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1

Teaching Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of communication strategies to learners of English as a second language is discussed. Definitions of communication strategies are examined, and a working definition is constructed: a technique used to solve problems in reaching a communication goal. The relationships between communication strategies and communicative competence and…

Ogane, Masakatsu

2

Sensor Networks Communication strategies  

E-print Network

Outline Sensor Networks Communication strategies Follow on Distributed estimation in sensor@dsi.unifi.it February 1, 2007 A. Benavoli Fully Decentralized Networks #12;Outline Sensor Networks Communication strategies Follow on Outline 1 Sensor Networks An introduction to Sensor Networks Network architectures

Chisci, Luigi

3

NASA science communications strategy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1994, the Clinton Administration issued a report, 'Science in the National Interest', which identified new national science goals. Two of the five goals are related to science communications: produce the finest scientists and engineers for the 21st century, and raise scientific and technological literacy of all Americans. In addition to the guidance and goals set forth by the Administration, NASA has been mandated by Congress under the 1958 Space Act to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination concerning its activities and the results thereof'. In addition to addressing eight Goals and Plans which resulted from a January 1994 meeting between NASA and members of the broader scientific, education, and communications community on the Public Communication of NASA's Science, the Science Communications Working Group (SCWG) took a comprehensive look at the way the Agency communicates its science to ensure that any changes the Agency made were long-term improvements. The SCWG developed a Science Communications Strategy for NASA and a plan to implement the Strategy. This report outlines a strategy from which effective science communications programs can be developed and implemented across the agency. Guiding principles and strategic themes for the strategy are provided, with numerous recommendations for improvement discussed within the respective themes of leadership, coordination, integration, participation, leveraging, and evaluation.

1995-01-01

4

Revealing the Effectivenesses of Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to report the history of communication strategy and highlight the importance of strategic competence. It provides the histories and characterizations of communication strategy. Besides, it presents from which perspectives these definitions of communication strategies were developed. Various earlier and latter…

Lin, Grace Hui Chin

2013-01-01

5

Learning Strategies for Oral Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the study of learning strategies employed by successful (defined in terms of oral communicative abilities) Chinese learners of English. These strategies are compared to those of less successful learners and those of other population types from other studies. The test of oral communicative abilities is described. A strategies

Huang, Xiao-Hua; van Naerssen, Margaret

1987-01-01

6

Behavior change communication strategies.  

PubMed

Appropriate and effective communication is central to the success of interventions to reduce the risk of HIV infection. This paper reviews what has been learned about the nature of communication in the behavior change process. It examines the contexts in which communication occurs, as well as the contribution of communication theory, social marketing theory, and structural intervention theory to intervention development. Guidance is offered on the most appropriate ways in which to communicate with different groups and audiences, and future priorities for research and intervention are identified. PMID:9167797

Aggleton, P

1997-04-01

7

Police, managerialization and presentational strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The managerialization of the police may be seen as an effort to restore the legitimacy of the police. This paper aims to show that the managerialist strategy presently occurring within police forces creates new pitfalls and unintended consequences. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper concentrates on the managerialization of the police in The Netherlands. It is based on a study

Jan Terpstra; Willem Trommel

2009-01-01

8

Communication strategies for organ donation.  

PubMed

A country, state or hospital may have the latest medical technology and infrastructure as well as qualified professionals for organ transplantation, but unless there is an adequate donor population the waiting lists for transplants will continue to be long and for some patients, hopeless. Public and professional awareness programmes are key factor in the donation process. Social education that explains the life-saving benefits of organ transplantation, the enormous need for organ donation, the concept of brain death and religious teachings related to these issues is vital for creating a conducive environment for the organ transplant co-ordinator or physician soliciting the donation. The education of hospital medical, nursing and administrative personnel is also essential to both miximise opportunities for donation, as well as to prevent loss of potential organs after donor consent. Other target populations are medical examiners or coroners, and police personnel under whose jurisdiction the donations occur, as their co-operation and guidance is necessary for meeting statutory requirements. The involvement of government officials and politicians is also valuable, as their active intervention is essential for the introduction and amendment of rules and laws to promote the donation and transplantation of organs. The present paper describes communication strategies for the development of an efficient education plan that will provide information about organ transplantation, explain the desired outcome, address potential queries, misconceptions or obstacles, and identify potential sources of support. PMID:18712137

Gajiwala, Astrid Lobo

2008-03-01

9

Language Learning Strategies and Communication Strategies: A Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since Selinker's (1972) historic invocation of language learning strategies (LLS) and communication strategies (CS) as two distinct processes involved in the development of interlanguage, it has become customary in SLA literature to distinguish the strategies of learning from the strategies of communication. It has been argued in this article that…

Husain, Kausar

2006-01-01

10

Population communication management training strategy.  

PubMed

The discussion presents some thoughts on a general training strategy in information/education/communication (IEC) management which might meet the needs of 3rd world countries. Management by objectives (MBO) has emerged as the central doctrine in management theory and practice since its initial formulation in 1954. Yet, little evidence exists to date of its successful application in IEC activities. Population IEC activities, being staff activities in a nonprofit, public sector program, are in the "twilight zone" of MBO where hasty efforts to comply with the form if not the substance of this management technique can lead to lower levels of performance and achievement than before the goal setting system was implemented. Yet, clearly, IEC managers need the benefits that management by objectives can bring if done properly. It is essential that IEC managers and workers stop looking at IEC materials as end products in themselves but rather as inputs to be combined with other inputs in realizing the desired output of voluntary behavioral change on a mass level. To overcome tendencies toward provincialism, all IEC managers should initially spend time working in other areas of the population program. The experience of using IEC materials and approaches in face-to-face transactions with potential acceptors is a prerequisite to the successful formulation of such materials and approaches. Training programs for IEC managers and supervisors should emphasize development of consensual decision making skills. The success or failure of the program depends on the ability of its workers to resolve potential conflicts between an individual's priorities and national priorities in a noncoercive manner. The social dynamics approach that seeks a conscious, voluntary, nonmanipulated shift of shared attitudes, opinions, feelings, and actions is the approach underlying the most successful population programs. All IEC managers and supervisors should be systematically trained in norm shifting approaches. A distinctive contribution to organizational development with great potential value for IEC activities is instrumental team learning. This is a methodology of guided student-center learning, which produces the benefits of a student-center approach empahsizing participation, commitment, and critical inquiry. PMID:12313786

Bayan Salas, E

1985-01-01

11

Organizational Communication Strategies in Elementary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizations, regardless of size and complexities, must depend on communication as a medium to effectively function. Regardless of the best-laid strategies, lack of communication may yield unfavorable results. Needless to state, organizational communication has been perceived as a challenge within many educational organizations. The intent of…

Badal, Alen

12

Communication Strategies to Improve HIV Treatment Adherence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although antiretroviral therapy has increased the survival of HIV-positive patients, traditional approaches to improving medication adherence have failed consistently. Acknowledging the role of communication in health behavior, we conducted a qualitative study to learn about patients' HIV treatment adherence experiences and to identify which communication strategies might influence adherence. Findings indicate that five constructs – cultural beliefs\\/language, stigma, cues to

Donna Rochon; Michael W. Ross; Carol Looney; Andrea J. Price; Thomas P. Giordano

2011-01-01

13

Communication strategies in the age of accountability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To help executives understand the communications implications of the current climate and devise successful strategies. To promote a better understanding of the importance of reputation, its determinants and the role of communications in managing it. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Economist intelligence unit conducted a survey of 175 senior executives in North America, Europe and Asia Pacific for Hill & Knowlton

Andrew Pharoah

2006-01-01

14

Effectively executing a comprehensive marketing communication strategy.  

PubMed

Marketers are under increasing scrutiny from their management to demonstrate accountability for the resources they receive. Three models are presented to help marketers execute their customer communication activities more effectively. Benefits of using the "Identification of Strategic Communication Elements," "Business Communication" and "Communications Management Process" models include (1) more effective upfront strategic and tactical planning, (2) ensuring key communication principles are addressed, (3) easier communication program communication, (4) provides a framework for program evaluation and market research and (5) increases the creative thinking marketers need when addressing the major marketing challenges. The ultimate benefit is the greater likelihood of more positive marketing results. PMID:19042530

Gombeski, William R; Taylor, Jan; Piccirilli, Ami; Cundiff, Lee; Britt, Jason

2007-01-01

15

Communication strategies to improve HIV treatment adherence.  

PubMed

Although antiretroviral therapy has increased the survival of HIV-positive patients, traditional approaches to improving medication adherence have failed consistently. Acknowledging the role of communication in health behavior, we conducted a qualitative study to learn about patients' HIV treatment adherence experiences and to identify which communication strategies might influence adherence. Findings indicate that five constructs--cultural beliefs/language, stigma, cues to action, self-efficacy, and mood state--are potentially modifiable by improved communication. Results will be used to create a direct marketing campaign targeted to HIV-infected patients. PMID:21432703

Rochon, Donna; Ross, Michael W; Looney, Carol; Nepal, Vishnu P; Price, Andrea J; Giordano, Thomas P

2011-01-01

16

New Horizons Risk Communication Strategy, Planning, Implementation, and Lessons Learned  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper discusses the risk communication goals, strategy, planning process and product development for the New Horizons mission, including lessons from the Cassini mission that were applied in that effort, and presents lessons learned from the New Horizons effort that could be applicable to future missions.

Dawson, Sandra A.

2006-01-01

17

Evaluation of sexual communication message strategies.  

PubMed

Parent-child communication about sex is an important proximal reproductive health outcome. But while campaigns to promote it such as the Parents Speak Up National Campaign (PSUNC) have been effective, little is known about how messages influence parental cognitions and behavior. This study examines which message features explain responses to sexual communication messages. We content analyzed 4 PSUNC ads to identify specific, measurable message and advertising execution features. We then develop quantitative measures of those features, including message strategies, marketing strategies, and voice and other stylistic features, and merged the resulting data into a dataset drawn from a national media tracking survey of the campaign. Finally, we conducted multivariable logistic regression models to identify relationships between message content and ad reactions/receptivity, and between ad reactions/receptivity and parents' cognitions related to sexual communication included in the campaign's conceptual model. We found that overall parents were highly receptive to the PSUNC ads. We did not find significant associations between message content and ad reactions/receptivity. However, we found that reactions/receptivity to specific PSUNC ads were associated with increased norms, self-efficacy, short- and long-term expectations about parent-child sexual communication, as theorized in the conceptual model. This study extends previous research and methods to analyze message content and reactions/receptivity. The results confirm and extend previous PSUNC campaign evaluation and provide further evidence for the conceptual model. Future research should examine additional message content features and the effects of reactions/receptivity. PMID:21599875

Evans, W Douglas; Davis, Kevin C; Umanzor, Cindy; Patel, Kajal; Khan, Munziba

2011-01-01

18

UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office of Communications, Public Relations and Marketing  

E-print Network

UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office of Communications, Public Relations and Marketing Rev. 11/25/2013 UNO Content Management.4 #12;UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office

Kulp, Mark

19

Communication and Path Planning Strategies of a Robotic Coverage Operation  

E-print Network

Communication and Path Planning Strategies of a Robotic Coverage Operation Yuan Yan and Yasamin, and finding a good spot for communication, in order to successfully transmit all the collected bits communication and motion energy costs, while operating in a realistic communication environment and under

Mostofi, Yasamin

20

Stakeholder analysis and mapping as targeted communication strategy.  

PubMed

This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advancing organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tools, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author highlights the importance of stakeholder theory and discusses how to apply the theory to conduct a stakeholder analysis. This article also provides an explanation of how to use related stakeholder mapping techniques with targeted communication strategies. PMID:22922747

Shirey, Maria R

2012-09-01

21

Social Media QMUL Digital Communications Strategy Social Media  

E-print Network

Social Media ­ QMUL Digital Communications Strategy 1 Social Media QMUL Social Media Strategy provides staff with a framework for using social media uses social media to build relationships ­ and a strong community ­ through

Chittka, Lars

22

Creation of a virtual triage exercise: an interprofessional communication strategy.  

PubMed

Virtual reality simulation as a teaching method is gaining increased acceptance and presence in institutions of higher learning. This study presents an innovative strategy using the interdisciplinary development of a nonimmersive virtual reality simulation to facilitate interprofessional communication. The purpose of this pilot project was to describe nursing students' attitudes related to interprofessional communication following the collaborative development of a disaster triage virtual reality simulation. Collaboration between and among professionals is integral in enhancing patient outcomes. In addition, ineffective communication is linked to detrimental patient outcomes, especially during times of high stress. Poor communication has been identified as the root cause of the majority of negative sentinel events occurring in hospitals. The simulation-development teaching model proved useful in fostering interprofessional communication and mastering course content. Mean scores on the KidSIM Attitudes Towards Teamwork in Training Undergoing Designed Educational Simulation survey demonstrated that nursing students, after simulation experience,had agreement to strong agreement inall areas surveyed including interprofessional education, communication, roles and responsibilities of team members, and situational awareness. The findings indicate that students value interprofessional teamwork and the opportunity to work with other disciplines. PMID:25140445

Farra, Sharon; Nicely, Stephanie; Hodgson, Eric

2014-10-01

23

The Effect of Communication Apprehension and Situation on Communication Strategy Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines students' perceptions of the probable use of certain persuasive strategies in a given situation in relation to students' level of communication apprehension. Data confirms the impact of situation on strategy selection but fails to demonstrate the effect of communication apprehension or an interaction between communication apprehension and…

Lustig, Myron W.; King, Stephen W.

1980-01-01

24

Communication strategies to reduce embarrassment differences between men and women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences between communication strategies found helpful in reducing embarrassment for men (N = 192) and women (N = 135) were analyzed using Discriminant Analysis. Relying on the theoretical framework of accounts, the results suggest women, in this population, tended to find more communication strategies represented excuses (denial of responsibility) helpful in reducing embarrassment. Men, in this population, tended to find

Sandra Petronio

1984-01-01

25

Academic Self-Presentation Strategies and Popularity in Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined early adolescents' beliefs about which academic self-presentation strategies hypothetical hard-working, high-achieving students should use with popular peers, adolescents' own use of self-presentation strategies, and links between popularity and self-presentation strategies. In response to scenarios in which popular…

Zook, Joan M.; Russotti, Justin M.

2013-01-01

26

Employee communication strategies for organizational crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps at no time is it more important for an organization to communicate sensitively and openly with its employees than during a crisis. Such efforts, however, are driven by management's view of a crisis situation, which frequently fails to consider employees' stress-induced responses to management communication behavior. This paper draws on research findings on life situations, crisis management, communication, stress,

J. David Pincus; Lalit Acharya I

1988-01-01

27

Practical Science Communication Strategies for Graduate Students  

E-print Network

engagement, social contract, social media Estrategias Pr´acticas para la Comunicaci´on Cient´ifica para, 98195-5020, U.S.A. Abstract: Development of skills in science communication is a well-acknowledged gap and societal benefits because students have not learned to communicate research effectively beyond

Olden, Julian D.

28

Communication Strategies in Caring for the Underserved  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Physicians face numerous challenges in caring for underserved patients. These include both structural barriers, such as the increasing ranks of the uninsured, and contextual barriers. Contextual problems are embedded within the communication between doctors and patients. Communication between doctors and poor patients fails principally because of inadequately shared information and a power asymmetry in the relationship. This paper addresses specific

William Ventres; Paul Gordon

1990-01-01

29

Communication Strategies in Caring for the Underserved  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physicians face numerous challenges in caring for underserved patients. These include both structural barriers, such as the increasing ranks of the uninsured, and contextual barriers. Contextual problems are embedded within the communication between doctors and patients. Communication between doctors and poor patients fails principally because of inadequately shared information and a power asymmetry in the relationship. This paper addresses specific

M. D. William Ventres; M. D. Paul Gordon

1990-01-01

30

Segmenting consumers for food defense communication strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In the light of lessons learned from recent disasters (The London subway bombings, and Hurricane Katrina), it has become increasingly clear that supply chain partners as well as government agencies need to be prepared to communicate effectively to consumers and customers before, during and after a disaster. Effective communication can minimize confusion and harm to company reputations, to

Dennis Degeneffe; Jean Kinsey; Thomas Stinson; Koel Ghosh

2009-01-01

31

Managerial Solutions: An Exercise in Developing Successful Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that every business person needs good communication skills, whether managers and employees, superordinates and subordinates, this paper outlines an exercise to teach students to set objectives, develop criteria, analyze perspectives, and implement successful communication strategies. The total time for the exercise is 2 hours and the number…

Hufman, Melody

32

Two user location strategies for personal communications services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vision of nomadic personal communications is the ubiquitous availability of services to facilitate the exchange of information between nomadic end users independent of time, location, on access arrangements. To realize this, it is necessary to locate users who move from place to place. The strategies commonly proposed are two-level hierarchical strategies, which maintain a system of home and visited

SESHADRI MOHAN; RAW JAIN

1994-01-01

33

Pursuing Information: A Conversation Analytic Perspective on Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on second language (L2) communication strategies over the past three decades has concerned itself broadly with defining their usage in terms of planning and compensation, as well as with the use of taxonomies for coding different types of strategies. Taking a Conversation Analytic (CA) perspective, this article examines the fine-grained…

Burch, Alfred R.

2014-01-01

34

Communication Difficulties and the Use of Communication Strategies: From the Perspective of Individuals with Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To enhance communicative ability and thereby the possibility of increased participation of persons with aphasia, the use of communication strategies has been proposed. However, little is known about how persons with aphasia experience having conversations and how they perceive their own and their conversation partner's use of…

Johansson, Monica Blom; Carlsson, Marianne; Sonnander, Karin

2012-01-01

35

Integrated Marketing Communications for Local Nonprofit Organizations: Developing an Integrated Marketing Communications Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the importance of integrated marketing communications for nonprofit organizations and how to get started on developing a plan including issues to address and writing objectives. Also included are strategies for writing a marketing communications plan including a prototype for such a document. Sidebars are included in the article on writing objectives and a mission statement. An explanation of a

Teri Kline Henley

2001-01-01

36

Effective communications strategies: engaging the media, policymakers, and the public.  

PubMed

Too often, strategic communication is too little, or comes too late, when involved with a child fatality or serious injury. This article explores the challenges arising from negative publicity around child safety issues and the opportunities for communications strategies that employ a proactive public health approach to engaging media, policymakers, and the public. The authors provide a case study and review methods by which child welfare agencies across the nation are building public engagement and support for improved outcomes in child safety while protecting legitimate confidentiality requirements. Finally, the piece articulates the rationale for agency investments in the resources necessary to develop and implement an effective communications plan. PMID:24199331

Blake, Allison; Bonk, Kathy; Heimpel, Daniel; Wright, Cathy S

2013-01-01

37

Communication-based positioning systems: past, present and prospects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews positioning systems in the context of communication systems. First, the basic positioning technique is described for location based service (LBS) in mobile communication systems. Then the high integrity global positioning system (iGPS) is introduced in terms of aspects of what it is and how the low Earth orbit (LEO) Iridium telecommunication satellites enhance the global positioning system (GPS). Emphasis is on the Chinese Area Positioning System (CAPS) which is mainly based on commercial geostationary (GEO) communication satellites, including decommissioned GEO and inclined geosynchronous communication satellites. Characterized by its low cost, high flexibility, wide-area coverage and ample frequency resources, a distinctive feature of CAPS is that its navigation messages are generated on the ground, then uploaded to and forwarded by the communication satellites. Fundamental principles and key technologies applied in the construction of CAPS are presented in detail from the CAPS validation phase to its experimental system setup. A prospective view of CAPS has concluded it to be a seamless, high accuracy, large capacity navigation and communication system which can be achieved by expanding it world wide and enhancing it with LEO satellites and mobile base stations. Hence, this system is a potential candidate for the next generation of radio navigation after GPS.

Ma, Guan-Yi; Wan, Qing-Tao; Gan, Tong

2012-06-01

38

Oral Presentations for Technical Communication. The Allyn and Bacon Series in Technical Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating theory and practice, this book is designed to teach presentation skills to students of technical communication, whose careers will involve making complex scientific and technical information accessible to a variety of audiences (including lay audiences). It focuses exclusively on technical communication and provides a rich,…

Gurak, Laura J.

39

Exploring a consensual instructional communication strategy with elder adult development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability of senior citizens to structure and deliver real life stories in an educational yet entertaining manner for elementary school children was of critical importance to the success of an applied intergenerational developmental project. Recognizing the importance of collaboration in the elder adult learning process, a consensual instructional communication strategy was employed to develop the storytelling skills of senior

William G. Powers; Don E. Love

2000-01-01

40

Literacy and Communication Technologies: Distance Education Strategies for Literacy Delivery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the promotion of literacy through information and communication technologies (ICTs) and through various modes of distance learning. After a general discussion of these approaches, the article focuses on efforts towards reducing illiteracy in Nigeria through integrated strategies for literacy delivery and especially through…

Aderinoye, Rashid

2008-01-01

41

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legit imacy of organizations. When faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. This study syn thesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width theory to provide an investigation of the effects of crisis-response strategies on per ceptions of organizational legitimacy.

Joseph Eric Massey

2001-01-01

42

Nuclear past, nuclear present: Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and contemporary strategy  

SciTech Connect

The controversial atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 represent the only occasions when atomic weapons have been employed in war, yet surprisingly little attention has been paid to the relationship between the bombings and the course of subsequent nuclear strategy. Dr. Clark contends that the August 1945 experience was crucially formative and gave rise to a set of influential assumptions about the moral acceptability of using nuclear weapons, the rationality of nuclear decision-making, and the controllability of nuclear operations. The author's detailed reconstruction of the events of 1945 sheds new light upon these assumptions and contributes to the present debate about nuclear strategy, tracing present nuclear strategy, tracing present nuclear concerns and problems back to some of the misleading conclusions drawn from the bombings.

Clark, I.

1985-01-01

43

Limited communication capacity unveils strategies for human interaction  

PubMed Central

Connectivity is the key process that characterizes the structural and functional properties of social networks. However, the bursty activity of dyadic interactions may hinder the discrimination of inactive ties from large interevent times in active ones. We develop a principled method to detect tie de-activation and apply it to a large longitudinal, cross-sectional communication dataset (?19 months, ?20 million people). Contrary to the perception of ever-growing connectivity, we observe that individuals exhibit a finite communication capacity, which limits the number of ties they can maintain active in time. On average men display higher capacity than women, and this capacity decreases for both genders over their lifespan. Separating communication capacity from activity reveals a diverse range of tie activation strategies, from stable to exploratory. This allows us to draw novel relationships between individual strategies for human interaction and the evolution of social networks at global scale. PMID:23739519

Miritello, Giovanna; Lara, Rubén; Cebrian, Manuel; Moro, Esteban

2013-01-01

44

Prevention Strategies for Cardioembolic Stroke: Present and Future Perspectives  

PubMed Central

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cause of cardioembolism. An update on secondary prevention strategies, used to protect patients from the risk of stroke in many common cardiac conditions, is presented in the paper. The main line of actions of stroke prevention in cardioembolism is mostly connected with antithrombotic drugs, but also other, more invasive, techniques are quickly emerging. Also the classic pharmacological prevention with coumarins may soon be overcome by new generation anticoagulants. Is an aggressive treatment of Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) always recommended? One of the main challenges of the future years will be to understand competitiveness between old and new preventive strategies. PMID:20721324

Giacalone, Giacomo; Abbas, Mohammed Abballa; Corea, Francesco

2010-01-01

45

A Partial List of Educational, Instructional, and Documentary Films Treating Women's Roles, problems, and Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists 189 educational, instructional, and documentary films treating women's roles, problems, and communication strategies. The films are classified by substance and topics: beauty ethic: presentations and examinations; birth control, unwanted pregnancy, and abortion; coping with a male oriented society; dating and marriage;…

Edwards, Richard; Gronbeck, Bruce E.

46

Communications Strategies on Alcohol and Highway Safety. Volume II. High School Youth. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second part of a two-part, two volume study deals with high school youth and identifies target populations and communications strategies for encouraging personal action steps to prevent drunk driving. Data, collected from interviews and questionnaires, are summarized and presented in tabular form. One fourth of high schoolers in a…

Grey Advertising, Inc., New York, NY.

47

Low Emission Lifestyles in Megacities: Communication and Participation Strategies in Hyderabad  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the first results of the research project “Low Emission Lifestyles – Communication and Participation Strategies for Hyderabadâ€. This project addresses the challenges of a society-wide transition towards sustainability in the context of so-called \\

Heike Walk; Sabine SchrÃder

2009-01-01

48

Unified communications : convergence of platforms and strategies of two software vendors  

E-print Network

Unified Communications: Convergence of Platforms and Strategies of Two Software Vendors by Muhammad Zia Hydari ABSTRACT Unified communication (UC) is the convergence of various modes of communication - voice telephony, ...

Hydari, Muhammad Zia

2008-01-01

49

Facial Expression Presentation for Real-Time Internet Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Text, voice and video images are the most common forms of media content for instant communication on the Internet. Studies have shown that facial expressions convey much richer information than text and voice during a face-to-face conversation. The currently available real time means of communication (instant text messages, chat programs and videoconferencing), however, have major drawbacks in terms of exchanging facial expression. The first two means do not involve the image transmission, whilst video conferencing requires a large bandwidth that is not always available, and the transmitted image sequence is neither smooth nor without delay. The objective of the work presented here is to develop a technique that overcomes these limitations, by extracting the facial expression of speakers and to realise real-time communication. In order to get the facial expressions, the main characteristics of the image are emphasized. Interpolation is performed on edge points previously detected to create geometric shapes such as arcs, lines, etc. The regional dominant colours of the pictures are also extracted and the combined results are subsequently converted into Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) format. The application based on the proposed technique aims at being used simultaneously with chat programs and being able to run on any platform.

Dugarry, Alexandre; Berrada, Aida; Fu, Shan

2003-01-01

50

An alternative to present United States defense strategy  

E-print Network

J BSTRACT An Alternative to Present United States Defense Strategy. (Nay 1971) william 1:. 'allace Anthony, B. A. , Tarleton State College; Directed by: Dr. N. Z. Benton 'he purpose of tnis study is to explore the policy relative to a nuclear... strategic capability that wo ld enhance the defensive nuclear posture of tne United States and its allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The thesis postulates the employment of a land mass, that is a possession of a N"TO alliance...

Anthony, William Wallace

2012-06-07

51

Presentation and production: the role of gesture in spatial communication.  

PubMed

During social interaction, verbal language as well as nonverbal behavior is exchanged between speakers and listeners. One social task that often involves nonverbal behavior is the relaying of spatial direction information. The questions addressed in this study were whether presenting gesture during encoding (a) enhanced corresponding spatial task performance and (b) elicited gesture production at recall for adults and children. Children (3-4years) and adults were presented with verbal route directions through a small-scale spatial array and, depending on the assigned condition (i.e., no gestures, beat gestures, or representational gestures), the accompanying gestures. Children, but not adults, benefited from the presence of gesture during encoding of the spatial route direction task, as measured by recall at test. Results suggest that the presence of gesture during encoding plays an integral part of effectively communicating spatial route direction information, particularly for children. PMID:24549229

Austin, Elizabeth E; Sweller, Naomi

2014-06-01

52

Visualizing topography: Effects of presentation strategy, gender, and spatial ability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the effect of different presentation strategies (2-D static visuals, 3-D animated visuals, and 3-D interactive, animated visuals) and gender on achievement, time-spent-on visual treatment, and attitude during a computer-based science lesson about reading and interpreting topographic maps. The study also examined the relationship of spatial ability and prior knowledge to gender, achievement, and time-spent-on visual treatment. Students enrolled in high school chemistry-physics were pretested and given two spatial ability tests. They were blocked by gender and randomly assigned to one of three levels of presentation strategy or the control group. After controlling for the effects of spatial ability and prior knowledge with analysis of covariance, three significant differences were found between the versions: (a) the 2-D static treatment group scored significantly higher on the posttest than the control group; (b) the 3-D animated treatment group scored significantly higher on the posttest than the control group; and (c) the 2-D static treatment group scored significantly higher on the posttest than the 3-D interactive animated treatment group. Furthermore, the 3-D interactive animated treatment group spent significantly more time on the visual screens than the 2-D static treatment group. Analyses of student attitudes revealed that most students felt the landform visuals in the computer-based program helped them learn, but not in a way they would describe as fun. Significant differences in attitude were found by treatment and by gender. In contrast to findings from other studies, no gender differences were found on either of the two spatial tests given in this study. Cognitive load, cognitive involvement, and solution strategy are offered as three key factors that may help explain the results of this study. Implications for instructional design include suggestions about the use of 2-D static, 3-D animated and 3-D interactive animations as well as a recommendation about the inclusion of pretests in similar instructional programs. Areas for future research include investigating the effects of combinations of presentation strategies, continuing to examine the role of spatial ability in science achievement, and gaining cognitive insights about what it is that students do when learning to read and interpret topographic maps.

McAuliffe, Carla

2003-10-01

53

Marketing Communications Capstone Presentation for BATS Global Markets  

E-print Network

During the first months of 2014, a team of three students studying in the University of Kansas School of Journalism and Mass Communications Marketing Communications graducate program conducted extensive primary and secondary research to develop a...

Buselt, Eric; Reilly, Judi; Williamson, Josh

2014-09-03

54

Effective strategies to counter campus presentations on climate denial  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although 97%-98% of the climate researchers most actively publishing in the field accept the basic tenets of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) findings [Anderegg et al., 2010], there is a consistent undercurrent of doubt among the general public (A. Leiserowitz et al., Global warming's six Americas in May 2011, online report, 57 pp., Yale Project on Climate Change Communication, Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 2011). To some extent, this doubt is fueled by high-profile climate change deniers who offer “the real view” of climate science [Oreskes and Conway, 2010]. Our campuses recently hosted two such speakers: Ivar Giaever at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) and Christopher Monckton (also known as Lord Monckton) at Union College. (Monckton's presentation can be seen at http://union.campusreform.org/group/blog/live-webinar-lord-monckton-at-union-college.)

Corbin, Jeffrey D.; Katz, Miriam E.

2012-07-01

55

Literacy and Communication Technologies: Distance Education Strategies for Literacy Delivery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article examines the promotion of literacy through information and communication technologies (ICTs) and through various modes of distance learning. After a general discussion of these approaches, the article focuses on efforts towards reducing illiteracy in Nigeria through integrated strategies for literacy delivery and especially through distance learning. After highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of these measures, the author makes some suggestions on how to maximize their effectiveness in helping Nigeria to achieve the targets of the Education for All agenda and the Millennium Development Goals.

Aderinoye, Rashid

2008-11-01

56

Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following essays on communication are presented: communication as a condition of survival, communication for special purposes, the means of transmission of communication, communication within social and economic structures, the teaching of communication through the press, the teaching of modern languages, communication as a point of departure,…

Strauss, Andre

57

Affinity-Seeking Strategies and Open Communication in Peer Workplace Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines peer relationships in the workplace in relation to open communication and the use of affinity-seeking strategies. Findings indicate that special peers use affinity-seeking strategies significantly more often than do informational peers but not significantly more often than collegial peers. Open communication strategies are used significantly more often by special peers than informational peers. Discussion includes why these

Jason Gordon; Rosanne L. Hartman

2009-01-01

58

Facial Expression Presentation for Real-Time Internet Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text, voice and video images are the most common forms of media content for instant communication on the Internet. Studies have shown that facial expressions convey much richer information than text and voice during a face-to-face conversation. The currently available real time means of communication (instant text messages, chat programs and videoconferencing), however, have major drawbacks in terms of exchanging

Alexandre Dugarry; Aida Berrada; Shan Fu

2003-01-01

59

Individual differences in airline captains' personalities, communication strategies, and crew performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircrew effectiveness in coping with emergencies has been linked to captain's personality profile. The present study analyzed cockpit communication during simulated flight to examine the relation between captains' discourse strategies, personality profiles, and crew performance. Positive Instrumental/Expressive captains and Instrumental-Negative captains used very similar communication strategies and their crews made few errors. Their talk was distinguished by high levels of planning and strategizing, gathering information, predicting/alerting, and explaining, especially during the emergency flight phase. Negative-Expressive captains talked less overall, and engaged in little problem solving talk, even during emergencies. Their crews made many errors. Findings support the theory that high crew performance results when captains use language to build shared mental models for problem situations.

Orasanu, Judith

1991-01-01

60

Developing Informatics Tools and Strategies for Consumer-centered Health Communication  

PubMed Central

As the emphasis on individuals' active partnership in health care grows, so does the public's need for effective, comprehensible consumer health resources. Consumer health informatics has the potential to provide frameworks and strategies for designing effective health communication tools that empower users and improve their health decisions. This article presents an overview of the consumer health informatics field, discusses promising approaches to supporting health communication, and identifies challenges plus direction for future research and development. The authors' recommendations emphasize the need for drawing upon communication and social science theories of information behavior, reaching out to consumers via a range of traditional and novel formats, gaining better understanding of the public's health information needs, and developing informatics solutions for tailoring resources to users' needs and competencies. This article was written as a scholarly outreach and leadership project by members of the American Medical Informatics Association's Consumer Health Informatics Working Group. PMID:18436895

Keselman, Alla; Logan, Robert; Smith, Catherine Arnott; Leroy, Gondy; Zeng-Treitler, Qing

2008-01-01

61

The Seven Cs Ethical Model of Communication: Environmental Communication and Indigenous Knowledge Management Strategies in International Agricultural Development  

E-print Network

and practices. A theoretical framework is formulated, with the principles of environmental communication as a foundation. Special emphasis is placed upon knowledge management strategies utilized when working with indigenous populations. From these theoretical...

McCann, Elisabeth

2012-10-19

62

Intercultural Communication: A Key Element in Global Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural factors in global communication include differences in customs, space, dress, religion, class, work ethic, privacy, and other areas. Language differences in oral, written, and nonverbal communication as well as semantics also complicate intercultural communication. (SK)

Spinks, Nelda; Wells, Barron

1997-01-01

63

Freshmen Engagement Through Communication: Predicting Friendship Formation Strategies and Perceived Availability of Network Resources From Communication Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

First-time freshmen completed communication skills questionnaires at the beginning of a fall semester. Approximately 6 weeks later they completed another questionnaire regarding friendship formation strategies and the perceived availability of resources from their new social network. Results suggest that different profiles of communication skills predicted how much freshmen reported using group involvement, online social networking, disclosure, responsiveness, and invitations as

Bree McEwan; Laura K. Guerrero

2010-01-01

64

Interpersonal Communication Instruction in the Non-Traditional Context: Teaching Communication Strategies in a Hospice Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many health care delivery systems are criticized for the dehumanizing way they treat patients, hospice care presents a refreshing alternative to health care for the terminally ill. Patients appropriate for hospice care are those with six months or less to live. Interpersonal communication education is an important component of hospice care…

Fieweger, Margaret A.

65

Communicative Strategies Used by Spouses of Individuals with Communication Disorders Related to Stroke-Induced Aphasia and Parkinson's Disease  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A communicative disability interferes with the affected person's ability to take active part in social interaction, but non-disabled communication partners may use different strategies to support communication. However, it is not known whether similar strategies can be used to compensate for different types of communicative

Carlsson, Emilia; Hartelius, Lena; Saldert, Charlotta

2014-01-01

66

Designing and implementing a communications strategy: lessons learnt from HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Programme Consortia.  

PubMed

In recent years there has been increasing recognition of the importance of strategic research communication. Health research organisations need to be able to communicate their research effectively to increase the probability that the findings influence policy and practice, and benefit those in greatest need. Many research funders are making communications a requirement of research funding. This paper reflects on the experience in developing and implementing communications strategies of several Research Programme Consortia funded by the Department for International Development.Different research topics will require different communications approaches in order to be effective. This is reflected in the diversity of strategies employed by different research programmes. Strategic research communications designed to influence policy and practice require different skills and expertise from those required for carrying out research and writing it up for publication in academic journals. Therefore researchers involved in communicating research should be supported in this work. One of the ways in which research programme consortia have sought to do this is through convening workshops to develop the communications skills of researchers from partner organisations. These have proven invaluable. Another way of providing ongoing support to those involved in communicating research is through a Communications Community of Practice. Where this has been used it has proven a good way to support researchers both with ideas and resources, but also a strong sense of belonging to a community that shares a common concern with communication. Developing strong partnerships with research users, other research organisations, knowledge intermediaries and other stakeholders is vital for effective communication.Embracing the challenges and opportunities presented by communicating research to influence policy practice is vital if research is to have maximum possible impact, and demonstrate its worth at a time when funding for health and development activities is at risk. Sharing lessons learnt in this process between research programmes is important to support this work. PMID:21679382

South, Annabelle

2011-01-01

67

The present state of continental and intercontinental ionospheric radio communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ionospheric characteristics which affect radio wave propagation are discussed, with an emphasis on techniques for using the ionosphere to extend the range of radio links. Interference has been proven highly correlated with the onset of solar disturbances. The ionosphere, however, by bending and reflecting radio signals, is useful for beyond-the-horizon radio links. ELF frequencies permit communication with submerged submarines. HF bands are employed for mobile surface communications around 75 MHz. The VLF bands from 3-30 kHz are applied for long-range links and radionavigation, and with controlled polarization furnish a high SNR. Continuity of broadcasts from earth-earth and earth-satellite depends on constant monitoring of ionospheric conditions and the spectra of the disturbances.

Silleni, S.

