Sample records for communication strategies presentation

  1. Strategies of Second-Language Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmberg, Rolf

    1978-01-01

    The use of the term "strategy" in second language communication is discussed, and a typology of communication strategies is presented. Communication strategies are those systematic devices a second language learner uses in attempting to express precise meaning in the target language. Definitions of learning strategies and communication strategies

  2. Sensor Networks Communication strategies

    E-print Network

    Chisci, Luigi

    Outline Sensor Networks Communication strategies Follow on Distributed estimation in sensor@dsi.unifi.it February 1, 2007 A. Benavoli Fully Decentralized Networks #12;Outline Sensor Networks Communication strategies Follow on Outline 1 Sensor Networks An introduction to Sensor Networks Network architectures

  3. Revealing the Effectivenesses of Communication Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Grace Hui Chin

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to report the history of communication strategy and highlight the importance of strategic competence. It provides the histories and characterizations of communication strategy. Besides, it presents from which perspectives these definitions of communication strategies were developed. Various earlier and latter…

  4. NASA science communications strategy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1995-06-01

    In 1994, the Clinton Administration issued a report, 'Science in the National Interest', which identified new national science goals. Two of the five goals are related to science communications: produce the finest scientists and engineers for the 21st century, and raise scientific and technological literacy of all Americans. In addition to the guidance and goals set forth by the Administration, NASA has been mandated by Congress under the 1958 Space Act to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination concerning its activities and the results thereof'. In addition to addressing eight Goals and Plans which resulted from a January 1994 meeting between NASA and members of the broader scientific, education, and communications community on the Public Communication of NASA's Science, the Science Communications Working Group (SCWG) took a comprehensive look at the way the Agency communicates its science to ensure that any changes the Agency made were long-term improvements. The SCWG developed a Science Communications Strategy for NASA and a plan to implement the Strategy. This report outlines a strategy from which effective science communications programs can be developed and implemented across the agency. Guiding principles and strategic themes for the strategy are provided, with numerous recommendations for improvement discussed within the respective themes of leadership, coordination, integration, participation, leveraging, and evaluation.

  5. NASA science communications strategy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    In 1994, the Clinton Administration issued a report, 'Science in the National Interest', which identified new national science goals. Two of the five goals are related to science communications: produce the finest scientists and engineers for the 21st century, and raise scientific and technological literacy of all Americans. In addition to the guidance and goals set forth by the Administration, NASA has been mandated by Congress under the 1958 Space Act to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination concerning its activities and the results thereof'. In addition to addressing eight Goals and Plans which resulted from a January 1994 meeting between NASA and members of the broader scientific, education, and communications community on the Public Communication of NASA's Science, the Science Communications Working Group (SCWG) took a comprehensive look at the way the Agency communicates its science to ensure that any changes the Agency made were long-term improvements. The SCWG developed a Science Communications Strategy for NASA and a plan to implement the Strategy. This report outlines a strategy from which effective science communications programs can be developed and implemented across the agency. Guiding principles and strategic themes for the strategy are provided, with numerous recommendations for improvement discussed within the respective themes of leadership, coordination, integration, participation, leveraging, and evaluation.

  6. Communication: essential strategies for success.

    PubMed

    O'Connor, Mary

    2013-06-01

    This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advance organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tool, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author discusses strategies for communication for change processes, whether large or small. Intentional planning and development of a communication strategy alongside, not as an afterthought, to change initiatives are essential. PMID:23708499

  7. NASA Education Communication Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2008

    2008-01-01

    For the past 15 years, the number of American college students earning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees has continued to decrease. By 2010, it is projected the national demand for STEM employees will rise by 10 percent. The Education Communication Strategy identifies the steps National Aeronautics and Space…

  8. Corporate strategies for satellite communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birch, David G. W.; Buck, S. Peter

    1991-10-01

    Terrestrial and satellite broadcast communications technologies, while clearly providing tremendous benefits in many market sectors, present something of a challenge to the strategic planning bodies in most organizations. This is because there is no existing analog for the services in the organizations' telecommunications networks. The marketplace is therefore a confusing place for such organizations swamped as it is with competing service providers, technologies, and services, and their telecommunications strategies cannot cope with the opportunities because they have been founded on the exploitation of point to point connections. A mechanism for creating and bounding strategies which combines the rigor of structured analysis with a comprehensive categorization of strategic directions which has been successfully used to generate new paneuropean telecommunications strategies is presented.

  9. Communication Strategies in the Written Medium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xhaferi, Brikena

    2012-01-01

    The field of second language acquisition has distinguished between two types of strategies: learning strategies and communication strategies. Learning strategies deal with the receptive domain of intake, memory, storage, and recall. Communication strategies pertain to the employment of verbal and nonverbal mechanisms for the productive…

  10. Communication strategies for organ donation.

    PubMed

    Gajiwala, Astrid Lobo

    2008-03-01

    A country, state or hospital may have the latest medical technology and infrastructure as well as qualified professionals for organ transplantation, but unless there is an adequate donor population the waiting lists for transplants will continue to be long and for some patients, hopeless. Public and professional awareness programmes are key factor in the donation process. Social education that explains the life-saving benefits of organ transplantation, the enormous need for organ donation, the concept of brain death and religious teachings related to these issues is vital for creating a conducive environment for the organ transplant co-ordinator or physician soliciting the donation. The education of hospital medical, nursing and administrative personnel is also essential to both miximise opportunities for donation, as well as to prevent loss of potential organs after donor consent. Other target populations are medical examiners or coroners, and police personnel under whose jurisdiction the donations occur, as their co-operation and guidance is necessary for meeting statutory requirements. The involvement of government officials and politicians is also valuable, as their active intervention is essential for the introduction and amendment of rules and laws to promote the donation and transplantation of organs. The present paper describes communication strategies for the development of an efficient education plan that will provide information about organ transplantation, explain the desired outcome, address potential queries, misconceptions or obstacles, and identify potential sources of support. PMID:18712137

  11. Promoting Community Health Resources: Preferred Communication Strategies

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Background: Community health promotion efforts involve communicating resource information to priority populations. Which communication strategies are most effective is largely unknown for specific populations. Objective: A random-dialed telephone survey was conducted to assess health resource comm...

  12. How Robots Can Help Communication Strategies that

    E-print Network

    How Robots Can Help Communication Strategies that Improve Social Outcomes Cristen Torrey May 2009, conversational interfaces, adaptive dialogue, help giving communication, help messages, help giving, social responses to technology, computers as social actors theory, perspective taking, politeness theory, help

  13. A Case Study about Communication Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Grace Hui Chin

    2011-01-01

    The primary purpose of this case study was to identify what were Taiwanese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners' perceptions about learning communication strategies. This study collected qualitative data about students' beliefs and attitudes as they learned communication strategies. The research question guiding the study was:…

  14. A Parallel Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm with Communication Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jui-fang Chang; Shu-chuan Chu; John F. Roddick; Jeng-shyang Pan

    2005-01-01

    Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is an alternative population-based evolutionary computation technique. It has been shown to be capable of optimizing hard mathematical problems in continuous or binary space. We present here a parallel version of the particle swarm optimization (PPSO) algorithm together with three communication strategies which can be used according to the independence of the data. The first strategy

  15. Communication Strategies in Caring for the Underserved.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ventres, William; Gordon, Paul

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the barriers created when communication breaks down between physicians and poor patients, a failure generally resulting from inadequately shared information and a power asymmetry in the relationship. Suggests strategies for improving communication with poor patients, including improving listening and responding skills, avoiding jargon,…

  16. Effectively executing a comprehensive marketing communication strategy.

    PubMed

    Gombeski, William R; Taylor, Jan; Piccirilli, Ami; Cundiff, Lee; Britt, Jason

    2007-01-01

    Marketers are under increasing scrutiny from their management to demonstrate accountability for the resources they receive. Three models are presented to help marketers execute their customer communication activities more effectively. Benefits of using the "Identification of Strategic Communication Elements," "Business Communication" and "Communications Management Process" models include (1) more effective upfront strategic and tactical planning, (2) ensuring key communication principles are addressed, (3) easier communication program communication, (4) provides a framework for program evaluation and market research and (5) increases the creative thinking marketers need when addressing the major marketing challenges. The ultimate benefit is the greater likelihood of more positive marketing results. PMID:19042530

  17. The Syllabus as a Communication Document: Constructing and Presenting the Syllabus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Blair Thompson

    2007-01-01

    This interpretive study explored the communicative strategies teachers employ when constructing and presenting course syllabi to overcome challenges teachers face surrounding the syllabus. Data included 13 classroom observations, 19 teacher interviews, and document analysis of the instructors' syllabi. Communication strategies teachers used to welcome students, balance tensions when presenting the syllabus, and focus students' attention during the presentation emerged. The

  18. Earth Observations: Experiences from Various Communication Strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lilja Bye, Bente

    2015-04-01

    With Earth observations and the Group of Earth Observations as the common thread, a variety of communication strategies have been applied showcasing the use of Earth observations in geosciences such as climate change, natural hazards, hydrology and more. Based on the experiences from these communication strategies, using communication channels ranging from popular articles in established media, video production, event-based material and social media, lessons have been learned both with respect to the need of capacity, skills, networks, and resources. In general it is not difficult to mobilize geoscientists willing to spend some time on outreach activities. Time for preparing and training is however scarce among scientists. In addition, resources to cover the various aspects of professional science outreach is far from abundant. Among the challenges is the connection between the scientific networks and media channels. Social media competence and capacity are also issues that needs to be addressed more explicitly and efficiently. An overview of the experiences from several types of outreach activities will be given along with some input on possible steps towards improved communication strategies. Steady development of science communication strategies continuously integrating trainging of scientists in use of new outreach tools such as web technology and social innovations for more efficient use of limited resources will remain an issue for the scientific community.

  19. Some Thoughts on the Notion of Communication Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarone, Elaine

    1981-01-01

    Proposes that communication strategies describe the learners' pattern of using what they know as they try to communicate with speakers of the largest language, and that communication strategies have an interactional function. Specific criteria are suggested for defining the notion of communication strategy as distinguished from learning and…

  20. Teachability of Communication Strategies: An Iranian Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maleki, Ataollah

    2007-01-01

    The possibility of teaching communication strategies and the feasibility of incorporating them into school syllabi have been a controversial issue. In the current study, 60 Iranian students were divided into two thirty-member classes; then two different textbooks, one with specific CS and the other without them, were chosen to be taught in the…

  1. Bandwidth Reallocation Strategy for Video Communications on NGN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Bin; Qin, Hao; Guo, Chunfang; Ma, Linhua

    Based on an estimation model of video subjective quality, a bandwidth reallocation strategy for video communications on NGN is presented. Experimental results show that the average PSNR of recovery video quality can be greatly increased by using the proposed method when the network bandwidth decreases.

  2. The Syllabus as a Communication Document: Constructing and Presenting the Syllabus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Blair

    2007-01-01

    This interpretive study explored the communicative strategies teachers employ when constructing and presenting course syllabi to overcome challenges teachers face surrounding the syllabus. Data included 13 classroom observations, 19 teacher interviews, and document analysis of the instructors' syllabi. Communication strategies teachers used to…

  3. Innovative Climate Communication Strategies: What Sticks?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fitzpatrick, M. F.; Heid, M.; Spanger-Siegfried, E.; Sideris, J.; Sanford, T. J.; Nurnberger, L.; Huertas, A.; Ekwurzel, B.; Cleetus, R.; Cell, K.

    2013-12-01

    A unique aspect of our work at the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) is the melding of scientific research and a robust communications initiative to bring salient information to decision makers and the public. Over the years, we have tried many different strategies to convey complex scientific information in an effective and appealing way, from movie stars to hope psychology, from dire warnings to academic appeals. But now that we are seeing climate impacts locally and climate change is no longer a future reality, what new vision do we need to support ongoing education? In this session we will present some of the techniques we have used to convey climate science concepts including our use of metaphors, data visualization, photography, blogs, social media, video, and public outreach events. Realizing that messages that stick are those that contain powerful narrative and speak to the emotional centers of our brains, we use innovative infographics as well as personal stories to encourage people to care about creating a healthier, cleaner planet. Reaching new audiences using unexpected messengers is a key focus. Some of the questions we will explore are: What metrics can we use to determine the efficacy of these tools? What are the best ways to convey urgency without a sense of hopelessness? How can we improve our communication at a time when action on climate is a necessity? Research shows infographics convey concepts much more easily and quickly than text alone, as our brains are wired to process visual scenes. Making complex scientific information accessible to the non-specialist public involves creativity and excellent data visualization.

  4. The Use of Communication Strategies in the Beginner EFL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodríguez Cervantes, Carmen A.; Roux Rodriguez, Ruth

    2012-01-01

    When language learners do not know how to say a word in English, they can communicate effectively by using their hands, imitating sounds, inventing new words, or describing what they mean. These ways of communicating are communication strategies (CSs). EFL teachers are not always aware of the importance of teaching communication strategies to…

  5. Social Media QMUL Digital Communications Strategy Social Media

    E-print Network

    Chittka, Lars

    Social Media ­ QMUL Digital Communications Strategy 1 Social Media QMUL Social Media Strategy provides staff with a framework for using social media. The strategy will be reviewed in July 2013. Social media rationale QMUL

  6. Communication and Path Planning Strategies of a Robotic Coverage Operation

    E-print Network

    Mostofi, Yasamin

    Communication and Path Planning Strategies of a Robotic Coverage Operation Yuan Yan and Yasamin, and finding a good spot for communication, in order to successfully transmit all the collected bits communication and motion energy costs, while operating in a realistic communication environment and under

  7. PAVES: A Presentation Strategy for Beginning Presenters in Inclusive Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combes, Bertina H.; Walker, Michelle; Harrell, Pamela Esprivalo; Tyler-Wood, Tandra

    2008-01-01

    Public speaking will continue to be an unsettling experience for some students, including those with disabilities. Experts have suggested several reasons for fearing public speaking; adequate preparation and practice can alleviate most of them. Using the PAVES (Posture, Attitude, Voice, Eye Contact, Smile) strategy described in this article can…

  8. Strategies to enhance gender sensitivity in communication education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia T. Wood; Lisa Firing Lenze

    1991-01-01

    This essay “translates” research findings regarding gender inequities in education into pragmatic strategies for change. Strategies are described that administrators, academic support services, and faculty may use to pursue the goal of enhancing gender sensitivity in communication education.

  9. Assessment Strategies for Student Interpersonal Communication Journals: A Comparison.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rolls, Judith A.

    A phenomenological approach was used in a study of three assessment strategies for the evaluation of journals written by speech communication students: (1) analytic assessment strategy; (2) primary trait assessment strategy; and (3) holistic assessment strategy. Completed question-and-answer packets, consisting of 8 to 12 diaries each, written by…

  10. Strategies for the public communication of eclipses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bretones, P. S.

    2015-03-01

    Eclipses are among the celestial events that draw the attention of the public. This paper discusses strategies for using eclipses as public communication opportunities in the media. It discusses the impact of articles written by the author and analysis of published material for 25 observed eclipses over the last 30 years by mass media in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. On each occasion, a standard article was posted on the Internet and sent to newspapers, radio and TV with information, such as: date, time and local circumstances; type of the eclipse; area of visibility; explanation; diagram of the phenomenon, and the Moon's path through Earth's shadow; eclipses in history; techniques of observation; getting photographs; place and event for public observation. Over the years, direct contact was maintained with the media and jounralists by the press offices of the institutions.

  11. Academic Self-Presentation Strategies and Popularity in Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zook, Joan M.; Russotti, Justin M.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined early adolescents' beliefs about which academic self-presentation strategies hypothetical hard-working, high-achieving students should use with popular peers, adolescents' own use of self-presentation strategies, and links between popularity and self-presentation strategies. In response to scenarios in which popular…

  12. Corporate Communication Revisited: Integrating Business Strategy and Strategic Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ansgar Zerfass

    Communication is omnipresent in our economic life. Every day sees significant sums invested in public relations, investor\\u000a relations, and communication with employees and customers. Everywhere, integrated communication is looked on as a factor in\\u000a economic success. And yet the question of how to portray, specifically from a management point of view, the need for communication\\u000a and its contribution to value-creation

  13. Evaluating Information Presentation Strategies for Spoken Recommendations

    E-print Network

    Moore, Johanna D.

    . Recommendation systems [1] are intended to guide users through the (potentially large) space of available options as in commercial use, are text- and graphics- based, and presentation of options is done using a display, where provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear

  14. Employee communication strategies for organizational crises

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. David Pincus; Lalit Acharya I

    1988-01-01

    Perhaps at no time is it more important for an organization to communicate sensitively and openly with its employees than during a crisis. Such efforts, however, are driven by management's view of a crisis situation, which frequently fails to consider employees' stress-induced responses to management communication behavior. This paper draws on research findings on life situations, crisis management, communication, stress,

  15. Communications-electronics Development Strategies-new Eniphasis On The Theory Of Evolution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kirby Lamar

    1981-01-01

    Many communications-e lectronics programs of the Federal Government haveexperienced serious ' schedule, cost and performance problems. Quantitative data are presented comparing schedule slippage and cost growth in communications-electronic systems with other types of weapon systems during the early 1970s. The new development strategy for the Federal Government is summarized and an expected cost methodology is proposed for estimating relative cost

  16. Nurse Assistant Communication Strategies About Pressure Ulcers in Nursing Homes.

    PubMed

    Alexander, Gregory L

    2015-07-01

    There is growing recognition of benefits of sophisticated information technology (IT) in nursing homes (NHs). In this research, we explore strategies nursing assistants (NAs) use to communicate pressure ulcer prevention practices in NHs with variable IT sophistication measures. Primary qualitative data were collected during focus groups with NAs in 16 NHs located across Missouri. NAs (n = 213) participated in 31 focus groups. Three major themes referencing communication strategies for pressure ulcer prevention were identified, including Passing on Information, Keeping Track of Needs and Information Access. NAs use a variety of strategies to prioritize care, and strategies are different based on IT sophistication level. NA work is an important part of patient care. However, little information about their work is included in communication, leaving patient records incomplete. NAs' communication is becoming increasingly important in the care of the millions of chronically ill elders in NHs. PMID:25331206

  17. Peer Teaching Assertive Communication Strategies for the Workplace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cangelosi, Barbara R.; Peterson, M. Larry

    A unit in assertive communication strategies for the workplace was developed and tested with approximately 45 juniors and seniors at a Utah high school. For 4 weeks of a 6-week grading period, the students were exposed to basic information on verbal and nonverbal communication and administered a survey designed to tap their individual value system…

  18. Improving Patient Safety Through Provider Communication Strategy Enhancements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca Persing

    The purpose of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate a comprehensive provider\\/ team communication strategy, resulting in a toolkit generalizable to other settings of care. The specific aims included implementation of a structured communication tool; a standardized escalation process; daily multidisciplinary patient-centered rounds using a daily goals sheet; and team huddles. The study setting was the 477-bed medical

  19. Practical science communication strategies for graduate students.

    PubMed

    Kuehne, Lauren M; Twardochleb, Laura A; Fritschie, Keith J; Mims, Meryl C; Lawrence, David J; Gibson, Polly P; Stewart-Koster, Ben; Olden, Julian D

    2014-10-01

    Development of skills in science communication is a well-acknowledged gap in graduate training, but the constraints that accompany research (limited time, resources, and knowledge of opportunities) make it challenging to acquire these proficiencies. Furthermore, advisors and institutions may find it difficult to support graduate students adequately in these efforts. The result is fewer career and societal benefits because students have not learned to communicate research effectively beyond their scientific peers. To help overcome these hurdles, we developed a practical approach to incorporating broad science communication into any graduate-school time line. The approach consists of a portfolio approach that organizes outreach activities along a time line of planned graduate studies. To help design the portfolio, we mapped available science communication tools according to 5 core skills essential to most scientific careers: writing, public speaking, leadership, project management, and teaching. This helps graduate students consider the diversity of communication tools based on their desired skills, time constraints, barriers to entry, target audiences, and personal and societal communication goals. By designing a portfolio with an advisor's input, guidance, and approval, graduate students can gauge how much outreach is appropriate given their other commitments to teaching, research, and classes. The student benefits from the advisors' experience and mentorship, promotes the group's research, and establishes a track record of engagement. When graduate student participation in science communication is discussed, it is often recommended that institutions offer or require more training in communication, project management, and leadership. We suggest that graduate students can also adopt a do-it-yourself approach that includes determining students' own outreach objectives and time constraints and communicating these with their advisor. By doing so we hope students will help create a new culture of science communication in graduate student education. PMID:24762116

  20. NLP as a communication strategy tool in libraries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koulouris, Alexandros; Sakas, Damianos P.; Giannakopoulos, Georgios

    2015-02-01

    The role of communication is a catalyst for the proper function of an organization. This paper focuses on libraries, where the communication is crucial for their success. In our opinion, libraries in Greece are suffering from the lack of communication and marketing strategy. Communication has many forms and manifestations. A key aspect of communication is body language, which has a dominant communication tool the neuro-linguistic programming (NLP). The body language is a system that expresses and transfers messages, thoughts and emotions. More and more organizations in the public sector and companies in the private sector base their success on the communication skills of their personnel. The NLP suggests several methods to obtain excellent relations in the workplace and to develop ideal communication. The NLP theory is mainly based on the development of standards (communication model) that guarantees the expected results. This research was conducted and analyzed in two parts, the qualitative and the quantitative. The findings mainly confirm the need for proper communication within libraries. In the qualitative research, the interviewees were aware of communication issues, although some gaps in that knowledge were observed. Even this slightly lack of knowledge, highlights the need for constant information through educational programs. This is particularly necessary for senior executives of libraries, who should attend relevant seminars and refresh their knowledge on communication related issues.

  1. Evaluation of Sexual Communication Message Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W Douglas Evans; Kevin C Davis; Cindy Umanzor; Kajal Patel; Munziba Khan

    2011-01-01

    Parent-child communication about sex is an important proximal reproductive health outcome. But while campaigns to promote\\u000a it such as the Parents Speak Up National Campaign (PSUNC) have been effective, little is known about how messages influence\\u000a parental cognitions and behavior. This study examines which message features explain responses to sexual communication messages.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a We content analyzed 4 PSUNC ads to identify

  2. Communication strategies in cosmetic surgery websites: an application of Taylor's six-segment message strategy wheel.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Ho-Young Anthony; Wu, Lei; Taylor, Ronald E

    2013-01-01

    Using Taylor's six-segment message strategy wheel as a theoretical framework, this study examines the communication approach (transmission or ritual) and message strategy (ego, social, sensory, routine, acute need, or ration) of cosmetic surgery websites. A content analysis revealed a fairly even division between transmission and ritual approaches. Ration strategy was the exclusive strategy in the websites adopting a transmission approach. No routine or acute need strategies were observed. Websites incorporating the ritual approach used ego, social, and sensory strategies. Human female models and natural objects were incorporated to deliver emotional persuasion. Implications for cosmetic surgery web marketers are discussed. PMID:23697851

  3. (Meta)communication strategies in inclusive classes for deaf students.

    PubMed

    Kelman, Celeste Azulay; Branco, Angela Uchôa

    2009-01-01

    How can an inclusive classroom for deaf students be successful? The use of metacommunication strategies by teachers and hearing peers seems promising. Schools that promote this approach tend to improve deaf students' psychosocial development and academic achievement. However, this is not a general rule. The present study identifies the elements of success, with the investigators basing their analysis on extensive observation of 4 bilingual classes conducted by regular education and specialized teachers. The study was conducted in 3 public elementary schools in Brasilia, Brazil. Data were collected through direct observation (156 hours) and video recording (34 hours). Results were qualitatively analyzed from a microgenetic perspective. The investigators devised 14 categories of social interaction, e.g., visual contact and responsivity, multimodal communication, co-construction of meanings, flexible use of space, and sign language instruction for hearing students. PMID:20066919

  4. Using Active Learning Strategies to Present Bloodborne Pathogen Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Leslie; Weaver, Mary G.

    2003-01-01

    Every year, school nurses have the responsibility for developing and presenting a bloodborne pathogen presentation to the education and clerical staff of their buildings. Although the information is similar from year to year, the manner in which the information is presented can be altered. Teachers are using active learning strategies in a variety…

  5. Communication Difficulties and the Use of Communication Strategies: From the Perspective of Individuals with Aphasia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johansson, Monica Blom; Carlsson, Marianne; Sonnander, Karin

    2012-01-01

    Background: To enhance communicative ability and thereby the possibility of increased participation of persons with aphasia, the use of communication strategies has been proposed. However, little is known about how persons with aphasia experience having conversations and how they perceive their own and their conversation partner's use of…

  6. Literacy and Communication Technologies: Distance Education Strategies for Literacy Delivery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aderinoye, Rashid

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the promotion of literacy through information and communication technologies (ICTs) and through various modes of distance learning. After a general discussion of these approaches, the article focuses on efforts towards reducing illiteracy in Nigeria through integrated strategies for literacy delivery and especially through…

  7. Communication Strategies: An Interplay between Proficiency and Gender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shokouhi, Hussein; Angameh, Farzad

    2008-01-01

    This paper is intended to investigate the interplay between proficiency and gender in the use of communication strategies. Sixty Iranian university male and female subjects studying English took part in the experiment and performed two tasks: word recognition and picture-story narration. The results indicate that proficiency had a more perceptible…

  8. Communication-based positioning systems: past, present and prospects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Guan-Yi; Wan, Qing-Tao; Gan, Tong

    2012-06-01

    This paper reviews positioning systems in the context of communication systems. First, the basic positioning technique is described for location based service (LBS) in mobile communication systems. Then the high integrity global positioning system (iGPS) is introduced in terms of aspects of what it is and how the low Earth orbit (LEO) Iridium telecommunication satellites enhance the global positioning system (GPS). Emphasis is on the Chinese Area Positioning System (CAPS) which is mainly based on commercial geostationary (GEO) communication satellites, including decommissioned GEO and inclined geosynchronous communication satellites. Characterized by its low cost, high flexibility, wide-area coverage and ample frequency resources, a distinctive feature of CAPS is that its navigation messages are generated on the ground, then uploaded to and forwarded by the communication satellites. Fundamental principles and key technologies applied in the construction of CAPS are presented in detail from the CAPS validation phase to its experimental system setup. A prospective view of CAPS has concluded it to be a seamless, high accuracy, large capacity navigation and communication system which can be achieved by expanding it world wide and enhancing it with LEO satellites and mobile base stations. Hence, this system is a potential candidate for the next generation of radio navigation after GPS.

  9. Limited communication capacity unveils strategies for human interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miritello, Giovanna; Lara, Rubén; Cebrian, Manuel; Moro, Esteban

    2013-06-01

    Connectivity is the key process that characterizes the structural and functional properties of social networks. However, the bursty activity of dyadic interactions may hinder the discrimination of inactive ties from large interevent times in active ones. We develop a principled method to detect tie de-activation and apply it to a large longitudinal, cross-sectional communication dataset (~19 months, ~20 million people). Contrary to the perception of ever-growing connectivity, we observe that individuals exhibit a finite communication capacity, which limits the number of ties they can maintain active in time. On average men display higher capacity than women, and this capacity decreases for both genders over their lifespan. Separating communication capacity from activity reveals a diverse range of tie activation strategies, from stable to exploratory. This allows us to draw novel relationships between individual strategies for human interaction and the evolution of social networks at global scale.

  10. Making Numbers Matter: Present and Future Research in Risk Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fagerlin, Angela; Ubel, Peter A.; Smith, Dylan M.; Zikmund-Fisher, Brian J.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To summarize existing research on individual numeracy and methods for presenting risk information to patients. Methods: We selectively retrieved articles from MEDLINE and the "Social Sciences Citation Index". Results: Many Americans have low numeracy skills, a deficit that impedes effective health care. Approaches to risk communication

  11. Present and New Treatment Strategies in the Management of Glaucoma

    PubMed Central

    M, Kolko

    2015-01-01

    Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death and axonal loss. It remains a major cause of blindness worldwide. All current modalities of treatment are focused on lowering intraocular pressure (IOP), and it is evident that increased IOP is an important risk factor for progression of the disease. However, it is clear that a significant number of glaucoma patients show disease progression despite of pressure lowering treatments. Much attention has been given to the development of neuroprotective treatment strategies, but the identification of such has been hampered by lack of understanding of the etiology of glaucoma. Hence, in spite of many attempts no neuroprotective drug has yet been clinically approved. Even though neuroprotection is without doubt an important treatment strategy, many glaucoma subjects are diagnosed after substantial loss of RGCs. In this matter, recent approaches aim to rescue RGCs and regenerate axons in order to restore visual function in glaucoma. The present review seeks to provide an overview of the present and new treatment strategies in the management of glaucoma. The treatment strategies are divided into current available glaucoma medications, new pressure lowering targets, prospective neuroprotective interventions, and finally possible neuroregenrative strategies.

  12. Guidelines for Poster Presentations Posters presenting technical or scientific projects are a unique communication problem.

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    Guidelines for Poster Presentations Posters presenting technical or scientific projects are a unique communication problem. Generally, the reader of a poster will spend no more than about 30 seconds looking at your poster before deciding whether to explore the topic in more depth or move on. Plus, your

  13. Interviewing: Communication Strategies. Focused Access to Selected Topics (FAST) Bibliography No. 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shermis, Michael

    This bibliography contains 25 annotations of resources in the ERIC database (ranging from 1977 to 1988) concerning communications strategies for both teachers who are preparing students for the interviewing process and students who foresee an interview in the near future. The citations in the first section present teaching techniques and…

  14. An efficient strategy for data exchange in multi-robot mapping under underwater communication constraints

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Max Pfingsthorn; Andreas Birk; H. Bulow

    2010-01-01

    The online generation of underwater image maps or mosaicking is of high interest for underwater robots, e.g., for autonomous navigation, exploration, or object detection. Here, a cooperative approach is presented that addresses the particular challenges of the severe constraints on communication bandwidth in the underwater domain. Concretely, a special update strategy for a cooperatively maintained pose graph as basis for

  15. Online political communication strategies: MEPs, e-representation and self-representation

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Online political communication strategies: MEPs, e-representation and self- representation widely on the professionalisation and marketisation of political communication including Political à l'ère numérique). Her interests are in online political communication, and she has published

  16. Unified communications : convergence of platforms and strategies of two software vendors

    E-print Network

    Hydari, Muhammad Zia

    2008-01-01

    Unified Communications: Convergence of Platforms and Strategies of Two Software Vendors by Muhammad Zia Hydari ABSTRACT Unified communication (UC) is the convergence of various modes of communication - voice telephony, ...

  17. Bounded control strategies for minimizing the effects of the communications network on the lateral control of an AGV

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Inés Tejado; Blas M. Vinagre; José I. Suárez; Teresa de Pedro

    2008-01-01

    The performance of a networked control system (NCS) is affected directly and indirectly by transmission time delays and data losses in the communications network. Based on the communications network model, this paper presents two different control strategies and the study of network effects on the lateral (guidance) control of an autonomous guided vehicle (AGV) in the presence of sensor noise:

  18. "One Big Happy Family": How to Plan an Internal Communications Strategy. Specialisms for Generalists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slee, Peter; Harwood, Eleanor

    2004-01-01

    This paper explains the strategic importance of internal communications, and offers a simple model for managing the process of effective internal communications. Discussion includes defining internal communications, strategic importance of internal communications, integrating internal communications strategy as a natural part of everyday working…

  19. An alternative to present United States defense strategy 

    E-print Network

    Anthony, William Wallace

    1971-01-01

    J BSTRACT An Alternative to Present United States Defense Strategy. (Nay 1971) william 1:. 'allace Anthony, B. A. , Tarleton State College; Directed by: Dr. N. Z. Benton 'he purpose of tnis study is to explore the policy relative to a nuclear... strategic capability that wo ld enhance the defensive nuclear posture of tne United States and its allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The thesis postulates the employment of a land mass, that is a possession of a N"TO alliance...

  20. Political communication management : The strategy of the two main candidates during the 2007 French presidential elections

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C?lin Gur?u; Nawel Ayadi

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This paper seeks to investigate the communication strategy of the two main candidates in the 2007 French presidential elections, deconstructing the process of communication in its main elements: context, message, media-mix, and communication strategy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Secondary data were collected from a variety of secondary sources, such as texts, articles, statistics and interviews on the subject of the

  1. Effective strategies to counter campus presentations on climate denial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corbin, Jeffrey D.; Katz, Miriam E.

    2012-07-01

    Although 97%-98% of the climate researchers most actively publishing in the field accept the basic tenets of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) findings [Anderegg et al., 2010], there is a consistent undercurrent of doubt among the general public (A. Leiserowitz et al., Global warming's six Americas in May 2011, online report, 57 pp., Yale Project on Climate Change Communication, Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 2011). To some extent, this doubt is fueled by high-profile climate change deniers who offer “the real view” of climate science [Oreskes and Conway, 2010]. Our campuses recently hosted two such speakers: Ivar Giaever at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) and Christopher Monckton (also known as Lord Monckton) at Union College. (Monckton's presentation can be seen at http://union.campusreform.org/group/blog/live-webinar-lord-monckton-at-union-college.)

  2. Presenting time-evolving activities using communication archive data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheng-Jie Luo; Shih-Wen Huang; En-Hsu Yen; Li-Ting Huang; Bing-Yu Chen; Kwan-Liu Ma

    2011-01-01

    With the growing use of online communication (e.g., email or instant message), communication data becomes rich in multiple dimensions. The data silently record our daily activities over the years, and the ability to collect and utilize such data can help to recall our everyday lives. However, the browsing of thousands of communication messages is tedious, and there is no effective

  3. Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strauss, Andre

    The following essays on communication are presented: communication as a condition of survival, communication for special purposes, the means of transmission of communication, communication within social and economic structures, the teaching of communication through the press, the teaching of modern languages, communication as a point of departure,…

  4. Effectiveness of communication in climate change and risk research: is the impact evaluated and where is it presented at scientific conferences?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charrière, Marie; Bogaard, Thom

    2015-04-01

    There is no debate among scientists that we have to communicate on climate change and risks. This is translated for example in the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation Horizon 2020 which stipulates that communication and dissemination are an integral part of scientific projects. Examples of communication efforts with the general public and managers and policy makers are manifolds. And these communication experiences are more and more presented and shared in scientific conferences such as AGU and EGU. However, only a few of those contributions deal with the evaluation and impact of these communication efforts. Evaluation is a necessary final step for communication in order to ensure its effectiveness, and if negative, to adapt the communication strategy. So the open questions to discuss are: "How are geoscientists involved in communication and education on climate change and risk research? Are geoscientists actively evaluating the effectiveness of the communication efforts and if so, why their results are not presented in scientific conferences?

  5. Communication strategies and intensive interaction therapy meet the theology of the body: bioethics in dialogue with people with profound disabilities.

    PubMed

    Matthews, Pia

    2013-01-01

    Academic bioethics does not appear to be interested in communication and its ethical concerns unless communication is to do with issues such as capacity, consent, truth telling and confidentiality. In contrast practitioners are interested in actually communicating with their patients and they are often particularly perplexed when it comes to people with profound disabilities where communication appears disrupted. Although some new and not so new communication strategies, and especially intensive interaction, are available, little has been written on either the ethical concerns these may present or the deeper concepts that underpin them. This article explores the practical applications of some of these communication strategies. By engaging these strategies with theology, and specifically Pope John Paul's Theology of the Body, this article identifies and addresses some significant ethical issues that may arise, notably the risk of dualism and of objectifying the human person. Moreover it provides communication strategies with a rationale that goes beyond practicalities to one based on respect for human dignity, justice and solidarity. PMID:25109127

  6. (Meta)Communication Strategies in Inclusive Classes for Deaf Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelman, Celeste Azulay; Branco, Angela Uchoa

    2009-01-01

    How can an inclusive classroom for deaf students be successful? The use of metacommunication strategies by teachers and hearing peers seems promising. Schools that promote this approach tend to improve deaf students' psychosocial development and academic achievement. However, this is not a general rule. The present study identifies the elements of…

  7. IEEE Wireless Communications October 200554 1536-1284/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE PRESENT AND FUTURE SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS

    E-print Network

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    PRESENT AND FUTURE SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS SHAOJIAN FU, OPNET MOHAMMED ATIQUZZAMAN, UNIVERSITY of GEO satellites makes them less desirable for real-time applica- tions, such as voice communicationsIEEE Wireless Communications · October 200554 1536-1284/05/$20.00 © 2005 IEEE Gateway 1 LEO1 GEO1

  8. The Seven Cs Ethical Model of Communication: Environmental Communication and Indigenous Knowledge Management Strategies in International Agricultural Development 

    E-print Network

    McCann, Elisabeth

    2012-10-19

    and practices. A theoretical framework is formulated, with the principles of environmental communication as a foundation. Special emphasis is placed upon knowledge management strategies utilized when working with indigenous populations. From these theoretical...

  9. Communicative Alternatives to Challenging Behavior: Integrating Functional Assessment and Intervention Strategies. Volume 3. Communication and Language Intervention Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reichle, Joe, Ed.; Wacker, David P., Ed.

