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1

College Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the topic of college student suicide. Empirical and theoretical studies are reviewed. The research is presented in distinct sections. First, we present background information on college student suicide emphasized in a select number of cited literature reviews, followed by a review of a select number of key quantitative studies…

Schwartz, Lisa J.; Friedman, Howard A.

2009-01-01

2

Student Suicide and Colleges' Liability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia recently became the first state to pass legislation that bars public colleges and universities from punishing or expelling students "solely for attempting to commit suicide, or seeking mental-health treatment for suicidal thoughts or behaviors." While well intentioned, the law adds nothing to current law and will, in fact, make a bad…

Smith, Robert B.; Fleming, Dana L.

2007-01-01

3

Understanding and Preventing College Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is currently the second leading cause of death among college students in the United States. This complex issue on college campuses is often overlooked, and this book combines the efforts from several leaders in the field of suicidology in an attempt to grasp a better understanding of college student suicide. The book is divided into four…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Lester, David

2011-01-01

4

Suicidal Behavior among Latina College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latina college students are one of the fastest-growing segments of the college student population. Although there is evidence suggesting Latina high school students are at increased risk of engaging in suicidal behavior, it is unclear Bwhether this risk continues in college. Over the course of 3 years, 554 Latina college students, the majority of…

Chesin, Megan S.; Jeglic, Elizabeth L.

2012-01-01

5

Qualitative content analysis of suicidal ideation in Korean college students.  

PubMed

The suicide rate for ages 15-24 increased recently in South Korea. The purpose of this study was to understand the suicidal ideation using the qualitative content analysis in South Korean college students. The data were collected with non-structured open questions in 134 college students and were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The collected materials were classified 2 categories, 6 themes, and 21 theme clusters. Two categories are emerged: (1) facilitators of suicidal ideation, and (2) inhibitors of suicidal ideation. This study identified that the facilitators of suicidal ideation are physical, psychological and societal concerns, and suggested that the inhibitors of suicidal ideation are influenced by religious and cultural context. These results presented that Buddhism and Confucianism had influence on reasons to not attempting suicide behavior as the inhibitor of suicidal ideation. In conclusion, cultural context should be considered to develop strategies for the suicide prevention in South Korean college student. PMID:21706996

Jo, Kae-Hwa; An, Gyeong Ju; Sohn, Ki-Cheul

2011-01-01

6

College Students' Reasons for Concealing Suicidal Ideation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-reported reasons for concealing suicidal ideation were explored using data from a national survey of undergraduate and graduate students: 558 students indicated that they seriously considered attempting suicide during the previous year and did not tell anyone about their suicidal thoughts. Content analysis of students' qualitative responses…

Burton Denmark, Adryon; Hess, Elaine; Becker, Martin Swanbrow

2012-01-01

7

Suicidal Behavior and Help Seeking among Diverse College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicidal and help-seeking behaviors of students of color remain a significant problem on college campuses. Self-reported suicidal experiences and help-seeking behavior of diverse students are examined on the basis of results from a national survey of college student mental health. The results suggest significant differences in the expression of…

Brownson, Chris; Becker, Martin Swanbrow; Shadick, Richard; Jaggars, Shanna S.; Nitkin-Kaner, Yael

2014-01-01

8

Predictors of College Student Suicidal Ideation: Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need to identify students at risk for suicide. Predictors of suicidality were examined separately for men and women in a college health survey of 630 students. Women reported higher levels of suicidal ideation than men in the previous year. Separate regression analyses for men and women accounted for significant amounts of the variance…

Stephenson, Hugh; Pena-Shaff, Judith; Quirk, Priscilla

2006-01-01

9

Coping, Reasons for Living, and Suicide in Black College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the roles of reasons for living and coping in protecting against suicidal behaviors among 361 Black college students. Results of a path analysis revealed that reasons for living mediated against suicidal ideation through an inverse effect on depression. Results also indicated that greater use of emotion-oriented coping may…

Wang, Mei-Chuan; Nyutu, Pius N.; Tran, Kimberly K.

2012-01-01

10

Spiritual Well-Being and Suicidal Ideation among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study explored whether specific dimensions of spiritual well-being (religious well-being and existential well-being) relate to reduced suicidal ideation, and whether associations persisted after controlling for religiosity and psychosocial variables associated with suicide. Participants: Participants were 457 college students who…

Taliaferro, Lindsay A.; Rienzo, Barbara A.; Pigg, R. Morgan, Jr.; Miller, M. David; Dodd, Virginia J.

2009-01-01

11

Risk Factors for Suicide in Taiwanese College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors investigated the personality characteristics, psychopathology, parenting style, and family function among Taiwanese college students with high, moderate, and low suicidal risks. Participants: The sample included 2,919 first-year college students (1,414 men, 1,505 women) from a university in Taipei, Taiwan. Methods: A…

Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Chen, Ying-Yeh; Tsai, Fang-Ju; Lee, Ming-Been; Chiu, Yen-Nan; Soong, Wei-Tsuen; Hwu, Hai-Gwo

2008-01-01

12

Testing a Model of Suicide Ideation in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined several risk factors--negative life events (NLE), hopelessness, and depressive symptoms--believed to commonly precipitate suicide ideation in college students. A total of 345 undergraduates participated in the study. Students completed four self-report questionnaires. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to construct a…

Konick, Lisa C.; Gutierrez, Peter M.

2005-01-01

13

Comprehensive College Student Suicide Assessment: Application of the BASIC ID  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether one knows someone who is thinking of suicide, has attempted suicide, or has completed suicide, nearly all individuals who encounter suicide are affected. The influence and residual affects of suicide are further amplified as the issue reaches across communities such as college or university campuses. College and university staff must…

Paladino, Derrick; Minton, Casey A. Barrio

2008-01-01

14

Religious commitment, attitudes toward suicide, and suicidal behaviors among college students of different ethnic and religious groups in Malaysia.  

PubMed

The variation in suicide patterns across ethnic groups with different religious background is a puzzling social phenomenon. This study sought to examine the impact of religious commitment and attitudes toward suicide on suicidal behaviors of college students across major ethnic and religious groups in a multicultural society of Malaysia. A total of 139 college students completed Religious Commitment Inventory-10, Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale, and Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire-Revised. Findings showed significant discrepancies in attitudes toward suicide, but not suicidal behaviors across ethnic and religious groups. Suicide acceptance significantly affected suicidal behaviors as well. Although religious commitment is not associated with suicidal behaviors, its deviation is reflected in students' acceptance of suicide. Additionally, college students' suicide risk, lifetime, and recent suicide ideation, as well as their likelihood of future suicide attempt can be associated with their acceptance of suicide. The influence of attitudes toward suicide and religion, therefore, should be taken into consideration while implementing suicide prevention programs as it helps shape the norms about suicide among youths. PMID:23196328

Foo, Xiang Yi; Alwi, Muhd Najib Mohd; Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhillah; Ibrahim, Normala; Osman, Zubaidah Jamil

2014-06-01

15

Associations between impulsivity, aggression, and suicide in Chinese college students  

PubMed Central

Background Although there are accumulating data regarding the epidemiology of suicide in China, there are meager data on suicidal ideation and attempts among college students. Interestingly, elevated impulsivity is thought to facilitate the transition from suicidal thoughts to suicidal behavior. Therefore, the objective of this research was to identify the associations between suicide and the personality factors of impulsivity and aggression. Methods This study’s sampling method employed stratified random cluster sampling. A multi-stage stratified sampling procedure was used to select participants (n?=?5,245). We conducted structured interviews regarding a range of socio-demographic characteristics and suicidal morbidity. The Patient Health Questionnaire depression module (PHQ-9) was used to acquire the information about thoughts of being better off dead or hurting themselves in some ways during the past two weeks. The impulsivity symptoms in this study were assessed with the BIS-11-CH (i.e., the Chinese version of the BIS-11), and the Aggressive symptoms were assessed with the BAQ. The statistical package for social science (SPSS) v.13.0 program (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) was used for statistical analysis. Socio-demographic variables such as ethnic and gender were compared between groups, through the use of ?2 tests. The nonparametric test (k Independent Sample test, Kruskal-Wallis H) was performed to determine differences between the personality factors of impulsivity and aggression and suicide. Results In total, 9.1% (n?=?479) of the 5,245 students reported they have ever thought about committing suicide; and 1% (n?=?51) reported a history of attempted suicide (attempters). The analyses detected significant differences in scores on cognitive impulsivity (p?suicidal ideation and individuals who had attempted suicide. Moreover, significant differences were found between ideators only and attempters on scores of self-oriented attack (p?Suicidal ideation is prevalent among Chinese university students. Students with high aggression scores were more susceptible to committing suicide. Scores on self-oriented attack and cognitive impulsivity may be important factors for differentially predicting suicide ideation and suicide attempts. PMID:24894449

2014-01-01

16

Self-Injurious Behavior and Suicide Attempts among Indonesian College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the prevalence of self-injurious behavior and suicide attempts among college students in Indonesia and examines risk factors distinguishing between 3 groups: self-injury with suicide attempt, non-suicidal self-injury, and non-self-injury. Self-report questionnaires measuring self-injury and suicide attempts, negative mood…

Tresno, Fiona; Ito, Yoshimi; Mearns, Jack

2012-01-01

17

Association of Solitary Binge Drinking and Suicidal Behavior Among Emerging Adult College Students  

PubMed Central

Emerging adult college students who binge drink in solitary contexts (i.e., while alone) experience greater depression and suicidal ideation than students who only binge drink in social contexts, suggesting that they may be at greater risk for suicidal behavior. This study examined the association of a previous suicide attempt, one of the best predictors of future suicide attempts and suicide, and severity of recent suicidal ideation with drinking in solitary and social contexts. Participants were binge drinking emerging adult (18- to 25-year-old) college students (N = 182) drawn from two studies of college drinkers. A logistic regression analysis revealed that both suicide attempt history and severity of suicidal ideation were significantly associated with a greater likelihood of being a solitary binge drinker as opposed to only a social binge drinker. Students with a previous suicide attempt were nearly 4 times more likely to be solitary binge drinkers. Multiple regression analyses revealed that suicide attempt history was significantly associated with greater frequency and quantity of drinking in solitary, but not social contexts. Suicidal ideation was significantly associated with drinks per solitary drinking day, but not frequency of solitary drinking once suicide attempt history was accounted for. Given the associations found between solitary binge drinking and a history of suicide attempts, as well as greater severity of recent suicidal ideation, it would appear that these students are in need of suicide prevention efforts, including treatment efforts aimed at reducing binge drinking. PMID:22288976

Gonzalez, Vivian M.

2012-01-01

18

Validation of Reasons for Living and Their Relationship with Suicidal Ideation in Korean College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to examine the validity of reasons for living (RFL) and the protective role they may play against suicidal ideation in college students in South Korea. A total of 277 undergraduate students participated by completing the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CS-RFL), along with measures of suicide risk including…

Lee, Yuri; Oh, Kyung Ja

2012-01-01

19

College Student Suicide in the United States: 1990-1991 through 2003-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggestions that there is a growing epidemic of suicide among college students in the United States are false. The National Survey of Counseling Center Directors reports 1,404 student suicides over a 14-year period and an adjusted suicide rate of 6.5, half the rate of the general US population (12.6 for all races) during this period when matched…

Schwartz, Allan J.

2006-01-01

20

Aspects of Suicidal Behavior, Depression, and Treatment in College Students: Results from the Spring 2000 National College Health Assessment Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National College Health Assessment Survey (NCHA), sponsored by the American College Health Association, measured depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts among 15,977 college students in the academic year 1999? 2000. Similar to the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and…

Kisch, Jeremy; Leino, E. Victor; Silverman, Morton M.

2005-01-01

21

Suicide Prevention in College Students: A Collaborative Approach.  

PubMed

Described by Durkheim (1966) as the crudest expression of the social phenomena, suicide is of interest to clinicians, academics and researchers. Within the academic context, this issue has to be addressed and prevented. We are interested in sharing the process of participative action that led to the creation of a Suicide Prevention Program (SPP) for college students. Based on knowledge that was generated through a collaborative effort among all sectors of the academic community, we developed a prevention campaign that is culturally sensitive to our university's environment. This campaign is directed towards overcoming the stigma of seeking help and is characterized by promoting a sense of wellbeing in a holistic manner, paying attention not only to the individual, but also to elements of their sociocultural environment. PMID:24174688

Fernández Rodríguez, María Del C; Huertas, Ivonne Bayron

2013-01-01

22

Mood States as Predictors of Characteristics and Precipitants of Suicidality among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines college students' self-reported mood states during a suicidal crisis and the relationship between mood and indicators of suicidality. Multilevel modeling demonstrated that the moods of hopelessness and anger predicted stronger intent; anxiety/worry predicted weaker thoughts of suicide; hopelessness increased the odds of…

Hess, Elaine A.; Becker, Martin A.; Pituch, Keenan A.; Saathoff, Andrea K.

2011-01-01

23

Asian American College Students' Suicide Ideation: A Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to explore the phenomenon of suicide ideation among 293 Asian American college students. Guided by T. Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior, the authors examined the relationships among perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, self-construals, and suicide

Wong, Y. Joel; Koo, Kelly; Tran, Kimberly K.; Chiu, Yu-Chen; Mok, Yvonne

2011-01-01

24

Associations between Physical Activity and Reduced Rates of Hopelessness, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors explored associations among types of physical activity and hopelessness, depression, and suicidal behavior among college students. Participants: Participants included 43,499 college students aged 18 to 25 who completed the 2005 National College Health Assessment conducted by the American College Health Association. Methods:…

Taliaferro, Lindsay A.; Rienzo, Barbara A.; Pigg, R. Morgan; Miller, M. David; Dodd, Virginia J.

2009-01-01

25

Mediating Effects of Stress, Weight-Related Issues, and Depression on Suicidality in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Through a holistic health lens, the current study examines the effects of weight-related issues and stress on suicidality while controlling for depressive symptoms in college students. Participants: In total, 872 undergraduate and graduate students at DePaul University completed the American College Health Association-National College

Smith, Sydney S.; Smith Carter, Jocelyn; Karczewski, Sabrina; Pivarunas, Bernadette; Suffoletto, Shannon; Munin, Art

2015-01-01

26

Prevalence of Suicide Attempts among College Students in China: A Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Suicide is the leading cause of death among 15–34 year olds in China, but no national data are available on the suicide and suicide attempts rates of college students, a sub-group of youth with 23 million. Several studies have reported the prevalence of suicide attempts among college students, however, no meta-analysis pooling the prevalence of suicide attempts is found. Objective and Methods This study aims to estimate the pooled prevalence of suicide attempts among college students in China. The relevant studies up to August 2014 were systematically searched via electronic databases (PubMed-Medline, Embase, Chinese Wanfang database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure and Chinese VIP database). We only selected original articles that either reported the prevalence of suicide attempts or sufficient data for calculating the prevalence. Results A total of 29 eligible studies, with 88,225 college students, were finally included. The maximum and minimum reported prevalences of suicide attempts among college students in China were 0.4% and 10.5%, respectively. The pooled prevalence of suicide attempts was 2.8% (95%CI: 2.3%–3.3%). Subgroup analyses showed that the pooled estimate of prevalence of life time suicide attempts was 2.7% (95%CI: 2.1%–3.3%), and 12-month suicide attempts was 2.9% (95%CI: 2.0%–3.8%). The prevalence for males was 2.4% (95%CI: 1.8%–3.0%), and for females was 2.7% (95%CI: 1.9%–3.7%). The prevalences among college students in grade 1 through 4 were 2.8% (95%CI: 1.7%–3.8%), 1.8% (95%CI: 1.2%–2.3%), 2.0% (95%CI: 0.8%–3.1%), and 2.9% (95%CI: 0.1%–6.7%), respectively. The prevalences among college students from rural and urban areas were 5.1% (95%CI: 2.8%–7.5%) and 3.7% (95%CI: 1.4%–5.9%), respectively. Conclusions 2.8% prevalence of suicide attempts and more than 600,000 suicide attempters among college students indicate that suicide attempt among college students is an important public health problem in China. More attention should be paid to the current situation. PMID:25664661

Yang, Lin-Sheng; Zhang, Zhi-Hua; Sun, Liang; Sun, Ye-Huan; Ye, Dong-Qing

2015-01-01

27

Suicidal Behavior, Negative Affect, Gender, and Self-Reported Delinquency in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The associations among suicidal behavior, negative affect, and delinquency were assessed via an anonymous self-report survey administered to male and female college students ( N = 383). Contrary to our hypothesized results, there were no gender differences in rates of suicidal ideation and attempts. Confirming our hypotheses about gender…

Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Arata, Catalina; Bowers, David; O'Brien, Natalie; Morgan, Allen

2004-01-01

28

Childhood Adversity, Recent Life Stressors and Suicidal Behavior in Chinese College Students  

PubMed Central

Background Although the independent effects of childhood adversities and of recent negative events on suicidality have been well-documented, the combinative role of childhood and recent adversities on risk for suicidality is still underexplored, especially in the context of Chinese culture and in consideration of specific types of negative events. Method 5989 students, randomly sampled from six universities in central China, completed the online survey for this study. Suicidal behavior, life adversity during childhood and stressful events in recent school life were assessed with designed questionnaires. Results Students experiencing recent stressful life events more often reported an experience of life adversity during childhood. While recent stressful life events and childhood life adversity both were associated with an increased risk for suicidal behavior, the two exposures presented conjunctively and acted interactively to increase the risk. There was noticeable variation of effects associated with specific childhood life adversities, and sexual abuse, poor parental relationship, divorce of parents and loss of a parent were among the adversities associated with the highest increased risk. Recent conflicts with classmates, poor school performance and rupture of romantic relationships were the recent school life stressors associated with the highest increased risk. Conclusions Childhood adversity and recent school life stressors had a combinative role in predicting suicidality of young people studying in Chinese colleges. Unhappy family life during childhood and recent interpersonal conflicts in school were the most important predictors of suicidality in this population. PMID:24681891

You, Zhiqi; Chen, Mingxi; Yang, Sen; Zhou, Zongkui; Qin, Ping

2014-01-01

29

Examining Suicide Protective Factors Among Black College Students  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to contribute to the nascent literature on resilience and suicidality among Black Americans by examining factors that may predict less suicidal behavior among this population. We hypothesized that reasons for living, life satisfaction, and religious awareness would account for unique variance in suicidal thoughts and behavior among Black Americans, above the variance accounted for by depressive symptoms. We also hypothesized that reasons for living and religious awareness would be stronger inverse predictors among Black women than Black men. Results indicated that both depression and life satisfaction were stronger predictors of suicidal behavior among Black men. Among women, only reasons for living was a significant inverse predictor of suicidal thoughts and behavior. More frequent reasons for living moderated the relationship between depression and suicidal thoughts and behavior among Black women. PMID:24524434

Wang, Mei-Chuan; Lightsey, Owen Richard; Tran, Kimberly K.; Bonaparte, Taria S.

2012-01-01

30

Alcohol-Related Problems and Risk of Suicide among College Students: The Mediating Roles of Belongingness and Burdensomeness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship among alcohol-related problems, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicide proneness in undergraduate college students (N = 996) was examined. As hypothesized, alcohol-related problems, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness were all significantly and positively correlated with suicide proneness.…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Malone, Patrick S.

2011-01-01

31

The Immediate Effects of Homicidal, Suicidal, and Nonviolent Heavy Metal and Rap Songs on the Moods of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the impact of homicidal, suicidal, and nonviolent heavy metal and rap songs on the moods of male college undergraduates. Students (n=164) completed mood inventories after listening to 1 of 6 songs. Results show no effects of these songs on suicidal ideation, anxiety, or self-esteem. Rap songs elicited greater angry responses than heavy…

Ballard, Mary E.; Coates, Steven

1995-01-01

32

Belief system, meaningfulness, and psychopathology associated with suicidality among Chinese college students: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background Research suggests that Chinese religious believers are more likely to commit suicide than those identifying as non-religious among rural young adults, contrary to findings in Western countries. However, one cannot conclude that religiosity is associated with elevated suicide risk without examining the effect of political and religious beliefs in a generally atheist country like China where political belief plays a dominant role in the belief system of young adults. The present study investigated the effects of political and religious belief on suicidality with meaningfulness and psychopathology as potential mediators in a large representative sample of Chinese college students. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1390 first-year college students randomly sampled from 10 colleges and universities in mainland China. Results A total of 1168 respondents (84.0%) provided complete data on all variables. Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt were 45.1%, 6.8%, and 1.9% respectively, with one-year suicidal ideation showing at 19.3%. Female gender was associated with elevated risk of suicidality. Political belief but not religious belief was associated with decreased suicide risk. A significant interactive effect of political belief and religious belief was found, indicating that for political believers, being religious was associated with decreased suicide risk; for non-political believers, being religious was associated with increased suicide risk. Multi-group structural equation modeling showed that meaningfulness completely mediated and psychopathology partially mediated the effect of belief system on suicidality. Gender differences were found in pathways of political belief by religious beliefs to suicidality and political belief to psychopathology. The coefficients were significant for males but not for females. Conclusions In less religious societies, political belief may serve as a means of integration as does religious affiliation in religious societies. Males were more likely to benefit from the protective effect of a belief system on suicidality than females. PMID:22898096

2012-01-01

33

Suicide Proneness in College Students: Relationships with Gender, Procrastination, and Achievement Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships between 2 academic dispositions (i.e., procrastination and achievement motivation) and 2 indices of suicidal proneness in college women and men. The degree these 2 academic dispositions could predict unique variance in suicide proneness scores, above and beyond the influence of depression and self-esteem was…

Klibert, Jeffrey; Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Luna, Amy; Robichaux, Michelle

2011-01-01

34

Cultural Orientation, Family Cohesion, and Family Support in Suicide Ideation and Depression among African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extends previous research by examining the role of communalism, family cohesion, and family support in suicide ideation and depression in African American college students. Results show that communalism, family cohesion, and family support were positively associated with each other. Higher levels of family cohesion and family support were…

Harris, Treniece Lewis; Molock, Sherry Davis

2000-01-01

35

Cross-sectional survey on the acceptability of suicide among rural residents, urban residents and college students from three locations in China  

PubMed Central

Background Community attitudes about suicide and their relationship to suicidal behavior have not been adequately investigated in low- and middle-income countries. Aims Compare acceptability of suicide in different population cohorts in China, identify factors that affect the degree of acceptability, and assess the relationship of cohort-specific acceptability of suicide and suicide rates. Methods A multi-stage stratified random sample of 608 rural residents, 582 urban residents and 629 college students were administered a 25-item scale in which respondents stated the likelihood they would consider suicide (on a 5-point Likert scale) if they experienced a variety of stressors ranging from ‘being disciplined at work’ to ‘developing a chronic mental illness’. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability for the scale are excellent (Cronbach’s ? =0.92, ICC=0.75). Results College students had the most permissive attitudes about suicide and urban residents were significantly more accepting of suicide as a response to serious life stressors than rural residents. Multivariate analysis found that the overall acceptability score was higher in women, decreased with age, and increased with years of education. Conclusions There was no clear relationship between cohort-specific acceptance of suicide and reported rates of suicide, highlighting the complexity of the relationship between attitudes about suicide (of which acceptability is only one component) and suicidal behavior. PMID:20801748

Li, Xianyun; Phillips, Michael R.

2011-01-01

36

Suicide Prevention for LGBT Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive media coverage of the suicide deaths of several gay and lesbian youth has highlighted lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth as a population at-risk for suicide. In addition, it has caused colleges and universities to address mental health and suicide behavior among this very diverse college population. One issue that…

Johnson, R. Bradley; Oxendine, Symphony; Taub, Deborah J.; Robertson, Jason

2013-01-01

37

The Relationship of Level of Positive Mental Health with Current Mental Disorders in Predicting Suicidal Behavior and Academic Impairment in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To investigate whether level of positive mental health complements mental illness in predicting students at risk for suicidal behavior and impaired academic performance. Participants: A sample of 5,689 college students participated in the 2007 Healthy Minds Study and completed an Internet survey that included the Mental Health…

Keyes, Corey L. M.; Eisenberg, Daniel; Perry, Geraldine S.; Dube, Shanta R.; Kroenke, Kurt; Dhingra, Satvinder S.

2012-01-01

38

Gender Differences in Risk and Protective Factors for Suicidal Ideation among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The correlates and predictors of suicidal ideation were examined in 303 male and 691 female undergraduates. Results indicated that hopelessness predicted suicidal ideation in both samples; however, depression was found to be a significant suicide risk factor only in women. In contrast, alcohol-related problems and social support from family…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Lester, David

2013-01-01

39

Solitary and social heavy drinking, suicidal ideation, and drinking motives in underage college drinkers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In college students, solitary heavy drinking (i.e., while alone) is associated with depression and with higher rates of drinking problems than heavy drinking in social contexts. This study explored the relationship among heavy episodic drinking context, suicidal ideation, and drinking motives among underage college drinkers (n=91) with a history of passive suicidal ideation. Participants completed measures of depression, suicidal ideation,

Vivian M. Gonzalez; R. Lorraine Collins; Clara M. Bradizza

2009-01-01

40

Counselling, Suicide Risk Assessment, and Retention in a Community College (2004-2009)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on Suicide Risk Assessment (SRA) protocols completed by counsellors for 153 students who presented with suicidal ideation at a community college counselling centre during a five year period. This study sought to: determine the number of students presenting with suicidal ideation annually; identify the types of interventions used…

Porter, Shirley

2010-01-01

41

Rate, Relative Risk, and Method of Suicide by Students at 4-Year Colleges and Universities in the United States, 2004-2005 through 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 622 suicides were reported among students attending 645 distinct campuses from 2004-2005 through 2008-2009. Adjusting for gender in the population at risk of 14.9 million student-years and for the source of these data, the student suicide rate of 7.0 was significantly and substantially lower than for a matched national sample. Suicide

Schwartz, Allan J.

2011-01-01

42

College Students' Intentions to Seek Help for Suicidal Ideation: Accounting for the Help-Negation Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research has identified a negative association between suicidal ideation and help-seeking, a phenomenon called "help-negation." Help-negation has been documented to occur for both professional and nonprofessional sources of help. In this study help-seeking attitudes, stigma concerns, and perceptions of social support were examined as…

Yakunina, Elena S.; Rogers, James R.; Waehler, Charles A.; Werth, James L., Jr.

2010-01-01

43

Tragic Accident or Wrongful Death? Assessing the Effectiveness of MIT's Responses in a High-Profile Student Suicide Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the prevalence of mental health issues and suicidal ideation among U.S. college students, higher education institutions are likely to face a student suicide crisis at some point. The messages college administrators send in the aftermath of a student suicide crisis have the potential to placate or exacerbate the outrage that stakeholders…

Hudson, Tara D.

