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Sample records for combined surgical treatment

  1. Combined orthodontic-surgical approach in the treatment of impacted maxillary canines: three clinical cases

    PubMed Central

    SPUNTARELLI, M.; CECCHETTI, F.; ARCURI, L.; TESTI, D.; MELONE, P.; BIGELLI, E.; GERMANO, F.

    2015-01-01

    SUMMARY Impaction of maxillary canine is a relatively frequent orthodontic anomaly which could represent fuctional and aesthetic problems for patients. Nowadays, the conventional technique to impacted canines consists of a combined orthodontic and surgical approach, aimed to guide cuspids at the center of the alveolar ridge in a stable position and surrounded by healthy hard and soft tissues. This article presents three cases studies with different combined surgical-orthodontic approaches for the treatment of infraosseous impacted canines. An impacted maxillary canine could be guided, after adequate space is created orthodontically, to the center of the ridge through an orthodontic traction directly applied to the crown of impacted cuspid. Several surgical techniques have been proposed to expose the crown of impacted tooth. Location (buccal or palatal side) of impactation and depth influence surgical approach in order to obtain best aesthetic and functional results. PMID:27555906

  2. Combined surgical treatment for severe sleep apnoea, to improve BiPAP compliance.

    PubMed

    Başal, Yeşim; Akyıldız, Utku Oğan; Eryilmaz, Aylin

    2015-01-01

    Positive airway pressure (PAP) devices are used in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). In cases of PAP failure, many different surgical methods can be used for the treatment. The authors present an unusual case of a patient with Bi-level PAP (BiPAP)-intolerant severe OSAS who was treated with combined surgical methods. A 55-year-old man was treated with BiPAP due to OSAS; he was admitted to the clinic with nose stuffiness, respiratory distress and BiPAP adherence with tolerance and compliance problems. Septal deviation, concha hypertrophy, lateral pharyngeal band hypertrophy and Thornwaldt cyst were determined in the examination. Combined surgical methods were administered. The patient's apnoea hypopnoea index (AHI) was 72.8 in diagnostic polysomnography. Preoperative AHI was 7.3 and postoperative AHI was 2.3 while using BiPAP and, after the surgery, the BiPAP intolerance was eliminated. The authors suggest that a combination of different surgical methods would be an adjuvant treatment to increase BiPAP compliance. PMID:26546622

  3. [RAdio-chemo-surgical combined treatment of non-small cell lung carcinoma N2].

    PubMed

    Rovea, P; Sola, B; Boidi Trotti, A; Gabriele, A M; Fracchia, F; Casadio, C; Bretti, S

    1993-06-01

    As yet, no optimal treatment for stage-IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been established. Particularly, in the patients with stage-IIIA N2 disease, surgical resection for cure is limited to few selected patients. Of late, a number of studies have suggested that such treatment modalities as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery might be combined to improve treatment efficacy. Based on these conclusions, a cooperative study for N2 NSCLC patients was performed. Treatment included continuous CDDP infusion (6 mg/m2/day) and concomitant irradiation. Fifteen patients were examined. After neoadjuvant treatment, 4 patients were found to have unresectable lesions for local disease progression or metastasis. Eleven patients underwent complete resection (73% resectability). Follow-up ranged 6 to 32 months: 6 patients are now free from relapse (respectively at 31, 28, 23, 14, 12 and 3 months) and 1 is alive with adrenal gland metastasis. Overall and disease-free survival rates are 40.6% and 31.5%, respectively. Our preliminary results indicated that this protocol is well tolerated. Resectability was good and tumor sterilization rate was satisfying (complete T and N sterilization in 6 cases, sterilization of either T or N in 3 cases). The patients with non-adenocarcinoma histology exhibited better local control and prognosis than those with histologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma. PMID:8393206

  4. A new technique for surgical treatment of vaginal agenesis using combined abdominal-perineal approach.

    PubMed

    Beksac, Mehmet Sinan; Salman, Mehmet Coskun; Dogan, Nasuh Utku

    2011-01-01

    Optimum therapeutic approach in vaginal agenesis has always been an area of extensive controversies. Although surgical management gained priority due to the evolution of techniques, there is currently no consensus in the literature regarding the best type of surgical approach. The most commonly preferred surgical procedure among gynecologists is McIndoe operation which involves the creation of a space between bladder and rectum, insertion of a mold covered with split-thickness skin graft into that neovaginal space, and use of postoperative vaginal dilation to avoid stenosis. However, many modifications have been introduced in time in an attempt to increase the success rates. In this paper, we describe two cases with vaginal agenesis with functioning uterus who were subjected to surgery by combined abdominal-perineal approach. The surgical technique also included the use of a specially designed vaginal mold made up of polymethyl methacrylate and use of Hyalobarrier gel which is an adhesion-preventing agent. PMID:21577259

  5. Combined Interventional and Surgical Treatment for Acute Aortic Type A Dissection

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Jincheng; Zhang Jinzhou Yang Jian; Zuo Jian; Zhang Jinbao; Yu Shiqiang; Chen Tao; Xu Xuezeng; Wei Xufeng; Yi Dinghua

    2008-07-15

    Surgical repair and endovascular stent-graft placement are both therapies for thoracic aortic dissection. A combination of these two approaches may be effective in patients with type A dissection. In this study, we evaluated the prognosis of this combined technique. From December 2003 to December 2006, 15 patients with type A dissection were admitted to our institute; clinical data were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up was performed at discharge and approximately 12 months after operation. Endovascular stent-graft placement by interventional radiology and surgical repair for reconstruction of aortic arch was performed in all patients. Total arch replacement for distal arch aneurysm was carried out under deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest; antegrade-selected cerebral perfusion was used for brain protection. Four patients concomitantly received a coronary artery bypass graft. Hospital mortality rate was 6.7%; the patient died of cerebral infarction. Neurological complications developed in two patients. Multi-detector-row computed tomography scans performed before discharge revealed complete thrombosis of the false lumen in six patients and partial thrombosis in eight patients. At the follow-up examination, complete thrombosis was found in another three patients, aortic rupture, endoleaks, or migration of the stent-graft was not observed and injuries of peripheral organs or anastomotic endoleaks did not occur. For patients with aortic type A dissection, combining intervention and surgical procedures is feasible, and complete or at least partial thrombosis of the false lumen in the descending aorta can be achieved. This combined approach simplified the surgical procedures and shortened the circulatory arrest time, minimizing the necessity for further aortic operation.

  6. [Combined surgical and physical treatment in traumatic painful syndromes of the cervical spine].

    PubMed

    Stachowski, B; Kaczmarek, J; Nosek, A; Kocur, L

    1976-01-01

    Clinical observations suggest the need for changing therapeutic management to a more active one in cases of cervical spine injury with damage to the spinal cord and nerve roots or brachial plexus. In 248 patients with these injuries treated initially conservatively the incidence of cervicobrachial pain was analysed. Neuralgic pains were present in 31.5% of cases, causalgic pains in 2.4% and sympathalgic pains in 2%. Conservative treatment conducted in these patients (89 cases) during many months after trauma had no effect on return of mobility. Long-term application of physioterapy prevented only temporarily the development of trophic changes and only partially relieved pains. Only surgical decompression of the spinal cord or spinal nerves with stabilization of damaged vertebrae caused disappearance of painful syndromes and improvement in the motor activity of the extremities. These observations show that early surgical intervention for decompression of the spinal cord, roots or brachial plexus should be advocated in these cases. PMID:980212

  7. Combined interventional and surgical treatment for a rare case of double patent ductus arteriosus

    PubMed Central

    SHANG, XIAO-KE; ZHANG, GANG-CHENG; ZHONG, LIANG; ZHOU, XIN; LIU, MEI; LU, RONG

    2016-01-01

    The present study describes the case of a 2.5-year-old girl with double patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) that was successfully treated following interventional and surgical treatment. Bilateral ductus arteriosus is a very rare condition, which is assumed to occur when the branchial-type arterial system transforms into the mammalian-type arterial system during the development of the aorta and its branches. This case was misdiagnosed as ordinary PDA by echocardiography prior to the first surgery and the surgery was not successful because of poor accessibility. Enhanced computed tomography subsequently showed situs solitus, atrial situs, levocardia, right-sided aortic arch with right-sided descending aorta, an isolated left subclavian artery and double PDA. Interventional treatment was performed and intraoperative aortic arch angiography showed that the descending aorta was the origin of the first funnel-type PDA (PDA-1). The left subclavian artery was not connected to the aorta but was connected to the pulmonary artery with a very narrow winding duct, which was PDA-2. Interventional treatment via PDA-2 also failed because passing a guidewire through the twisted PDA-2 was difficult. The child was immediately transferred to the surgical operation room for double PDA ligation and left subclavian artery reconstruction under median thoracotomy. The surgical procedure succeeded and the patient recovered quickly. The failure of the interventional treatment may be attributed to the difficulty in establishing a path. The soft tip of the hardened guidewire was relatively long. If the hardened part of the wire was sent to the appropriate place to support the pathway, the soft tip would be forced to enter the vertebrobasilar artery system. A similar problem was encountered when the left subclavian artery was selected for intervention. Shortening the length of the soft tip of the hardened guidewire may have enabled smooth completion of the establishment of the pathway. However

  8. Surgical Treatments for Fibroids

    MedlinePlus

    ... Clinical Trials Resources and Publications Surgical Treatments for Fibroids Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ... If you have moderate or severe symptoms of fibroids, surgery may be the best treatment for you. ...

  9. Incontinence Treatment: Surgical Treatments

    MedlinePlus

    ... Incontinence Managing Incontinence: A Survey The Patient's Perspective Barriers on Diagnosis and Treatment Personal Stories Contact Us ... Incontinence Managing Incontinence: A Survey The Patient's Perspective Barriers on Diagnosis and Treatment Personal Stories Contact Us ...

  10. Preliminary Report On Combined Surgical- And Laser-Treatment Of Large Hemangiomas And Tattoos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginsbach, G.

    1981-05-01

    As most hemangiomas and tattoos require many sessions to be cured completely by argon-laser or conventional therapy I developed a new combined surgical and laser-therapy method for large hemangiomas and tattoos. This is a three step method. First: The skin lesion is treated by argon-laser with the point by point method, developed by ourself. Second: Under local or general anaesthesia a) the hemangioma is partially excised and undermined letting only the skin which is already treated by argon-laser-beams. Than the hemangioma is exstirpated in toto, the wound closed by running intradermal sutures and a pressure bandage applied, b) the tattoo is abraded as deep as possible, draped by lyofoam. Then a pressure bandage is applied. Third: The hemangioma as well as the tattoo are treated by argon-laser-beams after the operation. This method is safe and effective, gives good results, minimal scars in the case of hemangiomas and tattoos. In this paper the method is described and some cases are illustrated by pre- and postoperational photographs.

  11. Surgical prosthetic treatment

    PubMed Central

    Carulli, Christian; Matassi, Fabrizio; Civinini, Roberto; Villano, Marco; Innocenti, Massimo

    2010-01-01

    Fragility fractures typically occur in elderly patients related principally to osteoporosis. A significative percentage of these fractures have to be treated surgically but comorbilities are often present, and need to be grossly stabilized before surgery. However, there is for these fractures a high rate of morbidity and mortality at short-term. Moreover, patients affected by a fragility fracture are at risk for another fragility fracture later in life. The Authors present an overview of the main patterns of proximal femoral fractures, underlining the peculiar features and choices of surgical treatment, and relating to specific indications and results of each treatment. PMID:22461289

  12. Longitudinal study of combined orthodontic and surgical treatment of Class II malocclusion with deep overbite.

    PubMed

    Jäger, A; Kubein-Meesenburg, D; Luhr, H G

    1991-01-01

    Twenty-one patients who had undergone orthodontic treatment in combination with mandibular advancement surgery to treat Class II malocclusion and deep overbite were followed up. Median vertical relapse at the bony chin (after a mean followup of 16 months) was found to be 2.9 mm (44%). Sagittal advancement was found to have good stability; most of the patients exhibited some additional anterior movement of the chin during the follow-up period. At the same time, the entire mandible rotated counterclockwise and the gonial angle increased. Individual response to treatment varied greatly; two patients exhibited major horizontal relapse. Controlling the position of the mandibular proximal segment seemed to be the most important factor in posttreatment stability of this sample. PMID:1940537

  13. Can the results of treatment of deep venous thrombosis be improved by combining surgical thrombectomy with regional fibrinolysis?

    PubMed

    Nachbur, B B; Beck, E A; Senn, A

    1980-01-01

    A new mode of treatment of extensive acute and subacute deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremities is introduced. For this purpose the beneficial effects of surgical thrombectomy and of thrombolysis with streptokinase are combined during the course of a single surgical intervention. Rapid-flow regional perfusion is the vehicle used for administration of streptokinase and probably represents the third arm of this therapeutic approach by adding a hemodynamic wash-out effect. Because the thrombolytic agent is rinsed out of the circuit at the end of regional perfusion the usual side effects and contra-indications of this drug are avoided. Early and late results of this treatment are assessed clinically and with repeat venograms in a group of 9 patients. Highly satisfactory results were obtained in 6 patients with complete anatomical and functional restoration of deep veins along their entire length in three cases. It is felt that continued use of this method is warranted and that the results of treatment of deep venous thrombosis can thus be improved. PMID:6993494

  14. Surgical treatments for osteoarthritis.

    PubMed

    de l'Escalopier, Nicolas; Anract, Philippe; Biau, David

    2016-06-01

    There are two main surgical treatments for osteoarthritis: conservative treatments, where the damaged cartilage is left in place, and radical treatments, where the cartilage is replaced by an artificial endoprosthesis; this latter procedure is termed joint arthroplasty. These treatments are only offered to symptomatic patients. Arthrodesis is yet another surgical intervention in cases of osteoarthritis. It will sacrifice the joint's articular function and is performed on small osteoarthritic joints, such as wrists and ankles, for instance. Osteoarthritis symptoms are usually the consequence of an imbalance between the load applied to a joint and the surface available to support that load. Therefore, conservative treatments will either tend to decrease the load exerted on the joint, such as in a tibial valgus osteotomy for instance, or to improve the articular surface supporting that load. Sometimes, both can be provided at the same time; the peri-acetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia is an example of such a procedure. Conservative treatments are usually offered to young patients in order to delay, if not avoid, the need for a joint prosthesis. They are usually performed before osteoarthritis appears or at an early stage. Joint arthroplasties have overwhelmingly excellent functional results and today's research is directed towards providing rapid recovery, very long-term stability, and the assurance of a good functionality in extreme conditions. However, complications with joint arthroplasties can be serious with little, if any, reasonable salvage solution. Therefore, these procedures are offered to patients who have failed adequate medical treatment measures. PMID:27185463

  15. Combined laser and surgical treatment of giant port wine stain malformation - Case report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siewiera, I.; Drozdowski, P.; Wójcicki, P.

    2012-10-01

    Background:Port-wine stains (PWS) are vascular malformations of the skin concerning about 0,3% of the population. Though various laser systems have been used for various treatment regimens the treatment of PWS of large size is especially difficult and demanding from aesthetic and psychological point of view.

  16. [Surgical treatment of syringomyelia].

    PubMed

    Abe, T; Okuda, Y; Nagashima, H; Isojima, A; Tani, S

    1995-12-01

    Eighty cases of surgically treated syringomyelia were retrospectively reviewed. The cases were classified into following 4 types, type 1: syringomyelia with Chiari malformation (54 cases), type 2: syringomyelia with basal arachnoiditis (15 cases), type 3: syringomyelia with an obstruction of the foramen Magendie (1 case), and type 4: syringomyelia with spinal arachnoiditis (14 cases). Foramen magnum decompression (FMD) was performed in patients with type 1, in type 2 fourth ventricle-subarachnoid shunt was additionally performed. Gardner's operation was performed in patients with type 3. Syrinx-peritoneal shunt was performed in patients with type 4. Surgical procedures for syringomyelia which we selected were thought to be appropriate, based on postoperative syrinx collapse rate in MRI. However, postoperative clinical course was much different in each type of syringomyelia after the collapse of syrinx had been equally achieved. Neurological disorders were stopped in deterioration after surgery in all cases of type 1. However, motor weakness was still deteriorated in half cases of type 2, and in 60% of type 4. When clinical severity of the patients with type 1 and 2, based on the distribution of dissociated sensory loss and motor weakness, were classified into 5 grades. The rate of improvement of patient's symptoms and signs was higher in the lower grades. We concluded that a surgical treatment for syringomyelia was essentially a preventive one, therefore it should be done in early stage of disorders. PMID:8752412

  17. Shaft Fractures of Both Forearm Bones: The Outcomes of Surgical Treatment with Plating Only and Combined Plating and Intramedullary Nailing

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Sang Bum; Yi, Jin Woong; Lee, Jung Bum; Lim, Byoung Gu

    2015-01-01

    Background Plate fixation is the most commonly used technique for the treatment of shaft fractures of both forearm bones (SFBFBs). However, all fractures are difficult to treat with plate fixation because of soft tissue injuries, fracture patterns, or the patient's condition. The purpose of this study is to compare the functional results of plate fixation only and combined plate and intramedullary (IM) nail fixation in SFBFBs. Methods Fifty-nine cases of SFBFBs that were surgically treated from June 2007 to July 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. In this study, 47 cases that were followed up for more than 12 months were included. All SFBFBs were divided into two groups according to the methods used for internal fixation: plate fixation only (group A) and combined plate and IM nail fixation (group B). The fixation methods were determined intraoperatively. Plate fixation was considered as the first option in all cases, but combined plate and IM nail fixation was selected as the second option if it was difficult to be fixed with plate only. Groups A and B comprised of 31 and 16 cases, respectively. The functional results were evaluated by the Grace and Eversmann rating system and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire. Results In groups A and B, a radiologic union was achieved in 30/31 and 14/16 cases and average union time was 11.1 and 17.8 weeks, respectively. According to the Grace and Eversmann rating system, group A had excellent results in 15 cases, good in 14, acceptable in one, and unacceptable in one. Group B had excellent results in three cases, good in nine, acceptable in two, and unacceptable in two. The average DASH score was 7.1 points (range, 0 to 19.2 points) in group A and 15.1 points (range, 0 to 29.6 points) in group B. Three cases of nonunion with unacceptable results achieved a bony union by additional procedures and the functional results of these cases improved to good or excellent. Conclusions The functional

  18. [Choledochal cysts: surgical treatment].

    PubMed

    Gogolja, D; Visnjić, S; Milić, Z; Tomić, K; Car, A; Roić, G; Fattorini, I

    2000-03-01

    The excision of the choledochal cyst with bile drainage through intestinal conduit is a standard operative procedure in the surgical management of choledochal cysts. During the last eight years five patients have been treated with this operation at the University Children's Hospital in Zagreb. All the patients were girls aged from two months to twelve years. The classical triad of pain, jaundice and abdominal mass was observed in only one patient, an eight-year-old girl. The only symptom in infancy was jaundice. Diagnosis was made by abdominal ultrasound, bibliography, CT scan with hepatotropic contrast and in older children by ERCP. Four cysts were type Todani I, and one cyst was Todani type II. The complete excision of the choledochal cyst with the Roux-Y jejunal conduit without antireflux valve was performed. There was neither operative morbidity nor mortality. Three months postoperatively the control ultrasonography and liver laboratory tests were without abnormalities. The routine control which followed did not show episodes of cholangitis, lithiasis, lipid malabsorption, blood clotting abnormalities or growth failure. The complete excision of the cyst with Roux-Y hepaticoenterostomy is an operative treatment with good results in infancy and childhood. PMID:10932533

  19. [Surgical treatment of genital prolapse with a new lateral prosthetic hysteropexia technique combining vaginal and laparoscopic methods].

    PubMed

    Husaunndee, M; Rousseau, E; Deleflie, M; Geoffrion, H; Dallay, D; Descamps, P

    2003-06-01

    We describe a new surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. The anterior and medium compartments are treated by a transversal hysteropexy by means of an anterior prosthesis fixed by vaginal route and by laparoscopy. The principle is based on the operative technique described by Kapandji but the prosthesis is fixed to the fascia of the external oblique muscle in a subperitoneal path. The posterior compartment is treated by a vaginal route exclusively. A posterior prosthesis is placed in the rectovaginal space and fixed to the elevator muscles. Further studies are necessary to evaluate this new operative technique. PMID:12843879

  20. [Surgical treatment of a patient with coronary artery disease combined with stenosis of the left subclavian artery].

    PubMed

    Sevastyanov, A V; Chernyavsky, A M; Chernyavsky, M A; Edemsky, A G; Nesmachnyi, A S; Tarkova, A R

    2016-01-01

    Presented in the article is a clinical case report regarding successfully used hybrid technology in combined lesions of the coronary arteries and the first segment of the left subclavian artery. The patient was subjected to simultaneous hybrid operation, i. e., transaortic angioplasty with stenting of the left subclavian artery by means of the Assurant stent accompanied by coronary artery bypass grafting. The early postoperative period turned out uneventful. The patient was discharged with no complications and in a satisfactory condition. At the 12-month follow-up visit, the patient presented no complaints, felling satisfactory as he stated, and there was no evidence of restenosis as revealed by the findings of ultrasonographic examination. This clinical case report demonstrates that in this type of combined lesion the use of hybrid technologies makes it possible to obtain a favourable surgical outcome both in the immediate and remote postoperative periods. PMID:27336343

  1. Successful Treatment of Primary Cutaneous Mucormycosis Complicating Anti-TNF Therapy with a Combination of Surgical Debridement and Oral Posaconazole.

    PubMed

    Camargo, Jose F; Yakoub, Danny; Cho-Vega, Jeong Hee

    2015-10-01

    Lipid formulations of amphotericin B remain the first-line antifungal therapy for invasive mucormycosis. Posaconazole is an alternative for salvage therapy, but its use as primary therapy is not recommended due to the paucity of clinical data. Here we describe the case of a 57-year-old diabetic woman receiving etanercept and prednisone for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis who developed primary cutaneous mucormycosis after a minor gardening injury. Infection was successfully treated with aggressive surgical debridement followed by a 6-week course of the new delayed-release tablet formulation of posaconazole and temporary withholding of anti-TNF treatment. Primary antifungal therapy with posaconazole can be considered in selected cases of cutaneous mucormycosis. PMID:26112998

  2. The Surgical Treatment of Mycetoma

    PubMed Central

    Suleiman, Suleiman Hussein; Wadaella, EL Sammani; Fahal, Ahmed Hassan

    2016-01-01

    Surgical intervention is an integral component in the diagnosis and management of mycetoma. Surgical treatment is indicated for small, localised lesions and massive lesions to reduce the mycetoma load and to enable better response to medical therapy. It is also a life-saving procedure in patients with massive disease and sepsis. Surgical options for mycetoma treatment range from a wide local surgical excision to repetitive debridement excisions to amputation of the affected part. Adequate anaesthesia, a bloodless field, wide local excision with adequate safety margins in a suitable surgical facility, and expert surgeons are mandatory to achieve the best surgical outcome. Surgical intervention in mycetoma is associated with considerable morbidity, deformities, and disabilities, particularly in advanced disease. These complications can be reduced by educating patients to seek medical advice earlier when the lesion is small, localised, and amenable to surgery. There is no evidence for mycetoma hospital cross infection. This communication is based on the authors’ experience in managing over 7,200 mycetoma patients treated at the Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Sudan. PMID:27336736

  3. Surgical Treatment for Falcotentorial Meningiomas.

    PubMed

    Hong, Chang Ki; Hong, Je Beom; Park, Hunho; Moon, Ju Hyung; Chang, Jong Hee; Lee, Kyu Sung; Park, Seoung Woo

    2016-07-01

    Among intracranial meningiomas, falcotentorial meningiomas, occurring at the junction of the falx cerebri and tentorial dural folds, are extremely rare. Because of their deep location, they are surrounded by critical structures, and have been regarded as one of the most challenging lesions for surgical treatment. In this study, we describe our surgical strategy for falcotentorial meningiomas and provide a review of our experience. PMID:27189300

  4. Surgical Treatment for Falcotentorial Meningiomas

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Chang Ki; Hong, Je Beom; Park, Hunho; Moon, Ju Hyung; Chang, Jong Hee; Lee, Kyu Sung

    2016-01-01

    Among intracranial meningiomas, falcotentorial meningiomas, occurring at the junction of the falx cerebri and tentorial dural folds, are extremely rare. Because of their deep location, they are surrounded by critical structures, and have been regarded as one of the most challenging lesions for surgical treatment. In this study, we describe our surgical strategy for falcotentorial meningiomas and provide a review of our experience. PMID:27189300

  5. Outcomes of surgical treatment of Peyronie's disease.

    PubMed

    Carson, Culley C; Levine, Laurence A

    2014-05-01

    The aims of the present review were to assess the literature on published outcomes and complications associated with surgical treatments for Peyronie's disease (PD) and to assist clinicians in the effective management of PD by increasing understanding and awareness of the outcomes associated with current surgical treatment options. A PubMed literature search was conducted to identify relevant, peer-reviewed clinical and review articles published between January 1980 and October 2013 related to outcomes of surgical correction of PD. Search terms for this non-systematic review included 'Peyronie's disease', 'outcomes', 'complications', 'erectile dysfunction or ED', 'patient expectation', and 'patient satisfaction'; search terms were searched separately and in combination. Case studies and editorials were excluded, primary manuscripts and reviews were included, and bibliographies of articles of interest were reviewed and key references were obtained. Assessment of the study design, methodology, clinical relevance and impact on the surgical outcomes of PD was performed on the sixty-one articles that were selected and analysed. Currently, there are several investigational minimally invasive and non-surgical treatment options for PD; however, surgical treatment remains the standard of care for patients with stable disease and disabling deformity or drug-resistant erectile dysfunction. Each of the different surgical procedures that are used for treatment of PD, including tunical shortening, tunical lengthening (plaque incisions or partial excision and grafting), and use of inflatable penile prostheses, carries its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of potential complications and postoperative satisfaction. Because of the variety of ways that PD may present in affected patients, no single, standard, surgical treatment for this disorder has prevailed and multiple variations of each type of procedure may exist. Surgical outcomes of the most commonly used procedures

  6. [Surgical treatment of lipodystrophies].

    PubMed

    De Mey, A

    1996-09-01

    Esthetic body contouring has become the most common esthetic surgical procedure since the advent of liposuction. The interest in this surgery led us to focus on the physiology of adipose tissue that behaves differently according to its localisation. Besides, a better knowledge of the anatomy of the subcutaneous tissue has helped us to treat the deep and superficial adipose deposits more effectively. Many technical refinements have been proposed in order to improve the results and decrease the risks. Local infiltration allows us to remove large amounts of fat with a minimal blood loss. Syringe aspiration is less traumatic and avoids the purchase of an expensive suction pump. However, although the technique of suction lipectomy looks simple, this procedure can induce important local complications (contour deformities, skin waves, ...) and general complications (pulmonary embolism, fat embolism, cardio-pulmonary decompensation). A rigorous technique, performed by a well trained surgeon in an adequate medical environment is essential to obtain the best results with suction lipectomy. In order to correct excesses of skin on the abdomen or the thighs after an important weight loss, skin excisions will be necessary. In there cases, the scars are often wide and sometimes difficult to hide. PMID:8927853

  7. [SURGICAL TREATMENT OF AN ACUTE MESENTERIAL ISCHEMIA].

    PubMed

    Shepehtko, E N; Garmash, D A; Kurbanov, A K; Marchenko, V O; Kozak, Yu S

    2016-04-01

    Experience of surgical treatment of 143 patients, suffering an acute mesenterial ischemia, was summarized. Isolated intestinal resection was performed in 41 patients (lethality 65.9%), intestinal resection with the mesenterial vessels thrombembolectomy--in 9 (lethality 33.3%). After performance of the combined intervention postoperative lethality was in two times lower, than after isolated intestinal resection. PMID:27434952

  8. [Surgical treatment of pulmonary echinococcosis].

    PubMed

    Shipulin, P P; Baĭdan, V I; Chetverikov, S G; Martyniuk, V A; Baĭdan, V V; Koziar, O N

    2008-07-01

    The experience of surgical treatment of the pulmonary echinococcosis (PE) at 515 patients is generalized. Character of operative intervention at PE depends on cyst's localization and presence of complications. The method of echinococcectomy with the cappitonnage of fibrous capsule, which is the most effective method of PE surgical treatment, is expounded. The methods of fibrous capsule anti-parasitogenic treatment are described: chemical (10% solution of sodium chloride, chlorhexidinum, betalin), physical (laser radiation, stream of hot air), being most effective, simple and accessible. The methods of videothoracoscopic (VTO) and video-assisted echinococcectomy (VAE), at which application permits the rehabilitation period of patients diminishes considerably, are expounded. The amount of postoperative complications at VTO and VAE made 16.7%, at open echinococcectomy--2.7%. Lethality was 0.2% (one patient died). PMID:19048820

  9. Surgical treatment of Graves' ophthalmopathy.

    PubMed

    Eckstein, Anja; Schittkowski, Michael; Esser, Joachim

    2012-06-01

    The aims of surgical treatment in Graves's orbitopathy (GO) are improvement of function and appearance. Since antiinflammatory treatment of GO rarely results in a complete resolution of symptoms, surgical treatment is very important for patients well being. Rehabilitative surgery includes orbital decompression, squint correction, lid lengthening and blepharoplasty and these procedures have to be performed in centres of expertise. Various techniques have been developed for orbital decompression which allow now a graded approach to proptosis reduction and optic nerve decompression in emergency situations. Extraocular muscle recessions can be successfully performed to treat most of the patients with diplopia. Only large or complex squint angles are difficult to treat and step by step procedures are recommended in these patients. Lid lengthening procedures are performed most often in GO patients and should be performed under local anaesthesia to get a good result. Serious complications are rare. PMID:22632370

  10. Surgical Treatment of Atrial Myxomas

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Bum Koo; Lee, Doo Yun; Pezzella, A. Thomas; Hong, Sung Nok; Hong, Pill Whoon

    1989-01-01

    Twenty atrial myxomas were resected in 20 patients with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, from the beginning of July 1966 through the end of June 1985, at Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Nineteen patients had left atrial myxomas; 1 had a right atrial myxoma. Left atrial myxomas arose from the intra-atrial septum in 17 patients and from the left atrial appendage in 2 patients. The right atrial myxoma arose from the fossa ovalis. The 13 female and 7 male patients ranged in age from 14 to 63 years. Symptoms most often reported on presentation were those associated with mitral valve obstruction; other symptoms were associated with systemic embolization. The 1st 4 patients were tested with angiocardiography alone, and 3 of these were misdiagnosed. The last 16 were tested by angiocardiography, M-mode echocardiography, and 2-dimensional echocardiography, alone or in various combinations, and there were no further misdiagnoses. In our experience, 2-dimensional echocardiography was the most accurate method of diagnosing cardiac tumors. In 19 patients, surgical approach was through a median sternotomy; in the 20th patient, approach was through a left thoracotomy, due to a preoperative misdiagnosis of mitral stenosis. No intraoperative embolizations or deaths occurred. On follow-up of 17 patients during periods ranging from 6 months to 6 years, we had no late deaths, and only 2 patients suffered late complications: 1 had sudden right hemiparesis caused by an embolus 4 months after surgery (this improved upon conservative treatment); and 1 had a recurrence of tumor 3 years after surgery (the new myxoma was successfully resected). We conclude that patients who have undergone complete excision of benign myxomas now have an excellent prognosis, with minimal risk of intraoperative embolization and late recurrence. We conclude also that 2-dimensional echocardiography is an extremely accurate tool both in early diagnosis of intracardiac myxomas and in late follow-up after

  11. Non-surgical treatment of deep wounds triggered by harmful physical and chemical agents: a successful combined use of collagenase and hyaluronic acid.

    PubMed

    Onesti, Maria G; Fino, Pasquale; Ponzo, Ida; Ruggieri, Martina; Scuderi, Nicolò

    2016-02-01

    Some chronic ulcers often occur with slough, not progressing through the normal stages of wound healing. Treatment is long and other therapies need to be performed in addition to surgery. Patients not eligible for surgery because of ASA class (American Society of Anesthesiologists class) appear to benefit from chemical therapy with collagenase or hydrocolloids in order to prepare the wound bed, promoting the healing process. We describe four cases of traumatic, upper limb deep wounds caused by different physical and chemical agents, emphasising the effectiveness of treatment based on topical application of collagenase and hyaluronic acid (HA) before standardised surgical procedures. We performed careful disinfection of lesions combined with application of topical cream containing hyaluronic acid, bacterial fermented sodium hyaluronate (0·2%w/w) salt, and bacterial collagenase obtained from non-pathogenic Vibrio alginolyticus (>2·0 nkat1/g). In one patient a dermo-epidermal graft was used to cover the wide loss of substance. In two patients application of a HA-based dermal substitute was done. We obtained successful results in terms of wound healing, with satisfactory aesthetic result and optimal recovery of the affected limb functionality. Topical application of collagenase and HA, alone or before standardised surgical procedures allows faster wound healing. PMID:24698215

  12. Surgical treatment for pulmonary emphysema.

    PubMed

    Delarue, N C; Woolf, C R; Sanders, D E; Pearson, F G; Henderson, R D; Cooper, J D; Nelems, J M

    1977-05-01

    Three in-vivo observations stimulated interest in surgical treatment for emphysema: (a) the destructive changes are rarely generalized, (b) the central portions of the lungs are frequently less seriously affected, and (c) marginal folding produces obstructive change in the more normal lung tissue. If destroyed avascular space-occupying areas can be removed, the compressed lung tissue may be stretched to fill pleural space in a functionally effective fashion. Residual elastic tissue will them maintain patency of terminal bronchioles. Preoperatively the extent of the destructive change can be defined most accurately by pulmonary angiography, and zones of functioning capilary circulation can be identified. Forty-seven patients with multifocal space-occupying emphysematous change have been treated surgically. The postoperative mortality was 21% but worthwhile long-term improvement has been obtained in 45% of patients presenting with disabling dyspnea. In these patients, surgical treatment warrants consideration if significant space occupation accompanies the bullous disease, provided alveolar vascularization can be demonstrated in the compressed adjacent normal lung tissue. Limited resections that preserve all vascularized and potentially functioning lung tissue are preferable. It is essential that obliteration of the hemithorax be obtained promptly in view of the high incidence of postoperative complications requiring secondary operative procedures, if 'leaks' and residual spaces are allowed to persist. Postoperative care in a respiratory intensive care unit is mandatory. PMID:870155

  13. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATELLOFEMORAL INSTABILITY

    PubMed Central

    de Andrade, Marco Antônio Percope; de Abreu e Silva, Guilherme Moreira; Freire, Marcelo Machado; Teixeira, Luiz Eduardo Moreira

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To describe functional outcomes following surgical treatment of patients with patellofemoral instability submitted to patellar realignment. Methods: This was a retrospective study evaluating 34 operated knees for patellofemoral instability between 1989 and 2004. The patients were evaluated in the late postoperative period when a functional questionnaire was applied. Results: After a mean follow-up time of 6 years and 5 months, the mean score was 82.94 in the surgical group (p=0.00037). The results of this investigation showed pain relief in 97.05% and low rate of recurrent dislocation (5.88%), although lower scores were seen in intense articular activities (squatting, running and jumping). No patient developed osteoarthritis while being followed up. Conclusion: The procedure for joint described in this paper was shown to be effective for treating patients with recurrent patellofemoral instability. PMID:27077065

  14. [Surgical treatment of acute mediastinitis].

    PubMed

    Krüger, M; Decker, S; Schneider, J P; Haverich, A; Schega, O

    2016-06-01

    Despite modern intensive care management, acute mediastinitis is still associated with a high morbidity and mortality (up to approximately 40 %). Effective antibiotic therapy, intensive care management, elimination of the causative sources of infection and drainage of the affected mediastinal compartments are the cornerstones of therapy in a multidisciplinary treatment concept. Early diagnosis, prompt and uncompromising initial therapy and planned computed tomography (CT) control after the first stages of therapy in order to decide on the necessity for surgical re-interventions are essential for achieving optimal results. Knowledge of the specific anatomical characteristics is crucial for the understanding of this disease and its treatment; therefore, the current knowledge on fascial layers and interstitial spaces from the neck to the mediastinum is described and discussed. A possible foudroyant spread of the infection, especially within the posterior mediastinum, has to be anticipated. The approach to the mediastinum depends on the mediastinal compartments affected, on the causative disease and on the patient's clinical situation. The surgical approach should be adapted to the particular clinical situation of the individual patient and to the surgical experience of the surgeon. When in doubt, the more invasive approach to the mediastinum, such as bilateral thoracotomy, is recommended. An ascending mediastinitis due to pancreatitis is a very rare condition; however, as chest pains are often the main clinical sign surgeons should be aware of this differential diagnosis. An intraoperative brown-black serous fluid in the mediastinal tissue is virtually pathognomonic. The treatment results of esophageal perforation as the most frequent cause of mediastinitis have been improved by integration of various interventional procedures. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy or immunoglobulin treatment can play an auxiliary role in selected patients with acute mediastinitis. PMID

  15. [Pygopagus Siamese twins. Surgical treatment].

    PubMed

    Rollán Villamarín, V; Ollero Fresno, J C; Alonso Calderón, J L; Ollero Caprani, J M

    1991-04-01

    A case is presented wherein a set of black female pygopagus siamese twins were successfully separated by our department in their 45th day of life. Both twins had multiple malformations: cardiopulmonary, vertebral, anorectal, genitourinary, etc. The bilateral renal absence in one of them, originated her death on the 7th postoperative day. Only nine other cases have been referred successful during the last 35 years, in a bibliographic review conducted. The associated malformations and surgical skills for treatment and separation of them, are studied: previous colostomy and effective separation at life ages, comprised between one and thirteen months. PMID:2064894

  16. Does Gingival Recession Require Surgical Treatment?

    PubMed

    Chan, Hsun-Liang; Chun, Yong-Hee Patricia; MacEachern, Mark; Oates, Thomas W

    2015-10-01

    Gingival recession represents a clinical condition in adults frequently encountered in the general dental practice. Clinicians often face dilemmas of whether or not to treat such a condition surgically. An initial condensed literature search was performed using a combination of gingival recession and surgery controlled terms and keywords. An analysis of the search results highlights the limited understanding of the factors that guide the treatment of gingival recession. Understanding the cause, prognosis, and treatment of gingival recession continues to offer many unanswered questions and challenges in periodontics as we strive to provide the best care possible for our patients. PMID:26427577

  17. Surgical treatment of microprolactinomas: pros.

    PubMed

    Salvatori, Roberto

    2014-12-01

    Medical therapy with dopaminergic agonists (DAs) has been used for several decades for the treatment of both micro- and macroprolactinomas, without much differentiation between the two conditions. While most cases respond well to DAs in terms of prolactin normalization and control of tumor growth, DAs are often needed for many years, or even for lifetime. Concerns have been raised recently about the possible side effects of long-term use of these medications on the anatomy and function of the heart valves. While macroprolactinomas are rarely surgically curable, pituitary surgery in expert hands is a safe and effective method to permanently cure microprolactinomas, with long-term cure rates around 70 %. In this article, I will review the data on safety of DAs an on the effectiveness and safety of surgery, and I will make an argument that surgery should be offered as a possible therapy to microprolactinoma patients, provided that an experienced pituitary neurosurgeon is available. PMID:24829036

  18. Successful Surgical Treatment for Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Leriche Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Chong, Byung Kwon; Kim, Joon Bum

    2015-01-01

    Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm accompanied by Leriche syndrome is an extremely rare combination of aortic diseases, the surgical management of which has not been described to date. We report the successful treatment of one such case through open surgical repair of the thoracoabdominal aorta. PMID:25883898

  19. Smoking and Bone Healing - A Risky Surgical Combination

    MedlinePlus

    ... Risky Surgical Combination A A A | Print | Share Smoking and Bone Healing – A Risky Surgical Combination Imagine ... saying that they'd prefer patients to quit smoking. There hasn't been a great deal of ...

  20. Neoadjuvant therapy before surgical treatment

    PubMed Central

    Glynne-Jones, Rob; Chau, Ian

    2013-01-01

    Neoadjuvant treatment in terms of preoperative radiotherapy reduces local recurrence in rectal cancer, but this improvement has little if any impact on overall survival. Currently performed optimal quality-controlled total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery for patients in the trial setting can be associated with very low local recurrence rates of less than 10% whether the patients receive radiotherapy or not. Hence metastatic disease is now the predominant issue. The concept of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is a potentially attractive additional or alternative strategy to radiotherapy to deal with metastases. However, randomised phase III trials, evaluating the addition of oxaliplatin at low doses plus preoperative fluoropyrimidine-based chemoradiotherapy (CRT), have in the main failed to show a significant improvement on early pathological response, with the exception of the German CAO/ARO/AIO-04 study. The integration of biologically targeted agents into preoperative CRT has also not fulfilled expectations. The addition of cetuximab appears to achieve relatively low rates of pathological complete responses, and the addition of bevacizumab has raised concerns for excess surgical morbidity. As an alternative to concurrent chemoradiation (which delivers only 5–6 weeks of chemotherapy), potential options include an induction component of 6–12 weeks of NACT prior to radiotherapy or chemoradiation, or the addition of chemotherapy after short-course preoperative radiotherapy (SCPRT) or chemoradiation (defined as consolidation chemotherapy) which utilises the “dead space” of the interval between the end of chemoradiation and surgery, or delivering chemotherapy alone without any radiotherapy. PMID:26217113

  1. [Surgical treatment of eyelid tumors].

    PubMed

    Serra, J M; Valiente, E; Paloma, V; Samayoa, V; Ordiales, G; Mesa, F

    1989-01-01

    Our surgical protocol for reconstruction of eyelid's defects after tumor excision is presented. Each technique is applied depending on the site and extension of the lesion and also on the pathologic characteristics of the tumor. PMID:2490181

  2. Intermittent exotropia: Surgical treatment strategies

    PubMed Central

    Kelkar, Jai Aditya; Gopal, Santhan; Shah, Rachana B; Kelkar, Aditya S

    2015-01-01

    Surgical management of intermittent exotropias (IXTs) is ambiguous, with techniques of management varying widely between institutions. This review aims to examine available literature on the surgical management of IXT. A literature search was performed using PubMed, Web of Knowledge, LILACS, and the University of Liverpool Orthoptic Journals and Conference Transactions Database. All English-language papers published between 1958 and the present day were considered. PMID:26458472

  3. One-stage surgical treatment for thoracic and lumbar Spinal tuberculosis by transpedicular fixation, debridement, and combined interbody and posterior fusion via a posterior-only approach.

    PubMed

    Ran, Bing; Xie, Yuan-Long; Yan, Lei; Cai, Lin

    2016-08-01

    This study examined the clinical outcomes of one-stage surgical treatment for patients with spinal tuberculosis via a posterior-only approach. Twenty-four patients with thoracic or lumbar spinal tuberculosis whose lesions were confined to adjacent segments were admitted to our hospital and treated. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale was used to assess the neurological function. All patients were treated with one-stage surgical treatment via a posterior-only approach. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores and oswestry disability index (ODI) of nerve function. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively by measurement of spinal deformity using Cobb angle and radiological examination. All the patients were followed up for 13 to 27 months. They had significantly postoperative improvement in JOA score, ODI and ASIA classification scores. The kyphotic angles were significantly corrected and maintained at the final follow-up. Bone fusion was achieved within 4-12 months. It was concluded that one-stage surgical treatment via a posterior-only approach is effective and feasible for the treatment of spinal tuberculosis. PMID:27465330

  4. Surgical treatment of a 180° thoracolumbar fixed kyphosis in a young achondroplastic patient: a one-stage "in situ" combined fusion and spinal cord translocation.

    PubMed

    Aurégan, J C; Odent, T; Zerah, M; Padovani, J P; Glorion, C

    2010-11-01

    An achondroplastic patient with a thoracolumbar kyphosis was first seen at the age of 16 at our institution. His only concern at that time was the aesthetic implication of his deformity. His physical examination was normal except for loss of the neurologic reflexes in the lower limbs. The radiographs showed a fixed 180° thoracolumbar kyphosis with correct frontal and sagittal balances. No spinal cord anomaly was found on MRI. Two years later, he developed a progressive neurogenic claudication of the lower limbs. He was still neurologically intact at rest. The MRI showed an abnormal central spinal cord signal in front of the apex of the kyphosis associated with the narrow congenital spinal canal. In regards to this progressive neurological worsening, a surgical treatment was decided. We decided to perform a front and back arthrodesis combined with a spinal cord decompression without reduction of the deformity. A five-level hemilaminotomy was performed with a posterior approach at the kyphosis deformity. The spinal cord was individualised onto 10 cm and the left nerve roots were isolated. A decancellation osteotomy of the three apex vertebrae and a disc excision were performed. The posterior aspect of the vertebral body was then translated forward 2 cm and in association with the spinal cord. Two nerve roots were severed laterally to approach the anterior part of the kyphosis and a peroneal strut graft was inlayed anterolaterally. A complementary anterior and a right posterolateral fusion was made with cancellous bone. The patient was immobilised in a cast for 3 months relayed by a thoracolumbosacral orthosis for 6 months. At 3 years follow-up, the neurogenic claudication had disappeared. No worsening of the kyphosis was observed. His only complaint is violent electric shock in the lower limbs with any external sudden pressure on the spinal cord in the area uncovered by bone. PMID:20714758

  5. Surgical treatments for vaginal apical prolapse.

    PubMed

    Kong, Mi Kyung; Bai, Sang Wook

    2016-07-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition, occurring in up to 11% of women in the United States. Often, pelvic organ prolapse recurs after surgery; when it recurs after hysterectomy, it frequently presents as vaginal apical prolapse. There are many different surgical treatments for vaginal apical prolapse; among them, abdominal sacral colpopexy is considered the gold standard. However, recent data reveal that other surgical procedures also result in good outcome. This review discusses the various surgical treatments for vaginal apical prolapse including their risks and benefits. PMID:27462591

  6. Surgical treatments for vaginal apical prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Kong, Mi Kyung

    2016-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition, occurring in up to 11% of women in the United States. Often, pelvic organ prolapse recurs after surgery; when it recurs after hysterectomy, it frequently presents as vaginal apical prolapse. There are many different surgical treatments for vaginal apical prolapse; among them, abdominal sacral colpopexy is considered the gold standard. However, recent data reveal that other surgical procedures also result in good outcome. This review discusses the various surgical treatments for vaginal apical prolapse including their risks and benefits. PMID:27462591

  7. Surgical treatment for combined hemifacial spasm and atypical trigeminal neuralgia caused by a tortuous basilar artery. Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Gressot, L V; Hassaneen, W; Fox, B D; Mitchell, B D; Tatsui, C E; Ehni, B L; Omeis, I

    2012-06-01

    Simultaneous hemifacial spasm (HFS) and trigeminal neuralgia caused by cranial nerve (CN) compression from a tortuous basilar artery (BA) is very rare. We report a case of a 66-year-old man who presented with both HFS and "atypical" trigeminal neuralgia. The patient had a tortuous BA compressing both CN V and VII. The patient underwent microvascular decompression after failing conservative medical management. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of both HFS and "atypical" trigeminal neuralgia that were both successfully treated by surgical intervention. We report the management of this rare combination and review the literature. PMID:22617178

  8. Surgical treatment of functional ischemic mitral regurgitation.

    PubMed

    Jensen, Henrik

    2015-03-01

    In many ways we are at a crossroad in terms of what constitutes optimal FIMR treatment: is CABG combined with mitral valve ring annuloplasty better than CABG alone in moderate FIMR? Is mitral valve repair really better than replacement? And does adding a valvular repair or subvalvular reverse remodeling procedure shift that balance? In the present thesis I aim to shed further light on these questions by addressing the current status and future perspectives of the surgical treatment of FIMR. CURRENT SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR FIMR. CABG alone: The overall impression from the literature is that patients are left with a high grade of persistent/recurrent FIMR from isolated CABG. CABG is most effective to treat FIMR in patients with viable myocardium (at least five viable segments) and absence of dyssynchrony between papillary muscles (< 60 ms). Mitral valve ring annuloplasty. A vast number of different designs are available to perform mitral valve ring annuloplasty with variations over the theme of complete/partial and rigid/semi-rigid/flexible. Also, the three-dimensional shape of the rigid and semi-rigid rings is the subject of great variation. A rigid or semi-rigid down-sized mitral valve ring annuloplasty is the most advocated treatment in chronic FIMR grade 2+ or higher. Combined CABG and mitral valve ring annuloplasty: CABG combined with mitral valve ring annuloplasty leads to reverse LV remodeling and reduced volumes. Despite this, the recurrence rate after combined CABG and mitral valve ring annuloplasty is 20-30% at 2-4 years follow-up. This is also true for studies strictly using down-sized mitral valve ring annuloplasty by two sizes. A number of preoperative risk factors to develop recurrent FIMR were identified, e.g. LVEDD > 65-70 mm, coaptation depth > 10 mm, anterior leaflet angle > 27-39.5°, posterior leaflet angle > 45° and interpapillary muscle distance > 20 mm. CABG alone vs. combined CABG and mitral valve ring annuloplasty: The current available

  9. Surgical Treatment of Keloids Secondary to Ear Piercing

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, A. Paul

    1978-01-01

    Keloids are medically benign, but often psychologically and cosmetically malignant lesions. They are most commonly located on the posterior aspect of the ear lobes. The author's treatment of choice is the combined intralesional steroid and surgical approach. Surgically, the best results are obtained when some of the skin overlying the keloid is used as a split thickness graft after all of the keloidal tissue has been removed. Explicit postoperative wound care instructions are important in insuring complication-free surgery. PMID:702572

  10. Surgical Treatment of Neuroendocrine Liver Metastases

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ser Yee; Cheow, Peng Chung; Teo, Jin Yao; Ooi, London L. P. J.

    2012-01-01

    Management of Neuroendocrine liver metastases (NELM) is challenging. The presence of NELM worsens survival outcome and almost 10% of all liver metastases are neuroendocrine in origin. There is no firm consensus on the optimal treatment strategy for NELM. A systematic search of the PubMed database was performed from 1995–2010, to collate the current evidence and formulate a sound management algorithm. There are 22 case series with a total of 793 patients who had undergone surgery for NELM. The overall survival ranges from 46–86% at 5 years, 35–79% at 10 years, and the median survival ranges from 52–123 months. After successful cytoreductive surgery, the mean duration of symptom reduction is between 16–26 months, and the 5-year recurrence/progression rate ranges from 59–76%. Five studies evaluated the efficacy of a combination cytoreductive strategy reporting survival rate of ranging from 83% at 3 years to 50% at 10 years. To date, there is no level 1 evidence comparing surgery versus other liver-directed treatment options for NELM. An aggressive surgical approach, including combination with additional liver-directed procedures is recommended as it leads to long-term survival, significant long-term palliation, and a good quality of life. A multidisciplinary approach should be established as the platform for decision making. PMID:22319650

  11. [Surgical treatment of esophageal diverticula].

    PubMed

    Constantinoiu, S; Constantin, A; Predescu, D; Mates, I N; Mocanu, A; Gheorghe, M; Hoară, P; Achim, F; Cociu, L

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to evaluate the methods and therapeutic principles of esophageal diverticula pathology. We analyze the main pathological mechanisms which establish the therapeutic attitude linked with a complex pretherapeutic evaluation. In our study we enrolled 12 patients operated between 2001-2009 for esophageal diverticula with different topography. In this period of time there were much more patients diagnosed with this pathology, but the need for surgery was establish very tight regarding the actual practical guide which impose the identification and interception of physiological mechanisms by the surgical procedure. We highlight the particular technical details, as well as the important differences of postoperatory complications according to the topography of the diverticula pouch. PMID:21523958

  12. Surgical treatment of pulmonary aspergilloma.

    PubMed Central

    Soltanzadeh, H; Wychulis, A R; Sadr, F; Bolanowski, P J; Neville, W E

    1977-01-01

    Fourteen patients with aspergilloma (fungus ball) were reviewed. Hemoptysis was the major symptom (93%). Chest roentgenograms disclosed a "fungus ball" in every patient, and the mycelia of Aspergillus fumigatus were recovered from all resected specimens. One of three patients treated by pneumonectomy died post-operatively. A lobectomy was performed in ten patients, and segmental resection in one without mortality or significant morbidity. There has been no evidence of recurrence in a follow up of six months to ten years. On the basis of this experience and a review of the literature, excision of a solitary "fungus ball" is recommended when the diagnosis is made. Non-surgical therapy should be reserved for patients whose general medical status or pulmonary reserved prohibit resection. Images Fig. 1. Fig. 2a. Fig. 2b. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. PMID:327952

  13. Diagnostic, treatment, and surgical imaging in epilepsy.

    PubMed

    Nagae, Lidia Mayumi; Lall, Neil; Dahmoush, Hisham; Nyberg, Eric; Mirsky, David; Drees, Cornelia; Honce, Justin M

    2016-01-01

    Dedicated epilepsy centers are growing in hospitals throughout the USA and abroad, with a continuously increasing role of imaging in multidisciplinary meetings. Imaging is paramount in diagnosis, treatment, and surgical decision-making in lesional and nonlesional epileptic disease. Besides being up-to-date with technical developments in imaging that may make an impact in patient care, familiarity with clinical and surgical aspects of epilepsy is fundamental to better understanding of patient management. The present article intends to revisit diagnostic, therapeutic, and surgical imaging in epilepsy. Finally, with the increase in frequency of epilepsy management-related procedures and their hardware, MRI safety issues are discussed. PMID:27317207

  14. [Surgical treatment for patients with hyperparathyroidism].

    PubMed

    Noda, Satoru; Onoda, Naoyoshi

    2016-06-01

    Although parathyroid surgery is not a complicated surgical procedure, enough knowledge of the surgical anatomy and accurate information for localization of involved gland are required from the fact of the variation in the number and the location of the parathyroid gland. Surgical treatment for patients with hyperparathyroidism has been in the transition state from the era of both sides exploration to minimally invasive surgery. In addition, intraoperative radio guide method, intraoperative iPTH measurement, and intraoperative neuromonitoring have been introduced for the safe and reliable operation. PMID:27230845

  15. Surgical Treatment of Spinal Tuberculosis Complicated with Extensive ABSCESS

    PubMed Central

    Brito, Joaquim Soares Do; Tirado, António; Fernandes, Pedro

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Tuberculosis can be responsible for extensive spinal lesions. Despite the efficacy of medical treatment, surgery is indicated to avoid or correct significant deformity, treat spinal instability, prevent neurological compromise, and to eradicate an extensive tuberculous abscess. In this paper we present our experience in the surgical management of spinal tuberculosis complicated with large abscess. Patients and Methods Fifteen patients with spinal tuberculosis complicated with extensive abscess were identified; and nine of those patients had extension of the infection into the epidural space. The average age at treatment was 34 years old. Seven patients had thoracic infection, seven patients had lumbar infection and one had thoracolumbar infection. Six patients had neurological deficit at presentation. All patients were surgically treated with abscess debridement, spinal stabilization and concurrent antituberculous chemotherapy. A single anterior surgical approach was used in three cases, a posterior approach was used in four others and a combined approach was performed in eight patients. Results Surgical management allowed for effective abscess debridement and sspinal stabilization in this cohort. In combination with antituberculous drugs, surgical treatment resulted in infection eradication and bone fusion in all patients at 24 month average follow-up. Satisfactory neurological outcomes with improved American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scores were observed in 100% of patients. Conclusion Surgical treatment for spinal tuberculosis abscess can lead to satisfactory clinical outcomes. PMID:25328472

  16. [Surgical controversy. Combined surgery in one procedure].

    PubMed

    Hamard, P

    2005-06-01

    Combined surgery (phacoemulsification and penetrating or nonpenetrating filtering surgery) has the advantage of treating two distinct disorders in a single operation, with the objective of improving visual acuity and controlling ocular hypertension. In addition, it improves patient comfort and compliance to treatment. It lowers intraocular pressure more than simple lens surgery and the same as surgery carried out in two steps, notably with nonpenetrating filtering surgery, whereas the incidence of complications is lower. Our personal experience with 35 patients, operated on for phacoemulsification and deep sclerectomy with external trabeculectomy in the same operation confirms that this combined surgery in a single operation is effective in controlling ocular pressure in glaucoma subjects (mean reduction in tension, 23%), with few complications. PMID:16208242

  17. Two-step surgery for a unique case of idiopathic female pseudohermaphroditism. Surgical treatment in an exceptional combined uro-genital malformation.

    PubMed

    Scuderi, Nicolò; Alei, Giovanni; Maruccia, Michele; Letizia, Piero; Sorvillo, Valentina; Ricottilli, Francesco; Alei, Lavinia; Onesti, Maria Giuseppina

    2012-01-01

    A 15 years-old patient was brought to our attention in June 2010 with a complex genito-urinary malformation: fusion of the labia majora and a partial union of labia minora, common urinary and vaginal meatus and clitoromegaly. The patient had a normal sexual feminine hormonal development. After diagnostic iter the patient underwent surgery twice. No signs of hormonal deficency was shown authorizing us to approach the disease as a congenital malformation due to an abnormality of intrauterine development. So surgical treatment was carried out, considering it as the gold standard for this type of malformations. It's considerable to emphasize that the association between clitoromegaly and fusion of the lower third of the urethra with the vagina has not been previously reported in the literature. PMID:23110911

  18. Surgical versus medical treatment of nasal polyps.

    PubMed

    Lildholdt, T; Fogstrup, J; Gammelgaard, N; Kortholm, B; Ulsoe, C

    1988-01-01

    A randomized comparison of the usual surgical removal of nasal polyps versus systemic steroid treatment was performed in 53 patients. In all, continuous topical steroid treatment was given during the one year period of observation. In both groups the initial treatment resulted in a continuous increase in mean nasal expiratory peak flow as well as in the sense of smell; these two parameters showed a temporary statistically significant difference in favour of the medically treated group. In general though, the results in the two treatment groups were alike. Therefore medical treatment is recommended for routine use. Surgical removal should be reserved for those few cases in which the presence of residual or recurrent polyps justifies the inherent risks and discomfort for the patient. PMID:3341154

  19. [Surgical treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation].

    PubMed

    Menguy, R; Chey, W

    We review current experience with surgical treatment of severe constipation due to primary inertia of the colon. Over the last 10 years, we have operated 18 patients (14 females and 4 males) with severe constipation. The surgical procedure was either nearly total colonectomy with ascending colon/rectum anastomosis (8 cases) or total colonectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (9 cases). In one patient, coloproctectomy was performed with an ileoanal anastomosi. Indications for surgery were based on results of barium emena and functional evaluation of defecation. Results were satisfactory in all patients. In several patients however, we noted that the motility of other levels of the digestive tract was also impaired. Colonectomy was introduced as a treatment for chronic constipation nearly a century ago and although very few indications have been retained in the recent this procedure has now become an acceptable surgical approach in a limited number of well-though-out cases. PMID:7729199

  20. Surgical treatments for esophageal cancers

    PubMed Central

    Allum, William H.; Bonavina, Luigi; Cassivi, Stephen D.; Cuesta, Miguel A.; Dong, Zhao Ming; Felix, Valter Nilton; Figueredo, Edgar; Gatenby, Piers A.C.; Haverkamp, Leonie; Ibraev, Maksat A.; Krasna, Mark J.; Lambert, René; Langer, Rupert; Lewis, Michael P.N.; Nason, Katie S.; Parry, Kevin; Preston, Shaun R.; Ruurda, Jelle P.; Schaheen, Lara W.; Tatum, Roger P.; Turkin, Igor N.; van der Horst, Sylvia; van der Peet, Donald L.; van der Sluis, Peter C.; van Hillegersberg, Richard; Wormald, Justin C.R.; Wu, Peter C.; Zonderhuis, Barbara M.

    2015-01-01

    The following, from the 12th OESO World Conference: Cancers of the Esophagus, includes commentaries on the role of the nurse in preparation of esophageal resection (ER); the management of patients who develop high-grade dysplasia after having undergone Nissen fundoplication; the trajectory of care for the patient with esophageal cancer; the influence of the site of tumor in the choice of treatment; the best location for esophagogastrostomy; management of chylous leak after esophagectomy; the optimal approach to manage thoracic esophageal leak after esophagectomy; the choice for operational approach in surgery of cardioesophageal crossing; the advantages of robot esophagectomy; the place of open esophagectomy; the advantages of esophagectomy compared to definitive chemoradiotherapy; the pathologist report in the resected specimen; the best way to manage patients with unsuspected positive microscopic margin after ER; enhanced recovery after surgery for ER: expedited care protocols; and long-term quality of life in patients following esophagectomy. PMID:25266029

  1. Surgical Treatment of Posttraumatic Radioulnar Synostosis

    PubMed Central

    Bigazzi, P.; Casini, C.; De Angelis, C.; Ceruso, M.

    2016-01-01

    Radioulnar synostosis is a rare complication of forearm fractures. The formation of a bony bridge induces functional disability due to limitation of the pronosupination. Although the etiology of posttraumatic synostosis is unknown, it seems that the incidence is higher in patients who have suffered a concomitant neurological or burn trauma, and extensive soft tissue injury, mainly due to high-energy impact. Surgical treatment, such as reinsertion of distal biceps tendon into the radius, seems to be another possible factor. The aim of the surgical treatment is to remove the bony bridge and restore complete range of movement (ROM), thus preventing recurrence. Literature does not indicate a preferred type of surgical procedure for the aforementioned complication; however, it has been shown that surgical interposition of inert material reduces the formation rate of recurrent bony bridge. We describe a surgical technique in two cases in which the radius and ulna were wrapped with allogenic, cadaver fascia lata graft to prevent bony bridge formation. The data from 2 years of follow-up are reported, indicating full restoration of ROM and no recurrence of synostosis. PMID:26977328

  2. Conservative surgical treatment of tongue hemangiopericytoma.

    PubMed

    Borello, Giovanni; Arcuri, Francesco; Nicolotti, Matteo; Brucoli, Matteo; Farri, Filippo; Valletti, Paolo Aluffi

    2012-07-01

    Hemangiopericytoma is a vascular tumor that is believed to arise from the Zimmermann's pericytes, smooth muscles cells localized around the blood vessels. This tumor presents as a slowly enlarging painless mass with a clear predilection for the musculoskeletal system. The aim of this work was to introduce a peculiar case of a tongue hemangiopericytoma managed by conservative surgical treatment. PMID:22801154

  3. Surgical treatment of intestinal radiation injury

    SciTech Connect

    Maekelae, J.Ne.; Nevasaari, K.; Kairaluoma, M.I.

    1987-10-01

    A review of 43 consecutive patients requiring operation for serious intestinal radiation injury was undertaken to elucidate the efficacy of surgical treatment. The most common site of radiation injury was the rectum (19 cases), followed by the small bowel (13 cases), the colon (7 cases), and the combination of these (4 cases). The overall operative mortality was 14%; morbidity, 47%; and the postoperative symptom-free period, 18 +/- 30 months. Colostomy (N = 20) carried the lowest risk of mortality, 0%, as compared with resection (N = 17) and bypass procedure (N = 6), which were accompanied by the mortalities of 24% and 33%, respectively. During the follow-up (3-13 years) 12 patients (28%) died of recurrent cancer and 9 patients (21%) of persistent radiation injury, which yielded an overall mortality of 65% after resection and 50% and 65% after bypass and colostomy procedures, respectively. Continuing radiation damage led to 15 late reoperations. Ten of these were performed after colostomy, four after resection, and one after bypass. We conclude that colostomy cannot be regarded as a preferred operative method, because it does not prevent the progression of radiation injury and because it is, for this reason, associated with a higher late-complication rate. A more radical surgery is recommended but with the limitation that the operative method must be adapted to the operative finding.

  4. Urinary Bladder Leiomyosarcoma: Primary Surgical Treatment.

    PubMed

    Slaoui, Hakim; Sanchez-Salas, Rafael; Validire, Pierre; Barret, Eric; Rozet, François; Galiano, Marc; Cathelineau, Xavier

    2014-07-01

    Cases of bladder leiomyosarcoma represent 0.1% of all nonurothelial tumors. We present a case report of a 73-year-old man who underwent a radical cystoprostatectomy for a high-grade bladder leiomyosarcoma with an ileal diversion. The patient recovered uneventfully and no surgical margins were verified in final pathology. Early follow-up at 3 months shows no signs of computed tomography recurrence and adequate adaptation to ileal diversion. Although bladder sarcomas were once thought to have a grim prognosis, recent studies suggest that adequate surgical treatment is able to achieve optimal cancer control outcomes. PMID:26839792

  5. [Surgical treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus].

    PubMed

    Carrillo-Esper, Raúl; Muciño-Bermejo, María Jimena

    2014-01-01

    Sustained remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus and significantly improved hyperlipidemia and arterial hypertension, control has been achieves in both lean and obese patient after bariatric surgery procedures or other gastrointestinal surgical procedures. It has been demonstrated that the metabolic effects of bariatric surgery in these patients derives not only in reducing weight and caloric intake, but also endocrine changes resulting from surgical manifestation gastrointestinal tract. In this article we review the clinical outcomes of such interventions (collectively called "metabolic surgery") and the perspectives on the role that these surgeries play in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. PMID:25312324

  6. Surgical Treatment of Upper Extremity Pain.

    PubMed

    Dellon, Arnold Lee

    2016-02-01

    If the patient with hand pain remains without significant relief and without recovery of function after appropriate pharmaceutical and physical modality treatments, it is appropriate to consider a surgical approach to the pain. Categories of pain amenable to a surgical approach are pain caused by nerve compression, pain caused by a neuroma, and joint pain of neural origin. Compressed nerve should be decompressed and depending on the intraoperative findings a neurolysis also should be performed. Painful neuroma must be resected to stop the pain generator. For a painful joint, the biomechanics of that joint must first be stable before denervation. PMID:26611391

  7. [Coproductive teamwork in surgical cancer treatment].

    PubMed

    Konishi, Toshiro; Harihara, Yasushi; Furushima, Kaoru

    2013-04-01

    With regard to surgical treatment of cancer, there is a strong demand for safe treatment with few errors: treatment must be based on transparency, understandability, and rationality. There is also demand for treatment which is quick, efficient and not wasteful. Rather than maintaining our current pyramidal system which has doctors standing as authorities at the top, there is a need for a flat, non-authoritarian system at every level and section of the hospital. As we change methodology, electronic medical records and clinical pathways will be important tools. Among the surgical department's treatment team in our hospital, there are many branches at work on peri-operative management aside from operations; There are teams for infection control (ICT), nutrition support (NST), decubitus and stoma management, rehabilitaion, and chemotherapy, and team cooperation after discharge from hospital. In addition, the collaborative and coproductive team focusing on pain releif and palliative care in terminal phase (PCT) is important. Having introduced each of the parts of team treatment within the setting of the surgical department, the need now for strong leadership from young and brightful surgeons is also emphasized. PMID:23848009

  8. Surgical Treatment of a Burns Case of 40% TBSA

    PubMed Central

    Buja, Z.; Shabani, A.; Zatriqi, V.; Terziqi, H.; Bukoshi, Z.; Berisha, A.; Arifi, H.

    2005-01-01

    Summary We describe the case of a two-year-old boy with massive burns. After the period of shock and sepsis, very successful four-phase operative treatment was performed, with combined skin grafting homograft plus autograft. With regard to the four surgical interventions, in the first two we used the above combined method, while in the other two we used grafting only with skin autograft. We also used the donor region of the epicranial scalp. PMID:21990989

  9. Surgical treatment of a tomaculous neuropathy.

    PubMed

    Taggart, T F; Allen, T R

    2001-08-01

    Compressive neuropathy of the ulnar nerve at the elbow is the second most common nerve entrapment in the upper limb. Eight possible anatomical points of constriction have been identified. The most common constriction being the intermuscular septum proximally or between the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris in the cubital canal distally. Surgical release is successful in 80-90% of cases. Certain rare genetic conditions can predispose susceptible peripheral nerves to similar compressive neuropathies but there is no literature on surgical treatment of such patients. We present a case of hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) often known as 'tomaculous' neuropathy, in a patient with ulnar nerve symptoms who underwent a surgical release. PMID:11523718

  10. Non-surgical treatments for the management of early osteoarthritis.

    PubMed

    Filardo, Giuseppe; Kon, Elizaveta; Longo, Umile Giuseppe; Madry, Henning; Marchettini, Paolo; Marmotti, Antonio; Van Assche, Dieter; Zanon, Giacomo; Peretti, Giuseppe M

    2016-06-01

    Non-surgical treatments are usually the first choice for the management of knee degeneration, especially in the early osteoarthritis (OA) phase when no clear lesions or combined abnormalities need to be addressed surgically. Early OA may be addressed by a wide range of non-surgical approaches, from non-pharmacological modalities to dietary supplements and pharmacological therapies, as well as physical therapies and novel biological minimally invasive procedures involving injections of various substances to obtain a clinical improvement and possibly a disease-modifying effect. Numerous pharmaceutical agents are able to provide clinical benefit, but no one has shown all the characteristic of an ideal treatment, and side effects have been reported at both systemic and local level. Patients and physicians should have realistic outcome goals in pharmacological treatment, which should be considered together with other conservative measures. Among these, exercise is an effective conservative approach, while physical therapies lack literature support. Even though a combination of these therapeutic options might be the most suitable strategy, there is a paucity of studies focusing on combining treatments, which is the most common clinical scenario. Further studies are needed to increase the limited evidence on non-surgical treatments and their combination, to optimize indications, application modalities, and results with particular focus on early OA. In fact, most of the available evidence regards established OA. Increased knowledge about degeneration mechanisms will help to better target the available treatments and develop new biological options, where preliminary results are promising, especially concerning early disease phases. Specific treatments aimed at improving joint homoeostasis, or even counteracting tissue damage by inducing regenerative processes, might be successful in early OA, where tissue loss and anatomical changes are still at very initial stages. PMID

  11. Wound irrigation within the surgical treatment of osteomyelitis

    PubMed Central

    Tiemann, A. H.; Hofmann, G. O.

    2012-01-01

    The basic treatment of osteomyelitis remains even today the surgical debridement in combination with a wound irrigation by lavage systems. Next to a comprehensive knowledge of the surgical techniques a profound knowledge of the lavage systems, the rinsing solutions used and the philosophies of revision programs are a must. In this article the typical hardware of modern lavage systems is analysed, their advantages and disadvantages are pointed out. In addition we investigate the value of common antiseptic wound irrigation solutions for their use in osteomyelitis therapy. Finally the two basic philosophies of wound revision and irrigation in the course of osteomyelitis therapy are presented and discussed. PMID:26504692

  12. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Medical or Surgical Treatment?

    PubMed Central

    Liakakos, Theodore; Karamanolis, George; Patapis, Paul; Misiakos, Evangelos P.

    2009-01-01

    Background. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common condition with increasing prevalence worldwide. The disease encompasses a broad spectrum of clinical symptoms and disorders from simple heartburn without esophagitis to erosive esophagitis with severe complications, such as esophageal strictures and intestinal metaplasia. Diagnosis is based mainly on ambulatory esophageal pH testing and endoscopy. There has been a long-standing debate about the best treatment approach for this troublesome disease. Methods and Results. Medical treatment with PPIs has an excellent efficacy in reversing the symptoms of GERD, but they should be taken for life, and long-term side effects do exist. However, patients who desire a permanent cure and have severe complications or cannot tolerate long-term treatment with PPIs are candidates for surgical treatment. Laparoscopic antireflux surgery achieves a significant symptom control, increased patient satisfaction, and complete withdrawal of antireflux medications, in the majority of patients. Conclusion. Surgical treatment should be reserved mainly for young patients seeking permanent results. However, the choice of the treatment schedule should be individualized for every patient. It is up to the patient, the physician and the surgeon to decide the best treatment option for individual cases. PMID:20069112

  13. [Surgical treatment of bronchiectases in elderly patients].

