Note: This page contains sample records for the topic communication strategies presentation from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Revealing the Effectivenesses of Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to report the history of communication strategy and highlight the importance of strategic competence. It provides the histories and characterizations of communication strategy. Besides, it presents from which perspectives these definitions of communication strategies were developed. Various earlier and latter…

Lin, Grace Hui Chin

2013-01-01

2

Communication: essential strategies for success.  

PubMed

This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change initiatives. With the goal of presenting practical approaches helpful to nurse leaders advance organizational change, content includes evidence-based projects, tool, and resources that mobilize and sustain organizational change initiatives. In this article, the author discusses strategies for communication for change processes, whether large or small. Intentional planning and development of a communication strategy alongside, not as an afterthought, to change initiatives are essential. PMID:23708499

O'Connor, Mary

2013-06-01

3

NASA Education Communication Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past 15 years, the number of American college students earning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees has continued to decrease. By 2010, it is projected the national demand for STEM employees will rise by 10 percent. The Education Communication Strategy identifies the steps National Aeronautics and Space…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2008

2008-01-01

4

Crisis Communication: The Business Communicator's Strategies for Communicating under Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the 1979 Three Mile Island nuclear plant accident to illustrate the communication problems embedded in a crisis. Describes the reactions created by the stress related to crisis. Suggests business communication strategies for improving communication to the public. (SR)

Vielhaber, Mary E.

1990-01-01

5

Behavior change communication strategies.  

PubMed

Appropriate and effective communication is central to the success of interventions to reduce the risk of HIV infection. This paper reviews what has been learned about the nature of communication in the behavior change process. It examines the contexts in which communication occurs, as well as the contribution of communication theory, social marketing theory, and structural intervention theory to intervention development. Guidance is offered on the most appropriate ways in which to communicate with different groups and audiences, and future priorities for research and intervention are identified. PMID:9167797

Aggleton, P

1997-04-01

6

Ant colony system with communication strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper an ant colony system (ACS) with communication strategies is devel- oped. The artificial ants are partitioned into several groups. Seven communication methods for updating the pheromone level between groups in ACS are proposed and work on the traveling salesman problem using our system is presented. Experimental results based on three well-known traveling salesman data sets demonstrate the

Shu-chuan Chu; John F. Roddick; Jeng-shyang Pan

2004-01-01

7

The use of communication strategies in computer-mediated communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This within-groups study examines communication strategy use among adult learners of English in a computer-mediated environment. Specifically, communication strategies employed during problem-free discourse as well as compensatory strategy use during task-based computer-mediated communication (CMC) were explored. This strategy use was also examined relative to communicative task type (jigsaw and decision-making). The data suggest that learners use a wide array of

Bryan Smith

2003-01-01

8

Communication Strategies in the Written Medium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of second language acquisition has distinguished between two types of strategies: learning strategies and communication strategies. Learning strategies deal with the receptive domain of intake, memory, storage, and recall. Communication strategies pertain to the employment of verbal and nonverbal mechanisms for the productive…

Xhaferi, Brikena

2012-01-01

9

Communication Patterns and Allocation Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by observations about job runtimes on the CPlant system, we use a trace-driven microsimulator to be- gin characterizing the performance of different classes of allocation algorithms on jobs with different communicatio n patterns in space-shared parallel systems with mesh topol- ogy. We show that relative performance varies considerably with communication pattern. The Paging strategy using the Hilbert space-filling curve

David P. Bunde; Vitus J. Leung; Jens Mache

2004-01-01

10

Communication Strategies to Improve HIV Treatment Adherence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although antiretroviral therapy has increased the survival of HIV-positive patients, traditional approaches to improving medication adherence have failed consistently. Acknowledging the role of communication in health behavior, we conducted a qualitative study to learn about patients' HIV treatment adherence experiences and to identify which communication strategies might influence adherence. Findings indicate that five constructs – cultural beliefs\\/language, stigma, cues to

Donna Rochon; Michael W. Ross; Carol Looney; Andrea J. Price; Thomas P. Giordano

2011-01-01

11

Cooperative Strategies and the Evolution of Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using communication is not the only cooperative strategy that can evolve when organisms need to solve a problem together. This article describes a model that extends MacLennan and Burghardt's [37] synthetic ethology simulation to show that using a spatial world in a simulation allows a wider range of strategies to evolve in response to environmental demands. The model specifically explores

Kyle Wagner

2000-01-01

12

A Parallel Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm with Communication Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is an alternative population-based evolutionary computation technique. It has been shown to be capable of optimizing hard mathematical problems in continuous or binary space. We present here a parallel version of the particle swarm optimization (PPSO) algorithm together with three communication strategies which can be used according to the independence of the data. The first strategy

Jui-fang Chang; Shu-chuan Chu; John F. Roddick; Jeng-shyang Pan

2005-01-01

13

Tailored Internal Communication Strategies for the Life Science Shared Resource  

PubMed Central

In the life-science laboratory management setting, there is a constant need to address the question, “what can make us better?” Although there are many variables that can be examined, a review of internal-communication practices can identify areas of opportunity. People in a shared-resource management position have a number of levels of communication responsibilities: communication with the organization's highest-level administration, with individual core facilities, with the users of the shared resource, with peers in academia and industry, and with direct reports. The description and application of internal-communication strategies in the life-science research setting, tailored from the internal strategies originally described by Downs & Adrian in Assessing Organizational Communication (2004), are presented along with ideas for approaches fostering innovation.

Lopez, Linda C.; Lopez, Peter

2013-01-01

14

Communicating about Cutbacks: Straightforward Strategies for the Retrenchment Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional advancement office needs a communication strategy for interpreting the retrenchment effects on the institution. Fourteen guidelines for communication about retrenchment are provided. (MLW)

Jacobson, Harvey K.

1984-01-01

15

Ambiguity as Strategy in Organizational Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues against overemphasizing clarity in the research and teaching of organizational communication because clarity and openness are neither the norm nor sensible standards to gauge communication competence or organizational effectiveness. Defines strategic ambiguity and explores its use in organizations to accomplish goals. Presents suggestions…

Eisenberg, Eric M.

1984-01-01

16

Drafting a New Strategy for Public Diplomacy and Strategic Communication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May 2007, the United States Government published its U.S. National Strategy for Public Diplomacy and Strategic Communication. The strategy, authored by the Policy Coordinating Committee (PCC) on Public Diplomacy and Strategic Communication, is the firs...

T. J. Loney

2009-01-01

17

Evaluation of Sexual Communication Message Strategies  

PubMed Central

Parent-child communication about sex is an important proximal reproductive health outcome. But while campaigns to promote it such as the Parents Speak Up National Campaign (PSUNC) have been effective, little is known about how messages influence parental cognitions and behavior. This study examines which message features explain responses to sexual communication messages. We content analyzed 4 PSUNC ads to identify specific, measurable message and advertising execution features. We then develop quantitative measures of those features, including message strategies, marketing strategies, and voice and other stylistic features, and merged the resulting data into a dataset drawn from a national media tracking survey of the campaign. Finally, we conducted multivariable logistic regression models to identify relationships between message content and ad reactions/receptivity, and between ad reactions/receptivity and parents' cognitions related to sexual communication included in the campaign's conceptual model. We found that overall parents were highly receptive to the PSUNC ads. We did not find significant associations between message content and ad reactions/receptivity. However, we found that reactions/receptivity to specific PSUNC ads were associated with increased norms, self-efficacy, short- and long-term expectations about parent-child sexual communication, as theorized in the conceptual model. This study extends previous research and methods to analyze message content and reactions/receptivity. The results confirm and extend previous PSUNC campaign evaluation and provide further evidence for the conceptual model. Future research should examine additional message content features and the effects of reactions/receptivity.

2011-01-01

18

New Horizons Risk Communication Strategy, Planning, Implementation, and Lessons Learned  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper discusses the risk communication goals, strategy, planning process and product development for the New Horizons mission, including lessons from the Cassini mission that were applied in that effort, and presents lessons learned from the New Horizons effort that could be applicable to future missions.

Dawson, Sandra A.

2006-01-01

19

Adaptive communication in educational contexts: A study of teachers’ communicative strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined individual differences in psychological development among prospective teachers as these affect the adaptive, “person?centered” quality of their communication with students. Significant relationships were found between abstract psychological development and use of person?centered communicative strategies in regulative and interpersonal educational contexts. In addition, differences in the quality of the teachers’ construal of the student?teacher relationship were significantly

James L. Applegate

1980-01-01

20

Communicating through Crisis: A Strategy for Organizational Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that crisis communication should be a part of the larger issues of communication policy and strategy. Builds a case for the need to consider crisis communication in a larger context. Proposes a model of crisis communication content that may serve as a framework for research into the efficacy of communication during crisis episodes. (RS)

Sturges, David L.

1994-01-01

21

Deep space communication - Past, present, and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the progress made in deep space communication from its beginnings until now, describes the development and applications of NASA's Deep Space Network, and indicates directions for the future. Limiting factors in deep space communication are examined using the upcoming Voyager encounter with Uranus, centered on the downlink telemetry from spacecraft to earth, as an example. A link

E. C. Posner; R. Stevens

1984-01-01

22

Communicative Repair Strategies and Problem Behaviours of Children with Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of strategies by children with developmental disabilities to repair communicative breakdowns has received little attention in the research literature to date. The research that is available suggests that children with severe communication impairments may be more likely to experience communicative breakdowns than their typically developing peers. These children may also have fewer strategies available to them to repair

Deb Keen

2003-01-01

23

Communication by Central Bank Committee Members: Different Strategies, Same Effectiveness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper assesses the communication strategies of the Federal Reserve, the Bank of England, and the European Central Bank and their effectiveness. We find that the effectiveness of communication is not independent from the decision-making process. The paper shows that the Federal Reserve has been pursuing a highly individualistic communication strategy amid a collegial approach to decision making, while the

MICHAEL EHRMANN; MARCEL FRATZSCHER

2007-01-01

24

Nursing and conflict communication: avoidance as preferred strategy.  

PubMed

An exploratory study was conducted to examine nurses' (n = 57) selection of strategies to confront conflict in the workplace. Communication competence is the conceptual framework, defining competent conflict communication as joint problem-solving communication that is both effective and appropriate. Items were drawn from tools assessing nurses' conflict management strategies. Nurses reported a strong preference not to confront conflict directly; nurse managers were less likely to avoid direct communication. Nurses who do choose to confront conflict are more likely to use constructive than destructive strategies. The integration of the social science of health communication into nursing education and practice and other implications are discussed. PMID:21403489

Mahon, Margaret M; Nicotera, Anne M

2011-01-01

25

The Effect of Communication Apprehension and Situation on Communication Strategy Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines students' perceptions of the probable use of certain persuasive strategies in a given situation in relation to students' level of communication apprehension. Data confirms the impact of situation on strategy selection but fails to demonstrate the effect of communication apprehension or an interaction between communication apprehension and…

Lustig, Myron W.; King, Stephen W.

1980-01-01

26

Communication Skills for End-of-Life Nursing Care: Teaching Strategies from the ELNEC Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a key module in a 3-day train-the-trainer course in end-of-life nursing--competence in communicating with patients and families. Factors affecting communication, coping strategies for families, strategies for classroom and clinical teaching, and resources are described. (SK)

Matzo, Marianne LaPorte; Sherman, Deborah Witt; Sheehan, Denice C.; Ferrell, Betty Rolling; Penn, Barbara

2003-01-01

27

Resilient Communication: A New Crisis Communication Strategy for Homeland Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current crisis communication plans and guidance at all levels of government focus almost exclusively on communication during a crisis, rather than a comprehensive approach that also addresses the timeframe well before and well after a disaster. Furthermor...

S. L. Watson

2012-01-01

28

A management communication strategy for change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the issue of communicating strategically during significant organizational change. In the author’s experience, differentiated communication tactics during different phases of organizational change can have an important impact on the level of acceptance of that change by organizational participants. Enumerates and discusses empirically supported principles of effective communication and then applies them to several stages of organizational change. Draws examples

Stuart M. Klein

1996-01-01

29

PAVES: A Presentation Strategy for Beginning Presenters in Inclusive Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public speaking will continue to be an unsettling experience for some students, including those with disabilities. Experts have suggested several reasons for fearing public speaking; adequate preparation and practice can alleviate most of them. Using the PAVES (Posture, Attitude, Voice, Eye Contact, Smile) strategy described in this article can…

Combes, Bertina H.; Walker, Michelle; Harrell, Pamela Esprivalo; Tyler-Wood, Tandra

2008-01-01

30

Effective ways to communicate family planning: cases and strategies.  

