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1

Southwire's strategic energy plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

One indication that the Corporate Energy Management (CEM) program of Southwire Co. of Carrollton, Georgia is successful is the 41% drop in energy used per pound of product between 1980 and 1984, which saved the company about $20 million. To meet the need for more formal planning, the company is developing a strategic energy plant that will establish goals, allocate

J. Kopfle; N. Vason

2009-01-01

2

Guam Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

Describes various energy strategies available to Guam to meet the territory's goal of diversifying fuel sources and reducing fossil energy consumption 20% by 2020.The information presented in this strategic energy plan will be used by the Guam Energy Task Force to develop an energy action plan. Available energy strategies include policy changes, education and outreach, reducing energy consumption at federal facilities, and expanding the use of a range of energy technologies, including buildings energy efficiency and conservation, renewable electricity production, and alternative transportation. The strategies are categorized based on the time required to implement them.

Conrad, M. D.

2013-07-01

3

Energy, Colonialism, and the American West.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy development has led many people concerned with the American West to consider it a powerless colony of outside interests. The characteristics of colonies, particularly external control by energy companies and the federal government, and the applicability of these characteristics to the West are discussed. (IS)

Warren, Eugene H., Jr.

1983-01-01

4

Energy research strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

Research and development is an essential element of economic prosperity and a traditional source of strength for the U.S. economy. During the past two decades, the way of introducing technological developments into the national economy has changed steadily. Previously, industry did most long-term technology development and some basic research with private funding. Today, the Nation`s industry relies mostly on federally-funded research to provide the knowledge base that leads to new technologies and economic growth. In the 1980s, U.S. firms lost major technology markets to foreign competition. In response, many firms increased emphasis on technology development for near term payoff while decreasing long term research for new technology. The purpose of the Office of Energy Research of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is to provide basic research and technology development that triggers and drives economic development and helps maintain U.S. world leadership in science. We do so through programs of basic and applied research that support the Department`s energy, environmental and national defense missions and that provide the foundation for technical advancement. We do so by emphasizing research that maintains our world leadership in science, mathematics, and engineering and through partnerships with universities, National Laboratories, and industries across the Nation.

NONE

1995-08-01

5

The New Approach to Strategic Energy Planning  

E-print Network

. In this new environment, improved productivity and cost-competitiveness benefits the supplier and industry alike. To place this new approach in perspective, the six key steps to strategic energy planning are reviewed....

Friedman, N. R.

6

NANA Strategic Energy Plan & Energy Options Analysis  

SciTech Connect

NANA Strategic Energy Plan summary NRC, as an Alaska Native Corporation, has committed to addressing the energy needs for its shareholders. The project framework calls for implicit involvement of the IRA Councils in the Steering Committee. Tribal Members, from the NRC to individual communities, will be involved in development of the NANA Energy Plan. NRC, as the lead tribal entity, will serve as the project director of the proposed effort. The NRC team has communicated with various governmental and policy stakeholders via meetings and discussions, including Denali Commission, Alaska Energy Authority, and other governmental stakeholders. Work sessions have been initiated with the Alaska Village Electric Cooperative, the NW Arctic Borough, and Kotzebue Electric Association. The NRC Strategic Energy Plan (SEP) Steering committee met monthly through April and May and weekly starting in June 2008 in preparation of the energy summit that was held from July 29-31, 2008. During preparations for the energy summit and afterwards, there was follow through and development of project concepts for consideration. The NANA regional energy summit was held from July 29-31, 2008, and brought together people from all communities of the Northwest Arctic Borough. The effort was planned in conjunction with the Alaska Energy Authority’s state-wide energy planning efforts. Over $80,000 in cash contributions was collected from various donors to assist with travel from communities and to develop the summit project. Available funding resources have been identified and requirements reviewed, including the Denali Commission, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, and the Alaska Energy Authority. A component of the overall plan will be a discussion of energy funding and financing. There are current project concepts submitted, or are ready for submittal, in the region for the following areas: • Wind-diesel in Deering, Buckland, Noorik, and Kiana areas; potential development around Red Dog mine. • Biomass Feasibility analysis in the upper Kobuk; • Run of the river hydroelectric development for the Upper Kobuk; • Solar photovoltaic (PV) power demonstration projects for Noatak, Ambler, Selawik, Kiana, and Noorvik; • Heat Recovery for several communities; In September 2008, the NRC team participated at the Alaska Rural Energy Conference in Girdwood, Alaska In November 2008, the NRC team gave a presentation on the NANA regional energy plans at a DOE Tribal Energy Program conference in Denver, Colorado. In January 2009, the final SEP report was submitted to NRC.

Jay Hermanson; Brian Yanity

2008-12-31

7

75 FR 45111 - Electric Quarterly Reports; Strategic Energy Management Corp.; Solaro Energy Marketing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Quarterly Reports; Strategic Energy Management Corp.; Solaro Energy Marketing...Commission directed Strategic Energy Management Corp. and Solaro Energy Marketing...the June 25 Order (Strategic Energy Management Corp. and Solaro Energy...

2010-08-02

8

Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the “First Steps” phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribe’s plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: • Develop the Tribe’s energy goals and objectives • Establish the Tribe’s current energy usage • Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options • Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives • Create an action plan for the selected options

Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

2009-01-30

9

Samish Indian Nation Long-Term Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Tribes strategic energy planning effort is divided into three phases: (1) Completing an Energy Resource Assessment; (2) Developing a Long-Term Strategic Energy Plan; and (3) Preparing a Strategic Energy Implementation Plan for the Samish Homelands. The Samish Indian Nation developed a comprehensive Strategic Energy plan to set policy for future development on tribal land that consists of a long-term, integrated, systems approach to providing a framework under which the Samish Community can use resources efficiently, create energy-efficient infrastructures, and protect and enhance quality of life. Development of the Strategic Energy plan will help the Samish Nation create a healthy community that will sustain current and future generations by addressing economic, environmental, and social issues while respecting the Samish Indian Nation culture and traditions.

Christine Woodward; B. Beckley; K. Hagen

2005-06-30

10

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

Describes various energy strategies available to CNMI to meet the territory's goal of diversifying fuel sources and reducing fossil energy consumption. The information presented in this strategic energy plan will be used by the CNMI Governor's Energy Task Force to develop an energy action plan. Available energy strategies include policy changes, education and outreach, and expanding the use of a range of energy technologies, including renewable electricity production and buildings energy efficiency and conservation.

Conrad, M. D.; Ness, J. E.

2013-07-01

11

Energy security and strategic petroleum reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embargo by the OPEC nations during the winter of 1973-74 caused the United States substantial losses in Gross National Product. In 1975, Congress authorized the establishment of a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Underground salt domes were chosen due to lower development costs, the capability to withdraw oil at high flow rates, and the maximum security they provided. The Texas-Louisiana

Charles L. Steinkamp

1984-01-01

12

Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-first century energy challenges include demand growth, national energy security, and global climate protection. The Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) is a public/private partnership between the State of Idaho and its academic research institutions, the federal government through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) managed by the Battelle Energy Alliance (BEA). CAES serves to advance energy security for our nation by expanding the educational opportunities at the Idaho universities in energy-related areas, creating new capabilities within its member institutions, and delivering technological innovations leading to technology-based economic development for the intermountain region. CAES has developed this strategic plan based on the Balanced Scorecard approach. A Strategy Map (Section 7) summarizes the CAES vision, mission, customers, and strategic objectives. Identified strategic objectives encompass specific outcomes related to three main areas: Research, Education, and Policy. Technical capabilities and critical enablers needed to support these objectives are also identified. This CAES strategic plan aligns with and supports the strategic objectives of the four CAES institutions. Implementation actions are also presented which will be used to monitor progress towards fulfilling these objectives.

Kevin Kostelnik; Keith Perry

2007-07-01

13

Steps to Developing the New Orleans Strategic Energy Plan (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation was given by NREL's Elizabeth Doris (Brown) to the New Orleans City Council in January 2008. NREL was funded by DOE to provide technical assistance to New Orleans after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. The presentation provides an overview of strategic energy planning, case studies, and suggested next steps for implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy into the city's rebuilding efforts.

Brown, E.

2011-01-01

14

Penobscot Indian Nation's Strategic Energy Planning Efficiency on tribal Lands  

SciTech Connect

The energy grant provided the resources to evaluate the wind, hydro, biomass, geothermal and solar resource potential on all Penobscot Indian Naiton's Tribal lands. The two objectives address potential renewable energy resources available on tribal lands and energy efficiency measures to be taken after comprehensive energy audits of commercial facilities. Also, a Long Term Strategic Energy Plan was developed along with a plan to reduce high energy costs.

Sockalexis, Mike; Fields, Brenda

2006-11-30

15

Final Report for the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Planning Project  

SciTech Connect

In 2011 the Tribe was awarded funds from the Department of Energy to formulate the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan. This will be a guiding document used throughout the planning of projects focused on energy reduction on the Reservation. The Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan's goal is to create a Five Year Energy Plan for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians in San Jacinto, California. This plan will guide the decision making process towards consistent progress leading to the Tribal goal of a 25% reduction in energy consumption in the next five years. It will additionally outline energy usage/patterns and will edentify areas the Tribe can decrease energy use and increase efficiency. The report documents activities undertaken under the grant, as well as incldues the Tribe's strategif energy plan.

Miller, Kim [EPA Specialist] [EPA Specialist

2013-09-17

16

Energy policy examined as strategic petroleum reserve is extended  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews the agreement to extent the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SRV) for 4 more years to 1994, include in the reserve refined products,allows drawdown of reserves without a severe energy supply emergency', allows lease of reserves instead of purchase, allows for testing of drawdown capabilities. Also addressed is the call by political leaders for the development of a national energy policy.

Yates, M.

1990-10-11

17

Energy in the Mountain West: Colonialism and Independence  

SciTech Connect

In many ways, the mountain west (Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming) is an energy colony for the rest of the United States: it is rich in energy resources that are extracted to fuel economic growth in the wealthier and more populous coastal regions. Federal agencies and global corporations often behave as if the mountain west is a place to be exploited or managed for the benefit of customers and consumers elsewhere. Yet, the area. is not vast empty space with a limitless supply of natural resources, but rather a fast-growing region with a diverse economic base dependent on a limited supply of water. New decision processes and collaborations are slowly changing this situation, but in a piecemeal fashion that places local communities at odds with powerful external interests. Proper planning of major development is needed to insure that the west has a strong economic and cultural future after the fossil energy resources decline, even if that might be a century from now. To encourage the necessary public discussions, this paper identifies key differences between the mountain west and the rest of the United States and suggests some holistic approaches that could improve our future. This paper is designed to provoke thought and discussion; it does not report new analyses on energy resources or usage. It is a summary of a large group effort.

Steven Piet; Lloyd Brown; Robert Cherry; Craig Cooper; Harold Heydt; Richard Holman; Travis McLing

2007-08-01

18

1997 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

With the end of the Cold War and the election of President Clinton, the Department of Energy (DOE) set a new course which began with the publication of its first departmental strategic plan in April 1994. Entitled ``Fueling a Competitive Economy, it provided the framework and shared vision for meeting responsibilities in energy, national security, environmental quality, and science and technology. The strategic plan was the guidepost for the formulation of the Department`s FY 1996, FY 1997, and FY 1998 budgets and was critical to the development of the Department`s Strategic Alignment Initiative, designed to save $1.7 billion over five years. This current plan, which has been significantly improved through a very close consultation process with Congress and customers stakeholders, takes DOE to the next important performance level by being more directly linked to actions and results. It defines a strategic goal for each of the Department`s four business lines and, in the spirit of the Government Performance and Results Act and the National Performance Review, identifies a fifth goal addressing corporate management. Reengineering the business practices, managing for results, being open with neighbors and stakeholders, and ensuring the safety and health of DOE workers and the public are, and will continue to be, among the highest of priorities. Over the coming years, DOE plans to achieve their strategic goals through specific identifiable strategies. Each business line has clear objectives and straightforward ways of defining whether DOE has succeeded in meeting those objectives.

None,

1997-09-01

19

Thailand's energy security: Strategic Petroleum Reserve and its economic impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation studies Thailand's energy security from three related perspectives, the role of oil on the Thai macroeconomy, the sectoral demand for oil in Thailand, and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) policy for the Thai economy. The first part of my dissertation estimates an error correction model of aggregate production function for Thailand. Thai economic growth is modeled as a

Poonpat Leesombatpiboon

2010-01-01

20

ESnet - the energy sciences network strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Program is to provide a highly capable and reliable communications infrastructure that supports the Department of Energy`s (DOE) missions and enables DOE researchers to tap the power of leading-edge information technologies. ESnet provides an essential infrastructure that enhances national competitiveness and accelerates the development of future generations of high-performance, distributed computing systems and networks. These computing systems and networks are vital to modern scientific research. In addition, they enable development of new approaches to energy management, environmental restoration and waste management, national security, industrial processing, and health care, and also facilitate public access to government information. Extensive networks developed by the DOE`s high-energy physics and fusion energy research communities were the forerunners of the ESnet. These networks initially provided improved access to high-energy accelerator sites and to the Magnetic Fusion Energy Supercomputer Center, which opened at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1974.

NONE

1996-12-01

21

Strategic plan for the geothermal energy program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Geothermal energy (natural heat in the Earth's crust) represents a truly enormous amount of energy. The heat content of domestic geothermal resources is estimated to be 70,000,000 quads, equivalent to a 750,000-year supply of energy for the entire Nation ...

1998-01-01

22

Pareto Ant Colony Algorithm for Building Life Cycle Energy Consumption Optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This article aims at realizing optimal building energy consumption in its whole life cycle, and develops building life cycle\\u000a energy consumption model (BLCECM), as well as optimizes the model by Ant Colony Algorithm (ACA). Aiming at the complexity\\u000a and multi-objective principle of building life cycle energy consumption, this research tries to modify Pareto Ant Colony Algorithm\\u000a (PACA), making it fit

Yan Yuan; Jingling Yuan; Hongfu Du; Li Li

23

Energy Security, Oil Shocks and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Energy Security, Oil Shocks and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is a Website created by Paul N. Leiby of the Resource Analysis Section and Center for Transportation Analysis of the Energy Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The site offers a collection of papers and reports examining the SPR, which is described as an "emergency supply of crude oil stored in huge underground salt caverns along the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico." The papers and reports span the years 1997 to 1999 and cover Oak Ridge National Laboratory's research on this topic, including papers on oil imports and the cost of benefits, strategic petroleum reserves, and macroeconomic cost of oil price shocks. Be sure to check out the SPR description through a small link at the bottom of the page, which gives an information-rich overview of the SPR and links to the Department of Energy's SPR homepage.

24

Pulp & Paper Industry- A Strategic Energy Review  

E-print Network

The pulp and paper industry with yearly energy purchases of $5 billion per year including 50 billion kWh of power is one of the largest industrial energy producers in the U.S. However, structural changes in the global pulp and paper industry could...

Stapley, C. E.

25

Managing the Transition State for Energy Strategic Planning  

E-print Network

Planning," Strategic Planning and Energy Management, Vol 4, No 2, 1984, P 19. 3. Ibid, P 20. 4. Spiller, Larry N., "The Energy Wolf is Still Out There," Harvard Business Review, January-February 1985, pp 124-127. 5. Govindan, T. S., "The..., p 9. 13. Peters, Thomas J.; Waterman Jr., Robert H., In Search of Excellence, Harper & RoW, New York, NY, 1982, P 122. 278 ESL-IE-86-06-43 Proceedings from the Eighth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, June 17...

Koehler, T. A.

26

Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

2006-11-30

27

2011 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Department of Energy is to ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions. Goal 1 is to catalyze the timely, material, and efficient transformation of the nation's energy system and secure U.S. leadership in clean energy technologies. Goal 2 is to maintain a vibrant U.S. effort in science and engineering as a cornerstone of our economic prosperity with clear leadership in strategic areas. Goal 3 is to enhance nuclear security through defense, nonproliferation, and environmental efforts. Goal 4 is to establish an operational and adaptable framework that combines the best wisdom of all Department stakeholders to maximize mission success.

None

2011-05-01

28

A Strategic Program Plan for Fusion Energy Sciences Fusion Energy Sciences  

E-print Network

Energy: Only during this past century have scientists discovered that the sun and stars produceA Strategic Program Plan for Fusion Energy Sciences 1 Fusion Energy Sciences #12;2 Bringing with our dependence on oil and other fossil fuels will largely disap- pear. We will have achieved energy

29

Developing The Organized Village of Kasaan's Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal of this project is to create a Tribal Energy Action Plan that will serve as the Tribe�s blueprint for creating long term energy self�sufficiency. The Plan will be developed with input from a committed group of key stakeholders and landowners in the area, will be based on sound data and research, and will address both �supply�side� options of the development of sustainable energy sources, as well as �demand-side� options for reducing energy consumption. The resulting plan will include defined comprehensive energy strategies and built upon a baseline assessment of where the Tribe currently is in terms of alternative and renewable energy activities; a vision of where the Tribe wants to go; and an action plan of how the Tribe will reach its vision including the identification of viable energy options based on the long-term strategic plan of the Tribe.

Hamar Glenn P

2013-02-19

30

Strategic Energy Management Plan For Fort Buchanan, Puerto Rico  

SciTech Connect

This document reports findings and recommendations as a result of a design assistance project with Fort Buchanan with the goals of developing a Strategic Energy Management Plan for the Site. A strategy has been developed with three major elements in mind: 1) development of a strong foundation from which to build, 2) understanding technologies that are available, and 3) exploring financing options to fund the implementation of improvements. The objective of this report is to outline a strategy that can be used by Fort Buchanan to further establish an effective energy management program. Once a strategy is accepted, the next step is to take action. Some of the strategies defined in this Plan may be implemented directly. Other strategies may require the development of a more sophisticated tactical, or operational, plan to detail a roadmap that will lead to successful realization of the goal. Similarly, some strategies are not single events. Rather, some strategies will require continuous efforts to maintain diligence or to change the culture of the Base occupants and their efforts to conserve energy resources.

Parker, Steven A.; Hunt, W. D.

2001-10-31

31

STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN Prepared in Support of the 2007 B. B. Blevins Executive Director #12; i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The 2007 Strategic Transmission Kondoleon, Chuck Najarian. 2007 Strategic Transmission Investment Plan. California Energy Commission

32

Strategic Research Orientation `NanoMaterials for Energy' 1 Energy projects within MESA+ research groups, February 2013  

E-print Network

Strategic Research Orientation `NanoMaterials for Energy' 1 Energy projectsMaterials for Energy' Information: www.utwente.nl/mesaplus/nme/ Project title Group Ph water splitting and CO2 reduction OS / PCS Sun-Young Park Jennifer Herek

Twente, Universiteit

33

Jicarilla Apache Utility Authority Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Strategic Planning  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Strategic Plan Report is to provide an introduction and in-depth analysis of the issues and opportunities, resources, and technologies of energy efficiency and renewable energy that have potential beneficial application for the people of the Jicarilla Apache Nation and surrounding communities. The Report seeks to draw on the best available information that existed at the time of writing, and where necessary, draws on new research to assess this potential. This study provides a strategic assessment of opportunities for maximizing the potential for electrical energy efficiency and renewable energy development by the Jicarilla Apache Nation. The report analyzes electricity use on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in buildings. The report also assesses particular resources and technologies in detail, including energy efficiency, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and small hydropower. The closing sections set out the elements of a multi-year, multi-phase strategy for development of resources to the maximum benefit of the Nation.

Rabago, K.R.

2008-06-28

34

An Energy Aware Ant Colony Algorithm for the Routing of Wireless Sensor Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the characteristics of routing protocol for wireless sensor networks, an energy aware ant colony algorithm (EAACA) for the routing of wireless sensor networks is proposed in this paper. When EAACA routing protocol chooses the next neighbor node, not only the distance of sink node, but also the residual energy of the next node and the path of the average energy are taken into account. Theoretical analysis and simulation results show that compared with the traditional ACA algorithm for the routing of wireless sensor network, EAACA routing protocol balances the energy consumption of nodes in the network and extends the network lifetime.

Cheng, Deqiang; Xun, Yangyang; Zhou, Ting; Li, Wenjie

35

Critical Metals in Strategic Low-carbon Energy Technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the rapid growth in demand for certain materials, compounded by political risks associated with the geographical concentration of the supply of them, shortages of materials could be a potential bottleneck to the deployment of low-carbon energy technologies. Consequently, an assessment has been carried out to ascertain whether such shortages could jeopardise the objectives of the EU's Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan), especially in the six low-carbon energy technologies of SET-Plan, namely: nuclear, solar, wind, bioenergy, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and electricity grids. The assessment identified 14 metals for which the deployment of the six technologies will require 1% or more (and in some cases, much more) of current world supply per annum between 2020 and 2030. Following a more critical examination, based on the likelihood of rapid future global demand growth, limitations to expanding supply in the short to medium term, and the concentration of supply and political risks associated with key suppliers, 5 of the 14 metals were pinpointed to be at high risk, namely: the rare earth metals neodymium and dysprosium (for wind technology), and the by-products (from the processing of other metals) indium, tellurium and gallium (for photovoltaic technologies). In addition, the work has explored potential mitigation strategies, ranging from expanding European output, increasing recycling and reuse to reducing waste and finding substitutes for these metals in their main applications. Furthermore, recommendations are provided which include closely working with the EU's Raw Materials Initiative; supporting efforts to ensure reliable supply of ore concentrates at competitive prices; promoting R&D and demonstration projects on new lower cost separation processes; and promoting the further development of recycling technologies and increasing end-of-life collection

Moss, R. L.

2012-04-01

36

STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN Prepared in Support of the 2007. Blevins #12; i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The 2007 Strategic Transmission Investment Plan was prepared: Bartridge, James, Judy Grau, Mark Hesters, Don Kondoleon, Chuck Najarian. 2007 Strategic Transmission

37

Thailand's energy security: Strategic Petroleum Reserve and its economic impacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation studies Thailand's energy security from three related perspectives, the role of oil on the Thai macroeconomy, the sectoral demand for oil in Thailand, and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) policy for the Thai economy. The first part of my dissertation estimates an error correction model of aggregate production function for Thailand. Thai economic growth is modeled as a function of labor, capital, and oil consumption. Unlike previous studies that focus on testing the causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth, I focus on measuring the elasticity of economic growth with respect to oil consumption and oil prices. I find a cointegration relationship between GDP, capital, labor, and oil consumption. The results suggest that there exists a constant-return-to-scale characteristic in Thailand's aggregate production function with the contribution of labor, oil, and capital to output around 68, 19, and 13 percent respectively. The long-run and short-run contribution of oil consumption to the economy appears to be fairly close, suggesting that oil has a critical role in the Thai economy. In the short run, oil shortages have a much more severe impact on Thai economy than the effects of an oil price shock. For example, a 10 percent shortfall in oil consumption might cause economic growth to shrink by 2 percent within the same year while a sharp10 percent rise in oil prices canlead output growth to a fall by about 0.5 percent. The response of output to increases and decreases in oil prices is found to be asymmetric in the short run. The second part of my dissertation examines the short-run and long-run determinants of final oil consumption in seven major economic sectors in Thailand. Two different approaches are compared. The first approach uses dynamic panel data estimation techniques taking into account oil consumption of the whole economy in an aggregate manner. The second approach employs the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ADL) error correction framework to model oil demand in each economic sector separately. The results show that the dynamic panel data approach appears to give estimates consistent with the economic theory. The signs on the coefficients are correct and the magnitude of long-run responses is larger than that of the short-run responses. The single sector model approach yields similar but richer results. Since constant slopes are not imposed across sectors the characteristics and dynamics and responses can differ across sectors. The third part of my dissertation develops a simple Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) model to investigate the economic consequences of the SPR for a "small oil-importing economy." This economy is subject to the risk of oil shocks. Government policy-makers attempt to mitigate the macroeconomic impacts of the shocks by establishing a SPR. The assigned values of the parameters in the model aim to reflect the basic characteristics of the Thai economy. The simulation results show that the impulse responses of key economic variables for different degrees of oil shocks follow the same pattern. When the degree of the shock increases, the magnitude of the stock drawdown increases, which helps lower the negative impact on economic welfare. I examine the welfare effects from alternative sizes of the SPR and the opportunity cost for the economy that result when it has to sacrifice additional resources to maintain and operate the SPR. This lowers the level of resources available for production and consumption in the long run. There exists a trade-off relationship between the sacrificed welfare in the long run and the less volatile welfare in the short run.

Leesombatpiboon, Poonpat

38

My Moon Colony  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to the futuristic concept of the moon as a place people can inhabit. They brainstorm what people would need to live on the moon and then design a fantastic Moon colony and decide how to power it. Student use the engineering design process, which includes researching various types of energy sources and evaluating which would be best for their moon colonies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

39

Fusion Energy for Power Production: Status Assessment, Identification of Challenges and Strategic Plan for Commercialization  

E-print Network

Plan for Commercialization March 2011 Phase I. Status Assessment and Identification of Challenges ­ developing a strategic plan (or roadmap) for commercialization of fusion energy for power production using for Commercialization Objective: Based on the most promising fusion technology identified in Phase I, develop

40

AN EVALUATION OF THE STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE PROGRAM OF THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States Department of Energy is required by law to plan, acquire, store, and maintain a Strategic Petroleum Reserve of crude oil and petroleum products. This is to be used if there is an interruption in crude oil supply. The plan is described and then analyzed with a linear programming model. The results show that the plan is generally

Jeffrey P. Osleeb

1979-01-01

41

10 Strategic Steps to Reducing Your Energy Costs  

E-print Network

responsible and reduce harmful emissions. Energy management can accomplish both conservation and emission goals- plus, it lowers utility costs and strengthens your bottom line! In the past, reasonably priced energy made it difficult to justify new conservation...

Swanson, G. A.; Haley, M.

2005-01-01

42

Strategic plan for the restructured US fusion energy sciences program  

SciTech Connect

This plan reflects a transition to a restructured fusion program, with a change in focus from an energy technology development program to a fusion energy sciences program. Since the energy crisis of the early 1970`s, the U.S. fusion program has presented itself as a goal- oriented fusion energy development program, with milestones that required rapidly increasing budgets. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 also called for a goal-oriented development program consistent with the Department`s planning. Actual funding levels, however, have forced a premature narrowing of the program to the tokamak approach. By 1995, with no clear, immediate need driving the schedule for developing fusion energy and with enormous pressure to reduce discretionary spending, Congress cut fusion program funding for FY 1996 by one-third and called for a major restructuring of the program. Based on the recommendations of the Fusion Energy Advisory Committee (FEAC), the Department has decided to pursue a program that concentrates on world-class plasma, science, and on maintaining an involvement in fusion energy science through international collaboration. At the same time, the Japanese and Europeans, with energy situations different from ours, are continuing with their goal- oriented fusion programs. Collaboration with them provides a highly leveraged means of continued involvement in fusion energy science and technology, especially through participation in the engineering and design activities of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor program, ITER. This restructured fusion energy sciences program, with its focus on fundamental fusion science and technology, may well provide insights that lead to more attractive fusion power plants, and will make use of the scientific infrastructure that will allow the United States to launch a fusion energy development program at some future date.

NONE

1996-08-01

43

College of Engineering Energy Strategic Planning Committee: Interim Report  

E-print Network

photovoltaics, photocatalysis, fuel cells, battery and capacitor storage, gas turbines, nuclear fuels, nuclear hydrogen, geothermal, wind turbines, biofuels, ocean energy, thermoelectric, smart buildings, co

Fang, Yuguang "Michael"

44

Community Greening: How To Develop A Strategic Energy Plan, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides an overview of strategic electricity planning for communities, using a step-by-step approach to develop the plan. This method has a high chance of success, because it is based on stakeholder buy-in and political commitment. Not all communities will need to follow all steps, but the process is designed to incorporate all parties, maximize solution-based thinking, and develop a plan that can be carried out by community leaders.

Not Available

2010-02-01

45

Strategic Energy Management Plan for the 1990's  

E-print Network

major segment of TI with 1986 net sales billed (NSB) exceeding $1.7 billion. DSEG designs, develops, and produces state-of-the-art defense systems and electronics in several major areas incliding radar/avionics, missile guidance FIGURE 1. ENERGY... major segment of TI with 1986 net sales billed (NSB) exceeding $1.7 billion. DSEG designs, develops, and produces state-of-the-art defense systems and electronics in several major areas incliding radar/avionics, missile guidance FIGURE 1. ENERGY...

Fiorino, D. P.; Priest, J. W.

1987-01-01

46

Evaluating conformational free energies: The colony energy and its application to the problem of loop prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce a method to account for the shape of the potential energy curve in the evaluation of conformational free energies. The method is based on a procedure that generates a set of conformations, each with its own force-field energy, but adds a term to this energy that favors conformations that are close in structure (have a

Zhexin Xiang; Cinque S. Soto; Barry Honig

2002-01-01

47

Strategic Eurasian Natural Gas Model for Energy Security  

E-print Network

fossil fuels (such as coal or oil).4 In 2009, natural gas consumption in the EU totalled 503 billion cubic metres (bcm) (or about a quarter of total primary energy consumption) (IEA, 2010). By 2030, consumption was projected to grow at an average...

Chyong, Chi-Kong; Hobbs, Benjamin F.

2011-04-06

48

Strategic position and development prospects of nuclear energy in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

By analyzing the challenges of China’s energy supply, an excellent perspective of nuclear power development in the country\\u000a has been described. Taking into account the near-, mid-, and long-term development requirements, a comprehensive, coordinated\\u000a and sustainable nuclear power program is proposed. Thus, our national nuclear industry can not only catch up with the world’s\\u000a advanced level in proper time, but

Wenquan Shen

2007-01-01

49

Tactical Action Plan: Powering the Energy Frontier (An Appendix to the Strategic Roadmap 2024)  

SciTech Connect

The Tactical Action Plan identifies and describes the Western-wide tasks and activities, existing and new, needed to fully achieve the goals in Strategic Roadmap 2024. Each activity in the TAP chart is briefly described in this document and also linked to the Critical Pathway it supports. As the TAP is a list of specific strategies and actions susceptible to changing environments and needs, the TAP will be updated more frequently as Western progresses towards its goals. The TAP is organized into seven Strategic Target Areas that serve as Western’s priorities and areas of focus for the next two to three years. These Target Areas are: Power and Transmission Related Services; Energy Infrastructure; Partnership and Innovation; Asset Management; Safety and Security; Communication; and Human Capital Management and Organization Structure. Target Areas are also used to create the agency’s annual performance targets, which measure progress and implementation of the TAP, and the status of which will be reported regularly.

none,

2014-01-01

50

1994 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Fueling a Competitive Economy  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy has a rich heritage of meeting important national goals in the areas of energy, national security, science, and technology. The end of the Cold War, and the election of President Clinton, have given us a new national agenda. Through a comprehensive strategic planning process, we have determined that the Department must now unleash its extraordinary scientific and technical talent and resources on new and more sharply focused goals: fueling a competitive economy, improving the environment through waste management and pollution prevention, and reducing the nuclear danger.

None,

1994-04-01

51

STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN Prepared in Support of the 2005 Summary and Recommendations ............................................................. 1 Transmission Transmission System Problems............................................................................. 4

52

STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN Prepared in Support of the 2005 ............................................................. 1 Transmission Planning and Permitting.............................................................................................. 2 Transmission System Problems

53

Colonial Williamsburg  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1926, at the urging of the Revered Dr. D.A.R. Goodwin, John D. Rockefeller Jr. began a complex and elaborate restoration project in the quiet town of Williamsburg that sought to preserve a few of the more important Revolutionary War-era buildings around the town. The project became increasingly ambitious, and eventually grew to encompass around 85 percent of the town's area from the 18th century. Today, Colonial Williamsburg is the world's largest living history museum, and is noted for its ability to incorporate and interpret diverse perspectives on America's colonial period. Those persons unable to visit Colonial Williamsburg in person may want to first peruse the "Explore & Learn" section of the site, where they can learn about the different social and ethnic groups that inhabited the town (such as African-American slaves and colonial children), and see the various buildings within the community. The archaeology section of the site is particularly compelling, as visitors can learn about the many ongoing projects underway, and younger users can learn about the practice of archaeology through various games, quizzes, and puzzles. Additionally, users can read selected articles from the organization's popular history magazine, "Colonial Williamsburg," dating back to 1992. [KMG

54

Colonial Landscape  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will identify manmade structures and the time periods in which they were created, learn how human endeavors affect the landscape, identify different types of plants that now grow wild as a result of colonial farming activity, and simulate colonial life by recreating foods that would have been produced at that time. First, they will go outside, examine the landscape, and imagine what would have been there three hundred years ago. They will be asked to examine the types of plants growing near the walls, plant some examples, and create recipes from the plants.

55

Energy Integration for 2050 - A Strategic Impact Model (2050 SIM), Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

The United States (U.S.) energy infrastructure is among the most reliable, accessible, and economic in the world. On the other hand, it is also excessively reliant on foreign energy sources, experiences high volatility in energy prices, does not always practice good stewardship of finite indigenous energy resources, and emits significant quantities of greenhouse gas. The U.S. Department of Energy is conducting research and development on advanced nuclear reactor concepts and technologies, including High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) technologies, directed at helping the United States meet its current and future energy challenges. This report discusses the Draft Strategic Impact Model (SIM), an initial version of which was created during the later part of FY-2010. SIM was developed to analyze and depict the benefits of various energy sources in meeting the energy demand and to provide an overall system understanding of the tradeoffs between building and using HTGRs versus other existing technologies for providing energy (heat and electricity) to various energy-use sectors in the United States. This report also provides the assumptions used in the model, the rationale for the methodology, and the references for the source documentation and source data used in developing the SIM.

Not Available

2010-10-01

56

Strategic development and growth of emerging renewable energy ventures from China : Real options through mergers and acquisitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Entrepreneurial ventures in the emerging renewable energy sector in China represent a variety of dynamic growth strategies that are stimulated by the domestic energy policy and the evolution of the value chain driven by technological advancements. This paper aims to examine the underlying real options among these first movers to proceed with their further strategic development and finance

Artie W. Ng; Jatin Nathwani

2011-01-01

57

U.S. Department of Energy clean cities five-year strategic plan.  