68

Teaching College Students Communication Strategies for Effective Social Justice Advocacy. Black Studies and Critical Thinking. Volume 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book deals concretely with the most effective ways for educators to be social justice advocates, with questions about what it means to be a social justice advocate, and with the best communication strategies to advocate for a particular social justice view that might start and sustain an open dialogue. The book presents a number of practical…

Nash, Robert J., Ed.; Johnson, Richard Greggory, III, Ed.; Murray, Michele C., Ed.

2012-01-01

69

Strategies for Teaching and Testing Communicative Competence in Russian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains six workshop papers, each of which deals with one or more aspects of communicative competence. These papers are primarily reports of certain techniques which have been found successful for teaching and testing the ability to communicate in a foreign language. "Communicative Competence: Safety Tips for Riders on the Latest…

Dunatov, Rasio, Ed.

70

Developing tools and strategies for communicating climate change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research indicates that the public views zoos and aquariums as reliable and trusted sources for information on conservation. Additionally, visiting zoos and aquariums helps people reconsider their connections to conservation issues and solutions. The Aquarium of the Pacific, an AZA-accredited institution that serves the most ethnically diverse population of all aquariums in the nation, is using exhibit space, technology, public programming, and staff professional development to present a model for how aquariums can promote climate literacy. Our newest galleries and programs are designed to immerse our visitors in experiences that connect our live animal collection to larger themes on ocean change. The Aquarium is supporting our new programming with a multifaceted staff professional development that exposes our interpretive staff to current climate science and researchers as well as current social science on public perception of climate science. Our staff also leads workshops for scientists; these sessions allow us to examine learning theory and develop tools to communicate science and controversial subjects effectively. Through our partnerships in the science, social science, and informal science education communities, we are working to innovate and develop best practices in climate communication.

Bader, D.; Yam, E. M.; Perkins, L.

2011-12-01

71

The Presentation: A New Genre in Business Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the value and importance of presentation graphics. Deals with using storyboards to design presentations, design principles and construction guidelines, subliminals (overtext, intertextuality, and color), choosing a medium for visuals, choosing a computer program to generate visuals, and design similarities between presentation visuals…

Carney, Thomas F.

1992-01-01

72

Treatment strategies for inherited optic neuropathies: past, present and future  

PubMed Central

Bilateral visual loss secondary to inherited optic neuropathies is an important cause of registrable blindness among children and young adults. The two prototypal disorders seen in clinical practice are Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) and autosomal dominant optic atrophy (DOA). About 90% of LHON cases are due to one of three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) point mutations: m.3460G>A, m.11778G>A, and m.14484T>C, which affect critical complex I subunits of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The majority of patients with DOA harbour pathogenic mutations within OPA1, a nuclear gene that codes for a multifunctional inner mitochondrial membrane protein. Despite their contrasting genetic basis, LHON and DOA share overlapping pathological and clinical features that serve to highlight the striking tissue-specific vulnerability of the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) layer to disturbed mitochondrial function. In addition to severe visual loss secondary to progressive optic nerve degeneration, a subgroup of patients will also develop a more aggressive syndromic phenotype marked by significant neurological deficits. The management of LHON and DOA remains largely supportive, but major advances in our understanding of the mechanisms underpinning RGC loss in these two disorders are paving the way for novel forms of treatment aimed at halting or reversing visual deterioration at different stages of the disease process. In addition to neuroprotective strategies for rescuing RGCs from irreversible cell death, innovative in vitro fertilisation techniques are providing the tantalising prospect of preventing the germline transmission of pathogenic mtDNA mutations, eradicating in so doing the risk of disease in future generations. PMID:24603424

Yu-Wai-Man, P; Votruba, M; Moore, A T; Chinnery, P F

2014-01-01

73

One Strategy for Reducing Uncertainty in Climate Change Communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Future impacts of climate change are invariably presented with a very wide range of impacts reflecting two different sets of uncertainties. The first concerns our uncertainty about precisely how much greenhouse gas emissions humanity will emit into the atmosphere. The second concerns our uncertainty about precisely what impact those emissions will have on the climate. By failing to distinguish between these two types of uncertainties, climate scientists have not clearly explained to the public and policymakers what the scientific literature suggests is likely to happen if we don't substantially alter our current emissions path. Indeed, much of climate communications has been built around describing the range of impacts from emissions paths that are increasingly implausible given political and technological constraints, such as a stabilization at 450 or 550 parts per million atmospheric of carbon dioxide. For the past decade, human emissions of greenhouse gases have trended near the worst-case scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, emissions paths that reach 800 ppm or even 1000 ppm. The current policies of the two biggest emitters, the United States and China, coupled with the ongoing failure of international negotiations to come to an agreement on restricting emissions, suggests that recent trends will continue for the foreseeable future. This in turn suggests that greater clarity in climate change communications could be achieved by more clearly explaining to the public what the scientific literature suggests the range of impacts are for our current high emissions path. This also suggests that more focus should be given in the scientific literature to better constraining the range of impacts from the high emissions scenarios.

Romm, J.

2011-12-01

74

"Mightier than the Sword" and integrated marketing communications strategy for Lathrop & Gage LLP  

E-print Network

This is a legal marketing communications strategy created on behalf of Lathrop & Gage LLP to assist its attorneys in building relationships with prospective clients. Specifically, the plan is designed to support Lathrop & Gage’s agribusiness...

Nichols, Stephen G.

2014-09-03

75

Communicating cardiovascular disease risk: an interview study of General Practitioners' use of absolute risk within tailored communication strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention guidelines encourage assessment of absolute CVD risk - the probability of a CVD event within a fixed time period, based on the most predictive risk factors. However, few General Practitioners (GPs) use absolute CVD risk consistently, and communication difficulties have been identified as a barrier to changing practice. This study aimed to explore GPs’ descriptions of their CVD risk communication strategies, including the role of absolute risk. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 25 GPs in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded, using the Framework Analysis method to ensure rigour. Results GPs used absolute CVD risk within three different communication strategies: ‘positive’, ‘scare tactic’, and ‘indirect’. A ‘positive’ strategy, which aimed to reassure and motivate, was used for patients with low risk, determination to change lifestyle, and some concern about CVD risk. Absolute risk was used to show how they could reduce risk. A ‘scare tactic’ strategy was used for patients with high risk, lack of motivation, and a dismissive attitude. Absolute risk was used to ‘scare’ them into taking action. An ‘indirect’ strategy, where CVD risk was not the main focus, was used for patients with low risk but some lifestyle risk factors, high anxiety, high resistance to change, or difficulty understanding probabilities. Non-quantitative absolute risk formats were found to be helpful in these situations. Conclusions This study demonstrated how GPs use three different communication strategies to address the issue of CVD risk, depending on their perception of patient risk, motivation and anxiety. Absolute risk played a different role within each strategy. Providing GPs with alternative ways of explaining absolute risk, in order to achieve different communication aims, may improve their use of absolute CVD risk assessment in practice. PMID:24885409

2014-01-01

76

Development of Laser Beam Transmission Strategies for Future Ground-to-Space Optical Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optical communications is a key technology to meet the bandwidth expansion required in the global information grid. High bandwidth bi-directional links between sub-orbital platforms and ground and space terminals can provide a seamless interconnectivity for rapid return of critical data to analysts. The JPL Optical Communications Telescope Laboratory (OCTL) is located in Wrightwood California at an altitude of 2.2.km. This 200 sq-m facility houses a state-of- the-art 1-m telescope and is used to develop operational strategies for ground-to-space laser beam propagation that include safe beam transmission through navigable air space, adaptive optics correction and multi-beam scintillation mitigation, and line of sight optical attenuation monitoring. JPL has received authorization from international satellite owners to transmit laser beams to more than twenty retro-reflecting satellites. This paper presents recent progress in the development of these operational strategies tested by narrow laser beam transmissions from the OCTL to retro-reflecting satellites. We present experimental results and compare our measurements with predicted performance for a variety of atmospheric conditions.

Wilson, Keith E.; Kovalik, Joseph M.; Biswas, Abhijit; Roberts, William T.

2007-01-01

77

Routing as a flow control strategy in an integrated circuit\\/packet switched communications network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research addresses the analysis of an event-driven FORTRAN Simulation Model that simulates a special kind of Computer-Communication network. The network modeled has a circuit-switched communication subnet whose trunk lines carry both voice and data traffic simultaneously. This effort considers the viability of routing strategies as a mechanism for reducing congestion. The performance of seven alternative routing strategies are measured

Kenneth R. Hebert; Udo W. Pooch

1986-01-01

78

Strategies for Teaching Social and Emotional Intelligence in Business Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incorporating social and emotional skills (EI) training into the business communication curriculum is important for preparing students to function effectively in a global workplace with its complex informal networks, intercultural issues, team emphasis, and participatory leadership. EI skills enhance communication behavior in work groups and…

Sigmar, Lucia Stretcher; Hynes, Geraldine E.; Hill, Kathy L.

2012-01-01

79

Corporate social responsibility communication: stakeholder information, response and involvement strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

While it is generally agreed that companies need to manage their relationships with their stakeholders, the way in which they choose to do so varies considerably. In this paper, it is argued that when companies want to communicate with stakeholders about their CSR initiatives, they need to involve those stakeholders in a two-way communication process, defined as an ongoing iterative

Mette Morsing; Majken Schultz

2006-01-01

80

Assessing Preservice Teachers' Presentation Capabilities: Contrasting the Modes of Communication with the Constructed Impression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research-based understanding of how to develop and assess classroom presentation skills is vital for the effective development of pre-service teacher communication capabilities. This paper identifies and compares two different models of assessing pre-service teachers' presentation performance--one based on the Modes of Communication (voice,…

Bower, Matt G.; Moloney, Robyn A.; Cavanagh, Michael S.; Sweller, Naomi

2013-01-01

81

Communication Strategies at Work. P.R.I.D.E. People Retraining for Industry Excellence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workplace skills course on communication strategies at work is designed to begin the process of building effective communication skills for use in the workplace as well as in personal relationships. Introductory material includes a course description and objectives. The course consists of four sessions, each of which has these components:…

Pollak, Ave

82

Unsettling Assumptions and Boundaries: Strategies for Developing a Critical Perspective about Business and Management Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how a collaborative class strategy and an introductory activity were used to develop students' thinking about business and management communication. The article focuses on teachers who want to integrate critical perspectives about business communication into their classes. A course ethos, learning groups, and an introductory…

Cockburn-Wootten, Cheryl; Cockburn, Tom

2011-01-01

83

Presentation, analysis, and simulation of active alignment strategies for the James Webb Space Telescope  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents three characteristics in the simulated active alignment strategy of the James Webb Space Telescope. The first includes the analysis and comparison of a baseline active alignment strategy with a damped least squares strategy. This baseline utilizes prior knowledge by means of direct human operator interaction to engage sets of telescope compensators to target specific aberration signatures. The

Robert S. Upton

2009-01-01

84

Presenting science news: Issues of content, communication modality, and balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation focuses on various aspects of the issue of public understanding of science, especially as it relates to the question of presenting science through the mass media. Specifically it consists of two separate studies, both of which focus on different facets of journalistic coverage of science. The first study is a longitudinal content analysis of science news reporting in

Marianne G Pellechia

2001-01-01

85

A Taxonomy of Representation Strategies in Iconic Communication  

PubMed Central

Predicting whether the intended audience will be able to recognize the meaning of an icon or pictograph is not an easy task. Many icon recognition studies have been conducted in the past. However, their findings cannot be generalized to other icons that were not included in the study, which, we argue, is their main limitation. In this paper, we propose a comprehensive taxonomy of icons that is intended to enable the generalization of the findings of recognition studies. To accomplish this, we analyzed a sample of more than eight hundred icons according to three axes: lexical category, semantic category, and representation strategy. Three basic representation strategies were identified: visual similarity; semantic association; and arbitrary convention. These representation strategies are in agreement with the strategies identified in previous taxonomies. However, a greater number of subcategories of these strategies were identified. Our results also indicate that the lexical and semantic attributes of a concept influence the choice of representation strategy. PMID:22754274

Nakamura, Carlos; Zeng-Treitler, Qing

2012-01-01

86

Marketing Crises in Tourism: Communication Strategies in the United States and Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares crisis-response strategies of marketing-communication professionals in tourism organizations (TOs) in the United States and Spain. Reports the extent to which they use proven crisis-management strategies. Indicates significant differences between the countries' TOs in both their extant plans for responding to marketing crises and in their…

Gonzalez-Herrero, Alfonso; Pratt, Cornelius B.

1998-01-01

87

A CONTROL THEORETIC FORMULATION OF GREEN DRIVING STRATEGY1 BASED ON INTER-VEHICLE COMMUNICATIONS2  

E-print Network

fuels, various green driving strategies that smooth traffic flow and reduce23 congestion can that the pro-32 posed dynamic green driving strategy can significantly reduce emissions and fuel consumption33 and communication scenarios.36 Keywords: green driving, speed control, smooth traffic flow, emissions, fuel

Detwiler, Russell

88

An Investigation of Learning Strategies in Oral Communication that Chinese EFL Learners in China Employ.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigating the learning strategies in oral communication used by Chinese students of English as a second language in China consisted of identification of the general strategies and specific techniques for improving oral proficiency, and assessment of the effects of some of them on achievement. It also explored some learner…

Huang, Xiao-hua

89

A framework for Unified Communication and Collaboration strategy for telcos  

E-print Network

Unified Communication and Collaboration (UCC) is a product offer that is the result of fixed and mobile networks convergence and the possibility of development of applications which are interoperable. Currently there are ...

Wahid, Bilal

2008-01-01

90

Broadcast Strategy for Delay-Limited Communication over Fading Channels  

E-print Network

at the receiver but not at the transmitter. For this communication scenario, the difference between the ergodic capacity and the maximum achievable expected rate (the expected capacity) for coding over a finite number of coherent blocks represents a fundamental...

Yoo, Jae Won

2013-03-12

91

Mass communication and development: impact depends on strategies.  

PubMed

Development scholars are moving toward an emphasis on noneconomic factors (social values, social advancement, equality, individual freedom) and their interactions with labor, capital, and technology. People are now conceptualized as the agents of change, and they in turn must be convinced of the need for change. This new approach implies a need for a review of the role of mass communication in development. A central question is whether development makes possible mass communication development or do improved mass communication facilities--and the resulting increase in the flow of information--make possible economic and social development. Although there have undoubtedly been incidents in which self-serving politicians have used mass communication to oppress the masses, the mass media has the potential to be a powerful force in the education of the society, the sharing of consciousness, the creation of nationhood, and the promotion of socioeconomic development. Mass communication is, for example, vital in the development approach that accords importance to self-sufficiency at the village level. The mass media can be used in such cases to transmit information of a background nature to a group or community about their expressed needs and to disseminate innovations that may need these needs. In the final analysis, mass media's role in development depends on the media's messages reaching the target audiences. This underscores the importance of analyzing in advance who will be the recipients of a mass media campaign and encouraging community involvement in communications planning. PMID:12281809

Wete, F N

1988-01-01

92

Unruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms presenting with seizure: Report of three cases and review of literature  

PubMed Central

Aneurysms generally present with bleed and epileptogenic aneurysms are rare. Unruptured epilpetogenic anterior communicating artery aneurysms are extremely rare and anecdotal. We present three patients with unruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms who presented with seizures and were surgically managed. Seizure might be related to the large size, presence of thrombus, microbleeds and surrounding gliosis. We suggest that large thrombosed anterior communicating artery aneurysms should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with late onset of seizure and having a suprasellar lesion on imaging. Surgical clipping offers a fair chance of seizure freedom in selected patients. PMID:24403964

Patil, Akshay; Menon, Girish R.; Nair, Suresh

2013-01-01

93

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Information & Communication Technology Infrastructure Strategy  

E-print Network

and management tools (Ref. Information Strategy Universal Access Working Group, e-Science and the Grid working of key services and provide inherent containment measures against hacking, viruses, worms etc. (Ref hacking, viruses, worms etc. (Ref. Information Strategy Information Systems Security Working Group

Guo, Zaoyang

94

COMMUNICATING GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: INVESTIGATING MESSAGE STRATEGIES FOR COMMUNICATING THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE.  

EPA Science Inventory

The research program is designed to generate findings that provide specific guidance to science communicators and government officials on how to best communicate knowledge about global climate change and other environmental issues to diverse lay audiences. Beyond providing gui...

95

Regulatory and Policy Problems Presented by the Interdependence of Computer and Communication Services and Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various petitions submitted to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for reconsideration and the FCC's response and discussion of these petitions are described in this memorandum. First, the questions raised by the petitioners are presented: "Did the Commission err in deciding not to impose a complete bar on communications common carriers…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

96

Use of Augmentative and Assistive Communication Strategies by Family Members in the ICU  

PubMed Central

Background Very little is known about patient-family communication during critical illness and mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU), including the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) tools and strategies during patient-family communication. Objectives The study objectives were to identify (1) which AAC tools families use with nonspeaking ICU patients and how they are used, and (2) what families and nurses say about patient-family communication with nonspeaking patients in the ICU. Methods A qualitative secondary analysis was conducted of existing data from a clinical trial testing interventions to improve nurse-patient communication in the ICU. Narrative study data (field notes, intervention logs, nurse interviews) from 127 critically ill adults were reviewed for evidence of family involvement with AAC tools. Qualitative content analysis was applied for thematic description of family and nurse accounts of patient-family communication. Results Family involvement with AAC tools was evident in 44% (n= 41/93) of the patients completing the parent study protocol. Spouses/significant others communicated with patients most often. Writing was the most frequently used tool. Main themes describing patient-family communication included: (1) Families as unprepared and unaware; (2) Family perceptions of communication effectiveness; (3) Nurses deferring to or guiding patient-family communication; (4) Patient communication characteristics; and (5) Family experience and interest with AAC tools. Conclusions Families are typically unprepared for the communication challenges of critical illness, and often “on their own” in confronting them. Assessment by skilled bedside clinicians can reveal patient communication potential and facilitate useful AAC tools and strategies for patients and families. PMID:22381993

Broyles, Lauren M.; Tate, Judith A.; Happ, Mary Beth

2013-01-01

97

Case Presentation Format and Clinical Reasoning: A Strategy for Teaching Medical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a strategy for clinicians (residents, attending physicians, and preceptors) to teach medical students how to present and reason out a patient case. Case presentation and teaching principles to facilitate learning the three phases are included. (Author/RH)

Edwards, Janine C.; And Others

1987-01-01

98

Dreamweaver and Flash: Strategies for Updating Communication Systems Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rate of innovation and change impacting technology education communication systems instruction has been vigorous for longer than most people can remember. Trends have included analog systems being replaced by digital systems, integration of networks and system devices, computerization, optical storage, and wireless transmission of data. The…

Hill, Roger B.

2004-01-01

99

PROMOTING THE LHC A 4 year communications strategy  

E-print Network

· Television project ­ documentary and prime time television · Education pack · Website ­ part of www scientists to interested citizens · public engagement ­ raising awareness of particle physics, encouraging & Society Advisory Panel · broadcasters and communicators · school education · PPARC officials including

100

Managing bilingual employees: communication strategies for hospitality managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – One out of four foodservice employees speaks a foreign language at home. Furthermore, 37 percent of those employees speak limited English. Given this, hospitality managers must find ways to effectively communicate with their employees. This paper seeks to address these issues. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The methodology employed a perspective-taking manipulation. Participants were placed in the role of an individual

Mary Dawson; Juan M. Madera; Jack A. Neal

2011-01-01

101

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

Massey, Joseph Eric

2001-01-01

102

Text Message Copy in Print Ads: A Shrewd Communicative Strategy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although text messaging as a communication tool in society is rampant, research on its effects within print advertisements is lacking. To help fill this void, we employ three between-subject experiments (i.e., Study 1: text message vs. no text message; Studies 2 and 3: text message vs. traditional language). We posit that using text message copy in print ads is a

Jeremy J. Sierra; Robert S. Heiser; Ivonne M. Torres

2012-01-01

103

RIT Alumni Career Management Webinar Series Communication Management, Presented 2.16.12  

E-print Network

RIT Alumni Career Management Webinar Series Communication Management, Presented 2.16.12 Transcript webinar series. Today's session will be recorded and uploaded to our website. As we go through the webinar

Zanibbi, Richard

104

NASA's Agency-Wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of NASA's risk analysis communication programs associated with changing environmental policies. The topics include: 1) NASA Program Transition; 2) Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC); and 3) Regulatory Tracking and Communication Process.

Scroggins, Sharon; Duda, Kristen

2008-01-01

105

Strategies and tensions in communicating research on sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: a qualitative study of the experiences of researchers and communications staff  

PubMed Central

Background Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and HIV issues are often controversial and neglected, leading to challenges with engaging policy actors. Research evidence is complex, posing further challenges for ensuring that policy and practice are evidence-based. Many health researchers are adopting innovative approaches to engaging stakeholders in their research, yet these experiences are not often shared. This qualitative study focuses on the research communication and policy influencing objectives, strategies and experiences of four research consortia working on SRH, HIV and AIDS. Methods We carried out 22 in-depth interviews with researchers and communications specialists (research actors) from the four consortia and their partners, working in nine countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Using the ‘framework’ approach to qualitative data analysis, we identified factors that affect the interaction of research evidence with policy and practice. We used the ODI RAPID analytical framework to present these results, adapting this tool by incorporating the actions, strategies and positionality of research actors. Results The characteristics of researchers and their institutions, policy context, the multiplicity of actors, and the nature of the research evidence all play a role in policy influencing processes. Research actors perceived a trend towards increasingly intensive and varied communication approaches. Effective influencing strategies include making strategic alliances and coalitions and framing research evidence in ways that are most attractive to particular policy audiences. Tensions include the need to identify and avoid unnecessary communication or unintended impacts, challenges in assessing and attributing impact and the need for adequate resources and skills for communications work. Conclusions We contend that the adapted RAPID framework can serve as a tool for research actors to use in resolving these tensions, through facilitating a reflexive approach to considering their own combination of attributes, skills, networks and objectives and the ways these relate to policy contexts, actors and processes. PMID:21679385

2011-01-01

106

COMMUNICATING ASTRONOMY IN EUROPE: Strategies and Challenges in International Organisations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How much do Europeans really know about science and technology? What do they think about it? For more than a decade, the European Union (EU) has carried out regular surveys to measure public opinion and knowledge on a variety of themes across its member states. One survey carried out in early 2005 is of particular interest to science communication - "Europeans, Science and Technology". It's easy to see that science and technology are racing along faster than ever and you would think that people's knowledge and interest of science and technology would be keeping pace. Unfortunately, that is not the case. Over the past few years, Europeans' overall interest in science and technology has decreased. Astronomy plays a special role within public science communication. It serves as a general science "catcher", not only for young people. Astronomy embraces core sciences such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and geology as well as technical disciplines including optics, observational techniques and data analysis. Astronomy reaches wide into the realm of philosophy; it rubs shoulders with religion and is at the core of many science fiction stories. In short, astronomy attracts a wide spectrum of people and may serve as a powerful vehicle for improving the public awareness and understanding of science. Several key International Organisations like the European Space Agency (ESA), the European Southern Observatory (ESO), Europlanet and the International Astronomical Union (IAU) work in Astronomy and Space Sciences in Europe. As well as a general overview of the outreach and communication actions of some of these Organisations, focus will be made in specific cases and examples in the context of these organisations. 2009 will be the International Year of Astronomy. It will be interesting to see how these European Organisations are getting ready for this ultimate science communication challenge.

Barrosa, Mariana

2007-08-01

107

Presentations of the Ninth Advanced Communications Technology Satellite Propagation Studies Workshop (APSW IX)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Communications Technology Satellite Propagation Studies Workshop (APSW) is convened each year to present the results of the ACTS Propagation Campaign. Representatives from the satellite communications (satcom) industry, academia, and government are invited to APSW for discussions and exchange of information. The ACTS Propagation campaign is completing three years of Ka-Band data collection at seven sites in North America. Through this effort, NASA is making a major contribution to growth of satcom services by providing timely propagation data and models for predicting the performance of Ka-Band satellite communications systems.

Golshan, Nasser (Editor)

1997-01-01

108

Compressive Diffusion Strategies Over Distributed Networks for Reduced Communication Load  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the compressive diffusion strategies over distributed networks based on the diffusion implementation and adaptive extraction of the information from the compressed diffusion data. We demonstrate that one can achieve a comparable performance with the full information exchange configurations, even if the diffused information is compressed into a scalar or a single bit. To this end, we provide a complete performance analysis for the compressive diffusion strategies. We analyze the transient, steady-state and tracking performance of the configurations in which the diffused data is compressed into a scalar or a single-bit. We propose a new adaptive combination method improving the convergence performance of the compressive diffusion strategies further. In the new method, we introduce one more freedom-of-dimension in the combination matrix and adapt it by using the conventional mixture approach in order to enhance the convergence performance for any possible combination rule used for the full diffusion configuration. We demonstrate that our theoretical analysis closely follow the ensemble averaged results in our simulations. We provide numerical examples showing the improved convergence performance with the new adaptive combination method.

Sayin, Muhammed O.; Kozat, Suleyman S.

2014-10-01

109

Nasal Foreign Bodies: A Review of Management Strategies and a Clinical Scenario Presentation  

PubMed Central

We report a case of a toothbrush head lodged into the nasal cavity, which required an external rhinoplasty for retrieval. A review of the literature on management strategies in case of nasal foreign bodies is presented. PMID:22379507

Patil, Pavan M.; Anand, Rajeev

2011-01-01

110

Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 Making effective group presentations  

E-print Network

much time. 4. Avoid changing speakers more than you have to. Too many short sections makeCommunicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 Making effective group presentations 1 to report. Make sure the presentation is well balanced with · each speaker speaking for about the same time

Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

111

ASHA Presentations for 2013 Chicago School of Communication Sciences and Disorders  

E-print Network

1 ASHA Presentations for 2013 ­ Chicago School of Communication Sciences and Disorders Topic Area: Speech Sound Disorders in Children Title: Infant Vocal Development: The Search for Early Identification of Disorders Presenters(s): D. Kimbrough Oller, Eugene Buder, Anne S. Warlaumont, Heather Ramsdell

Memphis, University of

112

The power of words in financial markets: soft versus hard communication,a strategy method experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this paper is to analyze the impact of non-informative communications on asset prices. An experimental approach allows us to control for the release of non-relevant messages. We introduce the release of messages in standard experimental asset markets with bubbles (Smith, Suchanek and Williams 1988) through a strategy method experiment. We conjecture that a priori uninformative messages

Corgnet Bruce; Arvin Aashta

2006-01-01

113

Assessing Uganda's public communications campaigns strategy for effective national health policy awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uganda government's national health policy communication campaign strategy has been done in a socio-economic, legal and environmental context dominated by chronic poverty, ignorance, disease and official corruption. Deficiencies in the national health policy awareness, knowledge, risky behaviour and superstitions have increased the incidents of illnesses, diseases, deaths and poverty in Uganda. Published evidence on the effectiveness of the national health

Wilson Okaka

2009-01-01

114

Organizational and Communication Strategies as Responses to Change: Continuing Education Programs in Corporate Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Upon the breakup of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company in 1984, one of its component parts, Pacific Bell, utilized a number of organizational and communication strategies in responding to the change. The company formed the Telesis Management Institute in 1985 with the mandate to provide educational directions and navigate the changes in…

Go, Mae Jean

115

Share Risk and Energy: Sampling and Communication Strategies for Multi-Camera Wireless Monitoring  

E-print Network

monitoring, where use cases range from wildlife monitoring [9] to microclimate monitoring [2]. ThanksShare Risk and Energy: Sampling and Communication Strategies for Multi-Camera Wireless Monitoring--In the context of environmental monitoring, outdoor wireless cameras are vulnerable to natural hazards

Shihada, Basem

116

Communication Strategies Used by High School English Language Learners in Multilingual Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, twenty-five high school English language learners were observed in their classrooms in a New York City public school while they worked in small groups. All observations were video recorded or done by the researcher while in the classrooms. The videos were then transcribed. Communication strategies that the participants used were…

Spromberg, Sarah

2011-01-01

117

Anticipatory Democracy and Citizen Involvement: Strategies for Communication Education for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the "anticipatory democracy" movement, which advocates citizen participation and awareness of future problems, and suggests instructional strategies for the field of communication to increase both students' and community members' future-consciousness and involvement in society. Specific topics of concern are the formation of…

Flory, Joyce

118

Person-Centered Planning: Strategies to Encourage Participation and Facilitate Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Person-centered planning is a process that allows individuals, family members, and friends an opportunity to share information to develop a personal profile and a future vision for an individual. This article describes strategies and technology that teachers can use to promote parents' participation and facilitate communication while maintaining…

Wells, Jenny C.; Sheehey, Patricia H.

2012-01-01

119

The Impromptu Gauntlet: An Experiential Strategy for Developing Lasting Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Typical business communication courses provide significantly more opportunities for students to hone their skills in writing compared with speaking. This article outlines an impromptu speech assignment and explains a course-level strategy for providing each student with more than 30 significant speaking opportunities during a term. This approach…

Yale, Robert N.

2014-01-01

120

Teaching a Distance Education Version of the Technical Communication Service Course: Timesaving Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author has taught a distance education version of the undergraduate technical communication service course at Boise State University since 1997 and shares the strategies he has found to decrease the time instructors spend teaching online, thereby enabling them to use the time they do have to enhance their students' online experience. These…

Battalio, John T.

2006-01-01

121

Communications Strategies on Alcohol and Highway Safety. Volume I. Adults 18-55. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first part of a two-part, two volume study deals with adults aged 18-55 and identifies target populations and communications strategies for encouraging personal action steps to prevent drunk driving. Fully 54% of adult Americans participate once a month in social or business situations where alcohol is served. They are termed Alcohol Related…

Grey Advertising, Inc., New York, NY.

122

Development of an IEEE standard for integrated substation automation communication (P1525): specification for a minimum risk migration strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A minimum risk migration strategy is defined to migrate from legacy systems to the IEEE 1525 standard-based open system architecture. The strategy is possible, providing the system integrator pays attention to communication details. To implement a cost-effective substation automation system, communication between the substation and the control center must be in balance to ensure that operators are not overwhelmed by

H. L. Smith

2000-01-01

123

General practitioners' strategies and tactics of communication with the terminally ill.  

PubMed

Interviews with 22 randomly selected general practitioners (GPs) investigated their communication with terminally ill patients. In interview analysis a conceptual distinction was drawn between objectives, strategies and tactics. When treating terminal patients, GPs expressed the objectives of keeping the patient comfortable, painfree, happy and maintaining dignity. A strategy is a plan and mode of approaching patients existing over an extended time period. Three strategies were described by GPs for use when interacting with terminally ill patients. These are characterized as 'try to disclose', 'let the patient decide' and 'avoid disclosing'. Tactics refer to behaviours used within a single consultation, as part of a strategy. Six tactics are described: evasion, denial, uncertainty, hints and prompts, euphemism and reassurance. Different strategies imply quite different forms of consultation. Thus to understand a consultation we must place it into the context of the series. PMID:7506681

Todd, C; Still, A

1993-09-01

124

Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five articles discussing communications in vocational education include "The Golden Rule of Administration" by Ben Mortensen; "Vital Link with Parents" by Richard Sullivan; "An Interpersonal Exercise" by John Villiers; "Face to Face with Employers" by Gregg Bosak; and "Recruitment Strategies" by Susan Miller. (SK)

Mortensen, Ben F.; And Others

1981-01-01

125

National Public Awareness Campaigns for 2000: Part of Your Communications Strategy. Join Together Special Monthly Action Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important part of a community strategy to reduce substance abuse is a communications plan. The plan is meant to guide efforts as the targeted message is communicated and information is disseminated. Part 1 of this paper provides an introduction to the basics of a communications plan and helps providers think about different ways to get the…

Join Together, Boston, MA.

126

The Effects of Varying Pictorial Detail and Presentation Strategy on Concept Formation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of varying pictorial detail and presentation strategy on learners of varying grade levels in a visually transmitted concept formation task. Specifically, line drawings containing only relevant details and halftones containing relevant and irrelevant detail were presented successively and…

Gorman, Don A.

127

A Comparison of Traditional and Hybrid Online Instructional Presentation in Communication Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online education has become a central element of the discourse on higher education. There seems to be an overall drive toward online learning given the mounting need for flexibility in scheduling and the daily emergence of communication technologies and capabilities. Online education is presented as a means of conveying instruction to an extensive…

Ernst, Jeremy V.

2008-01-01

128

Communication Effects of Advertising versus Direct Experience When Both Search and Experience Attributes Are Present  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has predicted that direct product experience will be superior to advertising in communicating information about products. In experiment 1 of the present study, claims about search attributes were better recognized and beliefs about search attributes were more accessible and more confidently held after exposure to ads in comparison with direct experience of two inexpensive packaged products. Experiment 2

Alice A. Wright

1995-01-01

129

Journalism and Technical Communication presents the Fourth Biennial Colorado State University Media Festival  

E-print Network

Journalism and Technical Communication presents the Fourth Biennial Colorado State University Media Festival September 25--28, 2013 Share your creativity, your passion for producing media, and your secrets Colorado State University graduates are widely recognized for quality media efforts. On the heels

Stephens, Graeme L.

130

Utilization of KSC Present Broadband Communications Data System for Digital Video Services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers a visibility study of utilizing present KSC broadband communications data system (BCDS) for digital video services. Digital video services include compressed digital TV delivery and video-on-demand. Furthermore, the study examines the possibility of providing interactive video on demand to desktop personal computers via KSC computer network.

Andrawis, Alfred S.

2002-01-01

131

A Competing Values Framework for Analyzing Presentational Communication in Management Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws from the literature on organizational and managerial effectiveness to construct a three-dimensional "competing values model." Illustrates the dynamic interplay between the highly contrasting characteristics of four types of presentational communication. Discusses the benefits of the model and suggests its usefulness as an evaluative tool for…

Quinn, Robert E.; And Others

1991-01-01

132

Utilization of KSC Present Broadband Communications Data System For Digital Video Services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers a visibility study of utilizing present KSC broadband communications data system (BCDS) for digital video services. Digital video services include compressed digital TV delivery and video-on-demand. Furthermore, the study examines the possibility of providing interactive video on demand to desktop personal computers via KSC computer network.

Andrawis, Alfred S.

2001-01-01

133

NASA's Agency-Wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research. To help enable existing and future programs to pursue this mission, NASA has established the Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC) to proactively identify, analyze, and communicate environmental regulatory risks to the NASA community. The RRAC PC is chartered to evaluate the risks posed to NASA Programs and facilities by environmentally related drivers. The RRAC PC focuses on emerging environmental regulations, as well as risks related to operational changes that can trigger existing environmental requirements. Changing regulations have the potential to directly affect program activities. For example, regulatory changes can restrict certain activities or operations by mandating changes in how operations may be done or limiting where or how certain operations can take place. Regulatory changes also can directly affect the ability to use certain materials by mandating a production phase-out or restricting usage applications of certain materials. Such changes can result in NASA undertaking material replacement efforts. Even if a regulation does not directly affect NASA operations, U.S. and international regulations can pose program risks indirectly through requirements levied on manufacturers and vendors of components and materials. For example, manufacturers can change their formulations to comply with new regulatory requirements. Such changes can require time-consuming and costly requalification certification for use in human spaceflight programs. The RRAC PC has implemented several strategies for proactively managing regulatory change to minimize potential adverse impacts to NASA Programs and facilities. This presentation highlights the lessons learned through establishing the RRAC PC, the process by which the RRAC PC monitors and distributes information about emerging regulatory requirements, and the cross-Agency cooperation that is vital to supporting NASA's mission.

Duda, Kristen; Scroggins, Sharon

2008-01-01

134

NASA's Agency-wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research. To help enable existing and future programs to pursue this mission, NASA has established the Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC) to proactively identify, analyze, and communicate environmental regulatory risks to the NASA community. The RRAC PC is chartered to evaluate the risks posed to NASA Programs and facilities by environmentally related drivers. The RRAC PC focuses on emerging environmental regulations, as well as risks related to operational changes that can trigger existing environmental requirements. Changing regulations have the potential to directly affect program activities. For example, regulatory changes can restrict certain activities or operations by mandating changes in how operations may be done or limiting where or how certain operations can take place. Regulatory changes also can directly affect the ability to use certain materials by mandating a production phase-out or restricting usage aPi'iications of certain materials. Such changes can result in NASA undertaking material replacement efforts. Even if a regulation does not directly affect NASA operations, U.S. and international regulations can pose program risks indirectly through requirements levied on manufacturers and vendors of components and materials. For example, manufacturers can change their formulations to comply with new regulatory requirements. Such changes can require time-consuming and costly requalification certification for use in human spaceflight programs. The RRAC PC has implemented several strategies for proactively managing regulatory change to minimize potential adverse impacts to NASA Programs and facilities. This presentation highlights the lessons learned through establishing the RRAC PC, the process by which the RRAC PC monitors and distributes information about emerging regulatory requirements, and the cross-Agency cooperation that is vital to supporting NASA's mission.

Duda, Kristen; Scroggins. Sharon

2008-01-01

135

Moving into the 21st Century: Curriculum Strategies for Children's Physical Education. PACE VI Presentation Handouts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handouts from the Ohio conference PACE (Positive Approaches to Children's Education) VI are presented. Among them are: (1) "Hugs" (submitted by A. Braselton); (2) "Rhythmic Activities for 2001" (L. Hardman); (3) "A Strategy for Cognitive Development in Physical Education" (C. Regimal); (4) "It's the Kids That Count! Great Activities Make…

Belka, David E., Ed.

