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1

An Overview of Communication Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study introduces strategies of interlanguage communication associated with developing solutions for limited English proficient learners as they become skilled at English as a second language. First, a significant classification of Faerch and Kasper's communication strategies will be presented. Second, the organizing methods of the other nine…

Kendall, Shari; Jarvie, Douglas S.; Doll, Jonathan; Lin, Grace Hui Chin; Purcell, John Anthony

2005-01-01

2

Sensor Networks Communication strategies  

E-print Network

Outline Sensor Networks Communication strategies Follow on Distributed estimation in sensor@dsi.unifi.it February 1, 2007 A. Benavoli Fully Decentralized Networks #12;Outline Sensor Networks Communication strategies Follow on Outline 1 Sensor Networks An introduction to Sensor Networks Network architectures

Chisci, Luigi

3

NASA science communications strategy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1994, the Clinton Administration issued a report, 'Science in the National Interest', which identified new national science goals. Two of the five goals are related to science communications: produce the finest scientists and engineers for the 21st century, and raise scientific and technological literacy of all Americans. In addition to the guidance and goals set forth by the Administration, NASA has been mandated by Congress under the 1958 Space Act to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination concerning its activities and the results thereof'. In addition to addressing eight Goals and Plans which resulted from a January 1994 meeting between NASA and members of the broader scientific, education, and communications community on the Public Communication of NASA's Science, the Science Communications Working Group (SCWG) took a comprehensive look at the way the Agency communicates its science to ensure that any changes the Agency made were long-term improvements. The SCWG developed a Science Communications Strategy for NASA and a plan to implement the Strategy. This report outlines a strategy from which effective science communications programs can be developed and implemented across the agency. Guiding principles and strategic themes for the strategy are provided, with numerous recommendations for improvement discussed within the respective themes of leadership, coordination, integration, participation, leveraging, and evaluation.

1995-01-01

4

Revealing the Effectivenesses of Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to report the history of communication strategy and highlight the importance of strategic competence. It provides the histories and characterizations of communication strategy. Besides, it presents from which perspectives these definitions of communication strategies were developed. Various earlier and latter…

Lin, Grace Hui Chin

2013-01-01

5

Communication: essential strategies for success.  

PubMed

This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advance organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tool, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author discusses strategies for communication for change processes, whether large or small. Intentional planning and development of a communication strategy alongside, not as an afterthought, to change initiatives are essential. PMID:23708499

O'Connor, Mary

2013-06-01

6

NASA Education Communication Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past 15 years, the number of American college students earning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees has continued to decrease. By 2010, it is projected the national demand for STEM employees will rise by 10 percent. The Education Communication Strategy identifies the steps National Aeronautics and Space…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2008

2008-01-01

7

Corporate strategies for satellite communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Terrestrial and satellite broadcast communications technologies, while clearly providing tremendous benefits in many market sectors, present something of a challenge to the strategic planning bodies in most organizations. This is because there is no existing analog for the services in the organizations' telecommunications networks. The marketplace is therefore a confusing place for such organizations swamped as it is with competing service providers, technologies, and services, and their telecommunications strategies cannot cope with the opportunities because they have been founded on the exploitation of point to point connections. A mechanism for creating and bounding strategies which combines the rigor of structured analysis with a comprehensive categorization of strategic directions which has been successfully used to generate new paneuropean telecommunications strategies is presented.

Birch, David G. W.; Buck, S. Peter

1991-10-01

8

Competitive Communication Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summarizes the findings of the work undertaken by the Centre for Exploitation of Science and Technology into the interaction between transport and communications. Draws on the views of senior managers within information and communication industries and also uses an analysis of a range of communication-based applications and market surveys to evaluate user\\/supplier relationships and the development of applications. Looks at

Stephen Marsh

1994-01-01

9

Strategies for Teaching Managerial Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers suggestions for course content and teaching methods for a graduate managerial communication course. Discusses course topics and course methods. Describes three assignments and exercises that demonstrate how to apply andragogical strategies that include: memo makeover; diversity game; and voting for dollars. (SG)

Hynes, Geraldine E.

2002-01-01

10

Communication Strategies in the Written Medium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of second language acquisition has distinguished between two types of strategies: learning strategies and communication strategies. Learning strategies deal with the receptive domain of intake, memory, storage, and recall. Communication strategies pertain to the employment of verbal and nonverbal mechanisms for the productive…

Xhaferi, Brikena

2012-01-01

11

Promoting Community Health Resources: Preferred Communication Strategies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Background: Community health promotion efforts involve communicating resource information to priority populations. Which communication strategies are most effective is largely unknown for specific populations. Objective: A random-dialed telephone survey was conducted to assess health resource comm...

12

A Case Study about Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this case study was to identify what were Taiwanese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners' perceptions about learning communication strategies. This study collected qualitative data about students' beliefs and attitudes as they learned communication strategies. The research question guiding the study was:…

Lin, Grace Hui Chin

2011-01-01

13

Developing an Oral Communication Strategy Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on how valid information about learner perception of strategy use during communicative tasks can be gathered systematically from English as a foreign language (EFL) learners. First, the study attempted to develop a questionnaire for statistical analysis, named the Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI). The research…

Nakatani, Yasuo

2006-01-01

14

Communication Strategies for Implementing Organizational Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work advances a stronger conceptual and empirical understanding of two broad, conceptual communicative treatments for implementing change: programmatic and participatory. These theoretical approaches are elucidated respectively through established communication models, activities, and strategies advanced by previous scholarship within the communication and business disciplines. In addition, conclusions are drawn about the supposed limitations and benefits of using these change implementation

Travis L. Russ

15

Effectively Executing a Comprehensive Marketing Communication Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketers are under increasing scrutiny from their management to demonstrate accountability for the resources they receive. Three models are presented to help marketers execute their customer communication activities more effectively. Benefits of using the “Identification of Strategic Communication Elements,” “Business Communication” and “Communications Management Process” models include (1) more effective upfront strategic and tactical planning, (2) ensuring key communication principles

William R. Gombeski Jr; Jan Taylor; Ami Piccirilli; Lee Cundiff; Jason Britt

2008-01-01

16

Corporate Communication Strategy: Applying Theory to Practice at Dow Corning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the Dow Corning breast implant controversy in the context of a theoreti- cal corporate communication framework. It begins with a discussion of relevant theoretical constructs for corporate communication strategy. It then presents a chronology of the controversy, based on field interviews and an exhaustive survey of relevant media coverage. The article concludes with insights about how corporate

Paul A. Argenti

1998-01-01

17

Communication Strategies or Discourse Strategies in Foreign Language Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Faerch and Kasper's model (1983) of communication strategies and demonstrates that it is too rigid to have a sound psychological foundation. The article argues for more emphasis on studying learners' strategies from a discourse analyst's perspective and touches on the interrelation between language, culture, and personality in verbal…

Abdesslem, Habib

1996-01-01

18

Learning Communication Strategies in Multiagent Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe a dynamic, adaptive communication strategy for multiagent systems. We discuss the behavioral parameters of each agent that need to be computed, and provide a quantitative solution to the problem of controlling these parameters. We also describe the testbed we built and the experiments we performed to evaluate the effectiveness of our methodology. Several experiments using

Michael Kinney; Costas Tsatsoulis

1998-01-01

19

A Communications Strategy for Kerbside Recycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a case study that evaluated the effects of a communications campaign for increasing recycling rates and positively influencing recycling attitudes and the behaviour of residents in Rushcliffe. Household waste is growing by approximately 3% each year and there is a need for a planned and sustained strategy that is regularly evaluated and adapted in order to achieve

Nicky Mee

2005-01-01

20

Innovative Climate Communication Strategies: What Sticks?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A unique aspect of our work at the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) is the melding of scientific research and a robust communications initiative to bring salient information to decision makers and the public. Over the years, we have tried many different strategies to convey complex scientific information in an effective and appealing way, from movie stars to hope psychology, from dire warnings to academic appeals. But now that we are seeing climate impacts locally and climate change is no longer a future reality, what new vision do we need to support ongoing education? In this session we will present some of the techniques we have used to convey climate science concepts including our use of metaphors, data visualization, photography, blogs, social media, video, and public outreach events. Realizing that messages that stick are those that contain powerful narrative and speak to the emotional centers of our brains, we use innovative infographics as well as personal stories to encourage people to care about creating a healthier, cleaner planet. Reaching new audiences using unexpected messengers is a key focus. Some of the questions we will explore are: What metrics can we use to determine the efficacy of these tools? What are the best ways to convey urgency without a sense of hopelessness? How can we improve our communication at a time when action on climate is a necessity? Research shows infographics convey concepts much more easily and quickly than text alone, as our brains are wired to process visual scenes. Making complex scientific information accessible to the non-specialist public involves creativity and excellent data visualization.

Fitzpatrick, M. F.; Heid, M.; Spanger-Siegfried, E.; Sideris, J.; Sanford, T. J.; Nurnberger, L.; Huertas, A.; Ekwurzel, B.; Cleetus, R.; Cell, K.

2013-12-01

21

New Horizons Risk Communication Strategy, Planning, Implementation, and Lessons Learned  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper discusses the risk communication goals, strategy, planning process and product development for the New Horizons mission, including lessons from the Cassini mission that were applied in that effort, and presents lessons learned from the New Horizons effort that could be applicable to future missions.

Dawson, Sandra A.

2006-01-01

22

Communicative Repair Strategies and Problem Behaviours of Children with Autism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews research on the use of strategies by children with autism to repair communicative breakdowns and discusses the possible links between communicative breakdowns and the emergence of problem behavior in children with autism. Strategies for decreasing risk of communicative breakdown and teaching repair strategies are considered.…

Keen, Deb

2003-01-01

23

Communicating through Crisis: A Strategy for Organizational Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that crisis communication should be a part of the larger issues of communication policy and strategy. Builds a case for the need to consider crisis communication in a larger context. Proposes a model of crisis communication content that may serve as a framework for research into the efficacy of communication during crisis episodes. (RS)

Sturges, David L.

1994-01-01

24

Communication by Central Bank Committee Members: Different Strategies, Same Effectiveness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper assesses the communication strategies of the Federal Reserve, the Bank of England, and the European Central Bank and their effectiveness. We find that the effectiveness of communication is not independent from the decision-making process. The paper shows that the Federal Reserve has been pursuing a highly individualistic communication strategy amid a collegial approach to decision making, while the

MICHAEL EHRMANN; MARCEL FRATZSCHER

2007-01-01

25

Evaluation of School-Home Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although increased communication between school personnel and parents is now widely held to be beneficial, present knowledge is based principally on nonsystematic studies at the preschool and primary levels that are of questionable validity at the secondary level. To make up for the lack of emphasis in previous research on establishing specific…

Gotts, Edward E.; Purnell, Richard F.

26

Small College Faculty Recruitment: Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to attract strong faculty members, many of whom may not realize initially the distinctive strengths of small colleges, small schools need to work hard and plan well to recruit and hire qualified faculty in communication and theatre. A search and screen process which presents an accurate and attractive picture of the small college is an…

Switzer, Jo Young

27

A novel communication strategy for decentralized control of paralleled multi-inverter systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new communication strategy for decentralized control of paralleled multi-inverter systems is introduced in this paper. The proposed strategy utilizes the common mode signal's circuit in the paralleled system as a channel of communication between individual inverters. Source voltage synchronization for paralleled inverters is presented to demonstrate its effectiveness. One inverter module acts as a source and a synchronized signal

Yeong Jia Cheng; E. K. K. Sng

2006-01-01

28

Communication Skills for End-of-Life Nursing Care: Teaching Strategies from the ELNEC Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a key module in a 3-day train-the-trainer course in end-of-life nursing--competence in communicating with patients and families. Factors affecting communication, coping strategies for families, strategies for classroom and clinical teaching, and resources are described. (SK)

Matzo, Marianne LaPorte; Sherman, Deborah Witt; Sheehan, Denice C.; Ferrell, Betty Rolling; Penn, Barbara

2003-01-01

29

Stakeholder analysis and mapping as targeted communication strategy.  

PubMed

This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advancing organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tools, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author highlights the importance of stakeholder theory and discusses how to apply the theory to conduct a stakeholder analysis. This article also provides an explanation of how to use related stakeholder mapping techniques with targeted communication strategies. PMID:22922747

Shirey, Maria R

2012-09-01

30

Risk communication strategy development using the aerospace systems engineering process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper explains the goals and challenges of NASA's risk communication efforts and how the Aerospace Systems Engineering Process (ASEP) was used to map the risk communication strategy used at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to achieve these goals.

Dawson, S.; Sklar, M.

2004-01-01

31

Transferring Effects of CSR Strategy on Consumer Responses: The Synergistic Model of Corporate Communication Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study proposes a synergistic model of corporate communication strategy (corporate ability strategy, corporate social responsibility strategy, and hybrid strategy) on consumer responses and tests the model using 2 Fortune 500 companies (Kellogg and Motorola). The study found that when a company is well-known to consumers as Motorola and Kellogg used in this study, a CSR strategy is more effective

Sora Kim

2011-01-01

32

COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES IN WRITING AMONG MALAY ESL LEARNERS by  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to identify the communication strategies used by the English learners through the analysis of types of errors in the English essay writing among 31 Malay speakers of a rural secondary school in Kelantan. It was found that these learners utilised these strategies to communicate with readers in their writing but it eventually led them to produce errors.

Norhakimah Khaiessa; Binti Ahmad

33

Evaluating Communication Strategies for Public Agencies: Transparency, Opacity, and Secrecy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses in a simple global games framework welfare effects stemming from different communication strategies of public agencies if strategies of agents are complementary to each other: communication can either be fully transparent, or the agency opaquely publishes only its overall assessment of the economy, or it keeps information completely secret. It is shown that private agents put more

Axel Lindner

2009-01-01

34

The Effectiveness of Communication Strategy Training with Adult Cochlear Implantees  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated changes in repair strategy use by adult cochlear implantees following a communication training program that emphasized the use of communication repair strategies. Fifteen subjects, male and female, pre- and postlingually deafened adults, participated. The experimental group completed a four-session training program. The control group received no intervention. Evaluations were performed preintervention, postintervention, and at a 5- to

Karen M Sparrow; Kathryn Hird

2010-01-01

35

Evaluating communication strategies for public agencies: transparency, opacity, and secrecy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses in a simple global games framework welfare e?ects stemming from di?erent communication strategies of public agencies if strategies of agents are complementary to each other: communication can either be fully transparent, or the agency opaquely publishes only its overall assessment of the economy, or it keeps information completely secret. It is shown that private agents put more

Axel Lindner

2008-01-01

36

Communication strategies affected by audience opposition, feedback and persuasibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three experiments were conducted to assess the effect of audience characteristics upon message strategies chosen by communicators. In each experiment subjects selected the arguments they would use in a persuasive communication. Communicators who expected an audience which was initially opposed to the argued position tended to select arguments which focused on problems and issues, rather than on solutions, that is,

Michael D. Hazen; Sara E. Kiesler

1975-01-01

37

Strategy and Communication: A Framework for Future International Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

World conditions make clarity of intent and substance essential in communications among governments. To avoid nuclear confrontation, strategy planners and policymakers should analyze their own communications as well as those of others with great care. Direct and fast communication among leaders can help to preserve peace. (Author/CS)

Roshwald, Mordecai

1984-01-01

38

Environmental groups' communication strategies in multiple media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies in political science and communication note that interest groups simplify and dramatise issues in order to gain public support. Through a focus on US environmental organisations, this negative assessment is re-evaluated by examining the influence of two sets of factors on groups’ communication styles: communication forum and group characteristics. Using content analysis of group communications across several media, criticisms

Melissa K. Merry

2012-01-01

39

Employee communication strategies for organizational crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps at no time is it more important for an organization to communicate sensitively and openly with its employees than during a crisis. Such efforts, however, are driven by management's view of a crisis situation, which frequently fails to consider employees' stress-induced responses to management communication behavior. This paper draws on research findings on life situations, crisis management, communication, stress,

J. David Pincus; Lalit Acharya I

1988-01-01

40

What communication strategies do AAC users want their communication partners to use? A preliminary study.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: This study aims to investigate which communication strategies the people, who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), want their communication partners to use. Methods: We interviewed eight children using Talking Mats to examine the AAC users' own opinion. Results: The results showed that they wanted their communication partners to take the initiative, to repair the breaks when communication breakdowns occurred, and to invest time in understanding what AAC users wanted to express. Conclusions: These results underlined the significant responsibility of communication partners and revealed the need for AAC user interventions to help them be active communicators. More research needs to emphasise AAC users' opinions about communication partner strategies to improve the communication processes for AAC-users and thereby promote social inclusion in natural environment. Implications for Rehabilitation Communication partner strategies can affect communication as well as personal development and life quality for augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) users. In AAC-users opinion, their communication partners should take the communicative initiative, repair the breaks when communication breakdowns occurred, and invest time in understanding what AAC-users want to express. There is a need to inform and educate communication partners, especially those unfamiliar to AAC users. Practical training sessions, clinician modelling and written materials may be helpful. A communication partner guide can be adapted to each individual AAC user who explains his or her communication preferences. Additionally, there is a need that the clinicians promote active rather than passive communication from AAC users, which requires that they have access to the necessary symbols. PMID:25243768

Midtlin, Hanne Sofie; Nćss, Kari-Anne B; Taxt, Tone; Karlsen, Asgjerd Vea

2014-09-22

41

Improving Patient Safety Through Provider Communication Strategy Enhancements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate a comprehensive provider\\/ team communication strategy, resulting in a toolkit generalizable to other settings of care. The specific aims included implementation of a structured communication tool; a standardized escalation process; daily multidisciplinary patient-centered rounds using a daily goals sheet; and team huddles. The study setting was the 477-bed medical

Rebecca Persing

42

Evaluation of two communication strategies to improve udder health management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide, programs to improve udder health are implemented using communication tools and methods that inform and persuade dairy farmers. This study evaluated 2 communication strategies used in a mastitis control program in the Netherlands. To improve farmers’ udder health management, tools such as instruction cards, treatment plans, checklists and software were developed following an argument-based comprehensive “central route.” These tools

J. Jansen; R. J. Renes; T. J. G. M. Lam

2010-01-01

43

Integrated technology services publications and communications strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In September 2006, Integrated Technology Services (ITS) at the University of New Brunswick (UNB) refocused their Publications and Communications position in an effort to better communicate their mission, vision, goals, and values to the UNB community and external audiences. ITS recognized that the UNB community did not understand the importance of what ITS does, how ITS supports UNB's mission and

Melissa R. Hannah

2007-01-01

44

Pedagogical Strategies for Communication and Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course description lists a sequence of units focusing on how aging affects an individual's ability to communicate. Besides general information about the course organization, specific information is provided on four short papers, in which students defend their views on critical issues of communication and aging, and on seven units of study.…

Webb, Lynne

45

An anonymous communication strategy with respect to reputation mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance of peer-to-peer anonymous communication system relies on all members participating together in the system, but the free-riding behavior caused by the inactive behaviors will decline the performance of the anonymous communication system. In order to decline to the selfish behavior, an anonymous communication strategy based on the idea of different service is proposed with respect to reputation mechanism

Yanhui Wu; Sichun Wang

2010-01-01

46

Keeping it Simple: Effective Communication Strategies in Online Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This session will encourage participants to consider how they communicate with their online students. Effective strategies for engaging students in learning, clarifying course policies, and providing constructive feedback are key to successful online learning. Participants will explore effective discussion strategies, evaluation processes, and scaffolded learning\\/mentoring activities in online courses. Examples and discussion among colleagues will be the focus of this

William Berry

2012-01-01

47

Evaluating communication strategies for public agencies: transparency, opacity, and secrecy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses in a simple global games framework welfare effects stemming from different communication strategies of public agencies if strategies of agents are strategic complements: commu- nication can either be fully transparent, or the agency can opaquely publish only its overall assessment of the economy, or it can keep in- formation secret. It is shown that private agents put

Axel Lindner

2007-01-01

48

Experimentally Evaluating Communicative Strategies: The Effect of the Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective problem solving among multiple agents requires a better understanding of the role of communication in collaboration. In this paper we show that there are commu- nicative strategies that greatly improve the performance of resource-bounded agents, but that these strategies are highly sensitive to the task requirements, situation parameters and agents' resource limitations. We base our ar- gument on two

Marilyn A. Walker

1994-01-01

49

Two user location strategies for personal communications services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vision of nomadic personal communications is the ubiquitous availability of services to facilitate the exchange of information between nomadic end users independent of time, location, on access arrangements. To realize this, it is necessary to locate users who move from place to place. The strategies commonly proposed are two-level hierarchical strategies, which maintain a system of home and visited

SESHADRI MOHAN; RAW JAIN

1994-01-01

50

Communication strategies in cosmetic surgery websites: an application of Taylor's six-segment message strategy wheel.  

PubMed

Using Taylor's six-segment message strategy wheel as a theoretical framework, this study examines the communication approach (transmission or ritual) and message strategy (ego, social, sensory, routine, acute need, or ration) of cosmetic surgery websites. A content analysis revealed a fairly even division between transmission and ritual approaches. Ration strategy was the exclusive strategy in the websites adopting a transmission approach. No routine or acute need strategies were observed. Websites incorporating the ritual approach used ego, social, and sensory strategies. Human female models and natural objects were incorporated to deliver emotional persuasion. Implications for cosmetic surgery web marketers are discussed. PMID:23697851

Ahn, Ho-Young Anthony; Wu, Lei; Taylor, Ronald E

2013-01-01

51

Register Communication Strategies for the Multiscalar Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the problem of register communication in the Multiscalar architecture, a no vel paradigm for exploiting instruction level parallelism. The Multiscalar architecture emplo ys a com- bination of hardw are and software mechanisms to partition a sequential program into tasks, and uses control and data speculation to e xecute such tasks in parallel. Inter -task register dependencies represent

T. N. Vijaykumar; Scott E. Breach; Guri S. Sohi

1996-01-01

52

COMMUNICATION TO THE EDITOR Presentation of Functional Organophosphorus  

E-print Network

COMMUNICATION TO THE EDITOR Presentation of Functional Organophosphorus Hydrolase Fusions; organophosphorus hydrolase fusions; AIDA-I autotransporter Introduction Neurotoxin organophosphate compounds). Organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH), isolated from soil microorganisms, shown to degrade a broad spectrum of toxic

Chen, Wilfred

53

Communication Difficulties and the Use of Communication Strategies: From the Perspective of Individuals with Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To enhance communicative ability and thereby the possibility of increased participation of persons with aphasia, the use of communication strategies has been proposed. However, little is known about how persons with aphasia experience having conversations and how they perceive their own and their conversation partner's use of…

Johansson, Monica Blom; Carlsson, Marianne; Sonnander, Karin

2012-01-01

54

Brief Communications Subliminally Presented and Stored Objects Capture  

E-print Network

Brief Communications Subliminally Presented and Stored Objects Capture Spatial Attention Duncan E intentionally remembering them? Furthermore, could subliminally presented objects leave a topographically or subliminally and then 1 s later re-presented one of those objects in a new location, as a "probe" shape

Sheldon, Nathan D.

55

Development of Communication Strategies among Foreign Language Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the nature and effectiveness of communication strategies (CSs) used in a negotiation task involving native speakers (NSs) and non-native speakers (NNSs) of Spanish. Subjects were eight university students divided into NS/NNS dyads; the NSs were studying English and the NNSs were studying third- and fourth-semester Spanish. The…

Stewart, Stuart; Pearson, Lynn

1995-01-01

56

Limited communication capacity unveils strategies for human interaction  

PubMed Central

Connectivity is the key process that characterizes the structural and functional properties of social networks. However, the bursty activity of dyadic interactions may hinder the discrimination of inactive ties from large interevent times in active ones. We develop a principled method to detect tie de-activation and apply it to a large longitudinal, cross-sectional communication dataset (?19 months, ?20 million people). Contrary to the perception of ever-growing connectivity, we observe that individuals exhibit a finite communication capacity, which limits the number of ties they can maintain active in time. On average men display higher capacity than women, and this capacity decreases for both genders over their lifespan. Separating communication capacity from activity reveals a diverse range of tie activation strategies, from stable to exploratory. This allows us to draw novel relationships between individual strategies for human interaction and the evolution of social networks at global scale. PMID:23739519

Miritello, Giovanna; Lara, Rubén; Cebrian, Manuel; Moro, Esteban

2013-01-01

57

Making Numbers Matter: Present and Future Research in Risk Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To summarize existing research on individual numeracy and methods for presenting risk information to patients. Methods: We selectively retrieved articles from MEDLINE and the "Social Sciences Citation Index". Results: Many Americans have low numeracy skills, a deficit that impedes effective health care. Approaches to risk communication

Fagerlin, Angela; Ubel, Peter A.; Smith, Dylan M.; Zikmund-Fisher, Brian J.

2007-01-01

58

Teaching VOCA Use as a Communicative Repair Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with developmental disabilities often rely on prelinguistic behavior (e.g., reaching, leading) to communicate. When listeners fail to attend to prelinguistic behaviors, students may benefit from responding with an alternative form of communication to repair the breakdown. In the present study, we taught two students with developmental…

Sigafoos, Jeff; Drasgow, Eric; Halle, James W.; O'Reilly, Mark; Seely-York, Sue; Edrisinha, Chaturi; Andrews, Alonzo

2004-01-01

59

An efficient strategy for data exchange in multi-robot mapping under underwater communication constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The online generation of underwater image maps or mosaicking is of high interest for underwater robots, e.g., for autonomous navigation, exploration, or object detection. Here, a cooperative approach is presented that addresses the particular challenges of the severe constraints on communication bandwidth in the underwater domain. Concretely, a special update strategy for a cooperatively maintained pose graph as basis for

Max Pfingsthorn; Andreas Birk; H. Bulow

2010-01-01

60

Communications Strategies on Alcohol and Highway Safety. Volume II. High School Youth. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second part of a two-part, two volume study deals with high school youth and identifies target populations and communications strategies for encouraging personal action steps to prevent drunk driving. Data, collected from interviews and questionnaires, are summarized and presented in tabular form. One fourth of high schoolers in a…

Grey Advertising, Inc., New York, NY.

61

A Partial List of Educational, Instructional, and Documentary Films Treating Women's Roles, problems, and Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists 189 educational, instructional, and documentary films treating women's roles, problems, and communication strategies. The films are classified by substance and topics: beauty ethic: presentations and examinations; birth control, unwanted pregnancy, and abortion; coping with a male oriented society; dating and marriage;…

Edwards, Richard; Gronbeck, Bruce E.

62

The Effects of Awareness-Raising Training on Oral Communication Strategy Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines current patterns of oral communication strategy (OCS) use, to what degree these strategies can be explicitly taught, and the extent to which strategy use can lead to improvements in oral communication ability. In a 12-week English as a Foreign Language (EFL) course based on a communicative approach, 62 female learners were…

Nakatani, Yasuo

2005-01-01

63

A reputation-based anonymous communication strategy in overlay networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to degrade the self participants in the peer-to-peer overlay networks, a rerouting-based anonymous communication strategy respect with reputation mechanism, which does not need an administrating node, is put forward in this paper. The degree of anonymity of the inactive participant is degraded by the value of reputation, and the active participants achieve better degree of anonymity in the

Yanhui Wu; Sichun Wang

2010-01-01

64

What they can do versus how much they care : Assessing corporate communication strategies on Fortune 500 web sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to propose a typology of corporate communication strategy; to investigate whether the typology is present among Fortune 500 corporations; and to explore whether there is a dominant strategy and industrial differences among them. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A content analysis of all 2008 Fortune 500 corporate web sites was undertaken. Findings – This paper finds that there

Sora Kim; Scott Rader

2010-01-01

65

Political communication management : The strategy of the two main candidates during the 2007 French presidential elections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to investigate the communication strategy of the two main candidates in the 2007 French presidential elections, deconstructing the process of communication in its main elements: context, message, media-mix, and communication strategy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Secondary data were collected from a variety of secondary sources, such as texts, articles, statistics and interviews on the subject of the

C?lin Gur?u; Nawel Ayadi

2011-01-01

66

Affinity-Seeking Strategies and Open Communication in Peer Workplace Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines peer relationships in the workplace in relation to open communication and the use of affinity-seeking strategies. Findings indicate that special peers use affinity-seeking strategies significantly more often than do informational peers but not significantly more often than collegial peers. Open communication strategies are used significantly more often by special peers than informational peers. Discussion includes why these

Jason Gordon; Rosanne L. Hartman

2009-01-01

67

Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following essays on communication are presented: communication as a condition of survival, communication for special purposes, the means of transmission of communication, communication within social and economic structures, the teaching of communication through the press, the teaching of modern languages, communication as a point of departure,…

Strauss, Andre

68

COMMUNICATION (Written communication, Oral communication): Students will produce written reports and oral presentations on topics relating to computing.  

E-print Network

Skills, Technical Skills) and COMMUNICATION (Team/Collaborative communication) and CRITICAL THINKING COMMUNICATION (Written communication, Oral communication): Students will produce written reports (Practical skills): Students will work in teams to plan and execute an engineering design to meet

Fernandez, Eduardo

69

Individual differences in airline captains' personalities, communication strategies, and crew performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircrew effectiveness in coping with emergencies has been linked to captain's personality profile. The present study analyzed cockpit communication during simulated flight to examine the relation between captains' discourse strategies, personality profiles, and crew performance. Positive Instrumental/Expressive captains and Instrumental-Negative captains used very similar communication strategies and their crews made few errors. Their talk was distinguished by high levels of planning and strategizing, gathering information, predicting/alerting, and explaining, especially during the emergency flight phase. Negative-Expressive captains talked less overall, and engaged in little problem solving talk, even during emergencies. Their crews made many errors. Findings support the theory that high crew performance results when captains use language to build shared mental models for problem situations.

Orasanu, Judith

1991-01-01

70

IEEE Wireless Communications October 200554 1536-1284/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE PRESENT AND FUTURE SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS  

E-print Network

PRESENT AND FUTURE SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS SHAOJIAN FU, OPNET MOHAMMED ATIQUZZAMAN, UNIVERSITY of GEO satellites makes them less desirable for real-time applica- tions, such as voice communicationsIEEE Wireless Communications · October 200554 1536-1284/05/$20.00 © 2005 IEEE Gateway 1 LEO1 GEO1

Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

71

Communication strategies in Multi-Robot Search and Retrieval: Experiences with MinDART  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. To explore the effects of different simple communications strategies on performance of robot teams, we have conducted a set of foraging experiments using real robots (the Minnesota Distributed Autonomous Robotic Team). Our experi- mental results show that more complex communication strategies do not necessarily improve task completion times, but tend to reduce variance in performance.

Paul E. Rybski; Amy Larson; Harini Veeraraghavan; Monica LaPoint; Maria Gini

2004-01-01

72

Innovation, Corporate Strategy, and Cultural Context: What Is the Mission for International Business Communication?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews relevant literature in the areas of communication and innovation and explores how efforts toward innovative practices are directly related to globalism and business strategy. Focuses on issues associated with national culture, corporate culture, and professional culture that are relevant to strategies for researching business communication

Ulijn, Jan; O'Hair, Dan; Weggeman, Mathieu; Ledlow, Gerald; Hall, H. Thomas

2000-01-01

73

Communicative Strategies Used by Spouses of Individuals with Communication Disorders Related to Stroke-Induced Aphasia and Parkinson's Disease  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A communicative disability interferes with the affected person's ability to take active part in social interaction, but non-disabled communication partners may use different strategies to support communication. However, it is not known whether similar strategies can be used to compensate for different types of communicative

Carlsson, Emilia; Hartelius, Lena; Saldert, Charlotta

2014-01-01

74

Repair Strategies Used by Elementary-Age Beginning Communicators with Autism: A Preliminary Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study extends previous studies on communication repairs by (a) involving elementary-age children with autism who are prelinguistic to emergent one-word communicators and (b) examining repair strategies in terms of the relationships between the conventionality and functionality of communication forms and the type of breakdown.…

Ohtake, Yoshihisa; Yanagihara, Masafumi; Nakaya, Akitaka; Takahashi, Shoji; Sato, Etsuko; Tanaka, Minoru

2005-01-01

75

Cultural Codes and Language Strategies in Business Communication: Interactions between Israeli and Indian Businesspeople.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes differences and conflicts in intercultural business communication between Israeli and Indian businesspeople, also analyzing their communication sources and strategies. Finds that communication problems between international managers are better explained by focusing on differences between their discourse systems rather than global…

Zaidman, Nurit

2001-01-01

76

An alternative to present United States defense strategy  

E-print Network

-Allied Relationships Page 73 76 85 VI GREENLAND: GEOSTRATEGY Implications for Deterrence Greenland: The Site, Use, Design and Tactical Organization VII CONCLUSIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY 'PPENDIX VITA 101 106 113 ?6 140 PREFACE "P ' V' D d ~Ph'1 h ', " i...: provided that the act will not be too great for the nation to accept. As part of their military strategy, nations have devised nuclear strategies of various types. Basically they are tactics of reprisal in reply to the initial strike. All involve a...

Anthony, William Wallace

1971-01-01

77

[Tobacco control, a strategy to reduce non-communicable diseases].  

PubMed

Nearly two-thirds of all deaths globally are caused by noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases and diabetes). The UN General Assembly approved Political Declaration of the High-Level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of non communicable diseases and recommending five priority interventions: 1. Tobacco control (the most urgent and immediate), 2. Salt reduction, 3. Improved diet and physical activity, 4 Reduction of hazardous alcohol intake, 5. Access to essential drugs and technologies. The Assembly recognizes the fundamental conflict of interest between tobacco industry and public health and recommends the implementation of WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and MPOWER strategies. The full implementation of FCTC could prevent 5.5 Million of death in the next 10 years in low and middle income countries. All these recommendations are feasible to implement considering the willingness of Governments, the infrastructure available, the capacity building existing and the participation of all sectors, including civil society and the community as a whole. PMID:22689171

Reynales-Shigematsu, Luz Myriam

2012-06-01

78

Teaching College Students Communication Strategies for Effective Social Justice Advocacy. Black Studies and Critical Thinking. Volume 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book deals concretely with the most effective ways for educators to be social justice advocates, with questions about what it means to be a social justice advocate, and with the best communication strategies to advocate for a particular social justice view that might start and sustain an open dialogue. The book presents a number of practical…

Nash, Robert J., Ed.; Johnson, Richard Greggory, III, Ed.; Murray, Michele C., Ed.

2012-01-01

79

Antenna Selection and Deployment Strategies for Indoor Wireless Communication Systems.  

E-print Network

??Effective antenna selection and deployment strategies are important for reducing co-channel interference in indoor wireless systems. Low-cost solutions are essential, and strategies that utilise simple… (more)

Wong, Alex H. C.