SciTech Connect

Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program, which is part of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Working with its network of about 100 local coalitions and more than 6,500 stakeholders across the country, Clean Cities delivers on its mission to reduce petroleum consumption in on-road transportation. In its work to reduce petroleum use, Clean Cities focuses on a portfolio of technologies that includes electric drive, propane, natural gas, renewable natural gas/biomethane, ethanol/E85, biodiesel/B20 and higher-level blends, fuel economy, and idle reduction. Over the past 17 years, Clean Cities coalitions have displaced more than 2.4 billion gallons of petroleum; they are on track to displace 2.5 billion gallons of gasoline per year by 2020. This Clean Cities Strategic Plan lays out an aggressive five-year agenda to help DOE Clean Cities and its network of coalitions and stakeholders accelerate the deployment of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles, while also expanding the supporting infrastructure to reduce petroleum use. Today, Clean Cities has a far larger opportunity to make an impact than at any time in its history because of its unprecedented $300 million allocation for community-based deployment projects from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) (see box below). Moreover, the Clean Cities annual budget has risen to $25 million for FY2010 and $35 million has been requested for FY2011. Designed as a living document, this strategic plan is grounded in the understanding that priorities will change annually as evolving technical, political, economic, business, and social considerations are woven into project decisions and funding allocations. The plan does not intend to lock Clean Cities into pathways that cannot change. Instead, with technology deployment at its core, the plan serves as a guide for decision-making at both the national and local levels of Clean Cities over the next five years. The plan recognizes the need for flexibility and sets out a strategic direction that will build on the progress of current technologies and new opportunities presented in emerging fuels and technologies, such as hydrogen and fuel cells, as well as new niche markets such as off-road applications that build additional throughput at existing alternative fuel stations.

Cambridge Concord Associates

2011-02-15

58

Plan for certification and related activities for the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil storage caverns  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to comply with state laws, protect the environment, and protect the national investment in oil stored, it is necessary to periodically verify the integrity of the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (DOE\\/SPR) oil storage caverns. The task of developing plans for cavern certification was a responsibility in Sandia's role of geotechnical support for the SPR program. As

Goin

1983-01-01

59

Hydrologic Change during the Colonial Era of the United States: Beavers and the Energy Cost of Impoundments (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Europeans colonized North America in the early 17th century with intentions ranging between long-term inhabitation and quick extraction of resources for economic gain in Europe. Whatever the intentions, the colonists relied on the landscape for resources resulting in dramatic change to the forest and fur-bearing mammal population. We demonstrate that initial exploitation of North American forest and furs caused a substantial decrease in mean water residence time (?) between 1600 and 1800 A.D. That loss, which regionally changed from 51 to 41 days, contrasts with conventional wisdom that humans tend to diminish variability in water resources by increasing storage capacity and thus increasing ?. The loss of ? resulted from over-hunted beaver for the hat market in Europe. Analysis suggests that colonial era demographics and economics did not allow human resource allocation to impoundment construction on a level matching the historic beaver effort. However, the ? appears to have regionally increased during the 19th century, suggesting that humans eventually began replacing the water storage lost with the beaver. The analysis highlights the energy cost of impounding water, which is likely to continue to be an important factor given the increasing need for stable water resources and finite energy resources.

Green, M. B.; Bain, D. J.; Arrigo, J. S.; Duncan, J. M.; Kumar, S.; Parolari, A.; Salant, N.; Vorosmarty, C. J.; Aloysius, N. R.; Bray, E. N.; Ruffing, C. M.; Witherell, B. B.

2009-12-01

60

Nitrogen leak test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (DOE\\/SPR) Well 102A at Bayou Choctaw  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nitrogen leak test was made of the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Well 102A at Bayou Choctaw in May to June 1982. The test indicated a well leak rate of 32 bbls\\/yr of nitrogen at a pressure of 1844 psia, well within the SPR leak rate criterion of 100 bbls\\/yr. The test was made with a layer of

Goin

1983-01-01

61

Pigouvian taxation of energy for flow and stock externalities and strategic, noncompetitive energy pricing  

SciTech Connect

The literature on energy and carbon taxes is by and large concerned about the derivation of (globally) efficient strategies. In contrast, this paper considers the dynamic interactions between cartelized energy suppliers and a consumers' government that collectively taxes energy carriers for Pigouvian motives. Two different kinds of external costs are associated with energy consumption: flow (e.g., acid rain) and stock externalities (e.g., global warming). The dynamic interactions between a consumers' government and a producers' cartel are modeled as a differential game with a subgame perfect Nash equilibrium in linear and nonlinear Markov strategies. The major implications are that the nonlinear solutions are Pareto-inferior to the linear strategies and energy suppliers may preempt energy taxation and thereby may raise the price at front; however, this effect diminishes over time because the producers' price declines, while taxes increase. 22 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Wirl, F. (Technical Univ. of Vienna (Austria))

1994-01-01

62

Establishing strategic energy assessment indicators for Zimbabwe: A key to improving electrical energy efficiency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Zimbabwe, there is still very little realization of the potential of demand side management (DSM) to increase industrial energy efficiency. Without clear guidelines that indicate the most economic energy efficiency strategies to implement, it is difficult for industry to easily evaluate the benefits of energy assessments. This research focused on establishing and evaluating indicators that guide correct implementation of energy assessments into Zimbabwean industry. This quantitative and qualitative study used a theoretic approach to develop indicators that identified industrial subsectors that should be targeted for DSM interventions. This may bring about reduction in energy demand in high power consuming Zimbabwean industrial companies, which were compared with energy utility performances of similar industrial companies in countries located in other parts of the world. This research used pattern-matching, categorical aggregation, and stochastic frontier regression analysis for data analysis. In maximizing electrical efficiency, the implications of this study may be used by individual companies in Zimbabwe to perform energy efficiency self-diagnoses, operational efficiency evaluations, and capital resource justifications. From a societal perspective, this study may benefit Zimbabwe because it provides opportunities for the alleviation of both shortages in power supply and the capital constraints of building new generating capacity. This study will also benefit ordinary Zimbabweans by lowering energy costs and providing reliable power. This promotes sustainable economic growth and lowers the need for foreign currency to import power.

Goto, Felix

63

California Long Term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan (CPUC, 2008) The Long Term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan (Plan) was developed through a collaborative process  

E-print Network

costeffective deep levels of energy efficiency improvements including building shell upgrades, highefficiency HVAC units, high performance lighting technologies and emerging deep energy reduction initiatives of and information on energy efficiency. Marketing of Energy Upgrade California statewide web portal

64

Strategizing needs Systems Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper identifies strategizing as a core process of strategic management. It contends that strategizing should be more than strategic planning and therefore needs strategic thinking which is systems thinking foremost. Four streams of influence on strategic thinking are discussed based on insights from research on strategy. The paper then concentrates on two aspects of strategizing: strategic consensus and strategic

Erich Zahn

65

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on Activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. This August 15, 1990, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1990, through June 30, 1990. 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-08-15

66

Strategic Conversations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic conversations are a series of targeted, individualized interactions with teachers that are designed to help them significantly improve their instruction. Unlike typical supervisory feedback, strategic conversations move in two directions. Together, the leader and the teacher identify problems and develop solutions to instructional…

Jackson, Robyn R.

2009-01-01

67

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facilities program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this November 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the status of storage facilities, oil acquisition, budget and costs of the Reserve during the period July 1, 1992, through September 30, 1992.

Not Available

1992-11-15

68

Colonial Invasions, Colonial Lives History 302  

E-print Network

;Examples of print primary source collections: The Broken Spears: the Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico Check QCAT for call numbers and location. Colonial Spanish America: a Documentary History Colonial Lives: Documents on Latin American History, 1550-1850 Letters and People of the Spanish Indies

Abolmaesumi, Purang

69

Strategic Planning of Communications and Knowledge Transfer for the Solar Energy Technologies Program  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Solar Communications Team is to get the right information to the right people at the right time in the right form at the right cost, and to measure the effectiveness of projects and our strategic communications plan. Our communications efforts in FY 2005 emphasized the following: 1) Reaching the Buildings and Consumer audiences (e.g., Solar Decathlon, International Builders' Show). 2) Developing and distributing critical program documents to key stakeholders (e.g., Solar Program Review Meeting Proceedings, Industry Roadmap, second Multi-Year Program Plan). 3) Conducting a gap analysis of communications products and evaluating their effectiveness. 4) Working with our program management to streamline business processes and improve communications of management expectations. 5) Developing and maintaining content for all Solar Program Web sites that reflect research and program accomplishments. 6) Representing the interests of the Solar Program at strategic events (technical conferences, meetings, workshops, community events).

Pedigo, S.; Nahan, R.; Moon, S.; Gwinner, D.; Zuboy, J.; Brooks, C.; Wilson, T.; Hassett, R.; Burt, W. B.

2005-11-01

70

A method for continuous direct calorimetric measurements of energy metabolism in intact hornet ( Vespa crabro) and honeybee ( Apis mellifera) colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The heat production rates of an intact hornet (Vespa crabro) colony and a honeybee (Apis mellifera) winter cluster were measured by means of direct calorimetry. Two camping cold boxes with Peltier elements as cooling systems were used as simple and inexpensive differential calorimeters. The boxes had a volume of 24 I and sensitivities of between 6.8 mV W?1 and 14.8

E. Schmolz; I. Lamprecht; B. Schricker

1995-01-01

71

Strategic Alliances  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information on the "Strategic Alliance to Advance Technological Education through Enhanced Mathematics, Science, Technology, and English Education at the Secondary Level", a partnership of the Rockford Valley Public Schools, Rock Valley College, and Northern Illinois University that sought to motivate and prepare high school students for technical careers in mathematics, science, technology, and English. Site materials include an unabridged version of the Strategic Alliances text, containing all research, evaluation, models, strategies, program content, external evaluator's perspective, and other information. The Supplements section includes curriculum modules for middle and high school students, a list of business participants, and a photo gallery of participants and activities. The Phys-Ma-Tech section includes integrated physics, mathematics, and technology curriculum modules, as well as a complete report on strategies, models, and research. There is also a downloadable version of the CD-ROM of the Strategic Alliances publication.

72

A Strategic Plan Is Just the Beginning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of strategic planning wears out institutions. Strategic planning, pursued with high purpose and energy, is enervating and exhausting. In this article, the author describes the value-added work of trustees in high-performing boards and discusses the role boards of trustees play as the process of continuous strategic planning unfolds.…

Wilson, E. B.

2009-01-01

73

Strategic Staffing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business and industry leaders do not flinch at the idea of placing top talent in struggling departments and divisions. This is not always the case in public education. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools made a bold statement to its community in its strategic plan by identifying two key reform levers--(1) an effective principal leading each school;…

Clark, Ann B.

2012-01-01

74

Form and metabolic scaling in colonial animals.  

PubMed

Benthic colonial organisms exhibit a wide variation in size and shape and provide excellent model systems for testing the predictions of models that describe the scaling of metabolic rate with organism size. We tested the hypothesis that colony form will influence metabolic scaling and its derivatives by characterising metabolic and propagule production rates in three species of freshwater bryozoans that vary in morphology and module organisation and which demonstrate two- and three-dimensional growth forms. The results were evaluated with respect to predictions from two models for metabolic scaling. Isometric metabolic scaling in two-dimensional colonies supported predictions of a model based on dynamic energy budget theory (DEB) and not those of a model based on fractally branching supply networks. This metabolic isometry appears to be achieved by equivalent energy budgets of edge and central modules, in one species (Cristatella mucedo) via linear growth and in a second species (Lophopus crystallinus) by colony fission. Allometric scaling characterised colonies of a three-dimensional species (Fredericella sultana), also providing support for the DEB model. Isometric scaling of propagule production rates for C. mucedo and F. sultana suggests that the number of propagules produced in colonies increases in direct proportion with the number of modules within colonies. Feeding currents generated by bryozoans function in both food capture and respiration, thus linking metabolic scaling with dynamics of self-shading and resource capture. Metabolic rates fundamentally dictate organismal performance (e.g. growth, reproduction) and, as we show here, are linked with colony form. Metabolic profiles and associated variation in colony form should therefore influence the outcome of biotic interactions in habitats dominated by colonial animals and may drive patterns of macroevolution. PMID:24265433

Hartikainen, Hanna; Humphries, Stuart; Okamura, Beth

2014-03-01

75

Social Studies; Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in grades seven through nine will examine and analyze the political organization, social structure, economic life, and values of the American Colonial period in this quinmester arranged American Studies course. Since the thirteen English Colonies effected the United States development, many of our nations foundations in government,…

Hanson, Paul S.

76

Spanish Colonial Settlement Development and colonial Latin  

E-print Network

reliance, and opportunity Sustainable development #12;Colonial Latin American development -- Spain cases #12;Latin American Political Independence · Political but not economic · 1810s-1820s protracted of Italian and Spanish labor by the millions · Innovations in land tenure in Argentina #12;Results

Lopez-Carr, David

77

Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan discusses the current energy use on the Lac du Flambeau Reservation, the current status of the Tribe's energy program, as well as the issues and concerns with energy on the reservation. This plan also identifies and outlines energy opportunities, goals, and objectives for the Tribe to accomplish. The overall goal of this plan is to address the energy situation of the reservation in a holistic manner for the maximum benefit to the Tribe. This plan is an evolving document that will be re-evaluated as the Tribe's energy situation changes.

Bryan Hoover

2009-11-16

78

Health, Climate Change and Energy Vulnerability: A Retrospective Assessment of Strategic Health Authority Policy and Practice in England  

PubMed Central

Background: A number of policy documents suggest that health services should be taking climate change and sustainability seriously and recommendations have been made to mitigate and adapt to the challenges health care providers will face. Actions include, for example, moving towards locally sourced food supplies, reducing waste, energy consumption and travel, and including sustainability in policies and strategies. A Strategic Health Authority (SHA) is part of the National Health Service (NHS) in England. They are responsible for developing strategies for the local health services and ensuring high-quality performance. They manage the NHS locally and are a key link between the U.K. Department of Health and the NHS. They also ensure that national priorities are integrated into local plans. Thus they are in a key position to influence policies and practices to mitigate and adapt to the impact of climate change and promote sustainability. Aim: The aim of this study was to review publicly available documents produced by Strategic Health Authorities (SHA) to assess the extent to which current activity and planning locally takes into consideration climate change and energy vulnerability. Methods: A retrospective thematic content analysis of publicly available materials was undertaken by two researchers over a six month period in 2008. These materials were obtained from the websites of the 10 SHAs in England. Materials included annual reports, plans, policies and strategy documents. Results: Of the 10 SHAs searched, 4 were found to have an absence of content related to climate change and sustainability. Of the remaining 6 SHAs that did include content related to climate change and energy vulnerability on their websites consistent themes were seen to emerge. These included commitment to a regional sustainability framework in collaboration with other agencies in the pursuit and promotion of sustainable development. Results indicate that many SHAs in England have yet to embrace sustainability, or to integrate preparations for climate change and energy vulnerability within their organisational strategies. Evidence also suggests that SHAs that have recognised the importance of sustainability within their documentation and policies have yet to fully demonstrate this in practice through the implementation of these policies. Conclusions: Further research is required to investigate means by which SHAs (U.K.) and agencies responsible for health service policy in other countries may be enabled to include a greater consideration of sustainability and climate change within their policies, and to find effective ways of implementing these policies within daily working practice. PMID:21572835

Richardson, J.; Kagawa, F.; Nichols, A.

2008-01-01

79

Strategic Energy Planning (Area 1) Consultants Reports to Citizen Potawatomi Nation Federally Recognized Indian Tribe  

SciTech Connect

The assets that Citizen Potawatomi Nation holds were evaluated to help define the strengths and weaknesses to be used in pursuing economic prosperity. With this baseline assessment, a Planning Team will create a vision for the tribe to integrate into long-term energy and business strategies. Identification of energy efficiency devices, systems and technologies was made, and an estimation of cost benefits of the more promising ideas is submitted for possible inclusion into the final energy plan. Multiple energy resources and sources were identified and their attributes were assessed to determine the appropriateness of each. Methods of saving energy were evaluated and reported on and potential revenue-generating sources that specifically fit the tribe were identified and reported. A primary goal is to create long-term energy strategies to explore development of tribal utility options and analyze renewable energy and energy efficiency options. Associated goals are to consider exploring energy efficiency and renewable economic development projects involving the following topics: (1) Home-scale projects may include construction of a home with energy efficiency or renewable energy features and retrofitting an existing home to add energy efficiency or renewable energy features. (2) Community-scale projects may include medium to large scale energy efficiency building construction, retrofit project, or installation of community renewable energy systems. (3) Small business development may include the creation of a tribal enterprise that would manufacture and distribute solar and wind powered equipment for ranches and farms or create a contracting business to include energy efficiency and renewable retrofits such as geothermal heat pumps. (4) Commercial-scale energy projects may include at a larger scale, the formation of a tribal utility formed to sell power to the commercial grid, or to transmit and distribute power throughout the tribal community, or hydrogen production, and propane and natural-gas distribution systems.

Smith, Marvin; Bose, James; Beier, Richard; Chang, Young Bae

2004-12-01

80

Strategic Industrial Energy Efficiency: Reduce Expenses, Build Revenues, and Control Risk  

E-print Network

Some manufacturing companies successfully boost their financial performance through optimized energy use. This leads not only to reduced energy consumption and associated environmental benefits, but also to capacity improvements that generate...

Russell, C.

2004-01-01

81

Technology Assessment: Strategic Energy Analysis Center (SEAC) 2012 Highlights (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet lists key analysis products produced by NREL in 2012. Like all NREL analysis products, these aim to increase the understanding of the current and future interactions and roles of energy policies, markets, resources, technologies, environmental impacts, and infrastructure. NREL analysis, data, and tools inform decisions as energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies advance from concept to commercial application.

Not Available

2013-02-01

82

Strategic environments (SWOT) for nuclear energy innovation in the 21. century  

Microsoft Academic Search

In prospecting the role of nuclear energy in a future society, it is necessary to foresee the social attitudes towards energy, economy and environment, and to analyze their interactions with the exploitation of nuclear energy itself. As those issues, this article looks upon the change of the socio-economic environment, the concerns about nuclear power and eco-environment, and the sustainability and

Tae Joon Lee; Keun-Bae Oh

2004-01-01

83

Strategic environments (SWOT) for nuclear energy innovation in the 21. century  

SciTech Connect

In prospecting the role of nuclear energy in a future society, it is necessary to foresee the social attitudes towards energy, economy and environment, and to analyze their interactions with the exploitation of nuclear energy itself. As those issues, this article looks upon the change of the socio-economic environment, the concerns about nuclear power and eco-environment, and the sustainability and limits of the energy resources, etc. With this perception, the so-called SWOT analysis is employed to identify the internal strengths (S) and/or weaknesses (W) of nuclear energy compared with other energy competitors on the basis of the evaluation of the external factors which are likely to play the roles of opportunities (O) for and/or threats (T) against the technological change in nuclear energy. (authors)

Lee, Tae Joon; Oh, Keun-Bae [Nuclear Policy Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, no 150, Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2004-07-01

84

Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

According to amendments to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act the target size of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is increased to 1 billion barrels, storage of oil not owned by the Federal Government is authorized, and the Reserve may be drawn down to alleviate an interruption in domestic supply. Congress appropriated $200.6 million for Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development, operation, and management during FY 1991. During calendar year 1990, 9.8 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. However, this quantity was offset by the sale of 3.9 million barrels during a test sale of the Reserve's oil in the fourth quarter. As of December 31, 1990, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 585.7 million barrels, a net increase of 5.8 million barrels over the 1989 year-end inventory of 579.9 million barrels. The Department has completed all major surface construction at the six SPR facilities, and cavern development is in progress to achieve 750 million barrels of storage by the end of 1991. During 1990, the Department of Energy conducted a test sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil (TEST SALE-90) to demonstrate the Reserve's drawdown and distribution capabilities. The test commenced on September 28, 1990, with the issuance of a Notice of Sale. Offers to purchase the oil were received on October 5, 1990 and contracts were awarded to eleven companies for a total of 3.925 million barrels by October 18, 1990. Deliveries of the oil to the purchasers commenced on October 19, 1990, and all deliveries were completed by December 2, 1990. The report gives details on all of these activities. 8 figs., 11 tabs.

Not Available

1991-02-15

85

U.S. Department of Energy clean cities five-year strategic plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program, which is part of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Working with its network of about 100 local coalitions and more than 6,500 stakeholders across the country, Clean Cities delivers on its mission to reduce petroleum consumption in on-road transportation. In

2011-01-01

86

EMSL Strategic Plan 2008  

SciTech Connect

This Strategic Plan is EMSL’s template for achieving our vision of simultaneous excellence in all aspects of our mission as a national scientific user facility. It reflects our understanding of the long-term stewardship we must work toward to meet the scientific challenges of the Department of Energy and the nation. During the next decade, we will implement the strategies contained in this Plan, working closely with the scientific community, our advisory committees, DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research, and other key stakeholders. This Strategic Plan is fully aligned with the strategic plans of DOE and its Office of Science. We recognize that shifts in science and technology, national priorities, and resources made available through the Federal budget process create planning uncertainties and, ultimately, a highly dynamic planning environment. Accordingly, this Strategic Plan should be viewed as a living document for which we will continually evaluate changing needs and opportunities posed by our stakeholders (i.e., DOE, users, staff, advisory committees), work closely with them to understand and respond to those changes, and align our strategy accordingly.

Campbell, Allison A.

2008-08-15

87

Strategic bargaining and pipeline politics: Confronting the credible commitment problem in Eurasian energy transit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resurgence of Russia's energy diplomacy animates debate among realists, who regard pipelines as instruments of competitive resource nationalism, and their critics, who treat them either as mechanisms for strengthening cooperation or reflecting ‘obsolescing bargains’ that empower transit states upon construction and operation. Yet, this debate conspicuously overlooks the variable record of the arbitrary disruption of Eurasian energy transit. This

Adam N. Stulberg

2012-01-01

88

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: United States energy security, oil politics, and petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The history of U.S. petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century, including the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) program, provides a case study of the economic and political aspects of national security, and shows the ways in which the American political economy influences national security. One key problem plagued federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals throughout the twentieth century. In a political economy which traditionally placed strong emphasis upon the sanctity of private property and free markets, could the government develop an emergency petroleum reserve policy despite opposition from the private sector? Previous literature on the SPR and oil-stockpiling programs has largely disregarded the historical perspective, focusing instead upon econometric models, suggesting future oil-stockpiling policy options. This study will also make conclusions about the future of governmental oil-stockpiling policies, particularly with regard to the SPR program, but it will do so informed by a systematic history of the emergency petroleum reserve impulse in the twentieth century. Through a study of the emergency petroleum reserve impulse, one can see how the American political economy of oil and energy changed over the twentieth century. As petroleum became crucial to the military and then economic security of the United States, the federal government sought to develop emergency petroleum reserves first for the military, then for the civilian economy. But while the American petroleum industry could deliver the energy "goods" to American energy consumers at a reasonable price, the companies reigned supreme in the political equation. While that was true, federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals conflicted with and were overwhelmed by the historic American tradition of individual economic and private property rights. The depletion of American petroleum reserves changed that political equation, and the ensuing energy crises of the 1970s not only brought the issue of national energy autonomy into the realm of national security considerations, but also allowed for an unprecedented level of government intervention into the marketplace of oil and energy in peacetime. The federal government assumed the role of protecting and serving the interests of energy consumers, a role which had previously been the sole purview of the private sector. What resulted was a complex, chaotic, and controversial regulatory nightmare that highlighted the deficiencies of micro-management, and stoked the political momentum for deregulation in the 1980s, which continued into the 1990s. Gradually, government micro-management of the energy economy was abandoned. That left the SPR, a passive, market-conforming policy tool as the government's primary mechanism for combating energy crises. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Beaubouef, Bruce Andre

89

Using Misbehavior to Analyze Strategic versus Aggregate Energy Minimization in Wireless  

E-print Network

in part by AFRL and NSF under ITR- 0312632 and IIS-0329738. The views expressed in this articles are those Laboratory (AFRL/EW), WPAFB, Dayton, OH I. INTRODUCTION Energy-efficiency is a critical concern in many wire

Wei, Shuangqing

90

Strategic environments for nuclear energy innovation in the next half century  

Microsoft Academic Search

In prospecting the role of nuclear energy in a future society, this article attempts to foresee the changes of the socio-economic environment including social attitudes, the economy and the environment, and to analyze their interactions with the exploitation of nuclear energy itself. With this perception, the so-called SWOT analysis is employed to identify the internal strengths (S) and\\/or weaknesses (W)

Tae Joon Lee; Kyung Hee Lee; Keun-Bae Oh

2007-01-01

91

Industrial Strategic Planning - A New Approach to Developing Energy Efficient Programs  

E-print Network

controls ? Tariffs ? Taxation - oil business one of biggest tax collee tors ? Environmental restriction ? Stability of OPEC Issue 8: SWitching to alternate energy sources This is an area in which much technological development is taking place... controls ? Tariffs ? Taxation - oil business one of biggest tax collee tors ? Environmental restriction ? Stability of OPEC Issue 8: SWitching to alternate energy sources This is an area in which much technological development is taking place...

Delgado, R. M.; Mitchell, G. M.

1983-01-01

92

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. This May 15, 1990, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1990 through March 31, 1990. 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-05-15

93

Fusion Power: A Strategic Choice for the Future Energy Provision. Why is So Much Time Wasted for Decision Making?  

SciTech Connect

From a general analysis of the world energy issue, it is argued that an affordable, clean and reliable energy supply will have to consist of a portfolio of primary energy sources, a large fraction of which will be converted to a secondary carrier in large baseload plants. Because of all future uncertainties, it would be irresponsible not to include thermonuclear fusion as one of the future possibilities for electricity generation.The author tries to understand why nuclear-fusion research is not considered of strategic importance by the major world powers. The fusion programs of the USA and Europe are taken as prime examples to illustrate the 'hesitation'. Europe is now advocating a socalled 'fast-track' approach, thereby seemingly abandoning the 'classic' time frame towards fusion that it has projected for many years. The US 'oscillatory' attitude towards ITER in relation to its domestic program is a second case study that is looked at.From the real history of the ITER design and the 'siting' issue, one can try to understand how important fusion is considered by these world powers. Not words are important, but deeds. Fast tracks are nice to talk about, but timely decisions need to be taken and sufficient money is to be provided. More fundamental understanding of fusion plasma physics is important, but in the end, real hardware devices must be constructed to move along the path of power plant implementation.The author tries to make a balance of where fusion power research is at this moment, and where, according to his views, it should be going.

D'haeseleer, William D

2005-04-15

94

Strategic Facilities Management Using Public and Private Funding for Energy Projects: A Case Study  

E-print Network

exceeded the projected savings since its completion in early 2005. Now nearly a decade later, ACCD is participating in a State-funded revolving loan program for energy retrofits estimated at $10 million. A wide range of projects are proposed, including...

Khan, S.; Bible, M.; Strybos, J.

2012-01-01

95

The potential strategic, operating and environmental benefits of TVA's compressed air energy storage (CAES) program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tennessee Valley Authority is currently looking at compressed air energy storage (CAES), a new but mature technology, as a new capacity option. The technology is mature because all pieces\\/components have been in existence and use for over 50 years. The compressors are standard components for the gas industry, and the turbo expander and motor generator are standard components in

D. T. Bradshaw; J. E. Brewer

1992-01-01

96

Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nuclear Energy Computational Fluid Dynamics Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-CAMS) system is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Utah State University (USU), and other interested parties with the objective of developing and implementing a comprehensive and readily accessible data and information management system for

Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

2011-01-01

97

Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy Computational Fluid Dynamics Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-CAMS) system is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Utah State University (USU), and other interested parties with the objective of developing and implementing a comprehensive and readily accessible data and information management system for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) verification and validation (V&V) in support of nuclear energy systems design and safety analysis. The two key objectives of the NE-CAMS effort are to identify, collect, assess, store and maintain high resolution and high quality experimental data and related expert knowledge (metadata) for use in CFD V&V assessments specific to the nuclear energy field and to establish a working relationship with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to develop a CFD V&V database, including benchmark cases, that addresses and supports the associated NRC regulations and policies on the use of CFD analysis. In particular, the NE-CAMS system will support the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Program, which aims to develop and deploy advanced modeling and simulation methods and computational tools for reliable numerical simulation of nuclear reactor systems for design and safety analysis. Primary NE-CAMS Elements There are four primary elements of the NE-CAMS knowledge base designed to support computer modeling and simulation in the nuclear energy arena as listed below. Element 1. The database will contain experimental data that can be used for CFD validation that is relevant to nuclear reactor and plant processes, particularly those important to the nuclear industry and the NRC. Element 2. Qualification standards for data evaluation and classification will be incorporated and applied such that validation data sets will result in well-defined, well-characterized data. Element 3. Standards will be established for the design and operation of experiments for the generation of new validation data sets that are to be submitted to NE-CAMS that addresses the completeness and characterization of the dataset. Element 4. Standards will be developed for performing verification and validation (V&V) to establish confidence levels in CFD analyses of nuclear reactor processes; such processes will be acceptable and recognized by both CFD experts and the NRC.

Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

2011-10-01

98

The China?Pakistan Strategic Relationship: Trade, Investment, Energy and Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional Sino-Pakistan friendship of 55 years now has a new objective—to improve the economic content of their relationship, which comprises trade, investment and energy co-operation within a bilateral framework. The result of this determination to implement the new economic agenda is visible in the quantum of Chinese investment in Pakistan. However, there are indications that the trade agenda may

Sumita Kumar

2007-01-01

99

Carbon Issues Task Force Report for the Idaho Strategic Energy Alliance  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Issues Task Force has the responsibility to evaluate emissions reduction and carbon offset credit options, geologic carbon sequestration and carbon capture, terrestrial carbon sequestration on forest lands, and terrestrial carbon sequestration on agricultural lands. They have worked diligently to identify ways in which Idaho can position itself to benefit from potential carbon-related federal legislation, including identifying opportunities for Idaho to engage in carbon sequestration efforts, barriers to development of these options, and ways in which these barriers can be overcome. These are the experts to which we will turn when faced with federal greenhouse gas-related legislation and how we should best react to protect and provide for Idaho’s interests. Note that the conclusions and recommended options in this report are not intended to be exhaustive, but rather form a starting point for an informed dialogue regarding the way-forward in developing Idaho energy resources.

Travis L. Mcling

2010-10-01

100

The potential strategic, operating and environmental benefits of TVA's compressed air energy storage (CAES) program  

SciTech Connect

The Tennessee Valley Authority is currently looking at compressed air energy storage (CAES), a new but mature technology, as a new capacity option. The technology is mature because all pieces/components have been in existence and use for over 50 years. The compressors are standard components for the gas industry, and the turbo expander and motor generator are standard components in the utility business. The newness of the CAES technology is due to the integration of these components and the use of underground storage of air in porous media or possibly in abandoned mines. Although the integration of these components is new to the Untied States, they have been demonstrated in Germany for over 10 years in the 290 MWe CAES unit located in a salt cavern near Huntorf, Germany. The CAES unit has been very successful, operating with a 99% start-up reliability, and has been operated remotely.

Bradshaw, D.T.; Brewer, J.E. (TVA (US))

1992-01-01

101

Strategic planning at the national level: Evaluating and ranking energy projects by environmental impact  

SciTech Connect

A method for evaluating and ranking energy alternatives based on impact upon the natural environment and cultural heritage was developed as part of the first phase of an Icelandic framework plan for the use of hydropower and geothermal energy. The three step procedure involved assessing i) site values and ii) development impacts within a multi-criteria analysis, and iii) ranking the alternatives from worst to best choice from an environmental-cultural heritage point of view. The natural environment was treated as four main classes (landscape + wilderness, geology + hydrology, species, and ecosystem/habitat types + soils), while cultural heritage constituted one class. Values and impacts were assessed within a common matrix with 6 agglomerated attributes: 1) diversity, richness, 2) rarity, 3) size (area), completeness, pristineness, 4) information (epistemological, typological, scientific and educational) and symbolic value, 5) international responsibility, and 6) scenic value. Standardized attribute scores were used to derive total class scores whose weighted sums yielded total site value and total impact. The final output was a one-dimensional ranking obtained by Analytical Hierarchical Process considering total predicted impacts, total site values, risks and uncertainties as well as special site values. The value/impact matrix is compact (31 cell scores) but was considered to be of sufficient resolution and has the advantage of facilitating overview and communication of the methods and results. The classes varied widely in the extent to which value assessments could be based on established scientific procedures and the project highlighted the immense advantage of an internationally accepted frame of reference, first for establishing the theoretical and scientific foundation, second as a tool for evaluation, and third for allowing a global perspective.

Thorhallsdottir, Thora Ellen [Institute of Biology, Department of Biology, Askja Natural Sciences Building, Sturlugata 7, 104 Reykjavik (Iceland)]. E-mail: theth@hi.is

2007-08-15

102

Government`s role in energy technology R&D: A proposed model for strategic guidance  

SciTech Connect

There is very little argument that the federal government has a role in the funding of basic research. There is also consensus that the federal government should not fund research that the private sector would do on its own volition. In this paper, we examine the role of government in the ``grey`` area between these extremes. This area includes generic, crosscutting, and applied technology development and deployment. We first present some general trends in US R&D investment and make international comparisons. These trends clearly show that the amount the US spends on R&D has fallen precipitously since the 1980s. The R&D expenditure data also reveal striking differences in the shares of government R&D allocated to different social objectives between the US and other major industrialized countries. We then review the linear model--the model that characterizes much of the postwar paradigm for US technology policy-- and evaluate alternatives to it. These alternative models allow for different types of innovation and explicitly account for feedback from the marketplace and linkages to the private sector, universities, national laboratories. Based on the nonlinear model of innovation, we outline a structure for an R&D technology council that would provide guidance to DOE on energy technology R&D. The energy technology R&D council would advise DOE on funding priorities for different types of research. Basic research would be conducted at universities and national laboratories as appropriate. Generic technology development would be conducted by teams consisting of national laboratories, the private sector, and universities. The private sector would participate directly in the generic technology development by supplying information and funding. For those activities requiring the development of applied technology, the private sector would cost share in much the same way as is done in the current system with cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs).

Perlack, R.D.; Shelton, R.B.

1996-04-01

103

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) Public Law 94-163, approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disroptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facilities program for the 750 minion barrels was completed in 1991, this August 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1992, through June 30, 1992.

Not Available

1992-08-15

104

Strategic petroleum reserve annual report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94- 163), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual reports to the President and the Congress on activities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). This report describes activities for the year ending December 31, 1995.

NONE

1996-02-15

105

Strategic Innovation and the Administrative Heritage of East Asian Family Business Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the case of Chinese Family Business Groups (FBGs) in East Asia, this paper examines the relationship between the strategic behaviour exhibited by an organisational form and it's administrative heritage. To do so, we trace the origins of the strategic behaviour that scholars commonly attribute to FBGs to the environmental conditions prevailing during their emergence in the turbulent post-Colonial era

Michael Carney; Eric Gedajlovic

2003-01-01

106

Colonial American Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While a foundation of German scientific methods enabled the rapid growth of North American Astronomy in the nineteenth century, during the seventeenth and most of the eighteenth centuries, the colonial men of science looked only to the English mother country for scientific patronage and guidance. An essay on fundamental astronomy appeared in one of the annual colonial almanacs as early as 1656, telescopic observations were made about 1660 and the first original colonial astronomical work was published by Thomas Danforth on the comet of 1664. By 1671 the Copernican ideas were so espoused at Harvard College that a physics class refused to read a Ptolemaic textbook when it was assigned to them by a senior instructor. At least in the Cambridge-Boston area, contemporary colonialist had access to the most recent scientific publications from the mother country. Observations of the great comet of 1680 by the Almanac maker, John Foster, reached Isaac Newton and were used and gratefully acknowledged in his Principia. During the seventeenth century the colonial interest in astronomy was more intense than it was for other sciences but colonists still occupied a position in the scientific backwater when compared with contemporary European scientists. Nevertheless, the science of astronomy was successfully transplanted from England to North America in the seventeenth century.

