 African American college students who attended a historically Black college. Suicidality involves both suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviors. Suicidal ideation includes the thoughts andfeelings that are often associated with suicidal behavior (e.g., developing a suicide plan, preoccupation with thoughts of death, etc.). Suicidal behavior involves the deliberate attempt to take one's life. The

Sherry D. Molock; Regina Kimbrough; Monica Blanton Lacy; Karla P. McClure; Steven Williams

1994-01-01

10

Suicide Ideation Among College Students Evidencing Subclinical Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifying elevated suicide ideation in college students is a critical step in preventing suicide attempts and deaths by suicide on college campuses. Although suicide ideation may be most prominent in students with severe depression, this should not suggest that only students with severe depression experience significant risk factors for suicide. Objective: The purpose of these 3 studies was to explore

Kelly C. Cukrowicz; Erin F. Schlegel; Phillip N. Smith; Matthew P. Jacobs; Kimberly A. Van Orden; Ambert L. Paukert; Jeremy W. Pettit; Thomas E. Joiner

2011-01-01

11

Suicide Ideation among College Students Evidencing Subclinical Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifying elevated suicide ideation in college students is a critical step in preventing suicide attempts and deaths by suicide on college campuses. Although suicide ideation may be most prominent in students with severe depression, this should not suggest that only students with severe depression experience significant risk factors for…

Cukrowicz, Kelly C.; Schlegel, Erin F.; Smith, Phillip N.; Jacobs, Matthew P.; Van Orden, Kimberly A.; Paukert, Ambert L.; Pettit, Jeremy W.; Joiner, Thomas E.

2011-01-01

12

Suicide and Depression Among College Students: A Decade Later  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are suicidal thoughts and depression increasing or decreasing among college students? What life circumstances are the most critical to explore with depressed or suicidal college students? This article focuses on the rate of self-assessed depression and suicide among college students and examines contributing factors and help-seeking behavior. Results of our study indicated that 53% of the sample stated that they

Susan R. Furr; John S. Westefeld; Gaye N. McConnell; J. Marshall Jenkins

2001-01-01

13

Optimism and Suicide Ideation Among Young Adult College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given that college students may be at increased risk for suicide, it is important to conduct research that could guide suicide prevention efforts on college campuses. Although much research has been conducted on the role of hopelessness and depression in suicide ideation, the role of dispositional optimism is unclear. Subjects were 284 college students (185 female, 65%), ages 18 and

Jameson K. Hirsch; Kenneth R. Conner; Paul R. Duberstein

2007-01-01

14

Suicidal Behaviors among College Students: Prevention, Intervention and Postvention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides material useful to counseling center personnel on the topic of suicidal behaviors among college students. These items are included: (1) a list of seven signs which college personnel need to look for when evaluating suicidal risk in the college student; (2) an outline of prevention, intervention, and postvention topics to be…

Terrell, David L.

15

Relationships among Multiple Suicide Ideation Risk Factors in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between suicide ideation and each of the following variables in a population of college students: depression, loneliness, stress, and hopelessness, as well as the relationships among each of the variables. The strongest associations were between suicide ideation and depression, followed by suicide ideation and hopelessness, and suicide ideation and loneliness.

Barbara Weber; Arlene Metha; Edward Nelsen

1997-01-01

16

Qualitative content analysis of suicidal ideation in Korean college students.  

PubMed

The suicide rate for ages 15-24 increased recently in South Korea. The purpose of this study was to understand the suicidal ideation using the qualitative content analysis in South Korean college students. The data were collected with non-structured open questions in 134 college students and were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The collected materials were classified 2 categories, 6 themes, and 21 theme clusters. Two categories are emerged: (1) facilitators of suicidal ideation, and (2) inhibitors of suicidal ideation. This study identified that the facilitators of suicidal ideation are physical, psychological and societal concerns, and suggested that the inhibitors of suicidal ideation are influenced by religious and cultural context. These results presented that Buddhism and Confucianism had influence on reasons to not attempting suicide behavior as the inhibitor of suicidal ideation. In conclusion, cultural context should be considered to develop strategies for the suicide prevention in South Korean college student. PMID:21706996

Jo, Kae-Hwa; An, Gyeong Ju; Sohn, Ki-Cheul

2011-01-01

17

College Students' Reasons for Concealing Suicidal Ideation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-reported reasons for concealing suicidal ideation were explored using data from a national survey of undergraduate and graduate students: 558 students indicated that they seriously considered attempting suicide during the previous year and did not tell anyone about their suicidal thoughts. Content analysis of students' qualitative responses to the question “Why did you choose not to tell anyone about these

Adryon Burton Denmark; Elaine Hess; Martin Swanbrow Becker

2012-01-01

18

College Students' Reasons for Concealing Suicidal Ideation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Self-reported reasons for concealing suicidal ideation were explored using data from a national survey of undergraduate and graduate students: 558 students indicated that they seriously considered attempting suicide during the previous year and did not tell anyone about their suicidal thoughts. Content analysis of students' qualitative responses…

Burton Denmark, Adryon; Hess, Elaine; Becker, Martin Swanbrow

2012-01-01

19

Predictors of College Student Suicidal Ideation: Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a need to identify students at risk for suicide. Predictors of suicidality were examined separately for men and women in a college health survey of 630 students. Women reported higher levels of suicidal ideation than men in the previous year. Separate regression analyses for men and women accounted for significant amounts of the variance…

Stephenson, Hugh; Pena-Shaff, Judith; Quirk, Priscilla

2006-01-01

20

Suicide Ideation Among College Students: A Multivariate Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to develop a multi-dimensional model that might explain suicide ideation among college students. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 1,249 first-year college students. An estimated 6%wt of first-year students at this university had current suicide ideation. Depressive symptoms, low social support, affective dysregulation, and father-child conflict were each independently associated with suicide ideation. Only 40%wt

Amelia M. Arria; Kevin E. OGrady; Kimberly M. Caldeira; Kathryn B. Vincent; Holly C. Wilcox; Eric D. Wish

2009-01-01

21

Suicidal Ideation Among College Students in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzed data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS) to assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation among college students in the United States and to examine the association between suicidal ideation and substance use in this population. The NCHRBS used a mail questionnaire to assess health-risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample of undergraduate students.

Nancy D. Brener; Sohela Sabur Hassan; Lisa Cohen Barrios

1999-01-01

22

Help Seeking and Treatment Use among Suicidal College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: Many suicidal college students do not receive mental health treatment, and the reasons for this are not fully understood. This study examines how attitudes, beliefs, and social network factors relate to help seeking among suicidal students. Participants: A random sample of 8,487 undergraduate and graduate students from 15 US…

Downs, Marilyn F.; Eisenberg, Daniel

2012-01-01

23

Help Seeking and Treatment Use Among Suicidal College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Many suicidal college students do not receive mental health treatment, and the reasons for this are not fully understood. This study examines how attitudes, beliefs, and social network factors relate to help seeking among suicidal students. Participants: A random sample of 8,487 undergraduate and graduate students from 15 US universities participated. Methods: A Web-based survey administered in spring 2009

Marilyn F. Downs; Daniel Eisenberg

2012-01-01

24

Comparing the Risk of Suicide of College Students with Nonstudents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide rates for college students were compared with rates for nonstudents using two definitions of students: full-time enrollment at 4-year institutions, and all-inclusive postsecondary enrollment. For traditionally aged females, comparing the suicide rate of students (3.0 per 100,000) to the rate for same-age nonstudents rather than the…

Schwartz, Allan J.

2013-01-01

25

Physical Activity, Sports Participation, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Used data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to evaluate the relationship between physical activity, sports participation, and suicide among college students. Overall, selected physical activity patterns were associated in a non-systematic manner with decreased or increased odds of suicidal behavior among male and female…

Brown, David R.; Blanton, Curtis J.

2002-01-01

26

Physical Activity, Sports Participation, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to evaluate the relationship between physical activity, sports participation, and suicide among college students. Overall, selected physical activity patterns were associated in a non-systematic manner with decreased or increased odds of suicidal behavior among male and female…

Brown, David R.; Blanton, Curtis J.

2002-01-01

27

Depression Moderated the Effect of Exposure to Suicide News on Suicidality among College Students in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was designed to examine whether age, gender, and depression level may moderate the effect of exposure to suicide news on the suicidality of college students in Taiwan. A representative sample of 3,222 college students were recruited from Southern Taiwan with a total of 2,602 useable surveys returned. Results showed that only…

Chiu, Szu-Hua; Ko, Huei-Chen; Wu, Jo Yung-Wei

2007-01-01

28

Risk Factors for Suicide in Taiwanese College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors investigated the personality characteristics, psychopathology, parenting style, and family function among Taiwanese college students with high, moderate, and low suicidal risks. Participants: The sample included 2,919 first-year college students (1,414 men, 1,505 women) from a university in Taipei, Taiwan. Methods: A…

Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Chen, Ying-Yeh; Tsai, Fang-Ju; Lee, Ming-Been; Chiu, Yen-Nan; Soong, Wei-Tsuen; Hwu, Hai-Gwo

2008-01-01

29

Coping, Reasons for Living, and Suicide in Black College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined the roles of reasons for living and coping in protecting against suicidal behaviors among 361 Black college students. Results of a path analysis revealed that reasons for living mediated against suicidal ideation through an inverse effect on depression. Results also indicated that greater use of emotion-oriented coping may…

Wang, Mei-Chuan; Nyutu, Pius N.; Tran, Kimberly K.

2012-01-01

30

Stress, Coping and Suicide Ideation in Chinese College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study was to examine 1) whether stress and coping styles could significantly predict the probability of suicide ideation; 2) and whether coping styles were mediators or moderators on the association between life stress and suicide ideation. The survey was conducted in a sample of 671 Chinese college students. Approximately twenty percent…

Zhang, Xiaoyun; Wang, Haiping; Xia, Yan; Liu, Xiaohong; Jung, Eunju

2012-01-01

31

Coping, Reasons for Living, and Suicide in Black College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the roles of reasons for living and coping in protecting against suicidal behaviors among 361 Black college students. Results of a path analysis revealed that reasons for living mediated against suicidal ideation through an inverse effect on depression. Results also indicated that greater use of emotion-oriented coping may…

Wang, Mei-Chuan; Nyutu, Pius N.; Tran, Kimberly K.

2012-01-01

32

Help-Seeking and Treatment Use Among Suicidal College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Many suicidal college students do not receive mental health treatment, and reasons for this are not fully understood. This study examines how attitudes, beliefs, and social network factors relate to help-seeking among suicidal students. Participants: A random sample of 8,487 undergraduate and graduate students from 15 U.S. universities participated. Methods: A Web-based survey administered in spring 2009 examined correlates

Marilyn F. Downs; Daniel Eisenberg

2012-01-01

33

An Investigation of Suicide Risk and Counseling Participation among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College suicide research consistently shows that fewer than 20 percent of college students who commit suicide were clients at their university counseling centers. Counseling participation is a known protective factor from suicide. However, to date, few studies have examined the differences between college students at risk of suicide who…

Reis, Carli H.

2010-01-01

34

The escape theory of suicide and perfectionism in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A preliminary model of the escape theory of suicide was tested in 168 college students (52 males, 116 females), who completed self-report measures of self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism, negatie life stress, depression, hopelessness, anxiety, reasons for living, and suicidal behaviors. A path analysis provided only partial validation for the model and accounted for 26% of the variance in

Paul J. Dean; Lillian M. Range

1996-01-01

35

Comprehensive College Student Suicide Assessment: Application of the BASIC ID  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whether one knows someone who is thinking of suicide, has attempted suicide, or has completed suicide, nearly all individuals who encounter suicide are affected. The influence and residual affects of suicide are further amplified as the issue reaches across communities such as college or university campuses. College and university staff must…

Paladino, Derrick; Minton, Casey A. Barrio

2008-01-01

36

Validation of Reasons for Living and Their Relationship with Suicidal Ideation in Korean College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to examine the validity of reasons for living (RFL) and the protective role they may play against suicidal ideation in college students in South Korea. A total of 277 undergraduate students participated by completing the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CS-RFL), along with measures of suicide risk including depression, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation. The five CS-RFL

Yuri Lee; Kyung Ja Oh

2012-01-01

37

Religious Commitment, Attitudes Toward Suicide, and Suicidal Behaviors Among College Students of Different Ethnic and Religious Groups in Malaysia.  

PubMed

The variation in suicide patterns across ethnic groups with different religious background is a puzzling social phenomenon. This study sought to examine the impact of religious commitment and attitudes toward suicide on suicidal behaviors of college students across major ethnic and religious groups in a multicultural society of Malaysia. A total of 139 college students completed Religious Commitment Inventory-10, Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale, and Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire-Revised. Findings showed significant discrepancies in attitudes toward suicide, but not suicidal behaviors across ethnic and religious groups. Suicide acceptance significantly affected suicidal behaviors as well. Although religious commitment is not associated with suicidal behaviors, its deviation is reflected in students' acceptance of suicide. Additionally, college students' suicide risk, lifetime, and recent suicide ideation, as well as their likelihood of future suicide attempt can be associated with their acceptance of suicide. The influence of attitudes toward suicide and religion, therefore, should be taken into consideration while implementing suicide prevention programs as it helps shape the norms about suicide among youths. PMID:23196328

Foo, Xiang Yi; Mohd Alwi, Muhd Najib; Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhillah; Ibrahim, Normala; Jamil Osman, Zubaidah

2012-11-30

38

New Data on the Nature of Suicidal Crises in College Students: Shifting the Paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents new data on the nature of suicidal crises in college students. Data were collected from over 26,000 undergraduate and graduate students at 70 colleges and universities. An anonymous Web-based survey was designed to provide insight into the full spectrum of suicidal thought, intent, and action among college students. The authors discuss implications of these data and outline

David J. Drum; Chris Brownson; Adryon Burton Denmark; Shanna E. Smith

2009-01-01

39

Suicide Risk Assessment with Asian American College Students: A Culturally Informed Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scholars have based their understanding of college-student suicide in the United States largely on the study of European Americans, and therefore, its relevance to making culturally informed decisions with suicidal Asian American college students is unclear. This article explores aspects of suicide assessment potentially unique to Asian American…

Choi, Jayoung L.; Rogers, James R.; Werth, James L., Jr.

2009-01-01

40

Aspects of Suicidal Behavior, Depression, and Treatment in College Students: Results from the Spring 2000 National College Health Assessment Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National College Health Assessment Survey (NCHA), sponsored by the American College Health Association, measured depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts among 15,977 college students in the academic year 1999? 2000. Similar to the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and…

Kisch, Jeremy; Leino, E. Victor; Silverman, Morton M.

2005-01-01

41

Self-Injurious Behavior and Suicide Attempts among Indonesian College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports the prevalence of self-injurious behavior and suicide attempts among college students in Indonesia and examines risk factors distinguishing between 3 groups: self-injury with suicide attempt, non-suicidal self-injury, and non-self-injury. Self-report questionnaires measuring self-injury and suicide attempts, negative mood…

Tresno, Fiona; Ito, Yoshimi; Mearns, Jack

2012-01-01

42

Validation of Reasons for Living and Their Relationship with Suicidal Ideation in Korean College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aimed to examine the validity of reasons for living (RFL) and the protective role they may play against suicidal ideation in college students in South Korea. A total of 277 undergraduate students participated by completing the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CS-RFL), along with measures of suicide risk including…

Lee, Yuri; Oh, Kyung Ja

2012-01-01

43

Validation of Reasons for Living and Their Relationship with Suicidal Ideation in Korean College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to examine the validity of reasons for living (RFL) and the protective role they may play against suicidal ideation in college students in South Korea. A total of 277 undergraduate students participated by completing the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CS-RFL), along with measures of suicide risk including…

Lee, Yuri; Oh, Kyung Ja

2012-01-01

44

Positive Social Support, Negative Social Exchanges, and Suicidal Behavior in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Risk for suicide is often higher among college students, compared to same-age noncollegiate peers, and may be exacerbated by quality of social support and interactions. The authors examined the independent contributions of positive social support and negative social exchanges to suicide ideation and attempts in college students. Participants: Participants were 439 volunteer undergraduate students, who were primarily female (71%).

Jameson K. Hirsch; Alison L. Barton

2011-01-01

45

College Student Suicide in the United States: 1990-1991 through 2003-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggestions that there is a growing epidemic of suicide among college students in the United States are false. The National Survey of Counseling Center Directors reports 1,404 student suicides over a 14-year period and an adjusted suicide rate of 6.5, half the rate of the general US population (12.6 for all races) during this period when matched…

Schwartz, Allan J.

2006-01-01

46

Attachment Pattern, Reasons for Living, and Suicide Risk among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the relationships between attachment, reasons for living, and suicide among 163 college students. Results indicate that, although survival and coping skills are most associated with low suicidal intentions, students' level of attachment and their view of parents as accessible are also significantly associated with low suicidal

Buelow, George; Schreiber, Roxanne; Range, Lillian M.

2000-01-01

47

College student suicide in the United States: 1990-1991 through 2003-2004.  

PubMed

Suggestions that there is a growing epidemic of suicide among college students in the United States are false. The National Survey of Counseling Center Directors reports 1,404 student suicides over a 14-year period and an adjusted suicide rate of 6.5, half the rate of the general US population (12.6 for all races) during this period when matched for gender and age. Counseling centers appear effective in treating suicidal students, for although the suicide rate for students who were currently or previously clients at campus counseling centers is 3 times the rate of other students, student clients have 18 times the risk of suicide compared to students in general. Identifying and referring students at elevated risk for suicide could further reduce the crude and relative rate of student suicide. However, even programs that do this only moderately well may require substantial increases in counseling staffing. PMID:16789650

Schwartz, Allan J

48

Positive Social Support, Negative Social Exchanges, and Suicidal Behavior in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Risk for suicide is often higher among college students, compared to same-age noncollegiate peers, and may be exacerbated by quality of social support and interactions. The authors examined the independent contributions of positive social support and negative social exchanges to suicide ideation and attempts in college students.…

Hirsch, Jameson K.; Barton, Alison L.

2011-01-01

49

Associations Between Physical Activity and Reduced Rates of Hopelessness, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors explored associations among types of physical activity and hopelessness, depression, and suicidal behavior among college students. Participants: Participants included 43,499 college students aged 18 to 25 who completed the 2005 National College Health Assessment conducted by the American College Health Association. Methods: The authors used logistic regression modeling to compare the odds of experiencing hopelessness, depression, and

Lindsay A. Taliaferro; Barbara A. Rienzo; R. Morgan Pigg; M. David Miller; Virginia J. Dodd

2009-01-01

50

Associations between Physical Activity and Reduced Rates of Hopelessness, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors explored associations among types of physical activity and hopelessness, depression, and suicidal behavior among college students. Participants: Participants included 43,499 college students aged 18 to 25 who completed the 2005 National College Health Assessment conducted by the American College Health Association. Methods:…

Taliaferro, Lindsay A.; Rienzo, Barbara A.; Pigg, R. Morgan; Miller, M. David; Dodd, Virginia J.

2009-01-01

51

Associations between Physical Activity and Reduced Rates of Hopelessness, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors explored associations among types of physical activity and hopelessness, depression, and suicidal behavior among college students. Participants: Participants included 43,499 college students aged 18 to 25 who completed the 2005 National College Health Assessment conducted by the American College Health Association. Methods:…

Taliaferro, Lindsay A.; Rienzo, Barbara A.; Pigg, R. Morgan; Miller, M. David; Dodd, Virginia J.

2009-01-01

52

Recklessness, Depression, and Reasons for Living in Predicting Suicidality in College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To assess the predictive importance of recklessness in suicidality, 155 college students completed measures of experience, depression, and suicide ideation. Results indicated that recklessness was not a component of suicidality among these nonclinical older adolescents, although it might be in younger adolescents and clinical samples. (SLD)|

Roehrig, Helmut R.; Range, Lillian M.

1995-01-01

53

Mood States as Predictors of Characteristics and Precipitants of Suicidality Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines college students' self-reported mood states during a suicidal crisis and the relationship between mood and indicators of suicidality. Multilevel modeling demonstrated that the moods of hopelessness and anger predicted stronger intent; anxiety\\/worry predicted weaker thoughts of suicide; hopelessness increased the odds of receiving professional help, having a specific plan, and having contemplated methods; and guilt decreased the

Elaine A. Hess; Martin A. Becker; Keenan A. Pituch; Andrea K. Saathoff

2011-01-01

54

Recognition of suicide lethality factors by physicians, mental health professionals, ministers, and college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tested 180 persons for recognition of suicide lethality factors. Physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, ministers, and college students (30 Ss per group) were studied. Each person completed a 4-choice, multiple-choice test consisting of 13 questions based on factors from the Suicide Potential Rating Scale. Results reveal that physicians and psychiatrists were equal in recognizing the suicide signs and significantly better

Cooper B. Holmes; Michael E. Howard

1980-01-01

55

Mood States as Predictors of Characteristics and Precipitants of Suicidality among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines college students' self-reported mood states during a suicidal crisis and the relationship between mood and indicators of suicidality. Multilevel modeling demonstrated that the moods of hopelessness and anger predicted stronger intent; anxiety/worry predicted weaker thoughts of suicide; hopelessness increased the odds of…

Hess, Elaine A.; Becker, Martin A.; Pituch, Keenan A.; Saathoff, Andrea K.

2011-01-01

56

Asian American College Students' Suicide Ideation: A Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to explore the phenomenon of suicide ideation among 293 Asian American college students. Guided by T. Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior, the authors examined the relationships among perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, self-construals, and suicide

Wong, Y. Joel; Koo, Kelly; Tran, Kimberly K.; Chiu, Yu-Chen; Mok, Yvonne

2011-01-01

57

Mood States as Predictors of Characteristics and Precipitants of Suicidality among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines college students' self-reported mood states during a suicidal crisis and the relationship between mood and indicators of suicidality. Multilevel modeling demonstrated that the moods of hopelessness and anger predicted stronger intent; anxiety/worry predicted weaker thoughts of suicide; hopelessness increased the odds of…

Hess, Elaine A.; Becker, Martin A.; Pituch, Keenan A.; Saathoff, Andrea K.

2011-01-01

58

Asian American College Students' Suicide Ideation: A Mixed-Methods Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to explore the phenomenon of suicide ideation among 293 Asian American college students. Guided by T. Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior, the authors examined the relationships among perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, self-construals, and suicide ideation. Compared with thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness was a more robust predictor of suicide ideation. However, thwarted

Y. Joel Wong; Kelly Koo; Kimberly K. Tran; Yu-Chen Chiu; Yvonne Mok

2011-01-01

59

Should Colleges Withdraw Students Who Threaten or Attempt Suicide?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the pros and cons of "involuntary withdrawals" in cases of students who are at risk of suicide. A June, 2005, Massachusetts Superior Court summary judgment ruling in the case of "Shin v. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)" concluded that MIT administrators owed a duty of care to suicide victim, Elizabeth Shin, who…

Pavela, Gary

2005-01-01

60

An Empirical Investigation of Acculturative Stress and Ethnic Identity as Moderators for Depression and Suicidal Ideation in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships of acculturative stress and ethnic identity to depressive symptomatology and suicidal ideation in college students. The SAFE Acculturative Stress Scale, Multi-Group Ethnic Identity Measure, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Suicide Scale were administered to 452 college students. The authors found that acculturative stress and ethnic identity moderated the depression-suicide ideation

Rheeda L. Walker; LaRicka R. Wingate; Ezemenari M. Obasi; Thomas E. Joiner

2008-01-01

61

Suicidal Behavior, Negative Affect, Gender, and Self-Reported Delinquency in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The associations among suicidal behavior, negative affect, and delinquency were assessed via an anonymous self-report survey administered to male and female college students ( N = 383). Contrary to our hypothesized results, there were no gender differences in rates of suicidal ideation and attempts. Confirming our hypotheses about gender…

Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Arata, Catalina; Bowers, David; O'Brien, Natalie; Morgan, Allen

2004-01-01

62

Body Investment, Depression, and Alcohol Use as Risk Factors for Suicide Proneness in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Individuals who are less invested in their bodies, experiencing symptoms of depression, and consuming alcohol are at increased risk for engaging in suicidal behaviors. Aims: This study examined the relationships among three risk factors – body investment, depression, and alcohol use – and suicide proneness as measured by the Life Attitudes Schedule – Short Form (LAS-SF) in college students

Dorian A. Lamis; Patrick S. Malone; Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling; Thomas E. Ellis

2010-01-01

63

Asian American college students' suicide ideation: a mixed-methods study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to explore the phenomenon of suicide ideation among 293 Asian American college students. Guided by T. Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior, the authors examined the relationships among perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, self-construals, and suicide ideation. Compared with thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness was a more robust predictor of suicide ideation. However, thwarted belongingness moderated the positive association between perceived burdensomeness and suicide ideation. Furthermore, interdependent self-construal and independent self-construal both weakened the link between perceived burdensomeness and suicide ideation and between thwarted belongingness and suicide ideation. The authors also conducted a qualitative analysis of participants' open-ended responses about their perceptions of why Asian American college students might consider suicide. The authors identified a core phenomenon of unfulfilled expectations as well as 2 broad themes related to this core phenomenon: unfulfilled intrapersonal expectations and unfulfilled interpersonal expectations, comprising the subthemes of (a) family, (b) relationship, (c) cultural differences, and (d) racism. These findings are discussed in terms of implications for suicide-related clinical interventions and primary prevention efforts among Asian American college students. PMID:21463030

Wong, Y Joel; Koo, Kelly; Tran, Kimberly K; Chiu, Yu-Chen; Mok, Yvonne

2011-04-01

64

Depression and Suicide among Traditional Age College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides guidance to faculty and staff about how to recognize warning signs of depression and suicide in students, and how to communicate with these students. Warning signs include excessive absences, withdrawing from friends, and changes in dress or hygiene. Communication should be done in private, should be nonjudgmental, and should demonstrate…

Higbee, Jeanne L.; Dwinell, Patricia L.