2007-01-01

80

Communicating cardiovascular disease risk: an interview study of General Practitioners’ use of absolute risk within tailored communication strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention guidelines encourage assessment of absolute CVD risk - the probability of a CVD event within a fixed time period, based on the most predictive risk factors. However, few General Practitioners (GPs) use absolute CVD risk consistently, and communication difficulties have been identified as a barrier to changing practice. This study aimed to explore GPs’ descriptions of their CVD risk communication strategies, including the role of absolute risk. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 25 GPs in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded, using the Framework Analysis method to ensure rigour. Results GPs used absolute CVD risk within three different communication strategies: ‘positive’, ‘scare tactic’, and ‘indirect’. A ‘positive’ strategy, which aimed to reassure and motivate, was used for patients with low risk, determination to change lifestyle, and some concern about CVD risk. Absolute risk was used to show how they could reduce risk. A ‘scare tactic’ strategy was used for patients with high risk, lack of motivation, and a dismissive attitude. Absolute risk was used to ‘scare’ them into taking action. An ‘indirect’ strategy, where CVD risk was not the main focus, was used for patients with low risk but some lifestyle risk factors, high anxiety, high resistance to change, or difficulty understanding probabilities. Non-quantitative absolute risk formats were found to be helpful in these situations. Conclusions This study demonstrated how GPs use three different communication strategies to address the issue of CVD risk, depending on their perception of patient risk, motivation and anxiety. Absolute risk played a different role within each strategy. Providing GPs with alternative ways of explaining absolute risk, in order to achieve different communication aims, may improve their use of absolute CVD risk assessment in practice. PMID:24885409

2014-01-01

81

An Evaluation Model for Selecting Integrated Marketing Communication Strategies for Customer Relationship Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Since the early 1990s, integrated marketing communication (IMC) has become the accepted practice in the marketing field. An\\u000a increasing number of researchers consider the marketing communication strategies of IMC as offering key competitive advantages\\u000a associated with customer relationship management. This paper develops an evaluating model for selecting strategies of IMC\\u000a to solidify relationships with existing customers based on the quality

Tsuen-Ho Hsu; Yen-Ting Helena Chiu; Jia-Wei Tang

82

Developing effective communication strategies for the Spanish and Haitian-Creole-speaking workforce in hotel companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this study is to explore effective communication strategies for Spanish-speaking and Haitian-Creole-speaking employees in hotel companies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study approach was employed. Three employee, focus group interviews and semi-structured interviews with 12 managers were conducted in a resort hotel in Orlando to elicit critical factors related to effective communication strategies with Spanish-speaking and

Po-Ju Chen; Fevzi Okumus; Nan Hua

2011-01-01

83

Average cost optimal threshold strategies for remote estimation with communication cost  

E-print Network

Average cost optimal threshold strategies for remote estimation with communication cost Jhelum, then the estimator must estimate the Markov process using its past observations. We study the average cost problem, we consider a model that captures a funda- mental trade-off between communication cost and estimation

Mahajan, Aditya

84

Second Language Communication Strategies: Definitions, Taxonomies, Data Elicitation Methodology and Teachability Issues. A Review Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines trends in second language communication strategies (CSs), explaining that when language learners concentrate on form or accuracy, they encounter problems, and when they recognize the mismatch between their linguistic resources and communicative intentions, they try to solve these problems using CSs (e.g., appeals for help,…

Rababah, Ghaleb

85

An Evaluation of Strategies for Training Staff to Implement the Picture Exchange Communication System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The picture exchange communication system (PECS) is a functional communication system frequently used with individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders who experience severe language delays (Frost & Bondy, 2002). Few empirical investigations have evaluated strategies for training direct care staff how to effectively implement PECS with…

Barnes, Clarissa S.; Dunning, Johnna L.; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

2011-01-01

86

Strategies for Promoting Generalization of Social Communication Skills in Preschoolers and School-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective social communication interventions achieve 2 outcomes: enhancement of language and social skills and generalization of these skills during authentic interactions with peers. This article describes intervention contexts and strategies for promoting generalization of social communication skills in children with language impairments.…

Timler, Geralyn R.; Vogler-Elias, Dawn; McGill, K. Fay

2007-01-01

87

Use of standardized patients to examine physicians’ communication strategies when addressing vaccine refusal: A pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vaccine refusal is increasingly reported but few direct observations of the communication between physicians and parents skeptical about vaccines have been made. In a pilot study, a standardized patient posing as an expectant mother (standardized mother, SM) opposed to immunization met with blinded community physicians under the pretext of prenatal interviews. Persuasive communication strategies were scored using a standardized questionnaire.

Kristina A. Bryant; Gina C. Wesley; Jo Ann Wood; Carol Hines; Gary S. Marshall

2009-01-01

88

Unsettling Assumptions and Boundaries: Strategies for Developing a Critical Perspective about Business and Management Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how a collaborative class strategy and an introductory activity were used to develop students' thinking about business and management communication. The article focuses on teachers who want to integrate critical perspectives about business communication into their classes. A course ethos, learning groups, and an introductory…

Cockburn-Wootten, Cheryl; Cockburn, Tom

2011-01-01

89

Communications Strategy The University recognises that to achieve its strategic aims it must  

E-print Network

. The principal goals of the Communications Strategy are as follows: Brand and Reputation Develop, maintain and protect a strong overarching corporate brand and identity which supports communication with all stakeholders and audiences. Evolve the brand in the period from 2008 to 2013 to support the 600th Anniversary

Brierley, Andrew

90

Communication between nurses and physicians: Strategies to surviving in the emergency department trenches.  

PubMed

The emergency department (ED) is a challenging and stressful work environment where communication lapses can lead to negative health outcomes. This article offers strategies to Emergency Medicine residents, nurses and staff physicians on how to improve communication to optimize patient care. PMID:25557542

Abourbih, Daniel; Armstrong, Sherry; Nixon, Kirsty; Ackery, Alun D

2015-02-01

91

Street Crossing: Observational Research and Developing Health Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in communication, and particularly in advertising, are encouraged to value creativity. However, even in programs that value creativity, it can be difficult to encourage creativity in the process of research that guides communication efforts. The project described in this paper--"Street Crossing"--is used in upper-division and…

Mackert, Michael; Lazard, Allison; Wyeth, Ben

2015-01-01

92

Strategies for Teaching Social and Emotional Intelligence in Business Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incorporating social and emotional skills (EI) training into the business communication curriculum is important for preparing students to function effectively in a global workplace with its complex informal networks, intercultural issues, team emphasis, and participatory leadership. EI skills enhance communication behavior in work groups and…

Sigmar, Lucia Stretcher; Hynes, Geraldine E.; Hill, Kathy L.

2012-01-01

93

Navigation strategy with the spacecraft communications blackout for Mars entry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Future Mars missions require precision entry navigation capability, especially in the presence of communications blackout. On the mission of Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), there was a 70-s communications blackout period during atmospheric entry phase. In allusion to the spacecraft communications blackout encountered, this paper predicts an upper-bound for any possible blackout period firstly, improves the default integrated navigation measurements based on IMU and surface radiometric beacons, and proposes innovative attitude observation model based on IMU and range observation model based on orbiters finally. To verify the accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed observation models in the presence of communications blackout, unscented Kalman filter is utilized to demonstrate the navigation performance. The results show that navigation errors based on improved observation models proposed in this paper degrade an order of magnitude compared with the default observation models even if the communications blackout takes place, which satisfies the requirements of future Mars landing missions.

Wang, Xichen; Xia, Yuanqing

2015-02-01

94

Co-designing communication and hazard preparedness strategies at Turrialba volcano, Costa Rica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Globally volcanic activity results in huge human, social, environmental and economic losses. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is the concept and systematic practice of reducing disaster risks and associated losses through a wide range of strategies, including efforts to increase knowledge through education and outreach. However, recent studies have shown a substantial gap between risk reduction actions taken at national and local levels, with national policies showing little change at the community level. Yet it is at local levels are where DRR efforts can have the biggest impact. This research focuses on communicating hazard preparedness strategies at Turrialba volcano, Costa Rica. Located in the Central Cordillera just 35 km northeast of Costa Rica's capital city San Jose this 3,340 m high active stratovolcano looms over Costa Rica's Central Valley, the social and economic hub of the country. Following progressive increases in degassing and seismic activity Turrialba resumed activity in 1996 after more than 100 years of quiescence. Since 2007 it has continuously emitted gas and since 2010 intermittent phreatic explosions accompanied by ash emissions have occurred. Despite high levels of hazard salience individuals and communities are not or under-prepared to deal with a volcanic eruption. In light of Turrialba's continued activity engaging local communities with disaster risk management is key. At the local levels culture (collective behaviours, interactions, cognitive constructs, and affective understanding) is an important factor in shaping peoples' views, understanding and response to natural phenomena. As such an increasing number of academic studies and intergovernmental organisations advocate for the incorporation of cultural context into disaster risk reduction strategies, which firstly requires documenting people's perception. Therefore approaching community disaster preparedness from a user-centred perspective, through an iterative and collaborative approach, is likely to result in DRR strategies that are considered more applicable and user-friendly by end users. This work presents results of a disaster preparedness workshop held with local communities around Turrialba. The workshop engaged the community in ideation and designing of concepts to increase levels of hazard preparedness. The concepts resulting from the workshop will be used to develop, through further collaboration with the end-users, DRR strategies tailored to be more relevant and accessible to the public. The approach presented here can equally be applied to the communication of DRR strategies in relation to other (natural) hazards.

van Manen, Saskia; Avard, Geoffroy; Martinez, Maria

2014-05-01

95

A Taxonomy of Representation Strategies in Iconic Communication  

PubMed Central

Predicting whether the intended audience will be able to recognize the meaning of an icon or pictograph is not an easy task. Many icon recognition studies have been conducted in the past. However, their findings cannot be generalized to other icons that were not included in the study, which, we argue, is their main limitation. In this paper, we propose a comprehensive taxonomy of icons that is intended to enable the generalization of the findings of recognition studies. To accomplish this, we analyzed a sample of more than eight hundred icons according to three axes: lexical category, semantic category, and representation strategy. Three basic representation strategies were identified: visual similarity; semantic association; and arbitrary convention. These representation strategies are in agreement with the strategies identified in previous taxonomies. However, a greater number of subcategories of these strategies were identified. Our results also indicate that the lexical and semantic attributes of a concept influence the choice of representation strategy. PMID:22754274

Nakamura, Carlos; Zeng-Treitler, Qing

2012-01-01

96

Assessing Preservice Teachers' Presentation Capabilities: Contrasting the Modes of Communication with the Constructed Impression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research-based understanding of how to develop and assess classroom presentation skills is vital for the effective development of pre-service teacher communication capabilities. This paper identifies and compares two different models of assessing pre-service teachers' presentation performance--one based on the Modes of Communication (voice,…

Bower, Matt G.; Moloney, Robyn A.; Cavanagh, Michael S.; Sweller, Naomi

2013-01-01

97

COMMUNICATING GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: INVESTIGATING MESSAGE STRATEGIES FOR COMMUNICATING THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE.  

EPA Science Inventory

The research program is designed to generate findings that provide specific guidance to science communicators and government officials on how to best communicate knowledge about global climate change and other environmental issues to diverse lay audiences. Beyond providing gui...

98

Using Communication Strategies to Promote Sexual Health: Can Mass Media Get in Bed with the "Female" Condom?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many public health students receive little, if any, formal training in communicating health information to the public. Public health practitioners, however, are regularly asked to use communication strategies to convey health information. The lesson plan was designed to teach students mass communication strategies in the context of sexual health…

Levine, Sarah Mariel; Austin, S. Bryn

2010-01-01

99

Large Vestibular Schwannomas Presenting during Pregnancy: Management Strategies.  

PubMed

Objective?Large vestibular schwannomas rarely present in pregnant women. Diagnosis and management of these tumors during pregnancy present a therapeutic challenge. Methods?A 20-year-old primigravida woman at 26 weeks' gestation was transferred to our facility with gait imbalance, left facial weakness, left ear hearing loss, and recent nausea and vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large left cerebellopontine angle mass with extension into the left internal auditory canal and compression of the fourth ventricle resulting in mild hydrocephalus. The patient was admitted with a plan for early delivery at 32 weeks followed by tumor resection. One week later, the patient's headache and neurologic symptoms worsened due to increased hydrocephalus; a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed. The next day, an emergent cesarean delivery was performed due to worsening respiratory status. Four days later, a tracheostomy and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube were placed due to dysphagia. Eight days after the delivery, the mass was resected with a left retrosigmoid approach without complications. Immunohistochemistry confirmed vestibular cellular schwannoma on cranial nerve VIII showing unusually high mitotic activity. Results?The patient was discharged to inpatient rehabilitation on postoperative day 12 without new neurologic deficit. At 1?month, the patient was swallowing without aspiration. Her facial sensation had returned, her facial weakness remained stable, and her gait was significantly improved. Conclusion?If the patient is neurologically stable, the best option is to delay resection until after delivery. If resection is necessary during pregnancy, the optimal time is during the second trimester. PMID:25072015

Shah, Kushal J; Chamoun, Roukoz B

2014-06-01

100

Strategies for Communication Research. Sage Annual Reviews of Communication Research, Volume 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of the three sections of this book highlights a basic concept in communication research that needs more attention, and includes individual articles that review or apply new methods for the study of social communication. The first part deals with organizational analysis and field studies, and reminds its readers that mass communication is not…

Hirsch, Paul M., Ed.; And Others

101

Unruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms presenting with seizure: Report of three cases and review of literature  

PubMed Central

Aneurysms generally present with bleed and epileptogenic aneurysms are rare. Unruptured epilpetogenic anterior communicating artery aneurysms are extremely rare and anecdotal. We present three patients with unruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms who presented with seizures and were surgically managed. Seizure might be related to the large size, presence of thrombus, microbleeds and surrounding gliosis. We suggest that large thrombosed anterior communicating artery aneurysms should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with late onset of seizure and having a suprasellar lesion on imaging. Surgical clipping offers a fair chance of seizure freedom in selected patients. PMID:24403964

Patil, Akshay; Menon, Girish R.; Nair, Suresh

2013-01-01

102

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

Massey, Joseph Eric

2001-01-01

103

Learning through conflict: a realistic strategy for risk communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological conflicts are commonly seen as rooted in problems of risk perception and risk communication. This view is seriously deficient in that it does not fully appreciate that despite their technical content, the conflicts are at bottom political. Conflict of interests and values is evident even in differences over scientific agendas, methods, and interpretations, and especially in the inevitable cacophony

Paul C. Stern

1991-01-01

104

Text Message Copy in Print Ads: A Shrewd Communicative Strategy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although text messaging as a communication tool in society is rampant, research on its effects within print advertisements is lacking. To help fill this void, we employ three between-subject experiments (i.e., Study 1: text message vs. no text message; Studies 2 and 3: text message vs. traditional language). We posit that using text message copy in print ads is a

Jeremy J. Sierra; Robert S. Heiser; Ivonne M. Torres

2012-01-01

105

Valuation and Presentation Conventions in News Communication: A Formula for Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase knowledge about the nature of news (particularly its valuation and presentation conventions), to enrich understanding of communication conventions in our society through the study of news communication, and to fashion a tool that can be used to charge and change such conventions, a study examined the content of all news articles…

Corrigan, Dennis M.

106

Regulatory and Policy Problems Presented by the Interdependence of Computer and Communication Services and Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various petitions submitted to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for reconsideration and the FCC's response and discussion of these petitions are described in this memorandum. First, the questions raised by the petitioners are presented: "Did the Commission err in deciding not to impose a complete bar on communications common carriers…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

107

Strategies and tensions in communicating research on sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: a qualitative study of the experiences of researchers and communications staff  

PubMed Central

Background Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and HIV issues are often controversial and neglected, leading to challenges with engaging policy actors. Research evidence is complex, posing further challenges for ensuring that policy and practice are evidence-based. Many health researchers are adopting innovative approaches to engaging stakeholders in their research, yet these experiences are not often shared. This qualitative study focuses on the research communication and policy influencing objectives, strategies and experiences of four research consortia working on SRH, HIV and AIDS. Methods We carried out 22 in-depth interviews with researchers and communications specialists (research actors) from the four consortia and their partners, working in nine countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Using the ‘framework’ approach to qualitative data analysis, we identified factors that affect the interaction of research evidence with policy and practice. We used the ODI RAPID analytical framework to present these results, adapting this tool by incorporating the actions, strategies and positionality of research actors. Results The characteristics of researchers and their institutions, policy context, the multiplicity of actors, and the nature of the research evidence all play a role in policy influencing processes. Research actors perceived a trend towards increasingly intensive and varied communication approaches. Effective influencing strategies include making strategic alliances and coalitions and framing research evidence in ways that are most attractive to particular policy audiences. Tensions include the need to identify and avoid unnecessary communication or unintended impacts, challenges in assessing and attributing impact and the need for adequate resources and skills for communications work. Conclusions We contend that the adapted RAPID framework can serve as a tool for research actors to use in resolving these tensions, through facilitating a reflexive approach to considering their own combination of attributes, skills, networks and objectives and the ways these relate to policy contexts, actors and processes. PMID:21679385

2011-01-01

108

NASA's Agency-Wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of NASA's risk analysis communication programs associated with changing environmental policies. The topics include: 1) NASA Program Transition; 2) Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC); and 3) Regulatory Tracking and Communication Process.

Scroggins, Sharon; Duda, Kristen

2008-01-01

109

Developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence (DECIDE): protocol and preliminary results  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare decision makers face challenges when using guidelines, including understanding the quality of the evidence or the values and preferences upon which recommendations are made, which are often not clear. Methods GRADE is a systematic approach towards assessing the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations in healthcare. GRADE also gives advice on how to go from evidence to decisions. It has been developed to address the weaknesses of other grading systems and is now widely used internationally. The Developing and Evaluating Communication Strategies to Support Informed Decisions and Practice Based on Evidence (DECIDE) consortium (http://www.decide-collaboration.eu/), which includes members of the GRADE Working Group and other partners, will explore methods to ensure effective communication of evidence-based recommendations targeted at key stakeholders: healthcare professionals, policymakers, and managers, as well as patients and the general public. Surveys and interviews with guideline producers and other stakeholders will explore how presentation of the evidence could be improved to better meet their information needs. We will collect further stakeholder input from advisory groups, via consultations and user testing; this will be done across a wide range of healthcare systems in Europe, North America, and other countries. Targeted communication strategies will be developed, evaluated in randomized trials, refined, and assessed during the development of real guidelines. Discussion Results of the DECIDE project will improve the communication of evidence-based healthcare recommendations. Building on the work of the GRADE Working Group, DECIDE will develop and evaluate methods that address communication needs of guideline users. The project will produce strategies for communicating recommendations that have been rigorously evaluated in diverse settings, and it will support the transfer of research into practice in healthcare systems globally. PMID:23302501

2013-01-01

110

COMMUNICATING ASTRONOMY IN EUROPE: Strategies and Challenges in International Organisations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How much do Europeans really know about science and technology? What do they think about it? For more than a decade, the European Union (EU) has carried out regular surveys to measure public opinion and knowledge on a variety of themes across its member states. One survey carried out in early 2005 is of particular interest to science communication - "Europeans, Science and Technology". It's easy to see that science and technology are racing along faster than ever and you would think that people's knowledge and interest of science and technology would be keeping pace. Unfortunately, that is not the case. Over the past few years, Europeans' overall interest in science and technology has decreased. Astronomy plays a special role within public science communication. It serves as a general science "catcher", not only for young people. Astronomy embraces core sciences such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and geology as well as technical disciplines including optics, observational techniques and data analysis. Astronomy reaches wide into the realm of philosophy; it rubs shoulders with religion and is at the core of many science fiction stories. In short, astronomy attracts a wide spectrum of people and may serve as a powerful vehicle for improving the public awareness and understanding of science. Several key International Organisations like the European Space Agency (ESA), the European Southern Observatory (ESO), Europlanet and the International Astronomical Union (IAU) work in Astronomy and Space Sciences in Europe. As well as a general overview of the outreach and communication actions of some of these Organisations, focus will be made in specific cases and examples in the context of these organisations. 2009 will be the International Year of Astronomy. It will be interesting to see how these European Organisations are getting ready for this ultimate science communication challenge.

Barrosa, Mariana

2007-08-01

111

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Information & Communication Technology Infrastructure Strategy  

E-print Network

Plan 3.3.4) Benefits Comprehensive Identity management system enabling a variety of current and future and management tools (Ref. Information Strategy Universal Access Working Group, e-Science and the Grid working and unified messaging including IP telephony Risks Poor or limited Identity management provisions will result

Guo, Zaoyang

112

The Effect of Conflict Goals on Avoidance Strategies: What Does Not Communicating Communicate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Avoidance is proposed to be a goal-directed behavior rather than a behavior that reflects passivity or inaction. To evaluate this proposition, a typology of conflict goals and a typology of conflict avoidance strategies are created, and the relationship between nonavoidance strategies and the elements of these 2 typologies are evaluated within a…

Wang, Qi; Fink, Edward L.; Cai, Deborah A.

2012-01-01

113

Geostationary communications satellite orbit utilization strategies for the 1980s  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Orbital congestion became apparent when the number of applications filed with the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) for 6/4 GHz orbital slots exceeded the number of slots available. In order to overcome this congestion, approaches must be studied for increasing the capacity of the geostationary orbit. In connection with an identification of the factors which affect geostationary orbit capacity, three types of capacity are introduced, including site capacity, service area capacity, and total capacity of the geostationary orbit. Attention is given to approaches for increasing the number of satellites in the geostationary orbit, the phased introduction of new technology, increased interference allocations from other satellites, methods for increasing the spectral efficiency by channel equipment design, the possibility to increase the spectral efficiency by antenna design and frequency reuse, procedures for increasing the available bandwidth, and the development of techniques for optimizing the placement of satellites serving different service areas.

Hedinger, R. A.

114

Presentations of the Ninth Advanced Communications Technology Satellite Propagation Studies Workshop (APSW IX)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Communications Technology Satellite Propagation Studies Workshop (APSW) is convened each year to present the results of the ACTS Propagation Campaign. Representatives from the satellite communications (satcom) industry, academia, and government are invited to APSW for discussions and exchange of information. The ACTS Propagation campaign is completing three years of Ka-Band data collection at seven sites in North America. Through this effort, NASA is making a major contribution to growth of satcom services by providing timely propagation data and models for predicting the performance of Ka-Band satellite communications systems.

Golshan, Nasser (Editor)

1997-01-01

115

Effective Use of Risk Communication Strategies for Health and Safety Educational Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risk-communication strategies include recognizing public attitudes about potential risks, establishing the existence and severity of risk, demonstrating that risks pose a threat to abilities and values, illustrating risk-avoidance methods, and using quasiscientific, elucidating, and transforming explanations. (SK)

Hutcheson, Scott

1999-01-01

116

Developing Mathematics Written Communication through Expository Writing Supported by Assessment Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study concerns expository writing in mathematics as well as the contribution of assessment strategies to the development of mathematics communication. We studied four 8th grade students (aged 12-13) working in a group, in order to perform three expository writing tasks, which were assisted by feedback and the use of supporting assessment…

Santos, Leonor; Semana, Sílvia

2015-01-01

117

Innovation, Corporate Strategy, and Cul tural Context: What Is the Mission for International Business Communication?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A global economy requires business organizations to cultivate their international holdings by respecting the national differences of their host countries and coordi nating efforts for rapid innovation. In this essay we first review relevant literature in the areas of communication and innovation and explore how efforts toward innovative practices are directly related to globalism and business strategy. We then focus

Jan Ulijn; Dan OHair; Mathieu Weggeman; Gerald Ledlow; H. Thomas Hall

2000-01-01

118

The Impromptu Gauntlet: An Experiential Strategy for Developing Lasting Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Typical business communication courses provide significantly more opportunities for students to hone their skills in writing compared with speaking. This article outlines an impromptu speech assignment and explains a course-level strategy for providing each student with more than 30 significant speaking opportunities during a term. This approach…

Yale, Robert N.

2014-01-01

119

Image Repair in Politics: Testing Effects of Communication Strategy and Performance History in a Faux Pas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benoit's (1995a, 2000, 2004; Brinson & Benoit, 1999) image repair theory and Coombs' (1995, 1998, 2004a; Coombs & Holladay, 1996, 2001, 2002; Coombs & Schmidt, 2000) crisis response standards theory and research methods provided the theoretical and methodological framework for a 3 × 2 factorial experiment testing effects of crisis communication strategy (mortification, bolstering, and corrective action) and performance history (positive and

Catherine A. Sheldon; Lynne M. Sallot

2008-01-01

120

Short Communication A rapid selection strategy for an anodophilic consortium for microbial fuel cells  

E-print Network

Short Communication A rapid selection strategy for an anodophilic consortium for microbial fuel bacteria that oxidize organic matter and transfer electrons to the anode (Logan, 2008). Pure exo-reducing bacteria (DMRB) (Nevin et al., 2008), we developed a rapid selection method to obtain an anodophilic

121

Communications Strategies on Alcohol and Highway Safety. Volume I. Adults 18-55. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first part of a two-part, two volume study deals with adults aged 18-55 and identifies target populations and communications strategies for encouraging personal action steps to prevent drunk driving. Fully 54% of adult Americans participate once a month in social or business situations where alcohol is served. They are termed Alcohol Related…

Grey Advertising, Inc., New York, NY.

122

Management and Training across Cultures: Importance of Non-Verbal Communication Strategies--A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that cross-cultural and language barriers pose formidable challenges to managers, a case study examined the application of selective nonverbal communication strategies (nonverbal cues, learning by observation, and the organization of learning) for management and training development efforts within diverse cultural environments. Source…

Potoker, Elaine

123

Scaffolding Strategies during Repeated Storybook Reading: An Extension Using a Voice Output Communication Aid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult scaffolding during repeated storybook reading was developed for children who use speech as their primary expressive modality, but through the use of augmentative and alternative communication, it has been extended to children who do not have functional, intelligible speech. Scaffolding strategies during repeated storybook reading and during…

Bellon-Harn, Monica L.; Harn, William E.

2008-01-01

124

The President's Letter to Stockholders: An Examination of Corporate Communication Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the content of president's letters of high and low performing firms to discover patterns in communication strategy. Finds six recurring themes: environment; growth; operating philosophy; markets and products; unfavorable financial reference; and favorable financial reference. Finds that high- and low performing firms can be correctly…

Kohut, Gary F.; Segars, Albert H.

1992-01-01

125

Communication Strategy Use and Negotiation of Meaning in Text Chat and Videoconferencing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims at investigating meaning negotiation and communication strategy use among nonnative speakers of English in text chat and videoconferencing. Learners in a Chinese and a Japanese university participated in text chats and videoconferences to discuss culture-related topics using English as the common language. Text chat scripts and…

Zhao, Ying

2010-01-01

126

Individual Audio Channels with Single Display Groupware: Effects on Communication and Task Strategy  

E-print Network

Individual Audio Channels with Single Display Groupware: Effects on Communication and Task Strategy work. General Terms Design, Experimentation, Human Factors. Keywords Single display groupware, audio Display Groupware (SDG) [23] allows several co-located people to work together using a single, shared

Salisbury, Kenneth

127

Theoretical perspective to analyze organizational strategy for information and communications technology standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standardization of innovative technology can create great competitive advantage for organizations. In addition, the consequences of interactions between organizations as they implement their standards strategies can have tremendous socio-economic impact, especially with the current convergence in information and communications technology. The existing research on standards uses economic theories to explain how economic factors stimulate technology standardization and game theory to

DongBack Seo

2007-01-01

128

A Comparison of Managerial Communication Strategies between Brazilian and American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to examine and compare the managerial communication strategies of 40 Brazilian and American female managers. Subjects read four scripts describing various problems that a manager might encounter with an employee or another manager of equal status, and explained how they would resolve the problem. Four versions of each script…

Rossi, Ana; Todd-Mancillas, Wm. R.

129

Nasal Foreign Bodies: A Review of Management Strategies and a Clinical Scenario Presentation  

PubMed Central

We report a case of a toothbrush head lodged into the nasal cavity, which required an external rhinoplasty for retrieval. A review of the literature on management strategies in case of nasal foreign bodies is presented. PMID:22379507

Patil, Pavan M.; Anand, Rajeev

2011-01-01

130

A PEDAGOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ON COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES: BENEFITS OF TRAINING AND AN ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING MATERIALS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective strategies used to overcome communication difficulties are of crucial importance for second language (L2) learners. Therefore, L2 learners might benefit from instruction on how to cope with such difficulties. Since the early 1970's, much research has been conducted on communication strategies (CS), the means used to overcome some difficulty in expressing an intended meaning. Due to differing theoretical perspectives,

PRISCILLA FAUCETTE

2001-01-01

131

Use of standardized patients to examine physicians' communication strategies when addressing vaccine refusal: a pilot study.  

PubMed

Vaccine refusal is increasingly reported but few direct observations of the communication between physicians and parents skeptical about vaccines have been made. In a pilot study, a standardized patient posing as an expectant mother (standardized mother, SM) opposed to immunization met with blinded community physicians under the pretext of prenatal interviews. Persuasive communication strategies were scored using a standardized questionnaire. Recorded transcripts were evaluated for compliance with American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for handling vaccine refusal. Nine encounters were conducted, representing 16% of pediatric and 3% of family practices in the area. Physicians scored high on listening, maintaining eye contact, spending time with the SM, using understandable terms, and avoiding a paternalistic posture. Lower scores were obtained on encouraging questions, checking for understanding, validating the importance of the SM's concerns, and assessing knowledge about vaccines. The median recorded encounter lasted 19 min. SMs represent a novel strategy for studying physician/parent communication about vaccines. PMID:19464542

Bryant, Kristina A; Wesley, Gina C; Wood, Jo Ann; Hines, Carol; Marshall, Gary S

2009-06-01

132

Detection Strategies and Intercept Metrics for Intra-Pulse Radar-Embedded Communications  

E-print Network

.1.5 SINR and Processing Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 7.2 SINR at the Intercept Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 7.3 Analysis of the LPI Metric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64... communication symbols to one or more desired receivers. The kth transmitted communication symbol is defined as ck(t). The received signal when a communication symbol is present is then given as y(t) = s(t) ? x(t) + ?ck(t) ? h(t) + u(t) (3.2) where ? is a complex...

Metcalf, Justin

2011-12-31

133

Communication skills for end-of-life nursing care. Teaching strategies from the ELNEC curriculum.  

PubMed

The End of Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC) is a train-the-trainer educational program that helps nursing faculty integrate care of the dying patient and the patient's family into the nursing curriculum. This article presents pedagogical techniques derived from the ELNEC teaching module on communication and key content areas for developing communication skills in end-of-life care. Competent end-of-life nursing care begins with an understanding of communication techniques and their potential impact on care. PMID:14528862

Matzo, Marianne LaPorte; Sherman, Deborah Witt; Sheehan, Denice C; Ferrell, Betty Rolling; Penn, Barbara

2003-01-01

134

Assessment of theory of mind in children with communication disorders: Role of presentation mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with communication disorders have problems with both language and social interaction. The theory-of-mind hypothesis provides an explanation for these problems, and different tests have been developed to test this hypothesis. However, different modes of presentation are used in these tasks, which make the results difficult to compare. In the present study, the performances of typically developing children, children with

Marit van Buijsen; Angelique Hendriks; Mieke Ketelaars; Ludo Verhoeven

2011-01-01

135

Water and wastewater in developing countries: present reality and strategy for the future.  

PubMed

This paper summarises the paper presentation sessions at the Conference, as well giving insights on the issues related to developing countries. It also discusses the present status of practice and research on water and wastewater management, and projected future scenario based not only on the papers presented in the Conference, but also on other sources. The strategy is presented to overcome many problems in developing countries such as rapid urbanization, industrialization, population growth, financial and institutional problems and, depleting water resources. The strategy consists of Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM), cleaner industrial production, waste minimisation and financial arrangements. PMID:12448446

Ujang, Z; Buckley, C

2002-01-01

136

Switching behavior in optimal communication strategies for team jamming games under resource constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we address the issue of malicious intrusion in the communication network present in a team of autonomous vehicles. In our current scenario, we consider the special case of two teams with each team consisting of two mobile agents. Agents belonging to the same team communicate over wireless ad hoc networks, and they try to split their available

Sourabh Bhattacharya; Ali Khanafer; Tamer Basar

2011-01-01

137

Green marketing strategies: an examination of stakeholders and the opportunities they present  

Microsoft Academic Search

As green marketing strategies become increasingly more important to firms adhering to a triple-bottom line performance evaluation,\\u000a the present research seeks to better understand the role of “green” as a marketing strategy. Through an integration of the\\u000a marketing, management, and operations literatures, an investigative framework is generated that identifies the various stakeholders\\u000a potentially impacted through the environmentally friendly efforts of

J. Joseph Cronin; Jeffery S. Smith; Mark R. Gleim; Edward Ramirez; Jennifer Dawn Martinez

2011-01-01

138

NASA's Agency-Wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research. To help enable existing and future programs to pursue this mission, NASA has established the Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC) to proactively identify, analyze, and communicate environmental regulatory risks to the NASA community. The RRAC PC is chartered to evaluate the risks posed to NASA Programs and facilities by environmentally related drivers. The RRAC PC focuses on emerging environmental regulations, as well as risks related to operational changes that can trigger existing environmental requirements. Changing regulations have the potential to directly affect program activities. For example, regulatory changes can restrict certain activities or operations by mandating changes in how operations may be done or limiting where or how certain operations can take place. Regulatory changes also can directly affect the ability to use certain materials by mandating a production phase-out or restricting usage applications of certain materials. Such changes can result in NASA undertaking material replacement efforts. Even if a regulation does not directly affect NASA operations, U.S. and international regulations can pose program risks indirectly through requirements levied on manufacturers and vendors of components and materials. For example, manufacturers can change their formulations to comply with new regulatory requirements. Such changes can require time-consuming and costly requalification certification for use in human spaceflight programs. The RRAC PC has implemented several strategies for proactively managing regulatory change to minimize potential adverse impacts to NASA Programs and facilities. This presentation highlights the lessons learned through establishing the RRAC PC, the process by which the RRAC PC monitors and distributes information about emerging regulatory requirements, and the cross-Agency cooperation that is vital to supporting NASA's mission.

Duda, Kristen; Scroggins, Sharon

2008-01-01

139

NASA's Agency-wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research. To help enable existing and future programs to pursue this mission, NASA has established the Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC) to proactively identify, analyze, and communicate environmental regulatory risks to the NASA community. The RRAC PC is chartered to evaluate the risks posed to NASA Programs and facilities by environmentally related drivers. The RRAC PC focuses on emerging environmental regulations, as well as risks related to operational changes that can trigger existing environmental requirements. Changing regulations have the potential to directly affect program activities. For example, regulatory changes can restrict certain activities or operations by mandating changes in how operations may be done or limiting where or how certain operations can take place. Regulatory changes also can directly affect the ability to use certain materials by mandating a production phase-out or restricting usage aPi'iications of certain materials. Such changes can result in NASA undertaking material replacement efforts. Even if a regulation does not directly affect NASA operations, U.S. and international regulations can pose program risks indirectly through requirements levied on manufacturers and vendors of components and materials. For example, manufacturers can change their formulations to comply with new regulatory requirements. Such changes can require time-consuming and costly requalification certification for use in human spaceflight programs. The RRAC PC has implemented several strategies for proactively managing regulatory change to minimize potential adverse impacts to NASA Programs and facilities. This presentation highlights the lessons learned through establishing the RRAC PC, the process by which the RRAC PC monitors and distributes information about emerging regulatory requirements, and the cross-Agency cooperation that is vital to supporting NASA's mission.

Duda, Kristen; Scroggins. Sharon

2008-01-01

140

COMMUNICATION (Written Communication, Oral Communication): Students will produce written reports and oral presentations on topics relating to computing.  

E-print Network

simulations. CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Technical Skills) and CRITICAL THINKING (Analytical Skills, Practical and presentations in a manner that is clear and effective. CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Technical Skills) and CRITICAL THINKING (Analytical Skills, Practical Skills): Students will demonstrate knowledge of, and proficiency

Fernandez, Eduardo

141

Integrating Lecture Capture as a Teaching Strategy to Improve Student Presentation Skills through Self-Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As digital natives from the "wired" Net Generation permeate today's classrooms, and educators adapt to students' digital expectations, exploring the pedagogical use of educational technology is essential for today's faculty. Student competency in oral communication and presentation skills transcends disciplines in higher education, as does the…

Smith, Charlene M.; Sodano, Todd M.