Yeomans, Donald K.

2007-12-01

107

Colonialism, genocide, and Tibet  

Microsoft Academic Search

A central element of the narrative circulated by the Tibet Movement has been that China has carried out genocide and practised colonialism in Tibet. These notions are, for the most part, uncritically accepted by politicians and the media, especially in the West. This essay challenges such characterizations as inept and as obstacles to resolving the Tibet Question. It looks at

Barry Sautman

2006-01-01

108

Recent Honey Bee Colony Declines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the recent sharp decline in U.S. honey bee colonies, which scientists are now calling the Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). This phenomenon first became apparent among commercial migratory beekeepers along the East Coast during the last...

R. Johnson

2007-01-01

109

Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Starting in late 2006, commercial migratory beekeepers along the East Coast of the United States began reporting sharp declines in their honey bee colonies. Because of the severity and unusual circumstances of these colony declines, scientists named this ...

R. Johnson

2010-01-01

110

U.S. Department of Energy Chemical and Biological National Security Program Strategic Plan [FY00 - FY04  

SciTech Connect

This five-year strategic plan supports the mission of the DOE Chemical and Biological National Security Program to develop, demonstrate and deliver technologies and systems that will lead to major improvements in the U.S capability to prepare for and respond to chemical or biological attacks.

NONE

2000-04-01

111

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: United States energy security, oil politics, and petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of U.S. petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century, including the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) program, provides a case study of the economic and political aspects of national security, and shows the ways in which the American political economy influences national security. One key problem plagued federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals throughout the twentieth century. In a

Bruce Andre Beaubouef

1997-01-01

112

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163). Its purposes are to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the third quarter of calendar year 1995, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve; current storage capacity and ullage available; current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities, major projects and the acquisition of petroleum products; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

NONE

1995-11-15

113

Images of Colonialism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The history of colonialism is a compelling one, and it can be narrated through first-hand documents such as journals, drawings, or photographs. This particular digital collection from the Harvard College Library contains more than 700 images which offer insight into European perspectives on how popular perceptions of Asia and Africa were created and disseminated. The collection is primarily made up of late-19th and early-20th century trade cards and illustrated European newspapers. Visitors can use the collection to draw contrasts between colonial powers, such as the French, the British and the Dutch. First-time visitors will want to dive right into the collection, and the image viewer offered here allows visitors to zoom in for a closer look. While all of the items here are quite worthy, users shouldn't miss the cards created for the Liebig's Extract of Meat Company or the views of Bangkok.

114

Colonial House - PBS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Preview the newest installment in public television's hands-on history series, following Frontier House, Manor House, and 1900 House. Set in 1628, Colonial House will be broadcast in May. At the website, there are audio and video diaries in which the twenty-eight colonists from the UK and US give accounts of their experiences learning to live in 1628. Also provided is a map of the village and essays by the experts consulted for the show to insure historical authenticity. One such piece is _A Historian Awakens 1628_, by Emerson "Tad" Baker, a specialist on the early history of Maine, which is where Colonial House was filmed. There's also a Meet the Colonists gallery with photos and 21st and 17th century biographies of the settlers, lesson plans and activities for teachers, and a Resources section, with related Web sites and books.

115

COLONIALISM IS A SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

With this issue, Interventions begins the first of a new series of 'Liberation Classics'. Despite the wide-range of cultural, philosophical and politics texts produced during the twentieth-century liberation struggles by activist intellectuals in order to define the mechanisms of the operation of colonialism and to produce forms of counter-modernity posited against it, the field of postcolonial studies draws on a

Jean-Paul Sartre

2001-01-01

116

Josephine Baker's Colonial Pastiche  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the first full-length film featuring Josephine Baker: La Siréne des tropiques, produced in 1927. It emphasizes the film's display of myriad facets of interwar French colonial culture and the place of that display in Baker's life and evolving celebrity. Baker's genius, it argues, lies in her playful juxtaposition of the full range of roles defined by the

Matthew Pratt Guterl

2010-01-01

117

Colony image acquisition and genetic segmentation algorithm and colony analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Colony anaysis is used in a large number of engineerings such as food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing. In order to reduce laboring and increase analysis acuracy, many researchers and developers have made efforts for image analysis systems. The main problems in the systems are image acquisition, image segmentation and image analysis. In this paper, to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed. In the box, the distances between lights and dishe, camra lens and lights, and camera lens and dishe are adjusted optimally. In image segmentation, It is based on a genetic approach that allow one to consider the segmentation problem as a global optimization,. After image pre-processing and image segmentation, the colony analyses are perfomed. The colony image analysis consists of (1) basic colony parameter measurements; (2) colony size analysis; (3) colony shape analysis; and (4) colony surface measurements. All the above visual colony parameters can be selected and combined together, used to make a new engineeing parameters. The colony analysis can be applied into different applications.

Wang, W. X.

2012-01-01

118

Efficient Division and Sampling of Cell Colonies Using Microcup Arrays  

PubMed Central

A microengineered array to sample clonal colonies is described. The cells were cultured on an array of individually releasable elements until the colonies expanded to cover multiple elements. Single elements were released using a laser-based system and collected to sample cells from individual colonies. A greater than an 85% rate in splitting and collecting colonies was achieved using a 3-dimensional cup-like design or “microcup”. Surface modification using patterned titanium deposition of the glass substrate improved the stability of microcup adhesion to the glass while enabling minimization of the laser energy for splitting the colonies. Smaller microcup dimensions and slotting the microcup walls reduced the time needed for colonies to expand into multiple microcups. The stem cell colony retained on the array and the collected fraction within released microcups remained undifferentiated and viable. The colony samples were characterized by both reporter gene expression and a destructive assay (PCR) to identify target colonies. The platform is envisioned as a means to rapidly establish cell lines using a destructive assay to identify desired clones. PMID:23099535

Pai, Jeng-Hao; Kluckman, Kimberly; Cowley, Dale O.; Bortner, Donna M.; Sims, Christopher E.; Allbritton, Nancy L.; Allbritton, Nancy L.

2012-01-01

119

STRATEGIC ISSUES EMT 715 Strategic Business Management  

E-print Network

in a global economy Developing techniques to change current paradigms of business Managing the innovationSTRATEGIC ISSUES EMT 715 Strategic Business Management EMT 714 Technology Strategy PEOPLE INTERNATIONAL EMT 630 Global Business & Markets INNOVATION & NEW PRODUCT/BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT EMT 752

Yang, Eui-Hyeok

120

Flagship 2020 Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

the best possible services. GOALS Student Success: Promote engagement, retention, graduationFlagship 2020 Strategic Plan September 2011 Enrollment Student Life & #12;Foreward i Mission Statement 1 Strategic Plan Student Success 2 Communication 3 Staff Development 4 Operational Excellence 5

Harms, Kyle E.

121

Strategic Plan. Volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mission of the NSBRI will be to lead a National effort for accomplishing the integrated, critical path, biomedical research necessary to support the long term human presence, development, and exploration of space and to enhance life on Earth by applying the resultant advances in human knowledge and technology acquired through living and working in space. To carry out this mission, the NSBRI focuses its activities on three Strategic Programs: Strategic Program 1: Countermeasure Research Strategic Program 2: Education, Training and Outreach Strategic Program 3: Cooperative Research and Development. This document contains the detailed Team Strategic Plans for the 11 research teams focused on Strategic Program 1, and the Education and Outreach Team focused on Strategic Program 2. There is overlap and integration among the Programs and Team Strategic Plans, as described in each of the Plans.

2002-01-01

122

1995-1996 Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

In a rapidly changing world, effective governmental organizations must anticipate and plan for the future. Nowhere is this more true than in the realm of information generation and dissemination. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) faces a future of great opportunity and also significant challenge. Technological advances are providing opportunities to improve our work processes and the way we serve our customers. This year`s Strategic Plan was developed by an EIA Strategic Planning Group with a membership that spans the entire organization. The Strategic Plan provides both a broad vision and a clear map of EIA`s near-term future. The Strategic Planning Group conducted an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of EIA as an organization, and of the opportunities and constraints facing EIA in the future. Opportunities exist in the future in technological advances and staff training; constraints lie in federal budget trends and staff demographics. This will require a Strategic Plan that recognizes the need to prioritize services and products across EIA, standardize technology across EIA where possible, lead with fewer layers of management, and be acutely aware of customer needs. Developing and training EIA employees to meet the challenges of rapidly changing technology and decreasing budgets were given high priority.

NONE

1995-09-01

123

Strategic Asia 2002 Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Asia Program made considerable progress over the course of 2002--the program's first year with support from the Department of Energy--and completed all its tasks on schedule and within budget. Following a planning meeting in Washington in February 2002, a team of leading specialists wrote a series of original assessments regarding the impact of September 11 on the strategic environment in Asia, examining how perceptions and strategies of countries in the region changed following the terrorist attacks. The final products, Strategic Asia 2002-03: Asian Aftershocks and its accompanying executive summary, were published in September 2002. The program's research findings (some of which are summarized) were presented to policymakers in Washington and elsewhere throughout the year, and almost 2,000 copies of the book had been distributed by mid-2003.

Richard Ellings; Aaron Friedberg; Michael Wills

2002-09-01

124

Enhancing strategic capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper provides managers with the understanding and means to assess and exploit the impact of influence-related social factors on strategic planning and implementation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Background related to enhancing strategic capital is explored, the concept of social capital is introduced, and its effect on strategic capital is described. The need for employee-inclusive strategic planning is discussed, and

Peter Smith

2006-01-01

125

American Strategic Minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

American Strategic Minerals brings together seven contributors in the fields of marine studies, mining engineering, earth sciences, and economics to discuss and analyze strategic minerals. The future demands of the United States upon limited sources of supply are examined and there is an analysis of alternative sources of strategic minerals from the seabed, including copper, nickel, manganese, and cobalt. The

Mangone

1984-01-01

126

NASA Strategic Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aforementioned strategic decisions and the overarching direction for America's aeronautics and space program are addressed in the Strategic Plan. Our Strategic Plan is critical to our ability to meet the challenges of this new era and deliver a vibrant aeronautics and space program that strengthens and inspires the Nation. The Plan is our top-level strategy.

1996-01-01

127

A methodological approach to strategic petroleum reserves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy constitutes a small fraction of the production inputs in the economy, yet the rigidity imposed by the short and medium term inability to substitute energy with other production factors in case of an energy shortage, requires the establishment of safeguard mechanisms to ensure sufficient energy supply during an emergency. These safeguards usually take the form of strategic energy reserves.

JE Samouilidis; SA Berahas

1982-01-01

128

Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR's offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR's crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

Not Available

1992-02-17

129

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2014-01-01

130

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2013-01-01

131

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2011-01-01

132

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2012-01-01

133

Strategic Analysis Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA s Constellation Program employs a strategic analysis methodology in providing an integrated analysis capability of Lunar exploration scenarios and to support strategic decision-making regarding those scenarios. The strategic analysis methodology integrates the assessment of the major contributors to strategic objective satisfaction performance, affordability, and risk and captures the linkages and feedbacks between all three components. Strategic analysis supports strategic decision making by senior management through comparable analysis of alternative strategies, provision of a consistent set of high level value metrics, and the enabling of cost-benefit analysis. The tools developed to implement the strategic analysis methodology are not element design and sizing tools. Rather, these models evaluate strategic performance using predefined elements, imported into a library from expert-driven design/sizing tools or expert analysis. Specific components of the strategic analysis tool set include scenario definition, requirements generation, mission manifesting, scenario lifecycle costing, crew time analysis, objective satisfaction benefit, risk analysis, and probabilistic evaluation. Results from all components of strategic analysis are evaluated a set of pre-defined figures of merit (FOMs). These FOMs capture the high-level strategic characteristics of all scenarios and facilitate direct comparison of options. The strategic analysis methodology that is described in this paper has previously been applied to the Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs and is now being used to support the development of the baseline Constellation Program lunar architecture. This paper will present an overview of the strategic analysis methodology and will present sample results from the application of the strategic analysis methodology to the Constellation Program lunar architecture.

Cirillo, William M.; Earle, Kevin D.; Goodliff, Kandyce E.; Reeves, J. D.; Stromgren, Chel; Andraschko, Mark R.; Merrill, R. Gabe

2008-01-01

134

Colony image acquisition and segmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For counting of both colonies and plaques, there is a large number of applications including food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing, AMES testing, pharmaceuticals, paints, sterile fluids and fungal contamination. Recently, many researchers and developers have made efforts for this kind of systems. By investigation, some existing systems have some problems. The main problems are image acquisition and image segmentation. In order to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed as: the box includes front lightning and back lightning, which can be selected by users based on properties of colony dishes. With the illumination box, lightning can be uniform; colony dish can be put in the same place every time, which make image processing easy. The developed colony image segmentation algorithm consists of the sub-algorithms: (1) image classification; (2) image processing; and (3) colony delineation. The colony delineation algorithm main contain: the procedures based on grey level similarity, on boundary tracing, on shape information and colony excluding. In addition, a number of algorithms are developed for colony analysis. The system has been tested and satisfactory.

Wang, W. X.

2007-12-01

135

Strategic Defense Initiative - strategic implications. Study project  

SciTech Connect

In March 1983, during this address to the nation, President Reagan initiated a major shift in U.S. strategic policy, as he indicated his desire to move away from the condition of mutual vulnerability as the primary deterrent to nuclear war. The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), as the vehicle for this shift, has become the focus of debate over implications of a new strategic policy. This study seeks to examine the strategic relationship, and the role of arms control during a transition from an offensive-dominant strategy to a defensive-dominant strategy. The methodology for the study is to present arguments for and against SDI, as they relate to the issues of stability and arms control, evaluate their validity, draw conclusions, and provide recommendations that may enhance international security during a transition period of SDI.

Russell, T.L.

1988-03-31

136

Post-Colonial Theory and Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay explores connections between post-colonial theory and action research. Post-colonial theory is committed to addressing the plague of colonialism. Action research, at its core, promises to problematize uncontested "colonial" hegemonies of any form. Both post-colonial theory and action research engage dialogic, critically reflective and…

Parsons, Jim B.; Harding, Kelly J.

2011-01-01

137

Student Discipline in Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basis for the severe discipline imposed on school children in colonial America, especially in the Puritan colonies, was the belief in original sin. The child was regarded as being born in sin and thus depraved and prone to sin. The purpose of education was to enable children to read the Bible and thus change the behavior which otherwise would…

Petry, John R.

138

Colony Variation in Staphylococcus lugdunensis  

PubMed Central

Staphylococcus lugdunensis is being increasingly reported as a pathogen with an outcome resembling that of S. aureus rather than coagulase-negative staphylococci. Recent local isolates exhibited colonial variation that delayed identification and interpretation of clinical significance. Until now previous descriptions have not emphasized colonial variation as an important identifying characteristic of S. lugdunensis. PMID:9738081

Leung, Michael J.; Nuttall, Nichalas; Pryce, Todd M.; Coombs, Geoffrey W.; Pearman, John W.

1998-01-01

139

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

During 1992 the Department continued planning activities for the expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to one billion barrels. A draft Environmental Impact Statement for the five candidate sites was completed in October 1992, and a series of public hearings was held during December 1992. Conceptual design engineering activities, life cycle cost estimates and geotechnical studies to support the technical requirements for an Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan Amendment were essentially completed in December 1992. At the end of 1992, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 574.7 million barrels and an additional 1.7 million barrels was in transit to the Reserve. During 1992 approximately 6.2 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Reserve. A Department of Energy Tiger Team Environmental, Safety and Health (ES&H) Assessment was conducted at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve from March 9 through April 10, 1992. In general, the Tiger Team found that Strategic Petroleum Reserve activities do not pose undue environmental, safety or health risks. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve`s Final Corrective Action Plan, prepared in response to the Tiger Team assessment, was submitted for Department approval in December 1992. On November 18, 1992, the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy selected DynMcDennott Petroleum Operations Company to provide management and operating services for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve for a period of 5 years commencing April 1, 1993. DynMcDermott will succeed Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc.

Not Available

1993-02-16

140

U.S. Department of Energy Space and Defense Power Systems Program Ten-Year Strategic Plan, Volume 1 and Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's Space and Defense Power Systems program provides a unique capability for supplying power systems that function in remote or hostile environments. This capability has been functioning since the early 1960s and counts the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as one of its most prominent customers. This enabling technology has assisted the exploration of our solar system including the planets Jupiter, Saturn, Mars, Neptune, and soon Pluto. This capability is one-of-kind in the world in terms of its experience (over five decades), breadth of power systems flown (over two dozen to date) and range of power levels (watts to hundreds of watts). This document describes the various components of that infrastructure, work scope, funding needs, and its strategic plans going forward.

Dwight, Carla

2013-06-01

141

Strategic planning for neuroradiologists.  

PubMed

Strategic planning is becoming essential to neuroradiology as the health care environment continues to emphasize cost efficiency, teamwork and collaboration. A strategic plan begins with a mission statement and vision of where the neuroradiology division would like to be in the near future. Formalized strategic planning frameworks, such as the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), and the Balanced Scorecard frameworks, can help neuroradiology divisions determine their current position in the marketplace. Communication, delegation, and accountability in neuroradiology is essential in executing an effective strategic plan. PMID:22902108

Berlin, Jonathan W; Lexa, Frank J

2012-08-01

142

Genetic diversity affects colony survivorship in commercial honey bee colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Honey bee ( Apis mellifera) queens mate with unusually high numbers of males (average of approximately 12 drones), although there is much variation among queens. One main consequence of such extreme polyandry is an increased diversity of worker genotypes within a colony, which has been shown empirically to confer significant adaptive advantages that result in higher colony productivity and survival. Moreover, honey bees are the primary insect pollinators used in modern commercial production agriculture, and their populations have been in decline worldwide. Here, we compare the mating frequencies of queens, and therefore, intracolony genetic diversity, in three commercial beekeeping operations to determine how they correlate with various measures of colony health and productivity, particularly the likelihood of queen supersedure and colony survival in functional, intensively managed beehives. We found the average effective paternity frequency ( m e ) of this population of honey bee queens to be 13.6 ± 6.76, which was not significantly different between colonies that superseded their queen and those that did not. However, colonies that were less genetically diverse (headed by queens with m e ? 7.0) were 2.86 times more likely to die by the end of the study when compared to colonies that were more genetically diverse (headed by queens with m e > 7.0). The stark contrast in colony survival based on increased genetic diversity suggests that there are important tangible benefits of increased queen mating number in managed honey bees, although the exact mechanism(s) that govern these benefits have not been fully elucidated.

Tarpy, David R.; vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Pettis, Jeffrey S.

2013-08-01

143

Becoming a Strategic Therapist  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes six stances that are evident in the movements of an effective strategic therapist. The stances examined are neutrality, maneuverability, flexibility, detachment, humility, and compassion. All have been stated or implied in the literature as important facets of strategic therapy; yet there has been little attention paid to the personal process required of the individual who is becoming

Richard B. Patterson

1987-01-01

144

11. Strategic planning.  

PubMed

There are several types of planning processes and plans, including strategic, operational, tactical, and contingency. For this document, operational planning includes tactical planning. This chapter examines the strategic planning process and includes an introduction into disaster response plans. "A strategic plan is an outline of steps designed with the goals of the entire organisation as a whole in mind, rather than with the goals of specific divisions or departments". Strategic planning includes all measures taken to provide a broad picture of what must be achieved and in which order, including how to organise a system capable of achieving the overall goals. Strategic planning often is done pre-event, based on previous experience and expertise. The strategic planning for disasters converts needs into a strategic plan of action. Strategic plans detail the goals that must be achieved. The process of converting needs into plans has been deconstructed into its components and includes consideration of: (1) disaster response plans; (2) interventions underway or planned; (3) available resources; (4) current status vs. pre-event status; (5) history and experience of the planners; and (6) access to the affected population. These factors are tempered by the local: (a) geography; (b) climate; (c) culture; (d) safety; and (e) practicality. The planning process consumes resources (costs). All plans must be adapted to the actual conditions--things never happen exactly as planned. PMID:24785808

2014-05-01

145

China and Strategic Culture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author examines the impact of strategic culture on 21st century China. He contends that the People's Republic of China's security policies and its tendency to use military force are influenced not only by elite understandings of China's own strategic ...

A. Scobell

2002-01-01

146

Strategic Investments Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation provides an overview of the organizational hierarchy for strategic management and strategic investments at NASA. The presentation also relates these topics to the budgets it submits to Congress, strategies for space exploration research and development, and systems analysis.

Comstock, Doug

2004-01-01

147

Strategic Initiatives and Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines Howard Community College's (HCC) six strategic initiatives and goals. Each of the strategic initiatives is presented, along with a context for the statement and a list of goals to be achieved in support of the overall initiative. First, HCC will be a learning community that provides possibilities for learning that address…

Howard Community Coll., Columbia, MD.

148

American Strategic Minerals  

SciTech Connect

American Strategic Minerals brings together seven contributors in the fields of marine studies, mining engineering, earth sciences, and economics to discuss and analyze strategic minerals. The future demands of the United States upon limited sources of supply are examined and there is an analysis of alternative sources of strategic minerals from the seabed, including copper, nickel, manganese, and cobalt. The book contains an examination of the investments that the United States has made in developing countries that could affect both the national security and national economy of America in the years ahead. After a review of minerals policy in the United States, the conflicting interests that influence the President and Congress in making decisions about strategic minerals, and other dimensions of strategic minerals, are exposed to clarify both the facts and myths about supply and demand, security and danger, and high and low prices.

Mangone, G.

1984-01-01

149

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General report on inspection of analytical laboratories oversight at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy`s (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy has overall programmatic responsibility for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The SPR Project Management Office (SPRPMO), located in New Orleans, Louisiana, and under the direction of the Project Manager, manages day-to-day project activities. The SPR currently has five underground crude oil storage facilities, and one marine terminal, on or near the Gulf Coasts of Texas and Louisiana. The purpose of this inspection was to review oversight of M and O and subcontractor laboratories performing analyses on samples taken for SPR environmental compliance and oil quality purposes. During this inspection, the M and O contractor operated on-site environmental laboratories at four of the SPR storage facilities, and oil quality laboratories at two of the facilities. The number of subcontractor laboratories varies depending on the need for analytical support. The objective of this inspection was to determine if the SPRPMO had implemented management systems to provide adequate oversight of M and O contractor analytical laboratory activities, as well as to ensure effective oversight of subcontractor analytical laboratories.

NONE

1995-07-26

150

Strategic petroleum reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of our most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur and a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975, (Public Law 94-163) as amended, to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the first quarter of calendar year 1994, including: (1) inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; (2) fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; (3) average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; (4) current and projected storage capacity; (5) analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; (6) funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and (7) major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1994-05-15

151

Strategic petroleum reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve reduces the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument and an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163). Its purposes are to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1995, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve; current and projected storage capacity, analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

NONE

1995-08-15

152

Fusion Power: A Strategic Choice for the Future Energy Provision. Why is So Much Time Wasted for Decision Making?  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a general analysis of the world energy issue, it is argued that an affordable, clean and reliable energy supply will have to consist of a portfolio of primary energy sources, a large fraction of which will be converted to a secondary carrier in large baseload plants. Because of all future uncertainties, it would be irresponsible not to include thermonuclear

Dhaeseleer; William D

2005-01-01

153

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual report  

SciTech Connect

During 1980, the significant events for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program (SPR) included the resumption of oil acquisition, the completion of Phase I facilities, oil withdrawal testing, and commencement of Phase II leaching. The report includes the following contents: introduction and program background; SPR plan and amendments; status of the strategic petroleum reserve which includes program definition, organization, site development, program and project management, budget and cost, real estate, environmental compliance, and permits, and crude oil logistics, distribution, and inventory; drawdown system and vulnerability impact; energy security act implementation; SPR relations with state and local governments; and appendices - SPR site status of Bayou Choctaw, Weeks Island, Bryan Mound, Sulphur Mines, West Hackberry, and St. James Terminal.

Not Available

1981-02-16

154

2006 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Discovering the Solutions to Power and Secure America’s Future  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Organization Act, which created DOE, was enacted in 1977 and DOE officially came into existence in October of that year. That law brought together for the first time, not only most of the government’s energy programs, but also science and technology programs and defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons. Over its history, DOE has shifted its emphasis and focus as the energy and security needs of the Nation have changed. Today, DOE stands at the forefront of helping the Nation meet our energy, scientific, environmental, and national security goals. These include developing and deploying new energy technologies, reducing our dependence on foreign energy sources, protecting our nuclear weapons stockpile, and ensuring that America remains competitive in the global marketplace. To help achieve these goals, President Bush has launched two key initiatives: the American Competitiveness Initiative (ACI) and the Advanced Energy Initiative (AEI). The President launched these initiatives recognizing that science, technology, and engineering hold the answers to many of the critical challenges our world faces. These new initiatives to spur scientific innovation and technology development expand DOE’s continuing support for the competitive energy markets, both domestically and internationally, and of policies that facilitate continued private investment in the energy sector. In addition, DOE supports the demonstration and deployment of energy technologies through collaborative efforts with the private sector and public sector entities.

None,

2006-10-11

155

Strategic Petrolem Reserve: Annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

In August 1986 the President reaffirmed the Administration's strong support for development of a 750 million-barrel Strategic Petroleum Reserve and committed the Administration to filling the Reserve throughout fiscal year 1987. During 1986, a number of bills related to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were enacted. As of December 31, 1986, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 511.6 million barrels of crude oil, an increase of 18.3 million barrels over the 1985 year end inventory of 493.3 million barrels. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was filled at an average fill rate of 51,430 barrels per day during 1986. During the calendar year 1986, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve increased its crude oil storage capability from 509.4 million barrels to 550.7 million barrels, adding approximately 27.4 million barrels of new storage capacity at the Bryan Mound storage site and 13.9 million barrels at the West Hackberry storage site. As required by the Energy Policy and Conservation Amendments Act of 1985, enacted July 2, 1985, the Department of Energy conducted a test sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil between November 18, 1985 and January 31, 1986, to test the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's drawdown and distribution capabilities. In addition to the test sale, three subsequent tests of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's physical drawdown capabilities were conducted. Substantial progress was made in distribution enhancement program during 1986, with the construction of a 46-mile oil distribution pipeline from Bryan Mound to the ARCO common carrier pipeline system at Texas City, TX. 9 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1987-02-01

156

Strategic Plan. Volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this document is to present the strategic plan and associated organizational structure that the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) will utilize to achieve the defined mission and objectives provided by NASA. Much of the information regarding the background and establishment of the NSBRI by NASA has been provided in other documentation and will not be repeated in this Strategic Plan. This Strategic Plan is presented in two volumes. Volume I (this volume) begins with an Introduction (Section 2) that provides the Institute's NASA-defined mission and objectives, and the organizational structure adopted to implement these through three Strategic Programs: Countermeasure Research; Education, Training and Outreach; and Cooperative Research and Development. These programs are described in Sections 3 to 5. Each program is presented in a similar way, using four subsections: Goals and Objectives; Current Strategies; Gaps and Modifications; and Resource Requirements. Section 6 provides the administrative infrastructure and total budget required to implement the Strategic Programs and assures that they form a single cohesive plan. This plan will ensure continued success of the Institute for the next five years. Volume II of the Strategic Plan provides an in-depth analysis of the current and future strategic programs of the 12 current NSBRI teams, including their goals, objectives, mutual interactions and schedules.

2002-01-01

157

Ubicomp's Colonial Impulse Paul Dourish1  

E-print Network

Economics, Human Factors, Standardization, Theory. INTRODUCTION We don't think about colonialism much to think about the sort of enterprise that colonialism was (and is). When we think of colonialism, perhaps, this construes colonialism as a territorial enterprise; one of us grew up in British classrooms that typically

Dourish,Paul

158

STRATNET: Strategic Studies Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Calgary's Strategic Studies Program developed STRATNET to provide a network of research resources germane to the study of international relations, security, and politics. STRATNET includes three main sections: StratChat, an interactive discussion forum; StratLink, a well-organized collection of hundreds of annotated strategic studies pointers; and StratJournal, which contains a multidisciplinary online journal entitled STRATNET. In addition, the site provides information about the fellows and the outreach projects of the Strategic Studies Program at the University of Calgary.

159

Backcasting performance of the emerging renewable energy sector in China : A strategic optimization approach for policy making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to explore the use of backcasting approach in dealing with the indeterminate future performance of the emerging renewable energy sector, based on the case of China. Through backcasting analysis of the emerging sector under uncertainties and concerns of the stakeholders, it acknowledges a range of hurdles ingrained in the current energy system and issues related

Artie Ng

2009-01-01

160

Strategic defense initiative  

SciTech Connect

The Engineering Technology Division has a leading role, including that of program management, in a major new programmatic thrust of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory that is in support of the national Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). It is appropriate for the Laboratory to become significantly involved in the program because several of the most promising SDI technologies are in areas for which ORNL (together with Y-12 and K-25) have strong capabilities and significant resources. The initial ORNL work in support of the SDI program is focused on three technologies in which ORNL has extensive experience and traditionally strong research and development programs: (1) space nuclear power, (2) flywheel energy storage, and (3) neutral particle beams. The space nuclear program will utilize our capabilities in areas such as refractory materials, high-temperature alkali metal systems, shielding, and instrumentation. Space nuclear reactors capable of supplying multimegawatt levels of electrical power on a continuous and long-term basis are envisioned to be required for a variety of SDI surveillance satellites and space-borne weapons platforms. The feasibility of an alkali metal Rankine power conversion cycle, which has promise of providing high power with a very low system mass, is planned for study.

Nichols, J.P.

1985-01-01

161

Strategic Plan College of Dentistry  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY Strategic Plan College of Dentistry The Ohio State University 2011-2016 #12 Openness and Trust #12;Strategic Plan College of Dentistry Page ii Table of Contents Letter from the Dean #12;Strategic Plan College of Dentistry Page iii #12;Strategic Plan College of Dentistry Page 1 Letter

162

Strategic Plan School of Medicine  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan School of Medicine 2012-2017 April 2013 #12;Contents A. Context and Purpose #12;School of Medicine School Strategic Plan 2012-2017 1 A. Context and Purpose The School Strategic and risk registers. #12;School of Medicine School Strategic Plan 2012-2017 2 B. School Mission, Character

Guo, Zaoyang

163

Business Services Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Business Services Strategic Plan Updated September 2008 New Synergies: Launching Tomorrow's Leaders of Budget and Fiscal Planning, Business Management, Computing Services, Treasury Operations, Office #12;Goal 3 Improve service delivery Through this goal, Business Services acts to continuously review

Holland, Jeffrey

164

The strategic security officer.  

PubMed

This article discusses the concept of the strategic security officer, and the potential that it brings to the healthcare security operational environment. The author believes that training and development, along with strict hiring practices, can enable a security department to reach a new level of professionalism, proficiency and efficiency. The strategic officer for healthcare security is adapted from the "strategic corporal" concept of US Marine Corps General Charles C. Krulak which focuses on understanding the total force implications of the decisions made by the lowest level leaders within the Corps (Krulak, 1999). This article focuses on the strategic organizational implications of every security officer's decisions in the constantly changing and increasingly volatile operational environment of healthcare security. PMID:24707753

Hodges, Charles

2014-01-01

165

STRATEGIC FOCUS: Sustainable Systems  

E-print Network

to apply sustain- ability principles to building and design, transportation and other fields, to green1010 STRATEGIC FOCUS: Sustainable Systems Biology doctoral student Tanya Lubansky uses quan and quantitative ecologists. Sustainable Systems in NJIT's Educational Programs Educational offerings

166

Conservation of strategic metals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A long-range program in support of the aerospace industry aimed at reducing the use of strategic materials in gas turbine engines is discussed. The program, which is called COSAM (Conservation of Strategic Aerospace Materials), has three general objectives. The first objective is to contribute basic scientific understanding to the turbine engine technology bank so that our national security is not jeopardized if our strategic material supply lines are disrupted. The second objective is to help reduce the dependence of United States military and civilian gas turbine engines on worldwide supply and price fluctuations in regard to strategic materials. The third objective is, through research, to contribute to the United States position of preeminence in the world gas turbine engine markets by minimizing the acquisition costs and optimizing the performance of gas turbine engines. Three major research thrusts are planned: strategic element substitution; advanced processing concepts; and alternate material identification. Results from research and any required supporting technology will give industry the materials technology options it needs to make tradeoffs in material properties for critical components against the cost and availability impacts related to their strategic metal content.

Stephens, J. R.

1982-01-01

167

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual and quarterly reports to the President and the Congress on activities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. This report combines the fourth quarter 1993 Quarterly Report with the 1993 Annual Report. Key activities described include appropriations; life extension planning; expansion planning; Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil acquisition; the oil stabilization program; and the refined petroleum product reserve test programs. Sections of this report also describe the program mission; the storage facility development program; environmental compliance; budget and finance; and drawdown and distribution.

Not Available

1994-02-16

168

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975, as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual and quarterly reports to the President and the Congress on activities to develop the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Additional prospective information related to the development and fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is required by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986. This report combines the fourth quarter 1988 Quarterly Report with the 1988 Annual Report. Topics addressed include: storage facilities development; oil acquisition and transportation; budget and finance; drawdown and distribution system and vulnerability impact; other project activities.