PubMed

Results of 2 workshops on the improvement of communication and motivational skills of outreach workers using research results and field experiences are presented. General strategies, illustrative cases, and specific IEC strategies geared to the solution of common problems are suggested. General strategies for identifying opportunities for introduction of population and family planning in the community include use of felt needs and problems of the community as vehicles for introduction, coordination with other agencies operating in the community, winning the support of influential and accepted leaders in the community, and establishing credibility with the people before launching population projects. Strategies for breaking through traditional values and beliefs include emphasizing aspects of the population program that do not run counter to religious beliefs, using messages which emphasize qualities highly valued by the people, being careful to respect persons the community looks up to regardless of their opposition, considering the cultural background and preparation of the audience before introducing sensitive subjects, and appealing to people's needs and interests to elicit participation. Rumors and misconceptions on family planning may be counteracted by directing motivational and informational efforts at persons likely to influence potential acceptors as well as the potential acceptors themselves, avoiding antagonizing religious leaders who preach against family planning, presenting only accurate family planning information, and establishing the source of rumors about side effects. Complaints about side effects should be attended promptly, clear and specific instructions on method use should be given, and the worker should present herself as a satisfied user. PMID:12233386

Alberto, C S; Villanueva, C L

1979-01-01

31

Integrated technology services publications and communications strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In September 2006, Integrated Technology Services (ITS) at the University of New Brunswick (UNB) refocused their Publications and Communications position in an effort to better communicate their mission, vision, goals, and values to the UNB community and external audiences. ITS recognized that the UNB community did not understand the importance of what ITS does, how ITS supports UNB's mission and

Melissa R. Hannah

2007-01-01

32

Communication Strategies and Product Line Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

When selling a product line, a firm has to consider the costs of communicating about the different products to the consumers. This may affect the product line design in general, and which products or services are offered in particular. The problem is that firms have to communicate to consumers, possibly through advertising, to make them consider buying the products that

J. Miguel Villas-Boas

2004-01-01

33

Putting innovation to work: adoption strategies for multimedia communication systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimedia communication systems promise better support for widely distributed workgroups. Their benefits for complex communication—problem-solving, negotiating, planning, and design —seem obvious, introducing appealing new technologies into the marketplace, however, can require years of Investment [13, 22]. In particular, finding productive uses for new systems takes time. Adoption strategies are needed to guide and accelerate the process.

Ellen Francik; Susan Ehrlich Rudman; Donna Cooper; Stephen Levine

1991-01-01

34

Peer Teaching Assertive Communication Strategies for the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A unit in assertive communication strategies for the workplace was developed and tested with approximately 45 juniors and seniors at a Utah high school. For 4 weeks of a 6-week grading period, the students were exposed to basic information on verbal and nonverbal communication and administered a survey designed to tap their individual value system…

Cangelosi, Barbara R.; Peterson, M. Larry

35

Multi-Attribute Decision Making Routing Strategy for Interplanetary Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

As current Internet frontiers are rapidly extending towards space, the scientific community's interest is increasingly addressed to next-generation network architectures suited to enable data communications over interplanetary networks. In this light, given the networking and communication challenges posed by such environments, the design of complex telecommunication infrastructures deserves particular attention, especially with regard to routing and congestion control strategies. To

Igor Bisio; Mario Marchese; Tomaso de Cola

2008-01-01

36

Two user location strategies for personal communications services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vision of nomadic personal communications is the ubiquitous availability of services to facilitate the exchange of information between nomadic end users independent of time, location, on access arrangements. To realize this, it is necessary to locate users who move from place to place. The strategies commonly proposed are two-level hierarchical strategies, which maintain a system of home and visited

SESHADRI MOHAN; RAW JAIN

1994-01-01

37

Experimentally Evaluating Communicative Strategies: The Effect of the Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective problem solving among multiple agents requires a better understanding of the role of communication in collaboration. In this paper we show that there are commu- nicative strategies that greatly improve the performance of resource-bounded agents, but that these strategies are highly sensitive to the task requirements, situation parameters and agents' resource limitations. We base our ar- gument on two

Marilyn A. Walker

1994-01-01

38

Thirteen Strategies to Improve Oral Communication Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The group strategies that are discussed include brainstorming, problem solving, debate, games, the lecture forum, open forums, panel discussion, question and answer sessions, role playing, quizzes, roundtable discussions, success-storytelling, and the symposium. (RL)

Clinkscale, Bella G.

1979-01-01

39

Crisis Communication Strategies in the Media Coverage of Chemical Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies examine media reports of chemical accident crises to explore the extent to which crisis communication strategies are included. Study 1 found that although reputation repair strategies were rarely included, about 1\\/4 of the reports included some combination of information-giving strategies attributed to organizational spokespersons. First responders were quoted more frequently than organizational representatives. Study 2 examined follow-up stories

Sherry J. Holladay

2009-01-01

40

Communication Strategies and Coding for Relaying  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Information-theoretic models for relaying are developed and applied to wireline and wireless networks. For wireline networks\\u000a with node constraints, data compression is shown to improve rates. For wireless networks with half-duplex constraints, decode-and-forward\\u000a strategies are developed that can give substantial rate gains over no-relay transmission and traditional multihopping. The\\u000a performance of the strategies is verified by designing coded modulations that

Gerhard Kramer

41

Academic Self-Presentation Strategies and Popularity in Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined early adolescents' beliefs about which academic self-presentation strategies hypothetical hard-working, high-achieving students should use with popular peers, adolescents' own use of self-presentation strategies, and links between popularity and self-presentation strategies. In response to scenarios in which popular…

Zook, Joan M.; Russotti, Justin M.

2013-01-01

42

Relational communication, satisfaction, compliance?gaining strategies, and compliance in communication between physicians and patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six themes of physicians' relational communication were hypothesized to predict patients' satisfaction and compliance, to relate to strategies used by physicians to gain compliance, and to relate to frequency of physician?patient contact. Telephone interviews with 234 adults who had seen a primary care physician within the previous six months confirmed that perceived relational communication was strongly related to affective, cognitive,

Judee K. Burgoon; Michael Pfau; Roxanne Parrott; Thomas Birk; Ray Coker; Michael Burgoon

1987-01-01

43

Communication Difficulties and the Use of Communication Strategies: From the Perspective of Individuals with Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To enhance communicative ability and thereby the possibility of increased participation of persons with aphasia, the use of communication strategies has been proposed. However, little is known about how persons with aphasia experience having conversations and how they perceive their own and their conversation partner's use of…

Johansson, Monica Blom; Carlsson, Marianne; Sonnander, Karin

2012-01-01

44

Generalizability of Interpersonal Communications Rating Scale Ratings across Presentation Modes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined variance in observational ratings of Interpersonal Communications Rating Scale (ICRS) attributable to individual raters and mode of presentation (videotape, audiotape, transcript, videotape plus transcript, audiotape plus transcript). Nine raters used ICRS to code six films for which presentation mode was varied. Found transcript-only…

Tracey, Terence J.; Guinee, James P.

1990-01-01

45

Public communication strategy for NASA's planetary protection program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Planetary Protection Office, in the Office of Space Science, has a long-term initiative under way in communication research and planning. The possibility of extraterrestrial life and efforts to search for evidence of it is one of NASA's key missions, and of great interest to the public. Planetary protection plays a key role in the search for signs of life elsewhere, and as NASA expands its solar system exploration efforts, communication planning for planetary protection must expand to meet growing needs. NASA's Clearly Protection Office has long recognized the importance of communications in accomplishing its goals and objectives. With solar system exploration missions advancing into the era of sample return and with the science of astrobiology changing assumptions about the nature and boundaries of life, the Planetary Protection office is expanding its communication planning efforts and taking first steps toward implementation of a long-term strategy. For the past 10 years, communication research sponsored by the NASA planetary protection program has focused on reaching members of the science community and addressing legal and ethical concerns. In 2003, the program expanded its communication research efforts, initiating the development of a communication strategy based on a participatory model and intended to address the needs of a broad range of extra audiences. The Planetary Protection Office aims to ensure that its scientific, bureaucratic, and other constituencies are fully informed about planetary protection policies and procedures and prepared to communicate with a variety of public audiences about issues relating to planetary protection. This paper will describe NASA's ongoing planetary protection communication research efforts, focusing on development of a participatory communication strategy to enable broadest possible public participation in planning and development of solar system sample return missions and Earth-based sample receiving facilities.

Billings, L.

46

Teaching inpatient communication skills to medical students: an innovative strategy.  

PubMed

At the University of Washington, a group of medical educators defined a set of communication skills, or "benchmarks," that are expected of second-year medical students conducting history and physical examinations on hospitalized patients. In order to teach the skills listed in the communication benchmarks, an educational strategy was devised that included training sessions for 30 medical teachers and the development of an innovative videotape tool used to train the teachers and their students. The benchmarks were designed in 2003 for the developmental level of the students and were based on key communication concepts and essential elements of medical communication. A set of five short videotaped scenarios was developed that illustrated various segments of a student history and physical examination. Each scenario consisted of an "OK" version of communication and a "better" version of the same scenario. The video scenarios were used in teaching sessions to help students identify effective communication techniques and to stimulate discussion about the communication benchmarks. After the training sessions, teachers and students were surveyed to assess the effectiveness of the educational methods. The majority of students felt that the educational design stimulated discussion and improved their understanding of communication skills. Faculty found the educational design useful and 95% felt that the curriculum and videotape contributed to their own education. The development of communication benchmarks illustrated with short videotaped scenarios contrasting "OK" with "better" communication skills is a useful technique that is transferable to other institutions. PMID:15671313

Losh, David P; Mauksch, Larry B; Arnold, Richard W; Maresca, Theresa M; Storck, Michael G; Maestas, Raye R; Goldstein, Erika

2005-02-01

47

Marketing crises in tourism: communication strategies in the united states and spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research brief compares crisis-response strategies of marketing-communication professionals in tourism organizations (TOs) in the United States and Spain. It reports the extent to which they use proven crisis-management strategies. Results indicate significant differences between the countries' TOs in both their extant plans for responding to marketing crises and in their strategies for handling those crises. It presents practical implications

Alfonso González-Herrero; Cornelius B. Pratt

1998-01-01

48

The Communication Strategy of NASA's Earth Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change is a complex, multi-disciplinary subject. Accurately conveying this complexity to general audiences, while still communicating the basic facts, is challenging. Our approach is to combine climate change information with a wide range of Earth system science topics, illustrated by satellite imagery and data visualizations. NASA's Earth Observatory web site (earthobservatory.nasa.gov) uses the broad range of NASA's remote sensing technologies, data, and research to communicate climate change science. We serve two primary audiences: the "attentive public" --people interested in and willing to seek out information about science, technology, and the environment--and media. We cover the breadth of Earth science, with information about climate change integrated with stories about weather, geology, oceanography, and solar flares. Current event-driven imagery is used as a hook to draw readers. We then supply links to supplemental information, either about current research or the scientific basics. We use analogies, carefully explain jargon or acronyms, and build narratives which both attract readers and make information easier to remember. These narratives are accompanied by primers on topics like energy balance or the water cycle. Text is carefully integrated with illustrations and state-of-the-art data visualizations. Other site features include a growing list of climate questions and answers, addressing common misconceptions about global warming and climate change. Maps of global environmental parameters like temperature, rainfall, and vegetation show seasonal change and long-term trends. Blogs from researchers in the field provide a look at the day-to-day process of science. For the media, public domain imagery is supplied at full resolution and links are provided to primary sources.

Simmon, R.; Ward, K.; Riebeek, H.; Allen, J.; Przyborski, P.; Scott, M.; Carlowicz, M. J.

2010-12-01

49

Development of Communication Strategies among Foreign Language Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the nature and effectiveness of communication strategies (CSs) used in a negotiation task involving native speakers (NSs) and non-native speakers (NNSs) of Spanish. Subjects were eight university students divided into NS/NNS dyads; the NSs were studying English and the NNSs were studying third- and fourth-semester Spanish. The…

Stewart, Stuart; Pearson, Lynn

1995-01-01

50

Crisis communicative strategies in Taiwan: Category, continuum, and cultural implication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to investigate crisis communicative strategies (CCSs) in a Chinese context, and (2) to develop a model integrating the measures, categories, and continuum of CCS. A survey of public relations and public affairs managers from Taiwan's top-500 companies was undertaken to examine actual experiences of handling crises. The results showed that five crisis

Yi-Hui Huang; Ying-Hsuan Lin; Shih-Hsin Su

2005-01-01

51

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legit imacy of organizations. When faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. This study syn thesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width theory to provide an investigation of the effects of crisis-response strategies on per ceptions of organizational legitimacy.

Joseph Eric Massey

2001-01-01

52

Transparent communication strategy on GMOs: will it change public opinion?  

