These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Guam Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

Describes various energy strategies available to Guam to meet the territory's goal of diversifying fuel sources and reducing fossil energy consumption 20% by 2020.The information presented in this strategic energy plan will be used by the Guam Energy Task Force to develop an energy action plan. Available energy strategies include policy changes, education and outreach, reducing energy consumption at federal facilities, and expanding the use of a range of energy technologies, including buildings energy efficiency and conservation, renewable electricity production, and alternative transportation. The strategies are categorized based on the time required to implement them.

Conrad, M. D.

2013-07-01

2

Energy research strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

Research and development is an essential element of economic prosperity and a traditional source of strength for the U.S. economy. During the past two decades, the way of introducing technological developments into the national economy has changed steadily. Previously, industry did most long-term technology development and some basic research with private funding. Today, the Nation`s industry relies mostly on federally-funded research to provide the knowledge base that leads to new technologies and economic growth. In the 1980s, U.S. firms lost major technology markets to foreign competition. In response, many firms increased emphasis on technology development for near term payoff while decreasing long term research for new technology. The purpose of the Office of Energy Research of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is to provide basic research and technology development that triggers and drives economic development and helps maintain U.S. world leadership in science. We do so through programs of basic and applied research that support the Department`s energy, environmental and national defense missions and that provide the foundation for technical advancement. We do so by emphasizing research that maintains our world leadership in science, mathematics, and engineering and through partnerships with universities, National Laboratories, and industries across the Nation.

NONE

1995-08-01

3

Georgia Tech Strategic Energy Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Georgia Tech Strategic Energy InitiativeâÂÂs mission is "to actively engage in and facilitate energy technology development, assessments, demonstration projects, and policy guidance based on scientific facts, engineering principles and economic realities." They analyze the national impact of implementing new energy system technology options in relation to the current status of world oil and gas production, which is characterized by higher and higher prices. They study new and innovative energy technologies in the transportation, building, manufacturing, and electric power sectors and work with Georgia TechâÂÂs researchers, as well as industry and government partners, to carry out research, development, and demonstration projects. Presentations from their formal kickoff dinner and workshop provide an overview of the Initiative, while more discussion of ongoing projects are described in the Current Projects section of the website. The Energy Facts section provides information on Clean Coal, Ethanol, Fossil Fuel Resources, and Nuclear energy. They also make two Energy Briefs available to download, one on World Oil Production: Future Implications and another on Hybrid Vehicles.

4

Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Energy Innovation  

E-print Network

ecando Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Energy Innovation and Climate Change Mitigation www.eit-energy: Sustainable energy solutions independent of nuclear energy Highly qualified innovators that will be global citizen, eCANDO will have the right package of services for you to help you change towards a climate

5

Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee Strategic Planning  

E-print Network

, advanced materials that can withstand the harsh environment inside a fusion reactor, and safe regeneration of the fusion fuel from within the reactor. Throughout its history, the quest for fusion has been a globalD R A F T Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee Report on Strategic Planning: Priorities

6

Strategic Energy Analysis (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

NREL complements its scientific research with high-quality, credible, technology-neutral, objective analysis that informs policy and investment decisions as renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies move from innovation through integration. This sheet highlights NREL's analytical capabilities and achievements.

Not Available

2014-02-01

7

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

Describes various energy strategies available to CNMI to meet the territory's goal of diversifying fuel sources and reducing fossil energy consumption. The information presented in this strategic energy plan will be used by the CNMI Governor's Energy Task Force to develop an energy action plan. Available energy strategies include policy changes, education and outreach, and expanding the use of a range of energy technologies, including renewable electricity production and buildings energy efficiency and conservation.

Conrad, M. D.; Ness, J. E.

2013-07-01

8

Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-first century energy challenges include demand growth, national energy security, and global climate protection. The Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) is a public/private partnership between the State of Idaho and its academic research institutions, the federal government through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) managed by the Battelle Energy Alliance (BEA). CAES serves to advance energy security for our nation by expanding the educational opportunities at the Idaho universities in energy-related areas, creating new capabilities within its member institutions, and delivering technological innovations leading to technology-based economic development for the intermountain region. CAES has developed this strategic plan based on the Balanced Scorecard approach. A Strategy Map (Section 7) summarizes the CAES vision, mission, customers, and strategic objectives. Identified strategic objectives encompass specific outcomes related to three main areas: Research, Education, and Policy. Technical capabilities and critical enablers needed to support these objectives are also identified. This CAES strategic plan aligns with and supports the strategic objectives of the four CAES institutions. Implementation actions are also presented which will be used to monitor progress towards fulfilling these objectives.

Kevin Kostelnik; Keith Perry

2007-07-01

9

Energy security and strategic petroleum reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embargo by the OPEC nations during the winter of 1973-74 caused the United States substantial losses in Gross National Product. In 1975, Congress authorized the establishment of a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Underground salt domes were chosen due to lower development costs, the capability to withdraw oil at high flow rates, and the maximum security they provided. The Texas-Louisiana

Charles L. Steinkamp

1984-01-01

10

Steps to Developing the New Orleans Strategic Energy Plan (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation was given by NREL's Elizabeth Doris (Brown) to the New Orleans City Council in January 2008. NREL was funded by DOE to provide technical assistance to New Orleans after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. The presentation provides an overview of strategic energy planning, case studies, and suggested next steps for implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy into the city's rebuilding efforts.

Brown, E.

2011-01-01

11

Penobscot Indian Nation's Strategic Energy Planning Efficiency on tribal Lands  

SciTech Connect

The energy grant provided the resources to evaluate the wind, hydro, biomass, geothermal and solar resource potential on all Penobscot Indian Naiton's Tribal lands. The two objectives address potential renewable energy resources available on tribal lands and energy efficiency measures to be taken after comprehensive energy audits of commercial facilities. Also, a Long Term Strategic Energy Plan was developed along with a plan to reduce high energy costs.

Sockalexis, Mike; Fields, Brenda

2006-11-30

12

Strategic Roadmap 2024: Powering the Energy Frontier  

SciTech Connect

Strategic Roadmap 2024 applies our historic mission to the dynamic and evolving industry environment that includes myriad new regulations, the growing presence of interruptible and intermittent generation resources and constraints on our hydro resources. It also ties together Western’s strategy, initiatives, capital budgets and annual targets to move the agency in one direction, continue to meet customer needs and provide the best value as an organization.

none,

2014-05-01

13

Final Report for the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Planning Project  

SciTech Connect

In 2011 the Tribe was awarded funds from the Department of Energy to formulate the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan. This will be a guiding document used throughout the planning of projects focused on energy reduction on the Reservation. The Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan's goal is to create a Five Year Energy Plan for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians in San Jacinto, California. This plan will guide the decision making process towards consistent progress leading to the Tribal goal of a 25% reduction in energy consumption in the next five years. It will additionally outline energy usage/patterns and will edentify areas the Tribe can decrease energy use and increase efficiency. The report documents activities undertaken under the grant, as well as incldues the Tribe's strategif energy plan.

Miller, Kim [EPA Specialist] [EPA Specialist

2013-09-17

14

Energy policy examined as strategic petroleum reserve is extended  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews the agreement to extent the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SRV) for 4 more years to 1994, include in the reserve refined products,allows drawdown of reserves without a severe energy supply emergency', allows lease of reserves instead of purchase, allows for testing of drawdown capabilities. Also addressed is the call by political leaders for the development of a national energy policy.

Yates, M.

1990-10-11

15

1997 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

With the end of the Cold War and the election of President Clinton, the Department of Energy (DOE) set a new course which began with the publication of its first departmental strategic plan in April 1994. Entitled ``Fueling a Competitive Economy, it provided the framework and shared vision for meeting responsibilities in energy, national security, environmental quality, and science and technology. The strategic plan was the guidepost for the formulation of the Department`s FY 1996, FY 1997, and FY 1998 budgets and was critical to the development of the Department`s Strategic Alignment Initiative, designed to save $1.7 billion over five years. This current plan, which has been significantly improved through a very close consultation process with Congress and customers stakeholders, takes DOE to the next important performance level by being more directly linked to actions and results. It defines a strategic goal for each of the Department`s four business lines and, in the spirit of the Government Performance and Results Act and the National Performance Review, identifies a fifth goal addressing corporate management. Reengineering the business practices, managing for results, being open with neighbors and stakeholders, and ensuring the safety and health of DOE workers and the public are, and will continue to be, among the highest of priorities. Over the coming years, DOE plans to achieve their strategic goals through specific identifiable strategies. Each business line has clear objectives and straightforward ways of defining whether DOE has succeeded in meeting those objectives.

None,

1997-09-01

16

Thailand's energy security: Strategic Petroleum Reserve and its economic impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation studies Thailand's energy security from three related perspectives, the role of oil on the Thai macroeconomy, the sectoral demand for oil in Thailand, and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) policy for the Thai economy. The first part of my dissertation estimates an error correction model of aggregate production function for Thailand. Thai economic growth is modeled as a

Poonpat Leesombatpiboon

2010-01-01

17

ESnet - the energy sciences network strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Program is to provide a highly capable and reliable communications infrastructure that supports the Department of Energy`s (DOE) missions and enables DOE researchers to tap the power of leading-edge information technologies. ESnet provides an essential infrastructure that enhances national competitiveness and accelerates the development of future generations of high-performance, distributed computing systems and networks. These computing systems and networks are vital to modern scientific research. In addition, they enable development of new approaches to energy management, environmental restoration and waste management, national security, industrial processing, and health care, and also facilitate public access to government information. Extensive networks developed by the DOE`s high-energy physics and fusion energy research communities were the forerunners of the ESnet. These networks initially provided improved access to high-energy accelerator sites and to the Magnetic Fusion Energy Supercomputer Center, which opened at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1974.

NONE

1996-12-01

18

Energy Security, Oil Shocks and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Energy Security, Oil Shocks and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is a Website created by Paul N. Leiby of the Resource Analysis Section and Center for Transportation Analysis of the Energy Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The site offers a collection of papers and reports examining the SPR, which is described as an "emergency supply of crude oil stored in huge underground salt caverns along the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico." The papers and reports span the years 1997 to 1999 and cover Oak Ridge National Laboratory's research on this topic, including papers on oil imports and the cost of benefits, strategic petroleum reserves, and macroeconomic cost of oil price shocks. Be sure to check out the SPR description through a small link at the bottom of the page, which gives an information-rich overview of the SPR and links to the Department of Energy's SPR homepage.

19

Pulp & Paper Industry- A Strategic Energy Review  

E-print Network

The pulp and paper industry with yearly energy purchases of $5 billion per year including 50 billion kWh of power is one of the largest industrial energy producers in the U.S. However, structural changes in the global pulp and paper industry could...

Stapley, C. E.

20

Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

2006-11-30

21

California Long Term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan (CPUC, 2008) The Long Term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan (Plan) was developed through a collaborative process  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan (Plan) was developed through a collaborative process involving the California Public of and information on energy efficiency. Marketing of Energy Upgrade California statewide web portal and behavioral solutions. Goal 4: Transform the residential lighting market through technological advancement

22

2011 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Department of Energy is to ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions. Goal 1 is to catalyze the timely, material, and efficient transformation of the nation's energy system and secure U.S. leadership in clean energy technologies. Goal 2 is to maintain a vibrant U.S. effort in science and engineering as a cornerstone of our economic prosperity with clear leadership in strategic areas. Goal 3 is to enhance nuclear security through defense, nonproliferation, and environmental efforts. Goal 4 is to establish an operational and adaptable framework that combines the best wisdom of all Department stakeholders to maximize mission success.

None

2011-05-01

23

Jicarilla Apache Utility Authority Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Strategic Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this Strategic Plan Report is to provide an introduction and in-depth analysis of the issues and opportunities, resources, and technologies of energy efficiency and renewable energy that have potential beneficial application for the people of the Jicarilla Apache Nation and surrounding communities. The Report seeks to draw on the best available information that existed at the time

Rabago

2008-01-01

24

ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES AGAINST STRATEGIC AND NON STRATEGIC THREATS TO NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Allocating limited security and safety resources at a facility with diverse and redundant systems is difficult under severe uncertainty of adversary intentions. Insufficient knowledge of the frequency of an attack and the adversary's choice of targets limits the value of a risk minimization framework that demands such information. Game theory methods that better model the strategic interaction between the defender

Lance Kim

25

Strategic Energy Planning for Renewable Energy Demonstration Center  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this project is to support the addition of renewable energy technologies to the existing CBMI resource recovery park, known as the Cabazon Resource Recovery Park (CRRP) in Mecca, California. The concept approved for this project was to determine if the resources and the needs existed for the addition of a Renewable Energy Demonstration Center (REDC) at the CRRP. The REDC concept is envisioned to support the need of startup renewable companies for a demonstration site that reduces their development costs.

Ross, Becky [Cabazon Band of Mission Indians] [Cabazon Band of Mission Indians; Crandell, George

2014-04-10

26

Critical Metals in Strategic Low-carbon Energy Technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the rapid growth in demand for certain materials, compounded by political risks associated with the geographical concentration of the supply of them, shortages of materials could be a potential bottleneck to the deployment of low-carbon energy technologies. Consequently, an assessment has been carried out to ascertain whether such shortages could jeopardise the objectives of the EU's Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan), especially in the six low-carbon energy technologies of SET-Plan, namely: nuclear, solar, wind, bioenergy, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and electricity grids. The assessment identified 14 metals for which the deployment of the six technologies will require 1% or more (and in some cases, much more) of current world supply per annum between 2020 and 2030. Following a more critical examination, based on the likelihood of rapid future global demand growth, limitations to expanding supply in the short to medium term, and the concentration of supply and political risks associated with key suppliers, 5 of the 14 metals were pinpointed to be at high risk, namely: the rare earth metals neodymium and dysprosium (for wind technology), and the by-products (from the processing of other metals) indium, tellurium and gallium (for photovoltaic technologies). In addition, the work has explored potential mitigation strategies, ranging from expanding European output, increasing recycling and reuse to reducing waste and finding substitutes for these metals in their main applications. Furthermore, recommendations are provided which include closely working with the EU's Raw Materials Initiative; supporting efforts to ensure reliable supply of ore concentrates at competitive prices; promoting R&D and demonstration projects on new lower cost separation processes; and promoting the further development of recycling technologies and increasing end-of-life collection

Moss, R. L.

2012-04-01

27

Industrial Strategic Planning - A New Approach to Developing Energy Efficient Programs  

E-print Network

as an approach specifically structured to develop more comprehensive insight, direction, and control of a company's future during uncertain times. This paper will go through a 9 step strategic planning process. It will focus on energy management issues industrial...

Delgado, R. M.; Mitchell, G. M.

1983-01-01

28

Strategic Plan for Sustainable Energy Management and Environmental Stewardship for Los Angeles Unified School District  

SciTech Connect

This Strategic Plan for Sustainable Energy Management and Environmental Stewardship states goals, measures progress toward goals and how actions are monitored to achieve continuous improvement for the Los Angeles Unified School District.

Walker, A.; Beattie, D.; Thomas, K.; Davis, K.; Sim, M.; Jhaveri, A.

2007-11-01

29

The quality transformation: A catalyst for achieving energy`s strategic vision  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the initial six corporate quality goals for DOE. It also includes accompanying performance measures which will help DOE determine progress towards meeting these goals. The six goals are: (1) There is effective use of performance measurement based on regular assessment of Energy operations using the Presidential Award for Quality, the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, or equivalent criteria. (2) All managers champion continuous quality improvement training for all employees through planning, attendance, and active application. (3) The Department leadership has provided the environment in which employees are enabled to satisfy customer requirements and realize their full potential. (4) The Department management practices foster employee involvement, development and recognition. (5) The Department continuously improves customer service and satisfaction, and internal and external customers recognize Energy as an excellent service provider. (6) The Department has a system which aligns strategic and operational planning with strategic intent, ensures this planning drives resource allocation, provides for regular evaluation of results, and provides feedback.

NONE

1995-01-01

30

Strategic environmental assessment methodologies—applications within the energy sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a procedural tool and within the framework of SEA, several different types of analytical tools can be used in the assessment. Several analytical tools are presented and their relation to SEA is discussed including methods for future studies, Life Cycle Assessment, Risk Assessment, Economic Valuation and Multi-Attribute Approaches. A framework for the integration of some

Goeran Finnveden; Maans Nilsson; Jessica Johansson; Åsa Persson; Åsa Moberg; Tomas Carlsson

2003-01-01

31

Thailand's energy security: Strategic Petroleum Reserve and its economic impacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation studies Thailand's energy security from three related perspectives, the role of oil on the Thai macroeconomy, the sectoral demand for oil in Thailand, and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) policy for the Thai economy. The first part of my dissertation estimates an error correction model of aggregate production function for Thailand. Thai economic growth is modeled as a function of labor, capital, and oil consumption. Unlike previous studies that focus on testing the causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth, I focus on measuring the elasticity of economic growth with respect to oil consumption and oil prices. I find a cointegration relationship between GDP, capital, labor, and oil consumption. The results suggest that there exists a constant-return-to-scale characteristic in Thailand's aggregate production function with the contribution of labor, oil, and capital to output around 68, 19, and 13 percent respectively. The long-run and short-run contribution of oil consumption to the economy appears to be fairly close, suggesting that oil has a critical role in the Thai economy. In the short run, oil shortages have a much more severe impact on Thai economy than the effects of an oil price shock. For example, a 10 percent shortfall in oil consumption might cause economic growth to shrink by 2 percent within the same year while a sharp10 percent rise in oil prices canlead output growth to a fall by about 0.5 percent. The response of output to increases and decreases in oil prices is found to be asymmetric in the short run. The second part of my dissertation examines the short-run and long-run determinants of final oil consumption in seven major economic sectors in Thailand. Two different approaches are compared. The first approach uses dynamic panel data estimation techniques taking into account oil consumption of the whole economy in an aggregate manner. The second approach employs the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ADL) error correction framework to model oil demand in each economic sector separately. The results show that the dynamic panel data approach appears to give estimates consistent with the economic theory. The signs on the coefficients are correct and the magnitude of long-run responses is larger than that of the short-run responses. The single sector model approach yields similar but richer results. Since constant slopes are not imposed across sectors the characteristics and dynamics and responses can differ across sectors. The third part of my dissertation develops a simple Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) model to investigate the economic consequences of the SPR for a "small oil-importing economy." This economy is subject to the risk of oil shocks. Government policy-makers attempt to mitigate the macroeconomic impacts of the shocks by establishing a SPR. The assigned values of the parameters in the model aim to reflect the basic characteristics of the Thai economy. The simulation results show that the impulse responses of key economic variables for different degrees of oil shocks follow the same pattern. When the degree of the shock increases, the magnitude of the stock drawdown increases, which helps lower the negative impact on economic welfare. I examine the welfare effects from alternative sizes of the SPR and the opportunity cost for the economy that result when it has to sacrifice additional resources to maintain and operate the SPR. This lowers the level of resources available for production and consumption in the long run. There exists a trade-off relationship between the sacrificed welfare in the long run and the less volatile welfare in the short run.

Leesombatpiboon, Poonpat

32

Fusion Energy for Power Production: Status Assessment, Identification of Challenges and Strategic Plan for Commercialization  

E-print Network

project communication network, select the (six to seven) fusion initiatives to be evaluated and secure the selected fusion technology as a model (October 2011). Funding Source for Phase I: EPRI Technology1 Fusion Energy for Power Production: Status Assessment, Identification of Challenges and Strategic

33

AN EVALUATION OF THE STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE PROGRAM OF THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States Department of Energy is required by law to plan, acquire, store, and maintain a Strategic Petroleum Reserve of crude oil and petroleum products. This is to be used if there is an interruption in crude oil supply. The plan is described and then analyzed with a linear programming model. The results show that the plan is generally

Jeffrey P. Osleeb

1979-01-01

34

Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Plan An Integrated Strategic Plan for the  

E-print Network

Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Plan An Integrated Strategic Plan that were received from a number of groups and individuals, including the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell government support." -- The National Academies Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel

35

Strategic Plan Progress Report Prepared by Energy Division,  

E-print Network

(CPUC), sets ambitious efficiency goals for the state, including achieving zero net energy (ZNE) new .....................................................................................................7 3 Commercial "Path to Zero"...............................................................10 4

36

Online Strategizing Distributed Renewable Energy Resource Access in Islanded Microgrids  

Microsoft Academic Search

The smart grid, perceived as the next generation power grid, uses two-way flow of electricity and information to create a widely distributed automated energy delivery network. By grouping distributed renewable energy generations and loads, a microgrid, which is seen as one of the cornerstones of the future smart grids, can disconnect from the macrogrid and function autonomously. This intentional islanding

Xi Fang; Dejun Yang; Guoliang Xue

2011-01-01

37

Community Greening: How To Develop A Strategic Energy Plan, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides an overview of strategic electricity planning for communities, using a step-by-step approach to develop the plan. This method has a high chance of success, because it is based on stakeholder buy-in and political commitment. Not all communities will need to follow all steps, but the process is designed to incorporate all parties, maximize solution-based thinking, and develop a plan that can be carried out by community leaders.

Not Available

2010-02-01

38

Managing the Transition State for Energy Strategic Planning  

E-print Network

," The Wharton Magazine, Winter 1977, pp 36-41. 9. Vergara, Eba; Gharajedaghi, Jamshid; Ackoff, Russell L., Excerpt from "A Guide to Interactive Planning," The Wharton School, Philadelphia, PA, 1984, pp 1-11. 10. Ackoff, Russell L., "The Corporate Rain... Dance," The Wharton Magazine, Winter 1977, pp 36-41. 11. Burns, Thomas, "Presentation: Stra tegic Planning," The Wharton School, Philadelphia, PA, pp 1-9. 12. Govindan, T. S., "The Management of Energy Conservation," Energy Prog ress, March 1984...

Koehler, T. A.

39

Evolution of the solar energy industry: Strategic groups and industry structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the structure of the worldwide solar energy industry. It focuses on sets of firms that follow similar competitive strategies (i.e., strategic groups). The dimensions of their competitive strategies include choice of market (residential, commercial, government, utilities), and type of application (on-grid \\/off-grid, centralized\\/decentralized location, retrofit\\/new construction); other dimensions are also relevant (e.g., cost, differentiation, technology choice, technology

Gerald I. Susman

2008-01-01

40

10 Strategic Steps to Reducing Your Energy Costs  

E-print Network

and where simple steps could be taken to conserve energy. It is wise to review all of your plants at the same time so you can gain efficiencies through economies of scale. For example, the cost to install high bay fluorescent fixtures in one facility... may be $200 per fixture; however, it could be lowered to $160 per fixture (or 20%) by making the conversion at several facilities and increasing the volumes. Focusing on the following areas will help you reduce energy costs: a. Lighting - New...

Swanson, G. A.; Haley, M.

2005-01-01

41

Strategic evaluation of energy and distribution management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

To maintain a secure and economic operation for huge power systems, some advanced power system control facilities and technologies, such as energy management system (EMS) and distribution management system (DMS), have been introduced into business operations since 1995. In average, an EMS\\/DMS system can run no more than ten years in China. Accordingly, most of the existing systems in China

Hsing Hung Chen; Chao Ma

2008-01-01

42

STRATEGIC PLAN TO REDUCE THE ENERGY IMPACT OF AIR CONDITIONERS  

E-print Network

Acknowledgements This report represents the efforts of many experts from the air conditioning industry who Manufacturer Freus Air Conditioning Jim Bazemore Consultant Energy Market Innovations, Inc. Doug Beaman of Heating and Air Conditioning Industries Kahn Air Conditioning Tav Commins Staff, Buildings

43

Strategic Energy Management Plan for the 1990's  

E-print Network

major segment of TI with 1986 net sales billed (NSB) exceeding $1.7 billion. DSEG designs, develops, and produces state-of-the-art defense systems and electronics in several major areas incliding radar/avionics, missile guidance FIGURE 1. ENERGY...

Fiorino, D. P.; Priest, J. W.

1987-01-01

44

My Moon Colony  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to the futuristic concept of the moon as a place people can inhabit. They brainstorm what people would need to live on the moon and then design a fantastic Moon colony and decide how to power it. Student use the engineering design process, which includes researching various types of energy sources and evaluating which would be best for their moon colonies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

45

Strategic Planning Concept Paper: ENERGY FREEDOM FIELD by M. Kostic Page 1 of 2 NIU Strategic Planning Concept Paper  

E-print Network

and renewable sources) and is always changing, NIU now could help in further strategic planning and development have enormous potential for economic growth and new jobs in our region, our nation, and globally. We, and not only by following others in acquiring their existing technology (as it has been done). The Freedom

Kostic, Milivoje M.

46

1994 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Fueling a Competitive Economy  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy has a rich heritage of meeting important national goals in the areas of energy, national security, science, and technology. The end of the Cold War, and the election of President Clinton, have given us a new national agenda. Through a comprehensive strategic planning process, we have determined that the Department must now unleash its extraordinary scientific and technical talent and resources on new and more sharply focused goals: fueling a competitive economy, improving the environment through waste management and pollution prevention, and reducing the nuclear danger.

None,

1994-04-01

47

Evaluating conformational free energies: The colony energy and its application to the problem of loop prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce a method to account for the shape of the potential energy curve in the evaluation of conformational free energies. The method is based on a procedure that generates a set of conformations, each with its own force-field energy, but adds a term to this energy that favors conformations that are close in structure (have a

Zhexin Xiang; Cinque S. Soto; Barry Honig

2002-01-01

48

A Look at the U.S. Energy System – A Strategic Impact Model (2050 SIM)  

SciTech Connect

The United States (U.S.) energy infrastructure is among the most reliable, accessible, and economical in the world. On the other hand, it is also excessively reliant on foreign energy sources, experiences high volatility in energy prices, does not always practice good stewardship of finite indigenous energy resources, and emits significant quantities of greenhouse gases. The U.S. Department of Energy is conducting research and development on advanced nuclear reactor concepts and technologies, including High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) technologies, directed at helping the United States meet its current and future energy challenges. This paper discusses the systematic approach used to develop the 2050 Strategic Impact Model (2050 SIM), which allows the user to analyze and depict the benefits of various energy sources in meeting the energy demand. It also provides an overall systems understanding of the tradeoffs between building and using HTGRs versus other existing technologies for providing energy (heat and electricity) to various energy-use sectors in the United States. This paper also provides the assumptions used in the model, the rational for the methodology, and the references for the source documentation and source data used in developing 2050 SIM.

Layne Pincock; John W. Collins

2011-06-01

49

Energy Integration for 2050 - A Strategic Impact Model (2050 SIM), Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

The United States (U.S.) energy infrastructure is among the most reliable, accessible, and economic in the world. On the other hand, it is also excessively reliant on foreign energy sources, experiences high volatility in energy prices, does not always practice good stewardship of finite indigenous energy resources, and emits significant quantities of greenhouse gas. The U.S. Department of Energy is conducting research and development on advanced nuclear reactor concepts and technologies, including High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) technologies, directed at helping the United States meet its current and future energy challenges. This report discusses the Draft Strategic Impact Model (SIM), an initial version of which was created during the later part of FY-2010. SIM was developed to analyze and depict the benefits of various energy sources in meeting the energy demand and to provide an overall system understanding of the tradeoffs between building and using HTGRs versus other existing technologies for providing energy (heat and electricity) to various energy-use sectors in the United States. This report also provides the assumptions used in the model, the rationale for the methodology, and the references for the source documentation and source data used in developing the SIM.

Not Available

2010-10-01

50

Plan for certification and related activities for the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil storage caverns  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to comply with state laws, protect the environment, and protect the national investment in oil stored, it is necessary to periodically verify the integrity of the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (DOE\\/SPR) oil storage caverns. The task of developing plans for cavern certification was a responsibility in Sandia's role of geotechnical support for the SPR program. As

Goin

1983-01-01

51

Sandia Strategic Plan 1997  

SciTech Connect

Sandia embarked on its first exercise in corporate strategic planning during the winter of 1989. The results of that effort were disseminated with the publication of Strategic Plan 1990. Four years later Sandia conducted their second major planning effort and published Strategic Plan 1994. Sandia`s 1994 planning effort linked very clearly to the Department of Energy`s first strategic plan, Fueling a Competitive Economy. It benefited as well from the leadership of Lockheed Martin Corporation, the management and operating contractor. Lockheed Martin`s corporate success is founded on visionary strategic planning and annual operational planning driven by customer requirements and technology opportunities. In 1996 Sandia conducted another major planning effort that resulted in the development of eight long-term Strategic Objectives. Strategic Plan 1997 differs from its predecessors in that the robust elements of previous efforts have been integrated into one comprehensive body. The changes implemented so far have helped establish a living strategic plan with a stronger business focus and with clear deployment throughout Sandia. The concept of a personal line of sight for all employees to this strategic plan and its objectives, goals, and annual milestones is becoming a reality.

NONE

1997-12-01

52

Pigouvian Taxation of Energy for Flow and Stock Externalities and Strategic, Noncompetitive Energy Pricing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on energy and carbon taxes is by and large concerned about the derivation of (globally) efficient strategies. In contrast, this paper considers the dynamic interactions between cartelized energy suppliers and a consumers' government that collectively taxes energy carriers for Pigouvian motives. Two different kinds of external costs are associated with energy consumption: flow (e.g., acid rain) and stock

Wirl Franz

1994-01-01

53

STRATEGIC FOCUS: Sustainable Systems  

E-print Network

in solar power generation, controls, and management as well as in alternate and new energy re- sources1010 STRATEGIC FOCUS: Sustainable Systems Biology doctoral student Tanya Lubansky uses quan and quantitative ecologists. Sustainable Systems in NJIT's Educational Programs Educational offerings

54

Nitrogen leak test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (DOE\\/SPR) Well 102A at Bayou Choctaw  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nitrogen leak test was made of the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Well 102A at Bayou Choctaw in May to June 1982. The test indicated a well leak rate of 32 bbls\\/yr of nitrogen at a pressure of 1844 psia, well within the SPR leak rate criterion of 100 bbls\\/yr. The test was made with a layer of

Goin

1983-01-01

55

The ENERGY STAR® Plant Label: A Valuable Component of Strategic Corporate Energy Management  

E-print Network

ENERGY STAR is the national symbol for energy efficiency and environmental performance recognized by roughly 70% of the American people. In September 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) extend the brand to industrial plants...

Tunnessen, W.

2008-01-01

56

Strategic energy sources and trends of alternative energies in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present dynamic security environment forced organizations or countries to radically restructure their objectives and strategies. In the last years, the European Union energy strategy has been in the process of a profound objectives transformation. The paper deals with the problem of the energy security in the European Union and the role of renewable energies to security supply in the

Mihai Dutu

2009-01-01

57

STRATEGIC ENERGY SOURCES AND TRENDS OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present dynamic security environment forced organizations or countries to radically restructure their objectives and strategies. In the last years, the European Union energy strategy has been in the process of a profound objectives transformation. The paper deals with the problem of the energy security in the European Union and the role of renewable energies to security supply in the

Mihai Dutu

2009-01-01

58

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on Activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. This August 15, 1990, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1990, through June 30, 1990. 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-08-15

59

A Strategic Program Plan for Fusion Energy Sciences Fusion Energy Sciences  

E-print Network

era. The follow- ing are some of the major scientific questions we will answer: · Can we successfully of Science. Answer the key scientific questions and overcome enormous technical challenges to harness of our national energy solution is among the most ambitious scientific and engineering challenges of our

60

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facilities program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this November 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the status of storage facilities, oil acquisition, budget and costs of the Reserve during the period July 1, 1992, through September 30, 1992.

Not Available

1992-11-15

61

Strategic Planning of Communications and Knowledge Transfer for the Solar Energy Technologies Program  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Solar Communications Team is to get the right information to the right people at the right time in the right form at the right cost, and to measure the effectiveness of projects and our strategic communications plan. Our communications efforts in FY 2005 emphasized the following: 1) Reaching the Buildings and Consumer audiences (e.g., Solar Decathlon, International Builders' Show). 2) Developing and distributing critical program documents to key stakeholders (e.g., Solar Program Review Meeting Proceedings, Industry Roadmap, second Multi-Year Program Plan). 3) Conducting a gap analysis of communications products and evaluating their effectiveness. 4) Working with our program management to streamline business processes and improve communications of management expectations. 5) Developing and maintaining content for all Solar Program Web sites that reflect research and program accomplishments. 6) Representing the interests of the Solar Program at strategic events (technical conferences, meetings, workshops, community events).

Pedigo, S.; Nahan, R.; Moon, S.; Gwinner, D.; Zuboy, J.; Brooks, C.; Wilson, T.; Hassett, R.; Burt, W. B.

2005-11-01

62

Strategic Alliances  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information on the "Strategic Alliance to Advance Technological Education through Enhanced Mathematics, Science, Technology, and English Education at the Secondary Level", a partnership of the Rockford Valley Public Schools, Rock Valley College, and Northern Illinois University that sought to motivate and prepare high school students for technical careers in mathematics, science, technology, and English. Site materials include an unabridged version of the Strategic Alliances text, containing all research, evaluation, models, strategies, program content, external evaluator's perspective, and other information. The Supplements section includes curriculum modules for middle and high school students, a list of business participants, and a photo gallery of participants and activities. The Phys-Ma-Tech section includes integrated physics, mathematics, and technology curriculum modules, as well as a complete report on strategies, models, and research. There is also a downloadable version of the CD-ROM of the Strategic Alliances publication.