2011-01-01

142

Teacher Strategies for Effective Intervention with Students Presenting Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties: An International Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of international research literature on teacher strategies for effective intervention with students presenting social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) is presented. Particular attention is given to evidence defining the qualities and skills of effective teachers and the value of behavioural and cognitive behavioural…

Cooper, Paul

2011-01-01

143

The Effects of Varying Pictorial Detail and Presentation Strategy on Concept Formation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of varying pictorial detail and presentation strategy on learners of varying grade levels in a visually transmitted concept formation task. Specifically, line drawings containing only relevant details and halftones containing relevant and irrelevant detail were presented successively and…

Gorman, Don A.

144

Presenting quantitative information about decision outcomes: a risk communication primer for patient decision aid developers  

PubMed Central

Background Making evidence-based decisions often requires comparison of two or more options. Research-based evidence may exist which quantifies how likely the outcomes are for each option. Understanding these numeric estimates improves patients’ risk perception and leads to better informed decision making. This paper summarises current “best practices” in communication of evidence-based numeric outcomes for developers of patient decision aids (PtDAs) and other health communication tools. Method An expert consensus group of fourteen researchers from North America, Europe, and Australasia identified eleven main issues in risk communication. Two experts for each issue wrote a “state of the art” summary of best evidence, drawing on the PtDA, health, psychological, and broader scientific literature. In addition, commonly used terms were defined and a set of guiding principles and key messages derived from the results. Results The eleven key components of risk communication were: 1) Presenting the chance an event will occur; 2) Presenting changes in numeric outcomes; 3) Outcome estimates for test and screening decisions; 4) Numeric estimates in context and with evaluative labels; 5) Conveying uncertainty; 6) Visual formats; 7) Tailoring estimates; 8) Formats for understanding outcomes over time; 9) Narrative methods for conveying the chance of an event; 10) Important skills for understanding numerical estimates; and 11) Interactive web-based formats. Guiding principles from the evidence summaries advise that risk communication formats should reflect the task required of the user, should always define a relevant reference class (i.e., denominator) over time, should aim to use a consistent format throughout documents, should avoid “1 in x” formats and variable denominators, consider the magnitude of numbers used and the possibility of format bias, and should take into account the numeracy and graph literacy of the audience. Conclusion A substantial and rapidly expanding evidence base exists for risk communication. Developers of tools to facilitate evidence-based decision making should apply these principles to improve the quality of risk communication in practice. PMID:24625237

2013-01-01

145

Utilization of KSC Present Broadband Communications Data System For Digital Video Services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers a visibility study of utilizing present KSC broadband communications data system (BCDS) for digital video services. Digital video services include compressed digital TV delivery and video-on-demand. Furthermore, the study examines the possibility of providing interactive video on demand to desktop personal computers via KSC computer network.

Andrawis, Alfred S.

2001-01-01

146

Assessment of Theory of Mind in Children with Communication Disorders: Role of Presentation Mode  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with communication disorders have problems with both language and social interaction. The theory-of-mind hypothesis provides an explanation for these problems, and different tests have been developed to test this hypothesis. However, different modes of presentation are used in these tasks, which make the results difficult to compare. In…

van Buijsen, Marit; Hendriks, Angelique; Ketelaars, Mieke; Verhoeven, Ludo

2011-01-01

147

Journalism and Technical Communication presents the Fourth Biennial Colorado State University Media Festival  

E-print Network

Journalism and Technical Communication presents the Fourth Biennial Colorado State University Media Festival September 25--28, 2013 Share your creativity, your passion for producing media, and your secrets Colorado State University graduates are widely recognized for quality media efforts. On the heels

Stephens, Graeme L.

148

A green strategy for federated and heterogeneous clouds with communicating workloads.  

PubMed

Providers of cloud environments must tackle the challenge of configuring their system to provide maximal performance while minimizing the cost of resources used. However, at the same time, they must guarantee an SLA (service-level agreement) to the users. The SLA is usually associated with a certain level of QoS (quality of service). As response time is perhaps the most widely used QoS metric, it was also the one chosen in this work. This paper presents a green strategy (GS) model for heterogeneous cloud systems. We provide a solution for heterogeneous job-communicating tasks and heterogeneous VMs that make up the nodes of the cloud. In addition to guaranteeing the SLA, the main goal is to optimize energy savings. The solution results in an equation that must be solved by a solver with nonlinear capabilities. The results obtained from modelling the policies to be executed by a solver demonstrate the applicability of our proposal for saving energy and guaranteeing the SLA. PMID:25478589

Mateo, Jordi; Vilaplana, Jordi; Plŕ, Lluis M; Lérida, Josep Ll; Solsona, Francesc

2014-01-01

149

Communicating the Urgency and Challenge of Global Climate Change: Lessons Learned and New Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change can sometimes be characterized as a "creeping environmental problem"--it is complex and long-term, involves long system lags, lacks the immediacy of everyday experience and thus is hard to perceive, and feels overwhelming to most individuals. Climate change thus does not typically attain the status of an urgent concern, taking priority over other matters for individuals, organizations or in the policy arena. We review the major reasons behind this lack of urgency, and document the observed consequences of previous communication strategies, including lack of public understanding, indifference, confusion, fear and uncertainty. We find that certain emotional motivators such as fear and guilt, while oft-employed, do not actually result in improved recognition of the urgency of the issue, nor do they typically result in action. Rather, positive and engaging approaches may be more likely to achieve this goal. We propose seven strategies to improve the communication of climate change and its urgency: 1) Abide by basic communication rules and heed the warnings of communication experts; 2) Address the emotional and the temporal components of "urgency"; 3) Increase the persuasiveness of the message; 4) Use trusted messengers-broaden the circle; 5) Use opportunities well; 6) Tap into individual and cultural strengths and values; and 7) Unite and Conquer. The multi-faceted nature of the proposed strategies reflects the unique challenges of the climate change issue as well as the need to engage all levels and sectors of societies in the solution, from individuals, to businesses, to governments. These strategies and results emerged from a multi-disciplinary, academic/practitioner workshop on the topic held at NCAR in summer 2004.

Dilling, L.; Moser, S. C.

2004-12-01

150

Communication strategies for managing sexual harassment in organizations: Understanding message options and their effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper employs theoretical message frameworks from literature on assertiveness, intra?organizational influence, and message design logic to present an interpersonal communication approach for managing sexual harassment in organizations. A multiple?goals interpretation of the literature on sexual harassment is used to understand the situational features that make sexual harassment difficult to deflect through face?to?face communication. The discussion of situational features provides

Shereen G. Bingham

1991-01-01

151

"What Is the Best Way to Be a Social Justice Advocate?": Communication Strategies for Effective Social Justice Advocacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conflict can shut down communication, the key to social justice advocacy. In this article, the author shares his insights on how some communication strategies can help manage conflict and sustain open conversation with students about contentious issues. Recently, the author participated in an extremely heated discussion session for student affairs…

Nash, Robert J.

2010-01-01

152

SYMPTOM COMMUNICATION DURING CRITICAL ILLNESS: THE IMPACT OF AGE, DELIRIUM, AND DELIRIUM PRESENTATION  

PubMed Central

Communication of symptoms is integral to quality patient care in any setting. However, communication between patients and nurses in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is complicated by oral or endotracheal intubation and fluctuating neurocognitive status or delirium. We report the 1) prevalence of delirium and delirium subtypes in a group of non-vocal, mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients; 2) impact of age on delirium presentation; and 3) influence of delirium and age on symptom communication over time. Interactions between mechanically ventilated, critically ill adults (N=89) and their nurses (N=30) were video recorded and analyzed for evidence of patient communication about symptoms at 4 time points across two consecutive days. Delirium was measured at study enrollment and immediately following video recording sessions for a total of 5 time points. Delirium prevalence on study enrollment was 23.6% and for observational time point was 28.7%. Participants aged 60 and older were more likely to be delirious on enrollment and during the videorecorded sessions. Older age (? 60 years) was associated with self-report of pain, drowsiness and cold. Delirium was associated with self-reported dry mouth. PMID:23755732

Tate, Judith A; Sereika, Susan; Divirgilio, Dana; Nilsen, Marci; Demirci, Jill; Campbell, Grace; Happ, Mary Beth

2014-01-01

153

Employees' Choices in Learning How to Use Information and Communication Technology Systems at Work: Strategies and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to promote the understanding of how employees learn to use information and communication technology (ICT) systems at work. The elements of a learning activity in the context of ICT use are identified from the literature. In particular, approaches to learning, learning strategies and problem-solving strategies are…

Korpelainen, Eija; Kira, Mari

2010-01-01

154

Intervention strategies to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases in Mexico: cost effectiveness analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To inform decision making regarding intervention strategies against non-communicable diseases in Mexico, in the context of health reform. Design Cost effectiveness analysis based on epidemiological modelling. Interventions 101 intervention strategies relating to nine major clusters of non-communicable disease: depression, heavy alcohol use, tobacco use, cataracts, breast cancer, cervical cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Data sources Mexican data sources were used for most key input parameters, including administrative registries; disease burden and population estimates; household surveys; and drug price databases. These sources were supplemented as needed with estimates for Mexico from the WHO-CHOICE unit cost database or with estimates extrapolated from the published literature. Main outcome measures Population health outcomes, measured in disability adjusted life years (DALYs); costs in 2005 international dollars ($Int); and costs per DALY. Results Across 101 intervention strategies examined in this study, average yearly costs at the population level would range from around ?$Int1m (such as for cataract surgeries) to >$Int1bn for certain strategies for primary prevention in cardiovascular disease. Wide variation also appeared in total population health benefits, from <1000 DALYs averted a year (for some components of cancer treatments or aspirin for acute ischaemic stroke) to >300?000 averted DALYs (for aggressive combinations of interventions to deal with alcohol use or cardiovascular risks). Interventions in this study spanned a wide range of average cost effectiveness ratios, differing by more than three orders of magnitude between the lowest and highest ratios. Overall, community and public health interventions such as non-personal interventions for alcohol use, tobacco use, and cardiovascular risks tended to have lower cost effectiveness ratios than many clinical interventions (of varying complexity). Even within the community and public health interventions, however, there was a 200-fold difference between the most and least cost effective strategies examined. Likewise, several clinical interventions appeared among the strategies with the lowest average cost effectiveness ratios—for example, cataract surgeries. Conclusions Wide variations in costs and effects exist within and across intervention categories. For every major disease area examined, at least some strategies provided excellent value for money, including both population based and personal interventions. PMID:22389335

2012-01-01

155

Should they learn to interrupt? Workplace communication strategies Australian women managers forecast as effective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses some gender debates in linguistic behaviour and suggests how scenario-based research techniques may contribute. It then presents a survey-based study of 157 Australian female, organisationally senior, managers. For each of three workplace communication dilemmas, participants evaluated a series of strategic responses, indicating both how effective and how probable they thought the responses were. Despite the participants’ seniority

Mary Barrett

2004-01-01

156

Implications and Strategies for Instruction of the Nontraditional Student in the Conventional Basic Speech Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Older, nontraditional students are appearing with increasing frequency in conventional basic communication classes, and the unique learning needs of this group present a challenge to instructors, who must take into consideration the following: (1) the challenge of the learning process itself, (2) basic problems or concerns of the adult within the…

Ross, Roseanna; Stokes, Colleen Stiles

157

Learning Our Way into Communication: The Making of the Communication and Information Strategy "with" the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the making of the Communication and Information Strategy with the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme (NAADS) in Uganda. The NAADS is a new organization in government responsible for the implementation of a demand-driven agricultural extension approach. The new extension approach calls for fundamental changes in…

Ramirez, Ricardo

2005-01-01

158

Energy-efficient wireless communication In this chapter we present an energy-efficient highly adaptive network  

E-print Network

Energy-efficient wireless communication In this chapter we present an energy-efficient highly substantial research in the hardware aspects of mobile communications energy-efficiency, such as low-power electronics, power-down modes, and energy efficient modulation. However, due to fundamental physical

Havinga, Paul J.M.

159

Explaining the unexplainable: designing a national strategy on classroom communication concerning the 22 July terror attack in Norway  

PubMed Central

Background In the context of crisis and disasters, school-aged children are a vulnerable group with fewer coping resources than adults. The school is a key arena for preventive interventions; teachers can be given a key role in large-scale school-based interventions following a man-made or natural disaster. Objectives This paper describes a practical example of designing a school-based population-level intervention. Methods The preventive measures were delivered as a national communication strategy between teachers and pupils aged 6–19 concerning the terror attack on 22 July 2011 in Norway. The strategy is based on principles from international research. Results The presentation contributes to the discussion of defining the teacher's role in school-based crisis interventions and dealing with high-intensity media coverage of war, terror, and catastrophes. Conclusions The presentation provides educational and psychological perspectives on how teachers can take an active role in helping pupils to deal with such events through two approaches: the therapeutic approach, to restore calm and feelings of safety; and the educational approach, to foster reflection and deeper understanding. PMID:25018859

Schultz, Jon-Hĺkon; Langballe, Ĺse; Raundalen, Magne

2014-01-01

160

Historical trends in radiation protection, policy and communications: 1964 to the present.  

PubMed

The past 50 y have seen substantial developments in radiation epidemiology, technology, dosimetry, regulations, and protection efforts. During the last five decades, radiation communication has also evolved, growing more sophisticated as communication science and practice have advanced and matured. This talk covers the trends in radiation protection over the past 50 y, illustrated by progress in science and practice of risk communication and changes in societal expectations, and examines challenges that will confront radiation risk communication in the future. PMID:25551509

Locke, Paul A

2015-02-01

161

Clean Energy Manufacturing: U.S. Competitiveness and State Policy Strategies (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The capital intensive nature of clean energy technologies suggests that manufacturing clean energy equipment has the potential to support state and local economic development efforts. However, manufacturing siting decisions tend to be complex and multi-variable decision processes that require in-depth knowledge of specific markets, the logistical requirements of a given technology, and insight into global clean tech trends. This presentation highlights the potential of manufacturing in supporting economic development opportunities while also providing examples of the financial considerations affecting manufacturing facility siting decisions for wind turbine blades and solar PV. The presentation also includes discussion of other more qualitative drivers of facility siting decisions as gleaned from NREL industry interviews and discusses strategies state and local policymakers may employee to bolster their chances of successfully attracting clean energy manufacturers to their localities.

Lantz, E.

2014-02-01

162

Food Pricing Strategies, Population Diets, and Non-Communicable Disease: A Systematic Review of Simulation Studies  

PubMed Central

Background Food pricing strategies have been proposed to encourage healthy eating habits, which may in turn help stem global increases in non-communicable diseases. This systematic review of simulation studies investigates the estimated association between food pricing strategies and changes in food purchases or intakes (consumption) (objective 1); Health and disease outcomes (objective 2), and whether there are any differences in these outcomes by socio-economic group (objective 3). Methods and Findings Electronic databases, Internet search engines, and bibliographies of included studies were searched for articles published in English between 1 January 1990 and 24 October 2011 for countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Where ?3 studies examined the same pricing strategy and consumption (purchases or intake) or health outcome, results were pooled, and a mean own-price elasticity (own-PE) estimated (the own-PE represents the change in demand with a 1% change in price of that good). Objective 1: pooled estimates were possible for the following: (1) taxes on carbonated soft drinks: own-PE (n?=?4 studies), ?0.93 (range, ?0.06, ?2.43), and a modelled ?0.02% (?0.01%, ?0.04%) reduction in energy (calorie) intake for each 1% price increase (n?=?3 studies); (2) taxes on saturated fat: ?0.02% (?0.01%, ?0.04%) reduction in energy intake from saturated fat per 1% price increase (n?=?5 studies); and (3) subsidies on fruits and vegetables: own-PE (n?=?3 studies), ?0.35 (?0.21, ?0.77). Objectives 2 and 3: variability of food pricing strategies and outcomes prevented pooled analyses, although higher quality studies suggested unintended compensatory purchasing that could result in overall effects being counter to health. Eleven of 14 studies evaluating lower socio-economic groups estimated that food pricing strategies would be associated with pro-health outcomes. Food pricing strategies also have the potential to reduce disparities. Conclusions Based on modelling studies, taxes on carbonated drinks and saturated fat and subsidies on fruits and vegetables would be associated with beneficial dietary change, with the potential for improved health. Additional research into possible compensatory purchasing and population health outcomes is needed. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:23239943

Eyles, Helen; Ni Mhurchu, Cliona; Nghiem, Nhung; Blakely, Tony

2012-01-01

163

Strategies for a Creative Future with Computer Science, Quality Design and Communicability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the current work is presented the importance of the two-way triad between computer science, design and communicability. It is demonstrated how the principles of quality of software engineering are not universal since they are disappearing inside university training. Besides, a short analysis of the term "creativity" males apparent the existence of plagiarism as a human factor that damages the future of communicability applied to the on-line and off-line contents of the open software. A set of measures and guidelines are presented so that the triad works again correctly in the next years to foster the qualitative design of the interactive systems on-line and/or off-line.

Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco V.; Villarreal, Maria

164

A content analysis of multinationals' Web communication strategies: cross-cultural research framework and pre-testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the growing trend toward the interactive medium, there would appear to be a lack of comprehensive research methodology for evaluating the degree of standardisation in multinational corporations’ (MNCs’) online communication strategies across differing cultures. The objective of this exploratory study is to construct a research framework for cross-cultural comparison of corporate Web pages, applying traditional advertising content study techniques.

Shintaro Okazaki; Javier Alonso Rivas

2002-01-01

165

Evaluation of the Parent-Implemented Communication Strategies (PiCS) Project Using the Multiattribute Utility (MAU) Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted a multiattribute utility (MAU) evaluation to assess the Parent-Implemented Communication Strategies (PiCS) project which was funded by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES). In the PiCS project parents of young children with developmental disabilities are trained and coached in their homes on naturalistic and visual teaching…

Stoner, Julia B.; Meadan, Hedda; Angell, Maureen E.; Daczewitz, Marcus

2012-01-01

166

The Italian Art Market and the importance of communication strategies: from fairs to auction houses’ best practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Italian cultural industry is now marching on an innovative supply chain, whose main pattern consists in a new utility perception and consumption behaviours on the demand side and a strong vocation to invest in communication and public relations on the supply side. The content of this paper is an attempt to justify the emerging relevance of marketing strategies and

Angela Besana

2009-01-01

167

Social Marketing and Diffusion-Based Strategies for Communicating with Unique Populations: HIV Prevention in San Francisco  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a 2-year investigation of the extent to which strategies based on social marketing and diffusion of innovations concepts are used in preventive health communication with unique (highly ostracized) populations. Of the 49 organizations in San Francisco that operate HIV prevention programs (N=100),programs that most highly targeted unique populations were surveyed. Personal interviews were then conducted with 38 staff

James W. Dearing; Everett M. Rogers; Gary Meyer; Michelle L. Campo

1996-01-01

168

A Content Analysis of Multinationals' Web Communication Strategies: Cross-Cultural Research Framework and Pre-Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of research methodology for evaluating the degree of standardization in multinational corporations' online communication strategies across differing cultures focuses on a research framework for cross-cultural comparison of corporate Web pages, applying traditional advertising content study techniques. Describes pre-tests that examined…

Okazaki, Shintaro; Alonso Rivas, Javier

2002-01-01

169

Examining Success of Communication Strategies Used by Formal Caregivers Assisting Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease during an Activity of Daily Living  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To examine how formal (i.e., employed) caregivers' use verbal and nonverbal communication strategies while assisting individuals with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease (AD) during the successful completion of an activity of daily living (ADL). Based on the literature, the authors hypothesized that caregivers' use of 1 proposition,…

Wilson, Rozanne; Rochon, Elizabeth; Mihailidis, Alex; Leonard, Carol

2012-01-01

170

The present status of maintenance strategies and the impact of maintenance on reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the most frequently used power system maintenance strategies are reviewed. Distinction is made between strategies where maintenance consists of replacement by a new (or “good as new”) component and where it is represented by a less costly activity resulting in a limited improvement of the component's condition. Methods are also divided into categories where maintenance is performed

J. Endrenyi; S. Aboresheid; R. N. Allan; G. J. Anders; S. Asgarpoor; R. Billinton; N. Chowdhury; E. N. Dialynas; M. Fipper; R. H. Fletcher; C. Grigg; J. McCalley; S. Meliopoulos; T. C. Mielnik; P. Nitu; N. Rau; N. D. Reppen; L. Salvaderi; A. Schneider; Ch. Singh

2001-01-01

171

Presentations  

Cancer.gov

Presentations Name Position Presentation (ppt) Sudhir Srivastava, PhD, MPH Chief, Cancer Biomarkers Research Group Metabolomics: An Untapped Frontier (ppt, 161kb) John Milner, PhD Chief, Nutritional Sciences research Group Can Metabolomics

172

The Seven Cs Ethical Model of Communication: Environmental Communication and Indigenous Knowledge Management Strategies in International Agricultural Development  

E-print Network

This dissertation explores a number of issues facing international nonprofit organizations and individuals working in agricultural interventions supporting rural development with the goal of creating an ethical foundation of communication values...

McCann, Elisabeth

2012-10-19

173

Communicating Science on YouTube and Beyond: OSIRIS-REx Presents 321Science!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA’s OSIRIS-REx asteroid sample return mission launched OSIRIS-REx Presents 321Science!, a series of short videos, in December 2013 at youtube.com/osirisrex. A multi-disciplinary team of communicators, film and graphic arts students, teens, scientists, and engineers produces one video per month on a science and engineering topic related to the OSIRIS-REx mission. The format is designed to engage all members of the public, but especially younger audiences with the science and engineering of the mission. The videos serve as a resource for team members and others, complementing more traditional formats such as formal video interviews, mission animations, and hands-on activities. In creating this new form of OSIRIS-REx engagement, we developed 321Science! as an umbrella program to encourage expansion of the concept and topics beyond the OSIRIS-REx mission through partnerships. Such an expansion strengthens and magnifies the reach of the OSIRIS-REx efforts.321Science! has a detailed proposed schedule of video production through launch in 2016. Production plans are categorized to coincide with the course of the mission beginning with Learning the basics - about asteroids and the mission - and proceeding to Building the spacecraft, Run up to launch, Cruising to Bennu, Run up to rendezvous, Mapping Bennu, Sampling, Analyzing data, Cruising home and Returning and analyzing the sample. The video library will host a combination of videos on broad science topics and short specialized concepts with an average length of 2-3 minutes. Video production also takes into account external events, such as other missions’ milestones, to draw attention to our videos. Production will remain flexible and responsive to audience interests and needs and to developments in the mission, science, and external events. As of August 2014, 321Science! videos have over 22,000 views. We use YouTube analytics to evaluate our success and we are investigating additional and more rigorous evaluation methods for future analysis.

Spitz, Anna H.; Dykhuis, Melissa; Platts, Symeon; Keane, James T.; Tanquary, Hannah E.; Zellem, Robert; Hawley, Tiffany; Lauretta, Dante; Beshore, Ed; Bottke, Bill; Hergenrother, Carl; Dworkin, Jason P.; Patchell, Rose; Spitz, Sarah E.; Bentley, Zoe

2014-11-01

174

Communication Strategies in the Practice of Lawyering. Proceedings of the 1983 Summer Conference on Communication Strategies in the Practice of Lawyering (Oracle, AZ, June 24-27, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawn from a conference intended as a step toward reuniting the disciplines of behavioral sciences and law, the items in this compilation were prepared by practitioners and educators in the areas of law, communication, social psychology, and sociology. The items are arranged in five sections according to these topics: interviewing and counseling,…

Matlon, Ronald J., Ed.; Crawford, Richard J., Ed.

175

Presentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inspired by the pioneering work of Abbas Edalat, several authors have sought to develop the theory of integration on a domain-theoretic foundation. The so-called “theory of charges” (finitely additive measures on algebras) provides tools for extending Edalat's original program of a general Riemann integral to a very wide class of domains. We present the appropriate definitions and general results that

Jimmie Lawson

2001-01-01

176

Multicultural Instruction: Strategies for Training Teaching Assistants To Incorporate Diverse Perspectives and Communication Styles into the Basic Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not only possible, but also essential for students to be exposed to, to understand, and to personally experience equity and intercultural concepts and perspectives in the basic communication classroom. Incorporating students' discomfort at exploring equity and diversity into classroom discussions has proven effective in helping them examine…

Araujo, Alice R.; And Others

177

Christian communication and its impact on Korean society : past, present and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although it is historically acknowledged that the Republic of Korea (South) has become a modern democratic republic, very little has been written or researched about the processes that were involved in achieving this state and the role of Christian Communication in national development. Traditionally, for many centuries, Korea was a feudal kingdom, known as the ‘Hermit Kingdom’. How then,

Soon Nim Lee

2009-01-01

178

Information and Communication Technology in the Israeli Educational System: Past, Present and Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the Israeli educational system. Discusses a behaviorist approach to computer assisted instruction; open-ended courseware; constructivist approaches to multimedia, including simulations, modeling, and virtual reality; technology-based distance learning; and…

Katz, Yaacov J.

2002-01-01

179

Distance Education Technology Study. Final Report: Executive Summary presented to: Wisconsin Educational Communications Board.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the final report and executive summary of a distance education technology study conducted on behalf of the Wisconsin Educational Communications Board (WECB) during 1992-93 in order to provide information to assist the educational institutions of the state in formulating strategic directions for the development of distance…

Evans Associates, Thiensville, WI.

180

Report of the International Conference on Risk Communication Strategies for BSL-4 laboratories, Tokyo, October 3-5, 2007.  

PubMed

Working with highly pathogenic agents such as Ebola or Marburg virus in the context of infection control or biodefense research requires high-biocontainment laboratories of the Biosafety Level 4 (BSL-4) to protect researchers and laboratory staff from infection and to prevent the unintentional release of harmful agents. The public perception of research on highly pathogenic agents and the operation of high-containment facilities is often ambivalent: while the output of the biomedical research is highly valued, the existence of a BSL-4 lab is often viewed with concern. Biomedical research perspectives and public perceptions often differ and can lead to tensions that could have negative effects on research, society, and politics. Therefore, risk communication plays a crucial role in siting, building, and operating a high-containment facility. The Japanese government invited risk communication experts and scientists from Canada, the U.S., Europe, and Australia to discuss their risk communication strategies for BSL-4 labs. This article describes the international perspective on risk communication and gives recommendations for successful strategies. PMID:19635008

Dickmann, Petra; Keith, Kelly; Comer, Chris; Abraham, Gordon; Gopal, Robin; Marui, Eiji

2009-06-01

181

Relative Effects of Visualized and Verbal Presentation Methods in Communicating Environmental Information among Stakeholders: Okavango Delta, Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the relative effectiveness of 2 public instructional communication methods in improving selected predictors of knowledge-sharing behaviors among communities in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. A total of 120 subjects took part in a quasiexperimental study, with 2 experimental treatments: (a) visualized PowerPoint…

Thakadu, Olekae T.; Irani, Tracy; Telg, Ricky

2011-01-01

182

College of Communications Scholarships listed present a selection of those awarded by sponsoring organizations in conjunction with  

E-print Network

College of Communications Scholarships listed present a selection of those awarded by sponsoring apply for a wide range of scholarships and awards offered by a host of outside private organizations and professional societies. Information about scholarships and awards is located on the bulletin boards

de Lijser, Peter

183

Problem Complexity and the Transfer of Strategies in Computer-Presented Problems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two experiments were performed to determine whether practice on less complex problems, either smaller size or in familiar context, produces a strategy that transfers to similar but more complex problems. Practice on familiar problems was no more effective than practice on unfamiliar for transfer to another unfamiliar context for all sizes.

Steinberg, Esther R.

2006-12-07

184

Module 7-AA: Communicating Effectively  

Cancer.gov

The seventh module of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores communication issues pertinent to African Americans with cancer and their health care providers, discusses strategies for culturally sensitive communication, and presents the SPIKES protocol, a practical framework for effective communication.

185

iTETRIS -A Large Scale Integrated Simulation Platform for V2X Communications: Application  

E-print Network

communication technologies and applications. Field operational tests (FOTs) exist and provide precise evaluation scenarios with objectives of evaluating different management strategies. Further, the paper aims applications/strategies. The communication scenarios are derived and presented based on the analysis

Gesbert, David

186

Aberrant radial-ulnar nerve communication in the upper arm presenting as an unusual radial nerve palsy: a case report.  

PubMed

An unusual communication between the radial and ulnar nerves was observed during repair of a fracture of the humerus in an adult patient who presented with unusual physical exam findings. The patient had loss of radial and ulnar nerve motor function, as well as decreased sensation in both nerve distributions. Radial nerve injury following fracture of the humerus is a common condition, and anatomic variations are therefore of importance to clinicians. Communications between branches of the brachial plexus are also not uncommon findings; however there is very little mention of communication between the radial and ulnar nerves in the literature. An appreciation of unusual nerve anatomy is important in explaining unusual finding in patients. PMID:25481257

Lombardo, Daniel J; Buzas, David; Siegel, Geoffrey; Afsari, Alan

2014-12-01

187

Intimate partner violence victims as mothers: their messages and strategies for communicating with children to break the cycle of violence.  

PubMed

Children whose mothers are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are at increased risk of adverse health and psychosocial consequences, including becoming victims or perpetrators of violence in their own relationships. This study aimed to understand the role mothers may play in preventing the perpetuation of violence in their children's lives. We performed semistructured interviews with 18 IPV victims who are mothers and were living at the Women's Center & Shelter of Greater Pittsburgh from July through November 2011. We sought to understand how they communicate with their children about IPV and relationships. These mothers described a desire to explain their IPV experience and offer advice about avoiding violence in relationships. As foundations for these discussions, they emphasized the importance of close relationships and open communication with their children. Although mothers are interested in talking about IPV and relationships and identify communication strategies for doing so, many have never discussed these topics with their children. These mothers need and want an intervention to help them learn how to communicate with their children to promote healthy relationships. Development of a program to facilitate communication between IPV victims and their children could create an important tool to empower mothers to break the cross-generational cycle of domestic violence. PMID:24919995

Insetta, Emily R; Akers, Aletha Y; Miller, Elizabeth; Yonas, Michael A; Burke, Jessica G; Hintz, Lindsay; Chang, Judy C

2015-02-01

188

A case study of seven Taiwanese English as a foreign language freshman non-English majors' perceptions about learning five communication strategies  

E-print Network

The primary purpose of this study was to identify what were Taiwanese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners’ perceptions about learning communication strategies. This study collected qualitative data about students’ beliefs...

Lin, Grace Hui Chin

2009-05-15

189

Present status and strategy of reel-to-reel TFA-MOD process for coated conductors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the research and development of a reel-to-reel TFA-MOD (Metal Organic Deposition using Trifluoro-acetates) process, a present status is reviewed and its future strategy is addressed. As a base of the study, the 90 m long tape with uniform I c distribution of the 300 A/cm-width level was obtained on the CeO 2 buffered IBAD-Gd 2Zr 2O 7/Hastelloy C276 substrate. The tape has the 56 m region with the end-to-end I c value of 250 A, which corresponds to maximum product of I c × L of 14,000 Am. Based on the results, several directions on R&D have been studied such as “higher I c”, “higher I c- B”, “higher production rate both in coating/calcinations and crystallization steps” and lower cost buffer/substrate”. Then, an extremely high I c value of 735 A/cm-width was achieved in a short tape by the compositional control (e.g. Ba-deficient), in the starting solutions. On the efforts for achieving higher I c- B properties, high I c values of 115 and 35 A/cm-width under the magnetic fields of 1 and 3 T were obtained by the RE mixture of Y and Gd in REBCO, addition of Zr and a growth rate control process. On the other hand, the production rate for the coating/calcinations process was improved by development of new starting solutions, which uses F-free Y salt instead of TFA salt of Y. The high J c value of 1.9 MA/cm 2 was confirmed using the precursor films fabricated at a high traveling rate of 10 m/h. Concerning a higher rate in the crystallization step, the multi-turning system with a vertical gas flow system was developed. The validity of the concept was confirmed using 2-turn parts of the furnace. The high I c value of 250 A/cm-width was realized in the 5 m tape crystallized with a traveling rate of 3 m/h, which is equivalent to 15 m/h for usage of entire area of the furnace of 10-turns. Furthermore, in order to achieve the lower cost, the architecture of the coated conductor with a low cost buffer/substrate system has been developed. An IBAD buffered substrate using IBAD-MgO layer (CeO 2/LMO/IBAD-MgO/Hastelloy C276) was developed and a high production rate of 24 m/h was realized for IBAD-MgO layer using a small ion gun system with the area of 6 × 22 cm 2. The grain texturing of the substrate was reached the ? ? value of 4° in the CeO 2 layer. This substrate was applied to the above mentioned multi-turning crystallization furnace for TFA-MOD process. Then, a 5 m long tape with 260 A/cm-width (@77 K. s.f.) was achieved. According to the TFA-MOD process in the above achievements, the prospects of each issue for the future stage were independently confirmed. Consequently, R&D combining the above-mentioned achievements for longer tapes are expected in the next stage.

Izumi, T.; Yoshizumi, M.; Miura, M.; Nakaoka, K.; Ichikawa, Y.; Sutoh, Y.; Miyata, S.; Fukushima, H.; Yamada, Y.; Shiohara, Y.

2009-10-01

190

The Effectiveness of Window Presentation Strategy and Cognitive Style of Field Dependence Status on Learning from Mediated Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this article is to review the literature on research studies conducted in the last five years on the effectiveness of window presentation strategies and the cognitive dependence status of field-dependent/independent (FD/FI) learners in a computer-mediated instruction (CMI). Secondary to this purpose is to summarize research…

Ikegulu, Patricia R.; Ikegulu, T. Nelson

191

Presented at the 2005 EWRI Congress. Strategies/Guidance for Managing Stormwater: Infiltration vs. Surface Water Discharge  

E-print Network

to the degradation of many urban streams and rivers. The management of municipal stormwater runoff necessitates; email: spahrc@dickinson.edu ABSTRACT Past studies have identified urban runoff as a major contributorPresented at the 2005 EWRI Congress. Strategies/Guidance for Managing Stormwater: Infiltration vs

Clark, Shirley E.

192

Creative Drama as an Aid in Children's Development of Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pragmatics, or functional communication, refers to the transactions that occur between people, or the actual performance of language in social contexts. This paper discusses several functional communication theories, applies these theories to the education of children, and offers a number of practical techniques for teaching creative dramatics.…

Heinig, Ruth Beall

193

Designing Effective Persuasive Systems Utilizing the Power of Entanglement: Communication Channel, Strategy & Affect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With rapid advancements in information and communication technologies, computer-mediated communication channels such as email, web, mobile smart-phones with SMS, social networking websites (Facebook), multimedia websites, and OEM devices provide users with multiple technology choices to seek information. However, no study has compared the…

Li, Haiqing

2010-01-01

194

Engaging the Public on Biodiversity: A Road Map for Education and Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis aims to be a tool to reach out to the public on the issue of biodiversity. It is designed for executive directors, program directors, educators and communicators, and other leaders who plan and implement public communication and education programs and campaigns about environmental issues, including biodiversity. The roadmap intends…

Biodiversity Project, Madison, WI.