Not Available

1989-02-16

169

Research on strategic importance of non-grid-connected wind power for U.S. energy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, the cost of wind power generation has declined 20 times since 1982, giving it a price advantage in competition with conventional energy. Therefore, wind power has a much broader prospect. The data indicates that power-generating capacity has increased recently in the USA and has developed quickly, with 50% growth in 2008. By April 30, 2009, installed

Ming Gu

2009-01-01

170

Guidelines for strategic planning  

SciTech Connect

Strategic planning needs to be done as one of the integral steps in fulfilling our overall Departmental mission. The role of strategic planning is to assure that the longer term destinations, goals, and objectives which the programs and activities of the Department are striving towards are the best we can envision today so that our courses can then be set to move in those directions. Strategic planning will assist the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, and Under Secretary in setting the long-term directions and policies for the Department and in making final decisions on near-term priorities and resource allocations. It will assist program developers and implementors by providing the necessary guidance for multi-year program plans and budgets. It is one of the essential steps in the secretary's Strategic Planning Initiative. The operational planning most of us are so familiar with deals with how to get things done and with the resources needed (people, money, facilities, time) to carry out tasks. Operating plans like budgets, capital line item projects, R D budgets, project proposals, etc., are vital to the mission of the Department. They deal, however, with how to carry out programs to achieve some objective or budget assumption. Strategic planning deals with the prior question of what it is that should be attempted. It deals with what objectives the many programs and activities of the Department of Department should be striving toward. The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to those organizations and personnel starting the process for the first time as well as those who have prepared strategic plans in the past and now wish to review and update them. This guideline should not be constructed as a rigid, restrictive or confining rulebook. Each organization is encouraged to develop such enhancements as they think may be useful in their planning. The steps outlined in this document represent a very simplified approach to strategic planning. 9 refs.

Not Available

1991-07-01

171

2000 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Strength through Science Powering the 21st Century  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy conducts programs relating to energy resources, national nuclear security, environmental quality, and science. In each of these areas, the US is facing significant challenges. Our economic well-being depends on the continuing availability of reliable and affordable supplies of clean energy. Our Nation's security is threatened by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Our environment is under threat from the demands a more populated planet and the legacies of 20th-century activities. Science and the technology derived from it offer the promise to improve the Nation's health and well-being and broadly expand human knowledge. In conducting its programs, the Department of Energy (DOE) employs unique scientific and technical assets, including 30,000 scientists, engineers, and other technical staff, in a complex of outstanding national laboratories that have a capital value of over $45 billion. Through its multidisciplinary research and development activities and its formidable assemblage of scientific and engineering talent, DOE focuses its efforts on four programmatic business lines: (1) Energy Resources--promoting the development and deployment of systems and practices that provide energy that is clean, efficient, reasonably priced, and reliable. (2) National Nuclear Security--enhancing national security through military application of nuclear technology and by reducing global danger from the potential spread of weapons of mass destruction. (3) Environmental Quality--cleaning up the legacy of nuclear weapons and nuclear research activities, safely managing nuclear materials, and disposing of radioactive wastes. (4) Science--advancing science and scientific tools to provide the foundation for DOE's applied missions and to provide remarkable insights into our physical and biological world. In support of the above four business lines, DOE provides management services to ensure that the technical programs can run efficiently. Our Corporate Management area deals with organizational and management challenges that we must address to better serve our customers, and ultimately, U.S. taxpayers, in an effective and efficient manner. Within Corporate Management, we strive for excellence in the Department's environment, safety, and health practices, together with effective management systems and efficient business practices.

None,

2000-09-01

172

The starvation-predation trade-off shapes the strategic use of protein for energy during fasting.  

PubMed

The primary function of lipid storage by animals is as an energy source for surviving periods without food. However, muscle and organ protein can be metabolised for energy, and empirical studies have shown that the onset of protein metabolism begins before the exhaustion of lipid reserves. Since protein tissues are important for reasons other than resisting starvation, the adaptive basis for this early onset is unclear. Here, we report the results of a model of the optimal proportion of energy to obtain from protein catabolism during a period without food of unpredictable duration. We assume either that the animal aims only to maximise the duration of survival or that it also has to take account of its future reproductive success given its state when the food supply recommences. In the latter case we find impressive quantitative agreement with observations on lean and obese penguins and rats. Analysis shows that this agreement breaks down if predation risk is insignificant, protein in the form of muscle is ineffective against predation, or there is no benefit to conserving lipid (e.g. for reproduction). This result implies that animals have not evolved to maximise their starvation resistance because doing so would leave them vulnerable when an interruption ends. Our model allows us to make several specific predictions concerning the relationship between the ecological pressures on animals and their starvation survival strategies. PMID:24973597

Higginson, Andrew D; McNamara, John M; Houston, Alasdair I

2014-10-21

173

Business competitiveness through strategic/business planning  

SciTech Connect

Impending electric utility industry deregulation is sufficient reason for most electric utilities to spend more time in deep contemplation. If one adds to that the threat of open competition among energy utilities and service providers (like communication and cable companies) for customer ownership and market share, then one clearly understands what is driving utilities to engage consultants to help them develop strategic plans. The strategic planning process is intended to focus and guide the organization in implementing specific strategic and tactical actions that integrate the needs of the business with those of its customers and the markets it serves. This process encompasses assessing utility assets and core competencies, evaluating the myriad of available options to create change, and helping executives make informed decisions on how they will compete in uncharted, evolving markets. The results of these deep and sometimes painful corporate introspections are evident in the decisions and initiatives that one learns about daily in the industry press in the form of major energy utility mergers, disaggregations, diversifications, offshore acquisitions, alliances, and major reorganizations. This paper examines the business and strategic planning process that management consultants use to guide utilities through this quagmire of possible options to develop a road map to achieve competitive advantage and increased shareholder value. This subject is timely and of milestone importance to the industry. Survival necessitates actions and actions carry risks. The strategic planning process attempts to minimize the risks and enhance the probability of surviving and winning.

Miller, W.H.; Jabali, H.H. [S and L Management Consulting, Chicago, IL (United States)

1997-09-01

174

TEACHING RADICAL HISTORY Gender, Colonialism,  

E-print Network

TEACHING RADICAL HISTORY Gender, Colonialism, and Feminist Collaboration Antoinette Burton and Jean to develop a relationship with each other, with our respective fields and intel- lectual commitments imperatives in the graduate field we call "comparative women's and gender history" at UIUC. At the time

Subramanian, Venkat

175

The Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the Civil War, Roanoke Island, located between the coast of North Carolina and the Outer Banks, became a refuge for escaped slaves, called contrabands or freedmen. This site, created by University of Virginia professor Patricia C. Click presents an account of the history and selected documents and maps of the Roanoke Island Freedmens Colony, as the community was known. Documents include letters from Superintendent of the Colony, Horace James, a minister and abolitionist from Massachusetts, and letters from Freedmen themselves. The documents have been transcribed and are in .pdf format, so users should not expect to see scanned versions of 19th century originals. The projects section includes seven projects for high school and college students, using historical materials at the site, and from other related Web sites. Professor Click has written a book, Time Full of Trial: The Roanoke Island FreedmenâÂÂs Colony, 1862-1867, and the Preview section contains the table of contents and Chapter One. Links in the site refer to this book for more information; in the Maps section users are referred to its online ordering instructions for more information on the layout of the colony.

Click, Patricia C.

2001-01-01

176

ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION MARCO DORIGO  

E-print Network

to the same food source are discovered, the colony is more likely to select the short- est one because ants algorithms is the use of a positive feedback loop implemented by iterative modifications of the artificial additional techniques such as problem-specific solution improvement proce- dures. The development

Libre de Bruxelles, Université

177

Notable Ladies of Colonial Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the women of colonial Virginia, this learning activity package introduces students to the social history of that period. The unit is designed to be implemented in either a one or three-week format and makes use of audio tapes and slides gathered at the 1985 Stratford-Monticello Seminar held at the University of Virginia. (JDH)

Cipriano, Rose Marie

1986-01-01

178

Bacterial Colony Hybridization (Colony lift) AIM: Identify which bacterial colonies on a petri dish have integrated the desired insert.  

E-print Network

Bacterial Colony Hybridization (Colony lift) AIM: Identify which bacterial colonies on a petri dish on petri dishes Whatman Filter #1, trimmed to fit in the petri dish, does not need to be sterile fragment as a template. Large Pyrex tray Clean petri dishes Parafilm Hybridization oven set at 42°C

Abou Elela, Sherif

179

"Unauthorised colonies" and the City of Delhi  

E-print Network

This research was undertaken, to understand the phenomenon of "unauthorised colonies" in relation to the city of Delhi, to which they belong. "Unauthorised Colonies" is the label given by the Delhi Development Authority ...

Mukherjee, Snehanshu

1988-01-01

180

Microgravity strategic planning exercise  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Center for Space and Advanced Technology supported a planning exercise for the Microgravity Program management at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The effort focused on the status of microgravity work at MSFC and elsewhere with the objective of preparing a goal-oriented strategic planning document which could be used for informational/brochure purposes. The effort entailed numerous interactions and presentations with Field Center programmatic components and Headquarters personnel. Appropriate material was consolidated in a draft format for a MSFC Strategic Plan.

Halpern, Richard; Downey, Jim; Harvey, Harold

1991-01-01

181

Strategic Plan TU/e 2020  

E-print Network

/e 2020 . Strategic Plan Preface The world is facing major challenges in fields like energy, climate with these challenges. Industry, knowledge institutions and government are working together via regional and thematic, in Southeast Netherlands, has become one of Europe's most innova tive regions. However, global competition

Franssen, Michael

182

The Strategic Attitude: Integrating Strategic Planning into Daily University Worklife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chief financial officers in today's universities are so busy with the challenges of day-to-day management that strategic thinking often takes a back seat. Planning for strategic change can go a long way toward streamlining the very daily tasks that obscure the "big picture." Learning how to integrate strategic thinking into day-to-day management…

Dickmeyer, Nathan

2004-01-01

183

Strategic alliances fit pattern of industry innovation  

SciTech Connect

The strategic alliance, vitally important as an isolated practice in the oil and gas business, also fits a broad pattern of innovation by which the industry is redefining itself for prosperity in a new energy age. The industry is experiencing a renaissance in almost every aspect, from technological breakthroughs to innovative business practices to new products and markets. An inevitable outgrowth of such rapid and fundamental change is an evolution in business relationships. The strategic alliance is at the forefront of this trend. Development of new relationships capitalizes on, and partly results from, enormous advances in technology and finance. The paper discusses new relationships, the outsourcing rage, integrating work flows, and technological advances.

Crump, J.G. [Price Waterhouse, Houston, TX (United States). World Energy Group

1997-03-31

184

Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

Brewer, Jeffrey D.

2005-11-01

185

The construction of a "population problem" in colonial India, 1919-1947.  

PubMed

This article examines the construction of a "population problem" among public health officials in India during the inter-war period. British colonial officials came to focus on India's population through their concern with high Indian infant and maternal mortality rates. They raised the problem of population as one way in which to highlight the importance of dealing with public health at an all-India basis, in a context of constitutional devolution of power to Indians where they feared such matters would be relegated to relative local unimportance. While they failed to significantly shape government policy, their arguments in support of India's 'population problem' nevertheless found a receptive audience in the colonial public sphere among Indian intellectuals, economists, eugenicists, women social reformers and birth controllers. The article contributes to the history of population control by situating its pre-history in British colonial public health and development policy and outside the logic of USA's Cold War strategic planning for Asia. PMID:21961187

Nair, Rahul

2011-01-01

186

Strategic Technology JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

Strategic Technology Directions JET PROPULSION LABORATORY National Aeronautics and Space Administration 2 0 0 9 #12;© 2009 California Institute of Technology. Government sponsorship acknowledged. #12;Strategic Technology Directions 2009 offers a distillation of technologies, their links to space missions

Waliser, Duane E.

187

Insights & Perspectives Colony Collapse Disorder in context  

E-print Network

Insights & Perspectives Colony Collapse Disorder in context Geoffrey R. Williams1)2)Ã? , David R in the scientific literature (e.g. [5]), these losses are inappropri- ately equated with ``Colony Collapse Disorder'' or CCD, which is character- ized by the rapid disappearance of adult bees from colonies containing brood

Shutler, Dave

188

Ant Colonies for the Traveling Salesman Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an artificial ant colony capable of solving the traveling salesman problem (TSP).Ants of the artificial colony are able to generate successively shorter feasible tours by usinginformation accumulated in the form of a pheromone trail deposited on the edges of the TSPgraph. Computer simulations demonstrate that the artificial ant colony is capable of generatinggood solutions to both symmetric and

Luca Maria Gambardella; Marco Dorigo

1997-01-01

189

Confronting Colonialism and Racism: Fanon and Gandhi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fanon and Gandhi were products of colonial social formations, confronting the violence of racism embedded in colonial domination and control by seeking emancipation through political action. This article explores the trajectory of Gandhi's political engagement to empower the Asian laboring and trading classes, racially discriminated and politically marginalized by the imperial-colonial set up in South Africa from the 1890s to

Hira Singh

2007-01-01

190

STRATEGIC PLAN 2002 -2010  

E-print Network

System 8 C. Promote Workforce and Economic Development 10 D. Develop Our Human Resources: Recruitment Student Learning 14 III. Resource Requirements 17 IV. The Strategic Planning Process 19 Appendices, coupled with campus academic development plans, allowed us to focus our limited resources on our most

191

A Strategic Planning Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook outlines the Salem Community College's (New Jersey) Strategic Planning Initiative (SPI), which will enable the college to enter the 21st Century as an active agent in the educational advancement of the Salem community. SPI will allow college faculty, staff, students, and the local community to reflect on the vitality of the college…

Austin, William

192

Strategic BI for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implementing a complex business intelligence (BI) system at a small school or one with limited resources can seem daunting. For small to midsize schools and community colleges, a strategic BI initiative may still be an elusive goal. This article discusses how schools with limited resources are making the dream a reality.

Raths, David

2008-01-01

193

Budget & Planning Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

and training opportunities to remain at the forefront of national trends Strategic Goal 2: Continue to meet could result in the loss of funding and accreditation. Key retirements or attrition in the next few Enrollment, Student Financial Aid, Human Resources, Fall Enrollment, Graduation Rates, and Finance. o

Harms, Kyle E.

194

National Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil

R. M. Davis

1981-01-01

195

Strategic petroleum reserve expansion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes SPR benefits and proposes a general paradigm for Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) decision-making. It presents two modeling approaches to the general decision problem, each simplifying the problem in a different way and offering a distinct perspective. The first is the Teisberg model approach, applying dynamic programming, and we present some recent numerical results on the value of

P. N. Leiby; R. Lee

1989-01-01

196

Strategic Marketing for Presidents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to inform the marketing efforts of community college presidents, this document describes the importance of marketing, presents a targeted approach, and outlines the specific roles and skills needed by the president to ensure successful efforts and effective institutions. The first chapter, "Developing a Marketing-Strategic Plan," by…

Pappas, Richard J., Ed.

197

Strategically Planning to Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education, like the private sector, is searching for innovative ways to respond to demographic shifts, globalization, greater accountability, and new technologies. New organizational models are needed to meet these challenges. In a rapidly changing world, the development of such models can occur through effective strategic analysis and…

Atkins, Kemal

2010-01-01

198

Using Collaborative Strategic Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes collaborative strategic reading (CSR), a technique for teaching students, such as those with learning disabilities, reading comprehension and vocabulary skills in a cooperative setting. Covers teaching the four strategies of CSR (preview, click and clunk, get the gist, and wrap up), as well as teaching students cooperative learning group…

Klingner, Janette K.; Vaughn, Sharon

1998-01-01

199

External Strategic Planning Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a community reputation that has grown increasingly negative, the Los Angeles Community College District (LACCD) devised a strategic plan in 1998 to improve its programs and services and assure the educational success of its students. The planning process involved several steps: (1) revisiting the district mission statement; (2)…

Los Angeles Community Coll. District, CA. Office of Research and Planning.

200

Brief Strategic Family Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homework tasks are an essential com ponent of BSFT. Therapists strategically implement tasks to achieve improvements in family interactions that are directly related to the prevention or reduction of adolescent behavior problems. The use of tasks in BSFT is consistent with the model?s emphasis on having family members ?do? rather than simply ?talk about.? Tasks are assigned based on the

Michael S. Robbins; Jose’ Szapocznik; Gonzalo Pe’rez

201

STRATEGIC PLAN 2005 TO 2008  

E-print Network

STRATEGIC PLAN 2005 TO 2008 Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics Judith A. Todd of Science STRATEGIC PLANNING PROCESS The Engineering Science and Mechanics (ESM) strategic plan was developed through a participatory planning process. Two retreats were held in January 2003 and 2004

Demirel, Melik C.

202

STRATEGIC PLAN 2008 TO 2013  

E-print Network

Science and Mechanics (ESM) 2008-2013 Strategic Plan, approved in April 2008, built on initiatives and international priorities in Engineering and Science. The 2008-2013 Strategic Planning Committee is led interdisciplinary programs in Engineering Science and Mechanics. #12;INDEX Strategic Planning Process

Demirel, Melik C.

203

The Possibilities of Strategic Finance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic finance is aligning financial decisions--regarding revenues, creating and maintaining institutional assets, and using those assets--with the institution's mission and strategic plan. The concept known as "strategic finance" increasingly is being seen as a useful perspective for helping boards and presidents develop a sustainable…

Chaffee, Ellen

2010-01-01

204

Being Strategic in HE Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The call to be strategic--and with it the concept of strategic management--can bring to mind a wide range of definitions, and there is now a huge array of academic literature supporting the different schools of thought. At a basic level, however, strategic thinking is probably most simply about focusing on the whole, rather than the part. In…

West, Andrew

2008-01-01

205

Strategic Planning and Financial Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong financial management is a strategy for strategic planning success in student affairs. It is crucial that student affairs professionals understand the necessity of linking their strategic planning with their financial management processes. An effective strategic planner needs strong financial management skills to implement the plan over…

Conneely, James F.

2010-01-01

206

The American Colony in Jerusalem  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Colony in Jerusalem was founded in 1881 by two Midwesterners, Anna and Horatio Spafford, with the intent of beginning a Christian utopian society. Over the group's 60-year history, they were able to engage in a variety of philanthropic outreach efforts (such as running soup kitchens, hospitals, and orphanages) without proselytizing. Drawing on a number of pieces of historical ephemera donated by Mrs. Valentine Vester, the Library of Congress has created this online collection that documents the Colony's history and its work. Visitors can move through the different sections of the exhibit offered here, stopping to read brief descriptions of each featured item along the way. Overall, a very nice exhibit dedicated to one of the 20th centuries less well-known utopian communities.

207

Binary artificial bee colony optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Artificial bee colony (ABC) optimization is a rela- tively new population-based, stochastic optimization technique. ABC was developed to optimize unconstrained problems within continuous-valued domains. This paper proposes three versions of ABC that enable it to be applied to optimization problems with binary-valued domains. The performances of these binary ABC algorithms are compared on a benchmark of unconstrained optimization problems. The

G Pampara; A P Engelbrecht

2011-01-01

208

Ant Colony System for JSP  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper discusses the application of ACS metaheuristics (based on behaviour of real ants: stigmergy and synergetic effect\\u000a among ants) for Job-Shop Scheduling problem (JSP). This algorithm is improved by introducing the concept of critical events,\\u000a in which two new techniques will be applied. Thus, a more flexible heuristic technique is obtained, which improves the performance\\u000a of ant colony system

Urszula Boryczka

2004-01-01

209

Colony Defence and Natural Enemies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter discusses in detail individual honeybees fending off an enemy and the effects that can be rendered when whole\\u000a colony defence is a coordinated, social effort. Enemies extend from viruses to bears. Whatever the predator, the nesting styles\\u000a and nests of the bees afford a first line of defence. These are supplemented by various weapons, including stings, mandibles,\\u000a legs

Stefan Fuchs; Jürgen Tautz

210

Intracolonial genetic variation affects reproductive skew and colony productivity during colony foundation in a parthenogenetic termite  

PubMed Central

Background In insect societies, intracolonial genetic variation is predicted to affect both colony efficiency and reproductive skew. However, because the effects of genetic variation on these two colony characteristics have been tested independently, it remains unclear whether they are affected by genetic variation independently or in a related manner. Here we test the effect of genetic variation on colony efficiency and reproductive skew in a rhinotermitid termite, Reticulitermes speratus, a species in which female-female pairs can facultatively found colonies. We established colonies using two types of female-female pairs: colonies founded by sisters (i.e., sister-pair colonies) and those founded by females from different colonies (i.e., unrelated-pair colonies). Colony growth and reproductive skew were then compared between the two types of incipient colonies. Results At 15 months after colony foundation, unrelated-pair colonies were larger than sister-pair colonies, although the caste ratio between workers and nymphs, which were alternatively differentiated from young larvae, did not differ significantly. Microsatellite DNA analyses of both founders and their parthenogenetically produced offspring indicated that, in both sister-pair and unrelated-pair colonies, there was no significant skew in the production of eggs, larvae, workers and soldiers. Nymph production, however, was significantly more skewed in the sister-pair colonies than in unrelated-pair colonies. Because nymphs can develop into winged adults (alates) or nymphoid reproductives, they have a higher chance of direct reproduction than workers in this species. Conclusions Our results support the idea that higher genetic variation among colony members could provide an increase in colony productivity, as shown in hymenopteran social insects. Moreover, this study suggests that low genetic variation (high relatedness) between founding females increases reproductive skew via one female preferentially channeling her relatives along the reproductive track. This study thus demonstrated that, in social insects, intracolonial genetic variation can simultaneously affect both colony efficiency and reproductive skew. PMID:25123355

2014-01-01

211

Strategic Discovery and Sharing of Vulnerabilities in Competitive Environments  

E-print Network

Strategic Discovery and Sharing of Vulnerabilities in Competitive Environments MHR. Khouzani, Viet that eliminates firms' concerns on losing competitive advantages. This research provides an understanding telecommunication and finance to energy, healthcare and transportation, increasingly rely on cyberspace

212

Deadly competition between sibling bacterial colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a result of stress due to nutrient limitation or antibiotics, competing individual bacteria within a single colony may lyse sibling cells to release nutrients (cannibalism) or DNA (fratricide). However, we have recently shown that competition is not limited to individuals, but can occur at the colony level [A. Be'er et al., PNAS 106, 428 (2009); A. Be'er et al., PNAS 107, 6258 (2010).] In response to the presence of an encroaching sibling colony, Paenibacillus dendritiformis bacteria secrete a lethal protein, lysing cells at the interface between the colonies. Analysis of the proteins secreted by these competing sibling colonies, combined with a mathematical model, shows how colonies maintain their growth by self-regulating the secretion of two proteins: subtilisin (a well-known growth promoter), and Slf (a previously unknown protein, which is lethal). The results also explain why a single colony is not inhibited by its own secretions.

Be'Er, Avraham

2011-03-01

213

Statement of Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, US House of Representatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) is reviewed for the subcommittee. There are over 430 million barrels of crude oil in the reserve. The fill rate goal of 186,000 b\\/d for 1984 has been fulfilled. Development of Phase II is continuing on schedule. SPR distribution capabilities are discussed in detail as well as SPR management and contracting operations.

Furiga

1984-01-01

214

Strategic planning revisited.  

PubMed

The purpose of strategic planning is to create a favorable match between the organization's characteristics and its environment. Managers often focus exclusively on adapting the organization to circumstances in its environment. This approach overlooks opportunities for fostering environmental changes that will be favorable for the organization. Such changes often can be achieved through political action. Political action is an extension of the process of maximizing opportunities and averting threats. It requires the additional work of policy analysis and stakeholder assessment followed by developing and implementing a political strategy. The strategy must consider the possibilities for effective intervention at one or more of the five stages of the policy process. The choices also must take into account the positions of other stakeholders and the costs and benefits that the organization anticipates from each of the four strategic approaches: indirect action, collaboration, negotiation, and contest. PMID:10138949

Reeves, P N

1994-01-01

215

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2012-01-01

216

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2014-01-01

217

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2011-01-01

218

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

219

Colonial and Cellular Polymorphism in Xenorhabdus luminescens  

PubMed Central

A highly polymorphic Xenorhabdus luminescens strain was isolated. The primary form of X. luminescens was luminescent and nonswarming and produced a yellow pigment and antimicrobial substances. The primary form generated a secondary form that had a distinct orange pigmentation, was weakly luminescent, and did not produce antimicrobial substances. Both the primary and secondary forms generated a set of colony variants at frequencies that exceeded normal rates for spontaneous mutation. The variant forms include nonswarming and swarming forms that formed large colonies and a small-colony (SC) form. The primary and secondary forms generated their SC forms at frequencies of between 1 and 14% and 1 and 2%, respectively. The SC forms were distinct from their parental primary and secondary forms in colony and cellular morphology and in protein composition. The cellular morphology and protein patterns of the nonswarming and swarming colony variants were all very similar. The DNA fingerprints of all forms were similar. Each SC-form colony reverted at high frequency to the form from which it was derived. The proportion of parental-type cells in the SC-form colonies varied with age, with young colonies containing as few as 0.0002% parental-type cells. The primary-to-secondary switch was stable, but all the other colony forms were able to switch at high frequencies to the alternative colony phenotypes. Images PMID:16347906

Hurlbert, Ronald E.; Xu, Jimin; Small, Christopher L.

1989-01-01

220

Strategic scene generation model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) must simulate the detection, acquisition, discrimination and tracking of anticipated targets and predict the effect of natural and man-made background phenomena on optical sensor systems designed to perform these tasks. NRL is developing such a capability using a computerized methodology to provide modeled data in the form of digital realizations of complex, dynamic scenes. The Strategic Scene Generation Model (SSGM) is designed to integrate state-of-science knowledge, data bases and computerized phenomenology models to simulate strategic engagement scenarios and to support the design, development and test of advanced surveillance systems. Multi-phenomenology scenes are produced from validated codes--thereby serving as a standard against which different SDI concepts and designs can be tested. This paper describes the SSGM design architecture, the software modules and databases which are used to create scene elements, the synthesis of deterministic and/or stochastic structured scene elements into composite scenes, the software system to manage the various databases and digital image libraries, and verification and validation by comparison with measured data. The focus will be on the functionality and development schedule of the Baseline Model (SSGMB) which is currently being implemented.

Heckathorn, Harry M.; Anding, David C.

1992-09-01

221

Colonial Landscape and Rock Origin  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is designed to help students develop appreciation and ownership for the natural world around them with the hope of increasing their interest in exploring and questioning the processes that created land forms. Some familiarity with stone walls and with colonial New England is helpful; the students should learn to understand how human endeavors affect the landscape. After taking a nature walk (hopefully in an area where there are stone walls), they will participate in an activity in which they "build" a model wall using stones buried in a plastic tray.

222

2003 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Protecting National, Energy, and Economic Security with Advanced Science and Technology and Ensuring Environmental Cleanup  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy contributes to the future of the Nation by ensuring energy security, maintaining the safety, security and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile, cleaning up the environment from the legacy of the Cold War, and developing innovations in science and technology. After 25 years in existence, the Department now operates 24 preeminent research laboratories and facilities and four power marketing administrations, and manages the environmental cleanup from 50 years of nuclear defense activities that impacted two million acres in communities across the country. The Department has an annual budget of about $23 billion and employs about 14,500 Federal and 100,000 contractor employees. The Department of Energy is principally a national security agency and all of its missions flow from this core mission to support national security. That is true not just today, but throughout the history of the agency. The origins of the Department can be traced to the Manhattan Project and the race to develop the atomic bomb during World War II. Following the war, Congress engaged in a vigorous and contentious debate over civilian versus military control of the atom. The Atomic Energy Act of 1946 settled the debate by creating the Atomic Energy Commission, which took over the Manhattan Project’s sprawling scientific and industrial complex.

None,

2003-09-30

223

Conceptual design of a lunar colony  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A systems engineering study is presented for a proposed lunar colony. The lunar colony was to grow from an existent, 12-man, earth-dependent lunar surface base and was to utilize lunar resources, becoming as earth-independent as possible. An in-depth treatment of some of the aspects of the lunar colony was given. We have found that the use of lunar resources is feasible for oxygen production (both for breathing and for space tug fuel), food production, and building materials. A program is outlined for recycling waste materials developed at the colony as well as a full program for growth and research activity of the colony to a level of 180 colonists. Recommendations for the lunar colony are given.

Dalton, C. (editor); Hohmann, E. (editor)

1972-01-01

224

The MacDowell Colony Exhibition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Artist colonies have always fascinated the American public, and whether they have been informally organized or not, they seem to provide great opportunities for a variety of collaborations. One of the oldest of these colonies is the MacDowell Colony in Peterborough, New Hampshire. The colony was started in 1907 by the composer Edward MacDowell and his wife Marian, and over the past century it has been host to the likes of Willa Cather, Leonard Bernstein, Thorntown Wilder, and James Baldwin. This site was created in conjunction with an in situ exhibit at the Thomas Jefferson Building at the Library of Congress, and visitors to the site will be able to learn about the history of the colony through first-hand accounts, video clips featuring the curators of the exhibit, and objects that have been part of the colony's history. Some of these digitized objects include photographs, manuscripts, and musical scores.

225

Colonie Interim Storage Site annual site environmental report for calendar year 1989, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

IN 1984, Congress assigned the cleanup of the National Lead (NL) Industries site in Colonie, New York, to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a decontamination research and development project under the 1984 Energy and Water Appropriations Act. DOE then included the site in the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), an existing DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sites where residual radioactive materials remain for the early years of the nation's atomic energy program. DOE instituted an environmental monitoring program at the site in 1984. Results are presented annually in reports such as this. Under FUSRAP, the first environmental monitoring report for this site presented data for calendar year 1984. This report presents the findings of the environmental monitoring program conducted during calendar year 1989. 16 refs., 17 figs., 14 tabs.

Not Available

1990-05-01

226

comprenant dix colonies chacun, dix autres colonies (C) servaient de tmoins. Le trai-  

E-print Network

frames with- out foundation was 97 % (two to three evap- orators/colony, FA 60 %; SD = 4; n = 16). When = 1, n = 6) and 71 % (one per colony, FA 60 %; SD = 25; n = 18), respectively. The 'Universal'-evap

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

227

Strategic Plan for Information Technology  

E-print Network

..........................................................................8 Security, Regulatory Mandates, and Business Continuity Strategic Plan for Information Technology Services, 2008-2013 Fulfilling the Promise ...........................................................................................10 Management of Change and Workforce Planning

Maroncelli, Mark

228

The Graduate School Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

The Graduate School Strategic Plan 2008-2013 #12;Table of Contents VISION.....................................................................27 III. Graduate School ­ Service Component ........................................................................................................................... 7 I. Graduate Student Profile

Omiecinski, Curtis

229

Simple, safe, effective destruction of honey bees in swarms, feral colonies, and managed colonies  

E-print Network

SIMPLE, SAFE, EFFECTIVE DESTRUCTION OF HONEY BEES IN SWARMS, FERAL COLONIES, AND MANAGED COLONIES A Thesis by WILLIAM JAMES SAMES IV Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Entomology SIMPLE, SAFE, EFFECTIVE DESTRUCTION OF HONEY BEES IN SWARMS, FERAL COLONIES, AND MANAGED COLONIES A Thesis by WILLIAM JAMES SAMES IV Approved as to style...

Sames, William James

2012-06-07

230

National strategic petroleum reserve.  

PubMed

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil reserve in the world. Facilities for expanding the reserve's capacity by another 290 million barrels are being developed by solution-mining in salt domes. PMID:17847458

Davis, R M

1981-08-01

231

Strategic petroleum reserve expansion  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes SPR benefits and proposes a general paradigm for Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) decision-making. It presents two modeling approaches to the general decision problem, each simplifying the problem in a different way and offering a distinct perspective. The first is the Teisberg model approach, applying dynamic programming, and we present some recent numerical results on the value of SPR capacity expansion. The shortcomings of the Teisberg approach are then highlighted, motivating the application of an alternative modeling method. We use the second modeling method, called the Hogan-Leiby Risk Analysis model, to obtain some comparative results on SPR expansion benefits. 6 refs., 7 figs.

Leiby, P.N.; Lee, R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1989-01-01

232

Strategic implementation plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Life Science Division of the NASA Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA) describes its plans for assuring the health, safety, and productivity of astronauts in space, and its plans for acquiring further fundamental scientific knowledge concerning space life sciences. This strategic implementation plan details OSSA's goals, objectives, and planned initiatives. The following areas of interest are identified: operational medicine; biomedical research; space biology; exobiology; biospheric research; controlled ecological life support; flight programs and advance technology development; the life sciences educational program; and earth benefits from space life sciences.

1989-01-01

233

Copyright 2012 Strategic Management Society Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal  

E-print Network

Copyright © 2012 Strategic Management Society Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal Strat. Entrepreneurship J., 6: 116­132 (2012) Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI: 10 successfully compete. There are several open issues. First, it is unclear whether these findings generalize

Prinz, Friedrich B.

234

Collective control of nest climate parameters in bumblebee colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined two aspects of the social control of nest climate in bumblebee colonies: which parameters of nest climate bumblebees actively down-regulate by fanning and the dynamics of the colony response as colony size increased. Colonies of Bombus terrestris were exposed to an increase in carbon dioxide, temperature or relative humidity. We performed 70 temperature trials (six colonies), 58 CO2

ANJA WEIDENMU LLER; CHRISTOPH KLEINEIDAM; RGEN TAUTZ

2002-01-01

235

Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to

Dennis vanEngelsdorp; Jay D. Evans; Claude Saegerman; Chris Mullin; Eric Haubruge; Bach Kim Nguyen; Maryann Frazier; Jim Frazier; Diana Cox-Foster; Yanping Chen; Robyn Underwood; David R. Tarpy; Jeffery S. Pettis

2009-01-01

236

Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundOver the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to better

Dennis Vanengelsdorp; Jay D. Evans; Claude Saegerman; Chris Mullin; Eric Haubruge; Bach Kim Nguyen; Maryann Frazier; Jim Frazier; Diana Cox-Foster; Yanping Chen; Robyn Underwood; David R. Tarpy; Jeffery S. Pettis; Justin Brown

2009-01-01

237

March 2008 BEE CULTURE 53 Your Colony  

E-print Network

March 2008 BEE CULTURE 53 Evaluating Your Colony & Your Queen Deformed wing virus. Jennifer Berry and the 1st week of March appears, we southerners realize that crunch time is upon us. There are only a few short weeks to get our colonies set and ready to go. Otherwise nectar will be left untouched

Delaplane, Keith S.

238

``Educational Problems of the Colonial Territories''  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN the leading article in Nature of August 20 on ``Educational Problems of the Colonial Territories'', it is stated that ``only some 450 scientists are at present engaged in Colonial research'', and that ``any expansion in research must draw largely on the limited supplies of scientific and technical man-power in Britain itself''. Most British scientific workers are superannuated at the

J. B. S. Haldane

1955-01-01

239

Post-Colonial Recovering and Healing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notions of white supremacy, racism, sexism, and patriarchy constitute the power relationships and hierarchical structures of colonialism. Power is accessed when certain cultural forms are made to prevail over others, thus producing racialized and marginalized identities. The will to control what is different is the main tenet of colonialism

Weenie, Angelina

240

Colonialism in Modern America: The Appalachian Case.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this book illustrate a conceptual model for analyzing the social and economic problems of the Appalachian region. The model is variously called Colonialism, Internal Colonialism, Exploitation, or External Oppression. It highlights the process through which dominant outside industrial interests establish control, exploit the region,…

Lewis, Helen Matthews, Ed.; And Others

241

Managing Varroa Mites in Honey Bee Colonies  

E-print Network

Managing Varroa Mites in Honey Bee Colonies The varroa mite (Varroa destructor) is the most serious pest of honey bee colonies worldwide. This parasite was first detected in North Carolina in 1990, having been introduced to the U.S. just three years earlier. Virtually all feral (or "wild") honey bee

Tarpy, David R.