63

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve program was set into motion by the 1975 Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). By 1990, 590 million barrels of oil had been placed in storage. Salt domes along the Gulf Coast offered ideal storage. Both sweet'' and sour'' crude oil have been acquired using various purchase options. Drawdown, sale, and distribution of the oil would proceed according to guidelines set by EPCA in the event of a severe energy supply disruption. (SM)

Not Available

1991-01-01

64

Yeast Colony Embedding Method  

PubMed Central

Patterning of different cell types in embryos is a key mechanism in metazoan development. Communities of microorganisms, such as colonies and biofilms also display patterns of cell types. For example, in the yeast S. cerevisiae, sporulated cells and pseudohyphal cells are not uniformly distributed in colonies. The functional importance of patterning and the molecular mechanisms that underlie these patterns are still poorly understood. One challenge with respect to investigating patterns of cell types in fungal colonies is that unlike metazoan tissue, cells in colonies are relatively weakly attached to one another. In particular, fungal colonies do not contain the same extensive level of extracellular matrix found in most tissues . Here we report on a method for embedding and sectioning yeast colonies that reveals the interior patterns of cell types in these colonies. The method can be used to prepare thick sections (0.5 ?) useful for light microscopy and thin sections (0.1 ?) suitable for transmission electron microscopy. Asci and pseudohyphal cells can easily be distinguished from ovoid yeast cells by light microscopy , while the interior structure of these cells can be visualized by EM. The method is based on surrounding colonies with agar, infiltrating them with Spurr's medium, and then sectioning. Colonies with a diameter in the range of 1-2 mm are suitable for this protocol. In addition to visualizing the interior of colonies, the method allows visualization of the region of the colony that invades the underlying agar. PMID:21445054

Piccirillo, Sarah; Honigberg, Saul M.

2011-01-01

65

Strategic Energy Planning (Area 1) Consultants Reports to Citizen Potawatomi Nation Federally Recognized Indian Tribe  

SciTech Connect

The assets that Citizen Potawatomi Nation holds were evaluated to help define the strengths and weaknesses to be used in pursuing economic prosperity. With this baseline assessment, a Planning Team will create a vision for the tribe to integrate into long-term energy and business strategies. Identification of energy efficiency devices, systems and technologies was made, and an estimation of cost benefits of the more promising ideas is submitted for possible inclusion into the final energy plan. Multiple energy resources and sources were identified and their attributes were assessed to determine the appropriateness of each. Methods of saving energy were evaluated and reported on and potential revenue-generating sources that specifically fit the tribe were identified and reported. A primary goal is to create long-term energy strategies to explore development of tribal utility options and analyze renewable energy and energy efficiency options. Associated goals are to consider exploring energy efficiency and renewable economic development projects involving the following topics: (1) Home-scale projects may include construction of a home with energy efficiency or renewable energy features and retrofitting an existing home to add energy efficiency or renewable energy features. (2) Community-scale projects may include medium to large scale energy efficiency building construction, retrofit project, or installation of community renewable energy systems. (3) Small business development may include the creation of a tribal enterprise that would manufacture and distribute solar and wind powered equipment for ranches and farms or create a contracting business to include energy efficiency and renewable retrofits such as geothermal heat pumps. (4) Commercial-scale energy projects may include at a larger scale, the formation of a tribal utility formed to sell power to the commercial grid, or to transmit and distribute power throughout the tribal community, or hydrogen production, and propane and natural-gas distribution systems.

Smith, Marvin; Bose, James; Beier, Richard; Chang, Young Bae

2004-12-01

66

Strategic Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

If an organization engages in effective strategic planning—performing an accurate situational assessment, developing a clear\\u000a sense of direction, and achieving consensus on appropriate overall strategies—then it should produce a plan suitable for motivating\\u000a and guiding its actions for at least a few years into the future. Because many variables in the health care field are surrounded\\u000a by uncertainty and defy

Frances J. Jaeger

67

Technology Assessment: Strategic Energy Analysis Center (SEAC) 2012 Highlights (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet lists key analysis products produced by NREL in 2012. Like all NREL analysis products, these aim to increase the understanding of the current and future interactions and roles of energy policies, markets, resources, technologies, environmental impacts, and infrastructure. NREL analysis, data, and tools inform decisions as energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies advance from concept to commercial application.

Not Available

2013-02-01

68

Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

According to amendments to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act the target size of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is increased to 1 billion barrels, storage of oil not owned by the Federal Government is authorized, and the Reserve may be drawn down to alleviate an interruption in domestic supply. Congress appropriated $200.6 million for Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development, operation, and management during FY 1991. During calendar year 1990, 9.8 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. However, this quantity was offset by the sale of 3.9 million barrels during a test sale of the Reserve's oil in the fourth quarter. As of December 31, 1990, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 585.7 million barrels, a net increase of 5.8 million barrels over the 1989 year-end inventory of 579.9 million barrels. The Department has completed all major surface construction at the six SPR facilities, and cavern development is in progress to achieve 750 million barrels of storage by the end of 1991. During 1990, the Department of Energy conducted a test sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil (TEST SALE-90) to demonstrate the Reserve's drawdown and distribution capabilities. The test commenced on September 28, 1990, with the issuance of a Notice of Sale. Offers to purchase the oil were received on October 5, 1990 and contracts were awarded to eleven companies for a total of 3.925 million barrels by October 18, 1990. Deliveries of the oil to the purchasers commenced on October 19, 1990, and all deliveries were completed by December 2, 1990. The report gives details on all of these activities. 8 figs., 11 tabs.

Not Available

1991-02-15

69

EMSL Strategic Plan 2008  

SciTech Connect

This Strategic Plan is EMSL’s template for achieving our vision of simultaneous excellence in all aspects of our mission as a national scientific user facility. It reflects our understanding of the long-term stewardship we must work toward to meet the scientific challenges of the Department of Energy and the nation. During the next decade, we will implement the strategies contained in this Plan, working closely with the scientific community, our advisory committees, DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research, and other key stakeholders. This Strategic Plan is fully aligned with the strategic plans of DOE and its Office of Science. We recognize that shifts in science and technology, national priorities, and resources made available through the Federal budget process create planning uncertainties and, ultimately, a highly dynamic planning environment. Accordingly, this Strategic Plan should be viewed as a living document for which we will continually evaluate changing needs and opportunities posed by our stakeholders (i.e., DOE, users, staff, advisory committees), work closely with them to understand and respond to those changes, and align our strategy accordingly.

Campbell, Allison A.

2008-08-15

70

Strategic Plan January 2010  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan 2010-2013 January 2010 #12;2 2010-2013 CUL/IS Strategic Plan TABLE OF CONTENTS..................................................................................................................................... 24 #12;3 2010-2013 CUL/IS Strategic Plan EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Columbia University Libraries/Information Services (CUL/IS) Strategic Plan for 2010-2013 continues themes addressed in the 2006-2009 Strategic Plan

Lazar, Aurel A.

71

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: United States energy security, oil politics, and petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The history of U.S. petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century, including the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) program, provides a case study of the economic and political aspects of national security, and shows the ways in which the American political economy influences national security. One key problem plagued federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals throughout the twentieth century. In a political economy which traditionally placed strong emphasis upon the sanctity of private property and free markets, could the government develop an emergency petroleum reserve policy despite opposition from the private sector? Previous literature on the SPR and oil-stockpiling programs has largely disregarded the historical perspective, focusing instead upon econometric models, suggesting future oil-stockpiling policy options. This study will also make conclusions about the future of governmental oil-stockpiling policies, particularly with regard to the SPR program, but it will do so informed by a systematic history of the emergency petroleum reserve impulse in the twentieth century. Through a study of the emergency petroleum reserve impulse, one can see how the American political economy of oil and energy changed over the twentieth century. As petroleum became crucial to the military and then economic security of the United States, the federal government sought to develop emergency petroleum reserves first for the military, then for the civilian economy. But while the American petroleum industry could deliver the energy "goods" to American energy consumers at a reasonable price, the companies reigned supreme in the political equation. While that was true, federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals conflicted with and were overwhelmed by the historic American tradition of individual economic and private property rights. The depletion of American petroleum reserves changed that political equation, and the ensuing energy crises of the 1970s not only brought the issue of national energy autonomy into the realm of national security considerations, but also allowed for an unprecedented level of government intervention into the marketplace of oil and energy in peacetime. The federal government assumed the role of protecting and serving the interests of energy consumers, a role which had previously been the sole purview of the private sector. What resulted was a complex, chaotic, and controversial regulatory nightmare that highlighted the deficiencies of micro-management, and stoked the political momentum for deregulation in the 1980s, which continued into the 1990s. Gradually, government micro-management of the energy economy was abandoned. That left the SPR, a passive, market-conforming policy tool as the government's primary mechanism for combating energy crises. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Beaubouef, Bruce Andre

72

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. This May 15, 1990, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1990 through March 31, 1990. 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-05-15

73

Strategic Industrial Energy Efficiency: Reduce Expenses, Build Revenues, and Control Risk  

E-print Network

of price and quantity purchased. That this perception endures in industrial practice may be explained (but certainly not justified) by the following (see Table 1): Table 1: PROS AND CONS OF PRICE-FOCUSED ENERGY COST REDUCTION STRATEGIES PRO CON...

Russell, C.

2004-01-01

74

The energy-water-food nexus: strategic analysis of technologies for transforming the urban metabolism.  

PubMed

Urban areas are considered net consumers of materials and energy, attracting these from the surrounding hinterland and other parts of the planet. The way these flows are transformed and returned to the environment by the city is important for addressing questions of sustainability and the effect of human behavior on the metabolism of the city. The present work explores these questions with the use of systems analysis, specifically in the form of a Multi-sectoral Systems Analysis (MSA), a tool for research and for supporting decision-making for policy and investment. The application of MSA is illustrated in the context of Greater London, with these three objectives: (a) estimating resource fluxes (nutrients, water and energy) entering, leaving and circulating within the city-watershed system; (b) revealing the synergies and antagonisms resulting from various combinations of water-sector innovations; and (c) estimating the economic benefits associated with implementing these technologies, from the point of view of production of fertilizer and energy, and the reduction of greenhouse gases. Results show that the selection of the best technological innovation depends on which resource is the focus for improvement. Urine separation can potentially recover 47% of the nitrogen in the food consumed in London, with revenue of $33 M per annum from fertilizer production. Collecting food waste in sewers together with growing algae in wastewater treatment plants could beneficially increase the amount of carbon release from renewable energy by 66%, with potential annual revenues of $58 M from fuel production. PMID:24768840

Villarroel Walker, R; Beck, M B; Hall, J W; Dawson, R J; Heidrich, O

2014-08-01

75

A Strategic Study of Energy Efficient and Hybrid Energy System Options for a Multi-family Building in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is to identify performance of energy efficiency measures and to match low-carbon and renewable energy (RE) systems supplies to demands in the context of multi-family residential buildings in Korea. An approach to the evaluation of the hybrid energy systems was investigated, including consideration of heat and power demand profiles, energy system combinations, building design options and strategies for

J. Clarke; J. Hong; J. Kim; P. Strachan; I. Hwang; H. Lee

76

Strategic Planning: What's so Strategic about It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The words "strategic" and "planning" used together can lead to confusion unless one spent the early years of his career in never-ending, team-oriented, corporate training sessions. Doesn't "strategic" have something to do with extremely accurate bombing or a defensive missile system or Star Wars or something? Don't "strategic" and "planning" both…

Strong, Bart

2005-01-01

77

Policing native pleasures: a colonial history.  

PubMed

The moral modality of colonial power is still with us when it comes to the recreation of sexual norms of traditional or feudal society. We can examine the emergent properties of colonial knowledge anew by exploring how the colonial regime's strategic attention of regulating brothels in India differed from the analytic of power Foucault described for sexuality in European society. It turns out that amongst other things, public anxieties about the failure of adaptation by South Asians are incapable of leaving sexuality aside as a key interpretive device for their culture. The British preoccupation with reproducing the dynamics of the bourgeois matrimonial market on foreign soil in the mid-nineteenth century similarly necessitated a sociological pretext for racial purity. However, the kind of knowledge a typical traveller and employee of the East India Company brought to the Victorian public from his own researches in the brothels and streets of colonial India, which revealed how popular prostitution was as a vice amongst the officer class, was also more than a welcome imaginary relief from Christian morality; it was an alternative vision of modernity. PMID:23240839

Jabbar, Naheem

2012-12-01

78

Murre Colony, Inset Detail  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This inset of the associated murre colony photo shows evidence of nesting and chick-feeding in a California common murre colony on Prince Island off San Miguel Island off Southern California. Ecologists Josh Adams and Jonathan Felis of the USGS Western Ecological Research Center shot this and other ...

79

Social Studies; Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in grades seven through nine will examine and analyze the political organization, social structure, economic life, and values of the American Colonial period in this quinmester arranged American Studies course. Since the thirteen English Colonies effected the United States development, many of our nations foundations in government,…

Hanson, Paul S.

80

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) Public Law 94-163, approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disroptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facilities program for the 750 minion barrels was completed in 1991, this August 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1992, through June 30, 1992.

Not Available

1992-08-15

81

Strategic planning at the national level: Evaluating and ranking energy projects by environmental impact  

SciTech Connect

A method for evaluating and ranking energy alternatives based on impact upon the natural environment and cultural heritage was developed as part of the first phase of an Icelandic framework plan for the use of hydropower and geothermal energy. The three step procedure involved assessing i) site values and ii) development impacts within a multi-criteria analysis, and iii) ranking the alternatives from worst to best choice from an environmental-cultural heritage point of view. The natural environment was treated as four main classes (landscape + wilderness, geology + hydrology, species, and ecosystem/habitat types + soils), while cultural heritage constituted one class. Values and impacts were assessed within a common matrix with 6 agglomerated attributes: 1) diversity, richness, 2) rarity, 3) size (area), completeness, pristineness, 4) information (epistemological, typological, scientific and educational) and symbolic value, 5) international responsibility, and 6) scenic value. Standardized attribute scores were used to derive total class scores whose weighted sums yielded total site value and total impact. The final output was a one-dimensional ranking obtained by Analytical Hierarchical Process considering total predicted impacts, total site values, risks and uncertainties as well as special site values. The value/impact matrix is compact (31 cell scores) but was considered to be of sufficient resolution and has the advantage of facilitating overview and communication of the methods and results. The classes varied widely in the extent to which value assessments could be based on established scientific procedures and the project highlighted the immense advantage of an internationally accepted frame of reference, first for establishing the theoretical and scientific foundation, second as a tool for evaluation, and third for allowing a global perspective.

Thorhallsdottir, Thora Ellen [Institute of Biology, Department of Biology, Askja Natural Sciences Building, Sturlugata 7, 104 Reykjavik (Iceland)]. E-mail: theth@hi.is

2007-08-15

82

Strategic petroleum reserve annual report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94- 163), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual reports to the President and the Congress on activities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). This report describes activities for the year ending December 31, 1995.

NONE

1996-02-15

83

Creating Reliable Data and Reporting to Support Strategic Energy Management at Corning Incorporated  

E-print Network

of Site Monthly Report 0 30 60 90 120 150 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 G W h e Usage (yearly) May 12, 2014 0,0 2,5 5,0 7,5 10,0 12,5 J a n - 1 2 F e b - 1 2 M a r - 1 2 A p r - 1 2 M a y - 1 2 J u n - 1 2 J u l - 1 2 A u g - 1 2 S e p - 1 2 O c t - 1 2 N... of Site Energy Intensity Report Compare Similar Site and Division Average 0,000 0,025 0,050 0,075 0,100 0,125 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 k W h e / U o S P Usage (yearly) May 12, 2014 0,000 0,025 0,050 0,075 0,100 0,125 J a n - 1 2 F e b - 1 2 M a r...

Garforth, P.

2014-01-01

84

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: United States energy security, oil politics, and petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of U.S. petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century, including the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) program, provides a case study of the economic and political aspects of national security, and shows the ways in which the American political economy influences national security. One key problem plagued federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals throughout the twentieth century. In a

Bruce Andre Beaubouef

1997-01-01

85

U.S. Department of Energy Chemical and Biological National Security Program Strategic Plan [FY00 - FY04  

SciTech Connect

This five-year strategic plan supports the mission of the DOE Chemical and Biological National Security Program to develop, demonstrate and deliver technologies and systems that will lead to major improvements in the U.S capability to prepare for and respond to chemical or biological attacks.

NONE

2000-04-01

86

Growth of Bacterial Colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On hard agar gel, there is insufficient surface hydration for bacteria to swim or swarm. Instead, growth occurs in colonies of close-packed cells, which expand purely due to repulsive interactions: individual bacteria push each other out of the way through the force of their growth. In this way, bacterial colonies represent a new type of ``active'' granular matter. In this study, we investigate the physical, biochemical, and genetic elements that determine the static and dynamic aspects of this mode of bacterial growth for E. coli. We characterize the process of colony expansion empirically, and use discrete and continuum models to examine the extent to which our observations can be explained by the growth characteristics of non-communicating cells, coupled together by physical forces, nutrients, and waste products. Our results challenge the commonly accepted modes of bacterial colony growth and provide insight into sources of growth limitation in crowded bacterial communities.

Warren, Mya; Hwa, Terence

2013-03-01

87

Explore Colonial Boston  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Explore the town of Boston and its natural and human-made features in colonial times in this interactive activity produced by WGBH and featuring materials from the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2012-06-30

88

Strategic Research Orientation `NanoMaterials for Energy' 1 Energy projects within MESA+ research groups, February 2013  

E-print Network

with Si membranes as light-harvesting units MCS / MnF Rick Elbersen Han Guido Mul Solar Cells Studying manufacturing techniques for organic Piezoelectrics Piezoelectric thin films for NEMS/MEMS energy harvesting devices

Twente, Universiteit

89

The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

CINT 2020 The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Strategic Plan LA-UR-14-25788 #12;CINT 2020: Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Strategic Plan i CINT Mission The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) is a Department of Energy, Office of Science Nanoscale Science Research Center, operating

90

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163). Its purposes are to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the third quarter of calendar year 1995, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve; current storage capacity and ullage available; current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities, major projects and the acquisition of petroleum products; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

NONE

1995-11-15

91

Ant colony optimization as a method for strategic genotype sampling.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A simulation study was carried out to develop an alternative method of selecting animals to be genotyped. Simulated pedigrees included 5000 animals, each assigned genotypes for a bi-allelic single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) based on assumed allelic frequencies of 0.7/ 0.3 and 0.5/0.5. In addition...

92

1995-1996 Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

In a rapidly changing world, effective governmental organizations must anticipate and plan for the future. Nowhere is this more true than in the realm of information generation and dissemination. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) faces a future of great opportunity and also significant challenge. Technological advances are providing opportunities to improve our work processes and the way we serve our customers. This year`s Strategic Plan was developed by an EIA Strategic Planning Group with a membership that spans the entire organization. The Strategic Plan provides both a broad vision and a clear map of EIA`s near-term future. The Strategic Planning Group conducted an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of EIA as an organization, and of the opportunities and constraints facing EIA in the future. Opportunities exist in the future in technological advances and staff training; constraints lie in federal budget trends and staff demographics. This will require a Strategic Plan that recognizes the need to prioritize services and products across EIA, standardize technology across EIA where possible, lead with fewer layers of management, and be acutely aware of customer needs. Developing and training EIA employees to meet the challenges of rapidly changing technology and decreasing budgets were given high priority.

NONE

1995-09-01

93

Strategic and Administrative  

E-print Network

Services Physical and Personnel Security Administration Financial Management S&E Financial ManagementStrategic and Administrative Management Julie Scanlon, Associate Director Human Capital Strategic Navarro Associate Director for Facilities Office of Planning and Project Management Debra Nauta

Mathis, Wayne N.

94

Strategic and Administrative  

E-print Network

Strategic and Administrative Management Julie Scanlon, Associate Director Human Capital Strategic Aquiles Navarro Associate Director for Facilities Office of Planning and Project Management Debra Nauta of Safety Health and Environmental Management Roger Yankoupe, Director Office of Protection Services William

Mathis, Wayne N.

95

Strategic Plan Environmental Assessment  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan Environmental Assessment 2009 Clinical Center National Institutes of Health U Institutes of Health Strategic Plan ­ Environmental Assessment 2009 Contents Executive Summary environmental assessment to determine Clinical Center strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats

96

NASA Strategic Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aforementioned strategic decisions and the overarching direction for America's aeronautics and space program are addressed in the Strategic Plan. Our Strategic Plan is critical to our ability to meet the challenges of this new era and deliver a vibrant aeronautics and space program that strengthens and inspires the Nation. The Plan is our top-level strategy.

1996-01-01

97

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2012-01-01

98

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2010-01-01

99

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2013-01-01

100

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2011-01-01

101

10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, special nuclear material of low strategic significance...fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...

2014-01-01

102

A methodological approach to strategic petroleum reserves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy constitutes a small fraction of the production inputs in the economy, yet the rigidity imposed by the short and medium term inability to substitute energy with other production factors in case of an energy shortage, requires the establishment of safeguard mechanisms to ensure sufficient energy supply during an emergency. These safeguards usually take the form of strategic energy reserves.

JE Samouilidis; SA Berahas

1982-01-01

103

Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR's offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR's crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

Not Available

1992-02-17

104

Ant Colony Optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT IN THIS PAPER, WE STUDY THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TWO TECHNIQUES KNOWN AS ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION (ACO) AND STOCHASTIC GRADIENT DESCENT. MORE PRECISELY, WE SHOW THAT SOME EMPIRICAL ACO ALGORITHMS APPROXIMATE STOCHASTIC GRADIENT DESCENT IN THE SPACE OF PHEROMONES, AND WE PROPOSE AN IMPLEMENTATION OF STOCHASTIC GRADIENT DESCENT THAT BELONGS TO THE FAM-ILY OF ACO ALGORITHMS. WE THEN USE

Marco Dorigo; Mauro Birattari

2010-01-01

105

Ant Colony Optimization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ant Colony Optimization project uses the behavior of ants as a model to solve optimization problems, such as how to minimize Internet traffic congestion. Several downloadable research papers are included on the project's homepage, as well as links to news stories, radio broadcasts, and conference proceedings about ant algorithms.

Dorigo, Marco

2008-01-04

106

Colonial American Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While a foundation of German scientific methods enabled the rapid growth of North American Astronomy in the nineteenth century, during the seventeenth and most of the eighteenth centuries, the colonial men of science looked only to the English mother country for scientific patronage and guidance. An essay on fundamental astronomy appeared in one of the annual colonial almanacs as early as 1656, telescopic observations were made about 1660 and the first original colonial astronomical work was published by Thomas Danforth on the comet of 1664. By 1671 the Copernican ideas were so espoused at Harvard College that a physics class refused to read a Ptolemaic textbook when it was assigned to them by a senior instructor. At least in the Cambridge-Boston area, contemporary colonialist had access to the most recent scientific publications from the mother country. Observations of the great comet of 1680 by the Almanac maker, John Foster, reached Isaac Newton and were used and gratefully acknowledged in his Principia. During the seventeenth century the colonial interest in astronomy was more intense than it was for other sciences but colonists still occupied a position in the scientific backwater when compared with contemporary European scientists. Nevertheless, the science of astronomy was successfully transplanted from England to North America in the seventeenth century.

Yeomans, Donald K.

2007-12-01

107

Strategic Analysis Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA s Constellation Program employs a strategic analysis methodology in providing an integrated analysis capability of Lunar exploration scenarios and to support strategic decision-making regarding those scenarios. The strategic analysis methodology integrates the assessment of the major contributors to strategic objective satisfaction performance, affordability, and risk and captures the linkages and feedbacks between all three components. Strategic analysis supports strategic decision making by senior management through comparable analysis of alternative strategies, provision of a consistent set of high level value metrics, and the enabling of cost-benefit analysis. The tools developed to implement the strategic analysis methodology are not element design and sizing tools. Rather, these models evaluate strategic performance using predefined elements, imported into a library from expert-driven design/sizing tools or expert analysis. Specific components of the strategic analysis tool set include scenario definition, requirements generation, mission manifesting, scenario lifecycle costing, crew time analysis, objective satisfaction benefit, risk analysis, and probabilistic evaluation. Results from all components of strategic analysis are evaluated a set of pre-defined figures of merit (FOMs). These FOMs capture the high-level strategic characteristics of all scenarios and facilitate direct comparison of options. The strategic analysis methodology that is described in this paper has previously been applied to the Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs and is now being used to support the development of the baseline Constellation Program lunar architecture. This paper will present an overview of the strategic analysis methodology and will present sample results from the application of the strategic analysis methodology to the Constellation Program lunar architecture.

Cirillo, William M.; Earle, Kevin D.; Goodliff, Kandyce E.; Reeves, J. D.; Stromgren, Chel; Andraschko, Mark R.; Merrill, R. Gabe

2008-01-01

108

Strategic use of the underground for an energy mix plan, synergies among CO2 and CH4 Geological Storage and Geothermal Energy: Italian Energy review and Latium case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the world-wide energy demand has been growing so much in the last years, it is necessary to develop a strategic mix-energy plan to supply low GHG (GreenHouseGas) emissions energy and solve the problem of CO2 emission increasing. A recent study published by European Commission shows that, if existing trends continue, by 2050 CO2 emissions will be unsustainably high: 900-1000 parts per million by volume. The European Commission in 2007 underline the necessity to elaborate, at European level, a Strategic Energy Technology Plan focused on non-carbon or reduced-carbon sources of energy, as renewable energies, CO2 capture and storage technologies, smart energy networks and energy efficiency and savings. Future scenarios for 2030 elaborated by the International Energy Agency (IEA) shows as a mix energy plan could reduce the global CO2 emissions from 27Gt to 23 Gt (about 15%). A strategic use of the underground in terms of: - development of CCS (Carbon dioxide Capture and Storage) associated to fossil fuel combustion; - increase of CH4 geological storage sites; - use of renewable energies as geothermic for power generation; could open a new energy scenario, according to the climate models published by IPCC. Nowadays CCS market is mainly developed in USA and Canada, but still not much accounted in Europe. In Italy there aren't active CCS projects, even if potential areas have been already identified. Many CH4 storage sites are located in Northern America, while other are present in Europe and Italy, but the number of sites is limited despite the huge underground potentiality. In Italy the power generation from geothermal energy comes exclusively from Tuscany (Larderello-Travale and Mt. Amiata geothermal fields) despite the huge potentiality of other regions as Latium, Campania and Sicily (Central and South Italy). The energy deficit and the relevant CO2 emissions represent a common status for many Italian regions, especially for the Latium Region. This suggests that a new energy plan to improve the efficiency and the environmental sustainability is necessary. The evaluations of potential areas suitable for CO2 and/or CH4 geological storage and geothermal energy in the Latium region, have been done through a revisiting of public data such as well composite logs and maps. For the selection has been taken in account too, exclusion criteria sites as well as presence of geological risks and natural protected areas. Then the storage capacity and geothermal potentiality have been estimated for the selected areas. Finally, considering the hypothesized energy mix plan, an evaluation of the potential CO2 emissions decrease has been done. Preliminary results are encouraging to extent this evaluation also in other regions to improve a National Energy Plan.

Procesi, M.; Cantucci, B.; Buttinelli, M.; Armezzani, G.; Quattrocchi, F.

2012-04-01

109

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

During 1992 the Department continued planning activities for the expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to one billion barrels. A draft Environmental Impact Statement for the five candidate sites was completed in October 1992, and a series of public hearings was held during December 1992. Conceptual design engineering activities, life cycle cost estimates and geotechnical studies to support the technical requirements for an Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan Amendment were essentially completed in December 1992. At the end of 1992, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 574.7 million barrels and an additional 1.7 million barrels was in transit to the Reserve. During 1992 approximately 6.2 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Reserve. A Department of Energy Tiger Team Environmental, Safety and Health (ES&H) Assessment was conducted at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve from March 9 through April 10, 1992. In general, the Tiger Team found that Strategic Petroleum Reserve activities do not pose undue environmental, safety or health risks. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve`s Final Corrective Action Plan, prepared in response to the Tiger Team assessment, was submitted for Department approval in December 1992. On November 18, 1992, the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy selected DynMcDennott Petroleum Operations Company to provide management and operating services for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve for a period of 5 years commencing April 1, 1993. DynMcDermott will succeed Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc.

Not Available

1993-02-16

110

Efficient Division and Sampling of Cell Colonies Using Microcup Arrays  

PubMed Central

A microengineered array to sample clonal colonies is described. The cells were cultured on an array of individually releasable elements until the colonies expanded to cover multiple elements. Single elements were released using a laser-based system and collected to sample cells from individual colonies. A greater than an 85% rate in splitting and collecting colonies was achieved using a 3-dimensional cup-like design or “microcup”. Surface modification using patterned titanium deposition of the glass substrate improved the stability of microcup adhesion to the glass while enabling minimization of the laser energy for splitting the colonies. Smaller microcup dimensions and slotting the microcup walls reduced the time needed for colonies to expand into multiple microcups. The stem cell colony retained on the array and the collected fraction within released microcups remained undifferentiated and viable. The colony samples were characterized by both reporter gene expression and a destructive assay (PCR) to identify target colonies. The platform is envisioned as a means to rapidly establish cell lines using a destructive assay to identify desired clones. PMID:23099535

Pai, Jeng-Hao; Kluckman, Kimberly; Cowley, Dale O.; Bortner, Donna M.; Sims, Christopher E.; Allbritton, Nancy L.; Allbritton, Nancy L.

2012-01-01

111

Images of Colonialism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The history of colonialism is a compelling one, and it can be narrated through first-hand documents such as journals, drawings, or photographs. This particular digital collection from the Harvard College Library contains more than 700 images which offer insight into European perspectives on how popular perceptions of Asia and Africa were created and disseminated. The collection is primarily made up of late-19th and early-20th century trade cards and illustrated European newspapers. Visitors can use the collection to draw contrasts between colonial powers, such as the French, the British and the Dutch. First-time visitors will want to dive right into the collection, and the image viewer offered here allows visitors to zoom in for a closer look. While all of the items here are quite worthy, users shouldn't miss the cards created for the Liebig's Extract of Meat Company or the views of Bangkok.

112

Growing yeast into cylindrical colonies.  

PubMed

Microorganisms often form complex multicellular assemblies such as biofilms and colonies. Understanding the interplay between assembly expansion, metabolic yield, and nutrient diffusion within a freely growing colony remains a challenge. Most available data on microorganisms are from planktonic cultures, due to the lack of experimental tools to control the growth of multicellular assemblies. Here, we propose a method to constrain the growth of yeast colonies into simple geometric shapes such as cylinders. To this end, we designed a simple, versatile culture system to control the location of nutrient delivery below a growing colony. Under such culture conditions, yeast colonies grow vertically and only at the locations where nutrients are delivered. Colonies increase in height at a steady growth rate that is inversely proportional to the cylinder radius. We show that the vertical growth rate of cylindrical colonies is not defined by the single-cell division rate, but rather by the colony metabolic yield. This contrasts with cells in liquid culture, in which the single-cell division rate is the only parameter that defines the population growth rate. This method also provides a direct, simple method to estimate the metabolic yield of a colony. Our study further demonstrates the importance of the shape of colonies on setting their expansion. We anticipate that our approach will be a starting point for elaborate studies of the population dynamics, evolution, and ecology of microbial colonies in complex landscapes. PMID:24853750

Vulin, Clément; Di Meglio, Jean-Marc; Lindner, Ariel B; Daerr, Adrian; Murray, Andrew; Hersen, Pascal

2014-05-20

113

Colony image acquisition and genetic segmentation algorithm and colony analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Colony anaysis is used in a large number of engineerings such as food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing. In order to reduce laboring and increase analysis acuracy, many researchers and developers have made efforts for image analysis systems. The main problems in the systems are image acquisition, image segmentation and image analysis. In this paper, to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed. In the box, the distances between lights and dishe, camra lens and lights, and camera lens and dishe are adjusted optimally. In image segmentation, It is based on a genetic approach that allow one to consider the segmentation problem as a global optimization,. After image pre-processing and image segmentation, the colony analyses are perfomed. The colony image analysis consists of (1) basic colony parameter measurements; (2) colony size analysis; (3) colony shape analysis; and (4) colony surface measurements. All the above visual colony parameters can be selected and combined together, used to make a new engineeing parameters. The colony analysis can be applied into different applications.

Wang, W. X.

2012-01-01

114

Mining Spatial Trends by a Colony of Cooperative Ant Agents Ashkan Zarnani  

E-print Network

Mining Spatial Trends by a Colony of Cooperative Ant Agents Ashkan Zarnani Masoud Rahgozar Abstract the highly demanding field of spatial data mining. So far many optimization problems have been better solved and retailing. These are valuable mines of knowledge vital for strategic decision making and motivate the highly

Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

115

The Strategic Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To add a foundation to the growing excitement among educators about the central role they play in helping learners become strategic readers, the articles in this thematic journal provide insight into current reading theory and practice. Richard Telfer's article reviews research on strategic reading and clarifies what is meant by the phrase…

Devine, James T., Ed.; And Others

1986-01-01

116

Manage "Human Capital" Strategically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To strategically manage human capital in education means restructuring the entire human resource system so that schools not only recruit and retain smart and capable individuals, but also manage them in ways that support the strategic directions of the organization. These management practices must be aligned with a district's education improvement…

Odden, Allan

2011-01-01

117

Strategic Investments Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation provides an overview of the organizational hierarchy for strategic management and strategic investments at NASA. The presentation also relates these topics to the budgets it submits to Congress, strategies for space exploration research and development, and systems analysis.

