Sample records for colony strategic energy

  1. Georgia Tech Strategic Energy Initiative

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Georgia Tech Strategic Energy Initiativeâ??s mission is "to actively engage in and facilitate energy technology development, assessments, demonstration projects, and policy guidance based on scientific facts, engineering principles and economic realities." They analyze the national impact of implementing new energy system technology options in relation to the current status of world oil and gas production, which is characterized by higher and higher prices. They study new and innovative energy technologies in the transportation, building, manufacturing, and electric power sectors and work with Georgia Techâ??s researchers, as well as industry and government partners, to carry out research, development, and demonstration projects. Presentations from their formal kickoff dinner and workshop provide an overview of the Initiative, while more discussion of ongoing projects are described in the Current Projects section of the website. The Energy Facts section provides information on Clean Coal, Ethanol, Fossil Fuel Resources, and Nuclear energy. They also make two Energy Briefs available to download, one on World Oil Production: Future Implications and another on Hybrid Vehicles.

  2. Estimating Transport Energy Demand Using Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. BASKAN; S. HALDENBILEN; Halim Ceylan; H. CEYLAN

    2012-01-01

    This study proposesa heuristic algorithm based on ant colony optimization for estimating the transport energy demand (TED) of Turkey using gross domestic product, population, and vehicle-km. Three forms of the improved ant colony optimiza- tion transport energy demand estimation (IACOTEDE) models are used for improving estimating capabilities of TED models. Performance of IACOTEDE is compared with the Ministry of Energyand

  3. Strategic Energy Management Plan for the 1990's 

    E-print Network

    Fiorino, D. P.; Priest, J. W.

    1987-01-01

    This paper describes the strategic energy management plan implemented by the Defense Systems and Electronics Group (DSEG) of Texas Instruments (TI) to enable it to meet its energy management challenge into the 1990's. The strategic energy management...

  4. Micmac Strategic Energy Planning Initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Fred Corey

    2007-02-02

    In February 2005 the Aroostook Band of Micmacs submitted a grant application to the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Tribal First Steps Program. The purpose of the application was to request funding and technical assistance to identify and document Tribal energy issues, develop a Tribal energy vision, evaluate potential energy opportunities, and to develop an action plan for future Tribal energy activities. The grant application was subsequently funded by DOE, and the Aroostook Band of Micmacs hired an energy consultant to assist with completion of the project. In addition to identification and documentation of Tribal energy issues, and the development of a Tribal energy vision, the potential for wind energy development on Tribal land, and residential energy efficiency issues were thoroughly evaluated.

  5. Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

    2009-01-30

    The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the “First Steps” phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribe’s plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: • Develop the Tribe’s energy goals and objectives • Establish the Tribe’s current energy usage • Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options • Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives • Create an action plan for the selected options

  6. URBAN SOLID WASTE COLLECTION AND ROUTING: THE ANT COLONY STRATEGIC APPROACH

    Microsoft Academic Search

    NIKOLAOS V. KARADIMAS; GEORGIOS KOUZAS; IOANNIS ANAGNOSTOPOULOS; VASSILI LOUMOS

    In the present paper the Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) Algorithm is introduced for best routing identification applied in urban solid waste collection. The proposed solid waste management system is based on a geo-referenced Spatial Database supported by a Geographic Information System (GIS). The GIS takes into account all the required parameters for solid waste collection. These parameters involve static and

  7. Energy security and strategic petroleum reserve

    SciTech Connect

    Steinkamp, C.L.

    1984-06-01

    The embargo by the OPEC nations during the winter of 1973-74 caused the United States substantial losses in Gross National Product. In 1975, Congress authorized the establishment of a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Underground salt domes were chosen due to lower development costs, the capability to withdraw oil at high flow rates, and the maximum security they provided. The Texas-Louisiana Gulf Coast was selected because of the large concentration of salt domes, proximity to major U.S. refineries, and access to major U.S. oil distribution facilities. In the case of an emergency, SPR oil can be fed directly to Gulf Coast refineries or sent by pipeline to refineries in the interior of the country. Storage was created by converting an existing ''room and pillar'' salt mine, use of existing caverns, and by leaching out new caverns. Importation of crude oil has currently decreased by half from its peak as the volume of crude oil in the SPR increases and the United States moves closer to energy independence.

  8. Energy security and strategic petroleum reserve

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles L. Steinkamp

    1984-01-01

    The embargo by the OPEC nations during the winter of 1973-74 caused the United States substantial losses in Gross National Product. In 1975, Congress authorized the establishment of a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Underground salt domes were chosen due to lower development costs, the capability to withdraw oil at high flow rates, and the maximum security they provided. The Texas-Louisiana

  9. Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) Strategic Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Kevin Kostelnik; Keith Perry

    2007-07-01

    Twenty-first century energy challenges include demand growth, national energy security, and global climate protection. The Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) is a public/private partnership between the State of Idaho and its academic research institutions, the federal government through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) managed by the Battelle Energy Alliance (BEA). CAES serves to advance energy security for our nation by expanding the educational opportunities at the Idaho universities in energy-related areas, creating new capabilities within its member institutions, and delivering technological innovations leading to technology-based economic development for the intermountain region. CAES has developed this strategic plan based on the Balanced Scorecard approach. A Strategy Map (Section 7) summarizes the CAES vision, mission, customers, and strategic objectives. Identified strategic objectives encompass specific outcomes related to three main areas: Research, Education, and Policy. Technical capabilities and critical enablers needed to support these objectives are also identified. This CAES strategic plan aligns with and supports the strategic objectives of the four CAES institutions. Implementation actions are also presented which will be used to monitor progress towards fulfilling these objectives.

  10. Steps to Developing the New Orleans Strategic Energy Plan (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, E.

    2011-01-01

    This presentation was given by NREL's Elizabeth Doris (Brown) to the New Orleans City Council in January 2008. NREL was funded by DOE to provide technical assistance to New Orleans after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. The presentation provides an overview of strategic energy planning, case studies, and suggested next steps for implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy into the city's rebuilding efforts.

  11. Penobscot Indian Nation's Strategic Energy Planning Efficiency on tribal Lands

    SciTech Connect

    Sockalexis, Mike; Fields, Brenda

    2006-11-30

    The energy grant provided the resources to evaluate the wind, hydro, biomass, geothermal and solar resource potential on all Penobscot Indian Naiton's Tribal lands. The two objectives address potential renewable energy resources available on tribal lands and energy efficiency measures to be taken after comprehensive energy audits of commercial facilities. Also, a Long Term Strategic Energy Plan was developed along with a plan to reduce high energy costs.

  12. Strategic Roadmap 2024: Powering the Energy Frontier

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2014-05-01

    Strategic Roadmap 2024 applies our historic mission to the dynamic and evolving industry environment that includes myriad new regulations, the growing presence of interruptible and intermittent generation resources and constraints on our hydro resources. It also ties together Western’s strategy, initiatives, capital budgets and annual targets to move the agency in one direction, continue to meet customer needs and provide the best value as an organization.

  13. Energy policy examined as strategic petroleum reserve is extended

    SciTech Connect

    Yates, M.

    1990-10-11

    This article reviews the agreement to extent the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SRV) for 4 more years to 1994, include in the reserve refined products,allows drawdown of reserves without a severe energy supply emergency', allows lease of reserves instead of purchase, allows for testing of drawdown capabilities. Also addressed is the call by political leaders for the development of a national energy policy.

  14. Final Report for the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Planning Project

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Kim [EPA Specialist] [EPA Specialist

    2013-09-17

    In 2011 the Tribe was awarded funds from the Department of Energy to formulate the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan. This will be a guiding document used throughout the planning of projects focused on energy reduction on the Reservation. The Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan's goal is to create a Five Year Energy Plan for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians in San Jacinto, California. This plan will guide the decision making process towards consistent progress leading to the Tribal goal of a 25% reduction in energy consumption in the next five years. It will additionally outline energy usage/patterns and will edentify areas the Tribe can decrease energy use and increase efficiency. The report documents activities undertaken under the grant, as well as incldues the Tribe's strategif energy plan.

  15. 1997 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan

    SciTech Connect

    None,

    1997-09-01

    With the end of the Cold War and the election of President Clinton, the Department of Energy (DOE) set a new course which began with the publication of its first departmental strategic plan in April 1994. Entitled ``Fueling a Competitive Economy, it provided the framework and shared vision for meeting responsibilities in energy, national security, environmental quality, and science and technology. The strategic plan was the guidepost for the formulation of the Department`s FY 1996, FY 1997, and FY 1998 budgets and was critical to the development of the Department`s Strategic Alignment Initiative, designed to save $1.7 billion over five years. This current plan, which has been significantly improved through a very close consultation process with Congress and customers stakeholders, takes DOE to the next important performance level by being more directly linked to actions and results. It defines a strategic goal for each of the Department`s four business lines and, in the spirit of the Government Performance and Results Act and the National Performance Review, identifies a fifth goal addressing corporate management. Reengineering the business practices, managing for results, being open with neighbors and stakeholders, and ensuring the safety and health of DOE workers and the public are, and will continue to be, among the highest of priorities. Over the coming years, DOE plans to achieve their strategic goals through specific identifiable strategies. Each business line has clear objectives and straightforward ways of defining whether DOE has succeeded in meeting those objectives.

  16. Strategic Research Orientation `NanoMaterials for Energy' 1 Energy projects within MESA+ research groups, February 2013

    E-print Network

    Twente, Universiteit

    Strategic Research Orientation `NanoMaterials for Energy' 1 Energy projects within MESA+ research groups, February 2013 Strategic Research Orientation `NanoMaterialsD's/Postdoc Supervisor Solar Fuels Photocatalytic Nanomaterials IMS Wouter

  17. Optimizing Cellular Networks Enabled with Renewal Energy via Strategic Learning.

    PubMed

    Sohn, Insoo; Liu, Huaping; Ansari, Nirwan

    2015-01-01

    An important issue in the cellular industry is the rising energy cost and carbon footprint due to the rapid expansion of the cellular infrastructure. Greening cellular networks has thus attracted attention. Among the promising green cellular network techniques, the renewable energy-powered cellular network has drawn increasing attention as a critical element towards reducing carbon emissions due to massive energy consumption in the base stations deployed in cellular networks. Game theory is a branch of mathematics that is used to evaluate and optimize systems with multiple players with conflicting objectives and has been successfully used to solve various problems in cellular networks. In this paper, we model the green energy utilization and power consumption optimization problem of a green cellular network as a pilot power selection strategic game and propose a novel distributed algorithm based on a strategic learning method. The simulation results indicate that the proposed algorithm achieves correlated equilibrium of the pilot power selection game, resulting in optimum green energy utilization and power consumption reduction. PMID:26167934

  18. Optimizing Cellular Networks Enabled with Renewal Energy via Strategic Learning

    PubMed Central

    Sohn, Insoo; Liu, Huaping; Ansari, Nirwan

    2015-01-01

    An important issue in the cellular industry is the rising energy cost and carbon footprint due to the rapid expansion of the cellular infrastructure. Greening cellular networks has thus attracted attention. Among the promising green cellular network techniques, the renewable energy-powered cellular network has drawn increasing attention as a critical element towards reducing carbon emissions due to massive energy consumption in the base stations deployed in cellular networks. Game theory is a branch of mathematics that is used to evaluate and optimize systems with multiple players with conflicting objectives and has been successfully used to solve various problems in cellular networks. In this paper, we model the green energy utilization and power consumption optimization problem of a green cellular network as a pilot power selection strategic game and propose a novel distributed algorithm based on a strategic learning method. The simulation results indicate that the proposed algorithm achieves correlated equilibrium of the pilot power selection game, resulting in optimum green energy utilization and power consumption reduction. PMID:26167934

  19. 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2011-05-01

    The mission of the Department of Energy is to ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions. Goal 1 is to catalyze the timely, material, and efficient transformation of the nation's energy system and secure U.S. leadership in clean energy technologies. Goal 2 is to maintain a vibrant U.S. effort in science and engineering as a cornerstone of our economic prosperity with clear leadership in strategic areas. Goal 3 is to enhance nuclear security through defense, nonproliferation, and environmental efforts. Goal 4 is to establish an operational and adaptable framework that combines the best wisdom of all Department stakeholders to maximize mission success.

  20. Developing The Organized Village of Kasaan's Strategic Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Hamar Glenn P

    2013-02-19

    The overall goal of this project is to create a Tribal Energy Action Plan that will serve as the Tribe�s blueprint for creating long term energy self�sufficiency. The Plan will be developed with input from a committed group of key stakeholders and landowners in the area, will be based on sound data and research, and will address both �supply�side� options of the development of sustainable energy sources, as well as �demand-side� options for reducing energy consumption. The resulting plan will include defined comprehensive energy strategies and built upon a baseline assessment of where the Tribe currently is in terms of alternative and renewable energy activities; a vision of where the Tribe wants to go; and an action plan of how the Tribe will reach its vision including the identification of viable energy options based on the long-term strategic plan of the Tribe.

  1. An Ant Colony System Based Energy Prediction Routing Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhen-wei Shen; Yi-hua Zhu; Xian-zhong Tian; Yi-ping Tang

    2008-01-01

    Routing algorithms play important roles in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Usually, nodes in a WSN run on battery with limited power. Hence, routing with efficient power consumption is becoming a critical issue for WSNs. In this paper, a routing algorithm, referred to as Energy Prediction and Ant Colony Optimization Routing (EPACOR), is proposed. In the EPACOR, when a node needs

  2. The quality transformation: A catalyst for achieving energy`s strategic vision

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-01-01

    This plan describes the initial six corporate quality goals for DOE. It also includes accompanying performance measures which will help DOE determine progress towards meeting these goals. The six goals are: (1) There is effective use of performance measurement based on regular assessment of Energy operations using the Presidential Award for Quality, the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, or equivalent criteria. (2) All managers champion continuous quality improvement training for all employees through planning, attendance, and active application. (3) The Department leadership has provided the environment in which employees are enabled to satisfy customer requirements and realize their full potential. (4) The Department management practices foster employee involvement, development and recognition. (5) The Department continuously improves customer service and satisfaction, and internal and external customers recognize Energy as an excellent service provider. (6) The Department has a system which aligns strategic and operational planning with strategic intent, ensures this planning drives resource allocation, provides for regular evaluation of results, and provides feedback.

  3. AN EVALUATION OF THE STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE PROGRAM OF THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey P. Osleeb

    1979-01-01

    The United States Department of Energy is required by law to plan, acquire, store, and maintain a Strategic Petroleum Reserve of crude oil and petroleum products. This is to be used if there is an interruption in crude oil supply. The plan is described and then analyzed with a linear programming model. The results show that the plan is generally

  4. Industrial Strategic Planning - A New Approach to Developing Energy Efficient Programs 

    E-print Network

    Delgado, R. M.; Mitchell, G. M.

    1983-01-01

    Today's energy environment is a precarious one. Industry is well aware of the situation. Some have developed plans to cope with it, others are taking a 'wait and see' posture. To help in decision making, strategic planning has begun to emerge...

  5. Industrial Strategic Planning - A New Approach to Developing Energy Efficient Programs

    E-print Network

    Delgado, R. M.; Mitchell, G. M.

    1983-01-01

    Today's energy environment is a precarious one. Industry is well aware of the situation. Some have developed plans to cope with it, others are taking a 'wait and see' posture. To help in decision making, strategic planning has begun to emerge...

  6. Managing the Transition State for Energy Strategic Planning

    E-print Network

    Koehler, T. A.

    -to-day business management and long-range business planning. * Identify and implement opportunities for cost-effective profit improvement and energy-reducing product quality improvement opportunities. * Incorporate cost-effective energy management... systems to insure cost-effective performance. * Promote awareness and encourage proactive participation in energy management by all employees. * Maintain energy management accomplishments. * Maintain expertise in new energy technologies...

  7. Managing the Transition State for Energy Strategic Planning 

    E-print Network

    Koehler, T. A.

    1986-01-01

    Corporate energy conservation programs have made substantial gains in reducing energy consumption during the last decade. The responses to survive the mid-1970's global energy uncertainties were made in a crisis environment. Now, there is a...

  8. Strategic environmental assessment methodologies--applications within the energy sector

    SciTech Connect

    Finnveden, Goeran; Nilsson, Maans; Johansson, Jessica; Persson, Aasa; Moberg, Aasa; Carlsson, Tomas

    2003-01-01

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a procedural tool and within the framework of SEA, several different types of analytical tools can be used in the assessment. Several analytical tools are presented and their relation to SEA is discussed including methods for future studies, Life Cycle Assessment, Risk Assessment, Economic Valuation and Multi-Attribute Approaches. A framework for the integration of some analytical tools in the SEA process is suggested. It is noted that the available analytical tools primarily cover some types of environmental impacts related to emissions of pollutants. Tools covering impacts on ecosystems and landscapes are more limited. The relation between application and choice of analytical tools is discussed. It is suggested that SEAs used to support a choice between different alternatives require more quantitative methods, whereas SEAs used to identify critical aspects and suggest mitigation strategies can suffice with more qualitative methods. The possible and desired degree of site-specificity in the assessment can also influence the choice of methods. It is also suggested that values and world views can be of importance for judging whether different types of tools and results are meaningful and useful. Since values and world views differ between different stakeholders, consultation and understanding are important to ensure credibility and relevance.

  9. College of Engineering Energy Strategic Planning Committee: Interim Report

    E-print Network

    Fang, Yuguang "Michael"

    fusion, 3) Develop carbon sequestration methods, and 4) Provide access to clean water. The 2008 DOE-generation, renewable fuels, smart grids, energy scavenging, low energy computing, carbon sequestration, clean

  10. Strategic Facilities Management Using Public and Private Funding for Energy Projects: A Case Study

    E-print Network

    Khan, S.; Bible, M.; Strybos, J.

    2012-01-01

    E:\\ICEBO 2012\\1FINAL PAPERS\\21 ACCD -PPP ICEBO 12 Paper (REV 03 8.10.12).docx Strategic Facilities Management Using Public and Private Funding for Energy Projects: A Case Study Saleem Khan1, Mitch Bible1, and John Strybos2 1 Texas Energy....energy.gov/wip/pdfs/sep_rlf.pdf. Khan, S. (2012), Facilities energy cost reduction measures, Project Delivery and Funding Options, TAPPA 2012 presentation, San Antonio, TX. Wei, G., Verdict, M., Martinez, J. (2005), Advantages of financing continuous commissioning? as an energy...

  11. PERSPECTIVE: Cultivating Strategic Foresight for Energy and Environmental Security

    SciTech Connect

    Bray, David A.; Costigan, Sean; Daum, Keith; Lavoix, Helene; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Pallaris, Chris

    2009-10-01

    Disastrous social, economic, and political instability can result from limited energy resources or deteriorating environmental conditions. Historically, understanding and preparing for potential turbulent events posed significant challenges for governments, due in part to complex connections and dependencies associated with multiple, inter-related issues. Moving forward, we propose world governments can better mitigate and even avert energy and environmental disasters by cultivating a shared, diverse community of physical and social scientists, engineers, security analysts, and other professionals from related fields to share concerns, discuss ideas, and coalesce key concepts from the vast amount of data available about energy and environmental issues. Bringing relevant parties from multiple disciplines into a dynamic, diverse, and more transparent forum will produce a greater range of discussion, deliberation, and feasible solutions to help address uncertain, global energy and environmental concerns of both the present-day and our future.

  12. 1994 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Fueling a Competitive Economy

    SciTech Connect

    None,

    1994-04-01

    The Department of Energy has a rich heritage of meeting important national goals in the areas of energy, national security, science, and technology. The end of the Cold War, and the election of President Clinton, have given us a new national agenda. Through a comprehensive strategic planning process, we have determined that the Department must now unleash its extraordinary scientific and technical talent and resources on new and more sharply focused goals: fueling a competitive economy, improving the environment through waste management and pollution prevention, and reducing the nuclear danger.

  13. Global energy gradients and size in colonial organisms: Worker mass and worker number

    E-print Network

    Kaspari, Mike

    by independently changing worker mass and or worker number. In a survey of 49 ecosystems from tundra to tropical (family Formicidae) are colonial ectotherms that are important players in every terrestrial biome from tundra to rainforest (19, 23) and whose distribution thus spans global gradients of NPP and T. Studies

  14. Colonial Williamsburg

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In 1926, at the urging of the Revered Dr. D.A.R. Goodwin, John D. Rockefeller Jr. began a complex and elaborate restoration project in the quiet town of Williamsburg that sought to preserve a few of the more important Revolutionary War-era buildings around the town. The project became increasingly ambitious, and eventually grew to encompass around 85 percent of the town's area from the 18th century. Today, Colonial Williamsburg is the world's largest living history museum, and is noted for its ability to incorporate and interpret diverse perspectives on America's colonial period. Those persons unable to visit Colonial Williamsburg in person may want to first peruse the "Explore & Learn" section of the site, where they can learn about the different social and ethnic groups that inhabited the town (such as African-American slaves and colonial children), and see the various buildings within the community. The archaeology section of the site is particularly compelling, as visitors can learn about the many ongoing projects underway, and younger users can learn about the practice of archaeology through various games, quizzes, and puzzles. Additionally, users can read selected articles from the organization's popular history magazine, "Colonial Williamsburg," dating back to 1992. [KMG

  15. Energy Integration for 2050 - A Strategic Impact Model (2050 SIM), Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2010-10-01

    The United States (U.S.) energy infrastructure is among the most reliable, accessible, and economic in the world. On the other hand, it is also excessively reliant on foreign energy sources, experiences high volatility in energy prices, does not always practice good stewardship of finite indigenous energy resources, and emits significant quantities of greenhouse gas. The U.S. Department of Energy is conducting research and development on advanced nuclear reactor concepts and technologies, including High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) technologies, directed at helping the United States meet its current and future energy challenges. This report discusses the Draft Strategic Impact Model (SIM), an initial version of which was created during the later part of FY-2010. SIM was developed to analyze and depict the benefits of various energy sources in meeting the energy demand and to provide an overall system understanding of the tradeoffs between building and using HTGRs versus other existing technologies for providing energy (heat and electricity) to various energy-use sectors in the United States. This report also provides the assumptions used in the model, the rationale for the methodology, and the references for the source documentation and source data used in developing the SIM.

  16. Towards a structured approach to Strategic Environmental Assessment: A case study of Canadian energy policy alternatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noble, Bram F.

    Considerable attention has been given to the role of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in policy, plan and program (PPP) assessment; however, there is still very little consensus on appropriate methodologies for SEA. Despite calls for SEA to develop more independently of project-level assessment, existing SEA methodologies still tend to be based on project-level EIA principles, rather than also on a trickling down of objectives of broader environmental policy. This thesis argues that if SEA is to advance in application and effectiveness then a different, but structured methodological framework is required. While SEA can perhaps utilize many of the existing methods and techniques from project-level assessment, the types of questions being addressed in strategic assessment are inherently different from those in project-level assessment. Accordingly, a different methodological assessment framework is required for SEA. The emphasis of strategic assessment is on the development of an appropriate strategy for action, addressing alternative courses of action, rather than the assessment of the potential impacts of a pre-determined option. In order to accomplish this, SEA methodology must be more broad brush than project-level assessment in order to allow the assessment of both the more general policy issues and the more technical plan and program issues. Similar to project-level assessment, however, a structured framework is desired in order to facilitate a more systematic and replicable assessment process. This thesis develops a structured, generic seven-phase assessment framework to guide SEA application. The framework is demonstrated through a case study SEA of potential Canadian energy policy alternatives. Through the use of a modified policy-type Delphi and multi-criteria analytical methods, alternative options for Canadian energy policy are evaluated and the 'best practicable environmental option' is determined. While the geographic scale of the case study and the number of participants involved is perhaps not pragmatic with respect to 'real-world' policy SEA, it does serve to demonstrate the utility of the proposed SEA framework. The emphasis of this research is on the process of strategic assessment, rather than the policy implications of the results of the case study. A number of specific recommendations for 'good-practice' SEA are presented, and key issues are raised for future SEA research.

  17. Biochemical composition, energy content and chemical antifeedant and antifoulant defenses of the colonial Antarctic ascidian Distaplia cylindrica

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. B. McClintock; M. O. Amsler; C. D. Amsler; K. J. Southworth; C. Petrie; B. J. Baker

    2004-01-01

    The colonial ascidian Distaplia cylindrica occurs both as scattered individual colonies or in “gardens” of colonies in fine-grained soft substrata below 20 m depths off Anvers Island along the Antarctic Peninsula. Individual colonies, shaped as tall rod-like cylinders and anchored in the sediments by a bulbous base, may measure up to 7 m in height. D. cylindrica represent a considerable source of

  18. Reconstruction for energy efficiency, incentive mechanism strategic logistics, a way to evolve towards a lean organization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manuel Carrasqueira; V. Cruz Machado

    2007-01-01

    This paper attempts to show how lean thinking and strategic logistics concepts applied to organization's design and structure can result on an effective and efficient approach. Considering strategic logistics functions we developed and been testing a strategic logistics organization model in accordance with lean thinking principles. This simplified organization structure with only two branches or dimensions - logistics and mission

  19. United States Department of Energy strategic petroleum reserve: Environmental monitoring report: Annual 1986

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-04-01

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) consists of six Gulf Coast underground salt dome oil storage complexes (four in Louisiana and two in Texas) and a marine terminal facility (in Louisiana). The environmental program is implemented by the management, operations and maintenance (MOM) contractor for the SPR on behalf of the Department of Energy. A primary goal of the MOM contractor is to ensure that all SPR activities are conducted in accordance with sound environmental practices. Effective environmental monitoring provides a mechanism for assessing the impact of SPR activity on air, surface water, and ground water. Environmental monitoring during 1986 showed no adverse environmental impact resulting from SPR activities. 20 refs., 8 figs., 13 tabs. (AT)

  20. Plan for certification and related activities for the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil storage caverns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Goin

    1983-01-01

    In order to comply with state laws, protect the environment, and protect the national investment in oil stored, it is necessary to periodically verify the integrity of the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (DOE\\/SPR) oil storage caverns. The task of developing plans for cavern certification was a responsibility in Sandia's role of geotechnical support for the SPR program. As

  1. Sandia Strategic Plan 1997

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    Sandia embarked on its first exercise in corporate strategic planning during the winter of 1989. The results of that effort were disseminated with the publication of Strategic Plan 1990. Four years later Sandia conducted their second major planning effort and published Strategic Plan 1994. Sandia`s 1994 planning effort linked very clearly to the Department of Energy`s first strategic plan, Fueling a Competitive Economy. It benefited as well from the leadership of Lockheed Martin Corporation, the management and operating contractor. Lockheed Martin`s corporate success is founded on visionary strategic planning and annual operational planning driven by customer requirements and technology opportunities. In 1996 Sandia conducted another major planning effort that resulted in the development of eight long-term Strategic Objectives. Strategic Plan 1997 differs from its predecessors in that the robust elements of previous efforts have been integrated into one comprehensive body. The changes implemented so far have helped establish a living strategic plan with a stronger business focus and with clear deployment throughout Sandia. The concept of a personal line of sight for all employees to this strategic plan and its objectives, goals, and annual milestones is becoming a reality.

  2. Enzymes, energy, and the environment: A strategic perspective on the US Department of Energy's Research and Development activities for bioethanol

    SciTech Connect

    Sheehan, J.; Himmel, M.

    1999-10-01

    For well over one hundred years, researchers around the world have pursued ways to make ethanol from biomass such as wood, grasses, and waste materials. To distinguish it from ethanol made from starch and sugars in traditional agricultural crops, the authors refer to ethanol made from biomass as bioethanol. The effort to develop bioethanol technology gained significant momentum in the late 1970s as a result of the energy crises that occurred in that decade. This article briefly reviews the broader history of bioethanol technology development. With this as a background, the authors focus their attention on the strategic thinking behind the US Department of Energy's Bioethanol Program, which envisions remarkable advances in cellulase enzyme research and as the basis for significant future process cost reductions.

  3. Energy consumption optimize based on ant colony algorithm for wireless sensor networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lianyu Wang; Qinglin Sun; Hongwen Mal

    2010-01-01

    Limited energy is one of the most special characteristics of WSN, how to use the limited resources available at each sensor node more efficiently is very important. Several researches were done before, aiming to cut down the WSNs' whole energy consumption, but their simulation results showed that the main node nearest to the sink node always have much higher energy

  4. Nitrogen leak test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (DOE\\/SPR) Well 102A at Bayou Choctaw

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Goin

    1983-01-01

    A nitrogen leak test was made of the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Well 102A at Bayou Choctaw in May to June 1982. The test indicated a well leak rate of 32 bbls\\/yr of nitrogen at a pressure of 1844 psia, well within the SPR leak rate criterion of 100 bbls\\/yr. The test was made with a layer of

  5. The ENERGY STAR® Plant Label: A Valuable Component of Strategic Corporate Energy Management 

    E-print Network

    Tunnessen, W.

    2008-01-01

    ENERGY STAR is the national symbol for energy efficiency and environmental performance recognized by roughly 70% of the American people. In September 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) extend the brand to industrial plants...

  6. The ENERGY STAR® Plant Label: A Valuable Component of Strategic Corporate Energy Management

    E-print Network

    Tunnessen, W.

    2008-01-01

    ENERGY STAR is the national symbol for energy efficiency and environmental performance recognized by roughly 70% of the American people. In September 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) extend the brand to industrial plants...

  7. Pigouvian taxation of energy for flow and stock externalities and strategic, noncompetitive energy pricing

    SciTech Connect

    Wirl, F. (Technical Univ. of Vienna (Austria))

    1994-01-01

    The literature on energy and carbon taxes is by and large concerned about the derivation of (globally) efficient strategies. In contrast, this paper considers the dynamic interactions between cartelized energy suppliers and a consumers' government that collectively taxes energy carriers for Pigouvian motives. Two different kinds of external costs are associated with energy consumption: flow (e.g., acid rain) and stock externalities (e.g., global warming). The dynamic interactions between a consumers' government and a producers' cartel are modeled as a differential game with a subgame perfect Nash equilibrium in linear and nonlinear Markov strategies. The major implications are that the nonlinear solutions are Pareto-inferior to the linear strategies and energy suppliers may preempt energy taxation and thereby may raise the price at front; however, this effect diminishes over time because the producers' price declines, while taxes increase. 22 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  8. Ant colony optimization for wireless sensor networks routing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jian-Feng Yan; Yang Gao; Lu Yang

    2011-01-01

    Due to energy limitation of sensors, maximization of lifetime is the key to performance of WSN routing protocol. In this paper, we introduce a heuristic way to reduce energy consumption in WSNs routing process using Ant Colony Optimization. We introduce three Ant Colony Optimization algorithms, the Ant System, Ant Colony System and improved AS and their application in WSN routing

  9. Colonial Invasions, Colonial Lives History 302

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    , and printed collections of these documents published at a later date. #12;2 1. Use QCAT A. Search by Subject or Keyword You can locate items in the library by searching QCAT by doing a keyword search and then adding of Mexico Check QCAT for call numbers and location. Colonial Spanish America: a Documentary History Colonial

  10. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-11-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facilities program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this November 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the status of storage facilities, oil acquisition, budget and costs of the Reserve during the period July 1, 1992, through September 30, 1992.

  11. Strategic Planning of Communications and Knowledge Transfer for the Solar Energy Technologies Program

    SciTech Connect

    Pedigo, S.; Nahan, R.; Moon, S.; Gwinner, D.; Zuboy, J.; Brooks, C.; Wilson, T.; Hassett, R.; Burt, W. B.

    2005-11-01

    The goal of the Solar Communications Team is to get the right information to the right people at the right time in the right form at the right cost, and to measure the effectiveness of projects and our strategic communications plan. Our communications efforts in FY 2005 emphasized the following: 1) Reaching the Buildings and Consumer audiences (e.g., Solar Decathlon, International Builders' Show). 2) Developing and distributing critical program documents to key stakeholders (e.g., Solar Program Review Meeting Proceedings, Industry Roadmap, second Multi-Year Program Plan). 3) Conducting a gap analysis of communications products and evaluating their effectiveness. 4) Working with our program management to streamline business processes and improve communications of management expectations. 5) Developing and maintaining content for all Solar Program Web sites that reflect research and program accomplishments. 6) Representing the interests of the Solar Program at strategic events (technical conferences, meetings, workshops, community events).

  12. Form and metabolic scaling in colonial animals.

    PubMed

    Hartikainen, Hanna; Humphries, Stuart; Okamura, Beth

    2014-03-01

    Benthic colonial organisms exhibit a wide variation in size and shape and provide excellent model systems for testing the predictions of models that describe the scaling of metabolic rate with organism size. We tested the hypothesis that colony form will influence metabolic scaling and its derivatives by characterising metabolic and propagule production rates in three species of freshwater bryozoans that vary in morphology and module organisation and which demonstrate two- and three-dimensional growth forms. The results were evaluated with respect to predictions from two models for metabolic scaling. Isometric metabolic scaling in two-dimensional colonies supported predictions of a model based on dynamic energy budget theory (DEB) and not those of a model based on fractally branching supply networks. This metabolic isometry appears to be achieved by equivalent energy budgets of edge and central modules, in one species (Cristatella mucedo) via linear growth and in a second species (Lophopus crystallinus) by colony fission. Allometric scaling characterised colonies of a three-dimensional species (Fredericella sultana), also providing support for the DEB model. Isometric scaling of propagule production rates for C. mucedo and F. sultana suggests that the number of propagules produced in colonies increases in direct proportion with the number of modules within colonies. Feeding currents generated by bryozoans function in both food capture and respiration, thus linking metabolic scaling with dynamics of self-shading and resource capture. Metabolic rates fundamentally dictate organismal performance (e.g. growth, reproduction) and, as we show here, are linked with colony form. Metabolic profiles and associated variation in colony form should therefore influence the outcome of biotic interactions in habitats dominated by colonial animals and may drive patterns of macroevolution. PMID:24265433

  13. A Strategic Plan Is Just the Beginning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, E. B.

    2009-01-01

    The process of strategic planning wears out institutions. Strategic planning, pursued with high purpose and energy, is enervating and exhausting. In this article, the author describes the value-added work of trustees in high-performing boards and discusses the role boards of trustees play as the process of continuous strategic planning unfolds.…

  14. VETERINARY MEDICINE Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    not currently reported in the United States, but with the potential to emerge here in the futureCOLLEGE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE Strategic Plan College of Veterinary Medicine The Ohio State our energy and efforts must be focused on creating a successful and very different future

  15. EMSL Strategic Plan 2008

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allison A

    2008-01-01

    This Strategic Plan is EMSLs template for achieving our vision of simultaneous excellence in all aspects of our mission as a national scientific user facility. It reflects our understanding of the long-term stewardship we must work toward to meet the scientific challenges of the Department of Energy and the nation. During the next decade, we will implement the strategies contained

  16. Strategic Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vivelo, Frank Robert

    1992-01-01

    Describes the future environment facing community colleges, addressing the service population, demands for accountability and quality, and the need for currency. Identifies seven areas a strategic plan should address (e.g., mission, student success, instructional quality, resource development, diversity, operational efficiency, and community…

  17. Strategic Staffing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Ann B.

    2012-01-01

    Business and industry leaders do not flinch at the idea of placing top talent in struggling departments and divisions. This is not always the case in public education. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools made a bold statement to its community in its strategic plan by identifying two key reform levers--(1) an effective principal leading each school;…

  18. LEPTOSPIRAL COLONIAL MORPHOLOGY

    PubMed Central

    Stalheim, O. H. V.; Wilson, J. B.