195

Sex Workers and HIV/AIDS: Analyzing Participatory Culture-Centered Health Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An emerging trend in health communication research advocates the need to foreground articulations of health by participants who are at the core of any health campaign. Scholarly work suggests that the culture-centered approach to health communication can provide a theoretical and practical framework to achieve this objective. The culture-centered…

Basu, Ambar; Dutta, Mohan J.

2009-01-01

196

Strategies and Methodologies for Improving Communications in a Rapid Paced, Complex, Technological World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology has revolutionized communication in a multitude of ways, allowing greater access to distant locations and to persons previously unavailable or available in only limited manners. In a number of respects, innovations such as electronic mail, voice mail, and fax machines have simplified communication and saved individuals valuable time.…

Lamb, Bill; And Others

197

Sense of Place and the National Parks, Strategies for Communicating the Interconnected Nature of Earth Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using sense of place can help scientists improve their communication of complex concepts related to the connectivity of the environment, geological processes, and human societies. National parks afford excellent examples of places that contain intellectual and emotional stimuli for diverse individuals - in other words, they foster a sense of place. Parks contain spectacular examples of how the processes that shape the earth influence ecosystem and societal development. Parks can therefore be used as outdoor classrooms to engage people in place-based Earth Science education. Incorporating place-based teaching methods can promote learning about Earth’s processes that ensures that a wider audience can be reached than by traditional instructional methods. Specific examples of using national parks on the Colorado Plateau, in the Rocky Mountains and the Keweenaw Peninsula for K-12 teacher training have resulted in a deepening of Earth Science content-area knowledge. The National Parks “Views of the National Park (Views)” multimedia education program can subsequently be used to promote engagement of students in the teachers’ classrooms. Teachers who wish to continue their education as interns in the parks are served by programs such as Geoscientists-in-the-Parks, Volunteers-in-Parks, and Teacher-Ranger-Teacher programs. The Michigan Teaching Excellence Program (MiTEP), multi-year teacher leadership and professional development program is working with middle-grade science teachers from selected urban districts and using the parks of the Midwest as natural classrooms. MiTEP has partnered with the NPS to develop internship opportunities for teachers in the parks. These internships will result in educational materials that can be hosted by “Views”. The goal of the internships are to improve teachers’ understanding of the natural environment and the processes that it reflects, and to assist park personnel in producing materials that are standards-based, age-appropriate, and of interest to diverse urban students and families. Both teachers and parks are enthusiastic about working together and we anticipate that MiTEP’s strategy may be a model for others who wish to provide life-long learning opportunities to teachers and outreach opportunities to parks.

Vye, E. C.; Rose, W. I.; Huntoon, J. E.; Nash, B. L.

2010-12-01

198

The past, present, and future of DARPA's investment strategy in smart materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1 4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article presents the authors' vision of what is next

S. G. Wax; G. M. Fischer; R. R. Sands

2003-01-01

199

Designing a risk communication strategy for health hazards posed by traditional slaughter of goats in Tshwane, South Africa.  

PubMed

In African societies, traditional slaughter is linked to celebrations like weddings or births, as well as funerals and ancestor veneration. Participants in traditional slaughter of goats are at risk of exposure to hazards during slaughter, food preparation and consumption of goat meat. For risk mitigation strategies to be implemented, identification of the population at risk is required. This study is based on the premise that the demographic profile of people involved in traditional slaughter of goats is important for risk communication. Both structured and informal interviews were recorded and analysed using a thematic analysis. A total of 105 people were interviewed at taxi ranks in Tshwane, Gauteng. Of these, 48 were women and 57 men. The median age of women and men was 40.6 years and 44.3 years, respectively. The majority of respondents (61.9%, n = 65) interviewed were from the Gauteng Province. Sixty percent (n = 63) of respondents had a secondary education, whilst less than 4.81% (n = 5) of respondents had no formal education. This study demonstrated that interviewing commuters at taxi ranks gave access to a cross section of gender, age, language and origin. It was found that both genders were involved in traditional slaughter of goats. Risk communication strategies should thus target women as well as men. Communication strategies to mitigate the risks of traditional slaughter of goats should take into consideration the dynamic nature of demographic and cultural norms. In light of the wide demographic profile of the respondents, it was concluded that it should be possible to use taxi ranks for successful dissemination of food safety and occupational health risk mitigation messages. PMID:25685926

Qekwana, Daniel N; McCrindle, Cheryl M E; Oguttu, James W

2014-01-01

200

How publics respond to crisis communication strategies: The interplay of information form and source  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through an experiment with 162 college students this study empirically evaluates an emerging communication model: the social-mediated crisis communication model (SMCC). As part of a series of studies testing the SMCC model, this study focuses on two of the SMCC model's components: the effects of crisis information form (traditional media, social media, and word-of-mouth) and source (third party and organization)

Brooke Fisher Liu; Lucinda Austin; Yan Jin

2011-01-01

201

The past, present, and future of DARPA’s investment strategy in smart materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed\\u000a in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1–4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article\\u000a presents the authors’ vision of what is next in

S. G. Wax; G. M. Fischer; R. R. Sands

2003-01-01

202

Flirtation Rejection Strategies: Toward an Understanding of Communicative Disinterest in Flirting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single adults often seek successful flirtatious encounters; yet these encounters can sometimes be considered failures. However, little research has identified flirtation rejection strategies enacted by those not interested in reciprocal flirting. The purpose of this study was to examine behavioral and verbal flirtation rejection strategies among…

Goodboy, Alan K.; Brann, Maria

2010-01-01

203

When patients are impatient: the communication strategies utilized by emergency department employees to manage patients frustrated by wait times.  

PubMed

Studies have documented the frustrations patients experience during long wait times in emergency departments (EDs), but considerably less research has sought to understand ED staff responses to these frustrations. In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 ED social workers, patient navigators, and medical staff members at a large urban hospital regarding their experiences and interpersonal strategies for dealing with frustrated patients. Staff indicated that patients often attribute delays to neglect and do not understand why their health problem is not prioritized. They voiced several strategies for addressing wait time frustrations, including expressing empathy for patients, making patients feel occupied and wait times seem more productive, and educating patients about when health issues should be treated through primary care. All staff members recognized the need for engaging in empathic communication with frustrated patients, but social workers and patient navigators were able to dedicate more time to these types of interactions. PMID:22716025

Cohen, Elizabeth L; Wilkin, Holley A; Tannebaum, Michael; Plew, Melissa S; Haley, Leon L

2013-01-01

204

The past, present, and future of DARPA's investment strategy in smart materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1 4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article presents the authors’ vision of what is next in the smart materials arena, for it is their belief that the journey to truly smart materials and structures has really just begun.

Wax, S. G.; Fischer, G. M.; Sands, R. R.

2003-12-01

205

Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Communication impairment is a core deficit associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Therefore, it should not be surprising\\u000a that this topic has become a major thrust of assessment and treatment in applied behavior analysis (ABA). The types of communication\\u000a skills to target for intervention and the behavioral assessment methods that can be used to identify these target behaviors\\u000a are reviewed

Jeff Sigafoos; Mark F. O’Reilly; Giulio E. Lancioni

206

3 The Romanian Economic Journal The Green Marketing at Work: The Push-Pull Effects of the Green Communication Strategies  

E-print Network

The constant deterioration of the environment and the bad effects on the quality of life cause many challenges for the businesses, consumers and governments. These require a new philosophy of living and new solutions which must be incorporated in the concept of sustainable development. The goal of this paper is to outline the particular effects of putting into practice a new green marketing paradigm which should incorporate the sustainable development issue. We emphasize the contribution of the push-pull strategies to the achievement of the dual role of the green company, of an organization with a social cause and as a business with a profit motive. This contribution may be identified in the push-pull effects on consumer, business, environment and sustainable development. The analysis focuses on the push-pull green communication strategies and on the role they could play for obtaining successfully push-pull effects. These effects go beyond the essential meanings of marketing communication which are informing, convincing and deciding by educating and empowering the consumers with green solutions. All these effects can be found in the impact on the well-being of the consumers and the society, on the business, on the environment and on the sustainable development. The increase of the green purchasing and consumption, the

Victor Danciu

207

Linking Contextual Factors with Rhetorical Pattern Shift: Direct and Indirect Strategies Recommended in English Business Communication Textbooks in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars have consistently claimed that rhetorical patterns are culturally bound, and indirectness is a defining characteristic of Chinese writing. Through examining how the rhetorical mechanism of directness and indirectness is presented in 29 English business communication textbooks published in China, we explore how English business…

Wang, Junhua; Zhu, Pinfan

2011-01-01

208

BUILDING EFFECTIVENESS COMMUNICATION RATIOS FOR IMPROVED BUILDING LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

BUILDING EFFECTIVENESS COMMUNICATION RATIOS FOR IMPROVED BUILDING LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT Elmer a performance-based strategy utilising building effectiveness communication ratios stored in Building performance. Clients of new facilities are presented with energy certificates which act as benchmarks

209

Science, Technology, and Communication: Program Design in the Past, Present, and Future. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Council for Programs in Technical and Scientific Communication (26th, Santa Fe, New Mexico, October 14-16, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the theme of the past, present, and future of science, technology, and communication programs, this proceedings presents 49 papers delivered at the 1999 annual meeting of the Council for Programs in Technical and Scientific Communication (CPTSC). Papers in the proceedings are divided into 12 subsections: The Shape of Programs: Past,…

Rude, Carolyn, Ed.

210

Impact of an intensive communication strategy on end-of-life practices in the intensive care unit  

PubMed Central

Background Since the 2005 French law on end of life and patients’ rights, it is unclear whether practices have evolved. We investigated whether an intensive communication strategy based on this law would influence practices in terms of withholding and withdrawing treatment (WWT), and outcome of patients hospitalised in intensive care (ICU). Methods Single-centre two-period study, before and after the law. Between periods, an intensive strategy for communication was developed and implemented, comprising regular meetings and modalities for WWT. We examined medical records of all patients who died in the ICU or in-hospital during both periods. Results In total, out of 2478 patients admitted in period 1, 678(31%) died in ICU and 823/2940 (28%) in period 2. In period 1, among patients who died in ICU, 45% died further to a decision to WWT vs 85% in period 2 (p<0.01). Among these, median time delay between ICU admission and initiation of decision-making process was significantly different (6–7 days in period 1 vs 3–5 days in period 2, p<0.05). Similarly, median time from admission to actual WWT decision was significantly shorter in period 2 (11–13 days in period 1 vs 4–6 days in period 2, p<0.05). Finally, median time from admission to death in ICU further to a decision to WWT was 13–15 days in period 1 vs 7–8 days in period 2, p<0.05. Reasons for WWT were not significantly different between periods. Conclusion Intensive communication brings about quicker end-of-life decision-making in the ICU. The new law has the advantage of providing a legal framework. PMID:22127479

Quenot, Jean-Pierre; Rigaud, Jean-Philippe; Prin, Sébastien; Barbar, Saber; Pavon, Arnaud; Hamet, Mael; Jacquiot, Nicolas; Blettery, Bernard; Hervé, Christian; Charles, Pierre Emmanuel; Moutel, Grégoire

2012-01-01

211

Design of a Competitive and Collaborative Learning Strategy in a Communication Networks Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, an educational methodology based on collaborative and competitive learning is proposed. The suggested approach has been successfully applied to an undergraduate communication networks course, which is part of the core curriculum of the three-year degree in telecommunications engineering at the University of Valladolid in Spain. This…

Regueras, L. M.; Verdu, E.; Verdu, M. J.; de Castro, J. P.

2011-01-01

212

Description of Communication Breakdown Repair Strategies Produced by Nonverbal Students with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the communication repair behaviors used by nonverbal students with developmental disabilities in the interactions they were involved in with their teachers during free play activities. All children were students at centers serving student with developmental disabilities at Anadolu University in Turkey. Data were collected by…

Dincer, Baris; Erbas, Dilek

2010-01-01

213

Engaging communities in municipal sustainability planning: the use of communication strategies and social networks in Alberta  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine and compare communication processes aimed at building social networks and increasing citizen engagement in two communities participating in a municipal sustainability planning (MSP) pilot programme in Alberta, Canada, initiated by the Alberta Urban Municipalities Association (AUMA). Data were gathered through qualitative semi-structured interviews and documentary review. In soliciting citizen engagement, each community utilised a variety

Moira J. Calder; Mary A. Beckie

2011-01-01

214

Putting advertising and marketing communications strategy into practice: Case of dutch companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Willem Verbeke and Andy Mosmans have undertaken a large survey of Dutch companies focusing on how effectively advertising and marketing communications compaigns are implemented. Their interesting results show, among other things, the extensive involvement of top management in advertising policy, that creative advertising copy is subject to little testing by managers, and that companies evaluate advertising agencies on the basis

Willem Verbeke; Andy Mosmans

1992-01-01

215

Label Management: Investigating How Confidants Encourage the Use of Communication Strategies to Avoid Stigmatization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In modified labeling theory, Link and colleagues (1987, 1989) explicate how people use communication to cope with being labeled as members of a stigmatized group. In this paper, we change perspectives and investigate how a confidant's awareness of discrimination and devaluation associated with being labeled as a member of a stigmatized group (“mentally ill” or “smoker”) motivates him or her

Rachel A. Smith; Thomas J. Hipper

2010-01-01

216

Fire and Fuel Management Communication Strategies: Citizen Evaluations of Agency Outreach Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wildfire impacts have increased in recent years. In response, public agencies have undertaken measures to reduce forest fuels and improve forest health conditions. To be successful these programs require a supportive local constituency. Research has identified a relationship between public understanding of, and support for, fuel and fire management activities. Correspondingly, in many areas federal agencies have focused their communication

Eric Toman; Bruce Shindler; Mark Brunson

2006-01-01

217

School Communications 2.0: A Social Media Strategy for K-12 Principals and Superintendents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative, multiple-case study was two-fold: 1) to describe, analyze, and interpret the experiences of school principals and superintendents who use multiple social media tools such as blogs, microblogs, social networking sites, podcasts, and online videos with stakeholders as part of their comprehensive communications

Cox, Daniel Dean

2012-01-01

218

The Emergence of Marketing and Communications Strategy in South African Further Education and Training Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South African further education and training (FET) colleges have been enjoined to become more responsive to their external environment, in keeping with international trends in public vocational education and training (VET) reform. One mechanism for achieving this goal is to market colleges and communicate more effectively to future students,…

McGrath, Simon; Akoojee, Salim

2007-01-01

219

InfoMall: An Innovative Strategy for High-Performance Computing and Communications Applications Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the InfoMall, a program led by the Northeast Parallel Architectures Center (NPAC) at Syracuse University (New York). The InfoMall features a partnership of approximately 24 organizations offering linked programs in High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) technology integration, software development, marketing, education and…

Mills, Kim; Fox, Geoffrey

1994-01-01

220

Topic Management and Turn Taking in Professional Communication: First- Versus Second-Language Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and contrasts the communication behavior of Hong Kong Cantonese bilingual speakers as they interact in comparable first- and second-language strategic formulations and decision-making meetings. Finds similarities in terms of volume, context level, and ideas; and differences in areas of turn-taking frequency, length of spoken time per…

Du-Babcock, Bertha

1999-01-01

221

Effect Size Measures for Mediation Models: Quantitative Strategies for Communicating Indirect Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The statistical analysis of mediation effects has become an indispensable tool for helping scientists investigate processes thought to be causal. Yet, in spite of many recent advances in the estimation and testing of mediation effects, little attention has been given to methods for communicating effect size and the practical importance of those effect sizes. Our goals in this article are

Kristopher J. Preacher; Ken Kelley

2011-01-01

222

Conformance testing strategies for DICOM protocols in a heterogenous communications system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of the DICOM standard is to define a standard network interface and data model for imaging devices from various vendors. It shall facilitate the development and integration of information systems and picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) in a networked environment. Current activities in Oldenburg, Germany include projects to establish cooperative work applications for radiological purposes, comprising (joined) text, data, signal and image communications, based on narrowband ISDN and ATM communication for regional and Pan European applications. In such a growing and constantly changing environment it is vital to have a solid and implementable plan to bring standards in operation. A communication standard alone cannot ensure interoperability between different vendor implementations. Even DICOM does not specify implementation-specific requirements nor does it specify a testing procedure to assess an implementation's conformance to the standard. The conformance statements defined in the DICOM standard only allow a user to determine which optional components are supported by the implementation. The goal of our work is to build a conformance test suite for DICOM. Conformance testing can aid to simplify and solve problems with multivendor systems. It will check a vendor's implementation against the DICOM standard and state the found subset of functionality. The test suite will be built in respect to the ISO 9646 Standard (OSI-Conformance Testing Methodology and Framework) which is a standard devoted to the subject of conformance testing implementations of Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) standards. For our heterogeneous communication environments we must also consider ISO 9000 - 9004 (quality management and quality assurance) to give the users the confidence in evolving applications.

Meyer, Ralph; Hewett, Andrew J.; Cordonnier, Emmanuel; Piqueras, Joachim; Jensch, Peter F.

1995-05-01

223

Method and apparatus for routing data in an inter-nodal communications lattice of a massively parallel computer system by dynamically adjusting local routing strategies  

DOEpatents

A massively parallel computer system contains an inter-nodal communications network of node-to-node links. Each node implements a respective routing strategy for routing data through the network, the routing strategies not necessarily being the same in every node. The routing strategies implemented in the nodes are dynamically adjusted during application execution to shift network workload as required. Preferably, adjustment of routing policies in selective nodes is performed at synchronization points. The network may be dynamically monitored, and routing strategies adjusted according to detected network conditions.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Musselman, Roy Glenn (Rochester, MN); Peters, Amanda (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Swartz, Brent Allen (Chippewa Falls, WI); Wallenfelt, Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN)

2010-03-16

224

A retrospective observational study of leucoreductive strategies to manage patients with acute myeloid leukaemia presenting with hyperleucocytosis.  

PubMed

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients with hyperleucocytosis have higher early mortality, lower complete remission (CR) and overall survival (OS). Whether different pre-induction leucoreduction strategies can improve outcome is unknown. A single centre retrospective cohort study was conducted on AML patients with a white blood cell count (WBC) >100 × 10(9) /l between 1987 and 1997, and on all AML patients between 1998 and 2006, to determine (a) the effect of four different leucoreductive strategies (leukapheresis, hydroxycarbamide, leukapheresis and hydroxycarbamide or no pre-induction leucoreduction) on early (day 28) mortality, CR, and OS; and (b) whether a high presenting WBC remains a negative predictor of OS in patients surviving induction (first 28 d). In the 1998-2006 cohort (n = 702), higher WBC was associated with higher early mortality and lower OS but its effects were greatly diminished in patients who survived the first 28 d (Hazard Ratio 1·094 vs. 1·002). A WBC of 34·1 × 10(9) /l had the highest sensitivity (75·6%) and specificity (67·4%) for early mortality. None of the four leucoreduction strategies differed significantly in early mortality, CR, or OS in patients with WBC>100 × 10(9) /l (n = 166). The number of leucostatic signs was a significant predictor of early mortality (P < 0·0001) and OS (P = 0·0007). The results suggest that AML patients with hyperleucocytosis should be induced, if eligible, without pre-induction leucoreduction. PMID:25303497

Kuo, Kevin H M; Callum, Jeannie L; Panzarella, Tony; Jacks, Lindsay M; Brandwein, Joseph; Crump, Michael; Curtis, John E; Gupta, Vikas; Lipton, Jeffrey H; Minden, Mark D; Sher, Graham D; Schimmer, Aaron D; Schuh, Andre C; Yee, Karen W L; Keating, Armand; Messner, Hans A

2015-02-01

225

Communications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars representing the field of communications were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Jeremy Bailenson, Patrice Buzzanell, Stanley Deetz, David Tewksbury, Robert J. Thompson, and…

Bailenson, Jeremy; Buzzanell, Patrice; Deetz, Stanley; Tewksbury, David; Thompson, Robert J.; Turow, Joseph; Bichelmeyer, Barbara; Bishop, M. J.; Gayeski, Diane

2013-01-01

226

Non-verbal communication strategies to improve robustness in dialogue systems: a comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the use of embodied conversational agents (ECAs) and their visual communicative ability to improve interaction\\u000a with spoken language dialogue systems (SLDSs) through an experimental case study in the application context of secure access\\u000a by speaker verification followed by remote home automation control. After identifying a set of typical interaction problems\\u000a with SLDSs and associated with each of

David Pardo; Beatriz L. Mencia; Álvaro H. Trapote; Luis Hernández

2009-01-01

227

Service recovery, satisfaction and behaviour intentions: analysis of compensation and social comparison communication strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the marketing literature, there is a great interest in learning how companies should behave after a service failure. From this perspective, different service recovery strategies have been proposed. This experimental study of the airline industry deals with this topic, indicating the benefits of carrying out, after a service failure, a financial compensation and\\/or an explanation based on social comparison.

Rodolfo Vázquez-Casielles; Víctor Iglesias; Concepción Varela-Neira

2012-01-01

228

Service recovery, satisfaction and behaviour intentions: analysis of compensation and social comparison communication strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the marketing literature, there is a great interest in learning how companies should behave after a service failure. From this perspective, different service recovery strategies have been proposed. This experimental study of the airline industry deals with this topic, indicating the benefits of carrying out, after a service failure, a financial compensation and\\/or an explanation based on social comparison.

Rodolfo Vázquez-Casielles; Víctor Iglesias; Concepción Varela-Neira

2011-01-01

229

Strategies for Multicultural Management: Communication and a Common Set of Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 30 years, there has been a shift towards using multicultural strategies. The constant shifts taking place in multi-ethnic, multicultural, and multinational workforces indicate that both administrators of these organizations and higher education practices must evolve to adapt to needs for changing skill sets. In the future,…

Castaneda, Mario E.; Bateh, Justin

2013-01-01

230

The chaotic disturbance of UAV system’s communication and coping strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chaotic disturbance phenomenon will occur in peculiar circumstances to the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system. In this paper, the authors have discussed the condition of this phenomenon, analyzed its causes through the entire environment simulation and the concrete flight practice, and applied the on-line strategy to establish a mathematical model according to the system disturbance factor. A mathematical relation

Liu Lizhao; Liu Yingchao; Huang Zhili; Li Maoqing

2008-01-01

231

Presented at the IEEE Topical Workshop on Power Amplifiers for Wireless Communications, San Diego, CA, September 2002. Broadband linear high power amplifier for base station  

E-print Network

Presented at the IEEE Topical Workshop on Power Amplifiers for Wireless Communications, San Diego, CA, September 2002. Broadband linear high power amplifier for base station Pengcheng Jia, Lee broadband wireless and satellite communication systems call for linear, broadband and high power amplifier

232

Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (32nd, Louisville, KY, 2009). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-second year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. This volume includes papers presented at the national convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology held in Louisville, KY. This…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2009-01-01

233

UAS Conflict-Avoidance Using Multiagent RL with Abstract Strategy Type Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) in the national airspace is of growing interest to the research community. Safety and scalability of control algorithms are key to the successful integration of autonomous system into a human-populated airspace. In order to ensure safety while still maintaining efficient paths of travel, these algorithms must also accommodate heterogeneity of path strategies of its neighbors. We show that, using multiagent RL, we can improve the speed with which conflicts are resolved in cases with up to 80 aircraft within a section of the airspace. In addition, we show that the introduction of abstract agent strategy types to partition the state space is helpful in resolving conflicts, particularly in high congestion.

Rebhuhn, Carrie; Knudson, Matt; Tumer, Kagan

2014-01-01

234

Evidence-based Science Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation will describe a concrete strategy for bridging the gap between the *science* of science communication and the practice of it. In recent years, social scientists have made substantial progress in identifying the psychological influences that shape public receptivity to scientific information relating to climate change and other public policy issues. That work, however, has consisted nearly entirely of laboratory experiments and public opinion surveys; these methods identify general mechanisms of information processing but do not yield concrete prescriptions for communication in field settings. In order to integrate the findings of the science of science communication with the practice of it, field communication must now be made into a meaningful site of science communication research. "Evidence-based science communication" will involve collaborative work between social scientists and practitioners aimed at formulating and testing scientifically informed communication strategies in real-world contexts.

Kahan, D.

2012-12-01

235

Effective Communication for Academic Chairs. SUNY Series in Speech Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 11 contributed papers which examine communication aspects of the department chair position in academia. It is noted that most academic department chairs are not trained in management skills, including communication strategies. After an introductory chapter by Christopher H. Spicer and Ann Q. Staton, the following papers are…

Hickson, Mark, III, Ed.; Stacks, Don W.

236

Communication strategies for angular domain decomposition of transport calculations on message passing multiprocessors  

SciTech Connect

The effect of three communication schemes for solving Arbitrarily High Order Transport (AHOT) methods of the Nodal type on parallel performance is examined via direct measurements and performance models. The target architecture in this study is Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s 128 node Paragon XP/S 5 computer and the parallelization is based on the Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) library. However, the conclusions reached can be easily generalized to a large class of message passing platforms and communication software. The three schemes considered here are: (1) PVM`s global operations (broadcast and reduce) which utilizes the Paragon`s native corresponding operations based on a spanning tree routing; (2) the Bucket algorithm wherein the angular domain decomposition of the mesh sweep is complemented with a spatial domain decomposition of the accumulation process of the scalar flux from the angular flux and the convergence test; (3) a distributed memory version of the Bucket algorithm that pushes the spatial domain decomposition one step farther by actually distributing the fixed source and flux iterates over the memories of the participating processes. Their conclusion is that the Bucket algorithm is the most efficient of the three if all participating processes have sufficient memories to hold the entire problem arrays. Otherwise, the third scheme becomes necessary at an additional cost to speedup and parallel efficiency that is quantifiable via the parallel performance model.

Azmy, Y.Y.

1997-04-01

237

Development of strategies for effective communication of food risks and benefits across Europe: Design and conceptual framework of the FoodRisC project  

PubMed Central

Background European consumers are faced with a myriad of food related risk and benefit information and it is regularly left up to the consumer to interpret these, often conflicting, pieces of information as a coherent message. This conflict is especially apparent in times of food crises and can have major public health implications. Scientific results and risk assessments cannot always be easily communicated into simple guidelines and advice that non-scientists like the public or the media can easily understand especially when there is conflicting, uncertain or complex information about a particular food or aspects thereof. The need for improved strategies and tools for communication about food risks and benefits is therefore paramount. The FoodRisC project ("Food Risk Communication - Perceptions and communication of food risks/benefits across Europe: development of effective communication strategies") aims to address this issue. The FoodRisC project will examine consumer perceptions and investigate how people acquire and use information in food domains in order to develop targeted strategies for food communication across Europe. Methods/Design This project consists of 6 research work packages which, using qualitative and quantitative methodologies, are focused on development of a framework for investigating food risk/benefit issues across Europe, exploration of the role of new and traditional media in food communication and testing of the framework in order to develop evidence based communication strategies and tools. The main outcome of the FoodRisC project will be a toolkit to enable coherent communication of food risk/benefit messages in Europe. The toolkit will integrate theoretical models and new measurement paradigms as well as building on social marketing approaches around consumer segmentation. Use of the toolkit and guides will assist policy makers, food authorities and other end users in developing common approaches to communicating coherent messages to consumers in Europe. Discussion The FoodRisC project offers a unique approach to the investigation of food risk/benefit communication. The effective spread of food risk/benefit information will assist initiatives aimed at reducing the burden of food-related illness and disease, reducing the economic impact of food crises and ensuring that confidence in safe and nutritious food is fostered and maintained in Europe. PMID:21569458

2011-01-01

238

Right to Know, Unicef BiH--Developing a Communication Strategy for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS among Young People through Participatory Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes the process and the findings of a Participatory Action Research (PAR) conducted with young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in 2003, with an aim to develop a communication strategy for the prevention of HIV/AIDS in BiH. The study was initiated and funded as part of a global UNICEF initiative bearing the same name and…

Maglajlic, Reima Ana

2004-01-01

239

Opening the Doors of Communication: A Handbook about Strategies and Implementation of Communication Tools for Your Child. Second Edition. CRC-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication is accomplished in many ways--through gestures, body language, writing, and speaking. Most people communicate verbally, without giving much thought to the process, but others may struggle to effectively communicate with others. The ability to express oneself affects behavior, learning, and sociability. When children are unable to…

PACER Center, 2004

2004-01-01

240

Hazard Communication and Right to Know Training Welcome to the Environmental Health & Safety presentation for New Employee Orientation.  

E-print Network

Hazard Communication and Right to Know Training Slide 1 Welcome to the Environmental Health vehicles, Hazard Communication, Emergency procedures, the FSU Alert System and the University's storm water In this section you will learn about Workers' compensation coverage and reporting workplace injuries. Slide 6

Weston, Ken

241

Psychosocial assessment by phone for high-scoring patients taking the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale: communication pathways and strategies.  

PubMed

The well-documented risks associated with perinatal depression provide a strong argument for universal screening. However, uncertainty about what to do with findings is a significant barrier to implementing screenings where obstetric care is provided. Based on experience with a comprehensive screening program, we describe a protocol for those critical communication pathways that encourage a dynamic phone exchange between a mental health caller and the patient who has scored in the high range on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. In addition, we present guidelines for developing an action plan for addressing intervention needs and closing the feedback loop to the original administrators of the scale. PMID:16292467

Cardone, I A; Kim, J J; Gordon, T E J; Gordon, S M; Silver, R K

2006-03-01

242

Satellite Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a discussion of communication satellites: explains the principles of satellite communication, describes examples of how governments and industries are currently applying communication satellites, analyzes issues confronting satellite communication, links mathematics and science to the study of satellite communication, and applies…

Technology Teacher, 1985

1985-01-01

243

Shorter Communication Strategies for evaluating adherence to sleep restriction treatment for insomnia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The methodology of assessing adherence to sleep restriction therapy for insomnia has received little attention in the empirical literature. The present study proposes and evaluates several approaches to assessing adherence to sleep restriction. We investigated multiple methods of measuring adherence and tested their utility by determining the strength of their association with treatment outcome in a sample of 22 older

Brant W. Riedel; Kenneth L. Lichstein

244

Endogenous voltage gradients as mediators of cell-cell communication: strategies for investigating bioelectrical signals during pattern formation.  

PubMed

Alongside the well-known chemical modes of cell-cell communication, we find an important and powerful system of bioelectrical signaling: changes in the resting voltage potential (Vmem) of the plasma membrane driven by ion channels, pumps and gap junctions. Slow Vmem changes in all cells serve as a highly conserved, information-bearing pathway that regulates cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In embryonic and regenerative pattern formation and in the disorganization of neoplasia, bioelectrical cues serve as mediators of large-scale anatomical polarity, organ identity and positional information. Recent developments have resulted in tools that enable a high-resolution analysis of these biophysical signals and their linkage with upstream and downstream canonical genetic pathways. Here, we provide an overview for the study of bioelectric signaling, focusing on state-of-the-art approaches that use molecular physiology and developmental genetics to probe the roles of bioelectric events functionally. We highlight the logic, strategies and well-developed technologies that any group of researchers can employ to identify and dissect ionic signaling components in their own work and thus to help crack the bioelectric code. The dissection of bioelectric events as instructive signals enabling the orchestration of cell behaviors into large-scale coherent patterning programs will enrich on-going work in diverse areas of biology, as biophysical factors become incorporated into our systems-level understanding of cell interactions. PMID:22350846

Adams, Dany S; Levin, Michael

2013-04-01

245

Endogenous voltage gradients as mediators of cell-cell communication: strategies for investigating bioelectrical signals during pattern formation  

PubMed Central

Alongside the well-known chemical modes of cell-cell communication, we find an important and powerful system of bioelectrical signaling: changes in the resting voltage potential (Vmem) of the plasma membrane driven by ion channels, pumps and gap junctions. Slow Vmem changes in all cells serve as a highly conserved, information-bearing pathway that regulates cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In embryonic and regenerative pattern formation and in the disorganization of neoplasia, bioelectrical cues serve as mediators of large-scale anatomical polarity, organ identity and positional information. Recent developments have resulted in tools that enable a high-resolution analysis of these biophysical signals and their linkage with upstream and downstream canonical genetic pathways. Here, we provide an overview for the study of bioelectric signaling, focusing on state-of-the-art approaches that use molecular physiology and developmental genetics to probe the roles of bioelectric events functionally. We highlight the logic, strategies and well-developed technologies that any group of researchers can employ to identify and dissect ionic signaling components in their own work and thus to help crack the bioelectric code. The dissection of bioelectric events as instructive signals enabling the orchestration of cell behaviors into large-scale coherent patterning programs will enrich on-going work in diverse areas of biology, as biophysical factors become incorporated into our systems-level understanding of cell interactions. PMID:22350846

Adams, Dany S.; Levin, Michael

2013-01-01

246

The Data Management and Communications (DMAC) Strategy for the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data management and communications within the marine environment present great challenges due in equal parts to the variety and complexity of the observations that are involved; the rapidly evolving information technology; and the complex history and relationships among community participants. At present there is no coherent Cyberinfrastructure that effectively integrates these data streams across organizations, disciplines and spatial and temporal scales. The resulting lack of integration of data denies US society important benefits, such as improved climate forecasts and more effective protection of coastal marine ecosystems. Therefore, Congress has directed the US marine science communities to come together to plan, design, and implement a sustained Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS). Central to the vision of the IOOS is a Data Management and Communications (DMAC) Subsystem that joins Federal, regional, state, municipal, academic and commercial partners in a seamless data sharing framework. The design of the DMAC Subsystem is made particularly challenging by three competing factors: 1) The data types to be integrated are heterogeneous and have complex structure; 2) The holdings are physically distributed and widely ranging in size and complexity; and 3) IOOS is a loose federation of many organizations, large and small, lacking a management hierarchy. Designing the DMAC Subsystem goes beyond solving problems of software engineering; the most demanding aspects of the solution lie in community behavior. An overview of the plan for the DMAC Subsystem and an outline of the next steps forward will be described.

Hankin, S.

2004-12-01

247

University Outreach & Engagement: Advancement Communication &  

E-print Network

University Outreach & Engagement: Advancement ­ Communication & Information Strategies Burton A of University Outreach & Engagement How We Are Organized ADVANCEMENT ­ COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION STRATEGIES and events ­ Marketing and public relations ­ Evaluation #12;Advancement ­ Communication and Information

248

Occult cystobiliary communication presenting as postoperative biliary leakage after hydatid liver surgery: Are there significant preoperative clinical predictors?  