Comstock, Doug

2004-01-01

118

The PVCC Strategic Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents Piedmont Virginia Community College's (PVCC's) strategic plan. Contains the following chapters: (1) introduction; (2) statement of mission; (3) summary of the college's strategic initiatives: funding, organization, faculty and staff, curriculum and instruction, enrollment management, students and student services, facilities, technology,…

Piedmont Virginia Community Coll., Charlottesville, VA.

119

Strategic Risk Assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation provides an overview of the attempt to develop and demonstrate a methodology for the comparative assessment of risks across the entire portfolio of NASA projects and assets. It includes information about strategic risk identification, normalizing strategic risks, calculation of relative risk score, and implementation options.

Derleth, Jason; Lobia, Marcus

2009-01-01

120

Strategic Initiatives and Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines Howard Community College's (HCC) six strategic initiatives and goals. Each of the strategic initiatives is presented, along with a context for the statement and a list of goals to be achieved in support of the overall initiative. First, HCC will be a learning community that provides possibilities for learning that address…

Howard Community Coll., Columbia, MD.

121

Strategic roles of manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The challenges facing industrial enterprises include coping with an increased distribution of activities and the related need to deal with task interdependencies, as well as coping with uncertainty and complexity. This opens for a discussion of current thinking and practices of manufacturing and its strategic role. The aim of the paper is to explore future changes in strategic

Jens O. Riis; John Johansen; Brian Vejrum Waehrens; Linda Englyst

2007-01-01

122

Strategic Leadership in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic leadership is built upon traits and actions that encompass the successful execution of all leadership styles. In a world that is rapidly changing, strategic leadership in schools guides school leader through assuring constant improvement process by anticipating future trends and planning for them and noting that plans must be flexible to…

Williams, Henry S.; Johnson, Teryl L.

2013-01-01

123

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General report on inspection of analytical laboratories oversight at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy`s (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy has overall programmatic responsibility for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The SPR Project Management Office (SPRPMO), located in New Orleans, Louisiana, and under the direction of the Project Manager, manages day-to-day project activities. The SPR currently has five underground crude oil storage facilities, and one marine terminal, on or near the Gulf Coasts of Texas and Louisiana. The purpose of this inspection was to review oversight of M and O and subcontractor laboratories performing analyses on samples taken for SPR environmental compliance and oil quality purposes. During this inspection, the M and O contractor operated on-site environmental laboratories at four of the SPR storage facilities, and oil quality laboratories at two of the facilities. The number of subcontractor laboratories varies depending on the need for analytical support. The objective of this inspection was to determine if the SPRPMO had implemented management systems to provide adequate oversight of M and O contractor analytical laboratory activities, as well as to ensure effective oversight of subcontractor analytical laboratories.

NONE

1995-07-26

124

Fever in honeybee colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Honeybees, Apis spp., maintain elevated temperatures inside their nests to accelerate brood development and to facilitate defense against predators. We present an additional defensive function of elevating nest temperature: honeybees generate a brood-comb fever in response to colonial infection by the heat-sensitive pathogen Ascosphaera apis. This response occurs before larvae are killed, suggesting that either honeybee workers detect the infection before symptoms are visible, or that larvae communicate the ingestion of the pathogen. This response is a striking example of convergent evolution between this "superorganism" and other fever-producing animals.

Starks, P. T.; Blackie, Caroline A.; Seeley, Thomas D.

125

The Colony of Jamestown  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learn who came over to Jamestown and why they came in the first place! First watch a video about why people came to the Americas: A video that explains why people came to the Americas in the first place Then once they got there, lets find out who was in Jamestown (click on Jamestown on the left hand side): Early American colonization Make sure you read up about the history of Jamestown: History of Jamestown and if thats confusion for you, here's another video: Video about the colony of Jamestown Once ...

Ms. Shaul

2009-06-10

126

[Psychiatry in colonial Mexico].  

PubMed

This article describes the knowledges, descriptions and treatments of the mental illnesses by the physicians of the Colonial Mexico (XVI to XIX Centuries). In the first part we can appreciate the spanish ascendancy in the XVI century; in the second one the influence in our country of the Malleus Maleficarum and in the third one the renovation of the Mexican medicine who tries to be part of the universal movement, although in this case, the universe is practically France in the XVIII century and the beginning of the XIX. PMID:7484189

Calderón Narváez, G

1994-12-01

127

Strategic petroleum reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of our most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur and a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975, (Public Law 94-163) as amended, to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the first quarter of calendar year 1994, including: (1) inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; (2) fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; (3) average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; (4) current and projected storage capacity; (5) analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; (6) funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and (7) major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1994-05-15

128

Strategic petroleum reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve reduces the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument and an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163). Its purposes are to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1995, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve; current and projected storage capacity, analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

NONE

1995-08-15

129

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual report  

SciTech Connect

During 1980, the significant events for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program (SPR) included the resumption of oil acquisition, the completion of Phase I facilities, oil withdrawal testing, and commencement of Phase II leaching. The report includes the following contents: introduction and program background; SPR plan and amendments; status of the strategic petroleum reserve which includes program definition, organization, site development, program and project management, budget and cost, real estate, environmental compliance, and permits, and crude oil logistics, distribution, and inventory; drawdown system and vulnerability impact; energy security act implementation; SPR relations with state and local governments; and appendices - SPR site status of Bayou Choctaw, Weeks Island, Bryan Mound, Sulphur Mines, West Hackberry, and St. James Terminal.

Not Available

1981-02-16

130

Colony image acquisition and segmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For counting of both colonies and plaques, there is a large number of applications including food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing, AMES testing, pharmaceuticals, paints, sterile fluids and fungal contamination. Recently, many researchers and developers have made efforts for this kind of systems. By investigation, some existing systems have some problems. The main problems are image acquisition and image segmentation. In order to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed as: the box includes front lightning and back lightning, which can be selected by users based on properties of colony dishes. With the illumination box, lightning can be uniform; colony dish can be put in the same place every time, which make image processing easy. The developed colony image segmentation algorithm consists of the sub-algorithms: (1) image classification; (2) image processing; and (3) colony delineation. The colony delineation algorithm main contain: the procedures based on grey level similarity, on boundary tracing, on shape information and colony excluding. In addition, a number of algorithms are developed for colony analysis. The system has been tested and satisfactory.

Wang, W. X.

2007-12-01

131

Strategic Petrolem Reserve: Annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

In August 1986 the President reaffirmed the Administration's strong support for development of a 750 million-barrel Strategic Petroleum Reserve and committed the Administration to filling the Reserve throughout fiscal year 1987. During 1986, a number of bills related to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were enacted. As of December 31, 1986, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 511.6 million barrels of crude oil, an increase of 18.3 million barrels over the 1985 year end inventory of 493.3 million barrels. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was filled at an average fill rate of 51,430 barrels per day during 1986. During the calendar year 1986, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve increased its crude oil storage capability from 509.4 million barrels to 550.7 million barrels, adding approximately 27.4 million barrels of new storage capacity at the Bryan Mound storage site and 13.9 million barrels at the West Hackberry storage site. As required by the Energy Policy and Conservation Amendments Act of 1985, enacted July 2, 1985, the Department of Energy conducted a test sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil between November 18, 1985 and January 31, 1986, to test the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's drawdown and distribution capabilities. In addition to the test sale, three subsequent tests of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's physical drawdown capabilities were conducted. Substantial progress was made in distribution enhancement program during 1986, with the construction of a 46-mile oil distribution pipeline from Bryan Mound to the ARCO common carrier pipeline system at Texas City, TX. 9 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1987-02-01

132

The Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis is operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy's  

E-print Network

and the Transformation of the U.S. Energy Sector: Electricity Jeffrey Logan, Garvin Heath, and Jordan Macknick National and the Transformation of the U.S. Energy Sector: Electricity Jeffrey Logan, Garvin Heath, and Jordan Macknick National on paper containing at least 50% wastepaper, including 10% post consumer waste. #12;iii About JISEA

133

[Chaotic artificial bee colony algorithm: a new approach to the problem of minimization of energy of the 3D protein structure].  

PubMed

Frediction of the three-dimensional structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence can be considered as a global optimization problem. In this paper, the Chaotic Artificial Bee Colony (CABC) algorithm was introduced and applied to 3D protein structure prediction. Based on the 3D off-lattice AB model, the CABC algorithm combines global search and local search of the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm with the Chaotic search algorithm to avoid the problem of premature convergence and easily trapping the local optimum solution. The experiments carried out with the popular Fibonacci sequences demonstrate that the proposed algorithm provides an effective and high-performance method for protein structure prediction. PMID:25509864

Wang, Y; Guo, G D; Chen, L F

2013-01-01

134

Strategic Plan. Volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this document is to present the strategic plan and associated organizational structure that the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) will utilize to achieve the defined mission and objectives provided by NASA. Much of the information regarding the background and establishment of the NSBRI by NASA has been provided in other documentation and will not be repeated in this Strategic Plan. This Strategic Plan is presented in two volumes. Volume I (this volume) begins with an Introduction (Section 2) that provides the Institute's NASA-defined mission and objectives, and the organizational structure adopted to implement these through three Strategic Programs: Countermeasure Research; Education, Training and Outreach; and Cooperative Research and Development. These programs are described in Sections 3 to 5. Each program is presented in a similar way, using four subsections: Goals and Objectives; Current Strategies; Gaps and Modifications; and Resource Requirements. Section 6 provides the administrative infrastructure and total budget required to implement the Strategic Programs and assures that they form a single cohesive plan. This plan will ensure continued success of the Institute for the next five years. Volume II of the Strategic Plan provides an in-depth analysis of the current and future strategic programs of the 12 current NSBRI teams, including their goals, objectives, mutual interactions and schedules.

2002-01-01

135

Carlsbad Area Office strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Carlsbad Area Office Strategic Plan captures the U.S. Department of Energy`s new focus, and supercedes the edition issued previously in 1995. This revision reflects a revised strategy designed to demonstrate compliance with environmental regulations earlier than the previous course of action; and a focus on the selected combination of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives, and waste acceptance criteria for supporting the compliance applications. An overview of operations and historical aspects of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico is presented.

NONE

1995-10-01

136

Post-Colonial Theory and Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay explores connections between post-colonial theory and action research. Post-colonial theory is committed to addressing the plague of colonialism. Action research, at its core, promises to problematize uncontested "colonial" hegemonies of any form. Both post-colonial theory and action research engage dialogic, critically reflective and…

Parsons, Jim B.; Harding, Kelly J.

2011-01-01

137

STRATNET: Strategic Studies Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Calgary's Strategic Studies Program developed STRATNET to provide a network of research resources germane to the study of international relations, security, and politics. STRATNET includes three main sections: StratChat, an interactive discussion forum; StratLink, a well-organized collection of hundreds of annotated strategic studies pointers; and StratJournal, which contains a multidisciplinary online journal entitled STRATNET. In addition, the site provides information about the fellows and the outreach projects of the Strategic Studies Program at the University of Calgary.

138

Strategic Plan College of Dentistry  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY Strategic Plan College of Dentistry The Ohio State University 2011-2016 #12 Openness and Trust #12;Strategic Plan College of Dentistry Page ii Table of Contents Letter from the Dean #12;Strategic Plan College of Dentistry Page iii #12;Strategic Plan College of Dentistry Page 1 Letter

139

Ant Colony Optimization From Scholarpedia  

E-print Network

Ant Colony Optimization From Scholarpedia From Scholarpedia, the free peer-reviewed encyclopedia p.18620 Curator: Marco Dorigo, IRIDIA, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium Ant colony to difficult optimization problems. In ACO, a set of software agents called artificial ants search for good

Libre de Bruxelles, Université

140

Colony Variation in Staphylococcus lugdunensis  

PubMed Central

Staphylococcus lugdunensis is being increasingly reported as a pathogen with an outcome resembling that of S. aureus rather than coagulase-negative staphylococci. Recent local isolates exhibited colonial variation that delayed identification and interpretation of clinical significance. Until now previous descriptions have not emphasized colonial variation as an important identifying characteristic of S. lugdunensis. PMID:9738081

Leung, Michael J.; Nuttall, Nichalas; Pryce, Todd M.; Coombs, Geoffrey W.; Pearman, John W.

1998-01-01

141

Colony collapse disorder in Europe.  

PubMed

Colony collapse disorder (CCD) is a condition of honey bees, which has contributed in part to the recent major losses of honey bee colonies in the USA. Here we report the first CCD case from outside of the USA. We suggest that more standardization is needed for the case definition to diagnose CCD and to compare data on a global scale. PMID:23757238

Dainat, Benjamin; Vanengelsdorp, Dennis; Neumann, Peter

2012-02-01

142

Student Discipline in Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basis for the severe discipline imposed on school children in colonial America, especially in the Puritan colonies, was the belief in original sin. The child was regarded as being born in sin and thus depraved and prone to sin. The purpose of education was to enable children to read the Bible and thus change the behavior which otherwise would…

Petry, John R.

143

The Colonial Echo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The College of William & Mary is one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the United States, and they have a rich history interwoven with the history of the U.S. and the state of Virginia. Recently, they have begun adding a wide range of institutional documents to their digital archive. This section of the site features The Colonial Echo, which has served as the student yearbook of the College since 1899. The yearbook includes information about student groups and activities, campus events, scenes of campus, and materials on university administrators. The digitization project was made possible via funds from Professor Emeriti Richard Sherman and Armand Galfo. These unique documents capture moments of college frivolity, seriousness of purpose, and gravitas.

2012-01-13

144

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The August 15, 1985, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1986 through June 30, 1986. The introduction and summary briefly discuss program background and major activities of this quarter. Section II describes site development. Oil acquisition activities are reported in Section III. Other program topics are discussed in Section IV. Information on the budget and cost of the Reserve is contained in Section V. On April 11, 1986, the Department of Energy announced its decision to restart construction at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites and to spend nearly $157 million of construction funds that had been proposed for deferral. At the end of the third quarter of FY 1986, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's total storage capacity was approximately 510 million barrels. Cavern development or leaching at Bryan Mound is approximately 96 percent complete and is approximately 82 percent complete at West Hackberry. At Big Hill, construction of the central facilities, leaching systems, instrumentation for the first five caverns, and the raw water intake structure which will provide fresh water to the site for cavern leaching is complete. Water, brine and oil pipelines construction contracts were awarded in May 1986, and the site construction for the remaining onsite facilities is scheduled for award in August 1986. The total inventory of oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 501,786,899 barrels during the quarter ending June 30, 1986. On July 2, 1986, the President signed the Urgent Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1986 (P.L. 99-349), which directed the release of approximately $578 million of deferred SPR Petroleum Account funds and approximately $41 million of deferred Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account funds.

Not Available

1986-08-15

145

Computing with strategic agents  

E-print Network

This dissertation studies mechanism design for various combinatorial problems in the presence of strategic agents. A mechanism is an algorithm for allocating a resource among a group of participants, each of which has a ...

Immorlica, Nicole, 1978-

2005-01-01

146

Strategic EDP Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts need a strategic, comprehensive, electronic data processing resources plan that would include the following major elements: (1) systems; (2) hardware; (3) software; (4) staffing; (5) control; and (6) projected budgets. (MLF)

Wold, Geoffrey H.

1988-01-01

147

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual and quarterly reports to the President and the Congress on activities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. This report combines the fourth quarter 1993 Quarterly Report with the 1993 Annual Report. Key activities described include appropriations; life extension planning; expansion planning; Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil acquisition; the oil stabilization program; and the refined petroleum product reserve test programs. Sections of this report also describe the program mission; the storage facility development program; environmental compliance; budget and finance; and drawdown and distribution.

Not Available

1994-02-16

148

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975, as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual and quarterly reports to the President and the Congress on activities to develop the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Additional prospective information related to the development and fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is required by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986. This report combines the fourth quarter 1988 Quarterly Report with the 1988 Annual Report. Topics addressed include: storage facilities development; oil acquisition and transportation; budget and finance; drawdown and distribution system and vulnerability impact; other project activities.

Not Available

1989-02-16

149

Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Strategic Plan FY 20082013  

E-print Network

169 Appendix F Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Strategic Plan FY 2008­2013 #12;#12;Appendix F 171 Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Strategic Plan FY 2008­2013 suMMary sTaTeMenT of The Board T he Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act (NWPAA) of 1987 directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE

150

Research on strategic importance of non-grid-connected wind power for U.S. energy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, the cost of wind power generation has declined 20 times since 1982, giving it a price advantage in competition with conventional energy. Therefore, wind power has a much broader prospect. The data indicates that power-generating capacity has increased recently in the USA and has developed quickly, with 50% growth in 2008. By April 30, 2009, installed

Ming Gu

2009-01-01

151

Business competitiveness through strategic/business planning  

SciTech Connect

Impending electric utility industry deregulation is sufficient reason for most electric utilities to spend more time in deep contemplation. If one adds to that the threat of open competition among energy utilities and service providers (like communication and cable companies) for customer ownership and market share, then one clearly understands what is driving utilities to engage consultants to help them develop strategic plans. The strategic planning process is intended to focus and guide the organization in implementing specific strategic and tactical actions that integrate the needs of the business with those of its customers and the markets it serves. This process encompasses assessing utility assets and core competencies, evaluating the myriad of available options to create change, and helping executives make informed decisions on how they will compete in uncharted, evolving markets. The results of these deep and sometimes painful corporate introspections are evident in the decisions and initiatives that one learns about daily in the industry press in the form of major energy utility mergers, disaggregations, diversifications, offshore acquisitions, alliances, and major reorganizations. This paper examines the business and strategic planning process that management consultants use to guide utilities through this quagmire of possible options to develop a road map to achieve competitive advantage and increased shareholder value. This subject is timely and of milestone importance to the industry. Survival necessitates actions and actions carry risks. The strategic planning process attempts to minimize the risks and enhance the probability of surviving and winning.

Miller, W.H.; Jabali, H.H. [S and L Management Consulting, Chicago, IL (United States)

1997-09-01

152

Genetic diversity affects colony survivorship in commercial honey bee colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Honey bee ( Apis mellifera) queens mate with unusually high numbers of males (average of approximately 12 drones), although there is much variation among queens. One main consequence of such extreme polyandry is an increased diversity of worker genotypes within a colony, which has been shown empirically to confer significant adaptive advantages that result in higher colony productivity and survival. Moreover, honey bees are the primary insect pollinators used in modern commercial production agriculture, and their populations have been in decline worldwide. Here, we compare the mating frequencies of queens, and therefore, intracolony genetic diversity, in three commercial beekeeping operations to determine how they correlate with various measures of colony health and productivity, particularly the likelihood of queen supersedure and colony survival in functional, intensively managed beehives. We found the average effective paternity frequency ( m e ) of this population of honey bee queens to be 13.6 ± 6.76, which was not significantly different between colonies that superseded their queen and those that did not. However, colonies that were less genetically diverse (headed by queens with m e ? 7.0) were 2.86 times more likely to die by the end of the study when compared to colonies that were more genetically diverse (headed by queens with m e > 7.0). The stark contrast in colony survival based on increased genetic diversity suggests that there are important tangible benefits of increased queen mating number in managed honey bees, although the exact mechanism(s) that govern these benefits have not been fully elucidated.

Tarpy, David R.; vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Pettis, Jeffrey S.

2013-08-01

153

Genetic diversity affects colony survivorship in commercial honey bee colonies.  

PubMed

Honey bee (Apis mellifera) queens mate with unusually high numbers of males (average of approximately 12 drones), although there is much variation among queens. One main consequence of such extreme polyandry is an increased diversity of worker genotypes within a colony, which has been shown empirically to confer significant adaptive advantages that result in higher colony productivity and survival. Moreover, honey bees are the primary insect pollinators used in modern commercial production agriculture, and their populations have been in decline worldwide. Here, we compare the mating frequencies of queens, and therefore, intracolony genetic diversity, in three commercial beekeeping operations to determine how they correlate with various measures of colony health and productivity, particularly the likelihood of queen supersedure and colony survival in functional, intensively managed beehives. We found the average effective paternity frequency (m e ) of this population of honey bee queens to be 13.6?±?6.76, which was not significantly different between colonies that superseded their queen and those that did not. However, colonies that were less genetically diverse (headed by queens with m e ???7.0) were 2.86 times more likely to die by the end of the study when compared to colonies that were more genetically diverse (headed by queens with m e ?>?7.0). The stark contrast in colony survival based on increased genetic diversity suggests that there are important tangible benefits of increased queen mating number in managed honey bees, although the exact mechanism(s) that govern these benefits have not been fully elucidated. PMID:23728203

Tarpy, David R; Vanengelsdorp, Dennis; Pettis, Jeffrey S

2013-08-01

154

The water, energy and food (WEF) nexus project: A basis for strategic planning for natural resources sustainability-Challenges for application in the MENA region.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water, energy, and food (WEF) are viewed as main systems forming a nexus, which itself is threatened by defined external factors mainly characterized by growing population, changing economies, governance, climate change, and international trade. Integrative thinking in strategic planning for natural resources comes through recognizing the intimate level of interconnectedness between these systems and the entities that govern them. Providing sustainable solutions to overcome present challenges pose the need to study the existent inter-linkages and tradeoffs between resources. In this context, the present communication is to present the WEF-nexus project, a Tunisian - Jordanian - Qatari - USA project which is funded by the USAID - FABRI PR&D Grants program. WEF-nexus project seeks to explore the inextricable link between water resources and food security in both its geophysical and socio-economic dimensions. The project proposes to design, implement and test integrated resource management tool based on the water-energy-food nexus framework that i) includes the evaluation of the tool over a wide range of climatic and socio-economic zones represented by different countries in the MENA region, and ii) develop scenarios with variations of resources, demands, constraints, and management strategies for the chosen countries, which would be used as a foundation for guiding decision making. The approach is implemented and tested within Tunisia, Jordan, and Qatar. Beyond the obtaining of significant advances in the aforementioned methodological domains, and the understanding of the problems and challenges related to water and food that societies are experiencing or will experience in the future, outcomes are expected to :i) engage decision makers in the process of improving current policies, and strengthening relevant public- private collaboration through the use of the proposed tool, and ii) help in revisiting former recommendations at the levels of resource governance, and in identifying new in support of water and food polices, institutions and management.

Mohtar, Rabi; Daher, Bassel; Mekki, Insaf; Chaibi, Thameur; Zitouna Chebbi, Rim; Salaymeh, Ahmed Al

2014-05-01

155

Greening the Department of Energy through waste prevention, recycling, and Federal acquisition. Strategic plan to implement Executive Order 13101  

SciTech Connect

This Plan provides strategies and milestones to implement Executive Order 13101, Greening the Government Through Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Federal Acquisition, and to achieve the new Secretarial goals for 2005 and 2010. It serves as the principal Secretarial guidance to Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters, Field Offices, and laboratory and contractor staff to improve sanitary waste prevention, recycling, and the purchase and use of recycled content and environmentally preferable products and services in the DOE.

None

2000-11-01

156

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This quarterly report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve during the period July 1, 1985, through September 30, 1985. The introduction and summary briefly discuss program background and major activities of this quarter. Section II describes site development. Oil acquisition activities are reported in Section III. Other program topics are discussed in Section IV and information on the budget and cost of the Reserve is contained in Section V. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 1985, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve increased its total storage capacity to 501.1 million barrels, adding 5.9 million barrels at Bryan Mound and 11.5 million barrels at West Hackberry. Cavern development or leaching at Bryan Mound is approximately 94% complete and at West Hackberry approximately 82% complete. At Bayou Choctaw, the Department of Energy is performing final acceptance testing of cavern 17 to complete the cavern exchange agreement with Union Texas Petroleum. Significant progress has been achieved on construction of the new Big Hill (Phase III) storage facility. The total inventory of oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 489,254,887 barrels during the quarter ending September 30, 1985. The average fill rate during the quarter was 137,865 barrels per day and the weighted average delivered price of crude oil during this quarter was $27.63 per barrel. The projected fill rate for the calendar quarter October 1, 1985, to December 31, 1985, is approximately 50,000 barrels per day. During the quarter, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve developed plans and began preparations for a sale of 1.1 million barrels of crude oil to test the drawdown and distribution capabilities of the Reserve. This test sale is required pursuant to Section 103 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Amendments Act of 1985. 1 tab.

Not Available

1985-11-15

157

UNE Strategic Plan 2007 -2010 The Strategic Use of ICT  

E-print Network

UNE Strategic Plan 2007 - 2010 Sub Plan for The Strategic Use of ICT Draft Version 3.0 14 August.........................................................................................................................5 ICT Enabling Plan...................................................... 10 Priority 2: Community engagement around ICT aspirations

Dunstan, Neil

158

Classics of American Colonial History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Dinsmore Documentation, Classics of American Colonial History is a research database consisting of scholarly books and articles on American colonial history that, according to the creators, "appear to be of continuing interest." The collection currently offers 22 source materials by 15 different authors. Browseable by author or subject, the collection contains subject categories including Administration, African Americans and Slavery, Economics and Trade, Immigration from Europe, Law, Native Americans, Politics, Religion, and Wars.

159

How to Use this Information This guide provides an overview of strategic electric-  

E-print Network

various forms of support planning, including the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy and organizations. Getting Started What is a strategic energy plan? A strategic energy plan is a roadmap to achieving com- munity energy goals in both the near and long term. The goals are determined by stakeholder

160

NASA strategic plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Strategic Plan is a living document. It provides far-reaching goals and objectives to create stability for NASA's efforts. The Plan presents NASA's top-level strategy: it articulates what NASA does and for whom; it differentiates between ends and means; it states where NASA is going and what NASA intends to do to get there. This Plan is not a budget document, nor does it present priorities for current or future programs. Rather, it establishes a framework for shaping NASA's activities and developing a balanced set of priorities across the Agency. Such priorities will then be reflected in the NASA budget. The document includes vision, mission, and goals; external environment; conceptual framework; strategic enterprises (Mission to Planet Earth, aeronautics, human exploration and development of space, scientific research, space technology, and synergy); strategic functions (transportation to space, space communications, human resources, and physical resources); values and operating principles; implementing strategy; and senior management team concurrence.

1994-01-01

161

Institute for Strategic Dialogue  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD) is an independent think-tank working with leaders in government, media and the private sector. Their goal is to "challenge long-range threats to international and communal peace and to enhance Europe's capacity to act strategically in the global arena." The ISD was started in 1996, and lately their new work has included creating a network of Muslim professionals across Europe and sponsoring scholarships and leadership conferences. Scholars and other policy-types should click on over to the "Publications" area. Here they will find recent works that include "Muslims in the European Mediascape: Integration and Social Cohesion Dynamics" and "Exploring New Vehicles for a Strategic European Engagement with Russia". On the homepage, visitors can find a list of recent events sponsored by the ISD and also watch some media from their talks and conference gatherings.

162

Strategic Analysis of Terrorism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two areas that are increasingly studied in the game-theoretic literature on terrorism and counterterrorism are collective action and asymmetric information. One contribution of this chapter is a survey and extension of continuous policy models with differentiable payoff functions. In this way, policies can be characterized as strategic substitutes (e. g., proactive measures), or strategic complements (e. g., defensive measures). Mixed substitute-complement models are also introduced. We show that the efficiency of counterterror policy depends upon (i) the strategic substitutes-complements characterization, and (ii) who initiates the action. Surprisingly, in mixed-models the dichotomy between individual and collective action may disappear. A second contribution is the consideration of a signaling model where indiscriminant spectacular terrorist attacks may erode terrorists’ support among its constituency, and proactive government responses can create a backlash effect in favor of terrorists. A novel equilibrium of this model reflects the well-documented ineffectiveness of terrorism in achieving its stated goals.

Arce, Daniel G.; Sandler, Todd

163

Copyright 2012 Strategic Management Society Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal  

E-print Network

Copyright © 2012 Strategic Management Society Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal Strat. Entrepreneurship J., 6: 116­132 (2012) Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI: 10 Effectively 117 Copyright © 2012 Strategic Management Society Strat. Entrepreneurship J., 6: 116­132 (2012

Prinz, Friedrich B.

164

Strategic alliances fit pattern of industry innovation  

SciTech Connect

The strategic alliance, vitally important as an isolated practice in the oil and gas business, also fits a broad pattern of innovation by which the industry is redefining itself for prosperity in a new energy age. The industry is experiencing a renaissance in almost every aspect, from technological breakthroughs to innovative business practices to new products and markets. An inevitable outgrowth of such rapid and fundamental change is an evolution in business relationships. The strategic alliance is at the forefront of this trend. Development of new relationships capitalizes on, and partly results from, enormous advances in technology and finance. The paper discusses new relationships, the outsourcing rage, integrating work flows, and technological advances.

Crump, J.G. [Price Waterhouse, Houston, TX (United States). World Energy Group

1997-03-31

165

On operator strategic behavior  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Deeper and more detailed knowledge as to how human operators such as pilots respond, singly and in groups, to demands on their performance which arise from technical systems will support the manipulation of such systems' design in order to accommodate the foibles of human behavior. Efforts to understand how self-autonomy impacts strategic behavior and such related issues as error generation/recognition/correction are still in their infancy. The present treatment offers both general and aviation-specific definitions of strategic behavior as precursors of prospective investigations.

Hancock, P. A.

1991-01-01

166

Strategic Processes in Beginning Reading  

Microsoft Academic Search

A presentation is given of a strategic-process perspective on the development of reading skills. The approach integrates reading research with developmental findings in cognitive psychology (Brown, 1975). An explication of the main concepts of the system is provided along with re-interpretation of a variety of reading research. Analysis of strategic demands and the factors affecting strategic behavior yield a framework

Robert M. Schwartz

1977-01-01

167

Managing Transdisciplinarity in Strategic Foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic foresight deals with the long term future and is a transdisciplinary exercise which, among other aims, addresses the prioritization of science and other decision making in science and innovation advisory and funding bodies. This article discusses challenges in strategic foresight in relation to transdisciplinarity based on empirical as well as theoretical work in technological domains. By strategic foresight is

Birgitte Rasmussen; Per Dannemand Andersen; Kristian Borch

2010-01-01

168

Strategic Community Partnerships. Exemplars.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2000, the Knight Collaborative for Higher Education began an intensive 4-month engagement with 4 higher education institutions focusing on the development of strategic community partnerships. The four institutions were: (1) Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania; (2) Michigan State University; (3) the State University of…

Wegner, Gregory R.

169

NAEA's Strategic Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the National Art Education Association's strategic plan for art education. Their plan states that all PreK-12 students deserve a comprehensive, balanced, and sequential program of instruction in the visual arts. The Association's primary vision and goals are described.

School Arts: The Art Education Magazine for Teachers, 2005

2005-01-01

170

Grappling with Strategic Dissonance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case study of the Virtual Retina project (an instructional CD-ROM for ophthalmology students) at the University of Alberta as an example of strategic dissonance in an educational technology unit. Offers methods to analyze the external competitive environment and internal capabilities of educational technology units. (EV)

Dowie, Sandra

2002-01-01

171

National Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil

R. M. Davis

1981-01-01

172

Strategic petroleum reserve expansion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes SPR benefits and proposes a general paradigm for Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) decision-making. It presents two modeling approaches to the general decision problem, each simplifying the problem in a different way and offering a distinct perspective. The first is the Teisberg model approach, applying dynamic programming, and we present some recent numerical results on the value of

P. N. Leiby; R. Lee

1989-01-01

173

Strategic Enrollment Management Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters of this collection describe a transformational period in higher education. The paradigm shift in higher education requires new organizational models, new strategies, new resources, and new tools, with new ways of thinking, especially about strategic enrollment management (SEM). The chapters of part 1, "The Contextual Framework for…

Black, Jim, Ed.

174

External Strategic Planning Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a community reputation that has grown increasingly negative, the Los Angeles Community College District (LACCD) devised a strategic plan in 1998 to improve its programs and services and assure the educational success of its students. The planning process involved several steps: (1) revisiting the district mission statement; (2)…

Los Angeles Community Coll. District, CA. Office of Research and Planning.

175

LEADING, TRANSFORMING, STRATEGIC PLAN  

E-print Network

that supports best educational practices and the LSU national flagship agenda. Values The guiding philosophy education, research, and service. These values include Embracing the ideals of equality, socialLEADING, TRANSFORMING, EMPOWERING FIVE YEAR STRATEGIC PLAN 2008-2013 #12;2 Vision, Values, Mission

176

DCS vendor strategic alliances  

SciTech Connect

The competitive nature of the utility industry, which is driven by forces of deregulation, causes utility managers to look for ways to reduce their generating station operating and maintenance costs. One method being used to optimize performance and reliability at operating stations is replacement of control systems with new distributed control systems (DCS). Installation of these systems can result in unit performance improvements and increased capacity, and reduction in forced outages, operating staff, and maintenance costs. While DCS installations continue to achieve these benefits, utility managers are looking for ways to reduce the capital costs of implementing control system replacement projects and thus improve the benefit to cost ratio. One such method is the establishment of a DCS Vendor Strategic Alliance. A DCS Vendor Strategic Alliance is a relationship established between a utility organization (or other user of DCS vendor products and services) and a DCS vendor. This relationship is a commitment by the buyer to purchase DCS vendor products and services over a predefined period of time (usually 5 to 10 years), in exchange for receiving those products and services at a rate below the current market value (10 to 20% below the market value expected when competitively bid). This paper discusses the concept of DCS vendor strategic alliances, reviews the benefits and drawbacks of the concept, and provides an actual case study experience. In addition, the paper discusses the noneconomic benefits of a DCS vendor strategic alliance that distinguish this relationship from a sample long-term purchasing agreement.