1999-01-01

65

Factors that distinguish college students with depressive symptoms with and without suicidal thoughts  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Suicide among college students is a significant public health concern. Although suicidality is linked to depression, not all depressed college students experience suicidal ideation (SI). The primary aim of this study was to determine potential factors that may distinguish college students with depressive symptoms with and without SI. METHODS A total of 287 undergraduate college students with substantial depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI] total score >13) with and without SI were compared across psychiatric and functional outcome variables. Independent sample t tests were conducted for each outcome variable using the suicide item of the BDI as a dichotomous (ie, zero vs nonzero score) grouping variable. RESULTS Relative to students with substantial depressive symptoms without SI, those with SI were more symptomatic overall, having significantly higher levels of depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and anxiety. However, contrary to our expectations, nonsuicidal and suicidal students did not differ on measures of everyday functioning (ie, cognitive and physical functioning and grade point average). CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that SI among college students is associated with increased subjective distress but may not adversely impact physical or cognitive functioning or academic performance.

Nyer, Maren; Holt, Daphne J.; Pedrelli, Paola; Fava, Maurizio; Ameral, Victoria; Cassiello, Clair F.; Nock, Matthew K.; Ross, Margaret; Hutchinson, Dori; Farabaugh, Amy

2013-01-01

66

Students' attitudes towards suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes of 800 college students from nine institutions were assessed by means of a 100 item Suicide Opinion Questionnaire. The results indicate both wide heterogeneity and communality of attitudes. Students see depression but not mental illness as a predisposing aspect. They exhibit considerable individual differences and intraindividual indecision as to religious precepts vis-a-vis suicide, see suicide as a “cry for

George Domino; Linda Gibson; Steven Poling; Laurie Westlake

1980-01-01

67

Threat Assessment Teams: A Model for Coordinating the Institutional Response and Reducing Legal Liability when College Students Threaten Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increasing numbers of college students with mental health issues are enrolling in college. If these students threaten suicide they present serious legal issues for college officials. Lack of communication and coordination of a response to these students exacerbates the issue. Threat assessment teams can serve as mechanisms to coordinate the…

Penven, James C.; Janosik, Steven M.

2012-01-01

68

Student Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Florida student suicide case alleging administrative and school board negligence had mixed results. School officials must be vigilant about the possibility of student suicide and put appropriate procedures into place. The connections to school may include confidential communications, curricular linkages (educational films and student journals),…

Zirkel, Perry A.; Gluckman, Ivan B.

1996-01-01

69

The prevalence of and psychosocial risks for suicide attempts in male and female college students in Taiwan.  

PubMed

The prevalence of and psychosocial risks for suicide attempts was investigated in college students in Taiwan by gender, after controlling for depressive symptoms. Self-reported data were collected from a nationally representative sample of 2,835 college students; 11.90% of females and 8.87% of males reported they had attempted suicide in the preceding 12 months. After controlling for depression, suicidal ideations were associated with suicide attempts in females, whereas there were fewer positive expectations toward the future associated with suicide attempts in males. Several explanations for the high prevalence of suicide attempts among college students in Taiwan were discussed. In the future, further verification of the findings is necessary. PMID:23294018

Chou, Cheng Hsiang; Ko, Huei Chen; Wu, Jo Yung-Wei; Cheng, Chung-Ping

2013-01-08

70

Suicidal ideation among students of a medical college in Western Nepal: a cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

Many studies have been conducted in the developed countries to know the magnitude and factors influencing suicidal ideation among medical students, but such data are sparse in developing countries. This cross-sectional study was therefore conducted to find out the prevalence of suicidal ideation and factors influencing such ideation among students of a medical college in Western Nepal. A total of 206 students were selected using random sampling and questioned about their socio-demographic factors, other risk factors and suicidal ideation using a preformed validated questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows Version 16.0 and the EPI Info 3.5.1 Windows Version. Descriptive statistics and testing of hypothesis were applied for the statistical methodology. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods were used to examine the association between different variables. Suicidal ideation in the last one year was present in nearly one tenth of the study population and in almost one fifth of them life-time suicidal ideation was present. Factors that were associated with suicidal ideation were primarily dissatisfaction with academic performance, being in the clinical semesters, having history of drug abuse and feeling neglected by parents. Most common reason reported for suicidal ideation was family related followed by self-related. Recognition of suicidal ideation among students and their associated factors can help in detecting it on time, making the right interventions and controlling the problem. Understanding the magnitude of the problem and their epidemiology via scientific study like this would be the first step in this process. PMID:22522041

Menezes, Ritesh G; Subba, S H; Sathian, Brijesh; Kharoshah, Magdy A; Senthilkumaran, Subramanian; Pant, Sadip; Arun, M; Kundapur, Rashmi; Jain, Animesh; Lobo, Stany Wilfred; Ravi Shankar, P

2012-04-20

71

An investigation of the validity of the SPSI and SPSI-R in differentiating high-suicidal from depressed, low-suicidal college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the validity of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory (SPSI) and SPSI—Revised in differentiating 65 high-suicidal from 63 depressed, low-suicidal college students. Results from multivariate analyses indicated overall differences in problem-solving between these two groups as measured by the SPSI but not by the SPSI-R. Further examination of these differences revealed the high-suicidal group was different in problem-solving

George A. Clum; Bin Yang; Greg A. R. Febbraro; Deborah L. Canfield; Mary Arsdel

1996-01-01

72

African American College Women's Suicide Buffers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To examine the relationships buffers may have with suicide ideation, 300 African American female college students completed measures of suicide ideation and buffers. Three variables accounted for a significant and unique portion of the variance in suicide ideation: family support, a view that suicide is unacceptable, and a collaborative religious…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

73

African American College Women's Suicide Buffers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the relationships buffers may have with suicide ideation, 300 African American female college students completed measures of suicide ideation and buffers. Three variables accounted for a significant and unique portion of the variance in suicide ideation: family support, a view that suicide is unacceptable, and a collaborative religious…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

74

The Immediate Effects of Homicidal, Suicidal, and Nonviolent Heavy Metal and Rap Songs on the Moods of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the impact of homicidal, suicidal, and nonviolent heavy metal and rap songs on the moods of male college undergraduates. Students (n=164) completed mood inventories after listening to 1 of 6 songs. Results show no effects of these songs on suicidal ideation, anxiety, or self-esteem. Rap songs elicited greater angry responses than heavy…

Ballard, Mary E.; Coates, Steven

1995-01-01

75

Alcohol-Related Problems and Risk of Suicide among College Students: The Mediating Roles of Belongingness and Burdensomeness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship among alcohol-related problems, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicide proneness in undergraduate college students (N = 996) was examined. As hypothesized, alcohol-related problems, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness were all significantly and positively correlated with suicide proneness.…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Malone, Patrick S.

2011-01-01

76

Belief system, meaningfulness, and psychopathology associated with suicidality among Chinese college students: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background Research suggests that Chinese religious believers are more likely to commit suicide than those identifying as non-religious among rural young adults, contrary to findings in Western countries. However, one cannot conclude that religiosity is associated with elevated suicide risk without examining the effect of political and religious beliefs in a generally atheist country like China where political belief plays a dominant role in the belief system of young adults. The present study investigated the effects of political and religious belief on suicidality with meaningfulness and psychopathology as potential mediators in a large representative sample of Chinese college students. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1390 first-year college students randomly sampled from 10 colleges and universities in mainland China. Results A total of 1168 respondents (84.0%) provided complete data on all variables. Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt were 45.1%, 6.8%, and 1.9% respectively, with one-year suicidal ideation showing at 19.3%. Female gender was associated with elevated risk of suicidality. Political belief but not religious belief was associated with decreased suicide risk. A significant interactive effect of political belief and religious belief was found, indicating that for political believers, being religious was associated with decreased suicide risk; for non-political believers, being religious was associated with increased suicide risk. Multi-group structural equation modeling showed that meaningfulness completely mediated and psychopathology partially mediated the effect of belief system on suicidality. Gender differences were found in pathways of political belief by religious beliefs to suicidality and political belief to psychopathology. The coefficients were significant for males but not for females. Conclusions In less religious societies, political belief may serve as a means of integration as does religious affiliation in religious societies. Males were more likely to benefit from the protective effect of a belief system on suicidality than females.

2012-01-01

77

The benefits of discussing suicide with Alaska native college students: qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews.  

PubMed

Suicide represents a significant health disparity for communities in rural Alaska, and has implications for mental health among people who have lost loved ones from suicide. A qualitative interview study was conducted to examine the ways in which suicide has affected the lives of college students who have migrated from rural villages to an urban university (N = 25). The present research represents a secondary aim of the study-specifically, we examined the affective responses of Alaska Native college students from rural villages after completing in-depth semistructured interviews about their experiences related to suicide. Debriefing questions posed at the conclusion of the interviews revealed that the majority of participants (n 16) stated they felt "better" after completing the interview, and no participants reported feeling "worse." No participant required the use of the safety plan developed in case of severe emotional distress. All participants indicated they would be interested in participating in future research. Analysis of questions pertaining to the interview experience revealed the salience of foundation (the participant's prior experience discussing issues like suicide), process (the interview questions and questioning style), and outcomes (the challenges and benefits of participation described by the respondent). Findings provided important insights concerning the experience of discussing past trauma, perceived importance of research addressing coping with suicide, and the influence of past experiences in the process of talking about suicide. PMID:23148904

DeCou, Christopher R; Skewes, Monica C; López, Ellen D S; Skanis, Marie L

2012-11-12

78

Suicide Proneness in College Students: Relationships with Gender, Procrastination, and Achievement Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships between 2 academic dispositions (i.e., procrastination and achievement motivation) and 2 indices of suicidal proneness in college women and men. The degree these 2 academic dispositions could predict unique variance in suicide proneness scores, above and beyond the influence of depression and self-esteem was…

Klibert, Jeffrey; Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Luna, Amy; Robichaux, Michelle

2011-01-01

79

Suicide Proneness in College Students: Relationships with Gender, Procrastination, and Achievement Motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationships between 2 academic dispositions (i.e., procrastination and achievement motivation) and 2 indices of suicidal proneness in college women and men. The degree these 2 academic dispositions could predict unique variance in suicide proneness scores, above and beyond the influence of depression and self-esteem was also examined for each gender. Participants included 475 (336 women, 139

Jeffrey Klibert; Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling; Amy Luna; Michelle Robichaux

2011-01-01

80

Cultural Orientation, Family Cohesion, and Family Support in Suicide Ideation and Depression among African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extends previous research by examining the role of communalism, family cohesion, and family support in suicide ideation and depression in African American college students. Results show that communalism, family cohesion, and family support were positively associated with each other. Higher levels of family cohesion and family support were…

Harris, Treniece Lewis; Molock, Sherry Davis

2000-01-01

81

Attitudes of college students about physician-assisted suicide: The influence of life experiences, religiosity, and belief in autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes attitudes of college sudents about physician-assisted suicide, analyzes key factors that predict attitudes on this issue, and compares these attitudes with those regarding other forms of end-of-life actions. Data were collected via personal interviews with 200 randomly selected students at a 4-year college. A majority of respondents believe that a physician should be able to assist in

Gregory L. Weiss

1996-01-01

82

Hopelessness and Suicidal Behavior among Chinese, Thai and Korean College Students and Predictive Effects of the World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to assess the current status of suicide behavior and to examine the association between hopeless feelings, suicidal behavior and components of the WHO Quality-of-Life-BREF instrument among college students (n = 1,217) in China, Thailand, and Korea. Results showed 3.7% Thai, 10% Chinese, and 13.2% Korean students

Kay, Noy; Li, Kaigang; Xiao, Xia; Nokkaew, Nattiporn; Park, Bock-Hee

2009-01-01

83

Suicidal ideation and sexual orientation in college students: the roles of perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and perceived rejection due to sexual orientation.  

PubMed

A theoretical model in which perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness were hypothesized to account for the association between sexual orientation and suicidal ideation among college students was tested. Among 198 college students (mean age 21.28 years), gay, lesbian, and bisexual students (n = 50) reported significantly higher levels of perceived burdensomeness and suicidal ideation than heterosexual students. The relationship between sexual orientation and suicidal ideation was partially accounted for by perceived burdensomeness, but not thwarted belongingness. This indirect effect was stronger at higher levels of perceived or anticipated rejection due to one's sexual orientation. Implications for intervention and prevention science are discussed. PMID:22882479

Hill, Ryan M; Pettit, Jeremy W

2012-08-10

84

The Relationship of Level of Positive Mental Health with Current Mental Disorders in Predicting Suicidal Behavior and Academic Impairment in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To investigate whether level of positive mental health complements mental illness in predicting students at risk for suicidal behavior and impaired academic performance. Participants: A sample of 5,689 college students participated in the 2007 Healthy Minds Study and completed an Internet survey that included the Mental Health…

Keyes, Corey L. M.; Eisenberg, Daniel; Perry, Geraldine S.; Dube, Shanta R.; Kroenke, Kurt; Dhingra, Satvinder S.

2012-01-01

85

Education Management among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews College students frequently have more complex problems today, including both the typical or expected college student problems difficulties in relationships and developmental issues as well as the more severe problems, such as depression, sexual assault and thoughts of suicide. That is the finding of a study involving 600 students seeking help in Henan Polytechnic University over a

Zhao Ning

2010-01-01

86

Gender Differences in Risk and Protective Factors for Suicidal Ideation among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The correlates and predictors of suicidal ideation were examined in 303 male and 691 female undergraduates. Results indicated that hopelessness predicted suicidal ideation in both samples; however, depression was found to be a significant suicide risk factor only in women. In contrast, alcohol-related problems and social support from family…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Lester, David

2013-01-01

87

Suicide Prevention for LGBT Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Extensive media coverage of the suicide deaths of several gay and lesbian youth has highlighted lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth as a population at-risk for suicide. In addition, it has caused colleges and universities to address mental health and suicide behavior among this very diverse college population. One issue that…

Johnson, R. Bradley; Oxendine, Symphony; Taub, Deborah J.; Robertson, Jason

2013-01-01

88

Longitudinal predictors of past-year non-suicidal self-injury and motives among college students  

PubMed Central

Background Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is the deliberate and direct injuring of body tissue without suicidal intent for purposes not socially sanctioned. Few studies have examined the correlates of NSSI among young adults. This paper aimed to identify predictors of lifetime and past-year NSSI; describe motives for NSSI and disclosure of NSSI to others. Method Interviews were conducted annually with 1,081 students enrolled in the College Life Study, a prospective longitudinal study conducted at one large public mid-Atlantic university. NSSI characteristics were assessed at Year 4. Demographic and predictor variables were assessed during Years 1 through 4. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify correlates of lifetime NSSI and predictors of past-year NSSI. Results The prevalence of past-year and lifetime NSSI were 2% and 7%, respectively(>70% were female for both lifetime and past-year NSSI). Seven percent of NSSI cases self-injured once, whereas almost half self-injured six or more times. Independent predictors of past-year NSSI were maternal depression, non-heterosexual orientation, affective dysregulation, and depression. Independent predictors of lifetime NSSI were depression, non-heterosexual orientation, paternal depression, and female sex. One in six participants with NSSI attempted suicide by young adulthood. The three most commonly reported motives for NSSI were mental distress, coping, and situational stressors. Two-thirds (89%) told someone about their NSSI, most commonly a friend (68%). Conclusions This study identified unique predictors of NSSI, which should help elucidate its etiology and has implications for early identification and interventions.

Wilcox, Holly C.; Arria, Amelia M.; Caldeira, Kimberly M.; Vincent, Kathryn B.; Pinchevsky, Gillian M.; O'Grady, Kevin E.

2011-01-01

89

Attributional style as a diathesis in predicting depression, hopelessness, and suicide ideation in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attributional style was examined as a diathesis for depression, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation. A naturalistic stressor—obtaining a D or F on an Introductory Psychology exam—was used in a longitudinal design to test for the effects of stress in predicting these criteria. Controlling for preexam levels of depression, hopelessness, and suicide ideation, prestress attributional style was consistently related to poststress levels

Michael J. Priester; George A. Clum

1992-01-01

90

Identification of Coping Ideation and Strategies Preventing Suicidality in a College-Age Sample.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explored coping mechanisms for prevention of progressive lethality in suicidal behavior. College students (n=296) with no suicidal ideation, mild ideation, severe ideation, or having attempted suicide, completed Reasons for Living Inventory, instrument for age-specific coping cognitions, and scale of coping strategies for diminishing suicidality.…

Kralik, Kathleen M.; Danforth, Walter J.

1992-01-01

91

Suicidality and cognitive vulnerability to depression among college students: a prospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a behavioral high-risk two-site prospective design, we tested the cognitive vulnerability hypotheses about suicidality. Consistent with prediction, the high cognitive risk (HR) participants were more likely than the low cognitive risk (LR) participants to exhibit suicidality, measured by both structured diagnostic interview and questionnaire self-report, during the 21\\/2 year prospective follow-up period. Moreover, when the prospective period was examined

Lyn Y. Abramson; Lauren B. Alloy; Michael E. Hogan; Wayne G. Whitehouse; Michelle Cornette; Sogoli Akhavan; Alexandra Chiara

1998-01-01

92

Counselling, Suicide Risk Assessment, and Retention in a Community College (2004-2009)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focused on Suicide Risk Assessment (SRA) protocols completed by counsellors for 153 students who presented with suicidal ideation at a community college counselling centre during a five year period. This study sought to: determine the number of students presenting with suicidal ideation annually; identify the types of interventions…

Porter, Shirley

2010-01-01

93

Rate, Relative Risk, and Method of Suicide by Students at 4-Year Colleges and Universities in the United States, 2004-2005 through 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A total of 622 suicides were reported among students attending 645 distinct campuses from 2004-2005 through 2008-2009. Adjusting for gender in the population at risk of 14.9 million student-years and for the source of these data, the student suicide rate of 7.0 was significantly and substantially lower than for a matched national sample. Suicide

Schwartz, Allan J.

2011-01-01

94

Sociocultural Determinants of Suicide Ideation: A Comparison between American and Ghanaian College Samples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the role of gender, family cohesion, religiosity, and negative suicide attitudes as potential determinants of cultural differences in suicide ideation among 375 college students from Ghana and the United States. Significant cultural differences were found for suicide ideation, family closeness, religiosity, and negative…

Eshun, Sussie

2003-01-01

95

Depression and College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... or "feeling blue." Q. How does depression affect college students? A. In 2011, the American College Health Association– ... not left alone. Q. How can research help college students who have depression? A. The National Institute of ...

96

College Student Morale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a discussion and statistical data concerning the various sources of college impact on students. Student-administration, student-faculty, and student-student relationships are discussed and tables are presented that represent the attitudes of 372 college students from 2 liberal arts colleges toward these relationships. Also…

Robinson, Lora H.

97

University Students' Perceived Self-Efficacy in Identifying Suicidal Warning Signs and Helping Suicidal Friends Find Campus Intervention Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Currently, suicide is the third leading cause of death among youth 18 to 24 years of age and the second leading cause of death on college campuses. A sample of students (N = 1,019) from three midwestern universities were surveyed regarding their perceived self-efficacy in identifying suicide warning signs and campus suicide intervention…

King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca A.; Strader, Jennifer L.

2008-01-01

98

Drivers of Disparity: Differences in Socially Based Risk Factors of Self-injurious and Suicidal Behaviors Among Sexual Minority College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (ie, sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood. Objective: To test the association between socially based stressors (eg, victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. Participants: A national sample of college-attending 18- to 24-year-olds. Methods: Random or census samples from

John Blosnich; Robert Bossarte

2012-01-01

99

Drivers of Disparity: Differences in Socially-Based Risk Factors of Self-injurious and Suicidal Behaviors Among Sexual Minority College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (i.e., sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood. Objective: To test the association between socially-based stressors (e.g., victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. Participants: A national sample of college-attending 18- to 24-year-olds. Methods: Random or census samples from post-secondary

John Blosnich; Robert Bossarte

2012-01-01

100

Tragic Accident or Wrongful Death? Assessing the Effectiveness of MIT's Responses in a High-Profile Student Suicide Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Given the prevalence of mental health issues and suicidal ideation among U.S. college students, higher education institutions are likely to face a student suicide crisis at some point. The messages college administrators send in the aftermath of a student suicide crisis have the potential to placate or exacerbate the outrage that stakeholders…

Hudson, Tara D.

2011-01-01

101

Differences in Suicidal Experiences of Male and Female Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Differences in the suicidal experiences of males and females and of undergraduate and graduate students have not been thoroughly explored. Furthermore, given the changing dynamics of college student suicidality and the challenges of suicide prevention, it is important to continue updating the research in this area. This article presents findings…

Brownson, Chris; Drum, David J.; Smith, Shanna E.; Denmark, Adryon Burton

2011-01-01

102

Rate, relative risk, and method of suicide by students at 4-year colleges and universities in the United States, 2004-2005 through 2008-2009.  

PubMed

A total of 622 suicides were reported among students attending 645 distinct campuses from 2004-2005 through 2008-2009. Adjusting for gender in the population at risk of 14.9 million student-years and for the source of these data, the student suicide rate of 7.0 was significantly and substantially lower than for a matched national sample. Suicide rates by firearm were significantly and substantially lower for both female and male students. Hanging was significantly and substantially lower for male students, less prominently so for female students. It is principally the ninefold decrease in the availability of firearms on campuses (vs. homes) and secondarily other features of the campus environment that are the bases for lower student suicide rates. PMID:21535095

Schwartz, Allan J

2011-05-02

103

It's Time to Talk: Tribal Colleges Tackle Culture of Silence about Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compared to the general population, American Indians are experiencing an alarmingly increased rate of suicide, which some estimate at 50% higher than other ethnic groups. On the campuses of some tribal colleges, things look equally bleak, with 15% of students reporting that they seriously considered suicide over the past 12 months. While the…

Freeman, Janet

2010-01-01

104

Role of Gender and Rumination in Suicide Ideation: A Comparison of College Samples From Ghana and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of ruminative coping and gender as potential moderators of cultural differences in suicide ideation among 194 college students from Ghana and the United States were studied. Participants completed the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire and the Rumination scale of the Response Style Questionnaire. Significant main effects for cultural group and gender were found for suicide ideation. Furthermore, gender and

Sussie Eshun

2000-01-01

105

Suicide attempts and threats on one college campus: policy and practice.  

PubMed

Because of a university policy requiring a mental health evaluation of every student who is cause for worry with respect to his or her own safety, the counseling center at the College of William and Mary has been able to examine almost all situations in which students are suicidal or thought to be suicidal. Over the course of 1 calendar year, counseling center clinicians recorded data on every case of students who attempted or threatened suicide or were otherwise of concern to residence life staff or faculty or administrators because of a perceived potential for suicidality. Sixty such situations, including 11 suicide attempts and 14 threats, arose. No completed suicides were recorded. The rate of suicide attempts was 14.5 per 10,000 students, and the rate of suicide threats was 18.4 per 10,000 students, a total of 32.9 cases per 10,000 students. Findings by race, gender, and class are outlined, although low base rates did not yield adequate statistical power to make comparisons practical within these groupings. The most prevalent risk factor found in suicide attempters was work or school failure; for suicide threateners, it was difficulty in a relationship; and for those found to be nonsuicidal, the major problem was social isolation. Follow-up therapy was the most frequently used intervention for attempts and threats, whereas instructions for using the emergency on-call system was the most used option in the otherwise worrisome cases.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8132937

Meilman, P W; Pattis, J A; Kraus-Zeilmann, D

1994-01-01

106

An Analysis of Suicidal Ideation in a College Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies were designed to develop and validate a model of current suicidal ideation. In Study 1, students that reported past suicide attempts (n = 48) were compared to controls (n = 49) on nine variables previously linked to suicidal behavior. In the resulting model, borderline personality characteristics and social support were found to correlate with current suicidal ideation, supporting a mediating model. In

Elizabeth L. Jeglic; Carolyn M. Pepper; Holly A. Vanderhoff; Karen A. Ryabchenko

2007-01-01

107

Loneliness among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews empirical research concerning loneliness among college students to sensitize family life specialists to the importance of loneliness within this age group. Presents a profile of the lonely college student from research findings which relate loneliness to personal attributes, interpersonal behaviors, and social network conditions.…

Ponzetti, James J., Jr.

1990-01-01

108

Understanding Depression and Suicide. Student Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet was developed to provide students with some basic information on suicide. It describes the symptoms of depression and discusses the relationship between depression and suicide. Several important warning signs which may indicate that a person is considering suicide are presented, including physical, emotional, and behavioral signs.…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Special Educational Services Branch.

109

Drinking among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a study on the ways in which alcohol is built into the social role and social life of college students. Provides direct support for the idea that the patterns of drinking alcoholic beverages are integral to social and structural aspects of college. (LKS)

Rabow, Jerome; Duncan-Schill, Marilyn

1995-01-01

110

Cultural Differences, Perfectionism, and Suicidal Risk in a College Population: Does Social Problem Solving Still Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relations between cultural influences,perfectionism, social problem solving, and subsequentsuicidal risk (viz., hopelessness and suicide potential)were examined among 148 college students. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to determinewhether social problem solving predicted suicidal risk(1 month later) beyond what was accounted for by ethnicstatus (Asian American or Caucasian American) and perfectionism. Results of these analysesindicated that ethnic status (Step 1) was

Edward C. Chang

1998-01-01

111

Health Care for College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Care for College Students Ages & Stages Listen Health Care for College Students Article Body I'll be ... student health service before starting an exercise program. Health care on campus If you are going to live ...

