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1

Antibody to porcine parvovirus in warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus).  

PubMed

Haemagglutination inhibiting antibody to porcine parvovirus was shown to be widespread in all but one of the warthog populations sampled from South Africa and Zimbabwe Rhodesia. In some instances titres as high as greater than or equal to 1/20 000 were detected. PMID:7454234

Thomson, G R; Peenze, I

1980-03-01

2

DIET OF THE COMMON WARTHOG (PHACOCHOERUS AFRICANUS) ON FORMER  

E-print Network

Zentrum, LFW B 56, 8092 Zu¨rich, Switzerland (MK) In otherwise nutrient-poor savannas, fertile vegetation approximately 4 times as much nitrogen and phosphorus as those of the surrounding vegetation. d15 N values) is a medium- sized, nonmigratory ungulate. It is a hindgut fermenter with significant microbial fermentation

Gilli, Adrian

3

Parasites of South African wildlife. XIX. The prevalence of helminths in some common antelopes, warthogs and a bushpig in the Limpopo province, South Africa.  

PubMed

Little work has been conducted on the helminth parasites of artiodactylids in the northern and western parts of the Limpopo province, which is considerably drier than the rest of the province. The aim of this study was to determine the kinds and numbers of helminth that occur in different wildlife hosts in the area as well as whether any zoonotic helminths were present. Ten impalas (Aepyceros melampus), eight kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), four blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), two black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou), three gemsbok (Oryx gazella), one nyala (Tragelaphus angasii), one bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus), one waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), six warthogs (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) and a single bushpig (Potamochoerus porcus) were sampled from various localities in the semi-arid northern and western areas of the Limpopo province. New host-parasite associations included Trichostrongylus deflexus from blue wildebeest, Agriostomum gorgonis from black wildebeest, Stilesia globipunctata from the waterbuck and Fasciola hepatica in a kudu. The mean helminth burden, including extra-gastrointestinal helminths, was 592 in impalas, 407 in kudus and blue wildebeest, 588 in black wildebeest, 184 in gemsbok, and 2150 in the waterbuck. Excluding Probstmayria vivipara, the mean helminth burden in warthogs was 2228 and the total nematode burden in the bushpig was 80. The total burdens and species richness of the helminths in this study were consistently low when compared with similar studies on the same species in areas with higher rainfall. This has practical implications when animals are translocated to areas with higher rainfall and higher prevalence of helminths. PMID:23327219

Van Wyk, Ilana C; Boomker, Joop

2011-01-01

4

Attempted artificaial infection or impala, blue wildebeest, buffalo, kudu, giraffe and warthog with heartwater.  

PubMed

Intravenous injection of Cowdria ruminantium infected blood produced no sings of disease in four impala, Aepyceros melampus; three blue wildebeest, Connochaetes taurinus; a buffalo, Syncerus caffer; a kudu, Tragelaphus strepsiceros; a giraffe. Giraffa camelopardalis and a warthog, Phacochoerus aethiopicus. a control sheep injected with the same blood reacted severely and showed typical lesions of heartwater at autopsy. PMID:994140

Gradwell, D V; Van Niekerk, C A; Joubert, D C

1976-09-01

5

Common Wart  

MedlinePLUS

newsletter | contact Share | Common Wart A parent's guide to condition and treatment information A A A This image displays a large wart on ... over 100 types of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Common warts are usually found on areas of the ...

6

Common Cold  

MedlinePLUS

... nose, coughing - everyone knows the symptoms of the common cold. It is probably the most common illness. In the course of a year, people ... avoid colds. There is no cure for the common cold. For relief, try Getting plenty of rest ...

7

Clays, common  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of a special section on the state of industrial minerals in 1997. The state of the common clay industry worldwide for 1997 is discussed. Sales of common clay in the U.S. increased from 26.2 Mt in 1996 to an estimated 26.5 Mt in 1997. The amount of common clay and shale used to produce structural clay products in 1997 was estimated at 13.8 Mt.

Virta, R.L.

1998-01-01

8

Common Wart  

MedlinePLUS

newsletter | contact Share | Common Wart Information for adults A A A This image displays an unusual "horseshoe-shaped" wart on chin. Overview Warts ... over 100 types of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Common warts are usually found on areas of the ...

9

Common cold  

MedlinePLUS

... and before eating and preparing food. Disinfect your environment. Clean commonly touched surfaces (such as sink handles, ... system work properly. Eat yogurt that contains "active cultures." These may help prevent colds. Probiotics may help ...

10

Common Cold  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site provides comprehensive information, selected by medical doctors, about the common cold. "The goal is to provide a framework for critical thinking which will allow informed decisions about medical care for the common cold." The section entitled Understanding Colds gives a detailed overview of how the cold virus invades the human body and how cold symptoms are caused. Information about preventing colds, and some of the complications that can occur are also included. The Special Features section includes one of the most interesting parts of the site -- Myths of the Common Cold. This site should be interesting to almost anyone, but perhaps more so for those of us who have recently had a cold.

1999-01-01

11

Making the Common Good Common  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How are independent schools to be useful to the wider world? Beyond their common commitment to educate their students for meaningful lives in service of the greater good, can they educate a broader constituency and, thus, share their resources and skills more broadly? Their answers to this question will be shaped by their independence. Any…

Chase, Barbara

2011-01-01

12

Common Conditions in Newborns  

MedlinePLUS

... Baby > Common Conditions in Newborns Ages & Stages Listen Common Conditions in Newborns Article Body Some physical conditions are especially common during the first couple of weeks after birth. ...

13

REVISITING COMMONS – ARE COMMON PROPERTY REGIMES IRRATIONAL?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper revisits the debate about communal management of natural resources and brings together various issues confronting it. Much of the criticism against common property regimes stems from an incorrect modeling of a common property situation, and misunderstandings about the terms and their wrong usage. Models of collective action (Hardin’s tragedy of the Commons, Olson’s Logic of Collective Action, and

Lubna Hasan

2002-01-01

14

Common Career Technical Core: Common Standards, Common Vision for CTE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the National Association of State Directors of Career Technical Education Consortium's (NASDCTEc) Common Career Technical Core (CCTC), a state-led initiative that was created to ensure that career and technical education (CTE) programs are consistent and high quality across the United States. Forty-two states,…

Green, Kimberly

2012-01-01

15

Common Tests for Arrhythmia  

MedlinePLUS

Common Tests for Arrhythmia Updated:Dec 7,2012 Several tests can help your doctor diagnose an arrhythmia ( ... a lot about the heart and its rhythm. Common Tests for Arrhythmia Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) An ...

16

How Common Is PTSD?  

MedlinePLUS

... Guidelines Hospital Quality Data Medical Inspector Patient Safety Organizations Administrative Clinical Quick Links Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here How Common is PTSD? How Common is PTSD? Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur after you have been ...

17

Common ratio using delay  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an experiment in which we add a common delay in a choice between two risky prospects. The results show that delay\\u000a produces the same change in preferences as in the well-documented common ratio effect in risky lotteries. The added common\\u000a delay acts as if the probabilities were divided by some common ratio. Moreover, we show that there is

Manel Baucells; Franz H. Heukamp

2010-01-01

18

PAS Domains COMMON STRUCTURE AND COMMON FLEXIBILITY*  

E-print Network

at the amino acid sequence level. The photoac- tive yellow protein, a bacterial light sensor, has been proposed of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland PAS (PER-ARNT-SIM) domains are a family of sensor protein domains in their conformational flexibilities. The observed motions point to a possible common mecha- nism for communicating

van Aalten, Daan

19

Common Bayesian models for common cognitive issues.  

PubMed

How can an incomplete and uncertain model of the environment be used to perceive, infer, decide and act efficiently? This is the challenge that both living and artificial cognitive systems have to face. Symbolic logic is, by its nature, unable to deal with this question. The subjectivist approach to probability is an extension to logic that is designed specifically to face this challenge. In this paper, we review a number of frequently encountered cognitive issues and cast them into a common Bayesian formalism. The concepts we review are ambiguities, fusion, multimodality, conflicts, modularity, hierarchies and loops. First, each of these concepts is introduced briefly using some examples from the neuroscience, psychophysics or robotics literature. Then, the concept is formalized using a template Bayesian model. The assumptions and common features of these models, as well as their major differences, are outlined and discussed. PMID:20658175

Colas, Francis; Diard, Julien; Bessière, Pierre

2010-09-01

20

NSDL Math Common Core  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NSDL Math Common Core collection provides quick and easy access to high-quality math resources that have been related to one or more standard statements within the Math Common Core. These resources are selected from the larger NSDL collection and other trusted providers, and organized by grade level and domain area.

2010-08-10

21

Communication and Common Interest  

PubMed Central

Explaining the maintenance of communicative behavior in the face of incentives to deceive, conceal information, or exaggerate is an important problem in behavioral biology. When the interests of agents diverge, some form of signal cost is often seen as essential to maintaining honesty. Here, novel computational methods are used to investigate the role of common interest between the sender and receiver of messages in maintaining cost-free informative signaling in a signaling game. Two measures of common interest are defined. These quantify the divergence between sender and receiver in their preference orderings over acts the receiver might perform in each state of the world. Sampling from a large space of signaling games finds that informative signaling is possible at equilibrium with zero common interest in both senses. Games of this kind are rare, however, and the proportion of games that include at least one equilibrium in which informative signals are used increases monotonically with common interest. Common interest as a predictor of informative signaling also interacts with the extent to which agents' preferences vary with the state of the world. Our findings provide a quantitative description of the relation between common interest and informative signaling, employing exact measures of common interest, information use, and contingency of payoff under environmental variation that may be applied to a wide range of models and empirical systems. PMID:24244116

Godfrey-Smith, Peter; Martinez, Manolo

2013-01-01

22

Common clay and shale  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 2003 industrial minerals review. The legislation, production, and consumption of common clay and shale are discussed. The average prices of the material and outlook for the market are provided.

Virta, R.L.

2004-01-01

23

Ten Common NWP Misconceptions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module introduces forecasters to ten of the most commonly encountered or significant misconceptions about NWP models. This list of ten misconceptions includes issues surrounding data assimilation, model resolution, physical parameterizations, and post-processing of model forecast output.

Comet

2002-05-02

24

Deriving Common Model Characteristics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students confront several different models - from the DNA helix Watson and Crick constructed in their laboratory to a map of McDonalds density in the US - and work in small groups to derive their commonalities.

Momsen, Jennifer; Long, Tammy M.; Speth, Elena B.

25

Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID)  

MedlinePLUS

... on. Read more information on enabling JavaScript. Primary Immune Deficiency Diseases Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) Crystal structure of the antibody immunoglobulin ...

26

Common Foot Problems  

MedlinePLUS

... infections include warts; the common disease athlete's foot (tinea pedis), which is caused by a foot fungus ... see additional images and learn more. Athlete's Foot (Tinea Pedis) Tinea pedis, also known as ringworm of ...

27

Five Common Glaucoma Tests  

MedlinePLUS

Five Common Glaucoma Tests en Español email Send this article to a friend by filling out the fields below: Your name: ... year or two after age 35. A Comprehensive Glaucoma Exam To be safe and accurate, five factors ...

28

Approximate common knowledge revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Suppose we replace “knowledge” by “belief with probability p” in standard definitions of common knowledge. Very different notions arise depending on the exact definition of common knowledge\\u000a used in the substitution. This paper demonstrates those differences and identifies which notion is relevant in each of three\\u000a contexts: equilibrium analysis in incomplete information games, best response dynamics in incomplete information

Stephen Morris

1999-01-01

29

Common clay and shale  

USGS Publications Warehouse

At present, 150 companies produce common clay and shale in 41 US states. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), domestic production in 2005 reached 24.8 Mt valued at $176 million. In decreasing order by tonnage, the leading producer states include North Carolina, Texas, Alabama, Georgia and Ohio. For the whole year, residential and commercial building construction remained the major market for common clay and shale products such as brick, drain tile, lightweight aggregate, quarry tile and structural tile.

Virta, R.L.

2006-01-01

30

Common clay and shale  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The article discusses the latest developments in the global common clay and shale industry, particularly in the U.S. It claims that common clay and shale is mainly used in the manufacture of heavy clay products like brick, flue tile and sewer pipe. The main producing states in the U.S. include North Carolina, New York and Oklahoma. Among the firms that manufacture clay and shale-based products are Mid America Brick & Structural Clay Products LLC and Boral USA.

Virta, R.L.

2011-01-01

31

Common skin conditions.  

PubMed Central

Four common conditions: acne, psoriasis, eczema and urticaria are considered. Guidance is given on appropriate topical and systematic treatment for the different types and degrees of these conditions, with notes on management in general and criteria for referral to hospital outpatient departments. Where there are different types of the condition, with varying aetiology, for example in urticaria and eczema, management of the common types is outlined. PMID:1345156

Ridley, M.; Safranek, M.

1992-01-01

32

Common variable immunodeficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a common primary immnodeficiency disease, the hallmark of which is hypogammaglobulinemia.\\u000a Due to the lack of antibodies, patients usually have recurrent bacterial infections, but there are a number of other puzzling\\u000a manifestations, including inflammatory conditions, autoimmune disease, and the development of lymphomas. Most patients are\\u000a diagnosed as adults, and delay in the recognition of the

Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles

2001-01-01

33

Power system commonality study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A limited top level study was completed to determine the commonality of power system/subsystem concepts within potential lunar and Mars surface power system architectures. A list of power system concepts with high commonality was developed which can be used to synthesize power system architectures which minimize development cost. Examples of potential high commonality power system architectures are given in this report along with a mass comparison. Other criteria such as life cycle cost (which includes transportation cost), reliability, safety, risk, and operability should be used in future, more detailed studies to select optimum power system architectures. Nineteen potential power system concepts were identified and evaluated for planetary surface applications including photovoltaic arrays with energy storage, isotope, and nuclear power systems. A top level environmental factors study was completed to assess environmental impacts on the identified power system concepts for both lunar and Mars applications. Potential power system design solutions for commonality between Mars and lunar applications were identified. Isotope, photovoltaic array (PVA), regenerative fuel cell (RFC), stainless steel liquid-metal cooled reactors (less than 1033 K maximum) with dynamic converters, and in-core thermionic reactor systems were found suitable for both lunar and Mars environments. The use of SP-100 thermoelectric (TE) and SP-100 dynamic power systems in a vacuum enclosure may also be possible for Mars applications although several issues need to be investigated further (potential single point failure of enclosure, mass penalty of enclosure and active pumping system, additional installation time and complexity). There are also technical issues involved with development of thermionic reactors (life, serviceability, and adaptability to other power conversion units). Additional studies are required to determine the optimum reactor concept for Mars applications. Various screening criteria (availability, environmental compatibility, mass competitiveness of energy storage, safety, and practicality for the application) were used to define concept applicability for each lunar and Mars application. A screening study resulted in 13 power systems for lunar applications and 15 for Mars applications. A commonality analysis showed several power systems with potentially high commonality (across both lunar and Mars applications). These high commonality systems include d PVA/RFC, dynamic isotope (1033 K Stirling, 1133 K Brayton, and 1300 K Brayton PCU's), SP-100 TE and dynamic derivatives (Mars systems required vacuum enclosure), in-core thermionic reactor, and liquid metal cooled reactor/Stirling cycle (1033 K). The generic commonality results were used to synthesize 3 high commonality power system architectures: (1) predominantly PV (limited nuclear and isotope), (2) predominantly in-core thermionic reactor/DIPS, and (3) predominantly SP-100 reactor/DIPS. The in-core thermionic reactor/DIPS power system architecture had the lowest total mass. Specific outputs from this study included lists of power system requirements, power system candidates, a power system application matrix, power system characteristics (mass), power system commonality ratings, example high commonality power system architectures, architecture masses, and issues/design solutions for lunar/Mars commonality.

Littman, Franklin D.

1992-07-01

34

The Federal Commons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1999, the Federal Financial Assistance Management Improvement Act was passed in order to force the development of federal electronic grant processing. A result of the legislation, the Federal Commons portal gives "grantees (state and local governments, universities, small businesses, etc.) full service grants processing across all functions in the grant life cycle." While providing only an entrance to various grant institutions and services, the Federal Commons helps to eliminate the maze-like trail that multi-grant projects sometimes must travel to get to grant proposal Web sites. Most physical sciences researchers will find relevant federal departments listed under the Science and Technology link.

35

COMMON CABBAGE VARIETAL TRIAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven common cabbage varieties from 6 different seed companies were evaluated for their yield and other agronomic characters in order to select the good cabbage varieties that have high and stable yield, early and uniform maturity and resistant to soft rot, black rot and mosaic virus diseases. The experiment was conducted from November 23, 1989 to February 12, 1990 in

NGUYEN VAN EM

36

Math, Literacy, & Common Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly every state has signed on to use the Common Core State Standards as a framework for teaching English/language arts and mathematics to students. Translating them for the classroom, however, requires schools, teachers, and students to change the way they approach teaching and learning. This report examines the progress some states have made…

Education Week, 2012

2012-01-01

37

Common clay and shale  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 2000 annual review of the industrial minerals sector. A general overview of the common clay and shale industry is provided. In 2000, U.S. production increased by 5 percent, while sales or use declined to 23.6 Mt. Despite the slowdown in the economy, no major changes are expected for the market.

Virta, R.L.

2001-01-01

38

Solving Common Mathematical Problems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mathematical Solutions Toolset is a collection of five software programs that rapidly solve some common mathematical problems. The programs consist of a set of Microsoft Excel worksheets. The programs provide for entry of input data and display of output data in a user-friendly, menu-driven format, and for automatic execution once the input data has been entered.

Luz, Paul L.

2005-01-01

39

Common clay and shale  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 2002 industrial minerals review. The production, consumption, and price of shale and common clay in the U.S. during 2002 are discussed. The impact of EPA regulations on brick and structural clay product manufacturers is also outlined.

Virta, R.L.

2003-01-01

40

Common Standards for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About three-fourths of the states have already adopted the Common Core State Standards, which were designed to provide more clarity about and consistency in what is expected of student learning across the country. However, given the brief time since the standards' final release in June, questions persist among educators, who will have the…

Principal, 2010

2010-01-01

41

COMMON LISP: The language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book describes COMMON LISP,which is becoming the industry and government standard AI language. Topics covered include the following: data types; scope and extent; type specifiers; program structure; predicates; control structure; macros; declarations; symbols; packages; numbers; characters; sequences; lists; hash tables; arrays; strings; structures; the evaluator; streams; input\\/output; file system interface; and errors.

G. L. Steele; G. L. Jr

1984-01-01

42

Human Commonalities and Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educator Ernest Boyer believed that well-educated students should do more than master isolated facts. They should understand the "connectedness of things." He suggested organizing curriculum thematically around eight commonalities shared by people around the world. In the book "The Basic School: A Community for Learning," Boyer recommends that…

Passmore, Kaye

2008-01-01

43

Common dermatoses of infancy.  

PubMed

Within the pediatric population of their practices, family physicians frequently encounter infants with skin rashes. This article discusses several of the more common rashes of infancy: atopic dermatitis, cradle cap, diaper dermatitis and miliaria. Etiology, clinical picture and possible approaches to treatment are presented. PMID:21267297

Gora, I

1986-09-01

44

Common Misconceptions about Cholesterol  

MedlinePLUS

Common Misconceptions about Cholesterol Updated:May 29,2014 Cholesterol can be both good and bad, so it's important to learn the facts about ... misconceptions about cholesterol. Click on each misconception about cholesterol to see the truth: My choices about diet ...

45

For Research Common Research  

E-print Network

PET Scans For Research Common Research Procedures: PET Scans What is Positron Emission Tomography: 1. Is this PET scan being done specifically for the research study or is it also a part of my purposes and is not intended to provide medical advice. Talk with your doctor or research team before

Church, George M.

46

A Common Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the experience and motivation that drove the specific solutions developed for LIPA's EIM and data management strategy. LIPA's EIM has at its core a common information model (CIM)-based enterprise semantic model (ESM), a customized software development life cycle (SDLC), process templates, and LIPA's IT technical architecture design. Data modeling and technical architecture are based wherever possible on

M. Hervey; P. Vujovic

2010-01-01

47

Common Buckwheat Ecotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Series of laboratory experiments were conducted at Biotechnology laboratory of the Research Centre for Applied Science & Technology of Tribhuvan University at Kathmandu during 1993­ 1994 to optimize the culture media for rapid multiplication of identical biotypes of determinate Nepalese common buckwheat genotypes using leaf and stem explants. The experimental results showed that the maximum callus induction frequency, irrespective of

B. P. Rajbhandari; S. Dhaubhadel; D. M. Gautam; B. R. Gautam

48

Common manned module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An economic analysis examines a reusable single crew module to reduce the cost of Moon to stay exploration by 5 billion dollars. Topics covered in viewgraph format include the following: aerodynamics, weight, runway landing, technology support, and common module reentry requirements.

Andrews, Dana

1992-01-01

49

Prebreeding in Common Bean  

E-print Network

to achieve an optimum amino acid balance in the diet (Bressani, 1983). Recently, some bean seed properties diabetes. In this regard, positive char- acteristics of bean seeds include the presence of essentialPrebreeding in Common Bean and Use of Genetic Diversity from Wild Germplasm JORGE A. ACOSTA

Gepts, Paul

50

Navagating the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a debate over the Common Core State Standards Initiative as it has rocketed to the forefront of education policy discussions around the country. The author contends that there is value in having clear cross state standards that will clarify the new online and blended learning that the growing use of technology has provided…

McShane, Michael Q.

2014-01-01

51

Space station commonality analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study was conducted on the basis of a modification to Contract NAS8-36413, Space Station Commonality Analysis, which was initiated in December, 1987 and completed in July, 1988. The objective was to investigate the commonality aspects of subsystems and mission support hardware while technology experiments are accommodated on board the Space Station in the mid-to-late 1990s. Two types of mission are considered: (1) Advanced solar arrays and their storage; and (2) Satellite servicing. The point of departure for definition of the technology development missions was a set of missions described in the Space Station Mission Requirements Data Base. (MRDB): TDMX 2151 Solar Array/Energy Storage Technology; TDMX 2561 Satellite Servicing and Refurbishment; TDMX 2562 Satellite Maintenance and Repair; TDMX 2563 Materials Resupply (to a free-flyer materials processing platform); TDMX 2564 Coatings Maintenance Technology; and TDMX 2565 Thermal Interface Technology. Issues to be addressed according to the Statement of Work included modularity of programs, data base analysis interactions, user interfaces, and commonality. The study was to consider State-of-the-art advances through the 1990s and to select an appropriate scale for the technology experiments, considering hardware commonality, user interfaces, and mission support requirements. The study was to develop evolutionary plans for the technology advancement missions.

1988-01-01

52

Common medical pains  

PubMed Central

Pain in infancy and childhood is extremely common. Sources of pain include illness, injury, and medical and dental procedures. Over the past two decades, tremendous progress has been made in the assessment, prevention and treatment of pain. It is important for the paediatric health care provider to be aware of the implications and consequences of pain in childhood. A multitude of interventions are available to reduce or alleviate pain in children of all ages, including neonates. These include behavioural and psychological methods, as well as a host of pharmacological preparations, which are safe and effective when used as indicated. Many complementary and alternative treatments appear to be promising in treating and relieving pain, although further research is required. The present article reviews the most common sources of pain in childhood and infancy, as well as current treatment strategies and options. PMID:19030348

Jacobson, Sheila

2007-01-01

53

Common tester platform concept.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of a case study on the doctrine of a common tester platform, a concept of a standardized platform that can be applicable across the broad spectrum of testing requirements throughout the various stages of a weapons program, as well as across the various weapons programs. The common tester concept strives to define an affordable, next-generation design that will meet testing requirements with the flexibility to grow and expand; supporting the initial development stages of a weapons program through to the final production and surveillance stages. This report discusses a concept investing key leveraging technologies and operational concepts combined with prototype tester-development experiences and practical lessons learned gleaned from past weapons programs.

Hurst, Michael James

2008-05-01

54

Common anorectal disorders.  

PubMed

Anorectal disorders result in many visits to healthcare specialists. These disorders include benign conditions such as hemorrhoids to more serious conditions such as malignancy; thus, it is important for the clinician to be familiar with these disorders as well as know how to conduct an appropriate history and physical examination. This article reviews the most common anorectal disorders, including hemorrhoids, anal fissures, fecal incontinence, proctalgia fugax, excessive perineal descent, and pruritus ani, and provides guidelines on comprehensive evaluation and management. PMID:24987313

Foxx-Orenstein, Amy E; Umar, Sarah B; Crowell, Michael D

2014-05-01

55

Common Skin Cancers  

PubMed Central

Melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma are the three most common forms of skin cancer. The incidence of skin cancer is increasing at an alarming rate. Early detection is the key to successful management. In this article, the salient clinical features and diagnostic clues for these tumors and their precursor lesions are presented. Current management guidelines are also discussed. ImagesFigure 1Figures 2-3Figures 4-6Figures 7-9 PMID:21221380

Ho, Vincent C.

1992-01-01

56

Common Anorectal Disorders  

PubMed Central

Anorectal disorders result in many visits to healthcare specialists. These disorders include benign conditions such as hemorrhoids to more serious conditions such as malignancy; thus, it is important for the clinician to be familiar with these disorders as well as know how to conduct an appropriate history and physical examination. This article reviews the most common anorectal disorders, including hemorrhoids, anal fissures, fecal incontinence, proctalgia fugax, excessive perineal descent, and pruritus ani, and provides guidelines on comprehensive evaluation and management. PMID:24987313

Foxx-Orenstein, Amy E.; Umar, Sarah B.; Crowell, Michael D.

2014-01-01

57

Digital Resource Commons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ohio Digital Resource Commons (DRC) is a place to learn about the historic, instructional, cultural, and creative works of those in the Ohio University system, as well as the liberal arts colleges of Ohio. Although not all of the Ohio schools save material with the DRC, many of them elect to do so. Higher education institutions, as well as K-12 institutions are allowed to save their work via the central network, as long as the work has archival merit. Visitors will want to click on "Communities and Collections" on the left hand menu to browse the vast resources available. Some of the communities included are "Art and Architecture", "Multi-Subject Video", and "OhioLINK Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Center". Within each community are some notable collections including, "Archaeological Atlas of Ohio", "Encyclopedia of Physics Demonstrations", and the "Kent State Shootings Oral Histories". In order to see a list of the archives available to search, visitors should click on "Advanced Search", under the blank search box near the top of the page. The scrollable box next to the archives category includes such choices as "Oberlin Digital Commons", "Scholarly Commons at Miami University", and "Digital Archive of Literacy Narratives".

58

Boston University Digital Common  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Boston University has a range of scholars, from those who research the hospitality field to others who are fascinated by the world of photonics. The University's Digital Common Repository contains thousands of documents and publications that span this wide range, authored or co-authored by BU faculty, students, and staff. The different communities here are divided into sections that include College of Arts and Sciences, Centers & Institutes, and Metropolitan College. Visitors will find religious sermons, pieces of music, working economics papers, and a vast cornucopia of other materials. Also, visitors are encouraged to use the Browse feature to look for documents by title, subject, author, or date.

59

Common Southeast Wetland Plants Common name1,2  

E-print Network

capensis No common rush Juncus effuses Seed rice cut grass Leersia oryzoides Seed common duckweed Lemna minor Aquatic Vegetation, Inverts sprangletop Leptochloa panacea Seed cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis

Gray, Matthew

60

Commonly used gastrointestinal drugs.  

PubMed

This chapter reviews the spectrum and mechanisms of neurologic adverse effects of commonly used gastrointestinal drugs including antiemetics, promotility drugs, laxatives, antimotility drugs, and drugs for acid-related disorders. The commonly used gastrointestinal drugs as a group are considered safe and are widely used. A range of neurologic complications are reported following use of various gastrointestinal drugs. Acute neurotoxicities, including transient akathisias, oculogyric crisis, delirium, seizures, and strokes, can develop after use of certain gastrointestinal medications, while disabling and pervasive tardive syndromes are described following long-term and often unsupervised use of phenothiazines, metoclopramide, and other drugs. In rare instances, some of the antiemetics can precipitate life-threatening extrapyramidal reactions, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, or serotonin syndrome. In contrast, concerns about the cardiovascular toxicity of drugs such as cisapride and tegaserod have been grave enough to lead to their withdrawal from many world markets. Awareness and recognition of the neurotoxicity of gastrointestinal drugs is essential to help weigh the benefit of their use against possible adverse effects, even if uncommon. Furthermore, as far as possible, drugs such as metoclopramide and others that can lead to tardive dyskinesias should be used for as short time as possible, with close clinical monitoring and patient education. PMID:24365343

Aggarwal, Annu; Bhatt, Mohit

2014-01-01

61

Common Approaches in Critical Care  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Clinical Critical Care Information for Patients | | More Common Approaches in Critical Care Information for Patients Introduction General Information Common Illnesses of Critically Ill Patients ICU Devices and ...

62

[Common variable immunodeficiency].  

PubMed

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVI) is a heterogeneous syndrome characterized by defective antibody formation, resulting in abnormally low serum immunoglobulin levels. Clinical presentation usually includes recurrent infections of the respiratory tract, mostly induced by capsular bacteria. Patients are also highly prone to Giardia lamblia infections and related gastrointestinal disorders, as well as to a variety of autoimmune diseases which appear in approximately 20% of them. In addition, CVI can be frequently associated with a non-Hodgkin lymphoma or gastric carcinoma. In spite of its relatively frequent occurrence, the pathogenesis of CVI still remains poorly defined. In this review the authors describe clinical features, immunological abnormalities and replacement treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins of this antibody deficiency syndrome. PMID:9102704

Silvestris, N; Silvestris, F; Russo, S; Dammacco, F

1996-12-01

63

National PTA Common Sense  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US National Parents and Teachers Association, in conjunction with GTE Corporation, furnishes this site, an information hub for the promotion of drug- and alcohol-free children. Presently, the site is divided into three sections of both serious and fun activities. The Parent's Center consists of interactive quizzes and tip sheets related to developing drug awareness, being a role model, and getting involved in your kids' activities. Visitors to the Family Room will find activities to help kids with their self-esteem, as well as teach them drug-awareness. Family games, quizzes, and cartoons are also available. Help and Hotlines points to organizations that can provide further support and information (links are provided), as well as books and videos. Finally, the site includes an interactive poll, several bulletin boards (registration required), and information for PTA leaders, highlighted by a library of resources to help spread the common sense message.

64

Common Control System Vulnerability  

SciTech Connect

The Control Systems Security Program and other programs within the Idaho National Laboratory have discovered a vulnerability common to control systems in all sectors that allows an attacker to penetrate most control systems, spoof the operator, and gain full control of targeted system elements. This vulnerability has been identified on several systems that have been evaluated at INL, and in each case a 100% success rate of completing the attack paths that lead to full system compromise was observed. Since these systems are employed in multiple critical infrastructure sectors, this vulnerability is deemed common to control systems in all sectors. Modern control systems architectures can be considered analogous to today's information networks, and as such are usually approached by attackers using a common attack methodology to penetrate deeper and deeper into the network. This approach often is composed of several phases, including gaining access to the control network, reconnaissance, profiling of vulnerabilities, launching attacks, escalating privilege, maintaining access, and obscuring or removing information that indicates that an intruder was on the system. With irrefutable proof that an external attack can lead to a compromise of a computing resource on the organization's business local area network (LAN), access to the control network is usually considered the first phase in the attack plan. Once the attacker gains access to the control network through direct connections and/or the business LAN, the second phase of reconnaissance begins with traffic analysis within the control domain. Thus, the communications between the workstations and the field device controllers can be monitored and evaluated, allowing an attacker to capture, analyze, and evaluate the commands sent among the control equipment. Through manipulation of the communication protocols of control systems (a process generally referred to as ''reverse engineering''), an attacker can then map out the control system processes and functions. With the detailed knowledge of how the control data functions, as well as what computers and devices communicate using this data, the attacker can use a well known Man-in-the-Middle attack to perform malicious operations virtually undetected. The control systems assessment teams have used this method to gather enough information about the system to craft an attack that intercepts and changes the information flow between the end devices (controllers) and the human machine interface (HMI and/or workstation). Using this attack, the cyber assessment team has been able to demonstrate complete manipulation of devices in control systems while simultaneously modifying the data flowing back to the operator's console to give false information of the state of the system (known as ''spoofing''). This is a very effective technique for a control system attack because it allows the attacker to manipulate the system and the operator's situational awareness of the perceived system status. The three main elements of this attack technique are: (1) network reconnaissance and data gathering, (2) reverse engineering, and (3) the Man-in-the-Middle attack. The details of this attack technique and the mitigation techniques are discussed.

Trent Nelson

2005-12-01

65

Common gastrointestinal symptoms: dysphagia.  

PubMed

Swallowing occurs in 3 phases: oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal. Oropharyngeal dysphagia typically is a result of neuromuscular disorders, such as stroke and parkinsonism, or of mucosal dryness caused by drugs or radiation therapy. Esophageal dysphagia is commonly caused by anatomic defects of the esophagus, such as reflux disease; motility disorders, such as achalasia; or eosinophilic esophagitis. If oropharyngeal dysphagia is suspected, the patient should undergo initial testing with a water or semisolid bolus swallow test. If results are positive, the diagnosis can be confirmed with a videofluoroscopic swallowing study. If esophageal dysphagia is suspected, patients typically undergo endoscopic esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Management of confirmed oropharyngeal dysphagia involves short-term compensation strategies, such as postural changes or food thickening, to minimize the risk of aspiration. This is followed by rehabilitation that may involve swallowing exercises with biofeedback or electrical stimulation of the swallowing muscles. Some patients may need enteral feeding. For esophageal dysphagia, choice of management depends on the etiology; it may include endoscopic dilation, myotomy, injection of onabotulinumtoxinA (formerly called botulinum toxin type A) for structural abnormalities, or topical steroid therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis. PMID:24124702

Fashner, Julia; Gitu, Alfred Chege

2013-10-01

66

Trypanosoma brucei Infection in asymptomatic greater Kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) on a game ranch in Zambia.  