2011-01-01

44

The associations of race/ethnicity and suicidal ideation among college students: a latent class analysis examining precipitating events and disclosure patterns.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper was to examine precipitating events for suicidal ideation and how these experiences relate to disclosure in a diverse sample of college students were examined. Among non-Hispanic White students, relationship/academic problems were most associated with ideation. A romantic break-up increased the odds of getting help. Among racial/ethnic minority students, family/academic problems were most associated with ideation and students who reported multiple events were less likely to get help compared with those not reporting events. Future research should examine the reasons for interpersonal conflict among this high-risk group and their attitudes about help-seeking, and identify cultural norms associated with disclosure. PMID:24816248

De Luca, Susan; Yan, Yueqi; Lytle, Megan; Brownson, Chris

2014-08-01

45

Drivers of Disparity: Differences in Socially-Based Risk Factors of Self-injurious and Suicidal Behaviors Among Sexual Minority College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (i.e., sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood. Objective: To test the association between socially-based stressors (e.g., victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. Participants: A national sample of college-attending 18- to 24-year-olds. Methods: Random or census samples from post-secondary

John Blosnich; Robert Bossarte

2012-01-01

46

Drivers of Disparity: Differences in Socially Based Risk Factors of Self-injurious and Suicidal Behaviors Among Sexual Minority College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (ie, sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood. Objective: To test the association between socially based stressors (eg, victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. Participants: A national sample of college-attending 18- to 24-year-olds. Methods: Random or census samples from

John Blosnich; Robert Bossarte

2012-01-01

47

Young People and Suicide—the College Scene | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... All that is changing rapidly, says Jane L. Pearson, Ph.D., Associate Director for Preventive Interventions at ... depression, and other disorders among college students." Dr. Pearson also chairs the NIMH Suicide Research Consortium, made ...

48

Safeguarding Your Students against Suicide: Expanding the Safety Net. Proceedings from an Expert Panel on Vulnerability, Depressive Symptoms, and Suicidal Behavior on College Campuses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2001, former Surgeon General David Satcher released the first national suicide prevention strategy, "The National Strategy for Suicide Prevention: Goals and Objectives for Action." Successful implementation of this plan requires comprehensive support and collaboration from individuals and organizations within the local community and the…

National Mental Health Association, Alexandria, VA.

49

Participation in sports teams and suicidal behavior: an analysis of the 1995 national college health risk behavior survey.  

PubMed

A 1995 data set from a survey of college students carried out by the Centers for Disease Control was examined to explore whether participation in sports was associated with recent suicidal behavior. Overall, participation in college sports was associated with a reduced incidence of suicidal ideation in the past year, but had no association with attempted suicide in the past year. However, this protective effect was found for European American students, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans, but not for African Americans, and was stronger for male students than for female students. PMID:25153736

Lester, David

2014-08-01

50

Student Assistance Program Outcomes for Students at Risk for Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pennsylvania's response to adolescent suicide is its Student Assistance Program (SAP). SAP has been funded for 27 years although no statewide outcome studies using case-level data have been conducted. This study used logistic regression to examine drug-/alcohol-related behaviors and suspensions of suicidal students who participated in SAP. Of…

Biddle, Virginia Sue; Kern, John, III; Brent, David A.; Thurkettle, Mary Ann; Puskar, Kathryn R.; Sekula, L. Kathleen

2014-01-01

51

Suicide Prevention: The Student Assistance Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Roberts Assistance Program (RAP), a model program for student assistance and suicide prevention established in 1988 by the Owen J. Roberts School District in Chester County, Pennsylvania provides services to students in kindergarten through grade 12. Core teams of school professionals from the high school and middle school have received…

Taylor-Mearhoff, Cheryl

52

Suicidality Among High School Students in Hong Kong, SAR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is the leading cause of death in Hong Kong SAR for the youth aged 15?24. This study examined the prevalence of suicidality among secondary school students in Hong Kong using a representative, territory-wide sample of 2,586 students. Suicidal behaviors can be conceptualized as a spectrum of self-destructive behaviors. Cumulative logit model…

Yip, Paul S. F.; Liu, K. Y.; Lam, T. H.; Stewart, Sunita M.; Chen, Eric; Fan, Susan

2004-01-01

53

Perceptions of Suicide Risk and the Helpfulness of Intervention Strategies: A Comparison of Students and Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of college students (n=132) and mothers (n=64) who listened to simulated hotline calls and then rated levels of suicide risk and the helpfulness of interventions. Results show that students associated emotional problems with risk, whereas mothers associated risk with perceived changes in behavior. (RJM)

Lang, Alison; Lovejoy, M. Christine

1997-01-01

54

Suicidal Ideation and Attitudes toward Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although hopelessness and depression are known risk factors for suicide, most individuals who are hopeless or depressed never make a suicide attempt. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that college students' (n = 230) attitudes toward suicide (the degree to which they see it as an acceptable option under some circumstances) would moderate the…

Gibb, Brandon E.; Andover, Margaret S.; Beach, Steven R. H.

2006-01-01

55

Protest suicide among Korean students and laborers: a study of suicide notes.  

PubMed

Suicide notes from two groups of protest suicides in South Korea during the period 1975-2003 were compared: suicide notes from students (n =16) and suicide notes from workers (n = 15). The students appeared to be acting upon abstract ideals, including the oppression of the masses by the government and the American forces in Korea, and they typically urged the reunification of Korea. The workers were acting upon more local concerns, such as the oppression of their union by the government and the companies and the policies of their specific companies. PMID:20099554

Ben Park, B C; Lester, David

2009-12-01

56

The Impact of Experiential Exercises on Communication and Relational Skills in a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper-Training Program for College Resident Advisors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In an effort to identify students at risk for suicide, many colleges are implementing suicide prevention training for campus gatekeepers. This study evaluated the efficacy of a 3-hour, experiential-based gatekeeper training that included an emphasis on enhancing communication skills and relational connection in addition to the didactic…

Pasco, Susan; Wallack, Cory; Sartin, Robert M.; Dayton, Rebecca

2012-01-01

57

Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Asian American Students' Suicidal Ideation: A Multicampus, National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation among 1,377 Asian American college students across 66 U.S. campuses were examined. The results indicated a variety of factors were associated with morbid thoughts: medication for mental health concerns, gender, GPA, undergraduate status, religious affiliation, living with a family…

Wong, Y. Joel; Brownson, Chris; Schwing, Alison E.

2011-01-01

58

Reasons for Living and Alcohol Use among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heavy alcohol consumption is prevalent on many college campuses and alcohol use has been linked to suicidal behavior. The present study examined reasons for living in 287 college students with varying levels of risk for alcohol-related problems. With the exception of the moral objections subscale of the Reasons for Living Inventory, significant…

Lamis, Dorian A.; Ellis, Jon B.; Chumney, Frances L.; Dula, Chris S.

2009-01-01

59

Nursing students’ attitude towards suicide attempters: A study from rural part of Northern India  

PubMed Central

Context: Majority of health professionals have unfavorable attitudes towards patients presenting with self-harm, which further compromises their willingness and outcome of care. Aims: To assess the nursing students’ attitudes toward suicide attempters. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study was conducted in two nursing colleges of north India. Material and Methods: Three hundred and eight nursing students were recruited through total enumeration method from May to June 2012. ‘Suicide opinion questionnaire’ was administered to assess their attitudes towards suicide attempters. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics was employed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 14.0 for Windows. Results: Majority were single females, from urban locality, with the mean age of 20 years. Only minority had previous exposure to suicide prevention programs and management of such cases. Majority of students agreed for mental illness, disturbed family life, and depression as major push to attempt suicide. They held favorable attitude for half of the attitudinal statement, but they were uncertain for rest half of the statements. Conclusions: They generally had favorable attitude towards suicide attempters. Their uncertain response highlights the need for enhancing educational exposure of nursing students and new staff at the earliest opportunity, to carve their favorable attitude towards patients presenting with self-harm. PMID:24347946

Nebhinani, Mamta; Nebhinani, Naresh; Tamphasana, L.; Gaikwad, Achla D.

2013-01-01

60

Burnout, depression and suicidal ideation in dental students  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence, gender influence, and relationships between burnout, depression and suicidal ideation within the last year among second, fourth and fifth-year dental students. Study Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 dental students enrolled in the second, fourth and fifth years at the School of Dentistry of Seville using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and the MBI-Human Services Survey, the “Patient Health Questionnaire-2”, and the “Questions about Suicidal Ideation and Attempted Suicide”. Results: The response rate among dental students was 80%. Burnout prevalence in dental students was higher in second and fourth years than in fifth year (p= 0.059 and p= 0.003, respectively). Depression prevalence in the fourth year approached significance (p= 0.051). Prevalence of suicidal ideation within the past year was higher, yet not reaching significance, in fourth year. No gender-related differences were found. A significant association was observed between burnout and depression, and between depression and suicidal ideation (p< 0.001), but no association was found between burnout and suicidal ideation. Conclusions: This study has brought our attention to the high prevalence of burnout and depression, and reported for the first time the prevalence of suicidal ideation among dental students in preclinical and clinical years. Key words:Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, dental students. PMID:24121916

Ríos-Santos, José V.; Polo, Juan; Rios-Carrasco, Blanca; Bullón, Pedro

2014-01-01

61

Drivers of Disparity: Differences in Socially Based Risk Factors of Self-Injurious and Suicidal Behaviors among Sexual Minority College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (ie, sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood. Objective: To test the association between socially based stressors (eg, victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and…

Blosnich, John; Bossarte, Robert

2012-01-01

62

Drinking among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a study on the ways in which alcohol is built into the social role and social life of college students. Provides direct support for the idea that the patterns of drinking alcoholic beverages are integral to social and structural aspects of college. (LKS)

Rabow, Jerome; Duncan-Schill, Marilyn

1995-01-01

63

MBTI and College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seeks to determine if differences exist in learning styles between developmental "at-risk" college students and college peer-tutors. Finds that through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), differences existed on the Judging-Perceiving scale. Discusses academic skills related to this scale along with suggestions peer-tutors can use during their…

Robertson, Jacqueline

1997-01-01

64

College Students with ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... support from medical and school professionals can help students with ADHD have a successful college experience, as well as a long career after graduation. For additional information, see the ADHD ...

65

Colleges and Student Healthcare  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... with Chronic Illness Health Facilities Transcript Are college health care systems prepared to treat kids with chronic medical ... medical history. Only about a quarter of campus health centers contacted ... to care for students with chronic medical conditions, “relatively few” ...

66

Health Care for College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Care for College Students Ages & Stages Listen Health Care for College Students Article Body I'll be ... student health service before starting an exercise program. Health care on campus If you are going to live ...

67

College Students and Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this paper examined the computer competencies of 193 undergraduate students at East Carolina University (North Carolina). A 10-item questionnaire inquired about previous computer courses in both high school and college. About 50 percent of the students had taken a computer course or had worked with computers at home or on the…

Brown, Bob; Kester, Diane

68

College Transition Programs for Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past four decades the number of students enrolling in colleges and universities requiring at least one pre-college level course has been about one-third of all students. Underprepared students are as likely to complete their academic goals as their prepared counterparts if they are able to complete their remedial course work. This study…

Haugen, Douglas E.

2012-01-01

69

Student Suicide: Could You Be Held Liable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two legal theories inspire suicide-related lawsuits: tort claims of negligence and constitutional claims based on due process. A well-known case illustrates a middle-schooler's suicide and a district's negligence. Liability factors include duty, foreseeability, special relationship, danger creation, and immunity/contributory negligence. (MLH)

Taylor, Kelley R.

2001-01-01

70

Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... history of suicide. A personal history of attempted suicide is a risk factor too. Family violence. This includes being a victim of physical or sexual abuse. Unemployment. Research shows that suicide rates increase during times of wide unemployment, especially ...

71

College of Charleston Student Handbook  

E-print Network

College of Charleston Student Handbook 2013-2014 Tobacco Free Campus Policy Implementation Date, clean, and healthy environment for College of Charleston (hereafter, "College") employees, students property and prohibits smoking inside and at all designated smoke-free entranceways to College facilities

Kasman, Alex

72

Physical Illness, Psychiatric Illness, and the Acceptability of Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed whether attitudes toward suicide vary as function of type of illness that precipitates suicide. College students (N=455) responded to scenarios of suicide victim. Evaluations of suicide were most favorable when it occurred in response to terminal physical illness; less favorable in response to chronic, non-terminal physical illness; and…

Deluty, Robert H.

1989-01-01

73

Prevalence and predictors of suicidal behavior among Mongolian high school students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of suicidal behavior among Mongolian high school students. Females were more likely to have suicidal behavior than males. No close friends, feelings of loneliness, insomnia, self perception of underweight or overweight, carrying a weapon were significant predictors of students' suicidal behavior. Missing school without permission, being bullied and going hungry were also important risk factors of suicidal ideation. Families and Schools are important environments to prevent high students' suicide. Improving students' psychological well being, quality of relationship with people, and support resources are critical to prevent suicidal behavior. PMID:24282032

Altangerel, Uyanga; Liou, Jenn-Chang; Yeh, Pi-Ming

2014-04-01

74

Rethinking the Roles of Mentor and Mentee in the Context of Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student suicides and attempted suicides are on the rise globally, and the numbers continue to climb steeply in most Westernized countries. School personnel remain untrained and uninformed in the area of suicide; few teachers or administrators can accurately identify the characteristics of suicidal behavior and fewer still have any knowledge of…

Rishel, Teresa J.

2006-01-01

75

Physician Assisted Suicide: Knowledge and Views of Fifth-Year Medical Students in Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide and assisted suicide are not criminal acts in Germany. However, attempting suicide may create a legal duty for physicians to try to save a patient's life. This study presents data on medical students' legal knowledge and ethical views regarding physician assisted suicide (PAS). The majority of 85 respondents held PAS to be illegal. More…

Schildmann, Jan; Herrmann, Eva; Burchardi, Nicole; Schwantes, Ulrich; Vollmann, Jochen

2006-01-01

76

Vanishing Black College Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article asserts low graduation rates, a lack of information for those who do graduate, and a perceived hostile environment on some campuses cut the college matriculation rates of African American students, making them an endangered species on some campuses. It discusses the root causes and effects of the low population of African American…

Malveaux, Julianne

2005-01-01

77

of Hispanic College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is designed to examine the effects of reality television and alcohol-related beliefs and behaviors of Hispanic college students (N = 285). Reality television is a new form of media that is gaining popularity and provides increased exposure to glamorized alcohol use. There is a lack of research studies focused on the impact that reality…

Paredes, Valerie; Cantu, Vanessa C.; Graf, Noreen M.

2013-01-01

78

Student College Contract 1. Introduction  

E-print Network

Student College Contract 1. Introduction A matriculated student at Oxford University is a member College"). The two relationships are governed by separate, though interlinking, contracts. The purpose of this document is to identify the main terms of the contract which you will have with the College on acceptance

Henderson, Gideon

79

Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

Suicide is the tenth most common cause of death in the United States. People may consider suicide when they are hopeless and can't see ... event. People who have the highest risk of suicide are white men. But women and teens report ...

80

Suicidality among medical students – A practical guide for staff members in medical schools  

PubMed Central

Although suicidality in medical students is important, few studies dealt with this issue regarding German universities. Our aims were to describe the epidemiology as well as factors leading to suicidality in medical students. Furthermore we wanted to raise awareness for this topic among university employees and show options for handling suicidal crises in students. This manuscript especially aims to address university employees working in direct contact with students (such as student counselors or teachers). PMID:24282451

Rau, Thea; Plener, Paul; Kliemann, Andrea; Fegert, Jörg M.; Allroggen, Marc

2013-01-01

81

Suicidal ideation and behavior in youthful nonpsychiatric populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Administered the Suicidal Incidence Survey developed by the authors to a total of 352 music, psychology, engineering, and medical college students, and 128 Air Force basic trainees. Median age was 21 for students and 19 for military trainees. 18% of the Ss reported suicidal gestures or attempts, or serious suicidal ideation at some time in their lives, while 59% reported

Calista V. Leonard; Don E. Flinn

1972-01-01

82

College Student Depression: Counseling Billy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A substantial portion of the college student population experiences affective disorders. This case study presents the conceptualization, course of treatment, and outcomes for a male college student presenting for counseling with depression. A review of Adlerian, cognitive-behavioral, and Gestalt techniques is provided. (Contains 1 figure.)

Mobley, A. Keith

2008-01-01

83

Metabolic Syndrome Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An estimated 30% to 35% of U.S. college students are affected by overweight and obesity, placing them at a substantial risk for metabolic dysfunction. However, little monitoring for metabolic dysfunction seems to be occurring in college health facilities. This study reviewed data obtained in a university student health center to determine whether blood pressure, triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels,

Terri L. Keown; Christine B. Smith; Martina S. Harris

2009-01-01

84

Dating Violence among College Students: Key Issues for College Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a review of literature examining dating violence among college students. They describe 6 key issues related to dating violence among college students that affect college counselors' work. These key issues relate to the incidence and prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychological violence in college students' dating…

Murray, Christine E.; Kardatzke, Kerrie N.

2007-01-01

85

Experiences of Community College Student Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student governance is one way for students to become involved on college campuses. Student government allows participants to represent the needs of the student body and to voice their concerns to college administrators. In a qualitative study, five presidents of community college student government associations were interviewed. The student

Miles, Jennifer

2010-01-01

86

Screening College Students for Hypercholesterolemia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes one college's mandatory mass cholesterol screening for new students. Each year, over 30 beginning students with unknown hypercholesterolemia were detected. The program suggests that mass screening efficiently and economically identifies students who would benefit from cholesterol reduction, a modifiable risk in coronary artery disease.…

Faigel, Harris C.

1992-01-01

87

High school health teachers' perceived self-efficacy in identifying students at risk for suicide.  

PubMed

A national random sample of 228 high school health teachers completed a 45-item survey to examine their perceived self-efficacy regarding adolescent suicide. Most respondents were female, White, and held master's degrees. Most believed it was their role to recognize students at risk for suicide, believed that if they did recognize students at risk it would reduce the chances that the student would commit suicide, and believed that one of the most important things they could do would be to prevent a suicidal student from committing suicide. However, only 9% believed they could recognize a student at risk for suicide. High efficacy expectations scores were associated with working at a school that offered an inservice program on adolescent suicide, included teaching about suicide prevention in the curriculum, and had a crisis intervention team. This study suggests that teacher health education programs should spend more time on developing the skills necessary to identify students at risk. In addition, a comprehensive school suicide prevention program is strongly encouraged for all high schools. PMID:10363224

King, K A; Price, J H; Telljohann, S K; Wahl, J

1999-05-01

88

Suicide Attempts among Adolescent Mexican American Students Enrolled in Special Education Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among school-aged students between the ages of 15 and 19. There is an increasing frequency of suicide and other self-destructive behaviors among Mexican American youth and students in special education classrooms for emotional and behavioral disabilities. Recognizing Mexican American youth in special…

Medina, Catherine; Luna, Gaye

2006-01-01

89

THEORY WORKSHOP FOR PRE-COLLEGE STUDENTS  

E-print Network

, scales, basic chords, etc.), dictation skill practice, sight-singing, and music literature. This workshopTHEORY WORKSHOP FOR PRE-COLLEGE STUDENTS Aimed at preparing pre-college students for college music in music at the college level. Students who successfully complete this workshop can automatically register

90

Values of American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was a reexamination of the norms developed on American college students for the Polyphasic Values Inventory, and a longitudinal study of value change among students 10 years later. A change of values was detected. Greater institutional differences were noted in the original study. (Author/GK)

Kayne, Jon B.; Houston, Samuel R.

1981-01-01

91

Relationship Needs of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the attributes which college students use to describe a desired mate or relationship needs. The sample consisted of 108 students, of which 58 were females and 50 were males. The following independent variables were investigated: gender, age, relationship status, and family structure. The dependent…

Martin, Debra Faye

92

College Student Video Gaming and Parental Influence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video gaming is prevalent among college students, and researchers have documented negative consequences from some students' excessive video gaming, but the study of past and current parental influence on college student video gaming is limited. This study collected data from college students from several Midwestern U.S. universities using an…

Chue, Maechi

2011-01-01

93

Involvement in Intimate Partner Psychological Abuse and Suicide Proneness in College Women: Alcohol Related Problems as a Potential Mediator  

PubMed Central

This study examined the relations among involvement in intimate partner psychological abuse, alcohol-related problems, and suicide proneness as measured by the Life Attitudes Schedule – Short Form (LAS-SF) in college women (N = 709). Results revealed that, as expected, being involved in a psychologically abusive relationship was significantly and positively correlated with alcohol-related problems and alcohol-related problems were significantly and positively correlated with suicide proneness. Additionally, the intimate partner psychological abuse involvement-suicide proneness link was significantly mediated by alcohol-related problems. Implications are offered for the improved identification and treatment of young women at risk for suicidal and health-diminishing behaviors. PMID:20544000

Lamis, Dorian A.; Malone, Patrick S.; Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer

2010-01-01

94

Relationships between Suicidal Behavior and Personality Types.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined hypothesis that introversion in general and introverted-intuitive-feeling-perceiving type as measured by Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are related to suicidal ideation/behaviors. Data from 330 college students revealed 4 interactive suicidal behavior risk models: introverted-perceiving (females); introverted-sensing-feeling (males);…

Street, Sue; Kromrey, Jeffrey D.

1994-01-01

95

USF Campus Lifeline Preventing Suicide and Violence  

E-print Network

· Thoughts of death/suicide · Unexplained physical symptoms (e.g., headaches, digestive disorders, chronic are entering college with psychological problems, including depression. ·80% to 90% of people who commit suicide have a psychological disorder. ·Students, staff, and faculty who recognize warning signs can help

Galles, David

96

Problem and Pathological Gambling among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter examines problem and pathological gambling among college students and reports on prevalence rate, risk and protective factors, prevention and intervention, and recommendations for college student personnel and other university administrators.

Stinchfield, Randy; Hanson, William E.; Olson, Douglas H.

2006-01-01

97

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With headquarters in New York, the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP) was established in 1987 in order to create a coherent and combined effort to fund research that would assist in the prevention of suicide. During the past 17 years, the organization has created an extensive network of research grant programs, workshops for those seeking to form survivor support groups, and a suicide data bank. The AFSP website contains information on some of its outreach programs, such as the National Survivors of Suicide Day and also its service announcements. There is a great deal of pragmatic information here as well, including a FAQ section which provides answers to pressing questions such as "What is the biggest cause of suicide among college students?". The site is rounded out by a topically organized list of important online resources, such as statistics about suicide, clinical information, and prevention and screening materials.

98

Attempted Suicide and Associated Health Risk Behaviors among Native American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide represents the second-leading cause of death among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth aged 15-24 years. Data from the 2001 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used to examine the association between attempted suicide among high school students and unintentional injury and violence behaviors, sexual risk…

Shaughnessy, Lana; Doshi, Sonal R.; Jones, Sherry Everett

2004-01-01

99

The Early College Challenge: Navigating Disadvantaged Students' Transition to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful early college high schools (ECHSs) are formed through partnerships between high schools and colleges (usually community colleges). Think of it as preparation through acceleration. ECHSs enroll disadvantaged students who have not excelled with ordinary grade-level academic content and have them take college courses while still in high…

Rosenbaum, James E.; Becker, Kelly Iwanaga

2011-01-01

100

NUMBER: STAF 1.07 SECTION: Division of Student Affairs and Academic Support  

E-print Network

Suicide Attempts, Threats, or Gestures DATE: June 1, 1992 REVISED: May 6, 2010 Policy for: Columbia Campus _______________________________________________________________________________ I. Policy Suicide is known to be a leading cause of death for college and university students. In addition, suicide, attempted suicide, and suicidal gestures have a significant detrimental effect, not only

Almor, Amit

101

Two-Year College Students' Degree Aspirations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares the educational aspirations of college freshmen students in public and private two-year colleges around the nation. Surveying a sample of over 13,000 first-time, full-time students from a national database elicited the following results: about half of students at public and private two year colleges aspired to obtain the…

Laanan, Frankie Santos

102

Personality Preferences of College Student-Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College student-athletes face many unique role strains during their academic and athletic career, which may impact the way in which they understand themselves. This study was designed to explore whether college student-athletes have a different perceived personality preference than their non-athlete counterpart. Ninety-one college students took…

Reiter, Michael D.; Liput, Taylor; Nirmal, Rashmeen

2007-01-01

103

College Student Stress and Satisfaction with Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following study was performed to determine if general life satisfaction is negatively correlated with college student stress. We administered the satisfaction with life scale (Diener et al., 1985), college student stress scale (Feldt, 2008) and a brief demographics survey to a sample of college students at a regional southwestern university in…

Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio

2009-01-01

104

Successful Community College Transfer Students Speak Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The community college as the entranceway into the baccalaureate degree is becoming a prevalent choice for students. This study was a qualitative approach to understanding attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge acquisition by successful community college transfer students. University students who transferred from a community college and were making…

Ellis, Martha M.

2013-01-01

105

Mushroom Use by College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 1,507 college students to investigate the extent of hallucinogenic mushroom use and compared mushroom users to nonusers. Results showed that among the respondents who reported use of hallucinogenic drugs (17 percent), over 85 percent had used hallucinogenic (psilocybin) mushrooms and over half had used mushrooms but no other…

Thompson, John P.; And Others

1985-01-01

106

College Students and Their Cats  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-two Siamese and 32 mixed breed cats' personalities were rated by their respective college student owners and compared. Further, the owners' self rated personality traits were correlated with the pets'; significant Siamese and Mixed differences and correlations were obtained. These are the first data to examine breed of cat on a personality…

Weinstein, Lawrence; Alexander, Ralph

2010-01-01

107

Sexual Attitudes of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the sexual attitudes of college students at a western Kansas university. The independent variables employed were gender, family structure, family sex communication, age, and classification. The dependent variables were the following subscales of sexual attitudes: permissiveness, sex practices, communion, and…

Etchison, Marilyn G.

108

Biculturalism among Indigenous College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Indigenous" college students in both Canada and the United States have the lowest rates of obtaining postsecondary degrees, and their postsecondary dropout rates are higher than for any other minority (Freeman & Fox, 2005; Mendelson, 2004; Reddy, 1993). There has been very little research done to uncover possible reasons for such low academic…

Miller, Colton D.

2011-01-01

109

Effects of Race and Precipitating Event on Suicide versus Nonsuicide Death Classification in a College Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Race group differences in suicide death classification in a sample of 109 Black and White university students were examined. Participants were randomly assigned to read three vignettes for which the vignette subjects' race (only) varied. The vignettes each described a circumstance (terminal illness, academic failure, or relationship difficulties)…

Walker, Rheeda L.; Flowers, Kelci C.

2011-01-01

110

Suicide Prevention in a Diverse Campus Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the college population in the United States rapidly diversifies, leaders of successful campus suicide prevention programs are recognizing the importance of targeting specific groups of students. Recent estimates from the National Center for Education Statistics indicated that in 2008 more than one-third (36.7 percent) of college students

Shadick, Richard; Akhter, Sarah

2013-01-01

111

Altering Attitudes toward Suicide in an Abnormal Psychology Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes a report stemming from the development and application of a Suicide Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ)--a 100 item attitudinal and factual instrument designed to cover a wide range of suicidal concerns. Subjects of the study were 17 college students drawn at random from 89 students enrolled in an abnormal psychology course. Results…

Domino, George

1980-01-01

112

A Proposal for Increasing Student Safety through Suicide Prevention in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A considerable amount of literature points to the criticality of implementing prevention and intervention strategies to address suicide in the context of schools. The authors address these elements along with a case study to increase student safety in schools.