112

Depression in Freshmen College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adjustment to college life and attending a university for the first time can be a stressful experience for college students. Because of the challenges faced when adapting to these life changes, college students are at risk of developing depressive symptomology. The development of depressive symptoms can lead to negative life events in the lives of college students, the most significant

Julie Marie Brandy

2011-01-01

113

College Students and Alcohol.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interprets data obtained through surveys concerning Soviet college students' alcohol consumption. Examines onset of drinking, frequency of drinking and inebriation, peer influence, gender differences, and students' self-assessments of alcohol use. Considers alcohol's habituating effects and consequent impact on individual development. (CH)|

Levin, Boris Mikhailovich; Levin, Mikhail Borisovich

1990-01-01

114

College Students and Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this paper examined the computer competencies of 193 undergraduate students at East Carolina University (North Carolina). A 10-item questionnaire inquired about previous computer courses in both high school and college. About 50 percent of the students had taken a computer course or had worked with computers at home or on the…

Brown, Bob; Kester, Diane

115

Self-Reported Suicidal Behavior and Attitudes Toward Suicide and Suicide Prevention Among Psychology Students in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-reported suicidal behavior and attitudes toward suicide in psychology students are reported and compared in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway. Small differences only were found in own suicidal behavior. However, experience of suicidal behavior in the surroundings was more common in Uganda than in Ghana and Norway. Although differences were found between the three countries in attitudes toward suicide, which emphasizes

Heidi Hjelmeland; Charity S. Akotia; Vicki Owens; Birthe L. Knizek; Hilmar Nordvik; Rose Schroeder; Eugene Kinyanda

2008-01-01

116

Reasons for Living and Alcohol Use among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Heavy alcohol consumption is prevalent on many college campuses and alcohol use has been linked to suicidal behavior. The present study examined reasons for living in 287 college students with varying levels of risk for alcohol-related problems. With the exception of the moral objections subscale of the Reasons for Living Inventory, significant…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Ellis, Jon B.; Chumney, Frances L.; Dula, Chris S.

2009-01-01

117

Suicide Management Skills and the Medical Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As measured by self-assessment, medical students' suicide management skills appear to be better among those having completed a medical interviewing course and those having completed a six-week inpatient psychiatry rotation. Attitudes toward the acceptability of suicide had no impact on selection of correct responses. The utility of the instrument…

Neimeyer, Robert A.; Diamond, Ronald J.

1983-01-01

118

College students and the flu  

MedlinePLUS

... and a lot of social activities make a college student more likely to catch the flu. This article will give you information about the flu and college students. This is not a substitute for medical advice ...

119

College Students Come of Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities today attract a student population less homogeneous than those of past generations. The majority of all college students are women, and adults 25 years and older account for over 40% of all college enrollments. A study was conducted to examine inherent similarities and differences among college students with age a critical factor.…

Epstein, Howard V.

120

Student Persistence in Community Colleges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study extends the research on student persistence in community colleges by investigating factors likely to influence a student's decision to drop out or stay in school. Specifically, this study examined demographic, financial, academic, academic integration, and psychosocial variables and their relationship to student persistence. A sample of 427 community college students completed a 63-item survey assessing psychosocial variables

Mikiko A. Nakajima; Myron H. Dembo; Ron Mossler

2012-01-01

121

Successful Tribal College Student Internship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The North Dakota Association of Tribal Colleges (NDATC) would like to host a student panel for the AGU community in order to convey the ingredients of a successful student internship program from the tribal student view. Tribal college students offer a unique perspective to the study and utilization of Earth systems science, and we would be prepared to help others

J. Nall

2003-01-01

122

Immigrant College Students' Academic Obstacles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Immigrant college student populations continue to grow on college campuses across the nation; yet, little is known about the experiences of immigrant students. This paper examines differences in perceived academic obstacles between immigrant students and non-immigrant students at six large, public research universities (n = 56,000). The…

Soria, Krista M.; Stebleton, Michael

2013-01-01

123

College Planning for Gifted Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

College planning is a major event in the lives of many families. For gifted students, college planning should be one step in a life development process that takes place between 7th and 12th grades. Characteristics of gifted students that affect their college planning include multipotentiality, sensitivity to competing expectations, uneven development, ownership of their abilities, dissonance, taking risks, and a

Sandra L. Berger

124

College Students' Attitudes About Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reviews empirical studies on trends in attitudes toward lesbians and gay men and compares data from a 1985 survey of 297 students living in a college residence hall with data collected in 2001 when 152 students living in the same residence hall responded to a similar questionnaire. College students in 2001 expressed more accepting attitudes toward lesbians, reported

Bernie Sue Newman

2007-01-01

125

Handwashing among female college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Handwashing has been recognized as a critical factor in infection control policies. Whereas handwashing compliance among health care workers and school-aged students has been previously documented, practices among college students remain relatively unknown. The objective of this study was to determine handwashing compliance of female college students after using the bathroom. A researcher situated in a toilet stall unobtrusively observed

Danielle Drankiewicz; Lauren Dundes

2003-01-01

126

A Psychological Autopsy of the Suicide of an Academically Gifted Student: Researchers' and Parents' Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses the methods and procedures of psychological autopsy to portray the life of an academically gifted college student who completed suicide. The study is unique in that it follows the subject across his 21 years of life, highlighting relevant milestones and significant stages and events. A comprehensive view of the life and death of a gifted student is

Tracy L. Cross; Karyn Gust-Brey; P. Bonny Ball

2002-01-01

127

Cultural Variations in Hopelessness, Optimism, and Suicidal Ideation: A Study of Ghana and U.S. College Samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a follow-up study on previous findings of cultural differences in responses to depressive mood, college students from Ghana and the United States completed measures of hopelessness, optimism, and suicidal ideation. Statistical analyses were performed to compare differences in means between the two countries. Compared to the U.S. sample, Ghanaian college students reported less feelings of hopelessness,t(179) = -3.365,p <

Sussie Eshun

1999-01-01

128

Loneliness in College Students: Some Theoretical, Empirical, and Therapeutic Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Clinical, psychoanalytical, and existential hypotheses were reviewed and tested using college students as subjects. When a measure of loneliness was correlated with a number of personality scales, loneliness was positively related to depression, hopelessness, paranoia, alienation, external locus of control, aggression, and potential suicide, but…

Diamant, Louis; Windholz, George

1981-01-01

129

Preventing mental health problems among lesbian and gay college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual experience major stresses in managing their sexual orientation. They are at risk for serious mental health problems, including suicide and depression. The mental health concerns of lesbian and gay male college students are reviewed. These problems result from the difficulties involved in developing a lesbian or gay personal identity, and are

Anthony R. D'Augelli

1993-01-01

130

A qualitative study of attitudes toward suicide and suicide prevention among psychology students in Ghana.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to investigate attitudes toward suicide and suicide prevention among psychology students in Ghana by means of a qualitative analysis of open-ended questions about causes of suicide and how suicide best can be prevented. The students mainly saw the causes as intra-personal and almost all of them believed that suicide can be prevented. The results indicated a huge impact of religion on the attitudes toward suicide as well as some lack of distinction between their religious and professional roles and responsibilities. PMID:21375120

Knizek, Birthe Loa; Akotia, Charity Sylvia; Hjelmeland, Heidi

131

College Affordability and Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College--whether with a vocational or liberal-arts bent--gives students an opportunity to test areas of interest, to follow their passions, or perhaps to find passions that they didn't know they had. The question for the nation is how to provide college "opportunity" more broadly. That means a system that makes it possible for students--rich or…

Shireman, Robert

2009-01-01

132

College Students with Psychiatric Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on college students with psychiatric disabilities. It defines and discusses various psychiatric conditions such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and personality disorders. It concludes with accommodations that a college professor can make to help these students succeed in higher education. (Contains 1…

Singh, Delar K.

2011-01-01

133

Success Strategies for College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook for those involved in assisting and encouraging college students to persist and graduate covers the following topics: benefits of college; persistence factors; successful students; a mission that motivates; results in real time; self-management through self-mastery (time management, assertiveness, study skills, learning styles, and…

de Silva, Deema; Freund, Clara

134

Researchers View Junior College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review covers five views of junior college students. Dorothy Knoell reminds the college of its growing community service function. It must be ready for several student clienteles with changing needs, interests, activities, and values; for the under-educated of all ages; and for those special populations not served by other schools, all…

Knoell, Dorothy M.; And Others

1969-01-01

135

ADHD Coaching and College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current case study was designed to further the utility of Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) coaching for college students. Seven college or graduate students underwent eight weeks of an ADHD coaching intervention, and resulting qualitative data was analyzed by the researcher. Results showed that all participants who completed the coaching process felt ADHD coaching was just as or more beneficial than

Abigail Leigh Reaser

2007-01-01

136

The Impact of Experiential Exercises on Communication and Relational Skills in a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper-Training Program for College Resident Advisors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: In an effort to identify students at risk for suicide, many colleges are implementing suicide prevention training for campus gatekeepers. This study evaluated the efficacy of a 3-hour, experiential-based gatekeeper training that included an emphasis on enhancing communication skills and relational connection in addition to the didactic…

Pasco, Susan; Wallack, Cory; Sartin, Robert M.; Dayton, Rebecca

2012-01-01

137

The Impact of Experiential Exercises on Communication and Relational Skills in a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper-Training Program for College Resident Advisors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In an effort to identify students at risk for suicide, many colleges are implementing suicide prevention training for campus gatekeepers. This study evaluated the efficacy of a 3-hour, experiential-based gatekeeper training that included an emphasis on enhancing communication skills and relational connection in addition to the didactic…

Pasco, Susan; Wallack, Cory; Sartin, Robert M.; Dayton, Rebecca

2012-01-01

138

Attitudes of Hungarian students and nurses to physician assisted suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Hungary, which has one of the highest rates of suicide in the world, physician assisted suicide (PAS) and euthanasia are punishable criminal acts. Attitudes towards self destruction and assisted suicide are, however, very controversial. We investigated the attitudes of medical students, nurses and social science students in Hungary towards PAS, using a twelve item scale: the total number of

S Fekete; P Osvath; A Jegesy

2002-01-01

139

Suicidality Among High School Students in Hong Kong, SAR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide is the leading cause of death in Hong Kong SAR for the youth aged 15?24. This study examined the prevalence of suicidality among secondary school students in Hong Kong using a representative, territory-wide sample of 2,586 students. Suicidal behaviors can be conceptualized as a spectrum of self-destructive behaviors. Cumulative logit…

Yip, Paul S. F.; Liu, K. Y.; Lam, T. H.; Stewart, Sunita M.; Chen, Eric; Fan, Susan

2004-01-01

140

Drivers of Disparity: Differences in Socially Based Risk Factors of Self-Injurious and Suicidal Behaviors among Sexual Minority College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (ie, sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood. Objective: To test the association between socially based stressors (eg, victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and…

Blosnich, John; Bossarte, Robert

2012-01-01

141

Understanding the Working College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working is now a fundamental responsibility for many undergraduates. But understanding how employment affects students' educational experiences is complicated by why students work. Many students must work to pay the costs of attending college. Some traditional-age students may use employment as a way to explore career options or earn spending…

Perna, Laura W.

2010-01-01

142

Understanding the Working College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Working is now a fundamental responsibility for many undergraduates. But understanding how employment affects students' educational experiences is complicated by why students work. Many students must work to pay the costs of attending college. Some traditional-age students may use employment as a way to explore career options or earn spending…

Perna, Laura W.

2010-01-01

143

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Applied to College Students: A Randomized Clinical Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: College counseling centers (CCCs) are increasingly being called upon to treat highly distressed students with complex clinical presentations. This study compared the effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) for suicidal college students with an optimized control condition and analyzed baseline global functioning as a…

Pistorello, Jacqueline; Fruzzetti, Alan E.; MacLane, Chelsea; Gallop, Robert; Iverson, Katherine M.

2012-01-01

144

Dating Violence among College Students: Key Issues for College Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors present a review of literature examining dating violence among college students. They describe 6 key issues related to dating violence among college students that affect college counselors' work. These key issues relate to the incidence and prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychological violence in college students' dating…

Murray, Christine E.; Kardatzke, Kerrie N.

2007-01-01

145

Community College Students: Perceptions and Paradoxes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores perceptions of community college students and their characteristics, focusing on issues of responsibility, perceptions of self and others, personal experiences, and academic preparedness relative to community college status. A brief survey was developed to measure these perceptions in both community college and 4-year\\/senior college education students within the same university system. Results indicate that community college students

Rosaria Caporrimo

2007-01-01

146

Addressing Peer Death by Suicide: The School's Role in the Aftermath of Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent suicide devastates family, friends, and the larger community of the deceased. This dissertation seeks to explore the impact of peer death by suicide on students in the school system, and the policies that schools have put in place to address these effects. This work will critically evaluate current suicide bereavement interventions, and…

Paxson, Sarah A.

2008-01-01

147

The Short-Term Effectiveness of a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training Program in a College Setting with Residence Life Advisers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the college years prove to be a vulnerable time for students and a critical period for suicide prevention, few school-based prevention strategies have been empirically evaluated. The current study examined the short-term effects of Question, Persuade, and Refer (QPR), a gatekeeper training program that teaches how to recognize warning…

Tompkins, Tanya L.; Witt, Jody

2009-01-01

148

College Student Retention: Formula for Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although access to higher education is virtually universally available, many students who start in a higher education program drop out prior to completing a degree or achieving their individual academic and/or social goals. In response to student attrition, colleges have developed intervention programs and services to try to retain students. In…

Seidman, Alan

2005-01-01

149

College Student Press Freedom and Student Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews court decisions affecting censorship and freedom of the student press at public and private colleges. Considers recent attempts at censorship and their outcomes. Discusses links between freedom of the press on campus and student personnel services. Outlines areas in which student personnel workers can help safeguard press freedom on…

Salazar, Pamela Reed

1986-01-01

150

The medical student and the suicidal patient.  

PubMed Central

Today's medical students are being confronted with ethical situations of far greater complexity than were their predecessors and yet the medical education system does little to prepare students for the ethical dilemmas which they inevitably face when entering the hospital environment. The following article addresses the issues surrounding a case where a patient has told a student in confidence of his plans to commit suicide. What should the student do? The only way for the student to prevent death is by breaking confidentiality because the student has insufficient clinical experience to provide adequate guidance. However, this requires ignoring the patient's right to autonomy, a right enshrined in both case law and medical ethics. Clearly the student's ethical, moral and legal position must be carefully evaluated.

Barrett, N A

1997-01-01

151

Suicidal ideation and its correlates: testing the interpersonal theory of suicide in Chinese students.  

PubMed

The present study explored the validity of Joiner's interpersonal theory of suicide in a sample of 439 Chinese university students 17 to 24 years of age. The results indicated that the three elements of the theory (thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability for self-harm) were associated with current suicidal ideation in the total sample of students. For men, only thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness predicted suicidal ideation, whereas all three elements of the theory predicted suicidal ideation for women. Multiple regression analyses, controlling for other variables, supported the role of burdensomeness and acquired capability for suicide, but not thwarted belongingness. PMID:23889573

Zhang, Jie; Lester, David; Zhao, Sibo; Zhou, Chengchao

2013-01-01

152

Student Persistence in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study extends the research on student persistence in community colleges by investigating factors likely to influence a student's decision to drop out or stay in school. Specifically, this study examined demographic, financial, academic, academic integration, and psychosocial variables and their relationship to student persistence. A…

Nakajima, Mikiko A.; Dembo, Myron H.; Mossler, Ron

2012-01-01

153

Student Persistence in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study extends the research on student persistence in community colleges by investigating factors likely to influence a student's decision to drop out or stay in school. Specifically, this study examined demographic, financial, academic, academic integration, and psychosocial variables and their relationship to student persistence. A…

Nakajima, Mikiko A.; Dembo, Myron H.; Mossler, Ron

2012-01-01

154

Screening College Students for Hypercholesterolemia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes one college's mandatory mass cholesterol screening for new students. Each year, over 30 beginning students with unknown hypercholesterolemia were detected. The program suggests that mass screening efficiently and economically identifies students who would benefit from cholesterol reduction, a modifiable risk in coronary artery disease.…

Faigel, Harris C.

1992-01-01

155

Discipline of College Students. Appendix  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses college student rights under the following headings: (1) First Amendment applications to outside speakers on campus at the request of student organizations, (2) extent of freedom of the student press, (3) disciplinary rule stringency, and (4) the application of State criminal statutes in campus disruption cases. (JF)|

Garber, Lee O.; Seitz, Reynolds C.

1971-01-01

156

A Psychological Autopsy of the Suicide of an Academically Gifted Student: Researchers' and Parents' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case study of an academically gifted college student who committed suicide resulted in three sets of findings: those that reflected exclusively on the subject's life, those that compared his life with 3 previous psychological autopsies conducted, and those that reflected the parents' observations and experiences of his life. (Contains…

Cross, Tracy L.; Gust-Brey, Karyn; Ball, P. Bonny

2002-01-01

157

Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Asian American Students' Suicidal Ideation: A Multicampus, National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation among 1,377 Asian American college students across 66 U.S. campuses were examined. The results indicated a variety of factors were associated with morbid thoughts: medication for mental health concerns, gender, GPA, undergraduate status, religious affiliation, living with a family…

Wong, Y. Joel; Brownson, Chris; Schwing, Alison E.

2011-01-01

158

Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Asian American Students' Suicidal Ideation: A Multicampus, National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation among 1,377 Asian American college students across 66 U.S. campuses were examined. The results indicated a variety of factors were associated with morbid thoughts: medication for mental health concerns, gender, GPA, undergraduate status, religious affiliation, living with a family…

Wong, Y. Joel; Brownson, Chris; Schwing, Alison E.

2011-01-01

159

Experiences of Community College Student Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student governance is one way for students to become involved on college campuses. Student government allows participants to represent the needs of the student body and to voice their concerns to college administrators. In a qualitative study, five presidents of community college student government associations were interviewed. The student

Miles, Jennifer

2010-01-01

160

STUDENT HEALTH: CHALLENGES FOR COMMUNITY COLLEGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little has been written in the academic literature about community college student health services. Perhaps community college student health services have been overlooked because some leaders, such as presidents, trustees, and policy makers, are simply uninformed about the direct relevance of student health to the community college mission of student success. This article describes community colleges--historically, philosophically, and demographically--and makes

Deborah L. Floyd

2003-01-01

161

Assessing Students' Plans for College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a contemporary cognitive-psychoanalytic theory (control-mastery theory; J. Weiss, H. Sampson, & Mount Zion Psychotherapy Research Group, 1986), this study proposed that college students have plans for college that consist of conscious and unconscious goals and obstructions to be overcome in meeting those goals. The construct of unconscious guilt was used to mediate the dual goals of autonomy and

Robert Shilkret; Ellen E. Nigrosh

1997-01-01

162

College Students with Panic Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Panic disorder is widely recognized as a significant mental health concern that often surfaces during the traditional college years. This article reviews the diagnosis, consequences, and the psychological and pharmacological treatments of panic disorder and makes suggestions for college counselors and other student personnel professionals.

Linda M. Kennicott; Terry Kottman; Jeffrey S. Ashbyr

1998-01-01

163

Psuedoscientific Beliefs among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of research that explores how scientific literacy sustains belief in pseudoscientific claims. The population of college biology students who were non-biology majors completed questionnaires which were assessed and used to plan instruction. (DDR)

Wilson, James A.

2001-01-01

164

Attitudes towards suicide following an undergraduate suicide prevention module: experience of medical students in Hong Kong.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVES. To explore qualitative and quantitative changes in attitudes and experiences of medical students following a special study suicide prevention module. DESIGN. Pilot study. SETTING. The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. A 2-week intensive special studies module was delivered to third- and fourth-year medical students in June 2011. The module was elective and involved several modes of teaching. All students filled the Chinese Attitude toward Suicide Questionnaire before and after the course. They also provided written feedback about the module experience. Three students participated in in-depth interviews. RESULTS. In all, 22 students aged 20 to 23 years enrolled in the special studies module; 15 (68%) of whom were male and only one was married. Positive trends were noted in attitudes towards suicide following the participation in the special studies module, namely, reduced negative appraisal of suicide, reduced stigmatisation of the phenomena, and increased sensitivity to suicide-related facts. Feedback of the students suggested inclusion of this module into the main medical curriculum, increased confidence in dealing with issues related to suicide, and appreciation of skills focusing on interviewing in patients. Overall the module was well received by medical students. CONCLUSIONS. A suicide prevention training module seems to have been valued by students and lead to positive attitudes towards understanding suicide. Adopting this initiative as a suicide prevention strategy warrants further exploration. PMID:24088587

Yousuf, S; Beh, P Sl; Wong, P Wc

2013-10-01

165

Loci: a commercial site for college students by college students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Student Advantage is a commercial site for college students by college students. From online chat, and auditorium events to travel and entertainment news, Loci is the center for college types who know better. The Get a Life section includes a Survival Guide -- "Your guide to survival," College and Graduate School Information--"Remember: Education is a lifetime pursuit," and Volunteer -- "How to go about helping communities that really need your help." See the Breaking Into The Real World section where you can read parts of "Job Smarts for TwentySomethings", peruse Loci's 8-step job search guide, or read about others' job experiences. And the Help & Technology links will make you a 'Net guru.

166

Randomized Trial of Suicide Gatekeeper Training for Social Work Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Problem: Education and research on social work's role in preventing client suicide is limited. Method: Seventy advanced master of social work students were randomly assigned to either the training group (Question, Persuade, and Referral suicide gatekeeper training) or the control group. Outcomes measured over time included suicide knowledge,…

Jacobson, Jodi M.; Osteen, Phillip J.; Sharpe, Tanya L.; Pastoor, Jennifer B.

2012-01-01

167

High School Teachers' Experiences with Suicidal Students: A Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers are widely considered key gatekeepers to mental health services for students at risk for suicide. Using data from 120 teachers at two Denver-area high schools, this study investigated teachers' experiences with suicidal students. Analyses revealed that the majority of teachers (58.8%) reported that at least one student had disclosed…

Freedenthal, Stacey; Breslin, Lindsey

2010-01-01

168

Recurrent Pain in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigated the prevalence of recurrent pain in a college student sample. Of the 1,564 students surveyed, 467 (29%) indicated that they had experienced recurrent pain at an intensity that was mostly in the mild-to-moderate range. Students who reported having recurrent pain were significantly older and more depressed than students who did not indicate they suffered from recurrent pain.

Britton W. Brewer; Paul Karoly

1992-01-01

169

Stressful life events: Moderators of the relationships of gender and gender roles to self-reported depression and suicidality among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined whether relationships of self-reported depression and suicidality to gender roles or gender are moderated by the type of stressful life events that individuals experience. The focus was on events in stereotypic male (achievement) versus female (interpersonal) domains. This study of 290 women and 247 men undergraduates employed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Personal Attributes Questionnaire

Lynn C. Waelde; Louise Silvern; William F. Hodges

1994-01-01

170

Eating Disorder Symptomatology: Prevalence among Latino College Freshmen Students  

PubMed Central

Objective This study investigated the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms in first-year students at the University of Puerto Rico. Method Responses to the Bulimia Test Revised (BULIT-R), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were analyzed in a sample of 2,163 freshman students. Results The percentage of students at or above the clinical cut-off points was 3.24% for the BULIT-R, 9.59% for the EAT-26 and 1.88% met the cut-off point for both instruments. The 36.44% of the students who screen positive on eating disorders measures scored 18 or more on the BDI and 5.93% on this group presented high suicidal risk based on their responses to BDI items assessing suicidal thoughts. Discussion Eating disorder symptoms occur frequently in Puerto Rican college students, and prevention, detection, and treatment efforts are needed.

Reyes-Rodriguez, Mae Lynn; Franko, Debra L.; Matos-Lamourt, Anguelique; Bulik, Cynthia M.; Von Holle, Ann; Camara-Fuentes, Luis R.; Rodriguez-Anglero, Dianisa; Cervantes-Lopez, Sarah; Suarez-Torres, Alba

2010-01-01

171

Cuesta College Student Withdrawal Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The spring 1999 student withdrawal survey was made available for approximately two weeks before the final withdrawal deadline to all students who formally dropped a class through the admissions office at either the North County or San Luis Obsipo campus of Cuesta College in California. A total of 438 useable surveys were collected. The identical…

Hagen, Peter F.; Cartnal, Ryan

172

College Students' Attitudes toward Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes towards mathematics of college students in mathematics, psychology, and other fields were measured. Items describing mathematics as a good mental exercise and valuable mental training were selected by more than 55 percent of the students sampled. Overall similarity in attitudes among the three samples was high. Mathematics was highly…

Lin, Yi-Guang

1982-01-01

173

Sleep patterns in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Since gender effect is inconsistent and grade effect has not been addressed in previous studies, we investigated both effects on the daily sleep patterns in a group of young college students. Methods: The sample consisted of 237 students aged 18–24 years. Each subject completed a 7-day sleep log. Results: Gender differences were found in several sleep variables and those

Ling-Ling Tsai; Sheng-Ping Li

2004-01-01

174

Suicidality in College Women Who Report Multiple versus Single Types of Maltreatment by Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

To see if child sexual, physical, and psychological maltreatment are linked to adult suicidality, 114 college women completed measures of suicidality, reasons for living, incidence and impact of maltreatment. Women who reported sexual mallreatrnent in combination with other types of maltreafment were significandy more suicidal than those not maltreated or those who reported other types of maltreatment. Apparently, child sexual

Susan L. Bryant; Lillian M. Range

1996-01-01

175

Evaluating Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) Suicide Prevention Training in a College Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study assesses short-term and long-term learning outcomes of Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) suicide prevention training in a college setting. Two hundred seventy-three participants completed pretest, posttest, and follow-up surveys regarding suicide prevention knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Results indicated: (a) increases in suicide

Mitchell, Sharon L.; Kader, Mahrin; Darrow, Sherri A.; Haggerty, Melinda Z.; Keating, Niki L.

2013-01-01

176

Self-reported suicidal behavior and attitudes toward suicide and suicide prevention among psychology students in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway.  

PubMed

Self-reported suicidal behavior and attitudes toward suicide in psychology students are reported and compared in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway. Small differences only were found in own suicidal behavior. However, experience of suicidal behavior in the surroundings was more common in Uganda than in Ghana and Norway. Although differences were found between the three countries in attitudes toward suicide, which emphasizes the need for culture-sensitive research and prevention, many of the differences were not as big as expected. The most pronounced difference was that the Norwegian students were more reluctant to take a stand on these questions compared to their African counterparts. Some differences were also found between the two African countries. The implications of the results for suicide prevention in Africa are discussed. PMID:18389642

Hjelmeland, Heidi; Akotia, Charity S; Owens, Vicki; Knizek, Birthe L; Nordvik, Hilmar; Schroeder, Rose; Kinyanda, Eugene

2008-01-01

177

The Influence of Death Exposure on Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the relationship between exposure to both suicidal and non-suicidal deaths and current suicidal ideation and suicide attempt history among urban college students. Three hundred and ninety-six (n = 396) undergraduate students attending an urban university completed a series of questionnaires assessing their exposure to death (including suicide), suicide attempt history, and current level of suicidal ideation. Exposure to

Gianni Pirelli; Elizabeth L. Jeglic

2009-01-01

178

Protest suicide among Korean students and laborers: a study of suicide notes.  