    PubMed

    Danilov, G P; Makeeva, R P; Shornikov, V A; Zil'ber, E K; Akopov, A L

    2010-01-01

    The authors present experiences with surgical treatment of 29 patients (aged 50-64 years) with bronchiectases. Early and late results were analyzed. It was shown that complex approach to the estimation of the findings of radiography, spiral computed tomography, investigation of the external respiration function, fibrobronchoscopy and bronchoscopy, if necessary, allowed operating the patients older than 50 years with local forms of bronchiectases which gave good results. PMID:21137257

  14. The Surgical Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Jeanne; Bailey, Marci S.; Damiano, Ralph J.

    2009-01-01

    Summary For two decades, the cut-and-sew Cox-Maze III procedure was the gold standard for the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF), and proved to be effective at eliminating AF. The incidence of late stroke was also very low. However, this procedure was not widely adopted due to its complexity and technical difficulty. Over the last 5-10 years, the introduction of new ablation technology has led to the development of the Cox-Maze IV procedure, as well as, more limited lesion sets, with the ultimate goal of performing a minimally-invasive lesion set on the beating heart, without the need for cardiopulmonary bypass. This review summarizes the current state of the art and future directions in the stand-alone surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation. The hope is that as more is learned about the mechanisms of AF and with better preoperative diagnostic technologies capable of precisely locating the areas responsible for AF, it will become possible to tailor specific lesion sets and ablation modalities to individual patients, making the surgical treatment of AF available to a larger population of patients. PMID:19631907

  15. Suprasellar cysts: clinical presentation, surgical indications, and optimal surgical treatment

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background To describe the clinical presentation of suprasellar cysts (SSCs) and surgical indications, and compare the treatment methods of endoscopic ventriculocystostomy (VC) and ventriculocystocisternotomy (VCC). Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of 73 consecutive patients with SSC who were treated between June 2002 and September 2009. Twenty-two patients were treated with VC and 51 with VCC. Outcome was assessed by clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging. Results The patients were divided into five groups based on age at presentation: age less than 1 year (n = 6), 1-5 years (n = 36), 6-10 years (n = 15), 11-20 years (n = 11), and 21-53 years (n = 5). The main clinical presentations were macrocrania (100%), motor deficits (50%), and gaze disturbance (33.3%) in the age less than 1 year group; macrocrania (75%), motor deficits (63.9%), and gaze disturbance (27.8%) in the 1-5 years group; macrocrania (46.7%), symptoms of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) (40.0%), endocrine dysfunction (40%), and seizures (33.3%) in the 6-10 years group; symptoms of raised ICP (54.5%), endocrine dysfunction (54.5%), and reduced visual field or acuity (36.4%) in the 11-20 years group; and symptoms of raised ICP (80.0%) and reduced visual field or acuity (40.0%) in the 21-53 years group. The overall success rate of endoscopic fenestration was 90.4%. A Kaplan-Meier curve for long-term efficacy of the two treatment modalities showed better results for VCC than for VC (p = 0.008). Conclusions Different age groups with SSCs have different main clinical presentations. VCC appears to be more efficacious than VC. PMID:21586175

  16. Surgical treatment analysis of idiopathic esophageal achalasia

    PubMed Central

    de AQUINO, José Luis Braga; SAID, Marcelo Manzano; PEREIRA, Douglas Rizzanti; do AMARAL, Paula Casals; LIMA, Juliana Carolina Alves; LEANDRO-MERHI, Vânia Aparecida

    2015-01-01

    Background Idiopathic esophageal achalasia is an inflammatory disease of unknown origin, characterized by aperistalsis of the esophageal body and failure of the lower esophageal sphincter in response to swallowing, with consequent dysphagia. Aim To demonstrate the results of surgical therapy in these patients, evaluating the occurred local and systemic complications. Methods Were studied retrospectively 32 patients, 22 of whom presented non-advanced stage of the disease (Stage I/II) and 10 with advanced disease (Stage III/IV). All of them had the clinical conditions to be submitted to surgery. The diagnoses were done by clinical, endoscopic, cardiological, radiological and esophageal manometry analysis. Pre-surgical evaluation was done with a questionnaire based on the most predisposing factors in the development of the disease and the surgical indication was based on the stage of the disease. Results The patients with non-advanced stages were submitted to cardiomyotomy with fundoplication, wherein in the post-surgical early assessment, only one (4,4%) presented pulmonary infection, but had a good outcome. In patients with advanced disease, seven were submitted to esophageal mucosectomy preserving the muscular layer, wherein one patient (14,2%) presented dehiscence of gastric cervical esophagus anastomosis as well as pulmonary infection; all of these complications were resolved with proper specific treatment; the other three patients with advanced stage were submitted to transmediastinal esophagectomy; two of them presented hydropneumothorax with good evolution, and one of them also presented fistula of the cervical esophagogastric anastomosis, but with spontaneous healing after conservative treatment and nutritional support. The two patients with fistula of the cervical anastomosis progressed to stenosis, with good results after endoscopic dilations. In the medium and long term assessment done in 23 patients, all of them reported improvement in life quality, with

  17. Surgical treatment of the crooked nose.

    PubMed

    Stepnick, David; Guyuron, Bahman

    2010-04-01

    One-stage septorhinoplasty has become a surgical standard of care because many surgeons in the mid-twentieth century recognized that septal surgery played an essential role in the management of the crooked nose and therefore combined septoplasty and rhinoplasty into a single operation. Definitive predictable correction of the crooked nose is one of the most exigent aspects of this operation. The surgeon should methodically analyze the anatomy and aesthetics of a patient's nose, as a unique structure and as part of the overall face, and must have an understanding of the interrelationships of the structural components of the nose and of the dynamics of change that result from altering these various structures. This article discusses the general principles and the surgical details of septorhinoplasty. PMID:20206748

  18. Surgical versus medical treatment of nasal polyps.

    PubMed

    Lildholdt, T

    1989-01-01

    Surgical removal of nasal polyps is associated with discomfort and risks for the patient, but is the treatment of choice to most otorhinolaryngologists. Medical treatment alone has been little investigated. In a prospective clinical trial surgical removal followed by continuous topical steroid treatment has been compared with a single dose of steroid deposit followed by continuous topical steroid treatment. During a study period of one year, expiratory nasal peak flow and sense of smell were monitored. In general, the course in the two groups was alike, with a tendency favouring the medically treated group. In another study the clinical efficacy of this medical regimen was further documented experimentally. By acoustic rhinometry the square area of the nasal passages was measured before and a few days after the injection of the steroid deposit. Increased volume was found, corresponding to the instant clinical improvement. It is concluded that primary treatment of nasal polyps should be medical. Surgery is only recommended in cases, resistant to medical therapy. PMID:2672276

  19. [SURGICAL TREATMENT OF COMPLICATED GASTRODUODENAL ULCER].

    PubMed

    Lupahltsov, V I

    2016-03-01

    Results of operative treatment of 437 patients with complicated gastroduodenal ulcer were summarized. The modern views on the problem of conservative therapy for gas- troduodenal ulcer were presented. A rational individual approach with a certain terms is necessary for conservative treatment of gastroduodenal ulcer. A real way for improve- ment of the patients treatment results--it is a combination of effective conservative treatment with a timely established indications for a planned operative treatment before dangerous complications occur. PMID:27514084

  20. Current Surgical Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    Rönn, Karolin; Reischl, Nikolaus; Gautier, Emanuel; Jacobi, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    Osteoathritis (OA) of the knee is common, and the chances of suffering from OA increase with age. Its treatment should be initially nonoperative—and requires both pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment modalities. If conservative therapy fails, surgery should be considered. Surgical treatments for knee OA include arthroscopy, cartilage repair, osteotomy, and knee arthroplasty. Determining which of these procedures is most appropriate depends on several factors, including the location, stage of OA, comorbidities on the one side and patients suffering on the other side. Arthroscopic lavage and débridement is often carried out, but does not alter disease progression. If OA is limited to one compartment, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty or unloading osteotomy can be considered. They are recommended in young and active patients in regard to the risks and limited durability of total knee replacement. Total arthroplasty of the knee is a common and safe method in the elderly patients with advanced knee OA. This paper summarizes current surgical treatment strategies for knee OA, with a focus on the latest developments, indications and level of evidence. PMID:22046517

  1. Combination Short-Course Preoperative Irradiation, Surgical Resection, and Reduced-Field High-Dose Postoperative Irradiation in the Treatment of Tumors Involving the Bone

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, Timothy D. Kobayashi, Wendy; Dean, Susan; Goldberg, Saveli I.; Kirsch, David G.; Suit, Herman D.; Hornicek, Francis J.; Pedlow, Francis X.; Raskin, Kevin A.; Springfield, Dempsey S.; Yoon, Sam S.; Gebhardt, Marc C.; Mankin, Henry J.; DeLaney, Thomas F.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: To assess the feasibility and outcomes of combination short-course preoperative radiation, resection, and reduced-field (tumor bed without operative field coverage) high-dose postoperative radiation for patients with solid tumors mainly involving the spine and pelvis. Methods and Materials: Between 1982 and 2006, a total of 48 patients were treated using this treatment strategy for solid tumors involving bone. Radiation treatments used both photons and protons. Results: Of those treated, 52% had chordoma, 31% had chondrosarcoma, 8% had osteosarcoma, and 4% had Ewing's sarcoma, with 71% involving the pelvis/sacrum and 21% elsewhere in the spine. Median preoperative dose was 20 Gy, with a median of 50.4 Gy postoperatively. With 31.8-month median follow-up, the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate is 65%; 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate, 53.8%; and 5-year local control (LC) rate, 72%. There were no significant differences in OS, DFS, and LC according to histologic characteristics. Between primary and recurrent disease, there was no significant difference in OS rates (74.4% vs. 51.4%, respectively; p = 0.128), in contrast to DFS (71.5% vs. 18.3%; p = 0.0014) and LC rates (88.9% vs. 30.9%; p = 0.0011) favoring primary disease. After resection, 10 patients experienced delayed wound healing that did not significantly impact on OS, DFS, or LC. Conclusion: This approach is promising for patients with bone sarcomas in which resection will likely yield close/positive margins. It appears to inhibit tumor seeding with an acceptable rate of wound-healing complications. Dose escalation is accomplished without high-dose preoperative radiation (likely associated with higher rates of acute wound healing delays) or large-field postoperative radiation only (likely associated with late normal tissue toxicity). The LC and DFS rates are substantially better for patients with primary than recurrent sarcomas.

  2. Regenerative treatments to enhance orthopedic surgical outcome.

    PubMed

    Murrell, William D; Anz, Adam W; Badsha, Humeira; Bennett, William F; Boykin, Robert E; Caplan, Arnold I

    2015-04-01

    In orthopedic surgery there has been a never-ending quest to improve surgical outcome and the patient's experience. Progression has been marked by the refinement of surgical techniques and instruments and later by enhanced diagnostic imaging capability, specifically magnetic resonance. Over time implant optimization was achieved, along with the development of innovative minimally invasive arthroscopic technical skills to leverage new versions of classic procedures and implants to improve short-term patient morbidity and initial, mid-term, and long-term patient outcomes. The use of regenerative and/or biological adjuncts to aid the healing process has followed in the drive for continual improvement, and major breakthroughs in basic science have significantly unraveled the mechanisms of key healing and regenerative pathways. A wide spectrum of primary and complementary regenerative treatments is becoming increasingly available, including blood-derived preparations, growth factors, bone marrow preparations, and stem cells. This is a new era in the application of biologically active material, and it is transforming clinical practice by providing effective supportive treatments either at the time of the index procedure or during the postoperative period. Regenerative treatments are currently in active use to enhance many areas of orthopedic surgery in an attempt to improve success and outcome. In this review we provide a comprehensive overview of the peer-reviewed evidence-based literature, highlighting the clinical outcomes in humans both with preclinical data and human clinical trials involving regenerative preparations within the areas of rotator cuff, meniscus, ligament, and articular cartilage surgical repair. PMID:25864660

  3. Surgical treatment of the arthritic varus ankle.

    PubMed

    Easley, Mark E

    2012-12-01

    Within the past several years, the arthritic varus ankle has been addressed extensively in Foot and Ankle Clinics, with numerous excellent reviews by particularly knowledgeable authors. To support these outstanding contributions, this article provides a practical approach to this challenging constellation of foot and ankle abnormalities. Varus ankle arthritis exists on a continuum that prompts the treating surgeon to be familiar with a spectrum of surgical solutions, including joint-sparing realignment, arthroplasty, and arthrodesis. Each of these treatment options is addressed with several expanded case examples and supports the management approaches with the available pertinent literature. PMID:23158376

  4. THE DIAGNOSIS AND SURGICAL TREATMENT OF TETRALOGIES

    PubMed Central

    Olney, Mary B.

    1949-01-01

    Patients with congenital heart disease of the cyanotic type may be presumed to be candidates for surgical treatment if the examination of the heart reveals compatible findings, particularly murmurs characteristic of an interventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, and pulmonary stenosis; if the electrocardiogram shows right axis deviation; if the x-ray or fluoroscopic study demonstrates decreased pulmonary markings; if Diodrast injection shows right ventricular enlargement, a septal defect, overriding of the aorta, and small pulmonary arteries. In some cases some of these criteria may be missing. If there are not definite contraindications, exploratory thoracotomy is indicated for patients with congenital heart disease causing cyanosis. PMID:18131680

  5. Surgical Treatment of Nasal Obstruction in Rhinoplasty.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Ankona; Friedman, Oren

    2016-01-01

    The key to a successful septorhinoplasty includes an understanding of nasal anatomy and physiology. This allows the surgeon the ability to properly address both form and function during the operation. History and physical examination are paramount in diagnosing and subsequently treating the epicenter of obstruction, which is commonly found among the internal and external nasal valve, the septum, or the turbinates. Treatment of each of these areas is nuanced and multiple approaches are discussed to provide an understanding of the current surgical techniques that allow for excellent functional and cosmetic rhinoplasty results. PMID:26616692

  6. Irrigants in non-surgical endodontic treatment.

    PubMed

    Regan, John D; Fleury, Alex A P

    2006-01-01

    This paper highlights that one of the main goals of root canal treatment is the elimination of microorganisms from the contaminated root canal system. Instrumentation alone will not allow for adequate debridement and disinfection of the complex and diverse root canal system. Chemomechanical debridement is required. The importance of the use of irrigants during non-surgical root canal treatment has frequently been neglected both during instruction of dental students and later in the clinical practice of endodontics. The article highlights 'shape, clean and fill' vs. 'clean, shape and fill' to enable chemomechanical debridement. Our protocol advises mechanical debridement and copious irrigation for a minimum of twenty minutes with 2.5% to 6% solutions of sodium hypochlorite, followed by a rinse with a 17% solution of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and a final rinse with 2% chlorhexidine. The canals are dried with high volume aspirators and sterile paper points. PMID:16989370

  7. Surgical Treatments for Infantile Purulent Meningitis Complicated by Subdural Effusion

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Xianshu; Zhang, Xiaoru; Cao, Hongbin; Jing, Shiyuan; Yang, Zhiguo; Cheng, Zhenghai; Liu, Ye; Li, Xin; Gao, Feifei; Ji, Yuanqi

    2015-01-01

    Background Infantile purulent meningitis (PM) is a commonly severe intracranial infectious disease in infants under age 1 year. In recent years, several diagnostic and treatment methods were reported, but in these cases the neurological complications and sequel were often observed, among which subdural effusion (SE) is the most common complication in PM. Timely diagnosis and early intervention are vital for better outcomes. In this study, the surgical treatments for infantile PM complicated by SE were investigated. Material/Methods Patients who had PM complicated by SE in the Children’s Hospital of Hebei Province from June 2000 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed and 170 patients were enrolled in the study. Surgical treatment for each patient was adopted according to producing effusion time, leucocyte count, protein content, intracranial pressure, and bacteria culture, coupled with cranial ultrasound examination, CT, and MRI scans. Results Nearly, 15 patients were cured using serial taps, with a 50% cure rate. Seventeen out of 30 (56.6%) patients receiving subcutaneous reservoir drainage had better outcome. Nearly 80% of patients (55/69) who underwent minimally invasive trepanation and drainage were positive. Surgical procedure of minimally invasive trepanation and drainage combined with drug douche was effective in 63% of patients (19/30). In addition, 6 patients were cured with subdural-peritoneal shunt. Only 1 patient died, after the recurrence of meningitis, and the remaining 4 patients were cured by craniotomy. Conclusions For infantile PM complicated with SE, treatment needs be chosen according to the specific situation. Surgical procedure of minimally invasive trepanation and drainage is a very effective treatment in curing PM complicated by SE. The treatment was highly effective with the use of drug douche. Subdural-peritoneal shunt and craniotomy were as effective as in refractory cases. PMID:26482715

  8. [SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH URETERAL RUPTURES].

    PubMed

    Komjakov, B K; Guliev, B G

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to analyze the causes of ureteral ruptures and the types surgical procedures used for their management. Over the period from 2006 to 2014, 7 patients with ureteral ruptures underwent surgical treatment in the Mechnikov N-WSMU clinic. All of them were males aged 50 to 71 years. In all cases, the ureter was injured during ureteroscopy and contact lithotripsy. In two patients the right ureter was cut off at the border of the upper and middle third, in four--at 3-4 cm below pyeloureteral segment, one patient diagnosed with a complete separation of the ureter from the kidney pelvis. Patients, who have suffered a detachment of the ureter in other hospitals, previously underwent surgical exploration of the retroperitoneal space, drainage of the kidney by pyelonephrostomy (5) and ureterocutaneostomy (1). In a case of a patient with an injury that occurred in our clinic, laparoscopic nephrectomy with autologous renal transplantation was carried out. Five patients with extended ureter defects underwent ileo-ureteroplasty. The patient with left ureterocutaneostomy underwent nephrovesical bypass. Patency of the upper urinary tract and kidney function were restored in all patients, all of them were relieved from external drains. The duration of the intestinal plastic averaged 160 minutes, laparoscopic nephrectomy with autologous transplantation--210 min and nephrovesical bypass--110 min. Blood transfusion was required only in autologous graft patient. The ureteral rupture is a serious complication of ureteral endourological procedures in upper urinary tract. It requires such complicated reconstructive operations as autologous transplantation of the kidney or intestinal ureteroplasty. PMID:26390553

  9. The surgical treatment of Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans

    PubMed Central

    Hartley, A.; Ramanathan, C.; Siddiqui, H.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans (BXO) is a chronic, often progressive disease, which can lead to phimosis and urethral stenosis, affecting both urinary and sexual function. Steroid creams are usually the first-line treatment but have a limited role and surgical intervention is frequently necessary. Conservative surgical procedures (circumcision) are often preferred in the first instance with the premise that recurrence of disease will require a more definitive reconstruction. This study looked at patients with pathologically proven BXO referred to the Plastic Surgery Unit at James Cook University Hospital between 2005 and 2009. The aim was to look at their management in the past and subsequent management by us. We also looked at whether early referral of progressive and recurrent BXO patients to reconstructive surgery could have prevented unnecessary delay in resolving symptoms at an earlier stage. Materials and Methods: Data was collected retrospectively and information regarding the exact anatomical location affected, the extent of the disease, the referring specialty and any previous surgical interventions was obtained. Alterations in urinary and sexual function and relief of symptoms following reconstructive surgery were analysed. Results: Of the 23 patients in the study, 43% had previous surgery and 60% of those had undergone two or more procedures. Twenty-one percent of patients had a history of BXO for over five years. Forty-seven percent of patients had alteration in their urinary function and 48% alteration in their sexual function due to the disease, prior to referral. Early results showed remarkable improvement in urinary and sexual function following reconstructive surgery in this group. Conclusions: Steroid creams have been shown to limit the progression of the disease but do not offer a cure in the majority of cases. Circumcision can be a curative procedure in early disease. Although there is conflicting evidence for treatment of recurring

  10. Surgical treatment of double primary liver cancer

    PubMed Central

    Li, Aijun; Ma, Senlin; Pawlik, Timothy; Wu, Bin; Yang, Xiaoyu; Cui, Longjiu; Wu, Mengchao

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Double primary liver cancer (DPLC) is a special type of clinical situation. As such, a detailed analysis of the surgical management and prognosis of patients with DPLC is lacking. The objective of the current study was to define the management and outcome of patients undergoing surgery for DPLC at a major hepatobiliary center. A total of 87 patients treated by surgical resection at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from January 1st, 2007 to October 31st, 2013 who had DPLC demonstrated by final pathological diagnosis were identified. Among these, 50 patients had complete clinical and prognostic data. Demographic and tumor characteristics as well as the prognosis were analyzed. The proportion of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) (+) and hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg) (+), HBsAg (+), and HBeAg (−) hepatocirrhosis in all patients was 21.84%, 67.82%, and 63.22%, respectively. Incidental findings accounted for 58.62% of patients; among those who had symptoms, the main symptom was abdominal pain (31.03%). Nonanatomic wedge resection was the main operative approach (62.07%). Postoperatively, the main complications included seroperitoneum (11.49%), hypoproteinemia (10.34%), and pleural effusion (8.05%). Factors associated with disease-free survival (DFS) included intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) tumor size (P = 0.002) and use of postoperative prophylactic transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatment (P = 0.015). Meanwhile, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) size (P = 0.045), ICC size (P < 0.001), and liver function (including aspartate aminotransferase [P = 0.001] and r-glutamyl transferase [P < 0.001]) were associated with overall survival (OS). Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatitis or cirrhosis is also an important factor in the pathogenesis of DPLC and surgical treatment is safe for it with low complication rates. In addition, it is effective to prolong DFS that DPLC patients undergo postoperative

  11. [Surgical treatment of craniocervical instability. Review paper].

    PubMed

    Alpizar-Aguirre, Armando; Lara Cano, Jorge Giovanni; Rosales, Luis; Míramontes, Victor; Reyes-Sánchez, Alejandro Antonio

    2007-01-01

    The concept of spinal instability is still controversial. Anatomical, biomechanical, clinical and radiographic variants are involved and make the definition complicated. There are solid diagnostic bases in cases of fractures and degenerative disorders; however, pure spinal instability is still under study. The latter may be defined as increased mobility that goes beyond the physiological limits of one vertebra over another in at least one of the three spinal planes of motion. In the case of the craniocervical region, its understanding becomes even more challenging, since its anatomy and physiology are more complex and it is more mobile. Surgical treatment is possible with either an anterior or a posterior approach. Best results are obtained with occipitocervical or atlantoaxial stabilization through a posterior approach, since the anterior one has its limitations. For example, a transoral approach with a bone graft provides compression strength but does not enable immediate appropriate fixation and involves the risk of infection. The choice of the surgical approach must consider the patient's medical status, the specific spine levels involved, the extent of neurological compromise, the X-ray abnormalities and the individual pathology. The goals of surgery are achieved through an appropriate anatomical alignment, assuring the protection of the neural elements and achieving proper spine stabilization with as much preservation of the mobile vertebral segments as possible. PMID:17970561

  12. [Surgical treatment of myasthenia gravis in children].

    PubMed

    Iudin, Ia B; Kogan, O G; Prokopenko, Iu D; Klepikov, I I; Vusik, G V; Fedorov, K K; Ivanov, V V; Diupin, V A; Merzeniuk, O S

    1989-11-01

    The article deals with the treatment of myasthenia in 33 children whose ages ranged from 3 to 15 years. Myasthenia of moderate severity was diagnosed in 14, severe in 15, and extremely severe in 2 children. To make a precise diagnosis, loading, neostigmine methylsulfate, cold, and D-tubocurarine tests were conducted. Thymectomy was performed in 32 patients. The operation was carried out through a T-shaped sternotomy approach. Thymogenic myasthenia was verified in 31 patients and thymomogenic only in one patient. There were no fatal outcomes. The late-term results were studied in 12 patients in follow-up periods of 3 to 6 years. Adaptational activity of the patients, anticholinesterase agents and the results of stimulant electric myography served as the criterion in appraising the late-term results. Modern diagnostic methods and surgical intervention ensure a favourable result in 75% of patients. PMID:2615272

  13. [Surgical treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension].

    PubMed

    Mercier, Olaf; Fadel, Elie; Mussot, Sacha; Fabre, Dominique; Ladurie, François-Leroy; Angel, Claude; Brenot, Philippe; Riou, Jean-Yves; Bourkaib, Riad; Lehouerou, Daniel; Musat, Andy; Stephan, François; Rohnean, Adéla; Jaïs, Xavier; Humbert, Marc; Sitbon, Olivier; Simonneau, Gérald; Dartevelle, Philippe

    2014-09-01

    Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is a rare but underdiagnosed disease. The development of imaging played a crucial role for the screening and the decision of operability over the past few years. Indeed, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is the only type of pulmonary hypertension with a potential curative treatment: pulmonary endarterectomy. It is a complexe surgical procedure performed under cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest. The aim of the procedure is to completely remove the scar tissue inside the pulmonary arteries down to the segmental and sub-segmental levels. Compared to lung transplantation, which carries a postoperative mortality of 15-20% and a 5-year survival of 50%, pulmonary endarterectomy is a curative treatment with a postoperative mortality of less than 3%. However, lung transplantation remains an option for young patients with inoperable distal disease or after pulmonary endarterectomy failure. Considering that medical history of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism is lacking in 25 to 50%, the diagnosis of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension remains challenging. The lung V/Q scan is useful for the diagnosis showing ventilation and perfusion mismatches. Lesions located at the level of the pulmonary artery, the lobar or segmental arteries may be accessible to surgical removal. The pulmonary angiogram with the lateral view and the pulmonary CT scan help to determine the level of the intravascular lesions. If there is a correlation between the vascular obstruction assessed by imaging and the pulmonary resistance, pulmonary endarterectomy carries a postoperative mortality of less than 3% and has a high rate of success. If the surgery is performed at a later stage of the disease, pulmonary arteriolitis developed mainly in unobstructed territories and participated in the elevated vascular resistance. At this stage, postoperative risk is higher. PMID:25154908

  14. Surgical treatment of obesity: a review.

    PubMed Central

    Fobi, M. A. L.

    2004-01-01

    Obesity is a chronic disease due to excess fat storage, a genetic predisposition, and strong environmental contributions. This problem is worldwide, and the incidence is increasing daily. There are medical, physical, social, economic, and psychological comorbid conditions associated with obesity. There is no cure for obesity except possibly prevention. Nonsurgical treatment has been inadequate in providing sustained weight loss. Currently, surgery offers the only viable treatment option with longterm weight loss and maintenance for the morbidly obese. Surgeries for weight loss are called bariatric surgeries. There is no one operation that is effective for all patients. Gastric bypass operations are the most common operations currently used. Because there are inherent complications from surgeries, bariatric surgeries should be performed in a multidisciplinary setting. The laparoscopic approach is being used by some surgeons in performing the various operations. The success rate--usually defined as >50% excess weight loss that is maintained for at least five years from bariatric surgery--ranges from 40% in the simple to >70% in the complex operations. The weight loss from surgical treatment results in significant improvements and, in some cases, complete resolution of comorbid conditions associated with obesity. Patients undergoing surgery for obesity need lifelong nutritional supplements and medical monitoring. Images Figure 4 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:14746355

  15. [History of surgical treatment of appendicitis].

    PubMed

    Meljnikov, Igor; Radojcić, Branka; Grebeldinger, Slobodan; Radojcić, Nikola

    2009-01-01

    Most of the history of appendicitis and appendectomy has been made during the past two centuries. Jacopo Berengario da Carpi gave the first description of this structure in 1522. Gabriele Fallopio, in 1561, appears to have been the first writer to compare the appendix to a worm. In1579 Caspar Bauhin proposed the ingenious theory that the appendix served in intrauterine life as a receptacle for the faexes. Many of anatomists added more or less insignificant ideas concerning the structure of the appendix and entered upon useless controversy concerning the name, function, position of the appendix vermiformis. The first successful appendectomy was performed in 1735 by Claudius Amyand. Geillaume Dupuytren considered that acute inflammation of the right side of the abdomen arose from disease of the caecum and not the appendix. As surgeons were wary of opening the abdomen for examination, early stages of appendicitis remained unknown. John Parkinson was able to give a good description of fatal appendicitis in 1812. Surgeons began draining localised abscesses which had already formed. In 1880 Robert Lawson Tait made the first diagnosis of appendicitis and surgically removed the appendix. In 1886 Reginald Heber Fitz published a study on appendicitis and named the procedure an appendectomy. In 1889, Tait split open and drained an inflamed appendix without removing it. Charles McBurney proposed his original muscle splitting operation in 1893 and this was modified by Robert Fulton Weir in 1900. Today we have a multiplicity of signs and symptoms, helping to diagnose appendicitis, and there are a lot of techniques for operation with little essential difference throughout. Kurt Semm performed the first laparoscopic appendectomy in 1981 which became a new gold standard in surgical treatment of acute and chronic appendicitis. PMID:20391748

  16. Surgical Treatment of Hepatic Hydrothorax: A "Four-Step Approach".

    PubMed

    Jung, Yochun

    2016-03-01

    Recently, various video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical techniques have been reported with occasional success in treating hepatic hydrothorax (HH). In 2 patients with refractory HH, we applied a combination of four therapeutic modalities as a single procedure named as a "four-step approach": (1) pneumoperitoneum for localization of diaphragmatic defects, (2) thoracoscopic pleurodesis, (3) postoperative continuous positive airway pressure, and (4) drainage of ascites for abdominal decompression. The treatment was successful in both patients, without recurrence during the follow-up period of 24 and 3 months, respectively. PMID:26897210

  17. [Diagnostics and surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis in Latvia].

    PubMed

    Tulin, A I; Ribenieks, R; Pogodina, E N; Stutska, R; Shavlovskis, Ia; Gardovskis, Ia

    2012-01-01

    The results of treatment of 44 patients (during the period 1996 - 2010) with liver echinococcosis (LE) were analysed. Echinococcosis hydatid (EH) cyst was found in 15 patients, alveolar echinococcosis (AE)--in 29 patients, 11.3% of cases were asymptomatical, different clinical symptoms were found in 36.4% of patients and 52.3% of patients were admited due to severe complications. Surgical treatment was performed in 41 patients. Among 15 patients with hydatid liver cyst 3--underwent liver resection, 8--pericystechinococcectomy, 4--guided percutaneous treatment--PAIR. No complications or recurrences were noted. Radical operations were performed in 12 patients with AE (41.3%), 11 of them had asymptomatical or noncomplicated disease. Recurrence appeared in one patient (8.3%). Nonradical or palliative operations due to AE complications were performed in 15 patients (51.7%). Complication at the postoperative periods occurred in 17% of patients with AE and lethality rate came to 3.4%. The diagnosis made at the early asymptomatic state and the following selection of combination of surgical approach and medicamental treatment (albendazol) can improve the results of treatment of patients with liver echinococcosis. PMID:22645914

  18. Surgical treatment of symptomatic acromioclavicular joint problems: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Rabalais, R David; McCarty, Eric

    2007-02-01

    Excision of the distal clavicle has become the mainstay of surgical treatment for acromioclavicular joint arthritis and osteolysis refractory to nonoperative management. Surgical options for symptomatic acromioclavicular joint abnormalities refractory to nonoperative treatment are the classic open distal clavicle excision, direct (superior) arthroscopic excision, and indirect (bursal) arthroscopic distal clavicle excision. We asked whether any of these three procedures provided a better result. We systematically reviewed the medical literature (Medline, EMBASE), assigned a level of evidence for available studies, and critically identified the flaws and biases in the studies to provide comparisons between the published reports. We limited the literature review to clinical reports in the English language published in peer-reviewed journals. The literature supports surgical excision, but the reports are all Level III or IV evidence consisting largely of retrospective case series. Arthroscopic distal clavicle resection has provided more "good or excellent" results than has the open procedure, but is comprised of low-level evidence. Distal clavicle resection has provided satisfactory results when combined with other procedures. Simple distal clavicle resection may have worse outcomes when performed after preceding trauma. The published reports of the removal of medial acromial and inferior distal clavicle osteophytes when performing subacromial decompression are conflicting and may increase post-operative acromioclavicular symptoms. PMID:17159577

  19. Surgical treatment: Myomectomy and hysterectomy; Endoscopy: A major advancement.

    PubMed

    Thubert, Thibault; Foulot, Hervé; Vinchant, Marie; Santulli, Pietro; Marzouk, Paul; Borghese, Bruno; Chapron, Charles

    2016-07-01

    Uterine fibroids affect 25% of women worldwide. Symptomatic women can be treated by either medical or surgical treatment. Development of endoscopic surgery has widely changed the management of myoma. Currently, although laparoscopic or laparoscopic robot-assisted myomectomies or hysterectomies are common, there has been no consensual guideline concerning the surgical techniques, operative route, and usefulness of preoperative treatment. Hysteroscopy management is a major advancement avoiding invasive surgery. This study deals with a literature review concerning surgical management of fibroids. PMID:27400649

  20. Diagnosis and surgical treatment of retroperitoneal tumours.

    PubMed

    Testini, M; Catalano, G; Macarini, L; Paccione, F

    1996-01-01

    The authors examine the various techniques for diagnosing Retroperitoneal Tumours (RPT) and analyse the results of the surgical treatment performed. Between March 1987 and February 1991, 20 patients with RPT (6 benign and 14 malignant forms) were observed in our Institution. CT and NMR revealed more diagnostic accuracy than other techniques (100%), while NMR had greater accuracy than CT in predictly resectability preoperatively (100% vs. 80.0%, respectively). A total of 26 laparotomies were performed: 20 for primary neoplasms and 6 for recurrent tumours. Exeresis of the mass was performed in 18/20 (90%) patients. Mean follow-up was 57.6 months (84-36). The benign forms had no recurrence. In malignant cases the disease recurred in 58.3% of the cases after an interval varying from 10 to 59 months. Overall mean survival of the 12 patients with malignant tumours subjected to resection was 58.3%. The 1- and 3-year survival rates were 91.7% and 58.3% respectively. Prognosis in malignant RPT is still very poor. PMID:8803715

  1. Two-phase surgical treatment of anteromedial knee injuries.

    PubMed

    Felli, Lamberto; Franzi, Paolo; Oliva, Fabio; Pizzella, Luca

    2008-05-01

    The treatment of severe anteromedial knee injuries over the years has undergone various types of approach, changing from proposals, such as combined surgical repair of the anterior cruciate ligament and medial compartment, to the more current protocol which involves conservative treatment of the peripheral injury and later reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. However, in serious ruptures of the medial ligament compartment, conservative treatment does not make it possible to recover peripheral stability, thus transferring abnormal forces onto the anterior cruciate pro-ligament graft which can gradually deteriorate the transplant itself. Thus in severe anteromedial injuries a treatment with two distinct surgical phases is proposed, using direct immediate suture of the peripheral compartment and, after a period of rehabilitation, later replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament by arthroscope graft. Given the obtained results and the few complications observed in 25 cases, it is probable that this therapeutic scheme can be proposed in selected cases of severe ligament laxity of the medial compartment associated with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament. PMID:18317869

  2. SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR KYPHOSCOLIOSIS IN COHEN SYNDROME

    PubMed Central

    IMAGAMA, SHIRO; TSUJI, TAICHI; OHARA, TETSUYA; KATAYAMA, YOSHITO; GOTO, MANABU; ISHIGURO, NAOKI; KAWAKAMI, NORIAKI

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Cohen syndrome is a very rare disease. Complication by spinal deformity has been reported, but management and surgery for spinal deformity in Cohen syndrome has not been previously described. The objective of this study was to examine the outcome of surgical treatment for kyphoscoliosis of Cohen syndrome with a literature review. The patient was a 14-year-old male with the characteristics of Cohen syndrome: truncal obesity, mental retardation, arachnodactyly, microcephalia, and a facial malformation. Scoliosis was conservatively treated with a brace at 13 years of age, but the spinal deformity rapidly progressed within a year. Plain radiographs before surgery showed scoliosis of 47° (T5-T11) and 79° (T11-L3), and kyphosis of 86° (T7-L1). One-stage anteroposterior corrective fusion of T4-L3 was scheduled after 2-week Halo traction. Postoperative respiratory management was carefully performed because of Cohen syndrome-associated facial malformation, obesity, and reduced muscle tonus. Respiration was managed with intubation until the following day and no respiratory problems occurred. After surgery, thoracolumbar scoliosis was 28° (correction rate: 65%). Kyphosis was markedly improved from 86° to 20°, achieving a favorable balance of the trunk. The outcome is favorable at 6.5 years after surgery. In conclusion, Cohen syndrome is often complicated by spinal deformity, particularly kyphosis, that is likely to progress even in adulthood. In our patient, spinal deformity progressed within a short period, even with brace treatment. Surgery should be required before progression to the severe spinal deformity with careful attention to general anesthesia. PMID:24640185

  3. Surgical treatment of multiple cystic echinococcosis

    PubMed Central

    Prousalidis, J; Kosmidis, CH; Fahantidis, E; Aletras, O

    2004-01-01

    Background Multiple hydatid disease is a complex surgical problem, and its treatment can follow either conservative principles (drainage or obliteration of the cavity) or radical principles (cystoperi-cystectomy or liver or lung resection). Methods A total of 220 patients with multiple cystic echinococcosis (428 cysts) were managed between 1967 and 1998 with conservative operations (group A) or radical operation (group B). There were 90 men and 130 women, with a mean age of 52 years (range 18–77 years). There were two cysts in 124 patients, three cysts in 40 patients, four in 15 and more than four in 41 patients. These multiple cysts were located at one anatomical site (n=140) or at more than one site (n=80). Multiple (2–3) hepatic cysts occurred in 142 patients, multiple (2–3) lung cysts in 15 and multiple peritoneal cysts in 13 patients. Hepatic cysts co-existed with lung cysts in another 32 patients, with peritoneal cysts in 14 patients and once each with splenic, splenic plus lung cysts and renal cysts, one retroperitoneal cyst coincided with small peritoneal cysts. Results The operative procedure employed was dependent on the type and site of the parasite and the condition of the host. Three of 208 patients operated conservatively (group A) died postoperatively as opposed to receiving radical treatment. Morbidity rates were 8.8% and 12.5% in group A and B and mean hospital stay was 15.8 and 15.1 days, respectively. In group A there was an 8.6% recurrence rate, and recurrent disease was finally managed in each group the overall result could be considered satisfactory. Discussion We conclude that conservative surgery can provide good results in multiple cystic echinococcosis. Radical surgery, with its time-consuming major procedures, is ideal but only in properly selected cases. PMID:18333060

  4. Surgical treatment for kyphoscoliosis in Cohen syndrome.

    PubMed

    Imagama, Shiro; Tsuji, Taichi; Ohara, Tetsuya; Katayama, Yoshito; Goto, Manabu; Ishiguro, Naoki; Kawakami, Noriaki

    2013-08-01

    Cohen syndrome is a very rare disease. Complication by spinal deformity has been reported, but management and surgery for spinal deformity in Cohen syndrome has not been previously described. The objective of this study was to examine the outcome of surgical treatment for kyphoscoliosis of Cohen syndrome with a literature review. The patient was a 14-year-old male with the characteristics of Cohen syndrome: truncal obesity, mental retardation, arachnodactyly, microcephalia, and a facial malformation. Scoliosis was conservatively treated with a brace at 13 years of age, but the spinal deformity rapidly progressed within a year. Plain radiographs before surgery showed scoliosis of 47 degrees (T5-T11) and 79 degrees (T11-L3), and kyphosis of 86 degrees (T7-L1). One-stage anteroposterior corrective fusion of T4-L3 was scheduled after 2-week Halo traction. Postoperative respiratory management was carefully performed because of Cohen syndrome-associated facial malformation, obesity, and reduced muscle tonus. Respiration was managed with intubation until the following day and no respiratory problems occurred. After surgery, thoracolumbar scoliosis was 28 degrees (correction rate: 65%). Kyphosis was markedly improved from 86 degrees to 20 degrees, achieving a favorable balance of the trunk. The outcome is favorable at 6.5 years after surgery. In conclusion, Cohen syndrome is often complicated by spinal deformity, particularly kyphosis, that is likely to progress even in adulthood. In our patient, spinal deformity progressed within a short period, even with brace treatment. Surgery should be required before progression to the severe spinal deformity with careful attention to general anesthesia. PMID:24640185

  5. Combined orthodontic-surgical management of a transmigrated mandibular canine.

    PubMed

    Cavuoti, Serena; Matarese, Giovanni; Isola, Gaetano; Abdolreza, Jamilian; Femiano, Felice; Perillo, Letizia

    2016-07-01

    The presence of an impacted mandibular canine is one of the most difficult challenges that an orthodontist will meet. Orthodontic treatment is planned on an individual basis after thoroughly considering the patient's overall facial and dentoskeletal characteristics; the duration, risks, and costs of treatment; patient preferences; and the orthodontist's experience. This article reports an orthodontic treatment of a boy, age 12.9 years, with an impacted mandibular canine in the permanent dentition that was successfully managed. Radiographic analysis indicated a transmigration of the mandibular right canine. The orthodontic treatment plan included extraction of the deciduous right canine followed by surgical exposure and ligation of the permanent canine. Eruption was properly guided, and the correct position of the tooth was achieved. This challenging treatment approach is described in detail, including the mechanics used to align the impacted canine. PMID:26502299

  6. Surgical Treatment of Aneurysmal Bone Cysts of the Spine

    PubMed Central

    Mesfin, Addisu; McCarthy, Edward F.; Kebaish, Khaled M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Our goal was to document the presentation, location, diagnostic modalities, preoperative embolization status, treatment, histology, complications, and recurrence rates for aneurysmal bone cysts of the mobile spine. Methods We reviewed our institution's database to identify patients diagnosed with aneurysmal bone cysts of the mobile spine (excluding the sacrum) from 1995 through 2006. Of those 17 patients, three were treated elsewhere and 14 underwent surgical treatment at our institution. Of those 14 patients, the nine (mean age at presentation, 17.2 years; range, 5‥32 years) with at least 2 years of follow-up (average, 49.6 months; range, 24‥88 months) formed our study group. For those nine patients, we tabulated the presentation, location, diagnostic modalities, preoperative embolization status, treatment, histology, complications, and recurrence rates. Results Pain was the presenting symptom in all nine patients. The lesion most commonly occurred in the cervical spine (five); two occurred in the lumbar spine, and two occurred in the thoracic spine. Patients underwent resection and combined anterior and posterior spinal arthrodesis (six) or resection and posterior spinal arthrodesis (three). There were four complications: one iliac crest donor site infection, one incidental durotomy, and two neurologic defcits. We noted two recurrences (both within 3 months). Conclusions Aneurysmal bone cysts of the spine can be successfully treated with surgical resection and instrumentation. PMID:23576920

  7. Surgical Treatment of Moderate Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation

    PubMed Central

    Smith, P.K.; Puskas, J.D.; Ascheim, D.D.; Voisine, P.; Gelijns, A.C.; Moskowitz, A.J.; Hung, J.W.; Parides, M.K.; Ailawadi, G.; Perrault, L.P.; Acker, M.A.; Argenziano, M.; Thourani, V.; Gammie, J.S.; Miller, M.A.; Pagé, P.; Overbey, J.R.; Bagiella, E.; Dagenais, F.; Blackstone, E.H.; Kron, I.L.; J., D.; Rose, E.A.; Moquete, E.G.; Jeffries, N.; Gardner, T.J.; O’Gara, P.T.; Alexander, J.H.; Michler, R.E.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Ischemic mitral regurgitation is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. For surgical patients with moderate regurgitation, the benefits of adding mitral-valve repair to coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) are uncertain. METHODS We randomly assigned 301 patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation to CABG alone or CABG plus mitral-valve repair (combined procedure). The primary end point was the left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI), a measure of left ventricular remodeling, at 1 year. This end point was assessed with the use of a Wilcoxon rank-sum test in which deaths were categorized as the lowest LVESVI rank. RESULTS At 1 year, the mean LVESVI among surviving patients was 46.1±22.4 ml per square meter of body-surface area in the CABG-alone group and 49.6±31.5 ml per square meter in the combined-procedure group (mean change from baseline, −9.4 and −9.3 ml per square meter, respectively). The rate of death was 6.7% in the combined-procedure group and 7.3% in the CABG-alone group (hazard ratio with mitral-valve repair, 0.90; 95% confidence interval, 0.38 to 2.12; P = 0.81). The rank-based assessment of LVESVI at 1 year (incorporating deaths) showed no significant between-group difference (z score, 0.50; P = 0.61). The addition of mitral-valve repair was associated with a longer bypass time (P<0.001), a longer hospital stay after surgery (P = 0.002), and more neurologic events (P = 0.03). Moderate or severe mitral regurgitation was less common in the combined-procedure group than in the CABG-alone group (11.2% vs. 31.0%, P<0.001). There were no significant between-group differences in major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events, deaths, readmissions, functional status, or quality of life at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS In patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation, the addition of mitral-valve repair to CABG did not result in a higher degree of left ventricular reverse remodeling. Mitral-valve repair was

  8. Breast cancer treatment in mutation carriers: surgical treatment.

    PubMed

    Biglia, Nicoletta; D'Alonzo, Marta; Sgro, Luca G; Tomasi Cont, Nicoletta; Bounous, Valentina; Robba, Elisabetta

    2016-10-01

    The surgical option which should be reserved for patients with BRCA1/2 mutation and breast cancer diagnosis is still debated. Several aspects should be considered before the surgical decision-making: the risk of ipsilateral breast recurrence (IBR), the risk of contralateral breast cancer (CBC), the potential survival benefit of prophylactic mastectomy, and the possible risk factors that could either increase or decrease the risk for IBR or CBC. Breast conservative treatment (BCT) does not increase the risk for IBR in BRCA mutation carriers compared to non-carriers in short term follow-up; however, an increased risk for IBR in carriers was observed in studies with long follow-up. In spite of the increased risk for IBR in patients who underwent BCT than patients with mastectomy, no significant difference in breast-cancer specific or overall survival was observed by local treatment type at 15 years. Patients with BRCA mutation had a higher risk for CBC compared with non-carriers and BRCA1-mutation carriers had an increased risk for CBC compared to BRCA2-mutation carriers. Bilateral mastectomy is intended to prevent CBC in BRCA mutation carriers, however, no difference in survival was found if a contralateral prophylactic mastectomy was performed or not. For higher-risk groups of BRCA mutated patients, a more-aggressive surgical approach may be preferable, but there are some aspects that should be considered in the surgical decision-making process. The use of adjuvant chemotherapy and performing oophorectomy are associated with a decreased risk for IBR. When considering the risk for CBC, three risk factors were associated with significantly decreased risk: the use of adjuvant tamoxifen, performing oophorectomy and older age at first breast cancer diagnosis. As a result, we could identify a group of patients that might benefit from a more aggressive surgical approach (unilateral mastectomy or unilateral therapeutic mastectomy with concomitant contralateral prophylactic

  9. Combined Orbital Fractures: Surgical Strategy of Sequential Repair

    PubMed Central

    Hur, Su Won; Kim, Sung Eun; Chung, Kyu Jin; Lee, Jun Ho; Kim, Tae Gon

    2015-01-01

    Background Reconstruction of combined orbital floor and medial wall fractures with a comminuted inferomedial strut (IMS) is challenging and requires careful practice. We present our surgical strategy and postoperative outcomes. Methods We divided 74 patients who underwent the reconstruction of the orbital floor and medial wall concomitantly into a comminuted IMS group (41 patients) and non-comminuted IMS group (33 patients). In the comminuted IMS group, we first reconstructed the floor stably and then the medial wall by using separate implant pieces. In the non-comminuted IMS group, we reconstructed the floor and the medial wall with a single large implant. Results In the follow-up of 6 to 65 months, most patients with diplopia improved in the first-week except one, who eventually improved at 1 year. All patients with an EOM limitation improved during the first month of follow-up. Enophthalmos (displacement, 2 mm) was observed in two patients. The orbit volume measured on the CT scans was statistically significantly restored in both groups. No complications related to the surgery were observed. Conclusions We recommend the reconstruction of orbit walls in the comminuted IMS group by using the following surgical strategy: usage of multiple pieces of rigid implants instead of one large implant, sequential repair first of the floor and then of the medial wall, and a focus on the reconstruction of key areas. Our strategy of step-by-step reconstruction has the benefits of easy repair, less surgical trauma, and minimal stress to the surgeon. PMID:26217562

  10. Surgical Treatment of the Twisted Nose.

    PubMed

    Menger, Dirk Jan

    2016-01-01

    The twisted nose is a challenging procedure in rhinoplasty. The goal of surgery is to realign the nasal skeleton to create symmetry in the face and restore nasal patency. Key in the surgical procedure is that all structures of the nasal skeleton be dissected free, mobilized, repositioned, and stabilized. Important surgical steps are intermediate osteotomies on the contralateral side of the deviation for the upper nasal third; for the mid nasal third, a unilateral spreader graft or splint on the nondeviated side, and for the lower nasal third, fixation of the caudal septum to the anterior nasal spine. PMID:26616698

  11. Surgical treatment of infections and lesions of the perionychium.

    PubMed

    Keyser, J J; Littler, J W; Eaton, R G

    1990-02-01

    This article will discuss acute and chronic bacterial, viral, and fungal infections involving the perionychium. Special emphasis will be placed on the surgical treatment of these entities including the surgical approach to subungual tumors and the technique of total onychectomy. PMID:2179234

  12. Principles of surgical treatment of Zenker diverticulum

    PubMed Central

    Constantin, A; Mates, IN; Predescu, D; Hoara, P; Achim, FI; Constantinoiu, S

    2012-01-01

    Background: Pharyngo-esophageal diverticula are most frequently described in elderly patients, having symptoms such as dysphagia, regurgitation, chronic cough, aspiration and weight loss. The etiology remains controversial, although most of the theories are linked to structural or functional abnormalities of the crico-pharyngeal muscle. With the therapeutic attitude varying from conservative to surgical (with associated morbidity and mortality), the importance of knowing the etiopathology and clinical implications of the disease for establishing the management of the case is mandatory. The aim of the study is the reevaluation of the methods and therapeutic principles in pharyngo-esophageal diverticular disease, starting from the etio pathogeny. Materials and Methods: Our study group is made up of 11 patients with surgical indication for Zenker diverticulum, operated between 2001 and 2011. Results: During that period, more patients were diagnosed with this pathology, but the surgical indication was carefully established, in conformity with the actual practice guides, which involve the evaluation of the clinical manifestations determined by the diverticulum, as well as the identification and interception of the pathological mechanisms by the therapeutic gesture. Conclusion: Although it has a “benign” pathology, the esophageal diverticulum requires complex surgical procedure that implies significant morbidity. Abbreviations UES= upper esophageal sphincter; NPO= nothing by mouth PMID:22574094

  13. [Surgical treatment with an artificial iris].

    PubMed

    Mayer, C S; Hoffmann, A E

    2015-10-01

    Iris defects with their disturbed pupillary function, visual impairment and glare constitute a therapeutic challenge in surgical reconstruction. A new therapeutic option for distinctive defects consists in the implantation of a custom-made silicone iris. This new and challenging therapy provides the opportunity to achieve an individual, aesthetically appealing and good functional result for the patient. PMID:26293195

  14. Surgical hip dislocation for treatment of cam femoroacetabular impingement

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhary, Milind M; Chaudhary, Ishani M; Vikas, KN; KoKo, Aung; Zaw, Than; Siddhartha, A

    2015-01-01

    Background: Cam femoroacetabular impingement is caused by a misshapen femoral head with a reduced head neck offset, commonly in the anterolateral quadrant. Friction in flexion, adduction and internal rotation causes limitation of the hip movements and pain progressively leading to labral and chondral damage and osteoarthritis. Surgical hip dislocation described by Ganz permits full exposure of the hip without damaging its blood supply. An osteochondroplasty removes the bump at the femoral head neck junction to recreate the offset for impingement free movement. Materials and Methods: Sixteen patients underwent surgery with surgical hip dislocation for the treatment of cam femoroacetabular impingement by open osteochondroplasty over last 6 years. Eight patients suffered from sequelae of avascular necrosis (AVN). Three had a painful dysplastic hip. Two had sequelae of Perthes disease. Three had combined cam and pincer impingement caused by retroversion of acetabulum. All patients were operated by the trochanteric flip osteotomy with attachments of gluteus medius and vastus lateralis, dissection was between the piriformis and gluteus minimus preserving the external rotators. Z-shaped capsular incision and dislocation of the hip was done in external rotation. Three cases also had subtrochanteric osteotomy. Two cases of AVN also had an intraarticular femoral head reshaping osteotomy. Results: Goals of treatment were achieved in all patients. No AVN was detected after a 6 month followup. There were no trochanteric nonunions. Hip range of motion improved in all and Harris hip score improved significantly in 15 of 16 cases. Mean alpha angle reduced from 86.13° (range 66°–108°) to 46.35° (range 39°–58°). Conclusion: Cam femoroacetabular Impingement causing pain and limitation of hip movements was treated by open osteochondroplasty after surgical hip dislocation. This reduced pain, improved hip motion and gave good to excellent results in the short term. PMID

  15. Surgical treatment of aggressive vertebral hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Vasudeva, Viren S; Chi, John H; Groff, Michael W

    2016-08-01

    OBJECTIVE Vertebral hemangiomas are common tumors that are benign and generally asymptomatic. Occasionally these lesions can exhibit aggressive features such as bony expansion and erosion into the epidural space resulting in neurological symptoms. Surgery is often recommended in these cases, especially if symptoms are severe or rapidly progressive. Some surgeons perform decompression alone, others perform gross-total resection, while others perform en bloc resection. Radiation, embolization, vertebroplasty, and ethanol injection have also been used in combination with surgery. Despite the variety of available treatment options, the optimal management strategy is unclear because aggressive vertebral hemangiomas are uncommon lesions, making it difficult to perform large trials. For this reason, the authors chose instead to report their institutional experience along with a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS A departmental database was searched for patients with a pathological diagnosis of "hemangioma" between 2008 and 2015. Medical records were reviewed to identify patients with aggressive vertebral hemangiomas, and these cases were reviewed in detail. RESULTS Five patients were identified who underwent surgery for treatment of aggressive vertebral hemangiomas during the specified time period. There were 2 lumbar and 3 thoracic lesions. One patient underwent en bloc spondylectomy, 2 patients had piecemeal gross-total resection, and the remaining 2 had subtotal tumor resection. Intraoperative vertebroplasty was used in 3 cases to augment the anterior column or to obliterate residual tumor. Adjuvant radiation was used in 1 case where there was residual tumor as well. The patient who underwent en bloc spondylectomy experienced several postoperative complications requiring additional medical care and reoperation. At an average follow-up of 31 months (range 3-65 months), no patient had any recurrence of disease and all were clinically asymptomatic, except the

  16. Surgical versus non-surgical treatment of mandibular condylar fractures: a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Chrcanovic, B R

    2015-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to test whether there is a significant difference in the clinical outcomes between surgical and non-surgical treatment of mandibular condylar fractures. An electronic search was undertaken in February 2014. Eligibility criteria included clinical human studies, either randomized or not. The search strategy resulted in 36 publications. The estimates of an intervention were expressed as the risk ratio (RR) and mean difference (MD) in millimetres. A statistically significant effect was observed for the outcome of post-treatment malocclusion (RR 0.46, P<0.00001), lateral deviation during maximum inter-incisal opening (RR 0.56, P=0.0001, dichotomous; MD -0.75, P=0.002, continuous), protrusion (MD 0.68, P=0.01), and laterotrusion (MD 0.53, P=0.03) favouring surgical treatment, and for infection (RR 3.43, P=0.03) favouring non-surgical treatment. There was no statistically significant effect on temporomandibular joint pain (RR 0.81, P=0.46) or noise (RR 1.44, P=0.24), or maximum inter-incisal opening (MD 2.24, P=0.14). The test for overall effect showed that the difference between the procedures significantly affected the incidence of post-treatment complications, favouring surgical treatment, when all dichotomous and continuous outcomes were analysed (RR 0.70, P=0.006 and MD 1.17, P=0.0006, respectively). PMID:25457827

  17. Anterior vaginal wall repair (surgical treatment of urinary incontinence) - slideshow

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100110.htm Anterior vaginal wall repair (surgical treatment of urinary incontinence) - series ... 4 out of 4 Normal anatomy Overview The vaginal opening lies just below the urethral opening, and ...

  18. [BENIGN TUMORS OF MEDIASTINUM: CLINIC, DIAGNOSIS, SURGICAL TREATMENT].

    PubMed

    Kalabukha, I A; Mayetniy, E M

    2015-12-01

    Results of surgical treatment of 18 patients in a thoracic surgery clinic for benign tumors of mediastinum are presented. The symptoms of benign tumors, efficacy of application of welding technologies in operative intervention were analyzed. PMID:27025028

  19. Advances in the surgical treatment of breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Xing, Lei; He, Qiang; Wang, Yuan-Yuan; Li, Hong-Yuan; Ren, Guo-Sheng

    2016-06-01

    Breast cancer has become the top malignant neoplasm in Chinese women with an increasing risk of morbidity and mortality. As a crucial part of comprehensive treatment of breast cancer, breast surgical technique is ceaselessly ameliorating and enriching its features. With the purpose of achieving minimal surgical intervention and satisfactory cosmetic results, the trend of mammary surgery is focusing on minimally invasive treatment and aesthetics in the 21st century. This article gives an overview of the most representative surgical procedures, such as breast conservative surgery, sentinel lymph node dissection, oncoplastic technique and breast reconstructive surgery. PMID:27265302

  20. Predicting anatomical results of surgical treatment of idiopathic macular hole

    PubMed Central

    Shpak, Alexander A.; Shkvorchenko, Dmitry O.; Sharafetdinov, Ilias Kh.; Yukhanova, Olga A.

    2016-01-01

    AIM To determine the parameters most informative in predicting the anatomical results of surgical treatment of idiopathic full-thickness macular hole (IMH). METHODS One hundred and sixty-two consecutive patients (170 eyes) after primary operation for IMH were enrolled. Outcomes were classified as anatomical success when both IMH closure and restoration of the outer retinal structure were achieved. “Prospective” group included 108 patients (115 eyes) followed with optical coherence tomography (OCT) and microperimetry for 1y after surgery. Potential prognostic criteria, except microperimetry data, were tested in “retrospective” group (54 patients, 55 eyes). Prognostic value of each parameter was determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Combined predictive power of the best prognostic parameters was tested with the use of linear discriminant analysis. RESULTS IMH closure was achieved in 106 eyes (92%) in the prospective group and 49 eyes (89%) in the retrospective group. Despite anatomical closure, the outer retinal structure was not restored in two eyes in the first group and in one eye in the second group. Preoperative central subfield retinal thickness demonstrated the best discriminatory capability between eyes with anatomical success and failure: area under the ROC-curve (AUC) 0.938 (95% CI: 0.881-0.995), sensitivity 64% at fixed specificity 95% (cut-off value 300 µm) in the prospective group; sensitivity 57% and specificity 90% in the retrospective group. Other continuous parameters except tractional hole index (AUC: 0.796, 95% CI: 0.591-1.000) had significantly lower AUCs (P<0.05). The best combination of the parameters, established by discriminant analysis in the prospective group, could not confirm its predictive value in the retrospective group. CONCLUSION Preoperative central subfield retinal thickness is a strong and probably the best predictor of anatomical results of IMH surgical treatment. PMID:26949645

  1. AN ORTHODONTIC-SURGICAL APPROACH TO CLASS II SUBDIVISION MALOCCLUSION TREATMENT

    PubMed Central

    Janson, Marcos; Janson, Guilherme; Sant′ana, Eduardo; Simão, Tassiana Mesquita; de Freitas, Marcos Roberto

    2009-01-01

    Despite the different orthodontic approaches to Class II subdivision malocclusions one has also to consider the skeletal components before undertaking any treatment protocol. Significant involvement of the skeletal structures may require a combined surgical orthodontic treatment, which has remained stable for more than four years, as illustrated in this case report. PMID:19466264

  2. An orthodontic-surgical approach to Class II subdivision malocclusion treatment.

    PubMed

    Janson, Marcos; Janson, Guilherme; Sant'Ana, Eduardo; Simão, Tassiana Mesquita; de Freitas, Marcos Roberto

    2009-01-01

    Despite the different orthodontic approaches to Class II subdivision malocclusions one has also to consider the skeletal components before undertaking any treatment protocol. Significant involvement of the skeletal structures may require a combined surgical orthodontic treatment, which has remained stable for more than four years, as illustrated in this case report. PMID:19466264

  3. Recent advances in the surgical treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Morise, Zenichi; Kawabe, Norihiko; Tomishige, Hirokazu; Nagata, Hidetoshi; Kawase, Jin; Arakawa, Satoshi; Yoshida, Rie; Isetani, Masashi

    2014-10-21

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy. The treatment of HCC is complex and complicated by the severity of associated chronic liver disease, the stage of HCC, and the clinical condition of the patient. Liver resection (LR) is one of the most efficient treatments for patients with HCC, with an expected 5-year survival of 38%-61% depending on the stage of the disease. Improved liver function assessment, increased understanding of segmental liver anatomy from advanced imaging studies, and surgical technical progress are important factors that have led to reduced mortality in patients with HCC. The indication for LR may be expanded due to emerging evidences from laparoscopic hepatectomies and combined treatments with newly developed chemotherapies. Liver transplantation (LT) is considered as an ideal treatment for removal of existing tumors and the injured/preneoplastic underlying liver tissue with impaired liver function and the risk of multicentric carcinogenesis that results from chronically injured liver. However, LT is restricted to patients with minimal risk of tumor recurrence under immunosuppression. The expansion of criteria for LT in HCC patients is still under trial and discussion. Limited availability of grafts, as well as the risk and the cost of transplantation have led to considerable interest in expansion of the donor pool, living donor-related transplantation, and combined treatment involving LR and LT. This highlight presents evidence concerning recent studies evaluating LR and LT in HCC patients. In addition, alternative therapies for the treatment of early stage tumors and the management of patients on transplant waiting lists are discussed. PMID:25339825

  4. Recent advances in the surgical treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Morise, Zenichi; Kawabe, Norihiko; Tomishige, Hirokazu; Nagata, Hidetoshi; Kawase, Jin; Arakawa, Satoshi; Yoshida, Rie; Isetani, Masashi

    2014-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy. The treatment of HCC is complex and complicated by the severity of associated chronic liver disease, the stage of HCC, and the clinical condition of the patient. Liver resection (LR) is one of the most efficient treatments for patients with HCC, with an expected 5-year survival of 38%-61% depending on the stage of the disease. Improved liver function assessment, increased understanding of segmental liver anatomy from advanced imaging studies, and surgical technical progress are important factors that have led to reduced mortality in patients with HCC. The indication for LR may be expanded due to emerging evidences from laparoscopic hepatectomies and combined treatments with newly developed chemotherapies. Liver transplantation (LT) is considered as an ideal treatment for removal of existing tumors and the injured/preneoplastic underlying liver tissue with impaired liver function and the risk of multicentric carcinogenesis that results from chronically injured liver. However, LT is restricted to patients with minimal risk of tumor recurrence under immunosuppression. The expansion of criteria for LT in HCC patients is still under trial and discussion. Limited availability of grafts, as well as the risk and the cost of transplantation have led to considerable interest in expansion of the donor pool, living donor-related transplantation, and combined treatment involving LR and LT. This highlight presents evidence concerning recent studies evaluating LR and LT in HCC patients. In addition, alternative therapies for the treatment of early stage tumors and the management of patients on transplant waiting lists are discussed. PMID:25339825

  5. Surgical Treatment of Gastric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Kong, Seong-Ho

    2013-01-01

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most common mesenchymal tumor in the gastrointestinal tract and is most frequently developed in the stomach in the form of submucosal tumor. The incidence of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor is estimated to be as high as 25% of the population when all small and asymptomatic tumors are included. Because gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor is not completely distinguished from other submucosal tumors, a surgical excisional biopsy is recommended for tumors >2 cm. The surgical principles of gastrointestinal stromal tumor are composed of an R0 resection with a normal mucosa margin, no systemic lymph node dissection, and avoidance of perforation, which results in peritoneal seeding even in cases with otherwise low risk profiles. Laparoscopic surgery has been indicated for gastrointestinal stromal tumors <5 cm, and the indication for laparoscopic surgery is expanded to larger tumors if the above mentioned surgical principles can be maintained. A simple exogastric resection and various transgastric resection techniques are used for gastrointestinal stromal tumors in favorable locations (the fundus, body, greater curvature side). For a lesion at the gastroesophageal junction in the posterior wall of the stomach, enucleation techniques have been tried preserve the organ's function. Those methods have a theoretical risk of seeding a ruptured tumor, but this risk has not been evaluated by well-designed clinical trials. While some clinical trials are still on-going, neoadjuvant imatinib is suggested when marginally unresectable or multiorgan resection is anticipated to reduce the extent of surgery and the chance of incomplete resection, rupture or bleeding. PMID:23610714

  6. Barriers and Facilitators Associated with Non-Surgical Treatment Use for Osteoarthritis Patients in Orthopaedic Practice

    PubMed Central

    Hofstede, Stefanie N.; Marang-van de Mheen, Perla J.; Vliet Vlieland, Thea P. M.; van den Ende, Cornelia H. M.; Nelissen, Rob G. H. H.; van Bodegom-Vos, Leti

    2016-01-01

    Introduction International evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) recommend to start with (a combination of) non-surgical treatments, and using surgical intervention only if a patient does not respond sufficiently to non-surgical treatment options. Despite these recommendations, there are strong indications that non-surgical treatments are not optimally used in orthopaedic practice. To improve the adoption of non-surgical treatments, more insight is needed into barriers and facilitators of these treatments. Therefore, this study assessed which barriers and facilitators are associated with the use and prescription of different non-surgical treatments before hip and knee OA in orthopaedic practice among patients and orthopaedic surgeons in the Netherlands. Materials and Methods We performed two internet-based surveys among 172 orthopaedic surgeons and 174 OA patients. Univariate association and multivariable regression techniques are used to identify barriers and facilitators associated with the use of non-surgical treatments. Results Most barriers and facilitators among patients were associated with the use of physical therapy, lifestyle advice and dietary therapy. Among orthopaedic surgeons, most were associated with prescription of acetaminophen, dietary therapy and physical therapy. Examples of barriers and facilitators among patients included “People in my environment had positive experiences with a surgery” (facilitator for education about OA), and “Advice of people in my environment to keep on moving” (facilitator for lifestyle and dietary advice). For orthopaedic surgeons, examples were “Lack of knowledge about guideline” (barrier for lifestyle advice), “Agreements/ deliberations with primary care” and “Easy communication with a dietician” (facilitators for dietary therapy). Also the belief in the efficacy of these treatments was associated with increased prescription. Conclusions

  7. Surgical treatment of the Charcot foot.

    PubMed

    Pinzur, Michael S

    2016-01-01

    With the increased number of diabetics worldwide and the increased incidence of morbid obesity in more prosperous cultures, there has become an increased awareness of Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle. Outcome studies would suggest that patients with deformity associated with Charcot Foot arthropathy have impaired health related quality of life. This awareness has led reconstructive-minded foot and ankle surgeons to develop surgical strategies to treat these acquired deformities. This article outlines the current clinical approach to this disabling medical condition. PMID:26813619

  8. Surgical treatment of air way disease

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Airway lesions are treated by resecting and subsequent reconstructive surgery. Tracheoplasty and bronchoplasty are applied to inflammatory stenosis, damage due to trauma, and primary tumors of the airways. The indications for lobar (bronchial) sleeve resection are commonly applied to lung cancers that develop at the proximal portion of the lobar bronchus. Recently, extended sleeve lobectomy (ESL) is widely indicated among the routine techniques used to avoid pneumonectomy because of its reliability and effectiveness. In some cases the cancer is limited to the segmental bronchi, segmental sleeve resection is sometimes performed. In the field of respiratory surgery, carinal resection-reconstruction is one of the most rare procedures and challenging issues, involving difficult surgical techniques, anesthetic techniques, and postoperative management. Tracheal surgery was generalized so that it could be applied to any type of tracheal disease that required resection, including tumors. PMID:26904257

  9. Surgical treatment of ankle instability in athletes.

    PubMed Central

    Kristiansen, B.

    1982-01-01

    Eighteen athletes with symptoms of recurrent sprain and instability of the ankle during activity were treated by reconstructing the lateral ligament by the Evans technique. Before the operation 55 per cent had given up all athletic activities because of pain, swelling or instability, and 17 per cent had restricted their activities. The average age at operation was 24.6 years and the average follow-up period 3.1 years. Normal stability was achieved in 67 per cent and improved stability in 11 per cent, but only 33 per cent were still engaged in athletic activities without any complaints from the ankle. The results are similar to other methods of surgical repair. Images p40-a Fig. 2a Fig. 2b Fig. 3a Fig. 3b PMID:6802212

  10. Surgical Treatment of Tracheobronchomalacia: A novel approach.

    PubMed

    Bairdain, Sigrid; Zurakowski, David; Baird, Christopher W; Jennings, Russell W

    2016-06-01

    Tracheobronchomalacia, as a whole, is likely misdiagnosed and underestimated as a cause of respiratory compromise in pediatric patients. Currently, there is no standardized approach for the overall evaluation of pediatric tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) and the concept of excessive dynamic airway collapse (EDAC); no grading score for the evaluation of severity; nor a standardized means to successfully approach TBM and EDAC. This paper describes our experience standardizing the approach to these complex patients whose backgrounds include different disease etiologies, as well as a variety of comorbid conditions. Preoperative and postoperative evaluation of patients with severe TBM and EDAC, as well as concurrent development of a prospective grading scale, has allowed us to ascertain correlation between surgery, symptoms, and effectiveness on particular tracheal-bronchial segments. Long-term, continued collection of patient characteristics, surgical technique, complications, and outcomes must be collected given the overall heterogeneity of this particular population. PMID:27237407

  11. [Research about surgical treatment in primary congenital glaucoma].