    Emphasizing the use of communication training as the foundation for effective behavioral programming, this book explains how challenging behavior can be redirected into socially acceptable behavior through functional communication intervention. The book offers hands-on assessment and intervention strategies that can be used in school, home, work,…

  10. A CONTROL THEORETIC FORMULATION OF GREEN DRIVING STRATEGY1 BASED ON INTER-VEHICLE COMMUNICATIONS2

    E-print Network

    Detwiler, Russell

    for different market31 penetration rates of IVC-equipped vehicles and communication delays, we can see consumption,37 Newell's car-following model, CMEM, inter-vehicle communication, market penetration rate, comA CONTROL THEORETIC FORMULATION OF GREEN DRIVING STRATEGY1 BASED ON INTER-VEHICLE COMMUNICATIONS2

  11. Cultural Codes and Language Strategies in Business Communication: Interactions between Israeli and Indian Businesspeople.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaidman, Nurit

    2001-01-01

    Analyzes differences and conflicts in intercultural business communication between Israeli and Indian businesspeople, also analyzing their communication sources and strategies. Finds that communication problems between international managers are better explained by focusing on differences between their discourse systems rather than global…

  12. Repair Strategies Used by Elementary-Age Beginning Communicators with Autism: A Preliminary Descriptive Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohtake, Yoshihisa; Yanagihara, Masafumi; Nakaya, Akitaka; Takahashi, Shoji; Sato, Etsuko; Tanaka, Minoru

    2005-01-01

    This descriptive study extends previous studies on communication repairs by (a) involving elementary-age children with autism who are prelinguistic to emergent one-word communicators and (b) examining repair strategies in terms of the relationships between the conventionality and functionality of communication forms and the type of breakdown.…

  13. Teaching College Students Communication Strategies for Effective Social Justice Advocacy. Black Studies and Critical Thinking. Volume 23

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nash, Robert J., Ed.; Johnson, Richard Greggory, III, Ed.; Murray, Michele C., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The book deals concretely with the most effective ways for educators to be social justice advocates, with questions about what it means to be a social justice advocate, and with the best communication strategies to advocate for a particular social justice view that might start and sustain an open dialogue. The book presents a number of practical…

  14. UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office of Communications, Public Relations and Marketing

    E-print Network

    Kulp, Mark

    UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office.4 #12;UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office This is a Service Agreement (SA) between the service providers: · Division of Web Strategy

  15. An alternative to present United States defense strategy

    E-print Network

    Anthony, William Wallace

    1971-01-01

    can weather massive nuclear attacl?, even witn li. tie or no warning, in sufficient sarong-. n to strike a decisive counter-blow. Tnis force ". ust be of a. character which will per, 't its use, in t!. e event of etta. ck, in a cool and deliberate..., force, coercion, and perception have a special meaning as regards nuclear strategy as a deterrent and the various plans that have 12 "Deterrence as an Influence Process" (excerpt from Teqh Pub TP 5879, US Naval Ordinance Test Station, China Lake...

  16. Prose Checklist: Strategies for Improving School-to-Home Written Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagro, Sarah A.

    2015-01-01

    Effective communication enhances school-family partnerships. Written communication is a common, efficient way of communicating with families, but potential barriers to effective communication include readability level, clarity of presentation, complexity of format, and structural components. The PROSE Checklist presented in this article can…

  17. Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 4th year Projects: Poster presentation

    E-print Network

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 4th year Projects: Poster presentation://www.monash.edu.au/lls/llonline/writing/science/8.xml #12;Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 2 2. Poster Template A. U. Thor/high-visibility attention-drawing figure. More headings More text. #12;Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online

  18. Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 Giving a Poster Presentation

    E-print Network

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 Giving a Poster Presentation In some://www.monash.edu.au/lls/llonline/writing/science/8.xml #12;Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 2 2. Poster Template A. U. Thor/high-visibility attention-drawing figure. More headings More text. #12;Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online

  19. Developing tools and strategies for communicating climate change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bader, D.; Yam, E. M.; Perkins, L.

    2011-12-01

    Research indicates that the public views zoos and aquariums as reliable and trusted sources for information on conservation. Additionally, visiting zoos and aquariums helps people reconsider their connections to conservation issues and solutions. The Aquarium of the Pacific, an AZA-accredited institution that serves the most ethnically diverse population of all aquariums in the nation, is using exhibit space, technology, public programming, and staff professional development to present a model for how aquariums can promote climate literacy. Our newest galleries and programs are designed to immerse our visitors in experiences that connect our live animal collection to larger themes on ocean change. The Aquarium is supporting our new programming with a multifaceted staff professional development that exposes our interpretive staff to current climate science and researchers as well as current social science on public perception of climate science. Our staff also leads workshops for scientists; these sessions allow us to examine learning theory and develop tools to communicate science and controversial subjects effectively. Through our partnerships in the science, social science, and informal science education communities, we are working to innovate and develop best practices in climate communication.

  20. Strategies and Techniques for Communicating Concrete Pavement Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Anderson-Wilk

    Technology transfer is a set of activities intended to lead to the eventual implementation of new products and methods. The paper seeks to explain the importance of communications in technology transfer efforts and how specific communications approaches and techniques can be used to move research findings to interested audiences. Examples are provided from the communications program of the National Concrete

  1. Communication Strategy Use: An Exploratory Case Study of an EFL Lesson in Second Life 

    E-print Network

    Gowans, Susan

    This paper reports the findings of an exploratory case study examining communication strategy use between three adult EFL learners and their teacher from diverse cultural backgrounds, whilst incorporating voice and text ...

  2. Development of Laser Beam Transmission Strategies for Future Ground-to-Space Optical Communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, Keith E.; Kovalik, Joseph M.; Biswas, Abhijit; Roberts, William T.

    2007-01-01

    Optical communications is a key technology to meet the bandwidth expansion required in the global information grid. High bandwidth bi-directional links between sub-orbital platforms and ground and space terminals can provide a seamless interconnectivity for rapid return of critical data to analysts. The JPL Optical Communications Telescope Laboratory (OCTL) is located in Wrightwood California at an altitude of 2.2.km. This 200 sq-m facility houses a state-of- the-art 1-m telescope and is used to develop operational strategies for ground-to-space laser beam propagation that include safe beam transmission through navigable air space, adaptive optics correction and multi-beam scintillation mitigation, and line of sight optical attenuation monitoring. JPL has received authorization from international satellite owners to transmit laser beams to more than twenty retro-reflecting satellites. This paper presents recent progress in the development of these operational strategies tested by narrow laser beam transmissions from the OCTL to retro-reflecting satellites. We present experimental results and compare our measurements with predicted performance for a variety of atmospheric conditions.

  3. Advanced Image Search: A Strategy for Creating Presentation Boards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frey, Diane K.; Hines, Jean D.; Swinker, Mary E.

    2008-01-01

    Finding relevant digital images to create presentation boards requires advanced search skills. This article describes a course assignment involving a technique designed to develop students' literacy skills with respect to locating images of desired quality and content from Internet databases. The assignment was applied in a collegiate apparel…

  4. Second Language Communication Strategies: Definitions, Taxonomies, Data Elicitation Methodology and Teachability Issues. A Review Article.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rababah, Ghaleb

    This paper examines trends in second language communication strategies (CSs), explaining that when language learners concentrate on form or accuracy, they encounter problems, and when they recognize the mismatch between their linguistic resources and communicative intentions, they try to solve these problems using CSs (e.g., appeals for help,…

  5. Strategies for Promoting Generalization of Social Communication Skills in Preschoolers and School-Aged Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timler, Geralyn R.; Vogler-Elias, Dawn; McGill, K. Fay

    2007-01-01

    Effective social communication interventions achieve 2 outcomes: enhancement of language and social skills and generalization of these skills during authentic interactions with peers. This article describes intervention contexts and strategies for promoting generalization of social communication skills in children with language impairments.…

  6. Effects of Message Interactivity upon Relational Maintenance Strategy in Digital Communications between Organizations and the Public

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Zhan-Qing

    2012-01-01

    Digital communication between organizations and the public is strategically important in shaping mutual understanding and long term relationship. The primary focus of this project was to investigate the relationship between message interactivity and relational maintenance strategy in the email communication process on organization websites. At…

  7. Risk communication strategies: state of the art and effectiveness in the context of cancer genetic services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire Julian-Reynier; Myriam Welkenhuysen; Lea Hagoel; Marleen Decruyenaere; Penelope Hopwood

    2003-01-01

    The objective of this paper is first to describe the different strategies used to communicate risks to patients in the field of cancer or genetics, to review their effectiveness, and to summarise the state of the art of this practice in particular, in cancer genetics. The target audience is health care professionals involved in the communication of cancer risks, and

  8. Unsettling Assumptions and Boundaries: Strategies for Developing a Critical Perspective about Business and Management Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cockburn-Wootten, Cheryl; Cockburn, Tom

    2011-01-01

    This article describes how a collaborative class strategy and an introductory activity were used to develop students' thinking about business and management communication. The article focuses on teachers who want to integrate critical perspectives about business communication into their classes. A course ethos, learning groups, and an introductory…

  9. IEEE Communications Magazine March 2001172 Effects on TCP of Routing Strategies in

    E-print Network

    Wood, Lloyd

    IEEE Communications Magazine · March 2001172 Effects on TCP of Routing Strategies in Satellite available, and ICO Glob- al Communications is to follow) · Low-bit-rate messaging data services move faster relative to the ground to stay in their orbits, increasing the rate of handoff and Doppler

  10. Communication Strategies at Work. P.R.I.D.E. People Retraining for Industry Excellence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollak, Ave

    This workplace skills course on communication strategies at work is designed to begin the process of building effective communication skills for use in the workplace as well as in personal relationships. Introductory material includes a course description and objectives. The course consists of four sessions, each of which has these components:…

  11. Assessing Preservice Teachers' Presentation Capabilities: Contrasting the Modes of Communication with the Constructed Impression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bower, Matt G.; Moloney, Robyn A.; Cavanagh, Michael S.; Sweller, Naomi

    2013-01-01

    A research-based understanding of how to develop and assess classroom presentation skills is vital for the effective development of pre-service teacher communication capabilities. This paper identifies and compares two different models of assessing pre-service teachers' presentation performance--one based on the Modes of Communication (voice,…

  12. Strategies for Teaching Social and Emotional Intelligence in Business Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigmar, Lucia Stretcher; Hynes, Geraldine E.; Hill, Kathy L.

    2012-01-01

    Incorporating social and emotional skills (EI) training into the business communication curriculum is important for preparing students to function effectively in a global workplace with its complex informal networks, intercultural issues, team emphasis, and participatory leadership. EI skills enhance communication behavior in work groups and…

  13. Communicative Strategies of Swahili Learners: The One to One Principle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musau, Paul M.

    1995-01-01

    Examines how second-language learners compensate for their target language deficiency in communication using the One to One Principle of interlanguage communication. Results indicate that target language aspects not adhering to one-to-one mapping between semantic and surface elements are problematic to the learners and are seemingly acquired late.…

  14. Street Crossing: Observational Research and Developing Health Communication Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackert, Michael; Lazard, Allison; Wyeth, Ben

    2015-01-01

    Students in communication, and particularly in advertising, are encouraged to value creativity. However, even in programs that value creativity, it can be difficult to encourage creativity in the process of research that guides communication efforts. The project described in this paper--"Street Crossing"--is used in upper-division and…

  15. Creating the Right Reality: Communication Message Strategies and the Republican Party

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. L. Goodall; Seth Wiener

    2008-01-01

    This critical essay explores the parallels between the communicative strategies and methods of totalitarian movements and those of the modern American conservative movement. The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt (1968) serves as the standard by which the authors investigate the properties of such strategies. The authors find that the conservative movement in general and the Republican Party specifically, though

  16. Decreasing Health Disparities for People with Disabilities through Improved Communication Strategies and Awareness

    PubMed Central

    Sharby, Nancy; Martire, Katharine; Iversen, Maura D.

    2015-01-01

    Factors influencing access to health care among people with disabilities (PWD) include: attitudes of health care providers and the public, physical barriers, miscommunication, income level, ethnic/minority status, insurance coverage, and lack of information tailored to PWD. Reducing health care disparities in a population with complex needs requires implementation at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels. This review article discusses common barriers to health care access from the patient and provider perspective, particularly focusing on communication barriers and how to address and ameliorate them. Articles utilized in this review were published from 2005 to present in MEDLINE and CINAHL and written in English that focused on people with disabilities. Topics searched for in the literature include: disparities and health outcomes, health care dissatisfaction, patient-provider communication and access issues. Ineffective communication has significant impacts for PWD. They frequently believe that providers are not interested in, or sensitive to their particular needs and are less likely to seek care or to follow up with recommendations. Various strategies for successful improvement of health outcomes for PWD were identified including changing the way health care professionals are educated regarding disabilities, improving access to health care services, and enhancing the capacity for patient centered care. PMID:25809511

  17. Improving nursing students' communication skills using crew resource management strategies.

    PubMed

    Aebersold, Michelle; Tschannen, Dana; Sculli, Gary

    2013-03-01

    To provide optimal patient care, all members of the health care team must effectively communicate patient status and the current plan of care. The Crew Resource Management (CRM) training system has been successfully used in the aviation industry to manage human error and reduce risk in the operational environment. CRM focuses on behaviors that support communication and teamwork and is modifiable to be used in nursing education. A version of CRM-nursing crew resource management-was implemented in a group of senior undergraduate nursing students. Students were satisfied with the program, and in a subsequent simulation they demonstrated the ability to use the communication techniques learned. PMID:23380022

  18. Using Communication Strategies to Promote Sexual Health: Can Mass Media Get in Bed with the "Female" Condom?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Sarah Mariel; Austin, S. Bryn

    2010-01-01

    Many public health students receive little, if any, formal training in communicating health information to the public. Public health practitioners, however, are regularly asked to use communication strategies to convey health information. The lesson plan was designed to teach students mass communication strategies in the context of sexual health…

  19. Presenting science news: Issues of content, communication modality, and balance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marianne G Pellechia

    2001-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on various aspects of the issue of public understanding of science, especially as it relates to the question of presenting science through the mass media. Specifically it consists of two separate studies, both of which focus on different facets of journalistic coverage of science. The first study is a longitudinal content analysis of science news reporting in

  20. A framework for Unified Communication and Collaboration strategy for telcos

    E-print Network

    Wahid, Bilal

    2008-01-01

    Unified Communication and Collaboration (UCC) is a product offer that is the result of fixed and mobile networks convergence and the possibility of development of applications which are interoperable. Currently there are ...

  1. UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Information & Communication Technology Infrastructure Strategy

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    and management tools (Ref. Information Strategy Universal Access Working Group, e-Science and the Grid working of key services and provide inherent containment measures against hacking, viruses, worms etc. (Ref hacking, viruses, worms etc. (Ref. Information Strategy Information Systems Security Working Group

  2. COMMUNICATING GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: INVESTIGATING MESSAGE STRATEGIES FOR COMMUNICATING THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE.

    EPA Science Inventory

    The research program is designed to generate findings that provide specific guidance to science communicators and government officials on how to best communicate knowledge about global climate change and other environmental issues to diverse lay audiences. Beyond providing gui...

  3. Present and future communication technologies for distribution automation in rural Queensland, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tushar Dhar; Tee Tang

    1998-01-01

    This paper reviews the communication systems presently being used for distribution automation, control and monitoring of power supply in remote areas of Queensland, Australia. The study focuses on two of the electric utilities, South East Queensland Electricity Corporation (SEQEB) and South West Power. The utilities encounter various communication problems in implementing distribution automation (DA) and monitoring the supply in their

  4. Use of Augmentative and Assistive Communication Strategies by Family Members in the ICU

    PubMed Central

    Broyles, Lauren M.; Tate, Judith A.; Happ, Mary Beth

    2013-01-01

    Background Very little is known about patient-family communication during critical illness and mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU), including the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) tools and strategies during patient-family communication. Objectives The study objectives were to identify (1) which AAC tools families use with nonspeaking ICU patients and how they are used, and (2) what families and nurses say about patient-family communication with nonspeaking patients in the ICU. Methods A qualitative secondary analysis was conducted of existing data from a clinical trial testing interventions to improve nurse-patient communication in the ICU. Narrative study data (field notes, intervention logs, nurse interviews) from 127 critically ill adults were reviewed for evidence of family involvement with AAC tools. Qualitative content analysis was applied for thematic description of family and nurse accounts of patient-family communication. Results Family involvement with AAC tools was evident in 44% (n= 41/93) of the patients completing the parent study protocol. Spouses/significant others communicated with patients most often. Writing was the most frequently used tool. Main themes describing patient-family communication included: (1) Families as unprepared and unaware; (2) Family perceptions of communication effectiveness; (3) Nurses deferring to or guiding patient-family communication; (4) Patient communication characteristics; and (5) Family experience and interest with AAC tools. Conclusions Families are typically unprepared for the communication challenges of critical illness, and often “on their own” in confronting them. Assessment by skilled bedside clinicians can reveal patient communication potential and facilitate useful AAC tools and strategies for patients and families. PMID:22381993

  5. Strategies and tensions in communicating research on sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: a qualitative study of the experiences of researchers and communications staff

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and HIV issues are often controversial and neglected, leading to challenges with engaging policy actors. Research evidence is complex, posing further challenges for ensuring that policy and practice are evidence-based. Many health researchers are adopting innovative approaches to engaging stakeholders in their research, yet these experiences are not often shared. This qualitative study focuses on the research communication and policy influencing objectives, strategies and experiences of four research consortia working on SRH, HIV and AIDS. Methods We carried out 22 in-depth interviews with researchers and communications specialists (research actors) from the four consortia and their partners, working in nine countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Using the ‘framework’ approach to qualitative data analysis, we identified factors that affect the interaction of research evidence with policy and practice. We used the ODI RAPID analytical framework to present these results, adapting this tool by incorporating the actions, strategies and positionality of research actors. Results The characteristics of researchers and their institutions, policy context, the multiplicity of actors, and the nature of the research evidence all play a role in policy influencing processes. Research actors perceived a trend towards increasingly intensive and varied communication approaches. Effective influencing strategies include making strategic alliances and coalitions and framing research evidence in ways that are most attractive to particular policy audiences. Tensions include the need to identify and avoid unnecessary communication or unintended impacts, challenges in assessing and attributing impact and the need for adequate resources and skills for communications work. Conclusions We contend that the adapted RAPID framework can serve as a tool for research actors to use in resolving these tensions, through facilitating a reflexive approach to considering their own combination of attributes, skills, networks and objectives and the ways these relate to policy contexts, actors and processes. PMID:21679385

  6. Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Joseph Eric

    2001-01-01

    Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

  7. Self-Determination and the Use of Self-Presentation Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melissa A. Lewis; Clayton Neighbors

    2005-01-01

    The authors evaluated the relationships among individual differences in self-determination and self-presentation. The authors expected less self-determined individuals to report engaging in self-presentation strategies more frequently. To be more specific, the authors expected higher autonomy scores to be associated with the use of fewer self-presentation strategies, whereas they expected higher controlled and higher impersonal orientation scores to be associated with

  8. Developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence (DECIDE): protocol and preliminary results

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Healthcare decision makers face challenges when using guidelines, including understanding the quality of the evidence or the values and preferences upon which recommendations are made, which are often not clear. Methods GRADE is a systematic approach towards assessing the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations in healthcare. GRADE also gives advice on how to go from evidence to decisions. It has been developed to address the weaknesses of other grading systems and is now widely used internationally. The Developing and Evaluating Communication Strategies to Support Informed Decisions and Practice Based on Evidence (DECIDE) consortium (http://www.decide-collaboration.eu/), which includes members of the GRADE Working Group and other partners, will explore methods to ensure effective communication of evidence-based recommendations targeted at key stakeholders: healthcare professionals, policymakers, and managers, as well as patients and the general public. Surveys and interviews with guideline producers and other stakeholders will explore how presentation of the evidence could be improved to better meet their information needs. We will collect further stakeholder input from advisory groups, via consultations and user testing; this will be done across a wide range of healthcare systems in Europe, North America, and other countries. Targeted communication strategies will be developed, evaluated in randomized trials, refined, and assessed during the development of real guidelines. Discussion Results of the DECIDE project will improve the communication of evidence-based healthcare recommendations. Building on the work of the GRADE Working Group, DECIDE will develop and evaluate methods that address communication needs of guideline users. The project will produce strategies for communicating recommendations that have been rigorously evaluated in diverse settings, and it will support the transfer of research into practice in healthcare systems globally. PMID:23302501

  9. Vernacular design based on sustainable disaster's mitigation communication and education strategy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mansoor, Alvanov Zpalanzani

    2015-04-01

    Indonesia is located between three active tectonic plates, which are prone to natural disasters such as earthquake, volcanic eruption, and also giant tidal wave-tsunami. Adequate infrastructure plays an important role in disaster mitigation, yet without good public awareness, the mitigation process won't be succeeded. The absence of awareness can lead to infrastructure mistreatment. Several reports on lack of understanding or misinterpretation of disaster mitigation especially from rural and coastal communities need to be solved, especially from communication aspects. This is an interdisciplinary study on disaster mitigation communication design and education strategy from visual communication design studies paradigm. This paper depicts research results which applying vernacular design base to elaborate sustainable mitigation communication and education strategy on various visual media and social campaigns. This paper also describes several design approaches which may becomes way to elaborate sustainable awareness and understanding on disaster mitigation among rural and coastal communities in Indonesia.

  10. Reality Presentation and Communication: A Comparative Discussion of the Smithsonian Institution and The Washington Post as Communications Structures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Lisa St. Clair

    A comparative study of two types of media, a newspaper and a museum, reveals substantive differences in the ways each of these communications organizations alters the information which it presents to the public. Interviews conducted with spokespeople from the Washington Post and the Smithsonian Institution focused on three major theories of…

  11. COMMUNICATING ASTRONOMY IN EUROPE: Strategies and Challenges in International Organisations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barrosa, Mariana

    2007-08-01

    How much do Europeans really know about science and technology? What do they think about it? For more than a decade, the European Union (EU) has carried out regular surveys to measure public opinion and knowledge on a variety of themes across its member states. One survey carried out in early 2005 is of particular interest to science communication - "Europeans, Science and Technology". It's easy to see that science and technology are racing along faster than ever and you would think that people's knowledge and interest of science and technology would be keeping pace. Unfortunately, that is not the case. Over the past few years, Europeans' overall interest in science and technology has decreased. Astronomy plays a special role within public science communication. It serves as a general science "catcher", not only for young people. Astronomy embraces core sciences such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and geology as well as technical disciplines including optics, observational techniques and data analysis. Astronomy reaches wide into the realm of philosophy; it rubs shoulders with religion and is at the core of many science fiction stories. In short, astronomy attracts a wide spectrum of people and may serve as a powerful vehicle for improving the public awareness and understanding of science. Several key International Organisations like the European Space Agency (ESA), the European Southern Observatory (ESO), Europlanet and the International Astronomical Union (IAU) work in Astronomy and Space Sciences in Europe. As well as a general overview of the outreach and communication actions of some of these Organisations, focus will be made in specific cases and examples in the context of these organisations. 2009 will be the International Year of Astronomy. It will be interesting to see how these European Organisations are getting ready for this ultimate science communication challenge.

  12. Effective communication strategies to help patients and caregivers cope with moderate-to-severe Alzheimer's disease.

    PubMed

    Dougherty, Jan

    2015-03-01

    As the number of people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) increases, clinicians must learn to educate patients and their caregivers about the communication problems associated with different stages of illness. Patients with AD will experience varying degrees of language impairments, concentration problems, and difficulty expressing themselves. Caregivers can learn to avoid common communication mistakes, such as correcting, reasoning with, and arguing with the person with AD. By equipping caregivers with strategies to aid verbal and nonverbal communication, clinicians can improve the interactions between patients with AD and their caregivers and lessen frustration on both sides. PMID:25830469

  13. Language development at 18 months is related to multimodal communicative strategies at 12 months.

    PubMed

    Igualada, Alfonso; Bosch, Laura; Prieto, Pilar

    2015-05-01

    The present study investigated the degree to which an infants' use of simultaneous gesture-speech combinations during controlled social interactions predicts later language development. Nineteen infants participated in a declarative pointing task involving three different social conditions: two experimental conditions (a) available, when the adult was visually attending to the infant but did not attend to the object of reference jointly with the child, and (b) unavailable, when the adult was not visually attending to neither the infant nor the object; and (c) a baseline condition, when the adult jointly engaged with the infant's object of reference. At 12 months of age measures related to infants' speech-only productions, pointing-only gestures, and simultaneous pointing-speech combinations were obtained in each of the three social conditions. Each child's lexical and grammatical output was assessed at 18 months of age through parental report. Results revealed a significant interaction between social condition and type of communicative production. Specifically, only simultaneous pointing-speech combinations increased in frequency during the available condition compared to baseline, while no differences were found for speech-only and pointing-only productions. Moreover, simultaneous pointing-speech combinations in the available condition at 12 months positively correlated with lexical and grammatical development at 18 months of age. The ability to selectively use this multimodal communicative strategy to engage the adult in joint attention by drawing his attention toward an unseen event or object reveals 12-month-olds' clear understanding of referential cues that are relevant for language development. This strategy to successfully initiate and maintain joint attention is related to language development as it increases learning opportunities from social interactions. PMID:25756420

  14. Presentations of the Ninth Advanced Communications Technology Satellite Propagation Studies Workshop (APSW IX)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser (Editor)

    1997-01-01

    The Advanced Communications Technology Satellite Propagation Studies Workshop (APSW) is convened each year to present the results of the ACTS Propagation Campaign. Representatives from the satellite communications (satcom) industry, academia, and government are invited to APSW for discussions and exchange of information. The ACTS Propagation campaign is completing three years of Ka-Band data collection at seven sites in North America. Through this effort, NASA is making a major contribution to growth of satcom services by providing timely propagation data and models for predicting the performance of Ka-Band satellite communications systems.

  15. Management and Training across Cultures: Importance of Non-Verbal Communication Strategies--A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potoker, Elaine

    Noting that cross-cultural and language barriers pose formidable challenges to managers, a case study examined the application of selective nonverbal communication strategies (nonverbal cues, learning by observation, and the organization of learning) for management and training development efforts within diverse cultural environments. Source…

  16. STRATOP: A Model for Designing Effective Product and Communication Strategies. Paper No. 470.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pessemier, Edgar A.

    The STRATOP algorithm was developed to help planners and proponents find and test effectively designed choice objects and communication strategies. Choice objects can range from complex social, scientific, military, or educational alternatives to simple economic alternatives between assortments of branded convenience goods. Two classes of measured…

  17. Anticipatory Democracy and Citizen Involvement: Strategies for Communication Education for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flory, Joyce

    This report describes the "anticipatory democracy" movement, which advocates citizen participation and awareness of future problems, and suggests instructional strategies for the field of communication to increase both students' and community members' future-consciousness and involvement in society. Specific topics of concern are the formation of…

  18. Communication Strategies in the Writing of Scientific Research Articles by Non-native Users of English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sionis, Claude

    1995-01-01

    This article compares the communication strategies used by representatives of two generations of French scientists (pre- and postcommunicative language teaching) in the writing of research articles in English-language scientific journals. It focuses on the relationships between general argumentative language and hard-core mathematical language in…

  19. Developing Mathematics Written Communication through Expository Writing Supported by Assessment Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santos, Leonor; Semana, Sílvia

    2015-01-01

    This study concerns expository writing in mathematics as well as the contribution of assessment strategies to the development of mathematics communication. We studied four 8th grade students (aged 12-13) working in a group, in order to perform three expository writing tasks, which were assisted by feedback and the use of supporting assessment…

  20. Conditional transmissions: performances study of a new communication strategy in VANET

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Conditional transmissions: performances study of a new communication strategy in VANET Bertrand networks (VANET), a special case of highly dynamic networks. VANET may allow to enhance road safety Ad hoc NETwork (VANET) is character- ized by a strong mobility of the nodes, a high dynamic

  1. The spoken language of disadvantaged children in Israel ? a look at some pragmatic strategies of communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gloria Sheintuch

    1981-01-01

    This paper addresses the question of whether so?called “disadvantaged”; children are indeed, as has often been suggested, deficient both linguistically and in mental capacities. Two interviews with Israeli children from disadvantaged and privileged populations are carefully examined. It is shown that disadvantaged children practice the same types of pragmatic strategies of communication as privileged children, although their actual linguistic performance

  2. Teaching a Distance Education Version of the Technical Communication Service Course: Timesaving Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Battalio, John T.

    2006-01-01

    The author has taught a distance education version of the undergraduate technical communication service course at Boise State University since 1997 and shares the strategies he has found to decrease the time instructors spend teaching online, thereby enabling them to use the time they do have to enhance their students' online experience. These…

  3. Communication Strategies Used by High School English Language Learners in Multilingual Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spromberg, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    In this study, twenty-five high school English language learners were observed in their classrooms in a New York City public school while they worked in small groups. All observations were video recorded or done by the researcher while in the classrooms. The videos were then transcribed. Communication strategies that the participants used were…

  4. Teacher Talk in the Immersion Classroom: Strategies to Communicate in the Target Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veque, Catherine

    2005-01-01

    This article reports on strategies used by immersion teachers to modify their speech in order to maintain the use of the target language while sustaining interactive communication and the concomitant teaching of the content and the second language. This classroom-based research, undertaken at Methodist Ladies College (MLC) in Melbourne, sources…

  5. Communicator Age and Sex Role Orientation Differences in Preferred Relationship Termination Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baxter, Leslie A.; Philpott, Jeffrey

    A study examined two factors thought to affect an individual's preference for confrontation or avoidance strategies when ending a relationship--communicator age and sex role orientation. Subjects were 29 fifth grade students, 64 high school sophomores, 43 college students, and 37 adults enrolled in a night class. All subjects read a scenario from…

  6. Evolutionary strategy to apply information and communication technology: a case study in the apparel industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jyh-Hong Ding; Ping-Shun Chen; Jung Lyu

    2011-01-01

    The apparel industry is a demand-driven and highly globalised industry. Apparel manufacturers must adjust their strategies and redeploy supply chain positions in order to meet the customer demand. This research adopts the value chain theory and value proposition theory to analyse the development stage of e-business of the apparel case company. The case company applies the suitable information and communication

  7. Versatile communication strategies among tandem WW domain repeats

    PubMed Central

    Dodson, Emma Joy; Fishbain-Yoskovitz, Vered; Rotem-Bamberger, Shahar

    2015-01-01

    Interactions mediated by short linear motifs in proteins play major roles in regulation of cellular homeostasis since their transient nature allows for easy modulation. We are still far from a full understanding and appreciation of the complex regulation patterns that can be, and are, achieved by this type of interaction. The fact that many linear-motif-binding domains occur in tandem repeats in proteins indicates that their mutual communication is used extensively to obtain complex integration of information toward regulatory decisions. This review is an attempt to overview, and classify, different ways by which two and more tandem repeats cooperate in binding to their targets, in the well-characterized family of WW domains and their corresponding polyproline ligands. PMID:25710931

  8. Self-presentation and the door-in-the-face-strategy 

    E-print Network

    Lambers, Scott M.

    1980-01-01

    SELF-PRESENTATION AND THE DOOR-IN-THE-FACE-STRATEGY A Thesis by SCOTT M. LAMBERS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 19BO Major... Subject; Psychology SELF-PRESENTATION AND THE DOOR-IN-THE-FACE-STRATEGY A Thesis by Scott M. Lambers Approved as to style and content by CP an of Committee Head of Department (diem er Mem er v?Zm. em er ABSTRACT Self-Presentation And The Door...

  9. Communication strategies for enhancing understanding of the behavioral implications of genetic and biomarker tests for disease risk: The role of coherence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda D. CameronTheresa; Theresa M. Marteau; Paul M. BrownWilliam; William M. P. Klein; Kerry A. Sherman

    Individuals frequently have difficulty understanding how behavior can reduce genetically-conferred risk for diseases such\\u000a as colon cancer. With increasing opportunities to purchase genetic tests, communication strategies are needed for presenting\\u000a information in ways that optimize comprehension and adaptive behavior. Using the Common-Sense Model, we tested the efficacy\\u000a of a strategy for providing information about the relationships (links) among the physiological

  10. The Effects of Varying Pictorial Detail and Presentation Strategy on Concept Formation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorman, Don A.

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of varying pictorial detail and presentation strategy on learners of varying grade levels in a visually transmitted concept formation task. Specifically, line drawings containing only relevant details and halftones containing relevant and irrelevant detail were presented successively and…

  11. Integrating Lecture Capture as a Teaching Strategy to Improve Student Presentation Skills through Self-Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Charlene M.; Sodano, Todd M.

    2011-01-01

    As digital natives from the "wired" Net Generation permeate today's classrooms, and educators adapt to students' digital expectations, exploring the pedagogical use of educational technology is essential for today's faculty. Student competency in oral communication and presentation skills transcends disciplines in higher education, as does the…

  12. Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (Anaheim, California, January 31-February 4, 1990).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; Hargrave, Connie, Ed.

    Current issues in educational communications and technology are addressed in this collection of 47 conference papers in which research reports predominate. Topics discussed include factors related to the learner, e.g., learning strategies, information processing, spatial ability, cognitive style, and cognitive strategies. Presentation format and…

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION, VOL. 51, NO. 1, MARCH 2008 63 Learning Strategies in Online Collaborative Examinations

    E-print Network

    Bieber, Michael

    small group activities online. Students' learning strategies, including deep learning and collaborative of their effects on learning strategies. Index Terms--Collaborative examinations, collaborative learning, deepIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION, VOL. 51, NO. 1, MARCH 2008 63 Learning Strategies

  14. NASA's Agency-Wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duda, Kristen; Scroggins, Sharon

    2008-01-01

    NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research. To help enable existing and future programs to pursue this mission, NASA has established the Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC) to proactively identify, analyze, and communicate environmental regulatory risks to the NASA community. The RRAC PC is chartered to evaluate the risks posed to NASA Programs and facilities by environmentally related drivers. The RRAC PC focuses on emerging environmental regulations, as well as risks related to operational changes that can trigger existing environmental requirements. Changing regulations have the potential to directly affect program activities. For example, regulatory changes can restrict certain activities or operations by mandating changes in how operations may be done or limiting where or how certain operations can take place. Regulatory changes also can directly affect the ability to use certain materials by mandating a production phase-out or restricting usage applications of certain materials. Such changes can result in NASA undertaking material replacement efforts. Even if a regulation does not directly affect NASA operations, U.S. and international regulations can pose program risks indirectly through requirements levied on manufacturers and vendors of components and materials. For example, manufacturers can change their formulations to comply with new regulatory requirements. Such changes can require time-consuming and costly requalification certification for use in human spaceflight programs. The RRAC PC has implemented several strategies for proactively managing regulatory change to minimize potential adverse impacts to NASA Programs and facilities. This presentation highlights the lessons learned through establishing the RRAC PC, the process by which the RRAC PC monitors and distributes information about emerging regulatory requirements, and the cross-Agency cooperation that is vital to supporting NASA's mission.

  15. Social Utility versus Social Desirability of Students' Attributional Self-Presentation Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matteucci, Maria Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Research on impression management has shown that students can manage their social images by providing attributional self-presentation strategies (ASPSs). Based on the distinction between social desirability judgments and social utility judgments, two studies were conducted to examine the students' understanding of the impact of ASPSs both on…

  16. A Green Strategy for Federated and Heterogeneous Clouds with Communicating Workloads

    PubMed Central

    Plà, Lluis M.; Lérida, Josep Ll.

    2014-01-01

    Providers of cloud environments must tackle the challenge of configuring their system to provide maximal performance while minimizing the cost of resources used. However, at the same time, they must guarantee an SLA (service-level agreement) to the users. The SLA is usually associated with a certain level of QoS (quality of service). As response time is perhaps the most widely used QoS metric, it was also the one chosen in this work. This paper presents a green strategy (GS) model for heterogeneous cloud systems. We provide a solution for heterogeneous job-communicating tasks and heterogeneous VMs that make up the nodes of the cloud. In addition to guaranteeing the SLA, the main goal is to optimize energy savings. The solution results in an equation that must be solved by a solver with nonlinear capabilities. The results obtained from modelling the policies to be executed by a solver demonstrate the applicability of our proposal for saving energy and guaranteeing the SLA. PMID:25478589

  17. Communicating the Urgency and Challenge of Global Climate Change: Lessons Learned and New Strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dilling, L.; Moser, S. C.

    2004-12-01

    Climate change can sometimes be characterized as a "creeping environmental problem"--it is complex and long-term, involves long system lags, lacks the immediacy of everyday experience and thus is hard to perceive, and feels overwhelming to most individuals. Climate change thus does not typically attain the status of an urgent concern, taking priority over other matters for individuals, organizations or in the policy arena. We review the major reasons behind this lack of urgency, and document the observed consequences of previous communication strategies, including lack of public understanding, indifference, confusion, fear and uncertainty. We find that certain emotional motivators such as fear and guilt, while oft-employed, do not actually result in improved recognition of the urgency of the issue, nor do they typically result in action. Rather, positive and engaging approaches may be more likely to achieve this goal. We propose seven strategies to improve the communication of climate change and its urgency: 1) Abide by basic communication rules and heed the warnings of communication experts; 2) Address the emotional and the temporal components of "urgency"; 3) Increase the persuasiveness of the message; 4) Use trusted messengers-broaden the circle; 5) Use opportunities well; 6) Tap into individual and cultural strengths and values; and 7) Unite and Conquer. The multi-faceted nature of the proposed strategies reflects the unique challenges of the climate change issue as well as the need to engage all levels and sectors of societies in the solution, from individuals, to businesses, to governments. These strategies and results emerged from a multi-disciplinary, academic/practitioner workshop on the topic held at NCAR in summer 2004.

