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1

Robinson Rancheria Strategic Energy Plan; Middletown Rancheria Strategic Energy Plan, Scotts Valley Rancheria Strategic Energy Plan, Elem Indian Colony Strategic Energy Plan, Upperlake Rancheria Strategic Energy Plan, Big Valley Rancheria Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians is located in Lake County in Northern California. Similar to the other five federally recognized Indian Tribes in Lake County participating in this project, Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians members are challenged by generally increasing energy costs and undeveloped local energy resources. Currently, Tribal decision makers lack sufficient information to make informed decisions about potential renewable energy resources. To meet this challenge efficiently, the Tribes have committed to the Lake County Tribal Energy Program, a multi Tribal program to be based at the Robinson Rancheria and including The Elem Indian Colony, Big Valley Rancheria, Middletown Rancheria, Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake and the Scotts Valley Pomo Tribe. The mission of this program is to promote Tribal energy efficiency and create employment opportunities and economic opportunities on Tribal Lands through energy resource and energy efficiency development. This program will establish a comprehensive energy strategic plan for the Tribes based on Tribal specific plans that capture economic and environmental benefits while continuing to respect Tribal cultural practices and traditions. The goal is to understand current and future energy consumption and develop both regional and Tribe specific strategic energy plans, including action plans, to clearly identify the energy options for each Tribe.

McGinnis and Associates LLC

2008-08-01

2

Energy, Colonialism, and the American West.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Energy development has led many people concerned with the American West to consider it a powerless colony of outside interests. The characteristics of colonies, particularly external control by energy companies and the federal government, and the applicability of these characteristics to the West are discussed. (IS)|

Warren, Eugene H., Jr.

1983-01-01

3

Strategic Plan for Colonial National Historical Park, Fiscal Year 2001-2005 (October 1, 2000-September 30, 2005).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the Strategic Plan for Colonial National Historical Park, a unit of the National Park System, administered by the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Our Plan includes our mission statement, derived from the legislation establi...

2005-01-01

4

NANA Strategic Energy Plan & Energy Options Analysis  

SciTech Connect

NANA Strategic Energy Plan summary NRC, as an Alaska Native Corporation, has committed to addressing the energy needs for its shareholders. The project framework calls for implicit involvement of the IRA Councils in the Steering Committee. Tribal Members, from the NRC to individual communities, will be involved in development of the NANA Energy Plan. NRC, as the lead tribal entity, will serve as the project director of the proposed effort. The NRC team has communicated with various governmental and policy stakeholders via meetings and discussions, including Denali Commission, Alaska Energy Authority, and other governmental stakeholders. Work sessions have been initiated with the Alaska Village Electric Cooperative, the NW Arctic Borough, and Kotzebue Electric Association. The NRC Strategic Energy Plan (SEP) Steering committee met monthly through April and May and weekly starting in June 2008 in preparation of the energy summit that was held from July 29-31, 2008. During preparations for the energy summit and afterwards, there was follow through and development of project concepts for consideration. The NANA regional energy summit was held from July 29-31, 2008, and brought together people from all communities of the Northwest Arctic Borough. The effort was planned in conjunction with the Alaska Energy Authority’s state-wide energy planning efforts. Over $80,000 in cash contributions was collected from various donors to assist with travel from communities and to develop the summit project. Available funding resources have been identified and requirements reviewed, including the Denali Commission, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, and the Alaska Energy Authority. A component of the overall plan will be a discussion of energy funding and financing. There are current project concepts submitted, or are ready for submittal, in the region for the following areas: • Wind-diesel in Deering, Buckland, Noorik, and Kiana areas; potential development around Red Dog mine. • Biomass Feasibility analysis in the upper Kobuk; • Run of the river hydroelectric development for the Upper Kobuk; • Solar photovoltaic (PV) power demonstration projects for Noatak, Ambler, Selawik, Kiana, and Noorvik; • Heat Recovery for several communities; In September 2008, the NRC team participated at the Alaska Rural Energy Conference in Girdwood, Alaska In November 2008, the NRC team gave a presentation on the NANA regional energy plans at a DOE Tribal Energy Program conference in Denver, Colorado. In January 2009, the final SEP report was submitted to NRC.

Jay Hermanson; Brian Yanity

2008-12-31

5

U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Energys Strategic Plan is designed to deliver results along five strategic themes. Theme 1: Energy security promoting Americas energy security through reliable, clean, and affordable energy. Theme 2: Nuclear security ensuring Americas nu...

2006-01-01

6

Micmac Strategic Energy Planning Initiative  

SciTech Connect

In February 2005 the Aroostook Band of Micmacs submitted a grant application to the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Tribal First Steps Program. The purpose of the application was to request funding and technical assistance to identify and document Tribal energy issues, develop a Tribal energy vision, evaluate potential energy opportunities, and to develop an action plan for future Tribal energy activities. The grant application was subsequently funded by DOE, and the Aroostook Band of Micmacs hired an energy consultant to assist with completion of the project. In addition to identification and documentation of Tribal energy issues, and the development of a Tribal energy vision, the potential for wind energy development on Tribal land, and residential energy efficiency issues were thoroughly evaluated.

Fred Corey

2007-02-02

7

Ethanol: A Strategic Energy Source.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As an element of our energy security policy, the United States should encourage the development of alternative energy sources for future U.S. energy needs. The present administration cites our dependence on oil as one of our critical national weaknesses. ...

A. A. Wickham

2009-01-01

8

Energy Strategic Planning & Sufficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information regarding options available, their advantages and disadvantages, and the costs for pursuing activities to advance Smith River Rancheria toward an energy program that reduces their energy costs, allows greater self-sufficiency and stimulates economic development and employment opportunities within and around the reservation. The primary subjects addressed in this report are as follows: (1) Baseline Assessment of Current Energy Costs--An evaluation of the historical energy costs for Smith River was conducted to identify the costs for each component of their energy supply to better assess changes that can be considered for energy cost reductions. (2) Research Viable Energy Options--This includes a general description of many power generation technologies and identification of their relative costs, advantages and disadvantages. Through this research the generation technology options that are most suited for this application were identified. (3) Project Development Considerations--The basic steps and associated challenges of developing a generation project utilizing the selected technologies are identified and discussed. This included items like selling to third parties, wheeling, electrical interconnections, fuel supply, permitting, standby power, and transmission studies. (4) Energy Conservation--The myriad of federal, state and utility programs offered for low-income weatherization and utility bill payment assistance are identified, their qualification requirements discussed, and the subsequent benefits outlined. (5) Establishing an Energy Organization--The report includes a high level discussion of formation of a utility to serve the Tribal membership. The value or advantages of such action is discussed along with some of the challenges. (6) Training--Training opportunities available to the Tribal membership are identified.

Retziaff, Greg

2005-03-30

9

Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the “First Steps” phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribe’s plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: • Develop the Tribe’s energy goals and objectives • Establish the Tribe’s current energy usage • Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options • Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives • Create an action plan for the selected options

Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

2009-01-30

10

Samish Indian Nation Long-Term Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Tribes strategic energy planning effort is divided into three phases: (1) Completing an Energy Resource Assessment; (2) Developing a Long-Term Strategic Energy Plan; and (3) Preparing a Strategic Energy Implementation Plan for the Samish Homelands. The Samish Indian Nation developed a comprehensive Strategic Energy plan to set policy for future development on tribal land that consists of a long-term, integrated, systems approach to providing a framework under which the Samish Community can use resources efficiently, create energy-efficient infrastructures, and protect and enhance quality of life. Development of the Strategic Energy plan will help the Samish Nation create a healthy community that will sustain current and future generations by addressing economic, environmental, and social issues while respecting the Samish Indian Nation culture and traditions.

Christine Woodward; B. Beckley; K. Hagen

2005-06-30

11

Department of Energy Strategic Plan, September 30, 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of this strategic plan was the work of only Federal employees and was guided by major policy documents and program evaluations. In May 2001, the Administration issued its National Energy Policy which had several recommendations for the Dep...

2003-01-01

12

Steps to Developing the New Orleans Strategic Energy Plan (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation was given by NREL's Elizabeth Doris (Brown) to the New Orleans City Council in January 2008. NREL was funded by DOE to provide technical assistance to New Orleans after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. The presentation provides an overview of strategic energy planning, case studies, and suggested next steps for implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy into the city's rebuilding efforts.

Brown, E.

2011-01-01

13

Energy security and strategic petroleum reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embargo by the OPEC nations during the winter of 1973-74 caused the United States substantial losses in Gross National Product. In 1975, Congress authorized the establishment of a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Underground salt domes were chosen due to lower development costs, the capability to withdraw oil at high flow rates, and the maximum security they provided. The Texas-Louisiana

Charles L. Steinkamp

1984-01-01

14

Penobscot Indian Nation's Strategic Energy Planning Efficiency on tribal Lands  

SciTech Connect

The energy grant provided the resources to evaluate the wind, hydro, biomass, geothermal and solar resource potential on all Penobscot Indian Naiton's Tribal lands. The two objectives address potential renewable energy resources available on tribal lands and energy efficiency measures to be taken after comprehensive energy audits of commercial facilities. Also, a Long Term Strategic Energy Plan was developed along with a plan to reduce high energy costs.

Sockalexis, Mike; Fields, Brenda

2006-11-30

15

Regional energy planning through SWOT analysis and strategic planning tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic planning processes, which are commonly used as a tool for region development and territorial structuring, can be harnessed by politicians and public administrations, at the local level, to redesign the regional energy system and encourage renewable energy development and environmental preservation. In this sense, the province of Jaén, a southern Spanish region whose economy is mainly based on olive

J. Terrados; G. Almonacid; L. Hontoria

2007-01-01

16

1997 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

With the end of the Cold War and the election of President Clinton, the Department of Energy (DOE) set a new course which began with the publication of its first departmental strategic plan in April 1994. Entitled ``Fueling a Competitive Economy, it provided the framework and shared vision for meeting responsibilities in energy, national security, environmental quality, and science and technology. The strategic plan was the guidepost for the formulation of the Department`s FY 1996, FY 1997, and FY 1998 budgets and was critical to the development of the Department`s Strategic Alignment Initiative, designed to save $1.7 billion over five years. This current plan, which has been significantly improved through a very close consultation process with Congress and customers stakeholders, takes DOE to the next important performance level by being more directly linked to actions and results. It defines a strategic goal for each of the Department`s four business lines and, in the spirit of the Government Performance and Results Act and the National Performance Review, identifies a fifth goal addressing corporate management. Reengineering the business practices, managing for results, being open with neighbors and stakeholders, and ensuring the safety and health of DOE workers and the public are, and will continue to be, among the highest of priorities. Over the coming years, DOE plans to achieve their strategic goals through specific identifiable strategies. Each business line has clear objectives and straightforward ways of defining whether DOE has succeeded in meeting those objectives.

None,

1997-09-01

17

Thailand's energy security: Strategic Petroleum Reserve and its economic impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation studies Thailand's energy security from three related perspectives, the role of oil on the Thai macroeconomy, the sectoral demand for oil in Thailand, and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) policy for the Thai economy. The first part of my dissertation estimates an error correction model of aggregate production function for Thailand. Thai economic growth is modeled as a

Poonpat Leesombatpiboon

2010-01-01

18

A strategic framework for the magnetic fusion energy program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fusion is recognized as a sufficiently abundant and environmentally attractive energy source to sustain industrial society in the 21st century and beyond. This paper outlines a strategic framework for the U.S. magnetic fusion program that builds substantially on the high-quality research and the strong scientific and technological basis that has been established during the past two decades.

Robert W. Conn; Ronald C. Davidson; T. Kenneth Fowler; Harold P. Furth; John A. Gilleland; Marshall N. Rosenbluth

1985-01-01

19

Global energy gradients and size in colonial organisms: Worker mass and worker number in ant colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Body mass shapes processes from cell metabolism to community dynamics. Little is known, however, about how the average body mass of individuals varies among ecological communities. Ants alter colony mass by independently changing worker mass and\\/or worker number. In a survey of 49 ecosystems from tundra to tropical rainforest, average worker mass and worker number were uncorrelated (rs = 0.2,

Michael Kaspari

2005-01-01

20

ESnet - the energy sciences network strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Program is to provide a highly capable and reliable communications infrastructure that supports the Department of Energy`s (DOE) missions and enables DOE researchers to tap the power of leading-edge information technologies. ESnet provides an essential infrastructure that enhances national competitiveness and accelerates the development of future generations of high-performance, distributed computing systems and networks. These computing systems and networks are vital to modern scientific research. In addition, they enable development of new approaches to energy management, environmental restoration and waste management, national security, industrial processing, and health care, and also facilitate public access to government information. Extensive networks developed by the DOE`s high-energy physics and fusion energy research communities were the forerunners of the ESnet. These networks initially provided improved access to high-energy accelerator sites and to the Magnetic Fusion Energy Supercomputer Center, which opened at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1974.

NONE

1996-12-01

21

Energy in the Mountain West: Colonialism and Independence  

SciTech Connect

In many ways, the mountain west (Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming) is an energy colony for the rest of the United States: it is rich in energy resources that are extracted to fuel economic growth in the wealthier and more populous coastal regions. Federal agencies and global corporations often behave as if the mountain west is a place to be exploited or managed for the benefit of customers and consumers elsewhere. Yet, the area. is not vast empty space with a limitless supply of natural resources, but rather a fast-growing region with a diverse economic base dependent on a limited supply of water. New decision processes and collaborations are slowly changing this situation, but in a piecemeal fashion that places local communities at odds with powerful external interests. Proper planning of major development is needed to insure that the west has a strong economic and cultural future after the fossil energy resources decline, even if that might be a century from now. To encourage the necessary public discussions, this paper identifies key differences between the mountain west and the rest of the United States and suggests some holistic approaches that could improve our future. This paper is designed to provoke thought and discussion; it does not report new analyses on energy resources or usage. It is a summary of a large group effort.

Steven Piet; Lloyd Brown; Robert Cherry; Craig Cooper; Harold Heydt; Richard Holman; Travis McLing

2007-08-01

22

Strategic energy assessment using Pinch analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of Process Integration techniques, such as Pinch Technology, have been widely accepted in the process industries. However in many situations in the US, the capital available for implementation of energy cost reduction projects is very limited. Therefore efforts to reduce energy costs have been limited to those which can be achieved with little or no capital investment. Despite

M. A. Rutkowski; B. L. Pretty

1994-01-01

23

Energy Strategic Planning & Self-Sufficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information regarding options available, their advantages and disadvantages, and the costs for pursuing activities to advance Smith River Rancheria toward an energy program that reduces their energy costs, allows greater self-sufficiency and stimulates economic development and employment opportunities within and around the reservation. The primary subjects addressed in this report are as follow: (1) Baseline Assessment of Current Energy Costs--An evaluation of the historical energy costs for Smith River was conducted to identify the costs for each component of their energy supply to better assess changes that can be considered for energy cost reductions. (2) Research Viable Energy Options--This includes a general description of many power generation technologies and identification of their relative costs, advantages and disadvantages. Through this research the generation technology options that are most suited for this application were identified. (3) Project Development Considerations--The basic steps and associated challenges of developing a generation project utilizing the selected technologies are identified and discussed. This included items like selling to third parties, wheeling, electrical interconnections, fuel supply, permitting, standby power, and transmission studies. (4) Energy Conservation--The myriad of federal, state and utility programs offered for low-income weatherization and utility bill payment assistance are identified, their qualification requirements discussed, and the subsequent benefits outlined. (5) Establishing an Energy Organization--The report includes a high level discussion of formation of a utility to serve the Tribal membership. The value or advantages of such action is discussed along with some of the challenges. (6) Training--Training opportunities available to the Tribal membership are identified.

Greg Retzlaff

2005-03-30

24

Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

2006-11-30

25

Strategic defense and directed-energy weapons  

SciTech Connect

About 8 months after President Reagan called on the US scientific community to develop SDI, the American Physical Society commissioned a study to evaluate the status of directed-energy weapons (DEW). Focus was on DEW because they would be needed in almost all stages of the destruction of a missile, including: detecting the launch; locating and tracking the target; distinguishing warheads from decoys; and destroying the target itself and verifying the kill. Results of the study were released in the spring of 1987, and SDI partisans have attacked and SDI critics have invoked the findings of the APS committee. The authors were cochairmen of the 17-member committee, and here summarize their conclusions, namely: (1) although substantial progress has been made in many technologies of DEW over the last two decades, significant gaps remain in these technologies; (2) successful resolution of these issues is critical for extrapolation to performance levels needed for an effective BMD systems; (3) at present, there is insufficient information to decide whether the required extrapolations can be achieved; improvements of several orders of magnitude are needed; (4) under the best of circumstances, another decade of intensive research is needed to provide the knowledge needed for an informed decision; and (5) important issues of overall system integration and effectiveness depend critically upon information that does not yet exist.

Patel, C.K.N.; Bloembergen, N.

1987-09-01

26

2011 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Department of Energy is to ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions. Goal 1 is to catalyze the timely, material, and efficient transformation of the nation's energy system and secure U.S. leadership in clean energy technologies. Goal 2 is to maintain a vibrant U.S. effort in science and engineering as a cornerstone of our economic prosperity with clear leadership in strategic areas. Goal 3 is to enhance nuclear security through defense, nonproliferation, and environmental efforts. Goal 4 is to establish an operational and adaptable framework that combines the best wisdom of all Department stakeholders to maximize mission success.

None

2011-05-01

27

Reproductive decisions by honey bee colonies: tuning investment in male production in relation to success in energy acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. One way to understand the adaptive design of the life history of a social insect colony is to view the colony as having an investment policy whereby it allocates limited resources among the various physiological functions fostering its growth, survival, and reproduction. Prior work has shown that energy is a limited resource for a honey bee colony and that

T. D. Seeley; A. S. Mikheyev

2003-01-01

28

Analysis of Relationship between Strategic and Aggregate Energy Minimization in Delay-Constrained Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We formulate two versions of the power con- trol problem for wireless networks with latency constraints arising from duty cycle allocations In the first version, strategic power optimization, wireless nodes are modeled as rational agents in a power game, who strategically adjust their powers to minimize their own energy. In the other version, joint power optimization, wireless nodes jointly minimize

Rajgopal Kannan; Shuangqing Wei

2005-01-01

29

Jicarilla Apache Utility Authority Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Strategic Planning  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Strategic Plan Report is to provide an introduction and in-depth analysis of the issues and opportunities, resources, and technologies of energy efficiency and renewable energy that have potential beneficial application for the people of the Jicarilla Apache Nation and surrounding communities. The Report seeks to draw on the best available information that existed at the time of writing, and where necessary, draws on new research to assess this potential. This study provides a strategic assessment of opportunities for maximizing the potential for electrical energy efficiency and renewable energy development by the Jicarilla Apache Nation. The report analyzes electricity use on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation in buildings. The report also assesses particular resources and technologies in detail, including energy efficiency, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and small hydropower. The closing sections set out the elements of a multi-year, multi-phase strategy for development of resources to the maximum benefit of the Nation.

Rabago, K.R.

2008-06-28

30

Oil Reserve: DOE's (Department of Energy's) Management of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews several aspects of the Department of Energy's (DOE) management and policies regarding the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). It addresses (1) DOE's response to a number of management and operations improvement recommendations made in 19...

1987-01-01

31

Strategic environmental assessment methodologies—applications within the energy sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a procedural tool and within the framework of SEA, several different types of analytical tools can be used in the assessment. Several analytical tools are presented and their relation to SEA is discussed including methods for future studies, Life Cycle Assessment, Risk Assessment, Economic Valuation and Multi-Attribute Approaches. A framework for the integration of some

Goeran Finnveden; Maans Nilsson; Jessica Johansson; Åsa Persson; Åsa Moberg; Tomas Carlsson

2003-01-01

32

Potential renewable energy resources of the Lerma Valley, Salta, Argentina for its strategic territorial planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources are considered as strategic opportunities to improve the population’s quality of life, to promote the development of more efficient and equitable economic systems, and to favor environmental sustainability in the territorial planning of Lerma Valley (Salta, Argentina). The mapping in raster format (each pixel having a reference value) of the potential renewable energy sources (solar, wind, biomass,

S. Belmonte; V. Núñez; J. G. Viramonte; J. Franco

2009-01-01

33

Regional energy planning through SWOT analysis and strategic planning tools.: Impact on renewables development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic planning processes, which are commonly used as a tool for region development and territorial structuring, can be harnessed by politicians and public administrations, at the local level, to redesign the regional energy system and encourage renewable energy development and environmental preservation. In this sense, the province of Jaén, a southern Spanish region whose economy is mainly based on olive

J. Terrados; G. Almonacid; L. Hontoria

2007-01-01

34

Using Misbehavior to Analyze Strategic versus Aggregate Energy Minimization in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel formulation of the prob- lem of energy misbehavior and develop an analytical frame- work for quantifying its impact on other nodes. Specifically, we formulate two versions of the power control problem for wireless sensor networks with latency constraints arising from duty cycle allocations. In the first version, strategic power optimization, nodes are modeled as rational agents

Rajgopal Kannan; Shuangqing Wei; Vasu Chakravarthy; Guna Seetharaman

2006-01-01

35

Test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Cavern 102 at Bayou Choctaw  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two brine pressure tests were conducted on the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Cavern 102, at Bayou Choctaw from November 28, 1984, to December 18, 1984. A nitrogen leak test was then conducted from December 18, 1984, to January 9, 1985, on the Cavern 102 entry well. These tests were conducted to provide data for the State of Louisiana

1985-01-01

36

A Critique of the Strategic Competitive Intelligence Process within a Global Energy Multinational  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two competitive intelligence processes within a Global Energy Multinational are critically analyzed - Competitive Strategic Business Intelligence (CIAD) and Competitive Technical Intelli- gence (CTI). It has been found that the CIAD process is linear and carried out by small team of ana- lysts from which intelligence moves upward to be actioned at the highest levels of a layered organi- zation.

Kurt April; Julian Bessa

2006-01-01

37

Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) Strategic Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Twenty-first century energy challenges include demand growth, national energy security, and global climate protection. The Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) is a public/private partnership between the State of Idaho and its academic research insti...

K. Kostelnik K. Perry

2007-01-01

38

Energy Strategic Planning and Self-Sufficiency Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides information regarding options available, their advantages and disadvantages, and the costs for pursuing activities to advance Smith River Rancheria toward an energy program that reduces their energy costs, allows greater self-sufficie...

G. Retzlaff

2005-01-01

39

China's strategic choice of low-carbon energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Low carbon economy, whose essence is that taking use of energy efficiently, exploiting clean energy and pursing the green GDP, is a development model based on low energy consumption, pollution and emission. The core of low carbon is associated with the considerable change of the concept concerning the development and survival of human being as well as the innovation

JingWei Liu; ZhiJuan Li

2011-01-01

40

Strategic plan for the restructured US fusion energy sciences program  

SciTech Connect

This plan reflects a transition to a restructured fusion program, with a change in focus from an energy technology development program to a fusion energy sciences program. Since the energy crisis of the early 1970`s, the U.S. fusion program has presented itself as a goal- oriented fusion energy development program, with milestones that required rapidly increasing budgets. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 also called for a goal-oriented development program consistent with the Department`s planning. Actual funding levels, however, have forced a premature narrowing of the program to the tokamak approach. By 1995, with no clear, immediate need driving the schedule for developing fusion energy and with enormous pressure to reduce discretionary spending, Congress cut fusion program funding for FY 1996 by one-third and called for a major restructuring of the program. Based on the recommendations of the Fusion Energy Advisory Committee (FEAC), the Department has decided to pursue a program that concentrates on world-class plasma, science, and on maintaining an involvement in fusion energy science through international collaboration. At the same time, the Japanese and Europeans, with energy situations different from ours, are continuing with their goal- oriented fusion programs. Collaboration with them provides a highly leveraged means of continued involvement in fusion energy science and technology, especially through participation in the engineering and design activities of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor program, ITER. This restructured fusion energy sciences program, with its focus on fundamental fusion science and technology, may well provide insights that lead to more attractive fusion power plants, and will make use of the scientific infrastructure that will allow the United States to launch a fusion energy development program at some future date.

NONE

1996-08-01

41

Online Strategizing Distributed Renewable Energy Resource Access in Islanded Microgrids  

Microsoft Academic Search

The smart grid, perceived as the next generation power grid, uses two-way flow of electricity and information to create a widely distributed automated energy delivery network. By grouping distributed renewable energy generations and loads, a microgrid, which is seen as one of the cornerstones of the future smart grids, can disconnect from the macrogrid and function autonomously. This intentional islanding

Xi Fang; Dejun Yang; Guoliang Xue

2011-01-01

42

Strategic analysis of conservation and solar energy policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wide range of specific policy measures concerned with increasing the technical efficiencies of energy use and promoting the use and competitiveness of various solar, renewable resource, and conservation technologies are examined. The focus is on the socioeconomic impacts of two policy packages - the Basic and the Enhanced. The packages are examined for their economic, distributional, energy, and environmental

R. J. IV Goettle; P. J. Groncki; E. A. Hudson

1980-01-01

43

Community Greening: How To Develop A Strategic Energy Plan, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides an overview of strategic electricity planning for communities, using a step-by-step approach to develop the plan. This method has a high chance of success, because it is based on stakeholder buy-in and political commitment. Not all communities will need to follow all steps, but the process is designed to incorporate all parties, maximize solution-based thinking, and develop a plan that can be carried out by community leaders.

Not Available

2010-02-01

44

Strategic simulation of the energy management in a Kraft mill  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic assessment of an energy enhancement program envisaged for a Kraft wood pulping mill has been performed. The retrofit projects which have been analysed include reduction of the process steam demand, steam exportation to a district heating network and cogeneration. An automated MILP optimisation model has been developed to quantify the economic benefit of the projects independently and in

Adriana Cakembergh-Mas; Jean Paris; Martin Trépanier

2010-01-01

45

My Moon Colony  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to the futuristic concept of the moon as a place people can inhabit. They brainstorm what people would need to live on the moon and then design a fantastic Moon colony and decide how to power it. Student use the engineering design process, which includes researching various types of energy sources and evaluating which would be best for their moon colonies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

46

Effects of energy requirements and worker mortality on colony growth and foraging in the honey bee  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of colony growth and foraging in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) is presented. It is assumed that summer workers choose a foraging strategy that maximizes colony population by the end of the season subject to the constraint that enough nectar has been stored to sustain the adult population overwinter. The optimal foraging strategy is derived with respect

Guy Beauchamp

1992-01-01

47

Evaluating conformational free energies: The colony energy and its application to the problem of loop prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce a method to account for the shape of the potential energy curve in the evaluation of conformational free energies. The method is based on a procedure that generates a set of conformations, each with its own force-field energy, but adds a term to this energy that favors conformations that are close in structure (have a

Zhexin Xiang; Cinque S. Soto; Barry Honig

2002-01-01

48

Optimal Time--Energy Allocation and the Evolution of Colony Demography among Eusocial Insects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis attempts to explain the evolution of certain features of social insect colony population structure by the use of optimization models. Two areas are examined in detail. First, the optimal reproductive strategies of annual eusocial insects are c...

S. C. Macevicz

1979-01-01

49

On firm ground: A strategic analysis of CAA energy-related business development  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to suggest strategic planning methods through which to reduce the risks and enhance the prospects of success of Community Action Agency (CAA) energy-related business development. The objectives are the following: to provide CAA leaders with a model they can use to evaluate the broad range of business opportunities before them; to use this model to evaluate several types of new or existing enterprises of interest to CAAs in order to determine the potential for replication of the enterprises; and to provide WAP policymakers with a process to help evaluate the progress of the on-going experiment in CAA energy-related business incubation. 70 refs., 12 figs.

Not Available

1987-02-01

50

United States Department of Energy strategic petroleum reserve: Environmental monitoring report: Annual 1986  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) consists of six Gulf Coast underground salt dome oil storage complexes (four in Louisiana and two in Texas) and a marine terminal facility (in Louisiana). The environmental program is implemented by the management, operations and maintenance (MOM) contractor for the SPR on behalf of the Department of Energy. A primary goal of the MOM contractor is to ensure that all SPR activities are conducted in accordance with sound environmental practices. Effective environmental monitoring provides a mechanism for assessing the impact of SPR activity on air, surface water, and ground water. Environmental monitoring during 1986 showed no adverse environmental impact resulting from SPR activities. 20 refs., 8 figs., 13 tabs. (AT)

Not Available

1987-04-01

51

Test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Cavern 102 at Bayou Choctaw  

SciTech Connect

Two brine pressure tests were conducted on the Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Cavern 102, at Bayou Choctaw from November 28, 1984, to December 18, 1984. A nitrogen leak test was then conducted from December 18, 1984, to January 9, 1985, on the Cavern 102 entry well. These tests were conducted to provide data for the State of Louisiana Cavern Certification Program. This program is covered by Statewide Order No. 29-M which provides rules and regulations pertaining to the use of salt dome cavities for storage of liquid and/or gaseous hydrocarbons. The test results indicate that the oil leak rate from Cavern 102 is approximately zero bbl/yr. Cavern 102 will be traded to Allied Chemicals' Union Texas Petroleum Division for their Cavern 17 at Bayou Choctaw per Exchange Agreement dated March 1982. 12 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Buchanan, D.K.

1985-12-01

52

Colonial Williamsburg  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1926, at the urging of the Revered Dr. D.A.R. Goodwin, John D. Rockefeller Jr. began a complex and elaborate restoration project in the quiet town of Williamsburg that sought to preserve a few of the more important Revolutionary War-era buildings around the town. The project became increasingly ambitious, and eventually grew to encompass around 85 percent of the town's area from the 18th century. Today, Colonial Williamsburg is the world's largest living history museum, and is noted for its ability to incorporate and interpret diverse perspectives on America's colonial period. Those persons unable to visit Colonial Williamsburg in person may want to first peruse the "Explore & Learn" section of the site, where they can learn about the different social and ethnic groups that inhabited the town (such as African-American slaves and colonial children), and see the various buildings within the community. The archaeology section of the site is particularly compelling, as visitors can learn about the many ongoing projects underway, and younger users can learn about the practice of archaeology through various games, quizzes, and puzzles. Additionally, users can read selected articles from the organization's popular history magazine, "Colonial Williamsburg," dating back to 1992. [KMG

53

Strategic Supply.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When studying Strategic Supply in the context of Supply Chain Management (SCM), it is quite apparent that Strategic Supply cannot be classified as a particular industry; but rather, as an enabler across all industries. Therefore, this industry study looke...

A. Cural D. Daugherty H. Cole K. Alexander R. Howard

2006-01-01

54

Strategic outlook for the US Dept. of Energy uranium enrichment enterprise  

SciTech Connect

Mounting problems in the early 1980s resulted in a business crisis for the US uranium enrichment enterprise. To address these problems, the US Dept. of Energy (DOE) developed and announced in 1984 a plan for reestablishing its competitive position in the world marketplace. This recovery plan has been very successful. The US DOE is now implementing the third phase of that strategy, institutional restructuring. Maintaining a healthy, stable, and competitive uranium enrichment capability in the US is a high-priority effort for DOE, whose uranium enrichment enterprise has two major goals: in the near term, DOE's goal is to provide reliable, competitive enrichment services to commercial and defense customers in a manner that assures a reasonable return on the government's investment. In the future, to assure adequate supplies of competitively priced nuclear fuel, DOE must adapt to the changing needs of the marketplace. Thus, we must stabilize and maintain the long-term vitality of the US enrichment enterprise by restructuring it and by providing the means by which the private sector can become involved in the business. Restructuring and private ownership obviously will require the approval of Congress. To achieve these goals, DOE has developed strategic objectives, which are briefly described.

Longenecker, J.R.