Franczak, D.F.; Zilly, D.E. [Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-11-01

177

Strategic Planning Synergy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses initial strategic planning efforts at the University of Louisville and the limitations of that process, and presents an improved methodology that takes an institutional vision and translates it into quantifiable performance indicators, thus providing a framework for the institution to implement, manage, and measure change. The method…

Shapiro, Linda T.; Nunez, William J.

2001-01-01

178

Strategic arms limitation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following World War II, American scientists and politicians proposed in the Baruch plan a radical solution to the problem of nuclear weapons: to eliminate them forever under the auspices of an international nuclear development authority. The Soviets, who as yet did not possess the bomb, rejected this plan. Another approach suggested by Secretary of War Henry Stimson to negotiate directly with the Soviet Union was not accepted by the American leadership. These initial arms limitation failures both reflected and exacerbated the hostile political relationship of the superpowers in the 1950s and 1960s. Since 1969, the more modest focus of the Soviet-American arms control process has been on limiting the numbers and sizes of both defensive and offensive strategic systems. The format for this effort has been the Strategic Arms Limitatins Talks (Salt) and more recently the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START). Both sides came to these negotiations convinced that nuclear arsenals had grown so large that some for of mutual restraint was needed. Although the SALT/START process has been slow and ponderous, it has produced several concrete the agreements and collateral benefits. The 1972 ABM Treaty restricts the deployment of ballistic missile defense systems, the 1972 Interim Agreement places a quantitative freeze on each side's land based and sea based strategic launchers, and the as yet unratified 1979 SALT II Treaty sets numerical limits on all offensive strategic systems and sublimits on MIRVed systems. Collateral benefits include improved verification procedures, working definitions and counting rules, and permanent bureaucratic apparatus which enhance stability and increase the chances for achieving additional agreements.

Allen Greb, G.; Johnson, Gerald W.

1983-10-01

179

Statement of Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, US House of Representatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) is reviewed for the subcommittee. There are over 430 million barrels of crude oil in the reserve. The fill rate goal of 186,000 b\\/d for 1984 has been fulfilled. Development of Phase II is continuing on schedule. SPR distribution capabilities are discussed in detail as well as SPR management and contracting operations.

Furiga

1984-01-01

180

Chronic sublethal stress causes bee colony failure.  

PubMed

Current bee population declines and colony failures are well documented yet poorly understood and no single factor has been identified as a leading cause. The evidence is equivocal and puzzling: for instance, many pathogens and parasites can be found in both failing and surviving colonies and field pesticide exposure is typically sublethal. Here, we investigate how these results can be due to sublethal stress impairing colony function. We mathematically modelled stress on individual bees which impairs colony function and found how positive density dependence can cause multiple dynamic outcomes: some colonies fail while others thrive. We then exposed bumblebee colonies to sublethal levels of a neonicotinoid pesticide. The dynamics of colony failure, which we observed, were most accurately described by our model. We argue that our model can explain the enigmatic aspects of bee colony failures, highlighting an important role for sublethal stress in colony declines. PMID:24112478

Bryden, John; Gill, Richard J; Mitton, Robert A A; Raine, Nigel E; Jansen, Vincent A A

2013-12-01

181

Chronic sublethal stress causes bee colony failure  

PubMed Central

Current bee population declines and colony failures are well documented yet poorly understood and no single factor has been identified as a leading cause. The evidence is equivocal and puzzling: for instance, many pathogens and parasites can be found in both failing and surviving colonies and field pesticide exposure is typically sublethal. Here, we investigate how these results can be due to sublethal stress impairing colony function. We mathematically modelled stress on individual bees which impairs colony function and found how positive density dependence can cause multiple dynamic outcomes: some colonies fail while others thrive. We then exposed bumblebee colonies to sublethal levels of a neonicotinoid pesticide. The dynamics of colony failure, which we observed, were most accurately described by our model. We argue that our model can explain the enigmatic aspects of bee colony failures, highlighting an important role for sublethal stress in colony declines. PMID:24112478

Bryden, John; Gill, Richard J; Mitton, Robert A A; Raine, Nigel E; Jansen, Vincent A A; Hodgson, David

2013-01-01

182

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2012-01-01

183

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

184

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2011-01-01

185

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2014-01-01

186

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2010-01-01

187

Genetic diversity affects colony survivorship in commercial honey bee colonies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Honey bee (Apis mellifera) queens mate with unusually high numbers of males (average of approximately 12 drones), although there is much variation among queens. One main consequence of such extreme polyandry is an increased diversity of worker genotypes within a colony, which has been shown empirica...

188

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Reserve development activities during 1982 and includes: a detailed statement of the status of the Reserve; a summary of the actions taken to develop and implement the SPR Plan; an analysis of the impact and effectiveness of such actions on the vulnerability of the United States to interruption in supplies of petroleum products; a summary of existing problems with respect to further implementation of the SPR Plan; and any recommendations for supplemental legislation deemed necessary or appropriate by the Secretary of Energy to implement the Reserve Program. During 1982, the significant events for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Program included continued high oil acquisition and fill rates, execution of a second commercial crude oil purchase contract with the Mexican state oil company, continued Phase II storage capacity development, continuation of Phase III design and construction at expansion sites, submission to the Congress of a new drawdown plan, required under the Energy Emergency Preparedness Act of 1982, for use of the nation's SPR in case of a severe energy supply disruption, and submission of a report to the President and the Congress on the size of the SPR. Phase I development of five storage sites to achieve the capability to store 260 million barrels of oil was completed in 1980. Development of Phase II storage facilities (290 million barrels) continued on schedule during 1982 with cavern leaching at Bryan Mound, West Hackberry, and Bayou Choctaw and oil fill at Bryan Mound and West Hackberry. As of December 31, 1982, a total of 293.8 million barrels of crude oil was stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

Not Available

1983-02-16

189

The construction of a "population problem" in colonial India, 1919-1947.  

PubMed

This article examines the construction of a "population problem" among public health officials in India during the inter-war period. British colonial officials came to focus on India's population through their concern with high Indian infant and maternal mortality rates. They raised the problem of population as one way in which to highlight the importance of dealing with public health at an all-India basis, in a context of constitutional devolution of power to Indians where they feared such matters would be relegated to relative local unimportance. While they failed to significantly shape government policy, their arguments in support of India's 'population problem' nevertheless found a receptive audience in the colonial public sphere among Indian intellectuals, economists, eugenicists, women social reformers and birth controllers. The article contributes to the history of population control by situating its pre-history in British colonial public health and development policy and outside the logic of USA's Cold War strategic planning for Asia. PMID:21961187

Nair, Rahul

2011-01-01

190

Strategic Power Infrastructure Defense  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview on power infrastructure defense systems. A review of the literature on the subjects of critical infrastructures, threats to the power grids, defense system concepts, and the special protection systems is reported. The proposed Strategic Power Infrastructure Defense (SPID) system methodology is a real-time, wide-area, adaptive protection and control system involving the power, communication,

Hao Li; GARY W. ROSENWALD; JUHWAN JUNG; Chen-ching Liu

2005-01-01

191

Murre Colony on Prince Island  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

A breeding colony of California common murres (Uria aalge californica) on Prince Island off San Miguel Island off Southern California. Ecologists Josh Adams and Jonathan Felis of the USGS Western Ecological Research Center shot this and other high-resolution digital telephotos from a research vessel...

192

The Vine and Olive Colony.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the historical sources of "Some Plant Olive Trees," a utopian novel by Emma Gelders Sterne, which offers a fictional account of the Vine and Olive colony, one of the most colorful yet least known utopian communities of the nineteenth century. (AYC)

Albinski, Nan Bowman

1985-01-01

193

Ant Colony Optimization for Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The very basis of this thesis is the collective behavior of ants in colonies. Ants are an excellent example of how rather simple behavior on a local level can lead to complex behavior on a global level that is beneficial for the individuals. The key in the self-organization of ants is communication through pheromones. When an ant forages for food,

J. M. Van Ast

2010-01-01

194

Indigenous Perspectives on Colonial Encounters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines how and why two works of postcolonial literature (Master of the Ghost Dreaming by the Aboriginal Australian writer Narogin Mudrooroo and Indigo: Mapping the Waters by the British writer Marina Warner) and two films (Werner Herzog’s 1973 German classic Aguirre: The Wrath of God and the 1986 Australian Broadcasting Corporation film Babakiueria) invite readers to re-imagine colonial

Rebecca Weaver-Hightower

2006-01-01

195

Queen promiscuity lowers disease within honeybee colonies  

PubMed Central

Most species of social insects have singly mated queens, but in some species each queen mates with numerous males to create a colony with a genetically diverse worker force. The adaptive significance of polyandry by social insect queens remains an evolutionary puzzle. Using the honeybee (Apis mellifera), we tested the hypothesis that polyandry improves a colony's resistance to disease. We established colonies headed by queens that had been artificially inseminated by either one or 10 drones. Later, we inoculated these colonies with spores of Paenibacillus larvae, the bacterium that causes a highly virulent disease of honeybee larvae (American foulbrood). We found that, on average, colonies headed by multiple-drone inseminated queens had markedly lower disease intensity and higher colony strength at the end of the summer relative to colonies headed by single-drone inseminated queens. These findings support the hypothesis that polyandry by social insect queens is an adaptation to counter disease within their colonies. PMID:17015336

Seeley, Thomas D; Tarpy, David R

2006-01-01

196

"Unauthorised colonies" and the City of Delhi  

E-print Network

This research was undertaken, to understand the phenomenon of "unauthorised colonies" in relation to the city of Delhi, to which they belong. "Unauthorised Colonies" is the label given by the Delhi Development Authority ...

Mukherjee, Snehanshu

1988-01-01

197

Ant Colonies for the Traveling Salesman Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an artificial ant colony capable of solving the traveling salesman problem (TSP).Ants of the artificial colony are able to generate successively shorter feasible tours by usinginformation accumulated in the form of a pheromone trail deposited on the edges of the TSPgraph. Computer simulations demonstrate that the artificial ant colony is capable of generatinggood solutions to both symmetric and

Luca Maria Gambardella; Marco Dorigo

1997-01-01

198

Ant Colony Optimization for Constraint Satisfaction  

E-print Network

Ant Colony Optimization for Constraint Satisfaction Christine Solnon LIRIS, UMR 5205 CNRS / University of Lyon Tutorial at CP'2007 #12;Ant Colony Optimization Application to car sequencing Application to CSPs Conclusion Table of contents 1 Basic principles of Ant Colony Optimization 2 Application

Solnon, Christine

199

Ant colonies for the travelling salesman problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an artificial ant colony capable of solving the travelling salesman problem (TSP). Ants of the artificial colony are able to generate successively shorter feasible tours by using information accumulated in the form of a pheromone trail deposited on the edges of the TSP graph. Computer simulations demonstrate that the artificial ant colony is capable of generating good solutions

Marco Dorigo; Luca Maria Gambardella

1997-01-01

200

Colonialism in Asia: A Critical Look!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cartoons, text, questions, and activities encourage students to link the present with the past, to look at colonialism from the perspective of the colonized, and to see how the global economy perpetuates the trade structures begun during the colonial era. After exploring colonialism in the past, early contacts by Europeans with other cultures, the…

Gage, Susan

201

NASA strategic plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Plan summarizes the Agency's vision, mission, and values. Specific goals are listed for each externally focused Enterprise: Mission to Planet Earth, Aeronautics, Human Exploration and Development of Space, Space Science, and Space Technology. These Enterprises satisfy the needs of customers external to NASA. The Strategic Functions (Space Communications, Human Resources, and Physical Resources) are necessary in order to meet the goals of the Enterprises. The goals of these Functions are also presented. All goals must be met while adhering to the discussed values and operating principles of NASA. A final section outlines the implementing strategy.

1995-01-01

202

National strategic petroleum reserve.  

PubMed

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil reserve in the world. Facilities for expanding the reserve's capacity by another 290 million barrels are being developed by solution-mining in salt domes. PMID:17847458

Davis, R M

1981-08-01

203

Strategic implementation plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Life Science Division of the NASA Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA) describes its plans for assuring the health, safety, and productivity of astronauts in space, and its plans for acquiring further fundamental scientific knowledge concerning space life sciences. This strategic implementation plan details OSSA's goals, objectives, and planned initiatives. The following areas of interest are identified: operational medicine; biomedical research; space biology; exobiology; biospheric research; controlled ecological life support; flight programs and advance technology development; the life sciences educational program; and earth benefits from space life sciences.

1989-01-01

204

Strategic Planning for Landowners  

E-print Network

for any new or existing enterprise?strate - gic, tactical and operational. Strategic goals de- fine what you are trying to achieve. When you have multiple goals, you must determine both what they have in common and where they may be in conflict.... Tactical goals define how you are planning to get to your destination and what landmarks you will pass along the way. You should specify the methods you will use and the measures you will select to evaluate prog- ress and success...

Johnson, Jason; Polk, Wade

2008-09-16

205

CNHS Strategic Plan Communication Sciences and Disorders Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Strategies for Evaluation and Assessment Year-End Progress Report Outcomes Include content relatedCNHS Strategic Plan 2012-2015 Communication Sciences and Disorders Strategic Plan 2012-2015 To serve society at state, national and global levels through education of communication sciences

Hayden, Nancy J.

206

Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process  

E-print Network

, drives innovation, enhances the classroom experience and improves employees' work processes Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process June 2012 Marc Hoit, Ph.D. Vice Strategic Planning Process June 2012 Page 2 Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process

Liu, Paul

207

Ant Colonies for the QAP  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents HAS-QAP, an hybrid ant colony system coupled with a local search, applied to thequadratic assignment problem. HAS-QAP uses pheromone trail information to perform modifications onQAP solutions, differently from more traditional ant systems that use pheromone trail information toconstruct complete solutions. HAS-QAP is analysed and compared with some of the best heuristics availablefor the QAP: two taboo search

L. M. Gambardella; É. D. Taillard; M. Dorigo

1997-01-01

208

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

10 Energy 2 2013-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

2013-01-01

209

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 2 2010-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

2010-01-01

210

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

10 Energy 2 2012-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

2012-01-01

211

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

10 Energy 2 2014-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

2014-01-01

212

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 2 2011-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

2011-01-01

213

Strategic Planning for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The framework necessary for achieving a strategic planning posture in higher education is outlined. The most important benefit of strategic planning for higher education decision makers is that it forces them to undertake a more market-oriented and systematic approach to long- range planning. (Author/MLW)

Kotler, Philip; Murphy, Patrick E.

1981-01-01

214

January 2013 Strategic Planning Session  

E-print Network

January 2013 Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Construction Projects on Schedule 90% 0% Enhance customer satisfaction 4.1.1 Improve: Overall satisfaction rating 85% 4.1.2 All FM Units Achieve Customer Satisfaction of 85% 85% 4.1.3 Reduce: Maintenance & Ops

Howitt, Ivan

215

October 2012 Strategic Planning Session  

E-print Network

October 2012 Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Construction Projects on Schedule 90% 50% Enhance customer satisfaction 4.1.1 Improve: Overall satisfaction rating 85% Annual 4.1.2 All FM Units Achieve Customer Satisfaction of 85% 85% Annual 4.1.3 Reduce

Howitt, Ivan

216

Strategic Planning Is an Oxymoron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The thinking on "strategic thinking" has evolved significantly over the years. In the previous century, the independent school strategy was to focus on long-range planning, blithely projecting 10 years into the future. For decades this worked well enough, but in the late 20th century, independent schools shifted to "strategic planning," with its…

Bassett, Patrick F.

2012-01-01

217

Strategic Human Resource Development. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains three papers on strategic human resource (HR) development. "Strategic HR Orientation and Firm Performance in India" (Kuldeep Singh) reports findings from a study of Indian business executives that suggests there is a positive link between HR policies and practices and workforce motivation and loyalty and sustainable…

2002

218

Strategic Planning for Modern Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents some definitions of strategic planning in the management literature, followed by an explanation of its importance in library management. Stresses the value of mission statements, goals and objectives, and a SWOT analysis, and gives advice on identifying strategic issues, formulating strategies, implementing the plan and performance measurement. Considers finance, staffing, stock management and information technology, and concludes with a

Heather Johnson

1994-01-01

219

Strategic cycling: shaking complacency in healthcare strategic planning.  

PubMed

As the conditions affecting business and healthcare organizations in the United States have become more turbulent and uncertain, strategic planning has decreased in popularity. Strategic planning is criticized for stiffling creative responses to the new marketplace and for fostering compartmentalized organizations, adherence to outmoded strategies, tunnel vision in strategy formulation, and overemphasis on planning to the detriment of implementation. However, effective strategic planning can be a force for mobilizing all the constituents of an organization, creating discipline in pursuit of a goal, broadening an organization's perspective, improving communication among disciplines, and motivating the organization's workforce. It is worthwhile for healthcare organizations to preserve these benefits of strategic planning at the same time recognizing the many sources of turbulence and uncertainty in the healthcare environment. A model of "strategic cycling" is presented to address the perceived shortcomings of traditional strategic planning in a dynamic environment. The cycling model facilitates continuous assessment of the organization's mission/values/vision and primary strategies based on feedback from benchmark analysis, shareholder impact, and progress in strategy implementation. Multiple scenarios and contingency plans are developed in recognition of the uncertain future. The model represents a compromise between abandoning strategic planning and the traditional, linear model of planning based on progress through predetermined stages to a masterpiece plan. PMID:10621138

Begun, J; Heatwole, K B

1999-01-01

220

2006 NASA Strategic Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On January 14, 2004, President George W. Bush announced A Renewed Spirit of Discovery: The President's Vision for U.S. Space Exploration, a new directive for the Nation's space program. The fundamental goal of this directive is "to advance U.S. scientific, security, and economic interests through a robust space exploration program." In issuing it, the President committed the Nation to a journey of exploring the solar system and beyond: returning to the Moon in the next decade, then venturing further into the solar system, ultimately sending humans to Mars and beyond. He challenged NASA to establish new and innovative programs to enhance understanding of the planets, to ask new questions, and to answer questions that are as old as humankind. NASA enthusiastically embraced the challenge of extending a human presence throughout the solar system as the Agency's Vision, and in the NASA Authorization Act of 2005, Congress endorsed the Vision for Space Exploration and provided additional guidance for implementation. NASA is committed to achieving this Vision and to making all changes necessary to ensure success and a smooth transition. These changes will include increasing internal collaboration, leveraging personnel and facilities, developing strong, healthy NASA Centers,a nd fostering a safe environment of respect and open communication for employees at all levels. NASA also will ensure clear accountability and solid program management and reporting practices. Over the next 10 years, NASA will focus on six Strategic Goals to move forward in achieving the Vision for Space Exploration. Each of the six Strategic Goals is clearly defined and supported by multi-year outcomes that will enhance NASA's ability to measure and report Agency accomplishments in this quest.

2006-01-01

221

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

Not Available

1991-08-15

222

Conceptual design of a lunar colony  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A systems engineering study is presented for a proposed lunar colony. The lunar colony was to grow from an existent, 12-man, earth-dependent lunar surface base and was to utilize lunar resources, becoming as earth-independent as possible. An in-depth treatment of some of the aspects of the lunar colony was given. We have found that the use of lunar resources is feasible for oxygen production (both for breathing and for space tug fuel), food production, and building materials. A program is outlined for recycling waste materials developed at the colony as well as a full program for growth and research activity of the colony to a level of 180 colonists. Recommendations for the lunar colony are given.

Dalton, C. (editor); Hohmann, E. (editor)

1972-01-01

223

The MacDowell Colony Exhibition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Artist colonies have always fascinated the American public, and whether they have been informally organized or not, they seem to provide great opportunities for a variety of collaborations. One of the oldest of these colonies is the MacDowell Colony in Peterborough, New Hampshire. The colony was started in 1907 by the composer Edward MacDowell and his wife Marian, and over the past century it has been host to the likes of Willa Cather, Leonard Bernstein, Thorntown Wilder, and James Baldwin. This site was created in conjunction with an in situ exhibit at the Thomas Jefferson Building at the Library of Congress, and visitors to the site will be able to learn about the history of the colony through first-hand accounts, video clips featuring the curators of the exhibit, and objects that have been part of the colony's history. Some of these digitized objects include photographs, manuscripts, and musical scores.

224

Situational Hitting: Strategic Lobbying in a Strategic Legislative Environment  

E-print Network

in number. Interest groups are strategic actors that formulate strategies of lobbying in a manner that maximizes their potential influence per their resources. As such, interest groups should formulate lobbying strategies that take into consideration...

Morin, Alexander

2012-02-14

225

Colonie Interim Storage Site annual site environmental report for calendar year 1989, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

IN 1984, Congress assigned the cleanup of the National Lead (NL) Industries site in Colonie, New York, to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a decontamination research and development project under the 1984 Energy and Water Appropriations Act. DOE then included the site in the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), an existing DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sites where residual radioactive materials remain for the early years of the nation's atomic energy program. DOE instituted an environmental monitoring program at the site in 1984. Results are presented annually in reports such as this. Under FUSRAP, the first environmental monitoring report for this site presented data for calendar year 1984. This report presents the findings of the environmental monitoring program conducted during calendar year 1989. 16 refs., 17 figs., 14 tabs.

Not Available

1990-05-01

226

Loyola Homepage on Strategic Intelligence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Loyola College (Baltimore) Department of Political Science offers the Strategic Intelligence page on the Web. This page consists of pointers to U.S. intelligence community sites, military intelligence sites, organizational sites related to strategic intelligence, recent documents related to strategic intelligence, and a selected list of intelligence related journals, articles, and papers. Included are connections to the CIA, FBI, Treasury Department, ATF, Secret Service, selected declassified intelligence satellite photographs (CORONA), IntelWeb, and selected articles from issues of Covert Action Quarterly, among others.

1998-01-01

227

Opportunity Evaluation and Implementation: Providing Strategic Energy Solutions through Thoughtful Planning and Practical Know-How to Produce Groundbreaking Results (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) only national laboratory focused on renewable energy and energy efficiency. For more than 35 years, our energy research, development, analysis, commercialization, and deployment work with public and private sector partners around the world has catalyzed the expansion of global clean energy solutions.

Not Available

2013-10-01

228

Strategic Groups: Theory, Research and Taxonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the concept of strategic groups, focusing upon the importance of intra-industry strategic groupings in understanding differences across firms within an industry. The problems involved in identifying strategic groups within industries are examined through a comprehensive review of recent studies. It is demonstrated that much of the research has used surrogates for elements of a firm's strategic direction,

Howard THOMAS; John McGee

1986-01-01

229

Strategic purchasing, supply management, and firm performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purchasing has increasingly assumed a pivotal strategic role in supply-chain management. Yet, claims of the strategic role of purchasing have not been fully subjected to rigorous theoretical and empirical scrutiny. Extant research has remained largely anecdotal and theoretically under-developed. In this paper, we examine the links among strategic purchasing, supply management, and firm performance. We argue that strategic purchasing can

Injazz J. Chen; Antony Paulraja; Augustine A. Lado

230

Corporate strategic plan for safeguards and security  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy (DOE) safeguards and security (S and S) is a team effort, consisting of Field, National Laboratories, Program Office, and Headquarters units cooperating to support the Department`s diverse security needs. As an integral part of the nation`s security structure, the DOE S and S Program regularly supports and works in cooperation with other US Government agencies and private industry to improve the national security posture. Thus, inter- and intra-agency partnerships play an invaluable role in the continuing efforts to integrate and implement improved ways of doing business. Their Corporate Strategic Plan provides a road map to guide, track, and provide feedback for the incorporation and implementation of S and S activities within DOE. Part 1 Planning Framework, describes those overarching factors which influence the planning endeavors. Part 2, Strategic Perspective, outlines where the S and S Program has been and how they will move to the future through core competencies, changing cultural thinking, and implementing their strategies. Part 3, Strategic and Operational Integration, details critical focus areas, strategies, and success indicators designed to enhance inter-agency S and S integration and promote cooperation with external agencies. This Plan will be reviewed annually to ensure it remains supportive and fully-engaged with the nation`s and international security environments.

NONE

1997-06-01

231

Science, Technology and Institutional Co-operation in Africa: From Pre-Colonial to Colonial Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper covers two phases of the history of science, technology and institutional co-operation in Africa - pre-colonial and colonial. It is structured into three sections. Section one looks at pre-colonial science and technology (S&T) and points out that most discussions on the socio- economic analysis of S&T in Africa often neglect the pre-colonial phase, even though indigenous knowledge is

Frank K. Teng-Zeng

2006-01-01

232

NASAwhitepaper Aeronautics Research Strategic Vision  

E-print Network

NASAwhitepaper Aeronautics Research Strategic Vision A Blueprint for Transforming Global Air-being. NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) is responsible for developing tools aeronautics research and development. Graphic: NASA #12;Emerging Global Trends Challenge Traditional Planning

Waliser, Duane E.

233

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This August 15, 1989, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1989 through June 30, 1989.

Not Available

1989-08-15

234

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This May 15, 1989, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1989 through March 31, 1989.

Not Available

1989-05-15

235

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This November 15, 1988, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period July 1, 1988 through September 30, 1988.

Not Available

1988-11-15

236

En echelon patterns of Calyptogena colonies in the Japan Trench  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The distribution of Calyptogena phaseoliformis colonies in right-stepping en echelon patterns was observed by the Japanese submersible Shinkai 6500 at the foot of the landward escarpment of the northern Japan Trench at around 6437 6274 m depth. The north-south trending Sanriku Escarpment has a thrust origin and is subparallel to the trench axis along which the Pacific plate is being subducted beneath the North America or Okhotsk plate at about 300° at a rate of about 7.8 to 8.3 cm/yr. The trends of colonies are concentrated at 250°, 300°, and 330°: each trend matches either an antithetic riedel shear, extension fracture, or synthetic riedel shear, respectively, within a left-lateral shear regime caused by the oblique subduction. Methane- and hydrogen sulfide bearing fluid advection from depth occurs essentially along the thrust fault, but finally seeps along the fractures at the sea floor. This supplies energy to the food chain through bacteria utilizing hydrogen sulfide, then eventually sustains the Calyptogena colonies. Because the clams select the best places to survive, the geometric arrangement of the clam colonies provides a kinematic indicator of relative plate motions.

Ogawa, Yujiro; Fujioka, Kantaro; Fujikura, Katsunori; Iwabuchi, Yo

1996-09-01

237

Developing a strategic roadmap for supply chain process improvement in a regulated utility  

E-print Network

This thesis covers work done at Tracks Energy, a regulated utility, to develop a strategic roadmap for supply chain process improvement. The focus of Tracks Energy has always been on keeping the lights on and the gas flowing ...

Yoder, Brent E. (Brent Edward)

2013-01-01

238

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

2010-01-01

239

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

2011-01-01

240

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

2012-01-01

241

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

2014-01-01

242

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

2013-01-01

243

Nash equilibrium with strategic complementarities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using lattice-theoretical methods, we analyze the existence and order structure of Nash equilibria of non-cooperative games where payoffs satisfy certain monotonicity properties (which are directly related to strategic complementarities) but need not be quasiconcave. In games with strategic complementarities the equilibrium set is always non-empty and has an order structure which ranges from the existence of a minimum and a

Xavier Vives

1990-01-01

244

Executive presence for strategic influence.  

PubMed

This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advancing organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tools, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author discusses cultivating executive presence, a crucial component of great leadership, needed for strategic influence and to drive change. PMID:23892301

Shirey, Maria R

2013-01-01

245

Hegemony and Accommodation in the History Curriculum in Colonial Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A reanalysis of colonial education is necessary in order to highlight its multifaceted and hybrid nature in specific colonial contexts. Although in general, colonial education served the socio-political needs of the colonial machinery, the colonial government's hegemonic authority over the school curriculum did not operate as a totalising…

Mafela, Lily

2014-01-01

246

Modelling and Analysis of Phase Variation in Bacterial Colony Growth  

E-print Network

Modelling and Analysis of Phase Variation in Bacterial Colony Growth Ovidiu P^arvu1 , David Gilbert case study, namely phase variation patterning in bacterial colony growth, forming circular colonies phase variation patterning in bacterial colony growth, forming circular colonies on a flat medium

Gilbert, David

247

Colonie Interim Storage Site: Annual environmental report for calendar year 1990, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

Environmental monitoring of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS) and surrounding area began in 1984. CISS is part of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), a DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sties where residual radioactive materials remain from the early years of the nation's atomic energy program or from commercial operations causing conditions that Congress has authorized DOE to remedy. The routine environmental monitoring program at CISS includes sampling networks for external gamma radiation exposures and for radium-226, throium-232, an total uranium concentrations in surface water, sediment, and groundwater. Additionally, the nonradiological parameters volatile and semivolatile organics, pesticides/polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), metals, total organic carbon (TOC), total organic halides (TOX), specific conductivity, and pH are measured in groundwater. 14 refs., 20 figs., 25 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01

248

Post-Colonial Recovering and Healing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notions of white supremacy, racism, sexism, and patriarchy constitute the power relationships and hierarchical structures of colonialism. Power is accessed when certain cultural forms are made to prevail over others, thus producing racialized and marginalized identities. The will to control what is different is the main tenet of colonialism.…

Weenie, Angelina

249

Colonialism, legitimation, and policing in Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most existing historiographies of colonial and post-colonial policing in Ghana have focused nearly exclusively on providing a basic understanding of managerial issues—that is, organisational and administrative structure, functions and modes of operation. Our knowledge of issues of police legitimation, and of the ‘quality of policing’ remains very limited. This article discusses these issues and establishes the vital importance of history

Justice Tankebe

2008-01-01

250

Course in Determination of Colony Strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

How many bees do actually live in a hive ? Is the culmination number of a colony 30'000 or 60'000 bees? What is the number of bees in a strong colony at the beginning and at the end of wintering ? When does the rate of brood rearing reach the maximum? How many worker bees and drones are reared during

Anton Imdorf; Luzio Gerig

251

Colonial America: A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrated unit of study can be incorporated into regular social studies courses in elementary classrooms. The unit focuses on life in the 13 original colonies from the settlement period to the Revolutionary War. Activities are provided to help students learn the names and locations of the colonies. A highlight of the unit is a study of the…

Bennett, Sondra; Stephens, Mark

252

Pathogen webs in collapsing honey bee colonies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Recent losses in honey bee colonies are unusual in their severity, geographical distribution, and, in some cases, failure to present recognized symptoms of known disease. Domesticated honey bees face numerous pests and pathogens, tempting hypotheses that colony collapses arise from exposure to new o...

253

Colony Collapse Disorder: A descriptive studey  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We ...

254

Predictive markers of honey bee colony collapse  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Managed honey bee colonies are currently affected by abrupt depopulation during winter and many factors are suspected to be involved, either alone or in combination. Pathogens are considered as principal actors, contributing to weaken colony health and leaving room for secondary infections. In parti...

255

Managing Varroa Mites in Honey Bee Colonies  

E-print Network

. While the male mite dies in the cell, the adult daughter mites climb onto an adult worker bee and feed Managing Varroa Mites in Honey Bee Colonies The varroa mite (Varroa destructor) is the most serious pest of honey bee colonies worldwide. This parasite was first detected in North Carolina in 1990

Tarpy, David R.

256

Colonial American Literature: A Guide to Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handout is a guide to library resources in the J. Murrey Atkins Library at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte for the study of colonial American literature. The guide is intended to help readers find sources of criticism on colonial and revolutionary literature. It explains important reference sources in the Atkins library reference…

Van Noate, Judith, Comp.

257

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, (January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992)  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq's invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department's crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

Not Available

1992-05-15

258

Addressing Our Global Water Future Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)  

E-print Network

Meeting Rising Food Demand 27 Water Demand for Industrial and Energy Production 28 Water Pollution 30Addressing Our Global Water Future Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Sandia National Laboratories September 30, 2005 #12;Addressing Our Global Water Future Page 1 Center for Strategic

Fuerschbach, Phillip

259

Predictive markers of honey bee colony collapse.  

PubMed

Across the Northern hemisphere, managed honey bee colonies, Apis mellifera, are currently affected by abrupt depopulation during winter and many factors are suspected to be involved, either alone or in combination. Parasites and pathogens are considered as principal actors, in particular the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor, associated viruses and the microsporidian Nosema ceranae. Here we used long term monitoring of colonies and screening for eleven disease agents and genes involved in bee immunity and physiology to identify predictive markers of honeybee colony losses during winter. The data show that DWV, Nosema ceranae, Varroa destructor and Vitellogenin can be predictive markers for winter colony losses, but their predictive power strongly depends on the season. In particular, the data support that V. destructor is a key player for losses, arguably in line with its specific impact on the health of individual bees and colonies. PMID:22384162

Dainat, Benjamin; Evans, Jay D; Chen, Yan Ping; Gauthier, Laurent; Neumann, Peter

2012-01-01

260

Public health developments in colonial Malaya: colonialism and the politics of prevention.  

PubMed Central

In both African and Asian colonies until the late 19th century, colonial medicine operated pragmatically to meet the medical needs first of colonial officers and troops, immigrant settlers, and laborers responsible for economic development, then of indigenous populations when their ill health threatened the well-being of the expatriate population. Since the turn of the century, however, the consequences of colonial expansion and development for indigenous people's health had become increasingly apparent, and disease control and public health programs were expanded in this light. These programs increased government surveillance of populations at both community and household levels. As a consequence, colonial states extended institutional oversight and induced dependency through public health measures. Drawing on my own work on colonial Malaya, I illustrate developments in public health and their links to the moral logic of colonialism and its complementarity to the political economy. PMID:9987478

Manderson, L

1999-01-01

261

Children's strategic theory of mind.  