PubMed Central

Background Occult cystobiliary communication (CBC) presents with biliary leakage, if the cystobiliary opening cannot be detected and repaired at operation. We investigated the clinical signs associated with the risk of occult CBC in the preoperative period by studying patients who developed biliary leakage after hydatid liver surgery. Methods We analyzed the records of 191 patients treated for hydatid liver cyst. Postoperative biliary leakage developed in 41 patients (21.5%). Independent predictive factors were established by logistic regression analysis using clinical parameters, whose cutoff values were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results Postoperative biliary leakage presented as external biliary fistula in 31 (75.6%) of 41 patients, as biliary peritonitis in 6 (14.6%) and as cyst cavity biliary abscess in 4 (9.8%). Independent clinical predictors of occult CBC, represented by biliary leakage, were alkaline phosphatase > 250 U/L, total bilirubin > 17.1 ?mol/L, direct bilirubin > 6.8 ?mol/L, ?-glutamyl transferase > 34.5 U/L, eosinophils > 0.09 and cyst diameter > 8.5 cm. Multilocular or degenerate cysts increased the risk of biliary leakage (p = 0.012). Postoperative complication rates were 53.7% in the patients with biliary leakage, and 10.0% (p < 0.001) in those without. The mean postoperative hospital stay was longer in patients with biliary leakage (14.3 [and standard deviation {SD} 1.9] d) than in those without (7.3 [SD 2.3] d) (p < 0.001). Nineteen (61.3%) of 31 biliary fistulae closed spontaneously within 10 days. The remaining 12 (38.7%) fistulae closed within 7 days after endoscopic sphincterotomy. Conclusion Factors that predict occult CBC due to hydatid liver cyst were identified. These factors should allow the likelihood of CBC to be determined and, thus, indicate the need for additional procedures during operation to prevent the complications of biliary leakage. PMID:16749978

Demircan, Orhan; Baymus, Mustafa; Seydaoglu, Gülsah; Akinoglu, Alper; Sakman, Gürhan

2006-01-01

249

Run-time mapping and communication strategies for Homogeneous NoC-Based MPSoCs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiprocessor systems-on-chip are becoming increasingly popular in embedded systems for the high degree of performance and flexibility they permit. While most MPSoCs are today highly heterogeneous for better fitting the target applications, homogeneous systems may become in a near future a viable alternative bringing other benefits such as run-time load balancing, high performance and low power consumption. The work presented

Gilles Sassatelli; Nicolas Saint-jean; Pascal Benoit; Lionel Torres; Michel Robert; Cristiane R. Woszezenki; Ismael Augusto Grehs; Fernando Gehm Moraes

2007-01-01

250

Seeking Informed Consent to Phase I Cancer Clinical Trials: Identifying Oncologists' Communication Strategies. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

The authors identified inadequate communication styles for each of the themes and provided suggestions for improving the quality of communication. The major concerns were paternalistic approach to decision making and use of persuasive language.

251

Internship/Co-op Syllabus Course Business Communication Adding More Value to Your Internship "Success Strategies for  

E-print Network

communicator in the workplace. You will find that you can leverage these `tactics' to make you stronger readers' and listeners' interest in business settings. Here is where workplace communication techniques1 Internship/Co-op Syllabus Course Business Communication ­ Adding More Value to Your Internship

Lin, Xiaodong

252

Case studies of IT sophistication in nursing homes: A mixed method approach to examine communication strategies about pressure ulcer  

E-print Network

Available online xxx Keywords: Nursing homes Health information technology Workflow Communication Pressure communication and risk assessment practices to improve resident outcomes in nursing homes. Thus, the overall aim of this study was to evaluate how differences in IT sophistication in nursing homes impact communication and use

He, Zhihai "Henry"

253

Use of the quasi-experimental sequential cohort design in the Study of Patient-Nurse Effectiveness with Assisted Communication Strategies (SPEACS).  

PubMed

This paper describes a quasi-experimental three-phase sequential cohort design used in the Study of Patient-Nurse Effectiveness with Assisted Communication Strategies (SPEACS) to test two interventions to improve nurse-patient communication in the intensive care unit (ICU). The sample consists of 10 nurses and 30 nonspeaking ICU patients in each phase (total n=90 nurse-patient dyads). Observational techniques (video recording, transcription, and rating) measure nurse-patient communication performance. Descriptive and covariate data are collected through clinical assessment tools, questionnaires, and field notes. We discuss the practical and scientific considerations in constructing and implementing this type of clinical trial. Specifically, primary threats to validity, history and the Hawthorne effect, are considered and efforts to minimize and track these potential threats are described. PMID:18585481

Happ, Mary Beth; Sereika, Susan; Garrett, Kathryn; Tate, Judith

2008-09-01

254

Development of novel microstrip antennas for use in mobile and wireless communication systems at Jadavpur University in the present decade  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microstrip technology has received special importance in the domain of mobile and wireless communications because of its numerous advantages like small size, light weight, polarization versatility and others. However, it still suffers from limitations in terms of several useful parameters like band width, power handling capacity etc. Researches at Jadavpur University by the authors focussed on improving the technology throughout

Samik Chakraborty; Bhaskar Gupta

2007-01-01

255

Communication SEGMENTATION ET STRATEGIES  

E-print Network

croisee des concepts de pyramide economique et d'acculturation AGNES BOUTIN ET CHARLOTTE GASTON-BRETON L'appuvant principalement sur I'existence d'un decoupage pyramidal selon les revenus et de phenomenes d'acculturation des

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (30th, Anaheim, California, 2007). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirtieth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2007-01-01

257

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (29th, Dallas, Texas, 2006). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the twenty-ninth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.; Crawford, Margaret, Ed.

2006-01-01

258

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (30th, Anaheim, California, 2007). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirtieth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2007-01-01

259

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (33rd, Anaheim, California, 2010). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-third year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2010-01-01

260

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (28th, Orlando, Florida, 2005). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the twenty-eighth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.; Crawford, Margaret, Ed.

2005-01-01

261

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2013-01-01

262

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2012-01-01

263

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2012-01-01

264

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2013-01-01

265

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (32nd, Louisville, KY, 2009). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-second year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2009-01-01

266

Teacher Strategies for Effective Intervention with Students Presenting Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties: Implications for Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper some key practice and policy implications emerging from a review of literature on effective teacher strategies for social, emotional and behavioural difficulties are set out. Particular attention is given to implications in relation to the development of teachers' skills.

Cooper, Paul

2011-01-01

267

An Investigation of Communication Patterns and Strategies between International Teaching Assistants and Undergraduate Students in University-level Science Labs.  

E-print Network

??Investigates communication between international teaching assistants and their undergraduate students in university-level chemistry labs. Qualitative and quantitative data from observations and interviews with study participants… (more)

Gourlay, Barbara Elas

2008-01-01

268

Local, regional and large scale integrated networks: Volume 1. Large networks for defense communications: Strategies, performance measures and cost trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigations into local, regional, and large scale packet switched network cost and performance for Defense Department communications are summarized. The issues examined include: (1) alternative large network architectures; (2) performance evaluation criteria; (3) formulation of the large network design problem; (4) defense communication requirements; (5) local access network tradeoffs; (6) backbone and total network performance and cost characteristics; and (7)

H. Frank; I. Gitman; R. Vanslyke

1976-01-01

269

Using Implementation and Program Theory to Examine Communication Strategies in National Wildlife Federation's Backyard Wildlife Habitat Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our evaluative approach used implementation theory and program theory, adapted from Weiss (1998) to examine communication processes and results for a national wildlife habitat stewardship education program. Using a mail survey of 1427 participants certified in National Wildlife Federation's (NWF) Backyard Wildlife Habitat (BWH) program and a study of participants at a BWH workshop in Michigan, we examined the communication

Dain Palmer; Shari L. Dann

2004-01-01

270

Priorities and Strategies for the Implementation of Integrated Informatics and Communications Technology to Improve Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. health care system is one of the world's most advanced systems. Yet, the health care system suffers from unexplained practice variations, major gaps be- tween evidence and practice, and suboptimal quality. Although information processing, communication, and management are key to health care delivery and con- siderable evidence links information\\/communication technology (IT) to improvements in patient safety and quality

Bradley N. Doebbeling; Ann F. Chou; William M. Tierney

2006-01-01

271

Making the Most of Early Communication: Strategies for Supporting Communication with Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers Whose Multiple Disabilities Include Vision and Hearing Loss. [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 37-minute videotape recording demonstrates selected interventions to assist infants and toddlers with multiple disabilities, including vision and hearing loss, in developing early communication and other skills. Emphasizing the critical importance of early intervention, the video is designed to help service providers and families create…

Chen, Deborah; Schachter, Pamela Haag

272

Anti-Streptococcal activity of Brazilian Amazon Rain Forest plant extracts presents potential for preventive strategies against dental caries  

PubMed Central

Caries is a global public health problem, whose control requires the introduction of low-cost treatments, such as strong prevention strategies, minimally invasive techniques and chemical prevention agents. Nature plays an important role as a source of new antibacterial substances that can be used in the prevention of caries, and Brazil is the richest country in terms of biodiversity. Objective In this study, the disk diffusion method (DDM) was used to screen over 2,000 Brazilian Amazon plant extracts against Streptococcus mutans. Material and Methods Seventeen active plant extracts were identified and fractionated. Extracts and their fractions, obtained by liquid-liquid partition, were tested in the DDM assay and in the microdilution broth assay (MBA) to determine their minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs). The extracts were also subjected to antioxidant analysis by thin layer chromatography. Results EB271, obtained from Casearia spruceana, showed significant activity against the bacterium in the DDM assay (20.67±0.52 mm), as did EB1129, obtained from Psychotria sp. (Rubiaceae) (15.04±2.29 mm). EB1493, obtained from Ipomoea alba, was the only extract to show strong activity against Streptococcus mutans (0.08 mg/mLstrategies to treat caries. PMID:24676578

da SILVA, Juliana Paola Corręa; de CASTILHO, Adriana Lígia; SARACENI, Cíntia Helena Couri; DÍAZ, Ingrit Elida Collantes; PACIĘNCIA, Mateus Luís Barradas; SUFFREDINI, Ivana Barbosa

2014-01-01

273

Development and Comparison Between Resource Allocation Strategies Based on Intelligent Scheme and Traditional Distributed Dynamic Resource Allocation Strategies in Mobile Communication Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The third generation of mobile communication aims to transmit not only voice and text but also videos and multimedia data.\\u000a Furthermore, in the future it is expected to involve web browsing, file transfer, and database access. This requires wireless\\u000a cellular networks to efficiently support packet data traffic. Therefore, challenge in the design of wireless networks is to\\u000a support both voice

Jamal Raiyn

2007-01-01

274

Creating and communicating organizational change  

SciTech Connect

In order to improve utility performance, a sound theoretical model or framework for improvement is needed. Second, and equally important but often overlooked, is the need to develop a plan and method for communicating the model to all employees in the organization. The plan should then be communicated in an easily understood way. This paper presents an organization improvement model which combines business requirements, business results, culture, and strategy.

Cripe, E.J.

1993-03-15

275

An investigation of communication patterns and strategies between international teaching assistants and undergraduate students in university-level science labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research project investigates communication between international teaching assistants and their undergraduate students in university-level chemistry labs. During the fall semester, introductory-level chemistry lab sections of three experienced non-native speaking teaching assistants and their undergraduate students were observed. Digital audio and video recordings documented fifteen hours of lab communication, focusing on the activities and interactions in the first hour of the chemistry laboratory sessions. In follow-up one-on-one semi-structured interviews, the participants (undergraduates, teaching assistants, and faculty member) reviewed interactions and responded to a 10-item, 7-point Likert-scaled interview. Interactions were classified into success categories based on participants' opinions. Quantitative and qualitative data from the observations and interviews guided the analysis of the laboratory interactions, which examined patterns of conversational listening. Analysis of laboratory communication reveals that undergraduates initiated nearly two-thirds of laboratory communication, with three-fourths of interactions less than 30 seconds in duration. Issues of gender and topics of interaction activity were also explored. Interview data identified that successful undergraduate-teaching assistant communication in interactive science labs depends on teaching assistant listening comprehension skills to interpret and respond successfully to undergraduate questions. Successful communication in the chemistry lab depended on the coordination of visual and verbal sources of information. Teaching assistant responses that included explanations and elaborations were also seen as positive features in the communicative exchanges. Interaction analysis focusing on the listening comprehension demands placed on international teaching assistants revealed that undergraduate-initiated questions often employ deixis (exophoric reference), requiring teaching assistants to demonstrate skills at disambiguating undergraduate discourse. Interaction analysis reinforced that successful undergraduate-teaching assistant communication depends on the coordination of verbal and visual channels of communication, with the physical objects of the chemistry lab environment playing a pivotal role in expressing information and in mutual understanding. These results have implications for the evaluation of English proficiency and the preparation of non-native speaking teaching assistants by pointing out that teaching assistant listening comprehension skills and the use of contextual artifacts contribute to successful communication and are areas that, to date, have been underrepresented in the research literature on international teaching assistant communication.

Gourlay, Barbara Elas

276

Development of behaviour change communication strategy for a vaccination-linked malaria control tool in southern Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infants (IPTi) using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and linked to the expanded programme on immunization (EPI) is a promising strategy for malaria control in young children. As evidence grows on the efficacy of IPTi as public health strategy, information is needed so that this novel control tool can be put into practice promptly, once a policy

Adiel K Mushi; Joanna Schellenberg; Mwifadhi Mrisho; Fatuma Manzi; Conrad Mbuya; Haji Mponda; Hassan Mshinda; Marcel Tanner; Pedro Alonso; Robert Pool; David Schellenberg

2008-01-01

277

Fan-In Communications On A Cray Gemini Interconnect  

SciTech Connect

Using the Cray Gemini interconnect as our platform, we present a study of an important class of communication operations the fan-in communication pattern. By its nature, fan-in communications form hot spots that present significant challenges for any interconnect fabric and communication software stack. Yet despite the inherent challenges, these communication patterns are common in both applications (which often perform reductions and other collective operations that include fan-in communication such as barriers) and system software (where they assume an important role within parallel file systems and other components requiring high-bandwidth or low-latency I/O). Our study determines the effectiveness of differing clientserver fan-in strategies. We describe fan-in performance in terms of aggregate bandwidth in the presence of varying degrees of congestion, as well as several other key attributes. Comparison numbers are presented for the Cray Aries interconnect. Finally, we provide recommended communication strategies based on our findings.

Jones, Terry R [ORNL] [ORNL; Settlemyer, Bradley W [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01

278

Formative research and development of an evidence-based communication strategy: the introduction of Vi typhoid fever vaccine among school-aged children in Karachi, Pakistan.  

PubMed

The authors conducted formative research (a) to identify stakeholders' concerns related to typhoid fever and the need for disease information and (b) to develop a communication strategy to inform stakeholders and address their concerns and motivate for support of a school-based vaccination program in Pakistan. Data were collected during interactive and semi-structured focus group discussions and interviews, followed by a qualitative analysis and multidisciplinary consultative process to identify an effective social mobilization strategy comprised of relevant media channels and messages. The authors conducted 14 focus group discussions with the parents of school-aged children and their teachers, and 13 individual interviews with school, religious, and political leaders. Parents thought that typhoid fever was a dangerous disease, but were unsure of their children's risk. They were interested in vaccination and were comfortable with a school-based vaccination if conducted under the supervision of trained and qualified staff. Teachers and leaders needed information on typhoid fever, the vaccine, procedures, and sponsors of the vaccination program. Meetings were considered the best form of information dissemination, followed by printed materials and mass media. This study shows how qualitative research findings can be translated into an effective social mobilization and communication approach. The findings of the research indicated the importance of increasing awareness of typhoid fever and the benefits of vaccination against the disease. Identification and dissemination of relevant, community-based disease and vaccination information will increase demand and use of vaccination. PMID:23330632

Pach, Alfred; Tabbusam, Ghurnata; Khan, M Imran; Suhag, Zamir; Hussain, Imtiaz; Hussain, Ejaz; Mumtaz, Uzma; Haq, Inam Ul; Tahir, Rehman; Mirani, Amjad; Yousafzai, Aisha; Sahastrabuddhe, Sushant; Ochiai, R Leon; Soofi, Sajid; Clemens, John D; Favorov, Michael O; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A

2013-01-01

279

A Randomized Trial Comparison of the Effects of Verbal and Pictorial Naturalistic Communication Strategies on Spoken Language for Young Children with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presently there is no consensus on the specific behavioral treatment of choice for targeting language in young nonverbal children with autism. This randomized clinical trial compared the effectiveness of a verbally-based intervention, Pivotal Response Training (PRT) to a pictorially-based behavioral intervention, the Picture Exchange Communication

Schreibman, Laura; Stahmer, Aubyn C.

2014-01-01

280

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. XX, NO. XX, MONTH 2013 1 Dynamic Base Station Switching-on/off Strategies  

E-print Network

, this also brings ever-increasing energy consumptions and carbon footprint to the mobile communications is the internationally recognized measure of greenhouse emissions. When an organization calculates its greenhouse in a metropolitan urban area, and are averaged over 30 minute time-scale. overall ICT footprint will less than

Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

281

A randomized trial comparison of the effects of verbal and pictorial naturalistic communication strategies on spoken language for young children with autism.  

PubMed

Presently there is no consensus on the specific behavioral treatment of choice for targeting language in young nonverbal children with autism. This randomized clinical trial compared the effectiveness of a verbally-based intervention, Pivotal Response Training (PRT) to a pictorially-based behavioral intervention, the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) on the acquisition of spoken language by young (2-4 years), nonverbal or minimally verbal (?9 words) children with autism. Thirty-nine children were randomly assigned to either the PRT or PECS condition. Participants received on average 247 h of intervention across 23 weeks. Dependent measures included overall communication, expressive vocabulary, pictorial communication and parent satisfaction. Children in both intervention groups demonstrated increases in spoken language skills, with no significant difference between the two conditions. Seventy-eight percent of all children exited the program with more than 10 functional words. Parents were very satisfied with both programs but indicated PECS was more difficult to implement. PMID:24272416

Schreibman, Laura; Stahmer, Aubyn C

2014-05-01

282

The Effective Presentation of Inquiry-Based Classroom Experiments Using Teaching Strategies that Employ Video and Demonstration Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted in the light of the philosophical framework of inquiry-based science education. The research involved the presentation of experiments on basic science concepts that have been tested for validity through inquiry-based processes. The experiments were formulated firstly to determine what differences there would be in student…

Sever, Songul; Oguz-Unver, Ayse; Yurumezoglu, Kemal

2013-01-01

283

Analysis and correction techniques of Doppler shift for non-geosynchronous communication satellites  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental and theoretical study of Doppler correction strategies for elliptical orbit satellite communications is presented. The estimation and correction of this Doppler frequency shift, which otherwise would impair the operation of the communication system, are considered. Exact analytical expressions for Doppler shift and elevation angle as a function of perigee time of the ground station are discussed. Various strategies

Enric Vilar; John Austin

1991-01-01

284

Media communication strategies for climate-friendly lifestyles - Addressing middle and lower class consumers for social-cultural change via Entertainment-Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper argues that Entertainment-Education (E-E) is a striking communication strategy for reaching middle and lower socio-economic classes with climate-friendly lifestyle messages. On the international level (e.g. in the US and the Netherlands) E-E approaches are being theoretically grounded, whereas in Germany they are not yet. Therefore further theoretical discussion and mapping of E-E approaches is central for future research. As a first step towards providing further theoretical foundations for E-E in the field of sustainability, the authors suggest a threefold mapping of E-E approaches. The threefold mapping of E-E approaches for communicating climate-friendly lifestyles to middle and lower class consumers is based on recent results from academic research and practical developments on the media market. The commonalities among the three is that they all promote pro-sustainability messages in an affective-orientated rather than cognitive-orientated, factual manner. Differences can be found in: the sender of the sustainability message, the targeted consumer groups and the media approach in use. Based on this, the paper draws the conclusion that two new paths for further research activities in the field of Entertainment-Education can be proposed: (1) Improving the existing approaches in practice by using theoretical foundation from the E-E field. This comprises at its core (A) to do formative, process and summative effect research on the messages and (B) to use E-E theory from the field of social psychology, sociology and communication science for further improvement and (2) Generating new E-E theories by analyzing the existing practical approaches in the media to communicate climate change.

Lubjuhn, S.; Pratt, N.

2009-11-01

285

Communication in Corporate Settings: Trends for the 21st Century--The Effect of Presentation Skills Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of increased competition and a need for retaining and retraining valued employee in a shrinking industrial labor pool, there is a growing need for presentation skills training. Analysis of theories of adult learning, training styles, training formats, and practical experience in the field suggests that the most effective training format…

Ray, Rebecca L.

286

AAC Strategies for Young Children with Visual Impairment and Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses issues central to communicative/cognitive development in children with visual impairments who also have other disabilities, and presents a multi-modal model of augmentative alternative communication delivery that includes tangible symbols, language input strategies, voice output communication devices, software programs with…

Goldware, Marjorie; Silver, Marsha

287

Freed, Karen. Working with Augmentative Communication Users: A Training Handbook for Mental Health Practitioners. Paper presented at the 2009 Clinical AAC Research Conference in Pittsburgh, PA. Working with Augmentative Communication Users: A Training Handbook for Mental Health Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some individuals with disabilities are unable to speak, and require alternative means or devices to communicate; these devices are called alternative and augmentative communication (AAC). There is a need for increased understanding and knowledge in the area of providing counseling services to individuals who use alternative and\\/or augmentative communication. Due to the intricacies and communication dynamics, mental health practitioners who

Karen Freed

288

Brief communication: The size of the human frontal sinuses in adults presenting complete persistence of the metopic suture.  

PubMed

The notion of absence of the frontal sinuses in human individuals presenting a persistence of the metopic suture is considered as classical in many treatises of reference; however, precise studies are very rare and even controversial. The purpose of this study was thus to provide original data to confirm or refute this classical affirmation with the perspective of some original insights into biological significance of the frontal sinuses and the factors influencing their exceptional polymorphism. The material consisted of 143 dry skulls of adult individuals (European Homo sapiens), distributed in two groups: 80 skulls presenting a complete frontal closure with total disappearance of the metopic suture, and 63 skulls presenting a complete persistence of the metopic suture. Each skull was radiographed in oblique projection using the occipitomental view. A simple morphological quantification of the sinus size was defined with four categories: (1) aplasia, (2) hypoplasia, (3) medium size, (4) hyperplasia. Statistically significant difference in frontal sinusal size was found between both groups of skulls. Absent and small sinuses were considerably more frequent in skulls with persistence of the metopic suture (57.9 vs. 11.9%): small frontal sinuses (hypoplasia) were much more frequent (50.8 vs. 9.4%), although the frequency of absence of frontal sinuses (aplasia) was only slightly higher (7.1 vs. 2.5%). PMID:24888448

Guerram, Amine; Le Minor, Jean-Marie; Renger, Stéphane; Bierry, Guillaume

2014-08-01

289

Understanding the Picture Exchange Communication System and Its Application in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and its applications in physical education. The PECS is an appropriate communication intervention for students with autism who lack functional communication skills. It is often confused with other visual support strategies, so the authors delineate the six phases of PECS and…

Green, Amanda; Sandt, Dawn

2013-01-01

290

Building Instructional Design Credibility through Communication Competency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses communication skills in instructional design. Highlights include academic preparation; a communication model that includes data, feelings, and credibility; communication with the employer, the client, and peers; and strategies for improving communication, including partnerships with businesses, internships, collaboration with other…

Summers, Laura; Lohr, Linda; O'Neil, Colleen

2002-01-01

291

Fluid-Structure Interactions of the Mitral Valve and Left Heart: Comprehensive Strategies, Past, Present and Future  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The remodeling that occurs after a posterolateral myocardial infarction can alter mitral valve function by creating conformational abnormalities in the mitral annulus and in the posteromedial papillary muscle, leading to mitral regurgitation (MR). It is generally assumed that this remodeling is caused by a volume load and is mediated by an increase in diastolic wall stress. Thus, mitral regurgitation can be both the cause and effect of an abnormal cardiac stress environment. Computational modeling of ischemic MR and its surgical correction is attractive because it enables an examination of whether a given intervention addresses the correction of regurgitation (fluid-flow) at the cost of abnormal tissue stress. This is significant because the negative effects of an increased wall stress due to the intervention will only be evident over time. However, a meaningful fluid-structure interaction model of the left heart is not trivial; it requires a careful characterization of the in-vivo cardiac geometry, tissue parameterization though inverse analysis, a robust coupled solver that handles collapsing Lagrangian interfaces, automatic grid-generation algorithms that are capable of accurately discretizing the cardiac geometry, innovations in image analysis, competent and efficient constitutive models and an understanding of the spatial organization of tissue microstructure. In this manuscript, we profile our work toward a comprehensive fluid-structure interaction model of the left heart by reviewing our early work, presenting our current work and laying out our future work in four broad categories: data collection, geometry, fluid-structure interaction and validation. PMID:20454531

Einstein, Daniel R.; Del Pin, Facundo; Jiao, Xiangmin; Kuprat, Andrew P.; Carson, James P.; Kunzelman, Karyn S.; Cochran, Richard P.; Guccione, Julius M.; Ratcliffe, Mark B.

2009-01-01

292

Extensive Central Nervous System Cryptococcal Disease Presenting as Immune Reconstitution Syndrome in a Patient with Advanced HIV: Report of a Case and Review of Management Dilemmas and Strategies  

PubMed Central

One of the complications of the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART), immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), is particularly problematic in the management of cryptococcal meningitis. We present the case of a 35-year-old male with acquired immune deficiency syndrome diagnosed with extensive central nervous system (CNS) cryptococcal disease, including meningitis and multiple intracranial cysts, diagnosed eight weeks after the initiation of ART. The patient experienced a relapsing and remitting clinical course despite repeated courses of potent antifungal therapy and aggressive management of raised intracranial pressure. This review highlights therapeutic dilemmas and strategies in the management of CNS cryptococcosis complicated with IRIS and highlights gaps in available treatment guidelines. PMID:25568756

Ogbuagu, Onyema; Villanueva, Merceditas

2014-01-01

293

The role of infections in the emergence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs): Compelling needs for novel strategies in the developing world.  

PubMed

The emergence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) follows multiple aetiological pathways requiring recognition for effective control and prevention. Infections are proving to be conventional, emerging and re-emerging aetiological factors for many NCDs. This review explores the possible mechanisms by which infections induce NCDs citing examples of studies in Africa and elsewhere where NCDs and infections are proposed or confirmed to be causally linked and also discusses the implications and challenges of these observations for science and medicine. The need to re-evaluate and expand early community and individual preventive and control strategies that will lead to reduction and even elimination of NCDs especially in Africa and other developing countries where infections are prevalent is highlighted. PMID:20701857

Ogoina, Dimie; Onyemelukwe, Geofrey C

2009-01-01

294

Communicating marine reserve science to diverse audiences  

PubMed Central

As human impacts cause ecosystem-wide changes in the oceans, the need to protect and restore marine resources has led to increasing calls for and establishment of marine reserves. Scientific information about marine reserves has multiplied over the last decade, providing useful knowledge about this tool for resource users, managers, policy makers, and the general public. This information must be conveyed to nonscientists in a nontechnical, credible, and neutral format, but most scientists are not trained to communicate in this style or to develop effective strategies for sharing their scientific knowledge. Here, we present a case study from California, in which communicating scientific information during the process to establish marine reserves in the Channel Islands and along the California mainland coast expanded into an international communication effort. We discuss how to develop a strategy for communicating marine reserve science to diverse audiences and highlight the influence that effective science communication can have in discussions about marine management. PMID:20427745

Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten; Lester, Sarah E.; Airamé, Satie; Neeley, Elizabeth; Gaines, Steven D.

2010-01-01

295

Global brand market-entry strategy to manage corporate reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present a case for the practical management of corporate reputation, in relation to two groups of concepts: communication, identity, and trust; and communication, identity, and image. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A review of the current knowledge of corporate reputation, personality, identity, and image leads to development of a strategy framework to enhance\\/protect corporate reputation. A case

Maktoba Omar; Robert L. Williams Jr; David Lingelbach

2009-01-01

296

The Mid-South Conference on Communicative Disorders is presented annually by The University of Memphis Chapter of the National Student Speech-Language-Hearing Association (NSSLHA). This Conference is designed to provide both professionals and students  

E-print Network

at The University of Nebraska as well as the Augmentative and Alternative Communi- cation (AAC) Clinical Director#12;The Mid-South Conference on Communicative Disorders is presented annually by The University with communicative disorders. After last year's successful Conference, we are again delighted to host Mid

Dasgupta, Dipankar

297

Fostering Information and Communication Technology Literacy: Insights from Telecommunications Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author argues that the rapid growth of information and communication technologies and an increasingly complex global environment have brought about the need for information and communication technology (ICT) literacy, the ability to use information technology effectively and evaluate its role in society critically. She presents a strategy for…

Winter, Jenifer S.

2007-01-01

298

Multitouch Games Based on Collaboration Patterns to Encourage Communication and  

E-print Network

as interaction restrictive strategies with objects in a collaborative interface to encourage communicationMultitouch Games Based on Collaboration Patterns to Encourage Communication and Social Interaction Janeiro, Brazil {gcalpa,pribeiro,abraposo}@inf.puc-rio.br Abstract. We present the design and evaluation

Barbosa, Alberto

299

Selecting, Presenting, and Practicing Vocabulary in a Culturally-Authentic Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criteria for the selection and presentation of vocabulary in current teaching materials are discussed, and alternative strategies are suggested that more closely reflect the goals of communicative criteria. Sample vocabulary exercises are included. (25 references) (Author/LB)

Spinelli, Emily; Siskin, H. Jay

1992-01-01

300

Urge-Specific and Lifestyle Coping Strategies of Alcoholics: Relationships of Specific Strategies to Treatment Outcome  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND The present study examined the efficacy of various specific lifestyle and situation-specific coping skills by determining the relationship of each of these strategies to drinking outcomes. METHODS Patients with alcohol dependence in intensive day treatment were participating in a randomized trial naltrexone versus placebo and adjunctive communication and coping skills training or a control treatment. The alcohol version of the Urge-Specific Strategies (USS) questionnaire and the General Strategies for Alcoholics (GSA) were administered early in treatment. The USS assesses 16 situation-specific strategies taught in cue exposure treatment, communication skills training, or relaxation/meditation training to cope with experiencing an urge to drink (e.g., think of positive and negative consequences of drinking, use mastery messages, engage in an alternative behavior); the 21-item GSA assesses lifestyle change strategies taught in communication skills training and in the general treatment program (e.g., keep busy, exercise regularly, attend 12-Step meetings, avoid high-risk situations). Alcohol use and frequency of use of the skills were assessed 6 and 12 months following treatment. RESULTS Many specific behavioral and cognitive coping strategies were significantly related to drinking outcomes, including 13 urge-specific and 18 general lifestyle strategies, while other strategies were unrelated. CONCLUSIONS Since some strategies taught in treatment are more effective in preventing relapse than others, treatment may be improved by focusing on these specific strategies. Since results may be limited to this population, replication is needed in more diverse settings and without medication. PMID:22898437

Dolan, Sara L.; Rohsenow, Damaris J.; Martin, Rosemarie A.; Monti, Peter M.

2012-01-01

301

The Effect of Using a Program Based on Cooperative Learning Strategy on Developing some Oral Communication Skills of Students, at English Department, Faculty of Education, Sana'a University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of study is to investigate the effective of using a cooperative learning strategy STAD-based program on developing some oral communication skills of second level students, English Department, Faculty of Education, Sana'a University. Based on literature review, related studies and a panel of jury members' point of view, a list of 5 oral…

Zuheer, Khaled Mohsen Mohammed

2008-01-01

302

Comparing Effects of Different Cinematic Visualization Strategies on Viewer Comprehension  

E-print Network

communication of stories. The evaluation of effectiveness of these systems, if any, has focused mainly strategies on viewer comprehension of stories. In particular, an evaluation of automatically generated strategies is presented. The methodology used in the empirical evaluation is based on QUEST, a cognitive

Flanagan, Cormac

303

Age associated communication between cells and matrix: a potential impact on stem cell-based tissue regeneration strategies.  

PubMed

A recent paper demonstrated that decellularized extracellular matrix (DECM) deposited by synovium-derived stem cells (SDSCs), especially from fetal donors, could rejuvenate human adult SDSCs in both proliferation and chondrogenic potential, in which expanded cells and corresponding culture substrate (such as DECM) were found to share a mutual reaction in both elasticity and protein profiles (see ref. (1) ). It seems that young DECM may assist in the development of culture strategies that optimize proliferation and maintain "stemness" of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), helping to overcome one of the primary difficulties in MSC-based regenerative therapies. In this paper, the effects of age on the proliferative capacity and differentiation potential of MSCs are reviewed, along with the ability of DECM from young cells to rejuvenate old cells. In an effort to highlight some of the potential molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon, we discuss age-related changes to extracellular matrix (ECM)'s physical properties and chemical composition. PMID:25482504

Lynch, Kevin; Pei, Ming

2014-07-01

304

Strategies of the honeybee Apis mellifera during visual search for vertical targets presented at various heights: a role for spatial attention?  

PubMed Central

When honeybees are presented with a colour discrimination task, they tend to choose swiftly and accurately when objects are presented in the ventral part of their frontal visual field. In contrast, poor performance is observed when objects appear in the dorsal part. Here we investigate if this asymmetry is caused by fixed search patterns or if bees can use alternative search mechanisms such as spatial attention, which allows flexible focusing on different areas of the visual field. We asked individual honeybees to choose an orange rewarded target among blue distractors. Target and distractors were presented in the ventral visual field, the dorsal field or both. Bees presented with targets in the ventral visual field consistently had the highest search efficiency, with rapid decisions, high accuracy and direct flight paths. In contrast, search performance for dorsally located targets was inaccurate and slow at the beginning of the test phase, but bees increased their search performance significantly after a few learning trials: they found the target faster, made fewer errors and flew in a straight line towards the target. However, bees needed thrice as long to improve the search for a dorsally located target when the target’s position changed randomly between the ventral and the dorsal visual field. We propose that honeybees form expectations of the location of the target’s appearance and adapt their search strategy accordingly. Different possible mechanisms of this behavioural adaptation are discussed. PMID:25254109

Morawetz, Linde; Chittka, Lars; Spaethe, Johannes

2014-01-01

305

The Picture Exchange Communication System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of strategies have been used to help children with autism acquire functional communication skills. The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a unique communication training program that was developed as a means of circumventing some shortcomings associatd with these strategies. A description of the steps within PECS is provided. Long-term group data have indicated that a large proportion

Andrew S. Bondy; Lori A. Frost

1994-01-01

306

Technology enabled re-engineering : a business strategy for advancing Bangladesh  

E-print Network

A strategy is presented to rapidly advance a developing nation utilizing the power of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). A banking institution is chosen to be the anchor tenant to spread ICT. A radical ...

Hasan, Abdullah

2003-01-01

307

Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (33rd, Anaheim, California, 2010). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-third year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. This is Volume #2 of the 33rd "Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology." This volume includes papers…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2010-01-01

308

Anthropogenic versus natural processes and pollution in Padana Valley in last years involving new communication/policy strategies and ethical issues in research evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smart grids-Smat cities "fashion" requires management plans of highly urbanized areas located over the Padanian floodplain, which are prone to diffuse pollution of both lands and urban sectors, mostly after the disasters caused by tremendous alluvial rains in January 2014, when shallow aquifers and agricultural matters could have increase pollution over wide territory. Moreover the urban expansion has affected areas previously used for industrial activity and in some cases such for landfills. When the loss of memory of previous activity prevails after urbanization, with health issues, ethical questions are inevitable, accompanied by social conflicts and economic impacts. The alluvial plains of active tectonic areas - as the Padania Valley - in additions to widespread "anthropogenic pollution" is suffering from widespread "natural pollution" of deep fluid sources - mainly methane - corresponding to areas prone to uprising gaseous brines, along faults. Some of them were partially activated during the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence. This noteworthy seismic sequence engaged discussion about the possible role of gas storages and hydrocarbons production or the simple/exploring drilling activity to trigger typical tectonic seismicity. The paper deepen this troubled communication strategy, their gaps and peculiar geopolicy case histories, to avoid the same strategy, in the future. On the other hand, gas burst or brine-gas-contamination in shallow aquifers, soils and indoor, should be studied by simple and cheap methods, by deepening stratigraphic gaps for the tectonics effects on sedimentation: natural processes should be recalled prior to recall anthropogenic causes, if any. Policy should be more responsible in state clearly the role of research in study infrastructures/processes, also when engaged by private companies, for sites selected by ministries mostly to star research: relevant gaps involves serious confusion in the public as regards responsibility and an exact reconstruction of the true facts. Moreover these areas are affected by natural enrichment in heavy metals and toxic elements harmful to the health: geochemical surveying may allow both to recognize issues of diffuse "natural pollution" and to identify markers and tracers able to discriminate among anthropogenic and natural anomalies by geochemical methods mostly. The discovery of pollution emergency poses the problem of how to share to the public scientific data, avoiding that communication produces alarmism or persecution for the involved researchers, as occurred in the past. When diffuse pollution is linked to natural causes which can be defined as transient that precede potential gas-burst disasters, the risk communication by researchers not always meets sufficient support from those who are responsible for the administration of the territory, being afraid to lose the political consensus. Conflicts of interest in promoting certain non urgent research should be highlighted readily and clearly. This is one of the main cause of low resources devoted to the study of transient geochemical contamination in shallow aquifers, which could be useful for seismotectonic research too. A discussion about: i) intellectual property & equal opportunity for all Earth Science researchers to have access to the public research calls (MIUR, MATT MSE Ministries); ii) about the critical research on some short-term hazards, which penalized the researchers in terms of scientific productivity and career was opened by the paper, suggesting new research evaluation indicators -ethical ones- than Impact Factor only.