1987-01-01

55

Establishing strategic energy assessment indicators for Zimbabwe: A key to improving electrical energy efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Zimbabwe, there is still very little realization of the potential of demand side management (DSM) to increase industrial energy efficiency. Without clear guidelines that indicate the most economic energy efficiency strategies to implement, it is difficult for industry to easily evaluate the benefits of energy assessments. This research focused on establishing and evaluating indicators that guide correct implementation of

Felix Goto

2007-01-01

56

STRATEGIC ENERGY SOURCES AND TRENDS OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present dynamic security environment forced organizations or countries to radically restructure their objectives and strategies. In the last years, the European Union energy strategy has been in the process of a profound objectives transformation. The paper deals with the problem of the energy security in the European Union and the role of renewable energies to security supply in the

Mihai Dutu

2009-01-01

57

Strategic energy sources and trends of alternative energies in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present dynamic security environment forced organizations or countries to radically restructure their objectives and strategies. In the last years, the European Union energy strategy has been in the process of a profound objectives transformation. The paper deals with the problem of the energy security in the European Union and the role of renewable energies to security supply in the

Mihai Dutu

2009-01-01

58

The strategic management of energy service company to enhance the sustainable energy management in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thailand imports a large portion of crude oil which equals to 12 % of GDP in 2008 for driving the growth of Thailand economy. Several countermeasures are developed from various fields of responsibility in order to provide the sufficient and sustainable energy policy. This paper reviews the development of energy service company (ESCO) in Thailand which is expected to be

Rittirong Intarajinda; V. Chutiprapat; P. Bhasaputra; W. Pattaraprakorn

2010-01-01

59

Establishing strategic energy assessment indicators for Zimbabwe: A key to improving electrical energy efficiency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Zimbabwe, there is still very little realization of the potential of demand side management (DSM) to increase industrial energy efficiency. Without clear guidelines that indicate the most economic energy efficiency strategies to implement, it is difficult for industry to easily evaluate the benefits of energy assessments. This research focused on establishing and evaluating indicators that guide correct implementation of energy assessments into Zimbabwean industry. This quantitative and qualitative study used a theoretic approach to develop indicators that identified industrial subsectors that should be targeted for DSM interventions. This may bring about reduction in energy demand in high power consuming Zimbabwean industrial companies, which were compared with energy utility performances of similar industrial companies in countries located in other parts of the world. This research used pattern-matching, categorical aggregation, and stochastic frontier regression analysis for data analysis. In maximizing electrical efficiency, the implications of this study may be used by individual companies in Zimbabwe to perform energy efficiency self-diagnoses, operational efficiency evaluations, and capital resource justifications. From a societal perspective, this study may benefit Zimbabwe because it provides opportunities for the alleviation of both shortages in power supply and the capital constraints of building new generating capacity. This study will also benefit ordinary Zimbabweans by lowering energy costs and providing reliable power. This promotes sustainable economic growth and lowers the need for foreign currency to import power.

Goto, Felix

60

Strategic weapons  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the Defense Department's process for formulating its strategic weapons targeting policy and translating that policy into a nuclear war plan-the Single Integrated Operational Plan. GAO provides information on the relationship between the strategic nuclear targeting process and the determination of requirements for nuclear weapons and related delivery systems, level of civilian oversight, and categories and types of targets. These strategic nuclear weapons systems, commonly known as the triad, include land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and strategic bombers armed with nuclear bombs and missiles.

Not Available

1991-09-01

61

Hydrologic Change during the Colonial Era of the United States: Beavers and the Energy Cost of Impoundments (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Europeans colonized North America in the early 17th century with intentions ranging between long-term inhabitation and quick extraction of resources for economic gain in Europe. Whatever the intentions, the colonists relied on the landscape for resources resulting in dramatic change to the forest and fur-bearing mammal population. We demonstrate that initial exploitation of North American forest and furs caused a substantial decrease in mean water residence time (?) between 1600 and 1800 A.D. That loss, which regionally changed from 51 to 41 days, contrasts with conventional wisdom that humans tend to diminish variability in water resources by increasing storage capacity and thus increasing ?. The loss of ? resulted from over-hunted beaver for the hat market in Europe. Analysis suggests that colonial era demographics and economics did not allow human resource allocation to impoundment construction on a level matching the historic beaver effort. However, the ? appears to have regionally increased during the 19th century, suggesting that humans eventually began replacing the water storage lost with the beaver. The analysis highlights the energy cost of impounding water, which is likely to continue to be an important factor given the increasing need for stable water resources and finite energy resources.

Green, M. B.; Bain, D. J.; Arrigo, J. S.; Duncan, J. M.; Kumar, S.; Parolari, A.; Salant, N.; Vorosmarty, C. J.; Aloysius, N. R.; Bray, E. N.; Ruffing, C. M.; Witherell, B. B.

2009-12-01

62

U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Needed Changes to Counter Today's Threats to Energy Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) of the United States is critical to its national security because of the nation's reliance on oil and refined petroleum products as the cornerstone of its economic and military power. The purpose of the SPR is to prov...

J. B. Peck

2006-01-01

63

Strategic Planning of Communications and Knowledge Transfer for the Solar Energy Technologies Program  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Solar Communications Team is to get the right information to the right people at the right time in the right form at the right cost, and to measure the effectiveness of projects and our strategic communications plan. Our communications efforts in FY 2005 emphasized the following: 1) Reaching the Buildings and Consumer audiences (e.g., Solar Decathlon, International Builders' Show). 2) Developing and distributing critical program documents to key stakeholders (e.g., Solar Program Review Meeting Proceedings, Industry Roadmap, second Multi-Year Program Plan). 3) Conducting a gap analysis of communications products and evaluating their effectiveness. 4) Working with our program management to streamline business processes and improve communications of management expectations. 5) Developing and maintaining content for all Solar Program Web sites that reflect research and program accomplishments. 6) Representing the interests of the Solar Program at strategic events (technical conferences, meetings, workshops, community events).

Pedigo, S.; Nahan, R.; Moon, S.; Gwinner, D.; Zuboy, J.; Brooks, C.; Wilson, T.; Hassett, R.; Burt, W. B.

2005-11-01

64

BTS strategic plan executive summary  

SciTech Connect

This Strategic Plan positions the Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) to be more effective in reducing energy consumption in homes, offices, schools and other buildings, and in reducing environmental impacts associated with energy use.

NONE

1999-01-06

65

Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The House passed H.R. 6, the Energy Policy Act of 2005, on April 21, 2005 (249- 183). The legislation would permanently authorize the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) and require, as expeditiously as practicable, expansion of the SPR to its authorized ma...

R. Bamberger

2005-01-01

66

Soviet strategic defense programs  

SciTech Connect

Contents include: the Soviet approach; defensive forces; ballistic missile defense; advanced technologies for defense against ballistic missiles; laser weapons, particle beam weapons, radio frequency weapons, kinetic-energy weapons, computer and sensor technology, antisatellite developments; air defense; passive defenses; Soviet statements on the US Strategic Defense Initiative; annex: offensive forces.

Not Available

1985-10-01

67

Optimal time--energy allocation and the evolution of colony demography among eusocial insects. [Polistes fuscatus, Vespa orientalis, ants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis attempts to explain the evolution of certain features of social insect colony population structure by the use of optimization models. Two areas are examined in detail. First, the optimal reproductive strategies of annual eusocial insects are considered. A model is constructed for the growth of workers and reproductives as a function of the resources allocated to each. Next

Macevicz

1979-01-01

68

Strategic downsizing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate strategies directed at gaining competitive advantage and satisfying customers? needs always have human resource implications, and tactics such as job redesign, multi-skilling, redeployment, training, paying for performance, layoffs and downsizing should be specifically directed at implementing the human resource strategies of organizations. Unfortunately, however, the strategic considerations which should accompany the use of these tactics are often absent. Highlights

David C. Band; Charles M. Tustin

1995-01-01

69

Strategic Staffing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business and industry leaders do not flinch at the idea of placing top talent in struggling departments and divisions. This is not always the case in public education. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools made a bold statement to its community in its strategic plan by identifying two key reform levers--(1) an effective principal leading each school;…

Clark, Ann B.

2012-01-01

70

Strategic Implications of Solar Energy for Employment of Sheet Metal Workers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews the present situation and the future outlook for energy in the United States; identifies and evaluates solar and other energy related technological developments; evaluates probable impacts of solar energy on sheet metal work; and identi...

H. W. Brock G. R. Murray J. D. McConnell J. C. Snipes

1975-01-01

71

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve program was set into motion by the 1975 Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). By 1990, 590 million barrels of oil had been placed in storage. Salt domes along the Gulf Coast offered ideal storage. Both sweet'' and sour'' crude oil have been acquired using various purchase options. Drawdown, sale, and distribution of the oil would proceed according to guidelines set by EPCA in the event of a severe energy supply disruption. (SM)

Not Available

1991-01-01

72

Colonial Auto Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CEO of Carter Myers Automotive must consider his promotional plan for the coming summer. His company owned and operated three Virginia automotive dealerships: Colonial Auto Center in Charlottesville, Colonial Honda in Petersburg, and Heritage Chevrolet-Geo in Chester. Colonial was a multifranchise dealership featuring vehicles manugactured by Lincoln, Mercury, Cadillac, Buick, Pontiac, Nissan, Mitsubishi, suzuki cars, and GMC trucks. Several

Mark Parry

73

Strategic Warning--Strategic Myth.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Amidst the euphoria of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War came a realization that strategic warning of a Soviet or Warsaw Pact attack on Western Europe had increased from tens of hours or a few days to weeks or even months. However, n...

R. A. McCallum

1991-01-01

74

The hidden link: Energy and economic development: Phase 1, strategic planning: A guidebook for local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

This guidebook is organized in four major chapters. Chapter 1 examines the linkages between energy management and economic development on national and local levels. It discusses the multiplier effect of energy conservation and the effects of energy costs on the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. A discussion of other insidious effects of energy costs, such as building abandonment, is also

R. W. Zelinski; D. Rooney

1987-01-01

75

Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan discusses the current energy use on the Lac du Flambeau Reservation, the current status of the Tribe's energy program, as well as the issues and concerns with energy on the reservation. This plan also identifies and outlines energy opportunities, goals, and objectives for the Tribe to accomplish. The overall goal of this plan is to address the energy situation of the reservation in a holistic manner for the maximum benefit to the Tribe. This plan is an evolving document that will be re-evaluated as the Tribe's energy situation changes.

Bryan Hoover

2009-11-16

76

Strategic Energy Planning (Area 1) Consultants Reports to Citizen Potawatomi Nation Federally Recognized Indian Tribe  

SciTech Connect

The assets that Citizen Potawatomi Nation holds were evaluated to help define the strengths and weaknesses to be used in pursuing economic prosperity. With this baseline assessment, a Planning Team will create a vision for the tribe to integrate into long-term energy and business strategies. Identification of energy efficiency devices, systems and technologies was made, and an estimation of cost benefits of the more promising ideas is submitted for possible inclusion into the final energy plan. Multiple energy resources and sources were identified and their attributes were assessed to determine the appropriateness of each. Methods of saving energy were evaluated and reported on and potential revenue-generating sources that specifically fit the tribe were identified and reported. A primary goal is to create long-term energy strategies to explore development of tribal utility options and analyze renewable energy and energy efficiency options. Associated goals are to consider exploring energy efficiency and renewable economic development projects involving the following topics: (1) Home-scale projects may include construction of a home with energy efficiency or renewable energy features and retrofitting an existing home to add energy efficiency or renewable energy features. (2) Community-scale projects may include medium to large scale energy efficiency building construction, retrofit project, or installation of community renewable energy systems. (3) Small business development may include the creation of a tribal enterprise that would manufacture and distribute solar and wind powered equipment for ranches and farms or create a contracting business to include energy efficiency and renewable retrofits such as geothermal heat pumps. (4) Commercial-scale energy projects may include at a larger scale, the formation of a tribal utility formed to sell power to the commercial grid, or to transmit and distribute power throughout the tribal community, or hydrogen production, and propane and natural-gas distribution systems.

Smith, Marvin; Bose, James; Beier, Richard; Chang, Young Bae

2004-12-01

77

Strategic development and SWOT analysis of energy management contracting mode in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy shortage and energy waste have created a bottleneck in economic growth in China. The energy management contracting (EMC) provides a solution to overcome the difficulty. In this study, the mechanism and operation mode of EMC were investigated, and the development and application of EMC in China were analyzed with the SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) method. The

Wei Cai; Zhaohui Wu; Huang Wang; Jian Yang

2011-01-01

78

EMSL Strategic Plan 2008  

SciTech Connect

This Strategic Plan is EMSL’s template for achieving our vision of simultaneous excellence in all aspects of our mission as a national scientific user facility. It reflects our understanding of the long-term stewardship we must work toward to meet the scientific challenges of the Department of Energy and the nation. During the next decade, we will implement the strategies contained in this Plan, working closely with the scientific community, our advisory committees, DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research, and other key stakeholders. This Strategic Plan is fully aligned with the strategic plans of DOE and its Office of Science. We recognize that shifts in science and technology, national priorities, and resources made available through the Federal budget process create planning uncertainties and, ultimately, a highly dynamic planning environment. Accordingly, this Strategic Plan should be viewed as a living document for which we will continually evaluate changing needs and opportunities posed by our stakeholders (i.e., DOE, users, staff, advisory committees), work closely with them to understand and respond to those changes, and align our strategy accordingly.

Campbell, Allison A.

2008-08-15

79

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: United States energy security, oil politics, and petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The history of U.S. petroleum reserves policies in the twentieth century, including the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) program, provides a case study of the economic and political aspects of national security, and shows the ways in which the American political economy influences national security. One key problem plagued federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals throughout the twentieth century. In a political economy which traditionally placed strong emphasis upon the sanctity of private property and free markets, could the government develop an emergency petroleum reserve policy despite opposition from the private sector? Previous literature on the SPR and oil-stockpiling programs has largely disregarded the historical perspective, focusing instead upon econometric models, suggesting future oil-stockpiling policy options. This study will also make conclusions about the future of governmental oil-stockpiling policies, particularly with regard to the SPR program, but it will do so informed by a systematic history of the emergency petroleum reserve impulse in the twentieth century. Through a study of the emergency petroleum reserve impulse, one can see how the American political economy of oil and energy changed over the twentieth century. As petroleum became crucial to the military and then economic security of the United States, the federal government sought to develop emergency petroleum reserves first for the military, then for the civilian economy. But while the American petroleum industry could deliver the energy "goods" to American energy consumers at a reasonable price, the companies reigned supreme in the political equation. While that was true, federal petroleum reserve programs and proposals conflicted with and were overwhelmed by the historic American tradition of individual economic and private property rights. The depletion of American petroleum reserves changed that political equation, and the ensuing energy crises of the 1970s not only brought the issue of national energy autonomy into the realm of national security considerations, but also allowed for an unprecedented level of government intervention into the marketplace of oil and energy in peacetime. The federal government assumed the role of protecting and serving the interests of energy consumers, a role which had previously been the sole purview of the private sector. What resulted was a complex, chaotic, and controversial regulatory nightmare that highlighted the deficiencies of micro-management, and stoked the political momentum for deregulation in the 1980s, which continued into the 1990s. Gradually, government micro-management of the energy economy was abandoned. That left the SPR, a passive, market-conforming policy tool as the government's primary mechanism for combating energy crises. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Beaubouef, Bruce Andre

80

HEMOPOIETIC COLONY STUDIES  

PubMed Central

In heavily irradiated mice, bone marrow regeneration of either endogenous or exogenous origin was shown to occur in discrete foci comparable to the more intensively studied spleen colonies. The number of endogenous bone marrow colonies was inversely related to dose of whole body X-irradiation. Endogenous marrow colonies were found after higher doses of irradiation than were endogenous spleen colonies. Most of them were granulocytic in nature. Exogenous bone marrow colonies in lethally irradiated mice injected with bone marrow cells were proportional in number to the dose of cells injected, appeared at a time comparable to spleen colonies like which, at 7 or 8 days, they were of single differentiated cell line, either granuloid or erythroid or megakaryocytic, with a small percentage of "mixed" colonies. Whereas erythroid colonies outnumber granuloid colonies in spleen, either in situ or subcutaneously transplanted (E:G colony ratio of about 3.5), granuloid colonies outnumber erythroid in bone marrow (E:G colony ratio of about 0.7). The characteristic E:G colony ratios of spleen and marrow appear more likely to be the result of a hemopoietic organ stromal influence on pluripotent colony forming units (CFU's) than of selective lodgment of committed (unipotent) granuloid and erythroid CFU's in bone marrow and spleen, respectively, as indicated by the following. Bone marrow stem cells (CFU) which had reseeded the marrow cavity of irradiated primary recipients 18–24 hr earlier, were reharvested and retransplanted intravenously into irradiated secondary hosts. The E:G colony ratio of the colonies formed in the spleen of the secondary hosts was typical of primary spleen colonies (2.8), that of the colonies formed in the marrow cavity was typical of bone marrow colonies (0.6). Pieces of marrow stroma containing reseeded CPU's from the contralateral femur of these same primary recipients were implanted by trocar directly into the spleens of other irradiated secondary recipients. Those CPU's that developed in the intrasplenic-implanted marrow stroma yielded an. E:G colony ratio of 0.1. Those that migrated into the contiguous and remote portions of the spleen gave E:G colony ratios of 2.9 and 2.4, respectively. Irradiated marrow stroma and normal spleen CPU's (a 1 mm cube of spleen) were loaded into the same trocar and implanted directly into the spleens of irradiated mice. The spleen CFU's that migrated into the implanted marrow stroma yielded five granuloid and two mixed colonies. The larger number that developed in the host spleen yielded an E:G colony ratio of 2.9 or higher. Of those 19 mixed colonies that bridged the junction of spleen and implanted marrow stroma in each of the above two experiments, in every case, the erythroid portion of the colony was in the splenic stroma, the granuloid portion was in the marrow stroma.

Wolf, N. S.; Trentin, J. J.

1968-01-01

81

9.1 INDIA'S ENERGY SECURITY: THE STRATEGIC VERSUS ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geologists are of the view that the liquid gold vein passing through West Asia, the Caspian and Siberia tantalizingly bypasses the Indian sub-continent, although it is possible that there are significant gas reserves. Currently, natural gas accounts for 8 per cent of energy consumption. Even if recent domestic gas finds imply an increasing share for gas in India's energy basket,

Sudha Mahalingam

82

Thinking strategically.  

PubMed

Over the course of the past 20 years, human resources has tried a variety of strategic initiatives to add value to the working environment, from the alphabets of TQM, CQI, EVA, ROI, ISO, QS, Theory X, Y, Z, Generation X and Y to re-engineering, balanced scorecard, lean, hoshin, six sigma, to Margaret Wheatley's "The Simpler Way" and finally to cheese and fish. The problem is that none of these is a strategy. They are all tactics to accomplish or achieve a strategy. PMID:12355627

Goree, Michael

83

Energy Security in South Asia: Can Interdependence Breed Stability. (Strategic Forum. Number 232, September 2008).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

South Asia is projected to play a major role in global energy markets over the next several decades, with India alone expected to become the world's third largest importer of petroleum by 2030. Satisfying the region's growing demands will require a height...

J. McMillan

2008-01-01

84

Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

NE-KAMS knowledge base will assist computational analysts, physics model developers, experimentalists, nuclear reactor designers, and federal regulators by: (1) Establishing accepted standards, requirements and best practices for V&V and UQ of computational models and simulations, (2) Establishing accepted standards and procedures for qualifying and classifying experimental and numerical benchmark data, (3) Providing readily accessible databases for nuclear energy related experimental

Rich Johnson; Kimberlyn C. Mousseau; Hyung Lee

2011-01-01

85

Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nuclear Energy Computational Fluid Dynamics Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-CAMS) system is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Utah State University (USU), and other interested parties with the objective of developing and implementing a comprehensive and readily accessible data and information management system for

Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

2011-01-01

86

STRATEGIC SUPPLEMENTATION TO MEET DIGESTIBLE ENERGY NEEDS OF YEARLING CATTLE GRAZING BERMUDAGRASS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Bermudagrass [Cynodondactylon (L.) Pers.] is widely managed as grazed forage throughout the southeast USA, but cattle weight gain on the grass typically declines in the middle to late summer. This summer slump in animal performance has been associated with a reduction in digestible energy. Variabl...

87

The potential strategic, operating and environmental benefits of TVA's compressed air energy storage (CAES) program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tennessee Valley Authority is currently looking at compressed air energy storage (CAES), a new but mature technology, as a new capacity option. The technology is mature because all pieces\\/components have been in existence and use for over 50 years. The compressors are standard components for the gas industry, and the turbo expander and motor generator are standard components in

D. T. Bradshaw; J. E. Brewer

1992-01-01

88

Colonial American Astronomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

While a foundation of German scientific methods enabled the rapid growth of North American Astronomy in the nineteenth century, during the seventeenth and most of the eighteenth centuries, the colonial men of science looked only to the English mother country for scientific patronage and guidance. An essay on fundamental astronomy appeared in one of the annual colonial almanacs as early

Donald K. Yeomans

2007-01-01

89

Colonies of learning automata  

Microsoft Academic Search

Originally, learning automata (LAs) were introduced to describe human behavior from both a biological and psychological point of view. In this paper, we show that a set of interconnected LAs is also able to describe the behavior of an ant colony, capable of finding the shortest path from their nest to food sources and back. The field of ant colony

Katja Verbeeck; Ann Nowé

2002-01-01

90

Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy Computational Fluid Dynamics Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-CAMS) system is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Utah State University (USU), and other interested parties with the objective of developing and implementing a comprehensive and readily accessible data and information management system for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) verification and validation (V&V) in support of nuclear energy systems design and safety analysis. The two key objectives of the NE-CAMS effort are to identify, collect, assess, store and maintain high resolution and high quality experimental data and related expert knowledge (metadata) for use in CFD V&V assessments specific to the nuclear energy field and to establish a working relationship with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to develop a CFD V&V database, including benchmark cases, that addresses and supports the associated NRC regulations and policies on the use of CFD analysis. In particular, the NE-CAMS system will support the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Program, which aims to develop and deploy advanced modeling and simulation methods and computational tools for reliable numerical simulation of nuclear reactor systems for design and safety analysis. Primary NE-CAMS Elements There are four primary elements of the NE-CAMS knowledge base designed to support computer modeling and simulation in the nuclear energy arena as listed below. Element 1. The database will contain experimental data that can be used for CFD validation that is relevant to nuclear reactor and plant processes, particularly those important to the nuclear industry and the NRC. Element 2. Qualification standards for data evaluation and classification will be incorporated and applied such that validation data sets will result in well-defined, well-characterized data. Element 3. Standards will be established for the design and operation of experiments for the generation of new validation data sets that are to be submitted to NE-CAMS that addresses the completeness and characterization of the dataset. Element 4. Standards will be developed for performing verification and validation (V&V) to establish confidence levels in CFD analyses of nuclear reactor processes; such processes will be acceptable and recognized by both CFD experts and the NRC.

Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

2011-10-01

91

Strategic Eurasian Natural Gas Model for Energy Security (Revised 6 April 2011)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mathematical formulation of a large-scale equilibrium natural gas simulation model is presented. Although large-scale natural gas models have been developed and used for energy security and policy analysis quite extensively (e.g., Holz (2007), Egging et al. (2008), Holz et al. (2009) and Lise et al. (2008)), this model differs from earlier ones in its detailed representation of the structure

C. K. Chyong; B. F. Hobbs

2011-01-01

92

Strategic Evaluation of Research and Development into Embedded Energy Storage in Wind Power Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Embedded Energy Storage (EES) is an innovative idea presented in a previous paper. EES is associated with some major configurations\\u000a of wind power generation and rechargeable batteries. Areas for further research are identified, but before resources are committed\\u000a it is necessary to assess the likely benefits of ESS. In this paper, the technical and economic potential of the EES are

T. C. Yang; Lixiong Li

2010-01-01

93

Policing native pleasures: a colonial history.  

PubMed

The moral modality of colonial power is still with us when it comes to the recreation of sexual norms of traditional or feudal society. We can examine the emergent properties of colonial knowledge anew by exploring how the colonial regime's strategic attention of regulating brothels in India differed from the analytic of power Foucault described for sexuality in European society. It turns out that amongst other things, public anxieties about the failure of adaptation by South Asians are incapable of leaving sexuality aside as a key interpretive device for their culture. The British preoccupation with reproducing the dynamics of the bourgeois matrimonial market on foreign soil in the mid-nineteenth century similarly necessitated a sociological pretext for racial purity. However, the kind of knowledge a typical traveller and employee of the East India Company brought to the Victorian public from his own researches in the brothels and streets of colonial India, which revealed how popular prostitution was as a vice amongst the officer class, was also more than a welcome imaginary relief from Christian morality; it was an alternative vision of modernity. PMID:23240839

Jabbar, Naheem

2012-12-01

94

Test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bayou Choctaw cavern 17  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the cavern integrity test of Bayou Choctaw cavern 17 conducted between October 16 and December 30, 1985. This test included a nitrogen leak test of the single cavern entry well, 17, at near maximum operating pressure. Test results indicate a nitrogen loss rate of 840 bbl/yr. This leak rate can reasonable be assumed to correspond to an oil loss rate of 84 bbl/yr, compared to the Department of Energy loss limit goal of 100 bbl/yr. 4 refs., 13 figs.

Goin, K.L.; Buchanan, D.K.

1986-04-01

95

Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

SciTech Connect

NE-KAMS knowledge base will assist computational analysts, physics model developers, experimentalists, nuclear reactor designers, and federal regulators by: (1) Establishing accepted standards, requirements and best practices for V&V and UQ of computational models and simulations, (2) Establishing accepted standards and procedures for qualifying and classifying experimental and numerical benchmark data, (3) Providing readily accessible databases for nuclear energy related experimental and numerical benchmark data that can be used in V&V assessments and computational methods development, (4) Providing a searchable knowledge base of information, documents and data on V&V and UQ, and (5) Providing web-enabled applications, tools and utilities for V&V and UQ activities, data assessment and processing, and information and data searches. From its inception, NE-KAMS will directly support nuclear energy research, development and demonstration programs within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), including the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL), the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS), the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS), the Small Modular Reactors (SMR), and the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant (NGNP) programs. These programs all involve computational modeling and simulation (M&S) of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and it is envisioned that NE-KAMS will help to coordinate and facilitate collaboration and sharing of resources and expertise for V&V and UQ across these programs. In addition, from the outset, NE-KAMS will support the use of computational M&S in the nuclear industry by developing guidelines and recommended practices aimed at quantifying the uncertainty and assessing the applicability of existing analysis models and methods. The NE-KAMS effort will initially focus on supporting the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and thermal hydraulics (T/H) analysis for M&S of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and will later expand to include materials, fuel system performance and other areas of M&S as time and funding allow.

Rich Johnson; Kimberlyn C. Mousseau; Hyung Lee

2011-09-01

96

Strategic petroleum reserve annual report  

SciTech Connect

Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94- 163), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to submit annual reports to the President and the Congress on activities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). This report describes activities for the year ending December 31, 1995.

NONE

1996-02-15

97

The potential strategic, operating and environmental benefits of TVA's compressed air energy storage (CAES) program  

SciTech Connect

The Tennessee Valley Authority is currently looking at compressed air energy storage (CAES), a new but mature technology, as a new capacity option. The technology is mature because all pieces/components have been in existence and use for over 50 years. The compressors are standard components for the gas industry, and the turbo expander and motor generator are standard components in the utility business. The newness of the CAES technology is due to the integration of these components and the use of underground storage of air in porous media or possibly in abandoned mines. Although the integration of these components is new to the Untied States, they have been demonstrated in Germany for over 10 years in the 290 MWe CAES unit located in a salt cavern near Huntorf, Germany. The CAES unit has been very successful, operating with a 99% start-up reliability, and has been operated remotely.

Bradshaw, D.T.; Brewer, J.E. (TVA (US))

1992-01-01

98

Carbon Issues Task Force Report for the Idaho Strategic Energy Alliance  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Issues Task Force has the responsibility to evaluate emissions reduction and carbon offset credit options, geologic carbon sequestration and carbon capture, terrestrial carbon sequestration on forest lands, and terrestrial carbon sequestration on agricultural lands. They have worked diligently to identify ways in which Idaho can position itself to benefit from potential carbon-related federal legislation, including identifying opportunities for Idaho to engage in carbon sequestration efforts, barriers to development of these options, and ways in which these barriers can be overcome. These are the experts to which we will turn when faced with federal greenhouse gas-related legislation and how we should best react to protect and provide for Idaho’s interests. Note that the conclusions and recommended options in this report are not intended to be exhaustive, but rather form a starting point for an informed dialogue regarding the way-forward in developing Idaho energy resources.

Travis L. Mcling

2010-10-01

99

Strategic Innovation and the Administrative Heritage of East Asian Family Business Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the case of Chinese Family Business Groups (FBGs) in East Asia, this paper examines the relationship between the strategic behaviour exhibited by an organisational form and it's administrative heritage. To do so, we trace the origins of the strategic behaviour that scholars commonly attribute to FBGs to the environmental conditions prevailing during their emergence in the turbulent post-Colonial era

Michael Carney; Eric Gedajlovic

2003-01-01

100

Explore Colonial Boston  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Explore the town of Boston and its natural and human-made features in colonial times in this interactive activity produced by WGBH and featuring materials from the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2012-06-30

101

Universality in Bacterial Colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergent spatial patterns generated by growing bacterial colonies have been the focus of intense study in physics during\\u000a the last twenty years. Both experimental and theoretical investigations have made possible a clear qualitative picture of\\u000a the different structures that such colonies can exhibit, depending on the medium on which they are growing. However, there\\u000a are relatively few quantitative descriptions

Juan A. Bonachela; Carey D. Nadell; João B. Xavier; Simon A. Levin

2011-01-01

102

Ant colony optimization as a method for strategic genotype sampling.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A simulation study was carried out to develop an alternative method of selecting animals to be genotyped. Simulated pedigrees included 5000 animals, each assigned genotypes for a bi-allelic single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) based on assumed allelic frequencies of 0.7/ 0.3 and 0.5/0.5. In addition...

103

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Quarterly Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the second quarter of 1982, the Department of Energy continued to expand the storage capacity for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) and to take advantage of the favorable international oil market for the purchase of oil to fill the Reserve. The...

1982-01-01

104

Strategic Asia 2002 Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Strategic Asia Program made considerable progress over the course of 2002--the program's first year with support from the Department of Energy--and completed all its tasks on schedule and within budget. Following a planning meeting in Washington in February 2002, a team of leading specialists wrote a series of original assessments regarding the impact of September 11 on the strategic environment in Asia, examining how perceptions and strategies of countries in the region changed following the terrorist attacks. The final products, Strategic Asia 2002-03: Asian Aftershocks and its accompanying executive summary, were published in September 2002. The program's research findings (some of which are summarized) were presented to policymakers in Washington and elsewhere throughout the year, and almost 2,000 copies of the book had been distributed by mid-2003.

Richard Ellings; Aaron Friedberg; Michael Wills

2002-09-01

105

Strategic planning and competition  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses how to formulate a successful strategic plan in the face of competition from other electric utilities. Areas covered include reasons for plan failure, competitive simulations to test strategic plans, intelligence gathering, and cost reduction through reorganization.

Gang, W.G. (Tim D. Martin Associates, Herndon, VA (United States))

1994-02-01

106

How Strategic are Strategic Information Systems?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many examples of information systems which are claimed to have created and sustained competitive advantage, allowed beneficial collaboration or simply ensured the continued survival of the organisations which used them These systems are often referred to as being 'strategic'. This paper argues that many of the examples of strategic information systems as reported in the literature are not

Alan Eardley; Philip Powell

1996-01-01

107

Strategic Management or Strategic Planning for Defense.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes problems associated with strategic planning and strategic management within DoD. Authors offer a series of suggested reforms to enhance mono-level planning and management within DoD, primarily by closer ties with industry planning gr...

J. J. Tritten N. C. Roberts

1989-01-01

108

Strategic forces briefing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Forces Briefing'' is our attempt, accomplished over the past several months, to outline and highlight the more significant strategic force issues that must be addressed in the near future. Some issues are recurrent: the need for an effective modernized Triad and a constant concern for force survivability. Some issues derive from arms control: the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks

G. Bing; P. Chrzanowski; M. May; M. Nordyke

1989-01-01

109

Ant Colony Optimization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ant Colony Optimization project uses the behavior of ants as a model to solve optimization problems, such as how to minimize Internet traffic congestion. Several downloadable research papers are included on the project's homepage, as well as links to news stories, radio broadcasts, and conference proceedings about ant algorithms.

Dorigo, Marco

2008-01-04

110

Colonial American Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While a foundation of German scientific methods enabled the rapid growth of North American Astronomy in the nineteenth century, during the seventeenth and most of the eighteenth centuries, the colonial men of science looked only to the English mother country for scientific patronage and guidance. An essay on fundamental astronomy appeared in one of the annual colonial almanacs as early as 1656, telescopic observations were made about 1660 and the first original colonial astronomical work was published by Thomas Danforth on the comet of 1664. By 1671 the Copernican ideas were so espoused at Harvard College that a physics class refused to read a Ptolemaic textbook when it was assigned to them by a senior instructor. At least in the Cambridge-Boston area, contemporary colonialist had access to the most recent scientific publications from the mother country. Observations of the great comet of 1680 by the Almanac maker, John Foster, reached Isaac Newton and were used and gratefully acknowledged in his Principia. During the seventeenth century the colonial interest in astronomy was more intense than it was for other sciences but colonists still occupied a position in the scientific backwater when compared with contemporary European scientists. Nevertheless, the science of astronomy was successfully transplanted from England to North America in the seventeenth century.

Yeomans, Donald K.