    1963-01-01

    Stalheim, O. H. V. (University of Wisconsin, Madison) and J. B. Wilson. Leptospiral colonial morphology. J. Bacteriol. 86:482–489. 1963.—A sequence of apparent colonial types was observed with colonies of Leptospira pomona, L. canicola, L. icterohaemorrhagiae, and L. grippotyphosa in agar medium. Although some colonies of these serotypes had a different appearance initially, they eventually developed the mature or final appearance characteristic of the serotype. Colonies of freshly isolated, virulent cultures of L. pomona, L. canicola, and L. icterohaemorrhagiae were similar in appearance to colonies of avirulent strains of the same serotype. Additional studies of three stable and distinct colonial types of a laboratory strain of L. autumnalis revealed no differences in antigenicity, catalase activity, or mouse infectivity; however, differences in susceptibility to lysis by oleic acid were found. Although the colonial variants were stable during several in vitro variations, including growth in the presence of homologous antiserum and mutation to growth in a chemically characterized medium, rapid dissociation in vivo was found. Images PMID:14066425

  19. A strategic value management approach for energy and maintenance management in a building

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nawi, Mohd Nasrun Mohd; Dahlan, Nofri Yenita; Nadarajan, Santhirasegaran

    2015-05-01

    Fragmentation process is always been highlighted by the stakeholders in the construction industry as one of the `critical' issue that diminishing the opportunity for stakeholders that involved during the operation and maintenance stage to influence design decisions. Failure of design professionals to consider how a maintenance contractor or facility manager will construct the design thus results in higher operating cost, wastage, defects during the maintenance and operation process. Moving towards team integration is considered a significant strategy for overcoming the issue. Value Management is a style of management dedicated to guiding people and promoting innovation with the aim to improve overall building performance through structured, team-oriented exercises which make explicit, and appraise subsequent decisions, by reference to the value requirements of the clients. Accordingly, this paper discusses the fragmentation issue in more detail including the definition, causes and effects to the maintenance and operation of building and at the same time will highlighted the potential of VM integrated team approach as a strategic management approach for overcoming that issue. It also explores that the team integration strategy alleviates scheduling problems, delays and disputes during the construction process, and, hence, prevent harming the overall building performance.

  20. Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Strategic Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Bryan Hoover

    2009-11-16

    This plan discusses the current energy use on the Lac du Flambeau Reservation, the current status of the Tribe's energy program, as well as the issues and concerns with energy on the reservation. This plan also identifies and outlines energy opportunities, goals, and objectives for the Tribe to accomplish. The overall goal of this plan is to address the energy situation of the reservation in a holistic manner for the maximum benefit to the Tribe. This plan is an evolving document that will be re-evaluated as the Tribe's energy situation changes.

  1. Strategic Energy Planning (Area 1) Consultants Reports to Citizen Potawatomi Nation Federally Recognized Indian Tribe

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Marvin; Bose, James; Beier, Richard; Chang, Young Bae

    2004-12-01

    The assets that Citizen Potawatomi Nation holds were evaluated to help define the strengths and weaknesses to be used in pursuing economic prosperity. With this baseline assessment, a Planning Team will create a vision for the tribe to integrate into long-term energy and business strategies. Identification of energy efficiency devices, systems and technologies was made, and an estimation of cost benefits of the more promising ideas is submitted for possible inclusion into the final energy plan. Multiple energy resources and sources were identified and their attributes were assessed to determine the appropriateness of each. Methods of saving energy were evaluated and reported on and potential revenue-generating sources that specifically fit the tribe were identified and reported. A primary goal is to create long-term energy strategies to explore development of tribal utility options and analyze renewable energy and energy efficiency options. Associated goals are to consider exploring energy efficiency and renewable economic development projects involving the following topics: (1) Home-scale projects may include construction of a home with energy efficiency or renewable energy features and retrofitting an existing home to add energy efficiency or renewable energy features. (2) Community-scale projects may include medium to large scale energy efficiency building construction, retrofit project, or installation of community renewable energy systems. (3) Small business development may include the creation of a tribal enterprise that would manufacture and distribute solar and wind powered equipment for ranches and farms or create a contracting business to include energy efficiency and renewable retrofits such as geothermal heat pumps. (4) Commercial-scale energy projects may include at a larger scale, the formation of a tribal utility formed to sell power to the commercial grid, or to transmit and distribute power throughout the tribal community, or hydrogen production, and propane and natural-gas distribution systems.

  2. Strategic environments (SWOT) for nuclear energy innovation in the 21. century

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Tae Joon; Oh, Keun-Bae [Nuclear Policy Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, no 150, Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    In prospecting the role of nuclear energy in a future society, it is necessary to foresee the social attitudes towards energy, economy and environment, and to analyze their interactions with the exploitation of nuclear energy itself. As those issues, this article looks upon the change of the socio-economic environment, the concerns about nuclear power and eco-environment, and the sustainability and limits of the energy resources, etc. With this perception, the so-called SWOT analysis is employed to identify the internal strengths (S) and/or weaknesses (W) of nuclear energy compared with other energy competitors on the basis of the evaluation of the external factors which are likely to play the roles of opportunities (O) for and/or threats (T) against the technological change in nuclear energy. (authors)

  3. Strategic Petroleum Reserve

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-02-15

    According to amendments to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act the target size of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is increased to 1 billion barrels, storage of oil not owned by the Federal Government is authorized, and the Reserve may be drawn down to alleviate an interruption in domestic supply. Congress appropriated $200.6 million for Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development, operation, and management during FY 1991. During calendar year 1990, 9.8 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. However, this quantity was offset by the sale of 3.9 million barrels during a test sale of the Reserve's oil in the fourth quarter. As of December 31, 1990, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 585.7 million barrels, a net increase of 5.8 million barrels over the 1989 year-end inventory of 579.9 million barrels. The Department has completed all major surface construction at the six SPR facilities, and cavern development is in progress to achieve 750 million barrels of storage by the end of 1991. During 1990, the Department of Energy conducted a test sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil (TEST SALE-90) to demonstrate the Reserve's drawdown and distribution capabilities. The test commenced on September 28, 1990, with the issuance of a Notice of Sale. Offers to purchase the oil were received on October 5, 1990 and contracts were awarded to eleven companies for a total of 3.925 million barrels by October 18, 1990. Deliveries of the oil to the purchasers commenced on October 19, 1990, and all deliveries were completed by December 2, 1990. The report gives details on all of these activities. 8 figs., 11 tabs.

  4. Explore Colonial Boston

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-06-18

    Explore the town of Boston and its natural and human-made features in colonial times in this interactive activity produced by WGBH and featuring materials from the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library.

  5. Growth of Bacterial Colonies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warren, Mya; Hwa, Terence

    2013-03-01

    On hard agar gel, there is insufficient surface hydration for bacteria to swim or swarm. Instead, growth occurs in colonies of close-packed cells, which expand purely due to repulsive interactions: individual bacteria push each other out of the way through the force of their growth. In this way, bacterial colonies represent a new type of ``active'' granular matter. In this study, we investigate the physical, biochemical, and genetic elements that determine the static and dynamic aspects of this mode of bacterial growth for E. coli. We characterize the process of colony expansion empirically, and use discrete and continuum models to examine the extent to which our observations can be explained by the growth characteristics of non-communicating cells, coupled together by physical forces, nutrients, and waste products. Our results challenge the commonly accepted modes of bacterial colony growth and provide insight into sources of growth limitation in crowded bacterial communities.

  6. EMSL Strategic Plan 2008

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, Allison A.

    2008-08-15

    This Strategic Plan is EMSL’s template for achieving our vision of simultaneous excellence in all aspects of our mission as a national scientific user facility. It reflects our understanding of the long-term stewardship we must work toward to meet the scientific challenges of the Department of Energy and the nation. During the next decade, we will implement the strategies contained in this Plan, working closely with the scientific community, our advisory committees, DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research, and other key stakeholders. This Strategic Plan is fully aligned with the strategic plans of DOE and its Office of Science. We recognize that shifts in science and technology, national priorities, and resources made available through the Federal budget process create planning uncertainties and, ultimately, a highly dynamic planning environment. Accordingly, this Strategic Plan should be viewed as a living document for which we will continually evaluate changing needs and opportunities posed by our stakeholders (i.e., DOE, users, staff, advisory committees), work closely with them to understand and respond to those changes, and align our strategy accordingly.

  7. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Plan An Integrated Strategic Plan for the

    E-print Network

    ), the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery, academia, and other stakeholders to develop, advance, and enable the widespread use of key energy and members of the general public. For more information, contact: FuelCells@ee.doe.gov Fuel Cell

  8. Thinking strategically.

    PubMed

    Goree, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Over the course of the past 20 years, human resources has tried a variety of strategic initiatives to add value to the working environment, from the alphabets of TQM, CQI, EVA, ROI, ISO, QS, Theory X, Y, Z, Generation X and Y to re-engineering, balanced scorecard, lean, hoshin, six sigma, to Margaret Wheatley's "The Simpler Way" and finally to cheese and fish. The problem is that none of these is a strategy. They are all tactics to accomplish or achieve a strategy. PMID:12355627

  9. Creating Reliable Data and Reporting to Support Strategic Energy Management at Corning Incorporated

    E-print Network

    Garforth, P.

    2014-01-01

    Performance Reporting Performance Indexes – Usage, Cost and GHG Corp Division Site $energy / $sales kWhe / $sales mt GHG / M$sales $energy / UoSP & IFs kWhe / UoSP & IFs kg GHG / UoSP & IFs $energy / UoSP & IFs kWhe / UoSP & IFs kg GHG / UoSP & IFs Align... Accounting Data Gas-electric-LNG-propane, fuel oil, aviation fuel 2011 on UoSP / IF data DIV A DIV B DIV C DIV D DIV E DIV F DIV G Automatic Energy Management Corporate and Divisional Productivity Reporting A pdf/ppt B pdf/ppt C pdf/ppt D pdf/ppt E pdf...

  10. Strategic Industrial Energy Efficiency: Reduce Expenses, Build Revenues, and Control Risk 

    E-print Network

    Russell, C.

    2004-01-01

    advocates celebrate examples of successful industrial energy management in an attempt to encourage others to follow. That promotion has not always been effective. Advocates have historically promoted energy efficiency as its own good outcome... to implementation is to ?do nothing.? Efficiency advocates will make greater progress if they offer the industrial sector meaningful solutions to their current business needs. Any outreach to industry should provide a business philosophy that clearly...

  11. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-05-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. This May 15, 1990, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1990 through March 31, 1990. 3 tabs.

  12. Strategic environmental assessment of energy planning tools. A study of Italian regions and provinces

    SciTech Connect

    De Montis, Andrea, E-mail: andreadm@uniss.it

    2014-04-01

    SEA has been applied in different ways in EU energy and environmental planning instruments, because different member states have interpreted European Directive 2001/42/CE in a variety of ways. Italy, for example, has only recently completed the integration of the directive into its legislation, through a number of decrees which were approved between 2006 and 2010. As a result SEA practice in Italy is very fragmented, particularly with respect to energy planning, and needs to be steered towards homogeneous quality objectives. The aim of this paper is to study the quality of the SEA reports on the energy and environmental planning tools used by Italian regions and provinces. We study nine cases and use the methodology suggested by Fisher (2010) in his review of the quality of SEA. To be more precise, we integrate the views of external evaluators with those of a selection of the personnel directly involved in preparing the plans. Our results show that there are some differences in the quality scores given by the outsiders and insiders, although the two groups identified similar strengths and weaknesses in implementing SEA. - Highlights: • This is a comparative study on SEA report quality within Italian energy planning tools. • In Italy, the level of SEA implementation on energy planning is still poor. • External academic experts and internal officers assessed SEA reports' quality. • Outsiders and insiders unveil a similar judgement. • Most critical remarks concern consultation, monitoring measures, and follow-up.

  13. Strategic outlook for the US Dept. of Energy uranium enrichment enterprise

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1987-01-01

    Mounting problems in the early 1980s resulted in a business crisis for the US uranium enrichment enterprise. To address these problems, the US Dept. of Energy (DOE) developed and announced in 1984 a plan for reestablishing its competitive position in the world marketplace. This recovery plan has been very successful. The US DOE is now implementing the third phase of

  14. Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rich Johnson; Kimberlyn C. Mousseau; Hyung Lee

    2011-01-01

    NE-KAMS knowledge base will assist computational analysts, physics model developers, experimentalists, nuclear reactor designers, and federal regulators by: (1) Establishing accepted standards, requirements and best practices for V&V and UQ of computational models and simulations, (2) Establishing accepted standards and procedures for qualifying and classifying experimental and numerical benchmark data, (3) Providing readily accessible databases for nuclear energy related experimental

  15. Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-01-01

    The Nuclear Energy Computational Fluid Dynamics Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-CAMS) system is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Utah State University (USU), and other interested parties with the objective of developing and implementing a comprehensive and readily accessible data and information management system for

  16. STRATEGIC ISSUES EMT 715 Strategic Business Management

    E-print Network

    Yang, Eui-Hyeok

    STRATEGIC ISSUES EMT 715 Strategic Business Management EMT 714 Technology Strategy PEOPLE INTERNATIONAL EMT 630 Global Business & Markets INNOVATION & NEW PRODUCT/BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT EMT 752 Corporate Entrepreneuring EMT 810 Human Centered Design FUNCT IONAL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT EMT 624 Financial

  17. Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    SciTech Connect

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-10-01

    The Nuclear Energy Computational Fluid Dynamics Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-CAMS) system is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Utah State University (USU), and other interested parties with the objective of developing and implementing a comprehensive and readily accessible data and information management system for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) verification and validation (V&V) in support of nuclear energy systems design and safety analysis. The two key objectives of the NE-CAMS effort are to identify, collect, assess, store and maintain high resolution and high quality experimental data and related expert knowledge (metadata) for use in CFD V&V assessments specific to the nuclear energy field and to establish a working relationship with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to develop a CFD V&V database, including benchmark cases, that addresses and supports the associated NRC regulations and policies on the use of CFD analysis. In particular, the NE-CAMS system will support the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Program, which aims to develop and deploy advanced modeling and simulation methods and computational tools for reliable numerical simulation of nuclear reactor systems for design and safety analysis. Primary NE-CAMS Elements There are four primary elements of the NE-CAMS knowledge base designed to support computer modeling and simulation in the nuclear energy arena as listed below. Element 1. The database will contain experimental data that can be used for CFD validation that is relevant to nuclear reactor and plant processes, particularly those important to the nuclear industry and the NRC. Element 2. Qualification standards for data evaluation and classification will be incorporated and applied such that validation data sets will result in well-defined, well-characterized data. Element 3. Standards will be established for the design and operation of experiments for the generation of new validation data sets that are to be submitted to NE-CAMS that addresses the completeness and characterization of the dataset. Element 4. Standards will be developed for performing verification and validation (V&V) to establish confidence levels in CFD analyses of nuclear reactor processes; such processes will be acceptable and recognized by both CFD experts and the NRC.

  18. Strategic Planning: What's so Strategic about It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strong, Bart

    2005-01-01

    The words "strategic" and "planning" used together can lead to confusion unless one spent the early years of his career in never-ending, team-oriented, corporate training sessions. Doesn't "strategic" have something to do with extremely accurate bombing or a defensive missile system or Star Wars or something? Don't "strategic" and "planning" both…

  19. The strategic planning process: The future of renewable energy planning: An application to the renewable energy industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gayoso, Romulo W.

    Renewable energy resources (wind, solar, and geothermal energy) became focus of attention in recent years. Even though they exhibit some very desirable characteristics such as low carbon emission and mass appeal, it is also true implementation of renewable energy sources face formidable challenges. This paper will leverage the existing literature and combine it with energy planner perspectives in order to consider feasible ways to overcome key difficulties industry members face in their effort to popularize wind and solar energy alternatives. This study will also leverage specialists' knowledge in order to create a shared vision of success to assist policymakers in their goal to reduce the country's dependency on nonrenewable energy sources.

  20. Department of Energy's Biological and Environmental Research Strategic Data Roadmap for Earth System Science

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, Dean N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Palanisamy, Giri [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Shipman, Galen [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Boden, Thomas A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Voyles, Jimmy W. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2014-04-25

    Rapid advances in experimental, sensor, and computational technologies and techniques are driving exponential growth in the volume, acquisition rate, variety, and complexity of scientific data. This wealth of scientifically meaningful data has tremendous potential to lead to scientific discovery. However, to achieve scientific breakthroughs, these data must be exploitable—they must be analyzed effectively and efficiently and the results shared and communicated easily within the wider Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) community. The explosion in data complexity and scale makes these tasks exceedingly difficult to achieve, particularly given that an increasing number of disciplines are working across techniques, integrating simulation and experimental or observational results (see Table 5 in Appendix 2). Consequently, we need new approaches to data management, analysis, and visualization that provide research teams with easy-to-use and scalable end-to-end solutions. These solutions must facilitate (and where feasible, automate and capture) every stage in the data lifecycle (shown in Figure 1), from collection to management, annotation, sharing, discovery, analysis, and visualization. In addition, the core functionalities are the same across climate science communities, but they require customization to adapt to specific needs and fit into research and analysis workflows. To this end, the mission of CESD’s Data and Informatics Program is to integrate all existing and future distributed CESD data holdings into a seamless and unified environment for the acceleration of Earth system science.

  1. Strategic planning at the national level: Evaluating and ranking energy projects by environmental impact

    SciTech Connect

    Thorhallsdottir, Thora Ellen [Institute of Biology, Department of Biology, Askja Natural Sciences Building, Sturlugata 7, 104 Reykjavik (Iceland)]. E-mail: theth@hi.is

    2007-08-15

    A method for evaluating and ranking energy alternatives based on impact upon the natural environment and cultural heritage was developed as part of the first phase of an Icelandic framework plan for the use of hydropower and geothermal energy. The three step procedure involved assessing i) site values and ii) development impacts within a multi-criteria analysis, and iii) ranking the alternatives from worst to best choice from an environmental-cultural heritage point of view. The natural environment was treated as four main classes (landscape + wilderness, geology + hydrology, species, and ecosystem/habitat types + soils), while cultural heritage constituted one class. Values and impacts were assessed within a common matrix with 6 agglomerated attributes: 1) diversity, richness, 2) rarity, 3) size (area), completeness, pristineness, 4) information (epistemological, typological, scientific and educational) and symbolic value, 5) international responsibility, and 6) scenic value. Standardized attribute scores were used to derive total class scores whose weighted sums yielded total site value and total impact. The final output was a one-dimensional ranking obtained by Analytical Hierarchical Process considering total predicted impacts, total site values, risks and uncertainties as well as special site values. The value/impact matrix is compact (31 cell scores) but was considered to be of sufficient resolution and has the advantage of facilitating overview and communication of the methods and results. The classes varied widely in the extent to which value assessments could be based on established scientific procedures and the project highlighted the immense advantage of an internationally accepted frame of reference, first for establishing the theoretical and scientific foundation, second as a tool for evaluation, and third for allowing a global perspective.

  2. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-08-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) Public Law 94-163, approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disroptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facilities program for the 750 minion barrels was completed in 1991, this August 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1992, through June 30, 1992.

  3. Queen movement during colony emigration in the facultatively polygynous ant Pachycondyla obscuricornis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pezon, Antoine; Denis, Damien; Cerdan, Philippe; Valenzuela, Jorge; Fresneau, Dominique

    2005-01-01

    In ants, nest relocations are frequent but nevertheless perilous, especially for the reproductive caste. During emigrations, queens are exposed to predation and face the risk of becoming lost. Therefore the optimal strategy should be to move the queen(s) swiftly to a better location, while maintaining maximum worker protection at all times in the new and old nests. The timing of that event is a crucial strategic issue for the colony and may depend on queen number. In monogynous colonies, the queen is vital for colony survival, whereas in polygynous colonies a queen is less essential, if not dispensable. We tested the null hypothesis that queen movement occurs at random within the sequence of emigration events in both monogynous and polygynous colonies of the ponerine ant Pachycondyla obscuricornis. Our study, based on 16 monogynous and 16 polygynous colony emigrations, demonstrates for the first time that regardless of the number of queens per colony, the emigration serial number of a queen occurs in the middle of all emigration events and adult ant emigration events, but not during brood transport events. It therefore appears that the number of workers in both nests plays an essential role in the timing of queen movement. Our results correspond to a robust colony-level strategy since queen emigration is related neither to colony size nor to queen number. Such an optimal strategy is characteristic of ant societies working as highly integrated units and represents a new instance of group-level adaptive behaviors in social insect colonies.

  4. Ant Colony Optimization

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dorigo, Marco

    The Ant Colony Optimization project uses the behavior of ants as a model to solve optimization problems, such as how to minimize Internet traffic congestion. Several downloadable research papers are included on the project's homepage, as well as links to news stories, radio broadcasts, and conference proceedings about ant algorithms.

  5. Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marco Dorigo; Mauro Birattari

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT IN THIS PAPER, WE STUDY THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TWO TECHNIQUES KNOWN AS ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION (ACO) AND STOCHASTIC GRADIENT DESCENT. MORE PRECISELY, WE SHOW THAT SOME EMPIRICAL ACO ALGORITHMS APPROXIMATE STOCHASTIC GRADIENT DESCENT IN THE SPACE OF PHEROMONES, AND WE PROPOSE AN IMPLEMENTATION OF STOCHASTIC GRADIENT DESCENT THAT BELONGS TO THE FAM-ILY OF ACO ALGORITHMS. WE THEN USE

  6. Strategic petroleum reserve annual report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-02-15

    Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94- 163), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual reports to the President and the Congress on activities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). This report describes activities for the year ending December 31, 1995.

  7. Derivation of guidelines for uranium residual radioactive material in soil at the Colonie Site, Colonie, New York

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1996-01-01

    Residual radioactive material guidelines for uranium in soil were derived for the Colonie site located in Colonie, New York. This site has been designated for remedial action under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The site became contaminated with radioactive material as a result of operations conducted by National Lead (NL)

  8. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: United States energy security, oil politics, and petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Andre Beaubouef

    1997-01-01

    The history of U.S. petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century, including the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) program, provides a case study of the economic and political aspects of national security, and shows the ways in which the American political economy influences national security. One key problem plagued federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals throughout the twentieth century. In a

  9. Efficient Division and Sampling of Cell Colonies Using Microcup Arrays

    PubMed Central

    Pai, Jeng-Hao; Kluckman, Kimberly; Cowley, Dale O.; Bortner, Donna M.; Sims, Christopher E.; Allbritton, Nancy L.; Allbritton, Nancy L.

    2012-01-01

    A microengineered array to sample clonal colonies is described. The cells were cultured on an array of individually releasable elements until the colonies expanded to cover multiple elements. Single elements were released using a laser-based system and collected to sample cells from individual colonies. A greater than an 85% rate in splitting and collecting colonies was achieved using a 3-dimensional cup-like design or “microcup”. Surface modification using patterned titanium deposition of the glass substrate improved the stability of microcup adhesion to the glass while enabling minimization of the laser energy for splitting the colonies. Smaller microcup dimensions and slotting the microcup walls reduced the time needed for colonies to expand into multiple microcups. The stem cell colony retained on the array and the collected fraction within released microcups remained undifferentiated and viable. The colony samples were characterized by both reporter gene expression and a destructive assay (PCR) to identify target colonies. The platform is envisioned as a means to rapidly establish cell lines using a destructive assay to identify desired clones. PMID:23099535

  10. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-11-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163). Its purposes are to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the third quarter of calendar year 1995, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve; current storage capacity and ullage available; current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities, major projects and the acquisition of petroleum products; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

  11. Images of Colonialism

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The history of colonialism is a compelling one, and it can be narrated through first-hand documents such as journals, drawings, or photographs. This particular digital collection from the Harvard College Library contains more than 700 images which offer insight into European perspectives on how popular perceptions of Asia and Africa were created and disseminated. The collection is primarily made up of late-19th and early-20th century trade cards and illustrated European newspapers. Visitors can use the collection to draw contrasts between colonial powers, such as the French, the British and the Dutch. First-time visitors will want to dive right into the collection, and the image viewer offered here allows visitors to zoom in for a closer look. While all of the items here are quite worthy, users shouldn't miss the cards created for the Liebig's Extract of Meat Company or the views of Bangkok.

  12. Colony image acquisition and genetic segmentation algorithm and colony analyses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, W. X.

    2012-01-01

    Colony anaysis is used in a large number of engineerings such as food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing. In order to reduce laboring and increase analysis acuracy, many researchers and developers have made efforts for image analysis systems. The main problems in the systems are image acquisition, image segmentation and image analysis. In this paper, to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed. In the box, the distances between lights and dishe, camra lens and lights, and camera lens and dishe are adjusted optimally. In image segmentation, It is based on a genetic approach that allow one to consider the segmentation problem as a global optimization,. After image pre-processing and image segmentation, the colony analyses are perfomed. The colony image analysis consists of (1) basic colony parameter measurements; (2) colony size analysis; (3) colony shape analysis; and (4) colony surface measurements. All the above visual colony parameters can be selected and combined together, used to make a new engineeing parameters. The colony analysis can be applied into different applications.

  13. EXCELLENCE: Academic Strategic

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    ACHIEVING EXCELLENCE: Academic Strategic Positioning 2005­10 #12;Produced by the Office of the Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost #12;ACHIEVING EXCELLENCE: Academic Strategic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 #12;#12;5 ACHIEVING EXCELLENCE: Academic Strategic Positioning 2005­10 #12;InTrOduCTIOn In late

  14. American Strategic Minerals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mangone

    1984-01-01

    American Strategic Minerals brings together seven contributors in the fields of marine studies, mining engineering, earth sciences, and economics to discuss and analyze strategic minerals. The future demands of the United States upon limited sources of supply are examined and there is an analysis of alternative sources of strategic minerals from the seabed, including copper, nickel, manganese, and cobalt. The

  15. Strategic Planning: SRA's Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeland, Carolyn M.

    2002-01-01

    Reflects on the process used by the Society of Research Administrators International (SRA) to establish its 2001-2006 strategic plan, addressing such questions as: What are the underlying principles of strategic planning? What implications does a new strategic plan portend for an organization? (EV)

  16. The Colony of Jamestown

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Shaul

    2009-06-10

    Learn who came over to Jamestown and why they came in the first place! First watch a video about why people came to the Americas: A video that explains why people came to the Americas in the first place Then once they got there, lets find out who was in Jamestown (click on Jamestown on the left hand side): Early American colonization Make sure you read up about the history of Jamestown: History of Jamestown and if thats confusion for you, here's another video: Video about the colony of Jamestown Once ...

  17. Colony image acquisition and segmentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, W. X.

    2007-12-01

    For counting of both colonies and plaques, there is a large number of applications including food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing, AMES testing, pharmaceuticals, paints, sterile fluids and fungal contamination. Recently, many researchers and developers have made efforts for this kind of systems. By investigation, some existing systems have some problems. The main problems are image acquisition and image segmentation. In order to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed as: the box includes front lightning and back lightning, which can be selected by users based on properties of colony dishes. With the illumination box, lightning can be uniform; colony dish can be put in the same place every time, which make image processing easy. The developed colony image segmentation algorithm consists of the sub-algorithms: (1) image classification; (2) image processing; and (3) colony delineation. The colony delineation algorithm main contain: the procedures based on grey level similarity, on boundary tracing, on shape information and colony excluding. In addition, a number of algorithms are developed for colony analysis. The system has been tested and satisfactory.

  18. Strategic Petroleum Reserve

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-02-17

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR's offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR's crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

  19. A methodological approach to strategic petroleum reserves

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JE Samouilidis; SA Berahas

    1982-01-01

    Energy constitutes a small fraction of the production inputs in the economy, yet the rigidity imposed by the short and medium term inability to substitute energy with other production factors in case of an energy shortage, requires the establishment of safeguard mechanisms to ensure sufficient energy supply during an emergency. These safeguards usually take the form of strategic energy reserves.

  20. Ant Colony Optimization From Scholarpedia

    E-print Network

    Libre de Bruxelles, Université

    Ant Colony Optimization From Scholarpedia From Scholarpedia, the free peer-reviewed encyclopedia p.18620 Curator: Marco Dorigo, IRIDIA, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium Ant colony to difficult optimization problems. In ACO, a set of software agents called artificial ants search for good

  1. TEACHING RADICAL HISTORY Gender, Colonialism,

    E-print Network

    Subramanian, Venkat

    TEACHING RADICAL HISTORY Gender, Colonialism, and Feminist Collaboration Antoinette Burton and Jean capitalism, race, and the Radical History Review Issue 101 (Spring 2008) doi 10.1215/01636545-2007-046 © 2008 by MARHO: The Radical Historians' Organization, Inc. 198 #12;Burton and Allman | Gender, Colonialism

  2. Student Discipline in Colonial America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petry, John R.

    The basis for the severe discipline imposed on school children in colonial America, especially in the Puritan colonies, was the belief in original sin. The child was regarded as being born in sin and thus depraved and prone to sin. The purpose of education was to enable children to read the Bible and thus change the behavior which otherwise would…

  3. [Chaotic artificial bee colony algorithm: a new approach to the problem of minimization of energy of the 3D protein structure].

    PubMed

    Wang, Y; Guo, G D; Chen, L F

    2013-01-01

    Frediction of the three-dimensional structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence can be considered as a global optimization problem. In this paper, the Chaotic Artificial Bee Colony (CABC) algorithm was introduced and applied to 3D protein structure prediction. Based on the 3D off-lattice AB model, the CABC algorithm combines global search and local search of the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm with the Chaotic search algorithm to avoid the problem of premature convergence and easily trapping the local optimum solution. The experiments carried out with the popular Fibonacci sequences demonstrate that the proposed algorithm provides an effective and high-performance method for protein structure prediction. PMID:25509864

  4. Process Alignment for Strategic Implementation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bonnie McIlrath; Tim Kotnour

    The contribution of this paper is a methodology for aligning processes to the strategic plan. An organization must be able to align itself with the strategic plan to ensure effective implementation. A key factor for successful strategic implementation is aligning processes to the strategic plan. Once processes are aligned to the strategic plan, objectives, goals, and measures can be utilized

  5. Strategic planning for neuroradiologists.

    PubMed

    Berlin, Jonathan W; Lexa, Frank J

    2012-08-01

    Strategic planning is becoming essential to neuroradiology as the health care environment continues to emphasize cost efficiency, teamwork and collaboration. A strategic plan begins with a mission statement and vision of where the neuroradiology division would like to be in the near future. Formalized strategic planning frameworks, such as the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), and the Balanced Scorecard frameworks, can help neuroradiology divisions determine their current position in the marketplace. Communication, delegation, and accountability in neuroradiology is essential in executing an effective strategic plan. PMID:22902108

  6. SOCIAL WORK Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK Strategic Plan College of Social Work The Ohio State University 2012............................................................................................ 16 #12;i Dear Friends of the College of Social Work: It is a pleasure to share with you the 2012 College of Social Work strategic plan. Our plan builds upon the long tradition of exceptional social work

  7. Strategic Network Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Goetschalckx; Bernhard Fleischmann

    In this chapter we will focus on the long-term, strategic planning and design of the supply chain. During the strategic planning process an organization attempts to design a supply chain, which will enable this organization to maximize its economic performance over an extended period of time. Together with product research and development and marketing, the supply chain is one of

  8. The Strategic Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devine, James T., Ed.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    To add a foundation to the growing excitement among educators about the central role they play in helping learners become strategic readers, the articles in this thematic journal provide insight into current reading theory and practice. Richard Telfer's article reviews research on strategic reading and clarifies what is meant by the phrase…

  9. Classics of American Colonial History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Presented by Dinsmore Documentation, Classics of American Colonial History is a research database consisting of scholarly books and articles on American colonial history that, according to the creators, "appear to be of continuing interest." The collection currently offers 22 source materials by 15 different authors. Browseable by author or subject, the collection contains subject categories including Administration, African Americans and Slavery, Economics and Trade, Immigration from Europe, Law, Native Americans, Politics, Religion, and Wars.

  10. Growing Yeast into Cylindrical Colonies Clement Vulin,

    E-print Network

    Murray, Andrew W.