242

Deadly competition between sibling bacterial colonies  

PubMed Central

Bacteria can secrete a wide array of antibacterial compounds when competing with other bacteria for the same resources. Some of these compounds, such as bacteriocins, can affect bacteria of similar or closely related strains. In some cases, these secretions have been found to kill sibling cells that belong to the same colony. Here, we present experimental observations of competition between 2 sibling colonies of Paenibacillus dendritiformis grown on a low-nutrient agar gel. We find that neighboring colonies (growing from droplet inoculation) mutually inhibit growth through secretions that become lethal if the level exceeds a well-defined threshold. In contrast, within a single colony developing from a droplet inoculation, no growth inhibition is observed. However, growth inhibition and cell death are observed if material extracted from the agar between 2 growing colonies is introduced outside a growing single colony. To interpret the observations, we devised a simple mathematical model for the secretion of an antibacterial compound. Simulations of this model illustrate how secretions from neighboring colonies can be deadly, whereas secretions from a single colony growing from a droplet are not. PMID:19129489

Be'er, Avraham; Zhang, H. P.; Florin, E.-L.; Payne, Shelley M.; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Swinney, Harry L.

2009-01-01

243

Strategic forward contracting and observability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, Allaz (1992) characterized strategic and hedging incentives for entering forward contracts in a two-stage duopoly setting under the implicit assumption that positions in forward contracts are publicly observable. However, credible disclosure of such positions is, at best, costly and subject to noise. Our purpose in this paper is to examine the effects of observability on the interdependency between strategic

John S. Hughes; Jennifer L. Kao

1997-01-01

244

The Search for Strategic Silence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Media content analysts seldom observe the principle that editorial omissions are as telling as what is published or broadcast; hence, the purpose of this paper is to explore, and thus stimulate debate about, editorial omissions or "strategic silence." It is observed that as a concept, strategic silence embraces both tact and strategy--the former…

Lentz, Richard

245

University Art Collection Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

. The Wayne State University Art Collection serves as an important educational resource where the campusUniversity Art Collection Strategic Plan 2009-2014 #12;University Art Collection Strategic Plan - Overview About the Collection From its modest beginnings in the 1960's, the Wayne State University Art

Rajlich, Vaclav

246

November 12, 2007 Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

November 12, 2007 Strategic Plan 2007-2008 Center for Intensive Planted-forest Silviculture (CIPS Timber George McFadden, USDI-Bureau of Land Management Scott McLeod, Washington Deparment of Natural of July 31, 2007 Strategic Plan CIPS Center for Intensive Planted-forest Silviculture Vision To develop

247

Semantic enrichment of strategic datacubes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the information system view, the reference architecture for strategic and decision support is based on the Data Warehouse architecture, that enables flexible and multidimensional analysis of strategic indexes by means of OLAP tools and reports. In this paper we propose a novel model for semantic annotation of Data Warehouse schema that takes into account domain ontologies as well as

Claudia Diamantini; Domenico Potena

2008-01-01

248

Critical Approaches to Strategic Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is only comparatively recently that 'strategic management' has been labelled, studied, and privileged as a field of managerial practice and schol- arly attention (Knights and Morgan, 1991). Many business schools have crowned their programmes with a 'capstone' course in strategic manage- ment, which is intended to provide a 'top-management perspective', in addi- tion to fostering a familiarity with the

David L. Levy; Mats Alvesson; Hugh Willmott

249

NASA Space Sciences Strategic Planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of strategic planning roadmap is to:Fulfill the strategic planning requirements; Provide a guide to the science community in presenting research requests to NASA; Inform and inspire; Focus investments in technology and research for future missions; and Provide the scientific and technical justification for augmentation requests.

Crane, Philippe

2004-01-01

250

Strategic Planning Is an Oxymoron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The thinking on "strategic thinking" has evolved significantly over the years. In the previous century, the independent school strategy was to focus on long-range planning, blithely projecting 10 years into the future. For decades this worked well enough, but in the late 20th century, independent schools shifted to "strategic planning," with its…

Bassett, Patrick F.

2012-01-01

251

COVASIAM: an Image Analysis Method That Allows Detection of Confluent Microbial Colonies and Colonies of Various Sizes for Automated Counting  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we introduce the confluent and various sizes image analysis method (COVASIAM), an auto- mated colony count technique that uses digital imaging technology for detection and separation of confluent microbial colonies and colonies of various sizes growing on petri dishes. The proposed method takes advantage of the optical properties of the surfaces of most microbial colonies. Colonies in

G. CORKIDI; R. DIAZ-URIBE; J. L. FOLCH-MALLOL; J. NIETO-SOTELO

252

Public health developments in colonial Malaya: colonialism and the politics of prevention.  

PubMed Central

In both African and Asian colonies until the late 19th century, colonial medicine operated pragmatically to meet the medical needs first of colonial officers and troops, immigrant settlers, and laborers responsible for economic development, then of indigenous populations when their ill health threatened the well-being of the expatriate population. Since the turn of the century, however, the consequences of colonial expansion and development for indigenous people's health had become increasingly apparent, and disease control and public health programs were expanded in this light. These programs increased government surveillance of populations at both community and household levels. As a consequence, colonial states extended institutional oversight and induced dependency through public health measures. Drawing on my own work on colonial Malaya, I illustrate developments in public health and their links to the moral logic of colonialism and its complementarity to the political economy. PMID:9987478

Manderson, L

1999-01-01

253

Tetrazolium staining by optical scanning overestimates colony size and number of colonies counted.  

PubMed

We measured the effect that staining with 2-(P-iodophenyl)-3-(p-nitrophenyl)-5-phenyl tetrazolium chloride (INT) had on the number and size distribution of tumor colonies counted using an optical image analyzer (FAS II). Staining increased the number of tumor colonies counted. By using opaque tumor cells or pigmented melanoma cells and measuring colony growth kinetics, we demonstrated that the use of INT staining to assist in counting tumor colonies artificially increased the size of viable tumor cell aggregates by adding a red precipitate to the outside surface of the cells. Laboratories that are using the INT method for drug screening are probably measuring colonies down to and below 42 microns in diameter. These small colonies could result from as few as one or two divisions. Thus, potentially useful drugs may be missed in the screen because of the presence of abortive colonies: i.e., lethally damaged cells completing only one or two divisions. PMID:3429933

Bregman, M D; Buckmeier, J; Meyskens, F L

1987-11-01

254

Strategic cycling: shaking complacency in healthcare strategic planning.  

PubMed

As the conditions affecting business and healthcare organizations in the United States have become more turbulent and uncertain, strategic planning has decreased in popularity. Strategic planning is criticized for stiffling creative responses to the new marketplace and for fostering compartmentalized organizations, adherence to outmoded strategies, tunnel vision in strategy formulation, and overemphasis on planning to the detriment of implementation. However, effective strategic planning can be a force for mobilizing all the constituents of an organization, creating discipline in pursuit of a goal, broadening an organization's perspective, improving communication among disciplines, and motivating the organization's workforce. It is worthwhile for healthcare organizations to preserve these benefits of strategic planning at the same time recognizing the many sources of turbulence and uncertainty in the healthcare environment. A model of "strategic cycling" is presented to address the perceived shortcomings of traditional strategic planning in a dynamic environment. The cycling model facilitates continuous assessment of the organization's mission/values/vision and primary strategies based on feedback from benchmark analysis, shareholder impact, and progress in strategy implementation. Multiple scenarios and contingency plans are developed in recognition of the uncertain future. The model represents a compromise between abandoning strategic planning and the traditional, linear model of planning based on progress through predetermined stages to a masterpiece plan. PMID:10621138

Begun, J; Heatwole, K B

1999-01-01

255

2006 NASA Strategic Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On January 14, 2004, President George W. Bush announced A Renewed Spirit of Discovery: The President's Vision for U.S. Space Exploration, a new directive for the Nation's space program. The fundamental goal of this directive is "to advance U.S. scientific, security, and economic interests through a robust space exploration program." In issuing it, the President committed the Nation to a journey of exploring the solar system and beyond: returning to the Moon in the next decade, then venturing further into the solar system, ultimately sending humans to Mars and beyond. He challenged NASA to establish new and innovative programs to enhance understanding of the planets, to ask new questions, and to answer questions that are as old as humankind. NASA enthusiastically embraced the challenge of extending a human presence throughout the solar system as the Agency's Vision, and in the NASA Authorization Act of 2005, Congress endorsed the Vision for Space Exploration and provided additional guidance for implementation. NASA is committed to achieving this Vision and to making all changes necessary to ensure success and a smooth transition. These changes will include increasing internal collaboration, leveraging personnel and facilities, developing strong, healthy NASA Centers,a nd fostering a safe environment of respect and open communication for employees at all levels. NASA also will ensure clear accountability and solid program management and reporting practices. Over the next 10 years, NASA will focus on six Strategic Goals to move forward in achieving the Vision for Space Exploration. Each of the six Strategic Goals is clearly defined and supported by multi-year outcomes that will enhance NASA's ability to measure and report Agency accomplishments in this quest.

2006-01-01

256

Colony image acquisition system and segmentation algorithms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a novel colony analysis system including an adjustable image acquisition subsystem and a wavelet-watershed-based image segmentation algorithm. An illumination box was constructed--both front lightning and back lightning illuminations can be chosen by users based on the properties of Petri dishes. In the illumination box, the lightning is uniform, which makes image processing easy. A digital camera at the top of the box is connected to a PC computer; all the camera functions are controlled by the developed computer software in this study. As usual, in the image processing part, the hardest task is image segmentation which is carried out by the four different algorithms: 1. recursive image segmentation on gray similarity; 2. canny edge detection-based segmentation; 3. the combination of 1 and 2, and 4. colony delineation on wavelet and watershed. The first three algorithms can obtain good results for ordinary colony images, and for the images including a lot of small (tiny) colonies and dark colonies and overlapping (or touching) colonies, the algorithm 4 can obtain better results than the others. The algorithms are tested by using a large number of different colony images, and the testing results are satisfactory.

Wang, Weixing

2011-12-01

257

REVIEW of APPLICATION of ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION  

E-print Network

Ant colony optimization is a technique for optimization that was introduced in the early 1990's. The inspiring source of ant colony optimization is the foraging behavior of real ant colonies.Ant colony optimization is new meta-heuristic that has proven it’s quality & versatility on various combinatorial optimization problems such as Traveling Salesman Problem, Vehicle routing problem. The main characteristic of this model are positive feedback, distributed computation, and the use of a constructive greedy heuristic. Positive feedback accounts for rapid discovery of good solutions,distributed computations avoids premature convergence, and greedy heuristic helps find acceptable solutions in early stages of the search process.In Ant Colony System, a set of cooperating agents called ants cooperate to find good solutions to TSP as well as VRP like problems. Ants cooperate using an indirect communication mediated by a pheromone they deposit on the edges of the graph.This behavior is exploited in artificial ant colonies for the search of approximate solutions to discrete optimization problems, to continuous optimization problems, and to important problems in telecommunications, such as routing and load balancing. First, we deal with the biological inspiration of ant colony optimization algorithms. We show how this biological inspiration can be transferred into an algorithm for discrete optimization.

Miss Hiteshri S. Khandre

258

Introduction to the Strategic Environmental Assessment System  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Environmental Assessment System (SEAS) is an integrated set of computer programs and associated data bases used to project and analyze national and regional environmental trends. The two major users of SEAS are the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These agencies use SEAS to project the likely emissions of key pollutants given specific assumptions concerning environmental regulations, future levels of energy supply, and economic activity. This introduction to SEAS discusses how the model has been used in specific applications, the general model structure, the data base, and the available documentation.

Narkus-Kramer, M.; Rebibo, K.; Borko, B.; Dossani, N.; Hutchison, R.; Smith, B.; Weiss, A.

1980-10-01

259

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law No. 94-163), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual and quarterly reports to the President and the Congress on activities to develop the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. This report combines the fourth quarter, 1989 Quarterly Report with the 1989 Annual Report. The following topics are discussed: storage facilities development; oil acquisition and transportation; other project activities which include, procurement and contractor support, real estate, environmental compliance and permits, and security; budget and finance; and drawdown and distribution system and vulnerability impact. 9 figs., 8 tabs.

Not Available

1990-02-15

260

Opportunity Evaluation and Implementation: Providing Strategic Energy Solutions through Thoughtful Planning and Practical Know-How to Produce Groundbreaking Results (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) only national laboratory focused on renewable energy and energy efficiency. For more than 35 years, our energy research, development, analysis, commercialization, and deployment work with public and private sector partners around the world has catalyzed the expansion of global clean energy solutions.

Not Available

2013-10-01

261

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

Not Available

1991-08-15

262

Evolutional Ant Colony Method Using PSO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ant colony method is one of heuristic methods capable of solving the traveling salesman problem (TSP), in which a good tour is generated by the artificial ant's probabilistic behavior. However, the generated tour length depends on the parameter describing the ant's behavior, and the best parameters corresponding to the problem to be solved is unknown. In this technical note, the evolutional strategy is presented to find the best parameter of the ant colony by using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) in the parameter space. Numerical simulations for benchmarks demonstrate effectiveness of the evolutional ant colony method.

Morii, Nobuto; Aiyoshi, Eitarou

263

Strategic Minerals and Materials Policy. Hearings of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, First Session, April 1, 7, and 9, 1981  

SciTech Connect

These three days of hearings were held to discuss the factors contributing to the present dependency on foreign sources for strategic and critical minerals and materials and on the struggle for control over Persian Gulf energy and African minerals. The principal witness, Secretary of the Interior James G. Watt, outlined the new administration's policies for developing domestic resources. Policies for maintaining a strong mining industry and development on public lands will be tied to a sound economic base in order to reduce inflation and interest rates. Other witnesses included members of Congress, representatives of the mining industry, and government agencies. The hearing record includes their testimony, answers to questions posed to government agencies, and additional material submitted for the record. (DCK)

Not Available

1981-01-01

264

Strategic petroleum reserve. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The United States Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was established by the passing of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act on December 22, 1975. It acts as the U.S.'s first line of defense against oil supply disruptions, both foreign and domestic. As of September 1993, the SPR contained 585.7 million barrels of crude oil. Since the program's inception, the nation has enthusiastically endorsed the SPR program; however, many questions remain concerning its funding and future. These questions are discussed and analyzed in the pages that follow. It is important to understand the U.S.'s dependence on imported crude oil and therefore its vulnerability to a disruption in the supply of that oil. In 1992, the U.S. relied on foreign sources for 45 percent of its oil requirements. The U.S. economy is dependent upon oil for its growth, but is it susceptible to a supply disruption. The U.S. is somewhat vulnerable to oil supply disruptions and will become more dependent on foreign oil if current consumption continue. If oil supplies were spread evenly throughout the world, the U.S. would not be as subject to disruptions as it is now; however, oil supplies are concentrated in only a few areas, particularly the Middle East.

Stanley, W.R.

1994-05-01

265

The evolving role of strategic management development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To validate conceptual frameworks for strategic management development. Also, to test the hypothesis that the objectives and design of a strategic management development programme need to match the organisation's level of commitment to strategic management and the degree of maturity of its strategic management processes and competencies, in order that the programme can be effective in enhancing the

Paul Brown

2005-01-01

266

Strategic Groups: Theory, Research and Taxonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the concept of strategic groups, focusing upon the importance of intra-industry strategic groupings in understanding differences across firms within an industry. The problems involved in identifying strategic groups within industries are examined through a comprehensive review of recent studies. It is demonstrated that much of the research has used surrogates for elements of a firm's strategic direction,

Howard THOMAS; John McGee

1986-01-01

267

Physical Plant Strategic Plan 2012 PHYSICAL PLANT  

E-print Network

;Physical Plant Strategic Plan ­ 2012 2 GOALS, CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS, and OBJECTIVES (includingPhysical Plant Strategic Plan ­ 2012 1 PHYSICAL PLANT 2012 STRATEGIC PLAN Strategic Planning and Assessment Reports MISSION STATEMENT The Physical Plant provides building and service environments conducive

Gelfond, Michael

268

Physical Plant Strategic Plan 2010 PHYSICAL PLANT  

E-print Network

;Physical Plant Strategic Plan ­ 2010 2 GOALS, CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS, and OBJECTIVES (includingPhysical Plant Strategic Plan ­ 2010 1 PHYSICAL PLANT 2010 STRATEGIC PLAN Strategic Planning and Assessment Reports MISSION STATEMENT The Physical Plant provides building and service environments conducive

Westfall, Peter H.

269

Underground Coal Gasification at Tennessee Colony  

E-print Network

The Tennessee Colony In Situ Coal Gasification Project conducted by Basic Resources Inc. is the most recent step in Texas Utilities Company's ongoing research into the utilization of Texas lignite. The project, an application of the Soviet...

Garrard, C. W.

1979-01-01

270

Morphology of Mature Mycobacterium ulcerans Colonies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Macroscopic examination reveals the presence of large and small Mycobacterium ulcerans colonies after 3 and 5 months of growth at 30ðC on Middlebrook 7H10 agar supplemented with 10% oleic acid, albumin, dextrose, and catalase (OADC).

Shelley Haydel (Arizona State University;); Caitlin Otto (Arizona State University;)

2011-04-28

271

Identification of a Colonial Chordate Histocompatibility Gene  

PubMed Central

Histocompatibility is the basis by which multicellular organisms of the same species distinguish self from non-self. Relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying histocompatibility reactions in lower organisms. Botryllus schlosseri is a colonial urochordate, a sister group of vertebrates, that exhibits a genetically determined natural transplantation reaction, whereby self-recognition between colonies leads to formation of parabionts with a common vasculature, whereas rejection occurs between incompatible colonies. Using genetically defined lines, whole-transcriptome sequencing, and genomics, we identified a single gene that encodes self/non-self and determines “graft” outcomes in this organism. This gene is significantly upregulated in colonies poised to undergo fusion or rejection, is highly expressed in the vasculature, and is functionally linked to histocompatibility outcomes. These findings establish a platform for advancing the science of allorecognition. PMID:23888037

Voskoboynik, Ayelet; Newman, Aaron M.; Corey, Daniel M.; Sahoo, Debashis; Pushkarev, Dmitry; Neff, Norma F.; Passarelli, Benedetto; Koh, Winston; Ishizuka, Katherine J.; Palmeri, Karla J.; Dimov, Ivan K.; Keasar, Chen; Fan, H. Christina; Mantalas, Gary L.; Sinha, Rahul; Penland, Lolita; Quake, Stephen R.; Weissman, Irving L.

2013-01-01

272

Optical image acquisition system for colony analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For counting of both colonies and plaques, there is a large number of applications including food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing, AMES testing, pharmaceuticals, paints, sterile fluids and fungal contamination. Recently, many researchers and developers have made efforts for this kind of systems. By investigation, some existing systems have some problems since they belong to a new technology product. One of the main problems is image acquisition. In order to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed as: the box includes front lightning and back lightning, which can be selected by users based on properties of colony dishes. With the illumination box, lightning can be uniform; colony dish can be put in the same place every time, which make image processing easy. A digital camera in the top of the box connected to a PC computer with a USB cable, all the camera functions are controlled by the computer.

Wang, Weixing; Jin, Wenbiao

2006-02-01

273

The Development of the Roman Colonies  

E-print Network

KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Pre-1923 Dissertations and Theses Collection The Development of the Roman Colonies 1910 by Bartel Edward Ebel This work was digitized by the Scholarly Communications program staff in the KU Libraries...

Ebel, Bartell Edward

1910-01-01

274

Academic Testing Services STRATEGIC PLAN  

E-print Network

proctored testing services administered in a secure and appropriate standardized testing environment. VISION and Diversity: Provide quality standardized testing options that provide alternative options for earning collegeAcademic Testing Services STRATEGIC PLAN 2009 MISSION STATEMENT Academic Testing Services provides

Rock, Chris

275

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This August 15, 1989, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1989 through June 30, 1989.

Not Available

1989-08-15

276

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This November 15, 1988, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period July 1, 1988 through September 30, 1988.

Not Available

1988-11-15

277

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This May 15, 1989, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1989 through March 31, 1989.

Not Available

1989-05-15

278

Strategic Planning - NCI OSPA Website  

Cancer.gov

OSPA guides the NCI Divisions, Offices, and Centers (DOCs) in developing goals and strategies that will collectively help NCI achieve its vision. OSPA begins this process by educating NCI staff about the purpose, value, and process of strategic panning.

279

ColonyArea: An ImageJ Plugin to Automatically Quantify Colony Formation in Clonogenic Assays  

PubMed Central

The clonogenic or colony formation assay is a widely used method to study the number and size of cancer cell colonies that remain after irradiation or cytotoxic agent administration and serves as a measure for the anti-proliferative effect of these treatments. Alternatively, this assay is used to quantitate the transforming potential of cancer associated genes and chemical agents. Therefore, there is a need for a simplified and standardized analysis of colony formation assays for both routine laboratory use and for parallelized automated analysis. Here we describe the freely available ImageJ-plugin “ColonyArea”, which is optimized for rapid and quantitative analysis of focus formation assays conducted in 6- to 24-well dishes. ColonyArea processes image data of multi-well dishes, by separating, concentrically cropping and background correcting well images individually, before colony formation is quantitated. Instead of counting the number of colonies, ColonyArea determines the percentage of area covered by crystal violet stained cell colonies, also taking the intensity of the staining and therefore cell density into account. We demonstrate that these parameters alone or in combination allow for robust quantification of IC50 values of the cytotoxic effect of two staurosporines, UCN-01 and staurosporine (STS) on human glioblastoma cells (T98G). The relation between the potencies of the two compounds compared very well with that obtained from an absorbance based method to quantify colony growth and to published data. The ColonyArea ImageJ plugin provides a simple and efficient analysis routine to quantitate assay data of one of the most commonly used cellular assays. The bundle is freely available for download as supporting information. We expect that ColonyArea will be of broad utility for cancer biologists, as well as clinical radiation scientists. PMID:24647355

Kaur, Amanpreet; Westermarck, Jukka; Abankwa, Daniel

2014-01-01

280

Transient nature of early haematopoietic spleen colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certain cells (CFU-S) in the haematopoietic tissues of mice are able to form macroscopic nodules in the spleen 7-14 days after injection in heavily irradiated recipient mice1. At 7-9 days, most of the spleen colonies contain recognizable cells of one predominant haematopoietic lineage2, and do not contain cells capable of spleen colony formation on injection in secondary hosts3. However, by

M. C. Magli; N. N. Iscove; N. Odartchenko

1982-01-01

281

Arizona Diabetes Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Diabetes is a serious and costly disease in Arizona. The number of people with diabetes in Arizona grows each year. In fact, since 1990 the prevalence of diabetes in Arizona has doubled from 4 percent to 8.5 percent in 2006. We know that type 2 diabetes, which is the most common type of diabetes, can be prevented and that people with diabetes can live healthy and long lives with the proper care. Through education, increasing access to care, and other public health strategies, we have a great opportunity to work with our partners in Arizona to reduce the burden of diabetes on individuals, families, and communities. The Arizona Diabetes Strategic Plan is the first plan in Arizona to address diabetes from a public health perspective for the entire State. It uses public health strategies to address opportunities for improvements in healthcare systems, the diabetes workforce, community partnerships, and local and organizational policies. We have great hope that by working together with partners throughout Arizona that we will be able to reduce the prevalence rate of diabetes and improve the lives of people living with diabetes in Arizona. We are proud to be a part of the Arizona Diabetes Coalition. Sincerely,

unknown authors

282

A Primer on Strategic Games  

E-print Network

This is a short introduction to the subject of strategic games. We focus on the concepts of best response, Nash equilibrium, strict and weak dominance, and mixed strategies, and study the relation between these concepts in the context of the iterated elimination of strategies. Also, we discuss some variants of the original definition of a strategic game. Finally, we introduce the basics of mechanism design and use pre-Bayesian games to explain it.

Apt, Krzysztof R

2011-01-01

283

A New Strategic Planning Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter introduces a new strategic planning model for projects. The model consists of two complementary tasks; (1) risk\\u000a analysis and (2) risk navigation strategies. The project risk analysis commences with a comprehensive review of the project\\u000a challenge. Threats, in terms of risk factors, are identified to assess the level of operational, strategic and contextual\\u000a risks that constitute the total

Asbjørn Rolstadås; Per Willy Hetland; George Farage Jergeas; Richard E. Westney

284

Spleen volume varies with colony size and parasite load in a colonial bird.  

PubMed

Comparisons across bird species have indicated that those more exposed to parasites and pathogens invest more in immunological defence, as measured by spleen size. We investigated how spleen volume varied with colony size, parasite load and an individual's colony-size history in the cliff swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, a colonial passerine bird of North America. We used a sample of over 1700 birds that had all died during a period of inclement weather in 1996. We experimentally manipulated ectoparasitism by fumigating nests in some colonies prior to the bad weather. Birds from parasite-free colonies had significantly smaller spleens than those from naturally infested sites; spleen volume did not differ between the sexes and did not vary with age. Mean spleen volume increased significantly with the colony size at a site prior to the bad weather in 1996 and at the site in 1995, both measures of colony size being indices of ectoparasitism at a site. An individual's history of breeding-colony size (defined as the average colony size it had occupied in years prior to 1996) had no association with its spleen size. The results are consistent with parasite-induced splenomegaly whenever birds are exposed to large numbers of ectoparasites. The results do not support spleen size as being a signal of differential life-history investment in immunological defence among individuals and thus run counter to interpretations from recent cross-species comparisons. PMID:12079660

Brown, Charles R; Bomberger Brown, Mary

2002-07-01

285

Spleen volume varies with colony size and parasite load in a colonial bird.  

PubMed Central

Comparisons across bird species have indicated that those more exposed to parasites and pathogens invest more in immunological defence, as measured by spleen size. We investigated how spleen volume varied with colony size, parasite load and an individual's colony-size history in the cliff swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, a colonial passerine bird of North America. We used a sample of over 1700 birds that had all died during a period of inclement weather in 1996. We experimentally manipulated ectoparasitism by fumigating nests in some colonies prior to the bad weather. Birds from parasite-free colonies had significantly smaller spleens than those from naturally infested sites; spleen volume did not differ between the sexes and did not vary with age. Mean spleen volume increased significantly with the colony size at a site prior to the bad weather in 1996 and at the site in 1995, both measures of colony size being indices of ectoparasitism at a site. An individual's history of breeding-colony size (defined as the average colony size it had occupied in years prior to 1996) had no association with its spleen size. The results are consistent with parasite-induced splenomegaly whenever birds are exposed to large numbers of ectoparasites. The results do not support spleen size as being a signal of differential life-history investment in immunological defence among individuals and thus run counter to interpretations from recent cross-species comparisons. PMID:12079660

Brown, Charles R; Bomberger Brown, Mary

2002-01-01

286

Strategic power: USA/USSR  

SciTech Connect

This uniquely comprehensive book details the impact on U.S. and Soviet strategic perceptions of different strategic cultures. It compares and contrasts power, their sometimes quite different interpretation of strategic concepts and reality, and the relevance of analogous yet distinct processes (e.g. decision-making in defence) and dynamics (the impact of military - industrial complexes). It also details the ramifications of new thinking East and West. It is designed for policy-makers, media and lay people who wish to understand the similarities and peculiarities of U.S. and Soviet strategic mindsets, and their approach to strategic opportunity, threat and dilemma. The author list reads like a veritable Who's Who of the best and the brightest of U.S., Soviet, British, Australian and Canadian strategic analysts- a truly exceptional assemblage of expertise. Each chapter may be read alone, for succinct coverage of either U.S. or Soviet though, approach or reality on any particular issue; together, they provide an encyclopedic reference source for governments, students and others.

Jacobsen, C.G. (East-West Projects, Canadian Institute for International Peace and Security, Ottawa (CA))

1989-01-01

287

Developing a strategic roadmap for supply chain process improvement in a regulated utility  

E-print Network

This thesis covers work done at Tracks Energy, a regulated utility, to develop a strategic roadmap for supply chain process improvement. The focus of Tracks Energy has always been on keeping the lights on and the gas flowing ...

Yoder, Brent E. (Brent Edward)

2013-01-01

288

Multiple colony ant algorithm for job-shop scheduling problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony optimization (ACO) is a metaheuristic that takes inspiration from the foraging behaviour of a real ant colony to solve the optimization problem. This paper presents a multiple colony ant algorithm to solve the Job-shop Scheduling Problem with the objective that minimizes the makespan. In a multiple colony ant algorithm, ants cooperate to find good solutions by exchanging information

A. Udomsakdigool; V. Kachitvichyanukul

2008-01-01

289

DIFFERENTIAL DRONE PRODUCTION BY AFRICANIZED AND EUROPEAN HONEY BEE COLONIES  

E-print Network

DIFFERENTIAL DRONE PRODUCTION BY AFRICANIZED AND EUROPEAN HONEY BEE COLONIES Thomas E. RINDERER Road Baton Rouge, LA 7(1820, USA SUMMARY The numbers of mature drones leaving colonies of Africanizcd with 10 European and 10 Africanized colonies, were trapped for drones exiting individual colonies on 3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, (January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992)  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq's invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department's crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

Not Available

1992-05-15

291

Effective object recognition for automated counting of colonies in Petri dishes (automated colony counting)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determination of the number of colonies (colony forming units, CFU) is a standard method in microbiological analysis to ensure the quality of drinking water. Normally this tedious work is still performed manually. A PC-based method for the automated counting of digitized images of Petri dishes is presented. The method includes highly specific and effective object recognition algorithms that ensure very

J. Marotz; C. Lübbert; W. Eisenbeiß

2001-01-01

292

COLONY HIGH SCHOOL, 2008 -2009 We are Colony High School, a  

E-print Network

COLONY HIGH SCHOOL, 2008 - 2009 We are Colony High School, a control school in the AEIN Network in our school. AEIN is funded under a $9.3 million grant from the U.S. Department of Education. The ideas and motivation to achieve our goals in school improvement. Roles and responsibilities of leadership were

Pantaleone, Jim

293

Work plan for the remedial investigation/feasibility study-environmental assessment for the Colonie site, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

This work plan has been prepared to document the scoping and planning process performed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to support remedial action activities at the Colonie site. The site is located in eastern New York State in the town of Colonie near the city of Albany. Remedial action of the Colonie site is being planned as part of DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. The DOE is responsible for controlling the release of all radioactive and chemical contaminants from the site. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), a remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) must be prepared to support the decision-making process for evaluating remedial action alternatives. This work plan contains a summary of information known about the site as of January 1988, presents a conceptual site model that identifies potential routes of human exposure to site containments, identifies data gaps, and summarizes the process and proposed studies that will be used to fill the data gaps. In addition, DOE activities must be conducted in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), which requires consideration of the environmental consequences of a proposed action as part of its decision-making process. This work also describes the approach that will be used to evaluate potential remedial action alternatives and includes a description of the organization, project controls, and task schedules that will be employed to fulfill the requirements of both CERCLA and NEPA. 48 refs., 18 figs., 25 tabs.

Not Available

1990-06-01

294

International Science Programme, Uppsala University, Sweden Strategic Plan 2013 -2017  

E-print Network

International Science Programme, Uppsala University, Sweden Strategic Plan Contents Strategic Plan for the International Science Programme 2013 - 2017 ......................................................................................................... 17 #12; Strategic Plan for the International Science Programme 2013

Uppsala Universitet

295

Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study  

PubMed Central

Background Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to better characterize CCD and compare risk factor exposure between populations afflicted by and not afflicted by CCD. Methods and Principal Findings Of 61 quantified variables (including adult bee physiology, pathogen loads, and pesticide levels), no single measure emerged as a most-likely cause of CCD. Bees in CCD colonies had higher pathogen loads and were co-infected with a greater number of pathogens than control populations, suggesting either an increased exposure to pathogens or a reduced resistance of bees toward pathogens. Levels of the synthetic acaricide coumaphos (used by beekeepers to control the parasitic mite Varroa destructor) were higher in control colonies than CCD-affected colonies. Conclusions/Significance This is the first comprehensive survey of CCD-affected bee populations that suggests CCD involves an interaction between pathogens and other stress factors. We present evidence that this condition is contagious or the result of exposure to a common risk factor. Potentially important areas for future hypothesis-driven research, including the possible legacy effect of mite parasitism and the role of honey bee resistance to pesticides, are highlighted. PMID:19649264

vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Evans, Jay D.; Saegerman, Claude; Mullin, Chris; Haubruge, Eric; Nguyen, Bach Kim; Frazier, Maryann; Frazier, Jim; Cox-Foster, Diana; Chen, Yanping; Underwood, Robyn; Tarpy, David R.; Pettis, Jeffery S.

2009-01-01

296

Quantitative analysis of colony morphology in yeast  

PubMed Central

Microorganisms often form multicellular structures such as biofilms and structured colonies that can influence the organism’s virulence, drug resistance, and adherence to medical devices. Phenotypic classification of these structures has traditionally relied on qualitative scoring systems that limit detailed phenotypic comparisons between strains. Automated imaging and quantitative analysis have the potential to improve the speed and accuracy of experiments designed to study the genetic and molecular networks underlying different morphological traits. For this reason, we have developed a platform that uses automated image analysis and pattern recognition to quantify phenotypic signatures of yeast colonies. Our strategy enables quantitative analysis of individual colonies, measured at a single time point or over a series of time-lapse images, as well as the classification of distinct colony shapes based on image-derived features. Phenotypic changes in colony morphology can be expressed as changes in feature space trajectories over time, thereby enabling the visualization and quantitative analysis of morphological development. To facilitate data exploration, results are plotted dynamically through an interactive Yeast Image Analysis web application (YIMAA; http://yimaa.cs.tut.fi) that integrates the raw and processed images across all time points, allowing exploration of the image-based features and principal components associated with morphological development. PMID:24447135

Ruusuvuori, Pekka; Lin, Jake; Scott, Adrian C.; Tan, Zhihao; Sorsa, Saija; Kallio, Aleksi; Nykter, Matti; Yli-Harja, Olli; Shmulevich, Ilya; Dudley, Aimee M.