136

SYMPTOM COMMUNICATION DURING CRITICAL ILLNESS: THE IMPACT OF AGE, DELIRIUM, AND DELIRIUM PRESENTATION  

PubMed Central

Communication of symptoms is integral to quality patient care in any setting. However, communication between patients and nurses in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is complicated by oral or endotracheal intubation and fluctuating neurocognitive status or delirium. We report the 1) prevalence of delirium and delirium subtypes in a group of non-vocal, mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients; 2) impact of age on delirium presentation; and 3) influence of delirium and age on symptom communication over time. Interactions between mechanically ventilated, critically ill adults (N=89) and their nurses (N=30) were video recorded and analyzed for evidence of patient communication about symptoms at 4 time points across two consecutive days. Delirium was measured at study enrollment and immediately following video recording sessions for a total of 5 time points. Delirium prevalence on study enrollment was 23.6% and for observational time point was 28.7%. Participants aged 60 and older were more likely to be delirious on enrollment and during the videorecorded sessions. Older age (? 60 years) was associated with self-report of pain, drowsiness and cold. Delirium was associated with self-reported dry mouth. PMID:23755732

Tate, Judith A; Sereika, Susan; Divirgilio, Dana; Nilsen, Marci; Demirci, Jill; Campbell, Grace; Happ, Mary Beth

2014-01-01

137

The PowerPoint Presentation and Its Corollaries: How Genres Shape Communicative Action in Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acknowledgments We appreciate the helpful comments,of Mark Zachry and Charlotte Thralls on an earlier draft of this chapter. This research was supported in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation (award #ITR-0085725). ii The PowerPoint Presentation and Its Corollaries: How Genres Shape Communicative Action in Organizations Abstract In this chapter, we examine how and with what consequences the

JoAnne Yates; Wanda Orlikowski

138

Education Techniques for Lifelong Learning Giving a PowerPoint Presentation: The Art of Communicating Effectively1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effectiveness of an oral presentation depends on the ability of the speaker to communicate with the audience. An important part of this communication is focusing on two to five key points and emphasizing those points during the presentation. Every aspect of the presentation should be purposeful and directed at facilitating learners' achievement of the objectives. This necessitates that the speaker

Jannette Collins

139

Marketing Communication Consulting: Tips from Our Clients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents advice on how business communication consultants can best work with clients to meet communication and training challenges. Summarizes the views of four training professionals and managers on successful marketing strategies for business communication consultants. (MM)

Nord, Martha

1989-01-01

140

Evaluating risk communication: Narrative vs. technical presentations of information about radon  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on an experiment to test the hypothesis that people respond better to risk communication that reflects more closely the conditions of their social and cultural lives. The experiment used the case of radon to determine whether technical or narrative forms of risk communication were more effective at drawing people`s attention, imparting information, and modifying behavior. Two series of articles on radon were placed in the local newspapers of two Massachusetts communities. Homeowners attitudes, knowledge, and responses were monitored in baseline and follow-up telephone surveys. A third community was selected for comparison. The newspaper series were developed on the basis of previous research and six focus groups conducted with homeowners. The technical series presented authoritative, factual risk information, in the scientific style of the passive voice with generalized and impersonal language. The narrative series consisted of dramatized accounts of individuals making decisions about radon testing and mitigation, written in a more personal style. The findings from the focus groups confirm the results of previous studies, but the small size of the follow-up samples was a limiting factor in drawing definitive conclusions about the relative effectiveness of the two formats. The experiment demonstrates the difficulty of any risk communication effort on radon and underscores the need for good research design. The study illustrates the need for further research on the role of sociological and cultural factors in the public perception and response to risk. 30 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Golding, D. [Center for Risk Management, Washington, DC (United States); Krimsky, S.; Plough, A. [Tufts Univ., Medford, MA (United States)

1992-03-01

141

Communication Research in Aviation and Space Operations: Symptoms and Strategies of Crew Coordination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The day-to-day operators of today's aerospace systems work under increasing pressures to accomplish more with less. They work in operational systems which are complex, technology-based, and high-risk; in which incidents and accidents have far-reaching and costly consequences. For these and other reasons, there is concern that the safety net formerly built upon redundant systems and abundant resources may become overburdened. Although we know that human ingenuity can overcome incredible odds, human nature can also fail in unpredictable ways. Over the last 20 years, a large percentage of aviation accidents and incidents have been attributed to human errors rather than hardware or environmental factors alone. A class of errors have been identified which are not due to a lack of individual, technical competencies. Rather, they are due to the failure of teams to utilize readily available resources or information in a timely fashion. These insights began a training revolution in the aviation industry called Cockpit Resource Management, which later became known as Crew Resource Management (CRM) as its concepts and applications extended to teams beyond the flightdeck. Then, as now, communication has been a cornerstone in CRM training since crew coordination and resource management largely resides within information transfer processes--both within flightcrews, and between flightcrews and the ground operations teams that support them. The research I will describe takes its roots in CRM history as we began to study communication processes in order to discover symptoms of crew coordination problems, as well as strategies of effective crew management. On the one hand, communication is often the means or the tool by which team members manage their resources, solve problems, maintain situational awareness and procedural discipline. Conversely, it is the lack of planning and resource management, loss of vigilance and situational awareness, and non-standard communications that are implicated in accidents and incidents. NASA/Ames Crew Factors researchers have been developing a model of effective crew coordination in order to understand the sources of performance breakdowns, and to develop effective solutions and interventions. Because communication is a primary mechanism by which information is received and transmitted, and because it is observable behavior, we focus on these group processes in order to identify patterns of communication that distinguish effective from less effective crew performance. Since a prime objective is to develop training recommendations for enhancing communication skills, we interpret our findings in the context of relevant task and environmental conditions, role and procedural constraints, and the normal real-time parameters of flight operations. Another research objective is to consider how communication and coordination can be enhanced through design. For example, flight deck and hardware design as well as procedural and software design may greatly influence the efficiency with which crews communicate and coordinate their work. In addition, teams and tasks may be designed, organized, and trained so that team interactions with each other are based upon appropriately shared knowledge, procedures and situation awareness. In short, we are interested in enhancing communication practices through (1) the training of specific communication skills, and (2) the design of equipment, tasks, procedures, and teams that optimize smooth, unambiguous communication processes. Two examples of communication research will be described; one in aviation and one in space operations. The first example is a high-fidelity full mission simulation study which investigates the affect of flightdeck automation on crew coordination and communication (contrasting crew performance in the DC-9 vs. MD88). Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Kanki, Barbara G.; Hart, Sandra G. (Technical Monitor)

1994-01-01

142

An efficient communication strategy for mobile agent based distributed spatial data mining application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient communication strategy is proposed in this paper, which aims to improve the response time and availability of mobile agent based distributed spatial data mining applications. When dealing with decomposed complex data mining tasks or On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP), mobile agents authorized by the specified user need to coordinate and cooperate with each other by employing given communication method to fulfill the subtasks delegated to them. Agent interactive behavior, e.g. messages passing, intermediate results exchanging and final results merging, must happen after the specified path is determined by executing given routing selection algorithm. Most of algorithms exploited currently run in time that grows approximately quadratic with the size of the input nodes where mobile agents migrate between. In order to gain enhanced communication performance by reducing the execution time of the decision algorithm, we propose an approach to reduce the number of nodes involved in the computation. In practice, hosts in the system are reorganized into groups in terms of the bandwidth between adjacent nodes. Then, we find an optimal node for each group with high bandwidth and powerful computing resources, which is managed by an agent dispatched by agent home node. With that, the communication pattern can be implemented at a higher level of abstraction and contribute to improving the overall performance of mobile agent based distributed spatial data mining applications.

Han, Guodong; Wang, Jiazhen

2005-11-01

143

Implementing Communication Strategy Instruction in the ESL Oral Classroom: What Do Low-Proficiency Learners Tell Us?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports findings from a strategy intervention study involving a treatment class (N=20) and a comparison class (N=20) in an ESL oral setting. Oral communication strategies were taught to the treatment class. A data-collection method comprising stimulated recall interviews that aimed to investigate respectively the learning process…

Lam, Wendy Y. K.

2010-01-01

144

Communication strategies to help reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases: Proceedings from the inaugural IFIC Foundation Global Diet and Physical Activity Communications Summit  

PubMed Central

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which include cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes, all of which are associated with the common risk factors of poor diet and insufficient physical activity, caused 63% of all deaths globally in 2008. The increasing discussion of global NCDs, including at the 2011 United Nations General Assembly High-level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases, and a request for multi-stakeholder engagement, prompted the International Food Information Council Foundation to sponsor the Global Diet and Physical Activity Communications Summit: “Insights to Motivate Healthful, Active Lifestyles” on September 19, 2011, in New York City. The Summit brought together a diverse group of stakeholders, representing 34 nations from governments; communication, health, nutrition, and fitness professions; civil society; nonprofits; academia; and the private sector. The Summit provided expert insights and best practices for the use of science-based, behavior-focused communications to motivate individuals to achieve healthful, active lifestyles, with the goal of reducing the prevalence of NCDs. Presented here are some of the highlights and key findings from the Summit. PMID:22537216

Fernstrom, Madelyn H; Reed, Kimberly A; Rahavi, Elizabeth B; Dooher, Carrie C

2012-01-01

145

Progression of strategies used by a healthcare system preparing for healthcare reform: past and present.  

PubMed

Strategies used by CaroMont Health to improve quality, decrease cost, and increase operational efficiency have ultimately aligned our system to address the present and future challenges confronting healthcare. Beginning with To Err is Human (Institute of Medicine 1999) and continuing with the healthcare reform bill of 2010, CaroMont Health has responded to challenges by striving to provide excellent patient care in a cost-effective manner. In this journey, CaroMont has discovered several key success factors essential in navigating this transformation. Our strategies reinforce the fact that improved quality and patient outcomes will ultimately reduce overall healthcare costs. In an ongoing collaboration with the Premier healthcare alliance, CaroMont Health has evolved from focusing on process metrics to delivering value-based care. CaroMont is now positioned to enter the new world of value-based delivery leading to accountability for community health. PMID:21090213

Rutledge, Valinda; Huber, David; Mathews, Jan

2010-01-01

146

Intervention strategies to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases in Mexico: cost effectiveness analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To inform decision making regarding intervention strategies against non-communicable diseases in Mexico, in the context of health reform. Design Cost effectiveness analysis based on epidemiological modelling. Interventions 101 intervention strategies relating to nine major clusters of non-communicable disease: depression, heavy alcohol use, tobacco use, cataracts, breast cancer, cervical cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Data sources Mexican data sources were used for most key input parameters, including administrative registries; disease burden and population estimates; household surveys; and drug price databases. These sources were supplemented as needed with estimates for Mexico from the WHO-CHOICE unit cost database or with estimates extrapolated from the published literature. Main outcome measures Population health outcomes, measured in disability adjusted life years (DALYs); costs in 2005 international dollars ($Int); and costs per DALY. Results Across 101 intervention strategies examined in this study, average yearly costs at the population level would range from around ?$Int1m (such as for cataract surgeries) to >$Int1bn for certain strategies for primary prevention in cardiovascular disease. Wide variation also appeared in total population health benefits, from <1000 DALYs averted a year (for some components of cancer treatments or aspirin for acute ischaemic stroke) to >300?000 averted DALYs (for aggressive combinations of interventions to deal with alcohol use or cardiovascular risks). Interventions in this study spanned a wide range of average cost effectiveness ratios, differing by more than three orders of magnitude between the lowest and highest ratios. Overall, community and public health interventions such as non-personal interventions for alcohol use, tobacco use, and cardiovascular risks tended to have lower cost effectiveness ratios than many clinical interventions (of varying complexity). Even within the community and public health interventions, however, there was a 200-fold difference between the most and least cost effective strategies examined. Likewise, several clinical interventions appeared among the strategies with the lowest average cost effectiveness ratios—for example, cataract surgeries. Conclusions Wide variations in costs and effects exist within and across intervention categories. For every major disease area examined, at least some strategies provided excellent value for money, including both population based and personal interventions. PMID:22389335

2012-01-01

147

Clinical handover as an interactive event: informational and interactional communication strategies in effective shift-change handovers.  

PubMed

Clinical handover -- the transfer between clinicians of responsibility and accountability for patients and their care (AMA 2006) -- is a pivotal and high-risk communicative event in hospital practice. Studies focusing on critical incidents, mortality, risk and patient harm in hospitals have highlighted ineffective communication -- including incomplete and unstructured clinical handovers -- as a major contributing factor (NSW Health 2005; ACSQHC 2010). In Australia, as internationally, Health Departments and hospital management have responded by introducing standardised handover communication protocols. This paper problematises one such protocol - the ISBAR tool - and argues that the narrow understanding of communication on which such protocols are based may seriously constrain their ability to shape effective handovers. Based on analysis of audio-recorded shift-change clinical handovers between medical staff we argue that handover communication must be conceptualised as inherently interactive and that attempts to describe, model and teach handover practice must recognise both informational and interactive communication strategies. By comparing the communicative performance of participants in authentic handover events we identify communication strategies that are more and less likely to lead to an effective handover and demonstrate the importance of focusing close up on communication to improve the quality and safety of healthcare interactions. PMID:24575676

Eggins, Suzanne; Slade, Diana

2012-01-01

148

Implications and Strategies for Instruction of the Nontraditional Student in the Conventional Basic Speech Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Older, nontraditional students are appearing with increasing frequency in conventional basic communication classes, and the unique learning needs of this group present a challenge to instructors, who must take into consideration the following: (1) the challenge of the learning process itself, (2) basic problems or concerns of the adult within the…

Ross, Roseanna; Stokes, Colleen Stiles

149

Learning Our Way into Communication: The Making of the Communication and Information Strategy "with" the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the making of the Communication and Information Strategy with the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme (NAADS) in Uganda. The NAADS is a new organization in government responsible for the implementation of a demand-driven agricultural extension approach. The new extension approach calls for fundamental changes in…

Ramirez, Ricardo

2005-01-01

150

SP-TPC: a self-protective energy efficient communication strategy for IEEE 802.11 WLANs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a novel energy efficient communication strategy, called SP-TPC, for IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs (WLANs). SP-TPC utilizes both transmit power control (TPC) and PHY rate adaptation in order to minimize the communication energy consumption while maximizing the throughput performance. When TPC is employed in the 802.11 WLAN, the overall performance may be degraded due to the potential increase of

Youngsoo Kim; Jeonggyun Yu; Sunghyun Choi

2004-01-01

151

Exploring attitudes, beliefs, and communication preferences of Latino community members regarding BRCA1/2 mutation testing and preventive strategies  

PubMed Central

Purpose To inform development of a culturally sensitive hereditary breast and ovarian cancer communication initiative and related clinical genetic services. Methods Five focus groups were conducted with 51 female and male Latinos. Educational materials were designed to communicate information about hereditary breast or ovarian cancer and availability of relevant clinical services or prevention strategies. Focus groups explored participants’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, BRCA1/2 testing, and communication preferences for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer health messages. Results Overall, awareness of familial breast and ovarian cancer and availability of genetic risk assessment was low. Once informed, participants held favorable attitudes toward risk assessment and counseling services. Critical themes of the research highlighted the need to provide bilingual media products and use of a variety of strategies to increase awareness about hereditary cancer risk and availability of clinical genetic services. Important barriers were identified regarding family cancer history communication and cancer prevention services. Strategies were suggested for communicating cancer genetic information to increase awareness and overcome these barriers; these included both targeted and tailored approaches. Conclusion This research suggests that cancer genetic communication efforts should consider community and cultural perspectives as well as health care access issues before widespread implementation. PMID:20061960

Kinney, Anita Yeomans; Gammon, Amanda; Coxworth, James; Simonsen, Sara E.; Arce-Laretta, Maritza

2011-01-01

152

Strategies for a Creative Future with Computer Science, Quality Design and Communicability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the current work is presented the importance of the two-way triad between computer science, design and communicability. It is demonstrated how the principles of quality of software engineering are not universal since they are disappearing inside university training. Besides, a short analysis of the term "creativity" males apparent the existence of plagiarism as a human factor that damages the future of communicability applied to the on-line and off-line contents of the open software. A set of measures and guidelines are presented so that the triad works again correctly in the next years to foster the qualitative design of the interactive systems on-line and/or off-line.

Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco V.; Villarreal, Maria

153

Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1983 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (New Orleans, Louisiana, January 21-24, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues in educational communications and technology are addressed in this collection of 35 papers, in which research reports predominate. Topics discussed include factors related to the learner, e.g., field dependence/independence, reading ability, learning strategies, and cognitive style. Presentation format and media and stimulus…

Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; And Others

154

P.U.R.E. Communication: A Strategy to Improve Care-Coordination for High Risk Birth  

PubMed Central

High-risk birth can be an emotionally-charged and sometimes emergent event that requires a cohesive multidisciplinary team. Communication breakdowns in perinatal emergencies are known to contribute to errors and adverse patient outcomes. One approach to breaching these barriers is the Purposeful, Unambiguous, Respectful, and Effective, P.U.R.E. process. P.U.R.E. is a method of communication that emphasizes coordination and recognizes the contributions of each member of the team. The purpose of this article is to describe how the P.U.R.E. process works and how teamwork strategies, group skills training, and structured communication techniques complement it. PMID:22773922

Gephart, Sheila M.; Cholette, Meghan

2012-01-01

155

Presentations  

Cancer.gov

Presentations Name Position Presentation (ppt) Sudhir Srivastava, PhD, MPH Chief, Cancer Biomarkers Research Group Metabolomics: An Untapped Frontier (ppt, 161kb) John Milner, PhD Chief, Nutritional Sciences research Group Can Metabolomics

156

The Missing Role of Parents: A Content Analysis of Newspaper Coverage of Parenting Practices and Communication Strategies for Addressing Binge Drinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents can employ communication strategies to prevent alcohol use among college students. This investigation utilizes content analysis to examine the coverage of parent-related strategies in 32 newspapers over the last decade. Of the 255 articles related to college drinking, only 49 mentioned one or more parenting strategies. The most frequently mentioned strategies were parental notification of their child's problem behavior

Natoshia M. Askelson; Shelly Campo; Teresa Mastin; Mary Slonske

2009-01-01

157

Evaluating risk communication: Narrative vs. technical presentations of information about radon  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an experiment to test the hypothesis that people respond better to risk communication that reflects more closely the conditions of their social and cultural lives. The experiment used the case of radon to determine whether technical or narrative forms of risk communication were more effective at drawing people`s attention, imparting information, and modifying behavior. Two series

Dominic Golding; Sheldon Krimsky; Alonzo Plough

1992-01-01

158

Evaluation of the Parent-Implemented Communication Strategies (PiCS) Project Using the Multiattribute Utility (MAU) Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted a multiattribute utility (MAU) evaluation to assess the Parent-Implemented Communication Strategies (PiCS) project which was funded by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES). In the PiCS project parents of young children with developmental disabilities are trained and coached in their homes on naturalistic and visual teaching…

Stoner, Julia B.; Meadan, Hedda; Angell, Maureen E.; Daczewitz, Marcus

2012-01-01

159

Successful Information and Communication Technology Implementation Strategies for Rural Communities: An Investigation of Tech-Based Economic Development Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many rural communities across America face several obstacles in the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) initiatives and struggle with the best approaches for leveraging these elements into an economic development strategy. These obstacles include: lack of quality local ICTs infrastructure, funding, inability to…

Sullivan, Donna Annette

2009-01-01

160

Framing and Counterframing the Issue of Corporate Social ResponsibilityThe Communication Strategies of Nikebiz.com  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on the communication strategies that sports shoe giant Nike used to successfully protect its corporate social responsibility (CSR) reputation during the late 1990s. The article opens with a brief discussion of CSR and its critical importance to transnationals such as Nike. The opening also includes four research questions guiding this study. The article then discusses why frame

Randall L. Waller; Roger N. Conaway

2011-01-01

161

Case studies of IT sophistication in nursing homes: A mixed method approach to examine communication strategies about pressure ulcer  

E-print Network

communication strategies about pressure ulcer prevention practices Gregory L. Alexander a,d,*, Linsey M. Steege ulcer Social networking a b s t r a c t Most nursing homes lack information technology (IT of technology related to skin care and pressure ulcers. We used a mixed method approach to conduct case studies

He, Zhihai "Henry"

162

Mexican American Mothers of Low and Middle Socioeconomic Status: Communication Behaviors and Interactive Strategies during Shared Book Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this investigation was to describe and compare the communication behaviors and interactive reading strategies used by Mexican American mothers of low- and middle-socioeconomic status (SES) background during shared book reading. Method: Twenty Mexican American mother-child dyads from the Southwestern United States were observed…

Rodriguez, Barbara L.; Hines, Rachel; Montiel, Miguel

2009-01-01

163

Organizational Culture and Strategic Communication Practice: Testing the Competing Values Model (CVM) and Employee Communication Strategies (ECS) Model in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational culture has long been considered as a key factor that can influence strategic communication practice such as public relations. However, little empirical research dealing with organizational culture can be found in public relations. In this study, we define employee communication as a special practice area of public relations and examine how it is affected by organizational culture. An attempt

Yunna Rhee; Beach Moon

2009-01-01

164

Strategies for early recognition of cutaneous melanoma--present and future  

PubMed Central

Cutaneous melanoma is a highly aggressive malignant tumor of skin melanocytes with an increasing incidence in most countries of the world, especially in the fair-skinned populations. Despite all preventive and therapeutic efforts, malignant melanoma is still the most lethal skin cancer. A delayed diagnosis results in an advanced stage and worsened prognosis. Once distant metastases are present, the five-year survival rate is less than 10 percent. At the same time, patients may be cured by an early diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma followed by a wide excision. Therefore, the early detection of melanoma at curable stages is crucial for the patients’ survival. Besides the investigation of pigmented lesions with the unaided eye, a wide range of examination techniques for improved diagnostic accuracy have been developed and validated in clinical trials. However, none of these techniques are able to provide a definite and final diagnosis or to replace an excisional biopsy of suspicious lesions followed by histological analysis. This review provides a concise overview of general principles as well as current and future strategies for an improved early diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma PMID:23785608

Brehmer, Franziska; Ulrich, Martina; Haenssle, Holger A.

2012-01-01

165

Strategies for early recognition of cutaneous melanoma-present and future.  

PubMed

Cutaneous melanoma is a highly aggressive malignant tumor of skin melanocytes with an increasing incidence in most countries of the world, especially in the fair-skinned populations. Despite all preventive and therapeutic efforts, malignant melanoma is still the most lethal skin cancer. A delayed diagnosis results in an advanced stage and worsened prognosis. Once distant metastases are present, the five-year survival rate is less than 10 percent. At the same time, patients may be cured by an early diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma followed by a wide excision. Therefore, the early detection of melanoma at curable stages is crucial for the patients' survival. Besides the investigation of pigmented lesions with the unaided eye, a wide range of examination techniques for improved diagnostic accuracy have been developed and validated in clinical trials. However, none of these techniques are able to provide a definite and final diagnosis or to replace an excisional biopsy of suspicious lesions followed by histological analysis. This review provides a concise overview of general principles as well as current and future strategies for an improved early diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma. PMID:23785608

Brehmer, Franziska; Ulrich, Martina; Haenssle, Holger A

2012-07-01

166

Matched and Mismatched Appraisals of the Effectiveness of Communication Strategies by Family Caregivers of Persons with Alzheimer's Disease  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Communication problems stemming from Alzheimer's disease (AD) often result in misunderstandings that can be linked with problem behaviours and increased caregiver stress. Moreover, these communication breakdowns also can result either from caregivers' use of ineffective communication strategies, which paradoxically are…

Savundranayagam, Marie Y.; Orange, J. B.

2014-01-01

167

Communicating Science on YouTube and Beyond: OSIRIS-REx Presents 321Science!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA’s OSIRIS-REx asteroid sample return mission launched OSIRIS-REx Presents 321Science!, a series of short videos, in December 2013 at youtube.com/osirisrex. A multi-disciplinary team of communicators, film and graphic arts students, teens, scientists, and engineers produces one video per month on a science and engineering topic related to the OSIRIS-REx mission. The format is designed to engage all members of the public, but especially younger audiences with the science and engineering of the mission. The videos serve as a resource for team members and others, complementing more traditional formats such as formal video interviews, mission animations, and hands-on activities. In creating this new form of OSIRIS-REx engagement, we developed 321Science! as an umbrella program to encourage expansion of the concept and topics beyond the OSIRIS-REx mission through partnerships. Such an expansion strengthens and magnifies the reach of the OSIRIS-REx efforts.321Science! has a detailed proposed schedule of video production through launch in 2016. Production plans are categorized to coincide with the course of the mission beginning with Learning the basics – about asteroids and the mission – and proceeding to Building the spacecraft, Run up to launch, Cruising to Bennu, Run up to rendezvous, Mapping Bennu, Sampling, Analyzing data, Cruising home and Returning and analyzing the sample. The video library will host a combination of videos on broad science topics and short specialized concepts with an average length of 2-3 minutes. Video production also takes into account external events, such as other missions’ milestones, to draw attention to our videos. Production will remain flexible and responsive to audience interests and needs and to developments in the mission, science, and external events. As of August 2014, 321Science! videos have over 22,000 views. We use YouTube analytics to evaluate our success and we are investigating additional and more rigorous evaluation methods for future analysis.

Spitz, Anna H.; Dykhuis, Melissa; Platts, Symeon; Keane, James T.; Tanquary, Hannah E.; Zellem, Robert; Hawley, Tiffany; Lauretta, Dante; Beshore, Ed; Bottke, Bill; Hergenrother, Carl; Dworkin, Jason P.; Patchell, Rose; Spitz, Sarah E.; Bentley, Zoe

2014-11-01

168

Symptom communication during critical illness: the impact of age, delirium, and delirium presentation.  

PubMed

Symptom communication is integral to quality patient care. Communication between patients and nurses in the intensive care unit (ICU) is complicated by oral or endotracheal intubation and fluctuating neurocognitive status or delirium. We report the (a) prevalence of delirium and its subtypes in non-vocal, mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients; (b) impact of age on delirium; and (c) influence of delirium and age on symptom communication. Videorecorded interactions between patients (N = 89) and nurses (N = 30) were analyzed for evidence of patient symptom communication at four time points across 2 consecutive days. Delirium was measured at enrollment and following sessions. Delirium prevalence was 23.6% at enrollment and 28.7% across sessions. Participants age >60 were more likely to be delirious on enrollment and during observational sessions. Delirium was associated with self-report of pain, drowsiness, and feeling cold. Patients were significantly less likely to initiate symptom communication when delirious. Symptom identification should be carefully undertaken in older adults with or without delirium. PMID:23755732

Tate, Judith A; Sereika, Susan; Divirgilio, Dana; Nilsen, Marci; Demerci, Jill; Campbell, Grace; Happ, Mary Beth

2013-08-01

169

Distance Education Technology Study. Final Report: Executive Summary presented to: Wisconsin Educational Communications Board.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the final report and executive summary of a distance education technology study conducted on behalf of the Wisconsin Educational Communications Board (WECB) during 1992-93 in order to provide information to assist the educational institutions of the state in formulating strategic directions for the development of distance…

Evans Associates, Thiensville, WI.

170

Graphic Presentation: An Empirical Examination of the Graphic Novel Approach to Communicate Business Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphic novels have been increasingly incorporated into business communication forums. Despite potential benefits, little research has examined the merits of the graphic novel approach. In response, we engage in a two-study approach. Study 1 explores the potential of graphic novels to affect learning outcomes and finds that the graphic novel was…

Short, Jeremy C.; Randolph-Seng, Brandon; McKenny, Aaron F.

2013-01-01

171

Information and Communication Technology in the Israeli Educational System: Past, Present and Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the Israeli educational system. Discusses a behaviorist approach to computer assisted instruction; open-ended courseware; constructivist approaches to multimedia, including simulations, modeling, and virtual reality; technology-based distance learning; and…

Katz, Yaacov J.

2002-01-01

172

Christian communication and its impact on Korean society : past, present and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although it is historically acknowledged that the Republic of Korea (South) has become a modern democratic republic, very little has been written or researched about the processes that were involved in achieving this state and the role of Christian Communication in national development. Traditionally, for many centuries, Korea was a feudal kingdom, known as the ‘Hermit Kingdom’. How then,

Soon Nim Lee

2009-01-01

173

Animal Care and Biosafety The present SOP has been adapted from McGill Crisis Management and Communication Plan 1  

E-print Network

Animal Care and Biosafety Committee The present SOP has been adapted from McGill Crisis Management and Communication Plan 1 BUACBC-SOP-6: SPECIFIC RESPONSE PLAN FOR ANIMAL USE Crisis Management (SRPA) must always be available in spaces where animals are used. An emergency is defined as any

174

Relative Effects of Visualized and Verbal Presentation Methods in Communicating Environmental Information among Stakeholders: Okavango Delta, Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the relative effectiveness of 2 public instructional communication methods in improving selected predictors of knowledge-sharing behaviors among communities in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. A total of 120 subjects took part in a quasiexperimental study, with 2 experimental treatments: (a) visualized PowerPoint…

Thakadu, Olekae T.; Irani, Tracy; Telg, Ricky

2011-01-01

175

Chronic Modes of Action for Ecotoxicity: Integrated Testing Strategies for the 21st Century, presentation  

EPA Science Inventory

This initiative, though focusing perhaps on individual assays at the beginning, recognizes the need for a tiered strategy for ecotoxicity tests that better integrates new techniques (models, in vitro methods, new technologies) to improve ecotoxicity testing as a whole. The reali...

176

Communication Strategies in the Practice of Lawyering. Proceedings of the 1983 Summer Conference on Communication Strategies in the Practice of Lawyering (Oracle, AZ, June 24-27, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawn from a conference intended as a step toward reuniting the disciplines of behavioral sciences and law, the items in this compilation were prepared by practitioners and educators in the areas of law, communication, social psychology, and sociology. The items are arranged in five sections according to these topics: interviewing and counseling,…

Matlon, Ronald J., Ed.; Crawford, Richard J., Ed.

177

The Home-to-School Notebook: An Effective Communication Strategy for Students with Severe Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores use of a "home-to-school communication journal" to provide effective home-school communication and collaboration for students with severe disabilities. It considers barriers related to communication notebooks, recommended functions of the home-to-school notebook, contents, teacher and parent notebook implementation,…

Hall, Tracey E.; Wolfe, Pamela S.; Bollig, Amanda A.

2003-01-01

178

Communication Skills for Department Chairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication strategies needed for the specific responsibilities of college and university department heads are presented. Each chapter first describes communication strategies useful in handling an administrative task, and then uses real-life case studies to demonstrate their applications in typical situations. Readers are guided through a…

Higgerson, Mary Lou

179

Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communication in its many forms is a critical component for an effective Space Grant Program. Good communication is needed within individual Space Grant College/Consortia, for example between consortium affiliates and the consortium program office. Effective communication between the several programs, NASA Headquarters, and NASA field centers also is required. Further, communication among the above program elements, industry, local and state government, and the public also are necessary for meeting program objectives.

Stouffer, Donald D.

1990-01-01

180

Present status and strategy of reel-to-reel TFA-MOD process for coated conductors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the research and development of a reel-to-reel TFA-MOD (Metal Organic Deposition using Trifluoro-acetates) process, a present status is reviewed and its future strategy is addressed. As a base of the study, the 90 m long tape with uniform I c distribution of the 300 A/cm-width level was obtained on the CeO 2 buffered IBAD-Gd 2Zr 2O 7/Hastelloy C276 substrate. The tape has the 56 m region with the end-to-end I c value of 250 A, which corresponds to maximum product of I c × L of 14,000 Am. Based on the results, several directions on R&D have been studied such as “higher I c”, “higher I c- B”, “higher production rate both in coating/calcinations and crystallization steps” and lower cost buffer/substrate”. Then, an extremely high I c value of 735 A/cm-width was achieved in a short tape by the compositional control (e.g. Ba-deficient), in the starting solutions. On the efforts for achieving higher I c- B properties, high I c values of 115 and 35 A/cm-width under the magnetic fields of 1 and 3 T were obtained by the RE mixture of Y and Gd in REBCO, addition of Zr and a growth rate control process. On the other hand, the production rate for the coating/calcinations process was improved by development of new starting solutions, which uses F-free Y salt instead of TFA salt of Y. The high J c value of 1.9 MA/cm 2 was confirmed using the precursor films fabricated at a high traveling rate of 10 m/h. Concerning a higher rate in the crystallization step, the multi-turning system with a vertical gas flow system was developed. The validity of the concept was confirmed using 2-turn parts of the furnace. The high I c value of 250 A/cm-width was realized in the 5 m tape crystallized with a traveling rate of 3 m/h, which is equivalent to 15 m/h for usage of entire area of the furnace of 10-turns. Furthermore, in order to achieve the lower cost, the architecture of the coated conductor with a low cost buffer/substrate system has been developed. An IBAD buffered substrate using IBAD-MgO layer (CeO 2/LMO/IBAD-MgO/Hastelloy C276) was developed and a high production rate of 24 m/h was realized for IBAD-MgO layer using a small ion gun system with the area of 6 × 22 cm 2. The grain texturing of the substrate was reached the ? ? value of 4° in the CeO 2 layer. This substrate was applied to the above mentioned multi-turning crystallization furnace for TFA-MOD process. Then, a 5 m long tape with 260 A/cm-width (@77 K. s.f.) was achieved. According to the TFA-MOD process in the above achievements, the prospects of each issue for the future stage were independently confirmed. Consequently, R&D combining the above-mentioned achievements for longer tapes are expected in the next stage.

Izumi, T.; Yoshizumi, M.; Miura, M.; Nakaoka, K.; Ichikawa, Y.; Sutoh, Y.; Miyata, S.; Fukushima, H.; Yamada, Y.; Shiohara, Y.

2009-10-01

181

Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, prepared by a distributive education (DE) class at Delaware State College, was designed for use by DE teacher-coordinators who teach communication skills. Included are lessons, activities, and resource materials relating to the following communication skills: functional speaking, written communication, telephone etiquette, customer…

Grandfield, Raymond J., Ed.

182

Report of the International Conference on Risk Communication Strategies for BSL-4 laboratories, Tokyo, October 3-5, 2007.  

PubMed

Working with highly pathogenic agents such as Ebola or Marburg virus in the context of infection control or biodefense research requires high-biocontainment laboratories of the Biosafety Level 4 (BSL-4) to protect researchers and laboratory staff from infection and to prevent the unintentional release of harmful agents. The public perception of research on highly pathogenic agents and the operation of high-containment facilities is often ambivalent: while the output of the biomedical research is highly valued, the existence of a BSL-4 lab is often viewed with concern. Biomedical research perspectives and public perceptions often differ and can lead to tensions that could have negative effects on research, society, and politics. Therefore, risk communication plays a crucial role in siting, building, and operating a high-containment facility. The Japanese government invited risk communication experts and scientists from Canada, the U.S., Europe, and Australia to discuss their risk communication strategies for BSL-4 labs. This article describes the international perspective on risk communication and gives recommendations for successful strategies. PMID:19635008

Dickmann, Petra; Keith, Kelly; Comer, Chris; Abraham, Gordon; Gopal, Robin; Marui, Eiji

2009-06-01

183

Public pharmacovigilance communication: a process calling for evidence-based, objective-driven strategies.  

PubMed

As a contribution to the debate on how best to communicate information on the effective and safe use of medicines to patients, healthcare professionals and the general public, this article proposes to distinguish between communication and transparency purposes, and to test a strategic health communication approach. Any organization aiming to improve medicines use could adapt this approach to its remits and legal obligations. The approach includes agreeing measurable communication objectives through shared problem ownership of all concerned parties, evidence-based design and a cyclic process for planning, implementation and evaluation of communication as a public health intervention. The evidence base, which supplements risk assessment for product- and situation-specific communication on safety concerns, would be derived from research into drug utilization, medical decision making and risk perception, as well as from the participation of patients and healthcare professionals. It is crucial to address the practical questions and concerns of medicine users and to find out why unfavourable patterns of medicine use persist, in order to develop behaviour change models for overcoming these obstacles. For this purpose, appropriate models for facilitating the participation of medicine users in the risk management process will need to be explored. Such two-way communication would inform risk assessment as well as the analysis of risk minimization options, allow for agreement upon communication objectives and enable understandable, attractive communication materials to be designed. The communication programme should use mixed media and repetition of messages for long-term success. This would require cooperation within healthcare and medical information systems. An evaluation of the effectiveness of the communication should support the sustainability of the programme and provide lessons for the future. Given its mission, the pharmacovigilance community has the standing and duty to expand its scale of action and take the initiative in advancing risk management through a scientific approach to improving public communication for the safety of patients. PMID:21077698

Bahri, Priya

2010-12-01

184

Campus Computing Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten case studies that describe the planning process and strategies employed by colleges who use computing and communication systems are presented, based on a 1981-1982 study conducted by EDUCOM. An introduction by John W. McCredie summarizes several current and future effects of the rapid spread and integration of computing and communication

McCredie, John W., Ed.

185

Are we there yet? A qualitative study of ACTFL's 3 Ps in content and instructional strategies used to develop intercultural communicative competence in the foreign language classroom.  

E-print Network

in educational institutions that provide teacher education were interviewed to determine to what degree their courses prepare teachers to cover the 3 Ps: cultural material selection, teaching strategies, and assessment of intercultural communicative competence. K...