Ward, Janice E.; Odegard, Melissa A.

2011-01-01

113

Life Ownership Orientation and Attitudes toward Abortion, Suicide, Doctor-Assisted Suicide, and Capital Punishment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined life ownership orientation (extent to which one believes that God, individual, or society has power over one's life) among 117 college students who completed Life Ownership Orientation Questionnaire (LOOQ). Found LOOQ scores demonstrated higher predictive validity with regard to attitudes toward abortion, suicide, doctor-assisted suicide,…

Ross, Lisa Thomson; Kaplan, Kalman J.

1994-01-01

114

Assessing Protection from Suicidal Risk: Psychometric Properties of the Suicide Resilience Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated psychometric properties of the Suicide Resilience Inventory-25 (SRI-25) in a diverse sample of 239 college students. Participants completed the SRI-25, Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Confirmatory factor analysis supported…

Rutter, Philip A.; Freedenthal, Stacey; Osman, Augustine

2008-01-01

115

College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

116

Financial Literacy among Israeli College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, responses of 574 students from two colleges in Israel were used to examine three issues: (a) financial literacy (FL) among Israeli college students, (b) gaps in FL between Jews and Arabs, and (c) factors affecting students' FL. The results showed that Israeli students exhibit a low level of FL and that FL is affected by gender,…

Shahrabani, Shosh

2013-01-01

117

College Life through the Eyes of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The struggles and achievements of today's college students are thrown into stark relief in this fascinating account of how such students make meaning of their lives. Author Mary Grigsby uses the voices of students themselves to discuss how they view, adjust to, and participate in the college student culture of a large midwestern university and to…

Grigsby, Mary

2009-01-01

118

Community College Programs for Underprepared Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brief one-page descriptions are provided of efforts being made at member colleges of the League for Innovation in the Community College to bring underprepared students into the higher education mainstream. The 75 descriptions are organized into six sections: (1) Pre-College Skills, including programs such as Cuyahoga Community College's (Ohio)…

Scott, David C., Ed.

119

International Students at Community Colleges. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest focuses on issues surrounding international students in American community colleges. According to a survey conducted in 1996 by the American Association of Community Colleges, 80% of community colleges indicated having international students on campus, and this enrollment is increasing. The Chronicle of Higher Education states that…

Lamkin, Anne

120

Predicting Achievement in Community College Science Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to formulate a predictive equation to identify community college biology students (N=420) who most probably would not succeed in science courses. A College Biology Student Survey (developed for the study), Nelson Denny Reading Test (Form-F), College Guidance Placement (CGP) Arithmetic Test, and An Inventory of Piaget's…

Dettloff, Janet May

121

Interaction Between College Effects and Students' Aptitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of college environments on student achievement on three GRE area achievement tests, when the initial ability of students was controlled were studied. A wide variety of environmental measures for 95 colleges were included. The method computed within-school regression lines, then colleges were clustered on regression lines, using a…

Rock, Donald A.; And Others

122

Between-College Effects on Students Reconsidered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the research on the effects of college on students that examines the influences of institutional characteristics--what Pascarella and Terenzini ("How college affects students: Findings and insights from twenty years of research". San Francisco: Jossey-Bass 1991) called "between-college" effects--indicate that the descriptors typically used…

Ro, Hyun Kyoung; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Yin, Alexander C.

2013-01-01

123

College of Natural Science Student Advisory Council  

E-print Network

-granting program in the College of Natural Science. Section III.a: Voting Members Each voting member shall have one1 College of Natural Science Student Advisory Council CONSTITUTION Article I: Name The name of this organization will be The College of Natural Science Student Advisory Council of Michigan State University

124

Success in Algebra among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College algebra is a required course for most majors, but is viewed by many as a gatekeeper course for degree completion by students. With almost half a million students taking college algebra each year, faculty are experimenting with new course lengths of time that might result in higher success, completion, and retention rates for college

Reyes, Czarina

2010-01-01

125

Money Management Knowledge of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of college students' money management knowledge examined student understanding of credit cards, insurance, personal loans, recordkeeping, and overall financial management. Student characteristics associated with differences in knowledge level were identifed. (MSE)

Danes, Sharon M.; Hira, Tahira K.

1987-01-01

126

The Association Between Supportive High School Environments and Depressive Symptoms and Suicidality Among Sexual Minority Students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine if sexual minority students in supportive school environments experienced fewer depressive symptoms and lower rates of suicide ideation, plans and attempts ("suicidality") than sexual minority students in less supportive school environments. In 2007, a nationally representative sample (N = 9,056) of students from 96 high schools in New Zealand used Internet tablets to complete a health and well-being survey that included questions on sexual attractions, depressive symptoms, and suicidality. Students reported their experience of supportive environments at school and gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) bullying, and these items were aggregated to the school level. Teachers (n = 2,901) from participating schools completed questionnaires on aspects of school climate, which included how supportive their schools were toward sexual minority students. Multilevel models were used to estimate school effects on depressive symptoms and suicidality controlling for background characteristics of students. Sexual minority students were more likely to report higher levels of depressive symptoms and suicidality than their opposite-sex attracted peers (p < .001). Teacher reports of more supportive school environments for GLBT students were associated with fewer depressive symptoms among male sexual minority students (p = .006) but not for female sexual minority students (p = .09). Likewise in schools where students reported a more supportive school environment, male sexual minority students reported fewer depressive symptoms (p = .006) and less suicidality (p < .001) than in schools where students reported less favorable school climates. These results suggest that schools play an important role in providing safe and supportive environments for male sexual minority students. PMID:25469988

Denny, Simon; Lucassen, Mathijs F G; Stuart, Jaimee; Fleming, Theresa; Bullen, Pat; Peiris-John, Roshini; Rossen, Fiona V; Utter, Jennifer

2014-12-01

127

Medical College of Wisconsin Office of Student Affairs  

E-print Network

........................................................................................................................20 RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES: THE MEDICAL STUDENT SUMMER RESEARCH PROGRAMMedical College of Wisconsin Medical Student Handbook Office of Student Affairs Last Updated: April.................................................................11 MEDICAL COLLEGE COMMITTEES

128

The Association between Deans of Students' Attitudes toward Suicide and Their Bases of Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the associations between attitudes toward suicide and bases of power in university administrators known as Deans of Students (DOS). The National Association for Student Personnel Administrators, the professional association of higher education administrators in student affairs, provided the survey population for this study.…

Majewski, Diane J.

2010-01-01

129

How Do Underage College Students Get Alcohol?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alcohol consumption and related problems are common among underage college students, yet qualitative, in-depth information on how/where these students obtain alcohol is limited. We conducted focus groups pertaining to access to alcohol and related issues with 19 underage college students. They reported that alcohol is easy to obtain from a variety…

Fabian, Lindsey E. A.; Toomey, Traci L.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Erickson, Darin J.

2008-01-01

130

Student Heterogeneity and Diversity at Catholic Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine structural diversity at Catholic colleges; more specifically, the variation in the student body diversity characteristics of a sample of freshman students matriculated at Catholic colleges. For the purpose of this article, diversity characteristics include background characteristics associated with student

Elliott, Diane Cardenas

2012-01-01

131

Student Marketing for Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AACRAO's new publication "Student Marketing for Colleges and Universities" is the single authoritative source interpreting basic and advanced marketing techniques within the context of student marketing. Four sections address marketing fundamentals in the higher education setting, strategic planning, consumer behavior of the college-bound student

Whiteside, Richard

2004-01-01

132

Foreign Students and U. S. Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature dealing with the role of two-year colleges in educating foreign students. Examines community college enrollment of foreign students since the 1960s and explores related concerns in the areas of admissions, student finances, language skills, advisement, and cultural differences. Recommends several institutional responses to these…

Diener, Thomas

1980-01-01

133

Social-Emotional Needs: A School-Based Approach to Preventing Suicide among Students with Gifts and Talents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a succinct primer on some of the basic constructs that adults need to know to help keep students with gifts and talents from completing suicide. It focuses on the school as the primary context to look out for potentially suicidal gifted students. This makes sense, as students spend a considerable amount of time in school,…

Cross, Tracy L.

2012-01-01

134

The College Syndrome: A Student Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interlaced with humor based on a parody of "The China Syndrome," this five-part handbook provides Prince George's Community College (PGCC) students with a summary of college policies, procedures, and orientation information. Part I presents a short history of the college and general information pertaining to its accreditation, board of trustees,…

Prince George's Community Coll., Largo, MD.

135

Psychological Factors in Community College Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored psychological factors in the context of a community college population purported to impact decisions to remain in college from one semester to another. Researchers examined results from 1191 responses from students attending a community college in the Mid-Atlantic United States. The study further explored the predictive power…

Luke, Chad; Redekop, Frederick; Burgin, Chris

2015-01-01

136

8 Things First-Year Students Fear about College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is this little secret college-bound and first-year college students outwardly deny: They are scared sick about going off to college. In the authors' interviews with 175 college students throughout the United States for "Survival Secrets of College Students" (Barron's, 2007) students talked--sometimes painfully--about what they wished they…

Shanley, Mary Kay; Johnston, Julia

2008-01-01

137

Web-Based Depression Screening and Psychiatric Consultation for College Students: A Feasibility and Acceptability Study  

PubMed Central

Background. A steady rise in the prevalence of depression among college students has negatively affected student quality of life. This study investigates the feasibility and acceptability of a Web-based model, including Skype, to screen and provide psychiatric consultation to depressed college students. Methods. Students completed the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) online; those who screened positive (PHQ-9???10) or endorsed any level of suicidal ideation were offered Web-based psychiatric consultation using Skype. After the consultation, students filled out a 7-item satisfaction questionnaire to report on the acceptability of this Web-based method. Results. A total of 972 students consented to the online depression screening and 285 screened positive. Of those, 69 students consented and 17 students successfully completed the psychiatric consultation via Skype. Thirteen (76.4%) students found the interview useful in helping them understand their depression. Fifteen (88.2%) students thought that psychologists and psychiatrists could successfully see patients via videoconferencing. Conclusions. Current online technologies can provide depression screening and psychiatric consultation to college students; those who participated reported a positive experience. Future studies will need to address the low levels of participation among college students and attract students who are underserved, as well as use a videoconferencing platform that adequately protects data confidentiality. PMID:24799895

Williams, Aya; LaRocca, Rachel; Chang, Trina; Trinh, Nhi-Ha; Fava, Maurizio

2014-01-01

138

Concerns of college students regarding business ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although some attention has been devoted to assessing the attitudes and concerns of businesspeople toward ethics, relatively little attention has focused on the attitudes and concerns of tomorrow's business leaders, today's college students. In this investigation a national sample was utilized to study college students' attitudes toward business ethics, with the results being analyzed by academic classification, academic major, and

Richard F. Beltramini; Robert A. Peterson; George Kozmetsky

1984-01-01

139

College Students' Understanding of Atmospheric Ozone Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that high school and college students have a lack of conceptual understanding of global warming, ozone, and the greenhouse effect. Most research in this area used survey methodologies and did not include concepts of atmospheric chemistry and ozone formation. This study investigates college students' understandings of atmospheric…

Howard, Kristen E.; Brown, Shane A.; Chung, Serena H.; Jobson, B. Thomas; VanReken, Timothy M.

2013-01-01

140

American College Student Values: A Normative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 4 objectives of this study were (1) to conduct a normative study of values held by US college students, (2) to assess a wide range of value commitments of US college students as measured by an instrument validated by previous research, (3) to study the relationship between values and other relevant variables, and (4) to lay the basis for a…

Teglovic, Jr., Steve

141

Online Travel Planning and College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, spring break travel for college students has become a significant business for many tourism destinations. The purpose of the study was to investigate college students' online travel behavior in vacation planning through selected travel Websites. This exploratory study found that the respondents generally leaned toward satisfaction with their online travel planning experiences. Results of multinomial logistic

Billy Bai; Clark Hu; Jeffrey Elsworth; Cary Countryman

2005-01-01

142

The American College Student Cell Phone Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study of cell phone use among college students. This group is considered particularly important because college students tend to be among the first to try new technology, are the group most likely to innovate new ways of using existing technology, and are most vocal about what they need and/or want to see changed…

Emanuel, Richard C.

2013-01-01

143

College Students' Attitudes toward Their ADHD Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The attitudes of college students with and without ADHD toward peers with ADHD were examined. Method: A total of 196 college students (30 diagnosed with ADHD) anonymously completed four attitude measures. General analyses of attitudes toward peers with ADHD as well as comparisons between those with and without ADHD are made. Results:…

Chew, Brandi L.; Jensen, Scott A.; Rosen, Lee A.

2009-01-01

144

Perceptual Differences between Hippies and College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptual differences were investigated between 50 college students who were non-drug users and 50 hippies who used LSD. The major hypothesis predicted was that hippies would score differently from college students in a specific direction on each of the perceptual tasks. (Author)

Brothers, Robert; Gaines, Rosslyn

1973-01-01

145

Community College Students' Career and Educational Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the findings of a study examining the career and educational aspirations of white and nonwhite students at public two-year colleges. Reports that both groups of traditional-age students possess positive perceptions of community colleges and see the institutions as springboards to achieving their personal and career goals. (KS)

Laanan, Frankie Santos

2000-01-01

146

Student Reactions to College. Directions. Appendix C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the final questionnaire developed to ascertain Student Reactions to College from Junior College Students. The items in the questionnaire relate to the following: Sex, Age, Marital Status, Living Arrangements, Employment, Ethnic Group, When Classes Are Attended, Number of Credit Hours Enrolled, Previous Semesters or Quarters Completed at…

Warren, Jonathan R.; Roelfs, Pamela J.

147

Academic Dishonesty: Are Business Students Different from Other College Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors investigated academic dishonesty and how business students stand on the issue as compared with other college students. They found in their study that nonbusiness students are more likely to cheat than are business students. In general, students who are members of Greek social organizations, undergraduates, male, and…

Iyer, Rajesh; Eastman, Jacqueline K.

2006-01-01

148

Enhancing college students' understanding of lunar phases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Astronomy education researchers now know that college students do not enter the introductory astronomy classroom as blank slates, but rather these students enter the classroom with a pre-existing understanding of many introductory astronomy concepts, including lunar phases. Sometimes this understanding is scientifically correct, but often students' understanding is incomplete, inadequate or simply incorrect and cannot explain observed phenomenon. Unfortunately, students'

Rebecca Susan Lindell

2001-01-01

149

Fighting the Suicide Spirit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tribal colleges are at the forefront of a communitywide effort to combat suicide with culturally relevant methods. The Wiconi Ohitika project is one of several tribal college and mainstream university efforts to address the high rates of suicide among American Indians. According to the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the suicide

Pember, Mary Annette

2010-01-01

150

Student Success Reports: College of Alameda, Laney College, Merritt College, and Vista College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document analyzes the extent to which the four community colleges in the Peralta district (California) have been successful in terms of student outcomes. Student success is defined as the percentage of successful course completions as compared to unsuccessful course completions. This document looks at the period from the fall of 1993 through…

Peralta Community Coll. System, Oakland, CA.

151

Faculty and Student Views of College Student Smokers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventy-two nonsmoker and four smoker college faculty/staff members and 160 nonsmoker and 52 smoker college students from a small liberal arts college in a suburban area in the Northeast United States completed a 15-item survey concerning views of smoking. Participants were asked to rate "when you watch someone else smoke, how do they appear?" on…

Authier, Charlene; Hodges, Jilda; Srebro, Karen; Chambliss, Catherine

152

WHERE DO UNDERAGE COLLEGE STUDENTS GET ALCOHOL?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol consumption and related problems are common among underage college students, yet qualitative, in-depth information on how\\/where these students obtain alcohol is limited. We conducted focus groups pertaining to access to alcohol and related issues with 19 underage college students. They reported that alcohol is easy to obtain from a variety of sources, with friends\\/acquaintances who are of legal age

LINDSEY E. A. FABIAN; TRACI L. TOOMEY; KATHLEEN M. LENK; DARIN J. ERICKSON

2008-01-01

153

Student Leadership Development within Student Government at Snow College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the leadership development process of former student leaders at Snow College. More specifically, the study focused on understanding how, when, and where leadership development took place in their "lived experience" within the student government at Snow College (Van Manen, 1998). Examining the lived…

Wilson, Gordon Ned

2010-01-01

154

Community College Student Mental Health: A Comparative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores community college student mental health by comparing the responses of California community college and traditional university students on the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II). Using MANOVA, we compared community college and traditional university students, examining…

Katz, Daniel Seth; Davison, Karen

2014-01-01

155

Adaptive Characteristics and Suicidal Behavior: A Gender Comparison of Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in suicidal behavior and adaptive characteristics were examined in college students with a particular emphasis on gender differences. Participants consisted of 344 undergraduate students who were administered a revised version of the Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire (SBQ), the Expanded Reasons for Living Inventory (RFL), and a…

Ellis, Jon B.; Lamis, Dorian A.

2007-01-01

156

Bullying in College by Students and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored bullying in college by students and teachers. The reports of a sample of 1,025 undergraduates indicated that 24.7% had seen students bully other students occasionally and 2.8% very frequently, 5% had been bullied by students occasionally and 1.1% very frequently, 12.8% had seen teachers bully students occasionally and 1.9% very…

Chapell, Mark; Casey, Diane; De la Cruz, Carmen; Ferrell, Jennifer; Forman, Jennifer; Lipkin, Randi; Newsham, Megan; Sterling, Michael; Whittaker, Suzanne

2004-01-01

157

“Our College Is Changing”: Women's College Student Affairs Administrators and Transgender Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student affairs administrators at contemporary American women's colleges are charged with supporting the personal, intellectual, and relational growth of students. A small but vocal group of students who identify as transgender and who are living as male, genderqueer, or transitioning to live as male, have emerged as a visible subpopulation in highly selective women's colleges. In this qualitative, phenomenological study

Susan B. Marine

2011-01-01

158

Legal and Ethical Challenges in Counseling Suicidal Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a brief overview of some of the literature available to school counselors on the topics of ethnic and gender differences, methods, risk factors, precipitants of acts of self-harm, myths, and the profile of a potentially suicidal adolescent. Follows with a description of best practices for creating and implementing prevention, crisis…

Capuzzi, David

2002-01-01

159

Perceptions of police: an empirical study of Chinese college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to examine Chinese college students' perceptions of police. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using survey data collected from over 400 college students in two cities, the study empirically analyzes the global and specific perceptions of police among Chinese college students and factors that accounted for the variation in Chinese college students' evaluations of police. The study incorporates a

Yuning Wu; Ivan Y. Sun

2010-01-01

160

College Students' Perceptions of Campus Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to ascertain whether or not there are differences between college students in Alabama and Hawaii based on three questions: are students concerned about the present/future? What do students know about sustainability? Who is responsible for sustainability? Design/methodology/approach: Two approaches were used to…

Emanuel, Richard; Adams, J. N.

2011-01-01

161

African American College Students' Motivation in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Possible motivational factors related to the choice of college major and educational values were studied for 60 African American students. An interview guide was developed with open-ended questions designed to generate narrative about students' thoughts and perceptions of education. Students were asked why they chose their majors, what education…

Hwang, Young Suk; Echols, Celina; Wood, Ralph; Vrongistinos, Konstantinos

162

Profile of New Brunswick Community College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989, a profile was developed of the full-time students attending New Brunswick community colleges (NBCCs), using demographic data, and educational and labor force background information found in student records. Data for the profile were retrieved from the NBCC's Student Information System for the academic years 1985-86 through 1988-89,…

Brewer, Hope; Easterbrook-Nadeau, Pamela, Ed.

163

Community College Reading Students: Data and Demographics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at Mott Community College to assess the effectiveness of developmental courses in preparing students to meet prerequisite reading skill requirements. Files for all 362 students who took a reading course in fall 1988 provided the data for the study. Study findings included the following: (1) 85% of the students completed the…

Reinertson, Jacquelyn

164

Native Hawaiian Community College Students: What Happens?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a weighted database of approximately 3,000 students, this study involves the tracing of the postsecondary history of 2,516 students who identified as Native Hawaiian, graduated from high school between 1993 and 1995, and attended college. Virtually none of the students are 100% Hawaiian. Due to a long history of intermarriage, the Hawaiian…

Hagedorn, Linda Serra; Lester, Jaime; Moon, Hye Sun; Tibbetts, Katherine

2006-01-01

165

Success and Motivation among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research explores college students' explanations of their success and failure in challenging activities and how it relates to students' efficacy, value, and engagement. The results suggest most students hold one primary reason for success during the challenging activity, including grade/extrinsic, mastery/intrinsic,…

Schweinle, Amy; Helming, Luralyn M.

2011-01-01

166

Spoon River College Student Retention Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a student retention project conducted at Spoon River College (SRC), specific populations served by SRC were identified; strategies to increase retention of particular student populations were developed; students in need of assistance were identified; and a transfer graduate follow-up study and two cohort tracking studies involving all…

Gardner, Janet L.

167

A Public Secret: "Education for Quality" and Suicide among Chinese Elite University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on anthropological fieldwork undertaken at two elite universities in Beijing. It addresses the paradoxical situation of the many instances of suicide among Chinese elite university students in Beijing, which constitute a public secret. The pressure of education weighs heavily on the shoulders of China's only child in each…

Bregnbaek, Susanne

2011-01-01

168

Cigarette Use Among Young Adults: Comparisons Between 2Year College Students, 4Year College Students, and Those Not in College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine cigarette smoking among young adults based on education status. Participants: Community-based sample of 2,694 young adults in the United States Methods: The authors compared 3 groups—those not in college with no college degree, 2-year college students\\/graduates, 4-year college students\\/graduates—on various smoking measures: ever smoked, smoked in past month, smoked in past week, consider self a smoker, began

Kathleen Lenk; Peter Rode; Lindsey Fabian; Debra Bernat; Elizabeth Klein; Jean Forster

2012-01-01

169

Some Colleges Provide Success Coaches for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The road to a college degree is often littered with potholes of self-doubt, and sometimes those are deep enough to discourage even the most ambitious students. If the transition from high school to college were easy, the average six-year graduation rate at four-year institutions in the United States would probably be higher than 63 percent. To…

Farrell, Elizabeth F.

2007-01-01

170

Accommodation Strategies of College Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students with disabilities develop and utilize strategies to facilitate their learning experiences due to their unique academic needs. Using a semi-structured interview technique to collect data and a technique based in grounded theory to analyze this data, the purpose of this study was to discern the meaning of disclosure for college

Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Lechtenberger, DeAnn; Lan, William Y.

2010-01-01

171

Internet Guide for College-Bound Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the start of 1996, nearly three-quarters of the colleges in the United States were on the Internet. By 1999, all collegiate institutions are expected to be online. This book is designed to give students routes to World Wide Web sites that can help them choose a college, find out about financial aid and scholarships, exchange information with…

Hartman, Kenneth E.

172

Minor Hassles in Community College Student Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades, academic stress--the pressures, frustrations and hassles associated with all aspects of college life--has gained increased attention in the literature. In this grant-funded study, a group of 161 students at an urban Northeastern community college took a comprehensive survey. The survey included questions about their…

Ryan, Tracey E.

2009-01-01

173

Substance Use in College Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The college years represent a developmental transition during which the initiation and escalation of heavy drinking set the stage for lifelong difficulties with alcohol and other drugs. Evidence from studies of adolescents and young adults with ADHD suggests that college students with the disorder may be uniquely vulnerable to alcohol-…

Rooney, Mary; Chronis-Tuscano, Andrea; Yoon, Yesel

2012-01-01

174

Sources in College Student-Housing Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the journal literature in housing--how it evolved, how it exists today--and considers the potential of the Journal of College and University Student Housing as an important source of the professional literature. (Author)

Mines, Robert A.; And Others

1978-01-01

175

Radicalism and Alienation Among Black College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Possibly the major conclusion which could be drawn from this study is that for black college students attendance at a predominantly white university and political and racial alienation are directly related. (Author)

Braddock, Jomills Henry, II

1978-01-01

176

Associations between suicidal high school students' help-seeking and their attitudes and perceptions of social environment.  

PubMed

Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents, many of whom fail to disclose suicide concerns to adults who might help. This study examined patterns and predictors of help-seeking behavior among adolescents who seriously considered suicide in the past year. 2,737 students (50.9 % female, 46.9 % male; racial distribution 79.5 % Caucasian, 11.9 % Hispanic/Latino, and 3.6 % Black/African-American) from 12 high schools in rural/underserviced communities were surveyed to assess serious suicide ideation (SI) in the past year, disclosure of SI to adults and peers, attempts to get help, attitudes about help-seeking, perceptions of school engagement, and coping support. Help-seeking was defined as both disclosing SI to an adult and perceiving oneself as seeking help. The relationship between adolescents' help-seeking disclosure and (1) help-seeking attitudes and (2) perceptions of social resources was examined among suicidal help-seeking youth, suicidal non-help-seeking youth, and non-suicidal youth. Of the 381 (14 %) students reporting SI, only 23 % told an adult, 29 % sought adult help, and 15 % did both. Suicidal help-seekers were similar to non-suicidal peers on all measures of help-seeking attitudes and social environment perceptions. Positive attitudes about help-seeking from adults at school, perceptions that adults would respond to suicide concerns, willingness to overcome peer secrecy requests, and greater coping support and engagement with the school were associated with students' increased disclosure of SI and help-seeking. This study supports prevention strategies that change student norms, attitudes and social environments to promote help-seeking among adolescents with SI. Promising intervention targets include increasing students' perceptions of the availability and capability of adults to help them, and strengthening students' understanding of how existing resources can help them cope. PMID:22562217

Pisani, Anthony R; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen; Gunzler, Douglas; Petrova, Mariya; Goldston, David B; Tu, Xin; Wyman, Peter A

2012-10-01

177

Suicide Patterns and Association With Predictors Among Rhode Island Public High School Students: A Latent Class Analysis  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We analyzed Rhode Island's 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data to investigate suicide patterns and their association with suicide risk predictors among public high school students. Methods. We used latent class regression analysis of Rhode Island's 2007 YRBS data (from a random sample of 2210 public high school students) to model latent classes of suicide risk and identify predictors of latent class membership. Results. Four latent classes of suicide risk were modeled and predictors were associated with each: class 1 (emotionally healthy, 74%); class 2 (considered and planned suicide, 14%) was associated with being female, having low grades, being gay/lesbian/bisexual/unsure, feeling unsafe at school, having experienced forced sexual intercourse, and self-perceived overweight; class 3 (attempted suicide, 6%) was associated with speaking a language other than English at home, being gay/lesbian/bisexual/unsure, feeling unsafe at school, and forced sexual intercourse; and class 4 (planned and attempted suicide, 6%) was associated with the previously mentioned predictors and with being in 9th or 10th grade and currently smoking. Conclusions. A single model characterized and quantified 4 patterns of suicide risk among adolescents and identified predictors for 3 at-risk classes. Interventions for high-risk youths may help prevent adolescent suicides. PMID:20634452

Perry, Donald Kent; Hesser, Jana Earl

2010-01-01

178

College Student Notions of Computer Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two surveys of college students were conducted to study the students' perceptions and knowledge of computer science as a profession and as a career. Ignorance of the field was consistently observed in both samples. Students with an aptitude for computing tend to blame their high schools, media, and society for their lack of knowledge. These findings suggest that high school students need to be provided with a more balanced perspective on computing.