2007-12-01

111

Colonialism, genocide, and Tibet  

Microsoft Academic Search

A central element of the narrative circulated by the Tibet Movement has been that China has carried out genocide and practised colonialism in Tibet. These notions are, for the most part, uncritically accepted by politicians and the media, especially in the West. This essay challenges such characterizations as inept and as obstacles to resolving the Tibet Question. It looks at

Barry Sautman

2006-01-01

112

The Colonial Inheritance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the American nation developed through periods of rapid change and great cultural diversity, the American public school system served as a primary souce of national unity. The roots of comprehensive public education in America can be traced to the educational system developed by 17th century Puritan colonials. Although one of the central…

Allen, Jack

113

Universality in Bacterial Colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The emergent spatial patterns generated by growing bacterial colonies have been the focus of intense study in physics during the last twenty years. Both experimental and theoretical investigations have made possible a clear qualitative picture of the different structures that such colonies can exhibit, depending on the medium on which they are growing. However, there are relatively few quantitative descriptions of these patterns. In this paper, we use a mechanistically detailed simulation framework to measure the scaling exponents associated with the advancing fronts of bacterial colonies on hard agar substrata, aiming to discern the universality class to which the system belongs. We show that the universal behavior exhibited by the colonies can be much richer than previously reported, and we propose the possibility of up to four different sub-phases within the medium-to-high nutrient concentration regime. We hypothesize that the quenched disorder that characterizes one of these sub-phases is an emergent property of the growth and division of bacteria competing for limited space and nutrients.

Bonachela, Juan A.; Nadell, Carey D.; Xavier, João B.; Levin, Simon A.

2011-07-01

114

Colonial Variation in Actinobacillus Mallei.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An examination of colonies of 51 strains of Actinobacillus mallei grown on a complex agar medium containing heart infusion broth, yeast extract, glucose, and glycerol indicated a high degree of heterogeneity in respect of colonial morphology both within a...

D. H. Evans

1965-01-01

115

Recent Honey Bee Colony Declines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the recent sharp decline in U.S. honey bee colonies, which scientists are now calling the Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). This phenomenon first became apparent among commercial migratory beekeepers along the East Coast during the last...

R. Johnson

2007-01-01

116

Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Starting in late 2006, commercial migratory beekeepers along the East Coast of the United States began reporting sharp declines in their honey bee colonies. Because of the severity and unusual circumstances of these colony declines, scientists named this ...

R. Johnson

2010-01-01

117

Strategic Petroleum Reserve annual/quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

During 1992 the Department continued planning activities for the expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to one billion barrels. A draft Environmental Impact Statement for the five candidate sites was completed in October 1992, and a series of public hearings was held during December 1992. Conceptual design engineering activities, life cycle cost estimates and geotechnical studies to support the technical requirements for an Strategic Petroleum Reserve Plan Amendment were essentially completed in December 1992. At the end of 1992, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil inventory was 574.7 million barrels and an additional 1.7 million barrels was in transit to the Reserve. During 1992 approximately 6.2 million barrels of crude oil were acquired for the Reserve. A Department of Energy Tiger Team Environmental, Safety and Health (ES&H) Assessment was conducted at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve from March 9 through April 10, 1992. In general, the Tiger Team found that Strategic Petroleum Reserve activities do not pose undue environmental, safety or health risks. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve`s Final Corrective Action Plan, prepared in response to the Tiger Team assessment, was submitted for Department approval in December 1992. On November 18, 1992, the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy selected DynMcDennott Petroleum Operations Company to provide management and operating services for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve for a period of 5 years commencing April 1, 1993. DynMcDermott will succeed Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc.

Not Available

1993-02-16

118

Images of Colonialism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The history of colonialism is a compelling one, and it can be narrated through first-hand documents such as journals, drawings, or photographs. This particular digital collection from the Harvard College Library contains more than 700 images which offer insight into European perspectives on how popular perceptions of Asia and Africa were created and disseminated. The collection is primarily made up of late-19th and early-20th century trade cards and illustrated European newspapers. Visitors can use the collection to draw contrasts between colonial powers, such as the French, the British and the Dutch. First-time visitors will want to dive right into the collection, and the image viewer offered here allows visitors to zoom in for a closer look. While all of the items here are quite worthy, users shouldn't miss the cards created for the Liebig's Extract of Meat Company or the views of Bangkok.

119

Strategic air defense  

SciTech Connect

The increasing Soviet air-breathing threat to the United States and the realization that the ballistic missile threat may be reduced by arms control or technology has resulted in an in-depth strategic air defense for the United States and its allies. Strategic Air Defense examines the roles and weapons that future air defense systems might involve and how they fit into the development of broader strategic policies and programs.

Thompson, L.B.

1988-01-01

120

Strategic planning for neuroradiologists.  

PubMed

Strategic planning is becoming essential to neuroradiology as the health care environment continues to emphasize cost efficiency, teamwork and collaboration. A strategic plan begins with a mission statement and vision of where the neuroradiology division would like to be in the near future. Formalized strategic planning frameworks, such as the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), and the Balanced Scorecard frameworks, can help neuroradiology divisions determine their current position in the marketplace. Communication, delegation, and accountability in neuroradiology is essential in executing an effective strategic plan. PMID:22902108

Berlin, Jonathan W; Lexa, Frank J

2012-08-01

121

Fever in honeybee colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Honeybees, Apis spp., maintain elevated temperatures inside their nests to accelerate brood development and to facilitate defense against predators. We present an additional defensive function of elevating nest temperature: honeybees generate a brood-comb fever in response to colonial infection by the heat-sensitive pathogen Ascosphaera apis. This response occurs before larvae are killed, suggesting that either honeybee workers detect the infection before symptoms are visible, or that larvae communicate the ingestion of the pathogen. This response is a striking example of convergent evolution between this "superorganism" and other fever-producing animals.

Starks, P. T.; Blackie, Caroline A.; Seeley, Thomas D.

122

The Colony of Jamestown  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learn who came over to Jamestown and why they came in the first place! First watch a video about why people came to the Americas: A video that explains why people came to the Americas in the first place Then once they got there, lets find out who was in Jamestown (click on Jamestown on the left hand side): Early American colonization Make sure you read up about the history of Jamestown: History of Jamestown and if thats confusion for you, here's another video: Video about the colony of Jamestown Once ...

Shaul, Ms.

2009-06-10

123

Strategizing in industrial networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the implications for strategizing offered by an industrial network perspective and a comparison of this view with strategic management thinking. We argue that it is crucial for a company to relate its activities to those of other firms in order to enhance its performance, and it is through the continuous combining and recombining of

Lars-Erik Gadde; Lars Huemer; Håkan Håkansson

2003-01-01

124

China and Strategic Culture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author examines the impact of strategic culture on 21st century China. He contends that the People's Republic of China's security policies and its tendency to use military force are influenced not only by elite understandings of China's own strategic ...

A. Scobell

2002-01-01

125

Defining Strategic Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the nature of strategic communication, which is defined as the purposeful use of communication by an organization to fulfill its mission. Six relevant disciplines are involved in the development, implementation, and assessment of communications by organizations: management, marketing, public relations, technical communication, political communication, and information\\/social marketing campaigns. The nature of the term strategic is examined, and

Kirk Hallahan; Derina Holtzhausen; Betteke van Ruler; Dejan Ver?i?; Krishnamurthy Sriramesh

2007-01-01

126

The Strategic Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To add a foundation to the growing excitement among educators about the central role they play in helping learners become strategic readers, the articles in this thematic journal provide insight into current reading theory and practice. Richard Telfer's article reviews research on strategic reading and clarifies what is meant by the phrase…

Devine, James T., Ed.; And Others

1986-01-01

127

The PVCC Strategic Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents Piedmont Virginia Community College's (PVCC's) strategic plan. Contains the following chapters: (1) introduction; (2) statement of mission; (3) summary of the college's strategic initiatives: funding, organization, faculty and staff, curriculum and instruction, enrollment management, students and student services, facilities, technology,…

Piedmont Virginia Community Coll., Charlottesville, VA.

128

Colony Shale Oil project  

SciTech Connect

For many years, the oil shale boom in W. Colorado has been just around the corner. The Colony Shale Oil Project is a joint development of the Oil Shale Corp. and Exxon Corp. The Colony operation is located in Garfield County in NW Colorado. To support the plant, it will be necessary to produce 66,000 tons/day of oil shale from a conventional room-and-pillar mine. The shale will be hauled from the mine and crushed to -9 in. (229mm). The coarse ore then will be transported to the secondary crushing station where it will be further reduced to -1/2 in. (13 mm). The finely crushed shale will enter 6 Tosco II retorts, each capable of processing 11,000 tons/day. When heated to 900 F (482 C) in the pyrolysis drum, the kerogen vaporizes and is separated from the spent shale. The oil shale vapors then are condensed, fractionated, and upgraded by hydrotreating before entering a pipeline to be transported to a conventional refinery.

Hayes, L.D.

1982-05-01

129

Colony image acquisition and segmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For counting of both colonies and plaques, there is a large number of applications including food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing, AMES testing, pharmaceuticals, paints, sterile fluids and fungal contamination. Recently, many researchers and developers have made efforts for this kind of systems. By investigation, some existing systems have some problems. The main problems are image acquisition and image segmentation. In order to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed as: the box includes front lightning and back lightning, which can be selected by users based on properties of colony dishes. With the illumination box, lightning can be uniform; colony dish can be put in the same place every time, which make image processing easy. The developed colony image segmentation algorithm consists of the sub-algorithms: (1) image classification; (2) image processing; and (3) colony delineation. The colony delineation algorithm main contain: the procedures based on grey level similarity, on boundary tracing, on shape information and colony excluding. In addition, a number of algorithms are developed for colony analysis. The system has been tested and satisfactory.

Wang, W. X.

2007-12-01

130

Carlsbad Area Office strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Carlsbad Area Office Strategic Plan captures the U.S. Department of Energy`s new focus, and supercedes the edition issued previously in 1995. This revision reflects a revised strategy designed to demonstrate compliance with environmental regulations earlier than the previous course of action; and a focus on the selected combination of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives, and waste acceptance criteria for supporting the compliance applications. An overview of operations and historical aspects of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico is presented.

NONE

1995-10-01

131

Redox control in development and evolution: evidence from colonial hydroids  

PubMed

Redox chemistry, involving the transfer of electrons and hydrogen atoms, is central to energy conversion in respiration, and the control of gene expression by redox state commonly occurs in bacteria, allowing rapid responses to environmental changes, for instance, in the food supply. Colonial metazoans often encrust surfaces over which the food supply varies in time or space; hence, in these organisms, redox control of the development of feeding structures and gastrovascular connections could be similarly adaptive, allowing colonies to adjust the timing and spacing of structures in response to a variable food supply. To investigate the possibility of redox control of colony development, the redox states of hydractiniid hydroid colonies were manipulated experimentally. As in many colonial animals, hydractiniid hydroids display a range of morphological variation from sheet-like forms (i.e. closely spaced polyps with high rates of stolon branching) to runner-like forms (i. e. widely spaced polyps with low rates of stolon branching). In the runner-like Podocoryna carnea, azide, a blocker of the electron transport chain, and dinitrophenol, an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, diminished the largely polyp-driven gastrovascular flow to a similar extent. Measures of the redox state of the polyp epitheliomuscular cells using the fluorescence of NAD(P)H suggest that azide shifts the redox state in the direction of reduction, while dinitrophenol shifts the redox state in the direction of oxidation. Colony development corresponds to redox state in that azide-treated colonies were more runner-like, while dinitrophenol-treated colonies were more sheet-like. Nevertheless, the functional role of polyps in feeding and generating gastrovascular flow probably contributed to a trade-off between polyp number and size such that azide-treated colonies had few large polyps, while dinitrophenol-treated colonies had many small polyps. Regardless of the treatment, P. carnea colonies developed to maturity and produced swimming medusae in the normal fashion. In the sheet-like Hydractinia symbiolongicarpus, treatment with azide resulted in complete suppression of the development of both the stolonal mat and the blastostyles, the reproductive polyps. Azide-treated H. symbiolongicarpus colonies therefore developed in a juvenilized, runner-like manner and much resembled colonies of P. carnea. Following cessation of azide treatment in H. symbiolongicarpus, normal colony development ensued, and both a stolonal mat and blastostyles formed. In both hydroid species, relative oxidization favors sheet-like growth, while relative reduction favors runner-like growth. Since feeding triggers strong contractions of polyp epitheliomuscular cells and results in relative oxidation, this experimental evidence supports the hypothesis of adaptive redox control of colony development and evolution. PMID:10574731

Blackstone

1999-12-01

132

10 CFR 76.113 - Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material-Category I. 76.113 Section 76.113 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED...Formula quantities of strategic special nuclear materialâCategory I. (a)...

2013-01-01

133

Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Energy Administration proposes to implement the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Title I, Part B of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163). The purpose of the Reserve is to mitigate the economic impacts of any future interrup...

1976-01-01

134

STRATNET: Strategic Studies Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Calgary's Strategic Studies Program developed STRATNET to provide a network of research resources germane to the study of international relations, security, and politics. STRATNET includes three main sections: StratChat, an interactive discussion forum; StratLink, a well-organized collection of hundreds of annotated strategic studies pointers; and StratJournal, which contains a multidisciplinary online journal entitled STRATNET. In addition, the site provides information about the fellows and the outreach projects of the Strategic Studies Program at the University of Calgary.

135

The Colonial Echo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The College of William & Mary is one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the United States, and they have a rich history interwoven with the history of the U.S. and the state of Virginia. Recently, they have begun adding a wide range of institutional documents to their digital archive. This section of the site features The Colonial Echo, which has served as the student yearbook of the College since 1899. The yearbook includes information about student groups and activities, campus events, scenes of campus, and materials on university administrators. The digitization project was made possible via funds from Professor Emeriti Richard Sherman and Armand Galfo. These unique documents capture moments of college frivolity, seriousness of purpose, and gravitas.

2012-01-13

136

Developing skills in strategic transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers strategic transformation and how organisations can learn to become better at strategically transforming themselves over time. Two case studies are considered, Marks & Spencer and Intel, and these provide two contrasting examples of how organisations can either be reactive or proactive in managing strategic transformation. The article argues that in order for strategic transformation to become an

Gary J. Stockport

2000-01-01

137

- Ancient Hawaiian life vs Colonial life-  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today we are going to research about the 13 colonies. Here are the things you will be learning about: What were the first 13 colonies? What year was each colony discovered? Who discovered each colony? Compare and contrast life in colonial days with life in ancient Hawaii.

Mr.Haiola, Mr. Asahara, Mrs Abiva, Ms. Hamada

2011-02-09

138

Student Discipline in Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basis for the severe discipline imposed on school children in colonial America, especially in the Puritan colonies, was the belief in original sin. The child was regarded as being born in sin and thus depraved and prone to sin. The purpose of education was to enable children to read the Bible and thus change the behavior which otherwise would…

Petry, John R.

139

Colony collapse disorder in Europe.  

PubMed

Colony collapse disorder (CCD) is a condition of honey bees, which has contributed in part to the recent major losses of honey bee colonies in the USA. Here we report the first CCD case from outside of the USA. We suggest that more standardization is needed for the case definition to diagnose CCD and to compare data on a global scale. PMID:23757238

Dainat, Benjamin; Vanengelsdorp, Dennis; Neumann, Peter

2011-12-29

140

TVA Strategic Analysis Model: Its Structure and Uses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The TVA Strategic Analysis Model (SAM) is a long-range planning model that is used to assist the Tennessee Valley Authority in its total energy planning and analysis. The model represents, in considerable detail, energy supply, distribution, and consumpti...

R. G. Tessmer

1985-01-01

141

Ammonia emissions from seabird colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ammonia emissions were measured from two entire seabird colonies with contrasting species assemblages, to ascertain the ammonia volatilisation potentials among seabird species in relation to their nesting behaviour. Emissions were calculated from downwind plume measurements of ammonia concentration using both inverse dispersion and tracer ratio methods. Measured colony emissions ranged 1-90 kg NH3 hour-1, and equated to 16 and 36% volatilization of excreted nitrogen for colonies dominated by ground/burrow nesting and bare rock nesting birds, respectively. The results were applied in a bioenergetics model with a global seabird database. Seabird colonies are found to represent the largest point sources of ammonia globally (up to ~6 Gg NH3 colony-1 year-1). Moreover the largest emissions occur mainly in remote environments with otherwise low NH3 emissions. These ammonia ``hot spots'' explain significant perturbations of the nitrogen cycle in these regions and add ~20% to oceanic ammonia emissions south of latitude 45°S.

Blackall, Trevor D.; Wilson, Linda J.; Theobald, Mark R.; Milford, Celia; Nemitz, Eiko; Bull, Jennifer; Bacon, Philip J.; Hamer, Keith C.; Wanless, Sarah; Sutton, Mark A.

2007-05-01

142

Leading Strategic Leader Teams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Strategic leaders of the 21st Century face the daunting task of operating and making decisions in a world consisting of exponential population growth, competition over scarce resources, world-wide economic interdependence, technological innovation, and om...

W. M. Burleson

2008-01-01

143

Strategic Issues for Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contains precis of 18 articles on strategic management issues, including management development, on-the-job training, corporate scholarship, educational technology, coaching, investing in intellectual capital, and knowledge management. (SK)|

Pollitt, David, Ed.

1999-01-01

144

Strategic Defense in Transition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Possible objectives and programs for strategic defense include third-country, accidental, or unauthorized launches; limited attacks; initial military threats; and defense value. Their essential features, technologies, and developmental programs are review...

G. H. Canavan

1988-01-01

145

United States Strategic Culture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The notion that there is a connection between a society and its strategic culture has a long and distinguished pedigree. In his history of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides records that the Spartan king Archidamus and the Athenian strategos Pericles each ...

T. G. Mahnken

2006-01-01

146

Strategic Price Rigidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how costly price adjustment and strategic interaction may cause a leader-follower configuration to arise. While most imperfect models predict that price-setters will synchronize their moves, we show that leadership generates stable staggering.

L-M Granero

1996-01-01

147

The Evolving Strategic Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As one scans the horizon of probable futures, it is often possible to identify certain factors which may be termed strategic. These factors serve both to offer opportunities for national policy decisions and to delineate limits of possible national action...

R. Kennedy D. S. Papp

1979-01-01

148

Scientific research and Portuguese colonial policy: developments and articulations, 1936-1974.  

PubMed

The development of a colonial scientific policy by the Portuguese state in the twentieth century is investigated by studying the Junta de Investigações do Ultramar. Directly subordinated to the Ministério das Colônias/do Ultramar and based in Lisbon, this entity's main attribute was to coordinate the scientific studies to be undertaken in colonial territories under Portuguese rule. The aim is to identify the institution's origins and objectives, to understand how its activities tied in with colonial policies, to detect what impacts the international scenario had on its trajectory and its strategic options. Special attention is given to the period that started after the Second World War, which was aligned with the mirage of development and reacted against the progress of the anti-colonial movement. PMID:22872386

Castelo, Cláudia

2012-06-01

149

Guidelines for strategic planning  

SciTech Connect

Strategic planning needs to be done as one of the integral steps in fulfilling our overall Departmental mission. The role of strategic planning is to assure that the longer term destinations, goals, and objectives which the programs and activities of the Department are striving towards are the best we can envision today so that our courses can then be set to move in those directions. Strategic planning will assist the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, and Under Secretary in setting the long-term directions and policies for the Department and in making final decisions on near-term priorities and resource allocations. It will assist program developers and implementors by providing the necessary guidance for multi-year program plans and budgets. It is one of the essential steps in the secretary's Strategic Planning Initiative. The operational planning most of us are so familiar with deals with how to get things done and with the resources needed (people, money, facilities, time) to carry out tasks. Operating plans like budgets, capital line item projects, R D budgets, project proposals, etc., are vital to the mission of the Department. They deal, however, with how to carry out programs to achieve some objective or budget assumption. Strategic planning deals with the prior question of what it is that should be attempted. It deals with what objectives the many programs and activities of the Department of Department should be striving toward. The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to those organizations and personnel starting the process for the first time as well as those who have prepared strategic plans in the past and now wish to review and update them. This guideline should not be constructed as a rigid, restrictive or confining rulebook. Each organization is encouraged to develop such enhancements as they think may be useful in their planning. The steps outlined in this document represent a very simplified approach to strategic planning. 9 refs.

Not Available

1991-07-01

150

Stories, skulls, and colonial collections.  

PubMed

The essay explores the hypothesis of colonial collecting processes involving the active addition of the colonial context and historical past to museum objects through the production of short stories. It examines the emergent historicity of collections through a focus on the "histories" that museum workers and colonial agents have been attaching to scientific collections of human skulls. Drawing on the notions of collection trajectory and historiographical work, it offers an alternative perspective from which to approach the creation of singular histories and individual archives for objects in collections. PMID:22371979

Roque, Ricardo

2011-01-01

151

2000 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Strength through Science Powering the 21st Century  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy conducts programs relating to energy resources, national nuclear security, environmental quality, and science. In each of these areas, the US is facing significant challenges. Our economic well-being depends on the continuing availability of reliable and affordable supplies of clean energy. Our Nation's security is threatened by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Our environment is under threat from the demands a more populated planet and the legacies of 20th-century activities. Science and the technology derived from it offer the promise to improve the Nation's health and well-being and broadly expand human knowledge. In conducting its programs, the Department of Energy (DOE) employs unique scientific and technical assets, including 30,000 scientists, engineers, and other technical staff, in a complex of outstanding national laboratories that have a capital value of over $45 billion. Through its multidisciplinary research and development activities and its formidable assemblage of scientific and engineering talent, DOE focuses its efforts on four programmatic business lines: (1) Energy Resources--promoting the development and deployment of systems and practices that provide energy that is clean, efficient, reasonably priced, and reliable. (2) National Nuclear Security--enhancing national security through military application of nuclear technology and by reducing global danger from the potential spread of weapons of mass destruction. (3) Environmental Quality--cleaning up the legacy of nuclear weapons and nuclear research activities, safely managing nuclear materials, and disposing of radioactive wastes. (4) Science--advancing science and scientific tools to provide the foundation for DOE's applied missions and to provide remarkable insights into our physical and biological world. In support of the above four business lines, DOE provides management services to ensure that the technical programs can run efficiently. Our Corporate Management area deals with organizational and management challenges that we must address to better serve our customers, and ultimately, U.S. taxpayers, in an effective and efficient manner. Within Corporate Management, we strive for excellence in the Department's environment, safety, and health practices, together with effective management systems and efficient business practices.

None,

2000-09-01

152

Greening the Department of Energy through waste prevention, recycling, and Federal acquisition. Strategic plan to implement Executive Order 13101  

SciTech Connect

This Plan provides strategies and milestones to implement Executive Order 13101, Greening the Government Through Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Federal Acquisition, and to achieve the new Secretarial goals for 2005 and 2010. It serves as the principal Secretarial guidance to Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters, Field Offices, and laboratory and contractor staff to improve sanitary waste prevention, recycling, and the purchase and use of recycled content and environmentally preferable products and services in the DOE.

None

2000-11-01

153

Multiple objective ant colony optimisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple Objective Optimisation is a fast growing area of research, and consequently several Ant Colony Optimisation approaches\\u000a have been proposed for a variety of these problems. In this paper, a taxonomy for Multiple Objective Ant Colony Optimisation\\u000a algorithms is proposed and many existing approaches are reviewed and described using the taxonomy. The taxonomy offers guidelines\\u000a for the development and use

Daniel Angus; Clinton Woodward

2009-01-01

154

Classics of American Colonial History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Dinsmore Documentation, Classics of American Colonial History is a research database consisting of scholarly books and articles on American colonial history that, according to the creators, "appear to be of continuing interest." The collection currently offers 22 source materials by 15 different authors. Browseable by author or subject, the collection contains subject categories including Administration, African Americans and Slavery, Economics and Trade, Immigration from Europe, Law, Native Americans, Politics, Religion, and Wars.

155

Strategic Representations, Territory and Border Areas: Latin America and Global Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Latin America, post–Cold War ideas about defence and security broke down geopolitical logics that had been historically accepted by Latin American armed forces. These ideas also provoked a partial downfall of one component of their traditional strategic representations: This geopolitical determinism explained post-colonial conflicts as being due to historical influences and to disputes about power and territory. Paradoxically, national

Edgardo A. Manero

2007-01-01

156

FY 2001 Hanford Waste Management Strategic Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are pleased to present the 2001 Hanford Waste Management Program Strategic Plan. This plan supports the newly developed U. S. Department of Energy Site outcomes strategy. The 2001 Plan reflects current and projected needs for Waste Management Program services in support of Hanford Site cleanup, and updates the objectives and actions using new waste stream oriented logic for the

2001-01-01

157

Synthetic Fuel Technologies as Strategic Pathways  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for increasing amounts of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons, all over the world, states in a pressing way the problem of turning to new nontraditional energy sources and forms. This article analyzes and discusses the global and strategic value of the technologies suitable for exploiting, on a large scale, oil shales, tar sands, and coals, in order to get

GIANCARLO BARBIROLI; PALMIRA MAZZARACCHIO

1995-01-01

158

Developing ''strategic support systems'' for electric utility strategic planning  

SciTech Connect

The continued improvement of strategic planning processes in electric utilities is of utmost importance, given their increasingly complex dynamic markets. Progress will be blocked unless electric utilities begin developing and integrating other organizational systems within their strategic planning processes to create ''strategic support systems.'' This article describes three dimensions for assessing the stage of development, discusses several major support systems, and notes the stage of development in strategic planning recently found within the industry.

McCann, J.E.

1986-01-01

159

Strategic thinking versus strategic planning: towards understanding the complementarities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an environment characterised by flux and uncertainty, a capacity for innovative, divergent strategic thinking rather than conservative, convergent strategic planning is seen as central to creating and sustaining competitive advantage. As the case study of Communications Co. illustrates, scenario planning is one tool that many organisations, committed to redesigning their strategic planning processes, are using with some success. However,

Fiona Graetz

2002-01-01

160

Effects of strategic human resource management on strategic vision  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is pertinent for organizations that operate in a highly competitive environment to pursue a strategic vision. This study explores the effects of strategic human resource management (SHRM) on the implementation of a strategic vision. Other constructs of importance in the model include leadership, commitment and organizational structure. A total of 400 questionnaires were sent by mail to organizations of

Peifen Chong

1999-01-01

161

Strategic defense requirements for progressive applications  

SciTech Connect

A companion paper discusses various applications for which strategic defense concepts could be used. The applications form a progression in size and complexity from accidental or unauthorized launches, through third country or subnational threats, to limited or strategic exchanges. This report attempts to quantify the requirements for meeting those applications and to assess the maturity of current strategic defense concepts relative to them, concluding that there are adequate interceptors for all of them, but that sensitivities to uncertainties in discrimination are awkward at all levels and bothersome at the high end. Strategic defenses are applicable to a progression of threats that range from accidental or unauthorized launches, through third country or subnational threats, to limited or strategic exchanges. Technologies exist for long range launches, but launches close to shore are feasible, stressing, and favor the attacker. Space based interceptors are suited to meeting the bulk of the launches; directed energy has significant advantages in reducing the threat to manageable levels. Current interceptor concepts appear adequate, but discrimination is both pivotal and delayed. 38 refs., 10 figs.

Canavan, G.H.; Browne, J.C.

1991-03-01

162

Sources and Information: Strategic Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an annotated bibliography of ERIC documents on strategic management, with emphasis on institutional responses to change, the role of the administrator in strategic management, budgeting and financial management, and institutional planning. (DMM)

Palmer, Jim

1983-01-01

163

Next Generation Strategic Submarine Navigator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For the last forty-five years, Strategic Systems Programs (SSP) has been entrusted with total life cycle responsibility for the United States and the Royal (United Kingdom) Navy's Strategic Submarine (SSBN) launched ballistic missile weapons systems. SSP'...

M. J. Ringlein N. J. Barnett M. B. May

2000-01-01

164

New Computational Model from Ant Colony  

Microsoft Academic Search

The computational model from life system has become a main intelligent algorithm. Ant colony algorithm is a new computational model from mimic the swarm intelligence of ant colony behavior. And it is a very good combination optimization method. To extend the ant colony algorithm, some continuous ant colony algorithms have been proposed. To improve the searching performance, the principles of

Gao Wei

2007-01-01

165

Secondary Colony Formation by Lactobacillus casei  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In addition to R outgrowths, strains of Lactobacillus casei growing on a carbohydrate-free medium also formed smooth secondary colonies situated on the primary colonies. These secondary colonies arose after about 6 days of incubation and were of two types : when centrally situated they formed papillae; when near the margin of the mother colony they often spilt over and

H. C. De Klerk; J. N. Coetzee

1962-01-01

166

Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

Brewer, Jeffrey D.

2005-11-01

167

Strategic orientation of niche firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to better understand how strategic orientation guides the marketing strategy and marketing efforts of niche firms, by addressing the questions of which strategic orientation niche firms apply and how managers in niche firms handle the potential problems associated with different strategic orientations. Based on these findings, managerial implications are discussed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

Kjell Toften; Trond Hammervoll

2010-01-01

168

Being Strategic in HE Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The call to be strategic--and with it the concept of strategic management--can bring to mind a wide range of definitions, and there is now a huge array of academic literature supporting the different schools of thought. At a basic level, however, strategic thinking is probably most simply about focusing on the whole, rather than the part. In…

West, Andrew

2008-01-01

169

Strategic Planning and Financial Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strong financial management is a strategy for strategic planning success in student affairs. It is crucial that student affairs professionals understand the necessity of linking their strategic planning with their financial management processes. An effective strategic planner needs strong financial management skills to implement the plan over…

Conneely, James F.

2010-01-01

170

The Possibilities of Strategic Finance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic finance is aligning financial decisions--regarding revenues, creating and maintaining institutional assets, and using those assets--with the institution's mission and strategic plan. The concept known as "strategic finance" increasingly is being seen as a useful perspective for helping boards and presidents develop a sustainable…

Chaffee, Ellen

2010-01-01

171

Strategic management of population programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Formal strategic planning and management appear to contribute to organizational effectiveness. The author surveys the literature on strategic management in private\\/for-profit organizations and applies lessons from that literature to population programs. Few would argue that population programs would not benefit from strategic planning and management, but it would be inadvisable to initiate the process when the organization is faced with

Michael H. Bernhart

1992-01-01

172

Being Strategic in HE Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The call to be strategic--and with it the concept of strategic management--can bring to mind a wide range of definitions, and there is now a huge array of academic literature supporting the different schools of thought. At a basic level, however, strategic thinking is probably most simply about focusing on the whole, rather than the part. In…

West, Andrew

2008-01-01

173

Strategic management of technostress  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article proposes the concept of technostress and makes a strong recommendation for conducting research based on key researchable hypotheses. A conceptual framework of technostress is suggested to provide some focus to future research. A number of technostress management strategies are put forward, including strategic technological planning, organization culture development, technostress monitoring systems, and technouser self-development programs. The management of

Denis H. J. Caro; Amarjit S. Sethi

1985-01-01

174

Strategic Marketing for Presidents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to inform the marketing efforts of community college presidents, this document describes the importance of marketing, presents a targeted approach, and outlines the specific roles and skills needed by the president to ensure successful efforts and effective institutions. The first chapter, "Developing a Marketing-Strategic Plan," by…

Pappas, Richard J., Ed.

175

Making Strategic Analysis Matter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research was conducted for the organization formerly known as the Long-Range Analysis Unit -- now called the Strategic Futures Group -- of the National Intelligence Council (NIC). Its aim is to concentrate on consumers of intelligence and ask how the...

G. F. Treverton J. J. Ghez

2012-01-01

176

Strategic Leader and Despair.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

While many threats confront strategic leaders, none is more lethal than the internal threat of despair that leads to suicide. Future leaders need an in-depth understanding of the complexity of suicide. The seeds of suicide are: First, personality developm...

D. S. McLeroy

1997-01-01

177

Nuclear winter: strategic significance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author notes that it is too soon to assess what influence the global climatic effects of fires started by a nuclear war should have on targeting policy, weapons acquisition, arms control policy, and other strategic matters. Some aspects of the situation, however, are already clear, and he discusses four of them: (1) if the smoke does produce a serious

2009-01-01

178

Strategically Planning to Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Higher education, like the private sector, is searching for innovative ways to respond to demographic shifts, globalization, greater accountability, and new technologies. New organizational models are needed to meet these challenges. In a rapidly changing world, the development of such models can occur through effective strategic analysis and…

Atkins, Kemal

2010-01-01

179

Strategic Perspectives on Brazil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

From the examination of Brazilian strategic factors, it is possible to conclude that Brazil as the Teenager country that is, has arrived at the point of its existence when a great future can be foreseen, but doesn't known yet the exact way to get there. I...

S. E. Conforto

1987-01-01

180

The Strategic Assessment Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents six papers focusing on the application of the strategic assessment model (SAM) to the management of higher education facilities. The papers are part of an ongoing effort by the Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers to provide comparative cost and staffing information and to develop a benchmarking process. The…

Glazner, Steve, Ed.