PubMed

Innovations are central for the economic growth; however, the use of new technologies needs to be widely accepted in the general public and the society as a whole. Biotechnology in general, and the use of genetic engineering in food production in particular are seen critically by the European public and perceived as "risky", and a transatlantic divide between European and US citizens has been observed. This review investigates the reasons for those differing perceptions and proposes new strategies to communicate the benefits of biotechnology in agriculture to a broader public. When analyzing the dialogue process that has taken place between public, scientists, governmental organizations and industry, questions arise on what has been done differently in Europe, in order to propose new, more successful and efficient communication strategies for the future. PMID:17703492

Sinemus, Kristina; Egelhofer, Marc

2007-09-01

53

White Paper: Developing Informatics Tools and Strategies for Consumer-centered Health Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the emphasis on individuals' active partnership in health care grows, so does the public's need for effective, comprehensible consumer health resources. Consumer health informatics has the potential to provide frameworks and strategies for designing effective health communication tools that empower users and improve their health decisions. This article presents an overview of the consumer health informatics field, discusses promising

Alla Keselman; Robert Logan; Catherine Arnott-Smith; Gondy Leroy; Qing Zeng-Treitler

2008-01-01

54

A Partial List of Educational, Instructional, and Documentary Films Treating Women's Roles, problems, and Communication Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists 189 educational, instructional, and documentary films treating women's roles, problems, and communication strategies. The films are classified by substance and topics: beauty ethic: presentations and examinations; birth control, unwanted pregnancy, and abortion; coping with a male oriented society; dating and marriage;…

Edwards, Richard; Gronbeck, Bruce E.

55

The Use of Visual-Tactile Communication Strategies by Deaf and Hearing Fathers and Mothers of Deaf Infants.  

PubMed

This article presents the results of a study comparing deaf and hearing parents in the use of visual-tactile communication strategies during interaction with their hearing-impaired children between 18 and 24 months of age. The study includes 17 deaf and hard-of-hearing children and 33 parents, covering hearing mothers (n = 12), hearing fathers (n = 11), deaf mothers (n = 5), and deaf fathers (n = 5). The four groups of parents are compared in the use of visual-tactile communication strategies during free play with their children. Overall results show that deaf mothers and deaf fathers differ significantly from hearing parents in the use of a visual communication style adapted to the developmental communication needs and abilities related to the 18- to 24-month age period. The study pays special attention to differences in visual-tactile communication strategies according to hearing status, gender, use of languages, and communication modes. PMID:15448045

Loots, Gerrit; Devisé, Isabel

2003-01-01

56

Orientation through Presentation: Getting MBA Students Interested in Communication Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent "Business Communication Quarterly" special issue on management communication instruction in internationally oriented MBA programs draws attention to a delicate and pervasive problem. Debby Andrews pointed out that whereas acknowledgment of the importance of communication skills for management is commonplace, curricula dedicated to…

Connor, Michael

2005-01-01

57

Defense satellite communications system - Past, present, and future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a critical point in the long history of the Defense Satellite Communications System. This workhorse communications system has developed from the humble beginnings in the 1960s into today's highly capable backbone of U.S. Government Communications. After a long delay these satellites are being launched again and plan to quickly rebuild this critical national asset which has been held together by determination and sweat following the Challenger disaster. The critical issue is what services shall DSCS provide in the future. The process of defining the SHF communications capability of the next generation of these satellites to support the military needs of the next century is under way.

Cook, Robert G.

1992-03-01

58

Literacy and Communication Technologies: Distance Education Strategies for Literacy Delivery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article examines the promotion of literacy through information and communication technologies (ICTs) and through various modes of distance learning. After a general discussion of these approaches, the article focuses on efforts towards reducing illiteracy in Nigeria through integrated strategies for literacy delivery and especially through distance learning. After highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of these measures, the author makes some suggestions on how to maximize their effectiveness in helping Nigeria to achieve the targets of the Education for All agenda and the Millennium Development Goals.

Aderinoye, Rashid

2008-11-01

59

Using the Multimodal Communication Screening Test for Persons with Aphasia (MCST?A) to guide the selection of alternative communication strategies for people with aphasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: People with severe communication problems associated with aphasia and concomitant apraxia of speech are often unable to meet their daily communication needs through speech alone. For these people, augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) strategies may offer opportunities for improved communication effectiveness. However, it can be challenging to determine if individuals can learn to use alternative communication strategies independently or

Joanne P. Lasker; Kathryn L. Garrett

2006-01-01

60

What they can do versus how much they care : Assessing corporate communication strategies on Fortune 500 web sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to propose a typology of corporate communication strategy; to investigate whether the typology is present among Fortune 500 corporations; and to explore whether there is a dominant strategy and industrial differences among them. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A content analysis of all 2008 Fortune 500 corporate web sites was undertaken. Findings – This paper finds that there

Sora Kim; Scott Rader

2010-01-01

61

Prevention Strategies for Cardioembolic Stroke: Present and Future Perspectives  

PubMed Central

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cause of cardioembolism. An update on secondary prevention strategies, used to protect patients from the risk of stroke in many common cardiac conditions, is presented in the paper. The main line of actions of stroke prevention in cardioembolism is mostly connected with antithrombotic drugs, but also other, more invasive, techniques are quickly emerging. Also the classic pharmacological prevention with coumarins may soon be overcome by new generation anticoagulants. Is an aggressive treatment of Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) always recommended? One of the main challenges of the future years will be to understand competitiveness between old and new preventive strategies.

Giacalone, Giacomo; Abbas, Mohammed Abballa; Corea, Francesco

2010-01-01

62

Strategies for encouraging successful adoption of office communication systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of new computer communication systems into organizations requires behavioral change. Planning for successful adoption requires knowledge of individual organizational communication patterns and the relationship between those patterns and particular communication system solutions. This paper documents a sequence of studies of organizational communication. Needs for office communication systems were identified, as were social and psychological factors temporarily inhibiting their

Susan F. Ehrlich

1987-01-01

63

Present and future trends in military satellite communication systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen a phenomenal growth in the field of satellite communications. Satcom systems offer many advantages for military applications which include wide area coverage, rapid deployment, flexible networking and long range service to moving platforms like ships, aircraft and vehicles. This paper gives an overview of the special features and future trends in military satcom systems. A brief

C. K. Chatterjee; Surendra Pal

1993-01-01

64

(Meta)Communication Strategies in Inclusive Classes for Deaf Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can an inclusive classroom for deaf students be successful? The use of metacommunication strategies by teachers and hearing peers seems promising. Schools that promote this approach tend to improve deaf students' psychosocial development and academic achievement. However, this is not a general rule. The present study identifies the elements of…

Kelman, Celeste Azulay; Branco, Angela Uchoa

2009-01-01

65

Individual differences in airline captains' personalities, communication strategies, and crew performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircrew effectiveness in coping with emergencies has been linked to captain's personality profile. The present study analyzed cockpit communication during simulated flight to examine the relation between captains' discourse strategies, personality profiles, and crew performance. Positive Instrumental/Expressive captains and Instrumental-Negative captains used very similar communication strategies and their crews made few errors. Their talk was distinguished by high levels of planning and strategizing, gathering information, predicting/alerting, and explaining, especially during the emergency flight phase. Negative-Expressive captains talked less overall, and engaged in little problem solving talk, even during emergencies. Their crews made many errors. Findings support the theory that high crew performance results when captains use language to build shared mental models for problem situations.

Orasanu, Judith

1991-01-01

66

Present and future strategies for Neutrinoless Double Beta decay searches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of neutrino properties is one of the fundamental challenges in particle physics. In the last years, several progresses have been made, but still we do not know the absolute mass of neutrinos or whether they are Dirac or Majorana particles. The only way to probe the neutrino nature is through the observation of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, a not yet observed nuclear transition which emits two electrons and no neutrinos. In this paper, after a brief introduction to the topic, the present and future strategies to detect this process are presented.

Vignati, Marco

2014-04-01

67

Developing informatics tools and strategies for consumer-centered health communication.  

PubMed

As the emphasis on individuals' active partnership in health care grows, so does the public's need for effective, comprehensible consumer health resources. Consumer health informatics has the potential to provide frameworks and strategies for designing effective health communication tools that empower users and improve their health decisions. This article presents an overview of the consumer health informatics field, discusses promising approaches to supporting health communication, and identifies challenges plus direction for future research and development. The authors' recommendations emphasize the need for drawing upon communication and social science theories of information behavior, reaching out to consumers via a range of traditional and novel formats, gaining better understanding of the public's health information needs, and developing informatics solutions for tailoring resources to users' needs and competencies. This article was written as a scholarly outreach and leadership project by members of the American Medical Informatics Association's Consumer Health Informatics Working Group. PMID:18436895

Keselman, Alla; Logan, Robert; Smith, Catherine Arnott; Leroy, Gondy; Zeng-Treitler, Qing

2008-01-01

68

Developing Informatics Tools and Strategies for Consumer-centered Health Communication  

PubMed Central

As the emphasis on individuals' active partnership in health care grows, so does the public's need for effective, comprehensible consumer health resources. Consumer health informatics has the potential to provide frameworks and strategies for designing effective health communication tools that empower users and improve their health decisions. This article presents an overview of the consumer health informatics field, discusses promising approaches to supporting health communication, and identifies challenges plus direction for future research and development. The authors' recommendations emphasize the need for drawing upon communication and social science theories of information behavior, reaching out to consumers via a range of traditional and novel formats, gaining better understanding of the public's health information needs, and developing informatics solutions for tailoring resources to users' needs and competencies. This article was written as a scholarly outreach and leadership project by members of the American Medical Informatics Association's Consumer Health Informatics Working Group.

Keselman, Alla; Logan, Robert; Smith, Catherine Arnott; Leroy, Gondy; Zeng-Treitler, Qing

2008-01-01

69

Communicative Alternatives to Challenging Behavior: Integrating Functional Assessment and Intervention Strategies. Volume 3. Communication and Language Intervention Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing the use of communication training as the foundation for effective behavioral programming, this book explains how challenging behavior can be redirected into socially acceptable behavior through functional communication intervention. The book offers hands-on assessment and intervention strategies that can be used in school, home, work,…

Reichle, Joe, Ed.; Wacker, David P., Ed.

70

A Study of the Economic Impact of Selected Communications Alternatives, Present System Definition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a description of the present FAA communications system. The data base described herein will be incorporated in a communications cost model being developed for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) by ARINC Research Corporation. Th...

P. Woodie W. Kolb

1978-01-01

71

Monitoring policy and actions on food environments: rationale and outline of the INFORMAS policy engagement and communication strategies.  

PubMed

The International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) proposes to collect performance indicators on food policies, actions and environments related to obesity and non-communicable diseases. This paper reviews existing communications strategies used for performance indicators and proposes the approach to be taken for INFORMAS. Twenty-seven scoring and rating tools were identified in various fields of public health including alcohol, tobacco, physical activity, infant feeding and food environments. These were compared based on the types of indicators used and how they were quantified, scoring methods, presentation and the communication and reporting strategies used. There are several implications of these analyses for INFORMAS: the ratings/benchmarking approach is very commonly used, presumably because it is an effective way to communicate progress and stimulate action, although this has not been formally evaluated; the tools used must be trustworthy, pragmatic and policy-relevant; multiple channels of communication will be needed; communications need to be tailored and targeted to decision-makers; data and methods should be freely accessible. The proposed communications strategy for INFORMAS has been built around these lessons to ensure that INFORMAS's outputs have the greatest chance of being used to improve food environments. PMID:24074207

Brinsden, H; Lobstein, T; Landon, J; Kraak, V; Sacks, G; Kumanyika, S; Swinburn, B; Barquera, S; Friel, S; Hawkes, C; Kelly, B; L'abbé, M; Lee, A; Ma, J; Macmullen, J; Mohan, S; Monteiro, C; Neal, B; Rayner, M; Sanders, D; Snowdon, W; Vandevijvere, S; Walker, C

2013-10-01

72

Effective strategies to counter campus presentations on climate denial  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although 97%-98% of the climate researchers most actively publishing in the field accept the basic tenets of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) findings [Anderegg et al., 2010], there is a consistent undercurrent of doubt among the general public (A. Leiserowitz et al., Global warming's six Americas in May 2011, online report, 57 pp., Yale Project on Climate Change Communication, Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 2011). To some extent, this doubt is fueled by high-profile climate change deniers who offer “the real view” of climate science [Oreskes and Conway, 2010]. Our campuses recently hosted two such speakers: Ivar Giaever at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) and Christopher Monckton (also known as Lord Monckton) at Union College. (Monckton's presentation can be seen at http://union.campusreform.org/group/blog/live-webinar-lord-monckton-at-union-college.)

Corbin, Jeffrey D.; Katz, Miriam E.