    PubMed

    Catrinu, Lilia; Vancea, Petre P

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was the research of different types of surgical treatments applied to the early primary congenital glaucoma, and the identification of the best and most efficient therapies for each individual. It is a retrospective research on a number of 74 eyes with early primary congenital glaucoma, who were diagnosed and had an operation during the first four years from birth, since 1990 to March 2004, in 6 hospital centres from Romania. There were 101 surgical operation, the most frequent surgical methods used were trabeculotomy and trabeculectomy, which produce similar effects. PMID:16245746

  12. Surgical treatment of posterior nutcracker syndrome presented with hyperaldosteronism.

    PubMed

    Deser, Serkan Burc; Onem, Kadir; Demirag, Mustafa Kemal; Buyukalpelli, Recep

    2016-05-01

    Posterior nutcracker syndrome is caused by the compression of left renal vein between the abdominal aorta and the vertebral body. Most seen symptoms are haematuria, left flank pain, abdominal pain and varicocele. The nutcracker syndrome may lead to left renal vein thrombosis due to blood congestion within compression of the vessel. Both endovascular and open surgical interventions can relieve symptoms; however, traditional surgical repair is still considered as the gold standard. Here, we present the surgical treatment of a 36-year old female with complaints of hypertension, hyperaldosteronism and diagnosed with posterior nutcracker syndrome. PMID:26892192

  13. Surgical treatment for apparent early stage endometrial cancer

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Most experts would agree that the standard surgical treatment for endometrial cancer includes a hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy; however, the benefit of full surgical staging with lymph node dissection in patients with apparent early stage disease remains a topic of debate. Recent prospective data and advances in laparoscopic techniques have transformed this disease into one that can be successfully managed with minimally invasive surgery. This review will discuss the current surgical management of apparent early stage endometrial cancer and some of the new techniques that are being incorporated. PMID:24596812

  14. Open and Arthroscopic Surgical Treatment of Femoroacetabular Impingement

    PubMed Central

    Kuhns, Benjamin D.; Frank, Rachel M.; Pulido, Luis

    2015-01-01

    Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a common cause of hip pain, and when indicated, can be successfully managed through open surgery or hip arthroscopy. The goal of this review is to describe the different approaches to the surgical treatment of FAI. We present the indications, surgical technique, rehabilitation, and complications associated with (1) open hip dislocation, (2) reverse periacetabular osteotomy, (3) the direct anterior “mini-open” approach, and (4) arthroscopic surgery for FAI. PMID:26697431

  15. Surgical Treatment of Early-Stage Cervical Cancer.

    PubMed

    Brucker, Sara Y; Ulrich, Uwe A

    2016-01-01

    Surgical treatment of cervical cancer has been a cornerstone in the management of this malignancy for more than 100 years. Today, for early-stage and low-risk cervical cancer, surgery is still considered the gold standard. If the preoperative assessment of the tumor reveals a situation prompting postoperative adjuvant radiochemotherapy, the latter should be planned as the primary treatment option, being preceded by staging laparoscopy including pelvic and paraaortic lymph node dissection. As an alternative to the open approach, the definitive surgical treatment should be either performed laparoscopically, or be laparoscopic-assisted, or laparoscopically robotic-assisted. PMID:27614875

  16. [Surgical treatment of complicated hepatic echinococcosis in two Bulgarian citizens at two surgical departments in the Czech Republic].

    PubMed

    Vávra, P; Třeška, V; Ostruszka, P; Sutnar, A; Fichtl, J; Hozáková, L; Mitták, M; Horáček, J

    2012-07-01

    Echinococcosis, also referred to as hydatidosis, is a parasitic infection caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus in its larval stage. It has worldwide distribution and endemic areas in Europe include especially the regions surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. In the Czech Republic, its incidence tends to be quite rare. Although it may affect any organ or tissue in the human body, the liver (60%) and lungs (20%) are the most frequently affected sites. The authors present two cases of Bulgarian patients with hepatic echinococcosis operated on the same day at two different surgical departments in the Czech Republic. Treatment is based on the surgical removal of the cysts in combination with anti-parasite treatment by benzimidazoles (Albendazol, Mebendazol). Treatment with anti-parasitic drugs needs to be started preoperatively and should continue for at least 1-2 months after surgery. The success of the treatment can be monitored by imaging methods, especially PET/CT and serology. Patients after surgical as well as conservative therapy need to be followed up on an outpatient basis due to the long-term risk of recurrence. PMID:23078257

  17. [Surgical treatment of double outlet left ventricle].

    PubMed

    Planché, C; Pernot, C; Batisse, A; Kachaner, J; Langlois, J; Bruniaux, J; Binet, J P

    1979-05-01

    Three young patients with double outlet left ventricle were operated on at the Centre chirurgica Marie-Lannelongue. There was one secondary death. The follow up period of the two survivors is 24 months and 8 months respectively. The diagnosis of this rare congenital abnormality is difficult because of the multiplicity of the anatomical changes and the diversity of the final clinical entity. This is reflected in the attempts at classification. These difficulties are increased by the high incidence of incomplete forms of the condition which gives rise, especially in vivo, to problems of terminology. Echocardiography provides valuable information in the diagnosis of these forms by showing the abnormal relationship between the interventricular septum and the origin of the great vessels. A complete work up is essential before any decision can be made on management. Particular importance is placed on the topographical and morphological features of the atria and ventricles, the connections of the aorta and pulmonary arteries, and the state of the pulmonary tract. Modern surgical techniques have made correction possible in most forms of the disease, but involves complex procedures which leaves doubts on their long term outcome. PMID:115403

  18. Takayasu's arteritis: diagnostic considerations and surgical treatment.

    PubMed

    Hwang, T L; Alpert, J N; Cooley, D A; Hall, R J

    1983-09-01

    A 20-year-old white woman with Takayasu's arteritis had headaches, neck soreness, and a right carotid bruit. Corticosteroid treatment only temporarily relieved symptoms and caused Cushing's syndrome because of high dosage requirements. Progressive narrowing of the right common carotid artery occurred despite treatment. The diseased portion of the artery was successfully resected and replaced by a Dacron graft. Corticosteroid treatment was then tapered and discontinued, and the patient has remained well for 3 years. Carotid Doppler and real-time ultrasound studies performed more than 2 years after surgery showed a patent graft and no new disease process. This technique may be of value in selected cases for both prevention of cerebral ischemia and the elimination of local symptoms of the inflammatory process. PMID:15227106

  19. The Surgical Treatment of Pelvic Bone Metastases

    PubMed Central

    Müller, Daniel A.; Capanna, Rodolfo

    2015-01-01

    Pelvic bone metastases are a growing concern in the field of orthopedic surgery. Patients with pelvic metastasis are individually different with different needs of treatment in order to attain the best possible quality of life despite the advanced stage of disease. A holistic collaboration among the oncologist, radiation therapist, and orthopedic surgeon is mandatory. Special attention has to be directed to osteolytic lesions in the periacetabular region as they can provoke pathological fractures and subsequent functional impairment. Different reconstruction techniques for the pelvis are available; the choice depends on the patient's prognosis, size of the bone defect, and response of the tumor to adjuvant treatment. If all the conservative treatments are exhausted and the patient is not eligible for surgery, one of the various percutaneous ablation procedures can be considered. We propose a pelvic analogue to the treatment algorithm in long bone metastasis and a scoring system in pelvic metastasis. This algorithm aims to simplify the teamwork and to avoid under- or overtreatment of pelvic bone metastases. PMID:25810925

  20. [Distal radius fractures: conservative or surgical treatment?].

    PubMed

    Mark, G; Ryf, C

    1993-07-01

    The "classical" Colles fracture of the distal radius is the most common fracture in the adult. In order to reduce the still rather high rate of permanent disability, this fracture involving a functionally important joint requires accurate reduction. The AO-fracture classification introduced by Müller not only defines the severity of an injury, but also allows for decision-making as to the most adequate treatment. Besides the purely conservative management by closed reduction and plaster cast for the type-A fractures, we have a number of other treatment modalities for the more complex-B and C-type fractures, such as closed reduction and percutaneous K-wire application or the use of the small external fixator as well as open reduction and internal fixation by plates and screws for a few selected indications. PMID:8211844

  1. Early versus Late Surgical Treatment for Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Al-Hashel, Jasem Yousef; El Shorbgy, Ashraf Ali M. A.; Elshereef, Rawhia R.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. To compare the outcome of early surgical intervention versus late surgical treatment in cases of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). Design. Prospective study. Settings. Secondary care (Al-Minia University Hospital, Egypt) from 2007 to 2010. Participants. Thirty-five patients of NTOS (25 women and 10 men, aged 20–52 years), were classified into 2 groups. First group (20 patients) was operated within 3 months of the onset and the second group (15 patients) was operated 6 months after physiotherapy. Interventions. All patients were operated via supraclavicular surgical approach. Outcomes Measures. Both groups were evaluated clinically and, neurophysiologically and answered the disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) questionnaire preoperatively and 6 months after the surgery. Results. Paraesthesia, pain, and sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) of ulnar nerve were significantly improved in group one. Muscle weakness and denervation in electromyography EMG were less frequent in group one. The postoperative DASH score improved in both groups but it was less significant in group two (P < .001 in group 1 and P < .05 in group 2). Conclusions. Surgical treatment of NTOS improves functional disability and stop degeneration of the nerves. Early surgical treatment decreases the occurrence of muscle wasting and denervation of nerves compared to late surgery. PMID:24109518

  2. Surgical treatment of cervical disc protrusion causing intracranial hypotension following chiropractic manipulation.

    PubMed

    Wilson, David; Steel, Timothy; Sutton, Ian

    2015-09-01

    We describe a woman with intracranial hypotension provoked by a combination of calcified disc protrusion and chiropractic manipulation who required surgical intervention for definitive treatment. Intracranial hypotension is a rare but increasingly well recognized cause of orthostatic headache that arises due to spinal cerebrospinal fluid leakage from meningeal diverticula or dural perforations. PMID:26067544

  3. Surgical treatment of thymic epithelial neoplasms.

    PubMed

    Kaiser, Larry R

    2008-06-01

    Resection continues to be the mainstay of treatment for epithelial lesions of the thymus. This has never been in doubt for encapsulated stage I and II lesions, but we recently have come to a greater appreciation of the role of preoperative therapy for locally advanced lesions, particularly stage III disease. For any lesion that presents in the anterior mediastinum and on CT scan does not appear to be eminently resectable, a biopsy should be performed to rule out lymphoma after serum germ cell markers have been obtained to rule out the rare primary mediastinal or metastatic germ cell tumor. PMID:18514128

  4. Surgical resection and prosthetic treatment of an extensive mandibular torus.

    PubMed

    Goncalves, Thais Marques Simek Vega; de Oliveira, Jonas Alves; Sanchez-Ayala, Alfonso; Rodrigues Garcia, Renata Cunha Matheus

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this case report was to describe the surgical removal of an extensive mandibular torus and the conventional prosthetic treatment that was performed. During surgery, the torus was exposed by a intrasulcular lingual incision from molar to contralateral molar side and displacement of the mucoperiosteal flap. The bone volume was carefully removed in three separate blocks by sculpting a groove in the superior lesion area and chiseling. After a 30-day postoperative period, a prosthetic treatment was performed using a conventional distal extension removable partial denture. The patient's esthetic and functional expectations were achieved. The surgical procedure and prosthetic treatment performed in the treatment of the mandibular torus in this clinical case is a viable treatment that produces few complications and re-establishes normal masticatory function. PMID:23302351

  5. Emerging surgical treatments for renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Husain, Fatima Z; Badani, Ketan K; Sfakianos, John P; Mehrazin, Reza

    2016-04-01

    Treatment of renal cell carcinoma has evolved considerably over the last few years. While total nephrectomy is necessary at times, nephron-sparing surgery, with a goal of renal function preservation, should always be considered. Although open partial nephrectomy is considered the gold standard approach for nephron-sparing surgery, laparoscopic- or robotic-assisted techniques allow urologists to perform renal surgery less invasively, with excellent long-term oncological outcomes. Cryotherapy and radiofrequency ablation are less invasive management approaches for carefully selected patients with small renal masses. Active surveillance should be considered in elderly or patients who are unfit for surgery. Ultimately, the method chosen for management of a renal mass is an informed decision made by the physician and patient. PMID:26892144

  6. Surgical treatment of pulmonary hypertension: Lung transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Long, Jason; Russo, Mark J.; Muller, Charlie; Vigneswaran, Wickii T.

    2011-01-01

    Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a serious and progressive disorder that results in right ventricular dysfunction that lead to subsequent right heart failure and death. When untreated the median survival for these patients is 2.8 years. Over the past decade advances in disease specific medical therapy considerably changed the natural history. This is reflected in a threefold decrease in the number of patients undergoing lung transplantation for PH which used to be main stay of treatment. Despite the successful development of medical therapy lung transplant still remains the gold standard for patients who fail medical therapy. Referral for lung transplant is recommended when patients have a less than 2-3 years of predicted survival or in NYHA class III or IV. Both single and bilateral lung transplants have been successfully performed for PH but outcome analyses and survival comparisons generally favor a bilateral lung transplant. PMID:22140622

  7. Recent advances in the surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Rocco, Bernardo; Ferreira, Rafael Coelho; Spinelli, Matteo; Cozzi, Gabriele; Dell’Orto, Paolo; Patel, Vipul; Rocco, Francesco

    2011-01-01

    TURP for many years has been considered the gold standard for surgical treatment of BPH. Symptoms relief, improvement in Maximum flow rate and reduction of post void residual urine have been reported in several experiences. Notwithstanding a satisfactory efficacy, concerns have been reported in terms of safety outcomes:intracapsular perforation, TUR syndrome, bleeding with a higher risk of transfusion particularly in larger prostates have been extensivelyreported in the literature. In the recent years the use of new forms of energy and devices suchas bipolar resector, Ho: YAG and potassium-titanyl-phosphate laserare challenging the role of traditional TURP for BPH surgical treatment. In 1999 TURP represented the 81% of surgical treatment for BPHversus 39% of 2005. Is this a marketing driven change or is there areal advantage in new technologies? We analyzed guidelines and higher evidence studies to evaluate therole of the most relevant new surgical approaches compared to TURPfor the treatment of BPH. In case of prostates of very large size the challenge is ongoing, withminimally invasive laparoscopic approach and most recently roboticapproach. We will evaluate the most recent literature on thisemerging field. PMID:22164196

  8. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF OSTEOARTHRITIS IN HARBOR SEALS (PHOCA VITULINA).

    PubMed

    García, Ana Rubio; Contreras, Guillermo J Sánchez; Acosta, Cristina Juliá; Lacave, Géraldine; Prins, Pier; Marck, Klaas

    2015-09-01

    In 2012, 543 harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) and 124 grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) were admitted to the Seal Rehabilitation and Research Centre in Pieterburen, The Netherlands. In 19 seals (3%), signs of infection in a hind flipper were observed. Initial treatment consisting of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs resolved the symptoms in 15 animals. In four harbor seals, estimated to be 3 to 4 mo old, a necrotizing infection developed that resulted in osteoarthritis of the tarsus or tibiotarsal joint or both. Bacterial culture revealed the presence of polymicrobial infection in three of the four animals. Treatment consisted of amputation of the hind flipper under general anesthesia combined with tumescent anesthesia in the operation field. Amputations were done at the diaphysis of the tibia and fibula. After resecting these bones, the flipper was discarded, leaving a good muscle-skin cuff to cover the edges of the bones and close the skin without tension. The estimated blood loss varied between <50 to 150 ml. Healing was uneventful, and both antibiotics and analgesics were gradually reduced according to the individual response. The seals did not show any functional impairment 1 mo postoperatively. After release to the sea, scrutinous revision of all radiographs showed signs of osteomyelitis in at least one animal in the proximal part of the tibia, also present preoperatively. It is concluded that tumescent anesthesia in seals may reduce perioperative blood loss and that a lower leg amputation is a surgically easy and clean approach for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hind flipper of seals, giving good functional results (diving, catching fish, exiting a pool, and moving on land). PMID:26352960

  9. Epidemiology and treatment outcome of surgically treated mandibular condyle fractures. A five years retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Zrounba, Hugues; Lutz, Jean-Christophe; Zink, Simone; Wilk, Astrid

    2014-09-01

    Surgical management of mandibular condyle fractures is still controversial. Although it provides better outcome than closed treatment questions still remain about the surgical approach and the osteosynthesis devices to be used. Between 2005 and 2010, we managed 168 mandibular condyle fractures with open treatment. Two surgical approaches were used in this study, a pre-auricular and a high submandibular approach (one or the other or as a combined approach). Internal fixation was performed using TCP(®) plates (Medartis, Basel, Switzerland) or with two lag screws (15 and 17 mm). Delta plates were used in 15 cases (8.9%). We report the epidemiology of these fractures and the outcomes of the surgical treatment. We assessed the complications related to the surgical procedure and those related to the osteosynthesis material. The facial nerve related complication rate was very low and the osteosynthesis materials used proved to be strong enough to realize a stable fixation. The two approaches used in this study appeared to be safe with good aesthetic results. Most of the surgical procedure failures occurred in high subcondylar fractures especially when bilateral. PMID:24485271

  10. Recalcitrant Digital Porokeratosis of Mibelli: A Successful Surgical Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Shahmoradi, Zabihollah; Sadeghiyan, Hamidreza; Pourazizi, Mohsen; Saber, Mina; Abtahi-Naeini, Bahareh

    2015-01-01

    Context: Porokeratosis of Mibelli (PM) is a rare, benign, asymptomatic, epidermal hyperkeratinization dermatitis that is characterized by annular plaque that expands through the edges and leaves an atrophic center. Many therapies have been attempted for the treatment of PM, but none of these have given satisfactory results. The efficacies of treatment options are limited, and currently there is no gold standard. Case Report: This paper reports the case of a 22-year-old female with 3-years history of PM, who had not responded to routine therapies like topical corticosteroids, topical tretinoin, topical salicylic acid, and various emollients and keratolytic agent. Cryosurgery and laser ablation did not have acceptable response. We used surgical treatment with successful cosmetic outcome. Conclusion: The treatment of PM should be individualized considering the aesthetic and functionality, and the patient's preferences. Complete surgical excision for isolated digital PM had good results. PMID:26199929

  11. [Combined orthodontic and restorative treatment].

    PubMed

    Kuijpers, M A R; Loomans, B

    2015-11-01

    In patients with agenesis or enamel anomalies in anterior teeth combined orthodontic and restorative treatment is often necessary to achieve an optimal aesthetic result. How both can best be achieved, but also how to maintain the result, requires communication between the dentist and the orthodontist. The orthodontic treatment plan needs to be established in cooperation with the dentist who will carry out the restorative treatment while the patient is at a young age. Since with these young patients, who are still growing craniofacially and whose teeth are still developing, possible future restorative and/or orthodontic treatment, as well as the means of orthodontic retention, need to be included in the treatment plan. In cleft palate patients, it is also important that methods of orthodontic retention of maxillary arch width are given timely attention in the restorative treatment plan because it is especially vulnerable to relapse. PMID:26568998

  12. A surgical view on the treatment of Madelung's disease.

    PubMed

    Sharma, N; Hunter-Smith, D J; Rizzitelli, A; Rozen, W M

    2015-10-01

    Benign symmetrical lipomatosis (Madelung's disease) is a rare condition of unclear aetiology characterized by numerous, unencapsulated lipomatous deposits. The only effective treatment is by surgical intervention; however, there is no consensus in the optimal approach. We present the case of a patient who required staged, multi-modality treatment to achieve disease quiescence. The case highlights the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging as a tool for assessment as well as preoperative planning. PMID:26246230

  13. Ablation Technology for the Surgical Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation

    PubMed Central

    Melby, Spencer J.; Schuessler, Richard B.; Damiano, Ralph J.

    2014-01-01

    The Cox maze procedure for the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation has been simplified from its original cut-and-sew technique. Various energy sources now exist which create linear lines of ablation that can be used to replace the original incisions, greatly facilitating the surgical approach. This review article describes the anatomy of the atria that must be considered in choosing a successful energy source. Furthermore the device characteristics, safety profile, mechanism of tissue injury, and ability to create transmural lesions of the various energy sources that have been used in the Cox maze procedure, along with the strengths and weaknesses of each device is discussed. PMID:23995989

  14. Minimally Invasive Surgical Treatment of Acute Epidural Hematoma: Case Series

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Background and Objective. Although minimally invasive surgical treatment of acute epidural hematoma attracts increasing attention, no generalized indications for the surgery have been adopted. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of minimally invasive surgery in acute epidural hematoma with various hematoma volumes. Methods. Minimally invasive puncture and aspiration surgery were performed in 59 cases of acute epidural hematoma with various hematoma volumes (13–145 mL); postoperative follow-up was 3 months. Clinical data, including surgical trauma, surgery time, complications, and outcome of hematoma drainage, recovery, and Barthel index scores, were assessed, as well as treatment outcome. Results. Surgical trauma was minimal and surgery time was short (10–20 minutes); no anesthesia accidents or surgical complications occurred. Two patients died. Drainage was completed within 7 days in the remaining 57 cases. Barthel index scores of ADL were ≤40 (n = 1), 41–60 (n = 1), and >60 (n = 55); scores of 100 were obtained in 48 cases, with no dysfunctions. Conclusion. Satisfactory results can be achieved with minimally invasive surgery in treating acute epidural hematoma with hematoma volumes ranging from 13 to 145 mL. For patients with hematoma volume >50 mL and even cerebral herniation, flexible application of minimally invasive surgery would help improve treatment efficacy. PMID:27144170

  15. A critical analysis of the surgical outcomes for the treatment of Peyronie’s disease

    PubMed Central

    Mandava, Sree H.; Trost, Landon W.; Hellstrom, Wayne J.G.

    2013-01-01

    Peyronie’s disease (PD) is a relatively common condition, which can impair sexual function and result in emotional and psychological distress. Despite an abundance of minimally invasive treatments, few have confirmed efficacy for improving penile curvature and function. Surgical therapies include many different techniques and are reserved for patients with stable disease of ⩾12 months’ duration. We searched PubMed for all articles from 1990 to the present relating to the surgical management of PD. Preference was given to recent articles, larger series, and those comparing various techniques and/or materials. Outcomes were subsequently analysed and organised by surgical technique and the graft material used. Available surgical techniques include plication/corporoplasty procedures, incision and grafting (I&G), and placing a penile prosthesis with or without adjunctive procedures. Although several surgical algorithms have been reported, in general, plication/corporoplasty procedures are reserved for patients with adequate erectile function, simple curvatures of <60°, and with no deformities (hour-glass, hinge). I&G are reserved for complex curvatures of >60° and those with deformities. Penile prostheses are indicated for combined erectile dysfunction and PD. Overall outcomes show high rates of improved curvature and patient satisfaction, with mildly decreased erectile function with both plication and the I&G procedure (I&G >plication) and decreases in penile length (plication >I&G). Surgical management of PD remains an excellent treatment option for patients with penile curvature precluding or impairing sexual activity. Surgical algorithms are available to assist treating clinicians in appropriately stratifying surgical candidates. Additional research is needed to identify optimal surgical techniques and materials based on patient and disease characteristics. PMID:26558094

  16. Emerging surgical therapies in the treatment of pediatric epilepsy.

    PubMed

    Karsy, Michael; Guan, Jian; Ducis, Katrina; Bollo, Robert J

    2016-04-01

    In the approximately 1% of children affected by epilepsy, pharmacoresistance and early age of seizure onset are strongly correlated with poor cognitive outcomes, depression, anxiety, developmental delay, and impaired activities of daily living. These children often require multiple surgical procedures, including invasive diagnostic procedures with intracranial electrodes to identify the seizure-onset zone. The recent development of minimally invasive surgical techniques, including stereotactic electroencephalography (SEEG) and MRI-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT), and new applications of neurostimulation, such as responsive neurostimulation (RNS), are quickly changing the landscape of the surgical management of pediatric epilepsy. In this review, the authors discuss these various technologies, their current applications, and limitations in the treatment of pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy, as well as areas for future research. The development of minimally invasive diagnostic and ablative surgical techniques together with new paradigms in neurostimulation hold vast potential to improve the efficacy and reduce the morbidity of the surgical management of children with drug-resistant epilepsy. PMID:27186523

  17. [Surgical treatment of strabismus in the Czech Republic in 1998].

    PubMed

    Dostálek, M

    2000-04-01

    For the first time an anonymous survey by means of questionnaires on the scope and surgical treatment of strabism was used in the Czech Republic in 1998. In 54 departments of the Czech Republic 3167 operations of strabism were made. 80% of the operated patients were children under 15 years of age. The most frequent primary surgical operation was modification of the strength of horizontal muscles. This surgical procedure was implemented in 81.7%. The ratio of primary operations and re-operations in child patients was 10:1. The mean age of child patients during the primary operation of strabism was 4.3 years, on re-operation 7.2 years, the mean period of hospitalization during the primary operation was 4.4 days. Two surgical centres performed more than 20 operations per month. As a matter of routine a surgical microscope was used only by some departments which made less than 5 operations of children suffering from strabism per month. In order to follow up national trends of surgery of strabism the authors will repeat similar investigations in future. PMID:10874792

  18. Emerging surgical therapies in the treatment of pediatric epilepsy

    PubMed Central

    Karsy, Michael; Guan, Jian; Ducis, Katrina

    2016-01-01

    In the approximately 1% of children affected by epilepsy, pharmacoresistance and early age of seizure onset are strongly correlated with poor cognitive outcomes, depression, anxiety, developmental delay, and impaired activities of daily living. These children often require multiple surgical procedures, including invasive diagnostic procedures with intracranial electrodes to identify the seizure-onset zone. The recent development of minimally invasive surgical techniques, including stereotactic electroencephalography (SEEG) and MRI-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT), and new applications of neurostimulation, such as responsive neurostimulation (RNS), are quickly changing the landscape of the surgical management of pediatric epilepsy. In this review, the authors discuss these various technologies, their current applications, and limitations in the treatment of pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy, as well as areas for future research. The development of minimally invasive diagnostic and ablative surgical techniques together with new paradigms in neurostimulation hold vast potential to improve the efficacy and reduce the morbidity of the surgical management of children with drug-resistant epilepsy. PMID:27186523

  19. The surgical treatment of metastases in long bones.

    PubMed

    Bocchi, L; Lazzeroni, L; Maggi, M

    1988-06-01

    The authors report their experience in the treatment of metastases in long bones. Between 1980 and 1985, 51 cases were submitted to surgical treatment. They comprised osteolytic lesions in the femur (44), tibia (2), and humerus (5). The most frequent primary tumours were: carcinoma of the breast (37%), lung (25%), kidney (16%), rectum (9%). The remaining 13% were from the prostate gland, bladder, ovaries, uterus, chronic lymphatic leukemia, and haemangiopericytoma. Surgical treatment was supplemented by medication and physiotherapy. The choice of instrumentation (prosthesis, total prosthesis, plates, endomedullary nailing) was based on the site of the metastasis and the general condition of the patient. Palliative surgery in these cases was fully justified by the results in that it achieved the aim we set ourselves, namely to restore these unfortunate patients to as normal a lifestyle as possible. PMID:3220722

  20. Dentoalveolar surgery techniques combined with orthodontic treatment: A literature review

    PubMed Central

    Uzuner, F. Deniz; Darendeliler, Nilufer

    2013-01-01

    Surgery on the dentoalveolar process combined with orthodontic treatment was emphasized as an alternative method for reducing the treatment time and improving the orthodontic treatment on post-adolescent and adult patients. This combined treatment facilitates and accelerates orthodontic tooth movement. This article reviews the clinical practice in surgery-assisted orthodontic treatment in relation to historical perspective, indications and biological principles, as well as limitations and risks of dento-osseous surgical techniques, including dento-osseous osteotomy and/or ostectomy, dento-osseous microfracture, dento-osseous corticotomy, and/or corticoectomy, and dental distraction. PMID:24883038

  1. Surgical Treatment of Clavicle Fractures in the Adolescent Athlete

    PubMed Central

    Fanter, Nathan J.; Kenny, Ryan M.; Baker, Champ L.; Baker, Champ L.

    2015-01-01

    Context: Current literature has clearly shown that the indications for surgical treatment of clavicle fractures in adults are expanding. Although clavicle fractures in children and adolescents have traditionally been treated nonoperatively, surgical treatment of displaced clavicle fractures may be indicated for adolescent athletes. Evidence Acquisition: A review of relevant articles published between 1970 and 2013 was completed using MEDLINE and the terms clavicle fracture and adolescent athlete. Study Design: Clinical review. Level of Evidence: Level 3. Results: Excellent outcomes and rapid return to competition can be achieved with surgical management of displaced clavicle fractures in the adolescent athlete with high functional demands similar to those of their adult counterparts. Complications include hardware irritation, screw loosening, pin migration, peri-incisional numbness, and refracture. Athletes and families must be counseled regarding complications and potential need for secondary surgery to remove hardware. Conclusion: The adolescent athlete with a displaced, shortened, or comminuted clavicle fracture presents a unique, controversial dilemma for the surgeon. Earlier return to competition can be achieved with surgical management to restore length and alignment and may prevent malunion, nonunion, and poor outcomes. PMID:25984259

  2. Surgical Treatment Strategies for High-Grade Spondylolisthesis: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Poorman, Caroline E.; Yang, Sun; Boniello, Anthony J.; Jalai, Cyrus M.; Worley, Nancy; Lafage, Virginie

    2015-01-01

    Background HGS is a severe deformity most commonly affecting L5-S1 vertebral segment. Treatment available for HGS includes a range of different surgical options: full or partial reduction of translation and/or abnormal alignment and in situ fusion with or without decompression. Various instrumented or non-instrumented constructs are available, and surgical approach varies from anterior/posterior to combined depending on surgeon preference and experience. The aim of this systematic review was to review the literature on lumbosacral high-grade spondylolisthesis (HGS), identify patients at risk for progression to higher-grade slip and evaluate various surgical strategies to report on complications and radiographic and clinical outcomes. Methods Systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane and Google Scholar for papers relevant to HGS was performed. 19 articles were included after title, abstract, and full-text review and grouped to analyze baseline radiographic parameters and the effect of surgical approach, instrumentation, reduction and decompression on patient radiographic and clinical outcomes. Results There is a lack of high-quality studies pertaining to surgical treatment for HGS, and a majority of included papers were Level III or IV based on the JBJS Levels of Evidence Criteria. Conclusions Surgical treatment for HGS can vary depending on patient age. There is strong evidence of an association between increased pelvic incidence (PI) and presence of HGS and moderately strong evidence that patients with unbalanced pelvis can benefit from correction of lumbopelvic parameters with partial reduction. Surgeons need to weigh the benefits of fixing the deformity with the risks of potential complications, assessing patient satisfaction as well as their understanding of the possible complications. However, further research is necessary to make more definitive conclusions on surgical treatment guidelines for HGS. Level of Evidence II PMID:26512344

  3. [New methods of complex treatment of upper micrognation combined with stenosis of the dental rows].

    PubMed

    Malanchuk, V O; Astapenko, O O; Chepurnyĭ, Iu V

    2013-06-01

    This paper presents the new methods of surgical treatment of upper micrognation, combined with stenosis of dental rows, described advantages of using of bioresorbable devises for osteosintesis for treatment of patients with deformations of middle facial zone. PMID:25095695

  4. Combined operative technique with anterior surgical approach and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical lobectomy for anterior superior sulcus tumours.

    PubMed

    Yokoyama, Yuhei; Chen, Fengshi; Aoyama, Akihiro; Sato, Toshihiko; Date, Hiroshi

    2014-11-01

    Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been widely used, but surgical resections of superior sulcus tumours remain challenging because of their anatomical location. For such cases, less-invasive procedures, such as the anterior transcervical-thoracic and transmanubrial approaches, have been widely performed because of their excellent visualization of the subclavian vessels. Recently, a combined operative technique with an anterior surgical approach and VATS for anterior superior sulcus tumours has been introduced. Herein, we report three cases of anterior superior sulcus tumours successfully resected by surgical approaches combined with a VATS-based lobectomy. In all cases, operability was confirmed by VATS, and upper lobectomies with hilar and mediastinal lymph node dissections were performed. Subsequently, dissections of the anterior inlet of the tumours were performed using the transmanubrial approach in two patients and the anterior trans-cervical-thoracic approach in one patient. Both approaches provided excellent access to the anterior inlet of the tumour and exposure of the subclavian vessels, resulting in radical resection of the tumour with concomitant resection of the surrounding anatomical structures, including the chest wall and vessels. In conclusion, VATS lobectomy combined with the anterior surgical approach might be an excellent procedure for the resection of anterior superior sulcus tumours. PMID:25028075

  5. Treatment of Chronic Constipation: Prescription Medications and Surgical Therapies

    PubMed Central

    Everhart, Kelly; Lacy, Brian E.

    2015-01-01

    Constipation is a highly prevalent disorder that affects people regardless of age, race, gender, or socioeconomic status. For many patients, constipation is a chronic condition that reduces quality of life. Chronic constipation also imposes a significant economic burden on the health care system. The treatment of constipation remains problematic for both patients and providers for a variety of reasons, including a lack of specificity of symptoms, an inconsistent relationship between underlying pathophysiology and symptom generation, and different and unpredictable patient responses to medications. A large number of over-the-counter agents are used to treat symptoms of constipation, although many of these agents are not effective, and data to support their use are limited and generally of poor quality. Patients referred for consultation typically have failed therapy with over-the-counter agents and require prescription medications or possibly even surgical therapy. This article discusses medical treatments and surgical options for chronic idiopathic constipation. PMID:27099579

  6. Treatment of Chronic Constipation: Prescription Medications and Surgical Therapies.

    PubMed

    Hussain, Zilla H; Everhart, Kelly; Lacy, Brian E

    2015-02-01

    Constipation is a highly prevalent disorder that affects people regardless of age, race, gender, or socioeconomic status. For many patients, constipation is a chronic condition that reduces quality of life. Chronic constipation also imposes a significant economic burden on the health care system. The treatment of constipation remains problematic for both patients and providers for a variety of reasons, including a lack of specificity of symptoms, an inconsistent relationship between underlying pathophysiology and symptom generation, and different and unpredictable patient responses to medications. A large number of over-the-counter agents are used to treat symptoms of constipation, although many of these agents are not effective, and data to support their use are limited and generally of poor quality. Patients referred for consultation typically have failed therapy with over-the-counter agents and require prescription medications or possibly even surgical therapy. This article discusses medical treatments and surgical options for chronic idiopathic constipation. PMID:27099579

  7. Surgical treatment of sacral perineural cysts. A case report.

    PubMed

    Yücesoy, K; Naderi, S; Ozer, H; Arda, M N

    1999-12-01

    Most of the perineural cysts (Tarlov's cysts) are asymptomatic. They are usually diagnosed incidentally, and a specific treatment is not necessary. They should be operated on, only if they produce progressive or disabling symptoms and/or sign clearly attributable to them. Several reports have been made regarding their sign and symptom, neurological and radiological features. This is a report emphasizing on their surgical indication and surgical treatment. We reported a 48 year-old woman who underwent surgery because of the symptomatic perineural cyst. It is concluded that the total excision of the perineural cyst is not necessary and a partial resection with a resultant reduction in the cyst size results in a favourable outcome. PMID:10985157

  8. [Increase in surgical treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injury].

    PubMed

    Meuffels, D E

    2009-01-01

    An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a very common musculoskeletal injury. The number of ACL reconstructions is increasing, both in the Netherlands and worldwide. Substantial progress has been made in surgical technique: from open to arthroscopic procedures. An ACL reconstruction will not diminish the chance of osteoarthritis, and the biomechanical properties of the knee will never be the same as before the trauma. An ACL reconstruction does, however, reduce the chance of instability, or 'giving way', which is the most important indication for surgical intervention. There are insufficient long-term results described in the literature to indicate either surgery or conservative measures as the treatment of choice. Treatment should be individually determined, taking into consideration factors such as: pattern of symptoms, degree of instability, desire to practise sport, age and willingness to commit to a 9-month rehabilitation programme. PMID:21401972

  9. Update on surgical treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms

    PubMed Central

    D’Haese, Jan G; Tosolini, Chiara; Ceyhan, Güralp O; Kong, Bo; Esposito, Irene; Michalski, Christoph W; Kleeff, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) are rare and account for only 2%-4% of all pancreatic neoplasms. All PNENs are potential (neurendocrine tumors PNETs) or overt (neuroendocrine carcinomas PNECs) malignant, but a subset of PNETs is low-risk. Even in case of low-risk PNETs surgical resection is frequently required to treat hormone-related symptoms and to obtain an appropriate pathological diagnosis. Low-risk PNETs in the body and the tail are ideal for minimally-invasive approaches which should be tailored to the individual patient. Generally, surgeons must aim for parenchyma sparing in these cases. In high-risk and malignant PNENs, indications for tumor resection are much wider than for pancreatic adenocarcinoma, in many cases due to the relatively benign tumor biology. Thus, patients with locally advanced and metastatic PNETs may benefit from extensive resection. In experienced hands, even multi-organ resections are accomplished with acceptable perioperative morbidity and mortality rates and are associated with excellent long term survival. However, poorly differentiated neoplasms with high proliferation rates are associated with a dismal prognosis and may frequently only be treated with chemotherapy. The evidence on surgical treatment of PNENs stems from reviews of mostly single-center series and some analyses of nation-wide tumor registries. No randomized trial has been performed to compare surgical and non-surgical therapies in potentially resectable PNEN. Though such a trial would principally be desirable, ethical considerations and the heterogeneity of PNENs preclude realization of such a study. In the current review, we summarize recent advances in the surgical treatment of PNENs. PMID:25320524

  10. Radiation injury of the rectum: evaluation of surgical treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Anseline, P.F.; Lavery, I.C.; Fazio, V.W.; Jagelman, D.G.; Weakley, F.L.

    1981-12-01

    One hundred four patients, 80 women and 24 men, with radiation injury of the rectum following treatment for gynecologic and urologic malignancy were studied. In 50 patients, the rectal injury was treated surgically; 54 patients were treated conservatively. The age and sex distributions were the same in each group. In 63 patients, symptoms developed one month to one year after radiotherapy. The longest latent interval was 17 years. Of the 50 surgical patients, 23 had associated small bowel injury. The indications for surgery for the rectal injury were 1) proctitis unresponsive to conservative measures in 14 patients, 2) rectal stricture or fistula or both in 32, and 3) rectosigmoid perforation in four. Forty-one patients had external diversions. Eleven had intestinal continuity restored; six of the 11 had required the stoma for proctitis unresponsive to medical measures. Nineteen patients did not undergo colostomy closure, although symptoms wer greatly improved. Diversion alone was insufficient treatment in the remaining 11 patients. Twenty-six patients died. The 12 deaths in the surgical group comprised four due to residual malignancy, four from postoperative complications, and four from unrelated causes. Of the 14 deaths in the nonsurgical group, 11 died of the primary malignancy and three of unrelated causes. Diversion is considered the safest form of treatment for rectovaginal fistulae, rectal strictures, and proctitis unresponsive to medical measures. Intestinal resection resulted in sharp rise in the morbidity and mortality rates.

  11. Radiation injury of the rectum: Evaluation of surgical treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Anseline, P.F.; Lavery, I.C.; Fazio, V.W.; Jagelman, D.G.; Weakley, F.L.

    1981-12-01

    One hundred four patients, 80 women and 24 men, with radiation injury of the rectum following treatment for gynecologic and urologic malignancy were studied. In 50 patients, the rectal injury was treated surgically; 54 patients were treated conservatively. The age and sex distributions were the same in each group. In 63 patients, symptoms developed one month to one year after radiotherapy. The longest latent interval was 17 years. Of the 50 surgical patients, 23 had associated small bowel injury. The indications for surgery for the rectal injury were 1) proctitis unresponsive to conservative measures in 14 patients, 2) rectal stricture or fistula or both in 32, and 3) rectosigmoid perforation in four. Forty-one patients had external diversions. Eleven had intestinal continuity restored; six of the 11 had required the stoma for proctitis unresponsive to medical measures. Nineteen patients did not undergo colostomy closure, although symptoms were greatly improved. Diversion alone was insufficient treatment in the remaining 11 patients. Twenty-six patients died. The 12 deaths in the surgical group comprised four due to residual malignancy, four from post-operative complications, and four from unrelated causes. Of the 14 deaths in the nonsurgical group, 11 died of the primary malignancy and three of unrelated causes. Diversion is considered the safest form of treatment for rectovaginal fistulae, rectal strictures, and proctitis unresponsive to medical measures. Intestinal resection resulted in a sharp rise in the morbidity and mortality rates.

  12. Orthodontic and surgical treatment of a patient with hemifacial microsomia.

    PubMed

    Zanardi, Gustavo; Parente, Eduardo Varela; Esteves, Lucas Senhorinho; Louro, Rafael Seabra; Capelli, Jonas

    2012-04-01

    This article describes the surgical and orthodontic treatment of a 12-year-old boy with a significant deformity and functional involvement caused by hemifacial microsomia. The left mandibular ramus and condyle were hypoplastic and abnormal in form and location. The lower third of the face was increased, with mandibular retrusion and significant facial asymmetry. He had difficulties in speaking and chewing and problems related to his facial appearance, which caused severe psychosocial disturbances. The patient received orthodontic treatment and temporomandibular joint reconstruction with a costochondral graft on the left side while he was still growing. Three-year follow-up records are presented. PMID:22449593

  13. The Non-Surgical Treatment of Peyronie Disease: 2013 Update

    PubMed Central

    Shaw, Eric James; Mitchell, Gregory Clyde; Tan, Ronny B.; Sangkum, Premsant

    2013-01-01

    Peyronie disease is a common cause of penile deformity and sexual dysfunction. Although surgery is regarded as the definitive management for this condition, there are many medical and minimally invasive therapies available, with widely varying efficacy reported in the literature. The purpose of this review is to describe the current state-of-the-art for each of the most commonly used as well as several developing non-surgical treatments. Further, we hope to offer perspectives that will aid practitioners in deciding among these treatments that are either already in use or have the potential to be used as alternatives to surgery in the management of this frustrating disease. PMID:24459651

  14. The non-surgical treatment of peyronie disease: 2013 update.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Eric James; Mitchell, Gregory Clyde; Tan, Ronny B; Sangkum, Premsant; Hellstrom, Wayne John G

    2013-12-01

    Peyronie disease is a common cause of penile deformity and sexual dysfunction. Although surgery is regarded as the definitive management for this condition, there are many medical and minimally invasive therapies available, with widely varying efficacy reported in the literature. The purpose of this review is to describe the current state-of-the-art for each of the most commonly used as well as several developing non-surgical treatments. Further, we hope to offer perspectives that will aid practitioners in deciding among these treatments that are either already in use or have the potential to be used as alternatives to surgery in the management of this frustrating disease. PMID:24459651

  15. Surgical treatment of retinal detachment owing to macular hole.

    PubMed

    Wolfensberger, T J; Gonvers, M

    2000-06-01

    Retinal detachments owing to macular hole have a low prevalence and occur predominantly in myopic eyes. The choice of surgical technique is primarily based on the axial length of the globe and on the presence or absence of a posterior staphyloma and/or chorioretinal degenerations. Whereas patients with low myopia and no posterior staphyloma are best treated with primary pars plana vitrectomy and air tamponade, patients with marked myopia and large posterior staphylomas should be managed by combining a pars plana vitrectomy with laser photocoagulation of the macular hole rim under perfluorocarbon liquids and a temporary silicone oil tamponade. For the intermediate myopias the surgical technique has to be decided from patient to patient. PMID:11309744

  16. [Robotic surgery -- the modern surgical treatment of prostate cancer].

    PubMed

    Szabó, Ferenc János; Alexander, de la Taille

    2014-09-01

    Minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery replaces many open surgery procedures in urology due to its advantages concerning post-operative morbidity. However, the technical challenges and need of learning have limited the application of this method to the work of highly qualified surgeons. The introduction of da Vinci surgical system has offered important technical advantages compared to the laparoscopic surgical procedure. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy became a largely accepted procedure. It has paved the way for urologists to start other, more complex operations, decreasing this way the operative morbidity. The purpose of this article is to overview the history of robotic surgery, its current and future states in the treatment of the cancer. We present our robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and the results. PMID:25260081

  17. [Changes in the surgical treatment of breast cancer].

    PubMed

    Taguchi, T

    1988-01-01

    The principle in surgery for breast cancer is to clean out and remove en masse the primary lesion within the breast as well as the lymph nodes (metastases) in the vicinity. This fundamental approach to surgical intervention was established by Halsted and Meyer at the close of the nineteenth century. This has been termed typical mastectomy to this day and standard radical mastectomy has been the method used. Later, a more expanded type of radical surgery was performed on somewhat more advanced cases, but a less radical approach then came about. Since 1960, the excision of nodes in the cerebrum and cerebellum was not used for early cancer, and in some cases a more conservative approach in which only part of the breasts was removed resulted, as Europe and the United States were heavily toward reduced operations. Thus, it was considered that axillary expurgation was needed, but that excision of nodes in the cerebrum and cerebellum was not essential in every case. One approach is less aggressive, whether as to the expurgation or excision of the surrounding area of the breast; in certain cases, treatment may be combined with radiation and the surgery minimized. The above-mentioned operative procedure which leaves brain nodes intact has been called modified radical mastectomy. This is subdivided into the Auchincloss method, in which modes in the cerebellum are extirpated, and the Patey method, in which the cerebral nodes are preserved. In Japan this approach has been used for breast cancer in Stage I and Stage II, with surgery gradually becoming the mainstream. Conservative breast operation procedures such as tumor extirpation, partial breast removal or segmental resection are still rare in Japan but very common in Europe and the United States. Since remote metastases frequently occur through the circulation in breast cancer, in recent years it has generally been regarded as a whole-body disease and, in terms of the advance of the cancer in each case, the method of

  18. Outcomes of Surgical Treatment of Vascular Anomalies on the Vermilion

    PubMed Central

    Park, Sang Min; Lee, Jae Woo; Kim, Hoon Soo; Lee, In Sook

    2016-01-01

    Background The vermilion plays an important role in both the aesthetic and functional aspects of facial anatomy. Due to its structural features, the complete excision of vascular anomalies on the vermilion is challenging, making it difficult to determine the appropriate treatment strategy. Thus, the authors analyzed the results of surgical treatment of vascular anomalies on the vermilion. Methods The medical records of 38 patients with vascular anomalies on the vermilion who underwent surgery from 1995 to 2013 were analyzed. Nine of the cases had an involuted hemangioma, and 29 cases had a vascular malformation; of the vascular malformations, 13, 11, one, and four cases involved were capillary malformations (CMs), venous malformations (VMs), lymphatic malformations (LMs), and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), respectively. We investigated the surgical methods used to treat these patients, the quantity of surgical procedures, complications and instances of recurrence, and self-assessed satisfaction scores. Results A total of 50 operations were carried out: 28 horizontal partial excisions, eight vertical partial excisions, and 14 operations using other surgical methods. All cases of AVM underwent complete excision. Six cases experienced minor complications and one case of recurrence was observed. The overall average satisfaction score was 4.1 out of 5, while the satisfaction scores associated with each lesion type were 4.2 for hemangiomas, 3.9 for CMs, 4.2 for VMs, 5.0 for LMs, and 4.0 for AVMs. Conclusions It is difficult to completely excise vascular anomalies that involve the vermilion. This study suggests that partial excision focused on correcting the overall contour of the lips is effective and leads to satisfactory results. PMID:26848441

  19. A decomposition approach for the combined master surgical schedule and surgical case assignment problems.

    PubMed

    Agnetis, Alessandro; Coppi, Alberto; Corsini, Matteo; Dellino, Gabriella; Meloni, Carlo; Pranzo, Marco

    2014-03-01

    This research aims at supporting hospital management in making prompt Operating Room (OR) planning decisions, when either unpredicted events occur or alternative scenarios or configurations need to be rapidly evaluated. We design and test a planning tool enabling managers to efficiently analyse several alternatives to the current OR planning and scheduling. To this aim, we propose a decomposition approach. More specifically, we first focus on determining the Master Surgical Schedule (MSS) on a weekly basis, by assigning the different surgical disciplines to the available sessions. Next, we allocate surgeries to each session, focusing on elective patients only. Patients are selected from the waiting lists according to several parameters, including surgery duration, waiting time and priority class of the operations. We performed computational experiments to compare the performance of our decomposition approach with an (exact) integrated approach. The case study selected for our simulations is based on the characteristics of the operating theatre (OT) of a medium-size public Italian hospital. Scalability of the method is tested for different OT sizes. A pilot example is also proposed to highlight the usefulness of our approach for decision support. The proposed decomposition approach finds satisfactory solutions with significant savings in computation time. PMID:23783452

  20. Combination syndrome symptomatology and treatment.

    PubMed

    Tolstunov, Len

    2011-04-01

    Combination syndrome (CS) is one of the most fascinating oral conditions yet is poorly understood and underappreciated in the literature and clinical practice. This article reviews the most important literature on this subject and analyzes the etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, and current therapeutic modalities for treatment in an attempt to better understand CS. The syndrome represents an example ofa complex pathologic condition of the entire stomatognathic system with a multitude of hard-tissue, soft-tissue, and occlusal changes. These changes, initiated by a certain sequence of events, beginning with a prolonged period of tooth loss, can lead to severe bone atrophy in different regions of the jaws, loss of masticatory function, and the need for complex treatment. Implant rehabilitation of these patients in a preventative approach with cooperation of the entire dental team is emphasized. PMID:21560744

  1. Surgical Treatment of a 4-Year-Old Child with Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy: Case Report.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jin; Wu, Qingyu; Xu, Zhonghua; Kong, Xiangchen

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of pediatric hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is low. The lesions usually involve the left ventricle or ventricular septum, leading to either left or right ventricular outflow tract stenosis. However, combined left and right ventricular outflow tract stenosis is rare, and the surgical treatment is limited, especially in children. Surgery to release the obstruction was performed successfully in a 4-year-old child with right and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction together with a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The result was excellent. PMID:26913685

  2. Surgical treatment of early breast cancer in day surgery.

    PubMed

    Marrazzo, Antonio; Taormina, Pietra; David, Massimo; Riili, Ignazio; Lo Gerfo, Domenico; Casà, Luigi; Noto, Antonio; Mercadante, Sebastiano

    2007-01-01

    Quadrantectomy and associated sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is currently employed in most breast surgery centres as the gold standard in the treatment of early breast cancer. This approach has a modest morbidity and can usually be performed in a day-surgery regimen, leading to best acceptance by the patients. This reports outlines the experience of our Breast Unit with quadrantectomy and SLNB in day surgery for early breast cancer. One hundred patients presenting to our institution with primary invasive breast cancer measuring less than 3 cm and clinically negative axillary nodes underwent quadrantectomy and SLNB in day surgery. For 60 women with breast cancer the sentinel node was negative, so the only definitive surgical treatment was performed in the day-surgery regimen; 40 patients with positive sentinel nodes were hospitalised a second time for axillary dissection. In these patients that needed clearance of the axilla, SLNB was performed on the only positive node in 22 cases (55%). None of the patients admitted for quadrantectomy and SLNB in day surgery required re-hospitalisation after discharge. All patients proved to be fully satisfied with early discharge from hospital when questioned on the occasion of subsequent monitoring. Short-stay surgical programs in early invasive breast cancer treatment are feasible today owing to the availability of less invasive approaches such as quadrantectomy and SLNB. There are two main pointers to a distinct advantage for this kind of approach, i.e. recovery and psychological adjustment. Recovery from surgery is faster and the patient tends to play down the seriousness of the operation and to have a better mental attitude to neoplastic disease. Moreover, when performing quadrantectomy with SLNB in day surgery fewer than 50% of breast cancer patients (40% in our experience) require another surgical treatment, concluding the surgery in a single session. PMID:18019641

  3. Surgical treatment of the nasolabial angle in balanced rhinoplasty.

    PubMed

    Honrado, Carlo P; Pearlman, Steven J

    2003-01-01

    Nasal analysis and surgical planning are crucial for a successful, aesthetically pleasing rhinoplasty. One of the key parameters for evaluation is the nasolabial angle. The nasal spine, caudal septum, and medial crura of the lower lateral cartilages provide the framework for this area. Alteration of these structures, as well as nasal tip rotation and projection, may affect the resultant nasolabial angle, length of the upper lip, and overall harmony of the nose. Fullness at the nasolabial junction caused by a pushing philtrum may also result in an unbalanced appearance. The literature is replete with methods for categorizing the nasal tip and with recommendations for surgical treatment. Treatment of the caudal septum and nasal spine is often an afterthought that is left up to the aesthetic judgment of the surgeon. To make this a more systematic decision, in 1990 we devised a classification for analysis and treatment of this area. This study included the length of the nose, the nasolabial angle, and the presence of a pushing philtrum, with suggested treatment to allow proper tip placement and to provide aesthetic balance to the nose. The only modification was in the order of presentation of nasal types. Since that publication, the senior author has consistently followed these guidelines and has found them to be a reliable tool in creating a harmonious result in rhinoplasty. PMID:12873873

  4. Surgical treatment of early onset scoliosis in neurofibromatosis.

    PubMed

    Greggi, Tiziana; Martikos, Konstantinos

    2012-01-01

    Case series report of twenty-three patients, aged between 4 and 11 years, were surgically treated at the Authors' Spine Surgery Division in the past 15 years. Mean follow-up is 5 years (range, 18 months to 15 years). Mean age at the time of surgical procedure was 9.1 years (range, 4 years to 11 years). Average scoliosis was 48° (range, 38° to 82°) and skeletal maturity according to Risser sign was 0 in all of the patients. Patients were divided into 2 Groups according to the surgical procedure adopted. Posterior only instrumentation was performed in 16 patients that presented with a thoracic kyphosis lower than 50° (Group A), in the remaining 7 patients showing thoracic kyphosis exceeding 50°, combined anterior and posterior instrumented arthrodesis was performed (Group B). One patient, belonging to Group A, was instrumented with growing rod without fusion. Average correction of scoliosis was 60%, overall complication rate 24% and major 7%. Crankshaft phenomenon was observed in 21% (Group A): in these cases, anterior arthrodesis was performed after a mean 15-month from first surgical procedure. Fusion failure was observed in 1 (Group B) patient who underwent revision of posterior instrumentation. Clinical and radiographic evaluation at F-up showed good outcome in terms of deformity progression and quality of life. Early and aggressive surgery is the most effective management for dystrophic curves in neurofibromatosis has been proven to be. Our experience confirms the need for spinal stabilization even in pediatric age in rapidly progressive spinal deformities. PMID:22744522

  5. Paravalvular Regurgitation: Clinical Outcomes in Surgical and Percutaneous Treatments

    PubMed Central

    Pinheiro, Carlos Passos; Rezek, Daniele; Costa, Eduardo Paiva; de Carvalho, Edvagner Sergio Leite; Moscoso, Freddy Antonio Brito; Taborga, Percy Richard Chavez; Jeronimo, Andreia Dias; Abizaid, Alexandre Antonio Cunha; Ramos, Auristela Isabel de Oliveira

    2016-01-01

    Background Paravalvular regurgitation (paravalvular leak) is a serious and rare complication associated with valve replacement surgery. Studies have shown a 3% to 6% incidence of paravalvular regurgitation with hemodynamic repercussion. Few studies have compared surgical and percutaneous approaches for repair. Objectives To compare the surgical and percutaneous approaches for paravalvular regurgitation repair regarding clinical outcomes during hospitalization and one year after the procedure. Methods This is a retrospective, descriptive and observational study that included 35 patients with paravalvular leak, requiring repair, and followed up at the Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology between January 2011 and December 2013. Patients were divided into groups according to the established treatment and followed up for 1 year after the procedure. Results The group submitted to percutaneous treatment was considered to be at higher risk for complications because of the older age of patients, higher prevalence of diabetes, greater number of previous valve surgeries and lower mean creatinine clearance value. During hospitalization, both groups had a large number of complications (74.3% of cases), with no statistical difference in the analyzed outcomes. After 1 year, the percutaneous group had a greater number of re-interventions (8.7% vs 20%, p = 0.57) and a higher mortality rate (0% vs. 20%, p = 0.08). A high incidence of residual mitral leak was observed after the percutaneous procedure (8.7% vs. 50%, p = 0.08). Conclusion Surgery is the treatment of choice for paravalvular regurgitation. The percutaneous approach can be an alternative for patients at high surgical risk. PMID:27305109

  6. POSTEROSUPERIOR SURGICAL ACCESS ROUTE FOR TREATMENT OF ACROMIOCLAVICULAR DISLOCATIONS: RESULTS FROM 84 SURGICAL CASES

    PubMed Central

    Dal Molin, Danilo Canesin; Ribeiro, Fabiano Rebouças; Filho, Rômulo Brasil; Filardi, Cantídio Salvador; Tenor, Antonio Carlos; Stipp, Willian Nandi; Petros, Rodrigo Souto Borges

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the results from surgical treatment of 84 cases of acute acromioclavicular dislocation, using a posterosuperior access route. Methods: Eighty-four cases of acute acromioclavicular dislocation (grade III in the Allman-Tossy classification) operated between November 2002 and May 2010 were evaluated. The patients’ mean age was 34 years. The diagnoses were made using clinical and radiographic evaluations. The patients were operated by the same surgical team, within three weeks of the date of the trauma, using a posterosuperior approach to the shoulder to access the top of the base of the coracoid process for placement of two anchors, which were used in reducing the dislocation. The minimum follow-up was 12 months. The postoperative clinical-radiographic evaluation was done using the modified Karlsson criteria and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score. Results: 92.8% of the 84 patients treated presented good or excellent results, and 7.2% presented fair or poor results, using the UCLA assessment score. According to the modified Karlsson criteria, 76.2% were assessed as grade A, 17.9% as grade B and 5.9% as grade C. Conclusion: The posterosuperior access route to the shoulder is a new option for accessing the coracoid process and treating acromioclavicular dislocation, with clinical and radiographic results equivalent to those in the literature. PMID:27047866

  7. Prosthetic heart valve obstruction: thrombolysis or surgical treatment?

    PubMed Central

    Lampropoulos, Konstantinos; Barbetseas, John

    2012-01-01

    Prosthetic valve thrombosis is a potentially life-threatening complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. Transthorasic and transoesophageal echocardiography play an important role to the diagnosis and provides incremental information about the optimal treatment strategy, while fluoroscopy and cardiac computed tomography may be of added value. Guidelines differ on whether surgical treatment or fibrinolysis should be the treatment of choice for the management of left-sided prosthetic valve thrombosis and these uncertainties underline the need for further prospective randomized controlled trials. Thrombus size, New York Heart Association functional class of the patient, the possible contraindications, the availability of each therapeutic option and the clinician’s experience are important determinants for the management of prosthetic valve thrombosis. PMID:24062899

  8. Medical and Surgical Treatment Options for Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis.

    PubMed

    Corey, Kathleen E; Rinella, Mary E

    2016-05-01

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver disease in the USA with a growing prevalence worldwide. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), progressive form of NAFLD, can lead to the development of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and the need for liver transplantation. Treatment of NASH may decrease the risk of progressive disease. Treatment for NAFLD should center around weight loss and exercise. Pharmacotherapy with vitamin E and pioglitazone should be considered for those with NASH, especially those with fibrosis. Weight loss surgery is also an effective treatment for NASH in individuals with other indications for surgery. In this review, we will discuss the currently available therapies for NASH including lifestyle, pharmacologic, and surgical options. PMID:26942734

  9. Surgical treatment of 32 cases of long-term atopic keratoconjunctivitis using the amniotic membrane

    PubMed Central

    Yang, J; Yang, F-h; Peng, C-H; Erol, D; Tsang, S H; Li, X-r

    2013-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the use of surgical treatment with amniotic membrane for long-term atopic keratoconjunctivitis. Damaged corneas were repaired with various techniques: amniotic membrane transplantations, amniotic membrane coverings, amniotic membrane fillings (AMFs), and amniotic membrane inlay fillings, the latter of which were combined with glycerol-preserved corneal transplants. Methods This retrospective study was conducted on 37 eyes belonging to 37 patients with atopic keratoconjunctivitis. Thirty-two patients were classified into four groups according to surgical technique. Five patients undergoing medical management served as controls. Surgical outcome was measured by recovery time and long-term visual improvement. Results In all surgical eyes, integrity of ocular tissues was effectively restored and symptoms were reduced at 24.4±13 days post recovery. Mean best-corrected visual acuity improved from 0.6±0.2 to 0.198±0.16 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (P<0.001). There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications, with the exception of two recurring cases, both controlled by medication. Recovery time of the control groups lasted 52±16 days. In controls, mean best-corrected visual acuity improved from 0.74±0.15 to 0.54±0.29 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (P≤0.05). The vision improvement has significant difference for surgical treatment vs medical. (Mann–Whitney U-test, U=119, P<0.05, one tailed).Vision improvements remained stable during a mean follow-up period of 21.7±3.8 months. Conclusion Patients suffering from severe chronic atopic keratoconjunctivitis and its complications can benefit from suitable surgical treatments: transplants, covers, fillings, or corneal graft surgeries supplemented with AMFs. PMID:23949491

  10. Long-term survival of a patient with lung cancer metastasis to the spine following surgical treatment combined with radiation and epithelial growth factor receptor inhibitor therapy: A case report

    PubMed Central

    XU, SONGFENG; YU, XIUCHUN; XU, MING

    2015-01-01

    The prognosis of patients with lung cancer metastasis to the spine is poor, and the choice of surgery is questionable based on the aggressiveness of the disease. The present study describes a case of a 56-year-old male with metastatic spinal cord compression. The patient underwent surgery for posterior decompression and internal fixation, in addition to receiving postoperative radiation and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor medication. After 24 months, positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan showed a reduction in the left upper lobe mass in the short axis and inactivation of the neoplasm in the left upper lobe and T9 vertebra. Based on these promising results, it is suggested that orthopedic oncologists consider the combination of radiation and EGFR inhibitor therapy with surgery for the treatment of lung cancer metastasis to the spine. PMID:25452785

  11. [Results of surgical treatment of generalized emphysema of the lungs].

    PubMed

    Iaitskiĭ, N A; Varlamov, V V; Gorbunkov, S D; Akopov, A L; Chernyĭ, S M; Lukina, O V; Chermenskiĭ, A G; Gembitskaia, T E

    2014-01-01

    An analysis of examination and treatment results was made in 123 patients with generalized emphysema of the lungs and respiratory failure of II-III degree. The patients were divided into two groups according to the age: younger than 40 years old (group A - 9 patients),40 years old and older (group B - 114). A surgical reduction of lung volume was performed to correct the respiratory failure in 69 patients. The rate of postoperative complications consisted of 14.7% in group A and it was 42.2% in group B. PMID:25055526

  12. [A case of surgical resection of a combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma after transarterial chemoembolization].

    PubMed

    Yakoshi, Yuta; Toyoki, Yoshikazu; Ishido, Keinosuke; Kudo, Daisuke; Kimura, Norihisa; Wakiya, Taiichi; Hakamada, Kenichi

    2013-11-01

    A 48-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for the treatment of a liver tumor (diameter, 10 cm), which was detected by abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography. The tumor occupied mainly the left medial segment and caudate lobe, invaded the left and right hepatic arteries, and obstructed the left portal vein. The tumor was diagnosed as an unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and chemotherapy (a combination of gemcitabine and S-1) was initiated. Because the tumor continued to grow despite the chemotherapy, we performed transarterial chemoembolization(TACE)as a second-line treatment, which successfully reduced tumor size to 7 cm. Thereafter, surgical resection was performed. Histopathological examination indicated the presence of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, which formed the main component, combined with hepatocellular carcinoma. This tumor was diagnosed as a combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma. Although adjuvant chemotherapy was not administered because of prolonged pancytopenia, currently, at 5 years after the operation, the patient is alive and has not experienced any recurrence. PMID:24393926

  13. Surgical mistake causing an high recto-vaginal fistula. A case report with combined surgical and endoscopic approach: therapeutic considerations

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Rectovaginal fistulas (RVFs) have multiple causes, size and location on which the surgical treatment depends. Description The Authors consider different approaches to RVFs and describe a clinical case of recurrent high RVF. Conclusions Most RVFs can be successfully repaired, although many interventions may be necessary. A colostomy with delayed repair may improve RVFs outcome. Moreover, several authors indicate Mucosal Advancement Flap and Babcock-Bacon technique as the treatments of choice respectively for low and high RVFs (complex and recurrent) and emphasize the placement of endoscopic prothesis in cases of difficult healing of the anastomosis. PMID:24266908

  14. Surgical Treatment of Pathological Fractures Occurring at the Proximal Femur

    PubMed Central

    Choy, Won-Sik; Lee, Sang Ki; Yang, Dae Suk; Jeung, Sang Wook; Choi, Han Gyul; Park, Hyun Jong

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To analyze the results of surgical treatment for pathological fractures at the proximal femur. Materials and Methods Nineteen patients with a pathological fracture were included. The mean age was 65.7 years old. The patients comprised 8 males and 11 females. Primary tumors, types of pathological fractures, surgical procedures, and postoperative complications were recorded. Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) functional score was used for functional evaluation. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to determine survival rate. Results The primary malignancies were 6 cases of breast cancer, 3 cases of lung cancer, 3 cases of renal cell carcinoma, 2 cases of cholangiocarcinoma, 2 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, 1 case of esophageal cancer, 1 case of colon cancer, and 1 case of ovarian cancer. Pathological fractures included 8 cases of pertrochanteric fractures and 11 cases of subtrochanteric fractures. Intramedullary nailing was performed in 10 cases, and joint replacement surgery was performed in 9 cases. Postoperative complications included local recurrence in 1 case, infection in 1 case, and nail breakage in 1 case. The mean postoperative MSTS score was 21. The mean survival period was 10.6 months. Patient survival rates were 42.1% after 6 months, 26.3% after 12 months, and 10.5% after 24 months. Conclusion Surgical treatment of pathological fractures at the proximal femur provided early ambulation, and excellent pain relief. The surgery was well tolerated emotionally. Surgery is necessary for improving the quality of life in such patients; however, more cases of pathological fractures in these regions should be subjected to detailed analysis. PMID:25683996

  15. [SURGICAL TREATMENT OF POSTOPERATIVE STRICTURE OF ANAL CHANNELL].