PubMed

Trypomastogotes of Trypanosoma brucei were detected from 4 asymptomatic kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) on a game ranch located approximately 45 km north east of Lusaka, Zambia. Blood smears examined from 14 wildlife species comprising of the impala (Aepyceros melampus), Kafue lechwe (kobus leche kafuensis), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger), tsessebe (Damaliscus lunatus), warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), puku (Kobus vardoni), zebra (Equus burchelli), waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus), reedbuck (Redunca arundinum), wilderbeest (Connochaetes taurinus), hartebeest (Alcephelus lichtensteini), African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) showed that only the kudu had T. brucei. Although game ranching has emerged to be a successful ex-situ conservation strategy aimed at saving the declining wildlife population in the National Parks, our findings suggest that it has the potential of aiding the re-distribution of animal diseases. Hence, there is a need for augmenting wildlife conservation with disease control strategies aimed at reducing the risk of disease transmission between wildlife and domestic animals. PMID:20333288

Munang'andu, Hetron Mweemba; Siamudaala, Victor; Munyeme, Musso; Nambota, Andrew; Mutoloki, Stephen; Matandiko, Wigganson

2010-03-01

67

Trypanosoma brucei Infection in Asymptomatic Greater Kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) on a Game Ranch in Zambia  

PubMed Central

Trypomastogotes of Trypanosoma brucei were detected from 4 asymptomatic kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) on a game ranch located approximately 45 km north east of Lusaka, Zambia. Blood smears examined from 14 wildlife species comprising of the impala (Aepyceros melampus), Kafue lechwe (kobus leche kafuensis), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger), tsessebe (Damaliscus lunatus), warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), puku (Kobus vardoni), zebra (Equus burchelli), waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus), reedbuck (Redunca arundinum), wilderbeest (Connochaetes taurinus), hartebeest (Alcephelus lichtensteini), African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) showed that only the kudu had T. brucei. Although game ranching has emerged to be a successful ex-situ conservation strategy aimed at saving the declining wildlife population in the National Parks, our findings suggest that it has the potential of aiding the re-distribution of animal diseases. Hence, there is a need for augmenting wildlife conservation with disease control strategies aimed at reducing the risk of disease transmission between wildlife and domestic animals. PMID:20333288

Siamudaala, Victor; Munyeme, Musso; Nambota, Andrew; Mutoloki, Stephen; Matandiko, Wigganson

2010-01-01

68

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in farm-reared ostriches and wild game species from Zimbabwe.  

PubMed

One hundred and seventy one serum samples from 10 game species from Zimbabwe were tested for IgG antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii infection using the modified agglutination test (MAT). Significantly higher seroprevalences were found in the felidae (Panthera leo) (92% of 26), bovidae (Tragelaphus species) (55.9% of 34) and farm-reared struthionidae (Struthio camelus) (48% of 50) compared to the other groups tested. Among the bovidae, the nyala (Tragelaphus angasii) had the highest seroprevalence of 90% (9/10). Anti-Toxoplasma antibody prevalences in browsers [greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) (20% of 10), giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) (10% of 10) and elephant (Loxodonta africana) (10% of 20)] were generally in the lower range. No antibodies were detected in the wild African suidae [warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) and bushpig (Potamochoerus larvatus)]. Attempts to isolate T. gondii from the heart muscles of seropositve ostriches by subinoculation in BALB/c mice were unsuccessful. PMID:15777687

Hove, T; Mukaratirwa, S

2005-04-01

69

Identification by the blood incubation infectivity test of Trypanosoma brucei subspecies isolated from game animals in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia.  

PubMed

A total of 7 stocks of Trypanosoma brucei subspecies, isolated from naturally infected game animals in the Luangwa Valley, Eastern Province, Zambia were examined using a modified version of the Blood Incubation Infectivity Test (BIIT). One stock giving consistent BIIT responses typical of T.b. rhodesiense, was obtained from warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus). Four other stocks, 2 from hyaena (Crocuta crocuta), 1 from a waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) and 1 from a lion (Panthera leo) responded like T.b. brucei. One stock from a waterbuck and 1 from a giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) failed to infect mice after incubation in human serum for 30 min at 37 degrees C when first tested, but after 5 or 6 further serial passages in mice and even with serum incubation time increased to 5 h, they retained infectivity. PMID:44098

Awan, M A

1979-12-01

70

Facts about the Common Cold  

MedlinePLUS

... Disease > Influenza > In-Depth-Resources Facts About the Common Cold What is a Cold? Colds are minor ... are no antiviral medications available for treating the common cold. Antibiotics are not useful for treating a ...

71

Appendix B: Some Common Abbreviations  

MedlinePLUS

Appendix B: Some Common Abbreviations To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. This is a list of some common abbreviations and acronyms. This appendix supplements the MedlinePlus ...

72

6 Common Cancers - Skin Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues 6 Common Cancers - Skin Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table of Contents For ... AP Photo/Herald-Mail, Kevin G. Gilbert Skin Cancer Skin cancer is the most common form of ...

73

Common sense concepts about motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Common sense beliefs of college students about motion and its causes are surveyed and analyzed. A taxonomy of common sense concepts which conflict with Newtonian theory is developed as a guide to instruction.

Halloun, Ibrahim; Hestenes, David

2005-11-02

74

Inequalities, institutions, and forest commons  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to a growing literature on the commons that examines the relationship between inequality and commons outcomes. Our analysis of evidence on forest commons outcomes in 228 cases from South Asia (India and Nepal), East Africa (Kenya and Uganda) and Latin America (Mexico and Bolivia) suggests that local governance and collective action matter in shaping how socioeconomic inequalities

Krister Andersson; Arun Agrawal

2011-01-01

75

Common sense and integrative thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The complexity of organizational decisions requires the ability to integrate diverse facts, ideas, issues, and connections into more comprehensive integrative thinking for decisions. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the relationship between common sense and integrative thinking. Common sense, on the surface, seems to be incompatible with integrative thinking yet common sense can

Joy Benson; Sally Dresdow

2009-01-01

76

The Common Geometry Module (CGM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Common Geometry Module (CGM) is a code library which provides geometry functionality used for mesh generation and other applications. This functionality includes that commonly found in solid modeling engines, like geometry creation, query and modification; CGM also includes capabilities not commonly found in solid modeling engines, like geometry decomposition tools and support for shared material interfaces. CGM is built

Tautges; Timothy James

2004-01-01

77

Common Southeast Wetland Plants Common name1,2  

E-print Network

Echinochloa walteri Water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes Common spikerush Eleocharis palustris Needlepod rush panacea Marsh seedbox Ludwigia palustris Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria Yellow water lily Nuphar

Gray, Matthew

78

Autoimmunity in common variable immunodeficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common clinically significant primary immune defect. Although the hallmark\\u000a of CVID is hypogammaglobulinemia, the intrinsic dysregulation of the immune system leads to defective T-cell activation and\\u000a proliferation, as well as dendritic cell and cytokine defects. Although 70% to 80% of patients have had recurrent sinopulmonary\\u000a infections, autoimmunity and inflammatory complications are also common.

Shradha Agarwal; Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles

2009-01-01

79

How Common is Common Use Facilities at Airports  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study looked at common use airports across the country and at the implementation of common use facailities at airports. Common use consists of several elements that maybe installed at an airport. One of the elements is the self-service kiosks that allow passengers to have a faster check-in process, therefore moving them more quickly within the airport. Another element is signage and the incorporation of each airline's logo. Another aspect of common useis an airport regaining control of terminal gates by reducing the number of gates that are exclusively leased to a specific air carrier. This research focused on the current state of the common use facilities across the United States and examines the advantages and disadvantages of this approach. The research entailed interviews with personnel at a wide range of airports and found that each airport is in a different stage of implementation; some have fully implemented the common use concept while others are in the beginning stages of implementation. The questions were tailored to determine what the advantages and disadvantages are of a common use facility. The most common advantages reported included flexibility and cost. In the commom use system the airport reserves the right to move any airline to a different gate at any time for any reason. In turn, this helps reduce gates delays at that facility. For the airports that were interviewed no major disadvantages were reported. One down side of common use facilities for the airport involved is the major capital cost that is required to move to a common use system.

Barbeau, Addison D.

80

The Commons Problem: Alternative Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four contrasting theories bearing on the concept of the commons dilemma, which deals with conflicts of individual v group interests over time. Focuses on the threats that commons problems pose to democratic principles in community structure. Discusses alternative directions for the resolution of resource crises. (Author/GC)

Edney, Julian J.

1980-01-01

81

Building on the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core State Standards, released in June 2010, offer an opportunity to shift education away from shallow, test-prep instruction and toward a focus on key cognitive skills, writes Conley. Two consortia of states are now developing common assessments to measure these standards--assessments that will be designed to capture deeper, more…

Conley, David T.

2011-01-01

82

Remedies for Common Cold Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Individuals suffering from intolerable symptoms of the common cold can now be advised of safe and effective products for symptomatic relief. This article describes and discusses four categories of drugs used to treat the common cold. To simplify the product selection process for family physicians, suggestions are included for possible ingredients for treatments of specific cold symptoms. PMID:21234087

Miller, Penny F.

1991-01-01

83

Common Schools and Multicultural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Common schooling and multicultural education intuitively seem to be mutually reinforcing and possibly even mutually necessary: each is motivated by and/or serves the aims of promoting social justice and equality, common civic membership, and mutual respect and understanding, among other goals. An examination of the practical relationship between…

Levinson, Meira

2007-01-01

84

Personal Finance. Common Curriculum Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides the common curriculum goals for the state of Oregon in personal finance, an area of study that relates basic economic concepts and practices to the financial concerns of consumers. These goals were designed to define what should be taught in all public school settings. The common curriculum goals in personal finance are…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

85

Connecticut's Common Core of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its adoption in January 1987, Connecticut's Common Core of Learning has set the standard of an educated citizen for the state, and the five 1991-1995 Statewide Educational Goals for Students incorporate its policy on the skills, knowledge and attitudes that are expected of Connecticut's public secondary school graduates. The Common Core…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Bureau of Curriculum and Instruction.

86

The Common Core Takes Hold  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey administered in the spring of 2013 by the Center on Education Policy (CEP) inquired into the implementation of Common Core State Standards at that time. Based on self-reports by state officials, the survey found that curricula aligned to the common core were already being taught in at least some districts or grade levels. All states…

Rothman, Robert

2014-01-01

87

Understanding Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Now that the Common Core standards are coming to just about every school, what every school leader needs is a straightforward explanation that lays out the benefits of the Common Core in plain English, provides a succinct overview, and gets everyone thinking about how to transition to this promising new paradigm. This handy, inexpensive booklet…

Kendall, John S.

2011-01-01

88

Common Lisp Analytical Statistics Package  

E-print Network

for the Common Lisp Instrumentation Package (Clip), a tool for automating data collection and experimen- tationCommon Lisp Analytical Statistics Package: User Manual Scott D. Anderson, Adam Carlson, David L of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01003-4610 * Replaces TR-90-85 This work was supported by a University Research

89

Commonality analysis for the NASA Space Station Common Module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concept of commonality to enhance cost savings, as applied to NASA's Space Station Common Module (CM), is explored. The equipment to be included in the CM is organized by subsystems of structure, power, thermal, command and data handling, environmental control and life support, and crew station. The weight, volume, and quantity of each instrument item will be subsequently added to support a cost model. The CM concept, its reference configuration, power distribution and management, and cost sensitivity options are discussed in detail. Some computer programs are outlined, stressing the importance of the existing capabilities of the STS and the optimum commonality case.

Powell, L. E.; Beam, E. E.

1985-01-01

90

Further Explorations of Common-Sense Representations of Common Illnesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple method is presented for measuring people’s illness cognitions—their common-sense representations of common illnesses. Data were collected from 1,628 different respondents who described a recent illness from 1 to 3 separate times over a 17-month period. A free-clustering task performed by a set of naive participants confirmed that these cognitions fall into the five components that have been previously

Richard R. Lau; Teresa M. Bernard; Karen A. Hartman

1989-01-01

91

Rainfall influences on ungulate population abundance in the Mara-Serengeti ecosystem.  

PubMed

1. Rainfall is the prime climatic factor underpinning the dynamics of African savanna ungulates, but no study has analysed its influence on the abundance of these ungulates at monthly to multiannual time scales. 2. We report relationships between rainfall and changes in age- and sex-structured abundances of seven ungulate species monitored monthly for 15 years using vehicle ground counts in the Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya. 3. Abundance showed strong and curvilinear relationships with current and cumulative rainfall, with older topi, Damaliscus korrigum (Ogilby); warthog, Phacochoerus aethiopicus (Pallas); waterbuck, Kobus ellipsyprimnus (Ogilby); and impala, Aepyceros melampus (Lichtenstein) responding to longer lags than younger animals, portraying carryover effects of prior habitat conditions. 4. The abundances of newborn calves were best correlated with monthly rainfall averaged over the preceding 5-6 months for topi, waterbuck, warthog, and 2 months for the migratory zebra Equus burchelli (Gray), but with seasonal rainfall averaged over 2-5 years for giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis (L.); impala; and kongoni, Alcelaphus busephalus (Pallas). The cumulative late wet-season rainfall was the best predictor of abundance for quarter- to full-grown animals for most species. Monthly rainfall exerted both negative and positive effects on the abundances of zebra, impala and waterbuck. Ignoring age, both sexes responded similarly to rainfall. 5. Births were strongly seasonal only for warthog and topi, but peaked between August and December for most species. Hence abundance was strongly seasonal for young topi and warthog and the migratory zebra. Pronounced seasonality in births for warthog and topi obliterated otherwise strong relationships between abundance and rainfall when both month and rainfall were included in the same model. Aggregated density produced relationships with rainfall similar to those for fully grown animals, emphasizing the necessity of demographic monitoring to reliably reveal rainfall influences on ungulate abundance in the Mara. 6. Strong relationships between abundance and rainfall suggest that rainfall underpins the dynamics of African savanna ungulates, and that changes in rainfall due to global warming may markedly alter the abundance and diversity of these mammals. Ungulates respond to rainfall fluctuations through movements, reproduction or survival, and the responses appear independent of breeding phenology and synchrony, dietary guild, or degree of water dependence. Newborns and adults have contrasting responses to rainfall. Males and females respond similarly to rainfall when age is ignored. PMID:18422558

Ogutu, J O; Piepho, H-P; Dublin, H T; Bhola, N; Reid, R S

2008-07-01

92

Common-offset ray tracing  

SciTech Connect

In the SMART method, exact traveltimes, used as input of reflection tomography, are computed by tracing rays that are reflected on interpreted migrated events. Since picking migrated events is easier in common offset migrated images than in common shot migrated images, a common offset raytracing has been developed. It is based on a continuation method in the source position-shooting angle domain. It consists in following in this domain iso-offset lines and determining the points of these lines corresponding to the actual sources. It allows the user to compute all the arrivals even for complex media at a low computational cost.

Jannaud, L.R. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Pau (France)

1994-12-31

93

Vibrio chromosomes share common history  

E-print Network

Abstract Background While most gamma proteobacteria have a single circular chromosome, Vibrionales have two circular chromosomes. Horizontal gene transfer is common among Vibrios, and in light of this genetic mobility, it ...

Kirkup, Benjamin C.

94

Vibrio chromosomes share common history  

E-print Network

Background: While most gamma proteobacteria have a single circular chromosome, Vibrionales have two circular chromosomes. Horizontal gene transfer is common among Vibrios, and in light of this genetic mobility, it is an ...

Kirkup, Benjamin C.

95

Common Disorders of the Pancreas  

MedlinePLUS

... read more about hereditary pancreatitis, please click here . Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer ... does not cause symptoms. The classic presentation of pancreatic cancer is referred to as painless jaundice, a yellowish ...

96

Inherited risk for common disease  

E-print Network

Linkage disequilibrium studies have discovered few gene-disease associations for common diseases. The explanation has been offered that complex modes of inheritance govern risk for cancers, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular ...

Banava, Helen

2007-01-01

97

Common Diagnoses in the NICU  

MedlinePLUS

... bradycardia, not the bradycardia itself. Back Continue Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) What is it? Babies who still need ... original due date are considered to have bronchopulmonary dysplasia — one of the most common chronic lung diseases ...

98

Adolescents' theories of the commons.  

PubMed

Drawing from research on civic engagement and environmental commitment, we make a case for the processes inherent in how adolescents' ideas about the commons (those things that bind a polity together) develop. Engagement in the public realm with a plethora of perspectives and a goal of finding common ground is fundamental. Adolescents participate in the public realm through mini-polities (e.g., schools, community organizations). Practices in those settings can reinforce or challenge dominant political narratives. Special attention is given to the natural environment as a commons that transcends generations and to the opportunities in schools and in community partnerships that enable adolescents to realize their interdependence with nature and to author decisions about the commons. PMID:24851345

Flanagan, Constance; Gallay, Erin

2014-01-01

99

6 Common Cancers - Colorectal Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues 6 Common Cancers - Colorectal Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table of Contents For ... colon cancer. Photo: AP Photo/Ron Edmonds Colorectal Cancer Cancer of the colon (large intestine) or rectum ( ...

100

6 Common Cancers - Lung Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues 6 Common Cancers - Lung Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table of Contents For ... Desperate Housewives. (Photo ©2005 Kathy Hutchins / Hutchins) Lung Cancer Lung cancer causes more deaths than the next ...

101

6 Common Cancers - Prostate Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues 6 Common Cancers - Prostate Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table of Contents For ... early screening. Photo: AP Photo/Danny Moloshok Prostate Cancer The prostate gland is a walnut-sized structure ...

102

Entomology CSIRO Australia: Common names  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With almost 5000 entries this compendium of common names of Australian insects is one of the most thorough identification tools available online. Most of the pages include images and ranges as well as descriptions of the taxon.

0002-11-30

103

6 Common Cancers - Breast Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues 6 Common Cancers - Breast Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table of Contents For ... slow her down. Photo: AP Photo/Brett Flashnick Breast Cancer Breast cancer is a malignant (cancerous) growth that ...

104

Antibiotic use for common cold  

Microsoft Academic Search

Antibiotics do not help patients with an uncomplicated common cold. Antibiotics can have side effects for the individual taking\\u000a them that range from unpleasant to serious, even lethal. Antibiotic use also contributes to communal harm by encouraging antibiotic\\u000a resistance. If there can be no benefit, but there can be harm, why is the common cold the commonest reason for doctors

Timothy W. Kenealy; Bruce Arroll

105

Common Core in Mathematics: Overview  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 13-minute video shows CCSS contributing author David Coleman discussing the background of the Common Core State Standards, their value in the state, the principles of their development, and the changes required of schools during this transition. The video details six important shifts in math instruction that will take place through the Common Core, these include: more focus, coherence, fluency, deeper understanding, flexible application, and dual intensity. Included with this video are resources for teachers and discussion questions.

Engageny

2011-01-01

106

Autoimmunity in Common Variable Immunodeficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Autoimmunity has been increasingly recognized as a major issue in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), the\\u000a most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency in adulthood. Different authors report high prevalences of autoimmune diseases\\u000a in CVID, and several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this apparent paradox. Genetic predisposition, under current\\u000a surveillance, innate and adaptive immunity deficiencies leading to persistent\\/recurrent infections, variable

Susana Lopes-da-Silva; Luiz Vicente Rizzo

2008-01-01

107

Forest commons and local enforcement  

PubMed Central

This article examines the relationship between local enforcement and forests used as commons. It uses a unique multicountry dataset, created over the past 15 years by the International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Program. Drawing on original enforcement and forest commons data from 9 countries, we find that higher levels of local enforcement have a strong and positive but complex relationship to the probability of forest regeneration. This relationship holds even when the influence of a number of other factors such as user group size, subsistence, and commercial importance of forests, size of forest, and collective action for forest improvement activities is taken into account. Although several of the above factors have a statistically significant relationship to changes in the condition of forest commons, differences in levels of local enforcement strongly moderate their link with forest commons outcomes. The research, using data from diverse political, social, and ecological contexts, shows both the importance of enforcement to forest commons and some of the limits of forest governance through commons arrangements. PMID:18768821

Chhatre, Ashwini; Agrawal, Arun

2008-01-01

108

Forest commons and local enforcement.  

PubMed

This article examines the relationship between local enforcement and forests used as commons. It uses a unique multicountry dataset, created over the past 15 years by the International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Program. Drawing on original enforcement and forest commons data from 9 countries, we find that higher levels of local enforcement have a strong and positive but complex relationship to the probability of forest regeneration. This relationship holds even when the influence of a number of other factors such as user group size, subsistence, and commercial importance of forests, size of forest, and collective action for forest improvement activities is taken into account. Although several of the above factors have a statistically significant relationship to changes in the condition of forest commons, differences in levels of local enforcement strongly moderate their link with forest commons outcomes. The research, using data from diverse political, social, and ecological contexts, shows both the importance of enforcement to forest commons and some of the limits of forest governance through commons arrangements. PMID:18768821

Chhatre, Ashwini; Agrawal, Arun

2008-09-01

109

Common Waterfowl in the Southeast Common name1,2  

E-print Network

Anas clypeata canvasback Aythya valisineria redhead Aythya americana ring-necked duck Aythya collaris discors gadwall Anas strepera American wigeon Anas americana northern pintail Anas acuta northern shoveler lesser scaup Aythya affinis greater scaup Aythya marila common goldeneye Bucephala clangula Barrow

Gray, Matthew

110

Common property in strata titled developments in Singapore : Common misconceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the face of Singapore's land scarcity problem, there is an increasing prevalence of strata-titled developments providing private housing in Singapore. This paper considers the awareness in certain quarters of certain fundamental aspects of this unique form of property ownership. The particular aspect which this paper considers is the understanding and interpretation of the term “common property” among two important

Alice Christudason

2004-01-01

111

Common Ground: Finding Commonalities in Diverse Musical Material  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article focuses on teaching commonalities in diverse musical genres. Teachers need to relate the musical activities performed in class to music that students experience in the world around them since they understand music in relation to history and culture. A key to selecting high-quality musical examples is to find music pieces that contain…

Gault, Brent

2006-01-01

112

The last common bilaterian ancestor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many regulatory genes appear to be utilized in at least superficially similar ways in the development of particular body parts in Drosophila and in chordates. These similarities have been widely interpreted as functional homologies, producing the conventional view of the last common protostome-deuterostome ancestor (PDA) as a complex organism that possessed some of the same body parts as modern bilaterians. Here we discuss an alternative view, in which the last common PDA had a less complex body plan than is frequently conceived. This reconstruction alters expectations for Neoproterozoic fossil remains that could illustrate the pathways of bilaterian evolution.

Erwin, Douglas H.; Davidson, Eric H.

2002-01-01

113

Common Emotional Problems of Adolescence  

PubMed Central

Common emotional problems of adolescence are discussed under three headings: those specific to adolescence; common psychiatric problems of adolescence, and those complicating physical illness in adolescence. Adolescence is a phase of emotional sensitivity and self-centeredness. The whole family is affected and may require professional support. As the adolescent moves towards greater independence, some turbulence and acting out is normal. Some make an impulsive break from their family by running away, others gradually gain their independence and some remain overly dependent. The latter group often become dependent on and demanding of their physician. PMID:20469172

Froese, A. P.

1975-01-01

114

Common Sense Concepts About Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article we will not attack the difficult problem of designing instruction to accommodate CS preconceptions. But let us note that CS concepts experience providing meaning to our natural language. Discourse on physics would be impossible without it. Indeed, physics and science in general can be instruction frequently appeals tacitly to common sense knowledge, but students have trouble when that knowledge is faulty. It is difficult for students to determine exactly what common sense knowledge is realiable without an explicit critique of CS concepts. Our survey of CS concepts of motion is intended to provide a basis for such a critique.

Halloun, Ibrahim; Hestenes, David

2009-05-25

115

Does Common Mean "the Same"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core State Standards and the attendant assessments being developed by state consortia create a tremendous opportunity and simultaneous challenge for state boards of education. Many of the issues apply to all boards, even those in states that have not adopted the standards or assessments. Boards will need to think carefully about the…

Conley, David

2012-01-01

116

Common Core: Rx for Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When David Coleman, one of the authors of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), spoke to New York educators, he stated that over the last forty years 8th grade reading scores have been flat. Despite doubling expenditures on classroom instruction, there has been little growth. Most educators are aware that what worked for the students of the…

Jaeger, Paige

2012-01-01

117

Common Core: Victory Is Yours!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses how to implement the Common Core State Standards in the classroom. She presents examples and activities that will leave teachers feeling "rosy" about tackling the new standards. She breaks down important benchmarks and shows how other teachers are doing the Core--and loving it!

Fink, Jennifer L. W.

2012-01-01

118

What Kind of Common Curriculum?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author agrees with Clyde Chitty (pp73-76 of this issue) that the current "options" system of English secondary education is inadequate for most pupils, but he rejects the Department of Education and Science's proposed common core curriculum as an inadequate and even potentially harmful alternative. (SJL)

Lawton, Denis

1980-01-01

119

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY'S COMMON FRAMEWORK  

E-print Network

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY'S COMMON FRAMEWORK FOR CRITICAL THINKING PEDAGOGY 30 October, 2012 Pathways Critical Thinking Task Force Table of Contents Framework Narrative 1-10 Introduction and Rationale 1: Critical Thinking Rubric Template Appendix B: "Purple Paper: Critical Thinking Task Force" Exhibits Exhibit

Gering, Jon C.

120

Common Misconceptions Concerning Heuristic Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the following statements about heuristic search, which are commonly held to be true: More accurate heuristics result in fewer states being ex- panded by A* and IDA*. A* expands fewer states than any other equally informed algorithm that finds optimal solutions. Any admissible heuristic can be turned into a consistent heuristic by a simple technique called .

Robert C. Holte

121

Common Misconceptions about Software Architecture  

E-print Network

Common Misconceptions about Software Architecture by Philippe Kruchten Rational Fellow Rational of these accepted ideas and show why, in my opinion, they may be misconceptions. "Architecture is design." Yes of abstraction but still be concrete enough to draw definite http://www.therationaledge.com/content/apr_01/m_misconceptions

van der Hoek, André

122

Community Commons Program Development Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community Commons (CC) is a collaborative partnership among Brevard Community College (BCC) (Florida) and over 40 social service organizations and agencies in Florida dedicated to providing education, job training, social services, recreation, and a drug free environment to communities of low income families. The project specifically seeks to…

Culp, Kieta Osteen

123

Connecticut's Common Core of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists and explains the Connecticut State Board of Education's standards of knowledge and skills for educated citizens and its policy on the skills, knowledge, and attitudes that are expected of Connecticut public secondary school graduates. The Common Core details what high school graduates ought to know and know how to do, described…

Connecticut State Board of Education, Hartford.

124

Autism: Many Genes, Common Pathways?  

PubMed Central

Autism is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental syndrome with a complex genetic etiology. It is still not clear whether autism comprises a vast collection of different disorders akin to intellectual disability or a few disorders sharing common aberrant pathways. Unifying principles among cases of autism are likely to be at the level of brain circuitry in addition to molecular pathways. PMID:18984147

Geschwind, Daniel H.

2009-01-01

125

An overview of COMMON LISP  

Microsoft Academic Search

A dialect of LISP called “COMMON LISP” is being cooperatively developed and implemented at several sites. It is a descendant of the MACLISP family of LISP dialects, and is intended to unify the several divergent efforts of the last five years. We first give an extensive history of LISP, particularly of the MACLISP branch, in order to explain in context

Guy L. Steele Jr.; Alan Bawden; Rodney A. Brooks; Richard L. Bryan; Glenn S. Burke; I. Cannon; George J. Carrette; David Dill; Scott E. Fahlman; Richard J. Fateman; Neal Feinberg; John Foderaro; Richard P. Gabriel; Joseph Ginder; Richard Greenblatt; Martin L. Griss; Earl A. Killian; John L. Kulp; Larry M. Masinter; John McCarthy; David A. Moon; William L. Scherlis; Richard M. Stallman; Walter van Roggen; Allan C. Wechsler; Daniel L. Weinreb; Jon L White; Richard Zippel; Leonard Zubkoff

1982-01-01

126

Plant Allergies Common Allergy Plants  

E-print Network

Gardening and Your Health: Plant Allergies Common Allergy Plants Trees and shrubs ash (male taken as a precaution before gardening activities - and allergy symptoms - begin. For gardeners or inhaled form, to treat your condition. Allergy shots or vaccinations can desensitize allergies

Liskiewicz, Maciej

127

CROWN/MERRILL DINING COMMONS  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OFFICES FIRESIDE LOUNGE CROWN/MERRILL DINING COMMONS BANANA JOE'S STUDENT LIFE PROVOST-MERRILL APTS. TO PARKING LOT 111 TO MERRILL COLLEGE CROWN CIRCLE CROWN LIBRARY Library - 1st floor Computer Lab Campus shuttle stop Santa Cruz Metro bus stop Stairs Elevator Restrooms CROWN COLLEGE PARKING LOT 111 #12;

Wilmers, Chris

128

SISCHMAX: Discovering common contour patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discovering common shape contour is a promising topic. However, local position and scale variance always leads to the mismatch of similar contours. In this study, we propose Shift Invariant Sparse Coding HMAX (SISCHMAX)to address this problem. Shift Invariant Sparse Coding is used to learn the configuration of line responses on the output of HMAX C1 layer. And we test the

Xiaobing Liu; Bo Zhang

2010-01-01

129

Asteraceae (Aster family) Common ragweed  

E-print Network

. Flowers and fruit Flowers are generally inconspicuous, found on terminal branches. They produce prolific amounts of pollen. The seed is enclosed in a single-seeded, woody fruit with several spikes resembling a crown. Reproduction Seeds. Back to identifying Christmas tree weeds. #12;Common ragweed continued

130

Common Rock-Forming Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of images of the common rock-forming minerals. Along with the image, the physical and chemical properties of each mineral are listed. These include: metallic or nonmetallic luster, light or dark color, chemical formula, mineral group, cleavage, general color, hardness, and other characteristics.

Weiland, Tom

131

Common sleep disorders in children.  

PubMed

Up to 50% of children will experience a sleep problem. Early identification of sleep problems may prevent negative consequences, such as daytime sleepiness, irritability, behavioral problems, learning difficulties, motor vehicle crashes in teenagers, and poor academic performance. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs in 1% to 5% of children. Polysomnography is needed to diagnose the condition because it may not be detected through history and physical examination alone. Adenotonsillectomy is the primary treatment for most children with obstructive sleep apnea. Parasomnias are common in childhood; sleepwalking, sleep talking, confusional arousals, and sleep terrors tend to occur in the first half of the night, whereas nightmares are more common in the second half of the night. Only 4% of parasomnias will persist past adolescence; thus, the best management is parental reassurance and proper safety measures. Behavioral insomnia of childhood is common and is characterized by a learned inability to fall and/or stay asleep. Management begins with consistent implementation of good sleep hygiene practices, and, in some cases, use of extinction techniques may be appropriate. Delayed sleep phase disorder is most common in adolescence, presenting as difficulty falling asleep and awakening at socially acceptable times. Treatment involves good sleep hygiene and a consistent sleep-wake schedule, with nighttime melatonin and/or morning bright light therapy as needed. Diagnosing restless legs syndrome in children can be difficult; management focuses on trigger avoidance and treatment of iron deficiency, if present. PMID:24695508

Carter, Kevin A; Hathaway, Nathanael E; Lettieri, Christine F

2014-03-01

132

COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS FOR  

E-print Network

COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS FOR Mathematics (hyperlinked pdf of standards only) Note: This document is not intended for printing, but rather provides a hyperlinked pdf for navigating the standards. Use the links SP 1 #12;Mathematics | Standards for Mathematical Practice The Standards for Mathematical Practice

Zakharov, Vladimir

133

The Common Core Math Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 40 states have now signed onto the Common Core standards in English language arts and math, which have been both celebrated as a tremendous advance and criticized as misguided and for bearing the heavy thumbprint of the federal government. This article presents an interview with Ze'ev Wurman and W. Stephen Wilson. Wurman, who was a U.S.…

Wurman, Ze'ev; Wilson, W. Stephen

2012-01-01

134

Pediatric migraine: common, yet treatable.  

PubMed

: Migraine headache is a common problem among children and adolescents that is now recognized as a significant and often debilitating condition in this population. Improved recognition and management of pediatric migraine in primary care is necessary, as there is a knowledge gap in understanding the unique features of this condition and a general reluctance to treat children. PMID:25286367

Harding, Alicia; Clark, Lynn

2014-11-16

135

Common variable immunodeficiency: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the commonest symptomatic primary antibody deficiency syndrome. The predominant manifestation is hypogammaglobulinemia. CVID is characterized by recurrent bacterial infections, especially of the upper and lower respiratory airways, and is also associated with an increased incidence of autoimmune and neoplastic disorders. Most patients are diagnosed as adults and delay in the recognition of the disease is

M. Di Renzo; A. L. Pasqui; A. Auteri

2004-01-01

136

Watershed Analysis Common Trouble Spots  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Common Trouble Spots A student doesn't have a good grasp of geography (and place names) of their chosen area. Solution: have them work with maps from the area(e.g. Google Maps: http://maps.google.com/). No ...

137

Tragedy of the common canal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses laboratory experiments to investigate the effects of alternative solutions to a common-pool resource with a unidirectional flow. The focus is on the comparative economic efficiency of communications, bilateral “Coasian” bargaining, auctions and price-based allocations. All treatments improve allocative efficiency relative to a baseline environment. Communication and bilateral bargaining are not generally as effective as market allocations. An

Charles A. Holt; Cathleen Johnson; Courtney Mallow; Sean P. Sullivan

2010-01-01

138

Common Ground: Opportunities and Possibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wraps up a theme issue that explores the common ground between the restorative justice and community justice movements and examines their effect on substance-abusing youth and the communities in which they reside. Suggests that restorative justice programs may help adolescent treatment providers in their adoption of practices to promote change and…

Kraft, M. Katherine; Muck, Randolph; Bazemore, Gordon

2001-01-01

139

NIH Roadmap & the Common Fund  

Cancer.gov

The NIH Roadmap for Medical Research is a series of high impact, trans-NIH programs supported by the NIH Common Fund. These programs address challenges that are priorities for the NIH and medical research but are issues that require the cooperation of more than one NIH institute to address.

140

Reciprocal Net: Common Molecules Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the Common Molecules Collection, this set of 3D biochemical molecule images is an educational feature from Reciprocal Net, a Web portal for crystallography research funded by the National Science Foundation and part of NSDL. The Common Molecules Collection currently offers a number of image galleries, but only a couple -- including the biochemical molecules set -- with direct life sciences application. Users can view and rotate a 3D image for each molecule provided (organized by amino acids, hormones, and nucleosides), accompanied by a brief explanation and other particulars such as chemical formula. It's a great tool for visual learners and a fun Web site to visit just for the 3D effects.