PubMed

Suicide notes from two groups of protest suicides in South Korea during the period 1975-2003 were compared: suicide notes from students (n =16) and suicide notes from workers (n = 15). The students appeared to be acting upon abstract ideals, including the oppression of the masses by the government and the American forces in Korea, and they typically urged the reunification of Korea. The workers were acting upon more local concerns, such as the oppression of their union by the government and the companies and the policies of their specific companies. PMID:20099554

Ben Park, B C; Lester, David

2009-12-01

179

Student College Experiences Survey, Spring 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student College Experience Survey of Santa Barbara City College (California) is intended to determine students' levels of satisfaction with various aspects of the college life, including environment, instruction, and services. The survey also aims at determining student characteristics not available from the data collected through the student

Serban, Andreea M.; Spaulding, Scott

180

Whole 'Nother World: Students Navigating Community College.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Each year thousands of young people begin their college careers in community colleges. The lower cost, more convenient location, and flexible admissions standards of community colleges make them an attractive educational alternative for many students, esp...

A. Gardenhire-Crooks B. Ray H. Collado

2006-01-01

181

Traditional living and cultural ways as protective factors against suicide: perceptions of Alaska Native university students  

PubMed Central

Introduction Native peoples living in Alaska have one of the highest rates of suicide in the world. This represents a significant health disparity for indigenous populations living in Alaska. This research was part of a larger study that explored qualitatively the perceptions of Alaska Native university students from rural communities regarding suicide. This analysis explored the resilience that arose from participants’ experiences of traditional ways, including subsistence activities. Previous research has indicated the importance of traditional ways in preventing suicide and strengthening communities. Method Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 university students who had migrated to Fairbanks, Alaska, from rural Alaskan communities. An interview protocol was developed in collaboration with cultural and community advisors. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. Participants were asked specific questions concerning the strengthening of traditional practices towards the prevention of suicide. Transcripts were analysed using the techniques of grounded theory. Findings Participants identified several resilience factors against suicide, including traditional practices and subsistence activities, meaningful community involvement and an active lifestyle. Traditional practices and subsistence activities were perceived to create the context for important relationships, promote healthy living to prevent suicide, contrast with current challenges and transmit important cultural values. Participants considered the strengthening of these traditional ways as important in suicide prevention efforts. However, subsistence and traditional practices were viewed as a diminishing aspect of daily living in rural Alaska. Conclusions Many college students from rural Alaska have been affected by suicide but are strong enough to cope with such tragic events. Subsistence living and traditional practices were perceived as important social and cultural processes with meaningful lifelong benefits for participants. Future research should continue to explore the ways in which traditional practices can contribute towards suicide prevention, as well as the far-reaching benefits of subsistence living.

DeCou, Christopher R.; Skewes, Monica C.; Lopez, Ellen D. S.

2013-01-01

182

Student Housing Market Analysis: Ketchikan Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 13-part report presents the results of a study to determine whether Ketchikan Community College (KCC) should provide student housing over the next 10 years. Section I introduces the purpose of the study, the college, the prevalence of college-supplied student housing at two-year colleges, and study methodology. Section II summarizes the…

Fink (Ira) and Associates, Berkeley, CA.

183

Problem and Pathological Gambling among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter examines problem and pathological gambling among college students and reports on prevalence rate, risk and protective factors, prevention and intervention, and recommendations for college student personnel and other university administrators.

Stinchfield, Randy; Hanson, William E.; Olson, Douglas H.

2006-01-01

184

Problem and Pathological Gambling among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter examines problem and pathological gambling among college students and reports on prevalence rate, risk and protective factors, prevention and intervention, and recommendations for college student personnel and other university administrators.|

Stinchfield, Randy; Hanson, William E.; Olson, Douglas H.

2006-01-01

185

The short-term effectiveness of a suicide prevention gatekeeper training program in a college setting with residence life advisers.  

PubMed

Although the college years prove to be a vulnerable time for students and a critical period for suicide prevention, few school-based prevention strategies have been empirically evaluated. The current study examined the short-term effects of Question, Persuade, and Refer (QPR), a gatekeeper training program that teaches how to recognize warning signs, question suicidal intent, listen to problems, and refer for help. One hundred twenty-two residence advisers (RAs) who were trained in QPR demonstrated significant post-training gains across a variety of domains relevant to suicide and suicide prevention, with 60 who completed the follow-up assessment showing sustained knowledge and appraisals into the following semester. Although these gains were generally more substantial for RAs trained in QPR, 86 controls who completed both baseline and follow-up assessments also demonstrated changes in appraisals relevant to suicide and suicide prevention, despite having not received QPR training. Editors' Strategic Implications this study provides some promising evidence on gatekeeper training for RAs in terms of suicide prevention knowledge and attitudes. As the authors note, replication, rigorous evaluation, and studies of systemic efforts and behavioral outcomes are needed. PMID:19283482

Tompkins, Tanya L; Witt, Jody

2009-03-13

186

College Choices of Academically Talented Secondary Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decision-making process of academically talented students when making the transition to college is complex. This study investigates the factors that contribute to the selectivity of the colleges by Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate students for application. A multilevel model was created to find which college-level and student-level variables were associated with college selectivity. This study found that students selected

Hope E. Wilson; Jill L. Adelson

2012-01-01

187

College Counseling and Student Retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it is commonly believed that college counseling positively affects student retention and further, that there are convincing data and evidence to support such a belief, an extensive literature search found no objective evidence at all on the relationship of a counseling center's conventional one-to-one counseling and therapy activities with short-term student retention. Two program evaluations which attempt to relate

Norman S Giddan; David M Levy; Ronald M Estroff; John C Cline; Erika B Altman; Karen A Isham; Steven J Weiss

1987-01-01

188

Health Literacy in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the health literacy levels, and the potential importance of healthy literacy, of college students. Participants: Courses were randomly selected from all upper level undergraduate courses at a large Research I university to obtain a sample size of N = 399. Methods: During the 2007-2008 school…

Ickes, Melinda J.; Cottrell, Randall

2010-01-01

189

Biculturalism among Indigenous College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Indigenous" college students in both Canada and the United States have the lowest rates of obtaining postsecondary degrees, and their postsecondary dropout rates are higher than for any other minority (Freeman & Fox, 2005; Mendelson, 2004; Reddy, 1993). There has been very little research done to uncover possible reasons for such low academic…

Miller, Colton D.

2011-01-01

190

Mental Health of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample of college sophomores was studied regarding their mental health status, mental health service use, and attitudes toward mental health professionals. Data were collected through home interviews and a search of the students' service records at the university. Mental health status was measured by the 22-item Midtown Mental Health Scale.Religious affiliation and performance satisfaction were both found to

Jeffrey O. Whitley

1979-01-01

191

College Students and Their Cats  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Twenty-two Siamese and 32 mixed breed cats' personalities were rated by their respective college student owners and compared. Further, the owners' self rated personality traits were correlated with the pets'; significant Siamese and Mixed differences and correlations were obtained. These are the first data to examine breed of cat on a personality…

Weinstein, Lawrence; Alexander, Ralph

2010-01-01

192

Mushroom Use by College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Surveyed 1,507 college students to investigate the extent of hallucinogenic mushroom use and compared mushroom users to nonusers. Results showed that among the respondents who reported use of hallucinogenic drugs (17 percent), over 85 percent had used hallucinogenic (psilocybin) mushrooms and over half had used mushrooms but no other…

Thompson, John P.; And Others

1985-01-01

193

Mushroom Use by College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 1,507 college students to investigate the extent of hallucinogenic mushroom use and compared mushroom users to nonusers. Results showed that among the respondents who reported use of hallucinogenic drugs (17 percent), over 85 percent had used hallucinogenic (psilocybin) mushrooms and over half had used mushrooms but no other…

Thompson, John P.; And Others

1985-01-01

194

Health Literacy in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the health literacy levels, and the potential importance of healthy literacy, of college students. Participants: Courses were randomly selected from all upper level undergraduate courses at a large Research I university to obtain a sample size of N = 399. Methods: During the 2007-2008 school year,…

Ickes, Melinda J.; Cottrell, Randall

2010-01-01

195

Mental dangers among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emphasizes the need of directing more attention to the possible mental dangers among college students. Stresses the use of more time spent in discovering mental twists, abnormal emotions, and serious neurotic tendencies. Suggests that the faculty might be made aware of these conditions and be on the lookout for the real causes of human conduct. Gives seven cases as examples.

D. E. Phillips

1930-01-01

196

College Student Stress and Satisfaction with Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following study was performed to determine if general life satisfaction is negatively correlated with college student stress. We administered the satisfaction with life scale (Diener et al., 1985), college student stress scale (Feldt, 2008) and a brief demographics survey to a sample of college students at a regional southwestern university in…

Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio

2009-01-01

197

Success in Algebra Among Community College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

College algebra is a required course for most majors, but is viewed by many as a gatekeeper course for degree completion by students. With almost half a million students taking college algebra each year, faculty are experimenting with new course lengths of time that might result in higher success, completion, and retention rates for college algebra students. This article reports

Czarina Reyes

2010-01-01

198

Community College Students: Recent Findings and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses recent trends and issues in community colleges, such as dual enrollment, reverse transfer, post-college earnings, and student involvement and experiences within community colleges. It also provides statistics on minority, female, and nontraditional student enrollment, transfer rates, and student success. Highlights include:…

Bryant, Alyssa N.

199

College Student Adjustment and Health Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the relationship between student adjustment theory and college student health behaviors. Specifically, this research examined first-year freshmen college student physical activity and nutrition behaviors and impact on adjustment to college (N = 37,564). The design for this study was a non-experimental "ex post facto"…

Hall, Lisa Anne

2010-01-01

200

Personality Preferences of College Student-Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College student-athletes face many unique role strains during their academic and athletic career, which may impact the way in which they understand themselves. This study was designed to explore whether college student-athletes have a different perceived personality preference than their non-athlete counterpart. Ninety-one college students took…

Reiter, Michael D.; Liput, Taylor; Nirmal, Rashmeen

2007-01-01

201

College Student Adjustment and Health Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between student adjustment theory and college student health behaviors. Specifically, this research examined first-year freshmen college student physical activity and nutrition behaviors and impact on adjustment to college (N = 37,564). The design for this study was a non-experimental "ex post facto"…

Hall, Lisa Anne

2010-01-01

202

College Students’ Adjustment: The Role of Parent–College Student Expectation Discrepancies and Communication Reciprocity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents’ influence on college students’ adjustment is underestimated frequently. As college students often set goals based\\u000a on their perceptions of their parents’ expectations, discrepancies between college students’ and their parents’ expectations\\u000a may be related to their adjustment. The purpose of this study was to examine parent–college student expectation discrepancies\\u000a and communication reciprocity as predictors of college students’ adjustment in a

Allison Kanter Agliata; Kimberly Renk

2008-01-01

203

The influence of death exposure on suicidal thoughts and behaviors.  

PubMed

The present study investigated the relationship between exposure to both suicidal and non-suicidal deaths and current suicidal ideation and suicide attempt history among urban college students. Three hundred and ninety-six (n = 396) undergraduate students attending an urban university completed a series of questionnaires assessing their exposure to death (including suicide), suicide attempt history, and current level of suicidal ideation. Exposure to suicide and non-suicidal death were not related to current suicidal ideation; however, students who had made a suicide attempt were more likely to have been exposed to a death by suicide or acute disease. The findings of this study suggest that exposure to death by suicide or acute disease increased the likelihood a student made a past suicide attempt. PMID:19363750

Pirelli, Gianni; Jeglic, Elizabeth L

2009-01-01

204

Associations among Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations among depression, suicidal behaviors, and bullying and victimization experiences in 1491 high school students using data from the 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Results demonstrated that depression mediated the association between bullying/victimization and suicide attempts, but differently for males and females.…

Bauman, Sheri; Toomey, Russell B.; Walker, Jenny L.

2013-01-01

205

Associations among Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined associations among depression, suicidal behaviors, and bullying and victimization experiences in 1491 high school students using data from the 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Results demonstrated that depression mediated the association between bullying/victimization and suicide attempts, but differently for males and…

Bauman, Sheri; Toomey, Russell B.; Walker, Jenny L.

2013-01-01

206

Risk of Suicide Ideation Associated with Problem-Solving Ability and Attitudes Toward Suicidal Behavior in University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: The present paper investigates the risk of lifetime suicide ideation associated with problem-solving ability and attitudes toward suicidal behavior in a sample of 328 university students (41% male, 59% female). The response rate was 77% based on the total number of students registered for the relevant courses. A series of questions assessed lifetime suicide ideation, while problem solving and

Carmel McAuliffe; Paul Corcoran; Helen S. Keeley; Ivan J. Perry

2003-01-01

207

Made in Florida: College Student Profiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page from the Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing (FLATE) features profiles of community and technical college students. Several nontraditional students are also profiled. Each narrative includes information on the student's chosen program of study and their thoughts. High school and community college students are encouraged to submit their profiles for the website.

2011-09-19

208

College Life through the Eyes of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The struggles and achievements of today's college students are thrown into stark relief in this fascinating account of how such students make meaning of their lives. Author Mary Grigsby uses the voices of students themselves to discuss how they view, adjust to, and participate in the college student culture of a large midwestern university and to…

Grigsby, Mary

2009-01-01

209

Correlates of irritability in college students with depressive symptoms.  

PubMed

Depression is a prevalent psychiatric disorder associated with significant personal and societal burden. There is accumulating evidence for the presence of a subtype of depression characterized by the presence of irritability that is associated with increased morbidity, risk for suicidal ideation, and functional impairments in adults. Little is known about the features of depressive symptoms with and without irritability among young adults in college. The primary aim of this study was to characterize the presentation of college students with depressive symptoms and irritability. Two-hundred eighty-seven undergraduate college students with depressive symptoms with and without irritability were compared across several psychiatric and functional outcome variables. Independent samples t-tests or logistic regressions were conducted for each outcome variable using the irritability item of the Beck Depression Inventory as a dichotomous grouping variable. Analyses were conducted separately for the men and the women. Both male and female students with depressive symptoms and severe irritability reported a greater severity of depressive symptoms compared with their peers with no or mild irritability. In the women, the presence of irritability was associated with greater symptoms of anxiety, whereas in the men, it was associated with increased likelihood of engaging in risky behaviors, including compulsive use of alcohol, illicit drugs, and prescription drugs. The male and female college students with depressive symptoms with and without irritability did not differ on severity of suicidal ideation, hopelessness, or cognitive functioning. The findings from this study suggest that depressive symptoms and irritability may characterize a subtype of college students who have a greater symptom burden and with the potential need for more aggressive and prompt treatment. PMID:24177482

Pedrelli, Paola; Nyer, Maren; Holt, Daphne; Bakow, Brianna R; Fava, Maurizio; Baer, Lee; Cassiello, Clair; Mulligan, Maura; Cusin, Cristina; Farabaugh, Amy

2013-11-01

210

College students' use of cocaine.  

PubMed

After experiencing a period of rapid decline between 1986 and 1994, cocaine use is once again on the rise in the United States. The increased prevalence of use among college students is particularly troubling because of its potential impact on human capital acquisition and long-term labor market success. Merging information on the price of cocaine and marijuana from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency with data on cocaine use from the College Alcohol Study, we investigate the demand for cocaine in the college population. We find evidence that participation in cocaine use by college students is responsive to changes in the price of cocaine and marijuana and that cocaine and marijuana are economic complements for this population. Further investigation revealed significant differences in the demand for cocaine by those less than age 21 and those at least age 21, years, with the younger age group being more responsive to changes in the price of cocaine. No difference is found, however, in the demand for cocaine across gender. PMID:16522560

Williams, Jenny; Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo; Chaloupka, Frank J; Wechsler, Henry

2006-01-01

211

College Choices of Academically Talented Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The decision-making process of academically talented students when making the transition to college is complex. This study investigates the factors that contribute to the selectivity of the colleges by Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate students for application. A multilevel model was created to find which college-level and…

Wilson, Hope E.; Adelson, Jill L.

2012-01-01

212

Epistemological Beliefs of Underprepared College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the epistemological beliefs of 100 underprepared college freshmen by asking these students what their beliefs are when they enter college, if these beliefs change after the initial exposure to college, and what structures underlie their beliefs. Claims the beliefs of underprepared students are best represented by two belief dimensions,…

Cole, Rebecca Pollard; Goetz, Ernest T.; Willson, Victor

2000-01-01

213

Needed Research Concerning the Community College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a result of compiling a recent comprehensive review of information on community college students, the author of this paper identifies areas where further research is needed. First, community colleges should be acquainted with who is not attending college. Knowledge of the needs and interests of potential students is necessary for program…

Koos, Leonard V.

214

International Students at Community Colleges. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest focuses on issues surrounding international students in American community colleges. According to a survey conducted in 1996 by the American Association of Community Colleges, 80% of community colleges indicated having international students on campus, and this enrollment is increasing. The Chronicle of Higher Education states that…

Lamkin, Anne

215

Epistemological Beliefs of Underprepared College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the epistemological beliefs of 100 underprepared college freshmen by asking these students what their beliefs are when they enter college, if these beliefs change after the initial exposure to college, and what structures underlie their beliefs. Claims the beliefs of underprepared students are best represented by two belief dimensions,…

Cole, Rebecca Pollard; Goetz, Ernest T.; Willson, Victor

2000-01-01

216

Success in Algebra among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College algebra is a required course for most majors, but is viewed by many as a gatekeeper course for degree completion by students. With almost half a million students taking college algebra each year, faculty are experimenting with new course lengths of time that might result in higher success, completion, and retention rates for college

Reyes, Czarina

2010-01-01

217

Between-College Effects on Students Reconsidered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most of the research on the effects of college on students that examines the influences of institutional characteristics--what Pascarella and Terenzini ("How college affects students: Findings and insights from twenty years of research". San Francisco: Jossey-Bass 1991) called "between-college" effects--indicate that the descriptors typically…

Ro, Hyun Kyoung; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Yin, Alexander C.

2013-01-01

218

Religious Coping in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three religious-coping profiles (Self-directing, Deferring\\/Collaborative, and Eclectic) have been identified in previous research with cardiac-transplantation candidates. This study examines the existence of religious-coping styles in college students and tests the role of religious coping as a stress moderator of psychological and physical symptoms. Additional potential stress buffers were included to help explain the relationship between stress and symptomatology more completely.

Misty R. Kolchakian; Samuel F. Sears

1999-01-01

219

Sexual Regret in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire study was conducted to assess the relationship between sexual regret and sexual behaviors and demographic\\u000a factors among 348 college-aged students prior to attending an educational program about sexual health issues. Analyses conducted\\u000a on the portion of the sample who were sexually active (n = 270) indicated that the majority (71.9%, n = 194) has regretted their decision to

Sara B. Oswalt; Kenzie A. Cameron; Jeffrey J. Koob

2005-01-01

220

Roles in Suicide Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... Native Colleges and Universities Suicide Prevention Basics Share Suicide Prevention Basics About Suicide About Suicide Prevention About ... Prevention Basics » Roles in Suicide Prevention Roles in Suicide Prevention Customized Information Sheets Does your job bring ...

221

The Impact of Rock Videos and Music with Suicidal Content on Thoughts and Attitudes about Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments exposed college student volunteers to rock music with or without suicidal content. Music and videos with suicide content appeared to prime implicit cognitions related to suicide but did not affect variables associated with increased suicide risk. (Contains 60 references and 3 tables.) (Author/JBJ)

Rustad, Robin A.; Small, Jacob E.; Jobes, David A.; Safer, Martin A.; Peterson, Rebecca J.

2003-01-01

222

Computer Technology and College Students' Reading Habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were to determine if computer technology had an impact on EFL college students' reading habits and if students' online reading habits and their demographic variables, such as gender, age, CJEE scores, employment status, and online hours were related. 124 valid survey questionnaires were collected from college students in a university in southern Taiwan. The results

Li-Bi Shen

2006-01-01

223

Do College Student Surveys Have Any Validity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using standards established for validation research, I review the theory and evidence underlying the validity argument of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE). I use the NSSE because it is the preeminent survey of college students, arguing that if it lacks validity, then so do almost all other college student surveys. I find that it…

Porter, Stephen R.

2011-01-01

224

Identifying Benefit Segments among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using concept of market segmentation (dividing market into distinct groups requiring different product benefits), surveyed 398 college students to determine benefit segments among students selecting a college to attend and factors describing each benefit segment. Identified one major segment of students (classroomers) plus three minor segments…

Brown, Joseph D.

1991-01-01

225

The Black Student's Guide to Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A guide for college-bound black students, which was researched and largely written by Brown University students, presents essays, book reviews, a glossary, and profiles of black colleges. The narrative section and authors are as follows: "A Collegiate Glossary" (Matthew Rose); "The Application Process" (Marvin Campbell); "Update: Federal Student

Beckham, Barry, Ed.

226

Identifying Benefit Segments among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using concept of market segmentation (dividing market into distinct groups requiring different product benefits), surveyed 398 college students to determine benefit segments among students selecting a college to attend and factors describing each benefit segment. Identified one major segment of students (classroomers) plus three minor segments…

Brown, Joseph D.

1991-01-01

227

The Black Student's Guide to Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A guide for college-bound black students, which was researched and largely written by Brown University students, presents essays, book reviews, a glossary, and profiles of black colleges. The narrative section and authors are as follows: "A Collegiate Glossary" (Matthew Rose); "The Application Process" (Marvin Campbell); "Update: Federal Student

Beckham, Barry, Ed.

228

How Do Underage College Students Get Alcohol?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Alcohol consumption and related problems are common among underage college students, yet qualitative, in-depth information on how/where these students obtain alcohol is limited. We conducted focus groups pertaining to access to alcohol and related issues with 19 underage college students. They reported that alcohol is easy to obtain from a…

Fabian, Lindsey E. A.; Toomey, Traci L.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Erickson, Darin J.

2008-01-01

229

Student Marketing for Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|AACRAO's new publication "Student Marketing for Colleges and Universities" is the single authoritative source interpreting basic and advanced marketing techniques within the context of student marketing. Four sections address marketing fundamentals in the higher education setting, strategic planning, consumer behavior of the college-bound student

Whiteside, Richard

2004-01-01

230

Alcohol drinking among college students: college responsibility for personal troubles  

PubMed Central

Background One young adult in two has entered university education in Western countries. Many of these young students will be exposed, during this transitional period, to substantial changes in living arrangements, socialisation groups, and social activities. This kind of transition is often associated with risky behaviour such as excessive alcohol consumption. So far, however, there is little evidence about the social determinants of alcohol consumption among college students. We set out to explore how college environmental factors shape college students' drinking behaviour. Methods In May 2010 a web questionnaire was sent to all bachelor and master students registered with an important Belgian university; 7,015 students participated (participation?=?39%). The survey looked at drinking behaviour, social involvement, college environmental factors, drinking norms, and positive drinking consequences. Results On average each student had 1.7 drinks a day and 2.8 episodes of abusive drinking a month. We found that the more a student was exposed to college environmental factors, the greater the risk of heavy, frequent, and abusive drinking. Alcohol consumption increased for students living on campus, living in a dormitory with a higher number of room-mates, and having been in the University for a long spell. Most such environmental factors were explained by social involvement, such as participation to the student folklore, pre-partying, and normative expectations. Conclusions Educational and college authorities need to acknowledge universities’ responsibility in relation to their students’ drinking behaviour and to commit themselves to support an environment of responsible drinking.

2013-01-01

231

Health Risk Behaviors among California College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health risk behaviors among students attending 4-year colleges in California were examined. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey for College Students was administered in a two-stage (29 universities, 5,652 students) random sample. All campuses and 3,810 (69%) students participated in the survey. In the 30 days preceding the survey, 36.7% of the students had binged at least once while drinking; 25.3%

Kevin Patrick; Jennifer R. Covin; Mark Fulop; Karen Calfas; Chris Lovato

1997-01-01

232

Issues in Student Suicide and Sudden Death Postvention: Best Practices in School Crisis Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent statistics indicate that a high school of 2000 students will experience an average of one student suicide every four years. This paper reviews and synthesizes relevant information on issues in school response to student suicide and sudden death. Highlighted are risk factors that school personnel can identify in suicide-prone students,…

Gilliam, Walter S.

233

Student Suicide: Could You Be Held Liable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two legal theories inspire suicide-related lawsuits: tort claims of negligence and constitutional claims based on due process. A well-known case illustrates a middle-schooler's suicide and a district's negligence. Liability factors include duty, foreseeability, special relationship, danger creation, and immunity/contributory negligence. (MLH)

Taylor, Kelley R.

2001-01-01

234

College Student Success: A Qualitative Modeling Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study highlighted student perspectives on barriers to success at a community college located in a south Texas city. The study examined barriers to student success, the knowledge that successful students possess to overcome the barriers, and the actions that successful students undertake to overcome the barriers. Padilla's (2004) theoretical framework and methods for modeling student success provided the

Ralph Mario Wirth; Raymond V. Padilla

2008-01-01

235

The College Syndrome: A Student Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interlaced with humor based on a parody of "The China Syndrome," this five-part handbook provides Prince George's Community College (PGCC) students with a summary of college policies, procedures, and orientation information. Part I presents a short history of the college and general information pertaining to its accreditation, board of trustees,…

Prince George's Community Coll., Largo, MD.