181

Strategic Transfer Pricing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most research into cost systems has focused on their motivational implications. This paper takes a different approach, by developing a model where two oligopolistic firms strategically select their cost-based transfer prices. Duopoly models frequently assume that firms game on their choice of prices. Product prices, however, are ultimately based on the firms' transfer prices that communicate manufacturing costs to marketing

Michael Alles; Srikant Datar

1998-01-01

182

Strategic defense in transition  

SciTech Connect

Possible objectives and programs for strategic defense include third-country, accidental, or unauthorized launches; limited attacks; initial military threats; and defense value. Their essential features, technologies, and developmental programs are reviewed with the goal of identifying a path that would benefit from their commonalities. 10 refs.

Canavan, G.H.

1988-10-01

183

External Strategic Planning Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to a community reputation that has grown increasingly negative, the Los Angeles Community College District (LACCD) devised a strategic plan in 1998 to improve its programs and services and assure the educational success of its students. The planning process involved several steps: (1) revisiting the district mission statement; (2)…

Los Angeles Community Coll. District, CA. Office of Research and Planning.

184

Strategic BI for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Implementing a complex business intelligence (BI) system at a small school or one with limited resources can seem daunting. For small to midsize schools and community colleges, a strategic BI initiative may still be an elusive goal. This article discusses how schools with limited resources are making the dream a reality.|

Raths, David

2008-01-01

185

Aggregations of unrelated Apis florea colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intensive surveys of an area of woodland in Phitsanulok province, Thailand, revealed 15 colonies of Apis florea. The colonies had a highly aggregated spatial distribution (Standardized Morisita’s Index of Dispersion = 0.59). Microsatellite\\u000a analysis based on 5 loci showed that no colonies were related as mother-daughter, suggesting that unrelated colonies tend\\u000a to nest near existing colonies.

Wandee Wattanachaiyingcharoen; Siriwat Wongsiri; Benjamin P. Oldroyd

2008-01-01

186

Zimbabwe Colonial and Post-Colonial Language Policy and Planning Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph focuses on the development of colonial and post-colonial language policies and practices in Zimbabwe, attributing changes to evolving philosophies and politics in colonial and post-colonial Zimbabwe. In colonial Zimbabwe, we argue that the language policies had as one of their key objectives the development of a bilingual white…

Makoni, Sinfree B.; Dube, Busi; Mashiri, Pedzisai

2006-01-01

187

Nest and colony-mate recognition in polydomous colonies of meat ants ( Iridomyrmex purpureus )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workers of polydomous colonies of social insects must recognize not only colony-mates residing in the same nest but also those living in other nests. We investigated the impact of a decentralized colony structure on colony- and nestmate recognition in the polydomous Australian meat ant (Iridomyrmex purpureus). Field experiments showed that ants of colonies with many nests were less aggressive toward

E. van Wilgenburg; D. Ryan; P. Morrison; P. J. Marriott; M. A. Elgar

2006-01-01

188

Strategic Challenges of China-Africa New Partnership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

China's interests in Africa have leaped from the export of culture and ideology of the Maoist era to an aggressive diplomatic and economic multilateralism. Energy resource remains a growing imperative to modern economies. Africa is of huge strategic signi...

S. Giwa-Amu

2007-01-01

189

Strategic arms limitation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following World War II, American scientists and politicians proposed in the Baruch plan a radical solution to the problem of nuclear weapons: to eliminate them forever under the auspices of an international nuclear development authority. The Soviets, who as yet did not possess the bomb, rejected this plan. Another approach suggested by Secretary of War Henry Stimson to negotiate directly with the Soviet Union was not accepted by the American leadership. These initial arms limitation failures both reflected and exacerbated the hostile political relationship of the superpowers in the 1950s and 1960s. Since 1969, the more modest focus of the Soviet-American arms control process has been on limiting the numbers and sizes of both defensive and offensive strategic systems. The format for this effort has been the Strategic Arms Limitatins Talks (Salt) and more recently the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START). Both sides came to these negotiations convinced that nuclear arsenals had grown so large that some for of mutual restraint was needed. Although the SALT/START process has been slow and ponderous, it has produced several concrete the agreements and collateral benefits. The 1972 ABM Treaty restricts the deployment of ballistic missile defense systems, the 1972 Interim Agreement places a quantitative freeze on each side's land based and sea based strategic launchers, and the as yet unratified 1979 SALT II Treaty sets numerical limits on all offensive strategic systems and sublimits on MIRVed systems. Collateral benefits include improved verification procedures, working definitions and counting rules, and permanent bureaucratic apparatus which enhance stability and increase the chances for achieving additional agreements.

Allen Greb, G.; Johnson, Gerald W.

1983-10-01

190

10 CFR 73.72 - Requirement for advance notice of shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...shipment of formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material, special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance, or...reactor fuel. 73.72 Section 73.72 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

191

Colony structure and spatial distribution of food resources in the polydomous meat ant Iridomyrmex purpureus  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  Polydomous social insects may reduce the costs of foraging by the strategic distribution of nests throughout their territory\\u000a or home-range. This efficiency may most likely be achieved if the resources are relatively stable in place and time, and the\\u000a colonies and nests are distributed in response to the location of the resources. However, no study has investigated how the\\u000a distribution

E. van Wilgenburg; M. A. Elgar

2007-01-01

192

Periodic growth of bacterial colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation of concentric ring colonies by bacterial species Bacillus subtilis and Proteus mirabilis has been investigated experimentally, focusing our attention on the dependence of local cell density upon the bacterial motility. It has been confirmed that these concentric ring colonies reflect the periodic change of the bacterial motility between motile cell state and immotile cell state. We conclude that this periodic change is macroscopically determined neither by biological factors (i.e., biological clock) nor by chemical factors (chemotaxis as inhibitor). And our experimental results strongly suggest that the essential factor for the change of the bacterial motility during concentric ring formation is the local cell density.

Yamazaki, Yoshihiro; Ikeda, Takemasa; Shimada, Hirotoshi; Hiramatsu, Fumiko; Kobayashi, Naoki; Wakita, Jun-Ichi; Itoh, Hiroto; Kurosu, Sayuri; Nakatsuchi, Michio; Matsuyama, Tohey; Matsushita, Mitsugu

2005-06-01

193

Multiple Ant Colonies Algorithm Based on Colony Level Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Recently, researchers in various fields have shown interest in the behavior of creatures from the viewpoint of adaptiveness and flexibility. Ants, known as social insects, exhibit collective behavior in performingtasks that can not be carried out by an individual ant. In ant colonies, chemical sub- stances, called pheromones, are used as a way to communicate important information on global

Hidenori KAWAMURA; Masahito YAMAMOTO; Keiji SUZUKI; Azuma OHUCHI

2000-01-01

194

Strategic Defense Initiative program  

SciTech Connect

This report is a review of the extent of foreign contracting in the Strategic Defense Initiative Program. GAO identified 67 foreign contracts valued at $297.1 million, which represents about three percent of total Strategic Defense Initiative contract awards, and 86 foreign subcontracts from U.S. companies totaling $48.4 million. The basis of award for the 67 foreign contracts was more often competitive that sole source, although sole-source awards accounted for a higher dollar amount. The basis of the award by each of the U.S. agencies administering foreign contracts varied. Israel received the largest dollar value of contracts among foreign recipients. DOD and foreign embassy officials said foreign contracts allow the United States not only to share technology with other countries but also benefit from technological developments in those countries.

Not Available

1990-03-01

195

Genetic Diversity in Honey Bee Colonies Enhances Productivity and Fitness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Honey bee queens mate with many males, creating numerous patrilines within colonies that are genetically distinct. The effects of genetic diversity on colony productivity and long-term fitness are unknown. We show that swarms from genetically diverse colonies (15 patrilines per colony) founded new colonies faster than swarms from genetically uniform colonies (1 patriline per colony). Accumulated differences in foraging rates,

Heather R. Mattila; Thomas D. Seeley

2007-01-01

196

The Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the Civil War, Roanoke Island, located between the coast of North Carolina and the Outer Banks, became a refuge for escaped slaves, called contrabands or freedmen. This site, created by University of Virginia professor Patricia C. Click presents an account of the history and selected documents and maps of the Roanoke Island Freedmens Colony, as the community was known. Documents include letters from Superintendent of the Colony, Horace James, a minister and abolitionist from Massachusetts, and letters from Freedmen themselves. The documents have been transcribed and are in .pdf format, so users should not expect to see scanned versions of 19th century originals. The projects section includes seven projects for high school and college students, using historical materials at the site, and from other related Web sites. Professor Click has written a book, Time Full of Trial: The Roanoke Island FreedmenÂs Colony, 1862-1867, and the Preview section contains the table of contents and Chapter One. Links in the site refer to this book for more information; in the Maps section users are referred to its online ordering instructions for more information on the layout of the colony.

Click, Patricia C.

2001-01-01

197

Measuring activity in ant colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ants, as paradigm of social insects, have become a recurrent example of efficient problem solvers via self-organization. In spite of the simple behavior of each individual, the colony as a whole displays “swarm intelligence:” the organization of ant trails for foraging is a typical output of it. But conventional techniques of observation can hardly record the amount of data needed

C. Noda; J. Ferna´ndez; C. Pe´rez-Penichet; E. Altshuler

2006-01-01

198

Ant Colony Optimization for Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The very basis of this thesis is the collective behavior of ants in colonies. Ants are an excellent example of how rather simple behavior on a local level can lead to complex behavior on a global level that is beneficial for the individuals. The key in the self-organization of ants is communication through pheromones. When an ant forages for food,

J. M. Van Ast

2010-01-01

199

Macrophage Colony-Forming Cell.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This section will deal with the culture technique, growth characteristics, and properties of the M-CFC(Macrophage Colony Forming Cell) a CFC distinct in many ways from the more primitive GM(Granulocyte Macrophage)-CFC and HPP(Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell...

T. J. MacVittie

1984-01-01

200

Catalog of Washington Seabird Colonies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a summary of data collected from 1972 to 1982 on the location, size, and species composition of seabird colonies in Washington. It documents more than 440 nesting areas, with a total of more than 300,000 birds, within the marine shoreline ha...

S. M. Speich T. R. Wahl

1989-01-01

201

The construction of a "population problem" in colonial India, 1919-1947.  

PubMed

This article examines the construction of a "population problem" among public health officials in India during the inter-war period. British colonial officials came to focus on India's population through their concern with high Indian infant and maternal mortality rates. They raised the problem of population as one way in which to highlight the importance of dealing with public health at an all-India basis, in a context of constitutional devolution of power to Indians where they feared such matters would be relegated to relative local unimportance. While they failed to significantly shape government policy, their arguments in support of India's 'population problem' nevertheless found a receptive audience in the colonial public sphere among Indian intellectuals, economists, eugenicists, women social reformers and birth controllers. The article contributes to the history of population control by situating its pre-history in British colonial public health and development policy and outside the logic of USA's Cold War strategic planning for Asia. PMID:21961187

Nair, Rahul

2011-01-01

202

Does strategic defense breed offense  

SciTech Connect

The author examines the question of whether strategic defense activity, in any form, stimulates a related offensive activity. The author studies four post-World II efforts of the superpowers to develop and deploy strategic defenses. The author then derives lessons from those cases that he applies to his analysis of President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. Commentaries on the author's analysis are provided by four scholars.

York, H.

1987-01-01

203

2003 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Protecting National, Energy, and Economic Security with Advanced Science and Technology and Ensuring Environmental Cleanup  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy contributes to the future of the Nation by ensuring energy security, maintaining the safety, security and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile, cleaning up the environment from the legacy of the Cold War, and developing innovations in science and technology. After 25 years in existence, the Department now operates 24 preeminent research laboratories and facilities and four power marketing administrations, and manages the environmental cleanup from 50 years of nuclear defense activities that impacted two million acres in communities across the country. The Department has an annual budget of about $23 billion and employs about 14,500 Federal and 100,000 contractor employees. The Department of Energy is principally a national security agency and all of its missions flow from this core mission to support national security. That is true not just today, but throughout the history of the agency. The origins of the Department can be traced to the Manhattan Project and the race to develop the atomic bomb during World War II. Following the war, Congress engaged in a vigorous and contentious debate over civilian versus military control of the atom. The Atomic Energy Act of 1946 settled the debate by creating the Atomic Energy Commission, which took over the Manhattan Project’s sprawling scientific and industrial complex.

None,

2003-09-30

204

Concentrating Solar Power strategic plan summary  

SciTech Connect

A strategic plan for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) -- A Bright Path to the Future -- was completed and released by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Solar Thermal, Biomass Power, and Hydrogen Technologies in December 1996. This strategic plan document will help bring CSP (formerly solar thermal electric) technologies to the marketplace over the course of the next 20 years (1996--2015) -- taking us from the current pre-competitive status closer to full commercialization. The plan, developed in concert with stakeholders, is a living document and will undergo periodic reevaluation as well as revision to reflect changes in the market environment, the progress of the technologies, and the development of new concepts and ideas.

NONE

1998-05-01

205

Information Exchange in Multi Colony Ant Algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multi colony ant algorithms are evolutionary optimization heuristics that are well suited for parallel execution. Information exchange between the colonies is an important topic that not only influences the parallel execution time but also the optimization behaviour. In this paper different kinds of information exchange strategies in multi colony ant algorithms are investigated. It is shown that the exchange of

Martin Middendorf; Frank Reischle; Hartmut Schmeck

2000-01-01

206

Ant Colonies for the Traveling Salesman Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an artificial ant colony capable of solving the traveling salesman problem (TSP).Ants of the artificial colony are able to generate successively shorter feasible tours by usinginformation accumulated in the form of a pheromone trail deposited on the edges of the TSPgraph. Computer simulations demonstrate that the artificial ant colony is capable of generatinggood solutions to both symmetric and

Luca Maria Gambardella; Marco Dorigo

1997-01-01

207

Colonialism in the Americas: A Critical Look!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dialogue and illustrations trace the history of the first peoples of South, Central, and North America and encourage students to look at past and present patterns of colonialism and to view colonialism from the perspective of the colonized. Chapter 1 critiques Columbus 500 years after founding the first colony in the Americas. Chapter 2 presents…

Gage, Susan

208

An Automated Bacterial Colony Counting System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bacterial colony enumeration is an essential tool for many widely used biomedical assays. However, bacterial colony enumerating is a low throughput, time consuming and labor intensive process since there might exist hundreds or thousands of colonies on a Petri dish, and the counting process is often manually performed by well-trained technicians. In this paper, we introduce a fully automatic yet

Chengcui Zhang; Wei-bang Chen; Wen-lin Liu; Chi-bang Chen

2008-01-01

209

Prediction of C-peptide structure using artificial bee colony algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Artificial bee colony algorithm (ABC) is a swarm intelligence based algorithm. It is inspired by the foraging behavior of honey bee colony. In this paper, the ABC algorithm was utilized to predict the tertiary structure of C-peptide of ribonuclease A by searching the conformational search space to locate the lowest free energy conformation. Conformations were represented using torsion angles representation

H. A. A. Bahamish; R. Abdullah

2010-01-01

210

Understanding Long-Run African Growth: Colonial Institutions or Colonial Education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long-term growth in developing countries has been explained in four frameworks: ‘extractive colonial institutions’ (Acemoglu et al., 2001), ‘colonial legal origin’ (La Porta et al., 2004), ‘geography’ (Gallup et al., 1998) and ‘colonial human capital’ (Glaeser et al., 2004). In this paper we test the ‘colonial human capital’ explanation for sub-Saharan Africa, controlling for legal origin and geography. Utilising data

Jutta Bolt; Dirk Bezemer

2009-01-01

211

A COMPARISON OF NATIONAL LEADERS' STRATEGIC THINKING TO THE STRATEGIC INTENTIONS OF THE AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION PROFESSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This instrumental case study compared the common themes of strategic intent from three strategic plans in agricultural education to current strategic thinking and beliefs of national leaders and policy makers. Eleven strategic intentions emerged from the strategic plans. Program and curriculum reform, as well as leadership and partnerships were mentioned the most in the strategic plans. There was a difference

Tim J. McDermott

212

National strategic petroleum reserve.  

PubMed

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is intended to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to interruptions in the oil supply from foreign sources. Storage for 248 million barrels of crude oil in salt caverns and mines, with equipment for pumping and distribution, was constructed and operationally tested in a 4-year period. Its present inventory is the largest known crude oil reserve in the world. Facilities for expanding the reserve's capacity by another 290 million barrels are being developed by solution-mining in salt domes. PMID:17847458

Davis, R M

1981-08-01

213

Case against strategic defense: technical and strategic realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technical condition of the world has changed so profoundly by the advent of nuclear weapons that simplistic historical comparison of offensive versus defensive policies are often misleading. The authors describe the current strategic relationship of offense dominance, the potential roles for strategic defense, and the technical promise of ballistic missile defenses. When they balance the values and the risks

S. D. Drell; W. K. H. Panofsky

2009-01-01

214

Neurocognitive Dysfunction in Strategic and Non-Strategic Gamblers  

PubMed Central

Objective It has been theorized that there may be subtypes of pathological gambling, particularly in relation to the main type of gambling activities undertaken. Whether or not putative pathological gambling subtypes differ in terms of their clinical and cognitive profiles has received little attention. Method Subjects meeting DSM-IV criteria for pathological gambling were grouped into two categories of preferred forms of gambling – strategic (e.g., cards, dice, sports betting, stock market) and non-strategic (e.g., slots, video poker, pull tabs). Groups were compared on clinical characteristics (gambling severity, and time and money spent gambling), psychiatric comorbidity, and neurocognitive tests assessing motor impulsivity and cognitive flexibility. Results Seventy-seven subjects were included in this sample (45.5% females; mean age: 42.7±14.9) which consisted of the following groups: strategic (n=22; 28.6%) and non-strategic (n=55; 71.4%). Non-strategic gamblers were significantly more likely to be older, female, and divorced. Money spent gambling did not differ significantly between groups although one measure of gambling severity reflected more severe problems for strategic gamblers. Strategic and non-strategic gamblers did not differ in terms of cognitive function; both groups showed impairments in cognitive flexibility and inhibitory control relative to matched healthy volunteers. Conclusion These preliminary results suggest that preferred form of gambling may be associated with specific clinical characteristics but are not associated dissociable in terms of cognitive inflexibility and motor impulsivity.

Grant, Jon E.; Odlaug, Brian L.; Chamberlain, Samuel R.; Schreiber, Liana R.N.

2012-01-01

215

Kautilya: The Indian Strategic Thinker and Indian Strategic Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indian strategic culture has manifold influences and one such is the thinker Kautilya. This article discusses the teachings of Kautilya as compiled in his book The Arthashastra and argues that his ideas are important for the understanding of Indian strategic culture. While history shows his teachings were popular amongst statesmen, it is in independent India's policies that one sees a

Rashed Uz Zaman

2006-01-01

216

Nest- and colony-mate recognition in polydomous colonies of meat ants (Iridomyrmex purpureus).  

PubMed

Workers of polydomous colonies of social insects must recognize not only colony-mates residing in the same nest but also those living in other nests. We investigated the impact of a decentralized colony structure on colony- and nestmate recognition in the polydomous Australian meat ant (Iridomyrmex purpureus). Field experiments showed that ants of colonies with many nests were less aggressive toward alien conspecifics than those of colonies with few nests. In addition, while meat ants were almost never aggressive toward nestmates, they were frequently aggressive when confronted with an individual from a different nest within the same colony. Our chemical analysis of the cuticular hydrocarbons of workers using a novel comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography technique that increases the number of quantifiable compounds revealed both colony- and nest-specific patterns. Combined, these data indicate an incomplete transfer of colony odor between the nests of polydomous meat ant colonies. PMID:16555093

van Wilgenburg, E; Ryan, D; Morrison, P; Marriott, P J; Elgar, M A

2006-03-23

217

Nest- and colony-mate recognition in polydomous colonies of meat ants ( Iridomyrmex purpureus)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Workers of polydomous colonies of social insects must recognize not only colony-mates residing in the same nest but also those living in other nests. We investigated the impact of a decentralized colony structure on colony- and nestmate recognition in the polydomous Australian meat ant ( Iridomyrmex purpureus). Field experiments showed that ants of colonies with many nests were less aggressive toward alien conspecifics than those of colonies with few nests. In addition, while meat ants were almost never aggressive toward nestmates, they were frequently aggressive when confronted with an individual from a different nest within the same colony. Our chemical analysis of the cuticular hydrocarbons of workers using a novel comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography technique that increases the number of quantifiable compounds revealed both colony- and nest-specific patterns. Combined, these data indicate an incomplete transfer of colony odor between the nests of polydomous meat ant colonies.

van Wilgenburg, E.; Ryan, D.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P. J.; Elgar, M. A.

2006-07-01

218

Colony Defence and Natural Enemies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter discusses in detail individual honeybees fending off an enemy and the effects that can be rendered when whole\\u000a colony defence is a coordinated, social effort. Enemies extend from viruses to bears. Whatever the predator, the nesting styles\\u000a and nests of the bees afford a first line of defence. These are supplemented by various weapons, including stings, mandibles,\\u000a legs

Stefan Fuchs; Jürgen Tautz

219

Ant Colony System for JSP  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper discusses the application of ACS metaheuristics (based on behaviour of real ants: stigmergy and synergetic effect\\u000a among ants) for Job-Shop Scheduling problem (JSP). This algorithm is improved by introducing the concept of critical events,\\u000a in which two new techniques will be applied. Thus, a more flexible heuristic technique is obtained, which improves the performance\\u000a of ant colony system

Urszula Boryczka

2004-01-01

220

Classification With Ant Colony Optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony optimization (ACO) can be applied to the data mining field to extract rule-based classifiers. The aim of this paper is twofold. On the one hand, we provide an overview of previous ant-based approaches to the classification task and compare them with state-of-the-art classification techniques, such as C4.5, RIPPER, and support vector machines in a benchmark study. On the

David Martens; Manu De Backer; Raf Haesen; Jan Vanthienen; Monique Snoeck; Bart Baesens

2007-01-01

221

Allorecognition between compound ascidian colonies.  

PubMed

The compound ascidian Botryllus schlosseri reproduces asexually, and forms colonies to adhere to matrices such as rocks. This species has developed a mechanism to distinguish between self stem cells and invasive parasitizing nonself cells from other individuals of the same species, probably as a defense against parasitism. It is highly likely that such adult colony histocompatibility is controlled differently from its gametic allorecognition during fertilization. Allorecognition in adults is controlled by a single fusion/histocompatibility (FuHC) locus. In 2005, a candidate gene responsible for the phenotype associated with this genetic locus, named cFuHC, was reported; however, this proposal was subsequently refuted, and the actual determinant may exist elsewhere within the FuHC locus. Given that its is unlikely that a single gene could produce the diversity of FuHC alleles needed to determine individual identity and to distinguish self from nonself colonies, it is possible that the FuHC locus consists of a cluster of multiple determinants aligned in tandem. PMID:24004073

Harada, Yoshito

2013-09-01

222

Operationalizing strategic marketing.  

PubMed

The strategic marketing process, like any administrative practice, is far simpler to conceptualize than operationalize within an organization. It is for this reason that this chapter focused on providing practical techniques and strategies for implementing the strategic marketing process. First and foremost, the marketing effort needs to be marketed to the various publics of the organization. This chapter advocated the need to organize the marketing analysis into organizational, competitive, and market phases, and it provided examples of possible designs of the phases. The importance and techniques for exhausting secondary data sources and conducting efficient primary data collection methods were explained and illustrated. Strategies for determining marketing opportunities and threats, as well as segmenting markets, were detailed. The chapter provided techniques for developing marketing strategies, including considering the five patterns of coverage available; determining competitor's position and the marketing mix; examining the stage of the product life cycle; and employing a consumer decision model. The importance of developing explicit objectives, goals, and detailed action plans was emphasized. Finally, helpful hints for operationalizing the communication variable and evaluating marketing programs were provided. PMID:2664706

Chambers, S B

1989-05-01

223

Strategic Planning Is an Oxymoron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The thinking on "strategic thinking" has evolved significantly over the years. In the previous century, the independent school strategy was to focus on long-range planning, blithely projecting 10 years into the future. For decades this worked well enough, but in the late 20th century, independent schools shifted to "strategic planning," with its…

Bassett, Patrick F.

2012-01-01

224

Strategic planning for exploration management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book relates the financial side of strategic planning - its analysis and techniques - to the petroleum exploration business. Contents include: 1. Changes in the economic environment of the oil industry;--exploration viewed as business rather than as a function; 2. Strategic planning overview; 3. Traditional exploration strategies; 4. Examining the environment-environmental analysis, social risk analysis, situation audit, competitor analysis,

A. N. Quick; N. A. Buck

1985-01-01

225

STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adopting the strategic leadership perspective, we develop a theoretical model of the impact of CEO and top manager leadership styles and practices on organizational learning. We take a fine-grained look at the processes and levels of organizational learning to describe how strategic leaders influence each element of the learning system. Researchers have implicitly assumed transformational leadership ap- proaches to organizational

MARY CROSSAN

2004-01-01

226

Strategic Planning for Modern Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents some definitions of strategic planning in the management literature, followed by an explanation of its importance in library management. Stresses the value of mission statements, goals and objectives, and a SWOT analysis, and gives advice on identifying strategic issues, formulating strategies, implementing the plan and performance measurement. Considers finance, staffing, stock management and information technology, and concludes with a

Heather Johnson

1994-01-01

227

Strategic Manipulation of Empirical Tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories can be produced by experts seeking a reputation for having knowl- edge. Hence, a tester could anticipate that theories may have been strategically produced by uninformed experts who want to pass an empirical test. We show that, with no restriction on the domain of permissible theories, strategic experts cannot be discredited for an arbitrary but given number of periods,

Wojciech Olszewski; Alvaro Sandroni

2009-01-01

228

Strategic Manipulation of Empirical Tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories can be produced by experts seeking a reputation for having knowledge. Hence, a tester could anticipate that theories may have been strategically produced by uninformed experts who want to pass an empirical test. We show that, with no restriction on the domain of permissible theories, strategic experts cannot be discredited for an arbitrary but given number of periods, no

Alvaro Sandroni; Wojciech Olszewski

2008-01-01

229

National Nanotechnology Initiative. Strategic Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2007 NNI Strategic Plan describes the vision, goals, and priorities of the NNI. Through the approach described in this new Strategic Plan, the NNI will ensure that the United States derives growing economic benefits and improved quality of life for it...

2007-01-01

230

Strategic Competence and Language Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the notion of communicative competence, particularly strategic competence in English language teaching. Strategic competence refers to the individual's ability to use communication strategies such as paraphrase, circumlocution, literal translation, lexical approximation, and mime to get their message across and to compensate…

Rababah, Ghaleb Ahmed

231

Critical Approaches to Strategic Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is only comparatively recently that 'strategic management' has been labelled, studied, and privileged as a field of managerial practice and schol- arly attention (Knights and Morgan, 1991). Many business schools have crowned their programmes with a 'capstone' course in strategic manage- ment, which is intended to provide a 'top-management perspective', in addi- tion to fostering a familiarity with the

David L. Levy; Mats Alvesson; Hugh Willmott

232

Strategic Management in Construction Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased competition and changing economic conditions are requiring construction students to understand a wider range of issues than ever before in areas such as strategic analysis, knowledge management, and emerging technologies. However, the development of construction curricula to provide this strategic knowledge is noticeably lacking in current graduate construction programs. With a tradition of project management-focused programs, expanding educational opportunities

Paul S. Chinowsky

233

The Essence of Strategic Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic programming is generic programming with the use of strate- gies. A strategy is a generic data-processing action which can traverse into het- erogeneous data structures while mixing uniform and type-specific behaviour. With strategic programming, one gains full control over the application of ba- sic actions, most notably full traversal control. Using a combinator style, traver- sal schemes can be

Eelco Visser; Joost Visser

2002-01-01

234

Strategic Human Resource Development. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains three papers on strategic human resource (HR) development. "Strategic HR Orientation and Firm Performance in India" (Kuldeep Singh) reports findings from a study of Indian business executives that suggests there is a positive link between HR policies and practices and workforce motivation and loyalty and sustainable…

2002

235

Strategic Planning for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The framework necessary for achieving a strategic planning posture in higher education is outlined. The most important benefit of strategic planning for higher education decision makers is that it forces them to undertake a more market-oriented and systematic approach to long- range planning. (Author/MLW)|

Kotler, Philip; Murphy, Patrick E.

1981-01-01

236

Conventional Strategic Deterrence  

SciTech Connect

The Bush Administration argues that the US, as the world`s only remaining superpower, must be prepared to intervene militarily in regional conflicts. However, the traditional American way of fighting-relying on ground forces with heavy equipment, supported by naval and air forces--could prove too expensive, both monetarily and in terms of expected American casualties, to garner the support of the American public or Congress. This paper argues that the revolution in conventional weaponry demonstrated in the Persian Gulf War opens up the possibility of a new strategy--called Conventional Strategic Deterrence--that could reduce both financial costs and casualties (if it were necessary to implement the strategy) while still being a strong and credible deterrent to regional conflict.

Latter, A.L.; Martinelli, E.A.; Speed, R.D.

1992-08-01

237

Conventional Strategic Deterrence  

SciTech Connect

The Bush Administration argues that the US, as the world's only remaining superpower, must be prepared to intervene militarily in regional conflicts. However, the traditional American way of fighting-relying on ground forces with heavy equipment, supported by naval and air forces--could prove too expensive, both monetarily and in terms of expected American casualties, to garner the support of the American public or Congress. This paper argues that the revolution in conventional weaponry demonstrated in the Persian Gulf War opens up the possibility of a new strategy--called Conventional Strategic Deterrence--that could reduce both financial costs and casualties (if it were necessary to implement the strategy) while still being a strong and credible deterrent to regional conflict.

Latter, A.L.; Martinelli, E.A.; Speed, R.D.

1992-08-01

238

Colonial and Cellular Polymorphism in Xenorhabdus luminescens  

PubMed Central

A highly polymorphic Xenorhabdus luminescens strain was isolated. The primary form of X. luminescens was luminescent and nonswarming and produced a yellow pigment and antimicrobial substances. The primary form generated a secondary form that had a distinct orange pigmentation, was weakly luminescent, and did not produce antimicrobial substances. Both the primary and secondary forms generated a set of colony variants at frequencies that exceeded normal rates for spontaneous mutation. The variant forms include nonswarming and swarming forms that formed large colonies and a small-colony (SC) form. The primary and secondary forms generated their SC forms at frequencies of between 1 and 14% and 1 and 2%, respectively. The SC forms were distinct from their parental primary and secondary forms in colony and cellular morphology and in protein composition. The cellular morphology and protein patterns of the nonswarming and swarming colony variants were all very similar. The DNA fingerprints of all forms were similar. Each SC-form colony reverted at high frequency to the form from which it was derived. The proportion of parental-type cells in the SC-form colonies varied with age, with young colonies containing as few as 0.0002% parental-type cells. The primary-to-secondary switch was stable, but all the other colony forms were able to switch at high frequencies to the alternative colony phenotypes. Images

Hurlbert, Ronald E.; Xu, Jimin; Small, Christopher L.

1989-01-01

239

Exploration versus exploitation in polydomous ant colonies.  

PubMed

In socially foraging species resource information can be shared between individuals, increasing foraging success. In ant colonies, nestmate recruitment allows high exploitation rates at known resources however, to maximise foraging efficiency this must be balanced with searching for new resources. Many ant species form colonies inhabiting two or more spatially separated but socially connected nests: this type of organisation is known as polydomy. Polydomous colonies may benefit from increased foraging efficiency by carrying out dispersed-central place foraging. However, decentralisation of the colony may affect recruitment success by limiting interaction between ants based in separate nests. We use an agent-based model which compares the foraging success of monodomous and polydomous colonies in different food environments, incorporating recruitment through pheromone trails and group foraging. In contrast to previous results we show that polydomy is beneficial in some but not all cases. Polydomous colonies discover resources at a higher rate, making them more successful when food is highly dispersed, but their relative success can be lowered by limitations on recruitment success. Monodomous colonies can have higher foraging efficiency than polydomous colonies by exploiting food more rapidly. The results show the importance of interactions between recruitment strategy, colony size, and colony organisation. PMID:23380232

Cook, Zoe; Franks, Daniel W; Robinson, Elva J H

2013-02-01

240

Colonie Interim Storage Site annual site environmental report for calendar year 1989, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

IN 1984, Congress assigned the cleanup of the National Lead (NL) Industries site in Colonie, New York, to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a decontamination research and development project under the 1984 Energy and Water Appropriations Act. DOE then included the site in the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), an existing DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sites where residual radioactive materials remain for the early years of the nation's atomic energy program. DOE instituted an environmental monitoring program at the site in 1984. Results are presented annually in reports such as this. Under FUSRAP, the first environmental monitoring report for this site presented data for calendar year 1984. This report presents the findings of the environmental monitoring program conducted during calendar year 1989. 16 refs., 17 figs., 14 tabs.