    PubMed

    Shevchuk, I M; Sadoviy, I Ya; Novytskiy, O V

    2015-09-01

    The results of treatment of 50 patients, suffering postoperative stricture of anal channell (SACH), who were treated in Proctology Department of Ivano-Frankivskiy Rural Clinical Hospital in 2006-2014 yrs, were analyzed. After conduction of hemorrhoidectomy in accordance to Milligan-Morgan method for chronic hemorrhoids grades III-IV a SACH have occurred in 46 (92%) patients, excision of a chronic anal fissura was performed in 3 (6%) and excision of perianal pointed condylomas--in 1 patient. In 2006-2007 yrs 11 (22%) patients were operated in accordance to approaches, which were conventional at that time (comparison group). In 2008 - 2014 yrs 39 (78%) patients were admitted to hospital (main group), in whom new approaches for diagnosis, conservative and surgical treatment were applied, 30 (76.9%) of them were operated. The proposed method on isolated roentgen contrast investigation of anal channell have permitted to determine objectively a form, diameter and grade of the anal channel stricture, and it may be applied as a screening procedure, as additional objective criterion while choosing a surgical tactic. Application of the improved operative technique for SACH have permitted to lower its occurrence rate from 45.4 to 6.7%. PMID:26817078

  16. Current surgical treatment strategies for hepatocellular carcinoma in North America.

    PubMed

    Khan, Adeel S; Fowler, Kathryn J; Chapman, William C

    2014-11-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive tumor that often occurs in the setting of chronic liver disease. Many patients do not initially manifest any symptoms of HCC and present late when cure with surgical resection or transplantation is no longer possible. For this reason, patients at high risk for developing HCC are subjected to frequent screening processes. The surgical management of HCC is complex and requires an inter-disciplinary approach. Hepatic resection is the treatment of choice for HCC in patients without cirrhosis and is indicated in some patients with early cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A). Liver transplantation has emerged in the past decade as the standard of care for patients with cirrhosis and HCC meeting Milan criteria and in select patients with HCC beyond Milan criteria. Loco-regional therapy with transarterial chemoembolization, transarterial embolization, radiofrequency ablation and other similar local treatments can be used as neo-adjuvant therapy to downstage HCC to within Milan criteria or as a bridge to transplantation in patients on transplant wait list. PMID:25386049

  17. Failure of surgical treatment in methamphetamine body-stuffers.

    PubMed

    Bahrami-Motlagh, Hooman; Hassanian-Moghaddam, Hossein; Behnam, Behdad; Arab-Ahmadi, Mehran

    2015-05-01

    Body stuffing is defined as ingestion of unpackaged or packaged illicit drugs in a quick process. The drugs have usually been wrapped loosely in cellophane, plastic bags, paper, or aluminum foil. Methamphetamine toxicity is a dangerous state that occurs during methamphetamine leakage from the ingested packages in the gastrointestinal tract. This is usually occurring with cocaine and heroin, but methamphetamine body stuffing may less commonly happen, as well. Accordingly, management of methamphetamine body-stuffers is an important subject that has remained a controversy in clinical and legal aspects. We have reported two body-stuffer cases who underwent exploratory laparotomy. Although surgery was done, it was not useful to exit packs and even led to severe methamphetamine toxicity. These cases show that surgical treatment may be ineffective and even harmful in body-stuffers. On the other hand, this report suggests that pre and post-operation abdominal CT-scan is necessary for evaluating surgical treatment in patients who are still symptomatic. PMID:25882154

  18. Surgical advances in the treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis

    PubMed Central

    Canavese, Federico; Rousset, Marie; Le Gledic, Benoit; Samba, Antoine; Dimeglio, Alain

    2014-01-01

    Neuromuscular disorders are a group of diseases affecting the neuro-musculo-skeletal system. Children with neuromuscular disorders frequently develop progressive spinal deformities with cardio-respiratory compromise in the most severe cases. The incidence of neuromuscular scoliosis is variable, inversely correlated with ambulatory abilities and with a reported risk ranging from 80% to 100% in non-ambulatory patients. As surgical and peri-operative techniques have improved, more severely affected children with complex neuromuscular deformities and considerable co-morbidities are now believed to be candidates for extensive surgery for spinal deformity. This article aimed to provide a comprehensive review of how neuromuscular spinal deformities can affect normal spine balance and how these deformities can be treated with segmental instrumentation and sub-laminar devices. Older concepts have been integrated with newer scientific data to provide the reader with a basis for better understanding of how treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis has evolved over the past few decades. Recent advances, as well as challenges that remain to be overcome, in the surgical treatment of neuromuscular curves with sub-laminar devices and in the management of post-operative infections are outlined. PMID:24829875

  19. Surgical treatment of painful lesions of the inferior alveolar nerve.

    PubMed

    Biglioli, Federico; Allevi, Fabiana; Lozza, Alessandro

    2015-10-01

    Nerve-related complications are being reported with increasing frequency following oral and dental surgery, and typically involve the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). We assess herein the etiology of neuropathic pain related to IAN injuries, and describe the various surgical treatment techniques available. Between 2007 and 2013, 19 patients were referred to the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of San Paolo Hospital (Milan, Italy) with pain in the area supplied by the IAN, which developed following endodontic treatment, oral surgery and maxillofacial surgery. All patients underwent IAN surgery by several different microsurgical procedures. Most of the patients affected by pain before surgery experienced complete or partial amelioration of symptoms. All patients receiving sural nerve grafts were pain-free 12 months after surgery. In five patients the operation was unsuccessful. In 78.94% of cases, a significant increase in nerve function was observed. Pain following IAN surgical damage may be addressed by microsurgery; nerve substitution with a sural nerve interpositional graft appears to represent the most efficacious procedure. Scar releasing, nerve decompression and nerve substitution using vein grafts are less effective. Removal of endodontic material extravasated into the mandibular canal is mandatory and effective in patients experiencing severe pain. Surgery should be performed within 12 months postoperatively, ideally during the first few weeks after symptoms onset. PMID:26315275

  20. Surgical treatment for nasal polyposis: predictors of outcome.

    PubMed

    Grgić, Marko Velimir; Ćupić, Hrvoje; Kalogjera, Livije; Baudoin, Tomislav

    2015-12-01

    Nasal polyps recur in approximately one-third of patients after surgical treatment. It would be beneficial to be able to predict the patients in whom we might expect recurrence and to predict the clinical outcome after surgery. The study included 30 patients operated for nasal polyps. Removed polyps were analyzed by immunohistochemical analysis for IL-5, IgE, vascular endothelial growth factor and eosinophilic infiltration. These parameters together with preoperative CT score were used as independent variables, and subjective score improvement after 2 years was used as a dependent variable in multiple linear regression analysis. Furthermore, the patients were divided into two groups: low and high polyp tissue immunoreactivity. The Chi-squared test was used to determine whether polyp immunoreactivity influences polyp recurrence and subjective score. Preoperative CT score had a slightly positive correlation with subjective score after 2 years. High eosinophil infiltration significantly predicted a higher risk for polyp recurrence. High IL-5 positivity was related to greater risk for polyp recurrence than low IL-5 reactivity but not significantly. IgE and VEGF reactivity in polyp specimens did not have any effect on polyp recurrence. High eosinophilic infiltration in polyps can predict worse outcome after surgical treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis. IgE and VEGF do not have prognostic significance to polyp recurrence after surgery. The preoperative extent of disease measured by CT score had a slightly positive correlation with worse outcome after surgery. PMID:25634061

  1. Emerging technology in surgical education: combining real-time augmented reality and wearable computing devices.

    PubMed

    Ponce, Brent A; Menendez, Mariano E; Oladeji, Lasun O; Fryberger, Charles T; Dantuluri, Phani K

    2014-11-01

    The authors describe the first surgical case adopting the combination of real-time augmented reality and wearable computing devices such as Google Glass (Google Inc, Mountain View, California). A 66-year-old man presented to their institution for a total shoulder replacement after 5 years of progressive right shoulder pain and decreased range of motion. Throughout the surgical procedure, Google Glass was integrated with the Virtual Interactive Presence and Augmented Reality system (University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama), enabling the local surgeon to interact with the remote surgeon within the local surgical field. Surgery was well tolerated by the patient and early surgical results were encouraging, with an improvement of shoulder pain and greater range of motion. The combination of real-time augmented reality and wearable computing devices such as Google Glass holds much promise in the field of surgery. PMID:25361359

  2. Variation in use of non-surgical treatments among osteoarthritis patients in orthopaedic practice in the Netherlands

    PubMed Central

    Hofstede, Stefanie N; Vliet Vlieland, Thea P M; van den Ende, Cornelia H M; Nelissen, Rob G H H; Marang-van de Mheen, Perla J; van Bodegom-Vos, Leti

    2015-01-01

    Objectives National and international evidence-based guidelines for hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) recommend to start with non-surgical treatments, followed by surgical intervention if a patient does not respond sufficiently to non-surgical treatments, but there are indications that these are not optimally used. The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which all recommended non-surgical treatments were used by patients with hip or knee OA who receive(d) a total hip or knee replacement, as reported by patients and orthopaedic surgeons. Setting We performed two cross-sectional internet-based surveys among patients and orthopaedic surgeons throughout the Netherlands. Participants 195 OA patients either have undergone total knee arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty no longer than 12 months ago or being on the waiting list for surgery with a confirmed date within 3 months and 482 orthopaedic surgeons were invited to participate. Primary and secondary outcome measures The use of recommended non-surgical treatments including education about OA/treatment options, lifestyle advice, dietary therapy, physical therapy, acetaminophen, NSAIDs and glucocorticoid injections. Results 174 OA patients (93%) and 172 orthopaedic surgeons (36%) completed the surveys. Most recommended non-surgical treatments were given to the majority of patients (eg, 80% education about OA, 73% physical therapy, 72% acetaminophen, 80% NSAIDs). However, only 6% of patients and 10% of orthopaedic surgeons reported using a combination of all recommended treatments. Dietary therapy was used least frequently. Only 11% of overweight and 30% of obese participants reported having received dietary therapy and 28% of orthopaedic surgeons reported to prescribe dietary therapy to overweight patients. Conclusions While most recommended non-surgical treatments were used frequently as single therapy, the combination is used in only a small percentage of OA patients. Especially, use of dietary therapy

  3. Treatment of Glioma Using neuroArm Surgical System

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    The use of robotic technology in the surgical treatment of brain tumour promises increased precision and accuracy in the performance of surgery. Robotic manipulators may allow superior access to narrow surgical corridors compared to freehand or conventional neurosurgery. This paper reports values and ranges of tool-tissue interaction forces during the performance of glioma surgery using an MR compatible, image-guided neurosurgical robot called neuroArm. The system, capable of microsurgery and stereotaxy, was used in the surgical resection of glioma in seven cases. neuroArm is equipped with force sensors at the end-effector allowing quantification of tool-tissue interaction forces and transmits force of dissection to the surgeon sited at a remote workstation that includes a haptic interface. Interaction forces between the tool tips and the brain tissue were measured for each procedure, and the peak forces were quantified. Results showed maximum and minimum peak force values of 2.89 N (anaplastic astrocytoma, WHO grade III) and 0.50 N (anaplastic oligodendroglioma, WHO grade III), respectively, with the mean of peak forces varying from case to case, depending on type of the glioma. Mean values of the peak forces varied in range of 1.27 N (anaplastic astrocytoma, WHO grade III) to 1.89 N (glioblastoma with oligodendroglial component, WHO grade IV). In some cases, ANOVA test failed to reject the null hypothesis of equality in means of the peak forces measured. However, we could not find a relationship between forces exerted to the pathological tissue and its size, type, or location. PMID:27314044

  4. Outcome of surgical treatment of intestinal perforation in typhoid fever

    PubMed Central

    Sümer, Aziz; Kemik, Özgür; Dülger, Ahmet Cumhur; Olmez, Aydemir; Hasirci, Ismail; Kişli, Erol; Bayrak, Vedat; Bulut, Gulay; Kotan, Çetin

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To represent our clinical experience in the treatment of intestinal perforation arising from typhoid fever. METHODS: The records of 22 surgically-treated patients with typhoid intestinal perforation were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: There were 18 males and 4 females, mean age 37 years (range, 8-64 years). Presenting symptoms were fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation. Sixteen cases were subjected to segmental resection and end-to-end anastomosis, while 3 cases received 2-layered primary repair following debridement, one case with multiple perforations received 2-layered primary repair and end ileostomy, one case received segmental resection and end-to-end anastomosis followed by an end ileostomy, and one case received segmental resection and end ileostomy with mucous fistula operation. Postoperative morbidity was seen in 5 cases and mortality was found in one case. CONCLUSION: Intestinal perforation resulting from Salmonella typhi is an important health problem in Eastern and Southeastern Turkey. In management of this illness, early and appropriate surgical intervention is vital. PMID:20806433

  5. Clinical outcome of surgical treatment for periorbital basal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Kakudo, Natsuko; Ogawa, Yutaka; Suzuki, Kenji; Kushida, Satoshi; Kusumoto, Kenji

    2009-11-01

    Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has a predilection for the periorbital region, which is a special, prominent, cosmetic, functional area to protect the eyeball. For squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma, extensive resection with reconstruction is performed. In contrast, for BCC, resection is often confined to a small to medium-sized area, necessitating higher-quality reconstructive surgery. We analyze the surgical outcomes of treatment for periorbital BCC, and evaluate reconstruction method after resection. Forty-nine patients with periorbital BCC had surgery in our hospital over 20 years. Age, gender of the patients, and size, localization, and histology of the tumor, and surgical procedures, and their early and late complications were analyzed retrospectively. BCC was most frequently occurred in the lower lid (55%), followed by inner canthus (19%), upper lid (17%), and outer canthus (9%). The histologic classifications were solid (80%), morphea (7%), mix (7%), superficial (2%), keratotic (2%), and adenoid (2%). Recurrence of the tumor was observed in 2 advanced cases in patients treated with resection of the tumor including surrounding tissue 5 mm from the margin. A rotation advancement cheek flap procedure was most frequently applied. Horizontal shift of the skin was most effective to prevent postoperative lagophthalmos. BCC occurred most frequently in the lower lid within the periorbital area. Rotation advancement of cheek flap with horizontal shift of the skin is most effective procedure in both appearance and function of the eyelid. PMID:19801921

  6. Cost-effectiveness in the surgical treatments for trigeminal neuralgia.

    PubMed

    Fransen, Patrick

    2012-09-01

    Increasing costs of healthcare call for rational approaches based on cost-effectiveness of the surgical procedures. When treating trigeminal neuralgia, therapeutic options vary widely as does their cost. We have compared microvascular decompression (MVD), radiofrequency rhizotomy (RFR), percutaneous balloon compression of the Gasser ganglion (PBC) and gamma knife rhizotomy (GKR) for length of stay, cost of the stay, of the procedure, of disposable material and of specific hospital investments. This was compared to the immediate and long-term (>5 years) efficacy of the procedures. The evaluated total cost were 1,014 for PBC and RFR, 3,360 for MVD with a 2-day hospital stay, 4,560 for MVD with a 5-day hospital stay, and 3,424 for GKR. In addition, RFR requires investing in a generator (10,000 ) and GKR requires a gamma knife suite (3,000,000 ). MVD, PBC and RFR allow immediate relief of the pain, GKS having a more progressive effect. Long-term results, however, are comparable, all techniques having at least a 25% recurrence rate between 5 and 10 years postoperatively. Although all surgical techniques allow pain relief in trigeminal neuralgia, from an economical point of view, percutaneous techniques are more cost-effective than MVD and GKR. They should be considered as the first therapeutical option, keeping the more expensive procedures for percutaneous treatment failures or for medically justified indications. PMID:22684920

  7. Institutional Variation in the Surgical Treatment of Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Greenberg, Caprice C.; Lipsitz, Stuart R.; Hughes, Melissa E.; Edge, Stephen B.; Theriault, Richard; Wilson, John L.; Carter, W. Bradford; Blayney, Douglas W.; Niland, Joyce; Weeks, Jane C.

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between supply of subspecialty care and type of procedure preferentially performed for early stage breast cancer. Background Three surgical options exist for early stage breast cancer: (1) breast conserving surgery (BCS), (2) mastectomy with reconstruction (RECON), and (3) mastectomy alone. Current guidelines recommend that surgical treatment decisions should be based on patient preference if a patient is eligible for all 3. However, studies demonstrate persistent variation in the use of BCS and RECON. Methods Patients undergoing an operation for DCIS or stage I or II breast cancer at NCCN institutions between 2000 and 2006 were identified. Institutional procedure rates were determined. Spearman correlations measured the association between procedure types. Patient-level logistic regression models investigated predictors of procedure type and association with institutional supply of subspecialty care. Results Among 10,607 patients, 19% had mastectomy alone, 60% BCS, and 21% RECON. The institutional rate of BCS and RECON were strongly correlated (r = −0.80, P = 0.02). Institution was more important than all patient factors except age in predicting receipt of RECON or BCS. RECON was more likely for patients treated at an institution with a greater supply of reconstructive surgeons or where patients live further from radiation facilities. RECON was less likely at institutions with longer waiting times for surgery with reconstruction. Conclusions Even within the NCCN, a consortium of multidisciplinary cancer centers, the use of BCS and mastectomy with reconstruction substantially varies by institution and correlates with the supply of subspecialty care. PMID:21725233

  8. An Alternative Surgical Method for Treatment of Osteoid Osteoma

    PubMed Central

    Gökalp, Mehmet Ata; Gözen, Abdurrahim; Ünsal, Seyyid Şerif; Önder, Haci; Güner, Savaş

    2016-01-01

    Background An osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that tends to be <1 cm in size. The tumor is characterized by night-time pain that may be relieved by aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Osteoid osteoma can be treated with various conservative and surgical methods, but these have some risks and difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to present an alternative treatment method for osteoid osteoma and the results we obtained. Material/Methods In the period from 2010 to 2014, 10 patients with osteoid osteoma underwent nidus excision by using a safe alternative method in an operating room (OR) with no computed tomography (CT). The localization of the tumor was determined by use of a CT-guided Kirschner wire in the radiology unit, then, in the OR the surgical intervention was performed without removing the Kirschner wire. Results Following the alternative intervention, all the patients were completely relieved of pain. In the follow-up, no recurrence or complication occurred. Conclusions The presented alternative method for treating osteoid osteoma is an efficient and practical procedure for surgeons working in clinics that lack specialized equipment. PMID:26898923

  9. Surgical management of vestibular schwannomas after failed radiation treatment.

    PubMed

    Nonaka, Yoichi; Fukushima, Takanori; Watanabe, Kentaro; Friedman, Allan H; Cunningham, Calhoun D; Zomorodi, Ali R

    2016-04-01

    Increasing numbers of patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) have been treated with focused-beam stereotactic radiation treatment (SRT) including Gamma knife, CyberKnife, X-knife, Novalis, or proton beam therapy. The purpose of this study was to document the incidence of tumor regrowth or symptoms that worsened or first developed following SRT and to discuss surgical strategies for patients who have failed SRT for VS. A consecutive series of 39 patients with SRT failed VS were surgically treated. Clinical symptoms, tumor regrowth at follow-up, intraoperative findings, and surgical outcome were evaluated. There were 15 males and 24 females with a mean age of 51.8 years. Thirty-six patients (92.3 %) demonstrated steady tumor growth after SRT. Two (5.1 %) patients with slight increase of the mass underwent surgical resection because of development of unbearable facial pain. Symptoms that worsened or newly developed following SRT in this series were deafness (41 %), dizziness (35.9 %), facial numbness (25.6 %), tinnitus (20.5 %), facial nerve palsy (7.7 %), and facial pain (7.7 %). Intraoperative findings demonstrated fibrous changes of the tumor mass, cyst formation, and brownish-yellow or purple discoloration of the tumor capsule. Severe adhesions between the tumor capsule and cranial nerves, vessels, and the brainstem were observed in 69.2 %. Additionally, the facial nerve was more fragile and irritable in all cases. Gross total resection (GTR) was achieved in 33.3 % of patients, near-total resection (NTR) in 35.9 %, and subtotal resection (STR) in 30.8 % of patients. New facial nerve palsy was seen in seven patients (19.4 %) postoperatively. Our findings suggest that patients with VS who fail SRT with either tumor progression or worsening of clinical symptoms will have an increased rate of adhesions to the neurovascular structures and may have radiation-influenced neuromalacia. Salvage surgery of radiation-failed tumors is more difficult and will

  10. [Surgical treatment of lung cancer complicated by pleural effusion].

    PubMed

    Iaitskiĭ, N A; Akopov, A L; Egorov, V I; Deĭneka, I V; Chistiakov, I V

    2012-01-01

    The authors made a retrospective analysis of 51 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer with pleural effusion, not associated with tumor lesion of pleural leaves. Out of 51 operated patients 45 (88%) proved to be resectable. Among 45 patients (20 pneumonectomies, 24 lobectomies and 1 bilobectomy) combined interventions were fulfilled in 15 patients. In 27 (60%) out of 45 patients there was an injury of mediastinal lymph nodes, in 13 (29%)--intrapulmonary and root nodes. Complicated course of the postoperative period was noted in 27% of patients, lethality was 2%. One year survival after resection was 86%, three and five year survival was 54% and 30% respectively. The indices of survival reliably depended on the degree of lymphogenic dissemination. The presence of pleural effusion can not be a reason for refusal to fulfill radical surgical intervention. PMID:23488256

  11. Surgical treatment after a failed trapeziectomy: A case report.

    PubMed

    Goorens, C K; Van Schaik, D E C; Goubau, J F

    2015-09-01

    Several treatment options exist to surgically treat end-stage trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis. Trapeziectomy is recognized as leading to a mostly acceptable functional outcome. Although rarely encountered, persisting failure of the trapeziectomy is difficult to address. We present a case where several procedures were subsequently performed to treat a failed trapeziectomy condition. First, a trapeziometacarpal prosthesis (Arpe(®), Biomet(®)) was inserted with the two components reversed: the cup in the first metacarpal and the stem in the scaphoid. This prevented normal mobility and resulted in a non-functional, chronically painful joint. Revision arthroplasty was performed with a dual-mobility component (Ebony(®), Stryker(®)), replacing the trapezium to articulate with the first metacarpal and the scaphoid. This restored the first column's length but led to prosthesis instability only 4 months after implantation. Finally, first column arthrodesis with iliac bone graft interposed between the first metacarpal and scaphoid achieved an acceptable outcome. PMID:26204826

  12. Surgical treatment of melanoma in pregnancy: a practical guideline.

    PubMed

    Crisan, Diana; Treiber, Nicolai; Kull, Thomas; Widschwendter, Peter; Adolph, Oliver; Schneider, Lars Alexander

    2016-06-01

    A tumor primarily requiring surgical treatment, newly diagnosed or preexisting melanoma during pregnancy is a clinical rarity. In such cases, the surgeon faces the challenge of having to decide on the appropriate therapeutic course of action. Based on our clinical experience and a review of the literature, we herein provide a guideline on how to practically deal with this rare clinical conundrum. In our experience, pregnant melanoma patients require thorough counseling with respect to their therapeutic options. They naturally tend to put their unborn child first, and are hesitant to consent to necessary surgery despite a potentially life-threatening diagnosis. It is therefore crucial to clearly inform these patients that - based on existing medical experience - pregnancy by itself is no reason to hold off on any type of necessary melanoma surgery. However, various parameters such as preoperative imaging procedures, positioning on the operating table, monitoring, anesthesia, and perioperative medication require certain adjustments in order to comply with this special situation. PMID:27240064

  13. Total ankle replacement – surgical treatment and rehabilitation

    PubMed Central

    Krogulec, Zbigniew; Turski, Piotr; Przepiórski, Emil; Małdyk, Paweł; Księżopolska-Orłowska, Krystyna

    2015-01-01

    Functions of the ankle joint are closely connected with the gait and ability to maintain an upright position. Degenerative lesions of the joint directly contribute to postural disorders and greatly restrict propulsion of the foot, thus leading to abnormal gait. Development of total ankle replacement is connected with the use of the method as an efficient treatment of joint injuries and continuation of achievements in hip and knee surgery. The total ankle replacement technique was introduced as an alternative to arthrodesis, i.e. surgical fixation, which made it possible to preserve joint mobility and to improve gait. Total ankle replacement is indicated in post-traumatic degenerative joint disease and joint destruction secondary to rheumatoid arthritis. In this paper, total ankle replacement and various types of currently used endoprostheses are discussed. The authors also describe principles of early postoperative rehabilitation as well as rehabilitation in the outpatient setting. PMID:27407223

  14. Advances in Surgical Treatment of Congenital Airway Disease.

    PubMed

    Ragalie, William S; Mitchell, Michael E

    2016-01-01

    Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is frequently present in infants and children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Infants with CHD and TBM appear to do worse than those without TBM. The principle of operative intervention for TBM is to improve function of the airway and clinical status. When indicated, conventional surgical options include tracheostomy, aortopexy, tracheoplasty, and anterior tracheal suspension. There is no consensus on the optimal treatment of severe tracheobonchomalacia, which can be associated with a mortality rate as high as 80%. Congenital tracheal stenosis is also frequently associated with CHD (vascular rings, atrioventricular canal defects, and septal defects) and may require concomitant repair. Repair of tracheal stenosis is often associated with distal TBM. This article addresses new techniques that can be performed in corrective surgery for both TBM and congenital tracheal stenosis. PMID:27568138

  15. Surgical treatment of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Tsoulfas, Georgios; Pramateftakis, Manousos Georgios; Kanellos, Ioannis

    2011-01-01

    Colorectal carcinoma is one of the most frequent cancers in Western societies with an incidence of around 700 per million people. About half of the patients develop metastases from the primary tumor and liver is the primary metastatic site. Improved survival rates after hepatectomy for metastatic colorectal cancer have been reported in the last few years and these may be the result of a variety of factors, such as advances in systemic chemotherapy, radiographic imaging techniques that permit more accurate determination of the extent and location of the metastatic burden, local ablation methods, and in surgical techniques of hepatic resection. These have led to a more aggressive approach towards liver metastatic disease, resulting in longer survival. The goal of this paper is to review the role of various forms of surgery in the treatment of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer. PMID:21267397

  16. [Modern technology in the surgical treatment of head injury sequelae].

    PubMed

    Potapov, A A; Kornienko, V N; Kravchuk, A D; Likhterman, L B; Okhlopkov, V A; Eolchiian, S A; Gavrilov, A G; Zakharova, N E; Iakovlev, S B; Shurkhaĭ, V A

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents main types of surgically relevant posttraumatic lesions in 4136 patients with skull vault as well as skull base defects, craniofacial deformities, recurrent CSF leaks, arterio-venous fistulas, aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms etc. Classification of TBI sequelae and complications as well as its clinical course grading is presented. The use of modern neuroimaging techniques for studying pathophysiologic mechanisms and complications of TBI has been demonstrated. Special emphasis was given to minimally invasive and reconstructive surgery; computer modeling with subsequent full-copy stereolitographic laser implant setup was shown which is of great importance in cases of large and complex skull base and craniofacial deformities. Patient selection for transcranial and endonasal CSF leak closure techniques was justified. Treatment of post-traumatic vascular injuries using Serbinenko balloon-catheters as well as modern techniques such as stents, coils and embolization has been demonstrated. PMID:23210170

  17. [Surgical treatment of refractory ascites with peritoneovenous shunt].

    PubMed

    Massari, R; Fulgente, R; Marinelli, S; Romessis, M

    1995-01-01

    Leveen and associates described a peritoneo-venous shunt which proved to be useful in patients with intractable ascites. Medical therapy, paracentesis and peritoneovenous shunt have been compared, but there is uncertainty about their relative merits. Therefore, the leveen device has be placed in last years in an increasing number of patients: it has not been shown by prospective trials to prolong survival significantly, although it may shorten hospitalization and improve the quality of life. A number of early and late complications were described but they do not influence the general results: origin and features of such complications are discussed as well as their prevention and treatment and personal cases are presented. Selection of patients and careful surgical procedure seems to be mandatory for better results. PMID:8706187

  18. Acute Left Arm Ischemia Associated with Floating Thrombus in the Proximal Descending Aorta: Combined Endovascular and Surgical Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Fanelli, F.; Gazzetti, M.; Boatta, E.; Ruggiero, M.; Lucatelli, P.; Speziale, F.

    2011-02-15

    Free floating thrombus in the proximal descending aorta is an uncommon and dangerous condition that can be associated with acute peripheral embolization. The few cases described were solved with surgical and/or medical therapy. We report the case of a patient with acute left arm ischemia secondary to the presence of floating thrombus in the proximal descending aorta extending into the left subclavian artery, solved with combined endovascular and surgical therapy. Treatment was successfully performed with thrombembolectomy combined with temporary deployment, into the descending aorta, of a Wallstent in a 'basket-fashion' to avoid distal embolization secondary to thrombus fragmentation. At 1 year follow-up the patient remained symptom-free.

  19. Endovascular and Surgical Treatment of Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: Assessment of Post-treatment Clinical Outcome

    PubMed Central

    ZOGOPOULOS, Panagiotis; NAKAMURA, Hajime; OZAKI, Tomohiko; ASAI, Katsunori; IMA, Hiroyuki; KIDANI, Tomoki; KADONO, Yoshinori; MURAKAMI, Tomoaki; FUJINAKA, Toshiyuki; YOSHIMINE, Toshiki

    2016-01-01

    Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are the most commonly encountered vascular malformation of the spinal cord and a treatable cause of progressive para- or tetraplegia. It is an elusive pathology that tends to be under-diagnosed, due to lack of awareness among clinicians, and affects males more commonly than females, typically between the fifth and eighth decades. Early diagnosis and treatment may significantly improve outcome and prevent permanent disability and even mortality. The purpose of our retrospective, single-center study was to determine the long-term clinical and radiographic outcome of patients who have received endovascular or surgical treatment of a spinal DAVF. In particular, during a 6-year period (2009–2014) 14 patients with a spinal DAVF were treated at our department either surgically (n = 4) or endovascularly (n = 10) with detachable coils and/or glue. There was no recurrence in the follow-up period (mean: 36 months, range 3–60 months) after complete occlusion with the endovascular treatment (n = 9; 90%), while only one patient (10%) had residual flow both post-treatment and at 3-month follow-up. All four surgically treated patients (100%) had no signs of residual DAVF on follow-up magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and/or angiography (mean follow-up period of 9 months). Since improvement or stabilization of symptoms may be seen even in patients with delayed diagnosis and substantial neurological deficits, either endovascular or surgical treatment is always justified. PMID:26466887

  20. Distal tears of the hamstring muscles: review of the literature and our results of surgical treatment

    PubMed Central

    Lempainen, Lasse; Sarimo, Janne; Mattila, Kimmo; Heikkilä, Jouni; Orava, Sakari

    2007-01-01

    Background Hamstring strains are among the most frequent injuries in sports, especially in events requiring sprinting and running. Distal tears of the hamstring muscles requiring surgical treatment are scarcely reported in the literature. Objective To evaluate the results of surgical treatment for distal hamstring tears. Design A case series of 18 operatively treated distal hamstring muscle tears combined with a review of previously published cases in the English literature. Retrospective study; level of evidence 4. Setting Mehiläinen Sports Trauma Research Center, Mehiläinen Hospital and Sports Clinic, Turku, Finland. Patients Between 1992 and 2005, a total of 18 athletes with a distal hamstring tear were operated at our centre. Main outcome measurements At follow‐up, the patients were asked about possible symptoms (pain, weakness, stiffness) and their return to the pre‐injury level of sport. Results The final results were rated excellent in 13 cases, good in 1 case, fair in 3 cases and poor in 1 case. 14 of the 18 patients were able to return to their former level of sport after an average of 4 months (range 2–6 months). Conclusions Surgical treatment seems to be beneficial in distal hamstring tears in selected cases. PMID:17138628

  1. Surgical and Endovascular Treatment for Spinal Arteriovenous Malformations

    PubMed Central

    ENDO, Toshiki; ENDO, Hidenori; SATO, Kenichi; MATSUMOTO, Yasushi; TOMINAGA, Teiji

    2016-01-01

    Spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a broad term that constitutes diverse vascular pathologies. To date, various classification schemes for spinal AVM have been proposed in literature, which helped neurosurgeons understand the pathophysiology of the disease and determine an optimal treatment strategy. To discuss indications and results of surgical and endovascular interventions for spinal AVM, this article refers to the following classification proposed by Anson and Spetzler in 1992: type I, dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF); type II, glomus intramedullary AVM; type III, juvenile malformations; and type IV, perimedullary AVF. In general, complete obliteration of the fistula is a key for better outcome in type I dural and type IV perimedullary AVFs. On the other hand, in type II glomus and type III juvenile malformations, functional preservation, instead of pursuing angiographical cure, is the main goal of the treatment. In such cases, reduction of the shunt flow can alleviate clinical symptoms. Proper management of spinal AVM should start with neurological examination and understanding of angioarchitectures, which provide critical information that guides the indication and modality of intervention. Finally, close collaboration of the microsurgical and endovascular teams are mandatory for successful treatment. PMID:26948701

  2. Surgical treatment of hip dysplasia in children and adolescents.

    PubMed

    Bittersohl, Bernd; Hosalkar, Harish S; Wenger, Dennis R

    2012-07-01

    Residual hip dysplasia (a relatively common condition in young children and adolescents) left undetected or partially treated, almost certainly leads to further progression of deformity, eventually ending in a nonfunctional, painful hip joint. Therefore, every effort should be made to identify and treat hip dysplasia early.The use of 3D imaging, including CT and MRI assessment, has enhanced the diagnosis and treatment of patients with dysplasia because they facilitate proper identification of important pathomorphologic anatomy and cartilage degeneration. Future studies should take these novel imaging modalities into consideration with the attempt to (re-) evaluate optimal selection criteria for surgery, risk factors for clinical failure and optimal deformity correction. Treatment of residual hip dysplasia requires corrective surgery. The goal of surgical treatment is to normalize joint loading by increasing the contact area and improving the level arm of the hip to forestall the development of OA. Proper selection and performance of a correction osteotomy and adjunctive procedures are prerequisites for a good clinical outcome and high survivorship of the reconstructed hip. Augmentation procedures, such as the Chiari osteotomy or the shelf procedure described by Staheli, remain as a salvage option in cases when irreversible cartilage damage is present or when reorientation is not feasible. PMID:22819159

  3. [Surgical Resection for Mediastinal Lymph Node Metastasis of Combined Hepatocellular and Cholangiocarcinoma--A Case Report].

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Mitsuhiko; Shimizu, Hiroaki; Ohtsuka, Masayuki; Kato, Atsushi; Yoshitomi, Hideyuki; Furukawa, Katsunori; Takayashiki, Tsukasa; Kuboki, Satoshi; Takano, Shigetsugu; Okamura, Daiki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Sakai, Nozomu; Kagawa, Shingo; Nojima, Hiroyuki; Miyazaki, Masaru

    2015-11-01

    We report the case of a 77-year-old woman with mediastinal lymph node metastasis of combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma who was successfully treated with S8 segmentectomy and lymphadenectomy. A hepatic nodule was detected in segment 8 during follow-up computed tomography (CT) after left iliac arterial aneurysm repair. The patient was diagnosed with a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) was selected for HCC because of the patient's condition. The levels of tumor markers did not change after TACE was performed twice. Therefore, TACE treatment was considered to be ineffective for HCC, and the patient was admitted to our hospital for surgical resection. In addition to the primary lesion, a lymph node with a diameter of 20 mm was detected in the anterior mediastinum using CT and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI). We did not find any other metastases, and therefore, S8 segmentectomy and lymphadenectomy in the anterior mediastinum were performed. Recovery was uneventful, and the patient was discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 12. Based on histopathologic findings, combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma with mediastinal lymph node metastasis was confirmed. Levels of tumor markers normalized, and the patient survived without recurrence for 6 months. PMID:26805196

  4. Update on pathology and surgical treatment for adult spinal deformity.

    PubMed

    Taneichi, Hiroshi

    2016-03-01

    Update on pathologies of adult spinal deformity (ASD): With advancement of aging society, ASD has become one of the most notable topics of spinal disorders owing to its significant impact on health related quality of life. Treatment for ASD is challenging due to complex nature of deformity and high prevalence of comorbidities. Spino-pelvic harmony that is evaluated by pelvic incidence (PI) minus lumbar lordosis (LL) is the most important concept, which allows us to understand pathology of ASD more deeply. Proposed optimum "PI minus LL" is within ±10°. However, according to analysis of patients having good surgical outcomes, minimum requirement of postoperative "PI minus LL" is calculated by following equation: "PI minus LL" = 0.41PI - 11.12 (r = 0.45, p = 0.0059). "PI minus LL" is not fixed but flexible value reflecting the specific setting of the individual PI. To date, little is known about dynamic global sagittal alignment that is susceptible to compensatory mechanisms. Gait analysis revealed that compensated sagittal balance by pelvic retroversion in static standing was lost immediately after walking due to alignment change of the pelvis and worsened over time. Dynamic assessment of sagittal balance is recommended. Update on surgical strategies for ASD: We classified ASD into following 5 types in terms of curve patterns, global balance, and curve flexibility: Type 1, well-balanced scoliosis with flexible kyphosis is indicated for corrective posterior spinal fusion (PSF) without any release procedures; Type 2, poor-balanced scoliosis with flexible kyphosis is well corrected by aggressive intervertebral release with PSF; Type 3, fixed sagittal imbalance without coronal deformity is candidate for pedicle subtraction osteotomy; Type 4, fixed sagittal imbalance with coronal deformity is indicated for vertebral column resection; and Type 5, severe scoliosis without marked global sagittal malalignment can be treated by corrective anterior spinal fusion

  5. Surgical treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma with bile duct invasion

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Xu-guang; Mao, Wei; Hong, Sung Yeon; Kim, Bong-Wan; Xu, Wei-guang

    2016-01-01

    Purpose There is still some debate on surgical procedures for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with bile duct tumor thrombi (BDTT, Ueda type 3 or 4). What is adequate extent of liver resection for curative treatment? Is extrahepatic bile duct resection mandatory for cure? The aim of this study is to answer these questions. Methods Between February 1994 and December 2012, 877 consecutive HCC patients underwent hepatic resection at Ajou University Hospital. Thirty HCC patients (3.4%) with BDTT (Ueda type 3 or 4) were retrospective reviewed in this study. Results In total, 20 patients enrolled in this study were divided into 2 groups: patients who underwent hemihepatectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection (group 1, n = 10) and with only removal of BDTT (group 2, n = 10). The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 75.0%, 50.0%, and 27.8%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of group 1 were 100.0%, 80.0%, and 45.7%, and those of group 2 were 50.0%, 20.0%, and 10.0%, respectively (P = 0.014). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year recurrences free survival rates of group 1 were 90.0%, 70.0%, and 42.0%, and those of group 2 were 36.0%, 36.0%, and 0%, respectively (P = 0.014). Thrombectomy and infiltrative growth type (Ig) were found as independent prognostic factors for recurrence free survival by multivariate analysis. Thrombectomy, Ig, and high indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes were found as independent prognostic factors for overall survival by multivariate analysis. Conclusion We suggest that the appropriate surgical procedure for icteric HCC patients should be comprised of ipsilateral hemihepatectomy with caudate lobectomy and extrahepatic bile duct resection. PMID:26942157

  6. [Role of surgical therapy in the treatment of refractory ascites].

    PubMed

    Pisani Ceretti, A; Intra, M; Borzio, M; Santambrogio, R; Opocher, E; Ballarini, C; Cordovana, A; Motta, R; Spina, G P

    1997-11-01

    In 5-10% of cases ascites is not controlled by medical therapy and is defined refractory. These patients may be submitted to one of the four following surgical options: portal-systemic shunt, peritoneo-venous shunt, transjugular intrahepatic portal-systemic shunt, orthotopic liver transplantation. Although the portal-systemic shunt is efficient in clearing ascites, it does not improve the survival, which depends on liver function, and it is complicated by an important incidence of encephalopathy. Since the patients with refractory ascites and good hepatic risk are not usually many, it is possible to understand why derivative surgery has been disappointing with this indication. Although the peritoneo-venous shunt is associated with a significant rate of valve obstruction, it is an easy, effective and not expensive treatment. So, till now, it has been considered the first choice procedure of refractory ascites, if any situations, determinating the onset of postoperative complications, are not present. Recently a new method has been introduced in the therapy of portal hypertension, the transjugular intrahepatic portal-systemic shunt. This is a bloodless portal-systemic derivation and so it has caused great enthusiasm even if the available data are insufficient to give a definitive opinion on its role in management of ascites. Certainly the liver transplantation, which presents the great advantage to treat both the cirrhosis and its complications, seems to be the most rational therapy for these patients. However, at least for this moment, the well-known absence of organ donors makes still actual the palliative surgical measures. PMID:9489332

  7. Surgical treatment of hermaphroditism: experience with 25 cases.

    PubMed

    Jingde, Zhang; Xin, Xing; Entan, Guo; Junhui, Li; Chunyu, Xue; Xiaoyun, Wang

    2009-11-01

    This article is a summary of our experience with surgical treatment of 25 patients with hermaphroditism. We treated 25 patients with hermaphroditism since 1985, including 12 with male pseudohermaphroditism, 9 with female pseudohermaphroditism and 4 with true hermaphroditism. Decision on sex reassignment for these patients was made according to their genetic sex, gonad sex, social sex, psychologic sex, and the request of the patients and their relatives. Of the 12 male pseudohermaphrodites, 1 was reassigned with the male sex and penile reconstruction was performed, and the other 11 had a female sex assignment and received undescended testis removal, clitoral reduction, labioplasty of the labia minora and labium majus, and vaginoplasty. Nine female pseudohermaphrodites with female sex assignment underwent clitoral reduction, labioplasty of the labia minora and labium majus, and vaginoplasty. The 4 true hermaphrodites also had female sex assignment, and received such procedures as resection of the ovotestes and undescended testes, clitoral reduction, and labioplasty of the labia minora; resection of the uterus and appendices was also performed in 1 case due to the identification of malignant cells. The reconstructed penis in the patient with male sex assignment had good appearance and allowed normal urination. In patients with female sex assignment, the reconstructed external genitalia had also good appearance and good sensation without obvious contraction. No serious complications occurred in these patients, who were satisfactory with the outcome and reported stable gender identity, and 3 married patients reported normal sexual life. Plastic surgery is still the primary option for correction of hermaphroditism after determination of sex assignment, and satisfactory effect can be achieved by surgical intervention with stable gender identity and minimal complications. PMID:19806042

  8. Study on different surgical approaches for acute Lumber disk protrusion combined with Cauda Equina Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Lianbing; Fang, Liangqin; Qiu, Yihua; Xing, Shunming; Chen, Dechun; He, Xiang; Wang, Jinxin; Lai, Jing; Shi, Guohua; Zhang, Jiefeng; Liao, Teng; Tan, Junming

    2014-01-01

    To compare the long and short term effectiveness and complications of different surgical approaches for Lumber disk protrusion combined with Cauda Equina Syndrome and find a better surgical method for the disease. In this study, follow up records of 144 patients received conventional laminectomy and minimally invasive decompression and fenestration 48 hours within acute injury of lumber disk protrusion combined with Cauda Equina Syndrome were analyzed. Surgical outcome immediately and 3, 6, 12, 36 months after the surgery were compared to evaluate the effectiveness two different approaches. The results indicated that there are no significant differences regarding age, sexual proportion, body mass index (BMI), visual analogue scale of pain (VAS) score as well as Frankel scores before the surgery, and significant differences VAS score as well as Frankel scores immediately after the surgery. In conclusion, minimally invasive decompression and fenestration can be of the same effectiveness and less complications comparing with the conventional laminectomy. PMID:25674258

  9. Surgical vs. non-surgical treatment in women with pelvic floor dysfunction: Patient-centered goals at one year

    PubMed Central

    Hullfish, Kathie L.; Bovbjerg, Viktor E.; Gurka, Matthew J.; Steers, William D.

    2009-01-01

    Objective In women with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), we assessed the degree to which treatment (surgical vs. non-surgical) was associated with achievement of patient-centered goals, satisfaction with care, and quality of life. Study design Prospective cohort. Between September 2003 and December 2004 we recruited women during their first referral visit for PFD treatment at our outpatient Urogynecology Clinic. At the first visit, women enumerated up to five personal treatment goals, and “anchored” each goal by anticipating best and worst possible outcomes. At 12 month follow-up, women were asked to indicate their level of goal attainment (−2, worst outcome; +2, best outcome). At baseline and follow-up, women completed short forms of the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) and Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) (range 0–100, high scores indicating greater impact or distress). Patients indicated level of treatment satisfaction on a 4 level ordinal scale. Results Of the 127 study participants with complete data, 46 (36.2 %) were managed surgically and 81 (63.8%) non surgically. There were no major demographic differences between the two groups in terms of age, race, weight, prior PFD surgery, and vaginal parity. The surgical group was more likely to have received baseline diagnosis of pelvic organ prolapse (80 % vs 60 %, p = 0.0259), and be post-menopausal (89 % vs 72 %, p = 0.0261). There were no significant differences in the distribution of goal type (symptom relief, activity, self image, general health) by treatment status (p = 0.1074). Using logistic regression to adjust for age and baseline diagnosis, surgically managed patients at one year were significantly more likely to report complete primary goal attainment (odds ratio (OR) = 4.42; p = 0.0154) and complete treatment satisfaction (OR = 6.12; p = 0.0109). For all participants, one-year IIQ-7 and UDI-6 scores were significantly correlated with primary goal attainment scores. Conclusions In

  10. Surgical Treatment of Dyskinesia in Parkinson’s Disease

    PubMed Central

    Munhoz, Renato P.; Cerasa, Antonio; Okun, Michael S.

    2014-01-01

    One of the main indications for stereotactic surgery in Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the control of levodopa-induced dyskinesia. This can be achieved by pallidotomy and globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) or by subthalamotomy and subthalamic nucleus (STN) DBS, which usually allow for a cut down in the dosage of levodopa. DBS has assumed a pivotal role in stereotactic surgical treatment of PD and, in fact, ablative procedures are currently considered surrogates, particularly when bilateral procedures are required, as DBS does not produce a brain lesion and the stimulator can be programed to induce better therapeutic effects while minimizing adverse effects. Interventions in either the STN and the GPi seem to be similar in controlling most of the other motor aspects of PD, nonetheless, GPi surgery seems to induce a more particular and direct effect on dyskinesia, while the anti-dyskinetic effect of STN interventions is mostly dependent on a reduction of dopaminergic drug dosages. Hence, the si ne qua non-condition for a reduction of dyskinesia when STN interventions are intended is their ability to allow for a reduction of levodopa dosage. Pallidal surgery is indicated when dyskinesia is a dose-limiting factor for maintaining or introducing higher adequate levels of dopaminergic therapy. Also medications used for the treatment of PD may be useful for the improvement of several non-motor aspects of the disease, including sleep, psychiatric, and cognitive domains, therefore, dose reduction of medication withdrawal are not always a fruitful objective. PMID:24808889

  11. Caution for Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment of Recurrent Cholangitis

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Zheng; Guo, Kun; Sun, Hao; Yu, Liang; Lv, Yi; Wang, Bo

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with bile duct tumor thrombus (BDTT) usually have no specific clinical symptoms at early stages. HCC with BDTT was usually misdiagnosed when the intrahepatic tumor was small, even undetectable. In this study, 5 cases of HCC with BDTT misdiagnosed as choledocholithiasis and cholangitis in the local hospital are described. We analyzed retrospectively and summarized our experiences of these 5 HCC patients with BDTT misdiagnosed in the local hospital during the past 5 years. The diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of the patients are discussed. Three patients underwent hepatectomy with thrombectomy and T-tube drainage. One patient underwent hepatectomy with the resection of the common bile duct and hepatojejunostomy, and palliative surgery was performed in 1 patient with portal vein tumor thrombus and intrahepatic metastasis. The patients were followed for 6–22 months; 4 patients died of tumor recurrence and metastasis or hepatic failure, despite 3 of these patients having received transhepatic arterial chemotherapy and embolization or radiofrequency ablation therapy. Early and accurate diagnosis of HCC with BDTT is very important. When patients have a history of abnormal recurrent cholangitis, HCC with BDTT should be highly suspected. Intraductal ultrasonography (US), intraoperative US, and histopathological examination are very valuable for the diagnosis. The prognosis of HCC patients with BDTT is dismal. Identification of this type of patient is clinically important, because surgical treatment may be beneficial. PMID:25192487

  12. Surgical vs Nonoperative Treatment for Lumbar Disk Herniation

    PubMed Central

    Weinstein, James N.; Lurie, Jon D.; Tosteson, Tor D.; Skinner, Jonathan S.; Hanscom, Brett; Tosteson, Anna N. A.; Herkowitz, Harry; Fischgrund, Jeffrey; Cammisa, Frank P.; Albert, Todd; Deyo, Richard A.

    2008-01-01

    Context For patients with lumbar disk herniation, the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) randomized trial intent-to-treat analysis showed small but not statistically significant differences in favor of diskectomy compared with usual care. However, the large numbers of patients who crossed over between assigned groups precluded any conclusions about the comparative effectiveness of operative therapy vs usual care. Objective To compare the treatment effects of diskectomy and usual care. Design, Setting, and Patients Prospective observational cohort of surgical candidates with imaging-confirmed lumbar intervertebral disk herniation who were treated at 13 spine clinics in 11 US states and who met the SPORT eligibility criteria but declined randomization between March 2000 and March 2003. Interventions Standard open diskectomy vs usual nonoperative care. Main Outcome Measures Changes from baseline in the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) bodily pain and physical function scales and the modified Oswestry Disability Index (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/MODEMS version). Results Of the 743 patients enrolled in the observational cohort, 528 patients received surgery and 191 received usual nonoperative care. At 3 months, patients who chose surgery had greater improvement in the primary outcome measures of bodily pain (mean change: surgery, 40.9 vs nonoperative care, 26.0; treatment effect, 14.8; 95% confidence interval, 10.8-18.9), physical function (mean change: surgery, 40.7 vs nonoperative care, 25.3; treatment effect, 15.4; 95% CI, 11.6-19.2), and Oswestry Disability Index (mean change: surgery, −36.1 vs nonoperative care, −20.9; treatment effect, −15.2; 95% CI, −18.5. to −11.8). These differences narrowed somewhat at 2 years: bodily pain (mean change: surgery, 42.6 vs nonoperative care, 32.4; treatment effect, 10.2; 95% CI, 5.9-14.5), physical function (mean change: surgery, 43.9 vs nonoperavtive care 31.9; treatment

  13. Surgical treatment for Scheie's syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type I-S): report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Minakata, K; Konishi, Y; Matsumoto, M; Miwa, S

    1998-09-01

    Scheie's syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type I-S) is a rare genetic lysosomal storage disease affecting mucopolysaccharide metabolism, and is known to include cardiovascular disease. Surgical treatment was carried out in 2 patients with Scheie's syndrome. Patient 1 was a 56-year-old man with triple-vessel coronary artery disease, who successfully underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Patient 2 was a 52-year-old man with aortic and mitral valve stenosis, who successfully underwent combined aortic and mitral valve replacement. The literature on Scheie's syndrome associated with valvular and coronary artery disease is also reviewed. PMID:9766711

  14. Advances in the surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Tsuchikawa, Takahiro; Hirano, Satoshi; Okamura, Keisuke; Matsumoto, Joe; Tamoto, Eiji; Murakami, Soichi; Nakamura, Toru; Ebihara, Yuma; Kurashima, Yo; Shichinohe, Toshiaki

    2015-03-01

    With the improvement of perioperative management and surgical techniques as well as the accumulation of knowledge on the oncobiological behavior of bile duct carcinoma, the long-term prognosis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma has been improving. In this article, the authors review the recent developments in surgical strategies for hilar cholangiocarcinoma, focusing on diagnosis for characteristic disease extension, perioperative management to reduce postoperative morbidity and mortality, surgical techniques for extended curative resection and postoperative adjuvant therapy. PMID:25256146

  15. Computer-assisted surgical planning and intraoperative navigation in the treatment of condylar osteochondroma.

    PubMed

    Yu, H B; Li, B; Zhang, L; Shen, S G; Wang, X D

    2015-01-01

    Mandibular condylar osteochondroma (OC) results in asymmetric prognathism with facial morphology and functional disturbances. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of computer-assisted surgical planning combined with intraoperative navigation in the treatment of condylar OC. Five patients with mandibular condylar OC were enrolled in this study. Surgical planning and simulation was performed based on a computed tomography reconstruction model using SurgiCase software. Under the guidance of navigation, a condylar OC resection and conservative condylectomy was carried out via intraoral approach. Simultaneous orthognathic surgery was used to correct the facial asymmetry and malocclusion. All patients healed uneventfully. No facial nerve injury or salivary fistula occurred. Facial symmetry and morphology were greatly improved and stable occlusion was obtained in all cases. Good matching between preoperative planning and postoperative results was achieved. Patients showed no signs of recurrence or temporomandibular joint ankylosis during follow-up of 12-30 months. Computer-assisted surgical planning and intraoperative navigation is a valuable option in the treatment of mandibular condylar OC. PMID:25442742

  16. [Prediction of outcomes of surgical treatment of degenerative lumbar disk disease].

    PubMed

    Zhuravlev, Iu I; Nazarenko, G I; Cherkashov, A M; Riazanov, V V; Nazarenko, A G

    2009-01-01

    The paper focuses on algorithms of outcomes assessment of surgical treatment of the patients with degenerative lumbar disk disease. From 1997 to 2006 389 patients with discogenic lumbar pain were operated in the Medical Center of Central Bank of Russia. 185 patients underwent radiofrequency destruction of facet nerves, laser percutaneous lumbar discectomy was performed in 39 patients, microdiscectomy -- in 131, and decompression combined with lumbar spine stabilization -- in 31 cases. Clinical and radiological data of each patient were recorded in the database using 3-point scale according to intensity of the feature. Assessment of patients' condition was performed pre- and postoperatively (after discharge and after 6, 12 and 24 months interval). Postoperative outcome was recorded for the current period in compliance with modified criteria of Kawabata et al. Obtained data were mathematically and statistically processed. Developed algorithms allowed assessment of postoperative outcome in the patients with degenerative lumbar disk disease. Outcome data can be used for evaluation of feasibility of surgical treatment as well as for selection of surgical technique. PMID:19505029

  17. Barcelona Lymphedema Algorithm for Surgical Treatment in Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema.

    PubMed

    Masià, Jaume; Pons, Gemma; Rodríguez-Bauzà, Elena

    2016-06-01

    Background Breast cancer-related lymphedema is a prevalent condition that has a major impact on quality of life. Surgical treatment has become an alternative to help affected patients with good results. However, there is no consensus on surgical procedure and protocol. Methods We analyzed our data in two periods: from June 2007 to December 2011 and from January 2012 to June 2014. Data included the analysis of the limb circumferences and the subjective symptoms felt by patients. Results Of the 200 patients treated in the study, 81 had lymphaticovenous anastomosis, 7 had autologous lymph node transfer, 16 had total breast anatomy restoration, 52 had vibroliposuction, and 44 had combined reconstructive procedures. In the first period, the circumference of the superior limb showed a decrease of 0.9 to 6.1 cm (average 2.75 cm). In the second period, the circumference of the superior limb showed a decrease of 2.9 to 6.1 cm (average 3.85 cm). Clinical results and data from the questionnaires confirmed the improvement and subjective benefits. Conclusion We have obtained considerable improvements in results of limb circumferences and subjective symptoms after incorporating several modifications into our surgical strategy for lymphedema treatment. A detailed preoperative assessment should be performed to determine whether reconstructive surgery or palliative surgery is indicated. PMID:26975564

  18. Oncological and surgical outcome of total laryngectomy in combination with neck dissection in the elderly.

    PubMed

    Teymoortash, Afshin; Bohne, Franziska; Kissing, Lena; Daniel, Hanna; Kurt, Bilgen; Wilhelm, Thomas; Halmos, Gyorgy B; Hoch, Stephan

    2016-07-01

    There are controversial data on oncological and surgical outcome after major head and neck cancer surgery in the elderly. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of elderly cancer patients after total laryngectomy in combination with neck dissection. A total of 58 patients separated into two age groups (28 < 65 vs. 30 ≥ 65 years) with hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancer who underwent total laryngectomy and neck dissection were enrolled. Comorbidities of both age groups using the Charlson comorbidity index, hospitalization days as well as surgical complications evaluated by the Clavien-Dindo classification were examined. Overall and disease-free survivals of all patients were analyzed. The average follow-up was 2.9 years. Surgical complication rate was significantly increased in elderly (p = 0.04). However, complications could be treated without surgical intervention in most cases without significant extension of hospitalization. Locoregional and distant control did not significantly differ in both age groups. Disease-free and overall survival showed no significant differences for the two age groups by the Kaplan-Meier analysis (p = 0.66 and 0.08, respectively). Total laryngectomy in combination with neck dissection can be considered in elderly patients with satisfactory oncological and surgical outcome. PMID:26972426

  19. Surgical Versus Non-Surgical Treatment for Vertebral Compression Fracture with Osteopenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Bing-Lin; Xie, Bin; Zhang, Wen-Yi; Yang, Yu-Jie; Yue, Yu-Shan; Wang, Xue-Qiang

    2015-01-01

    Background Surgical and non-surgical interventions are the two categories for treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). However, there is clinical uncertainty over optimal management. This study aimed to examine the safety and effectiveness of surgical management for treatment of VCFs with osteopenia compared with non-surgical treatment. Methods We conducted a systematic search through electronic databases from inception to June 2014, with no limits on study data or language. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating surgical versus non-surgical interventions for treatment of patients with VCFs due to osteopenia were considered. Primary outcomes were pain and adverse effects. A random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled mean difference (MD) or risk ratios with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results Sixteen reports (11 studies) met the inclusion criteria, and provided data for the meta-analysis with a total of 1,401 participants. Compared with conservative treatment, surgical treatment was more effective in reducing pain (short-term: MD -2.05, 95% CI -3.55 to -0.56, P=0.007; mid-term: MD -1.70, 95% CI -2.78 to -0.62, P=0.002; long-term: MD -1.24, 95% CI -2.20 to -0.29, P=0.01) and disability on the Roland–Morris Disability score (short-term: MD -4.97, 95% CI -8.71 to -1.23, P=0.009), as well as improving quality of life on the Short-Form 36 Physical Component Summary score (short-term: MD 5.53, 95% CI 1.45 to 9.61, P=0.008) and the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis score (short-term: MD -5.01, 95% CI -8.11 to -1.91, P=0.002). Indirect comparisons between vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty found no evidence that the treatment effect differed across the two interventions for any outcomes assessed. Compared with the sham procedure, surgical treatment showed no evidence of improvement in pain relief and physical function. Based on these two comparisons, no significant difference between groups was noted in

  20. Outcome of Surgical Treatment of 200 Children With Cushing's Disease

    PubMed Central

    Lonser, Russell R.; Wind, Joshua J.; Nieman, Lynnette K.; Weil, Robert J.; DeVroom, Hetty L.

    2013-01-01

    Context: Factors influencing the outcome of surgical treatment of pediatric Cushing's disease (CD) have not been fully established. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine features influencing the outcome of surgery for pediatric CD. Design: In this prospective observational study, the clinical, imaging, endocrinological, and operative outcomes were analyzed in consecutive patients treated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 1982 through 2010. Setting: The study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. Results: Two hundred CD patients (106 females, 94 males) were included. Mean age at symptom development was 10.6 ± 3.6 years (range, 4.0 to 19.0 y). Mean age at NIH operation was 13.7 ± 3.7 years. Twenty-seven patients (13%) had prior surgery at another institution. Magnetic resonance imaging identified adenomas in 97 patients (50%). When positive, magnetic resonance imaging accurately defined a discrete adenoma in 96 of the 97 patients (99%), which was more accurate than the use of ACTH ratios during inferior petrosal sinus sampling to determine adenoma lateralization (accurate in 72% of patients without prior surgery). A total of 195 of the 200 patients (98%) achieved remission after surgery (189 [97%] were hypocortisolemic; 6 [3%] were eucortisolemic postoperatively). Factors associated with initial remission (P < .05) included identification of an adenoma at surgery, immunohistochemical ACTH-producing adenoma, and noninvasive ACTH adenoma. Younger age, smaller adenoma, and absence of cavernous sinus wall or other dural invasion were associated with long-term remission (P < .05). A minimum morning serum cortisol of less than 1 μg/dl after surgery had a positive predictive value for lasting remission of 96%. Conclusions: With rare disorders, such as pediatric CD, enhanced outcomes are obtained by evaluation and treatment at centers with substantial experience. Resection of pituitary adenomas in pediatric CD in that setting can be safe

  1. Surgical treatment of catamenial pneumothorax: Report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Ichiki, Yoshinobu; Nagashima, Akira; Yasuda, Manabu; Takenoyama, Mitsuhiro; Toyoshima, Satoshi

    2015-07-01

    Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is a rare entity of spontaneous, recurring pneumothorax in females. Although it has been known to be associated with thoracic endometriosis, varying clinical course and the lack of consistent intraoperative findings have led to conflicting etiological theories. We herein discuss the etiology, clinical course, and surgical treatment of three patients with CP. Three females (aged 40 years, 28 years, and 34 years) had recurrent right-sided spontaneous pneumothoraces that coincided with their menses. They had undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) previously. Blueberry spots in the right diaphragm were detected in all three cases. Two patients had recurrence, postoperatively. The other patient, who received luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analog therapy for an abdominal endometriosis in the perioperative period and postoperative chemical pleurodesis to prevent recurrence, has been free of recurrence for 15 months, postoperatively. However, pelvic endometriosis was detected in this patient only. Therefore, CP should be suspected in ovulating females with spontaneous pneumothorax, even in the absence of any symptoms associated with pelvic endometriosis. In addition, while performing VATS, careful inspection of the diaphragmatic surface is important. In complicated cases, hormonal suppression therapy and chemical pleurodesis might also be helpful adjunct modalities. PMID:24210539

  2. [Results of Surgical Treatment of Infective Valvular Endocarditis].

    PubMed

    Ivanov, V A; Domnin, V V; Yarigin, I V

    2015-01-01

    Immediate and long-term results of surgical treatment of infective valvular endocarditis (IVE) in 438 patients during the period from 1978 to 2013 are presented. Overall hospital mortality was 9.1% (11.2 and 6.7% among patients operated in the active stage of IVE and in remission, respectively) Depending on the site of infection mortality was: aortic valve (AV) - 7.9, mitral valve (MV) 10.1, MV and AV 10.7, tricuspid valve (TV) 6 7%. Overall 5 and 10 year survival after surgery was 78.6 4.7 and 66.2 3.9%, respectively. The lowest 5 and 10 year survival was observed in patients with MV and AV defects (66.3 and 52.7%, respectively). Long-term follow-up, the most consistent results are indicated in patients undergoing surgery with primary IE: to 1 year after surgery 94.5% survived to 5 year - 87%, to 10 - 85.5% of patients. In the group of patients with secondary IE to the first, fifth and tenth year observation survived 86.3%, 77.4%, 70.6%, respectively. The main reason for poor results was increasing heart failure, and recurrent infection. PMID:26502502

  3. The Impact of Neoadjuvant Treatment on Surgical Options and Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Ataseven, Beyhan; von Minckwitz, Gunter

    2016-10-01

    Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) has become a well-established treatment method for patients with breast cancer, not only for those with large tumors, but also for patients with early high-risk cancers. In earlier times, the clinical advantage of NST was seen in improvement of tumor shrinkage for better operability, conversion of mastectomy candidates to breast conservation, and optimization of cosmetic results. Over the decades, therapy regimens were optimized, resulting in significantly higher response rates. Rates for breast conservation and for conversion from mastectomy to breast conservation, especially for patients with advanced breast cancers, rose significantly for patients undergoing NST. A multidisciplinary approach with close and accurate diagnostic assessment of the breast, axillary tumor, or both during NST and individual-response-guided surgery is mandatory. To reduce unnecessary surgery and prevent mastectomies, more conclusive prediction models and minimally invasive methods for selection of patients with pathologic complete remission after NST are needed. Furthermore, prospective studies demonstrate that sentinel node biopsy for patients with initial clinically node-positive axillary nodes converting to clinically node-negative axillary nodes is oncologically safe and offers less morbidity, avoiding complete axillary node dissection. Initial concerns regarding surgical complications and morbidity due to potential immune frailty of patients with NST were not observed. PMID:27364505

  4. Surgical treatment of familial adenomatous polyposis: dilemmas and current recommendations.

    PubMed

    Campos, Fábio Guilherme

    2014-11-28

    Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant inherited syndrome characterized by multiple adenomatous polyps (predisposing to colorectal cancer development) and numerous extracolonic manifestations. The underlying genetic burden generates variable clinical features that may influence operative management. As a precancerous hereditary condition, the rationale of performing a prophylactic surgery is a mainstay of FAP management. The purpose of the present paper is to bring up many controversial aspects regarding surgical treatment for FAP, and to discuss the results and perspectives of the operative choices and approaches. Preferably, the decision-making process should not be limited to the conventional confrontation of pros and cons of ileorectal anastomosis or restorative proctocolectomy. A wide discussion with the patient may evaluate issues such as age, genotype, family history, sphincter function, the presence or risk of desmoid disease, potential complications of each procedure and chances of postoperative surveillance. Therefore, the definition of the best moment and the choice of appropriate procedure constitute an individual decision that must take into consideration patient's preferences and full information about the complex nature of the disease. All these facts reinforce the idea that FAP patients should be managed by experienced surgeons working in specialized centers to achieve the best immediate and long-term results. PMID:25469031

  5. The Impact of Medical and Surgical Treatment for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy on Erectile Function.

    PubMed

    Stearns, Gillian L; Sandhu, Jaspreet S

    2015-11-01

    There is a well-known link between treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction. Surgical and medical management of LUTS all have side effect profiles which may affect erectile dysfunction, ejaculatory dysfunction, or libido. These should be taken into consideration during patient counseling. This article reviews the common side effects of the medical and surgical treatments of LUTS. PMID:26438220

  6. Surgical Treatment of Isolated Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Sheng-li; Li, Bo-jun; Zhang, Tao; Ren, Chong-lei; Wang, Yao; Chen, Ting-ting; Gao, Chang-qing

    2011-01-01

    We reviewed our department's experience with the perioperative features and surgical treatment of isolated right-sided infective endocarditis. From January 2000 through July 2010, 35 patients underwent surgery for isolated right-sided infective endocarditis in our department. The mean pathologic course was 3.6 months. Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography had revealed intracardiac vegetations in all 35 patients: the tricuspid valve was involved in 28, and preoperative cultures were positive in 31. The median follow-up time was 5.8 years, and the follow-up rate was 85.3%. All the operations were performed with the patients on cardiopulmonary bypass, with or without cardiac arrest. All concomitant congenital heart defects were repaired, and vegetations and foreign materials were removed as part of intensive débridement of the infected area. After vegetation removal, 4 tricuspid valve replacements with tissue valves and 24 tricuspid valve reconstructions were performed. One patient who underwent tricuspid valve replacement died of uncontrollable infection and multiple-organ failure. Two patients required mechanical ventilation for more than 1 week, and 3 needed dialysis for acute renal failure. Of the excised vegetations, 31.4% were positive for microorganisms. Of the patients who underwent tricuspid valvuloplasty, 23 had no valvular incompetence and 11 had mild or moderate regurgitation before discharge from the hospital. During follow-up, no patient needed reoperation because of reinfection, and 1 underwent reoperation for severe tricuspid regurgitation. We conclude that surgery can yield satisfactory immediate and midterm results in the treatment of isolated right-sided infective endocarditis. PMID:22199423

  7. CyberKnife Radiosurgery – Value as an Adjunct to Surgical Treatment of HCC?

    PubMed Central

    Schoenberg, Markus; Khandoga, Andrey; Stintzing, Sebastian; Trumm, Christoph; Schiergens, Tobias Simon; Angele, Martin; op den Winkel, Mark; Werner, Jens; Rentsch, Markus

    2016-01-01

    Introduction CyberKnife radiosurgery (CK) is an effective tool for the treatment of malignancies. Its greatest potential is in high-dose radiosurgery delivered to targets in organs that move with respiration, e.g., liver tumors. For hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, surgical treatment (resection, transplantation) is most likely to produce long-term survival; for non-resectable tumors, therapies other than radiosurgery are typically recommended. This study evaluated the long-lasting anti-tumor effects of CK combined with surgery in patients with HCC. Materials and methods  Eighteen patients (three women, 15 men) were included in this prospective observational study. They received 21 single-fraction CK treatments (26 Gy). Patient characteristics, treatment effects, tumor response (according to the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) grading) and survival were measured for a median period of 29 months. Results Local tumor control was achieved in 15 patients, with complete and partial remission observed in 10 and five patients, respectively. One patient was treated for two separate lesions in one session, and one received three treatments each separated by two-year intervals; both patients are tumor-free. Two patients showed minimal response, and in one patient local tumor viability could not be excluded by MRI. Nine patients had HCC recurrence, all distant to the treated site. Nine patients died during follow-up, including two with clear relation to tumor progress. Tumor-free survival was 79.4% after one year and 29.8% after three years, and the corresponding overall survival was 84.8% and 66%. Conclusion  This study shows the high effectiveness of single-session frameless CyberKnife radiosurgery for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma and reconfirms previous results of fractioned radiotherapy of HCC. It also demonstrates the potential of radiosurgery to be combined with surgical concepts. PMID:27284498

  8. Pyogenic Granuloma: Surgical Treatment with Er:YAG Laser

    PubMed Central

    Fekrazad, Reza; Nokhbatolfoghahaei, Hanieh; Khoei, Farzaneh; Kalhori, Katayoun AM

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a common tumor-like growth of the oral cavity, considered to be of non-neoplastic nature, often caused by constant low-grade trauma as well as poor oral hygiene and maybe due to hormonal disturbances. Surgical excision, and removal of underlying cause in some cases, is the preferred method of treatment as it is only a benign lesion.In order to remove this lesion, scalpel, cryosurgery and laser are used. Currently different lasers, with adequate parameters, are used for the surgery of PG, which include CO2 (Carbon Dioxide Laser), Nd:YAG (Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet), Diode and Er Family amongst others. In this present case, due to the proximity of the lesion with dental hard tissue, Er:YAG (Erbium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet) laser appears to be the more appropriate laser. The application of Laser is also a newly recommended technique. The aim of this study is to assess the stages of treatment, recovery and recurrence of PG when the Er:YAG laser is used. Furthermore this study aims to also evaluate the friendliness of this method with regards to the surgeon (therapist). Case report: A 24-year-old female was referred to the Laser Research Center of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences with a complaint of gingival overgrowth and bleeding. This lesion was in the buccal and palatal side of the 5 and 6 maxillary teeth. Treatment plan included an excisional biopsy of the lesion using Er:YAG laser (3W, 300mJ, 10Hz, Short pulse, with contact headpiece). The bones were then cleaned of soft tissue before being smoothed using a curette. The excised specimen was preserved and sent for histopathological examination. Results: The patient reported no pain after surgery and did not use any systemic antibiotics. The patient was satisfied after the surgery. Chlorhexidine mouthwash was given to the patient. Pathology results confirmed Pyogenic granuloma.After 2 weeks, complete healing was observed. The 9-month

  9. Surgical treatment of macroglossia in patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: a 20-year experience and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Kadouch, D J M; Maas, S M; Dubois, L; van der Horst, C M A M

    2012-03-01

    Macroglossia is observed in the majority of paediatric patients diagnosed with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and surgical treatment may be indicated. A 20-year retrospective study was performed to evaluate all patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome who underwent tongue reduction surgery at the authors' institution. A literature review was performed. Surgical treatment was indicated and carried out in 23 patients with a yearly average varying from 0 to 3 subjects. The mean follow-up time was 7 years. Primary indications for surgical treatment of macroglossia included significant tongue protrusion in 30% (n=7), and a combination of clinical problems in 70% (n=16). In all cases, the procedure was performed by the same surgeon using an anterior, V-shaped, wedge resection technique. Two patients had direct postoperative complications. No recurrence of macroglossia was observed in this study. Reported clinical outcome during follow-up demonstrated a satisfactory resting tongue position in all patients. Review of the literature demonstrated variability in surgical indications and techniques, and postoperative outcome. The results of this study indicate that the anterior wedge resection is a simple, effective and safe technique in the surgical treatment of paediatric patients, diagnosed with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, suffering from macroglossia. PMID:22104000

  10. Low Stroke Rate of Carotid Stenosis Under the Guideline-Oriented Medical Treatment Compared With Surgical Treatment.

    PubMed

    Sato, Kimitoshi; Fujiyoshi, Kazuhiro; Hoshi, Keika; Noda, Chiharu; Yamaoka-Tojo, Minako; Ako, Junya; Kumabe, Toshihiro

    2016-01-01

    Medical treatment for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) has advanced recently. The outcomes of medical treatment and surgical treatment were evaluated to clarify the optimal treatment for ACAS.Patients with ACAS of ≥ 50% luminal narrowing underwent serial follow-up carotid artery ultrasonography for one year or more at the Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention between November 2006 and October 2013. The incidence of cardiovascular events (stroke, myocardial infarction, cardiovascular death) was examined in 64 patients (medical treatment group), and in 47 patients (surgical group) who underwent surgical treatment (carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting) during this same period at the Department of Neurosurgery.Annual cardiovascular event rate was 0.91% (2/219 person-year) in the group of guideline-oriented medical treatment with an annual check-up for disease management and 5.6% (6/107 person-year) in the surgical group (log-rank P = 0.027; HR in the medical treatment group, 0.19 [medical treatment/surgical]; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.028 to 0.87). Annual stroke event rate was 0.46% (1/219 person-year) in the medical treatment group and 4.7% (5/107 personyear) in the surgical group (log-rank P = 0.016; HR in the medical treatment group, 0.11 [medical treatment/surgical]; 95% CI, 0.0057 to 0.70). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that the surgical group was an independent variable associated with cardiovascular events (P = 0.049).Annual cardiovascular and stroke event rates were low in patients receiving medical treatment for ACAS and better than surgical treatment. The present study shows that medical treatment is an important option for ACAS. PMID:26673440

  11. Combined endodontic and surgical management of a mandibular lateral incisor with a rare type of dens invaginatus.

    PubMed

    Chaniotis, Antonios M; Tzanetakis, Giorgos N; Kontakiotis, Evangelos G; Tosios, Konstantinos I

    2008-10-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation of teeth that most commonly affects permanent maxillary lateral incisors. Presence of dens invaginatus in mandibular permanent teeth is relatively rare. The purpose of this report is to describe the combined nonsurgical and surgical management of a mandibular lateral incisor associated with a rare type of dens invaginatus. Pulp involvement of the malformed tooth, periapical abscess, and severe periodontal destruction were observed. The signs (sinus tracts) and symptoms ceased after completion of the treatment. Satisfactory healing of the periradicular lesion was observed at the 6-month and 2-year follow-up examinations. PMID:18793933

  12. The surgical management and treatment of metastatic lesions in the proximal femur

    PubMed Central

    Feng, Helin; Wang, Jin; Xu, Jianfa; Chen, Wei; Zhang, Yingze

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Review current treatments of metastatic lesions in the proximal femur. We reviewed published literature related to diagnosis and surgical treatments and summarized current treatment options. Surgical management mainly consist of internal fixation, hip replacement, and percutaneous femoroplasty (PFP) which has been newly applied in clinical practice. An appropriate series of treatments is necessary for patients to avoid the occurrence of paraplegia and prolong survival time. PMID:27428183

  13. Familial Adenomatous Polyposis: Challenges and Pitfalls of Surgical Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Warrier, Satish K.; Kalady, Matthew F.

    2012-01-01

    Surgical management of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is complex and requires both sound judgment and technical skills. Because colorectal cancer risk approaches 100%, prophylactic colorectal surgery remains a cornerstone of management. Both patient factors and disease characteristics influence surgical decision-making regarding the timing of prophylactic surgery, the extent of resection, and types of reconstruction. Making appropriate choices can be challenging and there is continued debate regarding optimal strategies. This chapter reviews the controversies in colorectal surgery for FAP. PMID:23730222

  14. [Surgical treatment of clitoral cysts complicating female genital mutilation].