  18. From Colfiorito to L'Aquila Earthquake: learning from the past to communicating the risk of the present

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lanza, T.; Crescimbene, M.; La Longa, F.

    2012-04-01

    Italy is a country at risk of impending earthquake in the near future. Very probably, as it has already happened in the 13 years between the last two important seismic events (Colfiorito 1997- L'Aquila 2009), there won't be enough time to solve all the problems connected to seismic risk: first of all the corruption related to politics concerning buildings; the lack of the money necessary to strengthen the already existing ones, historical centres, monuments and the masterpieces of Art; the difficult relations of the Institutions with the traditional media (newspapers, radio and TV) and, at the same time, the new media (web); the difficulties for scientists to reach important results in the immediate future due to the lack of funding and, last but not least, to the conflicting relationships inside the scientific community itself. In this scenario, communication and education play a crucial role in minimizing the risk of the population. In the present work we reconsider the past with the intent of starting to trace a path for a future strategy of risk communication where everybody involved, included the population, should do his best in order to face the next emergency.

  19. Female Subjective Strategies in Post-Franco Spain as Presented by Rosa Montero and Lucía Etxebarria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristin Amber Kiely

    2008-01-01

    This project studies the subjective strategies that Rosa Montero and Lucía Etxebarria present in post-Franco Spain. I approached this study with an understanding that Spain’s society since the death of Franco is still changing, and its people were still coming to terms with this new order. Spanish literature has reflected this change and the people’s desire to find their place

  20. IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 1999 1 Optimal Memory Management Strategies For

    E-print Network

    Tassiulas, Leandros

    IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 1999 2 Abstract Recently data broadcasting has been consideredIEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 1999 1 Optimal Memory Management Strategies For a Mobile User in a Broadcast Data Delivery System Leandros Tassiulas, Chi­Jiun Su

  1. Employees' Choices in Learning How to Use Information and Communication Technology Systems at Work: Strategies and Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korpelainen, Eija; Kira, Mari

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to promote the understanding of how employees learn to use information and communication technology (ICT) systems at work. The elements of a learning activity in the context of ICT use are identified from the literature. In particular, approaches to learning, learning strategies and problem-solving strategies are…

  2. Communication strategies to help reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases: Proceedings from the inaugural IFIC Foundation Global Diet and Physical Activity Communications Summit

    PubMed Central

    Fernstrom, Madelyn H; Reed, Kimberly A; Rahavi, Elizabeth B; Dooher, Carrie C

    2012-01-01

    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which include cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes, all of which are associated with the common risk factors of poor diet and insufficient physical activity, caused 63% of all deaths globally in 2008. The increasing discussion of global NCDs, including at the 2011 United Nations General Assembly High-level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases, and a request for multi-stakeholder engagement, prompted the International Food Information Council Foundation to sponsor the Global Diet and Physical Activity Communications Summit: “Insights to Motivate Healthful, Active Lifestyles” on September 19, 2011, in New York City. The Summit brought together a diverse group of stakeholders, representing 34 nations from governments; communication, health, nutrition, and fitness professions; civil society; nonprofits; academia; and the private sector. The Summit provided expert insights and best practices for the use of science-based, behavior-focused communications to motivate individuals to achieve healthful, active lifestyles, with the goal of reducing the prevalence of NCDs. Presented here are some of the highlights and key findings from the Summit. PMID:22537216

  3. Clinical handover as an interactive event: informational and interactional communication strategies in effective shift-change handovers.

    PubMed

    Eggins, Suzanne; Slade, Diana

    2012-01-01

    Clinical handover -- the transfer between clinicians of responsibility and accountability for patients and their care (AMA 2006) -- is a pivotal and high-risk communicative event in hospital practice. Studies focusing on critical incidents, mortality, risk and patient harm in hospitals have highlighted ineffective communication -- including incomplete and unstructured clinical handovers -- as a major contributing factor (NSW Health 2005; ACSQHC 2010). In Australia, as internationally, Health Departments and hospital management have responded by introducing standardised handover communication protocols. This paper problematises one such protocol - the ISBAR tool - and argues that the narrow understanding of communication on which such protocols are based may seriously constrain their ability to shape effective handovers. Based on analysis of audio-recorded shift-change clinical handovers between medical staff we argue that handover communication must be conceptualised as inherently interactive and that attempts to describe, model and teach handover practice must recognise both informational and interactive communication strategies. By comparing the communicative performance of participants in authentic handover events we identify communication strategies that are more and less likely to lead to an effective handover and demonstrate the importance of focusing close up on communication to improve the quality and safety of healthcare interactions. PMID:24575676

  4. Resisting pressure from peers to engage in sexual behavior: What communication strategies do early adolescent Latino Girls use?

    PubMed Central

    Norris, Anne E.; Pettigrew, Jonathan; Miller-Day, Michelle; Hecht, Michael L.; Hutchison, Janet; Campoe, Kristi

    2015-01-01

    A content analysis of early adolescent (M=12.02 years) Latino girls’ (n=44) responses to open-ended questions imbedded in an electronic survey was conducted to explore strategies girls may use to resist peer pressure with respect to sexual behavior. Analysis yielded 341 codable response units, 74% of which were consistent with the REAL typology (i.e., refuse, explain, avoid, and leave) previously identified in adolescent substance use research. However, strategies reflecting a lack of resistance (11%) and inconsistency with communication competence (e.g., aggression, involving authorities) were also noted (15%). Frequency of particular strategies varied according to offer type, suggesting a variety of strategies may be needed to resist the peer pressure that puts early adolescent girls at risk for engaging in sexual behavior. Findings argue for universality of the REAL typology, building communication competence skills for conflict resolution in dating situations, and including peer resistance strategies in adolescent pregnancy prevention programs. PMID:26146434

  5. Should they learn to interrupt? Workplace communication strategies Australian women managers forecast as effective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Barrett

    2004-01-01

    The paper discusses some gender debates in linguistic behaviour and suggests how scenario-based research techniques may contribute. It then presents a survey-based study of 157 Australian female, organisationally senior, managers. For each of three workplace communication dilemmas, participants evaluated a series of strategic responses, indicating both how effective and how probable they thought the responses were. Despite the participants’ seniority

  6. Qualitative assessment of study materials and communication strategies used in studies that include DNA collection.

    PubMed

    Jenkins, Mary M; Reed-Gross, Erika; Barfield, Wanda D; Prue, Christine E; Gallagher, Margaret L; Rasmussen, Sonja A; Honein, Margaret A

    2011-11-01

    To understand motivations and barriers to participation in studies that include DNA collection, focus group discussions were held with mothers who had participated in a case-control study of birth defects. Recruited mothers had completed an interview and had received a mailed kit containing cytobrushes to collect buccal cells for DNA from herself, her infant, and her infant's father. Six moderator-led focus groups were attended by a total of 38 women residing in Atlanta, Georgia. Focus groups were segmented by DNA collection status (biologics participants or nonparticipants), infant case-control status, infant birthweight, and maternal race and ethnicity. This report assesses maternal attitudes toward study materials and communication strategies. Across groups, respondents expressed concern about how their contact information was obtained. Study materials were described as clear and professional by most women, although some respondents reported confusion about disclosure of individual genetic results. Respondents generally reported that monetary incentives were not a motivation to participate, but increased perceived study legitimacy. Biologics nonparticipants expressed concerns about kit component sterility; government involvement; and DNA sample use, storage, and disposal. Respondents suggested that investigators provide feedback on whether sample collection was performed correctly and provide materials targeted to fathers to help alleviate paternal skepticism. Participation in DNA collection might be improved by strengthening study materials and communication strategies. PMID:21976456

  7. Clean Energy Manufacturing: U.S. Competitiveness and State Policy Strategies (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Lantz, E.

    2014-02-01

    The capital intensive nature of clean energy technologies suggests that manufacturing clean energy equipment has the potential to support state and local economic development efforts. However, manufacturing siting decisions tend to be complex and multi-variable decision processes that require in-depth knowledge of specific markets, the logistical requirements of a given technology, and insight into global clean tech trends. This presentation highlights the potential of manufacturing in supporting economic development opportunities while also providing examples of the financial considerations affecting manufacturing facility siting decisions for wind turbine blades and solar PV. The presentation also includes discussion of other more qualitative drivers of facility siting decisions as gleaned from NREL industry interviews and discusses strategies state and local policymakers may employee to bolster their chances of successfully attracting clean energy manufacturers to their localities.

  8. Learning Our Way into Communication: The Making of the Communication and Information Strategy "with" the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme in Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez, Ricardo

    2005-01-01

    This paper reports on the making of the Communication and Information Strategy with the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme (NAADS) in Uganda. The NAADS is a new organization in government responsible for the implementation of a demand-driven agricultural extension approach. The new extension approach calls for fundamental changes in…

  9. Explaining the unexplainable: designing a national strategy on classroom communication concerning the 22 July terror attack in Norway

    PubMed Central

    Schultz, Jon-Håkon; Langballe, Åse; Raundalen, Magne

    2014-01-01

    Background In the context of crisis and disasters, school-aged children are a vulnerable group with fewer coping resources than adults. The school is a key arena for preventive interventions; teachers can be given a key role in large-scale school-based interventions following a man-made or natural disaster. Objectives This paper describes a practical example of designing a school-based population-level intervention. Methods The preventive measures were delivered as a national communication strategy between teachers and pupils aged 6–19 concerning the terror attack on 22 July 2011 in Norway. The strategy is based on principles from international research. Results The presentation contributes to the discussion of defining the teacher's role in school-based crisis interventions and dealing with high-intensity media coverage of war, terror, and catastrophes. Conclusions The presentation provides educational and psychological perspectives on how teachers can take an active role in helping pupils to deal with such events through two approaches: the therapeutic approach, to restore calm and feelings of safety; and the educational approach, to foster reflection and deeper understanding. PMID:25018859

  10. Strategies for medical data extraction and presentation part 1: current limitations and deficiencies.

    PubMed

    Reiner, Bruce

    2015-04-01

    Data overload is a burgeoning challenge for the medical imaging community; with resulting technical, clinical, and economic ramifications. A primary concern for radiologists is the timely, efficient, and accurate extraction of imaging and clinical data, which collectively are essential in determining accurate diagnosis. In current practice, imaging data retrieval is limited by the fact that imaging and report data are de-coupled from one another, along with the non-standardized and often ambiguous free text data contained within narrative radiology reports. Clinical data retrieval is equally challenging and flawed by the lack of information system integration, paucity of clinical order entry data, and diminished role of the technologist in providing clinical data. These combined factors have the potential to adversely affect radiologist performance and clinical outcomes by diminishing workflow, report accuracy, and diagnostic confidence. New and innovative strategies are required to improve and automate data extraction and presentation, in a context- and user-specific fashion. PMID:25666903

  11. Garnering input for recycling communication strategies at a Big Ten University

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael D. Kaplowitz; Felix K. Yeboah; Laurie Thorp; Aimee M. Wilson

    2009-01-01

    With increasing environmental challenges confronting our planet, colleges and universities are trying different approaches for minimizing their adverse environmental impacts. Among the approaches being used to revitalize campus sustainability efforts, new waste management strategies have included attempts to improve campus-recycling programs. This paper presents select findings from a comprehensive study at a large, Tier I university aimed at, among other

  12. The Missing Role of Parents: A Content Analysis of Newspaper Coverage of Parenting Practices and Communication Strategies for Addressing Binge Drinking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Natoshia M. Askelson; Shelly Campo; Teresa Mastin; Mary Slonske

    2009-01-01

    Parents can employ communication strategies to prevent alcohol use among college students. This investigation utilizes content analysis to examine the coverage of parent-related strategies in 32 newspapers over the last decade. Of the 255 articles related to college drinking, only 49 mentioned one or more parenting strategies. The most frequently mentioned strategies were parental notification of their child's problem behavior

  13. P.U.R.E. Communication: A Strategy to Improve Care-Coordination for High Risk Birth

    PubMed Central

    Gephart, Sheila M.; Cholette, Meghan

    2012-01-01

    High-risk birth can be an emotionally-charged and sometimes emergent event that requires a cohesive multidisciplinary team. Communication breakdowns in perinatal emergencies are known to contribute to errors and adverse patient outcomes. One approach to breaching these barriers is the Purposeful, Unambiguous, Respectful, and Effective, P.U.R.E. process. P.U.R.E. is a method of communication that emphasizes coordination and recognizes the contributions of each member of the team. The purpose of this article is to describe how the P.U.R.E. process works and how teamwork strategies, group skills training, and structured communication techniques complement it. PMID:22773922

  14. Food Pricing Strategies, Population Diets, and Non-Communicable Disease: A Systematic Review of Simulation Studies

    PubMed Central

    Eyles, Helen; Ni Mhurchu, Cliona; Nghiem, Nhung; Blakely, Tony

    2012-01-01

    Background Food pricing strategies have been proposed to encourage healthy eating habits, which may in turn help stem global increases in non-communicable diseases. This systematic review of simulation studies investigates the estimated association between food pricing strategies and changes in food purchases or intakes (consumption) (objective 1); Health and disease outcomes (objective 2), and whether there are any differences in these outcomes by socio-economic group (objective 3). Methods and Findings Electronic databases, Internet search engines, and bibliographies of included studies were searched for articles published in English between 1 January 1990 and 24 October 2011 for countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Where ?3 studies examined the same pricing strategy and consumption (purchases or intake) or health outcome, results were pooled, and a mean own-price elasticity (own-PE) estimated (the own-PE represents the change in demand with a 1% change in price of that good). Objective 1: pooled estimates were possible for the following: (1) taxes on carbonated soft drinks: own-PE (n?=?4 studies), ?0.93 (range, ?0.06, ?2.43), and a modelled ?0.02% (?0.01%, ?0.04%) reduction in energy (calorie) intake for each 1% price increase (n?=?3 studies); (2) taxes on saturated fat: ?0.02% (?0.01%, ?0.04%) reduction in energy intake from saturated fat per 1% price increase (n?=?5 studies); and (3) subsidies on fruits and vegetables: own-PE (n?=?3 studies), ?0.35 (?0.21, ?0.77). Objectives 2 and 3: variability of food pricing strategies and outcomes prevented pooled analyses, although higher quality studies suggested unintended compensatory purchasing that could result in overall effects being counter to health. Eleven of 14 studies evaluating lower socio-economic groups estimated that food pricing strategies would be associated with pro-health outcomes. Food pricing strategies also have the potential to reduce disparities. Conclusions Based on modelling studies, taxes on carbonated drinks and saturated fat and subsidies on fruits and vegetables would be associated with beneficial dietary change, with the potential for improved health. Additional research into possible compensatory purchasing and population health outcomes is needed. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:23239943

  15. Seasonal and pandemic influenza: the role of communication and preventive strategies.

    PubMed

    Boccia, A; Di Thiene, D; De Giusti, M; La Torre, G

    2011-09-01

    Appropriate, timely, and data-driven health information is a very important issue in preventive strategies against influenza. Intuitively, a link between willingness to be vaccinated against seasonal influenza and against pandemic influenza exists, given the similarities in decision-making for this vaccine. International and national literature reviews suggest that progress has been made in order to incorporate and disseminate crisis risk communication principles into public health practice, as such investments in public health could be important for building capacity and practice which aid in the realization of countermeasures in response to a future pandemic and epidemic situation. This study emphasizes the lack of perception by Health Care Workers (HCWs) of the importance of being immunized against seasonal and pandemic influenza and the doubts concerning safety. In the future, particular efforts are needed during vaccination campaigns, to provide more information to HCWs and the general population regarding role and safety of such vaccines. PMID:22010540

  16. Poster Presentation The primary purpose of the poster presentation is to provide an opportunity to communicate the

    E-print Network

    Poster Presentation Purpose The primary purpose of the poster presentation is to provide. Because poster presentations are usually done in groups, with observers milling around a large room of posters, the presentations are relaxed and more conducive to the exchange of ideas and techniques between

  17. Consumer interpretation of ramipril and clopidogrel medication risk information – implications for risk communication strategies

    PubMed Central

    Tong, Vivien; Raynor, David K; Blalock, Susan J; Aslani, Parisa

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Side effects and side-effect risk information can be provided using written medicine information. However, challenges exist in effectively communicating this information to consumers. This study aimed to explore broad consumer profiles relevant to ramipril and clopidogrel side-effect risk information interpretation. Methods Three focus groups were conducted (n=18 consumers) exploring consumer perspectives, understanding and treatment decision making in response to ramipril and clopidogrel written medicine information leaflets containing side effects and side-effect risk information. All discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed to explore consumer profiles pertaining to side-effect risk appraisal. Results Three consumer profiles emerged: glass half-empty, glass half-full, and middle-of-the-road consumers, highlighting the influence of perceived individual susceptibility, interpretation of side-effect risk information, and interindividual differences, on consumers’ understanding of side-effect risk information. All profiles emphasized the importance of gaining an understanding of individual side-effect risk when taking medicines. Conclusion Written side-effect risk information is not interpreted uniformly by consumers. Consumers formulated their own construct of individual susceptibility to side effects. Health care professionals should consider how consumers interpret side-effect risk information and its impact on medication use. Existing risk communication strategies should be evaluated in light of these profiles to determine their effectiveness in conveying information. PMID:26185427

  18. [Risk perception and strategies for mass communication on dengue in the Americas].

    PubMed

    San Martín, José Luis; Prado, Mónica

    2004-02-01

    Dengue is clearly a very serious public health problem. In the Americas the number of dengue cases has been increasing since the 1960s, and outbreaks of the disease have been occurring more frequently. Furthermore, the density of infestation with the disease vector, the Aedes aegypti mosquito, is high in the Americas. The general strategy for preventing and controlling dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever is based on promoting behavior changes that lead to incorporating the community in controlling the disease, particularly the vector. In order to achieve this, mass communication programs on dengue should have two primary aims: converting information into practice and encouraging the community to take over prevention and control measures. The new generation of programs should be designed based on the local sanitation structure (water distribution and waste disposal) as well as information on community organizations and the roles of different family members. Furthermore, the new programs should incorporate all the following ten components: epidemiological surveillance, intersectoral actions, community participation, managing the environment and basic services, patient care, case reporting, education, using insecticides and vector control, training, and preparing for emergencies. Communication should be aimed at modifying the behavior of individuals and the community by empowering them to carry out prevention and control measures. PMID:15030659

  19. A Closer Look at Some Interlanguage Terminology: A Framework for Communication Strategies. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarone, Elaine; And Others

    This paper attempts to provide a framework within which the terminology used to talk about the learner's interlanguage may be defined so as to represent categories of types of interlanguage phenomena which are often discussed by teachers and researchers interested in second language acquisition. Several distinct types of "communication strategies"…

  20. Communication strategies and agricultural development in 1950s China: The early years of the people's republic of China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susanna Hornig

    1990-01-01

    The success of the post?1949 transformation of the People's Republic of China (PRO rested on innovative solutions to communication problems. This article compares strategies used in two early agricultural campaigns. The principles embodied can be applied beyond the unique conditions of rural China in the 1950s.

  1. Internship/Co-op Syllabus Course Business Communication Adding More Value to Your Internship "Success Strategies for

    E-print Network

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Speaking Recommendations Collect and share public speaking tips that provide specific techniques "Success Strategies for Writing and Speaking" Mandatory Seminar For Registered Students: Tuesday, September but lack writing and speaking skills, they will likely select those who communicate well. One advocate

  2. Applying Future Studies Methods to Understanding the Impact of University Information and Communication Technology Strategies on Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aczel, J. C.; Hardy, P.

    2007-01-01

    This article aims to explore the potential of certain future studies techniques to provide insight into the question of the impact of higher education information and communication technology (ICT) strategies on student learning. The approach is to consider three case studies of new universities in different countries, and to identify the main…

  3. Successful Information and Communication Technology Implementation Strategies for Rural Communities: An Investigation of Tech-Based Economic Development Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Donna Annette

    2009-01-01

    Many rural communities across America face several obstacles in the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) initiatives and struggle with the best approaches for leveraging these elements into an economic development strategy. These obstacles include: lack of quality local ICTs infrastructure, funding, inability to…

  4. Evaluation of the Parent-Implemented Communication Strategies (PiCS) Project Using the Multiattribute Utility (MAU) Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoner, Julia B.; Meadan, Hedda; Angell, Maureen E.; Daczewitz, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    We conducted a multiattribute utility (MAU) evaluation to assess the Parent-Implemented Communication Strategies (PiCS) project which was funded by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES). In the PiCS project parents of young children with developmental disabilities are trained and coached in their homes on naturalistic and visual teaching…

  5. “That's just a basic teen?age rule”;: Girls’ linguistic strategies for managing the menstrual communication taboo

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth Arveda Kissling

    1996-01-01

    Powerful social taboos dictate that menstruation should not be discussed socially. Adolescent girls, however, frequently feel a need to talk about menstruation and to share information about it, but they are usually embarrassed to talk about menstruation. Their efforts to avoid and prevent this embarrassment while meeting their communication needs have led them to develop creative linguistic strategies such as

  6. Evaluating risk communication: Narrative vs. technical presentations of information about radon

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dominic Golding; Sheldon Krimsky; Alonzo Plough

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports on an experiment to test the hypothesis that people respond better to risk communication that reflects more closely the conditions of their social and cultural lives. The experiment used the case of radon to determine whether technical or narrative forms of risk communication were more effective at drawing people`s attention, imparting information, and modifying behavior. Two series

  7. vol. 167, no. 2 the american naturalist february 2006 Anther Evolution: Pollen Presentation Strategies

    E-print Network

    Thomson, James D.

    . Theory suggests that a plant's pollen dosing strategy should evolve to match the abundance and pollen Strategies When Pollinators Differ Maria Clara Castellanos,1,* Paul Wilson,2, Sarah J. Keller,3, Andrea D-0147/2006/16702-40698$15.00. All rights reserved. Keywords: floral evolution, pollen dispensing, sexual selection, male- male

  8. Parents' Adoption of Social Communication Intervention Strategies: Families Including Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Who are Minimally Verbal.

    PubMed

    Shire, Stephanie Y; Goods, Kelly; Shih, Wendy; Distefano, Charlotte; Kaiser, Ann; Wright, Courtney; Mathy, Pamela; Landa, Rebecca; Kasari, Connie

    2015-06-01

    Notably absent from the intervention literature are parent training programs targeting school-aged children with autism who have limited communication skills (Tager-Flusberg and Kasari in Autism Res 6:468-478, 2013). Sixty-one children with autism age 5-8 with minimal spontaneous communication received a 6-month social communication intervention including parent training. Parent-child play interactions were coded for parents' strategy implementation and children's time jointly engaged (Adamson et al. in J Autism Dev Disord 39:84-96, 2009). Parents mastered an average of 70 % of the strategies. Further analyses indicated some gains in implementation occurred from mere observation of sessions, while the greatest gains occurred in the first month of active coaching and workshops. Children's joint engagement was associated with parents' implementation success across time demonstrating parents' implementation was relevant to children's social engagement. PMID:25475363

  9. Matched and Mismatched Appraisals of the Effectiveness of Communication Strategies by Family Caregivers of Persons with Alzheimer's Disease

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savundranayagam, Marie Y.; Orange, J. B.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Communication problems stemming from Alzheimer's disease (AD) often result in misunderstandings that can be linked with problem behaviours and increased caregiver stress. Moreover, these communication breakdowns also can result either from caregivers' use of ineffective communication strategies, which paradoxically are…

  10. Cortical Inhibition Reduces Information Redundancy at Presentation of Communication Sounds in the Primary Auditory Cortex

    PubMed Central

    Gaucher, Quentin; Huetz, Chloé; Gourévitch, Boris

    2013-01-01

    In all sensory modalities, intracortical inhibition shapes the functional properties of cortical neurons but also influences the responses to natural stimuli. Studies performed in various species have revealed that auditory cortex neurons respond to conspecific vocalizations by temporal spike patterns displaying a high trial-to-trial reliability, which might result from precise timing between excitation and inhibition. Studying the guinea pig auditory cortex, we show that partial blockage of GABAA receptors by gabazine (GBZ) application (10 ?m, a concentration that promotes expansion of cortical receptive fields) increased the evoked firing rate and the spike-timing reliability during presentation of communication sounds (conspecific and heterospecific vocalizations), whereas GABAB receptor antagonists [10 ?m saclofen; 10–50 ?m CGP55845 (p-3-aminopropyl-p-diethoxymethyl phosphoric acid)] had nonsignificant effects. Computing mutual information (MI) from the responses to vocalizations using either the evoked firing rate or the temporal spike patterns revealed that GBZ application increased the MI derived from the activity of single cortical site but did not change the MI derived from population activity. In addition, quantification of information redundancy showed that GBZ significantly increased redundancy at the population level. This result suggests that a potential role of intracortical inhibition is to reduce information redundancy during the processing of natural stimuli. PMID:23804094

  11. Communication Strategies Used in the Writing of Answers in Biology by ESL First Year Science Students of the University of Botswana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chimbganda, A. B.

    2000-01-01

    Reports on a study of the communications strategies used in the writing of answers in biology by English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) first year biology students at the University of Botswana. Examines four macro-strategies used by the subjects: risk taking, risk avoidance, second language-based strategies and semantic simplification. (Author/VWL)

  12. Communicating Science on YouTube and Beyond: OSIRIS-REx Presents 321Science!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spitz, Anna H.; Dykhuis, Melissa; Platts, Symeon; Keane, James T.; Tanquary, Hannah E.; Zellem, Robert; Hawley, Tiffany; Lauretta, Dante; Beshore, Ed; Bottke, Bill; Hergenrother, Carl; Dworkin, Jason P.; Patchell, Rose; Spitz, Sarah E.; Bentley, Zoe

    2014-11-01

    NASA’s OSIRIS-REx asteroid sample return mission launched OSIRIS-REx Presents 321Science!, a series of short videos, in December 2013 at youtube.com/osirisrex. A multi-disciplinary team of communicators, film and graphic arts students, teens, scientists, and engineers produces one video per month on a science and engineering topic related to the OSIRIS-REx mission. The format is designed to engage all members of the public, but especially younger audiences with the science and engineering of the mission. The videos serve as a resource for team members and others, complementing more traditional formats such as formal video interviews, mission animations, and hands-on activities. In creating this new form of OSIRIS-REx engagement, we developed 321Science! as an umbrella program to encourage expansion of the concept and topics beyond the OSIRIS-REx mission through partnerships. Such an expansion strengthens and magnifies the reach of the OSIRIS-REx efforts.321Science! has a detailed proposed schedule of video production through launch in 2016. Production plans are categorized to coincide with the course of the mission beginning with Learning the basics - about asteroids and the mission - and proceeding to Building the spacecraft, Run up to launch, Cruising to Bennu, Run up to rendezvous, Mapping Bennu, Sampling, Analyzing data, Cruising home and Returning and analyzing the sample. The video library will host a combination of videos on broad science topics and short specialized concepts with an average length of 2-3 minutes. Video production also takes into account external events, such as other missions’ milestones, to draw attention to our videos. Production will remain flexible and responsive to audience interests and needs and to developments in the mission, science, and external events. As of August 2014, 321Science! videos have over 22,000 views. We use YouTube analytics to evaluate our success and we are investigating additional and more rigorous evaluation methods for future analysis.

  13. The Seven Cs Ethical Model of Communication: Environmental Communication and Indigenous Knowledge Management Strategies in International Agricultural Development

    E-print Network

    McCann, Elisabeth

    2012-10-19

    This dissertation explores a number of issues facing international nonprofit organizations and individuals working in agricultural interventions supporting rural development with the goal of creating an ethical foundation of communication values...

  14. Assessment Strategies for American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Clients: Presentation Outline To Accompany the Videotape.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horan, Kevin

    This collection of handouts is designed to accompany a 2-hour videotape on assessment strategies for American Indian vocational rehabilitation clients. The videotape covers what assessment is, who should be referred for assessment, types of assessment, types of referrals (psychological, vocational, and educational), and how report findings can be…

  15. Chronic Modes of Action for Ecotoxicity: Integrated Testing Strategies for the 21st Century, presentation

    EPA Science Inventory

    This initiative, though focusing perhaps on individual assays at the beginning, recognizes the need for a tiered strategy for ecotoxicity tests that better integrates new techniques (models, in vitro methods, new technologies) to improve ecotoxicity testing as a whole. The reali...

  16. Modeling and distributed gain scheduling strategy for load frequency control in smart grids with communication topology changes.

    PubMed

    Liu, Shichao; Liu, Xiaoping P; El Saddik, Abdulmotaleb

    2014-03-01

    In this paper, we investigate the modeling and distributed control problems for the load frequency control (LFC) in a smart grid. In contrast with existing works, we consider more practical and real scenarios, where the communication topology of the smart grid changes because of either link failures or packet losses. These topology changes are modeled as a time-varying communication topology matrix. By using this matrix, a new closed-loop power system model is proposed to integrate the communication topology changes into the dynamics of a physical power system. The globally asymptotical stability of this closed-loop power system is analyzed. A distributed gain scheduling LFC strategy is proposed to compensate for the potential degradation of dynamic performance (mean square errors of state vectors) of the power system under communication topology changes. In comparison to conventional centralized control approaches, the proposed method can improve the robustness of the smart grid to the variation of the communication network as well as to reduce computation load. Simulation results show that the proposed distributed gain scheduling approach is capable to improve the robustness of the smart grid to communication topology changes. PMID:24200162

  17. College of Communications Scholarships listed present a selection of those awarded by sponsoring organizations in conjunction with

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    College of Communications Scholarships listed present a selection of those awarded by sponsoring apply for a wide range of scholarships and awards offered by a host of outside private organizations and professional societies. Information about scholarships and awards is located on the bulletin boards

  18. A generic collaborative database—part of a strategy to internationalise the curriculum and develop teamwork and communication capabilities (poster)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. G. Clear

    1998-01-01

    This presentation reports on progress in using Groupware concepts, to assist collaborative learning across boundaries of time and space, to broaden the student learning experience and develop capabilities in the use of IT for cross cultural communication.

  19. A generic collaborative database - part of a strategy to internationalise the curriculum and develop teamwork and communication capabilities (poster)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. G. Clear

    1998-01-01

    This presentation reports on progress in using Groupware concepts, to assist collaborative learning across boundaries of time and space, to broaden the student learning experience and develop capabilities in the use of IT for cross cultural communication.

  20. Communication Strategies in the Practice of Lawyering. Proceedings of the 1983 Summer Conference on Communication Strategies in the Practice of Lawyering (Oracle, AZ, June 24-27, 1983).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matlon, Ronald J., Ed.; Crawford, Richard J., Ed.

    Drawn from a conference intended as a step toward reuniting the disciplines of behavioral sciences and law, the items in this compilation were prepared by practitioners and educators in the areas of law, communication, social psychology, and sociology. The items are arranged in five sections according to these topics: interviewing and counseling,…

  1. Module 7-AA: Communicating Effectively

    Cancer.gov

    The seventh module of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores communication issues pertinent to African Americans with cancer and their health care providers, discusses strategies for culturally sensitive communication, and presents the SPIKES protocol, a practical framework for effective communication.

  2. The art of communication: strategies to improve patient and information flow

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas L. Slovis

    2008-01-01

    The art of communication involves understanding the needs of the person with whom one is interacting. The radiologist must\\u000a be an expediter and a consultant. Face-to-face, eyeball-to-eyeball communication is almost always best. Nonverbal communication\\u000a must be aligned with verbal principles. The radiologist must build trust to have successful communication and fulfill the\\u000a role of a consultant who adds value to

  3. Translating the link between social identity and health behavior into effective health communication strategies: An experimental application using antismoking advertisements.

    PubMed

    Moran, Meghan Bridgid; Sussman, Steve

    2014-01-01

    Social identity is a construct that has been linked to health behavior. Yet, limited research has attempted to translate this relationship into health communication strategies. The current study addresses this gap by examining the efficacy of social identity targeting (constructing ads so that they target a specific group with which an individual identifies) to increase anti-cigarette smoking beliefs among adolescents. Two hundred and fifty one adolescents aged 12-15, randomly selected from a nationally representative sample, completed an online survey. Participants indicated which of 11 peer groups (determined in pre-testing) they most identified with. Each participant was then randomly assigned to view an ad that either did or did not target that group. One week later participants reported level of agreement with two key antismoking beliefs presented in the ad. Multiple regression analyses indicated that if an individual identified with the group targeted by the ad, antismoking beliefs were more strongly endorsed. Based on these findings, we conclude that social identity targeting has the potential to increase the effectiveness of antismoking messages and should be considered when designing antismoking campaigns. PMID:24447056

  4. Campus Computing Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCredie, John W., Ed.

    Ten case studies that describe the planning process and strategies employed by colleges who use computing and communication systems are presented, based on a 1981-1982 study conducted by EDUCOM. An introduction by John W. McCredie summarizes several current and future effects of the rapid spread and integration of computing and communication

  5. Picture archiving and communication system in China: the development, problem, and integrating strategy with IHE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Haihong Fu; Zhengyu Jin; Jianping Dai; Kemin Chen; Tao Wang; Tie Li; Peiyi Gao; Kuncheng Li; Cheng Zhou; Xiangke Du; Jingtao Miao; Baoluo Li; Yusheng He; Minchen Peng; Qiyong Guo; Chunhua Chai; Min Luo; Xiaolin Wang; Jinxiong Chen; Ji Xie

    2003-01-01

    The history of PACS is short in years but already long in achievements. The idea of a picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and a filmless hospital was created in the early 1980s. In a PACS environment, images are acquired, read, communicated, and stored digitally [H. Fu, Picture Archiving and Communication System; Textbook\\/Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical

  6. Modeling, Performance Analysis and Comparison of Two Level Single Chain Pointer Forwarding Strategy For Location Management in Wireless Mobile Communication

    E-print Network

    Kant, C R; Prakash, N; Kant, Chhaya Ravi; Prakash, Nupur

    2006-01-01

    Global wireless networks enable mobile users to communicate regardless of their locations. Location management is an important part of the emerging wireless and mobile technology. A Personal Communication System (PCS) network must have an efficient way to keep track of the mobile users to deliver services effectively. Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) is a commonly accepted standard for mobility management of mobile users. Location management involves location tracking, and location information storage. Location management requires mobile users to register at various registration areas whenever they are on the move. The registration process may cause excessive signaling traffic and long service delays. To improve the efficiency of location tracking and avoid call set up delays, several strategies such as local anchor scheme, per-user caching scheme and several pointer forwarding schemes have been proposed in the past. In this paper, we propose a new "Two Level Single Chain Pointer Forwarding (TLSCP...

  7. Aberrant radial-ulnar nerve communication in the upper arm presenting as an unusual radial nerve palsy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lombardo, Daniel J; Buzas, David; Siegel, Geoffrey; Afsari, Alan

    2015-05-01

    An unusual communication between the radial and ulnar nerves was observed during repair of a fracture of the humerus in an adult patient who presented with unusual physical exam findings. The patient had loss of radial and ulnar nerve motor function, as well as decreased sensation in both nerve distributions. Radial nerve injury following fracture of the humerus is a common condition, and anatomic variations are therefore of importance to clinicians. Communications between branches of the brachial plexus are also not uncommon findings; however there is very little mention of communication between the radial and ulnar nerves in the literature. An appreciation of unusual nerve anatomy is important in explaining unusual finding in patients. PMID:25481257

  8. Presented at the 2005 EWRI Congress. Strategies/Guidance for Managing Stormwater: Infiltration vs. Surface Water Discharge

    E-print Network

    Clark, Shirley E.

    Presented at the 2005 EWRI Congress. Strategies/Guidance for Managing Stormwater: Infiltration vs to the degradation of many urban streams and rivers. The management of municipal stormwater runoff necessitates document for municipal planners and engineers to use when they are evaluating their various stormwater

  9. A Study of the Relationship between Willingness To Communicate and Preferred Conflict Strategy: Implications for Teaching Communication and Conflict.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDowell, Earl E.

    A study examined the communication and conflict strategizing of high school youth to determine the differences between biological sex groups and grade level groups. Data were collected from 217 senior high school students (79 males and 138 females; 162 10th-graders and 55 11th- and 12th-graders), all of whom were enrolled in a required course in…

  10. Health Communications Internship Program

    Cancer.gov

    Ashley Boggs is a Health Communications Intern for the President’s Cancer Panel, an advisory committee responsible for monitoring the development and execution of the National Cancer Program. Ashley performs research, analysis, and communication strategy in support of an annual report that is presented to the President and Congress.