1995-01-01

141

Common Atrial and Ventricular Arrhythmias  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Cardiac arrhythmias and their clinical correlates form the basis for some of the most intriguing aspects of cardiac care.\\u000a During training, however, emphasis is often placed on care related to congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and\\u000a the treatment of dyslipidemias. Unfortunately, patient complaints related to cardiac arrhythmias are often a common reason\\u000a for a patient’s presentation to emergency rooms, for

Blair Foreman

142

Scientific Research: Commodities or Commons?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Truth is for sale today, some critics claim. The increased commodification of science corrupts it, scientific fraud is rampant and the age-old trust in science is shattered. This cynical view, although gaining in prominence, does not explain very well the surprising motivation and integrity that is still central to the scientific life. Although scientific knowledge becomes more and more treated as a commodity or as a product that is for sale, a central part of academic scientific practice is still organized according to different principles. In this paper, I critically analyze alternative models for understanding the organization of knowledge, such as the idea of the scientific commons and the gift economy of science. After weighing the diverse positive and negative aspects of free market economies of science and gift economies of science, a commons structured as a gift economy seems best suited to preserve and take advantage of the specific character of scientific knowledge. Furthermore, commons and gift economies promote the rich social texture that is important for supporting central norms of science. Some of these basic norms might break down if the gift character of science is lost. To conclude, I consider the possibility and desirability of hybrid economies of academic science, which combine aspects of gift economies and free market economies. The aim of this paper is to gain a better understanding of these deeper structural challenges faced by science policy. Such theoretical reflections should eventually assist us in formulating new policy guidelines.

Vermeir, Koen

2013-10-01

143

The Common Geometry Module (CGM).  

SciTech Connect

The Common Geometry Module (CGM) is a code library which provides geometry functionality used for mesh generation and other applications. This functionality includes that commonly found in solid modeling engines, like geometry creation, query and modification; CGM also includes capabilities not commonly found in solid modeling engines, like geometry decomposition tools and support for shared material interfaces. CGM is built upon the ACIS solid modeling engine, but also includes geometry capability developed beside and on top of ACIS. CGM can be used as-is to provide geometry functionality for codes needing this capability. However, CGM can also be extended using derived classes in C++, allowing the geometric model to serve as the basis for other applications, for example mesh generation. CGM is supported on Sun Solaris, SGI, HP, IBM, DEC, Linux and Windows NT platforms. CGM also includes support for loading ACIS models on parallel computers, using MPI-based communication. Future plans for CGM are to port it to different solid modeling engines, including Pro/Engineer or SolidWorks. CGM is being released into the public domain under an LGPL license; the ACIS-based engine is available to ACIS licensees on request.

Tautges, Timothy James

2004-12-01

144

More common than you think: common variable immune deficiency.  

PubMed

We report a challenging case of a 16-year-old male who presented with thrombocytopenia and eluded a definitive diagnosis for over 2 years. He was initially diagnosed with a viral illness, although he later developed adenopathy and splenomegaly. An evaluation by an oncologist was unrevealing. He worked on a farm with livestock exposure and was later diagnosed with an atypical, zoonotic infection. Despite appropriate antibiotic therapy, the thrombocytopenia and splenomegaly persisted. Further evaluation revealed that he has a relatively common immunologic disorder. He is currently doing well on appropriate therapy for this disorder. PMID:24381771

Aderinto, Abimbola; Mouli, Vibav; Resar, Danielle F; Resar, Linda M S

2013-01-01

145

Common Rail Injection System Development  

SciTech Connect

The collaborative research program between the Department of energy and Electro-Motive Diesels, Inc. on the development of common rail fuel injection system for locomotive diesel engines that can meet US EPA Tier 2 exhaust emissions has been completed. This final report summarizes the objectives of the program, work scope, key accomplishments and research findings. The major objectives of this project encompassed identification of appropriate injection strategies by using advanced analytical tools, development of required prototype hardware/controls, investigations of fuel spray characteristics including cavitation phenomena, and validation of hareware using a single-cylinder research locomotive diesel engine. Major milestones included: (1) a detailed modeling study using advanced mathematical models - several various injection profiles that show simultaneous reduction of NOx and particulates on a four stroke-cycle locomotive diesel engine were identified; (2) development of new common rail fuel injection hardware capable of providing these injection profiles while meeting EMD engine and injection performance specifications. This hardware was developed together with EMD's current fuel injection component supplier. (3) Analysis of fuel spray characteristics. Fuel spray numerical studies and high speed photographic imaging analyses were performed. (4) Validation of new hardware and fuel injection profiles. EMD's single-cylinder research diesel engine located at Argonne National Laboratory was used to confirm emissions and performacne predictions. These analytical ane experimental investigations resulted in optimized fuel injection profiles and engine operating conditions that yield reductions in NOx emissions from 7.8 g/bhp-hr to 5.0 g/bhp-hr at full (rated) load. Additionally, hydrocarbon and particulate emissions were reduced considerably when compared to baseline Tier I levels. The most significant finding from the injection optimization process was a 2% to 3% improvement in fuel economy over EMD's traditional Tier I engine hardware configuration. the common rail fuel injection system enabled this added benefit by virtue of an inherent capability to provide multiple injections per power stroke at high fuel rail pressures. On the basis of the findings in this study, EMD concludes that the new electronically-controlled high-pressure common rail injection system has the potential to meet locomotive Tier 2 NOx and particulates emission standards without sacrificing the fuel economy. A number of areas to further improve the injection hardware and engine operating characteristics to further exploit the benefits of common rail injection system have also been identified.

Electro-Motive,

2005-12-30

146

Multiple order common path spectrometer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention relates to a dispersive spectrometer. The spectrometer allows detection of multiple orders of light on a single focal plane array by splitting the orders spatially using a dichroic assembly. A conventional dispersion mechanism such as a defraction grating disperses the light spectrally. As a result, multiple wavelength orders can be imaged on a single focal plane array of limited spectral extent, doubling (or more) the number of spectral channels as compared to a conventional spectrometer. In addition, this is achieved in a common path device.

Newbury, Amy B. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

147

Management of common sleep disorders.  

PubMed

Sleep disorders are common and affect sleep quality and quantity, leading to increased morbidity. Patients with sleep disorders can be categorized as those who cannot sleep, those who will not sleep, those with excessive daytime sleepiness, and those with increased movements during sleep. Insomnia, defined as difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep that results in daytime impairment, is diagnosed using history findings and treated with cognitive behavior therapy, with or without sleep hypnotics. Restless legs syndrome is characterized by an urge to move the legs that worsens with rest, is relieved by movement, and often occurs in the evening or at night. Restless legs syndrome is treated based on the frequency of symptoms. Narcolepsy is characterized by excessive sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic or hypnopompic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. It is diagnosed using a sleep log or actigraphy, followed by overnight polysomnography and a multiple sleep latency test. Narcolepsy is treated with stimulants, such as modafinil; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; or gamma hydroxybutyric acid (sodium oxybate). Patients with snoring and witnessed apneas may have obstructive sleep apnea, which is diagnosed using overnight polysomnography. Continuous positive airway pressure is the most common and effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is characterized by increased muscle tone during rapid eye movement sleep, resulting in the patient acting out dreams with possible harmful consequences. It is diagnosed based on history and polysomnography findings, and treated with environmental safety measures and melatonin or clonazepam. PMID:23944726

Ramar, Kannan; Olson, Eric J

2013-08-15

148

The Common Communication Interface (CCI)  

SciTech Connect

There are many APIs for connecting and exchanging data between network peers. Each interface varies wildly based on metrics including performance, portability, and complexity. Specifically, many interfaces make design or implementation choices emphasizing some of the more desirable metrics (e.g., performance) while sacrificing others (e.g., portability). As a direct result, software developers building large, network-based applications are forced to choose a specific network API based on a complex, multi-dimensional set of criteria. Such trade-offs inevitably result in an interface that fails to deliver some desirable features. In this paper, we introduce a novel interface that both supports many features that have become standard (or otherwise generally expected) in other communication interfaces, and strives to export a small, yet powerful, interface. This new interface draws upon years of experience from network-oriented software development best practices to systems-level implementations. The goal is to create a relatively simple, high-level communication interface with low barriers to adoption while still providing important features such as scalability, resiliency, and performance. The result is the Common Communications Interface (CCI): an intuitive API that is portable, efficient, scalable, and robust to meet the needs of network-intensive applications common in HPC and cloud computing.

Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Atchley, Scott [ORNL; Dillow, David A [ORNL; Geoffray, Patrick [ORNL; Bosilca, George [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Squyres, Jeffrey M [ORNL; Minnich, Ronald [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

2011-01-01

149

49 CFR 1242.02 - Common expenses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Common expenses. 1242.02 Section 1242...RECORDS AND REPORTS SEPARATION OF COMMON OPERATING EXPENSES BETWEEN FREIGHT SERVICE...RAILROADS 1 General § 1242.02 Common expenses. The Uniform System of...

2010-10-01

150

On the Common Envelope Efficiency  

E-print Network

In this work, we try to use the apparent luminosity versus displacement (i.e., $L_{\\rm X}$ vs. $R$) correlation of high mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) to constrain the common envelope (CE) efficiency $\\alpha_{\\rm CE}$, which is a key parameter affecting the evolution of the binary orbit during the CE phase. The major updates that crucial for the CE evolution include a variable $\\lambda$ parameter and a new CE criterion for Hertzsprung gap donor stars, both of which are recently developed. We find that, within the framework of the standard energy formula for CE and core definition at mass $X=10$\\%, a high value of $\\alpha_{\\rm CE}$, i.e., around 0.8-1.0, is more preferable, while $\\alpha_{\\rm CE}core boundary in the literature, the used $\\lambda$ here still carries almost two order of magnitude uncertainty, which may translate directly to the expected value of $\\alpha_{\\rm CE}$. ...

Zuo, Zhao-Yu

2014-01-01

151

The Common Patterns of Nature  

PubMed Central

We typically observe large-scale outcomes that arise from the interactions of many hidden, small-scale processes. Examples include age of disease onset, rates of amino acid substitutions, and composition of ecological communities. The macroscopic patterns in each problem often vary around a characteristic shape that can be generated by neutral processes. A neutral generative model assumes that each microscopic process follows unbiased or random stochastic fluctuations: random connections of network nodes; amino acid substitutions with no effect on fitness; species that arise or disappear from communities randomly. These neutral generative models often match common patterns of nature. In this paper, I present the theoretical background by which we can understand why these neutral generative models are so successful. I show where the classic patterns come from, such as the Poisson pattern, the normal or Gaussian pattern, and many others. Each classic pattern was often discovered by a simple neutral generative model. The neutral patterns share a special characteristic: they describe the patterns of nature that follow from simple constraints on information. For example, any aggregation of processes that preserves information only about the mean and variance attracts to the Gaussian pattern; any aggregation that preserves information only about the mean attracts to the exponential pattern; any aggregation that preserves information only about the geometric mean attracts to the power law pattern. I present a simple and consistent informational framework of the common patterns of nature based on the method of maximum entropy. This framework shows that each neutral generative model is a special case that helps to discover a particular set of informational constraints; those informational constraints define a much wider domain of non-neutral generative processes that attract to the same neutral pattern. PMID:19538344

Frank, Steven A.

2010-01-01

152

Work and common psychiatric disorders.  

PubMed

Psychiatric disorders are now the most common reason for long-term sickness absence. The associated loss in productivity and the payment of disability benefits places a substantial burden on the economies of many developed countries. The occupational dysfunction associated with psychiatric disorders can also lead to poverty and social isolation. As a result the area of work and psychiatric disorders is a high priority for policymakers. There are two main agendas: for many researchers and clinicians the focus is on the need to overcome stigma and ensure people with severe psychiatric disorders have meaningful work; however the public health agenda predominantly relates to the more common disorders such as depression and anxiety, which contribute a greater burden of disability benefits and pensions. In this review we attempt to address this second agenda. The relatively sparse evidence available reveals a complex field with significant interplay between medical, psychological social and cultural factors. Sick leave can be a 'process' as well as an 'event'. In this review we propose a staged model where different risk and protective factors contribute to the onset of psychiatric disorders in the working population, the onset of short-term sickness absence, and the transition from short- to long-term absence. We also examine strategies to manage psychiatric disorder in the workforce with a view towards returning the employee to work. Our aim in this review is to highlight the complexity of the area, to stimulate debate and to identify important gaps in knowledge where further research might benefit both patients and wider society. PMID:21558098

Henderson, M; Harvey, S B; Overland, S; Mykletun, A; Hotopf, M

2011-05-01

153

Instruction and "The Commons". The College Connection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many academic libraries have embraced the concept of the information commons or the learning commons. These library spaces consist of collections of tools, services and programs intended to enhance the student learning experience. According to Scott Bennett (2008), an information commons supports learning, while the learning commons "enacts" the…

Kasowitz-Scheer, Abby

2009-01-01

154

Rethinking the common garden in invasion research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In common garden experiments, a number of genotypes are raised in a common environment in order to quantify the genetic component of phenotypic variation. Common gardens are thus ideally suited for disentangling how genetic and environmental factors contribute to the success of invasive species in their new non-native range. Although common garden experiments are increasingly employed in the study of

Kirk A. Moloney; Claus Holzapfel; Katja Tielbörger; Florian Jeltsch; Frank M. Schurr

2009-01-01

155

Review of the Draft K-12 Common  

E-print Network

Review of the Draft K-12 Common Core Standards Sheila Byrd CarmiChael, W. Stephen WilSon, Ga porter-maGee, and amBer m. WinKler The Common Core Reviews Common Core Standards for Mathematics (K-12) W. Stephen WilSon and GaBrielle martino Common Core Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy

Wilson, W. Stephen

156

Learning Commons Project Team Report Abridged Version  

E-print Network

Learning Commons Project Team Report Abridged Version September 14, 2007 #12;2 Learning Commons Scan 5 Conversation with the Community 7 Planning and Development 8 Learning Commons Statement established to foster the learning of all. The university library is an example of a common space where each

Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

157

Common themes in microbial pathogenicity.  

PubMed Central

A bacterial pathogen is a highly adapted microorganism which has the capacity to cause disease. The mechanisms used by pathogenic bacteria to cause infection and disease usually include an interactive group of virulence determinants, sometimes coregulated, which are suited for the interaction of a particular microorganism with a specific host. Because pathogens must overcome similar host barriers, common themes in microbial pathogenesis have evolved. However, these mechanisms are diverse between species and not necessarily conserved; instead, convergent evolution has developed several different mechanisms to overcome host barriers. The success of a bacterial pathogen can be measured by the degree with which it replicates after entering the host and reaching its specific niche. Successful microbial infection reflects persistence within a host and avoidance or neutralization of the specific and nonspecific defense mechanisms of the host. The degree of success of a pathogen is dependent upon the status of the host. As pathogens pass through a host, they are exposed to new environments. Highly adapted pathogenic organisms have developed biochemical sensors exquisitely designed to measure and respond to such environmental stimuli and accordingly to regulate a cascade of virulence determinants essential for life within the host. The pathogenic state is the product of dynamic selective pressures on microbial populations. PMID:2569162

Finlay, B B; Falkow, S

1989-01-01

158

Hemochromatosis. Common genes, uncommon illness?  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To increase family physicians' awareness of the prevalence of hemochromatosis and to suggest strategies for diagnosis and management of hemochromatosis with the goal of decreasing the development of associated life-threatening conditions. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search from January 1966 to January 2002 using the MeSH term hemochromatosis/therapy found no randomized controlled trials. A further search from January 1990 to January 2002, using the heading hemochromatosis and subheadings diagnosis, epidemiology, genetics, and therapy, found articles with level II evidence (case-control and cross-sectional studies) and level III evidence (descriptive studies and reports from expert committees). Articles were selected based on clinical relevance. MAIN MESSAGE: Hemochromatosis is the most common hereditary condition in populations of Northern European descent, affecting three to five people per thousand. Many of these people remain undiagnosed with this condition. The iron overload associated with hemochromatosis can lead to serious, life-threatening conditions, such as diabetes, hepatic cirrhosis, primary liver cancer, and cardiomyopathy. Family physicians can screen patients they suspect are at risk of hemochromatosis with simple indirect serum iron measurements (transferrin saturation and serum ferritin) and with widely available genetic tests (C282Y and H63D). Studies of families can help uncover further cases of hemochromatosis; population screening is currently under study. CONCLUSION: Family physicians can facilitate early diagnosis of hemochromatosis by maintaining a high index of suspicion in patients with early signs or symptoms or in high-risk groups, and screening these patients for hemochromatosis. PMID:12228962

Harrison, Helen; Adams, Paul C.

2002-01-01

159

Common misconceptions about cooling towers  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the design and performance of the water cooling tower. In many cases the numbers presented in a cooling tower inquiry for thermal performance design represent a more stringent condition than that found in the operation of the unit. A common misconception is to take the service factor or safety factor in the cold water temperature or the wet bulb temperature. Service factors are used in the preparation of specifications for most industrial equipment. Standards specify a minimum service factor of 2.0 for cooling tower right angle spiral bevel gears. Closing the approach (cold water temperature minus wet bulb temperature) does not vary linearly with increasing difficulty of duty for the cooling tower, and consequently does not represent a straight-line increase in size or cost. A decrease in the specified approach is equivalent to a decrease in the driving force available for the transfer of mass and heat from the water to the air stream. A decrease in approach from 20 to 19/sup 0/F would result in an increase in cost of about 5%, while a decrease from 5 to 4/sup 0/F would require about 20% more cooling tower.

Willa, J.L.; Campbell, J.C.

1983-12-01

160

Common Syndromes of Orthostatic Intolerance  

PubMed Central

The autonomic nervous system, adequate blood volume, and intact skeletal and respiratory muscle pumps are essential components for rapid cardiovascular adjustments to upright posture (orthostasis). Patients lacking sufficient blood volume or having defective sympathetic adrenergic vasoconstriction develop orthostatic hypotension (OH), prohibiting effective upright activities. OH is one form of orthostatic intolerance (OI) defined by signs, such as hypotension, and symptoms, such as lightheadedness, that occur when upright and are relieved by recumbence. Mild OI is commonly experienced during intercurrent illnesses and when standing up rapidly. The latter is denoted “initial OH” and represents a normal cardiovascular adjustment to the blood volume shifts during standing. Some people experience episodic acute OI, such as postural vasovagal syncope (fainting), or chronic OI, such as postural tachycardia syndrome, which can significantly reduce quality of life. The lifetime incidence of ?1 fainting episodes is ?40%. For the most part, these episodes are benign and self-limited, although frequent syncope episodes can be debilitating, and injury may occur from sudden falls. In this article, mechanisms for OI having components of adrenergic hypofunction, adrenergic hyperfunction, hyperpnea, and regional blood volume redistribution are discussed. Therapeutic strategies to cope with OI are proposed. PMID:23569093

2013-01-01

161

Common hyperspectral image database design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is to introduce Common hyperspectral image database with a demand-oriented Database design method (CHIDB), which comprehensively set ground-based spectra, standardized hyperspectral cube, spectral analysis together to meet some applications. The paper presents an integrated approach to retrieving spectral and spatial patterns from remotely sensed imagery using state-of-the-art data mining and advanced database technologies, some data mining ideas and functions were associated into CHIDB to make it more suitable to serve in agriculture, geological and environmental areas. A broad range of data from multiple regions of the electromagnetic spectrum is supported, including ultraviolet, visible, near-infrared, thermal infrared, and fluorescence. CHIDB is based on dotnet framework and designed by MVC architecture including five main functional modules: Data importer/exporter, Image/spectrum Viewer, Data Processor, Parameter Extractor, and On-line Analyzer. The original data were all stored in SQL server2008 for efficient search, query and update, and some advance Spectral image data Processing technology are used such as Parallel processing in C#; Finally an application case is presented in agricultural disease detecting area.

Tian, Lixun; Liao, Ningfang; Chai, Ali

2009-11-01

162

Common variable immunodeficiency - an update  

PubMed Central

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) describes a heterogeneous subset of hypogammaglobulinemias of unknown etiology. Typically, patients present with recurrent bacterial infections of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. A significant proportion of CVID patients develops additional autoimmune, inflammatory or lymphoproliferative complications. CVID is the most frequent symptomatic primary immunodeficiency encountered in adults. Informative monogenetic defects have been found in single patients and families but in most cases the pathogenesis is still elusive. Numerous immunological studies have demonstrated phenotypic and functional abnormalities of T cells, B cells and antigen-presenting cells. A hallmark is the impaired memory B-cell formation that has been taken advantage of for classifying CVID patients. Clinical multi-center studies have demonstrated a correlation between immunological markers and clinical presentation. Long-term outcome is significantly influenced by delay of diagnosis and treatment and the presence of chronic inflammatory complications. While immunoglobulin replacement therapy plus antibiotics can control infections in most cases, patients with non-infectious inflammatory complications such as granulomatous inflammation, interstitial lung disease, inflammatory bowel disease, lymphoproliferation and developing malignancies still represent a therapeutic challenge. In this review we provide a systematic overview of the immunological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of CVID and highlight recent developments in these fields. PMID:23043756

2012-01-01

163

Common Bolted Joint Analysis Tool  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Common Bolted Joint Analysis Tool (comBAT) is an Excel/VB-based bolted joint analysis/optimization program that lays out a systematic foundation for an inexperienced or seasoned analyst to determine fastener size, material, and assembly torque for a given design. Analysts are able to perform numerous what-if scenarios within minutes to arrive at an optimal solution. The program evaluates input design parameters, performs joint assembly checks, and steps through numerous calculations to arrive at several key margins of safety for each member in a joint. It also checks for joint gapping, provides fatigue calculations, and generates joint diagrams for a visual reference. Optimum fastener size and material, as well as correct torque, can then be provided. Analysis methodology, equations, and guidelines are provided throughout the solution sequence so that this program does not become a "black box:" for the analyst. There are built-in databases that reduce the legwork required by the analyst. Each step is clearly identified and results are provided in number format, as well as color-coded spelled-out words to draw user attention. The three key features of the software are robust technical content, innovative and user friendly I/O, and a large database. The program addresses every aspect of bolted joint analysis and proves to be an instructional tool at the same time. It saves analysis time, has intelligent messaging features, and catches operator errors in real time.

Imtiaz, Kauser

2011-01-01

164

On the common envelope efficiency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we try to use the apparent luminosity versus displacement (i.e. LX versus R) correlation of high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) to constrain the common envelope (CE) efficiency ?CE, which is a key parameter affecting the evolution of the binary orbit during the CE phase. The major updates that are crucial for the CE evolution include a variable ? parameter and a new CE criterion for Hertzsprung gap donor stars, both of which are recently developed. We find that, within the framework of the standard energy formula for CE and core definition at mass X = 10 per cent, a high value of ?CE, i.e. around 0.8-1.0, is more preferable, while ?CE < ˜0.4 likely can not reconstruct the observed LX versus R distribution. However, due to an ambiguous definition for the core boundary in the literature, the used ? here still carries almost two order of magnitude uncertainty, which may translate directly to the expected value of ?CE. We present the detailed components of current HMXBs and their spatial offsets from star clusters, which may be further testified by future observations of HMXB populations in nearby star-forming galaxies.

Zuo, Zhao-Yu; Li, Xiang-Dong

2014-08-01

165

No ownership of common factors.  

PubMed

Comments on the original article, "The efficacy of psychodynamic psychotherapy," by J. Shedler (see record 2010-02208-012). Shedler's informative article raised several issues worthy of comment. His choice of the word distinctive (p. 98) in describing aspects of psychodynamic technique is open to at least two interpretations. On the one hand, distinctive can have a qualitative meaning and indicate the presence of a characteristic that is not shared. For example, a sign in the Bronx Zoo distinguishes birds from all other creatures as follows: "If it has feathers it's a bird, if it doesn't, it isn't." On the other hand, distinctive can have a quantitative meaning and indicate that one practice has more of a common element than another practice. Careful reading of Shedler's article and the article by Blagys and Hilsenroth (2000) that forms the basis of the "seven features [that] reliably distinguished psychodynamic therapies from other therapies" (Shedler, 2010, p. 98) shows that Shedler subscribes to the latter, quantitative, definition of distinctive. In other words, the seven features he presented are present in both psychodynamic therapies and the cognitive-behavioral therapies to which he compares them. For example, although Shedler did not mention it, dialectical behavior therapy explicitly focuses on six of the seven features, namely, "focus on affect and expression of emotion," "exploration of attempts to avoid distressing thoughts and feelings," "identification of recurring themes and patterns," "discussion of past experience," "focus on interpersonal relations," and "focus on the therapy relationship" (Shedler, 2010, p. 99). However, in the articles that Blagys and Hilsenroth reviewed, psychodyamic therapists engaged in more of these behaviors than did cognitive-behavioral therapists. PMID:21299265

Tryon, Warren W; Tryon, Georgiana Shick

2011-01-01

166

America Must Keep the Common School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current efforts to Balkanize our public schools are contrary to the original purpose of the common school as seen by the architects of our republic. America must retain, continue to improve, and patronize the common school. (RC)

Smith, C. B.

1975-01-01

167

What Are Some Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs?  

MedlinePLUS

... some of the commonly abused prescription drugs? Prescription Drug Abuse Email Facebook Twitter What are some of the ... 2011 Contents From the Director What is prescription drug abuse? What are some of the commonly abused prescription ...

168

Common Childhood Vaccine Cuts 'Superbug' Infection: Study  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Common Childhood Vaccine Cuts 'Superbug' Infection: Study Cases of ... infections, pneumonia and meningitis. It is the most common vaccine-preventable bacterial cause of death, the researchers ...

169

Common unfoldings of polyominoes and polycubes  

E-print Network

This paper studies common unfoldings of various classes of polycubes, as well as a new type of unfolding of polyominoes. Previously, Knuth and Miller found a common unfolding of all tree-like tetracubes. By contrast, we ...

Aloupis, Greg

170

Health Conditions Common in African American Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Submit Home > Minority Women's Health > African-Americans Minority Women's Health African-Americans Health conditions common in African- ... to top Health conditions common in African-American women Asthma Breast cancer Cancer Cervical cancer Diabetes Glaucoma ...

171

Commonality of ground systems in launch operations  

E-print Network

NASA is examining the utility of requiring a certain degree of commonality in both flight and ground systems in the Constellation Program. While the benefits of commonality seem obvious in terms of minimizing upfront ...

Quinn, Shawn M

2008-01-01

172

Common Badging and Access Control System (CBACS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation presents NASA's Common Badging and Access Control System. NASA began a Smart Card implementation in January 2004. Following site surveys, it was determined that NASA's badging and access control systems required upgrades to common infrastructure in order to provide flexibly, usability, and return on investment prior to a smart card implantation. Common Badging and Access Control System (CBACS) provides the common infrastructure from which FIPS-201 compliant processes, systems, and credentials can be developed and used.

Dischinger, Portia

2005-01-01

173

Pathology and embryology of common atrioventricular canal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the terminology, classification, pathologic anatomy, embryology, and etiology of common atrioventricular (AV) canal. The designation common AV canal is preferred because it includes both the characteristic septal and leaflet defects; i.e. common AV canal is much more than an AV septal defect, as the cleft in the anterior mitral leaflet indicates. This cleft is indeed a

Richard Van Praagh; Silvio Litovsky

1999-01-01

174

49 CFR 1241.1 - Common carriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Common carriers. 1241.1 Section 1241.1 Transportation...PART I OF THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT § 1241.1 Common carriers. All common carriers subject to the provisions of...

2010-10-01

175

49 CFR 1185.5 - Common control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Common control. 1185.5 Section 1185... INTERLOCKING OFFICERS § 1185.5 Common control. It shall not be necessary...carriers if such carriers are operated under common control or management either:...

2010-10-01

176

Academic Engagement in the Library Commons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much has been written about library commons in recent years. For the most part, that literature has dealt with designing information and learning commons that support student learning by giving them the tools and resources they need for their academic work. However, few authors have discussed how a library commons might facilitate collaboration…

Bennett, Charlie; Bodnar, Jon

2010-01-01

177

Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty  

E-print Network

and services are open to all SFU students: undergraduate, graduate, international, mature, EAL/ESL, and othersStudent Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty What is the SFU Student Learning Commons? The Student Learning Commons (SLC), is an academic learning centre which provides peer-based assistance

178

A School for the Common Good  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the history and the concept of the common school from the Common School Movement reformers of the 1850s to the present. These reformers envisioned schools that were to be tuition free and open to everyone, places where rich and poor met and learned together on equal terms. Central to the concept of the common school is its…

Baines, Lawrence; Foster, Hal

2006-01-01

179

10 CFR 50.40 - Common standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Common standards. 50.40 Section 50.40...and Regulatory Approvals § 50.40 Common standards. In determining that...of the Commission, be inimical to the common defense and security or to the...

2010-01-01

180

Simplifying the ELA Common Core; Demystifying Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The English Language Arts (ELA) Common Core State Standards ([CCSS], 2010) could have a transformational effect on American education. Though the process seems daunting, one can begin immediately integrating the essence of the ELA Common Core in every subject area. This article shows how one could implement the Common Core and create coherent,…

Schmoker, Mike; Jago, Carol

2013-01-01

181

COMMON KNOWLEDGE, COHERENT UNCERTAINTIES AND CONSENSUS  

E-print Network

COMMON KNOWLEDGE, COHERENT UNCERTAINTIES AND CONSENSUS by Yakov Ben-Haim TECHNICAL REPORT ETR-2001 of Mechanical Engineering #12;Working Paper Common Knowledge, Coherent Uncertainties and Consensus Yakov Ben- and knowledge-functions, common knowledge and consensus. Our main results are that knowledge is constricted

Rimon, Elon

182

Boat electrofishing survey of common smelt and common bullies in the Ohau Channel  

E-print Network

Boat electrofishing survey of common smelt and common bullies in the Ohau Channel CBER Contract Table 3. Numbers and densities of common smelt and common bullies at sites in the Ohau Channel that were bully and common smelt in the Ohau Channel on 13 December 2007

Waikato, University of

183

29 CFR 779.219 - Unified operation may be achieved without common control or common ownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Unified operation may be achieved without common control or common ownership. 779.219 Section 779.219 Labor...Apply; Enterprise Coverage Unified Operation Or Common Control § 779.219 Unified operation may be...

2010-07-01

184

Diagnosis and management of common fetal arrhythmias  

PubMed Central

Fetal arrhythmias are detected in at least 2% of unselected pregnancies during routine obstetrical scans. Most common are transient, brief episodes of a slow or fast heart rate or of an irregular heart rhythm. Less common are prolonged or persistent abnormalities such as supraventricular tachycardia and complete heart block which may lead to low cardiac output, fetal hydrops and demise. The objectives of this review are to update the reader on the diagnosis and management of the more common arrhythmias. PMID:23960639

Weber, Roland; Stambach, Dominik; Jaeggi, Edgar

2011-01-01

185

Common Misconceptions about Biomes and Ecosystems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes some common misconceptions that elementary students may have about biomes and ecosystems. It also includes suggestions for formative assessment and teaching for conceptual change.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

186

Antibodies to Neospora caninum in wild animals from Kenya, East Africa.  

PubMed

The prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum was examined in six wild Artiodactyla species, and in five wild Carnivora species from Kenya. Blood sera (104 wild ungulates from Marula Estates (MEs), and 31 wild carnivores from Masai-Mara reserve and from other wildlife areas in northern and Southern Kenya), were screened using a Neospora agglutination test (NAT), with a twofold dilution (1:40-1:320 titres). Presence of NAT antibodies to N. caninun is reported here for the first time in zebra (Equus burchelli), eland (Taurotragus oryx), African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), Thompson gazelle (Gazella thompsoni), impala (Aepyceros melampus), warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) and in free-ranging cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). At 1:80 dilution, prevalence was 61.5% in eland, 58.5% in zebra, 19.2% in Thompson gazelle, 33.3% in warthog, 50% in African buffalo, 30% in lion (Panthera leo), 20% in cheetah, and 33.3% in spotted hyena. Antibodies up to 1:320 titre were detected in eland (38.4%), zebra (19.5%), Thompson gazelle (3.8%) and lion (5%). Amongst herbivores, sero-prevalence was significantly (P<0.05) higher, at all dilutions, in "grazer/digger" species (e.g. eland and zebra) than in non-"grazer/digger" species (e.g. impala and Thompson gazelle). No antibodies to N. caninum were found in two leopards (Panthera pardus) and one serval (Felis serval). Our results indicates a steady presence of N. caninum in wild mammals from Kenya. The hypothesis of a sylvatic cycle of N. caninum could be suggested, but more data are needed to verify the hypothesis, as to evaluate the role of N. caninum infection on the dynamics of wild animals population in the study area. PMID:14651874

Ferroglio, E; Wambwa, E; Castiello, M; Trisciuoglio, A; Prouteau, A; Pradere, E; Ndungu, S; De Meneghi, D

2003-12-01

187

Common Standards for Career Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of College and Career Readiness has developed the "Common Standards for Career Education Programs." The six common standards are: (1) Program Management and Planning; (2) Curriculum; (3) Instruction; (4) Professional Development; (5) Career and Technical Student Organizations; and (6) Instructional Facilities and Equipment. These…

Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2012

2012-01-01

188

A Spatial Analysis of Common Property Deforestation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops and tests a theory of common property deforestation over space. The model examines both the spatial distribution of forest loss and the total amount of deforestation within a given community, showing how these outcomes are jointly determined. We estimate the equations of the model in a four step process using data from 318 Mexican common properties. In

Jennifer Alix-Garciay

189

Commonality Analysis for the Regression Case.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commonality analysis is a procedure for decomposing the coefficient of determination (R superscript 2) in multiple regression analyses into the percent of variance in the dependent variable associated with each independent variable uniquely, and the proportion of explained variance associated with the common effects of predictors in various…

Murthy, Kavita

190

Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a seminal paper, Garrett Hardin argued in 1968 that users of a commons are caught in an inevitable process that leads to the destruction of the resources on which they depend. This article discusses new insights about such problems and the conditions most likely to favor sustainable uses of common-pool resources. Some of the most difficult challenges concern the

Elinor Ostrom; Joanna Burger; Christopher B. Field; Richard B. Norgaard; David Policansky

1999-01-01

191

Insights into The Commons on Flickr  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commons on Flickr, comprised of an international community of select libraries, museums, and archives, was a project initially launched in 2008 by the Library of Congress and Flickr. Primary goals of The Commons are to broaden exposure to rich cultural heritage photographs and to observe and participate in the communities of engagement and…

Vaughan, Jason

2010-01-01

192

Common Core in the Real World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are at least four key places where the Common Core intersects with current efforts to improve education in the United States--testing, professional development, expectations, and accountability. Understanding them can help educators, parents, and policymakers maximize the chance that the Common Core is helpful to these efforts and, perhaps…

Hess, Frederick M.; McShane, Michael Q.