    , metabolic yield, and nutrient diffusion within a freely growing colony remains a chal- lenge. Most available-to-capture morphogenetic process (1­ 4). Growth morphologies range from the smooth, flat, conical colonies formed nutrients can diffuse into the colony. Also, the presence of surrounding microbial colonies can add another

  11. Ant colony optimization: Introduction and recent trends

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Blum

    2005-01-01

    Ant colony optimization is a technique for optimization that was introduced in the early 1990's. The inspiring source of ant colony optimization is the foraging behavior of real ant colonies. This behavior is exploited in artificial ant colonies for the search of approximate solutions to discrete optimization problems, to continuous optimization problems, and to important problems in telecommunications, such as

  12. Strategic petroleum reserve. Quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-08-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve reduces the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument and an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163). Its purposes are to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1995, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve; current and projected storage capacity, analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

  13. Strategic petroleum reserve. Quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-05-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of our most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur and a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975, (Public Law 94-163) as amended, to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the first quarter of calendar year 1994, including: (1) inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; (2) fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; (3) average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; (4) current and projected storage capacity; (5) analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; (6) funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and (7) major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

  14. Strategic Petrolem Reserve: Annual/quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-02-01

    In August 1986 the President reaffirmed the Administration's strong support for development of a 750 million-barrel Strategic Petroleum Reserve and committed the Administration to filling the Reserve throughout fiscal year 1987. During 1986, a number of bills related to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were enacted. As of December 31, 1986, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 511.6 million barrels of crude oil, an increase of 18.3 million barrels over the 1985 year end inventory of 493.3 million barrels. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was filled at an average fill rate of 51,430 barrels per day during 1986. During the calendar year 1986, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve increased its crude oil storage capability from 509.4 million barrels to 550.7 million barrels, adding approximately 27.4 million barrels of new storage capacity at the Bryan Mound storage site and 13.9 million barrels at the West Hackberry storage site. As required by the Energy Policy and Conservation Amendments Act of 1985, enacted July 2, 1985, the Department of Energy conducted a test sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil between November 18, 1985 and January 31, 1986, to test the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's drawdown and distribution capabilities. In addition to the test sale, three subsequent tests of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's physical drawdown capabilities were conducted. Substantial progress was made in distribution enhancement program during 1986, with the construction of a 46-mile oil distribution pipeline from Bryan Mound to the ARCO common carrier pipeline system at Texas City, TX. 9 figs., 9 tabs.

  15. 2006 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Discovering the Solutions to Power and Secure America’s Future

    SciTech Connect

    None,

    2006-10-11

    The Department of Energy Organization Act, which created DOE, was enacted in 1977 and DOE officially came into existence in October of that year. That law brought together for the first time, not only most of the government’s energy programs, but also science and technology programs and defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons. Over its history, DOE has shifted its emphasis and focus as the energy and security needs of the Nation have changed. Today, DOE stands at the forefront of helping the Nation meet our energy, scientific, environmental, and national security goals. These include developing and deploying new energy technologies, reducing our dependence on foreign energy sources, protecting our nuclear weapons stockpile, and ensuring that America remains competitive in the global marketplace. To help achieve these goals, President Bush has launched two key initiatives: the American Competitiveness Initiative (ACI) and the Advanced Energy Initiative (AEI). The President launched these initiatives recognizing that science, technology, and engineering hold the answers to many of the critical challenges our world faces. These new initiatives to spur scientific innovation and technology development expand DOE’s continuing support for the competitive energy markets, both domestically and internationally, and of policies that facilitate continued private investment in the energy sector. In addition, DOE supports the demonstration and deployment of energy technologies through collaborative efforts with the private sector and public sector entities.

  16. The Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis is operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy's

    E-print Network

    Energy Laboratory Richard Boardman, Shannon Bragg-Sitton, Robert Cherry, and Lee Shunn Idaho National Richard Boardman, Shannon Bragg-Sitton, Robert Cherry, and Lee Shunn Idaho National Laboratory Prepared

  17. STRATNET: Strategic Studies Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The University of Calgary's Strategic Studies Program developed STRATNET to provide a network of research resources germane to the study of international relations, security, and politics. STRATNET includes three main sections: StratChat, an interactive discussion forum; StratLink, a well-organized collection of hundreds of annotated strategic studies pointers; and StratJournal, which contains a multidisciplinary online journal entitled STRATNET. In addition, the site provides information about the fellows and the outreach projects of the Strategic Studies Program at the University of Calgary.

  18. Castrating parasites and colonial hosts.

    PubMed

    Hartikainen, H; Okamura, B

    2012-04-01

    Trajectories of life-history traits such as growth and reproduction generally level off with age and increasing size. However, colonial animals may exhibit indefinite, exponential growth via modular iteration thus providing a long-lived host source for parasite exploitation. In addition, modular iteration entails a lack of germ line sequestration. Castration of such hosts by parasites may therefore be impermanent or precluded, unlike the general case for unitary animal hosts. Despite these intriguing correlates of coloniality, patterns of colonial host exploitation have not been well studied. We examined these patterns by characterizing the responses of a myxozoan endoparasite, Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae, and its colonial bryozoan host, Fredericella sultana, to 3 different resource levels. We show that (1) the development of infectious stages nearly always castrates colonies regardless of host condition, (2) castration reduces partial mortality and (3) development of transmission stages is resource-mediated. Unlike familiar castrator-host systems, this system appears to be characterized by periodic rather than permanent castration. Periodic castration may be permitted by 2 key life history traits: developmental cycling of the parasite between quiescent (covert infections) and virulent infectious stages (overt infections) and the absence of germ line sequestration which allows host reproduction in between bouts of castration. PMID:22309795

  19. Strategic agility for nursing leadership.

    PubMed

    Shirey, Maria R

    2015-06-01

    This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change. In this article, the author discusses strategic agility as an important leadership competency and offers approaches for incorporating strategic agility in healthcare systems. A strategic agility checklist and infrastructure-building approach are presented. PMID:26010278

  20. Strategic Plan School of Medicine

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    Strategic Plan School of Medicine 2012-2017 April 2013 #12;Contents A. Context and Purpose #12;School of Medicine School Strategic Plan 2012-2017 1 A. Context and Purpose The School Strategic and risk registers. #12;School of Medicine School Strategic Plan 2012-2017 2 B. School Mission, Character

  1. The Concept of Strategic Decisionmaking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collier, Douglas J.

    Strategic decision-making literature is reviewed, and applications to colleges and universities are made. The key requirement for strategic decision-making is that decisions affect the entire organization. While strategic decision-making can occur at different levels within the organization, the specific strategic decisions available to the…

  2. IRETHERM: Developing a Strategic and Holistic Understanding of Ireland's Geothermal Energy Potential through Integrated Modelling of New and Existing Geophysical, Geochemical and Geological Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, Alan G.; Daly, Stephen; Vozar, Jan; Rath, Volker; Campanya, Joan; Blake, Sarah; Delhaye, Robert; Fritschle, Tobias; Willmot Noller, Nicola; Long, Mike; Waters, Tim

    2015-04-01

    The Science Foundation Ireland funded academia-government-industry collaborative IRETHERM project (www.iretherm.ie), initiated in 2011, is developing a strategic understanding of Ireland's (all-island) deep geothermal energy potential through integrated modelling of new and existing geophysical, geochemical and geological data. Potential applications include both low enthalpy district space heating of large urban centres and electricity generation from intermediate-temperature waters. IRETHERM comprises three broad geothermal target types; 1) Assessment of the geothermal energy potential of Ireland's radiogenic granites (EGS), (2) Assessment of the geothermal energy potential of Ireland's deep sedimentary basins (HSA), and, (3) Assessment of the geothermal energy potential of warm springs. The geophysical subsurface imaging techniques of choice are controlled-source (CSEM) and natural-source (magnetotellurics, MT) electromagnetic methods. Electrical conductivity, being a transport property, is a proxy for permeability, and appropriate porosity-permeability relations are being developed. To date, MT measurements have been made at 466 sites over sedimentary basins (190 sites), granites (156 sites) and warm springs (120 sites), with CSEM across one warm spring. An ongoing continuous geochemical (temperature and electrical conductivity every 15 mins) and time-lapse seasonal hydrochemical sampling programmes are in progress at six warm spring sites. A database on heat production in Irish rocks has been compiled, of more than 3,300 geochemical sample measurements, with 3,000 retrieved from various archives and over 300 new analyses. Geochemistry, geochronology and isotopic analyses have been conducted on subsurface granites and exposed analogues astride the Iapetus Suture Zone in order to understand the underlying reasons for their radiogenic heat production. Finally, thermal conductivity measurements have been made on borehole samples from representative lithologies. This presentation will review all of the IRETHERM work within Ireland's low enthalpy setting.

  3. Chronic sublethal stress causes bee colony failure

    PubMed Central

    Bryden, John; Gill, Richard J; Mitton, Robert A A; Raine, Nigel E; Jansen, Vincent A A; Hodgson, David

    2013-01-01

    Current bee population declines and colony failures are well documented yet poorly understood and no single factor has been identified as a leading cause. The evidence is equivocal and puzzling: for instance, many pathogens and parasites can be found in both failing and surviving colonies and field pesticide exposure is typically sublethal. Here, we investigate how these results can be due to sublethal stress impairing colony function. We mathematically modelled stress on individual bees which impairs colony function and found how positive density dependence can cause multiple dynamic outcomes: some colonies fail while others thrive. We then exposed bumblebee colonies to sublethal levels of a neonicotinoid pesticide. The dynamics of colony failure, which we observed, were most accurately described by our model. We argue that our model can explain the enigmatic aspects of bee colony failures, highlighting an important role for sublethal stress in colony declines. PMID:24112478

  4. Strategic Program Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hainsworth, Brad E.; Wilson, Laurie J.

    1992-01-01

    Describes a strategic program planning matrix system that enables practitioners and public relations students to analyze the public relations problem, isolate the central difficulty, establish appropriate goals, develop objectives, design a plan, and evaluate it. (SR)

  5. Colonial heterogeneity of Thiobacillus versutus.

    PubMed Central

    Claassen, P A; Kortstee, G J; Oosterveld-van Vliet, W M; van Neerven, A R

    1986-01-01

    In acetate-limited chemostat cultures started with single-colony cultures of Thiobacillus versutus, a mutant appeared after approximately 85 volume changes. The inhomogeneity of the culture was detected by the development of two different types of colonies on agar plates. When a pure culture of the mutant was grown in a chemostat, parent colonies appeared after almost the same period of time. Electron micrographs of the mutant grown on butyrate showed the presence of fibrils surrounding the cells. The cells of the parent strain were bald when grown under the same conditions. The growth kinetics of the parent and the mutant were investigated in batch cultures with a variety of substrates and were found to be identical. Major differences between the two strains were observed during growth on mannitol; the mutant attained a lower yield and excreted large amounts of extracellular polysaccharides. Images PMID:3096960

  6. Strategic Defense Initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-03-01

    This book is an unclassified version of the classified report that reviews the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization's program for developing Brilliant Pebbles, the space-based weapon system for the Phase I Strategic Defense System. The report suggests that the Congress consider whether the concurrency in the program is justified by the President's need to make a decision by the summer of 1993 on whether to begin full-scale development and deployment.

  7. Strategic Analysis of Terrorism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel G. Arce; Todd Sandler

    2009-01-01

    Two areas that are increasingly studied in the game-theoretic literature on terrorism and counterterrorism are collective\\u000a action and asymmetric information. One contribution of this chapter is a survey and extension of continuous policy models\\u000a with differentiable payoff functions. In this way, policies can be characterized as strategic substitutes (e. g., proactive\\u000a measures), or strategic complements (e. g., defensive measures). Mixed

  8. Genetic diversity affects colony survivorship in commercial honey bee colonies

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Honey bee (Apis mellifera) queens mate with unusually high numbers of males (average of approximately 12 drones), although there is much variation among queens. One main consequence of such extreme polyandry is an increased diversity of worker genotypes within a colony, which has been shown empirica...

  9. Multiple Ant Colonies Algorithm Based on Colony Level Interactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hidenori KAWAMURA; Masahito YAMAMOTO; Keiji SUZUKI; Azuma OHUCHI

    2000-01-01

    SUMMARY Recently, researchers in various fields have shown interest in the behavior of creatures from the viewpoint of adaptiveness and flexibility. Ants, known as social insects, exhibit collective behavior in performingtasks that can not be carried out by an individual ant. In ant colonies, chemical sub- stances, called pheromones, are used as a way to communicate important information on global

  10. Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-02-16

    Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975, as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual and quarterly reports to the President and the Congress on activities to develop the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Additional prospective information related to the development and fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is required by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986. This report combines the fourth quarter 1988 Quarterly Report with the 1988 Annual Report. Topics addressed include: storage facilities development; oil acquisition and transportation; budget and finance; drawdown and distribution system and vulnerability impact; other project activities.

  11. Active mechanics and geometry of adherent cells and cell colonies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banerjee, Shiladitya

    2014-03-01

    Measurements of traction stresses exerted by adherent cells or cell colonies on elastic substrates have yielded new insight on how the mechanical and geometrical properties of the substrate regulate cellular force distribution, mechanical energy, spreading, morphology or stress ber architecture. We have developed a generic mechanical model of adherent cells as an active contractile gel mechanically coupled to an elastic substrate and to neighboring cells in a tissue. The contractile gel model accurately predicts the distribution of cellular and traction stresses as observed in single cell experiments, and captures the dependence of cell shape, traction stresses and stress ber polarization on the substrate's mechanical and geometrical properties. The model further predicts that the total strain energy of an adherent cell is solely regulated by its spread area, in agreement with recent experiments on micropatterned substrates with controlled geometry. When used to describe the behavior of colonies of adherent epithelial cells, the model demonstrates the crucial role of the mechanical cross-talk between intercellular and extracellular adhesion in regulating traction force distribution. Strong intercellular mechanical coupling organizes traction forces to the colony periphery, whereas weaker intercellular coupling leads to the build up of traction stresses at intercellular junctions. Furthermore, in agreement with experiments on large cohesive keratinocyte colonies, the model predicts a linear scaling of traction forces with the colony size. This scaling suggests the emergence of an effective surface tension as a scale-free material property of the adherent tissue, originating from actomyosin contractility.

  12. Strategic forces briefing

    SciTech Connect

    Bing, G.; Chrzanowski, P.; May, M.; Nordyke, M.

    1989-04-06

    The Strategic Forces Briefing'' is our attempt, accomplished over the past several months, to outline and highlight the more significant strategic force issues that must be addressed in the near future. Some issues are recurrent: the need for an effective modernized Triad and a constant concern for force survivability. Some issues derive from arms control: the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (SALT) are sufficiently advanced to set broad numerical limits on forces, but not so constraining as to preclude choices among weapon systems and deployment modes. Finally, a new administration faced with serious budgetary problems must strive for the most effective strategic forces limited dollars can buy and support. A review of strategic forces logically begins with consideration of the missions the forces are charged with. We begin the briefing with a short review of targeting policy and implementation within the constraints of available unclassified information. We then review each element of the Triad with sections on SLBMs, ICBMs, and Air-Breathing (bomber and cruise missile) systems. A short section at the end deals with the potential impact of strategic defense on offensive force planning. We consider ABM, ASAT, and air defense; but we do not attempt to address the technical issues of strategic defense per se. The final section gives a brief overview of the tritium supply problem. We conclude with a summary of recommendations that emerge from our review. The results of calculation on the effectiveness of various weapon systems as a function of cost that are presented in the briefing are by Paul Chrzanowski.

  13. Queen promiscuity lowers disease within honeybee colonies

    PubMed Central

    Seeley, Thomas D; Tarpy, David R

    2006-01-01

    Most species of social insects have singly mated queens, but in some species each queen mates with numerous males to create a colony with a genetically diverse worker force. The adaptive significance of polyandry by social insect queens remains an evolutionary puzzle. Using the honeybee (Apis mellifera), we tested the hypothesis that polyandry improves a colony's resistance to disease. We established colonies headed by queens that had been artificially inseminated by either one or 10 drones. Later, we inoculated these colonies with spores of Paenibacillus larvae, the bacterium that causes a highly virulent disease of honeybee larvae (American foulbrood). We found that, on average, colonies headed by multiple-drone inseminated queens had markedly lower disease intensity and higher colony strength at the end of the summer relative to colonies headed by single-drone inseminated queens. These findings support the hypothesis that polyandry by social insect queens is an adaptation to counter disease within their colonies. PMID:17015336

  14. "Unauthorised colonies" and the City of Delhi

    E-print Network

    Mukherjee, Snehanshu

    1988-01-01

    This research was undertaken, to understand the phenomenon of "unauthorised colonies" in relation to the city of Delhi, to which they belong. "Unauthorised Colonies" is the label given by the Delhi Development Authority ...

  15. Ant Colony Optimization for Control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Van Ast

    2010-01-01

    The very basis of this thesis is the collective behavior of ants in colonies. Ants are an excellent example of how rather simple behavior on a local level can lead to complex behavior on a global level that is beneficial for the individuals. The key in the self-organization of ants is communication through pheromones. When an ant forages for food,

  16. The starvation-predation trade-off shapes the strategic use of protein for energy during fasting.

    PubMed

    Higginson, Andrew D; McNamara, John M; Houston, Alasdair I

    2014-10-21

    The primary function of lipid storage by animals is as an energy source for surviving periods without food. However, muscle and organ protein can be metabolised for energy, and empirical studies have shown that the onset of protein metabolism begins before the exhaustion of lipid reserves. Since protein tissues are important for reasons other than resisting starvation, the adaptive basis for this early onset is unclear. Here, we report the results of a model of the optimal proportion of energy to obtain from protein catabolism during a period without food of unpredictable duration. We assume either that the animal aims only to maximise the duration of survival or that it also has to take account of its future reproductive success given its state when the food supply recommences. In the latter case we find impressive quantitative agreement with observations on lean and obese penguins and rats. Analysis shows that this agreement breaks down if predation risk is insignificant, protein in the form of muscle is ineffective against predation, or there is no benefit to conserving lipid (e.g. for reproduction). This result implies that animals have not evolved to maximise their starvation resistance because doing so would leave them vulnerable when an interruption ends. Our model allows us to make several specific predictions concerning the relationship between the ecological pressures on animals and their starvation survival strategies. PMID:24973597

  17. Fractal scaling of microbial colonies affects growth.

    PubMed

    Károlyi, György

    2005-03-01

    The growth dynamics of filamentary microbial colonies is investigated. Fractality of the fungal or actinomycetes colonies is shown both theoretically and in numerical experiments to play an important role. The growth observed in real colonies is described by the assumption of time-dependent fractality related to the different ages of various parts of the colony. The theoretical results are compared to a simulation based on branching random walks. PMID:15903467

  18. Understanding Long-Run African Growth: Colonial Institutions or Colonial Education?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jutta Bolt; Dirk Bezemer

    2009-01-01

    Long-term growth in developing countries has been explained in four frameworks: ‘extractive colonial institutions’ (Acemoglu et al., 2001), ‘colonial legal origin’ (La Porta et al., 2004), ‘geography’ (Gallup et al., 1998) and ‘colonial human capital’ (Glaeser et al., 2004). In this paper we test the ‘colonial human capital’ explanation for sub-Saharan Africa, controlling for legal origin and geography. Utilising data

  19. Ant Colony Optimization for Constraint Satisfaction

    E-print Network

    Solnon, Christine

    Ant Colony Optimization for Constraint Satisfaction Christine Solnon LIRIS, UMR 5205 CNRS / University of Lyon Tutorial at CP'2007 #12;Ant Colony Optimization Application to car sequencing Application to CSPs Conclusion Table of contents 1 Basic principles of Ant Colony Optimization 2 Application

  20. Ant Colonies for the Traveling Salesman Problem

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luca Maria Gambardella; Marco Dorigo

    1997-01-01

    We describe an artificial ant colony capable of solving the traveling salesman problem (TSP).Ants of the artificial colony are able to generate successively shorter feasible tours by usinginformation accumulated in the form of a pheromone trail deposited on the edges of the TSPgraph. Computer simulations demonstrate that the artificial ant colony is capable of generatinggood solutions to both symmetric and

  1. Ant colonies for the travelling salesman problem

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marco Dorigo; Luca Maria Gambardella

    1997-01-01

    We describe an artificial ant colony capable of solving the travelling salesman problem (TSP). Ants of the artificial colony are able to generate successively shorter feasible tours by using information accumulated in the form of a pheromone trail deposited on the edges of the TSP graph. Computer simulations demonstrate that the artificial ant colony is capable of generating good solutions

  2. Original article Heritabilities for several colony traits

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Heritabilities for several colony traits in the honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica the heritability of queen and worker ef- fects, observed covariances of related colonies are expressed as functions, and therefore tends to stabilize it at a particular value. heritability / colony trait / genetic correlation

  3. Architecture, ecology and biogeochemistry of Phaeocystis colonies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. E. Hamm

    2000-01-01

    This paper discusses structure and function of the Phaeocystis colony skin, and relates them to the specific impact of Phaeocystis colonies on ecology and biogeochemistry. The potential advantage of the recently discovered tough skin around the colonies of Phaeocystis globosa is discussed in context with the metabolic costs of this structure, and compared to potential functions of structures around other

  4. Institute for Strategic Dialogue

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD) is an independent think-tank working with leaders in government, media and the private sector. Their goal is to "challenge long-range threats to international and communal peace and to enhance Europe's capacity to act strategically in the global arena." The ISD was started in 1996, and lately their new work has included creating a network of Muslim professionals across Europe and sponsoring scholarships and leadership conferences. Scholars and other policy-types should click on over to the "Publications" area. Here they will find recent works that include "Muslims in the European Mediascape: Integration and Social Cohesion Dynamics" and "Exploring New Vehicles for a Strategic European Engagement with Russia". On the homepage, visitors can find a list of recent events sponsored by the ISD and also watch some media from their talks and conference gatherings.

  5. Strategic Analysis of Terrorism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arce, Daniel G.; Sandler, Todd

    Two areas that are increasingly studied in the game-theoretic literature on terrorism and counterterrorism are collective action and asymmetric information. One contribution of this chapter is a survey and extension of continuous policy models with differentiable payoff functions. In this way, policies can be characterized as strategic substitutes (e. g., proactive measures), or strategic complements (e. g., defensive measures). Mixed substitute-complement models are also introduced. We show that the efficiency of counterterror policy depends upon (i) the strategic substitutes-complements characterization, and (ii) who initiates the action. Surprisingly, in mixed-models the dichotomy between individual and collective action may disappear. A second contribution is the consideration of a signaling model where indiscriminant spectacular terrorist attacks may erode terrorists’ support among its constituency, and proactive government responses can create a backlash effect in favor of terrorists. A novel equilibrium of this model reflects the well-documented ineffectiveness of terrorism in achieving its stated goals.

  6. Intracolonial genetic variation affects reproductive skew and colony productivity during colony foundation in a parthenogenetic termite

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background In insect societies, intracolonial genetic variation is predicted to affect both colony efficiency and reproductive skew. However, because the effects of genetic variation on these two colony characteristics have been tested independently, it remains unclear whether they are affected by genetic variation independently or in a related manner. Here we test the effect of genetic variation on colony efficiency and reproductive skew in a rhinotermitid termite, Reticulitermes speratus, a species in which female-female pairs can facultatively found colonies. We established colonies using two types of female-female pairs: colonies founded by sisters (i.e., sister-pair colonies) and those founded by females from different colonies (i.e., unrelated-pair colonies). Colony growth and reproductive skew were then compared between the two types of incipient colonies. Results At 15 months after colony foundation, unrelated-pair colonies were larger than sister-pair colonies, although the caste ratio between workers and nymphs, which were alternatively differentiated from young larvae, did not differ significantly. Microsatellite DNA analyses of both founders and their parthenogenetically produced offspring indicated that, in both sister-pair and unrelated-pair colonies, there was no significant skew in the production of eggs, larvae, workers and soldiers. Nymph production, however, was significantly more skewed in the sister-pair colonies than in unrelated-pair colonies. Because nymphs can develop into winged adults (alates) or nymphoid reproductives, they have a higher chance of direct reproduction than workers in this species. Conclusions Our results support the idea that higher genetic variation among colony members could provide an increase in colony productivity, as shown in hymenopteran social insects. Moreover, this study suggests that low genetic variation (high relatedness) between founding females increases reproductive skew via one female preferentially channeling her relatives along the reproductive track. This study thus demonstrated that, in social insects, intracolonial genetic variation can simultaneously affect both colony efficiency and reproductive skew. PMID:25123355

  7. The Colonie FUSRAP Site: CY2002 Situation Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. R. Sheeran; K. Dufek; J. Moore

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a summary of accomplishments at the Colonie FUSRAP Site in Fiscal Year 2002. During this period several significant milestones were achieved and have set the stage for the project to be completed in a more comprehensive manner, ahead of schedule and at a lower cost than the original Remedial Plan inherited from the Dept of Energy in

  8. Developing Strategic Readers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jennifer Jones

    2006-11-01

    As elementary students progress from learning to read toward reading to learn, it is vital that they become strategic readers. A strategic reader is one who understands when and how to use a strategy in order to comprehend text. While some students use strategies naturally during the reading process, most students must be taught how to actively think during reading. The strategies presented here--Question-Answer-Relationships (QARs), Wonder Notebooks, and Reciprocal Questioning (ReQuest)--aim to do just that and are appropriate for use with science texts.

  9. The Strategic Attitude: Integrating Strategic Planning into Daily University Worklife

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickmeyer, Nathan

    2004-01-01

    Chief financial officers in today's universities are so busy with the challenges of day-to-day management that strategic thinking often takes a back seat. Planning for strategic change can go a long way toward streamlining the very daily tasks that obscure the "big picture." Learning how to integrate strategic thinking into day-to-day management…

  10. Synthetic Fuel Technologies as Strategic Pathways

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GIANCARLO BARBIROLI; PALMIRA MAZZARACCHIO

    1995-01-01

    The need for increasing amounts of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons, all over the world, states in a pressing way the problem of turning to new nontraditional energy sources and forms. This article analyzes and discusses the global and strategic value of the technologies suitable for exploiting, on a large scale, oil shales, tar sands, and coals, in order to get

  11. Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.

    SciTech Connect

    Brewer, Jeffrey D.

    2005-11-01

    The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

  12. Strategic alliances fit pattern of industry innovation

    SciTech Connect

    Crump, J.G. [Price Waterhouse, Houston, TX (United States). World Energy Group

    1997-03-31

    The strategic alliance, vitally important as an isolated practice in the oil and gas business, also fits a broad pattern of innovation by which the industry is redefining itself for prosperity in a new energy age. The industry is experiencing a renaissance in almost every aspect, from technological breakthroughs to innovative business practices to new products and markets. An inevitable outgrowth of such rapid and fundamental change is an evolution in business relationships. The strategic alliance is at the forefront of this trend. Development of new relationships capitalizes on, and partly results from, enormous advances in technology and finance. The paper discusses new relationships, the outsourcing rage, integrating work flows, and technological advances.

  13. Ant Colonies for the QAP

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. M. Gambardella; É. D. Taillard; M. Dorigo

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents HAS-QAP, an hybrid ant colony system coupled with a local search, applied to thequadratic assignment problem. HAS-QAP uses pheromone trail information to perform modifications onQAP solutions, differently from more traditional ant systems that use pheromone trail information toconstruct complete solutions. HAS-QAP is analysed and compared with some of the best heuristics availablefor the QAP: two taboo search

  14. Binary artificial bee colony optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G Pampara; A P Engelbrecht

    2011-01-01

    Artificial bee colony (ABC) optimization is a rela- tively new population-based, stochastic optimization technique. ABC was developed to optimize unconstrained problems within continuous-valued domains. This paper proposes three versions of ABC that enable it to be applied to optimization problems with binary-valued domains. The performances of these binary ABC algorithms are compared on a benchmark of unconstrained optimization problems. The

  15. Classification With Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Martens; Manu De Backer; Raf Haesen; Jan Vanthienen; Monique Snoeck; Bart Baesens

    2007-01-01

    Ant colony optimization (ACO) can be applied to the data mining field to extract rule-based classifiers. The aim of this paper is twofold. On the one hand, we provide an overview of previous ant-based approaches to the classification task and compare them with state-of-the-art classification techniques, such as C4.5, RIPPER, and support vector machines in a benchmark study. On the

  16. Colony Defence and Natural Enemies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Fuchs; Jürgen Tautz

    \\u000a This chapter discusses in detail individual honeybees fending off an enemy and the effects that can be rendered when whole\\u000a colony defence is a coordinated, social effort. Enemies extend from viruses to bears. Whatever the predator, the nesting styles\\u000a and nests of the bees afford a first line of defence. These are supplemented by various weapons, including stings, mandibles,\\u000a legs

  17. The Possibilities of Strategic Finance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaffee, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    Strategic finance is aligning financial decisions--regarding revenues, creating and maintaining institutional assets, and using those assets--with the institution's mission and strategic plan. The concept known as "strategic finance" increasingly is being seen as a useful perspective for helping boards and presidents develop a sustainable…

  18. How Strategic Is Your Planning?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James D. Sisson

    1992-01-01

    What is the current state of strategic planning in the water utility industry? What types of organizations are most involved in the use of formal strategic planning systems? How is the planning process conducted? How have organizations used the planning process to improve operations? These were the central issues of a strategic planning survey recently conducted among the largest organizations

  19. STRATEGIC PLAN Sir Moir Lockhead

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    Delivering our Academic Vision Strategic Targets 20 University of Aberdeen | Strategic Plan 2011-2015 1 #12;3University of Aberdeen | Strategic Plan 2011-2015 In taking the Plan forward, the University's staff can and businesses whether they are local, national or international. In these challenging times, the University

  20. Trade liberalization and strategic outsourcing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yongmin Chen; Jota Ishikawa; Zhihao Yu

    2004-01-01

    This paper develops a model of strategic outsourcing. With trade liberalization in the intermediate-product market, a domestic firm may choose to purchase a key intermediate good from a more efficient foreign producer, who also competes with the domestic firm for a final good. This has a strategic effect on competition. Unlike the outsourcing motivated by cost saving, the strategic outsourcing

  1. Trade Liberalization and Strategic Outsourcing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yongmin Chen; Jota Ishikawa; Zhihao Yu

    2002-01-01

    This paper develops a model of strategic outsourcing. With trade liberalization in the intermediate-product market, a domestic firm may choose to purchase a key intermediate good from a more efficient foreign producer, who also competes with the domestic firm for a final good. This has a strategic effect on competition. Unlike the outsourcing motivated by cost saving, the strategic outsourcing

  2. STRATEGIC PLAN 2002 -2010

    E-print Network

    laid out for critical attention. Yet, in the time since our last strategic plan was approved. Changes in our economy, changes in the expectations the community has for us, changes in leadership to revisit this document regularly to ensure our pathway remains true to our mission. Attention and action

  3. Strategic BI for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raths, David

    2008-01-01

    Implementing a complex business intelligence (BI) system at a small school or one with limited resources can seem daunting. For small to midsize schools and community colleges, a strategic BI initiative may still be an elusive goal. This article discusses how schools with limited resources are making the dream a reality.

  4. National Strategic Petroleum Reserve

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. M. Davis

    1981-01-01

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil

  5. Strategic petroleum reserve expansion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. N. Leiby; R. Lee

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes SPR benefits and proposes a general paradigm for Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) decision-making. It presents two modeling approaches to the general decision problem, each simplifying the problem in a different way and offering a distinct perspective. The first is the Teisberg model approach, applying dynamic programming, and we present some recent numerical results on the value of

  6. 2010 -2013 Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    path-breaking scholarly research, provide students with a high quality liberal arts education2010 - 2013 Strategic Plan College of Liberal Arts and Sciences DISCOVER. TEACH. ENGAGE. #12;The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Florida is the cornerstone of an elite

  7. HYDROMETALLURGY OF STRATEGIC METALS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gérard Cote

    2000-01-01

    This paper gives a short overview of the importance of solvent extraction in the production and recycling of strategic metals. Both the present situation and possible developments are considered. The use of solvent extraction in the processing of powdered metal-containing materials with tailor-made characteristics is also discussed as it is attracting increasing attention.

  8. Strategic Planning Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peel Board of Education, Mississauga (Ontario).

    In 1989 the Peel (Mississauga, Ontario) Board of Education launched its strategic planning process. The board surveyed or gained the direct involvement of large numbers of students, staff, and parents to determine what direction the school system needed to take to maintain its level of quality. Through its efforts the board concluded that the…

  9. Adaptive Airport Strategic Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. H. Kwakkel; W. E. Walker; V. A. W. J. Marchau

    2010-01-01

    Airport Strategic Planning (ASP) focuses on the development of plans for the long-term development of an airport. The dominant approach for ASP is Airport Master Planning (AMP). The goal of AMP is to provide a detailed blueprint for how the airport should look in the future, and how it can get there. Since a Master Plan is a static detailed

  10. strategic plan 2012 -2015

    E-print Network

    Rhode Island, University of

    strategic plan 2012 - 2015 #12;College Mission To prepare our graduates to be global leaders a complete Master Plan a. Develop RFP, interview and select A/E company b. Develop Master Plan drawings c. Develop economic impact analysis A2. Obtain funding for the COE Master Plan a. Develop industrial

  11. DCS vendor strategic alliances

    SciTech Connect

    Franczak, D.F.; Zilly, D.E. [Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1996-11-01

    The competitive nature of the utility industry, which is driven by forces of deregulation, causes utility managers to look for ways to reduce their generating station operating and maintenance costs. One method being used to optimize performance and reliability at operating stations is replacement of control systems with new distributed control systems (DCS). Installation of these systems can result in unit performance improvements and increased capacity, and reduction in forced outages, operating staff, and maintenance costs. While DCS installations continue to achieve these benefits, utility managers are looking for ways to reduce the capital costs of implementing control system replacement projects and thus improve the benefit to cost ratio. One such method is the establishment of a DCS Vendor Strategic Alliance. A DCS Vendor Strategic Alliance is a relationship established between a utility organization (or other user of DCS vendor products and services) and a DCS vendor. This relationship is a commitment by the buyer to purchase DCS vendor products and services over a predefined period of time (usually 5 to 10 years), in exchange for receiving those products and services at a rate below the current market value (10 to 20% below the market value expected when competitively bid). This paper discusses the concept of DCS vendor strategic alliances, reviews the benefits and drawbacks of the concept, and provides an actual case study experience. In addition, the paper discusses the noneconomic benefits of a DCS vendor strategic alliance that distinguish this relationship from a sample long-term purchasing agreement.