Quattrocchi, Fedora; Vaccaro, Carmela; Boschi, Enzo

2014-05-01

309

Video Communication Networks Dan Schonfeld  

E-print Network

Video Communication Networks Dan Schonfeld Multimedia Communications Laboratory Department Chicago, IL 60607-7053 ds@ece.uic.edu Abstract In this presentation, a broad overview of video communication networks is provided. Numerous video communication applications are currently being developed

Schonfeld, Dan

310

Operational risks, bidding strategies and information policies in restructured power markets 1 Paper presented at Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, January 6–9, 1998. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced analytical tools are enabling the estimation of new measures of operational reliability in power systems. In bid-based and bilateral contract markets, these estimates provide valuable information to market participants. Such information improves market efficiency through more informed decision-making. However, it may also result in opportunistic bidding strategies that adversely affects economic efficiency. The relationship between risk and bidding strategies

Dennis Ray; Eileen Cashman

1999-01-01

311

The National Cancer Institute Presents Katie Couric with Second Annual Eleanor Nealon Extraordinary Communicators Award at NIH on May 18, 2001  

Cancer.gov

In recognition of her personal and professional efforts to raise awareness of colorectal cancer and to teach Americans about the disease, Katie Couric has been named the 2001 recipient of the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Eleanor Nealon Extraordinary Communicators Award.

312

Presentations Giving Effective Presentations  

E-print Network

communication: Process and product (4th Canadian ed.).USA: Nelson Education. Toastmasters: http://www contact with as many people as possible. Be natural. THE BODY Streamline your topic to address only a few

313

The repertoire of human efforts to avoid sexually transmissible diseases: past and present. Part 2: Strategies used during or after sex  

PubMed Central

Background/objective: Despite the focus by public health programmes on condoms, chastity, or monogamy, people use a much wider variety of strategies to minimise their personal risk of sexually transmissible disease (STD). The objective of this study was to compile a comprehensive list of personal and societal STD avoidance strategies. Methods: Data from clinical and research observations, computer searches, and historical texts were pooled. Results: A variety of behaviours during or after sex, other than condoms, were identified that have been perceived to alter STD risk. STD avoidance strategies were often poorly documented and difficult to disentangle from other drives such as aesthetics, sexual variety, and contraception. They also varied in popularity in time and place. Some examples were douching; systemic and topical prophylactic antimicrobials; non-penetrative sexual practices, post-coital urination; and examining sexual partners' genitalia. Interest in some practices has been recently revived—for example, vaginal microbicides and post-exposure chemoprophylaxis, while others—for example, withdrawal and non-penetrative sexual practices, receive scant attention but may be much more widely used. Conclusion: The full spectrum of STD avoidance strategies warrants further study because some are ubiquitous across cultures and because they have the potential to complement or undermine safer sex programmes. Because of their greater acceptability, some less efficacious strategies may have greater public health importance than less popular but more efficacious strategies such as condoms. Key Words: sexually transmitted diseases; HIV; prostitution; military PMID:10858708

Donovan, B.

2000-01-01

314

Inter-Satellite Communications Considerations and Requirements for Distributed Spacecraft and Formation Flying Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to avoid selecting inadequate inter-spacecraft cross-link communications standards for Distributed Spacecraft System (DSS) missions, it is first necessary to identify cross-link communications strategies and requirements common to a cross-section of proposed missions. This paper addresses the cross-link communication strategies and requirements derived from a survey of 39 DSS mission descriptions that are projected for potential launch within the next 20 years. The inter-spacecraft communications strategies presented are derived from the topological and communications constraints from the DSS missions surveyed. Basic functional requirements are derived from an analysis of the fundamental activities that must be undertaken to establish and maintain a cross-link between two DSS spacecraft. Cross-link bandwidth requirements are derived from high-level assessments of mission science objectives and operations concepts. Finally, a preliminary assessment of possible cross-link standards is presented within the context of the basic operational and interoperability requirements.

Kwadrat, Carl F.; Horne, William D.; Edwards, Bernard L.

2002-01-01

315

The U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Summary Posters: A GIS-based Education and Communication Product for Presenting Consolidated Post-Earthquake Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake Summary Posters (ESP's), a new product of the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Program, are produced at the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) in Golden. The posters consist of rapidly-generated, GIS-based maps made following significant earthquakes worldwide (typically M>7.0, or events of significant media/public interest). ESP's consolidate, in an attractive map format, a large-scale epicentral map, several auxiliary regional overviews (showing tectonic and geographical setting, seismic history, seismic hazard, and earthquake effects), depth sections (as appropriate), a table of regional earthquakes, and a summary of the reional seismic history and tectonics. The immediate availability of the latter text summaries has been facilitated by the availability of Rapid, Accurate Tectonic Summaries (RATS) produced at NEIC and posted on the web following significant events. The rapid production of ESP's has been facilitated by generating, during the past two years, regional templates for tectonic areas around the world by organizing the necessary spatially-referenced data for the map base and the thematic layers that overlay the base. These GIS databases enable scripted Arc Macro Language (AML) production of routine elements of the maps (for example background seismicity, tectonic features, and probabilistic hazard maps). However, other elements of the maps are earthquake-specific and are produced manually to reflect new data, earthquake effects, and special characteristics. By the end of this year, approximately 85% of the Earth's seismic zones will be covered for generating future ESP's. During the past year, 13 posters were completed, comparable to the yearly average expected for significant earthquakes. Each year, all ESPs will be published on a CD in PDF format as an Open-File Report. In addition, each is linked to the special event earthquake pages on the USGS Earthquake Program web site (http://earthquake.usgs.gov). Although three formats are generated, the poster-size format is the most popular for display, outreach, and use as a working map for project scientists (JPEG format for web; PDF for download, editing, and printing) whereas the other (smaller) formats are suitable for briefing packages. We will soon make both GIS and PDF files of individual elements of the posters available online. ESP's provide an unprecedented opportunity for college earth-science faculty to take advantage of current events for timely lessons in global tectonics. They are also invaluable to communicate with the media and with government officials. ESP's will be used as a vehicle to present other products now under development under the auspices of NEIC and the ANSS, including rapid finite-fault models, global predictive ShakeMaps, "Did You Feel It?", and Rapid Assessments of Global Earthquakes (RAGE, Earle and others, this meeting).

Tarr, A.; Benz, H.; Earle, P.; Wald, D. J.

2003-12-01

316

Proactive Parent Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents examples of teacher-parent interactions designed to help teachers communicate with parents. The scenarios involve a teacher communicating with parents about a struggling student, a teacher communicating with parents about a student's behavior problems, and a teacher attempting to communicate with a confrontational parent. Teacher prompts…

Babcock, Sharel; Backlund, Judy

2001-01-01

317

A randomised trial of the effects of an additional communication strategy on recruitment into a large-scale, multi-centre trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Timely participant recruitment remains a significant challenge for most clinical trials. We evaluated the effects on participant recruitment of communication between the central trial coordinators and the clinical sites in the setting of a large international multi-centre clinical trial. The effects of communication were determined in a single-blind randomised controlled trial involving 167 clinical sites in 19 countries. Clinical sites

Helen Monaghan; Anna Richens; Sam Colman; Rochelle Currie; Seham Girgis; Kathy Jayne; Bruce Neal; Anushka Patel

2007-01-01

318

Gestural communication in a new world parrot.  

PubMed

Male birds can use visual signals to provide information about their sexual status, via bright coloration, sophisticated sexual displays and elaborate tail and head crests. The majority of forest bird species use vocal communication as their main strategy to show their physiological status during breeding season. It is also used to keep contact between individuals in the same group, in agonistic contexts, and by chicks begging for food. We registered, for the very first time, gestural communication acting in the context of biparental care for the Orange-winged Amazon, Amazona amazonica. This parrot presents at least nine different sounds uttered in contexts of alarm, agonistic, foraging, contact flight and others. This finding suggests that despite being a vocal species, this parrot can perform gestural communication related to parental care. The gestures exhibited by this species represent a strategy for survival, a clever way to protect the nest, reducing the risk of attracting the attention of predators. PMID:24631994

Moura, Leiliany N; Silva, Maria L; Garotti, Marilice M F; Rodrigues, Angélica L F; Santos, Adrine C; Ribeiro, Ivete F

2014-06-01

319

Marine Strategy 20142019 1 Marine Strategy 20142019  

E-print Network

Marine Strategy 2014­2019 1 Marine Strategy 2014­2019 Providing Australians with marine environmental intelligence for their safety, sustainability, well-being and prosperity. #12;2 Marine Strategy 2014­2019 #12;Marine Strategy 2014­2019 3 Foreword I am pleased to present the Bureau of Meteorology

Greenslade, Diana

320

Combining content and elements of communication into an upper-level biochemistry course.  

PubMed

This report describes how a science communication module was incorporated into an advanced biochemistry course. Elements of communication were taught synergistically with biochemistry content in this course in an effort to expose students to a variety of effective oral communication strategies. Students were trained to use these established techniques and incorporated them into various presentations throughout the course. Three students describe their use of specific resources and how the skills learned relate to their future career. The importance and relevance of science communication are receiving unprecedented national attention. The academic scientific community must respond by incorporating more communication-centered instruction and opportunities in the classroom and laboratory. PMID:24375847

Whittington, Carli P; Pellock, Samuel J; Cunningham, Rebecca L; Cox, James R

2014-01-01

321

Speechreading as Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication competence for hearing-impaired individuals who use speechreading involves understanding nonverbal cues, making communication needs known, using alternative strategies, and using component skills effectively. Speechreading training should include real-life simulations, situational role-playing, and modeling of difficult situations…

Palmer, Linda

1988-01-01

322

Introduction to Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum was developed to help hearing impaired high school students understand hearing loss and its effects on communication skills as well as to develop strategies and find resources for building communication skills. Course materials are divided into six sections: (1) sound and hearing (concepts of sound, the anatomy and physiology of the…

Model Secondary School for the Deaf, Washington, DC.

323

Communicating with Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the institutional context of financial issues and related communication enhances the effectiveness of student affairs administrators within their areas of responsibility and as leaders of change on campus. This chapter focuses on key aspects of developing a comprehensive communication strategy.

Eldridge, Jonathan; Mason, Tisa

2010-01-01

324

Using instructional theory to facilitate communication in Web-based courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This articles examines the role of computer-mediated communication as well as broader interpretations of communication in Web-based instruction. Overviews of cognitive processing and cognitive constructivist paradigms are presented to illustrate their relevance for guiding development of Web-based courses. Instructional goals and communication strategies associated with these paradigms are identified. We conclude that developers should use instructional theories to guide choices

Susan M. Miller; Kenneth L. Miller

1999-01-01

325

The Past, Present, and Future of HIV Prevention: Integrating Behavioral, Biomedical, and Structural Intervention Strategies for the Next Generation of HIV Prevention  

PubMed Central

In the past 25 years, the field of HIV prevention research has been transformed repeatedly. Today, effective HIV prevention requires a combination of behavioral, biomedical, and structural intervention strategies. Risk of transmitting or acquiring HIV is reduced by consistent male and female-condom use, reductions in concurrent and/or sequential sexual and needle-sharing partners, male circumcision, and treatment with antiretroviral medications. At least 144 behavioral prevention programs have been found effective in reducing HIV transmission acts; however, scale up of these programs has not occurred outside of the United States. A series of recent failures of HIV-prevention efficacy trials for biomedical innovations such as HIV vaccines, treating herpes simplex 2 and other sexually transmitted infections, and diaphragm and microbicide barriers highlights the need for behavioral strategies to accompany biomedical strategies. This challenges prevention researchers to reconceptualize how cost-effective, useful, realistic, and sustainable prevention programs will be designed, delivered, tested, and diffused. The next generation of HIV prevention science must draw from the successes of existing evidence-based interventions and the expertise of the market sector to integrate preventive innovations and behaviors into everyday routines. PMID:19327028

Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Swendeman, Dallas; Chovnick, Gary

2010-01-01

326

15.279 Management Communication for Undergraduates, Spring 2005  

E-print Network

This is a required seminar for Management Science majors to develop the writing, speaking, teamwork, and interpersonal communication skills necessary for managers. Students learn communication principles, strategies, and ...

Breslow, Lori

327

A new finite element strategy is presented for solving large-scale three-dimensional and realistic structural geology simulations considering the rheological behavior of the rocks. Special coding techniques and data structures provide the  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT A new finite element strategy is presented for solving large-scale three standard finite element solution techniques. INTRODUCTION The finite element method is recognized literature has some few hundreds of works using finite elements in numerical modeling, a small amount of them

Coutinho, Alvaro L. G. A.

328

BioEd Online: Presentations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The resources for biology teachers offered by BioEd Online are uniformly excellent, and this particular section of their website is no exception to that trend. Designed specifically for teachers, this site contains dozens of presentations that can be adopted for use in a variety of classroom settings. Users of the site can explore a list of topics and featured presentation materials, which include "The Cell: Cloning," "Diversity of Life: Introduction to Human Behavior," and "The Human Organism: Influenza Vaccination." That's far from all however, as the site also has interactive lesson demonstrations, lab techniques, and teaching strategies. Equally important for instructors is the "Seeking a Teaching Position," which includes presentations like "So You Want to Teach?" and "High Stakes Communication: Interviewing for a Teaching Position."

2008-04-23

329

Intraspecific Communication Communication  

E-print Network

taxa communicate? 1. Amphibians a) Caecilians b) Salamanders c) Frogs 2. Reptiles a) Turtles b) Crocs c Contact Alarm 1) Visual 2) Chemical 3) Acoustic 4) Tactile #12;2 1. Amphibian communication a. Caecilians

Dever, Jennifer A.

330

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology - Volume 1 and Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology - Volume 2 (34th, Jacksonville, Florida, 2011)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-fourth year, the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Jacksonville, FL. A limited quantity of these Proceedings were printed and sold in both hardcopy and electronic…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2011-01-01

331

Getting to the Finish Presented by  

E-print Network

Session ID: W3.2091 Strategies and Ideas · Clear communication to students about deadlines and procedures.2091 Strategies and Ideas · Communicate with students who have potential issues in their final semester · Study silence your cell phone/pager · Please complete the session evaluation using the AACRAO mobile app

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

332

Communication between the higher education and industry.  

PubMed

The paper presents the starting premise and the general frame of the Tempus Project CME-02555-96, entitled "Know How Transfer form University to Industry". It is intended to be a study for establishing a frame and methods for communication between academic, scientific and research bodies and industry. This project continues the efforts made in the RENEHEMA Tempus project aiming to support the improvement of communication between higher education and industry. Following the conclusions of the RENEHEMA conference the strategy adopted by the management board focused on the Internet technology and free market mechanisms to fulfill the project objectives. PMID:10724934

Dimitriu, R; Bazavan, M; Sima, R; Lungeanu, D; Mihalas, G

1999-01-01

333

Decentralized Control Strategy for Cooperative Mobile Robots , D. Andreu  

E-print Network

on new control strategies of multiple vehicles based on GPS position and wireless communications control architecture for a set of non- holonomic robotic vehicles. This project (ACCORD) gathers three and monitoring of the wireless network. In this paper, we propose to present the whole goal of this project

Boyer, Edmond

334

Parental/Community Involvement: Strategies To Train Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skill packet presents strategies for training parents to be involved in their children's education. Section 1 focuses on understanding the relationship between positive self-esteem and academic achievement. Section 2 discusses the purpose of parent-teacher conferences and how to enhance communication. Section 3 focuses on research supporting…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

335

Key Elements of a Successful Drive toward Marketing Strategy Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual model is presented that depicts the relationship between an internal marketing function and an organization's readiness to learn. Learning and marketing orientations are identified as components to marketing strategy making. Key organizational functions, including communication and decision-making, are utilized in a framework for…

Cann, Cynthia W.; George, Marie A.

2003-01-01

336

UNIVERSITY OF YORK COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF YORK COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE WEB OFFICE Web Strategy Date 4 February, 2003 Version 4, Press and PR Officer William Mackintosh, Web Manager #12;Web Strategy 4.4 ©University of York Page 2............................................................................................... 6 3.2 Objectives of the Web Strategy

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

337

Communicating Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are in an era of rapidly changing communication media, which is driving a major evolution in the modes of communicating science. In the past, a mainstay of scientific communication in popular media was through science “translators”; science journalists and presenters. These have now nearly disappeared and are being replaced by widespread dissemination through, e.g., the internet, blogs, YouTube and journalists who often have little scientific background and sharp deadlines. Thus, scientists are required to assume increasing responsibility for translating their scientific findings and calibrating their communications to non-technical audiences, a task for which they are often ill prepared, especially when it comes to controversial societal issues such as tobacco, evolution, and most recently climate change (Oreskes and Conway 2010). Such issues have been politicized and hi-jacked by ideological belief systems to such an extent that constructive dialogue is often impossible. Many scientists are excellent communicators, to their peers. But this requires careful attention to detail and logical explanation, open acknowledgement of uncertainties, and dispassionate delivery. These qualities become liabilities when communicating to a non-scientific audience where entertainment, attention grabbing, 15 second sound bites, and self assuredness reign (e.g. Olson 2009). Here we report on a program initiated by NCAR and UCAR to develop new approaches to science communication and to equip present and future scientists with the requisite skills. If we start from a sound scientific finding with general scientific consensus, such as the warming of the planet by greenhouse gases, then the primary emphasis moves from the “science” to the “art” of communication. The art cannot have free reign, however, as there remains a strong requirement for objectivity, honesty, consistency, and above all a resistance to advocating particular policy positions. Targeting audience attitudes and beliefs, which studies such as the Six Americas research help identify, is key to effective science communications (e.g. Leiserowitz, Maibach, et al, 2009). We argue that the impact of the scientific message can be substantially improved by targeting it to these additional factors. This does require an understanding of the audience and a repackaging of the message to different societal groups. Logical and dispassionate presentation of evidence works for a target scientific audience, but major decisions from the policy to the personal level are influenced by many factors including immediacy, economics, culture, community leaders, emotional framing, and ideological filters.

Holland, G. J.; McCaffrey, M. S.; Kiehl, J. T.; Schmidt, C.

2010-12-01

338

Incorporating International Business Concepts into the Basic Business Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the international business dimension has widened dramatically in recent years. Argues that the basic business communication course can be used effectively as one way to provide students with an adequate focus of the international business dimension. Presents instructional strategies designed to acquaint students with this dimension. (RS)

Boyd, Daniel R.; And Others

1990-01-01

339

Strategies for Foreign Language Teaching: Communication, Technology, Culture. Report of the Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (Chicago, Illinois, April 26-28, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 13 selected papers included in this conference report are: "Achieving Curriculum Fit for That 'Horrible' Second Year" (Lorraine A. Strasheim); "Project Partnership: French Culture and Language in the Elementary School" (Susan Turner); "A Middle School Exploratory Course" (Kay Thorp); "Creative and Communicative Achievement Testing" (Barbara…

Westphal, Patricia B., Ed.; And Others

340

Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Health literacy is a relatively new concept in health pro- motion. It is a composite term to describe a range of out- comes to health education and communication activities. From this perspective, health education is directed towards improving health literacy. This paper identifies the failings of past educational programs to address social and eco- nomic determinants of health, and

DON NUTBEAM

2006-01-01

341

Communications protocol  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention relates to an improved communications protocol which increases the efficiency of transmission in return channels on a multi-channel slotted Alohas system by incorporating advanced error correction algorithms, selective retransmission protocols and the use of reserved channels to satisfy the retransmission requests.

Zhou, Xiaoming (Inventor); Baras, John S. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

342

The confidence of speech-language pathology students regarding communicating with people with aphasia  

PubMed Central

Background Aphasia is an acquired language disorder that can present a significant barrier to patient involvement in healthcare decisions. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are viewed as experts in the field of communication. However, many SLP students do not receive practical training in techniques to communicate with people with aphasia (PWA) until they encounter PWA during clinical education placements. Methods This study investigated the confidence and knowledge of SLP students in communicating with PWA prior to clinical placements using a customised questionnaire. Confidence in communicating with people with aphasia was assessed using a 100-point visual analogue scale. Linear, and logistic, regressions were used to examine the association between confidence and age, as well as confidence and course type (graduate-entry masters or undergraduate), respectively. Knowledge of strategies to assist communication with PWA was examined by asking respondents to list specific strategies that could assist communication with PWA. Results SLP students were not confident with the prospect of communicating with PWA; reporting a median 29-points (inter-quartile range 17–47) on the visual analogue confidence scale. Only, four (8.2%) of respondents rated their confidence greater than 55 (out of 100). Regression analyses indicated no relationship existed between confidence and students‘ age (p?=?0.31, r-squared?=?0.02), or confidence and course type (p?=?0.22, pseudo r-squared?=?0.03). Students displayed limited knowledge about communication strategies. Thematic analysis of strategies revealed four overarching themes; Physical, Verbal Communication, Visual Information and Environmental Changes. While most students identified potential use of resources (such as images and written information), fewer students identified strategies to alter their verbal communication (such as reduced speech rate). Conclusions SLP students who had received aphasia related theoretical coursework, but not commenced clinical placements with PWA, were not confident in their ability to communicate with PWA. Students may benefit from an educational intervention or curriculum modification to incorporate practical training in effective strategies to communicate with PWA, before they encounter PWA in clinical settings. Ensuring students have confidence and knowledge of potential communication strategies to assist communication with PWA may allow them to focus their learning experiences in more specific clinical domains, such as clinical reasoning, rather than building foundation interpersonal communication skills. PMID:23806028

2013-01-01

343

78 FR 70954 - Risk Communications Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee: Risk Communications Advisory Committee...Visit the Risk Communication Advisory Committee...as part of Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) to health...evaluate whether REMS communications are reaching...

2013-11-27

344

Monitoring strategies and scale-appropriate hydrologic and biogeochemical modelling for natural resource management: Conclusions and recommendations from a session held at the iEMSs 2008  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This short communication paper presents recommendations for developing scale-appropriate monitoring and modelling strategies to assist decision making in natural resource management. These ideas presented here were discussed in the session (S5) ‘Monitoring strategies and scale-appropriate hydrologic...

345

Communicating with Feeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication between users in shared editors takes place in a deprived environment - distributed users find it difficult to communicate. While many solutions to the problems this causes have been suggested this paper presents a novel one. It describes one possible use of haptics as a channel for communication between users. User's telepointers are considered as haptic avatars and interactions

Ian Oakley; Stephen A. Brewster; Philip D. Gray

2000-01-01

346

Cross-Cultural Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-part presentation on cross-cultural communication consists of a discussion of cultural differences in interpersonal communication and an article from a Greek English-language publication concerning telephone use skills in a foreign country. Cultural differences in communication are divided into eight types and illustrated: (1) when to talk;…

Tannen, Deborah

347

Communications and graphic manual  

E-print Network

Communications handbook and graphic manual #12;1 COMMUNICATIONS PLATFORM Communication is a mutual Profile merchandise 21 Joint presentation materials21 Advertising22 Signage23 GRAPHIC MANUAL Sahlgrenska Academy's graphic identity24 Logotypes27 Typography30 Graphic templates 30 Document templates38 Business

Harding, Karin

348

The Impact of Staff Training in Augmentative/Alternative Communication (AAC) on the Communication Abilities of Adults with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Staff at a day program were trained in Augmentative/Alternative Communication (AAC) strategies and techniques. The goal was to provide training that would allow staff at the centre to use communication strategies when working with their clients. Two training sessions were provided on AAC and communication strategies for all staff at the centre.…

Torrison, Christina; Jung, Elaina; Baker, Kristin; Beliveau, Christine; Cook, Albert

2007-01-01

349

IEPLC Framework, Automated Communication in a Heterogeneous Control System Environment  

E-print Network

In CERN accelerators control system several components are essential such as: Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), PCI Extensions for Instrumentation (PXI), and other micro-controller families. Together with their weaknesses and their strength points they typically present custom communication protocols and it is therefore difficult to federate them into the control system using a single communication strategy. Furthermore this dependency to the physical device interfaces and protocols makes most of the code not reusable and the replacement of old technology a difficult problem. The purpose of IEPLC ([1]) is to mitigate the communication issues given by this heterogeneity; it proposes a framework to define communication interfaces in a hardware independent manner. In addition it automatically generates all the resources needed on master side (typically represented by a FEC: Front-End Computer) and slave side (typically represented by the controller) to implement a common and generic Ethernet communication. Th...

Locci, F

2014-01-01

350

Communication in Fungi  

PubMed Central

We will discuss fungal communication in the context of fundamental biological functions including mating, growth, morphogenesis, and the regulation of fungal virulence determinants. We will address intraspecies but also interkingdom signaling by systematically discussing the sender of the message, the molecular message, and receiver. Analyzing communication shows the close coevolution of fungi with organisms present in their environment giving insights into multispecies communication. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying microbial communication will promote our understanding of the “fungal communicome.” PMID:21961006

Cottier, Fabien; Mühlschlegel, Fritz A.

2012-01-01

351

Wireless Communication for Controlling Microgrids: Co-simulation and Performance Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

A microgrid with wireless communication links for microgrid control has been designed and developed. The complete simulation model has been developed in MatLab SimuLink with seamless integration of the power subsystem and the communication subsystem. Unlike the conventional co-simulators that usually glue two existing simulators together by creating an interface, which has a steep learning curve, the proposed simulator is a compact single-unit model. Detailed modeling of the power subsystem and communication system is presented as well as the microgrid control architecture and strategies. The impact of different communication system performances on microgrid control has been studied and evaluated in the proposed simulator.

Mao, Rukun [ORNL] [ORNL; Xu, Yan [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Huijuan [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Husheng [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01

352

Changing Health Behaviors to Improve Health Outcomes after Angioplasty: A Randomized Trial of Net Present Value versus Future Value Risk Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patients who have undergone angioplasty experience difficulty modifying at-risk behaviors for subsequent cardiac events. The purpose of this study was to test whether an innovative approach to framing of risk, based on "net present value" economic theory, would be more effective in behavioral intervention than the standard "future value approach"…

Charlson, M. E.; Peterson, J. C.; Boutin-Foster, C.; Briggs, W. M.; Ogedegbe, G. G.; McCulloch, C. E.; Hollenberg, J.; Wong, C.; Allegrante, J. P.

2008-01-01

353

COMMUNICATIONS ANNEX B -COMMUNICATIONS  

E-print Network

and interoperable communications systems are essential to obtain the most complete information during emergency should an event or incident warrant the need for increased interoperable communications; however, their primary channels are on the 800 MHz system. o Environmental Health and Safety o Facilities Services o

354

Communication section Communication section  

E-print Network

Rectorate Communication section Communication section Hochschulstrasse 4 CH-3012 Bern Tel. +41 031 project «CHEOPS» (CHaracterizing ExOPlanet Satellite) for Switzerland, which was given the definitive «go projects are closely linked to one another. «CHEOPS» and «PLATO» are satellite missions and deliver data

Richner, Heinz

355

Coaching Communication Partners: A Preliminary Investigation of Communication Intervention during Mealtime in Rett Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rett syndrome (RTT) occurs primarily in females and is characterized by deficits in cognition, communication, hand use and ambulation. This quasi-experimental study explored the use of a coaching program to increase communicative interactions between girls with RTT and their communication partners. Communication coaching strategies were provided…

Bartolotta, Theresa E.; Remshifski, Patricia A.

2013-01-01

356

Communicative challenges of bystander intervention: impact of goals and message design logic on strategies college students use to intervene in drinking situations.  

PubMed

A key concern on college campuses is how to help students avoid negative outcomes related to alcohol use. One way to address this is to encourage students to intervene when they see others engaged in high-risk behavior. This approach, referred to as bystander intervention, requires that individuals seek to influence others; however, research on bystander intervention has not explored how students communicate when they intervene. Drawing from a multiple goals perspective, we examined individuals' goals during intervention, the types of messages individuals use to intervene, and the relationship of design logic to sense of efficacy and messages used. Participants (n?=?212) identified their goals and indicated what they would say to intervene in two college-drinking scenarios. We found that differences in goals were related to the types of messages used, with more specific goals leading to messages better aligned with achieving those goals. Additionally, more sophisticated design logic was related to a higher sense of efficacy and was reflected in the types of messages individuals used to intervene. The study views bystander intervention as an influence process and highlights the communicative challenges that can impact how people intervene. PMID:23402306

White, Cindy H; Malkowski, Jennifer

2014-01-01

357

Communicating Ocean Sciences Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This innovative course introduces undergraduate and graduate students in ocean science related majors to inquiry-based instructional strategies for communicating their passion for their subject area. These strategies, combined with college students' content knowledge and enthusiasm for sharing it, equip them to introduce ocean science to K-8 students and teachers in local schools. The site provides basic course information and links to additional resources.

358

Adaptive MIMO transmission techniques for broadband wireless communication systems [Topics in Wireless Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Link adaptation is a way to increase data rates in wireless systems by adapting transmission parameters such as the modulation and coding rate. While link adaptation in single antenna systems is now mature, its application to multiple-input multiple-output communication links, presented in several emerging wireless standards, has been challenging. The main reason is that the space-time transmission strategy can also

Chan-Byoung Chae; Alcatel-Lucent Antonio Forenza; Matthew R. McKay; Iain B. Collings

2010-01-01

359

Online Courses: WCS: Conservation Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While part of conservation is based in science, a large portion of conservation relies on people and their actions. This course will help participants define and create an effective conservation communication strategy on an issue of their choice. Particip

1900-01-01

360

Communicating actionable nutrition messages: challenges and opportunities.  

PubMed

As long as health communications have existed in the USA, Americans have faced the task of sorting the agenda of the source from the advice it provides. That task has become more complicated as advances in the science of nutrition and the technology used to present it have heightened the complexity of nutrition communications. Getting consumers to adopt a healthier diet has been a protracted undertaking with limited successes along the way. The obesity epidemic has added urgency to this discourse: not only do we need to eat better, but most of us also need to eat less. This paper reviews the dynamics that have made the communication of accurate and actionable health behaviour information an ongoing challenge, and outlines strategies for moving ahead. It considers the interplay of four sets of factors: the evolutionary nature of the science on which recommendations are based; the many sources of communication about that science; the agendas or motivations of each source; and finally the multifaceted nature of consumers, the recipients of these communications. Communication alone has not been, and will not be, sufficient for consumers to adopt the behavioural changes endorsed by experts. Broad environmental interventions coupled with individual skills development will need to be part of the process. Ultimately, it is the consumer who decides what is for dinner. Media literacy will play a critical role in building consumer efficacy in sorting fact from fiction in order to select food for a healthful diet. PMID:21208498

Goldberg, Jeanne P; Sliwa, Sarah A

2011-02-01

361

Police Communications: Humans and Hardware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents an overview of police communications and analyzes the relationships between the people and hardware in the police system. Chapters discuss the development and use of such communication devices as the telegraph, telephone, and computers; the role of mass media, feedback, and communicative settings in human communication;…

Zannes, Estelle

362

Technology Planning Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective planning strategies drive achievement of an overall technology goal to increase access to electronic information in real time in order to increase efficiency, productivity, and communication across campus. Planning relies on providing access, 'Anytime Anywhere' to student information, calendar, email, course management tools, and the…

Decker, Kathy

2004-01-01

363

Communication in the Mathematics Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 8-page monograph discusses the importance of developing student communication in mathematics, both oral and written, and the elements that make communication effective. It describes three approaches for organizing and facilitating students sharing their thinking about problem solving: Gallery Walk, Math Congress, and Bansho (Board Writing). The author provides tips for getting started with these strategies and a list of references.

364

Public Relations: The Route to Success and Influence. Public Relations for Your Library: A Tool for Effective Communications; Tooting Your Own Horn: Web-Based Public Relations for the School Media Specialist; Bookmarks as a Teaching Tool; Customers and Culture: The Who and What of Library Public Relations Efforts; Strategies for Successful Job Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special section includes five articles that discuss public relations strategies for school librarians. Highlights include effective communication, including measuring and evaluating the success of public relations efforts; Web-based public relations; giving bookmarks to students; customers and cultural contexts; and successful job…

Lyon, Linda; Silverstein, Roberta; Fisher, Julieta Dias; Hill, Ann; Hegel, Claudette; Miller, Donna; Moyer, Mary

2002-01-01

365

Presenting A Strategy for Indefinite Integration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general method is given for determining an efficient problem-solving process for a given type problem. An application of the method is then described in an experiment involving teaching indefinite integration. (MP)

Schoenfeld, Alan H.

1978-01-01

366

A REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT ON Presented by  

E-print Network

on communication strategies in regards to layoffs and performance evaluations (see Appendix A). This proposal...........................................................................................................................................................2 Proposal One: Require An Exit Evaluation ......................3 Performance Evaluations

Hofmann, Hans A.

367

Internships in speech communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a survey of communication internships indicate that the internship is developing into an important instructional strategy. Benefits to the student, university, and sponsoring organization are described, and the reactions of forty two interns at three universities are summarized.

Cal W. Downs; Paul Harper; Gary Hunt

1976-01-01

368

Developing the Communication Nature of Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the idea of reading as a natural language communication process has been well established by research, this paper identifies learning strategies and suggests teaching methods for developing the young child's awareness of the communication nature of reading. The paper concludes that learning strategies based on imitation, drawing, and…

Blass, Rosanne J.; And Others

369

Underground mine communications: a survey  

SciTech Connect

After a recent series of unfortunate underground mining disasters, the vital importance of communications for underground mining is underlined one more time. Establishing reliable communication is a very difficult task for underground mining due to the extreme environmental conditions. Until now, no single communication system exists which can solve all of the problems and difficulties encountered in underground mine communications. However, combining research with previous experiences might help existing systems improve, if not completely solve all of the problems. In this survey, underground mine communication is investigated. Major issues which underground mine communication systems must take into account are discussed. Communication types, methods, and their significance are presented.

Yarkan, S.; Guzelgoz, S.; Arslan, H.; Murphy, R.R. [University of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States)

2009-07-01

370

[Clinical-pharmacological aspects to accelerate the development process from the preclinical to the clinical phase/2nd communication: promising strategies].  