Ruslanov, Anatole D.; Yolevich, Andrew P.

2011-08-01

179

Recognizing and diagnosing ADHD in college students.  

PubMed

College students have greater independence, autonomy, and academic expectations than children and adolescents. Combined with the minimal structure and supervision provided on campus, the temptations and challenges of this transitional phase can exacerbate symptoms of undiagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and lead to poor academic performance, social difficulties and interpersonal conflicts, financial problems, and substance use. Recognition by college personnel and proper evaluation and consistent follow-up by clinicians can help college students with ADHD get the treatment that they need in order to thrive in an academic setting. PMID:22075106

Culpepper, Larry

2011-10-01

180

The College Transfer Student in America: The Forgotten Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide translates research into practical advice on attracting, retaining, and guiding transfer students. Various chapters address multiple strategies for orientation and advising; curricular issues involving transfer students; how to maximize the effectiveness of articulation agreements; preparing community college students for transfer;…

Jacobs, Bonita C., Ed.

2004-01-01

181

Student Expectations of College: Some Implications for Student Personnel Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on student expectations of an undergraduate college education. Indicates that the students were concerned primarily: 1) with developing personally; 2) with increasing decision-making skills and broadening experience; and 3) with exploring disciplines and their relationships to contemporary life. Recommends several ways for student

Karman, Thomas A.

1974-01-01

182

Guidelines for Lundquist College Student Clubs (Revised October 2013)  

E-print Network

1 Guidelines for Lundquist College Student Clubs (Revised October 2013) The Lundquist College Lundquist College undergraduate and graduate student clubs. Benefits of Lundquist College approval for student clubs 1. Club use of Lillis Business Complex for club meetings and activities 2. Club office space

183

An Assessment of Student Outcomes at Tribally Controlled Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mailed questionnaire was used to gather information about Montana's tribally controlled colleges and to determine: (1) what influenced students to attend the tribal colleges; (2) what their educational goals were; (3) whether the colleges assisted students in meeting goals; and (4) the degree of student satisfaction with college programs and…

Wright, Bobby

184

Student's Guide to the Two-Year College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for the student or prospective student at a 2-year college contains: (1) general information on junior colleges (accreditation, transfer of credits, staff qualifications, student body characteristics, admission standards, objectives of such colleges, costs at different types of college, registration, selection of program, class…

Richardson, Richard C., Jr.; Blocker, Clyde E.

185

Test of the depression distress amplification model in young adults with elevated risk of current suicidality.  

PubMed

Suicide is a leading cause of death among young adults and the rate of suicide has been increasing for decades. A depression distress amplification model posits that young adults with comorbid depression and anxiety have elevated suicide rates due to the intensification of their depressive symptoms by anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns. The current study tested the effects of anxiety sensitivity subfactors as well as the depression distress amplification model in a very large sample of college students with elevated suicide risk. Participants were 721 college students who were at elevated risk of suicidality (scored>0 on the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation). Consistent with prior work, anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns, but not physical or social concerns, were associated with suicidal ideation. Consistent with the depression distress amplification model, in individuals high in depression, anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns predicted elevated suicidal ideation but not among those with low depression. The results of this study corroborate the role of anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns and the depression distress amplification model in suicidal ideation among a large potentially high-risk group of college students. The depression distress amplification model suggests a specific mechanism, anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns, that may be responsible for increased suicide rates among those with comorbid anxiety and depression. PMID:25063018

Capron, Daniel W; Lamis, Dorian A; Schmidt, Norman B

2014-11-30

186

Supersizing: Portion Confusion among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The phrase "bigger is better" has become a common theme among Americans. The purpose of this study was to assess college students' portions and perception of recommended serving sizes of specific foods and beverages and to describe relationships of outcomes with body mass index and demographic variables. The findings indicated that students had a…

Sealey-Potts, Claudia; Alfaro, Veronica; Horine, Suzanne; Kallus, Kelli

2009-01-01

187

Fitness standards for male college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The endurance fitness of 135 American male college students was evaluated by the maximal aerobic power test (bicycle ergometer), and the Harvard step test. Comparison of results with those previously reported indicated that our sample was representative of students in a number of countries. The following endurance fitness standards were therefore constructed: Aerobic power — less than 2.4 l\\/min or

Edward L. Fox; Charles E. Billings; Robert L. Bartels; Robert Bason; Donald Mathews

1973-01-01

188

College Students' Attitudes regarding Infant Feeding Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the attitudes of college students toward various infant feeding practices using a questionnaire created by the authors on the basis of a review of the literature. Five hundred ten students enrolled at the University of Mississippi took part in the study. Findings indicated that respondents believed both high school and…

Bomba, Anne K.; Chang, Yunhee; Knight, Kathy B.; Tidwell, Diane K.; Wachter, Kathy; Endo, Seiji; West, Charles K.

2009-01-01

189

Objecting To Dissection: A College Student's Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a number of states, students from kindergarten through high school have won the right to refuse to dissect or kill animals and the right to substitute an alternative project. This booklet was designed to help college science students take an ethical stand by refusing to participate in dissection exercises. The booklet begins with an overview of…

National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

190

Student Mobility between Ontario's Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The movement of students between postsecondary institutions is becoming increasingly common and has created a need for greater emphasis on postsecondary education (PSE) pathways. This report outlines the available data on postsecondary student mobility within Ontario, with a focus on mobility between Ontario's colleges and universities. For…

Colleges Ontario, 2009

2009-01-01

191

College Football Players: The New Nontraditional Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus on the collegiate careers of student athletes continues to grow within the community of higher education. As the focus has been centered on academic performance, a growing concern is evolving for the overall experience student athletes obtain in a higher education setting. As the focus on college experience gains momentum, higher…

Godfrey, Michael Gary

2010-01-01

192

The Videogame and the College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' activities and personality characteristics associated with video game use were studied using existing theories about the effects of television as a framework. A three-part questionnare was given to 275 students enrolled in introductory communication classes at a large, midwestern university to gather data on: (1) the…

D'Alessio, Dave; And Others

193

College Students' Positivity toward Teen Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although teen pregnancy and parenthood are more visible in society than in the past, teen mothers are often stereotyped and stigmatized. The study examined positivity toward teen mothers among college students (N = 316) at a midwestern university. Although students responded positively to some items regarding teen mothers, other statements showed…

Eshbaugh, Elaine M.

2011-01-01

194

Qualitative Description of College Students' Dinner Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To discover how college students conduct dinner groups and perceptions of the benefits and difficulties of participation. Design: Qualitative study conducted with 7 focus groups. Setting and Participants: A university campus, with 36 students participating in dinner groups, defined as a group of 3 people or more cooking for one another…

Ball, Brita; Brown, Lora Beth

2012-01-01

195

Teaching Problem Solving to College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes steps of teaching problem solving to college students and provides examples in the context of a university course. The steps involve (1) identifying the types of problems and types of problem solving methods to be covered, (2) instructing the students in problem-recognition and problem solving methods, along with ways of…

Malouff, John M.

2011-01-01

196

Decision-Making Strategies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' decision making is often less than optimal and sometimes leads to negative consequences. The effectiveness of two strategies for improving student decision making--node-link mapping and social perspective taking (SPT)--are examined. Participants using SPT were significantly better able to evaluate decision options and develop…

Morey, Janis T.; Dansereau, Donald F.

2010-01-01

197

Training Responsible Drinking with College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a description of a program designed to teach responsible drinking practices in a college student population. The aim of this program is to prevent problem drinking or alocholism in students who report concern about their drinking behavior, and volunteer to participate in a treatment-prevention program aimed at controlling their…

Marlatt, G. Alan

198

Everyday Health Communication Experiences of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors examined college students' day-to-day health communication experiences. Participants: A convenience sample of 109 midwestern university students participated in the study. Methods: The participants completed health communication diaries for 2 weeks, generating 2,185 records. Frequent health topics included nutrition and…

Baxter, Leslie; Egbert, Nichole; Ho, Evelyn

2008-01-01

199

Interpersonal guilt in college student pathological gamblers  

PubMed Central

Background Interpersonal guilt is associated with psychopathology, but its relationship to pathological gambling has not been studied. Objectives This study examined the relationship between interpersonal guilt and pathological gambling. Methods In total, 1,979 college students completed a questionnaire containing the South Oaks Gambling Screen, Interpersonal Guilt Questionnaire, and questions about substance use. Students identified as pathological gamblers (n = 145) were matched to non-problem gamblers with respect to demographics and substance use. Results Pathological gamblers had significantly higher interpersonal guilt than their non-problem gambling peers. Conclusions and Scientific Significance Pathological gambling college students have excessive interpersonal guilt, and these findings may lead to novel treatment approaches. PMID:22746179

Locke, Geoffrey W.; Shilkret, Robert; Everett, Joyce E.; Petry, Nancy M.

2013-01-01

200

Supporting Trinity College Students with  

E-print Network

(T2E) This booklet provides students with information on disability-related issues for students: Sophister Years (Years 3 & 4) Advice for students: Taught Postgraduates Advice for students ­ Research Postgraduates Advice for students on Placements Opportunities provided by placements Preparing

O'Mahony, Donal E.

201

Post-College Career Plans of Entering College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Answers on questionnaires returned by students and parents attending orientation sessions held by Cornell University are discussed. Questions dealt with feelings about the purpose of a college education, the advisability of attending graduate school right after graduation, important factors in selecting one's first job, etc. (EAK)

Babcock, Robert J.

1974-01-01

202

The Open Door College: An Approach to Assessing Student Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study using the Student Reactions to College (SRC) questionnaire to investigate students' perceptions of General College of the University of Minnesota, comparing students by age, race, and socioeconomic status. The SRC contained 150 items in the areas of the instructional process, student goals, college administration, and…

Brothen, Thomas; Romano, John L.

1979-01-01

203

Types of college student-to-student learning: correlated interactions.  

PubMed

209 college men and 327 college women took a 20-item Likert survey to assess the types of education-related information students may learn from other students during their informal interactions. Students were very likely to ask other students low level questions such as which professors were good and which classes to take. They were less likely to ask other students about concepts discussed in class and how to solve problems generated in class. If students asked about test taking, these students were also likely to ask about study skills and writing skills for the class. Other research suggests these higher level help-seeking behaviors seem to be related to classroom mastery and achievement. PMID:15077774

Miley, William M; Gonsalves, Sonia V; Arcuri, Alan

2004-02-01

204

Emotion Regulation Difficulties, Youth-Adult Relationships, and Suicide Attempts Among High School Students in Underserved Communities  

PubMed Central

To develop and refine interventions to prevent youth suicide, knowledge is needed about specific processes that reduce risk at a population level. Using a cross-sectional design, the present study tested hypotheses regarding associations between self-reported suicide attempts, emotion regulation difficulties, and positive youth-adult relationships among 7,978 high-school students (48.6% male, 49.9% female) in 30 high schools from predominantly rural, low-income communities. 683 students (8.6%) reported a past-year suicide attempt. Emotion regulation difficulties and a lack of trusted adults at home and school were associated with increased risk for making a past-year suicide attempt, above and beyond the effects of depressive symptoms and demographic factors. The association between emotion regulation difficulties and suicide attempts was modestly lower among students who perceived themselves as having higher levels of trusted adults in the family, consistent with a protective effect. Having a trusted adult in the community (outside of school and family) was associated with fewer suicide attempts in models that controlled only for demographic covariates, but not when taking symptoms of depression into account. These findings point to adolescent emotion regulation and relationships with trusted adults as complementary targets for suicide prevention that merit further intervention studies. Reaching these targets in a broad population of adolescents will require new delivery systems and “option rich” intervention designs. PMID:23666604

Pisani, Anthony R.; Wyman, Peter A.; Petrova, Mariya; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen; Goldston, David B.; Xia, Yinglin; Gould, Madelyn S.

2013-01-01

205

Student Services and Student Athletes in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From admissions to academic counseling, athletes will benefit from intense integration of support services and life-skills development programs to help balance the demands of their academic responsibilities and participation in athletics. Additionally, student support services at community colleges, even though attempting to assist students to…

Storch, Jason; Ohlson, Matthew

2009-01-01

206

Student Services Review: Grossmont College Disabled Student Programs and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided of the support services and special activities provided by Grossmont College's Disabled Student Programs and Services (DSPS). Following introductory material on the philosophy and objectives of the DSPS, the report describes the methods used to identify the instructional development and support needs of DSPS students during…

Lee, Mimi; Mueler, Toni

207

The Impact of Insomnia and Sleep Disturbances on Depression and Suicidality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has demonstrated an association between suicidality and sleep, suggesting that sleep disturbances may exacerbate mood dysregulation in participants suffering from mood disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of sleep disturbances and insomnia on depression and suicidality in a nontreatment seeking sample of college students. Results indicated that insomnia and nightmares were significant predictors

Kelly C. Cukrowicz; Ainhoa Otamendi; Jennifer V. Pinto; Rebecca A. Bernert; Barry Krakow

2006-01-01

208

Dispositional and Explanatory Style Optimism as Potential Moderators of the Relationship between Hopelessness and Suicidal Ideation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test the hypothesis that higher levels of optimism reduce the association between hopelessness and suicidal ideation, 284 college students completed self-report measures of optimism and Beck scales for hopelessness, suicidal ideation, and depression. A statistically significant interaction between hopelessness and one measure of optimism was…

Hirsch, Jameson K.; Conner, Kenneth R.

2006-01-01

209

Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviors of California Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore the sexual and reproductive health behaviors of students from 13 community college campuses in California. Participants: Heterosexual college students, ages 18 to 24, who have had sexual intercourse (N = 4,487). Methods: The American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA) survey was…

Trieu, Sang Leng; Bratton, Sally; Marshak, Helen Hopp

2011-01-01

210

First Generation College Student Leadership Potential: A Mixed Methods Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods research compared the leadership potential of traditionally aged first generation college students to that of college students whose parents are college educated. A college education provides advantages to those who can obtain it (Baum & Payea, 2004; Black Issues in Higher Education, 2005; Education and the Value of Knowledge,…

Hojan-Clark, Jane M.

2010-01-01

211

More High-Achieving Students Are Choosing Community Colleges First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certainly, "Tonight Show" host Jay Leno has nurtured the perception that community colleges are a punishment for underperforming high school students by joking that community colleges aren't "real colleges." This article shows that this perception belies the reality that contemporary community colleges serve students seeking trade skills but also…

Pluviose, David

2008-01-01

212

Rice University: Innovation to Increase Student College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"College readiness" means that a student can enter a college classroom without remediation and successfully complete entry-level college requirements (Conley, 2012). In order for students to be considered college ready, they must acquire skills, content knowledge, and behaviors before leaving high school. Research on high-school performance…

Gigliotti, Jennifer

2012-01-01

213

College Students and Alcohol Abuse: New Resources Can Help  

MedlinePLUS

... turn Javascript on. College Students and Alcohol Abuse: New Resources Can Help Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table ... to reducing drunk driving, NIH research is developing new intervention tools and techniques to help colleges, students, ...

214

Empowering identity reconstruction of indigenous college students through transformative learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the interplay between identity reconstruction of indigenous college students and the effects of transformative learning on their self-development and collective action. Seventeen indigenous college students were interviewed for this study. The findings showed that most indigenous college students developed stigmatized identity and low self-esteem before entering college. Participating in native student clubs and a non-formal tribal service

Peiying Chen

2011-01-01

215

Empowering identity reconstruction of indigenous college students through transformative learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the interplay between identity reconstruction of indigenous college students and the effects of transformative learning on their self-development and collective action. Seventeen indigenous college students were interviewed for this study. The findings showed that most indigenous college students developed stigmatized identity and low self-esteem before entering college. Participating in native student clubs and a non-formal tribal service

Peiying Chen

2012-01-01

216

Linguistic Minority Students Go to College: Preparation, Access, and Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, linguistic minority students--students who speak a language other than English at home--represent 21% of the entire K-12 student population and 11% of the college student population. Bringing together emerging scholarship on the growing number of college-bound linguistic minority students in the K-12 pipeline, this ground-breaking…

Kanno, Yasuko, Ed.; Harklau, Linda, Ed.

2012-01-01

217

An Exploration of the Psychosocial Aspects of Weight among College Students in the College Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to explore the psychosocial aspects of weight and the daily-lived experiences of college students within the college environment. Two research questions guided this qualitative research: (a) How, and in what ways, does perception of weight influence identity development among college students before and during college;…

Johnson, Jacqueline G.

2012-01-01

218

Marketing the Community College Starts with Understanding Students' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines variables taken into account by community college students in choosing a college, arguing that increased competition for students means that colleges must employ marketing strategies. Discusses the use of the selection factors as market segmentation tools. Identifies five principal market segments based on student classifications of…

Absher, Keith; Crawford, Gerald

1996-01-01

219

Patterns of Drug Use Among College Students. A Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initial data from a survey of drug usage among college students was presented. A large-scale effort was made to produce reliable figures on: (1) drug use patterns; (2) attitudes toward drug use; and (3) incidence of drug use among college students. Questionnaires were answered by 26,000 college students from the Denver-Boulder area, who were…

Mizner, George L.; And Others

220

Three Studies on Drinking Game Behavior among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of college students consume alcohol. Some college students consume heavily and these abusive patterns of alcohol use can be associated with substantial negative consequences. Drinking game participation has increased in popularity among college students and is associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and an increased…

Cameron, Jennifer Marie

2010-01-01

221

Path Models of Vocational Calling in Christian College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Christian college environment, students are encouraged to understand their vocational calling, yet quantitative research on how college students conceptualize calling is sparse. This correlational study extends the research literature significantly by empirically examining variables that affect sense of vocational calling in 270 college students as they near graduation. Relationships among demographic variables (gender, race, resident status, GPA, and

Sheri L. Phillips

2011-01-01

222

2-Year-College Students Rarely Use Advisers, Survey Shows  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For years administrators at J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College, in Richmond, Virginia, had a hunch that students were not taking full advantage of the college's advising services. Still, they were disappointed two years ago, when the Community College Survey of Student Engagement revealed that their students rarely used career services and…

Ashburn, Elyse

2006-01-01

223

Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, I draw on Bahr's ("Research in Higher Education" 51:724-749, 2010; New Directions for Institutional Research S1:33-48, 2011) behavioral typology of first-time community college students to examine college-level variation in students' patterns of use of 105 community colleges in California. I find that students' patterns of use vary…

Bahr, Peter Riley

2013-01-01

224

Colleges Scramble to Help Students Find New Lenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent turbulence in the student-loan business has colleges scrambling to find new loan providers. Financial-aid offices at affected colleges are working hard to get the word out to students. Changes in the loan market have hit community colleges particularly hard because their students tend to have smaller loans and higher default rates than…

Supiano, Beckie

2008-01-01

225

Using Narrative Career Counseling with the Underprepared College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of students enter college underprepared. These students do not have the academic skills to take college-level courses and are placed in remedial classes. Career counseling can help underprepared college students make educated career decisions based on their current situations. This article explores the characteristics of…

Hughes, Amber N.; Gibbons, Melinda M.; Mynatt, Blair

2013-01-01

226

Choosing a College: Student Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young adults applying to college these days are bombarded with information--from the institutions themselves, from well-meaning relatives and friends, from high-school counselors, from directories and news-media reports, and from a cottage industry that has spawned consultants, test-prep centers, and special Web sites. At the same time, they need…

Mooney, Carolyn

2007-01-01

227

Tuberculosis Prevention in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help college health services in all parts of the country improve their approach to latent tuberculosis, two Listservs were provided for them to post their questions on dealing with TB infection. In this article, the authors present some of the questions posted in the Listservs and their corresponding answers. In their answers, the authors have…

Lerman, Stephen J.; Bernardo, John; Daly, Jennifer S.; Husson, Robert

2004-01-01

228

College of Charleston Student Handbook  

E-print Network

in an alcohol risk reduction program and/or assessment at Counseling and Substance Abuse Services. Fees at Counseling and Substance Abuse Services or through an off-campus provider. Fees will be charged. Failure re-admission to the College dependent on successful completion of a pre- approved substance abuse

Kasman, Alex

229

Chemistry Student Handbook College of Science  

E-print Network

Chemistry Student Handbook College of Science React. Science #12;Contents 2 Welcome to the Department of Chemistry 2 Course Advice 3 What is Chemistry? 4 Career Profiles in Chemistry 5 An Undergraduate Degree in Chemistry 6 Chemistry Streams 13 Chemistry Honours Programme 14 Research

Hickman, Mark

230

Instructor Touch Enhanced College Students' Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Touch between people is associated with several outcomes, including reduced stress, more positive mood, enhanced feelings of closeness, and positive behavioral change. However, the potential utility of touch rarely has been examined in a college sample, with teachers touching their students. In the present study, we used instrumental touch…

Legg, Angela M.; Wilson, Janie H.

2013-01-01

231

Assessing Alcohol Problems in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol abuse among college students is prevalent, yet few instruments with sound reliability and validity are available to assess these problems in this population. As part of a large, baseline assessment battery for a prospective study of offspring of alcoholics, the 27-item Young Adult Alcohol Problems Screening Test (YAAPST) was given to 490 freshmen at a large mid western university;

Stephanie C. Hurlbut; Kenneth J. Sher

1992-01-01

232

Alcohol and Drug Abuse in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional experience has ragged behind patient experience in the area of substance and alcohol use. The purpose of this paper is to remedy that situation. Drug and alcohol use may or may not have reached a plateau for college students by the mid-1980s. Yet disorders related to drugs and alcohol will remain a problem for many in our society. It

T. M. Rivinus

1987-01-01

233

A New Generation of Russian College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the findings of a study examining the values, life stereotypes, and models of behavior of the so-called "next generation" of the Russian youth. The study was titled "From Secondary School Graduate to College Student to Graduate" and was carried out in seven higher educational institutions and two secondary specialized…

Lisauskene, M.

2006-01-01

234

Composition Basics for College Prep Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the English-placement examination essays of college freshmen who had passed the examination were compared with essays of students who had failed, it was found that the most-important differences between the two groups of essays occurred in the area of content development and organization rather than in spelling, grammar, or punctuation. A…

Bamberg, Betty

235

Female College Students' Perceptions of Organ Donation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current process of organ donation in the U.S. relies on the premise of altruism or voluntary consent. Yet, human organs available for donation and transplant do not meet current demands. The literature has suggested that college students, who represent a large group of potential healthy organ donors, often are not part of donor pools. Before…

Boland, Kathleen; Baker, Kerrie

2010-01-01

236

Functions of Marijuana Use in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis that specific functional factors of marijuana use would predict past 30-day marijuana use in 425 college students more precisely than demographic variables alone. This hypothesis was confirmed. Functional factors of personal/physical enhancement as well as activity enhancement were…

Bates, Julie K.; Accordino, Michael P.; Hewes, Robert L.

2010-01-01

237

Transfer of Elaborative Strategies in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of elaboration as a memory strategy has been researched for decades and has been shown to be effective for preschool through adult ages (Pressley, 1982). However, the literature examining elaborative strategy use among students in college is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the transfer of elaborative…

Aagaard, Lola; Conner, Timothy W., II; Skidmore, Ronald L.

2008-01-01

238

The College Student's Guide to Recycling,  

E-print Network

The College Student's Guide to Recycling, Reduction, and Reuse UNIVERSITY AT ALBANY Phone Albany, NY 12222 Top 7 Recycling and Reuse TipsTop 7 Recycling and Reuse Tips University at Albany Office of Environmental Sustainability 1. Set up separate bins for recyclable materials such as plastics and papers. 2

Kidd, William S. F.

239

College Students' Perception of AIDS Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated college students' (N=60) perceptions of victims of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) based on how the victim contracted the disease. Found in nondeterioration condition victims contracting AIDS via sexual encounters or illicit drug injection were perceived as less trustworthy, less moral, and less desirable as a prospective…

Bailey, Roger C.; And Others

1989-01-01

240

The Changing Health Interests of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents a summary of various major health interest studies conducted with college-level students during the period 1921-1977, and discusses the possibilities for using these results in curriculum planning in health education. Studies cited include: Nemir (1965), Oberteuffer (1927), Rooks (1935), Kitzinger (1950), Humphrey (1952),…

Sutherland, Mary S.

241

Obsessional Slowness in College Students: Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cases of obsessional slowness, a variant of obsessive compulsive disorder, have been documented in case literature regarding relatively low functioning populations. However, obsessional slowness can also present in higher functioning populations, including college and graduate students, as illustrated here by three case examples from a competitive…

Johnson, Aleta

2014-01-01

242

Reviewing Children's Books Enhances College Students' Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for college freshman composition classes, this guide describes a writing assignment for teaching students to write a formal review of a favorite children's book. The book analysis worksheet serves as a springboard for questions and a vehicle for teaching persuasive discourse, the business of publishing, the organization of libraries, the…

Meyer, Margaret Dietz

243

Condom Use among Latino College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reports indicate that Latinos, the largest racial/ethnic minority group in the United States, are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. College health professionals, therefore, should understand current sexual behaviors and risk factors among Latino youth. The authors assessed students' condom use at their most recent sexual…

Gurman, Tilly; Borzekowski, Dina L.G.

2004-01-01

244

Some reactions toward death among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certain thoughts, attitudes, and behavior reactions toward death that were found among college students in two midwestern universities were analyzed. In general, the data indicated that sex differences are not sharply enough differentiated to be considered very significant. The great majority of the 825 subjects reported that they think of their own death very rarely or only occasionally. Some of

W. C. Middleton

1936-01-01

245

Perceived Parenting Styles on College Students' Optimism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived parenting styles and levels of optimism in undergraduate college students. Sixty-three participants were administered surveys measuring dispositional optimism and perceived parental Authoritative and Authoritarian styles. Multiple regression analysis revealed that both…

Baldwin, Debora R.; McIntyre, Anne; Hardaway, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

246

Community College Students Truly Live the Magic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about the Disney Theme Parks & Resorts College Program. The program attracts a variety of students each year from different backgrounds, major and career goals to the Walt Disney World Resort outside of Orlando, Florida, for a semester of living, learning and earning. The program has provided a foundation for thousands of…

Shook, Stephanie

2006-01-01

247

Rules & Regulations for Hunter College Students  

E-print Network

Rules & Regulations for Hunter College Students You and 92Y share a mutual responsibility to ensure/her guest, will be paid by the resident. II. CONDITIONS OF THE RESIDENCE 11. 92Y is a SMOKE-FREE FACILITY. Smoking is prohibited in all areas of the building, including Residence rooms. Failure to comply

Qiu, Weigang

248

The Behavioral Risks of Today's College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 10 to 15 years, the wide prevalence of various forms of negative behavior among young people in college has become one of the main causes of their deteriorating health. Traditionally classified among such forms are the excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, and narcotics abuse. Issues relating to the protection of students' health…

Ivakhnenko, G. A.