2013-01-01

193

Private Schools Opt for Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The common standards are not just for public schools. With all but four states having adopted them since 2010, districts have little choice but to implement the Common Core State Standards. But many private schools are also making the transition. Many Roman Catholic, Lutheran, and other private schools have adopted at least portions of the…

Robelen, Erik W.

2012-01-01

194

The Dimensions of Common Factors in Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Common factors is a concept that offers an explanation as to what makes counseling effective. Evidence from outcome studies has implications for training and practice. The particular purpose of this paper is to review the components of a popular model of common factors, the evidence supporting them, and subsequent implications for counselor…

Leibert, Todd W.

2011-01-01

195

University of South Florida Scholar Commons  

E-print Network

: May 31, 2013 Keywords: chlorothalonil, freshwater ecosystem and function, disease, immunity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Commons, and the Parasitology Commons This Dissertation is brought to you for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy with a concentration in Ecology and Evolution Biology Department

Lajeunesse, Marc J.

196

Common hardware-in-the-loop development  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach to streamline the Hardware-In-the-Loop (HWIL) simulation development process is under evaluation. With increased microprocessor speed, FPGA capacity and increased bus bandwidth over the last decade, a common interface design may be able to support a large number of HWIL interfaces that were previously custom designed interfaces. The Common HWIL approach will attempt to provide a more flexible, scalable

Hajin J. Kim; Stephen G. Moss

2009-01-01

197

Common hardware-in-the-loop development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An approach to streamline the Hardware-In-the-Loop (HWIL) simulation development process is under evaluation. This Common HWIL technique will attempt to provide a more flexible, scalable system. The overall goal of the Common HWIL system will be to reduce cost by minimizing redundant development, operational labor and equipment expense. This paper will present current results and future plans of the development.

Kim, Hajin J.; Moss, Stephen G.

2010-04-01

198

96 RestoRative Commons Urban Gardens  

E-print Network

96 RestoRative Commons #12;97 Urban Gardens: Catalysts for Restorative Commons Infrastructure John gardening through community gardens that urban nature began to support neighborhood values, gathering in Brooklyn (2006). PhotoS uSed with PermiSSion by PhotoGrAPher John Seitz #12;99URBan GaRDens in some cases

199

CASL: the Common Algebraic Specification Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Common Algebraic Specification Language (CASL) is an expressive language for the formal specification of functional requirements and modular design of software. It has been designed by COFI, the international Common Framework Initiative for algebraic specification and development. It is based on a critical selection of features that have already been explored in various contexts, including subsorts, partial functions, first-order

Egidio Astesiano; Michel Bidoit; Hélène Kirchner; Bernd Krieg-brückner; Peter D. Mosses; Donald Sannella; Andrzej Tarlecki

2002-01-01

200

Experience Programming Radiotherapy Applications in Common Lisp  

E-print Network

Experience Programming Radiotherapy Applications in Common Lisp Ira J. Kalet, Ph.D. 1, Jonathan M experience using Common Lisp 1] as the programming language for a new radiation treatment planning (RTP intelligence tools and to take advantage of the most advanced computer graphic display and networking

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

201

The Not-So-Common School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolving common school is public, community-based, supported by public taxation, and a secular alternative available to parents and their children. The "not-so-common" school, an example of which is Mendel Catholic High School (Chicago, Illinois), features curriculum constructed by professionals, religious training, and determination to…

McPherson, R. Bruce; McPherson, Carolyn M.

1982-01-01

202

PBS Learning Media Common Core Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection provides a selection of 300 resources from PBS Learning Media, selected because they support the represent approaches to using digital media to support the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects, the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, or the approaches to science education detailed in the Framework for K-12 Science Education.

2013-10-01

203

Just the Facts: Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about the Common Core State Standards and what they mean to teachers and their students. The Common Core State Standards Initiative provides an opportunity for classroom practitioners across the nation to hone their skills, focus on student learning, and ensure that all the students they serve will be working…

Williams, Cheryl Scott

2012-01-01

204

The Common Core Mathematics Standards: Implications for  

E-print Network

The Common Core Mathematics Standards: Implications for Administrators Crystal Mountain Resort, MI twenty years. By 2014, the Common Core Mathematics Standards (CCMS) will be phased in. Will it be just June 22, 2011 H. Wu #12;Many sets of state and national math standards have come and gone in the past

Wu, Hung-Hsi

205

Designing Professional Development around the Common Core  

E-print Network

Designing Professional Development around the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice Preparation of Teachers: The Impact of the Common Core State Standards Initiative January 7, 2012 #12;The Standards for Mathematical Practice #12;The Standards for Mathematical Practice "varieties of expertise

Belding, Juliana

206

Common Core Exploring Language Literacy in  

E-print Network

Common Core Standards Exploring Language Literacy in Middle & Secondary Science (ELLMS2 ) Sponsored the Common Core Stand- ards for Literacy in the Content Areas, the North Carolina Essential Science Standards, including: Lessons developed to incorporate literacy Sample student work and assessment data Standardized

Thaxton, Christopher S.

207

Go Figure: Math and the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article about the Common Core State Standards and mathematics, the author wanted to point out what's familiar in these standards and to give teachers clear access to what's different about them. She wanted to emphasize what has made her passionate about the Common Core standards--which is their two-part structure: Standards for…

Burns, Marilyn

2013-01-01

208

Common variable immune deficiency and autoimmunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous syndrome characterized by various degrees of hypogammaglobulinemia. Similar to many immunodeficiency disorders, autoimmunity is common with an association with autoimmune cytopenias, a sarcoidosis-like disorder and inflammatory bowel disease. Recent efforts have characterized selective immunological defects and genetic associations in CVID and demonstrate an increased tendency towards loss of tolerance. The mainstay of treatment

Daniel Brandt; M. Eric Gershwin

2006-01-01

209

The Common Forces: Conservative or Nonconservative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the forces commonly encountered when solving problems in Newtonian mechanics, introductory texts usually limit illustrations of the definitions of conservative and nonconservative forces to gravity, spring forces, kinetic friction and fluid resistance. However, at the expense of very little class time, the question of whether each of the common

Keeports, David

2006-01-01

210

Tragedy of the commons in Melipona bees.  

PubMed Central

In human society selfish use of common resources can lead to disaster, a situation known as the 'tragedy of the commons' (TOC). Although a TOC is usually prevented by coercion, theory predicts that close kinship ties can also favour reduced exploitation. We test this prediction using data on a TOC occurring in Melipona bee societies. PMID:15504003

Wenseleers, Tom; Ratnieks, Francis L W

2004-01-01

211

40 Common Minerals and Their Uses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Of the ninety two elements found in the Earth, forty of them are used in our daily lives. Some of the names are common and well known, and others seem obscure until one sees that it helps create something we cannot live without. This page describes these 40 common minerals.

Gold-Traders (UK) Ltd.

212

Commonality of Ground Systems in Launch Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is examining the utility of requiring a certain degree of commonality in both flight and ground systems in the Constellation Program. While the benefits of commonality seem obvious in terms of minimizing upfront development and long-term operations and maintenance costs, success in real, large-scale engineering systems used to support launch operations is relatively unknown. A broad literature review conducted for this paper did not yield a single paper specifically addressing the application of commonality for ground systems at any launch site in the United States or abroad. This paper provides a broad overview of the ground systems, captures historical and current application of commonality at the launch site, and offers suggestions for additional research to further develop commonality approaches.

Quinn, Shawn M.

2008-01-01

213

Common hardware-in-the-loop development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An approach to streamline the Hardware-In-the-Loop (HWIL) simulation development process is under evaluation. With increased microprocessor speed, FPGA capacity and increased bus bandwidth over the last decade, a common interface design may be able to support a large number of HWIL interfaces that were previously custom designed interfaces. The Common HWIL approach will attempt to provide a more flexible, scalable system. The overall goal of the Common HWIL system will be to reduce cost by minimizing redundant development and operational labor and equipment expenses. This paper will present current results and future plans of the development.

Kim, Hajin J.; Moss, Stephen G.

2009-05-01

214

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis & septicaemia  

E-print Network

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis & septicaemia � Meningitis Trust July 2011 � Next review July rates may vary. The Meningitis Trust relies on voluntary donations to provide lifelong support for people affected by meningitis Meningitis Septicaemia Meningitis & Septicaemia Meningococcal Septicaemia

215

Facemail : preventing common errors when composing email  

E-print Network

Facemail is a system designed to investigate and prevent common errors that users make while composing emails. Users often accidentally send email to incorrect recipients by mistyping an email address, accidentally clicking ...

Lieberman, Eric (Eric W.)

2006-01-01

216

Common Cause Failure Modeling: Aerospace Versus Nuclear  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aggregate nuclear plant failure data is used to produce generic common-cause factors that are specifically for use in the common-cause failure models of NUREG/CR-5485. Furthermore, the models presented in NUREG/CR-5485 are specifically designed to incorporate two significantly distinct assumptions about the methods of surveillance testing from whence this aggregate failure data came. What are the implications of using these NUREG generic factors to model the common-cause failures of aerospace systems? Herein, the implications of using the NUREG generic factors in the modeling of aerospace systems are investigated in detail and strong recommendations for modeling the common-cause failures of aerospace systems are given.

Stott, James E.; Britton, Paul; Ring, Robert W.; Hark, Frank; Hatfield, G. Spencer

2010-01-01

217

Inquiry, New Literacies, and the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For 21st century learning, students need to be well versed in techniques for inquiry using new literacies. Developing these skills also will meet the rigorous expectations of the Common Core State Standards.

Stegman, Bridget

2014-01-01

218

Constructing Commons in the Cultural Environment  

E-print Network

Boyle focuses on the rhetoric of authorship and invention metaphors in order to expose the political character of property law.Boyle, supra note 4. CONSTRUCTING COMMONS IN THE CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT Draft of August 27, 2008 the law.

Madison, Michael J.; Frischmann, Brett M.; Strandburg, Katherine J.

2008-01-01

219

Common Misconceptions about Icebergs and Glaciers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes some common misconceptions that elementary students may have about icebergs and glaciers (including density and buoyancy). It also includes suggestions for formative assessment and teaching for conceptual change.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

220

Genetics Home Reference: Common variable immune deficiency  

MedlinePLUS

... 25 percent of people with CVID have an autoimmune disorder, which occurs when the immune system malfunctions and ... autoimmune attacks in CVID; the most commonly occurring autoimmune disorders are immune thrombocytopenia purpura, which is an abnormal ...

221

Commonality analysis for exploration life support systems  

E-print Network

Commonality, defined practically as the use of similar technologies to deliver similar functions across a range of different complex systems, offers opportunities to improve the lifecycle costs of portfolios of complex ...

Cunio, Phillip M

2008-01-01

222

What Are Common Treatments for Down Syndrome?  

MedlinePLUS

... Publications En Español What are common treatments for Down syndrome? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ... Content There is no single, standard treatment for Down syndrome. Treatments are based on each individual's physical and ...

223

What Are Common Symptoms of Down Syndrome?  

MedlinePLUS

... Publications En Español What are common symptoms of Down syndrome? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content The symptoms of Down syndrome vary from person to person, and people with ...

224

What Are Common Treatments for Turner Syndrome?  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources and Publications What are common treatments for Turner syndrome? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content Although there is no cure for Turner syndrome, some treatments can help minimize its symptoms. These ...

225

Some Less Commonly Used Forms of Grouping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes some of the less commonly used forms of grouping; namely, needs groups, interest groups, research groups, tutorial groups, the Joplin Plan, departmentalized teaching, the ungraded primary plan, multigrade and multiage grouping, and the dual progress plan. (Author)

Miller, Wilma H.

1971-01-01

226

The Mexican Common Property Forestry Sector  

E-print Network

agrarian law, outright ownership of forests is unlikely toforests in the most forested developing countries under local communal reserve or ownership (Forests remain as common property. Technically, the Mexican government retains ownership

Antinori, Camille M.; Rausser, Gordon C.

2010-01-01

227

Changing Perspective... Common themes throughout past papers  

E-print Network

Changing Perspective... · Common themes throughout past papers · Repeated simple games with small simulation of the game to get the expected payoff for each agent. · Payoffs are independent of type

Chen, Yiling

228

XP. A Common Lisp Pretty Printing System  

E-print Network

XP provides efficient and flexible support for pretty printing in Common Lisp. Its single greatest advantage is that it allows the full benefits of pretty printing to be obtained when printing data structures, as well ...

Waters, Richard C.

1989-03-01

229

A common-view disciplined oscillator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a common-view disciplined oscillator (CVDO) that locks to a reference time scale through the use of common-view global positioning system (GPS) satellite measurements. The CVDO employs a proportional-integral-derivative controller that obtains near real-time common-view GPS measurements from the internet and provides steering corrections to a local oscillator. A CVDO can be locked to any time scale that makes real-time common-view data available and can serve as a high-accuracy, self-calibrating frequency and time standard. Measurement results are presented where a CVDO is locked to UTC(NIST), the coordinated universal time scale maintained at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, Colorado.

Lombardi, Michael A. [Time and Frequency Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Dahlen, Aaron P. [Loran Support Unit, United States Coast Guard (USCG), Wildwood, New Jersey 08260 (United States)

2010-05-15

230

Get Answers to Common Questions About...  

Cancer.gov

Get Answers to Common Questions About... Biological Specimens Drug Availability, Labeling and Distribution Ethics Indemnity Insurance Planning Clinical Trials and Navigating Regulatory Requirements Protocols Quality Assurance and Monitoring Software

231

Coming This Fall: Common Chinese Medicinal Plants  

E-print Network

medicinal plants and their products. 2. Learn the methods of Chinese herbal classification;2 2. To introduce students the philosophy of Traditional Chinese Medicine and herbal uses. 3Coming This Fall: Common Chinese Medicinal Plants Identification, Classification and Application

Weiblen, George D

232

What Are Common Symptoms of Phenylketonuria (PKU)?  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources and Publications What are common symptoms of phenylketonuria (PKU)? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content Children with untreated PKU appear normal at birth. But by age 3 ...

233

Microcredit, Social Capital, and Common Pool Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a conceptual scheme for understanding the impact of microcredit—small loans to poor borrowers—on common pool resources. Impacts on common pool resources are posited to occur through changes in household production and consumption, the focus on women, and the social capital created from group training, decision-making, and risk-bearing with the group lending techniques characteristic of many microcredit programs.

Rachel Nugent; Laura Locker

2002-01-01

234

Common Badging and Access Control System (CBACS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goals of the project are: Achieve high business value through a common badging and access control system that integrates with smart cards. Provide physical (versus logical) deployment of smart cards initially. Provides a common consistent and reliable environment into which to release the smart card. Gives opportunity to develop agency-wide consistent processes, practices and policies. Enables enterprise data capture and management. Promotes data validation prior to SC issuance.

Baldridge, Tim

2005-01-01

235

Common Factors in Effective HIV Prevention Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a set of common factors in evidence-based interventions (EBI) for HIV prevention, which cut across theoretical\\u000a models of behavior change. Three existing literatures support this agenda: (1) Common factors in psychotherapy; (2) core elements\\u000a from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention EBIs; and (3) component analyses of EBI. To stimulate discussion among\\u000a prevention researchers, we propose a

Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus; Dallas Swendeman; Diane Flannery; Eric Rice; David M. Adamson; Barbara Ingram

2009-01-01

236

Common Metrics for Human-Robot Interaction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes an effort to identify common metrics for task-oriented human-robot interaction (HRI). We begin by discussing the need for a toolkit of HRI metrics. We then describe the framework of our work and identify important biasing factors that must be taken into consideration. Finally, we present suggested common metrics for standardization and a case study. Preparation of a larger, more detailed toolkit is in progress.

Steinfeld, Aaron; Lewis, Michael; Fong, Terrence; Scholtz, Jean; Schultz, Alan; Kaber, David; Goodrich, Michael

2006-01-01

237

Common yew intoxication: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Taxine alkaloids cause fatal poisoning, in particular due to the compound’s toxic effect on the cardiovascular apparatus. Case presentation We describe the case of a 39-year-old Caucasian man with common yew intoxication for whom cardiopulmonary resuscitation using all available methods, although delayed and extended, was successful. Conclusions Extended and delayed cardiopulmonary resuscitation can be used successfully to treat common yew intoxication. PMID:24383932

2014-01-01

238

Testing the Hardness of Common Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity gives students practice and a chance to develop expertise in using the test for hardness in identifying common minerals. Following a discussion and an introduction to Moh's scale, the students will work in groups to test minerals whose identities are known against their standards (common substances whose hardnesses are known). Once the known minerals have been tested, the students can proceed to test unknown samples. A student worksheet and discussion questions are provided.

239

A common language for computer security incidents  

SciTech Connect

Much of the computer security information regularly gathered and disseminated by individuals and organizations cannot currently be combined or compared because a common language has yet to emerge in the field of computer security. A common language consists of terms and taxonomies (principles of classification) which enable the gathering, exchange and comparison of information. This paper presents the results of a project to develop such a common language for computer security incidents. This project results from cooperation between the Security and Networking Research Group at the Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, and the CERT{reg_sign} Coordination Center at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. This Common Language Project was not an effort to develop a comprehensive dictionary of terms used in the field of computer security. Instead, the authors developed a minimum set of high-level terms, along with a structure indicating their relationship (a taxonomy), which can be used to classify and understand computer security incident information. They hope these high-level terms and their structure will gain wide acceptance, be useful, and most importantly, enable the exchange and comparison of computer security incident information. They anticipate, however, that individuals and organizations will continue to use their own terms, which may be more specific both in meaning and use. They designed the common language to enable these lower-level terms to be classified within the common language structure.

John D. Howard; Thomas A Longstaff

1998-10-01

240

Articulating voices from the commons, interpretation, translation, and facilitation: Roles and modes for common property scholarship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article suggests that common property scholarships has a critically important contribution to make to natural resource management, but that it has not been adept in doing so. Its analysis, or interpretive voice, needs to be more multidirectional, polyidiomatic, and reflexively rapid. Beyond this, common property scholarship has a translative role, inserting the voices of the commons into larger decision?making

Marshall W. Murphree

1997-01-01

241

Something in Common: The Common Core Standards and the Next Chapter in American Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Something in Common" is the first book to provide a detailed look at the groundbreaking Common Core State Standards and their potential to transform American education. This book tells the story of the unfolding political drama around the making of the Common Core State Standards for math and English language arts, which were adopted by 43 states…

Rothman, Robert

2011-01-01

242

What is the Ecosystem Commons? Why do we need the Ecosystem Commons?  

E-print Network

What is the Ecosystem Commons? Why do we need the Ecosystem Commons? The overarching goal of Ecosystem Commons is to enhance the use of ecosystem services and related science in conservation at regional and national ecosystem services events and conferences Provide news and information

Escher, Christine

243

Learning Commons @ UConn Assessment Report Use and Satisfaction of the Learning Commons  

E-print Network

Learning Commons @ UConn Assessment Report Use and Satisfaction of the Learning Commons Kate Fuller December, 2009 This report is written specifically for the UConn Learning Commons, drawing from data) Libraries and the Institute for Teaching and Learning began developing a plan to establish a learning

Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

244

Oncologic conditions that simulate common sports injuries.  

PubMed

Primary bone and soft-tissue tumors that mimic common sports injuries are relatively rare and are not often encountered by most orthopaedists. Prompt and accurate diagnosis of these tumors is crucial to maximize the clinical outcome. Many bone and soft-tissue tumors present disproportionately in young and active patients who are often involved in athletic activities. Thus, the clinician may misdiagnose these rare tumors as more common sports injuries. Symptoms that should raise suspicion for a neoplastic process include pain unrelated to activity and a clinical course that does not follow the typically expected recovery for a common sports injury. An awareness of the salient features of several bone and soft-tissue tumors as well as nononcologic processes that may simulate sports injuries can aid clinicians in the prompt diagnosis and clinical decision making of these rare tumors. PMID:24668352

Krych, Aaron; Odland, Andrew; Rose, Peter; Dahm, Diane; Levy, Bruce; Wenger, Doris; Stuart, Michael; Sim, Franklin

2014-04-01

245

Common post-operative complications in children  

PubMed Central

The exact incidence of common post-operative complications in children is not known. Most common one is post-operative nausea and vomiting followed by respiratory complications leading to hypoxia. Cardiac complications are less in children without associated congenital cardiac anomaly. Post-operative shivering, agitation and delirium are seen more often in children anaesthetised with newer inhalational agents like sevoflurane and desflurane. Urinary retention in the post-operative period could be influenced by anaesthetic drugs and regional blocks. The purpose of this article is to review the literature and present to the postgraduate students comprehensive information about the current understanding and practice pattern on various common complications in the post-operative period. Extensive literature was searched with key words of various complications from Pubmed, Google scholar and specific journal, namely paediatric anaesthesia. The relevant articles, review article meta-analysis and editorials were the primary source of information for this article. PMID:23293390

Pawar, Dilip

2012-01-01

246

Ethical theory, "common morality," and professional obligations.  

PubMed

We have two aims in this paper. The first is negative: to demonstrate the problems in Bernard Gert's account of common morality, in particular as it applies to professional morality. The second is positive: to suggest a more satisfactory explanation of the moral basis of professional role morality, albeit one that is broadly consistent with Gert's notion of common morality, but corrects and supplements Gert's theory. The paper is in three sections. In the first, we sketch the main features of Gert's account of common morality in general. In the second, we outline Gert's explanation of the source of professional moral rules and demonstrate its inadequacy. In the third section, we provide an account of our own collectivist needs-based view of the source of the role-moral obligations of many professional roles, including those of health care professionals. PMID:19199076

Alexandra, Andrew; Miller, Seumas

2009-01-01

247

Biologic Commonalities between Mental Illness and Addiction  

PubMed Central

Epidemiologic studies indicate that co-occurring substance use disorders and psychiatric disorders are frequently found in clinical practice. From a neurobiologic perspective, what do these two seemingly different groups of disorders have in common? Currently, several hypotheses are postulated to explain the high rates of comorbidity. Chronic alcohol and drug use may lead to neuroadaptation in the biologic systems mediating psychiatric disorders. Conversely, co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUDs) may represent phenotypic expressions of common premorbid neurobiologic abnormalities. Similar alterations in the dopamine-mediated reward system and various neurotransmitter systems including glutamate, ?-aminobutyric acid, and serotonin are found in both SUDs and numerous psychiatric disorders. Stress and chronic distress with the resultant activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and stress system has also been implicated in the pathophysiology of both psychiatric disorders and SUDs. Better understanding the commonalities between the two groups of disorders should lead to more efficacious treatments and targeted prevention strategies. PMID:17062541

Hartwell, Karen J.; Tolliver, Bryan K.; Brady, Kathleen T.

2013-01-01

248

Economic Analysis of Social Common Capital  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social common capital provides members of society with those services and institutional arrangements that are crucial in maintaining human and cultural life. The term æsocial common capital' is comprised of three categories: natural capital, social infrastructure, and institutional capital. Natural capital consists of all natural environment and natural resources including the earth's atmosphere. Social infrastructure consists of roads, bridges, public transportation systems, electricity, and other public utilities. Institutional capital includes hospitals, educational institutions, judicial and police systems, public administrative services, financial and monetary institutions, and cultural capital. This book attempts to modify and extend the theoretical premises of orthodox economic theory to make them broad enough to analyze the economic implications of social common capital. It further aims to find the institutional arrangements and policy measures that will bring about the optimal state of affairs.

Uzawa, Hirofumi

2005-06-01

249

Right heart failure: toward a common language  

PubMed Central

Abstract In this guideline, the International Right Heart Foundation Working Group moves a step forward to develop a common language to describe the development and defects that exemplify the common syndrome of right heart failure. We first propose fundamental definitions of the distinctive components of the right heart circulation and provide consensus on a universal definition of right heart failure. These definitions will form the foundation for describing a uniform nomenclature for right heart circulatory failure with a view to foster collaborative research initiatives and conjoint education in an effort to provide insight into mechanisms of disease unique to the right heart. PMID:25006413

2013-01-01

250

Common anorectal conditions: evaluation and treatment.  

PubMed

Anorectal conditions are frequently encountered clinical entities but are often misunderstood and misdiagnosed. Although the most common anorectal disorders are not considered life threatening, they can negatively impact patients' activities of daily living and quality of life. Comprehensive anorectal examination, including the use of anoscopy, has become a "lost art," and graduate medical education programs should utilize more formal training in this area. This review discusses the comprehensive anorectal exam and the diagnosis and management of three common anorectal disorders: hemorrhoids, anal fissure, and pruritus ani. PMID:25189660

Henderson, Phillip K; Cash, Brooks D

2014-10-01

251

Less common neoplasms of the pancreas  

PubMed Central

Recently, there has been an increased recognition of neoplasms of the pancreas other than ductal adenocarcinoma. Although not as well studied or characterized as pancreatic adenocarcinoma there are many distinct lesions which exhibit diverse biological behaviors and varying degrees of malignancy. These lesions include: endocrine neoplasms, cystic tumors, solid pseudopapillary tumors, acinar cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, primary lymphoma of the pancreas, and metastatic lesions to the pancreas. These less common neoplasms are being diagnosed more frequently as the number and sensitivity of diagnostic imaging studies increase. This review article discusses the clinical course, diagnosis, and treatment of these less common, but quite relevant, neoplasms of the pancreas. PMID:16718837

Mulkeen, Abby L; Yoo, Peter S; Cha, Charles

2006-01-01

252

5.NF Finding Common Denominators to Add  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: To add fractions, we usually first find a common denominator. Find two different common denominators for $\\frac{1}{5}$ and $\\frac{1}{15}$. Use each com...

253

Open Educational Resources Commons: Science and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Open Educational Resources (OER) Commons is an open network of course materials and other educational resources, for all levels, that are freely available online for the use of educators, students, and self-learners. Materials include full courses, course modules, syllabi, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, lab and classroom activities, pedagogical materials, games, simulations, and many other items. The science and technology section of OER Commons provides access to thousands of resources in all areas of science and technology. Each resource is accompanied by metadata, including type, subject, grade level, a rating, and other kinds of information. Users are also invited to submit resources for others to share.

254

29 CFR 779.221 - “Common control” defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Apply; Enterprise Coverage Unified Operation Or Common Control § 779.221 “Common control” defined. Under the definition the...includes all related activities performed through “common control” for a common business...

2010-07-01

255

Is there an unobserved components common cycle for Australasia? Implications for a common currency  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use unobserved components methodology to establish an Australasian common cycle, and assess the extent to which region-specific cycles of Australian states and New Zealand are additionally important. West Australian and New Zealand region-specific growth cycles have exhibited distinctively different features, relative to the common cycle. For every Australasian region, the region-specific cycle variance dominates that of the common cycle,

Viv B. Hall; C. John McDermott

2012-01-01

256

Common Interview Questions: Tell me about yourself.  

E-print Network

you/your parents born? What is your religion? What race are you? What type of military dischargeCommon Interview Questions: Tell me about yourself. What are your strengths and weaknesses of the orglorganization? How do you establish a working relationship with new people? What prompted you to study

Zhou, Chongwu

257

Certification Issues for Some Common Aquaculture Species  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is interest in certification of aquaculture production facilities in response to concerns about negative environmental and social impacts and food safety. This study identifies issues to be considered by stakeholders in developing certification standards for channel catfish, tilapias, rainbow trout, oysters, mussels, clams, scallops, abalone, and seaweed. Common issues include land and water use, water pollution, benthic effects, effects

Claude E. Boyd; Aaron A. McNevin; Jason Clay; Howard M. Johnson

2005-01-01

258

Is there a common factor for vision?  

PubMed

In cognition, common factors play a crucial role. For example, different types of intelligence are highly correlated, pointing to a common factor, which is often called g. One might expect that a similar common factor would also exist for vision. Surprisingly, no one in the field has addressed this issue. Here, we provide the first evidence that there is no common factor for vision. We tested 40 healthy students’ performance in six basic visual paradigms: visual acuity, vernier discrimination,two visual backward masking paradigms, Gabor detection, and bisection discrimination. One might expect that performance levels on these tasks would be highly correlated because some individuals generally have better vision than others due to superior optics,better retinal or cortical processing, or enriched visual experience. However, only four out of 15 correlations were significant, two of which were nontrivial. These results cannot be explained by high intraobserver variability or ceiling effects because test–retest reliability was high and the variance in our student population is commensurate with that from other studies with well sighted populations. Using a variety of tests (e.g., principal components analysis, Bayes theorem, test–retest reliability), we show the robustness of our null results. We suggest that neuroplasticity operates during everyday experience to generate marked individual differences. Our results apply only to the normally sighted population (i.e., restricted range sampling). For the entire population, including those with degenerate vision, we expect different results. PMID:24993018

Cappe, Céline; Clarke, Aaron; Mohr, Christine; Herzog, Michael H

2014-01-01

259

Chromosome Connections: Compelling Clues to Common Ancestry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students compare banding patterns on hominid chromosomes and see striking evidence of their common ancestry. To test this, human chromosome no. 2 is matched with two shorter chimpanzee chromosomes, leading to the hypothesis that human chromosome 2 resulted from the fusion of the two shorter chromosomes. Students test that hypothesis by looking for…

Flammer, Larry

2013-01-01

260

Sport and common?sense racial science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper confronts the salience of arguments that identify the racial basis of athletic ability. It is argued that these notions of racial athleticism are developed through the interaction between ideas and ways of thinking about human beings and racial groups, reflecting Gramsci's concept of ‘common sense’ that explores the complex correspondence between the presentation of fact and opinion, science

BRETT ST LOUIS

2004-01-01

261

A Common Core: Thais and Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thais and U.S. citizens have a number of striking cultural similarities. Both prize the freedoms they enjoy, both are quite pragmatic and individualistic, and both disdain pomposity and arrogance. These traits form a kind of common core that helps Thais and U.S. citizens connect in cross-cultural interactions. Nevertheless, there are also…

Fieg, John Paul; Mortlock, Elizabeth

262

Common Factors of High Performance Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilization of work teams is now wide spread in all types of organizations throughout the world. However, an understanding of the important factors common to high performance teams is rare. The purpose of this content analysis is to explore the literature and propose findings related to high performance teams. These include definition and types,…

Jackson, Bruce; Madsen, Susan R.

2005-01-01

263

Common Disorders of the Achilles Tendon  

MedlinePLUS

... tendon is then altered, resulting in continued pain. Athletes are at high risk for developing disorders of the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendonitis and tendonosis are also common in individuals whose work puts stress on their ankles and feet, such as laborers, ...

264

FEATURED PHOTO WILSON'S AND COMMON SNIPES  

Microsoft Academic Search

th edition of the AOU Check-list (1931). Then, with the publication of the 20 th supplement to its Checklist of North American Birds, the AOU (1945) decided to treat it as conspecific with the Common Snipe ( G. gallinago) of the Old World. The reference cited for this change was the treatment in Witherby et al. (1940). In lumping these

265

No oculomotor plant, no final common path  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assumption that there is an oculomotor plant, a fixed relationship between motoneuron firing rate and eye position, is dis- proved by brainstem recording studies showing that this relationship depends on which supernuclear subsystem determines firing rate. But it remains possible that there is a final common path (FCP), a fixed relationship between firing rate and muscle force. But then,

Joel M. Miller

2003-01-01

266

Action of commonly used disinfectants against enteroviruses.  

PubMed

The virucidal effect of some of the most commonly used hospital disinfectants against Coxsackie B4, Echovirus 11, Poliovirus type 1 and Rotavirus have been evaluated. It was found that 'Chloros', 'Totacide 28' and methylated spirits were completely virucidal to all the viruses under study. 'Stericol' and 'Lysol' had a limited effect while 'Hibiscrub' and 'Savlon' had no effect at all. PMID:6195231

Narang, H K; Codd, A A

1983-06-01

267

Common Core Poses Challenges for Preschools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the common-core standards are calibrated to ensure that students leave K-12 schools ready for work and college, they are also posing challenges for the educators who work with children just starting out their school careers. As 46 states and the District of Columbia work this year to put the new curricular guidelines in place, preschool…

Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

2011-01-01

268

Are You Ready for Common Core Math?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With new Common Core State Standards assessments in K12 mathematics due to be in use by the start of the 2014-2015 school year, many district administrators and teachers do not know what they should know about them now and are not taking steps they should be taking to prepare for them. While they are aware that the assessments are being developed,…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

269

Restrained Teaching: the common core of Didaktik  

Microsoft Academic Search

Didaktik is at the centre of most school teaching and teacher education in Continental Europe, but at the same time almost unknown in the English speaking world. The article gives a brief outline of the history and the common core of Didaktik, of its current situation, and of the basic differences compared to the Anglo-American concept of 'curriculum and instruction'

STEFAN HOPMANN

2007-01-01

270

The Tragedy of the Internet Routing Commons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last years, the research community has been deeply concerned about the scalability issues that the Internet routing is facing. In this paper we study the economic incentives for the Global Routing Table (GRT) explosive growth by considering a commons model in which the GRT is a public resource. In particular, we analyze the motivations the Au- tonomous Systems

Andra Lutu; Marcelo Bagnulo

2011-01-01

271

Two Versions of "Common" Test Eyed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An unprecedented assessment project involving half the states is planning a significant shift: Instead of designing one test for all of them, it will offer a choice of a longer and a shorter version. The pivot came in response to some states' resistance to spending more time and money on testing for the common standards. The plan under discussion…

Gewertz, Catherine

2012-01-01

272

Information Commons Help Desk Transactions Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the purpose of designing a training program for a new team serving at a technology service point, the author analyzed the transactions log using a new, multi-faceted, taxonomy. The resulting list of competencies and the methodology would be useful for managers of information or learning commons. (Contains 5 tables.)

Wong, Gabrielle K. W.