PubMed

Human strategic interaction requires reasoning about other people's behavior and mental states, combined with an understanding of their incentives. However, the ontogenic development of strategic reasoning is not well understood: At what age do we show a capacity for sophisticated play in social interactions? Several lines of inquiry suggest an important role for recursive thinking (RT) and theory of mind (ToM), but these capacities leave out the strategic element. We posit a strategic theory of mind (SToM) integrating ToM and RT with reasoning about incentives of all players. We investigated SToM in 3- to 9-y-old children and adults in two games that represent prevalent aspects of social interaction. Children anticipate deceptive and competitive moves from the other player and play both games in a strategically sophisticated manner by 7 y of age. One game has a pure strategy Nash equilibrium: In this game, children achieve equilibrium play by the age of 7 y on the first move. In the other game, with a single mixed-strategy equilibrium, children's behavior moved toward the equilibrium with experience. These two results also correspond to two ways in which children's behavior resembles adult behavior in the same games. In both games, children's behavior becomes more strategically sophisticated with age on the first move. Beyond the age of 7 y, children begin to think about strategic interaction not myopically, but in a farsighted way, possibly with a view to cooperating and capitalizing on mutual gains in long-run relationships. PMID:25197065

Sher, Itai; Koenig, Melissa; Rustichini, Aldo

2014-09-16

262

Measurement of soil bacterial colony temperatures and isolation of a high heat-producing bacterium  

PubMed Central

Background The cellular temperatures of microorganisms are considered to be the same as those of their surroundings because the cellular volume is too small to maintain a cellular temperature that is different from the ambient temperature. However, by forming a colony or a biofilm, microorganisms may be able to maintain a cellular temperature that is different from the ambient temperature. In this study, we measured the temperatures of bacterial colonies isolated from soils using an infrared imager and investigated the thermogenesis by a bacterium that increases its colony temperature. Results The temperatures of some colonies were higher or lower than that of the surrounding medium. A bacterial isolate with the highest colony temperature was identified as Pseudomonas putida. This bacterial isolate had an increased colony temperature when it grew at a temperature suboptimal for its growth. Measurements of heat production using a microcalorimeter showed that the temperature of this extraordinary, microcalorimetrically determined thermogenesis corresponded with the thermographically observed increase in bacterial colony temperature. When investigating the effects of the energy source on this thermal behavior, we found that heat production by this bacterium increased without additional biomass production at a temperature suboptimal for its growth. Conclusions We found that heat production by bacteria affected the bacterial colony temperature and that a bacterium identified as Pseudomonas putida could maintain a cellular temperature different from the ambient temperature, particularly at a sub-optimal growth temperature. The bacterial isolate P. putida KT1401 increased its colony temperature by an energy-spilling reaction when the incubation temperature limited its growth. PMID:23497132

2013-01-01

263

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This quarterly report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the period January 1, 1987 through March 31, 1987. The introduction and summary briefly discuss program background and major activities of this quarter. Section II describes site development. Oil acquisition activities are reported in Section III. Information on the budget and cost of the Reserve is contained in Section IV. During the first quarter of 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage capacity reached approximately 563 million barrels. At Bryan Mound, the conversion of Cavern 5 from sweet to sour crude oil storage proceeded on schedule, and at West Hackberry, leaching continued on four of the five remaining incomplete caverns. A capacity gain of 10 million barrels was realized at Bayou Choctaw with the completion of testing of Cavern 17. The total inventory of crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 519,986,787 barrels during the quarter ending March 31, 1987. The average fill rate during the quarter was 93,575 barrels per day, and the weighted average delivered price during this quarter was $17.80 per barrel. Funds available for obligation in fiscal year 1987 include $526 million in the SPR Petroleum Account for the acquisition and transportation of crude oil and $262 million in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account for activities associated with storage facilities development and the operation and management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. 2 tabs.

Not Available

1987-05-15

264

21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony...

2012-04-01

265

Automated counting of mammalian cell colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigating the effect of low-dose radiation exposure on cells using assays of colony-forming ability requires large cell samples to maintain statistical accuracy. Manually counting the resulting colonies is a laborious task in which consistent objectivity is hard to achieve. This is true especially with some mammalian cell lines which form poorly defined or `fuzzy' colonies, typified by glioma or fibroblast cell lines. A computer-vision-based automated colony counter is presented in this paper. It utilizes novel imaging and image-processing methods involving a modified form of the Hough transform. The automated counter is able to identify less-discrete cell colonies typical of these cell lines. The results of automated colony counting are compared with those from four manual (human) colony counts for the cell lines HT29, A172, U118 and IN1265. The results from the automated counts fall well within the distribution of the manual counts for all four cell lines with respect to surviving fraction (SF) versus dose curves, SF values at 2 Gy (SF2) and total area under the SF curve (Dbar). From the variation in the counts, it is shown that the automated counts are generally more consistent than the manual counts.

Barber, Paul R.; Vojnovic, Borivoj; Kelly, Jane; Mayes, Catherine R.; Boulton, Peter; Woodcock, Michael; Joiner, Michael C.

2001-01-01

266

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

During the third quarter of FY 1983, the Department of Energy continued to expand the storage capacity of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) and to fill available storage capacity in the Reserve through term purchases of crude oil made in FY 1982 supplemented by spot purchases. The SPR is being developed in three phases. Development of Phase I of the program consists of approximately 260 million barrels of storage capacity. Development of Phase II storage of 290 million barrels continues on schedule with the solution mining of new storage caverns at Bryan Mound, West Hackberry, and Bayou Choctaw. Phase III development is underway with major drilling and construction in progress at the Big Hill and Bryan Mound sites. Declarations-of-Taking of all remaining Big Hill property, with the exception of that required for the crude oil pipeline, was forwarded to the Department of Justice in June. Phase III drilling operations were completed at Bryan Mound in April and commenced at Big Hill in May. The SPR was filled at a rate of 226,966 barrels per day during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1983, and the total SPR crude oil inventory at the end of this period was 332,484,027 barrels. The weighted average price of crude oil delivered to SPR terminals from April 1, 1982, through June 30, 1983, was $29.85 per barrel. Market conditions continue to be favorable for the purchase of oil to fill available SPR storage capacity. The projected fill rate for the calendar quarter July 1, 1983, to September 30, 1983, is approximately 320,000 barrels per day which will assure an average fill rate for FY 1983 of 220,000 barrels per day. The SPR Petroleum Account became off-budget in FY 1982 pursuant to the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981. Funds for storage facilities development and operations, planning, and program direction remain on-budget.

Not Available

1983-08-16

267

Ant Colonies Shed Light on Metabolism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Press Release. Ants are usually regarded as the unwanted guests at a picnic. But a recent study of California seed harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex californicus) examining their metabolic rate in relation to colony size may lead to a better appreciation for the social, six-legged insects, whose colonies researchers say provide a theoretical framework for understanding cellular networks. Mr. Waters presented his paper, Scaling of Metabolism, Growth and Network Organization in Colonies of the Seed Harvester Ant, Pogonomyrmex californicus, at the American Physiological SocietyÂ?s Intersociety Meeting Global Science: Comparative Physiology in a Changing World. The program is located at http://the-aps.org/meetings/aps/comparative/preprogram.htm.

APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

2010-08-26

268

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The August 15, 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1987 through June 30, 1987. The program background and major activities of this quarter are briefly discussed. Other topics are site development; oil acquisition; information on the budget and cost of the reserve; and other program items. During the second quarter of 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage capacity reached 570 million barrels. At Bryan Mound, final corrective leaching was completed in Cavern 5 whose conversion from sweet to sour crude oil storage is proceeding on schedule. At West Hackberry, leaching was completed for Cavern 115 and proceeded in the four remaining caverns still under development. At the Bayou Choctaw site, Cavern 17 oil fill was initiated; this 10-million-barrel cavern currently contains over five million barrels of oil. At Big Hill, construction has progressed to the point that attainment of leaching capability by the end of September is on schedule. The total inventory of crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 527,186,515 barrels during the quarter ending June 30, 1987. The average fill rate during the quarter was 79,119 barrels per day, and the weighted average delivered price during this quarter was $19.17 per barrel. Funds available for obligation in fiscal year 1987 include $526 million in the SPR Petroleum Account for the acquisition and transportation of crude oil and $262 million in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account for activities associated with storage facilities development and the operation and management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Approximately $23 million of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account funds will be carried over to reduce new budget authority required for the account in fiscal year 1988.

Not Available

1987-11-15

269

November 2006 -1 -Estate Strategic Plan 2006 2016  

E-print Network

November 2006 - 1 - Estate Strategic Plan 2006 ­ 2016 #12;- 2 - Estate Strategy 2006-2016 Contents Implications 10 Sustainability Issues 14 Opportunities and Proposals 16 Estates Data 32 Performance Assessment Strategy Summary 77 16. Energy Policy 78 17. Space Provision ­ Policy 79 18. Regional Space Norms ­ Estates

Bandara, Arosha

270

Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research: FY86 Annual report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) provides analytical support to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) through a contractual arrangement with the Bartlesville Project Office of the DOE. Work performed during the contract period of this report included establishing new and modifying old methodology for expanded and improved crude oil characterization. The expanded comprehensive characterization scheme that

P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay; B. H. Diehl; K. W. Hornung; D. A. Doughty

1987-01-01

271

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Distribution (SPRED) simulation model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Distribution (SPRED) Model is a large scale computer simulation model developed by ERNST & ERNST, Washington, D.C. for the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Maritime Administration, Department of Commerce. The Model has been developed using SIMSCRIPT II.5 in an interactive timesharing mode. The Model is a versatile tool for studying present and future import patterns

Dennis Taillie; John Neidlinger; Joseph Demasco; William Begenyi

1978-01-01

272

Applications of the Strategic Defense Initiative's compact accelerators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Defense Initiative's (SDI) investment in particle accelerator technology for its directed energy weapons program has produced breakthroughs in the size and power of new accelerators. These accelerators, in turn, have produced spinoffs in several areas: the radio frequency quadrupole linear accelerator (RFQ linac) was recently incorporated into the design of a cancer therapy unit at the Loma Linda

Nick Montanarelli; Ted Lynch

1991-01-01

273

Final Draft Strategic Marketing Plan.  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has developed a marketing plan to define how BPA can be viable and competitive in the future, a result important to BPA`s customers and constituents. The Marketing Plan represents the preferred customer outcomes, marketplace achievements, and competitive advantage required to accomplish the Vision and the Strategic Business Objectives of the agency. The Marketing Plan contributes to successful implementation of BPA`s Strategic Business Objectives (SBOs) by providing common guidance to organizations and activities throughout the agency responsible for (1) planning, constructing, operating, and maintaining the Federal Columbia River Power System; (2) conducting business with BPA`s customers; and (3) providing required internal support services.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-02-01

274

Strategic materials availability and supply  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation is made of the supply sources and current availability of elements involved in superalloy compositions, as well as of development trends in the substitution of strategic materials for superalloys, giving attention to the results thus far achieved by NASA's Conservation of Strategic Aerospace Materials program, which formally operated only from 1980 to 1984 but whose various research initiatives have been continued under other NASA programs. Peacetime and wartime economies' need and probable availability analyses are presented for bauxite/aluminum, the Pt-group metals, and the alloying elements Mn, Nb, Ta, Co, Cr, Ni, W, Fe, Cu, Ti, Mo, and Mg.

Stephens, Joseph R.

1989-01-01

275

Strategic Planning and Strategic Thinking Clothed in STRATEGO  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares experiences that participants had playing the game of STRATEGO and how the activity may be linked to strategic planning and thinking. Among the human performance technology implications of playing this game are that gamers agreed on a framework for rules, took stock on where they wanted to go in the future, and generated a risk…

Baaki, John; Moseley, James L.

2011-01-01

276

Stakeholders and strategic human resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines a stakeholders approach to maintaining training and development, specifically strategic human resource development. Advocates two models of stakeholder management at the strategic level and also examines the issue of stakeholders at the operating level.

Thomas N. Garavan

1995-01-01

277

A Strategic Framework for Proliferation Resistance: A systematic Approach for the Identification and Evaluation of Technology Opportunities to Enhance the Proliferation Resistance of Civilian Nuclear Energy Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States' Department of Energy Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee recently completed a study ''Technological Opportunities To Increase The Proliferation Resistance Of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems (TOPS).'' That effort included the development of a set of both intrinsic and extrinsic barriers to proliferation that technologies can directly impact. In this paper we will review these barriers as and

J A Hassberger; T Isaacs; R N Schock

2001-01-01

278

Idaho National Laboratory/Nuclear Power Industry Strategic Plan for Light Water Reactor Research and Development An Industry-Government Partnership to Address Climate Change and Energy Security  

SciTech Connect

The dual issues of energy security and climate change mitigation are driving a renewed debate over how to best provide safe, secure, reliable and environmentally responsible electricity to our nation. The combination of growing energy demand and aging electricity generation infrastructure suggests major new capacity additions will be required in the years ahead.

Electric Power Research

2007-11-01

279

Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 Strategic Plan 2012-2014  

E-print Network

Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 1 Strategic Plan 2012-2014 www.tcd.ie/tcbr #12;Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 2 TCBR Strategic Plan 2012-2014 Mission statement The mission of Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research (TCBR) is to bring together

O'Mahony, Donal E.

280

Underground Coal Gasification at Tennessee Colony  

E-print Network

The Tennessee Colony In Situ Coal Gasification Project conducted by Basic Resources Inc. is the most recent step in Texas Utilities Company's ongoing research into the utilization of Texas lignite. The project, an application of the Soviet...

Garrard, C. W.

1979-01-01

281

Rhetorics of Colonialism in Visual Documentation.  

E-print Network

??The original face-to-face encounter of American Indians in portraits and pictorial field studies reiterates the encounter between the colonial state, settlers and Indigenous communities. Mechanical… (more)

Paakspuu, Linda Kalli

2014-01-01

282

Identification of a Colonial Chordate Histocompatibility Gene  

PubMed Central

Histocompatibility is the basis by which multicellular organisms of the same species distinguish self from non-self. Relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying histocompatibility reactions in lower organisms. Botryllus schlosseri is a colonial urochordate, a sister group of vertebrates, that exhibits a genetically determined natural transplantation reaction, whereby self-recognition between colonies leads to formation of parabionts with a common vasculature, whereas rejection occurs between incompatible colonies. Using genetically defined lines, whole-transcriptome sequencing, and genomics, we identified a single gene that encodes self/non-self and determines “graft” outcomes in this organism. This gene is significantly upregulated in colonies poised to undergo fusion or rejection, is highly expressed in the vasculature, and is functionally linked to histocompatibility outcomes. These findings establish a platform for advancing the science of allorecognition. PMID:23888037

Voskoboynik, Ayelet; Newman, Aaron M.; Corey, Daniel M.; Sahoo, Debashis; Pushkarev, Dmitry; Neff, Norma F.; Passarelli, Benedetto; Koh, Winston; Ishizuka, Katherine J.; Palmeri, Karla J.; Dimov, Ivan K.; Keasar, Chen; Fan, H. Christina; Mantalas, Gary L.; Sinha, Rahul; Penland, Lolita; Quake, Stephen R.; Weissman, Irving L.

2013-01-01

283

Application of continuous monitoring of honeybee colonies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Monitoring physical variables associated with honey bee colonies, including weight, temperature, humidity, respiratory gases, vibration, acoustics and forager traffic, in a continuous manner is becoming feasible for most researchers as the cost and size of electronic sensors and dataloggers decrease...

284

History: The Colonial Williamsburg Official History Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Colonial Williamsburg has been a popular destination for American history buffs for eight decades, and they continue to impress with their fine website dedicated to providing biographies, essays, and articles on "the everyday life of extraordinary Americans." Visitors can read biographies of people who inhabited colonial-era Williamsburg, listen to their fife and drums corps, and tour the town. One area that is definitely worth a look is the "Gardens" section of the site. Here visitors can learn about the landscape restoration work on the site, the history of the gardens, and read the gardener's blog. Further along, the "Clothing" area includes narrative descriptions of men's clothing, women's clothing, and African American clothing during colonial times. Also, visitors can dress a colonial person from head to toe in the interactive adventure, "Dressing the Part". The site is rounded out by a "Conferences, Forums, and Workshops" area that includes information about their scholarly activities and upcoming forums.

285

ColonyArea: An ImageJ Plugin to Automatically Quantify Colony Formation in Clonogenic Assays  

PubMed Central

The clonogenic or colony formation assay is a widely used method to study the number and size of cancer cell colonies that remain after irradiation or cytotoxic agent administration and serves as a measure for the anti-proliferative effect of these treatments. Alternatively, this assay is used to quantitate the transforming potential of cancer associated genes and chemical agents. Therefore, there is a need for a simplified and standardized analysis of colony formation assays for both routine laboratory use and for parallelized automated analysis. Here we describe the freely available ImageJ-plugin “ColonyArea”, which is optimized for rapid and quantitative analysis of focus formation assays conducted in 6- to 24-well dishes. ColonyArea processes image data of multi-well dishes, by separating, concentrically cropping and background correcting well images individually, before colony formation is quantitated. Instead of counting the number of colonies, ColonyArea determines the percentage of area covered by crystal violet stained cell colonies, also taking the intensity of the staining and therefore cell density into account. We demonstrate that these parameters alone or in combination allow for robust quantification of IC50 values of the cytotoxic effect of two staurosporines, UCN-01 and staurosporine (STS) on human glioblastoma cells (T98G). The relation between the potencies of the two compounds compared very well with that obtained from an absorbance based method to quantify colony growth and to published data. The ColonyArea ImageJ plugin provides a simple and efficient analysis routine to quantitate assay data of one of the most commonly used cellular assays. The bundle is freely available for download as supporting information. We expect that ColonyArea will be of broad utility for cancer biologists, as well as clinical radiation scientists. PMID:24647355

Kaur, Amanpreet; Westermarck, Jukka; Abankwa, Daniel

2014-01-01

286

Physical Plant Strategic Plan 2010 PHYSICAL PLANT  

E-print Network

Physical Plant Strategic Plan ­ 2010 1 PHYSICAL PLANT 2010 STRATEGIC PLAN Strategic Planning and Assessment Reports MISSION STATEMENT The Physical Plant provides building and service environments conducive Physical Plant will be recognized both within the university and externally as an efficient and effective

Westfall, Peter H.

287

Indian Strategic Thinking about East Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the end of the Cold War, India's strategic horizons have moved beyond its traditional preoccupations in South Asia. India is developing a strategic role in East Asia in particular. At the same time India's strategic thinking has undergone a revolution, as the country that prided itself on non-alignment has moved closer to the West. But India's culture, history and

David Brewster

2011-01-01

288

Strategic quality management for the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – As the key to value creation, construction firms should treat quality as a strategic issue. However, strategic quality management (SQM) is still a relatively new concept for construction firms. This paper aims to examine the application of the strategic treatise, Sun Tzu's Art of War with SQM in the construction industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two sets of 20 statements

Low Sui Pheng; Sze Hui Hong

2005-01-01

289

Automated Knowledge Acquisition for Strategic Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic knowledge is used by an agent to decide what action to perform next, where actions have consequences external to the agent. This article presents a computer-mediated method for acquiring strategic knowledge. The general knowledge acquisition problem and the special difficulties of acquiring strategic knowledge are analyzed in terms of representation mismatch: the difference between the form in which knowledge

Thomas R. Gruber

1989-01-01

290

Collaborative Strategic Planning: Myth or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept and practice of strategic planning, while entrenched in educational institutions in the West, is just catching on in Kenya. While literature emphasizes the importance of collaborative strategic planning, it does not indicate the challenges presented by collaboratively engaging in strategic planning. This article reports on findings of…

Mbugua, Flora; Rarieya, Jane F. A.

2014-01-01

291

UW-Milwaukee Strategic Planning Core Team  

E-print Network

" because there will be further wordsmithing when governance groups weigh in later. 3. Strategic PlanningUW-Milwaukee Strategic Planning Core Team Minutes Tuesday, December 18, 2012 Regents Room, Chapman Schematic (attached) Strategic planning and action time line was disseminated to team Explained

Saldin, Dilano

292

Promise or Peril: The Strategic Defense Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major policy debate touched off by President Reagan's March 1983 speech announcing the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was the reopening of one that had begun 35 years before. Then and now the ultimate question is what kind of strategic posture is most likely to contribute to mutual strategic stability? The answer is central to national…

Brzezinski, Zbigniew, Ed.; And Others

293

The role of scenarios in strategic foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the role of scenarios in strategic foresight. It starts by discussing the need for strategic foresight over the next decade, and a set of qualities, structures and processes that facilitate the use of strategic foresight for renewal. The author describes two roles of scenarios in supporting these processes — scenarios as mental models, and through providing a

Gill Ringland

2010-01-01

294

Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 2013  

E-print Network

Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 ­ 2013 Published by the Wisconsin Department preventable traffic death is one too many Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 ­ 2013 Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan for 2011-2013. This document provides background and details about highway

Sheridan, Jennifer

295

Pathogen webs in collapsing honey bee colonies.  

PubMed

Recent losses in honey bee colonies are unusual in their severity, geographical distribution, and, in some cases, failure to present recognized characteristics of known disease. Domesticated honey bees face numerous pests and pathogens, tempting hypotheses that colony collapses arise from exposure to new or resurgent pathogens. Here we explore the incidence and abundance of currently known honey bee pathogens in colonies suffering from Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), otherwise weak colonies, and strong colonies from across the United States. Although pathogen identities differed between the eastern and western United States, there was a greater incidence and abundance of pathogens in CCD colonies. Pathogen loads were highly covariant in CCD but not control hives, suggesting that CCD colonies rapidly become susceptible to a diverse set of pathogens, or that co-infections can act synergistically to produce the rapid depletion of workers that characterizes the disorder. We also tested workers from a CCD-free apiary to confirm that significant positive correlations among pathogen loads can develop at the level of individual bees and not merely as a secondary effect of CCD. This observation and other recent data highlight pathogen interactions as important components of bee disease. Finally, we used deep RNA sequencing to further characterize microbial diversity in CCD and non-CCD hives. We identified novel strains of the recently described Lake Sinai viruses (LSV) and found evidence of a shift in gut bacterial composition that may be a biomarker of CCD. The results are discussed with respect to host-parasite interactions and other environmental stressors of honey bees. PMID:22927991

Cornman, R Scott; Tarpy, David R; Chen, Yanping; Jeffreys, Lacey; Lopez, Dawn; Pettis, Jeffery S; vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Evans, Jay D

2012-01-01

296

Biomimicry: Further Insights from Ant Colonies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomimicry means learning from nature. Well known examples include physical structures such as the Velcro fastener. But natural\\u000a selection has also “engineered” mechanisms by which the components of adaptive biological systems are organized. For example,\\u000a natural selection has caused the foragers in an ant colony to cooperate and communicate in order to increase the total foraging\\u000a success of the colony.

Francis L. W. Ratnieks

2007-01-01

297

Pathogen Webs in Collapsing Honey Bee Colonies  

PubMed Central

Recent losses in honey bee colonies are unusual in their severity, geographical distribution, and, in some cases, failure to present recognized characteristics of known disease. Domesticated honey bees face numerous pests and pathogens, tempting hypotheses that colony collapses arise from exposure to new or resurgent pathogens. Here we explore the incidence and abundance of currently known honey bee pathogens in colonies suffering from Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), otherwise weak colonies, and strong colonies from across the United States. Although pathogen identities differed between the eastern and western United States, there was a greater incidence and abundance of pathogens in CCD colonies. Pathogen loads were highly covariant in CCD but not control hives, suggesting that CCD colonies rapidly become susceptible to a diverse set of pathogens, or that co-infections can act synergistically to produce the rapid depletion of workers that characterizes the disorder. We also tested workers from a CCD-free apiary to confirm that significant positive correlations among pathogen loads can develop at the level of individual bees and not merely as a secondary effect of CCD. This observation and other recent data highlight pathogen interactions as important components of bee disease. Finally, we used deep RNA sequencing to further characterize microbial diversity in CCD and non-CCD hives. We identified novel strains of the recently described Lake Sinai viruses (LSV) and found evidence of a shift in gut bacterial composition that may be a biomarker of CCD. The results are discussed with respect to host-parasite interactions and other environmental stressors of honey bees. PMID:22927991

Cornman, R. Scott; Tarpy, David R.; Chen, Yanping; Jeffreys, Lacey; Lopez, Dawn; Pettis, Jeffery S.; vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Evans, Jay D.

2012-01-01

298

Strategic Interventions in Hospital Transitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes two different strategic interventions designed to provide emotional and practical support to employees during downsizing in two large urban hospitals. The first program was hospital-wide and developed by a team of human resource professionals. The second program was smaller in scale and designed for a single hospital department. Both programs were initiated to minimize the negative impact

Emily J. Stein; Ellen Perlman Simon; Kathleen Wade

1997-01-01

299

Persistent equilibria in strategic games  

Microsoft Academic Search

A perfect equilibrium [Selten] can be viewed as a Nash equilibrium with certain properties of local stability. Simple examples show that a stronger notion of local stability is needed to eliminate unreasonable Nash equilibria. The persistent equilibrium is such a notion. Properties of this solution are studied. In particular, it is shown that in each strategic game there exists a

E. Kalai; D. Samet

1984-01-01

300

Strategic Communication: An Institutional Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Institutional theory and institutionalization improve our understanding of strategic communication, but are largely neglected in communication research. This article discusses the varying perspectives of institutional theory and their benefits for broadening the theoretical foundation of communication management. Institutional theory is no monolithic concept but covers different schools and camps. Three main branches of institutional theory—new institutional economics, historical and political

Swaran Sandhu

2009-01-01

301

Research Computing Strategic Planning Report  

E-print Network

8/7/06 Research Computing Strategic Planning Report Product of: Research Computing Advisory Group://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/cyber #12;2 Research Computing Advisory Group Members Gary K. Allen Vice President for Information. Davis Croft Professor Electrical & Computer Engineering Joe Forrester Research Associate Molecular

Noble, James S.

302

Strategic defenses and arms control  

SciTech Connect

This book is an inquiry into the question of whether strategic defense systems can actually help promote arms control and, therefore, reduce the risk of nuclear war. It is based on the presupposition that, if feasible, a defense-dominated world would be safer and more desirable than the present world situation, which is kept in check by the rules of mutual assured destruction.

Weinberg, A.M.; Barkenbus, J.N.

1987-01-01

303

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve. The introduction and summary briefly discuss program background and major activities of the quarter. Section II describes site development. Oil acquisition activities are reported in Section III. Information on the budget and cost of the Reserve is contained in Section IV. Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage capacity reached 581.3 million barrels. The total inventory of crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 550, 055,724 barrels. The average fill rate during the quarter was 56,239 barrels per day, and the weighted average delivered price during this quarter was $15.99 per barrel. The average fill rate through the third quarter of fiscal year 1988 was 59,000 barrels per day. Funds available for obligation in fiscal year 1988 include $439 million in the SPR Petroleum Account for the acquisition and transportation of crude oil and $232 million in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account for activities associated with storage facilities development and the operation and management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

Not Available

1988-08-15

304

Strategic petroleum reserves in Maine  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluation was made to determine if the State of Maine should develop a State petroleum storage reserve to protect its economic and social vitality against future petroleum shortages. The requirements for residual oil are delineated and alternate storage options are described. The adequacy of the National Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program (S.P.R.) as a tool for alleviating shortfalls of residual

Tibbetts

1977-01-01

305

Strategic petroleum reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1991, through March 31, 1991. A special section is also included discussing the January 1991 drawdown and distribution of crude oil. 8 tabs.

Not Available

1991-05-15

306

Liquid Hydrogen Strategic Directions for  

E-print Network

Liquid Hydrogen Delivery Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop May 7-8, 2003 Crystal even with incremental technology Group a little light on technical expertise, but feel captured main technology Relatively mature field of study ­ government funding needed for incremental improvements

307

Strategic Defense Initiative Organization. Directive  

SciTech Connect

The Directive reissues DoD Directive 5141.5, February 21, 1986, and establishes, pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary of Defense under Title 10, United States Code, and National Security Decision Directive 119, January 6, 1984, the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization as an agency of the Department of Defense with responsibilities, functions, relationships, and authorities as prescribed herein.

Furtner, R.

1987-06-04

308

Smithsonian Institution 2013 Strategic Sustainability  

E-print Network

Smithsonian Institution 2013 Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan Office of Facilities for learning and teaching. The Smithsonian has been, and must be, sustainable for generations to come sustainability planning and performance. Therefore we include them in this plan, for example in the number

Mathis, Wayne N.

309

Systems of strategic environmental assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The consideration of the environmental impacts of policies, plans, and programs--strategic environmental assessment (SEA)--is currently receiving much interest worldwide, but there are few SEA systems in operation. This article looks at a number of existing and proposed SEA systems, particularly those of the United States, Netherlands, and United Kingdom, and the proposed European Community Directive on SEA. It compares and

R Therivel

1993-01-01

310

TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY STRATEGIC PLAN  

E-print Network

TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY STRATEGIC PLAN (revised 2008-09) MISSION STATEMENT Committed to teaching and the advancement of knowledge, Texas Tech University, a comprehensive public research university, provides, and stimulates meaningful research and service to humankind. VISION STATEMENT Texas Tech University

Rock, Chris

311

Library Strategic Plan 2010 2014  

E-print Network

Library Strategic Plan 2010 ­ 2014 `Imperial College embodies and delivers world class scholarship ­ 2014) We in the Library services will do our utmost to support this mission. We recognise that we are living in difficult times, so we must use the College's substantial investment in its Library services

312

Strategic Planning for School Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planners concerned with such matters as high-achieving students, high-performing teachers, broad-based community support, and a two-way involvement with the community must analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats existing in the school's internal and external environment. A sample SWOT analysis is included. (MLH)

Herman, Jerry J.

1993-01-01

313

Strategic Planning in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of strategic planning is to align the institution with the external environment. In fact, it is a complex solution to a complex problem. Environmental change is inevitable and it will always impact one's institution sooner or later. It is better to be proactive, thoughtful, and in charge of change, than to be always in a reactive mode…

Kilfoil, Wendy R.

2003-01-01

314

Strategic Plan Urban Transportation Center  

E-print Network

center for research, education and training in planning, analyzing and modeling urban transportation transportation issues and problems. The center also serves to educate and train the next generation1 Strategic Plan Urban Transportation Center University of Illinois, Chicago March13, 2001

Illinois at Chicago, University of

315

A Strategic Framework for Proliferation Resistance: A systematic Approach for the Identification and Evaluation of Technology Opportunities to Enhance the Proliferation Resistance of Civilian Nuclear Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

The United States' Department of Energy Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee recently completed a study ''Technological Opportunities To Increase The Proliferation Resistance Of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems (TOPS).'' That effort included the development of a set of both intrinsic and extrinsic barriers to proliferation that technologies can directly impact. In this paper we will review these barriers as and framework for assisting in the evaluation of the relative proliferation resistance of various nuclear fuel cycles, technologies and alternatives.

Hassberger, J A; Isaacs, T; Schock, R N

2001-05-11

316

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This quarterly report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1987 through June 30, 1987. The introduction and summary briefly discuss program background and major activities of this quarter. Section II describes site development. Oil acquisition activities are reported in Section III. Other program topics are discussed in Section IV. Information on the budget and cost of the Reserve is contained in Section V. During the second quarter of 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage capacity reached 570 million barrels. At Bryan Mound, final corrective leaching was completed in Cavern 5 whose conversion from sweet to sour crude oil storage is proceeding on schedule. At West Hackberry, leaching was completed for Cavern 115 and proceeded in the four remaining caverns still under development. At the Bayou Choctaw site, Cavern 17 oil fill was initiated; this 10-million-barrel cavern currently contains over five million barrels of oil. At Big Hill, construction has progressed to the point that attainment of leaching capability by the end of September is on schedule. The total inventory of crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 527,186,515 barrels during the quarter ending June 30, 1987. The average fill rate during the quarter was 79,119 barrels per day, and the weighted average delivered price during this quarter was $19.17 per barrel. Funds available for obligation in fiscal year 1987 include $526 million in the SPR Petroleum Account for the acquisition and transportation of crude oil and $262 million in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account for activities associated with storage facilities development and the operation and management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Approximately $23 million of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account funds will be carried over to reduce new budget authority required for the account in fiscal year 1988. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1987-08-15

317

Systems safety analysis manual for Strategic Petroleum Reserve office drilling and completion operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manual provides guidelines for use of the Department of Energy's Management Oversight and Risk Tree (MORT) system to assess Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) drilling, completion and workover programs.

R. J. Nertney; H. B. Butcher

1979-01-01

318

[Energy and environmental research emphasizing low-rank coal]: Task 7.1, Strategic planning. Topical report, February 1, 1994--June 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table (Table 1) and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and I), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.

NONE

1996-01-01

319

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR`s offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR`s crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

Not Available

1992-02-17

320

Work plan for the remedial investigation/feasibility study-environmental assessment for the Colonie site, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

This work plan has been prepared to document the scoping and planning process performed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to support remedial action activities at the Colonie site. The site is located in eastern New York State in the town of Colonie near the city of Albany. Remedial action of the Colonie site is being planned as part of DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. The DOE is responsible for controlling the release of all radioactive and chemical contaminants from the site. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), a remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) must be prepared to support the decision-making process for evaluating remedial action alternatives. This work plan contains a summary of information known about the site as of January 1988, presents a conceptual site model that identifies potential routes of human exposure to site containments, identifies data gaps, and summarizes the process and proposed studies that will be used to fill the data gaps. In addition, DOE activities must be conducted in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), which requires consideration of the environmental consequences of a proposed action as part of its decision-making process. This work also describes the approach that will be used to evaluate potential remedial action alternatives and includes a description of the organization, project controls, and task schedules that will be employed to fulfill the requirements of both CERCLA and NEPA. 48 refs., 18 figs., 25 tabs.