2012-01-01

249

Conceptual and Motoric Impulsivity in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-three college students of both sexes were given the adult version of Kagan's Matching Familiar Figures Test; tests requiring them to draw a line and a circle slowly vs. rapidly; and a motor inhibition task in which they were instructed to press a telegraph key in response to tones presented in the presence of only particular light displays. Ss also

Andrew R. Gilpin; William Larsen

1981-01-01

250

Transitions: Combat Veterans as College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of war makes those who fight a special group within the general population. The purpose of this study was to investigate how combat veterans who become college students make the transition to campus life, in order to identify how administrators can acknowledge and support them. A total of six women and 19 men were interviewed; 24…

Ackerman, Robert; DiRamio, David; Garza Mitchell, Regina L.

2009-01-01

251

Student Activism in Junior Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first article in this review examines research on student rights, administrator and faculty attitudes, and administrative remedies. The next analyzes student unrest and protest activities in terms of cause and degree, extent of government involvement, and institutional characteristics. The third article considers new and revised legislation,…

Gaddy, Dale; And Others

1970-01-01

252

Meaning made of stress among veterans transitioning to college: examining unique associations with suicide risk and life-threatening behavior.  

PubMed

Meaning made of stress has been shown to be a unique predictor of mental and physical health. In this study, we examined the unique associations between two facets of meaning made of stress (comprehensibility and footing in the world) and suicide risk and life-threatening behavior among military veterans who have transitioned to college were examined, controlling for demographic factors, religiousness, combat-related physical injury, combat exposure, depressive symptoms, and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Findings suggest that comprehensibility (having “made sense” of a stressor) is uniquely associated with lower suicide risk and a lower likelihood of driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol and engaging in self-mutilating behaviors. PMID:24851258

Holland, Jason M; Malott, Jesse; Currier, Joseph M

2014-04-01

253

Protective Effects of Parent-College Student Communication during the First Semester of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Recent studies suggest that parents maintain influence as their adolescents transition into college. Advances in communication technology make frequent communication between parents and college students easy and affordable. This study examines the protective effect of parent-college student communication on student drinking behaviors,…

Small, Meg L.; Morgan, Nicole; Abar, Caitlin; Maggs, Jennifer L.

2011-01-01

254

Enhancing College Students' Understanding of Lunar Phases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Astronomy education researchers now know that college students do not enter the introductory astronomy classroom as blank slates, but rather with a pre-existing understanding of many introductory astronomy concepts, including lunar phases. Sometimes this understanding is scientifically correct, but often students' understanding is incomplete, inadequate or simply incorrect and cannot explain observed phenomenon. Unfortunately, students' pre-existing understandings are often deeply rooted, and many students leave the classroom without a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases. The purpose of this research study was to design instruction that enhances college students' understanding of lunar phases. This multi-phase study utilized qualitative and quantitative research methods to fulfill this purpose by identifying students' prior understanding of lunar phases, developing the Lunar Phases Concept Inventory (LPCI) to measure conceptual change, designing and evaluating an in-class group activity designed to teach the concept of lunar phases. Using a qualitative phenomenology, fourteen college students' conceptual understanding of lunar phases was uncovered and organized into a conceptual framework with eight dimensions of student understanding, each with alternative facets. Based upon this conceptual framework, the LPCI was developed. This instrument consists of fourteen multiple-choice items designed to assess student understanding of lunar phases. Based on a modified Karplus Learning Cycle, an in-class group activity was developed to teach the concept of lunar phases. During the fall of 1999, this activity was implemented at a midwestern university as part of a restructured astronomy course during two fifty-minute class periods. Administered prior to and after instruction, the LPCI shows the instruction was effective. A statistical analysis of the results shows that the instruction produced an effect size of 2.99 and a normalized gain of 0.63.

Lindell, Rebecca S.

2013-05-28

255

Depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation among Vietnamese secondary school students and proposed solutions: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background There is a rapidly growing public awareness of mental health problems among Vietnamese secondary school students. This study aims to determine the prevalence of anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation, to identify related risk factors, and to explore students’ own proposals for improving their mental health. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1161 secondary students in Can Tho City, Vietnam during September through December, 2011. A structured questionnaire was used to assess anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and proposed solutions. Depression was measured using the Center for Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale. Results The prevalence estimates of symptoms reaching a threshold comparable to a diagnosis of anxiety and depression were 22.8% and 41.1%, respectively. Suicide had been seriously considered by 26.3% of the students, while 12.9% had made a suicide plan and 3.8% had attempted suicide. Major risk factors related to anxiety and depression were physical or emotional abuse by the family, and high educational stress. As proposed solutions, nearly 80% of students suggested that the academic workload should be reduced and that confidential counselors should be appointed at schools. About half the students stated that the attitudes of their parents and teachers needed to change. A significant majority said that they would visit a website that provided mental health support for students. Conclusions Anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation are common among Vietnamese secondary school students. There are strong associations with physical and emotional abuse in the family and high educational stress. Academic curricula and attitudes of parents and teachers need to be changed from a punitive to a more supportive approach to reduce the risk of poor mental health. An internet-based mental health intervention could be a feasible and effective first step to improve students’ mental health. PMID:24341792

2013-01-01

256

Rape myths among Appalachian college students.  

PubMed

Rape myths regularly admonish victims for supposedly provoking the violence done against them. While rape attitudes have been studied in national and urban samples, the support of rape myths in rural populations is seldom investigated. Furthermore, the few empirical studies on sexual coercion in Appalachia are mostly descriptive and rarely compare the sentiments of Appalachians and non-Appalachians. To address this gap, this study surveyed 512 college students at a public university in Eastern Kentucky. In testing an Appalachian distinctiveness question, this study revealed that Appalachian students were less likely to criticize rape victims. Students were also less inclined to condemn rape victims when they were victims themselves, came from egalitarian families, stayed in college longer, rejected modem sexism, and felt little animosity toward women. PMID:18624101

Haywood, Holly; Swank, Eric

2008-01-01

257

College versus the real world: student perceptions and implications for understanding heavy drinking among college students.  

PubMed

College student heavy drinking is a persistent problem despite widespread initiatives. Using focus group methodology, this study examined student perceptions of factors that promote and limit drinking during and after college. The goal was to better understand factors that reduce drinking post-college to develop strategies to moderate college drinking. Twelve groups (N=75) were conducted with undergraduates at a northeastern Catholic college. Most participants drank; the majority exceeded a clinical indicator of problematic drinking. Transcript analysis identified themes that were coded with high reliability. Drinking in college was perceived to enhance socialization, bonding, and disinhibition. College, characterized by a high level of freedom and low level of responsibility, was seen as time-out from the "real world". In that context, heavy drinking was permissible. Students expected their future lifestyle to be burdensome and tedious; nostalgia for the good times associated with heavy drinking was anticipated. They imagined post-college drinking to be a threat to career and family and therefore irresponsible. Implications for intervention development and future research are described. PMID:18774233

Colby, Suzanne M; Colby, John J; Raymond, George A

2009-01-01

258

Concerns of college students regarding business ethics: A replication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1984 we reported the results of surveying a nationwide sample of college students about selected business ethics issues. We concluded that (a) college students were in general concerned about the issues investigated and (b) female students were relatively more concerned than were male students. The present study replicated our earlier study and not only corroborated both of its conclusions,

Robert A. Peterson; Richard F. Beltramini; George Kozmetsky

1991-01-01

259

Psychosocial Correlates of Recreational Ecstasy Use among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' ecstasy (MDMA) use increased significantly in recent years, yet little is known about these students. In this study, the authors used the Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Studies (CORE) survey to compare 29 college students who had used ecstasy and other illicit drugs with 90 students who had used marijuana and no other illicit…

Sim, Tiffanie; Jordan-Green, Lisa; Lee, Jieun; Wolfman, Jade; Jahangiri, Ava

2005-01-01

260

Students and Stakeholders: How College Presidents Publically Portray the Urban College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the descriptions college presidents use and the stories they tell about the students in their institutions when communicating with certain influential stakeholders, such as trustees, alumni, and funders. The researcher examined themes and patterns in the portrayal of students through these stories to see if…

Epstein, Suzanne

2012-01-01

261

Boston College Graduate Student Symposium  

E-print Network

:15 am ­ 10:30 am Break ­ Coffee, bathroom, etc. 10:30 am ­ 10:55 am Student Presentation 4 ­ Jia Zhuang to Formic Acid" ~ Jessica Drake #12;"Redox Controlled Polymerization of Lactide Catalyzed by Bis Proteomes" ~ Shalise Couvertier Gao Group "Covalent Targeting of Bacterial Lipids with Polyboronic Acids

Huang, Jianyu

262

Enhancing college students' understanding of lunar phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomy education researchers now know that college students do not enter the introductory astronomy classroom as blank slates, but rather these students enter the classroom with a pre-existing understanding of many introductory astronomy concepts, including lunar phases. Sometimes this understanding is scientifically correct, but often students' understanding is incomplete, inadequate or simply incorrect and cannot explain observed phenomenon. Unfortunately, students' pre- existing understandings are often deeply rooted, and many students leave the classroom without a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases. The question now arises, how do instructors develop successful instruction so that students leave the classroom with a scientifically correct understanding of lunar phases? The purpose of this research study was therefore to design instruction that enhances college students' understanding of lunar phases. This multi-phase study utilized both qualitative and quantitative research methods to fulfill this purpose by identifying students' prior understanding of lunar phases, developing the Lunar Phases Concept Inventory (LPCI) to measure conceptual change, designing and evaluating an in-class group activity designed to teach the concept of lunar phases. Using a qualitative phenomenology, fourteen college students' conceptual understanding of lunar phases was uncovered. This conceptual understanding was organized into a conceptual framework with eight separate dimensions of student understanding, each with alternative facets of student understanding. Based upon this conceptual framework, the LPCI was developed. This instrument consists of fourteen multiple-choice items designed to assess student understanding of lunar phases. Based on a modified Karplus Learning Cycle, an in-class group activity was developed to teach the concept of lunar phases. During the fall semester of 1999, this activity was implemented at a midwestern university as part of a restructured astronomy course. This activity took only two fifty-minute class periods. Administered prior to and after instruction, the LPCI shows that the instruction was indeed effective. A statistical analysis of the results shows that the instruction produced an effect size of 2.99 and a normalized gain of 0.63.

Lindell, Rebecca Susan

263

Suicide Clusters and Contagion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth suicide is one of the most serious preventable health problems in the United States. It is the third leading cause of death among adolescents. According to a recent national survey of students in grades 9-12, nearly 15% of respondents had seriously considered suicide and 7% actually had attempted suicide in the previous 12 months. Moreover,…

Zenere, Frank J.

2009-01-01

264

Parents of Traditionally Aged Community College Students: Communications and Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five suburban community colleges in a metropolitan area collaborated on a survey to parents of high school graduates of the class of 2002 who attended the colleges in fall 2002. The study was undertaken to learn more about parents‘ roles in their students’ selection of community colleges, to give insights and information about this important community college constituency, and to

Trudy Bers

2005-01-01

265

COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 2011-2013 STUDENT HANDBOOK  

E-print Network

1 COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 2011-2013 STUDENT HANDBOOK INTRODUCTION College of Pharmacy Mission Our Mission--The College of Pharmacy inspires and educates current and future pharmacists and scientists of Minnesota and the world. Our Vision--The College of Pharmacy will be a world leader in outstanding pharmacy

Thomas, David D.

266

Ready or Not: Recognizing and Preparing College-Ready Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that many students entering postsecondary education are unprepared for college reading demands. This article highlights college reading readiness according to four essential reading skills. We illustrate these skills by featuring vignettes of high school seniors who are college-ready and not college-ready. Then we contextualize the…

Springer, Sheree E.; Wilson, Tonia J.; Dole, Janice A.

2015-01-01

267

Gender Differences in African American Students' Satisfaction with College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two hundred sixty-nine African American college students completed a modified version of Astin's Overall Satisfaction with College scale and Brown Scale of College Social Support, which was developed for this study. Findings indicate that the correlates and predictors of satisfaction with college vary as a function of both gender and dimension of…

Brown, Tamara L.

2000-01-01

268

The Two Year College Student: Activities and Careers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium report includes principal addresses and invited papers about the two year college student. Section A on career education in the community college includes: "Career Programs at Miami-Dade Junior College" by Peter Masiko, Jr.; "Community Colleges: Islands of Accomplishment or Oceans of Rhetoric" by Dale Parnell; and "Career Education…

Morgan, Don A., Ed.

269

Post Baccalaureate Reverse Transfer Implications for Community College Student Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that a sizeable number of students at the community college have attained a baccalaureate degree or higher and have returned to the community college to take credit courses. These post-baccalaureate reverse transfer students (PRTS) enroll in the community college for a variety of reasons, but one of the more common factors is…

Pope, Myron; Turner, Mary; Barker, John

270

Serving Students with Disabilities at the Community College. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest looks at two community college programs designed to aid students with disabilities in accessing the educational offerings of the college, as well as two programs that help students with disabilities attain jobs after their educational goals have been met. Longview Community College, in Lee's Summit, Missouri, offers the Academic…

Prentice, Mary

271

A Survey of the Occupational Interests of Junior College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop better occupational programs--especially paraprofessional--the college surveyed the interests of 421 students in the General College (Spring 1967). The students were asked to identify their occupational interests on entering college, their current interests, and to indicate whether these had changed or ramained constant. They were also…

Kingsley, G. Gordon; Bellezza, Francis S.

1968-01-01

272

COLLEGE OF PHARMACY AND NUTRITION GRADUATE STUDENT GUIDE  

E-print Network

#12;COLLEGE OF PHARMACY AND NUTRITION GRADUATE STUDENT GUIDE Graduate students at the University that are specific to the College of Pharmacy and Nutrition. Throughout the year, we will distribute information, and the most current copy will be available on our College website at http://www.usask.ca/pharmacy

Saskatchewan, University of

273

Outsourcing Student Housing in American Community Colleges: Problems and Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's community colleges are experiencing tremendous growth at a time when higher education is experiencing little success in the fierce battle for public funding. Administrators believe that providing housing on college campuses increases enrollment and improves access, but they are having difficulty meeting students' demands for both quantity and quality of student housing. Community college leaders are challenged to find

Gray Bekurs

2007-01-01

274

Cyberbullying among college students: prevalence and demographic differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participants were 439 college students who were asked how often they had experienced each of a series of bullying behaviors since they have been in college. Results indicated that 38% of college students knew someone who had been cyberbullied, 21.9% had been cyberbullied, and 8.6% had cyberbullying someone else. It was apparent that some forms of electronic media are more

Christine D. MacDonald; Bridget Roberts-Pittman

2010-01-01

275

The Role of Student Government in the Small Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In exploring the formal and informal role of student government in college organization and how that role differs in small community colleges, two different models for student government operation are reviewed: a power-driven organization that describes the status quo and a purpose-driven organization that illustrates options available to college

Lepchenske, George L.

276

Race, Social Support and College Student Retention: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At most colleges and universities, African American and Latino students are less likely than students from other racial and ethnic backgrounds to stay enrolled in college and are, therefore, less likely to earn a college degree. "The Digest of Educational Statistics" reports the following trends: in 2006 30% of Whites age 25 and older held a…

Baker, Christina N.; Robnett, Belinda

2012-01-01

277

Biofeedback and Counseling for Stress and Anxiety among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rise in stress and anxiety among college students, there is a need for more comprehensive and effective counseling options for counselors in college counseling centers. This study investigated the impact of using biofeedback and brief counseling in treating stress and anxiety in an ethnically diverse college student population. Results…

Ratanasiripong, Paul; Sverduk, Kevin; Prince, Judy; Hayashino, Diane

2012-01-01

278

A Career in College Unions and Student Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If you are looking for a rewarding career where you can have a positive impact on others, then a career in college unions and student activities may be right for you. The Association of College Unions International (ACUI) created this guide to provide you with a general overview of a career in college unions and student activities. It will…

Association of College Unions International (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

279

Religiosity, spirituality, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors among college students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine whether religiosity, spirituality, and sexual attitudes accounted for differences in sexual behaviors among college students. The sample included 960 college students enrolled at four northeastern colleges. Results indicated differences in sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality by gender. Moreover, sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality were associated with sexual behaviors among college students. Sexual behaviors among males were influenced by their sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality, while for females, their sexual behaviors were mostly influenced by their sexual attitudes. College health professionals can use these findings when discussing sexual practices with students. PMID:21822743

Luquis, Raffy R; Brelsford, Gina M; Rojas-Guyler, Liliana

2012-09-01

280

Boston College Graduate Student Symposium  

E-print Network

River Meeting Room 10:00 a.m. ­ 10:15 a.m. Coffee Break 10:15 a.m. ­ 11:15 a.m. Student Presentations) #12;8 #12;9 Exploring and Exploiting Polar- Interactions with Fluorinated Aromatic Amino Acids a substantial amount of work has focused on elucidating the effects of fluorinated aliphatic amino acids

Huang, Jianyu

281

Communication courseware for college students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a multimedia courseware for the study of communication concepts, systems and related topics. The courseware is based upon graphical objects and temporal simulation. The main pedagogical aims of the courseware are the following: (1) Enhance the students understanding of telecommunication concepts, such as attenuation, noise, modulation, time-frequency domains, filtering, cross talk, etc. (2) Provide the student with a computerized telecommunication lab environment, where he/she can construct systems and conduct a variety of experiments on various levels and subjects. (3) Encourage problem-solving skills of the students - by providing them with a set of mini-projects, tasks and experiments. The main features of the courseware are the following: (1) User interface - a system is constructed from a set of “building blocks”, using a simple (drag & click type) mechanism. (2) Simulation environment - the courseware includes many types of building blocks, four types of virtual measuring instruments and several types of input signals (waveforms, sound signals, etc.), all of which result in long interaction time. (3) Task-oriented learning approach - the instructor can add his own experiments and tasks, and can also define a task-oriented path for the user. (4) User help - didactic feedback is provided during the analysis and the synthesis stages. Help is provided in an audio-visual form (including an animated introductory demo).

Weissman, Z.; Yahel, R. Z.

1999-09-01

282

Suicide Prevention in Social Work Education: How Prepared Are Social Work Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence of suicide suggests social workers will encounter clients at risk for suicide, but research shows social workers receive little to no training on suicide and suicide prevention and feel unprepared to work effectively with clients at risk. Baseline results from a randomized intervention study of the Question, Persuade, and Refer…

Osteen, Philip J.; Jacobson, Jodi M.; Sharpe, Tanya L.

2014-01-01

283

College Students’ Descriptions of Everyday Gender Prejudice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined 104 undergraduate college students (mean age = 19) from the Western United States regarding gender differences\\u000a in their experiences of gender prejudice. Women (N?=?81) and men (N?=?22) responded to an online diary for 14 days, resulting in 1008 descriptions of events. Women reported significantly higher\\u000a levels of negative affect than men during the experiences. Qualitative content analysis was used to

Britney G. Brinkman; Kathryn M. Rickard

2009-01-01

284

Food Safety Tips for College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety Tips for College Students Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

285

Exercise caution: over-exercise is associated with suicidality among individuals with disordered eating.  

PubMed

We conducted four studies to examine the relationship between over-exercise and suicidality. Study 1 investigated whether over-exercise predicted suicidal behavior after controlling for other eating disorder behaviors in a patient sample of 204 women (144 with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) Bulimia Nervosa [BN]). Study 2 tested the prospective association between over-exercise and acquired capability for suicide (ACS) in a sample of 171 college students followed for 3-4 weeks. Study 3 investigated whether pain insensitivity accounted for the relationship between over-exercise and ACS in a new sample of 467 college students. Study 4 tested whether ACS accounted for the relationship between over-exercise and suicidal behavior in a sample of 512 college students. In Study 1, after controlling for key covariates, over-exercise was the only disordered eating variable that maintained a significant relationship with suicidal behavior. In Study 2, Time 1 over-exercise was the only disordered eating behavior that was associated with Time 2 ACS. In Study 3, pain insensitivity accounted for the relationship between over-exercise and ACS. In Study 4, ACS accounted for the relationship between over-exercise and suicidal behavior. Over-exercise appears to be associated with suicidal behavior, an association accounted for by pain insensitivity and the acquired capability for suicide; notably, this association was found across a series of four studies with different populations. PMID:23219104

Smith, April R; Fink, Erin L; Anestis, Michael D; Ribeiro, Jessica D; Gordon, Kathryn H; Davis, Heather; Keel, Pamela K; Bardone-Cone, Anna M; Peterson, Carol B; Klein, Marjorie H; Crow, Scott; Mitchell, James E; Crosby, Ross D; Wonderlich, Stephen A; le Grange, Daniel; Joiner, Thomas E

2013-04-30

286

Intimate partner violence: are perpetrators also victims and are they more likely to experience suicide ideation?  

PubMed

The current study examined the relations among several risk factors--hopelessness, depressive symptoms, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, alcohol-related problems, and intimate partner violence (victimization and perpetration)--and suicide ideation, as measured by the Modified Scale for Suicide Ideation, in college students (n = 994). In addition, the overlap between being a victim and perpetrator of various types of intimate partner violence was examined. Results indicated substantial overlap in the victim and perpetrator roles, up to 96.6% for negotiation. In the negative binomial regression analysis, reports of hopelessness, depressive symptoms, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and alcohol-related problems all significantly predicted suicide ideation in the expected direction. However, none of the revised Conflict Tactics Scale subscales predicted suicide ideation above and beyond the established risk factors. Implications are offered for the improved identification and treatment of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among college students. PMID:23697865

Lamis, Dorian A; Leenaars, Lindsey S; Jahn, Danielle R; Lester, David

2013-11-01

287

Vulnerability to Substance Abuse and the Risk of Suicide in Students of Region 12 of Islamic Azad University  

PubMed Central

Background: Substance abuse prevalence and the number of suicides among university students is less than public population; however the sensitivity of society regarding the occurrence of such damages among students puts special emphasis on appraising these variables. More than 30% of Iranian students study in Islamic Azad University. Objectives: The current research aimed to appraise the vulnerability of substance abuse and the risk of suicide in students of region 12 of Islamic Azad University. Patients and Methods: In the current study, 1053 students (606 boys and 447 girls) with the average age of 22.55 years were selected through stratified sampling from Karaj, Takestan, Qazvin and Qom branches of Islamic Azad University. In order to assess the variables, Mental Health Worksheet of Central Counseling Office of the Ministry Science, Research and Technology was utilized. Results: Average, standard deviation, minimum and maximum scores in substance abuse vulnerability of the students in region 12 were measured as 36.28, 14.68, 11.22 and 92.87; and the same for risk of suicide were 31.29, 15.61, 7.93 and 96.30, respectively. Students in Qom branch were significantly less vulnerable to substance abuse and less exposed to the risk of suicide than their peers in Karaj, Qazvin and Takestan branches. Conclusions: Less significant possibility of substance abuse and risk of suicide in students of Qom branch in comparison with other branches could be due to numerous variables particularly their religious attitudes. Nevertheless the average of these variables among the students of region 12 were higher than the reported scores of their peers in the state universities which reflects the serious need for precise assessments and providing preventive services and mental health interventions. PMID:25032157

Monirpoor, Nader; Khoosfi, Helen; Gholamy Zarch, Morteza; Tamaddonfard, Mohsen; Tabatabaei Mir, Seyed Farzad; Mohammad Alipour, Maryam; Karimi, Yasamin

2014-01-01

288

Influences That Affect First-Generation College Students' College Choice: A Qualitative Inquiry of Student Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College choice is the three-stage process of aspiring, searching and choosing to attend college. There are many models pertaining to college choice, however, this study uses the Hossler and Gallagher Model---aspiration, search and choice. This qualitative study explored first-generation college students' perceptions about the influences…

Cresswell-Yeager, Tiffany J.

2012-01-01

289

College Choice and Documented Chinese Immigrant Community College Students in Massachusetts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College-choice studies have long been conducted to help colleges improve their recruitment strategies (Chapman, 1981; Hossler & Gallagher, 1987; Jackson, 1982; Litten, 1982). The dominant college-choice models and studies have, however, focused solely on traditional aged students seeking to enroll in four-year colleges/universities upon high…

Luie, Siu Ming

2010-01-01

290

Latino Student Transition to College: Assessing Difficulties and Factors in Successful College Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of adjustment of Latino college freshmen and sophomores used data from a longitudinal survey and a questionnaire on student adaptation to college. Results show that dimensions of the campus climate and common transitional experiences affect all forms of student adjustment in the first year. Implications are found for further college

Hurtado, Sylvia; And Others

1996-01-01

291

Leadership Behaviour of College Students in Relation to Their Leisure Time Activities in College Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the Leadership behaviour of college students in relation to their Leisure time activities in college life. In this study, the researcher wants to see the contribution of leisure time activities in developing the qualities of leadership of college students. The main objective of the study was to find out the relationship…

Sethi, Priyanka

2009-01-01

292

Research and Teaching: How Do College Students Best Learn Science?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper is based on William Leonard's "How Do College Students Learn Science?" Chapter 1 in Effective Teaching and Course Management for University and College Science Teachers , edited by E. Siebert, M. Caprio, and C. Lyda. Dubuque, IA: Kendal

Leonard, William H.

2000-05-01

293

The Effects of Student Coaching in College: An Evaluation of a Randomized Experiment in Student Mentoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

College completion and college success often lag behind college attendance. One theory as to why students do not succeed in college is that they lack key information about how to be successful or fail to act on the information that they have. We present evidence from a randomized experiment which tests the effectiveness of individualized student coaching. Over the course

Eric Bettinger; Rachel Baker

2011-01-01

294

Curriculum Infusion as College Student Mental Health Promotion Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes efforts to increase faculty involvement in suicide prevention and mental health promotion via curriculum infusion. The participants were faculty, staff, and 659 students enrolled in classes of a large eastern university from Fall 2007-Spring 2011. Counselors, health educators, and medical providers recruited faculty from a…

Mitchell, Sharon L.; Darrow, Sherri A.; Haggerty, Melinda; Neill, Thomas; Carvalho, Amana; Uschold, Carissa

2012-01-01

295

Community College Faculty Development Program and Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community college administrators look for strategies to help students. GRASP (Gaining Retention and Achievement for Students Program) is a semester-long faculty development program that coaches community college instructors about simple, effective teaching strategies that promote student academic achievement. GRASP is founded on the belief that…

Perez, Aaron M.; McShannon, Judy; Hynes, Pat

2012-01-01

296

High Risk Drinking among Non-Affiliated College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the high risk drinking practices of unaffiliated college students who are not involved in formal athletics, fraternities, or sororities. Using a qualitative research design, the investigators interviewed students at a northeast public college in fall 2010 to learn about unaffiliated students' drinking experiences and…

Smith, Margaret; Finneran, John; Droppa, Marj

2014-01-01

297

The Identification of Factors Influencing College Students' Attitudes toward Radioactivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two basic questions considered in this study were: (1) What attitudes do college students hold toward radioactivity? and (2) What are some characteristics associated with the college students who hold the more favorable attitudes toward radioactivity? The sample studied included 1,205 mostly undergraduate students at the University of Texas at…

Crater, Harold L., Jr.