2010-01-01

273

Common Randomness and Distributed Control: A Counterexample.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When agents collaborate to perform a control task, it is of interest to characterize the set of joint probability distributions they can achieve on their joint action space when they are passively provided with external common randomness. We give a simple...

V. Anantharam, V. Borkar

2005-01-01

274

Common Topics and Commonplaces of Environmental Rhetoric  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Common topics are words or phrases used to develop argument, and commonplaces aid memory or catalyze frames of understanding. When used in argumentation, each may help interested parties more effectively communicate valuable scientific and environment-related information. This article describes 12 modern topics of environmental rhetoric,…

Ross, Derek G.

2013-01-01

275

Common exposure to STL polyomavirus during childhood.  

PubMed

STL polyomavirus (STLPyV) was recently identified in human specimens. To determine seropositivity for STLPyV, we developed an ELISA and screened patient samples from 2 US cities (Denver, Colorado [500]; St. Louis, Missouri [419]). Overall seropositivity was 68%-70%. The age-stratified data suggest that STLPyV infection is widespread and commonly acquired during childhood. PMID:25148144

Lim, Efrem S; Meinerz, Natalie M; Primi, Blake; Wang, David; Garcea, Robert L

2014-09-01

276

Orchestras: Music Education Is a 'Common Cause'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a show of support for music teachers, the League of American Orchestras has issued a call to action for the betterment of K-12 music education in public schools. The League's Statement of Common Cause: Orchestras Support In-School Music Education is consistent with its prior work with MENC on advocacy initiatives. According to League…

Block, Debbie Galante

2007-01-01

277

Cerebrovascular consequences of common carotid artery thrombosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common carotid artery thrombosis (CCAT) leads to hemodynamic changes in the distal cerebral vasculature that may influence the vulnerability of the post-thrombotic brain to future insults. Our objectives were to study the effects of repetitive insults on cerebral infarction following CCAT and to evaluate whether changes in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) dependent middle cerebral artery (MCA) dilation may account

Gary Howard Danton

2002-01-01

278

Silence and the Notion of the Commons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses the value of silence, the right to have silence, and how technology has manipulated the sound environment and therefore taken silence out of common availability. Discusses noise pollution and the manipulative use of sound for private gain. Suggests taking action to restore the right to silence. (LP)

Franklin, Ursula

1994-01-01

279

Access to the Common Core for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too often under the various state-developed standards and assessments, accommodations for students with disabilities--a heterogeneous group with varied characteristics and needs--have not been adequately addressed or have been ignored. The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) initiative provides an historic opportunity to improve access to rigorous…

McLaughlin, Margaret J.

2012-01-01

280

Making It Happen: Common Core Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This one-of-a-kind guide identifies and highlights the ways in which NCTM (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics) resources can support teachers as they implement and supplement the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) in their states. The guide and accompanying charts are tools to help educators as they continue to make…

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2011

2011-01-01

281

The Common Core and Inverse Functions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widespread adoption of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSI 2010) shows a commitment to changing mathematics teaching and learning in pursuit of increasing student achievement. CCSSM should not be viewed as just another list of content standards for publishers and assessment groups to design their products around. Many…

Edenfield, Kelly W.

2012-01-01

282

Common Math Tracking Courses Traditional Courses  

E-print Network

Common Math Tracking Courses Traditional Courses Math 112 College Algebra 3 cr. Math 113 Trigonometry 2 cr. Math 114 Precalculus (112+113) 5 cr. Math 221 Calculus 1 5 cr. Hybrid Courses Calc 1 with Precalc I Math 171 5 cr. (only offered in Fall) Calc 1 with Precalc II Math 217 5 cr. (only offered

Miller, Joseph S.

283

A DECADE OF DISCOVERY THE COMMON FUND  

E-print Network

research is easier to conduct and that team leadership is recognized, that a new paradigm of humans as ecosystems with their microbial inhabitants has been established, that physicians have accurate programs are having profound effects. Common Fund programs are continuing to deliver catalytic tools

Rau, Don C.

284

Common Educational Proficiency Assessment (CEPA) in English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Educational Proficiency Assessment (CEPA) is a large-scale, high-stakes, English language proficiency/placement test administered in the United Arab Emirates to Emirati nationals in their final year of secondary education or Grade 12. The purpose of the CEPA is to place students into English classes at the appropriate government…

Coombe, Christine; Davidson, Peter

2014-01-01

285

Thematic Relations Affect Similarity via Commonalities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thematic relations are an important source of perceived similarity. For instance, the "rowing" theme of boats and oars increases their perceived similarity. The mechanism of this effect, however, has not been specified previously. The authors investigated whether thematic relations affect similarity by increasing commonalities or by decreasing…

Golonka, Sabrina; Estes, Zachary

2009-01-01

286

Tourism and terrorism: conflicts and commonalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore why tourists continue to visit troubled and often violent nations, even when there is perceived risk. Tourism and terrorism reflect very different philosophies, but there are also some disturbing commonalities. Both need modern technology to be effective, both rely heavily on media management and both require the manipulation of perceptions

Maximiliano E. Korstanje; Anthony Clayton

2012-01-01

287

The Common Core: New Standards, New Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The good news about the Common Core State Standards: They emphasize writing convincing arguments about issues that matter, clear and comprehensive informational texts that can do meaningful work in the world, and compelling narratives. The bad news: Traditional approaches to teaching writing aren't enough to meet these new standards. The…

Smith, Michael W.; Wilhelm, Jeffrey D.; Fredricksen, James

2013-01-01

288

THE COMMON CORE OF DATA (CCD)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Common Core of Data (CCD), a program of the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics, is a comprehensive, annual, national statistical databaseof information concerning allpublic elementary and secondary schools (approximately 95,000) and school...

289

Some Common Misconceptions about Tests and Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three common misconceptions about achievement testing: (1) the idea that men generally outscore women; (2) the notion that the primary role of norms is to compare one student to another; and (3) the misconception that it is not possible to measure the achievement of kindergarten and primary grade students with group tests. (SLD)

Hoover, H. D.

2003-01-01

290

Free-ranging common nighthawks use torpor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bouts of torpor are characterized by substantial reductions in body temperature and metabolic rate. Many birds in the order Caprimulgiformes use torpor; however, there is conflicting evidence whether or not Common Nighthawks (Chordeiles minor) have this ability. The purpose of our study was to examine whether free-ranging nighthawks enter torpor. Three out of eight birds that were monitored entered torpor

Quinn E. Fletcher; Ryan J. Fisher; Craig K. R. Willis; R. Mark Brigham

2004-01-01

291

A common pathway toward women's health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper calls for an alternate approach to studying the aetiology of women's health conditions. Instead of the long-established disease-specific, compartmentalized approach, it recommends focusing on risk exposures that allows for the identification of multiple disease conditions that stem from the same risk factors. Identifying common risk factors and the related pathways to adverse health outcomes can lead to the

K. S. Chibber; R. L. Kaplan; N. S. Padian; S. J. Anderson; P. M. Ling; N. Acharya; C. Van Dyke; S. Krishnan

2008-01-01

292

Common Schooling and the Need for Distinction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, while broadly arguing in favour of the common school, nonetheless accepts the possibility of distinct specialist institutions in the later years of secondary schooling. It also argues for a careful distinction between a comprehensive school and a comprehensive classroom; further distinguishing between grouping by reference to alleged…

Barrow, Robin

2007-01-01

293

Common Threads: Teaching Immigration in Elementary Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brings together ideas on teaching about immigration from a number of elementary-school teachers in New Jersey and summarizes common themes. Outlines three specific projects based on the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, family history, and children's fiction. Includes a brief list of children's literature and other teaching resources. (DSK)

McBee, Robin Haskell; Bone, Kristine; Mossop, Gail; Owens, Carrie

1998-01-01

294

Badges: A Common Currency for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Digital Badges--icons that can represent skills and achievements at a more fine-grained level than a degree--give colleges and universities a new way to document learning outcomes and to map the pathways students follow to earn a degree. They also provide a common currency to denote learning outcomes and give employers a visual representation and…

Bowen, Kyle; Thomas, Andrea

2014-01-01

295

Communication Is Key to Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States, districts, and schools must work to develop effective implementation and communications plans around the Common Core State Standards and aligned assessments. The Education Trust commissioned research on the communication of changes to state assessments in the recent past and lessons learned from that effort identify key elements of an…

Maunsell, Patricia A.

2014-01-01

296

Tools for the Common Core Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bill McCallum, a leader in the development of the Common Core State Standards for mathematics, maintains this blog to share news about the progress of some tools and projects being developed to support implementation of the CCSS. From the Tools page he has linked a downloadable hyperlinked version of the mathematics standards, which facilitates navigation.

2011-01-01

297

The Bachelor's Degree Is Obsolete? Common Sense  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why don't we eliminate the bachelor's degree? The author believes it's only common sense. In this essay, the author questions the outlay in time and dollars of the bachelor's degree. He believes that the need is not for millions of people with expensive four-year degrees. The real need is for millions of citizens with the critical thinking and…

Sloane, Wick

2008-01-01

298

Wikimedia Commons, Paul Keller News & Opinion  

E-print Network

Wikimedia Commons, Paul Keller News & Opinion Are Humans Still Evolving? Research on an 18th and 19, for example, limits the numbers of kids people have, and thus reduces the variation in reproductive success assign children to specific parents, and thus accurately estimate people's reproductive success. The more

Lummaa, Virpi

299

EDITORIAL: Bad breath and exhaled breath analysis---common fields with common denominators Bad breath and exhaled breath analysis---common fields with common denominators  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 20th century, bad breath and analysis of breath for medical diagnosis evolved as two separate fields. Papers on bad breath were published almost exclusively in dental journals, whereas papers on exhaled breath analysis were more commonly found in medical and chemical analysis journals. When Daniel van Steenberghe and Mel Rosenberg first discussed setting up an international society for

Mel Rosenberg; Anton Amann

2008-01-01

300

Common Criteria Set for Federal Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an effort to improve the quality of educational research and make it less balkanized, the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) have introduced a common set of evidence standards for federally funded work. The criteria will guide all new research at the IES, the U.S. Department of Education's…

Sparks, Sarah D.

2013-01-01

301

The Structure of Common Mental Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This report presents the results of con- firmatory factor analyses of patterns of comorbidity among 10 common mental disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey, a national probability sample of US civilians who completed structured diagnostic inter- views. Methods: Patterns of comorbidity among DSM-III-R mental disorders were analyzed via confirmatory factor analyses for the entire National Comorbidity Survey sample (N

Robert F. Krueger

1999-01-01

302

Tragedy of the commons in Melipona bees  

E-print Network

on a TOC occurring in Melipona bee societies. Keywords: caste conflict; tragedy of the commons; stingless resource--the workforce--in Melipona stingless bee societies. In highly eusocial bees, such as honeybees and stingless bees, all work is carried out by morphologically specialized worker individuals that, like queens

Wenseleers, Tom

303

Aspergillosis in common crows in Nebraska, 1974.  

PubMed

During fall 1974, approximately 1,000 to 1,500 common crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos) died of aspergillosis in south-central Nebraska. The birds were debilitated, lethargic and dyspneic. On necropsy, typical lesions of aspergillosis were found in the lungs and air sacs. Histopathologic examination revealed granulomatous lesions around fungal hyphae in the respiratory system. PMID:864852

Zinkl, J G; Hyland, J M; Hurt, J J

1977-04-01

304

Herbicide-Common Name (example trade name)  

E-print Network

Herbicide-Common Name (example trade name) Site of Action Group1 Almond Pecan Pistachio Walnut any herbicide as labels change frequently and often contain special restrictions regarding use of a company's product. 1 Herbicide site of action designations are according to the Herbicide Resistance

Hanson, Brad

305

Herbicides to Complement Glyphosate Common Giant  

E-print Network

Herbicides to Complement Glyphosate Common Giant SOA # PRE as part of sequential with glyphosate Control N = No Control SOA = Site of action is defined as the biochemical site at which the herbicide of POST herbicides Note: problems with timing, crop injury potential, and off-target injury of tank

Minnesota, University of

306

A Cognitive Core for Common State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate cognitive challenges introduced by Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (2010) with regard to conceptualizing fractions. We focus on a strand of standards that appear across grades three through five, which is best represented in grade four, by standard 4.NF.4a: "[Students should] understand a…

Norton, Anderson; Boyce, Steven

2013-01-01

307

Common failures in gas turbine blades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern aviation gas turbine engines are considered to be highly reliable in that failures in service are rare. In fact this is a misconception, and freedom from service failures is largely the result of stringent standards imposed during frequent inspections. Most failures are thus detected at the incipient stage and appropriate action taken to prevent service failure. The common failure

Tim J Carter

2005-01-01

308

Laptop Use in University Common Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anecdotal evidence existed about the many students who use their laptops and the wireless network in university common spaces, but little was known about how, where, and why students use laptops on campus, and less was known about students' awareness of university wireless network policies and security. This article discusses the results of a…

Wolff, Bill

2006-01-01

309

Common Psychiatric Diseases and Human Genetic Variation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: A better understanding of human genetic variation is important in assessing disease epidemiology and phenotypic variation, and may be critical in evaluating genetic aspects of common genetic diseases, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disease and Parkinson’s. These diseases are particularly difficult to investigate as there are few peripheral markers, and although a genetic aetiology has long been suspected, robust findings

O. Mukherjee; Q. Saleem; M. Purushottam; A. Anand; S. K. Brahmachari; S. Jain

2002-01-01

310

How common medicines can affect bone health.  

PubMed

Many people have weak bones and this is a global public health concern. Lifestyle factors can reduce bone density, as can some common drugs. This article describes some of these drugs, the conditions for which they may be prescribed and how they can threaten bone health. Strategies to reduce the risk of fracture and weak bones are outlined. PMID:25188968

Rees, Sharon

311

Lift-off to the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hands-on science activities help to make science more interesting for children and create that sense of wonder and excitement. But hands-on science and teacher lectures do not offer the full course meal. The textbook is often missing. As stated in the Common Core State Standards, students must have multiple opportunities to become independent in…

Kaiser, Sue; Kaiser, Greg

2012-01-01

312

Reproductive Advantages for Common Loons Using Rafts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Artificial nesting islands, or rafts, are often deployed in common loon (Gavia immer) breeding territories to decrease negative impacts of mammalian predation and water-level fluctuations on nesting success. The management value of rafts has been demonstrated in other studies; however, no published studies have quantified the use or associated reproductive benefits of rafts on lakes exhibiting water-level fluctuations. These lakes

CHRISTOPHER R. DESORBO; KATE M. TAYLOR; DAVID E. KRAMAR; JEFF FAIR; JOHN H. COOLEY; DAVID C. EVERS; WILLIAM HANSON; HARRY S. VOGEL; JONATHAN L. ATWOOD

2007-01-01

313

The Common History of European Legal Scholarship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the common history of European legal scholarship from its beginning in the late 12th century to the development of national codifications which started some six centuries later. During this period, Roman law was of great importance in the universities, and Justinian’s Corpus Iuris Civilis was the central text for legal studies. We will look at the different

T. Wallinga

2011-01-01

314

ILLUSTRATED HANDBOOK OF SOME COMMON MOLDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS DOCUMENT IS A PICTURE GUIDE FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF TEN COMMON MOLDS. IT IS DESIGNED FOR USE WITH THE ELEMENTARY SCIENCE STUDY UNIT "MICROGARDENING" AND IS SUGGESTED FOR UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES. INCLUDED FOR EACH MOLD ARE COLOR PHOTOGRAPHS AND PHOTOMICROGRAPHS OF THE INTACT MOLD MASS AND OF THE MOLD'S SPORE PRODUCING STRUCTURES. ALSO…

CHANDLER, MARION N.

315

Effect of Common Visual Dysfunctions on Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six common visual dysfunctions are briefly explained and their relationships to reading noted: (1) ametropia, refractive error; (2) inaccurate saccades, the small jumping eye movements used in reading; (3) inefficient binocularity/fusion; (4) insufficient convergence/divergence; (5) heterophoria, imbalance in extra-ocular muscles; and (6)…

McPartland, Brian P.

1985-01-01

316

Genus/Common Name Cultivar Acalypha Kilanea  

E-print Network

Lobelia Light Blue Lobelia Light Blue/ Purple Lobelia Sky Blue #12;Genus/Common Name Cultivar Lobelia White Crystals Amella Peekaboo Angelonia Blue Angelonia Blue Angelonia Deep Pink Angelonia White Bidens Goldilocks Rocks Caledula Fruit Twist Calibrachoa Blue Dragon Calibrachoa Blue Jeans Calibrachoa

317

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For over a decade, research studies of mathematics education in high-performing countries have pointed to the conclusion that the mathematics curriculum in the United States must become substantially more focused and coherent in order to improve mathematics achievement in this country. To deliver on the promise of common standards, the standards…

Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2011

2011-01-01

318

CTE and the Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the National Governors Association (NGA) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) released the Common Core State Standards in June 2010, it was the culmination of a yearlong process. It resulted in what the two organizations stated was the establishment of clear and consistent goals for learning that would prepare America's…

Reese, Susan

2011-01-01

319

Translating the Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the authors describe in Chapter 7 of their new book, "The School Reform Landscape: Fraud, Myth, and Lies," the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) initiative continues to ramble on, without evidence to support its efficacy. That is because education reform in the United States is being driven largely by ideology, rhetoric, and dogma instead of…

Tienken, Christopher H.; Orlich, Donald C.

2013-01-01

320

Common Core State Standards: I Wonder?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 1, 2009, the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) issued a press release stating that 49 states and territories had joined the Common Core State Standards Initiative (CCSS). That initiative proposed that all states voluntarily adopt the same set of…

Tienken, Christopher H.

2010-01-01

321

Exploring Function Transformations Using the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When examining transformations of the plane in geometry, teachers typically have students experiment with transformations of polygons. Students are usually quick to notice patterns with ordered pairs. The Common Core State Standard, Geometry, Congruence 2 (G-CO.2), requires students to describe transformations as functions that take points in the…

Hall, Becky; Giacin, Rich

2013-01-01

322

Common Variable Immunodeficiency: Etiological and Treatment Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the great advances in clinical medicine was the recognition of the pleomorphism of the immune response and the multiple afferent and efferent limbs of antigen processing and responsiveness. A significant contribution to this understanding was derived from studies of human immunodeficiency states, including both inherited and acquired syndromes. Amongst these syndromes, one of the most common, and least

Sean Deane; Carlo Selmi; Suzanne S. Teuber; M. Eric Gershwin

2009-01-01

323

Depleted Uranium: A Tragedy of the Commons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tragedy of the Commons parable (Hardin, 1968) is contrasted with a social catharsis concept called the Comedy of Community (Levine, 1986) as both pertain to environmental and health concerns regarding the use of depleted uranium (DU). The origin, nature, and exposure risks of DU are explored. A theory of justice model (Sheppard, Lewicki, & Minton, 1992) is implemented to

Christina E. Larson

1996-01-01

324

Handle With Care: 10 Common School Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accidents, mishaps, injuries can happen in any classroom, cafeteria, gym, hallway, playground and the teacher is probably the first adult to arrive on the scene. These guidelines on how to respond to 10 common school accidents explain what steps to take. (Author/RK)

Bryer, Judith E.

1978-01-01

325

Common bile duct obstruction by portal cavernoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Obstructive jaundice occurring in a patient with portal hypertension is a rare association. In this report, a 24-year-old patient is described who had biliary obstruction due to a portal cavernoma compressing the common bile duct and in whom surgical decompression of the portal system resulted in relief of the biliary obstruction, thus proving that the dilated portal vein collaterals

G. Choudhuri; R. K. Tandon; S. Nundy; N. K. Misra

1988-01-01

326

INVESTIGATION Common Variants of Drosophila melanogaster  

E-print Network

INVESTIGATION Common Variants of Drosophila melanogaster Cyp6d2 Cause Camptothecin Sensitivity affect an organism's response to chemotherapeutic drugs. In this study, we focused on camptothecin that result in extreme sensitivity to camptothecin but not top- otecan or irinotecan. We confirmed

McVey, Mitch

327

Properties of commonly used New Hampshire woods  

E-print Network

Properties of commonly used New Hampshire woods Pine, Hemlock, Spruce, Aspen Dries and splits of hardwoods is best with a small amount of kindling wood (pine, hemlock, spruce or aspen) mixed in. Talk and employer. UNH, USDA and NH Counties cooperating. New Hampshire Firewood How to Purchase Your Wood Supply

New Hampshire, University of

328

Graphical Optimization of Common-Gate LNA  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a novel optimization strategy for common-gate LNAs (CG-LNAs) is presented. It based on the modeling of the MOSFET behavior with its intrinsic and extrinsic parasitics in all possible areas of operation. The model leads to a graphical strategy, which shows the advantages of an operating point in moderate inversion in case of a short channel device. Furthermore,

T. Stiicke; N. Christoffers; R. Kokozinski; S. Kolnsberg; B. J. Hosticka

2006-01-01

329

US Academic Libraries: Today's Learning Commons Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the author examined existing academic libraries in the United States to determine best practices for the design, implementation and service of learning commons facilities. A primary objective of this study was to discover how to create a higher education learning environment that sustains scholarship, encourages collaboration and empowers…

McMullen, Susan

2008-01-01

330

Finding Common Ground: Multicultural YA Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that multicultural young adult literature can help to break down prejudices and broaden narrow minds. Notes that good books about people from various ethnic groups engage readers in the compounded conflicts of adolescence while helping teenagers discover that they have much in common with their fellow human beings. Notes briefly nine young…

Crowe, Chris

1998-01-01

331

Why the Common Core Changes Math Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core math standards promote several important differences in how math concepts are taught and should be talked about. These changes will make it easier for younger students to comprehend and adapt to more complex concepts in the later grades. This guide should help elementary teachers make changes and adaptations that are in line the…

Faulkner, Valerie N.

2013-01-01

332

Variation and Commonality in Phenomenographic Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the data analysis stage of phenomenographic research, elucidating what is involved in terms of both commonality and variation in accepted practice. The analysis stage of phenomenographic research is often not well understood. This paper helps to clarify the process, initially by collecting together in one location the more…

Akerlind, Gerlese S.

2012-01-01

333

Eleven Previously Unreported Common Proper Motion Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents information on 11 pairs of stars extracted from the UCAC4 catalog (Zacharias et al., 2012) where the similarities in the proper motions in both right ascension and in declination strongly suggest that the pairs share a common proper motion.

Chivers, James

2014-10-01

334

Some Sri Lankan common pot-herbs.  

PubMed

As a follow-up of the articles of R. Brindha and S. Parvathy, ASL, XXII, 2003, 166-168, fifteen edible plants of South Asian ecosystem, commonly used in Sri Lankan cuisine, are dealt with in view of their ethnobotanical and ehtonomedical value. Their vernacular names (Sanskrit, Sinhala, and Tamil given here) often reveal different botanical features and medicinal properties. PMID:22557115

Liyanaratne, Jinadas

2003-10-01

335

INTRODUCTIOn* Arctic air pollution, commonly observedas Arctic  

E-print Network

Pergamon INTRODUCTIOn* Arctic air pollution, commonly observedas Arctic haze, is now a wellAsia(Eurasia) to the Arctic on winds that favor transport to the north in winter over that in summer. Hence. the suspendedparticulate matter and acidic gasesmeas- ured in the Arctic region undergo strong seasonal variationsin

Short, Daniel

336

26 RestoRative Commons Landscape Designers,  

E-print Network

a history stretching back to the ancient Hippocratics and Vitruvius, assumes that the products of stagnation;28 RestoRative Commons RoBeRt maRtensen ancient Latin word that suffuses discussions of environmental health from Vitruvius in second century Rome onward through Ulysses S. Grant's analysis of sites

337

Rectosigmoidal colitis in common variable immunodeficiency disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A patient with common variable immuno-deficiency disease is described with severe colitis confined to the rectosigmoid region. Inflammation was extensive in the regions involved and exhibited a character that we believe is most unusual. Inflammation was transmural in the regions involved. Macrophages were the major inflammatory cells, and no granulomas or giant cells were seen. Although the disorder seemed

Ronald G. Strauss; Fayez Ghishan; Frank Mitros; John R. Ebensberger; C. Thomas Kisker; Raymond Tannous; M. Kabir Younoszai

1980-01-01

338

Common Parent Reactions to the NICU  

MedlinePLUS

... Reactions to the NICU Ages & Stages Listen Common Parent Reactions to the NICU Article Body The NICU is a wealth of sensory input. ... Loss Throughout your pregnancy, you probably had an image of your baby. For most parents, this picture was that of a healthy full- ...

339

Common Exposure to STL Polyomavirus During Childhood  

PubMed Central

STL polyomavirus (STLPyV) was recently identified in human specimens. To determine seropositivity for STLPyV, we developed an ELISA and screened patient samples from 2 US cities (Denver, Colorado [500]; St. Louis, Missouri [419]). Overall seropositivity was 68%–70%. The age-stratified data suggest that STLPyV infection is widespread and commonly acquired during childhood. PMID:25148144

Lim, Efrem S.; Meinerz, Natalie M.; Primi, Blake; Wang, David

2014-01-01

340

Gates, Pearson Partner on Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As states and school districts grapple with how to teach the skills outlined in the new common standards, two foundations have announced a partnership aimed at crafting complete, online curricula for those standards in mathematics and English/language arts that span nearly every year of a child's precollegiate education. The announcement last…

Gewertz, Catherine

2011-01-01

341

Virginia Standards Predated the Common Core Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Virginia Board of Education is committed to the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL) program and opposed to adoption of the newly developed Common Core State Standards as a prerequisite for participation in federal competitive grant and entitlement programs. The Standards of Learning are clear and rigorous and have won the acceptance and trust…

Knowledge Quest, 2014

2014-01-01

342

At the Center of the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the 2011-2012 school year offered educators a sketch of the Common Core State Standards and how they would impact teaching and learning, this year that painting takes shape. Many states and districts are well on the way to implementing the standards--but the process is complex, especially for the school leaders who shoulder the task of…

Principal, 2012

2012-01-01

343

PATIENT INFORMATION SHEET Tobacco Use: Common  

E-print Network

as a stressed-out tobacco user. I smoke only low tar/nicotine cigarettes. I know they are healthier for me PATIENT INFORMATION SHEET Tobacco Use: Common Questions & Concerns I want to quit but a cigarette is my closest companion and friend. I have them with me wherever I go. What am I going to have

344

Common skin disorders of the penis.  

PubMed

Diseases of the male genitalia range from infectious lesions to inflammatory and neoplastic conditions, including many genital manifestations of more general skin diseases. This review highlights the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of the most common dermatoses of the male genitalia. Herpes genitalis and infections caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) are increasing, particularly in young sexually active people. Herpes simplex virus infection is the commonest infectious cause of genital ulceration, with evidence that many infections are asymptomatic. HPV infection may be latent, subclinical and clinical. The most common causal agents for condyloma acuminatum are low-risk HPV 6 and 11; high-risk HPV types 16 and 18 are associated with premalignant and malignant lesions. Treatment for genital warts remains unsatisfactory; recurrences are common. Imiquimod, a new topical immunotherapeutic agent, which induces interferon and other cytokines, has the potential to be a first-line therapy for genital warts. Scabies and pediculosis are transmitted by skin-to-skin contact and sexual transmission is common, with the penis and scrotum favourite locations for scabious lesions. Oral ivermectin, a highly active antiparasitic drug, is likely to be the treatment of choice, but until approval is granted it should be reserved for special forms of scabies. Common skin diseases, e.g. psoriasis and lichen planus, may have an atypical appearance in the genital area. The typical psoriatic scale is usually not apparent because of moisture and maceration. Allergic contact dermatitis of the genital area may result from condoms, lubricants, feminine hygiene deodorant spray and spermicides. More often, contact dermatitis is irritant, resulting from persistent moisture and maceration. Lichen sclerosus is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs as atrophic white patches on the glans penis and foreskin. The penile form is a common cause of phimosis in uncircumcised men; involvement of the urethral meatus may lead to progressive meatal stenosis. Plasma cell balanitis is a benign, idiopathic condition presenting as a solitary, smooth, shiny, red-orange plaque of the glans and prepuce of a middle-aged to older man. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in situ, e.g. erythroplasia of Queyrat and Bowen's disease, cannot be excluded clinically; their apparent clinical benignity may lead to lengthy periods of misdiagnosis and biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis. SCC is the most common malignancy of the penis and the role of oncogenic HPV-types has been also established in SCC of the penis. Prevention of SCC of the penis presupposes an identification of risk factors, early detection of all pre-cancerous lesions and treatment of phimosis. PMID:12175386

Buechner, S A

2002-09-01

345

Estimating carnivoran diets using a combination of carcass observations and scats from GPS clusters.  

PubMed

Scat analysis is one of the most frequently used methods to assess carnivoran diets and Global Positioning System (GPS) cluster methods are increasingly being used to locate feeding sites for large carnivorans. However, both methods have inherent biases that limit their use. GPS methods to locate kill sites are biased towards large carcasses, while scat analysis over-estimates the biomass consumed from smaller prey. We combined carcass observations and scats collected along known movement routes, assessed using GPS data from four African lion (Panthera leo) prides in the Kruger National Park, South Africa, to determine how a combination of these two datasets change diet estimates. As expected, using carcasses alone under-estimated the number of feeding events on small species, primarily impala (Aepyceros melampus) and warthog (Phacochoerus africanus), in our case by more than 50% and thus significantly under-estimated the biomass consumed per pride per day in comparison to when the diet was assessed using carcass observations alone. We show that an approach that supplements carcass observations with scats that enables the identification of potentially missed feeding events increases the estimates of food intake rates for large carnivorans, with possible ramifications for predator-prey interaction studies dealing with biomass intake rate. PMID:22408290

Tambling, C J; Laurence, S D; Bellan, S E; Cameron, E Z; du Toit, J T; Getz, W M

2012-02-01

346

Detection of Trypanosoma brucei in field-captured tsetse flies and identification of host species fed on by the infected flies.  

PubMed

The prevalence of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies in the Chiawa area of Lower Zambezi in Zambia, with endemic trypanosomosis, was determined by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method that allowed the detection of trypanosome DNA and determination of the type of animal host fed on by the tsetse fly Glossina pallidipes, using tsetse-derived DNA extracts as templates. Ninety G. pallidipes (82 females and 8 males; 18.3%) of the 492 flies captured by baited biconical traps tested positive for the presence of Trypanosoma brucei species genomic DNA. Of the 90 T. brucei-positive flies, 47 (52.2%) also tested positive for vertebrate mitochondrial DNA. Sequence analysis of the vertebrate mitochondrial DNA amplicons established that they originated from 8 different vertebrate species, namely, human (Homo sapiens), African elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis), African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus), greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), warthog (Phacochoerus africanus), and goat (Capra hircus). Furthermore, to investigate the prevalence of trypanosome infections in domestic goats in the same area where trypanosomes had been detected in tsetse files, a total of 86 goats were randomly selected from 6 different herds. Among the selected goats, 36 (41.9%) were found to be positive for T. brucei species. This combined detection method would be an ideal approach not only for mass screening for infection prevalence in tsetse populations, but also for the prediction of natural reservoirs in areas endemic for trypanosomosis. PMID:18399780

Konnai, Satoru; Mekata, Hirohisa; Odbileg, Raadan; Simuunza, Martin; Chembensof, Mwelwa; Witola, William Harold; Tembo, Mwase Enala; Chitambo, Harrison; Inoue, Noboru; Onuma, Misao; Ohashi, Kazuhiko

2008-08-01

347

The life cycle of Rhipicephalus lunulatus Neumann, 1907 (Acarina:Ixodidae) under laboratory conditions, with notes on its ecology in Zimbabwe.  

PubMed

The durations of the developmental periods of Rhipicephalus lunulatus at 25 degrees C and 87% RH were: preoviposition, 2-9 days; oviposition, 29-34 days; minimum incubation, 11-27 days; nymphal premoult period, 11-23 days; and adult premoult period, 19-30 days. The durations of the feeding periods on a rabbit were: 3-7 days for larvae and 4-11 days for nymphs. Adult feeding was completed on a rabbit and a sheep in 10-22 days in January and 14-64 days in September, and only fertilized females completed engorgement. The mean number of eggs laid by engorged females was 4732, with 95% being laid within the first 16 days. In the southeastern lowveld of Zimbabwe adult ticks were most abundant on cattle between November and December, and their preferred sites of attachment were the legs and tail. Other hosts of adult R. lunulatus were impala (Aepyceros melampus), warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) and eland (Taurotragus oryx). PMID:3870962

Colborne, J

1985-12-01

348

Estimating carnivoran diets using a combination of carcass observations and scats from GPS clusters  

PubMed Central

Scat analysis is one of the most frequently used methods to assess carnivoran diets and Global Positioning System (GPS) cluster methods are increasingly being used to locate feeding sites for large carnivorans. However, both methods have inherent biases that limit their use. GPS methods to locate kill sites are biased towards large carcasses, while scat analysis over-estimates the biomass consumed from smaller prey. We combined carcass observations and scats collected along known movement routes, assessed using GPS data from four African lion (Panthera leo) prides in the Kruger National Park, South Africa, to determine how a combination of these two datasets change diet estimates. As expected, using carcasses alone under-estimated the number of feeding events on small species, primarily impala (Aepyceros melampus) and warthog (Phacochoerus africanus), in our case by more than 50% and thus significantly under-estimated the biomass consumed per pride per day in comparison to when the diet was assessed using carcass observations alone. We show that an approach that supplements carcass observations with scats that enables the identification of potentially missed feeding events increases the estimates of food intake rates for large carnivorans, with possible ramifications for predator-prey interaction studies dealing with biomass intake rate. PMID:22408290

Tambling, C.J.; Laurence, S.D.; Bellan, S.E.; Cameron, E.Z.; du Toit, J.T.; Getz, W.M.

2011-01-01

349

On Highest Common Factor and Least Common Multiple in the Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attention is drawn to an ancient Greek method for finding the least common multiple (LCM) of two numbers. A link is established between this method and a well-known method of obtaining the highest common factor (HCF) numbers. This leads to consideration of some relationships between HCF and LCM. (Author/MK)

Davies, H. B.