2012-07-01

73

Managing Building Projects through Enhanced Communication - An ICT Based Strategy for Small and Medium Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) enhanced communication strategy can help building project managers in the successful delivery of their projects, particular for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME). This paper introduces a research that explores the technical, managerial and social issues of SMEs in order to formulate such a strategy. A questionnaire survey of SMEs in the Indian construction industry helped

Jay Yang; Vanita Ahuja; Ravi Shankar

74

Predicting Computer Anxiety in the Business Communication ClassroomFacts, Figures, and Teaching Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is primarily twofold: (1) to determine what factors, if any, are predictors of computer anxiety among business communication students and (2) to explore alternative teaching strategies suggested by the literature to effectively reduce computer anxiety in business communication classrooms. Participants consisted of 431 students enrolled in business communication courses during the 1995 spring semester at

K. VIRGINIA HEMBY

1998-01-01

75

Designing and implementing a communications strategy: lessons learnt from HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Programme Consortia  

PubMed Central

In recent years there has been increasing recognition of the importance of strategic research communication. Health research organisations need to be able to communicate their research effectively to increase the probability that the findings influence policy and practice, and benefit those in greatest need. Many research funders are making communications a requirement of research funding. This paper reflects on the experience in developing and implementing communications strategies of several Research Programme Consortia funded by the Department for International Development. Different research topics will require different communications approaches in order to be effective. This is reflected in the diversity of strategies employed by different research programmes. Strategic research communications designed to influence policy and practice require different skills and expertise from those required for carrying out research and writing it up for publication in academic journals. Therefore researchers involved in communicating research should be supported in this work. One of the ways in which research programme consortia have sought to do this is through convening workshops to develop the communications skills of researchers from partner organisations. These have proven invaluable. Another way of providing ongoing support to those involved in communicating research is through a Communications Community of Practice. Where this has been used it has proven a good way to support researchers both with ideas and resources, but also a strong sense of belonging to a community that shares a common concern with communication. Developing strong partnerships with research users, other research organisations, knowledge intermediaries and other stakeholders is vital for effective communication. Embracing the challenges and opportunities presented by communicating research to influence policy practice is vital if research is to have maximum possible impact, and demonstrate its worth at a time when funding for health and development activities is at risk. Sharing lessons learnt in this process between research programmes is important to support this work.

2011-01-01

76

[Tobacco control, a strategy to reduce non-communicable diseases].  

PubMed

Nearly two-thirds of all deaths globally are caused by noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases and diabetes). The UN General Assembly approved Political Declaration of the High-Level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of non communicable diseases and recommending five priority interventions: 1. Tobacco control (the most urgent and immediate), 2. Salt reduction, 3. Improved diet and physical activity, 4 Reduction of hazardous alcohol intake, 5. Access to essential drugs and technologies. The Assembly recognizes the fundamental conflict of interest between tobacco industry and public health and recommends the implementation of WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and MPOWER strategies. The full implementation of FCTC could prevent 5.5 Million of death in the next 10 years in low and middle income countries. All these recommendations are feasible to implement considering the willingness of Governments, the infrastructure available, the capacity building existing and the participation of all sectors, including civil society and the community as a whole. PMID:22689171

Reynales-Shigematsu, Luz Myriam

2012-06-01

77

Future Air-Ground-Air Communication Subsystem Investigation. Part B. Characterization of the Present ATC A/G/a Communication Subsystem and Its Environment. Volume III.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Quantitative characterization of present center A/G/A communications subsystem; Quantitative characterization of present terminal area A/G/A communication subsystem; Communication traffic flow and performance.

1966-01-01

78

Strategies for Assessment of the Basic Undergraduate Interpersonal Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Golden West College's (GWC's) Interpersonal Communication course was designed to help students develop communication skills, understand the criteria used in selecting the most appropriate way to communicate, implement these choices effectively through verbal and nonverbal means, and evaluate the effectiveness of these choices. Students learn the…

Ratliffe, Sharon A.

79

Coordination, overload and team performance: effects of team communication strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The god of this paper is to iden@ the communication tactics that tiow management teams to successtiy coordinate without becoming overloaded, and to see whether successti coordination and fidom from overload independently Muence team pefiormance. We found that how much teams comnumicatti, what they communicated abou~ and the technologies they used to communicate prdlcted coordination and overload. Team coordination but

Susan R. Fussell; Robert E. Kraut; F. Javier Lerch; William L. Scherlis; Matthew M. McNally; Jonathan J. Cadiz

1998-01-01

80

Perceived effectiveness of interpersonal persuasion strategies in computer-mediated communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates interpersonal persuasion strategies in computer-mediated communication (CMC), a topic that has received little prior attention. Significant differences were found in perceived effectiveness of asynchronous, text-based CMC vs. face-to-face communication (FTFC) for achieving interpersonal persuasion in general and for applying persuasion strategies of reward, punishment, logic, and emotion. Findings of the study indicate that different persuasion strategies are

E. Vance Wilson

2003-01-01

81

Developing tools and strategies for communicating climate change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research indicates that the public views zoos and aquariums as reliable and trusted sources for information on conservation. Additionally, visiting zoos and aquariums helps people reconsider their connections to conservation issues and solutions. The Aquarium of the Pacific, an AZA-accredited institution that serves the most ethnically diverse population of all aquariums in the nation, is using exhibit space, technology, public programming, and staff professional development to present a model for how aquariums can promote climate literacy. Our newest galleries and programs are designed to immerse our visitors in experiences that connect our live animal collection to larger themes on ocean change. The Aquarium is supporting our new programming with a multifaceted staff professional development that exposes our interpretive staff to current climate science and researchers as well as current social science on public perception of climate science. Our staff also leads workshops for scientists; these sessions allow us to examine learning theory and develop tools to communicate science and controversial subjects effectively. Through our partnerships in the science, social science, and informal science education communities, we are working to innovate and develop best practices in climate communication.

Bader, D.; Yam, E. M.; Perkins, L.

2011-12-01

82

Towards a Theory for Professional Communications. Discourse and Communication Elements in Contemporary Marketing and PR Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines elements of discourse in professional communication using examples of marketing, PR, and advertising focusing on the communicative functions that serve the major aims of each of the professional communication fields we define as values. It follows the rhetorical definition of communication as a persuasive figure of speech and demonstrates this impact in examples. This professional mass media

Fee-Alexandra Haase

2010-01-01

83

Reporting pesticide assessment results to farmworker families: development, implementation, and evaluation of a risk communication strategy.  

PubMed Central

The collection of environmental samples presents a responsibility to return information to the affected participants. Explaining complex and often ambiguous scientific information to a lay audience is a challenge. As shown by environmental justice research, this audience frequently has limited formal education, increasing the challenge for researchers to explain the data collected, the risk indicated by the findings, and action the affected community should take. In this study we describe the development and implementation of a risk communication strategy for environmental pesticide samples collected in the homes of Latino/a migrant and seasonal farmworkers in a community-based participatory research project. The communication strategy was developed with community input and was based on face-to-face meetings with members of participating households. Using visual displays of data effectively conveyed information about individual household contamination and placed it in the context of community findings. The lack of national reference data and definitive standards for action necessitated a simplified risk message. We review the strengths and weaknesses of such an approach and suggest areas for future research in risk communication to communities affected by environmental health risks.

Quandt, Sara A; Doran, Alicia M; Rao, Pamela; Hoppin, Jane A; Snively, Beverly M; Arcury, Thomas A

2004-01-01

84

Presenting science news: Issues of content, communication modality, and balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation focuses on various aspects of the issue of public understanding of science, especially as it relates to the question of presenting science through the mass media. Specifically it consists of two separate studies, both of which focus on different facets of journalistic coverage of science. The first study is a longitudinal content analysis of science news reporting in

Marianne G Pellechia

2001-01-01

85

Communicating cardiovascular disease risk: an interview study of General Practitioners' use of absolute risk within tailored communication strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention guidelines encourage assessment of absolute CVD risk - the probability of a CVD event within a fixed time period, based on the most predictive risk factors. However, few General Practitioners (GPs) use absolute CVD risk consistently, and communication difficulties have been identified as a barrier to changing practice. This study aimed to explore GPs’ descriptions of their CVD risk communication strategies, including the role of absolute risk. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 25 GPs in New South Wales, Australia. Transcribed audio-recordings were thematically coded, using the Framework Analysis method to ensure rigour. Results GPs used absolute CVD risk within three different communication strategies: ‘positive’, ‘scare tactic’, and ‘indirect’. A ‘positive’ strategy, which aimed to reassure and motivate, was used for patients with low risk, determination to change lifestyle, and some concern about CVD risk. Absolute risk was used to show how they could reduce risk. A ‘scare tactic’ strategy was used for patients with high risk, lack of motivation, and a dismissive attitude. Absolute risk was used to ‘scare’ them into taking action. An ‘indirect’ strategy, where CVD risk was not the main focus, was used for patients with low risk but some lifestyle risk factors, high anxiety, high resistance to change, or difficulty understanding probabilities. Non-quantitative absolute risk formats were found to be helpful in these situations. Conclusions This study demonstrated how GPs use three different communication strategies to address the issue of CVD risk, depending on their perception of patient risk, motivation and anxiety. Absolute risk played a different role within each strategy. Providing GPs with alternative ways of explaining absolute risk, in order to achieve different communication aims, may improve their use of absolute CVD risk assessment in practice.

2014-01-01

86

Online Personal Connection Presentation System for Communication Assistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the present technology and environment, we are able to interact with other people using online communities, while sometimes missing the opportunity to meet people in the real world. Location-based services have a strong correlation with the real world, and have the potential to develop online connections into off-line connections. However, most of these location-based services observe only users' action

Ryota Ayaki; Hideki Shimada

2010-01-01

87

Communicative Strategies of Swahili Learners: The One to One Principle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how second-language learners compensate for their target language deficiency in communication using the One to One Principle of interlanguage communication. Results indicate that target language aspects not adhering to one-to-one mapping between semantic and surface elements are problematic to the learners and are seemingly acquired late.…

Musau, Paul M.

1995-01-01

88

Relevance Theory, Action Theory and Second Language Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion in this article offers a comparison between Relevance Theory as an account of human communication and Herbert Clark's (1996) sociocognitive Action Theory approach. It is argued that the differences are fundamental and impact analysis of all kinds of naturally occurring communicative data, including that produced by non-native…

Foster-Cohen, Susan H.

2004-01-01

89

Strategies for Teaching Social and Emotional Intelligence in Business Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incorporating social and emotional skills (EI) training into the business communication curriculum is important for preparing students to function effectively in a global workplace with its complex informal networks, intercultural issues, team emphasis, and participatory leadership. EI skills enhance communication behavior in work groups and…

Sigmar, Lucia Stretcher; Hynes, Geraldine E.; Hill, Kathy L.

2012-01-01

90

Corporate social responsibility communication: stakeholder information, response and involvement strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

While it is generally agreed that companies need to manage their relationships with their stakeholders, the way in which they choose to do so varies considerably. In this paper, it is argued that when companies want to communicate with stakeholders about their CSR initiatives, they need to involve those stakeholders in a two-way communication process, defined as an ongoing iterative

Mette Morsing; Majken Schultz

2006-01-01

91

Assessing Preservice Teachers' Presentation Capabilities: Contrasting the Modes of Communication with the Constructed Impression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research-based understanding of how to develop and assess classroom presentation skills is vital for the effective development of pre-service teacher communication capabilities. This paper identifies and compares two different models of assessing pre-service teachers' presentation performance--one based on the Modes of Communication (voice,…

Bower, Matt G.; Moloney, Robyn A.; Cavanagh, Michael S.; Sweller, Naomi

2013-01-01

92

COMMUNICATING GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: INVESTIGATING MESSAGE STRATEGIES FOR COMMUNICATING THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE.  

EPA Science Inventory

The research program is designed to generate findings that provide specific guidance to science communicators and government officials on how to best communicate knowledge about global climate change and other environmental issues to diverse lay audiences. Beyond providing gui...

93

Strategies for Promoting Generalization of Social Communication Skills in Preschoolers and School-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective social communication interventions achieve 2 outcomes: enhancement of language and social skills and generalization of these skills during authentic interactions with peers. This article describes intervention contexts and strategies for promoting generalization of social communication skills in children with language impairments.…

Timler, Geralyn R.; Vogler-Elias, Dawn; McGill, K. Fay

2007-01-01

94

Bundling, Differentiation, Alliances and Mergers: Convergence Strategies in U.S. Communication Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Convergence is a multi-facetted phenomenon affecting the technological basis of information and communication industries, the boundaries of existing and new markets, and the organization of service providers. Convergence in substitutes will tend to increase the intensity of competition but convergence in complements may have the opposite effect. Given the economics of advanced communication industries, convergence necessitates strategies to overcome the

Johannes M. Bauer

2005-01-01

95

An Evaluation of Strategies for Training Staff to Implement the Picture Exchange Communication System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The picture exchange communication system (PECS) is a functional communication system frequently used with individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders who experience severe language delays (Frost & Bondy, 2002). Few empirical investigations have evaluated strategies for training direct care staff how to effectively implement PECS with…

Barnes, Clarissa S.; Dunning, Johnna L.; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

2011-01-01

96

Simulation Evaluation of Green Driving Strategies Based on Inter-Vehicle Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation system produces a large percentage of local pollutants including hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide from switching to alternative fuels, one measure would be to apply information and communication technologies to help us drive more smoothly so as to decrease pollutants emissions. This paper studies potential benefits of two green driving strategies based on inter-vehicle communication (IVC). Here

Hao Yang; Daji Yuan; W L Jin; Jean-Daniel M Saphores

2010-01-01

97

Comparing apology to equivalent crisis response strategies: Clarifying apology's role and value in crisis communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis communication has begun to systematically examine how people perceive the crisis response strategies using experimental designs. This is an important step in the evolution of crisis communication research. One problem with this research has been the over promotion of apology as “the” response. Too often the value of an apology is established by comparing how people react to an

W. Timothy Coombs; Sherry J. Holladay

2008-01-01

98

Risk communication strategies: state of the art and effectiveness in the context of cancer genetic services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is first to describe the different strategies used to communicate risks to patients in the field of cancer or genetics, to review their effectiveness, and to summarise the state of the art of this practice in particular, in cancer genetics. The target audience is health care professionals involved in the communication of cancer risks, and

Claire Julian-Reynier; Myriam Welkenhuysen; Lea Hagoel; Marleen Decruyenaere; Penelope Hopwood

2003-01-01

99

Talking to “the man”: Some communication strategies used by members of “subordinate” social groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The perspective from which a less powerful social group views a “dominant” group—either as another culture or as a co?culture —influences the structure and function of its strategies for communicating with the “dominant” group. Four recurring patterns of communication between groups with asymmetrical power relationships are analyzed using the theory of the coordinated management of meaning.