298

Burnout in College Student Volunteers: A Cross-Level Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Burnout in college students is an issue of concern. It adversely affects the learning of students as well as their overall health and well-being. However, little attention has been paid to burnout in college students who donate their time as volunteers in services to their community. This study examined both individual and group factors…

Kao, Yueh-tzu

2009-01-01

299

Who Are the Students at Community Colleges and Proprietary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study designed to compare demographics of community college students with those of proprietary school students. Indicates that community college and proprietary school students differed more in the past than they do currently, and that proprietary not-for-profit institutions may contribute to the apparent convergence. (27 citations)…

Cheng, Xing David; Levin, Bernard H.

1995-01-01

300

The Impact of Social Media on College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are numerous ways, positive and negative, in which social media impact college students. Understanding sheer volume of time and the type of activities for which college students use social networking sites is crucial for higher education administrators. Researchers have begun to empirically examine impacts on students' well-being and have…

Mastrodicasa, Jeanna; Metellus, Paul

2013-01-01

301

College Students' Science Societies and Special-Interest Circles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the point of view of their age, student science societies and special-interest circles are among the most venerable forms of corporate association among students in colleges and universities. In this article, the author traces the formation of different societies and special-interest circles by college students in different universities in…

Ivanov, A.

2005-01-01

302

Minors on Campus: Underage Students at Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fall 2005 enrollment data show approximately 73,000 students under the age of 18 enrolled in California community colleges. Given that students under the age of 18 are legally considered minors, community college faculty and staff are often uncertain about their roles and responsibilities for these students. Laws governing the opportunities for…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, 2006

2006-01-01

303

Associations Between Smoking and Media Literacy in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations recommend media literacy to reduce tobacco use, and higher media literacy has been associated with lower smoking among high school students. The relationship between smoking media literacy and tobacco use, however, has not been systematically studied among college students. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between smoking and smoking media literacy among college students. We

Brian A. Primack; Jaime Sidani; Mary V. Carroll; Michael J. Fine

2009-01-01

304

Gay Students: The Latest Outreach Target at Many Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's colleges strive for diversity in order to enrich students' personal development, perspectives, and real-world knowledge. While colleges have been trying to recruit students of different races for decades, they are now expanding their perspective of what true diversity entails. LGBT students, due to their orientation, often have different…

Young, Amanda

2011-01-01

305

Bakersfield College Student Needs Assessment Survey: Spring Semester, 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1983, a survey was conducted at Bakersfield College to ascertain the effectiveness of the college's promotional efforts and to determine better ways of serving the student body. A 16-item questionnaire was distributed to all students, soliciting information on course load; educational objectives, background, and plans; student major;…

Gordon, Helen Heightsman

306

Registering Students and Designing the Master Schedule at Bakersfield College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scheduling process at Bakersfield College (California) is explained in this report. The basic philosophy of the college (existing to teach and serve students) is exemplified in student scheduling and registration. SWITCH (Sectioning with Instructor and Time Choice) is the processing of data by computer. Fundamental SWITCH concepts of student

Sanden, Milton R.

307

Hetero- and Autostereotyping in Pakistani, French, and American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored hetero- and auto-stereotyping in 23 Pakistani students studying in the United States; 21 French and 20 American college students enrolled at the University of Besancon, France; and 59 American college students who had never lived or studied abroad. All subjects completed a four-page questionnaire in their native language in…

McAndrew, Frank T.

308

Developmental Education Students in Texas Community Colleges: Changes over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this investigation, we analyzed student enrollment data from the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board accountability website for all Texas community colleges from 2000 through 2011. The numbers and percentages of community college students who were developmental education students were calculated and analyzed to determine changes over…

Saxon, D. Patrick; Slate, John R.

2013-01-01

309

Differing Gender Characteristics and Associated Needs and College Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between religiosity and undergraduate student retention at Idaho State University (ISU). With only 50% of college students consistently persisting to graduation, attrition is a problem that plagues colleges and universities. Research shows that students who are more integrated in education…

Butterfield, Rex M.; Pemberton, Cynthia Lee A.

2012-01-01

310

Attachment and Student Success during the Transition to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used 2 studies to examine attachment security and college student success. In the 1st study, 85 first-semester students provided information on attachment dimensions and psychological, ethical, and social indices. More anxious students performed worse academically in college than they had in high school and indicated they would be more willing…

Kurland, Robert M.; Siegel, Harold I.

2013-01-01

311

An optics first year experience course for community college students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A common complaint about entering college students is that they are not prepared for the college experience. In response to the problem, many colleges and universities offer "first year experience" (FYE) courses that provide a transition to the college experience, promote academic success and enhance learning. In this paper we describe a first semester optics course for community college students that is taught as an inquiry-based studio-type course. Introduction to Light and Lasers incorporates many ideas of a first year experience course and addresses the issue of students underprepared in mathematics, communication, critical thinking and hands-on laboratory skills.

Donnelly, Judith

2009-08-01

312

Revised Push-Up Test Norms for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A revised push-up test for college students was presented in 2002. The purpose of this study was to develop percentile norms for the revised push-up test when it is used with college students. Revised push-up scores collected on 177 male and 274 female college students were used to develop percentile norms. The norms for the men have a different…

Baumgartner, Ted A.; Hales, Derek; Chung, Hyuk; Oh, Suhak; Wood, Heather M.

2004-01-01

313

Measuring How College Affects Students: Social Desirability and Other Potential Biases in College Student Self-Reported Gains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities are increasingly using national surveys to assess their students' learning and development. Given the importance of the first year of college for student adjustment and retention (Tinto, 1993), some of these surveys are designed specifically to gauge the experiences and outcomes of first-year students. These large-scale…

Bowman, Nicholas A.; Hill, Patrick L.

2011-01-01

314

Attention Biology Grad Students: Are you an aspiring college biology professor?  

E-print Network

Attention Biology Grad Students: Are you an aspiring college biology professor teaching skills with community college students. Collaborate with Community College Biology Instructors online ccbfest.org Deadline Friday, May 1st , 2011 CCB FEST: Community College Biology Faculty

315

Community College Survey of Student Engagement: 2012 Survey Results  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each year, the Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) presents the results of its annual survey. These survey results help community colleges assess their educational practices so they can improve student outcomes in one of the most challenging and least understood sectors of American higher education. The five benchmarks of effective educational practice in community colleges are active and collaborative learning, student effort, academic challenge, student-faculty interaction, and support for learners. Click on each benchmark to find key findings for that benchmark. Target Audience: 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

2009-12-18

316

Graduate training and the treatment of suicidal clients: the students' perspective.  

PubMed

Existing literature suggests that graduate programs may not provide adequate training in working with suicidal clients. Therefore, we surveyed 238 predoctoral psychology interns and assessed the prevalence of clients engaging in suicidal behaviors and the amount of formal training in managing suicidal clients received. Results showed approximately 5% of participants indicated a client suicide and 99% indicated they had treated at least one suicidal client during their graduate training. In contrast, results demonstrated only 50% of the participants reported attending programs where formal training was offered. These findings suggest a continued need for increased formal training in managing suicidal clients in graduate psychology programs. PMID:12882422

Dexter-Mazza, Elizabeth T; Freeman, Kurt A

2003-01-01

317

Community Colleges, Industry Leaders Prepare Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. In this episode of ATETV, industry partnerships, process technology and simulation and game development are discussed. From oil refining to video game design and everywhere in between, community colleges are working with industries to tailor their programs to match the demand for jobs. The episode can be watched in full or through the three segments: âÂÂIndustry Partnerships;â âÂÂWorking Outdoors with Technologyâ and âÂÂLearning the Video Game Industry.â Running time for the full episode of this streaming video is 9:26.

2010-08-17

318

Eating Disorders and Spirituality in College Students.  

PubMed

Associations were examined between eating disorder symptoms and spiritual well-being in a convenience sample of college students. Undergraduate nursing students at a university in a Mid-Atlantic coastal beach community were recruited for the study. A total of 115 students completed the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), the Sick, Control, One Stone, Fat, Food (SCOFF) screening questionnaire, and the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26). Approximately one quarter of students had positive screens for an eating disorder, and 40% admitted to binging/purging. SWBS scores reflected low life satisfaction and a lack of clarity and purpose among students. A significant association was found between EAT-26 scores and SWBS Existential Well-Being (EWB) subscale scores (p = 0.014). SCOFF scores were significantly associated with SWBS EWB scores (p = 0.001). Symptoms of eating disorders were pervasive. Future research that assesses the impact of spiritual factors on eating disorders may help health care providers better understand the unique contributions to the development of eating diorders. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, xx(x), xx-xx.]. PMID:25490775

Phillips, Lauren; Kemppainen, Jeanne K; Mechling, Brandy M; MacKain, Sally; Kim-Godwin, Yeounsoo; Leopard, Louisa

2014-12-10

319

Student Persistence in College: A Review of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of the research on college student persistence summarizes findings in selected areas, including student involvement in campus life, ethnicity, gender, age, on- campus versus off-campus residence, and membership in fraternities and sororities. (Author/DB)

Peltier, Gary L.; Laden, Rita; Matranga, Myrna

1999-01-01

320

Correlates of Alcohol-Related Regretted Sex among College Students  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of alcohol-related regretted sex in college students warrants a better understanding of the characteristics of students who report such experiences. Therefore, the present study examined correlates of regretted sexual experiences involving alcohol use among two specific high-risk college student samples: Students mandated to alcohol intervention (N = 522) and volunteer first-year students transitioning to college (N = 481). Results indicated that alcohol-related regretted sex occurred in similar rates in mandated and volunteer students, with approximately 25% of the students reporting at least one occurrence in the past month. Women were more likely to report alcohol-related regretted sex compared to men. The belief that alcohol use would result in “liquid courage” was associated with alcohol-related regretted sex among college students, even after accounting for greater alcohol use and problem alcohol use behaviors. These findings have significant implications for intervention efforts and future research. PMID:22448762

Orchowski, Lindsay M.; Mastroleo, Nadine R.; Borsari, Brian

2012-01-01

321

Marketing Analysis for the Nontraditional Student at Carl Sandburg College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the wide range of students community colleges must provide services for, there is an increasing need for colleges to analyze and segment their marketing efforts. As part of an effort to focus on specific market segments and take into account internal and external environments, an analysis was conducted at Illinois' Carl Sandburg College (CSC)…

Sundberg, Lori

322

College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Graduate Student Profile for Website  

E-print Network

College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Graduate Student Profile for Website CONSENT FORM This consent form is to accompany and be submitted after completing the College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Graduate the College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, permission to include the information

Saskatchewan, University of

323

Spirituality among a College Student Cohort: A Quantitative Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to quantify indices of spirituality, the directing health dimension, which affects health and life satisfaction. Because college marks a time when life patterns are established, a college population was chosen. A cohort of 524 northeastern U.S. college students completed the 48-item Life Attitude Profile-Revised (LAP-R) in…

Dennis, Dixie; Muller, Susan M.; Miller, Kim; Banerjee, Priya

2004-01-01

324

Impediments to Academic Performance of Bisexual College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To investigate health-related impediments to academic success for bisexual college students. Participants: Respondents to the Fall 2011 American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) survey who self-identified as bisexual, heterosexual, gay, or lesbian. Methods: Secondary analyses of the…

Klein, Nicole Aydt; Dudley, Michael G.

2014-01-01

325

Valencia College, No. 1 Nationwide: It's All about "Student Experience"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve years ago, Sanford Shugart took the helm at Valencia College. This school of 70,000-plus students in Orlando, FL, seemed like any other community college, but Shugart's reason for being there, and the change this college was about to undergo, was anything but ordinary. Before his arrival, the school had begun a process called Campus…

Adam, Michelle

2012-01-01

326

Financial Information Project: Assessing the Financial Interests of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College graduates are entering the world of work with record levels of school-related debt despite being generally unprepared to face the financial challenges of life after college. Findings from a needs assessment survey of financial topics of interest to college students and staff/faculty and preferences for how the information should be…

Masuo, Diane M.; Kutara, Pamela; Wall, Ronald; Cheang, Michael

2007-01-01

327

College Students: The Evolving Nature of Research. ASHE Reader Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 17 readings presents research on college students grouped into sections on getting to college, the college environment, the developmental experience, and general reflections. Titles and authors are: (1) "Population Trends, Socioeconomic Status, and Geographic Distribution" (B. Astone and E. Nunez-Wormack); (2) "Understanding…

Stages, Frances K., Ed.; And Others

328

Triton College: A Review of the Student Personnel Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings and recommendations of a review of the student personnel services program at Triton College (Illinois), conducted by a team from the Consulting Service of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities. The report briefly describes the college and its administration and suggests a reorganization of…

Beyerl, Merrill C.; And Others

329

Student Value Orientations about College: Direct and Indirect Effects on Student Satisfaction. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study constructs a typology of student value orientation (defined as student aspirations, attitudes, and values related to the college experience) as it relates to student satisfaction with college. Value orientation traits are used to identify direct effects on overall student satisfaction; trait variables examine the possibility that…

Keup, Jennifer Rinella

330

Facilitating Student Success for Entering California Community College Students: How One Institution Can Make an Impact.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the need to serve a broader and larger population of students at the community college level increases, the rate of student success is decreasing at many institutions. There is a greater need to deliver in-class and co-curricular experiences that satisfy the students currently entering college. The Student Success Project at Santa Monica…

Tovar, Esau; Simon, Merril A.

331

Predictors of Suicidal Ideation among High School Students by Gender in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the evidence to determine if there are gender differences in suicidal ideation of adolescents. This study examined the main effect of risk factors from 5 domains and protective factors from 1 domain in relation to suicidal ideation by gender and identified the most important predictors of suicidal ideation…

Park, Hyun Sook; Schepp, Karen G.; Jang, Eun Hee; Koo, Hyun Young

2006-01-01

332

Physician shadowing by college students: what do patients think?  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this study is to determine patients’ perceptions of physician shadowing by college students. Methods Thirty-two patients who agreed to have a college student shadow their physician participated in semi-structured interviews during July and August 2013 at two outpatient family medicine centers. Qualitative techniques were utilized to analyze the transcripts of the patient interviews and identify common themes. Results The majority of patients (78.1%) felt the college student had a neutral effect on their visit and denied having concerns about confidentiality (87.5%). No patient felt that having the college student present affected their ability to maintain a trusting relationship with their physician. Three themes emerged from the qualitative analysis: benefits to students, willing participation and sensitive issues. Most patients (78.5%) recognized that the student was in college or was a premedical student. The overwhelming majority of patients stated that they would have a college student shadow their physician again in the future. Conclusions Despite concerns raised by other authors about the possible negative effects of physician shadowing by college students, this study shows that patients feel the impact to be primarily neutral and that there are many perceived benefits to both student and patient. PMID:24629141

2014-01-01

333

The Impact of a Historically Black College on African American Students: The Case of LeMoyne-Owen College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the impact of LeMoyne-Owen College (LOC), a historically black college, on students' adjustment to college, adjustment to faculty, study habits, social adjustment, and management of college life. Student surveys indicated that LOC positively affected students in all areas. Seniors scored higher than freshmen in all areas. Vocational…

Fleming, Jacqueline

2001-01-01

334

Factor Pattern Comparisons of EPPS Scales of High School, College, and Innovative College Program Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

EPPS scores from 167 high school seniors (Study 1, S1), 137 introductory psychology students (S2), and students from an innovative college program (S3) were compared using analysis of variance, image analysis, and factor pattern comparison. (Editor)

Dixon, Paul W.; Ahern, Elsie H.

1973-01-01

335

Partying before the Party: Examining Prepartying Behavior among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors examined the phenomenon known to college students as "prepartying," which is the consumption of alcohol prior to attending an event or activity (eg, party, bar, concert) at which more alcohol may be consumed. Participants: To explore the extent of this behavior, the authors surveyed 227 college students about each drinking…

Pedersen, Eric R.; LaBrie, Joseph

2007-01-01

336

Meningitis in a College Student in Connecticut, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe a case of aseptic meningitis in a college student that was ultimately attributed to infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). The authors also provide a review of LCMV infection, epidemiology, and public health implications. Providers should be aware of LCMV as a cause of meningitis in college students,…

Sosa, Lynn E.; Gupta, Shaili; Juthani-Mehta, Manisha; Hadler, James L.

2009-01-01

337

HIV Risk Behavior among College Students in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article updates our 1997 review that examined the literature on HIV risk behavior among college students. Methods: The current review focuses on college student sex-risk behaviors related to HIV-related knowledge, communication with sex partners, self efficacy, and behavioral skills. Results: As reported in our original review, the…

Lewis, John E.; Miguez-Burban, Maria-Jose; Malow, Robert M.

2009-01-01

338

The Negative Commandments: Ten Ways Community Colleges Hinder Student Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper relies on data collected through the TRUCCS (Transfer and Retention of Urban Community College Students) Project, a 3-year, longitudinal and comprehensive study of the goals, success, and academic patterns of 5,000 community college students in urban Los Angeles, California. Researchers collected qualitative data on issues relating to…

Hagedorn, Linda Serra; Perrakis, Athena I.; Maxwell, William

339

The Prevalence and Correlates of Depression among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined depression among a random sample of students (N = 618) enrolled in a medium size university in the Pacific Northwest who responded to the American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment. The results indicated that one in four students experienced depression in the past year and men were as likely as…

Lindsey, Billie J.; Fabiano, Patricia; Stark, Chris

2009-01-01

340

How Black Colleges Empower Black Students: Lessons for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To their disadvantage, few Americans--and few in higher education--know much about the successes of historically Black colleges and universities. How is it that historically Black colleges graduate so many low-income and academically poorly prepared students? How do they manage to do so well with students "as they are", even when adopting open…

Hale, Frank W., Jr., Ed.

2006-01-01

341

Student-Loan Investigation Sweeps Up More Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An expanding investigation into conflicts of interest in the student-loan industry continued to sweep up more lenders and college financial-aid administrators last week. The nation's largest student-loan provider, Sallie Mae, accepted a $2-million settlement with New York State's attorney general, Andrew M. Cuomo, and three more college officials…

Basken, Paul; Field, Kelly

2007-01-01

342

Bereavement: Applying Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development to College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the developmental challenges that a college student may have to face is the death of a significant other, friend, spouse, relative, child, or parent. This article reviews the literature on the potential effects of bereavement on a college student with respect to Erik Erikson's stage six of psychosocial development (intimacy versus…

Floerchinger, Debra S.

343

Mobile Apps to Provide Information for College Personnel and Students  

E-print Network

Mobile Apps to Provide Information for College Personnel and Students Patcharaporn and colleges to have mobile apps to disseminate university information for personnel and students. This paper proposes mobile apps on both iOS and Android platforms to provide useful and essential information

Runapongsa, Kanda

344

Willingness among College Students to Help a Smoker Quit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Between February and March 2003, the authors examined college students' willingness to help a smoker quit and assessed demographic and psychosocial characteristics associated with willingness to help. Participants: Survey respondents were 701 college students (474 women, 227 men) aged 18 to 24 years who indicated there was someone close…

Thomas, Janet L.; Gerber, Tracy A.; Brockman, Tabetha A.; Patten, Christi A.; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Offord, Kenneth P.

2008-01-01

345

Psychosocial Correlates of Cigarette Smoking among College Students in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives are to examine the smoking practice and intention among Chinese college students and to explore the association between cigarette smoking and individual and psychosocial factors. Cross-sectional data were collected from 1874 students from 19 college campuses in Jiangsu province, China. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses were…

Mao, Rong; Li, Xiaoming; Stanton, Bonita; Wang, Jing; Hong, Yan; Zhang, Hongshia; Chen, Xinguang

2009-01-01

346

Academic Performance and Satisfaction with Homework Completion among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the umbrella of the social cognitive theory of self-regulation of learning, we examined the association between homework practices of college students, motivation and self-regulation of learning, and final course grades. Data from one hundred thirty-three college students, who completed measures of help-seeking, self-efficacy, intrinsic…

Bembenutty, Hefer; White, Marie C.

2013-01-01

347

Civic Engagement Measures for Latina/o College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter uses a critical quantitative approach to study models and measures of civic engagement for Latina/o college students. The chapter describes the importance of a critical quantitative approach to study civic engagement of Latina/o college students, then uses Hurtado et al.'s (Hurtado, S., 2012) model to examine the civic engagement…

Alcantar, Cynthia M.

2014-01-01

348

AOD Screening Tools for College Students. Prevention Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the goal of screening in student health or other college settings is to reduce alcohol-related harm. NIAAA points out that identifying those students at greatest risk for alcohol problems is the first step in prevention. Colleges and universities have used a number of…

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012

2012-01-01

349

Career Support Group for Latino/a College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culturally derived career counseling groups constitute a potentially promising way of providing supportive experiences for Latino/a college students. These groups can facilitate Latino/a students' help-seeking behavior, address general college transition needs, add new coping skills, resolve developmental issues, and respond to career concerns.…

Berrios-Allison, Ana C.

2011-01-01

350

The Community College Student Experience in Developmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental education is a primary tool of access to higher education, particularly at the community college level, for students who are not academically prepared. There is a high need for remediation of community college students, yet a low remedial course completion rate. While there is broad awareness of the problem of remediation and its…

Johnson, Julie J.

2012-01-01

351

Student Success in Intensive versus Traditional Introductory College Chemistry Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to determine whether students would be more successful in a traditional 15-week introductory college chemistry course or an intensive three-week version of the same course. In addition to course format, we also analyzed whether the students' academic experience (measured as the number of college credit hours taken by…

Hall, Mildred V.; Wilson, Linda A.; Sanger, Michael J.

2012-01-01

352

Think College! Postsecondary Education Options for Students with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the Higher Education Opportunity Act opens the door to more options and supports, more and more students with intellectual disabilities are "thinking college." That means high schools, colleges, and universities must be fully prepared to meet the needs of students with disabilities--and this comprehensive resource is just what they need.…

Grigal, Meg; Hart, Debra

2010-01-01

353

African American College Students: Literacy of Depression and Help Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Depression is a serious public health concern in the United States affecting almost 18.8 million adults. It is a common mental disorder in college students, with estimates of 1 in 4 "experiencing an episode by age 24." African American college students are at an elevated risk for depression due to racism, stress, sleep deprivation, and lack of…

Stansbury, Kim L.; Wimsatt, Maureen; Simpson, Gaynell Marie; Martin, Fayetta; Nelson, Nancy

2011-01-01

354

Early Integration and Other Outcomes for Community College Transfer Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore academic and social integration and other outcomes for community college transfer students. The study used Tinto's ("Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of student attrition," 1993) "Longitudinal Model of Institutional Departure" and Deil-Amen's ("J Higher…

D'Amico, Mark M.; Dika, Sandra L.; Elling, Theodore W.; Algozzine, Bob; Ginn, Donna J.

2014-01-01

355

Library Resources for the Foreign Born College Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief essay on the difficulties faced by college students who have recently emigrated to the United States, introduces a suggested annotated list of general reference books and works on Africa, Asia, and the Middle East which college libraries can provide for the use of immigrant students. It is noted that immigration to the United States has…

Mood, Terry Ann

356

Assessing Overweight and Cardiovascular Risks among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although studies regarding health issues and the obesity epidemic have increased in recent years, few of these studies target college-aged students. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in race/ethnicity with respect to prevalence of overweight/obesity (defined by body mass index or BMI) among college students

Hlaing, Way Way; Nath, Subrata D.; Huffman, Fatma G.

2007-01-01

357

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Individual Criteria in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is present in young adults and because coronary heart disease (CHD) is likely, screening to determine MetS prevalence and its criteria is critical. Objective: To determine MetS prevalence and most prevalent criteria in a sample of first-year college students. Participants: First-year college students between 18 and 24…

Fernandes, Jill; Lofgren, Ingrid E.

2011-01-01

358

The Completion Arch: Measuring Community College Student Success--2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essential to tracking student success at community colleges is the availability of solid data and commonly defined metrics that go beyond measuring the traditional (and limited) enrollment and graduation rates that these colleges report to the federal government. In particular, what is needed are metrics that illuminate what happens to students

Horn, Laura; Radwin, David

2012-01-01

359

Applying Queer Theory in Practice with College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grounded in a narrative inquiry study of traditional-aged lesbian college students' perceptions of the relationships among their multiple social identities, this article explores implications of queer theory in practice with college students. This case study examines the emancipatory impact of queer notions and a queer theoretical framework on one…

Abes, Elisa S.

2008-01-01

360

Rape Myth Beliefs and Bystander Attitudes among Incoming College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The bystander approach to rape prevention is gaining popularity on college campuses, although research is limited. This study explored bystander attitudes and their relationship with rape myths in a sample of college students. Participants: Surveys from 2,338 incoming undergraduate students at a large, northeastern university were…

McMahon, Sarah

2010-01-01

361

Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorder Symptoms in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study investigated the occurrence of obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs) and associated symptomology in college students. Participants: Participants included 358 undergraduate students. Results: Results suggest that clinically significant levels of OCSD symptoms are relatively common. Additionally, OCSD symptoms co-occurred with each other and anxiety symptoms in general, yet not significantly with impulsivity symptoms. Conclusions: Given their prevalence in college

Michael L. Sulkowski; Amy Mariaskin; Eric A. Storch

2011-01-01

362

Anthropometric and Behavioral Measures Related to Mindfulness in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether mindfulness is associated with physical and behavioral measures in first semester college students. Participants: Male and female first year college students (n = 75) from the University of Rhode Island. Methods: Height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and blood pressure were assessed and online questionnaires…

Grinnell, Sarah; Greene, Geoffrey; Melanson, Kathleen; Blissmer, Bryan; Lofgren, Ingrid E.

2011-01-01

363

Sleep Trends and College Students: Does it Connect to Obesity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate and compare local to national averages in college-aged students' sleep disturbances, as well as further investigate key demographics (obesity classification, gender, race, year in college) among sleep issues. Methods: This study investigated 636 undergraduate students (333 males, 303…

Melton, Bridget F.; Langdon, Jody; McDaniel, Tyler

2013-01-01

364

Withrow University High School: Every Student College Bound  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"A college education is the key to a bright future." That is the message that Principal Sharon Johnson sends to prospective students in an introductory letter. With that introduction and the school motto--"Where every student is college bound"--there is no mistaking the goal for graduates of Withrow University High School in Cincinnati, Ohio. High…

Rourke, James; Boone, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

365

Guidelines for Death Notification in College Student Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College is a time for intellectual growth and also an important time for psychological and emotional maturation and the development of coping skills. The death loss of a family member or friend is a relatively common experience for college students. How students and family members are notified of a death can have a long-standing impact on their…

Hamilton, Lou Ann

2008-01-01

366

A Workshop for College-Bound High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes workshop designed to help college-bound high school students begin to address developmental issues before matriculating. Discusses workshop activities based on Coons' (1974) description of developmental tasks of college students: resolution of parent-child relationship, solidifying sexual identity, formulation of personal value system,…

Poe, Retta E.; Greer, Richard M.