236

Evaluating College Student Interest in Pet Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first year of college can be extremely stressful, especially for students residing on campus. Objective: The authors obtained information from college freshmen about their relationships with pets and investigated interest in a pet therapy program as social support for transient stressful periods. Participants: As part of a university orientation program, 246 college freshman attended 1 of 5 health issues

Kathleen N. Adamle; Tracy A. Riley; Tracey Carlson

2009-01-01

237

Community College Student Success Courses: The Student Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores student success courses from the student perspective to answer three questions: What topics do students find the most useful? What teaching methods do the students find most helpful? How can these courses be customized to better serve the students? The purpose of this study is to interview students from a number of community colleges, exploring these topics

Molly H. Duggan; Mitchell R. Williams

2010-01-01

238

Sexual harassment of Chinese college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual harassment of Chinese college students with a focus on their awareness, experiences, responses, and expectations of\\u000a institutional intervention to the problem was examined. 358 male and 491 female Chinese college students in Hong Kong participated.\\u000a There were no gender differences in students' awareness of the phenomenon. Students' own experiences were less frequent than\\u000a what they had heard about sexual

Catherine So-kum Tang; Michelle S. M. Yik; Fanny M. C. Cheung; Po-king Choi; Kit-chun Au

1996-01-01

239

Gambling Behavior Among College Student-Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyzing data from a representative sample of 20,739 U.S. college student-athletes, this study sought to determine whether certain student-athletes were more prone to frequent or problem gambling behavior. Relative to other studies of college students, a lower percentage of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) student-athletes reported gambling (males 62.4%, females 43%) and having gambling problems (males 4.3%, females 0.4%), but

Stephen Ellenbogen; Durand Jacobs; Jeffrey Derevensky; Rina Gupta; Tom Paskus

2008-01-01

240

College Students' Understanding of Atmospheric Ozone Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research has shown that high school and college students have a lack of conceptual understanding of global warming, ozone, and the greenhouse effect. Most research in this area used survey methodologies and did not include concepts of atmospheric chemistry and ozone formation. This study investigates college students' understandings of…

Howard, Kristen E.; Brown, Shane A.; Chung, Serena H.; Jobson, B. Thomas; VanReken, Timothy M.

2013-01-01

241

Power in college students' contraceptive decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Excluding Hollerbach (1980), previous fertility researchers have paid little attention to contraceptive power bases, relationships that become the source of changes in birth control values and behavior. Eight contraceptive power bases, each evaluated as a direct or obvious strategy, were identified in a pilot study involving 25 college students as participants and 10 undergraduate raters. Two-hundred college students completed a

Naomi B. McCormick; William Gaeddert

1989-01-01

242

College Students' Attitudes toward Their ADHD Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The attitudes of college students with and without ADHD toward peers with ADHD were examined. Method: A total of 196 college students (30 diagnosed with ADHD) anonymously completed four attitude measures. General analyses of attitudes toward peers with ADHD as well as comparisons between those with and without ADHD are made. Results:…

Chew, Brandi L.; Jensen, Scott A.; Rosen, Lee A.

2009-01-01

243

American College Student Values: A Normative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 4 objectives of this study were (1) to conduct a normative study of values held by US college students, (2) to assess a wide range of value commitments of US college students as measured by an instrument validated by previous research, (3) to study the relationship between values and other relevant variables, and (4) to lay the basis for a…

Teglovic, Jr., Steve

244

Social anxiety and drinking in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence is reviewed that indicates that social anxiety is a significant motivation for drinking among college students. Although the link between social anxiety and alcohol consumption has been studied from a variety of perspectives, there has been little integration of data. Drawing from the alcohol and anxiety literature, the relationship between social anxiety and heavy drinking in college students is

Randy S Burke; Robert S Stephens

1999-01-01

245

Marketing Student Services in a Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper applies business marketing principles to college student services, introduces a model for measuring the life cycle of a service, outlines strategic planning procedures, and describes the implementation of a comprehensive student service marketing program at Seminole Community College in Florida. An overview of marketing defines…

Culp, Marguerite McGann

246

Marketing Student Services in a Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper applies business marketing principles to college student services, introduces a model for measuring the life cycle of a service, outlines strategic planning procedures, and describes the implementation of a comprehensive student service marketing program at Seminole Community College in Florida. An overview of marketing defines…

Culp, Marguerite McGann

247

College Students' Media Habits: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the level of undergraduate college students' involvement with the electronic media (radio, television, movies, music) and print media (books, newspapers, magazines) as it relates to both study and leisure activities. During the 1992-94 academic years, 5100 questionnaires were distributed to college students across the United…

Kamalipour, Yahya R.; Robinson, William L.; Nortman, Michael L.

248

Concerns of college students regarding business ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although some attention has been devoted to assessing the attitudes and concerns of businesspeople toward ethics, relatively little attention has focused on the attitudes and concerns of tomorrow's business leaders, today's college students. In this investigation a national sample was utilized to study college students' attitudes toward business ethics, with the results being analyzed by academic classification, academic major, and

Richard F. Beltramini; Robert A. Peterson; George Kozmetsky

1984-01-01

249

Images of Fictional Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Popular media represent outlets for shaping and informing public perception of institutions and institutional actors found in our society. Community colleges and their students have been featured in a number of fictional works. This paper provides an analysis of the portrayal of community college students in the fictional works of novels, short…

Bourke, Brian; Major, Claire H.; Harris, Michael S.

2009-01-01

250

College students' dining expectations in Cyprus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The primary purpose of the study is to investigate college students' dining expectations and define the factors that shape their dining choices. In addition, the study investigates whether gender, ethnic origin, prior food and beverage working experience, spending habits and dining frequency influence students' dining expectations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A quantitative questionnaire was developed and randomly administered to college

Anastasios Zopiatis; Jovana Pribic

2007-01-01

251

Students, Christian Colleges, and the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tracing the impact of specific federal laws and regulations on such private college concerns as residence hall housing requirements, student privacy rights, race and sex discrimination, the demise of "in loco parentis," student discipline and "due process," and compulsory chapel, the author suggests appropriate responses of religious colleges to…

Habecker, Eugene B.

1975-01-01

252

Images of Fictional Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Popular media represent outlets for shaping and informing public perception of institutions and institutional actors found in our society. Community colleges and their students have been featured in a number of fictional works. This paper provides an analysis of the portrayal of community college students in the fictional works of novels, short…

Bourke, Brian; Major, Claire H.; Harris, Michael S.

2009-01-01

253

College Student Self-Care Diary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this docoment is to help college students maintain health by keeping a weekly diary of health related behaviors including diet, exercise, and stress levels. In addition each weekly entry presents a self-care tip for health improvement. Discussions of the college student and health, health and lifestyle, instructions on use of the…

Greenberg, Jerrold S.; Dintiman, George B.

254

College Student Development: A New Outlook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews traditional, male-orientated theories of college student development, along with more recent theories that address the experiences of college women, and presents an analysis and synthesis of both groups of theoretical constructs. Student development is defined in terms of academic, personal, and professional achievement and…

Sottile, James M., Jr.

255

Adjustment to College in Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine college adjustment in students reporting an ADHD diagnosis and the effect of medication treatment on students' adjustment. Method: 1,648 first-semester freshmen attending a public and a private university completed a Web-based survey to examine their adjustment to college. Results: Compared with 200 randomly selected control…

Rabiner, David L.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Costello, Jane; Hoyle, Rick H.; Swartzwelder, H. Scott

2008-01-01

256

Prevalence of Snoring in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Snoring in college students may be the earliest presentation of adult sleep-disordered breathing, yet the literature contains few studies that demonstrate its effects on learning or whether early diagnosis leads to interruption of disease progression or prevention of comorbidities. Objective and Participants: The authors conducted this study in January-April 2004 to assess the prevalence of snoring in college students (N

Minal Patel; Duyen Tran; Ashoke Chakrabarti; Audrey Vasquez; Paul Gilbert; Terence Davidson

2008-01-01

257

College students, tattoos, and sexual activity.  

PubMed

This research examined the association of having a tattoo and engaging in premarital sexual intercourse. Data gathered from a convenience sample of 450 college students indicated that tattooed respondents were substantively and significantly more likely to be sexually active than nontattooed college students. Tattooed men became sexually active at a significantly earlier age than nontattooed men but no such difference was found between tattooed and nontattooed college women. PMID:16512308

Koch, Jerome R; Roberts, Alden E; Armstrong, Myrna L; Owen, Donna C

2005-12-01

258

Lay Theories of Suicide: An Examination of Culturally Relevant Suicide Beliefs and Attributions among African Americans and European Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine African Americans' lay beliefs and attributions toward suicide. The Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale, Life Ownership Orientation Questionnaire, Stigma Questionnaire, and Suicide Ideation Questionnaire were administered to 251 undergraduate college students. Beliefs about stigma associated with suicide were…

Walker, Rheeda L.; Lester, David; Joe, Sean

2006-01-01

259

The College Student: Who Is He?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that college students have been the object of repeated sociological research in countries formerly in the Soviet Union (USSR). Reports on a study of more than 3,000 Russian students and professors. Includes five tables indicating student attitudes toward religion, student behavior, and participation in outside-of-class cultural…

Dobruskin, M. E.

1995-01-01

260

Teacher Greetings Increase College Students' Test Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study is an extension of a previous investigation dealing with teacher greetings to students. The present investigation used teacher greetings with college students and academic performance (test scores). We report data using university students and in-class test performance. Students in introductory psychology who received teachers'…

Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio; Alexander, Ralph; Stewart, Megan

2009-01-01

261

College Student Success: A Qualitative Modeling Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study highlighted student perspectives on barriers to success at a community college located in a south Texas city. The study examined barriers to student success, the knowledge that successful students possess to overcome the barriers, and the actions that successful students undertake to overcome the barriers. Padilla's (2004)…

Wirth, Ralph Mario; Padilla, Raymond V.

2008-01-01

262

Student Input in College Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Engaging students in making decisions, especially those that directly impact student life, benefits the institution and the students themselves. Students are often asked to evaluate faculty, courses, campus services, and their overall college experience, but their opinions are more rarely solicited for input about new institutional initiatives.…

Schwartz, Celeste M.; Craig, Emory M.; Trzeciak, Jeff; Little, Julie K.; Diaz, Veronica

2008-01-01

263

Substance Use Disorder and College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The college student population is at high risk to develop substance use disorder. A sizable minority of students will manifest addictions of major severity. Lacking sophistication in the process of substance use disorder assessment precludes objective identification of students requiring intensive precludes objective identification of students requiring intensive inpatient treatment. A multivariate model of alcohol and other drug addiction is

William T. White; David Mee-Lee

1988-01-01

264

Understanding and Retaining Underprepared College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature suggested that African-American and minority students bring a diverse culture to "traditional" college life. As a result, many institutions of higher learning designed their student services, student support programs, curricular and extracurricular to meet the special nature and needs of its minority student population.…

Littleton, Roosevelt

265

Youth Perceptions of Suicide and Help-Seeking: "They'd Think I Was Weak or "Mental""  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Youth suicide is an issue of international concern and the college population may have a considerably higher rate of suicidal behaviour than the general population, yet seeking help for suicidality is uncommon. This research sought to understand college students' knowledge of suicidal behaviour and attitudes to help-seeking, in a New Zealand…

Curtis, Cate

2010-01-01

266

Youth Perceptions of Suicide and Help-Seeking: "They'd Think I Was Weak or "Mental""  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth suicide is an issue of international concern and the college population may have a considerably higher rate of suicidal behaviour than the general population, yet seeking help for suicidality is uncommon. This research sought to understand college students' knowledge of suicidal behaviour and attitudes to help-seeking, in a New Zealand…

Curtis, Cate

2010-01-01

267

Undergraduate education majors' knowledge about suicide.  

PubMed

Undergraduate education majors' knowledge about suicide was evaluated to identify what training they may need about suicide prevention and to explore the hypothesis that individuals previously exposed to suicide in their social context may hold higher suicide-related knowledge than those without. 71 college students completed the 50-item Expanded Revised Facts on Suicide Quiz to examine their knowledge about suicide. While overall knowledge was low for general information and for specific items concerning suicide among youth and elderly persons, knowledge was high on several items important for suicide prevention work. Higher suicide-related knowledge was found for knowing a suicide attempter, providing partial support for the hypothesis that personal experience with suicidal people may correspond with greater knowledge about suicide. PMID:18065058

MacDonald, Michael G

2007-10-01

268

Physician Assisted Suicide: Knowledge and Views of Fifth-Year Medical Students in Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide and assisted suicide are not criminal acts in Germany. However, attempting suicide may create a legal duty for physicians to try to save a patient's life. This study presents data on medical students' legal knowledge and ethical views regarding physician assisted suicide (PAS). The majority of 85 respondents held PAS to be illegal. More…

Schildmann, Jan; Herrmann, Eva; Burchardi, Nicole; Schwantes, Ulrich; Vollmann, Jochen

2006-01-01

269

Physician Assisted Suicide: Knowledge and Views of Fifth-Year Medical Students in Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide and assisted suicide are not criminal acts in Germany. However, attempting suicide may create a legal duty for physicians to try to save a patient's life. This study presents data on medical students' legal knowledge and ethical views regarding physician assisted suicide (PAS). The majority of 85 respondents held PAS to be illegal. More…

Schildmann, Jan; Herrmann, Eva; Burchardi, Nicole; Schwantes, Ulrich; Vollmann, Jochen

2006-01-01

270

Physician Assisted Suicide: Knowledge and Views of Fifth-Year Medical Students in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide and assisted suicide are not criminal acts in Germany. However, attempting suicide may create a legal duty for physicians to try to save a patient's life. This study presents data on medical students' legal knowledge and ethical views regarding physician assisted suicide (PAS). The majority of 85 respondents held PAS to be illegal. More than a third of the

Jan Schildmann; Eva Herrmann; Nicole Burchardi; Ulrich Schwantes; Jochen Vollmann

2006-01-01

271

Career Maturity and Foreclosure in Student Athletes, Fine Arts Students, and General College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three groups of undergraduate students, fine arts students (n = 121), general college students (n = 104), and student athletes (n = 101), were compared on career maturity attitudes, identity foreclosure, and career foreclosure. Findings indicated that student athletes, but not fine arts students, scored lower on career maturity as compared to general college students. Findings also revealed that student

Rachel McQuown Linnemeyer; Chris Brown

2010-01-01

272

Academic Dishonesty: Are Business Students Different from Other College Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors investigated academic dishonesty and how business students stand on the issue as compared with other college students. They found in their study that nonbusiness students are more likely to cheat than are business students. In general, students who are members of Greek social organizations, undergraduates, male, and…

Iyer, Rajesh; Eastman, Jacqueline K.

2006-01-01

273

WHERE DO UNDERAGE COLLEGE STUDENTS GET ALCOHOL?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol consumption and related problems are common among underage college students, yet qualitative, in-depth information on how\\/where these students obtain alcohol is limited. We conducted focus groups pertaining to access to alcohol and related issues with 19 underage college students. They reported that alcohol is easy to obtain from a variety of sources, with friends\\/acquaintances who are of legal age

LINDSEY E. A. FABIAN; TRACI L. TOOMEY; KATHLEEN M. LENK; DARIN J. ERICKSON

2008-01-01

274

College Students with Disabilities: A Student Development Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school students with disabilities are attending colleges and universities in growing numbers, with their rate of college participation doubling in the past twenty years. Students with disabilities in the secondary educational system are protected by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) of 2004, which requires…

Hadley, Wanda M.

2011-01-01

275

College Students with Disabilities: A Student Development Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High school students with disabilities are attending colleges and universities in growing numbers, with their rate of college participation doubling in the past twenty years. Students with disabilities in the secondary educational system are protected by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) of 2004, which requires…

Hadley, Wanda M.

2011-01-01

276

Media Influence on Attitudes toward Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonsuicidal college students (n=119) viewed suicide, violent, or neutral film. Measured perceptions of appropriateness of suicide and level of emotional arousal before and after films. Both suicide and violent film groups showed increases in arousal scores after films. Results suggest that arousal became linked to cognitions specific to film…

Biblarz, Arturo; And Others

1991-01-01

277

“Our College Is Changing”: Women's College Student Affairs Administrators and Transgender Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student affairs administrators at contemporary American women's colleges are charged with supporting the personal, intellectual, and relational growth of students. A small but vocal group of students who identify as transgender and who are living as male, genderqueer, or transitioning to live as male, have emerged as a visible subpopulation in highly selective women's colleges. In this qualitative, phenomenological study

Susan B. Marine

2011-01-01

278

College Students' Perceptions of Campus Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to ascertain whether or not there are differences between college students in Alabama and Hawaii based on three questions: are students concerned about the present/future? What do students know about sustainability? Who is responsible for sustainability? Design/methodology/approach: Two approaches were used…

Emanuel, Richard; Adams, J. N.

2011-01-01

279

Nontraditional, Female, Commuter Students: Coping with College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The unique needs of nontraditional, female, commuter students at Northern Kentucky University were examined as a result of active recruitment of nontraditional students in the dwindling market for traditional college students. Women over the age of 25 are entering Northern Kentucky University, bringing unique personal and career problems. Problem…

Rogers, George W., Jr.

280

Scaling Health Risk Behaviors of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As an objective toward its mission of providing HIV-AIDS education, the Higher Education Consortium for AIDS Prevention surveyed students of Florida's State University System to determine their health risk behaviors. The instrument used, the "Health Risk Behavior Survey for University Students," was adapted for college students from one used by…

Moskal, Patsy D.; And Others

281

College students' perceptions of campus sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to ascertain whether or not there are differences between college students in Alabama and Hawaii based on three questions: are students concerned about the present\\/future? What do students know about sustainability? Who is responsible for sustainability? Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two approaches were used to address these questions. First, a summary of sustainability efforts

Richard Emanuel; J. N. Adams

2011-01-01

282

Success and Motivation among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research explores college students' explanations of their success and failure in challenging activities and how it relates to students' efficacy, value, and engagement. The results suggest most students hold one primary reason for success during the challenging activity, including grade/extrinsic, mastery/intrinsic,…

Schweinle, Amy; Helming, Luralyn M.

2011-01-01

283

College students' use of widely advertised medications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe college and university students' use of widely advertised pharmaceutical products. Four hundred seventy-one students from three institutions completed self-administered questionnaires that addressed the use of advertised medications, attention to magazine ads for medications, communications with physicians about medications, and the conditions the medications address. Results indicated that the majority of the students used at least one of

Lydia J. Burak; Amy Damico

2000-01-01

284

Educating College Students of the Net Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Faculty and administrators of higher education today face a challenge with their student populations, many of whom are part of what is known as the net generation. As students become more technologically advanced, faculty must be technologically ready to meet the needs of students. Many college faculty and administrators are from earlier…

Worley, Karen

2011-01-01

285

College Students' Perceptions on Interactions across Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined college students' perceptions on interactions across racial and cultural differences at a major research university in the United States. Approximately 30 freshman students from various groups volunteered to participate in a year-long program intended to encourage students to become cross-cultural mentors and allies for each…

Boyle-Heimann, Kristen P.

286

Coping Strategies: Retaining Black Students in College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine whether there is an identifiable coping personality related to academic achievement and retention for black college students. Low coping students were also taught coping strategies to determine whether mastering academic requirements facilitates achievement and persistence. The relationship of black student

Abatso, Yvonne

287

Cigarette Use Among Young Adults: Comparisons Between 2Year College Students, 4Year College Students, and Those Not in College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine cigarette smoking among young adults based on education status. Participants: Community-based sample of 2,694 young adults in the United States Methods: The authors compared 3 groups—those not in college with no college degree, 2-year college students\\/graduates, 4-year college students\\/graduates—on various smoking measures: ever smoked, smoked in past month, smoked in past week, consider self a smoker, began

Kathleen Lenk; Peter Rode; Lindsey Fabian; Debra Bernat; Elizabeth Klein; Jean Forster

2012-01-01

288

Perceptions of police: an empirical study of Chinese college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to examine Chinese college students' perceptions of police. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using survey data collected from over 400 college students in two cities, the study empirically analyzes the global and specific perceptions of police among Chinese college students and factors that accounted for the variation in Chinese college students' evaluations of police. The study incorporates a

Yuning Wu; Ivan Y. Sun

2010-01-01

289

Trapped in Transition: Findings from a UK Study of Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study of student suicide within UK higher education directs attention to the community context of suicide. A modified psychological autopsy approach was used to explore 20 case studies of student suicide from the period 2000-2005, drawing on the perspectives of family members, friends and university staff. The study identifies features of…

Stanley, Nicky; Mallon, Sharon; Bell, Jo; Manthorpe, Jill

2009-01-01

290

Dealing with the Aftermath of a Student Suicide: A T.E.A.M. Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide, currently the second major cause of death among youth, is increasing. Dealing with the aftermath of student suicide requires unusual interventions called "postventions." Important functions include preventing cluster suicides, reducing student isolation, and aiding survivors in the grieving process. Planning involves four steps:…

Roberts, Richard L.; Lepkowski, William J.; Davidson, Kimberly K.

1998-01-01

291

Minor Hassles in Community College Student Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades, academic stress--the pressures, frustrations and hassles associated with all aspects of college life--has gained increased attention in the literature. In this grant-funded study, a group of 161 students at an urban Northeastern community college took a comprehensive survey. The survey included questions about their…

Ryan, Tracey E.

2009-01-01

292

Some Colleges Provide Success Coaches for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The road to a college degree is often littered with potholes of self-doubt, and sometimes those are deep enough to discourage even the most ambitious students. If the transition from high school to college were easy, the average six-year graduation rate at four-year institutions in the U.S. would probably be higher than 63%. To improve those…

Farrell, Elizabeth F.

2007-01-01

293

Evaluating College Student Interest in Pet Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first year of college can be extremely stressful, especially for students residing on campus. Objective: The authors obtained information from college freshmen about their relationships with pets and investigated interest in a pet therapy program as social support for transient stressful periods. Participants: As part of a university…

Adamle, Kathleen N.; Riley, Tracy A.; Carlson, Tracey

2009-01-01

294

The Head-Injured College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by professionals as well as head-injured college students and their families, the text provides basic information about head injuries, brain anatomy, the effects of injury to the various areas of the brain, and the major factors in recovery and rehabilitation. It examines the viability of college attendance for the head-injured…

Holmes, Cooper B.

295

College Students' Misconceptions about Evolutionary Trees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evolution is at the center of the biological sciences and is therefore a required topic for virtually every college biology student. Over the past year, the authors have been building a new simulation software package called EvoBeaker to teach college-level evolutionary biology through simulated experiments. They have built both micro and…

Meir, Eli; Perry, Judy; Herron, Jon C.; Kingsolver, Joel

2007-01-01

296

The Free Employment Service for College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College placement offices can offer all the services of commerical employment agencies but without cost to college students and alumni who want assistance in finding work. In addition to arranging interviews, the placement office will teach resume writing and interview techniques, and give occupational information to help in job selection. (MF)|

Weinstein, Marc

1979-01-01

297

College Students, News Use, and Trust  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young Americans report lower levels of political knowledge, news consumption, public trust, and civic behavior than their forebears. Concerned with what these patterns hold for the future of democratic governance, this study attempts to learn more about the news sources that college students use and the ones that they trust. Results from a survey of 213 18- to 24-year-old college

Sharon E. Jarvis; Natalie Jomini Stroud; Austin A. Gilliland

2009-01-01

298

Internet Guide for College-Bound Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the start of 1996, nearly three-quarters of the colleges in the United States were on the Internet. By 1999, all collegiate institutions are expected to be online. This book is designed to give students routes to World Wide Web sites that can help them choose a college, find out about financial aid and scholarships, exchange information with…

Hartman, Kenneth E.

299

DOES MENTORING REALLY WORK FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a lack of research on whether mentoring will help undergraduate college students prepare for the professional world. Only about half of college attendees graduate and many are ill-prepared for professional careers. The Personal Skills Map, a comprehensive assessment tool that identifies emotional intelligence, was administered to 152 freshmen and 58 sophomores in a non-equivalent control group design. The

Danny L. Rhodes

300

Are Male College Students Falling Behind?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews indicators of higher education attainment and concludes that the purported crisis of falling numbers of male college students is not supported. Rather, while women are the majority on college campuses and earn the majority of bachelor's degrees, the gender gap is dwarfed by educational chasms related to race/ethnicity and social class.…

King, Jacqueline E.

2001-01-01

301

Gender Paradoxes in College Student Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter is an exploration of gender and the contemporary college student, with particular attention to points of tension and contradiction in emerging analyses of gender relations on college campuses. Evidence of considerable convergence in men's and women's aspirations, attitudes, sex-role sterotypes, alcohol and other drug use, and personality and cognitive abilities inform models arguing for an appreciation of essential

Frances L Hoffmann

1993-01-01

302

Substance Use in College Students With ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The college years represent a developmental transition during which the initiation and escalation of heavy drinking set the stage for lifelong difficulties with alcohol and other drugs. Evidence from studies of adolescents and young adults with ADHD suggests that college students with the disorder may be uniquely vulnerable to alcohol- and drug-related problems. However, no studies have examined substance

Mary Rooney; Andrea Chronis-Tuscano; Yesel Yoon

2012-01-01

303

Minor Hassles in Community College Student Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the past several decades, academic stress--the pressures, frustrations and hassles associated with all aspects of college life--has gained increased attention in the literature. In this grant-funded study, a group of 161 students at an urban Northeastern community college took a comprehensive survey. The survey included questions about their…

Ryan, Tracey E.

2009-01-01

304

Evaluating College Student Interest in Pet Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first year of college can be extremely stressful, especially for students residing on campus. Objective: The authors obtained information from college freshmen about their relationships with pets and investigated interest in a pet therapy program as social support for transient stressful periods. Participants: As part of a university…

Adamle, Kathleen N.; Riley, Tracy A.; Carlson, Tracey

2009-01-01

305

Substance Use in College Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The college years represent a developmental transition during which the initiation and escalation of heavy drinking set the stage for lifelong difficulties with alcohol and other drugs. Evidence from studies of adolescents and young adults with ADHD suggests that college students with the disorder may be uniquely vulnerable to alcohol-…

Rooney, Mary; Chronis-Tuscano, Andrea; Yoon, Yesel

2012-01-01

306

Substance Use in College Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The college years represent a developmental transition during which the initiation and escalation of heavy drinking set the stage for lifelong difficulties with alcohol and other drugs. Evidence from studies of adolescents and young adults with ADHD suggests that college students with the disorder may be uniquely vulnerable to alcohol-…

Rooney, Mary; Chronis-Tuscano, Andrea; Yoon, Yesel

2012-01-01

307

How College Students Spend Their Time Communicating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to assess how college students spend their time communicating and what impact, if any, communications devices may be having on how that time is spent. Undergraduates (N = 696) at four southeastern colleges were surveyed. Results revealed that listening comprises 55.4% of the total average communication day followed by reading…

Emanuel, Richard; Adams, Jim; Baker, Kim; Daufin, E. K.; Ellington, Coke; Fitts, Elizabeth; Himsel, Jonathan; Holladay, Linda; Okeowo, David

2008-01-01

308

Some Colleges Provide Success Coaches for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The road to a college degree is often littered with potholes of self-doubt, and sometimes those are deep enough to discourage even the most ambitious students. If the transition from high school to college were easy, the average six-year graduation rate at four-year institutions in the United States would probably be higher than 63 percent. To…

Farrell, Elizabeth F.