  11. The past, present, and future of DARPA's investment strategy in smart materials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. G. Wax; G. M. Fischer; R. R. Sands

    2003-01-01

    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1 4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article presents the authors' vision of what is next

  12. "Are You with Me?" A Metadiscursive Analysis of Interactive Strategies in College Students' Course Presentations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agnes, Magnuczne Godo

    2012-01-01

    In recent years increasing research attention has been devoted to the definition and development of presentation skills. As an interactive oral discourse type, the presentation is characterised by specific speech acts, of which cooperative acts have proved to be of a highly developmental nature (Sazdovska, 2009). The aim of the present paper is to…

  13. The past, present, and future of DARPA’s investment strategy in smart materials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. G. Wax; G. M. Fischer; R. R. Sands

    2003-01-01

    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed\\u000a in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1–4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article\\u000a presents the authors’ vision of what is next in

  14. Enhancing Parent-Child Communication about Drug Use: Strategies for Professionals Working with Parents and Guardians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca A.

    2011-01-01

    Research indicates that family connectedness is the leading protective factor against youth involvement in alcohol and other drug use. A vital component to building positive family connections is effective parent-child communication. This article discusses the importance of building positive parent-child communication skills and provides practical…

  15. A Nationwide Communication System for the Hearing Impaired: Strategies Toward Commercial Implementation. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allan, Daniel S.; And Others

    The purpose of this report is to assess the viability of developing commercial computer communications networks to provide communications services to the deaf community on a nationwide basis. Access to this network is considered for existing Baudot/Weitbrecht Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDDs) and ASCII terminals with Bell modems. The…

  16. A systematic review of communication strategies for people with dementia in residential and nursing homes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emmelyne Vasse; M. J. F. J. Vernooij-Dassen; Anouk Spijker; Marcel Olde Rikkert; Raymond Koopmans

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The impairment of verbal skills of people with dementia challenges communication. The aim of this review was to study the effects of nonpharmacological interventions in residential and nursing homes on (1) communication between residents with dementia and care staff, and (2) the neuropsychiatric symptoms of residents with dementia. METHOD: Pubmed, PsychInfo, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and reference

  17. The Influence of Learner Strategies on Oral Presentations: A Comparison between Group and Individual Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chou, Mu-hsuan

    2011-01-01

    Cooperative learning has frequently been used in language classrooms, from in-class task-based group work to group presentations. Research suggests that cooperative learning provides mutual support, as well as successful and effective learning outcomes of tasks. The present research addressed a number of problems discovered in group oral…

  18. The past, present, and future of DARPA's investment strategy in smart materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wax, S. G.; Fischer, G. M.; Sands, R. R.

    2003-12-01

    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1 4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article presents the authors’ vision of what is next in the smart materials arena, for it is their belief that the journey to truly smart materials and structures has really just begun.

  19. Communication Strategy of Transboundary Air Pollution Findings in a US-Mexico Border XXI Program Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mukerjee, Shaibal

    2002-01-01

    From 1996 to 1997, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) conducted an air quality study known as the Lower Rio Grande Valley Transboundary Air Pollution Project (TAPP). The study was a US-Mexico Border XXI program project and was developed in response to local community requests on a need for more air quality measurements and concerns about the health impact of local air pollutants; this included concerns about emissions from border-dependent industries in Mexico, known as maquiladoras. The TAPP was a follow-up study to environmental monitoring done by EPA in this area in 1993 and incorporated scientific and community participation in development, review of results, and public presentation of findings. In spite of this, critical remarks were leveled by community activists against the study's preliminary "good news" findings regarding local air quality and the influence of transboundary air pollution. To resolve these criticisms and to refine the findings to address these concerns, analyses included comparisons of daily and near real-time measurements to TNRCC effects screening levels and data from other studies along with wind sector analyses. Reassessment of the data suggested that although regional source emissions occurred and outliers of elevated pollutant levels were found, movement of air pollution across the border did not appear to cause noticeable deterioration of air quality. In spite of limitations stated to the community, the TAPP was presented as establishing a benchmark to assess current and future transboundary air quality in the Valley. The study has application in Border XXI Program or other air quality studies where transboundary transport is a concern since it involved interagency coordination, public involvement, and communication of scientifically sound results for local environmental protection efforts.

  20. What Makes Racial Diversity Work in Higher Education: Academic Leaders Present Successful Policies and Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, Frank W., Jr., Ed.

    The essays in this collection establish the case for racial diversity , outline the challenges diversity offers the academic community, presents examples of how some institutions have developed successful models of diversity, and discusses how the history of racial diversity has influenced aspects of diversity today. Following a foreword,…

  1. Speaking off the Cuff: Strategies and Activities for Developing Presentation Confidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blaszczynski, Carol; Green, Diana J.

    2010-01-01

    Presentation mastery is a skill of paramount importance in the business world. The Partnership for 21st Century Skills has delineated the ability to "articulate thoughts and ideas effectively using oral, written and nonverbal skills in a variety of forms and contexts" as a student outcome under learning and innovation skills. Ability to think on…

  2. Delay-sensitive Communications Code-Rates, Strategies, and Distributed Control 

    E-print Network

    Parag, Parimal

    2012-02-14

    of setting up a network suitable for network coding in multicast. In particular, we quantify the gains of network coding over classic routing for service provisioned multicast communication over butterfly networks. In the wireless setting, we study the trade...

  3. A Mote-in-the-Loop Approach for Exploring Communication Strategies for Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    , Erik Bj¨ornemo1 , Thiemo Voigt2 1 Uppsala University, Sweden 2 Swedish Institute of Computer Science data. the PC, for example, using Matlab. The radio communication between mote and signal analyser

  4. Flirtation Rejection Strategies: Toward an Understanding of Communicative Disinterest in Flirting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodboy, Alan K.; Brann, Maria

    2010-01-01

    Single adults often seek successful flirtatious encounters; yet these encounters can sometimes be considered failures. However, little research has identified flirtation rejection strategies enacted by those not interested in reciprocal flirting. The purpose of this study was to examine behavioral and verbal flirtation rejection strategies among…

  5. Future droughts in Global Climate Models and adaptation strategies from regional present-day analogues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orlowsky, B.; Seneviratne, S. I.

    2012-04-01

    Droughts are among the most impacting phenomena of a changing climate, affecting agricultural productivity and human health. They can furthermore interact with and amplify other climatic extreme events such as heat waves. Our analysis of the CMIP5 ensemble of GCM simulations identifies several hot spots of aggravating droughts in coming decades, such as the Mediterranean, parts of the Southern US and North East Brazil, which also compare well with increasing stress from heat waves. However, as we show by a comparison of drought indices, the exact pattern can substantially depend on the index choice. In some regions of the developing world which are particularly vulnerable to droughts, e.g. Central Africa, this uncertainty is further increased by a high disagreement between the GCMs. In a second step, we perform an analogue search which, for a given target region, identifies regions which under present-day climate show drought conditions that are similar to the projected future drought conditions of the target region. For example, the future conditions in the Mediterranean are found to be analogue to the present-day conditions in parts of the US, Central Asia or Australia. Information from web resources on climate change adaptation and agricultural practices for the identified similar regions are then assessed in the context of the target region as potential guidelines for adaptation. Thus combining the temporal and spatial dimension helps to transfer local climate adaptation knowledge to other regions, where it is expected to become relevant in the future.

  6. Telemonitoring with respect to Mood Disorders and Information and Communication Technologies: Overview and Presentation of the PSYCHE Project

    PubMed Central

    Javelot, Hervé; Spadazzi, Anne; Weiner, Luisa; Garcia, Sonia; Gentili, Claudio; Kosel, Markus; Bertschy, Gilles

    2014-01-01

    This paper reviews what we know about prediction in relation to mood disorders from the perspective of clinical, biological, and physiological markers. It then also presents how information and communication technologies have developed in the field of mood disorders, from the first steps, for example, the transition from paper and pencil to more sophisticated methods, to the development of ecological momentary assessment methods and, more recently, wearable systems. These recent developments have paved the way for the use of integrative approaches capable of assessing multiple variables. The PSYCHE project stands for Personalised monitoring SYstems for Care in mental HEalth. PMID:25050321

  7. New results in network information theory: scaling laws for wireless communication and optimal strategies for information transport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liang-Liang Xie; P. R. Kumar

    2002-01-01

    We present a network information theory for wireless communications. This theory addresses the following issues: (i) How the amount of information that can be carried over a wireless network scales as the number n of nodes in the network increases. (ii) Obtains bounds on the pre-constant in the scaling law, thus obtaining bounds on network capability as a function of

  8. Linking Contextual Factors with Rhetorical Pattern Shift: Direct and Indirect Strategies Recommended in English Business Communication Textbooks in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Junhua; Zhu, Pinfan

    2011-01-01

    Scholars have consistently claimed that rhetorical patterns are culturally bound, and indirectness is a defining characteristic of Chinese writing. Through examining how the rhetorical mechanism of directness and indirectness is presented in 29 English business communication textbooks published in China, we explore how English business…

  9. Informing the public about information and participation strategies in the siting of mobile communication base stations: an experimental study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter M. Wiedemann; Holger Schütz

    2008-01-01

    Informing the public and ensuring their participation are considered important characteristics for a successful siting of mobile communication base stations. However, there is only sparse empirical evidence for this presumption. In particular, nothing is known about whether informing people that a siting decision is based on public information and participation activities has any positive effects. The experimental study presented here

  10. Developing an efficient modelling and data presentation strategy for ATDEM system comparison and survey design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Combrinck, Magdel

    2015-10-01

    Forward modelling of airborne time-domain electromagnetic (ATDEM) responses is frequently used to compare systems and design surveys for optimum detection of expected mineral exploration targets. It is a challenging exercise to display and analyse the forward modelled responses due to the large amount of data generated for three dimensional models as well as the system dependent nature of the data. I propose simplifying the display of ATDEM responses through using the dimensionless quantity of signal-to-noise ratios (signal:noise) instead of respective system units. I also introduce the concept of a three-dimensional signal:noise nomo-volume as an efficient tool to visually present and analyse large amounts of data. The signal:noise nomo-volume is a logical extension of the two-dimensional conductance nomogram. It contains the signal:noise values of all system time channels and components for various target depths and conductances integrated into a single interactive three-dimensional image. Responses are calculated over a complete survey grid and therefore include effects of system and target geometries. The user can interactively select signal:noise cut-off values on the nomo-volume and is able to perform visual comparisons between various system and target responses. The process is easy to apply and geophysicists with access to forward modelling airborne electromagnetic (AEM) and three-dimensional imaging software already possess the tools required to produce and analyse signal:noise nomo-volumes.

  11. An Experimental Investigation of Mode of Presentation and Verbally-Induced Distraction on Communication Acceptance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stacks, Don W.

    A study investigated the impact of a one-time persuasive message presented to subjects across two media--audio and audiovisual. A second variable, distraction, was also examined for its induced impact on conferring resistance to the message. Subjects were 170 college undergraduates, 46 of whom were assigned to a control group that did not see or…

  12. A simple packet retransmission strategy for throughput and delay enhancement on power line communication channels

    SciTech Connect

    Onunga, J.O. (Kenya Posts and Telecommunications Corp., Nairobi (Kenya)); Donaldson, R.W. (Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

    1993-07-01

    A new, simple, and effective communication protocol is developed and evaluated for use on power line distribution networks. The protocol involves retransmission of unacknowledged packets, which are sent in either single or multiple (N) copies in accordance with estimates of communication link quality. Multiple packet copies can be code combined at the receiver, using majority voting on each bit position, to reduce packet error rates. Adaptive link quality estimates are based on the receipt or absence of positive acknowledgements. Information throughput efficiency is calculated and N optimized in terms of system variables. Performance benefits of code combining are clearly demonstrated. The algorithm was implemented and tested using a five-station intrabuilding power line communications network operating at 1.2, 2.4, 4.8 and 9.6 kbit/s data rate. Substantial throughput and delay improvement occurred on poor quality links, without degrading performance on good links.

  13. E-waste management challenges in Iran: presenting some strategies for improvement of current conditions.

    PubMed

    Taghipour, Hassan; Nowrouz, Parviz; Jafarabadi, Mohamad Asghari; Nazari, Jalil; Hashemi, Ahmad Asl; Mosaferi, Mohammad; Dehghanzadeh, Reza

    2012-11-01

    E-waste is one of the fastest-growing waste streams in Iran, owing to an increase in consumption of electrical and electronic equipment. Nevertheless, as is the case in some other countries, E-waste management has not received sufficient attention. For the successful implementation of any waste management plan (including an E-waste management plan), the availability of sufficient and accurate information on the quantities and composition of the waste generated and on current management conditions is a fundamental prerequisite. At present, in Iran, there is no available and accurate information that describes the characteristics and generation rate of E-waste or the actual practice of management and handling of the waste. For this initial study, eight electronic products were selected for the determination of their E-waste generation rate in the country, and two cities, Tehran and Tabriz, were selected for assessment of the current condition of E-waste management. The study found that the amount of E-waste generation in the country for the eight selected electronic items alone was 115,286, 112,914 and 115,151 metric tons in 2008, 2009 and 2010, respectively. Of the types of electronic items included in the study, televisions, with an average of 42.42%, and PCs, with an average of 32.66% accounted for the greatest proportions of the total mass of E-waste generated during 2008-2010. Currently, despite the fact that primary legislation for E-waste management (as part of general waste legislation) exists in Iran, this primary legislation has not yet been implemented. In practical terms, there is no definite policy or plan for the allocation of funds to prepare suitable equipment and facilities for the management and recycling of E-waste at the end of the products' useful life. Proposed improvements in current conditions are identified, first by considering other countries' experiences and then suggesting specific practical policies, rules, and regulations that should be established and applied to all levels of E-waste management. One of the most attractive E-waste management policies is an extended producer responsibility (EPR) programme in combination with a training programme at different levels of society. An approach consisting of a mandated product take back is proposed for implementing EPR in Iran. Meanwhile, the Health Ministry and the Environmental Protection Agency should strictly supervise E-waste collection, storage, and recycling and/or disposal, and the Trade and Industry Ministries must have more control over the import and production of electronic goods. PMID:21945991

  14. Presenting SAPUSS: Solving Aerosol Problem by Using Synergistic Strategies in Barcelona, Spain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dall'Osto, M.; Querol, X.; Alastuey, A.; Minguillon, M. C.; Alier, M.; Amato, F.; Brines, M.; Cusack, M.; Grimalt, J. O.; Karanasiou, A.; Moreno, T.; Pandolfi, M.; Pey, J.; Reche, C.; Ripoll, A.; Tauler, R.; Van Drooge, B. L.; Viana, M.; Harrison, R. M.; Gietl, J.; Beddows, D.; Bloss, W.; O'Dowd, C.; Ceburnis, D.; Martucci, G.; Ng, N. L.; Worsnop, D.; Wenger, J.; Mc Gillicuddy, E.; Sodeau, J.; Healy, R.; Lucarelli, F.; Nava, S.; Jimenez, J. L.; Gomez Moreno, F.; Artinano, B.; Prévôt, A. S. H.; Pfaffenberger, L.; Frey, S.; Wilsenack, F.; Casabona, D.; Jiménez-Guerrero, P.; Gross, D.; Cots, N.

    2013-09-01

    This paper presents the summary of the key objectives, instrumentation and logistic details, goals, and initial scientific findings of the European Marie Curie Action SAPUSS project carried out in the western Mediterranean Basin (WMB) during September-October in autumn 2010. The key SAPUSS objective is to deduce aerosol source characteristics and to understand the atmospheric processes responsible for their generations and transformations - both horizontally and vertically in the Mediterranean urban environment. In order to achieve so, the unique approach of SAPUSS is the concurrent measurements of aerosols with multiple techniques occurring simultaneously in six monitoring sites around the city of Barcelona (NE Spain): a main road traffic site, two urban background sites, a regional background site and two urban tower sites (150 m and 545 m above sea level, 150 m and 80 m above ground, respectively). SAPUSS allows us to advance our knowledge sensibly of the atmospheric chemistry and physics of the urban Mediterranean environment. This is well achieved only because of both the three dimensional spatial scale and the high sampling time resolution used. During SAPUSS different meteorological regimes were encountered, including warm Saharan, cold Atlantic, wet European and stagnant regional ones. The different meteorology of such regimes is herein described. Additionally, we report the trends of the parameters regulated by air quality purposes (both gaseous and aerosol mass concentrations); and we also compare the six monitoring sites. High levels of traffic-related gaseous pollutants were measured at the urban ground level monitoring sites, whereas layers of tropospheric ozone were recorded at tower levels. Particularly, tower level night-time average ozone concentrations (80 ± 25 ?g m-3) were up to double compared to ground level ones. The examination of the vertical profiles clearly shows the predominant influence of NOx on ozone concentrations, and a source of ozone aloft. Analysis of the particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations shows an enhancement of coarse particles (PM2.5-10) at the urban ground level (+64%, average 11.7 ?g m-3) but of fine ones (PM1) at urban tower level (+28%, average 14.4 ?g m-3). These results show complex dynamics of the size-resolved PM mass at both horizontal and vertical levels of the study area. Preliminary modelling findings reveal an underestimation of the fine accumulation aerosols. In summary, this paper lays the foundation of SAPUSS, an integrated study of relevance to many other similar urban Mediterranean coastal environment sites.

  15. Method and apparatus for routing data in an inter-nodal communications lattice of a massively parallel computer system by dynamically adjusting local routing strategies

    DOEpatents

    Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Musselman, Roy Glenn (Rochester, MN); Peters, Amanda (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Swartz, Brent Allen (Chippewa Falls, WI); Wallenfelt, Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN)

    2010-03-16

    A massively parallel computer system contains an inter-nodal communications network of node-to-node links. Each node implements a respective routing strategy for routing data through the network, the routing strategies not necessarily being the same in every node. The routing strategies implemented in the nodes are dynamically adjusted during application execution to shift network workload as required. Preferably, adjustment of routing policies in selective nodes is performed at synchronization points. The network may be dynamically monitored, and routing strategies adjusted according to detected network conditions.

  16. Optimal Nonverbal Communications Strategies Physicians Should Engage in to Promote Positive Clinical Outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacquelyn Crane; Frederick G. Crane

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the importance of physician management of their nonverbal communication behavior during physician-patient interactions. This management is important because certain nonverbal behaviors are associated with clinical outcomes. The article outlines research findings involving various physicians' nonverbal behaviors, such as gaze orientation, head nodding, facial expressiveness, body orientation, proxemics, and paralinguistics. It also highlights the need to train physicians

  17. Handling Discourse: Gestures, Reference Tracking, and Communication Strategies in Early L2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gullberg, Marianne

    2006-01-01

    The production of cohesive discourse, especially maintained reference, poses problems for early second language L2 speakers. This paper considers a communicative account of overexplicit L2 discourse by focusing on the interdependence between spoken and gestural cohesion, the latter being expressed by anchoring of referents in gesture space.…

  18. Communications Strategy The University recognises that to achieve its strategic aims it must

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    's reputation and brand. Consistency Ensure that all communications are informed by the availability of up are at all times informed by the principles of openness, transparency and consistency. The University tool and central store of consistent fact and information will also become increasingly important

  19. Topic Management and Turn Taking in Professional Communication: First- Versus Second-Language Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Du-Babcock, Bertha

    1999-01-01

    Describes and contrasts the communication behavior of Hong Kong Cantonese bilingual speakers as they interact in comparable first- and second-language strategic formulations and decision-making meetings. Finds similarities in terms of volume, context level, and ideas; and differences in areas of turn-taking frequency, length of spoken time per…

  20. Structure and Strategy in Collective Action: Communication and Coordination in Social Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Suk-Young Chwe

    1996-01-01

    This paper considers both structural and strategic influences on collective action. Each person in a group wants to participate only if the total number participating is at least her threshold; people use a social network to communicate their thresholds. Results include: cliques form the common knowledge sufficient and in some sense necessary for collective action; dispersion of \\

  1. Strategies For Successful International Communication: Using Cultural Conventions to Inform Your Documents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CAROLYN BOIARSKY

    1992-01-01

    If we are to successfully communicate with people in other countries, we need to be aware of their cultural customs and of how these customs are reflected in the linguistic and rhetorical conventions of their language. Without this knowledge, we are apt to be perceived as rude and our technical documents misunderstood. This paper looks at differences in the vocabulary,

  2. An Action Research Look at the Communication Strategies of Adult Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kebir, Catherine

    1994-01-01

    Identifies how well immigrant students can communicate among themselves. This research consists of eight steps: (1) identifying the problem; (2) investigating suitable research methods; (3) defining terms; (4) reviewing the literature; (5) doing preliminary investigations; (6) hypothesizing; (7) realizing outcomes for learners; (8) reporting. (12…

  3. Intercultural Communication Competence through Experiential Learning: The Importance of Student-Initiated Strategies and Dialogic Encounters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Josephine Ann

    2007-01-01

    Approaches to intercultural communication competence (ICC) generally argue the need for objective knowledge about another culture as well as knowledge about and the ability to achieve appropriate behaviors of that target culture. Most of these approaches continue to base themselves on a conception of culture as comprehensive but static.…

  4. Successful Women in Speech Communication: A National Survey of Strategies and Skills, Contributions and Conflicts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Judy C.; Trent, Judith S.

    A survey of 163 women associate professors and professors was conducted to determine the characteristics that have contributed to the success of women in the communication disciplines. The profile that emerged reveals the successful female college faculty member to be a person with a Ph.D, on tenure, who is not interested in being an…

  5. Performance of M-ary spread spectrum communication system present in multipath

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Bing; Zhang, Lan

    2009-12-01

    The M-ary spread spectrum systems with zero correlation zone (ZCZ) sequences were fabricated and analyzed present in multipath. The analyzed results show the ZCZ sequence M-ary spread spectrum system has stronger anti-multipath interference ability than Walsh sequence M-ary spread spectrum system. The simulated channel is composed of a line _of _sight(LOS), 9 specular reflection and a diffuse multipath component whose power is 10dB less than that of the line-of-sight signal. In case of BER=1E-2 and 25% reflecting strength, the S/N of ZCZ sequence 4-ary spread spectrum systems has about 0.8dB improvement than that of Walsh sequence 4-ary spread spectrum system; In case of BER=3E-2 and 50% reflecting strength, the S/N has about 1.7 dB improvement. Those results imply that present system is useful to design high spectrum efficiency and strong anti-multipath interference spread spectrum systems.

  6. Conformance testing strategies for DICOM protocols in a heterogenous communications system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyer, Ralph; Hewett, Andrew J.; Cordonnier, Emmanuel; Piqueras, Joachim; Jensch, Peter F.

    1995-05-01

    The goal of the DICOM standard is to define a standard network interface and data model for imaging devices from various vendors. It shall facilitate the development and integration of information systems and picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) in a networked environment. Current activities in Oldenburg, Germany include projects to establish cooperative work applications for radiological purposes, comprising (joined) text, data, signal and image communications, based on narrowband ISDN and ATM communication for regional and Pan European applications. In such a growing and constantly changing environment it is vital to have a solid and implementable plan to bring standards in operation. A communication standard alone cannot ensure interoperability between different vendor implementations. Even DICOM does not specify implementation-specific requirements nor does it specify a testing procedure to assess an implementation's conformance to the standard. The conformance statements defined in the DICOM standard only allow a user to determine which optional components are supported by the implementation. The goal of our work is to build a conformance test suite for DICOM. Conformance testing can aid to simplify and solve problems with multivendor systems. It will check a vendor's implementation against the DICOM standard and state the found subset of functionality. The test suite will be built in respect to the ISO 9646 Standard (OSI-Conformance Testing Methodology and Framework) which is a standard devoted to the subject of conformance testing implementations of Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) standards. For our heterogeneous communication environments we must also consider ISO 9000 - 9004 (quality management and quality assurance) to give the users the confidence in evolving applications.

  7. The Visions Program of Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College Presents a Communication Skills Enhancement Workshop for the Patient Management Department at TRMC.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Elizabeth

    This document contains the instructional materials developed and presented in workshops on communications skills improvement at a regional hospital. The workshop was designed to help participants gain skills that enable them to do the following: (1) identify and overcome roadblocks to effective communication; (2) decode "hidden messages"; (3)…

  8. Voices of Latino parents and teens: Tailored strategies for parent–child communication related to sex

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yvette Murphy-Erby; Kimberly Stauss; Javier Boyas; Van Bivens

    2011-01-01

    Parent–child communication around sex-related topics is relevant to the promotion of health. But there is little research on the perspectives that Latino parents and teens have regarding talking about sex. The aim of this qualitative inquiry was to explore the perspectives of first-generation Latino parents and their adolescents on the effects their personal experiences and culture have on conversations about

  9. Communicating about the risks and benefits of genetically modified foods. Effects of different information strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn Frewer; Joachim Scholderer; Clive Downs; Lone Bredahl

    2000-01-01

    The research reported here aimed to investigate the effects of different types of information about genetically modified foods on both consumer attitudes towards genetic modification and their tendency to choose genetically modified products (compared to more traditionally manufactured alternatives). The impact of information strategy (balanced, or product specific), attributed information source (The “European Association of Consumers”, the “European Association of

  10. Employees' Perceptions of Email Communication, Volume and Management Strategies in an Australian University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pignata, Silvia; Lushington, Kurt; Sloan, Jeremy; Buchanan, Fiona

    2015-01-01

    Despite email playing a central role in university business, little is known about the strategies used by staff to manage email and the factors contributing to email overload. In a mixed method study undertaken in one Australian university comparing academic (n = 193) and professional (n = 278) staff, we found that while email volume was higher in…

  11. The chaotic disturbance of UAV system’s communication and coping strategy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liu Lizhao; Liu Yingchao; Huang Zhili; Li Maoqing

    2008-01-01

    The chaotic disturbance phenomenon will occur in peculiar circumstances to the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system. In this paper, the authors have discussed the condition of this phenomenon, analyzed its causes through the entire environment simulation and the concrete flight practice, and applied the on-line strategy to establish a mathematical model according to the system disturbance factor. A mathematical relation

  12. Revising marketing strategies for supplier selection criteria: small firm approach from the information and communications industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jussi Hätönen; Mika Ruokonen

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – Mainly due to their size, SMEs in the ICT industry are often at a disadvantage in supplier evaluation and therefore in the MNC supplier selection process. This paper aims to illustrate how they have realised their weakness and have created innovative strategies for alleviating the uncertainties associated with SMEs and thus for overcoming these natural disadvantages. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

  13. Frequency domain detection strategies for short-range ultra-wideband communication systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tiziano Bianchi; Simone Morosi

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a detection strategy for high rate short-range impulse radio ultra-wideband systems. The proposed detection scheme relies on both the introduction of the cyclic prefix at the transmitter and the use of a frequency domain multiuser detection approach at the receiver. Zero forcing (ZF) and minimum mean square error (MMSE) multiuser detectors have been investigated and

  14. Strategis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    Strategis is a web site developed by Industry Canada to provide business information resources to Canadian businesses. Resources available include a searchable database of Canadian companies, business information for each sector, a list of business support services, and a guide to business laws and regulation. The International Business Information Network offers information about business opportunities abroad; Trade Data Online provides Canadian and US trade data. A collection of research publications by Industry Canada and monthly economic indicators on the economy are additional economic resources found at this site. Users can view this site in French or English.

  15. Communications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailenson, Jeremy; Buzzanell, Patrice; Deetz, Stanley; Tewksbury, David; Thompson, Robert J.; Turow, Joseph; Bichelmeyer, Barbara; Bishop, M. J.; Gayeski, Diane

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of communications were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Jeremy Bailenson, Patrice Buzzanell, Stanley Deetz, David Tewksbury, Robert J. Thompson, and…

  16. UAS Conflict-Avoidance Using Multiagent RL with Abstract Strategy Type Communication

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rebhuhn, Carrie; Knudson, Matt; Tumer, Kagan

    2014-01-01

    The use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) in the national airspace is of growing interest to the research community. Safety and scalability of control algorithms are key to the successful integration of autonomous system into a human-populated airspace. In order to ensure safety while still maintaining efficient paths of travel, these algorithms must also accommodate heterogeneity of path strategies of its neighbors. We show that, using multiagent RL, we can improve the speed with which conflicts are resolved in cases with up to 80 aircraft within a section of the airspace. In addition, we show that the introduction of abstract agent strategy types to partition the state space is helpful in resolving conflicts, particularly in high congestion.

  17. Improved awareness and appropriate use of non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) for HIV prevention following a multi-modal communication strategy

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background In May 2005, the Western Australian Department of Health (WA Health) developed a communication strategy to improve the awareness and appropriate use of non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) in WA. The communication strategy included the development of an nPEP information pamphlet, the establishment of a 24 hour nPEP phone line and the distribution of the WA Health nPEP guidelines to health professionals. The communication strategy was aimed at gay men, people in sero-discordant relationships, people living with HIV, injecting drug users and health care providers with patients from these populations. This evaluation aimed to assess the awareness and appropriate use of nPEP in WA before and after the commencement of the nPEP communication strategy. Methods A program logic method was used to identify the immediate (short-term) and ultimate (long-term) outcomes of the communication strategy. The achievement of these outcomes was evaluated using data from website statistics, a survey of ‘sexuality sensitive’ doctors, statistics published in Perth Gay Community Periodic Surveys (PGCPS) and data from the WA nPEP database. A ?2 test for trend was conducted to identify any significant changes in the ultimate outcome indicators pre- and post-strategy. Results nPEP awareness among gay men in the PGCPS initially increased from 17.2% in 2002 to 54.9% in 2008, then decreased to 39.9% in 2010. After the commencement of the communication strategy, the proportion of nPEP prescriptions meeting the eligibility criteria for nPEP significantly increased (61.2% in 2002-2005 to 90.0% in 2008-2010 (p?communication strategy, the delivery and appropriate use of nPEP have significantly improved in WA. In the 2008-2010 period, an improvement in HIV testing of nPEP recipients at three month follow-up was reported for the first time in WA. However, there is a need for ongoing activities to raise nPEP awareness among gay men. PMID:23095456

  18. What Can Health Communication Science Offer for ACA Implementation? Five Evidence-Informed Strategies for Expanding Medicaid Enrollment

    PubMed Central

    KREUTER, MATTHEW W; McBRIDE, TIMOTHY D; CABURNAY, CHARLENE A; POOR, TIMOTHY; THOMPSON, VETTA L SANDERS; ALCARAZ, KASSANDRA I; EDDENS, KATHERINE S; RATH, SUCHITRA; PERKINS, HANNAH; CASEY, CHRISTOPHER

    2014-01-01

    Context:?Implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014 will require effective enrollment and outreach efforts to previously uninsured individuals now eligible for coverage. Methods:?From 1996 to 2013, the Health Communication Research Laboratory conducted more than 40 original studies with more than 30,000 participants to learn how to improve the reach to and effectiveness of health information for low-income and racial/ethnic minority populations. We synthesized the findings from this body of research and used them to inform current challenges in implementing the ACA. Findings:?We found empirical support for 5 recommendations regarding partnerships, outreach, messages and messengers, life priorities of low-income individuals and families, and the information environment. We translated these into 12 action steps. Conclusions:?Health communication science can inform the development and execution of strategies to increase the public's understanding of the ACA and to support the enrollment of eligible individuals into Medicaid or the Health Insurance Marketplace. PMID:24597555

  19. Priorities and Strategies for the Implementation of Integrated Informatics and Communications Technology to Improve Evidence-Based Practice

    PubMed Central

    Doebbeling, Bradley N; Chou, Ann F; Tierney, William M

    2006-01-01

    The U.S. health care system is one of the world's most advanced systems. Yet, the health care system suffers from unexplained practice variations, major gaps between evidence and practice, and suboptimal quality. Although information processing, communication, and management are key to health care delivery and considerable evidence links information/communication technology (IT) to improvements in patient safety and quality of care, the health care system has a longstanding gap in its investment. In the Crossing the Quality Chasm and Building a Better Delivery System reports, The Institute of Medicine and National Academy of Engineering identified IT integration as critical to improving health care delivery systems. This paper reviews the state of IT use in the U.S. health care system, its role in facilitating evidence-based practices, and identifies key attributes of an ideal IT infrastructure and issues surrounding IT implementation. We also examine structural, financial, policy-related, cultural, and organizational barriers to IT implementation for evidence-based practice and strategies to overcome them. PMID:16637961

  20. Development of strategies for effective communication of food risks and benefits across Europe: Design and conceptual framework of the FoodRisC project

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background European consumers are faced with a myriad of food related risk and benefit information and it is regularly left up to the consumer to interpret these, often conflicting, pieces of information as a coherent message. This conflict is especially apparent in times of food crises and can have major public health implications. Scientific results and risk assessments cannot always be easily communicated into simple guidelines and advice that non-scientists like the public or the media can easily understand especially when there is conflicting, uncertain or complex information about a particular food or aspects thereof. The need for improved strategies and tools for communication about food risks and benefits is therefore paramount. The FoodRisC project ("Food Risk Communication - Perceptions and communication of food risks/benefits across Europe: development of effective communication strategies") aims to address this issue. The FoodRisC project will examine consumer perceptions and investigate how people acquire and use information in food domains in order to develop targeted strategies for food communication across Europe. Methods/Design This project consists of 6 research work packages which, using qualitative and quantitative methodologies, are focused on development of a framework for investigating food risk/benefit issues across Europe, exploration of the role of new and traditional media in food communication and testing of the framework in order to develop evidence based communication strategies and tools. The main outcome of the FoodRisC project will be a toolkit to enable coherent communication of food risk/benefit messages in Europe. The toolkit will integrate theoretical models and new measurement paradigms as well as building on social marketing approaches around consumer segmentation. Use of the toolkit and guides will assist policy makers, food authorities and other end users in developing common approaches to communicating coherent messages to consumers in Europe. Discussion The FoodRisC project offers a unique approach to the investigation of food risk/benefit communication. The effective spread of food risk/benefit information will assist initiatives aimed at reducing the burden of food-related illness and disease, reducing the economic impact of food crises and ensuring that confidence in safe and nutritious food is fostered and maintained in Europe. PMID:21569458

  1. Application of Communication Optimization Strategy Based on Cascade PLC MODBUS in Fire Water System of Hydropower Station

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Feng Lei-hua; Gui Wei-hua; Yang Feng

    2009-01-01

    As to the bad real-time problem of traditional communication scheme that is one master station and more slave stations' MODBUS communication in fire water system of hydropower station, in this paper, a connection scheme of a cascade PLC communication was proposed to solve the defects of decreasing transmission speed because of long distance in communication. The communication software of PLC

  2. Adapting the "managing by walking around" methodology as a leadership strategy to communicate a hospital-wide strategic plan.

    PubMed

    Rubin, Marcie Sara; Stone, Richard K

    2010-01-01

    Metropolitan Hospital Center (MHC) in East Harlem, New York, has undergone significant leadership changes within the past few years, and the current leadership team developed a long-term strategic plan for the organization that it wanted to effectively communicate to all hospital staff. The spread of information is a challenge at MHC, as it is in many hospitals, because of the large number of staff working various shifts, and the inability of staff to leave their units at the same time to attend general staff meetings. Because of the recent success of the hospital's Executive WalkRounds Program and Breakthough Program, which embody principles of the leadership strategy Managing By Walking Around (MBWA), the senior leadership team decided to roll out their new strategic plan in a 2-week series of rounds to each unit/department throughout the hospital during each shift. Utilizing this method, 69 percent of MHC staff attended the rounds, and 88.9 percent of management level staff and 64.5 percent of unionized/labor who participated in the hospital's Employee Satisfaction Survey stated that they understood the hospital's new strategic plan. MHC's successful strategy is easily applicable within other similar settings. PMID:20150800

  3. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Attend Typically to Faces and Objects Presented within Their Picture Communication Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillespie-Smith, K.; Riby, D. M.; Hancock, P. J. B.; Doherty-Sneddon, G.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may require interventions for communication difficulties. One type of intervention is picture communication symbols which are proposed to improve comprehension of linguistic input for children with ASD. However, atypical attention to faces and objects is widely reported across the autism…

  4. Testing Communication Strategies to Convey Genomic Concepts Using Virtual Reality Technology

    PubMed Central

    Kaphingst, Kimberly A.; Persky, Susan; McCall, Cade; Lachance, Christina; Beall, Andrew C.; Blascovich, Jim

    2009-01-01

    Health professionals need to be able to communicate information about genomic susceptibility in understandable and usable ways, but substantial challenges are involved. We developed four learning modules that varied along two factors: (1) learning mode (active learning vs. didactic learning) and (2) metaphor (risk elevator vs. bridge) and tested them using a 2×2 between-subjects, repeated measures design. The study used an innovative virtual reality technology experimental platform; four virtual worlds were designed to convey the concept that genetic and behavioral factors interact to affect common disease risk. The primary outcome was comprehension (recall, transfer). Study participants were 42 undergraduates aged 19–23. The results indicated that the elevator metaphor better supported learning of the concept than the bridge metaphor. Mean transfer score was significantly higher for the elevator metaphor (p<0.05). Mean change in recall was significantly higher for didactic learning than active learning (p<0.05). However, mean ratings for variables posited to be associated with better learning (e.g., motivation) were generally higher for the active learning worlds. The results suggested that active learning might not always be more effective than didactic learning in increasing comprehension of health information. The findings also indicated that less complex metaphors might convey abstract concepts more effectively. PMID:19466649

  5. Strategies for Medical Data Extraction and Presentation Part 3: Automated Context- and User-Specific Data Extraction.

    PubMed

    Reiner, Bruce

    2015-08-01

    In current medical practice, data extraction is limited by a number of factors including lack of information system integration, manual workflow, excessive workloads, and lack of standardized databases. The combined limitations result in clinically important data often being overlooked, which can adversely affect clinical outcomes through the introduction of medical error, diminished diagnostic confidence, excessive utilization of medical services, and delays in diagnosis and treatment planning. Current technology development is largely inflexible and static in nature, which adversely affects functionality and usage among the diverse and heterogeneous population of end users. In order to address existing limitations in medical data extraction, alternative technology development strategies need to be considered which incorporate the creation of end user profile groups (to account for occupational differences among end users), customization options (accounting for individual end user needs and preferences), and context specificity of data (taking into account both the task being performed and data subject matter). Creation of the proposed context- and user-specific data extraction and presentation templates offers a number of theoretical benefits including automation and improved workflow, completeness in data search, ability to track and verify data sources, creation of computerized decision support and learning tools, and establishment of data-driven best practice guidelines. PMID:25833768

  6. Create and deliver executive presentations

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    in response to a business case. BUAD 301BUAD 201 BUAD 501 Competency #3: Critical Thinking Discerning thinkers strategies and visual support. Give a brief, informal business presentation. Design a formal business IN BUSINESS WRITING: BUAD 201, 301, and 501 BUAD 301BUAD 201 BUAD 501 Competency #1: Oral Communication

  7. Satellite Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technology Teacher, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Presents a discussion of communication satellites: explains the principles of satellite communication, describes examples of how governments and industries are currently applying communication satellites, analyzes issues confronting satellite communication, links mathematics and science to the study of satellite communication, and applies…

  8. Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1988 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (10th, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 14-19, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; Frederick, Jacqueline K., Ed.