1990-01-01

367

Entrepreneurialism in Student Affairs: The Eckerd College Waterfront Program Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1971 it was not financial hardship that launched a new program at Eckerd College in Saint Petersburg, Florida. Rather, it was the tragic loss of a student by drowning, followed a year later by a class temporarily stranded in a boat. That same year, under Bill Covert's leadership, twelve students formed the Florida Presbyterian College Search,…

Covert, William; Murphy, Cari

2010-01-01

368

Transition Experiences of Community College Transfer Students: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study sought to determine what academic and social difficulties are encountered by community college transfer students in adjusting to their transfer institutions. Data was collected from interviews with 12 students who transferred from Piedmont Virginia Community College (PVCC) to the University of Virginia (UVA) in the fall of…

Harrison, Patricia Lynne

369

Beyond Remedial Dichotomies: Are "Underprepared" College Students a Marginalized Majority?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article questions the dichotomous labeling and conceptualization of remedial and nonremedial students, particularly the added distinctions emphasized between four-year and two-year colleges, and it calls for a focus on the common challenges among all underprepared college students. The content of this article has attempted to broaden the…

Deil-Amen, Regina

2011-01-01

370

The Stability of College Students' Implicit Theories of Marriage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the stability of the Relational Dimensions Instrument (RDI) as a measure of people's general beliefs about the characteristics of the ideal marriage. Shows little stability for these judgments in college students who took the test twice, one year apart. Casts doubt on whether college students' implicit theories of marriage are tapped by…

Pavitt, Charles; And Others

1995-01-01

371

BC [Bakersfield College] Students Who Transfer: A Profile of Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with Bakersfield College students who transfer to institutions that grant the baccalaureate degree. Three parts of the study answer the following questions: How many transferred and where did they go? What courses did they take? What kind of grades did they earn? Part 1 of the report, Numbers of Bakersfield College Students to…

Scott, David C.

372

Health Educator Believability and College Student Self-Rated Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate the self-rated health (SRH) status among college students who reported receiving the majority of their health-related information from health educators. Participants: Students (n = 49,921) who completed the 2006 National College Health Association survey. Methods: Bivariate associations between SRH and the believability of…

Zullig, Keith J.; Reger-Nash, Bill; Valois, Robert F.

2012-01-01

373

Early Integration of First-Generation College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has demonstrated that first-generation college students are less likely to persist to their sophomore year than non-first-generation students (Davis, 2010; Choy, 2001). The first six weeks has been identified as a critical time for adjustment and integration to college (Tinto, 1987; Astin, 1993; Woosley, 2003, 2009). Although…

Finley, Jennifer Bissell

2012-01-01

374

Disparities in Overweight and Obesity among US College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To examine social disparities and behavioral correlates of overweight and obesity over time among college students. Methods: Multilevel analyses of BMI, physical activity, and television viewing from 2 representative surveys of US college students (n=24,613). Results: Overweight and obesity increased over time and were higher among…

Nelson, Toben F.; Gortmaker, Steven L.; Subramanian, S. V.; Cheung, Lilian; Wechsler, Henry

2007-01-01

375

Teaching College Students with Learning Disabilities. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest summarizes the issues involved in the instruction of college students with learning disabilities and offers a practical approach to teaching these students. It notes first that disability law at the college level is not as prescriptive as that for the elementary secondary level. Since the instructional climate in higher education is…

Shaw, Stan F.; Scott, Sally S.; McGuire, Joan M.

376

A Comparison of Intervention Strategies for Undecided College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of different methods of delivering career counseling to college students. Three groups of community college students (N=148) undecided about their major received three levels of career development intervention: a life/career planning course, career testing with counselor interpretation, or no formal…

Glaize, David L.; And Others

377

North Carolina Community Colleges Provide for Latino Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe implemented and planned Latino student success activities in North Carolina community colleges and to examine variations in these activities based on the degree of Latino settlement in the college service area. This study was designed to answer the following research questions: (1) What Latino student

Winecoff, Bonnie Watts

2009-01-01

378

Causes of Mortality among American College Students: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study from self-selected institutions of higher education provides an estimate of the causes and rates of mortality among college students between the ages of 18 and 24 years old. One hundred fifty-seven 4-year colleges participated in an online survey of student deaths during one academic year. A total of 254 deaths were reported. The…

Turner, James C.; Leno, E. Victor; Keller, Adrienne

2013-01-01

379

College Students and Academic Performance: A Case of Taking Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students face a myriad of pressures and challenges in the academic environment as they seek to maintain optimal performance or even to remain in the academic program. In 2002, it was reported that more than 30% of first-year students did not return for their second year of college (Smith), and only 40% are reported to actually compete…

Mansfield, Phylis M.; Pinto, Mary Beth; Parente, Diane H.; Wortman, Thomas I.

2009-01-01

380

College Students and Academic Performance: A Case of Taking Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students face a myriad of pressures and challenges in the academic environment as they seek to maintain optimal performance or even to remain in the academic program. In 2002, it was reported that more than 30% of first-year students did not return for their second year of college (Smith), and only 40% are reported to actually compete…

Mansfield, Phylis M.; Pinto, Mary Beth; Parente, Diane H.; Wortman, Thomas I.

2004-01-01

381

Impact of Attendance Policies on Course Attendance among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to investigate whether having a graded attendance policy would have an effect on course attendance among college students, and (b) to examine beliefs about education and attendance policies among college students. Results support the utility of graded attendance policies for increasing class attendance…

Chenneville, Tiffany; Jordan, Cary

2008-01-01

382

Negative Social Experiences of University and College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we investigate Canadian university and college students' interpersonal conflicts and exposure to abuse and violence during their postsecondary studies and assess the emotional, social, and academic impact of these experiences. Our findings, based on a sample 1174 university and college students in Southwestern Ontario, revealed…

Tremblay, Paul F.; Harris, Roma; Berman, Helene; MacQuarrie, Barb; Hutchinson, Gail E.; Smith, Mary Ann; Braley, Susan; Jelley, Jennifer; Dearlove, Kristen

2008-01-01

383

How Smith Cleared the Way for More Transfer Students from a Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smith College (Massachusetts) has established formal articulation agreements with Santa Monica College (California) and Miami-Dade Community College (Florida) to grant credit to community college students transferring to the private college. Vassar College (New York) is another private liberal arts college seeking more community college transfer…

Geraghty, Mary

1997-01-01

384

Matching Student Characteristics and Institutional Characteristics for Student Success in Four-Year Colleges and Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students invest resources and time to find the college or university that meets their needs and expectations. Likewise, institutions carefully plan how best to spend their funds and time to recruit an incoming class that meets or exceeds the college or university’s admissions requirements and that will graduate. Despite students’ extensive planning for college and institutions’ detailed admissions recruiting and

Kristina Marie Cragg

2007-01-01

385

Cigarette Use Among Young Adults: Comparisons Between Two-Year College Students, Four-Year College Students, and Those Not in College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine cigarette smoking among young adults based on education status. Participants: Community-based sample of 2,694 young adults in U.S. Methods: We compared three groups—those not in college with no college degree; two-year college students\\/graduates; four-year college students\\/graduates—on various smoking measures: ever smoked, smoked in past month, smoked in past week, consider self a smoker, began smoking before age

Kathleen Lenk; Peter Rode; Lindsey Fabian; Debra Bernat; Elizabeth Klein; Jean Forster

2012-01-01

386

Software Copyright Infringement Among College Students Eric Chiang  

E-print Network

the extent of software copyright infringement among college students and attitudes of these students for computer majors and male students, and a decrease in the likelihood of infringement for older students. We also uncover differences in attitudes toward risk of apprehension and conviction between majors

Ahmad, Sajjad

387

Persistence among Full-Time Students at Illinois Central College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, a study was conducted at Illinois Central College (ICC) to identify pre- and post-enrollment variables that could serve as predictors of student persistence and to compare persistence between vocational and academic program students. From a population of 656 Applied Science students and 671 Arts and Science students who were first-time,…

Fischbach, Rita

388

Residential Density: The Effects of Tripling College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to a greater number of students enrolling in higher educational institutions, an increase in demand for housing on college campuses exists putting a strain on infrastructure. In order to accommodate the students, some universities are tripling students in residential settings by putting three students in a room originally designed for two.…

Clark, Elizabeth A.; Jackson, Shannon; Everhart, Deborah

2012-01-01

389

Toward a Definition of Student Persistence at the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the themes frequently appearing in the literature on student retention is that a primary determinant of student persistence is the interaction between students and faculty. Research reveals that students' educational intentions, goal commitment, and integration into the social and academic environment of the college are also influential.…

DeVoll, Douglas

390

Learner/Instructional Characteristics and Student Ratings of College Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on theory and previous research done on the factors that affect student ratings of college instruction, it seems clear that different types of students prefer different types of instructors. The type is apparently a function of naturally occurring needs in the students' personalities and naturally occurring teacher behaviors which student

Rush, Wilmer Sherman

391

Grading Standards, Student Ability and Errors in College Admission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades are important for admission of students in most higher education programs. Analyzing admission and student performance data at a major Norwegian business school, we find that the grading practice of teachers at regional colleges sending students to the school is affected by the average performance of the students being graded. Teachers at…

Moen, Jarle; Tjelta, Martin

2010-01-01

392

A Student Government Guidebook for Evergreen Valley College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help develop informed and capable student leadership in student affairs at Evergreen Valley College (EVC), this student government guide and text for Government 91 focuses on the major leadership needs and objectives of student government within a participatory framework. After an explanation of course objectives and requirements,…

Chavez, Mauro

393

Supporting Students in Recovery on College Campuses: Opportunities for Student Affairs Professionals  

PubMed Central

Despite the significant attention that drugs and alcohol receive on college campuses, few resources and supports are available to students who are recovering from an addiction. Student affairs professionals are uniquely positioned to support these students with a variety of strategies. This article summarizes what is currently known about college students in recovery and ways that student affairs professionals can help build an infrastructure of formal and informal supports for this underserved and at-risk student population. PMID:21765973

Perron, Brian E.; Grahovac, Ivana D.; Uppal, Joseph S.; Granillo, M. Teresa; Shutter, Jamie; Porter, Carolyn A.

2011-01-01

394

Suicide and suicidal behavior  

MedlinePLUS

... such as: Aging (the elderly have the highest rate of suicide) Death of a loved one Drug or alcohol use Emotional trauma Serious physical illness Unemployment or money problems Risk factors for suicide in ...

395

College Choice of Minority Students Admitted to Institutions in the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the factors that affected minority students' choice to enroll at private four-year faith-based institutions in the Council of Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) in the United States. The study utilized the data from the College Board's Admitted Student Questionnaire PLUS (ASQ PLUS) survey. The final sample included 283…

Confer, Christopher; Mamiseishvili, Ketevan

2012-01-01

396

College-Bound Digest. Valuable Information from Prominent Educators for All College-Bound Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information for students, counselors, and parents to help in the evaluation of options and opportunities available for most college-bound students is presented in 17 articles. Titles and authors include the following: "Getting the Most from Your High School Counselor" (James Warfield); "The Use of the SAT at Selective Colleges" (Judith Gatlin);…

Who's Who among American High School Students, Northbrook, IL.

397

Cigarette Smoking Among College Students Attending A Historically Black College and University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very little is known about the prevalence, patterns, social norms, and trends of smoking among students attending historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs). The current study assessed the prevalence, patterns, and norms associated with cigarette smoking among a cross-sectional random sample of 371 undergraduate college students at a historically Black university in North Carolina. Eighty-seven percent of the respondents were

Michelle A. Laws; Chien Ju Huang; Roderick F. Brown; Al Richmond; Rhonda C. Conerly

2006-01-01

398

First-generation college students: Characteristics, experiences, and cognitive development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought answers to three questions: (1) Do the precollege characteristics of first-generation students differ from those of traditional students? (2) Do first-generation students' college experiences differ from those of other students? (3) What are the educational consequences of any differences on first-year gains in students' reading, math, and critical thinking abilities? Answers come from 2,685 students (825 first-generation

Patrick T. Terenzini; Leonard Springer; Patricia M. Yaeger; Ernest T. Pascarella; Amaury Nora

1996-01-01

399

Personal factors that influence deaf college students' academic success.  

PubMed

Research tells us that academic preparation is key to deaf students' success at college. Yet, that is not the whole story. Many academically prepared students drop out during their first year. This study identified entering deaf college students' personal factors as assessed by their individual responses to both the Noel-Levitz College Student Inventory Form B and the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory, second edition (LASSI). Entering students in 3 successive cohorts (total n =437) participated in this study. Results show that in addition to entry measurements of reading and mathematic skills, personal factors contributed to the academic performance of students in their first quarter in college. The Noel-Levitz provided the comparatively better predictive value of academic performance: Motivation for Academic Study Scale (e.g., desire to finish college). The LASSI also showed statistically significant predictors, the Self-Regulation Component (e.g., time management) and Will Component (e.g., self-discipline), but accounted for relatively less variability in the students' initial grade point averages. For this group of underprepared students, results show that personal factors can play a significant role in academic success. Deaf students' personal factors are discussed as they relate to other first-year college students and to their subsequent academic performance and persistence. PMID:21558157

Albertini, John A; Kelly, Ronald R; Matchett, Mary Karol

2012-01-01

400

Suicide and Suicidal Behavior  

PubMed Central

Suicidal behavior is a leading cause of injury and death worldwide. Information about the epidemiology of such behavior is important for policy-making and prevention. The authors reviewed government data on suicide and suicidal behavior and conducted a systematic review of studies on the epidemiology of suicide published from 1997 to 2007. The authors' aims were to examine the prevalence of, trends in, and risk and protective factors for suicidal behavior in the United States and cross-nationally. The data revealed significant cross-national variability in the prevalence of suicidal behavior but consistency in age of onset, transition probabilities, and key risk factors. Suicide is more prevalent among men, whereas nonfatal suicidal behaviors are more prevalent among women and persons who are young, are unmarried, or have a psychiatric disorder. Despite an increase in the treatment of suicidal persons over the past decade, incidence rates of suicidal behavior have remained largely unchanged. Most epidemiologic research on suicidal behavior has focused on patterns and correlates of prevalence. The next generation of studies must examine synergistic effects among modifiable risk and protective factors. New studies must incorporate recent advances in survey methods and clinical assessment. Results should be used in ongoing efforts to decrease the significant loss of life caused by suicidal behavior. PMID:18653727

Nock, Matthew K.; Borges, Guilherme; Bromet, Evelyn J.; Cha, Christine B.; Kessler, Ronald C.; Lee, Sing

2008-01-01

401

Redesigning College Algebra for Student Retention: Results of a Quasi-Experimental Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One prohibitory component to graduation rates in college is the lack of student success in college algebra. The current national passing rate of college students enrolled in college algebra is approximately 40 percent. Lack of success in college algebra creating higher enrollments in remediation courses for students has also been linked to…

Thompson, Carla J.; McCann, Patricia

2010-01-01

402

Depressive Symptoms among College Students: An Assessment of the Influence of Environmental Factors on Retention Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Depressive symptoms among college students have major implications for higher education institutions across the country. First-year college students are particularly susceptible to the various impacts that the college experience may produce during the transitional first year of college. The effects of depressive symptoms among college students in…

Mudric, Mary Beth

2012-01-01

403

Social Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that social forces and social pathologies figure prominently in the dynamics of suicide. Gives several examples of "social suicide," including mass suicide, organizational self-destruction, social analogues to individual suicide, and military suicide. Claims that suicide prevention requires social, economic, and cultural transformations at…

Maris, Ronald W.

1997-01-01

404

Factors Associated With Small Cigar Use Among College Students  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess small cigar use among college students in the southeastern United States. Methods Data from a 2010 online survey were analyzed to examine small cigar smoking and its sociodemographic and psychosocial correlates among 4388 college students, aged 18–30. Results Small cigar users were more likely to be younger, male, black, and current cigarette, cigar, hookah, or marijuana smokers (p’s < .05). They reported lower perceived harm of smoking and greater sensation seeking and perceived stress. Menthol cigarette smokers were more likely to smoke small cigars. Conclusions Small cigar use and the co-occurrence of other tobacco and substance use should be addressed among college students. PMID:23985179

Sterling, Kymberle; Berg, Carla J.; Thomas, Akilah N.; Glantz, Stanton A.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

2013-01-01

405

The Impact of a Brief Training on Suicide for Graduate Students in Psychology, Incorporating Thomas Joiner's Theory of Why People Die by Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that there is a lack of formal training in suicide for mental health professionals in graduate psychology programs (Bongar & Harmatz, 1991; Batista, 2007). Suicide is a public health issue, with one suicide occurring approximately every 16 minutes in the United States (www.cdc.gov). A recently developed theory on why people die…

Weatherbee, Mary Jane

2010-01-01

406

Social Capital and College Preparation: Exploring the Role of Counselors in a College Prep School for Black Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Glenn Hills College Preparatory Charter High School (GHCP) fosters college access for Black students who are first generation college-bound and living in poor neighborhoods. To help GHCP students make the transition to college, the school's counselors work to fulfill a variety of targeted roles and responsibilities. This study examines the…

Farmer-Hinton, Raquel L.; Adams, Toshiba L.

2006-01-01

407

Suicide Terrorists: Are They Suicidal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Are suicide terrorists suicidal? A review of the worldwide literature on suicide terrorism uncovered five published empirical studies describing data collected from potential suicide terrorists or the surviving friends and families of deceased terrorists. The many discrepancies uncovered between suicide terrorists and other suicides on key factors…

Townsend, Ellen

2007-01-01

408

College Students' Affective Distress: The Role of Expectation Discrepancies and Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discrepancy between college students' performance and parents' expectations may be related to college students' affective distress. Further, the role that parent-college student communication reciprocity may play in the context of these discrepancies has not been examined. As a result, this study examined parent-college student expectation…

Agliata, Allison Kanter; Renk, Kimberly

2009-01-01

409

The Academic Consequences of Employment for Students Enrolled in Community College. CCRC Working Paper No. 46  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students are increasingly combining studying with paid employment, and community college students tend to work even longer hours compared with students at four-year colleges. Yet, there is little evidence on the academic consequences of community college students' term-time employment. Using a rare administrative dataset from Washington…

Dadgar, Mina

2012-01-01

410

Alcohol-Related Consequences in African American and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 50% of college students report a heavy drinking episode in the past 2 weeks. This pattern of heavy episodic drinking places them at risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems. In addition, important ethnic differences exist between European American and African American college students in terms of drinking. European American college students report consuming more alcohol than African American college students,

Jessica R. Skidmore; James G. Murphy; Matthew Martens; Ashley A. Dennhardt

2012-01-01

411

Using Self-Concept Instruments with High-Ability College Students: Reliability and Validity Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the reliability and validity of the academic subscales of Marsh's Self-Description Questionnaire III and Neeman and Harter's Self-Perception Profile for College Students for use with high-ability college students. Participants included 100 high-ability college students and 196 average-ability college students enrolled in a…

Rinn, Anne N.; Cunningham, Lindy G.

2008-01-01

412

Needs Assessment of International Students at Eastern Oregon State College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research project was to assess the needs, satisfaction, and concerns of international students attending Eastern Oregon State College. The international student population consisted of students from Micronesia, Netherlands, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Iran, Japan, Thailand, Zimbabwe, Belgium, Canada, Nigeria, China,…

Eid, Mamoud Taha; Jordan-Domschot, Theresa

413

College Students' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors regarding Sex and Contraceptives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined gender differences in college students' knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors of 1,004 predominantly heterosexual students. Results indicated that students had limited knowledge about contraceptives and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Females had a more positive view about contraceptives and males had more…

Toews, Michelle L.; Yazedjian, Ani

2012-01-01

414

Use and Perception of Electronic Cigarettes among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study provides insight into how electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may affect the social normative environment for tobacco use among college students. Participants: Participants were 244 freshman and sophomore students. Methods: Students completed an online self-report survey in April 2011. Results: There is a higher acceptance…

Trumbo, Craig W.; Harper, Raquel

2013-01-01

415

Academic Performance of First-Generation College Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with disabilities are attending postsecondary school in increasing numbers. College students with disabilities have lower retention rates, take longer to complete degrees, and have lower degree completion rates than do their peers without disabilities. Thus, students with disabilities face a number of significant challenges adjusting to…

Lombardi, Allison R.; Murray, Christopher; Gerdes, Hilary

2012-01-01

416

Study, Examinations, and Stress: Blood Pressure Assessments in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of stress associated with higher education and its impact on markers of student health is explored in three experiments looking at blood pressure levels in college students. All participants were full-time undergraduate students of psychology. In Experiment 1, academic fear of failure, assessed using psychometric testing, was found to be…

Hughes, Brian M.

2005-01-01

417

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Black College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined cardiovascular risk factors in Black first-year college students (N=238). Students completed surveys about blood pressure, cholesterol level, smoking, and physical activity. Results found low rates of high blood pressure, low awareness of cholesterol levels, and low numbers of students who smoked. Females had lower physical…

Kelley, George A.; Lowing, Larry

1997-01-01

418

Effective Teaching of Adult Students in the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that, because the needs and learning strategies of nontraditional students differ from those of younger students, more effective teaching practices must be implemented. Reports that students over 25 make up more than half of college attendees. Presents citations of recent ERIC literature designed to promote teaching practices for adult…

Peterman, Dana S.

2002-01-01

419

Assessing Needs of Graduate Students at William Carey College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summer 1995 saw an increased enrollment in graduate study at William Carey College (Mississippi) and this rapid growth established a need for student input concerning graduate courses. Graduate staff were largely interested in student satisfaction particularly with course offerings, time and location of offerings, and future interests of students.…

Diket, Read M.; Lockley, Jeannie M.

420

Motivational Orientation and Burnout among Undergraduate College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships among motivational orientations based on self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000b) and burnout among undergraduate college students. A sample of 191 university students was administered the "Academic Motivation Scale" (Vallerand et al., 1992) and the "Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey" (Schaufeli,…

Pisarik, Christopher T.

2009-01-01

421

Tutoring Strategies for LD College Students' Common Writing Errors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the repeated adage that "no two LD (learning disabled) students are alike, it is not only possible but important to focus on the most common errors of LD college writers in order to learn how best to serve these students. There are in fact two main categories of these students: severely learning disabled and classically learning disabled.…

deBeer, Liz

422

Sleep Patterns of College Students at a Public University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors' purpose in this study was to determine the sleep patterns of college students to identify problem areas and potential solutions. Participants: A total of 313 students returned completed surveys. Methods: A sleep survey was e-mailed to a random sample of students at a North Central university. Questions included individual…

Forquer, LeAnne M.; Camden, Adrian E.; Gabriau, Krista M.; Johnson, C. Merle

2008-01-01

423

Aftermath of a Crisis: How Colleges Respond to Prospective Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the country and through the years, several colleges and universities have been the focal point of violence and tragedy. These tragedies include the brutal beating and murder of a gay student; a campus bonfire that killed 12 students and alumni; a residence hall fire that claimed the lives of three students; terrorist activities in two…

Kelsay, Lisa S.

2007-01-01

424

Teaching College Success to Older Students: An Instructor's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help instructors create a supportive learning environment for older than average students, this guidebook outlines the special needs of adult students and offers advice on instruction and course management. Each chapter of the instructor's manual corresponds to a chapter in "Time for College," a book designed to teach adult students

Gilpin, Bernadine

425

Music Training and Semantic Clustering in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students with 5 or more years of music training recalled significantly more words from a 16-item word list than did students with 0-4 years of training. The superior recall of the extensively trained students linked to better application of a semantic-clustering strategy across a series of 3 test trials. Music education and language…

Hogan, David E.; Huesman, Thomas

2008-01-01

426

College Student Perceptions and Ideals of Advising: An Exploratory Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student advising has been a staple of the college experience for decades. However, the importance of advising differs greatly through the lens of the observer. Students may feel that advising is a "waste of time" or that they already know what they need to take to meet degree requirements. Conversely, other students may want the added…

Christian, Tiffany Y.; Sprinkle, Julie E.

2013-01-01

427

Reciprocal Teaching of Lecture Comprehension Skills in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the effects of a reciprocal teaching intervention designed to enhance the lecture comprehension skills of college students. Forty low-verbal ability students and 40 high-verbal ability students (as measured by SAT scores) were chosen for the study and randomly assigned to experimental or control groups. The experimental groups…

Spivey, Norman R.; Cuthbert, Andrea

2006-01-01

428

The association between suicide risk and self-esteem in Japanese university students with major depressive episodes of major depressive disorder  

PubMed Central

Background The suicide risk among young adults is related to multiple factors; therefore, it is difficult to predict and prevent suicidal behavior. Aim We conducted the present study to reveal the most important factors relating to suicidal ideation in Japanese university students with major depressive episodes (MDEs) of major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods The subjects were 30 Japanese university students who had MDEs of MDD, and were aged between 18 and 26 years old. They were divided into two groups – without suicide risk group (n=15), and with suicide risk group (n=15) – based on the results of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Additionally, healthy controls were recruited from the same population (n=15). All subjects completed the self-assessment scales including the Beck Depression Inventory 2nd edition (BDI-II), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and SF-36v2™ (The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short-form health survey version 2), and they were all administered a battery of neuropsychological tests. Results The RSES score of the suicide risk group was significantly lower than the RSES score of the without suicide risk group, whereas the BDI-II score and the BHS score were not significantly different between the two groups. The mean social functioning score on the SF-36v2 of the with suicide risk group was significantly lower than that of the without suicide risk group. Conclusion The individual’s self-esteem and social functioning may play an important role in suicide risk among young adults with MDEs of MDD. PMID:24868158

Mitsui, Nobuyuki; Asakura, Satoshi; Shimizu, Yusuke; Fujii, Yutaka; Toyomaki, Atsuhito; Kako, Yuki; Tanaka, Teruaki; Kitagawa, Nobuki; Inoue, Takeshi; Kusumi, Ichiro

2014-01-01

429

College Students' Perspectives on Parental Notification and Parent-Student Communication on Student Alcohol Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' perceptions of parental notification (PN) were examined. Anonymous surveys were received from 72 students who had received a notification and 73 students who had not. Students reported that PN increased parent-student communication. While noting interference with their autonomy, students also reported more positive than…

Cosden, Merith; Gauthier, Justin R.; Hughes, Jennifer B.

2013-01-01

430

Proposed Revised College Council Constitution In order to organize as a valid collective, we, the students of Williams College,  

E-print Network

as a valid collective, we, the students of Williams College, hereby establish the Williams Student Body participates. I. Government The Government of the Williams Student Body is the College Council (CC proposes and assists in the implementation of improvements to Williams College. #12; Section B

Aalberts, Daniel P.

431

College-Bound Digest, 1982-83: A Series of Thought-Provoking, Educational Articles for College-Bound Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen articles are directed to college-bound students regarding student financial aid information, the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), advanced placement and credit by examination, college selection, types of colleges, choosing a major, and earning power after graduation. Techniques and publications that may help students gather accurate…

Educational Communications, Inc., Lake Forest, IL.

432

Enhancing college students' critical thinking: A review of studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-seven studies are reviewed that investigate the effect of instructional methods, courses, programs, and general college experiences on changes in college students' critical thinking. Only two studies used true experimental designs; most were nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group designs. The results failed to support the use of specific instructional or course conditions to enhance critical thinking, but did support the conclusion

James H. McMillan

1987-01-01

433

New Dimensions to Psychosocial Development in Traditionally Aged College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why do so many traditionally aged college students engage in inappropriate behaviors, even when they are smart enough to know better? To answer this question, Gregory S. Blimling looks at some of the latest neuroscience research and, in doing so, introduces a new dimension to understanding psychosocial development in college

Blimling, Gregory S.