    PubMed

    Diouf, A A; Mbaye, M; Gueye, M; Coly, A N; Moreira, P; Moreau, J C; Diouf, A

    2014-04-01

    We report the surgical management of eight vulvar tumors occurred at the waning of female genital mutilation practiced in childhood. Patients were aged 19 to 38 years. It was essentially excision type 2. Surgical excision of the labia minora with a refund without clitoral plasty gave satisfactory aesthetic and functional results. Histological examination of these tumors showed a single cyst containing keratin without inflammatory reaction. PMID:24440129

  15. Surgical and Antimicrobial Treatment of Prosthetic Vascular Graft Infections at Different Surgical Sites: A Retrospective Study of Treatment Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Elzi, Luigia; Gurke, Lorenz; Battegay, Manuel; Widmer, Andreas F.; Weisser, Maja

    2014-01-01

    Objective Little is known about optimal management of prosthetic vascular graft infections, which are a rare but serious complication associated with graft implants. The goal of this study was to compare and characterize these infections with respect to the location of the graft and to identify factors associated with outcome. Methods This was a retrospective study over more than a decade at a tertiary care university hospital that has an established multidisciplinary approach to treating graft infections. Cases of possible prosthetic vascular graft infection were identified from the hospital's infectious diseases database and evaluated against strict diagnostic criteria. Patients were divided into groups according to the locations of their grafts: thoracic-aortic, abdominal-aortic, or peripheral-arterial. Statistical analyses included evaluation of patient and infection characteristics, time to treatment failure, and factors associated specifically with cure rates in aortic graft infections. The primary endpoint was cure at one year after diagnosis of the infection. Results Characterization of graft infections according to the graft location did show that these infections differ in terms of their characteristics and that the prognosis for treatment seems to be influenced by the location of the infection. Cure rate and all-cause mortality at one year were 87.5% and 12.5% in 24 patients with thoracic-aortic graft infections, 37.0% and 55.6% in 27 patients with abdominal-aortic graft infections, and 70.0% and 30.0% in 10 patients with peripheral-arterial graft infections. In uni- and multivariate analysis, the type of surgical intervention used in managing infections (graft retention versus graft replacement) did not affect primary outcome, whereas a rifampicin-based antimicrobial regimen was associated with a higher cure rate. Conclusions We recommend that future prospective studies differentiate prosthetic vascular graft infections according to the location of the

  16. Technological Advances In The Surgical Treatment Of Movement Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Gross, Robert E.; McDougal, Margaret E.

    2013-01-01

    Technological innovations have driven the advancement of the surgical treatment of movement disorders, from the invention of the stereotactic frame to the adaptation of deep brain stimulation (DBS). Along these lines, this review will describe recent advances in getting neuromodulation modalities, including DBS, to the target; and in the delivery of therapy at the target. Recent radiological advances are altering the way that DBS leads are targeted and inserted, by refining the ability to visualize the subcortical targets using high-field strength MRI and other innovations such as diffusion tensor imaging, and the development of novel targeting devices enabling purely anatomical implantations without the need for neurophysiological monitoring. New portable CT scanners also are facilitating lead implantation without monitoring as well as improving radiological verification of DBS lead location. Advances in neurophysiological mapping include efforts to develop automatic target verification algorithms, and probabilistic maps to guide target selection. The delivery of therapy at the target is being improved by the development of the next generation of internal pulse generators (IPGs). These include constant current devices that mitigate the variability introduced by impedance changes of the stimulated tissue, and in the near future, devices that deliver novel stimulation patterns with improved efficiency. Closed-loop adaptive IPGs are being tested, which may tailor stimulation to ongoing changes in the nervous system reflected in Œbiomarkers1 continuously recorded by the devices. Finer grained DBS leads, in conjunction with new IPGs and advanced programming tools, may offer improved outcomes via Œcurrent steering1 algorithms. Finally, even thermocoagulation - essentially replaced by DBS - is being advanced by new Œminimally-invasive1 approaches that may improve this therapy for selected patients in whom it may be preferred. Functional neurosurgery has a history of

  17. Surgical treatment of pulmonary aspergillosis: A single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Mohapatra, Biswajeet; Sivakumar, Poornima; Bhattacharya, Subhankar; Dutta, Santanu

    2016-01-01

    Background: Aspergillus fumigatus is a saprophytic fungus which colonizes in the cavitary lesions in the lungs. In our part of the world, where tuberculosis is endemic, the healed tubercular cavities form a good nidus for this fungus. The fungus forms a fungal ball or aspergilloma within the cavity, which erodes the walls of the cavity and causes hemoptysis by erosion of the bronchial vessels. Hemoptysis is the main symptom. Antifungal agents are not useful against the fungal ball. Surgery in the form of lobectomy is the primary treatment. Surgery for aspergilloma is known to be risky because of intra-pleural adhesions, obliteration of the interlobar fissures, massive hemorrhage during dissection and poor pulmonary reserve of the patient due to the underlying disease. Materials and Methods: Clinical presentation, radiological investigations, operative techniques, postoperative outcome, and follow-up of 24 cases of pulmonary aspergilloma treated surgically were studied prospectively between August 2010 and July 2013 at IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata. Results: There were 15 male (62.5%) and 9 female (37.5%) patients. Mean age of the study population was 34.54 years. All the patients had complex aspergilloma. Tuberculosis was the underlying disease in 22 patients (91%). Hemoptysis was the main symptom in 79.16% cases. Chest X-ray was the first investigation, which gave a clue to the diagnosis. Computed tomography scan was diagnostic in all cases. Lobectomy was done in 16 patients (66.67%). There was one mortality and the overall complication was 33.33%. The average follow-up period was 21.65 months, during which there was no mortality and no recurrence of hemoptysis in these patients. Conclusions: Though surgery for aspergilloma is considered to be risky, excision of the cavity along with the involved lobe can be done with acceptable morbidity and mortality to provide the patient complete cure and symptom-free survival. PMID:26933300

  18. Lifestyle changes and surgical treatment for hypertension in the elderly.

    PubMed

    Duran-Salgado, Montserrat B; Rubio-Guerra, Alberto F

    2015-01-01

    Hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor that increases morbidity and mortality in the elderly because, numerous factors contribute to development and progression of hypertension in elderly patients, including excessive salt intakes, obesity, physical inactivity and stress. Hypertension treatment usually results in a combination of both, pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic measures. These latter are an essential part of treatment and cannot be replaced by the medication. Non pharmacologic management known as lifestyle modifications has a pivotal role in non-hypertensive and hypertensive individuals. In case of non-hypertensive or pre-hypertensive patients it can prevent hypertension development and in hypertensive people it has the capacity to lower blood pressure levels as well as modify cardiovascular complications. Older people tend more often to treatment resistance so it is increasingly necessary to have other therapeutic resources for patients with difficult control of disease. Minimally invasive techniques are developing that might improve the course of the disease and prevent its complications by a more extended time.In this chapter, we will review components of nonpharmacological treatment of hypertension focusing on the geriatric patient. PMID:25761105

  19. [EFFICACY OF SURGICAL TREATMENT OF VARICOSE DISEASE, DEPENDING ON ADSORPTION-RHEOLOGIC PROPERTIES OF BLOOD].

    PubMed

    Grihn, V K; Kondratenko, P G; Melekhovets, Yu V; Sinyachenko, Yu O; Sinyachenko, O V

    2015-05-01

    Physico-chemical adsorption-rheological properties of venous blood in patients, suffering varicose disease of the lower extremities, and their impact on efficacy of various methods of surgical treatment were studied. Conduction of endovasal laser coagulation in combination with crossectomy have promoted enhancement of operative treatment efficacy in patients in initial terms of observation (in 1 week), in 1 month a complete occlusion of the vein was noted more rarely. Efficacy of a small--power laser ablation with irradiation power of 10 W and less in 4 weeks postoperatively is higher, than of surgical treatment with a laser irradiation power 15 W. In a varicose disease of the lower extremities there were observed the raising of the blood volume toughness, superficial relaxation and superficial stress on background of reduction of the toughness--elasticity module, superficial toughness and superficial elasticity. Crossectomy conduction did not influence the integral dynamics of adsorption--rheological properties of venous blood, but in 1 month after endovasal laser coagulation a normalization of physicchemical parameters of blood was noted. Application of laser irradiation of the 10 W power and less promotes inhibition of the relaxation properties of venous blood; a prognostic meaning owes initial value of the blood volume toughness. PMID:26419035

  20. Treatment of acute lateral ankle ligament rupture in the athlete. Conservative versus surgical treatment.

    PubMed

    Lynch, S A; Renström, P A

    1999-01-01

    Acute lateral ankle ligament sprains are common in young athletes (15 to 35 years of age). Diagnostic and treatment protocols vary. Therapies range from cast immobilisation or acute surgical repair to functional rehabilitation. The lateral ligament complex includes 3 capsular ligaments: the anterior tibiofibular (ATFL), calcaneofibular (CFL) and posterior talofibular (PTFL) ligaments. Injuries typically occur during plantar flexion and inversion; the ATFL is most commonly torn. The CFL and the PTFL can also be injured and, after severe inversion, subtalar joint ligaments are also affected. Commonly, an athlete with a lateral ankle ligament sprain reports having 'rolled over' the outside of their ankle. The entire ankle and foot must be examined to ensure there are no other injuries. Clinical stability tests for ligamentous disruption include the anterior drawer test of ATFL function and inversion tilt test of both ATFL and CFL function. Radiographs may rule out treatable fractures in severe injuries or when pain or tenderness are not associated with lateral ligaments. Stress radiographs do not affect treatment. Ankle sprains are classified from grades I to III (mild, moderate or severe). Grade I and II injuries recover quickly with nonoperative management. A non-operative 'functional treatment' programme includes immediate use of RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation), a short period of immobilisation and protection with a tape or bandage, and early range of motion, weight-bearing and neuromuscular training exercises. Proprioceptive training on a tilt board after 3 to 4 weeks helps improve balance and neuromuscular control of the ankle. Treatment for grade III injuries is more controversial. A comprehensive literature evaluation and meta-analysis showed that early functional treatment provided the fastest recovery of ankle mobility and earliest return to work and physical activity without affecting late mechanical stability. Functional treatment was complication

  1. [Results of surgical treatment of pelvic fractures in polytraumatized patients].

    PubMed

    Roder, J D; Stübinger, B; Gmeinwieser, J; Müller, E; Claudi, B F

    1988-06-01

    High-speed accidents involving automobiles and two-wheeled vehicles with resultant entrapment and crush injuries have led to an ever-increasing incidence of pelvic fracture within the realm of multiple trauma. Between the years 1982 and 1986 ninety-eight cases of pelvic fracture were operatively stabilised by the Department of Surgery and the Outpatient Department of the Technical University, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Munich, West Germany. This paper is a report on fifty-five of these patients who were discovered to have suffered additional multitrauma. Independent from those patients found to have sustained multitraumatisation, twenty-four cases of isolated acetabulum fracture as well as four instances of pelvic ring fracture and one fracture of the pelvic brim were also documented. Combinations of the above mentioned fractures were uncovered in twenty-six patients. With fifty-four of the fracture injuries, osteosynthesis was carried out while in one case primary alloarthroplasty was deemed necessary. Following a mean post-treatment period of twenty-six months forty-five of the patients were objectively evaluated for results of treatment according to the methodology of Merle d'Aubigne. 70% of those patients assessed were rated with a "good" result. At the time of follow-up thirty-five (78%) of the forty-five reexamined individuals reported to be once again employed. Early operative treatment along with internal stabilisation and prompt initiation of physiotherapy have proved decisive in obtaining a favourable postoperative result. PMID:2900595

  2. Combining Biomarkers to Optimize Patient Treatment Recommendations

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Chaeryon; Janes, Holly; Huang, Ying

    2014-01-01

    Summary Markers that predict treatment effect have the potential to improve patient outcomes. For example, the Oncotype DX ® Recurrence Score® has some ability to predict the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy over and above hormone therapy for the treatment of estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer, facilitating the provision of chemotherapy to women most likely to benefit from it. Given that the score was originally developed for predicting outcome given hormone therapy alone, it is of interest to develop alternative combinations of the genes comprising the score that are optimized for treatment selection. However most methodology for combining markers is useful when predicting outcome under a single treatment. We propose a method for combining markers for treatment selection which requires modeling the treatment effect as a function of markers. Multiple models of treatment effect are fit iteratively by upweighting or “boosting” subjects potentially misclassified according to treatment benefit at the previous stage. The boosting approach is compared to existing methods in a simulation study based on the change in expected outcome under marker-based treatment. The approach improves upon methods in some settings and has comparable performance in others. Our simulation study also provides insights as to the relative merits of the existing methods. Application of the boosting approach to the breast cancer data, using scaled versions of the original markers, produces marker combinations that may have improved performance for treatment selection. PMID:24889663

  3. Surgical Management of Combined Intramedullary Arteriovenous Malformation and Perimedullary Arteriovenous Fistula within the Hybrid Operating Room after Five Years of Performing Focus Fractionated Radiotherapy: Case Report

    PubMed Central

    GEKKA, Masayuki; SEKI, Toshitaka; HIDA, Kazutoshi; OSANAI, Toshiya; HOUKIN, Kiyohiro

    2014-01-01

    Perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) shunts occur on the spinal cord surface and can be treated surgically or by endovascular embolization. In contrast, the nidus of an intramedullary arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is located in the spinal cord and is difficult to treat surgically or by endovascular techniques. The benefits of radiotherapy for treating intramedullary AVM have been published, but are anecdotal and consist largely of case reports. We present a case of combined cervical intramedullary AVM and perimedullary AVF which received surgical treatment within a hybrid operating room (OR) after 5 years of focus fractionated radiotherapy. A 37-year-old male presented with stepwise worsening myelopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging and spinal angiography revealed intramedullary AVM and perimedullary AVF at the C3 to C5 levels. In order to reduce nidus size and blood flow, we first performed focal fractionated radiotherapy. Five years later, the lesion volume was reduced. Following this, direct surgery was performed by an anterior approach using corpectomy in the hybrid OR. The spinal cord was monitored by motor-evoked potential throughout the surgery. Complete obliteration of the fistulous connection was confirmed by intraoperative indocyanine green video-angiography and intraoperative angiography, preserving the anterior spinal artery. We conclude that surgical treatment following focal fractionated radiotherapy may become one strategy for patients who are initially deemed ineligible for endovascular embolization and surgical treatment. Furthermore, the hybrid OR enables safe and precise treatment for spinal vascular disorders in the fields of endovascular treatment and neurosurgery. PMID:25367581

  4. Novel Surgical Approaches for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

    PubMed

    Soose, Ryan J

    2016-06-01

    Novel approaches to upper airway anatomic phenotyping, more reconstructive upper airway surgical techniques, and new implantable hypoglossal neurostimulation technology have very favorable potential to improve symptoms and quality-of-life measures, to reduce obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) disease severity and associated cardiovascular risk, and to serve as an adjunct to continuous positive airway pressure, oral appliances, and other forms of OSA medical therapy. Successful surgical therapy depends critically on accurate diagnosis, skillful knowledge and examination of the upper airway anatomy, proper procedure selection, and proficient technical application. PMID:27236056

  5. REMOVAL OF METALS IN COMBINED TREATMENT SYSTEMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    This project assessed the variables influencing the removal of eight metals through combined industrial-municipal treatment plants. The eight metals investigated were: aluminum, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, nickel, and zinc. The metals were studied at subtoxic influent ...

  6. Conceiving a specific holographic combiner for an augmented reality HMD dedicated to surgical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sittler, Gilles; Twardowski, Patrice; Fasquel, Jean-Baptiste; Fontaine, Joël

    2006-04-01

    In this paper, we present the conception of a holographic combiner for an augmented reality Head Mounted Display (HMD) dedicated to surgical applications. The recording of this holographic component has been performed at the Laboratoire des Systemes Photoniques (LSP) in Strasbourg, France. We present in this paper two different approaches for the recording of such a component: one using plane waves, and the other using spherical waves. The setup linked to the first approach has been developed and built, so that measurments of the diffraction efficiency can be shown. For the other way of recording the holographic combiner, we have performed numerical simulations to find the best recording setup to fit our specifications.

  7. The rise and fall of "biopsy and radiate": a history of surgical nihilism in glioma treatment.

    PubMed

    Han, Seunggu J; Sughrue, Michael E

    2012-04-01

    Many neurosurgeons take a nihilistic approach to surgical treatment of gliomas, stating the inability to achieve a cure. Where this idea comes from is somewhat nebulous to most neurosurgeons. A review of the scientific studies supporting the commonly held beliefs about gliomas shows that these ideas regarding the surgical treatment of gliomas are based on overgeneralizations of data from older studies. One should avoid the temptation to apply them to the greater concept of what gliomas are, how they behave, and what should be done, but rather we should continue to scientifically evaluate the role of surgical resection in glioma treatment. PMID:22440864

  8. 78 FR 11207 - Clinical Study Designs for Surgical Ablation Devices for Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-15

    ... clinical trial designs for surgical ablation devices intended for the treatment of atrial fibrillation... September 14, 2009 (74 FR 46996), FDA announced the availability of the draft guidance document. Interested... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Clinical Study Designs for Surgical Ablation Devices...

  9. 38 CFR 3.358 - Compensation for disability or death from hospitalization, medical or surgical treatment...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... disability or death from hospitalization, medical or surgical treatment, examinations or vocational... Special Purposes § 3.358 Compensation for disability or death from hospitalization, medical or surgical... disability resulting from a disease or injury or aggravation of an existing disease or injury suffered as...

  10. Cephalometric analysis and long-term outcomes of orthognathic surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea.

    PubMed

    Ubaldo, E D; Greenlee, G M; Moore, J; Sommers, E; Bollen, A-M

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to describe skeletal and posterior airway changes after orthodontic treatment and surgical jaw advancement, and to evaluate whether there is a correlation between increasing advancement and a long-term reduction in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Lateral cephalograms and polysomnography (apnoea-hypopnoea index, AHI) were collected from patients treated with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) or maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) in combination with orthodontics. Patients completed a questionnaire and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) to assess long-term outcomes. Descriptive statistics for cephalometric measurements and linear regression were performed to find estimates of the final OSA (AHI and ESS) as a function of mandibular advancement. Forty-three patients with surgical advancement of the maxilla (5.2mm) and mandible (8.3mm) had a 4-mm increase in posterior airway. Thirty-three patients completed the long-term survey (6.3±2.6 years after treatment); 91% reported a reduction of OSA and were pleased with their facial appearance. The maxillomandibular and posterior airway increased. There was no evidence of a linear relationship between greater amounts of mandibular advancement and improvement of OSA. Patients with less than 10mm advancement had successful objective short-term and subjective long-term OSA reduction. PMID:25703596

  11. Patient-specific system for prognosis of surgical treatment outcomes of human cardiovascular system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golyadkina, Anastasiya A.; Kalinin, Aleksey A.; Kirillova, Irina V.; Kossovich, Elena L.; Kossovich, Leonid Y.; Menishova, Liyana R.; Polienko, Asel V.

    2015-03-01

    Object of study: Improvement of life quality of patients with high stroke risk ia the main goal for development of system for patient-specific modeling of cardiovascular system. This work is dedicated at increase of safety outcomes for surgical treatment of brain blood supply alterations. The objects of study are common carotid artery, internal and external carotid arteries and bulb. Methods: We estimated mechanical properties of carotid arteries tissues and patching materials utilized at angioplasty. We studied angioarchitecture features of arteries. We developed and clinically adapted computer biomechanical models, which are characterized by geometrical, physical and mechanical similarity with carotid artery in norm and with pathology (atherosclerosis, pathological tortuosity, and their combination). Results: Collaboration of practicing cardiovascular surgeons and specialists in the area of Mathematics and Mechanics allowed to successfully conduct finite-element modeling of surgical treatment taking into account various features of operation techniques and patching materials for a specific patient. Numerical experiment allowed to reveal factors leading to brain blood supply decrease and atherosclerosis development. Modeling of carotid artery reconstruction surgery for a specific patient on the basis of the constructed biomechanical model demonstrated the possibility of its application in clinical practice at approximation of numerical experiment to the real conditions.

  12. Patient-tailored conservative surgical treatment of invasive uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma. A review.

    PubMed

    Menczer, J

    2013-08-01

    The aim of this paper was to review currently available data regarding the results of a more conservative, patient-tailored surgical approach in selected cases of early invasive uterine squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). A PubMed search of investigations in the English language published from January 2000 to September 2012 containing the terms conservative surgery, conservative treatment, trachelectomy, parametrectomy, lymphadenectomy, sentinel lymph node biopsy and fertility sparing surgery in combination with SCC was made. Conization only is optimal for women with stage Ia1 disease mainly in tumors without lymph vascular space involvement (LVSI). In stage Ib1 patients interested to maintain reproductive capacity, vaginal or abdominal radical trachelectomy are the procedures of choice. Patients with small tumors (<2 cm), no deep invasion, no LVSI, and negative pelvic nodes are at very low risk of parametrial involvement and parametrectomy may be omitted in them. Such patients may benefit from less radical surgery and may be candidates for simple hysterectomy, simple trachelectomy, or conization with pelvic lymphadenectomy. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is apparently a good predictor of node metastases and allows the performance of lymphadenectomy only in SLN positive cases. Thus lymphadenectomy may also be omitted in some patients. In young women with locally advanced tumors, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by fertility-sparing surgery may also be a feasible treatment. A more conservative, patient-tailored surgical approach in selected cases of early SCC is possible resulting in lower morbidity and preservation of fertility without compromising the outcome. PMID:24051940

  13. Surgical treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip.

    PubMed

    Wenger, Dennis R

    2014-01-01

    Ideally, developmental dysplasia of the hip is treated early in childhood by nonsurgical methods. If these methods are ineffective, surgical reduction in a nonambulating child is required. A young child (age 6 to 18 months) who requires surgical reduction can be treated by formal anterior open reduction or by the medial Ludloff approach to the hip. Additional bony procedures are usually not required in these young patients. Delayed diagnosis is still common, requiring surgical reduction for children of walking age. These older children usually require formal open reduction (anterior approach) plus an associated bony osteotomy (acetabular, proximal femoral, or, in some cases, both types of osteotomies) to better stabilize the hip. The addition of a proximal femoral derotational shortening osteotomy for open reduction in older children was first used in children older than 3 years, but now it is commonly used in children as young as 2 years. This osteotomy decreases the forces on the reduced hip and minimizes the chances for redislocation and osteonecrosis. In all surgical procedures for developmental dysplasia of the hip, the surgeon must avoid too great a focus on bony osteotomies because the management of soft-tissue abnormalities is critical in achieving a stable reduction. PMID:24720317

  14. Surgical Treatment and Clinical Outcome of Nonfunctional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Min; Zeng, Lin; Zhang, Yi; Su, An-ping; Yue, Peng-ju; Tian, Bo-le

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Our primary aim of the present study was to analyze the clinical characteristics and surgical outcome of nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (non-F-P-NETs), with an emphasis on evaluating the prognostic value of the newly updated 2010 grading classification of the World Health Organization (WHO). Data of 55 consecutive patients who were surgically treated and pathologically diagnosed as non-F-P-NETs in our single institution from January 2000 to December 2013 were retrospectively collected. This entirety comprised of 55 patients (31 males and 24 females), with a mean age of 51.24 ± 12.95 years. Manifestations of non-F-P-NETs were nonspecific. Distal pancreatectomy, pancreaticoduodenectomy, and local resection of pancreatic tumor were the most frequent surgical procedures, while pancreatic fistula was the most common but acceptable complication (30.3%). The overall 5-year survival rate of this entire cohort was 41.0%, with a median survival time of 60.4 months. Patients who underwent R0 resections obtained a better survival than those who did not (P < 0.005). As for the prognostic analysis, tumor size and lymph invasion were only statistically significant in univariate analysis (P = 0.046 and P < 0.05, respectively), whereas the newly updated 2010 grading classification of WHO (G1 and G2 vs G3), distant metastasis, and surgical margin were all meaningful in both univariate and multivariate analysis (P = 0.045, 0.001, and 0.042, respectively). Non-F-P-NETs are a kind of rare neoplasm, with mostly indolent malignancy. Patients with non-F-P-NETs could benefit from the radical resections. The new WHO criteria, distant metastasis and surgical margin, might be independent predictors for the prognosis of non-F-P-NETs. PMID:25396335

  15. [Analysis of the causes of failure in surgical treatment of cancer of the larynx].

    PubMed

    Semczuk, B; Sekuła, J; Szmeja, Z; Janczewski, G; Kruk-Zagajewska, A; Olszewski, E; Niedzielska, G; Horoch, A; Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, E; Sieradzki, A

    1991-01-01

    In the years 1985-1990 within the group of 2769 patients operated upon for laryngeal cancer in four medical centres (Kraków, Poznań, Warszawa, Lublin), a clinical analysis on surgical treatment failures was performed. The most significant reasons of failures were: the highly advanced age of patients, coexistent diseases, in particular the cardiopulmonary disease; poor information of neoplastic diseases (carcinomas) and delayed referral to the doctor; lack of consent for surgical treatment; old fashioned diagnostic methods; prolonged period of making diagnosis; increasing number of patients with supra-glottic localization including the hypo-pharynx and piriform recess; a considerable degree of organ ++cancer advancement and substantial clinical advancement; not radical excision of neck glands; intra-surgical blood transfusion; micrometastases to lymphatic glands; immunity collapse; discontinuance of post-surgical radiation on affected parts; lack of lymphadenectomy backward from accessory nerve ; massive cancer metastases to lymph nodes; high histologic malignancy with characteristic carcinous invasiveness; and finally, surgical and post-surgical early and late complications ranginy within our material from 25% to 29% of surgical patients. Basing on the above mentioned analysis, the authors developed indications for surgical treatment of laryngeal cancer. PMID:1795920

  16. Taking Control: Non-Surgical Treatment Options for Urinary Incontinence in Women

    MedlinePlus

    ... UI? Taking Control: Non-surgical Treatment Options for Urinary Incontinence in Women What is UI? “Taking Control” (5- ... own home. Page 0 Page 2 What is urinary incontinence (UI)? Taking Control (5-minute video) Click on ...

  17. [Combination treatment in pulmonary arterial hypertension].

    PubMed

    Kramer, Mordechai R

    2011-04-01

    In recent years, there has been a marked improvement in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) due to the development of targeted therapies. There are now several treatment options available--oral, inhaled, and those delivered by subcutaneous or intravenous methods. These treatments have greatly improved patient survival, which in the past was 2.5 years on average. Efficient treatment choice generally proceeds from oral therapies--PDE-5 inhibitors (sildenafil) and endothelin receptor antagonists (bosentan or ambrisentan)--to inhaled prostanoids (iloprost) or subcutaneous (treprostinil). Intravenous prostacyclins are used in treating the more severe cases. The different pathways of action of each class of drugs allow a synergistic effect of combination therapy similar to malignancy or patients in congestive heart failure. The updated treatment algorithm includes combinations of therapies that target different pathways. This article will review the literature regarding combination therapy for the treatment of PAH. Combining PAH therapies that target different pathways is now a well-established treatment option, based on numerous international clinical trials, and offers new hope to patients suffering from this severe disease. PMID:22164922

  18. Abutment-Supported Papilla: A Combined Surgical and Prosthetic Approach to Papilla Reformation.

    PubMed

    Urban, Istvan A; Klokkevold, Perry R; Takei, Henry H

    2016-01-01

    Restoration of lost interdental papilla remains one of the most challenging goals for clinicians. When a single tooth is replaced with an implant, the papilla between the tooth and the implant can often be maintained or predictably reconstructed as long as the periodontal attachment and bone of the adjacent tooth is preserved. However, if the periodontal support is compromised on the neighboring natural tooth, the papilla will often be deficient or missing. This article presents a multidisciplinary treatment approach to regenerate the interdental papilla between an implant and a periodontally compromised tooth using surgical procedures and a customized abutment. Specifically, an abutment with modified subgingival contours is used to enhance support of the surgically reformed papilla. PMID:27560670

  19. Surgical treatment of temporomandibular joint ankyloses: meniscus conservation and relocation.

    PubMed

    Rinna, Claudio; Reale, Gabriele; Calvani, Francesco; Cascone, Piero

    2013-03-01

    Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint is a serious complication, mainly after trauma and local or systemic infection. In rare cases, ankylosis is associated with systemic disease such as ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriasis. According to the functional restriction and the provoked disturbances of facial growth in the youth, an early and effective therapy is desirable. There is a wide variety of surgical approaches to temporomandibular joint ankylosis, ranging from chondro-osseous grafts to prothesis. In the article the authors present the clinical case of a 60-year-old patient who, at the age of 6, accidentally fell from a height of about 2 m. In 60 years old, after removing the temporomandibular ankylosis with surgical technique, patient showed a marked improvement of mandibular kinetics. PMID:23524812

  20. Surgical treatment of degenerative osteoarthritis of the fingers.

    PubMed

    Rongières, M

    2013-09-01

    Degenerative osteoarthritis of the long fingers is rare and surgical management is often necessary if there is joint pain, however this indication should not only be based on radiographic imaging. The specific anatomical problems of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP), proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints are described. The surgical approach for each joint is described as well as functional management, in particular that of the extensor apparatus. Mobility should always be preserved for the MCP, arthroplasties are recommended for the PIP except for the index, and arthrodesis for the DIP. The different and most frequently used implants are described as well as the indications and expected results. The indications are discussed in relation to the limited results in the literature as well as the preferences of a panel of French hand surgeons. PMID:23684245

  1. Surgical Treatment of Pediatric Upper Limb Spasticity: The Shoulder.

    PubMed

    Seruya, Mitchel; Johnson, Joshua D

    2016-02-01

    The shoulder joint is essential for placing the hand in a functional position for reach and overhead activities. This depends on the delicate balance between abductor/adductor and internal/external rotator muscles. Spasticity alters this equilibrium, limiting the interaction of the upper limb with the environment. Classically, pediatric patients with upper limb spasticity present with an adduction and internal rotation contracture of the shoulder. These contractures are typically secondary to spasticity of the pectoralis major and subscapularis muscles and sometimes attributed to the latissimus dorsi muscle. Fractional lengthening, Z-step lengthening, or tendon release of the contributing muscle groups may help correct the adduction and internal rotation contractures. With proper diagnosis, a well-executed surgical plan, and a consistent hand rehabilitation regimen, successful surgical outcomes can be achieved. PMID:26869863

  2. Radiofrequency for the Treatment of Lumbar Radicular Pain: Impact on Surgical Indications

    PubMed Central

    Trinidad, José Manuel; Carnota, Ana Isabel; Failde, Inmaculada; Torres, Luis Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Study Design. Quasiexperimental study. Objective. To investigate whether radiofrequency treatment can preclude the need for spinal surgery in both the short term and long term. Background. Radiofrequency is commonly used to treat lumbosacral radicular pain. Only few studies have evaluated its effects on surgical indications. Methods. We conducted a quasiexperimental study of 43 patients who had been scheduled for spinal surgery. Radiofrequency was indicated for 25 patients. The primary endpoint was the decision of the patient to reject spinal surgery 1 month and 1 year after treatment (pulsed radiofrequency of dorsal root ganglion, 76%; conventional radiofrequency of the medial branch, 12%; combined technique, 12%). The primary endpoint was the decision of the patient to reject spinal surgery 1 month and 1 year after treatment. In addition, we also evaluated adverse effects, ODI, NRS. Results. We observed after treatment with radiofrequency 80% of patients rejected spinal surgery in the short term and 76% in the long term. We conclude that radiofrequency is a useful treatment strategy that can achieve very similar outcomes to spinal surgery. Patients also reported a very high level of satisfaction (84% satisfied/very satisfied). We also found that optimization of the electrical parameters of the radiofrequency improved the outcome of this technique. PMID:26351581

  3. Spontaneous recanalization of occluded internal carotid artery after minor stroke. The role of surgical treatment.

    PubMed

    Adovasio, R; Ziani, B; Settembre, N; Bussani, R; Zamolo, F

    2008-10-01

    Late spontaneous recanalization of internal carotid artery is a very rare event. We describe three cases which came to our observation in which the occlusion was demonstrated both by angiography and Doppler ultrasound. Two of them had surgical treatment and the histological exam of the plaque showed multiple recanalization foci. Our experience confirmed the possibility of a successful surgical treatment that offers a good patency in the short and medium term. PMID:19597408

  4. Open re-rupture of the Achilles tendon after surgical treatment.

    PubMed

    Hanada, Mitsuru; Takahashi, Masaaki; Matsuyama, Yukihiro

    2011-09-28

    The rate of re-rupture of Achilles tendon after surgical treatment were reported to 1.7-5.6% previously. Re-rupture of Achilles tendon generally occurs subcutaneously. We experienced two rare cases of the open re-ruptures of Achilles tendon with a transverse wound perpendicular to the primary surgical incision. Re-rupture occurred 4 and 13 weeks after surgical treatment. We suggest that open re-rupture correlates more closely with skin scaring and shortening. Another factor may be adhesion between the subcutaneous scar and the suture of the paratenon and Achilles tendon with post-operative immobilization. PMID:24765375

  5. Open re-rupture of the Achilles tendon after surgical treatment

    PubMed Central

    Hanada, Mitsuru; Takahashi, Masaaki; Matsuyama, Yukihiro

    2011-01-01

    The rate of re-rupture of Achilles tendon after surgical treatment were reported to 1.7–5.6% previously. Re-rupture of Achilles tendon generally occurs subcutaneously. We experienced two rare cases of the open re-ruptures of Achilles tendon with a transverse wound perpendicular to the primary surgical incision. Re-rupture occurred 4 and 13 weeks after surgical treatment. We suggest that open re-rupture correlates more closely with skin scaring and shortening. Another factor may be adhesion between the subcutaneous scar and the suture of the paratenon and Achilles tendon with post-operative immobilization. PMID:24765375

  6. Rescue of a periodontally compromised tooth by non-surgical treatment: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Purpose This article describes a case of the successful non-surgical management of a periodontally compromised maxillary premolar. Methods A combination therapy, including root planing, occlusal adjustment, and tooth splinting, was applied. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed during the 16-month follow-up period. Results All periodontal parameters were improved. There were dramatic decreases (3–6 mm) in the probing pocket depth, tooth mobility, and marginal bone loss. Interestingly, gradual resolution of the periapical radiolucency and alveolar bone regeneration were observed in the radiographs, and the periodontal condition was maintained during the follow-up period. Conclusions Within the limits of this study, these results demonstrate the importance of natural tooth preservation through proper periodontal treatment and occlusal adjustment of the periodontally compromised tooth, which is typically targeted for tooth extraction and dental implantation. PMID:27127693

  7. Is it safe to combine abdominoplasty and posterior vaginal repair in one surgical session?

    PubMed Central

    Farroha, Azzam S. M.; Hanna, Hala S. Y.

    2008-01-01

    Many multiparous women complain of protruded and pendulous abdomens and vaginal outlet relaxation which affect their sexual relationships with their male partners. This study included 47 patients who had these complaints. Some of these patients were working outside the homes and all were mothers of 2–5 children. Due of their home and job responsibilities, they did not have enough time or money for multiple surgeries in more than one session. Material and Methods: The age of these patients was 26–54 years and all patients had poor skin elasticity, pendulous excess subcutaneous fat and skin below the level of the anterior vulvar commissure, and a lax musculoaponeurotic anterior abdominal wall. Also, all patients had a relaxed vaginal outlet and 32 patients had rectocele. Careful perioperative assessment and management was done for each patient to ensure fitness for the long operation and to avoid complications. The combined surgical session consisted of two steps: abdominoplasty and posterior vaginal repair. All the patients were kept in the hospital for two days and they returned to their usual routines in the third week after surgery, and they resumed their sexual relationships with their male partners in the sixth week after surgery. Results: There were no serious complications and this approach was convenient for the patients and their families. The recovery time of the combined surgical session was the same as that of just abdominoplasty, and significantly less than the sum of the recovery periods if the two surgeries had been performed in two sessions. The cost of the combined surgical session was significantly less than doing the surgeries in two sessions. All the patients had significant improvement in their sexual relationships. PMID:19753251

  8. Efficiency of Various Cerebral Protection Techniques Used during the Surgical Treatment of Chronic Pulmonary Thromboembolism

    PubMed Central

    Kamenskaya, Oksana Vasilyevna; Cherniavsky, Alexander Mikhailovich; Klinkova, Asya Stanislavovna; Cherniavsky, Mikhail Alexandrovich; Meshkov, Ivan Olegovich; Lomivorotov, Vladimir Vladimirovich; Kornilov, Igor Anatolyevich; Karaskov, Alexander Mikhailovich

    2015-01-01

    Abstract: Circulatory arrest during pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) for chronic pulmonary embolism leads to an increased risk of cerebral ischemia and neurological complications. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of various cerebral protection techniques used during the surgical treatment of chronic pulmonary thromboembolism. We prospectively studied 61 patients with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism who underwent PTE. We compared the dynamics of cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2, %) during the surgical treatment and analyzed neurological complications during the early postoperative period in two groups of patients: 30 patients who underwent surgery under conditions of moderate hypothermia (23°C–24°C) combined with antegrade unilateral cerebral perfusion (ACP group) and 31 patients who underwent thromboendarterectomy under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (18°C, DHCA group) combined with craniocerebral hypothermia. In the ACP group, regional rSO2 decreased by less than 20% from baseline during the course of PTE. In the DHCA group, a more profound reduction of cerebral oxygen supply (by >30% from baseline) was recorded compared with the ACP group (p < .05). During the early postoperative period, 29% of patients in the DHCA group exhibited neurological complications, compared with only 7% of patients from the ACP group. The results of logistic regression analysis indicated that the risk of progressive neurological deficit depended on the duration of the intraoperative period when the absolute values of regional rSO2 were <40%. The method with the best adjustment to human physiology in patients with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism was antegrade cerebral perfusion. This method provides a smaller decrease in cerebral oxygen supply during thromboendarterectomy and significantly reduces the risk of ischemia and neurological complications in the early postoperative period. PMID:26405357

  9. Tactical and surgical techniques issues in the surgical treatment of incisional hernias

    PubMed Central

    Gangură, AG; Palade, RŞ

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Within five years, between 2006 and 2011, a total of 368 incisional hernias have been operated in the Surgery Clinic 1, University Emergency Hospital Bucharest. The study followed the morphological and biological parameters, associated pathology, tactics and surgical technique used and postoperative morbidity. The average age of patients was 61.75 years, female sex was predominant (81.25%), and incisional hernias were large and giant in a percentage of 73.37%. Locations were predominantly median (83.42%). Recurrent incisional hernias and multiple relapsed hernias represented 25.54%. Associated pathology was dominated by obesity (51,09%) and cardiovascular disease (37,77%). We have used both methods of tissue procedures (22.83%), and the prosthetic procedures (77.17%). Prosthetic techniques, retro muscle fitting mesh in the rectus abdominis muscle sheath (Rives-Stoppa technique), fitting ov er the fascia and tissue replacement techniques were performed. Immediate postoperative morbidity was represented by seroma (14.13%), prolonged postoperative ileus (8.69%), prolonged hematic drainage (6.52%), and hematoma (1.9%). Late postoperative morbidity was given by granulomas (5.7%) and recurrence of incisional hernias (4.34%). Good and very good results were obtained in the 89.96% of the operated cases. PMID:25408770

  10. Talus fractures: surgical principles.

    PubMed

    Rush, Shannon M; Jennings, Meagan; Hamilton, Graham A

    2009-01-01

    Surgical treatment of talus fractures can challenge even the most skilled foot and ankle surgeon. Complicated fracture patterns combined with joint dislocation of variable degrees require accurate assessment, sound understanding of principles of fracture care, and broad command of internal fixation techniques needed for successful surgical care. Elimination of unnecessary soft tissue dissection, a low threshold for surgical reduction, liberal use of malleolar osteotomy to expose body fracture, and detailed attention to fracture reduction and joint alignment are critical to the success of treatment. Even with the best surgical care complications are common and seem to correlate with injury severity and open injuries. PMID:19121756

  11. Surgical correction of cryptotia combined with intraoperative distention using isotonic saline injection and rotation flap method.

    PubMed

    Uemura, Tetsuji; Matsumoto, Naozumi; Tanabe, Tsuyoshi; Saitoh, Tomoichi; Matsushita, Shigeto; Mitsukawa, Nobuyuki

    2005-05-01

    The following report describes the combination of surgical correction with intraoperative distention using isotonic saline injection and the rotation flap method for correction of cryptotia. This technique provided extensive skin coverage of the upper portion of the auricle and was an easy and quick method of dissecting the cartilage of the posterior auricle. The main advantages of this technique include achievement of skin expansion without the need for expander material, simple design of the skin incision, and easy dissection of the cartilage. Although one patient experienced partial congestion in the upper tip of the rotation flap, no other complications occurred. Further, cryptotia did not recur. PMID:15915119

  12. Fluorescence diagnostics of metastatic lesion of regional lymph nodes upon surgical treatment of breast cancer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Filonenko, E. V.; Pak, D. D.; Yanikova, A. G.

    2013-06-01

    We have performed intraoperative fluorescence diagnostics of 60 patients for metastases of breast cancer to regional lymph nodes. All the patients were divided into two groups. The first group consisted of 50 patients, which were surgically treated at the first stage. The second group consisted of ten patients, which underwent combined treatment. At the first stage, they received from two to four courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and, at the second stage, the surgical intervention was performed. The intraoperative fluorescence diagnostics was performed using the preparation alasens (precursor of protoporphyrin IX in the human organism). The occurrence of fluorescence of alasens-induced protoporphyrin IX was determined visually and using the local fluorescence spectroscopy method. Altogether, 498 lymph nodes were examined: 408 in the first group and 90 in the second one. For the first group, the sensitivity of the method was found to be 87.2%, and its specificity, 94.8%; in the second group, these parameters were determined to be 77 and 78%, respectively. The first experience of the application of the intraoperative fluorescence diagnostics of metastatic lesion of lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer has shown its high efficiency and application potential.

  13. Analysis of surgical complications of primary tumor resection after neoadjuvant treatment in stage IV colon cancer

    PubMed Central

    Martínez, Patricia; Baixauli, Jorge; Pastor, Carlos; Rodríguez, Javier; Pardo, Fernando; Rotellar, Fernando; Chopitea, Ana; Hernández-Lizoáin, José Luís

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Assess the surgical complications of primary tumor resection in stage IV colon cancer patients previously treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods Between July 2001 and September 2010, 67 consecutive patients received preoperative chemotherapy. Clinical and surgical complications were obtained from the medical records. This study was retrospective in design. Results All patients were affected with liver metastasis, and 29.8% had metastasis in additional organs. Three different schemes of preoperative chemotherapy were employed, based on FOLFIRI, XELOXIRI or XELOX plus cetuximab. Eighteen patients (26.8%) reported some side effects to the chemotherapy, without contraindicating any intervention. All patients underwent colon surgery and within those, eight patients (11.9%), underwent liver surgery simultaneously. Median hospital admission was 8 [3-29] days. The perioperative complication rate was 16.2%, when the estimated physiological and operative severity score for the enumeration of mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) was 58.3%. There was not perioperative mortality, despite the mortality prediction for Portsmouth-POSSUM (P-POSSUM) being 5.07%. No differences were observed between the chemotherapy regimen (P=0.72) or the kind of the surgery—simple or combined (P=0.58). Conclusions Neoadjuvant chemotherapy as a systemic treatment for stage IV colon cancer does not indicate surgery contraindication nor increases postoperative morbimortality by a significant amount. PMID:24772343

  14. Progress in the surgical treatment of malignant liver tumors in children.

    PubMed

    Otte, Jean-Bernard

    2010-06-01

    During the last decade, important progress has been made in the surgical treatment of malignant liver tumors in children. For hepatoblastoma, there is a general consensus for combining surgical resection with neoadjuvant (and adjuvant) chemotherapy. Long-term disease-free survival of around 85-90% can be achieved for resectable HB involving no more than three sections of the liver (PRETEXT I-III). For unresectable HB without extrahepatic invasion (PRETEXT IV with involvement of all four sections and some cases of PRETEXT III with invasion of, or close contact with major venous structures), similar results can be obtained with total hepatectomy and liver transplantation. For hepatocellular carcinoma, most often without underlying liver disease in children of the western world, results of resection with partial hepatectomy remain dismal, due to a high rate of recurrence. In contrast, remarkable survival rates have been obtained during the last decade with liver transplantation. There is no argument, either biological or based on evidence, that the selection of pediatric candidates for transplantation should be based on the same criteria as in adult patients (the Milan criteria). Optimization of results require to concentrate children with a malignant liver tumors in specialized, multidisciplinary pediatric centers with expertise in chemotherapy and in both major liver resections and transplantation. Enrolling these children in prospective trials should be encouraged, as well as prospective registration of transplanted patients in PLUTO (Pediatric Liver Unresectable Tumor Observatory-http://Pluto.cineca.org) in order to clarify issues unresolved by retrospective studies. PMID:20227190

  15. Current trends in the surgical management and treatment of adult glioblastoma

    PubMed Central

    Young, Richard M.; Jamshidi, Aria; Davis, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    This manuscript discusses the current surgical management of glioblastoma. This paper highlights the common pathophysiology attributes of glioblastoma, surgical options for diagnosis/treatment, current thoughts of extent of resection (EOR) of tumor, and post-operative (neo)adjuvant treatment. Glioblastoma is not a disease that can be cured with surgery alone, however safely performed maximal surgical resection is shown to significantly increase progression free and overall survival while maximizing quality of life. Upon invariable tumor recurrence, re-resection also is shown to impact survival in a select group of patients. As adjuvant therapy continues to improve survival, the role of surgical resection in the treatment of glioblastoma looks to be further defined. PMID:26207249

  16. Evaluation of surgical treatment of Dupuytren's disease by modified open palm technique☆☆☆

    PubMed Central

    Guilhen, Thiago Almeida; Vieira, Ana Beatriz Macedo; de Castro, Marcelo Claudiano; Hirata, Helton Hiroshi; Machado, Itibagi Rocha

    2014-01-01

    Objective to assess the surgical technique using the modified palm open technique for the treatment of severe contractions of Dupuytren's disease. Methods over a period of four years, 16 patients underwent surgical treatment, and in its entirety belonged to stages III and IV of the classification proposed by Tubiana et al. We performed measurements of the extension deficit of the metacarpophalangeal joints, proximal and distal interphalangeal in preoperative, postoperative (3 months) and late postoperative period (5–8 years). Angles greater than 30° metacarpophalangeal joints and 15° proximal interphalangeal the results were considered surgical recurrence. Results there was obtained an average of 6.3° at the metacarpophalangeal joint, 13.8° in the proximal interphalangeal and distal interphalangeal at 1.9°. Conclusion the modified open palm technique is an effective method in the surgical treatment of severe contractures in Dupuytren's disease. PMID:26229769

  17. [Fractures and slipped epiphyses of the proximal humerus in children. Place and methods of surgical treatment].

    PubMed

    Guibert, L; Allouis, M; Bourdelat, D; Catier, P; Bracq, H; Babut, J M

    1983-01-01

    Fractures and Epiphyseal separations of the proximal humerus are usually non-operatively treated with a generally good result. However, sometimes, a surgical treatment may be required. Twenty fractures of the proximal humerus occurring in children were treated operatively. From these 20 cases, the authors precise the indications and the ways of surgical treatment in this type of lesion. They insist upon the value of the angulation on the lateral radiograph of the shoulder which, if important, may often signify an interposition of the tendon of the long head of the biceps between the fracture fragments causing irreductibility; they propose a classification of the fractures referring to this angle. Considering surgical procedure, delto-pectoral approach is the most commonly used, although axillary way is more esthaetic. Kirschner wires and screws are the best means of synthesis. Anyway, this surgical treatment has to remain exceptional. PMID:6627539

  18. [Surgical treatment and localization techniques in primary hyperparathyroidism].

    PubMed

    Marazuela, Mónica; Domínguez-Gadea, Luis; Manuel Bravo-Linfante, José; Larrañaga, Eduardo

    2009-04-01

    Parathyroidectomy is the only definitive cure for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). While bilateral neck exploration has been the conventional surgical approach and the mainstay of therapy, recent advances in technology have revolutionized the field, making a focused or minimally invasive approach to parathyroidectomy a reality. This change has taken place because of the development of accurate preoperative localization techniques able to select patients who have single-gland parathyroid disease (single adenoma) and can be managed by a minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. Currently, the most reliable and practical diagnostic procedure is (99m)TC-sestamibi parathyroid scintigraphy, using different protocols depending on the institution's logistics and experience (classical dual-phase, oblique projections, various subtraction techniques and/or single photon-emission computed tomography or SPECT). Ultrasound has emerged as a complementary technique in the preoperative evaluation of PHPT, which can be used when scintigraphy is negative or as a confirmatory test. When these procedures fail to identify the enlarged gland, other non-invasive procedures such as computed tomographic scanning or magnetic resonance imaging are used in selected cases. A variety of surgical techniques have been employed to achieve a safe and effective minimally invasive procedure. These techniques include mini-incision unilateral parathyroid exploration and endoscopic, video-assisted and radio-guided parathyroidectomy. With optimized preoperative mapping, the success rate of these less invasive techniques equals that of the traditional bilateral approach. This review summarizes the imaging techniques and rationale for preoperative localization studies that are used before parathyroidectomy, as well as the current surgical approaches. PMID:19627757

  19. Early results after surgical treatment of left Ventricular Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is a serious complication of myocardial infarction and reduces the chances of survival. Controversy still exists regarding the optimal surgical technique for LVA repair. We analyze the efficacy of two techniques, linear vs. endoventricular circular patch plasty, for repair of LVA and the efficacy of surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) on beating heart. Methods This study included 62 patients who underwent SVR from 1086 consecutive patients were subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) between 2000 and 2009. All selected patients were divided either into group liner or patch according to the choice of the repair technique depended on factors such as localization, size and dimension of the scar. The patients also were divided either into group beating heart or cardioplegia. The pre-, intra- and postoperative relevant data of all selected patients were analyzed. Results The mortality was not significantly different between linear and patch repair groups, also the actuarial survival rates within 24 months (p= 0.529). Postoperative echocardiographic findings showed significant improvements in left ventricular function in both groups. The beating heart technique reduced postoperative peak release by 27% for Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) compared with the cardioplegia group (0.46 ± 0.06 ng/mL versus 0.63 ± 0.09 ng/mL, p= 0.004), and increased the perioperative survival by 9% (97.2% versus 88.5%), but the actuarial survival rates were not significantly different between the groups from 2 to 24 months (p= 0.151). Conclusions Both techniques (linear and patch) achieved good results with respect to mortality, functional status and survival. The choice of surgical technique should be adapted in each patient. The beating heart technique may to some extent relieve myocardial injury in patients undergoing SVR. PMID:23171698

  20. Is nonstructural bone graft useful in surgical treatment of lumbar spinal tuberculosis?

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Jia-Ming; Chen, Xuan-Yin; Zhou, Yang; Long, Xin-Hua; Chen, Wen-Zhao; Liu, Zhi-Li; Huang, Shan-Hu; Yao, Hao-Qun

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Surgical intervention is an important option for treating spinal tuberculosis. Previous studies have reported different surgical procedures and bone grafts for it. To our knowledge, few studies demonstrated the clinical results of using nonstructural autogenous bone graft in surgical treatment of spinal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes of surgical management lumbar spinal tuberculosis by one-stage posterior debridement with nonstructural autogenous bone grafting and instrumentation versus anterior debridement, strut bone grafting combined with posterior instrumentation. A total of 58 consecutive patients who underwent surgical treatment due to lumbar spinal tuberculosis from January 2011 to December 2013 were included. A total of 22 patients underwent one-stage posterior debridement, nonstructural autogenous bone grafting, and instrumentation (group A), and 36 patients received anterior debridement, strut bone grafting combined with posterior instrumentation (group B). The operative duration, total blood loss, perioperative transfusion, length of hospital stay, hospitalization cost, and complications were recorded. The bony fusion of the graft was assessed by computed tomography scans. American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale was used to evaluate the neurological function of patients in the 2 groups. All the patients were followed up, with a mean follow-up duration of 21.6 ± 5.7 months in group A and 22.3 ± 6.2 months in group B (P = 0.47). The average operative duration was 257.5 ± 91.1 minutes in group A and 335.7 ± 91.0 minutes in group B (P = 0.002). The mean total blood loss was 769.6 ± 150.9 mL in group A and 1048.6 ± 556.9 mL in group B (P = 0.007). Also, significant differences were found between the 2 groups in perioperative transfusion volumes, length of hospital stay, and hospitalization cost (P < 0.05), which were less in group A

  1. Combination Levothyroxine + Liothyronine Treatment in Pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Foeller, Megan E; Silver, Robert M

    2015-09-01

    Hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrine disorders in young women and affects 3% to 4% of all pregnancies. Inadequately treated maternal hypothyroidism is associated with numerous adverse fetal and maternal outcomes. Because of growing popularity of levothyroxine (L-T4) + liothyronine (L-T3) combination therapy for hypothyroidism in nonpregnant individuals, pregnant women are taking these medications with increasing frequency. This article reviews the theoretical dangers of combination L-T4 + L-T3 treatment during pregnancy by outlining physiological regulation of maternal and fetal thyroid homeostasis, proposed adverse fetal outcomes to combination therapy, and current recommendations on thyroid replacement in pregnancy from professional societies. PMID:26403562

  2. Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment of Hepatic Hydatid Disease

    PubMed Central

    Sözüer, Erdoğan M.

    1992-01-01

    In this report two hundred and twenty six patients with hydatid disease were admitted to the Surgical Department of Erciyes University (Kayseri) and Şişli Etfal Hospital (Istanbul) between 1978 and 1990 and reviewed retrospectively. One hundred and two patients (45.1%) were male and 124 (54.9%) female. In the patients with hydatid cysts the most frequent symptom was right upper abdominal pain (66%). The most frequent signs were hepatomegaly (43.8%) and palpable mass (39%). One hundred and sixty seven patients (73.9%) were examined with ultrasonography which has a diagnostic value of 94%. Preoperative complications were infection of cyst (7%), intrabiliary rupture (3.5%) and anaphylactic shock (0.4%). All patients were operated on by using various surgical techniques; omentoplasty (101), external drainage of residual cavity (64), marsupialization (25), capitonnage (15), introflexion (10), pericystectomy (6), and hepatic resection (5). The main postoperative complications were wound infection (12%) and biliary fistula (2.6%). The total mortality rate was 1.8% in this series. PMID:1467317

  3. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF SEVERE OBESITY IN TEENS: LATE RESULTS

    PubMed Central

    FERRAZ, Álvaro Antônio Bandeira; de SIQUEIRA, Luciana Teixeira; NORONHA, Clarissa Guedes; de HOLANDA, Danilo Belem Rodrigues; de ARAÚJO-JÚNIOR, José Guido Corrêa; MUNIZ, Mariana Gomes

    2015-01-01

    Background : In children is estimated that the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased up to five times in developed countries and up to four in developing countries. In Brazil, the proportion of children and adolescents who are overweight also increased from approximately 4.1% to 13.9%. Aim : To evaluate the surgical results of severe obesity in adolescents. Methods : Retrospective descriptive study of 2737 patients with severe obesity that underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass selecting from the total 44 patients with mean age of 18.1 years, 14 males and 30 females, most (37) operated by laparotomy. There was follow-up of 20 patients (45.45%). All were followed preoperatively by a multidisciplinary team and had indication confirmed for surgical unanimous approval of all team members. Results : Among the 20 adolescent, 14 were female. From five teenagers using anti-hypertension or hypoglycemic drugs before surgery, four (80%) had drug discontinuation and one (20%) reduced the dose in 50% postoperatively. The average weight loss was 45.4 kg after a mean follow up of 60 months. There were no deaths or severe postoperative complications. Among those who underwent postoperative follow-up with a multidisciplinary team, 18 were with BMI<30. Conclusions : Adolescents undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has good response in relation to weight loss and improvement of comorbidities. There was a low rate of complications and no deaths. All patients were satisfied with their personal results. PMID:26537264

  4. [Combination treatment of hypertension in 2015].

    PubMed

    Špinar, Jindřich; Vítovec, Jiří; Špinarová, Lenka; Bendová, Miroslava

    2015-05-01

    We present an overview of the present views on combination treatment and on fixed combinations in the treatment of hypertension according to guidelines of ESH/ESC and ČSH from 2013. The most frequently recommended dual combinations include a blocker of the renin-angiotensin system (ACEI or sartan) and a calcium channel blocker, and further a blocker of the renin-angiotensin system and a diuretic and a calcium channel blocker and a diuretic. In 2014 a fixed-dose combination of an ACE inhibitor (perindopril), a calcium channel blocker (amlodipine) and an diuretic (indapamide) appeared on the Czech market. Within the PIANIST study including 4 731 insufficiently controlled hypertensives, a fixed-dose triple combination of perindopril, amlodipine and indapamide led to a decrease in blood pressure by 28.3/13.8 mm Hg and to a sufficient control of hypertension in 92 % of patients. The advantage of fixed combinations primarily consists in greater compliance of patients and thereby in a better control of hypertension. About 1/3 of hypertensives need a triple combination for a satisfactory blood pressure control. PMID:26075856

  5. Gamma Knife surgical treatment for partially embolized cerebral arteriovenous malformations.

    PubMed

    Huo, Xiaochuan; Jiang, Yuhua; Lv, Xianli; Yang, Hongchao; Zhao, Yang; Li, Youxiang

    2016-03-01

    OBJECT A combination of embolization and radiosurgery is used as a common strategy for the treatment of large and complex cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). This study presents the experiences of partially embolized cerebral AVMs followed by Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) and assesses predictive factors for AVM obliteration and hemorrhage. METHODS The interventional neuroradiology database that was reviewed included 404 patients who underwent AVM embolization. Using this database, the authors retrospectively analyzed all partially embolized AVM cases followed by GKS for a residual nidus. Except for cases of complete AVM obliteration, the authors excluded all patients with radiological follow-up of less than 2 years. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the predictive factors related to AVM obliteration and hemorrhage following GKS. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the obliteration with a cutoff AVM nidus volume of 3 cm(3) and 10 cm(3). RESULTS One hundred sixty-two patients qualified for the study. The median patient age was 26 years and 48.8% were female. Hemorrhage presented as the most common symptom (48.1%). The median preembolization volume of an AVM was 14.3 cm(3). The median volume and margin dose for GKS were 10.92 cm(3) and 16.0 Gy, respectively. The median radiological and clinical follow-up intervals were 47 and 79 months, respectively. The annual hemorrhage rate was 1.71% and total obliteration rate was 56.8%. Noneloquent area (p = 0.004), superficial location (p < 0.001), decreased volume (p < 0.001), lower Spetzler-Martin grade (p < 0.001), lower Virginia Radiosurgery AVM Scale (RAS; p < 0.001), lower Pollock-Flickinger score (p < 0.001), lower modified Pollock-Flickinger score (p < 0.001), increased maximum dose (p < 0.001), and increased margin dose (p < 0.001) were found to be statistically significant in predicting the probability of AVM obliteration in the univariate analysis. In the multivariate analysis, only volume

  6. Multimodal Surgical and Medical Treatment for Extensive Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis in an Elderly Diabetic Patient: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Pirrello, Roberto; Guadagnino, Giuliana; Richiusa, Pierina; Lo Casto, Antonio; Sarno, Caterina; Moschella, Francesco; Cabibi, Daniela

    2014-01-01

    Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for invasive mucormycosis with rhinocerebral involvement. Acute necrosis of the maxilla is seldom seen and extensive facial bone involvement is rare in patients with rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis. An aggressive surgical approach combined with antifungal therapy is usually necessary. In this report, we describe the successful, personalized medical and surgical management of extensive periorbital mucormycosis in an elderly diabetic, HIV-negative woman. Mono- or combination therapy with liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB) and posaconazole (PSO) and withheld debridement is discussed. The role of aesthetic plastic surgery to preserve the patient's physical appearance is also reported. Any diabetic patient with sinonasal disease, regardless of their degree of metabolic control, is a candidate for prompt evaluation to rule out mucormycosis. Therapeutic and surgical strategies and adjunctive treatments are essential for successful disease management. These interventions may include combination therapy. Finally, a judicious multimodal treatment approach can improve appearance and optimize outcome in elderly patients. PMID:24982678

  7. Surgical Treatment of Perianal Fistulizing Crohn's Disease: From Lay-Open to Cell-Based Therapy—An Overview

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background. Perianal Crohn's disease (CD) can be challenging. Despite the high incidence of fistulizing CD, literature lacks clear guidelines. Several medical, surgical, and combined treatment modalities have been proposed, but evidences are scarce. Methods. We searched the literature to assess the facets of perianal CD, with particular focus on complex fistulae. Disease epidemiology, classification, diagnosis, activity scoring systems, and medical-surgical treatments were assessed. Results. Perianal fistulizing CD is common, frequently associated with upper gastrointestinal and colorectal CD. Complex fistulas often require repeated treatments. Continence is a major concern when dealing with repeated procedures. A prudent pathway is to resolve active sepsis and to limit damages, delaying a definitive treatment to the time when acute phase has been controlled. The improved diagnostic techniques allow better preoperative planning and are useful in monitoring the response to treatment. Besides newer devices, cell-based treatments are promising tools which have recently enriched the treatment portfolio. However, the need for proctectomy is still disturbingly high in CD patients with complex perianal fistulae. Conclusions. Perianal CD can impair quality of life and lead to need for proctectomy. A staged approach is reasonable. Treatment success can be improved by multimodal treatment and collaborative management by experienced gastroenterologists and surgeons. PMID:25431776

  8. [Clinical classification and surgical treatment of cor triatriatum].

    PubMed

    Nagatsu, M

    1992-04-01

    Twenty-one patients (age 35 days to 39 years) with cor triatriatum were treated surgically over a 17 year period at our institute. We define cor triatriatum as a congenital heart anomaly with the presence of an abnormal diaphragm that subdivides the left atrium into an accessory and a true left atrial chambers and that has "direct" hemodynamic communication between an accessory and a true left atrial chambers through one or more fenestration irrespective of accompaniment of an atrial septal defect or a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection. By contrast with our findings of the hearts with cor triatriatum, every representative classification, such as Lucas-Schmidt's one, had some lack or duplication of the addressed types respectively. So we presented a clinical classification of cor triatriatum as follows: type I is the classical form with intact atrial septum, type IIa has an ASD between an accessory and a right atrial chambers, type IIb has an ASD between a right and a true left atrial chambers, and type IIc is a complexed form that has both communications of IIa's and IIb's. Of 14 typical cor triatriatum without isomerism nor other major complexed anomalies, 7 cases belonged to type I, and IIa 4, IIb 2, IIc 1 respectively. Of 7 so-called atypical cases, 5 cases belonged to type IIc and the rest two were unclassified complexed forms. Characteristically all of atypical cases had persistent left superior vena cava in common. 17 patients underwent total corrections and the rest 4 cases with single right ventricles underwent palliative operations for Fontan procedure in the near future. Transaccessory chamber approach for type I and IIb as the first choice provided ample exposure for complete excision of the obstructing membrane. Trans-right atrial approach were employed for closure of ASDs or for the other intraatrial partitions. Incision of the atrial septum should be avoided to prevent postoperative supraventricular arrhythmias if possible. There were no

  9. Surgical treatment of radiation injuries of the colon and rectum

    SciTech Connect

    Jao, S.W.; Beart, R.W. Jr.; Gunderson, L.L.

    1986-02-01

    Between 1950 and 1983, radiation-induced proctitis was diagnosed proctoscopically in 720 patients at the Mayo Clinic. Sixty-two patients with severe colorectal symptoms were treated surgically. The interval from cessation of radiotherapy to onset of symptoms ranged from 3 weeks to 24 months (mean 33 months). The 62 patients underwent a total of 143 operations with 8 operative deaths (13 percent), and 40 patients (65 percent) had 61 complications. The morbidity rate was lower after colostomy alone (44 percent in 27 patients) than after more aggressive operations (80 percent in 35 patients). Transverse loop colostomy and descending colostomy were safer than sigmoid colostomy. The dissection adhesions, opening of tissue planes, and careless manipulation of intestine may result in necrosis and perforation of the intestine, bladder, or vaginal wall; these were the main causes of fecal and other internal fistulas in our study.

  10. Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment of Hepatic Hydatid Disease

    PubMed Central

    Sözüer, Erdoğan M.

    1994-01-01

    In this report, 226 patients with hydatid disease admitted to the Surgical Department of Erciyes University (Kayseri) and Şişli Etfal Hospital (Istanbul) in Turkey between 1978 and 1990 were reviewed retrospectively. 102 patients (45.1%) were male and 124 (54.9%) female. The most frequent symptom was right upper abdominal pain (66%). The most frequent signs were hepatomegaly (43.8%) and palpable mass (39%). 167 patients (73.9%) were examined with ultrasonography which has a diagnostic value of 94%. Preoperative complications were infection of cyst (7%), intrabiliary rupture (3.5%) and anaphylactic shock (0.4%). Patients were operated on by various techniques; omentoplasty (101), external drainage of residual cavity (64), marsupialization (25), capitonnage (15), introflexion (10), pericystectomy (6), and hepatic resection (5). Main postoperative complications were wound infection (12%) and biliary fistula (2.6%). Total mortality rate was 1.8% in this series. PMID:7880776

  11. Surgical treatment of sacral perineural cyst--case report.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Hiroaki; Matsumoto, Shigeo; Miki, Takanori; Miyaji, Yuki; Minami, Hiroaki; Masuda, Atsushi; Tominaga, Shogo; Yoshida, Yasuhisa; Yamaura, Ikuya; Natsume, Shigeatsu; Yoshida, Kozo

    2011-01-01

    A 67-year-old man presented with persistent penis and scrotum pain due to S-2 and S-3 radiculopathy caused by a sacral perineural cyst. The cyst was treated with microsurgical partial cyst removal and cyst wall imbrication, together with closure of the point through which cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flowed from the subarachnoid space into the cyst cavity. His pain resolved without recurrence of the cyst or complications. Symptomatic perineural cysts are quite rare. Surgical closure of the point through which CSF flows from the subarachnoid space into the cyst cavity is the most important intervention for symptomatic perineural cysts. If the source of CSF leakage cannot be detected, placement of a cyst-subarachnoid shunt should be considered in addition to partial cyst removal and cyst wall imbrication. PMID:22198114

  12. Osteoradionecrosis of the temporal bone: a surgical technique of treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, K.H.; Fagan, P.A.

    1988-05-01

    Osteoradionecrosis of the temporal bone is a well-documented complication of radiotherapy to the ear, with potentially lethal complications. Three cases of advanced disease, treated surgically, are presented. In two of these, subtotal petrosectomy with blind-sac closure of the external auditory canal was carried out via an anterior approach. The enclosed space was obliterated with pedicled temporalis muscle. Primary healing took place. One case was similarly obliterated using a prolonged posterior incision. The wound broke down, requiring a microvascular free flap for closure. Radiotherapy jeopardizes the viability of skin flaps. An anterior incision bases the flap behind on the occipital and postauricular arteries. When radiotherapy has been used, this incision has theoretical and practical advantages over a standard posterior incision.

  13. [Surgical treatment of lower extremity peripheral nerve injuries].

    PubMed

    Kaiser, Radek

    2016-01-01

    Peripheral nerve injuries of the lower extremities are not frequent. The most common are traction injury of the peroneal nerve at the knee level or iatrogenic trauma of the pelvic nerves during abdominal surgery. Civil sharp injuries are rare.Indications for surgical revision follow the general rules of nerve surgery. Sharp injury should be treated as soon as possible, ideally within 72 hours. Closed lesions are indicated for surgery if a complete denervation remains unchanged three months after the injury. Best results can be achieved within six months from the injury. Irritations caused by bone fragments or scarring or by iatrogenic injury (clamps, cement, screws, etc.) may be revised later. However, the most important is early clinical examination in a specialized neurosurgical department. PMID:27256143

  14. Surgical Treatment of Facial Abscesses and Facial Surgery in Pet Rabbits.

    PubMed

    Capello, Vittorio

    2016-09-01

    Odontogenic facial abscesses associated with periapical infections and osteomyelitis of the jaw represent an important part of the acquired and progressive dental disease syndrome in pet rabbits. Complications such as retromasseteric and retrobulbar abscesses, extensive osteomyelitis of the mandible, and empyemas of the skull are possible sequelae. Standard and advanced diagnostic imaging should be pursued to make a detailed and proper diagnosis, and plan the most effective surgical treatment. This article reviews the surgical anatomy, the pathophysiology, and the classification of abscesses and empyemas of the mandible, the maxilla, and the skull. It also discusses surgical techniques for facial abscesses. PMID:27497207

  15. Surgical treatment of extensive complex odontoma in the mandible by corticotomy. A case report.

    PubMed

    Nogueira, A S; Gonçales, E S; Gonçales, A G B; Thiegui-Neto, V; Nogueira, C B P; Nogueira, A; Medeiros, R

    2013-09-01

    Odontomas represent the most prevalent odontogenic tumors in the jaw. The treatment of choice is surgical removal, usually performed by conventional techniques involving ostectomies to expose the tumor. In this paper, the authors describe, through the report of a case of complex odontoma located in the mandibular angle, a more conservative surgical technique called corticotomy, in which the bone removed for access to the tumor (buccal cortical) is repositioned and fixed by titanium plates of 1.5 mm. PMID:24126599

  16. Surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis with microdecompression and interspinous distraction device insertion. A case series

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Interspinous distraction devices (IPDD) are indicated as stand-alone devices for the treatment of spinal stenosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of patients undergoing surgery for spinal stenosis with a combination of unilateral microdecompression and interspinous distraction device insertion. Methods This is a prospective clinical and radiological study of minimum 2 years follow-up. Twenty-two patients (average age 64.5 years) with low-back pain and unilateral sciatica underwent decompressive surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. Visual Analogue Scale, Oswestry Disability Index and walking capacity plus radiologic measurements of posterior disc height of the involved level and lumbar lordosis Cobb angle were documented both preoperatively and postoperatively. One-sided posterior subarticular and foraminal decompression was conducted followed by dynamic stabilization of the diseased level with an IPDD (X-STOP). Results The average follow-up time was 27.4 months. Visual Analogue Scale and Oswestry Disability Index improved statistically significantly (p < 0.001) in the last follow-up exam. Also, the walking distance increased in all patients but two. Posterior intervertebral disc height of the diseased level widened average 1.8 mm in the postoperative radiograph compared to the preoperative. No major complication, including implant failure or spinous process breakage, has been observed. Conclusions The described surgical technique using unilateral microdecompression and IPDD insertion is a clinically effective and radiologically viable treatment method for symptoms of spinal stenosis resistant to non-operative treatment. PMID:23107358

  17. Review article: Risk factors for poor outcome following surgical treatment for rotator cuff tear.

    PubMed

    Sahni, V; Narang, A M

    2016-08-01

    The Medline database was searched using key words: 'rotator cuff', 'tear', and 'treatment'. 12 studies that involved (1) surgical treatment for rotator cuff tear, (2) measurement of pre- and post-operative pain score, functional score, and/or patient satisfaction, (3) patients that failed to improve functionally or had poor satisfaction, (4) preoperative examination of risk factors that could lead to poor outcome, and (5) a minimum follow-up of 6 months were reviewed to identify risk factors associated with poor outcome following surgical treatment for rotator cuff tear. The most common risk factor was tear size, followed by open compensation claim, age, and time from injury to surgery. PMID:27574276

  18. Renal cell carcinoma: presentation, staging, and surgical treatment.

    PubMed

    Russo, P

    2000-04-01

    The widespread availability of abdominal ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) scanning has increased the diagnosis of incidental renal tumors, which now comprise the vast majority of the new cases diagnosed each year. With the detection of renal tumors at an earlier stage, partial nephrectomy and nephron-sparing surgery have evolved as effective alternatives to radical nephrectomy. The poor prognostic findings of involved regional lymph nodes or ipsilateral adrenal metastases has led to more selective operations on those sites in the face of incidental tumor detection. Technological advances have allowed for the development by committed surgical investigators of techniques of laparoscopic and laparoscopically assisted nephrectomy. Although not widely employed, further improvements in technology may widen the appeal of these approaches to selected renal tumors. Advances in cardiovascular surgical techniques have made resection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with tumor thrombi involving the inferior vena cava (IVC) possible, although this approach is still associated with significant perioperative mortality depending on the degree of caval involvement. In highly selected cases, resection of limited metastatic disease is recommended, particularly if the disease-free interval is greater than 12 months and there is a only a single site of metastatic disease. Whether metastectomy is therapeutic or fits within the realm of the often long and unpredictable natural history of RCC is not known. Strategies for follow-up are based primarily on the pathologic stage of the operated tumor. Small incidental tumors have an excellent prognosis and require little in the way of postoperative imaging. As the pathologic stage increases, the likelihood of developing metastatic disease increases, necessitating biannual chest x-ray in addition to history and physical examination. Symptom-directed bone scans and CT scans are effective in identifying most

  19. Combined therapy in the treatment of dyslipidemia.

    PubMed

    Reiner, Zeljko

    2010-02-01

    This systematic review analyses the efficacy, tolerability and safety of combinations of different medicines used to treat dyslipidemias in clinical practice. A PubMed search up to January 2009, was conducted to identify relevant studies. Criteria used to identify studies included (1) English language, (2) published studies with original data or meta-analyses in peer-reviewed journals. Although statin treatment is a mainstay of dyslipidemia management today, complementary effects of other lipid-lowering and/or HDL-cholesterol-raising therapies might substantially increase the clinical benefits not only in the small minority of patients with severe dyslipidemias but in others as well. These therapies include combinations with bile acid sequestrants (cholestyramine, colestipol, colesevelam), ezetimibe, niacin, plant sterols, fibrates (fenofibrate, bezafibrate, gemfibrozil), and prescription omega-3 fatty acids. Therapeutic approaches which incorporate the use of multiple drugs combinations for dyslipidemia treatment should be more widely adopted since combination therapy might offer a means to increase the number of patients able to meet their lipoprotein goals according to the guidelines. However, it has to be stated that for most of these combination therapies data on cardiovascular outcomes are still lacking. PMID:19682080

  20. Evaluation of a combination of alfaxalone with medetomidine and butorphanol for inducing surgical anesthesia in laboratory mice.