PubMed

To improve the transition from research to development a critical evaluation of the individual project by research and disease area teams is required to include input from pharmacology, toxicology, pharmacokinetics, galenics, clinical pharmacology, clinical as well as regulatory experts and marketing. Decisions on the individual development strategy should be made prior to the start of development and all projects should be reviewed at predefined stages throughout the product development life cycle. This ensures consistency of decision-making not only during the development of individual products but throughout the entire development pipeline. Studies in the exploratory stage of drug development should be designed for decision making in contrast to later clinical trials in the confirmatory stage that require power for proof-of-safety and proof-of-efficacy. The more thorough and profound studies have been carried out during this exploratory stage of drug development, the earlier a decision can be made on the continuation or discontinuation of further development, thus saving development time and money and assessing and considerably reducing the risk for the patients and increasing the success rate of the project in the later confirmatory effectiveness trial with an adequate number of subjects receiving the new therapy under typical conditions of use. Strategies which may be helpful to improve the quality of decisions in drug discovery and drug development are: discovery experiments should be done to critically evaluate the compound, the "killer" experiments should be done as early as possible, continuous effort on preclinical disease models is necessary to improve predictability of efficacy in patients ("humanized" research): genomic technology should be used to identify novel, disease-related targets and to characterise preclinical test systems, improvement of knowledge and experience concerning the relevance of new technologies for the clinical picture, genotyping of clinical trial patients to select patient groups which are likely to respond to treatment (pharmacogenomics), modelling and simulation of preclinical and clinical trials, integration of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles into drug development, assessment of the interaction potential (CYP-450, trasporter proteins and others), increasing use of biomarker/surrogate marker for rapid clinical feedback, involvement of the target population as soon as possible, applying statistical data analysis techniques for proving effectiveness, co-operation with high quality centers. To reach this goal clinical pharmacology must be fully integrated in the whole process from the candidate selection to its positioning within the market. PMID:15282874

Kuhlmann, Jochen

2004-01-01

371

Advanced Communications Technology: Mobile Communications Requirements Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Coast Guard's mobile communications requirements will outstrip existing system capabilities, available capacity, and affordability by the late 1990s. This will require changes in the mix of mobile communications equipment and services used by operational units. New commercial mobile satellite services are available now, with many others arriving on the market between 1998 and 2003. These new services present unique opportunities to satisfy mission requirements, reduce investment in communications infrastructure, and realize more costeffective communications services. The Coast Guard Research and Development Center (R&DC) has undertaken an effort to identify and evaluate current and emerging satellite services that may be used to satisfy Coast Guard mobile communications requirements. As part of this effort, Anteon Corporation has been tasked by R&DC to collect the mobile communications functional requirements that have been identified by program managers. Anteon analysts have reviewed the Government Furnished Information (GFI) and researched other related documentation to identify and collect the requirements that may be used to describe the needed operating environment. Anteon analysts assessed the functional requirements to develop system requirements that describe the features that a communications system must provide to support the functional requirements. This report presents the current and projected Coast Guard mobile communications system requirements.

1998-05-01

372

Relevance theory and the communication of politeness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of linguistic politeness have traditionally assumed a Gricean norm-based approach to communication. On this view, instances of the use of polite forms and\\/or strategies necessarily communicate a message above and beyond the one that motivates the communicative act. The problems raised by this position are discussed and an alternative Relevance Theoretic account of polite verbal behaviour is proposed. This

Mark Jary

1998-01-01

373

aborate communicate aborate communicate  

E-print Network

, pharmaceuticals, food and agricultural production, advance polymeric and electronic materials, energy production, Aerospace, Manufacturing, Mechatronics, Energy and Fluid Systems. Many students choose not to specialize The information and communications technology of our knowledge-based society places computer engineers at the hub

Graham, Nick

374

Communicating About Communicable Disease  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this "tried and true" investigation, students use a commercially available product (Glo-germ) and a blacklight to demonstrate how germs are spread. Glitter can be substituted. Students then write a public service announcement, including statistics, about the preventing the spread of a communicable disease.

IBM& #39; s Teachers Try Science program

2011-11-23

375

Communication Correlates of Employee Morale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study of the relationship of managerial communication and employee morale by means of a questionnaire covering variables such as the quality of relationship, quality of communication, job satisfaction, willingness to move, and identification with a work group. (JMF)

Baird, John E.; Bradley, Patricia H.

1978-01-01

376

Communicating Urban Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While cities cover only 2% of the Earth's surface, over 50% of the world's people live in urban environments. Precisely because of their population density, cities can play a large role in reducing or exacerbating the global impact of climate change. The actions of cities could hold the key to slowing down climate change. Urban dwellers are becoming more aware of the need to reduce their carbon usage and to implement adaptation strategies. However, messaging around these strategies has not been comprehensive and adaptation to climate change requires local knowledge, capacity and a high level of coordination. Unless urban populations understand climate change and its impacts it is unlikely that cities will be able to successfully implement policies that reduce anthropogenic climate change. Informal and formal educational institutions in urban environments can serve as catalysts when partnering with climate scientists, educational research groups, and public policy makers to disseminate information about climate change and its impacts on urban audiences. The Climate and Urban Systems Partnership (CUSP) is an interdisciplinary network designed to assess and meet the needs and challenges of educating urban audiences about climate change. CUSP brings together organizations in Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Queens, NY and Washington, DC to forge links with informal and formal education partners, city government, and policy makers. Together this network will create and disseminate learner-focused climate education programs and resources for urban audiences that, while distinct, are thematically and temporally coordinated, resulting in the communication of clear and consistent information and learning experiences about climate science to a wide public audience. Working at a community level CUSP will bring coordinated programming directly into neighborhoods presenting the issues of global climate change in a highly local context. The project is currently exploring a number of models for community programming and this session will present early results of these efforts while engaging participants in exploring approaches to connecting urban communities and their local concerns to the issues of global climate change.

Snyder, S.; Crowley, K.; Horton, R.; Bader, D.; Hoffstadt, R.; Labriole, M.; Shugart, E.; Steiner, M.; Climate; Urban Systems Partnership

2011-12-01

377

Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Track  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a teaching strategy, playing mathematical games can foster communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. Fraction Track is an interactive two-person version of a game that engages players in thinking about equivalent fractions. Although presented here as an online game, it can easily be adapted to a paper version for the classroom. Links from this page go to the role of the teacher and to the role of student communication in using games as an instructional tool.

NCTM

2000-01-01

378

"Outline" of Intercultural Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed by a committee of the Speech Communication Association to assist in planning a conference in intercultural communication, this outline defines the field, delineates topics for presentation, and furnishes a general outline for a volume which will be considered the final product. Cultural objectivity is established by insuring participation…

Stewart, Edward C.

379

Computer Physics Communications  

E-print Network

Computer Physics Communications ComputerPhysicsCommunications104 (1997) 1-14 Artificial neural (ANNs) in order to solve non-homogeneousordinary and partial differential equations.In the present work known solution, to test the accuracyof the method. We then proceed with the Schr6dinger and the Dirac

Likas, Aristidis

380

Communicating oesophageal duplication.  

PubMed

Oesophageal duplications are rare congenital abnormalities. Most of them do not communicate with the oesophageal lumen. We present a very uncommon finding of communicating oesophageal duplication in which the connection between the oesophagus and its duplicate portion was demonstrated by CT. PMID:15027925

Dahniya, M H; Grexa, E; Ashebu, S; Aduh, P

2004-03-01

381

Subliminal communication technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various types of subliminal communication devices presently in use, the psychological basis for subliminal technology, and the effectiveness of subliminal communication for therapy are examined as well as potentials for abuse. Social, legal, and ethical aspects are considered with respect to the privacy and autonomy of captive audiences. Implications for the regulation of subliminal techniques are reviewed with application to the various media.

382

Divestiture: strategy's missing link.  

PubMed

Although most companies dedicate considerable time and attention to acquiring and creating businesses, few devote much effort to divestitures. But regularly divesting businesses--even good, healthy ones--ensures that remaining units reach their potential and that the overall company grows stronger. Drawing on extensive research into corporate performance over the last decade, McKinsey consultants Lee Dranikoff, Tim Koller, and Antoon Schneider show that an active divestiture strategy is essential to a corporation's long-term health and profitability. In particular, they say that companies that actively manage their businesses through acquisitions and divestitures create substantially more shareholder value than those that passively hold on to their businesses. Therefore, companies should avoid making divestitures only in response to pressure and instead make them part of a well-thought-out strategy. This article presents a five-step process for doing just that: prepare the organization, identify the best candidates for divestiture, execute the best deal, communicate the decision, and create new businesses. As the fifth step suggests, divestiture is not an end in itself. Rather, it is a means to a larger end: building a company that can grow and prosper over the long haul. Wise executives divest so that they can create new businesses and expand existing ones. All of the funds, management time, and support-function capacity that a divestiture frees up should therefore be reinvested in creating shareholder value. In some cases, this will mean returning money to shareholders. But more likely than not, it will mean investing in attractive growth opportunities. In companies as in the marketplace, creation and destruction go hand in hand; neither flourishes without the other. PMID:12024760

Dranikoff, Lee; Koller, Tim; Schneider, Antoon

2002-05-01

383

Free Space Laser Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation concerns the use of Laser communication for deep space applications. The presentation reviews the problems with electromagnetic beams and then the advantages and disadvantages of the use of optical communication. The presentation then reviews some of the spacecraft technology with pictures of some of the devices. The ground reception systems and the simplified link calculation are also reviewed. Recent and planned demonstration projects are also reviewed.

Lesh, James

2000-01-01

384

Using Hermeneutic Phenomenology to Investigate How Experienced Practitioners Learn to Communicate Clinical Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is primarily targeted at doctoral students and other researchers considering using hermeneutic phenomenology as a research strategy. We present interpretive paradigm research designed to investigate how experienced practitioners learn to communicate their clinical reasoning in professional practice. Twelve experienced physiotherapy…

Ajjawi, Rola; Higgs, Joy

2007-01-01

385

Over the Horizon: Potential Impact of Emerging Trends in Information and Communication Technology on Disability Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy paper explores key trends in information and communication technology, highlights the potential opportunities and problems these trends present for people with disabilities, and suggests some strategies to maximize opportunities and avoid potential problems and barriers. Specifically, this paper discusses technology trends that present

Vanderheiden, Gregg

2006-01-01

386

Interaction Design of Encouraging Daily Healthcare Habit with Communication Robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper presents interesting findings and strategies for interaction design of a health support system for seniors. The\\u000a system consists of a pedometer, a terminal with touch screen and a communication robot. Users can touch buttons on the screen\\u000a and data of the pedometer as inputs. Speech from the robot and text messages on screen is used for output. Because

Jun’ichi Osada; Tomoharu Yamaguchi; Ryohei Sasama; Keiji Yamada

387

Risk Communication Research at the University of Maryland TERROR PLOTS. SUPER FLU. CONTAMINATED FOOD.  

E-print Network

Risk Communication Research at the University of Maryland TERROR PLOTS. SUPER FLU. CONTAMINATED. Behind every headline are corporate leaders, government officials, and healthcare providers who need effective communication strategies for controlling and preventing public risk. Risk communication research

Hill, Wendell T.

388

Teaching Functional Communication Skills Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication in Inclusive Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three children (ages 3-4) with disabilities were successfully taught functional communication behaviors using select augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices. Acquisition of AAC behaviors resulted from an intervention strategy that included creating communicative opportunities, providing a peer or teacher model of the behavior,…

Johnston, Susan S.; McDonnell, Andrea P.; Nelson, Catherine; Magnavito, Angie

2003-01-01

389

Language-based Communication Zones in International Business Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expands prior descriptions of expatriate-local personnel communication patterns by reconfiguring and adding new zones. Presents eight new communication zones in a comprehensive framework that represents the dynamic, bi-directional, multiply influenced, and transformational translation process integral to international business communication.…

Babcock, Richard D.; Du-Babcock, Bertha

2001-01-01

390

Portrait: Generating Personal Presentations James Fogarty  

E-print Network

as important tools in the professional workplace has created changes in how we communicate. One such change of communication. With current technology, including rich personal presentations in messages is still cumbersome an automated approach to generating personal presentations for use in computer-mediated communication and other

Fogarty, James A.

391

Better Communication Through Collaboration: Lessons Learned from a New Model of Science Communication Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Direct, effective communication with the public is an increasingly important part of the earth scientist's professional toolkit. Earth sciences issues, including climate change, ocean acidification, energy extraction and use and geological hazard assessment, are increasingly relevant to public debates, yet recent, dramatic changes in the media business have led to decreased coverage of science. Earth scientists must increasingly shoulder the burden of informing the broad public themselves, and in collaboration with professional communicators. Fortunately, the tools and venues needed to do so have never been more accessible. This presentation will describe a new model of science communication education, based on bringing together collaborating teams of students with diverse backgrounds in the sciences, engineering and journalism. The project-based approach uses group workshopping and multiple rounds of peer- and instructor-guided revision to leverage diverse expertise and facilitate both primary knowledge gain and comprehensive, effective and meaningful training and experience in audience-focused outreach, media interaction, and journalism. Courses build from fundamental communications theory to the end goal of publication in professional outlets. Course goals are regularly enhanced and reinforced with internships and individual study projects. Using examples from a series of courses and projects developed at Stanford University over the past three years, I will describe the theory and strategies underlying this new approach to science communication education, what it has to offer for scientists and journalists alike, and key points to consider for effective implementation. I will also show how combining the knowledge, expertise and experience of STEM and journalism students can inform a new model of science journalism, based on exploring and communicating the process of science, not just the results, that can avoid many of the common pitfalls of science journalism. I will present a preliminary assessment of outcomes from three courses at Stanford - environmental communications, environmental journalism and multimedia storytelling for earth scientists - including publications, retrospective post assessment of student abilities and attitudes, and ongoing application of course goals in professional and/or educational settings.

Hayden, T.

2011-12-01

392

Health Communications: Nursing Education for Increased Visibility and Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve the visibility of nurses in mass media, health communications content should be integrated into nursing education. Nurses equipped with advanced communication skills, media expertise and teaching strategies can empower the profession to influence the health care environment. (SK)

Chaffee, Mary

2000-01-01

393

Transmission Communication  

E-print Network

ELEC3028 Digital Transmission -- MODEM S Chen Digital Communication System . Purpose: communicate: rate, quality # spectral bandwidth requirement . Major components: CODEC, MODEM and channel modulation input output CODEC MODEM Medium 1 #12; ELEC3028 Digital Transmission -- MODEM S Chen Digital

Chen, Sheng

394

Data communications  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to recommend regulatory guidance for reviewers examining computer communication systems used in nuclear power plants. The recommendations cover three areas important to these communications systems: system design, communication protocols, and communication media. The first area, system design, considers three aspects of system design--questions about architecture, specific risky design elements or omissions to look for in designs being reviewed, and recommendations for multiplexed data communication systems used in safety systems. The second area reviews pertinent aspects of communication protocol design and makes recommendations for newly designed protocols or the selection of existing protocols for safety system, information display, and non-safety control system use. The third area covers communication media selection, which differs significantly from traditional wire and cable. The recommendations for communication media extend or enhance the concerns of published IEEE standards about three subjects: data rate, imported hazards and maintainability.

Preckshot, G.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1993-08-01

395

Chemical Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A concise lesson about chemical communication in insects covering both semio and info chemicals. The site includes a short video of grape root borer moths using sex pheromone. Further links on the take the user to visual and auditory communication.

0000-00-00

396

Lightwave Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes simple and inexpensive labs for introducing students to fiber optic communications. Students investigate light as a carrier wave; look into the difficulties associated with "light" communication; and learn about modulation, optical fibers, and critical angles. (PR)

Rheam, Harry

1993-01-01

397

Social participation of school-aged children who use communication aids: the views of children and parents.  

PubMed

Social participation is crucial for children's development and well-being; however, little is known about the social participation of children who use communication aids. This article presents findings from interviews with eight 5- to 14-year-old children who used communication aids and their parents about social participation, communicative interactions, and peer relationships. Video- and audio-recordings were transcribed and analyzed using thematic content analysis, and five themes were identified. Two themes reflect parents' views: Communication partners and strategies and Access to aided communication. Three themes reflect perceptions expressed both by children and parents: Participation in society, Interaction opportunities, and Social relationships. The findings provide insights into both the achievements and the challenges experienced by young people who use aided communication. PMID:25115791

Batorowicz, Beata; Campbell, Fiona; von Tetzchner, Stephen; King, Gillian; Missiuna, Cheryl

2014-09-01

398

Cultural Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is too often taken for granted that the communication process with culturally different children takes place as readily as it might with children from Anglo cultures. Most teachers receive training in verbal and formal communication skills; children come to school with nonverbal and informal communication skills. This initially can create…

Armas, Jose

399

Communication, Communication, Communication! Growth through Laboratory Instructing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined gains undergraduate students made in their communication and collaboration skills when they served as peer teachers, i.e., laboratory instructors (LIs), for a General Psychology laboratory. Self-ratings of communication and collaboration skills were completed before and after teaching the laboratory. When compared to before the…

Peterson, Jamie J.; DeAngelo, Samantha; Mack, Nancy; Thompson, Claudia; Cooper, Jennifer; Sesma, Arturo, Jr.

2014-01-01

400

Space flight operations communications phraseology and techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communications are a critical link in space flight operations. Specific communications phraseology and techniques have been developed to allow rapid and clear transfer of information. Communications will be clear and brief through the use of procedural words and phrases. Communications protocols standardize the required information transferred. The voicing of letters and numbers is discussed. The protocols used in air-to-ground communications are given. A glossary of communications terminology is presented in the appendix.

Noneman, S. R.

1986-01-01

401

Strategies of Human Mating  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern humans have inherited the mating strategies that led to the success of their ancestors. These strategies include long-term mating, short-term mating, extra-pair mating, mate poaching, and mate guarding. This article presents empirical evidence supporting evolution-based hypotheses about the complexities of these mating strategies. Since men and women historically confronted different adaptive problems in the mating domain, the sexes differ

David M. Buss

2006-01-01

402

SSBRP User Operations Facility (UOF) Overview and Development Strategy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will present the Space Station Biological Research Project (SSBRP) User Operations Facility (UOF) architecture and development strategy. A major element of the UOF at NASA Ames Research Center, the Communication and Data System (CDS) will be the primary focus of the discussions. CDS operational, telescience, security, and development objectives will be discussed along with CDS implementation strategy. The implementation strategy discussions will include: Object Oriented Analysis & Design, System & Software Prototyping, and Technology Utilization. A CDS design overview that includes: CDS Context Diagram, CDS Architecture, Object Models, Use Cases, and User Interfaces will also be presented. CDS development brings together "cutting edge" technologies and techniques such as: object oriented development, network security, multimedia networking, web-based data distribution, JAVA, and graphical user interfaces. Use of these "cutting edge" technologies and techniques translates directly to lower development and operations costs.

Picinich, Lou; Stone, Thom; Sun, Charles; Windrem, May; Givens, John J. (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

403

OP-TEC Presentations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from OP-TEC, the National Center for Optics and Photonics Education, contains a list of presentations given by OP-TEC at various conferences. Presentation topics include Improving Technician Education through E-materials and Innovative Online Teaching Strategies, Improving Technician Education through E-Books and E-Learning, and Enhancing High School Academic Programs by Infusing Photonics. A pdf of the presenter's slides are provided.

2011-10-11

404

Verbal Behavior and Communication Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Communication deficits are a defining characteristic of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (American Psychiatric Association,\\u000a 2000). Thus, it is not surprising that improving communication skills is the primary focus of virtually all early intervention\\u000a programs for children with ASD. Many of the most effective teaching strategies for building language come from the field of\\u000a applied behavior analysis (ABA) (see Matson, Benavidez,

Thomas S. Higbee; Tyra P. Sellers

405

Intranet Implementation as an HR Communication Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applications of World Wide Web-style institutional intranets and browsers to provide and manage information in college personnel administration are examined. The intranet can facilitate use of more complex data structures, protect data security, allow tracking of information and forms, eliminate hard-copy manuals, maintain up-to-date schedules,…

Murphy, Daniel J.; Andrews, Dianna M.

1996-01-01

406

Catalysts for OTC Drug Communication Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The elderly are the prime users of all medication and especially self-medication using Over-the-Counter (OTC) dtugs. This group also has the greatest risk from misuse or interaction of multiple medications. To minimize the risk, information about OTC consumption must be provided to the elderly. This research reports on the importance of various information sources to light and heavy users of

James R. Lumpkin; Sheila J. Lowrey; H. David Strutton; Christina Lim Kouzi

1991-01-01

407

Learning communication strategies in multiagent systems  

E-print Network

, and use a common information syntax. This asumption is required for agents to share information. The only component of an agent that is alowed to vary is the agent's specific problems skils. This means that agents can be experts in specific areas... paths through the network of agents. The next level of clasification depends on the information needs of the problem solving components of the diferent agents. The asumption is made that a common set of clasification rules exists for al agents...

Kinney, M.; Tsatsoulis, Costas

1998-07-01

408

Public Relations Strategies for Scholastic Publication Staffs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance to scholastic publications staffs of four public relations strategies: meticulous research, systematic planning, strengthening communication efforts, and evaluation. Notes internal and external factors crucial to good public relations. Lists activities to consider. (SR)

Konkle, Bruce E.

2000-01-01

409

Strategies for Dropout Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides descriptions of strategies for dropout prevention at the secondary level and presents examples of programs that successfully utilize these strategies. The information is based on data from a review of nearly 200 programs at secondary schools across the four-state Western region that includes Arizona, California, Nevada, and…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

410

The office of strategy management.  

PubMed

There is a disconnect in most companies between strategy formulation and strategy execution. On average, 95% of a company's employees are unaware of, or do not understand, its strategy. If employees are unaware of the strategy, they surely cannot help the organization implement it effectively. It doesn't have to be like this. For the past 15 years, the authors have studied companies that achieved performance breakthroughs by adopting the Balanced Scorecard and its associated tools to help them better communicate strategy to their employees and to guide and monitor the execution of that strategy. Some companies, of course, have achieved better, longer-lasting improvements than others. The organizations that have managed to sustain their strategic focus have typically established a new corporate-level unit to oversee all activities related to strategy: an office of strategy management (OS M). The OSM, in effect, acts as the CEO's chief of staff. It coordinates an array of tasks: communicating corporate strategy; ensuring that enterprise-level plans are translated into the plans of the various units and departments; executing strategic initiatives to deliver on the grand design; aligning employees' plans for competency development with strategic objectives; and testing and adapting the strategy to stay abreast of the competition. The OSM does not do all the work, but it facilitates the processes so that strategy is executed in an integrated fashion across the enterprise. Although the companies that Kaplan and Norton studied use the Balanced Scorecard as the framework for their strategy management systems, the authors say the lessons of the OSM are applicable even to companies that do not use it. PMID:16250626

Kaplan, Robert S; Norton, David P

2005-10-01

411

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: Rapid Communications Rapid Communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a general review of Superconductor Science and Technology, we have been examining the scope for Rapid Communications (RAPs). We recognize these articles make up an important part of the journal representing the latest state-of-the-art research in superconductivity. To reflect this, we have devised a new scope for this article type: 'Rapid Communications. The journal offers open access to outstanding short articles (no longer than 5 journal pages or 4500 words including figures) reporting new and timely developments in superconductivity and its applications. These articles should report very substantial new advances in superconductivity to the readers of Superconductor Science and Technology, but are not expected to meet any requirement of 'general interest'. RAPs will be processed quickly (average receipt to online publication for RAPs is around 60 days) and are permanently free to read in the electronic journal. Authors submitting a RAP should provide reasons why the work is urgent and requires rapid publication. Each RAP will be assessed for suitability by our Reviews and Rapid Communications Editor before full peer review takes place.' The essential points are: They should report very substantial new advances in superconductivity and its application; They must be no longer than 5 journal pages long (approx. 4500 words); Average publication time for a Rapid Communication is 60 days; They are free to read. As mentioned in the previous publisher's announcement (2009 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22 010101), each submitted Rapid Communication must come with a letter justifying why it should be prioritized over regular papers and will be pre-assessed by our Reviews and Rapid Communications Editor. In addition, we will work with the authors of any Rapid Communication to promote and raise the visibility of the work presented in it. We will be making further changes to the journal in the near future and we write to you accordingly. Thank you for your kind attention and I look forward to receiving your next Rapid Communication.

Miller, Tom

2009-09-01

412

Planning Strategic Communications and Outreach for the Solar Program  

SciTech Connect

Advances made through the Solar Program in photovoltaic and solar thermal technologies must be well communicated to appropriate audiences if further technical and market growth will occur. As the Program's communications team, we developed a plan to: (1) integrate communications across the various solar technologies and reduce redundancy; (2) target audiences and messages strategically; (3) respond better to changes in markets, technology perceptions, audiences, and funding; (4) develop communication projects within the context of other relevant plans (e.g., Solar Program Multi-Year Technical Plan); (5) leverage limited resources; and (6) cultivate a multiyear mentality. Our approach included profiling eight key audiences, including their perceptions of solar technologies; formulating audience-specific messages and communication objectives and strategies; and proposing communications tactics to reinforce the objectives. Presently, we are conducting a needs assessment of print products, as well as a gap analysis. We will then prioritize projects, complete high-priority projects, measure effectiveness of selected projects and the plan, and seek strategic connections with other activities and programs.

Pedigo, S.; Nahan, R.; Moon, S.; Gwinner, D.; Brooks, C.; Butler Burt, W.

2005-01-01

413

Communication tools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After completing this project you should be able to answer the question: How can Internet resources be used to improve communication in the classroom? There are different tools that can be used to enhance communication. As you examine each website record your findings in the Supporting communcation recording chart. Which tool did you like the best? Why? Go to the BB discussion tab and answer this question. Respond as others answer. How could it be used to foster communication? Now check ...

Mrs. Nunes-Bufford

2010-10-27

414

Animal Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The focus of this Science NetLinks lesson is threefold. First, to expose students to the fact that all species have a capacity for communication. Second, to enlighten students to the fact that communication abilities range from very simple to extremely complex, depending upon the species. Third, to realize that communication is influenced by a species' genetic makeup, its environment, and the numerous ways by which animals and humans respond to and adapt to their surroundings.

Science Netlinks

2003-09-09

415

Delivery presentations  

MedlinePLUS

Delivery presentation describes the way the baby (fetus) is positioned to come down the birth canal for delivery. ... THE DELIVERY PROCESS The delivery process is described in terms of fetal station, lie, attitude, and presentation. Fetal station: ...

416

Communication system modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents the results of work on communications systems modeling and covers three different areas of modeling. The first of these deals with the modeling of signals in communication systems in the frequency domain and the calculation of spectra for various modulations. These techniques are applied in determining the frequency spectra produced by a unified carrier system, the down-link portion of the Command and Communications System (CCS). The second modeling area covers the modeling of portions of a communication system on a block basis. A detailed analysis and modeling effort based on control theory is presented along with its application to modeling of the automatic frequency control system of an FM transmitter. A third topic discussed is a method for approximate modeling of stiff systems using state variable techniques.

Holland, L. D.; Walsh, J. R., Jr.; Wetherington, R. D.

1971-01-01

417

Natural drinking strategies  

E-print Network

We examine the fluid mechanics of drinking in nature. We classify the drinking strategies of a broad range of creatures according to the principal forces involved, and present physical pictures for each style. Simple scaling ...

Kim, Wonjung

418

Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (15th, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 13-17, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings of the 1993 convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) contains 70 papers and 1 symposium. Topics addressed by the papers include computer-based mapping for curriculum development; educational technology equipped classrooms; individual characteristics influencing learning; network resources…

Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; Abu-Omar, Kristen, Ed.

419

NASA'S communications programs - 1985  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's communications program was restructured in 1979 to develop selective high risk technology forced on relief of the orbit and frequency congestion and on developing new and affordable service. The central theme of the current technology thrust is one of developing interconnectivity technology and architecture to convert the present era of bent pipe satellite utilization to one using nodal points in space for both space and earth based information gateways and interfaces to terrestrial communication systems.

Lovell, R. R.; Cuccia, C. L.

1985-01-01

420

The Interview Project: Reinforcing Business Communication Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business communication instructors understand the value of helping students learn, discuss, apply, and manipulate communication strategies on the basis of purpose and audience. This rhetorical bent encourages active learning through activities and multi-purpose projects, but active learning often works best when students believe they are engaging…

Pope-Ruark, Rebecca

2008-01-01

421

Critical Connections: Communication for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes the implications of new communication technologies for business, politics, culture, and individuals, and suggests possible strategies and options for Congressional consideration. The report consists of 13 chapters: (1) Summary; (2) Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Communication Issues; (3) New Technologies and Changing…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

422

Control Strategy for Flexible Microgrid Based on Parallel Line-Interactive UPS Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the control strategy for a flexible microgrid is presented. The microgrid presented here consists of several line-interactive uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems connected in parallel. The control technique is based on the droop method to avoid critical communications among UPS units. Thus, a flexible microgrid is obtained to operate in either grid-connected or islanded mode. A small-signal

Josep M. Guerrero; Juan C. Vasquez; JosÉ Matas; Miguel Castilla; Luis Garcia de Vicuna

2009-01-01

423

Poster Presentation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To prepare their presentations students do background reading on a topic of their choosing. They are required to prepare a visual poster presentation of their topic that incorporates graphic elements and a short written summary of their topic. In class students are required to give a five minute oral presentation using their poster to illustrate their talk. They must then answer questions from their classmate and instructor. The final element of this assignment requires students to evaluate the work of their classmates and to ask questions about the topics other students present.

Kathryn Hoppe

424

Communication tools.  

PubMed

In this bimonthly series, the author examines how nurse educators can use Internet and Web-based computer technologies such as search, communication, and collaborative writing tools; social networking and social bookmarking sites; virtual worlds; and Web-based teaching and learning programs. This article describes Web-based communication tools and techniques to increase their effectiveness. PMID:19726955

Wink, Diane

2009-01-01

425

Speech Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The communications approach to teaching speech to high school students views speech as the study of the communication process in order to develop an awareness of and a sensitivity to the variables that affect human interaction. In using this approach the student is encouraged to try out as many types of messages using as many techniques and…

Anderson, Betty

426

Communicating up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chief communicators at many U.S. institutions are interested in forging closer ties with governing boards. Proponents say such relationships can increase board trust and confidence in communicators before a crisis occurs, making it easier to manage the institution's reputation and limit negative publicity when one does. At some institutions, such…

Lum, Lydia

2013-01-01

427

Communicator, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CAG "Communicator" focus is on serving gifted students in California. This document consists of the four issues of "communicator" issued during 1997. Featured articles include: (1) "The Gifted Student At Risk. It Can't Be True" (Judy Roseberry); (2) "Tech Net-Technology and At-Risk Students" (Judy Lieb); (3) "Reviving Ophelia: Saving the…

Bortolussi, Vicki, Ed.

1997-01-01

428

Presenters University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Everyone has to give presentations at some point in their career, whether they are in the field of criminal justice or animal husbandry. Fortunately for all such persons who might be experiencing presentation anxiety, there is the Presenters University website. While this â??universityâ?ť does not grant any honorary doctorates, they have assembled a fine selection of articles on presentation â??doâ??s and donâ??tsâ?ť, along with a section where visitors can â??Ask The Professorâ?ť about their most vexing presentation quandaries. The most useful material on this site is contained in the â??Coursesâ?ť area. Here, visitors can read such timely pieces as â??Storytelling-A Leadership Development Toolâ?ť, â??Themes in PowerPoint 2007â?ť, and â??How to Write and Deliver a Dynamite Speechâ?ť.

429

Clinical communication and patient safety.  

PubMed

JCAHO says communication problems were the leading root cause of sentinel events in 2005. The reasons are manifold: a harried environment, a hierarchical staffing system and illegible handwriting, to name a few. This gatefold examines the scope of the problem, including data and risk factors, and offers some strategies for improvement. PMID:16964898

Scalise, Dagmara

2006-08-01

430

Creative critical-thinking strategies.  

PubMed

Are you looking for strategies to teach critical thinking? The author presents a variety of quick, creative strategies to facilitate teaching critical-thinking skills. These strategies engage students in their learning and are adaptable to any nursing course. PMID:9069926

Chubinski, S

1996-01-01

431

Time to Reconsider Stem Cell Induction Strategies  

PubMed Central

Recent developments in stem cell research suggest that it may be time to reconsider the current focus of stem cell induction strategies. During the previous five years, approximately, the induction of pluripotency in somatic cells, i.e., the generation of so-called ‘induced pluripotent stem cells’ (iPSCs), has become the focus of ongoing research in many stem cell laboratories, because this technology promises to overcome limitations (both technical and ethical) seen in the production and use of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). A rapidly increasing number of publications suggest, however, that it is now possible to choose instead other, alternative ways of generating stem and progenitor cells bypassing pluripotency. These new strategies may offer important advantages with respect to ethics, as well as to safety considerations. The present communication discusses why these strategies may provide possibilities for an escape from the dilemma presented by pluripotent stem cells (self-organization potential, cloning by tetraploid complementation, patenting problems and tumor formation risk). PMID:24710555

Denker, Hans-Werner

2012-01-01

432

Information Presentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew on flight vehicles, surface landers and habitats, and during extra-vehicular activities (EVA). Designers of displays and controls for exploration missions must be prepared to select the text formats, label styles, alarms, electronic procedure designs, and cursor control devices that provide for optimal crew performance on exploration tasks. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within the Information Presentation DRP are: 1) Controls, 2) Displays, 3) Procedures, and 4) EVA Operations.

Holden, Kritina; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S. G.; McCann, R. S.; Kaiser, M. K.; Begault, D. R.; Adelstein, B. D.; Beutter, B. R.; Stone, L. S.

2008-01-01

433

Conservation Presentation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces a project in which students teach about the importance of recycling and conservation by presenting demonstrations. Includes demonstrations on water, plastic, and other recycling products such as steel. (YDS)

Friday, Gerald

2001-01-01

434

Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1997 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (19th, Albuquerque, NM, February 14-18, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings volume contains 57 papers. Subjects addressed include: cooperative technology education; children's learning strategies with hypermedia lessons; problem-based learning; instructional methodologies for lifelong learning; interactive television (ITV) design; theoretical bases for Human Performance Technology (HPT); use of cognitive…

Abel, Omalley, Ed.; And Others

435

“Doing” strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Most of today's conversations around crafting business strategy center on which strategic framework is most appropriate for a firm, its strategist, or CEO to use. This opinion piece seeks to argue that the focus on frameworks is inappropriate and distracts businesses from crafting holistic and adaptive strategies. To rectify the situation, it aims to offer a more inclusive

Jonathan Pugh; L. Jay Bourgeois III

2011-01-01

436

Information Presentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers at Johnson Space Center and Ames Research Center.

Holden, K.L.; Boyer, J.L.; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S.G.; McCann, R.S.; Begault, D.R.; Adelstein, B.D.; Beutter, B.R.; Stone, L.S.

2009-01-01

437

AMPA experimental communications systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program was conducted to demonstrate the satellite communication advantages of Adaptive Phased Array Technology. A laboratory based experiment was designed and implemented to demonstrate a low earth orbit satellite communications system. Using a 32 element, L-band phased array augmented with 4 sets of weights (2 for reception and 2 for transmission) a high speed digital processing system and operating against multiple user terminals and interferers, the AMPA system demonstrated: communications with austere user terminals, frequency reuse, communications in the face of interference, and geolocation. The program and experiment objectives are described, the system hardware and software/firmware are defined, and the test performed and the resultant test data are presented.

Beckerman, D.; Fass, S.; Keon, T.; Sielman, P.