2013-01-01

434

Student Development among Community College Participants in Study Abroad Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, institutions of higher education have provided study abroad opportunities for college students wishing to increase and expand their intellectual and social skills. While many universities around the country have supported successful international exchange and study abroad programs, there is little research on community college study…

Drexler, Devi S.; Campbell, Dale F.

2011-01-01

435

Why Needy Students Miss out on Elite Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the studies of Caroline M. Hoxby, a professor of economics at Stanford University; and Sarah E. Turner, a professor of economics and education at the University of Virginia, who examine why bright students from low-income families do not apply to select colleges. After analyzing millions of records from the College Board,…

Glenn, David

2009-01-01

436

Having Autism as a Student at Briarcliffe College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

His name is Brett Schmidt, and he is a college student with Autism. His greatest challenge of having autism is communication. When he first applied to Briarcliffe College, he was given an e-mail address to the Campus Portal. He had to train himself to look at the portal frequently for communication and information. On the start of the semester, he…

Brazier, Jamie

2013-01-01

437

Outsourcing Student Housing in American Community Colleges: Problems and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's community colleges are experiencing tremendous growth at a time when higher education is experiencing little success in the fierce battle for public funding. Administrators believe that providing housing on college campuses increases enrollment and improves access, but they are having difficulty meeting students' demands for both quantity…

Bekurs, Gray

2007-01-01

438

Counseling College-Bound Students: Can ACT Scores Be Predicted?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relationships between American College Testing Program (ACT) academic test and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R), Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R), and 1986 Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale: Fourth Edition (Binet IV). Thirty college students for whom ACT scores were available took other tests. Concluded…

Carvajal, Howard; And Others

1989-01-01

439

Predictors of Student Retention in Colleges of Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to identify those factors that most accurately predict a student's intention to complete a degree in a college of agriculture. Specific research objectives were to identify similarities and differences of college of agriculture freshmen from predominately urban backgrounds, as compared to those in an…

Dyer, James E.; Breja, Lisa M.; Wittler, Penny S. Haase

440

Accelerating the College and Career Readiness of Nebraska's Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper captures the progress made by Nebraska in adopting both the common core state standards, subsequent work in ensuring those standards are accompanied by college- and career-ready assessments, and the potential benefits of preparing all students for success in college and a career. (Contains 11 endnotes.)

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

441

Accelerating the College and Career Readiness of North Dakota's Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper captures the progress made by North Dakota in adopting both the common core state standards, subsequent work in ensuring those standards are accompanied by college- and career-ready assessments, and the potential benefits of preparing all students for success in college and a career. (Contains 11 endnotes.)

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

442

Adult Latino College Students: Experiencias y la Educacion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed to gain a better understanding of the learning experiences of adult Latino college students, as described directly in their own voices. The study was guided by two research questions: RQ1: "How do adult Latinos describe their undergraduate college learning experiences?" and RQ2: "How do culture, gender, and ethnic identity affect…

Garza, Ana Lisa

2011-01-01

443

Higher Level Thinking, Writing, and Democracy among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In my work on the college's Committee on Multiculturalism and Ethnic Studies, I found that much of the written work done in our community college was based on lower level cognition, requiring none of the assessment or exploration that is emblematic of critical thought in a democracy. Most of the assignments asked students simply to recite…

Shafer, Gregory

2013-01-01

444

Have College Students' Attitudes toward Older People Changed?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered Situational Attitude Scale-Age to 42 college freshmen in 1979 and again in 1988 to examine their attitudes toward age. Results revealed that overall attitudes of college students toward older people were generally negative in both samples. Respondents felt negatively toward older persons in both academic and social situations.…

Schwalb, Susan J.; Sedlacek, William E.

1990-01-01

445

The Community College Student: Preparation for the Math Placement Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research case study was to explore attitudes and beliefs regarding strategies to improve math placement scores for low-socioeconomic community college students at an urban campus. Using a pragmatic worldview, qualitative techniques were used to gather data to explore this problem at a single community college located in…

Dudley, Jennifer

2010-01-01

446

Attributes of Students Graduating from Schools and Colleges of Optometry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report by the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry identifies desired attributes of students graduating from schools and colleges of optometry. Introductory information includes information on the report's development and assumptions. Personal and professional attributes are then listed followed by a list of 10 knowledge-area…

Optometric Education, 2000

2000-01-01

447

Transfer Student Information Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication  

E-print Network

Fall 2013 Transfer Student Information Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication 1. You 25%. 4. When you transfer to UGA, you will begin as a pre-journalism major in Franklin College and will be advised by a Franklin pre-journalism advisor. If you have met Grady's admission requirements you can apply

Arnold, Jonathan

448

Attending College A guide for students and parents  

E-print Network

Attending College A guide for students and parents interested in Rutgers Office of University things to consider when applying to the colleges/university of choice · Important things to know about a talent ­ pursue an academic interest ­ something to do for the next 4 years ­ meet new people ­ Other

449

Online Homework Effectiveness for Underprepared and Repeating College Algebra Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research compared the effectiveness, in terms of mathematical achievement, of online homework to textbook homework over an entire semester for 145 students enrolled in multiple sections of college algebra at a large community college. A quasi-experimental, posttest design was used to analyze the effect on mathematical achievement, as measured…

Brewer, David Shane; Becker, Kurt

2010-01-01

450

College Students' Alcohol Displays on Facebook: Intervention Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate college freshmen's views towards potential social networking site (SNS) screening or intervention efforts regarding alcohol. Participants: Freshmen college students between February 2010 and May 2011. Methods: Participants were interviewed; all interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed.…

Moreno, Megan A.; Grant, Allison; Kacvinsky, Lauren; Egan, Katie G.; Fleming, Michael F.

2012-01-01

451

The Rural Low-Income Student and the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics discussed at this conference concerned with education for the rural poor were: (1) "The Community College and the Rural Poor," (2) "The Rural Low Income Student--What a Small College Can Do to Get Them Into School and Keep Them There," (3) "The New Iron Ore Industry Worker Needs New Schools and New Programs to Keep Marketable," (4) "The…

Morgan, Don A., Ed.

452

Risk Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College obesity is increasing, but to the authors' knowledge, no researchers to date have evaluated risk factors in this population. Objective: The authors assessed whether abnormal eating perceptions and behaviors were associated with overweight in college students. Participants and Methods: A sample of undergraduates (N = 4,201) completed an…

Desai, Melissa N.; Miller, William C.; Staples, Betty; Bravender, Terrill

2008-01-01

453

College Distance from Home: Implications for Student Transfer Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored college distance from home, a possible contributing factor of transfer behavior. Because the distance between a student's home and college has been found to be related negatively to social integration and positively to homesickness (i.e., Brooks & DuBois, 1995; Fisher, Murray, & Frazer, 1985; Tognoli, 2003), a…

Mattern, Krista D.; Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Shaw, Emily J.

2013-01-01

454

Exploring Faculty Perceptions toward Working with Academically Vulnerable College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an exploratory study of faculty members' knowledge and perceptions toward of with academically vulnerable college students who are specifically experiencing reading and writing difficulties. Data were gathered from 174 college faculty at six higher education institutions throughout northwestern Pennsylvania via an online…

Quick, Robin L.

2013-01-01

455

The College/University Experience of Latino AVID Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latinos are graduating from high school at very low rates and they have one of the lowest college-going and completion rates in this country. Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) was born out of a need to help low-income minority students in the academic middle gain a challenging college-preparatory education and earn admission to…

Herrera, Ricardo

2009-01-01

456

How College Affects Students: Ten Directions for Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research literature on how college affects students is expanding at an exponential rate. This paper identifies and discusses ten directions for future research on college impact that have the potential to enhance the quality and importance of the evidence produced.

Pascarella, Ernest T.

2006-01-01

457

College Student Activism: An Exploration of Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers, politicians, and the public have criticized colleges and universities for not effectively preparing college students to be active participants in their communities and within a democratic society. Institutional initiatives on civic engagement have focused on community service and service-learning initiatives to meet this demand. The…

Rosas, Marisela

2010-01-01

458

College Student Receptiveness to Various Alcohol Treatment Options  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Heavy episodic drinking remains a significant problem on college campuses. Although most interventions for college students are behavioral, pharmacological treatments, such as naltrexone, could provide additional options. Participants: The authors evaluated receptivity to various alcohol treatment options in a general population of…

Epler, Amee J.; Sher, Kenneth J.; Loomis, Tiffany B.; O'Malley, Stephanie S.

2009-01-01

459

Spontaneous Concern about Nuclear War by College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of this study show that college students from small towns in the Rocky Mountain states are very concerned about nuclear war. One hundred eighty-six undergraduates from a small college in the Pacific Northwest were asked to respond to five presentations each of two incomplete sentences: "I worry about...," and "My greatest fear…

Mayton, Daniel M., II

460

Starring Students: Gender Performance at a Women's College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study is to better understand how gender is constructed at a women's college. Specifically, the researchers use Judith Butler's (1990) work on performativity to frame how members of the campus community perceive transgender students are integrated into the college. Through semi-structured interviews with faculty,…

Hart, Jeni; Lester, Jaime

2011-01-01

461

Environmental Worldview and Concern of College Students in the Philippines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Most people profess to care for the environment, but there is considerable diversity on what people generally care for and the reasons for their concern. This study aims to understand college students' worldviews, attitudes, and perceptions and determine the factors affecting their environmental concern. The study aims to focus on college

Su, Glenn L. Sia

2008-01-01

462

MIGRATION OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENTS, STATE OF WASHINGTON.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TWO GENERAL ASPECTS OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENT MIGRATION AS IT RELATES TO THE STATE OF WASHINGTON ARE DISCUSSED. THE FIRST ASPECT INCLUDES ANALYSIS OF MIGRATION PATTERNS IN ACCORDANCE WITH ENROLLMENT CATEGORIES AND TYPES OF INSTITUTIONS, DIFFERENTIAL VOLUMES AND PATTERNS OF MIGRATION FOR SPECIFIC COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN THE STATE, AND…

GOSSMAN, CHARLES S.; AND OTHERS

463

Psychosocial Factors and Low Back Pain among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective and Participants: The authors evaluated psychosocial factors of stress and their effects on the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) among a population of college students in a major university in Colorado. Methods: This was a nested cross-sectional study of 973 respondents who completed the National College Health Assessment survey. The…

Kennedy, Catherine; Kassab, Osama; Gilkey, David; Linnel, Sheri; Morris, Debra

2008-01-01

464

Student Deaths Shake Up College Campuses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on two murders at historically Black colleges in South Carolina. Explores reasons for press attention, the schools' responses, law enforcement activities, and recent deaths at other colleges. Sidebars present information on crisis response and statistics on campus crime. (EV)

Brown, Linda Meggett

2001-01-01

465

Student Support towards War in College Students from Different Religiously Affiliated Colleges in the Midwest of the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on a study of student attitudes towards war. To study the impact that the type of university attended has on a student's level of support for war and attitudes towards war a 15-question survey on moral disengagement in support of military actions based on one developed by McAlister was given to college students attending Quaker,…

Burks, Douglas J.

2010-01-01

466

College Experiences and Student Inputs: Factors That Promote the Development of Skills and Attributes that Enhance Learning among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study involved an exploration of factors that promoted the development of skills and attributes that enhanced learning among college students. The factors explored in this study were, active learning, student-teacher interaction, time on tasks, institutional expectations, student inputs, and skills and attributes that enhance learning. This…

Chemosit, Caroline Chepkurui

2012-01-01

467

Comprehension by College Students of Time-compressed Lectures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has assessed the comprehension by 200 Brooklyn College students of a one-hour lecture at 175 wpm as compared with their comprehension of an equated time-compressed lecture at 275 wpm. (Author)

Adelson, Loretta

1975-01-01

468

Blind Students: Facing Challenges in a College Physics Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visually impaired students with different educational backgrounds may differ in their analytical and mathematical preparedness, which presents unique obstacles for those who wish to successfully complete a college physics course. This article relates the

Fischbach, Ephraim; Brazier, Mark; Parry, Michelle

2000-10-01

469

Drug Usage and Attitude Toward Drugs Among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the data presented suggest that there is considerable experimentation among college students with illegal drugs, especially marijuana. Their attitudes toward other drugs still seems cautious. Marijuana, however, seems-to be accepted and generally positively evaluated. (Author)

Cross, Herbert J.; Keir, Richard G.

1971-01-01

470

A Medical Interviewing Curriculum Intervention for Medical Students' Assessment of Suicide Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Effective communication strategies are required to assess suicide risk. The authors determined whether a 2-hour simulated-patient activity during a psychiatry clerkship improved self-assessment of medical interviewing skills relevant to suicide risk-assessment. Methods: In the 2-hour simulated-patient intervention, at least one…

Fiedorowicz, Jess G.; Tate, Jodi; Miller, Anthony C.; Franklin, Ellen M.; Gourley, Ryan; Rosenbaum, Marcy

2013-01-01

471

College Students’ Affective Distress: The Role of Expectation Discrepancies and Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discrepancy between college students’ performance and parents’ expectations may be related to college students’ affective\\u000a distress. Further, the role that parent–college student communication reciprocity may play in the context of these discrepancies\\u000a has not been examined. As a result, this study examined parent–college student expectation discrepancies and communication\\u000a reciprocity as predictors of college students’ affective distress (i.e., anger, depression,

Allison Kanter Agliata; Kimberly Renk

2009-01-01

472

The Latino Student's Guide to College Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book aims to assist Latinos who are thinking about going to college. The book is divided into four parts and is organized by steps. Part 1 discusses preparing for college. Steps identify 10 new ways of thinking to get ready psychologically for the SAT or ACT exams and college itself; provide forms, tips, and a sample letter to assist in…

Valverde, Leonard A., Ed.

473

Verbal coercive sexual behavior among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coercive sexual behavior exists at alarming rates on college campuses. Researchers attempting to identify factors related to sexual coercion have primarily investigated either the coercing college male or the coerced college female, independent of relationship factors. The present study investigated the prevalence of verbal sexual coercion, the beliefs and attitudes of sexually coercive and noncoercive men, and the differences in

Mary E. Craig; Seth C. Kalichman; Diane R. Follingstad

1989-01-01

474

Characteristics associated with smoking in a Hispanic college student sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the smoking related behaviors of Hispanic young adult college students as part of a larger study that assessed characteristics of Hispanic smokers in a metropolitan area on the U.S.\\/México border. One hundred seventy-four English-speaking Hispanic college students completed questionnaires that assessed tobacco use, drug\\/alcohol use, body mass index, weight concerns, acculturation, depressive symptoms, and expired carbon monoxide

Theodore V. Cooper; Denise Rodríguez de Ybarra; Joseph E. Charter; Julie Blow

2011-01-01

475

A Theory-Driven Model of Community College Student Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This mixed-methods study develops, operationalizes, and tests a new conceptual model of community college student engagement. Themes emerging from participant observations and semistructured interviews with 30 adult students enrolled at a Large Best Practices Community College (LBPCC) over the 2005–2006 academic year are used to guide selection of Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2000, 2002) to frame the new

Pam Schuetz

2008-01-01

476

Motivational Interviewing for Smoking Cessation Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivational interviewing has shown some success as an intervention for college student cigarette smokers. We tested the efficacy and process of a two session motivational-interviewing-based smoking intervention compared to an assessment\\/information session. College student participants assigned to the motivational interviewing condition did not differ significantly from participants in the assessment\\/information condition on smoking outcome variables one month later. However, both

Kelly Bolger; Kimberly Carter; Lisa Curtin; Denise M. Martz; Sandy G. Gagnon; Kurt D. Michael

2010-01-01

477

College Students’ Openness Toward Autism Spectrum Disorders: Improving Peer Acceptance  

Microsoft Academic Search

One probable consequence of rising rates of autism spectrum disorder diagnosis in individuals without co-occurring intellectual\\u000a disability is that more young adults with diagnoses or traits of ASD will attend college and require appropriate supports.\\u000a This study sought to explore college students’ openness to peers who demonstrate ASD-characteristic behaviors. Results showed\\u000a a significant difference in openness between students who had

Rose E. A. Nevill; Susan W. White

478

The Literacy Educator's Role in Suicide Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide, the second leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States, is preventable. Nearly 80% of individuals who commit suicide have demonstrated signs well in advance. Adolescent suicide prevention efforts require collaboration with teachers--individuals who know students well. Literacy educators have a role in suicide

Fisher, Douglas

2005-01-01

479

Students Colleges and Achievement in an Advanced Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The aim of the present study was to determine whether a significant relationship exists between a studentÂ?s college (Allied Health, Arts and Science, Education, and Graduate School) and achievement in an advanced-level course in human physiology (PGY 412G). The mean percentage of correct answers on four multiple-choice tests, collectively totaling 400 points, was used to assess each studentÂ?s performance. A four (college)-by-three (academic year) analysis of variance was used for statistical comparisons among 660 students enrolled in PGY 412G from the fall semester of 1995 through the spring semester of 1998. Subsequent pairwise comparisons tests found that the College of Education students had a significantly lower mean percentage of correct answers (61%) compared with students in each of the other colleges (P < 0.001). No significant differences in percentage scores were found among students enrolled in Allied Health (78%), Arts and Science (78%), or the Graduate School (77%). Also, percentages of correct answers averaged across all students were significantly lower during the 1997Â?1998 academic year than those in either the 1996Â?1997 year (P < 0.001) or the 1995Â?1996 year (P < 0.05). StudentsÂ? scores during these two earlier years did not differ significantly. Upward letter grade adjustments based on class distributions were made each semester, and more As and Bs and fewer Cs and Ds were given as course grades than expected from an absolute assessment scale. This grade inflation benefited low-scoring students from all colleges, particularly those students enrolled in the College of Education. To improve the understanding of human function of these low-scoring students may require special educational programs.

James F. Zolman (University of Kentucky College of Medicine Department of Physiology)

2002-12-01

480

Regular College Preparatory Students' Perceptions of the Student Teams Achievement Divisions Approach in an Academic College Preparatory Biology Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning allows individuals with varying abilities to work alongside their peers. Students are placed into achievement levels based on placement test scores. The Regular College Preparatory (RCP) level is a score of 59% or lower and Academic College Preparatory (ACP) level is a score of 60-92% on the placement test. The purpose of this…

Brooks, Aarti P.

2009-01-01

481

THE EFFECT OF QUALITY OF EFFORT ON PERSISTENCE AMONG TRADITIONAL?AGED COMMUNITY COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Involvement in campus life and learning activities has long been recognized as a powerful contributor to persistence among college students. Much of the research on student involvement has focused on traditional, four?year college students, frequently comparing the academic and social integration of residential and commuter students. Research on involvement among community college students has not been as plentiful, although an

Bruce M. Smith

1993-01-01

482

Transitioning Students out of College: The Senior LC in Psychology at Wagner College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At Wagner College, students are required to participate in a series of three curriculum-based learning communities (C-BLCs) as the core of the undergraduate curriculum known as the Wagner Plan for the Practical Liberal Arts. This article describes the senior learning community (LC) in psychology at Wagner College, which is an example of a…

Nolan, Laurence J.; Jenkins, Steve M.

2012-01-01

483

College-Bound Digest. Valuable Information from Prominent Educators for all College-Bound Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph about the college selection process is desigend to help students explore choices and options. It contains 20 articles, designed to complement the counselor's guidance efforts. These are: (1) "Getting the Most from Your High School Counselor," (James Warfield); (2) "The Use of the SAT at Selective Colleges," (Judith G. Bainbridge);…

Who's Who among American High School Students, Northbrook, IL.

484

Ensuring College Success: Scaffolding Experiences for Students and Faculty in an Early College School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early college is a bold approach that blends high school and college in a rigorous yet supportive program to help young people simultaneously earn a diploma and tuition-free credit toward a postsecondary degree. Designed for students underrepresented in higher education, these innovative small public schools focus on the preparation of low-income…

Newton, Anne; Vogt, Kristen

2008-01-01

485

Personal Factors Impacting College Student Success: Constructing College Learning Effectiveness Inventory (CLEI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College Learning Effectiveness Inventory, a new assessment tool identifying personal variables important to college student success, was constructed using empirical approaches grounded in a conceptual model. The exploratory and confirmatory studies revealed the six-underlying factors: Academic Self-Efficacy, Organization and Attention to…

Kim, Eunhee; Newton, Fred B.; Downey, Ronald G.; Benton, Stephen L.

2010-01-01

486

Promise Lost: College-Qualified Students Who Don't Enroll in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increasing importance of higher education, students who are academically qualified for college still face numerous barriers to college enrollment. These barriers range from insufficient financial aid to mixed messages about academic preparation, poor understanding of admission and financial aid application processes, and limited…

Hahn, Ryan D.; Price, Derek

2008-01-01

487

A Look at Welcome Week: The Role of College Unions and Student Activities in Welcoming Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Members of the Association of College Unions International (ACUI) Central Office staff went on the road on August 18-24, 2011, making stops at 20 institutions in six states during the course of seven days. The ACUI Campus Tour: Welcome Week 2011 included visits with college union and student activities staff and students at a variety of…

Rudisille, Justin; Stringer, Elizabeth; Thiebe, Gillian

2012-01-01

488

Maryland Community Colleges Student Follow-up Study: First-time Students, Fall 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the methodology and results of the third annual statewide student follow-up study of the Maryland community colleges. Questionnaires were sent to 19,634 persons who were first-time students in a Maryland community college in fall, 1972. Response rate was 48%. A sequential sampling procedure was used to test for nonrespondent…

Tschechtelin, James D.; And Others

489

Student Input, Student Involvement, and College Environment Factors Impacting the Choice of Academic Major.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the ability of student inputs, student involvements, and college environments to predict seven groups of academic majors. The research was conducted using a sample of college sophomores extracted from High School and Beyond 1982 follow-up cohort, N=43,614 (weighted). Among the findings of the hierarchical discriminant…

Coperthwaite, Corby A.; Knight, William E.

490

African American and Latina(o) Community College Students' Social Capital and Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a framework of social and cultural capital, this study examined successful African American and Latina/o community college students. Based on focus group interviews with twenty two African American and Latina/o undergraduates at an urban community college, the authors reveal how social and cultural capital gained from students'…

Sandoval-Lucero, Elena; Maes, Johanna B.; Klingsmith, Libby

2014-01-01

491

A model summer program for handicapped college students  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the summer of 1988, the Goddard Space Flight Center was the site of a new NASA project called A Model Summer Program for Handicapped College Students that was directed by Gallaudet University. The project's aim was to identify eight severely physically disabled college students (four from Gallaudet University and four from local historically black colleges and universities (HBCU's)) majoring in technical fields and to assign them technical projects related to aerospace which they would complete under the guidance of mentors who were full time employees of Goddard. A description of the program is presented.

Nissen, Anne B.

1989-01-01

492

California Community Colleges Model Service Site for Students with Psychological Disabilities, January 1991-July 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To identify the instructional support needs of students with psychological disabilities, the California Community Colleges established four model site projects at Santa Barbara City College (SBCC), Kings River College, College of San Mateo, and San Diego City College. At SBCC, the Disabled Student Programs and Services (DSPS) office coordinated…

Shapiro, Janet; Jacobs, Elaine

493

Establishing a Learning Community for Community College Students: STAR--Students and Teachers Achieving Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students and Teachers Achieving Results (STAR) is a student-centered learning project developed by Long Beach City College, in California, to increase the success and retention rates of underrepresented students. Through STAR, students are provided with a program of linked courses that develop communication skills, utilize interdisciplinary…

Mackay, Jannie; And Others

494

Causes and consequences of sleepiness among college students  

PubMed Central

Daytime sleepiness, sleep deprivation, and irregular sleep schedules are highly prevalent among college students, as 50% report daytime sleepiness and 70% attain insufficient sleep. The consequences of sleep deprivation and daytime sleepiness are especially problematic to college students and can result in lower grade point averages, increased risk of academic failure, compromised learning, impaired mood, and increased risk of motor vehicle accidents. This article reviews the current prevalence of sleepiness and sleep deprivation among college students, contributing factors for sleep deprivation, and the role of sleep in learning and memory. The impact of sleep and sleep disorders on academics, grade point average, driving, and mood will be examined. Most importantly, effective and viable interventions to decrease sleepiness and sleep deprivation through sleep education classes, online programs, encouragement of naps, and adjustment of class time will be reviewed. This paper highlights that addressing sleep issues, which are not often considered as a risk factor for depression and academic failure, should be encouraged. Promotion of university and college policies and class schedules that encourage healthy and adequate sleep could have a significant impact on the sleep, learning, and health of college students. Future research to investigate effective and feasible interventions, which disseminate both sleep knowledge and encouragement of healthy sleep habits to college students in a time and cost effective manner, is a priority. PMID:25018659

Hershner, Shelley D; Chervin, Ronald D

2014-01-01

495

Effects of College Experiences on Male and Female Student Leadership Capacity in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how college experiences affect student leadership capacity in the general college population, as well as in male versus female populations. The data were drawn from a longitudinal sample of students across 156 colleges in Taiwan. Results of this study indicated that student leadership capacity increased after college entry.…

Wu, Ching-Ling

2011-01-01

496

Do Rape Education Programs Influence Rape Patterns among New York State College Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the differences in patterns of college student reports of rape and the availability of educational programs among college students. College students (N=994) from 26 colleges and universities in New York State were studied to determine the extent of forced sex and rape experiences. Additionally, they were studied to determine if…

Parrot, Andrea

497

Spiritual Struggle and Adjustment to Loss in College Students: Moderation by Denomination  

Microsoft Academic Search

During their college years, students experience a variety of life transitions, including significant gains and losses. Spiritual transformations and struggles surrounding religious faith are also common during college. Despite its prominence, little is known about how spiritual struggle influences college students' adjustment to loss and whether the relationship differs by religious denomination. In a longitudinal study of college students dealing

Jennifer H. Wortmann; Crystal L. Park; Donald Edmondson

2012-01-01

498

A Comparative Study of Campus Experiences of College Students with Mental Illnesses versus a General College Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Examine campus experiences and relationships of college students with mental illnesses compared to general student norms using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire to understand potential sources of distress and retention issues. Participants: Responses were obtained from 449 former and current students with mental illnesses…

Salzer, Mark S.

2012-01-01

499

How College Science Students Engage in Note-Taking Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A composite theory of college science student note-taking strategies was derived from a periodic series of five interviews with 23 students and with other variables, including original and final versions of notes analyzed during a semester-long genetics course. This evolving composite theory was later compared with Van Meter, Yokoi, and Pressley's…

Bonner, Janice M.; Holliday, William G.

2006-01-01

500

College Student Engagement Surveys: Implications for Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians have led the way for information literacy skills and abilities to be more integrated throughout the curriculum, and students are expected to demonstrate competency in finding, evaluating, and using information at many colleges and universities as part of the institution's curricular requirements and student learning outcomes. As part of…

Gratch-Lindauer, Bonnie

2008-01-01