    PubMed

    Higuchi, Shota; Yamada, Riku; Hashimoto, Asami; Miyoshi, Kenjiro; Yamashita, Kazuto; Ohsugi, Takeo

    2016-05-01

    The anesthetic effects of alfaxalone were investigated in mice. Mice were administered alfaxalone (100 mg/kg) alone or the combinations of 0.3 mg/kg of medetomidine and 5 mg/kg of butorphanol with alfaxalone at doses of 20 mg/kg (M/B/A20), 40 mg/kg (M/B/A40), 60 mg/kg (M/B/A60), or 80 mg/kg (M/B/A80). Control mice received 0.3 mg/kg of medetomidine, 4 mg/kg of midazolam, and 5 mg/kg of butorphanol (M/M/B). Each drug was administrated by intraperitoneal (IP) or subcutaneous (SC) routes. M/M/B IP did not achieve surgical anesthesia but M/M/B SC achieved surgical anesthesia within 10 min after administration and maintained anesthesia for 45 min. The anesthetic scores were very low after IP or SC administration of alfaxalone alone. M/B/A20 IP and SC did not achieve surgical anesthesia. M/B/A40 IP did not achieve surgical anesthesia but M/B/A40 SC achieved surgical anesthesia within 10 min after administration and maintained anesthesia for 35 min. M/B/A60 SC achieved surgical anesthesia within 5 min after administration and maintained anesthesia for 75 min. By contrast, M/B/A60 IP did not achieve surgical anesthesia. M/B/A80 SC achieved surgical anesthesia within 5 min after administration and maintained anesthesia for 85 min. By contrast, M/B/A80 IP did not achieve surgical anesthesia and one mouse died about 10 min after drug administration. Administration of atipamezole rapidly reversed anesthesia induced by M/B/A60 in mice. These results suggest that M/B/A60 SC, an alfaxalone-based combination, is suitable for inducing surgical anesthesia in laboratory mice. PMID:27506087

  1. Conservative surgical treatment of reflux esophagitis and esophageal stricture.

    PubMed Central

    Herrington, J L; Wright, R S; Edwards, W H; Sawyers, J L

    1975-01-01

    During a recent 3-year period, 17 consecutive patients were seen with advanced fibrotic esophageal strictures secondary to alkaline-acid-pepsin reflux. From detailed preoperative evaluations alone it was impossible to determine whether therapy should consist of excisional surgery, esophagogastroplasty or intra-operative dilatation with correction of reflux. Only at operation could the length, extent, degree and severity of the stricture be fully determined. Each of the 17 patients was treated by controlled dilatation, coupled with an antireflux procedure. This simplified approach proved successful on strictures thought preoperatively to be undilatable. It appears that this conservative approach is applicable to many advanced strictures and excisional and plastic procedures should be reserved for those cases that prove unyielding to intraoperative dilatation. The true appraisal of a reflux stricture and the choice of surgical procedure is best determined at the operating table. Images Fig. 5A. Fig. 5B. Fig. 6. Fig. 7. Fig. 8. Fig. 9. Fig. 10. Fig. 11. Fig. 12. Fig. 13. Fig. 14. Fig. 15. Fig. 16. Fig. 17. Fig. 18. Fig. 19. Fig. 20. Fig. 21. PMID:1130874

  2. Controlled mold geometry for surgical deficit treatment planning.

    PubMed

    Anderson, L L; Zlotolow, I M; McCormick, B; Harrison, L B

    1995-03-01

    The relatively precise placement of brachytherapy sources afforded by stereotactic frames for brain implants is not generally achievable for other sites, which lack the fixed geometry of the cranium and its contents. An exception is a source-containing rigid mold that delivers brachytherapy when inserted securely in a surgical defect. A technique has been developed in which an acrylic mold of the region to be treated is suspended in a demountable aluminum box, which is then filled to a suitable level with dental stone to form a casting that supports the mold and that can be removed intact. First, the box is aligned on a mill table and a ball mill is used to drill three parallel holes in the acrylic mold, with precisely known locations and depths and as widely separated as possible. The spherical air cavities that result from plugging these holes with ball-milled acrylic rods become reference markers in subsequent computed tomography (CT) scans. After optimum CT-coordinate locations have been planned for 125I seeds in catheters, they are transformed to mill coordinates using a matrix developed from the known marker coordinates in the two systems. Catheter holes are then drilled with the mold in the reassembled casting and box. The method has been used to treat both recurrent maxillary cancer and recurrent orbital rhabdomyosarcoma. PMID:7596320

  3. Surgical outcome of safe surgery system trabeculectomy combined with cataract extraction

    PubMed Central

    Khandelwal, R R; Raje, D; Rathi, A; Agashe, A; Majumdar, M; Khandelwal, R

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To determine the efficacy of safe surgery system trabeculectomy combined with manual small incision cataract surgery/phacoemulsification in primary glaucoma coexistent with cataract. Methods This is a retrospective analysis of 105 cases who underwent single-site combined surgery between January 2008 and December 2009. Safe surgery system trabeculectomy with diffuse and posterior application of mitomycin C was performed in all cases. Cataract extraction was done either by Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS) or phacoemulsification. Main outcome measures were success rate of trabeculectomy, as determined by four different IOP goals and incidence of postoperative complications. Analysis was performed using R-2.15, and the significance was tested at 5% level. Results The minimum follow-up period was 12 months. The overall success rates (with or without medication) when safe surgery system trabeculectomy was combined with MSICS were 91, 70, and 51% for IOP ≤18, ≤15, and ≤12 mm Hg, respectively, and target IOP was achieved in 72% cases. The mean IOP reduction was 43.8% with MSICS and 42.08% with phacoemulsification. The surgical outcome was not significantly different for both techniques. Postoperative complications were infrequent and comparable. Conclusion The Safe Surgery System Trabeculectomy combined with cataract surgery offers excellent IOP control with minimal postoperative complications. It offers an effective and improved solution for primary glaucoma coexistent with cataract found in developing countries. PMID:25502867

  4. Boolean Combinations of Implicit Functions for Model Clipping in Computer-Assisted Surgical Planning

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    This paper proposes an interactive method of model clipping for computer-assisted surgical planning. The model is separated by a data filter that is defined by the implicit function of the clipping path. Being interactive to surgeons, the clipping path that is composed of the plane widgets can be manually repositioned along the desirable presurgical path, which means that surgeons can produce any accurate shape of the clipped model. The implicit function is acquired through a recursive algorithm based on the Boolean combinations (including Boolean union and Boolean intersection) of a series of plane widgets’ implicit functions. The algorithm is evaluated as highly efficient because the best time performance of the algorithm is linear, which applies to most of the cases in the computer-assisted surgical planning. Based on the above stated algorithm, a user-friendly module named SmartModelClip is developed on the basis of Slicer platform and VTK. A number of arbitrary clipping paths have been tested. Experimental results of presurgical planning for three types of Le Fort fractures and for tumor removal demonstrate the high reliability and efficiency of our recursive algorithm and robustness of the module. PMID:26751685

  5. [Surgical treatment of portal hypertension: the state of art].

    PubMed

    Shertsinger, A G; Zhigalova, S B; Lebezev, V M; Manukian, G V; Kitsenko, E A

    2013-01-01

    The article highlights modern approaches to the treatment of portal hypertension. The differential tactics is based on the type of portal hypertension, functional liver state, urgency of the situation and severity of blood loss, localization and stage of varices, concomitant diseases, etc. The role of miniinvasive methods is stressed. The reasonability of general treatment algorithm of portal hypertention in specialized centers is proved. PMID:23503380

  6. Developing an International Combined Applied Surgical Science and Wet Lab Simulation Course as an Undergraduate Teaching Model

    PubMed Central

    Sideris, Michail; Papalois, Apostolos; Tsoulfas, Georgios; Majumder, Sanjib; Toutouzas, Konstantinos; Koletsis, Efstratios; Dedeilias, Panagiotis; Lymperopoulos, Nikolaos; Papagrigoriadis, Savvas; Papalois, Vassilios; Zografos, Georgios

    2015-01-01

    Background. Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) is an international, animal model-based course. It combines interactive lectures with basic ex vivo stations and more advanced wet lab modules, that is, in vivo dissections and Heart Transplant Surgery on a swine model. Materials and Methods. Forty-nine medical students (male, N = 27, female N = 22, and mean age = 23.7 years) from King's College London (KCL) and Greek Medical Schools attended the course. Participants were assessed with Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS), as well as Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). Paired t-test associations were used to evaluate whether there was statistically significant improvement in their performance. Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of a combined applied surgical science and wet lab simulation course as a teaching model for surgical skills at the undergraduate level. Results. The mean MCQ score was improved by 2.33/32 (P < 0.005). Surgical skills competences, as defined by DOPS scores, were improved in a statically significant manner (P < 0.005 for all paired t-test correlations). Conclusions. ESMSC seems to be an effective teaching model, which improves the understanding of the surgical approach and the basic surgical skills. In vivo models could be used potentially as a step further in the Undergraduate Surgical Education. PMID:26613083

  7. Principles of Surgical Treatment in the Midface Trauma - Theory and Practice

    PubMed Central

    VRINCEANU, Daniela; BANICA, Bogdan

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Facial trauma is a common injury in the urban setting. Many studies have been published on the epidemiology and treatment of facial fractures, but few of them conducted in emergencies hospital as ours. The purpose of this study was to present theory and practice in surgical treatment of midface trauma. Materials and method: We will present a retrospective study and a cases series report with our personal experience in diagnosis and treatment of middle floor facial trauma. Craniofacial trauma in context of polytrauma involves a screening condition assessment of the patient to prioritize lesions and frequently require a multidisciplinary approach: neurosurgeon, ENT surgeon, maxillo-facial surgeon, ophthalmologist, plastic surgeon and so on. Axial and coronal CT are mandatory and three-dimensional CT reconstruction can be extremely useful. Surgical indication in middle floor facial trauma is given by functional and aesthetic deficits. Results: We will present the surgical principles we use in treatment of fractured nose, in fractures of maxilla, in fractures of the zygomatic arch with or without zygoma body fractures and fractures of the floor of orbit. Discussions: The surgical technique was imposed by coexisting lesions of neuro and viscerocranium, by the complexity of the fracture, by functional or aesthetic deficits and by our surgical experience. Conclusions: The main principles in middle face trauma are an accurate and complete lesions evaluation; mixed surgery team with maxillofacial surgeon and neurosurgeon. PMID:25705306

  8. Integrated surgical protocol for the treatment of the infected diabetic foot.

    PubMed

    Caravaggi, C

    2012-02-01

    Diabetes is a chronic disease with a worldwide increasing trend. Feet complication, closely related to neuropathy and obstructive peripheral vascular disease, are responsible for more than 1 million of leg amputations every year. Foot infection can dramatically improve the risk of amputation. Although many ulcer classification systems have been proposed to stratify the severity of infectious process the problem of the definition of a correct therapeutic approach to different clinical pictures still remains unresolved. A diabetic foot triage and an integrated surgical protocol are proposed to try identifying a diagnostic flowchart and a step-by-step surgical protocol that can be applied in the treatment of diabetic foot infection. Goals and technical aspects of emergent and elective surgical procedures in diabetic foot are analysed to evaluate critical aspects and to suggest proper surgical choices. PMID:22231526

  9. Surgical treatment of the adductor longus muscle's distal tendon total rupture in a soccer player.

    PubMed

    Masionis, P; Popov, K; Kurtinaitis, J; Uvarovas, V; Porvaneckas, N

    2016-09-01

    Only a few cases of adductor longus tendon ruptures have been reported in the literature and - there are no clear criteria for conservative or surgical treatment. A case of traumatic rupture of the right distal adductor longus tendon is presented in an elite soccer player, which was surgically repaired. The condition was managed conservatively primarily. However, after 2 months, a palpable mass remained on the medial side of the thigh, and the patient had pain after moderate everyday load and insufficient strength of the right leg during physical exercise. It was decided to explore ruptured tendon surgically and reattach to the femur. Full function of the right leg was achieved at 3 months after surgical repair. At 6 months postoperatively, the patient had returned to soccer at the same level. PMID:27132783

  10. Surgical treatment of fibroids in heavy menstrual bleeding.

    PubMed

    Saridogan, Ertan

    2016-01-01

    Uterine fibroids can cause abnormal uterine bleeding and their removal is beneficial in the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding associated with fibroids for women who would like to preserve their uterus and fertility. Endoscopic (hysteroscopic and laparoscopic) approaches are the preferred methods of fibroid removal when appropriate. In the presence of submucosal fibroids, hysteroscopic resection is a simple, safe and effective treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding and reduces the need for more major surgery, such as hysterectomy. When abdominal myomectomy is required, laparoscopic myomectomy is the preferred choice in selected cases due to its advantages over open myomectomy. PMID:26693796

  11. [Determination of prognostic factors in surgical treatment of myasthenia gravis].

    PubMed

    Schnorrer, M; Hraska, V; Spalek, P; Cársky, S

    1999-05-01

    The authors evaluated, using statistical analysis, the importance of prognostic factors in patients subjected to thymectomy on account of myasthenia gravis. The results revealed a better prognosis of the disease, if the history was less than 6 months, preoperative treatment less than 1.5 years, a histological finding of thymus hyperplasia, second clinical stage according to Ossermann and the patients age below 30 years. From the statistical analysis ensues that the prognosis of myasthenia gravis is more favourable when the case-history is shorter as a result of rapid diagnosis and when preoperative treatment is reduced to a minimum. PMID:10510623

  12. [OPTIMIZATION OF THE SURGICAL TREATMENT RESULTS IN CONOTRUNCAL CARDIAC FAILURES IN LARGE AORTO-PULMONARY COLLATERAL ARTERIES].

    PubMed

    Bablyak, O D

    2015-09-01

    The results of surgical treatment of 83 patients, suffering conotruncal cardiac failures and large aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries, were analyzed. In 2007 - 2014 yrs a radical correction of the failure (RCF) was performed in 53 (64%) of them. RCF was achieved, using three surgical approaches. The algorithm of a surgical approach choice was introduced, guaranteeing the operation time shortening and artificial blood circulation application, have improved the course of early postoperative period. It was proved, that improvement of surgical results is possible, if a correct surgical tactic choosed and surgical approaches rationally applied. PMID:26817084

  13. Systemic Sarcoidosis Unmasked by Cushing's Disease Surgical Treatment.

    PubMed

    Bongetta, Daniele; Zoia, Cesare; Lombardi, Francesco; Lovati, Elisabetta; Lucotti, Pietro; Gaetani, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    Diseases responsive to glucocorticoids, like sarcoidosis, are rarely masked by Cushing's syndrome. An ACTH secreting pituitary adenoma is a possible cause of Cushing's syndrome and its resection can make a subclinical sarcoidosis clear. Only few cases of sarcoidosis following the treatment of hypercortisolism are reported in literature. We report a case of sarcoidosis after the resection of an ACTH secreting pituitary adenoma. PMID:27525010

  14. Systemic Sarcoidosis Unmasked by Cushing's Disease Surgical Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Lombardi, Francesco; Lovati, Elisabetta; Gaetani, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    Diseases responsive to glucocorticoids, like sarcoidosis, are rarely masked by Cushing's syndrome. An ACTH secreting pituitary adenoma is a possible cause of Cushing's syndrome and its resection can make a subclinical sarcoidosis clear. Only few cases of sarcoidosis following the treatment of hypercortisolism are reported in literature. We report a case of sarcoidosis after the resection of an ACTH secreting pituitary adenoma. PMID:27525010

  15. Nonimmunogenic hyperthyroidism: Cumulative hypothyroidism incidence after radioiodine and surgical treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Kinser, J.A.; Roesler, H.; Furrer, T.; Gruetter, D.Z.; Zimmermann, H. )

    1989-12-01

    During 1977, 246 hyperthyroid patients were seen in our departments, 140 (57%) with nonimmunogenic hyperthyroidism (NIH)--101 with a toxic adenoma (TA) and 39 with multifocal functional autonomy (MFA). All patients but one could be followed over 9 yr, 101 after 131I treatment (RIT), another 29 after surgery (S). Ten patients were left untreated. Thirty-four treated (24%) patients died, none as a result of thyroid or post-treatment complications. There was no hyperthyroidism later than 9 mo after therapy. Only 1% (RIT) and 24% (S) were hypothyroid 1 yr after treatment. But 19% of all treated NIH patients were hypothyroid after 9 yr or at the time of their death, 12% after RIT and 41% after S. The cumulative hypothyroidism incidences 1.4%/yr for RIT and 2.2%/yr for S, were not significantly different. Out of the five survivers without RIT or S, two TA patients were hypothyroid. The effect of RIT on goiter related loco-regional complications was not worse than after S. We conclude that RIT is the treatment for NIH, leaving surgery for exceptional cases.

  16. De Qeurvian Tenosynovitis: Clinical Outcomes of Surgical Treatment with Longitudinal and Transverse Incision

    PubMed Central

    Abrisham, Syyed Jalil; Karbasi, Mohammad Hosein Akhavan; Zare, Jalil; Behnamfar, Zahra; Tafti, Arefah Dehghani; Shishesaz, Behzad

    2011-01-01

    Objectives De Quervain disease is a mechanical tenosynovitis due to inadequacy volume between abductor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis brevis and their tunnel. Treatment methods include immobilization, steroid injections, and operation. For the first time Fritz De Quervain described surgical treatment of this disease. Since then, various ways of treatment have been reported. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes of a longitudinal incision with a transverse incision in De Quervain disease. Methods This was a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in three hospitals in Iran, Yazd from March 2003 to September 2008. One hundred-twenty patients with De Quervain disease who did not respond to conservative treatment were operated with two different incisions. The patients were followed for three months to compare the surgical outcomes. Results During a three month follow-up, a significant difference was shown between the two methods (p=0.03). Results of surgical treatment with longitudinal incision were excellent (only 5 hypertrophic scars), but there were 13 postoperative complaints with transverse incision. Conclusion According to our findings, longitudinal incision in surgical treatment of De Quervain disease is better than transverse incision. PMID:22043391

  17. The Future of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Hand Surgery - Combining Evolutionary Pharmacology and Surgical Technique

    PubMed Central

    M, Malahias; H, Gardner; S, Hindocha; A, Juma; Khan, W

    2012-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic autoimmune disease of uncertain aetiology, which is characterized primarily by synovial inflammation with secondary skeletal destructions. Rheumatoid Arthritis is diagnosed by the presence of four of the seven diagnostic criteria, defined by The American College of Rheumatology. Approximately half a million adults in the United Kingdom suffer from rheumatoid arthritis with an age prevalence between the second and fourth decades of life; annually approximately 20,000 new cases are diagnosed. The management of Rheumatoid Arthritis is complex; in the initial phase of the disease it primarily depends on pharmacological management. With disease progression, surgical input to correct deformity comes to play an increasingly important role. The treatment of this condition is also intimately coupled with input from both the occupational therapists and physiotherapy. PMID:22423304

  18. [Denosumab may be a supplement to the surgical treatment of giant cell tumours of bone].

    PubMed

    Sørensen, Anna Lynge; Hansen, Rehne Lessmann; Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg

    2016-09-01

    Giant cell tumour of bone (GCTB) is an aggressive bone tumour causing bone destruction. GCTB requires surgical treatment, and severe cases have a high risk of functional morbidity. GCTB consists of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)-positive osteoclast-like giant cells. The formation and activity of these cells are mediated by the interaction with RANK ligand (RANKL) released from neoplastic stromal cells. Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody which inhibits RANKL and impairs the growth of the GCTB. Several studies have described the ability of denosumab to downgrade the extent of surgical treatment and improve the functional outcome. PMID:27593237

  19. Surgical versus injection treatment for injection-confirmed chronic sacroiliac joint pain

    PubMed Central

    Spiker, William Ryan; Lawrence, Brandon D.; Raich, Annie L.; Skelly, Andrea C.; Brodke, Darrel S.

    2012-01-01

    Study design: Systematic review. Study rationale: Chronic sacroiliac joint pain (CSJP) is a common clinical entity with highly controversial treatment options. A recent systematic review compared surgery with denervation, but the current systematic review compares outcomes of surgical intervention with therapeutic injection for the treatment of CSJP and serves as the next step for evaluating current evidence on the comparative effectiveness of treatments for non-traumatic sacroiliac joint pain. Objective or clinical question: In adult patients with injection-confirmed CSJP, does surgical treatment lead to better outcomes and fewer complications than injection therapy? Methods: A systematic review of the English-language literature was undertaken for articles published between 1970 and June 2012. Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles were searched to identify studies evaluating surgery or injection treatment for injection-confirmed CSJP. Studies involving traumatic onset or non-injection–confirmed CSJP were excluded. Two independent reviewers assessed the level of evidence quality using the grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE) system, and disagreements were resolved by consensus. Results: We identified twelve articles (seven surgical and five injection treatment) meeting our inclusion criteria. Regardless of the type of treatment, most studies reported over 40% improvement in pain as measured by Visual Analog Scale or Numeric rating Scale score. Regardless of the type of treatment, most studies reported over 20% improvement in functionality. Most complications were reported in the surgical studies. Conclusion: Surgical fusion and therapeutic injections can likely provide pain relief, improve quality of life, and improve work status. The comparative effectiveness of these interventions cannot be evaluated with the current literature. PMID:23526911

  20. The Kiricuta procedure in reconstructive surgical treatment of the breast.

    PubMed

    Lopez, J F; Bouchet, Y; Dupre, A

    1990-03-01

    A series of 50 patients with carcinoma of the breast underwent omental transposition. This palliative procedure is indicated for recurrences after conservative treatment, radiation necrosis and Stage III or IV ulcerated tumors. The operative technique is described in detail. Omentoplasties were performed upon 33 right and 17 left mammary areas. Forty-five right pedicled flaps and only four left areas were used. One patient died on the fourth postoperative day because of massive pulmonary embolus. Local repair was satisfactory in 76 per cent of the patients. Four patients presented with herniation of the abdominal wall at the site of omental tunneling. In three, the treatment consisted of sectioning the vascular pedicle and reinforcing the parietal closure with Dacron (polyester fiber) mesh. PMID:2305346

  1. Clinical-surgical treatment of temporomandibular joint disorder in a psoriatic arthritis patient

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Condylotomy is a surgical procedure that has been used as an option to treat temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients. This technique has the advantage of avoiding intra-capsular alterations that might be found involving other surgical procedures. Its use, even when unilateral, has positive effect on treatment of both joints. Methods In order to better evaluate the benefits of a clinical-surgical treatment for TMD, the present report describes the case of a psoriatic arthritis patient. The case was clinically characterized by dental malloclusion, and imaging exams showed joint degeneration of the right mandibular condyle. The patient was treated by condylotomy technique after a prosthetic oral rehabilitation. Results No clinical-radiological signs or symptoms of progression of articular disease were observed within a period of 16 months after surgery. Furthermore, there was functional stability of the temporomandibular joint, total absence of local pain and improvement of mouth opening. Conclusion The present study suggests that condylotomy can be considered as a valid option for the management of TMD, since it has low surgical morbidity and favorable clinical outcomes. In this case, the patient had a medical diagnosis of systemic disease presenting general pain and pain at the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), in addition of causal agent of TMD (dental malloclusion). The difficulty of finding a single etiology (malocclusion vs. systemic disease) did not exclude the indication of a clinical-surgical treatment to re-establish the balance of TMJ. PMID:23556553

  2. Successful Surgical Treatment of Mature Teratoma Arising From the Sella

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yaxiong; Zhang, Yuekang; Xu, Jianguo; Chen, Ni

    2015-01-01

    Mature teratoma of the pituitary-hypothalamic region is rarely reported in the literature. In this article, we present a 13-year-old girl with clinical and radiological findings that were initially considered as germinoma. However, histological examinations disclosed a mature teratoma. This case highlights that the radiation-induced cerebral edema caused acute hydrocephalus. The mature teratoma is not radiosensitive, and the most appropriate treatment is direct surgery. PMID:25436031

  3. Surgical treatment of jaw osteonecrosis in "Krokodil" drug addicted patients.

    PubMed

    Poghosyan, Yuri M; Hakobyan, Koryun A; Poghosyan, Anna Yu; Avetisyan, Eduard K

    2014-12-01

    Retrospective study of jaw osteonecrosis treatment in patients using the "Krokodil" drug from 2009 to 2013. On the territory of the former USSR countries there is widespread use of a self-produced drug called "Krokodil". Codeine containing analgesics ("Sedalgin", "Pentalgin" etc), red phosphorus (from match boxes) and other easily acquired chemical components are used for synthesis of this drug, which used intravenously. Jaw osteonecrosis develops as a complication in patients who use "Krokodil". The main feature of this disease is jawbone exposure in the oral cavity. Surgery is the main method for the treatment of jaw osteonecrosis in patients using "Krokodil". 40 "Krokodil" drug addict patients with jaw osteonecrosis were treated. Involvement of maxilla was found in 11 patients (27.5%), mandible in 21 (52.5%), both jaws in 8 (20%) patients. 35 Lesions were found in 29 mandibles and 21 lesions in 19 maxillas. Main factors of treatment success are: cessation of "Krokodil" use in the pre- (minimum 1 month) and postoperative period and osteonecrosis area resection of a minimum of 0.5 cm beyond the visible borders of osteonecrosis towards the healthy tissues. Surgery was not delayed until sequestrum formation. In the mandible marginal or segmental resection (with or without TMJ exarticulation) was performed. After surgery recurrence of disease was seen in 8 (23%) cases in the mandible, with no cases of recurrence in the maxilla. According to our experience in this case series, surgery is the main method for the treatment of jaw osteonecrosis in patients using "Krokodil". Cessation of drug use and jaw resection minimize the rate of recurrences in such patients. PMID:24969764

  4. Surgical Treatment of Rhinogenic Contact Point Headache: An Experience from a Tertiary Care Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Peric, Aleksandar; Rasic, Dejan; Grgurevic, Ugljesa

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Even in the absence of inflammatory disease, facial pain often results from pressure of two opposing nasal mucosa surfaces. Objectives The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of surgical treatment of contact point headache. Methods Our study enrolled patients with unilateral facial pain and without nasal/paranasal sinus disease. We confirmed the presence of mucosal contact by nasal endoscopy and by computed tomography. Forty-two subjects with the three most common anatomical variations underwent complete evaluation: 17 with concha bullosa (CB), 11 with septal deviation (SD), and 14 with septal spur (SS). All participants were treated by topical corticosteroid, adrenomimetic, and antihistamine. The patients without improvement were treated surgically. We assessed the severity of pain using a Visual Analogue Score (VAS) before surgical treatment and one, six, twelve, and twenty-four months after. Results The patients with SS had more severe facial pain in comparison with patients with CB (p = 0.049) and SD (p = 0.000). The subjects with CB had higher degree of facial pain than the ones with SD (p = 0.001). After an unsuccessful medical treatment and surgical removal of mucosal contacts, the decrease of headache severity was more intense in patients with CB and SS (p = 0.000) than in the patients with SD (p = 0.01). Conclusion Our results suggest that topical medications have no effects and that surgical removal of mucosal contacts could be effective in the treatment of contact point headache. The results of surgical treatment were better in cases of facial pain caused by SS and CB, than in those caused by SD. PMID:27096023

  5. Surgical Treatment of Rhinogenic Contact Point Headache: An Experience from a Tertiary Care Hospital.

    PubMed

    Peric, Aleksandar; Rasic, Dejan; Grgurevic, Ugljesa

    2016-04-01

    Introduction Even in the absence of inflammatory disease, facial pain often results from pressure of two opposing nasal mucosa surfaces. Objectives The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of surgical treatment of contact point headache. Methods Our study enrolled patients with unilateral facial pain and without nasal/paranasal sinus disease. We confirmed the presence of mucosal contact by nasal endoscopy and by computed tomography. Forty-two subjects with the three most common anatomical variations underwent complete evaluation: 17 with concha bullosa (CB), 11 with septal deviation (SD), and 14 with septal spur (SS). All participants were treated by topical corticosteroid, adrenomimetic, and antihistamine. The patients without improvement were treated surgically. We assessed the severity of pain using a Visual Analogue Score (VAS) before surgical treatment and one, six, twelve, and twenty-four months after. Results The patients with SS had more severe facial pain in comparison with patients with CB (p = 0.049) and SD (p = 0.000). The subjects with CB had higher degree of facial pain than the ones with SD (p = 0.001). After an unsuccessful medical treatment and surgical removal of mucosal contacts, the decrease of headache severity was more intense in patients with CB and SS (p = 0.000) than in the patients with SD (p = 0.01). Conclusion Our results suggest that topical medications have no effects and that surgical removal of mucosal contacts could be effective in the treatment of contact point headache. The results of surgical treatment were better in cases of facial pain caused by SS and CB, than in those caused by SD. PMID:27096023

  6. Imaging in the Evaluation of Endoscopic or Surgical Treatment for Achalasia.

    PubMed

    Palladino, Diego; Mardighian, Andrea; D'Amora, Marilina; Roberto, Luca; Lassandro, Francesco; Rossi, Claudia; Gatta, Gianluca; Scaglione, Mariano; Giuseppe, Guglielmi

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. Aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of the endoscopic (pneumatic dilation) versus surgical (Heller myotomy) treatment in patients affected by esophageal achalasia using barium X-ray examination of the digestive tract performed before and after the treatment. Materials and Methods. 19 patients (10 males and 9 females) were enrolled in this study; each patient underwent a barium X-ray examination to evaluate the esophageal diameter and the height of the barium column before and after endoscopic or surgical treatment. Results. The mean variation of oesophageal diameter before and after treatment is -2.1 mm for surgery and 1.74 mm for pneumatic dilation (OR 0.167, CI 95% 0.02-1.419, and P: 0.10). The variations of all variables, with the exception of the oesophageal diameter variation, are strongly related to the treatment performed. Conclusions. The barium X-ray study of the digestive tract, performed before and after different treatment approaches, demonstrates that the surgical treatment has to be considered as the treatment of choice of achalasia, reserving endoscopic treatment to patients with high operative risk and refusing surgery. PMID:26819603

  7. Imaging in the Evaluation of Endoscopic or Surgical Treatment for Achalasia

    PubMed Central

    Palladino, Diego; Mardighian, Andrea; D'Amora, Marilina; Roberto, Luca; Lassandro, Francesco; Rossi, Claudia; Gatta, Gianluca; Scaglione, Mariano; Giuseppe, Guglielmi

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. Aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of the endoscopic (pneumatic dilation) versus surgical (Heller myotomy) treatment in patients affected by esophageal achalasia using barium X-ray examination of the digestive tract performed before and after the treatment. Materials and Methods. 19 patients (10 males and 9 females) were enrolled in this study; each patient underwent a barium X-ray examination to evaluate the esophageal diameter and the height of the barium column before and after endoscopic or surgical treatment. Results. The mean variation of oesophageal diameter before and after treatment is −2.1 mm for surgery and 1.74 mm for pneumatic dilation (OR 0.167, CI 95% 0.02–1.419, and P: 0.10). The variations of all variables, with the exception of the oesophageal diameter variation, are strongly related to the treatment performed. Conclusions. The barium X-ray study of the digestive tract, performed before and after different treatment approaches, demonstrates that the surgical treatment has to be considered as the treatment of choice of achalasia, reserving endoscopic treatment to patients with high operative risk and refusing surgery. PMID:26819603

  8. Surgical strategies and modern therapeutic options in the treatment of craniopharyngiomas.

    PubMed

    Mortini, Pietro; Gagliardi, Filippo; Boari, Nicola; Losa, Marco

    2013-12-01

    The optimal treatment of patients with craniopharyngioma remains controversial. In particular, the role of aggressive treatment compared to less aggressive therapeutic options is poorly understood. Radical resection is the therapy of choice at any age, because it is associated with the best outcome in terms of survival. Nevertheless, aggressive behaviour, location, involvement of critical structures, tumour size, calcifications, and patient age may limit the extent of resection. Surgery can also carry significant morbidity in terms of visual, hypothalamic, and endocrinological disturbances. Long term sequelae reduce the quality of life in 50% of long-term survivors, notably obesity and neurobehavioral impairment due to hypthalamic involvement and iatrogenic induced lesions. The quality of life should be considered as a clinically important endpoint in patients, who currently experience good overall survival rates, regardless of the degree of surgical resection. Tendency to recur despite negative postoperative imaging led many authors to advocate a less aggressive surgical treatment followed by radiation therapy. We review the data reported in the literature, especially early outcome after surgical treatment and factors affecting the risk of tumour recurrence, to elucidate the role of attempted radical resection in the treatment of craniopharyngioma and to identify the clinical and morphological characteristics predictive for the best surgical prognosis. PMID:23932582

  9. Scar prevention and remodeling: a review of the medical, surgical, topical and light treatment approaches.

    PubMed

    Kerwin, Leonard Y; El Tal, Abdel Kader; Stiff, Mark A; Fakhouri, Tarek M

    2014-08-01

    Cosmetic, functional, and structural sequelae of scarring are innumerable, and measures exist to optimize and ultimately minimize these sequelae. To evaluate the innumerable methods available to decrease the cosmetic, functional, and structural repercussions of scarring, pubMed search of the English literature with key words scar, scar revision, scar prevention, scar treatment, scar remodeling, cicatrix, cicatrix treatment, and cicatrix remodeling was done. Original articles and reviews were examined and included. Seventy-nine manuscripts were reviewed. Techniques, comparisons, and results were reviewed and tabulated. Overall, though topical modalities are easier to use and are usually more attractive to the patient, the surgical approaches still prove to be superior and more reliable. However, advances in topical medications for scar modification are on the rise and a change towards medical treatment of scars may emerge as the next best approach. Comparison studies of the innumerable specific modalities for scar revision and prevention are impossible. Standardization of techniques is lacking. Scarring, the body's natural response to a wound, can create many adverse effects. At this point, the practice of sound, surgical fundamentals still trump the most advanced preventative methods and revision techniques. Advances in medical approaches are available, however, to assist the scarring process, which even the most advanced surgical fundamentals will ultimately lead to. Whether through newer topical therapies, light treatment, or classical surgical intervention, our treatment armamentarium of scars has expanded and will allow us to maximize scar prevention and to minimize scar morbidity. PMID:24697346

  10. Current indications for the surgical treatment of prolactinomas.

    PubMed

    Smith, Timothy R; Hulou, M Maher; Huang, Kevin T; Gokoglu, Abdulkerim; Cote, David J; Woodmansee, Whitney W; Laws, Edward R

    2015-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the current indications for transsphenoidal surgery in the prolactinoma patient population, and to determine the outcomes of patients who undergo such operations. Transsphenoidal surgery may be indicated in prolactinoma patients who are resistant and/or intolerant to dopamine agonist (DA) therapy. We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of prolactinoma patients over a 6 year period (April 2008 to April 2014) at a large volume academic center. The median follow-up time was 12.0 months (range: 3-69). All patients who were included in the study (n=66) were treated with DA therapy and subsequently underwent an endonasal transsphenoidal operation. Of the 66 patients, 44 were women (mean age 34.2 years) and 22 were men (mean 41.7 years). There were 29 (43.9%) intolerant patients and 29 (43.9%) resistant patients. Postoperatively, 18 intolerant patients (66.7%) had normalized prolactin levels without the need for DA therapy, and five (17.2%) required DA to normalize their prolactin levels (p=0.02). Six patients (20.6%) had persistently elevated prolactin levels but were no longer receiving DA treatment (p<0.001). Postoperatively, 10 resistant patients (35.7%) had normal prolactin levels without DA therapy, and seven patients (25%) were treated with DA therapy to normalize their prolactin levels (p=0.22). Eight patients (28.6%) had supraphysiologic prolactin levels but were no longer taking a DA (p<0.001). Three patients (10.7%) were hyperprolactinemic, despite postoperative treatment with DA (p<0.001). After an appropriate treatment interval with multiple DA, radiographic follow-up, and careful clinical evaluation, prolactinoma patients can be offered surgery as an effective therapeutic option. PMID:26277642

  11. [Surgical treatment of penile lymphedema associated with hidradenitis suppurativa].

    PubMed

    García-Tutor, E; Botellé del Hierro, J; San Martín Maya, A; Castro García, J; España, A; Fernández Montero, J; Robles García, J E

    2005-05-01

    Penoscrotal lymphedema is a rare disease in the developed countries, although it is relatively frequent in tropical countries. The most common cause is filariasis, although in our practice usually is associate to neoplasic and inflammatory processes, surgery, radiotherapy, hidroelectrolitic disbalances and idiopathic. We present a 22 years old patient with penoscrotal lymphedema due to hidradenitis suppurativa. After unsuccessful medical treatment, was performed a total excision of the penile skin and subcutaneous tissue to Buck's fascia. Split thickness skin grafts were used to cover the defect. Even medical management of penoscrotal lymphedema is not effective for most patients, surgery is a safe and effective procedure that gives excellent functional and cosmetic results. PMID:16013800

  12. Focal cooling devices for the surgical treatment of epilepsy.

    PubMed

    Smyth, Matthew D; Rothman, Steven M

    2011-10-01

    Focal cooling may provide a safe, nondestructive alternative to resective and disconnective strategies that have been proposed or used to control refractory epilepsy. Observations of the effects of direct application of iced saline on the cortical surface during cortical mapping surgery and induced seizures have led to interest in developing implantable cooling therapy devices for refractory localizable epilepsies. In this article, the authors provide an overview of the historical background, physiology, and animal and human data leading to the development of implantable cooling devices for the treatment of medically refractory epilepsy. PMID:21939851

  13. Current Opinions on Surgical Treatment of Fractures of the Condylar Head

    PubMed Central

    Boffano, Paolo; Benech, Rodolfo; Gallesio, Cesare; Arcuri, Francesco; Benech, Arnaldo

    2014-01-01

    Treatment of mandibular condyle fractures is still controversial, with surgical treatment slowly becoming the preferred option. However, fractures of the condylar head (diacapitular fractures) are still treated conservatively at many institutions. Recently, more and more surgeons have begun to perform open treatment for diacapitular fractures because it allows to restore the anatomical position of the fragments and disc, it allows an immediate functional movement of the jaw, and avoid the ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint induced by the trauma. Several techniques have been proposed to reduce and fix fractures of the condylar head, such as standard bone screws, resorbable screws, resorbable pins, and cannulated lag screws. Therefore, the aim of this article is to review the literature about the surgical treatment of fractures of the condylar head to resume the current knowledge about open treatment of such fractures. PMID:25050145

  14. The rationale of surgical pulmonary vein isolation for treatment of atrial fibrillation

    PubMed Central

    Accord, R.E.; van Brakel, T.J.; Maessen, J.G.

    2005-01-01

    With the development of less invasive surgical approaches and new ablation techniques, surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation has gained increasing interest over the past decade. Contrary to the complex Maze procedure, new less laborious approaches with pulmonary vein isolation as the main focus are within the reach of most cardiothoracic surgeons. However, although important new pathophysiological mechanisms have emerged in recent years due to extensive basic and clinical research, several uncertainties and hurdles concerning this treatment modality remain. This article reviews the rationale of surgical pulmonary vein isolation, based on these increased insights. Furthermore, important technical aspects including the possible advantages of an epicardial approach, the optimal left-sided lesion set and the need for transmurality are discussed in depth. PMID:25696485

  15. Crouzon syndrome: Virtual planning of surgical treatment by application of internal distractors.

    PubMed

    Rahimov, Chingiz; Asadov, Ruslan; Hajiyeva, Gunel; Verdiyev, Nazim; Novruzov, Zaur; Farzaliyev, Ismayil

    2016-01-01

    Crouzon syndrome is one of the frequent pathologies within craniosynostosis syndrome. Current progress in computers and biotechnologies allows improving surgical approach and forecasting final result of reconstruction as well. We present a case of successful surgical treatment of Crouzon syndrome, done by application of virtual planning allowing determining "monobloc" features, type of reconstruction and distraction protocol as well. A 20-year-old female had presented with craniofacial deformity. Clinical and radiological investigation revealed Crouzon syndrome. The "monobloc" creation, cranioplasty and internal distractors positioning, direction and schedule of advancement were done according to preoperative virtual planning data achieved by Materialise Mimics Research software. Nine months postoperative functional and esthetic result and radiological findings showed to be reasonable. That application of virtual simulation significantly allows to determine best direction of distraction and improves postoperative outcomes of surgical treatment of Crouzon syndrome. PMID:27563623

  16. Crouzon syndrome: Virtual planning of surgical treatment by application of internal distractors

    PubMed Central

    Rahimov, Chingiz; Asadov, Ruslan; Hajiyeva, Gunel; Verdiyev, Nazim; Novruzov, Zaur; Farzaliyev, Ismayil

    2016-01-01

    Crouzon syndrome is one of the frequent pathologies within craniosynostosis syndrome. Current progress in computers and biotechnologies allows improving surgical approach and forecasting final result of reconstruction as well. We present a case of successful surgical treatment of Crouzon syndrome, done by application of virtual planning allowing determining “monobloc” features, type of reconstruction and distraction protocol as well. A 20-year-old female had presented with craniofacial deformity. Clinical and radiological investigation revealed Crouzon syndrome. The “monobloc” creation, cranioplasty and internal distractors positioning, direction and schedule of advancement were done according to preoperative virtual planning data achieved by Materialise Mimics Research software. Nine months postoperative functional and esthetic result and radiological findings showed to be reasonable. That application of virtual simulation significantly allows to determine best direction of distraction and improves postoperative outcomes of surgical treatment of Crouzon syndrome.

  17. Surgical treatment of labyrinthine fistula in patients with cholesteatoma.

    PubMed

    Ueda, Y; Kurita, T; Matsuda, Y; Ito, S; Nakashima, T

    2009-01-01

    Labyrinthine fistula is one of the most common complications of chronic otitis media associated with cholesteatoma. The optimal management of labyrinthine fistula, however, remains controversial. Between 1995 and 2005, labyrinthine fistulae were detected in 31 (6 per cent) patients in our institution. The canal wall down technique was used in 27 (87 per cent) patients. The cholesteatoma matrix was completely removed in the first stage in all patients. Bone dust and/or temporalis fascia was inserted to seal the fistula in 29 (94 per cent) patients. A post-operative hearing test was undertaken in 27 patients; seven (26 per cent) patients showed improved hearing, 17 (63 per cent) showed no change and three (11 per cent) showed a deterioration. The study findings indicate that there are various treatment strategies available for cholesteatoma, and that the treatment choice should be based on such criteria as auditory and vestibular function, the surgeon's ability and experience, and the location and size of the fistula. PMID:19460207

  18. Prevention of post-operative infections after surgical treatment of bite wounds

    PubMed Central

    Kramer, Axel; Assadian, Ojan; Frank, Matthias; Bender, Claudia; Hinz, Peter

    2010-01-01

    After reviewing the literature about the microbial spectrum, the risk factors of post-operative infections, and the results of surgical interventions, the following recommendation can be made for the management of bite wounds: fresh, open wounds: surgical debridement, if appropriate, then an antiseptic lavage with a fluid consisting of povidone iodine and ethanol (e.g., Betaseptic®), no antibiotics, primary wound closure nearly closed fresh wounds (e.g., cat bites): surgical debridement, if appropriate, dressing with an antiseptic-soaked compress for ~60 minutes with repeated soaking (e.g., Betaseptic®), no antibiotics older wounds after ~4 hours: surgical debridement, if appropriate, dressing with an antiseptic-soaked compress or bandage for ~60 minutes with repeated soaking (e.g., Betaseptic®), at the same time intravenous or dose-adapted oral antibiotics (Amoxicillin and/or clavulanic acid) older wounds after ~24 hours: surgical debridement, then antiseptic lavage (Betaseptic®), in case of clinically apparent infection or inflammation surgical revision with opening of wound and treatment with antibiotics according to resistogram (empirical start with Amoxicillin and/or clavulanic acid). For each kind of bite wound, the patient’s tetanus immunization status as well as the risk of exposure to rabies have to be assessed. Similarly, the possibility of other infections, such as lues (Syphilis), hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HBC), hepatitis D (HDV) and HIV, in the rare case of a human bite wound, has to be taken into account. PMID:20941334

  19. [Surgical treatment of lumbar intervertebral disk displacement. Indications and methods].

    PubMed

    Krämer, J; Ludwig, J

    1999-07-01

    The decision about operative or non-operative treatment of herniated lumbar discs has to be based on the results of clinical and neurological examination. Results of imaging techniques as CT or MRI are secondary. Various percutaneous endoscopic or open techniques have been described. The most appropriate technique is determined by the anatomical situation of the dislocated lumbar disc tissue. Intradiscal percutaneous therapies such as percutaneous nucleotomy and laser decompression are possible, but they revealed poor results in prospective randomized and controlled studies. Chemonucleolysis remains as an effective intradiscal technique at the time, but is afflicted with side effects and complications. Endoscopic transforaminal or interlaminary techniques are still experimental. Whenever open surgery is necessary, microsurgical techniques are preferred. If a certain technique is to be applied, there has to be the correct indication, technical support for and experience in using the choosen method. PMID:10474839

  20. [Surgical options in the treatment of chronic venous ulcers].

    PubMed

    Stellmes, Arno; Derungs, Urs; Schmidli, Jürg; Widmer, Matthias K

    2011-03-01

    Surgery offers several options in prevention of chronic venous insufficiency and its sequelae. Both the operation on veins with valve dysfunction to reduce reflux and the elimination of obstruction in thrombosed veins aim for the reduction of venous hypertension. Elevated venous pressure, impairment of cutaneous capillaries and a chronic inflammatory process result in sclerosis of skin and subcutaneous tissue and might proceed to the fascia resulting in a chronic compartment syndrome. Non- healing chronic venous ulcers under conservative therapy for more than three months may be treated by vein-surgery, local wound care therapy like shaving and negative pressure treatment and if necessary by lowering of elevated intracompartimental pressure by fasciotomy or even fasciectomy. PMID:21360463

  1. [Surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis in Gabon].

    PubMed

    Loembe, P M; Ndong-Launay, M; Chouteau, Y; Mwanyombet-Ompounga, L; Dukuly, L; Bouger, D

    1990-01-01

    The authors report their experiences based on 41 cases operated on for lumbar spinal stenosis between 1981 and 1988. The series included 28 men and 13 women aged between 23 and 63 years (mean age: 48 years). Neurogenic intermittent claudication was the presenting symptom in only 12% of the cases, as opposed to lumbago-sciatica in 78%. Clinical examination did not provide any specific elements. The key to diagnosis was lumbar myelography. Laminectomy was the most important aspect of treatment which, in certain cases, was associated with vertebral stabilization by arthrodesis (3 cases). There were ten minor operative complications. Further surgery was necessary in five cases (12%). Therapeutic results in patients followed from one to eight years (35 cases) were satisfactory. The discussion covers nosologic, clinicoradiologic and therapeutic aspects. PMID:2142258

  2. Early radiographic diagnosis of peri-implantitis enhances the outcome of peri-implantitis treatment: a 5-year retrospective study after non-surgical treatment

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Hee-Yung; Park, Shin-Young; Kim, Jin-Ah; Kim, Young-Kyun

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This retrospective study evaluated the relationship between the timing of peri-implantitis diagnosis and marginal bone level after a 5-year follow-up of non-surgical peri-implantitis treatment. Methods Thirty-three patients (69 implants) were given peri-implantitis diagnosis in 2008-2009 in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. Among them, 31 implants from 16 patients were included in this study. They were treated non-surgically in this hospital, and came for regular maintenance visits for at least 5 years after peri-implantitis treatment. Radiographic marginal bone levels at each interval were measured and statistical analysis was performed. Results Timing of peri-implantitis was one of the significant factors affecting initial bone loss and total bone loss not additional bone after peri-implantitis diagnosis. Patients with cardiovascular disease and diabetic mellitus were positively influenced on both initial bone loss and total bone loss. Patients who needed periodontal treatment after implant placement showed a negative effect on bone loss compared to those who needed periodontal treatment before implant placement during entire periods. Implant location also significantly influenced on amounts of bone loss. Mandibular implants showed less bone loss than maxillary implants. Among surgical factors, combined use of autogenous and xenogenic bone graft materials showed a negative effect on bone loss compared to autogenous bone graft materials. Use of membrane negatively affected on initial bone loss but positively on additional bone loss and total bone loss. Thread exposure showed positive effects on initial bone loss and total bone loss. Conclusions Early peri-implantitis diagnosis led to early non-surgical intervention for peri-implantitis treatment, which resulted in the maintenance of the bone level as well as preservation of the implant. Graphical Abstract PMID:26131368

  3. Influence of age on delayed surgical treatment of proximal femoral fractures

    PubMed Central

    Gomes, Lisiane Pinto; do Nascimento, Leandra Delfim; Campos, Tulio Vinicius de Oliveira; Paiva, Edson Barreto; de Andrade, Marco Antonio Percope; Guimarães, Henrique Cerqueira

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE : To investigate the influence of patients' age on the delay between diagnosis and surgical treatment of proximal femoral fractures METHODS : This is a retrospective study, con-ducted at a tertiary university hospital, including all patients admitted with proximal femoral fractures between March 2013 and March 2014. The participants were categorized into four groups according to age levels. The groups were compared according to demographics, comorbidities, fracture type, trau-ma circumstances, and time between diagnosis and surgical procedure RESULTS : One hundred and sixty one patients were included, 37 adults and 124 elderly. Among adults, the mean delay between diagnosis and surgical procedure was 6.4±5.3 days; among elderly the delay was 9.5±7.6 days. There was a progressive increase in the delay from the young-adults group through the elderly individuals (Kruskal-Wallis: 13.7; p=0.003) CONCLUSION : In spite of being the patients most susceptible to complications due to surgical delay, the elderly individuals pre-sented the longest delays from admission to surgical treatment. Level of Evidence III, Retrospective Study. PMID:27057145

  4. Surgical Treatment Alone of Cerebral Aspergillosis in Immunocompetent Patient.

    PubMed

    Beraldo, Daniel; Guerra, Ramon; Alvarenga, Vinícius; Crepaldi, Letícia

    2016-09-01

    Aspergillosis is a disease that predominantly affects immunocompromised patients. The incidence in immunocompetents is rare, and manifestation is generally pulmonary. Few reports in the literature refer to isolated cerebral aspergillosis in individuals with no chronic comorbidities. We describe a case of a 59-year-old rural worker without previous pathologies who had a partial convulsive crisis in a subtle form, with self-limiting and nonrecurrent secondary generalization. Diagnostic investigation demonstrated a subcortical tumorlike lesion in the right precentral gyrus by nuclear magnetic resonance that allowed en bloc microsurgical resection, with histopathologic findings indicating cerebral aspergillosis. Because of the delay in obtaining the result of the biopsy due to technical difficulties with analysis, the diagnosis was delayed. The patient was clinically stable, with imaging without modifications and with negative serologic tests, so it was decided to follow the patient without antifungal therapy, which was successful. This was a case of isolated cerebral aspergillosis in an immunocompetent individual who was successfully treated by complete resection of the lesion alone, without combined antifungal therapy. PMID:26238939

  5. Epidemiology and changed surgical treatment methods for fractures of the distal radius

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background and purpose The incidence of fractures of the distal radius may have changed over the last decade, and operative treatment has been commoner during that time. We investigated the incidence of fractures of the distal radius and changing trends in surgical treatment during the period 2004–2010. Patients and methods Registry data on 42,583 patients with a fracture of the distal radius from 2004 to 2010 were evaluated regarding diagnosis, age, sex, and surgical treatment. Results The crude incidence rate was 31 per 104 person-years with a bimodal distribution. After the age of 45 years, the incidence rate in women increased rapidly and leveled off first at a very high age. The incidence rate in postmenopausal women was lower than previously reported. In men, the incidence was low and it increased slowly until the age of 80 years, when it amounted to 31 per 104 person-years. The number of surgical procedures increased by more than 40% despite the fact that there was reduced incidence during the study period. In patients ≥ 18 years of age, the proportion of fractures treated with plating increased from 16% to 70% while the use of external fixation decreased by about the same amount. Interpretation The incidence rate of distal radius fractures in postmenopausal women appears to have decreased over the last few decades. There has been a shift in surgical treatment from external fixation to open reduction and plating. PMID:23594225

  6. New option for surgical treatment of the trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Kodama, Narihito; Takemura, Yoshinori; Imai, Shinji; Matsusue, Yoshitaka

    2015-01-01

    We present the case of a 71-year-old, left-handed woman with left thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint arthritis. The patient had no pain and could use the hand actively in daily life with a new option of surgical treatment, a vascularized pedicled third CMC joint transfer to the thumb CMC joint.

  7. Surgical treatment for mitral stenosis in Scheie's syndrome: mucopolysaccharidosis type I-S.

    PubMed

    Kitabayashi, Katsukiyo; Matsumiya, Goro; Ichikawa, Hajime; Matsue, Hajime; Shimamura, Kazuo; Sawa, Yoshiki

    2007-08-01

    Scheie's syndrome is a subtype of mucopolysaccharidosis, which is a rare hereditary disorder of proteoglycan degrading enzymes. Deposition of mucopolysaccharide often causes cardiac disease, especially valvular lesion, but reports of its surgical treatment have been rare. We report a case of 41-year-old woman with Scheie's syndrome who successfully underwent mitral valve replacement for mitral stenosis. PMID:17643657

  8. Erythritol-Enriched Air-Polishing Powder for the Surgical Treatment of Peri-Implantitis.

    PubMed

    Taschieri, Silvio; Weinstein, Roberto; Del Fabbro, Massimo; Corbella, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    Peri-implantitis represents a major complication that can compromise the success and survival of implant-supported rehabilitations. Both surgical and nonsurgical treatment protocols were proposed to improve clinical parameters and to treat implants affected by peri-implantitis. A systematic review of the literature was performed on electronic databases. The use of air-polishing powder in surgical treatment of peri-implantitis was investigated. A total of five articles, of different study designs, were included in the review. A meta-analysis could not be performed. The data from included studies reported a substantial benefit of the use of air-polishing powders for the decontamination of implant surface in surgical protocols. A case report of guided bone regeneration in sites with implants affected by peri-implantitis was presented. Surgical treatment of peri-implantitis, though demanding and not supported by a wide scientific literature, could be considered a viable treatment option if an adequate decontamination of infected surfaces could be obtained. PMID:26065025

  9. Erythritol-Enriched Air-Polishing Powder for the Surgical Treatment of Peri-Implantitis

    PubMed Central

    Taschieri, Silvio; Weinstein, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    Peri-implantitis represents a major complication that can compromise the success and survival of implant-supported rehabilitations. Both surgical and nonsurgical treatment protocols were proposed to improve clinical parameters and to treat implants affected by peri-implantitis. A systematic review of the literature was performed on electronic databases. The use of air-polishing powder in surgical treatment of peri-implantitis was investigated. A total of five articles, of different study designs, were included in the review. A meta-analysis could not be performed. The data from included studies reported a substantial benefit of the use of air-polishing powders for the decontamination of implant surface in surgical protocols. A case report of guided bone regeneration in sites with implants affected by peri-implantitis was presented. Surgical treatment of peri-implantitis, though demanding and not supported by a wide scientific literature, could be considered a viable treatment option if an adequate decontamination of infected surfaces could be obtained. PMID:26065025

  10. [ASSESSMENT OF EFFICACY OF MELATONIN IN SURGICAL TREATMENT OF COLON TUMORS].

    PubMed

    Pliss, M M; Sedov, V M; Fishman, M B

    2015-01-01

    Melatonin is neurohormone, which is involved in regulation of many functions of an organism, including the digestive system. Therefore the authors offered to include this hormone as a preconditioner factor in surgical treatment of colon tumors using laparotomy and laparoscopy. Preoperative application of melatonin allowed shortening the terms of postoperative period and hospital stay. PMID:26983264

  11. Pharmacologic and surgical treatment of dyslipidemic children and adolescents.

    PubMed

    Hoeg, J M

    1991-01-01

    A wide variety of treatment modalities have been used in children with dyslipidemias to reduce the concentrations of atherogenic lipoprotein particles. Most of the published experience has focused upon children with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). A variety of pharmacologic regimens have been utilized with variable degrees of success. The bile acid sequestrants colestipol and cholestyramine, lovastatin, pantethine, paraminosalicylic acid, and fenofibrate have all been successful in reducing total blood cholesterol concentrations by 18-24% in hypercholesterolemic children. Of these medications, only the bile acid sequestrants are not absorbed into the circulation. This theoretic advantage is paralled by long-term safety studies which indicate the absence of serious adverse effects with bile acid sequestrant therapy. Therefore, the bile acid sequestrants represent the drugs of choice in treating severely dyslipidemic children. In selected cases of profoundly dyslipidemic children, other therapeutic strategies have been utilized. Most of these efforts have been directed in the treatment of the child homozygous for FH. Despite the lipid lowering effects of partial ileal bypass surgery in hypercholesterolemic adults, homozygous familial hypercholesterolemic children are not adequately treated by this approach. Portacaval shunt has reduced the total cholesterol concentrations by 20-35% in homozygous FH children without having a negative impact on growth and development. These children have, however, gone on to develop atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease despite therapy. Liver transplantation has led to virtual normalization of the plasma lipoprotein concentrations in 3 children homozygous for familial hypercholesterolemia, and there is evidence for regression of vascular lesions in the coronary arteries in one of these children. However, considering the expense, the difficulty in posttransplantation management, and the irreversible nature of the therapy, liver

  12. Pros and cons in endocrine practice: pre-surgical treatment with somatostatin analogues in acromegaly.

    PubMed

    Losa, Marco; Bollerslev, Jens

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this commentary is to balance the pros and cons for pre-surgical SSA treatment in a modern perspective ending up with a pragmatic recommendation for treatment based on the current evidence and expertise of the authors. Even though prospective and randomized studies in this particular area are hampered by obvious limitations, the interpretation of the four published trials has in general been in favor of pre-treatment with SSA, showing a better outcome following surgery. However, major drawbacks of these studies, such as non-optimal diagnostic criteria for cure, potential selection bias, and timing of the postoperative evaluation in SSA pre-treated patients, limit their overall interpretation. Three matched-controlled studies showed remarkably similar results with no apparent beneficial effect of SSA pre-treatment on surgical outcome. Both prospective, randomized studies and retrospective studies did not find any significant difference in the rate of endocrine and non-endocrine complications related to surgery, despite the beneficial clinical effects of SSA treatment in most acromegalic patients. The newly diagnosed patient with acromegaly should be carefully evaluated in the trans-disciplinary neuroendocrine team and treatment individualized accordingly. The issue of SSA pre-treatment to improve surgical outcome is yet to be settled and further methodologically sound studies are probably necessary to clarify this point. PMID:26785848

  13. Surgical adjuvant treatment of locally advanced breast cancer.

    PubMed Central

    Townsend, C M; Abston, S; Fish, J C

    1985-01-01

    The reported incidence of local recurrence after mastectomy for locally advanced breast cancer (TNM Stage III and IV) is between 30% and 50%. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of radiation therapy (XRT) followed by total mastectomy on the incidence of local recurrence in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. Fifty-three patients who presented with locally advanced breast cancer, without distant metastases, were treated with XRT (4500-5000 R) to the breast, chest wall, and regional lymph nodes. Five weeks after completion of XRT, total mastectomy was performed. There were no operative deaths. The complications that occurred in 22 patients after surgery were flap necrosis, wound infection, and seroma. Patients have been followed from 3 to 134 months. Twenty-five patients are alive (3-134 months), 12 free of disease; 28 patients have died with distant metastases (6-67 months). Isolated local recurrence occurred in only two patients. Four patients had local and distant recurrence (total local recurrence is 6/53). The remaining patients all developed distant metastases. We have devised a treatment strategy which significantly decreases the incidence of local recurrence in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. However, the rapid appearance of distant metastases emphasizes the need for systemically active therapy in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. PMID:3994434

  14. Results of Surgical Treatment of Schwannomas Arising from Extremities

    PubMed Central

    Urban, Maciej; Wnukiewicz, Witold; Reichert, Paweł; Ziółkowski, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Schwannomas are benign neoplasms derived from Schwann cells. In this work, we present our experience in operative management of schwannomas and analyse results of treatment. Clinical material consisted of 34 patients, in whom 44 schwannomas located in extremities were excised between 1985 and 2013. Thirty-five tumours originated from major peripheral nerves and 9 from small nerve branches. Postoperatively, in the first group of tumours, pain resolved in 100%, paresthesias in 83.3%, and Hoffmann-Tinel sign in 91.6% of the patients. Improvement in motor function was noted in 28.5% of the cases, in sensory function: complete in 70%, and partial in 15%. The most frequently affected major peripheral nerves were the ulnar (11 tumours) and median (5 tumours) nerves. Schwannomas originating from small nerve branches were removed without identification of the site of origin. After their resection, definitive healing was achieved. Conclusions. (1) Schwannomas located in extremities arise predominantly from major peripheral nerves, most commonly the ulnar and median nerves. (2) Gradual tumour growth causes exacerbation of compression neuropathy, creating an indication for surgery. (3) In most cases, improvement in peripheral nerve function after excision of schwannoma is achieved. (4) The risk of new permanent postoperative neurological deficits is low. PMID:25793198

  15. From Hippocrates to tissue engineering: surgical strategies in wound treatment.

    PubMed

    Nicoli Aldini, Nicolò; Fini, Milena; Giardino, Roberto

    2008-09-01

    The history of wound treatment has been virtually the history of surgery for many centuries and also is a history of alliance and conflicts between the physician and nature. The Hippocratic statement about natura medicatrix has been well known since antiquity, but often was neglected. Suppuration was considered a necessary event in the healing process and was elicited by the surgeons with traumatic and painful procedures. The concept of simplicity in treating the wounds was suggested by Teodorico Borgognone and Henry de Mondeville in 13th century and was confirmed only three centuries later by the works of Ambroise Paré and Cesare Magati. The history of wound management has been characterized by empiricism since the 18th century, but it took a physiopathological direction during the 19th century when Virchow investigated tissue reaction to injuries, and Lister introduced antiseptic procedures in surgery. By establishing the basis for a biological method to treat wounds, the seeds were sown to enhance the pathways involved in tissue repair, also with the support of new strategies and technology. PMID:18581166

  16. Biliopancreatic Diversion with Gastrectomy as Surgical Treatment of Morbid Obesity.

    PubMed

    Marceau; Biron; St Georges R; Duclos; Potvin; Bourque

    1991-12-01

    The best procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity has not yet been defined. Biliopancreatic diversion is one of the techniques available, but its results have not been sufficiently documented and the addition of a subtotal gastrectomy to the diversion so as to avoid leaving a blind non-functioning stomach, is still questionable. The purpose of this paper is to report our experience with our first 149 consecutive patients who were treated by biliopancreatic diversion with subtotal gastrectomy for morbid obesity. Operative mortality was 3% and morbidity 12%. The weight loss was marked during the first 6 months and decreased during the following 12 months. The weight stabilized at 2 years and there was subsequently a small increase. In only two out of 48 cases was the weight loss less than 25% of the initial weight at 2 years. The undesirable side-effects were diarrhea in 6%, vomiting in 9% and dyspepsia in 4%. The intervention leads to a malabsorption of carotene, iron, albumin and calcium. Except for carotene the deficiencies were corrected by oral supplement. In two patients, with resistant deficiencies, the diversion was reversed. Eighty-eight percent of the patients are satisfied with this intervention. At 2 years, 70% have reached their weight loss objective without any major side-effects or nutritional deficiencies, but in 14% the outcome of the procedure must be considered unsatisfactory. Biliopancreatic diversion with subtotal gastrectomy is a major operation, but it gives encouraging results so far. PMID:10775939

  17. Surgical Treatment of Synovial Osteochondromatosis of the Hip Using a Modified-Hardinge Approach with a Z-Shaped Capsular Incision

    PubMed Central

    Fukunishi, Shigeo; Nishio, Shoji; Fujihara, Yuki; Fukui, Tomokazu; Okahisa, Shohei; Yoshiya, Shinichi

    2015-01-01

    Synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip is a rare condition, and the surgical treatment approach for this condition requires complete removal of loose bodies combined with synovectomy. While these, procedures are generally accepted as the optimal treatment method, this is still controversial topic. Recent studies have reported that open surgical procedures remain acceptable for synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip. These procedures include the dislocation of the femoral head, and complications such as femoral head necrosis and bursitis or great trochanter non-union due to trochanteric osteotomy have been reported. The present study reports a modified technique for surgical dislocation through a Z-shaped capsular incision without trochanteric flip osteotomy for the treatment of synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip. PMID:26793291

  18. Surgical Treatment of Synovial Osteochondromatosis of the Hip Using a Modified-Hardinge Approach with a Z-Shaped Capsular Incision.

    PubMed

    Takeda, Yu; Fukunishi, Shigeo; Nishio, Shoji; Fujihara, Yuki; Fukui, Tomokazu; Okahisa, Shohei; Yoshiya, Shinichi

    2015-12-28

    Synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip is a rare condition, and the surgical treatment approach for this condition requires complete removal of loose bodies combined with synovectomy. While these, procedures are generally accepted as the optimal treatment method, this is still controversial topic. Recent studies have reported that open surgical procedures remain acceptable for synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip. These procedures include the dislocation of the femoral head, and complications such as femoral head necrosis and bursitis or great trochanter non-union due to trochanteric osteotomy have been reported. The present study reports a modified technique for surgical dislocation through a Z-shaped capsular incision without trochanteric flip osteotomy for the treatment of synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip. PMID:26793291

  19. The Influence of Frontal Lobe Tumors and Surgical Treatment on Advanced Cognitive Functions.

    PubMed

    Fang, Shengyu; Wang, Yinyan; Jiang, Tao

    2016-07-01

    Brain cognitive functions affect patient quality of life. The frontal lobe plays a crucial role in advanced cognitive functions, including executive function, meta-cognition, decision-making, memory, emotion, and language. Therefore, frontal tumors can lead to serious cognitive impairments. Currently, neurosurgical treatment is the primary method to treat brain tumors; however, the effects of the surgical treatments are difficult to predict or control. The treatment may both resolve the effects of the tumor to improve cognitive function or cause permanent disabilities resulting from damage to healthy functional brain tissue. Previous studies have focused on the influence of frontal lesions and surgical treatments on patient cognitive function. Here, we review cognitive impairment caused by frontal lobe brain tumors. PMID:27072331

  20. Surgical treatment of T3 lung cancer invading the chest wall.

    PubMed

    Beltrami, V; Bezzi, M; Illuminati, G; Forte, A; Angelici, A; Bertagni, A; Ciulli, A; Gallinaro, L; Lorenzotti, A; Montesano, G; Palumbo, P G; Prece, V

    1999-01-01

    Lung tumors invading the chest wall are classed as belonging to the T3 group and are considered potentially resectable. Their management, however, is controversial, and extrapleural resection, when possible, is preferred to en bloc resection which is regarded as a far more invasive and dangerous operation. Five year survival rates for completely resected cases range in the literature from 25 to 35%, but survival rates are much worse if lymph node metastases are present. These poor outcomes have prompted the development of combined surgical approaches: preoperative radiation therapy, with or without chemotherapy, has been used with an improvement in resectability rates, but only modest results in terms of median survival; in a number of case series, increased operative morbidity and mortality have been reported with this approach. The present report relates to 122 patients treated by en bloc (20 cases) or extrapleural (102 cases) resection, 31 of whom also received neoadjuvant treatment. The operative mortality was 4.6%. Median survival was 17 months after en bloc resection and 19 months after extrapleural resection. Though no statistically significant difference was found, extrapleural resection would appear to yield better results than the en bloc procedure. PMID:10742890

  1. [Development of Precision Medicine in the Surgical Treatment of Lung Cancer].

    PubMed

    Tan, Fengwei; Li, Ning; Gao, Shugeng; He, Jie

    2016-06-20

    Precision medicine is to developing the most appropriate individualized treatment for each patient based on the macro to the micro level of individual differences. Genomic, proteomics, metabolomics data, and other big data analysis methods are the essence of precision medicine. Precision medicine brings the hope to overcome cancer. Among all kinds of tumors, lung cancer is the biggest threat to human. This paper reviewed the development of precision medicine in the surgical treatment of lung cancer. PMID:27335287

  2. Surgical treatment of axillary hyperhidrosis by suction-curettage of sweat glands*

    PubMed Central

    de Rezende, Rebeca Maffra; Luz, Flávio Barbosa

    2014-01-01

    Suction curettage is a dermatologic surgery technique for the treatment of axillary hyperhidrosis, which is becoming more popular. Objective: The purpose of this study is to describe the current technique of removal of axillary sweat glands, and evaluate its efficacy and safety. Conclusion: Suction-curettage of sweat glands is a minimally invasive surgical technique that is easy to perform, safe, has high rates of success and relatively few side-effects. It is generally well tolerated by patients and requires shorter time away from daily activities, when compared with other surgical modalities. PMID:25387499

  3. [EXPERIENCE OF RELAPAROTOMY APPLICATION IN SURGICAL TREATMENT OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY ORGANS DISEASES].

    PubMed

    Malyk, S V; Podlesnyi, V I; Lavrenko, D O; Ksyonz, I V

    2015-10-01

    During 2011 - 2014 yrs in Surgical Clinic of The First City Clinic (Poltava) a relaparotomy was performed in 127 patients. There was established, that relaparotomy constitutes the only one procedure for such life threatening states, as intraabdominal bleeding, ileus in a decompensation stage, eventration, progressing peritonitis, abdominal compartment syndrome stages III - IV. The rate of relaparotomy application after performance of urgent operative interventions is bigger than after planned operations (ratio 4:1). Individual estimation of a state and choice of optimal surgical tactics during primary and secondary operative interventions are needed to improve the results of treatment. PMID:26946667

  4. [Treatment of surgical wound dehiscence by topical negative pressure therapy: Clinical case].