    The 54 papers in this volume represent some of the most current thinking in educational communications and technology. Individual papers address the following topics: feedback in computer-assisted instruction (CAI); cognitive style and cognitive strategies in CAI; persuasive film-making; learning strategies; computer technology and children's word…

  9. Pragmatic strategies in English as an academic lingua franca: Ways of achieving communicative effectiveness?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beyza Björkman

    2011-01-01

    This paper will report the findings of a study that has investigated spoken English as a lingua franca (ELF) usage in Swedish higher education. The material comprises digital recordings of lectures and student group-work sessions, all being naturally occurring, authentic high-stakes spoken exchange, i.e. from non-language-teaching contexts. The aim of the present paper, which constitutes a part of a larger

  10. Electromagnetic Interference to Flight Navigation and Communication Systems: New Strategies in the Age of Wireless

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ely, Jay J.

    2005-01-01

    Electromagnetic interference (EMI) promises to be an ever-evolving concern for flight electronic systems. This paper introduces EMI and identifies its impact upon civil aviation radio systems. New wireless services, like mobile phones, text messaging, email, web browsing, radio frequency identification (RFID), and mobile audio/video services are now being introduced into passenger airplanes. FCC and FAA rules governing the use of mobile phones and other portable electronic devices (PEDs) on board airplanes are presented along with a perspective of how these rules are now being rewritten to better facilitate in-flight wireless services. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of NASA cooperative research with the FAA, RTCA, airlines and universities to obtain laboratory radiated emission data for numerous PED types, aircraft radio frequency (RF) coupling measurements, estimated aircraft radio interference thresholds, and direct-effects EMI testing. These elements are combined together to provide high-confidence answers regarding the EMI potential of new wireless products being used on passenger airplanes. This paper presents a vision for harmonizing new wireless services with aeronautical radio services by detecting, assessing, controlling and mitigating the effects of EMI.

  11. ANONYMOUS COMMUNICATIONS ON THE INTERNET Ying Wang and Partha Dasgupta

    E-print Network

    Dasgupta, Partha

    ANONYMOUS COMMUNICATIONS ON THE INTERNET Ying Wang and Partha Dasgupta Dept. of Computer Science. Anonymous communication strategies mostly shield the sender of messages from identification. This paper presents a protocol for anonymous communication over internet that can also provide receiver anonymity. Our

  12. Parents' Adoption of Social Communication Intervention Strategies: Families Including Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Who Are Minimally Verbal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shire, Stephanie Y.; Goods, Kelly; Shih, Wendy; Distefano, Charlotte; Kaiser, Ann; Wright, Courtney; Mathy, Pamela; Landa, Rebecca; Kasari, Connie

    2015-01-01

    Notably absent from the intervention literature are parent training programs targeting school-aged children with autism who have limited communication skills (Tager-Flusberg and Kasari in "Autism Res" 6:468-478, 2013). Sixty-one children with autism age 5-8 with minimal spontaneous communication received a 6-month social communication

  13. Present status and future strategy in breeding faba beans (Vicia Faba L.) for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. A. Bond; G. J. Jellis; G. G. Rowland; J. Le Guen; L. D. Robertson; S. A. Khalil; L. Li-Juan

    1993-01-01

    Progress is being made, mainly by ICARDA but also elsewhere, in breeding for resistance to Botrytis, AScochyta, Uromyces, and Orobanche; and some lines have resistance to more than one pathogen. The strategy is to extend multiple resistance but also to seek new and durable forms of resistance. Internationally coordinated programs are needed to maintain the momentum of this work.

  14. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (33rd, Anaheim, California, 2010). Volume 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    For the thirty-third year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  15. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (32nd, Louisville, KY, 2009). Volume 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    For the thirty-second year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  16. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (30th, Anaheim, California, 2007). Volume 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    For the thirtieth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  17. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (30th, Anaheim, California, 2007). Volume 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    For the thirtieth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  18. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (31st, Orlando, FL, 2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    For the thirty-first year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) sponsored the publication of these Proceedings. Papers were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. This year's Proceedings has two sections--Section 1 includes research and development papers and…

  19. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

  20. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

  1. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  2. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  3. An International Information Order? A Short Survey on the History and the Present State of a Challenging Concept. Communication Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keune, Reinhard

    The issue of a world-wide information order is the focus of this paper, which outlines the history, status, perspective, and consequences of the NIICO (International Information and Communication Order) debate. The first section explains the concerns and events that led to a unanimously passed resolution by UNESCO calling for a new order for the…

  4. Presents: "Adopting Active Learning Strategies in Engineering Gateway Classes" Problem solving is considered to be a central activity of engineering practice with engineering problems having been

    E-print Network

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Presents: "Adopting Active Learning Strategies in Engineering Gateway Classes" Problem solving is considered to be a central activity of engineering practice with engineering problems having been described, that is their beliefs as to the certainty of knowledge. Both student identities as revealed through problem

  5. Adaptive Resource Allocation Algorithm Based on Sequence Strategy of Modulated MIMO-OFDM for UWB Communication System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liu Jie; Wu Yiwen

    2010-01-01

    The next generation mobile communication-4G will support high data transmission rate and high frequency efficiency. In order to satisfy the future requirements of wireless access systems, UWB, IMO, OFDM are the most competitive technologies in future wireless communication systems. This paper describes the use of adaptive modulated multi-input multi-output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing to enable effective communications in UWB systems

  6. Assessing the format of the presentation of text in developing a Reading Strategy Assessment Tool (R-SAT).

    PubMed

    Gilliam, Sara; Magliano, Joseph P; Millis, Keith K; Levinstein, Irwin; Boonthum, Chutima

    2007-05-01

    We are constructing a new computerized test of reading comprehension called the Reading Strategy Assessment Tool (R-SAT). R-SAT elicits and analyzes verbal protocols that readers generate in response to questions as they read texts. We examined whether the amount of information available to the reader when reading and answering questions influenced the extent to which R-SAT accounts for comprehension. We found that R-SAT was most predictive of comprehension when the readers did not have access to the text as they answered questions. PMID:17695345

  7. 2012 NEHA/UL sabbatical report: vulnerability to potential impacts of climate change: adaptation and risk communication strategies for environmental health practitioners in the United Kingdom.

    PubMed

    Ratnapradipa, Dhitinut

    2014-04-01

    Climate change risk assessment, adaptation, and mitigation planning have become increasingly important to environmental health practitioners (EHPs). The NEHA/UL Sabbatical Exchange Award allowed me to investigate how EHPs in the UK are incorporating climate change planning and communication strategies into their work. Projected climate change risks in the UK include flooding, extreme heat, water shortages, severe weather, decreased air quality, and changes in vectors. Despite public perception and funding challenges, all the local government representatives with whom I met incorporated climate change risk assessment, adaptation, and mitigation planning into their work. The mandated Community Risk Register serves as a key planning document developed by each local government authority and is a meaningful way to look at potential climate change health risks. Adaptation and sustainability were common threads in my meetings. These often took the form of "going green" with transportation, energy efficiency, conserving resources, and building design because the efforts made sense monetarily as future cost savings. Communication strategies targeted a variety of audiences (EHPs, non-EHP government employees, politicians, and the general public) using a broad range of communication channels (professional training, lobbying, conferences and fairs, publications, print materials, Internet resources, social media, billboards, etc). PMID:24749223

  8. Priorities and Strategies for the Implementation of Integrated Informatics and Communications Technology to Improve Evidence-Based Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bradley N. Doebbeling; Ann F. Chou; William M. Tierney

    2006-01-01

    The U.S. health care system is one of the world's most advanced systems. Yet, the health care system suffers from unexplained practice variations, major gaps be- tween evidence and practice, and suboptimal quality. Although information processing, communication, and management are key to health care delivery and con- siderable evidence links information\\/communication technology (IT) to improvements in patient safety and quality

  9. Effective Teaching and Learning Strategies Using Compressed Video.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruce, Mary Alice; Shade, Richard A.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the potential of compressed video, addresses its constraints, and presents teaching and learning strategies using this technology. Highlights include the technological revolution, site logistics and learning activities, facilitation and management, communication and interpersonal factors, learner involvement, equipment, and written…

  10. Fan-In Communications On A Cray Gemini Interconnect

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, Terry R [ORNL] [ORNL; Settlemyer, Bradley W [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Using the Cray Gemini interconnect as our platform, we present a study of an important class of communication operations the fan-in communication pattern. By its nature, fan-in communications form hot spots that present significant challenges for any interconnect fabric and communication software stack. Yet despite the inherent challenges, these communication patterns are common in both applications (which often perform reductions and other collective operations that include fan-in communication such as barriers) and system software (where they assume an important role within parallel file systems and other components requiring high-bandwidth or low-latency I/O). Our study determines the effectiveness of differing clientserver fan-in strategies. We describe fan-in performance in terms of aggregate bandwidth in the presence of varying degrees of congestion, as well as several other key attributes. Comparison numbers are presented for the Cray Aries interconnect. Finally, we provide recommended communication strategies based on our findings.

  11. Introduction Learning Learning MSCs Classes of learnable regular MSC languages Tool Presentation Learning Communication Protocols from Scenarios

    E-print Network

    Ábrahám, Erika

    Introduction Learning Learning MSCs Classes of learnable regular MSC languages Tool Presentation languages Tool Presentation Outline 1 Introduction 2 Learning 3 Learning MSCs 4 Classes of learnable regular MSC languages 5 Tool Presentation #12;Introduction Learning Learning MSCs Classes of learnable regular

  12. Experience With A Small Scale All Digital CT And MRI Clinical Service Unit: Present Status Of Kyoto University Hospital Image Database And Communication System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minato, K.; Komori, M.; Nakano, Y.

    1988-06-01

    Kyoto University Hospital is currently developing a prototype PAC system named KIDS (Kyoto univ. hosp. Image Database and communication System). The present goal of the system is to achieve the totally digital CT and MRI unit in the radiological department. Because KIDS is designed as a first step of a long-range plan towards a hospital wide system, it includes all of the basic functions required in realizing the PAC system, such as communication networks, a long term archiving unit, a laser film printer and image workstations. The system concept, architecture and current status are described in this paper. Our early experience and evaluations with the system in a clinical environment are also mentioned.

  13. Analysis and correction techniques of Doppler shift for non-geosynchronous communication satellites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Enric Vilar; John Austin

    1991-01-01

    An experimental and theoretical study of Doppler correction strategies for elliptical orbit satellite communications is presented. The estimation and correction of this Doppler frequency shift, which otherwise would impair the operation of the communication system, are considered. Exact analytical expressions for Doppler shift and elevation angle as a function of perigee time of the ground station are discussed. Various strategies

  14. Evaluating Risk Communication: Examining Target Audience Perceptions About Four Presentation Formats for Fish Consumption Health Advisory Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy A. Connelly; Barbara A. Knuth

    1998-01-01

    Information format can influence the extent to which target audiences understand and respond to risk-related information. This study examined four elements of risk information presentation format. Using printed materials, we examined target audience perceptions about: (a) reading level; (b) use of diagrams vs. text; (c) commanding versus cajoling tone; and (d) use of qualitative vs. quantitative information presented in a

  15. Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1986 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (Las Vegas, NV, January 16-21, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; And Others

    Current issues in educational communications and technology are addressed in this collection of 47 papers, in which research reports dominate. Topics discussed include factors related to the learner, e.g., problem-solving skills, motivation, comparison of instructional design strategies, effects of organizational cues and text layouts, and…

  16. A 100-year-old anatomical specimen presenting with boomerang-like skeletal dysplasia: diagnostic strategies and outcome.

    PubMed

    Oostra, R J; Dijkstra, P F; Baljet, B; Verbeeten, B W; Hennekam, R C

    1999-07-16

    The Museum Vrolik collection of human anatomy comprises 360 recently redescribed specimens with congenital anomalies. The specimen described here dated from 1881 and presented with a general embryonic appearance, disproportionate short stature, brachycephaly, widened cranial sutures, hypertelorism, microphthalmia, bilateral cleft lip and palate, micrognathia, short and curved limbs, polysyndactyly, and abnormal female genitalia. Conventional radiography was hampered by decalcification of the skeleton, due to acidification of the preservation fluid. The use of additional imaging techniques, i.e., mammography, computerized tomography with three-dimensional reconstruction, and magnetic resonance imaging eventually led us to conclude that the condition of our specimen was similar to Piepkorn type skeletal dysplasia, boomerang dysplasia, and a condition described by Carpenter and Hunter [1982: J Med Genet 19:311-315], though none of these diagnoses seemed fully applicable. PMID:10406666

  17. De novo aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage 7 years after initial cryptogenic subarachnoid hemorrhage: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Wenz, H; Al Mahdi, M-M; Ehrlich, G; Scharf, J; Schmiedek, P; Seiz, M

    2015-03-01

    Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is usually caused by a ruptured cerebral aneurysm. Despite the use of initial four-vessel cerebral digital subtraction angiography (DSA), 15?% of all cases remain idiopathic. According to the initial computed tomographic scan, the spontaneous SAH can be divided into a perimesencephalic group associated with a benign nature and a nonperimesencephalic group with a similar clinical course as aneurysmal SAH. We present a case of a 49-year-old man with a de novo aneurysm formation of the anterior communicating artery with SAH 7 years after initial cryptogenic nonperimesencephalic SAH. This observation suggests that in some cases, long-term angiographic studies might be justified. PMID:24384679

  18. Perception, consequences, communication, and strategies for handling fatigue in persons with rheumatoid arthritis of working age--a focus group study.

    PubMed

    Feldthusen, Caroline; Björk, Mathilda; Forsblad-d'Elia, Helena; Mannerkorpi, Kaisa

    2013-05-01

    The aim of this study was to describe how persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of working age experience and handle their fatigue in everyday life. Six focus group discussions were conducted focusing on experiences of fatigue in 25 persons with RA (19 women, 6 men), aged 20-60 years. The discussions were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed according to qualitative content analysis. The analyses resulted in four categories. (1) Perception of fatigue: Fatigue was experienced different from normal tiredness, unpredictable, and overwhelming. It was associated with negative emotions, changed self-image, and fears. Feelings of frustration and shame were central when the persons were forced to omit valued life activities. (2) Consequences due to fatigue: The fatigue caused changes in cognitive ability, ability to act, and overall activity pattern where the increased need for rest and sleep caused an imbalance in daily life. The participants struggled not to let the fatigue interfere with work. The fatigue also brought negative consequences for their significant others. (3) Communicating fatigue: Fatigue was difficult to gain understanding for, and the participants adjusted their communication accordingly; it was important to keep up appearances. During medical consultation, fatigue was perceived as a factor not given much consideration, and the participants expressed taking responsibility for managing their fatigue symptoms themselves. (4) Strategies to handle fatigue: Strategies comprised conscious self-care, mental strategies, planning, and prioritizing. Fatigue caused considerable health problems for persons with RA of working age: negative emotions, imbalance in daily life due to increased need for rest, and difficulties gaining understanding. This draws attention to the importance of developing new modes of care to address fatigue in RA. Person-centered care to improve balance in life may be one approach needing further investigations. PMID:23292480

  19. Understanding the Picture Exchange Communication System and Its Application in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Amanda; Sandt, Dawn

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and its applications in physical education. The PECS is an appropriate communication intervention for students with autism who lack functional communication skills. It is often confused with other visual support strategies, so the authors delineate the six phases of PECS and…

  20. Adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in academic libraries: A strategy for library networking in Nigeria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Okon E. Ani; Jacob E. Esin; Nkoyo Edem

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – This study aims to investigate the extent of adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in university libraries in Nigeria. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Postal survey was the instrument used for data collection. Almost 60 per cent of the University Librarians out of the 29 university libraries surveyed completed their questionnaires. Findings – The results of the survey show that

  1. Developing Strategies for Communications about Disability: Experiences in the U.S., Hong Kong, India and Pakistan. Monograph #47.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolucki, Barbara

    The manual describes a variety of media approaches in the United States, Hong Kong, India, and Pakistan to changing attitudes toward the disabled. Four principles of media communications are stressed: (1) children's television is an important vehicle for changing attitudes; (2) it is vital to know the audience; (3) active participation by the…

  2. Estimating the Success of Political Communication Strategies: The Case of Political Poster Impact in a Belgian Election

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Van den Bulck

    1993-01-01

    This article discusses some of the problems of measuring political advertising effectiveness. It is argued that research about effects of political communication seems to lead to conclusions which are less easily contested if measurements are limited to cognitive effects, for which the term `impact' is used. Political campaign posters are used as a research tool to measure the impact of

  3. Increasing Parental Involvement in the Preschool Program by Offering Alternative Communication Strategies between Parents and School Staff.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blakes-Greenway, Doris

    This practicum was designed to improve communication between the mostly low-income, Hispanic parents and the non-Hispanic staff of a school-based preschool program. Parents of the program's 20 children were surveyed to determine what factors might encourage their participation in school functions. Parents were also interviewed by telephone and in…

  4. The Effect of Communication Strategy and Planning Intervention on the Processes and Performance of Course Material Development Teams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padmo Putri, Dewi A.

    2012-01-01

    In most open and distance learning institutions, the development of learning materials, whether in print or electronic form, is created by teams consisting of people with different skills. Team communication has a critical influence on the development of team shared mental models (SMMs) as well as team performance. A review of the literature…

  5. mass communication advertising &

    E-print Network

    Finzi, Adrien

    mass communication advertising & public relations introduction. Graduate programs in the Department of Mass Communication, Advertising, and Public Relations provide an entry to a wide spectrum of careers the opportunity to create content, campaigns, strategy, and research in public relations, advertising

  6. Fluid-Structure Interactions of the Mitral Valve and Left Heart: Comprehensive Strategies, Past, Present and Future

    PubMed Central

    Einstein, Daniel R.; Del Pin, Facundo; Jiao, Xiangmin; Kuprat, Andrew P.; Carson, James P.; Kunzelman, Karyn S.; Cochran, Richard P.; Guccione, Julius M.; Ratcliffe, Mark B.

    2009-01-01

    SUMMARY The remodeling that occurs after a posterolateral myocardial infarction can alter mitral valve function by creating conformational abnormalities in the mitral annulus and in the posteromedial papillary muscle, leading to mitral regurgitation (MR). It is generally assumed that this remodeling is caused by a volume load and is mediated by an increase in diastolic wall stress. Thus, mitral regurgitation can be both the cause and effect of an abnormal cardiac stress environment. Computational modeling of ischemic MR and its surgical correction is attractive because it enables an examination of whether a given intervention addresses the correction of regurgitation (fluid-flow) at the cost of abnormal tissue stress. This is significant because the negative effects of an increased wall stress due to the intervention will only be evident over time. However, a meaningful fluid-structure interaction model of the left heart is not trivial; it requires a careful characterization of the in-vivo cardiac geometry, tissue parameterization though inverse analysis, a robust coupled solver that handles collapsing Lagrangian interfaces, automatic grid-generation algorithms that are capable of accurately discretizing the cardiac geometry, innovations in image analysis, competent and efficient constitutive models and an understanding of the spatial organization of tissue microstructure. In this manuscript, we profile our work toward a comprehensive fluid-structure interaction model of the left heart by reviewing our early work, presenting our current work and laying out our future work in four broad categories: data collection, geometry, fluid-structure interaction and validation. PMID:20454531

  7. Extensive Central Nervous System Cryptococcal Disease Presenting as Immune Reconstitution Syndrome in a Patient with Advanced HIV: Report of a Case and Review of Management Dilemmas and Strategies

    PubMed Central

    Ogbuagu, Onyema; Villanueva, Merceditas

    2014-01-01

    One of the complications of the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART), immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), is particularly problematic in the management of cryptococcal meningitis. We present the case of a 35-year-old male with acquired immune deficiency syndrome diagnosed with extensive central nervous system (CNS) cryptococcal disease, including meningitis and multiple intracranial cysts, diagnosed eight weeks after the initiation of ART. The patient experienced a relapsing and remitting clinical course despite repeated courses of potent antifungal therapy and aggressive management of raised intracranial pressure. This review highlights therapeutic dilemmas and strategies in the management of CNS cryptococcosis complicated with IRIS and highlights gaps in available treatment guidelines. PMID:25568756

  8. When Patients Are Impatient: The Communication Strategies Utilized by Emergency Department Employees to Manage Patients Frustrated by Wait Times

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth L. Cohen; Holley A. Wilkin; Michael Tannebaum; Melissa S. Plew; Leon L. Haley Jr

    2012-01-01

    Studies have documented the frustrations patients experience during long wait times in emergency departments (EDs), but considerably less research has sought to understand ED staff responses to these frustrations. In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 ED social workers, patient navigators, and medical staff members at a large urban hospital regarding their experiences and interpersonal strategies for dealing with frustrated patients.

  9. Resisting Pressure from Peers to Engage in Sexual Behavior: What Communication Strategies Do Early Adolescent Latino Girls Use?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norris, Anne E.; Pettigrew, Jonathan; Miller-Day, Michelle; Hecht, Michael L.; Hutchison, Janet; Campoe, Kristi

    2015-01-01

    A content analysis of early adolescent X-bar = 12.02 years) Latino girls' (n = 44) responses to open-ended questions embedded in an electronic survey was conducted to explore strategies girls may use to resist peer pressure with respect to sexual behavior. Analysis yielded 341 codable response units, 74% of which were consistent with the REAL…

  10. Enabling a Prelinguistic Communicator with Autism to Use Picture Card as a Strategy for Repairing Listener Misunderstandings: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohtake, Yoshihisa; Wehmeyer, Michael; Uchida, Naomi; Nakaya, Akitaka; Yanagihara, Masafumi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to examine the effects of a time-delay prompting procedure on the acquisition of skills for repairing multiple listener misunderstandings. A prelinguistic student with autism was taught to use picture cards as a strategy to repair listener misunderstandings in a setting where the student had to ask the listener…

  11. Superfund TIO videos: Set B. Community relations, communicating with the media and presenting technical information. Part 9. Audio-Visual

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The videotape is divided into three sections. Section 1 discusses the Superfund Community Relations (CR) Program and its history and objectives. Community Relations requirements as defined by CERCLA for Superfund actions are outlined. Community Relations requirements, the nature of community involvement in CR plans, effective CR techniques, and the roles of the OSC, RPM, and EPA Community Relations Coordinator (CRC) are discussed. Section 2 (1) describes the media's perspective on seeking information; (2) identifies five settings and mechanisms for interacting with the media; (3) offers good media-relations techniques; and (4) lists tips for conducting media interviews. Section 3 outlines techniques for presenting technical information, describes how to be prepared to address typical issues of community concern, and identifies the four key elements in handling tough questions.

  12. Manual for Language Development: A Handbook of Strategies for Teaching Children Whose Communicative Skills Range From Non-Responsiveness to Use of Academic Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Tom W., Jr., Ed.

    Intended for those working with deaf blind children, the document discusses strategies for developing language. Information on objectives, materials, and methods are presented for 10 levels of language development: the nonresponsive child, the child with differentiated crying, the child who demonstrates "stimulus-response" behavior to situational…

  13. Communicating Evaluation Results to the Public: A Four Step Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunch, Michael B.; And Others

    A procedure is presented for communicating evaluation results to various publics in an effort to achieve wider use of the results. A combination of strategies from the evaluation specialist and public relations specialists first requires an analysis of the perceptions of people with whom the evaluators wish to communicate. This analysis must…

  14. Strategies of the honeybee Apis mellifera during visual search for vertical targets presented at various heights: a role for spatial attention?

    PubMed Central

    Morawetz, Linde; Chittka, Lars; Spaethe, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    When honeybees are presented with a colour discrimination task, they tend to choose swiftly and accurately when objects are presented in the ventral part of their frontal visual field. In contrast, poor performance is observed when objects appear in the dorsal part. Here we investigate if this asymmetry is caused by fixed search patterns or if bees can use alternative search mechanisms such as spatial attention, which allows flexible focusing on different areas of the visual field. We asked individual honeybees to choose an orange rewarded target among blue distractors. Target and distractors were presented in the ventral visual field, the dorsal field or both. Bees presented with targets in the ventral visual field consistently had the highest search efficiency, with rapid decisions, high accuracy and direct flight paths. In contrast, search performance for dorsally located targets was inaccurate and slow at the beginning of the test phase, but bees increased their search performance significantly after a few learning trials: they found the target faster, made fewer errors and flew in a straight line towards the target. However, bees needed thrice as long to improve the search for a dorsally located target when the target’s position changed randomly between the ventral and the dorsal visual field. We propose that honeybees form expectations of the location of the target’s appearance and adapt their search strategy accordingly. Different possible mechanisms of this behavioural adaptation are discussed. PMID:25254109

  15. Strategies of the honeybee Apis mellifera during visual search for vertical targets presented at various heights: a role for spatial attention?

    PubMed

    Morawetz, Linde; Chittka, Lars; Spaethe, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    When honeybees are presented with a colour discrimination task, they tend to choose swiftly and accurately when objects are presented in the ventral part of their frontal visual field. In contrast, poor performance is observed when objects appear in the dorsal part. Here we investigate if this asymmetry is caused by fixed search patterns or if bees can use alternative search mechanisms such as spatial attention, which allows flexible focusing on different areas of the visual field. We asked individual honeybees to choose an orange rewarded target among blue distractors. Target and distractors were presented in the ventral visual field, the dorsal field or both. Bees presented with targets in the ventral visual field consistently had the highest search efficiency, with rapid decisions, high accuracy and direct flight paths. In contrast, search performance for dorsally located targets was inaccurate and slow at the beginning of the test phase, but bees increased their search performance significantly after a few learning trials: they found the target faster, made fewer errors and flew in a straight line towards the target. However, bees needed thrice as long to improve the search for a dorsally located target when the target's position changed randomly between the ventral and the dorsal visual field. We propose that honeybees form expectations of the location of the target's appearance and adapt their search strategy accordingly. Different possible mechanisms of this behavioural adaptation are discussed. PMID:25254109

  16. Communications II 1 Presentation Skills

    E-print Network

    Mitchener, W. Garrett

    important three aspects are voice, body language and appearance, however, the practice is essential: "pronounce the distinctive sounds of a language clearly enough so that people can distinguish them. This includes making tonal distinctions", "use the register or language variety that is appropriate

  17. The Effect of Using a Program Based on Cooperative Learning Strategy on Developing some Oral Communication Skills of Students, at English Department, Faculty of Education, Sana'a University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuheer, Khaled Mohsen Mohammed

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of study is to investigate the effective of using a cooperative learning strategy STAD-based program on developing some oral communication skills of second level students, English Department, Faculty of Education, Sana'a University. Based on literature review, related studies and a panel of jury members' point of view, a list of 5 oral…

  18. Cancer chemoprevention and cancer preventive vaccines--a call to action: leaders of diverse stakeholder groups present strategies for overcoming multiple barriers to meet an urgent need.

    PubMed

    Herberman, Ronald B; Pearce, Homer L; Lippman, Scott M; Pyenson, Bruce S; Alberts, David S

    2006-12-15

    The emerging field of cancer prevention through chemoprevention agents and cancer vaccines offers significant promise for reducing suffering and death from cancer. However, that promise may not be kept unless major barriers to progress are lowered or eliminated. Among the most significant barriers are the relatively small investment from government and industry in research and development of cancer preventive agents; a predominant emphasis of translational cancer research on therapeutic interventions for metastatic or advanced cancer; complexities of prevention trial design; a relatively uncharted Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval process for preventive agents; insufficient public and patient understanding of the importance and potential for cancer preventive measures, with consequent unpredictable public and patient willingness to take preventive agents; an uncertain reimbursement from payors; and limitations in patent law, liability protection, and data package exclusivity that undermine the opportunity for recouping investment. Viewed individually or collectively, each of these barriers serves as a substantial deterrent to intellectual and financial investment by all sectors of the cancer community. In an effort to ultimately overcome these barriers, a Cancer Prevention Research Summit was assembled June 12-13, 2006 in Bethesda, Maryland, organized by C-Change with support from the AACR. The Summit brought together some 120 leaders from private, public, and not-for-profit entities, including cancer researchers and clinicians; federal health officials; regulatory agency representatives; pharmaceutical, biotech, and food industry leaders; patent attorneys; economists; public and private provider group executives; and advocates. Participants engaged in a detailed process to more carefully define the major barriers, identify potential solutions, and formulate initial priorities and recommendations for action. At the conclusion of this dialogue among experts, the following recommended actions were outlined: define policy solutions to patent, intellectual property, and liability law barriers; create an advisory document about the approval process for cancer chemopreventive agents and vaccines for the FDA; develop new design models for cancer chemopreventive clinical trials; outline the business case for chemopreventive agents and vaccines for federal research agencies, payors and investors; and implement a communications strategy to increase public awareness about the importance of chemoprevention and cancer preventive vaccines. PMID:17158189

  19. Age associated communication between cells and matrix: a potential impact on stem cell-based tissue regeneration strategies.

    PubMed

    Lynch, Kevin; Pei, Ming

    2014-01-01

    A recent paper demonstrated that decellularized extracellular matrix (DECM) deposited by synovium-derived stem cells (SDSCs), especially from fetal donors, could rejuvenate human adult SDSCs in both proliferation and chondrogenic potential, in which expanded cells and corresponding culture substrate (such as DECM) were found to share a mutual reaction in both elasticity and protein profiles (see ref. (1) ). It seems that young DECM may assist in the development of culture strategies that optimize proliferation and maintain "stemness" of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), helping to overcome one of the primary difficulties in MSC-based regenerative therapies. In this paper, the effects of age on the proliferative capacity and differentiation potential of MSCs are reviewed, along with the ability of DECM from young cells to rejuvenate old cells. In an effort to highlight some of the potential molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon, we discuss age-related changes to extracellular matrix (ECM)'s physical properties and chemical composition. PMID:25482504

  20. Mathematical Understanding 5-11: A Practical Guide to Creative Communication in Maths

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cockburn, Anne D.

    2007-01-01

    Children's mathematical misconceptions very often arise as a result of poor communication. This practical and innovative book presents a range of creative strategies to help teachers communicate effectively in the mathematics classroom, offering some new ways of presenting the fundamental concepts and principles of mathematics, and clearly…

  1. The Picture Exchange Communication System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew S. Bondy; Lori A. Frost

    1994-01-01

    A variety of strategies have been used to help children with autism acquire functional communication skills. The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a unique communication training program that was developed as a means of circumventing some shortcomings associatd with these strategies. A description of the steps within PECS is provided. Long-term group data have indicated that a large proportion

  2. Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (33rd, Anaheim, California, 2010). Volume 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    For the thirty-third year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. This is Volume #2 of the 33rd "Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology." This volume includes papers…

  3. Global Marketing Communications and Strategic Regionalism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rowan Wilken; John Sinclair

    2011-01-01

    This article examines how ideas of global standardization, localization, and regionalization are played out in relation to global marketing. Its aim is to deepen present understanding of global marketing communications and corporate strategy through case studies examining corporate responses to the issues of global standardization, localization, and regionalization. To do this, a research project was developed: an exploratory analysis of

  4. Exploring Technology Education: Exploring Communication Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joerschke, John D.

    These instructional materials include a teacher's guide designed to assist instructors in organizing and presenting a unit of study on communication technology and a student guide. The materials are based on the curriculum-alignment concept of first stating the objectives, developing instructional strategies for teaching those objectives, and then…

  5. Anthropogenic versus natural processes and pollution in Padana Valley in last years involving new communication/policy strategies and ethical issues in research evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quattrocchi, Fedora; Vaccaro, Carmela; Boschi, Enzo

    2014-05-01

    Smart grids-Smat cities "fashion" requires management plans of highly urbanized areas located over the Padanian floodplain, which are prone to diffuse pollution of both lands and urban sectors, mostly after the disasters caused by tremendous alluvial rains in January 2014, when shallow aquifers and agricultural matters could have increase pollution over wide territory. Moreover the urban expansion has affected areas previously used for industrial activity and in some cases such for landfills. When the loss of memory of previous activity prevails after urbanization, with health issues, ethical questions are inevitable, accompanied by social conflicts and economic impacts. The alluvial plains of active tectonic areas - as the Padania Valley - in additions to widespread "anthropogenic pollution" is suffering from widespread "natural pollution" of deep fluid sources - mainly methane - corresponding to areas prone to uprising gaseous brines, along faults. Some of them were partially activated during the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence. This noteworthy seismic sequence engaged discussion about the possible role of gas storages and hydrocarbons production or the simple/exploring drilling activity to trigger typical tectonic seismicity. The paper deepen this troubled communication strategy, their gaps and peculiar geopolicy case histories, to avoid the same strategy, in the future. On the other hand, gas burst or brine-gas-contamination in shallow aquifers, soils and indoor, should be studied by simple and cheap methods, by deepening stratigraphic gaps for the tectonics effects on sedimentation: natural processes should be recalled prior to recall anthropogenic causes, if any. Policy should be more responsible in state clearly the role of research in study infrastructures/processes, also when engaged by private companies, for sites selected by ministries mostly to star research: relevant gaps involves serious confusion in the public as regards responsibility and an exact reconstruction of the true facts. Moreover these areas are affected by natural enrichment in heavy metals and toxic elements harmful to the health: geochemical surveying may allow both to recognize issues of diffuse "natural pollution" and to identify markers and tracers able to discriminate among anthropogenic and natural anomalies by geochemical methods mostly. The discovery of pollution emergency poses the problem of how to share to the public scientific data, avoiding that communication produces alarmism or persecution for the involved researchers, as occurred in the past. When diffuse pollution is linked to natural causes which can be defined as transient that precede potential gas-burst disasters, the risk communication by researchers not always meets sufficient support from those who are responsible for the administration of the territory, being afraid to lose the political consensus. Conflicts of interest in promoting certain non urgent research should be highlighted readily and clearly. This is one of the main cause of low resources devoted to the study of transient geochemical contamination in shallow aquifers, which could be useful for seismotectonic research too. A discussion about: i) intellectual property & equal opportunity for all Earth Science researchers to have access to the public research calls (MIUR, MATT MSE Ministries); ii) about the critical research on some short-term hazards, which penalized the researchers in terms of scientific productivity and career was opened by the paper, suggesting new research evaluation indicators -ethical ones- than Impact Factor only.