Marsha Houston Stanback; W. Barnett Pearce

1981-01-01

100

Mass communication and development: impact depends on strategies.  

PubMed

Development scholars are moving toward an emphasis on noneconomic factors (social values, social advancement, equality, individual freedom) and their interactions with labor, capital, and technology. People are now conceptualized as the agents of change, and they in turn must be convinced of the need for change. This new approach implies a need for a review of the role of mass communication in development. A central question is whether development makes possible mass communication development or do improved mass communication facilities--and the resulting increase in the flow of information--make possible economic and social development. Although there have undoubtedly been incidents in which self-serving politicians have used mass communication to oppress the masses, the mass media has the potential to be a powerful force in the education of the society, the sharing of consciousness, the creation of nationhood, and the promotion of socioeconomic development. Mass communication is, for example, vital in the development approach that accords importance to self-sufficiency at the village level. The mass media can be used in such cases to transmit information of a background nature to a group or community about their expressed needs and to disseminate innovations that may need these needs. In the final analysis, mass media's role in development depends on the media's messages reaching the target audiences. This underscores the importance of analyzing in advance who will be the recipients of a mass media campaign and encouraging community involvement in communications planning. PMID:12281809

Wete, F N

1988-01-01

101

Development of Laser Beam Transmission Strategies for Future Ground-to-Space Optical Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optical communications is a key technology to meet the bandwidth expansion required in the global information grid. High bandwidth bi-directional links between sub-orbital platforms and ground and space terminals can provide a seamless interconnectivity for rapid return of critical data to analysts. The JPL Optical Communications Telescope Laboratory (OCTL) is located in Wrightwood California at an altitude of 2.2.km. This 200 sq-m facility houses a state-of- the-art 1-m telescope and is used to develop operational strategies for ground-to-space laser beam propagation that include safe beam transmission through navigable air space, adaptive optics correction and multi-beam scintillation mitigation, and line of sight optical attenuation monitoring. JPL has received authorization from international satellite owners to transmit laser beams to more than twenty retro-reflecting satellites. This paper presents recent progress in the development of these operational strategies tested by narrow laser beam transmissions from the OCTL to retro-reflecting satellites. We present experimental results and compare our measurements with predicted performance for a variety of atmospheric conditions.

Wilson, Keith E.; Kovalik, Joseph M.; Biswas, Abhijit; Roberts, William T.

2007-01-01

102

Treatment of mild cognitive impairment: rationale, present and future strategies.  

PubMed

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a condition with a high conversion rate to Alzheimer's disease (AD), which justifies early diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. At the moment, treatment strategies for AD could be extrapolated to interventional strategies in MCI. This article reviews currently available symptomatic treatments with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, putative treatments such as antiglutamatergic drugs, nootropics, antioxidants, anti-inflammatory drugs and still controversial estrogen replacement therapy, and visionary treatments targeting neuropathological substrates of the disease, such as amyloid production and aggregation, phosphorylation of tau, formation of neurofibrillary tangles and apoptosis. Findings from epidemiological studies have expanded our knowledge on risk as well as possible neuroprotective factors and given means to develop preventive strategies with antihyperlipidaemic drugs such as statins. A wide range of suggested treatments and their possible combinations necessitate their efficacy assessment in well-designed randomized clinical trials where the crucial prerequisites are selection of the treatment population and definitions of outcome measures. Prevention and disease-modifying strategies are raising ethical questions because interventions are focused on non-diseased elderly at risk, which means that emphasis should be not only on efficacy but also on long-term safety. PMID:12603254

Jelic, Vesna; Winblad, Bengt

2003-01-01

103

Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five articles discussing communications in vocational education include "The Golden Rule of Administration" by Ben Mortensen; "Vital Link with Parents" by Richard Sullivan; "An Interpersonal Exercise" by John Villiers; "Face to Face with Employers" by Gregg Bosak; and "Recruitment Strategies" by Susan Miller. (SK)

Mortensen, Ben F.; And Others

1981-01-01

104

The Biotechnology Communication Paradox: Experimental Evidence and the Need for a New Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, communication strategies aimed at facilitating consumer acceptance of genetically modified foods have focused on technology-driven, top-down practices. The utility of these practices in influencing the extent to which consumers accept specific GM foods was tested in attitude change experiments involving 1655 consumers from Denmark, Germany, Italy, and the UK. Different information strategies were tested against a control

Joachim Scholderer; Lynn J. Frewer

2003-01-01

105

Effective Presentations: Communicating in Health Care Settings. An Offering of Step Ahead: A Partnership for Improved Health Care Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course in giving presentations developed especially for hospital employees is designed to be taught onsite and to complement a hospital's other training and staff development efforts. The topical focus is workplace communication. It is designed as an 8-hour course, with four 2-hour sessions. The curriculum guide consists of a list of course…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces. Dept. of English.

106

Co-designing communication and hazard preparedness strategies at Turrialba volcano, Costa Rica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Globally volcanic activity results in huge human, social, environmental and economic losses. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is the concept and systematic practice of reducing disaster risks and associated losses through a wide range of strategies, including efforts to increase knowledge through education and outreach. However, recent studies have shown a substantial gap between risk reduction actions taken at national and local levels, with national policies showing little change at the community level. Yet it is at local levels are where DRR efforts can have the biggest impact. This research focuses on communicating hazard preparedness strategies at Turrialba volcano, Costa Rica. Located in the Central Cordillera just 35 km northeast of Costa Rica's capital city San Jose this 3,340 m high active stratovolcano looms over Costa Rica's Central Valley, the social and economic hub of the country. Following progressive increases in degassing and seismic activity Turrialba resumed activity in 1996 after more than 100 years of quiescence. Since 2007 it has continuously emitted gas and since 2010 intermittent phreatic explosions accompanied by ash emissions have occurred. Despite high levels of hazard salience individuals and communities are not or under-prepared to deal with a volcanic eruption. In light of Turrialba's continued activity engaging local communities with disaster risk management is key. At the local levels culture (collective behaviours, interactions, cognitive constructs, and affective understanding) is an important factor in shaping peoples' views, understanding and response to natural phenomena. As such an increasing number of academic studies and intergovernmental organisations advocate for the incorporation of cultural context into disaster risk reduction strategies, which firstly requires documenting people's perception. Therefore approaching community disaster preparedness from a user-centred perspective, through an iterative and collaborative approach, is likely to result in DRR strategies that are considered more applicable and user-friendly by end users. This work presents results of a disaster preparedness workshop held with local communities around Turrialba. The workshop engaged the community in ideation and designing of concepts to increase levels of hazard preparedness. The concepts resulting from the workshop will be used to develop, through further collaboration with the end-users, DRR strategies tailored to be more relevant and accessible to the public. The approach presented here can equally be applied to the communication of DRR strategies in relation to other (natural) hazards.

van Manen, Saskia; Avard, Geoffroy; Martinez, Maria

2014-05-01

107

Quality of Students' Communicative Strategies Delivered Through Computer-Mediated Communications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the processes of interaction among learners in higher education using a model of content analysis to examine their social construction of knowledge through computer-mediated communications. We examined students' conference transcripts for evidence that their collaborative communicative acts generated constructions of new…

Hendricks, Veronica; Maor, Dorit

2004-01-01

108

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

Massey, Joseph Eric

2001-01-01

109

Learning through conflict: a realistic strategy for risk communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological conflicts are commonly seen as rooted in problems of risk perception and risk communication. This view is seriously deficient in that it does not fully appreciate that despite their technical content, the conflicts are at bottom political. Conflict of interests and values is evident even in differences over scientific agendas, methods, and interpretations, and especially in the inevitable cacophony

Paul C. Stern

1991-01-01

110

Developing proactive communication strategies for a potential pandemic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication through the Australian media during a potential avian influenza epidemic could act to inform the public OR misinform, contributing to unnecessary public panic and undesirable responses. This project is part of ongoing research to assess Australians’ knowledge and perceptions of bird flu which will allow the development of public service advertising messages for use by the Australian government in

Sandra C. Jones; D. Iverson; L. Waters; I. Bevins; R. Hayes; O. Holland

2007-01-01

111

Efficient Communication Strategies for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ad-hoc wireless network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized administration. This type of network is of great importance in situations where it is very difficult to provide the necessary infrastructure, but it is a challenging task to enable fast and reliable communication within such a

Micah Adler; Christian Scheideler

2000-01-01

112

Using Communication Strategies to Promote Sexual Health: Can Mass Media Get in Bed with the "Female" Condom?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many public health students receive little, if any, formal training in communicating health information to the public. Public health practitioners, however, are regularly asked to use communication strategies to convey health information. The lesson plan was designed to teach students mass communication strategies in the context of sexual health…

Levine, Sarah Mariel; Austin, S. Bryn

2010-01-01

113

Perceived cultural congruence’s influence on employed communication strategies and resultant performance: a transitional economy international joint venture illustration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing effective communication strategies is critical for international joint ventures (IJVs) operating in economies in transition. Theory suggests perceived cultural congruence enhances the effectiveness of communication in international relationships. The influence of perceived national culture congruence on the communication strategies (frequency, modality, direction and content) employed by an IJV partner and its influence on self-reported IJV performance is examined within

Ali Yavuz Zeybek; Matthew O’Brien; David A. Griffith

2003-01-01

114

Children's communicative abilities revisited: verbal versus perceptual disambiguating strategies in referential communication.  

PubMed

The way seven- and nine-year-old French children and adults interpret ambiguous object descriptions was studied in four experiments. All four experiments followed the same basic procedure and consisted of two phases. During the training phase, plastic blocks varying in shape, colour and size were associated with fruit names. Some objects were always given just one label, the generic term, whereas others could be given either the generic or the specific label. For example, large circles were referred to as 'pommes' ('apples'), and large blue circles as 'reinettes' (a kind of apple). Still others were given no name at all. During the test phase of the experiment, subjects were presented with referentially ambiguous messages and asked to point to a given object (Experiments 1, 2 and 3) or to draw an object (Experiment 4). The messages consisted of either a generic term preceded by an article (e.g. '(la pomme'-'the apple') or a verbal description based on a colour adjective (e.g. 'le bleu'-'the blue one'). When presented with the generic term, older children and adults persistently chose the object for which no specific term had been given during the training phase. When presented with an adjective description, they chose the referent for which no fruit name had been given during the training phase. Younger children's choices depended on whether the article preceding the description was definite or indefinite. These results are consistent with the Gricean approach to referential communication proposed by Jackson & Jacobs (1982) and with an extended version of the principle of contrast proposed by Clark (1987, 1988). PMID:2010500

Pynte, J; Girotto, V; Baccino, T

1991-02-01

115

NASA's Agency-Wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of NASA's risk analysis communication programs associated with changing environmental policies. The topics include: 1) NASA Program Transition; 2) Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC); and 3) Regulatory Tracking and Communication Process.

Scroggins, Sharon; Duda, Kristen

2008-01-01

116

Strategies and tensions in communicating research on sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: a qualitative study of the experiences of researchers and communications staff  

PubMed Central

Background Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and HIV issues are often controversial and neglected, leading to challenges with engaging policy actors. Research evidence is complex, posing further challenges for ensuring that policy and practice are evidence-based. Many health researchers are adopting innovative approaches to engaging stakeholders in their research, yet these experiences are not often shared. This qualitative study focuses on the research communication and policy influencing objectives, strategies and experiences of four research consortia working on SRH, HIV and AIDS. Methods We carried out 22 in-depth interviews with researchers and communications specialists (research actors) from the four consortia and their partners, working in nine countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Using the ‘framework’ approach to qualitative data analysis, we identified factors that affect the interaction of research evidence with policy and practice. We used the ODI RAPID analytical framework to present these results, adapting this tool by incorporating the actions, strategies and positionality of research actors. Results The characteristics of researchers and their institutions, policy context, the multiplicity of actors, and the nature of the research evidence all play a role in policy influencing processes. Research actors perceived a trend towards increasingly intensive and varied communication approaches. Effective influencing strategies include making strategic alliances and coalitions and framing research evidence in ways that are most attractive to particular policy audiences. Tensions include the need to identify and avoid unnecessary communication or unintended impacts, challenges in assessing and attributing impact and the need for adequate resources and skills for communications work. Conclusions We contend that the adapted RAPID framework can serve as a tool for research actors to use in resolving these tensions, through facilitating a reflexive approach to considering their own combination of attributes, skills, networks and objectives and the ways these relate to policy contexts, actors and processes.