2014-01-01

297

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The August 15, 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1987 through June 30, 1987. The program background and major activities of this quarter are briefly discussed. Other topics are site development; oil acquisition; information on the budget and cost of the reserve; and other program items. During the second quarter of 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage capacity reached 570 million barrels. At Bryan Mound, final corrective leaching was completed in Cavern 5 whose conversion from sweet to sour crude oil storage is proceeding on schedule. At West Hackberry, leaching was completed for Cavern 115 and proceeded in the four remaining caverns still under development. At the Bayou Choctaw site, Cavern 17 oil fill was initiated; this 10-million-barrel cavern currently contains over five million barrels of oil. At Big Hill, construction has progressed to the point that attainment of leaching capability by the end of September is on schedule. The total inventory of crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 527,186,515 barrels during the quarter ending June 30, 1987. The average fill rate during the quarter was 79,119 barrels per day, and the weighted average delivered price during this quarter was $19.17 per barrel. Funds available for obligation in fiscal year 1987 include $526 million in the SPR Petroleum Account for the acquisition and transportation of crude oil and $262 million in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account for activities associated with storage facilities development and the operation and management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Approximately $23 million of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account funds will be carried over to reduce new budget authority required for the account in fiscal year 1988.

Not Available

1987-11-15

298

The Colonie FUSRAP Site: CY2002 Situation Report  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a summary of accomplishments at the Colonie FUSRAP Site in Fiscal Year 2002. During this period several significant milestones were achieved and have set the stage for the project to be completed in a more comprehensive manner, ahead of schedule and at a lower cost than the original Remedial Plan inherited from the Dept of Energy in 1997. Discussion of the DOE and subsequent USACE remedial plans is included along with summary level discussions of the key site infrastructure and remedial elements.

Sheeran, A. R.; Dufek, K.; Moore, J.

2003-02-26

299

A SURVEY ON ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION  

E-print Network

Abstract: This paper deals with Ant Colony Optimization, a heuristic algorithm with strong robustness and the ability of finding the optimal solution which has been applied to a number of combinatorial optimization (CO) problems, of which the most important one is the traveling salesman problem (TSP). Ants of the colony have the ability to generate shorter feasible tours through information, which is accumulated, in the form of a pheromone trail deposited on the TSP graph’s edges. For solving the TSP problem, ACO is one of the high performance computing methods but still has some drawbacks, which include stagnation behavior, computational time, which is longer, and premature convergence problem.

Jaskiran Kaur; Inderpal Singh

300

Roles for neutral particle beams in strategic defense  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neutral particle beams can play a number of unique, critical roles in strategic defense because of their robust mechanism for discrimination and kill. Their operation, status, and applications are evaluated, showing that their near term roles are complementary to kinetic energy weapons. In addition, particle beams are shown to be the primary candidates for interrogating space objects, discriminating numerous light

G. H. Canavan; J. Browne

1988-01-01

301

Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research: FY86 Annual report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) provides analytical support to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) through a contractual arrangement with the Bartlesville Project Office of the DOE. Work performed during the contract period of this report included establishing new and modifying old methodology for expanded and improved crude oil characterization. The expanded comprehensive characterization scheme that

P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay; B. H. Diehl; K. W. Hornung; D. A. Doughty

1987-01-01

302

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Distribution (SPRED) simulation model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Distribution (SPRED) Model is a large scale computer simulation model developed by ERNST & ERNST, Washington, D.C. for the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Maritime Administration, Department of Commerce. The Model has been developed using SIMSCRIPT II.5 in an interactive timesharing mode. The Model is a versatile tool for studying present and future import patterns

Dennis Taillie; John Neidlinger; Joseph Demasco; William Begenyi

1978-01-01

303

Developing the capabilities to make strategic export controls effective.  

SciTech Connect

The International Nonproliferation Export Control Program (INECP) of the U.S. Department of Energy has been focused for over 10 years on engaging partner countries to strengthen global efforts to prevent proliferation. This paper summarizes some of the key lessons learned regarding the development of the capabilities needed to make strategic export controls truly effective.

Heine, P.; Perry, T.; Nuclear Engineering Division; NNSA Office of Global Engagement and Cooperation

2008-12-01

304

Strategic Plan for Light Water Reactor Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this strategic plan is to establish a framework that will allow the Department of Energy (DOE) and the nuclear power industry to jointly plan the nuclear energy research and development (R&D) agenda important to achieving the Nation's energy goals. This strategic plan has been developed to focus on only those R&D areas that will benefit from a coordinated government/industry effort. Specifically, this plan focuses on safely sustaining and expanding the electricity output from currently operating nuclear power plants and expanding nuclear capacity through the deployment of new plants. By focusing on R&D that addresses the needs of both current and future nuclear plants, DOE and industry will be able to take advantage of the synergism between these two technology areas, thus improving coordination, enhancing efficiency, and further leveraging public and private sector resources. By working together under the framework of this strategic plan, DOE and the nuclear industry reinforce their joint commitment to the future use of nuclear power and the National Energy Policy's goal of expanding its use in the United States. The undersigned believe that a public-private partnership approach is the most efficient and effective way to develop and transfer new technologies to the marketplace to achieve this goal. This Strategic Plan is intended to be a living document that will be updated annually.

None

2004-02-01

305

The Strategic Data Project's Strategic Performance Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic Performance Indicators (SPIs) are summary measures derived from parallel, descriptive analyses conducted across educational agencies. The SPIs are designed to inform agency management and efforts to improve student outcomes. We developed the SPIs to reveal patterns common across partner agencies, to highlight exceptions to those…

Page, Lindsay C.; Fullerton, Jon; Bacher-Hicks, Andrew; Owens, Antoniya; Cohodes, Sarah R.; West, Martin R.; Glover, Sarah

2013-01-01

306

Strategic Plan Focus on the Future  

E-print Network

is the strategic plan for the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (UMCES in marine and environmental science. UMCES will contribute to the strategic themes for environmental science, including sustainability as an enduring theme, a new partnership

Boynton, Walter R.

307

Office of Sustainability Waste Reduction Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

..................................................................................................................7 III. Current Waste Diversion Program1 Office of Sustainability May 2012 Waste Reduction Strategic Plan Working Toward a Zero Waste in Section IX provides a few brief definitions. #12;3 Waste Reduction Strategic Plan May 2012 Contents I

Thaxton, Christopher S.

308

A Primer on Strategic Financial Assessments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how to perform a strategic financial assessment to enable the board to understand the fundamental internal and external challenges and opportunities confronting the institution when decision making and strategic capital planning. (EV)

Richman, Naomi; Fitzgerald, Susan

2003-01-01

309

Colony genetic organization and colony fusion in the termite Reticulitermes flavipes as revealed by foraging patterns over time and space.  

PubMed

Temporal and spatial analyses are seldom utilized in the study of colony genetic structure, but they are potentially powerful methods which can yield novel insights into the mechanisms underlying variation in breeding systems. Here we present the results of a study which incorporated both of these dimensions in an examination of genetic structure of subterranean termites in the genus Reticulitermes (primarily R. flavipes). Most colonies of this species (70%) were simple families apparently headed by outbred primary reproductives, while most of the remaining (27% of the total) colonies contained low effective numbers of moderately inbred reproductives. Mapping the spatial distribution of colony foraging sites over time revealed that despite the high colony density, the absolute foraging boundaries of most R. flavipes colonies were persistent and exclusive of other conspecific colonies, which suggests that this species is more territorial than has been implied by laboratory studies of intraspecific aggression. Nevertheless, we found a single colony (3% of all colonies) which contained the offspring of more than two unrelated reproductives. Although other studies have also described subterranean termite colonies with a similarly complex genetic composition, we demonstrate here that such colonies can form under natural conditions via the fusion of whole colonies. This study underscores how repeated sampling from individual colonies over time and space can yield information about colony spatial and genetic structure that cannot be obtained from conventional analyses or sampling methods. PMID:14717897

Deheer, Christopher J; Vargo, Edward L

2004-02-01

310

Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 Strategic Plan 2012-2014  

E-print Network

Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 1 Strategic Plan 2012-2014 www.tcd.ie/tcbr #12;Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 2 TCBR Strategic Plan 2012-2014 Mission statement The mission of Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research (TCBR) is to bring together

O'Mahony, Donal E.

311

Virginia Tech International Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Reaves Hall AND STATE UNIVERSITY Blacksburg, Virginia 24061-0334 USA (540) 231-6338 Fax: (540) 231-6741 Dr. John Dooley Vice Provost for Outreach and International Affairs Virginia Tech, 210 Burruss HallVirginia Tech International Strategic Plan 2004-2011 October 15, 2004 #12;A Land-Grant University

Buehrer, R. Michael

312

Strategic Promotion of Ageing Research  

E-print Network

Since 1998 the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and the Biotechnology and humanities, represented by a rich mix of individuals and disciplines. Many of the lines of research have been positively, and provided funding for an exciting and novel initiative called SPARC (Strategic Promotion of

Kourtzi, Zoe

313

Elections and strategic positioning games  

Microsoft Academic Search

We formalize the interplay between expected voting behavior and strategic positioning behavior of candidates as a common agency problem in which the candidates (i.e., the principals) compete for voters (i.e., agents) via the issues they choose and the positions they take. A political situation is defined as a feasible combination of candidate positions and expected political payoffs to the candidates.

Myrna H. Wooders

2003-01-01

314

Strategic Planning for Technological Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning can become downright treacherous if one's institution depends heavily on technology, because technology changes course frequently. Technological change is somewhat predictable, and doing nothing is not an option. A number of complex factors hasten technological change. Limits on performance, breakthrough technology, market…

Strong, Bart

2007-01-01

315

Strategic Plan 20092015 Foreword 3  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan 2009­2015 #12;Foreword 3 Catalysts and Drivers 4 Lancaster 2015 5 Mission sophisticated partnerships in the Middle East, South Asia and South East Asia. At the same time the University and students and the opportunity to build up new interdisciplinary work. Much of our work is relevant

Meju, Max

316

Smithsonian Institution 2013 Strategic Sustainability  

E-print Network

Smithsonian Institution 2013 Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan Office of Facilities for learning and teaching. The Smithsonian has been, and must be, sustainable for generations to come sustainability planning and performance. Therefore we include them in this plan, for example in the number

Mathis, Wayne N.

317

NASA Strategic Roadmap Summary Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In response to the Vision, NASA commissioned strategic and capability roadmap teams to develop the pathways for turning the Vision into a reality. The strategic roadmaps were derived from the Vision for Space Exploration and the Aldrich Commission Report dated June 2004. NASA identified 12 strategic areas for roadmapping. The Agency added a thirteenth area on nuclear systems because the topic affects the entire program portfolio. To ensure long-term public visibility and engagement, NASA established a committee for each of the 13 areas. These committees - made up of prominent members of the scientific and aerospace industry communities and senior government personnel - worked under the Federal Advisory Committee Act. A committee was formed for each of the following program areas: 1) Robotic and Human Lunar Exploration; 2) Robotic and Human Exploration of Mars; 3) Solar System Exploration; 4) Search for Earth-Like Planets; 5) Exploration Transportation System; 6) International Space Station; 7) Space Shuttle; 8) Universe Exploration; 9) Earth Science and Applications from Space; 10) Sun-Solar System Connection; 11) Aeronautical Technologies; 12) Education; 13) Nuclear Systems. This document contains roadmap summaries for 10 of these 13 program areas; The International Space Station, Space Shuttle, and Education are excluded. The completed roadmaps for the following committees: Robotic and Human Exploration of Mars; Solar System Exploration; Search for Earth-Like Planets; Universe Exploration; Earth Science and Applications from Space; Sun-Solar System Connection are collected in a separate Strategic Roadmaps volume. This document contains memebership rosters and charters for all 13 committees.

Wilson, Scott; Bauer, Frank; Stetson, Doug; Robey, Judee; Smith, Eric P.; Capps, Rich; Gould, Dana; Tanner, Mike; Guerra, Lisa; Johnston, Gordon

2005-01-01

318

Strategic Plan February 10, 2009  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan February 10, 2009 "Man must rise above the Earth ­ to the top of the atmosphere The Earth Science and Observation Center (ESOC), at the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), is a research center dedicated to the understanding of the Earth System, primarily

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

319

By Peter Sandborn Strategic Management  

E-print Network

By Peter Sandborn Strategic Management of DMSMS in Systems DSP JOURNAL April/June 200824 #12;dsp and management support. However, the majority of the existing offerings focus on reactive and, to a lesser degree, proactive management of DMSMS issues associated with electronic parts. Effective long-term management

Sandborn, Peter

320

College of Business Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

programs, external relations, and internal operations. The policies that aid in the implementation of ourCollege of Business Strategic Plan Preface Dynamic economic, technological, societal, and political and comprehensive planning process that incorporates the priorities of Colorado State University, the standards

321

Windward Community College Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

or older. Credit enrollment for Fall 2008 was 1,959 students. The College credit program has a globali Windward Community College Strategic Plan Action Outcomes November 2008 #12;ii ©2008 Windward Community College #12;iii Contents Introduction I. HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLEGE

322

Strategic petroleum reserves in Maine  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluation was made to determine if the State of Maine should develop a State petroleum storage reserve to protect its economic and social vitality against future petroleum shortages. The requirements for residual oil are delineated and alternate storage options are described. The adequacy of the National Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program (S.P.R.) as a tool for alleviating shortfalls of residual

Tibbetts

1977-01-01

323

Strategic petroleum reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1991, through March 31, 1991. A special section is also included discussing the January 1991 drawdown and distribution of crude oil. 8 tabs.

Not Available

1991-05-15

324

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve. The introduction and summary briefly discuss program background and major activities of the quarter. Section II describes site development. Oil acquisition activities are reported in Section III. Information on the budget and cost of the Reserve is contained in Section IV. Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage capacity reached 581.3 million barrels. The total inventory of crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 550, 055,724 barrels. The average fill rate during the quarter was 56,239 barrels per day, and the weighted average delivered price during this quarter was $15.99 per barrel. The average fill rate through the third quarter of fiscal year 1988 was 59,000 barrels per day. Funds available for obligation in fiscal year 1988 include $439 million in the SPR Petroleum Account for the acquisition and transportation of crude oil and $232 million in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account for activities associated with storage facilities development and the operation and management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

Not Available

1988-08-15

325

Strategic facility location: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facility location decisions are a critical element in strategic planning for a wide range of private and public firms. The ramifications of siting facilities are broadly based and long-lasting, impacting numerous operational and logistical decisions. High costs associated with property acquisition and facility construction make facility location or relocation projects long-term investments. To make such undertakings profitable, firms plan for

Susan Hesse Owen; Mark S. Daskin

1998-01-01

326

Corporate Social Responsibility: Strategic Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a variety of perspectives on corporate social responsibility (CSR), which we use to develop a framework for consideration of the strategic implications of CSR. Based on this framework, we propose an agenda for additional theoretical and empirical research on CSR. We then review the papers in this special issue and relate them to the proposed agenda. Copyright Blackwell

Abagail McWilliams; Donald S. Siegel; Patrick M. Wright

2006-01-01

327

Strategic Planning of Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Ohio Technology Transfer Organization (OTTO) as its primary example, this paper offers a strategic planning perspective on technology transfer and human resources development. First, a brief overview is provided of the maturation of mission priorities and planning processes in higher education in the United States, followed by a…

Groff, Warren H.

328

Manufacturing Flexibility: A Strategic Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

To help meet competitive realities operations managers need to know more about the strategic aspects of manufacturing flexibility. This paper takes steps toward meeting that need by critically reviewing the literature and establishing a research agenda for the area. A conceptual model, which places flexibility within a broad context, helps to identify certain assumptions of theoretical studies which need to

Donald Gerwin

1993-01-01

329

Strategic Planning for School Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planners concerned with such matters as high-achieving students, high-performing teachers, broad-based community support, and a two-way involvement with the community must analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats existing in the school's internal and external environment. A sample SWOT analysis is included. (MLH)

Herman, Jerry J.

1993-01-01

330

Strategic Planning in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of strategic planning is to align the institution with the external environment. In fact, it is a complex solution to a complex problem. Environmental change is inevitable and it will always impact one's institution sooner or later. It is better to be proactive, thoughtful, and in charge of change, than to be always in a reactive mode…

Kilfoil, Wendy R.

2003-01-01

331

Research Computing Strategic Planning Report  

E-print Network

8/7/06 Research Computing Strategic Planning Report Product of: Research Computing Advisory Group://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/cyber #12;2 Research Computing Advisory Group Members Gary K. Allen Vice President for Information. Davis Croft Professor Electrical & Computer Engineering Joe Forrester Research Associate Molecular

Noble, James S.

332

Strategic National Arts Alumni Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief document provides an overview of the Strategic National Arts Alumni Project (SNAAP), an annual online survey, data management, and institutional improvement system designed to enhance the impact of arts-school education. SNAAP aims to provide the first national data on how artists develop in this country, help identify the factors…

Strategic National Arts Alumni Project, 2009

2009-01-01

333

Cosumnes River College Strategic Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cosumnes River College's (California) 2000 strategic plan describes a shared vision for the college's future and is intended to assist the college community in the dynamic process of responding to changes in student needs, educational policy, technology, and regional demographics. This plan is designed to guide decision making and to identify key…

Cosumnes River Coll., Sacramento, CA. Office of Research.

334

Strategic Process And Product Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study analyzes the timing of process and product innovations. A dynamic product differentiation model illustrates strategic interaction in a duopoly. Firms use asymmetric equilibrium strategies for the adoption of innovations, i.e. innovations are adopted sequentially. The priority of process innovation over product innovation depends on the relative magnitude of the two innovations. Empirical evidence from the semiconductor industry illustrates

Harald Gruber

1995-01-01

335

Strategic Plan 1997-2007.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the Strategic Plan and Academic Development Plan for Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) (Hawaii). The goals maintain or add to current practices and directions. The Academic Development Plan should be used as a point of reference, as a planning document, as leverage for initiatives. KCC has as its mission to broaden access…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Kapiolani Community Coll. Office of Institutional Research.

336

Consultancy on Strategic Information Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the workshop, better management through strategic planning of information and consultancy was discussed as one way in which developing and Eastern European countries could tackle the complex information problems they are facing during the transition to a market economy. The sixteen papers in this volume are grouped into three basic categories:…

Pejova, Zdravka, Ed.; Horton, Forest W., Ed.

337

Bulk Hydrogen Strategic Directions for  

E-print Network

Bulk Hydrogen Storage Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop May 7-8, 2003 Crystal City, Virginia #12;Breakout Session - Bulk Hydrogen Storage Main Themes/Caveats Bulk Storage = Anything-board storage Uncertainty about evolution of infrastructure requires multiple pathways to be considered Bulk

338

Ant Colony Optimisation for Bin Packing and  

E-print Network

Ant Colony Optimisation for Bin Packing and Cutting Stock Problems Frederick Ducatelle T H E U N I of Informatics University of Edinburgh 2001 #12; Abstract The bin packing and the cutting stock problems are two and evolutionary programming. In this dissertation, I try to solve the bin packing and the cutting stock problem

Ducatelle, Frederick

339

Colonial Continuities and Educational Inequalities in Indonesia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the effect of 350 years of Dutch colonial rule upon Indonesian educational policies and the resulting regional inequalities in education. It was Dutch policy not to educate most of the children from the poorer social classes, but to use education to maintain and strengthen the existing social structure. Education was also used…

Carpenter, Harold F., Jr.

340

Colonial Newspaper Reaction to the Somerset Decision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine colonial American press coverage of the British court decision to free American slave James Somerset, a study was conducted to clarify why the decision worked as a victory for British abolitionists but was usually cited even in post-Revolution America in the passage of increasingly oppressive slave legislation. Twenty-three of the…

Bradley, Patricia

341

Ant Colony Optimization and its Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony optimization is a metaheuristics approach which is inspired from the behavior of real ants. It was introduced in the early 1990's as a new method to tackle hard combinatorial optimization problems. We review the origin of the ACO and introduce ACO in a way that suits its theoretical study. Then we make a summary of the recent application

Dengfeng Xu; Liping Fu

2009-01-01

342

Women in Colonial and Revolutionary America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a supplemental teaching tool for upper elementary and middle school use, this unit contains information on the circumstances under which women of various cultures lived in the United States during the colonial and revolutionary periods and presents a perspective that is seldom included in textbooks. The unit includes biographies of ten…

Eisenberg, Bonnie; And Others

343

Order and instabilities in dense bacterial colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure of cell colonies is governed by the interplay of many physical and biological factors, ranging from properties of surrounding media to cell-cell communication and gene expression in individual cells. The biomechanical interactions arising from the growth and division of individual cells in confined environments are ubiquitous, yet little work has focused on this fundamental aspect of colony formation. By combining experimental observations of growing monolayers of non-motile strain of bacteria Escherichia coli in a shallow microfluidic chemostat with discrete-element simulations and continuous theory, we demonstrate that expansion of a dense colony leads to rapid orientational alignment of rod-like cells. However, in larger colonies, anisotropic compression may lead to buckling instability which breaks perfect nematic order. Furthermore, we found that in shallow cavities feedback between cell growth and mobility in a confined environment leads to a novel cell streaming instability. Joint work with W. Mather, D. Volfson, O. Mondrag'on-Palomino, T. Danino, S. Cookson, and J. Hasty (UCSD) and D. Boyer, S. Orozco-Fuentes (UNAM, Mexico).

Tsimring, Lev

2012-02-01

344

Economic Development of British Colonial America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

Zabin, Serena

345

Disability, Schooling, and the Artifacts of Colonialism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rejects the essentialist notion of the need to exclude children with disabilities from the school community, tracing the origin of disability segregation to the advent of western colonialism and demonstrating the symbiotic relationship between cultural and racial oppression and the oppression of people with disabilities. The paper strongly…

Kliewer, Christopher; Fitzgerald, Linda May

2001-01-01

346

Education and Evangelism in the English Colonies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers two related educational endeavors of the Massachusetts colony. The first is the colonists' efforts to pass their religious traditions to their children. The second is the effort of missionaries to spread the Christian faith to Native Americans. In both cases, the colonists wanted their children and the American Indians to…

Watras, Joseph

2008-01-01

347

Reconciliation and the Problem of Internal Colonialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of ‘scientific’ racism and social Darwinism in white colonial nations in the late nineteenth century ensured that indigenous peoples were regarded as an alien ‘other’ to national identities based on racism and progress. This outlook gradually changed over time with the aid of socio-historical understanding developed by indigenous and non-indigenous revisionist historians, academics and activists, which sought to

Damien Short

2005-01-01

348

Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 2013  

E-print Network

Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 ­ 2013 Published by the Wisconsin Department preventable traffic death is one too many Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 ­ 2013 Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan for 2011-2013. This document provides background and details about highway

Sheridan, Jennifer

349

Science Strategic Plan Released January 1, 2007  

E-print Network

Science Strategic Plan Released January 1, 2007 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics 60 Wilkes David Wilner #12;Page - 1 - Science Strategic Plan Executive Summary Mission Statement "The ­ this is the new "golden age" of astronomy ­ and they beckon our full participation. The Science Strategic Planning

350

Science and Strategic Plan 2009-15  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science and Technology Strategic Plan 2009-15 #12;#12;Lancaster University Faculty of Science and Technology Strategic Plan 2009-15 Page 3 of 15 Contents 1. Context and vision University Faculty of Science and Technology Strategic Plan 2009-15 Page 4 of 15 1. Context and vision

Meju, Max

351

Overview of Strategic Planning. Administrative Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning is a process by which the guiding members of an organization envision its future and develop tactics to achieve that future. This paper discusses the nature and purposes of strategic planning in educational organizations, and presents a 10-step generic model to illustrate the basic components of strategic planning. These 10…

Raze, Nasus

352

STRATEGIC ASSETS, CAPITAL STRUCTURE, AND FIRM PERFORMANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Possession of strategic assets is a necessary condition for sustained competitive advantage. This condition is, however, not sufficient. Firms require financial management capability to realize the rents present in their strategic assets. The firm-specific nature of strategic assets implies that they be financed primarily through equity; other less specific assets should be financed through debt. Firms are likely to suffer

Rahul Kochhar

353

MEDICINE AND Strategic Plan 2013 2017  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF MEDICINE AND HEALTH Strategic Plan 2013 ­ 2017 #12;College of Medicine & Health, University College Cork Strategic Plan 2013 - 2017 | 2 Executive Summary The College of Medicine & Health has five years. #12;College of Medicine & Health, University College Cork Strategic Plan 2013 - 2017 | 3

Schellekens, Michel P.

354

Strategic purchasing and innovation: a relational view  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purchasing function of large firms has slowly evolved from the operational task of ordering products and services towards a strategic part of business. However, the full implications of strategic purchasing for firm innovation have yet to be explored. The contribution of this study is two-fold. First, we develop a relational view of strategic purchasing embracing both the quality of

Carolina Castaldi; Casper ten Kate; Robbert den Braber

2011-01-01

355

Strategic quality management for the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – As the key to value creation, construction firms should treat quality as a strategic issue. However, strategic quality management (SQM) is still a relatively new concept for construction firms. This paper aims to examine the application of the strategic treatise, Sun Tzu's Art of War with SQM in the construction industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two sets of 20 statements

Low Sui Pheng; Sze Hui Hong

2005-01-01

356

Collaborative Strategic Planning: Myth or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept and practice of strategic planning, while entrenched in educational institutions in the West, is just catching on in Kenya. While literature emphasizes the importance of collaborative strategic planning, it does not indicate the challenges presented by collaboratively engaging in strategic planning. This article reports on findings of…

Mbugua, Flora; Rarieya, Jane F. A.

2014-01-01

357

Strategic Planning the in Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review considers definitions of strategic planning as well as historical and operational aspects of its use at community colleges. First, a number of definitions of strategic planning are presented, indicating that, compared to long-range planning, strategic planning is more action-oriented and more concerned with issues, the…

Georgakakos, John H.

358

Colony Fusion in a Parthenogenetic Ant, Pristomyrmex punctatus  

PubMed Central

In the ant Pristomyrmex punctatus Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), all young workers lay a small number of eggs parthenogenetically. Some colonies consist of monoclonal individuals that provide high inclusive fitness, according to the kin selection theory. However, in some populations, a majority of the colonies contain multiple lineages. Intracolonial genetic variation of parthenogenetic ants cannot be explained by the multiple mating of single founderesses or by the foundation of a colony by multiple foundresses, which are the usual causes of genetically diverse colonies in social insects. Here, we hypothesized that the fusion of established colonies might facilitate the formation of multiclonal colonies. Colony fusion decreases indirect benefits because of the reduction in intracolonial relatedness. However, when suitable nesting places for overwintering are scarce, colony fusion provides a strategy for the survival of colonies. Here, ants derived from different colonies were allowed to encounter one another in a container with just one nesting place. Initially, high aggression was observed; however, after several days, no aggression was observed and the ants shared the nest. When the fused colonies were allowed to transfer to two alternative nests, ants from different colonies occupied the same nest. This study highlights the importance of limiting the number of nesting places in order to understand the genetic diversity of parthenogenetic ant colonies. PMID:23895053

Satow, Show; Satoh, Toshiyuki; Hirota, Tadao

2013-01-01

359

Nest site and colony characteristics of wading birds in selected atlantic coast colonies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nests of 5 spp. of wading birds [Egretta thula, Plegadis falcinellus, Florida caerulea, casmerodius albus and Hydranassa tricolor] were identified and marked during the breeding season at 6 locations from Maccachusetts [USA] to North Carolina [USA]. At the end of the breeding season, 12 characteristics of nest-site location were measured. Nest locations were mapped to examine dispersion and nearest neighbor relationships. Multivariate analysis were used to describe and compare sites and species. Variations in nest-sites between colonies were greater than between species; colonies differed mainly in the variety and size of vegetation. Birds preferred to nest in vegetation that offered relatively stable nest sites, and the dispersion of nests in the colonies was related to vegetative patterns. The interaction of these factors with the number of bird species and the abundance of birds in the colony determined whether nest sites were stratified, segregated or randomly distributed.

Beaver, D.L.; Osborn, R.G.; Custer, T.W.

1980-01-01

360

Nest-size and colony characteristics of wading birds in selected Atlantic Coast colonies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nests of 5 species of wading birds were identified and marked during the breeding season at 6 locations from Massachusetts to North Carolina. At the end of the breeding season 12 characteristics of nest-site location were measured. Nest locations were mapped to examine dispersion and nearest neighbor relationships. Multivariate analyses were used to describe and compare sites and species.....We found that variations in nest-sites between colonies were greater than between species; colonies differed mainly in the variety and size of vegetation; birds preferred to nest in vegetation that offered relatively stable nest-sites; and the dispersion of nests in the colonies was related to vegetative patterns. The interaction of these factors with the number of bird species and the abundance of birds in the colony seemed to determine whether nest-sites were stratified, segregated or randomly distributed.

Beaver, D.L.; Osborn, R.G.; Custer, T.W.

1980-01-01

361

Rural Drag: Settler Colonialism and the Queer Rhetorics of Rurality  

E-print Network

In the United States, rural culture is frequently thought of as traditional and “authentically” American. This belief stems from settler colonial histories in which Native lands are stolen and “settled” by white colonial communities. Through...

Nichols, Garrett Wedekind

2013-07-16

362

Digital image analysis of hematopoietic colonies in vitro.  

PubMed

A system for automatic analysis of in vitro hematopoietic colonies is described and evaluated. With the standard resolution provided by video cameras, the improvement in visualization obtained using features other than size and darkness when classifying potential colonies appears to be limited. We confirmed this by comparing results obtained with the test system with those obtained with a commercial one. However, for some applications it may be useful to supplement the system with specific methods, e.g., to separate merged colonies. Digital image analyses provide new possibilities, for instance of measuring the total cellularity of the dish or analyzing colonies according to the size and cell density of each colony. Examples provided are time course studies of colony development, cellularity feedback effects on colony sizes, and bell-shaped dose-response curves for the growth stimulation obtained by certain conditioned media on a subpopulation of progenitor cells that gives rise to large colonies. PMID:9728928

Benestad, H B; Sørensen, T; Iranpour, K M; Liestøl, K; Yogesan, K; Strøm-Gundersen, I; Wang, X; Løvhaug, D

1998-09-01

363

Radial and Spiral Stream Formation in Proteus mirabilis Colonies  

E-print Network

The enteric bacterium Proteus mirabilis, which is a pathogen that forms biofilms in vivo, can swarm over hard surfaces and form a variety of spatial patterns in colonies. Colony formation involves two distinct cell types: ...

Xue, Chuan

364

Ant Colony System Vector Quantization effect on image data hiding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony system (ACS) is a combinatorial optimization method motivated by the behaviour of real ants. Ant Colony System Vector Quantization (ACS-VQ) is lossy compression technique, which utilizes zerotree vectors from the wavelet transform of a number o

Usman Ali; Shahid Khan; Nasir Rajpoot

2004-01-01

365

Fusion Nuclear Science and Technology (FNST) Strategic Issues, challenges, and Facilities  

E-print Network

separation PFC & Blanket T processing design dependent optics 3 #12;Fusion Nuclear Science and TechnologyFusion Nuclear Science and Technology (FNST) Strategic Issues, challenges, and Facilities) Director, Fusion Science and Technology Center (UCLA) Founding President, Council of Energy Research

Abdou, Mohamed

366

78 FR 72873 - Availability of 2014-2018 Draft Strategic Plan and Request for Public Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and job creation, energy security, and environmental quality...implementation of the President's Climate Action Plan to mitigate...enhance resilience against climate change. DOE's strategic goal for national security is to enhance...

2013-12-04

367

Systems safety analysis manual for Strategic Petroleum Reserve office drilling and completion operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manual provides guidelines for use of the Department of Energy's Management Oversight and Risk Tree (MORT) system to assess Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) drilling, completion and workover programs.

R. J. Nertney; H. B. Butcher

1979-01-01

368

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.113 Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material—Category...

2013-01-01

369

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.113 Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material—Category...

2012-01-01

370

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...significance-Category III. 76.117 Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.117 Special nuclear material of low strategic significance—Category...

2010-01-01

371

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...significance-Category III. 76.117 Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.117 Special nuclear material of low strategic significance—Category...

2011-01-01

372

10 CFR 76.115 - Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance-Category II.  

...significance-Category II. 76.115 Section 76.115 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.115 Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance—Category...

2014-01-01

373

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...significance-Category III. 76.117 Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.117 Special nuclear material of low strategic significance—Category...

2012-01-01

374

10 CFR 76.115 - Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance-Category II.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...significance-Category II. 76.115 Section 76.115 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.115 Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance—Category...

2012-01-01

375

10 CFR 76.115 - Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance-Category II.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...significance-Category II. 76.115 Section 76.115 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.115 Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance—Category...

2013-01-01

376

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.113 Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material—Category...

2011-01-01

377

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

...material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.113 Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material—Category...

2014-01-01

378

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

...significance-Category III. 76.117 Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.117 Special nuclear material of low strategic significance—Category...

2014-01-01

379

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...significance-Category III. 76.117 Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.117 Special nuclear material of low strategic significance—Category...

2013-01-01

380

10 CFR 76.115 - Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance-Category II.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...significance-Category II. 76.115 Section 76.115 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safeguards and Security § 76.115 Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance—Category...

2011-01-01

381

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR`s offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR`s crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

Not Available

1992-02-17

382

An Exploratory Study of Online Information Regarding Colony Collapse Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cause or causes of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) are uncertain. CCD defines specific characteristics of the nationwide deaths of honey bee colonies in the last decade. Adult bees often disappear from the hive and die, leaving the colony weak and vulnerable to disease. Environmental scientists and agriculturalists have developed many different theories about CCD and its origins. The different

Meredith K. Boehm

2012-01-01

383

The Genesis of Public Relations in British Colonial Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how the British Colonial Office employed public relations strategies as they administered the British colony of Northern Rhodesia before, during, and after World War II. Demonstrates how civil servants in London and colonial officials implemented public relations policies, strategies, and tactics on an ad hoc basis, covering political…

Smyth, Rosaleen

2001-01-01

384

Iridovirus and Microsporidian Linked to Honey Bee Colony Decline  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundIn 2010 Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), again devastated honey bee colonies in the USA, indicating that the problem is neither diminishing nor has it been resolved. Many CCD investigations, using sensitive genome-based methods, have found small RNA bee viruses and the microsporidia, Nosema apis and N. ceranae in healthy and collapsing colonies alike with no single pathogen firmly linked to

Jerry J. Bromenshenk; Colin B. Henderson; Charles H. Wick; Michael F. Stanford; Alan W. Zulich; Rabih E. Jabbour; Samir V. Deshpande; Patrick E. McCubbin; Robert A. Seccomb; Phillip M. Welch; Trevor Williams; David R. Firth; Evan Skowronski; Margaret M. Lehmann; Shan L. Bilimoria; Joanna Gress; Kevin W. Wanner; Robert A. Cramer

2010-01-01

385

Oversea Education and British Colonial Education 1929-63.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on an early twentieth century journal called "Oversea Education," designed to increase communication among British colonies, particularly for education, based on William Ormsby Gore's travels among the colonies. Describes Frank Ward's editorial work that championed the rights of colonial subjects to have better educational policy. (KDR)

Whitehead, Clive

2003-01-01

386

Reduced disease in offspring: A benefit of coloniality in sunfish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Increased disease and parasitism are a well-documented cost of group living for colonial birds and mammals, but we now show that disease in offspring of fish may be reduced by nesting in colonies. The aquatic fungusSaprolegnia sp., which is a common cause of egg mortality among freshwater fishes, is more prevalent in the nests of solitary than colonial male

Isabelle M. Côté; Mart R. Gross

1993-01-01

387

Controlled Use Robot Colony Power Supply Gary Parker  

E-print Network

at a power station. onboard controller implemented to direct hexapod colony robot behavior according power sensor/source colony robots powered with capacitors. Keywords: hexapod, power supply, capacitors, colony with hexapod robots. power station was placed in middle inner wall The power station consists of metal plates

Parker, Gary B.