  6. Communication Strategies Must Be Tailored to a Medication's Targeted Population: Lessons from the Case of BiDil

    PubMed Central

    Hawkins-Taylor, Chamika; Carlson, Angeline M

    2013-01-01

    Background The American population's diversity continues to grow, and its racial and ethnic mixes are changing. The US healthcare system must confront this changing reality. The introduction of isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine hydrochloride (BiDil) to the US marketplace was a move toward recognizing these changing consumer needs. BiDil was approved specifically as a secondary treatment for heart failure in African-American patients. It remains the first and only drug approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for a race-based indication. To ensure commercial success, a drug must be made “visible” to healthcare providers and to consumers. Objectives To describe and analyze the case of BiDil and its potential implications for drugs developed for targeted populations to help them avoid a similar fate of market withdrawal because of commercial considerations. Method This analysis is based on 12 comprehensive interviews with 5 clinical investigators, 1 minority healthcare provider, and 5 pharmaceutical representatives, as well as a review of the literature. Overall, 12 one-hour semistructured interviews were conducted. Of the 11 interviewees, 10 were interviewed once and 1 was interviewed once early in the process and then had a second interview by the end of the study. When the 12 scheduled interviews were completed, the recordings were transcribed and subjected to analysis through the use of a readily available computer software package, using concepts and themes collected from the literature and the interviewees' responses. Results The interviewees lacked consensus regarding the unique nature of BiDil. The clinical researchers considered it innovative in identifying that taking the 2 drugs together produced the greatest clinical effect in African-American patients with heart failure. For them, BiDil represented an innovation in the emerging field of personalized medicine. However, they were dismayed to see that these beliefs were challenged by the medical community and their physician colleagues. They reported that practicing, mainly primary care physicians considered the development of a branded medication that combined 2 older drugs to be superfluous, because the same effect could be achieved by administering each agent individually at the same time. Obtaining a patent for BiDil, therefore, was seen simply as a desire for commercial gain. During the approval hearings, representatives of the sponsored company attributed these concerns to “misinformed physicians” and “uninformed patients.” Conclusion The case of BiDil demonstrates that a marketing strategy for a population with unique health issues requires an understanding of underlying cultural, social, and economic underpinnings. Ignorance of these dynamics within the African-American community was blatantly reflected at the launch of the drug. Although BiDil remains a treatment option, there is no marketing effort to promote its use. The failure to capture the targeted market for the drug has important implications for the future of commercial considerations in the development of race-based medications. PMID:24991371

  7. Communication Aids in the Classroom: The Views of Education Staff and Speech and Language Therapists Involved with the Communication Aids Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Jannet A.; Newton, Caroline; Clarke, Michael; Donlan, Chris; Lister, Claire; Cherguit, Jasmina

    2006-01-01

    The findings presented in this paper are part of an independent evaluation study of the Communication Aids Project (CAP). The study was carried out between July 2003 and April 2004 and looked at the impact of CAP on children receiving communication aids and evaluated the CAP strategy of assessment and delivery. In this paper the views of education…

  8. The Contemporary Relevance of Communication Research: Using "Communication Currents" in the Communication Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldeck, Jennifer H.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe a rationale and strategies for use of the National Communication Association's online magazine, "Communication Currents", in the undergraduate communication curriculum. "Communication Currents" features essays that translate current scholarship published in NCA journals, making the research "understandable…

  9. Inter-Satellite Communications Considerations and Requirements for Distributed Spacecraft and Formation Flying Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kwadrat, Carl F.; Horne, William D.; Edwards, Bernard L.

    2002-01-01

    In order to avoid selecting inadequate inter-spacecraft cross-link communications standards for Distributed Spacecraft System (DSS) missions, it is first necessary to identify cross-link communications strategies and requirements common to a cross-section of proposed missions. This paper addresses the cross-link communication strategies and requirements derived from a survey of 39 DSS mission descriptions that are projected for potential launch within the next 20 years. The inter-spacecraft communications strategies presented are derived from the topological and communications constraints from the DSS missions surveyed. Basic functional requirements are derived from an analysis of the fundamental activities that must be undertaken to establish and maintain a cross-link between two DSS spacecraft. Cross-link bandwidth requirements are derived from high-level assessments of mission science objectives and operations concepts. Finally, a preliminary assessment of possible cross-link standards is presented within the context of the basic operational and interoperability requirements.

  10. Revised: 6.26.2012 BB9: Using Voice Tools in Blackboard p. 1 of 5 Voice Tools is a suite of tools that allows you to present content and communicate with your

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    Revised: 6.26.2012 BB9: Using Voice Tools in Blackboard p. 1 of 5 Voice Tools is a suite of tools that allows you to present content and communicate with your students using audio recordings within Blackboard a series of tests to ensure that your computer is ready. Voice Tools is a Blackboard building block made

  11. Presented at ION NTM 2008, Session B4, San Diego, California, 28-30 January 2008 Software Receiver Strategies for the Acquisition

    E-print Network

    Calgary, University of

    Strategies for the Acquisition and Re-Acquisition of Weak GPS Signals C. O'Driscoll, M.G. Petovello and G are in the area of software receivers for GNSS, particularly in relation to weak signal acquisition and ultra-based navigation, inertial navigation, reliability analysis, dead-reckoning sensor integration, and most recently

  12. The U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Summary Posters: A GIS-based Education and Communication Product for Presenting Consolidated Post-Earthquake Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarr, A.; Benz, H.; Earle, P.; Wald, D. J.

    2003-12-01

    Earthquake Summary Posters (ESP's), a new product of the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Program, are produced at the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) in Golden. The posters consist of rapidly-generated, GIS-based maps made following significant earthquakes worldwide (typically M>7.0, or events of significant media/public interest). ESP's consolidate, in an attractive map format, a large-scale epicentral map, several auxiliary regional overviews (showing tectonic and geographical setting, seismic history, seismic hazard, and earthquake effects), depth sections (as appropriate), a table of regional earthquakes, and a summary of the reional seismic history and tectonics. The immediate availability of the latter text summaries has been facilitated by the availability of Rapid, Accurate Tectonic Summaries (RATS) produced at NEIC and posted on the web following significant events. The rapid production of ESP's has been facilitated by generating, during the past two years, regional templates for tectonic areas around the world by organizing the necessary spatially-referenced data for the map base and the thematic layers that overlay the base. These GIS databases enable scripted Arc Macro Language (AML) production of routine elements of the maps (for example background seismicity, tectonic features, and probabilistic hazard maps). However, other elements of the maps are earthquake-specific and are produced manually to reflect new data, earthquake effects, and special characteristics. By the end of this year, approximately 85% of the Earth's seismic zones will be covered for generating future ESP's. During the past year, 13 posters were completed, comparable to the yearly average expected for significant earthquakes. Each year, all ESPs will be published on a CD in PDF format as an Open-File Report. In addition, each is linked to the special event earthquake pages on the USGS Earthquake Program web site (http://earthquake.usgs.gov). Although three formats are generated, the poster-size format is the most popular for display, outreach, and use as a working map for project scientists (JPEG format for web; PDF for download, editing, and printing) whereas the other (smaller) formats are suitable for briefing packages. We will soon make both GIS and PDF files of individual elements of the posters available online. ESP's provide an unprecedented opportunity for college earth-science faculty to take advantage of current events for timely lessons in global tectonics. They are also invaluable to communicate with the media and with government officials. ESP's will be used as a vehicle to present other products now under development under the auspices of NEIC and the ANSS, including rapid finite-fault models, global predictive ShakeMaps, "Did You Feel It?", and Rapid Assessments of Global Earthquakes (RAGE, Earle and others, this meeting).

  13. Gestural communication in a new world parrot.

    PubMed

    Moura, Leiliany N; Silva, Maria L; Garotti, Marilice M F; Rodrigues, Angélica L F; Santos, Adrine C; Ribeiro, Ivete F

    2014-06-01

    Male birds can use visual signals to provide information about their sexual status, via bright coloration, sophisticated sexual displays and elaborate tail and head crests. The majority of forest bird species use vocal communication as their main strategy to show their physiological status during breeding season. It is also used to keep contact between individuals in the same group, in agonistic contexts, and by chicks begging for food. We registered, for the very first time, gestural communication acting in the context of biparental care for the Orange-winged Amazon, Amazona amazonica. This parrot presents at least nine different sounds uttered in contexts of alarm, agonistic, foraging, contact flight and others. This finding suggests that despite being a vocal species, this parrot can perform gestural communication related to parental care. The gestures exhibited by this species represent a strategy for survival, a clever way to protect the nest, reducing the risk of attracting the attention of predators. PMID:24631994

  14. "Date with an Angel": A Non-Verbal Communication Teaching Tip.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Toni

    This paper presents a strategy for teaching non-verbal communication skills to students in high school or college. The strategy uses the movie "Date with an Angel" to teach the non-verbal skills. According to the paper, the activity can be used at the beginning of a unit or course to get the students interested in important concepts/aspects of…

  15. Handoff ordering using signal strength for multimedia communications in wireless networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruay-Shiung Chang; Shing-jiuan Leu

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we present a method for improving the quality of service (QoS) in multimedia wireless systems based on prioritization of handover requests. A strategy called signal strength for multimedia communications (SSMC) is proposed. In this strategy, we calculate a handoff priority for every multimedia service using three values: the static priority value, the degradation rate of the received

  16. BioEd Online: Presentations

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-04-23

    The resources for biology teachers offered by BioEd Online are uniformly excellent, and this particular section of their website is no exception to that trend. Designed specifically for teachers, this site contains dozens of presentations that can be adopted for use in a variety of classroom settings. Users of the site can explore a list of topics and featured presentation materials, which include "The Cell: Cloning," "Diversity of Life: Introduction to Human Behavior," and "The Human Organism: Influenza Vaccination." That's far from all however, as the site also has interactive lesson demonstrations, lab techniques, and teaching strategies. Equally important for instructors is the "Seeking a Teaching Position," which includes presentations like "So You Want to Teach?" and "High Stakes Communication: Interviewing for a Teaching Position."

  17. The Role of Organization-wide Meetings in the Communicative Practice of Strategy: The Creation of Organizational Unity and Commitment, or Tension and Paradoxes?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helle Kryger Aggerholm; Christa Thomsen

    2012-01-01

    The overall purpose of this article is to raise our understanding of strategic communication defined as communication of strategic goals (Hallahan et al., 2007). Applying a discourse analytical approach, we empirically investigated how employees interpret and relate to management information concerning strategic goals. Inspired by Lewis (2000), the empirical analysis focuses on the disparate discursive positions expressed in interviews with

  18. Speechreading as Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Linda

    1988-01-01

    Communication competence for hearing-impaired individuals who use speechreading involves understanding nonverbal cues, making communication needs known, using alternative strategies, and using component skills effectively. Speechreading training should include real-life simulations, situational role-playing, and modeling of difficult situations…

  19. Communication. Earth 2020 Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wedemeyer, Dan J.; Bossert, Philip

    This course guide on communication contains a preselected package of resources (i.e., films, books, models, charts, strategies, etc.) in an attempt to provide the framework for integrating communication with other disciplines. Five chapters include: (1) Moving Information vs. Moving Matter; (2) Transportation: Moving People to Experience; (3)…

  20. 15.279 Management Communication for Undergraduates, Spring 2005

    E-print Network

    Breslow, Lori

    This is a required seminar for Management Science majors to develop the writing, speaking, teamwork, and interpersonal communication skills necessary for managers. Students learn communication principles, strategies, and ...

  1. 15.279 Management Communication for Undergraduates, Fall 2002

    E-print Network

    Breslow, Lori

    Required seminar for Management Science majors to develop the writing, speaking, teamwork, and interpersonal communication skills necessary for managers. Students learn communication principles, strategies, and methods ...

  2. Improving biotechnology communication.

    PubMed

    Weitze, Marc-Denis; Pühler, Alfred

    2013-09-01

    Successful dialog between science and the public is vital for the development and introduction of new technologies. The National Academy of Science and Engineering in Germany has analysed experiences gained from controversies and communication strategies surrounding green genetic engineering and other fields of biotechnology, from a communications and social science viewpoint, as well as a historical perspective. From this, recommendations on how to communicate biotechnology in the future, with objectivity and balance, have been derived. PMID:23801558

  3. Information -Communication Communication des entreprises

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    Information - Communication 2 PARCOURS Communication des entreprises Communication et solidarité;2 Information - Communication UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et Communication PRÉSENTATION Objectifs La Licence Information et communication est destinée aux étudiants qui souhaitent suivre un parcours

  4. Meeting CCS communication challenges head-on: Integrating communications, planning, risk assessment, and project management

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Greenberg, S.; Gauvreau, L.; Hnottavange-Telleen, K.; Finley, R.; Marsteller, S.

    2011-01-01

    The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, Schlumberger Carbon Services, and Archer Daniels Midland has implemented a comprehensive communications plan at the Illinois Basin - Decatur Project (IBDP), a one million metric tonne Carbon Capture and Storage project in Decatur, IL, USA funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. The IBDP Communication Plan includes consortium information, funding and disclaimer citations, description of target audiences, media communications guidelines, paper and presentations guidelines, site visit information, crisis communication, on-site photography regulations, and other components. The creation, development, and implementation processes for the IBDP Communication Plan (the Plan) are shared in this paper. New communications challenges, such as how to address add-on research requests, data sharing and management, scope increase, and contract agreements have arisen since the Plan was completed in January 2009, resulting in development of new policies and procedures by project management. Integrating communications planning, risk assessment, and project management ensured that consistent, factual information was developed and incorporated into project planning, and constitutes the basis of public communications. Successful integration has allowed the IBDP to benefit from early identification and mitigation of the potential project risks, which allows more time to effectively deal with unknown and unidentified risks that may arise. Project risks and risks associated with public perception can be managed through careful planning and integration of communication strategies into project management and risk mitigation. ?? 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  5. Communicating food safety: Ethical issues in risk communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clifford W. Scherer; Napoleon K. Juanillo

    1992-01-01

    This paper discusses two paradigms of risk communication that guide strategies for communicating food safety issues. Built on the principles of social utility and paternalism, the first paradigm heavily relies on science and technical experts to determine food safety regulations and policies. Risk communication, in this context, is a unidirectional process by which experts from the industry or government regulatory

  6. e-learning Strategy.doc E-LEARNING STRATEGY

    E-print Network

    Subramanian, Sriram

    technologies · To promote the use of an e-learning project fund to enable curriculum innovation in learning- 1 ­ e-learning Strategy.doc E-LEARNING STRATEGY "e-learning is learning facilitated and supported through the use of information and communication technology" (JISC) Introduction This strategy document

  7. Communicating water quality risk

    SciTech Connect

    Scherer, C.W. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States))

    1990-01-01

    Technology for detecting and understanding water quality problems and the impacts of activities on long-range groundwater quality has advanced considerably. In the past a technical solution was considered adequate but today one must consider a wide range of both technical and social factors in evaluating technical alternatives that are also acceptable social solutions. Policies developed and implemented with limited local participation generally are resisted and become ineffective if public cooperation is necessary for effective implementation. The public, the experts and the policymakers all must understand and appreciate the different perspectives present in risk policymaking. The typical model used to involve the public in policy decisions is a strategy described as the decide-announce-defend-approach. Much more acceptable to the public, but also more difficult to implement, is a strategy that calls for free flow of information within the community about the problem, policies and potential solutions. Communication about complex issues will be more successful if the communication is substantial; if it takes advantage of existing interpersonal networks and mass media; if it pays particular attention to existing audience knowledge, interest and behaviors; and if it clearly targets messages to various segments of the audience.

  8. The Important Role of Internet Multimedia and Computer-Mediated Communication in Supporting Learning Styles and Strategies: Implementations and Implications in the Syrian Context 

    E-print Network

    Sheikh Dibs, Khaldoon

    This study aims to shed some light on the interaction between Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) represented by Internet multimedia and Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) on one side, and different learning ...

  9. Teaching Paraeducators to Support the Communication of Young Children with Complex Communication Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Sarah N.; Light, Janice C.; McNaughton, David B.

    2013-01-01

    Paraeducators are frequent communication partners for young children with complex communication needs (CCN) in early childhood settings. This study examined the impact of instruction to paraeducators in two communication interaction strategies (IPLAN [Identify activities for communication, Provide means for communication, Locate and provide…

  10. Organizational Culture: A Framework and Strategies for Facilitating Employee Whistleblowing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benisa Berry

    2004-01-01

    Seven dimensions of organizational culture that influence the employee reflection process that ultimately leads to whistleblowing behavior are presented. These include 1) vigilance, 2) engagement, 3) credibility, 4) accountability, 5) empowerment, 6) courage, and 7) options. Key considerations within each dimension are discussed and a compliance framework is used to identify strategies for encouraging a culture that supports employee communication,

  11. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology - Volume 1 and Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology - Volume 2 (34th, Jacksonville, Florida, 2011)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    For the thirty-fourth year, the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Jacksonville, FL. A limited quantity of these Proceedings were printed and sold in both hardcopy and electronic…

  12. Intercultural Communication in Multilingual Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oskaar, Els

    1992-01-01

    This study demonstrates that communication in multilingual settings demands more than the knowledge of several languages. The paper further elucidates multilingualism and multiculturalism, interactional competence, models of multilingual communicative behavior, and sources of misunderstanding in intercultural communication and presents cultureme…

  13. Why Communicate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Illingworth, Samuel

    2015-04-01

    "Half the world is composed of people who have something to say and can't, and the other half who have nothing to say and keep on saying it." - Robert Frost In this age of digital soap boxes and half-truths, the importance of geoscientists as communicators cannot be underestimated, nor has there been a more important time for researchers to stand up and demand to be heard. So why is there still such an overwhelming public perception that scientists are poor communicators, and what can we do to change this? In this work I will present an overview of a number of successful initiatives that have been developed at Manchester Metropolitan University, and beyond, to ensure that science is communicated to a large variety of people, from policy makers to members of the local community. I will also present an overview of the emerging field of Science Communication, how it has changed in the past few decades from a one-way diatribe to a two-way discussion, and how this represents a possible new direction and career path for geoscientists. Anne Roe, the noted American psychologist, told us, "nothing in science has any value to society if it is not communicated." As geoscientists, we have a professional and moral obligation to ensure that we not only research the facts, but that we also present them in an informative and engaging manner, so that the rest of humanity can benefit from the fruits of our labour.

  14. Effective Communication of Toxic Chemical Warnings to Anglers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ted T. Cable; Edward Udd

    1990-01-01

    This study addresses the following questions: (1) How do anglers know if toxic chemicals are present? (2) What information sources do anglers rely on to get information about toxic chemical contamination? (3) Who do anglers believe is responsible for warning them about toxic contamination\\/ (4) What communication strategies do anglers believe should be used to warn anglers of toxic chemical

  15. Intraspecific Communication Communication

    E-print Network

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    taxa communicate? 1. Amphibians a) Caecilians b) Salamanders c) Frogs 2. Reptiles a) Turtles b) Crocs c Contact Alarm 1) Visual 2) Chemical 3) Acoustic 4) Tactile #12;2 1. Amphibian communication a. Caecilians

  16. UNIVERSITY OF YORK COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE

    E-print Network

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    UNIVERSITY OF YORK COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE WEB OFFICE Web Strategy Date 4 February, 2003 Version 4, Press and PR Officer William Mackintosh, Web Manager #12;Web Strategy 4.4 ©University of York Page 2............................................................................................... 6 3.2 Objectives of the Web Strategy

  17. Motion synchronization in unmanned aircrafts formation control with communication delays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rezaee, Hamed; Abdollahi, Farzaneh

    2013-03-01

    This paper proposes a formation control strategy for unmanned aircrafts using a virtual structure. Cross coupled sliding mode controllers are introduced to cope with uncertainties in the attitude measurement systems of the unmanned aircrafts and unmeasurable bounded external disturbances such as wind effects, and also to provide motion synchronization in the multi-agent system. This motion synchronization strategy improves the agents convergence to their desired positions, and this is useful for a multi-agent system with faulty agents. Moreover, the proposed motion synchronization strategy is not restricted to specific communication topologies, and sufficient conditions are provided to guarantee the multi-agent system stability in the presence of communication delays. Numerical simulations are presented for a team of five unmanned aircrafts to make a pentagon formation and confirm the accepted performance of the proposed control strategy.

  18. Teaching Oral Communication in Grades K-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaney, Ann L.; Burk, Tamara L.

    Focusing exclusively on the art and science of oral communication for grades K-8, this book explains fundamental concepts in contemporary oral communication instruction and suggests practical strategies for implementing a competency-based approach to oral communication in an integrated classroom setting. The book also emphasizes oral communication

  19. Rethinking Quality Assurance: Examining Established Practices, Exploring New Strategies. Selected Presentations at the Annual Accreditation and Quality Assurance Conference. Proceedings (Philadelphia, PA, December 4-5, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middle States Commission on Higher Education, Philadelphia, PA.

    This collection contains selected presentations from an annual accreditation and quality assurance conference. The papers are: (1) "Turning around Troubled Institutions" (Matthew Goldstein); (2) "Triadic Hierarchical Planning" (William J. Austin); (3) "Edinboro University's Triangulated Institutional Effectiveness Model" (Michael A. Mogavero and…

  20. Communicating Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holland, G. J.; McCaffrey, M. S.; Kiehl, J. T.; Schmidt, C.

    2010-12-01

    We are in an era of rapidly changing communication media, which is driving a major evolution in the modes of communicating science. In the past, a mainstay of scientific communication in popular media was through science “translators”; science journalists and presenters. These have now nearly disappeared and are being replaced by widespread dissemination through, e.g., the internet, blogs, YouTube and journalists who often have little scientific background and sharp deadlines. Thus, scientists are required to assume increasing responsibility for translating their scientific findings and calibrating their communications to non-technical audiences, a task for which they are often ill prepared, especially when it comes to controversial societal issues such as tobacco, evolution, and most recently climate change (Oreskes and Conway 2010). Such issues have been politicized and hi-jacked by ideological belief systems to such an extent that constructive dialogue is often impossible. Many scientists are excellent communicators, to their peers. But this requires careful attention to detail and logical explanation, open acknowledgement of uncertainties, and dispassionate delivery. These qualities become liabilities when communicating to a non-scientific audience where entertainment, attention grabbing, 15 second sound bites, and self assuredness reign (e.g. Olson 2009). Here we report on a program initiated by NCAR and UCAR to develop new approaches to science communication and to equip present and future scientists with the requisite skills. If we start from a sound scientific finding with general scientific consensus, such as the warming of the planet by greenhouse gases, then the primary emphasis moves from the “science” to the “art” of communication. The art cannot have free reign, however, as there remains a strong requirement for objectivity, honesty, consistency, and above all a resistance to advocating particular policy positions. Targeting audience attitudes and beliefs, which studies such as the Six Americas research help identify, is key to effective science communications (e.g. Leiserowitz, Maibach, et al, 2009). We argue that the impact of the scientific message can be substantially improved by targeting it to these additional factors. This does require an understanding of the audience and a repackaging of the message to different societal groups. Logical and dispassionate presentation of evidence works for a target scientific audience, but major decisions from the policy to the personal level are influenced by many factors including immediacy, economics, culture, community leaders, emotional framing, and ideological filters.

  1. Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DON NUTBEAM

    2006-01-01

    SUMMARY Health literacy is a relatively new concept in health pro- motion. It is a composite term to describe a range of out- comes to health education and communication activities. From this perspective, health education is directed towards improving health literacy. This paper identifies the failings of past educational programs to address social and eco- nomic determinants of health, and

  2. Presentations: Giving Effective Presentations

    E-print Network

    speaking in public in lowrisk, unevaluated situations, such as the Student Learning Commons' English the whole presentation. o Focus on learning the flow of ideas rather than exact wording. o Memorize small and prepare their answers. Familiarize yourself with the room setup and the available technology. SPEAKING

  3. Presentations Giving Effective Presentations

    E-print Network

    speaking in public in low-risk situations, such as the English Conversation Group at the Student Learning Focus on learning the flow of ideas rather than exact wording. o Memorize small parts their answers. Familiarize yourself with the room setup and the available technology BEFORE your presentation

  4. Haptic Communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eckehard Steinbach; Sandra Hirche; Marc Ernst; Fernanda Brandi; Rahul Chaudhari; Julius Kammerl; Iason Vittorias

    2012-01-01

    Audiovisual communications is at the core of multimedia systems that allow users to interact across distances. It is common understanding that both audio and video are required for high-quality interaction. While audiovisual information provides a user with a satisfactory impression of being present in a remote environment, physical interaction and manipulation is not supported. True immersion into a distant environment

  5. Communication Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penland, Patrick R.

    Three papers are presented which delineate the foundation of theory and principles which underlie the research and instructional approach to communications at the Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Pittsburgh. Cybernetic principles provide the integration, and validation is based in part on a situation-producing…

  6. An investigation of the evolutionary origin of reciprocal communication using simulated autonomous agents.

    PubMed

    Tuci, Elio

    2009-09-01

    How does communication originates in a population of originally non-communicating individuals? Providing an answer to this question from a neo-Darwinian epistemological perspective is not a trivial task. The reason is that, for non-communicating agents, the capabilities of emitting signals and responding to them are both adaptively neutral traits if they are not simultaneously present. Research studies based on rather general and theoretically oriented evolutionary simulation models have, so far, demonstrated that at least two different processes can account for the origin of communication. On the one hand, communicative behaviour may first evolve in a non-communicative context and only subsequently acquire its adaptive function.On the other hand, communication may originate thanks to cognitive constraints; that is, communication may originate thanks to the existence of neural substrates that are common to the signalling and categorising capabilities. This article provides a proof-of-concept demonstration of the origin of communication in a novel-simulated scenario in which groups of two homogeneous (i.e. genetically identical) agents exploit reciprocal communication to develop common perceptual categories nd to perform a collective task. In particular, in circumstances in which communication is evolutionarily advantageous, simulated agents evolve from scratch social behaviour through acoustic interactions.We look into the phylogeny of successful communication protocol, and we describe the evolutionary phenomena that, in early evolutionary stages, paved the way for the subsequent development of reciprocal communication, categorisation capabilities and successful cooperative strategies. PMID:19730879

  7. Wireless Communication for Controlling Microgrids: Co-simulation and Performance Evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Mao, Rukun [ORNL] [ORNL; Xu, Yan [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Huijuan [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Husheng [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    A microgrid with wireless communication links for microgrid control has been designed and developed. The complete simulation model has been developed in MatLab SimuLink with seamless integration of the power subsystem and the communication subsystem. Unlike the conventional co-simulators that usually glue two existing simulators together by creating an interface, which has a steep learning curve, the proposed simulator is a compact single-unit model. Detailed modeling of the power subsystem and communication system is presented as well as the microgrid control architecture and strategies. The impact of different communication system performances on microgrid control has been studied and evaluated in the proposed simulator.

  8. M.A. in CoMMuniCAtion And soCiAl justiCe

    E-print Network

    and strategies oriented toward social justice initiatives. Topics pertaining to Communication and Social Justice, sexuality, etc.), and popular culture · commodificationofinformation,culture and communication Courses; research methods, critical theories of communication, communication and social movements, political economy

  9. Commercially Hosted Resilient Communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Don Brown; Doug Schroeder

    2011-01-01

    Intelsat General Corporation (IGC) presents a paper for the (AT&L)\\/SIO sponsored session on “Protected Communications Over Commercial Satellites” at MILCOM 2011 entitled “Commercially Hosted Resilient Communications” to describe the evolution of commercially provided satellite communications serving challenged and contested environments. This paper explores avenues for “Resilient SATCOM” technologies to be included aboard commercial missions as readily as Unprotected and Wideband

  10. Developments in Human Communication

    E-print Network

    Haykin, Simon

    CMST 1B03 Developments in Human Communication: Part & Present Amanda Etches-Johnson Mills Research in Human Communication Session Outline 1. Finding Books Using MORRIS 2. Finding Journal Articles using: Developments in Human Communication What is MORRIS anyway? · MORRIS is McMaster's library catalogue · Shows

  11. Implementation of Strategies in Continuing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kettunen, Juha

    2005-01-01

    Purpose--The purpose of this paper is to provide higher education institutions with strategies of continuing education and methods to communicate and implement these strategies. Design/methodology/approach--The balanced scorecard approach is used to implement the strategy. It translates the strategy into tangible objectives, measures and targets…

  12. OD Strategy for Today's Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Robert N.

    1975-01-01

    The organizational development strategy of the W. T. Grant Company, an overlapping group teamwork approach, is directed toward accountability, planned change, individual recognition, experience-based behavior, group morale, smooth information and communication flow, and decision making. (EA)

  13. Corporate Strategy Corporate Strategy

    E-print Network

    Zharkova, Valentina V.

    Corporate Strategy 2010-2020 Corporate Strategy 2010-2020 #12;S C I E N C E A N D T E C H N O L O G Strategic themes 16 Solutions for global challenges 18 Inspiring and involving 20 Sustaining research international influence 28 Strategic enablers 30 Developing our people 32 Financial sustainability 34 Efficient

  14. Strategic Aspects of Communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hagen, Edward; Hammerstein, Peter; Hess, Nicole

    Rarely do human behavioral scientists and scholars study language, music, and other forms of communication as strategies—a means to some end. Some even deny that communication is the primary function of these phenomena. Here we draw upon selections of our earlier work to briefly define the strategy concept and sketch how decision theory, developed to explain the behavior of rational actors, is applied to evolved agents. Communication can then be interpreted as a strategy that advances the "fitness interests" of such agents. When this perspective is applied to agents with conflicts of interest, deception emerges as an important aspect of communication. We briefly review costly signaling, one solution to the problem of honest communication among agents with conflicts of interest. We also explore the subversion of cooperative signals by parasites and by plants defending themselves against herbivores, and we touch on biases in human gossip. Experiments with artificial embodied and communicating agents confirm that when there are conflicts of interest among agents, deception readily evolves. Finally, we consider signaling among super-organisms and the possible implications for understanding human music and language.

  15. Coaching Communication Partners: A Preliminary Investigation of Communication Intervention during Mealtime in Rett Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartolotta, Theresa E.; Remshifski, Patricia A.

    2013-01-01

    Rett syndrome (RTT) occurs primarily in females and is characterized by deficits in cognition, communication, hand use and ambulation. This quasi-experimental study explored the use of a coaching program to increase communicative interactions between girls with RTT and their communication partners. Communication coaching strategies were provided…

  16. Communication section Communication section

    E-print Network

    Richner, Heinz

    Rectorate Communication section Communication section Hochschulstrasse 4 CH-3012 Bern Tel. +41 031 project «CHEOPS» (CHaracterizing ExOPlanet Satellite) for Switzerland, which was given the definitive «go projects are closely linked to one another. «CHEOPS» and «PLATO» are satellite missions and deliver data

  17. Communicative challenges of bystander intervention: impact of goals and message design logic on strategies college students use to intervene in drinking situations.

    PubMed

    White, Cindy H; Malkowski, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    A key concern on college campuses is how to help students avoid negative outcomes related to alcohol use. One way to address this is to encourage students to intervene when they see others engaged in high-risk behavior. This approach, referred to as bystander intervention, requires that individuals seek to influence others; however, research on bystander intervention has not explored how students communicate when they intervene. Drawing from a multiple goals perspective, we examined individuals' goals during intervention, the types of messages individuals use to intervene, and the relationship of design logic to sense of efficacy and messages used. Participants (n?=?212) identified their goals and indicated what they would say to intervene in two college-drinking scenarios. We found that differences in goals were related to the types of messages used, with more specific goals leading to messages better aligned with achieving those goals. Additionally, more sophisticated design logic was related to a higher sense of efficacy and was reflected in the types of messages individuals used to intervene. The study views bystander intervention as an influence process and highlights the communicative challenges that can impact how people intervene. PMID:23402306

  18. Police Communications: Humans and Hardware.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zannes, Estelle

    This volume presents an overview of police communications and analyzes the relationships between the people and hardware in the police system. Chapters discuss the development and use of such communication devices as the telegraph, telephone, and computers; the role of mass media, feedback, and communicative settings in human communication;…

  19. Evaluating Information Presentation Strategies for Spoken Recommendations 

    E-print Network

    Winterboer, Andi; Moore, Johanna D.

    2007-01-01

    and refine (UMSR) approach enable more efficient information retrieval than the data-driven summarize and refine (SR) approach. In addition, user ratings on four evaluation criteria showed a clear preference for recommendations based on the UMSR approach....

  20. Presenting A Strategy for Indefinite Integration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenfeld, Alan H.

    1978-01-01

    A general method is given for determining an efficient problem-solving process for a given type problem. An application of the method is then described in an experiment involving teaching indefinite integration. (MP)

  1. Next Steps: Communications Communicate the strategic planning process,

    E-print Network

    Cui, Yan

    Next Steps: Communications Communicate the strategic planning process, approved map and next steps;Next Steps: Moving Forward Secure approval of UT Board of Trustees (February) Launch implementation Executive Committee UTHSC-wide 2014 2 #12;Next Steps: Moving Forward Conduct the Annual Strategy Review

  2. Spelling: From Invention to Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Howard M.

    2002-01-01

    Examines how students decide how to approach spelling questions in their writing. Suggests several strategies to help students improve their spelling abilities. Concludes that all of the strategies place the burden of responsibility on the writer--the student--to communicate effectively. Notes the importance of students shifting from inventive…

  3. College of Communication and Information COM Communication

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    .Designedtoenhanceeffective communication and informed use of the mass media. COM 181 BASIC PUBLIC SPEAKING. (3) A course designed to give, Basic Public Speaking. It will count toward partial completion of the oral communication skills the student platform experience in the fundamentals of effective speaking. COM 199 PRESENTATIONAL

  4. A Shuttle evolution strategy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Teixeira, Charles; Mallini, Charles

    1989-01-01

    An overview of a potential Space Shuttle evolution strategy is presented. A Shuttle development study which reviews past and ongoing studies, implements a Shuttle Enhancement Data Base, and develops a methodology and a strawman evolution strategy is discussed. The long-term goals of a Shuttle evolution strategy, including increased reliability, lower cost, robustness, resiliency, increased capability, and assured access are addressed.

  5. Communicating Geomorphology. JGHE Annual Lecture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brierley, Gary

    2009-01-01

    Communication strategies emphasize concerns for "content" (what is said) and "process" (the way things are said). Scientists have a responsibility to communicate the findings of their research, enhancing prospects that their insights can meaningfully inform management practice. When used effectively, principles from geomorphology provide critical…

  6. Optical space communication; Proceedings of the Meeting, Paris, France, Apr. 24-26, 1989

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Georges Otrio

    1989-01-01

    The present conference discusses ESA's earth-observation strategy into the 21st century, transmission schemes for optical telecommunications in space, the uses of telescopes as very high gain antennas, a multiplexer\\/demultiplexer and spectral isolator for optical intersatellite communications, an acquisition sensor for optical communications in space, a novel area array CCD sensor for laser-tracking applications, and a computation of the dynamical environment

  7. Written Communication in an Online Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt Moore, Michele

    2009-01-01

    Students are entering a workforce that demands competency in writing both for explicit communication through e-mail as well as in products in the company's day-to-day dealings. Strategies for teaching students to communicate in writing have been evaluated extensively in a face-to-face environment. Many of those successful strategies have been…

  8. Performance of a Class of Multi-Robot Deploy and Search Strategies based on Centroidal Voronoi Configurations

    E-print Network

    Guruprasad, K R

    2009-01-01

    This paper considers a class of deploy and search strategies for multi-robot systems and evaluates their performance. The application framework used is a system of autonomous mobile robots equipped with required sensors and communication equipment deployed in a search space to gather information. The lack of information about the search space is modeled as an uncertainty density distribution over the search space. A {\\em combined deploy and search} (CDS) strategy has been formulated as a modification to {\\em sequential deploy and search} (SDS) strategy presented in our previous work. The optimal deployment strategy using Voronoi partition forms the basis for these two search strategies. The strategies are analyzed in presence of constraints on robot speed and limit on sensor range for convergence of trajectories with corresponding control laws responsible for the motion of robots. SDS and CDS strategies are compared with standard greedy and random search strategies on the basis of time taken to achieve reduct...

  9. Grandparents Communicating with Grandchildren

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheryl E. Waites

    2006-01-01

    With the onset of increased longevity, intergenerational relationships are ever more common. These transactions by which persons of different generations interact with one another, are multidimensional and play an important role in family strengths, resilience and solidarity. Using an intergenerational framework this paper explores grandparents' experiences with intergenerational relationships with their grandchildren and discusses strategies for fostering communication and understanding

  10. Underground mine communications: a survey

    SciTech Connect

    Yarkan, S.; Guzelgoz, S.; Arslan, H.; Murphy, R.R. [University of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States)

    2009-07-01

    After a recent series of unfortunate underground mining disasters, the vital importance of communications for underground mining is underlined one more time. Establishing reliable communication is a very difficult task for underground mining due to the extreme environmental conditions. Until now, no single communication system exists which can solve all of the problems and difficulties encountered in underground mine communications. However, combining research with previous experiences might help existing systems improve, if not completely solve all of the problems. In this survey, underground mine communication is investigated. Major issues which underground mine communication systems must take into account are discussed. Communication types, methods, and their significance are presented.