Marrs, Diana

2014-05-31

186

"Are You with Me?" A Metadiscursive Analysis of Interactive Strategies in College Students' Course Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years increasing research attention has been devoted to the definition and development of presentation skills. As an interactive oral discourse type, the presentation is characterised by specific speech acts, of which cooperative acts have proved to be of a highly developmental nature (Sazdovska, 2009). The aim of the present paper is to…

Agnes, Magnuczne Godo

2012-01-01

187

The past, present, and future of DARPA's investment strategy in smart materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1 4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article presents the authors' vision of what is next

S. G. Wax; G. M. Fischer; R. R. Sands

2003-01-01

188

Information\\/communication and dispatching strategies for networks with mobile servers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dispatch problem for a network with a general number of nonstationary service units is discussed. The possibility of dispatching a service unit to a call for service while the unit is in motion depends on the quality of the information\\/communication system available. Three information\\/communication systems are investigated: two extreme cases in which only stationary units can be dispatched from

O. Berman; M. R. Rahnama

1990-01-01

189

"I'll Repeat Myself, "Again?!"" Empowering Students through Assertive Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One goal parents and educators should have is to help children become assertive and emotionally intelligent individuals. In furthering this goal, it helps to have an understanding of the three basic communication styles: (1) passive; (2) aggressive; and (3) assertive. Because communication is most effective when a message is delivered assertively,…

Kolb, Sharon M.; Griffith, Amy C. Stevens

2009-01-01

190

Staying on Message: How the Right Tools Can Make or Break Your College's Communications Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the market for online communications evolves, it's hard to blame college administrators for feeling a bit deluged. Gone are the days of traditional media, where communications professionals relied on newspapers and print and radio advertising to recruit students and tell their stories. With more students embracing technology today--particularly…

Gross, Michael

2010-01-01

191

Designing Effective Persuasive Systems Utilizing the Power of Entanglement: Communication Channel, Strategy & Affect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With rapid advancements in information and communication technologies, computer-mediated communication channels such as email, web, mobile smart-phones with SMS, social networking websites (Facebook), multimedia websites, and OEM devices provide users with multiple technology choices to seek information. However, no study has compared the…

Li, Haiqing

2010-01-01

192

The past, present, and future of DARPA’s investment strategy in smart materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed\\u000a in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1–4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article\\u000a presents the authors’ vision of what is next in

S. G. Wax; G. M. Fischer; R. R. Sands

2003-01-01

193

Sense of Place and the National Parks, Strategies for Communicating the Interconnected Nature of Earth Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using sense of place can help scientists improve their communication of complex concepts related to the connectivity of the environment, geological processes, and human societies. National parks afford excellent examples of places that contain intellectual and emotional stimuli for diverse individuals - in other words, they foster a sense of place. Parks contain spectacular examples of how the processes that shape the earth influence ecosystem and societal development. Parks can therefore be used as outdoor classrooms to engage people in place-based Earth Science education. Incorporating place-based teaching methods can promote learning about Earth’s processes that ensures that a wider audience can be reached than by traditional instructional methods. Specific examples of using national parks on the Colorado Plateau, in the Rocky Mountains and the Keweenaw Peninsula for K-12 teacher training have resulted in a deepening of Earth Science content-area knowledge. The National Parks “Views of the National Park (Views)” multimedia education program can subsequently be used to promote engagement of students in the teachers’ classrooms. Teachers who wish to continue their education as interns in the parks are served by programs such as Geoscientists-in-the-Parks, Volunteers-in-Parks, and Teacher-Ranger-Teacher programs. The Michigan Teaching Excellence Program (MiTEP), multi-year teacher leadership and professional development program is working with middle-grade science teachers from selected urban districts and using the parks of the Midwest as natural classrooms. MiTEP has partnered with the NPS to develop internship opportunities for teachers in the parks. These internships will result in educational materials that can be hosted by “Views”. The goal of the internships are to improve teachers’ understanding of the natural environment and the processes that it reflects, and to assist park personnel in producing materials that are standards-based, age-appropriate, and of interest to diverse urban students and families. Both teachers and parks are enthusiastic about working together and we anticipate that MiTEP’s strategy may be a model for others who wish to provide life-long learning opportunities to teachers and outreach opportunities to parks.

Vye, E. C.; Rose, W. I.; Huntoon, J. E.; Nash, B. L.

2010-12-01

194

Multilevel Information Presentation Strategy and Customer Reaction: An Empirical Investigation in an Online Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the use of polyinstantiated information in management of customer relationships. Polyinstantiation can be used to present different information to different customers who are segmented according to some criterion, such as prior purchase behavior. An empirical study shows that presentation of multilevel benefits information affects customer satisfaction with the offer and information quality which, in turn, affect the

Boris Jukic; David A. Kravitz; Nenad Jukic; Amanuel Tekleab; Laurie Meamber; Anthony Dashnaw

2009-01-01

195

The Influence of Learner Strategies on Oral Presentations: A Comparison between Group and Individual Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning has frequently been used in language classrooms, from in-class task-based group work to group presentations. Research suggests that cooperative learning provides mutual support, as well as successful and effective learning outcomes of tasks. The present research addressed a number of problems discovered in group oral…

Chou, Mu-hsuan

2011-01-01

196

The past, present, and future of DARPA's investment strategy in smart materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1 4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article presents the authors’ vision of what is next in the smart materials arena, for it is their belief that the journey to truly smart materials and structures has really just begun.

Wax, S. G.; Fischer, G. M.; Sands, R. R.

2003-12-01

197

Delay-sensitive Communications Code-Rates, Strategies, and Distributed Control  

E-print Network

of setting up a network suitable for network coding in multicast. In particular, we quantify the gains of network coding over classic routing for service provisioned multicast communication over butterfly networks. In the wireless setting, we study the trade...

Parag, Parimal

2012-02-14

198

Computer-generated graphical presentations: use of multimedia to enhance communication.  

PubMed

Personal computers may be used to create, store, and deliver graphical presentations. With computer-generated combinations of the five media (text, images, sound, video, and animation)--that is, multimedia presentations--the effectiveness of message delivery can be greatly increased. The basic tools are (1) a personal computer; (2) presentation software; and (3) a projector to enlarge the monitor images for audience viewing. Use of this new method has grown rapidly in the business-conference world, but has yet to gain widespread acceptance at medical meetings. We review herein the rationale for multimedia presentations in medicine (vis-à-vis traditional slide shows) as an improved means for increasing audience attention, comprehension, and retention. The evolution of multimedia is traced from earliest times to the present. The steps involved in making a multimedia presentation are summarized, emphasizing advances in technology that bring the new method within practical reach of busy physicians. Specific attention is given to software, digital image processing, storage devices, and delivery methods. Our development of a urology multimedia presentation--delivered May 4, 1996, before the Society for Urology and Engineering and now Internet-accessible at http://www.usrf.org--was the impetus for this work. PMID:9000177

Marks, L S; Penson, D F; Maller, J J; Nielsen, R T; deKernion, J B

1997-01-01

199

Designing Effective Persuasive Systems Utilizing the Power of Entanglement: Communication Channel, Strategy and Affect  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a With rapid advances in information and communication technology, computer-mediated communication (CMC) technologies are utilizing\\u000a multiple IT platforms such as email, websites, cell-phones\\/PDAs, social networking sites, and gaming environments. However,\\u000a no studies have compared the effectiveness of a persuasive system using such alternative channels and various persuasive techniques.\\u000a Moreover, how affective computing impacts the effectiveness of persuasive systems is not clear.

Haiqing Li; Samir Chatterjee

2010-01-01

200

Analysis of Grouping Strategy for Presentation Exercise in Computer Literacy Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presentation exercise using computer was introduced in the computer literacy course for freshmen. The course con- sisted of three classes, and the average skill level of the classes had been evenly balanced based on the midterm ex- amination scores before the exercise began. In the classes, the participants were divided into groups of three students. For this, we imposed different

Masahide Nakamura; Michio Nakanishi; Akira Harada

201

A Comparative Study of Online News Retrieval and Presentation Strategies Steven Morrison, Joemon Jose  

E-print Network

, but is unable to record the facts presented at the same pace as they are being streamed. TV based news offers are also discussed in this paper. 1. Introduction With the rapid growth of technology, both in power contributed to information overload [8]. The advent of 24 hour TV news channels has dramatically increased

Jose, Joemon M.

202

Reducing the Density of Text Presentations Using Alternative Control Strategies and Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical process in developing lessons for computer-based instruction (CBI) is to determine the manner in which information will be displayed on the screen, taking care not to ignore the computer's special display capabilities. The underlying assumption of this study was that reducing the density of text presentation would be effective for…

Ross, Steven M.; Morrison, Gary R.

203

What Makes Racial Diversity Work in Higher Education: Academic Leaders Present Successful Policies and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection establish the case for racial diversity , outline the challenges diversity offers the academic community, presents examples of how some institutions have developed successful models of diversity, and discusses how the history of racial diversity has influenced aspects of diversity today. Following a foreword,…

Hale, Frank W., Jr., Ed.

204

Flirtation Rejection Strategies: Toward an Understanding of Communicative Disinterest in Flirting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single adults often seek successful flirtatious encounters; yet these encounters can sometimes be considered failures. However, little research has identified flirtation rejection strategies enacted by those not interested in reciprocal flirting. The purpose of this study was to examine behavioral and verbal flirtation rejection strategies among…

Goodboy, Alan K.; Brann, Maria

2010-01-01

205

IEEE Communications Magazine March 2001172 Effects on TCP of Routing Strategies in  

E-print Network

decreases free space loss and propagation delay, but means that the service each satellite can offer intersatellite links are capable of using multiple paths between satellites simultaneously as a strategy to spread network load. This allows more general routing strategies than shortest- path routing, but we show

Wood, Lloyd

206

The development of persuasive communication strategies in kindergarteners through twelfth?graders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has documented age?related developments in the differentiation and abstractness of the system of interpersonal constructs employed in perceiving persons and the relationship of such developments to qualitative changes in persuasive strategies. This study extended the analysis of the interrelations among these developments within a broad age range. In addition to other findings, the quality of persuasive strategies was

Jesse G. Delia; Susan L. Kline; Brant R. Burleson

1979-01-01

207

Curriculum change and strategies, past and present: why is it taking so long?  

PubMed

For the last 30 years or more the old war songs of medical education (community orientation, active learning, etc.) have been repeatedly ventilated in meeting after meeting, article after article. But of the present 1642 medical schools on the planet, only about 100 members of The Network and a few other have put these principles into practice, more or less. Obstacles and constraints are known. Is it the system, or the leadership, or the university culture, or the accreditation rules, or all of the above that are responsible for this lack of progress? Still, some overcame the obstacles, some removed the constraints. It would be useful to be better informed about HOW it was done. I suggest that Education for Health: Change in Learning & Practice (EfH) should present more articles explaining HOW successful schools managed to DO IT or WHY they were NOT able to DO IT. PMID:14742000

Guilbert, J J

2001-01-01

208

Using Daily Student Presentations to Address Attitudes and Communication Skills in CS1  

E-print Network

, daily student presentations. Not only can this help recruitment and retention, but it helps to develop of student relevant breadth in the introductory course, a lack of active engagement during and retention for the computer science major by allowing students to discover how computer science relates

Urness, Tim

209

The Effects of Heckling and Media of Presentation on the Impact of a Persuasive Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distraction has been suggested as a mechanism which will facilitate attitude change. Heckling is a standard procedure used by members of society to distract from the content of a speech. The current study presented a persuasive message to six groups of students. Three of these groups received the message straight, while the other three groups received the message with heckling.

Colin P. Silverthorne; Lee Mazmanian

1975-01-01

210

Telemonitoring with respect to Mood Disorders and Information and Communication Technologies: Overview and Presentation of the PSYCHE Project  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews what we know about prediction in relation to mood disorders from the perspective of clinical, biological, and physiological markers. It then also presents how information and communication technologies have developed in the field of mood disorders, from the first steps, for example, the transition from paper and pencil to more sophisticated methods, to the development of ecological momentary assessment methods and, more recently, wearable systems. These recent developments have paved the way for the use of integrative approaches capable of assessing multiple variables. The PSYCHE project stands for Personalised monitoring SYstems for Care in mental HEalth. PMID:25050321

Javelot, Herve; Spadazzi, Anne; Weiner, Luisa; Garcia, Sonia; Gentili, Claudio; Kosel, Markus; Bertschy, Gilles

2014-01-01

211

Presenting SAPUSS: solving aerosol problem by using synergistic strategies at Barcelona, Spain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the summary of the key objectives, instrumentation and logistic details, goals, and initial scientific findings of the Marie Curie Action FP7-EU SAPUSS project carried out in the Western Mediterranean Basin (WMB) from 20 September-20 October 2010. The experiment involved concurrent measurements of aerosols with multiple techniques occurring simultaneously. The key objective is to deduce point aerosol source characteristics and to understand the atmospheric processes responsible for their generations and transformations. The unique approach is the large variety of instrumentation deployed simultaneously in six monitoring sites in Barcelona (NE Spain) and around the city, including: a main road traffic site, two urban background sites, a regional background site and two tower sites (150 m and 545 m a.s.l., 150 m and 80 m above ground, respectively). The SAPUSS experiment allows us to interpret the variability of aerosols levels and composition in an Urban Mediterranean, an environment not well characterized so far. During SAPUSS different air mass scenarios were encountered, including warm Saharan, cold Atlantic, wet European and stagnant Regional ones and presenting different local meteorology and boundary layer conditions. Analysis of part of the data collected allows us to compare the monitoring sites as well as to draw scientific conclusions about relevant air quality parameters. High levels of traffic-related gaseous pollutants were measured at the urban ground level monitoring sites, whereas layers of tropospheric ozone were recorded at tower levels. Particularly, tower level night time average ozone concentrations (80 ± 25 ?g m-3) were up to double than ground level ones. Particle number concentrations (N>5: 9980 ± 6500 cm-1, average of all measurements) were generally traffic dependent, although a contribution from two different types of nucleation events was also found. Analysis of the particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations shows an enhancement of coarse particles (PM2.5-10) at the urban ground level (+64%, average 11.7 ?g m-3) but of fine ones (PM1) at urban tower level (+28%, average 14.4 ?g m-3). Preliminary modeling findings reveal an underestimation of the fine accumulation aerosols. In summary, this paper lays the foundation of SAPUSS, an integrated study of relevance to many other similar urban Mediterranean coastal environment sites.

Dall'Osto, M.; Querol, X.; Alastuey, A.; Minguillon, M. C.; Alier, M.; Amato, F.; Brines, M.; Cusak, M.; Grimalt, J. O.; Karanasiou, A.; Moreno, T.; Pandolfi, M.; Pey, J.; Reche, C.; Ripoll, A.; Tauler, R.; Van Drooge, B. L.; Viana, M.; Harrison, R. M.; Gietl, J.; Beddows, D.; Bloss, W.; O'Dowd, C.; Ceburnis, D.; Martucci, G.; Ng, S.; Worsnop, D.; Wenger, J.; Mc Gillcuddy, E.; Sudou, J.; Healy, R.; Lucarelli, F.; Nava, S.; Jimenez, J. L.; Gomez Moreno, F.; Artinano, B.; Prevot, A. S. H.; Pfaffenberger, L.; Frey, S.; Wilsenack, F.; Casabona, D.; Jiménez-Guerrero, P.; Gross, D.; Cotz, N.

2012-07-01

212

A simple packet retransmission strategy for throughput and delay enhancement on power line communication channels  

SciTech Connect

A new, simple, and effective communication protocol is developed and evaluated for use on power line distribution networks. The protocol involves retransmission of unacknowledged packets, which are sent in either single or multiple (N) copies in accordance with estimates of communication link quality. Multiple packet copies can be code combined at the receiver, using majority voting on each bit position, to reduce packet error rates. Adaptive link quality estimates are based on the receipt or absence of positive acknowledgements. Information throughput efficiency is calculated and N optimized in terms of system variables. Performance benefits of code combining are clearly demonstrated. The algorithm was implemented and tested using a five-station intrabuilding power line communications network operating at 1.2, 2.4, 4.8 and 9.6 kbit/s data rate. Substantial throughput and delay improvement occurred on poor quality links, without degrading performance on good links.

Onunga, J.O. (Kenya Posts and Telecommunications Corp., Nairobi (Kenya)); Donaldson, R.W. (Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1993-07-01

213

Windowed multimedia report communication: a platform-independent means for specifying the presentation of procedure products in PACS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Improved presentation of the results of Diagnostic Medical Procedures must improve the communication of relevant information to the requesting clinician and so should improve the quality of healthcare. Facilities are now available to enable the preparation of Multimedia Medical Reports. Conventional reports are frequently accompanied by relevant Procedure Products, such as images and curves. Benefit should be obtained if audible and visible annotation is included. Project Team 34 of CEN/TC251 Draft First Working Document provides an overview of the use of Health Care Multimedia Reports. The aim of this paper is to summarize the needs for the creation, modification and presentation of Multimedia Reports, to describe a specific generic data structure for Procedure Product data, to describe one possible model for the Multimedia Report record and to discus the requirements for Multimedia Report authoring tools and presentation systems.

Brown, Nicholas J.; Arvanitis, Theodoros N.; Plummer, David L.; Britton, Keith E.

1999-07-01

214

The Iranian Health Insurance System; Past Experiences, Present Challenges And Future Strategies  

PubMed Central

Background: The Iranian healthcare system is primarily an insurance based system. This structure has an important influence on the efficiency and equity of the provision of healthcare in Iran. This paper reviews the history of the Iranian healthcare system and the impact of the Iranian health insurance system on healthcare performance based on the results of interviews with key opinion leaders and empirical evidence. Methods: This review uses mixed methods: a systematic literature review of electronic databases supplemented by hand searching of books and journals including Government publications and other grey literature. The issues identified were explored through a series of semi-structured interviews with key informants from within the Iranian healthcare system. The interviews were recorded transcribed, coded, classified, and analysed thematically. Empirical evidence was also sought to support or contradict the views expressed in the interviews. Results: Sixteen interviews with key informants were conducted and presented anonymously. The interviewees raised many issues which were summarised into five main issues: increasing health expenditures, lack of systematic health technology assessment, very limited financial resources, challenging management and regulation, and uncovered population. Conclusion: A wide range of issues have affected the efficiency, quality and equity of the services provided by the Iranian healthcare system. The initial and most important step toward improving the efficiency, equity and quality of the health insurance system is to focus on evidence-based policy making to generate feasible, reasonable and comprehensive reforms. PMID:23193499

Davari, M; Haycox, A; Walley, T

2012-01-01

215

Linking Contextual Factors with Rhetorical Pattern Shift: Direct and Indirect Strategies Recommended in English Business Communication Textbooks in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars have consistently claimed that rhetorical patterns are culturally bound, and indirectness is a defining characteristic of Chinese writing. Through examining how the rhetorical mechanism of directness and indirectness is presented in 29 English business communication textbooks published in China, we explore how English business…

Wang, Junhua; Zhu, Pinfan

2011-01-01

216

Presenting SAPUSS: Solving Aerosol Problem by Using Synergistic Strategies in Barcelona, Spain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the summary of the key objectives, instrumentation and logistic details, goals, and initial scientific findings of the European Marie Curie Action SAPUSS project carried out in the western Mediterranean Basin (WMB) during September-October in autumn 2010. The key SAPUSS objective is to deduce aerosol source characteristics and to understand the atmospheric processes responsible for their generations and transformations - both horizontally and vertically in the Mediterranean urban environment. In order to achieve so, the unique approach of SAPUSS is the concurrent measurements of aerosols with multiple techniques occurring simultaneously in six monitoring sites around the city of Barcelona (NE Spain): a main road traffic site, two urban background sites, a regional background site and two urban tower sites (150 m and 545 m above sea level, 150 m and 80 m above ground, respectively). SAPUSS allows us to advance our knowledge sensibly of the atmospheric chemistry and physics of the urban Mediterranean environment. This is well achieved only because of both the three dimensional spatial scale and the high sampling time resolution used. During SAPUSS different meteorological regimes were encountered, including warm Saharan, cold Atlantic, wet European and stagnant regional ones. The different meteorology of such regimes is herein described. Additionally, we report the trends of the parameters regulated by air quality purposes (both gaseous and aerosol mass concentrations); and we also compare the six monitoring sites. High levels of traffic-related gaseous pollutants were measured at the urban ground level monitoring sites, whereas layers of tropospheric ozone were recorded at tower levels. Particularly, tower level night-time average ozone concentrations (80 ± 25 ?g m-3) were up to double compared to ground level ones. The examination of the vertical profiles clearly shows the predominant influence of NOx on ozone concentrations, and a source of ozone aloft. Analysis of the particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations shows an enhancement of coarse particles (PM2.5-10) at the urban ground level (+64%, average 11.7 ?g m-3) but of fine ones (PM1) at urban tower level (+28%, average 14.4 ?g m-3). These results show complex dynamics of the size-resolved PM mass at both horizontal and vertical levels of the study area. Preliminary modelling findings reveal an underestimation of the fine accumulation aerosols. In summary, this paper lays the foundation of SAPUSS, an integrated study of relevance to many other similar urban Mediterranean coastal environment sites.

Dall'Osto, M.; Querol, X.; Alastuey, A.; Minguillon, M. C.; Alier, M.; Amato, F.; Brines, M.; Cusack, M.; Grimalt, J. O.; Karanasiou, A.; Moreno, T.; Pandolfi, M.; Pey, J.; Reche, C.; Ripoll, A.; Tauler, R.; Van Drooge, B. L.; Viana, M.; Harrison, R. M.; Gietl, J.; Beddows, D.; Bloss, W.; O'Dowd, C.; Ceburnis, D.; Martucci, G.; Ng, N. L.; Worsnop, D.; Wenger, J.; Mc Gillicuddy, E.; Sodeau, J.; Healy, R.; Lucarelli, F.; Nava, S.; Jimenez, J. L.; Gomez Moreno, F.; Artinano, B.; Prévôt, A. S. H.; Pfaffenberger, L.; Frey, S.; Wilsenack, F.; Casabona, D.; Jiménez-Guerrero, P.; Gross, D.; Cots, N.

2013-09-01

217

Perceptions of Conflict Strategies and Communication Competence in Task-Oriented Dyads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals in temporary task-oriented dyads or groups must manage conflict competently if they hope to be successful in reaching their goals. Thus far, however, research on the associations between conflict styles and communication competence has focused on acquainted dyads, such as relational partners and coworkers, rather than unacquainted…

Gross, Michael A.; Guerrero, Laura K.; Alberts, Jess K.

2004-01-01

218

AN ANALYSIS OF CORPORATE E?MAIL COMMUNICATION AS PART OF AIRLINES' SERVICE RECOVERY STRATEGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the increased use of the Internet in the travel industry, companies should be eager to provide reliable and high quality service when communicating online. This study focused on e?mail response behavior of airlines with special attention to service recovery. A mystery approach was applied to empirically test the responsiveness and quality of replies to inquiries and complaints. Results show

Astrid Dickinger; Ulrike Bauernfeind

2009-01-01

219

A Discourse Exploration on a Vice Chancellor's Annual Speech: Its Communication Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to Adair (2002), an effective strategic leader is one who is able to come up with the best ideas that are in keeping with the hope of the organization and in following changes brought by time. One of the aspects that can be the yardstick of a leader's ability to achieve such aims is via effective communication and interaction

Zarina Othman; Jamaluddin Aziz; Fuzirah Hashim

2009-01-01

220

between electronic and face-to-face communication and its implication for alternative workplace strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author David P. Young is based at Chesterton Facilities and Property Management in the City of London and has recently graduated with a Masters Degree from the Facility Planning and Management Programme at Cornell Univer- sity. Abstract Many individuals who have no or limited experience of using electronic communication technologies (ECTs), e.g. telephone, fax, voice, and e-mail are concerned

David P. Young

221

The Emergence of Marketing and Communications Strategy in South African Further Education and Training Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South African further education and training (FET) colleges have been enjoined to become more responsive to their external environment, in keeping with international trends in public vocational education and training (VET) reform. One mechanism for achieving this goal is to market colleges and communicate more effectively to future students,…

McGrath, Simon; Akoojee, Salim

2007-01-01

222

Collective Behavior and the Risky Shift: A Theory of Communication Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this essay was to propose a new explanation of collective behavior and to hypothesize the role of communication in this process. Unlike previous theories, which rely on a group effect, this explanation is based on the behavior of individual members of the collectivity. Using the experimental finding of the "risky shift," or the…

Courtright, John A.

223

Conformance testing strategies for DICOM protocols in a heterogenous communications system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of the DICOM standard is to define a standard network interface and data model for imaging devices from various vendors. It shall facilitate the development and integration of information systems and picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) in a networked environment. Current activities in Oldenburg, Germany include projects to establish cooperative work applications for radiological purposes, comprising (joined) text, data, signal and image communications, based on narrowband ISDN and ATM communication for regional and Pan European applications. In such a growing and constantly changing environment it is vital to have a solid and implementable plan to bring standards in operation. A communication standard alone cannot ensure interoperability between different vendor implementations. Even DICOM does not specify implementation-specific requirements nor does it specify a testing procedure to assess an implementation's conformance to the standard. The conformance statements defined in the DICOM standard only allow a user to determine which optional components are supported by the implementation. The goal of our work is to build a conformance test suite for DICOM. Conformance testing can aid to simplify and solve problems with multivendor systems. It will check a vendor's implementation against the DICOM standard and state the found subset of functionality. The test suite will be built in respect to the ISO 9646 Standard (OSI-Conformance Testing Methodology and Framework) which is a standard devoted to the subject of conformance testing implementations of Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) standards. For our heterogeneous communication environments we must also consider ISO 9000 - 9004 (quality management and quality assurance) to give the users the confidence in evolving applications.

Meyer, Ralph; Hewett, Andrew J.; Cordonnier, Emmanuel; Piqueras, Joachim; Jensch, Peter F.

1995-05-01

224

Method and apparatus for routing data in an inter-nodal communications lattice of a massively parallel computer system by dynamically adjusting local routing strategies  

DOEpatents

A massively parallel computer system contains an inter-nodal communications network of node-to-node links. Each node implements a respective routing strategy for routing data through the network, the routing strategies not necessarily being the same in every node. The routing strategies implemented in the nodes are dynamically adjusted during application execution to shift network workload as required. Preferably, adjustment of routing policies in selective nodes is performed at synchronization points. The network may be dynamically monitored, and routing strategies adjusted according to detected network conditions.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Musselman, Roy Glenn (Rochester, MN); Peters, Amanda (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Swartz, Brent Allen (Chippewa Falls, WI); Wallenfelt, Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN)

2010-03-16

225

Detection Strategies and Intercept Metrics for Intra-Pulse Radar-Embedded Communications  

E-print Network

. Radar interference offers an attractive environment within which to embed LPI com- munications. The pulsed, constant waveform structure may be exploited by embedding communication symbols into radar backscatter. To maximize detection, it is common... channel between the tag and radar may be approximated as being stationary and reciprocal. Therefore, it is possible to incorporate environmental knowledge into the design of the com- munication symbols. If the radar waveform is known a priori to the tag...

Metcalf, Justin

2011-12-31

226

Cooperative Strategy Training and Oral Interaction: Enhancing Small Group Communication in the Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the effect of a cooperative strategy training program on the patterns of interaction that arose as small groups of students participated in an oral discussion task. The underlying assumption was that students could be taught to engage with each other and with the task in a way that would foster the creation and exploitation…

Naughton, Diane

2006-01-01

227

New Information and Communication Technologies in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Strategies and Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will primarily allow a definition of the strategic development of ICT in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to be put forward. For the most part it involves the precision of many types of measures and strategies (such as institutional, regulatory, infrastructural measures), human resources, the development of content and partnerships,…

Banza, Nsomwe-a- Nfunkwa

2006-01-01

228

How global companies communicate in host country: a glocalization strategy in web space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate web sites have significant roles in building a positive image with stakeholders, particularly in a host market environment with different cultural backgrounds and values. A content analysis was conducted to study the glocalization strategies of corporate web sites and depiction of cultural values of 47 international brands which were identified as having Indonesian web sites. The four types of

Bayu Sutikno; Julian Ming-Sung Cheng

2012-01-01

229

How global companies communicate in host country: a glocalization strategy in web space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate web sites have significant roles in building a positive image with stakeholders, particularly in a host market environment with different cultural backgrounds and values. A content analysis was conducted to study the glocalization strategies of corporate web sites and depiction of cultural values of 47 international brands which were identified as having Indonesian web sites. The four types of

Bayu Sutikno; Julian Ming-Sung Cheng

2011-01-01

230

Strategies for Multicultural Management: Communication and a Common Set of Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 30 years, there has been a shift towards using multicultural strategies. The constant shifts taking place in multi-ethnic, multicultural, and multinational workforces indicate that both administrators of these organizations and higher education practices must evolve to adapt to needs for changing skill sets. In the future,…

Castaneda, Mario E.; Bateh, Justin

2013-01-01

231

Communicating about the risks and benefits of genetically modified foods. Effects of different information strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reported here aimed to investigate the effects of different types of information about genetically modified foods on both consumer attitudes towards genetic modification and their tendency to choose genetically modified products (compared to more traditionally manufactured alternatives). The impact of information strategy (balanced, or product specific), attributed information source (The “European Association of Consumers”, the “European Association of

Lynn Frewer; Joachim Scholderer; Clive Downs; Lone Bredahl

2000-01-01

232

Methods on Communication in Risk Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes effective communication strategies for administrators. The three steps are to know your audience, understand the type of information you are presenting, and make appropriate use of different modes of communication. Tips are offered for oral, written, and nonverbal communication. (LMI)

Guilfoile, Ronald J.

1995-01-01

233

Strategis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Strategis is a web site developed by Industry Canada to provide business information resources to Canadian businesses. Resources available include a searchable database of Canadian companies, business information for each sector, a list of business support services, and a guide to business laws and regulation. The International Business Information Network offers information about business opportunities abroad; Trade Data Online provides Canadian and US trade data. A collection of research publications by Industry Canada and monthly economic indicators on the economy are additional economic resources found at this site. Users can view this site in French or English.

1998-01-01

234

Communication Communication  

E-print Network

Communication Seminar Stanford University April 16, 2001 1 #12; Wireless Communication Theory . Wireless communication theory is having a renaissance in the past decade. . Much of it is centered around how to communicate e#ectively over fading channels. . A modern view of communication over fading channels is emerging

Tse, David

235

Evidence-based Science Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation will describe a concrete strategy for bridging the gap between the *science* of science communication and the practice of it. In recent years, social scientists have made substantial progress in identifying the psychological influences that shape public receptivity to scientific information relating to climate change and other public policy issues. That work, however, has consisted nearly entirely of laboratory experiments and public opinion surveys; these methods identify general mechanisms of information processing but do not yield concrete prescriptions for communication in field settings. In order to integrate the findings of the science of science communication with the practice of it, field communication must now be made into a meaningful site of science communication research. "Evidence-based science communication" will involve collaborative work between social scientists and practitioners aimed at formulating and testing scientifically informed communication strategies in real-world contexts.

Kahan, D.

2012-12-01

236

Improving the enabling environment for electronic communications and ICT development in Kosova : [Presentation given on November 17, 2010].  

E-print Network

??This Capstone Project addresses an important problem hampering growth and development in the Kosova electronic communications sector, namely that its legislative enabling environment is seriously… (more)

Kukaj, Agim

2010-01-01

237

Right to Know, Unicef BiH--Developing a Communication Strategy for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS among Young People through Participatory Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes the process and the findings of a Participatory Action Research (PAR) conducted with young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in 2003, with an aim to develop a communication strategy for the prevention of HIV/AIDS in BiH. The study was initiated and funded as part of a global UNICEF initiative bearing the same name and…

Maglajlic, Reima Ana

2004-01-01

238

The Effect of the Context of Learning on the Use of Communication Strategies by Learners of Spanish as a Second Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effect of the context of learning--"at home" (AH) classroom versus study abroad (SA)--on the number and types of communication strategies (CSs) used by learners of Spanish as a second language. Oral data from 46 learners--20 AH and 26 SA--were analyzed before and after the treatment period, to discern the effect of…

Lafford, Barbara A.

2004-01-01

239

Hazard Communication and Right to Know Training Welcome to the Environmental Health & Safety presentation for New Employee Orientation.  

E-print Network

Hazard Communication and Right to Know Training Slide 1 Welcome to the Environmental Health the Department of Environmental Health and Safety, Workers' Compensation Insurance Coverage, use of University vehicles, Hazard Communication, Emergency procedures, the FSU Alert System and the University's storm water

Weston, Ken

240

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Attend Typically to Faces and Objects Presented within Their Picture Communication Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may require interventions for communication difficulties. One type of intervention is picture communication symbols which are proposed to improve comprehension of linguistic input for children with ASD. However, atypical attention to faces and objects is widely reported across the autism…

Gillespie-Smith, K.; Riby, D. M.; Hancock, P. J. B.; Doherty-Sneddon, G.

2014-01-01

241

Abstract In this position paper, we present our research work focused on the design of a communication architecture  

E-print Network

of a communication architecture to access TCP/IP networks (mainly Internet) through GSM. We exploit the existing and widely used TCP/IP communication architecture, but also take into account the specific features of wireless links and GSM networks. Our proposal is based in the indirect model of client/server interaction

Miguel-Alonso, José

242

Testing Communication Strategies to Convey Genomic Concepts Using Virtual Reality Technology  

PubMed Central

Health professionals need to be able to communicate information about genomic susceptibility in understandable and usable ways, but substantial challenges are involved. We developed four learning modules that varied along two factors: (1) learning mode (active learning vs. didactic learning) and (2) metaphor (risk elevator vs. bridge) and tested them using a 2×2 between-subjects, repeated measures design. The study used an innovative virtual reality technology experimental platform; four virtual worlds were designed to convey the concept that genetic and behavioral factors interact to affect common disease risk. The primary outcome was comprehension (recall, transfer). Study participants were 42 undergraduates aged 19–23. The results indicated that the elevator metaphor better supported learning of the concept than the bridge metaphor. Mean transfer score was significantly higher for the elevator metaphor (p<0.05). Mean change in recall was significantly higher for didactic learning than active learning (p<0.05). However, mean ratings for variables posited to be associated with better learning (e.g., motivation) were generally higher for the active learning worlds. The results suggested that active learning might not always be more effective than didactic learning in increasing comprehension of health information. The findings also indicated that less complex metaphors might convey abstract concepts more effectively. PMID:19466649

Kaphingst, Kimberly A.; Persky, Susan; McCall, Cade; Lachance, Christina; Beall, Andrew C.; Blascovich, Jim

2009-01-01

243

Mass Media and Developing Nations: A Global Perspective of the Present State of Mass Communication and Its Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Four features characterize the current global scene in mass communications: (1) an imbalance of resources between industrialized and developing countries, (2) an imbalance of information flow between countries, (3) an irrelevance of media content to the s...

K. Nordenstreng

1974-01-01

244

Learning and Challenging Online Social Communication Strategies in Morocco: Gender and Usage by AUI Graduates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the use of Facebook for self-presentation and networking by recent graduates of Al Akhawayn University (AUI), a prestigious English-instruction university in Ifrane, Morocco. These graduates, known among themselves as AUIers, present a unique cohort in Moroccan higher education because of the American-inspired, globally-focused undergraduate education they have received. A central question of this study is how these

Lynne Dahmen; Fatima Zahrae Chrifi-Alaoui

2010-01-01

245

Adoption of alternative financing strategies to increase the diffusion of picture archiving and communication systems into the radiology marketplace.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to evaluate current marketplace conditions and strategies employed by major picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) vendors in the creation of alternative financing strategies, to enhance the diffusion of filmless imaging. Data were collected from the major PACS vendors in the forms of survey questionnaires and review of existing leases. Topics evaluated in the survey included current financing options available, foreseeable changes in PACS financing, role of third-party financiers, and creation of risk-sharing arrangements. Generic leases were also reviewed evaluating the presence or absence of several key variables including technology obsolescence protection, hardware/software upgrades, end-of-term options, determination of fair market value, functionality/acceptance testing, uptime guarantees, and workflow management consulting. Eight of the 10 PACS vendors surveyed participated in the data collection. The vast majority of current PACS implementations (60% to 90%) occur through direct purchase, with conventional leasing (operating or capital) accounting for only 5% to 30% of PACS installations. The majority of respondents view fee-for-lease arrangements and other forms of risk sharing as increasing importance for future PACS financing. The specific targets for such risk-sharing arrangements consist of small hospital and privately owned imaging centers. Leases currently offered range in duration from 3 to 5 years and frequently offer technology obsolescence protection with upgrades, multiple end-of-term options, and some form of acceptance testing. A number of important variables frequently omitted from leases include uptime guarantees, flexibility in changing financing or vendors, and incorporation of expected productivity/operational efficiency gains. As vendors strive to increase the penetration of PACS into the radiology marketplace, there will be a shift from conventional financing (loan or purchase) to leasing. Fee-for-use leasing and other forms of risk sharing have the greatest potential in smaller hospitals, which do not have the financial resources to pursue conventional financing options. Potential PACS customers must be cautious when entering into these alternative financing strategies, to ensure that appropriate safeguards are incorporated, in order to minimize downside risk. PMID:10847376

Reiner, B; Siegel, E; McKay, P

2000-05-01

246

Endogenous voltage gradients as mediators of cell-cell communication: strategies for investigating bioelectrical signals during pattern formation  

PubMed Central

Alongside the well-known chemical modes of cell-cell communication, we find an important and powerful system of bioelectrical signaling: changes in the resting voltage potential (Vmem) of the plasma membrane driven by ion channels, pumps and gap junctions. Slow Vmem changes in all cells serve as a highly conserved, information-bearing pathway that regulates cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In embryonic and regenerative pattern formation and in the disorganization of neoplasia, bioelectrical cues serve as mediators of large-scale anatomical polarity, organ identity and positional information. Recent developments have resulted in tools that enable a high-resolution analysis of these biophysical signals and their linkage with upstream and downstream canonical genetic pathways. Here, we provide an overview for the study of bioelectric signaling, focusing on state-of-the-art approaches that use molecular physiology and developmental genetics to probe the roles of bioelectric events functionally. We highlight the logic, strategies and well-developed technologies that any group of researchers can employ to identify and dissect ionic signaling components in their own work and thus to help crack the bioelectric code. The dissection of bioelectric events as instructive signals enabling the orchestration of cell behaviors into large-scale coherent patterning programs will enrich on-going work in diverse areas of biology, as biophysical factors become incorporated into our systems-level understanding of cell interactions. PMID:22350846

Adams, Dany S.; Levin, Michael

2013-01-01

247

Electromagnetic Interference to Flight Navigation and Communication Systems: New Strategies in the Age of Wireless  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) promises to be an ever-evolving concern for flight electronic systems. This paper introduces EMI and identifies its impact upon civil aviation radio systems. New wireless services, like mobile phones, text messaging, email, web browsing, radio frequency identification (RFID), and mobile audio/video services are now being introduced into passenger airplanes. FCC and FAA rules governing the use of mobile phones and other portable electronic devices (PEDs) on board airplanes are presented along with a perspective of how these rules are now being rewritten to better facilitate in-flight wireless services. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of NASA cooperative research with the FAA, RTCA, airlines and universities to obtain laboratory radiated emission data for numerous PED types, aircraft radio frequency (RF) coupling measurements, estimated aircraft radio interference thresholds, and direct-effects EMI testing. These elements are combined together to provide high-confidence answers regarding the EMI potential of new wireless products being used on passenger airplanes. This paper presents a vision for harmonizing new wireless services with aeronautical radio services by detecting, assessing, controlling and mitigating the effects of EMI.