  12. Nuclear winter: strategic significance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2009-01-01

    The author notes that it is too soon to assess what influence the global climatic effects of fires started by a nuclear war should have on targeting policy, weapons acquisition, arms control policy, and other strategic matters. Some aspects of the situation, however, are already clear, and he discusses four of them: (1) if the smoke does produce a serious

  13. Strategic management of technostress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denis H. J. Caro; Amarjit S. Sethi

    1985-01-01

    The article proposes the concept of technostress and makes a strong recommendation for conducting research based on key researchable hypotheses. A conceptual framework of technostress is suggested to provide some focus to future research. A number of technostress management strategies are put forward, including strategic technological planning, organization culture development, technostress monitoring systems, and technouser self-development programs. The management of

  14. Statement of Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, US House of Representatives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Furiga

    1984-01-01

    The status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) is reviewed for the subcommittee. There are over 430 million barrels of crude oil in the reserve. The fill rate goal of 186,000 b\\/d for 1984 has been fulfilled. Development of Phase II is continuing on schedule. SPR distribution capabilities are discussed in detail as well as SPR management and contracting operations.

  15. Conceptual design of a lunar colony

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dalton, C. (editor); Hohmann, E. (editor)

    1972-01-01

    A systems engineering study is presented for a proposed lunar colony. The lunar colony was to grow from an existent, 12-man, earth-dependent lunar surface base and was to utilize lunar resources, becoming as earth-independent as possible. An in-depth treatment of some of the aspects of the lunar colony was given. We have found that the use of lunar resources is feasible for oxygen production (both for breathing and for space tug fuel), food production, and building materials. A program is outlined for recycling waste materials developed at the colony as well as a full program for growth and research activity of the colony to a level of 180 colonists. Recommendations for the lunar colony are given.

  16. The MacDowell Colony Exhibition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Artist colonies have always fascinated the American public, and whether they have been informally organized or not, they seem to provide great opportunities for a variety of collaborations. One of the oldest of these colonies is the MacDowell Colony in Peterborough, New Hampshire. The colony was started in 1907 by the composer Edward MacDowell and his wife Marian, and over the past century it has been host to the likes of Willa Cather, Leonard Bernstein, Thorntown Wilder, and James Baldwin. This site was created in conjunction with an in situ exhibit at the Thomas Jefferson Building at the Library of Congress, and visitors to the site will be able to learn about the history of the colony through first-hand accounts, video clips featuring the curators of the exhibit, and objects that have been part of the colony's history. Some of these digitized objects include photographs, manuscripts, and musical scores.

  17. Strategic thinking for radiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald B. Schilling

    1997-01-01

    Summary  We have now analyzed the use and benefits of four Strategic Thinking Tools for Radiology: the Vision Statement, the High Five,\\u000a the Two-by-Two, and Real-Win-Worth. Additional tools will be provided during the tutorial. The tools provided above should\\u000a be considered as examples. They all contain the 10 benefits outlined earlier to varying degrees. It is extremely important\\u000a that the tools

  18. Strategic thinking for radiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald B. Schilling

    1998-01-01

    Summary  We have now analyzed the use and benefits of four Strategic Thinking Tools for Radiology: the Vision Statement, the High Five,\\u000a the Two-by-Two, and Real-Win-Worth. Additional tools will be provided during the tutorial. The tools provided above should\\u000a be considered as examples. They all contain the 10 benefits outlined earlier to varying degrees. It is extremely important\\u000a that the tools

  19. Strategic Power Infrastructure Defense

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hao Li; GARY W. ROSENWALD; JUHWAN JUNG; Chen-ching Liu

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview on power infrastructure defense systems. A review of the literature on the subjects of critical infrastructures, threats to the power grids, defense system concepts, and the special protection systems is reported. The proposed Strategic Power Infrastructure Defense (SPID) system methodology is a real-time, wide-area, adaptive protection and control system involving the power, communication,

  20. Colonial Landscape and Rock Origin

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This activity is designed to help students develop appreciation and ownership for the natural world around them with the hope of increasing their interest in exploring and questioning the processes that created land forms. Some familiarity with stone walls and with colonial New England is helpful; the students should learn to understand how human endeavors affect the landscape. After taking a nature walk (hopefully in an area where there are stone walls), they will participate in an activity in which they "build" a model wall using stones buried in a plastic tray.

  1. Formation and Dissolution of Bacterial Colonies

    E-print Network

    Christoph Weber; Yen Ting Lin; Nicolas Biais; Vasily Zaburdaev

    2015-06-03

    Many organisms form colonies for a transient period of time to withstand environmental pressure. Bacterial biofilms are a prototypical example of such behavior. Despite significant interest across disciplines, physical mechanisms governing the formation and dissolution of bacterial colonies are still poorly understood. Starting from a kinetic description of motile and interacting cells we derive a hydrodynamic equation for their density on a surface. We use it to describe formation of multiple colonies with sizes consistent with experimental data and to discuss their dissolution.

  2. Soviet strategic defense technology

    SciTech Connect

    Stubbs, E.

    1987-04-01

    The present status of the Soviet program suggests several observations that have a bearing on predicting the future of the Soviet strategic defense program and its implications for the US: 1. The Soviet Union appears to have a continuing interest in ABM defenses, although ASATs seem to be a much lower priority. 2. The Soviet technology fielded to date was well within the American grasp 10 years ago. Where advanced and as yet undeployed technologies are concerned, the difference seems to be smaller; perhaps as little as five or seven years, with approximate parity in particle-beam research. 3. The Soviet Union, possibly more sensitive to prestige considerations, appears to be much more inclined than the US to demonstrate and deploy a technology before it is actually fully operational, and to undertake field modifications later. They also are much more reluctant to retire aging and obsolete technologies. As a result, they presently possess the world's only deployed ASAT and ABM systems, however, doubtful their actual operational effectiveness might be. 4. Soviet strategic defenses tend to be more fragmentary in design, reflecting their difficulties with the supporting and integrative technologies such as sensing, signal processing, heavy-lift boosters, and computing hardware and software. 5. The Soviets should also be expected to explore alternative avenues of near-term response to SDI, for example by expanding their strategic nuclear arsenal. 28 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

  3. Organizer regions in marine colonial hydrozoans.

    PubMed

    Mayorova, Tatiana; Kosevich, Igor; Dulin, Nickolai; Savina, Elizaveta; Kraus, Yulia

    2015-04-01

    Organizers are specific tissue regions of developing organisms that provide accuracy and robustness to the body plan formation. Hydrozoan cnidarians (both solitary and colonial) require organizer regions for maintaining the regular body patterning during continuous tissue dynamics during asexual reproduction and growth. While the hypostomal organizer of the solitary Hydra has been studied relatively well, our knowledge of organizers in colonial hydrozoans remains fragmentary and incomplete. As colonial hydrozoans demonstrate an amazing diversity of morphological and life history traits, it is of special interest to investigate the organizers specific for particular ontogenetic stages and particular types of colonies. In the present study we aimed to assess the inductive capacities of several candidate organizer regions in hydroids with different colony organization. We carried out grafting experiments on colonial hydrozoans belonging to Leptothecata and Anthoathecata. We confirmed that the hypostome tip is an organizer in the colonial Anthoathecata as it is in the solitary polyp Hydra. We also found that the posterior tip of the larva is an organizer in hydroids regardless of the peculiarities of their metamorphosis mode and colony structure. We show for the first time that the shoot growing tip, which can be considered a key evolutionary novelty of Leptothecata, is an organizer region. Taken together, our data demonstrate that organizers function throughout the larval and polypoid stages in colonial hydroids. PMID:25749284

  4. Colonie Interim Storage Site annual site environmental report for calendar year 1989, Colonie, New York

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-05-01

    IN 1984, Congress assigned the cleanup of the National Lead (NL) Industries site in Colonie, New York, to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a decontamination research and development project under the 1984 Energy and Water Appropriations Act. DOE then included the site in the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), an existing DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sites where residual radioactive materials remain for the early years of the nation's atomic energy program. DOE instituted an environmental monitoring program at the site in 1984. Results are presented annually in reports such as this. Under FUSRAP, the first environmental monitoring report for this site presented data for calendar year 1984. This report presents the findings of the environmental monitoring program conducted during calendar year 1989. 16 refs., 17 figs., 14 tabs.

  5. Mouse Breeding and Colony Management.

    PubMed

    Ayadi, Abdelkader; Ferrand, Gisèle; Cruz, Isabelle Goncalves da; Warot, Xavier

    2011-01-01

    The possibility to genetically modify the mouse genome has enabled the creation of numerous lines of genetically engineered mouse models (GEMMs). As a result, the demand for housing space in research facilities is increasing. Knowledge of the basis of mouse reproduction and of the methods to handle colonies of GEMMs is therefore mandatory to efficiently populate facilities. The mouse has a short generation period, produces large progenies, and can breed all year round. However, environmental parameters (bedding, diet, cage type, temperature, hygrometry, light, noise, and sanitary status) strongly influence the breeding efficiency and experimental data, and must be tightly controlled. Efficient GEMM colony management requires adequate recording of breeding and proper identification and genotyping of animals. Various mating types and breeding schemes can be used, depending on the type of studies conducted. The recent development of assisted reproduction methods helps circumvent some of the issues faced with those lines especially difficult to breed. Curr. Protoc. Mouse Biol. 1:239-264. © 2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PMID:26068995

  6. Derivation of guidelines for uranium residual radioactive material in soil at the Colonie Site, Colonie, New York

    SciTech Connect

    Dunning, D.

    1996-05-01

    Residual radioactive material guidelines for uranium in soil were derived for the Colonie site located in Colonie, New York. This site has been designated for remedial action under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The site became contaminated with radioactive material as a result of operations conducted by National Lead (NL) Industries from 1958 to 1984; these activities included brass foundry operations, electroplating of metal products, machining of various components using depleted uranium, and limited work with small amounts of enriched uranium and thorium. The Colonie site comprises the former NL Industries property, now designated the Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS), and 56 vicinity properties contaminated by fallout from airborne emissions; 53 of the vicinity properties were previously remediated between 1984 and 1988. In 1984, DOE accepted ownership of the CISS property from NL Industries. Residual radioactive material guidelines for individual radionuclides and total uranium were derived on the basis of the requirement that the 50-year committed effective dose equivalent to a hypothetical individual who lives or works in the immediate vicinity of the site should not exceed a dose of 30 mrem/yr following remedial action for the current use and likely future use scenarios or a dose of 100 mrem/yr for less likely future use scenarios. The DOE residual radioactive material guideline computer code, RESRAD, was used in this evaluation; RESRAD implements the methodology described in the DOE manual for establishing residual radioactive material guidelines.

  7. Education in Colonial Africa: The German Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    vanderPloeg, Arie J.

    1977-01-01

    Examines the introduction and growth of state-supported schools in two German colonies in Africa, Kamerun and Deutsch Ostafrika, describes African reaction to and utilization of them, assesses, from the colonial perspective, why such schools were introduced and what they were intended to accomplish, and examines the reasons for their differential…

  8. Post-Colonial Recovering and Healing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weenie, Angelina

    Notions of white supremacy, racism, sexism, and patriarchy constitute the power relationships and hierarchical structures of colonialism. Power is accessed when certain cultural forms are made to prevail over others, thus producing racialized and marginalized identities. The will to control what is different is the main tenet of colonialism

  9. Continuing Education of Adults in Colonial America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Huey B.

    Designed to consolidate information about adult educational activities in colonial America, the publication covers self-directed learning, public lectures, apprenticeships and evening schools, education of women and girls, and leisure education. Advertisements and announcements from colonial newspapers published from 1765-1776 constituted the…

  10. Deadly competition between sibling bacterial colonies

    PubMed Central

    Be'er, Avraham; Zhang, H. P.; Florin, E.-L.; Payne, Shelley M.; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Swinney, Harry L.

    2009-01-01

    Bacteria can secrete a wide array of antibacterial compounds when competing with other bacteria for the same resources. Some of these compounds, such as bacteriocins, can affect bacteria of similar or closely related strains. In some cases, these secretions have been found to kill sibling cells that belong to the same colony. Here, we present experimental observations of competition between 2 sibling colonies of Paenibacillus dendritiformis grown on a low-nutrient agar gel. We find that neighboring colonies (growing from droplet inoculation) mutually inhibit growth through secretions that become lethal if the level exceeds a well-defined threshold. In contrast, within a single colony developing from a droplet inoculation, no growth inhibition is observed. However, growth inhibition and cell death are observed if material extracted from the agar between 2 growing colonies is introduced outside a growing single colony. To interpret the observations, we devised a simple mathematical model for the secretion of an antibacterial compound. Simulations of this model illustrate how secretions from neighboring colonies can be deadly, whereas secretions from a single colony growing from a droplet are not. PMID:19129489

  11. Artificial Bee Colony Training of Neural Networks

    E-print Network

    Bullinaria, John

    led to the introduction of many nature inspired optimization algorithms [6]. Such swarm intelligence.bham.ac.uk Abstract. The Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) is a recently introduced swarm intelligence algorithm. A more recent, and less well studied, swarm intelligence algorithm is the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC

  12. Concentrating Solar Power strategic plan summary

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    A strategic plan for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) -- A Bright Path to the Future -- was completed and released by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Solar Thermal, Biomass Power, and Hydrogen Technologies in December 1996. This strategic plan document will help bring CSP (formerly solar thermal electric) technologies to the marketplace over the course of the next 20 years (1996--2015) -- taking us from the current pre-competitive status closer to full commercialization. The plan, developed in concert with stakeholders, is a living document and will undergo periodic reevaluation as well as revision to reflect changes in the market environment, the progress of the technologies, and the development of new concepts and ideas.

  13. National strategic petroleum reserve.

    PubMed

    Davis, R M

    1981-08-01

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil reserve in the world. Facilities for expanding the reserve's capacity by another 290 million barrels are being developed by solution-mining in salt domes. PMID:17847458

  14. Strategic implementation plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    The Life Science Division of the NASA Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA) describes its plans for assuring the health, safety, and productivity of astronauts in space, and its plans for acquiring further fundamental scientific knowledge concerning space life sciences. This strategic implementation plan details OSSA's goals, objectives, and planned initiatives. The following areas of interest are identified: operational medicine; biomedical research; space biology; exobiology; biospheric research; controlled ecological life support; flight programs and advance technology development; the life sciences educational program; and earth benefits from space life sciences.

  15. CNHS Strategic Plan Communication Sciences and Disorders Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    CNHS Strategic Plan 2012-2015 Communication Sciences and Disorders Strategic Plan 2012 of communication disorders. To be a premier Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders in a small public of Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) is one of four academic departments in the College of Nursing

  16. Adult Learning as Strategic Behaviour and Strategic Learning as Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Damme, Dirk

    A conceptual framework for analyzing participation in adult education was developed. Adult education participation was considered a specific kind of strategic behavior. The term "strategic" was defined by proceeding from Pierre Bourdieu's concept of "educational strategy," which permits consideration of the structural constraints that the social…

  17. Colonie Interim Storage Site: Annual environmental report for calendar year 1990, Colonie, New York

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    Environmental monitoring of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS) and surrounding area began in 1984. CISS is part of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), a DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sties where residual radioactive materials remain from the early years of the nation's atomic energy program or from commercial operations causing conditions that Congress has authorized DOE to remedy. The routine environmental monitoring program at CISS includes sampling networks for external gamma radiation exposures and for radium-226, throium-232, an total uranium concentrations in surface water, sediment, and groundwater. Additionally, the nonradiological parameters volatile and semivolatile organics, pesticides/polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), metals, total organic carbon (TOC), total organic halides (TOX), specific conductivity, and pH are measured in groundwater. 14 refs., 20 figs., 25 tabs.

  18. Public health developments in colonial Malaya: colonialism and the politics of prevention.

    PubMed Central

    Manderson, L

    1999-01-01

    In both African and Asian colonies until the late 19th century, colonial medicine operated pragmatically to meet the medical needs first of colonial officers and troops, immigrant settlers, and laborers responsible for economic development, then of indigenous populations when their ill health threatened the well-being of the expatriate population. Since the turn of the century, however, the consequences of colonial expansion and development for indigenous people's health had become increasingly apparent, and disease control and public health programs were expanded in this light. These programs increased government surveillance of populations at both community and household levels. As a consequence, colonial states extended institutional oversight and induced dependency through public health measures. Drawing on my own work on colonial Malaya, I illustrate developments in public health and their links to the moral logic of colonialism and its complementarity to the political economy. PMID:9987478

  19. Characterization of developmental colony formation in Corynebacterium glutamicum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hideaki Takano; Akiko Shimizu; Rina Shibosawa; Rie Sasaki; Shino Iwagaki; Osamu Minagawa; Kazuki Yamanaka; Kiyoshi Miwa; Teruhiko Beppu; Kenji Ueda

    2008-01-01

    We report that Corynebacterium glutamicum colonies exhibit a developmental transition in culture. When cultured on a routinely used complete medium (CM2B), this bacterium\\u000a first formed a flat translucent colony. Subsequently, some parts of this colony expanded to form small spherical yellow colonies\\u000a that finally developed into a single large yellow colony. The small flat colony consisted of long thick cells,

  20. " Metrics Demystified" Best Practice Strategic Planning

    E-print Network

    Mofrad, Mohammad R. K.

    Performance Management Process #12;September 2012 5© GMI 2012 ­ All Rights Reserved SPCCaseStudy Strategic Direction Strategic Management Enhanced Bank-wide Strategy Formulation, Articulation, and Understanding Finance Management Risk Management Resource & Performance Management Business Line Strategic Objectives

  1. 21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony...

  2. 21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony...

  3. 21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony...

  4. 21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony...

  5. 21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony...

  6. Strategic databanks: design for success

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael K. Allio

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – Strategic planning remains the top-ranked management tool, across continents, sectors, and firm sizes. Yet many firms fail to adequately prepare a strategic databank to help optimize the planning process: senior managers suffer from too little formal data, too much, or unbalanced input that neglects critical market, industry, firm, and stakeholder inputs. This article outlines the key classes of

  7. NASA Space Sciences Strategic Planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crane, Philippe

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of strategic planning roadmap is to:Fulfill the strategic planning requirements; Provide a guide to the science community in presenting research requests to NASA; Inform and inspire; Focus investments in technology and research for future missions; and Provide the scientific and technical justification for augmentation requests.

  8. 10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2010-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

  9. 10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2011-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

  10. 10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2014-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

  11. 10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2012-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

  12. 10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2013-01-01... false Special nuclear material of low strategic...Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information...

  13. Ant Colonies Shed Light on Metabolism

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

    2010-08-26

    Press Release. Ants are usually regarded as the unwanted guests at a picnic. But a recent study of California seed harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex californicus) examining their metabolic rate in relation to colony size may lead to a better appreciation for the social, six-legged insects, whose colonies researchers say provide a theoretical framework for understanding cellular networks. Mr. Waters presented his paper, Scaling of Metabolism, Growth and Network Organization in Colonies of the Seed Harvester Ant, Pogonomyrmex californicus, at the American Physiological SocietyÂ?s Intersociety Meeting Global Science: Comparative Physiology in a Changing World. The program is located at http://the-aps.org/meetings/aps/comparative/preprogram.htm.

  14. Conventional Strategic Deterrence

    SciTech Connect

    Latter, A.L.; Martinelli, E.A.; Speed, R.D.

    1992-08-01

    The Bush Administration argues that the US, as the world's only remaining superpower, must be prepared to intervene militarily in regional conflicts. However, the traditional American way of fighting-relying on ground forces with heavy equipment, supported by naval and air forces--could prove too expensive, both monetarily and in terms of expected American casualties, to garner the support of the American public or Congress. This paper argues that the revolution in conventional weaponry demonstrated in the Persian Gulf War opens up the possibility of a new strategy--called Conventional Strategic Deterrence--that could reduce both financial costs and casualties (if it were necessary to implement the strategy) while still being a strong and credible deterrent to regional conflict.

  15. Conventional Strategic Deterrence

    SciTech Connect

    Latter, A.L.; Martinelli, E.A.; Speed, R.D.

    1992-08-01

    The Bush Administration argues that the US, as the world`s only remaining superpower, must be prepared to intervene militarily in regional conflicts. However, the traditional American way of fighting-relying on ground forces with heavy equipment, supported by naval and air forces--could prove too expensive, both monetarily and in terms of expected American casualties, to garner the support of the American public or Congress. This paper argues that the revolution in conventional weaponry demonstrated in the Persian Gulf War opens up the possibility of a new strategy--called Conventional Strategic Deterrence--that could reduce both financial costs and casualties (if it were necessary to implement the strategy) while still being a strong and credible deterrent to regional conflict.

  16. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-08-15

    This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

  17. ColonyArea: An ImageJ Plugin to Automatically Quantify Colony Formation in Clonogenic Assays

    PubMed Central

    Kaur, Amanpreet; Westermarck, Jukka; Abankwa, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The clonogenic or colony formation assay is a widely used method to study the number and size of cancer cell colonies that remain after irradiation or cytotoxic agent administration and serves as a measure for the anti-proliferative effect of these treatments. Alternatively, this assay is used to quantitate the transforming potential of cancer associated genes and chemical agents. Therefore, there is a need for a simplified and standardized analysis of colony formation assays for both routine laboratory use and for parallelized automated analysis. Here we describe the freely available ImageJ-plugin “ColonyArea”, which is optimized for rapid and quantitative analysis of focus formation assays conducted in 6- to 24-well dishes. ColonyArea processes image data of multi-well dishes, by separating, concentrically cropping and background correcting well images individually, before colony formation is quantitated. Instead of counting the number of colonies, ColonyArea determines the percentage of area covered by crystal violet stained cell colonies, also taking the intensity of the staining and therefore cell density into account. We demonstrate that these parameters alone or in combination allow for robust quantification of IC50 values of the cytotoxic effect of two staurosporines, UCN-01 and staurosporine (STS) on human glioblastoma cells (T98G). The relation between the potencies of the two compounds compared very well with that obtained from an absorbance based method to quantify colony growth and to published data. The ColonyArea ImageJ plugin provides a simple and efficient analysis routine to quantitate assay data of one of the most commonly used cellular assays. The bundle is freely available for download as supporting information. We expect that ColonyArea will be of broad utility for cancer biologists, as well as clinical radiation scientists. PMID:24647355

  18. ColonyArea: an ImageJ plugin to automatically quantify colony formation in clonogenic assays.

    PubMed

    Guzmán, Camilo; Bagga, Manish; Kaur, Amanpreet; Westermarck, Jukka; Abankwa, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The clonogenic or colony formation assay is a widely used method to study the number and size of cancer cell colonies that remain after irradiation or cytotoxic agent administration and serves as a measure for the anti-proliferative effect of these treatments. Alternatively, this assay is used to quantitate the transforming potential of cancer associated genes and chemical agents. Therefore, there is a need for a simplified and standardized analysis of colony formation assays for both routine laboratory use and for parallelized automated analysis. Here we describe the freely available ImageJ-plugin "ColonyArea", which is optimized for rapid and quantitative analysis of focus formation assays conducted in 6- to 24-well dishes. ColonyArea processes image data of multi-well dishes, by separating, concentrically cropping and background correcting well images individually, before colony formation is quantitated. Instead of counting the number of colonies, ColonyArea determines the percentage of area covered by crystal violet stained cell colonies, also taking the intensity of the staining and therefore cell density into account. We demonstrate that these parameters alone or in combination allow for robust quantification of IC50 values of the cytotoxic effect of two staurosporines, UCN-01 and staurosporine (STS) on human glioblastoma cells (T98G). The relation between the potencies of the two compounds compared very well with that obtained from an absorbance based method to quantify colony growth and to published data. The ColonyArea ImageJ plugin provides a simple and efficient analysis routine to quantitate assay data of one of the most commonly used cellular assays. The bundle is freely available for download as supporting information. We expect that ColonyArea will be of broad utility for cancer biologists, as well as clinical radiation scientists. PMID:24647355

  19. Underground Coal Gasification at Tennessee Colony 

    E-print Network

    Garrard, C. W.

    1979-01-01

    The Tennessee Colony In Situ Coal Gasification Project conducted by Basic Resources Inc. is the most recent step in Texas Utilities Company's ongoing research into the utilization of Texas lignite. The project, an application of the Soviet...

  20. Application of continuous monitoring of honeybee colonies

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Monitoring physical variables associated with honey bee colonies, including weight, temperature, humidity, respiratory gases, vibration, acoustics and forager traffic, in a continuous manner is becoming feasible for most researchers as the cost and size of electronic sensors and dataloggers decrease...

  1. Underground Coal Gasification at Tennessee Colony

    E-print Network

    Garrard, C. W.

    1979-01-01

    The Tennessee Colony In Situ Coal Gasification Project conducted by Basic Resources Inc. is the most recent step in Texas Utilities Company's ongoing research into the utilization of Texas lignite. The project, an application of the Soviet...

  2. History: The Colonial Williamsburg Official History Site

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Colonial Williamsburg has been a popular destination for American history buffs for eight decades, and they continue to impress with their fine website dedicated to providing biographies, essays, and articles on "the everyday life of extraordinary Americans." Visitors can read biographies of people who inhabited colonial-era Williamsburg, listen to their fife and drums corps, and tour the town. One area that is definitely worth a look is the "Gardens" section of the site. Here visitors can learn about the landscape restoration work on the site, the history of the gardens, and read the gardener's blog. Further along, the "Clothing" area includes narrative descriptions of men's clothing, women's clothing, and African American clothing during colonial times. Also, visitors can dress a colonial person from head to toe in the interactive adventure, "Dressing the Part". The site is rounded out by a "Conferences, Forums, and Workshops" area that includes information about their scholarly activities and upcoming forums.

  3. Adult Basic Education in Colonial America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Huey B.

    1983-01-01

    Describes the role of private teachers in colonial America, including evening schools and literacy education, costs of instruction, basic writing and arithmetic curriculum, evening schoolhouses, and schoolmasters' characteristics. Newspaper advertisements served as primary sources for the study. (SK)

  4. Mechanically driven branching of bacterial colonies.

    PubMed

    Giverso, Chiara; Verani, Marco; Ciarletta, Pasquale

    2015-07-01

    A continuum mathematical model with sharp interface is proposed for describing the occurrence of patterns in initially circular and homogeneous bacterial colonies. The mathematical model encapsulates the evolution of the chemical field characterized by a Monod-like uptake term, the chemotactic response of bacteria, the viscous interaction between the colony and the underlying culture medium and the effects of the surface tension at the boundary. The analytical analysis demonstrates that the front of the colony is linearly unstable for a proper choice of the parameters. The simulation of the model in the nonlinear regime confirms the development of fingers with typical wavelength controlled by the size parameters of the problem, whilst the emergence of branches is favored if the diffusion is dominant on the chemotaxis or for high values of the friction parameter. Such results provide new insights on pattern selection in bacterial colonies and may be applied for designing engineered patterns. PMID:25806474

  5. Optical image acquisition system for colony analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Weixing; Jin, Wenbiao

    2006-02-01

    For counting of both colonies and plaques, there is a large number of applications including food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing, AMES testing, pharmaceuticals, paints, sterile fluids and fungal contamination. Recently, many researchers and developers have made efforts for this kind of systems. By investigation, some existing systems have some problems since they belong to a new technology product. One of the main problems is image acquisition. In order to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed as: the box includes front lightning and back lightning, which can be selected by users based on properties of colony dishes. With the illumination box, lightning can be uniform; colony dish can be put in the same place every time, which make image processing easy. A digital camera in the top of the box connected to a PC computer with a USB cable, all the camera functions are controlled by the computer.

  6. Wise Mining Method through Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianxiong Yang; Junzo Watada

    2009-01-01

    This paper proposes an algorithm for data mining named Pheromone-Miner (ant-colony-based data miner). The algorithm is inspired by both researches on the behavior of real ant colonies and data mining concepts as well as principles. The goal of Pheromone-Miner is to extract more exact knowledge from a database. Pheromone-based mining breaks through limitations of other mining approaches. We compare the

  7. Biomimicry: Further Insights from Ant Colonies?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francis L. W. Ratnieks

    2007-01-01

    Biomimicry means learning from nature. Well known examples include physical structures such as the Velcro fastener. But natural\\u000a selection has also “engineered” mechanisms by which the components of adaptive biological systems are organized. For example,\\u000a natural selection has caused the foragers in an ant colony to cooperate and communicate in order to increase the total foraging\\u000a success of the colony.

  8. Scientific and practical applications of molecular colonies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. B. Chetverin; E. V. Chetverina

    2007-01-01

    The review briefs the history of the invention of the molecular colony techique, also known as a polony technology; applications\\u000a of this method to studies of the reactions between single RNA molecules, ultrasensitive diagnosis, gene cloning, and in vitro\\u000a screening, as well as the concepts of the origin of life that regard molecular colonies as a prototype of living organisms.

  9. Post-structuralism's colonial roots: Michel Foucault

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pal Ahluwalia

    2010-01-01

    Post-colonial theory is many different things to many different people. It serves many different purposes. It is drawn from the unique conditions which its adherents inhabit and from the unique experiences upon which they draw. For many commentators, Michel Foucault is at the heart of post-colonial thinking or, at the very least, his work contributes the embedding of the post-structural

  10. DIFFERENTIAL DRONE PRODUCTION BY AFRICANIZED AND EUROPEAN HONEY BEE COLONIES

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    DIFFERENTIAL DRONE PRODUCTION BY AFRICANIZED AND EUROPEAN HONEY BEE COLONIES Thomas E. RINDERER Road Baton Rouge, LA 7(1820, USA SUMMARY The numbers of mature drones leaving colonies of Africanizcd with 10 European and 10 Africanized colonies, were trapped for drones exiting individual colonies on 3

  11. A Strategic Management Model for Career Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banis, William

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the new-found importance of strategic planning and its role in career services. Describes the context for strategic management, such as resources, services, productivity, and effectiveness, and outlines ways to build a framework for strategic management. Provides a 15-step organization analysis, intended to form the basis for strategic…

  12. Strategic Groups: Theory, Research and Taxonomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard THOMAS; John McGee

    1986-01-01

    This paper discusses the concept of strategic groups, focusing upon the importance of intra-industry strategic groupings in understanding differences across firms within an industry. The problems involved in identifying strategic groups within industries are examined through a comprehensive review of recent studies. It is demonstrated that much of the research has used surrogates for elements of a firm's strategic direction,

  13. Corporate strategic plan for safeguards and security

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-06-01

    Department of Energy (DOE) safeguards and security (S and S) is a team effort, consisting of Field, National Laboratories, Program Office, and Headquarters units cooperating to support the Department`s diverse security needs. As an integral part of the nation`s security structure, the DOE S and S Program regularly supports and works in cooperation with other US Government agencies and private industry to improve the national security posture. Thus, inter- and intra-agency partnerships play an invaluable role in the continuing efforts to integrate and implement improved ways of doing business. Their Corporate Strategic Plan provides a road map to guide, track, and provide feedback for the incorporation and implementation of S and S activities within DOE. Part 1 Planning Framework, describes those overarching factors which influence the planning endeavors. Part 2, Strategic Perspective, outlines where the S and S Program has been and how they will move to the future through core competencies, changing cultural thinking, and implementing their strategies. Part 3, Strategic and Operational Integration, details critical focus areas, strategies, and success indicators designed to enhance inter-agency S and S integration and promote cooperation with external agencies. This Plan will be reviewed annually to ensure it remains supportive and fully-engaged with the nation`s and international security environments.

  14. Structural Health Monitoring of Strategically Tuned Absolutely Resilient Structures (STARS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen A. Marotta; Teng K. Ooi; John A. Gilbert

    Strategically Tuned Absolutely Resilient Structures (STARS) are being designed to store potential energy in the form of elastic deformation that can be released in a controlled fashion as work or kinetic energy. This paper outlines steps being taken to monitor the structural health of STARS by making modifications to a Remote Readiness Asset Prognostic and Diagnostic System (RRAPDS). The latter

  15. Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-05-15

    This May 15, 1989, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1989 through March 31, 1989.

  16. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-08-15

    This August 15, 1989, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1989 through June 30, 1989.

  17. Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-11-15

    This November 15, 1988, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period July 1, 1988 through September 30, 1988.

  18. Academic Testing Services STRATEGIC PLAN

    E-print Network

    Rock, Chris

    Academic Testing Services STRATEGIC PLAN 2009 MISSION STATEMENT Academic Testing Services provides proctored testing services administered in a secure and appropriate standardized testing environment. VISION STATEMENT Academic Testing Services will provide quality services that are integral to recruitment

  19. Strategic Planning - NCI OSPA Website

    Cancer.gov

    OSPA guides the NCI Divisions, Offices, and Centers (DOCs) in developing goals and strategies that will collectively help NCI achieve its vision. OSPA begins this process by educating NCI staff about the purpose, value, and process of strategic panning.

  20. NASAwhitepaper Aeronautics Research Strategic Vision

    E-print Network

    Waliser, Duane E.

    NASAwhitepaper Aeronautics Research Strategic Vision A Blueprint for Transforming Global Air-being. NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) is responsible for developing tools aeronautics research and development. Graphic: NASA #12;Emerging Global Trends Challenge Traditional Planning

  1. Strategic Technology JET PROPULSION LABORATORY

    E-print Network

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Strategic Technology Directions JET PROPULSION LABORATORY National Aeronautics and Space, and science goals for NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. It derives from and updates the previous also represent technology capabilities that the Jet Propulsion Laboratory believes are essential

  2. The Strategic Nature of Politics 

    E-print Network

    Ramirez, Mark Daniel

    2011-02-22

    , there is a time varying relationship between various appeals and public opinion. A content analysis of crime news in the New York Times provides measures of four types of strategic messages. Instrumental factors such as the economy and public policy...

  3. Strategic plan for infrastructure optimization

    SciTech Connect

    Donley, C.D.

    1998-05-27

    This document represents Fluor Daniel Hanford`s and DynCorp`s Tri-Cities Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 1998--2002, the road map that will guide them into the next century and their sixth year of providing safe and cost effective infrastructure services and support to the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Hanford Site. The Plan responds directly to the issues raised in the FDH/DOE Critical Self Assessment specifically: (1) a strategy in place to give DOE the management (systems) and physical infrastructure for the future; (2) dealing with the barriers that exist to making change; and (3) a plan to right-size the infrastructure and services, and reduce the cost of providing services. The Plan incorporates initiatives from several studies conducted in Fiscal Year 1997 to include: the Systems Functional Analysis, 200 Area Water Commercial Practices Plan, $ million Originated Cost Budget Achievement Plan, the 1OO Area Vacate Plan, the Railroad Shutdown Plan, as well as recommendations from the recently completed Review of Hanford Electrical Utility. These and other initiatives identified over the next five years will result in significant improvements in efficiency, allowing a greater portion of the infrastructure budget to be applied to Site cleanup. The Plan outlines a planning and management process that defines infrastructure services and structure by linking site technical base line data and customer requirements to work scope and resources. The Plan also provides a vision of where Site infrastructure is going and specific initiatives to get there.