  11. Reading Strategies or Comprehension Monitoring Strategies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Yu-Fen

    2006-01-01

    In order to probe the relationship between reading strategies and comprehension monitoring strategies and how they function to help readers in comprehension process, the present study utilizes think-aloud and retrospective verbal reports to examine 20 EFL readers' performances in reading texts. The results reveal that the engagement of reading…

  12. Control Strategy for Load Sharing in Distributed Generation System in Parallel Operation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. K. Korkua; R. Kenarangui

    2010-01-01

    Abstract- This paper presents a control strategy for parallel operation of distributed generation system. The proposed control technique, is based on the modified droop control method without any interconnection. This method is usually applied to achieve proper active and reactive power sharing when communication between each of distributed generation is difficult due to its physical location. In this paper investigate

  13. Natural Communication about Uncertainties in Situated Interaction

    E-print Network

    Horvitz, Eric

    and coordinate the production of nonverbal and verbal behaviors to communicate the system's uncertaintiesNatural Communication about Uncertainties in Situated Interaction Tomislav Pejsa* University present methods for estimating and communicating about different uncertainties in situated interaction

  14. Pacific Islands Mass Communications; Selected Information Sources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richstad, Jim; McMillan, Michael

    1977-01-01

    Presents a bibliography of materials on such area of mass communications in the Pacific Islands as broadcasting, radio and television, cinema, communication research, mass media in education, Honululu Media Council, newspapers and newspapermen, and printing and satellite communication. (JEG)

  15. Space station communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. L. Cuccia

    1983-01-01

    A concise history of the various types of communications that have been used in low-earth-orbit vehicles and form the basis of the various types of communications and communication requirements that can be realized in space-station developments over the next decade is presented. The Space Shuttle can be assumed to be a prototype space station in the tradition of Apollo and

  16. Quantum Secure Direct Communication Based on Chaos with Authentication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Dazu; Chen, Zhigang; Guo, Ying; Lee, Moon Ho

    2007-12-01

    A quantum secure direct communication protocol based on chaos is proposed with authentication. It has an advantage over distributing the secret message directly and verifying the communicators’ identities with the assistance of a trusted center. To ensure the security of the secret message and the process of verification, the initial order of the travel particles is disturbed according to a chaotic sequence generated secretly via the general Arnold map. Security analysis demonstrates that the present scheme is secure against several attack strategies, such as the man-in-the-middle attack and Trojan horse attack.

  17. Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Track

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    NCTM

    2000-01-01

    As a teaching strategy, playing mathematical games can foster communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. Fraction Track is an interactive two-person version of a game that engages players in thinking about equivalent fractions. Although presented here as an online game, it can easily be adapted to a paper version for the classroom. Links from this page go to the role of the teacher and to the role of student communication in using games as an instructional tool.

  18. Comparing Effects of Different Cinematic Visualization Strategies on Viewer Comprehension

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jhala, Arnav; Young, R. Michael

    Computational storytelling systems have mainly focused on the construction and evaluation of textual discourse for communicating stories. Few intelligent camera systems have been built in 3D environments for effective visual communication of stories. The evaluation of effectiveness of these systems, if any, has focused mainly on the run-time performance of the camera placement algorithms. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic cognitive-based evaluation methodology to compare effects of different cinematic visualization strategies on viewer comprehension of stories. In particular, an evaluation of automatically generated visualizations from Darshak, a cinematic planning system, against different hand-generated visualization strategies is presented. The methodology used in the empirical evaluation is based on QUEST, a cognitive framework for question-answering in the context of stories, that provides validated predictors for measuring story coherence in readers. Data collected from viewers, who watch the same story renedered with three different visualization strategies, is compared with QUEST's predictor metrics. Initial data analysis establishes significant effect on choice of visualization strategy on story comprehension. It further shows a significant effect of visualization strategy selected by Darshak on viewers' measured story coherence.

  19. Communicating Urban Climate Change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Snyder, S.; Crowley, K.; Horton, R.; Bader, D.; Hoffstadt, R.; Labriole, M.; Shugart, E.; Steiner, M.; Climate; Urban Systems Partnership

    2011-12-01

    While cities cover only 2% of the Earth's surface, over 50% of the world's people live in urban environments. Precisely because of their population density, cities can play a large role in reducing or exacerbating the global impact of climate change. The actions of cities could hold the key to slowing down climate change. Urban dwellers are becoming more aware of the need to reduce their carbon usage and to implement adaptation strategies. However, messaging around these strategies has not been comprehensive and adaptation to climate change requires local knowledge, capacity and a high level of coordination. Unless urban populations understand climate change and its impacts it is unlikely that cities will be able to successfully implement policies that reduce anthropogenic climate change. Informal and formal educational institutions in urban environments can serve as catalysts when partnering with climate scientists, educational research groups, and public policy makers to disseminate information about climate change and its impacts on urban audiences. The Climate and Urban Systems Partnership (CUSP) is an interdisciplinary network designed to assess and meet the needs and challenges of educating urban audiences about climate change. CUSP brings together organizations in Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Queens, NY and Washington, DC to forge links with informal and formal education partners, city government, and policy makers. Together this network will create and disseminate learner-focused climate education programs and resources for urban audiences that, while distinct, are thematically and temporally coordinated, resulting in the communication of clear and consistent information and learning experiences about climate science to a wide public audience. Working at a community level CUSP will bring coordinated programming directly into neighborhoods presenting the issues of global climate change in a highly local context. The project is currently exploring a number of models for community programming and this session will present early results of these efforts while engaging participants in exploring approaches to connecting urban communities and their local concerns to the issues of global climate change.

  20. Divestiture: strategy's missing link.

    PubMed

    Dranikoff, Lee; Koller, Tim; Schneider, Antoon

    2002-05-01

    Although most companies dedicate considerable time and attention to acquiring and creating businesses, few devote much effort to divestitures. But regularly divesting businesses--even good, healthy ones--ensures that remaining units reach their potential and that the overall company grows stronger. Drawing on extensive research into corporate performance over the last decade, McKinsey consultants Lee Dranikoff, Tim Koller, and Antoon Schneider show that an active divestiture strategy is essential to a corporation's long-term health and profitability. In particular, they say that companies that actively manage their businesses through acquisitions and divestitures create substantially more shareholder value than those that passively hold on to their businesses. Therefore, companies should avoid making divestitures only in response to pressure and instead make them part of a well-thought-out strategy. This article presents a five-step process for doing just that: prepare the organization, identify the best candidates for divestiture, execute the best deal, communicate the decision, and create new businesses. As the fifth step suggests, divestiture is not an end in itself. Rather, it is a means to a larger end: building a company that can grow and prosper over the long haul. Wise executives divest so that they can create new businesses and expand existing ones. All of the funds, management time, and support-function capacity that a divestiture frees up should therefore be reinvested in creating shareholder value. In some cases, this will mean returning money to shareholders. But more likely than not, it will mean investing in attractive growth opportunities. In companies as in the marketplace, creation and destruction go hand in hand; neither flourishes without the other. PMID:12024760

  1. Socioeconomic impacts of alternative strategies

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    This portion of the Energy Vision 2020 draft report discusses the socioeconomic impacts of the alternative strategies listed in the previous section and describes the methodology used to calculate how these strategies affect economic development. The results of the analysis for each strategy are presented in terms of changes in income and employment compared with a base case reference or `no action` strategy.

  2. Communicating About Communicable Disease

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    IBM& #39; s Teachers Try Science program

    2011-11-23

    In this "tried and true" investigation, students use a commercially available product (Glo-germ) and a blacklight to demonstrate how germs are spread. Glitter can be substituted. Students then write a public service announcement, including statistics, about the preventing the spread of a communicable disease.

  3. Alzheimer's disease. Physician-patient communication.

    PubMed Central

    Orange, J. B.; Molloy, D. W.; Lever, J. A.; Darzins, P.; Ganesan, C. R.

    1994-01-01

    The number of cognitively impaired elderly in Canada has increased greatly during the past two decades; nearly all have Alzheimer's disease (AD). The memory problems and changes in language and communication of these patients place tremendous strain on physicians who are searching for a differential diagnosis and are trying to communicate with them. Reviewing the salient language and communication features of AD patients leads to strategies for improving effective physician-patient communication. PMID:8019193

  4. Communicating with patients.

    PubMed

    Kaplowitz, G J

    1999-01-01

    Dental care providers need to be able to communicate effectively with their patients in order to build rapport and trust. Highly developed communication skills also enable the dental care provider to extract more accurate diagnostic information and to more effectively present treatment options to the patient. Neurolinguistic programming techniques can be employed to accomplish these as well as other objectives. PMID:10687469

  5. Blogs in Campaign Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gracie Lawson-Borders; Rita Kirk

    2005-01-01

    In Election 2004, campaign Weblogs—or blogs—became a standard feature of campaign Web sites. Monitoring the adaptation of emergent technological tools into political communication assists future generations of scholars to understand the genesis of communication applications and explore future uses. Blogs are online diaries where information is electronically posted, updated frequently, and presented in reverse chronological order. Three concourses of research

  6. [Feminist strategies 2].

    PubMed

    Gendron, C

    1993-06-01

    This article is the second in a two-part series promoting the use of feminist strategies in nursing. Part one--in last month's issue--identified some of the myths in nursing. It focused mainly on the traditional scientific research methods upon which nursing research is based. In part two, the author defines the feminist approach and attempts to demonstrate the way nurses can use this approach to focus nursing care on women's specific needs. This approach consists of recognizing the components of patriarchal ideology, its myths and the reality of women and men. Feminism has restored the credibility of intuition, good listening skills, compassion, commitment and tolerance. They were long believed to be "feminine" and passive. These qualities do not discredit the women who possess them--many of whom are nurses, rather, they add to their competence. How can feminist nursing knowledge shed light on the different factors specific to a woman's life? Menopause, nutrition and domestic violence are examples presented by the author to address this question. Once nurses increase their knowledge of these factors--that up until now were not identified as women's needs--they will be able to rely upon their own capabilities to develop new methods of data collection, communication skills and promotion of their own professionalism. Through these conclusions, the author praises the feminist movement. PMID:8508443

  7. Communicating Climate Change: Sometimes It's Not about the Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandia, S. A.

    2014-12-01

    Although there is an overwhelming scientific consensus that humans are driving modern day climate change, a significant portion of Americans are not convinced. This gap in understanding challenges both instructors and students who wish to effectively communicate climate change science. Individuals subconsciously resist factual information that threatens their worldview. Their misperceptions are reinforced by journalistic false balance, coordinated misinformation campaigns, and incorrect or misleading information that is easily accessible via social media. Here the author presents effective refutation strategies that avoid the most common backfire effects while also offering strategies to properly frame the discussion to audiences holding diverse worldviews.

  8. Wireless Communications

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Leske, Cavin.

    Wireless communications is an industry that is growing at an incredible rate. Cellular phones are the most obvious example of this trend; it is hard to go anywhere without seeing someone using one. Rapidly advancing technologies and lower prices are making this all possible. At the current pace, there seems to be no limit to what is possible in the wireless industry.To learn about the events that led up to present day wireless communications, this site offers a very informative history of telecommunications (1) that goes all the way back to the time of carrier pigeons. A good introduction to wireless networking can be found in this mini-tutorial (2). The best parts of this tutorial are the discussions of many recent wireless developments and technologies. There are a few interactive games and activities that are supposed to be instructive and entertaining, but some of them can be annoying. For the more technically savvy user, the third site (3) starts by describing many of the principles that drive current wireless systems. The second part examines the technologies that will be used in future generations of services. To build on this material, the third generation mobile communications systems (3G) is the central topic at 3G Newsroom (4), providing breaking news about the development of 3G technology. Additionally, the site has an excellent introduction to 3G, including its applications and specifications. One of the advancements that is paving the way toward 3G is Bluetooth, which is explained in great detail here (5). This technology is capable of very high data transfer rates, but there are some limitations, which are all discussed in the articles on the site. Although Bluetooth is raising plenty of interest, this recent news story (6) is creating more than its share of debate. It outlines a very controversial move by the FCC to allow the use of ultrawideband technology in commercial wireless applications. The author explains in simple terms why there are so many concerns about something that could revolutionize wireless systems. The evolution of the global system for mobile communications (GSM) is traced at GSM World (7). Here users can learn about the roots of the wireless industry as well as what is in store for the future. A special section addresses health concerns associated with mobile phone use. Radio was one of the earliest form of wireless communication, and the Invention of Radio (8) documents the people and events that made it what it is today. The stories of such famous scientists and inventors as Marconi, DeForest, and Armstrong are told in brief accounts, and there is even a link to the well known War of the Worlds radio broadcast.

  9. Better Communication Through Collaboration: Lessons Learned from a New Model of Science Communication Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayden, T.

    2011-12-01

    Direct, effective communication with the public is an increasingly important part of the earth scientist's professional toolkit. Earth sciences issues, including climate change, ocean acidification, energy extraction and use and geological hazard assessment, are increasingly relevant to public debates, yet recent, dramatic changes in the media business have led to decreased coverage of science. Earth scientists must increasingly shoulder the burden of informing the broad public themselves, and in collaboration with professional communicators. Fortunately, the tools and venues needed to do so have never been more accessible. This presentation will describe a new model of science communication education, based on bringing together collaborating teams of students with diverse backgrounds in the sciences, engineering and journalism. The project-based approach uses group workshopping and multiple rounds of peer- and instructor-guided revision to leverage diverse expertise and facilitate both primary knowledge gain and comprehensive, effective and meaningful training and experience in audience-focused outreach, media interaction, and journalism. Courses build from fundamental communications theory to the end goal of publication in professional outlets. Course goals are regularly enhanced and reinforced with internships and individual study projects. Using examples from a series of courses and projects developed at Stanford University over the past three years, I will describe the theory and strategies underlying this new approach to science communication education, what it has to offer for scientists and journalists alike, and key points to consider for effective implementation. I will also show how combining the knowledge, expertise and experience of STEM and journalism students can inform a new model of science journalism, based on exploring and communicating the process of science, not just the results, that can avoid many of the common pitfalls of science journalism. I will present a preliminary assessment of outcomes from three courses at Stanford - environmental communications, environmental journalism and multimedia storytelling for earth scientists - including publications, retrospective post assessment of student abilities and attitudes, and ongoing application of course goals in professional and/or educational settings.

  10. Impact of a Program to Facilitate Mother-Infant Communication in High-Risk Families of High-Risk Infants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michele Haney; M. Diane Klein

    1993-01-01

    This article presents follow-up results of the Mother-Infant Communication Project (MICP), a program designed to facilitate caregivers' uses of communicative interaction strategies with their infants labeled high-risk. Three groups of mother-infant dyads were included in the study: a group receiving home visits only, a group receiving home visits plus a group experience, and a comparison group. Results showed MICP mothers

  11. Presentation skills for nurses.

    PubMed

    Foulkes, Mark

    2015-02-18

    This article emphasises the importance of effective presentation skills. Such skills allow nurses to share knowledge and expertise and to communicate clearly in a range of workplace scenarios. Nurses are increasingly being asked to present in formal and informal situations, such as conferences, poster presentations, job interviews, case reports and ward-based teaching. This article explores the principles underpinning the development of these skills, discusses the situations in which they could be applied and demonstrates how nurses might improve and develop as presenters. PMID:25690236

  12. Inter-Cultural Communication: A Foundation of Communicative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vuckovic, Aleksandra

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a model of inter-cultural communication that enumerates and structures latent factors affecting such communication and elaborates on the process of self-reflection as a guiding mechanism of successful communication. Design/methodology/approach: The five factors and various moderators that are…

  13. SSBRP User Operations Facility (UOF) Overview and Development Strategy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Picinich, Lou; Stone, Thom; Sun, Charles; Windrem, May; Givens, John J. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    This paper will present the Space Station Biological Research Project (SSBRP) User Operations Facility (UOF) architecture and development strategy. A major element of the UOF at NASA Ames Research Center, the Communication and Data System (CDS) will be the primary focus of the discussions. CDS operational, telescience, security, and development objectives will be discussed along with CDS implementation strategy. The implementation strategy discussions will include: Object Oriented Analysis & Design, System & Software Prototyping, and Technology Utilization. A CDS design overview that includes: CDS Context Diagram, CDS Architecture, Object Models, Use Cases, and User Interfaces will also be presented. CDS development brings together "cutting edge" technologies and techniques such as: object oriented development, network security, multimedia networking, web-based data distribution, JAVA, and graphical user interfaces. Use of these "cutting edge" technologies and techniques translates directly to lower development and operations costs.

  14. Presented by High-Productivity

    E-print Network

    Universität Dresden Center for Information Services and High Performance Computing University of TennesseePresented by High-Productivity Software Development Tools Jack Dongarra University of Tennessee Institute for Applied Mathematics RWTH Aachen University Center for Computing and Communication Technische

  15. Technical Communications: Student Guide

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Technical Communications Student Guide will provide students with a sound foundation in the Research, Composition and Presentation of technically-oriented material. Skills acquired through Technical Communications are transferable to a variety of educational and professional technical or general contexts. Accordingly, this module may be used either as a complement to an existing technical program or as a stand-alone technical communications course. A 112-page instructional manual covering technical communications topics including oral presentations, report writing, and writing feasibility reports and executive summaries. Supporting ethics cases are also included. Target Audience 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators Self Evaluation DataIn response to one of industry's top demands that technicians be as fluent in communication abilities as they are technically proficient, this manual offers practical information and can support a stand-alone course or supplement any technical curriculum.

  16. Sources of variability in human communicative skills

    PubMed Central

    Volman, Inge; Noordzij, Matthijs L.; Toni, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    When established communication systems cannot be used, people rapidly create novel systems to modify the mental state of another agent according to their intentions. However, there are dramatic inter-individual differences in the implementation of this human competence for communicative innovation. Here we characterize psychological sources of inter-individual variability in the ability to build a shared communication system from scratch. We consider two potential sources of variability in communicative skills. Cognitive traits of two individuals could independently influence their joint ability to establish a communication system. Another possibility is that the overlap between those individual traits influences the communicative performance of a dyad. We assess these possibilities by quantifying the relationship between cognitive traits and behavior of communicating dyads. Cognitive traits were assessed with psychometric scores quantifying cooperative attitudes and fluid intelligence. Competence for implementing successful communicative innovations was assessed by using a non-verbal communicative task. Individual capacities influence communicative success when communicative innovations are generated. Dyadic similarities and individual traits modulate the type of communicative strategy chosen. The ability to establish novel communicative actions was influenced by a combination of the communicator's ability to understand intentions and the addressee's ability to recognize patterns. Communicative pairs with comparable systemizing abilities or behavioral inhibition were more likely to explore the search space of possible communicative strategies by systematically adding new communicative behaviors to those already available. No individual psychometric measure seemed predominantly responsible for communicative success. These findings support the notion that the human ability for fast communicative innovations represents a special type of complex collaborative activity. PMID:23189048

  17. Structural Change Criteria in the Selection of Strategies of Communication for Development. An Examination of Two Contrasting Media Systems--National Television and Local Public-Service Radio Stations--in the Light of Structural Change Criteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Robert A.

    This paper discusses the important link between social stucture and communications systems and explores some of the practical policy implications resulting from this relationship. First, the concept of social structure as the basis of a pattern of communication is clarified. Then, one paradigm of communication structure typical of many Third World…

  18. House Plans and Communication Flow

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clasen, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    This article presents an activity in which students will demonstrate the relationship between the nonverbal concept of space and the flow of verbal communication. Most courses in interpersonal, intercultural, small group, and family communication discuss types of nonverbal communication, including kinesics, haptics, paralanguage, proxemics, and…

  19. Algorithms for Supporting Compiled Communication

    E-print Network

    Yuan, Xin

    Algorithms for Supporting Compiled Communication Xin Yuan Rami Melhem Rajiv Gupta Dept. We present an experimental compiler, E­SUIF, that supports compiled communication for High algorithms used in E­SUIF. We further demonstrate the effectiveness of compiled communication on all­ optical

  20. Algorithms for Supporting Compiled Communication #

    E-print Network

    Gupta, Rajiv

    Algorithms for Supporting Compiled Communication # Xin Yuan + Rami Melhem Rajiv Gupta Dept) network. We present an experimental compiler, E--SUIF, that supports compiled communication for High algorithms used in E--SUIF. We further demonstrate the e#ectiveness of compiled communication on all

  1. Omnisphere: a Personal Communication Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franck Rousseau; Justinian Oprescu; Laurentiu-sorin Paun; Andrzej Duda

    2003-01-01

    Small ubiquitous devices connected by wireless networks will become future Internet appliances. To support them, communication networks must evolve to seamlessly as- sist appliances and provide advanced functionalities. We present a personal communication environment called Om- nisphere that provides a communication and information universe surrounding wireless appliances. It is based on a high level concept calledambient services that allows to

  2. Space flight operations communications phraseology and techniques

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noneman, S. R.

    1986-01-01

    Communications are a critical link in space flight operations. Specific communications phraseology and techniques have been developed to allow rapid and clear transfer of information. Communications will be clear and brief through the use of procedural words and phrases. Communications protocols standardize the required information transferred. The voicing of letters and numbers is discussed. The protocols used in air-to-ground communications are given. A glossary of communications terminology is presented in the appendix.

  3. Politeness Strategies Used in Requests--A Cybernetic Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitao, Kenji

    This paper discusses a cybernetic model of politeness strategies used in the process of making a request. The concept of systems, cybernetic models, and politeness strategies are reviewed, and the way they work together in the proposed model is examined. Politeness strategies are communication strategies used to change behavior enough to achieve…

  4. Canine communication.

    PubMed

    Engel, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    A Seeing Eye dog handler discusses nonverbal, nonvocal communication between human and animal. Each gesture and nonverbal element from dog to master and vice versa shows intricate patterns of communication that can relate to patient care. PMID:22403859

  5. Transmission Communication

    E-print Network

    Chen, Sheng

    ELEC3028 Digital Transmission -- MODEM S Chen Digital Communication System . Purpose: communicate: rate, quality # spectral bandwidth requirement . Major components: CODEC, MODEM and channel modulation input output CODEC MODEM Medium 1 #12; ELEC3028 Digital Transmission -- MODEM S Chen Digital

  6. Lightwave Communications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rheam, Harry

    1993-01-01

    Describes simple and inexpensive labs for introducing students to fiber optic communications. Students investigate light as a carrier wave; look into the difficulties associated with "light" communication; and learn about modulation, optical fibers, and critical angles. (PR)

  7. Data communications

    SciTech Connect

    Preckshot, G.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1993-08-01

    The purpose of this paper is to recommend regulatory guidance for reviewers examining computer communication systems used in nuclear power plants. The recommendations cover three areas important to these communications systems: system design, communication protocols, and communication media. The first area, system design, considers three aspects of system design--questions about architecture, specific risky design elements or omissions to look for in designs being reviewed, and recommendations for multiplexed data communication systems used in safety systems. The second area reviews pertinent aspects of communication protocol design and makes recommendations for newly designed protocols or the selection of existing protocols for safety system, information display, and non-safety control system use. The third area covers communication media selection, which differs significantly from traditional wire and cable. The recommendations for communication media extend or enhance the concerns of published IEEE standards about three subjects: data rate, imported hazards and maintainability.

  8. Chemical Communication

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    0000-00-00

    A concise lesson about chemical communication in insects covering both semio and info chemicals. The site includes a short video of grape root borer moths using sex pheromone. Further links on the take the user to visual and auditory communication.

  9. Strategies for Estimating Discrete Quantities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crites, Terry W.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the benchmark and decomposition-recomposition estimation strategies and presents five techniques to develop students' estimation ability. Suggests situations involving quantities of candy and popcorn in which the teacher can model those strategies for the students. (MDH)

  10. Communication (action with communicative content).

    PubMed

    Russo, M T

    2010-01-01

    The term Communication generally designate the transmission of a message of concepts, feelings or needs from a speaker to a receiver by means of verbal or no verbal language. The pragmatic approach to human communication has put in evidence a further implication of this concept: every behaviour therefore has a value even when it is not intentional. Recently, a more dynamic concept of communication has been elaborated where communication means communicative action. This interpretation is the starting point for the theory of the "communicative acting" and subsequently of the so called discourse ethic elaborated by J. Habermas. PMID:20499038

  11. Presentation skills.

    PubMed

    Dougan, Mary

    2015-07-01

    Presentations are integral to my role as a learning and development practitioner. The CPD article enabled me to develop my presentation skills and those of my colleagues. Many healthcare staff have up-to-date knowledge, experience and understanding of the requirements of the organisation, yet lack confidence in their presentation skills. PMID:26153972

  12. Cultural Communications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armas, Jose

    It is too often taken for granted that the communication process with culturally different children takes place as readily as it might with children from Anglo cultures. Most teachers receive training in verbal and formal communication skills; children come to school with nonverbal and informal communication skills. This initially can create…

  13. Communication Speaks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinman, Robin Lynn

    2010-01-01

    When the author recently turned her attention to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) "Principles and Standards," she was startled to see communication as key. She adjusted her teaching to meet the NCTM Communication Standard and promote communication in her classroom by providing a safe environment, developing discourse and…

  14. Cybersecurity Strategies

    E-print Network

    Cybenko, George

    Cybersecurity Strategies: The QuERIES Methodology Lawrence Carin Duke University George Cybenko-efficient cybersecurity strategies. O rganizations in both the private and public sectors have strug- gled to determine typically implemented cybersecurity investment strategies with- out useful guidance from a rigorous

  15. Communication, Communication, Communication! Growth through Laboratory Instructing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Jamie J.; DeAngelo, Samantha; Mack, Nancy; Thompson, Claudia; Cooper, Jennifer; Sesma, Arturo, Jr.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined gains undergraduate students made in their communication and collaboration skills when they served as peer teachers, i.e., laboratory instructors (LIs), for a General Psychology laboratory. Self-ratings of communication and collaboration skills were completed before and after teaching the laboratory. When compared to before the…

  16. Reading Strategies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Students utilize two reading strategies that can be used to understand the Cosmic Times materials, and other readings that may be challenging to them. The first strategy, called Talking to the Text, is an independent strategy in which the students write down their thoughts as they are reading the material. In the second strategy, the students pair up and help each other read and understand concepts through reciprocal teaching. This activity is from the Cosmic Times teacher's guide and is intended to be used in conjunction with the 1965 Cosmic Times poster, however, these strategies can be used with any of the Cosmic Times articles.

  17. Limits on classical communication from quantum entropy power inequalities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    König, Robert; Smith, Graeme

    2013-02-01

    Almost all modern communication systems rely on electromagnetic fields. The additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel is often a good approximate description of such a system, and its information-carrying capacity is given by a simple formula. The quantum analogue of AWGN channels, the bosonic Gaussian noise channel, accurately describes many quantum optical communication systems of interest. Estimating its capacity is significantly more difficult; although some simple coding strategies are known, whether or not more sophisticated techniques could dramatically improve communication rates has been unknown. Here, we present strong new upper bounds for the classical capacity of bosonic Gaussian noise channels. These results imply that known coding techniques are typically close to optimal. Our main technical tool is an entropy power inequality bounding the entropy produced as two quantum signals combine at a beamsplitter. Its proof relies on a quantum diffusion process which smooths arbitrary states towards Gaussians.

  18. Optical Communications at JPL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, K. E.

    1999-01-01

    This presentation reviews JPL's optical communications program, This program has (1) Demonstrated optical communications to spacecraft at deep space and geostationary ranges, (2) Demonstrated advantages of multi-beam transmissions in ground-to-ground and ground-to space experiments, (3)Developed an optical communications terminal that is readily converted from deep space to Earth-orbiting applications (4) Developed laboratory and field capabilities to evaluate optical a communications terminal performance. The program is supporting:(1) Construction of an optical communications laboratory at its TMF to support future demonstrations (ground-to-ground to space-to-ground), (2) Continuing development of visibility models from statistics acquired from autonomous monitoring stations in the southwestern US, (3)Development of optical com terminal for space-to-ground link form ISS in 2002

  19. Poster Presentation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kathryn Hoppe

    To prepare their presentations students do background reading on a topic of their choosing. They are required to prepare a visual poster presentation of their topic that incorporates graphic elements and a short written summary of their topic. In class students are required to give a five minute oral presentation using their poster to illustrate their talk. They must then answer questions from their classmate and instructor. The final element of this assignment requires students to evaluate the work of their classmates and to ask questions about the topics other students present.

  20. Natural drinking strategies

    E-print Network

    Kim, Wonjung

    We examine the fluid mechanics of drinking in nature. We classify the drinking strategies of a broad range of creatures according to the principal forces involved, and present physical pictures for each style. Simple scaling ...

  1. Recruitment Strategies for New Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scudder, Joseph N.; Rettig, Lance S.

    1989-01-01

    Compares the communication strategies of small communities having successful industry recruitment programs with small communities having unsuccessful recruitment programs. Finds that the existence of a marketing program positively relates to recruitment success, and that direct mail with brochures and personal contact were the most common…

  2. Strategies for Teaching Internet Ethics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rader, Martha H.

    2002-01-01

    Ten strategies for teaching Internet ethics are as follows: establish acceptable use policy; communicate ethical codes; model behaviors and values; encourage discussion of ethical issues; reinforce ethical conduct; monitor student behavior; secure systems and software; discourage surfing without supervision; monitor e-mail and websites; and…

  3. Strategies for Improving Family Engagement During Family-Centered Rounds

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, Michelle M.; Xie, Anping; Carayon, Pascale; DuBenske, Lori L.; Ehlenbach, Mary L.; Cox, Elizabeth D.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND Family-centered rounds (FCR) are recommended as standard practice in the pediatric inpatient setting; however, limited data exist on best practices promoting family engagement during rounds. OBJECTIVE To identify strategies to enhance family engagement during FCR using a recognized systems engineering approach. METHODS In this qualitative study, stimulated recall interviews using video-recorded rounding sessions were conducted with participants representing the various stakeholders on rounds (15 parents/children and 22 healthcare team [HCT] members) from 4 inpatient services at a children’s hospital in Wisconsin. On video review, participants were asked to provide strategies that would increase family engagement on FCR. Qualitative content analysis of interview transcripts was performed in an iterative process. RESULTS We identified 21 categories of strategies corresponding to 2 themes related to the structure and process of FCR. Strategies related to the structure of FCR were associated with all five recognized work system elements: people (HCT composition), tasks (HCT roles), organization (scheduling of rounds and HCT training), environment (location of rounds and HCT positioning), and tools and technologies (computer use). Strategies related to the FCR process were associated with three rounding phases: before (HCT and family preparation), during (eg, introductions, presentation content, communication style), and after (follow-up) FCR. CONCLUSIONS We identified a range of strategies to enhance family engagement during FCR. These strategies both confirm prior work on the importance of the content and style of communication on rounds and highlight other factors within the hospital work system, like scheduling and computer use, which may affect family engagement in care. PMID:23468375

  4. Therapeutic Communication: A Developmental and Operational Definition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaw, Beverly A.

    This paper presents both a developmental and an operational definition of the process of therapeutic communication and analyzes the dynamics of the helping relationship in terms of therapeutic communication. Basically, therapeutic communication is defined operationally by the complementary communication behaviors which occur in each stage of the…

  5. The Psychology of Communication or a Communicative Theory of Psychology? Reclaiming "Communication" as the Central Mode of Explanation for Communication Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford, Gary P.

    This paper proposes a view of the communication/cognitive psychology relationship which attempts to reclaim the concept of "communication" as being fundamental to the understanding of communication phenomena and thus to the discipline of communication studies. This view is presented in the paper as an alternative to a view which conceptualizes…

  6. Deterministic Recurrent Communication and Synchronization in

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    with respect to radio com- munication. In this work, we present a deterministic recurrent-communication, small devices provided with radio-communication, processing, and sensing capabilities. Upon being with respect to radio communication. Thus, it is crucial to optimize the communication schedule. In a harshly

  7. Presenting practice financial information.

    PubMed

    Webster, Lee Ann H

    2007-01-01

    Medical practice leadership teams, often consisting primarily of physicians with limited financial backgrounds, must make important business decisions and continuously monitor practice operations. In order to competently perform this duty, they need financial reports that are relevant and easy to understand. This article explores financial reporting and decision-making in a physician practice. It discusses reports and tools, such as ratios, graphs, and comparisons, that practices typically include in their reports. Because profitability and cash flow are often the most important financial considerations for physician practices, reports should generally focus on the impact of various activities and potential decisions upon these concerns. This article also provides communication tips for both those presenting practice financial information and those making the decisions. By communicating effectively, these leaders can best use financial information to improve decision-making and maximize financial performance. PMID:17974087

  8. Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (11th, Dallas, Texas, February 1-5, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; Frey, Diane, Ed.

    The 46 papers is this volume represent some of the most current thinking in educational communications and technology. Individual papers address the following topics: gender differences in the selection of elective computer science courses and in the selection of non-traditional careers; instruction for individuals with different cognitive styles;…

  9. Conservation Presentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friday, Gerald

    2001-01-01

    Introduces a project in which students teach about the importance of recycling and conservation by presenting demonstrations. Includes demonstrations on water, plastic, and other recycling products such as steel. (YDS)

  10. 580 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 26, NO. 4, MAY 2008 On the Design of Globally Optimal Communication

    E-print Network

    Teneketzis, Demosthenis

    . The methodology exponentially simplifies the search for determining an optimal real-time communication strategy of Globally Optimal Communication Strategies for Real-Time Noisy Communication Systems with Noisy Feedback Aditya Mahajan Student Member, IEEE, and Demosthenis Teneketzis Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A real-time

  11. Multiple strategy generation for wargaming

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy Revello; Robert McCartney; Eugene Santos Jr.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we present a framework for the automated generation of strategies that accounts for the multiple kinds of uncertainty found in war games, provides for a domain independent approach to strategy generation, and results in robust strategies. Our approach is to sample over multiple trials for varying victory conditions, different threat profiles, and variable system performance to achieve

  12. Time to Reconsider Stem Cell Induction Strategies

    PubMed Central

    Denker, Hans-Werner

    2012-01-01

    Recent developments in stem cell research suggest that it may be time to reconsider the current focus of stem cell induction strategies. During the previous five years, approximately, the induction of pluripotency in somatic cells, i.e., the generation of so-called ‘induced pluripotent stem cells’ (iPSCs), has become the focus of ongoing research in many stem cell laboratories, because this technology promises to overcome limitations (both technical and ethical) seen in the production and use of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). A rapidly increasing number of publications suggest, however, that it is now possible to choose instead other, alternative ways of generating stem and progenitor cells bypassing pluripotency. These new strategies may offer important advantages with respect to ethics, as well as to safety considerations. The present communication discusses why these strategies may provide possibilities for an escape from the dilemma presented by pluripotent stem cells (self-organization potential, cloning by tetraploid complementation, patenting problems and tumor formation risk). PMID:24710555

  13. Open Science: a first step towards Science Communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grigorov, Ivo; Tuddenham, Peter

    2015-04-01

    As Earth Science communicators gear up to adopt the new tools and captivating approaches to engage citizen scientists, budding entrepreneurs, policy makers and the public in general, researchers have the responsibility, and opportunity, to fully adopt Open Science principles and capitalize on its full societal impact and engagement. Open Science is about removing all barriers to basic research, whatever its formats, so that it can be freely used, re-used and re-hashed, thus fueling discourse and accelerating generation of innovative ideas. The concept is central to EU's Responsible Research and Innovation philosophy, and removing barriers to basic research measurably contributes to engaging citizen scientists into the research process, it sets the scene for co-creation of solutions to societal challenges, and raises the general science literacy level of the public. Despite this potential, only 50% of today's basic research is freely available. Open Science can be the first passive step of communicating marine research outside academia. Full and unrestricted access to our knowledge including data, software code and scientific publications is not just an ethical obligation, but also gives solid credibility to a more sophisticated communication strategy on engaging society. The presentation will demonstrate how Open Science perfectly compliments a coherent communication strategy for placing Marine Research in societal context, and how it underpin an effective integration of Ocean & Earth Literacy principles in standard educational, as well mobilizing citizen marine scientists, thus making marine science Open Science.

  14. Superintendent Communication Patterns in Northeastern Indiana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clendening, David Earl

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the qualitative study was to examine the communication patterns of superintendents in Northeastern Indiana. The demand for accountability, transparency, and student achievement calls for today's superintendent to increase communication strategies and support the needs of the varied stakeholders. Today's public school leaders are…

  15. The communication dimension of wind energy

    E-print Network

    McCalley, James D.

    The communication dimension of wind energy: Challenges and opportunities #12;OPPORTUNITIES #12;Pew segments will require agility in communication strategy Policy makers General public Mass media Research;Sources of science and technology information, US Family & friends 5% Radio 3% Other 5% Television 44

  16. Enhancing Everyday Communication for Children with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigafoos, Jeff; Arthur-Kelly, Michael; Butterfield, Nancy

    2006-01-01

    Practical and concise, this introductory guide is filled with real-world tips and strategies for anyone working to improve the communication of children with moderate, severe, and multiple disabilities. Emphasizing the link between behavior and communication, three respected researchers transform up-to-date research and proven best practices into…

  17. Lessons learned from a regional strategy for resource allocation.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Janine C; Stapley, Jonathan; Akins, Ralitsa; Silenas, Rasa; Williams, Josie R

    2005-01-01

    Two qualitative case studies focus on the allocation of CDC funds distributed during 2002 for bioterrorism preparedness in two Texas public health regions (each as populous and complex as many states). Lessons learned are presented for public health officials and others who work to build essential public health services and security for our nation. The first lesson is that personal relationships are the cornerstone of preparedness. A major lesson is that a regional strategy to manage funds may be more effective than allocating funds on a per capita basis. One regional director required every local department to complete a strategic plan as a basis for proportional allocation of the funds. Control of communicable diseases was a central component of the planning. Some funds were kept at the regional level to provide epidemiology services, computer software, equipment, and training for the entire region. Confirmation of the value of this regional strategy was expressed by local public health and emergency management officials in a focus group 1 year after the strategy had been implemented. The group members also pointed out the need to streamline the planning process, provide up-to-date computer networks, and receive more than minimal communication. This regional strategy can be viewed from the perspective of adaptive leadership, defined as activities to bring about constructive change, which also can be used to analyze other difficult areas of preparedness. PMID:16000042

  18. Animal Presentations

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kelly Godwin

    2009-10-05

    Students will pick an animal and create a presentation for the class about that animal. They will learn about research and PowerPoint while learning about animals. Also, students will build presentation skills. Kelly Godwin Instructional Architect 09/19/09 ASSURE Lesson Plan Analyze the learner The students are all in 4th grade so they are approximately 10 years old. Their academic abilities are that of a 10-year-old give or take 1 or 1.5 years. The students are mostly from the middle class suburbs. They have more than ...