2007-01-01

309

The 4 Year Community College: Tribal College. Some Lessons in Success for Indian Students in College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing from the experiences of Oglala Lakota College (OLC) in South Dakota, this paper points to the philosophical and operational changes colleges and universities must make if they truly desire to recruit and retain significant numbers of minority students. The first section discusses the philosophical bases of tribal colleges, arguing that…

Amiotte, Lowell; Allen, Tom

310

College Students' Awareness and Perceptions of Dissolvable ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionCollege Students' Awareness and Perceptions of Dissolvable Tobacco Products ... o Risk Perception ... To measure trajectories of SLT use among ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

311

Adequacy of Fluid Intake Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose in this research is to determine the beverage consumption preferences and adequacy of fluid intake of college students who reside in residence halls. Research questionnaires where placed in mail boxes of 1,000 randomly selected college students during the fall of 1994. Data collected (N=317; 31% response) were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, t-tests, Analysis of Variance and Duncan's Multiple

A. L. Dennis; L. L. Ebro; J. G. Groves

1995-01-01

312

Advising the At-Risk College Student  

Microsoft Academic Search

At-risk college students—those who are socially, financially, or academically underprepared or under supported—particularly are in need of mentoring in college. The reluctance of such students to seek out faculty mentors, as well as constraints on faculty time, are among the factors that limit successful mentoring experiences. This paper presents an action-research project involving a relatively short-term and non-intensive mentoring strategy

Craig Vivian

2005-01-01

313

Spirituality and the Health of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between spirituality and health risks of college students.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Undergraduate students enrolled in Personal Health and Wellness classes at The University of Tennessee were selected to participate\\u000a in the study. Two-hundred twenty-one students were administered two instruments: The College Student Appraisal of Risks Survey\\u000a (The CARS) and the Spirituality Scale (SS).

Linda Wyatt Nelms; Edwin Hutchins; Dorothy Hutchins; Robert J. Pursley

2007-01-01

314

College Student Notions of Computer Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two surveys of college students were conducted to study the students' perceptions and knowledge of computer science as a profession and as a career. Ignorance of the field was consistently observed in both samples. Students with an aptitude for computing tend to blame their high schools, media, and society for their lack of knowledge. These findings suggest that high school students need to be provided with a more balanced perspective on computing.

Ruslanov, Anatole D.; Yolevich, Andrew P.

2011-08-01

315

[Validation of National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to be use with Brazilian college students].  

PubMed

The objective of this article is to translate, to adapt and to validate the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to apply at Brazilian college students. 208 college students from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) and University of Pernambuco (UPE) participated in the study. The validation was carried through in five stages: (1) translation; (2) retrotranslation; (3) correction and semantic adaptation (cultural adaptation); (4) face validation; (5) test-retest. Adaptations were done to deal with any semantic disagreements found between translation and retrotranslation. After face validation, the questionnaire was reduced from 96 to 52 questions. From the 11 items analyzed, the majority presented good and perfect Kappa: security and violence (Kappa=0.89); suicide (Kappa=1.00); use of the tobacco (Kappa=0.90); drinking consumption (Kappa=0.78); cocaine and other drugs consumption (Kappa=0.70); sexual behavior (Kappa=0,88) and corporal weight (Kappa=0.89). Only the item about feeding presented weak Inter-examiner Kappa (Kappa = 0.26) and the topic on health information presented moderate Kappa (Kappa=0.56). The average Kappa for all items was good (0.76). The instrument may be considered validated in the Portuguese language in Brazil with acceptable reproducibility. PMID:20640280

Franca, Carolina da; Colares, Viviane

2010-06-01

316

The meanings of suicidal behaviour to psychology students in Ghana: a qualitative approach.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine psychology students' attitudes toward suicidal behaviour and the meanings they assign to the act. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 final year psychology students at a university in Ghana. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyze the data. The results indicated that the students had a generalized negative attitude toward suicide. Religious beliefs and family harmony are cultural contexts influencing the interpretation of suicidal behaviour as breach of divine and communal moralities. The implications of these meanings of suicidal behaviour for suicide prevention in Ghana are discussed. PMID:22021107

Osafo, Joseph; Hjelmeland, Heidi; Akotia, Charity S; Knizek, Birthe Loa

2011-10-22

317

Retention of Community College Students: Related Student and Institutional Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public community colleges were established to improve access to higher education. However, access for all often results in low student retention and in the loss of effort, time, and money for students and institutions. This institutional specific retention study, which examined student factors, both demographic and academic, and institutional…

Craig, Alfred J.; Ward, Cynthia V. L.

2008-01-01

318

College Student Concerns: Perceptions of Student Affairs Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to increase awareness of the perceptions of student affairs professionals regarding the most frequent and challenging concerns facing college students today. Using the Delphi method, 159 entry-level and mid-level student affairs administrators from institutions across the country were surveyed about their perceptions…

Reynolds, Amy L.

2013-01-01

319

College Student Concerns: Perceptions of Student Affairs Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to increase awareness of the perceptions of student affairs professionals regarding the most frequent and challenging concerns facing college students today. Using the Delphi method, 159 entry-level and mid-level student affairs administrators from institutions across the country were surveyed about their perceptions…

Reynolds, Amy L.

2013-01-01

320

Native American Indian College Students: Implications for College Counseling Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors can enhance the development of Native-American college students by revisiting how they deliver services. Awareness of traditional Native-American values, interpretation of mental health, and indigenous healing practices is recommended. Content and process concerns in counseling are reviewed. (Author/JDM)

Herring, Roger D.

1998-01-01

321

Exploring the Validity of the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory Among Asian American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the cultural validity of the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CSRLI) with Asian American College Students (N = 314). Although results did not completely replicate the six factor structure of the CSRLI as identified in Westefeld, Cardin, and Deaton (1992), partial support was found. The content of the five factors that emerged corresponded to five of the original scales.

Jayoung L. Choi; James R. Rogers

2010-01-01

322

Promoting Clinical Knowledge, Skills, and Empathy via a Creative Self-Suicide Assignment: Rationale, Purpose, and Student Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide is a leading cause of American deaths. Given suicide's overall frequency and negative effects, specialized suicide training is warranted. This article describes a creative self-suicide assignment designed to enhance doctoral students' suicide assessment and intervention knowledge and clinical skills, and promote greater counselor empathy…

Cook, Katrina; Juhnke, Gerald A.; Peters, Scott W.; Marbach, Christina R.; Day, Sally; Choucroun, Pierre; Baker, Ria E.

2007-01-01

323

Decision-Making Strategies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students' decision making is often less than optimal and sometimes leads to negative consequences. The effectiveness of two strategies for improving student decision making--node-link mapping and social perspective taking (SPT)--are examined. Participants using SPT were significantly better able to evaluate decision options and develop…

Morey, Janis T.; Dansereau, Donald F.

2010-01-01

324

Attitudes Toward Mental Disorders Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the attitudes held by college students toward mental disorders and those who experience them, a random phone survey was conducted of undergraduates at a medium-sized Midwestern state university. Students were read a vignette portraying people experiencing symptoms of either schizophrenia or major depressive disorder. They were then asked what they thought had caused these symptoms; the likeliness that

Jennifer Hill; Kim Vogt

2005-01-01

325

Redesigning Mathematics Curriculum for Underprepared College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

While developing strategies to meet the needs of underprepared students, public colleges and universities across the nation are being faced with directives, often stemming from public viewpoint, state legislatures, and\\/or state governing bodies of higher education systems, to modify existing university programs in an effort to decrease the cost of serving incoming or first- year students, particularly those programs addressing

Marva S. Lucas; Nancy J. McCormick

2007-01-01

326

Training Responsible Drinking with College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides a description of a program designed to teach responsible drinking practices in a college student population. The aim of this program is to prevent problem drinking or alocholism in students who report concern about their drinking behavior, and volunteer to participate in a treatment-prevention program aimed at controlling…

Marlatt, G. Alan

327

Compulsive use of alcohol among college students.  

PubMed

Among college students alcohol consumption is associated with other high-risk behaviors that can lead to short- and long-term negative health consequences. Identification of college students consuming alcohol who are at high risk for problems may have important public health implications. This study examines the ability of the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item to detect high-risk behaviors relative to other screening measures and its association with different dimensions of compulsive drinking. Three hundred thirty-two college students completed measures on compulsive drinking and hazardous behaviors. Results showed that among male students the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item was not sensitive to detect hazardous alcohol consumption but co-occurred with the use of illicit drugs. Among female students it was sensitive to detect heavy drinking but not alcohol or drug problems. Among college students compulsive use of alcohol corresponds to an urge to consume alcohol that may be associated with use of illicit drugs in male students, with heavy drinking in female students and with substance use problems. This study suggest that the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item should not be used as a stand-alone screening for alcohol or drug problems but it could be considered a marker for at-risk behaviors. PMID:22951374

Pedrelli, Paola; Bentley, Kate; Vitali, Mario; Clain, Alisabet J; Nyer, Maren; Fava, Maurizio; Farabaugh, Amy H

2012-09-02

328

Interpersonal perceptions by depressed college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depressed college students were compared with nondepressed psychopathological students and normal controls regarding perceptions of their dormitory roommates' interpersonal behaviors towards them. Results indicated that depressed subjects overestimated hostility in their roommates and underestimated friendly roommate behaviors. Subjects who were to become depressed later also displayed overestimations of their roommates' aggressiveness. The findings are discussed in relation to Beck's theory

Jack E. Hokanson; John T. Hummer; Andrew C. Butler

1991-01-01

329

Qualitative Description of College Students' Dinner Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To discover how college students conduct dinner groups and perceptions of the benefits and difficulties of participation. Design: Qualitative study conducted with 7 focus groups. Setting and Participants: A university campus, with 36 students participating in dinner groups, defined as a group of 3 people or more cooking for one another…

Ball, Brita; Brown, Lora Beth

2012-01-01

330

Objecting To Dissection: A College Student's Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a number of states, students from kindergarten through high school have won the right to refuse to dissect or kill animals and the right to substitute an alternative project. This booklet was designed to help college science students take an ethical stand by refusing to participate in dissection exercises. The booklet begins with an overview…

National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

331

Measuring and Reducing College Students' Procrastination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined college students' procrastination when studying for weekly in-class quizzes. Two schedules of online practice quiz delivery were compared using a multiple baseline design. When online study material was made available noncontingently, students usually procrastinated. When access to additional study material was contingent on completing…

Perrin, Christopher J.; Miller, Neal; Haberlin, Alayna T.; Ivy, Jonathan W.; Meindl, James N.; Neef, Nancy A.

2011-01-01

332

Influencing College Students' Perceptions of Videocounseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology has made inroads in the counseling field in the form of e-mail, chat, and videoconferencing. It is not clear, however, whether college students perceive technology to be an acceptable application to counseling. The purpose of this study was to assess students' attitudes and expectations for a particular type of technology application—videocounseling. The results indicated that after watching a simulated

Christopher J. Quarto

2011-01-01

333

Prevention of College Student Drinking Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public's, or at least the mass media's attention to the problem of college student drinking have seemed to come and go over the past decades. This may be due to the periodic appearance of a cluster of student deaths related to drinking, perhaps due to some element of randomness in what captures the media's attention as a trend or

Robert F. Saltz

334

The Videogame and the College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students' activities and personality characteristics associated with video game use were studied using existing theories about the effects of television as a framework. A three-part questionnare was given to 275 students enrolled in introductory communication classes at a large, midwestern university to gather data on: (1) the…

D'Alessio, Dave; And Others

335

Leisure Time Boredom: Issues Concerning College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students who do not have leisure skills, cannot manage leisure time, or are not aware that leisure can be psychologically rewarding are more likely to be bored during leisure. This study examined the impact of boredom on leisure of college students in relation to gender, level of education, and activity choice. Subjects at a Midwestern university…

Hickerson, Benjamin D.; Beggs, Brent A.

2007-01-01

336

College Football Players: The New Nontraditional Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus on the collegiate careers of student athletes continues to grow within the community of higher education. As the focus has been centered on academic performance, a growing concern is evolving for the overall experience student athletes obtain in a higher education setting. As the focus on college experience gains momentum, higher…

Godfrey, Michael Gary

2010-01-01

337

Leisure Time Boredom: Issues Concerning College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who do not have leisure skills, cannot manage leisure time, or are not aware that leisure can be psychologically rewarding are more likely to be bored during leisure. This study examined the impact of boredom on leisure of college students in relation to gender, level of education, and activity choice. Subjects at a Midwestern university…

Hickerson, Benjamin D.; Beggs, Brent A.

2007-01-01

338

REFROMING WRITING AMONG STUDENTS IN COMMUNITY COLLEGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) movement, which swept through all levels of American education during the 1960s and 1970s, seemed a logical remedy for student writing deficiencies. However, the impact of WAC has not lived up to its promise. The WAC movement, as currently implemented in many community colleges, may be ineffective at best. To significantly improve student writing,

David Hennessy; Ruby Evans

2005-01-01

339

Supersizing: Portion Confusion among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The phrase "bigger is better" has become a common theme among Americans. The purpose of this study was to assess college students' portions and perception of recommended serving sizes of specific foods and beverages and to describe relationships of outcomes with body mass index and demographic variables. The findings indicated that students had a…

Sealey-Potts, Claudia; Alfaro, Veronica; Horine, Suzanne; Kallus, Kelli

2009-01-01

340

The Videogame and the College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' activities and personality characteristics associated with video game use were studied using existing theories about the effects of television as a framework. A three-part questionnare was given to 275 students enrolled in introductory communication classes at a large, midwestern university to gather data on: (1) the…

D'Alessio, Dave; And Others

341

Objecting To Dissection: A College Student's Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a number of states, students from kindergarten through high school have won the right to refuse to dissect or kill animals and the right to substitute an alternative project. This booklet was designed to help college science students take an ethical stand by refusing to participate in dissection exercises. The booklet begins with an overview of…

National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

342

Why College Students Watch Soap Operas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 549 college students investigated the size and motivation of the campus audience for soap operas. About half the student population (40% of the women and 10% of the men) claimed to watch the daytime serials. Most of the women viewing the soap operas watched two or three serials per week, with 83.3% following at least two regularly, and…

Breen, Myles P.; Powell, Jon T.

343

Student Outcomes Study. Olympic College Program Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A follow-up study was conducted of students who had attended Olympic College (OC), in Washington, in fall 1990. A questionnaire was sent to a stratified random sample of 647 students, 3 years after their 1990 enrollment. A total of 390 responses were received for a 60.3% response rate. Respondents were divided into the following four groups, based…

Langan, A. Bud; Keeler, Laura

344

Dealing with Diversity among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined cognitive learning styles and levels of moral judgment in 781 urban college students, who completed the Grasha-Riechmann Student Learning Style Scale or the Defining Issues Test. Results showed predominantly participative and collaborative cognitive learning styles. The prevailing view of morality was doing one's duty within society.…

Sapp, Gary L.; And Others

1983-01-01

345

How College Students View a Professor's Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Views of 3,670 students from six colleges and universities on most and least important traits of an ideal professor were analyzed. All data were collected with the same instrument. Data revealed students selected similar MOST and LEAST important traits of a quality professor. (Author)

Gadzella, Bernadette M.

1977-01-01

346

After Special Education, Students Turn to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Until the past decade, college wasn't much of an option for students who have significant intellectual impairments. Vanderbilt University's Next Steps program is one of many created for students with severe cognitive disabilities in the last 10 years. The programs have grown in number from about 15 in 2002 to almost 170 now, as tracked by Think…

Shah, Nirvi

2011-01-01

347

Compulsive use of alcohol among college students  

PubMed Central

Among college students alcohol consumption is associated with other high-risk behaviors that can lead to short- and long-term negative health consequences. Identification of college students consuming alcohol who are at high risk for problems may have important public health implications. This study examines the ability of the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item to detect high-risk behaviors relative to other screening measures and its association with different dimensions of compulsive drinking. Three hundred thirty-two college students completed measures on compulsive drinking and hazardous behaviors. Results showed that among male students the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item was not sensitive to detect hazardous alcohol consumption but co-occurred with the use of illicit drugs. Among female students it was sensitive to detect heavy drinking but not alcohol or drug problems. Among college students compulsive use of alcohol corresponds to an urge to consume alcohol that may be associated with use of illicit drugs in male students, with heavy drinking in female students and with substance use problems. This study suggest that the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item should not be used as a stand-alone screening for alcohol or drug problems but it could be considered a marker for at-risk behaviors.

Pedrelli, Paola; Bentley, Kate; Vitali, Mario; Clain, Alisabet J.; Nyer, Maren; Fava, Maurizio; Farabaugh, Amy H.

2013-01-01

348

Measuring and Reducing College Students' Procrastination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined college students' procrastination when studying for weekly in-class quizzes. Two schedules of online practice quiz delivery were compared using a multiple baseline design. When online study material was made available noncontingently, students usually procrastinated. When access to additional study material was contingent on…

Perrin, Christopher J.; Miller, Neal; Haberlin, Alayna T.; Ivy, Jonathan W.; Meindl, James N.; Neef, Nancy A.

2011-01-01

349

Community college online courses: Student retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined perceptions of students at a community college to determine if students who successfully complete an online course and those who withdrew from online courses differed in their satisfaction with their online course experience, expectations of enrollment in online courses, and reasons for completing or withdrawing from online courses. The study also sought to determine if personal and

Marie Pritchett

2009-01-01

350

College Students' Views of Marriage on Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the congruence between the view of marriage identified in content analysis and that rated by college students. Finds that students rated most marriages as "traditional," and rated traditional marriages as the most realistic. Notes that the amount of television exposure was unrelated to television marriage ratings. Discusses implications…

Perse, Elizabeth M.; And Others

1993-01-01

351

Social Phobia in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN) to identify self-reported social phobia symptoms in 59 students presenting for intake at our counseling center and 119 students meeting a course requirement for research participation. We expected that students presenting for clinical service would have higher scores than the students not seeking such service. Interestingly, students in both samples scored in the

Donald W. Stewart; Michael Mandrusiak

2007-01-01

352

Why Community College Students Make Successful Transfer Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents two stories that represent a common paradigm shift at the community college level. The life journeys of Tony and Mary Ann are very different. Tony, a traditional-aged student, reluctantly entered his local community college because he was unable to prove, scholastically, that he was capable of handling the coursework at his…

Urso, David; Sygielski, John J.

2007-01-01

353

The Personal, Career, and Learning Skills Needs of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed personal, career, and academic concerns of college students, compared subcategories of students, examined how students prefer to receive assistance with concerns, and investigated implications for student personnel professionals. Administered Survey of Student Needs to 608 college students. Students reported number of problems, including…

Gallagher, Robert P.; And Others

1992-01-01

354

Dimensions of perfectionism and suicide ideation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies were conducted to examine the relation between dimensions of perfectionsim and suicide ideation: whether perfectionism\\u000a is important in suicide ideation when considered in the context of other predictors of suicide (i.e., depression, hopelessness),\\u000a and whether perfectionism moderates the association between life stress and suicide ideation. Samples of 91 psychiatric patients\\u000a (Study 1) and 160 college students (Study 2)

Paul L. Hewitt; Gordon L. Flett; Cathy Weber

1994-01-01

355

Involving College Students in Social Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Abstract: To explore early-undergraduate exposure to hands-on research opportunities, we invited students enrolled in three second-year social science courses at a community college to participate in a cross-cultural fear of crime project. Thirty-three students participated, conducting community interviews, or coding and entering data. The students completed a ten-item questionnaire to assess their experience, indicating that participation increased their understanding

William McConnell; Roger G. Albert; John P. Marton

356

Research Note: Happiness among Kuwaiti College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Happiness was assessed in 140 Kuwaiti students by means of a single item self-report. Its retest reliability after one week\\u000a was good (r=+0.86). It is argued that single question suffices for measuring states like happiness. Average happiness appeared to be\\u000a quite low compared to students in other countries. Possible reasons for the low level of happiness among Kuwaiti college students

Ahmed M. Abdel-Khalek

2004-01-01

357

Predictors of academic procrastination in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic procrastination has been characterized as a prevalent and problematic behavior for college students. The current study investigated how different self-perceptions, in other words different beliefs one maintains about oneself, related to academic procrastination in a sample of 186 undergraduate students. ^ Participants completed self-report measures of academic procrastination (Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students), academic self-efficacy (Academic Self-Efficacy Scale), academic self-concept (Academic

Brian Farran

2004-01-01

358

Success and motivation among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research explores college students’ explanations of their success and failure in challenging activities and how\\u000a it relates to students’ efficacy, value, and engagement. The results suggest most students hold one primary reason for success\\u000a during the challenging activity, including grade\\/extrinsic, mastery\\/intrinsic, amotivation\\/working, social, and performance.\\u000a These task reasons for success, if assumed to be goals, were more numerous

Amy Schweinle; Luralyn M. Helming

359

Cornell College Students Achieve the Highly Improbable  

Microsoft Academic Search

On Tuesday, March 14, 2000, at Cornell College, Mount Vernon, Iowa, two students who prepared the photochromic compound 2-(2,4-dinitrobenzyl)pyridine obtained their product as a single crystal, one weighing 864 mg and the other 891 mg. As far as we know, this has happened only once before, also at Cornell College in Iowa. The web version of this paper includes a

Addison Ault

2000-01-01

360

Personal Factors that Influence Deaf College Students' Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research tells us that academic preparation is key to deaf students' success at college. Yet, that is not the whole story. Many academically prepared students drop out during their first year. This study identified entering deaf college students' personal factors as assessed by their individual responses to both the "Noel-Levitz College Student

Albertini, John A.; Kelly, Ronald R.; Matchett, Mary Karol

2012-01-01

361

Perceived Academic Preparedness of First-Generation Latino College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|First-generation Latino college students may be characterized as underprepared for college. Research points to low performance on placement tests. However, students may not perceive themselves as academically underprepared for college. This study explored first-generation Latino students' perceptions of their academic preparedness. Seven students

Boden, Karen

2011-01-01

362

Student Work Issues: Implications for College Transition and Retention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied job stress of employed college students and considered the implications of this stress for college life and student retention. Findings for 275 college students at 2 universities show that for some students having a job adds more stress to their lives, increases exhaustion levels, and interferes with school responsibilities. (SLD)

Hey, William; Calderon, Kristine S.; Seabert, Denise

2003-01-01

363

The Process of Transition for Community College Transfer Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our understanding of transfer students’ transition from the community college to the 4-year university has recently expanded. The following presents research on community college transfer students, as well as potential implications based on a recent study on the process of transition for community college transfer students (Flaga, 2002). From a study that tracked students throughout their first year at a

Catherine T. Flaga

2006-01-01

364

The conflicted individualism of Japanese college student volunteers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how Japanese college students' motivation to volunteer reflects tension between public, relational and private identities in contemporary Japan. The article first explores the students' diverse motivations to become volunteers in a country where volunteering has not been a widespread social phenomenon, particularly among college students. It argues that Japanese college student volunteers are not primarily motivated to

Brady Cusick

2007-01-01

365

Studies on College Student Psychological Crisis Intervention System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychological crisis of college students has its own characteristics. The present paper attempted to analyze the constant monitoring mode in the daily management of college student psychological crisis in combination with investigation and evaluation system, through attaching great importance to the events that involved in psychological counseling of students, paying considerable attention to psychological guidance of college students among

Feng Han

2010-01-01

366

A Meta-Analysis of College Students' Physical Activity Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed studies on college students' physical activity (PA) behaviors and found that previous research on this topic focused on describing college students' PA patterns and their determinants. Researchers reported that about 40% to 50% of college students are physically inactive. More important, health and PA professionals in higher education have not been able to effectively increase students' PA

Xiaofen Deng Keating; Jianmin Guan; José Castro Piñero; Dwan Marie Bridges

2005-01-01

367

Suicidal ideation among medical students and young physicians: a nationwide and prospective study of prevalence and predictors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite an increased risk of suicide among physicians we lack studies on prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation among medical students and young doctors. Method: A prospective study of Norwegian medical students (n=522) re-examined after the first postgraduate year, comprising suicidal thoughts and attempts, perceived study stress, job stress, and personality. Results: The previous year prevalence of suicidal thoughts

Reidar Tyssen; Per Vaglum; Nina T. Grønvold; Øivind Ekeberg

2001-01-01

368

Attitudes towards suicide among medical students: comparison between Madras (India) and Vienna (Austria)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes towards suicide among medical students in Madras (India) and Vienna (Austria) were compared using the SUIATT questionnaire\\u000a by Diekstra and Kerkhof (1989). Results show a very restrictive attitude in Madras, rejecting the right to commit suicide,\\u000a nearly always judging suicide as a cowardly act, and rejecting the idea of assisted suicide. On the other hand, in Vienna\\u000a a more

E. Etzersdorfer; L. Vijayakumar; W. Schöny; A. Grausgruber; G. Sonneck

1998-01-01

369

Summer Pre-College Programs for Students with Disabilities, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists summer pre-college programs for students with disabilities who are seeking to prepare for college and to enhance their college performance. The programs listed here do not require students to have been admitted to the college nor do they include programs required as a precondition of acceptance into the regular academic…

Harrison, Linda; Gardner, Daniel

370

Materially Disadvantaged Students and the Transfer Function of Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of sources have focused upon the lower socio-economic category of community college students and their success in completing a four-year college program. Some are pessimistic, claiming that very low percentages of two-year college students ever graduate from four-year college programs, and that most who drop out are from low income…

Stevenson, James A.