  4. 'Developmental' Divergences And Continuities Between Colonial And Pre-Colonial Regimes: The Case Of Asante, Ghana, 1701-1957

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gareth Austin

    This paper is intended to contribute to the debate, dating from the colonial era itself, about the effects of colonial rule on the economic development of the colonized territories. Specifically, I adopt an approach suggested by the organizers of this workshop: of systematically comparing colonial and post-colonial regimes in the same physical space. This method has the merit of countering

  5. Collective personalities in honeybee colonies are linked to colony fitness Margaret K. Wray a,*, Heather R. Mattila b,1

    E-print Network

    Childress, Michael J.

    Collective personalities in honeybee colonies are linked to colony fitness Margaret K. Wray a behaviour colony fitness honeybee Personality differences (i.e. consistent between-individual differences the concept of collective personality to colonies of honeybees (Apis mellifera). We document the presence

  6. Understanding Long-Run African Growth: Colonial Institutions or Colonial Education? Evidence from a New Data Set

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jutta Bolt; Dirk Bezemer

    2008-01-01

    Long-term growth in developing countries has been explained in four frameworks: ‘extractive colonial institutions’ (Acemoglu et al., 2001), ‘colonial legal origin’ (La Porta et al., 2004) ‘geography’ (Gallup et al., 1998) and ‘colonial human capital’ (Glaeser et al., 2004). In this paper we test the ‘colonial human capital’ explanation for sub-Saharan Africa, controlling for legal origins and geography. Utilizing freshly

  7. Abundance Distribution and Colony Size Estimates for Reticulitermes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RALPH W. HOWARD; SUSAN C. JONES; JOE K. MAULDIN; RAYMOND H. BEAL

    ABSTRACT Enviton. Entomol. 11: 1290-1293 (1982) A census of 24 1-ha plots indicated .an average abundance per ha of 4.42 colonies of Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) and 2.38 colonies of R. virginicus (Banks). Nearest neighbor analysis indicated the mean distance between colonies of R. f2avipes to be 22.48 m, between colonies of R. virginicus to be 26.19 m, and between colonies,

  8. Executive presence for strategic influence.

    PubMed

    Shirey, Maria R

    2013-01-01

    This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advancing organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tools, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author discusses cultivating executive presence, a crucial component of great leadership, needed for strategic influence and to drive change. PMID:23892301

  9. Work plan for the remedial investigation/feasibility study-environmental assessment for the Colonie site, Colonie, New York

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-06-01

    This work plan has been prepared to document the scoping and planning process performed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to support remedial action activities at the Colonie site. The site is located in eastern New York State in the town of Colonie near the city of Albany. Remedial action of the Colonie site is being planned as part of DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. The DOE is responsible for controlling the release of all radioactive and chemical contaminants from the site. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), a remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) must be prepared to support the decision-making process for evaluating remedial action alternatives. This work plan contains a summary of information known about the site as of January 1988, presents a conceptual site model that identifies potential routes of human exposure to site containments, identifies data gaps, and summarizes the process and proposed studies that will be used to fill the data gaps. In addition, DOE activities must be conducted in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), which requires consideration of the environmental consequences of a proposed action as part of its decision-making process. This work also describes the approach that will be used to evaluate potential remedial action alternatives and includes a description of the organization, project controls, and task schedules that will be employed to fulfill the requirements of both CERCLA and NEPA. 48 refs., 18 figs., 25 tabs.

  10. 10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

  11. 10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

  12. 10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

  13. 10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

  14. 10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information must be...

  15. 75 FR 22561 - Federal Advisory Committee; United States Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group; Charter...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ...the U.S. Strategic Command independent...advice and recommendations on scientific...Nation's strategic war plans...advice and recommendations regarding...advice and recommendations on other...Nation's strategic...

  16. Fuzzy integrated analytic hierarchy process approach for selecting strategic big-sized R&D programs in the sector of energy technology development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. K. Lee; G. Mogi; M. Koike; K. S. Hui; J. W. Kim

    2009-01-01

    Energy environment has been changing rapidly such as the fluctuation of oil prices and the effect on UNFCCC (United nations framework convention on climate change). Korea is easily affected by the change of oil prices due to poor natural resources and large dependence of consumed energy resources in Korea. Energy technology development is a crucial key considering Korea's national energy

  17. Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Continuous Domains Based on Position Distribution Model of Ant Colony Foraging

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Liqiang; Dai, Yuntao

    2014-01-01

    Ant colony optimization algorithm for continuous domains is a major research direction for ant colony optimization algorithm. In this paper, we propose a distribution model of ant colony foraging, through analysis of the relationship between the position distribution and food source in the process of ant colony foraging. We design a continuous domain optimization algorithm based on the model and give the form of solution for the algorithm, the distribution model of pheromone, the update rules of ant colony position, and the processing method of constraint condition. Algorithm performance against a set of test trials was unconstrained optimization test functions and a set of optimization test functions, and test results of other algorithms are compared and analyzed to verify the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. PMID:24955402

  18. Parasitism and phenotypic change in colonial hosts.

    PubMed

    Hartikainen, Hanna; Fontes, Inês; Okamura, Beth

    2013-09-01

    Changes in host phenotype are often attributed to manipulation that enables parasites to complete trophic transmission cycles. We characterized changes in host phenotype in a colonial host–endoparasite system that lacks trophic transmission (the freshwater bryozoan Fredericella sultana and myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae). We show that parasitism exerts opposing phenotypic effects at the colony and module levels. Thus, overt infection (the development of infectious spores in the host body cavity) was linked to a reduction in colony size and growth rate, while colony modules exhibited a form of gigantism. Larger modules may support larger parasite sacs and increase metabolite availability to the parasite. Host metabolic rates were lower in overtly infected relative to uninfected hosts that were not investing in propagule production. This suggests a role for direct resource competition and active parasite manipulation (castration) in driving the expression of the infected phenotype. The malformed offspring (statoblasts) of infected colonies had greatly reduced hatching success. Coupled with the severe reduction in statoblast production this suggests that vertical transmission is rare in overtly infected modules. We show that although the parasite can occasionally infect statoblasts during overt infections, no infections were detected in the surviving mature offspring, suggesting that during overt infections, horizontal transmission incurs a trade-off with vertical transmission. PMID:23965820

  19. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, (January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-05-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq's invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department's crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

  20. [Colony defence of Asian honey bees].

    PubMed

    Koeniger, V N; Fuchs, S

    1975-02-01

    Colony Defence in Asian Honey Bees. 1. In Ais cerana, Apis dorsata and Apis florea a defence behaviour (Körperschütteln) can be released by the approach of flying insects. Films of Apis cerana colonies exhibiting this behaviour were made and anaylysed. 2. Körperschütteln "could not be released by various mechanical and chemical" stimuli. Only the movement of a dark object before light background was effective in releasing this behaviour. 3. The optimal angular velocity of the dark object when moved on a moving disk was between 80 degrees to 250 degrees per sec. The optimal size for stimulation was between 5 degrees and 12 degrees (visual angle). 4. The stimulatory effect was not greatly influenced by the shape of the dark object. 5. Continued stimulation over a 90 min period resulted in 80% reduction in the number of responding bees. 6. The colony's ability to discriminate between returning forager bees and other flying insects is discussed. PMID:1172342

  1. The Colonie FUSRAP Site: CY2002 Situation Report

    SciTech Connect

    Sheeran, A. R.; Dufek, K.; Moore, J.

    2003-02-26

    This paper presents a summary of accomplishments at the Colonie FUSRAP Site in Fiscal Year 2002. During this period several significant milestones were achieved and have set the stage for the project to be completed in a more comprehensive manner, ahead of schedule and at a lower cost than the original Remedial Plan inherited from the Dept of Energy in 1997. Discussion of the DOE and subsequent USACE remedial plans is included along with summary level discussions of the key site infrastructure and remedial elements.

  2. Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-11-15

    The August 15, 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1987 through June 30, 1987. The program background and major activities of this quarter are briefly discussed. Other topics are site development; oil acquisition; information on the budget and cost of the reserve; and other program items. During the second quarter of 1987, Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage capacity reached 570 million barrels. At Bryan Mound, final corrective leaching was completed in Cavern 5 whose conversion from sweet to sour crude oil storage is proceeding on schedule. At West Hackberry, leaching was completed for Cavern 115 and proceeded in the four remaining caverns still under development. At the Bayou Choctaw site, Cavern 17 oil fill was initiated; this 10-million-barrel cavern currently contains over five million barrels of oil. At Big Hill, construction has progressed to the point that attainment of leaching capability by the end of September is on schedule. The total inventory of crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 527,186,515 barrels during the quarter ending June 30, 1987. The average fill rate during the quarter was 79,119 barrels per day, and the weighted average delivered price during this quarter was $19.17 per barrel. Funds available for obligation in fiscal year 1987 include $526 million in the SPR Petroleum Account for the acquisition and transportation of crude oil and $262 million in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account for activities associated with storage facilities development and the operation and management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Approximately $23 million of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account funds will be carried over to reduce new budget authority required for the account in fiscal year 1988.

  3. Strategic materials availability and supply

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stephens, Joseph R.

    1989-01-01

    An evaluation is made of the supply sources and current availability of elements involved in superalloy compositions, as well as of development trends in the substitution of strategic materials for superalloys, giving attention to the results thus far achieved by NASA's Conservation of Strategic Aerospace Materials program, which formally operated only from 1980 to 1984 but whose various research initiatives have been continued under other NASA programs. Peacetime and wartime economies' need and probable availability analyses are presented for bauxite/aluminum, the Pt-group metals, and the alloying elements Mn, Nb, Ta, Co, Cr, Ni, W, Fe, Cu, Ti, Mo, and Mg.

  4. Characteristics of Useful and Practical Organizational Strategic Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, Roger

    2014-01-01

    Most organizational strategic plans are not strategic but rather tactical or operational plans masquerading as "strategic." This article identifies the basic elements required in a useful and practical strategic plan and explains why they are important.

  5. Sustainability Strategic Plan 20132016 At Yale, we believe that

    E-print Network

    solid waste · 28% recycling rate · 95% of dining hall food waste composted · 37% of dining hall food policies, waste reduction, and building renovation and construction. The strategic plan that follows energy, serving food, circulating vehic- ular and pedestrian trac, distributing documents

  6. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Distribution (SPRED) simulation model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dennis Taillie; John Neidlinger; Joseph Demasco; William Begenyi

    1978-01-01

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Distribution (SPRED) Model is a large scale computer simulation model developed by ERNST & ERNST, Washington, D.C. for the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Maritime Administration, Department of Commerce. The Model has been developed using SIMSCRIPT II.5 in an interactive timesharing mode. The Model is a versatile tool for studying present and future import patterns

  7. Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research: FY86 Annual report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay; B. H. Diehl; K. W. Hornung; D. A. Doughty

    1987-01-01

    The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) provides analytical support to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) through a contractual arrangement with the Bartlesville Project Office of the DOE. Work performed during the contract period of this report included establishing new and modifying old methodology for expanded and improved crude oil characterization. The expanded comprehensive characterization scheme that

  8. Strategic facilities planning from the top down.

    PubMed

    Freed, D H; Ferri, E L

    1992-05-01

    An institution's strategic plan can serve as a blueprint on which to build department goals. The authors discuss how they developed a master facilities plan that was closely coordinated with their institution's strategic plan. PMID:10117775

  9. University of Georgia 2020 Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    University of Georgia 2020 Strategic Plan Building on Excellence October 30, 2012 #12;Building...............................................................................................................................................1 The Mission of the University of Georgia Sustainability.....27 Appendix A. University of Georgia Strategic Planning Committee 2009

  10. Idaho National Laboratory/Nuclear Power Industry Strategic Plan for Light Water Reactor Research and Development An Industry-Government Partnership to Address Climate Change and Energy Security

    SciTech Connect

    Electric Power Research

    2007-11-01

    The dual issues of energy security and climate change mitigation are driving a renewed debate over how to best provide safe, secure, reliable and environmentally responsible electricity to our nation. The combination of growing energy demand and aging electricity generation infrastructure suggests major new capacity additions will be required in the years ahead.

  11. Controlled Use Robot Colony Power Supply Gary Parker

    E-print Network

    Parker, Gary B.

    at a power station. onboard controller implemented to direct hexapod colony robot behavior according power University's Field Robotics Center a robot, Rosie, specifically created operate nuclear environments Environment walled established Connecticut College Robotics Lab colony robotics research will populated

  12. Influence of task switching costs on colony homeostasis.

    PubMed

    Jeanson, Raphaël; Lachaud, Jean-Paul

    2015-06-01

    In social insects, division of labour allows colonies to optimise the allocation of workers across all available tasks to satisfy colony requirements. The maintenance of stable conditions within colonies (homeostasis) requires that some individuals move inside the nest to monitor colony needs and execute unattended tasks. We developed a simple theoretical model to explore how worker mobility inside the nest and task switching costs influence the maintenance of stable levels of task-associated stimuli. Our results indicate that worker mobility in large colonies generates important task switching costs and is detrimental to colony homeostasis. Our study suggests that the balance between benefits and costs associated with the mobility of workers patrolling inside the nest depends on colony size. We propose that several species of ants with diverse life-history traits should be appropriate to test the prediction that the proportion of mobile workers should vary during colony ontogeny. PMID:26040241

  13. Influence of task switching costs on colony homeostasis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeanson, Raphaël; Lachaud, Jean-Paul

    2015-06-01

    In social insects, division of labour allows colonies to optimise the allocation of workers across all available tasks to satisfy colony requirements. The maintenance of stable conditions within colonies (homeostasis) requires that some individuals move inside the nest to monitor colony needs and execute unattended tasks. We developed a simple theoretical model to explore how worker mobility inside the nest and task switching costs influence the maintenance of stable levels of task-associated stimuli. Our results indicate that worker mobility in large colonies generates important task switching costs and is detrimental to colony homeostasis. Our study suggests that the balance between benefits and costs associated with the mobility of workers patrolling inside the nest depends on colony size. We propose that several species of ants with diverse life-history traits should be appropriate to test the prediction that the proportion of mobile workers should vary during colony ontogeny.

  14. Economic Development of British Colonial America

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Serena Zabin

    Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

  15. Fire protection for a Martian colony

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beattie, Robert M., Jr.

    The fire prevention failures that occurred in Apollo 1 and Challenger accidents are reviewed and used to discuss fire protection measures that should be taken in a Martian colony. Fire detection systems, classes of fire, and suppression agents are described. The organization of fire fighting personnel appropriate for Mars is addressed.

  16. The Adaptation Concept in British Colonial Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bude, Udo

    1983-01-01

    The history of British colonial educational policies, particularly the adaptation concept in Black Africa, is discussed. "Adaptation" refers to an educational scheme, supposedly adapted to the needs of Black people, completely oriented toward family and community life, and based on recommendations by the 1920-21 and 1924 Phelps-Stokes Commission…

  17. A DISTRIBUTED APPROACH TO ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Costin B?dic?

    2010-01-01

    Swarm Intelligence(SI) is the emergent collective intelligence of groups of simple agents. Economy is an example of SI. Simulating an economy using Ant Colony algorithms would allow prediction and control of fluctuations in the complex emergent behavior of the simulated system. Such a simulation is far beyond SI's capabilities, which is still in its infancy. This paper presents a distributed

  18. ANT COLONY ROUTE OPTIMIZATION FOR MUNICIPAL SERVICES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nikolaos V. Karadimas; Georgios Kouzas; Ioannis Anagnostopoulos; Vassili Loumos; Elefterios Kayafas

    In the present paper the Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) Algorithm is introduced for best routing identification applied in urban solid waste collection. The proposed solid waste management system is based on a geo-referenced Spatial Database supported by a Geographic Information System (GIS). The GIS takes account of all the required parameters for solid waste collection. These parameters involve static and

  19. Classification Rule Discovery with Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bo Liu; Hussein A. Abbass; Bob Mckay

    2003-01-01

    Abstract, Ant-based algorithms or ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithms have been applied successfully to combinatorial optimization problems. More recently, Parpinelli and colleagues applied ACO to data mining classification problems, where they introduced a classification algorithm called Ant _ Miner. In this paper, we present an improvement to Ant _ Miner (we call it Ant _ Miner3). The proposed version was

  20. Reservoir Operation by Ant Colony Optimization Algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. R. Jalali

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithms are proposed for reservoir operation. Through a collection of cooperative agents called ants, the near optimum solution to the reservoir operation can be effectively achieved. To apply ACO algorithms, the problem is approached by considering a finite horizon with a time series of inflow, classifying the reservoir volume to several intervals, and

  1. Exchange strategies for multiple Ant Colony System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Issmail Ellabib; Paul H. Calamai; Otman A. Basir

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we apply the concept of parallel processing to enhance the performance of the Ant Colony System algo- rithm. New exchange strategies based on a weighting scheme are introduced under three different types of interactions. A search assessment technique based on a team consensus methodology is developed to study the influence of these strategies on the search behavior.

  2. Branching instability in expanding bacterial colonies.

    PubMed

    Giverso, Chiara; Verani, Marco; Ciarletta, Pasquale

    2015-03-01

    Self-organization in developing living organisms relies on the capability of cells to duplicate and perform a collective motion inside the surrounding environment. Chemical and mechanical interactions coordinate such a cooperative behaviour, driving the dynamical evolution of the macroscopic system. In this work, we perform an analytical and computational analysis to study pattern formation during the spreading of an initially circular bacterial colony on a Petri dish. The continuous mathematical model addresses the growth and the chemotactic migration of the living monolayer, together with the diffusion and consumption of nutrients in the agar. The governing equations contain four dimensionless parameters, accounting for the interplay among the chemotactic response, the bacteria-substrate interaction and the experimental geometry. The spreading colony is found to be always linearly unstable to perturbations of the interface, whereas branching instability arises in finite-element numerical simulations. The typical length scales of such fingers, which align in the radial direction and later undergo further branching, are controlled by the size parameters of the problem, whereas the emergence of branching is favoured if the diffusion is dominant on the chemotaxis. The model is able to predict the experimental morphologies, confirming that compact (resp. branched) patterns arise for fast (resp. slow) expanding colonies. Such results, while providing new insights into pattern selection in bacterial colonies, may finally have important applications for designing controlled patterns. PMID:25652464

  3. Project Final Report: HPC-Colony II

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, Terry R [ORNL; Kale, Laxmikant V [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Moreira, Jose [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center

    2013-11-01

    This report recounts the HPC Colony II Project which was a computer science effort funded by DOE's Advanced Scientific Computing Research office. The project included researchers from ORNL, IBM, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The topic of the effort was adaptive system software for extreme scale parallel machines. A description of findings is included.

  4. Pioneer medical missions in colonial Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles M. Good

    1991-01-01

    Protestant and Roman Catholic missions pioneered Western medicine and public health in much of Africa decades in advance of health services provided by colonial governments. A century later church-based hospitals and health care programs continue to account for 25% to 50% of available services in most African countries. In view of the important historical and continuing role of medical missions

  5. Revisiting Elitism in Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony White; Simon Kaegi; Terri Oda

    2003-01-01

    Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) has been applied successfully in solving the Traveling Salesman Problem. Marco Dorigo et al. used Ant System (AS) to explore the Symmetric Traveling Salesman Problem and found that the use of a small number of elitist ants can improve algorithm performance. The elitist ants take advantage of global knowledge of the best tour found to date

  6. STATUS OF GREAT BLUE HERON COLONIES IN

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MARTY MURPHY

    1988-01-01

    colonies. Many of the herons' feeding grounds are threatened also. The largest lakes in King County are Lake Washington and Lake Sammamish. Around the former only six wetlands remain, and some of these are threatened by development. The two wetlands on Lake Sammamish are both within parks. According to the Puget Sound Water Quality Authority (1987), approximately 14,000 acres of

  7. Strategic Alliance Poker: Demonstrating the Importance of Complementary Resources and Trust in Strategic Alliance Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reutzel, Christopher R.; Worthington, William J.; Collins, Jamie D.

    2012-01-01

    Strategic Alliance Poker (SAP) provides instructors with an opportunity to integrate the resource based view with their discussion of strategic alliances in undergraduate Strategic Management courses. Specifically, SAP provides Strategic Management instructors with an experiential exercise that can be used to illustrate the value creation…

  8. Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 Strategic Plan 2012-2014

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 1 Strategic Plan 2012-2014 www.tcd.ie/tcbr #12;Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research Strategic Plan 2012-2014 2 TCBR Strategic Plan 2012-2014 Mission statement The mission of Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research (TCBR) is to bring together

  9. The hyper-cube framework for ant colony optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Blum; Marco Dorigo

    2004-01-01

    Ant colony optimization is a metaheuristic approach belonging to the class of model-based search algorithms. In this paper, we propose a new framework for implementing ant colony optimization algorithms called the hyper-cube framework for ant colony optimization. In contrast to the usual way of implementing ant colony optimization algorithms, this framework limits the pheromone values to the interval [0,1]. This

  10. Power Efficient Resource Allocation for Clouds Using Ant Colony Framework

    E-print Network

    Chimakurthi, Lskrao

    2011-01-01

    Cloud computing is one of the rapidly improving technologies. It provides scalable resources needed for the ap- plications hosted on it. As cloud-based services become more dynamic, resource provisioning becomes more challenging. The QoS constrained resource allocation problem is considered in this paper, in which customers are willing to host their applications on the provider's cloud with a given SLA requirements for performance such as throughput and response time. Since, the data centers hosting the applications consume huge amounts of energy and cause huge operational costs, solutions that reduce energy consumption as well as operational costs are gaining importance. In this work, we propose an energy efficient mechanism that allocates the cloud resources to the applications without violating the given service level agreements(SLA) using Ant colony framework.

  11. Promise or Peril: The Strategic Defense Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brzezinski, Zbigniew, Ed.; And Others

    The major policy debate touched off by President Reagan's March 1983 speech announcing the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was the reopening of one that had begun 35 years before. Then and now the ultimate question is what kind of strategic posture is most likely to contribute to mutual strategic stability? The answer is central to national…

  12. Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 2013

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 ­ 2013 Published by the Wisconsin Department preventable traffic death is one too many Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan 2011 ­ 2013 Wisconsin Strategic Highway Safety Plan for 2011-2013. This document provides background and details about highway

  13. UTHSC College of Nursing Strategic Plan Goals

    E-print Network

    Cui, Yan

    UTHSC College of Nursing Strategic Plan Goals ! Strategic Initiative: Excellence in Academic and diversity of TN and the region 3. Promote pipeline initiatives, such as articulation agreements 4. Employ and Scholarship 3.1 Re-define our research agenda 3.2 Strategically hire an Associate Dean for Research and nurse

  14. MEDICINE AND Strategic Plan 2013 2017

    E-print Network

    Schellekens, Michel P.

    COLLEGE OF MEDICINE AND HEALTH Strategic Plan 2013 ­ 2017 #12;College of Medicine & Health, University College Cork Strategic Plan 2013 - 2017 | 2 Executive Summary The College of Medicine & Health has five years. #12;College of Medicine & Health, University College Cork Strategic Plan 2013 - 2017 | 3

  15. Strategic growth MoMentuM for

    E-print Network

    Goodisman, Michael

    Strategic growth MoMentuM for Leveraging annual report 2011 #12;Leveraging MoMentuM for Strategic............................................................. 36 the preSident'S caBinet....................................... 40 Table of conTenTs #12;Strategic and rescue robotics; and faculty appointments to key scientific and policy positions includ- ing NASA chief

  16. Vision 2020 Strategic Plan November 2011 Update

    E-print Network

    Harms, Kyle E.

    and excellence. Mission Statement #12; Vision 2020 Strategic Plan Department of Residential Life 2Vision 2020 Strategic Plan November 2011 Update Residential Life #12; Vision 2020 Strategic Plan that meet the needs of the campus community. VISION Be a premier living-learning community that embodies

  17. Strategic Planning Incentive Fund (SPIF) Request Form

    E-print Network

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    Strategic Planning Incentive Fund (SPIF) Request Form The Strategic Priority Incentive Funding (SPIF) ensures that strategic initiatives continue to move forward. The college deploys 2% of its annual Allocation Mapping to evaluate SPIF requests and to make recommendations to the President's Cabinet

  18. Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process

    E-print Network

    Liu, Paul

    Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process June 2012 Marc Hoit, Ph.D. Vice Chancellor for Information Technology North Carolina State University #12;Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process June 2012 Page 2 Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process

  19. Strategic Planning the in Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgakakos, John H.

    This literature review considers definitions of strategic planning as well as historical and operational aspects of its use at community colleges. First, a number of definitions of strategic planning are presented, indicating that, compared to long-range planning, strategic planning is more action-oriented and more concerned with issues, the…

  20. UC MERCED STRATEGIC ACADEMIC VISION Beginnings

    E-print Network

    Westerling, Anthony L.

    system capacity to meet the tenets of the "Master Plan" while also accommodating statewide populationUC MERCED STRATEGIC ACADEMIC VISION Beginnings: A Legacy Renewed for the 21st Century STRATEGIC for the 21st Century STRATEGIC ACADEMIC VISION UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, MERCED 2009 #12;Central Valley

  1. COLLEGE OF SCIENCE Strategic Plan Summary

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    created by this multi-dimensional mission are quite apparent in the College of Science and we mustCOLLEGE OF SCIENCE Strategic Plan Summary #12;College of Science Strategic Plan Summary | 1 COLLEGE OF SCIENCE STRATEGIC PLAN SUMMARY Strengthening Science; Rigor and Relevance Preamble The core disciplines

  2. Automated Knowledge Acquisition for Strategic Knowledge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas R. Gruber

    1989-01-01

    Strategic knowledge is used by an agent to decide what action to perform next, where actions have consequences external to the agent. This article presents a computer-mediated method for acquiring strategic knowledge. The general knowledge acquisition problem and the special difficulties of acquiring strategic knowledge are analyzed in terms of representation mismatch: the difference between the form in which knowledge

  3. Physical Plant Strategic Plan 2010 PHYSICAL PLANT

    E-print Network

    Westfall, Peter H.

    Physical Plant Strategic Plan ­ 2010 1 PHYSICAL PLANT 2010 STRATEGIC PLAN Strategic Planning and Assessment Reports MISSION STATEMENT The Physical Plant provides building and service environments conducive Physical Plant will be recognized both within the university and externally as an efficient and effective

  4. Consultancy on Strategic Information Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pejova, Zdravka, Ed.; Horton, Forest W., Ed.

    At the workshop, better management through strategic planning of information and consultancy was discussed as one way in which developing and Eastern European countries could tackle the complex information problems they are facing during the transition to a market economy. The sixteen papers in this volume are grouped into three basic categories:…

  5. 10?Learning and Strategic Alliances

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew C. Inkpen; Eric W. K. Tsang

    2007-01-01

    Various researchers have suggested that an important explanatory factor for the growth in strategic alliances is that alliances provide a platform for organizational learning, giving firms access to the knowledge of their partners. The notion that alliances are a vehicle for learning is the basis for an important and cross-disciplinary stream of research. This chapter examines theoretical and empirical research

  6. Strategic petroleum reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-05-15

    This Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1991, through March 31, 1991. A special section is also included discussing the January 1991 drawdown and distribution of crude oil. 8 tabs.

  7. Strategic petroleum reserves in Maine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tibbetts

    1977-01-01

    An evaluation was made to determine if the State of Maine should develop a State petroleum storage reserve to protect its economic and social vitality against future petroleum shortages. The requirements for residual oil are delineated and alternate storage options are described. The adequacy of the National Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program (S.P.R.) as a tool for alleviating shortfalls of residual

  8. Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-08-15

    This report describes activities undertaken with respect to the development of the Reserve. The introduction and summary briefly discuss program background and major activities of the quarter. Section II describes site development. Oil acquisition activities are reported in Section III. Information on the budget and cost of the Reserve is contained in Section IV. Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage capacity reached 581.3 million barrels. The total inventory of crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve reached 550, 055,724 barrels. The average fill rate during the quarter was 56,239 barrels per day, and the weighted average delivered price during this quarter was $15.99 per barrel. The average fill rate through the third quarter of fiscal year 1988 was 59,000 barrels per day. Funds available for obligation in fiscal year 1988 include $439 million in the SPR Petroleum Account for the acquisition and transportation of crude oil and $232 million in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account for activities associated with storage facilities development and the operation and management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

  9. Strategic National Arts Alumni Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strategic National Arts Alumni Project, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This brief document provides an overview of the Strategic National Arts Alumni Project (SNAAP), an annual online survey, data management, and institutional improvement system designed to enhance the impact of arts-school education. SNAAP aims to provide the first national data on how artists develop in this country, help identify the factors…

  10. Strategic facility location: A review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Hesse Owen; Mark S. Daskin

    1998-01-01

    Facility location decisions are a critical element in strategic planning for a wide range of private and public firms. The ramifications of siting facilities are broadly based and long-lasting, impacting numerous operational and logistical decisions. High costs associated with property acquisition and facility construction make facility location or relocation projects long-term investments. To make such undertakings profitable, firms plan for

  11. Strategic Listening for School Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tate, Jeannine S.; Dunklee, Dennis R.

    2005-01-01

    The ability to communicate effectively with multiple constituencies is recognized as an essential characteristic of effective leaders. Listening strategically is a way of showing parents, students, faculty, staff, and others that their ideas and beliefs are of value. The authors' practitioner-friendly book concentrates on the importance of…

  12. TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY STRATEGIC PLAN

    E-print Network

    Rock, Chris

    TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY STRATEGIC PLAN (revised 2008-09) MISSION STATEMENT Committed to teaching and the advancement of knowledge, Texas Tech University, a comprehensive public research university, provides, and stimulates meaningful research and service to humankind. VISION STATEMENT Texas Tech University

  13. Strategic deconfliction of aircraft trajectories

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for every trajectory is obtained within affordable computation time. Keywords. 4D trajectory planningStrategic deconfliction of aircraft trajectories Supatcha CHAIMATANAN, Daniel DELAHAYE and Marcel a methodology to minimize the number of po- tential conflicts between aircraft trajectories based on route

  14. Strategic Academic Plan 2013 2018

    E-print Network

    Sokolowski, Marla

    -2018 Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Table of Contents Chair's Message 1 Executive Summary 2 of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Page 2 Executive Summary The Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck SurgeryStrategic Academic Plan 2013 ­ 2018 2013-2018 Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery

  15. SCE STRATEGIC PLAN VISION STATEMENT

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    1 SCE STRATEGIC PLAN 2013-2015 VISION STATEMENT We shall be recognized as the premier educational, economic and workforce development. MISSION STATEMENT To expand the University's reach throughout the world statements (return on mission) Goal 2: Utilize continuous improvement (CI) to achieve reliable and efficient

  16. Strategic KM, Innovation and Performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carolina López-nicolás; Ángel Luis Meroño-Cerdán

    2008-01-01

    Our aim is to shed light on the consequences of KM strategies on firm's innovation and corporate performance. Organizations are not aware of the real implications that KM may have. Our conclusions, based on an empirical study consisted of 310 Spanish organizations and structural equations modeling with LISREL 8.7, may help academics and managers in designing KM strategic programs in

  17. Persistent equilibria in strategic games

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Kalai; D. Samet

    1984-01-01

    A perfect equilibrium [Selten] can be viewed as a Nash equilibrium with certain properties of local stability. Simple examples show that a stronger notion of local stability is needed to eliminate unreasonable Nash equilibria. The persistent equilibrium is such a notion. Properties of this solution are studied. In particular, it is shown that in each strategic game there exists a

  18. Research Computing Strategic Planning Report

    E-print Network

    Noble, James S.

    8/7/06 Research Computing Strategic Planning Report Product of: Research Computing Advisory Group://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/cyber #12;2 Research Computing Advisory Group Members Gary K. Allen Vice President for Information. Davis Croft Professor Electrical & Computer Engineering Joe Forrester Research Associate Molecular

  19. Euclid: Strategic alternative assessment matrix

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Madjid Tavana

    2002-01-01

    The vast amount of information that must be considered to solve inherently ill-structured and complex strategic problems creates a need for tools to help decision makers (DMs) recognize the complexity of this process and develop a rational model for strategy evaluation. Over the last several decades, a philosophy and a body of intuitive and analytical methods have been developed to

  20. Strategic Plan: Town Hall Communication

    E-print Network

    Cui, Yan

    Strategic Plan: Process 2013-2014 #12;Town Hall Communication Vehicle Research Core Mission October 2012 Campus Master Plan December 2012 Education Core Mission April 2013 Clinical Core Mission September 2013 2 #12;Track Record Education Mission Clinical Mission Campus Master Plan Research Mission 3 #12

  1. NASA Strategic Roadmap Summary Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, Scott; Bauer, Frank; Stetson, Doug; Robey, Judee; Smith, Eric P.; Capps, Rich; Gould, Dana; Tanner, Mike; Guerra, Lisa; Johnston, Gordon

    2005-01-01

    In response to the Vision, NASA commissioned strategic and capability roadmap teams to develop the pathways for turning the Vision into a reality. The strategic roadmaps were derived from the Vision for Space Exploration and the Aldrich Commission Report dated June 2004. NASA identified 12 strategic areas for roadmapping. The Agency added a thirteenth area on nuclear systems because the topic affects the entire program portfolio. To ensure long-term public visibility and engagement, NASA established a committee for each of the 13 areas. These committees - made up of prominent members of the scientific and aerospace industry communities and senior government personnel - worked under the Federal Advisory Committee Act. A committee was formed for each of the following program areas: 1) Robotic and Human Lunar Exploration; 2) Robotic and Human Exploration of Mars; 3) Solar System Exploration; 4) Search for Earth-Like Planets; 5) Exploration Transportation System; 6) International Space Station; 7) Space Shuttle; 8) Universe Exploration; 9) Earth Science and Applications from Space; 10) Sun-Solar System Connection; 11) Aeronautical Technologies; 12) Education; 13) Nuclear Systems. This document contains roadmap summaries for 10 of these 13 program areas; The International Space Station, Space Shuttle, and Education are excluded. The completed roadmaps for the following committees: Robotic and Human Exploration of Mars; Solar System Exploration; Search for Earth-Like Planets; Universe Exploration; Earth Science and Applications from Space; Sun-Solar System Connection are collected in a separate Strategic Roadmaps volume. This document contains memebership rosters and charters for all 13 committees.