    PubMed

    Fresno-García, Carmen; Alconero-Camarero, Ana Rosa; Fernández-Carro, Belén

    2015-01-01

    Topical negative pressure therapy is an alternative treatment for complex wounds that consists of the direct application of sub-atmospheric pressure, obtaining a number of effects that are beneficial for tissues, promoting the healing of both acute and chronic wounds and complementing surgical procedures. We report the case of a 75 year old man diagnosed with surgical wound dehiscence after a femorotibial bypass graft, who was hospitalized again with the aim to perform the implantation of a topical negative pressure therapy in the infected wound. We designed a care plan for this patient following the steps of the scientific method and basing ourselves on the NANDA, NIC, and NOC taxonomies. PMID:26183760

  5. Patient Participation in Surgical Treatment Decision Making from the Patients' Perspective: Validation of an Instrument

    PubMed Central

    Heggland, Liv-Helen; Øgaard, Torvald; Mikkelsen, Aslaug; Hausken, Kjell

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe the development of a new, brief, easy-to-administer self-reported instrument designed to assess patient participation in decision making in surgical treatment. We describe item generation, psychometric testing, and validity of the instrument. The final scale consisted of four factors: information dissemination (5 items), formulation of options (4 items), integration of information (4 items), and control (3 items). The analysis demonstrated a reasonable level of construct validity and reliability. The instrument applies to patients in surgical wards and can be used to identify the health services that are being provided and the areas that could strengthen patient participation. PMID:22830010

  6. Use of mupirocin-chlorhexidine treatment to prevent Staphylococcus aureus surgical-site infections.

    PubMed

    Bertrand, X; Slekovec, C; Talon, D

    2010-05-01

    Evaluation of: Bode LGM, Kluytmans JAJW, Wertheim HFL et al.: Preventing surgical-site infections in nasal carriers of Staphylococcus aureus. N. Engl. J. Med. 362, 9-17 (2010). Staphylococcus aureus is the main pathogen responsible for surgical-site infections and nasal carriage is a major risk factor for subsequent infection with this bacteria. Mupirocin is considered to be the topical antibacterial agent of choice for eradication of nasal S. aureus. The paper by Bode et al. provides strong evidence that the combination of a rapid identification of a S. aureus nasal carrier, mupirocin nasal ointment and chlorhexidine gluconate soap, significantly reduces the rate of S. aureus surgical-site infection by nearly 60%. In conclusion, mupirocin nasal ointment use in S. aureus carriers before surgery has numerous advantages with few side effects. PMID:20441543

  7. Traditional Chinese surgical treatment for anal fistulae with secondary tracks and abscess

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Chen; Lu, Jin-Gen; Cao, Yong-Qing; Yao, Yi-Bo; Guo, Xiu-Tian; Yin, Hao-Qiang

    2012-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese surgical treatment for anal fistulae with secondary tracks and abscess. METHODS: Sixty patients with intersphincteric or transsphincteric anal fistulas with secondary tracks and abscess were randomly divided into study group [suture dragging combined with pad compression (SDPC)] and control group [fistulotomy (FSLT)]. In the SDPC group, the internal opening was excised and incisions at external openings were made for drainage. Silk sutures were put through every two incisions and knotted in loose state. The suture dragging process started from the first day after surgery and the pad compression process started when all sutures were removed as wound tissue became fresh and without discharge. In the FSLT group, the internal opening and all tracts were laid open and cleaned by normal saline postoperatively till all wounds healed. The time of healing, postoperative pain score (visual analogue scale), recurrence rate, patient satisfaction, incontinence evaluation and anorectal manometry before and after the treatment were examined. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding age, gender and fistulae type. The time of healing was significantly shorter (24.33 d in SDPC vs 31.57 d in FSLT, P < 0.01) and the patient satisfaction score at 1 mo postoperative follow-up was significantly higher in the SDPC group (4.07 in SDPC vs 3.37 in FSLT, P < 0.05). The mean maximal postoperative pain scores were 5.83 ± 2.5 in SDPC vs 6.37 ± 2.33 in FSLT and the recurrence rates were 3.33 in SDPC vs 0 in FSLT. None of the patients in the two groups experienced liquid and solid fecal incontinence and lifestyle alteration postoperatively. The Wexner score after treatment of intersphincter fistulae were 0.17 ± 0.41 in SDPC vs 0.40 ± 0.89 in FSLT and trans-sphincter fistulae were 0.13 ± 0.45 in SDPC vs 0.56 ± 1.35 in FSLT. The maximal squeeze pressure and resting pressure declined after

  8. Prognosis elements in surgical treatment of complicated umbilical hernia in patients with liver cirrhosis

    PubMed Central

    Banu, P; Popa, F; Constantin, VD; Bălălău, C; Nistor, M

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The surgical treatment of umbilical hernia in cirrhosis patients raises special management challenges. The attitude upon the repair of these hernias varies from expectancy or elective treatment in early stages of the disease to the surgical treatment only if complications occur. Material and Method: We have assessed 22 consecutive cases of cirrhosis patients treated for complicated umbilical hernia in the Surgical Department of “Sf. Pantelimon" Emergency Hospital in Bucharest between January 2008 and December 2012. The patients’ stratification was done in stages of liver disease based upon Child-Pugh classification. Complications that required emergency repair were the following: strangulation, incarceration and hernia rupture. The postoperative complications were ordered in five grades of severity based upon Clavien classification. Results: The severity of the complications was higher in advanced stages of liver cirrhosis, Child B and C. There were 5 deaths representing 22,7%, four of them in patients with Child C disease stage. Conclusion: The incidence of morbidity and mortality after umbilical hernia repair in emergencies increases in advanced stages of liver cirrhosis. It is advisable to prevent complications occurrence and perform surgical repair of umbilical hernia in elective condition. PMID:24155783

  9. ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS FROM ARTHROSCOPIC SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR TRAUMATIC ANTERIOR SHOULDER DISLOCATION: FIRST EPISODE

    PubMed Central

    Miyazaki, Alberto Naoki; Fregoneze, Marcelo; Santos, Pedro Doneux; da Silva, Luciana Andrade; do Val Sella, Guilherme; Botelho, Vinicius; Duarte, Clodoaldo; Checchia, Sergio Luiz

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To assess the clinical results obtained of patients who underwent arthroscopic surgical treatment following a first episode of traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation. Methods: Between August 2000 and October 2008, 14 shoulders of 14 patients were treated by the Shoulder and Elbow Group of Santa Casa Hospital, São Paulo. Thirteen patients (93%) were male and one (7%) was female; their ages ranged from 17 to 41 years, with a mean of 28 years. All of the patients evaluated were regularly practicing a sports activity (which required physical vigor of the upper limbs). The time that had elapsed between the trauma and the surgical treatment ranged from seven to 60 days, with a mean of 20 days. The surgical procedure was performed with arthroscopic viewing, with the patient positioned in lateral decubitus. Fixation of the labral-ligamentous complex was achieved using bioabsorbable anchors. The postoperative clinical assessment was made using Rowe and UCLA criteria. Joint mobility was measured according to the guidance from ASES (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons). The length of postoperative follow-up ranged from 24 to 120 months, with a mean of 45 months. Results: All the patients achieved satisfactory results, (85% excellent and 15% good), as shown by UCLA, while 100% of the results were excellent according Rowe. The “grip test” was negative for all the patients. Conclusion: Surgical treatment after a first episode of traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation seems to be a good therapeutic option for young active patients who practice sports activities. PMID:27042625

  10. [History of surgical treatment of non-specific inflammatory bowel diseases].

    PubMed

    Serclová, Zuzana

    2014-01-01

    Treatment of non-specific inflammatory bowel diseases was from the start accompanied by forced operations. In the 19th and early 20th century operations were burdened with high mortality, but most were more successful than the limited possibilities of conservative treatment. Gradually developed principles for the treatment of Crohns disease, a length of bowel sparing surgery are still valid today. Surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis passed the time of colonic irrigation, bypass surgery, limited resection to todays gold standard - proctocolectomy with ileo-pouch-anal anastomosis. PMID:25130644

  11. A comparison of outcome of medical and surgical treatment of migraine headache: In 1 year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Omranifard, Mahmood; Abdali, Hossein; Ardakani, Mehdi Rasti; Talebianfar, Mohsen

    2016-01-01

    Background: This study was designed to compare the efficacy of the medical treatment versus the surgical treatment approach to decompression of trigger point nerves in patients with migraine headaches. Materials and Methods: Fifty volunteers were randomly assigned to the medical treatment group (n = 25) or the surgical treatment group (n = 25) after examination by the team neurologist to ensure a diagnosis of migraine headache. All patients received botulinum toxin type A to confirm the trigger sites. The surgical treatment group underwent surgical deactivation of the trigger site(s). The medical treatment group underwent prophylactic pharmacologic interventions by the neurologist. Pretreatment and 12-month posttreatment migraine headache frequency, duration, and intensity were analyzed and compared to determine the success of the treatments. Results: Nineteen of the 25 patients (76%) in the surgical treatment group and 10 of the 25 patients (40%) in the medical treatment group experienced a successful outcome (at least a 50% decrease in migraine frequency, duration, or intensity) after 1 year from surgery. Surgical treatment had a significantly higher success rate than medical treatment (P < 0.001). Nine patients (36%) in the surgical treatment group and one patient (4%) in the medical treatment group experienced cessation of migraine headaches. The elimination rate was significantly higher in the surgical treatment group than in the medical treatment group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Based on the 1-year follow-up data, there is strong evidence that surgical manipulation of one or more migraine trigger sites can successfully eliminate or reduce the frequency, duration, and intensity of migraine headaches in a lasting manner. PMID:27563631

  12. Endoscopic Debridement for Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: An Innovative Surgical Technique.

    PubMed

    Cottom, James M; Maker, Jared M

    2016-01-01

    Plantar fasciitis is one the most common pathologies seen by foot and ankle surgeons. When nonoperative therapy fails, surgical intervention is warranted. Various surgical procedures are available for the treatment of recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. The most common surgical management typically consists of open versus endoscopic plantar fascia release. The documented comorbidities associated with the release of the plantar fascia include lateral column overload and metatarsalgia. We present a new technique for this painful condition that is minimally invasive, allows visualization of the plantar fascia, and maintains the integrity of this fascia. Our hypothesis was that the use of endoscopic debridement of the plantar fascia would provide a minimally invasive technique with acceptable patient outcomes. PMID:26952313

  13. LASER Treatment of Laryngeal Papillomatosis in a Young Child: Anaesthetic and Surgical Management.

    PubMed

    Shamim, Faisal; Raza, Durriya; Ikram, Mubasher

    2015-09-01

    The authors report the case of a 4-year boy who required anaesthetic and surgical care during LASER excision of laryngeal papillomatosis. He presented with hoarseness and stridor and underwent emergency tracheostomy after confirmation of laryngeal papillomas on CT scan. He required LASER treatment under general anaesthesia with a requirement of paediatric LASER-safe endotracheal tube but unfortunately, this was not available in the country. Balanced anaesthesia technique using inhalational anaesthetic, muscle relaxant and narcotic is used with modifications. After three successful surgical sessions, the airway became patent and tracheostomy was de-cannulated. The perioperative issues surrounding this process are discussed including anaesthetic induction in the patient with a compromised airway, maintenance anaesthetic techniques, methods used for ventilation during LASER surgery of the upper airway, surgical implications and hazards of LASER to the operating room personnel. PMID:26374370

  14. Surgical treatment of scoliosis in Smith-Magenis syndrome: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Smith-Magenis syndrome is a rare genetic condition associated with scoliosis in approximately 30% of cases. There is limited information in the literature on the treatment of scoliosis and the surgical outcome in patients with this condition. Characteristic features of the syndrome, such as the presence of congenital heart and renal disease, inherent immunodeficiency, as well as severe behavioural disorders may complicate the surgical treatment of patients. Case presentation We present the case of an 11-year-old British Caucasian girl with Smith-Magenis syndrome who developed a severe, progressive thoracic and lumbar scoliosis measuring 85° and 80°, respectively. She had no cardiac or renal anomalies. Brace treatment was unsuccessful to prevent deterioration of the scoliosis. Both curves were rigid on supine maximum side-bending and traction radiographs. Our patient underwent a posterior spinal arthrodesis with pedicle screw/hook and rod instrumentation and autologous iliac crest graft, supplemented by allograft bone. She had an uneventful postoperative course other than the development of a small wound dehiscence which required resuturing with no signs of a wound infection. A good correction of both scoliotic curvatures to 45° and 40° and a balanced spine in both the coronal and sagittal planes was achieved. Follow-up to skeletal maturity (4 years post-surgery) showed no loss of deformity correction, no detected pseudarthrosis and a good clinical outcome. Conclusion Patients with Smith-Magenis syndrome can develop a severe scoliosis that may require surgical treatment. Congenital cardiac and renal disease, immunodeficiency and severe behavioural problems can affect the surgical outcome following spinal arthrodesis and need to be taken into consideration. Our case demonstrates that surgical correction of the deformity can be performed safely on this group of patients, with a good outcome and an uncomplicated postoperative course. PMID:20181043

  15. Combined ipsilateral neck and axillary lymphadenectomy for metastatic skin cancers: a case series and surgical tips.

    PubMed

    Goodenough, J; Martin, H; Shaaban, H

    2013-08-01

    In the absence of distant disease simultaneous skin cancer metastasis to neck and axillary lymph nodes necessitates both an axillary and neck en block lymphadenectomy. A combined ipsilateral neck and axillary lymph node dissection should involve an in-continuity dissection through the cervicoaxillary canal for optimal lymphatic and oncological clearance. Review of the literature reveals little published instruction on the procedure since the radical surgery performed by Bowden over 50 years ago. We present 4 cases where ipsilateral axillary and neck lymph node dissections were performed for metastatic melanoma and a case of apical axillary node dissection via a neck incision approach. Our surgical tips include performing apical axillary node dissection via the neck incision and consideration of clavicular osteotomy or clavicular excision. A transclavicular approach was taken in one patient who had an excellent functional outcome after a plate and screw fixation. One elderly patient required a middle third claviculectomy which reduced shoulder elevation but was not associated with functional impairment. We conclude the surgery is safe and associated with the usual morbidity ascribed with either an axillary or neck dissection undertaken in isolation. However, patients have a significant risk of disease relapse as would be expected due to the duel metastatic sites, multiple lymph node and neck involvement which are known to be independent poor prognostic factors on melanoma survival and relapse. PMID:23664381

  16. [Surgical treatment of atlanto-axial dislocation in a patient of athetoid cerebral palsy].

    PubMed

    Hojo, M; Nakahara, I; Tanaka, M; Oda, Y; Kikuchi, H

    1994-09-01

    The authors report a case of successful surgical treatment of atlanto-axial dislocation (AAD) secondary to athetoid cerebral palsy. A 61-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital in July 1993 complaining of progressive weakness in the right upper extremity and gait disturbance. She had been suffering from athetoid movements of her face, neck and arms due to cerebral palsy. Neurological examinations on admission revealed down-beat nystagmus on downward gazing, motor weakness of extremities, pallhypesthesia, hyperreflexia exaggerated in the right side and bilateral positive pathological reflexes. Lateral tomogram of the upper cervical spine demonstrated instability of the atlanto-axial joint, increased atlanto-dental interval (ADI) by 5.5 mm (in flexion), and narrowed canal at C1 level. Myelogram showed narrowed dural sac and angulation of the spinal cord at C1 level. A halo vest was applied two days before operation for reduction of the atlanto-axial junction and external fixation. She underwent posterior internal fixation using a Hartshill Ransford Loop combined with posterior decompression. This loop was secured to the occiput, C1, C2 and C3 by sublaminar wiring, and foramen magnum decompression and laminectomy of C1 were performed. Postoperative course was uneventful. Postoperative plain X-ray film, tomogram and computed tomography demonstrated good fixation (ADI was 2.5 mm) and excellent stability. There has been no problem during 6 months since the operation. It is known that involuntary movements in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy sometimes cause cervical spondylosis (especially at C3/4 and C4/5 level). Recently, AAD due to athetoid cerebral palsy has been reported. Almost every case of AAD secondary to athetoid cerebral palsy is combined with incompetence of the odontoid process.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8090275

  17. Validation of an Objective Assessment Instrument for Non-Surgical Treatments of Chest Wall Deformities.

    PubMed

    Obeid, Mohammad F; Kidane, Nahom; Rechowicz, Krzysztof J; Chemlal, Salim; Kelly, Robert E; Mckenzie, Frederic D

    2016-01-01

    Depending on the severity of the condition and associated risk, surgical intervention may not always be the first choice. This is true for treating chest wall deformities such as pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum. For both conditions, novel non-surgical treatments have been developed to gradually alleviate the malformation making use of the elastic nature of the costal cartilages at an early age of the patient. To quantify the performance of such treatments, this paper introduces and discusses the development of a software-based instrument that utilizes 3D chest optical images (surface scans) as input and uses registration techniques to produce an objective gauge of a patient's physical improvement after undergoing treatments. Further discussed is an experiment designed to investigate the construct validity of the developed instrument. PMID:27046591

  18. Retrospective comparison of costs between medical and surgical treatment of canine pyothorax

    PubMed Central

    Bach, Jonathan F.; Balakrishnan, Anusha

    2015-01-01

    This study compared costs of treating dogs with pyothorax medically versus surgically. Medical records from the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine were searched for cases of pyothorax that underwent either medical or surgical treatment. Patients undergoing surgery were subdivided into early (ES; < 48 h) and late (LS; > 48 h) surgery groups. Costs and length of stay were compared between treatment groups. Treatment costs were adjusted for inflation. Nineteen dogs were included in analysis; 7 in the medical group (MG), 5 in the ES group, and 7 in the LS group. Total costs were significantly lower in the MG than in the LS group. Total costs were less for the MG than the ES group, and for ES than LS, but the differences did not achieve significance. Preoperative costs were higher in the LS than the ES group. We conclude that surgery for canine pyothorax is less costly if pursued earlier than later. PMID:26538667

  19. [Surgical treatment of mandibular fractures in its portions of the body and angle].

    PubMed

    Kopchak, A V

    2013-11-01

    The data about surgical treatment efficacy for mandibular fractures in portions of the body and the angle, depending on the trauma character and the method of osteosynthesis applied, were adduced. The main criteria, according to which the surgical interventions efficacy was estimated, were: the reposition accuracy, stability of the fragments fixation invasiveness, and the operation duration, The results of treatment of biomechanically-favorable linear fractures, occurring perpendilular to the mandibular axis, are trustworthy better (P < 0.05) than such of biomechanically-unfavorable oblique, fragmental fractures with the bone defects. Effective treatment of a biomechanically-favorable fractures is possible to guarantee using installation of one miniplate on the site of external oblique line. In biomechanically-unfavorable fractures the necessity have appeared to increase the fixing plates quantity, their rigidity raising or the functional restrictions introduction postoperatively. PMID:24501993

  20. [Capsular ligament lesions of the knee joint. Conservative and surgical treatment].

    PubMed

    Gradinger, R; Haller, W; Rodammer, G; Rechl, H

    1989-02-28

    On the basis of our experience with more than 600 reconstructed capsular ligament injuries of the knee joint, we conclude that conservative functional treatment should be preserved for patients with capsular ligament lesions with no loss of stability. On an individual basis, it must be decided whether, in the event of a more or less large degree of instability presenting, conservative mobilising treatment (patients older than 45 years), or surgical reconstructive treatment should be provided. Surgical procedures aim at achieving anatomical reconstruction, which is only approximately possible with secondary reconstruction in the presence of chronic instability. For the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament, the use of the semitendinosus tendon for reinforcement with possible reattachment of the cruciate ligament can be recommended. Otherwise, the free patellar ligament transplant, as far as possible with additional synovialisation--which permits better revitalisation of the ligament--should be employed. PMID:2703203

  1. [SURGICAL TREATMENT OUTCOME IN PATIENTS WITH COLORECTAL CANCER AND CONCOMITANT LIVER METASTASES].

    PubMed

    Shchepotin, S B; Kolesnik, O O; Burlaka, A A; Lukashenko, A V; Pryimak, V V

    2015-04-01

    Colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastasis (sm-CRC) is extremely unfavorable prognostic factor. Surgery remains is most effective method, able to extend the life of these patients. The results of treatment of 126 patients with sm-CRC were analyzed, whom performed simultaneous (group I) or staged (group II) surgery. Simultaneous resection of 3 segments of liver or less with metastases and primary tumor is a safe surgical strategy (complicatios level was 4.8%); simultaneous resection of 3 segments of liver or more increase the complicatios level to 20.9%. Simultaneous resection ensure reduction of hospital stay terms in 58.1% and duration of surgery in 71.3% (p < 0.001). The average cost of treatment patient treating with staged strategy exceeded in simultaneous surgical treatment in 40.9%. PMID:26263637

  2. Quality analysis of patient information on surgical treatment of haemorrhoids on the internet

    PubMed Central

    D’Souza, ND

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Haemorrhoids are the most common benign condition seen by colorectal surgeons. At clinic appointments, advice given about lifestyle modification or surgical interventions may not be understood fully by patients. Patients may use the internet for further research into their condition. However, the quality of such information has not been investigated before. This study assessed the quality of patient information on surgical treatment of haemorrhoids on the internet. Methods Four searches were carried out using the search terms ‘surgery for haemorrhoids’ and ‘surgery for piles’ on two search engines (Google and Yahoo). The first 50 results for each search were assessed. Sites were evaluated using the DISCERN instrument. Results In total, 200 websites were assessed, of which 144 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of these, 63 (44%) were sponsored by herbal remedies for haemorrhoids. Eighty-nine (62%) mentioned conservative treatment options but eleven (8%) did not include surgery in their treatment options. Only 38 sites (27%) mentioned recurrence of haemorrhoids following surgery and 28 sites (20%) did not list any complications. Overall, 19 websites (14%) were judged as being of high quality, 66 (45%) as moderate quality and 58 (40%) as low quality. Conclusions The quality of information on the internet is highly variable and a significant proportion of websites assessed are poor. The majority of websites are sponsored by private companies selling alternative treatments for haemorrhoids. Clinicians should be prepared to advise their patients which websites can provide high-quality information on the surgical treatment of haemorrhoids. PMID:23838496

  3. Treatment shaft for combined sewer overflow detention.

    PubMed

    Wright, Steven J; Ghalib, Saad; Eloubaidy, Aziz

    2010-05-01

    A deep, large-diameter underground shaft to provide detention storage for combined sewer overflow control may be advantageous in urban environments, where space limitations require solutions with a small footprint. An underflow baffle wall is provided at the center of the treatment shaft to prevent short-circuiting of the flow. An additional objective is to maintain low headlosses through the structure. A physical model study was conducted to determine the effect of the bottom elevation of the baffle wall on the headloss and breakthrough curve for dye injected to the inflow. It was found that there is a considerable range of elevations for which the structure behaves acceptably in providing adequate contact time for disinfectant while maintaining small headlosses. PMID:20480764

  4. Posterior tibial plateau fracture: a new treatment-oriented classification and surgical management

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Hong-Wei; Chen, Chang-Qing; Yi, Xian-Hong

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To establish a classification system for the different types of posterior tibial plateau fractures (PTPF), and to explore the fracture patterns and early results of treatment. Methods: 39 PTPFs patients who received surgeries through posteromedial or (and) posterolateral knee approaches were analyzed retrospectively. Results: There were 5 types of PTPFs identified in the new classification system: posteromedial split fracture (type I, 7 patients), posterolateral split fracture (type II, 5 patients), posterolateral depression fracture (type III, 11 patients), posterolateral split and depression fracture (type IV, 2 patients), and posteromedial split combined with posterolateral depression fracture (type V, 14 patients). All patients underwent surgeries safely without complications. The average follow up was 18.1 months (12-30 months). The average weight-bearing durations were 15.6 weeks (12-20 weeks). Based on Rasmussen functional scoring system, 20 cases were regarded as excellent, 14 were good, 5 were fair, and 0 was poor. There was significant change in the Rasmussen functional score before (8.38 ± 2.87) and after surgery (24.20 ± 3.44). According to Rasmussen radiology system, 28 cases were excellent, 8 cases were good, 3 were fair, and none was poor. There was also a significant difference detected between pre-operation (6.77 ± 2.27) and post-operation (16.41 ± 2.65). Conclusion: This study presents a new classification system for the different types of PTPFs based on the treatment. The classification is clinically relevant and can be used to guide the surgical management. PMID:25785019

  5. Tension plate for treatment of olecranon fractures: new surgical technique and case series study

    PubMed Central

    Lukšic, Bruno; Juric, Ivo; Boschi, Vladimir; Pogorelic, Zenon; Bekavac, Josip

    2015-01-01

    Background Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of a new surgical technique for olecranon fractures using a tension plate (TP) designed by the operating surgeon. Methods We included patients with olecranon fractures treated between September 2010 and August 2013 in our study. Treatment involved a new implant and operative technique, which combined the most favourable characteristics of 2 frequently used methods, tension band wiring and plate osteosynthesis, while eliminating their shortcomings. The new method was based on the newly constructed implant. Results Twenty patients participated in our study. We obtained the following functional results with our TP: median flexion 147.5° (interquartile range [IQR] 130°–155°), median extension 135°/deficit 10° (IQR 135°–145°), median pronation 90° (IQR 81.3°–90°), median supination 90° (IQR 80°–90°). Implant-related complications were noted in 1 patient, and implants were removed in 3 patients. The mean functional Mayo elbow performance score was 94.8 (range 65–100). The removal of the implant was considerably less frequent in patients operated using the new method and implant than in patients operated using conventional methods at our institution (p < 0.001). Mean duration of follow-up was 8 months. Conclusion Our TP for the treatment of olecranon fractures is safe and effective. Functional results are very good, with significantly decreased postoperative inconveniences and need to remove the implant. Less osteosynthetic material was used for TP construction, but stability was preserved. PMID:25427338

  6. Combined treatment in carcinoma of the nasopharynx

    SciTech Connect

    Souhami, L.; Rabinowits, M.

    1988-08-01

    From October 1982 to August 1984, 30 previously untreated patients with biopsy-proven carcinoma of the nasopharynx, stage III (26.5%) and stage IV (73.5%), received combined radiotherapy (6,000 to 7,000 cGy over a period of 7 to 7.5 weeks) and chemotherapy (mitomycin-C 10 mg/M2, IV; 5-fluorouracil 750 mg/M2, IV; and methotrexate 30 mg/M2, IV) concomitantly. There were 20 males and 10 females, with a median age of 40 years. Minimal follow-up duration was 24 months. Actuarial overall survival rate at 48 months was 49%. Complete local response was achieved in 75% of the patients, with 31% of the cases failing distantly. The complication rate was high and included severe mucositis, xerostomia, and septicemia (fatal in two cases). Despite high local disease control, survival rate did not increase. A randomized trial is urgently needed to establish whether or not combined treatment is of value in advanced carcinoma of the nasopharynx.

  7. Surgical approaches for the management of idiopathic thoracic scoliosis and the indications for combined anterior-posterior technique.

    PubMed

    Rauzzino, M J; Shaffrey, C I; Wagner, J; Nockels, R; Abel, M

    1999-05-15

    The indications for surgical intervention in patients with idiopathic scoliosis have been well defined. The goals of surgery are to achieve fusion and arrest progressive curvature while restoring normal coronal and sagittal balance. As first introduced by Harrington, posterior fusion, the gold standard of treatment, has a proven record of success. More recently, anterior techniques for performing fusion procedures via either a thoracotomy or a retroperitoneal approach have been popularized in attempts to achieve better correction of curvature, preserve motion segments, and avoid some of the complications of posterior fusion such as the development of the flat-back syndrome. Anterior instrumentation alone, although effective, can be kyphogenic and has been shown to be associated with complications such as pseudarthrosis and instrumentation failure. Performing a combined approach in patients with scoliosis and other deformities has become an increasingly popular procedure to achieve superior correction of deformity and to minimize later complications. Indications for a combined approach (usually consisting of anterior release, arthrodesis with or without use of instrumentation, and posterior segmental fusion) include: prevention of crankshaft phenomenon in juvenile or skeletally immature adolescents; correction of large curves (75 degrees ) or excessively rigid curves in skeletally mature or immature patients; correction of curves with large sagittal-plane deformities such as thoracic kyphosis (> 90 degrees ) or thoracic lordosis (> 20 degrees ); and correction of thoracolumbar curves that need to be fused to the sacrum. Surgery may be performed either in a staged proceedure or, more commonly, in a single sitting. The authors discuss techniques for combined surgery and complication avoidance. PMID:17031912

  8. Surgical diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism: analysis of 19 cases

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Bo; Jiang, Yan; Zhang, Shu; Guo, Lingji; Tian, Wuguo; Wen, Yayuan; He, Yujun; Luo, Donglin

    2015-01-01

    This study was to discuss the surgical diagnosis and treatment experience of primary hyperparathyroidism. Clinical data of 19 primary hyperparathyroidism patients who were treated surgically in our department from Jan. 2005 to Jul. 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Besides, general data, clinical manifestations, laboratory and imaging test results, surgical procedures and postoperative follow-up information were comprehensively analyzed. 15 of 19 patients had adenoma, among whom 1 case was complicated with goiter, 3 cases with parathyroid hyperplasia, and 1 case with parathyroid carcinoma. One case of bilateral parathyroid adenoma was explored bilaterally, and the bilateral parathyroid adenoma was excised. 14 cases of unilateral parathyroid adenoma were explored unilaterally and the unilateral parathyroid adenoma was excised. 3 cases of parathyroid hyperplasia were explored bilaterally, and parathyroid glands were removed subtotally, and only half gland was reserved. 1 case of parathyroid carcinoma experienced excision of thyroid gland and parathyroid at the affected side and isthmus excision, subtotal excision of thyroid gland at the healthy side and functional cervical lymphonode dissection at the affected side. All the 19 cases recovered well after operation, and symptoms of hyperparathyroidism were controlled. No relapse was found after follow-up of 3 months to 5 years. In conclusion, local parathyroid excision with small wounds after pre-operative locative image test and qualitative laboratory test is effective. Timely surgical treatment could reduce joint and urinary damage. Post-operative follow-up should be emphasized for early detection of the patients with hypoparathyroidism and recurrence. PMID:26309616

  9. RESULTS FROM CLINICAL AND RADIOLOGICAL FOLLOW-UP, AFTER SURGICAL TREATMENT OF CHONDROBLASTOMA

    PubMed Central

    Penna, Valter; Toller, Eduardo Areas; Ferreira, Adriano Jander; Dias, Dante Palloni Costa

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the long-term clinical and radiological results from patients who underwent surgical treatment of chondroblastoma, between 2003 and 2009, by the same surgical team, using the same operative technique. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 12 patients with histological diagnoses of chondroblastoma, who were attended between 2003 and 2009 at the Pius XII Foundation (Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, State of São Paulo). These patients underwent surgical treatment with intralesional resection of the tumor, adjuvant electrocauterization and replacement with methyl methacrylate (11 cases) or an autologous graft from the iliac crest (one case). The preoperative evaluation included physical examination, plain radiographs of the site, magnetic resonance imaging, computed axial tomography and bone scintigraphy. The patients were assessed clinically and radiologically according to a predefined protocol, with a series of plain radiographs, and a functional assessment in accordance with the Enneking functional score. Results: The average age at the time of diagnosis was 14 years and 4 months. The most frequent location affected was the distal femoral epiphysis (75%), followed by the proximal tibial epiphysis (16.6%) and the calcaneus (8.4%). There was higher prevalence among the female patients than among the male patients (3:1). In three cases, preoperative biopsy was necessary. During the follow-up, there was no evidence of local tumor recurrence, and all the patients presented an excellent functional result from the surgical technique used, with Enneking scores ranging from 20 to 30. Conclusion: Surgical treatment of chondroblastoma, using intralesional resection, adjuvant electrocauterization and replacement with methyl methacrylate or bone graft produced good results. PMID:27027054

  10. Surgical Treatment of Pyogenic Spondylitis with the Use of Freeze-Dried Structural Allograft

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Seung-Soo; Yoon, Jong-Won; Park, Hyun; Lee, Chul-Hee; Hwang, Soo-Hyun

    2014-01-01

    Objective Radical debridement and reconstruction is necessary for surgical treatment of pyogenic spondylitis to control infection and to provide segmental stability. The authors identified 25 patients who underwent surgery for pyogenic spondylitis using freeze-dried structural allograft for reconstruction. This study aimed to evaluate and demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of a freeze-dried structural allograft during the surgical treatment of pyogenic spondylitis. Methods From January 2011 to May 2013, we retrospectively reviewed 25 surgically treated patients of pyogenic spondylitis. Surgical techniques used were anterior radical debridement and reconstruction with a freeze-dried structural allograft and instrumentation. In these 25 patients, we retrospectively examined whether the symptoms had improved and the infection was controlled after surgery by evaluating laboratory data, clinical and radiological outcomes. The average follow-up period was 15.7 months (range, 12.2-37.5 months). Results The infection resolved in all of the patients and there were no cases of recurrent infection. The mean Visual Analog Scale score was 6.92 (range, 5-10) before surgery and 1.90 (range, 0-5) at the time of the last follow-up. Preoperatively, lower extremity motor deficits related to spinal infection were noted in 10 patients, and they improved in 7 patients after surgery. Follow-up computed tomographic scans were obtained from 10 patients, and osseous union between the vertebral body and the structural allograft was achieved in 2 patients. Conclusion The freeze-dried structural allograft can be a safe and effective alternative for surgical treatment of pyogenic spondylitis, and another option for vertebral reconstruction instead of using the other materials. PMID:25346759

  11. Surgical treatment of peripheral ulcerative keratitis and necrotizing scleritis in granulomatosis with polyangiitis

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Cheng-Wei; Zhou, Dan-Dan; Wang, Jiao; Hao, Ji-Long

    2016-01-01

    The efficacy of surgical management of refractory ophthalmic complications of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), which is a sight threatening was reported. A 70-year-old man presented with a progressively worsening pain and redness in his right eye during the previous 6 months, and decreasing visual acuity that started one month earlier. He was misdiagnosed and treated as keratitis elsewhere, but the pain has not decreased. The diagnosis of necrotizing scleritis with peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) in GPA was made in our department. Surgery was performed with necrotic tissue removal, combined with cryotherapy and a conjunctival flap covering surgery. The symptom was relieved after surgery, and the patient’s ocular condition remained stable thereafter. This case first demonstrates limited ophthalmic GPA (such as, PUK and necrotizing scleritis) that was not sensitive or aggravated for traditional methods can be successfully treated by combined surgical interventions. PMID:26837405

  12. Myocardial Viability and Impact of Surgical Ventricular Reconstruction on Outcomes of Patients with Severe Left Ventricular Dysfunction Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: Results of the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) Trial

    PubMed Central

    Holly, Thomas A.; Bonow, Robert O.; Arnold, J. Malcolm O.; Oh, Jae K.; Varadarajan, Padmini; Pohost, Gerald M.; Haddad, Haissam; Jones, Robert H.; Velazquez, Eric J.; Birkenfeld, Bozena; Asch, Federico M.; Malinowski, Marcin; Barretto, Rodrigo; Kalil, Renato A.K.; Berman, Daniel S.; Sun, Jie-Lena; Lee, Kerry L.; Panza, Julio A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective In the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) trial, surgical ventricular reconstruction plus coronary artery bypass surgery was not associated with a reduction in the rate of death or cardiac hospitalization compared to bypass alone. We hypothesized that the absence of viable myocardium identifies patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction who have a greater benefit with coronary artery bypass graft surgery and surgical ventricular reconstruction compared to bypass alone. Methods Myocardial viability was assessed by single photon computed tomography in 267 of the 1,000 patients randomized to bypass or bypass plus surgical ventricular reconstruction in STICH. Myocardial viability was assessed on a per patient basis as well as regionally based on pre-specified criteria. Results At 3 years, there was no difference in mortality or the combined outcome of death or cardiac hospitalization between those with and those without viability, and there was no significant interaction between the type of surgery and global viability status with respect to mortality or death plus cardiac hospitalization. Furthermore, there was no difference in mortality or death plus cardiac hospitalization between those with and without anterior wall or apical scar, and no significant interaction between the presence of scar in these regions and the type of surgery with respect to mortality. Conclusion In patients with coronary artery disease and severe regional left ventricular dysfunction, assessment of myocardial viability does not identify patients who will derive a mortality benefit from adding surgical ventricular reconstruction to coronary artery bypass graft surgery. PMID:25152476

  13. [POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH EXTENSIVE MALIGNANT CHEST WALL NEOPLASMS].

    PubMed

    Larin, I A; Tarasov, V A; Khubulava, G G; Gavrilov, E K

    2015-01-01

    The authors consider possibilities for the surgical treatment of patients with extensive malignant chest wall neoplasms. It is argued that combinedsugical interventions and resection of the affected parts of the chest wall together with the tumour and the use of plastic procedures allow to arrest further development of severe complications in the majority of patients and create conditions for the continuation of the anti-tumour treatment. Plastic and reconstructive surgery permits to extend operability limits and thereby improve the quality of the treatment and increase life expectancy of the patients with extensive tumorigenic process. PMID:26596058

  14. Endoscopic versus surgical treatment of ampullary adenomas: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Mendonça, Ernesto Quaresma; Bernardo, Wanderley Marques; de Moura, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux; Chaves, Dalton Marques; Kondo, André; Pu, Leonardo Zorrón Cheng Tao; Baracat, Felipe Iankelevich

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to address the outcomes of endoscopic resection compared with surgery in the treatment of ampullary adenomas. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. For this purpose, the Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Scopus and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were scanned. Studies included patients with ampullary adenomas and data considering endoscopic treatment compared with surgery. The entire analysis was based on a fixed-effects model. Five retrospective cohort studies were selected (466 patients). All five studies (466 patients) had complete primary resection data available and showed a difference that favored surgical treatment (risk difference [RD] = -0.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.44 to -0.04). Primary success data were identified in all five studies as well. Analysis showed that the surgical approach outperformed endoscopic treatment for this outcome (RD = -0.37, 95% CI = -0.50 to -0.24). Recurrence data were found in all studies (466 patients), with a benefit indicated for surgical treatment (RD = 0.10, 95% CI = -0.01 to 0.19). Three studies (252 patients) presented complication data, but analysis showed no difference between the approaches for this parameter (RD = -0.15, 95% CI = -0.53 to 0.23). Considering complete primary resection, primary success and recurrence outcomes, the surgical approach achieves significantly better results. Regarding complication data, this systematic review concludes that rates are not significantly different. PMID:26872081

  15. Endoscopic versus surgical treatment of ampullary adenomas: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Mendonça, Ernesto Quaresma; Bernardo, Wanderley Marques; Moura, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de; Chaves, Dalton Marques; Kondo, André; Pu, Leonardo Zorrón Cheng Tao; Baracat, Felipe Iankelevich

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to address the outcomes of endoscopic resection compared with surgery in the treatment of ampullary adenomas. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. For this purpose, the Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Scopus and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were scanned. Studies included patients with ampullary adenomas and data considering endoscopic treatment compared with surgery. The entire analysis was based on a fixed-effects model. Five retrospective cohort studies were selected (466 patients). All five studies (466 patients) had complete primary resection data available and showed a difference that favored surgical treatment (risk difference [RD] = -0.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.44 to -0.04). Primary success data were identified in all five studies as well. Analysis showed that the surgical approach outperformed endoscopic treatment for this outcome (RD = -0.37, 95% CI = -0.50 to -0.24). Recurrence data were found in all studies (466 patients), with a benefit indicated for surgical treatment (RD = 0.10, 95% CI = -0.01 to 0.19). Three studies (252 patients) presented complication data, but analysis showed no difference between the approaches for this parameter (RD = -0.15, 95% CI = -0.53 to 0.23). Considering complete primary resection, primary success and recurrence outcomes, the surgical approach achieves significantly better results. Regarding complication data, this systematic review concludes that rates are not significantly different. PMID:26872081

  16. Surgical treatment of synchronous multiple primary lung cancers: a retrospective analysis of 122 patients

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Ming; He, Wenxin; Yang, Jie

    2016-01-01

    Background Synchronous multiple primary lung cancers (SMPLC) become more common in clinical practice. To identify factors attributed to SMPLC treatment outcomes, we have reviewed our experiences with surgical resections of SMPLC and analyzed the treatment outcomes in this paper. Methods We retrospectively analyzed clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients who have been diagnosed as SMPLC and underwent surgical resection between 1990 and 2010. Based on EGFR and KRAS mutations, we identified 27 cases as SMPLC out of 50 cases, which were difficult to distinguish primary lung cancers from metastases. A total of 265 tumors from 122 patients were studied. Results The 5-year survival rate for all patients was 40.5%. There was a significant difference in the 5-year survival between smokers and never-smokers (30.8% vs. 55.6%, P=0.011). Survival rate was also different between patients with same tumor histology and those with different tumor histology (46.9% vs. 24.8%, P=0.036). In addition, Solid nodule and pneumonectomy were associated with the worse survival (P=0.026, P=0.030). Multivariable analysis identified smoking status, stage, lymph node metastasis and pneumonectomy as significant independent predictive factors for overall survival. Conclusions Surgical treatment is a safe approach for patients with SMPLC; pneumonectomy should be avoided as far as possible given the poor prognosis. Mutational status of EGFR and KRAS may be advocated as a diagnostic criteria of synchronous lung cancer rather metastasis mainly in case of adenocarcinoma histology.

  17. Surgical treatment of infective endocarditis with special reference to prosthetic valve endocarditis.

    PubMed Central

    Westaby, S; Oakley, C; Sapsford, R N; Bentall, H H

    1983-01-01

    Patients with native valve endocarditis treated surgically between 1968 and 1978 (n = 15) and all patients presenting with prosthetic valve endocarditis during this period (n = 21) were followed up for at least four years. Five of the patients with native valve endocarditis required urgent early surgical intervention, of whom two died. The remaining 10 underwent valve replacement after a course of antibiotic treatment: all survived, though one required further valve replacement. The 21 patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis suffered 25 attacks. Nine were cured by medical treatment alone; two died before surgical intervention was possible; 11 required valve replacement, of whom three died; and two required valve replacement after a course of antibiotic treatment. The incidence of early prosthetic valve endocarditis--that occurring within two months of operation--was 0.67%, but that of late prosthetic valve endocarditis could not be determined. Medical treatment when started early should cure endocarditis in most patients, but vigilance should be maintained for the appearance of indications for surgery. When such indications exist surgery should not be delayed. PMID:6409290

  18. [Surgical pelviscopy in treatment of extrauterine pregnancy following in vitro fertilization and spontaneous conception].

    PubMed

    Fiedler, K; Krüsmann, G; Würfel, W

    1991-08-01

    We report on our experience with surgical pelviscopy in the treatment of ectopic pregnancies after in-vitro fertilisation and, in comparison, during spontaneous cycles and during cycles with ovarian hyperstimulations and IUI. From 1.1. 1988 to 31.12.1990, 54 patients underwent this operation, 25 of these having undergone the IVF programme. All IVF patients had an extensive history of tubal sterility. Therefore, we found difficult anatomic conditions during the operation in most cases. Furthermore, the special conditions of the IVF treatment itself (e.g., multiple transfer of embryos into the uterus) caused a higher incidence of complicated situations (one triple ectopic, three ovarian ectopic pregnancies and one simultaneous pregnancy). Firstly, our experience leads to the conclusion, that surgical pelviscopy can be used for management of more complicate problems and can be regarded, so far, as an alternative to laparotomy. Secondly, laparotomy should not be replaced by pelviscopy in difficult situations (e.g., ovarian ectopics pregnancies). Surgical pelviscopy reduces the trauma of treatment, a consideration, which is very important especially for IVF patients. Because of the extraordinary problems related to ectopic pregnancies after IVF, we are at present sceptical about the use of other methods (e.g., instillation of prostaglandins or methotrexate) for these patients. Subsequently, 19 patients in the IVF group conceived with an intrauterine pregnancy after repeated IVF treatment. In the second group, 8 spontaneous intrauterine conceptions have occurred since. PMID:1834513

  19. Surgical versus conservative treatment following acute rupture of the Achilles tendon: is there a pedobarographic difference?

    PubMed Central

    Karaaslan, Fatih; Mermerkaya, Musa Uğur; Çıraklı, Alper; Karaoğlu, Sinan; Duygulu, Fuat

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Controversy remains regarding the optimal treatment method and postoperative rehabilitation of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. In this study, pedobarographic assessments of surgical and conservative treatments were compared. Material and methods A prospective assessment was made of 16 patients (eight surgical, eight conservative) and eight healthy controls using a plantar pressure measurement system. Biomechanical gait parameters were obtained using the Footscan dynamic gait analysis system. Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney U-tests were used for the evaluation of data. Results Nineteen males and five females were assessed, with an average age of 42.0±11.9 years. Follow-up was completed in 16 patients. No statistically significant difference was determined between the two treatment groups with regard to the gait analysis, but a difference was observed with the control group (P<0.001). All patients were able to resume their prior activities after 6 months and regained normal ranges of motion, with a high rate of satisfaction. Most of the patients (75%) were able to return to their pre-injury level of activities. Conclusion Satisfactory results were obtained through conservative treatment of acute ruptures of the Achilles tendon. No significant differences or complications were observed in the group managed conservatively versus the group treated surgically. Further studies including 3D gait analyses and tendon biomechanical research are required to further investigate this issue. PMID:27621640

  20. A review of current surgical practice in the operative treatment of proximal humeral fractures

    PubMed Central

    Jones, L. D.; Palmer, A. J. R.; Macnair, R. D.; Brewer, P. E.; Jayadev, C.; Wheelton, A. N.; Ball, D. E. J.; Nandra, R. S.; Aujla, R. S.; Sykes, A. E.; Carr, A. J.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The PROximal Fracture of the Humerus: Evaluation by Randomisation (PROFHER) trial has recently demonstrated that surgery is non-superior to non-operative treatment in the management of displaced proximal humeral fractures. The objective of this study was to assess current surgical practice in the context of the PROFHER trial in terms of patient demographics, injury characteristics and the nature of the surgical treatment. Methods A total of ten consecutive patients undergoing surgery for the treatment of a proximal humeral fracture from each of 11 United Kingdom hospitals were retrospectively identified over a 15 month period between January 2014 and March 2015. Data gathered for the 110 patients included patient demographics, injury characteristics, mode of surgical fixation, the grade of operating surgeon and the cost of the surgical implants. Results A majority of the patients were female (66%, 73 of 110). The mean patient age was 62 years (range 18 to 89). A majority of patients met the inclusion criteria for the PROFHER trial (75%, 83 of 110). Plate fixation was the most common mode of surgery (68%, 75 patients), followed by intramedullary fixation (12%, 13 patients), reverse shoulder arthroplasty (10%, 11 patients) and hemiarthroplasty (7%, eight patients). The consultant was either the primary operating surgeon or supervising the operating surgeon in a large majority of cases (91%, 100 patients). Implant costs for plate fixation were significantly less than both hemiarthroplasty (p < 0.05) and reverse shoulder arthroplasty (p < 0.0001). Implant costs for intramedullary fixation were significantly less than plate fixation (p < 0.01), hemiarthroplasty (p < 0.0001) and reverse shoulder arthroplasty (p < 0.0001). Conclusions Our study has shown that the majority of a representative sample of patients currently undergoing surgical treatment for a proximal humeral fracture in these United Kingdom centres met the inclusion criteria for the PROFHER trial

  1. Maxillofacial Fractures: Midface and Internal Orbit-Part II: Principles and Surgical Treatment.

    PubMed

    Mast, Gerson; Ehrenfeld, Michael; Cornelius, Carl-Peter; Tasman, Abel-Jan; Litschel, Ralph

    2015-08-01

    Current clinical assessment and imaging techniques were described in part 1, and this article presents a systematic review of the surgical treatment principles in the management of midface and internal orbit fractures from initial care to definitive treatment, including illustrative case examples. New developments enabled limited surgical approaches by standardization of osteosynthesis principles regarding three-dimensional buttress reconstruction, by newly developed individualized implants such as titanium meshes and, especially for complex fracture patterns, by critical assessment of anatomical reconstruction through intraoperative endoscopy, as well as intra- and postoperative imaging. Resorbable soft tissue anchors can be used both for ligament and soft tissue resuspension to reduce ptosis effects in the cheeks and nasolabial area and to achieve facial aesthetics similar to those prior to the injury. PMID:26372710

  2. Surgical treatment for epilepsy: the potential gap between evidence and practice.

    PubMed

    Jetté, Nathalie; Sander, Josemir W; Keezer, Mark R

    2016-08-01

    Findings from randomised controlled trials, along with more than 100 case series and observational studies, support the efficacy and safety of resective surgery and, more recently, non-resective surgical interventions for the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy in appropriately selected individuals. There is an argument that epilepsy surgery remains underused, but the evidence to support this assertion is at times unclear. Results from longitudinal studies show a stagnant or declining rate of epilepsy surgery over time, despite the evidence and guidelines supporting its use. Some suggest that this stagnation is due to a decreasing pool of eligible surgical candidates, whereas others emphasise the numerous barriers to epilepsy surgery. Strategies exist to increase access to surgery and to improve communication about the effectiveness of this potentially life-changing procedure. Further investigation into the nature and causes of the presumed underuse of epilepsy surgery and the elaboration of strategies to address this treatment gap are necessary and pressing. PMID:27478955

  3. Surgical clipping is still a good choice for the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Pahl, Felix Hendrik; Oliveira, Matheus Fernandes de; Brock, Roger Schmidt; Lucio, José Erasmo Dal Col; Rotta, José Marcus

    2016-04-01

    Paraclinoid aneurysms are lesions located adjacent to the clinoid and ophthalmic segments of the internal carotid artery. In recent years, flow diverter stents have been introduced as a better endovascular technique for treatment of these aneurysms. Method From 2009 to 2014, a total of 43 paraclinoid aneurysms in 43 patients were surgically clipped. We retrospectively reviewed the records of these patients to analyze clinical outcomes. Results Twenty-six aneurysms (60.5%) were ophthalmic artery aneurysms, while 17 were superior hypophyseal artery aneurysms (39.5%). The extradural approach to the clinoid process was used to clip these aneurysms. One hundred percent of aneurysms were clipped (complete exclusion in 100% on follow-up angiography). The length of follow-up ranged from 1 to 60 months (mean, 29.82 months). Conclusion Surgical clipping continues to be a good option for the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms. PMID:27097005

  4. Quality of life in patients submitted to surgical treatment of idiopathic scoliosis

    PubMed Central

    Rodrigues, João Bernardo Sancio Rocha; Saleme, Nathália Ambrozim Santos; Batista, José Lucas; Cardoso, Igor Machado; Jacob, Charbel

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE : To evaluate quality of life, using the SF-36, in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who un-derwent surgery for deformity correction, comparing the results in the pre-and post-operative period. METHODS : We evaluated 29 patients, 24 female, mean age 14.5 years, all patients had measurement of Cobb angle greater than 50º, and responded to the SF-36 questionnaire preope-ratively and on average two years after surgery. RESULTS : There was improvement in all eight domains studied by the SF-36 after surgical treatment, with statistically significant improvement of the domains functional capacity physical aspects, pain and general state. Vitality and mental heal-th were those with the lowest percentage of improvement postoperatively. CONCLUSION : Surgical treatment of defor-mity in all AIS improved the functional aspects assessed by the SF-36, representing, in practice, better quality of life for these patients. Evidence Level II, Prospective Study. PMID:27057138

  5. [Diagnosis and surgical treatment for small-sized peripheral lung cancer].

    PubMed

    Iyoda, A; Fujisawa, T; Moriya, Y

    2004-01-01

    Small-sized peripheral lung cancers have been detected more frequently as a result of recent developments in diagnostic imaging including high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Although the diagnosis of small-sized peripheral lung cancers is difficult, it makes an adequate diagnosis possible using transbronchial fine needle aspiration cytology or a new thin-type bronchoscope. Surgical treatment using mini-thoracotomy or video-assisted thoracic surgery is effective for early stage small-sized peripheral lung cancers. Lesser resection of lung cancer may provide many benefits to patients, such as preserving vital lung tissue and providing the chance for further resection if a second primary lung cancer develops, however, lobectomy with systematic hilar and mediastinal lymph node dissection should remain the standard surgical treatment, and an intentional limited resection should be adopted for very limited patients with a definitive early stage because of recurrence rates. PMID:14733091

  6. Surgical Treatment of Cystic Adventitial Disease of the Popliteal Artery: Five Case Reports

    PubMed Central

    Igari, Kimihiro; Kudo, Toshifumi; Toyofuku, Takahiro; Inoue, Yoshinori

    2015-01-01

    Cystic adventitial disease (CAD) is a rare cause of intermittent claudication and nonatherosclerotic conditions in middle-aged men without cardiovascular risk factors. The etiology of CAD is unclear; however, the direct communication between a cyst and a joint is presumed to be a cause. We herein report a case series of CAD of the popliteal artery (CADPA), in which patients were treated with surgical resection and vascular reconstruction. Although less invasive treatment modalities, including percutaneous cyst aspiration and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, have been the subject of recent reports, these treatments have had a higher recurrence rate. Therefore, all of the CAPDA cases in the present series were treated surgically, which lead to good outcomes. PMID:26339520

  7. Recent evidence, advances, and current practices in surgical treatment of lung cancer.

    PubMed

    Suda, Kenichi; Sato, Katsuaki; Mizuuchi, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Yoshihisa; Shimoji, Masaki; Tomizawa, Kenji; Takemoto, Toshiki; Iwasaki, Takuya; Sakaguchi, Masahiro; Mitsudomi, Tetsuya

    2014-11-01

    In the last 10-15 years, strategies and modalities of lung cancer treatment have changed dramatically. Meanwhile, the treatment objectives, the lung cancers themselves, have also changed, probably owing to early detection by computed tomography and aging of the population. In particular, the proportions of smaller lung cancers, lung adenocarcinomas with ground-glass opacity, and lung cancers in older patients are increasing. Along with these changes, surgeons have innovated and evaluated novel procedures for pulmonary resection. These include the application of minimally invasive surgical techniques, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and robotic surgery, and sub-lobar resection, such as wedge resection and segmentectomy, for small peripheral lung cancers. Currently, VATS has gained wide acceptance and several institutions in Japan have started using robotic surgery for lung cancers. Two important clinical trials of sub-lobar resection for small peripheral lung cancers are now underway in Japan. In addition, surgery itself is of growing importance in lung cancer treatment. In particular, recent evidence supports the use of surgery in strictly selected patients with locally advanced disease, lung cancers with N2 lymph node metastases, small cell lung cancers, recurrent oligo-metastasis after pulmonary resection, or relapsed tumors after drug treatment. Surgical treatment also provides abundant tumor samples for molecular analysis, which can be used for drug selection in the adjuvant setting or after disease relapse. In the era of personalized treatment, surgery is still one of the most important treatment modalities to combat lung cancer. PMID:25453375

  8. Effects of Zoledronate on Mortality and Morbidity after Surgical Treatment of Hip Fractures

    PubMed Central

    Cengiz, Ömer; Polat, Gökhan; Karademir, Gökhan; Tunç, Oytun Derya; Erdil, Mehmet; Tuncay, İbrahim; Şen, Cengiz

    2016-01-01

    We aimed to evaluate the effects of intertrochanteric femoral fractures on mortality, morbidity, and cost of zoledronate treatment in elderly patients treated by osteosynthesis. Based on Evans classification, 114 patients with unstable intertrochanteric femoral fractures were treated with osteosynthesis. After the surgical treatment of intertrochanteric fractures, the treatment group (M/F, 24/32; mean age, 76.7 ± SD years) received zoledronate infusion, and the control group (M/F, 20/38; mean age, 80.2 ± SD years) received placebo. Postoperative control visits were performed at 6-week, 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month time points. Functional level of patients was evaluated by the modified Harris hip score and Merle d'Aubigné hip score. By 12 months, the mean HHS in treatment and control groups was 81.93 and 72.9, respectively. For time of death of the patients, mortality was found to be 57.1% (16/28) on the first 3 months and 92.9% (26/28) on the first six months. The mortality rate in the treatment and control groups was 14.3% (8/56) and 34.5% (20/58), respectively. The use of zoledronic acid after surgical treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures in osteoporotic elderly patients is a safe treatment modality which helps to reduce mortality, improves functional outcomes, and has less side effects with single dose use per year. PMID:27092280

  9. [Statement about the medical and surgical treatment of overweight and obesity].

    PubMed

    Carrasco N, Fernando; Manrique, Mónica; de la Maza, María Pía; Moreno, Manuel; Albala, Cecilia; García, Jaime; Díaz, Jaime; Liberman, Claudio

    2009-07-01

    This is an updated review of the available treatments for obesity, which can be used when lifestyles modifications fail. Using the available information and the experience of the members of this advisory group, a recommendation is given about the most useful treatments, according to the severity of obesity and its complications. With regards to pharmacological treatments, only sibutramine and orlistat are approved on a worldwide basis for the treatment of obesity. These medications achieve a 10% higher weight reduction than lifestyles modification. A third medication, rimonobant, is also more effective than lifestyles modifications, but it was withdrawn due to psychological safety issues. The indications for surgical treatment and a brief description of the available techniques, success rates and complications are outlined. Finally, the need to have followed up protocols for patients and the formation of multidisciplinary treatment teams is underscored. PMID:19802428

  10. Intra-articular fractures of the upper extremity: new concepts in surgical treatment.

    PubMed

    Boyer, Martin I; Galatz, Leesa M; Borrelli, Joseph; Axelrod, Terry S; Ricci, William M

    2003-01-01

    New techniques of internal fixation, postoperative rehabilitation, and emphasis on functional as well as radiographic outcome have refined the surgical treatment of complex fractures of the glenoid, humeral head, supracondylar and intracondylar humerus, olecranon, radial head, distal radius, and distal radioulnar joint over the past decade. Early stabilization and rehabilitation of these injuries leads to soft-tissue stabilization and facilitates the patient's ability to place the hand in three-dimensional space. PMID:12690885

  11. Surgical treatment of frontal sinus fracture sequelae with methyl methacrylate prosthesis

    PubMed Central

    Cavalieri-Pereira, Lucas; Assis, Adriano; Olate, Sergio; Asprino, Luciana; de Moraes, Marcio

    2013-01-01

    Inappropriate treatment of fractures of the frontal sinus can lead to serious complications. These fractures are often associated with soft tissue injuries and loss of bony structures. This case report shows the use of methyl methacrylate frontal prosthesis to treat a sequel of frontal sinus fracture; surgical options are discusses and one-year follow-up is present to show stability and good cosmetic result. PMID:24273699

  12. [Surgical treatment of patients with cancer of the larynx with lesions of the anterior commissure].

    PubMed

    Bariliak, Iu R

    1990-01-01

    Eighty two patients with glottic tumors extending to the anterior commissure underwent surgical treatment: 11 patients for cordectomy in its classic form, 11 patients for fronto-lateral cordectomy, 59 patients for extended cordectomy, and 1 patient for hemilaryngectomy according to Otan. Analysis of the postoperative clinical state of the patients suggests that surgery for vocal cord carcinoma involving the anterior commissure should not necessarily include tracheostomy and laryngeal tamponade. PMID:2316118

  13. Serous Macular Detachment Secondary to Optic Pit: Surgical Treatment and Long Time Results

    PubMed Central

    Cevher, Selim; Sahinoglu-Keskek, Nedime; Unal, Fikret; Demirduzen, Selahaddin; Oksuz, Huseyin

    2016-01-01

    32-year-old Turkish male patient presented with an optic disk pit and serous macular detachment in the left eye. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography revealed serous macular detachment and retinoschisis. After vitrectomy the retina gradually flattened and vision was gradually improved. We aimed to report a case of serous macula detachment secondary to optic pit and long term result of surgical treatment. PMID:26881159

  14. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF UNSTABLE PELVIC RING FRACTURE IN SKELETALLY IMMATURE PATIENTS

    PubMed Central

    Guimarães, Joao Antonio Matheus; de Souza Portes Meirelles, Ricardo; Júnior, Luiz Augusto Peçanha Tavares; Goldsztajn, Flávio; Rocha, Tito; Mendes, Pedro Henrique Barros

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To present the outcomes from definitive surgical treatment for unstable fractures of the pelvic ring in children undergoing surgical reduction and stabilization. Methods: We studied 10 patients with immature skeletons who suffered unstable fractures of the pelvic ring and were treated between March 2004 and January 2008. The study was retrospective, based on clinical and radiographic evaluations. Results: The mean age at the time of the trauma was 8.8 years (2 to 13 years). Seven patients were female and three was male. There were eight cases of trauma caused by being run over, and one case each of a motorcycle accident and falling from a height. Five patients had other associated injuries such as fractures of the clavicle, femoral diaphysis, proximal humerus, lower leg bones, olecranon and bladder injury. All the patients evaluated showed an excellent clinical outcome. The pelvic asymmetry before surgery ranged from 0.7 to 2.9 cm (mean 1.45 cm), and dropped to values between 0.2 and 0.9 cm (mean 0.39 cm) after reduction. In no case was any change observed in pelvic asymmetry measured in the immediate postoperative period and at the end of follow-up. Conclusion: Pelvic ring fractures in skeletally immature patients are rare and surgical treatment is unusual. Several authors have questioned conservative treatment because of the complications encountered. Bone remodeling does not seem enough to cause an improvement in pelvic asymmetry, and this justifies the choice of surgical treatment for reduction and correction of pelvic ring deformities. PMID:27026968

  15. Primary Hyperparathyroidism in Older People: Surgical Treatment with Minimally Invasive Approaches and Outcome

    PubMed Central

    Dobrinja, Chiara; Silvestri, Marta; de Manzini, Nicolò

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. Elderly patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) are often not referred to surgery because of their associated comorbidities that may increase surgical risk. The aim of the study was to review indications and results of minimally invasive approach parathyroidectomy in elderly patients to evaluate its impact on outcome. Materials and Methods. All patients of 70 years of age or older undergoing minimally approach parathyroidectomy at our Department from May 2005 to May 2011 were reviewed. Data collected included patients demographic information, biochemical pathology, time elapsed from pHPT diagnosis to surgical intervention, operative findings, complications, and results of postoperative biochemical studies. Results and Discussion. 37 patients were analysed. The average length of stay was 2.8 days. 11 patients were discharged within 24 hours after their operation. Morbidity included 6 transient symptomatic postoperative hypocalcemias while one patient developed a transient laryngeal nerve palsy. Time elapsed from pHPT diagnosis to first surgical visit evidences that the elderly patients were referred after their disease had progressed. Conclusions. Our data show that minimally invasive approach to parathyroid surgery seems to be safe and curative also in elderly patients with few associated risks because of combination of modern preoperative imaging, advances in surgical technique, and advances in anesthesia care. PMID:22737167

  16. Patient Satisfaction of Surgical Treatment of Clitoral Phimosis and Labial Adhesions Caused by Lichen Sclerosus

    PubMed Central

    King, Michelle; Rieff, Mollie; Krapf, Jill; Goldstein, Andrew T.

    2015-01-01

    with surgical correction of clitoral phimosis and lysis of vulvar adhesions for VGF caused by LS. Patients reported improvement in clitoral sensation and ability to achieve orgasm, as well as decreased dyspareunia. Surgical correction of vulvar scarring is a viable option to restore vulvar anatomy and sexual function in appropriate candidates with anogenital LS. Flynn AN, King M, Rieff M, Krapf J, and Goldstein AT. Patient satisfaction of surgical treatment of clitoral phimosis and labial adhesions caused by lichen sclerosus. Sex Med 2015;3:251–255. PMID:26797058

  17. [Aplication of demineralized human bone matrix in the surgical dental fusion treatment. Report of a case].

    PubMed

    Mora-Rincones, Oscar A; Corona-Rodríguez, Julio C; Díaz-Carvajal, Alvaro L; Franco-Carrero, Isabel C

    2008-06-01

    The purpose of this work is to present a surgical alternative in the treatment of the dental fusions through the placement of demineralized human bone matrix (DHBM) (Grafton Putty)*, immediately after the separation and extraction of the fused tooth to the permanent one. The dental fusion is a dental anomaly of union, that consists in the union of two dental germs during development. It could happen at any of the dental germ evolution stages from the dental sheet or from more advanced processes of differentiation. For the clinical treatment, an allograft of DHBM with osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties was used. This had several factors of bone growth, it allowed the gradual growth of a new bone that helped to correct the bone defects post-extraction and to cover the exposed distal wall of the remaining permanent tooth. The clinic evaluation and the periapical and panoramic radiographies images were used for the clinical control. It can be concluded that the surgical separation and the extraction of the tooth with less anatomical likeness to the contralateral and the placement of the DHBM, represent a surgical treatment alternative of the dental fusion. PMID:18717269

  18. Surgical treatment of venous ulcers: role of subfascial endoscopic perforator vein ligation.

    PubMed

    Kalra, Manju; Gloviczki, Peter

    2003-06-01

    Existing data in the literature lack answers to several questions about the optimal treatment of patients with advanced CVI, especially venous ulcers. There is no level I evidence to support the superiority of surgical over medical treatment and the extent of surgical intervention. Specifically, knowledge about the efficacy and applicability of SEPS is incomplete, and prospective, randomized studies are needed. In the light of present-day knowledge, all patients should undergo a trial of medical management before resorting to surgery. Patients who benefit from surgical treatment and the addition of SEPS, if indicated, are patients with ulcers resulting from PVI of the superficial and perforating veins, with or without DVI. Based on available data, these patients can be assured an 80% to 90% chance of long-term freedom from ulcer recurrence. Despite subjective symptomatic and objective clinical score improvement, the role of surgery and SEPS is controversial in patients with PT because only 50% of patients can be predicted to have long-term freedom from ulcer recurrence. Patients with ulcer recurrence after SEPS should undergo duplex scanning to exclude recurrent or persistent perforators. If these are found to be incompetent, repeat SEPS is warranted. If there is no perforator incompetence, patients should be considered for deep venous reconstruction. PMID:12822732

  19. Supraorbital Rim Syndrome: Definition, Surgical Treatment, and Outcomes for Frontal Headache

    PubMed Central

    Fallucco, Michael A.; Janis, Jeffrey E.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Supraorbital rim syndrome (SORS) is a novel term attributed to a composite of anatomically defined peripheral nerve entrapment sites of the supraorbital rim region. The SORS term establishes a more consistent nomenclature to describe the constellation of frontal peripheral nerve entrapment sites causing frontal headache pain. In this article, we describe the anatomical features of SORS and evidence to support its successful treatment using the transpalpebral approach that allows direct vision of these sites and the intraconal space. Methods: A retrospective review of 276 patients who underwent nerve decompression or neurectomy procedures for frontal or occipital headache was performed. Of these, treatment of 96 patients involved frontal surgery, and 45 of these patients were pure SORS patients who underwent this specific frontal trigger site deactivation surgery only. All procedures involved direct surgical approach through the upper eyelid to address the nerves of the supraorbital rim at the bony rim and myofascial sites. Results: Preoperative and postoperative data from the Migraine Disability Assessment Questionnaire were analyzed with paired t test. After surgical intervention, Migraine Disability Assessment Questionnaire scores decreased significantly at 12 months postoperatively (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: SORS describes the totality of compression sites both at the bony orbital rim and the corrugator myofascial unit for the supraorbital rim nerves. Proper diagnosis, full anatomical site knowledge, and complete decompression allow for consistent treatment. Furthermore, the direct, transpalpebral surgical approach provides significant benefit to allow complete decompression. PMID:27536474

  20. Surgical treatment of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome with intra-thoracic tumor

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Xiang; Hang, Junbiao; Che, Jiaming; Chen, Zhongyuan; Qiu, Weicheng; Ren, Jian; Yang, Xiaoqing; Xiang, Jie

    2016-01-01

    Background The study was to review the clinical manifestations and laboratory examinations of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) syndrome, and to analyze the efficacy of surgical treatment. Methods The clinical data, surgical therapy, and outcome of 23 cases of ectopic ACTH syndrome accompanied by intra-thoracic tumors were reviewed. The tumors were removed from all the patients according to the principles of radical resection. Results The tumors were confirmed as associated with ectopic ACTH secretion in 19 cases. Hyperglycemia and hypokalemia were recovered, while plasma cortisol, plasma ACTH and 24-hour urinary free cortisol (UFC) levels were significantly reduced after surgery in these 19 cases. Recurrences of the disease were found in six cases during following-up, and five of them died. Conclusions The thoracic cavity should be a focus in routine examinations of patients with symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome (CS), because ectopic ACTH-producing tumors are commonly found in bronchus/lung and mediastinum. Despite the incidence of the pulmonary nodule secondary to opportunistic infection in some cases, surgery is still the first choice if the tumor is localized. The surgical procedure should be performed according to the principles in resection of lung cancer and mediastinal tumor. The surgical efficacy is significant for short-term periods; however, the recurrence of the disease in long-term periods is in great part related to distal metastasis or relapse of the tumor. PMID:27162663

  1. The Surgical Treatment Principles of Atlantoaxial Instability Focusing on Rheumatoid Arthritis

    PubMed Central

    Shih, Yu-Tung; Kao, Ting-Hsien; Pan, Hung-Chuan; Chen, Hsien-Te; Tsou, Hsi-Kai

    2015-01-01

    Object. This retrospective review was conducted to determine the surgical treatment principle for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with atlantoaxial instability (AAI). Methods. Thirteen patients with AAI, including 5 RA patients, received preoperative computed tomography- (CT-) based image-guided navigation system (IGS) in C1 lateral mass-C2 pedicle screw-rod system fixation (LC1-PC2 fixation). These 13 patients were analyzed for 52 screws inserted into C1 and C2. We defined these patients as non-RA group (8 patients, 32 screws) and RA group (5 patients, 20 screws). The neurological status for RA group was evaluated using the Ranawat classification. The causes of AAI, surgical indications, complications, surgical method revolution, and CT-based navigation application are discussed. Results. None of the 13 patients expressed neurological function deterioration. The non-RA group screw accuracy was 100%. In the RA group, 1 RA patient developed left C2 screw loosening at 1+ months after operation due to screw malposition. The screw accuracy for this group was 95%. Conclusions. Higher intraoperative surgical complication rate was described in RA patients. Preoperative CT-based IGS in LC1-PC2 fixation can provide good neurological function and screw accuracy results. However, for higher screw accuracy in RA patients, intraoperative CT-based IGS application may be considered. PMID:26273625

  2. Surgical Flow Alteration for the Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms That Are Unclippable, Untrappable, and Uncoilable

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sung Ho; Kwun, Byung Duk; Park, Wonhyoung; Park, Jung Cheol; Roh, Sung Woo

    2015-01-01

    Objective The treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms remains challenging. One approach is the application of surgical flow alteration to treat aneurysms that are neither clippable, trappable, or coilable. The efficacy and limitations of surgical flow alteration have not yet been established. Methods Cases of complex aneurysms treated with surgical flow alteration (proximal occlusion with or without bypass, distal occlusion with or without bypass and bypass only) were included in this retrospective study. Results Among a total of 16 cases, there were 7 giant aneurysms (≥25 mm diameter) and 9 large aneurysms (>10 mm diameter); 15 of 16 aneurysms were unruptured. There were 8 aneurysms located in the anterior circulation, while the other 8 were in the posterior circulation. Aneurysms were treated with proximal occlusion in 10 cases and distal occlusion in 5 cases; in 1 case, the aneurysm occluded spontaneously after bypass without parent artery occlusion. All but 2 cases underwent prior or concurrent bypass surgery. Complete obliteration of the aneurysm at the latest imaging follow-up was shown in 12 of 16 cases (75.0%). Bypass patency was confirmed in 13 of 15 cases (86.7%). Surgery-related morbidity developed in 3 cases (18.8%, Glasgow outcome scale of 4) and all were perforator infarctions. There were no mortalities. Conclusion Surgical flow alteration resulted in a high rate of aneurysmal obliteration with acceptable morbidity. Although several limitations remained, it could represent an alternative method for treating complex aneurysms. PMID:26819686

  3. Post Liposuction Mycobacterium Abscessus Surgical Site Infection in a Returned Medical tourist Complicated by a Paradoxical Reaction During Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Hui, Siong H.; Noonan, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Rapidly growing mycobacterial skin and soft tissue infections are known to complicate cosmetic surgical procedures. Treatment consists of more surgery and prolonged antibiotic therapy guided by drug susceptibility testing. Paradoxical reactions occurring during antibiotic therapy can further complicate treatment of non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections. We report a case of post liposuction Mycobacterium abscessus surgical site infection in a returned medical tourist and occurrence of paradox during treatment. PMID:26753088

  4. Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis: laser-assisted surgical treatment or conventional surgery?