1980-01-01

350

Comparing the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics and the NAEP Framework. Achieving the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Initiative, states and territories have collaborated in the development of a common core of standards in English Language Arts and mathematics for grades kindergarten through twelve that are now being adopted by states. Designed not only for the purpose of providing strong, shared expectations, the…

Achieve, Inc., 2010

2010-01-01

351

Comparing the Common Core State Standards and Singapore's Mathematics Syllabus. Achieving the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Initiative, states and territories have collaborated in the development of a common core of standards in English Language Arts and mathematics for grades kindergarten through twelve that are now being adopted by states. Designed not only for the purpose of providing strong, shared expectations, the…

Achieve, Inc., 2010

2010-01-01

352

Using Common Sense in Common Settings: Active Supervision and Precorrection in the Morning Gym  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The management of a large number of children in a nonclassroom or common setting (e.g., gymnasium, auditorium) can present a challenge to school staff. This article describes a set of commonsense solutions that were implemented with 400 elementary students in a before-school common setting. The solutions are described and the results of the…

Haydon, Todd; Scott, Terrance M.

2008-01-01

353

Building faith in a common currency: can the eurozone get beyond the Common Market logic?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building faith in a common future, which is at the core of the making of a common currency, has been declining since the turn of the 1980s. The economic neoliberalism that diffused worldwide after the collapse of the Gold Exchange Standard and the economic crisis of the mid 1970s challenged the European project. Could a specific European model of social

Pascal Petit

2012-01-01

354

Common Envelope and the Binding Energy Consideration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the results of our study on the common-envelope phase of the cataclysmic variables. We are investigating the role of additional energies, such as recombination energy and internal energy, in expelling the envelope of the primary star. In this work, we use the TWIN stellar evolution code which can evolve both stars in binary simultaneously. We analysed the energies involved by considering the binding energy of the core at the onset of the common envelope phase. The core of the primary is calculated using the hydrogen-exhausted layer with 10% hydrogen fraction. Our preliminary result shows that the internal energy plays a significant role while the recombination energy has only a small contribution to the energy budget of the cataclysmic variable evolution.

Irawati, P.; Mahasena, P.

2014-08-01

355

Investigating Common Descent: Formulating Explanations and Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity has students formulate explanations and models that simulate structural and biochemical data as they investigate the misconception that humans evolved from apes. Students should recognize that present-day species evolved from earlier species and the relatedness of organisms is the result of common ancestry. They will also discover that similarities among existing organisms provide evidence for evolution, anatomical similarities of living things reflect common ancestry, and all life forms use the same basic DNA building blocks. Basic concepts also include the fact that scientists pose, test, and revise multiple hypotheses to explain what they observe, our understanding of life through time is based upon multiple lines of evidence, the similarity of DNA nucleotide sequences can be used to infer the degree of kinship between species, and anatomical evidence is also used to infer lines of descent. This site includes a list of materials and all information required for this activity.

356

House of Commons Library Research Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UK House of Commons has recently created a site that offers access to the full text of Research Papers (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only) which are compiled for the benefit of British Members of Parliament by the staff of the House of Commons Library. An occasional series focusing on topics of current parliamentary interest, the papers, "aim to be politically impartial and contain factual information as well as a range of opinions on each subject covered." Recently released titles include: "EU Enlargement: The Political Process," "EU Enlargement: The Financial Consequences," "Northern Ireland: political developments since 1972," "The local elections of 7 May 1998 and the London Referendum," and "Unemployment by Constituency: Welfare-to-work groups - April 1998."

Library., Great B.

1998-01-01

357

Commonality analysis as a knowledge acquisition problem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Commonality analysis is a systematic attempt to reduce costs in a large scale engineering project by discontinuing development of certain components during the design phase. Each discontinued component is replaced by another component that has sufficient functionality to be considered an appropriate substitute. The replacement strategy is driven by economic considerations. The System Commonality Analysis Tool (SCAT) is based on an oversimplified model of the problem and incorporates no knowledge acquisition component. In fact, the process of arriving at a compromise between functionality and economy is quite complex, with many opportunities for the application of expert knowledge. Such knowledge is of two types: general knowledge expressible as heuristics or mathematical laws potentially applicable to any set of components, and specific knowledge about the way in which elements of a given set of components interrelate. Examples of both types of knowledge are presented, and a framework is proposed for integrating the knowledge into a more general and useable tool.

Yeager, Dorian P.

1987-01-01

358

A Common Solution of Two Cosmic Puzzles  

E-print Network

The origin of the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background, which was measured with the large area telescope (LAT) aboard the Fermi satellite at energy below 820 GeV, and of the diffuse cosmic background of neutrinos, which was observed at much higher energies with the IceCube detector deep under the south pole ice, are among the current unsolved major cosmic puzzles. Here we show that their properties indicate a common origin: the decay of mesons produced in collisions of cosmic rays accelerated in relativistic jets with matter in/near source. Moreover, their properties are those expected if their common source is the highly relativistic jets that produce the long duration gamma ray bursts in core collapse supernovae of type Ic, which take place mostly in the densest regions of giant molecular clouds in star forming galaxies.

Dado, Shlomo

2014-01-01

359

Nickel hydrogen common pressure vessel battery development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Our present design for a common pressure vessel (CPV) battery, a nickel hydrogen battery system to combine all of the cells into a common pressure vessel, uses an open disk which allows the cell to be set into a shallow cavity; subsequent cells are stacked on each other with the total number based on the battery voltage required. This approach not only eliminates the assembly error threat, but also more readily assures equal contact pressure to the heat fin between each cell, which further assures balanced heat transfer. These heat fin dishes with their appropriate cell stacks are held together with tie bars which in turn are connected to the pressure vessel weld rings at each end of the tube.

Jones, Kenneth R.; Zagrodnik, Jeffrey P.

1992-01-01

360

Common cold outbreaks: A network theory approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, at first we evaluated the network structure in social encounters by which respiratory diseases can spread. We considered common-cold and recorded a sample of human population and actual encounters between them. Our results show that the database structure presents a great value of clustering. In the second step, we evaluated dynamics of disease spread with SIR model by assigning a function to each node of the structural network. The rate of disease spread in networks was observed to be inversely correlated with characteristic path length. Therefore, the shortcuts have a significant role in increasing spread rate. We conclude that the dynamics of social encounters' network stands between the random and the lattice in network spectrum. Although in this study we considered the period of common-cold disease for network dynamics, it seems that similar approaches may be useful for other airborne diseases such as SARS.

Vishkaie, Faranak Rajabi; Bakouie, Fatemeh; Gharibzadeh, Shahriar

2014-11-01

361

Lead poisoning in common loons (Gavia immer).  

PubMed

Two emaciated common loons (Gavia immer) were believed to have died of lead poisoning when fragments of fishing lines and lead sinkers were discovered in their stomachs. Later a third emaciated loon, which had only the remnants of fishing line in its stomach, was suspected of being a possible lead-poisoning victim when all other test results were negative. The liver lead levels in the first two loons were 20.6 ppm and 46.1 ppm (wet weight), and the level in the third was 38.52 ppm (wet weight). Thirteen common loons dying of other causes had liver lead levels of less than 1 ppm (wet weight). PMID:7103895

Locke, L N; Kerr, S M; Zoromski, D

1982-01-01

362

Misdiagnosis of common variable immune deficiency.  

PubMed

We present details of a man who was originally diagnosed with sarcoidosis, based on a combination of nodal granulomatous inflammation and radiology confirming bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy with pulmonary infiltrates. The patient subsequently developed splenomegaly and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and, latterly, a severe cavitating pneumonia. Serum immunoglobulins were checked, confirming panhypogammaglobulinaemia, and his diagnosis was revised to common variable immune deficiency (CVID). CVID is a heterogeneous condition, which can mimic sarcoidosis with granulomatous organ involvement and is commonly complicated by autoimmune disorders, including ITP. Prompt recognition is important to allow early introduction of immunoglobulin replacement therapy to decrease infection frequency, reduce development of secondary disease complications and retard progression of tissue damage. Given the potential for misdiagnosis and delay in recognition of CVID, serum immunoglobulin measurement should be a first-line investigation in patients with suspected sarcoidosis, even if the presentation is 'typical'. Current international sarcoidosis guidelines should be revised accordingly. PMID:24692376

Shanks, Anne-Marie; Alluri, Ratna; Herriot, Richard; Dempsey, Owen

2014-01-01

363

[Common variable immunodeficiency: a clinical challenge].  

PubMed

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) represents the most common clinically relevant form of primary immunodeficiency. This heterogeneous antibody deficiency syndrome is characterized not only by susceptibility to bacterial respiratory tract infections but displays additional signs of immune dysregulation, such as autoimmunity, chronic inflammation and lymphoproliferation in more than 30?% of the patients. Due to poor awareness the diagnosis is often delayed by 4-6 years. A close collaboration in patient care with a center specialized in primary immunodeficiency is recommended. Regular follow-up visits include assessment of adequate immunoglobulin replacement therapy and screening for manifestation of secondary complications. Regular substitution with intravenous or subcutaneous immunoglobulins has more or less normalized life expectancy of patients with isolated susceptibility to bacterial infections. Therefore, the current core task in the management of CVID patients is the elaboration of more effective and safer forms of prophylaxis and treatment of sequelae of immune dysregulation in the lungs, intestines and liver of affected patients. PMID:23929240

Warnatz, K; Goldacker, S

2013-09-01

364

Common sports injuries to the knee.  

PubMed

The evaluation and treatment of knee injuries is common in the practice of sports medicine. The knee is the most commonly injured joint of the lower extremity. Therefore, the podiatrist should have an adequate knowledge and skill in the knee examination, anatomy, pathology, and biomechanics to properly diagnose and treat disorders of the joint. The etiologies of knee pain can be divided into five categories: (1) anterior, (2) posterior, (3) medial, (4) lateral, and (5) general for simplicity of description. The doctor can easily evaluate the painful knee in the athlete by remembering the major pathologies within each anatomic quadrant. Attention should be directed at those deformities of the knee that have biomechanical origins in the foot, in part or in toto. This biomechanical relationship when balanced into the treatment plan will increase the success of the management of the patient. PMID:3293754

Baylis, W J; Rzonca, E C

1988-07-01

365

Some sampling properties of common phase estimators  

PubMed Central

The instantaneous phase of neural rhythms is important to many neuroscience related studies. In this short note, the statistical sampling properties of three instantaneous phase estimators commonly employed to analyze neuroscience data are shown to share common features allowing for an analytical investigation into their behaviour. These three phase estimators – the Hilbert, complex Morlet, and discrete Fourier transform – are each shown to maximize the likelihood of the data, assuming the observation of different neural signals. This connection, explored with the use of a geometric argument, is used to describe the bias and variance properties of each of the phase estimators, their temporal dependence, as well as the effect of model miss-specification. This analysis suggests how prior knowledge about a rhythmic signal can be used to improve the accuracy of phase estimates. PMID:23339610

Lepage, Kyle Q.; Kramer, Mark A.; Eden, Uri T.

2013-01-01

366

Heavy metals in common foodstuff: Daily intake  

SciTech Connect

Lately, toxic effects of some heavy metals (Pb, Cd) as well as desirable ones of some others (Ni, Mn, Zn) have been a field of thorough investigation. The main way of human body fortification in metals is through foodchain depending on the kind and quantity of the consumed food, according to dietary habits. The purpose of this study is the calculation of metals daily intake through common foodstuff of Greek inhabitants. The calculation is based on results from quantitative analysis of Pb, Cd, Ni, Mn, and Zn in common foodstuff from the market of the city of Thessaloniki. The daily food consumption data is derived from three sources: (a) answers to a questionnaire distributed to families of the city of Thessaloniki, (b) nutrition data provided by the Agricultural Bank of Greece and (c) nutrition data according to international bibliography.

Tsoumbaris, P.; Tsoukali-Papadopoulou, H. (Univ. of Thessaloniki (Greece))

1994-07-01

367

A Common Word: Building Global Goodwill  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a A Common Word Between Us and You, an initiative, coordinated by the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute of Islamic Thought in Jordan, is an invitation signed by 138\\u000a Muslim leaders from across the theological and geographical spectrum to the Pope and other Christian leaders to work together\\u000a for peace, justice and harmony based on two foundational principles of both religions, love

Barney Zwartz

368

Mapping common regulatory variants to human haplotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inter-individual variation in gene expression has proven to be in part governed by genetic determinants, which may be trans -o rcis-acting. The underlying cause of cis-acting regulatory variation has been identified in only a handful of the hundreds of genes shown to display differential allelic expression. In this report, we describe a systematic effort to map common cis-acting variants in

Tomi Pastinen; Bing Ge; Scott Gurd; Tiffany Gaudin; Carole Dore; Mathieu Lemire; Pierre Lepage; Eef Harmsen; Thomas J. Hudson

2005-01-01

369

The common law as central economic planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central economic planning traditionally has set goals and allocated resources by supplanting the price system with central\\u000a direction. Planners engaged in industry-by-industry and firm-by-firm decision making, all to achieve predetermined targets.\\u000a The neoclassical approach to law and economics posits that common law judges engage in a similar activity, in rendering decisions\\u000a that maximize wealth. A significant feature of this approach

Peter H. Aranson

1992-01-01

370

A Review on Less-common Nanostructures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Less-comon nanostructures (nanoforms) such as “nanodumbbells”, “nanorices”, “nanolines”, “nanotowers”, “nanoshuttles”, “nanobowlings”, “nanowheels”, “nanofans”, “nanopencils”, “nanotrees”, “nanoarrows”, “nanonails”, “nanobottles”, or “nanovolcanoes”, among many others, have been reviewed. A considerable part of these nanoforms corresponds to gold, zinc oxide, and several binary inorganic compounds that are widely used in electronics. Synthesis methods for obtaining less-common nanoforms include wet-chemistry and electrochemical techniques, laser

Oxana V. Kharissova; Boris I. Kharisov; Tomás Hernández García; Ubaldo Ortiz Méndez

2009-01-01

371

The GPM Common Calibrated Brightness Temperature Product  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) project will provide a core satellite carrying the GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) and will use microwave observations from a constellation of other satellites. Each partner with a satellite in the constellation will have a calibration that meets their own requirements and will decide on the format to archive their brightness temperature (Tb) record in GPM. However, GPM multi-sensor precipitation algorithms need to input intercalibrated Tb's in order to avoid differences among sensors introducing artifacts into the longer term climate record of precipitation. The GPM Common Calibrated Brightness Temperature Product is intended to address this problem by providing intercalibrated Tb data, called "Tc" data, where the "c" stands for common. The precipitation algorithms require a Tc file format that is both generic and flexible enough to accommodate the different passive microwave instruments. The format will provide detailed information on the processing history in order to allow future researchers to have a record of what was done. The format will be simple, including the main items of scan time, latitude, longitude, and Tc. It will also provide spacecraft orientation, spacecraft location, orbit, and instrument scan type (cross-track or conical). Another simplification is to store data in real numbers, avoiding the ambiguity of scaled data. Finally, units and descriptions will be provided in the product. The format is built on the concept of a swath, which is a series of scans that have common geolocation and common scan geometry. Scan geometry includes pixels per scan, sensor orientation, scan type, and incidence angles. The Tc algorithm and data format are being tested using the pre-GPM Precipitation Processing System (PPS) software to generate formats and 1/0 routines. In the test, data from SSM/I, TMI, AMSR-E, and WindSat are being processed and written as Tc products.

Stout, John; Berg, Wesley; Huffman, George; Kummerow, Chris; Stocker, Erich

2005-01-01

372

Consortia Provide Preview of Common Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As teachers begin shaping lessons for the common standards, many are wondering how to prepare their students for tests that won't be ready for at least two years. Sample items being drafted for those exams offer early ideas of what lies ahead. Two large groups of states are using federal Race to the Top money to create new suites of exams for the…

Gewertz, Catherine

2012-01-01

373

Common muscle synergies for balance and walking  

PubMed Central

Little is known about the integration of neural mechanisms for balance and locomotion. Muscle synergies have been studied independently in standing balance and walking, but not compared. Here, we hypothesized that reactive balance and walking are mediated by a common set of lower-limb muscle synergies. In humans, we examined muscle activity during multidirectional support-surface perturbations during standing and walking, as well as unperturbed walking at two speeds. We show that most muscle synergies used in perturbations responses during standing were also used in perturbation responses during walking, suggesting common neural mechanisms for reactive balance across different contexts. We also show that most muscle synergies using in reactive balance were also used during unperturbed walking, suggesting that neural circuits mediating locomotion and reactive balance recruit a common set of muscle synergies to achieve task-level goals. Differences in muscle synergies across conditions reflected differences in the biomechanical demands of the tasks. For example, muscle synergies specific to walking perturbations may reflect biomechanical challenges associated with single limb stance, and muscle synergies used during sagittal balance recovery in standing but not walking were consistent with maintaining the different desired center of mass motions in standing vs. walking. Thus, muscle synergies specifying spatial organization of muscle activation patterns may define a repertoire of biomechanical subtasks available to different neural circuits governing walking and reactive balance and may be recruited based on task-level goals. Muscle synergy analysis may aid in dissociating deficits in spatial vs. temporal organization of muscle activity in motor deficits. Muscle synergy analysis may also provide a more generalizable assessment of motor function by identifying whether common modular mechanisms are impaired across the performance of multiple motor tasks. PMID:23653605

Chvatal, Stacie A.; Ting, Lena H.

2013-01-01

374

Laparoscopic management of common bile duct stones  

Microsoft Academic Search

:   We reviewed our experience with the management of common bile duct (CBD) stones in 100 consecutive patients treated laparoscopicaly\\u000a during the past 9 years (1990–1998) and evaluated the advantages, disadvantages, and feasibility of the treatment, to elucidate\\u000a reasonable therapeutic strategies for patients harboring CBD stones. We conclude that the most rational management of CBD\\u000a stones is that which is

Tatsuo Yamakawa; Shigeru Sakai; Zhuang-Bo Mu; German Pineres

2000-01-01

375

Plutonium uptake by common soil aerobes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radionuclide contamination in soils and groundwater poses a risk to both human and environmental health. The DOE has identified 12 sites with significant U contamination in the soils and ground water, and 10 sites with Pu contamination.1 It is important to study the interactions of common soil microbes with these radionuclides both to understand the environmental fate of these contaminants and to evaluate the potential of biological techniques to remediate contaminated soils and water.

John, Seth; Rugglero, Christy; Hersman, Larry; Neu, Mary

2000-07-01

376

Imaging of Common Adult Neurologic Disorders  

PubMed Central

The family physician is often called upon to diagnose a range of adult neurologic disorders. Clinical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging studies are required to discover their cause. Various imaging modalities can be used to evaluate common adult disorders of the central nervous system. ImagesFigures 1-2Figure 3Figure 4Figures 5-6Figures 7-8Figures 9-11 PMID:21229013

McLennan, Michael K.; Marotta, Thomas R.; TerBrugge, Karel G.; Marotta, Joseph T.

1991-01-01

377

New Literacies and the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It makes sense that an emphasis on new ways of reading and writing fits easily within the Common Core umbrella. After all, a primary thrust of the new standards is college and career readiness. How can young people be prepared to thrive in today's society--in which people are connected 24 hours a day by media and coworkers may well live in…

Kist, William

2013-01-01

378

Common variable immunodeficiency and the gastrointestinal tract  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the second most prevalent primary immunodeficiency disorder but clinically the\\u000a most important. It causes a wide spectrum of symptoms and signs affecting many systems of the body. CVID is a combination\\u000a of humoral and cell-mediated deficiency, which explains not only why so many systems are affected but also why standard therapy\\u000a in the form of

Ishaan Kalha; Joseph H. Sellin

2004-01-01

379

Freeing data through The Polar Information Commons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The polar regions are changing rapidly with dramatic global effect. Wise management of resources, improved decision support, and effective international cooperation on resource and geopolitical issues require deeper understanding and better prediction of these changes. Unfortunately, polar data and information remain scattered, scarce, and sporadic. Inspired by the Antarctic Treaty of 1959 that established the Antarctic as a global commons to be used only for peaceful purposes and scientific research, we assert that data and information about the polar regions are themselves "public goods" that should be shared ethically and with minimal constraint. We therefore envision the Polar Information Commons (PIC) as an open, virtual repository for vital scientific data and information that would provide a shared, community-based cyber-infrastructure fostering innovation, improving scientific efficiency, and encouraging participation in polar research, education, planning, and management. The PIC will build on the legacy of the International Polar Year (IPY), providing a long-term framework for access to and preservation of both existing and future data and information about the polar regions. Rapid change demands rapid data access. The PIC system will enable scientists to quickly expose their data to the world and share them through open protocols on the Internet. A PIC digital label will alert users and data centers to new polar data and ensure that usage rights are clear. The PIC will utilize the Science Commons Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data, which promotes open data access through the public domain coupled with community norms of practice to ensure use of data in a fair and equitable manner. A set of PIC norms is currently being developed in consultation with key polar data organizations and other stakeholders. We welcome inputs from the broad science community as we further develop and refine the PIC approach and move ahead with implementation.

de Bruin, Taco; Chen, Robert; Parsons, Mark; Carlson, David

2010-05-01

380

Freeing data through The Polar Information Commons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The polar regions are changing rapidly with dramatic global effect. Wise management of resources, improved decision support, and effective international cooperation on resource and geopolitical issues require deeper understanding and better prediction of these changes. Unfortunately, polar data and information remain scattered, scarce, and sporadic. Inspired by the Antarctic Treaty of 1959 that established the Antarctic as a global commons to be used only for peaceful purposes and scientific research, we assert that data and information about the polar regions are themselves “public goods” that should be shared ethically and with minimal constraint. ICSU’s Committee on Data (CODATA) therefore started the Polar Information Commons (PIC) as an open, virtual repository for vital scientific data and information. The PIC provides a shared, community-based cyber-infrastructure fostering innovation, improving scientific efficiency, and encouraging participation in polar research, education, planning, and management. The PIC builds on the legacy of the International Polar Year (IPY), providing a long-term framework for access to and preservation of both existing and future data and information about the polar regions. Rapid change demands rapid data access. The PIC system enables scientists to quickly expose their data to the world and share them through open protocols on the Internet. A PIC digital label will alert users and data centers to new polar data and ensure that usage rights are clear. The PIC utilizes the Science Commons Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data, which promotes open data access through the public domain coupled with community norms of practice to ensure use of data in a fair and equitable manner. A set of PIC norms has been developed in consultation with key polar data organizations and other stakeholders. We welcome inputs from the broad science community as we further develop and refine the PIC approach and move ahead with implementation.

de Bruin, T.; Chen, R. S.; Parsons, M. A.; Carlson, D. J.; Cass, K.; Finney, K.; Wilbanks, J.; Jochum, K.

2010-12-01

381

Freeing data through The Polar Information Commons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The polar regions are changing rapidly with dramatic global effect. Wise management of resources, improved decision support, and effective international cooperation on resource and geopolitical issues require deeper understanding and better prediction of these changes. Unfortunately, polar data and information remain scattered, scarce, and sporadic. Inspired by the Antarctic Treaty of 1959 that established the Antarctic as a global commons to be used only for peaceful purposes and scientific research, we assert that data and information about the polar regions are themselves “public goods” that should be shared ethically and with minimal constraint. We therefore envision the Polar Information Commons (PIC) as an open, virtual repository for vital scientific data and information that would provide a shared, community-based cyber-infrastructure fostering innovation, improving scientific efficiency, and encouraging participation in polar research, education, planning, and management. The PIC will build on the legacy of the International Polar Year (IPY), providing a long-term framework for access to and preservation of both existing and future data and information about the polar regions. Rapid change demands rapid data access. The PIC system will enable scientists to quickly expose their data to the world and share them through open protocols on the Internet. A PIC digital label will alert users and data centers to new polar data and ensure that usage rights are clear. The PIC will utilize the Science Commons Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data, which promotes open data access through the public domain coupled with community norms of practice to ensure use of data in a fair and equitable manner. A set of PIC norms is currently being developed in consultation with key polar data organizations and other stakeholders. We welcome inputs from the broad science community as we further develop and refine the PIC approach and move ahead with implementation.

de Bruin, T.; Chen, R. S.; Parsons, M. A.; Carlson, D. J.

2009-12-01

382

Commonality in Down and Fetal Alcohol Syndromes  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Down syndrome (DS) and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) are two leading causes of birth defects with phenotypes ranging from craniofacial abnormalities to cognitive impairment. Despite different origins, we report that in addition to sharing many phenotypes, DS and FAS may have common underlying mechanisms of development. METHODS Literature was surveyed for DS and FAS as well as mouse models. Gene expression and apoptosis were compared in embryonic mouse models of DS and FAS by qPCR, immunohistochemical and immunoflurorescence analyses. The craniometry was examined using MicroCT at postnatal day 21. RESULTS A literature survey revealed over 20 comparable craniofacial and structural deficits in both humans with DS and FAS and corresponding mouse models. Similar phenotypes were experimentally found in pre- and postnatal craniofacial and neurological tissues of DS and FAS mice. Dysregulation of two genes, Dyrk1a and Rcan1, key to craniofacial and neurological precursors of DS, was shared in craniofacial precursors of DS and FAS embryos. Increased cleaved caspase 3 expression was also discovered in comparable regions of the craniofacial and brain precursors of DS and FAS embryos. Further mechanistic studies suggested overexpression of trisomic Ttc3 in DS embyros may influence nuclear pAkt localization and cell survival. CONCLUSIONS This first and initial study indicates that DS and FAS share common dysmorphologies in humans and animal models. This work also suggests common mechanisms at cellular and molecular levels that are disrupted by trisomy or alcohol consumption during pregnancy and lead to craniofacial and neurological phenotypes associated with DS or FAS. PMID:23554291

Solzak, Jeffrey P.; Liang, Yun; Zhou, Feng C.; Roper, Randall J.

2014-01-01

383

Common foot and ankle injuries in dance.  

PubMed

Classical ballet is a popular but physically demanding activity. Minor injuries become increasingly common as the dancer encounters the greater workload of professional dancing. The doctor must have a basic knowledge of ballet technique and an understanding of the mental approach of dancers to accurately diagnose and effectively treat their injuries. The practice of dancing on the toes, the exaggerated turn out of the feet, and the extreme flexibility of the hips and spine all lead to unusual injuries. With informed conservative treatment, most ballet injuries will heal, but surgery is occasionally required. PMID:7904737

Quirk, R

1994-01-01

384

Sports medicine in children: common overuse injuries.  

PubMed

With millions of children participating in high-intensity sports activities at a young age, overuse injuries are seen commonly by family physicians. Little Leaguer's shoulder, swimmer's shoulder, Little Leaguer's elbow, snapping hip, and shin splints are 5 overuse injuries frequently sustained by pediatric athletes. Physicians managing these injuries require a basic understanding of the underlying sport-related strain on the body. Diagnosis is clinical for most patients, and management typically is conservative. The physician must be able to differentiate these conditions from more significant injuries that necessitate further imaging and referral. For most patients, monitoring and limiting the repetitive activity can prevent the occurrence of these injuries. PMID:24555726

Fountain, Lorna B

2014-02-01

385

Perspectives on common variable immune deficiency  

PubMed Central

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is considered to be a collection of genetic immune defects with complex inheritance patterns. While the main phenotype is loss of B cell function, the majority of the genetic mechanisms leading to CVID remain elusive. In the past two decades there have been increasing efforts to unravel the genetic defects in CVID. Here, we provide an overview of our current understanding of the genetic basis of these defects, as revealed over time by earlier linkage studies in large cohorts, analysis of families with recessive inheritance, targeted gene approaches, and genome-wide association studies using single nucleotide polymorphism arrays and copy number variation, and whole genome studies. PMID:22236429

Park, Joon H.; Resnick, Elena S.; Cunningham-Rundles, Charlotte

2012-01-01

386

Bilateral common carotid occlusion without neurological deficit.  

PubMed

A 40-year-old man presented with pain and numbness in his right arm. On his clinical examination, no neurological deficit was found. Bilateral common carotid artery duplex sonography scan demonstrated no flow in either lumen. No abnormality was recognized on brain CT. On cerebral digital substraction angiogram, total occlusion of the brachiocephalic trunk and left carotid artery were shown. There was a modest stenosis in the left vertebral artery. Collateral circulation feeding the intracranial carotid system mainly originated from the left vertebrobasilar system. Previous cases of bilateral carotid occlusion are reviewed and discussed. PMID:12452914

Karaköse, Serdar; Karabacakoglu, Aydin; Solak, Hasan

2002-12-01

387

The Most Common Errors in Undergraduate Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Both students and teachers of undergraduate mathematics courses are likely to find some useful insights on this Web site. As the old saying goes, it is best to hear things straight from the horse's mouth; indeed, The Most Common Errors in Undergraduate Mathematics was compiled by a math professor at Vanderbilt University. It contains many observations about unwarranted generalizations, algebra mistakes, ambiguous notation, and communication errors that are frequently committed by students and teachers. Despite being funny at times, all of the errors cited have probably been experienced by anyone who has enrolled in or taught such courses. The author welcomes contributions.

Schechter, Eric

388

Autoimmune Manifestations in Common Variable Immunodeficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  About 20% of subjects with common variable immune deficiency (CVID) develop an autoimmune complication, most often immune\\u000a thrombocytopenia or hemolytic anemia. While the pathogenesis of autoreactivity is unknown for CVID subjects in general, and\\u000a to a greater extent in those with autoimmunity, there is a loss of switched memory B cells.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Discussion  About 7–8% of CVID subjects have mutations in the

C. Cunningham-Rundles

2008-01-01

389

Common plankton of Twin Lakes, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

A series of studies is being performed to evaluate the effects of the Mt. Elbert Pumped-Storage Powerplant on the ecology of Twin Lakes. Twin Lakes are a pair of connected dimictic lakes, formed as the result of glacial action on alluvial deposits. This report presents a taxonomic species study of the common plankton collected since 1974 from Twin Lakes. A total of 11 zooplankters and 14 phytoplankters were identified from the limnetic zone of Twin Lakes and the associated Mt. Elbert Forebay. The four divisions of zooplankton included four species of Rotifera (rotifer), three species of Copepoda (copepod), three species of Cladocera (cladoceran), and one species of Mysidacea (opossum shrimp).

Lieberman, D.M.

1983-02-01

390

Ultrahigh power efficiency operation of common-emitter and common-base HBT's at 10 GHz  

Microsoft Academic Search

The DC and RF characteristics of microwave power HBTs are described. Ultrahigh power-added efficiency is reported for AlGaAs-GaAs HBTs operating at 10 GHz in common-emitter (CE) and common-base (CB) modes. A record high 67.8% power-added efficiency with 11.6 dB associated gain was achieved with a CE HBT at a CW output power of 0.226 W, corresponding to a power density

N. L. Wang; N. H. Sheng; M.-C. F. Chang; W. J. Ho; G. J. Sullivan; E. A. Sovero; J. A. Higgins; P. M. Asbeck

1990-01-01

391

Family studies in common variable immunodeficiency.  

PubMed

The occurrence of cancer, immunodeficiency, and diseases with possible autoimmune aetiology were studied in 355 blood relatives of 12 patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). The family members were identified through the patients and interviewed after completing a questionnaire, their diseases were medically confirmed by local general practitioners. In two families consanguineous marriages were identified with the coefficients of inbreeding of 0.03125 and 0.01563, respectively: one patient, a dizygotic twin of an unaffected sister, was a granddaughter of first cousins, the second patient was the third daughter of second cousins. These cases of CVID strongly support the autosomal recessivity of the underlying genes. One male patient with CVID was shown to be related to a patient with X-linked hypogammaglobulinaemia, both sharing a common carrier. The different clinical courses of their diseases suggest two genetically determined immunodeficiencies and genetic heterogeneity. No family had an unusual clustering of cancer. The occurrence of tumours in the blood relatives of CVID patients was not significantly higher than in the relatives of spouse controls. Immunological examination of 30 first degree relatives of the CVID patients revealed three children (2 males and 1 female) with selective IgA deficiency, in one boy combined with elevated serum IgE level. Four relatives with rheumatoid heart disease, 12 cases of gastric or duodenal ulcer, and 14 relatives with thyroid disease represented the most often encountered diagnoses with a possible autoimmune component in their aetiology. PMID:1880404

Vorechovský, I; Litzman, J; Lokaj, J; Sobotková, R

1991-01-01

392

Is synaesthesia more common in autism?  

PubMed Central

Background Synaesthesia is a neurodevelopmental condition in which a sensation in one modality triggers a perception in a second modality. Autism (shorthand for Autism Spectrum Conditions) is a neurodevelopmental condition involving social-communication disability alongside resistance to change and unusually narrow interests or activities. Whilst on the surface they appear distinct, they have been suggested to share common atypical neural connectivity. Methods In the present study, we carried out the first prevalence study of synaesthesia in autism to formally test whether these conditions are independent. After exclusions, 164 adults with autism and 97 controls completed a synaesthesia questionnaire, Autism Spectrum Quotient, and Test of Genuineness-Revised (ToG-R) online. Results The rate of synaesthesia in adults with autism was 18.9% (31 out of 164), almost three times greater than in controls (7.22%, 7 out of 97, P <0.05). ToG-R proved unsuitable for synaesthetes with autism. Conclusions The significant increase in synaesthesia prevalence in autism suggests that the two conditions may share some common underlying mechanisms. Future research is needed to develop more feasible validation methods of synaesthesia in autism. PMID:24252644

2013-01-01

393

Common questions about Clostridium difficile infection.  

PubMed

Clostridium difficile infection is a common cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. It causes no symptoms in more than one-half of infected patients, but can also cause a wide spectrum of illnesses and death. The incidence and severity have increased in recent years. The most important modifiable risk factor for C. difficile infection is antibiotic exposure; this risk is dose-related and higher with longer courses and combination therapy. C. difficile infection is also associated with older age, recent hospitalization, multiple comorbidities, use of gastric acid blockers, inflammatory bowel disease, and immunosuppression. It has become more common in younger, healthier patients in community settings. The most practical testing options are rapid testing with nucleic acid amplification or enzyme immunoassays to detect toxin, or a two-step strategy. Treatment includes discontinuing the contributing antibiotic, if possible. Mild C. difficile infection should be treated with oral metronidazole; severe infection should be treated with oral vancomycin. Fidaxomicin may be an effective alternative. Recurrences of the infection should be treated based on severity. Tapering and the pulsed-dose method of oral vancomycin therapy for second recurrences are effective. Prevention includes responsible antibiotic prescribing and vigilant handwashing. Probiotics prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea, but are not recommended specifically for preventing C. difficile infection. PMID:24695562

Winslow, Bradford T; Onysko, Mary; Thompson, Kathleen A; Caldwell, Katharine; Ehlers, Gordon H

2014-03-15

394

47 CFR 74.22 - Use of common antenna structure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Use of common antenna structure. 74.22 Section 74.22 Telecommunication...74 § 74.22 Use of common antenna structure. The simultaneous use of a common antenna structure by more than one station...