2011-01-01

117

Relay communications strategies for Mars exploration through 2020  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mars exploration poses significant telecommunications challenges, including the return of large data volumes from high-resolution surface instruments, highly constrained mass, power, and energy for surface spacecraft, frequent telemetry and command sessions for supporting complex surface operations, and high-risk mission events such as entry, descent, and landing for which the capture of engineering telemetry is deemed critical. Relay telecommunication via Mars-orbiting spacecraft offers significant advantages in meeting these challenges, relative to conventional direct-to-Earth communications. NASA's Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey orbiters, along with ESA's Mars Express orbiter, represent an initial relay telecommunications infrastructure that has successfully supported the Spirit and Opportunity rovers. With the arrival of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in 2006, this expanded relay network will provide key support to the 2007 Phoenix Lander and 2009 Mars Science Laboratory missions later this decade. Second-decade mission concepts will introduce new communications challenges; the provision of relay payloads on science orbiters provides a cost-effective means to sustain and evolve the Mars relay network.

Edwards, C. D., Jr.; Arnold, B.; Depaula, R.; Kazz, G.; Lee, C.; Noreen, G.

2006-07-01

118

Oncologists' Strategies and Barriers to Effective Communication About the End of Life  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Communicating about the end of life with patients has been reported as one of the most difficult and stressful part of the work of oncologists. Despite this fact, oncologists receive little training in this area, and many do not communicate effectively with patients. The purpose of this analysis, part of a larger study examining oncologists' experiences of patient loss, was to explore oncologists' communication strategies and communication barriers when discussing end-of-life issues with patients. Methods: Twenty oncologists were interviewed at three hospitals about their communication strategies on end-of-life issues with patients. The data were analyzed using the grounded theory method. Results: The findings revealed the strategies to effective communication about the end of life included: being open and honest; having ongoing, early conversations; communicating about modifying treatment goals; and balancing hope and reality. Barriers to implementing these strategies fell broadly into three domains, including physician factors, patient factors, and institutional factors. Physician factors included difficulty with treatment and palliation, personal discomfort with death and dying, diffusion of responsibility among colleagues, using the “death-defying mode,” lack of experience, and lack of mentorship. Patient factors included, patients and/or families being reluctant to talk about the end of life, language barriers, and younger age. Institutional factors included stigma around palliative care, lack of protocol about end-of-life issues; and lack of training for oncologists on how to talk with patients about end-of-life issues. Conclusion: We conclude by drawing implications from our study and suggest that further research and intervention are necessary to aid oncologists in achieving effective communication about end-of-life issues.

Granek, Leeat; Krzyzanowska, Monika K.; Tozer, Richard; Mazzotta, Paolo

2013-01-01

119

Performance metrics and configuration strategies for group network communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increasing number of group-based multimedia applications over the Internet, for example, voice conference or multi-player games. For these applications, it is often necessary to select a strategy to distribute the multimedia streams or mixing the multimedia stream data so as to provide better quality of service (QoS) guarantees. However, there is no appropriate metrics to evaluate the

Tom Z. J. Fu; Dah Ming Chiu; John C. S. Lui

2007-01-01

120

The Use of Visual-Tactile Communication Strategies by Deaf and Hearing Fathers and Mothers of Deaf Infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a study comparing deaf and hearing parents in the use of visual-tactile communication strategies during interaction with their hearing-impaired chil- dren between 18 and 24 months of age. The study includes 17 deaf and hard-of-hearing children and 33 parents, covering hearing mothers (n = 12), hearing fathers (n = 11), deaf moth- ers (n

Gerrit Loots; Isabel Devisé

2003-01-01

121

Treatment strategies for inherited optic neuropathies: past, present and future  

PubMed Central

Bilateral visual loss secondary to inherited optic neuropathies is an important cause of registrable blindness among children and young adults. The two prototypal disorders seen in clinical practice are Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) and autosomal dominant optic atrophy (DOA). About 90% of LHON cases are due to one of three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) point mutations: m.3460G>A, m.11778G>A, and m.14484T>C, which affect critical complex I subunits of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The majority of patients with DOA harbour pathogenic mutations within OPA1, a nuclear gene that codes for a multifunctional inner mitochondrial membrane protein. Despite their contrasting genetic basis, LHON and DOA share overlapping pathological and clinical features that serve to highlight the striking tissue-specific vulnerability of the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) layer to disturbed mitochondrial function. In addition to severe visual loss secondary to progressive optic nerve degeneration, a subgroup of patients will also develop a more aggressive syndromic phenotype marked by significant neurological deficits. The management of LHON and DOA remains largely supportive, but major advances in our understanding of the mechanisms underpinning RGC loss in these two disorders are paving the way for novel forms of treatment aimed at halting or reversing visual deterioration at different stages of the disease process. In addition to neuroprotective strategies for rescuing RGCs from irreversible cell death, innovative in vitro fertilisation techniques are providing the tantalising prospect of preventing the germline transmission of pathogenic mtDNA mutations, eradicating in so doing the risk of disease in future generations.

Yu-Wai-Man, P; Votruba, M; Moore, A T; Chinnery, P F

2014-01-01

122

Treatment strategies for inherited optic neuropathies: past, present and future.  

PubMed

Bilateral visual loss secondary to inherited optic neuropathies is an important cause of registrable blindness among children and young adults. The two prototypal disorders seen in clinical practice are Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) and autosomal dominant optic atrophy (DOA). About 90% of LHON cases are due to one of three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) point mutations: m.3460G>A, m.11778G>A, and m.14484T>C, which affect critical complex I subunits of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The majority of patients with DOA harbour pathogenic mutations within OPA1, a nuclear gene that codes for a multifunctional inner mitochondrial membrane protein. Despite their contrasting genetic basis, LHON and DOA share overlapping pathological and clinical features that serve to highlight the striking tissue-specific vulnerability of the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) layer to disturbed mitochondrial function. In addition to severe visual loss secondary to progressive optic nerve degeneration, a subgroup of patients will also develop a more aggressive syndromic phenotype marked by significant neurological deficits. The management of LHON and DOA remains largely supportive, but major advances in our understanding of the mechanisms underpinning RGC loss in these two disorders are paving the way for novel forms of treatment aimed at halting or reversing visual deterioration at different stages of the disease process. In addition to neuroprotective strategies for rescuing RGCs from irreversible cell death, innovative in vitro fertilisation techniques are providing the tantalising prospect of preventing the germline transmission of pathogenic mtDNA mutations, eradicating in so doing the risk of disease in future generations. PMID:24603424

Yu-Wai-Man, P; Votruba, M; Moore, A T; Chinnery, P F

2014-05-01

123

Developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence (DECIDE): protocol and preliminary results  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare decision makers face challenges when using guidelines, including understanding the quality of the evidence or the values and preferences upon which recommendations are made, which are often not clear. Methods GRADE is a systematic approach towards assessing the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations in healthcare. GRADE also gives advice on how to go from evidence to decisions. It has been developed to address the weaknesses of other grading systems and is now widely used internationally. The Developing and Evaluating Communication Strategies to Support Informed Decisions and Practice Based on Evidence (DECIDE) consortium (http://www.decide-collaboration.eu/), which includes members of the GRADE Working Group and other partners, will explore methods to ensure effective communication of evidence-based recommendations targeted at key stakeholders: healthcare professionals, policymakers, and managers, as well as patients and the general public. Surveys and interviews with guideline producers and other stakeholders will explore how presentation of the evidence could be improved to better meet their information needs. We will collect further stakeholder input from advisory groups, via consultations and user testing; this will be done across a wide range of healthcare systems in Europe, North America, and other countries. Targeted communication strategies will be developed, evaluated in randomized trials, refined, and assessed during the development of real guidelines. Discussion Results of the DECIDE project will improve the communication of evidence-based healthcare recommendations. Building on the work of the GRADE Working Group, DECIDE will develop and evaluate methods that address communication needs of guideline users. The project will produce strategies for communicating recommendations that have been rigorously evaluated in diverse settings, and it will support the transfer of research into practice in healthcare systems globally.

2013-01-01

124

Advanced Image Search: A Strategy for Creating Presentation Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finding relevant digital images to create presentation boards requires advanced search skills. This article describes a course assignment involving a technique designed to develop students' literacy skills with respect to locating images of desired quality and content from Internet databases. The assignment was applied in a collegiate apparel…

Frey, Diane K.; Hines, Jean D.; Swinker, Mary E.

2008-01-01

125

Public communication strategy for NASA’s planetary protection program: Expanding the dialogue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Planetary Protection Office, in the Science Mission Directorate, has a long-term initiative under way in communication research and planning. The possibility of extraterrestrial life and efforts to search for evidence of it is one of NASA’s key missions and a subject of great interest to the public. Planetary protection plays a key role in the search for signs of life elsewhere, and NASA’s Planetary Protection Office has long recognized the importance of communications in accomplishing its goals and objectives. With solar system exploration missions advancing into the era of sample return and with the science of astrobiology changing assumptions about the nature and boundaries of life, the NASA Planetary Protection Office is expanding its communication research efforts. For the past decade, communication research sponsored by the NASA planetary protection program has focused on reaching members of the science community and addressing legal and ethical concerns. In 2003, the program broadened its communication research efforts, initiating the development of a communication strategy based on an interactive model and intended to address the needs of a broad range of external audiences. The NASA Planetary Protection Office aims to ensure that its scientific, bureaucratic, and other constituencies are fully informed about planetary protection policies and procedures and that scientists and officials involved in planetary protection are prepared to communicate with a variety of public audiences about issues relating to planetary protection. This paper describes NASA’s ongoing planetary protection communication research, including development of a communication strategy and a risk communication plan.

Billings, Linda

2006-01-01

126

COMMUNICATION: Stochastic resonance and the evolution of Daphnia foraging strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Search strategies are currently of great interest, with reports on foraging ranging from albatrosses and spider monkeys to microzooplankton. Here, we investigate the role of noise in optimizing search strategies. We focus on the zooplankton Daphnia, which move in successive sequences consisting of a hop, a pause and a turn through an angle. Recent experiments have shown that their turning angle distributions (TADs) and underlying noise intensities are similar across species and age groups, suggesting an evolutionary origin of this internal noise. We explore this hypothesis further with a digital simulation (EVO) based solely on the three central Darwinian themes: inheritability, variability and survivability. Separate simulations utilizing stochastic resonance (SR) indicate that foraging success, and hence fitness, is maximized at an optimum TAD noise intensity, which is represented by the distribution's characteristic width, ?. In both the EVO and SR simulations, foraging success is the criterion, and the results are the predicted characteristic widths of the TADs that maximize success. Our results are twofold: (1) the evolving characteristic widths achieve stasis after many generations; (2) as a hop length parameter is changed, variations in the evolved widths generated by EVO parallel those predicted by SR. These findings provide support for the hypotheses that (1) ? is an evolved quantity and that (2) SR plays a role in evolution.

Dees, Nathan D.; Bahar, Sonya; Moss, Frank

2008-12-01

127

Conscious perception of brain states: mental strategies for brain–computer communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Direct brain–computer communication utilises self-regulation of brain potentials to select letters, words or symbols from a computer menu. In this study a completely paralysed (locked-in) patient learnt to produce slow cortical potential (SCP) shifts to operate a binary spelling device. After hundreds of training sessions he gave a detailed description of his mental strategies for self-regulation. His cognitive strategies matched

Nicola Neumann; Andrea Kübler; Jochen Kaiser; Thilo Hinterberger; Niels Birbaumer

2003-01-01

128

Vascular rings: presentation, imaging strategies, treatment, and outcome.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the presenting symptoms, the effectiveness of imaging methods, and the surgical treatment of vascular rings. Data for 44 patients (32 enrolled prospectively, 12 reviewed retrospectively) over a 10-year period in a tertiary referral center were analyzed. These patients comprised 25 patients with a left aortic arch and an aberrant right subclavian artery, 13 patients with a right aortic arch and a left subclavian artery originating from Kommerell’s diverticulum, 1 patient with a right aortic arch and an aberrant left subclavian artery, 3 patients with a double aortic arch, and 2 patients with a pulmonary sling. Respiratory symptoms were found in 25 patients and dysphagia in 6 patients. Atypical symptoms such as reflex apnea, cyanosis, syncope episodes, and exercise-induced wheezing were noted in five patients. Associated congenital heart defects were detected in 41% of the patients. The diagnostic yield was 95.23% for barium esophagography, 54.54% for echocardiography, and 66.66% for computed tomography. The anatomy could be correctly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 97.43% and by angiography in 90.5% of the patients. Of the 30 patients who underwent surgery, 80% were completely relieved of symptoms during a mean follow-up period of 25 ± 33.5 months. Vascular rings should not be overlooked in infants with atypical symptoms. The authors’ diagnostic procedure of choice is MRI because it is superior to angiography for delineating the relationship between abnormal vascular structures, trachea, and esophagus. PMID:22314366