  19. Improving communication for people with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Godsell, M; Scarborough, K

    Patients with learning disabilities have higher healthcare risks than the general population. Health professionals need to develop skills that enable them to communicate effectively with this patient group. Identifying barriers to communication is the first step to reducing or removing them. Suggested strategies to improve healthcare access for patients with learning disabilities include: developing individualised health action plans, simplifying communication styles and providing accessible facilities and tailored resources. PMID:16623294

  20. Implementing successful interprofessional communication opportunities in health care education: a qualitative analysis

    PubMed Central

    Eggenberger, Terry L.; Belkowitz, Julia; Sarsekeyeva, Mira; Zito, Amalinnette R.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To explore the experience of an interprofessional communication educational intervention among nursing and medical students. Methods Forty-five medical students and 50 nursing students participated in two-hour-long interprofessional communication skills education sessions with interprofessional groups of 6-8 students each. The sessions were based on the Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPSTM) curriculum. Problematic communication scenarios were presented and then reenacted by the students with role plays that depicted improvements in interprofessional communication. Afterward, narratives describing their experience were collected from a focus group interview. Using the conventional content analysis approach, key phrases and statements were coded into themes. Results The study found that students felt increased competence and confidence when responding to conflict after practicing communication in a safe environment. Based on the opportunity to come to know their colleagues, students recognized that patient safety was a shared goal. Six themes were extracted from the narratives describing their experiences: support for process, patient safety, coming to know colleague, support for tools, respectful collaboration, and barriers to communication. Conclusions TeamSTEPPSTM provided a framework for effective and respectful collaboration. A significant barrier identified by students was that these communication techniques were not consistently demonstrated during their clinical experiences. An emphasis on interprofessional communication skills and teamwork should begin in the academic setting and be reinforced in both the formal and hidden curricula.

  1. A Systematic Review of Pediatric Obesity and Family Communication Through the Lens of Addiction Literature

    PubMed Central

    Mogul, Ashley; Irby, Megan B.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Background: Both treatment of addiction and treatment of pediatric obesity often integrate the family unit. Thus, addiction therapies may provide a model to guide treatment of pediatric obesity, particularly issues of family communication, weight, and weight-related behaviors. The aim of this systematic review is to assess what knowledge in the field of addiction treatment can be translated to pediatric weight management, particularly in relation to family-based approaches and communication. Methods: A systematic review of family communication and food addiction in obese children was conducted using MEDLINE and other databases, including all English-language studies published after 1990 meeting search criteria and related to family factors or family communication, and addiction treatment strategies used in obesity interventions. Results: Three reviews, two survey studies, and two observational studies were included. Most focused on family communication; less-healthy communication patterns and parental restriction were related to maladaptive eating behaviors in children and attrition from weight management programs. A few studies suggested family communication interventions to improve unhealthy eating patterns in children, using therapies common in family treatment of addiction (e.g., motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral therapy). No studies presented concrete suggestions to aid family communication around issues of food and weight management. Potential contributions of addiction therapies are discussed. Conclusions: Though the addictive properties of food have not been fully delineated and obesity is not classified as a disease of addiction, the field of addiction offers many approaches that may prove useful in the treatment of obesity. PMID:24809221

  2. Risk Communication: the connection between assessment and management of changing risks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sprague, Teresa; Prenger-Berninghoff, Kathrin; Charrière, Marie

    2013-04-01

    Working toward effective risk mitigation strategies amidst ever-present and increasingly changing risks requires first effective communication between assessment and management spheres. This notion permeates the spectrum of what can be considered the physical changing risk inputs that feed into the risk governance processes of assessment, management and communication of risks. Close connections and overlaps between assessment and management requires communication to serve as the crux for the close collaboration necessary for encouraging preventative, long-term strategies for reducing disaster risks.1 More specifically, communication of risk information plays this connective role by informing and advising policy and decision making processes conducted by actors such as spatial planners who receive this information. In this way, those who assess the risks provide information to those who must manage these risks. When this one-directional communication pathway is reciprocated, risk managers provide information to risk assessors, enabling two-way communication amongst actors working toward risk reduction. This communication and exchange of information enables development of strategies and actions taken toward creating and improving risk mitigation measures within a given territory and community. Further, management actions taken (especially for mitigative measures) can alter the physical and social elements of the spatial context of their territory.2 This demands an adjustment of the previous risk assessment information and communication of the change in potential risk. These conceptual underpinnings are addressed and presented through explanation of an analytical framework encompassing changing risk inputs into risk governance processes. The framework elaborates the risk communication component and is supported by practical examples from stakeholder meetings and site visits in the Polish and Romania case study areas of the Marie Curie ITN, CHANGES.3 Specific examples are provided especially within the topic of mitigation through spatial planning, as one of the risk management actors using the provided risk information to implement effective measures. Results of example analysis indicate that, in Poland, alteration in risk assessment methods according to the implementation of the EU Floods Directive may be detrimental to local level management strategies. In the case of Romania, evidence suggests that severe deficiencies exist in the communication and use of risk assessment information especially in the formation and implementation of land use plans. Utilizing these and other examples, the research concludes with some key points gleaned from the combination of the both conceptual and practical approach in order to foster dialogue and discussion toward future research.

  3. Polymers Presentation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This 15 page PowerPoint contains the presentation for the polymers module from Nano-Link. This lesson requires a background in eight grade science. Various details of polymers are discussed including molecular structures, cross-linked polymers, and ringed polymers. Lastly, an activity to explore cross-linked polymers is included. Visitors must complete a quick and free registration to access the materials.

  4. Group Productivity and Telematic Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Zornoza; F. Prieto; C. Martií; J. M. Peiroó

    1993-01-01

    Evidence offered by Bottger and Yetton has suggested that group performance is a function of member abilities and strategies to use them. This model completed previous ones offered by Steiner and Davis which were developed under the assumption that group communication occurs in a face-to-face situation. However, since the 1980s, a considerable amount of research has focused upon new ways

  5. “Doing” strategy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Pugh; L. Jay Bourgeois III

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – Most of today's conversations around crafting business strategy center on which strategic framework is most appropriate for a firm, its strategist, or CEO to use. This opinion piece seeks to argue that the focus on frameworks is inappropriate and distracts businesses from crafting holistic and adaptive strategies. To rectify the situation, it aims to offer a more inclusive

  6. Communications satellite no. 2 (CS-2)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of the Japanese CS-2 satellite is to provide national communications and industrial communications, such as special emergency and remote communications, and to contribute to the development of technology pertaining to communications satellites. Description and operating parameters of the following satellite components are presented: structure, communications system, telemetry/command system, electric power system, attitude and antenna control system, secondary propulsion system, apogee motor, framework, and heat control system.

  7. Knowledge Management: development strategy or business strategy?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karl Kalseth; Sarah Cummings

    2001-01-01

    An earlier version of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the Information Management Working Group of the European Association of Development Re-search and Training Institutes (EADI) which took place 6–9 September 2000 in Bergen, Norway. The paper first provides an introduction to knowledge management as a business strategy. It deals with the main components of the approach:

  8. Effective communication during difficult conversations.

    PubMed

    Polito, Jacquelyn M

    2013-06-01

    A strong interest and need exist in the workplace today to master the skills of conducting difficult conversations. Theories and strategies abound, yet none seem to have found the magic formula with universal appeal and success. If it is such an uncomfortable skill to master is it better to avoid or initiate such conversations with employees? Best practices and evidence-based management guide us to the decision that quality improvement dictates effective communication, even when difficult. This brief paper will offer some suggestions for strategies to manage difficult conversations with employees. Mastering the skills of conducting difficult conversations is clearly important to keeping lines of communication open and productive. Successful communication skills may actually help to avert confrontation through employee engagement, commitment and appropriate corresponding behavior PMID:23833841

  9. Nonverbal communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1969-01-01

    Certain nonlanguage behaviors, such as voice quality (paralanguage), body motion, touch, and use of personal space (proxemics), appear to play a prominent role in communication. Research efforts to specify and to understand the communicative function of these behaviors, here generically termed \\

  10. Communicating up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lum, Lydia

    2013-01-01

    Chief communicators at many U.S. institutions are interested in forging closer ties with governing boards. Proponents say such relationships can increase board trust and confidence in communicators before a crisis occurs, making it easier to manage the institution's reputation and limit negative publicity when one does. At some institutions, such…

  11. Presentations Increase Your Presentation Confidence

    E-print Network

    in public in low-risk, unevaluated situations, such as the Student Learning Commons' English Conversation and prepare their answers. Familiarize yourself with the room setup and the available technology. PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE Don't write out or memorize the whole presentation. o Focus on learning the flow

  12. Pollution prevention research strategy

    SciTech Connect

    Herrmann, J.

    1998-09-01

    ORD developed a Pollution Prevention Research Strategy that elaborates on the directions in the strategic plan and provides a framework to guide investments in pollution prevention research and development over the next five years. The strategy contains four chapters: Chapter 1 sets the context; Chapter 2 outlines a strategic pollution prevention rationale; Chapter 3 describes four long-term goals and accompanying strategic objectives to be addressed and includes activities to be pursued as part of the research strategy; and Chapter 4 describes the implementation approach for the goals and objectives presented in Chapter 3.

  13. Technology and social communication

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, G.A.

    1996-12-31

    For centuries advances in what we now term media have generated concerns about the effect these advances have on values and morality-books, stage drama, movies, TV, and now computer-based fantasy and Internet-based distribution. These media comprise some of the most powerful agents for developing our fundamental strategies for living. Computer-based fantasy can provide waves of sensations that everyday life does not prepare us for; they create a wow effect. The implications are especially, strong for adolescents. Wow effects come to seem ordinary. We can easily overdose on them with a subsequent dulling of sensibility that motivates one to seek the next level. As the wow effect is numbed, socializing restrictions break down. A psychological strategy of distancing is one defense against enhanced imagery - a strategy of cool as antidote. The wow-cool dipole can foster a role as spectator that inhibits empathy and a fundamental distancing from the self. Technology - the source of our concerns-can also help to counteract them. The most powerful drive in children is to learn mastery of the world. New input and output devices and especially properly designed software can enhance the capacity to learn and to be creative, i.e. to gain mastery over the world. These powerful new modes of communication not only give us great access to the world, they give the world great access to us. We must supplant what is now mostly a passive broadcast system with interactive exploration and two-way communication.

  14. HIV and Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeilly, L.G.

    2005-01-01

    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to plague many countries across the globe, including the United States, Africa, China and India. Children and adults have been infected with HIV, and both populations can present with communication disorders that coexist with the presence of the virus. The purpose of this paper is to present an…

  15. A Study of Communication Modalities in a Virtual Collaborative Task

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    and strategies to enhance their communication. For instance, non-verbal cues such as facial expressions and body communication in virtual environments is expected to enhance the mutual understanding between partners whenA Study of Communication Modalities in a Virtual Collaborative Task Jinling Wang Department

  16. A Study on Pragmatic Failure in Cross-Cultural Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fang, Jie

    2010-01-01

    Through analyzing and comparing the anecdotes of pragmatic failure in cross-cultural communication from the aspects of lexicon, syntax and discourse, some pragmatic strategies are suggested in intercultural communication. To improve learners' cultural awareness and communicative competence, a cultural-linguistic approach in foreign language…

  17. Effective Strategies Brief

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Russell Gersten

    2007-01-01

    In this research brief the authors detail effective teaching strategies for teaching students with difficulties in math. The brief summarizes the work of over fifty research studies and details the practices that were seen as consistently effective across many of them. The brief details six instructional strategies and presents data describing the effectiveness of each on special education students and low-achieving students. The brief can be viewed on the webpage or downloaded as a PDF.

  18. Job & Internship Search Strategies Strategies &

    E-print Network

    Barnes, Elizabeth A.

    Job & Internship Search Strategies Strategies & Tools What it is? How it helps? Advice COB Career, you have a unique log-in that allows you to manage your profile, search for positions and companies/interview activities with off-campus searching. Recruiting Events/ Career Fairs On and off-campus events promoted

  19. Effective Responder Communication Improves Efficiency and Psychological Outcomes in a Mass Decontamination Field Experiment: Implications for Public Behaviour in the Event of a Chemical Incident

    PubMed Central

    Carter, Holly; Drury, John; Amlôt, Richard; Rubin, G. James; Williams, Richard

    2014-01-01

    The risk of incidents involving mass decontamination in response to a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear release has increased in recent years, due to technological advances, and the willingness of terrorists to use unconventional weapons. Planning for such incidents has focused on the technical issues involved, rather than on psychosocial concerns. This paper presents a novel experimental study, examining the effect of three different responder communication strategies on public experiences and behaviour during a mass decontamination field experiment. Specifically, the research examined the impact of social identity processes on the relationship between effective responder communication, and relevant outcome variables (e.g. public compliance, public anxiety, and co-operative public behaviour). All participants (n?=?111) were asked to visualise that they had been involved in an incident involving mass decontamination, before undergoing the decontamination process, and receiving one of three different communication strategies: 1) ‘Theory-based communication’: Health-focused explanations about decontamination, and sufficient practical information; 2) ‘Standard practice communication’: No health-focused explanations about decontamination, sufficient practical information; 3) ‘Brief communication’: No health-focused explanations about decontamination, insufficient practical information. Four types of data were collected: timings of the decontamination process; observational data; and quantitative and qualitative self-report data. The communication strategy which resulted in the most efficient progression of participants through the decontamination process, as well as the fewest observations of non-compliance and confusion, was that which included both health-focused explanations about decontamination and sufficient practical information. Further, this strategy resulted in increased perceptions of responder legitimacy and increased identification with responders, which in turn resulted in higher levels of expected compliance during a real incident, and increased willingness to help other members of the public. This study shows that an understanding of the social identity approach facilitates the development of effective responder communication strategies for incidents involving mass decontamination. PMID:24595097

  20. Politexting: A Phenomenological Examination of the Information and Communication Technology Employed by Nigerian Legislators in Communicating with Their Constituents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olaore, Oladeji J.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to create and develop a set of communication strategies that will assist elected representatives in Nigeria in communicating effectively with their constituents. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has changed the face of the world, and its impact is manifest in every facet of our lives. The introduction of…

  1. Teaching Partner-Focused Questions to Students Who Use Augmentative Communication to Initiate and Lengthen Their Communication Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Sondra; Rettig, Michael A.

    2009-01-01

    Students that use augmentative communication often have a hard time breaking into conversations, initiating conversations and then being able to sustain a conversation. Students that use augmentative communication (ACC) need training in not only the use of the machine but in social communication rules, and in strategies on how to bypass…

  2. Weaving Assessment Information into Intervention Ideas: Planning Communication Interventions for Young Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hampton, Enrica O.; Whitney, Diana Williams; Schwartz, Ilene S.

    2002-01-01

    This article discusses how practitioners can link assessment to action when planning communication interventions for young children with disabilities. It reviews communication components and discusses strategies for collecting information that may be especially useful in the domain of communication. Strategies for turning assessment information…

  3. Diabetes City: How Urban Game Design Strategies Can Help Diabetics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knöll, Martin

    Computer Games are about to leave their “electronic shells” and enter the city. So-called Serious Pervasive Games (SPGs) [1] allow for hybrid - simultaneously physical and virtual - experiences, applying technologies of ubiquitous computing, communication and “intelligent” interfaces. They begin to focus on non-entertaining purposes. The following article a) presents game design strategies as a missing link between pervasive computing, Ambient Intelligence and user’s everyday life. Therefore it spurs a discussion how Pervasive Healthcare focusing on the therapy and prevention of chronic diseases can benefit from urban game design strategies. b) Moreover the article presents the development and work in progress of “DiabetesCity“ - an educational game prototype for young diabetics.

  4. An Investigation of the Impact of Electronic Communication Systems on Organizational Communication Patterns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert B. Mitchell; Marian C. Crawford; R. Burt Madden

    1985-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study designed to determine the effects of computerized electronic communication systems on organizational communication and the concepts and competencies which should be stressed in preparing students for an electronic communication environment. Data were collected from Association for Business Communication members and Office Systems Research Association members. Analyses resulted in the development of a

  5. Development Decision-Makers' Perspectives of Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, John L.

    Presented to a United Nations seminar on the role of information in the development of emerging nations, this document presents effective communication as the achievement of results--a change in attitude, practice, and knowledge. Elements of the SMCRE (sender-message-channel-receiver-effect) communications model are used in analyzing communication

  6. Communicative Language Teaching: Approach, Design and Procedure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liao, Xiao Qing

    This paper presents a very comprehensive overview of the communicative language teaching (CLT) approach, presenting the views of critics as well as supporters. CLT views language as a vehicle for communication, and it recognizes as its aim the teaching of communicative competence, which includes grammatical, sociolinguistic, discourse, and…

  7. Parental Differences in Infant-Directed Emotional Communication 

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Lynnel 1990-

    2012-04-30

    Past research on parent- infant communication has failed to examine how parents communicate emotions differently and the relationships that infant sex and infant attachment may have with parental communication. The present research examines how...

  8. Science communication as political communication.

    PubMed

    Scheufele, Dietram A

    2014-09-16

    Scientific debates in modern societies often blur the lines between the science that is being debated and the political, moral, and legal implications that come with its societal applications. This manuscript traces the origins of this phenomenon to professional norms within the scientific discipline and to the nature and complexities of modern science and offers an expanded model of science communication that takes into account the political contexts in which science communication takes place. In a second step, it explores what we know from empirical work in political communication, public opinion research, and communication research about the dynamics that determine how issues are debated and attitudes are formed in political environments. Finally, it discusses how and why it will be increasingly important for science communicators to draw from these different literatures to ensure that the voice of the scientific community is heard in the broader societal debates surrounding science. PMID:25225389

  9. Developing Process of ATM Strategies and the Consideration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hisao Nagaoka

    The author traced a historical transition about developing process of ATM strategies in Japanese banks, and arranged it systematically. ATM strategies have evolved by the change of financial environment and the advancement of information-communication technology. Up to now, conventional ATM strategies have aimed at the expansion of the scale, the service time and the function, and improved customer's convenience. But

  10. What Really Works? An Exploratory Study of Condom Negotiation Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy G. Lam; Amy Mak; Patricia D. Lindsay; Stephen T. Russell

    2004-01-01

    Verbal-direct strategies are assumed to be the most effective strategies in negoti- ating condom use. Both cultural and gender differences in communication styles suggest that individuals may negotiate condoms in ways that are not exclusively verbal and direct. This study examined the use of other forms of condom negoti- ations by developing an exploratory scale that distinguished strategies on how

  11. Charlie's House Marketing Communications Plan

    E-print Network

    Patch, Aaron; Shoptaw, Carrie; Kopp, Melissa

    2012-05-08

    A Strategic Marketing Communications Plan for Charlie’s House Prepared and presented by: Melissa Kopp, Carrie Shoptaw and Aaron Patch School of Journalism and Mass Communications; Marketing Communications Capstone The University... 3 Team Credential Melissa Kopp is an advertising account executive for MMGY Global, a local agency specializing in travel marketing. Melissa earned a joint bachelor’s degree in International Studies and French from the University...

  12. Application of communications satellites to educational development. [technology utilization/information systems - bibliographies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morgan, R. P.

    1975-01-01

    A summary of research is presented. The broad objectives of this interdisciplinary research effort were: (1) to assess the role of satellite communications as a means of improving education in the United States, as well as in less-developed areas of the world; (2) to generate basic knowledge which will aid in making rational decisions about satellite application in the field of education in the years ahead; (3) to devise systems and strategies for improving education; and (4) to educate individuals who will be knowledgeable about aspects of satellite communications policy which transcend any single discipline.

  13. SORTING ALGORITHMS FOR BROADCAST COMMUNICATIONS: MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS

    E-print Network

    Prodinger, Helmut

    SORTING ALGORITHMS FOR BROADCAST COMMUNICATIONS: MATHEMATICAL in broadcast communication and secondly we present a method to* * compute certain integrals which occur algorithms for sorting under the broadcast commu* *nication model. Two algorithms are based

  14. Teaching communication skills: beyond wishful thinking.

    PubMed

    Junod Perron, Noelle; Sommer, Johanna; Louis-Simonet, Martine; Nendaz, Mathieu

    2015-01-01

    Communication skills tend to decline with time unless they are regularly recalled and practiced. However, most medical schools still deliver clinical communication training only during pre-clinical years although the clinical environment is considered to be ideal for acquiring and teaching clinical communication. The aim of this article is to review the barriers that prevent communication skills teaching and training from occurring in clinical practice and describe strategies that may help enhance such activities. Barriers occur at several levels: students, junior doctors and clinical supervisors sometimes have negative attitudes towards communication training; structured training in communication skills is often insufficient; clinical supervisors behave as poor role models and lack effective communication and teaching skills; finally, there are organisational constraints such as lack of time, competing priorities, weak hierarchy support and lack of positive incentives for using, training or teaching good communication skills in clinical practice. Given the difficulty of assessing transfer of communication skills in practice, only few studies describe successful educational interventions. In order to optimise communication skills learning in practice, there is need to: (1.) modify the climate and structure of the working environment so that that use, training and teaching of good communication skills in clinical practice becomes valued, supported and rewarded; (2.) extend communication skills training to any field of medicine; (3.) provide regular structured trainings and tailor them to trainees' needs. Practical implications of such findings are discussed at the end of this review. PMID:25664624

  15. Optimal power allocation with AF and SDF strategies in dual-hop cooperative MIMO networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaorong Xu; Baoyu Zheng; Jianwu Zhang

    2010-01-01

    Dual-hop cooperative Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) network with multi-relay cooperative communication is introduced.\\u000a Power allocation problem with Amplify-and-Forward (AF) and Selective Decode-and-Forward (SDF) strategies in multi-node scenario\\u000a are formulated and solved respectively. Optimal power allocation schemes that maximize system capacity with AF strategy are\\u000a presented. In addition, optimal power allocation methods that minimize asymptotic Symbol Error Rate (SER) with SDF cooperative

  16. Non-verbal communication between nurses and people with an intellectual disability: a review of the literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne-Marie Martin; Maureen OConnor-Fenelon; Rosemary Lyons

    2010-01-01

    This article critically synthesizes current literature regarding communication between nurses and people with an intellectual disability who communicate non-verbally. The unique context of communication between the intellectual disability nurse and people with intellectual disability and the review aims and strategies are outlined. Communication as a concept is explored in depth. Communication between the intellectual disability nurse and the person with

  17. Information and Communication Technology: Students' Health Education in 1st- to 6th-Grade South Korea Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Eunjoo; Park, Hyejin; Whyte, James; Jeong, Eunhoe

    2013-01-01

    Background: The purposes of this study were to (1) identify school nurses' awareness of information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' health education and (2) explore the barriers or reasons for the adoption of ICT in school nursing practice, while (3) presenting strategies to speed ICT diffusion and dissemination into…

  18. Crisis Revisited: An Analysis of Strategies Used by Tylenol in the Second Tampering Episode.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, James A.

    1988-01-01

    Illustrates how Johnson & Johnson's crisis communication management adhered to many of the recommended guidelines for managing contingency planning, for mobilizing a crisis communication effort, and for post-crisis communication. Reveals the advantageous use of flexible, proactive, and corollary communication strategies. (MS)

  19. Information & Communications

    E-print Network

    Popeea, Corneliu - Chair for Foundations of Software Reliability and Theoretical Computer Science

    Model & % " " ( & # % & ) # # * % ' ) # # * & Metabolism Drug Screening #12;© Siemens AG, CT IC 4, 2003 IC 4, 2003 Information & Communications Neural Computation EmotionLong Term Memory Working Memory Attentional Filtering Object/Spatial Memory Rule Memory Attention Object-Based Attention, Spatial Attention

  20. Acoustic Communication

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    0000-00-00

    Concise lecture on sound production in insects. Stridulation, forced air through spiracles, wing vibration, and tapping are all discussed with examples. Advantages and disadvantages of sound production are also discussed. The page also links to chemical, and visual communication pages.

  1. Military communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Torleiv Maseng; Randall Landry; Kenneth Young

    2009-01-01

    This feature topic on military communications includes five articles that deal primarily with wireless tactical networks, covering topics ranging from security to software defined radio design and mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) for covert battlefield operations.

  2. Adapting and Personalizing the Communication in a Synchronous Communication Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gogoulou, A.; Gouli, E.; Grigoriadou, M.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we present a synchronous text-based communication tool, referred to as Adaptive Communication Tool (ACT), which provides capabilities for adaptation and personalization. ACT supports both the free and the structured form of dialogue. The structured dialogue is implemented by two types of Scaffolding Sentence Templates (SST); i.e.…

  3. HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM The______________________________ Department has developed a Hazard Communication

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    about chemical hazards and other hazardous substances via our comprehensive Hazard Communication Program. The Hazard Communication Program will include: WORKPLACE CHEMICAL LIST MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS CONTAINER the following information for each hazardous chemical normally present in the workplace or temporary workplace

  4. Police Communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    Oklahoma City Police Department developed a computerized communications system, based on Johnson Space Center's (JSC's) 1960-mission control knowledge. JSC furnished information on lighting and other fatigue reducing measures, and provided specifications for equipment and design layouts. JSC also advised OCPD how to avoid communications bottlenecks associated with simultaneous handling of telephone, radio and inner-office transmissions. Oklahoma City saved money in reduced design and engineering costs by utilizing the already developed NASA technology.

  5. Engineering Communication

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Heitkamp, Greg

    This engineering communication overview, created by Greg Heitkamp and published by the Engineering Technology Pathways project, gives students background in the "ability to express what is going on to different parts of a project" in engineering so that the project goes smoothly. A number of different approaches are discussed, including concurrent engineering and integrated product development (IPD), along with the benefits and disadvantages of each. This is a helpful introduction for engineering students to become acquainted with the communication fundamentals in the field.

  6. A Social Science Guide for Communication on Climate Change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    St John, C.; Marx, S.; Markowitz, E.

    2014-12-01

    Researchers from the Center for Research on Environmental Decisions (CRED) published "The Psychology of Climate Change Communication: A Guide for Scientists, Journalists, Educators, Political Aides, and the Interested Public" in 2009. This landmark guide provided climate change communicators a synthesis of the social science research that was pertinent to understanding how people think about climate change and how the practice could be improved. In the fall of 2014 this guide will be rereleased, with a new title, and in a partnership between CRED and ecoAmerica. The updated guide addresses how and why Americans respond in certain ways to climate change and explains how communicators can apply best practices to their own work. The guide, which includes research from a range of social science fields including psychology, anthropology, communications, and behavioral economics, is designed to be useful for experienced and novice communicators alike. Included in the guide are strategies to boost engagement, common mistakes to avoid, and best practices that organizations around the world have used to meaningfully engage individuals and groups on climate change. The proposed presentation will provide an overview of the main findings and tips from the 2014 climate change communication guide. It will provide a deeper look at a few of the key points that are crucial for increasing audience engagement with climate change including understanding how identity shapes climate change, how to lead with solutions, and how to bring the impacts of climate change close to home. It will highlight tips for motivating positive behavior change that will lead people down the path toward solutions. Finally, it will address the benefits and challenges associated with producing a communication guide and insight into synthesizing social science research findings into a usable format for a variety of audiences.

  7. Routing and Allocation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Communication Considerations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sabo, Chelsea

    Cooperative Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) teams are anticipated to provide much needed support for human intelligence, measurement and signature intelligence, signals intelligence, imagery intelligence, and open source intelligence through algorithms, software, and automation. Therefore, it is necessary to have autonomous algorithms that route multiple UAVs effectively and efficiently throughout missions and that these are realizable in the real-world given the associated uncertainties. Current routing strategies ignore communication constraints altogether. In reality, communication can be restricted by bandwidth, line-of-sight, maximum communication ranges, or a need for uninterrupted transmission. Generating autonomous algorithms that work effectively around these communication constraints is key for the future of UAV surveillance applications. In this work, both current and new routing strategies for UAVS are analyzed to determine how communications impact efficiency of information return. It is shown that under certain communication conditions, a new approach on routing can be more efficient than typically adopted strategies. This new approach defines and presents a new formulation based on a minimum delivery latency objective function. The problem is formulated such that information is not considered delivered until it is returned back to a high-bandwidth connection (depot) which is common when communication is restricted. The size of the region is shown to be dependent upon distance between requests, UAV bandwidth, UAV velocity, and data size, but it was shown that for large-sized data, long distances, and low bandwidth, it is generally better to route UAVs with this new minimum latency objective. With the added decision of when to deliver information to a high-bandwidth connection, an already computationally complex problem grows even faster. Because of scaling issues, a heuristic algorithm was developed that was constructed by analyzing the optimal solution. The algorithm is a cluster-first, route-second approach, but differs from conventional Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) solutions in that the number of clusters is not necessarily equal to the number of vehicles. Because of this, a unique approach to clustering is adopted to form clusters using hierarchical agglomerative clustering and fuzzy logic. Based on a detailed Monte Carlo analysis, the heuristic algorithm showed near-optimal (within ˜5%) results calculable in real-time (allowing it to be used in dynamic scenarios too) and scaled to much larger problem sizes. Furthermore, the performance was analyzed under varying degrees of dynamism and arrival rates. Results showed good performance, and found the boundaries for the regions of light and heavy load cases for a single vehicle to be about 0.3 and 4 requests an hour, respectively. Finally, both static and dynamic cases were validated in flight testing, highlighting the usability of this approach.

  8. Briefcase Communicator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    In the photo at bottom right, a U.S. Park Police officer is demonstrating a battery-powered communications system, sufficiently compact to be packed in a briefcase-size container, which can send and receive signals over great distances by means of satellite relay. Key to the system's efficacy is the high-powered transmitting and receiving equipment aboard such NASA satellites as the Applications Technology Satellite6 (ATS-6) and the joint U.S.-Canadian Communications Technology Satellite (CTS); this enables the briefcase communicator to pick up satellite-relayed signals by means of the small hook-on antenna shown instead of the more elaborate-ground equipment customarily needed. Developed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, the communicator is intended for use in emergency situations. It has utility, for example, in disasters, such as floods and hurricanes, where power failure disrupts conventional communications; for on-the-spot transmissions from major accident sites; or in remote areas where no other means of communication exists

  9. Use of communications. [satellite communication

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    Progress in the field of satellite communications is reviewed, and useful services which may be provided by future satellite communications systems are considered. Recommendations are made with regard to mobile communications for use on land and at sea, position determination, mineral and energy exploration, the possibility of using electronic means to assist in main delivery, education and health-care experiments, and the use of satellite telecommunications to enhance the quality of life in rural areas by making available a full range of educational and entertainment programs. The needs of the amateur radio community are also considered.

  10. Implementing Complex Web-Based Training Strategies with Virtual Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helic, Denis; Maurer, Hermann; Scerbakov, Nick

    Current training strategies implemented in online Web-based training (WBT) sessions are rather simple strategies. They lack a number of typical classroom training strategies, such as: composite training strategies, the possibility to customize and adapt training strategy, and collaborative training strategies. This paper presents a novel WBT tool…

  11. Comment on "Quantum Secure Direct Communication with Authentication Expansion Using Single Photons"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Yu-Guang; Jia, Xin; Xia, Juan; Shi, Lei; Zhang, Hua

    2012-12-01

    The security of the quantum secure direct communication protocol with authentication expansion using single photons is analyzed. It is shown that an eavesdropper can obtain or even modify the transmitted secret without introducing any error by implementing a simple man-in-the-middle attack after the authentication is successfully carried out. Furthermore, a denial-of-service attack is also discussed. The particular attack strategy is demonstrated and an improved protocol is presented.

  12. Cryptanalysis of Quantum Secure Direct Communication and Authentication Scheme via Bell States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Fei; Qin, Su-Juan; Guo, Fen-Zhuo; Wen, Qiao-Yan

    2011-02-01

    The security of the quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) and authentication protocol based on Bell states is analyzed. It is shown that an eavesdropper can invalidate the authentication function, and implement a successful man-in-the-middle attack, where he/she can obtain or even modify the transmitted secret without introducing any error. The particular attack strategy is demonstrated and an improved protocol is presented.

  13. Transparency and Stability of Bilateral Kinesthetic Teleoperation with Time-Delayed Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hubert Baier; Günther Schmidt

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a novel control approach that simultaneously ensures stability and transparency of bilateral kinesthetic teleoperation in case of communication delay. The approach rests upon a straight-forward combination of two-port lossless line theory, proper adaptation of line terminating impedance functions and situation dependent switching of adaptation filters. Application of a resulting transparency oriented control strategy to 1- or multi-DoF

  14. Improving the security of secure deterministic communication scheme based on quantum remote state preparation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Su-Juan; Wen, Qiao-Yan

    2010-02-01

    The security of the quantum secure deterministic communication scheme [Chin. Phys. 16 (2007) 2549] is reexamined. A security loophole is pointed out. Taking advantage of this loophole, an eavesdropper can steal all the secret messages without being detected by an intercept-and-resend attack strategy. Furthermore, a possible improvement on this protocol is presented. It makes the modified protocol secure against this kind of attack.

  15. The art of tactile communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carl E. Sherrick

    1975-01-01

    Presents a review of vibrotactile stimulus systems, and describes some of the instrumentation necessary for the study of tactile communication. Emphasis is placed on information pertinent to psychologists interested in cutaneous communication systems as they relate to learning, linguistics, and diagnostics. (58 ref)

  16. Asian Communication: Research, Training, Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lerner, Daniel, Ed.

    A selection of eight papers on Asian communication is presented for the purpose of alerting communication researchers to significant work being done outside of the academic community. Topics include (1) a Malaysian experience in using commercial resources for audience research, (2) a content analysis model of the Pakistani press, (3) the…

  17. Electronic Communication by Deaf Teenagers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valerie Henderson; Rebecca E. Grinter; Thad Starner

    We present a qualitative, exploratory study to examine the space of electronic based communication (e.g. instant messaging, short message service, email) by Deaf teenagers in the greater Atlanta metro area. We answer the basic questions of who, what, where, when, and how to understand Deaf teenage use of electronic, mobile communication technologies. Our findings reveal that both Deaf and hearing

  18. A critical review of the research literature on Six Sigma, Lean and StuderGroup's Hardwiring Excellence in the United States: the need to demonstrate and communicate the effectiveness of transformation strategies in healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joshua R Vest; Larry D Gamm

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: U.S. healthcare organizations are confronted with numerous and varied transformational strategies promising improvements along all dimensions of quality and performance. This article examines the peer-reviewed literature from the U.S. for evidence of effectiveness among three current popular transformational strategies: Six Sigma, Lean\\/Toyota Production System, and Studer's Hardwiring Excellence. METHODS: The English language health, healthcare management, and organizational science literature

  19. WindTalker: A P2P-Based Low-Latency Anonymous Communication Network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jia; Duan, Haixin; Liu, Wu; Wu, Jianping

    Compared with traditional static anonymous communication networks, the P2P architecture can provide higher anonymity in communication. However, the P2P architecture also leads to more challenges, such as route, stability, trust and so on. In this paper, we present WindTalker, a P2P-based low-latency anonymous communication network. It is a pure decentralized mix network and can provide low-latency services which help users hide their real identity in communication. In order to ensure stability and reliability, WindTalker imports “seed nodes” to help a peer join in the P2P network and the peer nodes can use gossip-based protocol to exchange active information. Moreover, WindTalker uses layer encryption to ensure the information of relayed messages cannot be leaked. In addition, malicious nodes in the network are the major threat to anonymity of P2P anonymous communication, so WindTalker imports a trust mechanism which can help the P2P network exclude malicious nodes and optimize the strategy of peer discovery, tunnel construction, and relaying etc. in anonymous communications. We deploy peer nodes of WindTalker in our campus network to test reliability and analyze anonymity in theory. The network measurement and simulation analysis shows that WindTalker can provide low-latency and reliable anonymous communication services.

  20. Perceived Instructor In-class Communicative Behaviors As a Predictor of Student Participation in Out of Class Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott A. Myers; Matthew M. Martin; Jennifer L. Knapp

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of instructor in-class communicative behaviors on college student participation in out of class communication (OCC). Participants were 298 students enrolled in an introductory communication course at a Mid-Atlantic university who completed the Communication Functions Questionnaire, the modified Affinity-Seeking Strategy scale, and the Out of Class Interaction scale. Results of stepwise