Ely, Jay J.

2005-01-01

248

Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1985 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (Anaheim, California, January 17-23, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues in educational communications and technology are addressed in this collection of 48 papers, in which research reports predominate. Topics discussed include factors related to the learner, e.g., field dependence/independence, learning strategies, information processing, spatial ability, cognitive style, and cognitive strategies.…

Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; Treimer, Margaret, Ed.

249

Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1988 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (10th, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 14-19, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 54 papers in this volume represent some of the most current thinking in educational communications and technology. Individual papers address the following topics: feedback in computer-assisted instruction (CAI); cognitive style and cognitive strategies in CAI; persuasive film-making; learning strategies; computer technology and children's word…

Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; Frederick, Jacqueline K., Ed.

250

Seeking Informed Consent to Phase I Cancer Clinical Trials: Identifying Oncologists' Communication Strategies. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

The authors identified inadequate communication styles for each of the themes and provided suggestions for improving the quality of communication. The major concerns were paternalistic approach to decision making and use of persuasive language.

251

A resource management strategy in wireless multimedia communications-total power saving in mobile terminals with a guaranteed QoS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The integration of multimedia services into wireless communication networks is a major source of future technological advances. One of the main challenging issues in this endeavor is the resource optimization strategy. This paper addresses this issue from the perspective of minimizing the total power consumption of a mobile terminal while maintaining a guaranteed quality-of-service (QoS). For many years, the management

Tse-hua Lan; Ahmed H. Tewfik

2003-01-01

252

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2013-01-01

253

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2013-01-01

254

Speech, Language, and Communication Disorders. Papers Presented at the Annual International Convention of the Council for Exceptional Children (48th, Chicago, Illinois, April 19-25, 1970).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speech, language, and communication disorders were among the topics of papers presented at the convention of the Council for Exceptional Children in Chicago, 1970. Discussions include evaluation theory and caseload selection by Lear Ashmore, differential diagnosis in a rural school by William L. Shinder, the practical application of differential…

Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.

255

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (31st, Orlando, FL, 2008)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-first year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) sponsored the publication of these Proceedings. Papers were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. This year's Proceedings has two sections--Section 1 includes research and development papers and…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2008-01-01

256

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2012-01-01

257

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2012-01-01

258

(2010). Paper accepted for presentation at the 96th Annual Convention of the National  

E-print Network

Association, November 14-17. Gender, Communication, and Self-Presentation in Teen Chatrooms Revisited: Have for the purpose of identifying possible gender preferences in the online communication and self-presentation strategies of teenagers. The study of gender differences in computer-mediated communication (CMC) has a long

Herring, Susan

259

From Poverty to Economic Development: Community and Policy Strategies for Latinos in Massachusetts. Summaries of Papers To Be Presented at Conference (Boston, Massachusetts, December 13, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains summaries of six papers presented at a conference on community and policy strategies for Latinos in Massachusetts. Each summary follows an executive summary format by briefly describing the project or argument and highlighting and summarizing major findings or recommendations. The papers are as follows: (1) "An…

Massachusetts Univ., Boston. Mauricio Gaston Inst. for Latino Community Development and Public Policy.

260

TeknoSport: Communicating to Prevent Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case study for use in business communication classes to help students understand and learn both the context and the strategies for communication with business and management. Deals with situation in a sports training equipment firm in which a new president and the board decided to cut a successful and popular sales training program.…

Rogers, Priscilla S.

1998-01-01

261

Priorities and Strategies for the Implementation of Integrated Informatics and Communications Technology to Improve Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. health care system is one of the world's most advanced systems. Yet, the health care system suffers from unexplained practice variations, major gaps be- tween evidence and practice, and suboptimal quality. Although information processing, communication, and management are key to health care delivery and con- siderable evidence links information\\/communication technology (IT) to improvements in patient safety and quality

Bradley N. Doebbeling; Ann F. Chou; William M. Tierney

2006-01-01

262

Anti-Streptococcal activity of Brazilian Amazon Rain Forest plant extracts presents potential for preventive strategies against dental caries  

PubMed Central

Caries is a global public health problem, whose control requires the introduction of low-cost treatments, such as strong prevention strategies, minimally invasive techniques and chemical prevention agents. Nature plays an important role as a source of new antibacterial substances that can be used in the prevention of caries, and Brazil is the richest country in terms of biodiversity. Objective In this study, the disk diffusion method (DDM) was used to screen over 2,000 Brazilian Amazon plant extracts against Streptococcus mutans. Material and Methods Seventeen active plant extracts were identified and fractionated. Extracts and their fractions, obtained by liquid-liquid partition, were tested in the DDM assay and in the microdilution broth assay (MBA) to determine their minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs). The extracts were also subjected to antioxidant analysis by thin layer chromatography. Results EB271, obtained from Casearia spruceana, showed significant activity against the bacterium in the DDM assay (20.67±0.52 mm), as did EB1129, obtained from Psychotria sp. (Rubiaceae) (15.04±2.29 mm). EB1493, obtained from Ipomoea alba, was the only extract to show strong activity against Streptococcus mutans (0.08 mg/mLstrategies to treat caries. PMID:24676578

da SILVA, Juliana Paola Correa; de CASTILHO, Adriana Ligia; SARACENI, Cintia Helena Couri; DIAZ, Ingrit Elida Collantes; PACIENCIA, Mateus Luis Barradas; SUFFREDINI, Ivana Barbosa

2014-01-01

263

Effects of the Influence Agent’s Sex and Self-Confidence on Informational Social Influence in Computer-Mediated Communication:Quantitative Versus Verbal Presentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three experiments examined the effects of the influence agent’s inferred sex and self-proclaimed competence on informational social influence in computermediated communication. In 2 (Participant Sex: Male vs. Female) 2 (Partner’s Character:Male vs. Female) 2 (Partner’s Self-Confidence: High vs. Low) mixed-design experiments, participants played a trivia game with an anonymous partner. When the partner’s confidence was presented in quantitative form, its

Eun-Ju Lee

2005-01-01

264

An investigation of communication patterns and strategies between international teaching assistants and undergraduate students in university-level science labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research project investigates communication between international teaching assistants and their undergraduate students in university-level chemistry labs. During the fall semester, introductory-level chemistry lab sections of three experienced non-native speaking teaching assistants and their undergraduate students were observed. Digital audio and video recordings documented fifteen hours of lab communication, focusing on the activities and interactions in the first hour of the chemistry laboratory sessions. In follow-up one-on-one semi-structured interviews, the participants (undergraduates, teaching assistants, and faculty member) reviewed interactions and responded to a 10-item, 7-point Likert-scaled interview. Interactions were classified into success categories based on participants' opinions. Quantitative and qualitative data from the observations and interviews guided the analysis of the laboratory interactions, which examined patterns of conversational listening. Analysis of laboratory communication reveals that undergraduates initiated nearly two-thirds of laboratory communication, with three-fourths of interactions less than 30 seconds in duration. Issues of gender and topics of interaction activity were also explored. Interview data identified that successful undergraduate-teaching assistant communication in interactive science labs depends on teaching assistant listening comprehension skills to interpret and respond successfully to undergraduate questions. Successful communication in the chemistry lab depended on the coordination of visual and verbal sources of information. Teaching assistant responses that included explanations and elaborations were also seen as positive features in the communicative exchanges. Interaction analysis focusing on the listening comprehension demands placed on international teaching assistants revealed that undergraduate-initiated questions often employ deixis (exophoric reference), requiring teaching assistants to demonstrate skills at disambiguating undergraduate discourse. Interaction analysis reinforced that successful undergraduate-teaching assistant communication depends on the coordination of verbal and visual channels of communication, with the physical objects of the chemistry lab environment playing a pivotal role in expressing information and in mutual understanding. These results have implications for the evaluation of English proficiency and the preparation of non-native speaking teaching assistants by pointing out that teaching assistant listening comprehension skills and the use of contextual artifacts contribute to successful communication and are areas that, to date, have been underrepresented in the research literature on international teaching assistant communication.

Gourlay, Barbara Elas

265

Development of behaviour change communication strategy for a vaccination-linked malaria control tool in southern Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infants (IPTi) using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and linked to the expanded programme on immunization (EPI) is a promising strategy for malaria control in young children. As evidence grows on the efficacy of IPTi as public health strategy, information is needed so that this novel control tool can be put into practice promptly, once a policy

Adiel K Mushi; Joanna Schellenberg; Mwifadhi Mrisho; Fatuma Manzi; Conrad Mbuya; Haji Mponda; Hassan Mshinda; Marcel Tanner; Pedro Alonso; Robert Pool; David Schellenberg

2008-01-01

266

Experience With A Small Scale All Digital CT And MRI Clinical Service Unit: Present Status Of Kyoto University Hospital Image Database And Communication System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kyoto University Hospital is currently developing a prototype PAC system named KIDS (Kyoto univ. hosp. Image Database and communication System). The present goal of the system is to achieve the totally digital CT and MRI unit in the radiological department. Because KIDS is designed as a first step of a long-range plan towards a hospital wide system, it includes all of the basic functions required in realizing the PAC system, such as communication networks, a long term archiving unit, a laser film printer and image workstations. The system concept, architecture and current status are described in this paper. Our early experience and evaluations with the system in a clinical environment are also mentioned.

Minato, K.; Komori, M.; Nakano, Y.

1988-06-01

267

Communication in diagnostic radiology: meeting the challenges of complexity.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. As patients and information flow through the imaging process, value is added step-by-step when information is acquired, interpreted, and communicated back to the referring clinician. However, radiology information systems are often plagued with communication errors and delays. This article presents theories and recommends strategies to continuously improve communication in the complex environment of modern radiology. CONCLUSION. Communication theories, methods, and systems that have proven their effectiveness in other environments can serve as models for radiology. PMID:25341133

Larson, David B; Froehle, Craig M; Johnson, Neil D; Towbin, Alexander J

2014-11-01

268

Strategies to Evaluate Synchronous Carcinomas of the Colon and Rectum in Patients That Present for Emergent Surgery  

PubMed Central

It is not always possible to evaluate patients that present acutely with carcinoma of the colon and rectum for synchronous lesions. Patients that require emergent surgery necessitate urgent and efficient operation. Patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding, perforation, or obstruction represent a challenging subset of patients with colorectal cancer. An organized approach to these patients in the effort not to overlook a synchronous carcinoma is important. The present paper provides an evidenced-based approach to this special situation. PMID:23476758

Agnew, Jennifer L.; Abbadessa, Benjamin; Leitman, I. Michael

2013-01-01

269

Ethnic differences in the presentation, treatment strategy, and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (a report from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Dynamic Registry)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information about the impact of race\\/ethnicity on adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the modern era is limited. Using consecutive patients from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Dynamic Registry, this study investigated differences in clinical presentation, treatment strategy, and acute and long-term outcomes in 3,669 white, 446 black, 301 Hispanic, and 201 Asian patients who underwent

James Slater; Faith Selzer; Sharmila Dorbala; Deborah Tormey; Helen A Vlachos; Robert L Wilensky; Alice K Jacobs; Warren K Laskey; John S Douglas; David O Williams; Sheryl F Kelsey

2003-01-01

270

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Presenting with Visual and Auditory Impairment in an Adolescent: An Insight to Management Strategies  

PubMed Central

A 15-year-old girl presented with progressive deterioration in vision and hearing over 1 week. A huge spleen was palpated below the left costal margin laying down to inguinal region. Blood count showed hyperleukocytosis with a white blood cell count of 455 × 109/l. Peripheral smear yielded myeloid precursor cells with basophilia. Bone marrow aspiration revealed a blast count of 5% morphologically and 4% by flow cytometry. Fundoscopic examination revealed bilateral retinal exudates, edema and hemorhages. Partial sensorioneural hearing loss was also detected on the right ear. The diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia was confirmed by positive t(9;22) by RT-PCR. After commencing on hydroxyurea and intrathecal methotrexate-prednisolone, progressive improvement in hearing and vision was obtained. In our brief report, we aimed to emphasize rare presentation with visual and hearing impairment of chronic myeloid leukemia during childhood, especially in “chronic phase”. PMID:21886391

Unal, Sule; Bayrakç?, Benan; Tuncer, Murat

2010-01-01

271

Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1986 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (Las Vegas, NV, January 16-21, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues in educational communications and technology are addressed in this collection of 47 papers, in which research reports dominate. Topics discussed include factors related to the learner, e.g., problem-solving skills, motivation, comparison of instructional design strategies, effects of organizational cues and text layouts, and…

Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; And Others

272

A Randomized Trial Comparison of the Effects of Verbal and Pictorial Naturalistic Communication Strategies on Spoken Language for Young Children with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presently there is no consensus on the specific behavioral treatment of choice for targeting language in young nonverbal children with autism. This randomized clinical trial compared the effectiveness of a verbally-based intervention, Pivotal Response Training (PRT) to a pictorially-based behavioral intervention, the Picture Exchange Communication

Schreibman, Laura; Stahmer, Aubyn C.

2014-01-01

273

Formative research and development of an evidence-based communication strategy: the introduction of Vi typhoid fever vaccine among school-aged children in Karachi, Pakistan.  

PubMed

The authors conducted formative research (a) to identify stakeholders' concerns related to typhoid fever and the need for disease information and (b) to develop a communication strategy to inform stakeholders and address their concerns and motivate for support of a school-based vaccination program in Pakistan. Data were collected during interactive and semi-structured focus group discussions and interviews, followed by a qualitative analysis and multidisciplinary consultative process to identify an effective social mobilization strategy comprised of relevant media channels and messages. The authors conducted 14 focus group discussions with the parents of school-aged children and their teachers, and 13 individual interviews with school, religious, and political leaders. Parents thought that typhoid fever was a dangerous disease, but were unsure of their children's risk. They were interested in vaccination and were comfortable with a school-based vaccination if conducted under the supervision of trained and qualified staff. Teachers and leaders needed information on typhoid fever, the vaccine, procedures, and sponsors of the vaccination program. Meetings were considered the best form of information dissemination, followed by printed materials and mass media. This study shows how qualitative research findings can be translated into an effective social mobilization and communication approach. The findings of the research indicated the importance of increasing awareness of typhoid fever and the benefits of vaccination against the disease. Identification and dissemination of relevant, community-based disease and vaccination information will increase demand and use of vaccination. PMID:23330632

Pach, Alfred; Tabbusam, Ghurnata; Khan, M Imran; Suhag, Zamir; Hussain, Imtiaz; Hussain, Ejaz; Mumtaz, Uzma; Haq, Inam Ul; Tahir, Rehman; Mirani, Amjad; Yousafzai, Aisha; Sahastrabuddhe, Sushant; Ochiai, R Leon; Soofi, Sajid; Clemens, John D; Favorov, Michael O; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A

2013-01-01

274

Communication in Corporate Settings: Trends for the 21st Century--The Effect of Presentation Skills Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of increased competition and a need for retaining and retraining valued employee in a shrinking industrial labor pool, there is a growing need for presentation skills training. Analysis of theories of adult learning, training styles, training formats, and practical experience in the field suggests that the most effective training format…

Ray, Rebecca L.

275

Adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in academic libraries: A strategy for library networking in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to investigate the extent of adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in university libraries in Nigeria. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Postal survey was the instrument used for data collection. Almost 60 per cent of the University Librarians out of the 29 university libraries surveyed completed their questionnaires. Findings – The results of the survey show that

Okon E. Ani; Jacob E. Esin; Nkoyo Edem

2005-01-01

276

Internship/Co-op Syllabus Course Business Communication Adding More Value to Your Internship "Success Strategies for  

E-print Network

:www.leadershipnow.com) Rutgers Business School recognizes the competitive advantage of using the intern/co-op experience and CEO of National Semiconductor Corp and Apple, who advises: "Excellent communication skills is to increase your writing and speaking expertise so that you will be more competitive in your internship, your

Lin, Xiaodong

277

Fluid-Structure Interactions of the Mitral Valve and Left Heart: Comprehensive Strategies, Past, Present and Future  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The remodeling that occurs after a posterolateral myocardial infarction can alter mitral valve function by creating conformational abnormalities in the mitral annulus and in the posteromedial papillary muscle, leading to mitral regurgitation (MR). It is generally assumed that this remodeling is caused by a volume load and is mediated by an increase in diastolic wall stress. Thus, mitral regurgitation can be both the cause and effect of an abnormal cardiac stress environment. Computational modeling of ischemic MR and its surgical correction is attractive because it enables an examination of whether a given intervention addresses the correction of regurgitation (fluid-flow) at the cost of abnormal tissue stress. This is significant because the negative effects of an increased wall stress due to the intervention will only be evident over time. However, a meaningful fluid-structure interaction model of the left heart is not trivial; it requires a careful characterization of the in-vivo cardiac geometry, tissue parameterization though inverse analysis, a robust coupled solver that handles collapsing Lagrangian interfaces, automatic grid-generation algorithms that are capable of accurately discretizing the cardiac geometry, innovations in image analysis, competent and efficient constitutive models and an understanding of the spatial organization of tissue microstructure. In this manuscript, we profile our work toward a comprehensive fluid-structure interaction model of the left heart by reviewing our early work, presenting our current work and laying out our future work in four broad categories: data collection, geometry, fluid-structure interaction and validation. PMID:20454531

Einstein, Daniel R.; Del Pin, Facundo; Jiao, Xiangmin; Kuprat, Andrew P.; Carson, James P.; Kunzelman, Karyn S.; Cochran, Richard P.; Guccione, Julius M.; Ratcliffe, Mark B.

2009-01-01

278

Conflict Resolution Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that, due to escalating violence in contemporary society, community colleges should offer certificate or degree programs in conflict resolution. Describes a conflict resolution communication program, which teaches communication skills, mediation processes, and coping strategies to prospective mediators. (NB)

Lincoln, Melinda G.

2002-01-01

279

African American Women and HIV/AIDS: A National Call for Targeted Health Communication Strategies to Address a Disparity  

PubMed Central

Dr Arya is assistant professor of medicine in the section of infectious diseases at the Baylor College of Medicine and a health services researcher at the Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies in Houston. Dr Behforouz is assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, medical and executive director of the Prevention and Access to Care and Treatment Project, and associate physician in the Brigham Internal Medicine Associates at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston. Dr Viswanath is associate professor of society, human development and health at the Harvard School of Public Health and director of the Health Communication Core of the Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, Boston. At the time of manuscript submission, Dr Arya was a fellow in the division of infectious diseases at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School. African American women are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the United States. To address this disparity, the CDC released a call for targeted communication campaigns in African American communities. The mass media is an HIV/AIDS information source used by African Americans, and media initiatives can be cost-effective for delivering HIV prevention messages. Needed is research in communities at risk to determine the messages needed and the preferred formats and channels with which to deliver the messages so that targeted communication campaigns can be part of the multifaceted approach to ending the HIV/AIDS disparity affecting African American women. PMID:19271331

Arya, Monisha; Behforouz, Heidi L.; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula

2013-01-01

280

Enabling a Prelinguistic Communicator with Autism to Use Picture Card as a Strategy for Repairing Listener Misunderstandings: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study was to examine the effects of a time-delay prompting procedure on the acquisition of skills for repairing multiple listener misunderstandings. A prelinguistic student with autism was taught to use picture cards as a strategy to repair listener misunderstandings in a setting where the student had to ask the listener…

Ohtake, Yoshihisa; Wehmeyer, Michael; Uchida, Naomi; Nakaya, Akitaka; Yanagihara, Masafumi

2010-01-01

281

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION, VOL. 51, NO. 1, MARCH 2008 63 Learning Strategies in Online Collaborative Examinations  

E-print Network

in Online Collaborative Examinations --JIA SHEN, STARR ROXANNE HILTZ, AND MICHAEL BIEBER Abstract--New forms of computer-mediated, online learning can benefit from new forms of assessment that fit the medium strategies in taking online collaborative exams. Applying constructivist and collaborative learning theories

Bieber, Michael

282

When Patients Are Impatient: The Communication Strategies Utilized by Emergency Department Employees to Manage Patients Frustrated by Wait Times  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have documented the frustrations patients experience during long wait times in emergency departments (EDs), but considerably less research has sought to understand ED staff responses to these frustrations. In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 ED social workers, patient navigators, and medical staff members at a large urban hospital regarding their experiences and interpersonal strategies for dealing with frustrated patients.

Elizabeth L. Cohen; Holley A. Wilkin; Michael Tannebaum; Melissa S. Plew; Leon L. Haley Jr

2012-01-01

283

Deciding 'What', 'When', 'Why', and 'How' to Adapt in Intelligent Multimedia Presentation Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent Multimedia Presentation Systems are characterised by their capability to make several 'communication d ecisions' at run-time concerning 'what', 'when', 'why' and 'how' to present i nformation, through a c ertain 'adaptivity strategy'. In this paper, we present a methodological approach which is based on a c lear separation of the important attributes that characterise the adaptivity strategy, namely the

Charalampos Karagiannidis; Adamantios Koumpis; Constantine Stephanidis

1996-01-01

284

Understanding the Picture Exchange Communication System and Its Application in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and its applications in physical education. The PECS is an appropriate communication intervention for students with autism who lack functional communication skills. It is often confused with other visual support strategies, so the authors delineate the six phases of PECS and…

Green, Amanda; Sandt, Dawn

2013-01-01

285

Building Instructional Design Credibility through Communication Competency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses communication skills in instructional design. Highlights include academic preparation; a communication model that includes data, feelings, and credibility; communication with the employer, the client, and peers; and strategies for improving communication, including partnerships with businesses, internships, collaboration with other…

Summers, Laura; Lohr, Linda; O'Neil, Colleen

2002-01-01

286

Survey of trends and approaches of the works related to the Information and Communication Technologies presented at the XIX National Symposium on Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, an investigation of 231 articles of the oral communication sections presented at the National Symposium on Physics Teaching (NSPT) was conducted, trying to identify those related to Information and Communication Technology (ICT), its form of organization, the involved thematic areas and the degree of teaching, allowing to compare the different perspectives and trends in this field. The conducted state of the art-study had a bibliographical character and qualitative contours involving content analysis. It was realized that the thematic area "Information technology, technology diffusion and Physics teaching", where most of the research related to ICT is concentrated, represent 11.7% of the total number of papers at the XIX NSPT, confirming a trend of research in this area. It was found, among other things, the predominance of studies where learning objects are used in Physics Education, especially in High School and University Education; the use of ICT in multidisciplinary work and that some features need to be further explored, such as thermodynamics. It was also noted an expressive amount of studies involving the use of ICT in teacher training proposals, which can contribute to the enlargement of the methodological options of teachers and meet their training needs.

Antunes de Macêdo, Josué; Soares Pedroso, Luciano; Voelzke, Marcos Rincon; Teixeira de Araújo, Mauro Sérgio

2014-04-01

287

Impact of the day-30 screening strategy on the disease presentation and outcome of retinopathy of prematurity. The Indian twin cities retinopathy of prematurity report number 3  

PubMed Central

Context: Outcomes of various screening strategies in retinopathy of prematurity are not well reported. Aim: To assess the impact of a city-wide, ROP screening strategy, on the disease presentation and treatment outcome. Materials and Methods: A retrospective case-control study from a prospectively collected ROP data-base was analyzed. Cases (group 1a) included ROP babies that were screened directly in neonatal intensive care units, and controls (group 1b) were babies referred directly to the institute from other neonatal centers during the same period. Historical controls (group 2) were ROP cases seen in the years preceding establishment of this ROP program and database. Primary outcome measure was the risk of eyes presenting with stage 4 or worse ROP, and main secondary outcome measure was the final anatomic outcome. Results: Of the 643 cases screened, 322 eyes of 161 babies had ROP. The median age of 7.19 months at presentation for the 46 patients (92 eyes) in group 2 was higher than the median age of 1.29 months for the 115 patients (230 eyes) in group 1. Within the group 1, group 1a had lower median age at presentation than group 1b (0.91 months versus 2.30 months). The relative risk of an eye presenting in the stage 4 and 5 in group 2 was 4.7 times higher (95% confidence interval 3.07 -7.32) than in group 1. Eyes that could be given treatment in group 2 were significantly less (P < 0.0005) than in group 1. The relative risk of poor outcome in group 2 was 3.83 times higher (95% confidence interval 2.75 -5.34) than in group 1. Group 1a eyes had the best outcomes. Conclusion: Early screening before one month of age in neonatal centers detects the disease early where prompt treatment can lead to favorable outcomes. The study provides early results of a model strategy for ROP screening. PMID:24088643

Jalali, Subhadra; Anand, Raj; Rani, Padmaja Kumari; Balakrishnan, Divya

2014-01-01

288

Langley Communications: Socializing and Snooping on E-mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case study for use in business communication classes to help students understand and learn both the context and the strategies for the communication with business management. Deals with a business problem revolving around issues of appropriate e-mail use and privacy. Includes five assignments. (SR)

Rymer, Jone

1998-01-01

289

Reclaiming Futures: Using communication to drive community and systems change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reclaiming Futures is a national juvenile justice reform initiative of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. During its 11years of demonstration and expansion phases, Reclaiming Futures has used a variety of communications strategies, tools, and techniques to achieve its objectives. This paper describes the literature relevant to contemporary use of communications tools to achieve social change, and presents a brief history

Mac Prichard; Laura Burney Nissen; Patty Farrell; Melissa Moore

2011-01-01

290

Strategies for measurement-based quantum computation with cluster states transformed by stochastic local operations and classical communication  

SciTech Connect

We examine cluster states transformed by stochastic local operations and classical communication, as a resource for deterministic universal computation driven strictly by projective measurements. We identify circumstances under which such states in one dimension constitute resources for random-length single-qubit rotations, in one case quasideterministically (N-U-N states) and in another probabilistically (B-U-B states). In contrast to the cluster states, the N-U-N states exhibit spin correlation functions that decay exponentially with distance, while the B-U-B states can be arbitrarily locally pure. A two-dimensional square N-U-N lattice is a universal resource for quasideterministic measurement-based quantum computation. Measurements on cubic B-U-B states yield two-dimensional cluster states with bond defects, whose connectivity exceeds the percolation threshold for a critical value of the local purity.

D'Souza, Adam G.; Feder, David L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Institute for Quantum Information Science, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

2011-10-15

291

Communicating health.  

PubMed

Routine production of communication materials without paying attention to utilization, field test, and impact analysis is ineffective. The concept of information, education, and communication (IEC) should encompass voluntary activity of health education in a tradition of innovation. One seminal factor may be the communication technologies developed by the National Technology Missions. The missions were participatory by seeking solutions among communities and analyzing health issues from the perspective of those directly involved, rather than from the top down. The prime focus of the national drinking water mission was convenience, hence messages concentrating on health advantages were ignored. At this juncture, influencing health behavior required decentralization reflecting local cultures. Thus community-based partners became the foundation of a strategy of communicating safe water. As national strategies emerged in each of the technology missions, communication addressed advocacy of the need for political will, dissemination of technical information, and influencing patterns of behavior. Despite learning a new understanding, the danger exists that IEC remains just another label of mass communication with posters, advertisements, brochures, radio, and television. Decisions on contraceptive choice and use requires more than just accurate information; it requires the power to make such a decision. A new approach demands a priority for communication skills taking into account people's aspirations. The HIV-AIDS crisis underlines the urgency with which communication has to respond to health challenges. A series of experiments facilitated by the World Conservation Union helped build communication capabilities among environmental groups working in Latin America, Africa, and India. The International Reference Center on Water and Sanitation initiated pilot communication projects in West Africa for community health. PMID:12290698

Chatterjee, A

1995-01-01

292

Strategies of the honeybee Apis mellifera during visual search for vertical targets presented at various heights: a role for spatial attention?  

PubMed Central

When honeybees are presented with a colour discrimination task, they tend to choose swiftly and accurately when objects are presented in the ventral part of their frontal visual field. In contrast, poor performance is observed when objects appear in the dorsal part. Here we investigate if this asymmetry is caused by fixed search patterns or if bees can use alternative search mechanisms such as spatial attention, which allows flexible focusing on different areas of the visual field. We asked individual honeybees to choose an orange rewarded target among blue distractors. Target and distractors were presented in the ventral visual field, the dorsal field or both. Bees presented with targets in the ventral visual field consistently had the highest search efficiency, with rapid decisions, high accuracy and direct flight paths. In contrast, search performance for dorsally located targets was inaccurate and slow at the beginning of the test phase, but bees increased their search performance significantly after a few learning trials: they found the target faster, made fewer errors and flew in a straight line towards the target. However, bees needed thrice as long to improve the search for a dorsally located target when the target’s position changed randomly between the ventral and the dorsal visual field. We propose that honeybees form expectations of the location of the target’s appearance and adapt their search strategy accordingly. Different possible mechanisms of this behavioural adaptation are discussed. PMID:25254109

Morawetz, Linde; Chittka, Lars; Spaethe, Johannes

2014-01-01

293

Strategies of the honeybee Apis mellifera during visual search for vertical targets presented at various heights: a role for spatial attention?  

PubMed

When honeybees are presented with a colour discrimination task, they tend to choose swiftly and accurately when objects are presented in the ventral part of their frontal visual field. In contrast, poor performance is observed when objects appear in the dorsal part. Here we investigate if this asymmetry is caused by fixed search patterns or if bees can use alternative search mechanisms such as spatial attention, which allows flexible focusing on different areas of the visual field. We asked individual honeybees to choose an orange rewarded target among blue distractors. Target and distractors were presented in the ventral visual field, the dorsal field or both. Bees presented with targets in the ventral visual field consistently had the highest search efficiency, with rapid decisions, high accuracy and direct flight paths. In contrast, search performance for dorsally located targets was inaccurate and slow at the beginning of the test phase, but bees increased their search performance significantly after a few learning trials: they found the target faster, made fewer errors and flew in a straight line towards the target. However, bees needed thrice as long to improve the search for a dorsally located target when the target's position changed randomly between the ventral and the dorsal visual field. We propose that honeybees form expectations of the location of the target's appearance and adapt their search strategy accordingly. Different possible mechanisms of this behavioural adaptation are discussed. PMID:25254109

Morawetz, Linde; Chittka, Lars; Spaethe, Johannes

2014-01-01

294

A novel decoding algorithm based on the hierarchical reliable strategy for SCG-LDPC codes in optical communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An effective hierarchical reliable belief propagation (HRBP) decoding algorithm is proposed according to the structural characteristics of systematically constructed Gallager low-density parity-check (SCG-LDPC) codes. The novel decoding algorithm combines the layered iteration with the reliability judgment, and can greatly reduce the number of the variable nodes involved in the subsequent iteration process and accelerate the convergence rate. The result of simulation for SCG-LDPC(3969,3720) code shows that the novel HRBP decoding algorithm can greatly reduce the computing amount at the condition of ensuring the performance compared with the traditional belief propagation (BP) algorithm. The bit error rate (BER) of the HRBP algorithm is considerable at the threshold value of 15, but in the subsequent iteration process, the number of the variable nodes for the HRBP algorithm can be reduced by about 70% at the high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) compared with the BP algorithm. When the threshold value is further increased, the HRBP algorithm will gradually degenerate into the layered-BP algorithm, but at the BER of 10-7 and the maximal iteration number of 30, the net coding gain (NCG) of the HRBP algorithm is 0.2 dB more than that of the BP algorithm, and the average iteration times can be reduced by about 40% at the high SNR. Therefore, the novel HRBP decoding algorithm is more suitable for optical communication systems.

Yuan, Jian-guo; Tong, Qing-zhen; Huang, Sheng; Wang, Yong

2013-11-01

295

Organizational Management through Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book promotes professional management through the process of communication, developing communication strategies for setting goals, planning, organizing, controlling, and problem solving. The book's first five chapters, which relate organizational management to communication, include a behavioral approach to management and organizational…

Allen, Richard K.

296

Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (33rd, Anaheim, California, 2010). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-third year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. This is Volume #2 of the 33rd "Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology." This volume includes papers…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2010-01-01

297

The Picture Exchange Communication System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of strategies have been used to help children with autism acquire functional communication skills. The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a unique communication training program that was developed as a means of circumventing some shortcomings associatd with these strategies. A description of the steps within PECS is provided. Long-term group data have indicated that a large proportion

Andrew S. Bondy; Lori A. Frost

1994-01-01

298

NCI Presents the First Eleanor Nealon Extraordinary Communicators Award to ABC News Special Correspondent Robert Krulwich at NIH on June 16, 2000  

Cancer.gov

The Eleanor Nealon Extraordinary Communicators Lecture Series, sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), will be launched at noon on Friday, June 16, 2000, in Masur Auditorium in Building 10 on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) campus.

299

Technology enabled re-engineering : a business strategy for advancing Bangladesh  

E-print Network

A strategy is presented to rapidly advance a developing nation utilizing the power of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). A banking institution is chosen to be the anchor tenant to spread ICT. A radical ...

Hasan, Abdullah

2003-01-01

300

How effective are strategies for non-communicable disease prevention and control in a high risk population in a developing country? Isfahan Healthy Heart Programme  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Isfahan Healthy Heart Programme (IHHP) is a community-based programme for non-communicable diseases prevention and control using both a population and high risk approach in Iran. This study demonstrated the efficacy of IHHP interventional strategies to improve lifestyle behaviours in a population at risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Material and methods Healthy Lifestyle for NCDs High Risk Population is one of ten projects of IHHP. High risk individuals were defined as those who have at least one risk factor for developing coronary artery disease (CAD). Changes of behavioural indicators have been compared between two areas with a survey after 5 years of intervention. Results Among high risk individuals in the intervention and reference areas, 77.8% and 82.5% had at least one major risk factor for CAD. The prevalence of major risk factors for CAD (except cigarette smoking) was decreased in both intervention and reference areas during 5 years of intervention and the pattern of diet and physical activity was improved. Conclusions Interventional activities in IHHP targeting the high risk population seem to be effective in improving lifestyle behaviour, increasing awareness and control of risk factors of the high risk population. PMID:22371716

Baghaei, Abdolmehdi; Rabiei, Katayoun; Gharipour, Mojgan; Tavasoli, Ali Akbar; Shirani, Shahin; Bahonar, Ahamad; Davarpanah, Amir Hossein; Ramezani, Mohammad Arash; Kelishadi, Roya

2010-01-01

301

Anthropogenic versus natural processes and pollution in Padana Valley in last years involving new communication/policy strategies and ethical issues in research evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smart grids-Smat cities "fashion" requires management plans of highly urbanized areas located over the Padanian floodplain, which are prone to diffuse pollution of both lands and urban sectors, mostly after the disasters caused by tremendous alluvial rains in January 2014, when shallow aquifers and agricultural matters could have increase pollution over wide territory. Moreover the urban expansion has affected areas previously used for industrial activity and in some cases such for landfills. When the loss of memory of previous activity prevails after urbanization, with health issues, ethical questions are inevitable, accompanied by social conflicts and economic impacts. The alluvial plains of active tectonic areas - as the Padania Valley - in additions to widespread "anthropogenic pollution" is suffering from widespread "natural pollution" of deep fluid sources - mainly methane - corresponding to areas prone to uprising gaseous brines, along faults. Some of them were partially activated during the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence. This noteworthy seismic sequence engaged discussion about the possible role of gas storages and hydrocarbons production or the simple/exploring drilling activity to trigger typical tectonic seismicity. The paper deepen this troubled communication strategy, their gaps and peculiar geopolicy case histories, to avoid the same strategy, in the future. On the other hand, gas burst or brine-gas-contamination in shallow aquifers, soils and indoor, should be studied by simple and cheap methods, by deepening stratigraphic gaps for the tectonics effects on sedimentation: natural processes should be recalled prior to recall anthropogenic causes, if any. Policy should be more responsible in state clearly the role of research in study infrastructures/processes, also when engaged by private companies, for sites selected by ministries mostly to star research: relevant gaps involves serious confusion in the public as regards responsibility and an exact reconstruction of the true facts. Moreover these areas are affected by natural enrichment in heavy metals and toxic elements harmful to the health: geochemical surveying may allow both to recognize issues of diffuse "natural pollution" and to identify markers and tracers able to discriminate among anthropogenic and natural anomalies by geochemical methods mostly. The discovery of pollution emergency poses the problem of how to share to the public scientific data, avoiding that communication produces alarmism or persecution for the involved researchers, as occurred in the past. When diffuse pollution is linked to natural causes which can be defined as transient that precede potential gas-burst disasters, the risk communication by researchers not always meets sufficient support from those who are responsible for the administration of the territory, being afraid to lose the political consensus. Conflicts of interest in promoting certain non urgent research should be highlighted readily and clearly. This is one of the main cause of low resources devoted to the study of transient geochemical contamination in shallow aquifers, which could be useful for seismotectonic research too. A discussion about: i) intellectual property & equal opportunity for all Earth Science researchers to have access to the public research calls (MIUR, MATT MSE Ministries); ii) about the critical research on some short-term hazards, which penalized the researchers in terms of scientific productivity and career was opened by the paper, suggesting new research evaluation indicators -ethical ones- than Impact Factor only.