Kir, Mustafa; Saylam, Gul Sagin; Karadas, Ulas; Yilmaz, Nuh; Çakmakçi, Handan; Uzuner, Nevin; Güzelo?lu, Mehmet; Ugurlu, Baran; Oto, Öztekin

2012-04-01

129

Presenting quantitative information about decision outcomes: a risk communication primer for patient decision aid developers  

PubMed Central

Background Making evidence-based decisions often requires comparison of two or more options. Research-based evidence may exist which quantifies how likely the outcomes are for each option. Understanding these numeric estimates improves patients’ risk perception and leads to better informed decision making. This paper summarises current “best practices” in communication of evidence-based numeric outcomes for developers of patient decision aids (PtDAs) and other health communication tools. Method An expert consensus group of fourteen researchers from North America, Europe, and Australasia identified eleven main issues in risk communication. Two experts for each issue wrote a “state of the art” summary of best evidence, drawing on the PtDA, health, psychological, and broader scientific literature. In addition, commonly used terms were defined and a set of guiding principles and key messages derived from the results. Results The eleven key components of risk communication were: 1) Presenting the chance an event will occur; 2) Presenting changes in numeric outcomes; 3) Outcome estimates for test and screening decisions; 4) Numeric estimates in context and with evaluative labels; 5) Conveying uncertainty; 6) Visual formats; 7) Tailoring estimates; 8) Formats for understanding outcomes over time; 9) Narrative methods for conveying the chance of an event; 10) Important skills for understanding numerical estimates; and 11) Interactive web-based formats. Guiding principles from the evidence summaries advise that risk communication formats should reflect the task required of the user, should always define a relevant reference class (i.e., denominator) over time, should aim to use a consistent format throughout documents, should avoid “1 in x” formats and variable denominators, consider the magnitude of numbers used and the possibility of format bias, and should take into account the numeracy and graph literacy of the audience. Conclusion A substantial and rapidly expanding evidence base exists for risk communication. Developers of tools to facilitate evidence-based decision making should apply these principles to improve the quality of risk communication in practice.

2013-01-01

130

Management and Training across Cultures: Importance of Non-Verbal Communication Strategies--A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that cross-cultural and language barriers pose formidable challenges to managers, a case study examined the application of selective nonverbal communication strategies (nonverbal cues, learning by observation, and the organization of learning) for management and training development efforts within diverse cultural environments. Source…

Potoker, Elaine

131

Communication Strategy Use and Negotiation of Meaning in Text Chat and Videoconferencing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims at investigating meaning negotiation and communication strategy use among nonnative speakers of English in text chat and videoconferencing. Learners in a Chinese and a Japanese university participated in text chats and videoconferences to discuss culture-related topics using English as the common language. Text chat scripts and…

Zhao, Ying

2010-01-01

132

Code Switching and Code-Mixing as a Communicative Strategy in Multilingual Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how code switching and mixing are used as communication strategies in multilingual communities and discusses how to establish solidarity and rapport in multilingual discourse. Examples from the main languages spoken in Singapore--English, Mandarin, Hokkien, and Teochew--are used. (Author/OD)

Tay, Mary W. J.

1989-01-01

133

Person-Centered Planning: Strategies to Encourage Participation and Facilitate Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Person-centered planning is a process that allows individuals, family members, and friends an opportunity to share information to develop a personal profile and a future vision for an individual. This article describes strategies and technology that teachers can use to promote parents' participation and facilitate communication while maintaining…

Wells, Jenny C.; Sheehey, Patricia H.

2012-01-01

134

Second Language Teaching: A Communicative Strategy. The Foreign & Second Language Educator Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work is an attempt to explain the rationale and thinking that contributes to the "communication strategy" approach and to illustrate the practical applications of its ideas to second language teaching. It also proposes an approach to teaching based on two major goals: first, to incorporate the better features of audiolingual methods into a…

Smith, Philip D., Jr.

135

Business strategies and the adoption of ERP : Evidence from Taiwan's communications industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between business strategies and the adoption of enterprise resource planning (ERP) in Taiwan's communications industry. This sector has experienced astounding growth in production over the past three years. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data are collected from 100 organizations through face-to-face interviews. A discriminant analysis is used to test the hypotheses

Woan-yuh Jang; Ching-i Lin; Ming-ju Pan

2009-01-01

136

The impact of self interest and desire for liking on the selection of communicative strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects on selection of message strategies of variables relevant to two communicative objectives, task and interpersonal, were studied. Subjects composed a message in response to one of four situations: high or low self interest in compliance, or high or low desire for liking by the message recipient. Self interest influenced the degree of pressure exerted on the message recipient. Desire

Ruth Anne Clark

1979-01-01

137

The President's Letter to Stockholders: An Examination of Corporate Communication Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the content of president's letters of high and low performing firms in an effort to discover patterns in communication strategy.. Preliminary analysis of president's letters of the top and bottom 25 firms of the Fortune 500 based on return on equity revealed six recurring themes: (a) Environment, (b) Growth, (c) Operating Philosophy, (d) Markets and Products, (e)

Gary F. Kohut; Albert H. Segars

1992-01-01

138

Visual, Algebraic and Mixed Strategies in Visually Presented Linear Programming Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identified and classified solution strategies of (n=49) 10th-grade students who were presented with linear programming problems in a predominantly visual setting in the form of a computerized game. Visual strategies were developed more frequently than either algebraic or mixed strategies. Appendix includes questionnaires. (Contains 11 references.)…

Shama, Gilli; Dreyfus, Tommy

1994-01-01

139

Utilization of KSC Present Broadband Communications Data System For Digital Video Services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers a visibility study of utilizing present KSC broadband communications data system (BCDS) for digital video services. Digital video services include compressed digital TV delivery and video-on-demand. Furthermore, the study examines the possibility of providing interactive video on demand to desktop personal computers via KSC computer network.

Andrawis, Alfred S.

2001-01-01

140

Assessment of Theory of Mind in Children with Communication Disorders: Role of Presentation Mode  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with communication disorders have problems with both language and social interaction. The theory-of-mind hypothesis provides an explanation for these problems, and different tests have been developed to test this hypothesis. However, different modes of presentation are used in these tasks, which make the results difficult to compare. In…

van Buijsen, Marit; Hendriks, Angelique; Ketelaars, Mieke; Verhoeven, Ludo

2011-01-01

141

Utilization of KSC Present Broadband Communications Data System for Digital Video Services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers a visibility study of utilizing present KSC broadband communications data system (BCDS) for digital video services. Digital video services include compressed digital TV delivery and video-on-demand. Furthermore, the study examines the possibility of providing interactive video on demand to desktop personal computers via KSC computer network.

Andrawis, Alfred S.

2002-01-01

142

Analysis of the Motivational Orientation of and Learning Strategies Used by Students in a Written Business Communication Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was undertaken to determine how students in a written business communication course differ from one another in terms of their motivational orientation and in the learning strategies they use. The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) was administered to 44 students in two sections of a written business communication

Quible, Zane

2006-01-01

143

BOOTSTRAPPING COMMUNICATION IN LANGUAGE GAMES. STRATEGY, TOPOLOGY AND ALL THAT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semiotic dynamics is a fast growing eld according to which language can be seen as an evolv- ing and self-organizing system. In this paper we present a simple multi-agent framework able to account for the emergence of shared conventions in a population. Agents perform pairwise games and nal consensus is reached without any outside control nor any global knowledge of

ANDREA BARONCHELLI; VITTORIO LORETO; LUCA DALL' ASTA; ALAIN BARRAT

144

Infusing a Global Perspective into Business Communication Courses: From Rhetorical Strategies to Cultural Awareness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An infusion model for bringing a global perspective to business communication courses allows traditional course objectives to be met while presenting international material. In the typical 15-week term, the module begins with a four-week look at the traditional rhetorical patterns employed in business communication in the United States. It then…

Haight, Robert

145

NASA's Agency-wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research. To help enable existing and future programs to pursue this mission, NASA has established the Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC) to proactively identify, analyze, and communicate environmental regulatory risks to the NASA community. The RRAC PC is chartered to evaluate the risks posed to NASA Programs and facilities by environmentally related drivers. The RRAC PC focuses on emerging environmental regulations, as well as risks related to operational changes that can trigger existing environmental requirements. Changing regulations have the potential to directly affect program activities. For example, regulatory changes can restrict certain activities or operations by mandating changes in how operations may be done or limiting where or how certain operations can take place. Regulatory changes also can directly affect the ability to use certain materials by mandating a production phase-out or restricting usage aPi'iications of certain materials. Such changes can result in NASA undertaking material replacement efforts. Even if a regulation does not directly affect NASA operations, U.S. and international regulations can pose program risks indirectly through requirements levied on manufacturers and vendors of components and materials. For example, manufacturers can change their formulations to comply with new regulatory requirements. Such changes can require time-consuming and costly requalification certification for use in human spaceflight programs. The RRAC PC has implemented several strategies for proactively managing regulatory change to minimize potential adverse impacts to NASA Programs and facilities. This presentation highlights the lessons learned through establishing the RRAC PC, the process by which the RRAC PC monitors and distributes information about emerging regulatory requirements, and the cross-Agency cooperation that is vital to supporting NASA's mission.

Duda, Kristen; Scroggins. Sharon

2008-01-01

146

NASA's Agency-Wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research. To help enable existing and future programs to pursue this mission, NASA has established the Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC) to proactively identify, analyze, and communicate environmental regulatory risks to the NASA community. The RRAC PC is chartered to evaluate the risks posed to NASA Programs and facilities by environmentally related drivers. The RRAC PC focuses on emerging environmental regulations, as well as risks related to operational changes that can trigger existing environmental requirements. Changing regulations have the potential to directly affect program activities. For example, regulatory changes can restrict certain activities or operations by mandating changes in how operations may be done or limiting where or how certain operations can take place. Regulatory changes also can directly affect the ability to use certain materials by mandating a production phase-out or restricting usage applications of certain materials. Such changes can result in NASA undertaking material replacement efforts. Even if a regulation does not directly affect NASA operations, U.S. and international regulations can pose program risks indirectly through requirements levied on manufacturers and vendors of components and materials. For example, manufacturers can change their formulations to comply with new regulatory requirements. Such changes can require time-consuming and costly requalification certification for use in human spaceflight programs. The RRAC PC has implemented several strategies for proactively managing regulatory change to minimize potential adverse impacts to NASA Programs and facilities. This presentation highlights the lessons learned through establishing the RRAC PC, the process by which the RRAC PC monitors and distributes information about emerging regulatory requirements, and the cross-Agency cooperation that is vital to supporting NASA's mission.

Duda, Kristen; Scroggins, Sharon

2008-01-01

147

Communication Research for NASA's Planetary Protection Program: Science, Risk, Models, Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Planetary protection is the term used to describe policies and practices that are intended to prevent 1) contamination of extraterrestrial environments by microbial Earth life (forward contamination) and 2) contamination of Earth's environment by possible extraterrestrial microbial life (back contamination) in the course of solar system exploration. The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the international Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) both have planetary protection policies in place. Because the practice of planetary protection involves many different disciplines and many different national and international and governmental and nongovernmental organizations, communication has always been an important element of the practice. Thus NASA Planetary Protection Office has a long-term communication research initiative under way, addressing legal and ethical issues relating to planetary protection, models and methods of science and risk communication, and communication strategy and planning. With the pace of solar system exploration picking up, the era of solar system sample return under way, and public concerns about biological contamination heightened, communication is an increasingly important concern in the planetary protection community. This paper will describe current activities in communication research for NASA's planetary protection program.

Billings, L.

2004-12-01

148

[Palliative care: communication as a strategy of care for the terminal patient].  

PubMed

Palliative care involves an approach in the field of care for terminal patients and their families that seeks to assure them better quality of life by establishing good communication. The scope of this study was to verify how nurses use communication in the field of palliative care when assisting patients in the terminal phase. This is exploratory research of a qualitative nature in which 28 nurses working in wards of a hospital in the city of Joao Pessoa in the State of Paraíba participated in the period from August to October 2012. A form was used for data collection that was then analyzed using the content analysis technique. Three categories emerged from the analysis of the material: "palliative care and communication - interpersonal relationship between the nurse and the terminal patient"; "communication in palliative care as a strategy for strengthening the bond between the nurse and the terminal patient"; and "the importance of communication between the nurse and the family of the terminal patient under palliative care." The conclusion reached was that communication is seen to be an effective element of care for the patient in the terminal phase and it is extremely important for the promotion of palliative care. PMID:23989558

de Andrade, Cristiani Garrido; da Costa, Solange Fátima Geraldo; Lopes, Maria Emília Limeira

2013-09-01

149

Triple communicating complicated hepatic hydatid cyst: an unusual presentation and laparoendoscopic management.  