Not Available

1990-05-01

241

Multiple Ant Colony Optimization for Load Balancing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper presents a Multiple Ant Colony Optimization (MACO) approach for load balancing in circuit-switched networks. Based on the problem-solving approach of ants in nature, Ant Colony\\u000a Optimization (ACO) has been applied to solve problems in optimization, network routing and load balancing by modeling ants\\u000a as a society of mobile agents. While traditional ACO approaches employed one ant colony for

Kwang Mong Sim; Weng Hong Sun

2003-01-01

242

Strategic purchasing, supply management, and firm performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purchasing has increasingly assumed a pivotal strategic role in supply-chain management. Yet, claims of the strategic role of purchasing have not been fully subjected to rigorous theoretical and empirical scrutiny. Extant research has remained largely anecdotal and theoretically under-developed. In this paper, we examine the links among strategic purchasing, supply management, and firm performance. We argue that strategic purchasing can

Injazz J. Chen; Antony Paulraja; Augustine A. Lado

243

Corporate strategic plan for safeguards and security  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy (DOE) safeguards and security (S and S) is a team effort, consisting of Field, National Laboratories, Program Office, and Headquarters units cooperating to support the Department`s diverse security needs. As an integral part of the nation`s security structure, the DOE S and S Program regularly supports and works in cooperation with other US Government agencies and private industry to improve the national security posture. Thus, inter- and intra-agency partnerships play an invaluable role in the continuing efforts to integrate and implement improved ways of doing business. Their Corporate Strategic Plan provides a road map to guide, track, and provide feedback for the incorporation and implementation of S and S activities within DOE. Part 1 Planning Framework, describes those overarching factors which influence the planning endeavors. Part 2, Strategic Perspective, outlines where the S and S Program has been and how they will move to the future through core competencies, changing cultural thinking, and implementing their strategies. Part 3, Strategic and Operational Integration, details critical focus areas, strategies, and success indicators designed to enhance inter-agency S and S integration and promote cooperation with external agencies. This Plan will be reviewed annually to ensure it remains supportive and fully-engaged with the nation`s and international security environments.

NONE

1997-06-01

244

10 CFR 74.51 - Nuclear material control and accounting for strategic special nuclear material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for strategic special nuclear material. 74.51 Section 74.51 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) MATERIAL CONTROL...

2013-01-01

245

Hazardous materials (HAZMAT) Spill Center strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

This strategic Plan was developed in keeping with the Department of Energy`s mission for partnership with its customers to contribute to our Nation`s welfare by providing the technical information and the scientific and educational foundation for the technology, policy and institutional leadership necessary to achieve efficiency in energy use, diversity in energy sources, a more productive and competitive economy, improved environmental quality, and a secure national defense. The Plan provides the concepts for realigning the Departments`s Hazardous Materials Spill Center (HSC) in achieving its vision of becoming the global leader in meeting the diverse HAZMAT needs in the areas of testing, training, and technology. Each of these areas encompass many facets and a multitude of functional and operational requirements at the Federal, state, tribal, and local government levels, as well as those of foreign governments and the private sector. The evolution of the limited dimensional Liquefied Gaseous Fuels Spill Test Facility into a multifaceted HAZMAT Spill Center will require us to totally redefine our way of thinking as related to our business approach, both within and outside of the Department. We need to establish and maintain a viable and vibrant outreach program through all aspects of the public (via government agencies) and private sectors, to include foreign partnerships. The HAZMAT Spill Center goals and objectives provide the direction for meeting our vision. This direction takes into consideration the trends and happenings identified in the {open_quotes}Strategic Outlook{close_quotes}, which includes valuable input from our stakeholders and our present and future customers. It is our worldwide customers that provide the essence of the strategic outlook for the HAZMAT Spill Center.

NONE

1996-01-01

246

2008 Strategic Management Plan SMP.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This inaugural Strategic Management Plan provides an executive overview of the governance and management framework and processes used by the Deputy Secretary, serving as Chief Management Officer, to deliver effective and efficient support to the warfighte...

2008-01-01

247

Strategic Design of Reward Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Key issues in the strategic design of organizational reward systems are reviewed. Possible objectives for reward systems, including motivation, attraction/retention, culture development, and skill development are considered. The relationship between these...

E. E. Lawler

1982-01-01

248

Detention Operations: The Strategic Wildcard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the historical background of detention operations and current detainee missions, specifically, the detainee assessment process and its effect at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels of war. Further, it examines the value of ...

S. L. Donaldson

2011-01-01

249

T-Mobile: Strategic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project is a Capstone Project completed at the end of our MBA career. It is a strategic analysis of T-Mobile (ca. 2006) focusing on T-Mobile's opportunities in the wireless telecommunication's arena in the United States.

Apostolos Koutropoulos; Glenn Charbonneau

2006-01-01

250

Strategic Implications of Global Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Strategic Implications of Global Health responds to a request from the Undersecretary of State for Democratization and Global Affairs for an intelligence assessment on the connections between health and U.S. national interests. This study builds on a 2000...

K. Monaghan

2008-01-01

251

FHWA National Strategic Plan, 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Strategic Plan provides a 'blueprint' for the agency to establish the priorities and direction for its contributions to the Nation's highways and intermodal transportation system. The FHWA's vision is to 'create the best transportation system in the w...

1998-01-01

252

A New Strategic Planning Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter introduces a new strategic planning model for projects. The model consists of two complementary tasks; (1) risk\\u000a analysis and (2) risk navigation strategies. The project risk analysis commences with a comprehensive review of the project\\u000a challenge. Threats, in terms of risk factors, are identified to assess the level of operational, strategic and contextual\\u000a risks that constitute the total

Asbjørn Rolstadås; Per Willy Hetland; George Farage Jergeas; Richard E. Westney

253

Strategic alliances : fit or failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic alliances have come to form a structural element within present day economic systems. In spite of a considerable increase in the number of alliances, in practice these are quite often less successful than initially anticipated by the partners involved. These two observations formed the immediate motivation for our research into strategic alliances.\\u000a\\u000aThe objective of this research was the

Marc Ulco Douma

1997-01-01

254

Strategic Dynamics: Three Key Themes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the evolution of industries in terms of three interrelated key themes that together form an analytical lens. The first theme--strategy and strategic dynamics--raises the question of how companies can gain, sustain, or regain profitable growth in the face of various types of strategic dynamics. The second theme--strategy and action--is based on the observation that in rapidly changing environments

Robert A. Burgelman; Andrew S. Grove

2012-01-01

255

Capacity Rationing with Strategic Customers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic pricing offers the potential to increase revenues. At the same time, varying prices creates an incentive for customers\\u000a to strategize over the timing of their purchases. How should a firm account for customer strategic behavior and profitably\\u000a influence such behavior when making pricing and capacity decisions? One approach is to create rationing risk by deliberately\\u000a understocking products. Then the

Qian Liu; Garrett van Ryzin

256

Recruitment strategies and colony size in ants.  

PubMed

Ants use a great variety of recruitment methods to forage for food or find new nests, including tandem running, group recruitment and scent trails. It has been known for some time that there is a loose correlation across many taxa between species-specific mature colony size and recruitment method. Very small colonies tend to use solitary foraging; small to medium sized colonies use tandem running or group recruitment whereas larger colonies use pheromone recruitment trails. Until now, explanations for this correlation have focused on the ants' ecology, such as food resource distribution. However, many species have colonies with a single queen and workforces that grow over several orders of magnitude, and little is known about how a colony's organization, including recruitment methods, may change during its growth. After all, recruitment involves interactions between ants, and hence the size of the colony itself may influence which recruitment method is used--even if the ants' behavioural repertoire remains unchanged. Here we show using mathematical models that the observed correlation can also be explained by recognizing that failure rates in recruitment depend differently on colony size in various recruitment strategies. Our models focus on the build up of recruiter numbers inside colonies and are not based on optimality arguments, such as maximizing food yield. We predict that ant colonies of a certain size should use only one recruitment method (and always the same one) rather than a mix of two or more. These results highlight the importance of the organization of recruitment and how it is affected by colony size. Hence these results should also expand our understanding of ant ecology. PMID:20694195

Planqué, Robert; van den Berg, Jan Bouwe; Franks, Nigel R

2010-08-04

257

En echelon patterns of Calyptogena colonies in the Japan Trench  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The distribution of Calyptogena phaseoliformis colonies in right-stepping en echelon patterns was observed by the Japanese submersible Shinkai 6500 at the foot of the landward escarpment of the northern Japan Trench at around 6437 6274 m depth. The north-south trending Sanriku Escarpment has a thrust origin and is subparallel to the trench axis along which the Pacific plate is being subducted beneath the North America or Okhotsk plate at about 300° at a rate of about 7.8 to 8.3 cm/yr. The trends of colonies are concentrated at 250°, 300°, and 330°: each trend matches either an antithetic riedel shear, extension fracture, or synthetic riedel shear, respectively, within a left-lateral shear regime caused by the oblique subduction. Methane- and hydrogen sulfide bearing fluid advection from depth occurs essentially along the thrust fault, but finally seeps along the fractures at the sea floor. This supplies energy to the food chain through bacteria utilizing hydrogen sulfide, then eventually sustains the Calyptogena colonies. Because the clams select the best places to survive, the geometric arrangement of the clam colonies provides a kinematic indicator of relative plate motions.

Ogawa, Yujiro; Fujioka, Kantaro; Fujikura, Katsunori; Iwabuchi, Yo

1996-09-01

258

Colonie Interim Storage Site: Annual environmental report for calendar year 1990, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

Environmental monitoring of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS) and surrounding area began in 1984. CISS is part of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), a DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sties where residual radioactive materials remain from the early years of the nation's atomic energy program or from commercial operations causing conditions that Congress has authorized DOE to remedy. The routine environmental monitoring program at CISS includes sampling networks for external gamma radiation exposures and for radium-226, throium-232, an total uranium concentrations in surface water, sediment, and groundwater. Additionally, the nonradiological parameters volatile and semivolatile organics, pesticides/polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), metals, total organic carbon (TOC), total organic halides (TOX), specific conductivity, and pH are measured in groundwater. 14 refs., 20 figs., 25 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01

259

Genetic diversity in honey bee colonies enhances productivity and fitness.  

PubMed

Honey bee queens mate with many males, creating numerous patrilines within colonies that are genetically distinct. The effects of genetic diversity on colony productivity and long-term fitness are unknown. We show that swarms from genetically diverse colonies (15 patrilines per colony) founded new colonies faster than swarms from genetically uniform colonies (1 patriline per colony). Accumulated differences in foraging rates, food storage, and population growth led to impressive boosts in the fitness (i.e., drone production and winter survival) of genetically diverse colonies. These results further our understanding of the origins of polyandry in honey bees and its benefits for colony performance. PMID:17641199

Mattila, Heather R; Seeley, Thomas D

2007-07-20

260

George C. Marshall Strategic Leadership Competencies: Lessons for Today's Strategic Leaders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A visionary military officer and civilian leader, General George C. Marshall was an innovative strategic leader who can provide vital lessons for today's strategic leaders. General Marshall used his well-developed strategic leader competencies to influenc...

J. A. Boyer

2010-01-01

261

Science and Strategic - Climate Implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy of weather systems greatly exceeds energy produced and used by humans. Variation in this energy causes climate variability potentially resulting in local, national, and/or global catastrophes beyond our ability to deter the loss of life and economic destabilization. Large scale natural disasters routinely result in shortages of water, disruption of energy supplies, and destruction of infrastructure. The resulting unforeseen and disastrous events occurring beyond national emergency preparation, as related to climate variability, could insight civil unrest due to dwindling and/or inaccessible resources necessary for survival. Lack of these necessary resources in impacted countries often leads to wars. Climate change coupled with population growth, which exposes more of the population to potential risks associated with climate and environmental change, demands faster technological response. Understanding climate/associated environmental changes, the relation to human activity and behavior, and including this in national and international emergency/security management plans would alleviate shortcomings in our present and future technological status. The scale of environmental change will determine the potential magnitude of civil unrest at the local, national, and/or global level along with security issues at each level. Commonly, security issues related to possible civil unrest owing to temporal environmental change is not part of a short and/or long-term strategy, yet recent large-scale disasters are reminders that system failures (as in hurricane Katrina) include acknowledged breaches to individual, community, and infrastructure security. Without advance planning and management concerning environmental change, oncoming and climate related events will intensify the level of devastation and human catastrophe. Depending upon the magnitude and period of catastrophic events and/or environmental changes, destabilization of agricultural systems, energy supplies, and other lines of commodities often results in severely unbalanced supply and demand ratios, which eventually affect the entire global community. National economies potentially risk destabilization, which is especially important since economics plays a major role in strategic planning. This presentation will address these issues and the role that science can play in human sustainability and local, national, and international security.

Tindall, J. A.; Moran, E. H.

2008-12-01

262

10 CFR 76.117 - Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category III.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Special nuclear material of low strategic significance-Category...76.117 Section 76.117 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ...Safeguards and Security § 76.117 Special nuclear material of low strategic...

2013-01-01

263

10 CFR 76.115 - Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance-Category II.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance-Category...76.115 Section 76.115 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ...Safeguards and Security § 76.115 Special nuclear material of moderate strategic...

2013-01-01

264

Temporal changes in colony cuticular hydrocarbon patterns of Solenopsis invicta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heritable cuticular hydrocarbon patterns ofSolenopsis invicta workers are consistent within colonies for a given sampling time but vary sufficiently from colony to colony to distinguish the colonies from each other. In addition, cuticular hydrocarbon patterns change within colonies over time. Nestmate recognition cues found on the individual's cuticle, can be from heritable or environmental sources, and are a subset of

Robert K. vander Meer; David Saliwanchik; Barry Lavine

1989-01-01

265

Conceptual Design of a Lunar Colony.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A systems engineering study is presented for a proposed lunar colony. The lunar colony was to grow from an existent, 12-man, earth-dependent lunar surface base and was to utilize lunar resources, becoming as earth-independent as possible. An in-depth trea...

C. Dalton E. Hohmann

1972-01-01

266

Ant colony search algorithm for unit commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the ant colony search algorithm (ACSA) is proposed to solve the thermal unit commitment problem. ACSA is a new cooperative agents approach, which is inspired by the observation of the behaviors of real ant colonies on the topic of ant trial formation and foraging methods. In the ACSA, a set of cooperating agents called \\

T. Sum-im; W. Ongsakul

2003-01-01

267

Economic dispatch by ant colony search algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, ant colony search algorithm (ACSA) is proposed to solve the economic dispatch (ED) with transmission losses problem. ACSA is a new cooperative agents approach, which is inspired by the observation of the behaviors of real ant colonies on the topic of ant trail formation and foraging methods. In the ACSA, a set of cooperating agents called \\

Thanathip Sum-im

2004-01-01

268

Japanese colonialism and Korean development: A critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

New scholarship on economic development in Korea has focused on the beneficial effects of Japanese colonialism and on certain continuities between Korea's growth strategy before and after World War II. We challenge this new revisionism. The growth record under the Japanese occupation was more modest than is often thought, there are greater discontinuities than continuities between the colonial and postwar

Chung-In Moon; David Kang

1997-01-01

269

Population Increase and the End of Colonialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1946 and 1976, the European powers granted independence to all of their large colonies in Africa and Southeast Asia. This paper attempts to provide an economic explanation for this remarkable ending to the era of colonialism. The main theoretical innovation is to consider the effect of population increase on the allocation of time by the indigenous population between productive

Herschel I. Grossman; Murat F. Iyigun

1997-01-01

270

Colonial America: A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This illustrated unit of study can be incorporated into regular social studies courses in elementary classrooms. The unit focuses on life in the 13 original colonies from the settlement period to the Revolutionary War. Activities are provided to help students learn the names and locations of the colonies. A highlight of the unit is a study of the…

Bennett, Sondra; Stephens, Mark

271

Holotransformations of bacterial colonies and genome cybernetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a study of colony transformations during growth of Bacillus subtilis under adverse environmental conditions. It is a continuation of our pilot study of ``Adaptive self-organization during growth of bacterial colonies'' (Physica A 187 (1992) 378). First we identify and describe the transformations pathway, i.e. the excitation of the branching modes from Bacillus subtilis 168 (grown under diffusion limited

Eshel Ben-Jacob; Adam Tenenbaum; Ofer Shochet; Orna Avidan

1994-01-01

272

The Colonial Heritage in Indian Publishing  

Microsoft Academic Search

THEMAJOR CONTRIBUTION of two hundred years of British colonial rule to Indian publishing is an internal market for books in the English language -a market that persists and even grows despite the end of direct colonial domination in 1947. This has had a profound effect, for good and ill, on the growth of Indian publishing since independence. On the positive

SAMUEL ISRAEL

273

Hemadsorption by colonies of Ureaplasma urealyticum.  

PubMed

Hemadsorption by colonies of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma pneumoniae differed quantitatively and qualitatively. Using standard methodology, few strains of U. urealyticum hemadsorbed; with a modified method, most strains hemadsorbed, indicating a second type of association. Scanning electron microscopy of tannin-osmium-stained preparations showed guinea pig erythrocytes embedded in ureaplasma colonies and craters left when erythrocytes were dislodged. PMID:2037381

Robertson, J A; Sherburne, R

1991-06-01

274

The effectiveness of dynamic ant colony tuning  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the Genetically Modified Ant Colony System (GMACS) algorithm (3), which claims to dynamically tune an Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithm to its near-optimal parameters. While our research indicates that the use of GMACS does result in higher quality solutions over a hand-tuned ACO algorithm, we found that the algorithm is ultimately hindered by its emphasis on randomized ant

Adrian A. De Freitas; Christopher B. Mayer

2007-01-01

275

Post-Colonial Recovering and Healing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notions of white supremacy, racism, sexism, and patriarchy constitute the power relationships and hierarchical structures of colonialism. Power is accessed when certain cultural forms are made to prevail over others, thus producing racialized and marginalized identities. The will to control what is different is the main tenet of colonialism.…

Weenie, Angelina

276

Predictive markers of honey bee colony collapse  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Managed honey bee colonies are currently affected by abrupt depopulation during winter and many factors are suspected to be involved, either alone or in combination. Pathogens are considered as principal actors, contributing to weaken colony health and leaving room for secondary infections. In parti...

277

Education in Colonial Africa: The German Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the introduction and growth of state-supported schools in two German colonies in Africa, Kamerun and Deutsch Ostafrika, describes African reaction to and utilization of them, assesses, from the colonial perspective, why such schools were introduced and what they were intended to accomplish, and examines the reasons for their differential…

vanderPloeg, Arie J.

1977-01-01

278

Governmentality, congestion and calculation in colonial Delhi  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to explore a different way of examining the ‘difference’ of European and colonial governments, showing how the Indian colonial state privileged investments in political, rather than civil, society. The former targeted the population and sought effects through policies that could be co-ordinated from a distance, at low cost. The latter targeted the social realm and necessarily involved

Stephen Legg

2006-01-01

279

Colonialism, legitimation, and policing in Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most existing historiographies of colonial and post-colonial policing in Ghana have focused nearly exclusively on providing a basic understanding of managerial issues—that is, organisational and administrative structure, functions and modes of operation. Our knowledge of issues of police legitimation, and of the ‘quality of policing’ remains very limited. This article discusses these issues and establishes the vital importance of history

Justice Tankebe

2008-01-01

280

Colony Collapse Disorder: A descriptive studey  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We ...

281

Colonial America: A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrated unit of study can be incorporated into regular social studies courses in elementary classrooms. The unit focuses on life in the 13 original colonies from the settlement period to the Revolutionary War. Activities are provided to help students learn the names and locations of the colonies. A highlight of the unit is a study of the…

Bennett, Sondra; Stephens, Mark

282

Education in Colonial Africa: The German Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the introduction and growth of state-supported schools in two German colonies in Africa, Kamerun and Deutsch Ostafrika, describes African reaction to and utilization of them, assesses, from the colonial perspective, why such schools were introduced and what they were intended to accomplish, and examines the reasons for their differential…

vanderPloeg, Arie J.

1977-01-01

283

Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundOver the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to better

Dennis Vanengelsdorp; Jay D. Evans; Claude Saegerman; Chris Mullin; Eric Haubruge; Bach Kim Nguyen; Maryann Frazier; Jim Frazier; Diana Cox-Foster; Yanping Chen; Robyn Underwood; David R. Tarpy; Jeffery S. Pettis; Justin Brown

2009-01-01

284

Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to

Dennis vanEngelsdorp; Jay D. Evans; Claude Saegerman; Chris Mullin; Eric Haubruge; Bach Kim Nguyen; Maryann Frazier; Jim Frazier; Diana Cox-Foster; Yanping Chen; Robyn Underwood; David R. Tarpy; Jeffery S. Pettis

2009-01-01

285

Genetic diversity in laboratory colonies of western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), including a nondiapause colony.  

PubMed

Laboratory-reared western corn rootworms, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, from colonies maintained at the North Central Agricultural Research Laboratory (NCARL) in Brookings, SD, are used extensively by many researchers in studies of the biology, ecology, behavior, and genetics of this major insect pest. A nondiapause colony developed through artificial selection in the early 1970s is particularly attractive for many studies because its generation time is much shorter than that of typical diapause colonies. However, the nondiapause colony has been in culture for approximately 190 generations without out-crossing. We compared variation at six microsatellite loci among individuals from the NCARL nondiapause colony (approximately 190 generations), main diapause colony (approximately 22 generations), four regional diapause colonies (3-8 generations), and four wild populations. Genetic diversity was very similar among the diapause laboratory colonies and wild populations. However, the nondiapause colony showed approximately 15-39% loss of diversity depending on the measure. Pairwise estimates of F(ST) were very low, revealing little genetic differentiation among laboratory colonies and natural populations. The nondiapause colony showed the greatest genetic differentiation with an average pairwise F(ST) of 0.153. There was little evidence that the laboratory colonies had undergone genetic bottlenecks except for the nondiapause colony. The nondiapause colony has suffered a moderate loss in genetic diversity and is somewhat differentiated from wild populations. This was not unexpected given its history of artificial selection for the nondiapause trait, and the large number of generations in culture. In contrast, the results indicate that the diapause colonies maintained at NCARL are genetically similar to wild populations. PMID:17540076

Kim, Kyung Seok; French, B Wade; Sumerford, Douglas V; Sappington, Thomas W

2007-06-01

286

Derivation of guidelines for uranium residual radioactive material in soil at the Colonie Site, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

Residual radioactive material guidelines for uranium in soil were derived for the Colonie site located in Colonie, New York. This site has been designated for remedial action under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The site became contaminated with radioactive material as a result of operations conducted by National Lead (NL) Industries from 1958 to 1984; these activities included brass foundry operations, electroplating of metal products, machining of various components using depleted uranium, and limited work with small amounts of enriched uranium and thorium. The Colonie site comprises the former NL Industries property, now designated the Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS), and 56 vicinity properties contaminated by fallout from airborne emissions; 53 of the vicinity properties were previously remediated between 1984 and 1988. In 1984, DOE accepted ownership of the CISS property from NL Industries. Residual radioactive material guidelines for individual radionuclides and total uranium were derived on the basis of the requirement that the 50-year committed effective dose equivalent to a hypothetical individual who lives or works in the immediate vicinity of the site should not exceed a dose of 30 mrem/yr following remedial action for the current use and likely future use scenarios or a dose of 100 mrem/yr for less likely future use scenarios. The DOE residual radioactive material guideline computer code, RESRAD, was used in this evaluation; RESRAD implements the methodology described in the DOE manual for establishing residual radioactive material guidelines.

Dunning, D.

1996-05-01

287

Predictive markers of honey bee colony collapse.  

PubMed

Across the Northern hemisphere, managed honey bee colonies, Apis mellifera, are currently affected by abrupt depopulation during winter and many factors are suspected to be involved, either alone or in combination. Parasites and pathogens are considered as principal actors, in particular the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor, associated viruses and the microsporidian Nosema ceranae. Here we used long term monitoring of colonies and screening for eleven disease agents and genes involved in bee immunity and physiology to identify predictive markers of honeybee colony losses during winter. The data show that DWV, Nosema ceranae, Varroa destructor and Vitellogenin can be predictive markers for winter colony losses, but their predictive power strongly depends on the season. In particular, the data support that V. destructor is a key player for losses, arguably in line with its specific impact on the health of individual bees and colonies. PMID:22384162

Dainat, Benjamin; Evans, Jay D; Chen, Yan Ping; Gauthier, Laurent; Neumann, Peter

2012-02-23

288

Predictive Markers of Honey Bee Colony Collapse  

PubMed Central

Across the Northern hemisphere, managed honey bee colonies, Apis mellifera, are currently affected by abrupt depopulation during winter and many factors are suspected to be involved, either alone or in combination. Parasites and pathogens are considered as principal actors, in particular the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor, associated viruses and the microsporidian Nosema ceranae. Here we used long term monitoring of colonies and screening for eleven disease agents and genes involved in bee immunity and physiology to identify predictive markers of honeybee colony losses during winter. The data show that DWV, Nosema ceranae, Varroa destructor and Vitellogenin can be predictive markers for winter colony losses, but their predictive power strongly depends on the season. In particular, the data support that V. destructor is a key player for losses, arguably in line with its specific impact on the health of individual bees and colonies.

Dainat, Benjamin; Evans, Jay D.; Chen, Yan Ping; Gauthier, Laurent; Neumann, Peter

2012-01-01

289

Public health developments in colonial Malaya: colonialism and the politics of prevention.  

PubMed Central

In both African and Asian colonies until the late 19th century, colonial medicine operated pragmatically to meet the medical needs first of colonial officers and troops, immigrant settlers, and laborers responsible for economic development, then of indigenous populations when their ill health threatened the well-being of the expatriate population. Since the turn of the century, however, the consequences of colonial expansion and development for indigenous people's health had become increasingly apparent, and disease control and public health programs were expanded in this light. These programs increased government surveillance of populations at both community and household levels. As a consequence, colonial states extended institutional oversight and induced dependency through public health measures. Drawing on my own work on colonial Malaya, I illustrate developments in public health and their links to the moral logic of colonialism and its complementarity to the political economy.

Manderson, L

1999-01-01

290

21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manual colony counter. 866.2180 Section 866.2180...Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony counter is a device intended for...

2010-04-01

291

21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Automated colony counter. 866.2170 Section 866.2170...Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated colony counter is a mechanical device...

2009-04-01

292

21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Automated colony counter. 866.2170 Section 866.2170...Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated colony counter is a mechanical device...

2010-04-01

293

21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Manual colony counter. 866.2180 Section 866.2180...Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony counter is a device intended for...

2009-04-01

294

Colonial opacity variations among the choleragenic vibrios.  

PubMed

Cultures of Vibrio cholerae 01, biotype El Tor, from the current epidemic of cholera in the Western Hemisphere, and of the new V. cholerae serogroup O139, from the current outbreak in India and Bangladesh, revealed marked colonial heterogeneity when received by the authors. By comparison with reference colony types, using a stereoscope and transmitted oblique illumination, colonies of approximately 10 different degrees of opacity could be distinguished. In contrast, strains freshly isolated from patients and rapidly and carefully preserved were more homogeneous although still differentiable by this technique. These (and older) observations prompted the questions: (1) why is a V. cholerae colony opaque or translucent? and (2) what benefit is it to the vibrios to vary their colonial appearance? The observed changes in colonial opacity, which are reversible, are sometimes (rarely) accompanied by changes in virulence for infant rabbits and, more frequently, by other phenotypic variations including the ability to produce poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate inclusion bodies on glycerol-containing medium, the degree of encapsulation in 0139, changes in outer-membrane proteins, alteration in lipopolysaccharide structure, changes in expression of glycolytic pathways, and differences in ability to survive under adverse conditions. Colonial variations in choleragenic vibrios are phenotypically multifactorial. The genetic mechanisms(s) underlying the observed phenotypic changes remain to be defined. PMID:9025275

Finkelstein, R A; Boesman-Finkelstein, M; Sengupta, D K; Page, W J; Stanley, C M; Phillips, T E

1997-01-01

295

Measuring activity in ant colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ants, as paradigm of social insects, have become a recurrent example of efficient problem solvers via self-organization. In spite of the simple behavior of each individual, the colony as a whole displays ``swarm intelligence:'' the organization of ant trails for foraging is a typical output of it. But conventional techniques of observation can hardly record the amount of data needed to get a detailed understanding of self-organization of ant swarms in the wild. Here we are presenting a measurement system intended to monitor ant activity in the field comprising massive data acquisition and high sensitivity. A central role is played by an infrared sensor devised specifically to monitor relevant parameters to the activity of ants through the exits of the nest, although other sensors detecting temperature and luminosity are added to the system. We study the characteristics of the activity sensor and its performance in the field. Finally, we present massive data measured at one exit of a nest of Atta insularis, an ant endemic to Cuba, to illustrate the potential of our system.

Noda, C.; Fernández, J.; Pérez-Penichet, C.; Altshuler, E.

2006-12-01

296

Measurement of soil bacterial colony temperatures and isolation of a high heat-producing bacterium  

PubMed Central

Background The cellular temperatures of microorganisms are considered to be the same as those of their surroundings because the cellular volume is too small to maintain a cellular temperature that is different from the ambient temperature. However, by forming a colony or a biofilm, microorganisms may be able to maintain a cellular temperature that is different from the ambient temperature. In this study, we measured the temperatures of bacterial colonies isolated from soils using an infrared imager and investigated the thermogenesis by a bacterium that increases its colony temperature. Results The temperatures of some colonies were higher or lower than that of the surrounding medium. A bacterial isolate with the highest colony temperature was identified as Pseudomonas putida. This bacterial isolate had an increased colony temperature when it grew at a temperature suboptimal for its growth. Measurements of heat production using a microcalorimeter showed that the temperature of this extraordinary, microcalorimetrically determined thermogenesis corresponded with the thermographically observed increase in bacterial colony temperature. When investigating the effects of the energy source on this thermal behavior, we found that heat production by this bacterium increased without additional biomass production at a temperature suboptimal for its growth. Conclusions We found that heat production by bacteria affected the bacterial colony temperature and that a bacterium identified as Pseudomonas putida could maintain a cellular temperature different from the ambient temperature, particularly at a sub-optimal growth temperature. The bacterial isolate P. putida KT1401 increased its colony temperature by an energy-spilling reaction when the incubation temperature limited its growth.

2013-01-01

297

Security Exercise Readiness Program for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Security Exercise Readiness Program or SERP, is a series of response-oriented exercises designed to evaluate the readiness of the protection force at DOE's Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). International Energy Associates Limited (IEAL) developed SERP in 1984 for Wells Fargo Guard Services (WFGS), the SPR protective services contractor. The purpose of this paper is to describe the systems methodology used

1985-01-01

298

Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research: FY86 Annual report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) provides analytical support to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) through a contractual arrangement with the Bartlesville Project Office of the DOE. Work performed during the contract period of this report included establishing new and modifying old methodology for expanded and improved crude oil characterization. The expanded comprehensive characterization scheme that

P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay; B. H. Diehl; K. W. Hornung; D. A. Doughty

1987-01-01

299

FHWA (Federal Highway Administration) National Strategic Plan, 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1994 National Strategic Plan (NSP) represents Agency-wide guidance that will help us steer toward our Vision. The NSP is intended to chart FHWA's direction and focus its diverse energies to more efficiently accomplish it's Goals, moving it closer to r...

1993-01-01

300

Strategic mobility modeling at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been involved in strategic mobility planning and analysis for the Department of Defense (DOD) for approximately six years. This work is conducted under four interagency agreements between DOD and the Department of Energy (DOE): Air Force/MAC -- Airlift Deployment Analysis System (ADANS), Army/MTMC -- Strategic Deployment System (STRADS) and Integrated Booking System (IBS), Navy/MSC -- Scheduling Algorithm for Improving Lift (SAIL), and USTRANSCOM -- Deployment Analysis Prototype (DAP) and Flow and Analysis System for TRANSCOM (FAST).

Edwards, R.G.; Yow, T.G.

1990-01-01

301

Strategic, technological and ethical aspects of establishing colonies on Moon and Mars  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the vast experience gained by Aerospace Community in the last five decades, the natural future course of action will be to expand Space Exploration. Our understanding of Moon is relatively better with a number of unmanned satellite missions carried out by the leading Space Agencies and manned missions to Moon by USA. Also a number of unmanned satellite missions

G. Madhavan Nair; K. R. Sridhara Murthi; M. Y. S. Prasad

2008-01-01

302

Theory to Strategy: War Insight for the Strategic Soldier.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Improvements in technology worldwide have amplified the impact strategic lieutenants and strategic corporals have on strategic matters. These Strategic Soldiers and their respective leaders must not only be aware of their potential influence in a war envi...

L. A. Fregoso

2008-01-01

303

Air Force Strategic Plan 2006-2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Strategic Plan codifies the Air Force's strategic Priorities, Goals and Objectives in accordance with the intent of the National Security Personnel System (NSPS) and the President's Management Agenda (PMA). The 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) R...

2006-01-01

304

Deterrence and the Impact of Strategic Defense.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the role of strategic defense in a deterrence strategy. Deterrence theory, strategic defence, the 1972 ABM Treaty, the national military strategy and Global Protection Against Limited Strikes are reviewed. It is asserted that the roles...