Not Available

1990-06-01

321

COLONY HIGH SCHOOL, 2008 -2009 We are Colony High School, a  

E-print Network

COLONY HIGH SCHOOL, 2008 - 2009 We are Colony High School, a control school in the AEIN Network in our school. AEIN is funded under a $9.3 million grant from the U.S. Department of Education. The ideas and motivation to achieve our goals in school improvement. Roles and responsibilities of leadership were

Pantaleone, Jim

322

Genetic diversity within honeybee colonies prevents severe infections and promotes colony growth.  

PubMed Central

Multiple mating by social insect queens increases the genetic diversity among colony members, thereby reducing intracolony relatedness and lowering the potential inclusive fitness gains of altruistic workers. Increased genetic diversity may be adaptive, however, by reducing the prevalence of disease within a nest. Honeybees, whose queens have the highest levels of multiple mating among social insects, were investigated to determine whether genetic variation helps to prevent chronic infections. I instrumentally inseminated honeybee queens with semen that was either genetically similar (from one male) or genetically diverse (from multiple males), and then inoculated their colonies with spores of Ascosphaera apis, a fungal pathogen that kills developing brood. I show that genetically diverse colonies had a lower variance in disease prevalence than genetically similar colonies, which suggests that genetic diversity may benefit colonies by preventing severe infections. PMID:12596763

Tarpy, David R

2003-01-01

323

Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Continuous Domains Based on Position Distribution Model of Ant Colony Foraging  

PubMed Central

Ant colony optimization algorithm for continuous domains is a major research direction for ant colony optimization algorithm. In this paper, we propose a distribution model of ant colony foraging, through analysis of the relationship between the position distribution and food source in the process of ant colony foraging. We design a continuous domain optimization algorithm based on the model and give the form of solution for the algorithm, the distribution model of pheromone, the update rules of ant colony position, and the processing method of constraint condition. Algorithm performance against a set of test trials was unconstrained optimization test functions and a set of optimization test functions, and test results of other algorithms are compared and analyzed to verify the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. PMID:24955402

Liu, Liqiang; Dai, Yuntao

2014-01-01

324

Extracting strategic value from nuclear assets  

SciTech Connect

Over the past 40 yr, nuclear power has played an increasingly important role as a provider of the electric generation capacity in the US. As expanding technologies and innovative business processes continue to provide for economic growth and development, electricity will grow as a progressively larger share of total energy consumption on both a national and global scale. However, restructuring and deregulation continue to shape the electric utility industry and provide testing platforms for those competitive technologies in power generation. It is important that the nuclear option be closely examined and the appropriate strategies be developed for maintaining and improving the utilization of this valuable resource during this very demanding period of industry transition. The articulation and execution of viable strategies are crucial when considering that (a) 40% of existing nuclear capacity will retire within the next 15 yr and (b) 25% of the current nuclear work force will retire within the next 10 yr. Therefore, nuclear power must be able to identify and extract the strategic values of its intrinsic characteristics and core benefits to continue as an important commodity supplier in this energy marketplace. The authors examine the current competitive energy marketplace and explore the necessary business elements that both executive management and senior technical officers must consider when developing strategies and initiatives for rationalizing and optimizing nuclear assets. Costs alone are not the sole measure of whether nuclear will be operationally competitive in this new marketplace. The key elements and issues of nuclear generation are evaluated in three categories: industry environment, market responses, and strategic options and initiatives. The first two areas are covered in a cursory fashion, enabling the opportunity to develop the last item (options and initiatives) in the context of the activities and expectations of the external marketplace.

Hoke, J.R. II; Grier, C.A.

1999-09-01

325

DOE (US Department of Energy) slates 100,000 bbl/day of oil for SPR (US Strategic Petroleum Reserves) by December 1  

SciTech Connect

DOE, which has been criticized by members of the US House of Representatives Energy and Power Subcommittee for delaying the filling of SPR, has announced that it will start adding 100,000 bbl/day of oil to SPR by 12/1/80. According to A. Chayes (Department of Energy), the oil will be acquired through swaps for Elk Hills field Naval Petroleum Reserves crude. DOE has signed a contract to buy Pacific Refining Company's 10,000 bbl/day of oil from Elk Hills. The oil will be moved to the West Hackberry, LA, SPR storage cavern through the ARCO Four Corners Pipeline. According to J. Dingell (US Congress), SPR could at present, be filled at a 500,000-600,000 bbl/day rate. Chayes said that DOE agrees that 100,000 bbl/day is a minimal and suboptimal rate.

Chayes, A.; Dingell, J.

1980-09-22

326

Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study  

PubMed Central

Background Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to better characterize CCD and compare risk factor exposure between populations afflicted by and not afflicted by CCD. Methods and Principal Findings Of 61 quantified variables (including adult bee physiology, pathogen loads, and pesticide levels), no single measure emerged as a most-likely cause of CCD. Bees in CCD colonies had higher pathogen loads and were co-infected with a greater number of pathogens than control populations, suggesting either an increased exposure to pathogens or a reduced resistance of bees toward pathogens. Levels of the synthetic acaricide coumaphos (used by beekeepers to control the parasitic mite Varroa destructor) were higher in control colonies than CCD-affected colonies. Conclusions/Significance This is the first comprehensive survey of CCD-affected bee populations that suggests CCD involves an interaction between pathogens and other stress factors. We present evidence that this condition is contagious or the result of exposure to a common risk factor. Potentially important areas for future hypothesis-driven research, including the possible legacy effect of mite parasitism and the role of honey bee resistance to pesticides, are highlighted. PMID:19649264

vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Evans, Jay D.; Saegerman, Claude; Mullin, Chris; Haubruge, Eric; Nguyen, Bach Kim; Frazier, Maryann; Frazier, Jim; Cox-Foster, Diana; Chen, Yanping; Underwood, Robyn; Tarpy, David R.; Pettis, Jeffery S.

2009-01-01

327

Strategic Defense Initiative - an overview  

SciTech Connect

A general framework for developing the concept and implementing options for strategic ballistic missile defense systems is emerging. The objective of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) program is to conduct research on those technologies for defensive system which could intercept ballistic missiles after they have been launched and prevent them from hitting their targets. Its goal is to acquire the technical knowledge as a basis for a later decision on deployment, not a program for deployment or star wars. Abrahamson reviews the basic technological questions facing researchers, outlines the multi-layered defense possibilities and summarizes the status of technology to date. He argues for a continuity of resources to conduct the program. 4 figures.

Abrahamson, J.A.

1985-01-01

328

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2012-01-01

329

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

330

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2014-01-01

331

Strategic Tool Use: Domino Math  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This professional development video clip of students engaged in Common Core Practice Standard #5- Use appropriate tools strategically, shows a classroom of kindergarten students exploring properties of addition utilizing dominoes. Through this clip, Mrs. Wright demonstrates how to use dominoes to show addition sentences and begins to lay the framework for the zero property and commutative property. Additional resources include a video transcript and teaching tips.

Boston, Wghb

2013-01-01

332

The Colonie FUSRAP Site: CY2002 Situation Report  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a summary of accomplishments at the Colonie FUSRAP Site in Fiscal Year 2002. During this period several significant milestones were achieved and have set the stage for the project to be completed in a more comprehensive manner, ahead of schedule and at a lower cost than the original Remedial Plan inherited from the Dept of Energy in 1997. Discussion of the DOE and subsequent USACE remedial plans is included along with summary level discussions of the key site infrastructure and remedial elements.

Sheeran, A. R.; Dufek, K.; Moore, J.

2003-02-26

333

Multi-Megawatt Gas Turbine Power Systems for Lunar Colonies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A concept for development of second generation 10 MWe prototype lunar power plant utilizing a gas cooled fission reactor supplying heated helium working fluid to two parallel 5 MWe closed cycle gas turbines is presented. Such a power system is expected to supply the energy needs for an initial lunar colony with a crew of up to 50 persons engaged in mining and manufacturing activities. System performance and mass details were generated by an author developed code (BRMAPS). The proposed pilot power plant can be a model for future plants of the same capacity that could be tied to an evolutionary lunar power grid.

Juhasz, Albert J.

2006-01-01

334

Strategic plan 1994  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories faces institutional challenges that are unique in its history. Never before have the national laboratories been viewed so critically, and never before has their role been the subject of such study and debate. At the same time, the opporunities to render `exceptional service in the national interest` have never been greater. The business of Sandia today and into the foreseeable future will rely on a strong, integrated technical foundation, represented most fundamentally by its core competencies. While is is impossible to foresee precisely what missions Sandia will pursue many years from now, one thing is clear: Central to its service to the nation will be the application of science-based engineering skills to the stewardship of the nuclear weapons stockpile. Whether on not the nation ever builds a new nuclear weapon, those that remain in stockpile will require continuous stewardship based on the integration of scientific understanding with experienced systems engineering. Sandia`s steadfast commitment to DOE`s stockpile stewardship mission will also be evident in the production of limited numbers of certain vital weapon components as the weapons production complex is realigned. Complementing this enduring responsibility will be expanded missions in energy, environment, and economic competitiveness. The work for other federal agencies will be jointly sponsored under high-level agreements with DOE. Multi-institutional teams will become a common way of doing business. The multiprogram laboratory model will evolve toward a new model of multi-laboratory programs addressing major national needs. Sandia will be a distinct and important component of an integrated system of national laboratories.

Not Available

1995-03-01

335

ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS, FISCAL YEAR 1997. A REPORT BY THE COUNCIL OF THE STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program was established by Title 10 U.S.C. 2901-2904. The Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) addresses environmental matters of concern to the Department of Defense and the Department of Energy. It...

336

The colonial present: botanical gardens as sites of nationalism, environmentalism and aboriginality in British Columbia.  

E-print Network

??Recent scholarship on post-colonialism highlights the enduring legacies of colonial institutions. This thesis uses ethnographic research and historical analysis to investigate one set of colonial… (more)

Khaledi, Bardia

2010-01-01

337

SUMMARY: STRATEGIC RESEARCH PLAN Strategic Research Plan Summary Revised November 2008 1/5  

E-print Network

SUMMARY: STRATEGIC RESEARCH PLAN Strategic Research Plan Summary Revised November 2008 1 Care Research Institute · TRIUMF · Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute (VCHRI) · Women areas of research excellence as well as those targeted for growth, and are bolst

Michelson, David G.

338

Colony Fusion in a Parthenogenetic Ant, Pristomyrmex punctatus  

PubMed Central

In the ant Pristomyrmex punctatus Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), all young workers lay a small number of eggs parthenogenetically. Some colonies consist of monoclonal individuals that provide high inclusive fitness, according to the kin selection theory. However, in some populations, a majority of the colonies contain multiple lineages. Intracolonial genetic variation of parthenogenetic ants cannot be explained by the multiple mating of single founderesses or by the foundation of a colony by multiple foundresses, which are the usual causes of genetically diverse colonies in social insects. Here, we hypothesized that the fusion of established colonies might facilitate the formation of multiclonal colonies. Colony fusion decreases indirect benefits because of the reduction in intracolonial relatedness. However, when suitable nesting places for overwintering are scarce, colony fusion provides a strategy for the survival of colonies. Here, ants derived from different colonies were allowed to encounter one another in a container with just one nesting place. Initially, high aggression was observed; however, after several days, no aggression was observed and the ants shared the nest. When the fused colonies were allowed to transfer to two alternative nests, ants from different colonies occupied the same nest. This study highlights the importance of limiting the number of nesting places in order to understand the genetic diversity of parthenogenetic ant colonies. PMID:23895053

Satow, Show; Satoh, Toshiyuki; Hirota, Tadao

2013-01-01

339

Colony fusion in a parthenogenetic ant, Pristomyrmex punctatus.  

PubMed

In the ant Pristomyrmex punctatus Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), all young workers lay a small number of eggs parthenogenetically. Some colonies consist of monoclonal individuals that provide high inclusive fitness, according to the kin selection theory. However, in some populations, a majority of the colonies contain multiple lineages. Intracolonial genetic variation of parthenogenetic ants cannot be explained by the multiple mating of single founderesses or by the foundation of a colony by multiple foundresses, which are the usual causes of genetically diverse colonies in social insects. Here, we hypothesized that the fusion of established colonies might facilitate the formation of multiclonal colonies. Colony fusion decreases indirect benefits because of the reduction in intracolonial relatedness. However, when suitable nesting places for overwintering are scarce, colony fusion provides a strategy for the survival of colonies. Here, ants derived from different colonies were allowed to encounter one another in a container with just one nesting place. Initially, high aggression was observed; however, after several days, no aggression was observed and the ants shared the nest. When the fused colonies were allowed to transfer to two alternative nests, ants from different colonies occupied the same nest. This study highlights the importance of limiting the number of nesting places in order to understand the genetic diversity of parthenogenetic ant colonies. PMID:23895053

Satow, Show; Satoh, Toshiyuki; Hirota, Tadao

2013-01-01

340

Subtask 7.1 - Strategic Studies  

SciTech Connect

The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) has recently completed 11 years of research through the Cooperative Agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) focused on fossil energy technology development and demonstration. To support a significant number of the different activities being considered within all of our research contracts with NETL, a subtask (7.1 Strategic Studies) was created to focus on small research efforts that came up throughout the year which would support an existing EERC-NETL project or would help to develop a new concept for inclusion in future efforts. Typical efforts conducted under this task were usually between $15,000 and $60,000 in scope and had time lines of less than 6 months. A limited number of larger studies were also conducted, generally at the direct request of NETL. Over the life of this task, 46 projects were conducted. These efforts ranged from quick experiments to gain fundamental knowledge to support a current effort, to literature reviews, to a few larger engineering efforts.

Thomas Erickson

2009-03-30

341

Strategic defense initiative: Folly or future  

SciTech Connect

This collection of analyses is a guide through the maze of claims and criticisms about ''Star Wars,'' the controversial effort of the Reagan administration to reorient United States nuclear strategy to strategic defense. The text starts with an introduction by the editors followed by individual chapters outlining the strategic defense initiative as originally conceived and subsequently modified by the Reagan administration; the arguments for and against the plan's strategic and technical feasibility; and assessments of the harmful and constructive effects of strategic defense on U.S.-Soviet and U.S.-allied relations.

Haley, P.E.; Merritt, J.

1986-01-01

342

The Colonialism of the English Only Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that attempts to institute proper and effective methods of educating non English speaking students cannot be reduced simply to issues of language, but rest on a full understanding of the ideological elements that generate and sustain linguistic, cultural, and racial discrimination, which represent vestiges of a colonial legacy in today's…

Macedo, Donaldo

2000-01-01

343

Colonialism, state and policing in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Police forces in Nigeria have been variously described as corrupt, oppressive and subservient to the whims and caprices of the government of the day. This paper analyses the development of police forces in Nigeria since the era of British colonial domination in the country. Police corruption and repression in Nigeria is analyzed in the context of the wider political and

Etannibi E. O. Alemika

1993-01-01

344

Fire protection for a Martian colony  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fire prevention failures that occurred in Apollo 1 and Challenger accidents are reviewed and used to discuss fire protection measures that should be taken in a Martian colony. Fire detection systems, classes of fire, and suppression agents are described. The organization of fire fighting personnel appropriate for Mars is addressed.

Robert M. Beattie Jr.

1989-01-01

345

Fire protection for a Martian colony  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fire prevention failures that occurred in Apollo 1 and Challenger accidents are reviewed and used to discuss fire protection measures that should be taken in a Martian colony. Fire detection systems, classes of fire, and suppression agents are described. The organization of fire fighting personnel appropriate for Mars is addressed.

Beattie, Robert M., Jr.

346

Detection of Campylobacter Colonies using Hyperspectral Imaging  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Isolation and detection of Campylobacter in foods via direct plating involves lengthy laboratory procedures including enrichments and microaerobic incubations, which take several days to a week. The incubation time for growing Campylobacter colonies in agar media is typically 24 hours to 48 hours. F...

347

Colonial Newspaper Reaction to the Somerset Decision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine colonial American press coverage of the British court decision to free American slave James Somerset, a study was conducted to clarify why the decision worked as a victory for British abolitionists but was usually cited even in post-Revolution America in the passage of increasingly oppressive slave legislation. Twenty-three of the…

Bradley, Patricia

348

Interpretación económica del último periodo colonial mexicano  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent contributions, some economic historians established the existence of a crisis in the mining industry during the late colonial period in Mexico. Nevertheless, their arguments are weaken if we consider the effects of the mining sector on the rest of the economy. We will show that the decline in the price of silver in terms of maize was caused

Carlos A. Ponzio de León

1998-01-01

349

Project Final Report: HPC-Colony II  

SciTech Connect

This report recounts the HPC Colony II Project which was a computer science effort funded by DOE's Advanced Scientific Computing Research office. The project included researchers from ORNL, IBM, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The topic of the effort was adaptive system software for extreme scale parallel machines. A description of findings is included.

Jones, Terry R [ORNL; Kale, Laxmikant V [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Moreira, Jose [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center

2013-11-01

350

Buckling instability in ordered bacterial colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bacterial colonies often exhibit complex spatio-temporal organization. This collective behavior is affected by a multitude of factors ranging from the properties of individual cells (shape, motility, membrane structure) to chemotaxis and other means of cell-cell communication. One of the important but often overlooked mechanisms of spatio-temporal organization is direct mechanical contact among cells in dense colonies such as biofilms. While in natural habitats all these different mechanisms and factors act in concert, one can use laboratory cell cultures to study certain mechanisms in isolation. Recent work demonstrated that growth and ensuing expansion flow of rod-like bacteria Escherichia coli in confined environments leads to orientation of cells along the flow direction and thus to ordering of cells. However, the cell orientational ordering remained imperfect. In this paper we study one mechanism responsible for the persistence of disorder in growing cell populations. We demonstrate experimentally that a growing colony of nematically ordered cells is prone to the buckling instability. Our theoretical analysis and discrete-element simulations suggest that the nature of this instability is related to the anisotropy of the stress tensor in the ordered cell colony.

Boyer, Denis; Mather, William; Mondragón-Palomino, Octavio; Orozco-Fuentes, Sirio; Danino, Tal; Hasty, Jeff; Tsimring, Lev S.

2011-04-01

351

Order and instabilities in dense bacterial colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure of cell colonies is governed by the interplay of many physical and biological factors, ranging from properties of surrounding media to cell-cell communication and gene expression in individual cells. The biomechanical interactions arising from the growth and division of individual cells in confined environments are ubiquitous, yet little work has focused on this fundamental aspect of colony formation. By combining experimental observations of growing monolayers of non-motile strain of bacteria Escherichia coli in a shallow microfluidic chemostat with discrete-element simulations and continuous theory, we demonstrate that expansion of a dense colony leads to rapid orientational alignment of rod-like cells. However, in larger colonies, anisotropic compression may lead to buckling instability which breaks perfect nematic order. Furthermore, we found that in shallow cavities feedback between cell growth and mobility in a confined environment leads to a novel cell streaming instability. Joint work with W. Mather, D. Volfson, O. Mondrag'on-Palomino, T. Danino, S. Cookson, and J. Hasty (UCSD) and D. Boyer, S. Orozco-Fuentes (UNAM, Mexico).

Tsimring, Lev

2012-02-01

352

Colonial Continuities and Educational Inequalities in Indonesia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the effect of 350 years of Dutch colonial rule upon Indonesian educational policies and the resulting regional inequalities in education. It was Dutch policy not to educate most of the children from the poorer social classes, but to use education to maintain and strengthen the existing social structure. Education was also used…

Carpenter, Harold F., Jr.

353

Economic Development of British Colonial America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

Serena Zabin

354

Insights & Perspectives Colony Collapse Disorder in context  

E-print Network

large- scale die-offs of honey bees around the world, and has sparked enormous interest from both the winter of 2008/2009, $10% of the 2.3 million managed honey bee colonies in the US died with ``CCD most important monoculture crops still benefits from this ecosystem service [2]. Western honey bees

Shutler, Dave

355

Extractive Institutions in Colonial Africa Federico Tadei  

E-print Network

the long-term effects of colonial trade monopsonies and coercive #12;vi labor institutions. By combining of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California of Technology for providing me with a productive and enjoyable research environment. I am deeply indebted to my

Winfree, Erik

356

Strategic offense vs strategic defense: going back for the future. Student report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), started by President Reagan, was originally chartered to explore the key technolgies permitted by the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty so future Presidents and Congresses will have the technical options to start on development and deployment of a strategic defense system. This article establishes the fact and decisions to reduce current or future funding for strategic offensive

1986-01-01

357

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, [January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq`s invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department`s crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

Not Available

1992-05-15

358

A Quantitative Model of Honey Bee Colony Population Dynamics  

PubMed Central

Since 2006 the rate of honey bee colony failure has increased significantly. As an aid to testing hypotheses for the causes of colony failure we have developed a compartment model of honey bee colony population dynamics to explore the impact of different death rates of forager bees on colony growth and development. The model predicts a critical threshold forager death rate beneath which colonies regulate a stable population size. If death rates are sustained higher than this threshold rapid population decline is predicted and colony failure is inevitable. The model also predicts that high forager death rates draw hive bees into the foraging population at much younger ages than normal, which acts to accelerate colony failure. The model suggests that colony failure can be understood in terms of observed principles of honey bee population dynamics, and provides a theoretical framework for experimental investigation of the problem. PMID:21533156

Khoury, David S.; Myerscough, Mary R.; Barron, Andrew B.

2011-01-01

359

A quantitative model of honey bee colony population dynamics.  

PubMed

Since 2006 the rate of honey bee colony failure has increased significantly. As an aid to testing hypotheses for the causes of colony failure we have developed a compartment model of honey bee colony population dynamics to explore the impact of different death rates of forager bees on colony growth and development. The model predicts a critical threshold forager death rate beneath which colonies regulate a stable population size. If death rates are sustained higher than this threshold rapid population decline is predicted and colony failure is inevitable. The model also predicts that high forager death rates draw hive bees into the foraging population at much younger ages than normal, which acts to accelerate colony failure. The model suggests that colony failure can be understood in terms of observed principles of honey bee population dynamics, and provides a theoretical framework for experimental investigation of the problem. PMID:21533156

Khoury, David S; Myerscough, Mary R; Barron, Andrew B

2011-01-01

360

National Center for Combating Terrorism Strategic Plan, September 2003  

SciTech Connect

National Center for Combating Terrorism Strategic Plan is to document the mission, vision, and goals for success; define the build plan; and describe initiatives that support the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Justice, intelligence community, National Governors Association, and other organizations or departments with combating terrorism training, testing, and technology responsibilities.

Bechtel Nevada

2003-09-01

361

Strategic Directions 2010-2012  

E-print Network

on improving undergraduate retention and education, raising KU’s scholarly and #31;#20; #20;#16;#31;#18;#23;#1;#29;#31;#28;)#25;#20; #1;#16;#27;#19;#1;#20;#27; "#31;#24;#27;#22;#1; #14;#1;#23;#16; #1;!#23;#20;#1;#31;#20; #28;"#31;#18;#20; #1;!#28;#1...;#16;#18;#18;#28;#26;#29;#25;#24; #23;#1;!#23;#20; #20;#1;#16;#27;#19;#1;#28;!#23;#20;#31;#1; critical priorities. This vision demands an alignment of the libraries’ strategic directions and goals to support the university. Accordingly, the plan includes new initiatives that address...

2009-11-01

362

Strategic planning for radiology: opening an outpatient diagnostic imaging center.  

PubMed

Launching a new diagnostic imaging center involves very specific requirements and roadmaps, including five major areas of change that have a direct impact on planning: Imaging and communication technology Finances and reimbursement Ownership structure of imaging entities Critical workforce shortages Imaging is moving outside radiology First, planning must focus on the strategic level of any organization, whether it is a multi-national corporation or a six-person radiology group. Think of all organizations as a triangle with three horizontal levels: strategic, managerial and operational. The strategic level of decision-making is at the top of the triangle, and here is where planning must take place. For strategic planning to work, there must be focused time and energy spent on this activity, usually away from the reading room and imaging center. There are five planning strategies, which must have the explicit goal of developing and growing the imaging center. The five strategies are: Clinical and quality issues, Governance and administration, Technology, Relationships, Marketing and business development. The best way to plan and implement these strategies is to create work groups of radiologists, technologists, and administrative and support staff. Once the group agrees on the strategy and tactic, it takes responsibility for implementation. Embarking on the launch of a new outpatient diagnostic imaging center is no small undertaking, and anyone who has struggled with such an endeavor can readily attest to the associated challenges and benefits. Success depends on many things, and one of the most important factors relates to the amount of time and the quality of effort spent on strategic planning at the outset. Neglecting or skimping on this phase may lead to unforeseen obstacles that could potentially derail the project. PMID:12800560

Leepson, Evan

2003-01-01

363

The hyper-cube framework for ant colony optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony optimization is a metaheuristic approach belonging to the class of model-based search algorithms. In this paper, we propose a new framework for implementing ant colony optimization algorithms called the hyper-cube framework for ant colony optimization. In contrast to the usual way of implementing ant colony optimization algorithms, this framework limits the pheromone values to the interval [0,1]. This

Christian Blum; Marco Dorigo

2004-01-01

364

Pervious Pavement A Strategic Plan For NYC DOT  

E-print Network

Pervious Pavement A Strategic Plan For NYC DOT Presented By: Rene Brana Spring 2012 Capstone: Pervious Pavement - A Strategic Plan for NYC DOT 2 Capstone: Pervious Pavement - A Strategic Plan for NYC DOT 3 Image courtesy of

Qian, Ning

365

The Ant Colony Metaphor for Searching Continuous Design Spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a form of dynamical computational system—the ant colony—and presents an ant colony model for continuous space optimisation problems. The ant colony metaphor is applied to a real world heavily constrained engineering design problem. It is capable of accelerating the search process and finding acceptable solutions which otherwise could not be discovered by a GA. By integrating the

George Bilchev; Ian C. Parmee

1995-01-01

366

Oversea Education and British Colonial Education 1929-63.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on an early twentieth century journal called "Oversea Education," designed to increase communication among British colonies, particularly for education, based on William Ormsby Gore's travels among the colonies. Describes Frank Ward's editorial work that championed the rights of colonial subjects to have better educational policy. (KDR)

Whitehead, Clive

2003-01-01

367

Deformed Wing Virus Implicated in Overwintering Honeybee Colony Losses ?  

PubMed Central

The worldwide decline in honeybee colonies during the past 50 years has often been linked to the spread of the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and its interaction with certain honeybee viruses. Recently in the United States, dramatic honeybee losses (colony collapse disorder) have been reported; however, there remains no clear explanation for these colony losses, with parasitic mites, viruses, bacteria, and fungal diseases all being proposed as possible candidates. Common characteristics that most failing colonies share is a lack of overt disease symptoms and the disappearance of workers from what appears to be normally functioning colonies. In this study, we used quantitative PCR to monitor the presence of three honeybee viruses, deformed wing virus (DWV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), and black queen cell virus (BQCV), during a 1-year period in 15 asymptomatic, varroa mite-positive honeybee colonies in Southern England, and 3 asymptomatic colonies confirmed to be varroa mite free. All colonies with varroa mites underwent control treatments to ensure that mite populations remained low throughout the study. Despite this, multiple virus infections were detected, yet a significant correlation was observed only between DWV viral load and overwintering colony losses. The long-held view has been that DWV is relatively harmless to the overall health status of honeybee colonies unless it is in association with severe varroa mite infestations. Our findings suggest that DWV can potentially act independently of varroa mites to bring about colony losses. Therefore, DWV may be a major factor in overwintering colony losses. PMID:19783750

Highfield, Andrea C.; El Nagar, Aliya; Mackinder, Luke C. M.; Noël, Laure M.-L. J.; Hall, Matthew J.; Martin, Stephen J.; Schroeder, Declan C.

2009-01-01

368

Australia and France on Fire: An Anti-Colonial Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professor George Sefa Dei has written and taught extensively in the fields of anti-colonialism and anti-racism. His latest work on the subject is "Anti-Colonialism and Education: The Politics of Resistance," co-edited with Arlo Kempf for Sense Publishers (2006). Dei and Kempf are also co-authoring a forthcoming volume on anti-colonial theory. Arlo…

Dei, George Sefa; Kempf, Arlo

2006-01-01

369

Deformed wing virus implicated in overwintering honeybee colony losses.  

PubMed

The worldwide decline in honeybee colonies during the past 50 years has often been linked to the spread of the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and its interaction with certain honeybee viruses. Recently in the United States, dramatic honeybee losses (colony collapse disorder) have been reported; however, there remains no clear explanation for these colony losses, with parasitic mites, viruses, bacteria, and fungal diseases all being proposed as possible candidates. Common characteristics that most failing colonies share is a lack of overt disease symptoms and the disappearance of workers from what appears to be normally functioning colonies. In this study, we used quantitative PCR to monitor the presence of three honeybee viruses, deformed wing virus (DWV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), and black queen cell virus (BQCV), during a 1-year period in 15 asymptomatic, varroa mite-positive honeybee colonies in Southern England, and 3 asymptomatic colonies confirmed to be varroa mite free. All colonies with varroa mites underwent control treatments to ensure that mite populations remained low throughout the study. Despite this, multiple virus infections were detected, yet a significant correlation was observed only between DWV viral load and overwintering colony losses. The long-held view has been that DWV is relatively harmless to the overall health status of honeybee colonies unless it is in association with severe varroa mite infestations. Our findings suggest that DWV can potentially act independently of varroa mites to bring about colony losses. Therefore, DWV may be a major factor in overwintering colony losses. PMID:19783750

Highfield, Andrea C; El Nagar, Aliya; Mackinder, Luke C M; Noël, Laure M-L J; Hall, Matthew J; Martin, Stephen J; Schroeder, Declan C

2009-11-01

370

Iridovirus and Microsporidian Linked to Honey Bee Colony Decline  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundIn 2010 Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), again devastated honey bee colonies in the USA, indicating that the problem is neither diminishing nor has it been resolved. Many CCD investigations, using sensitive genome-based methods, have found small RNA bee viruses and the microsporidia, Nosema apis and N. ceranae in healthy and collapsing colonies alike with no single pathogen firmly linked to

Jerry J. Bromenshenk; Colin B. Henderson; Charles H. Wick; Michael F. Stanford; Alan W. Zulich; Rabih E. Jabbour; Samir V. Deshpande; Patrick E. McCubbin; Robert A. Seccomb; Phillip M. Welch; Trevor Williams; David R. Firth; Evan Skowronski; Margaret M. Lehmann; Shan L. Bilimoria; Joanna Gress; Kevin W. Wanner; Robert A. Cramer

2010-01-01

371

Brazilian Higher Education from a Post-Colonial Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines Brazilian higher education (HE) politics from a post-colonial perspective. The term "post-colonial" originally referred to a historical period of colonial empires established by European nations. Nowadays, the term commonly distinguishes a field of contemporary studies of "defamiliarisation of the imperial North" made up of…

Leite, Denise

2010-01-01

372

The Genesis of Public Relations in British Colonial Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how the British Colonial Office employed public relations strategies as they administered the British colony of Northern Rhodesia before, during, and after World War II. Demonstrates how civil servants in London and colonial officials implemented public relations policies, strategies, and tactics on an ad hoc basis, covering political…

Smyth, Rosaleen

2001-01-01

373

Amino acids control ammonia pulses in yeast colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individual yeast colonies produce pulses of volatile ammonia separated by phases of medium acidification. Colonies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant defective in the general amino acid permease, Gap1p, exhibit decreased ammonia production. Mutations in the S. cerevisiae amino acid sensor SPS completely abolish the colony ammonia pulses. In contrast, the ammonia pulse production is independent of external concentrations of ammonium and

Blanka Zikánová; Martin Kuthan; Markéta ?i?icová; Jitka Forstová; Zdena Palková

2002-01-01

374

Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research. Final technical report for FY85  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) has extensive facilities and expertise for underground storage of crude oil but limited analytical laboratory capabilities. The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, has extensive experience in petroleum testing and has served as the analytical support laboratory for SPRO

P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay; B. H. Diehl; K. W. Hornung

1985-01-01

375

Teaching Strategic Management with a Business Game.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management games are increasingly used to teaching strategic management by integrating functional areas of business and providing a working knowledge of the strategic management process. This article summarizes the experience of two veteran instructors, presenting course learning objectives, game pedagogy, team organization and management, game…

Knotts, Ulysses S., Jr.; Keys, J. Bernard

1997-01-01

376

NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research  

E-print Network

NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research Efforts to Accelerate Control and Eradication of Malaria Institutes of Health #12;O NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research Executive Summary Malaria remains a leading global public health concern. Although there have been prior attempts to control malaria

Bandettini, Peter A.

377

NASA 2011 Strategic Plan Vision & Mission  

E-print Network

NASA 2011 Strategic Plan Vision & Mission Vision: NASA leads scientific and technological advances, education, innovation, economic vitality, and stewardship of the Earth. #12;NASA 2011 Strategic Plan Goals capabilities to conduct NASA's aeronautics and space activities. · Goal 6: Share NASA with the public

Waliser, Duane E.