2012-10-01

395

47 CFR 74.22 - Use of common antenna structure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Use of common antenna structure. 74.22 Section 74.22 Telecommunication...74 § 74.22 Use of common antenna structure. The simultaneous use of a common antenna structure by more than one station...

2013-10-01

396

47 CFR 74.22 - Use of common antenna structure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Use of common antenna structure. 74.22 Section 74.22 Telecommunication...74 § 74.22 Use of common antenna structure. The simultaneous use of a common antenna structure by more than one station...

2011-10-01

397

Common Medicaid Rip Off and Tips to Prevent Fraud  

MedlinePLUS

... Medicaid Rip-Offs and Tips to Prevent Fraud Common Medicaid Rip-Offs and Tips to Prevent Fraud ... most common rip-offs and fraud schemes include: Common Rip-offs Payments (in cash or in kind) ...

398

18 CFR 367.2010 - Account 201, Common stock issued.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Account 201, Common stock issued. 367.2010 Section...Capital § 367.2010 Account 201, Common stock issued. This account must include the par or stated value of all common capital stock issued and...

2010-04-01

399

29 CFR 779.224 - Common control in other cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Common control in other cases. 779.224 Section...Apply; Enterprise Coverage Unified Operation Or Common Control § 779.224 Common control in other cases. (a) As stated in §...

2010-07-01

400

49 CFR 1242.00 - Separation of common operating expenses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Separation of common operating expenses. 1242.00 Section...RECORDS AND REPORTS SEPARATION OF COMMON OPERATING EXPENSES BETWEEN FREIGHT SERVICE...Instructions § 1242.00 Separation of common operating expenses. (a)...

2010-10-01

401

49 CFR 1150.22 - Exemptions and common carrier status.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Exemptions and common carrier status. 1150.22 Section...Necessity § 1150.22 Exemptions and common carrier status. The acquisition...line itself, it will be considered a common carrier. However, when a State...

2010-10-01

402

Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Mathematics Curriculum Materials  

E-print Network

1 Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Mathematics Curriculum Materials;3 Overview of the Common Core State Standards Mathematics Curriculum Analysis Project In June 2010, 2011). As such, the new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) will stimulate significant

Milner, Fabio Augusto

403

Moraxella Catarrhalis: A Common Cause of Childhood Illnesses  

MedlinePLUS

... Childhood Illnesses Health Issues Listen Moraxella Catarrhalis: A Common Cause of Childhood Illnesses Article Body A number of common childhood illnesses, including some middle ear (otitis media) ...

404

Solving multi-leader-common-follower games.  

SciTech Connect

Multi-leader-common-follower games arise when modelling two or more competitive firms, the leaders, that commit to their decisions prior to another group of competitive firms, the followers, that react to the decisions made by the leaders. These problems lead in a natural way to equilibrium problems with equilibrium constraints (EPECs). We develop a characterization of the solution sets for these problems and examine a variety of nonlinear optimization and nonlinear complementarity formulations of EPECs. We distinguish two broad cases: problems where the leaders can cost-differentiate and problems with price-consistent followers. We demonstrate the practical viability of our approach by solving a range of medium-sized test problems.

Leyffer, S.; Munson, T.; Mathematics and Computer Science

2010-01-01

405

Common Methodology for Efficient Airspace Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics include: a) Developing a common methodology to model and avoid disturbances affecting airspace. b) Integrated contrails and emission models to a national level airspace simulation. c) Developed capability to visualize, evaluate technology and alternate operational concepts and provide inputs for policy-analysis tools to reduce the impact of aviation on the environment. d) Collaborating with Volpe Research Center, NOAA and DLR to leverage expertise and tools in aircraft emissions and weather/climate modeling. Airspace operations is a trade-off balancing safety, capacity, efficiency and environmental considerations. Ideal flight: Unimpeded wind optimal route with optimal climb and descent. Operations degraded due to reduction in airport and airspace capacity caused by inefficient procedures and disturbances.

Sridhar, Banavar

2012-01-01

406

The GPM Common Calibrated Brightness Temperature Product  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) project will provide a core satellite carrying the GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) and will use microwave observations from a constellation of other satellites. Each partner with a satellite in the constellation will have a calibration that meets their own requirements and will decide on the format to archive their brightness temperature (Tb) record in GPM. However, GPM multi-sensor precipitation algorithms need to input intercalibrated Tb's in order to avoid differences among sensors introducing artifacts into the longer term climate record of precipitation. The GPM Common Calibrated Brightness Temperature Product is intended to address this problem by providing intercalibrated Tb data, called "Tc" data, where the "c" stands for common. The precipitation algorithms require a Tc file format that is both generic and flexible enough to accommodate the different passive microwave instruments. The format provides detailed information on the processing history in order to allow future researchers to have a record of what was done. The format is simple, including the main items of scan time, latitude, longitude, incidence angle, sun glint angle, and Tc. It also provides a quality flag, spacecraft orientation, spacecraft location, orbit, and instrument scan type (cross-track or conical). Another simplification is to store data in real numbers, avoiding the ambiguity of scaled data. Finally, units and descriptions will be provided in the product. The format is built on the concept of a swath, which is a series of scans that have common geolocation and common scan geometry. Scan geometry includes pixels per scan, sensor orientation, scan type, and incidence angles. The format includes 3 space saving methods: first rounding variables written as floats to their needed accuracy to achieve good compression, second writing sun glint angle as a one byte variable, and third storing only unique incidence angles but allowing access via a mapping array. Two programs are used to create a Tc product. Program One reads the input data which may be antenna temperature (Ta) or Tb and could be an orbit with an arbitrary starting point or a half orbit. Program One then writes a "base" file which is a standard orbit and written in a base format which preserves all the information from the input. Program Two reads the base file, calibrates the radiance information, and outputs Tc in the standard format. The use of two programs allows researchers to insert experimental calibrations in Program Two without having to read the input to Program One or orbitize the data. The Tc algorithms and data formats are being tested using the pre-GPM Precipitation Processing System (PPS) software to generate formats and I/O routines. In the test, data from SSM/I, SSMI/S, TMI, AMSR-E, and WindSat are being processed and written as Tc products.

Stout, J.; Chou, J.

2010-12-01

407

Common dermatologic manifestations of primary immune deficiencies.  

PubMed

The skin is the largest organ of our body; it consists of the epidermis, dermis, hair follicles, sweat glands, blood vessels, and connective tissue matrix. Its main function is to act as a barrier to the outside world and protect us from infections. Any component of the skin is subject to insults from the environment and/or from within the body. Primary immune deficiency patients present with recurrent or prolonged infections not frequently seen in healthy individuals. Oftentimes, these infections involve the skin. Primary immune deficiency may also present with noninfectious cutaneous signs, such as eczema; erythroderma; granulomas; dysplasia of the skin, hair, nails, or teeth; pigmentary changes; angioedema; urticaria; vasculitis; or autoimmune skin disease due to immune dysregulation. Prompt recognition of the underlying diagnosis and initiation of treatment decrease morbidity. This review provides the reader with an up-to-date summary of the common dermatologic manifestations of primary immune deficiency diseases. PMID:25269404

Relan, Manisha; Lehman, Heather K

2014-12-01

408

Removing inorganics: Common methods have limits  

SciTech Connect

When EPA sets a regulation (a maximum contaminant level) for a contaminant, it must also specify the best available technology (BAT) that can be used to remove the contaminant. Because the regulations apply to community water systems, the technologies selected are ones that are commonly used to treat community size water systems. Thus, EPA R and D program has focused its efforts on evaluating primarily community applied technologies such as conventional coagulation-filtration, lime softening, ion exchange, adsorption, and membrane process. When BAT is identified for a specific contaminant, frequently the BAT will be listed with its limitations because the process is often not effective under all water quality conditions. The same limitations would also apply to POU/POE treatment. The paper discusses EPA's regulations on inorganic contaminants, the best available technologies cited by EPA, and the limitations of the processes. Using arsenic as an example, the impact of the contaminant chemistry and water quality on removals is presented.

Sorg, T.J.

1991-06-01

409

Property rights, genes, and common good.  

PubMed

This paper applies aspects of Hugo Grotius's theologically informed theory of property to contemporary issues concerning access to the human DNA sequence and patenting practices. It argues that Christians who contribute to public debate in these areas might beneficially employ some of the concepts with which he worked--notably "common right," the "right of necessity," and "use right." In the seventeenth century, wars were fought over trading rights and access to the sea. In the twenty-first century, information and intellectual property are the issues of the day. Grotius's writings serve to correct the overemphasis in modern liberalism on individual rights, and have practical application to the debate concerning the reduction of the human genome to the status of private property. PMID:17144023

Reed, Esther D

2006-03-01

410

Algorithmic commonalities in the parallel environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ultimate aim of this project was to analyze procedures from substantially different application areas to discover what is either common or peculiar in the process of conversion to the Massively Parallel Processor (MPP). Three areas were identified: molecular dynamic simulation, production systems (rule systems), and various graphics and vision algorithms. To date, only selected graphics procedures have been investigated. They are the most readily available, and produce the most visible results. These include simple polygon patch rendering, raycasting against a constructive solid geometric model, and stochastic or fractal based textured surface algorithms. Only the simplest of conversion strategies, mapping a major loop to the array, has been investigated so far. It is not entirely satisfactory.

Mcanulty, Michael A.; Wainer, Michael S.

1987-01-01

411

Drought Tolerance Indices Study in Common Bean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To study Drought tolerance indices, 10 common bean varieties were evaluated in a split plot experiment in the form of complete block design with three replications. The main plots were three environmental conditions namely: non stress (normal), drought stress at vegetative stage and drought stress at reproductive stage. On the basis of seed yield, five indices, mean productivity (MP), geometric mean productivity (GMP), tolerance (TOL), stress susceptibility index (SSI) and stress tolerance index (STI) were evaluated. Stress intensity was equal to 0.12 and 0.55 for stress at vegetative and reproductive stages, respectively. The indices STI, MP and GMP were highly correlated with seed yield of normal (Yp) and stress (Ys) conditions. Using a 3-D plot, cultivars were grouped into 4 groups (A-D) acording to the value of Yp, Ys and STI.

Aminian, Roghayeh; Khodambashi, Mahmood; Yadegari, Mehrab

2008-01-01

412

[Two bacteria and common skin infections].  

PubMed

Common bacterial skin infections represent frequent disorders encountered in general practice and in dermatology as well. They encompass a series of infections affecting the epidermis, dermis, hypodermis and subcutaneous tissues. The two main bacteria involved in these processes are Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. The resulting infections show various clinical presentations. Their management must be adapted to their gravity and to the putative or proven nature of the causal microorganism. Searching for any skin ingress possibility and any favouring factor is always of importance in order to stimulate healing and avoid recurrences. Of note, skin possibly allows the ingress way for a secondary septicemic dissemination. Conversely, skin is possibly involved in tissue localisation of septicemia. PMID:23167160

Piérard-Franchimont, C; Lesuisse, M; Piérard, G E

2012-10-01

413

Six common mistakes in conservation priority setting.  

PubMed

A vast number of prioritization schemes have been developed to help conservation navigate tough decisions about the allocation of finite resources. However, the application of quantitative approaches to setting priorities in conservation frequently includes mistakes that can undermine their authors' intention to be more rigorous and scientific in the way priorities are established and resources allocated. Drawing on well-established principles of decision science, we highlight 6 mistakes commonly associated with setting priorities for conservation: not acknowledging conservation plans are prioritizations; trying to solve an ill-defined problem; not prioritizing actions; arbitrariness; hidden value judgments; and not acknowledging risk of failure. We explain these mistakes and offer a path to help conservation planners avoid making the same mistakes in future prioritizations. PMID:23565990

Game, Edward T; Kareiva, Peter; Possingham, Hugh P

2013-06-01

414

Electrophilic properties of common MALDI matrix molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The negative ion photoelectron spectra of the following MALDI matrix molecules have been measured: 3-carboxypyridine (nicotinic acid), 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB), 3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (sinapinic acid), 2,6-dihydroxyacetophenone (DHAP), 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid (ferulic acid), 3-hydroxy-2-pyridinecarboxylic acid (3HPA), and 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid (dipicolinic acid). Adiabatic electron affinities and vertical detachment energies were extracted from these spectra and reported. In addition, electron affinities were calculated for DHAP, ferulic acid, dipicolinic acid and sinapinic acid. Photoelectron spectra were also measured for the dimer anions of DHB and nicotinic acid and for the fragment anion in which alpha-cyano-cinnamic acid had lost a CO2 unit. Together, these results augment the database of presently available electrophilic data on common matrix molecules along with some of their dimers and fragments.

Lippa, T. P.; Eustis, S. N.; Wang, D.; Bowen, K. H.

2007-11-01

415

Hemochromatosis. More common than you think.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To review current knowledge of the genetics, presentation, diagnosis, and management of hereditary hemochromatosis. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: MEDLINE was searched from January 1966 to June 2002, and references of relevant papers were reviewed. Most articles were reviews, practice guidelines, or observational studies. Several randomized controlled trials were identified but none studied primary therapy for hemochromatosis. MAIN MESSAGE: Hemochromatosis, the most common genetic disease in white populations, has a prevalence of one in 200, yet is still underrecognized. This disease of unregulated iron absorption leads to generalized iron overload that can eventually impair organ systems and lead to cirrhosis, diabetes, and cardiomyopathy. Symptoms are often nonspecific and patients are identified by mild abnormalities in routine laboratory testing. Transferrin saturation, ferritin levels, and genotyping can often establish the diagnosis. Iron depletion therapy with phlebotomy is helpful if initiated before organ damage occurs. CONCLUSION: Family physicians should be aware that hemochromatosis can be treated effectively if diagnosed early. PMID:12602841

Borgaonkar, Mark Ram

2003-01-01

416

Superiority of common-base to common-emitter heterojunction bipolar transistors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Common-emitter (CE) configuration of bipolar junction transistors has been used in virtually all amplifications since the invention of transistor, whereas common-base (CB) configuration has been rarely used due to its inferior performance in comparison to CE. For heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) this conviction needs to be changed. We compared the radio-frequency (rf) power handling capability of the HBT between CE and CB configurations and analyzed their amplification mechanisms. It is found that CB HBT significantly outperforms CE HBT under proper bias conditions, revealing the significant superiority of CB to CE configuration of HBTs for rf power amplification.

Qin, Guoxuan; Wang, Guogong; McCaughan, Leon; Ma, Zhenqiang

2010-09-01

417

The origin and relief of common pain.  

PubMed

Where pain of the musculoskeletal system is present, commonly, this pain is without objective evidence of disease, trauma, or disorder. Absence of an apparent cause for common pain prompts the consideration of mechanical stress as a contributing factor. The principal stress of the musculoskeletal system is postural. By posture it is usually meant the distribution of body mass with respect to gravity. Past efforts to predict chronic pain by postural analysis or to reduce such pain by strengthening, conscious control or splinting of posture has had marginal success. Past failure to relate posture to pain is attributable to (1) ubiquity of sub-optimal posture that precludes clinical comparison to those with optimal posture; (2) presupposition that the causal relation between posture and pain is of the observational class of causality rather than the manipulable kind; (3) a definition of posture that is too narrow to complete the picture; and (4) inadequate methods for reduction of postural asymmetry to an extent that is sufficient to elicit a significant and enduring effect on sub-optimal posture and related pain. Posture can be defined more broadly as the stance of the body performing within the boundaries of posture and which is mediated by the Postural Control System towards greatest stability (Fx. 1). The stance of the body is the arrangement of the body with respect to gravity and other accelerative forces. The postural boundaries are the set of forces that resist acceleration and thereby provide the limits within which one functions stably, and this resistance is currently approximated by six principal sources of resistance to acceleration: viscous, elastic, neuromuscular, rigid, viscoelastic, and inertial. The Postural Control System is located in the brainstem and modulates body stance to more economically and stably effect and resist acceleration. The rigid boundaries can be so with respect to compressive, tractive, or tensile qualities that permits three kinds of motion: translation, rotation and oscillation. An example of postural boundaries that are rigid with respect to compression and tensile character are the bones that bear weight. In contrast, ligaments provide a tractive rigidity and musculotendons a relatively elastic boundary. Joint surfaces are considered boundaries that are rigid but not perfectly so. Of fundamental importance are those joints that arc lowermost in a column of the musculoskeletal system namely: (1) the feet and ankles that support the entirety of the musculoskeletal system and; (2) the base of the sacrum that supports the vertebral spine. This broadened definition of posture leads to a greatly enhanced manipulability of posture in the upright stance and alleviation of more than two-thirds of common pain by the coherent combination of (1) manual manipulation to reduce somatic dysfunction; (2) foot orthotics to optimize the amplitude of the arches of the feet and vertically align the ankle; (3) a heel lift to level the sacral base; (4) and a group of therapeutic postures configured to minimize restriction of peripheral soft tissue reflective of the earlier posture, all aimed to optimize posture. Mediated by the postural control system, manipulation of postural boundaries accordingly modifies the structure and function of the entire musculoskeletal system. Typically, this relief is maintained by foot orthotic and heel lift alone without maintenance by manual manipulation, medication, or exercise. PMID:11542803

Irvin, R E

1998-01-01

418

Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Dinoflagellates, Coccidia, Microsporidians, &  

E-print Network

FA-110 Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Dinoflagellates, Coccidia, Microsporidians in the identification of common freshwater fish parasites. The publications included in this series are: · Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Sessile Ciliates · Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial

Watson, Craig A.

419

Media Commons and the Sad Decline of Vancouver Indymedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author argues that the concept commons is a productive way of thinking about and practicing democratic and participatory media. He begins by defining media commons in such a way as to emphasize the relational and regulated nature of commons. Such a definition critiques the idea that commons are resources available to a public without limits as well as the

Scott Uzelman

2011-01-01

420

Effect and utilization of common source inductance in synchronous rectification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synchronous rectification is widely used in low voltage high current applications to reduce conduction loss. Common source inductance is the inductance shared by gate driver loop and main power transfer path. Minimization of common source inductance has been accepted as a common design rule for power converters using power MOSFET. In this paper, the effects of commons source inductance for

Bo Yang; Jason Zhang

2005-01-01

421

Affidavit of Common Law Marriage Student Name (please print) CSUID  

E-print Network

as a common law divorce. A common law spouse may be entitled to distribution of property, support, and that has not been legally terminated by death or divorce. We understand that this agreement can be terminated only through death or legal divorce proceedings. Signature Common Law Wife Date Signature Common

422

Swine Flu and Common Infections to Prepare For  

E-print Network

Swine Flu and Common Infections to Prepare For Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf October 15 for the Deaf #12;Overview Fever Different "bugs" Common infections Seasonal Flu H1N1 ("Swine") Flu Prevention ­ Example is the common cold or flu Fungus ­ Small organism ­ Example is mold or yeast #12;Common Cold

Goldman, Steven A.

423

Using common variants to indicate cancer genes.  

PubMed

The catalogue of tumour-specific somatic mutations (SMs) is growing rapidly owing to the advent of next-generation sequencing. Identifying those mutations responsible for the development and progression of the disease, so-called driver mutations, will increase our understanding of carcinogenesis and provide candidates for targeted therapeutics. The phenotypic consequence(s) of driver mutations cause them to be selected for within the tumour environment, such that many approaches aimed at distinguishing drivers are based on finding significantly somatically mutated genes. Currently, these methods are designed to analyse, or be specifically applied to, nonsynonymous mutations: those that alter an encoded protein. However, growing evidence suggests the involvement of noncoding transcripts in carcinogenesis, mutations in which may also be disease-driving. We wished to test the hypothesis that common DNA variation rates within humans can be used as a baseline from which to score the rate of SMs, irrespective of coding capacity. We preliminarily tested this by applying it to a dataset of 159,498 SMs and using the results to rank genes. This resulted in significant enrichment of known cancer genes, indicating that the approach has merit. As additional data from cancer sequencing studies are made publicly available, this approach can be refined and applied to specific cancer subtypes. We named this preliminary version of our approach PRISMAD (polymorphism rates indicate somatic mutations as drivers) and have made it publicly accessible, with scripts, via a link at www.precancer.leeds.ac.uk/software-and-datasets. PMID:24798945

Stead, Lucy F; Thygesen, Helene; Westhead, David R; Rabbitts, Pamela

2015-01-01

424

Common Attentional Constraints in Visual Foraging  

PubMed Central

Predators are known to select food of the same type in non-random sequences or “runs” that are longer than would be expected by chance. If prey are conspicuous, predators will switch between available sources, interleaving runs of different prey types. However, when prey are cryptic, predators tend to focus on one food type at a time, effectively ignoring equally available sources. This latter finding is regarded as a key indicator that animal foraging is strongly constrained by attention. It is unknown whether human foraging is equally constrained. Here, using a novel iPad task, we demonstrate for the first time that it is. Participants were required to locate and touch 40 targets from 2 different categories embedded within a dense field of distractors. When individual target items “popped-out” search was organized into multiple runs, with frequent switching between target categories. In contrast, as soon as focused attention was required to identify individual targets, participants typically exhausted one entire category before beginning to search for the other. This commonality in animal and human foraging is compelling given the additional cognitive tools available to humans, and suggests that attention constrains search behavior in a similar way across a broad range of species. PMID:24964082

Kristjansson, Arni; Johannesson, Omar I.; Thornton, Ian M.

2014-01-01

425

Core radii and common-envelope evolution  

E-print Network

Many classes of objects and events are thought to form in binary star systems after a phase in which a core and companion spiral to smaller separation inside a common envelope (CE).Such a phase can end with the merging of the two stars or with the ejection of the envelope to leave a surviving binary system.The outcome is usually predicted by calculating the separation to which the stars must spiral to eject the envelope, assuming that the ratio of the core--envelope binding energy to the change in orbital energy is equal to a constant efficiency factor $\\alpha$. If either object would overfill its Roche lobe at this end-of-CE separation, then the stars are assumed to merge. It is unclear what critical radius should be compared to the end-of-CE Roche lobe for stars which have developed cores before the start of a CE phase. After improving the core radius formulae in the widely used BSE rapid evolution code, we compare the properties of populations in which the critical radius is chosen to be the pre-CE core ra...

Hall, Philip D

2014-01-01

426

Core radii and common-envelope evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many classes of objects and events are thought to form in binary star systems after a phase in which a core and companion spiral to smaller separation inside a common envelope (CE). Such a phase can end with the merging of the two stars or with the ejection of the envelope to leave a surviving binary system. The outcome is usually predicted by calculating the separation to which the stars must spiral to eject the envelope, assuming that the ratio of the core-envelope binding energy to the change in orbital energy is equal to a constant efficiency factor ?. If either object would overfill its Roche lobe at this end-of-CE separation, then the stars are assumed to merge. It is unclear what critical radius should be compared to the end-of-CE Roche lobe for stars which have developed cores before the start of a CE phase. After improving the core radius formulae in the widely used BSE rapid evolution code, we compare the properties of populations in which the critical radius is chosen to be the pre-CE core radius or the post-CE stripped remnant radius. Our improvements to the core radius formulae and the uncertainty in the critical radius significantly affect the rates of merging in CE phases of most types. We find the types of systems for which these changes are most important.

Hall, Philip D.; Tout, Christopher A.

2014-11-01

427

Common high-resolution MMW scene generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a modularized millimeter wave (MMW) target and background high resolution scene generator is reported. The scene generator's underlying algorithms are applicable to both digital and real-time hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) simulations. The scene generator will be configurable for a variety of MMW and multi-mode sensors employing state of the art signal processing techniques. At present, digital simulations for MMW and multi-mode sensor development and testing are custom-designed by the seeker vendor and are verified, validated, and operated by both the vendor and government in simulation-based acquisition. A typical competition may involve several vendors, each requiring high resolution target and background models for proper exercise of seeker algorithms. There is a need and desire by both the government and sensor vendors to eliminate costly re-design and re-development of digital simulations. Additional efficiencies are realized by assuring commonality between digital and HWIL simulation MMW scene generators, eliminating duplication of verification and validation efforts.

Saylor, Annie V.; McPherson, Dwight A.; Satterfield, H. DeWayne; Sholes, William J.; Mobley, Scott B.

2001-08-01

428

Toxicity of trihalomethanes to common carp embryos  

SciTech Connect

Trihalomethanes recently have been identified in real and simulated effluents from power plants where chlorine is used for biofouling control. Toxicity of the four chlorine- or bromine-containing trihalomethanes (chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform) to developing common carp (Cyprinus carpio) embryos was determined under conditions of intermittent (8-hour) toxicant renewal, based on percent hatch as the end point. Nominal median lethal concentrations (LC50) ranged from 161 mg/liter for chloroform to 53 mg/liter for dibromochloromethane. Decay studies conducted under conditions similar to those used for the toxicity studies, but in distilled water, indicated that (1) half-lives of the trihalomethanes ranged from 4.4 to 6.9 hours; (2) decay was due primarily to volatilization; (3) higher relative toxicity of dibromochloromethane probably was due to formation of a degradation product (likely Br/sub 2/). Correction of the nominal LC50 values to time-weighted mean concentrations over the period between toxicant changes gave weighted LC50 values of 97.2, 67.4, 33.5, and 52.3 mg/liter for chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform, respectively. In addition, the period of water-hardening of fertilized eggs was not critical for expression of toxicity of dibromochloromethane. Comparison of these and other published data on effluent and toxic concentrations, persistence, and bioaccumulation of water-chlorination products suggests that trihalomethanes are not as environmentally critical as other chlorinated organic compounds or residual chlorine.

Mattice, J.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN); Tsai, S.C.; Burch, M.B.; Beauchamp, J.J.

1981-03-01

429

Motor assessment of developing common marmosets.  

PubMed

Motor development has been extensively studied in human infants and children, with several established scales for the evaluation of motor functions. However, the study of the neuronal mechanisms underlying human motor development is hampered by the lack of good animal models. The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), a small New World monkey, has recently attracted much attention as a potential nonhuman primate model for understanding human physiology and diseases. However, little is known about its gross motor development. In the present study, we found that marmosets have a critical period for motor development in postnatal weeks 2 to 5, and acquire most of their motor skills by 8 weeks of age. We also developed methods to assess their motor functions, which will be useful for the evaluation of motor performance in marmoset models of human diseases. In addition, we found that marmosets exhibit a "head-to-tail" sequence of motor development similar to that found in humans, further supporting the notion that they provide a good animal model for studying the neuronal mechanisms underlying human motor development. PMID:24395453

Wang, Yiwen; Fang, Qin; Gong, Neng

2014-06-01

430

Psychosocial effect of common skin diseases.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To increase awareness of the psychosocial effect of acne, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A literature review was based on a MEDLINE search (1966 to 2000). Selected articles from the dermatologic and psychiatric literature, as well as other relevant medical journals, were reviewed and used as the basis for discussion of how skin disease affects patients' lives and of appropriate management. Studies in the medical literature provide mainly level III evidence predominantly based on descriptive studies and expert opinion. MAIN MESSAGE: Dermatologic problems can result in psychosocial effects that seriously affect patients' lives. More than a cosmetic nuisance, skin disease can produce anxiety, depression, and other psychological problems that affect patients' lives in ways comparable to arthritis or other disabling illnesses. An appreciation for the effects of sex, age, and location of lesions is important, as well as the bidirectional relationship between skin disease and psychological distress. This review focuses on the effects of three common skin diseases seen by family physicians: acne, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis. CONCLUSION: How skin disease affects psychosocial well-being is underappreciated. Increased understanding of the psychiatric comorbidity associated with skin disease and a biopsychosocial approach to management will ultimately improve patients' lives. PMID:12046366

Barankin, Benjamin; DeKoven, Joel

2002-01-01

431

Common ethical issues in regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

One of the common ethical issues in regenerative medicine is progress in 'componentation' (= being treated as parts) of the human body, and the enhancement of the view of such "human body parts." 'Componentation' of the human body represents a preliminary step toward commodification of the human body. The process of commodification of the human body follows the steps of 'materialization' (= being treated as a material object) [first step] -- 'componentation' [second step] -- 'resourcialization' (= being treated as resources) [third step] -- commodification [fourth step]. Transplantation medicine and artificial organ developments have dramatically exposed the potential of organs and tissues as parts, and regenerative medicine has a role in advancing 'componentation' of the human body and further enhancing the view of human body parts. The 'componentation' of the human body, regardless of the degree of regenerative medicine's contribution to it, is considered as a challenge to the traditional view of human bodies and the abstract value of "Human Dignity" in the same way or alongside the 'resourcialization' and commodification. However, in the future, a new perspective of human bodies that means "a perspective whereby human bodies, organs, tissues, and even the bodies themselves are perceived as disposable tools like disposable cameras, syringes, or contact lens" and therefore a new ethical view, suitable for a new reality, may emerge. PMID:16637131

Awaya, Tsuyoshi

2005-01-01

432

Mutagenicity testing of some commonly used dyes.  

PubMed Central

Seventeen commonly used dyes and 16 of their metabolites or derivatives were tested in the Salmonella-mammalian microsome mutagenicity test. Mutagens active with and without added Aroclor-induced rat liver microsome preparations (S9) were 3-aminopyrene, lithol red, methylene blue (USP), methyl yellow, neutral red, and phenol red. Those mutagenic only with S9 activation were 4-aminopyrazolone, 2,4-dimethylaniline, N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine, methyl red, and 4-phenyl-azo-1-naphthylamine. Orange II was mutagenic only without added S9. Nonmutagenic azo dyes were allura red, amaranth, ponceau R, ponceau SX, sunset yellow, and tartrazine. Miscellaneous dyes not mutagenic were methyl green, methyl violet 2B, and nigrosin. Metabolites of the azo dyes that were not mutagenic were 1-amino-2-naphthol hydrochloride, aniline, anthranilic acid, cresidine salt, pyrazolone T,R-amino salt (1-amino-2-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic disodium salt), R-salt, Schaeffer's salt (2-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt), sodium naphthionate, sulfanilamide, and sulfanilic acid. 4-Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid sodium salt was also not mutagenic. Fusobacterium sp. 2 could reductively cleave methyl yellow to N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine which was then activated to a mutagen. PMID:7039509

Chung, K T; Fulk, G E; Andrews, A W

1981-01-01

433

Mutagenicity testing of some commonly used dyes.  

PubMed

Seventeen commonly used dyes and 16 of their metabolites or derivatives were tested in the Salmonella-mammalian microsome mutagenicity test. Mutagens active with and without added Aroclor-induced rat liver microsome preparations (S9) were 3-aminopyrene, lithol red, methylene blue (USP), methyl yellow, neutral red, and phenol red. Those mutagenic only with S9 activation were 4-aminopyrazolone, 2,4-dimethylaniline, N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine, methyl red, and 4-phenyl-azo-1-naphthylamine. Orange II was mutagenic only without added S9. Nonmutagenic azo dyes were allura red, amaranth, ponceau R, ponceau SX, sunset yellow, and tartrazine. Miscellaneous dyes not mutagenic were methyl green, methyl violet 2B, and nigrosin. Metabolites of the azo dyes that were not mutagenic were 1-amino-2-naphthol hydrochloride, aniline, anthranilic acid, cresidine salt, pyrazolone T,R-amino salt (1-amino-2-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic disodium salt), R-salt, Schaeffer's salt (2-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt), sodium naphthionate, sulfanilamide, and sulfanilic acid. 4-Amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid sodium salt was also not mutagenic. Fusobacterium sp. 2 could reductively cleave methyl yellow to N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine which was then activated to a mutagen. PMID:7039509

Chung, K T; Fulk, G E; Andrews, A W

1981-10-01

434

Asymmetric Accretion Flows within a Common Envelope  

E-print Network

This paper examines flows in the immediate vicinity of stars and compact objects dynamically inspiralling within a common envelope (CE). These embedded objects spiral to tighter separations because of drag that is generated when gas collides and shocks as it is gravitationally focused. This flow convergence is expected to lead to gas accretion onto the inspiralling object. This process has been studied numerically and analytically in the context of Hoyle-Lyttleton accretion (HLA). Yet, within a CE, accretion structures may span a large fraction of the envelope radius, and in so doing sweep across a substantial radial gradient of density. We quantify these gradients using detailed stellar evolution models for a range of CE encounters. We provide estimates of typical scales in CE encounters that involve main sequence stars, white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes with giant-branch companions of a wide range of masses. We apply these typical scales to hydrodynamic simulations of 3D HLA with an upstream dens...

MacLeod, Morgan

2014-01-01

435

Error monitoring issues for common channel signaling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motivated by field data which showed a large number of link changeovers and incidences of link oscillations between in-service and out-of-service states in common channel signaling (CCS) networks, a number of analyses of the link error monitoring procedures in the SS7 protocol were performed by the authors. This paper summarizes the results obtained thus far and include the following: (1) results of an exact analysis of the performance of the error monitoring procedures under both random and bursty errors; (2) a demonstration that there exists a range of error rates within which the error monitoring procedures of SS7 may induce frequent changeovers and changebacks; (3) an analysis of the performance ofthe SS7 level-2 transmission protocol to determine the tolerable error rates within which the delay requirements can be met; (4) a demonstration that the tolerable error rate depends strongly on various link and traffic characteristics, thereby implying that a single set of error monitor parameters will not work well in all situations; (5) some recommendations on a customizable/adaptable scheme of error monitoring with a discussion on their implementability. These issues may be particularly relevant in the presence of anticipated increases in SS7 traffic due to widespread deployment of Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) and Personal Communications Service (PCS) as well as for developing procedures for high-speed SS7 links currently under consideration by standards bodies.

Hou, Victor T.; Kant, Krishna; Ramaswami, V.; Wang, Jonathan L.