Quattrocchi, Fedora; Vaccaro, Carmela; Boschi, Enzo

2014-05-01

302

Improving offshore communication by choosing the right coordination  

E-print Network

, organizational, and stakeholder distances influence negatively the communication and knowledge exchangeImproving offshore communication by choosing the right coordination strategy Matthias Fabriek;Improving offshore communication by choosing the right coordination strategy Page 2 of 92 ABSTRACT

Utrecht, Universiteit

303

Social Simulation in the Family Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of extended role play in a social simulation as a major teaching strategy for a family communication course. The strategy provides the students with a safe but challenging set of family systems for analyzing communication interaction. (JMF)

Galvin, Kathleen M.

1979-01-01

304

Discussing cancer: communication with African Americans.  

PubMed

Regular screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) facilitates earlier detection, lowers mortality, and may reduce incidence through detection and removal of pre-cancerous polyps. Optimizing health professional delivery of CRC screening information and recommendations can assist in reducing CRC disparity in the African-American community. This article presents qualitative data on African Americans' attitudes about health professional CRC communications based on the analysis of focus groups (N = 79). Using a social-ecological framework, colorectal cancer and professional communication themes are examined to offer four general and nine cancer-specific theoretically based and culturally appropriate strategies for improving health professional cancer communication with African Americans. PMID:25050658

Caito, Nikki; Hood, Sula; Thompson, Vetta L Sanders

2014-01-01

305

Expressing emotion in text-based communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our ability to express and accurately assess emotional states is central to human life. The present study examines how people express and detect emotions during text-based communication, an environment that eliminates the nonverbal cues typically associated with emotion. The results from 40 dyadic interactions suggest that users relied on four strategies to express happiness versus sadness, including disagreement, negative affect

Jeffrey T. Hancock; Christopher Landrigan; Courtney Silver

2007-01-01

306

The repertoire of human efforts to avoid sexually transmissible diseases: past and present Part 1: Strategies used before or instead of sex  

PubMed Central

Background/objective: Despite the focus by public health programmes on condoms, chastity, or monogamy, people use a much wider variety of strategies to minimise their personal risk of sexually transmissible disease (STD). The objective of this study was to compile a comprehensive list of personal and societal STD avoidance strategies. Methods: Data from clinical and research observations, computer searches, and historical texts were pooled. Results: In addition to discriminating between potential sexual partners, a variety of behaviours before or instead of sex were identified that have been perceived to alter STD risk. Traditional STD avoidance strategies were often poorly documented and difficult to disentangle from other drives such as the maintenance of social order, paternity guarantee, and eugenics. They also varied in popularity in time and place. Some examples were displacement activities such as masturbation or exercise, circumcision, infibulation, shaving, vaccination, or requiring partners to be tested for infection. Social and moral forces typically discourage non-marital sex, and this affects most people most of the time but few people all of the time. Conclusion: The full spectrum of STD avoidance strategies warrants further study because some are ubiquitous across cultures and because they have the potential to complement or undermine safer sex programmes. Because of their greater acceptability, some less efficacious strategies may have greater public health importance than less popular but more efficacious strategies such as condoms. Key Words: sexually transmitted diseases; HIV infection; partner selection PMID:10817061

Donovan, B.

2000-01-01

307

Communication Laboratories: Genesis, Assessment, Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claims the quality of educational preparation in basic communication skills is insufficient for students to compete in the new millennium. Discusses the communication laboratory as one educational strategy for addressing the issue of communication competency. Describes the rationale for creating a communication laboratory, curricula and…

Ellis, Kathleen; Shockley-Zalabak, Pamela; Hackman, Michael Z.

2000-01-01

308

The Contemporary Relevance of Communication Research: Using "Communication Currents" in the Communication Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to describe a rationale and strategies for use of the National Communication Association's online magazine, "Communication Currents", in the undergraduate communication curriculum. "Communication Currents" features essays that translate current scholarship published in NCA journals, making the research "understandable…

Waldeck, Jennifer H.

2008-01-01

309

The U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Summary Posters: A GIS-based Education and Communication Product for Presenting Consolidated Post-Earthquake Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake Summary Posters (ESP's), a new product of the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Program, are produced at the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) in Golden. The posters consist of rapidly-generated, GIS-based maps made following significant earthquakes worldwide (typically M>7.0, or events of significant media/public interest). ESP's consolidate, in an attractive map format, a large-scale epicentral map, several auxiliary regional overviews (showing tectonic and geographical setting, seismic history, seismic hazard, and earthquake effects), depth sections (as appropriate), a table of regional earthquakes, and a summary of the reional seismic history and tectonics. The immediate availability of the latter text summaries has been facilitated by the availability of Rapid, Accurate Tectonic Summaries (RATS) produced at NEIC and posted on the web following significant events. The rapid production of ESP's has been facilitated by generating, during the past two years, regional templates for tectonic areas around the world by organizing the necessary spatially-referenced data for the map base and the thematic layers that overlay the base. These GIS databases enable scripted Arc Macro Language (AML) production of routine elements of the maps (for example background seismicity, tectonic features, and probabilistic hazard maps). However, other elements of the maps are earthquake-specific and are produced manually to reflect new data, earthquake effects, and special characteristics. By the end of this year, approximately 85% of the Earth's seismic zones will be covered for generating future ESP's. During the past year, 13 posters were completed, comparable to the yearly average expected for significant earthquakes. Each year, all ESPs will be published on a CD in PDF format as an Open-File Report. In addition, each is linked to the special event earthquake pages on the USGS Earthquake Program web site (http://earthquake.usgs.gov). Although three formats are generated, the poster-size format is the most popular for display, outreach, and use as a working map for project scientists (JPEG format for web; PDF for download, editing, and printing) whereas the other (smaller) formats are suitable for briefing packages. We will soon make both GIS and PDF files of individual elements of the posters available online. ESP's provide an unprecedented opportunity for college earth-science faculty to take advantage of current events for timely lessons in global tectonics. They are also invaluable to communicate with the media and with government officials. ESP's will be used as a vehicle to present other products now under development under the auspices of NEIC and the ANSS, including rapid finite-fault models, global predictive ShakeMaps, "Did You Feel It?", and Rapid Assessments of Global Earthquakes (RAGE, Earle and others, this meeting).

Tarr, A.; Benz, H.; Earle, P.; Wald, D. J.

2003-12-01

310

Development of a low-latency scalar communication routine on message-passing architectures  

SciTech Connect

One of the most significant advances in computer systems over the past decade is parallel processing. To be scalable to a large number of processing nodes and to be able to support multiple levels and forms of parallelism and its flexible use, new parallel machines have to be multicomputer architectures that have general networking support and extremely low internode communication latencies. The performance of a program when ported to a parallel machine is limited mainly by the internode communication latencies of the machine. Therefore, the best parallel applications are those that seldom require communications which must be routed through the nodes. Thus the ratio of computation time to that of communication time is what determines, to a large extent, the performance metrics of an algorithm. The cost of synchronization and load imbalance appear secondary to that of the time required for internode communication and I/O, for communication intensive applications. This thesis is organized in chapters. The first chapter deals with the communication strategies in various message-passing computers. A taxonomy of inter-node communication strategies is presented in the second chapter and a comparison of the strategies in some existing machines is done. The implementation of communication in nCUBE Vertex O.S is explained in the third chapter. The fourth chapter deals with the communication routines in the Vertex O.S, and the last chapter explains the development and implementation of the scalar communication call. Finally some conclusions are presented.

Pai, R.

1994-01-11

311

Multimodal communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Communication is understood in the entire domain of a humans' input output facilities. The idea of language consisting of a combination of audio, visual, and other modalities in perception and being produced with a combination of vocal, hand, and other physical gestures is explored. Issues of feedback, control and definition of language structures are considered. It is hypothesized that the multi modal communication inside virtual spaces will augment and/or replace former communication forms. A rough prototype system is presented for communication between individuals in multiple modalities. The prototype system consists of glove monitored gesture input and graphics workstations along with auditory communication. While two people talk they add meaning on the visual display with images and movement. Applications and future development of multimodal communication is discussed based on technology currently available. The ultimate communications channel would allow for all the transmitters neural patterns (not just vocal, face and hand motion) to be mapped onto all the receivers sensory neurons (sight, touch, hearing, smell, etc.) Multimodal high bandwidth information transfer will facilitate all communication within our civilization through higher accuracy, greater speed, and deepened meaning.

Tolman, Kenneth.

1993-01-01

312

strategy_template  

Cancer.gov

179 APPENDIX A Strategy Statement/Creative Brief Template 1. Intended audiences Whom do you want to reach with your communication? Be specific. 2. Objectives What do you want your intended audiences to do after they hear, watch, or experience this communication? 3.

313

Learning Communication for Multi-agent Systems  

E-print Network

agents on tasks with little environmental communication, and that more complex communication strategiesLearning Communication for Multi-agent Systems C. Lee Giles1,2 and Kam-Chuen Jim2 1 School@research.nj.nec.com Abstract. We analyze a general model of multi-agent communication in which all agents communicate

Giles, C. Lee

314

The Role of Organization-wide Meetings in the Communicative Practice of Strategy: The Creation of Organizational Unity and Commitment, or Tension and Paradoxes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall purpose of this article is to raise our understanding of strategic communication defined as communication of strategic goals (Hallahan et al., 2007). Applying a discourse analytical approach, we empirically investigated how employees interpret and relate to management information concerning strategic goals. Inspired by Lewis (2000), the empirical analysis focuses on the disparate discursive positions expressed in interviews with

Helle Kryger Aggerholm; Christa Thomsen

2012-01-01

315

Communication Channels Communication Channels  

E-print Network

Communication Channels 1/79 #12;Communication Channels Channel c is described by message script Mc extended natural variable 2/79 #12;Communication Channels Channel c is described by message script Mc extended natural variable 3/79 #12;Communication Channels Channel c is described by message script Mc

Hehner, Eric C.R.

316

Communicating with Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the institutional context of financial issues and related communication enhances the effectiveness of student affairs administrators within their areas of responsibility and as leaders of change on campus. This chapter focuses on key aspects of developing a comprehensive communication strategy.

Eldridge, Jonathan; Mason, Tisa

2010-01-01

317

A new finite element strategy is presented for solving large-scale three-dimensional and realistic structural geology simulations considering the rheological behavior of the rocks. Special coding techniques and data structures provide the  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT A new finite element strategy is presented for solving large-scale three standard finite element solution techniques. INTRODUCTION The finite element method is recognized literature has some few hundreds of works using finite elements in numerical modeling, a small amount of them

Coutinho, Alvaro L. G. A.

318

BioEd Online: Presentations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The resources for biology teachers offered by BioEd Online are uniformly excellent, and this particular section of their website is no exception to that trend. Designed specifically for teachers, this site contains dozens of presentations that can be adopted for use in a variety of classroom settings. Users of the site can explore a list of topics and featured presentation materials, which include "The Cell: Cloning," "Diversity of Life: Introduction to Human Behavior," and "The Human Organism: Influenza Vaccination." That's far from all however, as the site also has interactive lesson demonstrations, lab techniques, and teaching strategies. Equally important for instructors is the "Seeking a Teaching Position," which includes presentations like "So You Want to Teach?" and "High Stakes Communication: Interviewing for a Teaching Position."

2008-04-23

319

15.279 Management Communication for Undergraduates, Spring 2005  

E-print Network

This is a required seminar for Management Science majors to develop the writing, speaking, teamwork, and interpersonal communication skills necessary for managers. Students learn communication principles, strategies, and ...

Breslow, Lori

320

15.279 Management Communication for Undergraduates, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

Required seminar for Management Science majors to develop the writing, speaking, teamwork, and interpersonal communication skills necessary for managers. Students learn communication principles, strategies, and methods ...

Breslow, Lori

321

Presentations: Giving Effective Presentations  

E-print Network

; o Capture attention of visual learners; o Increase the audience's retention of your presentation? Anecdotes? Visual aids? Statistics? Examples? THE OPENING Prepare this only after forming and organizing

322

Transmission Communication  

E-print Network

ELEC3028 Digital Transmission -- MODEM S Chen Digital Communication System . Purpose: communicate Communication System (continue) . A pair of transmitter (coder, modulator) and receiver (demodulator, decoder) is called transceiver . Information theory provides us basic communication theory for communication system

Chen, Sheng

323

Teaching Paraeducators to Support the Communication of Young Children with Complex Communication Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paraeducators are frequent communication partners for young children with complex communication needs (CCN) in early childhood settings. This study examined the impact of instruction to paraeducators in two communication interaction strategies (IPLAN [Identify activities for communication, Provide means for communication, Locate and provide…

Douglas, Sarah N.; Light, Janice C.; McNaughton, David B.

2013-01-01

324

COMMUNICATIONS ANNEX B -COMMUNICATIONS  

E-print Network

communications amongst emergency responders. The Annex is written in support of the Texas A&M University (TAMU and interoperable communications systems are essential to obtain the most complete information during emergency During emergency operations, the ICP or the CEOC, if activated, will serve as the communications center

325

The risk communication challenges of mass animal destruction.  

PubMed

Mass animal destruction strategies present a major risk communication challenge. While mass culling, stamping out, and depopulation may be scientifically and economically justified during emergency response to exotic disease incursions and eradication programmes, their use may be limited in the future due to public concerns over animal welfare, environmental contamination and unintended social consequences. To address this dilemma, official veterinary services must move from unidirectional communications strategies to active engagement of all potentially affected stakeholders. Case studies of recent disease outbreaks demonstrate the critical role that communications play in influencing public reaction to disease management strategies. An evaluation of these case studies provides support for the implementation of risk communication best practices: incorporating risk communications into the policy-development process, conducting pre-event planning, fostering partnerships with the public, collaborating with credible sources, meeting the needs of the media, listening to and addressing public concerns, communicating with compassion and empathy, demonstrating honesty and openness, acknowledging uncertainty and providing messages that give people meaningful things to do. Implementing the risk communication best practices requires veterinary services to move from a more technocratic approach to a participatory model where the potentially affected public play an active role in risk assessment and policy making. PMID:20411519

Hueston, William D

2007-01-01

326

Communication Methods What is Communication?  

E-print Network

1 Communication Methods What is Communication? Communication involves sharing ideas, information, sounds or images. Communicating over a distance requires three stages: encoding, transmission language, used quipus to communicate numeric information. A quipu was a method of encoding numbers

Simonson, Shai

327

Check the Box that Best Describes You: Reflexively Managing Theory and Praxis in LGBTQ Health Communication Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intersections between identity and health communication are complex and dynamic, yet few studies employ a critical–empirical research strategy to understand how these factors affect patient experiences. And although other disciplines have examined lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and queer (LGBTQ)-specific issues surrounding identity and health care, there is a gap in communication studies literature on the topic. The present study

Elizabeth S. Goins; Danee Pye

2012-01-01

328

Teaching Deaf-Blind People to Communicate and Interact with the Public: Critical Issues for Travelers Who Are Deaf-Blind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Travelers with dual sensory losses present the rehabilitation professional with additional tasks and responsibilities that expand the instructional curriculum. Effective instruction in rehabilitation and orientation and mobility includes teaching strategies and tools for dealing with unfamiliar people through "communication" (conveying…

Bourquin, Eugene; Sauerburger, Dona

2005-01-01

329

Strategies for Supporting the Sensory-Based Learner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevention of behavioral problems in school settings is essential. When the function of behavior communicates a sensory-based need, as it does for many learners with autism, teachers need to know what to do. Therefore, it is important for teachers to have varied strategies available for use in the support of such learners. The authors present

Murray, Mary; Baker, Pamela Hudson; Murray-Slutsky, Carolyn; Paris, Betty

2009-01-01

330

Key Elements of a Successful Drive toward Marketing Strategy Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual model is presented that depicts the relationship between an internal marketing function and an organization's readiness to learn. Learning and marketing orientations are identified as components to marketing strategy making. Key organizational functions, including communication and decision-making, are utilized in a framework for…

Cann, Cynthia W.; George, Marie A.

2003-01-01

331

Communicating Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are in an era of rapidly changing communication media, which is driving a major evolution in the modes of communicating science. In the past, a mainstay of scientific communication in popular media was through science “translators”; science journalists and presenters. These have now nearly disappeared and are being replaced by widespread dissemination through, e.g., the internet, blogs, YouTube and journalists who often have little scientific background and sharp deadlines. Thus, scientists are required to assume increasing responsibility for translating their scientific findings and calibrating their communications to non-technical audiences, a task for which they are often ill prepared, especially when it comes to controversial societal issues such as tobacco, evolution, and most recently climate change (Oreskes and Conway 2010). Such issues have been politicized and hi-jacked by ideological belief systems to such an extent that constructive dialogue is often impossible. Many scientists are excellent communicators, to their peers. But this requires careful attention to detail and logical explanation, open acknowledgement of uncertainties, and dispassionate delivery. These qualities become liabilities when communicating to a non-scientific audience where entertainment, attention grabbing, 15 second sound bites, and self assuredness reign (e.g. Olson 2009). Here we report on a program initiated by NCAR and UCAR to develop new approaches to science communication and to equip present and future scientists with the requisite skills. If we start from a sound scientific finding with general scientific consensus, such as the warming of the planet by greenhouse gases, then the primary emphasis moves from the “science” to the “art” of communication. The art cannot have free reign, however, as there remains a strong requirement for objectivity, honesty, consistency, and above all a resistance to advocating particular policy positions. Targeting audience attitudes and beliefs, which studies such as the Six Americas research help identify, is key to effective science communications (e.g. Leiserowitz, Maibach, et al, 2009). We argue that the impact of the scientific message can be substantially improved by targeting it to these additional factors. This does require an understanding of the audience and a repackaging of the message to different societal groups. Logical and dispassionate presentation of evidence works for a target scientific audience, but major decisions from the policy to the personal level are influenced by many factors including immediacy, economics, culture, community leaders, emotional framing, and ideological filters.

Holland, G. J.; McCaffrey, M. S.; Kiehl, J. T.; Schmidt, C.

2010-12-01

332

Enhanced presentation of MHC class Ia, Ib and class II-restricted peptides encapsulated in biodegradable nanoparticles: a promising strategy for tumor immunotherapy  

PubMed Central

Background Many peptide-based cancer vaccines have been tested in clinical trials with a limited success, mostly due to difficulties associated with peptide stability and delivery, resulting in inefficient antigen presentation. Therefore, the development of suitable and efficient vaccine carrier systems remains a major challenge. Methods To address this issue, we have engineered polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles incorporating: (i) two MHC class I-restricted clinically-relevant peptides, (ii) a MHC class II-binding peptide, and (iii) a non-classical MHC class I-binding peptide. We formulated the nanoparticles utilizing a double emulsion-solvent evaporation technique and characterized their surface morphology, size, zeta potential and peptide content. We also loaded human and murine dendritic cells (DC) with the peptide-containing nanoparticles and determined their ability to present the encapsulated peptide antigens and to induce tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in vitro. Results We confirmed that the nanoparticles are not toxic to either mouse or human dendritic cells, and do not have any effect on the DC maturation. We also demonstrated a significantly enhanced presentation of the encapsulated peptides upon internalization of the nanoparticles by DC, and confirmed that the improved peptide presentation is actually associated with more efficient generation of peptide-specific CTL and T helper cell responses. Conclusion Encapsulating antigens in PLGA nanoparticles offers unique advantages such as higher efficiency of antigen loading, prolonged presentation of the antigens, prevention of peptide degradation, specific targeting of antigens to antigen presenting cells, improved shelf life of the antigens, and easy scale up for pharmaceutical production. Therefore, these findings are highly significant to the development of synthetic vaccines, and the induction of CTL for adoptive immunotherapy. PMID:21450109

2011-01-01

333

Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Health literacy is a relatively new concept in health pro- motion. It is a composite term to describe a range of out- comes to health education and communication activities. From this perspective, health education is directed towards improving health literacy. This paper identifies the failings of past educational programs to address social and eco- nomic determinants of health, and

DON NUTBEAM

2006-01-01

334

Strategies for Foreign Language Teaching: Communication, Technology, Culture. Report of the Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (Chicago, Illinois, April 26-28, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 13 selected papers included in this conference report are: "Achieving Curriculum Fit for That 'Horrible' Second Year" (Lorraine A. Strasheim); "Project Partnership: French Culture and Language in the Elementary School" (Susan Turner); "A Middle School Exploratory Course" (Kay Thorp); "Creative and Communicative Achievement Testing" (Barbara…

Westphal, Patricia B., Ed.; And Others

335

Communication Aimed at Changing Cognitions about Sexual Intimidation: Comparing the Impact of a Perpetrator-Focused Versus a Victim-Focused Persuasive Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of a campaign-related video aimed at discouraging various forms of sexual intimidation. Results based on 198 students revealed several Communication x Sex interactions, suggesting that certain messages may inadvertently foster boys' positive evaluations of macho behavior, strengthening their ideas that coerced sex can be…

Winkel, Frans Willem; De Kleuver, Esther

1997-01-01

336

Communications protocol  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention relates to an improved communications protocol which increases the efficiency of transmission in return channels on a multi-channel slotted Alohas system by incorporating advanced error correction algorithms, selective retransmission protocols and the use of reserved channels to satisfy the retransmission requests.

Zhou, Xiaoming (Inventor); Baras, John S. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

337

Planning Environmental Communication and Education: Lessons from Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents the activities of the Asian Ministries for the Environment and government ministries relations with non-government organizations concerning planning environmental communication and education. This publication provides information on policies and strategies from a workshop organized by IUCN, UNEP, and UNESCO in Bangkok in July,…

Saeed, Seema, Ed.; Goldstein, Wendy, Ed.; Shrestha, Ram, Ed.

338

Satellite communication - A review of experiences and possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scope of a multinational conference is presented regarding satellite communication. Specific attention is given to available satellite service, development and planning strategies, new applications for satellite networks, and technological growth in both space- and land-based systems. The use of leased transponders, digitalization, and different signal treatment systems are considered, and the problems associated with the 11-14 GHz range are

Francisco Gomez Alamillo

1990-01-01

339

Selected health and management issues facing working donkeys presented for veterinary treatment in rural Mexico: some possible risk factors and potential intervention strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The examination of 216 donkeys presented for treatment at the Donkey Sanctuary–World Horse Welfare–Universidad Nacional Autonoma\\u000a de Mexico mobile clinics revealed a number of health and welfare problems. A general overview of the donkeys’ health was made\\u000a and showed that the median body condition score (BCS) in this population was 2.5. Underweight animals only accounted for 26%\\u000a of the population.

Faith A. Burden; Nicole Du Toit; Mariano Hernandez-Gil; Omar Prado-Ortiz; Andrew F. Trawford

2010-01-01

340

University of Cincinnati Social Media Strategy SITUATION ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

university communications strategy. Use social media to share top web content created by university units of university social media communicators. OVERALL STRATEGY To coordinate and strengthen the university's social media efforts and to incorporate social media as an integral part of an overall communications strategy

Papautsky, Ian

341

Changing Health Behaviors to Improve Health Outcomes after Angioplasty: A Randomized Trial of Net Present Value versus Future Value Risk Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patients who have undergone angioplasty experience difficulty modifying at-risk behaviors for subsequent cardiac events. The purpose of this study was to test whether an innovative approach to framing of risk, based on "net present value" economic theory, would be more effective in behavioral intervention than the standard "future value approach"…

Charlson, M. E.; Peterson, J. C.; Boutin-Foster, C.; Briggs, W. M.; Ogedegbe, G. G.; McCulloch, C. E.; Hollenberg, J.; Wong, C.; Allegrante, J. P.

2008-01-01

342

The confidence of speech-language pathology students regarding communicating with people with aphasia  

PubMed Central

Background Aphasia is an acquired language disorder that can present a significant barrier to patient involvement in healthcare decisions. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are viewed as experts in the field of communication. However, many SLP students do not receive practical training in techniques to communicate with people with aphasia (PWA) until they encounter PWA during clinical education placements. Methods This study investigated the confidence and knowledge of SLP students in communicating with PWA prior to clinical placements using a customised questionnaire. Confidence in communicating with people with aphasia was assessed using a 100-point visual analogue scale. Linear, and logistic, regressions were used to examine the association between confidence and age, as well as confidence and course type (graduate-entry masters or undergraduate), respectively. Knowledge of strategies to assist communication with PWA was examined by asking respondents to list specific strategies that could assist communication with PWA. Results SLP students were not confident with the prospect of communicating with PWA; reporting a median 29-points (inter-quartile range 17–47) on the visual analogue confidence scale. Only, four (8.2%) of respondents rated their confidence greater than 55 (out of 100). Regression analyses indicated no relationship existed between confidence and students‘ age (p?=?0.31, r-squared?=?0.02), or confidence and course type (p?=?0.22, pseudo r-squared?=?0.03). Students displayed limited knowledge about communication strategies. Thematic analysis of strategies revealed four overarching themes; Physical, Verbal Communication, Visual Information and Environmental Changes. While most students identified potential use of resources (such as images and written information), fewer students identified strategies to alter their verbal communication (such as reduced speech rate). Conclusions SLP students who had received aphasia related theoretical coursework, but not commenced clinical placements with PWA, were not confident in their ability to communicate with PWA. Students may benefit from an educational intervention or curriculum modification to incorporate practical training in effective strategies to communicate with PWA, before they encounter PWA in clinical settings. Ensuring students have confidence and knowledge of potential communication strategies to assist communication with PWA may allow them to focus their learning experiences in more specific clinical domains, such as clinical reasoning, rather than building foundation interpersonal communication skills. PMID:23806028

2013-01-01

343

Motion synchronization in unmanned aircrafts formation control with communication delays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes a formation control strategy for unmanned aircrafts using a virtual structure. Cross coupled sliding mode controllers are introduced to cope with uncertainties in the attitude measurement systems of the unmanned aircrafts and unmeasurable bounded external disturbances such as wind effects, and also to provide motion synchronization in the multi-agent system. This motion synchronization strategy improves the agents convergence to their desired positions, and this is useful for a multi-agent system with faulty agents. Moreover, the proposed motion synchronization strategy is not restricted to specific communication topologies, and sufficient conditions are provided to guarantee the multi-agent system stability in the presence of communication delays. Numerical simulations are presented for a team of five unmanned aircrafts to make a pentagon formation and confirm the accepted performance of the proposed control strategy.

Rezaee, Hamed; Abdollahi, Farzaneh

2013-03-01

344

Interviewing patients using interpreters in an oncology setting: initial evaluation of a communication skills module | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

The authors developed a communication skills training module for health professionals who work with professional translators in interviewing patients. The module combines didactic presentation of information and group role-play exercises in which trained medical interpreters help trainees communicate with bilingual patients. The module stresses communication strategies, including optimal seating arrangements that strengthen the clinician-patient relationship and de-emphasize interpreter-patient and interpreter-clinician interactions.

345

Developments in Human Communication  

E-print Network

CMST 1B03 Developments in Human Communication: Part & Present Amanda Etches-Johnson Mills Research in Human Communication Session Outline 1. Finding Books Using MORRIS 2. Finding Journal Articles using: Developments in Human Communication What is MORRIS anyway? · MORRIS is McMaster's library catalogue · Shows

Haykin, Simon

346

Communication in Fungi  

PubMed Central

We will discuss fungal communication in the context of fundamental biological functions including mating, growth, morphogenesis, and the regulation of fungal virulence determinants. We will address intraspecies but also interkingdom signaling by systematically discussing the sender of the message, the molecular message, and receiver. Analyzing communication shows the close coevolution of fungi with organisms present in their environment giving insights into multispecies communication. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying microbial communication will promote our understanding of the “fungal communicome.” PMID:21961006

Cottier, Fabien; Muhlschlegel, Fritz A.

2012-01-01

347

IEPLC Framework, Automated Communication in a Heterogeneous Control System Environment  

E-print Network

In CERN accelerators control system several components are essential such as: Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), PCI Extensions for Instrumentation (PXI), and other micro-controller families. Together with their weaknesses and their strength points they typically present custom communication protocols and it is therefore difficult to federate them into the control system using a single communication strategy. Furthermore this dependency to the physical device interfaces and protocols makes most of the code not reusable and the replacement of old technology a difficult problem. The purpose of IEPLC ([1]) is to mitigate the communication issues given by this heterogeneity; it proposes a framework to define communication interfaces in a hardware independent manner. In addition it automatically generates all the resources needed on master side (typically represented by a FEC: Front-End Computer) and slave side (typically represented by the controller) to implement a common and generic Ethernet communication. Th...

Locci, F

2014-01-01

348

Coping Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coping with the high cost of teaching chemistry, content of organic chemistry, instructional strategies, and approaches in dealing with the changing student population (urban blacks/hispanics, handicapped, and other nontraditional students) are among the topics discussed in 19 papers presented at the Seventh Biennial Conference on Chemical…

Journal of Chemical Education, 1983

1983-01-01

349

Global Flush Communication Primitive Communication  

E-print Network

Global Flush Communication Primitive Communication for Inter-process Ashwani Gahlot Mohan Ahuja IBM Carlson The Ohio State University Columbus, Abstract We propose a global flush communication prim- itive, Asynchronous distributed systwns, Distributed algorithm, Group communication, Global flush, Termination

Carlson, Timothy J.

350

National Observer Program Communications and Outreach  

E-print Network

National Observer Program Communications and Outreach Strategy October 2006 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service Office.1 Developing an Observer Program Outreach Strategy......................................... 5 2.2 National

351

Strategic Aspects of Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rarely do human behavioral scientists and scholars study language, music, and other forms of communication as strategies—a means to some end. Some even deny that communication is the primary function of these phenomena. Here we draw upon selections of our earlier work to briefly define the strategy concept and sketch how decision theory, developed to explain the behavior of rational actors, is applied to evolved agents. Communication can then be interpreted as a strategy that advances the "fitness interests" of such agents. When this perspective is applied to agents with conflicts of interest, deception emerges as an important aspect of communication. We briefly review costly signaling, one solution to the problem of honest communication among agents with conflicts of interest. We also explore the subversion of cooperative signals by parasites and by plants defending themselves against herbivores, and we touch on biases in human gossip. Experiments with artificial embodied and communicating agents confirm that when there are conflicts of interest among agents, deception readily evolves. Finally, we consider signaling among super-organisms and the possible implications for understanding human music and language.

Hagen, Edward; Hammerstein, Peter; Hess, Nicole

352

Analyzing Communication Latency using the Nectar Communication Processor  

E-print Network

Analyzing Communication Latency using the Nectar Communication Processor Peter Steenkiste School. In this paper we present an analysis of communication latency using measurement of the Nectar system. Nectar, buffer management and protocol processing contribute to the communication latency and we discuss how

Steenkiste, Peter

353

Presenting A Strategy for Indefinite Integration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general method is given for determining an efficient problem-solving process for a given type problem. An application of the method is then described in an experiment involving teaching indefinite integration. (MP)

Schoenfeld, Alan H.

1978-01-01

354

Communicating actionable nutrition messages: challenges and opportunities.  

PubMed

As long as health communications have existed in the USA, Americans have faced the task of sorting the agenda of the source from the advice it provides. That task has become more complicated as advances in the science of nutrition and the technology used to present it have heightened the complexity of nutrition communications. Getting consumers to adopt a healthier diet has been a protracted undertaking with limited successes along the way. The obesity epidemic has added urgency to this discourse: not only do we need to eat better, but most of us also need to eat less. This paper reviews the dynamics that have made the communication of accurate and actionable health behaviour information an ongoing challenge, and outlines strategies for moving ahead. It considers the interplay of four sets of factors: the evolutionary nature of the science on which recommendations are based; the many sources of communication about that science; the agendas or motivations of each source; and finally the multifaceted nature of consumers, the recipients of these communications. Communication alone has not been, and will not be, sufficient for consumers to adopt the behavioural changes endorsed by experts. Broad environmental interventions coupled with individual skills development will need to be part of the process. Ultimately, it is the consumer who decides what is for dinner. Media literacy will play a critical role in building consumer efficacy in sorting fact from fiction in order to select food for a healthful diet. PMID:21208498

Goldberg, Jeanne P; Sliwa, Sarah A

2011-02-01

355

Online Courses: WCS: Conservation Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While part of conservation is based in science, a large portion of conservation relies on people and their actions. This course will help participants define and create an effective conservation communication strategy on an issue of their choice. Particip

1900-01-01

356

Radio's Role in Development: Five Strategies of Use. Information Bulletin Number Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Radio has several advantages which give it great potential for improving living conditions in the rural areas of developing countries. It is the most universal mass communication medium and is presently able to support effective, low-cost local development programs. At present, the five most effective utilization strategies are the following: 1)…

McAnany, Emile G.

357

The communication challenges presented by nanofoods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanotechnology has the potential to lead to healthier, safer and better tasting foods, and improved food packaging, but the hesitation of the food industry and public fears in some countries about tampering with nature may be holding back the introduction of nanofoods.

Duncan, Timothy V.

2011-11-01

358

INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION  

E-print Network

TOOLS FOR INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION Joan Crowley Laurence Steinman June 24, 2014 #12;What is Communication? #12;What is Communication? - a process by which information is exchanged between individuals with communication is the illusion that it has taken place. � George Bernard Shaw #12;LANGUAGE When communicating

Di Pillo, Gianni

359

Communicating Geomorphology. JGHE Annual Lecture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication strategies emphasize concerns for "content" (what is said) and "process" (the way things are said). Scientists have a responsibility to communicate the findings of their research, enhancing prospects that their insights can meaningfully inform management practice. When used effectively, principles from geomorphology provide critical…

Brierley, Gary

2009-01-01

360

Public Relations: The Route to Success and Influence. Public Relations for Your Library: A Tool for Effective Communications; Tooting Your Own Horn: Web-Based Public Relations for the School Media Specialist; Bookmarks as a Teaching Tool; Customers and Culture: The Who and What of Library Public Relations Efforts; Strategies for Successful Job Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special section includes five articles that discuss public relations strategies for school librarians. Highlights include effective communication, including measuring and evaluating the success of public relations efforts; Web-based public relations; giving bookmarks to students; customers and cultural contexts; and successful job…

Lyon, Linda; Silverstein, Roberta; Fisher, Julieta Dias; Hill, Ann; Hegel, Claudette; Miller, Donna; Moyer, Mary

2002-01-01

361

Internships in speech communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a survey of communication internships indicate that the internship is developing into an important instructional strategy. Benefits to the student, university, and sponsoring organization are described, and the reactions of forty two interns at three universities are summarized.

Cal W. Downs; Paul Harper; Gary Hunt

1976-01-01

362

Written Communication in an Online Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students are entering a workforce that demands competency in writing both for explicit communication through e-mail as well as in products in the company's day-to-day dealings. Strategies for teaching students to communicate in writing have been evaluated extensively in a face-to-face environment. Many of those successful strategies have been…

Schmidt Moore, Michele

2009-01-01

363

Information communication  

E-print Network

Codes November 30, 2005 Erasure Channels 1 . In many practical communication systems, information, HDTV and in communication with Voyager, Gallileo and other space satellites. Luby Transform (LT) Codes

Roweis, Sam

364

Underground mine communications: a survey  

SciTech Connect

After a recent series of unfortunate underground mining disasters, the vital importance of communications for underground mining is underlined one more time. Establishing reliable communication is a very difficult task for underground mining due to the extreme environmental conditions. Until now, no single communication system exists which can solve all of the problems and difficulties encountered in underground mine communications. However, combining research with previous experiences might help existing systems improve, if not completely solve all of the problems. In this survey, underground mine communication is investigated. Major issues which underground mine communication systems must take into account are discussed. Communication types, methods, and their significance are presented.