371

Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviors of California Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To explore the sexual and reproductive health behaviors of students from 13 community college campuses in California. Participants: Heterosexual college students, ages 18 to 24, who have had sexual intercourse (N = 4,487). Methods: The American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA) survey was…

Trieu, Sang Leng; Bratton, Sally; Marshak, Helen Hopp

2011-01-01

372

More High-Achieving Students Are Choosing Community Colleges First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Certainly, "Tonight Show" host Jay Leno has nurtured the perception that community colleges are a punishment for underperforming high school students by joking that community colleges aren't "real colleges." This article shows that this perception belies the reality that contemporary community colleges serve students seeking trade skills but also…

Pluviose, David

2008-01-01

373

What Community College Developmental Mathematics Students Understand about Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nation is facing a crisis in its community colleges: more and more students are attending community colleges, but most of them are not prepared for college-level work. The problem may be most dire in mathematics. By most accounts, the majority of students entering community colleges are placed (based on placement test performance) into…

Stigler, James W.; Givvin, Karen B.; Thompson, Belinda J.

2010-01-01

374

Summer Pre-College Programs for Students with Disabilities, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document lists summer pre-college programs for students with disabilities who are seeking to prepare for college and to enhance their college performance. The programs listed here do not require students to have been admitted to the college nor do they include programs required as a precondition of acceptance into the regular academic…

Harrison, Linda; Gardner, Daniel

375

Rice University: Innovation to Increase Student College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"College readiness" means that a student can enter a college classroom without remediation and successfully complete entry-level college requirements (Conley, 2012). In order for students to be considered college ready, they must acquire skills, content knowledge, and behaviors before leaving high school. Research on high-school performance…

Gigliotti, Jennifer

2012-01-01

376

Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviors of California Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore the sexual and reproductive health behaviors of students from 13 community college campuses in California. Participants: Heterosexual college students, ages 18 to 24, who have had sexual intercourse (N = 4,487). Methods: The American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA) survey was…

Trieu, Sang Leng; Bratton, Sally; Marshak, Helen Hopp

2011-01-01

377

Predictors of College Students' Alcohol Consumption: Implications for Student Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding why young adults consume alcohol the way they do can lead to more effective educational programming for promotion of students' personal health and safety. The authors examined the predictive role of expectations about alcohol, perceived peer norms of consumption, awareness of rules, and individual self-efficacy in conjunction with demographic variables for male and female college students' weekly alcohol consumption.

Janet Reis; William L. Riley

2000-01-01

378

Student Services and Student Athletes in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From admissions to academic counseling, athletes will benefit from intense integration of support services and life-skills development programs to help balance the demands of their academic responsibilities and participation in athletics. Additionally, student support services at community colleges, even though attempting to assist students to…

Storch, Jason; Ohlson, Matthew

2009-01-01

379

Tuberculosis Prevention in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help college health services in all parts of the country improve their approach to latent tuberculosis, two Listservs were provided for them to post their questions on dealing with TB infection. In this article, the authors present some of the questions posted in the Listservs and their corresponding answers. In their answers, the authors have…

Lerman, Stephen J.; Bernardo, John; Daly, Jennifer S.; Husson, Robert

2004-01-01

380

College Students' Attitudes Toward Abortion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes toward the desirability of abortion were significaantly related to sex, college, classification, level of church activity, residence background, family size, exposure to abortion, and attitude toward premarital sex. The data suggest an increasing acceptance of abortion in the future. (Author)

Maxwell, Joseph W.

1970-01-01

381

College Students' Attitudes Toward Abortion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attitudes toward the desirability of abortion were significaantly related to sex, college, classification, level of church activity, residence background, family size, exposure to abortion, and attitude toward premarital sex. The data suggest an increasing acceptance of abortion in the future. (Author)|

Maxwell, Joseph W.

1970-01-01

382

Writing Skills for College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews studies concerning writing skills at the college level. These skills are examined within discussions concerning cognitive abilities, features of the written product, the various aspects involved in the writing process, and the mastery of specific genres and forms. It is observed that some studies draw their information from…

Jones, Elizabeth A.; Tibbetts, Stacy

383

Choosing a College: Student Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young adults applying to college these days are bombarded with information--from the institutions themselves, from well-meaning relatives and friends, from high-school counselors, from directories and news-media reports, and from a cottage industry that has spawned consultants, test-prep centers, and special Web sites. At the same time, they need…

Mooney, Carolyn

2007-01-01

384

College students' relationships with siblings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hundred and seventy-five college undergraduates coming from families of 2–7 children completed questionnaires about their relationships with their siblings. Aspects of intersibling communication, influence, and current and past affective relationships were investigated. The relationships reported were generally more positive than those revealed in other investigations of younger children. Presence of two parents in the home, size of the sibling

Joan Newman

1991-01-01

385

Migrant Students' College Access: Emerging Evidence From the Migrant Student Leadership Institute  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about migrant students' college access. Outreach programs serving such students rarely track their participants' postsecondary trajectories, nor do they compare participants' college access outcomes with those of similar students. This study examines the California public college application, acceptance, and enrollment patterns of participants in the Migrant Student Leadership Institute, a residential college preparatory summer program serving migrant

Anne-Marie Nuñez

2009-01-01

386

Sex Differences between College Students and Their Parents about Reasons for Attending College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College freshmen (N=107) and both parents completed questionnaires on reasons for attending college. The results revealed that students and their parents had somewhat different perspectives on the value of a college education. Small differences were found between men and women. Traditional stereotypes of why students go to college did not apply to…

Connor, Jane Marantz; And Others

1988-01-01

387

The Impact of Different Parenting Styles on First-Year College Students' Adaptation to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study was undertaken to determine the impact of different parenting styles on college students' adaptation to college. During the second week of college, 80 first-year students from two-parent families completed the Tests of Reactions and Adaptations to College, English version and the Parental Authority Questionnaire. Authoritative…

Smith, Gregory J.

2006-01-01

388

Everyday Health Communication Experiences of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors examined college students' day-to-day health communication experiences. Participants: A convenience sample of 109 midwestern university students participated in the study. Methods: The participants completed health communication diaries for 2 weeks, generating 2,185 records. Frequent health topics included nutrition and diet, minor health concerns, risky health practices, and body fitness. Results: Approximately 27% of health communication experiences involved

Leslie A. Baxter; Nichole Egbert; Evelyn Ho

2008-01-01

389

MEASURING AND REDUCING COLLEGE STUDENTS' PROCRASTINATION  

PubMed Central

We examined college students' procrastination when studying for weekly in-class quizzes. Two schedules of online practice quiz delivery were compared using a multiple baseline design. When online study material was made available noncontingently, students usually procrastinated. When access to additional study material was contingent on completing previous study material, studying was more evenly distributed. Overall, the mean gain in percentage correct scores on weekly in-class quizzes relative to pretests was greater during contingent access than during noncontingent access conditions.

Perrin, Christopher J; Miller, Neal; Haberlin, Alayna T; Ivy, Jonathan W; Meindl, James N; Neef, Nancy A

2011-01-01

390

College Students' Perception of AIDS Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluated college students' (N=60) perceptions of victims of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) based on how the victim contracted the disease. Found in nondeterioration condition victims contracting AIDS via sexual encounters or illicit drug injection were perceived as less trustworthy, less moral, and less desirable as a prospective…

Bailey, Roger C.; And Others

1989-01-01

391

Functions of Marijuana Use in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis that specific functional factors of marijuana use would predict past 30-day marijuana use in 425 college students more precisely than demographic variables alone. This hypothesis was confirmed. Functional factors of personal/physical enhancement as well as activity enhancement were…

Bates, Julie K.; Accordino, Michael P.; Hewes, Robert L.

2010-01-01

392

College Students' Multiple Stereotypes of Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines stereotypes of lesbians held by college students. Multiple stereotypes are elicited from a free response trait listing task, followed by a sorting task. The results of the sorting task are submitted to cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling to reveal the complexity of cognitive representations of this group. Eight types are described, reflecting underlying distinctions between positive perceptions

Wendy Geiger; Jake Harwood; Mary Lee Hummert

2006-01-01

393

Communicator Style: A Study of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses Norton's Communicator Style as an instrument to determine communication styles of college students in relation to grade point average (GPA), education level, extracurricular activity involvement, and gender. The communication styles eliciting more positive communicator images are also examined. The communication discipline benefits…

Gilchrist, Eletra S.

394

The Determinants of College Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study attempts to add to the college student dropout literature by examining persistence decisions at private, non-selective university using previously unstudied explanatory variables and advanced econometric methods. Three main contributions are provided. First, proprietary data obtained from a type of university that is underrepresented…

Guerrero, Adam A.

2010-01-01

395

Getting Inked: Tattoos and College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores whether college students with tattoos or piercings demonstrate extreme personalities and behaviors. Participants were 46 men and 164 women (mean=20.0 years). Questions assessed participants' attitudes toward tattooing, presence of a tattoo, and participation in risk taking behaviors. Participants completed the Personality…

Manuel, Laura; Sheehan, Eugene P.

2007-01-01

396

College Students with Disabilities: A Resource Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A resource handbook for faculty and other postsecondary staff who wish to expand their skills in meeting the needs of college students with disabilities is presented. The training program was developed through the Sensitivity and Special Populations project at California State University, Chico. The handbook contains edited transcripts and…

California State Univ., Chico.

397

Community College Students Truly Live the Magic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article talks about the Disney Theme Parks & Resorts College Program. The program attracts a variety of students each year from different backgrounds, major and career goals to the Walt Disney World Resort outside of Orlando, Florida, for a semester of living, learning and earning. The program has provided a foundation for thousands of…

Shook, Stephanie

2006-01-01

398

Promoting Wellness for Thai College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are few in-depth studies of Thai college student health and mental health behaviors that focus on the cultural influences that shape such behaviors. Thus, the purposes of this study are: (1) to conduct the needs assessment survey on health and mental health issues at a public university in Thailand in order to better understand the issues…

Ratanasiripong, Paul; Rodriguez, Adrian

2011-01-01

399

Measuring Gambling Outcomes Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research describes the proposal and validation of three gambling outcome measures, the Gambling Quantity and Perceived Norms Scale (GQPN), the Gambling Problem Index (GPI), and the Gambling Readiness to Change Questionnaire (GRTC).The study consisted of 560 undergraduate college students who completed a survey including the newly constructed measures and other measures designed to assess convergent validity. Results confirmed

Clayton Neighbors; Ty W. Lostutter; Mary E. Larimer; Ruby Y. Takushi

2002-01-01

400

The Behavioral Risks of Today's College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past 10 to 15 years, the wide prevalence of various forms of negative behavior among young people in college has become one of the main causes of their deteriorating health. Traditionally classified among such forms are the excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, and narcotics abuse. Issues relating to the protection of students' health…

Ivakhnenko, G. A.

2012-01-01

401

Marketing the AIDS Message to College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIDS is a serious problem and college students are particularly at risk of contracting HIV\\/AIDS. The National Commission on AIDS, the Center for Disease Control (CDC), and the Surgeon General have placed a priority on adolescents as an important target for HIV\\/AIDS Communications (Frankenberger and Sukhdial 1994). However, mass media attempts have largely used an undifferentiated approach to communicating the

John F. Tanner Jr; David R. Eppright; James B. Hunt

1996-01-01

402

Red-Shirting College Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university students with disabilities, both visible and invisible, must deal with what sociologist Erving Goffman called information management; they must control and protect their stigmatized identity by considering who to tell what, how much to tell, and when to tell. A growing body of stigma-related educational research, as well as…

Trammell, Jack

2009-01-01

403

Courtship Violence among African American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship between family interactions, personality variables, and courtship violence. African American college students who were dating were administered the Conflict Tactics Scale and a series of other measures. Findings indicate that more than half of the Afncan Americanfemales and males had insulted, refused to talk to, or made spiteful comments to a dating partner Females reported

M. L. Clark; Joyce Beckett; Mabel Wells; Delores Dungee-Anderson

1994-01-01

404

Transitions: Combat Veterans as College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The experience of war makes those who fight a special group within the general population. The purpose of this study was to investigate how combat veterans who become college students make the transition to campus life, in order to identify how administrators can acknowledge and support them. A total of six women and 19 men were interviewed; 24…

Ackerman, Robert; DiRamio, David; Garza Mitchell, Regina L.

2009-01-01

405

Decreasing Math Anxiety in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the phenomenon of mathematics anxiety in contemporary college and university students. Forms of math anxiety range from moderate test anxiety to extreme anxiety including physiological symptoms such as nausea. For each of several types of math anxiety, one or more case studies is analyzed. Selected strategies for coping with…

Perry, Andrew B.

2004-01-01

406

Social Attitudes of College Students in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of social distance and attitudes investigated the relationship between Indian college students of different religious or social backgrounds. Results show religious differences and language preferences to be potential sources of alienation and conflict. Recommendation: that educators foster religious tolerance and proficiency in other than…

Adiseshiah, W. T. V.

1976-01-01

407

Improving Reading Comprehension of Underprepared College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A practicum was designed to improve reading comprehension of 10 basic skills college students by providing training using 5 specific strategies and techniques. Five specific strategies based on a review of the literature were selected: (1) metacognitive awareness; (2) discussion; (3) self-monitoring charts; (4) use of pictures as an introduction…

Doughty, Irma Darrow

408

Marketing Colleges to Home-Schooled Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One emerging but relatively untapped market of traditional age colleges students is children who have been home schooled. The National Center for Educational Statistics estimated that 1.1 million children were being home schooled in 2006 (Conlin, 2006). This non-empirical paper examines issues related to the home school movement as they apply to…

Haan, Perry; Cruickshank, Cam

2006-01-01

409

Help for the LD College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommendations are offered for combining study skills and test-taking training, relaxation, and modification in thinking processes to help learning disabled college students improve their academic effectiveness. A stress management program is outlined in terms of assessment and interventions. (CL)

Decker, Thomas W.; And Others

1985-01-01

410

Heterosexual Dating Discourses Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the extent to which contemporary dating practices are characterized by traditional sexual scripts, such as the double standard, and emerging scripts of female sexual desire and male sexual integrity. One hundred sixty-two upper-division college students responded to measures about dating under two instructional conditions, one describing their dating experiences and the second their dating preferences. Both traditional and

Sabrina Starling Schleicher; Lucia Albino Gilbert

2005-01-01

411

Prevalence of Snoring in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Snoring in college students may be the earliest presentation of adult sleep-disordered breathing, yet the literature contains few studies that demonstrate its effects on learning or whether early diagnosis leads to interruption of disease progression or prevention of comorbidities. Objective and Participants: The authors conducted this study in…

Patel, Minal; Tran, Duyen; Chakrabarti, Ashoke; Vasquez, Audrey; Gilbert, Paul; Davidson, Terence

2008-01-01

412

Physical Activity among Ethnically Diverse College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared physical activity patterns among Asian, African, white, and Hispanic, American college students. Self-report data indicated that nearly half of the sample did not engage in vigorous physical activity, and 16.7 percent were inactive. Weight-training, youthful physical activity, and television viewing accounted for a significant portion of…

Suminski, Richard R.; Petosa, Rick; Utter, Alan C.; Zhang, James J.

2002-01-01

413

Functions of Marijuana Use in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis that specific functional factors of marijuana use would predict past 30-day marijuana use in 425 college students more precisely than demographic variables alone. This hypothesis was confirmed. Functional factors of personal\\/physical enhancement as well as activity enhancement were significant predictors of 30-day marijuana use. Furthermore, this model explained over half of

Julie K. Bates; Michael P. Accordino; Robert L. Hewes

2010-01-01

414

Functions of Marijuana Use in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis that specific functional factors of marijuana use would predict past 30-day marijuana use in 425 college students more precisely than demographic variables alone. This hypothesis was confirmed. Functional factors of personal\\/physical enhancement as well as activity enhancement were significant predictors of 30-day marijuana use. Furthermore, this model explained over half of

Julie K. Bates; Michael P. Accordino; Robert L. Hewes

2010-01-01

415

Club drug use among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined prevalence and frequency of “club” drug use among college students (N=831) and associations with marijuana and alcohol use, sensation seeking, and positive and negative affectivity. Eighteen percent (n=146) of the sample had used club drugs at least once in their lifetime. Results of a logistic regression indicated that club drug use was positively associated with marijuana use,

Jeffrey S. Simons; Raluca M. Gaher; Christopher J. Correia; Jacqueline A. Bush

2005-01-01

416

Female College Students' Perceptions of Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current process of organ donation in the U.S. relies on the premise of altruism or voluntary consent. Yet, human organs available for donation and transplant do not meet current demands. The literature has suggested that college students, who represent a large group of potential healthy organ donors, often are not part of donor pools. Before…

Boland, Kathleen; Baker, Kerrie

2010-01-01

417

Promoting Wellness for Thai College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are few in-depth studies of Thai college student health and mental health behaviors that focus on the cultural influences that shape such behaviors. Thus, the purposes of this study are: (1) to conduct the needs assessment survey on health and mental health issues at a public university in Thailand in order to better understand the issues…

Ratanasiripong, Paul; Rodriguez, Adrian

2011-01-01

418

Correlates of College Students' Attitudes toward Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes the development of the Attitude Toward Grades (ATG) survey instrument, a brief internally consistent measure of college student attitude toward grades and reports on selected behavioral correlates of that attitude. An initial item pool of approximately 50 attitude statements was created and the Thurstone equal appearing…

Bahn, Changhwan; And Others

419

Reforming Writing among Students in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) movement, which swept through all levels of American education during the 1960s and 1970s, seemed a logical remedy for student writing deficiencies. However, the impact of WAC has not lived up to its promise. The WAC movement, as currently implemented in many community colleges, may be ineffective at best.…

Hennessy, David; Evans, Ruby

2005-01-01

420

Study habits of teachers college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study habits of 127 teachers college students, freshman to senior, are investigated. Analysis of the distribution of study time over the week shows that the most studying is done on Tuesday, the least on Friday. The average daily study time for the group is one hour and fifty-one minutes. Intelligence score is more diagnostic of scholastic success than is

H. M. Bell

1931-01-01

421

Functions of Marijuana Use in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis that specific functional factors of marijuana use would predict past 30-day marijuana use in 425 college students more precisely than demographic variables alone. This hypothesis was confirmed. Functional factors of personal/physical enhancement as well as activity enhancement were…

Bates, Julie K.; Accordino, Michael P.; Hewes, Robert L.

2010-01-01

422

Prevalence of Snoring in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Snoring in college students may be the earliest presentation of adult sleep-disordered breathing, yet the literature contains few studies that demonstrate its effects on learning or whether early diagnosis leads to interruption of disease progression or prevention of comorbidities. Objective and Participants: The authors conducted this study in…

Patel, Minal; Tran, Duyen; Chakrabarti, Ashoke; Vasquez, Audrey; Gilbert, Paul; Davidson, Terence

2008-01-01

423

Perceived Parenting Styles on College Students' Optimism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived parenting styles and levels of optimism in undergraduate college students. Sixty-three participants were administered surveys measuring dispositional optimism and perceived parental Authoritative and Authoritarian styles. Multiple regression analysis revealed that both…

Baldwin, Debora R.; McIntyre, Anne; Hardaway, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

424

A Sex Counseling Service for College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The setting up and functioning of a sex counseling service at Yale College is discussed. The service is staffed by a husband and wife, gynecologist and social worker respectively, functioning as a team, with the goal of helping students with any problem relating to sexuality. The sex counseling service was placed within the Mental Hygiene Division…

Sarrel, Phillip M.; Sarrel, Lorna J.

425

Determinants of Alcohol Consumption By College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper exploits a random survey of 704 Ithaca College students regarding their demographics and alcohol consumption. Regression analysis is used to explore a variety of issues including: gender differences in alcohol consumption, whether marijuana and alcohol are complements or substitutes, underage drinking, the drinking habits of athletes, family history and alcohol abuse, the efficacy of specific policies designed to

Elia Kacapyr; Samira Choudhury

2006-01-01

426

Physical Activity among Ethnically Diverse College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compared physical activity patterns among Asian, African, white, and Hispanic, American college students. Self-report data indicated that nearly half of the sample did not engage in vigorous physical activity, and 16.7 percent were inactive. Weight-training, youthful physical activity, and television viewing accounted for a significant portion of…

Suminski, Richard R.; Petosa, Rick; Utter, Alan C.; Zhang, James J.

2002-01-01

427

Examining Victimization and Psychological Distress in Transgender College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking transgender college students were examined with regard to victimization and psychological distress. Findings showed that transgender college students had elevated rates of distress as compared with college students who identified as men or women. Results indicated that treatment-seeking and non-treatment…

Effrig, Jessica C.; Bieschke, Kathleen J.; Locke, Benjamin D.

2011-01-01

428

Using Narrative Career Counseling with the Underprepared College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An increasing number of students enter college underprepared. These students do not have the academic skills to take college-level courses and are placed in remedial classes. Career counseling can help underprepared college students make educated career decisions based on their current situations. This article explores the characteristics of…

Hughes, Amber N.; Gibbons, Melinda M.; Mynatt, Blair

2013-01-01

429

Computer Skills Workshop for Incoming Community College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colleges today are requiring students to conduct more and more administrative business as well as academic tasks using computers and the Internet. Despite this, research shows there are still students entering college without these computer skills. This is particularly true at the community college level. This study examines the effects of a pre- semester basic computer skills workshop for students

Leanne Urasaki

2009-01-01

430

Empowering Identity Reconstruction of Indigenous College Students through Transformative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the interplay between identity reconstruction of indigenous college students and the effects of transformative learning on their self-development and collective action. Seventeen indigenous college students were interviewed for this study. The findings showed that most indigenous college students developed stigmatized identity…

Chen, Peiying

2012-01-01

431

Los Angeles Community Colleges Student Characteristics, Fall 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents Los Angeles Community Colleges' student characteristics. It begins with a glossary providing specific definitions for the student characteristic criteria. Descriptive summaries and tables of student characteristic data are provided for the Los Angeles Community College District, Los Angeles City College, East Los Angeles…

Tillberg, Rebecca; Crespo, Sarah P.; Lagrimas, Joseph

432

Marketing the Community College Starts with Understanding Students' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines variables taken into account by community college students in choosing a college, arguing that increased competition for students means that colleges must employ marketing strategies. Discusses the use of the selection factors as market segmentation tools. Identifies five principal market segments based on student classifications of…

Absher, Keith; Crawford, Gerald

1996-01-01

433

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Use Disorders in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that many college students report posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or substance use disorder (SUD), yet there has been scant attention paid to the co-occurrence of these disorders in college students. This review examines the co-occurrence of PTSD and SUD in college students. Recommendations for counseling centers are…

Borsari, Brian; Read, Jennifer P.; Campbell, James F.

2008-01-01

434

The Process of Transition for Community College Transfer Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our understanding of transfer students' transition from the community college to the 4-year university has recently expanded. The following presents research on community college transfer students, as well as potential implications based on a recent study on the process of transition for community college transfer students (Flaga, 2002). From a…

Flaga, Catherine T.

2006-01-01

435

2-Year-College Students Rarely Use Advisers, Survey Shows  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For years administrators at J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College, in Richmond, Virginia, had a hunch that students were not taking full advantage of the college's advising services. Still, they were disappointed two years ago, when the Community College Survey of Student Engagement revealed that their students rarely used career services and…

Ashburn, Elyse

2006-01-01

436

College students' social anxiety associated with stress and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mediator effects of social anxiety on college students' life stress and mental health. METHODS: 1430 college students were tested by revised Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEO), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) and social anxiety scale chose from Self Consciousness Scale. RESUTL AND ANALYSIS: The college students' stressors were related to social anxiety and mental health.

Shi Kan; Jiang Nan; Chen Xuefeng; Wang Zhen; Gao Jing; Hu Weipeng

2010-01-01

437

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Use Disorders in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates that many college students report posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or substance use disorder (SUD), yet there has been scant attention paid to the co-occurrence of these disorders in college students. This review examines the co-occurrence of PTSD and SUD in college students. Recommendations for counseling centers are provided regarding the assessment of this population, an overview of treatment

Brian Borsari; Jennifer P. Read; James F. Campbell

2008-01-01

438

Three Studies on Drinking Game Behavior among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The majority of college students consume alcohol. Some college students consume heavily and these abusive patterns of alcohol use can be associated with substantial negative consequences. Drinking game participation has increased in popularity among college students and is associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and an increased…

Cameron, Jennifer Marie

2010-01-01

439

Adult Students' Academic and Intellectual Development in College  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ACT College Outcomes Survey was used with a national sample of approximately 28,000 undergraduate students to evaluate the effects of the college environment on academic and intellectual development and to contrast the outcomes for adult learners with those of younger students. Adult and younger students were also compared regarding their involvement and participation in the college environment and a

Steve Graham; Joe F. Donaldson

1999-01-01

440

The Process of Transition for Community College Transfer Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Our understanding of transfer students' transition from the community college to the 4-year university has recently expanded. The following presents research on community college transfer students, as well as potential implications based on a recent study on the process of transition for community college transfer students (Flaga, 2002). From a…

Flaga, Catherine T.

2006-01-01

441

College students from families of divorce: keys to their resilience  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students from divorce families are noted for resilience to adjustment problems yet vulnerability to distress. We studied the impact of parental divorce and two personality characteristics (social responsibility and other-direction) on college students' adjustment problems and distress. Participants (N=197) were 105 college students with divorced parents and 92 whose parental marriages were intact. The personality characteristics were measured with

Anne McIntyre; Reva L Heron; Michael D McIntyre; Shacunda J Burton; Jennifer N Engler

2003-01-01

442

External Dynamics Influencing Tattooing Among College Students: A Qualitative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study utilized qualitative research methodology to assess external dynamics and their influences on tattooing practices among college students. Twenty-four undergraduates supplied in-depth interviews regarding the external variables related to college students' decisions to tattoo. The present research follows (Tse, Firmin, Angelini, & Foster, 2006), which reported findings regarding college students' internal dynamics for tattoo choices. Present findings suggest that

Michael Firmin; Luke Tse; Janna Foster; Tammy Angelini

2012-01-01

443

Underprepared Community College Students: Characteristics, Persistence, and Academic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study comparing the characteristics of college-ready and academically underprepared community college students. Reports that underprepared students demonstrated higher levels of test anxiety and a more external locus of control, but did not differ from college-ready students in self-esteem, grade point average, or learning-study…

Grimes, Sue K.