1982-01-01

438

Risk Communication: the connection between assessment and management of changing risks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Working toward effective risk mitigation strategies amidst ever-present and increasingly changing risks requires first effective communication between assessment and management spheres. This notion permeates the spectrum of what can be considered the physical changing risk inputs that feed into the risk governance processes of assessment, management and communication of risks. Close connections and overlaps between assessment and management requires communication to serve as the crux for the close collaboration necessary for encouraging preventative, long-term strategies for reducing disaster risks.1 More specifically, communication of risk information plays this connective role by informing and advising policy and decision making processes conducted by actors such as spatial planners who receive this information. In this way, those who assess the risks provide information to those who must manage these risks. When this one-directional communication pathway is reciprocated, risk managers provide information to risk assessors, enabling two-way communication amongst actors working toward risk reduction. This communication and exchange of information enables development of strategies and actions taken toward creating and improving risk mitigation measures within a given territory and community. Further, management actions taken (especially for mitigative measures) can alter the physical and social elements of the spatial context of their territory.2 This demands an adjustment of the previous risk assessment information and communication of the change in potential risk. These conceptual underpinnings are addressed and presented through explanation of an analytical framework encompassing changing risk inputs into risk governance processes. The framework elaborates the risk communication component and is supported by practical examples from stakeholder meetings and site visits in the Polish and Romania case study areas of the Marie Curie ITN, CHANGES.3 Specific examples are provided especially within the topic of mitigation through spatial planning, as one of the risk management actors using the provided risk information to implement effective measures. Results of example analysis indicate that, in Poland, alteration in risk assessment methods according to the implementation of the EU Floods Directive may be detrimental to local level management strategies. In the case of Romania, evidence suggests that severe deficiencies exist in the communication and use of risk assessment information especially in the formation and implementation of land use plans. Utilizing these and other examples, the research concludes with some key points gleaned from the combination of the both conceptual and practical approach in order to foster dialogue and discussion toward future research.

Sprague, Teresa; Prenger-Berninghoff, Kathrin; Charričre, Marie

2013-04-01

439

A Study on Pragmatic Failure in Cross-Cultural Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through analyzing and comparing the anecdotes of pragmatic failure in cross-cultural communication from the aspects of lexicon, syntax and discourse, some pragmatic strategies are suggested in intercultural communication. To improve learners' cultural awareness and communicative competence, a cultural-linguistic approach in foreign language…

Fang, Jie

2010-01-01

440

Pilot assessment of an experiential disaster communication curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a disaster preparedness communication curriculum for public health graduate students' understanding and use of communication strategies for reaching vulnerable groups with preparedness messages. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A training module was piloted in a health communication seminar in 2008 (n=9 students) and 2009 (n=15 students). The interactive module included

Daniela B. Friedman; India D. Rose; Alexis Koskan

2011-01-01

441

eHealth communication and behavior change: promise and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional health communication interventions have often failed to show significant changes in people's behaviors. Guidance from social semiotic frameworks suggests that health communication interventions can be improved by incorporating greater participation by the intended audiences of users, paying greater attention to social contexts, and increasing broad use of integrated multimedia dissemination strategies. The use of eHealth communication has great promise

Linda Neuhauser; Gary L. Kreps

2010-01-01

442

Patient Communication: A Multidisciplinary Approach Using Animated Cartoons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication is a major problem in the management of patients. Miscommunication occurs frequently in populations with low reading skills, illiteracy does not completely account for the observed low rates of recall of communicated information. Transmission of the message also plays an important role. Successful strategies to improve communication

Leiner, Marie; Handal, Gilbert; Williams, Darryl

2004-01-01

443

Audience Insights: Communicating to Teens (Aged 12-17)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CDC's Marketing and Communication Strategy Branch (MCSB) in the National Center for Health Marketings Division of Health Communication and Marketing divides audiences into segments with similar needs, preferences, and characteristics and provides CDC programs with audience-specific information, marketing expertise, and communication planning. To…

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

2009-01-01

444

Taking Charge of Health Care Communication in 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of communication between the college or university and its employees over health care reform is discussed. Communication needs that have emerged from the health care reform debate are examined, and elements in a successful organizational communication strategy are outlined. (MSE)

O'Connell, Katherine S.

1995-01-01

445

Considerations for the Provision of Services to Bilingual Children Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication.  

PubMed

Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) service providers are increasingly serving a significant number of clients from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. In this paper, we discuss general considerations and future research needs relevant to the use of AAC strategies and techniques with bilingual children, specifically, issues related to the scaffolding of communication and language development in more than one language, and the selection and customization of AAC systems for bilingual children. We do so by first reviewing key research on bilingualism with children with communication disabilities and its implications for research and practice in the AAC field. We propose the use of a sociocultural approach to AAC service delivery and argue for the support of both languages needed by the child to fully participate in his or her communicative environments. Implications of the sociocultural perspective and future research needs are also presented. PMID:24471987

Soto, Gloria; Yu, Betty

2014-01-28

446

Students' Strategies for Exception Handling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study discusses and presents various strategies employed by novice programmers concerning exception handling. The main contributions of this paper are as follows: we provide an analysis tool to measure the level of assimilation of exception handling mechanism; we present and analyse strategies to handle exceptions; we present and analyse…

Rashkovits, Rami; Lavy, Ilana

2011-01-01

447

Teaching Partner-Focused Questions to Students Who Use Augmentative Communication to Initiate and Lengthen Their Communication Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students that use augmentative communication often have a hard time breaking into conversations, initiating conversations and then being able to sustain a conversation. Students that use augmentative communication (ACC) need training in not only the use of the machine but in social communication rules, and in strategies on how to bypass…

Moore, Sondra; Rettig, Michael A.

2009-01-01

448

Effects of Parent Instruction on the Symbolic Communication of Children Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication during Storybook Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study investigated the effects of a communication partner instruction strategy for parents of children using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) on the communicative turn taking of their children. Instruction was provided within storybook-reading contexts. Method: Two single-subject multiple-probe-across-participants…

Kent-Walsh, Jennifer; Binger, Cathy; Hasham, Zishan

2010-01-01

449

Acoustic Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Concise lecture on sound production in insects. Stridulation, forced air through spiracles, wing vibration, and tapping are all discussed with examples. Advantages and disadvantages of sound production are also discussed. The page also links to chemical, and visual communication pages.

0000-00-00

450

Strategies for antimicrobial drug delivery to biofilm.  

PubMed

Biofilms are formed by the attachment of single or mixed microbial communities to a variety of biological and/or synthetic surfaces. Biofilm micro-organisms benefit from many advantages of the polymicrobial environment including increased resistance against antimicrobials and protection against the host organism's defence mechanisms. These benefits stem from a number of structural and physiological differences between planktonic and biofilm-resident microbes, but two main factors are the presence of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and quorum sensing communication. Once formed, biofilms begin to synthesise EPS, a complex viscous matrix composed of a variety of macromolecules including proteins, lipids and polysaccharides. In terms of drug delivery strategies, it is the EPS that presents the greatest barrier to diffusion for drug delivery systems and free antimicrobial agents alike. In addition to EPS synthesis, biofilm-based micro-organisms can also produce small, diffusible signalling molecules involved in cell density-dependent intercellular communication, or quorum sensing. Not only does quorum sensing allow microbes to detect critical cell density numbers, but it also permits co-ordinated behaviour within the biofilm, such as iron chelation and defensive antibiotic activities. Against this backdrop of microbial defence and cell density-specific communication, a variety of drug delivery systems have been developed to deliver antimicrobial agents and antibiotics to extracellular and/or intracellular targets, or more recently, to interfere with the specific mechanisms of quorum sensing. Successful delivery strategies have employed lipidic and polymeric-based formulations such as liposomes and cyclodextrins respectively, in addition to inorganic carriers e.g. metal nanoparticles. This review will examine a range of drug delivery systems and their application to biofilm delivery, as well as pharmaceutical formulations with innate antimicrobial properties such as silver nanoparticles and microemulsions. PMID:25189862

Martin, Claire; Low, Wan Li; Gupta, Abhishek; Amin, Mohd Cairul Iqbal Mohd; Radecka, Iza; Britland, Stephen T; Raj, Prem; Kenward, Ken M A

2015-01-01

451

Chemical communication in isoptera.  

PubMed

The semiochemicals produced by termites have been little studied compared to those of ants and bees. Among the limiting factors are the cryptic habits of termites, together with the difficulty in maintaining many species in the laboratory. The semiochemicals of Isoptera include trail, sex and alarm pheromones and a complex mixture of substances responsible for the recognition of nestmates. Although little is known about the semiochemicals of termites, available data indicate a strategy of pheromonal parsimony in the chemistry communication of these insects, i.e., the same compound is sometimes secreted by different glands, different species and for different functions. PMID:19347093

Costa-Leonardo, Ana M; Casarin, Fabiana E; Lima, Juliana T

2009-01-01

452

Proximity communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports results from wireless chip to chip communication experiments. Sixteen bit words pass from one chip to another in parallel without detectable error at 1.35 billion data items per second for a total data rate of 21.6 Gigabits per second. The experiment transmits pseudo random patterns between chips built in 350nm CMOS technology. Chips touch face-to-face to communicate.

Robert J. Drost; Robert David Hopkins; Ivan E. Sutherland

2004-01-01

453

Wireless Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This quicktime animation examines the basics in wireless communication. Wireless communication has become pervasive in everyday life, providing convenience, piece of mind as well as emergency preparedness for its users through instant accessibility. The cell phone antenna is the link to the outside world. Designed to transmit as well as receive the RF signals, it efficiently couples the electromagnetic waves to the transmitter and receiver.

Van Zeghbroeck, Bart Jozef

454

Communication-Based Assessment of Developmental Age for Young Children with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this study, the authors compared a multiple-domain strategy for assessing developmental age of young children with developmental disabilities who were at risk for long-term reliance on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) with a communication-based strategy composed of receptive language and communication indices that may…

DeVeney, Shari L.; Hoffman, Lesa; Cress, Cynthia J.

2012-01-01

455

Polymers Presentation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 15 page PowerPoint contains the presentation for the polymers module from Nano-Link. This lesson requires a background in eight grade science. Various details of polymers are discussed including molecular structures, cross-linked polymers, and ringed polymers. Lastly, an activity to explore cross-linked polymers is included. Visitors must complete a quick and free registration to access the materials.

456

Monitoring Change Through the Augmentative Communication Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Augmentative Communication Profile (ACP) was developed as a tool for monitoring change with students using augmentative communication. The ACP helps teachers and therapists describe the student's present proficiency in augmentative/alternative communication use, analyze the present system's strengths and weaknesses, identify factors…

Haney, Colleen; Quinlisk-Gill, Susan

457

Effective Strategies Brief  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this research brief the authors detail effective teaching strategies for teaching students with difficulties in math. The brief summarizes the work of over fifty research studies and details the practices that were seen as consistently effective across many of them. The brief details six instructional strategies and presents data describing the effectiveness of each on special education students and low-achieving students. The brief can be viewed on the webpage or downloaded as a PDF.

Gersten, Russell; Clarke, Benjamin S.

2007-01-01

458

Use of communications. [satellite communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Progress in the field of satellite communications is reviewed, and useful services which may be provided by future satellite communications systems are considered. Recommendations are made with regard to mobile communications for use on land and at sea, position determination, mineral and energy exploration, the possibility of using electronic means to assist in main delivery, education and health-care experiments, and the use of satellite telecommunications to enhance the quality of life in rural areas by making available a full range of educational and entertainment programs. The needs of the amateur radio community are also considered.

1975-01-01

459

Effective Responder Communication Improves Efficiency and Psychological Outcomes in a Mass Decontamination Field Experiment: Implications for Public Behaviour in the Event of a Chemical Incident  

PubMed Central

The risk of incidents involving mass decontamination in response to a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear release has increased in recent years, due to technological advances, and the willingness of terrorists to use unconventional weapons. Planning for such incidents has focused on the technical issues involved, rather than on psychosocial concerns. This paper presents a novel experimental study, examining the effect of three different responder communication strategies on public experiences and behaviour during a mass decontamination field experiment. Specifically, the research examined the impact of social identity processes on the relationship between effective responder communication, and relevant outcome variables (e.g. public compliance, public anxiety, and co-operative public behaviour). All participants (n?=?111) were asked to visualise that they had been involved in an incident involving mass decontamination, before undergoing the decontamination process, and receiving one of three different communication strategies: 1) ‘Theory-based communication’: Health-focused explanations about decontamination, and sufficient practical information; 2) ‘Standard practice communication’: No health-focused explanations about decontamination, sufficient practical information; 3) ‘Brief communication’: No health-focused explanations about decontamination, insufficient practical information. Four types of data were collected: timings of the decontamination process; observational data; and quantitative and qualitative self-report data. The communication strategy which resulted in the most efficient progression of participants through the decontamination process, as well as the fewest observations of non-compliance and confusion, was that which included both health-focused explanations about decontamination and sufficient practical information. Further, this strategy resulted in increased perceptions of responder legitimacy and increased identification with responders, which in turn resulted in higher levels of expected compliance during a real incident, and increased willingness to help other members of the public. This study shows that an understanding of the social identity approach facilitates the development of effective responder communication strategies for incidents involving mass decontamination. PMID:24595097

Carter, Holly; Drury, John; Amlôt, Richard; Rubin, G. James; Williams, Richard

2014-01-01

460

Effective responder communication improves efficiency and psychological outcomes in a mass decontamination field experiment: implications for public behaviour in the event of a chemical incident.  

PubMed

The risk of incidents involving mass decontamination in response to a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear release has increased in recent years, due to technological advances, and the willingness of terrorists to use unconventional weapons. Planning for such incidents has focused on the technical issues involved, rather than on psychosocial concerns. This paper presents a novel experimental study, examining the effect of three different responder communication strategies on public experiences and behaviour during a mass decontamination field experiment. Specifically, the research examined the impact of social identity processes on the relationship between effective responder communication, and relevant outcome variables (e.g. public compliance, public anxiety, and co-operative public behaviour). All participants (n?=?111) were asked to visualise that they had been involved in an incident involving mass decontamination, before undergoing the decontamination process, and receiving one of three different communication strategies: 1) 'Theory-based communication': Health-focused explanations about decontamination, and sufficient practical information; 2) 'Standard practice communication': No health-focused explanations about decontamination, sufficient practical information; 3) 'Brief communication': No health-focused explanations about decontamination, insufficient practical information. Four types of data were collected: timings of the decontamination process; observational data; and quantitative and qualitative self-report data. The communication strategy which resulted in the most efficient progression of participants through the decontamination process, as well as the fewest observations of non-compliance and confusion, was that which included both health-focused explanations about decontamination and sufficient practical information. Further, this strategy resulted in increased perceptions of responder legitimacy and increased identification with responders, which in turn resulted in higher levels of expected compliance during a real incident, and increased willingness to help other members of the public. This study shows that an understanding of the social identity approach facilitates the development of effective responder communication strategies for incidents involving mass decontamination. PMID:24595097

Carter, Holly; Drury, John; Amlôt, Richard; Rubin, G James; Williams, Richard

2014-01-01

461

CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative Knowledge) and COMMUNICATION (Written Communication) and  

E-print Network

) and CRITICAL THINKING (Analytic Skills): Students in Languages and Linguistics will develop an awareness Communication; Oral Communication) and CRITICAL THINKING (Analytic Skills): Students will demonstrate and oral presentations are expected to exhibit mature critical thinking, as well as the ability to employ

Fernandez, Eduardo

462

A caching strategy to reduce network impacts of PCS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose an auxiliary strategy, called per-user caching, for locating users who move from place to place while using Personal Communications Services (PCS). The caching strategy augments the basic location strategy proposed in existing standards such as GSM and IS-41, with the objective of reducing network signaling and database loads in exchange for increased CPU processing and memory costs. Since

Ravi Jain; Yi-Bing Lin; C. Lo; S. Mohan

1994-01-01

463

EVALUATING ENERGY-AWARE TASK ALLOCATION STRATEGIES FOR MPSOCS  

E-print Network

EVALUATING ENERGY-AWARE TASK ALLOCATION STRATEGIES FOR MPSOCS Fabio Wronski, Eduardo Wenzel BriĂŁo of current market trends, the evaluation of task allocation strategies in multiprocessor system strategies in MPSoCs, these two types of simulation models must be combined, since communication

Wagner, Flávio Rech

464

Multi-Site Declustering Strategies Very High Database Service Availability  

E-print Network

-distance, communication networks like ATM. The thesis shows how existing declustering strategies like Mirrored flexibility with respect to repair strategy, number of sites, and usage pattern. To evaluate availabilityMulti-Site Declustering Strategies for Very High Database Service Availability �ystein Torbjørnsen

465

Diabetes City: How Urban Game Design Strategies Can Help Diabetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer Games are about to leave their “electronic shells” and enter the city. So-called Serious Pervasive Games (SPGs) [1] allow for hybrid - simultaneously physical and virtual - experiences, applying technologies of ubiquitous computing, communication and “intelligent” interfaces. They begin to focus on non-entertaining purposes. The following article a) presents game design strategies as a missing link between pervasive computing, Ambient Intelligence and user’s everyday life. Therefore it spurs a discussion how Pervasive Healthcare focusing on the therapy and prevention of chronic diseases can benefit from urban game design strategies. b) Moreover the article presents the development and work in progress of “DiabetesCity“ - an educational game prototype for young diabetics.

Knöll, Martin

466

Linguistic nonimmediacy and self-presentation.  

PubMed

It has been previously shown that Ss accurately infer communicators' levels of negative effect on the basis of communicators' levels of linguistic nonimmediacy (the degree of verbal indirectness with which a communicator refers to himself or to that about which he communicates). It was hypothesized that Ss would also rely on communicators' levels of linguistic nonimmediacy for impression formation, specifically that Ss would perceive communicators using lower levels of linguistic nonimmediacy as more authoritative and as having a more positive character than communicators using higher levels of linguistic nonimmediacy. The hypothesis was partially confirmed in a study of 12 college students who rated samples of student speeches by means of McCroskey's impression formation instrument for public speakers. The results were discussed in terms of the role of language in self-presentation and the role of interpretative procedures in social interaction. PMID:1195147

Conville, R L

1975-07-01

467

Advanced communications experiments for Spacelab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Spacelab design and mission capabilities appear to provide a practical vehicle for meeting communication experiment needs. Results of recent discussions and numerous contractual activities have conclusively corroborated the potential useful role that a manned laboratory in space can afford to the communications community. Some examples of the experiments that appear presently as strong candidates for early flights on the Spacelab missions of the 1980s are discussed. Particular attention is given to radio frequency interference, bandwidth compressive modulation, laser experimentation, and use of large deployable communications antenna. It can be expected that the Spacelab will reduce the time, risk, and cost for conducting some communications experiments and developing the related space technology.

Ehrlich, E.

1975-01-01

468

Simple Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lot of misunderstandings exist regarding sustainable, or green, construction. It is important that educators understand the benefits so they can communicate them to stakeholders. According to the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), a $4 investment (per square foot) in building green nets a $58 benefit (per square foot) over 20 years. Savings…

Stevens, Tod

2008-01-01

469

Line supervision of alarm communications  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to explain the role and application of alarm communication link supervision in security systems such as for nuclear facilities. The vulnerabilities of the various types of alarm communication links will be presented. Throughout the paper, an effort has been made to describe only those technologies commercially available and to avoid speculative theoretical solutions.

Chritton, M.R. (BE, Inc., Barnwell, SC (United States))

1991-01-01

470

Asian Communication: Research, Training, Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selection of eight papers on Asian communication is presented for the purpose of alerting communication researchers to significant work being done outside of the academic community. Topics include (1) a Malaysian experience in using commercial resources for audience research, (2) a content analysis model of the Pakistani press, (3) the…

Lerner, Daniel, Ed.

471

Communications: Where Schools Go Wrong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This speech presents the ten commandments of communicating educational information to school district patrons. When dealing with parents' and citizens' groups, an administrator should (1) keep no secrets, (2) be honest, (3) have a planned information program, (4) communicate with all publics, (5) respond to other groups' needs as well as his own,…

Muir, Kenneth K.

472

[Communication behavior in psychotic children].  

PubMed

This study presents a descriptive approach to communication and interactions in a psychotic group children, without adult intervention. This investigation use a ethological method. The results show correlation between children's non verbal communication degree and the degree of severity in psychiatric troubles. PMID:2973829

Brand, G; Taillard, C

1988-01-01

473

What Do Communication Trainers Do?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective trainers have mastered the skills of facilitating discussion, providing helpful feedback to others, and presenting training content in an engaging manner. An experienced trainer is able to adapt training content to meet the specific needs of the trainee. Communication training is the process of developing communication skills in order to…

Beebe, Steven A.

2007-01-01

474

Organizational communication as cultural performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the past ten to fifteen years, the “systems” metaphor has guided organizational communication research. Recently, a sizable number of management and organizational communication scholars have suggested a different guiding metaphor—that of organizational culture. Present notions of organizational culture, however, tend to focus on static, structural features of culture, and researchers are often content to document the existence of such

Michael E. Pacanowsky

1983-01-01

475

Crisis Revisited: An Analysis of Strategies Used by Tylenol in the Second Tampering Episode.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how Johnson & Johnson's crisis communication management adhered to many of the recommended guidelines for managing contingency planning, for mobilizing a crisis communication effort, and for post-crisis communication. Reveals the advantageous use of flexible, proactive, and corollary communication strategies. (MS)

Benson, James A.

1988-01-01

476

Planning Strategically for Communication--A Holistic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary cause of difficulties in the implementation phase of planned change in business organizations is the lack of a parallel communication plan to facilitate the changes implied by new strategy. Planners usually concentrate on content (the strategy itself) to the neglect of process (how the strategy should be developed and implemented).…

Frank, Allan D.

477

Quantitative glycomics strategies.  

PubMed

The correlations between protein glycosylation and many biological processes and diseases are increasing the demand for quantitative glycomics strategies enabling sensitive monitoring of changes in the abundance and structure of glycans. This is currently attained through multiple strategies employing several analytical techniques such as capillary electrophoresis, liquid chromatography, and mass spectrometry. The detection and quantification of glycans often involve labeling with ionic and/or hydrophobic reagents. This step is needed in order to enhance detection in spectroscopic and mass spectrometric measurements. Recently, labeling with stable isotopic reagents has also been presented as a very viable strategy enabling relative quantitation. The different strategies available for reliable and sensitive quantitative glycomics are herein described and discussed. PMID:23325767

Mechref, Yehia; Hu, Yunli; Desantos-Garcia, Janie L; Hussein, Ahmed; Tang, Haixu

2013-04-01

478

Perceived Instructor In-class Communicative Behaviors As a Predictor of Student Participation in Out of Class Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of instructor in-class communicative behaviors on college student participation in out of class communication (OCC). Participants were 298 students enrolled in an introductory communication course at a Mid-Atlantic university who completed the Communication Functions Questionnaire, the modified Affinity-Seeking Strategy scale, and the Out of Class Interaction scale. Results of stepwise

Scott A. Myers; Matthew M. Martin; Jennifer L. Knapp

2005-01-01

479

Communicating with Virtual Humans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The face is a small part of a human, but it plays an essential role in communication. An open hybrid system for facial animation is presented. It encapsulates a considerable amount of information regarding facial models, movements, expressions, emotions, and speech. The complex description of facial animation can be handled better by assigning…

Thalmann, Nadia Magnenat

480

Digital communications study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research is reported dealing with problems of digital data transmission and computer communications networks. The results of four individual studies are presented which include: (1) signal processing with finite state machines, (2) signal parameter estimation from discrete-time observations, (3) digital filtering for radar signal processing applications, and (4) multiple server queues where all servers are not identical.

Boorstyn, R. R.

1973-01-01

481

Communication over Individual Channels  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of communicating over a channel that does not have a mathematical or probabilistic model - only the transmitted input sequence and the resulting output sequence are known a-posteriori. We present achievable rates as a function of the channel input and output for discrete and continuous channels, as well as a rate-adaptive scheme employing feedback which achieves

Yuval Lomnitz; Meir Feder

2009-01-01

482

Efficient Packet Satellite Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an extensive analysis of a Packet satellite (PACSAT) communications system that uses a digital processing satellite in a packet data network. It is shown that multiple uplinks coupled with on-board switching and storage can provide significant gains in throughput, efficiency, and margin against instability. Design tradeoffs are presented and the theoretical results are verified by extensive computer

JOSEPH K. DEROSA; LAWRENCE H. OZAROW; LESLIE N. WEINER

1979-01-01

483

Mobile satellite communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents an up-to-date overview as well as new results on mobile satellite communications. Specifically, the following subjects are addressed: worldwide activities; satellite orbits; multiple access techniques; Novstar global positioning system; economic and regulatory issues; future trends. Some of these technical and nontechnical subjects appeal disjoint, but they are unique and significant among the many facets, which effect the

W. W. Wu; E. F. Miller; W. L. Pritchard; R. L. Pickholtz

1994-01-01

484

Signals from Communications Satellites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Doppler effect for relative motion between a source of waves and an observer and the orbital dynamics of communications satellites. Presents preliminary calculations of the satellite's altitude and linear velocity using only the concepts of the Doppler shift and the mechanics of motion in a circular path. (JRH)

Thomsen, Volker

1996-01-01

485

Culture and Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Representing a refereed selection of papers from the 1994 JALT Kansai Conference, this collection of 25 papers contains formal presentations, teaching experiences, research projects, and ideas for effective teaching. The papers and their authors are, as follows: (1) "Culturally Influenced Communication Patterns: Overview, Implications and…

Kitao, Kenji, Ed.; And Others

486

Applied Communication Consulting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a writing project in an honors business-communication class in which the student team became consultants to a health-care business, revising existing collection letters and creating new documents to meet the needs of both patients and insurance companies, in the process preparing proposals, reports, data analysis, and oral presentations.…

Davis, Barbara D.; Krapels, Roberta H.

1999-01-01

487

Communications Network  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Multi-Compatible Network Interface Unit (MCNIU) is intended to connect the space station's communications and tracking, guidance and navigation, life support, electric power, payload data, hand controls, display consoles and other systems, and also communicate with diverse processors. Honeywell is now marketing MCNIU commercially. It has applicability in certain military operations or civil control centers. It has nongovernment utility among large companies, universities and research organizations that transfer large amounts of data among workstations and computers. *This product is no longer commercially available.

1990-01-01

488

Interpreter-mediated diabetes consultations: a qualitative analysis of physician communication practices  

PubMed Central

Background Patient-provider communication, in particular physicians’ ability to listen to their patients, and support them in making difficult lifestyle changes, is an essential component of effective diabetes care. Clinical communication around diabetes can be especially challenging when language barriers are present, and may contribute to poor diabetes management and outcomes. Clinicians need to be aware of and address potential communication difficulties associated with interpreter-mediated consultations. The purpose of our study was to explore how physicians communicate in interpreter-mediated consultations with diabetic patients, and how their communication behaviors may impact diabetes communication and care. Method We analyzed transcripts from 8 audio recorded, outpatient consultations at the Basel University Hospital general medicine outpatient clinic involving Turkish-speaking patients, German-speaking physicians, and Turkish-German interpreters (both community interpreters and family members). Results Clinicians used closed questions when asking about symptoms and glucose control. When providing information and explanation, they spoke in long and complex speech turns. They often directed their speech to interpreters or became sidetracked by family members’ questions or requests for information. Patients’ participation in the consultation was minimal, and limited to brief answers to clinicians’ questions. Conclusions Clinicians need to be aware of common pitfalls that diminish patient-centeredness during interpreter-mediated consultations, and learn strategies to avoid them. Attention to established guidelines on triadic communication is recommended, as is hands-on training with interpreters. PMID:24152539

2013-01-01

489

Information Processes Mediate the Effect of a Health Communication Intervention on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health communication interventions have been effective in promoting fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC). To explore mechanisms underlying health communication effectiveness, the authors investigated whether information processes mediated the relationship between health communication and FVC, using data from NC STRIDES. NC STRIDES tested the efficacy of two health communication strategies to promote FVC among a diverse population-based sample of older adults.

Linda K. Ko; Marci K. Campbell; Megan A. Lewis; Jo Anne Earp; Brenda DeVellis

2011-01-01

490

A Domain Specific Modeling Approach for Coordinating User-Centric Communication Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid advances in electronic communication devices and technologies have resulted in a shift in the way communication applications are being developed. These new development strategies provide abstract views of the underlying communication technologies and lead to the so-called "user-centric communication applications." One user-centric…

Wu, Yali

2011-01-01

491

Energy-Constrained Link Adaptation for MIMO OFDM Wireless Communication Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a link adaptation strategy for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) based wireless communications. Our objective is to choose the optimal mode that will maximize energy efficiency or data throughput subject to a given quality of service (QoS) constraint. We formulate the link adaptation problem as a convex optimization problem and expand the set of parameters

Hun-Seok Kim; Babak Daneshrad

2010-01-01

492

A metasynthesis of patient-provider communication in hospital for patients with severe communication disabilities: informing new translational research.  

PubMed

Poor patient-provider communication in hospital continues to be cited as a possible causal factor in preventable adverse events for patients with severe communication disabilities. Yet to date there are no reports of empirical interventions that investigate or demonstrate an improvement in communication in hospital for these patients. The aim of this review was to synthesize the findings of research into communication in hospital for people with severe communication disabilities arising from lifelong and acquired stable conditions including cerebral palsy, autism, intellectual disability, aphasia following stroke, but excluding progressive conditions and those solely related to sensory impairments of hearing or vision. Results revealed six core strategies suggested to improve communication in hospital: (a) develop services, systems, and policies that support improved communication, (b) devote enough time to communication, (c) ensure adequate access to communication tools (nurse call systems and communication aids), (d) access personally held written health information, (e) collaborate effectively with carers, spouses, and parents, and (f) increase the communicative competence of hospital staff. Currently there are no reports that trial or validate any of these strategies specifically in hospital settings. Observational and evaluative research is needed to investigate the ecological validity of strategies proposed to improve communication. PMID:25229213

Hemsley, Bronwyn; Balandin, Susan

2014-12-01

493

A Metasynthesis of Patient-Provider Communication in Hospital for Patients with Severe Communication Disabilities: Informing New Translational Research  

PubMed Central

Poor patient–provider communication in hospital continues to be cited as a possible causal factor in preventable adverse events for patients with severe communication disabilities. Yet to date there are no reports of empirical interventions that investigate or demonstrate an improvement in communication in hospital for these patients. The aim of this review was to synthesize the findings of research into communication in hospital for people with severe communication disabilities arising from lifelong and acquired stable conditions including cerebral palsy, autism, intellectual disability, aphasia following stroke, but excluding progressive conditions and those solely related to sensory impairments of hearing or vision. Results revealed six core strategies suggested to improve communication in hospital: (a) develop services, systems, and policies that support improved communication, (b) devote enough time to communication, (c) ensure adequate access to communication tools (nurse call systems and communication aids), (d) access personally held written health information, (e) collaborate effectively with carers, spouses, and parents, and (f) increase the communicative competence of hospital staff. Currently there are no reports that trial or validate any of these strategies specifically in hospital settings. Observational and evaluative research is needed to investigate the ecological validity of strategies proposed to improve communication. PMID:25229213

Balandin, Susan

2014-01-01

494

Physician-patient communication in managed care.  

PubMed Central

The quality of physician-patient communication affects important health care outcomes. Managed care presents a number of challenges to physician-patient communication, including shorter visits, decreased continuity, and lower levels of trust. Good communication skills can help physicians create and maintain healthy relationships with patients in the face of these challenges. We describe 5 communication dilemmas that are common in managed care and review possible solutions suggested by recent literature on physician-patient communication. We also describe ways that managed care plans can promote more effective communication between physicians and patients. PMID:8553634

Gordon, G H; Baker, L; Levinson, W

1995-01-01

495

Physician-patient communication in managed care.  

PubMed

The quality of physician-patient communication affects important health care outcomes. Managed care presents a number of challenges to physician-patient communication, including shorter visits, decreased continuity, and lower levels of trust. Good communication skills can help physicians create and maintain healthy relationships with patients in the face of these challenges. We describe 5 communication dilemmas that are common in managed care and review possible solutions suggested by recent literature on physician-patient communication. We also describe ways that managed care plans can promote more effective communication between physicians and patients. PMID:8553634

Gordon, G H; Baker, L; Levinson, W

1995-12-01

496

Satellite Communications for ATM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation is an overview on Satellite Communication for the Aeronautical Telecommunication Management (ATM) research. Satellite Communications are being considered by the FAA and NASA as a possible alternative to the present and future ground systems supporting Air Traffic Communications. The international Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) have in place Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPS) for the Aeronautical Mobile Satellite Services (AMSS) which is mainly derived from the pre-existing Inmarsat service that has been in service since the 1980s. The Working Group A of the Aeronautical Mobile Communication Panel of ICAO has also been investigating SARPS for what is called the Next Generation Satellite Service (NGSS) which conforms less to the Inmarsat based architecture and explores wider options in terms of satellite architectures. Several designs are being proposed by Firms such as Boeing, ESA, NASA that are geared toward full or secondary usage of satellite communications for ATM. Satellite communications for ATM can serve several purposes ranging from primary usage where ground services would play a minimal backup role, to an integrated solution where it will be used to cover services, or areas that are less likely to be supported by the proposed and existing ground infrastructure. Such Integrated roles can include usage of satellite communications for oceanic and remote land areas for example. It also can include relieving the capacity of the ground network by providing broadcast based services of Traffic Information Services messages (TIS-B), or Flight Information Services (FIS-B) which can take a significant portion of the ground system capacity. Additionally, satellite communication can play a backup role to support any needs for ground replacement, or additional needed capacity even after the new digital systems are in place. The additional bandwidth that can be provided via satellite communications can also open the door for many new applications that generally will enhance the standard services provided. All of those possibilities were investigated and comments, as well as descriptions of those analyses are put forward, as well as suggestions for future areas of study.

Shamma, Mohammed A.

2003-01-01

497

Picking the right strategy: Reaching the public through New Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a university-based science laboratory with limited resources to commit to social media, what is the right suite of social media efforts to employ? In this presentation, you will learn about the strategies that have worked for us at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics Office of Communications & Outreach : - Rely on grant-funded programs to provide the means and momentum to expand into new terrain, explore new channels, and undertake thorough evaluation of our efforts - Leverage our dissemination efforts by providing cutting-edge educational experiences for New Media communicators--creating relationships and name recognition that help us "go viral" - Fold newly gained expertise back into resource-limited institutional efforts Connect with us at http://lasp.colorado.edu!

Renfrow, S.; Mason, T.; Lubeck, M.

2012-12-01

498

Communicator, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four 1999 issues of the "Communicator" address reading needs of gifted children, middle schools, parenting the gifted, and the needs of young gifted children. Featured articles include: (1) "Academic Advocacy for the Forgotten Readers--Gifted and Advanced Learners" (Reading Task Force of the California Association for the Gifted); (2)…

Gosfield, Margaret, Ed.

1999-01-01

499

Communicative networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay introduces the concept of communicative networks by analyzing Jacob A. Riis's journalistic attempts to solve social problems in New York's slums at the turn of last century. This renowned social reformer not only believed in the mobilizing potential of various networks for public transportation, but also established networks of his own through his books and newspaper articles, which

Peter Bro

2004-01-01

500

49. Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This half-hour video includes 18 classroom excerpts from classroom lessons which show students representing, discussing, reading, writing, and listening as vital parts of learning and using mathematics. It shows how communication that arises naturally from rich tasks and experiences fosters understanding of mathematical concepts and development of mathematical language.

Cadwallader, Lynn

2013-01-01