D. M. Lunghofer

1992-01-01

305

STRATEGIC ALLIANCES: FROM SUCCES TO FAILURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years, the strategic alliances had been increasingly common. The term “strategic alliance” can mean many different things, but the commonly used meaning entails a joint corporative effort by two or more companies working towards agreed u

Mester Liana; Bugnar Nicoleta; Petrica Dana

2009-01-01

306

Strategic Management: Managing Change by Managing Participation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Strategic management seeks to link strategic planning with decision making and the implementation of decisions. The role of participation-who should participate and how that participation should be managed-is central to effective decision making. This pap...

P. H. Richanbach F. R. Riddell

1993-01-01

307

From strategy to strategizing: The production and appropriation of a strategic plan in an artistic organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Puralistic contexts, characterized by diffuse power, multiple obectives and value systems, as well as knowledge-based work processes, constitute a particularly interesting field to study the strategizing process (Denis, Langley & Rouleau, 2003). What is strategy and strategizing in pluralistic organizations? Are there clear strategic orientations and specific goals to attain? How do strategizing activities take place in these particular contexts?

Chahrazed Abdallah

308

Preparing for change: strategic foresight scenarios.  

PubMed

Most people need stimulus to move from worrying about current problems to planning for the future. A carefully crafted strategic foresight scenario (SFS) can provide that stimulus. Recently, Allen Memorial Hospital, a 240-bed facility in Waterloo, Iowa, set up a management development team to help prepare hospital staff for changes that were expected to result from a reengineering study. One of the techniques they chose was to create an SFS. Strategic foresight exercises are often used at the highest management levels of corporations to prepare for strategic planning. At Allen, the exercise was prepared for use at all levels of staff to prepare for imminent change. A good scenario can stimulate foresight; it can show how relevant driving forces may affect not only the industry but also your individual health system. It identifies specific forces affecting healthcare delivery systems, tests assumptions for the future, assesses alternative and plausible futures and can form a springboard for future planning. A group of six employees considered factors that would affect healthcare delivery in 2005, drew on their creative energies and wrote a scenario (which is included in the article). The scenario is carefully written and follows a story line that is personal and specific to Allen. When presented to a group of senior managers, it was received with great interest and prompted discussion that ran beyond the designated meeting time. The SFS exercise successfully prepared staff at Allen for change, not by predicting the future but by modeling and inspiring an open-mindedness and active approach to the future. PMID:10157201

Nielsen, G A

309

Idaho National Laboratory/Nuclear Power Industry Strategic Plan for Light Water Reactor Research and Development An Industry-Government Partnership to Address Climate Change and Energy Security  

SciTech Connect

The dual issues of energy security and climate change mitigation are driving a renewed debate over how to best provide safe, secure, reliable and environmentally responsible electricity to our nation. The combination of growing energy demand and aging electricity generation infrastructure suggests major new capacity additions will be required in the years ahead.

Electric Power Research

2007-11-01

310

Identification of a colonial chordate histocompatibility gene.  

PubMed

Histocompatibility is the basis by which multicellular organisms of the same species distinguish self from nonself. Relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying histocompatibility reactions in lower organisms. Botryllus schlosseri is a colonial urochordate, a sister group of vertebrates, that exhibits a genetically determined natural transplantation reaction, whereby self-recognition between colonies leads to formation of parabionts with a common vasculature, whereas rejection occurs between incompatible colonies. Using genetically defined lines, whole-transcriptome sequencing, and genomics, we identified a single gene that encodes self-nonself and determines "graft" outcomes in this organism. This gene is significantly up-regulated in colonies poised to undergo fusion and/or rejection, is highly expressed in the vasculature, and is functionally linked to histocompatibility outcomes. These findings establish a platform for advancing the science of allorecognition. PMID:23888037

Voskoboynik, Ayelet; Newman, Aaron M; Corey, Daniel M; Sahoo, Debashis; Pushkarev, Dmitry; Neff, Norma F; Passarelli, Benedetto; Koh, Winston; Ishizuka, Katherine J; Palmeri, Karla J; Dimov, Ivan K; Keasar, Chen; Fan, H Christina; Mantalas, Gary L; Sinha, Rahul; Penland, Lolita; Quake, Stephen R; Weissman, Irving L

2013-07-26

311

Optical image acquisition system for colony analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For counting of both colonies and plaques, there is a large number of applications including food, dairy, beverages, hygiene, environmental monitoring, water, toxicology, sterility testing, AMES testing, pharmaceuticals, paints, sterile fluids and fungal contamination. Recently, many researchers and developers have made efforts for this kind of systems. By investigation, some existing systems have some problems since they belong to a new technology product. One of the main problems is image acquisition. In order to acquire colony images with good quality, an illumination box was constructed as: the box includes front lightning and back lightning, which can be selected by users based on properties of colony dishes. With the illumination box, lightning can be uniform; colony dish can be put in the same place every time, which make image processing easy. A digital camera in the top of the box connected to a PC computer with a USB cable, all the camera functions are controlled by the computer.

Wang, Weixing; Jin, Wenbiao

2006-02-01

312

Growth and form of melanoma cell colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the statistical properties of melanoma cell colonies grown in vitro by analyzing the results of crystal violet assays at different concentrations of initial plated cells and for different growth times. The distribution of colony sizes is described well by a continuous time branching process. To characterize the shape fluctuations of the colonies, we compute the distribution of eccentricities. The experimental results are compared with numerical results for models of random division of elastic cells, showing that experimental results are best reproduced by restricting cell division to the outer rim of the colony. Our results serve to illustrate the wealth of information that can be extracted by a standard experimental method such as the crystal violet assay.

Baraldi, Massimiliano Maria; Alemi, Alexander A.; Sethna, James P.; Caracciolo, Sergio; La Porta, Caterina A. M.; Zapperi, Stefano

2013-02-01

313

Configuring and managing strategic supplier portfolios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acknowledging that not all supplier relationships can nor should be close partnerships, this article explores the development of strategic supplier portfolios. The strategic portfolio perspective considers risks, trade-offs, and interdependencies between the firm's array of supplier relationships. Based on over 50 interviews with managers and archival data from 12 multinational companies, a strategic supplier portfolio management framework is developed. The

Stephan M. Wagner; Jean L. Johnson

2004-01-01

314

Enterprise Information Systems and Strategic Flexibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic flexibility is a critical organizational competency in today's dynamic global environment. This paper explores the impact of enterprise information systems on an organization's strategic flexibility using the existing strategy and information systems literature to develop a theoretical model. Strategic flexibility is broken down into five first order constructs: Operational Flexibility; Human Capital Flexibility; Information Flexibility; Supply Chain Flexibility; and

William Mackinnon; Gerald Grant; David Cray

2008-01-01

315

Deterrence and the impact of strategic defense  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of strategic defense in a deterrence strategy. Deterrence theory, strategic defense, the 1972 ABM Treaty, the national military strategy and Global Protection Against Limited Strikes are reviewed. It is asserted that the roles of nuclear forces and strategic defense are complimentary and stabilizing. The options to counter the threat of future proliferation of weapons of

Lunghofer

1992-01-01

316

Municipal strategic planning: reliability and failures factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyzes the strategic planning practiced by municipalities. We show and assess what risk factors are if municipal strategic plans would be developed and applied. We offer our approach which allows foreseeing the risks and reliability of municipal strategic planning.

I. V. Petrov

2012-01-01

317

The public value approach to strategic management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an environment of resource constraints and constant change, the museum manager's role is as a strategist, managing and adapting the assets of the organization toward maximum value creation. Mark Moore's public value model, the Strategic Triangle, provides the most comprehensive framework for strategic management in the public and nonprofit sectors. According to Moore, bad strategy or strategic failure in

Mark L. Weinberg; Marsha S. Lewis

2009-01-01

318

Strategic planning in higher education athletic departments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purposes of this study were: to determine the extent to which the strategic planning process was being used in NCAA Division I-A athletic departments; to identify the key factors that discourage the above mentioned departments from engaging in strategic planning activities; to develop and recommend a generic strategic planning process model, which could be implemented by the athletic

Athanasios Kriemadis

1997-01-01

319

Strategic corporate social responsibility and economic performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a novel Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) index based on a Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model. Acknowledging the argument that companies might favour those CSR dimensions that provide strategic competitive advantages, we argue that the index can capture companies’ strategic approach to CSR. Furthermore, our findings reveal a neutral relationship between this strategic CSR index and economic performance

Constantin Belu; Cristiana Manescu

2013-01-01

320

STRATEGIC ASSETS, CAPITAL STRUCTURE, AND FIRM PERFORMANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Possession of strategic assets is a necessary condition for sustained competitive advantage. This condition is, however, not sufficient. Firms require financial management capability to realize the rents present in their strategic assets. The firm-specific nature of strategic assets implies that they be financed primarily through equity; other less specific assets should be financed through debt. Firms are likely to suffer

Rahul Kochhar

321

Pathogen Webs in Collapsing Honey Bee Colonies  

PubMed Central

Recent losses in honey bee colonies are unusual in their severity, geographical distribution, and, in some cases, failure to present recognized characteristics of known disease. Domesticated honey bees face numerous pests and pathogens, tempting hypotheses that colony collapses arise from exposure to new or resurgent pathogens. Here we explore the incidence and abundance of currently known honey bee pathogens in colonies suffering from Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), otherwise weak colonies, and strong colonies from across the United States. Although pathogen identities differed between the eastern and western United States, there was a greater incidence and abundance of pathogens in CCD colonies. Pathogen loads were highly covariant in CCD but not control hives, suggesting that CCD colonies rapidly become susceptible to a diverse set of pathogens, or that co-infections can act synergistically to produce the rapid depletion of workers that characterizes the disorder. We also tested workers from a CCD-free apiary to confirm that significant positive correlations among pathogen loads can develop at the level of individual bees and not merely as a secondary effect of CCD. This observation and other recent data highlight pathogen interactions as important components of bee disease. Finally, we used deep RNA sequencing to further characterize microbial diversity in CCD and non-CCD hives. We identified novel strains of the recently described Lake Sinai viruses (LSV) and found evidence of a shift in gut bacterial composition that may be a biomarker of CCD. The results are discussed with respect to host-parasite interactions and other environmental stressors of honey bees.

Cornman, R. Scott; Tarpy, David R.; Chen, Yanping; Jeffreys, Lacey; Lopez, Dawn; Pettis, Jeffery S.; vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Evans, Jay D.

2012-01-01

322

Disney and the presentation of colonial America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the concepts of Disneyfication and Disneyization to discuss the (re)presentation of history at Disney’s American Adventure, Mount Vernon, Monticello, and Colonial Williamsburg. It is argued that these historical properties to varying degrees have adopted Disney principles. While the discussion focuses upon the Disney?like experiences of colonial America at these sites, the piece concludes with a comment on

Laurie A. Meamber

2011-01-01

323

Biomimicry: Further Insights from Ant Colonies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomimicry means learning from nature. Well known examples include physical structures such as the Velcro fastener. But natural\\u000a selection has also “engineered” mechanisms by which the components of adaptive biological systems are organized. For example,\\u000a natural selection has caused the foragers in an ant colony to cooperate and communicate in order to increase the total foraging\\u000a success of the colony.

Francis L. W. Ratnieks

2007-01-01

324

Pathogen webs in collapsing honey bee colonies.  

PubMed

Recent losses in honey bee colonies are unusual in their severity, geographical distribution, and, in some cases, failure to present recognized characteristics of known disease. Domesticated honey bees face numerous pests and pathogens, tempting hypotheses that colony collapses arise from exposure to new or resurgent pathogens. Here we explore the incidence and abundance of currently known honey bee pathogens in colonies suffering from Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), otherwise weak colonies, and strong colonies from across the United States. Although pathogen identities differed between the eastern and western United States, there was a greater incidence and abundance of pathogens in CCD colonies. Pathogen loads were highly covariant in CCD but not control hives, suggesting that CCD colonies rapidly become susceptible to a diverse set of pathogens, or that co-infections can act synergistically to produce the rapid depletion of workers that characterizes the disorder. We also tested workers from a CCD-free apiary to confirm that significant positive correlations among pathogen loads can develop at the level of individual bees and not merely as a secondary effect of CCD. This observation and other recent data highlight pathogen interactions as important components of bee disease. Finally, we used deep RNA sequencing to further characterize microbial diversity in CCD and non-CCD hives. We identified novel strains of the recently described Lake Sinai viruses (LSV) and found evidence of a shift in gut bacterial composition that may be a biomarker of CCD. The results are discussed with respect to host-parasite interactions and other environmental stressors of honey bees. PMID:22927991

Cornman, R Scott; Tarpy, David R; Chen, Yanping; Jeffreys, Lacey; Lopez, Dawn; Pettis, Jeffery S; vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Evans, Jay D

2012-08-21

325

Scientific and practical applications of molecular colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The review briefs the history of the invention of the molecular colony techique, also known as a polony technology; applications\\u000a of this method to studies of the reactions between single RNA molecules, ultrasensitive diagnosis, gene cloning, and in vitro\\u000a screening, as well as the concepts of the origin of life that regard molecular colonies as a prototype of living organisms.

A. B. Chetverin; E. V. Chetverina

2007-01-01

326

Colony fusion causes within-colony variation in a parthenogenetic ant  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolutionary stability of cooperation and altruism in colonies of social insects requires that nestmates be to some extent\\u000a related. An efficient system of discrimination against non-nestmates protects the nest against unrelated conspecifics, which\\u000a might exploit or parasitize the colony. The co-occurrence of unrelated individuals in mature colonies therefore is a rare\\u000a event that deserves more attention. Here, we report

Katrin Kellner; Benjamin Barth; Juergen Heinze

2010-01-01

327

Strategic logistics management in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today’s highly competitive environment, many companies are going global to acquire market share and take advantage of higher production and sourcing efficiencies. A key determinant of business performance is the role of the logistics function in ensuring the smooth flow of materials, products and information throughout the company’s supply chains. To compete effectively, companies must recognize the strategic importance

Chee-Chuong Sum; Chew-Been Teo; Kwan-Kee Ng

2001-01-01

328

Strategic Planning of Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the Ohio Technology Transfer Organization (OTTO) as its primary example, this paper offers a strategic planning perspective on technology transfer and human resources development. First, a brief overview is provided of the maturation of mission priorities and planning processes in higher education in the United States, followed by a…

Groff, Warren H.

329

Strategic facility location: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facility location decisions are a critical element in strategic planning for a wide range of private and public firms. The ramifications of siting facilities are broadly based and long-lasting, impacting numerous operational and logistical decisions. High costs associated with property acquisition and facility construction make facility location or relocation projects long-term investments. To make such undertakings profitable, firms plan for

Susan Hesse Owen; Mark S. Daskin

1998-01-01

330

Strategic interaction and quality choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the quality level choice, emphasising and formally showing the complete role of market structure and strategic interaction between firms on this choice. Historically, the most used model supporting the quality decision is the prevention-appraisal-failure model, which is based solely on the minimisation of the cost of quality. However, as is well known, the quality decision should

Ana S. Branca; Margarida Catalão-Lopes

2011-01-01

331

Community Open Source Strategic Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Strategic Plan describes the goals and objectives of the Community Open Source Program for the next seven years. It builds on the half-century-plus heritage of Open Source Information providers and users in the Intelligence Community. The Plan project...

1995-01-01

332

Strategic Planning: The Catastrophic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews and defines continuity of care, or long term care, as a potential economic catastrophe which requires strategic planning. Proposes a Medicare revision that provides integrated funding for acute, sub-acute, and long-term care as elements of continuity of care. (Author/ABB)

Brody, Stanley J.

1987-01-01

333

Consultancy on Strategic Information Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the workshop, better management through strategic planning of information and consultancy was discussed as one way in which developing and Eastern European countries could tackle the complex information problems they are facing during the transition to a market economy. The sixteen papers in this volume are grouped into three basic categories:…

Pejova, Zdravka, Ed.; Horton, Forest W., Ed.

334

Strategic Plan 1997-2007.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the Strategic Plan and Academic Development Plan for Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) (Hawaii). The goals maintain or add to current practices and directions. The Academic Development Plan should be used as a point of reference, as a planning document, as leverage for initiatives. KCC has as its mission to broaden access…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Kapiolani Community Coll. Office of Institutional Research.

335

Enhancing the Army's Strategic Deployability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the end of the cold war, the US Army has become a force- projection Army with reduced forward basing. With increased overseas commitments, the Army's ability to conduct strategic deployment is more important than ever. In the next decade, the Army w...

W. A. Shoffner

2000-01-01

336

Strategic planning for exploration management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The book begins with a review of the changes now taking place in the petroleum industry, and follows with an overview of strategic planning (what it is, why it often fails, how to make it work, etc.). The authors then review the traditional exploration strategies by illustrating traditional views of explorationists, landmen, and operations managers. The next section involves a

A. N. Quick; N. A. Buck

1983-01-01

337

Strategic Defense Initiative Organization. Directive  

SciTech Connect

The Directive reissues DoD Directive 5141.5, February 21, 1986, and establishes, pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary of Defense under Title 10, United States Code, and National Security Decision Directive 119, January 6, 1984, the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization as an agency of the Department of Defense with responsibilities, functions, relationships, and authorities as prescribed herein.

Furtner, R.

1987-06-04

338

Environmental Assessment for Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The technique of scanning the college environment (on economic, social, technological, and political dimensions for strategic planning purposes) can help identify crucial issues, formulate goals, increase intrainstitutional understanding, and open opportunities. Internal and external communication will be increasingly important in higher…

Cope, Robert G.

1981-01-01

339

Strategic defense initiative: critical issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) as outlined by President Reagan are discussed. The principal objective for SDI is as a defense against ballistic missiles. Soviet objections and a summary of US-USSR dialogue on the subject are reviewed. Most US studies have been critical of SDI. Four critical issues are addressed in depth: are defense weapons technologically feasible

Nuckolls

1985-01-01

340

ASPECTS REGARDING SMEs’ STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of the present research is to formulate a set of pertinent recommendations regarding the efficient adjustment of the principles and instruments of strategic management to the particularities of the SMEs. Thus, the authors intend to clarify the aspects referring to matters such as: the manner of defining the organizational vision and objectives; the drawing up of the

MAGDALENA VORZSÁK; MONICA MARIA COROS

2007-01-01

341

Information Competencies: A Strategic Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will discuss the need to integrate information competencies into engineering programs at the curriculum level. To support this argument, the various opportunities for library instruction available in academic libraries (and the relative effectiveness of each) will be reviewed. It will be argued that the most effective of these is curriculum-integrated instruction, which is competency based and strategic in

Honora F. Nerz; Suzanne T. Weiner

2001-01-01

342

STRATEGIC VOTING FOR ETHNIC PARTIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presumption in the theoretical literature on ethnic mobilization is that voting for ethnic parties is a p urely expressive act, driven by strong psychological attachments and not subject to cost-benefit calculations. Models of strategic voting, meanwhile, make no reference to the ethnic identity of voters and parties, and have been developed and applied mainly within post- industrial societies. They

Kanchan Chandra

2000-01-01

343

Strategic Communication for Tactical Leaders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Strategic communication is a relatively new and currently evolving concept in the U.S. military, and it is currently not widely understood what role, if any, leaders at the tactical level have in it. In order to determine what role tactical-level leaders ...

L. E. Bokma

2010-01-01

344

Strategic Planning in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of strategic planning is to align the institution with the external environment. In fact, it is a complex solution to a complex problem. Environmental change is inevitable and it will always impact one's institution sooner or later. It is better to be proactive, thoughtful, and in charge of change, than to be always in a reactive mode…

Kilfoil, Wendy R.

2003-01-01

345

Strategic Planning for School Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategic planners concerned with such matters as high-achieving students, high-performing teachers, broad-based community support, and a two-way involvement with the community must analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats existing in the school's internal and external environment. A sample SWOT analysis is included. (MLH)|

Herman, Jerry J.

1993-01-01

346

Strategic Approach for Space Acquisition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The impending federal budget reduction is a watershed event for the Department of Defense (DoD) and presents the DoD with an opportunity to implement a new strategic approach for managing its space acquisition portfolio. The looming funding reduction, in ...

T. Rade

2012-01-01

347

Strategic defenses and arms control  

SciTech Connect

This book is an inquiry into the question of whether strategic defense systems can actually help promote arms control and, therefore, reduce the risk of nuclear war. It is based on the presupposition that, if feasible, a defense-dominated world would be safer and more desirable than the present world situation, which is kept in check by the rules of mutual assured destruction.

Weinberg, A.M.; Barkenbus, J.N.

1987-01-01

348

Manufacturing Flexibility: A Strategic Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

To help meet competitive realities operations managers need to know more about the strategic aspects of manufacturing flexibility. This paper takes steps toward meeting that need by critically reviewing the literature and establishing a research agenda for the area. A conceptual model, which places flexibility within a broad context, helps to identify certain assumptions of theoretical studies which need to

Donald Gerwin

1993-01-01

349

National Nanotechnology Initiative Strategic Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is the strategic plan for the NNI. It describes the NNI vision and goals and the strategies by which these goals are to be achieved. The plan includes a description of the NNI investment strategy and the program component areas called for by...

2011-01-01

350

Linebacker II: Achieving Strategic Surprise.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the Linebacker II campaign conducted at the end of the Vietnam War. During an eleven-day period between 18 and 29 December, 1972, strategic airpower was used to coerce the North Vietnamese Government back to negotiations aimed at endin...

G. S. Clark

2002-01-01

351

Strategic School Planning in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study aimed to measuring the applying degree of the strategic school planning stages at the Governmental high schools from the educational supervisors and principals perspective in the directorates related to Amman city, the study society was formed of the educational supervisors and principals working at Educational directorates related to…

Al-Zboon, Mohammad Saleem; Hasan, Manal Subhi

2012-01-01

352

Strategic management of educational development  

Microsoft Academic Search

As universities become increasingly accountable for the quality of their teaching and learning, alongside the quality of their research, academics need to improve their understanding of the educational process. The traditional response has been to provide staff development courses for academics to improve their teaching skills. Argues that universities additionally need to strengthen the more strategic role of educational development,

Priscilla Chadwick

1996-01-01

353

Swedish Strategic Culture after 1945  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the evolution of Swedish strategic culture during the twentieth century and up to the present.Although Sweden is the only Scandinavian country that has stayed out of war since the age of Napoleon, it still has proud military traditions stemming from Sweden's age of empire (1561–1721) and from the Cold War period, when this nonaligned country became partly

Gunnar Åselius

2005-01-01

354

10?Learning and Strategic Alliances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various researchers have suggested that an important explanatory factor for the growth in strategic alliances is that alliances provide a platform for organizational learning, giving firms access to the knowledge of their partners. The notion that alliances are a vehicle for learning is the basis for an important and cross-disciplinary stream of research. This chapter examines theoretical and empirical research

Andrew C. Inkpen; Eric W. K. Tsang

2007-01-01

355

Strategic Thresholds and its Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at defining a Strategic Threshold or Flash points for each strategy followed by the society as a whole. The paper attempts at analyzing interactions between two groups and the effect of change in trust on the path traversed. The paper draws analogy to the behavior of atoms\\/molecules during a chemical reaction to the influence of Information (positive

Sandhya Mishra

2011-01-01

356

Environmental Restoration Program Roadmap: Strategic program plan  

SciTech Connect

This document is a strategic plan for accomplishing environmental restoration objectives at the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS). Waste Management (WM) for environmental restoration activities and integration of these activities into the PORTS WM operations is addressed in this document. The document provides detailed information concerning specific assumptions and activities required to meet DOE`s environmental restoration objectives at this site. Environmental contamination at PORTS consists mainly of spent solvents and low level radionuclides. Solvents were used for industrial metal cleaning operations required to maintain the process during operations. Plumes of groundwater contamination resulting from past disposal of these spent solvents in landfills and impoundments extend from several locations within the site. Also, two sludge impoundments associated with a chromate reduction facility were characterized as having soil and groundwater contaminated with hexavalent chromium.

Not Available

1992-09-30

357

Strategic learning in healthcare organizations.  

PubMed

There is no definitive blueprint for the healthcare organization involved in strategic learning. However, what distinguishes strategic learning institutions is their acknowledgment that they must discover their own paths and solutions rather than blindly follow a detailed strategic mandate from administration. Answers to their most critical implementation and adaptive questions will not flow down ready-made from above, but will be tailored to meet the requirements of their own particular situation. Strategic learning organizations have certain attributes in common in developing their own answers: They continuously experiment rather than seek final solutions. They favor improvisation over forecasts. They formulate new actions rather than defend past ones. They nurture change rather than permanence. They encourage creative conflict rather than tranquillity. They encourage questioning rather than compliance. They expose contradictions rather than hide them (Weick 1977). Most importantly, strategic learning organizations realize that successful strategic change is best undertaken as a process of learning (O'Sullivan 1999). Healthcare organizations can no longer afford the illusion of traditional strategic planning, with its emphasis on bureaucratic controls from the top to the bottom. They must embrace the fundamental truth that most change occurs through processes of learning that occur in many locations simultaneously throughout the organization. The initial step in discovering ways to improve the capability of healthcare organizations is to adapt continuously while fulfilling their mission. Healthcare leaders must create a shared vision of where an institution is heading rather than what the final destination will be, nurture a spirit of experimentation and discovery rather than close supervision and unbending control, and recognize that plans have to be continuously changed and adjusted. To learn means to face the unknown: to recognize that we do not possess all the answers; to concede that we do not always know what to do; to admit that past actions and solutions may no longer be appropriate, in fact may have been the incubators of today's problems; to question basic assumptions long held about running the institution; and to make ourselves vulnerable to the political dynamics prevalent in all organizations. Hospitals and other healthcare organizations must seek to develop and maintain a continuing state of readiness in which everyone in the organization, from front-line clinician to senior management, is poised to act in anticipation of and in response to unforeseen changes in the environment and to learn from their own experiences in confronting the future. PMID:10787685

O'Sullivan, M J

1999-01-01

358

Spleen volume varies with colony size and parasite load in a colonial bird.  

PubMed Central

Comparisons across bird species have indicated that those more exposed to parasites and pathogens invest more in immunological defence, as measured by spleen size. We investigated how spleen volume varied with colony size, parasite load and an individual's colony-size history in the cliff swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, a colonial passerine bird of North America. We used a sample of over 1700 birds that had all died during a period of inclement weather in 1996. We experimentally manipulated ectoparasitism by fumigating nests in some colonies prior to the bad weather. Birds from parasite-free colonies had significantly smaller spleens than those from naturally infested sites; spleen volume did not differ between the sexes and did not vary with age. Mean spleen volume increased significantly with the colony size at a site prior to the bad weather in 1996 and at the site in 1995, both measures of colony size being indices of ectoparasitism at a site. An individual's history of breeding-colony size (defined as the average colony size it had occupied in years prior to 1996) had no association with its spleen size. The results are consistent with parasite-induced splenomegaly whenever birds are exposed to large numbers of ectoparasites. The results do not support spleen size as being a signal of differential life-history investment in immunological defence among individuals and thus run counter to interpretations from recent cross-species comparisons.

Brown, Charles R; Bomberger Brown, Mary

2002-01-01

359

Carlsbad Area Office strategic plan, March 1995. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Carlsbad Area Office Strategic Plan captures the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) new focus, and supersedes the edition issued previously (DOE, 1993a). This revision reflects: a revised strategy designed to demonstrate compliance with environmental regulations earlier than the previous course of action; and a focus on establishment of standardized transuranic waste characterization and acceptance criteria for disposal facilities.

NONE

1995-03-01

360

Multiple colony ant algorithm for job-shop scheduling problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony optimization (ACO) is a metaheuristic that takes inspiration from the foraging behaviour of a real ant colony to solve the optimization problem. This paper presents a multiple colony ant algorithm to solve the Job-shop Scheduling Problem with the objective that minimizes the makespan. In a multiple colony ant algorithm, ants cooperate to find good solutions by exchanging information

A. Udomsakdigool; V. Kachitvichyanukul

2008-01-01

361

How Did Colonialism Dispossess? Comments from an Edge of Empire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emphasis on culture in studies of colonialism tends to obscure other forms of colonial power while making it impossible to contextualize the cultural argument and assess its salience. Rather than focusing on texts, systems of signification, and procedures of knowledge generation, as the colonial discourse literature is wont to do, a fuller understanding of colonial powers is achieved by

Cole Harris

2004-01-01

362

The honeybee queen influences the regulation of colony drone production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social insect colonies invest in reproduction and growth, but how colonies achieve an adaptive allocation to these life-history characters remains an open question in social insect biology. Attempts to understand how a colony's investment in reproduction is shaped by the queen and the workers have proved complicated because of the potential for queen--worker conflict over the colony's investment in males

Katie E. Wharton; Fred C. Dyer; Zachary Y. Huang

2007-01-01

363

Automated counting of bacterial colony forming units on agar plates.  

PubMed

Manual counting of bacterial colony forming units (CFUs) on agar plates is laborious and error-prone. We therefore implemented a colony counting system with a novel segmentation algorithm to discriminate bacterial colonies from blood and other agar plates.A colony counter hardware was designed and a novel segmentation algorithm was written in MATLAB. In brief, pre-processing with Top-Hat-filtering to obtain a uniform background was followed by the segmentation step, during which the colony images were extracted from the blood agar and individual colonies were separated. A Bayes classifier was then applied to count the final number of bacterial colonies as some of the colonies could still be concatenated to form larger groups. To assess accuracy and performance of the colony counter, we tested automated colony counting of different agar plates with known CFU numbers of S. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa and M. catarrhalis and showed excellent performance. PMID:22448267

Brugger, Silvio D; Baumberger, Christian; Jost, Marcel; Jenni, Werner; Brugger, Urs; Mühlemann, Kathrin

2012-03-20

364

Parasitism and phenotypic change in colonial hosts.  

PubMed

Changes in host phenotype are often attributed to manipulation that enables parasites to complete trophic transmission cycles. We characterized changes in host phenotype in a colonial host–endoparasite system that lacks trophic transmission (the freshwater bryozoan Fredericella sultana and myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae). We show that parasitism exerts opposing phenotypic effects at the colony and module levels. Thus, overt infection (the development of infectious spores in the host body cavity) was linked to a reduction in colony size and growth rate, while colony modules exhibited a form of gigantism. Larger modules may support larger parasite sacs and increase metabolite availability to the parasite. Host metabolic rates were lower in overtly infected relative to uninfected hosts that were not investing in propagule production. This suggests a role for direct resource competition and active parasite manipulation (castration) in driving the expression of the infected phenotype. The malformed offspring (statoblasts) of infected colonies had greatly reduced hatching success. Coupled with the severe reduction in statoblast production this suggests that vertical transmission is rare in overtly infected modules. We show that although the parasite can occasionally infect statoblasts during overt infections, no infections were detected in the surviving mature offspring, suggesting that during overt infections, horizontal transmission incurs a trade-off with vertical transmission. PMID:23965820

Hartikainen, Hanna; Fontes, Inês; Okamura, Beth

2013-09-01

365

Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study  

PubMed Central

Background Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to better characterize CCD and compare risk factor exposure between populations afflicted by and not afflicted by CCD. Methods and Principal Findings Of 61 quantified variables (including adult bee physiology, pathogen loads, and pesticide levels), no single measure emerged as a most-likely cause of CCD. Bees in CCD colonies had higher pathogen loads and were co-infected with a greater number of pathogens than control populations, suggesting either an increased exposure to pathogens or a reduced resistance of bees toward pathogens. Levels of the synthetic acaricide coumaphos (used by beekeepers to control the parasitic mite Varroa destructor) were higher in control colonies than CCD-affected colonies. Conclusions/Significance This is the first comprehensive survey of CCD-affected bee populations that suggests CCD involves an interaction between pathogens and other stress factors. We present evidence that this condition is contagious or the result of exposure to a common risk factor. Potentially important areas for future hypothesis-driven research, including the possible legacy effect of mite parasitism and the role of honey bee resistance to pesticides, are highlighted.

vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Evans, Jay D.; Saegerman, Claude; Mullin, Chris; Haubruge, Eric; Nguyen, Bach Kim; Frazier, Maryann; Frazier, Jim; Cox-Foster, Diana; Chen, Yanping; Underwood, Robyn; Tarpy, David R.; Pettis, Jeffery S.

2009-01-01

366

Strategic Defense Initiative - an overview  

SciTech Connect

A general framework for developing the concept and implementing options for strategic ballistic missile defense systems is emerging. The objective of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) program is to conduct research on those technologies for defensive system which could intercept ballistic missiles after they have been launched and prevent them from hitting their targets. Its goal is to acquire the technical knowledge as a basis for a later decision on deployment, not a program for deployment or star wars. Abrahamson reviews the basic technological questions facing researchers, outlines the multi-layered defense possibilities and summarizes the status of technology to date. He argues for a continuity of resources to conduct the program. 4 figures.

Abrahamson, J.A.

1985-01-01

367

Strategic interventions with involuntary patients.  