  2. Manufacturing Flexibility: A Strategic Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald Gerwin

    1993-01-01

    To help meet competitive realities operations managers need to know more about the strategic aspects of manufacturing flexibility. This paper takes steps toward meeting that need by critically reviewing the literature and establishing a research agenda for the area. A conceptual model, which places flexibility within a broad context, helps to identify certain assumptions of theoretical studies which need to

  3. Strategic Planning at Brisbane Airport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justin Paul; Eva De Groot

    2010-01-01

    The CEO of Brisbane Airport Corporation (BAC), Koen Rooijmans, and his airport planning executive manager, Mark Willey, were preparing strategic plan for BAC's required development projects to facilitate the forecasted future demand of aircraft traffic movements at Brisbane Airport. This forecast, estimated an 80% increase in the total number of passengers who will use the airport by 2012–13. As a

  4. The renaissance of strategic planning?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M J Breheny

    1991-01-01

    After a decade of increasingly pragmatic and localised planning in the United Kingdom, promoted by the Tory government, strategic planning is back on the professional, political, and, arguably, the popular, agendas. There has been no ideological U-turn, but on a pragmatic basis certain important changes are evident. The government has made enough noises for planning professionals to assume -- if

  5. Library Strategic Plan 2010 2014

    E-print Network

    Library Strategic Plan 2010 ­ 2014 `Imperial College embodies and delivers world class scholarship ­ 2014) We in the Library services will do our utmost to support this mission. We recognise that we are living in difficult times, so we must use the College's substantial investment in its Library services

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Geographic variation in caste ratio of trematode colonies

    E-print Network

    Poulin, Robert

    of colony members, for example, this idea is formulated as the optimal caste ratio theory, which predicts to the division of labour in social insects, castes of morphologically distinct individuals exist within colonies conditions. In the case of colonies from geographically and potentially genetically distinct populations

  7. A Post-Colonial Reading of Affirmative Action in Fiji.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puamau, Priscilla Qolisaya

    2001-01-01

    Presents a post-colonial reading of affirmative action (AA) policies in Fiji, arguing that AA was a deliberate response by various predominantly indigenous Fijian post-colonial governments to counter the effects of a discriminatory colonial history that produced significant educational and employment inequality. Analyzes the mixed outcomes of AA…

  8. Australia and France on Fire: An Anti-Colonial Critique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dei, George Sefa; Kempf, Arlo

    2006-01-01

    Professor George Sefa Dei has written and taught extensively in the fields of anti-colonialism and anti-racism. His latest work on the subject is "Anti-Colonialism and Education: The Politics of Resistance," co-edited with Arlo Kempf for Sense Publishers (2006). Dei and Kempf are also co-authoring a forthcoming volume on anti-colonial theory. Arlo…

  9. Pareto Ant Colony Optimization with ILP preprocessing in multiobjective project

    E-print Network

    Gutjahr, Walter

    Pareto Ant Colony Optimization with ILP preprocessing in multiobjective project portfolio selection the computational effort necessary and the quality of an approximated solution space, Pareto Ant Colony Optimization at a low cost. Key words: Ant Colony Optimization, Project Portfolio Selection, Multiobjective

  10. The Ant Colony Metaphor for Searching Continuous Design Spaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George Bilchev; Ian C. Parmee

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes a form of dynamical computational system—the ant colony—and presents an ant colony model for continuous space optimisation problems. The ant colony metaphor is applied to a real world heavily constrained engineering design problem. It is capable of accelerating the search process and finding acceptable solutions which otherwise could not be discovered by a GA. By integrating the

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLE The evolution of colony-level development

    E-print Network

    Dunn, Casey

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE The evolution of colony-level development in the Siphonophora (Cnidaria. Siphonophores, a group of pelagic hydrozoans (Cnidaria), have the most complex colony-level organization of all specialization Introduction The siphonophores, a group of pelagic colonial hydrozoans (Cnidaria), include

  12. Colonial life versus solitary life in Cyrtophora citricola (Araneae, Araneidae)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Leborgne; T. Cantarella; A. Pasquet

    1998-01-01

    Summary: Among spiders, some species could be qualified as colonial. Individuals may live alone or in colonies where each spider exploits its own capture web in a communal network. We compared solitary with colonial life in Cyrtophora female populations from South-East Sicily in 1992 and 1993. We used 6 parameters to describe and compare the populations: spider size, web size,

  13. Extractive Institutions and Gains From Trade: Evidence from Colonial Africa

    E-print Network

    Faraon, Andrei

    Extractive Institutions and Gains From Trade: Evidence from Colonial Africa Federico Tadei A common to agricultural producers in French Africa, I show that (1) the monopsonistic character of colonial trade implied underlined how colonial rule relegated Africa to exporter of primary commodities (Rodney, 1972), more recent

  14. Deformed wing virus implicated in overwintering honeybee colony losses.

    PubMed

    Highfield, Andrea C; El Nagar, Aliya; Mackinder, Luke C M; Noël, Laure M-L J; Hall, Matthew J; Martin, Stephen J; Schroeder, Declan C

    2009-11-01

    The worldwide decline in honeybee colonies during the past 50 years has often been linked to the spread of the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and its interaction with certain honeybee viruses. Recently in the United States, dramatic honeybee losses (colony collapse disorder) have been reported; however, there remains no clear explanation for these colony losses, with parasitic mites, viruses, bacteria, and fungal diseases all being proposed as possible candidates. Common characteristics that most failing colonies share is a lack of overt disease symptoms and the disappearance of workers from what appears to be normally functioning colonies. In this study, we used quantitative PCR to monitor the presence of three honeybee viruses, deformed wing virus (DWV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), and black queen cell virus (BQCV), during a 1-year period in 15 asymptomatic, varroa mite-positive honeybee colonies in Southern England, and 3 asymptomatic colonies confirmed to be varroa mite free. All colonies with varroa mites underwent control treatments to ensure that mite populations remained low throughout the study. Despite this, multiple virus infections were detected, yet a significant correlation was observed only between DWV viral load and overwintering colony losses. The long-held view has been that DWV is relatively harmless to the overall health status of honeybee colonies unless it is in association with severe varroa mite infestations. Our findings suggest that DWV can potentially act independently of varroa mites to bring about colony losses. Therefore, DWV may be a major factor in overwintering colony losses. PMID:19783750

  15. Original article Selection for high and low, colony weight gain

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    weight loss were not correlated with seasonal colony weight gain and do not appear to be useful aidsOriginal article Selection for high and low, colony weight gain in the honey bee, Apis mellifera; Seasonal colony weight gain (honey production) in the honey bee, Apis mellifera, can be modified

  16. An Improved Ant Colony Algorithm for VRP Problem

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geng-Sheng Wang; Yun-Xin Yu

    2010-01-01

    Vehicle routing problem(VRP) is an NP-hard problem, Ant colony algorithm is an effective tool for solving combinatorial optimization problems like VRP. On the base of understanding VRP problem and Ant Colony Algorithm (ACA), analysis ACA's application in VRP, for its shortcomings, reference MMAS thought, introduce dynamic negative feedback mechanism and appropriate increase the visibility mechanism, to improve the ant colony

  17. Before 1776: The Massachusetts Bay Colony from Founding to Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruenbaum, Thelma

    Designed for use at 4th-through-10th-grade level, this short history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony provides a view of colonial life style and culture prior to the American Revolution. The first sections discuss the Puritan migration and early settlement around Boston. Descriptions of colonial housing, furniture, food, clothing, clothing styles,…

  18. Brazilian Higher Education from a Post-Colonial Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leite, Denise

    2010-01-01

    This article examines Brazilian higher education (HE) politics from a post-colonial perspective. The term "post-colonial" originally referred to a historical period of colonial empires established by European nations. Nowadays, the term commonly distinguishes a field of contemporary studies of "defamiliarisation of the imperial North" made up of…

  19. SFU SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIC PLAN

    E-print Network

    long pursued actions we now identify as contributing to "sustainability." Energy conservation became a priority in the early 1980s, and recycling was begun in the early 1990s in response to lobbying, represented by diverse programs such Resource and Environmental Management (1979), Sustainable Community

  20. [Energy and environmental research emphasizing low-rank coal]: Task 7.1, Strategic planning. Topical report, February 1, 1994--June 30, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table (Table 1) and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and I), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.

  1. A Novel Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xie Hui; Zhang Zhigang; Zhou Xueguang

    2009-01-01

    The applications of wireless sensor networks are seriously constrained by energy supply. So how to prolong the network lifetime is an important and challenging issue, which is the focus of designing the WSNs routing protocol. We propose an approach of the wireless sensor network routing protocol based on ant colony optimization. The ACO approach consider not only the path delay

  2. HOPNET: A hybrid ant colony optimization routing algorithm for mobile ad hoc network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianping Wang; Eseosa Osagie; Parimala Thulasiraman; Ruppa K. Thulasiram

    2009-01-01

    Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a group of mobile nodes which communicates with each other without any supporting infrastructure. Routing in MANET is extremely challenging because of MANETs dynamic features, its limited bandwidth and power energy. Nature-inspired algorithms (swarm intelligence) such as ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithms have shown to be a good technique for developing routing algorithms for

  3. Systems safety analysis manual for Strategic Petroleum Reserve office drilling and completion operations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. J. Nertney; H. B. Butcher

    1979-01-01

    This manual provides guidelines for use of the Department of Energy's Management Oversight and Risk Tree (MORT) system to assess Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) drilling, completion and workover programs.

  4. 77 FR 70483 - Request for Comments (RFC)-Federal Cybersecurity Research and Development Strategic Plan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ...The strategic plan is being executed by all of the agencies conducting and funding Federal cybersecurity research, including DARPA, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Energy, IARPA, National Institute of Standards and Technology,...

  5. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Annual/quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-02-17

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR`s offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR`s crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

  6. Developmental Instability in Incipient Colonies of Social Insects

    PubMed Central

    Chouvenc, Thomas; Basille, Mathieu; Li, Hou-Feng; Su, Nan-Yao

    2014-01-01

    Social insect colonies can provide homeostatic conditions that buffer the incidence of environmental fluctuations on individuals, which have contributed to their ecological success. Coptotermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) is a highly invasive termite genus and several species have important economic impact in many areas of the world. Mature Coptotermes colonies with millions of individuals can provide optimal environmental condition and nurturing capacity for the developing brood. However, it was previously suggested that contrary to mature colonies, incipient colonies may be exposed to critical stress, which may explain for the low success rate of establishment within the first year of the life of a termite colony. We here investigated the stress imposed on individuals of incipient colonies by comparing the developmental instability of individuals between incipient and mature colonies of two Coptotermes species, C. formosanus Shiraki and C. gestroi (Wasmann). We assessed the developmental instability by measuring the asymmetry of morphological traits from the head capsule of the soldier caste. Soldiers from incipient colonies of both species displayed strong asymmetrical traits in comparison to soldiers from mature colonies. We suggest that homeostatic conditions for optimal development are reached as the colony matures, and confirmed that the incipient colony remains a critical bottleneck where individuals are exposed to high developmental stress. PMID:25423502

  7. Scanning electron microscope study of Pseudomonas putida colonies.

    PubMed Central

    Shapiro, J A

    1985-01-01

    Pseudomonas putida colonies were examined by scanning electron microscope. A variety of cell morphologies, multicellular arrangements, and extracellular materials were observed in the fixed material. Different regions of a single colony showed characteristic organizations of these architectural elements. In some cases, the detailed microstructure of the fixed colony surfaces observed by scanning electron microscopy could be correlated with macroscopic patterns visualized by histochemical staining and surface relief photography of live colonies. Extracellular materials were seen to extend onto the agar surface beyond the boundaries of the cell mass, and the final structures of these materials, after fixation and desiccation, were colony specific. The significance of these features of colony microstructure for formulating hypotheses about the control of colony morphogenesis is discussed. Images PMID:4066611

  8. Colony Rheology: Active Arthropods Generate Flows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daniels, Karen; Mann, Michael; Charbonneau, Patrick

    2015-03-01

    Hydrodynamic-like flows are observed in biological systems as varied as bacteria, insects, birds, fish, and mammals. Both the phenomenology (e.g. front instabilities, milling motions) and the interaction types (hydrodynamic, direct contact, psychological, excluded-volume) strongly vary between systems, but a question common to all of them is to understand the role of particle-scale fluctuations in controlling large-scale rheological behaviors. We will address these questions through experiments on a new system, Tyrolichus casei (cheese mites), which live in dense, self-mixing colonies composed of a mixture of living mites and inert flour/detritus. In experiments performed in a Hele-Shaw geometry, we observe that the rheology of a colony is strongly dependent on the relative concentration of active and inactive particles. In addition to spreading flows, we also observe that the system can generate convective circulation and auto-compaction.

  9. Ant Colony Optimization and Data Mining

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ioannis Michelakos; Nikolaos Mallios; Elpiniki Papageorgiou; Michael Vassilakopoulos

    \\u000a The Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) technique was inspired by the ants’ behavior throughout their exploration for food. In nature,\\u000a ants wander randomly, seeking for food. After succeeding, they return to their nest. During their move, they lay down pheromone\\u000a that forms an evaporating chemical path. Other ants that locate this trail, follow it and reinforce it, since they also lay

  10. Motif Finding Using Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salim Bouamama; Abdellah Boukerram; Amer F. Al-Badarneh

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a A challenging problem in molecular biology is the identification of the specific binding sites of transcription factors in\\u000a the promoter regions of genes referred to as motifs. This paper presents an Ant Colony Optimization approach that can be used\\u000a to provide the motif finding problem with promising solutions. The proposed approach incorporates a modified form of the Gibbs\\u000a sampling technique

  11. Ant Colony Learning Algorithm for Optimal Control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jelmer Marinus van Ast; Robert Babuska; Bart De Schutter

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a Ant colony optimization (ACO) is an optimization heuristic for solving combinatorial optimization problems and is inspired\\u000a by the swarming behavior of foraging ants. ACO has been successfully applied in various domains, such as routing and scheduling.\\u000a In particular, the agents, called ants here, are very efficient at sampling the problem space and quickly finding good solutions.\\u000a Motivated by the advantages

  12. Near Parameter Free Ant Colony Optimisation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcus Randall

    2004-01-01

    \\u000a Ant colony optimisation, like all other meta-heuristic search processes, requires a set of parameters in order to solve combinatorial\\u000a problems. These parameters are often tuned by hand by the researcher to a set that seems to work well for the problem under\\u000a study or a standard set from the literature. However, it is possible to integrate a parameter search process

  13. Aging in the colonial chordate, Botryllus schlosseri

    PubMed Central

    Munday, Roma; Rodriguez, Delany; Di Maio, Alessandro; Kassmer, Susannah; Braden, Brian; Taketa, Daryl A.; Langenbacher, Adam; De Tomaso, Anthony

    2015-01-01

    What mechanisms underlie aging? One theory, the wear-and-tear model, attributes aging to progressive deterioration in the molecular and cellular machinery which eventually lead to death through the disruption of physiological homeostasis. The second suggests that life span is genetically programmed, and aging may be derived from intrinsic processes which enforce a non-random, terminal time interval for the survivability of the organism. We are studying an organism that demonstrates both properties: the colonial ascidian, Botryllus schlosseri. Botryllus is a member of the Tunicata, the sister group to the vertebrates, and has a number of life history traits which make it an excellent model for studies on aging. First, Botryllus has a colonial life history, and grows by a process of asexual reproduction during which entire bodies, including all somatic and germline lineages, regenerate every week, resulting in a colony of genetically identical individuals. Second, previous studies of lifespan in genetically distinct Botryllus lineages suggest that a direct, heritable basis underlying mortality exists that is unlinked to reproductive effort and other life history traits. Here we will review recent efforts to take advantage of the unique life history traits of B. schlosseri and develop it into a robust model for aging research.

  14. Strategic Tool Use: Domino Math

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    WGHB Boston

    2013-01-01

    This professional development video clip of students engaged in Common Core Practice Standard #5- Use appropriate tools strategically, shows a classroom of kindergarten students exploring properties of addition utilizing dominoes. Through this clip, Mrs. Wright demonstrates how to use dominoes to show addition sentences and begins to lay the framework for the zero property and commutative property. Additional resources include a video transcript and teaching tips.

  15. Managing the strategic capital cycle.

    PubMed

    Kaufman, K

    1997-12-01

    A healthcare organization's financial strategy should be defined within the context of the capital cycle and provide for the management of three critical components that will ensure the expansion and renewal of capital capacity--the design and implementation of the financial plan, the design and implementation of an appropriate capital structure, and a means to strategically utilize capital and reinvest it in the organization. The capital cycle comprises two parts--strategic planning and implementation, and the development of the support infrastructure that includes financial planning, capital structure, and capital allocation. The financial plan positions an organization within an area of financial equilibrium and defines its organizational capabilities. The financial infrastructure gives integrity and momentum to the capital cycle. Capital structure addresses critical funding and financing questions and is best defined as the combination of debt and equity that funds the strategic plan. In regard to capital allocation, healthcare organizations should follow a corporate "best practices" approach for such areas as financial objectives and policies, project review, and the capital expenditures approval process. PMID:10174785

  16. 10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

  17. 10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

  18. 10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

  19. 10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

  20. 10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false ...capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit. 73.25 Section 73.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

  1. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor induces neutrophils to secrete macrophage colony-stimulating factor.

    PubMed

    Santiago, E; Mora, L; Bautista, M; Montesinos, J J; Martinez, I; Ramos, G; Zambrano, I R; Manrique, B; Weiss-Steider, B

    2001-09-21

    In this work we provide evidence showing that granulocytes produce macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) from the band cell stage and secrete this factor when induced to differentiate into polymorphonuclear cells by recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF). Using an enriched population of myeloid band cells from murine bone marrow, we identified the presence of M-CSF with a chromophore-labelled monoclonal anti-M-CSF antibody. Using ELISA we detected the secretion of M-CSF in the supernatants of cultures of enriched band cells when induced with rhG-CSF to differentiate into mature neutrophils. We also found that M-CSF is the only factor responsible for the colony forming activity in the supernatants and lysates of band cells treated with rhG-CSF. PMID:11594796

  2. Strategic plan 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1995-03-01

    Sandia National Laboratories faces institutional challenges that are unique in its history. Never before have the national laboratories been viewed so critically, and never before has their role been the subject of such study and debate. At the same time, the opporunities to render `exceptional service in the national interest` have never been greater. The business of Sandia today and into the foreseeable future will rely on a strong, integrated technical foundation, represented most fundamentally by its core competencies. While is is impossible to foresee precisely what missions Sandia will pursue many years from now, one thing is clear: Central to its service to the nation will be the application of science-based engineering skills to the stewardship of the nuclear weapons stockpile. Whether on not the nation ever builds a new nuclear weapon, those that remain in stockpile will require continuous stewardship based on the integration of scientific understanding with experienced systems engineering. Sandia`s steadfast commitment to DOE`s stockpile stewardship mission will also be evident in the production of limited numbers of certain vital weapon components as the weapons production complex is realigned. Complementing this enduring responsibility will be expanded missions in energy, environment, and economic competitiveness. The work for other federal agencies will be jointly sponsored under high-level agreements with DOE. Multi-institutional teams will become a common way of doing business. The multiprogram laboratory model will evolve toward a new model of multi-laboratory programs addressing major national needs. Sandia will be a distinct and important component of an integrated system of national laboratories.

  3. Space Weapons: effect on strategic stability

    SciTech Connect

    Velikhov, Y.P.

    1984-05-01

    Two distinct directions in space militarizaiton, the creation of anti-satellite weapons (ASAT) and the development of space-based anti-missile systems (SBAMS), are closely meshed with the problems of strategic balance and stability, as well as with prospects for substantial nuclear arms reductions. The creation of a constant threat to satellites will impair the prospects of reaching agreements on a freeze of nuclear weapons, deep reductions, and confidence in their verification. The anti-missile program would be expensive and unreliable. There are sound reasons to believe that cheaper and more effective countermeasures are available. A cooperative space program with the Soviet Union could contribute to and expedite the solution of increasingly acute global problems such as economic development, energy, resources, and ecology, and could be a basis for successful space exploration and settlement. 2 figures.

  4. Characterization of developmental colony formation in Corynebacterium glutamicum.

    PubMed

    Takano, Hideaki; Shimizu, Akiko; Shibosawa, Rina; Sasaki, Rie; Iwagaki, Shino; Minagawa, Osamu; Yamanaka, Kazuki; Miwa, Kiyoshi; Beppu, Teruhiko; Ueda, Kenji

    2008-11-01

    We report that Corynebacterium glutamicum colonies exhibit a developmental transition in culture. When cultured on a routinely used complete medium (CM2B), this bacterium first formed a flat translucent colony. Subsequently, some parts of this colony expanded to form small spherical yellow colonies that finally developed into a single large yellow colony. The small flat colony consisted of long thick cells, which were occasionally V or Y shaped, while the large yellow colony consisted of short small rods. A similar colony development pattern was observed in Corynebacterium ammoniagenes and Corynebacterium callunae. Analysis following shotgun cloning revealed that the introduction of a multi-copy-number plasmid carrying amtR, a global transcriptional regulator for nitrogen metabolism, into C. glutamicum cells induced precocious colony development. An amtR-null C. glutamicum mutant exhibited delayed development. Detailed observations of C. glutamicum cells cultured on CM2B medium containing buffers at various pH values revealed that the colony growth was rapid at a pH value of 6.4 or higher and slow but distinct at a pH of less than 6.4. This pH threshold increased to 6.8 following the addition of 0.1% glucose into the medium. PMID:18696061

  5. Status of strategic petroleum reserve activities

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-06-19

    This is the sixth in a series of status reports requested by members of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the House Committee on Energy and Commerce on the administration's activities to implement title VIII of the Energy Security Act. (See enc. II for the July 23, 1980, letter requesting these reviews.) Title VIII requires the President to resume filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) at an average rate of at least 100,000 barrels per day for fiscal year 1981 and succeeding years. Our most recent report on the status of SPR fill activities (EMD-81-85, May 4, 1981) noted that, since passage of the Energy Security Act, the Government had issued contracts for about 75 million barrels of oil to be delivered to the SPR during fiscal year 1981. This is equivalent to an average fill rate of about 205,000 barrels per day for the entire fiscal year. However, on April 24, 1981, the Department of Energy (DOE) postponed purchases of additional oil for the SPR for about 30 days because it hoped to take advantage of expected decreases in crude oil prices during the period.

  6. Colonie Interim Storage Site annual environmental report for calendar year 1991, Colonie, New York

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-09-01

    This document describes the environmental monitoring program at the Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS) and surrounding area, implementation of the program, and monitoring results for 1991. Environmental monitoring at CISS began in 1984 when Congress added the site to the US Department of Energy's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. CISS property and surrounding areas were radioactively contaminated by operations conducted by National Lead Industries, which manufactured various components from uranium and thorium from 1958 to 1984. The environmental monitoring program at CISS includes sampling networks for external gamma radiation exposure and for radium-226, thorium-232, and total uranium concentrations in surface water, sediment, and groundwater. Additionally, several nonradiological parameters are measured in groundwater. In 1992 the program will also include sampling networks for radioactive and chemical contaminants in stormwater to meet permit application requirements under the Clean Water Act. Monitoring results are compared with applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards, DOE derived concentration guides (DCGs), dose limits, and other requirements in DOE.orders. Environmental standards are established to protect public health and the environment. Results of environmental monitoring during 1991 indicate that average concentrations of radioactive contaminants of concern were well below applicable standards and DCGS. Concentrations of some chemical contaminants in groundwater were above-the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (Class GA) and EPA guidelines for drinking water. The potential annual radiation exposure (excluding background) calculated for a hypothetical maximally exposed individual is 0.23 mrem (milliroentgen equivalent man), which is less than an individual would receive while traveling in an airplane at 12,000 meters (39,000 feet) for one hour.

  7. Office for External & Strategic Affairs Administrative Assistant Strategic Planning (Grade IV)

    E-print Network

    Humphrys, Mark

    and technology. Closing Date: 7th September 2011 Salary: 37,361 - 50,750 (This salary scale maybe affected Office for External & Strategic Affairs Administrative Assistant ­ Strategic Planning (Grade IV

  8. First recorded loss of an emperor penguin colony in the recent period of Antarctic regional warming: implications for other colonies.

    PubMed

    Trathan, Philip N; Fretwell, Peter T; Stonehouse, Bernard

    2011-01-01

    In 1948, a small colony of emperor penguins Aptenodytes forsteri was discovered breeding on Emperor Island (67° 51' 52? S, 68° 42' 20? W), in the Dion Islands, close to the West Antarctic Peninsula (Stonehouse 1952). When discovered, the colony comprised approximately 150 breeding pairs; these numbers were maintained until 1970, after which time the colony showed a continuous decline. By 1999 there were fewer than 20 pairs, and in 2009 high-resolution aerial photography revealed no remaining trace of the colony. Here we relate the decline and loss of the Emperor Island colony to a well-documented rise in local mean annual air temperature and coincident decline in seasonal sea ice duration. The loss of this colony provides empirical support for recent studies (Barbraud & Weimerskirch 2001; Jenouvrier et al 2005, 2009; Ainley et al 2010; Barber-Meyer et al 2005) that have highlighted the vulnerability of emperor penguins to changes in sea ice duration and distribution. These studies suggest that continued climate change is likely to impact upon future breeding success and colony viability for this species. Furthermore, a recent circumpolar study by Fretwell & Trathan (2009) highlighted those Antarctic coastal regions where colonies appear most vulnerable to such changes. Here we examine which other colonies might be at risk, discussing various ecological factors, some previously unexplored, that may also contribute to future declines. The implications of this are important for future modelling work and for understanding which colonies actually are most vulnerable. PMID:21386883

  9. First Recorded Loss of an Emperor Penguin Colony in the Recent Period of Antarctic Regional Warming: Implications for Other Colonies

    PubMed Central

    Trathan, Philip N.; Fretwell, Peter T.; Stonehouse, Bernard

    2011-01-01

    In 1948, a small colony of emperor penguins Aptenodytes forsteri was discovered breeding on Emperor Island (67° 51? 52? S, 68° 42? 20? W), in the Dion Islands, close to the West Antarctic Peninsula (Stonehouse 1952). When discovered, the colony comprised approximately 150 breeding pairs; these numbers were maintained until 1970, after which time the colony showed a continuous decline. By 1999 there were fewer than 20 pairs, and in 2009 high-resolution aerial photography revealed no remaining trace of the colony. Here we relate the decline and loss of the Emperor Island colony to a well-documented rise in local mean annual air temperature and coincident decline in seasonal sea ice duration. The loss of this colony provides empirical support for recent studies (Barbraud & Weimerskirch 2001; Jenouvrier et al 2005, 2009; Ainley et al 2010; Barber-Meyer et al 2005) that have highlighted the vulnerability of emperor penguins to changes in sea ice duration and distribution. These studies suggest that continued climate change is likely to impact upon future breeding success and colony viability for this species. Furthermore, a recent circumpolar study by Fretwell & Trathan (2009) highlighted those Antarctic coastal regions where colonies appear most vulnerable to such changes. Here we examine which other colonies might be at risk, discussing various ecological factors, some previously unexplored, that may also contribute to future declines. The implications of this are important for future modelling work and for understanding which colonies actually are most vulnerable. PMID:21386883

  10. Strategic management for visitor-oriented museums

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eva M. Reussner

    2003-01-01

    Abstract: Strategic management is a familiar concept in for-profit organisations but is relatively new to museums. This paper presents and discusses a model of strategic management for visitor-oriented museums that aims to be more comprehensive than current approaches. It shows how museums can overcome the tension between the strategic demand to develop visitor-oriented museum services and the duties and social

  11. 10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. (a) A...

  12. 10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. (a) A...

  13. 10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. (a) A...

  14. 10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. (a) A...

  15. 10 CFR 70.20b - General license for carriers of transient shipments of formula quantities of strategic special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. 70.20b Section 70.20b Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...significance, special nuclear material of low strategic...significance, and irradiated reactor fuel. (a) A...

  16. Coal Power Systems strategic multi-year program plans

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2001-02-01

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE), through the Coal and Power Systems (C and PS) program, funds research to advance the scientific knowledge needed to provide new and improved energy technologies; to eliminate any detrimental environmental effects of energy production and use; and to maintain US leadership in promoting the effective use of US power technologies on an international scale. Further, the C and PS program facilitates the effective deployment of these technologies to maximize their benefits to the Nation. The following Strategic Plan describes how the C and PS program intends to meet the challenges of the National Energy Strategy to: (1) enhance American's energy security; (2) improve the environmental acceptability of energy production and use; (3) increase the competitiveness and reliability of US energy systems; and (4) ensure a robust US energy future. It is a plan based on the consensus of experts and managers from FE's program offices and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL).

  17. Large Scale Bacterial Colony Screening of Diversified FRET Biosensors

    PubMed Central

    Litzlbauer, Julia; Schifferer, Martina; Ng, David; Fabritius, Arne; Thestrup, Thomas; Griesbeck, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    Biosensors based on Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) between fluorescent protein mutants have started to revolutionize physiology and biochemistry. However, many types of FRET biosensors show relatively small FRET changes, making measurements with these probes challenging when used under sub-optimal experimental conditions. Thus, a major effort in the field currently lies in designing new optimization strategies for these types of sensors. Here we describe procedures for optimizing FRET changes by large scale screening of mutant biosensor libraries in bacterial colonies. We describe optimization of biosensor expression, permeabilization of bacteria, software tools for analysis, and screening conditions. The procedures reported here may help in improving FRET changes in multiple suitable classes of biosensors. PMID:26061878

  18. Strategic defense initiative: Folly or future

    SciTech Connect

    Haley, P.E.; Merritt, J.

    1986-01-01

    This collection of analyses is a guide through the maze of claims and criticisms about ''Star Wars,'' the controversial effort of the Reagan administration to reorient United States nuclear strategy to strategic defense. The text starts with an introduction by the editors followed by individual chapters outlining the strategic defense initiative as originally conceived and subsequently modified by the Reagan administration; the arguments for and against the plan's strategic and technical feasibility; and assessments of the harmful and constructive effects of strategic defense on U.S.-Soviet and U.S.-allied relations.

  19. Subtask 7.1 - Strategic Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas Erickson

    2009-03-30

    The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) has recently completed 11 years of research through the Cooperative Agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) focused on fossil energy technology development and demonstration. To support a significant number of the different activities being considered within all of our research contracts with NETL, a subtask (7.1 Strategic Studies) was created to focus on small research efforts that came up throughout the year which would support an existing EERC-NETL project or would help to develop a new concept for inclusion in future efforts. Typical efforts conducted under this task were usually between $15,000 and $60,000 in scope and had time lines of less than 6 months. A limited number of larger studies were also conducted, generally at the direct request of NETL. Over the life of this task, 46 projects were conducted. These efforts ranged from quick experiments to gain fundamental knowledge to support a current effort, to literature reviews, to a few larger engineering efforts.

  20. The spectral quality of light is a key driver of photosynthesis and photoadaptation in Stylophora pistillata colonies from different depths in the Red Sea.

    PubMed

    Mass, T; Kline, D I; Roopin, M; Veal, C J; Cohen, S; Iluz, D; Levy, O

    2010-12-01

    Depth zonation on coral reefs is largely driven by the amount of downwelling, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) that is absorbed by the symbiotic algae (zooxanthellae) of corals. The minimum light requirements of zooxanthellae are related to both the total intensity of downwelling PAR and the spectral quality of the light. Here we used Stylophora pistillata colonies collected from shallow (3 m) and deep (40 m) water; colonies were placed in a respirometer under both ambient PAR irradiance and a filter that only transmits blue light. We found that the colonies exhibited a clear difference in their photosynthetic rates when illuminated under PAR and filtered blue light, with higher photosynthetic performance when deep colonies were exposed to blue light compared with full-spectrum PAR for the same light intensity and duration. By contrast, colonies from shallow water showed the opposite trend, with higher photosynthetic performances under full-spectrum PAR than under filtered blue light. These findings are supported by the absorption spectra of corals, with deeper colonies absorbing higher energy wavelengths than the shallow colonies, with different spectral signatures. Our results indicate that S. pistillata colonies are chromatically adapted to their surrounding light environment, with photoacclimation probably occurring via an increase in photosynthetic pigments rather than algal density. The spectral properties of the downwelling light are clearly a crucial component of photoacclimation that should be considered in future transplantation and photoacclimation studies. PMID:21075950

  1. Josephine Baker: psychoanalysis and the colonial fetish.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Anne Anlin

    2006-01-01

    This paper traces an intricate path connecting racial fantasy, aesthetic judgment, and the larger cultural problem of inter-subjective recognition. In particular, the author examines the theme of fetishism, both sexual and racial, in a Western historical, colonial context, in order to unravel a set of disturbances that cohere around the racial fetish then and now. Taking the figure of an entertainment icon of the 1920s, Josephine Baker, as a case study, the author shows how the imagination of the colonizing white male was both articulated and disrupted by Baker as a ready-made representation of the cultural, racial, and sexual other. PMID:16482962

  2. Intercellular Genomics of Subsurface Microbial Colonies

    SciTech Connect

    Ortoleva, Peter; Tuncay, Kagan; Gannon, Dennis; Meile, Christof

    2007-02-14

    This report summarizes progress in the second year of this project. The objective is to develop methods and software to predict the spatial configuration, properties and temporal evolution of microbial colonies in the subsurface. To accomplish this, we integrate models of intracellular processes, cell-host medium exchange and reaction-transport dynamics on the colony scale. At the conclusion of the project, we aim to have the foundations of a predictive mathematical model and software that captures the three scales of these systems – the intracellular, pore, and colony wide spatial scales. In the second year of the project, we refined our transcriptional regulatory network discovery (TRND) approach that utilizes gene expression data along with phylogenic similarity and gene ontology analyses and applied it successfully to E.coli, human B cells, and Geobacter sulfurreducens. We have developed a new Web interface, GeoGen, which is tailored to the reconstruction of microbial TRNs and solely focuses on Geobacter as one of DOE’s high priority microbes. Our developments are designed such that the frameworks for the TRND and GeoGen can readily be used for other microbes of interest to the DOE. In the context of modeling a single bacterium, we are actively pursuing both steady-state and kinetic approaches. The steady-state approach is based on a flux balance that uses maximizing biomass growth rate as its objective, subjected to various biochemical constraints, for the optimal values of reaction rates and uptake/release of metabolites. For the kinetic approach, we use Karyote, a rigorous cell model developed by us for an earlier DOE grant and the DARPA BioSPICE Project. We are also investigating the interplay between bacterial colonies and environment at both pore and macroscopic scales. The pore scale models use detailed representations for realistic porous media accounting for the distribution of grain size whereas the macroscopic models employ the Darcy-type flow equations and up-scaled advective-diffusive transport equations for chemical species. We are rigorously testing the relationship between these two scales by evaluating macroscopic parameters using the volume averaging methodology applied to pore scale model results.