388

Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies  

E-print Network

Review Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies Thomas D. Seeley Section 1997) Abstract - Solving the puzzle of colony integration in honey bees requires understanding how this information, I share some thoughts about information flow within honey bee colonies. These thoughts are based

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

The University in Colonial Spanish America: A Historiographical Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cities and religious orders in colonial Latin America competed vigorously and often bitterly to acquire a university, but little is understood of the cultural impact of the university on cities, regions, or the colonial system. The university in the Spanish colonies derived its organization and traditions from the University of Salamanca, a…

McKibben, Joyce

390

Strategic planning for every manager.  

PubMed

All managers plan, but many managers of small organizations limit their planning activities to developing and guiding discrete projects. This decision stems from two erroneous assumptions: strategic planning is useful only in large organizations, and it is too complex for a small organization. As a result, these managers deprive their organizations of an essential tool for long-term survival and prosperity. Strategic planning helps any organization effectively use its scarce resources by relating every decision to the organization's mission. The process for doing this consists of a sequence of decisions that applies in all cases. However, the effort involved in reaching each of these decisions varies with the size and complexity of the organization. Consequently, leaders of small units need not forego using this essential managerial tool. In this article, each decision is described and illustrated with an example from a typical small enterprise. PMID:10106892

Reeves, P N

1990-01-01

391

FY005 Accomplishments for Colony Project  

SciTech Connect

The Colony Project is developing operating system and runtime system technology to enable efficient general purpose environments on tens of thousands of processors. To accomplish this, we are investigating memory management techniques, fault management strategies, and parallel resource management schemes. Recent results show promising findings for scalable strategies based on processor virtualization, in-memory checkpointing, and parallel aware modifications to full featured operating systems.

Jones, T; Kale, L; Moreira, J; Mendes, C; Chakravorty, S; Inglett, T; Tauferner, A

2005-07-05

392

WANGER INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

WANGER INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY RESEARCH (WISER) Strategic Plan Summary #12;WISER Strategic Plan Summary | 1 WANGER INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY RESEARCH (WISER) STRATEGIC PLAN SUMMARY 1 by developing and supporting undergraduate research in energy and sustainability related areas. � Develop co

Heller, Barbara

393

Swarming Ring Patterns in Bacterial Colonies Exposed to Ultraviolet Radiation  

SciTech Connect

We report a novel morphological transition in a Bacillus subtilis colony initially growing under ambient conditions, after ultraviolet radiation exposure. The bacteria in the central regions of the colonies are observed to migrate towards the colony edge forming a ring during uniform spatial exposure. When the radiation is switched off, the colonies were observed to grow both inward into the evacuated regions as well as outward indicating that the pattern is not formed due to depletion of nutrients at the center of the colony. We also propose a reaction-diffusion model in which waste-limited chemotaxis initiated by the UV radiation leads to the observed phenomenology.

Delprato, Anna M.; Samadani, Azadeh; Kudrolli, A.; Tsimring, L. S.

2001-10-08

394

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

395

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2011-01-01

396

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2014-01-01

397

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2012-01-01

398

Water flow and coral colony size: Interhabitat comparisons of the octocoral Alcyonium siderium.  

PubMed

Colonies of the octocoral Alcyonium siderium Verrill form aggregations on subtidal vertical rock walls in the Gulf of Maine. Maximum and mean colony sizes increase dramatically from protected embayments to sites exposed to ocean swells and from the bottom to the top of each vertical wall studied. Water movement along the substratum, generated by surface waves and tides, also increases along both gradients. Although plankton concentrations were similar at all sites during a 2-yr period, increased encounter rates of zooplankton with coral tentacles will result in greater energy intake and, thus, faster growth rates at the more exposed sites with greater flow. Other hypotheses for the proximate cause of the size gradient, such as differential mortality of large colonies or generally higher mortality rates at the protected site, are not consistent with available data. PMID:16593509

Sebens, K P

1984-09-01

399

Water flow and coral colony size: Interhabitat comparisons of the octocoral Alcyonium siderium  

PubMed Central

Colonies of the octocoral Alcyonium siderium Verrill form aggregations on subtidal vertical rock walls in the Gulf of Maine. Maximum and mean colony sizes increase dramatically from protected embayments to sites exposed to ocean swells and from the bottom to the top of each vertical wall studied. Water movement along the substratum, generated by surface waves and tides, also increases along both gradients. Although plankton concentrations were similar at all sites during a 2-yr period, increased encounter rates of zooplankton with coral tentacles will result in greater energy intake and, thus, faster growth rates at the more exposed sites with greater flow. Other hypotheses for the proximate cause of the size gradient, such as differential mortality of large colonies or generally higher mortality rates at the protected site, are not consistent with available data. PMID:16593509

Sebens, K. P.

1984-01-01

400

A novel method for exploring elemental composition of microbial communities: laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry of intact bacterial colonies.  

PubMed

Bacterial colonies are spatially complex structures whose physiology is profoundly dependent on interactions between cells and with the underlying semi-solid substratum. Here, we use bacterial colonies as a model of a microbial community to evaluate the potential of laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to delineate elemental distributions within colonies with minimal pre-treatment. To reduce water content of the colony and limit undesirable absorption of laser energy, we compared methods of preparing 24h-old colonies of Escherichia coli TG1 on agar for laser ablation. Colonies on excised agar segments dried on chromatography paper were superior to colonies dried in a dessicator or by prolonged incubation, with respect to signal magnitude, signal:noise ratio and background signal. Having optimised laser scan speed (10 microm s(-1)) and laser beam diameter (100 microm), further improvements were achieved by growing colonies on nylon membranes over agar, which were then transferred to the ablation chamber without further treatment. Repeated line rasters across individual membrane-supported colonies yielded three-dimensional elemental maps of colonies, revealing a convex morphology consistent with visual inspection. By normalising isotope counts for P, Mn, Zn, Fe and Ca against Mg, the most abundant cellular divalent cation, we sought elemental heterogeneity within the colony. The normalised concentration of Mn in the perimeter was higher than in the colony interior, whereas the converse was true for Ca. LA-ICP-MS is a novel and powerful method for probing elemental composition and organisation within microbial communities and should find numerous applications in, for example, biofilm studies. PMID:19835915

Latimer, Joe; Stokes, Sarah L; Graham, Alison I; Bunch, Josephine; Jackson, Rachel J; McLeod, Cameron W; Poole, Robert K

2009-12-01

401

Microtable Arrays for Culture and Isolation of Cell Colonies  

PubMed Central

Cell microarrays with culture sites composed of individually removable microstructures or micropallets have proven benefits for isolation of cells from a mixed population. The laser energy required to selectively remove these micropallets with attached cells from the array depends on the microstructure surface area in contact with the substrate. Laser energies sufficient to release micropallets greater than 100 ?m resulted in loss of cell viability. A new 3-dimensional culture site similar in appearance to a table was designed and fabricated using a simple process that relied on a differential sensitivity of two photoresists to UV-mediated photopolymerization. With this design, the larger culture area rests on four small supports to minimize the surface area in contact with the substrate. Microtables up to 250 × 250 ?m were consistently released with single 10 ?J pulses to each of the 4 support structures. In contrast, microstructures with a 150 × 150 ?m surface area in contact with the substrate could not be reliably released at pulse energies up to 212 ?J. Cassie-Baxter wetting is required to provide a barrier of air to localize and sequester cells to the culture sites. A second asset of the design was an increased retention of this air barrier under conditions of decreased surface tension and after prolonged culture of cells. The improved air retention was due to the hydrophobic cavity created beneath the table and above the substrate which entrapped air when an aqueous solution was added to the array. The microtables proved an efficient method for isolating colonies from the array with 100% of selected colonies competent to expand following release from the array. PMID:20644916

Pai, Jeng-Hao; Xu, Wei; Sims, Christopher E.; Allbritton, Nancy L.

2010-01-01

402

Hospital strategic preparedness planning: the new imperative.  

PubMed

Strategic preparedness planning is an important new imperative for many hospitals. Strategic preparedness planning goes beyond traditional product/market strategic planning by focusing on disaster prevention, containment, and response roles. Hospitals, because of their unique mission, size, complexity, the types of materials they handle, and the types of patients they encounter, are especially vulnerable to natural and human-initiated disasters. In addition, when disasters occur, hospitals must develop well-conceived first responder (receiver) strategies. This paper argues the case for strategic preparedness planning for hospitals and proposes a process for this relatively new and much needed type of planning. PMID:18709942

Ginter, Peter M; Duncan, W Jack; Abdolrasulnia, Maziar

2007-01-01

403

Wading birds as biological indicators 1975 colony survey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The suitability of wading birds (herons and their allies) as biological indicators in the coastal environment were studied in 1975 by 8 teams of investigators which located and censused 198 colonies along the Atlantic coast from Maine to Florida [USA]. Over 1/4 million breeding birds [Ardea herodias, Butorides virescens, Florida caerulea, Bubulcus ibis, Dichromanassa rufescens, Casmerodius albus, Egretta thula, Hydranassa tricolor, Nycticorax nycticorax, Nyctanassa violacea, Mycteria americana, Plegadis falcinellus, Eudocimus albus and Ajaia ajaja] were censused. The number of species in colonies ranged from 1-11. The number of 1- and 2-spp. colonies increased from Florida to Maine. Colony size decreased from Florida to Maine. Wading bird colony sites are generally active each year and the number of colonies may have recently increased in some areas of the coast. Species composition and total population of colonies fluctuate from year to year. The breeding population of wading birds was correlated with the area of coastal wetlands by state. Five teams of investigators studied the reproductive biology of 9 spp. in 13 colonies. Mean clutch size, the percentage of nests in which 1 or more eggs hatched and the overall percentage of eggs that hatched differed among colonies for some species, but no latitudinal gradient was found in any of these characteristics for any species. The use of wading birds to their full potential as biological indicators requires further exploration: survey and reproductive success methods need to be tested, the survey of colonies repeated, available historical information assembled and habitat requirements measured.

Custer, T.W.; Osborn, R.G.

1977-01-01

404

Strategic Directions 2010-2012  

E-print Network

on improving undergraduate retention and education, raising KU’s scholarly and #31;#20; #20;#16;#31;#18;#23;#1;#29;#31;#28;)#25;#20; #1;#16;#27;#19;#1;#20;#27; "#31;#24;#27;#22;#1; #14;#1;#23;#16; #1;!#23;#20;#1;#31;#20; #28;"#31;#18;#20; #1;!#28;#1...;#16;#18;#18;#28;#26;#29;#25;#24; #23;#1;!#23;#20; #20;#1;#16;#27;#19;#1;#28;!#23;#20;#31;#1; critical priorities. This vision demands an alignment of the libraries’ strategic directions and goals to support the university. Accordingly, the plan includes new initiatives that address...

2009-11-01

405

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE -STRATEGIC PLAN 2009-2014 Approved 22.07.10 STRATEGIC PLAN  

E-print Network

Medicine, Nature Immunology, Nature Nanotechnology and Science over the last few years. ResearchSCHOOL OF MEDICINE - STRATEGIC PLAN 2009-2014 Approved 22.07.10 Page 1/61 STRATEGIC PLAN SCHOOL OF MEDICINE 2009-2014 #12;SCHOOL OF MEDICINE - STRATEGIC PLAN 2009-2014 Approved 22.07.10 Page 2/61 CONTENTS

O'Mahony, Donal E.

406

Intercellular Genomics of Subsurface Microbial Colonies  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress in the second year of this project. The objective is to develop methods and software to predict the spatial configuration, properties and temporal evolution of microbial colonies in the subsurface. To accomplish this, we integrate models of intracellular processes, cell-host medium exchange and reaction-transport dynamics on the colony scale. At the conclusion of the project, we aim to have the foundations of a predictive mathematical model and software that captures the three scales of these systems – the intracellular, pore, and colony wide spatial scales. In the second year of the project, we refined our transcriptional regulatory network discovery (TRND) approach that utilizes gene expression data along with phylogenic similarity and gene ontology analyses and applied it successfully to E.coli, human B cells, and Geobacter sulfurreducens. We have developed a new Web interface, GeoGen, which is tailored to the reconstruction of microbial TRNs and solely focuses on Geobacter as one of DOE’s high priority microbes. Our developments are designed such that the frameworks for the TRND and GeoGen can readily be used for other microbes of interest to the DOE. In the context of modeling a single bacterium, we are actively pursuing both steady-state and kinetic approaches. The steady-state approach is based on a flux balance that uses maximizing biomass growth rate as its objective, subjected to various biochemical constraints, for the optimal values of reaction rates and uptake/release of metabolites. For the kinetic approach, we use Karyote, a rigorous cell model developed by us for an earlier DOE grant and the DARPA BioSPICE Project. We are also investigating the interplay between bacterial colonies and environment at both pore and macroscopic scales. The pore scale models use detailed representations for realistic porous media accounting for the distribution of grain size whereas the macroscopic models employ the Darcy-type flow equations and up-scaled advective-diffusive transport equations for chemical species. We are rigorously testing the relationship between these two scales by evaluating macroscopic parameters using the volume averaging methodology applied to pore scale model results.

Ortoleva, Peter; Tuncay, Kagan; Gannon, Dennis; Meile, Christof

2007-02-14

407

Josephine Baker: psychoanalysis and the colonial fetish.  

PubMed

This paper traces an intricate path connecting racial fantasy, aesthetic judgment, and the larger cultural problem of inter-subjective recognition. In particular, the author examines the theme of fetishism, both sexual and racial, in a Western historical, colonial context, in order to unravel a set of disturbances that cohere around the racial fetish then and now. Taking the figure of an entertainment icon of the 1920s, Josephine Baker, as a case study, the author shows how the imagination of the colonizing white male was both articulated and disrupted by Baker as a ready-made representation of the cultural, racial, and sexual other. PMID:16482962

Cheng, Anne Anlin

2006-01-01

408

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, [January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq`s invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department`s crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

Not Available

1992-05-15

409

Playback of colony sound alters the breeding schedule and clutch size in zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) colonies  

PubMed Central

The hypothesis that social stimulation, derived from the presence and activities of conspecifics, can hasten and synchronize breeding in colonies of birds was tested. A modified playback/recorder system was used to continuously exaggerate the amount of colony sound available to zebra finches throughout their courtship period. Males that heard ‘sound supplements’ generated from their own colony sang more than males in control colonies that did not receive playback; males that heard samples from a different colony, sang at an intermediate level. Females that were exposed to the vocalizations of their mate and playback from a colony other than their own, laid eggs earlier and more synchronously than females in control colonies. Females that heard the vocalizations of their mate along with playback samples generated from their own colony, laid eggs more synchronously but not earlier than control females. Both acoustic treatments caused females to lay larger clutches. Social stimulation influences the breeding schedule and clutch size in zebra finch colonies. If there are advantages associated with these effects, social stimulation may contribute to the maintenance of colonial breeding systems. PMID:15734692

Waas, Joseph R.; Colgan, Patrick W.; Boag, Peter T.

2005-01-01

410

COVASIAM: an Image Analysis Method That Allows Detection of Confluent Microbial Colonies and Colonies of Various Sizes for Automated Counting  

PubMed Central

In this work we introduce the confluent and various sizes image analysis method (COVASIAM), an automated colony count technique that uses digital imaging technology for detection and separation of confluent microbial colonies and colonies of various sizes growing on petri dishes. The proposed method takes advantage of the optical properties of the surfaces of most microbial colonies. Colonies in the petri dish are epi-illuminated in order to direct the reflection of concentrated light coming from a halogen lamp towards an image-sensing device. In conjunction, a multilevel threshold algorithm is proposed for colony separation and counting. These procedures improved the quantification of colonies showing confluence or differences in size. We tested COVASIAM with a sample set of microorganisms that form colonies with contrasting physical properties: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Aspergillus nidulans, Escherichia coli, Azotobacter vinelandii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Rhizobium etli. These physical properties range from smooth to hairy, from bright to opaque, and from high to low convexities. COVASIAM estimated an average of 95.47% (? = 8.55%) of the manually counted colonies, while an automated method based on a single-threshold segmentation procedure estimated an average of 76% (? = 16.27) of the manually counted colonies. This method can be easily transposed to almost every image-processing analyzer since the procedures to compile it are generically standard. PMID:9546177

Corkidi, G.; Diaz-Uribe, R.; Folch-Mallol, J. L.; Nieto-Sotelo, J.

1998-01-01

411

First Recorded Loss of an Emperor Penguin Colony in the Recent Period of Antarctic Regional Warming: Implications for Other Colonies  

PubMed Central

In 1948, a small colony of emperor penguins Aptenodytes forsteri was discovered breeding on Emperor Island (67° 51? 52? S, 68° 42? 20? W), in the Dion Islands, close to the West Antarctic Peninsula (Stonehouse 1952). When discovered, the colony comprised approximately 150 breeding pairs; these numbers were maintained until 1970, after which time the colony showed a continuous decline. By 1999 there were fewer than 20 pairs, and in 2009 high-resolution aerial photography revealed no remaining trace of the colony. Here we relate the decline and loss of the Emperor Island colony to a well-documented rise in local mean annual air temperature and coincident decline in seasonal sea ice duration. The loss of this colony provides empirical support for recent studies (Barbraud & Weimerskirch 2001; Jenouvrier et al 2005, 2009; Ainley et al 2010; Barber-Meyer et al 2005) that have highlighted the vulnerability of emperor penguins to changes in sea ice duration and distribution. These studies suggest that continued climate change is likely to impact upon future breeding success and colony viability for this species. Furthermore, a recent circumpolar study by Fretwell & Trathan (2009) highlighted those Antarctic coastal regions where colonies appear most vulnerable to such changes. Here we examine which other colonies might be at risk, discussing various ecological factors, some previously unexplored, that may also contribute to future declines. The implications of this are important for future modelling work and for understanding which colonies actually are most vulnerable. PMID:21386883

Trathan, Philip N.; Fretwell, Peter T.; Stonehouse, Bernard

2011-01-01

412

Repowering: Capturing the strategic opportunity  

SciTech Connect

Recent changes in the electric utility business environment and the increasing development of a new competitive market place in bulk power have caused electric utilities to seek out better ways to compete for market share and increase shareholder earnings, while providing service to ratepayers on a least-cost basis. In response to these market changes, electric utilities are seeking new ways to provide their traditional services and manage existing assets, while becoming successful competitors in the new competitive marketplace. In searching for a supply side opportunity that will allow them to compete in the new competitive market place as a least-cost option while controlling the underlying asset, many utilities are recognizing that repowering their existing powerplants may be the secret for success. However, the utility repowering evaluation has largely been viewed as a technical/engineering issue. Few utilities have considered the sound business and financial reasons for repowering. In fact, repowering can and should be viewed as an integral part of corporate strategic planning and of utility corporate reorganization and financial restructuring. The legal, financing, contracting and environmental aspects of repowering deserve greater focus and attention by utility management. Refocusing the internal utility review of the repowering option presents a strategic opportunity as utility corporate reorganization and financial restructuring assume a more critical role.

Gottlieb, J.W.; Colucci, D.M. [Reid and Priest LLP, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-10-01

413

Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research. Final technical report for FY85  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) has extensive facilities and expertise for underground storage of crude oil but limited analytical laboratory capabilities. The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, has extensive experience in petroleum testing and has served as the analytical support laboratory for SPRO

P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay; B. H. Diehl; K. W. Hornung

1985-01-01

414

Pre-Colonial Systems of Writing and Post-Colonial Languages of Publication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous accounts of "europhone" status (anglophone, francophone, etc.) have inadequately addressed spoken-written differences as well as different post-colonial developments taken by Southeast Asia, South Asia, North Africa, and East Africa vis-a-vis those of West, Central, and Southern Africa. This article investigates the extent to which the…

Riney, Timothy J.

1998-01-01

415

Disrupting the Coloniality of Being: Toward De-Colonial Ontologies in Philosophy of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay works to bridge conversations in philosophy of education with decolonial theory. The author considers Margonis' (1999, 2011a, b) use of Rousseau (1979) and Heidegger (1962) in developing an ontological attitude that counters social hierarchies and promotes anti-colonial relations. While affirming this effort, the essay outlines a…

Richardson, Troy A.

2012-01-01

416

12 CFR 917.5 - Strategic business plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MANAGEMENT § 917.5 Strategic business plan. (a) Adoption of strategic business plan. Beginning on July 30, 2000, each Bank's board of directors...in effect at all times a strategic business plan that describes how the...

2010-01-01

417

Designing a Customer-Focused Workshop for Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A customer-focused workshop for manufacturing strategic planning used a market-oriented approach and an interactive collaborative process among stakeholders. Reflective learning was found to enhance strategic planning; organizational culture must support strategic thinking. (SK)

Hwang, Ahn-Sook

1998-01-01

418

Pervious Pavement A Strategic Plan For NYC DOT  

E-print Network

Pervious Pavement A Strategic Plan For NYC DOT Presented By: Rene Brana Spring 2012 Capstone: Pervious Pavement - A Strategic Plan for NYC DOT 2 Capstone: Pervious Pavement - A Strategic Plan for NYC DOT 3 Image courtesy of

Qian, Ning

419

A catalog of Louisiana's nesting seabird colonies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

collective habitats which comprise Louisiana's now fragile coastal zone have taken major hits from commercial/residential, oil & gas, and other industrial development, primarily in the form of coastal erosion exacerbated by these and other factors (Portnoy 1978, Spendelow and Patton 1988, Martin and Lester 1990, Green, et al. 2006). Moreover, during this same period, both geologic subsidence rates (Tornqvist et al. 2008) and mean sea-level (Tornqvist et al. 2002) have increased, along with significant tropical storm activity; all of which have combined to impact available marsh, barrier island, beach, and dredge spoil nesting habitat for waterbirds, especially seabirds, throughout the coastal zone of Louisiana. The primary objective of this publication is to detail those coastal Louisiana colonial seabird nesting sites for which we have reasonably accurate data, in a tabular, site-by-site format. All major survey (1976-2008) data of site-by-site seabird species counts, as well as several smaller data sets, referred to in the site history tables as “miscellaneous observations” obtained during the May-June seabird breeding period, are included. It is our hope that these data will provide a dependable foundation from which future colonial seabird nesting surveys might be planned and carried out, as well as showcase the importance of coastal Louisiana's seabird rookeries, and contribute to their conservation.

Fontenot, William R.; Cardiff, Steve W.; DeMay, Richard A.; Dittmann, Donna L.; Hartley, Stephen B.; Jeske, Clinton W.; Lorenz, Nicole; Michot, Thomas C.; Purrington, Robert Dan; Seymour, Michael; Vermillion, William G.

2012-01-01

420

Antennal cropping during colony foundation in termites  

PubMed Central

Abstract The literature on pairing and mating behavior in termites indicates that a number of distal antennal segments in dealates of both sexes are often removed during colony foundation, with terms such as amputation, mutilation and cannibalism typically employed to report the phenomenon. Here we propose the use of the phrase ‘antennal cropping’ to describe the behavior, and assess naturally occurring levels of its occurrence by comparing the number of antennal segments in museum specimens of alates and dealates in 16 species of Australian termites (four families), supplemented by analyzing published data on Coptotermes gestroi. Dealates had significantly fewer antennal segments than alates in 14 of the 16 termite species, with both exceptions belonging to the family Termitidae. Levels of antennal cropping were not significantly different between the sexes but did vary by family. Dealates in the Kalotermitidae removed the most segments (41.3%) and those in the Termitidae removed the fewest (8.9%). We discuss the biological significance of this phylogenetically widespread termite behavior, and suggest that controlled antennal cropping is not only a normal part of their behavioral repertoire but also a key influence that changes the conduct and physiology of the royal pair during the initial stages of colony foundation. PMID:22287897

Nalepa, Christine A.; Evans, Theodore A.; Lenz, Michael

2011-01-01

421

Designing communicating colonies of biomimetic microcapsules  

PubMed Central

Using computational modeling, we design colonies of biomimetic microcapsules that exploit chemical mechanisms to communicate and alter their local environment. As a result, these synthetic objects can self-organize into various autonomously moving structures and exhibit ant-like tracking behavior. In the simulations, signaling microcapsules release agonist particles, whereas target microcapsules release antagonist particles and the permeabilities of both capsule types depend on the local particle concentration in the surrounding solution. Additionally, the released nanoscopic particles can bind to the underlying substrate and thereby create adhesion gradients that propel the microcapsules to move. Hydrodynamic interactions and the feedback mechanism provided by the dissolved particles are both necessary to achieve the collective dynamics exhibited by these colonies. Our model provides a platform for integrating both the spatial and temporal behavior of assemblies of “artificial cells,” and allows us to design a rich variety of structures capable of exhibiting complex, cooperative behavior. Due to the cell-like attributes of polymeric microcapsules and polymersomes, material systems are available for realizing our predictions. PMID:20616065

Kolmakov, German V.; Yashin, Victor V.; Levitan, Steven P.; Balazs, Anna C.

2010-01-01

422

Beyond the Visual: Considering the Archaeology of Colonial Sounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many historians and archaeologists have focused on trade goods in the French colonies, yet few have examined how these items\\u000a were animated in colonial contexts. Here, the issue of colonial performance as it related to trade goods (such as hawk bells,\\u000a brass tinklers, glass beads) is examined and it is argued that the power of these objects was more than

Diana DiPaolo Loren

2008-01-01

423

Global path planning approach based on ant colony optimization algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm was modified to optimize the global path. In order to simulate the real ant colonies,\\u000a according to the foraging behavior of ant colonies and the characteristic of food, conceptions of neighboring area and smell\\u000a area were presented. The former can ensure the diversity of paths and the latter ensures that each ant can reach the

Zhi-qiang Wen; Zi-xing Cai

2006-01-01

424

VIRULENCE-LINKED COLONIAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATION IN LEPTOSPIRA  

PubMed Central

Faine, S. (University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia), and J. van der Hoeden. Virulence-linked colonial and morphological variation in Leptospira. J. Bacteriol. 88:1493–1496. 1964.—Large-colony typical hooked Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae was virulent for hamsters and guinea pigs. On cultivation, it was gradually replaced by a serologically identical small-colony avirulent straight mutant. The hooked virulent form was selected in vivo. Images PMID:14234810

Faine, S.; Hoeden, J. Van Der

1964-01-01

425

Giant eosinophil colonies from cultures of bone marrow cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  To date, the small size and slow growth of eosinophil colonies in vitro has hampered study of cloned eosinophils. We found\\u000a enhanced eosinophil colony size and numbers in methylcellulose cultures of bone marrow cells utilizing defined supplemented\\u000a bovine calf serum (DSBCS) in combination with EL4 conditioned medium (EL4-CM). At days 9, 16 and 23 significantly more eosinophil\\u000a colonies and more

J. H. Butterfield; D. Weiler

1986-01-01

426

An Eye for Talent Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

An Eye for Talent Strategic Plan 2011-2014 #12;Credits Publication University of Amsterdam Design for Talent | 3 contents #12;Introduction The publication every four years of a Vision for the Future for Talent' picks up precisely where the last Strategic Plan, `Learning to Excel', left off. In mapping our

van Rooij, Robert

427

Models of Strategic Planning in Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of publications coming out of a 3-year project designed to improve evaluation and planning in community colleges, this monograph presents case studies illustrating alternative models of strategic planning. Chapter 1 provides an overview of current challenges to academic management, strategic planning, models of planning, and…

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

428

Dalton Cumbrian Facility Strategic Science Plan  

E-print Network

Dalton Cumbrian Facility Strategic Science Plan Purpose of this Document: This document gives physics. The physical consequence of the strategic science plan will be to grow the radiation sciences: DCF on a sunny Cumbrian day. #12;2 Executive Summary The radiation sciences and nuclear engineering

429

State Strategic Planning. Policy Issues Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning is a technique that has been developed to help managers and leaders address the need for organizational transformation in response to societal change. Its elements include external environmental scanning, internal capacity analysis, participation and involvement, mission and strategic goals, implementation/linkage plans, and…

McCune, Shirley D.

430

Estimating strategic interactions in petroleum exploration  

E-print Network

Estimating strategic interactions in petroleum exploration C.-Y. Cynthia Lin1 Agricultural When individual petroleum-producing firms make their exploration decisions, information externalities and extraction externalities may lead them to interact strategically with their neighbors. If they do occur

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

431

Supply chain management: a strategic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many leading firms in the USA have adopted an integrated strategic approach to purchasing and logistics management known as supply chain management. As the twenty-first century begins, supply chain management has become a significant strategic tool for firms striving to improve quality, customer service and competitive success. This article surveyed senior managers in various industries to study the prevalent supply

Keah Choon Tan; Steven B. Lyman; Joel D. Wisner

2002-01-01

432

Working and Strategic Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working memory and its contribution to performance on strategic memory tests in schizophrenia were studied. Patients (n = 18) and control participants (n = 15), all men, received tests of immediate memory (forward digit span), working memory (listening, computation, and backward digit span), and long-term strategic (free recall, temporal order, and self-ordered pointing) and nonstrategic (recognition) memory. Schizophrenia patients performed

Maria Stone; John D. E. Gabrieli; Glenn T. Stebbins; Edith V. Sullivan

1998-01-01

433

Strategic Plans and Principals' Need for Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the extent that principals' managerial behavior is related to their beliefs about control. Argues for a negative relation between extreme locus of control and perspectives used by individuals for strategic and long-term plans. "Extreme control" principals produce strategic plans with shorter perspectives. (Contains 56 references.)…

Nir, Adam E.

2000-01-01

434

Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences San José State University Fall 2010 #12;Rachel O'Malley Faculty in Residence for Sustainability College of Social Sciences San José State University July 30, 2010 Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences, San José State University

Su, Xiao

435

Collaborative Strategic Planning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book outlines a simple, five-phase collaborative approach to strategic planning that has worked effectively on many campuses. Specifically, Collaborative Strategic Planning (CSP) refers to the disciplined and thoughtful process of meaningfully engaging relevant stakeholders in creating a shared future vision and goals for their institution.…

Sanaghan, Patrick

2009-01-01

436

Applying Mixed Methods Techniques in Strategic Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its most basic form, strategic planning is a process of anticipating change, identifying new opportunities, and executing strategy. The use of mixed methods, blending quantitative and qualitative analytical techniques and data, in the process of assembling a strategic plan can help to ensure a successful outcome. In this article, the author…

Voorhees, Richard A.

2008-01-01

437

COLLEGE OF PHARMACY AND NUTRITION STRATEGIC PLAN  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF PHARMACY AND NUTRITION STRATEGIC PLAN 2008/09 to 2011/12 October 2007 #12;College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Strategic Plan 2008/09 to 2011/12 i TABLE OF CONTENTS PART ONE: COLLEGE OF PHARMACY......................................................................................................15 4.2 College of Pharmacy Action Plans and Proposal for University Consideration: Summary

Saskatchewan, University of

438

Strategic environmental assessments for genetically modified organisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetically modified crops appear to provide a promising option in finding sustainable solutions to end global hunger and poverty, but strategic decisions need to be made on how to spend limited agricultural research funds. Potentially, strategic environmental assessment (SEA) may be used as part of an environmental management system to introduce mainstreaming of environmental considerations in the policy research and

Nicholas A. Linacre; Joanne Gaskell; Mark W. Rosegrant; Jose Falck-Zepeda; Hector Quemada; Mark Halsey; Regina Birner

2006-01-01

439

The strategic value of customer profitability analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to show how intelligence emanating from customer profitability analysis (CPA) can help improve strategic marketing planning. Insights into the profitability of individual customers, as well as the distribution of profitability across the customer base, can lead to better decisions in the areas of managing costs and revenues, managing risks and strategic market

Erik M. van Raaij

2005-01-01

440

Strategic responses to food safety legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses the responses made by food companies to changes in food safety legislation. Such responses are assessed in three ways. Firstly, an assessment is made as to why strategic responses to such legislation might be different to general strategic behaviour. Secondly a conceptual framework is presented and an examination of supply chain organisational response is made. Finally, the

Rupert Loader; Jill E. Hobbs

1999-01-01

441

Smart strategic planning for cardiovascular services.  

PubMed

Strategic planning for cardiovascular services should include formation of a cardiovascular advisory committee composed of key stakeholders. The strategic plan should include an internal assessment, external market analysis, review of operations, development of strategies and initiatives, and a financial analysis. The organization's mission and vision, as well as its financial situation, need to be considered in formulating strategies. PMID:16355753

Hartman, Karen

2005-12-01

442

Strategic petroleum reserve data acquisition system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Data Acquisition System is a general purpose, digital data acquisition system designed for field use in the DOE's Strategic Petroleum Reserve testing and monitoring program. The system is computer driven, under the control of an operator. The system is designed to allow the operator to perform pre-test system configuration; test monitoring and control; and post test

P. D. Merillat; A. G. Bauer

1980-01-01

443

NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research  

E-print Network

NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research Efforts to Accelerate Control and Eradication of Malaria Institutes of Health #12;O NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research Executive Summary Malaria remains a leading global public health concern. Although there have been prior attempts to control malaria

Bandettini, Peter A.