PubMed

For successful treatment of involuntary patients who resist change, therapists from all schools of thought use numerous interventions. A variety of interventions, from the general strategic therapy approach to tactics for dealing with specific behavioral symptoms, are described. Strong emphasis in applying interventions is placed on the therapist's controlling the therapeutic relationship and establishing the patient's responsibility for his behaviors. Guidelines are also given for the effective use of interventions and the precautions in applying them. PMID:7419178

Wathney, S; Baldridge, B

1980-10-01

368

Airport management: a strategic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a Dynamic Balanced Scorecard (DBSC) is used for the main purpose of indicating strategy implementation avenues\\u000a to managers so as to equip them with more efficient decision-making tools. To that end, Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision-Making\\u000a methodology is used as a source of technical support in formulating a cause and effect system and fuzzy strategic indicators.\\u000a This methodological instrument

Elton Fernandes; Ricardo Rodrigues Pacheco

2007-01-01

369

Improved methods for strategic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a summary description of the research carried out by Science Applications, Inc. (SAI) in 1980–1981 to improve methods of strategic analysis. “People-in-the-loop” gaming, with extensive support from computer simulations, automated data bases, and an interactive computer and display system are at the heart of SAI's methodology. The basic approach proposed for achieving the Department of Defense (DoD)

J. J. Martin; Douglas C. Olin

1982-01-01

370

Strategic alignment: a practitioner's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Organizations are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of aligning information systems with organizational processes, goals and strategies. One way of representing and analysing strategic alignment is through the creation of a causal-loop diagram, a subject which this paper seeks to examine. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The exploratory research presented here involved six senior IS\\/IT managers during three two-hour focus

Bruce Campbell; Robert Kay; David Avison

2005-01-01

371

Do strategic alliances create value?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate share price responses to the formation of 345 strategic alliances spanning 1983–1992. The average stock price response is positive, with no evidence of wealth transfers. This is true for horizontal alliances (involving partner firms in industries with the same three-digit SIC codes) as well as non-horizontal alliances. For horizontal alliances, more value accrues when the alliance involves the

Su Han Chan; John W. Kensinger; Arthur J. Keown; John D. Martin

1997-01-01

372

Strategic Tool Use: Domino Math  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This professional development video clip of students engaged in Common Core Practice Standard #5- Use appropriate tools strategically, shows a classroom of kindergarten students exploring properties of addition utilizing dominoes. Through this clip, Mrs. Wright demonstrates how to use dominoes to show addition sentences and begins to lay the framework for the zero property and commutative property. Additional resources include a video transcript and teaching tips.

Boston, Wghb

2013-01-01

373

Task 7.1 - Strategic Planning  

SciTech Connect

Energy industry decisions on resources, utilization technologies, and environmental control measures are made in reference to changing patterns of fuel cost and availability, emerging technological choices, externality impacts, and governmental policies, statutes, and regulations. The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) has endeavored to maintain a highly relevant research focus through activities dating back to the benchmark 1980 Low-Rank Coal Study, 1983 defederalization plans, and the 1991 comprehensive white paper on energy policy and technologies. Work was completed in FY94 on an energy and environmental profile for selected East Central European nations and more recently on a series of in-house white papers dealing with key environmental issues including global warming. Task 7.0 continues a limited effort devoted to strategic studies under the base Cooperative Agreement. The objective of this activity is to understand the potentialities, limitations, and status of competing energy technologies in terms of scientific basis, state of development, technical barriers, cost, efficiency, policy treatment, and environmental performance for the purpose of planning and evaluating research activities under the Cooperative Agreement. This work is to provide guidance in planning the broad outline for future research under the Cooperative Agreement in keeping with industry needs and national goals. This is being accomplished through the combination of directed studies, under Activity 1, Technical Assessment, and under Activity 2, Technical Oversight.

Daniel J. Daly; Evertt A. Sondreal

1998-01-01

374

Environmental Restoration Program Roadmap: Strategic program plan  

SciTech Connect

This document is a strategic plan for accomplishing environmental restoration objectives at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS). Waste Management (WM) for environmental restoration activities and integration of these activities into the PORTS WM operations is addressed in this document. The document provides detailed information concerning specific assumptions and activities required to meet DOE's environmental restoration objectives at this site. Environmental contamination at PORTS consists mainly of spent solvents and low level radionuclides. Solvents were used for industrial metal cleaning operations required to maintain the process during operations. Plumes of groundwater contamination resulting from past disposal of these spent solvents in landfills and impoundments extend from several locations within the site. Also, two sludge impoundments associated with a chromate reduction facility were characterized as having soil and groundwater contaminated with hexavalent chromium.

Not Available

1992-09-30

375

Research and technology for strategic defense  

SciTech Connect

In response to President Reagan's speech related to the objective for putting an end to the threat of nuclear ballistic missiles, an intensive study was conducted by the Dept. of Defense regarding the technologies applicable to ballistic-missile defense. It was concluded that emerging technologies do hold substantial promise for achieving the President's long-term ballistic-missile defense goal. The committee recommended a long-term program to bring the new technologies to a point of readiness where a decision could be made whether to enter full-scale development. Based on the results of the study, DOD has established a new program for the President's Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Details regarding the SDI program are discussed. Surveillance, acquisition, tracking, and kill assessment (SATKA) programs will culminate in technical demonstrations. Attention is given to directed energy weapons, battle management, and survivable defenses.

Rankine, R.R. Jr.

1984-04-01

376

THE COLONY MORPHOLOGY OF TUBERCLE BACILLI  

PubMed Central

1. Smooth, round, shiny, non-granular, and non-spreading colonies have been observed in cultures of virulent tubercle bacilli freshly isolated from eight human sources other than sputum. The classification of six of these strains as of human type was established by inoculation into rabbits and guinea pigs. 2. The 3 per cent NaOH or 6 per cent H2SO4 frequently used in the isolation of tubercle bacilli are definitely unfavorable to the development of smooth colonies. 3. It was observed that smooth colonies are produced in greater number when the pH of the medium (Corper's egg yolk-glycerine) is adjusted to a point near to but slightly on the acid side of neutral.

Smithburn, Kenneth C.

1935-01-01

377

Evangelists of Empire? Missionaries in Colonial History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The role of missionaries in the process of colonization has intrigued historians and others for decades, and this compilation of scholarly works on this subject is quite a find. This set of papers was published by the eScholarship Research Centre at The University of Melbourne in July 2008, and it contains fifteen works that look at "current concepts of gender, race and colonial governance." Drawing on a range of methodological and theoretical approaches, the works are divided into thematic sections such as "Consolidating the Missionary Project" and "A Global Mission". Within these sections, visitors will find papers that include "Imperial Critics: Moravian Missionaries in the British Colonial World" and "Missions, Colonialism and the Politics of Agency". For persons with an interest in these types of historical explorations, this site will prove quite indispensable.

378

Multi-Megawatt Gas Turbine Power Systems for Lunar Colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A concept for development of second generation 10 MWe prototype lunar power plant utilizing a gas cooled fission reactor supplying heated helium working fluid to two parallel 5 MWe closed cycle gas turbines is presented. Such a power system is expected to supply the energy needs for an initial lunar colony with a crew of up to 50 persons engaged in mining and manufacturing activities. System performance and mass details were generated by an author developed code (BRMAPS). The proposed pilot power plant can be a model for future plants of the same capacity that could be tied to an evolutionary lunar power grid.

Juhasz, Albert J.

2006-12-01

379

The Colonie FUSRAP Site: CY2002 Situation Report  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a summary of accomplishments at the Colonie FUSRAP Site in Fiscal Year 2002. During this period several significant milestones were achieved and have set the stage for the project to be completed in a more comprehensive manner, ahead of schedule and at a lower cost than the original Remedial Plan inherited from the Dept of Energy in 1997. Discussion of the DOE and subsequent USACE remedial plans is included along with summary level discussions of the key site infrastructure and remedial elements.

Sheeran, A. R.; Dufek, K.; Moore, J.

2003-02-26

380

The effects of colony-level selection on the social organization of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies: colony-level components of pollen hoarding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two-way selection for quantities of stored pollen resulted in the production of high and low pollen hoarding strains of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Strains differed in areas of stored pollen after a single generation of selection and, by the third generation, the high strain colonies stored an average 6 times more pollen than low strain colonies. Colony-level organizational components

Robert E. Page; M. Kim Fondrk

1995-01-01

381

Drug therapy in colonial and revolutionary America.  

PubMed

Drug therapy during the Colonial and Revolutionary War period in America is discussed. Therapy in the 17th and 18th centuries remained largely symptomatic rather than curative. Treatment included such "depletion" measures as purging, sweating, bleeding, blistering and vomiting. Purgatives, emetics, opium, cinchona bark, camphor, potassium nitrate and mercury were among the most widely used drugs. European herbals, dispensatories and textbooks were used in the American colonies, and beginning in the early 18th century, British "patent medicines" were imported. During the Revolutionary War, the supply of drugs from Britain was cut off. The Continental Congress established laboratories and storehouses to serve the needs of the army. PMID:782235

Parascandola, J

1976-08-01

382

Survey of the Literature on Limited Strategic War and Strategic Nuclear War Termination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The note is a compendium of summaries of the significant unclassified literature on the subject of limited strategic warfare and war termination. The material on limited strategic warfare has been categorized by four schools of thought on the problems of ...

M. B. Schneider

1974-01-01

383

77 FR 54615 - Strategic Management Program; Fiscal Year 2013-2016 Strategic Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2010-2015 strategic plan was published in January 2010. This document updates that plan, incorporating a revised mission statement, expanded core values including diversity and inclusion in the workplace, streamlined strategic goals and...

2012-09-05

384

NERSC Strategic Implementation Plan 2002-2006  

SciTech Connect

This strategic proposal presents NERSC's vision for its activities and new directions over the next five years. NERSC's continuing commitment to providing high-end systems and comprehensive scientific support for its users will be enhanced, and these activities will be augmented by two new strategic thrusts: support for Scientific Challenge Teams and deployment of a Unified Science Environment. The proposal is in two volumes, the Strategic Plan and the Implementation Plan.

Kramer, William; Bethel, Wes; Craw, James; Draney, Brent; Fortney, William; Gorda, Brend; Harris, William; Meyer, Nancy; Ng, Esmond; Verdier, Francesca; Walter, Howard; Welcome, Tammy

2002-09-01

385

Strategic management for visitor-oriented museums  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Strategic management is a familiar concept in for-profit organisations but is relatively new to museums. This paper presents and discusses a model of strategic management for visitor-oriented museums that aims to be more comprehensive than current approaches. It shows how museums can overcome the tension between the strategic demand to develop visitor-oriented museum services and the duties and social

Eva M. Reussner

2003-01-01

386

Strategic Partnership Program Agroterrorism (SPPA) Initiative ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Strategic Partnership Program Agroterrorism (SPPA) Initiative: CARVER Assessments September 2005-December 2006 Response Form. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/fooddefense/fooddefenseprograms

387

Watching the aurora from Colonial America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of geophysics in early America is a fragmented and rarely told story. Its beginning predated the actual rise of America as a nation, and its development can be traced even through the years of the American Revolution. It seems appropriate to look back to these Colonial times to reflect, as part of science's input to the Bicentennial Year,

Michael Mendillo; John Keady

1976-01-01

388

Teamwork in Self-Organized Robot Colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Swarm robotics draws inspiration from decentral- ized self-organizing biological systems in general and from the collective behavior of social insects in particular. In social insect colonies, many tasks are performed by higher order group or team entities, whose task-solving capacities transcend those of the individual participants. In this paper, we investigate the emergence of such higher order entities. We report

Shervin Nouyan; Roderich Gross; Michael Bonani; Francesco Mondada; Marco Dorigo

2009-01-01

389

Land Rover and colonial-style adventure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the infamous Land Rover ‘Himba’ advertisement (2000) that shocked South Africans because of its racism and sexism. The South African Advertising Standards Authority ruled that the advertisement constituted a violation of human dignity that perpetuated gender and cultural inequality. This article takes the position that the Himba advertisement builds on the colonial notions of adventure, exploration and

Jeanne Van Eeden

2006-01-01

390

Economic Development of British Colonial America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

Zabin, Serena

391

FAMILY LIFE IN THE ICARIAN COLONY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unusual features of the Icarian Colony included the emphasis on equality in participation in the social organization by all age groups. The men, their wives, and their children all had a contribution to make through various roles. These roles included the positions of responsibility in the daily life of the group, in the governance of the Society, in the

LILLIAN SNYDER

1983-01-01

392

Education and Evangelism in the English Colonies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article considers two related educational endeavors of the Massachusetts colony. The first is the colonists' efforts to pass their religious traditions to their children. The second is the effort of missionaries to spread the Christian faith to Native Americans. In both cases, the colonists wanted their children and the American Indians to…

Watras, Joseph

2008-01-01

393

Buckling instability in ordered bacterial colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bacterial colonies often exhibit complex spatio-temporal organization. This collective behavior is affected by a multitude of factors ranging from the properties of individual cells (shape, motility, membrane structure) to chemotaxis and other means of cell-cell communication. One of the important but often overlooked mechanisms of spatio-temporal organization is direct mechanical contact among cells in dense colonies such as biofilms. While in natural habitats all these different mechanisms and factors act in concert, one can use laboratory cell cultures to study certain mechanisms in isolation. Recent work demonstrated that growth and ensuing expansion flow of rod-like bacteria Escherichia coli in confined environments leads to orientation of cells along the flow direction and thus to ordering of cells. However, the cell orientational ordering remained imperfect. In this paper we study one mechanism responsible for the persistence of disorder in growing cell populations. We demonstrate experimentally that a growing colony of nematically ordered cells is prone to the buckling instability. Our theoretical analysis and discrete-element simulations suggest that the nature of this instability is related to the anisotropy of the stress tensor in the ordered cell colony.

Boyer, Denis; Mather, William; Mondragón-Palomino, Octavio; Orozco-Fuentes, Sirio; Danino, Tal; Hasty, Jeff; Tsimring, Lev S.

2011-04-01

394

A Bicentennial Without a Puerto Rican Colony  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States revolution of 1776 is said to lose validity in light of Puerto Rico's colonial situation under American rule. The plight of the Puerto Rican people is compared to that of the Euro-American settlers under the thumb-screw of British imperialism. (Author/AM)|

Thomas, Piri

1975-01-01

395

The Colonialism of the English Only Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that attempts to institute proper and effective methods of educating non English speaking students cannot be reduced simply to issues of language, but rest on a full understanding of the ideological elements that generate and sustain linguistic, cultural, and racial discrimination, which represent vestiges of a colonial legacy in today's…

Macedo, Donaldo

2000-01-01

396

Buckling instability in ordered bacterial colonies  

PubMed Central

Bacterial colonies often exhibit complex spatio-temporal organization. This collective behavior is affected by a multitude of factors ranging from the properties of individual cells (shape, motility, membrane structure) to chemotaxis and other means of cell–cell communication. One of the important but often overlooked mechanisms of spatio-temporal organization is direct mechanical contact among cells in dense colonies such as biofilms. While in natural habitats all these different mechanisms and factors act in concert, one can use laboratory cell cultures to study certain mechanisms in isolation. Recent work demonstrated that growth and ensuing expansion flow of rod-like bacteria Escherichia coli in confined environments leads to orientation of cells along the flow direction and thus to ordering of cells. However, the cell orientational ordering remained imperfect. In this paper we study one mechanism responsible for the persistence of disorder in growing cell populations. We demonstrate experimentally that a growing colony of nematically ordered cells is prone to the buckling instability. Our theoretical analysis and discrete-element simulations suggest that the nature of this instability is related to the anisotropy of the stress tensor in the ordered cell colony.

Boyer, Denis; Mather, William; Mondragon-Palomino, Octavio; Orozco-Fuentes, Sirio; Danino, Tal; Hasty, Jeff; Tsimring, Lev S

2013-01-01

397

Colonial Continuities and Educational Inequalities in Indonesia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the effect of 350 years of Dutch colonial rule upon Indonesian educational policies and the resulting regional inequalities in education. It was Dutch policy not to educate most of the children from the poorer social classes, but to use education to maintain and strengthen the existing social structure. Education was also used…

Carpenter, Harold F., Jr.

398

THE INTRODUCTION OF CATTLE INTO COLONIAL NORTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scarcity of data relative to the first importations of cattle into Colonial North America has lent obscurity to one of the most interesting phases of early American husbandry. In fact this paucity and incomplete- ness of information dealing with the introduction of cattle into what is now the United States of America has led many authors in the field

G. A. BOWLING

399

Religion and Nationhood in Late Colonial India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines the relationship between religion and the concept of nationhood in late colonial India. Religion was a crucial element in the formation of modern states in the early 20th century in South Asia. Different religious groups had different opinions about nation: Hindus and Muslims had different ideas of nationhood; even within the Hindu tradition, the Hindus themselves had

Chao Ren

2011-01-01

400

Pioneer medical missions in colonial Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Protestant and Roman Catholic missions pioneered Western medicine and public health in much of Africa decades in advance of health services provided by colonial governments. A century later church-based hospitals and health care programs continue to account for 25% to 50% of available services in most African countries. In view of the important historical and continuing role of medical missions

Charles M. Good

1991-01-01

401

Colonialism, state and policing in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Police forces in Nigeria have been variously described as corrupt, oppressive and subservient to the whims and caprices of the government of the day. This paper analyses the development of police forces in Nigeria since the era of British colonial domination in the country. Police corruption and repression in Nigeria is analyzed in the context of the wider political and

Etannibi E. O. Alemika

1993-01-01

402

Disability, Schooling, and the Artifacts of Colonialism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rejects the essentialist notion of the need to exclude children with disabilities from the school community, tracing the origin of disability segregation to the advent of western colonialism and demonstrating the symbiotic relationship between cultural and racial oppression and the oppression of people with disabilities. The paper strongly…

Kliewer, Christopher; Fitzgerald, Linda May

2001-01-01

403

The Sphere of Women in Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project is a unit of six lessons designed to study and understand the roles and expectations of women in the colonial period. The unit provides an historical perspective on those expectations, examines how both men and women viewed the sphere of women, and how enlightened thought on this topic began to emerge during this revolutionary time.…

Cook, Robert

404

The Sphere of Women in Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project is a unit of six lessons designed to study and understand the roles and expectations of women in the colonial period. The unit provides an historical perspective on those expectations, examines how both men and women viewed the sphere of women, and how enlightened thought on this topic began to emerge during this revolutionary time.…

Cook, Robert

405

Tswana architecture and responses to colonialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

When considering the nature of culture contact and colonialism it is as important to study the continuities in the host society, as it is to study the impositions made by incoming peoples. The diverse relationships between colonised and colonising societies are likely to be played out in aspects of material culture. This study examines Ntsweng and Phalatswe, two Tswana settlements

Andrew Reid; Alinah Segobye; Lowe Borjeson; Nonofo Mathibidi; Princess Sekgarametso

1997-01-01

406

Modeling Ant Colony Algorithms Using Learning Automata  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant colony algorithms are a group of heuristic optimization algorithms that have been inspired by ants foraging for food. In these algorithms there are some agents, the ants, that for finding the suitable solution, search the solution space. On the other hand, Learning Automata is an abstract model that can do finite actions. Each selected action is evaluated by a

F. Abdali; M. R. Meybodi

407

Pheromone models in ant colony optimization (ACO)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ant Colony Optimization is a constructive meta-heuristic that uses an analogue of ant trail pheromones to learn about good features of solutions. In this paper, using the difference equations as a tool of research, we propose the mathematical model of the distribution of pheromone at the classic double bridge experiment, explain the mathematical model of the pheromone function in the

E. Foundas

2006-01-01

408

Order and instabilities in dense bacterial colonies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure of cell colonies is governed by the interplay of many physical and biological factors, ranging from properties of surrounding media to cell-cell communication and gene expression in individual cells. The biomechanical interactions arising from the growth and division of individual cells in confined environments are ubiquitous, yet little work has focused on this fundamental aspect of colony formation. By combining experimental observations of growing monolayers of non-motile strain of bacteria Escherichia coli in a shallow microfluidic chemostat with discrete-element simulations and continuous theory, we demonstrate that expansion of a dense colony leads to rapid orientational alignment of rod-like cells. However, in larger colonies, anisotropic compression may lead to buckling instability which breaks perfect nematic order. Furthermore, we found that in shallow cavities feedback between cell growth and mobility in a confined environment leads to a novel cell streaming instability. Joint work with W. Mather, D. Volfson, O. Mondrag'on-Palomino, T. Danino, S. Cookson, and J. Hasty (UCSD) and D. Boyer, S. Orozco-Fuentes (UNAM, Mexico).

Tsimring, Lev

2012-02-01

409

A Bicentennial Without a Puerto Rican Colony  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States revolution of 1776 is said to lose validity in light of Puerto Rico's colonial situation under American rule. The plight of the Puerto Rican people is compared to that of the Euro-American settlers under the thumb-screw of British imperialism. (Author/AM)

Thomas, Piri

1975-01-01

410

The colonial origins of Civil War  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dominant hypothesis in the literature that studies conflict is that poverty is the main cause of civil wars. We instead analyze the effect of institutions on civil war, controlling for income per capita. In our set up, institutions are endogenous and colonial origins affect civil wars through their legacy on institutions. Our results indicate that institutions, proxied by the

Simeon Djankov; Marta Reynal-Querol

2007-01-01

411

Gained horizons: Buddhism in Tibetan colonial travelogues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay focuses on the earliest British travel narratives to Tibet and on colonial culture's reception of Tibetan Buddhism. It addresses the related discourses of commerce and religion to show how the interplay of free?market ideology and Buddhist culture, at work in these travelogues, enlarged the boundaries of Britain's imagined community, while complicating the Romantic hegemonic construction of Hinduism.

Elena Spandri

2009-01-01

412

National Center for Combating Terrorism Strategic Plan, September 2003  

SciTech Connect

National Center for Combating Terrorism Strategic Plan is to document the mission, vision, and goals for success; define the build plan; and describe initiatives that support the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Justice, intelligence community, National Governors Association, and other organizations or departments with combating terrorism training, testing, and technology responsibilities.

Bechtel Nevada

2003-09-01

413

Strategic profiles and Internet Performance: An empirical investigation into the development of a strategic Internet system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations continue to work on defining and developing better strategic Internet systems. The use of the Internet should not, however, adversely affect their existing business processes but rather incorporate and support them. Therefore, developing a strategic Internet system should support their strategic profile while providing high performance from its use. We took a new approach to Internet development by analyzing

Charles H. Apigian; Bhanu S. Ragu-Nathan; T. S. Ragu-Nathan

2006-01-01

414

Research on Formation and Effect on Strategic Change of Strategic Momentum Based on Case Study of Chinese Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the effect of financial crisis and economic globalization in recent years, entrepreneurs and scholars begin to focus on keeping competitive advantages through strategic change. As on of the most important driving force of strategic change, strategic momentum guides and identifies the direction of strategic change of enterprises. And strategic change in stable environment also helps enterprises to embrace the

Shui Yu; Yanxi Li

2010-01-01

415

Reflections on strategic nurse leadership.  

PubMed

This paper sets out some personal reflections by the Chief Nursing Officer for Wales on the challenges facing nurses and midwives as they undertake strategic leadership roles in NHS organisations. The paper looks at the national approach taken in Wales where behavioural competencies for executive nurse directors have been implemented. It considers the implications of the breadth of responsibilities executive nurse directors have and the importance of developing and supporting middle grade nurse managers and clinical directors. It concludes by looking at who is responsible for care within an organisation. PMID:23050616

White, Jean

2012-10-01

416

Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research. Final technical report for FY85  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) has extensive facilities and expertise for underground storage of crude oil but limited analytical laboratory capabilities. The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, has extensive experience in petroleum testing and has served as the analytical support laboratory for SPRO

P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay; B. H. Diehl; K. W. Hornung

1985-01-01

417

Strategic Petroleum Reserve supporting research. Final technical report for FY 84 work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) of the US Department of Energy has extensive facilities and expertise for underground storage of crude oil but limited analytical laboratory capabilities. The National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER, formerly Bartlesville Energy Technology Center) has extensive experience in petroleum testing and has served as the analytical support laboratory for SPRO since 1978.

P. W. Woodward; J. Y. Shay

1984-01-01

418

JAX Colony Management System (JCMS): an extensible colony and phenotype data management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Jackson Laboratory Colony Management System (JCMS) is a software application for managing data and information related\\u000a to research mouse colonies, associated biospecimens, and experimental protocols. JCMS runs directly on computers that run\\u000a one of the PC Windows® operating systems, but can be accessed via web browser interfaces from any computer running a Windows, Macintosh®, or Linux® operating system. JCMS

Chuck J. Donnelly; Mike McFarland; Abigail Ames; Beth Sundberg; Dave Springer; Peter Blauth; Carol J. Bult

2010-01-01

419

Evaluation of an Automatic Electronic Device for Counting Bacterial Colonies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An automatic colony counter was tested extensively with colonies of two bacterial species, Serratia marcescens and Bacillus subtilis var. niger, grown on agar media. A stable relationship was established between machine counts and counts done visually by ...

J. E. Malligo

1965-01-01

420

Colonial National Historical Park Natural Resource Condition Assessment, Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Colonial National Historical Park was originally authorized as a national monument in 1930, and later established as a national historical park in 1936. The Park protects the historical units of Jamestown and Yorktown. In 1957, the Colonial Parkway was co...

C. N. Bentsen S. Costanzo T. Lookingbill T. J. B. Carruthers W. C. Dennison

2012-01-01

421

American Colonial Empire: The Limit of Power's Reach  

Microsoft Academic Search

fter September 11th, more than a few commenta- tors have claimed that what is needed around the world is a revived colonialism under America's hand. These commentators accordingly urge us to look to the British colonial empire for guidance: \\

Julian Go

422

A quantitative model of honey bee colony population dynamics.  

PubMed

Since 2006 the rate of honey bee colony failure has increased significantly. As an aid to testing hypotheses for the causes of colony failure we have developed a compartment model of honey bee colony population dynamics to explore the impact of different death rates of forager bees on colony growth and development. The model predicts a critical threshold forager death rate beneath which colonies regulate a stable population size. If death rates are sustained higher than this threshold rapid population decline is predicted and colony failure is inevitable. The model also predicts that high forager death rates draw hive bees into the foraging population at much younger ages than normal, which acts to accelerate colony failure. The model suggests that colony failure can be understood in terms of observed principles of honey bee population dynamics, and provides a theoretical framework for experimental investigation of the problem. PMID:21533156

Khoury, David S; Myerscough, Mary R; Barron, Andrew B

2011-04-18

423

Colony Collapse Disorder Progress Report. CCD Steering Committee June 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to the unexplained losses of U.S. honey bee colonies now known as colony collapse disorder (CCD), USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) led a collaborative effort t...

B. McPheron D. Holy K. Hackett M. Purcell-Miramontes R. Meyer R. Rose S. Ramaswamy T. Steeger

2009-01-01

424

A Quantitative Model of Honey Bee Colony Population Dynamics  

PubMed Central

Since 2006 the rate of honey bee colony failure has increased significantly. As an aid to testing hypotheses for the causes of colony failure we have developed a compartment model of honey bee colony population dynamics to explore the impact of different death rates of forager bees on colony growth and development. The model predicts a critical threshold forager death rate beneath which colonies regulate a stable population size. If death rates are sustained higher than this threshold rapid population decline is predicted and colony failure is inevitable. The model also predicts that high forager death rates draw hive bees into the foraging population at much younger ages than normal, which acts to accelerate colony failure. The model suggests that colony failure can be understood in terms of observed principles of honey bee population dynamics, and provides a theoretical framework for experimental investigation of the problem.

Khoury, David S.; Myerscough, Mary R.; Barron, Andrew B.

2011-01-01

425

Strategic Surprise and Intelligence--Towards a Clearer Understanding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current Army and Air Force doctrine concedes strategic surprise in the face of overhead surveillance. Has strategic surprise been eclipsed by the eye in the sky. This paper examines the nature, foundation and potential of strategic surprise. Further, it o...

J. C. O'Leary

1993-01-01

426

Developing Future Military Leaders: Potential Predictors for Strategic Success.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To be successful, a strategic leader must exhibit a wide spectrum of competencies based on training, experience and education. Recently, multiple strategic leaders have not 'survived' their strategic leadership tours. In the past three years, Secretary of...

T. P. Molendyke

2011-01-01

427

Designing a Customer-Focused Workshop for Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A customer-focused workshop for manufacturing strategic planning used a market-oriented approach and an interactive collaborative process among stakeholders. Reflective learning was found to enhance strategic planning; organizational culture must support strategic thinking. (SK)|

Hwang, Ahn-Sook

1998-01-01

428

Bovine granulocyte/macrophage and erythroid colony culture: characteristics of the colonies and the assay systems.  

PubMed Central

Bovine bone marrow granulocyte/macrophage colonies were cultured in vitro in methyl cellulose and in plasma clots using bovine endotoxin-stimulated serum as a source of colony stimulating activity. The endotoxin-stimulated serum was four times as potent as the control serum in the methyl cellulose cultures. No significant increase in the number of colony forming units was observed when bovine marrow cells were maintained in suspension cultures for various periods prior to plating in methyl cellulose. The percentage of glass/plastic adherent cells in bovine marrow cells was observed to be 43% +/- 12 (SD). Benzidine positive erythroid colonies appeared in plasma clot cultures on day 4 and disappeared by day 9. No second population of erythroid colonies appeared either as a function of time or as a function of erythropoietin concentration. The optimum erythropoietin concentration for bovine erythroid cultures was found to be 1.0 unit/mL. A significant difference was observed between animals in their marrow capacity to produce erythroid colonies in culture but no significant difference was observed within individual animals over a period of three months. Images Fig. 3.

Kaaya, G P; Maxie, M G; Valli, V E; Losos, G J

1979-01-01

429

Life in the colonies: learning the alien ways of colonial organisms.  

PubMed

Who needs to go to outer space to study alien beings when the oceans of our own planet abound with bizarre and unknown creatures? Many of them belong to sessile clonal and colonial groups, including sponges, hydroids, corals, octocorals, ascidians, bryozoans, and some polychaetes. Their life histories, in many ways unlike our own, are a challenge for biologists. Studying their ecology, behavior, and taxonomy means trying to “think like a colony” to understand the factors important in their lives. Until the 1980s, most marine ecologists ignored these difficult modular organisms. Plant ecologists showed them ways to deal with the two levels of asexually produced modules and genetic individuals, leading to a surge in research on the ecology of clonal and colonial marine invertebrates. Bryozoans make excellent model colonial animals. Their life histories range from ephemeral to perennial. Aspects of their lives such as growth, reproduction, partial mortality due to predation or fouling, and the behavior of both autozooids and polymorphs can be studied at the level of the colony, as well as that of the individual module, in living colonies and over time. PMID:21714171

Winston, Judith E

2010-12-01

430

Learning Spaces as a Strategic Priority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In April 2007 Butler Community College made learning spaces one of its five strategic priorities. The college had just completed a major renovation of the work spaces for the IT division and had started a project to build a student union and create informal learning spaces at the Andover campus. With learning spaces becoming a strategic priority,…

George, Gene; Erwin, Tom; Barnes, Briony

2009-01-01

431

Strategic Management of Emerging Human Resource Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over 2,000 human resource development articles were categorized using a strategic issues life-cycle model. A process for managing strategic issues has four steps: identify issues, analyze potential impact on business, formulate strategies, and implement policy solutions. (SK)|

Peery, Newman S., Jr.; Salem, Mahmoud

1993-01-01

432

Protecting complex infrastructures against multiple strategic attackers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infrastructures are analysed subject to defence by a strategic defender and attack by multiple strategic attackers. A framework is developed where each agent determines how much to invest in defending versus attacking each of multiple targets. A target can have economic, human and symbolic values, which generally vary across agents. Investment expenditure functions for each agent can be linear in

Kjell Hausken

2011-01-01

433

Strategic intelligence in law enforcement: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an age where the role of police has morphed from simplistic response and enforcement activities to one of managing human security risk, it is argued that intelligence can be used to reduce the impact of strategic surprise from evolving criminal threats and environmental change. This review specifically focuses on research that has implications for strategic intelligence in law enforcement.

John William Coyne; Peter Bell

2011-01-01

434

Strategic Planning in Portuguese Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A national study on strategic planning in Portuguese higher education was conducted. The presidents or rectors of 61 public and private higher education institutions in Portugal responded regarding their knowledge of and involvement in strategic planning. The questionnaire addressed whether or not the institutions were using a planning process,…

Machado, Maria de Lourdes; Taylor, James S.; Farhangmehr, Minoo; Wilkinson, Robert B.