378

Risk Management Policy Category: Strategic Management  

E-print Network

1 Risk Management Policy Category: Strategic Management 1. PURPOSE To support the University to achieve its strategic objectives by: assisting business areas make prudent risk-based decisions; enabling high performance across business activities within an agreed risk appetite; promoting risk aware

379

COLLEGE OF PHARMACY AND NUTRITION STRATEGIC PLAN  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF PHARMACY AND NUTRITION STRATEGIC PLAN 2008/09 to 2011/12 October 2007 #12;College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Strategic Plan 2008/09 to 2011/12 i TABLE OF CONTENTS PART ONE: COLLEGE OF PHARMACY......................................................................................................15 4.2 College of Pharmacy Action Plans and Proposal for University Consideration: Summary

Saskatchewan, University of

380

West Michigan Strategic Alliance Greg Northrup, President  

E-print Network

West Michigan Strategic Alliance Greg Northrup, President 951 Wealthy Street SE P.O. Box 68046://www.wm-alliance.org/ The West Michigan Strategic Alliance (WMSA) is a 501 (C)3 not-for-profit organization comprised in creating regional partnerships and collaborations. The vision of WMSA is to make West Michigan a best place

381

The Art of War and Strategic Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching of management is a sociocultural process. The concept of strategic management defines the existing and planned relationship between an organization and its environment. Such relationships are greatly influenced by social, political and economic developments of the society at large. It is argued here that a teacher of strategic management should be aware of the cross-cultural aspects and be able

Priscilla Chu; Olivia Tse

1992-01-01

382

Strategic Orientation of Communication Professionals in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The strategic orientation of European communication professionals was one of the focal points of the European Communication Monitor (ECM) 2010, an annual survey among European communication professionals. In the context of the European way of doing business with the typical dialogical stakeholder approach, strategic versus instrumental action and the reflective dimension of communication that has been found in Europe, the

Piet Verhoeven; Ansgar Zerfass; Ralph Tench

2011-01-01

383

Using Strategic Planning To Improve Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the elements of strategic planning and applies them to educational reform and improvement. The paper also describes how a planning model, Strategic Planning for Educational Reform and Improvement (SPERI), was used by Rural Assistance Councils (RACs) in Pennsylvania and Delaware, with technical assistance from Research for…

D'Amico, Joseph J.

384

Strategic Plan: July 2010 to June 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 15-16, 2010, California State Librarian Stacey A. Aldrich, initiated a strategic planning summit in Sacramento, California. The purpose of the summit was to build the future pathways for the California State Library (CSL)--one of California's oldest cultural institutions. This was accomplished by developing a CSL strategic plan (values,…

California State Library, 2010

2010-01-01

385

Strategic Programming Meets Adaptive Programming Ralf Lammel  

E-print Network

Strategic Programming Meets Adaptive Programming Ralf L¨ammel , Eelco Visser ¡ , and Joost Visser@cs.uu.nl¢ SIG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Joost.Visser@software-improvers.nl ABSTRACT Strategic programming illustrate adaptive traversal. o1 o2 o4 o5 o3 o6 o7 : A : B : D : B : E : F : C The heavy arrows build up

Visser, Joost

386

Strategic petroleum reserve data acquisition system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Data Acquisition System is a general purpose, digital data acquisition system designed for field use in the DOE's Strategic Petroleum Reserve testing and monitoring program. The system is computer driven, under the control of an operator. The system is designed to allow the operator to perform pre-test system configuration; test monitoring and control; and post test

P. D. Merillat; A. G. Bauer

1980-01-01

387

UTEP Jump-Starts Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The context of and the participatory strategic planning process at the University of Texas, El Paso, from 1993 to 1996 is described. The internal and external factors that influence the intensive interactive process are reviewed; the university's conceptual framework for strategic planning is described; and the role of the university's planning…

Andrade, Sally J.

1998-01-01

388

Report Writing Global Strategic Information Group, UCSF  

E-print Network

Report Writing Global Strategic Information Group, UCSF Presented by H. Fisher Raymond, DrPH, MPH Director of Bio-Behavioral Surveillance at SFDPH Deputy Director of Surveillance at Global Strategic levels ­ Prevention and care providers ­ Policy and decision-makers ­ Multiple government sectors ­ Non-government

Mullins, Dyche

389

Strategic Climate Policy in Small, Open Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to environmental interests groups governments should use their climate policy strategically in order to provide for a faster introduction of new, cleaner technologies. Strategic use of climate policy could also induce the development of a successful upstream abatement technology industry like the Danish windmill industry. Interestingly, this latter question has not been analyzed theoretically before. Our point of departure

390

Supply chain management: a strategic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many leading firms in the USA have adopted an integrated strategic approach to purchasing and logistics management known as supply chain management. As the twenty-first century begins, supply chain management has become a significant strategic tool for firms striving to improve quality, customer service and competitive success. This article surveyed senior managers in various industries to study the prevalent supply

Keah Choon Tan; Steven B. Lyman; Joel D. Wisner

2002-01-01

391

Strategic Asset Allocation with Relative Performance Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article analyzes the dynamic portfolio choice implications of strategic interaction among money managers. The strategic interaction is modelled as managers’ having relative performance concerns in their objectives, either due to money flows or behavioral considerations. We pro- vide tractable formulations of relative performance concerns between two risk averse managers in a continuous-time setting, and solve for their equilibrium

Suleyman Basak; Dmitry Makarov

392

Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences San José State University Fall 2010 #12;Rachel O'Malley Faculty in Residence for Sustainability College of Social Sciences San José State University July 30, 2010 Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences, San José State University

Su, Xiao

393

Rocky Mountain Research Station 20142017 Strategic Framework  

E-print Network

Rocky Mountain Research Station 2014­2017 Strategic Framework #12;Rocky Mountain Research Station 240 West Prospect Fort Collins, CO 80526 (970) 498-1100 www.fs.fed.us/rmrs High mountain lake at GLEES (Glacier Lakes Ecosystem Experiments Site) #12;1ROCKY MOUNTAIN RESEARCH STATION -- 2014­2017 STRATEg

394

The strategic value of customer profitability analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to show how intelligence emanating from customer profitability analysis (CPA) can help improve strategic marketing planning. Insights into the profitability of individual customers, as well as the distribution of profitability across the customer base, can lead to better decisions in the areas of managing costs and revenues, managing risks and strategic market

Erik M. van Raaij

2005-01-01

395

Comparing Strategic Voting Under FPTP and PR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on recent work that suggests that voters in proportional representation (PR) systems have incentives to cast strategic votes, the authors hypothesize that levels of strategic voting are similar in both first-past-the-post (FPTP) and PR systems. Comparing vote intentions in majoritarian elections in the United States, Mexico, Britain, and Israel to PR elections in Israel and the Netherlands, the authors

Paul R. Abramson; John H. Aldrich; André Blais; Matthew Diamond; Abraham Diskin; Indridi H. Indridason; Daniel J. Lee; Renan Levine

2010-01-01

396

Strategic environmental assessment: one concept, multiple forms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several approaches to strategic environmental assessment (SEA) have been developed recently, differing, for example, in openness, scope, intensity and duration. Differences stem from the specific contexts in which the SEA processes are meant to be used. This is illustrated with two current SEA processes in the Netherlands for drafting legislation (environmental test), and for plans and programmes (strategic environmental impact

R. A. A. Verheem; J. A. M. N. Tonk

2000-01-01

397

Strategic planning in small high tech companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do managers of small firms operating in the turbulent environment of high tech industries bother to plan for the longer term? Is strategic planning in these firms realistic or indeed feasible? This article presents the findings of an investigation into the strategic planning practices of small high tech firms based on UK science parks. Successful small high tech companies do

Maureen Berry

1998-01-01

398

Alertness management in flight operations - Strategic napping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Strategic napping in two different flight operation environments is considered to illustrate its application as a fatigue countermeasure. Data obtained from commercial short-haul and long-haul operations demonstrated the utility and current practices of strategic napping. A preplanned cockpit nap acted as an acute 'safety valve' for the sleep loss, circadian disruption, and fatigue that occurs in long-haul flying.

Rosekind, Mark R.; Gander, Philippa H.; Dinges, David F.

1991-01-01

399

A Strategic Perspective on Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem and the solution. This article reviews the literature on strategic human resource development. It proposes a model of strategic Human Resource Development (HRD) which is multi-level and focuses on the interactions between context, HRD processes, stakeholder satisfaction, and characteristics of the HRD profession. The article discusses the implications of this model for both research and practice.

Thomas N. Garavan

2007-01-01

400

The emergence of strategic human resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on the emergence of human resource development. Traces the emergence of HRD in the training and development literature. Also examines the extent to which a strategic approach to training and development is practised in industry. Concludes by examining the implications of a move towards a more strategic approach to training and development.

Thomas N. Garavan; Pat Costine; Noreen Heraty

1995-01-01

401

Responding to crisis through strategic knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Many managers would like to take a strategic approach to preparing the organisation to avoid impending crisis but instead find themselves fire-fighting to mitigate its impact. This paper seeks to examine an organisation which made major strategic changes in order to respond to the full effect of a crisis which would be realised over a two to three

Duncan Shaw; Matthew Hall; John S. Edwards; Brad Baker

2007-01-01

402

Strategic bidder behavior in sponsored search auctions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine sponsored search auctions run by Overture (now part of Yahoo!) and Google and present evidence of strategic bidder behavior in these auctions. Between June 15, 2002, and June 14, 2003, we estimate that Overture's revenue might have been higher if it had been able to prevent this strategic behavior. We present an alternative mechanism that could reduce the

Benjamin Edelman; Michael Ostrovsky

2007-01-01

403

Strategic Communication Games: Theory and Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation consists of the three essays about strategic communication games. Strategic communication games are costless sender-receiver games, and address the question of how much information can be credibly transmitted in equilibrium, and what kind of communication environments facilitate information transmission. Ch. 2, “Multidimensional Cheap Talk with Sequential Messages,” considers a multidimensional cheap talk game where there are two senders

Shintaro Miura

2012-01-01

404

Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report, August 15, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of the most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur and a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163), as amended, to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the US under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1994, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1994-08-15

405

Developmental Instability in Incipient Colonies of Social Insects  

PubMed Central

Social insect colonies can provide homeostatic conditions that buffer the incidence of environmental fluctuations on individuals, which have contributed to their ecological success. Coptotermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) is a highly invasive termite genus and several species have important economic impact in many areas of the world. Mature Coptotermes colonies with millions of individuals can provide optimal environmental condition and nurturing capacity for the developing brood. However, it was previously suggested that contrary to mature colonies, incipient colonies may be exposed to critical stress, which may explain for the low success rate of establishment within the first year of the life of a termite colony. We here investigated the stress imposed on individuals of incipient colonies by comparing the developmental instability of individuals between incipient and mature colonies of two Coptotermes species, C. formosanus Shiraki and C. gestroi (Wasmann). We assessed the developmental instability by measuring the asymmetry of morphological traits from the head capsule of the soldier caste. Soldiers from incipient colonies of both species displayed strong asymmetrical traits in comparison to soldiers from mature colonies. We suggest that homeostatic conditions for optimal development are reached as the colony matures, and confirmed that the incipient colony remains a critical bottleneck where individuals are exposed to high developmental stress. PMID:25423502

Chouvenc, Thomas; Basille, Mathieu; Li, Hou-Feng; Su, Nan-Yao

2014-01-01

406

Detection of Campylobacter colonies using hyperspectral imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of Campylobacter in foods of animal origin is the leading cause of bacterially induced human gastroenteritis. Isolation and detection of Campylobacter in foods via direct plating involves lengthy laboratory procedures including enrichments and microaerobic incubations, which\\u000a take several days to a week. The incubation time for growing Campylobacter colonies in agar media usually takes 24–48 h. Oftentimes the problem

Seung Chul Yoon; Kurt C. Lawrence; John E. Line; Gregory R. Siragusa; Peggy W. Feldner; William R. Windham

2010-01-01

407

The Development of Politics in Extraterrestrial Colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The existence of feudal or totalitarian interplanetary empires has been a favourite theme in Science Fiction. Although the vast distances between the stars make the emergence of an interstellar empire impossible without the creation of a faster than light drive, this is not necessarily true for the other worlds within our solar system. Environmental constraints on the off-world colonies themselves, and repressive, hierarchical and feudalistic social and commercial institutions and customs inherited from the parent cultures on Earth and a tradition of military rule descending from the foundation of these colonies may all work to bring about a new feudal or totalitarian social order on humanity's extraterrestrial colonies. There are encouraging signs that this may not be the case, however. Already the debate over the projected colonisation of Mars is a factor influencing present controversies over repressive institutions and customs. Nevertheless, those wishing for a free, democratic, and politically, socially and technologically innovative and vigorous human society spreading throughout the solar system should not become complacent.

Sivier, D. J.

408

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1993, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity and plans to accelerate the acquisition or construction of such capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1993-08-15

409

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities undertaken by the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the third quarter of calendar year 1994. It addresses issues relative to storage facilities in Texas and Louisiana and include information on fill rate; average price of products purchased; current and projected storage capacity of each facility; analyses of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage or petroleum products; budgets established for the operation of each facility during the quarter and total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated. The report also briefly discusses two problems which have temporarily reduced the Reserve`s oil inventory for drawdown. These problems are a higher-than-normal gas content and elevated temperatures of crude at other facilities.

Not Available

1994-11-15

410

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of the most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the third quarter of calendar year 1993, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity and plans to accelerate the acquisition or construction of such capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated. Samples of the oil revealed two problems that, although readily correctable, have reduced the availability of some of the oil inventory for drawdown in the near-term. These problems are: (1) a higher-than-normal gas content in some of the crude oil, apparently from years of intrusion of methane form the surrounding salt formation; and (2) elevated temperatures of some of the crude oil, due to geothermal heating, that has increased the vapor pressure of the oil. Investigations are proceeding to determine the extent to which gas intrusion and geothermal heating are impacting the availability of oil for drawdown. Preliminary designs have been developed for systems to mitigate both problems.

Not Available

1993-11-15

411

From snowflake formation to growth of bacterial colonies II: Cooperative formation of complex colonial patterns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In nature, bacterial colonies must often cope with hostile environmental conditions. To do so they have developed sophisticated cooperative behaviour and intricate communication capabilities, such as direct cell- cell physical interactions via extra-membrane polymers, collective production of extracellular 'wetting' fluid for movement on hard surfaces, longrange chemical signalling such as quorum sensing and chemotactic (bias of movement according to gradient of chemical agent) signalling, collective activation and deactivation of genes and even exchange of genetic material. Utilizing these capabilities, the bacterial colonies develop complex spatio-temporal patterns in response to adverse growth conditions. We present a wealth of beautiful patterns formed during colonial development of various bacterial strains and for different environmental conditions. Invoking ideas from pattern formation in non-living systems and using generic modelling we are able to reveal novel bacterial strategies which account for the salient features of the evolved patterns. Using the models, we demonstrate how bacterial communication leads to colonial self-organization that can only be achieved via cooperative behaviour of the cells. It can be viewed as the action of a singular feedback between the microscopic level (the individual cells) and the macroscopic level (the colony) in the determination of the emerging patterns.

Ben-Jacob, Eshel

1997-03-01

412

10 CFR 74.31 - Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance. 74.31 Section 74.31 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2011-01-01

413

10 CFR 74.31 - Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance. 74.31 Section 74.31 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2014-01-01

414

10 CFR 74.31 - Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance. 74.31 Section 74.31 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

415

10 CFR 74.31 - Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance. 74.31 Section 74.31 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2010-01-01

416

10 CFR 74.31 - Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance. 74.31 Section 74.31 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2012-01-01

417

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY The President's 2009 Budget will  

E-print Network

Energy Initiative; · Provide additional energy security with the Strategic Petroleum Reserve; · Foster Reserve · Protects the economy against oil disruptions. Doubles capacity of the Strategic Petroleum. 59 #12;60 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Providing Additional Energy Security with the Strategic Petroleum

418

Colonie Interim Storage Site annual environmental report for calendar year 1991, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the environmental monitoring program at the Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS) and surrounding area, implementation of the program, and monitoring results for 1991. Environmental monitoring at CISS began in 1984 when Congress added the site to the US Department of Energy's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. CISS property and surrounding areas were radioactively contaminated by operations conducted by National Lead Industries, which manufactured various components from uranium and thorium from 1958 to 1984. The environmental monitoring program at CISS includes sampling networks for external gamma radiation exposure and for radium-226, thorium-232, and total uranium concentrations in surface water, sediment, and groundwater. Additionally, several nonradiological parameters are measured in groundwater. In 1992 the program will also include sampling networks for radioactive and chemical contaminants in stormwater to meet permit application requirements under the Clean Water Act. Monitoring results are compared with applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards, DOE derived concentration guides (DCGs), dose limits, and other requirements in DOE.orders. Environmental standards are established to protect public health and the environment. Results of environmental monitoring during 1991 indicate that average concentrations of radioactive contaminants of concern were well below applicable standards and DCGS. Concentrations of some chemical contaminants in groundwater were above-the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (Class GA) and EPA guidelines for drinking water. The potential annual radiation exposure (excluding background) calculated for a hypothetical maximally exposed individual is 0.23 mrem (milliroentgen equivalent man), which is less than an individual would receive while traveling in an airplane at 12,000 meters (39,000 feet) for one hour.

Not Available

1992-09-01

419

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This report briefly covers the program legislation and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan and its amendments. The current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is outlined in Section II and the appropriations, budget and finances to date are provided in Section III. Section IV addresses organization, management, and contractor support. A discussion of the drawdown system and vulnerability impact are set forth in Section V. The Appendix contains detailed information on the status of each Strategic Petroleum Reserve site and crude oil specificcations. 8 figs., 8 tabs.

Not Available

1988-02-15

420

Transformational Assessment: A Simplified Model of Strategic Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning is a way to evaluate a present situation and set a course for the future. While there is no dearth of literature on Strategic Planning, there appears to be reluctance on the part of K-12 educators to engage in strategic planning. Besides the cynicism about change, another roadblock to strategic planning is the time it takes.…

Bardwell, Rebecca

2008-01-01

421

Research & Strategic Partnerships www.pdx.edu/research  

E-print Network

Research & Strategic Partnerships www.pdx.edu/research Research & Strategic Partnerships 3rd Year Report Page 1 Research and Strategic Partnerships Third Year Review: ReTHINKing Research at PSU J. Fink of the Research and Strategic Partnerships (RSP) Office, we provide an over- view of the organization's current

Bertini, Robert L.

422

Information Management Strategic Plan. Information: The fuel for success  

SciTech Connect

Reliable information is key to the ultimate success of the Departmental Strategic Plan. To help ensure that success, this Information Management Strategic Plan has been developed, which evolved from and directly supports the Departmental Strategic Plan and the Human Resources and Administration Strategic Plan.

Not Available

1994-07-01

423

Purdue Extended Campus: Transparency, Accountability, and Assessment in Strategic Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002 President Martin Jischke initiated a new era in strategic planning at Purdue. Under his leadership, strategic planning became a centralized activity with unit plans aligned to the university plan. Strategic goals were designed to have maximum impact, which would be measurable through metrics. Strategic planning at Purdue would be an…

Cunningham, Robin; Eddy, Michael; Pagano, Mark; Ncube, Lisa

2011-01-01

424

Strategic petroleum reserve crude oil data search file documentation. Final report, June 1978September 1979  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crude oil analysis data for the years 1950-1977 were obtained on magnetic tape from the DOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center and placed on the DOE Energy Information Administration's computer for use by the DOE Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO). A data transformation program was written to convert the crude oil data to a new SPRO crude oil data file compatible

J. R. Eichelberger; L. L. Stavinoha; H. N. Giles

1979-01-01

425

Development of Chinese Strategic Petroleum Reserves Base on Comparable Research about Japanese Situation and Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum is one of the most important energy which can’t be regenerated. During the increasing development of world economy, petroleum has become significant energy to keep a county's economy survival. Japan which has almost no petroleum capacity had started strategic petroleum reserve since last century. Abundant reserve helped Japan conquering twice petroleum crises. As the biggest and fastest developing country,

Erfu Guo; Meiting Ju; Na Gong

2011-01-01

426

The vital issues process: Strategic planning for a changing world  

SciTech Connect

The Vital Issues process (VIp) is a strategic planning tool initially developed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) for the Office of Foreign Intelligence (OFI)* of the US Department of Energy (DOE). It was further developed and refined through its application to a variety of strategic purposes for a range of public and semipublic organizations. The VIp provides a structured mechanism for assisting organizations in accomplishing specified objectives by identifying and prioritizing a portfolio of strategic issues, programmatic areas, or responses to a specified problem. It employs day-long panel meetings in a specified format to elicit a broad range of perspectives on a particular issue in a nonconfrontational manner and to facilitate the interaction and synthesis of diverse viewpoints on a specific topic. The VIp is unique in its incorporation of two primary approaches in each panel session: a qualitative or transactional segment, which entails the synthesis of the alternatives through negotiations or discussion, and a quantitative or net benefit maximization segment, an analytical approach, which involves prioritization of the alternatives using pairwise comparisons. This combination of facilitated group discussion and quantitative ranking provides input to strategic management decisions in the form of stakeholder-defined and -prioritized items as well as information on potential barriers to the implementation of policies and programs. This is the final volume in the series Identifying Vital Issues: New Intelligence Strategies for a New World, a three-volume set that gives an accounting of the VIp as implemented for OFI. This volume provides an in-depth description of the methodology used in the VIp.

Engi, D.; Glicken, J.

1995-05-01

427

Division of Student Affairs Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

1 Division of Student Affairs Strategic Plan 2010-2015 March 2010 Updated January 2012 #12;2 Table of Contents Note from the Vice President for Student Affairs Mission Statement Planning Principles and Values

Chu, Xi

428

The Aeronautics Test Program Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

The Aeronautics Test Program Strategic Plan Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate National Aeronautics and Space Administration 29 October 2009 Version 1.0 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS MESSAGE FROM ABOUT NASA'S AERONAUTICS TEST PROGRAM

429

Strategic Plan Department of Physics and Astronomy  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Tennessee, Knoxville September (Ex Officio), and Hanno Weitering #12;Introduction The Department of Physics and Astronomy has over. Figure 1: Schematic diagram illustrating the Department of Physics and Astronomy's interactions

Dai, Pengcheng

430

Strategic Plan Department of Physics and Astronomy  

E-print Network

1 Strategic Plan Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Tennessee, Knoxville Fall 2011)........................................................... 46 #12;3 Introduction The Department of Physics and Astronomy has over the last two decades had

Dai, Pengcheng

431

UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN Strategic Research Plan  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN Strategic Research Plan Canada ResearchChairs Program, Canada Excellence provinceofSaskatchewan,inits academic programs and the qualityof the learning environment of Saskatchewan has established an international reputation for achievement in a diversity of disciplines

Patterson, William P.

432

UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN Strategic Research Plan Summary  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN Strategic Research Plan Summary Canada ResearchChairs Program, Canada provinceofSaskatchewan,inits academic programs and the qualityof the learning environment of Saskatchewan has established an international reputation for achievement in a diversity of disciplines

Patterson, William P.

433

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Strategic Plan 2015­2019 October 2014 #12;#12;iii CONTENTS ................................................................... 5 3. Integration into ORNL Missions: Neutron Sciences, Materials by Design, Imaging ................ 6 The Link to Neutron Sciences

434

White Wind Farms Strategic Communications Campaign  

E-print Network

White Wind Farms is a small, startup Kansas winery located in Paola. The goal of this project was to develop a strategic marketing communications plan to assist in the growth and development of the White Wind Farms brand.....

Ford, Gina; Noulles, Mary; James, Jessica

2014-09-03

435

7 CFR 25.202 - Strategic plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...leadership, community groups, local public health...departments and nonprofit groups providing similar services, environmental groups, local transportation...requirements. The strategic plan must: (1...implemented by State governments, tribal...

2012-01-01

436

7 CFR 25.202 - Strategic plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...leadership, community groups, local public health...departments and nonprofit groups providing similar services, environmental groups, local transportation...requirements. The strategic plan must: (1...implemented by State governments, tribal...

2014-01-01

437

7 CFR 25.202 - Strategic plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...leadership, community groups, local public health...departments and nonprofit groups providing similar services, environmental groups, local transportation...requirements. The strategic plan must: (1...implemented by State governments, tribal...

2013-01-01

438

A STRATEGIC PLAN FOR A NEW UWMADISON  

E-print Network

effort involving OHR, campus governance groups, labor organizations and other university stakeholders for this project. Eleven groups of employees--representing governance groups, labor organizations, administration A STRATEGIC PLAN FOR A NEW UW­MADISON HUMAN RESOURCES SYSTEM Accepted

439

7 CFR 25.202 - Strategic plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...a strategic map for revitalization...religious organizations, the private...Describe the process by which the...partner in the process of developing...institutions and organizations have contributed to the planning process;...

2011-01-01

440

WVU School of Public Health: 2020 Strategic Plan 2020 | Strategic PlanWVU School of Public Health  

E-print Network

WVU School of Public Health: 2020 Strategic Plan 1 2020 | Strategic PlanWVU School of Public Health #12;WVU School of Public Health: 2020 Strategic Plan 2 Contents Message from the Dean 3 Vision Plan 12 #12;WVU School of Public Health: 2020 Strategic Plan 3 Message from the Dean The School

Mohaghegh, Shahab

441

First Recorded Loss of an Emperor Penguin Colony in the Recent Period of Antarctic Regional Warming: Implications for Other Colonies  

PubMed Central

In 1948, a small colony of emperor penguins Aptenodytes forsteri was discovered breeding on Emperor Island (67° 51? 52? S, 68° 42? 20? W), in the Dion Islands, close to the West Antarctic Peninsula (Stonehouse 1952). When discovered, the colony comprised approximately 150 breeding pairs; these numbers were maintained until 1970, after which time the colony showed a continuous decline. By 1999 there were fewer than 20 pairs, and in 2009 high-resolution aerial photography revealed no remaining trace of the colony. Here we relate the decline and loss of the Emperor Island colony to a well-documented rise in local mean annual air temperature and coincident decline in seasonal sea ice duration. The loss of this colony provides empirical support for recent studies (Barbraud & Weimerskirch 2001; Jenouvrier et al 2005, 2009; Ainley et al 2010; Barber-Meyer et al 2005) that have highlighted the vulnerability of emperor penguins to changes in sea ice duration and distribution. These studies suggest that continued climate change is likely to impact upon future breeding success and colony viability for this species. Furthermore, a recent circumpolar study by Fretwell & Trathan (2009) highlighted those Antarctic coastal regions where colonies appear most vulnerable to such changes. Here we examine which other colonies might be at risk, discussing various ecological factors, some previously unexplored, that may also contribute to future declines. The implications of this are important for future modelling work and for understanding which colonies actually are most vulnerable. PMID:21386883

Trathan, Philip N.; Fretwell, Peter T.; Stonehouse, Bernard

2011-01-01

442

Playback of colony sound alters the breeding schedule and clutch size in zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) colonies  

PubMed Central

The hypothesis that social stimulation, derived from the presence and activities of conspecifics, can hasten and synchronize breeding in colonies of birds was tested. A modified playback/recorder system was used to continuously exaggerate the amount of colony sound available to zebra finches throughout their courtship period. Males that heard ‘sound supplements’ generated from their own colony sang more than males in control colonies that did not receive playback; males that heard samples from a different colony, sang at an intermediate level. Females that were exposed to the vocalizations of their mate and playback from a colony other than their own, laid eggs earlier and more synchronously than females in control colonies. Females that heard the vocalizations of their mate along with playback samples generated from their own colony, laid eggs more synchronously but not earlier than control females. Both acoustic treatments caused females to lay larger clutches. Social stimulation influences the breeding schedule and clutch size in zebra finch colonies. If there are advantages associated with these effects, social stimulation may contribute to the maintenance of colonial breeding systems. PMID:15734692

Waas, Joseph R.; Colgan, Patrick W.; Boag, Peter T.

2005-01-01

443

Theoretical Perspectives for Strategic Human Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critics have argued that the field of human resource management (HRM) lacks a coherent theoreticalframework. This article attempts to further the theoretical development of SHRM through discussing six theoretical models (behavioral perspective, cybernetic models, agencyltransaction cost theory, resource-based view of the firm, power\\/resource dependence models, and institutional theory) that are usefulfor understanding both strategic and non-strategic determinants of HR practices.

Patrick M. Wright; Gary C. McMahan

1992-01-01

444

Strategic Importance of Speech Technology for NGNs  

E-print Network

We advocate the adoption of speech technology as a strategic component of Next Generation Networks (NGNs), and urge development and implementation of regulations and public policy for world-wide deployment of the technology embedded IN the devices accessing the NGNs. We highlight several key benefits brought by embedded speech technology to all nations of the world and describe how they fulfill important policy objectives cherished by the ITU and its member nations. Strategic Importance of Speech Technology for NGNs 1.

Stephen Rondel

445

Combined Final Report for Colony II Project  

SciTech Connect

(This report was originally submmited by the lead PI (Terry Jones, ORNL) on October 22, 2013 to the program manager, Lucy Nowell. It is being submitted from University of Illinois in accordance with instructions). HPC Colony II seeks to provide portable performance for leadership class machines. Our strategy is based on adaptive system software that aims to make the intelligent decisions necessary to allow domain scientists to safely focus on their task at hand and allow the system software stack to adapt their application to the underlying architecture. This report describes the research undertaken towards these objectives and the results obtained over the performance period of the project.

Kale, Laxmikant [University of Illinois] [University of Illinois; Jones, Terry [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Moreira, Jose [IBM Corp.] [IBM Corp.

2013-10-23

446

Intercellular Genomics of Subsurface Microbial Colonies  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress in the second year of this project. The objective is to develop methods and software to predict the spatial configuration, properties and temporal evolution of microbial colonies in the subsurface. To accomplish this, we integrate models of intracellular processes, cell-host medium exchange and reaction-transport dynamics on the colony scale. At the conclusion of the project, we aim to have the foundations of a predictive mathematical model and software that captures the three scales of these systems – the intracellular, pore, and colony wide spatial scales. In the second year of the project, we refined our transcriptional regulatory network discovery (TRND) approach that utilizes gene expression data along with phylogenic similarity and gene ontology analyses and applied it successfully to E.coli, human B cells, and Geobacter sulfurreducens. We have developed a new Web interface, GeoGen, which is tailored to the reconstruction of microbial TRNs and solely focuses on Geobacter as one of DOE’s high priority microbes. Our developments are designed such that the frameworks for the TRND and GeoGen can readily be used for other microbes of interest to the DOE. In the context of modeling a single bacterium, we are actively pursuing both steady-state and kinetic approaches. The steady-state approach is based on a flux balance that uses maximizing biomass growth rate as its objective, subjected to various biochemical constraints, for the optimal values of reaction rates and uptake/release of metabolites. For the kinetic approach, we use Karyote, a rigorous cell model developed by us for an earlier DOE grant and the DARPA BioSPICE Project. We are also investigating the interplay between bacterial colonies and environment at both pore and macroscopic scales. The pore scale models use detailed representations for realistic porous media accounting for the distribution of grain size whereas the macroscopic models employ the Darcy-type flow equations and up-scaled advective-diffusive transport equations for chemical species. We are rigorously testing the relationship between these two scales by evaluating macroscopic parameters using the volume averaging methodology applied to pore scale model results.

Ortoleva, Peter; Tuncay, Kagan; Gannon, Dennis; Meile, Christof

2007-02-14

447

Strategic forces: Future requirements and options  

SciTech Connect

In the wake of the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and the apparent ending of the Cold War, there have been renewed calls for radical cuts in US strategic forces to levels far below the 10,000 or so warheads allowed each side under the current START proposal. Since it now appears that NATO for the first time will have the capability to defeat a Soviet conventional attack without the necessity of threatening to resort to nuclear weapons, this should pave the way for the rethinking of US strategy and the reduction of US strategic weapons requirements. In this new environment, it seems plausible that, with a modification of the Flexible Response doctrine to forego attempts to disarm the Soviet Union, deterrence could be maintained with 1500 or so survivable strategic weapons. With a new strategy that confined US strategic weapons to the role of deterring the use of nuclear weapons by other countries, a survivable force of about 500 weapons would seem sufficient. With this premise, the implications for the US strategic force structure are examined for two cases: a treaty that allows each side 3000 warheads and one that allows each side 1000 warheads. In Part 1 of this paper, the weapons requirements for deterrence are examined in light of recent changes in the geopolitical environment. In Part 2, it is assumed that the President and Congress have decided that deep cuts in strategic forces are acceptable. 128 refs., 12 figs., 12 tabs. (JF)

Speed, R.D.

1990-11-01

448

Space life sciences strategic plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over the last three decades the Life Sciences Program has significantly contributed to NASA's manned and unmanned exploration of space, while acquiring new knowledge in the fields of space biology and medicine. The national and international events which have led to the development and revision of NASA strategy will significantly affect the future of life sciences programs both in scope and pace. This document serves as the basis for synthesizing the options to be pursued during the next decade, based on the decisions, evolution, and guiding principles of the National Space Policy. The strategies detailed in this document are fully supportive of the Life Sciences Advisory Subcommittee's 'A Rationale for the Life Sciences,' and the recent Aerospace Medicine Advisory Committee report entitled 'Strategic Considerations for Support of Humans in Space and Moon/Mars Exploration Missions.' Information contained within this document is intended for internal NASA planning and is subject to policy decisions and direction, and to budgets allocated to NASA's Life Sciences Program.

Nicogossian, Arnauld E.