  3. Combined Final Report for Colony II Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kale, Laxmikant [University of Illinois] [University of Illinois; Jones, Terry [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Moreira, Jose [IBM Corp.] [IBM Corp.

    2013-10-23

    (This report was originally submmited by the lead PI (Terry Jones, ORNL) on October 22, 2013 to the program manager, Lucy Nowell. It is being submitted from University of Illinois in accordance with instructions). HPC Colony II seeks to provide portable performance for leadership class machines. Our strategy is based on adaptive system software that aims to make the intelligent decisions necessary to allow domain scientists to safely focus on their task at hand and allow the system software stack to adapt their application to the underlying architecture. This report describes the research undertaken towards these objectives and the results obtained over the performance period of the project.

  4. Impact of Flooding on Illinois River Wading Bird Colonies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard G. Bjorklund; Daniel J. Holm

    Effects of severe and protracted flooding on two mixed-species colonies of wading birds were assessed in central Illinois. Both colony sites have been monitored since 1962. Historically, Great Blue Herons, Ardea herodias, Great Egrets, Casmerodius albus (threatened in Illinois), and Black-crowned Night-Herons, Nycticorax nycticorax (endangered in Illinois), nested in each colony. Annual ground censuses revealed declines in breeding populations following

  5. Autonomous Bee Colony Optimization for multi-objective function

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fanchao Zeng; James Decraene; Malcolm Yoke-Hean Low; Philip Hingston; Wentong Cai; Suiping Zhou; Mahinthan Chandramohan

    2010-01-01

    An Autonomous Bee Colony Optimization (A-BCO) algorithm for solving multi-objective numerical problems is proposed. In contrast with previous Bee Colony algorithms, A-BCO utilizes a diversity-based performance metric to dynamically assess the archive set. This assessment is employed to adapt the bee colony structures and flying patterns. This self-adaptation feature is introduced to optimize the balance between exploration and exploitation during

  6. Effective paternity in natural colonies of Japanese native bumble bees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nozomu Kokuvo; Yukihiko Toquenaga; Koichi Goka

    2009-01-01

    Kin selection theory predicts a high coefficient of genetic relatedness among nestmates, explaining the frequent evolution\\u000a of eusociality in a social hymenopteran colony. The bumble bee is a primitively eusocial hymenoptera whose colonies are founded\\u000a by a single queen. In such a monogynous colony, mating frequency of the queen is the sole factor that affects genetic relatedness\\u000a among nestmates. Although

  7. SCHOOL OF MEDICINE -STRATEGIC PLAN 2009-2014 Approved 22.07.10 STRATEGIC PLAN

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    Medicine, Nature Immunology, Nature Nanotechnology and Science over the last few years. ResearchSCHOOL OF MEDICINE - STRATEGIC PLAN 2009-2014 Approved 22.07.10 Page 1/61 STRATEGIC PLAN SCHOOL OF MEDICINE 2009-2014 #12;SCHOOL OF MEDICINE - STRATEGIC PLAN 2009-2014 Approved 22.07.10 Page 2/61 CONTENTS

  8. Strategic workshops on cancer nanotechnology.

    PubMed

    Nagahara, Larry A; Lee, Jerry S H; Molnar, Linda K; Panaro, Nicholas J; Farrell, Dorothy; Ptak, Krzysztof; Alper, Joseph; Grodzinski, Piotr

    2010-06-01

    Nanotechnology offers the potential for new approaches to detecting, treating, and preventing cancer. To determine the current status of the cancer nanotechnology field and the optimal path forward, the National Cancer Institute's Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer held three strategic workshops, covering the areas of in vitro diagnostics and prevention, therapy and post-treatment, and in vivo diagnosis and imaging. At each of these meetings, a wide range of experts from academia, industry, the nonprofit sector, and the U.S. government discussed opportunities in the field of cancer nanotechnology and barriers to its implementation. PMID:20460532

  9. The Contemporary Reality of Canadian Imperialism: Settler Colonialism and the Hybrid Colonial State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Adam J.

    2009-01-01

    The author's fundamental contention is this: Canadian society remains driven by the logic of imperialism and engages in concerted colonial action against Indigenous peoples whose claims to land and self-determination continue to undermine the legitimacy of Canadian authority and hegemony. The imperial ambitions of the Canadian state and its…

  10. Disrupting the Coloniality of Being: Toward De-Colonial Ontologies in Philosophy of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Troy A.

    2012-01-01

    This essay works to bridge conversations in philosophy of education with decolonial theory. The author considers Margonis' (1999, 2011a, b) use of Rousseau (1979) and Heidegger (1962) in developing an ontological attitude that counters social hierarchies and promotes anti-colonial relations. While affirming this effort, the essay outlines a…

  11. Pre-Colonial Systems of Writing and Post-Colonial Languages of Publication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riney, Timothy J.

    1998-01-01

    Previous accounts of "europhone" status (anglophone, francophone, etc.) have inadequately addressed spoken-written differences as well as different post-colonial developments taken by Southeast Asia, South Asia, North Africa, and East Africa vis-a-vis those of West, Central, and Southern Africa. This article investigates the extent to which the…

  12. The regulation of British colonial lunatic asylums and the origins of colonial psychiatry, 1860-1864.

    PubMed

    Swartz, Sally

    2010-05-01

    In this paper I outline a brief period in the history of the British Empire, during which colonial lunatic asylum policy began to be formulated. I begin with a scandal that erupted in Jamaica and suggest that this set in motion processes that led to critical changes in asylum administration. The first of these processes was an audit of hospitals and asylums in the colonies. The results of the audit and the policy that emerged from it marked the beginning of systematic regulation of lunatic asylum practice across the British Empire. It revealed a formulation of policy that was intended to cut across the self-governing regimes that had up to this point been allowed to evolve. Drawing on the work of Michel Foucault and Nikolas Rose, I argue that the policy and the practices associated with it contribute to an understanding of the emergence of the psy-sciences in colonial settings. They illustrate the establishment of a panoptic gaze on previously neglected insane spaces. Systematic surveillance constituted government at a distance and made colonial lunacy administration a governable discursive space. The regulation of the medical officers, lunatic attendants, and hospital boards began the process of creating a professional psychiatric workforce. I conclude with a discussion of the implications and the mixed impact of this policy change for the mentally ill across the empire, over the ensuing decades. PMID:20533769

  13. Genetic Diversity in Laboratory Colonies of Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) including a Nondiapause Colony

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Laboratory-reared western corn rootworms, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, from colonies maintained at the North Central Agricultural Research Laboratory (NCARL) in Brookings, SD, are used extensively by many researchers in studies of the biology, ecology, behavior, and genetics of this major insect ...

  14. Laser-induced speckle scatter patterns in Bacillus colonies

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Huisung; Singh, Atul K.; Bhunia, Arun K.; Bae, Euiwon

    2014-01-01

    Label-free bacterial colony phenotyping technology called BARDOT (Bacterial Rapid Detection using Optical scattering Technology) provided successful classification of several different bacteria at the genus, species, and serovar level. Recent experiments with colonies of Bacillus species provided strikingly different characteristics of elastic light scatter (ELS) patterns, which were comprised of random speckles compared to other bacteria, which are dominated by concentric rings and spokes. Since this laser-based optical sensor interrogates the whole volume of the colony, 3-D information of micro- and macro-structures are all encoded in the far-field scatter patterns. Here, we present a theoretical model explaining the underlying mechanism of the speckle formation by the colonies from Bacillus species. Except for Bacillus polymyxa, all Bacillus spp. produced random bright spots on the imaging plane, which presumably dependent on the cellular and molecular organization and content within the colony. Our scatter model-based analysis revealed that colony spread resulting in variable surface roughness can modify the wavefront of the scatter field. As the center diameter of the Bacillus spp. colony grew from 500 to 900 ?m, average speckles area decreased two-fold and the number of small speckles increased seven-fold. In conclusion, as Bacillus colony grows, the average speckle size in the scatter pattern decreases and the number of smaller speckle increases due to the swarming growth characteristics of bacteria within the colony. PMID:25352840

  15. 21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated...

  16. 21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated...

  17. Colony site dynamics and habitat use in Atlantic coast seabirds

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Erwin, R.M.; Galli, J.; Burger, J.

    1981-01-01

    Seabird colony sizes and movements were documented in the DelMarVa coastal region in 1976-1977 and in New Jersey in 1978-1979. Most colonies were found on marsh and dredge deposition islands and on barrier island beaches. For the 'traditionally' beach-nesting Herring Gull, Common Tern, and Black Skimmer, larger, more stable colonies were found on barrier beaches than on marsh islands. In marsh habitats, rates of colony-site change of marshnesting Forster's Tern and Laughing Gulls were similar to those of the former beach nesters. Several adaptations have evolved in marsh specialists to cope with a high risk of reproductive failure due to flooding, but both Herring Gulls and Common Terns also appear to be very adaptable in nesting under various habitat conditions. New colonies and those abandoned between years may be pioneering attempts by younger or inexperienced birds, because they are often smaller than persistent colonies, although patterns differ among areas and habitats. Colony-site dynamics are complex and result from many selective factors including competition, predation, physical changes in site structure, and flooding. The invasion of Herring Gulls into marshes along the mid-Atlantic coast has had an impact on new colony-site choice by associated seabirds. Calculating colony-site turnover rates allows for comparisons among species, habitats, and regions and may give useful insights into habitat quality and change and alternative nesting strategies

  18. Laser-induced speckle scatter patterns in Bacillus colonies.

    PubMed

    Kim, Huisung; Singh, Atul K; Bhunia, Arun K; Bae, Euiwon

    2014-01-01

    Label-free bacterial colony phenotyping technology called BARDOT (Bacterial Rapid Detection using Optical scattering Technology) provided successful classification of several different bacteria at the genus, species, and serovar level. Recent experiments with colonies of Bacillus species provided strikingly different characteristics of elastic light scatter (ELS) patterns, which were comprised of random speckles compared to other bacteria, which are dominated by concentric rings and spokes. Since this laser-based optical sensor interrogates the whole volume of the colony, 3-D information of micro- and macro-structures are all encoded in the far-field scatter patterns. Here, we present a theoretical model explaining the underlying mechanism of the speckle formation by the colonies from Bacillus species. Except for Bacillus polymyxa, all Bacillus spp. produced random bright spots on the imaging plane, which presumably dependent on the cellular and molecular organization and content within the colony. Our scatter model-based analysis revealed that colony spread resulting in variable surface roughness can modify the wavefront of the scatter field. As the center diameter of the Bacillus spp. colony grew from 500 to 900 ?m, average speckles area decreased two-fold and the number of small speckles increased seven-fold. In conclusion, as Bacillus colony grows, the average speckle size in the scatter pattern decreases and the number of smaller speckle increases due to the swarming growth characteristics of bacteria within the colony. PMID:25352840

  19. 21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated...

  20. 21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated...

  1. FACTORS INFLUENCING HEMATOPOIETIC SPLEEN COLONY FORMATION IN IRRADIATED MICE

    PubMed Central

    Marsh, John C.; Boggs, Dane R.; Bishop, Carter R.; Chervenick, Paul A.; Cartwright, George E.; Wintrobe, Maxwell M.

    1967-01-01

    Data pertaining to the endogenous mouse spleen colony system, 10 days postirradiation, are presented. The Do for visible colonies is 78 R, while that for 6 hr iron uptake over a range of 600–800 R is 50 R. The Do for spleen weight is 196 R and that for IUdR uptake is 193 R. These measurements increase with the age of the mouse. Hypertransfusion decreases spleen iron uptake and colony number. DF-32P and sodium sulfate-35S are not useful indicators of splenic hematopoiesis in this system. Visible hematopoietic colonies in the spleen are not produced by vinblastine, nitrogen mustard, methotrexate, or cyclophosphamide. PMID:6062002

  2. Modeling cell-matrix traction forces in Keratinocyte colonies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banerjee, Shiladitya

    2013-03-01

    Crosstalk between cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions plays an essential role in the mechanical function of tissues. The traction forces exerted by cohesive keratinocyte colonies with strong cell-cell adhesions are mostly concentrated at the colony periphery. In contrast, for weak cadherin-based intercellular adhesions, individual cells in a colony interact with their matrix independently, with a disorganized distribution of traction forces extending throughout the colony. In this talk I will present a minimal physical model of the colony as contractile elastic media linked by springs and coupled to an elastic substrate. The model captures the spatial distribution of traction forces seen in experiments. For cell colonies with strong cell-cell adhesions, the total traction force of the colony measured in experiments is found to scale with the colony's geometrical size. This scaling suggests the emergence of an effective surface tension of magnitude comparable to that measured for non-adherent, three-dimensional cell aggregates. The physical model supports the scaling and indicates that the surface tension may be controlled by acto-myosin contractility. Crosstalk between cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions plays an essential role in the mechanical function of tissues. The traction forces exerted by cohesive keratinocyte colonies with strong cell-cell adhesions are mostly concentrated at the colony periphery. In contrast, for weak cadherin-based intercellular adhesions, individual cells in a colony interact with their matrix independently, with a disorganized distribution of traction forces extending throughout the colony. In this talk I will present a minimal physical model of the colony as contractile elastic media linked by springs and coupled to an elastic substrate. The model captures the spatial distribution of traction forces seen in experiments. For cell colonies with strong cell-cell adhesions, the total traction force of the colony measured in experiments is found to scale with the colony's geometrical size. This scaling suggests the emergence of an effective surface tension of magnitude comparable to that measured for non-adherent, three-dimensional cell aggregates. The physical model supports the scaling and indicates that the surface tension may be controlled by acto-myosin contractility. Supported by the NSF through grant DMR-1004789. This work was done in collaboration with Aaron F. Mertz, Eric R. Dufresne and Valerie Horsley (Yale University) and M. Cristina Marchetti (Syracuse University).

  3. 21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated...

  4. National Center for Combating Terrorism Strategic Plan, September 2003

    SciTech Connect

    Bechtel Nevada

    2003-09-01

    National Center for Combating Terrorism Strategic Plan is to document the mission, vision, and goals for success; define the build plan; and describe initiatives that support the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Justice, intelligence community, National Governors Association, and other organizations or departments with combating terrorism training, testing, and technology responsibilities.

  5. Industrial-Utility Cooperation: Moving Into Strategic Alliance

    E-print Network

    Gilbert, J. S.

    Industrial - Utility Cooperation: Moving Into Strategic Alliance Joel S. Gilbert, P.E. Director - Energy Group Dames & Nfoore Atlanta, Georgia ABSTRACT It is no longer uncommon to hear of utilities working mor~ clos...Jl, Ii we're going to be market driven and customer oriented, we really need a key account program!" Some also involve their executives as well, often calling it an executive-to-executive program. We th~ug~t you might. appreciate our sharing the g...

  6. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, [January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-05-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq`s invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department`s crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

  7. Pioneer medical missions in colonial Africa.

    PubMed

    Good, C M

    1991-01-01

    Protestant and Roman Catholic missions pioneered Western medicine and public health in much of Africa decades in advance of health services provided by colonial governments. A century later church-based hospitals and health care programs continue to account for 25% to 50% of available services in most African countries. In view of the important historical and continuing role of medical missions it is remarkable that there have been no systematic scholarly studies of the impacts of these pioneer institutions on the geography of health and social change in colonial Africa. How, for example, was the health of African populations and the areas they inhabited changed by the activities of medical missions? And how did Africans respond to Western medicine and its alien institutional social and technological structures and relations? This paper develops the historical context and conceptual framework for investigating such topics. It presents a detailed research agenda organized around nine themes, each of which suggests a series of interrelated questions. The methodology employs the techniques of medical and historical geography, and is based on comparative, longitudinal case-studies of medical missions at the local level coupled with archival study. PMID:2008614

  8. A catalog of Louisiana's nesting seabird colonies

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fontenot, William R.; Cardiff, Steve W.; DeMay, Richard A.; Dittmann, Donna L.; Hartley, Stephen B.; Jeske, Clinton W.; Lorenz, Nicole; Michot, Thomas C.; Purrington, Robert Dan; Seymour, Michael; Vermillion, William G.

    2012-01-01

    collective habitats which comprise Louisiana's now fragile coastal zone have taken major hits from commercial/residential, oil & gas, and other industrial development, primarily in the form of coastal erosion exacerbated by these and other factors (Portnoy 1978, Spendelow and Patton 1988, Martin and Lester 1990, Green, et al. 2006). Moreover, during this same period, both geologic subsidence rates (Tornqvist et al. 2008) and mean sea-level (Tornqvist et al. 2002) have increased, along with significant tropical storm activity; all of which have combined to impact available marsh, barrier island, beach, and dredge spoil nesting habitat for waterbirds, especially seabirds, throughout the coastal zone of Louisiana. The primary objective of this publication is to detail those coastal Louisiana colonial seabird nesting sites for which we have reasonably accurate data, in a tabular, site-by-site format. All major survey (1976-2008) data of site-by-site seabird species counts, as well as several smaller data sets, referred to in the site history tables as “miscellaneous observations” obtained during the May-June seabird breeding period, are included. It is our hope that these data will provide a dependable foundation from which future colonial seabird nesting surveys might be planned and carried out, as well as showcase the importance of coastal Louisiana's seabird rookeries, and contribute to their conservation.

  9. Antennal cropping during colony foundation in termites

    PubMed Central

    Nalepa, Christine A.; Evans, Theodore A.; Lenz, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Abstract The literature on pairing and mating behavior in termites indicates that a number of distal antennal segments in dealates of both sexes are often removed during colony foundation, with terms such as amputation, mutilation and cannibalism typically employed to report the phenomenon. Here we propose the use of the phrase ‘antennal cropping’ to describe the behavior, and assess naturally occurring levels of its occurrence by comparing the number of antennal segments in museum specimens of alates and dealates in 16 species of Australian termites (four families), supplemented by analyzing published data on Coptotermes gestroi. Dealates had significantly fewer antennal segments than alates in 14 of the 16 termite species, with both exceptions belonging to the family Termitidae. Levels of antennal cropping were not significantly different between the sexes but did vary by family. Dealates in the Kalotermitidae removed the most segments (41.3%) and those in the Termitidae removed the fewest (8.9%). We discuss the biological significance of this phylogenetically widespread termite behavior, and suggest that controlled antennal cropping is not only a normal part of their behavioral repertoire but also a key influence that changes the conduct and physiology of the royal pair during the initial stages of colony foundation. PMID:22287897

  10. How Much Is Too Much? Assessment of Prey Consumption by Magellanic Penguins in Patagonian Colonies

    PubMed Central

    Sala, Juan E.; Wilson, Rory P.; Quintana, Flavio

    2012-01-01

    Penguins are major consumers in the southern oceans although quantification of this has been problematic. One suggestion proposes the use of points of inflection in diving profiles (‘wiggles’) for this, a method that has been validated for the estimation of prey consumption by Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) by Simeone and Wilson (2003). Following them, we used wiggles from 31 depth logger-equipped Magellanic penguins foraging from four Patagonian colonies; Punta Norte (PN), Bahía Bustamente (BB), Puerto Deseado (PD) and Puerto San Julián (PSJ), all located in Argentina between 42–49° S, to estimate the prey captured and calculate the catch per unit time (CPUT) for birds foraging during the early chick-rearing period. Numbers of prey caught and CPUT were significantly different between colonies. Birds from PD caught the highest number of prey per foraging trip, with CPUT values of 68±19 prey per hour underwater (almost two times greater than for the three remaining colonies). We modeled consumption from these data and calculate that the world Magellanic penguin population consumes about 2 million tons of prey per year. Possible errors in this calculation are discussed. Despite this, the analysis of wiggles seems a powerful and simple tool to begin to quantify prey consumption by Magellanic penguins, allowing comparison between different breeding sites. The total number of wiggles and/or CPUT do not reflect, by themselves, the availability of food for each colony, as the number of prey consumed by foraging trip is strongly associated with the energy content and wet mass of each colony-specific ‘prey type’. Individuals consuming more profitable prey could be optimizing the time spent underwater, thereby optimizing the energy expenditure associated with the dives. PMID:23251554

  11. Can redistribution of breeding colonies on a landscape mitigate changing predation danger?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James K. Kenyon; Barry D. Smith; Robert W. Butler

    2007-01-01

    The reproductive success of colonially breeding species depends in part upon a trade-off between the benefit of a dilution effect against nestling predation within larger colonies and colony conspicuousness. However, there may be no net survivorship benefit of dilution if smaller colonies are sufficiently inconspicuous. This raises the question about how the size distribution of breeding colonies on a landscape

  12. MACS-VRPTW: A MULTIPLE ANT COLONY SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEMS WITH TIME WINDOWS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luca Maria Gambardella; E. Taillard; Giovanni Agazzi

    1999-01-01

    MACS-VRPTW, an Ant Colony Optimization based approach useful to solve vehicle routing problems with time windows is presented. MACS-VRPTW is organized with a hierarchy of artificial ant colonies designed to successively optimize a multiple objective function: the first colony minimizes the number of vehicles while the second colony minimizes the traveled distances. Cooperation between colonies is performed by exchanging information

  13. Analysis of two genetic models for the innate components of colony odor in social Hymenoptera

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. H. Crozier; M. W. Dix

    1979-01-01

    We propose two models for the inheritance of the innate components of colony odor in social Hymenoptera. Under the Individualistic model, individuals are hostile unless they share at least one allele at all colony-odor loci. Under the Gestalt model, colony-odor pheromones are transferred between individuals, resulting in a ‘gestalt’ colony odor; colonies will not fuse unless they have the same

  14. Effects of worker genotypic diversity on honey bee colony development and behavior ( Apis mellifera L.)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert E. Page Jr; Gene E. Robinson; M. Kim Fondrk; Medhat E. Nasr

    1995-01-01

    There have been numerous reports of genetic influences on division of labor in honey bee colonies, but the effects of worker genotypic diversity on colony behavior are unclear. We analyzed the effects of worker genotypic diversity on the phenotypes of honey bee colonies during a critical phase of colony development, the “nest initiation” phase. Five groups of colonies were studied

  15. Evaluation of counting error due to colony masking in bioaerosol sampling.

    PubMed Central

    Chang, C W; Hwang, Y H; Grinshpun, S A; Macher, J M; Willeke, K

    1994-01-01

    Colony counting error due to indistinguishable colony overlap (i.e., masking) was evaluated theoretically and experimentally. A theoretical model to predict colony masking was used to determine colony counting efficiency by Monte Carlo computer simulation of microorganism collection and development into CFU. The computer simulation was verified experimentally by collecting aerosolized Bacillus subtilis spores and examining micro- and macroscopic colonies. Colony counting efficiency decreased (i) with increasing density of collected culturable microorganisms, (ii) with increasing colony size, and (iii) with decreasing ability of an observation system to distinguish adjacent colonies as separate units. Counting efficiency for 2-mm colonies, at optimal resolution, decreased from 98 to 85% when colony density increased from 1 to 10 microorganisms cm-2, in contrast to an efficiency decrease from 90 to 45% for 5-mm colonies. No statistically significant difference (alpha = 0.05) between experimental and theoretical results was found when colony shape was used to estimate the number of individual colonies in a CFU. Experimental colony counts were 1.2 times simulation estimates when colony shape was not considered, because of nonuniformity of actual colony size and the better discrimination ability of the human eye relative to the model. Colony surface densities associated with high counting accuracy were compared with recommended upper plate count limits and found to depend on colony size and an observation system's ability to identify overlapped colonies. Correction factors were developed to estimate the actual number of collected microorganisms from observed colony counts.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7986046

  16. A drowned Mesozoic bird breeding colony from the Late Cretaceous of Transylvania.

    PubMed

    Dyke, Gareth; Vremir, Mátyás; Kaiser, Gary; Naish, Darren

    2012-06-01

    Despite a rapidly improving fossil record, the reproductive biology of Mesozoic birds remains poorly known: only a handful of undisputed, isolated Cretaceous eggs (some containing embryonic remains) are known. We report here the first fossil evidence for a breeding colony of Mesozoic birds, preserved at the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Oarda de Jos (Od) site in the Sebe? area of Transylvania, Romania. A lens of calcareous mudstone with minimum dimensions of 80 cm length, 50 cm width and 20 cm depth contains thousands of tightly packed, morphologically homogenous eggshell fragments, seven near-complete eggs and neonatal and adult avialan skeletal elements. Eggshell forms 70-80 % of the matrix, and other fossils are entirely absent. The bones exhibit clear characters of the Cretaceous avialan clade Enantiornithes, and the eggshell morphology is also consistent with this identification. Both taphonomy and lithology show that the components of this lens were deposited in a single flood event, and we conclude that it represents the drowned remains of a larger enantiornithine breeding colony, swamped by rising water, washed a short distance and deposited in a shallow, low-energy pond. The same fate often befalls modern bird colonies. Such a large concentration of breeding birds suggests aquatic feeding in this species, augments our understanding of enantiornithine biology and shows that colonial nesting was not unique to crown birds. PMID:22575918

  17. Smart strategic planning for cardiovascular services.

    PubMed

    Hartman, Karen

    2005-12-01

    Strategic planning for cardiovascular services should include formation of a cardiovascular advisory committee composed of key stakeholders. The strategic plan should include an internal assessment, external market analysis, review of operations, development of strategies and initiatives, and a financial analysis. The organization's mission and vision, as well as its financial situation, need to be considered in formulating strategies. PMID:16355753

  18. Strategic petroleum reserve data acquisition system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. D. Merillat; A. G. Bauer

    1980-01-01

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Data Acquisition System is a general purpose, digital data acquisition system designed for field use in the DOE's Strategic Petroleum Reserve testing and monitoring program. The system is computer driven, under the control of an operator. The system is designed to allow the operator to perform pre-test system configuration; test monitoring and control; and post test

  19. Using Strategic Planning To Improve Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Amico, Joseph J.

    This paper describes the elements of strategic planning and applies them to educational reform and improvement. The paper also describes how a planning model, Strategic Planning for Educational Reform and Improvement (SPERI), was used by Rural Assistance Councils (RACs) in Pennsylvania and Delaware, with technical assistance from Research for…

  20. NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research Efforts to Accelerate Control and Eradication of Malaria Institutes of Health #12;O NIAID Strategic Plan for Malaria Research Executive Summary Malaria remains a leading global public health concern. Although there have been prior attempts to control malaria

  1. Strategic responses to food safety legislation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rupert Loader; Jill E. Hobbs

    1999-01-01

    This paper assesses the responses made by food companies to changes in food safety legislation. Such responses are assessed in three ways. Firstly, an assessment is made as to why strategic responses to such legislation might be different to general strategic behaviour. Secondly a conceptual framework is presented and an examination of supply chain organisational response is made. Finally, the

  2. Strategic planning in small high tech companies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maureen Berry

    1998-01-01

    Do managers of small firms operating in the turbulent environment of high tech industries bother to plan for the longer term? Is strategic planning in these firms realistic or indeed feasible? This article presents the findings of an investigation into the strategic planning practices of small high tech firms based on UK science parks. Successful small high tech companies do

  3. Strategic environmental assessments for genetically modified organisms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas A. Linacre; Joanne Gaskell; Mark W. Rosegrant; Jose Falck-Zepeda; Hector Quemada; Mark Halsey; Regina Birner

    2006-01-01

    Genetically modified crops appear to provide a promising option in finding sustainable solutions to end global hunger and poverty, but strategic decisions need to be made on how to spend limited agricultural research funds. Potentially, strategic environmental assessment (SEA) may be used as part of an environmental management system to introduce mainstreaming of environmental considerations in the policy research and

  4. Strategic alliances in international distribution channels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rajiv Mehta; Pia Polsa; Jolanta Mazur; Fan Xiucheng; Alan J. Dubinsky

    2006-01-01

    Given the differing dynamics of managing a distribution channel system, can the extant research on international strategic alliances, which largely focuses on the manufacturer–supplier interface, be extended to the manufacturer–distribution channels context? Owing to the paucity of research on strategic alliances in international distribution channels, this investigation seeks to verify empirically the effects of learning orientation, relationship longevity, and relationship

  5. Safe Votes, Sincere Votes, and Strategizing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rohit Parikh; Eric Pacuit

    2005-01-01

    We examine the basic notion of strategizing in the statement of the Gibbard-Satterthwaite theorem and note that to talk about strategiz- ing presumes that we already know what it means to vote sincerely. For a strategic vote is one which di!ers from a sincere vote, taking into account how others are voting. Now the notion of a sincere vote is

  6. www.nasa.gov Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    Waliser, Duane E.

    2011 NASA www.nasa.gov Strategic Plan National Aeronautics and Space Administration #12;The future and partners. The images on the cover show activities that contribute to achieving our strategic goals, artist concepts of future missions or innovative ideas, and our education efforts. On May 17, 2010, NASA Astronaut

  7. Strategic Plan AdvancedStudies&Research

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    University Spokane Date: June 19, 2002 Re: Transmittal of Campus Strategic Plan Dear Dr. Rawlins, On behalf of the Spokane community, I am forwarding to you the completed campus strategic plan. This plan results from process that coincided with our planning efforts. Also reviewed were numerous studies of the Spokane

  8. Collaborative Strategic Planning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanaghan, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    This book outlines a simple, five-phase collaborative approach to strategic planning that has worked effectively on many campuses. Specifically, Collaborative Strategic Planning (CSP) refers to the disciplined and thoughtful process of meaningfully engaging relevant stakeholders in creating a shared future vision and goals for their institution.…

  9. Protecting complex infrastructures against multiple strategic attackers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kjell Hausken

    2011-01-01

    Infrastructures are analysed subject to defence by a strategic defender and attack by multiple strategic attackers. A framework is developed where each agent determines how much to invest in defending versus attacking each of multiple targets. A target can have economic, human and symbolic values, which generally vary across agents. Investment expenditure functions for each agent can be linear in

  10. Using KPIs To Anchor Strategic Choices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowley, Daniel James

    1997-01-01

    Colleges and universities should approach strategic change by establishing three kinds of key performance indicators (KPIs): mandated (state-mandates or other imposed objectives); management (determined by the administration); and derived (from the special intentions of institutional units). By assembling the three kinds of KPIs, the strategic…

  11. Managing Uncertainty: Thinking and Planning Strategically.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lorenzo, Albert L.

    1993-01-01

    Argues that rapid change and tight resources demand reality-based planning, rather than planning models that ignore internal and external customers or emphasize process over product. Describes the Strategic Guidance Model (SGM) which provides colleges with strategic visioning, organizational assessment, environmental scanning, quality improvement,…

  12. Strategic Human Resource Planning in Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ulferts, Gregory; Wirtz, Patrick; Peterson, Evan

    2009-01-01

    A strategic plan guides a college in successfully meeting its mission. Based on the strategic plan, a college can develop a human resource plan that will allow it to make management decisions in the present to support the future direction of the college. The overall purpose of human resource management is to: (1) ensure the organization has…

  13. Bluffing and Strategic Reticence in Prediction Markets

    E-print Network

    Chen, Yiling

    Bluffing and Strategic Reticence in Prediction Markets Yiling Chen1 , Daniel M. Reeves1 , David M such that at a PBE in LMSR traders have an incentive to bet against their own information--strategically misleading if and only if the product launches by the planned date. Everyone from managers to developers

  14. Information complements, substitutes, and strategic product design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geoffrey G. Parker; Marshall W. van Alstyne

    2000-01-01

    Competitive maneuvering in the information economy has raised a pressing question: how can firms raise profits by giving away products for free? This paper provides a possible answer and articulates a strategy space for information product design. Free strategic complements can raise a firm's own profits while free strategic substitutes can lower profits for competitors. We introduce a formal model

  15. Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research. Final technical report for FY85

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay; B. H. Diehl; K. W. Hornung

    1985-01-01

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) has extensive facilities and expertise for underground storage of crude oil but limited analytical laboratory capabilities. The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, has extensive experience in petroleum testing and has served as the analytical support laboratory for SPRO

  16. Emergence of Polymorphic Mating Strategies in Robot Colonies

    PubMed Central

    Elfwing, Stefan; Doya, Kenji

    2014-01-01

    Polymorphism has fascinated evolutionary biologists since the time of Darwin. Biologists have observed discrete alternative mating strategies in many different species. In this study, we demonstrate that polymorphic mating strategies can emerge in a colony of hermaphrodite robots. We used a survival and reproduction task where the robots maintained their energy levels by capturing energy sources and physically exchanged genotypes for the reproduction of offspring. The reproductive success was dependent on the individuals' energy levels, which created a natural trade-off between the time invested in maintaining a high energy level and the time invested in attracting mating partners. We performed experiments in environments with different density of energy sources and observed a variety in the mating behavior when a robot could see both an energy source and a potential mating partner. The individuals could be classified into two phenotypes: 1) forager, who always chooses to capture energy sources, and 2) tracker, who keeps track of potential mating partners if its energy level is above a threshold. In four out of the seven highest fitness populations in different environments, we found subpopulations with distinct differences in genotype and in behavioral phenotype. We analyzed the fitnesses of the foragers and the trackers by sampling them from each subpopulation and mixing with different ratios in a population. The fitness curves for the two subpopulations crossed at about 25% of foragers in the population, showing the evolutionary stability of the polymorphism. In one of those polymorphic populations, the trackers were further split into two subpopulations: (strong trackers) and (weak trackers). Our analyses show that the population consisting of three phenotypes also constituted several stable polymorphic evolutionarily stable states. To our knowledge, our study is the first to demonstrate the emergence of polymorphic evolutionarily stable strategies within a robot evolution framework. PMID:24717898

  17. 15 CFR 1160.23 - Assistance in establishing Strategic Partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Strategic Partnership Initiative § 1160.23 Assistance in establishing Strategic Partnerships. (a)...