2005-01-01

435

Deterrence in the new strategic environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the future of deterrence in the new strategic environment of the 1990s? The future cannot be predicted in detail, but some important defining characteristics can be identified with high confidence. The new strategic environment is being shaped by the solo status of the United States as a superpower, by an increasing regional disorder and cultural?political disharmony, by the

Colin S. Gray

1992-01-01

436

Strategic Cost Reduction and Cost Revelation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic cost reduction requires cost transparency. When unilateral cost revelation is feasible, strategic cost reduction indeed arises as equilibrium. If it is not feasible, however, credible revelation has to be organized, possibly by a trade association. Then, firms face a prisoners' dilemma: in Cournot duopoly, cost revelation arises as an equilibrium, but hurts firms; in Bertrand duopoly, cost concealing is

Jim Y. Jin

2001-01-01

437

Strategic Thinking: The Untapped Resource for Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategic thinking is an organized, analytical process by which college leaders can assess: (1) existing and potential competitors; (2) sources of competitive advantage; and (3) college capabilities and competitive position. Three outcomes of strategic thinking are: (1) clear institutional strategy and direction; (2) improved institutional…

Alfred, Richard L.

2001-01-01

438

Strategic environmental assessment: one concept, multiple forms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several approaches to strategic environmental assessment (SEA) have been developed recently, differing, for example, in openness, scope, intensity and duration. Differences stem from the specific contexts in which the SEA processes are meant to be used. This is illustrated with two current SEA processes in the Netherlands for drafting legislation (environmental test), and for plans and programmes (strategic environmental impact

R. A. A. Verheem; J. A. M. N. Tonk

2000-01-01

439

Strategic bidder behavior in sponsored search auctions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine sponsored search auctions run by Overture (now part of Yahoo!) and Google and present evidence of strategic bidder behavior in these auctions. Between June 15, 2002, and June 14, 2003, we estimate that Overture's revenue might have been higher if it had been able to prevent this strategic behavior. We present an alternative mechanism that could reduce the

Benjamin Edelman; Michael Ostrovsky

2007-01-01

440

Performance appraisal: essential characteristics for strategic control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the need for and propose a more aligned and integrated standard for performance evaluation to enhance effective strategic control. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews the various issues creating discontent with the performance appraisal systems within many organizations and demonstrates how these problems inhibit successful strategic control. It attempts to cogently

Donald L. Caruth; John H. Humphreys

2008-01-01

441

A model of strategic oil-dependence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a situation where a strategic seller of a depletable resource faces price-taking buyers who, through their government, can adopt technologies perma- nently ending the resource dependence. Adoption is irreversible and changes the demand infrastructure after a time lag. In an equilibrium, the seller strategically maintains the resource dependence by increasing supplies from declining stocks. When seller's stock is

Reyer Gerlagh; Matti Liski

442

Ontological Automation of Strategic Information System Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formulation of strategic information system planning is a systematic process consisting of SWOT analysis, CRUD matrix formation and affinity analysis, business area analysis, projects definition, prioritization of projects, budget computation, phasing, and defining key performance indicators for follow-up and evaluation. This paper describes the automation of the procedures in formulating the strategic information system documents. The software will assist

Suchai Thanawastien; Pakorn Sermsuk

443

A Strategic Planning Model for Law Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's lawyer practices in a client marketplace characterized by ever-increasing competition and a growing specialization of legal services. Many law firms have responded to their competitive environments by employing marketing practices heretofore used primarily by traditional product marketing firms. The present paper examines the need for strategic planning in the marketing of legal services. The benefits of strategic planning are

James R. Lowry; Phillip D. Howard; Russell G. Wahlers

1995-01-01

444

Rethinking strategic marketing: achieving breakthrough results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide a practical overview of strategic thinking concepts and practices for marketing and other managers that can help them improve their strategy making. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The raw materials of strategic thinking are illustrated by case studies and examples from a range of industries to aid managers in their successful application. The principles and techniques are presented in

Dale Fodness

2005-01-01

445

Strategic planning in SMEs – some empirical findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic frameworks and tools of analysis have been the subject of much academic debate over the last 20 years. This paper reviews the main approaches to strategic management and, by presenting the results of a survey of 159 small and medium sized enterprises selected from both the service and manufacturing sectors, demonstrates a divide between the theoretical concepts and the

George Stonehouse; Jonathan Pemberton

2002-01-01

446

Strategic Planning in Portuguese Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national study on strategic planning in Portuguese higher education was conducted. The presidents or rectors of 61 public and private higher education institutions in Portugal responded regarding their knowledge of and involvement in strategic planning. The questionnaire addressed whether or not the institutions were using a planning process,…

Machado, Maria de Lourdes; Taylor, James S.; Farhangmehr, Minoo; Wilkinson, Robert B.

2005-01-01

447

Strategic integration in UK manufacturing companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the results of two pieces of empirical work which investigated strategic integration in a sample of UK manufacturing companies. Although there have been calls for improved links between marketing and manufacturing, the results show that, in practice, the strategic link between these two functions is still weak. However, this problem is considered by companies as primarily an

K. A. Weir; A. K. Kochhar; S. A. LeBeau; D. G. Edgeley

1999-01-01

448

STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

No clear understanding of Management by Objectives in relation to Strategic Management has emerged in the literature. This paper attempts to point out the complexities surrounding Management by Objectives, and how the evolution of Strategic Management as a group process supersedes MBO as a system of planning, implementation, obtaining feedback, evaluating and controlling the functions for all types of businesses.

Dale Krueger

2004-01-01

449

UTEP Jump-Starts Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The context of and the participatory strategic planning process at the University of Texas, El Paso, from 1993 to 1996 is described. The internal and external factors that influence the intensive interactive process are reviewed; the university's conceptual framework for strategic planning is described; and the role of the university's planning…

Andrade, Sally J.

1998-01-01

450

Integrating Risk Management and Strategic Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning is critical to ensuring that institutions of higher education thoughtfully and systematically position themselves to accomplish their mission, vision, and strategic goals, particularly when these institutions face a myriad of risks that can negatively impact their continued financial viability and compromise their ability to…

Achampong, Francis K.

2010-01-01

451

The strategic value of customer profitability analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to show how intelligence emanating from customer profitability analysis (CPA) can help improve strategic marketing planning. Insights into the profitability of individual customers, as well as the distribution of profitability across the customer base, can lead to better decisions in the areas of managing costs and revenues, managing risks and strategic market

Erik M. van Raaij

2005-01-01

452

SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative): a policy analysis  

SciTech Connect

Contents include -- Foundations of Deterrence; A Model for Stability; Analysis of SDI/Stability; Related Issues; Treatment of Implementation Factors; Historical Evolution and Trends; The Strategic Choices and Flexible Response; The Planners' Perspective; The Impact of Strategic Defense on a Strategy of Flexible Response; Synthesis.

Fought, S.O.

1987-01-01

453

Crises, scenarios and the strategic management process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this exploratory paper is to consider the strategic importance of crisis management and integration of crisis planning with the organisation's strategy processes, in particular the utilisation of scenario planning as a crisis planning activity. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A review of the crisis management literature was undertaken and key issues identified, subsequently strategic aspects of crisis management

David Pollard; Sabine Hotho

2006-01-01

454

Strategic issues faced by Ontario hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited research exists on the current strategic issues and the strategies utilized by hoteliers of Ontario, Canada. The researchers conducted a pilot study by utilizing an e-mail survey, attempting to identify the current strategic issues and strategies implemented by Ontario hotels. The results showed that the most concerned issues by the Ontario hoteliers are: lacking financial and government support, changing

Zhen Lu; Denise Chiang

2003-01-01

455

Shifting foundations: redrawing strategic management's military heritage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the limitations of what the field of strategic management sees as its military foundations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Categorizes and synthesizes the critical historical approach of Michel Foucault and uses this to interrogate assumptions made about military approaches to strategy in the strategic management literature. Findings – Suggests that there is a

Stephen Cummings

2007-01-01

456

USING STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT STUDY CASES IN ROMANIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discuss the use of study case in the teaching of strategic management and the translation of the method from United States to Romania. Some technical aspects of American experience in strategic management case researching are underlined, with a focalised approach on financial analysis and their informational context. The basic weaknesses of the method are also analysed in order

Bacanu Bogdan

2008-01-01

457

The Art of War and Strategic Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching of management is a sociocultural process. The concept of strategic management defines the existing and planned relationship between an organization and its environment. Such relationships are greatly influenced by social, political and economic developments of the society at large. It is argued here that a teacher of strategic management should be aware of the cross-cultural aspects and be able

Priscilla Chu; Olivia Tse

1992-01-01

458

Integration of strategic management and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate the integration of quality assurance and strategic management in higher education. The study presents the concept of the quality map, which is a graphical representation of the quality assurance system. The quality map explicitly takes into account the environment, strategic planning and the internal processes of the organisation. The quality map helps

Juha Kettunen

459

2010 Strategic Opportunities for Cooperative Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Strategic Opportunities for the Cooperative Extension" was developed based on responses by Extension administrators and directors, informed by program leaders and others and based on state and local needs identification processes, including advisory and user input. The respondents to a survey ranked the Strategic Opportunities in the order…

Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, 2010

2010-01-01

460

The use of strategic deception in relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The primary purpose of this research is to explore the use of strategic deception as adopted by call centers endeavoring to establish relationships with consumers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Qualitative interviews, over the telephone and in person, were conducted with call center employees located in India. Findings – The findings reveal various types of strategic deception occurring in call centers.

Abhijit Patwardhan; Stephanie M. Noble; Ceri M. Nishihara

2009-01-01

461

Strategic Communication Games: Theory and Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation consists of the three essays about strategic communication games. Strategic communication games are costless sender-receiver games, and address the question of how much information can be credibly transmitted in equilibrium, and what kind of communication environments facilitate information transmission. Ch. 2, “Multidimensional Cheap Talk with Sequential Messages,” considers a multidimensional cheap talk game where there are two senders

Shintaro Miura

2012-01-01

462

Responding to crisis through strategic knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Many managers would like to take a strategic approach to preparing the organisation to avoid impending crisis but instead find themselves fire-fighting to mitigate its impact. This paper seeks to examine an organisation which made major strategic changes in order to respond to the full effect of a crisis which would be realised over a two to three

Duncan Shaw; Matthew Hall; John S. Edwards; Brad Baker

2007-01-01

463

Strategic disruption and transaction cost economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops the concept of strategic disruption using the insights of Transaction Cost Economics (TCE). Firms attack competitors by shaping government rules in order to produce misalignment of competitors' transactions and governance structures. Strategic disruption is illustrated by the case of American automobile producers in their struggle against Japanese competitors over the last two decades. The Americans' use of

William F Averyt; K Ramagopal

1999-01-01

464

An Empirical Analysis of Strategic Behavior Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing strategic behavior models indicate that the strategic interaction of informed and liquidity traders leads to systematic intraday patterns on stock exchanges. This paper uses a unique database from the Helsinki Stock Exchange, which allows the parties of all trades to be identified so that their transactions can be tracked intra-day and over time. We classify traders as either informed

Carole Comerton-Forde; Michael O'Brien; P. Joakim Westerholm

2007-01-01

465

Union Participation in Strategic Decisions of Corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews workforce participation in strategic decisions - those that affect the basic direction of the company - when workforce interests are represented collectively through unions. We consider the problem of corporate governance and review the rationale for what we term strategic partnerships' between management and labor. The paper describes the prevalence of such partnerships in the U.S., focusing

eileen appelbaum; Larry W. Hunter

2003-01-01

466

Strategic Frame Analysis: Reframing America's Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic frame analysis, the method advanced in this paper, allows a nuanced understanding of the role played by media and public opinion in impeding or advancing the goals of those who seek more public attention and resources allocated to youth. Strategic frame analysis relies on a series of methods adapted from traditional opinion research, media studies and cultural and cognitive

Franklin D. Gilliam Jr.; Susan Nall Bales

2001-01-01

467

Oversea Education and British Colonial Education 1929-63.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on an early twentieth century journal called "Oversea Education," designed to increase communication among British colonies, particularly for education, based on William Ormsby Gore's travels among the colonies. Describes Frank Ward's editorial work that championed the rights of colonial subjects to have better educational policy. (KDR)|

Whitehead, Clive

2003-01-01

468

An aggregated clustering approach using multi-ant colonies algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a multi-ant colonies approach for clustering data that consists of some parallel and independent ant colonies and a queen ant agent. Each ant colony process takes different types of ants moving speed and different versions of the probability conversion function to generate various clustering results with an ant-based clustering algorithm. These results are sent to the queen

Yan Yang; Mohamed S. Kamel

2006-01-01

469

The Regulation of Foraging Activity in Red Harvester Ant Colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behavioral plasticity in social insects is intriguing because colonies adjust to environmental change through the aggregated re- sponses of individuals. Without central control, colonies adjust num- bers of workers allocated to various tasks. Individual decisions are based on local information from the environment and other workers. This study examines how colonies of the seed-eating ant Pogono- myrmex barbatus adjust the

Deborah M. Gordon

2002-01-01

470

Application of the Ant Colony Algorithm for the Path Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the ant colony algorithm and its application for the path planning. Ant algorithms were designed on the base of the behaviour of real ant colonies. Real ants can always find the shortest way between the nest and the food so one of the most “natural” is the application of the ant colony algorithm in the path planning.

Marcin Pluci?ski

471

Currency Policies and Legal Development in Colonial New England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal historians have long emphasized the role courts played in promoting the development of a market society in colonial America. Indeed, judicial enforcement of debt agreements and other contractual obligations has been viewed as the central and most important aspect of government promotion of the nascent colonial economy. Nevertheless, there has been substantial disagreement about the extent of colonial economic

Claire Priest

2001-01-01

472

The University in Colonial Spanish America: A Historiographical Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cities and religious orders in colonial Latin America competed vigorously and often bitterly to acquire a university, but little is understood of the cultural impact of the university on cities, regions, or the colonial system. The university in the Spanish colonies derived its organization and traditions from the University of Salamanca, a…

McKibben, Joyce

473

Constructing Indigenous Childhoods: Colonialism, Vocational Education and the Working Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines a Calcutta street child's experiences with vocational education within a broader historical framework of colonial and post-colonial discourses on formal education and the poor. Provides an ethnographic narrative of the child's experiences, exploring how colonialism, by establishing a modern education system and transforming children's…

Balagopalan, Sarada

2002-01-01

474

The Education of Indentured Servants in Colonial America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article serves as a foundation for understanding the earliest form of technical instruction in colonial America. It is a synthesis of historical studies that have addresses the edu- cation of indentured servants and apprentices in colonial America. It defines indentured servi- tude and contrasts it with apprenticeship—a form of indentured service. The paper addresses how indentured servitude in colonial

Mark R. Snyder

475

Urea excretion by Daphnia: A colony inducing factor in Scenedesmus?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is known that the zooplankter Daphnia induces colonies in the alga Scenedesmus. As Daphnia grazes on Scenedesmus, it has been postulated that colony formation represents an algal defense mechanism. This induction of Scenedesmus coenobia\\/colonies by Daphnia could be associated with a substance exuded by the animals that acts as a specific infochemical (kairomone) for Scenedesmus. However, the chemical nature

Karen Helen Wiltshire; Winfried Lampert

1999-01-01

476

The Genesis of Public Relations in British Colonial Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how the British Colonial Office employed public relations strategies as they administered the British colony of Northern Rhodesia before, during, and after World War II. Demonstrates how civil servants in London and colonial officials implemented public relations policies, strategies, and tactics on an ad hoc basis, covering political…

Smyth, Rosaleen

2001-01-01

477

An Exploratory Study of Online Information Regarding Colony Collapse Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cause or causes of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) are uncertain. CCD defines specific characteristics of the nationwide deaths of honey bee colonies in the last decade. Adult bees often disappear from the hive and die, leaving the colony weak and vulnerable to disease. Environmental scientists and agriculturalists have developed many different theories about CCD and its origins. The different

Meredith K. Boehm

2012-01-01

478

The University in Colonial Spanish America: A Historiographical Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cities and religious orders in colonial Latin America competed vigorously and often bitterly to acquire a university, but little is understood of the cultural impact of the university on cities, regions, or the colonial system. The university in the Spanish colonies derived its organization and traditions from the University of Salamanca, a…

McKibben, Joyce

479

Deformed wing virus implicated in overwintering honeybee colony losses.  

PubMed

The worldwide decline in honeybee colonies during the past 50 years has often been linked to the spread of the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and its interaction with certain honeybee viruses. Recently in the United States, dramatic honeybee losses (colony collapse disorder) have been reported; however, there remains no clear explanation for these colony losses, with parasitic mites, viruses, bacteria, and fungal diseases all being proposed as possible candidates. Common characteristics that most failing colonies share is a lack of overt disease symptoms and the disappearance of workers from what appears to be normally functioning colonies. In this study, we used quantitative PCR to monitor the presence of three honeybee viruses, deformed wing virus (DWV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), and black queen cell virus (BQCV), during a 1-year period in 15 asymptomatic, varroa mite-positive honeybee colonies in Southern England, and 3 asymptomatic colonies confirmed to be varroa mite free. All colonies with varroa mites underwent control treatments to ensure that mite populations remained low throughout the study. Despite this, multiple virus infections were detected, yet a significant correlation was observed only between DWV viral load and overwintering colony losses. The long-held view has been that DWV is relatively harmless to the overall health status of honeybee colonies unless it is in association with severe varroa mite infestations. Our findings suggest that DWV can potentially act independently of varroa mites to bring about colony losses. Therefore, DWV may be a major factor in overwintering colony losses. PMID:19783750

Highfield, Andrea C; El Nagar, Aliya; Mackinder, Luke C M; Noël, Laure M-L J; Hall, Matthew J; Martin, Stephen J; Schroeder, Declan C

2009-09-25

480

Deformed Wing Virus Implicated in Overwintering Honeybee Colony Losses ?  

PubMed Central

The worldwide decline in honeybee colonies during the past 50 years has often been linked to the spread of the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and its interaction with certain honeybee viruses. Recently in the United States, dramatic honeybee losses (colony collapse disorder) have been reported; however, there remains no clear explanation for these colony losses, with parasitic mites, viruses, bacteria, and fungal diseases all being proposed as possible candidates. Common characteristics that most failing colonies share is a lack of overt disease symptoms and the disappearance of workers from what appears to be normally functioning colonies. In this study, we used quantitative PCR to monitor the presence of three honeybee viruses, deformed wing virus (DWV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), and black queen cell virus (BQCV), during a 1-year period in 15 asymptomatic, varroa mite-positive honeybee colonies in Southern England, and 3 asymptomatic colonies confirmed to be varroa mite free. All colonies with varroa mites underwent control treatments to ensure that mite populations remained low throughout the study. Despite this, multiple virus infections were detected, yet a significant correlation was observed only between DWV viral load and overwintering colony losses. The long-held view has been that DWV is relatively harmless to the overall health status of honeybee colonies unless it is in association with severe varroa mite infestations. Our findings suggest that DWV can potentially act independently of varroa mites to bring about colony losses. Therefore, DWV may be a major factor in overwintering colony losses.

Highfield, Andrea C.; El Nagar, Aliya; Mackinder, Luke C. M.; Noel, Laure M.-L. J.; Hall, Matthew J.; Martin, Stephen J.; Schroeder, Declan C.

2009-01-01

481

HOPNET: A hybrid ant colony optimization routing algorithm for mobile ad hoc network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a group of mobile nodes which communicates with each other without any supporting infrastructure. Routing in MANET is extremely challenging because of MANETs dynamic features, its limited bandwidth and power energy. Nature-inspired algorithms (swarm intelligence) such as ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithms have shown to be a good technique for developing routing algorithms for

Jianping Wang; Eseosa Osagie; Parimala Thulasiraman; Ruppa K. Thulasiram

2009-01-01

482

An Invalidation Cache Model Based on Ant Colony Algorithm in Mobile Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile databases are always the core technique of the dynamic data management. Cache technique, as one of the key techniques in mobile databases, is able to reduce the contention of bandwidth and save the power energy. As the character of ant colony algorithm is choice, update, cooperation mechanism, which is accorded with the mobile agent. An invalidation cache model based

Yan Chu; Jianpei Zhang; Jing Yang

2008-01-01

483

Digital genotyping and haplotyping with polymerase colonies  

PubMed Central

Polymerase colony (polony) technology amplifies multiple individual DNA molecules within a thin acrylamide gel attached to a microscope slide. Each DNA molecule included in the reaction produces an immobilized colony of double-stranded DNA. We genotype these polonies by performing single base extensions with dye-labeled nucleotides, and we demonstrate the accurate quantitation of two allelic variants. We also show that polony technology can determine the phase, or haplotype, of two single- nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by coamplifying distally located targets on a single chromosomal fragment. We correctly determine the genotype and phase of three different pairs of SNPs. In one case, the distance between the two SNPs is 45 kb, the largest distance achieved to date without separating the chromosomes by cloning or somatic cell fusion. The results indicate that polony genotyping and haplotyping may play an important role in understanding the structure of genetic variation.

Mitra, Robi D.; Butty, Vincent L.; Shendure, Jay; Williams, Benjamin R.; Housman, David E.; Church, George M.

2003-01-01

484

Establishing and maintaining a colony of planarians.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTIONTo provide sufficient material for experimentation, a laboratory needs to expand and maintain a colony of planarians. It is crucial to keep a stable, healthy population of animals in a consistent environment to avoid inter-animal variability and modifier effects that can mask true phenotypes from experimental perturbation. In this protocol, we describe basic procedures for establishing and maintaining healthy colonies of Dugesia japonica, Schmidtea mediterranea, and Girardia tigrina (commonly found in the wild and commercially available in the United States). Although the recommendations are based on our optimization of conditions for G. tigrina, many of the procedures (such as food preparation and feeding strategy) can be applied to other species. For best results, the culture water must be carefully monitored and adjusted for each species. PMID:21356691

Oviedo, Néstor J; Nicolas, Cindy L; Adams, Dany S; Levin, Michael

2008-10-01

485

Information transfer at evening bat colonies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract . Four lines of evidence indicate that evening bats, Nycticeius humeralis, at nursery colonies in northern,Missouri,transfer,information,by following,each,other,to feeding,and,roosting,sites . (1) Daily estimates,of insect,density,from,five,automated,suction,traps,showed,that,common,prey,in evening,bat faecal samples, small beetles and flies, occur in rich patches that persist for several days . Bats apparently respond,to prey,density,and,variability,because,these,variables,independently,predict,the,number,of trips and,capture,success,of foraging,bats,. (2) Videotape,records,of the,time,and,weight,of bats,arriving,and departing,from,a colony,indicated,that,adult,females,leave,within,10 s of each,other,on second,and subsequent,foraging,trips,more,often,than,expected,within,a night

GERALD S. WILKINSON

1992-01-01

486

An adaptive ant colony clustering algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

An artificial ant sleeping model (ASM) and adaptive artificial ants clustering algorithm (A 4C) are presented to resolve the clustering problem in data mining by simulating the behaviors of gregarious ant colonies. In the ASM mode, each data is represented by an agent. The agents' environment is a two-dimensional grid. In A 4C, the agents can be formed into high-quality

Ling Chen; Xiao-Hua Xu; Yi-Xin Chen

2004-01-01

487

Ant Colony Optimization and Data Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) technique was inspired by the ants’ behavior throughout their exploration for food. In nature,\\u000a ants wander randomly, seeking for food. After succeeding, they return to their nest. During their move, they lay down pheromone\\u000a that forms an evaporating chemical path. Other ants that locate this trail, follow it and reinforce it, since they also lay

Ioannis Michelakos; Nikolaos Mallios; Elpiniki Papageorgiou; Michael Vassilakopoulos

488

[Sudden die-off of honeybee colonies].  

PubMed

Apis mellifera is used for honeybee keeping all over Turkey. Recently, honeybees have been suddenly disappearing for no apparent reason. It is presumed that some viral and parasitic honeybee pathogens are responsible for this. No medical research has been conducted to determine the pathologic causes of the sudden die-off of the honeybee colonies in Turkey as yet. This is of urgent importance for future of the honeybee industry. PMID:18985587

Muz, Mustafa N

2008-01-01

489

Model Checking the Ant Colony Optimisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We present a model for the travelling salesman problem (TSP) solved using the ant colony optimisation (ACO), a bio-inspired\\u000a mechanism that helps speed up the search for a solution and that can be applied to many other problems. The natural complexity\\u000a of the TSP combined with the self-organisation and emergent behaviours that result from the application of the ACO make

Lucio Mauro Duarte; Luciana Foss; Flávio Rech Wagner; Tales Heimfarth

2010-01-01

490

Defensive behavior of colonies of the paper wasp, Polistes fuscatus , against vertebrate predators over the colony cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: A major threat to eusocial colonies is predation (Starr, 1990) since these colonies place their entire reproductive investment into a single nest (Hansell, 1996). The vertebrate predator is probably the most destructive type of predator in that it can remove the entire nest and thereby destroy all of the investment made by the colony.¶ In this study I considered

T. M. Judd

1998-01-01

491

An IDEA for a Mars Colony  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Astronomy Resource Center, funded by IDEA grant ED 90003.01-94A, has recently been set up at Sommers-Bausch Observatory on the University of Colorado at Boulder campus. The purpose of the Astronomy Resource center is to foster close ties between the University's research and teaching staff (including graduate students) and local schools. Graduate students and professors are matched with teacher requests on specific topics, and come into classrooms of local schools as well as providing general resource assistance. University personnel are usually asked to put in a minimal amount of time from which the students greatly benefit. Occasionally, however, teachers have more ambitious projects in mind. One such link between a local elementary school teacher and a graduate student has led to the development of an 8 week long curriculum centered around planning a Mars colony, and ending with the previously existing MarsVille project developed by the Challenger Center for Space Science Education. Tailor-made for a gifted and talented program composed of students from grades 4-6, the curriculum is designed to teach a variety of concepts and skills with an emphasis on planetary astronomy. Although the Mars colony material is designed to utilize University resources and extensive classroom time with the graduate student involved, neither is essential to the program. In addition to a presentation of the Mars colony curriculum, a discussion of the experiences and difficulties of putting together the program will be discussed.

Urquhart, M. L.; Garmany, C. D.

1996-05-01

492

Water flow and coral colony size: Interhabitat comparisons of the octocoral Alcyonium siderium  

PubMed Central

Colonies of the octocoral Alcyonium siderium Verrill form aggregations on subtidal vertical rock walls in the Gulf of Maine. Maximum and mean colony sizes increase dramatically from protected embayments to sites exposed to ocean swells and from the bottom to the top of each vertical wall studied. Water movement along the substratum, generated by surface waves and tides, also increases along both gradients. Although plankton concentrations were similar at all sites during a 2-yr period, increased encounter rates of zooplankton with coral tentacles will result in greater energy intake and, thus, faster growth rates at the more exposed sites with greater flow. Other hypotheses for the proximate cause of the size gradient, such as differential mortality of large colonies or generally higher mortality rates at the protected site, are not consistent with available data.

Sebens, K. P.

1984-01-01

493

Swarming Ring Patterns in Bacterial Colonies Exposed to Ultraviolet Radiation  

SciTech Connect

We report a novel morphological transition in a Bacillus subtilis colony initially growing under ambient conditions, after ultraviolet radiation exposure. The bacteria in the central regions of the colonies are observed to migrate towards the colony edge forming a ring during uniform spatial exposure. When the radiation is switched off, the colonies were observed to grow both inward into the evacuated regions as well as outward indicating that the pattern is not formed due to depletion of nutrients at the center of the colony. We also propose a reaction-diffusion model in which waste-limited chemotaxis initiated by the UV radiation leads to the observed phenomenology.

Delprato, Anna M.; Samadani, Azadeh; Kudrolli, A.; Tsimring, L. S.

2001-10-08

494

10 CFR 74.41 - Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of moderate strategic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of moderate strategic significance. 74.41 Section 74.41 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

495

10 CFR 74.31 - Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nuclear material control and accounting for special nuclear material of low strategic significance. 74.31 Section 74.31 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

496

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect

This Quarterly Report highlights activities undertaken during the second quarter of calendar year 1993, including: inventory of petroleum products stored in the Reserve, under contract and in transit at the end of the calendar quarter; fill rate for the current quarter and projected fill rate for the next calendar quarter; average price of the petroleum products acquired during the calendar quarter; current and projected storage capacity and plans to accelerate the acquisition or construction of such capacity; analysis of existing or anticipated problems with the acquisition and storage of petroleum products, and future expansion of storage capacity; funds obligated by the Secretary from the SPR Petroleum Account and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Account during the prior calendar quarter and in total; and major environmental actions completed, in progress, or anticipated.

Not Available

1993-08-15

497

From snowflake formation to growth of bacterial colonies II: Cooperative formation of complex colonial patterns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In nature, bacterial colonies must often cope with hostile environmental conditions. To do so they have developed sophisticated cooperative behaviour and intricate communication capabilities, such as direct cell- cell physical interactions via extra-membrane polymers, collective production of extracellular 'wetting' fluid for movement on hard surfaces, longrange chemical signalling such as quorum sensing and chemotactic (bias of movement according to gradient of chemical agent) signalling, collective activation and deactivation of genes and even exchange of genetic material. Utilizing these capabilities, the bacterial colonies develop complex spatio-temporal patterns in response to adverse growth conditions. We present a wealth of beautiful patterns formed during colonial development of various bacterial strains and for different environmental conditions. Invoking ideas from pattern formation in non-living systems and using generic modelling we are able to reveal novel bacterial strategies which account for the salient features of the evolved patterns. Using the models, we demonstrate how bacterial communication leads to colonial self-organization that can only be achieved via cooperative behaviour of the cells. It can be viewed as the action of a singular feedback between the microscopic level (the individual cells) and the macroscopic level (the colony) in the determination of the emerging patterns.

Ben-Jacob, Eshel

1997-03-01

498

Colonie Interim Storage Site annual environmental report for calendar year 1991, Colonie, New York  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the environmental monitoring program at the Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS) and surrounding area, implementation of the program, and monitoring results for 1991. Environmental monitoring at CISS began in 1984 when Congress added the site to the US Department of Energy's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. CISS property and surrounding areas were radioactively contaminated by operations conducted by National Lead Industries, which manufactured various components from uranium and thorium from 1958 to 1984. The environmental monitoring program at CISS includes sampling networks for external gamma radiation exposure and for radium-226, thorium-232, and total uranium concentrations in surface water, sediment, and groundwater. Additionally, several nonradiological parameters are measured in groundwater. In 1992 the program will also include sampling networks for radioactive and chemical contaminants in stormwater to meet permit application requirements under the Clean Water Act. Monitoring results are compared with applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards, DOE derived concentration guides (DCGs), dose limits, and other requirements in DOE.orders. Environmental standards are established to protect public health and the environment. Results of environmental monitoring during 1991 indicate that average concentrations of radioactive contaminants of concern were well below applicable standards and DCGS. Concentrations of some chemical contaminants in groundwater were above-the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (Class GA) and EPA guidelines for drinking water. The potential annual radiation exposure (excluding background) calculated for a hypothetical maximally exposed individual is 0.23 mrem (milliroentgen equivalent man), which is less than an individual would receive while traveling in an airplane at 12,000 meters (39,000 feet) for one hour.

Not Available

1992-09-01

499

Microtable Arrays for Culture and Isolation of Cell Colonies  

PubMed Central

Cell microarrays with culture sites composed of individually removable microstructures or micropallets have proven benefits for isolation of cells from a mixed population. The laser energy required to selectively remove these micropallets with attached cells from the array depends on the microstructure surface area in contact with the substrate. Laser energies sufficient to release micropallets greater than 100 ?m resulted in loss of cell viability. A new 3-dimensional culture site similar in appearance to a table was designed and fabricated using a simple process that relied on a differential sensitivity of two photoresists to UV-mediated photopolymerization. With this design, the larger culture area rests on four small supports to minimize the surface area in contact with the substrate. Microtables up to 250 × 250 ?m were consistently released with single 10 ?J pulses to each of the 4 support structures. In contrast, microstructures with a 150 × 150 ?m surface area in contact with the substrate could not be reliably released at pulse energies up to 212 ?J. Cassie-Baxter wetting is required to provide a barrier of air to localize and sequester cells to the culture sites. A second asset of the design was an increased retention of this air barrier under conditions of decreased surface tension and after prolonged culture of cells. The improved air retention was due to the hydrophobic cavity created beneath the table and above the substrate which entrapped air when an aqueous solution was added to the array. The microtables proved an efficient method for isolating colonies from the array with 100% of selected colonies competent to expand following release from the array.

Pai, Jeng-Hao; Xu, Wei; Sims, Christopher E.; Allbritton, Nancy L.

2010-01-01

500

Colony activity integration in primitively eusocial wasps: the role of the queen ( Polistes fuscatus , Hymenoptera: Vespidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The queen's role in colony activity integration in small post-emergence colonies of Polistes fuscatus was investigated in the field. We continuously recorded the behaviors of all wasps in (1) undisturbed colonies, (2) colonies from which the queen had been removed, (3) colonies from which a single worker had been removed, (4) colonies with a cooled, relatively inactive queen, and (5)

Hudson K. Reeve; George J. Gamboa

1983-01-01