Yarkan, S.; Guzelgoz, S.; Arslan, H.; Murphy, R.R. [University of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States)

2009-07-01

365

Learning Oral Presentation Skills  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Oral presentation skills are central to physician-physician communication; however, little is known about how these skills are learned. Rhetoric is a social science which studies communication in terms of context and explores the action of language on knowledge, attitudes, and values. It has not previously been applied to medical discourse. We used rhetorical principles to qualitatively study how students learn oral presentation skills and what professional values are communicated in this process. DESIGN Descriptive study. SETTING Inpatient general medicine service in a university-affiliated public hospital. PARTICIPANTS Twelve third-year medical students during their internal medicine clerkship and 14 teachers. MEASUREMENTS One-hundred sixty hours of ethnographic observation. including 73 oral presentations on rounds. Discoursed-based interviews of 8 students and 10 teachers. Data were qualitatively analyzed to uncover recurrent patterns of communication. MAIN RESULTS Students and teachers had different perceptions of the purpose of oral presentation, and this was reflected in performance. Students described and conducted the presentation as a rule-based, data-storage activity governed by “order” and “structure.” Teachers approached the presentation as a flexible means of “communication” and a method for “constructing” the details of a case into a diagnostic or therapeutic plan. Although most teachers viewed oral presentations rhetorically (sensitive to context), most feedback that students received was implicit and acontextual, with little guidance provided for determining relevant content. This led to dysfunctional generalizations by students, sometimes resulting in worse communication skills (e.g., comment “be brief” resulted in reading faster rather than editing) and unintended value acquisition (e.g., request for less social history interpreted as social history never relevant). CONCLUSIONS Students learn oral presentation by trial and error rather than through teaching of an explicit rhetorical model. This may delay development of effective communication skills and result in acquisition of unintended professional values. Teaching and learning of oral presentation skills may be improved by emphasizing that context determines content and by making explicit the tacit rules of presentation. PMID:11359549

Haber, Richard J; Lingard, Lorelei A

2001-01-01

366

Learning styles and technical communication: improving communication and teamwork skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a rationale and methods for teaching Kolb learning style theory in the technical communication classroom. Specifically, the author presents Kolb learning style theory and examples of applying it in two different courses, a technical communication course for engineering majors and a combined chemical engineering lab\\/technical communication course. In these courses, students use learning style theory to devise

Julie E. Sharp

1998-01-01

367

Communicative Competence of Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the communicative competence of 30 learning disabled and 30 non-learning disabled children (ages 9 to 13) in both referential and semistructured dyadic communication tasks. The use of both instructional strategies influenced the quality of subjects' verbal communicative interactions. (Author/DB)

Mathinos, Debra A.

1988-01-01

368

DSN Ground Communications Facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A functional description of the Ground Communications Facility (GCF) and its relationships with other elements of the Deep Space Network and the NASA Communications Network is presented together with development objectives and goals and comments on implementation activities in support of flight projects. The voice, teletype, high speed data, wideband data, monitor and control, data records, network log processor, and network communications equipment subsystems are individually examined.

Evans, R. H.

1980-10-01

369

Communication avoiding successive band reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The running time of an algorithm depends on both arithmetic and communication (i.e., data movement) costs, and the relative costs of communication are growing over time. In this work, we present both theoretical and practical results for tridiagonalizing a symmetric band matrix: we present an algorithm that asymptotically reduces communication, and we show that it indeed performs well in practice.

Grey Ballard; James Demmel; Nicholas Knight

2012-01-01

370

Transracial Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores and explains communication among different racial groups within the scope of existing communication theory. Following a brief introduction, chapters cover "Directions in Transracial Communication" (definitions, process, structurization, and purpose); "Culture and Transracial Communication" (a viewpoint on culture, time, family,…

Smith, Arthur L.

371

Managing the Right Projects: Best Practices to Align Project and Corporate Strategies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

If there's a human endeavor that exemplifies teamwork, it is space exploration. And that teamwork absolutely cannot happen effectively if the boots on the ground the people doing the work - don't understand how their work aligns with the larger goal. This presentation will discuss some best management practices from NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center that have succeeded in helping employees become informed, engaged and committed to the space agency's important missions. Specific topics include: Alignment Criteria: Linking Projects To Corporate Strategy. Resource Management: Best Practices For Resource Management. Strategic Analysis: Supporting Decision Making In A Changing Environment. Communication Strategies: Best Practices To Communicate Change. Benefits Achieved And Lessons Learned.

Watkins, Bobby

2012-01-01

372

Reading Strategies or Comprehension Monitoring Strategies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to probe the relationship between reading strategies and comprehension monitoring strategies and how they function to help readers in comprehension process, the present study utilizes think-aloud and retrospective verbal reports to examine 20 EFL readers' performances in reading texts. The results reveal that the engagement of reading…

Yang, Yu-Fen

2006-01-01

373

Wireless Communications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wireless communications is an industry that is growing at an incredible rate. Cellular phones are the most obvious example of this trend; it is hard to go anywhere without seeing someone using one. Rapidly advancing technologies and lower prices are making this all possible. At the current pace, there seems to be no limit to what is possible in the wireless industry.To learn about the events that led up to present day wireless communications, this site offers a very informative history of telecommunications (1) that goes all the way back to the time of carrier pigeons. A good introduction to wireless networking can be found in this mini-tutorial (2). The best parts of this tutorial are the discussions of many recent wireless developments and technologies. There are a few interactive games and activities that are supposed to be instructive and entertaining, but some of them can be annoying. For the more technically savvy user, the third site (3) starts by describing many of the principles that drive current wireless systems. The second part examines the technologies that will be used in future generations of services. To build on this material, the third generation mobile communications systems (3G) is the central topic at 3G Newsroom (4), providing breaking news about the development of 3G technology. Additionally, the site has an excellent introduction to 3G, including its applications and specifications. One of the advancements that is paving the way toward 3G is Bluetooth, which is explained in great detail here (5). This technology is capable of very high data transfer rates, but there are some limitations, which are all discussed in the articles on the site. Although Bluetooth is raising plenty of interest, this recent news story (6) is creating more than its share of debate. It outlines a very controversial move by the FCC to allow the use of ultrawideband technology in commercial wireless applications. The author explains in simple terms why there are so many concerns about something that could revolutionize wireless systems. The evolution of the global system for mobile communications (GSM) is traced at GSM World (7). Here users can learn about the roots of the wireless industry as well as what is in store for the future. A special section addresses health concerns associated with mobile phone use. Radio was one of the earliest form of wireless communication, and the Invention of Radio (8) documents the people and events that made it what it is today. The stories of such famous scientists and inventors as Marconi, DeForest, and Armstrong are told in brief accounts, and there is even a link to the well known War of the Worlds radio broadcast.

Leske, Cavin.

2002-01-01

374

Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Track  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a teaching strategy, playing mathematical games can foster communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. Fraction Track is an interactive two-person version of a game that engages players in thinking about equivalent fractions. Although presented here as an online game, it can easily be adapted to a paper version for the classroom. Links from this page go to the role of the teacher and to the role of student communication in using games as an instructional tool.

Nctm

2000-01-01

375

Dimensions of Nonverbal Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief description of the dimensions of nonverbal communication, this booklet presents 21 activities that deal with nonverbal communication. Activities in the booklet involve body movements (kinesics), facial expressions, eye movements, perception and use of space (proxemics), haptics (touch), paralinguistics (vocal elements that accompany…

Overmier, Mary; And Others

376

mass communication advertising &  

E-print Network

by writing a graduate professional project that is based on their courses and internship in London. · Losmass communication advertising & public relations introduction. Graduate programs in the Department in the communication industry. Classes, internships, site visits, and presentations by top professionals offer students

Finzi, Adrien

377

Desert Storm communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of the communication network that supported Operation Desert Storm is presented. The system, which maintained a 98% availability rate, supported 700000 telephone calls and 152000 messages per day. More than 30000 radio frequencies were managed to provide necessary connectivity and to ensure minimum interference. The roles of communications satellites, switched networks and terrestrial systems, and packet-switched networks and

J. S. Toma

1992-01-01

378

Mindreading and Verbal Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I illustrate how children's mentalizing abilities interface with both implicit and explicit aspects of communication. I use two examples to make this point. First, I argue that some understanding that other people have mental states which can be affected by communication is present already in infancy. I show that this early sensitivity to intentionality is responsible for

Anna Papafragou

2002-01-01

379

Communication-Avoiding Parallel Strassen: Implementation and Performance  

E-print Network

Communication-Avoiding Parallel Strassen: Implementation and Performance Benjamin Lipshitz, Grey algorithms and achieved only modest speedups. In [3], we present a new Communication-Avoiding Parallel multiplication (SPAA '12) that minimizes communication: it communicates asymptotically less than all classical

California at Berkeley, University of

380

Night Shift: Ideas and Strategies for Homework. Pathfinder 20. A CILT Series for Language Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of ideas and strategies for homework assignments that can be stimulating and useful to second language learners are presented. Underlying principles are that homework can: give control; develop confidence; promote creativity; support differentiation by task and outcome; encourage pupil independence; support parent-school communication;…

Buckland, David; Short, Mike

381

Free Space Laser Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation concerns the use of Laser communication for deep space applications. The presentation reviews the problems with electromagnetic beams and then the advantages and disadvantages of the use of optical communication. The presentation then reviews some of the spacecraft technology with pictures of some of the devices. The ground reception systems and the simplified link calculation are also reviewed. Recent and planned demonstration projects are also reviewed.

Lesh, James

2000-01-01

382

Divestiture: strategy's missing link.  

PubMed

Although most companies dedicate considerable time and attention to acquiring and creating businesses, few devote much effort to divestitures. But regularly divesting businesses--even good, healthy ones--ensures that remaining units reach their potential and that the overall company grows stronger. Drawing on extensive research into corporate performance over the last decade, McKinsey consultants Lee Dranikoff, Tim Koller, and Antoon Schneider show that an active divestiture strategy is essential to a corporation's long-term health and profitability. In particular, they say that companies that actively manage their businesses through acquisitions and divestitures create substantially more shareholder value than those that passively hold on to their businesses. Therefore, companies should avoid making divestitures only in response to pressure and instead make them part of a well-thought-out strategy. This article presents a five-step process for doing just that: prepare the organization, identify the best candidates for divestiture, execute the best deal, communicate the decision, and create new businesses. As the fifth step suggests, divestiture is not an end in itself. Rather, it is a means to a larger end: building a company that can grow and prosper over the long haul. Wise executives divest so that they can create new businesses and expand existing ones. All of the funds, management time, and support-function capacity that a divestiture frees up should therefore be reinvested in creating shareholder value. In some cases, this will mean returning money to shareholders. But more likely than not, it will mean investing in attractive growth opportunities. In companies as in the marketplace, creation and destruction go hand in hand; neither flourishes without the other. PMID:12024760

Dranikoff, Lee; Koller, Tim; Schneider, Antoon

2002-05-01

383

Over the Horizon: Potential Impact of Emerging Trends in Information and Communication Technology on Disability Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy paper explores key trends in information and communication technology, highlights the potential opportunities and problems these trends present for people with disabilities, and suggests some strategies to maximize opportunities and avoid potential problems and barriers. Specifically, this paper discusses technology trends that present

Vanderheiden, Gregg

2006-01-01

384

Mass Media and Marketing Communication Promoting Primary and Secondary Cancer Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

People often seek and receive cancer information from mass media (including television, radio, print media, and the Internet), and marketing strategies often inform cancer information needs assessment, message development, and channel selection. In this article, we present the discussion of a 2-hour working group convened for a cancer communications workshop held at the 2008 Society of Behavioral Medicine meeting in

Peggy Hannon; Gareth P. Lloyd; K. Viswanath; Tenbroeck Smith; Karen Basen-Engquist; Sally W. Vernon; Gina Turner; Bradford W. Hesse; Corinne Crammer; Christian von Wagner; Cathy L. Backinger

2009-01-01

385

Technical communicators beware: the next generation of high-tech recruiting methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an overview of how the Internet has changed the way employers advertise vacancies and the way technical communicators search and apply for these openings. First, I explore the evolution of how employers have used the internet as a tool for identifying the best candidate for the job. Next, I review seven specific online recruiting strategies used by

ROGER MUNGER

2002-01-01

386

College of Communication and Information COM Communication  

E-print Network

.Itisalsodesignedtoimprovecommunicationskillswithandamong physicians, nurses, and allied health professionals. COM 312 LEARNING INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION THROUGHCollege of Communication and Information COM Communication KEY: # = new course * = course changed TO COMMUNICATIONS. (3) Anintroductiontotheprocessofcommunicationasacriticalelementinhumaninteractionandinsociety

MacAdam, Keith

387

OP-TEC Presentations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from OP-TEC, the National Center for Optics and Photonics Education, contains a list of presentations given by OP-TEC at various conferences. Presentation topics include Improving Technician Education through E-materials and Innovative Online Teaching Strategies, Improving Technician Education through E-Books and E-Learning, and Enhancing High School Academic Programs by Infusing Photonics. A pdf of the presenter's slides are provided.

2011-10-11

388

Teaching Speech Communication from a Critical Thinking Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching speech communication from a critical thinking perspective involves specific instructional approaches and strategies. And the perspective can be applied to "survey courses" such as communication theory, rhetorical theory, nonverbal communication, and organizational communication theory. When a student engages in an internal or…

O'Neill, Daniel J.

389

Inter-Cultural Communication: A Foundation of Communicative Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a model of inter-cultural communication that enumerates and structures latent factors affecting such communication and elaborates on the process of self-reflection as a guiding mechanism of successful communication. Design/methodology/approach: The five factors and various moderators that are…

Vuckovic, Aleksandra

2008-01-01

390

Socioeconomic impacts of alternative strategies  

SciTech Connect

This portion of the Energy Vision 2020 draft report discusses the socioeconomic impacts of the alternative strategies listed in the previous section and describes the methodology used to calculate how these strategies affect economic development. The results of the analysis for each strategy are presented in terms of changes in income and employment compared with a base case reference or `no action` strategy.

NONE

1995-10-01

391

Better Communication Through Collaboration: Lessons Learned from a New Model of Science Communication Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Direct, effective communication with the public is an increasingly important part of the earth scientist's professional toolkit. Earth sciences issues, including climate change, ocean acidification, energy extraction and use and geological hazard assessment, are increasingly relevant to public debates, yet recent, dramatic changes in the media business have led to decreased coverage of science. Earth scientists must increasingly shoulder the burden of informing the broad public themselves, and in collaboration with professional communicators. Fortunately, the tools and venues needed to do so have never been more accessible. This presentation will describe a new model of science communication education, based on bringing together collaborating teams of students with diverse backgrounds in the sciences, engineering and journalism. The project-based approach uses group workshopping and multiple rounds of peer- and instructor-guided revision to leverage diverse expertise and facilitate both primary knowledge gain and comprehensive, effective and meaningful training and experience in audience-focused outreach, media interaction, and journalism. Courses build from fundamental communications theory to the end goal of publication in professional outlets. Course goals are regularly enhanced and reinforced with internships and individual study projects. Using examples from a series of courses and projects developed at Stanford University over the past three years, I will describe the theory and strategies underlying this new approach to science communication education, what it has to offer for scientists and journalists alike, and key points to consider for effective implementation. I will also show how combining the knowledge, expertise and experience of STEM and journalism students can inform a new model of science journalism, based on exploring and communicating the process of science, not just the results, that can avoid many of the common pitfalls of science journalism. I will present a preliminary assessment of outcomes from three courses at Stanford - environmental communications, environmental journalism and multimedia storytelling for earth scientists - including publications, retrospective post assessment of student abilities and attitudes, and ongoing application of course goals in professional and/or educational settings.

Hayden, T.

2011-12-01

392

An Exploration of the Role of Theories in Communication for Guiding Practitioners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies four types of theory and their potential roles in communications for guiding teachers; delineates generic characteristics of theories and their implications for such communications; and suggests strategies for communicating theories in guides for practice. (MCG)

Harris, Ilene B.

1985-01-01

393

Goal-Oriented Communication: A CBO Technique with High Management Payback.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses communication by objectives, a strategy that extends management by objectives techniques into the area of communication to strengthen ties between decision making and decision communicating. Discusses its classroom application. (FL)

Myrsiades, Linda S.

1984-01-01

394

Data communications  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to recommend regulatory guidance for reviewers examining computer communication systems used in nuclear power plants. The recommendations cover three areas important to these communications systems: system design, communication protocols, and communication media. The first area, system design, considers three aspects of system design--questions about architecture, specific risky design elements or omissions to look for in designs being reviewed, and recommendations for multiplexed data communication systems used in safety systems. The second area reviews pertinent aspects of communication protocol design and makes recommendations for newly designed protocols or the selection of existing protocols for safety system, information display, and non-safety control system use. The third area covers communication media selection, which differs significantly from traditional wire and cable. The recommendations for communication media extend or enhance the concerns of published IEEE standards about three subjects: data rate, imported hazards and maintainability.

Preckshot, G.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1993-08-01

395

Chemical Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A concise lesson about chemical communication in insects covering both semio and info chemicals. The site includes a short video of grape root borer moths using sex pheromone. Further links on the take the user to visual and auditory communication.

0002-11-30

396

Lightwave Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes simple and inexpensive labs for introducing students to fiber optic communications. Students investigate light as a carrier wave; look into the difficulties associated with "light" communication; and learn about modulation, optical fibers, and critical angles. (PR)

Rheam, Harry

1993-01-01

397

Information communication  

E-print Network

Codes November 22, 2006 Erasure Channels 1 . In many practical communication systems, information, HDTV and in communication with Voyager, Galileo and other space satellites. Luby Transform (LT) Codes 5

Roweis, Sam

398

Transmission communication  

E-print Network

communication system . MODEM functions . Channel has finite bandwidth and introduces noise: two main factors communication, this lecture we will again go through pulse shaping and Tx/Rx filter pair, but in more depth

Chen, Sheng

399

Transactions COMMUNICATION  

E-print Network

Dalton Transactions COMMUNICATION Cite this: Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 879 Received 19th July 2012 In this communication, we report the synthesis, characterization, and electrochemistry of a 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1H

Govindjee

400

fundamental communication  

E-print Network

of communication is that of reproducing at one point either exactly or approximately a message selected at another of communication'' founded the field of information theory. It contained two theorems that we will discuss

Shor, Peter W.

401

Avoiding Teacher Burnout in Evaluating Business Communication Assignments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests 17 strategies for avoiding teacher burnout in evaluating business communication assignments (since grading appears to be one of the most overwhelming and frustrating aspects of teaching business communications). (SR)

Goddard, M. Lee

1990-01-01

402

Health Communications: Nursing Education for Increased Visibility and Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve the visibility of nurses in mass media, health communications content should be integrated into nursing education. Nurses equipped with advanced communication skills, media expertise and teaching strategies can empower the profession to influence the health care environment. (SK)

Chaffee, Mary

2000-01-01

403

FDIR Strategy Validation with the B Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a formation flying satellite system, the FDIR strategy (Failure Detection, Isolation and Recovery) is paramount. When a failure occurs, satellites should be able to take appropriate reconfiguration actions to obtain the best possible results given the failure, ranging from avoiding satellite-to-satellite collision to continuing the mission without disturbance if possible. To achieve this goal, each satellite in the formation has an implemented FDIR strategy that governs how it detects failures (from tests or by deduction) and how it reacts (reconfiguration using redundant equipments, avoidance manoeuvres, etc.). The goal is to protect the satellites first and the mission as much as possible. In a project initiated by the CNES, ClearSy experiments the B Method to validate the FDIR strategies developed by Thales Alenia Space, of the inter satellite positioning and communication devices that will be used for the SIMBOL-X (2 satellite configuration) and the PEGASE (3 satellite configuration) missions and potentially for other missions afterward. These radio frequency metrology sensor devices provide satellite positioning and inter satellite communication in formation flying. This article presents the results of this experience.

Sabatier, D.; Dellandrea, B.; Chemouil, D.

2008-08-01

404

Communication Prsentation  

E-print Network

Communication et mobilité version du 2 janvier 2003 -- 20 : 07 #12; 1 Présentation du problème (lambda­calcul) Un des problèmes clés aujourd'hui est celui de la communication et de la mobilité. Cours de sémantique --- automne 2002 #12; 3 Communication Il faut décrire les communications. #### #### d

Lescanne, Pierre

405

Algorithms for Supporting Compiled Communication  

E-print Network

algorithms used in E­SUIF. We further demonstrate the effectiveness of compiled communication on all­ opticalAlgorithms for Supporting Compiled Communication Xin Yuan Rami Melhem Rajiv Gupta Dept. We present an experimental compiler, E­SUIF, that supports compiled communication for High

Yuan, Xin

406

Algorithms for Supporting Compiled Communication #  

E-print Network

Algorithms for Supporting Compiled Communication # Xin Yuan + Rami Melhem Rajiv Gupta Dept) network. We present an experimental compiler, E--SUIF, that supports compiled communication for High algorithms used in E--SUIF. We further demonstrate the e#ectiveness of compiled communication on all

Gupta, Rajiv

407

Crises Communication Systems at UCAR  

E-print Network

Crises Communication Systems at UCAR Presented to the UCAR Board of Trustees- Audit and Finance Committee By Stephen Sadler, UCAR Director Safety and Site Services #12;Types of Crises Communication or Program Emergency · Natural Event · Political #12;Communication Issues During A Crises · May occur during

408

Communication systems for load management  

SciTech Connect

Load management and distribution automation schemes of electric utilities require an extensive, reliable and economical communication system. Several communication technologies have been investigated, tested and employed to optimize these schemes. This paper examines these communication techniques, discusses advantages and disadvantages of each with a special emphasis on power line carrier system (PLC), and finally presents recommendations and suggests areas for future research.

Sherif, Y.S.; Zahir, S.S.

1985-12-01

409

Sources of variability in human communicative skills.  

PubMed

When established communication systems cannot be used, people rapidly create novel systems to modify the mental state of another agent according to their intentions. However, there are dramatic inter-individual differences in the implementation of this human competence for communicative innovation. Here we characterize psychological sources of inter-individual variability in the ability to build a shared communication system from scratch. We consider two potential sources of variability in communicative skills. Cognitive traits of two individuals could independently influence their joint ability to establish a communication system. Another possibility is that the overlap between those individual traits influences the communicative performance of a dyad. We assess these possibilities by quantifying the relationship between cognitive traits and behavior of communicating dyads. Cognitive traits were assessed with psychometric scores quantifying cooperative attitudes and fluid intelligence. Competence for implementing successful communicative innovations was assessed by using a non-verbal communicative task. Individual capacities influence communicative success when communicative innovations are generated. Dyadic similarities and individual traits modulate the type of communicative strategy chosen. The ability to establish novel communicative actions was influenced by a combination of the communicator's ability to understand intentions and the addressee's ability to recognize patterns. Communicative pairs with comparable systemizing abilities or behavioral inhibition were more likely to explore the search space of possible communicative strategies by systematically adding new communicative behaviors to those already available. No individual psychometric measure seemed predominantly responsible for communicative success. These findings support the notion that the human ability for fast communicative innovations represents a special type of complex collaborative activity. PMID:23189048

Volman, Inge; Noordzij, Matthijs L; Toni, Ivan

2012-01-01

410

Sources of variability in human communicative skills  

PubMed Central

When established communication systems cannot be used, people rapidly create novel systems to modify the mental state of another agent according to their intentions. However, there are dramatic inter-individual differences in the implementation of this human competence for communicative innovation. Here we characterize psychological sources of inter-individual variability in the ability to build a shared communication system from scratch. We consider two potential sources of variability in communicative skills. Cognitive traits of two individuals could independently influence their joint ability to establish a communication system. Another possibility is that the overlap between those individual traits influences the communicative performance of a dyad. We assess these possibilities by quantifying the relationship between cognitive traits and behavior of communicating dyads. Cognitive traits were assessed with psychometric scores quantifying cooperative attitudes and fluid intelligence. Competence for implementing successful communicative innovations was assessed by using a non-verbal communicative task. Individual capacities influence communicative success when communicative innovations are generated. Dyadic similarities and individual traits modulate the type of communicative strategy chosen. The ability to establish novel communicative actions was influenced by a combination of the communicator's ability to understand intentions and the addressee's ability to recognize patterns. Communicative pairs with comparable systemizing abilities or behavioral inhibition were more likely to explore the search space of possible communicative strategies by systematically adding new communicative behaviors to those already available. No individual psychometric measure seemed predominantly responsible for communicative success. These findings support the notion that the human ability for fast communicative innovations represents a special type of complex collaborative activity. PMID:23189048

Volman, Inge; Noordzij, Matthijs L.; Toni, Ivan

2012-01-01

411

Communication Speaks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author recently turned her attention to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) "Principles and Standards," she was startled to see communication as key. She adjusted her teaching to meet the NCTM Communication Standard and promote communication in her classroom by providing a safe environment, developing discourse and…

Kinman, Robin Lynn

2010-01-01

412

Communication Telecommunications  

E-print Network

A Random Matrix Model of Communication Through Antenna Arrays Ralf R. M uller Vienna Research receiver channel transmitter R. M uller: A Random Matrix Model of Communication Through Antenna Arrays c Matrix Model of Communication Through Antenna Arrays c ftw. 2000 #12; I. Channel Model 4 Proposed Model

Müller, Ralf R.

413

Communication Performance  

E-print Network

A Random Matrix Model for Communication via Antenna Arrays Ralf R. M uller 1. Motivation 2 of Low{Complexity Receivers #12; I. Motivation 2 Information Theory of Communications encoder decoder for Communication via Antenna Arrays c ftw. 2001 #12; I. Motivation 3 Shannon vs. Moore time #15; bandwidth

Müller, Ralf R.

414

transmitted, communication  

E-print Network

basic issues: Part I How data frames can be reliably transmitted, and Part II How a shared communication medium can be accessed . In many networks, such as an LAN, communication medium is shared. So you first communication channel can be accessed, and how a data frame can be reliably transmitted -- Network: describes

Chen, Sheng

415

fundamental communication  

E-print Network

of all networks, and we will first revisit some of fundamental limits imposed on communication media a brief review of a variety of transmission media . Communication networks can be classified as switched, for physically realisable, a communication system need some extra bandwidth specified typically by a roll

Chen, Sheng

416

Integration of marketing communications in historical development: informational content analysis of websites and magazine advertisements in Australia.  

E-print Network

??It has taken advertisers many years to develop integrated advertising communication strategies that could incorporate many or all traditional marketing communication channels that developed separately,… (more)

Baron, Michael

2008-01-01

417

Communication, Communication, Communication! Growth through Laboratory Instructing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined gains undergraduate students made in their communication and collaboration skills when they served as peer teachers, i.e., laboratory instructors (LIs), for a General Psychology laboratory. Self-ratings of communication and collaboration skills were completed before and after teaching the laboratory. When compared to before the…

Peterson, Jamie J.; DeAngelo, Samantha; Mack, Nancy; Thompson, Claudia; Cooper, Jennifer; Sesma, Arturo, Jr.

2014-01-01

418

Task Force Report 4. Report of the Task Force on Marketing and Communications  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND To ensure the success of the proposed New Model of family medicine and to create a better understanding of the nature and role of family medicine, an effective communications plan must be developed and implemented. This Future of Family Medicine task force report proposes strategies for communicating the role of family physicians within medicine, as well as to purchasers, consumers, and other entities. METHODS After reviewing the findings from the research conducted for the Future of Family Medicine project, the task force presents a preliminary brand-positioning strategy for family medicine messages. Based on this strategy, the task force identifies 5 major audiences to which family medicine communications should be directed. A consistent method was used to determine optimum strategies to address each audience: defining the audience, assessing the literature and other pertinent evidence, identifying the communication objectives, determining the key messages, developing brand promises, and proposing strategies and tactics to support the messages and objectives. Preliminary communications plans are then presented for each of the 5 target audiences. MAJOR FINDINGS It is important that the organizations involved in family medicine make a multiyear commitment of resources to implement and support an aggressive communications strategy, which is based on key messages to target audiences. A concerted effort is particularly needed to address the declining interest among medical students in the specialty. Implementing a comprehensive family medicine career development program may be one effective strategy to reverse this trend. To help eliminate the current confusion among the public regarding family medicine and to promote clarity and consistency in terminology, the specialty should replace the name family practice with family medicine and a new graphic symbol for the discipline of family medicine should be developed. CONCLUSION As a discipline, family medicine has failed to formulate and deliver a compelling message. New communications strategies must be implemented that will reach audiences in terms they understand and care about and in ways that convey a sense of the exciting role family physicians will play in the future. By actively implementing the communications plans described in this report, the specialty can enhance the impact and help ensure the widespread implementation of the proposed New Model of family medicine.

Dickinson, John C.; Evans, Kenneth L.; Carter, Jan; Burke, Kevin

2004-01-01

419

Communication is the key  

PubMed Central

All forms of communication between human beings have long been recognized as a requirement for reciprocal understanding, transfer of knowledge, and productive development of societies. This also applies to living cells who are organized in «microsocieties» that constantly adjust to their environment through a complex network of signaling pathways. The chemical communication which occurs at various levels results in an integrated exchange of information that is essential for coordinated responses. We wish to present a few features of Cell Communication and Signaling: an open access, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of manuscripts covering all aspects of cell communication, with a particular focus on molecular processes that govern intercellular signaling and events that sustain cellular communication, both in normal and pathological conditions. The launching of Cell Communication and Signaling provides us the opportunity to present a brief overview of basic processes underlying cell communication and the signaling processes that take place within and between cells to permit an efficient communication. PMID:14613520

Perbal, Bernard

2003-01-01

420

Space flight operations communications phraseology and techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communications are a critical link in space flight operations. Specific communications phraseology and techniques have been developed to allow rapid and clear transfer of information. Communications will be clear and brief through the use of procedural words and phrases. Communications protocols standardize the required information transferred. The voicing of letters and numbers is discussed. The protocols used in air-to-ground communications are given. A glossary of communications terminology is presented in the appendix.

Noneman, S. R.

1986-01-01

421

Delivery presentations  

MedlinePLUS

... for the delivery progress. If the presenting part lies above the ischial spines, the station is reported ... number is a centimeter). If the presenting part lies below the ischial spines, the station is reported ...

422

Satellite communication antenna technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview of current technology in the field of communication satellite antennas is presented. Among the topics discussed are: the design of multiple beam systems; frequency reuse; and polarization control of antenna measurements. Consideration is also given to: contour beam synthesis; dual shaped reflector synthesis; beam shaping; and offset reflector design. The applications of the above technologies to present and future generations of communications satellites is considered, with emphasis given to such systems as: the Intelsats; the Defense Satellite Communications System, (DSCS-III); Satellite Business System (SBS), and Comstar.

Mittra, R. (editor); Imbriale, W. A. (editor); Maanders, E. J. (editor)

1983-01-01

423

Hostile Work Environment: What Communication Administrators and Educators Can Learn from Communication-based Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a consideration of sexual harassment laws that are intended to underscore the variety of heuristic possibilities offered by inquiry into communication-based laws, for both communication administrators and educators. Concludes that communication administration, communication education, and evolving communication-based legal standards and…

Newburger, Craig

2001-01-01

424

Commentary on ''Toxicity testing in the 21st century: a vision and a strategy'': stem cells and cell-cell communication as fundamental targets in assessing the potential toxicity of chemicals.  

PubMed

Faced with the reality of our current methods of drug discovery and toxicity assessment of all chemicals is less than perfect, the Report, ''Toxicity Testing in the 21( st) Century: A Vision and a Strategy'', posed a reality check on all scientific efforts to find new conceptual and technical approaches for being better predictors of potential human health effects. This Commentary is a challenge to both the current paradigms and techniques to test chemicals for their potential toxicities. While, clearly, our scientific understanding of the mechanisms of chemical-induced toxicity and of the pathogeneses of all human diseases are not complete, the state of scientific understanding seems not only sufficient to know what we are now doing is not sufficient, but that it is adequate enough to make a new paradigm and technological change. Basically, the challenge includes the opinion that human exposure to chemicals, that are associated with one or more health endpoints (birth defects, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, reproductive and neurological dysfunctions), is the result of epigenetic , not mutagenic or genotoxic, mechanisms. In addition, it is postulated that the adult human stem cell should be considered the ''target'' cell for the important chemical-induced health effects. To test this hypothesis that altering the quantity and quality of adult stem cells by chemical exposures during in utero, neonatal, adolescent, adult and geriatric phases of life can lead to health consequences, it is recommended that 3-D in vitro cultures be used on male and female human adult stem cells from a few major organs (e.g., heart, brain, liver, lung, kidney, breast, prostate ). Altered stem cell biology (e.g., increase or decrease in the stem cell numbers in specific organs; altered apoptotic and differentiation frequencies), as well as measured cell-cell communication, should be seriously considered as toxicity endpoints. PMID:20061464

Trosko, James E

2010-01-01

425

Perioperative communication.  

PubMed

This article has raised the issue of effective communication within the perioperative setting. There are many methods for sending information from one person to another. Most important in effective communication is the clarity of the message and how practitioners check that the recipient understands the intended point. If key aspects in the communication process are not fully understood or utilised, then we subject our patient and our colleagues to potential risk. If poor communication causes untoward and unacceptable consequences then the perioperative practitioner will be accountable for their actions in law and to their regulatory body. The responsibility of effective communication lies with the individual practitioner first and foremost. To prevent poor communication taking place, they should ensure that they have the correct skills to communicate effectively, be that by listening, reflecting on experiences or writing. PMID:19753889

Smith, Brian; Jones, Chris

2009-08-01

426

VIDEO PRESENTATION AND COMPRESSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter we first presents various video representations and formats. Then, an overview of video compression techniques is given. Two standards and related techniques are described and evaluated - px64 Kbps (or H.261\\/H.263) standard for video-based communications and MPEG standard for intensive applications of full-motion video. Both standards use the combination of DCT-based intraframe compression and predictive interframe coding based

Borko Furht; Raymond Westwater

427

The chief strategy officer.  

PubMed

They're nominally and ultimately responsible for strategy, but today's CEOs have less and less time to devote to it. As a result, CEOs are appointing "chief strategy officers"--executives specifically tasked with creating, communicating, executing, and sustaining a company's strategic initiatives. In this article, three authors from Accenture share the results of their research on this emerging organizational role. The typical CSO or top strategy executive is not a pure strategist, conducting long-range planning in relative isolation. Most CSOs consider themselves doers first, with the mandate, credentials, and desire to act as well as advise. They are seasoned executives with a strong strategy orientation who have usually worn many operations hats before taking on the role. Strategy executives are charged with three critical jobs that together form the very definition of strategy execution. First, they must clarify the company's strategy for themselves and for every business unit and function, ensuring that all employees understand the details of the strategic plan and how their work connects to corporate goals. Second, CSOs must drive immediate change. The focus of the job almost always quickly evolves from creating shared alignment around a vision to riding herd on the ensuing change effort. Finally, a CSO must drive decision making that sustains organizational change. He or she must be that person who, in the CEO's stead, can walk into any office and test whether the decisions being made are aligned with the strategy and are creating the desired results. When decisions below the executive suite aren't being made in accordance with strategy, much of the CSO's job involves learning why and quickly determining whether to stay the course or change tack. PMID:17972497

Breene, R Timothy S; Nunes, Paul F; Shill, Walter E

2007-10-01

428

Portrait: Generating Personal Presentations James Fogarty  

E-print Network

as important tools in the professional workplace has created changes in how we communicate. One such change in professional interpersonal communication. While such media are often more convenient and cost-effective than of communication. With current technology, including rich personal presentations in messages is still cumbersome

Fogarty, James A.

429

Oil spill: Legal strategies block ecology communications  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the constraints on biologists conducting research into the effects of the Exxon oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska. These has been much secrecy surrounding results of studies made by scientists representing Exxon and the U.S. government because of upcoming litigation. However, both sides have agreed to share information about cleanup and mitigation efforts.

Turner, M.H.

1990-04-01

430

Fire Weather Forecasting: Clear Communications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The âFire Weather Forecasting: Clear Communicationsâ distance learning module offers best practices for Fire Weather Forecasters needing to communicate weather information when deployed in the field. The 30-minute module defines strategies for communicating with Weather Forecast Offices and with customers. Examples include writing a useful fire weather forecast discussion and undertaking proper planning to quickly and accurately disseminate information. This distance learning module is part of the Advanced Fire Weather Forecasters Course.

Comet

2008-03-05

431

Strategies used to assess student learning include direct measures such as examinations, case studies, research papers, presentations, assignments, and projects including mock job interviews and counseling sessions. In FOS4041 Food Science an oral researc  

E-print Network

-step nutrition care process for disease prevention and treatment, and assess the student's ability to locate demonstrates effective communication skills when students work as part of a team. A capstone Business Plan project in DIE4125 Management of Food and Nutrition Services II assesses the ability of students

Asaithambi, Asai

432

A communication-theory based view on telemedical communication.  