1997-01-01

444

College Costs and Student Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The growing campus role in providing student financial aid is discussed based on data from the Cooperative Institutional Research Program, Peterson's Guide, and other sources. The campus contribution to student aid programs has grown far more than recent tuition increases. A significant portion of the financial aid burden has passed from federal…

Green, Kenneth C.

445

Linguistic Minority Students Go to College: Preparation, Access, and Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Currently, linguistic minority students--students who speak a language other than English at home--represent 21% of the entire K-12 student population and 11% of the college student population. Bringing together emerging scholarship on the growing number of college-bound linguistic minority students in the K-12 pipeline, this ground-breaking…

Kanno, Yasuko, Ed.; Harklau, Linda, Ed.

2012-01-01

446

The Cost of Being Perfect: Perfectionism and Suicide Ideation in University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between dimensions of perfectionism and suicide ideation in a tertiary student population in Australia.Method: The methodology involved 405 students completing the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) which includes a subset of questions which can be used to assess suicide ideation, and the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale.Results: The presence of suicide ideation

Teresa K. Hamilton; Robert D. Schweitzer

2000-01-01

447

Protective Effects of Parent-College Student Communication during the First Semester of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Recent studies suggest that parents maintain influence as their adolescents transition into college. Advances in communication technology make frequent communication between parents and college students easy and affordable. This study examines the protective effect of parent-college student communication on student drinking behaviors,…

Small, Meg L.; Morgan, Nicole; Abar, Caitlin; Maggs, Jennifer L.

2011-01-01

448

Protective Effects of Parent-College Student Communication during the First Semester of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Recent studies suggest that parents maintain influence as their adolescents transition into college. Advances in communication technology make frequent communication between parents and college students easy and affordable. This study examines the protective effect of parent-college student communication on student drinking behaviors,…

Small, Meg L.; Morgan, Nicole; Abar, Caitlin; Maggs, Jennifer L.

2011-01-01

449

Dealing with the Challenges and Stressors Faced by Community College Students: The Old College Try  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community college students are different from their four-year college counterparts in many ways. In fact, the entire nature of expectation among students is different in psychological, social, economic, and academic terms. Despite an array of reports about community college students, few attempts have been made to generate baseline data about who…

Miller, Michael T.; Pope, Myron L.; Steinmann, Thomas D.

2004-01-01

450

Enhancing College Students' Understanding of Lunar Phases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Astronomy education researchers now know that college students do not enter the introductory astronomy classroom as blank slates, but rather with a pre-existing understanding of many introductory astronomy concepts, including lunar phases. Sometimes this understanding is scientifically correct, but often students' understanding is incomplete, inadequate or simply incorrect and cannot explain observed phenomenon. Unfortunately, students' pre-existing understandings are often deeply rooted, and many students leave the classroom without a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases. The purpose of this research study was to design instruction that enhances college students' understanding of lunar phases. This multi-phase study utilized qualitative and quantitative research methods to fulfill this purpose by identifying students' prior understanding of lunar phases, developing the Lunar Phases Concept Inventory (LPCI) to measure conceptual change, designing and evaluating an in-class group activity designed to teach the concept of lunar phases. Using a qualitative phenomenology, fourteen college students' conceptual understanding of lunar phases was uncovered and organized into a conceptual framework with eight dimensions of student understanding, each with alternative facets. Based upon this conceptual framework, the LPCI was developed. This instrument consists of fourteen multiple-choice items designed to assess student understanding of lunar phases. Based on a modified Karplus Learning Cycle, an in-class group activity was developed to teach the concept of lunar phases. During the fall of 1999, this activity was implemented at a midwestern university as part of a restructured astronomy course during two fifty-minute class periods. Administered prior to and after instruction, the LPCI shows the instruction was effective. A statistical analysis of the results shows that the instruction produced an effect size of 2.99 and a normalized gain of 0.63.

Lindell, Rebecca S.

2013-05-28

451

Suicide Attempts among Adolescent Mexican American Students Enrolled in Special Education Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide is the second leading cause of death among school-aged students between the ages of 15 and 19. There is an increasing frequency of suicide and other self-destructive behaviors among Mexican American youth and students in special education classrooms for emotional and behavioral disabilities. Recognizing Mexican American youth in special…

Medina, Catherine; Luna, Gaye

2006-01-01

452

Associated Factors of Suicide Among University Students: Importance of Family Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim in this study was to underline the importance of family environment as a significant associate of suicide probability among university students. For this aim 226 Turkish university students completed Suicide Probability Scale, Family Environment Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Positive and Negative Affect Scale. As a result of the formulated regression analysis, after controlling for the 51% of

Tülin Gençöz; P?nar

2006-01-01

453

Substance Use Behavior and Suicide Indicators among Rural Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: This study provides a descriptive profile of substance use behavior and the prevalence of suicide indicators (thought about, considered, and planned) among rural middle school students and examines the association between substance use and suicidal indicators among middle school students participating in the Coordinated School Health…

Dunn, Michael S.; Goodrow, Bruce; Givens, Connie; Austin, Susan

2008-01-01

454

Treatment of alcohol-dependent college students.  

PubMed

A report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention noted that excessive alcohol consumption is responsible for more than 4,600 deaths in underage youth annually. Alcohol abuse is common among college-age youth and may progress to alcohol dependence, which includes tolerance, craving, physical dependence, and loss of control. Although treatment for alcohol dependence is effective, like all other chronic disorders, relapse is common. The purpose of this article is to examine the issues surrounding alcohol abuse and dependence as well as maintaining sobriety in light of the high-risk college student drinking environment. PMID:22998538

McGuinness, Teena M; Kelly, Terri Ann

2012-09-17

455

Effects of Race and Precipitating Event on Suicide versus Nonsuicide Death Classification in a College Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Race group differences in suicide death classification in a sample of 109 Black and White university students were examined. Participants were randomly assigned to read three vignettes for which the vignette subjects' race (only) varied. The vignettes each described a circumstance (terminal illness, academic failure, or relationship difficulties)…

Walker, Rheeda L.; Flowers, Kelci C.

2011-01-01

456

Depression in College Students: Personality and Experiential Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we examined the nature of college-student depression and its relation to personality variables and to experiences unique to college life. Thirty-five depressed and 39 nondepressed students completed a depression inventory, a series of personality scales, and a survey developed to investigate the impact of potentially distressing components of college life. Results revealed that college-student depression, though mild

Karel Vredenburg; Erin O’Brien; Lester Krames

1988-01-01

457

Religiosity, Spirituality, Sexual Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviors Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether religiosity, spirituality, and sexual attitudes accounted for differences\\u000a in sexual behaviors among college students. The sample included 960 college students enrolled at four northeastern colleges.\\u000a Results indicated differences in sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality by gender. Moreover, sexual attitudes, religiosity,\\u000a and spirituality were associated with sexual behaviors among college students. Sexual

Raffy R. Luquis; Gina M. Brelsford; Liliana Rojas-Guyler

458

Reading Improvement For College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reading improvement program at Texas Southern University employed newspapers, magazines, books, seminars, exhibits, plays, and interdisciplinary reading material to service freshman students and upperclassmen with reading deficiencies. Newspapers were used to inform, to appeal to immediate interests, to develop skimming ability, to increase…

Stewart, Elneita Wallace

459

Gavilan College Student Media Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document aims to understand the patterns of media consumption among Gavilan students. The goals of the study are to determine the most consumed media product, determine differences in consumption of media modes by different variables, and conduct demographic profiles of the most consumed products within each media mode. The data was gathered…

Willett, Terrence; Cooke, Simon

460

College Football and Student Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercollegiate sports are said to generate positive advertising that produces many benefits to the host school. Donations, applications, and the academic quality of the student body are some of the mission outcomes thought to rise with the fortunes of the football team. The present study tests these claims for three measures of the academic quality of the entering classes on

D. Randall Smith

2009-01-01

461

Predicting academic success among deaf college students.  

PubMed

For both practical and theoretical reasons, educators and educational researchers seek to determine predictors of academic success for students at different levels and from different populations. Studies involving hearing students at the postsecondary level have documented significant predictors of success relating to various demographic factors, school experience, and prior academic attainment. Studies involving deaf and hard-of-hearing students have focused primarily on younger students and variables such as degree of hearing loss, use of cochlear implants, educational placement, and communication factors-although these typically are considered only one or two at a time. The present investigation utilizes data from 10 previous experiments, all using the same paradigm, in an attempt to discern significant predictors of readiness for college (utilizing college entrance examination scores) and classroom learning at the college level (utilizing scores from tests in simulated classrooms). Academic preparation was a clear and consistent predictor in both domains, but the audiological and communication variables examined were not. Communication variables that were significant reflected benefits of language flexibility over skills in either spoken language or American Sign Language. PMID:19357242

Convertino, Carol M; Marschark, Marc; Sapere, Patricia; Sarchet, Thomastine; Zupan, Megan

2009-04-08

462

A Longitudinal Analysis of Contextual Exposure to Peers with College Educated Parents and Students' College Enrollment.  

PubMed

Students with college educated parents are more likely to attain higher levels of education than students of parents with lower levels of education. Past research has explained this favorable outcome as the result of advantageous placement and greater availability of educational resources. Using data from Add Health and AHAA, we find evidence that exposure to students of college educated parents at the school level and within courses increase the likelihood of four year college enrollment even after controlling for family background, achievement, and placement. We also found that exposure to students of college educated parents has especially strong positive effects on college enrollment for students whose own parents do not have a college degree. These findings suggest that greater exposure to students of highly educated parents at the school level and within courses partially explains the favorable educational attainment of students with college educated parents. PMID:22556452

Choi, Kate H; Raley, R Kelly; Muller, Chandra; Riegle-Crumb, Catherine

2008-12-01

463

A Longitudinal Analysis of Contextual Exposure to Peers with College Educated Parents and Students' College Enrollment  

PubMed Central

Students with college educated parents are more likely to attain higher levels of education than students of parents with lower levels of education. Past research has explained this favorable outcome as the result of advantageous placement and greater availability of educational resources. Using data from Add Health and AHAA, we find evidence that exposure to students of college educated parents at the school level and within courses increase the likelihood of four year college enrollment even after controlling for family background, achievement, and placement. We also found that exposure to students of college educated parents has especially strong positive effects on college enrollment for students whose own parents do not have a college degree. These findings suggest that greater exposure to students of highly educated parents at the school level and within courses partially explains the favorable educational attainment of students with college educated parents.

Choi, Kate H.; Raley, R. Kelly; Muller, Chandra; Riegle-Crumb, Catherine

2010-01-01

464

College Student Development and Alcohol Use among First Year Female College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effects of alcohol use on the transition experiences and development of eight female freshman college students. The theories developed by Erikson, Chickering, Perry, Kohlberg, Gilligan, Belenky, and Eisenhart were examined and related to student development. A qualitative case study research design involved data collection…

Sottile, James, M., Jr.

465

Psychosocial Correlates of Recreational Ecstasy Use among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students' ecstasy (MDMA) use increased significantly in recent years, yet little is known about these students. In this study, the authors used the Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Studies (CORE) survey to compare 29 college students who had used ecstasy and other illicit drugs with 90 students who had used marijuana and no other illicit…

Sim, Tiffanie; Jordan-Green, Lisa; Lee, Jieun; Wolfman, Jade; Jahangiri, Ava

2005-01-01

466

Drug Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Community College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a survey of 149 students at 14 colleges about their knowledge, use of, and attitudes about illegal psychoactive drugs. Finds that low percentages of students use drugs, but with 5.5 million students attending community colleges, even small percentages of users translate into large numbers, with attendant implications for student success…

Lumsden, Barry; Reid, Sandra

2000-01-01

467

Reconsidering the Relationship between Student Engagement and Persistence in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using data from two rounds of surveys on students in the Washington State Achievers (WSA) program, this study examined the relationship between student engagement in college activities and student persistence in college. Different approaches using student engagement measures in the persistence models were compared. The results indicated that the…

Hu, Shouping

2011-01-01

468

Fulfilling Educational Aspirations: Latino Students' College Information Seeking Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A nationally representative sample of high school students is used to examine where students go for college information and how those information sources affect the number of schools to which students apply. Results show that Latino/a students are least likely to access college sources and have applied to the fewest number of schools. Among…

Martinez, Sylvia; Cervera, Yesenia Lucia

2012-01-01

469

ERIC Review: Community College Students Recent Findings and Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent shifts in student composition have shaped and will shape community college mission and policies. Community college faculty and administrators should be aware of enrollment shifts, changing admissions standards, and fluctuating age, gender composition, and racial and ethnic identities of students. This review of the literature discusses these findings as well as student assessment and placement, student success and retention,

Alyssa N. Bryant

2001-01-01

470

Resistance to Reading Compliance among College Students: Instructors' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide information regarding why college students are not inclined to read, why college instructors are not motivated to reinforce student reading, and what type of actions can be taken by instructors to increase student reading compliance of journal articles. Low student self-confidence, disinterest in the…

Lei, Simon A.; Bartlett, Kerry A.; Gorney, Suzanne E.; Herschbach, Tamra R.

2010-01-01

471

Concerns of college students regarding business ethics: A replication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1984 we reported the results of surveying a nationwide sample of college students about selected business ethics issues. We concluded that (a) college students were in general concerned about the issues investigated and (b) female students were relatively more concerned than were male students. The present study replicated our earlier study and not only corroborated both of its conclusions,

Robert A. Peterson; Richard F. Beltramini; George Kozmetsky

1991-01-01

472

Hiring for Student Success: A Perspective from Community College Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of hiring for student success is important, as college staff, faculty, and administrators affect the lives of students daily and help to determine their success in college and in life. What is at stake is student success and its infrastructure: the quality of the academic environment, the quality of learning, and services for students,…

Gnage, Marie Foster; Drumm, Kevin E.

2010-01-01

473

Psychosocial Correlates of Recreational Ecstasy Use Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students' ecstasy (MDMA) use increased significantly in recent years, yet little is known about these students. In this study, the authors used the Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Studies (CORE) survey to compare 29 college students who had used ecstasy and other illicit drugs with 90 students who had used marijuana and no other illicit drugs. They noted

Tiffanie Sim; Lisa Jordan-Green; Jieun Lee; Jade Wolfman; Ava Jahangiri

2005-01-01

474

Drug Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Community College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a survey of 149 students at 14 colleges about their knowledge, use of, and attitudes about illegal psychoactive drugs. Finds that low percentages of students use drugs, but with 5.5 million students attending community colleges, even small percentages of users translate into large numbers, with attendant implications for student success…

Lumsden, Barry; Reid, Sandra

2000-01-01

475

The Role of Student Loans in College Access. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of student loans in college access. Borrowing to pay for education is a sound decision for most students, and student loans are a vital part of college financing policy. There has been a considerable increase in student borrowing, and much of this results from the introduction of the Stafford Loan in 1993. Borrowing…

Baum, Sandy

476

Self-Monitoring and Student Integration of Community College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports how the Self-Monitoring Scale (M. Snyder, 1974) predicted integration in the student integration model (V. Tinto, 1987, 1993) among a sample of 380 American community college students. A 2 × 2 between-subjects multivariate analysis of variance was performed on 2 dependent variables: academic and social integration. The independent variables were gender and self-monitoring (low and high). A

Anthony Guarino; William B. Michael; Dennis Hocevar

1998-01-01

477

Enhancing college students' understanding of lunar phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomy education researchers now know that college students do not enter the introductory astronomy classroom as blank slates, but rather these students enter the classroom with a pre-existing understanding of many introductory astronomy concepts, including lunar phases. Sometimes this understanding is scientifically correct, but often students' understanding is incomplete, inadequate or simply incorrect and cannot explain observed phenomenon. Unfortunately, students' pre- existing understandings are often deeply rooted, and many students leave the classroom without a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases. The question now arises, how do instructors develop successful instruction so that students leave the classroom with a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases? The purpose of this research study was therefore to design instruction that enhances college students' understanding of lunar phases. This multi-phase study utilized both qualitative and quantitative research methods to fulfill this purpose by identifying students' prior understanding of lunar phases, developing the Lunar Phases Concept Inventory (LPCI) to measure conceptual change, designing and evaluating an in-class group activity designed to teach the concept of lunar phases. Using a qualitative phenomenology, fourteen college students' conceptual understanding of lunar phases was uncovered. This conceptual understanding was organized into a conceptual framework with eight separate dimensions of student understanding, each with alternative facets of student understanding. Based upon this conceptual framework, the LPCI was developed. This instrument consists of fourteen multiple-choice items designed to assess student understanding of lunar phases. Based on a modified Karplus Learning Cycle, an in-class group activity was developed to teach the concept of lunar phases. During the fall semester of 1999, this activity was implemented at a midwestern university as part of a restructured astronomy course. This activity took only two fifty-minute class periods. Administered prior to and after instruction, the LPCI shows that the instruction was indeed effective. A statistical analysis of the results shows that the instruction produced an effect size of 2.99 and a normalized gain of 0.63.

Lindell, Rebecca Susan

478

Helping High School Students Succeed in College Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High school students in dual credit (college-level) courses around the country are often those who are the most academically advanced. However, those enrolled in Middle College-Early College (MC-EC) High Schools are taking and passing college courses in great numbers, in spite of membership in groups that may be considered educationally "at…

Barnett, Elisabeth

2006-01-01

479

Black College Students and Factors Influencing Their Major Field Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The choice of college major by black college students was studied in 1982, and various theories about the choice of major were evaluated. The study group consisted of 2,090 college juniors and seniors attending eight four-year colleges that were primarily located in the South Atlantic region. Five of the institutions were predominantly black and…

Thomas, Gail E.

480

What Principals and Students Should Know About College Admissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

College-bound high school students devour multitudes of college recruitment materials, and agonize over the required applications and essays. Parents encourage visits to college campuses, while guidance counselors confirm enrollment in rigorous high school courses. Teachers are asked to write letters of recommendation. But high school administrators must ask themselves if any of these tactics really contribute to college admission for

Linda Moody Wallinger

1998-01-01

481

Fall 1986 First-Time Community College Student Transfer Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1992, 27 Illinois community college districts (38 colleges) participated in a national transfer study conducted by the Center for the Study of Community Colleges (CSCC). The purpose of the study was to test a model for calculating transfer rates which used as its cohort group those students entering a community college in fall 1986 with no…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

482

Black College Students and Factors Influencing Their Major Field Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The choice of college major by black college students was studied in 1982, and various theories about the choice of major were evaluated. The study group consisted of 2,090 college juniors and seniors attending eight four-year colleges that were primarily located in the South Atlantic region. Five of the institutions were predominantly black and…

Thomas, Gail E.

483

Self-Monitoring and Student Integration of Community College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on how the Self-Monitoring Scale was used to predict academic and social integration among 380 community college students. Finds that among men, high self-monitors were more likely to achieve social integration than low self-monitors while low self-monitors were more likely to integrate academically than high self-monitors regardless of…

Guarino, Anthony; Michael, William B.; Hocevar, Dennis

1998-01-01

484

Suicide attempts and physical fighting among high school students--United States, 2001.  

PubMed

Violence is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among youths. In the United States, homicide and suicide are the second and third leading causes of death, respectively, for persons aged 13-19 years. Although suicide commonly is associated with anxiety, depression, and social withdrawal, research suggests a link between violent behaviors directed at oneself (i.e., suicidal behaviors) and violent behaviors directed at others among adolescents. Certain students who engage in extreme forms of violence, such as school shootings, exhibit suicidal ideation or behavior before or during the attack. However, suicidal behavior also might be associated with involvement in less extreme forms of violent behaviors, such as physical fighting, which might be a risk factor for more severe forms of violence. To characterize any potential association between suicide attempts and fighting, CDC analyzed self-reported 2001 data from a nationally representative sample of high school students in the United States. The results of that analysis indicated that students who reported attempting suicide during the preceding 12 months were nearly four times more likely also to have reported fighting than those who reported not attempting suicide. Prevention programs that seek to reduce both suicidal and violent behaviors are needed. Because prevalence of this association was determined to be highest in the 9th grade, these efforts might be most effective if implemented before students reach high school. PMID:15190242

2004-06-11

485

Mental Health and Career Development of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mental health and career development have the potential to affect each other reciprocally, yet very little has been written about the combined effect of mental health and career development of college students. College students seeking services in college career and counseling centers often present both types of issues simultaneously or both…

Hinkelman, Jeanne M.; Luzzo, Darrell Anthony

486

Outsourcing Student Housing in American Community Colleges: Problems and Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's community colleges are experiencing tremendous growth at a time when higher education is experiencing little success in the fierce battle for public funding. Administrators believe that providing housing on college campuses increases enrollment and improves access, but they are having difficulty meeting students' demands for both quantity and quality of student housing. Community college leaders are challenged to find

Gray Bekurs

2007-01-01

487

Impact of Guardian Relationships on Committed Relationships and College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past couple of decades, America's divorce rate has sky rocketed to almost half of all marriages ending in divorce. This study investigated the attitudes of male and female college students from a Midwestern college towards committed relationships based on their parents'\\/guardians' marital status. It was hypothesized that college students' attitudes would be affected by their parents' marital status

Heather Partridge; Hannah Baltus

488

College of DuPage Student Portrait, Fall Quarter 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The report profiles the College of DuPage's (COD) fall quarter 1999 student body. It presents a brief history of the college's enrollment and a comparison of enrollments with other Illinois community colleges. It also provides demographic information on current students. Additionally, enrollment information is included by program, division, and…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL. Office of Research and Planning.

489

Path Models of Vocational Calling in Christian College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the Christian college environment, students are encouraged to understand their vocational calling, yet quantitative research on how college students conceptualize calling is sparse. This correlational study extends the research literature significantly by empirically examining variables that affect sense of vocational calling in 270 college

Phillips, Sheri L.

2011-01-01

490

Drinking to Get Drunk among Incoming Freshmen College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The consumption of alcohol is ubiquitous on many college and university campuses. For some freshmen students, drinking may even be considered a "right of passage." Purpose: This study examined college freshmen who intentionally drink alcohol to get drunk (DTGD). Methods: Survey data from 307 incoming freshmen college students living…

Boekeloo, Bradley O.; Novik, Melinda G.; Bush, Elizabeth N.

2011-01-01

491

Stress, Social Support, and College Adjustment Among Latino Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the role of social support and stress on adjustment to college among Latino students. Measures of social support, stress, and adjustment to college were obtained from 77 Latino college students. Social support was positively associated with adjustment and negatively associated with stress. A negative relationship was found between stress and adjustment in bivariate analyses indicating that exposure

S. Lisbeth Jarama Alvan; Faye Z. Belgrave; Maria Cecilia Zea

1996-01-01

492

Student multicultural awareness in online community college classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – US community colleges are based on an open-door mission and serve to provide access to students of diverse backgrounds. Online learning is one of the fastest growing segments of community college offerings – serving both local and geographical dispersed students. If the community college system embraces its open-door mission, it must embrace new ways of providing multicultural experiences

Warren J. Brown

2010-01-01

493

Biofeedback and Counseling for Stress and Anxiety among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rise in stress and anxiety among college students, there is a need for more comprehensive and effective counseling options for counselors in college counseling centers. This study investigated the impact of using biofeedback and brief counseling in treating stress and anxiety in an ethnically diverse college student population. Results…

Ratanasiripong, Paul; Sverduk, Kevin; Prince, Judy; Hayashino, Diane

2012-01-01

494

Racial-Ethnic Differences in Social Anxiety among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated racial-ethnic differences in social anxiety among college students in two-year colleges. The sample consisted of 189 Asian American, African American, White American, and Hispanic American students from two colleges in the Southeast. Participants completed a questionnaire measure of social anxiety. The results…

LeSure-Lester, G. Evelyn; King, Nancy

2004-01-01

495

Cyberbullying among college students: prevalence and demographic differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participants were 439 college students who were asked how often they had experienced each of a series of bullying behaviors since they have been in college. Results indicated that 38% of college students knew someone who had been cyberbullied, 21.9% had been cyberbullied, and 8.6% had cyberbullying someone else. It was apparent that some forms of electronic media are more

Christine D. MacDonald; Bridget Roberts-Pittman

2010-01-01

496

Biofeedback and Counseling for Stress and Anxiety among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the rise in stress and anxiety among college students, there is a need for more comprehensive and effective counseling options for counselors in college counseling centers. This study investigated the impact of using biofeedback and brief counseling in treating stress and anxiety in an ethnically diverse college student population. Results…

Ratanasiripong, Paul; Sverduk, Kevin; Prince, Judy; Hayashino, Diane

2012-01-01

497

Ethical Sensitivity of College Students in a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates whether college students' ethical sensitivity and preferences for inclusion of ethics courses in their curriculum vary by their demographic characteristics such as gender, age, family income, and school status as to college major, grade and school ownership (state\\/private).Findings are based on responses to a 54-item questionnaire administered in Turkey to 677 college students of various grades (sophomores,

F. Bahar Ozdogan; Zeliha Eser

2007-01-01

498

Psychosocial Factors Predicting First-Year College Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study made use of a model of college success that involves students achieving academic goals and life satisfaction. Hierarchical regressions examined the role of six psychosocial factors for college success among 579 first-year college students. Academic self-efficacy and organization and attention to study were predictive of first semester…

Krumrei-Mancuso, Elizabeth J.; Newton, Fred B.; Kim, Eunhee; Wilcox, Dan

2013-01-01

499

College Students With ADHDCurrent Status and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 2 to 8% of the college population reports clinically significant levels of ADHD symptomatology and at least 25% of college students with disabilities are diagnosed with ADHD. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted with findings consistently indicating academic deficits associated with ADHD in college students. It is less clear whether this disorder significantly impacts social, psychological, and

George J. DuPaul; Lisa L. Weyandt; Sean M. ODell; Michael Varejao

2009-01-01

500

Race, Social Support and College Student Retention: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

At most colleges and universities, African American and Latino students are less likely than students from other racial and ethnic backgrounds to stay enrolled in college and are, therefore, less likely to earn a college degree. The Digest of Educational Statistics reports the following trends: in 2006 30% of Whites age 25 and older held a bachelor’s degree, while 17%

Vasti Torres; Christina N. Baker; Belinda Robnett

2012-01-01