444

Strategic planning for efficient underground mine design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning is a management tool used to solve problems and provide data and decision alternatives for company growth, profitability, and direction. Strategic planning is defined as the efforts needed to accurately measure the risks of obtaining a result from future actions given a finite number of outcomes. The techniques of strategic planning are being applied more and more to underground

1985-01-01

445

Thoughts on Evaluation of SME Strategic Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inherent in the development of Strategic Relationships must be a methodology of evaluation. To date, the implicit assumption is that strategic relationships between SME's and larger firms are mutually beneficial - unfortunately, this is not always the case. This paper focuses on a dichotomy and classification of possible relationships and evaluation methodologies from a conceptual perspective. The dichotomy is somewhat

Andrew Boyd; John A. Boyd

2002-01-01

446

Leadership practices that encourage strategic thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to define and then investigate the incidence of organizational leadership practices that encourage a culture of strategic thinking. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Discussions with 400 US healthcare executives attending focused educational seminars identified 18 leadership practices that encourage strategic thinking and 117 participants in subsequent seminars completed a survey assessing their use of the

Ellen F. Goldman

2012-01-01

447

The Art of War and Strategic Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching of management is a sociocultural process. The concept of strategic management defines the existing and planned relationship between an organization and its environment. Such relationships are greatly influenced by social, political and economic developments of the society at large. It is argued here that a teacher of strategic management should be aware of the cross-cultural aspects and be able

Priscilla Chu; Olivia Tse

1992-01-01

448

A Topology of Strategic Choice in Retailing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retailers face a multitude of strategic choices, with varying levels of risk, profitability and societal impact. Sifting through these options is a daunting task. In the literature, strategies have been successfully categorized using grids and matrices. Reviews first the strategy matrix approach, especially as applied to retailing; then introduces a topology of strategic choice in retailing which provides a way

Susan McDowell Mudambi

1994-01-01

449

Strategic Plan: July 2010 to June 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 15-16, 2010, California State Librarian Stacey A. Aldrich, initiated a strategic planning summit in Sacramento, California. The purpose of the summit was to build the future pathways for the California State Library (CSL)--one of California's oldest cultural institutions. This was accomplished by developing a CSL strategic plan (values,…

California State Library, 2010

2010-01-01

450

Managing Strategic Nets: A Capability Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This conceptual article focuses on the management of strategic business networks. Networks are seen to offer firms collective benefits beyond those of a single firm or market transaction. We aim to contribute to the development of the emerging theory of network management by integrating notions from the Industrial Network Approach, strategic management, and the Dynamic Capabilities View. Our starting premise

Kristian Möller; Senja Svahn

2003-01-01

451

SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative): a policy analysis  

SciTech Connect

Contents include -- Foundations of Deterrence; A Model for Stability; Analysis of SDI/Stability; Related Issues; Treatment of Implementation Factors; Historical Evolution and Trends; The Strategic Choices and Flexible Response; The Planners' Perspective; The Impact of Strategic Defense on a Strategy of Flexible Response; Synthesis.

Fought, S.O.

1987-01-01

452

NASA 2011 Strategic Plan Vision & Mission  

E-print Network

NASA 2011 Strategic Plan Vision & Mission Vision: NASA leads scientific and technological advances, education, innovation, economic vitality, and stewardship of the Earth. #12;NASA 2011 Strategic Plan Goals capabilities to conduct NASA's aeronautics and space activities. · Goal 6: Share NASA with the public

Waliser, Duane E.

453

24 CFR 91.415 - Strategic plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Strategic plan. 91.415 Section 91.415...Contents of Consolidated Plan § 91.415 Strategic plan. Strategies and priority...needs. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number...

2010-04-01

454

Alertness management in flight operations - Strategic napping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Strategic napping in two different flight operation environments is considered to illustrate its application as a fatigue countermeasure. Data obtained from commercial short-haul and long-haul operations demonstrated the utility and current practices of strategic napping. A preplanned cockpit nap acted as an acute 'safety valve' for the sleep loss, circadian disruption, and fatigue that occurs in long-haul flying.

Rosekind, Mark R.; Gander, Philippa H.; Dinges, David F.

1991-01-01

455

Using Strategic Planning To Improve Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the elements of strategic planning and applies them to educational reform and improvement. The paper also describes how a planning model, Strategic Planning for Educational Reform and Improvement (SPERI), was used by Rural Assistance Councils (RACs) in Pennsylvania and Delaware, with technical assistance from Research for…

D'Amico, Joseph J.

456

Learning Spaces as a Strategic Priority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 2007 Butler Community College made learning spaces one of its five strategic priorities. The college had just completed a major renovation of the work spaces for the IT division and had started a project to build a student union and create informal learning spaces at the Andover campus. With learning spaces becoming a strategic priority,…

George, Gene; Erwin, Tom; Barnes, Briony

2009-01-01

457

Managing Uncertainty: Thinking and Planning Strategically.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that rapid change and tight resources demand reality-based planning, rather than planning models that ignore internal and external customers or emphasize process over product. Describes the Strategic Guidance Model (SGM) which provides colleges with strategic visioning, organizational assessment, environmental scanning, quality improvement,…

Lorenzo, Albert L.

1993-01-01

458

Laser-induced speckle scatter patterns in Bacillus colonies  

PubMed Central

Label-free bacterial colony phenotyping technology called BARDOT (Bacterial Rapid Detection using Optical scattering Technology) provided successful classification of several different bacteria at the genus, species, and serovar level. Recent experiments with colonies of Bacillus species provided strikingly different characteristics of elastic light scatter (ELS) patterns, which were comprised of random speckles compared to other bacteria, which are dominated by concentric rings and spokes. Since this laser-based optical sensor interrogates the whole volume of the colony, 3-D information of micro- and macro-structures are all encoded in the far-field scatter patterns. Here, we present a theoretical model explaining the underlying mechanism of the speckle formation by the colonies from Bacillus species. Except for Bacillus polymyxa, all Bacillus spp. produced random bright spots on the imaging plane, which presumably dependent on the cellular and molecular organization and content within the colony. Our scatter model-based analysis revealed that colony spread resulting in variable surface roughness can modify the wavefront of the scatter field. As the center diameter of the Bacillus spp. colony grew from 500 to 900 ?m, average speckles area decreased two-fold and the number of small speckles increased seven-fold. In conclusion, as Bacillus colony grows, the average speckle size in the scatter pattern decreases and the number of smaller speckle increases due to the swarming growth characteristics of bacteria within the colony. PMID:25352840

Kim, Huisung; Singh, Atul K.; Bhunia, Arun K.; Bae, Euiwon

2014-01-01

459

Varroa-Virus Interaction in Collapsing Honey Bee Colonies  

PubMed Central

Varroa mites and viruses are the currently the high-profile suspects in collapsing bee colonies. Therefore, seasonal variation in varroa load and viruses (Acute-Kashmir-Israeli complex (AKI) and Deformed Wing Virus (DWV)) were monitored in a year-long study. We investigated the viral titres in honey bees and varroa mites from 23 colonies (15 apiaries) under three treatment conditions: Organic acids (11 colonies), pyrethroid (9 colonies) and untreated (3 colonies). Approximately 200 bees were sampled every month from April 2011 to October 2011, and April 2012. The 200 bees were split to 10 subsamples of 20 bees and analysed separately, which allows us to determine the prevalence of virus-infected bees. The treatment efficacy was often low for both treatments. In colonies where varroa treatment reduced the mite load, colonies overwintered successfully, allowing the mites and viruses to be carried over with the bees into the next season. In general, AKI and DWV titres did not show any notable response to the treatment and steadily increased over the season from April to October. In the untreated control group, titres increased most dramatically. Viral copies were correlated to number of varroa mites. Most colonies that collapsed over the winter had significantly higher AKI and DWV titres in October compared to survivors. Only treated colonies survived the winter. We discuss our results in relation to the varroa-virus model developed by Stephen Martin. PMID:23526946

Francis, Roy M.; Nielsen, Steen L.; Kryger, Per

2013-01-01

460

PREDATION AND COLONIALITY IN CLIFF SWALLOWS (PETR0 CHELIDON PYRRHONOTA)  

E-print Network

- perimentson the Cliff Swallow(Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)thattesttheeffectofcolonysizeon the time it takestoPREDATION AND COLONIALITY IN CLIFF SWALLOWS (PETR0 CHELIDON PYRRHONOTA) GERALDS. WILKINSON1AND

Wilkinson, Gerald S.

461

Emergence of polymorphic mating strategies in robot colonies.  

PubMed

Polymorphism has fascinated evolutionary biologists since the time of Darwin. Biologists have observed discrete alternative mating strategies in many different species. In this study, we demonstrate that polymorphic mating strategies can emerge in a colony of hermaphrodite robots. We used a survival and reproduction task where the robots maintained their energy levels by capturing energy sources and physically exchanged genotypes for the reproduction of offspring. The reproductive success was dependent on the individuals' energy levels, which created a natural trade-off between the time invested in maintaining a high energy level and the time invested in attracting mating partners. We performed experiments in environments with different density of energy sources and observed a variety in the mating behavior when a robot could see both an energy source and a potential mating partner. The individuals could be classified into two phenotypes: 1) forager, who always chooses to capture energy sources, and 2) tracker, who keeps track of potential mating partners if its energy level is above a threshold. In four out of the seven highest fitness populations in different environments, we found subpopulations with distinct differences in genotype and in behavioral phenotype. We analyzed the fitnesses of the foragers and the trackers by sampling them from each subpopulation and mixing with different ratios in a population. The fitness curves for the two subpopulations crossed at about 25% of foragers in the population, showing the evolutionary stability of the polymorphism. In one of those polymorphic populations, the trackers were further split into two subpopulations: (strong trackers) and (weak trackers). Our analyses show that the population consisting of three phenotypes also constituted several stable polymorphic evolutionarily stable states. To our knowledge, our study is the first to demonstrate the emergence of polymorphic evolutionarily stable strategies within a robot evolution framework. PMID:24717898

Elfwing, Stefan; Doya, Kenji

2014-01-01

462

15 CFR 1160.23 - Assistance in establishing Strategic Partnerships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Strategic Partnership Initiative § 1160.23 Assistance in establishing Strategic Partnerships. (a)...

2011-01-01

463

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report, August 15, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of the most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur and a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163), as amended, to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the US under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1994, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1994-08-15

464

The spectral quality of light is a key driver of photosynthesis and photoadaptation in Stylophora pistillata colonies from different depths in the Red Sea.  

PubMed

Depth zonation on coral reefs is largely driven by the amount of downwelling, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) that is absorbed by the symbiotic algae (zooxanthellae) of corals. The minimum light requirements of zooxanthellae are related to both the total intensity of downwelling PAR and the spectral quality of the light. Here we used Stylophora pistillata colonies collected from shallow (3 m) and deep (40 m) water; colonies were placed in a respirometer under both ambient PAR irradiance and a filter that only transmits blue light. We found that the colonies exhibited a clear difference in their photosynthetic rates when illuminated under PAR and filtered blue light, with higher photosynthetic performance when deep colonies were exposed to blue light compared with full-spectrum PAR for the same light intensity and duration. By contrast, colonies from shallow water showed the opposite trend, with higher photosynthetic performances under full-spectrum PAR than under filtered blue light. These findings are supported by the absorption spectra of corals, with deeper colonies absorbing higher energy wavelengths than the shallow colonies, with different spectral signatures. Our results indicate that S. pistillata colonies are chromatically adapted to their surrounding light environment, with photoacclimation probably occurring via an increase in photosynthetic pigments rather than algal density. The spectral properties of the downwelling light are clearly a crucial component of photoacclimation that should be considered in future transplantation and photoacclimation studies. PMID:21075950

Mass, T; Kline, D I; Roopin, M; Veal, C J; Cohen, S; Iluz, D; Levy, O

2010-12-01

465

Dynamics of the presence of israeli acute paralysis virus in honey bee colonies with colony collapse disorder.  

PubMed

The determinants of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), a particular case of collapse of honey bee colonies, are still unresolved. Viruses including the Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV) were associated with CCD. We found an apiary with colonies showing typical CCD characteristics that bore high loads of IAPV, recovered some colonies from collapse and tested the hypothesis if IAPV was actively replicating in them and infectious to healthy bees. We found that IAPV was the dominant pathogen and it replicated actively in the colonies: viral titers decreased from April to September and increased from September to December. IAPV extracted from infected bees was highly infectious to healthy pupae: they showed several-fold amplification of the viral genome and synthesis of the virion protein VP3. The health of recovered colonies was seriously compromised. Interestingly, a rise of IAPV genomic copies in two colonies coincided with their subsequent collapse. Our results do not imply IAPV as the cause of CCD but indicate that once acquired and induced to replication it acts as an infectious factor that affects the health of the colonies and may determine their survival. This is the first follow up outside the US of CCD-colonies bearing IAPV under natural conditions. PMID:24800677

Hou, Chunsheng; Rivkin, Hadassah; Slabezki, Yossi; Chejanovsky, Nor

2014-05-01

466

Dynamics of the Presence of Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus in Honey Bee Colonies with Colony Collapse Disorder  

PubMed Central

The determinants of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), a particular case of collapse of honey bee colonies, are still unresolved. Viruses including the Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV) were associated with CCD. We found an apiary with colonies showing typical CCD characteristics that bore high loads of IAPV, recovered some colonies from collapse and tested the hypothesis if IAPV was actively replicating in them and infectious to healthy bees. We found that IAPV was the dominant pathogen and it replicated actively in the colonies: viral titers decreased from April to September and increased from September to December. IAPV extracted from infected bees was highly infectious to healthy pupae: they showed several-fold amplification of the viral genome and synthesis of the virion protein VP3. The health of recovered colonies was seriously compromised. Interestingly, a rise of IAPV genomic copies in two colonies coincided with their subsequent collapse. Our results do not imply IAPV as the cause of CCD but indicate that once acquired and induced to replication it acts as an infectious factor that affects the health of the colonies and may determine their survival. This is the first follow up outside the US of CCD-colonies bearing IAPV under natural conditions. PMID:24800677

Hou, Chunsheng; Rivkin, Hadassah; Slabezki, Yossi; Chejanovsky, Nor

2014-01-01

467

Dynamics of Concealment in French/Muslim Neo-Colonial Encounters: An Exploration of Colonial Discourses in Contemporary France.  

E-print Network

??This paper investigates the neo-colonial situation occurring within contemporary France, surrounding the tensions that have emerged concomitantly with increasing numbers of Muslim immigrants in the… (more)

Koons, Casey Joseph

2008-01-01

468

How Much Is Too Much? Assessment of Prey Consumption by Magellanic Penguins in Patagonian Colonies  

PubMed Central

Penguins are major consumers in the southern oceans although quantification of this has been problematic. One suggestion proposes the use of points of inflection in diving profiles (‘wiggles’) for this, a method that has been validated for the estimation of prey consumption by Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) by Simeone and Wilson (2003). Following them, we used wiggles from 31 depth logger-equipped Magellanic penguins foraging from four Patagonian colonies; Punta Norte (PN), Bahía Bustamente (BB), Puerto Deseado (PD) and Puerto San Julián (PSJ), all located in Argentina between 42–49° S, to estimate the prey captured and calculate the catch per unit time (CPUT) for birds foraging during the early chick-rearing period. Numbers of prey caught and CPUT were significantly different between colonies. Birds from PD caught the highest number of prey per foraging trip, with CPUT values of 68±19 prey per hour underwater (almost two times greater than for the three remaining colonies). We modeled consumption from these data and calculate that the world Magellanic penguin population consumes about 2 million tons of prey per year. Possible errors in this calculation are discussed. Despite this, the analysis of wiggles seems a powerful and simple tool to begin to quantify prey consumption by Magellanic penguins, allowing comparison between different breeding sites. The total number of wiggles and/or CPUT do not reflect, by themselves, the availability of food for each colony, as the number of prey consumed by foraging trip is strongly associated with the energy content and wet mass of each colony-specific ‘prey type’. Individuals consuming more profitable prey could be optimizing the time spent underwater, thereby optimizing the energy expenditure associated with the dives. PMID:23251554

Sala, Juan E.; Wilson, Rory P.; Quintana, Flavio

2012-01-01

469

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1993, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity and plans to accelerate the acquisition or construction of such capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1993-08-15

470

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities undertaken by the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the third quarter of calendar year 1994. It addresses issues relative to storage facilities in Texas and Louisiana and include information on fill rate; average price of products purchased; current and projected storage capacity of each facility; analyses of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage or petroleum products; budgets established for the operation of each facility during the quarter and total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated. The report also briefly discusses two problems which have temporarily reduced the Reserve`s oil inventory for drawdown. These problems are a higher-than-normal gas content and elevated temperatures of crude at other facilities.

Not Available

1994-11-15

471

Competing strategically through market orientation.  

PubMed

As organizations seek to better understand their customers, competitors, and environments, the marketing function effectively serves as the support mechanism for these activities in many industries. Accordingly, in many organizations the marketing concept has been elevated to the stature of a strategic weapon, manifested in the form of market orientation. Market-oriented firms emphasize the collection, organization, and dissemination of information regarding both customers and competitors. This strategy is especially well-suited for the health care industry where customer knowledge is of paramount importance, customer interaction is instantaneous, and customer satisfaction is essential. Results of a national study of general service hospitals suggest that firms which embrace a market orientation benefit through enhanced customer satisfaction and quality. PMID:10179668

Rapert, M I; Yarbrough, L

1997-01-01

472

Strategic renewal for business units.  

PubMed

Over the past decade, business units have increasingly taken the role of strategy formulation away from corporate headquarters. The change makes sense: business units are closer to customers, competitors, and costs. Nevertheless, business units can fail, just as headquarters once did, by losing their focus on the organization's priorities and capabilities. John Whitney--turnaround expert and professor of management at Columbia University--offers a method for refocusing companies that he calls the strategic-renewal process. The principles behind the process are straightforward, but its execution demands extensive data, rigorous analysis, and the judgment of key decision makers. However, when applied with diligence, it can produce a strategy that yields both growth and profit. To carry out the process, managers must analyze, one by one or in logical groupings, the company's customers, the products it sells, and the services it offers in light of three criteria: strategic importance, significance, and profitability. Does a given customer, product, or service mesh with the organization's goals? Is it significant in terms of current and future revenues? And is it truly profitable when all costs are care fully considered? Customers, products, and services that do not measure up, says the author, must be weeded out relentlessly. Although the process is a painstaking one, the article offers clear thinking on why-and how-to go about it. A series of exhibits takes managers through the questions they need to raise, and two matrices offer Whitney's concentrated wisdom on when to cultivate--and when to prune. PMID:10158476

Whitney, J O

1996-01-01

473

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of the most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the third quarter of calendar year 1993, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity and plans to accelerate the acquisition or construction of such capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated. Samples of the oil revealed two problems that, although readily correctable, have reduced the availability of some of the oil inventory for drawdown in the near-term. These problems are: (1) a higher-than-normal gas content in some of the crude oil, apparently from years of intrusion of methane form the surrounding salt formation; and (2) elevated temperatures of some of the crude oil, due to geothermal heating, that has increased the vapor pressure of the oil. Investigations are proceeding to determine the extent to which gas intrusion and geothermal heating are impacting the availability of oil for drawdown. Preliminary designs have been developed for systems to mitigate both problems.

Not Available

1993-11-15

474

Strategic tick control in Burundi.  

PubMed

Strategic tick control is an attempt to control ticks and reduce losses in animal production due to tick infestations while decreasing the cost for this control. Tick control is understood as a necessity to achieve maximum animal production from animals raised in tick-infested areas. At the same time, it has become difficult to justify intensive, year-round tick control for local breeds and their crosses. The increasing costs of acaricides, maintenance of the infrastructures, salaries for personnel, etc. have created a tick control programme where the benefits may not be adequate to justify the expense. This has been the case in Burundi. This programme with adequate participation from the cattle owners of Burundi and organizational support from government personnel can help solve this economic problem. The strategic programme reduces the period of tick control to four months each year. Once optimal participation is achieved, this period can probably be reduced to three months (Kaiser et al., 1988). The period of treatment corresponds to when there is maximal feeding activity of adult female ticks on the bovine population within a certain region. Cattle should be treated once each week throughout the four-month period in order to prevent female tick engorgement (based on the life cycle of R. appendiculatus). This will greatly reduce the number of female ticks which are available to recycle the population of ticks in the participating area. At the same time, a certain population of ticks must be maintained in order to assure contact between the cattle, ticks, and tick-borne diseases of this particular region.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2284129

Moran, M C; Nigarura, G

1990-04-01

475

A drowned Mesozoic bird breeding colony from the Late Cretaceous of Transylvania.  

PubMed

Despite a rapidly improving fossil record, the reproductive biology of Mesozoic birds remains poorly known: only a handful of undisputed, isolated Cretaceous eggs (some containing embryonic remains) are known. We report here the first fossil evidence for a breeding colony of Mesozoic birds, preserved at the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Oarda de Jos (Od) site in the Sebe? area of Transylvania, Romania. A lens of calcareous mudstone with minimum dimensions of 80 cm length, 50 cm width and 20 cm depth contains thousands of tightly packed, morphologically homogenous eggshell fragments, seven near-complete eggs and neonatal and adult avialan skeletal elements. Eggshell forms 70-80 % of the matrix, and other fossils are entirely absent. The bones exhibit clear characters of the Cretaceous avialan clade Enantiornithes, and the eggshell morphology is also consistent with this identification. Both taphonomy and lithology show that the components of this lens were deposited in a single flood event, and we conclude that it represents the drowned remains of a larger enantiornithine breeding colony, swamped by rising water, washed a short distance and deposited in a shallow, low-energy pond. The same fate often befalls modern bird colonies. Such a large concentration of breeding birds suggests aquatic feeding in this species, augments our understanding of enantiornithine biology and shows that colonial nesting was not unique to crown birds. PMID:22575918

Dyke, Gareth; Vremir, Mátyás; Kaiser, Gary; Naish, Darren

2012-06-01

476

Ant Colony Optimization and Hypergraph Covering Problems  

E-print Network

Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) is a very popular metaheuristic for solving computationally hard combinatorial optimization problems. Runtime analysis of ACO with respect to various pseudo-boolean functions and different graph based combinatorial optimization problems has been taken up in recent years. In this paper, we investigate the runtime behavior of an MMAS*(Max-Min Ant System) ACO algorithm on some well known hypergraph covering problems that are NP-Hard. In particular, we have addressed the Minimum Edge Cover problem, the Minimum Vertex Cover problem and the Maximum Weak- Independent Set problem. The influence of pheromone values and heuristic information on the running time is analysed. The results indicate that the heuristic information has greater impact towards improving the expected optimization time as compared to pheromone values. For certain instances of hypergraphs, we show that the MMAS* algorithm gives a constant order expected optimization time when the dominance of heuristic information is ...

Pat, Ankit

2011-01-01

477

Concepts for an export oriented lunar colony  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A model of a lunar domestic economy is presented which consists of 12 sectors, trading 21 goods and services. Material flow for operations and investments are balanced to minimize shortages and surpluses. Prices are formed by targeting a 15-35% return on assets for industry and a 15% after expenses income for labour. From this data, accounting statements, a 14 × 14 cash flow input/output matrix (consisting of 11 industrial sectors, labour, foreign trade and finance), and macroeconomic analyses are prepared which illuminate the most important links in the lunar economy. From this model conclusions are drawn regarding the matter of how best to lay the basis for sustainable colony growth and prosperity.

Miller, Kent L.

478

Modelling the morphology of migrating bacterial colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a model which aims at describing the morphology of colonies of Proteus mirabilis and Bacillus subtilis. Our model is based on a cellular automaton which is obtained by the adequate discretisation of a diffusion-like equation, describing the migration of the bacteria, to which we have added rules simulating the consolidation process. Our basic assumption, following the findings of the group of Chuo University, is that the migration and consolidation processes are controlled by the local density of the bacteria. We show that it is possible within our model to reproduce the morphological diagrams of both bacteria species. Moreover, we model some detailed experiments done by the Chuo University group, obtaining a fine agreement.

Nishiyama, A.; Tokihiro, T.; Badoual, M.; Grammaticos, B.

2010-08-01

479

The cultural dichotomy of colonial people.  

PubMed

We have presented a justification for the application of some of the principles of individual psychic development to the understanding of societal development. The interplay between the various systems of organization provides a circular and reciprocal interaction between the individual and the broader organizational levels of which he is a part. We have noted how individuals contribute to the characteristics of these organizational levels, as they contribute to his own. An illustration of this interplay has been provided by describing the impact of a societal condition such as colonialism on the colonized individual, as well as its force in shaping the character of the collectivity. Its effect on individual parameters of self-definition and self-esteem has been noted, and its possible relevance to psychotherapeutic processes pointed out. PMID:7085391

Bird, H R

1982-04-01

480

Optic disc detection using ant colony optimization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The retinal fundus images are used in the treatment and diagnosis of several eye diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. This paper proposes a new method to detect the optic disc (OD) automatically, due to the fact that the knowledge of the OD location is essential to the automatic analysis of retinal images. Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) is an optimization algorithm inspired by the foraging behaviour of some ant species that has been applied in image processing for edge detection. Recently, the ACO was used in fundus images to detect edges, and therefore, to segment the OD and other anatomical retinal structures. We present an algorithm for the detection of OD in the retina which takes advantage of the Gabor wavelet transform, entropy and ACO algorithm. Forty images of the retina from DRIVE database were used to evaluate the performance of our method.

Dias, Marcy A.; Monteiro, Fernando C.

2012-09-01

481

Medicine in colonial Australia, 1788-1900.  

PubMed

For the first five decades of European settlement in Australia, medical care for convicts and free settlers was provided by the Colonial Medical Service. After about 1850, as population and wealth grew markedly, there was significant professional development based on private practice. Except in Victoria, medical societies and journals did not become solidly established until late in the 19th century. The advent of local British Medical Association branches was an important factor in this consolidation. In the first few years of the colony, mortality was very high, but the common childhood infections were absent until the 1830s. From the 1880s, there was a sustained decline in mortality from communicable diseases, and therefore in aggregate mortality, while maternal mortality remained high. Australian practitioners quickly took up advances in practice from overseas, such as antisepsis and diphtheria antitoxin. They shared in the international growth in the status of medicine, which was conferred by the achievements of bacteriology in particular. From 1813, students were apprenticed in Sydney and Hobart and then travelled to Britain to obtain corporate qualifications. Medical schools were ultimately opened in the new universities in Melbourne (in 1862), Sydney (1883) and Adelaide (1885). The first female student was admitted to medicine in Sydney in 1885. Medical politics were intense. The outlawing of practice by unorthodox practitioners proved to be an unattainable goal. In the latter half of the 19th century, doctors saw chemists as unfair competitors for patients. The main medicopolitical struggle was with the mutual-aid friendly societies, which funded basic medical care for a significant proportion of the population until well into the 20th century. The organised profession set out to overcome the power of the lay-controlled societies in imposing an unacceptable contract system on doctors, even if, historically, the guaranteed income was a sine qua non of practice in poorer areas. PMID:25047777

Lewis, Milton J

2014-07-01

482

Evaluation of counting error due to colony masking in bioaerosol sampling.  

PubMed Central

Colony counting error due to indistinguishable colony overlap (i.e., masking) was evaluated theoretically and experimentally. A theoretical model to predict colony masking was used to determine colony counting efficiency by Monte Carlo computer simulation of microorganism collection and development into CFU. The computer simulation was verified experimentally by collecting aerosolized Bacillus subtilis spores and examining micro- and macroscopic colonies. Colony counting efficiency decreased (i) with increasing density of collected culturable microorganisms, (ii) with increasing colony size, and (iii) with decreasing ability of an observation system to distinguish adjacent colonies as separate units. Counting efficiency for 2-mm colonies, at optimal resolution, decreased from 98 to 85% when colony density increased from 1 to 10 microorganisms cm-2, in contrast to an efficiency decrease from 90 to 45% for 5-mm colonies. No statistically significant difference (alpha = 0.05) between experimental and theoretical results was found when colony shape was used to estimate the number of individual colonies in a CFU. Experimental colony counts were 1.2 times simulation estimates when colony shape was not considered, because of nonuniformity of actual colony size and the better discrimination ability of the human eye relative to the model. Colony surface densities associated with high counting accuracy were compared with recommended upper plate count limits and found to depend on colony size and an observation system's ability to identify overlapped colonies. Correction factors were developed to estimate the actual number of collected microorganisms from observed colony counts.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7986046

Chang, C W; Hwang, Y H; Grinshpun, S A; Macher, J M; Willeke, K

1994-01-01

483

Factors affecting the proportion of sterile soldiers in growing aphid colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proportion of sterile soldiers in an aphid colony is positively correlated with colony size. Assuming logistic growth of the aphid colony, Aoki and Kurosu (Insect Soc 50:256–261, 2003) presented an inequality that determines, for any colony size, whether a soldier or a reproductive will be added to the colony. To put it in words, if the marginal defensive efficacy

Shigeyuki Aoki; Masaru Imai

2005-01-01

484

Estimating 3-dimensional colony surface area of field corals  

EPA Science Inventory

Colony surface area is a critical descriptor for biological and physical attributes of reef-building (scleractinian, stony) corals. The three-dimensional (3D) size and structure of corals are directly related to many ecosystem values and functions. Most methods to estimate colony...

485

Ant Colony Optimization with Immigrants Schemes in Dynamic Environments  

E-print Network

Ant Colony Optimization with Immigrants Schemes in Dynamic Environments Michalis Mavrovouniotis1 of the pop- ulation and enhance the performance of the algorithm for DOPs. Among these approaches, immigrants immigrants schemes are applied to ant colony optimization (ACO) for the dynamic travelling salesman problem

Yang, Shengxiang

486

Improved ant colony algorithm for solving assignment problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assignment problem is one of the fundamental combinatorial optimization problems, ant colony algorithm is a kind of bionic optimization algorithm. The method of applying improved ant colony algorithm to assignment problem is analyzed. Based on the definitions of migration matrix, cost matrix, pheromone matrix, the node selection strategy, local pheromone updating rules and global pheromone updating rules are introduced in

Chunhui Piao; Xufang Han; Yalan Wu

2010-01-01

487

The Transatlantic Constitution: Colonial Legal Culture and the Empire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Transatlantic Constitution makes a major impact on the way we see the legacy of the colonial period and the later federal relationship that continues to affect us today. Mary Sarah Bilder presents an intensive examination of the structure and functioning of the legal relationship across the Atlantic, between the people of a colony and the legal metropolis in London.

Mary S Bilder

2004-01-01

488

Original article Observations on colony defense of Apis nuluensis  

E-print Network

Original article Observations on colony defense of Apis nuluensis Tingek, Koeniger and Koeniger; accepted 12 August 1996) Summary — Colony defense and predatory behavior of Vespa multimaculata was observed at the entrance of a natural nest site of Apis nuluensis. When V multimaculata was present, guard

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

489

The paradoxical after-life of colonial governmentality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing the emergency number 911 as a device to open onto two continents of governance – one ‘hot’ the other ‘cold’, one binary, the other the disaggregation of the binary – this paper shows that colonial governmentality is marked by a paradoxical combination of the two. Moreover, it argues that colonial governmentality is the progenitor of this form of governance

Michael Dutton

2010-01-01

490

36 CFR 7.1 - Colonial National Historical Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Colonial National Historical Park. 7.1 Section 7.1 Parks...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.1 Colonial...

2010-07-01

491

Homosexuals and the Death Penalty in Colonial America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article traces the legislative history of statutes prescribing the death penalty for sodomy in 17-th century New England and in the other American colonies. New England and some middle colonies broke with English legal tradition by adopting explicitly biblical language. After the Revolution, Pennsylvania took the lead, in 1786, in dropping the death penalty.

LOUIS CROMPTON

1976-01-01

492

Indigenous Knowledge in the Science Curriculum: Avoiding Neo-Colonialism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education in Papua New Guinea has been influenced by neo-colonial practices that have significantly contributed to the silencing of the Papua New Guinea voice. This silencing has led to the production of science curriculum documents that are irrelevant to the students for whom they are written. To avoid being caught up in neo-colonial…

Ryan, Ann

2008-01-01

493

Commentary: Responses from Colonial Williamsburg Staff to Stoddard (2009)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jeremey Stoddard's article in this issue, "Toward a Virtual Field Trip Model for the Social Studies," describes his analysis of the Colonial Williamsburg Electronic Field Trip and a conceptual model for developing meaningful and successful electronic or virtual field trips. In an effort to contextualize the Colonial Williamsburg Electronic Field…

Lee, John K.; Hicks, David

2009-01-01

494

Land reform in South Africa and the colonial present  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops Derek Gregory's concept of the ‘colonial present’ by demonstrating how the colonial present in rural South Africa in general and around land reform in particular has conditioned land reform outcomes. My development of the concept departs from Gregory's in two key respects. I argue first that, by viewing it in relation to the geopolitics of capitalism, it

Alistair Fraser

2007-01-01

495

Ant colony optimization with the characteristic of social work division  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve the continuous space optimization problems, an ant colony optimization with the characteristic of social work division is presented. The decimal coding rule of the variables in continuous space is explained. The paper presents six behaviors of artificial ant, the function of the promotion team ant colony and the three-dimensional coordinate pheromone system. Computer simulation results indicate

Li Xinxin; Luo Yi; Zhang Juntao

2008-01-01

496

Model Specification Searches Using Ant Colony Optimization Algorithms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ant colony optimization is a recently proposed heuristic procedure inspired by the behavior of real ants. This article applies the procedure to model specification searches in structural equation modeling and reports the results. The results demonstrate the capabilities of ant colony optimization algorithms for conducting automated searches.

Marcoulides, George A.; Drezner, Zvi

2003-01-01

497

Modeling cell-matrix traction forces in Keratinocyte colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Crosstalk between cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions plays an essential role in the mechanical function of tissues. The traction forces exerted by cohesive keratinocyte colonies with strong cell-cell adhesions are mostly concentrated at the colony periphery. In contrast, for weak cadherin-based intercellular adhesions, individual cells in a colony interact with their matrix independently, with a disorganized distribution of traction forces extending throughout the colony. In this talk I will present a minimal physical model of the colony as contractile elastic media linked by springs and coupled to an elastic substrate. The model captures the spatial distribution of traction forces seen in experiments. For cell colonies with strong cell-cell adhesions, the total traction force of the colony measured in experiments is found to scale with the colony's geometrical size. This scaling suggests the emergence of an effective surface tension of magnitude comparable to that measured for non-adherent, three-dimensional cell aggregates. The physical model supports the scaling and indicates that the surface tension may be controlled by acto-myosin contractility.

Banerjee, Shiladitya

2013-03-01

498

Whose freedom? Whose memories? Commemorating Danish colonialism in St. Croix  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article addresses the issues of cultural and archival historical representations as they are presented in Danish journalism about historical events taking place in the former colonies of Denmark, the current United States' Virgin Islands (USVI). The (post)colonial relationship between Denmark and USVI has been overlooked by Danish and 'western'-based scholars for quite some time. The article presents the case

Bolette B. Blaagaard

2011-01-01

499

Discover for Yourself: An Optimal Control Model in Insect Colonies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe the enlightening path of self-discovery afforded to the teacher of undergraduate mathematics. This is demonstrated as we find and develop background material on an application of optimal control theory to model the evolutionary strategy of an insect colony to produce the maximum number of queen or reproducer insects in the colony at…

Winkel, Brian

2013-01-01

500

Optimization of power electronic circuits using ant colony system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony optimization (ACO) is typically used to search paths through graphs. The concept is based on simulating the behavior of ants in finding paths from the colony to food. Its searching mechanism is applicable for optimizing electric circuits with components, like resistors and capacitors, available in discrete values. In this paper, an extended ACO (eACO) that can search the

Jun Zhang; H. S. H. Chung; A. W. L. Lo; Tao Huang

2008-01-01