    PubMed

    Atalay, Belir; Yalcin, Serhat; Emes, Yusuf; Aktas, Irem; Aybar, Buket; Issever, Halim; Mandel, Nil Molinas; Cetin, Ozge; Oncu, Bora

    2011-11-01

    Bisphosphonates (BSPs) are used for the treatment of multiple myeloma, metastatic breast and lung cancer, Paget's disease, osteoporosis, hypercalcemia due to malignancy, and many other skeletal diseases. BSPs reduce osteoclastic functions, which result in bone resorption. Bisphosphonates-related osteonecrosis of jaws (BRONJ) is a newly developed term that is used to describe the significant complication in patients receiving bisphosphonates. BSPs are known to exhibit an anti-angiogenetic effect that initiates tissue necrosis of the hard tissue. There is currently no consensus on the correct approach to this issue. The aim of this retrospective study is to compare the effects of laser surgery with biostimulation to conventional surgery in the treatment of BSP-induced avascular bone necrosis on 20 patients who have been treated in our clinic. BRONJ was evaluated in patients with lung, prostate, and breast cancer under intravenous BSP treatment. Twenty patients in this study developed mandibular or maxillary avascular necrosis after a minor tooth extraction surgery or spontaneously. Bone turnover rates were evaluated by serum terminal C-telopeptide levels (CTX) using the electrochemiluminescence immunoassay technique and patients were treated with laser or conventional surgical treatments and medical therapy. Ten patients were treated with laser surgery and biostimulation. An Er:YAG laser (Fotona Fidelis Plus II® Combine laser equipment, Slovenia) very long pulse (VLP) mode (200 mJ, 20 Hz) using a fiber tip 1.3 mm in diameter and 12 mm in length was used to remove the necrotic and granulation tissues from the area of avascular necrosis. Biostimulation was applied postoperatively using an Nd:YAG laser. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) was applied to the tissues for 1 min from 4 cm distance using an Nd:YAG laser (Fotona-Slovenia) with a R24 950-µm fiber handpiece long-pulse (LP) mode, 0.25-W, 10 Hz power/cm(2) from the mentioned distance the spot size was 0.4 cm(2), and

  5. Results of endoscopic and surgical fistula treatment in oesophagointestinal anastomosis after gastrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ciostek, Piotr; Petryka, Robert; Słowik, Jakub; Jarosz, Mirosław

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Intestinal fistulas occur in 4–8% of cases of upper gastrointestinal tract surgery. Until now, surgery has been the standard of treating fistulas in oesophagointestinal anastomosis. The use of stents and haemoclips still causes much controversy, but more and more publications present good results with this type of treatment. Aim To present results of endoscopic and surgical treatment of fistulas in oesophagointestinal anastomosis after gastrectomy. Material and methods A fistula in the oesophagointestinal anastomosis was observed in 23 (4.8%) patients within an 18-year period. The indications for endoscopic treatment were small fistulas (< 50 ml/day), and large (> 50 ml/day) fistulas in subjects with no symptoms of peritonitis or abscess were treated with implantation a of covered stent. Surgical treatment was performed with a large fistula leading to peritonitis and complicated gangrene of margins and/or the presence of abscess. Results Four subjects were treated endoscopically with the use of haemoclips, resulting in 50% technical and clinical success. We implanted stents in 12 patients. Technical success was achieved in all the patients, yet permanent closure of the fistula was reported for 8 (66%) subjects. The percentage of patients operated on for fistula was 33%. We recorded 4 deaths in this group. Conclusions The use of haemoclips in treatment of small fistulas, and self-expandable, covered stents in treatment of medium and large fistulas, is an effective method that shortens the hospitalisation period and accelerates introduction of oral nutrition while reducing the number of fatal complications. PMID:26865886

  6. Stage II endometrial carcinoma. Results and complications of a combined radiotherapeutic-surgical approach

    SciTech Connect

    Larson, D.M.; Copeland, L.J.; Gallager, H.S.; Kong, J.P.; Wharton, J.T.; Stringer, C.A.

    1988-04-15

    Since one third of the patients with Stage II endometrial carcinoma have occult extrauterine pelvic metastases at diagnosis, adequate treatment must include the pelvic lymph nodes and parametria. Eighty-three patients with Stage II endometrial carcinoma were treated between January 1964 and December 1983. Sixty-nine patients (83%) received combined whole-pelvic irradiation and surgery, five (6%) had surgery alone and nine (11%) had radiotherapy alone. Five-year actuarial survival rates were 67%, 60%, and 38%, respectively. No pelvic recurrence occurred in the 69 patients who received the combined therapy, and there was no vaginal recurrence in the 80 patients treated with intracavity radium. There was a significantly lower incidence of pelvic lymph node metastases (P = 0.03) in patients treated with preoperative irradiation. The median time to recurrence was 17 months, with 67% of the recurrences diagnosed before 2 years, and 88% within 5 years. Ten patients (12%) incurred severe complications and three died as a result. Whole-pelvic irradiation, intracavity radium, and hysterectomy are effective treatment for occult pelvic and vaginal disease.

  7. Combined Treatments with Photodynamic Therapy for Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Lucena, Silvia Rocío; Salazar, Nerea; Gracia-Cazaña, Tamara; Zamarrón, Alicia; González, Salvador; Juarranz, Ángeles; Gilaberte, Yolanda

    2015-01-01

    Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common form of cancer in the Caucasian population. Among NMSC types, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has the highest incidence and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is less common although it can metastasize, accounting for the majority of NMSC-related deaths. Treatment options for NMSC include both surgical and non-surgical modalities. Even though surgical approaches are most commonly used to treat these lesions, Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) has the advantage of being a non-invasive option, and capable of field treatment, providing optimum cosmetic outcomes. Numerous clinical research studies have shown the efficacy of PDT for treating pre-malignant and malignant NMSC. However, resistant or recurrent tumors appear and sometimes become more aggressive. In this sense, the enhancement of PDT effectiveness by combining it with other therapeutic modalities has become an interesting field in NMSC research. Depending on the characteristics and the type of tumor, PDT can be applied in combination with immunomodulatory (Imiquimod) and chemotherapeutic (5-fluorouracil, methotrexate, diclofenac, or ingenol mebutate) agents, inhibitors of some molecules implicated in the carcinogenic process (COX2 or MAPK), surgical techniques, or even radiotherapy. These new strategies open the way to a wider improvement of the prevention and eradication of skin cancer. PMID:26516853

  8. The international, prospective Glanzmann Thrombasthenia Registry: treatment and outcomes in surgical intervention.

    PubMed

    Poon, Man-Chiu; d'Oiron, Roseline; Zotz, Rainer B; Bindslev, Niels; Di Minno, Matteo Nicola Dario; Di Minno, Giovanni

    2015-08-01

    Standard treatment for Glanzmann thrombasthenia, a severe inherited bleeding disorder, is platelet transfusion. Recombinant factor VIIa is reported to be effective in Glanzmann thrombasthenia with platelet antibodies and/or refractoriness to platelet transfusions. We aimed to evaluate recombinant factor VIIa effectiveness and safety for the treatment and prevention of surgical bleeding in patients, with or without platelet antibodies and/or refractoriness, using data from the Glanzmann Thrombasthenia Registry, an international, multicenter, observational, post-marketing study of rFVIIa. Between 2007 and 2011, 96 patients were treated for 206 surgical procedures (minor 169, major 37). History of platelet antibodies was present in 43 patients, refractoriness in 23, antibodies+refractoriness in 17, while 47 had no confirmed antibodies/refractoriness. Treatments analyzed included antifibrinolytics, recombinant factor VIIa, recombinant factor VIIa+antifibrinolytics, platelets±antifibrinolytics and recombinant factor VIIa+platelets±antifibrinolytics. The most frequent treatment for minor procedures was recombinant factor VIIa+antifibrinolytics (n=65), and for major procedures, recombinant factor VIIa+platelets±antifibrinolytics (n=13). In patients without antibodies/refractoriness, recombinant factor VIIa, either alone or with antifibrinolytics, and platelets±antifibrinolytics were rated 100% effective for minor and major procedures. The effectiveness of treatment for minor procedures in patients with antibodies and refractoriness was 88.9% for recombinant factor VIIa, 100% for recombinant factor VIIa+antifibrinolytics, 66.7% for platelets±antifibrinolytics and 100% for recombinant factor VIIa+platelets±antifibrinolytics. One of four adverse events reported for surgery was considered recombinant factor VIIa-treatment-related (non-fatal thromboembolic event in an adult female receiving recombinant factor VIIa+platelets+antifibrinolytics). For all patients

  9. Surgical treatment of class II malocclusion in the orthodontic boundaries: a case report.

    PubMed

    Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Porto, Alessandra Nogueira; Valieri, Sidnei; Valieri, Matheus; Borges, Alvaro H; Mattos, Fernanda Zanol

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to report a clinical case of treatment of Class II division I malocclusion with facial aesthetic impairment, whose therapeutic approach comprised the association of orthodontic treatment with orthognathic surgery. The treatment for the present case consisted of decompensation oflower incisors and extraction oftwo lower premolars, in order to obtain horizontal discrepancy allowing the surgery for mandibular advancement. At the end of treatment, we could clinically observe a Class I molar/canine relationship, normal overbite and overjet, presence of lip seal, type I facial profile with considerable aesthetic improvement. We can conclude that the ortho-surgical treatment is a therapeutic alternative providing the best prognosis in terms of aesthetic correction in patients with unpleasant facial profile. PMID:25109062

  10. The surgical treatment of cancer of the esophagus. Summary of replies to a questionnaire.

    PubMed

    París, F; Casillas, M; Zarza, A G; Padilla, J

    1979-03-01

    In an attempt to assess the different methods of treatment of tumors of the esophagus we contacted 170 surgeons (in 1975-1976). Seventy-six (45%) answered a questionnaire concerning the surgical management of esophageal tumors, the reasons for non operability and non resectability, the place of radiotherapy, the validity of palliative procedures, the exposure and type of resection for tumors at various levels in the esophagus, the technical details of the operations, the resectability and mortality rate, the anastomotic leak rate and its treatment, and the five-year survival rate after operation. The replies to the questionnaire are summarized. PMID:94320

  11. Surgical treatment of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: results in 107 cases

    SciTech Connect

    Cola, B.; Tonielli, E.; Sacco, S.; Brulatti, M.; Franchini, A.

    1986-07-01

    Between 1972 and 1985, 107 patients with chronic Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura underwent splenectomy. Platelet life span and sites of sequestration were studied with labelled platelets and external scanning. Medical treatment was always of scarce and transient effectiveness and had considerable side effects. Splenectomy had minimal complications and mortality and caused no hazard of overwhelming sepsis in adults. The results of splenectomy were very satisfying, especially when platelet sequestration was mainly splenic (remission in about 90% of patients). Surgical treatment is at present the most effective in patients with chronic ITP.

  12. Conservative Surgical Treatment of Infected Ulceration of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint With Osteomyelitis in Diabetic Patients.

    PubMed

    Dalla Paola, Luca; Carone, Anna; Morisi, Claudio; Cardillo, Sara; Pattavina, Marco

    2015-01-01

    Ulceration of the plantar aspect of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is a common localization in the diabetic foot. Conservative treatment of this lesion is a challenging problem, performed through the soft tissues and osseous debridement. The present study included a cohort of 28 patients affected by diabetes mellitus and a first ray lesion penetrating the bone. After surgical debridement with removal of the infected bone, we positioned antibiotic-loaded bone cement and stabilized the treated area with an external fixator. All patients with critical limb ischemia had their vascular disease treated before the procedure. The mean follow-up was 12.2 ± 6.9 months. Four patients developed a relapse of the ulceration after the procedure. In the postoperative period, 1 patient (3.57%) developed dehiscence of the surgical site and underwent a second procedure. In the follow-up period, 2 patients (7.14%) experienced bone cement dislocation. In 1 of these patients, a new ulceration was observed dorsally to the surgical site. The approach was surgical revision with bone cement replacement and stabilization with a new external fixator. In the other patient, given the absence of ulcerations, the cement was removed, and arthrodesis with internal stabilization using 2 cannulated screws was performed. One patient (3.57%), who had developed a relapse of ulceration after recurrent critical ischemia, underwent a percutaneous revascularization procedure and transmetatarsal amputation. During the follow-up period, no ulceration recurrences, transfer ulcerations, shoe fit problems, or gait abnormalities were detected in the other 24 patients. Our study presents the results of a technique requiring a 1-stage surgical approach to a relatively common problem, which is often difficult to solve. PMID:25249400

  13. Changing spectrum of Budd-Chiari syndrome in India with special reference to non-surgical treatment

    PubMed Central

    Amarapurkar, Deepak N; Punamiya, Sundeep J; Patel, Nikhil D

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate patterns of obstruction, etiological spectrum and non-surgical treatment in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome in India. METHODS: Forty-nine consecutive cases of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) were prospectively evaluated. All patients with refractory ascites or deteriorating liver function were, depending on morphology of inferior vena cava (IVC) and/or hepatic vein (HV) obstruction, triaged for radiological intervention, in addition to anticoagulation therapy. Asymptomatic patients, patients with diuretic-responsive ascites and stable liver function, and patients unwilling for surgical intervention were treated symptomatically with anticoagulation. RESULTS: Mean duration of symptoms was 41.5 ± 11.2 (range = 1-240) mo. HV thrombosis (HVT) was present in 29 (59.1%), IVC thrombosis in eight (16.3%), membranous obstruction of IVC in two (4%) and both IVC-HV thrombosis in 10 (20.4%) cases. Of 35 cases tested for hypercoagulability, 27 (77.1%) were positive for one or more hypercoagulable states. Radiological intervention was technically successful in 37/38 (97.3%): IVC stenting in seven (18.9%), IVC balloon angioplasty in two (5.4%), combined IVC-HV stenting in two (5.4%), HV stenting in 11 (29.7%), transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in 13 (35.1%) and combined TIPS-IVC stenting in two (5.4%). Complications encountered in follow-up: death in five, re-stenosis of the stent in five (17.1%), hepatic encephalopathy in two and hepatocellular carcinoma in one patient. Of nine patients treated medically, two showed complete resolution of HVT. CONCLUSION: In our series, HVT was the predominant cause of BCS. In the last five years with the availability of sophisticated tests for hypercoagulability, etiologies were defined in 85.7% of cases. Non-surgical management was successful in most cases. PMID:18186568

  14. Ovarian drilling for surgical treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome: a comprehensive review.

    PubMed

    Fernandez, Hervé; Morin-Surruca, Michèle; Torre, Antoine; Faivre, Erika; Deffieux, Xavier; Gervaise, Amélie

    2011-06-01

    This systematic literature review is intended to clarify and evaluate the results obtained by ovarian drilling as surgical treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Four databases were consulted (Medline at the National Library of Medicine, USA; Cochrane Library, UK; National Guideline Clearinghouse, USA; and the Health Technology Assessment Database, Sweden) and searched for 'polycystic ovary syndrome' plus 'drilling' in the title or abstract. The assessment criteria used to define the efficacy of the procedure were the rates of ovulation, clinical pregnancy and early miscarriage. Alternatives to surgical ovarian drilling were evaluated. This search produced 147 references, 81 of which met the selection criteria. This review of infertility management in women with PCOS indicates that ovarian drilling is a second-line treatment when treatment with clomiphene citrate fails to lead to conception. The benefits of ovarian drilling are that it does not induce either hyperstimulation syndrome or multiple pregnancies. It is concluded that ovarian drilling is an option in the management of female infertility associated with PCOS, especially as a second-line treatment after the failure of clomiphene citrate treatment. PMID:21511534

  15. Medical and surgical treatment in divers with chronic rhinosinusitis and paranasal sinus barotrauma.

    PubMed

    Skevas, Theodoros; Baumann, Ingo; Bruckner, Thomas; Clifton, Nick; Plinkert, Peter K; Klingmann, Christoph

    2012-03-01

    Aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of medical and surgical treatment in divers with paranasal sinus barotrauma (PSB) secondary to chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). In this retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study 40 adult divers with CRS were included. Treatment of divers implied a 5-day course of a systemic steroid and a 6-week course of saline nasal irrigations and topical nasal steroid with mometasone in maximal dosage. If symptoms persisted, functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) was performed. Questionnaires included the Sinonasal Outcome Test-20 German Adapted Version (SNOT-20 GAV), dive-related questions (DRQ) and general questions. Questionnaires were completed retrospectively by recalling the symptoms before and after therapy. Forty of 82 divers completed the questionnaires. Mean follow-up was 42 months (range 13-95 months). There was a statistically significant improvement of the Total score (TS) and of every subscore, except the General Quality of Life score, in the SNOT-20 GAV as well as of the TS in the DRQ. Before treatment, divers who required surgery reported significantly more symptoms than divers who were treated conservatively. Post treatment there were no significant differences between the medical and surgical group. Overall, 35 divers could resume diving after therapy even though PSB still occurred but without complications. Divers with sinus problems can successfully be managed medically and if conservative treatment fails, FESS shows a statistically significant improvement of symptoms and no serious long-term hazards for diving. PMID:21901337

  16. Efficacies of surgical treatments based on Harris hip score in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture

    PubMed Central

    Liang, Chengwei; Yang, Fengjian; Lin, Weilong; Fan, Yongqian

    2015-01-01

    Aim: To compare the efficacies of four surgical treatments, i.e., total hip arthroplasty (THA), internal fixation (IF), hemiarthroplasty (HA), and artificial femoral head replacement (artificial FHR), by performing a network meta-analysis based on Harris hip score (HHS) in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture. Methods: In strict accordance with specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trails (RCTs) were screened and selected from a larger group of studies that were retrieved through a comprehensive search of scientific literature databases, further complimented by manual search. The resultant high-quality data from final selected studies were analyzed using Stata 12.0 software. Results: A total of 3680 studies were initially retrieved from database search, and 15 RCTs were eventually incorporated into this meta-analysis, containing 1781 elderly patients who had undergone various surgical treatments for femoral neck fracture (THA group = 604; HA group = 604; IF group = 495; artificial FHR group = 78). Our major result revealed a statistically significant difference in HHS of femoral neck fracture when HA and IF groups were compared with THA. No differences were detected in the HHS of femoral neck fracture undergoing artificial FHR and THA. The surface under the cumulative ranking curves (SUCRA) value of HHS, in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture after surgery, revealed that IF has the highest value. Conclusions: The current network meta-analysis results suggest that IF is the superlative surgical procedure for femoral neck fracture patients, and IF significantly improves the HHS in femoral neck fracture patients. PMID:26221216

  17. Recurrence of Skull Base Meningiomas: The Role of Aggressive Removal in Surgical Treatment.

    PubMed

    da Silva, Carlos Eduardo; Peixoto de Freitas, Paulo Eduardo

    2016-06-01

    Objectives The recurrence of meningiomas is a crucial aspect that must be considered during the planning of treatment strategy. The Simpson grade classification is the most relevant surgical aspect to predict the recurrence of meningiomas. We report on a series of patients with recurrent skull base meningiomas who were treated with the goal of radical removal. Design A retrospective study. Setting Hospital Ernesto Dornelles, Porto Alegre, Brazil. Participants Patients with recurrent skull base meningiomas. Main Outcomes Measures The goal of obtaining aggressive resection (i.e., Simpson grades I and II). Results The average age was 54 years, the mean follow-up period was 52.1 months, and Simpson grades I and II were obtained in 82%. The overall mortality was 5.8%. Transient cranial nerve deficits occurred in 11.7%; the definitive morbidity was also 5.8%. A second recurrence occurred in 5.8%. Conclusions Radical removal of recurrent skull base meningiomas is achievable and should be considered an option with a good outcome and an acceptable morbidity. The common surgical finding that was responsible for recurrence in this study was incomplete removal during the first surgery. We recommend extensive dura and bone removal in the surgical treatment of such recurrent lesions. PMID:27175316

  18. Infective Endocarditis: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Mortality, as Related to Surgical Timing and Infectious Organism

    PubMed Central

    Attum, Abdulla A.; Masri, Zahi; Yared, Sam F.; Johnson, G. Stephan; Girardet, Roland; Lansing, Allan M.

    1987-01-01

    To evaluate the timing of surgical treatment in infective endocarditis and to determine the relationship between the risk of mortality and the species of infectious organism, we reviewed a consecutive series of 65 cases involving patients with infective endocarditis who had been treated over a 17-year period. The patients included 41 males and 24 females, who ranged in age from 6 to 85 years (mean, 39.3 years). Forty-five had native valve endocarditis, 14 had prosthetic valve endocarditis, and six had endocarditis associated with congenital heart defects. Fifty-two patients underwent valve replacement, which was associated with an overall operative mortality of 19%. Those who underwent valve replacement during the early active stage (first 3 weeks) of infection had a higher mortality rate than those who had surgery either during the late active stage (second 3 weeks) of infection or after 6 weeks of antibiotic therapy. S. aureus and Pseudomonas organisms were responsible for the most deaths. On the basis of this study, we recommend that, when cardiovascular function permits, patients who are hemodynamically stable and free of emboli should receive 4 to 6 weeks of antibiotic therapy before undergoing surgical treatment. In contrast, patients with high-risk organisms are more likely to survive if subjected to early surgical intervention. (Texas Heart Institute Journal 1987; 14:401-410) Images PMID:15227297

  19. Risk factors for treatment failure in surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism: the impact of change in surgical strategy and training procedures.

    PubMed

    Madsen, Anders Rørbæk; Rasmussen, Lars; Godballe, Christian

    2016-06-01

    Surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) has a high cure-rate and few complications. Preoperative localization procedures have permitted a dramatic shift from routine bilateral exploration to focused, minimally invasive procedures. At Odense University Hospital, Denmark, the introduction of focused surgery was combined with training of new surgeons. The objective of this study was to identify possible risk factors for treatment failure with special focus on surgical strategy and training of new surgeons. A 6-year prospective and consecutive series of 567 pHPT patients operated at Odense University hospital, Denmark, was analyzed. A shift in strategy was made in 2006 and at the same time new surgeons started training in parathyroid surgery. Biochemical-, clinical- and follow-up data were analyzed. Overall cure-rate was 90.7 %. Complication rates were 1.1 % for hemorrhage, 1.1 % for wound infection and 0.9 % for recurrent nerve paralysis. The only significant predictor of treatment failure at 6 months was histology of hyperplasia (OR 4.3). Neither the introduction of minimal invasive surgical strategy nor the training of new surgeons had a significant influence on the rate of treatment failures. Hyperplasia is a significant predictor of treatment failure in pHPT surgery. A shift towards systematic preoperative localization with focused surgery as well as training of new surgeons can be done without negative impact on treatment results. Identification of the hyperplasia and multigland patients in need of bilateral cervical exploration is crucial to avoid failures and raise cure rates. PMID:26044404

  20. Treatment of ligament laxity by electrothermal shrinkage or surgical plication: a morphologic and mechanical comparison.

    PubMed

    Hill, Adam M; Jones, Ioan T; Hansen, Ulrich; Suri, Amrita; Sandison, Ann; Moss, Jill; Wallace, Andrew L

    2007-01-01

    Capsular plication or thermal shrinkage can be used to enhance surgical joint stabilization. We compared mechanical or morphologic properties of the medial collateral ligament of the rabbit knee treated by either bipolar radiofrequency electrothermal shrinkage or surgical plication. After 12 weeks, the medial collateral ligaments were procured from treated and contralateral knees to undergo viscoelastic (creep) testing, quantitative transmission electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry. Creep strain in thermal (1.85% +/- 0.32%) and plicated (1.92% +/- 0.36%) ligaments was almost twice that of the control group (1.04% +/- 0.15%), although there was no difference between treatment modalities. The morphologic parameters of all 3 groups were significantly different (P < .001). The thermal ligaments demonstrated predominantly small fibrils, whereas the plicated group displayed an intermediate distribution of heterogeneous fibrils, suggesting a different pattern of remodeling. Viscoelastic properties are similar after thermal shrinkage or plication, though inferior to those of intact ligaments. PMID:17030129

  1. First metatarsophalangeal joint replacement with total arthroplasty in the surgical treatment of the hallux rigidus.

    PubMed

    Valentini, Roberto; De Fabrizio, Giovanni; Piovan, Gianluca

    2014-01-01

    The hallux rigidus, especially in advanced stage, has always been a challenge as regards the surgical treatment. Over the years there have been various surgical techniques proposed with the aim of relieving pain, correcting deformity and maintain a certain degree of movement. For some years we have addressed the problem with the replacement metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty with Reflexion system. As far as our experience we have operated and monitored 25 patients (18 females and 7 males) of mean age 58.1 years, operated with this technique from June 2008 to June 2011. It reached an average ROM of 72° (extension and flexion 45° and 27°) with a good functional recovery in 8 patients, and this articulation was good (50° - 40°) in 12 patients and moderate in 5 with a articular range from 40°- 30°. The clinical results, according to our experience, appear to be favorable, as even patient satisfaction is complete. PMID:25409730

  2. [Gallstone ileus as a cause of acute abdomen. Importance of early diagnosis for surgical treatment].

    PubMed

    Martín-Pérez, Jesica; Delgado-Plasencia, Luciano; Bravo-Gutiérrez, Alberto; Burillo-Putze, Guillermo; Martínez-Riera, Antonio; Alarcó-Hernández, Antonio; Medina-Arana y, Vicente

    2013-10-01

    Gallstone ileus is an uncommon type of mechanical intestinal obstruction caused by an intraluminal gallstone, and preoperative diagnosis is difficult in the Emergency department. This study is a retrospective analysis of the clinical presentation of 5 patients with gallstone ileus treated between 2000-2010. Clinical features, diagnostic testing, and surgical treatment were analyzed. Five patients were included: 2 cases showed bowel obstruction; 2 patients presented a recurrent gallstone ileus with prior surgical intervention; and one patient presented acute peritonitis due to perforation of an ileal diverticula. In all cases CT confirmed the preoperative diagnosis. In our experience, gallstone ileus may present with clinical features other than intestinal obstruction. In suspicious cases CT may be useful to decrease diagnostic delay, which is associated with more complications. PMID:24050832

  3. Application of indocyanine green video angiography in surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Pahl, Felix Hendrik; Oliveira, Matheus Fernandes de; Brock, Roger Schmidt; Lucio, José Erasmo Dal'Col

    2015-07-01

    Indocyanine green (ICG) video angiography has been used for several medical indications in the last decades. It allows a real time evaluation of vascular structures during the surgery. This study describes the surgical results of a senior vascular neurosurgeon. We retrospectively searched our database for all aneurysm cases treated with the aid of intraoperative ICG from 2009 to 2014. A total of 61 aneurysms in 56 patients were surgically clipped using intraoperative ICG. Clip reposition after ICG happened in 2 patients (3.2%). Generally, highly variable clip adjustment rates of 2%-38% following ICG have been reported since the introduction of this imaging technique. The application of ICG in vascular neurosurgery is still an emerging challenge. It is an adjunctive strategy which facilitates aneurismal evaluation and treatment in experienced hands. Nevertheless, a qualified vascular neurosurgeon is still the most important component of a high quality work. PMID:26200056

  4. Surgical excision of the parotid salivary gland for treatment of a traumatic mucocele in a dog.

    PubMed

    Guthrie, Kathleen M; Hardie, Robert J

    2014-01-01

    A 3 yr old spayed female mixed-breed German shepherd dog was presented with a right facial swelling that developed after fighting with another dog. A parotid salivary mucocele was diagnosed via physical examination, fine-needle aspirate, and sialography of the parotid and mandibular salivary glands. Surgical excision of the right parotid salivary gland and duct was performed along with drainage of the mucocele. Neither intraoperative nor postoperative complications occurred, and follow-up examination 4 mo later revealed no evidence of recurrence. Case outcome was considered excellent. Sialography was useful for confirming the parotid gland as the source of the mucocele. Surgical excision of the parotid salivary gland is technically challenging, but an effective treatment option for traumatic mucoceles in the dog. PMID:24659723

  5. Descriptive analysis of and overall survival after surgical treatment of lung metastases*

    PubMed Central

    Poletti, Giana Balestro; Toro, Ivan Felizardo Contrera; Alves, Thais Ferreira; Miranda, Eliana Cristina Martins; Seabra, José Cláudio Teixeira; Mussi, Ricardo Kalaf

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To describe demographic characteristics, surgical results, postoperative complications, and overall survival rates in surgically treated patients with lung metastases. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 119 patients who underwent a total of 154 lung metastasis resections between 1997 and 2011. RESULTS: Among the 119 patients, 68 (57.1%) were male and 108 (90.8%) were White. The median age was 52 years (range, 15-75 years). In this sample, 63 patients (52.9%) presented with comorbidities, the most common being systemic arterial hypertension (69.8%) and diabetes (19.0%). Primary colorectal tumors (47.9%) and musculoskeletal tumors (21.8%) were the main sites of origin of the metastases. Approximately 24% of the patients underwent more than one resection of the lesions, and 71% had adjuvant treatment prior to metastasectomy. The rate of lung metastasis recurrence was 19.3%, and the median disease-free interval was 23 months. The main surgical access used was thoracotomy (78%), and the most common approach was wedge resection with segmentectomy (51%). The rate of postoperative complications was 22%, and perioperative mortality was 1.9%. The overall survival rates at 12, 36, 60, and 120 months were 96%, 77%, 56%, and 39%, respectively. A Cox analysis confirmed that complications within the first 30 postoperative days were associated with poor prognosis (hazard ratio = 1.81; 95% CI: 1.09-3.06; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of lung metastases is safe and effective, with good overall survival, especially in patients with fewer metastases. PMID:24473758

  6. Surgical and Medical Treatment of Pyloric and Duodenal Pythiosis in a Dog.

    PubMed

    Dycus, David Lee; Fisher, Cory; Butler, Ryan

    2015-01-01

    A 5 yr old, male, neutered mixed-breed dog was referred for persistent vomiting 2 wk following a pyloric biopsy for a pyloric outflow obstruction. Histopathology at the time of initial surgery was suggestive of pythiosis. Following referral, the dog underwent radical surgical treatment with a Billroth II procedure, partial pancreatectomy, and cholecystoduodenostomy. Histopathology and serology confirmed the diagnosis of pythiosis and medical treatment consisting of itraconazole and terbinafine was started postoperatively. Serology titers were checked again at 8, 12, and 24 wk postoperatively revealing a positive response to treatment and no reoccurrence of pythiosis. Since surgery, the patient experienced waxing and waning elevations of liver values and laparoscopic liver biopsies 10 mo postoperatively revealed hepatic cirrhosis with fibrosis, bile duct hyperplasia, and chronic inflammation. This report documents successful treatment of pyloric/duodenal pythiosis and the long-term (17 mo) consequences associated with the Billroth II, partial pancreatectomy, and biliary rerouting in the dog. PMID:26535457

  7. A Prospective Randomized Trial of Open Wound Treatment vs Occlusive Dressings in Elective Surgical Cases with Respect to Surgical Site Infections

    PubMed Central

    Grover, Anmol; Sidhu, D S

    2015-01-01

    Background Surgical wounds heal by primary intention in all the elective and emergency surgical procedures. Current practice is to place dressing over the closed wound before the patient leaves the sterile environment of the operating theatre. Dressing is a material applied to protect a wound and favour its healing. However, to leave wound open in direct contact to environment following any procedure by just applying some ointment on it, the so called open wound treatment is still controversial one. In the present study we have compared open wound treatment vs occlusive dressings in elective surgical cases with respect to surgical site infections. Materials and Methods The present study was conducted on 100 patients admitted for elective general surgery after taking written informed consent. Patients were divided randomly in to two equal groups each comprising of 50 patients. In Group A, patients had occlusive dressing till removal of stitches and in Group B, patients wounds were kept exposed to environment after the surgical procedure. Results In present study we observed total 7% of postoperative wounds were infected of all the clean and clean contaminated wounds we studied. In Group A, patients had occlusive dressing and these patients had 8% infection rate whereas in Group B patients, wounds were kept exposed to environment and these patients had 6% infection rate. Conclusion It is hereby concluded that in the elective surgical cases there is no harm in leaving the wounds open postoperatively. This method not only helps in arresting the infective pathology at a lesser stage but also saves surgeon’s time and patient’s money. PMID:26266164

  8. Real time analysis of brain tissue by direct combination of ultrasonic surgical aspiration and sonic spray mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Schäfer, Karl-Christian; Balog, Júlia; Szaniszló, Tamás; Szalay, Dániel; Mezey, Géza; Dénes, Júlia; Bognár, László; Oertel, Matthias; Takáts, Zoltán

    2011-10-15

    Direct combination of cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA) and sonic spray ionization mass spectrometry is presented. A commercially available ultrasonic surgical device was coupled to a Venturi easy ambient sonic-spray ionization (V-EASI) source by directly introducing liquified tissue debris into the Venturi air jet pump. The Venturi air jet pump was found to efficiently nebulize the suspended tissue material for gas phase ion production. The ionization mechanism involving solely pneumatic spraying was associated with that of sonic spray ionization. Positive and negative ionization spectra were obtained from brain and liver samples reflecting the primary application areas of the surgical device. Mass spectra were found to feature predominantly complex lipid-type constituents of tissues in both ion polarity modes. Multiply charged peptide anions were also detected. The influence of instrumental settings was characterized in detail. Venturi pump geometry and flow parameters were found to be critically important in ionization efficiency. Standard solutions of phospholipids and peptides were analyzed in order to test the dynamic range, sensitivity, and suppression effects. The spectra of the intact tissue specimens were found to be highly specific to the histological tissue type. The principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) based data analysis method was developed for real-time tissue identification in a surgical environment. The method has been successfully tested on post-mortem and ex vivo human samples including astrocytomas, meningeomas, metastatic brain tumors, and healthy brain tissue. PMID:21916423

  9. Transient tricuspid valve regurgitation following surgical treatment of cor triatriatum dexter in a dog.

    PubMed

    Chanoit, G; Bublot, I; Viguier, E

    2009-05-01

    Echocardiographically documented tricuspid valve regurgitation appeared immediately after surgical treatment of cor triatriatum dexter in a two-month-old rottweiler. Medical treatment was instituted with benazepril, spironolactone and furosemide. Pimobendan was added after five months, and all treatment was discontinued two months later when clinical signs of ascites and hepatomegaly had resolved and tricuspid valve regurgitation was markedly reduced on echocardiography. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report describing the development and spontaneous improvement of haemodynamically significant tricuspid valve regurgitation following surgical treatment of cor triatriatum dexter in a dog. It is hypothesised that the increase in right atrial volume and pressure following cor triatriatum dexter repair and transient ischaemia of papillary muscles led to dilatation of the right atrioventricular annulus and subsequent severe tricuspid valve regurgitation in the face of an anatomically normal valve. Time and pharmacological preload reduction as well as normalisation of right atrial inflow and subsequent cardiac remodelling substantially reduced tricuspid valve regurgitation and eliminated clinical signs of heart failure. It is also possible that heart recovery has been spontaneous. PMID:19425172

  10. Surgical Treatment of Peri-Implantitis: A 17-Year Follow-Up Clinical Case Report

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present case report was to describe the surgical treatment of a peri-implantitis lesion associated with a regenerative approach. A 48-year-old patient came to authors' attention 36 months after the placement of a dental implant (ITI-Bonefit Straumann, Waldenburg, Switzerland) in position 46. A swelling of the peri-implant soft tissues was observed, associated with bleeding on probing and probing depth > 10 mm. A significant peri-implant bone loss was clearly visible on the periapical radiograph. A nonsurgical periodontal supportive therapy was firstly conducted to reduce the inflammation, followed by the surgical treatment of the defect. After mechanical and chemical decontamination with tetracycline solution, a regenerative approach consisting in the application of deproteinized bovine bone mineral (Bio-Oss, Geistlich Pharma AG, Wolhusen, Switzerland) and a collagen membrane (Bio-Gide, Geistlich Pharma AG, Wolhusen, Switzerland) was performed. An antibiotic therapy was associated with the treatment. The 17-year follow-up showed a physiological probing depth with no clinical signs of peri-implant inflammation and bleeding on probing. No further radiographic bone loss was observed. The treatment described in the present case report seemed to show improved clinical results up to a relevant follow-up period. PMID:26064700

  11. Surgical drainage of primary iliopsoas abscess--safe and cost-effective treatment.

    PubMed

    Afaq, Aamir; Jain, Bhupendra K; Dargan, Puneet; Bhattacharya, Shyamal K; Rauniyar, Raj K; Kukreti, Ranjan

    2002-07-01

    The report evaluates surgical drainage (SD) as a primary treatment of primary iliopsoas abscess (PIA). Seventy-two patients, who underwent SD for PIA at B P Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal were studied. SD was performed through a lower abdominal, extra peritoneel, muscle splitting incision. Ultrasonography was used to diagnose the abscess in 53/54 patients (98%). Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequent organism grown in 45/65 patients (69%). The mean duration of drainage was 3.2 +/- 1.4 days (range, 1-7 days). The treatment was successful in resolving the abscesses in all patients. The mean hospital stay was 9.0 +/- 5.4 days (range, 3-40 days). Two patients (2.8%) developed a recurrence, 10 months and 1 year after the operation, respectively. Another patient developed an incisional hernia. There were no deaths. The average cost of treatment to the patient was approximately Nepali rupees 2800 (US$ 40). Surgical drainage appears to be a cost-effective and safe treatment for PIA. PMID:12139149

  12. Surgical Treatment of Peri-Implantitis: A 17-Year Follow-Up Clinical Case Report.

    PubMed

    Bassi, Fabrizio; Poli, Pier Paolo; Rancitelli, Davide; Signorino, Fabrizio; Maiorana, Carlo

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present case report was to describe the surgical treatment of a peri-implantitis lesion associated with a regenerative approach. A 48-year-old patient came to authors' attention 36 months after the placement of a dental implant (ITI-Bonefit Straumann, Waldenburg, Switzerland) in position 46. A swelling of the peri-implant soft tissues was observed, associated with bleeding on probing and probing depth > 10 mm. A significant peri-implant bone loss was clearly visible on the periapical radiograph. A nonsurgical periodontal supportive therapy was firstly conducted to reduce the inflammation, followed by the surgical treatment of the defect. After mechanical and chemical decontamination with tetracycline solution, a regenerative approach consisting in the application of deproteinized bovine bone mineral (Bio-Oss, Geistlich Pharma AG, Wolhusen, Switzerland) and a collagen membrane (Bio-Gide, Geistlich Pharma AG, Wolhusen, Switzerland) was performed. An antibiotic therapy was associated with the treatment. The 17-year follow-up showed a physiological probing depth with no clinical signs of peri-implant inflammation and bleeding on probing. No further radiographic bone loss was observed. The treatment described in the present case report seemed to show improved clinical results up to a relevant follow-up period. PMID:26064700

  13. COMBINED-SEWER OVERFLOW CONTROL AND TREATMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Combined-sewer overflow (CSO), along with sanitary-sewer overflow and stormwater are significant contributors of contamination to surface waters. During a rain event, the flow in a combined sewer system may exceed the capacity of the intercepting sewer leading to the wastewater t...

  14. Diagnosis and surgical treatment of isolated rectal endometriosis: long term complication of incomplete treatment for pelvic endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Kwack, Jae-Young; You, Seul Ki; Kwon, Yong-Soon

    2016-01-01

    A 40-year-old woman visited our hospital with cyclic hematochezia for four months. The patient had the history of laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy because of severe dysmenorrhea two years ago at another tertiary hospital. According to the medical records, the past surgical treatment was incomplete excision of pelvic endometriotic lesions, especially in rectal serosal lesions. A colonoscopy and abdominopelvic computed tomography showed an isolated tumor mimicking neoplasm, in which a biopsy under colonoscopy was performed and the lesion was endometriosis pathologically. Laparoscopic anterior resection (LAR) was performed. There were no complications during intraoperative and postoperative period and the patient was discharged 7 days after the LAR. It is important for reducing of long-term complication like rectal endometriosis that complete and safe excision of pelvic endometriosis with expert surgical strategy. PMID:27375735

  15. Diagnosis and surgical treatment of isolated rectal endometriosis: long term complication of incomplete treatment for pelvic endometriosis

    PubMed Central

    Kwack, Jae-Young; You, Seul Ki; Kwon, Yong-Soon

    2016-01-01

    A 40-year-old woman visited our hospital with cyclic hematochezia for four months. The patient had the history of laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy because of severe dysmenorrhea two years ago at another tertiary hospital. According to the medical records, the past surgical treatment was incomplete excision of pelvic endometriotic lesions, especially in rectal serosal lesions. A colonoscopy and abdominopelvic computed tomography showed an isolated tumor mimicking neoplasm, in which a biopsy under colonoscopy was performed and the lesion was endometriosis pathologically. Laparoscopic anterior resection (LAR) was performed. There were no complications during intraoperative and postoperative period and the patient was discharged 7 days after the LAR. It is important for reducing of long-term complication like rectal endometriosis that complete and safe excision of pelvic endometriosis with expert surgical strategy. PMID:27375735

  16. New Combinational Method for Noninvasive Treatments of Superficial Tissues for Body Aesthetics Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rybyanets, A. N.; Naumenko, A. A.

    The paper introduces an innovative combinational treatment method based on ultrasonic standing waves (USW) technology for noninvasive surgical, therapeutic, lypolitic or cosmetic treatment of tissues including subcutaneous adipose tissue, cellulite or skin on arbitrary body part of patient. The method is based on simultaneous or successive applying of constructively interfering physically and biologically sensed influences: USW, ultrasonic shear waves, radio-frequency (RF) heating, and vacuum massage. The paper provides basic physical principles of USW as well as critical comparison of USW and HIFU methods. The results of finite-elements and finite- difference modeling of USW transducer design and nodal pattern structure in tissue are presented. Biological effects of USW-tissue interaction and synergetic aspects of USW and RF combination are explored. Combinational treatment transducer designs and original in-vitro experiments on tissues are described.

  17. Nonsurgical or Surgical Treatment of ACL Injuries: Knee Function, Sports Participation, and Knee Reinjury

    PubMed Central

    Grindem, Hege; Eitzen, Ingrid; Engebretsen, Lars; Snyder-Mackler, Lynn; Risberg, May Arna

    2014-01-01

    Background: While there are many opinions about the expected knee function, sports participation, and risk of knee reinjury following nonsurgical treatment of injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), there is a lack of knowledge about the clinical course following nonsurgical treatment compared with that after surgical treatment. Methods: This prospective cohort study included 143 patients with an ACL injury. Isokinetic knee extension and flexion strength and patient-reported knee function as recorded on the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) 2000 form were collected at baseline, six weeks, and two years. Sports participation was reported monthly for two years with use of an online activity survey. Knee reinjuries were reported at the follow-up evaluations and in a monthly online survey. Repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA), generalized estimating equation (GEE) models, and Cox regression analysis were used to analyze group differences in functional outcomes, sports participation, and knee reinjuries, respectively. Results: The surgically treated patients (n = 100) were significantly younger, more likely to participate in level-I sports, and less likely to participate in level-II sports prior to injury than the nonsurgically treated patients (n = 43). There were no significant group-by-time effects on functional outcome. The crude analysis showed that surgically treated patients were more likely to sustain a knee reinjury and to participate in level-I sports in the second year of the follow-up period. After propensity score adjustment, these differences were nonsignificant; however, the nonsurgically treated patients were significantly more likely to participate in level-II sports during the first year of the follow-up period and in level-III sports over the two years. After two years, 30% of all patients had an extensor strength deficit, 31% had a flexor strength deficit, 20% had patient-reported knee function below the normal range, and

  18. Palliative combined treatment for unresectable cutaneous basosquamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

    PubMed

    Deganello, A; Gitti, G; Struijs, B; Paiar, F; Gallo, O

    2013-10-01

    A case is presented of a patient with a skin basosquamous cell carcinoma of the frontal region infiltrating the cerebral tissue and with a widespread unresectable regional metastatic ulceration of the left parotid region. The patient underwent combined palliative treatment: surgical coverage of the ulceration by means of a pectoralis mayor flap transposition and radiotherapy. After 18 months of follow-up, no signs of tumour progression were noted, the patient is currently free from pain, no increase in trismus was seen, and a slight gain in weight was recorded. Unresectable cancer is mainly treated by concurrent chemoradiation; radiotherapy, however, is contraindicated in deep neoplastic ulcerations with exposure of large vessels. The data reported suggest that surgical coverage of an unresectable neoplastic ulcer is feasible, and combined with early administration of radiation permits a palliative approach in an otherwise untreatable condition. PMID:24227904

  19. Changes in patient's quality of life comparing conservative and surgical treatment of venous leg ulcers.

    PubMed

    Jankūnas, Vytautas; Rimdeika, Rytis; Jasenas, Marius; Samsanavicius, Donatas

    2004-01-01

    Leg ulcers of different etiology disable up to 1% of total population, and up to 15% individuals over 70 years old. It is an old disease, which troubles the patients and medical personnel and is hard to cure. It might take several years to cure the ulcer fully. Most of the patients with leg ulcers are being treated at home, not in the outpatient departments or hospitals; therefore there is not much information on how the ulcer affects the patient's everyday life and its quality. The researchers often analyze only the financial part of this disorder forgetting its human part: pain, social isolation, and decreased mobility. There are many questionnaires and methods to analyze the quality of life of the patients with leg ulceration. It is often unclear if we should treat the ulcer conservatively for a long time or if part of resources should be used for operation (skin grafting) and the time of treatment should be shortened. To see the advantage of both methods and the influence of the ulcer treatment to the quality of life we decided to estimate the functionality of surgical and conservative treatment. We have analyzed the case histories and the data of special questionnaires of 44 patients, which were treated in Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns of Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital in the period of 2001 January-2004 February and had large trophic leg ulcers (m=254 cm2) for 6 months or more. Ten patients were treated conservatively and 34 patients were treated by skin grafting. All of them were interviewed after 3-6 months. We found that the pain in the place of the ulcers has decreased for the patients, who were treated surgically. By making the differences of the pain more exact we found out, that the patients have been feeling pain before the operation and when interviewing them the second time they told that they felt discomfort, not pain. The intensity of pain remained the same for the patients treated conservatively. The regression of pain also

  20. [Surgical treatment of a patient with giant false aneurysm of xenopericardial conduit of the ascending aorta].

    PubMed

    Charchian, É R; Skvortsov, A A

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with a clinical case report concerning successful secondary surgical intervention for a giant pseudoaneurysm of the xenopericardial conduit of the ascending aorta in a patient with type A chronic aortic dissection, with a history previously endured prosthetic repair of the ascending aorta and aortic valve for acute dissection. The patient underwent was subjected to repeat prosthetic repair of the aortic valve and ascending aorta according to the Cabrol's technique. The postoperative period was uneventful. The function of the aortic valve prosthesis after surgery was satisfactory. The control multispiral computed tomography showed that reconstruction zone was without deformities, with the ostia of coronary arteries patent. On day 15 postoperatively the patient was discharged from hospital to undergo rehabilitation with recommendations concerning the subsequent stage of surgical treatment. The conclusion was drawn that despite life-threatening disease and an extensive scope of reconstruction correctly chosen surgical policy makes it possible to adequately carry out the necessary operation with a good outcome. PMID:25757183

  1. Evaluation of surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome using local anesthesia☆

    PubMed Central

    Barros, Marco Felipe Francisco Honorato; da Rocha Luz Júnior, Aurimar; Roncaglio, Bruno; Queiróz Júnior, Célio Pinheiro; Tribst, Marcelo Fernandes

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the results and complications from surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome by means of an open route, using a local anesthesia technique comprising use of a solution of lidocaine, epinephrine and sodium bicarbonate. Material and methods This was a cohort study conducted through evaluating the medical files of 16 patients who underwent open surgery to treat carpal tunnel syndrome, with use of local anesthesia consisting of 20 mL of 1% lidocaine, adrenaline at 1:100,000 and 2 mL of sodium bicarbonate. The DASH scores before the operation and six months after the operation were evaluated. Comparisons were made regarding the intensity of pain at the time of applying the anesthetic and during the surgical procedure, and in relation to other types of procedure. Results The DASH score improved from 65.17 to 16.53 six months after the operation (p < 0.01). In relation to the anesthesia, 75% of the patients reported that this technique was better than or the same as venous puncture and 81% reported that it was better than a dental procedure. Intraoperative pain occurred in two cases. There were no occurrences of ischemia. Conclusion Use of local anesthesia for surgically treating carpal tunnel syndrome is effective for performing the procedure and for the final result. PMID:26962490

  2. Ultrasound-guided surgical treatment for ulnar nerve entrapment: a cadaver study.

    PubMed

    Poujade, T; Hanouz, N; Lecoq, B; Hulet, C; Collon, S

    2014-09-01

    Several open and endoscopic techniques for the surgical treatment of ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow (cubital tunnel syndrome) have been described that provide decompression with or without anterior transposition. Based on our experience with US-guided decompression for carpal tunnel syndrome in our department, we developed a similar surgical technique for the decompression of the ulnar nerve at the elbow. Using sixteen cadaver upper limbs, we performed decompression of all the structures possibly responsible for ulnar nerve compression at the elbow. The structures involved were Struthers' arcade, the cubital tunnel retinaculum, Osborne's fascia and Amadio-Beckenbaugh's arcade. The procedure was followed by anatomical dissection to confirm complete sectioning of the compressive structures, absence of iatrogenic vascular or nervous injuries and absence of nerve dislocation or instability. There were no remaining compressive structures after the release procedure. There was no iatrogenic damage to the nerves and no nerve dislocation was observed during elbow flexion or extension. In 3.4% cases, a thin superficial layer of one or more of the identified structures remained but these did not appear to compress the nerve based on US imaging. Using ultrasonographic visualization of the nerve and compressive structures is easy. Each procedure can be tailored according to the nerve compression sites. Our cadaveric study shows the feasibility of an US-guided percutaneous surgical release for ulnar nerve entrapment. PMID:24981578

  3. Clinical Outcomes of Surgical Treatments for Traumatic Spinal Injuries due to Snowboarding

    PubMed Central

    Masuda, Takahiro; Wakahara, Kazuhiko; Matsumoto, Kazu; Hioki, Akira; Shimokawa, Tetsuya; Shimizu, Katsuji; Ogura, Shinji; Akiyama, Haruhiko

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Retrospective study. Purpose To assess treatment outcomes of snowboarding-related spinal and spinal cord injuries. Overview of Literature Snowboarding-related spinal or spinal cord injury have a great impact on social and sporting activities. Methods A retrospective review of 19 cases of surgically treated snowboard-related injury was done. Analyzed parameters included site of injury, type of fracture, peri- and postoperative complications, pre- and postoperative neurological status, activities of daily living, and participation in sports activities at the final follow-up. Results The major site of injury was the thoracolumbar junction caused by fracture-dislocation (13/19 cases). The remaining 6 cases had cervical spine injuries. Over 60% of the patients had Frankel A and B paralysis. All patients were surgically treated by posterior fusion with instrumentation. Five underwent additional anterior fusion. Surgical outcome was restoration of ambulatory capacity in 12 patients (63.2%). Ultimately, 15 patients (78.9%) could return to work. Patients with complete paralysis upon admission showed reduced ambulatory capacity compared to those with incomplete paralysis. None of the patients again participated in any sports activities, including snowboarding. Conclusions Snowboarding-related spinal or spinal cord injury has a great impact on social as well as sports activities. It is necessary to enhance promotion of injury prevention emphasizing the snowboarders' responsibility code. PMID:25705340

  4. Surgical treatment of pulsatile tinnitus caused by the sigmoid sinus diverticulum: a preliminary study.

    PubMed

    Wang, Guo-Peng; Zeng, Rong; Ma, Xiao-Bo; Liu, Zhao-Hui; Wang, Zhen-Chang; Gong, Shu-Sheng

    2015-05-01

    The sigmoid sinus diverticulum (SSD) is an increasingly recognized cause of pulsatile tinnitus (PT). Surgical reconstruction of the sigmoid sinus wall has been found to be highly effective for SSD; however, surgical techniques still need to be refined to reduce the incidence of serious postoperative complications. Moreover, scrutinizing more cases of SSD is desirable for establishing the diagnostic criteria and standardizing the surgical technique. This study was retrospectively undertaken in 28 patients who were diagnosed with SSD upon computed tomography angiography (CTA) and digital subtraction angiography findings at Beijing Tongren Hospital in China. A majority of patients (20/28) presented with SSD and accompanying sigmoid sinus wall dehiscence (SSWD). Twenty-five patients opted to undergo sigmoid sinus wall reconstruction, and 3 patients refused surgery. Following surgery, 17 patients experienced complete resolution of PT, 3 patients experienced partial resolution, and 5 patients experienced no change in PT. No serious complications were found postoperatively. A comparative analysis of the preoperative and postoperative CTA findings suggested that completely resolving SSD and the accompanying SSWD resulted in the elimination of PT. In conclusion, SSD is generally accompanied by SSWD. Sigmoid sinus wall reconstruction is a safe and effective approach for the treatment of SSD. During surgery, completely resolving both SSD and SSWD is advisable, and maintaining the normal diameter of the sigmoid sinus is imperative. PMID:26020395

  5. Novel Combination Treatments in Multiple Myeloma.

    PubMed

    Nooka, Ajay K; Lonial, Sagar

    2016-05-01

    The last decade has witnessed the identification of several novel druggable targets in multiple myeloma, leading to identification of novel therapies with clinically proven efficacy, both in the newly diagnosed and relapsed setting. More importantly, a common theme of good outcomes was observed among prospective randomized studies that have utilized combinations of agents with different mechanisms of action. The correlation between achieving a deeper response and the improvement in progression-free survival and overall survival has never been so clear. In this article, we elucidate the rationale for use of novel drug combinations in patients with myeloma, and review current evidence-based data supporting the use of specific combinations in various settings. We also attempt to craft a framework to guide clinicians in optimizing the use of combination therapies, to enable patients to derive maximal benefit. PMID:27188677

  6. Combined experimental and computational investigation of sterile air flows in surgical environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McNeill, James; Hertzberg, Jean; Zhai, Zhiqiang

    2010-11-01

    Surgical environments in hospitals utilize downward, low-turbulence, sterile air flow across the patient to inhibit transmission of infectious diseases to the surgical site. Full-scale laboratory experiments using particle image velocimetry were conducted to investigate the air distribution above the patient area. Computational fluid dynamics models were developed to further investigate the air distribution within the operating room in order to determine the impact of ventilation design of airborne infectious disease pathways. Both Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations and large eddy simulation techniques are currently being used in the computational modeling to study the effect of turbulence modeling on the indoor air distribution. CFD models are being calibrated based on the experimental data and will be used to study the probability of infectious particles entering the sterile region of the room.

  7. Outcomes following surgical treatment of periprosthetic femur fractures: a single centre series

    PubMed Central

    Holder, Natasha; Papp, Steve; Gofton, Wade; Beaulé, Paul E.

    2014-01-01

    Background Periprosthetic femoral fracture after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an increasing clinical problem and a challenging complication to treat surgically. The aim of this retrospective study was to review the treatment of periprosthetic fractures and the complication rate associated with treatment at our institution. Methods We reviewed the cases of patients with periprosthetic femoral fractures treated between January 2004 and June 2009. We used the Vancouver classification to assess fracture types, and we identified the surgical interventions used for these fracture types and the associated complications. Results We treated 45 patients with periprosthetic femoral fractures during the study period (15 men, 30 women, mean age 78 yr). Based on Vancouver classification, 2 patients had AL fractures, 9 had AG, 15 had B1, 24 had B2, 2 had B3 and 4 had C fractures. Overall, 82% of fractures united with a mean time to union of 15 (range 2–64) months. Fourteen patients (31%) had complications; 11 of them had a reoperation: 6 to treat an infection, 6 for nonunion and 2 for aseptic femoral component loosening. Conclusion Periprosthetic fractures are difficult to manage. Careful preoperative planning and appropriate intraoperative management in the hands of experienced surgeons may increase the chances of successful treatment. However, patients should be counselled on the high risk of complications when presenting with this problem. PMID:24869614

  8. [Surgical treatment of respiratory failure in young patients with diffuse lung emphysema].

    PubMed

    Gorbunkov, S D; Chernyĭ, S M; Akopov, A L; Varlamov, V V; Lukina, O V; Kiriukhina, L D; Agishev, A S; Gembitskaia, T E

    2012-01-01

    An analysis of results of examination and treatment of 8 young patients (from 25 to 17 years of age) with generalized emphysema of the lungs, pulmonary failure of the II and III degrees was made. The functional examination of the patients before operation has revealed changed respiration by obstructive type. Symptoms of dysplasia of the connective tissue were found in 4 patients. Surgical reduction of the lung volume was performed in 5 patients for correction of respiratory failure. There were neither serious complications nor lethality. Dyspnea by MMRC scale decreased in all the patients at minimum by 1 point during the first months after operation. Three years later 4 out of the operated patients (80%) had retained positive effect of operation. In patients who had no operative treatment the frequency of infectious complications, level of dyspnea during three years of follow-up remained at the same level, while functional indices continued worsening. The surgical method of treatment of severe respiratory failure allowed tolerance of physical exercise to be increased and quality of life of patients with diffuse lung emphysema to be improved. PMID:23488258

  9. SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT IN A GROUP THAT PERFORMS SQUATS

    PubMed Central

    Polesello, Giancarlo Cavalli; Cinagawa, Eduardo Hitoshi Tsuge; Cruz, Paulo Daniel Sousa Santa; de Queiroz, Marcelo Cavalheiro; Borges, Cristian Jandrey; Junior, Walter Ricioli; Daniachi, Daniel; Guimarães, Rodrigo Pereira; Honda, Emerson Kiyoshi; Ono, Nelson Keiske

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Describe the results from arthroscopic surgical treatment on a group of patients who developed symptoms after repetitive physical activity of moving their hips in a position of hyperflexion, as in leg presses and squats. Methods: The study group comprised 47 individuals (48 hips) who developed the onset of painful symptoms associated with hip hyperflexion exercises (leg presses or squats) and underwent arthroscopic treatment. The patients were evaluated radiographically and clinically according to the “Harris Hip Score", as modified by Byrd (MHHS), pre and postoperatively, and were asked about their return to sports activities and the surgical findings. Results: The mean preoperative and postoperative MHHS, respectively, were 60 points (SD 11.0, range 38.5 to 92.4) and 95.9 points (SD 7.7, range 63.8 to 100), with an increase of 35.9 points (P < 0.001). Regarding physical activity, 30 individuals (71.5%) resumed sports activities after surgery, and 25 of them (83.4%) at the previous level. Six patients (12.8%) did not resume activities because of persistent pain. During arthroscopy, 48 hips (100%) presented lesions of the acetabular labrum, and 41 hips (85.4%) had acetabular chondral lesions. Conclusion: The patients with painful symptoms after hip hyperflexion exercises associated with femoroacetabular impingement presented improvements after arthroscopic treatment. PMID:27047856

  10. Radical surgical treatment for recurrent giant fusiform thrombosed vertebral artery aneurysm previously coiled

    PubMed Central

    J-O’Shanahan, Aruma; Noda, Kosumo; Tsuboi, Toshiyuki; Ota, Nakao; Kamiyama, Hiroyasu; Tokuda, Sadahisa; Tanikawa, Rokuya

    2016-01-01

    Background: Fusiform aneurysms are rare (<1%) and the underlying pathophysiology is not well known. Endovascular coiling is the standard of treatment; however, a surgical procedure with vascular reconstruction by excluding the pathological segment of the vessel and restoring the blood flow, seems to be the most effective and definitive treatment. Case Description: We report a patient who presented a fusiform vertebral artery aneurysm previously coiled which developed a giant enlargement and a new contralateral fusiform aneurysm. Hemodynamic changes resulting in the formation of contralateral aneurysm might be the result of aneurysm occlusion without revascularization. In addition, continued blood flow to the aneurysmal wall through the vasa vasorum might result in aneurysm recanalization or regrowth. In order to account for these possible sources of complications, we performed a vascular reconstruction with high and low flow bypasses after trapping the aneurysm. Conclusions: We hypothesize that, in this and similar cases, surgical vascular reconstruction should be the first and definitive treatment under experienced cerebrovascular surgeons. PMID:27127714

  11. Surgical treatment of haemorrhoidal disease – the current situation in Poland

    PubMed Central

    Dziki, Lukasz; Trzcinski, Radzislaw; Buczynski, Jaroslaw; Kreisel, Anna; Skoneczny, Mariusz; Dziki, Adam

    2016-01-01

    Introduction In cases of haemorrhoidal disease resistant to conservative treatment, surgical treatment is necessary to relieve the symptoms. Aim To investigate the current methods used by Polish surgeons. Material and methods Surveys were distributed to members of the Association of Polish Surgeons (APS), in which participants were asked a number of closed-ended questions regarding haemorrhoidal disease and the way they treated suffering patients Results Out of the 1523 members of APS who received questionnaires, responses were received from 807 (52.9%) members. The Milligan-Morgan technique was indicated by 72.5% of surgeons as a leading surgical treatment, followed by Ligasure (15.5%), Ferguson (3.5%), DGHL (3.5%), other methods (3.5%), Parks (1.7%), and Longo (0%). The majority of participants (93%) indicated from 0 to 1 life threatening complications, 5% – from 2 to 3, and 2% > 4. A total of 83% of participants use a single dose of antibiotics prior to surgery. Conclusions The Milligan-Morgan technique is the preferred method. The majority of procedures are performed in regional hospitals and university departments, and less commonly in private practices. The vast majority of surgeons in Poland are not convinced about the stapler technique, justifying this fact with the possibility of developing serious complications PMID:27350838

  12. Management of posttraumatic kyphosis: surgical technique to facilitate a combined approach.

    PubMed

    Marré, Bartolomé

    2005-07-01

    This report describes a variation of the "posterior-anterior-posterior" surgical techniques to correct posttraumatic kyphosis of the thoracic and lumbar spine with the USS internal fixator. This modification is based on the use of "temporary screws" to mark the entrance of the pedicles in the first stage of the operation (posterior approach, with the patient in prone position). Approaching both columns of the spine simultaneously facilitates correction of the kyphotic defect and permits 360 reconstruction of the spine. PMID:15993120

  13. Surgical treatment of odontogenic myxoma and facial deformity in the same procedure

    PubMed Central

    Mayrink, Gabriela; Luna, Anibal Henrique Barbosa; Olate, Sergio; Asprino, Luciana; De Moraes, Marcio

    2013-01-01

    Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is an uncommon benign tumor with aggressive and invasive behavior. Predominant symptoms are usually slow and painless swelling, sometimes resulting in perforation of the cortical borders of the affected bone. In this paper, a case report of a patient with an OM on the right maxillary sinus and a vertical excess of maxilla will be presented. The treatment chosen was tumor resection in association with orthognathic surgery with biomodels assessment for surgical planning. A 3-year follow-up showed disease free and stability of the new position of maxilla. The international literature is evaluated to discuss this case report. PMID:24124313

  14. Optimization of the extent of surgical treatment in patients with stage I in cervical cancer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chernyshova, A. L.; Kolomiets, L. A.; Sinilkin, I. G.; Chernov, V. I.; Lyapunov, A. Yu.

    2016-08-01

    The study included 26 patients with FIGO stage Ia1-Ib1 cervical cancer who underwent fertility-sparing surgery (transabdominaltrachelectomy). To visualize sentinel lymph nodes, lymphoscintigraphy with injection of 99mTc-labelled nanocolloid was performed the day before surgery. Intraoperative identification of sentinel lymph nodes using hand-held gamma probe was carried out to determine the radioactive counts over the draining lymph node basin. The sentinel lymph node detection in cervical cancer patients contributes to the accurate clinical assessment of the pelvic lymph node status, precise staging of the disease and tailoring of surgical treatment to individual patient.

  15. Treatment of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor/Pindborg tumor by a conservative surgical method

    PubMed Central

    Vigneswaran, T.; Naveena, R.

    2015-01-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) also known as Pindborg tumor is a rare odontogenic epithelial neoplasm. So far nearly 200 cases have been reported in literature. We are reporting a case of CEOT in a 42-year-old male patient with painless bony swelling in the mandible. Approximately, 50% of the cases are associated with an unerupted tooth or odontome, but was not so with our case. Considering the intrabony mandibular location of the lesion and its limited size, we opted for a more conservative surgery. The clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features and the surgical treatment done are discussed with relevant references. PMID:26015736

  16. Return to sport after surgical treatment for pubalgia among professional soccer players☆☆☆

    PubMed Central

    de Queiroz, Roberto Dantas; de Carvalho, Rogério Teixeira; de Queiroz Szeles, Paulo Roberto; Janovsky, César; Cohen, Moisés

    2014-01-01

    Objective to evaluate the return to sport after surgical treatment for pubalgia among 30 professional soccer players and describe the surgical technique used. Method this case series was evaluated by means of a questionnaire and physical examination on 30 male professional soccer players of mean age 24.4 years (range: 18–30). The mean duration of the symptoms was 18.6 months (range: 13–28). The diagnosis was made through clinical investigation, special maneuvers and complementary examinations, by the same examiner. All the patients underwent surgical treatment after conservative treatment failed; all procedures were performed by the same surgeon using the same technique. Nonparametric comparisons were made to investigate the time taken to recover after the surgery, for the patients to return to their sport. Results five patients evolved with hematoma, with the need to remove the stitches three weeks after the operation because of a small dehiscence at the site of the operative wound. The wound healed completely in all these cases by five weeks after the surgery. Four patients presented dysuria in the first week, but improved in the second postoperative week. The mean time taken to return to training was around eight weeks (range: seven–nine). All the players returned to competitive soccer practice within 16 weeks. When asked about their degree of satisfaction after the operation (satisfied or dissatisfied), taking into consideration their return to the sport, there was 100% satisfaction, and they returned to professional practice at the same competitive level as before the injury. This degree of satisfaction continued to the last assessment, which was made after 36 months of postoperative follow-up. Conclusion the surgical technique presented in this case series, with trapezoidal resection of the pubic symphysis in association with bilateral partial tenotomy of the long adductor, was a fast and effective procedure with a low rate of postoperative

  17. Assessment and Surgical Treatment of Calcinosis of the Shoulder Associated with CREST Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Breusch, S. J.

    2016-01-01

    We report an unusual case of a 65-year-old lady with CREST syndrome with multiple upper and lower limb calcinosis, who presented with severe shoulder pain and stiffness, with widespread intra- and extra-articular calcinosis, which was refractory to conservative measures. We were able to identify the main cause of her symptoms through serial diagnostic injections as calcific biceps tendinosis. We will discuss her assessment and surgical management and the pathophysiology and various treatment modalities for managing the soft tissue calcinosis in rheumatological diseases. PMID:27437158

  18. Surgical treatment of equine colic - a retrospective study of 297 surgeries in Norway 2005–2011

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Colic, defined as pain originating from the abdomen, is a common condition in horses. Most of the cases resolve spontaneously or after medical treatment, but a few require surgical treatment. Surgical treatment of colic in horses is resource-demanding and expensive, and information on prognosis is therefore important for both owners and surgeons. In the present study, surgical cases in two equine hospitals in Norway between 2005 and 2011 were reviewed. The aim of the study was to describe associations between prognostic indicators, diagnoses and short term survival by use of random effects logistic regression. Results In the present study, 162 out of 297 (54.5%) surgeries resulted in the horse being discharged from the hospital. Excluding cases euthanized during surgery, the overall short-term survival was 74.0% (162 out of 219 surgeries). Seventy-eight (26.3%) of the horses were euthanized during surgery, due to grave or poor prognosis. In univariable analyses, duration of colic signs, heart rate, capillary refill time, mucosal membrane appearance, intestinal sounds, affected gastrointestinal segment, hematocrit, intestinal resection, hospital and surgeon board-certification had P-value <0.20 and were assessed in multivariable analyses. Respiration rate, rectal temperature and lactate in blood also had univariable P <0.20, but were left out from multivariable analyses due to too high levels of missing values. A random effect of primary surgeon was included and breed, sex and age were tested in multivariable analyses as possible confounders; and hospital was included to control for hospital routine differences. In the final multivariable model the variables mucosal membrane appearance, affected gastrointestinal segment and surgeon board-certification significantly influenced survival. The random surgeon effect was not significant. Conclusions The present study showed that prognostic parameters and diagnoses of surgical treatment of horses with colic in

  19. [THE PLACE OF PANCREATICODUODENAL RESECTION IN SURGICAL TREATMENT OF COMPLICATED FORMS OF CHRONIC PANCREATITIS].

    PubMed

    Pylypchuk, V I; Shevchuk, I M; Yavorskiy, A M; Dyriv, O L

    2015-11-01

    Results of surgical treatment of 120 patients, suffering complicated forms of chronic pancreatitis, were analyzed. In 5 patients pancreaticoduodenal resection in accordance to Whipple method have constituted the operation of choice. The indications for operation were: impossibility to exclude completely the malignant process inside pancreatic head; enhancement of the pancreatic head, causing duodenal, common biliary duct and the pancreatoduodenal zone vessels compression; cystic changes of pancreatic head with several episodes of hemorrhage inside the cyst and duodenum. The immediate, short-term and intermediate results of the operation were estimated as good and satisfactory. PMID:26939425

  20. [Primitive psoas abscess in children; diagnostic difficulties and non surgical treatment: apropos of 2 cases].

    PubMed

    Doumbouya, N; N'Goan-Domoua, A M; Aguehounde, C; De Silva-Anoma, S; Roux, C

    1998-01-01

    From an analysis of two files of children carriers of primitive psoas abscess, the authors report the difficulties of diagnosis due to the rarity of this affection and the similarities of its symptomatology with ostearthritis of the hip which is a common pathology at the pediatric surgery unit of C.H.U. Yopougon (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire). A non surgical treatment made of antibiotherapy and traction fixed in the axis of the limb is proposed, since it helped the two patients who had presented an echographical stage II of psoas abcess to recover without after-effects. PMID:9642471