1994-04-01

436

Concordance between common dry eye diagnostic tests  

PubMed Central

Purpose Large variations in results of diagnostic tests for mild to moderate dry eye are widely recognised. The purpose of this study was to assess if there was concordance between common dry eye diagnostic tests. Methods A total of 91 subjects were recruited to the study. The tear film and ocular surface were evaluated using the phenol red thread test, tear break up time (TBUT), biomicroscopic examination and impression cytological (IC) assessment of conjunctival goblet cells. Dry eye symptoms were assessed using McMonnies questionnaire and statistical correlations between all tests were assessed. Results This study cohort did not include severe aqueous deficient dry eye patients as determined by the phenol red thread test (PRT). A statistically significant difference was noted between PRT results and all other tests (***P ? 0.001). Only meibomian gland pathology, McMonnies questionnaire, reduced goblet cell density and TBUT (?7 seconds) demonstrated correlation determined by McNemar’s test. Conclusion A correlation was only found between tests assessing lipid/mucous deficiency (meibomian gland evaluation, goblet cells density, TBUT, and McMonnies questionnaire). PMID:18782801

Moore, Jonathan E.; Graham, Joanna E.; Goodall, Edward A; Dartt, Darlene A.; Leccisotti, Antonio; McGilligan, Victoria E.; Moore, Tara CB.

2014-01-01

437

OWL Pizzas: Practical Experience of Teaching OWL-DL: Common Errors & Common Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the logical meaning of any description logic or sim- ilar formalism is difficult for most people, and OWL-DL is no exception. This paper presents the most common difficulties encountered by newcomers to the language, that have been observed during the course of more than a dozen work- shops, tutorials and modules about OWL-DL and it's predecessor languages. It emphasises

Alan L. Rector; Nick Drummond; Matthew Horridge; Jeremy Rogers; Holger Knublauch; Robert Stevens; Hai Wang; Chris Wroe

2004-01-01

438

Childhood Obesity & Dental Disease: Common Causes, Common Solutions. Oral Health & Obesity Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many California children suffer from high rates of preventable chronic conditions associated with childhood obesity and dental disease. The state is experiencing a crisis in both areas. Fortunately, common factors that contribute to both conditions--including the rates of breastfeeding, access to healthy food and the consumption of…

Children Now, 2011

2011-01-01

439

Might "Unique" Factors Be "Common"? On the Possibility of Indeterminate Common-Unique Covariances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper shows that the usual factor analytic structured data dispersion matrix lambda psi lambda' + delta can readily arise from a set of scores y = lambda eta + epsilon, shere the "common" (eta) and "unique" (epsilon) factors have nonzero covariance: gamma = Cov epsilon,eta) is not equal to 0. Implications of this finding are discussed…

Grayson, Dave

2006-01-01

440

Regulation 20: Common Professional Examination in Law REGULATION 20: COMMON PROFESSIONAL EXAMINATION IN LAW  

E-print Network

. In accordance with Article 10 of the Charter and in accordance with the Statutes, the University shall: (a. Registration 6. In addition to satisfying the conditions determined by the University pursuant to its Charter comprise (a) the Common Professional Examination Course Director, (b) the Head of the Sussex Law School, (c

Sussex, University of

441

Staffing the Commons: job analysis in the context of an Information Commons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to apply principles from the field of industrial and organizational psychology on organizational analysis and job analysis to better identify successful candidates for employment in an Information Commons. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Review of professional research, research from both library literature and industrial and organizational psychology, review of professional association surveys. Findings – Library

Robert Boyd

2008-01-01

442

What Is Common about Common Schooling? Rational Autonomy and Moral Agency in Liberal Democratic Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay I critique two influential accounts of rational autonomy in common schooling that conceive liberalism as an ideal form of life, and I offer an alternative approach to democratic education that views liberal theory as concerned with coexistence among rival ways of living. This view places moral agency, not rational autonomy, at the…

Alexander, Hanan

2007-01-01

443

EPR Correlations, Bell Inequalities and Common Cause Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Standard common causal explanations of the EPR situation assume a so-called joint common cause system that is a common cause for all correlations. However, the assumption of a joint common cause system together with some other physically motivated assumptions concerning locality and no-conspiracy results in various Bell inequalities. Since Bell inequalities are violated for appropriate measurement settings, a local, non-conspiratorial joint common causal explanation of the EPR situation is ruled out. But why do we assume that a common causal explanation of a set of correlation consists in finding a joint common cause system for all correlations and not just in finding separate common cause systems for the different correlations? What are the perspectives of a local, non-conspiratorial separate common causal explanation for the EPR scenario? And finally, how do Bell inequalities relate to the weaker assumption of separate common cause systems?

Hofer-Szabó, Gábor

2014-03-01

444

SOLUTION OF VERBAL PROBLEMS USING CONCEPT OF LEAST COMMON MULTIPLIER (LCM) AND GREATEST COMMON DIVISOR (GCD) IN PRIMARY  

E-print Network

290 SOLUTION OF VERBAL PROBLEMS USING CONCEPT OF LEAST COMMON MULTIPLIER (LCM) AND GREATEST COMMON DIVISOR (GCD) IN PRIMARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS AND MISCONCEPTIONS Nevin ORHUN Anadolu University, Department verbal problems concerned with least common multiplier (lcm) and greatest common divisor (gcd

Spagnolo, Filippo

445

CommonApp2013-14: Transfer Registrar Report Directions Common App 2013-14: Transfer Registrar Report Directions  

E-print Network

CommonApp2013-14: Transfer Registrar Report Directions 1 of 3 Common App 2013-14: Transfer. Directions: 1. Log into your Common App account. Select My Colleges tab. Click Invite Registrar 2: Mr. First Name: Scott Last Name: Owczarek Email Address: certs@em.wisc.edu #12;CommonApp2013

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

446

Six Common Mistakes in Conservation Priority Setting  

PubMed Central

Abstract A vast number of prioritization schemes have been developed to help conservation navigate tough decisions about the allocation of finite resources. However, the application of quantitative approaches to setting priorities in conservation frequently includes mistakes that can undermine their authors’ intention to be more rigorous and scientific in the way priorities are established and resources allocated. Drawing on well-established principles of decision science, we highlight 6 mistakes commonly associated with setting priorities for conservation: not acknowledging conservation plans are prioritizations; trying to solve an ill-defined problem; not prioritizing actions; arbitrariness; hidden value judgments; and not acknowledging risk of failure. We explain these mistakes and offer a path to help conservation planners avoid making the same mistakes in future prioritizations. Seis Errores Comunes en la Definición de Prioridades de Conservación Resumen Se ha desarrollado un vasto número de esquemas de priorización para ayudar a que la conservación navegue entre decisiones difíciles en cuanto a la asignación de recursos finitos. Sin embargo, la aplicación de métodos cuantitativos para la definición de prioridades en la conservación frecuentemente incluye errores que pueden socavar la intención de sus autores de ser más rigurosos y científicos en la manera en que se establecen las prioridades y se asignan los recursos. Con base en los bien establecidos principios de la ciencia de la decisión, resaltamos seis errores comúnmente asociados con la definición de prioridades para la conservación: no reconocer que los planes de conservación son priorizaciones; tratar de resolver un problema mal definido; no priorizar acciones; arbitrariedad; juicios de valor ocultos y no reconocer el riesgo de fracasar. Explicamos estos errores y ofrecemos un camino para que planificadores de la conservación no cometan los mismos errores en priorizaciones futuras. PMID:23565990

Game, Edward T; Kareiva, Peter; Possingham, Hugh P

2013-01-01

447

Solving nursing shortages: a common priority  

PubMed Central

Aims and objectives This paper provides a context for this special edition. It highlights the scale of the challenge of nursing shortages, but also makes the point that there is a policy agenda that provides workable solutions. Results An overview of nurse:population ratios in different countries and regions of the world, highlighting considerable variations, with Africa and South East Asia having the lowest average ratios. The paper argues that the ‘shortage’ of nurses is not necessarily a shortage of individuals with nursing qualifications, it is a shortage of nurses willing to work in the present conditions. The causes of shortages are multi-faceted, and there is no single global measure of their extent and nature, there is growing evidence of the impact of relatively low staffing levels on health care delivery and outcomes. The main causes of nursing shortages are highlighted: inadequate workforce planning and allocation mechanisms, resource constrained undersupply of new staff, poor recruitment, retention and ‘return’ policies, and ineffective use of available nursing resources through inappropriate skill mix and utilisation, poor incentive structures and inadequate career support. Conclusions What now faces policy makers in Japan, Europe and other developed countries is a policy agenda with a core of common themes. First, themes related to addressing supply side issues: getting, keeping and keeping in touch with relatively scarce nurses. Second, themes related to dealing with demand side challenges. The paper concludes that the main challenge for policy makers is to develop a co-ordinated package of policies that provide a long term and sustainable solution. Relevance to clinical practice This paper highlights the impact that nursing shortages has on clinical practice and in health service delivery. It outlines scope for addressing shortage problems and therefore for providing a more positive staffing environment in which clinical practice can be delivered. PMID:19146584

Buchan, James; Aiken, Linda

2009-01-01

448

Aerodynamics of gliding flight in common swifts.  

PubMed

Gliding flight performance and wake topology of a common swift (Apus apus L.) were examined in a wind tunnel at speeds between 7 and 11 m s(-1). The tunnel was tilted to simulate descending flight at different sink speeds. The swift varied its wingspan, wing area and tail span over the speed range. Wingspan decreased linearly with speed, whereas tail span decreased in a nonlinear manner. For each airspeed, the minimum glide angle was found. The corresponding sink speeds showed a curvilinear relationship with airspeed, with a minimum sink speed at 8.1 m s(-1) and a speed of best glide at 9.4 m s(-1). Lift-to-drag ratio was calculated for each airspeed and tilt angle combinations and the maximum for each speed showed a curvilinear relationship with airspeed, with a maximum of 12.5 at an airspeed of 9.5 m s(-1). Wake was sampled in the transverse plane using stereo digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV). The main structures of the wake were a pair of trailing wingtip vortices and a pair of trailing tail vortices. Circulation of these was measured and a model was constructed that showed good weight support. Parasite drag was estimated from the wake defect measured in the wake behind the body. Parasite drag coefficient ranged from 0.30 to 0.22 over the range of airspeeds. Induced drag was calculated and used to estimate profile drag coefficient, which was found to be in the same range as that previously measured on a Harris' hawk. PMID:21228197

Henningsson, P; Hedenström, A

2011-02-01

449

Common myna roosts are not recruitment centres.  

PubMed

We studied communal roosting in the Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) in the light of the recruitment centre hypothesis and predation at the roost. The number and sizes of flocks departing from and arriving at focal roosts were recorded over a two year period. We also recorded the sizes and behaviour of foraging flocks. We found that flock sizes of birds departing from roosts at sunrise were larger than those at the feeding site, suggesting that there was no recruitment from the roosts. Flocks entering the roosts during sunset were larger on average than those leaving the following sunrise, suggesting no consolidation of flocks in the morning. Flocks entering the roosts at sunset were also larger on average than those that had left that sunrise, although there was no recruitment at the feeding site. There was no effect of group size on the proportion of time spent feeding. Contrary to expectation, single birds showed lower apparent vigilance than birds that foraged in pairs or groups, possibly due to scrounging tactics being used in the presence of feeding companions. Thus, the recruitment centre hypothesis did not hold in our study population of mynas. Predation at dawn and dusk were also not important to communal roosting: predators near the roosts did not result in larger flocks, and resulted in larger durations of arrival/departure contrary to expectation. Since flock sizes were smallest at the feeding site and larger in the evening than in the morning, but did not coincide with predator activity, information transfer unrelated to food (such as breeding opportunities) may possibly give rise to the evening aggregations. PMID:25122467

Sarangi, Manaswini; Ganguly, Payel; Zenia; Arvind, Chiti; Lakshman, Abhilash; Vidya, T N C

2014-01-01

450

Common Avian Infection Plagued the Tyrant Dinosaurs  

PubMed Central

Background Tyrannosaurus rex and other tyrannosaurid fossils often display multiple, smooth-edged full-thickness erosive lesions on the mandible, either unilaterally or bilaterally. The cause of these lesions in the Tyrannosaurus rex specimen FMNH PR2081 (known informally by the name ‘Sue’) has previously been attributed to actinomycosis, a bacterial bone infection, or bite wounds from other tyrannosaurids. Methodology/Principal Findings We conducted an extensive survey of tyrannosaurid specimens and identified ten individuals with full-thickness erosive lesions. These lesions were described, measured and photographed for comparison with one another. We also conducted an extensive survey of related archosaurs for similar lesions. We show here that these lesions are consistent with those caused by an avian parasitic infection called trichomonosis, which causes similar abnormalities on the mandible of modern birds, in particular raptors. Conclusions/Significance This finding represents the first evidence for the ancient evolutionary origin of an avian transmissible disease in non-avian theropod dinosaurs. It also provides a valuable insight into the palaeobiology of these now extinct animals. Based on the frequency with which these lesions occur, we hypothesize that tyrannosaurids were commonly infected by a Trichomonas gallinae-like protozoan. For tyrannosaurid populations, the only non-avian dinosaur group that show trichomonosis-type lesions, it is likely that the disease became endemic and spread as a result of antagonistic intraspecific behavior, consumption of prey infected by a Trichomonas gallinae-like protozoan and possibly even cannibalism. The severity of trichomonosis-related lesions in specimens such as Tyrannosaurus rex FMNH PR2081 and Tyrannosaurus rex MOR 980, strongly suggests that these animals died as a direct result of this disease, mostly likely through starvation. PMID:19789646

Wolff, Ewan D. S.; Salisbury, Steven W.; Horner, John R.; Varricchio, David J.

2009-01-01

451

Common Myna Roosts Are Not Recruitment Centres  

PubMed Central

We studied communal roosting in the Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) in the light of the recruitment centre hypothesis and predation at the roost. The number and sizes of flocks departing from and arriving at focal roosts were recorded over a two year period. We also recorded the sizes and behaviour of foraging flocks. We found that flock sizes of birds departing from roosts at sunrise were larger than those at the feeding site, suggesting that there was no recruitment from the roosts. Flocks entering the roosts during sunset were larger on average than those leaving the following sunrise, suggesting no consolidation of flocks in the morning. Flocks entering the roosts at sunset were also larger on average than those that had left that sunrise, although there was no recruitment at the feeding site. There was no effect of group size on the proportion of time spent feeding. Contrary to expectation, single birds showed lower apparent vigilance than birds that foraged in pairs or groups, possibly due to scrounging tactics being used in the presence of feeding companions. Thus, the recruitment centre hypothesis did not hold in our study population of mynas. Predation at dawn and dusk were also not important to communal roosting: predators near the roosts did not result in larger flocks, and resulted in larger durations of arrival/departure contrary to expectation. Since flock sizes were smallest at the feeding site and larger in the evening than in the morning, but did not coincide with predator activity, information transfer unrelated to food (such as breeding opportunities) may possibly give rise to the evening aggregations. PMID:25122467

Sarangi, Manaswini; Arvind, Chiti; Lakshman, Abhilash; Vidya, T. N. C.

2014-01-01

452

Simulations provide support for the common disease-common variant hypothesis.  

PubMed

The success of mapping genes involved in complex diseases, using association or linkage disequilibrium methods, depends heavily on the number and frequency of susceptibility alleles of these genes. These methods will be economically and statistically feasible if common diseases are usually influenced by one or a few susceptibility alleles at each locus (common disease-common variant, CDCV, hypothesis), but not so if there is a high degree of allelic heterogeneity. Here, we use forward-time population simulations to investigate the impact of various genetic and demographic factors on the allelic spectra of human diseases, on the basis of two models proposed by Reich and Lander and by Pritchard. Factors considered are more complex demographies, a finite-allele mutation model, population structure and migration, and interaction between disease susceptibility loci. The conclusion is that the CDCV hypothesis holds and that the phenomenon is caused by transient effects of demography (population expansion). As a result, we devise a multilocus generalization of the Reich and Lander model and demonstrate how interaction between loci with respect to their response to selection may lead to complex effects. We discuss the implications for mapping of complex diseases. PMID:17151262

Peng, Bo; Kimmel, Marek

2007-02-01

453

JPSS Common Ground System Multimission Support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NOAA & NASA jointly acquire the next-generation civilian operational weather satellite: Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS). JPSS contributes the afternoon orbit & restructured NPOESS ground system (GS) to replace the current Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) system run by NOAA. JPSS sensors will collect meteorological, oceanographic, climatological & solar-geophysical observations of the earth, atmosphere & space. The JPSS GS is the Common Ground System (CGS), consisting of Command, Control, & Communications (C3S) and Interface Data Processing (IDPS) segments, both developed by Raytheon Intelligence, Information & Services (IIS). CGS now flies the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) satellite, transfers its mission data between ground facilities and processes its data into Environmental Data Records for NOAA & Defense (DoD) weather centers. CGS will expand to support JPSS-1 in 2017. The JPSS CGS currently does data processing (DP) for S-NPP, creating multiple TBs/day across over two dozen environmental data products (EDPs). The workload doubles after JPSS-1 launch. But CGS goes well beyond S-NPP & JPSS mission management & DP by providing data routing support to operational centers & missions worldwide. The CGS supports several other missions: It also provides raw data acquisition, routing & some DP for GCOM-W1. The CGS does data routing for numerous other missions & systems, including USN's Coriolis/Windsat, NASA's SCaN network (including EOS), NSF's McMurdo Station communications, Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP), and NOAA's POES & EUMETSAT's MetOp satellites. Each of these satellite systems orbits the Earth 14 times/day, downlinking data once or twice/orbit at up to 100s of MBs/second, to support the creation of 10s of TBs of data/day across 100s of EDPs. Raytheon and the US government invested much in Raytheon's mission-management, command & control and data-processing products & capabilities. CGS's flexible, multimission capabilities offer major chances for cost reduction & improved information integration across missions. Raytheon has a unique ability to provide complex, highly-secure, multi-mission GSs. As disaggregation, hosted CGS multimission payloads, and other space-architecture trades are implemented and new sensors come on line that collect orders of magnitude more data, the importance of a flexible, expandable and virtualized modern GS architecture increases. The CGS offers that solution support. JPSS CGS supports 5 global ground stations that can receive S-NPP & JPSS-1 mission data. These, linked with high-bandwidth commercial fiber, quickly transport data to the IDPS for EDP creation & delivery. CGS will process & deliver JPSS-1 data to US operational users in < 80 minutes from time of collection. And CGS leverages this fiber network to provide added data routing for a wide array of global missions. The JPSS CGS is a mature, tested solution for support to operational weather forecasting for civil, military and international partners and climate research. It features a flexible design handling order-of-magnitude increases in data over legacy satellite GSs and meets demanding science accuracy needs. The Raytheon-built JPSS CGS gives the full GS capability, from design & development through operations & sustainment. This lays the foundation for CGS future evolution to support additional missions like Polar Free Flyers.

Jamilkowski, M. L.; Miller, S. W.; Grant, K. D.

2013-12-01

454

How Common is Male Infertility, and What Are Its Causes?  

MedlinePLUS

... Research Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications How common is male infertility, and what are its causes? ... female reproductive tract during sexual intercourse. The most common issues that lead to infertility in men are ...

455

Study Compares 2 Common Weight-Loss Surgeries  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Study Compares 2 Common Weight-Loss Surgeries Gastric banding, bypass each have ... News) -- A comparison of two of the most common types of weight loss surgery found that laparoscopic ...

456

Cancer Strikes Out!/Definitions/ Glossary/ Common Types  

MedlinePLUS

... Story: Leukemia/Lymphoma Cancer Strikes Out!/ Definitions/ Glossary/ Common Types Past Issues / Summer 2008 Table of Contents ... than 21,500 leukemia patients died. The 4 Common Types of Leukemia: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (or chronic ...

457

Common Respiratory Diseases Tied to Lung Cancer Risk  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Common Respiratory Diseases Tied to Lung Cancer Risk Chronic ... Diseases FRIDAY, Aug. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Three common respiratory diseases seem to be associated with an ...

458

Five common toxins ingested by dogs and cats.  

PubMed

When a dog or cat ingests a common household toxin, rapid decontamination is critical. This article provides treatment recommendations for some of the most common toxicoses in dogs and cats, along with a summary table for quick reference. PMID:19140100

Luiz, Julie A; Heseltine, Johanna

2008-11-01

459

Relationships among invasive common carp, native fishes and physicochemical characteristics  

E-print Network

). Common carp Cyprinus carpio are distributed worldwide and considered one of the most wide- spread of Freshwater Fish 2011. � 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S Abstract ­ Common carp Cyprinus carpio is a widespread

460

FINAL STUDY REPORT INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPACTS OF COMMON ENDOCRINE  

E-print Network

FINAL STUDY REPORT INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPACTS OF COMMON ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPACTS OF COMMON ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS ON MULTIPLE EARLY LIFE STAGES the terms of the federal Clean Water Act's National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES

461

Application and management of commonality within NASA systems  

E-print Network

Commonality can be defined as the sharing of assets such as components, designs, processes, technologies, interfaces, and/or infrastructure across systems. Through commonality, NASA has the opportunity to develop, produce, ...

Rhodes, Richard Alexander

2010-01-01

462

Undiagnosed Sleep Problems May Be Common Among Firefighters  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Undiagnosed Sleep Problems May Be Common Among Firefighters These disorders linked to risk for ... shift work disorder and restless leg syndrome are common among firefighters, new research shows. These conditions are ...

463

New Drug for Common Liver Disease Improves Liver Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Friday, November 7, 2014 New drug for common liver disease improves liver health An experimental drug aimed at treating a common liver disease showed promising results and potential problems in ...

464

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons  

E-print Network

in the atmosphere causes global warming and other forms of climate disruption, while that portion that entersCumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert* Abstract. Introduction............................................... 528 II. The Global Carbon Commons

Pierrehumbert, Raymond

465

Management and Conservation Territory Occupancy by Common Loons in  

E-print Network

of environmental and demographic factors. A peninsular population of common loons (Gavia immer) nests on lakes of occupancy of surrounding lakes. Ã? 2011 The Wildlife Society. KEY WORDS common loon, Gavia immer, habitat

Mitchell, Mike

466

20 CFR 222.13 - Common-law marriage relationship.  

...RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Wife, Husband, or Widow(er) § 222.13 Common-law marriage relationship. Under the laws of some States, a common-law marriage is one which...

2014-04-01

467

20 CFR 222.13 - Common-law marriage relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Wife, Husband, or Widow(er) § 222.13 Common-law marriage relationship. Under the laws of some States, a common-law marriage is one which...

2011-04-01

468

20 CFR 222.13 - Common-law marriage relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Wife, Husband, or Widow(er) § 222.13 Common-law marriage relationship. Under the laws of some States, a common-law marriage is one which...

2010-04-01

469

20 CFR 222.13 - Common-law marriage relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Wife, Husband, or Widow(er) § 222.13 Common-law marriage relationship. Under the laws of some States, a common-law marriage is one which...

2012-04-01

470

20 CFR 222.13 - Common-law marriage relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Wife, Husband, or Widow(er) § 222.13 Common-law marriage relationship. Under the laws of some States, a common-law marriage is one which...

2013-04-01

471

Common Chemicals May Lower Testosterone Levels, Study Finds  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Common Chemicals May Lower Testosterone Levels, Study Finds Phthalates, found ... Aug. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to certain chemicals commonly found in plastics and other products is ...

472

47 CFR 11.42 - Participation by communications common carriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...common carriers. 11.42 Section 11.42 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM (EAS) Organization § 11.42 Participation by communications common carriers. (a) During...

2010-10-01

473

47 CFR 11.42 - Participation by communications common carriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...common carriers. 11.42 Section 11.42 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM (EAS) Organization § 11.42 Participation by communications common carriers. (a) During...

2011-10-01

474

Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

1994-01-01

475

Hematozoa of hatch-year common mergansers from Michigan.  

PubMed

Fifty-five hatch-year common mergansers (Mergus merganser) were sampled for hematozoa from Douglas Lake (Michigan, USA) on 17 July 1995. Forty-one (75%) were infected with hematozoa. Haemoproteus greineri and Leucocytozoon simondi were common, infecting 28 (51%) and 26 (47%) common mergansers, respectively. Plasmodium circumflexum infected two (4%) birds. The common merganser is a new host record for H. greineri and P. circumflexum. Intensity data indicate possible negative interspecific interaction between H. greineri and L. simondi. PMID:11310899

DeJong, R J; Reimink, R L; Blankespoor, H D

2001-04-01

476

Common Subexpressions Are Uncommon in Lazy Functional Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Common subexpression elimination is a well-known compiler optimisation that saves time by avoiding the repetition of the same com-putation. In lazy functional languages, referential transparency renders the identification of common subexpressions very simple. More common subexpressions can be recognised because they can be of arbitrary type whereas standard common subexpression elimination only shares primit-ive values. However, because lazy functional

Olaf Chitil

1997-01-01

477

Multilevel inverter modulation schemes to eliminate common-mode voltages  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that conventional two-level pulsewidth modulated (PWM) inverters generate high-frequency common-mode voltages with high dv\\/dt. Similarly, commonly used multilevel inverter modulation schemes generate common-mode voltages. Common-mode voltages may cause motor shaft voltages and bearing currents and conducted electromagnetic interference (EMI). Premature motor bearing failures and electronic equipment malfunctions have been reported to be directly related to bearing

Haoran Zhang; Annette von Jouanne; Shaoan Dai; Alan K. Wallace; Fei Wang

2000-01-01

478

A Common Law Mortgage on a Common Law Lease on a Space Resource is Legally Available  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space Objects are subject to the law of the launching states under the Outer Space Treaty, but space resources, those natural resources already located in space, are not subject to any law other than the treaty laws applicable thereto. In this case of "creditor's rights," there is a void in the treaty regime, except for the proposition that all space resources are public property, (thus inferring that private ownership is not legally possible). However, the law of public property clearly allows possessory estates on common grounds that are not official monuments. The common law development for 750 years has maintained possessory estates as readily available: these are the trust, the lease, the easement, and the mortgage. These estates exists as legal superstructures independent from the underlying physical property. Thus, we could have a 99- year lease of the Apollo 17 landing site on iron ore on the Moon that is mortgaged for a trillion dollars or so, subsequently defaulted, and foreclosed in any Court of General Jurisdiction in favor of the creditor as the new owner. The creditor ends up with the remaining term on the lease, but not with any ownership of the site, the iron ore, and not with ownership of any part of the Moon: It is still public property. This is not only legally available today, it is the exact history of common law estates, (none of which impair legal title by definition and precedent). This model will be discussed as a likely way for astro law to evolve. Association; President of United Societies in Space, Inc., and of its Regency of United Societies in Space, Inc. (ROUSIS); Board of Directors, Mars Society; Board of Directors, Lunar Economic Development Authority, Inc.; Board of Directors, Space Orbital Development Authority; Publisher, Space Governance Journal; and member, AIAA Subcommittee on Space Colonization.

O'Donnell, D. J.

2002-01-01

479

Powerful Alignment: Building Consensus around the Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines a sampling of arguments for and against the Common Core State Standards from the period surrounding their adoption. While supporters of the standards have articulated common goals such as economic security, equity, and alignment, opposing voices have failed to coalesce around a unified set of principles or a common language. An…

Doyle, Keridan

2012-01-01

480

STUDENT LEARNING COMMONS Annual Report 2007/08  

E-print Network

are motivated to seek SLC consultations or attend workshops independently, all students benefit from learningSTUDENT LEARNING COMMONS Annual Report 2007/08 Elaine Fairey, Director, Student Learning Commons ______________________________________________________________________________________ Introduction The Student Learning Commons (SLC) is an academic learning centre with the mandate to assist

481

Relationship between common duct stones and Helicobacter pylori infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIM: To investigate the rate of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection in patients with common duct stones and analyze the relationship between common duct stones and H pylori infection. METHODS: One hundred and five patients with common duct stones (experiment group) and 132 control subjects (control group) were in- cluded in the study. All the patients underwent electronic gastroscopy, rapid

Min Song; Jie Wu; Ping Wang; Xiao-Dong Huang; Heng Zhang; Dan Zheng; Yan Su Min Song; Song M; Wu J; Wang P; Huang XD; Zheng D

482

26 CFR 1.58-5 - Common trust funds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Common trust funds. 1.58-5 Section...Preference Regulations § 1.58-5 Common trust funds. Section 58(e) provides that each participant in a common trust fund (as defined...

2010-04-01

483

The Dangers and Opportunities of the Common Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

So much has changed in the last 30 years. Diversity is on the verge of extinction--diversity of curriculum, instructional practices, and assessment. The nation is moving into an era that will link Common Core standards with a Common Core curriculum taught by teachers who will assess student learning through a slate of Common Core exams and be…

Brooks, Jacqueline Grennon; Dietz, Mary E.

2013-01-01

484

Social and Academic Correlates of Reading a Common Book  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities have Common Book programs, but few of them are driven by clear goals and little research about the effectiveness of programs exists. The current study examined social and academic correlates of self-reported common book readership. As expected, upper-level students who read their entire common book as freshmen reported a stronger…

Daugherty, Timothy K.; Hayes, Mathew W.

2012-01-01

485

Campus and Community Connections: The Evolving IUPUI Common Theme Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009, IUPUI launched the Common Theme Project, designed to "promote campus unity, conversation, and collaboration on timely issues that connect IUPUI to central Indiana and the world." This paper briefly discusses the evolution of the Common Theme Project, from its roots as a freshman common reader to the current campus focus on…

Hanna, Kathleen A.

2013-01-01

486

Preparing Now for Common Core: A State and Local View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-four states, the District of Columbia and U.S. Virgin Islands have formally adopted the Common Core State Standards (Common Core), and implementation is scheduled to begin in 2014--not that far away when one thinks about all that needs to be put in place. It's important for local educators and administrators to actively engage in the Common

DeWitt, Stephen

2011-01-01

487

29 CFR 779.204 - Common types of “enterprise.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Common types of âenterprise.â 779.204...Enterprise; the Business Unit § 779.204 Common types of “enterprise.” (a) The...and there is both unified operation and common control. The entire business...

2010-07-01

488

Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Flagellates1  

E-print Network

FA-109 Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Flagellates1 Deborah B. Pouder, Eric W in a series of pictorial guides that is designed to assist in the identification of common freshwater fish parasites. The publications included in this series are: · Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide

Watson, Craig A.

489

Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Monogeneans1  

E-print Network

FA-111 Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Monogeneans1 Deborah B. Pouder, Eric W of pictorial guides that is designed to assist in the identification of common freshwater fish parasites. The publications included in this series are: · Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Sessile Ciliates

Watson, Craig A.

490

Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Sessile Ciliates1  

E-print Network

FA-107 Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Sessile Ciliates1 Deborah B. Pouder, Eric of pictorial guides that is designed to assist in the identification of common freshwater fish parasites. The publications included in this series are: · Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Sessile Ciliates

Watson, Craig A.

491

Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Motile Ciliates1  

E-print Network

FA108 Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Motile Ciliates1 Deborah B. Pouder, Eric W of pictorial guides that is designed to assist in the identification of common freshwater fish parasites. The publications included in this series are: · Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Sessile Ciliates

Watson, Craig A.

492

Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Digenean Trematodes1  

E-print Network

FA-112 Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide: Digenean Trematodes1 Deborah B. Pouder in a series of pictorial guides that is designed to assist in the identification of common freshwater fish parasites. The publications included in this series are: · Common Freshwater Fish Parasites Pictorial Guide

Watson, Craig A.

493

Fertile Ground for Community: Inner-City Neighborhood Common Spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that the formation of neighborhood social ties (NSTs) may substantially depend on the informal social contact which occurs in neighborhood common spaces, and that in inner-city neighborhoods where common spaces are often barren no-man's lands, the presence of trees and grass supports common space use and informal social contact among neighbors. We found that for 145 urban public

Frances E. Kuo; William C. Sullivan; Rebekah Levine Coley; Liesette Brunson

1998-01-01

494

Review Article Sixteen common misconceptions about the evolution of cooperation  

E-print Network

Review Article Sixteen common misconceptions about the evolution of cooperation in humans Stuart A of social evolution theory and the evolutionary work on cooperation, emphasising common misconceptions disciplines, emphasising common mis- conceptions. In the first part of our study (Sections 2­5), we provide

Gardner, Andy

495

Public schools, private schools, and the common school ideal  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the ethos of the nineteenth century common school, “all students are assigned the same tasks, and in all the same powers developed.” Twentieth century innovations such as ability grouping are foreign to the common school's egalitarian ideal. Such innovations may reinforce connections between students' ascribed background characteristics and school achievement. Proponents of the common school sought to sever

Robert Bickel; Martha J. Chang

1985-01-01

496

Application and Management of Commonality within NASA Systems  

E-print Network

Application and Management of Commonality within NASA Systems by Richard A. Rhodes B.S. Mechanical Students #12;2 #12;3 Application and Management of Commonality within NASA Systems by Richard A. Rhodes commonality, NASA has the opportunity to develop, produce, and operate systems more efficiently, thus reducing

de Weck, Olivier L.

497

Page 1 of 3 Common Reading Program Peer Helper  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 3 Common Reading Program Peer Helper Position Description Position Title: Community students. POSITION DESCRIPTION The goal of the Common Reading Program is to give every newly admitted student a common and shared academic experience ­ one that encourages a sense of community and provides

de Leon, Alex R.

498

Survey of wheelchair athletic injuries: common patterns and prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twelve hundred wheelchair athletes were surveyed to determine commonly experienced athletic injuries, sports participation and training patterns associated with injuries. Soft tissue trauma, blisters, lacerations, decubiti and joint disorders were the most commonly reported injuries of the 128 respondents. Over 70 per cent of all reported injuries occurred during wheelchair track, road racing and basketball. Common mechanisms of injury were

Kathleen A Curtis; Deborah A Dillon

1985-01-01

499

LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATION IN THE COMMON OR WHITE SHRIMP  

E-print Network

LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATION IN THE COMMON OR WHITE SHRIMP PENAEUS SETIFERUS Marine Biological, Arnie J. Suomela, Commissioner LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATION IN THE COMMON OR WHITE SHRIMP, PENAEUS SETIFERUS. C. May 1958 #12;#12;LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATION IN THE COMMON OR WHITE SHRIMP , PENAEUS SETIFERUS

500

How good are the Common Core Mathematics Standards?  

E-print Network

How good are the Common Core Mathematics Standards? Concord, CA October 29, 2012 H. Wu sets of math standards in the nation, maybe the best. Why did it adopt the CCSSM (Common Core State of this de facto national curriculum TSM (Textbook School Mathematics). See H. Wu, Bringing the Common Core

Wu, Hung-Hsi