PubMed

Communication theory based analysis sheds new light on the use of health telematics. This analysis of structures in electronic medical communication shows communicative structures with special features. Current and evolving telemedical applications are analyzed. The methodology of communicational theory (focusing on linguistic pragmatics) is used to compare it with its conventional counterpart. The semiotic model, the roles of partners, the respective message and their relation are discussed. Channels, sender, addressee, and other structural roles are analyzed for different types of electronic medical communication. The communicative processes are shown as mutual, rational action towards a common goal. The types of communication/texts are analyzed in general. Furthermore the basic communicative structures of medical education via internet are presented with their special features. The analysis shows that electronic medical communication has special features compared to everyday communication: A third participant role often is involved: the patient. Messages often are addressed to an unspecified partner or to an unspecified partner within a group. Addressing in this case is (at least partially) role-based. Communication and message often directly (rather than indirectly) influence actions of the participants. Communication often is heavily regulated including legal implications like liability, and more. The conclusion from the analysis is that the development of telemedical applications so far did not sufficiently take communicative structures into consideration. Based on these results recommendations for future developments of telemedical applications/services are given. PMID:15537236

Schall, Thomas; Roeckelein, Wolfgang; Mohr, Markus; Kampshoff, Joerg; Lange, Tim; Nerlich, Michael

2003-01-01

433

Effective Presentations  

PubMed Central

Where the purpose of presentations is to inform, effective delivery is important to ensure that audiences receive the educational message. We offer six suggestions: introduce the topic in an interesting way; speak loudly enough; do not read; involve the audience actively; respect the attention span of the audience; and limit the amount of content. We conclude that the skills of live public presentation can be learned, but that the art of presentation is innate. Imagesp2063-ap2064-a PMID:21233951

Spooner, H. James; Swanson, Richard W.

1990-01-01

434

Communication network survivability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A communication network is composed of communication links and processing nodes. The effective design of a survivable communication network requires a means of determining the structural connectivity of the network both as a whole and with respect to individual resources: links and nodes. In this thesis we represent the connectivity evaluation from two perspectives. The first pertains to considerations applicable to the design schema of the network, and the second deals with an improvement of connectivity in an existing network. We then present and analyze a practical synthetic approach to a communications network's survivability profile by using the example of SACS (the Saudi Arabian Communication System). Finally, we evaluate the difference between the theoretical and practical approaches to survivability.

Soliman, Al-Amro

1991-03-01

435

Poster Presentation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To prepare their presentations students do background reading on a topic of their choosing. They are required to prepare a visual poster presentation of their topic that incorporates graphic elements and a short written summary of their topic. In class students are required to give a five minute oral presentation using their poster to illustrate their talk. They must then answer questions from their classmate and instructor. The final element of this assignment requires students to evaluate the work of their classmates and to ask questions about the topics other students present.

Hoppe, Kathryn

436

Presenters University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Everyone has to give presentations at some point in their career, whether they are in the field of criminal justice or animal husbandry. Fortunately for all such persons who might be experiencing presentation anxiety, there is the Presenters University website. While this âÂÂuniversityâ does not grant any honorary doctorates, they have assembled a fine selection of articles on presentation âÂÂdoâÂÂs and donâÂÂtsâÂÂ, along with a section where visitors can âÂÂAsk The Professorâ about their most vexing presentation quandaries. The most useful material on this site is contained in the âÂÂCoursesâ area. Here, visitors can read such timely pieces as âÂÂStorytelling-A Leadership Development ToolâÂÂ, âÂÂThemes in PowerPoint 2007âÂÂ, and âÂÂHow to Write and Deliver a Dynamite SpeechâÂÂ.

437

Cooperative Learning Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents essential characteristics and types of cooperative learning strategies for use in elementary social studies. Outlines exercises for forming teams and building team spirit. Points out such methods promote group interdependence and student responsibility for learning and teaching others. Highlights two cooperative group strategies, Jigsaw…

Barnes, Buckley; O'Farrell, Gail

1990-01-01

438

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: Rapid Communications Rapid Communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a general review of Superconductor Science and Technology, we have been examining the scope for Rapid Communications (RAPs). We recognize these articles make up an important part of the journal representing the latest state-of-the-art research in superconductivity. To reflect this, we have devised a new scope for this article type: 'Rapid Communications. The journal offers open access to outstanding short articles (no longer than 5 journal pages or 4500 words including figures) reporting new and timely developments in superconductivity and its applications. These articles should report very substantial new advances in superconductivity to the readers of Superconductor Science and Technology, but are not expected to meet any requirement of 'general interest'. RAPs will be processed quickly (average receipt to online publication for RAPs is around 60 days) and are permanently free to read in the electronic journal. Authors submitting a RAP should provide reasons why the work is urgent and requires rapid publication. Each RAP will be assessed for suitability by our Reviews and Rapid Communications Editor before full peer review takes place.' The essential points are: They should report very substantial new advances in superconductivity and its application; They must be no longer than 5 journal pages long (approx. 4500 words); Average publication time for a Rapid Communication is 60 days; They are free to read. As mentioned in the previous publisher's announcement (2009 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22 010101), each submitted Rapid Communication must come with a letter justifying why it should be prioritized over regular papers and will be pre-assessed by our Reviews and Rapid Communications Editor. In addition, we will work with the authors of any Rapid Communication to promote and raise the visibility of the work presented in it. We will be making further changes to the journal in the near future and we write to you accordingly. Thank you for your kind attention and I look forward to receiving your next Rapid Communication.

Miller, Tom

2009-09-01

439

An Ecological Framework for Cancer Communication: Implications for Research  

PubMed Central

The field of cancer communication has undergone a major revolution as a result of the Internet. As recently as the early 1990s, face-to-face, print, and the telephone were the dominant methods of communication between health professionals and individuals in support of the prevention and treatment of cancer. Computer-supported interactive media existed, but this usually required sophisticated computer and video platforms that limited availability. The introduction of point-and-click interfaces for the Internet dramatically improved the ability of non-expert computer users to obtain and publish information electronically on the Web. Demand for Web access has driven computer sales for the home setting and improved the availability, capability, and affordability of desktop computers. New advances in information and computing technologies will lead to similarly dramatic changes in the affordability and accessibility of computers. Computers will move from the desktop into the environment and onto the body. Computers are becoming smaller, faster, more sophisticated, more responsive, less expensive, and—essentially—ubiquitous. Computers are evolving into much more than desktop communication devices. New computers include sensing, monitoring, geospatial tracking, just-in-time knowledge presentation, and a host of other information processes. The challenge for cancer communication researchers is to acknowledge the expanded capability of the Web and to move beyond the approaches to health promotion, behavior change, and communication that emerged during an era when language- and image-based interpersonal and mass communication strategies predominated. Ecological theory has been advanced since the early 1900s to explain the highly complex relationships among individuals, society, organizations, the built and natural environments, and personal and population health and well-being. This paper provides background on ecological theory, advances an Ecological Model of Internet-Based Cancer Communication intended to broaden the vision of potential uses of the Internet for cancer communication, and provides some examples of how such a model might inform future research and development in cancer communication. PMID:15998614

Intille, Stephen S; Zabinski, Marion F

2005-01-01

440

Information Presentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew on flight vehicles, surface landers and habitats, and during extra-vehicular activities (EVA). Designers of displays and controls for exploration missions must be prepared to select the text formats, label styles, alarms, electronic procedure designs, and cursor control devices that provide for optimal crew performance on exploration tasks. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within the Information Presentation DRP are: 1) Controls, 2) Displays, 3) Procedures, and 4) EVA Operations.

Holden, Kritina; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S. G.; McCann, R. S.; Kaiser, M. K.; Begault, D. R.; Adelstein, B. D.; Beutter, B. R.; Stone, L. S.

2008-01-01

441

Strategies for Estimating Discrete Quantities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the benchmark and decomposition-recomposition estimation strategies and presents five techniques to develop students' estimation ability. Suggests situations involving quantities of candy and popcorn in which the teacher can model those strategies for the students. (MDH)

Crites, Terry W.

1993-01-01

442

Information Presentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers at Johnson Space Center and Ames Research Center.

Holden, K.L.; Boyer, J.L.; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S.G.; McCann, R.S.; Begault, D.R.; Adelstein, B.D.; Beutter, B.R.; Stone, L.S.

2009-01-01

443

Limits on classical communication from quantum entropy power inequalities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Almost all modern communication systems rely on electromagnetic fields. The additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel is often a good approximate description of such a system, and its information-carrying capacity is given by a simple formula. The quantum analogue of AWGN channels, the bosonic Gaussian noise channel, accurately describes many quantum optical communication systems of interest. Estimating its capacity is significantly more difficult; although some simple coding strategies are known, whether or not more sophisticated techniques could dramatically improve communication rates has been unknown. Here, we present strong new upper bounds for the classical capacity of bosonic Gaussian noise channels. These results imply that known coding techniques are typically close to optimal. Our main technical tool is an entropy power inequality bounding the entropy produced as two quantum signals combine at a beamsplitter. Its proof relies on a quantum diffusion process which smooths arbitrary states towards Gaussians.

König, Robert; Smith, Graeme

2013-02-01

444

Planning Strategic Communications and Outreach for the Solar Program  

SciTech Connect

Advances made through the Solar Program in photovoltaic and solar thermal technologies must be well communicated to appropriate audiences if further technical and market growth will occur. As the Program's communications team, we developed a plan to: (1) integrate communications across the various solar technologies and reduce redundancy; (2) target audiences and messages strategically; (3) respond better to changes in markets, technology perceptions, audiences, and funding; (4) develop communication projects within the context of other relevant plans (e.g., Solar Program Multi-Year Technical Plan); (5) leverage limited resources; and (6) cultivate a multiyear mentality. Our approach included profiling eight key audiences, including their perceptions of solar technologies; formulating audience-specific messages and communication objectives and strategies; and proposing communications tactics to reinforce the objectives. Presently, we are conducting a needs assessment of print products, as well as a gap analysis. We will then prioritize projects, complete high-priority projects, measure effectiveness of selected projects and the plan, and seek strategic connections with other activities and programs.

Pedigo, S.; Nahan, R.; Moon, S.; Gwinner, D.; Brooks, C.; Butler Burt, W.

2005-01-01

445

Troposphere communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The physical processes and features of troposphere radiowave propagation are reviewed, and fundamental principles for the construction of troposphere lines of communication are discussed. The technical characteristics of troposphere stations in the USA, England, France, FRG, and Japan are studied and compared. Attention is given to mobile and stationary military stations, and to stationary troposphere communication systems in the Americas, Greenland, the Caribbean islands, Asia, Africa, and Australia. Developments in troposphere communications, including the AN/TRC-170 station, are discussed.

Iakovlev, L. I.; Dediukin, G. V.; Kagramanov, E. S.; Redin, A. P.; Stuton, P. I.; Tsybulkin, L. D.

446

Communication tools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After completing this project you should be able to answer the question: How can Internet resources be used to improve communication in the classroom? There are different tools that can be used to enhance communication. As you examine each website record your findings in the Supporting communcation recording chart. Which tool did you like the best? Why? Go to the BB discussion tab and answer this question. Respond as others answer. How could it be used to foster communication? Now check ...

Nunes-Bufford, Mrs.

2010-10-27

447

MARKETING MAJOR (Integrated Marketing Communications Specialization)  

E-print Network

MARKETING MAJOR (Integrated Marketing Communications Specialization) UPPER DIVISION REQUIREMENTS 350: Management & Organizational Behavior MKT 370: Marketing Minimum grade of C required for IMC majors MGT 405: International Business Strategy & Integration or BA 404: Small Business Consulting BA 300

Ponce, V. Miguel

448

Strategic Communication in the New Media Sphere.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Government continues to seek a comprehensive, effective communication strategy through which it may project and promote American interests, policies, and objectives abroad. Many believe that the government and military have been outcommunicated s...

T. Cunningham

2010-01-01

449

Managing Your Diverse Workforce through Improved Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improved supervisor-supervisee communication will help organizations manage a diverse work force. Two strategies for improvement are management of personal growth (short term) and mentoring (long term). (Contains 28 references.) (SK)

Sadri, Golnaz; Tran, Hoa

2002-01-01

450

Secure direct communication based on secret transmitting order of particles  

SciTech Connect

We propose the schemes of quantum secure direct communication based on a secret transmitting order of particles. In these protocols, the secret transmitting order of particles ensures the security of communication, and no secret messages are leaked even if the communication is interrupted for security. This strategy of security for communication is also generalized to a quantum dialogue. It not only ensures the unconditional security but also improves the efficiency of communication.

Zhu Aidong; Zhang Shou [Center for the Condensed-Matter Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001 (China); Department of Physics, College of Science, Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin 133002 (China); Xia Yan; Fan Qiubo [Department of Physics, College of Science, Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin 133002 (China)

2006-02-15

451

Secure Direct Communication Based on Secret Transmitting Order of Particles  

E-print Network

We propose the schemes of quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) based on secret transmitting order of particles. In these protocols, the secret transmitting order of particles ensures the security of communication, and no secret messages are leaked even if the communication is interrupted for security. This strategy of security for communication is also generalized to quantum dialogue. It not only ensures the unconditional security but also improves the efficiency of communication.

Ai-Dong Zhu; Yan Xia; Qiu-Bo Fan; Shou Zhang

2006-01-18

452

Design Principles for Robust Opportunistic Communication  

E-print Network

Design Principles for Robust Opportunistic Communication S. Keshav David R. Cheriton School energy and bandwidth usage costs by exploiting transient communication opportunities. We argue that this opportunistic communication mode will play a significant role in future mobile communication systems. We present

Waterloo, University of

453

Scalable Communication Trace Compression  

SciTech Connect

Characterizing the communication behavior of parallel programs through tracing can help understand an application’s characteristics, model its performance, and predict behavior on future systems. However, lossless communication traces can get prohibitively large, causing programmers to resort to variety of other techniques. In this paper, we present a novel approach to lossless communication trace compression. We augment the sequitur compression algorithm to employ it in communication trace compression of parallel programs. We present optimizations to reduce the memory overhead, reduce size of the trace files generated, and enable compression across multiple processes in a parallel program. The evaluation shows improved compression and reduced overhead over other approaches, with up to 3 orders of magnitude improvement for the NAS MG benchmark. We also observe that, unlike existing schemes, the trace files sizes and the memory overhead incurred are less sensitive to, if not independent of, the problem size for the NAS benchmarks.

Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Agarwal, Khushbu

2010-05-17

454

Forest burning as a counterinsurgency strategy in Eastern Turkey. Paper presented at the World Congress of Kurdish Studies, organized by the Kurdish Institute of Paris and Salahaddin University, Arbil, Iraqi Kurdistan, September 6 to September 9, 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in the early 1990s, the Turkish Army was reported to use the burning of forests, fields and villages as a strategy in the conflict against the insurgent PKK. A case study of armed conflict in Tunceli, Eastern Turkey was done to evaluate this claim using satellite images for the verification of eye-witness reports collected by human rights groups. This

J. P. Jongerden; Etten van J; Vos de H

2006-01-01

455

An economic analysis of an aggressive diagnostic strategy with single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging and early exercise stress testing in emergency department patients who present with chest pain but nondiagnostic electrocardiograms: Results from a randomized trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study Objective: Conventional emergency department testing strategies for patients with chest pain often do not provide unequivocal diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes. This study was conducted to determine whether the routine use of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging at rest and early exercise stress testing to assess intermediate-risk patients with chest pain and no ECG evidence of acute

Stephen A. Stowers; Eric L. Eisenstein; Frans J. Th. Wackers; Daniel S. Berman; Joseph L. Blackshear; Arthur D. Jones; Theodore J. Szymanski; Lai Choi Lam; Tracey A. Simons; Donna Natale; Kevin A. Paige; Galen S. Wagner

2000-01-01

456

Supply chain strategy in the fashion industry: Developing a portfolio model depending on product, retail channel and brand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the results of a research project focused on supply chain (SC) strategy in the fashion\\/apparel industry ongoing at Politecnico di Milano, aiming at assessing the relevance of Supply Chain Management (SCM) approach in a context, i.e. fashion, where operations and manufacturing seem to be considered as ancillary to marketing and communications activities. Relying on theoretical developments and

Alessandro Brun; Cecilia Castelli

2008-01-01

457

Adolescents' perceptions about smoking prevention strategies: a comparison of the programmes of the American Lung Association and the Tobacco Institute  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate components of the teenage smoking prevention programmes of the American Lung Association (ALA) and the Tobacco Institute (TI). DESIGN: Group administration of written questionnaires in school. The components of the ALA's and TI's programmes were presented to students in seven strategy vignettes, covering the following topics: peer pressure\\/enhanced communication; parents as role models; health consequences of smoking;

M. DeBon; R. C. Klesges

1996-01-01

458

Image Repair Strategies, Local News Portrayals and Crisis Stage: A Case Study of Duke University's Lacrosse Team Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case analysis presented here studies Duke University's strategic use of communication to defend its image during the scandal involving its men's lacrosse team. Benoit's (1995, 1997) image repair theory is used to analyze Duke's strategy in 54 public statements, news releases, and documents. Additionally, 870 local newspaper stories about the Duke case from The News & Observer (n =

María E. Len-Ríos

2010-01-01

459

The effect of price presentation, sales restrictions, and social networks on consumer EWOM intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Word-of-mouth (WOM) is recognized as an effective communication channel among consumers. The Internet provides consumers with richer sales information and more online associates than do brick-and-mortar stores but makes complex the assessment of the shaping of electronic WOM (eWOM) intention. Thus, our research questions are as follows. (1) Do price presentation and sales restriction strategies, which are used by brick-and-mortar

LOUIS YI-SHIH LO; Sheng-Wei Lin

2010-01-01

460

LANL application communication patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief presentation describes the communication patterns used by a set of unclassified applications developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory: XNobel\\/XRAGE\\/RAGE\\/SAGE, Krak, Sweep3D, and Partisn. It mentions which processes communicate with which other processes, whether the application is typically run in a strong-scaling mode or a weak-scaling mode, what message sizes are commonly used, and how the application's performance changes

Pakiin

2011-01-01

461

LANL application communication patterns  

SciTech Connect

This brief presentation describes the communication patterns used by a set of unclassified applications developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory: XNobel/XRAGE/RAGE/SAGE, Krak, Sweep3D, and Partisn. It mentions which processes communicate with which other processes, whether the application is typically run in a strong-scaling mode or a weak-scaling mode, what message sizes are commonly used, and how the application's performance changes at scale.

Pakiin, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-10

462

Natural drinking strategies  

E-print Network

We examine the fluid mechanics of drinking in nature. We classify the drinking strategies of a broad range of creatures according to the principal forces involved, and present physical pictures for each style. Simple scaling ...

Kim, Wonjung

463

Argumentation et Communication (Argumentation and Communication).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four position papers are presented that were given during a study-week dealing with questions related to language as communication, the notion of argumentation in second language teaching methodology, and ways of introducing argumentation phenomena into the language class. The papers, representing four different positions, are the following: (1)…

Portine, Henri, Ed.

464

Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1997 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (19th, Albuquerque, NM, February 14-18, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings volume contains 57 papers. Subjects addressed include: cooperative technology education; children's learning strategies with hypermedia lessons; problem-based learning; instructional methodologies for lifelong learning; interactive television (ITV) design; theoretical bases for Human Performance Technology (HPT); use of cognitive…

Abel, Omalley, Ed.; And Others

465

Polymers Presentation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 15 page PowerPoint contains the presentation for the polymers module from Nano-Link. This lesson requires a background in eight grade science. Various details of polymers are discussed including molecular structures, cross-linked polymers, and ringed polymers. Lastly, an activity to explore cross-linked polymers is included. Visitors must complete a quick and free registration to access the materials.

2014-09-10

466

Overview Presentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report provides an overview presentation of the 2000 NPSS (Numerical Propulsion System Simulation) Review and Planning Meeting. Topics include: 1) a background of the program; 2) 1999 Industry Feedback; 3) FY00 Status, including resource distribution and major accomplishments; 4) FY01 Major Milestones; and 5) Future direction for the program. Specifically, simulation environment/production software and NPSS CORBA Security Development are discussed.

Lytle, John

2001-01-01

467

Communications spacecraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Progress in the designs and performance capabilities of communications satellites is traced from the Echo 1 Al-coated mylar balloon in 1960 to systems planned for the 1990s and beyond. The services allowed with the passive balloon concept were too limited and led to Telstar spacecraft, with 600 voice channels, being placed in elliptical orbits. Geosynchronous communications began in 1963 with

Samuel W. Fordyce

1986-01-01

468

Communication of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management depends on effective communication not only among societal domains such as authorities, experts, and the public, but also among members of any one domain. Using the example of flood management, this paper examines risk-related tasks of experts showing the collaborative nature of risk management. A review of risk communication considers modes for interaction, representation with respect to documentation,

Charlotte Kaempf

2004-01-01

469

Communications Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes types of interactive communications technologies relevant to education and discusses their current and potential uses in rural Australia. "Teleconferencing" is a generic term for interactive electronic communications. The four main types of teleconferencing--audio, audiographic, video, and computer (text)…

Lundin, Roy

470

Communicator, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CAG "Communicator" focus is on serving gifted students in California. This document consists of the four issues of "communicator" issued during 1997. Featured articles include: (1) "The Gifted Student At Risk. It Can't Be True" (Judy Roseberry); (2) "Tech Net-Technology and At-Risk Students" (Judy Lieb); (3) "Reviving Ophelia: Saving the…

Bortolussi, Vicki, Ed.

1997-01-01

471

interprocess communication  

E-print Network

�process communication . int pipe(int filedes[2]); . Linux: pipe creates a pair of file descriptors, pointing to a pipe.17 19 Client�Server Communication Using FIFOs . Writes of up to PIPE_BUF bytes are atomic � one FIFO can

Carette, Jacques

472

Superintendent Communication Patterns in Northeastern Indiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the qualitative study was to examine the communication patterns of superintendents in Northeastern Indiana. The demand for accountability, transparency, and student achievement calls for today's superintendent to increase communication strategies and support the needs of the varied stakeholders. Today's public school leaders are…

Clendening, David Earl

2009-01-01

473

Enhancing Everyday Communication for Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practical and concise, this introductory guide is filled with real-world tips and strategies for anyone working to improve the communication of children with moderate, severe, and multiple disabilities. Emphasizing the link between behavior and communication, three respected researchers transform up-to-date research and proven best practices into…

Sigafoos, Jeff; Arthur-Kelly, Michael; Butterfield, Nancy

2006-01-01

474

ENHANCING SAFETY CULTURE THROUGH EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety communication comes in varying forms including policies and procedures, performance statistics, hazard and incident reports, workplace inductions, risk assessments, and training. Effective communication mechanisms are critical to engage staff in safety activities, to gain cooperation and support, and to maintain a positive safety culture. These mechanisms need to complement the practical and technical safety strategies. Clear and constructive safety

ANGELICA M. VECCHIO-SADUS

475

Improvements in communication complexity using quantum entanglement  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1. Classical protocol for upper bound . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2. Proof of lower bound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3. Generalization of bounds to all network topologies . . 18 III GENERAL MULTI-PARTY COMMUNICATION PROBLEMS 20 A. Problem.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 II No partitioning strategy leads to a protocol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ix LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Protocol Q. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2 Communication graph for 4-bit lower bound...

Kamat, Angad Mohandas

2008-10-10

476

Communications spacecraft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress in the designs and performance capabilities of communications satellites is traced from the Echo 1 Al-coated mylar balloon in 1960 to systems planned for the 1990s and beyond. The services allowed with the passive balloon concept were too limited and led to Telstar spacecraft, with 600 voice channels, being placed in elliptical orbits. Geosynchronous communications began in 1963 with the Syncom satellite, which also carried television signals. The evolution of subsequent Intelsat and ANIK satellites is described, as are features of the Marisat, Marecs, and the DBS systems. The near-term capabilities for DBS, advanced communications satellites using TDMA techniques, and mobile communications systems are summarized, along with the NASA ACTS and MSAT-X satellites for exploring the necessary technologies. The roles the Space Station and unmanned GEO platforms will play in future satellite communications are discussed.

Fordyce, Samuel W.

477

Presentations Increase Your Presentation Confidence  

E-print Network

://learning.concordia.ca/Help/handouts/ExamAnxiety.HO/Relaxation%20Techniques.shtml and for a visualization exercise, see http://www.xprself.com/articles;Handout revised: August 12, 2009, TM RIGHT BEFORE THE PRESENTATION Have a bottle of water available (in

478

Short communication Evidence for fatal  

E-print Network

Short communication Evidence for fatal collisions and kleptoparasitism while plunge Bag 11-222, Palmerston North, New Zealand Plunge-diving is a highly successful strategy for dealing- sion between conspecifics in plunge-diving Australasian Gannets Morus serrator and Cape Gannets Morus

Stockin, Karen

479

Project Title: designindustry Communication Review  

E-print Network

their use of mixed media and, specifically, their communication strategies with the Health, Science, including its use of social media. After this review, the intern will produce a report that will validate of Excel, Powerpoint Experience, personal use of social media for example ­ LinkedIn, Facebook,Twitter, RSS

Hickman, Mark

480

Group Productivity and Telematic Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence offered by Bottger and Yetton has suggested that group performance is a function of member abilities and strategies to use them. This model completed previous ones offered by Steiner and Davis which were developed under the assumption that group communication occurs in a face-to-face situation. However, since the 1980s, a considerable amount of research has focused upon new ways

A. Zornoza; F. Prieto; C. Martií; J. M. Peiroó

1993-01-01

481

Developing IEC Strategies for Population Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a systematic and stepwise approach to the design of population information, education, and communication (IEC) strategies. Clarifies the role of IEC in population programs, details methodological steps to follow in IEC strategy development, and identifies types of research and sources of data needed. (MDH)

Cohen, Sylvie I.

1993-01-01

482

Command and Service Module Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation examines Command and Service Module (CSM) Communications. The communication system's capabilities are defined, including CSM-Earth, CSM-Lunar Module and CSM-Extravehicular crewman communications. An overview is provided for S-band communications, including data transmission and receiving rates, operating frequencies and major system components (pre-modulation processors, unified S-band electronics, S-band power amplifier and S-band antennas). Additionally, data transmission rates, operating frequencies and the capabilities of VHF communications are described. Major VHF components, including transmitters and receivers, and the VHF multiplexer and antennas are also highlighted. Finally, communications during pre-launch, ascent, in-flight and entry are discussed. Overall, the CSM communication system was rated highly by flight controllers and crew. The system was mostly autonomous for both crew and flight controllers and no major issues were encountered during flight.

Interbartolo, Michael

2009-01-01

483

Time to Reconsider Stem Cell Induction Strategies  

PubMed Central

Recent developments in stem cell research suggest that it may be time to reconsider the current focus of stem cell induction strategies. During the previous five years, approximately, the induction of pluripotency in somatic cells, i.e., the generation of so-called ‘induced pluripotent stem cells’ (iPSCs), has become the focus of ongoing research in many stem cell laboratories, because this technology promises to overcome limitations (both technical and ethical) seen in the production and use of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). A rapidly increasing number of publications suggest, however, that it is now possible to choose instead other, alternative ways of generating stem and progenitor cells bypassing pluripotency. These new strategies may offer important advantages with respect to ethics, as well as to safety considerations. The present communication discusses why these strategies may provide possibilities for an escape from the dilemma presented by pluripotent stem cells (self-organization potential, cloning by tetraploid complementation, patenting problems and tumor formation risk). PMID:24710555

Denker, Hans-Werner

2012-01-01

484

HIV and Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to plague many countries across the globe, including the United States, Africa, China and India. Children and adults have been infected with HIV, and both populations can present with communication disorders that coexist with the presence of the virus. The purpose of this paper is to present an…

McNeilly, L.G.

2005-01-01

485

Communication satellite technology trends  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A chronology of space-Earth interconnectivity is presented. The Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) system, Land Mobile Satellite, space-Earth antennas, impact of antenna size on coverage, intersatellite links are outlined. This presentation is represented by graphs and charts only.

Cuccia, Louis

1986-01-01

486

Science communication as political communication.  

PubMed

Scientific debates in modern societies often blur the lines between the science that is being debated and the political, moral, and legal implications that come with its societal applications. This manuscript traces the origins of this phenomenon to professional norms within the scientific discipline and to the nature and complexities of modern science and offers an expanded model of science communication that takes into account the political contexts in which science communication takes place. In a second step, it explores what we know from empirical work in political communication, public opinion research, and communication research about the dynamics that determine how issues are debated and attitudes are formed in political environments. Finally, it discusses how and why it will be increasingly important for science communicators to draw from these different literatures to ensure that the voice of the scientific community is heard in the broader societal debates surrounding science. PMID:25225389

Scheufele, Dietram A

2014-09-16

487

Science communication as political communication  

PubMed Central

Scientific debates in modern societies often blur the lines between the science that is being debated and the political, moral, and legal implications that come with its societal applications. This manuscript traces the origins of this phenomenon to professional norms within the scientific discipline and to the nature and complexities of modern science and offers an expanded model of science communication that takes into account the political contexts in which science communication takes place. In a second step, it explores what we know from empirical work in political communication, public opinion research, and communication research about the dynamics that determine how issues are debated and attitudes are formed in political environments. Finally, it discusses how and why it will be increasingly important for science communicators to draw from these different literatures to ensure that the voice of the scientific community is heard in the broader societal debates surrounding science. PMID:25225389

Scheufele, Dietram A.

2014-01-01

488

Implementing successful interprofessional communication opportunities in health care education: a qualitative analysis  

PubMed Central

Objectives To explore the experience of an interprofessional communication educational intervention among nursing and medical students. Methods Forty-five medical students and 50 nursing students participated in two-hour-long interprofessional communication skills education sessions with interprofessional groups of 6-8 students each. The sessions were based on the Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPSTM) curriculum. Problematic communication scenarios were presented and then reenacted by the students with role plays that depicted improvements in interprofessional communication. Afterward, narratives describing their experience were collected from a focus group interview. Using the conventional content analysis approach, key phrases and statements were coded into themes. Results The study found that students felt increased competence and confidence when responding to conflict after practicing communication in a safe environment. Based on the opportunity to come to know their colleagues, students recognized that patient safety was a shared goal. Six themes were extracted from the narratives describing their experiences: support for process, patient safety, coming to know colleague, support for tools, respectful collaboration, and barriers to communication. Conclusions TeamSTEPPSTM provided a framework for effective and respectful collaboration. A significant barrier identified by students was that these communication techniques were not consistently demonstrated during their clinical experiences. An emphasis on interprofessional communication skills and teamwork should begin in the academic setting and be reinforced in both the formal and hidden curricula.

Eggenberger, Terry L.; Belkowitz, Julia; Sarsekeyeva, Mira; Zito, Amalinnette R.

2013-01-01

489

Cancer-Related Communication, Relationship Intimacy, and Psychological Distress Among Couples Coping with Localized Prostate Cancer  

PubMed Central

Introduction The present study evaluated intimacy as a mechanism for the effects of relationship-enhancing (self-disclosure, mutual constructive communication) and relationship-compromising communication (holding back, mutual avoidance, and demand-withdraw communication) on couples' psychological distress. Methods Seventy-five men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer in the past year and their partners completed surveys about communication, intimacy, and distress. Results Multi-level models with the couple as unit of analyses indicated that the association between mutual constructive communication, mutual avoidance, and patient demand-partner withdraw and distress could be accounted for by their influence on relationship intimacy. Self-disclosure, holding back, and partner demand-patient withdraw did not mediate the associations between communication and distress. Discussion/Conclusions These findings indicate that the way in which couples talk about as well as the degree to which one or both partners avoid talking about cancer-related concerns can either facilitate or reduce relationship closeness, and that it is largely by this mechanism that these three communication strategies impact psychological distress. Implications for Cancer Survivors Relationship intimacy and how patients and partners communicate to achieve this intimacy is important for the psychological adjustment of early stage prostate cancer survivors and their partners. PMID:19967408

Manne, Sharon; Badr, Hoda; Zaider, Talia; Nelson, Christian; Kissane, David

2010-01-01

490

Wireless Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technology utilization project led to the commercial adaptation of a Space Shuttle Orbiter wireless infrared voice communications system. The technology was adapted to a LAN system by Wilton Industries, one of the participants. Because the system is cable-free, installation charges are saved, and it can be used where cable is impractical. Resultant products include the IRplex 6000. Transceivers can be located anywhere and can include mobile receivers. The system provides wireless LAN coverage up to 44,000 square feet. applications include stock exchange communications, trade shows, emergency communications, etc.

1991-01-01

491

Risk Communication: the connection between assessment and management of changing risks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Working toward effective risk mitigation strategies amidst ever-present and increasingly changing risks requires first effective communication between assessment and management spheres. This notion permeates the spectrum of what can be considered the physical changing risk inputs that feed into the risk governance processes of assessment, management and communication of risks. Close connections and overlaps between assessment and management requires communication to serve as the crux for the close collaboration necessary for encouraging preventative, long-term strategies for reducing disaster risks.1 More specifically, communication of risk information plays this connective role by informing and advising policy and decision making processes conducted by actors such as spatial planners who receive this information. In this way, those who assess the risks provide information to those who must manage these risks. When this one-directional communication pathway is reciprocated, risk managers provide information to risk assessors, enabling two-way communication amongst actors working toward risk reduction. This communication and exchange of information enables development of strategies and actions taken toward creating and improving risk mitigation measures within a given territory and community. Further, management actions taken (especially for mitigative measures) can alter the physical and social elements of the spatial context of their territory.2 This demands an adjustment of the previous risk assessment information and communication of the change in potential risk. These conceptual underpinnings are addressed and presented through explanation of an analytical framework encompassing changing risk inputs into risk governance processes. The framework elaborates the risk communication component and is supported by practical examples from stakeholder meetings and site visits in the Polish and Romania case study areas of the Marie Curie ITN, CHANGES.3 Specific examples are provided especially within the topic of mitigation through spatial planning, as one of the risk management actors using the provided risk information to implement effective measures. Results of example analysis indicate that, in Poland, alteration in risk assessment methods according to the implementation of the EU Floods Directive may be detrimental to local level management strategies. In the case of Romania, evidence suggests that severe deficiencies exist in the communication and use of risk assessment information especially in the formation and implementation of land use plans. Utilizing these and other examples, the research concludes with some key points gleaned from the combination of the both conceptual and practical approach in order to foster dialogue and discussion toward future research.

Sprague, Teresa; Prenger-Berninghoff, Kathrin; Charrière, Marie

2013-04-01

492

Algorithmic communication with extraterrestrial intelligence (ACETI)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many different strategies for communication with extraterrestrial intelligence have been proposed since the invention of wireless communication. these strategies can be roughly divided into two categories: pictorial and non- pictorial (math-based) systems. Pictorial messages, such as the bitmap transmitted from the Arecibo radiotelescope in 1975, can be used to communicate a wide variety of ideas and symbols. Non-pictorial systems, such as Hans Freudenthal's language Lingua Cosmica (Lincos), allow the sender to build a symbolic vocabulary without the use of pixelated images.

McConnell, Brian

2001-08-01

493

Intercellular communication in bacteria.  

PubMed

Bacteria have been long considered primitive organisms, with a lifestyle focused on the survival and propagation of single cells. However, in the past few decades it became obvious that bacteria can display sophisticated group behaviors. For instance, bacteria can communicate amongst themselves and with their hosts, by producing, sensing, and responding to chemical signals. By doing so, they can sense their surroundings and adapt as to increase their chances of survival and propagation. Here, we review the discovery of bacterial intercellular communication, some of the signaling molecules identified to date, the role of intercellular signaling in symbiotic and pathogenic relationships between bacteria and their hosts and its implications for the development of new therapeutic strategies against human disease. PMID:19514909

Antunes, L Caetano M; Ferreira, Rosana B R

2009-01-01

494

Presented by Kris Schulze, Tech Connections Project  

E-print Network

in a workplace of choice and forward thinking organization #12;Social Media Business Goals · Support Mn Services and Robert Filipczak, Social Media Coordinator, Mn/DOT Office of Communications E-Jam and Tech Connections Mn/ DOT Social Media and Collaboration Technology Strategy, Policy and Implementation #12;How do

Minnesota, University of

495

Audience Insights: Communicating to Teens (Aged 12-17)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CDC's Marketing and Communication Strategy Branch (MCSB) in the National Center for Health Marketings Division of Health Communication and Marketing divides audiences into segments with similar needs, preferences, and characteristics and provides CDC programs with audience-specific information, marketing expertise, and communication planning. To…

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

2009-01-01

496

Taking Charge of Health Care Communication in 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of communication between the college or university and its employees over health care reform is discussed. Communication needs that have emerged from the health care reform debate are examined, and elements in a successful organizational communication strategy are outlined. (MSE)

O'Connell, Katherine S.

1995-01-01

497

Patient Communication: A Multidisciplinary Approach Using Animated Cartoons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication is a major problem in the management of patients. Miscommunication occurs frequently in populations with low reading skills, illiteracy does not completely account for the observed low rates of recall of communicated information. Transmission of the message also plays an important role. Successful strategies to improve communication

Leiner, Marie; Handal, Gilbert; Williams, Darryl

2004-01-01

498

A Study on Pragmatic Failure in Cross-Cultural Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through analyzing and comparing the anecdotes of pragmatic failure in cross-cultural communication from the aspects of lexicon, syntax and discourse, some pragmatic strategies are suggested in intercultural communication. To improve learners' cultural awareness and communicative competence, a cultural-linguistic approach in foreign language…

Fang, Jie

2010-01-01

499

eHealth communication and behavior change: promise and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional health communication interventions have often failed to show significant changes in people's behaviors. Guidance from social semiotic frameworks suggests that health communication interventions can be improved by incorporating greater participation by the intended audiences of users, paying greater attention to social contexts, and increasing broad use of integrated multimedia dissemination strategies. The use of eHealth communication has great promise

Linda Neuhauser; Gary L. Kreps

2010-01-01

500

Optical Communications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the characteristics and operational problems of optical waveguides, and concludes that the wide use of optical communications can be expected if difficulties in commercial production of components can be eliminated. (CC)

Young, Matt

1973-01-01