  18. The Importance of Microbes in Nutrition and Health of Honey Bee Colonies Part-2: Factors Affecting the Microbial Community in Honey Bee Colonies

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Honey bee colonies have innumerable symbiotic bacteria and fungi that are essential to the health of the colony. In the first part of this series, we discussed the importance of microbes in maintaining the health of honey bee colonies. The bacteria, yeasts and molds that live in a healthy colony a...

  19. Colony integration and reproductive conflict in honey bees

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Review Colony integration and reproductive conflict in honey bees P.K. Visscher Department 1997) Abstract - Honey bee colonies, although highly cooperative, are composed of genetically dis production of males. Sex ratio conflict is expected to be minimal and hard to measure in honey bees

  20. Combating Varroa destructor in Honeybee Colonies Using Flumethrin or Fluvalinate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Gregorc; M. I. Smodiš Škerl

    2007-01-01

    Gregorc A., M. I. Smodi‰ ·kerl: Combating Varroa destructor in Honeybee Colonies Using Flumethrin or Fluvalinate. Acta Vet. Brno 2007, 76: 309-314. Mite mortality in two apiaries, one with 32 and the other with 15 honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica) colonies, was recorded prior to and after flumethrin or fluvalinate treatments and after a control, oxalic-acid application. During the 42- and

  1. PROBLEMS OF VIOLENCE, STATES OF TERROR: TORTURE IN COLONIAL INDIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anupama Rao

    2001-01-01

    The 'discovery' of torture and its prevalence in the extraction of confessions produced a dilemma for the colonial state in India. Especially with the publication of the two-volume Report of the Commissioners for the Investigation of Alleged Cases of Torture in the Madras Presidency in 1855, colonial administrators became uncomfortably aware of the contrived nature of the 'truth' produced before

  2. Using Ant Colony Optimization to guide a CP search

    E-print Network

    Solnon, Christine

    Using Ant Colony Optimization to guide a CP search Madjid Khichane1, Patrick Albert1, and Christine;Introduction Ant-CP Car sequencing Results I/D study Conclusion Motivations Constraint Programming High level Describe the problem with Ilog solver Use Ilog solver to propagate and verify constraints Use Ant Colony

  3. Using Ant Colony Optimization algorithm for solving project management problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hazem Abdallah; Hassan M. Emara; Hassan T. Dorrah; Ahmed Bahgat

    2009-01-01

    Network analysis provides an effective practical system for planning and controlling large projects in construction and many other fields. Ant Colony System is a recent approach used for solving path minimization problems. This paper presents the use of Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) system for solving and calculating both deterministic and probabilistic CPM\\/PERT networks. The proposed method is investigated for a

  4. Model Specification Searches Using Ant Colony Optimization Algorithms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcoulides, George A.; Drezner, Zvi

    2003-01-01

    Ant colony optimization is a recently proposed heuristic procedure inspired by the behavior of real ants. This article applies the procedure to model specification searches in structural equation modeling and reports the results. The results demonstrate the capabilities of ant colony optimization algorithms for conducting automated searches.

  5. An Ant Colony Optimization Approach to Disassembly Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. LUl; H. Z. Huang; B. Zheng; J. Y. H. FUHl; Y. S. Wong

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes an ant colony optimization approach to disassembly planning. The mechanism of ant colony optimization in disassembly planning is discussed, and the objectives to be optimized in disassembly planning are introduced. For more effective search for feasible non-dominated solutions, a multi-objective searching algorithm with uniform design is investigated to guide the ants searching the routes along the uniformly

  6. Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Review Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies Thomas D. Seeley Section 1997) Abstract - Solving the puzzle of colony integration in honey bees requires understanding how a worker bee acquires the information that she needs to decide correctly, moment-by-moment, what task

  7. Colony Collapse Disorder: Many Suspects, No Smoking Gun

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Myrna E. Watanabe (Science Writer; )

    2008-05-01

    Although more has been learned since colony collapse disorder (CCD) was first identified in mid-November 2006, the mystery remains. Some possibilitiescontamination with pollen from plants genetically modified to carry an insecticidal gene, radiation from cell phones, and perhaps even stress itselfcan probably be ruled out as contributory causes of CCD, but the cause of the bee colony losses remains unknown.

  8. 'Administering the Medicine': Progressive Education, Colonialism, and the State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cote, Joost

    2001-01-01

    Draws comparisons between the Australian education directors, Frank Tate and Jacques Henry Abendanon. Discusses educational reform issues based on racial contexts and social, political, and cultural aspects in the British colony of Victoria and the Dutch colony of Java. Concludes that, though their politcal contexts are different, their views are…

  9. Whose freedom? Whose memories? Commemorating Danish colonialism in St. Croix

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bolette B. Blaagaard

    2011-01-01

    The article addresses the issues of cultural and archival historical representations as they are presented in Danish journalism about historical events taking place in the former colonies of Denmark, the current United States' Virgin Islands (USVI). The (post)colonial relationship between Denmark and USVI has been overlooked by Danish and 'western'-based scholars for quite some time. The article presents the case

  10. MRF-based image segmentation using Ant Colony System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ouadfel Salima; Batouche Mohamed

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a novel method for image segmentation that we call ACS-MRF method. ACS-MRF is a hybrid ant colony system coupled with a local search. We show how a colony of cooperating ants are able to estimate the labels field and minimize the MAP estimate. Cooperation between ants is performed by exchanging information through pheromone updating. The

  11. Ant Colony Algorithms in Diverse Combinational Optimization Problems -A Survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Thangavel; M. Karnan; P. Jeganathan; R. Sivakumar; G. Geetharamani

    Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) metaheuristic is a recent population-based approach inspired by the observation of real ants colony and based upon their collective foraging behavior. In ACO, solutions of the problem are constructed within a stochastic iterative process, by adding solution components to partial solutions. Each individual ant constructs a part of the solution using an artificial pheromone, which reflects

  12. Multiple Ant Colonies Optimization for Load Balancing in Distributed Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Al-Dahoud Ali; Mohamed A. Belal

    Ant colony optimization (ACO) has proved its success as a meta-heuristic optimization in several network applications such as routing and load balancing. In this paper, a proposed ACO al gorithm for load balancing in distributed systems will be presented. This algorithm is fully distributed in which information is dynamically updated at each ant movement. Multiple colonies paradigm will be adopted

  13. Articulated Robot Motion Planning Using Ant Colony Optimisation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MohdMurtadha Mohamad; N. K. Taylor; M. W. Dunnigan

    2006-01-01

    A new approach to robot motion planning is proposed by applying ant colony optimization (ACO) with the probabilistic roadmap planner (PRM). The aim of this approach is to apply ACO to 3-dimensional robot motion planning which is complicated when involving mobile 6-dof or multiple articulated robots. An ant colony robot motion planning (ACRMP) method is proposed that has the benefit

  14. Load Balancing of Nodes in Cloud Using Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kumar Nishant; Pratik Sharma; Vishal Krishna; Chhavi Gupta; Kuwar Pratap Singh; Nitin; Ravi Rastogi

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we proposed an algorithm for load distribution of workloads among nodes of a cloud by the use of Ant Colony Optimization (ACO). This is a modified approach of ant colony optimization that has been applied from the perspective of cloud or grid network systems with the main aim of load balancing of nodes. This modified algorithm has

  15. Understanding the Pheromone System Within Ant Colony Optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Gilmour; Mark Dras

    2005-01-01

    Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) is a collection of meta- heuristics inspired by foraging in ant colonies, whose aim is to solve combinatorial optimization problems. We identify some principles behind the metaheuristics' rules; and we show that ensuring their application, as a correction to a published algorithm for the vertex cover problem, leads to a statistically signican t improvement in empirical

  16. A fast Ant Colony Optimization for traveling salesman problem

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shih-Pang Tseng; Chun-Wei Tsai; Ming-Chao Chiang; Chu-Sing Yang

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we present an efficient method for speeding up Ant Colony Optimization (ACO), called Pattern Reduction Enhanced Ant Colony Optimization (PREACO). The proposed algorithm is motivated by the observation that many of the computations of ACO on its convergence process are essentially redundant and thus can be eliminated to reduce its computation time. To evaluate the performance of

  17. Social life: the paradox of multiple-queen colonies

    E-print Network

    Alvarez, Nadir

    questionof why young queens join estab lished colonies and why resident queensand workers acceptthem second set of issuesrelates to the mechanisms maintainingreproductivealtruism by workers when several insect workers are hlghly related to the brood they rear when colonies are headed by a single queen

  18. Controlled use of a robot colony power supply

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary B. Parker; Richard S. Zbeda

    2005-01-01

    The controlled use of a continuous power supply for robots of a colony is presented. This work builds on previous work where capacitors were used as an onboard power supply, and where robots with metallic probes were charged at a power station. An onboard controller was implemented to direct the hexapod colony robot behavior according to its power supply status.

  19. Automatic counting and classification of bacterial colonies using hyperspectral imaging

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Detection and counting of bacterial colonies on agar plates is a routine microbiology practice to get a rough estimate of the number of viable cells in a sample. There have been a variety of different automatic colony counting systems and software algorithms mainly based on color or gray-scale pictu...

  20. DROWNED AND DAMMED Colonial Capitalism and Flood Control

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    DROWNED AND DAMMED Colonial Capitalism and Flood Control in Eastern India ROHAN D on the colonial environmental watershed and its hydraulic legacy. It also questions the enthusiasm for flood and practice of flood control in order to anchor their presence in the Orissa Delta. It was principally

  1. Structural inverse analysis by hybrid simplex artificial bee colony algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fei Kang; Junjie Li; Qing Xu

    2009-01-01

    A hybrid simplex artificial bee colony algorithm (HSABCA) which combines Nelder–Mead simplex method with artificial bee colony algorithm (ABCA) is proposed for inverse analysis problems. The proposed algorithm is applied to parameter identification of concrete dam-foundation systems. To verify the performance of HSABCA, it is compared with the basic ABCA and a real coded genetic algorithm (RCGA) on two examples:

  2. Indigenous Knowledge in the Science Curriculum: Avoiding Neo-Colonialism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Ann

    2008-01-01

    Science education in Papua New Guinea has been influenced by neo-colonial practices that have significantly contributed to the silencing of the Papua New Guinea voice. This silencing has led to the production of science curriculum documents that are irrelevant to the students for whom they are written. To avoid being caught up in neo-colonial…

  3. How natural infection by Nosema ceranae causes honeybee colony collapse.

    PubMed

    Higes, Mariano; Martín-Hernández, Raquel; Botías, Cristina; Bailón, Encarna Garrido; González-Porto, Amelia V; Barrios, Laura; Del Nozal, M Jesús; Bernal, José L; Jiménez, Juan J; Palencia, Pilar García; Meana, Aránzazu

    2008-10-01

    In recent years, honeybees (Apis mellifera) have been strangely disappearing from their hives, and strong colonies have suddenly become weak and died. The precise aetiology underlying the disappearance of the bees remains a mystery. However, during the same period, Nosema ceranae, a microsporidium of the Asian bee Apis cerana, seems to have colonized A. mellifera, and it's now frequently detected all over the world in both healthy and weak honeybee colonies. For first time, we show that natural N. ceranae infection can cause the sudden collapse of bee colonies, establishing a direct correlation between N. ceranae infection and the death of honeybee colonies under field conditions. Signs of colony weakness were not evident until the queen could no longer replace the loss of the infected bees. The long asymptomatic incubation period can explain the absence of evident symptoms prior to colony collapse. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that healthy colonies near to an infected one can also become infected, and that N. ceranae infection can be controlled with a specific antibiotic, fumagillin. Moreover, the administration of 120 mg of fumagillin has proven to eliminate the infection, but it cannot avoid reinfection after 6 months. We provide Koch's postulates between N. ceranae infection and a syndrome with a long incubation period involving continuous death of adult bees, non-stop brood rearing by the bees and colony loss in winter or early spring despite the presence of sufficient remaining pollen and honey. PMID:18647336

  4. The paradoxical after-life of colonial governmentality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Dutton

    2010-01-01

    Employing the emergency number 911 as a device to open onto two continents of governance – one ‘hot’ the other ‘cold’, one binary, the other the disaggregation of the binary – this paper shows that colonial governmentality is marked by a paradoxical combination of the two. Moreover, it argues that colonial governmentality is the progenitor of this form of governance

  5. The Spanish Philippines: Archaeological Perspectives on Colonial Economics and Society

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Russell K. Skowronek

    1998-01-01

    When scholars consider Spanish colonialism in the Philippines their impressions are based largely on documentary evidence of their 377-year colonial presence and on romanticized impressions of the larger Spanish empire. In the New World, wherever Europeans settled, there is a clear break in the archaeological sequence of pre-Columbian cultural traditions. In the systemic context these changes continue to be evidenced

  6. Culture of a Colonial Hydroid under Controlled Conditions.

    PubMed

    Fulton, C

    1960-08-19

    A simple method has been developed for the cultivation of colonies of Cordylophora lacustris. The colonies, attached to microscope slides slanted in beakers, are grown in a culture solution containing five required ions. Artemia larvae are supplied as food. Increase in hydranth number is exponential with a doubling time of about 3 days. PMID:17816030

  7. 75 FR 28685 - Colonial Bankshares, MHC, Vineland, NJ; Approval of Conversion Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ...Nos. 04983, H-3879, and H-4714] Colonial Bankshares, MHC, Vineland, NJ; Approval of Conversion Application Notice is...Supervision approved the application of Colonial Bankshares, MHC, and Colonial Bank, Vineland, New Jersey, to convert to...

  8. Characteristics of rat megakaryocyte colonies and their progenitors in agar culture

    SciTech Connect

    Kellar, K.L.; Rolovic, Z.; Evatt, B.L.; Sewell, E.T.

    1985-11-01

    The characteristics of megakaryocyte colonies that develop from megakaryocyte progenitors of rat bone marrow stimulated by rat spleen-conditioned medium (SCM) in agar culture were investigated. Colony frequency was optimal on day 7 and increased relative to both the number of cells plated and the concentration of SCM used. Colonies were categorized as small cell and big cell. Small-cell colonies had a greater proliferative potential, with a mean of 25 cells/colony. Big-cell colonies averaged 15 cells/colony. The ratio of big-cell to small-cell colonies was 0.69 +/- 0.29. Granulocyte-macrophage colonies, which were also stimulated by SCM, accounted for 70% +/- 15% of the total colonies in the cultures. Cytocidal experiments with tritiated thymidine reduced megakaryocyte colony formation by 45% and granulocyte-macrophage colony formation by 21%. The properties of rat, mouse, and human megakaryocyte progenitors as assayed in vitro are compared.

  9. Strategic petroleum reserve: Quarterly report, August 15, 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-08-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of the most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. Its existence provides an effective response mechanism should a disruption occur and a formidable deterrent to the use of oil as a political instrument. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of December 22, 1975 (Public Law 94-163), as amended, to reduce the impact of disruptions in supplies of petroleum products and to carry out obligations of the US under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. Section 165(a) of the Act requires the submission of Annual Reports and Section 165(b)(1) requires the submission of Quarterly Reports. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1994, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

  10. Colonial Zapotec Calendars and Calendrical Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Justeson, John

    A great deal is known about colonial Zapotec calendar systems. Every pan-Mesoamerican system was in use: the divinatory/sacred calendar of 260 days, together with its partition into 13- and 20-day subdivisions; the civil year of 365 days and its subdivision into eighteen 20-day months plus a final period of 5 days; and the cycle of 52 years, a permutation of the divinatory and civil calendars. A surprising amount is known about the activities and professional tools and practices of the calendar specialists, and about the ways that calendrical knowledge was transmitted. We have scant information on Zapotec astronomical knowledge and practices, believed to have been in their hands, but an understanding of the timing of eclipses was among their applications of calendrical constructs.

  11. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-11-15

    This report summarizes the activities undertaken by the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the third quarter of calendar year 1994. It addresses issues relative to storage facilities in Texas and Louisiana and include information on fill rate; average price of products purchased; current and projected storage capacity of each facility; analyses of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage or petroleum products; budgets established for the operation of each facility during the quarter and total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated. The report also briefly discusses two problems which have temporarily reduced the Reserve`s oil inventory for drawdown. These problems are a higher-than-normal gas content and elevated temperatures of crude at other facilities.

  12. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-11-15

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve serves as one of the most important investments in reducing the Nation`s vulnerability to oil supply disruptions. This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the third quarter of calendar year 1993, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity and plans to accelerate the acquisition or construction of such capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated. Samples of the oil revealed two problems that, although readily correctable, have reduced the availability of some of the oil inventory for drawdown in the near-term. These problems are: (1) a higher-than-normal gas content in some of the crude oil, apparently from years of intrusion of methane form the surrounding salt formation; and (2) elevated temperatures of some of the crude oil, due to geothermal heating, that has increased the vapor pressure of the oil. Investigations are proceeding to determine the extent to which gas intrusion and geothermal heating are impacting the availability of oil for drawdown. Preliminary designs have been developed for systems to mitigate both problems.

  13. ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE FREQUENCIES OF GREAT BLUE HERONS AT TWO OREGON ESTUARINE COLONIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RANGE D. BAYER

    of low tide, and the largest average colony synchrony was then 23% of the breeding herons\\/h. The average time between arrivals per heron at a 36-39-nest and an 8-nest colony was 6.7 h, which indicates that herons infrequently returned to a colony. Most herons (64% at the larger colony, 95% at the smaller colony) departed the colony alone. The clumping

  14. Declining thick-billed murre Uria lomvia colonies experience higher gull predation rates: an inter-colony comparison

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Grant Gilchrist

    1999-01-01

    Avian predators of colonial-nesting seabirds preferentially attack individuals nesting alone or on the edge of groups, apparently because they can forage without being struck by defending neighbours. If nesting densities of colonial seabirds declined, predators are predicted to have fewer foraging constraints and consequently a greater impact on seabird reproduction. Thus, avian predation could prevent the recovery of seabird populations

  15. Effects of queen ages on Varroa (Varroa destructor) infestation level in honey bee (Apis mellifera caucasica) colonies and colony performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ethem Akyol; Halil Yeninar; Mustafa Karatepe; Bilge Karatepe; Duran Özkök

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the effects of queen age on varroa population levels in hives and performance of honey bee (A. mellifera caucasica) colonies. Levels of varroa infestation and performances of the colonies which had 0, 1- and 2-year-old queens were compared in mild climate conditions. Varroa numbers on adults and drone brood, number of frames covered with

  16. 10 CFR 74.31 - Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance. 74.31 Section 74.31 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

  17. Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Annual/quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-02-15

    This report briefly covers the program legislation and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan and its amendments. The current status of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is outlined in Section II and the appropriations, budget and finances to date are provided in Section III. Section IV addresses organization, management, and contractor support. A discussion of the drawdown system and vulnerability impact are set forth in Section V. The Appendix contains detailed information on the status of each Strategic Petroleum Reserve site and crude oil specificcations. 8 figs., 8 tabs.

  18. Modulation of tumour colony growth by irradiated accessory cells.

    PubMed Central

    Hamburger, A. W.; White, C. P.; Dunn, F. E.

    1983-01-01

    The ability of human tumour cells to form colonies in soft agar is enhanced by the presence of autologous phagocytic/adherent cells. We investigated the effect of irradiation on the ability of the adherent cells to support human tumour colony formation. Relatively low doses of irradiation significantly increased the growth enhancing ability of adherent cells in 17/19 cases. The possibility that the enhancement was mediated by inactivation of radiosensitive contaminating lymphocytes was explored. Depletion of T lymphocytes from unirradiated adherent cells by a monoclonal antibody and complement resulted in little overall change in tumour colony growth. However, elimination of only the suppressor subset (OKT8+) of T lymphocytes resulted in increased colony growth relative to control values obtained with unirradiated adherent cells. In contrast, depletion of T lymphocytes from irradiated adherent cells by a pan T monoclonal antibody and complement decreased colony formation. Thus, the ability of irradiated macrophages to enhance tumour colony growth appeared to be mediated by a T lymphocyte. The effect of irradiation on isolated populations of macrophages and T lymphocytes was also examined. The enhanced ability of irradiated adherent cells to support tumor colony growth appeared to have been due to treatment of T lymphocytes alone. The results indicate that both adherent macrophages and lymphocytes may influence the growth of clonogenic human tumour cells. PMID:6605760

  19. Between stigmatisation and regulation: prostitution in colonial Northern Vietnam.

    PubMed

    Tracol-Huynh, Isabelle

    2010-08-01

    Colonisation was a masculine adventure which took place in a distorted world full of 'welcoming' native women. The colonial encounter therefore was both racial and gendered: boundaries between European men and Vietnamese women were obvious. On the other hand the intimacy that resulted from this encounter blurred the racial boundaries that were the foundation of the colonial order. These boundaries had to be redrawn or sharpened. Focusing on French colonial northern Vietnam (Tonkin) this paper examines how the whole colonial encounter was embodied in the sexual encounter between European men and native women and how prostitution was an integral part of the colonial order. This analysis of the regulation of prostitution and its ambivalence reveals that the definition of prostitution and its treatment by the French colonial authorities was political, racial and therefore connected to a specific period. The political definition of prostitution in today's Vietnam is different from the colonial one. This shift reveals that prostitution is a pertinent vantage point from which one can study how a society apprehends itself and its own future. PMID:20364443

  20. Quantifying the colony shape of the Montastraea annularis species complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dawson, J. P.

    2006-08-01

    The reef coral Montastraea annularis has been used in a wide range of investigations. Recently, it has been recognized as a complex of three species based on field observations of the variation in colony shape. These observations have also been confirmed by molecular methods as well as morphometrics on individual corallites in the colonies. This paper presents a new quantitative method for measuring overall colony shape based on geostatistics. Seventeen colonies collected from San Blas, Panama in 1995 and 1996 were examined using the Polhemus 3SPACE FASTRAK system to construct three-dimensional coordinates of the center of several hundred corallites in each colony. This method measures the larger bumps or “ridges” as well as the smaller bumps or “lumps” of the colonies. Variograms were then calculated for all the specimens and the lag distances and the values of the variogram were used in a multivariate statistical analysis. Overall, this method indicated that M. annularis and Montastaea faveolata overlap in their relative amount of bumpiness in colony shape while Montastraea franksi is distinct from the other two species. This method has implications for both the modern and fossil record of Montastraea as well as other organisms with similar shapes.

  1. The colonial context of Filipino American immigrants' psychological experiences.

    PubMed

    David, E J R; Nadal, Kevin L

    2013-07-01

    Because of the long colonial history of Filipinos and the highly Americanized climate of postcolonial Philippines, many scholars from various disciplines have speculated that colonialism and its legacies may play major roles in Filipino emigration to the United States. However, there are no known empirical studies in psychology that specifically investigate whether colonialism and its effects have influenced the psychological experiences of Filipino American immigrants prior to their arrival in the United States. Further, there is no existing empirical study that specifically investigates the extent to which colonialism and its legacies continue to influence Filipino American immigrants' mental health. Thus, using interviews (N = 6) and surveys (N = 219) with Filipino American immigrants, two studies found that colonialism and its consequences are important factors to consider when conceptualizing the psychological experiences of Filipino American immigrants. Specifically, the findings suggest that (a) Filipino American immigrants experienced ethnic and cultural denigration in the Philippines prior to their U.S. arrival, (b) ethnic and cultural denigration in the Philippines and in the United States may lead to the development of colonial mentality (CM), and (c) that CM may have negative mental health consequences among Filipino American immigrants. The two studies' findings suggest that the Filipino American immigration experience cannot be completely captured by the voluntary immigrant narrative, as they provide empirical support to the notion that the Filipino American immigration experience needs to be understood in the context of colonialism and its most insidious psychological legacy- CM. PMID:23875854

  2. The hyper-cube framework for ant colony optimization.

    PubMed

    Blum, Christian; Dorigo, Marco

    2004-04-01

    Ant colony optimization is a metaheuristic approach belonging to the class of model-based search algorithms. In this paper, we propose a new framework for implementing ant colony optimization algorithms called the hyper-cube framework for ant colony optimization. In contrast to the usual way of implementing ant colony optimization algorithms, this framework limits the pheromone values to the interval [0,1]. This is obtained by introducing changes in the pheromone value update rule. These changes can in general be applied to any pheromone value update rule used in ant colony optimization. We discuss the benefits coming with this new framework. The benefits are twofold. On the theoretical side, the new framework allows us to prove that in Ant System, the ancestor of all ant colony optimization algorithms, the average quality of the solutions produced increases in expectation over time when applied to unconstrained problems. On the practical side, the new framework automatically handles the scaling of the objective function values. We experimentally show that this leads on average to a more robust behavior of ant colony optimization algorithms. PMID:15376861

  3. Transformational Assessment: A Simplified Model of Strategic Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bardwell, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    Strategic planning is a way to evaluate a present situation and set a course for the future. While there is no dearth of literature on Strategic Planning, there appears to be reluctance on the part of K-12 educators to engage in strategic planning. Besides the cynicism about change, another roadblock to strategic planning is the time it takes.…

  4. Information Management Strategic Plan. Information: The fuel for success

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-07-01

    Reliable information is key to the ultimate success of the Departmental Strategic Plan. To help ensure that success, this Information Management Strategic Plan has been developed, which evolved from and directly supports the Departmental Strategic Plan and the Human Resources and Administration Strategic Plan.

  5. Purdue Extended Campus: Transparency, Accountability, and Assessment in Strategic Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, Robin; Eddy, Michael; Pagano, Mark; Ncube, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    In 2002 President Martin Jischke initiated a new era in strategic planning at Purdue. Under his leadership, strategic planning became a centralized activity with unit plans aligned to the university plan. Strategic goals were designed to have maximum impact, which would be measurable through metrics. Strategic planning at Purdue would be an…

  6. Impacts of inbreeding on bumblebee colony fitness under field conditions

    PubMed Central

    Whitehorn, Penelope R; Tinsley, Matthew C; Brown, Mark JF; Darvill, Ben; Goulson, Dave

    2009-01-01

    Background Inbreeding and the loss of genetic diversity are known to be significant threats to small, isolated populations. Hymenoptera represent a special case regarding the impact of inbreeding. Haplodiploidy may permit purging of deleterious recessive alleles in haploid males, meaning inbreeding depression is reduced relative to diploid species. In contrast, the impact of inbreeding may be exacerbated in Hymenopteran species that have a single-locus complementary sex determination system, due to the production of sterile or inviable diploid males. We investigated the costs of brother-sister mating in the bumblebee Bombus terrestris. We compared inbred colonies that produced diploid males and inbred colonies that did not produce diploid males with outbred colonies. Mating, hibernation and colony founding took place in the laboratory. Once colonies had produced 15 offspring they were placed in the field and left to forage under natural conditions. Results The diploid male colonies had a significantly reduced fitness compared to regular inbred and outbred colonies; they had slower growth rates in the laboratory, survived for a shorter time period under field conditions and produced significantly fewer offspring overall. No differences in success were found between non-diploid male inbred colonies and outbred colonies. Conclusion Our data illustrate that inbreeding exacts a considerable cost in Bombus terrestris through the production of diploid males. We suggest that diploid males may act as indicators of the genetic health of populations, and that their detection could be used as an informative tool in hymenopteran conservation. We conclude that whilst haplodiploids may suffer less inbreeding depression than diploid species, they are still highly vulnerable to population fragmentation and reduced genetic diversity due to the extreme costs imposed by the production of diploid males. PMID:19573223

  7. Measuring the strategic value of information technology investments

    SciTech Connect

    Conrad, K.W. [Boeing Computer Services Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-08-01

    Value is often perceived differently by the proponents of new information technologies and those who allocate resources and define priorities. Such differences often become a roadblock to meeting true business needs. Project justifications regularly rely on calculated cost savings, which rarely measure the full benefit of new technologies. In fact, if cost savings provide a complete picture, then the organization is probably just automating routine clerical operations and has abandoned efforts that would provide significant strategic value. Strategic value is not limited to financial calculations, but includes quality, time and risk criteria. This paper describes approaches for measuring strategic value that can provide organizations with proven techniques to improve performance, reengineer processes, benchmark performance against other suppliers, identify outsourcing opportunities, or defend themselves from pressures to outsource. Many organizations respond to tightening budgets by cutting overhead. These measurement approaches can demonstrate how overhead is critical to organizational effectiveness and how cost savings can be found, instead, by measurably improving performance throughout the organization. Finally, the paper describes efforts underway within the Department of Energy and at the Hanford Site to implement the approaches described in this paper.

  8. Strategic petroleum reserve crude oil data search file documentation. Final report, June 1978September 1979

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. R. Eichelberger; L. L. Stavinoha; H. N. Giles

    1979-01-01

    Crude oil analysis data for the years 1950-1977 were obtained on magnetic tape from the DOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center and placed on the DOE Energy Information Administration's computer for use by the DOE Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO). A data transformation program was written to convert the crude oil data to a new SPRO crude oil data file compatible

  9. Development of Chinese Strategic Petroleum Reserves Base on Comparable Research about Japanese Situation and Policies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erfu Guo; Meiting Ju; Na Gong

    2011-01-01

    Petroleum is one of the most important energy which can’t be regenerated. During the increasing development of world economy, petroleum has become significant energy to keep a county's economy survival. Japan which has almost no petroleum capacity had started strategic petroleum reserve since last century. Abundant reserve helped Japan conquering twice petroleum crises. As the biggest and fastest developing country,

  10. Colony evaluation is not affected by drifting of drone and worker honeybees ( Apis mellifera L.) at a performance testing apiary

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Neumann; Robin F. A. Moritz; Dieter Mautz

    2000-01-01

    The impact of drifting workers and drones on evaluating performance data of honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica) colonies was studied using DNA microsatellites. Colony size, honey yield and colony level of infestation with Varroa jacobsoniwere evaluated from 30 queenright colonies. Individuals (n = 1359 workers from 38 colonies, n = 449 drones from 14 colonies) were genotyped using four DNA microsatellite

  11. Model for social interaction, competition and dominance in ant colonies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anggriani, N.; Aryani, I.; Darmawati, Supriatna, A. K.

    2014-02-01

    It has been known that characteristic of social life within ant colonies includes efficient class division, harmonious appearance, but also competition within nestmates. Conflict between queens, male and female labors frequently occurs due to different interest among class members. A mathematical model for interaction between queens, male and female workers in ant colonies is discussed here. Interesting phenomena such as male-male competition and queen dominance are analyzed and stable coexistence is shown. It is also shown that heavy competition is even necessary to maintain a certain level of coexistence in the colonies.

  12. The Old Colony Mennonites of Bolivia: a case study 

    E-print Network

    Lanning, James Walter

    1971-01-01

    TNE OLD COLONY MENNONITES OF BOLIVIA: A CASE STUDY A Thesis by JAILS WALTER LANNING Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1971 Major...) December 1971 ABSTRACT The Old Colony Mennonites of Bolivia: A Case Study. (December 1971) James W. Lanning, B. S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: Bardin H. Melson The major objective of the thesis was to describe the Old Colony Mennonites...

  13. STRATEGIC PLAN American University of Beirut

    E-print Network

    to Meet Regional Challenges Strategic Partnerships and Collaborations Entrepreneurship and Innovation believes deeply in and encourages freedom of thought and expression and seeks to foster tolerance, and in light of rapidly changing global developments-- economic, technological, social, political

  14. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Strategic Plan 2015­2019 October 2014 #12;#12;iii CONTENTS ................................................................... 5 3. Integration into ORNL Missions: Neutron Sciences, Materials by Design, Imaging ................ 6 The Link to Neutron Sciences

  15. 7 CFR 25.202 - Strategic plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...clean-up and redevelopment, and promote transportation, education, and public safety. (b) Minimum requirements. The...carrying out the strategic plan, including the extent to which poor persons and families will be empowered to become...

  16. Academic Testing Services Strategic Plan 2010 -2015

    E-print Network

    Rock, Chris

    Academic Testing Services Strategic Plan 2010 - 2015 Contribute to increasing enrollment and promoting student success: Provide test assessments which are integral to higher education participation and progression Provide a quality test environment conducive to optimal performance and success Provide quality

  17. White Wind Farms Strategic Communications Campaign

    E-print Network

    Ford, Gina; Noulles, Mary; James, Jessica

    2014-09-03

    White Wind Farms is a small, startup Kansas winery located in Paola. The goal of this project was to develop a strategic marketing communications plan to assist in the growth and development of the White Wind Farms brand.....

  18. UWMadison: Strategic Framework For Wisconsin and

    E-print Network

    Scharer, John E.

    Certificates Service Learning International Learning Community (ILC) Internal Partners: Communications of a global public research university excellence, innovation, public service Health Sustainability Asia Advancement Corporate RelationsWISc Scholars Global Learning Outcomes Global Talent A Strategic Platform

  19. Technology Venture Development Community Partnerships Strategic Initiatives

    E-print Network

    Technology Venture Development Community Partnerships · Strategic Initiatives · Faculty Outreach) 587-3836 Technology Commercialization Office (TCO) Intellectual Property Protection · Technology and Start the Commercialization Process www.TeCh venTUreS.UTAh.eDU Technology commercialization starts

  20. Technology Support Strategic Plan MISSION STATEMENT

    E-print Network

    Westfall, Peter H.

    1 Technology Support Strategic Plan MISSION STATEMENT Through collaboration and professionalism, the Technology Support Department provides the highest possible quality Information Technology (IT) services, support, and assistance to the University community. VISION STATEMENT Technology Support