1992-01-01

449

Impact of Flooding on Illinois River Wading Bird Colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of severe and protracted flooding on two mixed-species colonies of wading birds were assessed in central Illinois. Both colony sites have been monitored since 1962. Historically, Great Blue Herons, Ardea herodias, Great Egrets, Casmerodius albus (threatened in Illinois), and Black-crowned Night-Herons, Nycticorax nycticorax (endangered in Illinois), nested in each colony. Annual ground censuses revealed declines in breeding populations following

Richard G. Bjorklund; Daniel J. Holm

450

The Contemporary Reality of Canadian Imperialism: Settler Colonialism and the Hybrid Colonial State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author's fundamental contention is this: Canadian society remains driven by the logic of imperialism and engages in concerted colonial action against Indigenous peoples whose claims to land and self-determination continue to undermine the legitimacy of Canadian authority and hegemony. The imperial ambitions of the Canadian state and its…

Barker, Adam J.

2009-01-01

451

Stable isotope enrichment in laboratory ant colonies: effects of colony age, metamorphosis, diet, and fat storage  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Ecologists use stable isotopes to infer diets and trophic levels of animals in food webs, yet some assumptions underlying these inferences have not been thoroughly tested. We used laboratory-reared colonies of Solenopsis invicta Buren (Formicidae: Solenopsidini) to test the effects of metamorphosis,...

452

JAX Colony Management System (JCMS): an extensible colony and phenotype data management system.  

PubMed

The Jackson Laboratory Colony Management System (JCMS) is a software application for managing data and information related to research mouse colonies, associated biospecimens, and experimental protocols. JCMS runs directly on computers that run one of the PC Windows operating systems, but can be accessed via web browser interfaces from any computer running a Windows, Macintosh, or Linux operating system. JCMS can be configured for a single user or multiple users in small- to medium-size work groups. The target audience for JCMS includes laboratory technicians, animal colony managers, and principal investigators. The application provides operational support for colony management and experimental workflows, sample and data tracking through transaction-based data entry forms, and date-driven work reports. Flexible query forms allow researchers to retrieve database records based on user-defined criteria. Recent advances in handheld computers with integrated barcode readers, middleware technologies, web browsers, and wireless networks add to the utility of JCMS by allowing real-time access to the database from any networked computer. PMID:20140675

Donnelly, Chuck J; McFarland, Mike; Ames, Abigail; Sundberg, Beth; Springer, Dave; Blauth, Peter; Bult, Carol J

2010-04-01

453

Pre-Colonial Systems of Writing and Post-Colonial Languages of Publication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous accounts of "europhone" status (anglophone, francophone, etc.) have inadequately addressed spoken-written differences as well as different post-colonial developments taken by Southeast Asia, South Asia, North Africa, and East Africa vis-a-vis those of West, Central, and Southern Africa. This article investigates the extent to which the…

Riney, Timothy J.

1998-01-01

454

From snowflake formation to growth of bacterial colonies II: Cooperative formation of complex colonial patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

In nature, bacterial colonies must often cope with hostile environmental conditions. To do so they have developed sophisticated cooperative behaviour and intricate communication capabilities, such as direct cell- cell physical interactions via extra-membrane polymers, collective production of extracellular 'wetting' fluid for movement on hard surfaces, longrange chemical signalling such as quorum sensing and chemotactic (bias of movement according to gradient

Eshel Ben-Jacob

1997-01-01

455

The spectral quality of light is a key driver of photosynthesis and photoadaptation in Stylophora pistillata colonies from different depths in the Red Sea.  

PubMed

Depth zonation on coral reefs is largely driven by the amount of downwelling, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) that is absorbed by the symbiotic algae (zooxanthellae) of corals. The minimum light requirements of zooxanthellae are related to both the total intensity of downwelling PAR and the spectral quality of the light. Here we used Stylophora pistillata colonies collected from shallow (3 m) and deep (40 m) water; colonies were placed in a respirometer under both ambient PAR irradiance and a filter that only transmits blue light. We found that the colonies exhibited a clear difference in their photosynthetic rates when illuminated under PAR and filtered blue light, with higher photosynthetic performance when deep colonies were exposed to blue light compared with full-spectrum PAR for the same light intensity and duration. By contrast, colonies from shallow water showed the opposite trend, with higher photosynthetic performances under full-spectrum PAR than under filtered blue light. These findings are supported by the absorption spectra of corals, with deeper colonies absorbing higher energy wavelengths than the shallow colonies, with different spectral signatures. Our results indicate that S. pistillata colonies are chromatically adapted to their surrounding light environment, with photoacclimation probably occurring via an increase in photosynthetic pigments rather than algal density. The spectral properties of the downwelling light are clearly a crucial component of photoacclimation that should be considered in future transplantation and photoacclimation studies. PMID:21075950

Mass, T; Kline, D I; Roopin, M; Veal, C J; Cohen, S; Iluz, D; Levy, O

2010-12-01

456

Elucidation of Strongyloides stercoralis by bacterial-colony displacement.  

PubMed Central

Two cases of unsuspected Strongyloides stercoralis infection were elucidated by the displacement of bacterial colonies on primary plating media. Observation of primary plates inoculated for the diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia or gastroenteritis revealed that normal flora colonies had been moved and were aligned in a pathway, or track. This unusual colony alignment prompted us to request a stool for the examination of parasites, and S. stercoralis was found. It was concluded that the parasite is capable of motility on agar surfaces, resulting in the displacement of bacterial colonies that make up the normal flora. Images PMID:3088034

Panosian, K J; Marone, P; Edberg, S C

1986-01-01

457

Laser-induced speckle scatter patterns in Bacillus colonies  

PubMed Central

Label-free bacterial colony phenotyping technology called BARDOT (Bacterial Rapid Detection using Optical scattering Technology) provided successful classification of several different bacteria at the genus, species, and serovar level. Recent experiments with colonies of Bacillus species provided strikingly different characteristics of elastic light scatter (ELS) patterns, which were comprised of random speckles compared to other bacteria, which are dominated by concentric rings and spokes. Since this laser-based optical sensor interrogates the whole volume of the colony, 3-D information of micro- and macro-structures are all encoded in the far-field scatter patterns. Here, we present a theoretical model explaining the underlying mechanism of the speckle formation by the colonies from Bacillus species. Except for Bacillus polymyxa, all Bacillus spp. produced random bright spots on the imaging plane, which presumably dependent on the cellular and molecular organization and content within the colony. Our scatter model-based analysis revealed that colony spread resulting in variable surface roughness can modify the wavefront of the scatter field. As the center diameter of the Bacillus spp. colony grew from 500 to 900 ?m, average speckles area decreased two-fold and the number of small speckles increased seven-fold. In conclusion, as Bacillus colony grows, the average speckle size in the scatter pattern decreases and the number of smaller speckle increases due to the swarming growth characteristics of bacteria within the colony. PMID:25352840

Kim, Huisung; Singh, Atul K.; Bhunia, Arun K.; Bae, Euiwon

2014-01-01

458

Varroa-Virus Interaction in Collapsing Honey Bee Colonies  

PubMed Central

Varroa mites and viruses are the currently the high-profile suspects in collapsing bee colonies. Therefore, seasonal variation in varroa load and viruses (Acute-Kashmir-Israeli complex (AKI) and Deformed Wing Virus (DWV)) were monitored in a year-long study. We investigated the viral titres in honey bees and varroa mites from 23 colonies (15 apiaries) under three treatment conditions: Organic acids (11 colonies), pyrethroid (9 colonies) and untreated (3 colonies). Approximately 200 bees were sampled every month from April 2011 to October 2011, and April 2012. The 200 bees were split to 10 subsamples of 20 bees and analysed separately, which allows us to determine the prevalence of virus-infected bees. The treatment efficacy was often low for both treatments. In colonies where varroa treatment reduced the mite load, colonies overwintered successfully, allowing the mites and viruses to be carried over with the bees into the next season. In general, AKI and DWV titres did not show any notable response to the treatment and steadily increased over the season from April to October. In the untreated control group, titres increased most dramatically. Viral copies were correlated to number of varroa mites. Most colonies that collapsed over the winter had significantly higher AKI and DWV titres in October compared to survivors. Only treated colonies survived the winter. We discuss our results in relation to the varroa-virus model developed by Stephen Martin. PMID:23526946

Francis, Roy M.; Nielsen, Steen L.; Kryger, Per

2013-01-01

459

21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated...

2012-04-01

460

21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated...

2014-04-01

461

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual report for calendar year 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was established in 1975 as an emergency response to the 1973 Arab oil embargo. It is authorized by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), and by the comprehensive energy plans of all Administrations since 1975, in recognition of the long-term dependence of the US on imported crude oil and petroleum products. Section 165 of EPCA requires the Secretary of Energy to submit an Annual Report to the President and the Congress. On May 13, 1998, the Department published a Statement of Administration Policy which reaffirmed its commitment to maintain a Government-owned and controlled, centrally located Strategic Petroleum Reserve of crude oil. The Reserve is to be used solely for responding to the types of severe oil supply interruptions presently contemplated in EPCA. Over the past twenty years, the Reserve has grown as large as 592 million barrels--a peak reached in 1994. From 1994 to 1996, nearly 28 million barrels were sold to raise revenues for the U S Treasury. As of December 31, 1998, the crude oil inventory was 561,108,127 barrels which equated to 60 days of net oil imports during 1998. The US now relies on a combination of both the Reserve and private stocks to meet its oil storage obligations to the International Energy Agency.

NONE

1998-12-31

462

Emergence of Polymorphic Mating Strategies in Robot Colonies  

PubMed Central

Polymorphism has fascinated evolutionary biologists since the time of Darwin. Biologists have observed discrete alternative mating strategies in many different species. In this study, we demonstrate that polymorphic mating strategies can emerge in a colony of hermaphrodite robots. We used a survival and reproduction task where the robots maintained their energy levels by capturing energy sources and physically exchanged genotypes for the reproduction of offspring. The reproductive success was dependent on the individuals' energy levels, which created a natural trade-off between the time invested in maintaining a high energy level and the time invested in attracting mating partners. We performed experiments in environments with different density of energy sources and observed a variety in the mating behavior when a robot could see both an energy source and a potential mating partner. The individuals could be classified into two phenotypes: 1) forager, who always chooses to capture energy sources, and 2) tracker, who keeps track of potential mating partners if its energy level is above a threshold. In four out of the seven highest fitness populations in different environments, we found subpopulations with distinct differences in genotype and in behavioral phenotype. We analyzed the fitnesses of the foragers and the trackers by sampling them from each subpopulation and mixing with different ratios in a population. The fitness curves for the two subpopulations crossed at about 25% of foragers in the population, showing the evolutionary stability of the polymorphism. In one of those polymorphic populations, the trackers were further split into two subpopulations: (strong trackers) and (weak trackers). Our analyses show that the population consisting of three phenotypes also constituted several stable polymorphic evolutionarily stable states. To our knowledge, our study is the first to demonstrate the emergence of polymorphic evolutionarily stable strategies within a robot evolution framework. PMID:24717898

Elfwing, Stefan; Doya, Kenji

2014-01-01

463

Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element)  

E-print Network

July 2011 Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element.5% Enhance customer satisfaction 4.1.1 Improve: Overall satisfaction rating 85% No data 4.1.2 All FM Units Achieve Customer Satisfaction of 85% 85% No data 4.1.3 Reduce: Maintenance & Ops # hot/cold calls 15

Howitt, Ivan

464

Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element)  

E-print Network

July 2012 Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element on Schedule 90% 100% Enhance customer satisfaction 4.1.1 Improve: Overall satisfaction rating 85% 91.0% Annual 4.1.2 All FM Units Achieve Customer Satisfaction of 85% 85% ? Annual 4.1.3 Reduce: Maintenance

Howitt, Ivan

465

Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element)  

E-print Network

July 2013 Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element 90% no data 33% Enhance customer satisfaction 4.1.1 Improve: Overall satisfaction rating 85% 4.1.2 All FM Units Achieve Customer Satisfaction of 85% 85% 4.1.3 Reduce: Maintenance & Ops # hot/cold calls

Howitt, Ivan

466

Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element)  

E-print Network

April 2013 Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element on Schedule 90% n/a Enhance customer satisfaction 4.1.1 Improve: Overall satisfaction rating 85% 4.1.2 All FM Units Achieve Customer Satisfaction of 85% 85% 4.1.3 Reduce: Maintenance & Ops # hot/cold calls -10

Howitt, Ivan

467

Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element)  

E-print Network

April 2012 Strategic Planning Session STRATEGIC THEMES AND DRIVERS (w/Customer Satisfaction Element satisfaction 4.1.1 Improve: Overall satisfaction rating 85% Annual 4.1.2 All FM Units Achieve Customer 250 107 Annual Annual Annual 3.4.1 90% Cap Construction Projects on Schedule 90% 0% Enhance customer

Howitt, Ivan

468

Library strategic plan -April 2009.docx[Type text] Page 1 Library Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Library strategic plan - April 2009.docx[Type text] Page 1 Library Strategic Plan I. Division/School Core Purpose The Library's mission is to make available a comprehensive collection of scholarly of Charleston Library, the Avery Research Center, and the Marine Resources Library have forged formal

Kunkle, Tom

469

Dynamics of the presence of israeli acute paralysis virus in honey bee colonies with colony collapse disorder.  

PubMed

The determinants of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), a particular case of collapse of honey bee colonies, are still unresolved. Viruses including the Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV) were associated with CCD. We found an apiary with colonies showing typical CCD characteristics that bore high loads of IAPV, recovered some colonies from collapse and tested the hypothesis if IAPV was actively replicating in them and infectious to healthy bees. We found that IAPV was the dominant pathogen and it replicated actively in the colonies: viral titers decreased from April to September and increased from September to December. IAPV extracted from infected bees was highly infectious to healthy pupae: they showed several-fold amplification of the viral genome and synthesis of the virion protein VP3. The health of recovered colonies was seriously compromised. Interestingly, a rise of IAPV genomic copies in two colonies coincided with their subsequent collapse. Our results do not imply IAPV as the cause of CCD but indicate that once acquired and induced to replication it acts as an infectious factor that affects the health of the colonies and may determine their survival. This is the first follow up outside the US of CCD-colonies bearing IAPV under natural conditions. PMID:24800677

Hou, Chunsheng; Rivkin, Hadassah; Slabezki, Yossi; Chejanovsky, Nor

2014-05-01

470

Dynamics of the Presence of Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus in Honey Bee Colonies with Colony Collapse Disorder  

PubMed Central

The determinants of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), a particular case of collapse of honey bee colonies, are still unresolved. Viruses including the Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV) were associated with CCD. We found an apiary with colonies showing typical CCD characteristics that bore high loads of IAPV, recovered some colonies from collapse and tested the hypothesis if IAPV was actively replicating in them and infectious to healthy bees. We found that IAPV was the dominant pathogen and it replicated actively in the colonies: viral titers decreased from April to September and increased from September to December. IAPV extracted from infected bees was highly infectious to healthy pupae: they showed several-fold amplification of the viral genome and synthesis of the virion protein VP3. The health of recovered colonies was seriously compromised. Interestingly, a rise of IAPV genomic copies in two colonies coincided with their subsequent collapse. Our results do not imply IAPV as the cause of CCD but indicate that once acquired and induced to replication it acts as an infectious factor that affects the health of the colonies and may determine their survival. This is the first follow up outside the US of CCD-colonies bearing IAPV under natural conditions. PMID:24800677

Hou, Chunsheng; Rivkin, Hadassah; Slabezki, Yossi; Chejanovsky, Nor

2014-01-01

471

An organizational survey of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR), an Organizational Survey (OS), identical to the one that has been used prior to Tiger Team Assessments at other Department Energy facilities, was administered at SPR independent of a Tiger Team Assessment. The OS measured employees` opinions on subjects such as organizational culture, communication, commitment, group cohesion, coordination, safety, environmental issues, and job satisfaction. The result of this work was a quantitative measure of these variables at the SPR site. SPR management intends to utilize these results in their self-assessment process in preparation for an upcoming Tiger Team Assessment. This report presents these results and discusses their interpretation.

Shurberg, D.A.; Haber, S.B.

1992-01-01

472

Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering Program - Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering (NEM R&E) Program is dedicated to providing knowledge, technical expertise, and products to US agencies responsible for monitoring nuclear explosions in all environments and is successful in turning scientific breakthroughs into tools for use by operational monitoring agencies. To effectively address the rapidly evolving state of affairs, the NNSA NEM R&E program is structured around three program elements described within this strategic plan: Integration of New Monitoring Assets, Advanced Event Characterization, and Next-Generation Monitoring Systems. How the Program fits into the National effort and historical accomplishments are also addressed.

Casey, Leslie A. [DOE/NNSA

2004-09-01

473

Strategic Petroleum Reserve technical and performance criteria, Level 1. Revision  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Program top-level technical and performance criteria against which design, construction, performance and test criteria for the SPR shall be developed at successive levels of detail. The requirements of this document shall apply to all elements of the SPR over which the Department of Energy (DOE) has purview. These requirements shall serve as the baseline for subordinate technical criteria documentation and related specifications governing: Configuration of the total SPR; Design, construction, maintenance and operations of SPR sites and distribution facilities; and SPR systems performance, test and evaluation.

Not Available

1994-01-01

474

Introduction of International Microgravity Strategic Planning Group  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Established in May 6, 1995, the purpose of this International Strategic Planning Group for Microgravity Science and Applications Research is to develop and update, at least on a biennial basis, an International Strategic Plan for Microgravity Science and Applications Research. The member space agencies have agreed to contribute to the development of a Strategic Plan, and seek the implementation of the cooperative programs defined in this Plan. The emphasis of this plan is the coordination of hardware construction and utilization within the various areas of research including biotechnology, combustion science, fluid physics, materials science and other special topics in physical sciences. The Microgravity Science and Applications International Strategic Plan is a joint effort by the present members - ASI, CNES, CSA, DLR, ESA, NASA, and NASDA. It represents the consensus from a series of discussions held within the International Microgravity Strategic Planning Group (IMSPG). In 1996 several space agencies initiated multilateral discussions on how to improve the effectiveness of international microgravity research during the upcoming Space Station era. These discussions led to a recognition of the need for a comprehensive strategic plan for international microgravity research that would provide a framework for cooperation between international agencies. The Strategic Plan is intended to provide a basis for inter-agency coordination and cooperation in microgravity research in the environment of the International Space Station (ISS) era. This will be accomplished through analysis of the interests and goals of each participating agency and identification of mutual interests and program compatibilities. The Plan provides a framework for maximizing the productivity of space-based research for the benefit of our societies.

Rhome, Robert

1998-01-01

475

Strategic Options Development and Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Strategic Options Development and Analysis (SODA) enables a group or individual to construct a graphical representation of a problematic situation, and thus explore options and their ramifications with respect to a complex system of goals or objectives. In addition the method aims to help groups arrive at a negotiated agreement about how to act to resolve the situation. It is based upon the use of causal mapping - a formally constructed means-ends network - as representation form. Because the picture has been constructed using the natural language of the problem owners it becomes a model of the situation that is ‘owned' by those who define the problem. The use of formalities for the construction of the model makes it amenable to a range of analyses as well as encouraging reflection and a deeper understanding. These analyses can be used in a ‘rough and ready' manner by visual inspection or through the use of specialist causal mapping software (Decision Explorer). Each of the analyses helps a group or individual discover important features of the problem situation, and these features facilitate agreeing agood solution. The SODA process is aimed at helping a group learn about the situation they face before they reach agreements. Most significantly the exploration through the causal map leads to a higher probability of more creative solutions and promotes solutions that are more likely to be implemented because the problem construction process is wider and more likely to include richer social dimensions about the blockages to action and organizational change. The basic theories that inform SODA derive from cognitive psychology and social negotiation, where the model acts as a continuously changing representation of the problematic situation - changing as the views of a person or group shift through learning and exploration. This chapter, jointly written by two leading practitioner academics and the original developers of SODA, Colin Eden and Fran Ackermann, describes the SODA techniques as they are applied in practice.

Ackermann, Fran; Eden, Colin

476

Transportation technology program: Strategic plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this report is to define the technology program required to meet the transportation technology needs for current and future civil space missions. It is a part of an integrated plan, prepared by NASA in part in response to the Augustine Committee recommendations, to describe and advocate expanded and more aggressive efforts in the development of advanced space technologies. This expanded program will provide a technology basis for future space missions to which the U.S. aspires, and will help to regain technology leadership for the U.S. on a broader front. The six aspects of this integrated program/plan deal with focused technologies to support space sciences, exploration, transportation, platforms, and operations as well as provide a Research and Technology Base Program. This volume describes the technologies needed to support transportation systems, e.g., technologies needed for upgrades to current transportation systems and to provide reliable and efficient transportation for future space missions. The Office of Aeronautics, Exploration, and Technology (OAET) solicited technology needs from the major agency technology users and the aerospace industry community and formed a transportation technology team (appendix A) to develop a technology program to respond to those needs related to transportation technologies. This report addresses the results of that team activity. It is a strategic plan intended for use as a planning document rather than as a project management tool. It is anticipated that this document will be primarily utilized by research & technology (R&T) management at the various NASA Centers as well as by officials at NASA Headquarters and by industry in planning their corporate Independent Research and Development (IR&D) investments.

1991-01-01

477

MACS-VRPTW: A MULTIPLE ANT COLONY SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEMS WITH TIME WINDOWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

MACS-VRPTW, an Ant Colony Optimization based approach useful to solve vehicle routing problems with time windows is presented. MACS-VRPTW is organized with a hierarchy of artificial ant colonies designed to successively optimize a multiple objective function: the first colony minimizes the number of vehicles while the second colony minimizes the traveled distances. Cooperation between colonies is performed by exchanging information

Luca Maria Gambardella; E. Taillard; Giovanni Agazzi

1999-01-01

478

Can redistribution of breeding colonies on a landscape mitigate changing predation danger?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reproductive success of colonially breeding species depends in part upon a trade-off between the benefit of a dilution effect against nestling predation within larger colonies and colony conspicuousness. However, there may be no net survivorship benefit of dilution if smaller colonies are sufficiently inconspicuous. This raises the question about how the size distribution of breeding colonies on a landscape

James K. Kenyon; Barry D. Smith; Robert W. Butler

2007-01-01

479

Effects of worker genotypic diversity on honey bee colony development and behavior ( Apis mellifera L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been numerous reports of genetic influences on division of labor in honey bee colonies, but the effects of worker genotypic diversity on colony behavior are unclear. We analyzed the effects of worker genotypic diversity on the phenotypes of honey bee colonies during a critical phase of colony development, the “nest initiation” phase. Five groups of colonies were studied

Robert E. Page Jr; Gene E. Robinson; M. Kim Fondrk; Medhat E. Nasr

1995-01-01

480

Tiger Team Assessment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) located in Louisiana and Texas, which consists of a project management office in New Orleans, a marine terminal located on the Mississippi River in Louisiana, and five crude oil storage sites in Louisiana and Texas. SPR is operated by Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc. for the US Department of Energy (DOE). DOE's Office of Fossil Energy (FE) is the responsible program organization and the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office (SPRPMO) in Louisiana provides local oversight. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted from March 9 to April 10, 1992, under the auspices of DOE's Office of Special Projects (OSP) under the Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing environmental, safety, and health (ES H), and quality assurance (QA) disciplines; site remediation; facilities management; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable Federal, States of Louisiana and Texas, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal SPR requirements was assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of SPRPMO and BPS management of the ES H/QA and self-assessment programs was conducted. 6 fig., 22 tab.

Not Available

1992-04-01

481

Tiger Team Assessment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) located in Louisiana and Texas, which consists of a project management office in New Orleans, a marine terminal located on the Mississippi River in Louisiana, and five crude oil storage sites in Louisiana and Texas. SPR is operated by Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc. for the US Department of Energy (DOE). DOE`s Office of Fossil Energy (FE) is the responsible program organization and the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office (SPRPMO) in Louisiana provides local oversight. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted from March 9 to April 10, 1992, under the auspices of DOE`s Office of Special Projects (OSP) under the Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing environmental, safety, and health (ES&H), and quality assurance (QA) disciplines; site remediation; facilities management; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable Federal, States of Louisiana and Texas, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal SPR requirements was assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of SPRPMO and BPS management of the ES&H/QA and self-assessment programs was conducted. 6 fig., 22 tab.

Not Available

1992-04-01

482

Colonialism, Education and Rural Buddhist Communities in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will excavate pre-independence (British/Pakistan) and post-independence colonial education interventions into Buddhist culture and education with the view to expose the nature and shape of colonial domination and related Buddhist efforts at cultural and educational decolonization. This will be accomplished by (a) considering a brief…

Barua, Bijoy

2007-01-01

483

Model Specification Searches Using Ant Colony Optimization Algorithms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ant colony optimization is a recently proposed heuristic procedure inspired by the behavior of real ants. This article applies the procedure to model specification searches in structural equation modeling and reports the results. The results demonstrate the capabilities of ant colony optimization algorithms for conducting automated searches.

Marcoulides, George A.; Drezner, Zvi

2003-01-01

484

The Political Economy of Colonial Education: Mozambique, 1930-1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under colonial fascism and during the revolutionary period leading to independence, the schooling of the African majority in Mozambique had no direct link with the economy, was more a mechanism of social control than of labor reproduction, and (in contrast to other African colonies) did not produce an African middle class supportive of the…

Cross, Michael

1987-01-01

485

Ant colony optimization with the characteristic of social work division  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve the continuous space optimization problems, an ant colony optimization with the characteristic of social work division is presented. The decimal coding rule of the variables in continuous space is explained. The paper presents six behaviors of artificial ant, the function of the promotion team ant colony and the three-dimensional coordinate pheromone system. Computer simulation results indicate

Li Xinxin; Luo Yi; Zhang Juntao

2008-01-01

486

Discover for Yourself: An Optimal Control Model in Insect Colonies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe the enlightening path of self-discovery afforded to the teacher of undergraduate mathematics. This is demonstrated as we find and develop background material on an application of optimal control theory to model the evolutionary strategy of an insect colony to produce the maximum number of queen or reproducer insects in the colony at…

Winkel, Brian

2013-01-01

487

State and Social Christianity in Post-colonial Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of Christianity's rapid growth in post-colonial Singapore, why has Pentecostalism replaced liberal Christianity as the dominant form in the last few decades? Going beyond existing cultural explanations of Pentecostal affinity with Asian folk religions and the modernization thesis, I look at the Church as social movement, as social Christianity engaging, specifically in Singapore, the post-colonial developmental state.

Daniel P. S. Goh

2010-01-01

488

Indigenous Knowledge in the Science Curriculum: Avoiding Neo-Colonialism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education in Papua New Guinea has been influenced by neo-colonial practices that have significantly contributed to the silencing of the Papua New Guinea voice. This silencing has led to the production of science curriculum documents that are irrelevant to the students for whom they are written. To avoid being caught up in neo-colonial

Ryan, Ann

2008-01-01

489

Whose freedom? Whose memories? Commemorating Danish colonialism in St. Croix  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article addresses the issues of cultural and archival historical representations as they are presented in Danish journalism about historical events taking place in the former colonies of Denmark, the current United States' Virgin Islands (USVI). The (post)colonial relationship between Denmark and USVI has been overlooked by Danish and 'western'-based scholars for quite some time. The article presents the case

Bolette B. Blaagaard

2011-01-01

490

A hybrid discrete Artificial Bee Colony - GRASP algorithm for clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new hybrid algorithm, which is based on the concepts of the artificial bee colony (ABC) and greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP), for optimally clustering N objects into K clusters. The proposed algorithm is a two phase algorithm which combines an artificial bee colony optimization algorithm for the solution of the feature selection problem and a

Y. Marinakis; M. Marinaki; N. Matsatsinis

2009-01-01

491

The Legacy of Western Overseas Colonialism on Democratic Survival  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using an original dataset that covers the period from 1951 to 1995, we consider the enduring effects of Western overseas colonialism on the democratic survival of postcolonial democracies. We treat colonialism as a holistic phenomenon and differentiate the relative effects of its legacies with regard to the level of economic development, social fragmentation, and the relationship between the state and

Michael Bernhard; Christopher Reenock; Timothy Nordstrom

2004-01-01

492

Allee effects and colony collapse disorder in honey bees  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We propose a mathematical model to quantify the hypothesis that a major ultimate cause of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) in honey bees is the presence of an Allee effect in the growth dynamics of honey bee colonies. In the model, both recruitment of adult bees as well as mortality of adult bees have...

493

How natural infection by Nosema ceranae causes honeybee colony collapse.  

PubMed

In recent years, honeybees (Apis mellifera) have been strangely disappearing from their hives, and strong colonies have suddenly become weak and died. The precise aetiology underlying the disappearance of the bees remains a mystery. However, during the same period, Nosema ceranae, a microsporidium of the Asian bee Apis cerana, seems to have colonized A. mellifera, and it's now frequently detected all over the world in both healthy and weak honeybee colonies. For first time, we show that natural N. ceranae infection can cause the sudden collapse of bee colonies, establishing a direct correlation between N. ceranae infection and the death of honeybee colonies under field conditions. Signs of colony weakness were not evident until the queen could no longer replace the loss of the infected bees. The long asymptomatic incubation period can explain the absence of evident symptoms prior to colony collapse. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that healthy colonies near to an infected one can also become infected, and that N. ceranae infection can be controlled with a specific antibiotic, fumagillin. Moreover, the administration of 120 mg of fumagillin has proven to eliminate the infection, but it cannot avoid reinfection after 6 months. We provide Koch's postulates between N. ceranae infection and a syndrome with a long incubation period involving continuous death of adult bees, non-stop brood rearing by the bees and colony loss in winter or early spring despite the presence of sufficient remaining pollen and honey. PMID:18647336

Higes, Mariano; Martín-Hernández, Raquel; Botías, Cristina; Bailón, Encarna Garrido; González-Porto, Amelia V; Barrios, Laura; Del Nozal, M Jesús; Bernal, José L; Jiménez, Juan J; Palencia, Pilar García; Meana, Aránzazu

2008-10-01

494

Science and the "Civilizing Mission": France and the Colonial Enterprise  

E-print Network

Science and the "Civilizing Mission": France and the Colonial Enterprise Patrick Petitjean REHSEIS with a conference "20th Century Sciences: Beyond the Metropolis". 1 ORSTOM (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et," founded in 1943.2 This conference showed an evident acceptance of the colonial heritage in science

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

495

The Transatlantic Constitution: Colonial Legal Culture and the Empire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Departing from traditional approaches to colonial legal history, Mary Sarah Bilder argues that American law and legal culture developed within the framework of an evolving, unwritten transatlantic constitution that lawyers, legislators, and litigants on both sides of the Atlantic understood. The central tenet of this constitution--that colonial laws and customs could not be repugnant to the laws of England but

Mary Sarah Bilder

2005-01-01

496

The Legacy of Colonialism: Law and Women's Rights in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between nineteenth century England and colonial India was complex in terms of negotiating the different constituencies that claimed an interest in the economic and moral development of the colonies. After India became subject to the sovereignty of the English Monarchy in 1858, its future became indelibly linked with that of England's, yet India's own unique history and culture

Varsha Chitnis; Danaya Wright

2007-01-01

497

The paradoxical after-life of colonial governmentality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing the emergency number 911 as a device to open onto two continents of governance – one ‘hot’ the other ‘cold’, one binary, the other the disaggregation of the binary – this paper shows that colonial governmentality is marked by a paradoxical combination of the two. Moreover, it argues that colonial governmentality is the progenitor of this form of governance

Michael Dutton

2010-01-01

498

Nonrelatives inherit colony resources in a primitive termite  

PubMed Central

The evolution of eusociality, especially how selection would favor sterility or subfertility of most individuals within a highly social colony, is an unresolved paradox. Eusociality evolved independently in diverse taxa, including insects (all ants and termites; some bees, wasps, thrips, and beetles), snapping shrimp, and naked mole rats. Termites have received comparatively less focus than the haplodiploid Hymenoptera (ants, bees, and wasps); however, they are the only diploid group with highly complex colonies and an extraordinary diversity of castes. In this study we staged encounters between unrelated colonies of primitive dampwood termites, Zootermopsis nevadensis, mimicking natural meetings that occur under bark. During encounters, kings and/or queens were killed and surviving members merged into one colony. After encounters, members of both unrelated colonies cooperated as a single social unit. We determined the colony of origin of replacement reproductives that emerged after death of kings and/or queens. Here, we document that replacement reproductives developed from workers in either or both original colonies, inherited the merged resources of the colony, and sometimes interbred. Because this species shares many characteristics with ancestral termites, these findings demonstrate how ecological factors could have promoted the evolution of eusociality by accelerating and enhancing direct fitness opportunities of helper offspring, rendering relatedness favoring kin selection less critical. PMID:19805058

Johns, Philip M.; Howard, Kenneth J.; Breisch, Nancy L.; Rivera, Anahi; Thorne, Barbara L.

2009-01-01

499

Does genetic diversity hinder parasite evolution in social insect colonies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polyandry is often difficult to explain because benefits of the behaviour have proved elusive. In social insects, polyandry increases the genetic diversity of workers within a colony and this has been suggested to improve the resistance of the colony to disease. Here we examine the possible impact of host genetic diversity on parasite evolution by carrying out serial passages of

W. O. H. HUGHES; J. J. BOOMSMA

2005-01-01

500

Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies  

E-print Network

Review Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies Thomas D. Seeley Section 1997) Abstract - Solving the puzzle of colony integration in honey bees requires understanding how a worker bee acquires the information that she needs to decide correctly, moment-by-moment, what task

Paris-Sud XI, Université de