PubMed

Echinococcal disease in humans had been widely reported in the literature for its unusual presentation and location. We discuss a rare case of suppurated left hepatic hydatid cyst with contaminant transdiaphragmatic rupture communicating into the right pleural cavity along with fistulisation of cyst into the left hepatic duct and stomach which is very rare according to our knowledge. A 65-year-old man presented to us with features of cholangitis and sepsis. Initial radiological investigations revealed multiloculated cystic mass in the left lobe of cirrhotic liver communicating with the left hepatic duct and extending to the right pleural cavity with dilated common bile duct. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography confirmed the diagnosis yielding hydatid membranes with presence of transgastric fistula in the left hepatic duct and provided postoperatively continuous internal drainage. Old age, complicated cyst, compromised respiratory status, sepsis and cirrhotic liver precluded us to plan for conservative surgical approach (laparoscopic drainage of mediastinal contents) with successful outcome. PMID:24591384

Rajan, Pidigu Seshiyer; Bansal, Saurabh; Sathiyamurthy, Rudhramurthy; Palanivelu, Chinnusamy

2014-01-01

150

[DECIDE: developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence].  

PubMed

Healthcare systems are offered with a wide range of technologies and services, but they have to cope with decreasing resources and the uncertainty about what is effective and more appropriate. Making decisions about health care interventions is complex. Decisions should be informed by the best available evidence, being comprehensive to take into account all the relevant aspects (e.g. efficacy, safety, equity, costs), and taken within a limited time period. DECIDE is a project funded by the European Community that, using the GRADE methodology, aims at implementing strategies to enhance dissemination and communication of scientific evidence to support on-time evidence-based decision making in clinical practice and healthcare policies. Communication strategies are developed in order to address different target audiences, trying to meet their information needs. One key target are policy makers and managers who are responsible for coverage decision making. PMID:24326703

Parmelli, Elena; Amato, Laura; Saitto, Carlo; Davoli, Marina

2013-10-01

151

Communicating the Urgency and Challenge of Global Climate Change: Lessons Learned and New Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change can sometimes be characterized as a "creeping environmental problem"--it is complex and long-term, involves long system lags, lacks the immediacy of everyday experience and thus is hard to perceive, and feels overwhelming to most individuals. Climate change thus does not typically attain the status of an urgent concern, taking priority over other matters for individuals, organizations or in the policy arena. We review the major reasons behind this lack of urgency, and document the observed consequences of previous communication strategies, including lack of public understanding, indifference, confusion, fear and uncertainty. We find that certain emotional motivators such as fear and guilt, while oft-employed, do not actually result in improved recognition of the urgency of the issue, nor do they typically result in action. Rather, positive and engaging approaches may be more likely to achieve this goal. We propose seven strategies to improve the communication of climate change and its urgency: 1) Abide by basic communication rules and heed the warnings of communication experts; 2) Address the emotional and the temporal components of "urgency"; 3) Increase the persuasiveness of the message; 4) Use trusted messengers-broaden the circle; 5) Use opportunities well; 6) Tap into individual and cultural strengths and values; and 7) Unite and Conquer. The multi-faceted nature of the proposed strategies reflects the unique challenges of the climate change issue as well as the need to engage all levels and sectors of societies in the solution, from individuals, to businesses, to governments. These strategies and results emerged from a multi-disciplinary, academic/practitioner workshop on the topic held at NCAR in summer 2004.

Dilling, L.; Moser, S. C.

2004-12-01

152

Infantile holocord cellular ependymoma with communicating hydrocephalus: unusual presentation of a rare case.  

PubMed

We present a case of infantile holocord ependymoma in a 4-month-old boy who presented with infection of ventriculoperitoneal shunt done elsewhere for a communicating hydrocephalus. On magnetic resonance imaging, a diffuse holocord T2-hyperintense, T1-hypointense intramedullary bulky lesion with syringomyelia in the cervical level was seen. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of infantile holocord ependymoma. As the extent of morbidity associated with a spinal cord tumor is high, an increased level of suspicion and the need for a complete spinal cord screening in a case of infantile hydrocephalus without obvious clinical and radiological evidence of intracranial abnormality is emphasized. PMID:23512254

Aryan, Saritha; Ghosal, Nandita; Aziz, Zarina A; Hegde, A S; Dadlani, Ravi

2014-01-01

153

Communication strategies to help reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases: Proceedings from the inaugural IFIC Foundation Global Diet and Physical Activity Communications Summit  

PubMed Central

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which include cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes, all of which are associated with the common risk factors of poor diet and insufficient physical activity, caused 63% of all deaths globally in 2008. The increasing discussion of global NCDs, including at the 2011 United Nations General Assembly High-level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases, and a request for multi-stakeholder engagement, prompted the International Food Information Council Foundation to sponsor the Global Diet and Physical Activity Communications Summit: “Insights to Motivate Healthful, Active Lifestyles” on September 19, 2011, in New York City. The Summit brought together a diverse group of stakeholders, representing 34 nations from governments; communication, health, nutrition, and fitness professions; civil society; nonprofits; academia; and the private sector. The Summit provided expert insights and best practices for the use of science-based, behavior-focused communications to motivate individuals to achieve healthful, active lifestyles, with the goal of reducing the prevalence of NCDs. Presented here are some of the highlights and key findings from the Summit.

Fernstrom, Madelyn H; Reed, Kimberly A; Rahavi, Elizabeth B; Dooher, Carrie C

2012-01-01

154

Nasal Foreign Bodies: A Review of Management Strategies and a Clinical Scenario Presentation  

PubMed Central

We report a case of a toothbrush head lodged into the nasal cavity, which required an external rhinoplasty for retrieval. A review of the literature on management strategies in case of nasal foreign bodies is presented.

Patil, Pavan M.; Anand, Rajeev

2011-01-01

155

Understanding the main barriers to immunization in Colombia to better tailor communication strategies  

PubMed Central

Background The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in Colombia has made great advances since its inception in 1979; however, by 2010 vaccination coverage rates had been declining. In 2010, the EPI commissioned a nationwide study on practices on immunization, attitudes and knowledge, perceived service quality, and barriers to childhood immunization in order to tailor EPI communication strategies. Methods Colombia’s 32 geographical departments were divided into 10 regions. Interviewers from an independent polling company administered a survey to 4802 parents and guardians of children aged <5 years in these regions. To better assess barriers to vaccination, the study was designed to have 70% of participants who had children with incomplete vaccination schedules. Explanatory factorial, principal component, and cluster analyses were performed to place participants into a group (segment) representing the primary category of reasons respondents offered for not vaccinating their children. Types of barriers were then compared to other variables, such as service quality, communication preferences, and parental attitudes on vaccination. Results Although all respondents indicated that vaccines have health benefits, and 4738 (98.7%) possessed vaccination cards for their children, attitudes and knowledge were not always favorable to immunization. Six groups of immunization barriers were identified: 1) factors related to caregivers (24.4%), 2) vaccinators (19.7%), 3) health centers (18.0%), 4) the health system (13.4%), 5) concerns about adverse events (13.1%), and 6) cultural and religious beliefs (11.4%); groups 1, 5 and 6 together represented almost half (48.9%) of users, indicating problems related to the demand for vaccines as the primary barriers to immunization. Differences in demographics, communication preferences, and reported service quality were found among participants in the six groups and among participants in the 10 regions. Additionally, differences between how participants reported receiving information on vaccination and how they believed such information should be communicated were observed. Conclusions Better understanding immunization barriers and the users of the EPI can help tailor communication strategies to increase demand for immunization services. Results of the study have been used by Colombia’s EPI to inform the design of new communication strategies.

2014-01-01

156

Further explorations of post-crisis communication: Effects of media and response strategies on perceptions and intentions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crisis communication represents a rapidly growing body of research and is seeing an increased use of experimental methods. However, the experiments have relied exclusively on print stimuli resulting in little knowledge of channel effects on crisis communication. This study evaluates the effects of different response strategies and media channels on respondents exposed to a crisis. The study used a 2

W. Timothy Coombs; Sherry J. Holladay

2009-01-01

157

Trust and Relational Commitment in Corporate Crises: The Effects of Crisis Communicative Strategy and Form of Crisis Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which crisis communicative strategy and form of crisis response affect trust and relational commitment with respect to crisis contexts at the firm level, after controlling the effects of crisis type and organizational association. A survey of communication managers, crisis managers, and public relations and\\/or public affairs managers from Taiwan's

Yi-Hui Huang

2008-01-01

158

Integrating Lecture Capture as a Teaching Strategy to Improve Student Presentation Skills through Self-Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As digital natives from the "wired" Net Generation permeate today's classrooms, and educators adapt to students' digital expectations, exploring the pedagogical use of educational technology is essential for today's faculty. Student competency in oral communication and presentation skills transcends disciplines in higher education, as does the…

Smith, Charlene M.; Sodano, Todd M.

2011-01-01

159

An efficient communication strategy for mobile agent based distributed spatial data mining application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient communication strategy is proposed in this paper, which aims to improve the response time and availability of mobile agent based distributed spatial data mining applications. When dealing with decomposed complex data mining tasks or On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP), mobile agents authorized by the specified user need to coordinate and cooperate with each other by employing given communication method to fulfill the subtasks delegated to them. Agent interactive behavior, e.g. messages passing, intermediate results exchanging and final results merging, must happen after the specified path is determined by executing given routing selection algorithm. Most of algorithms exploited currently run in time that grows approximately quadratic with the size of the input nodes where mobile agents migrate between. In order to gain enhanced communication performance by reducing the execution time of the decision algorithm, we propose an approach to reduce the number of nodes involved in the computation. In practice, hosts in the system are reorganized into groups in terms of the bandwidth between adjacent nodes. Then, we find an optimal node for each group with high bandwidth and powerful computing resources, which is managed by an agent dispatched by agent home node. With that, the communication pattern can be implemented at a higher level of abstraction and contribute to improving the overall performance of mobile agent based distributed spatial data mining applications.

Han, Guodong; Wang, Jiazhen

2005-11-01

160

Catalysts for OTC drug communication strategies: perceptions of information source characteristics by the elderly.  

PubMed

The elderly are the prime users of all medication and especially self-medication using Over-the-Counter (OTC) drugs. This group also has the greatest risk from misuse or interaction of multiple medications. To minimize the risk, information about OTC consumption must be provided to the elderly. This research reports on the importance of various information sources to light and heavy users of OTC medications among the elderly and an evaluation of those information sources with respect to perceived expertise, credibility, understandability and relevance. Communication strategies are suggested for reaching this at-risk group. PMID:10111967

Lumpkin, J R; Lowrey, S J; Strutton, H D; Kouzi, C L

1991-01-01

161

Frequency of GP communication addressing the patient's resources and coping strategies in medical interviews: a video-based observational study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is increasing focus on patient-centred communicative approaches in medical consultations, but few studies have shown the extent to which patients' positive coping strategies and psychological assets are addressed by general practitioners (GPs) on a regular day at the office. This study measures the frequency of GPs' use of questions and comments addressing their patients' coping strategies or resources.

Trond A Mjaaland; Arnstein Finset

2009-01-01

162

The Communication of Identity during Face-to-Face Persuasive Interactions: Effects of Perceiver's Construct Differentiation and Target's Message Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the strategies people employ to deal with the face- and interaction-threatening implications of argumentative behavior. Explores the joint influence of individual differences in perceivers' interpersonal construct systems and message producers' communication strategies on the content and structure of impressions of message producers. (MS)

O'Keefe, Barbara J.; Shepherd, Gregory J.

1989-01-01

163

Intervention strategies to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases in Mexico: cost effectiveness analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To inform decision making regarding intervention strategies against non-communicable diseases in Mexico, in the context of health reform. Design Cost effectiveness analysis based on epidemiological modelling. Interventions 101 intervention strategies relating to nine major clusters of non-communicable disease: depression, heavy alcohol use, tobacco use, cataracts, breast cancer, cervical cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Data sources Mexican data sources were used for most key input parameters, including administrative registries; disease burden and population estimates; household surveys; and drug price databases. These sources were supplemented as needed with estimates for Mexico from the WHO-CHOICE unit cost database or with estimates extrapolated from the published literature. Main outcome measures Population health outcomes, measured in disability adjusted life years (DALYs); costs in 2005 international dollars ($Int); and costs per DALY. Results Across 101 intervention strategies examined in this study, average yearly costs at the population level would range from around ?$Int1m (such as for cataract surgeries) to >$Int1bn for certain strategies for primary prevention in cardiovascular disease. Wide variation also appeared in total population health benefits, from <1000 DALYs averted a year (for some components of cancer treatments or aspirin for acute ischaemic stroke) to >300?000 averted DALYs (for aggressive combinations of interventions to deal with alcohol use or cardiovascular risks). Interventions in this study spanned a wide range of average cost effectiveness ratios, differing by more than three orders of magnitude between the lowest and highest ratios. Overall, community and public health interventions such as non-personal interventions for alcohol use, tobacco use, and cardiovascular risks tended to have lower cost effectiveness ratios than many clinical interventions (of varying complexity). Even within the community and public health interventions, however, there was a 200-fold difference between the most and least cost effective strategies examined. Likewise, several clinical interventions appeared among the strategies with the lowest average cost effectiveness ratios—for example, cataract surgeries. Conclusions Wide variations in costs and effects exist within and across intervention categories. For every major disease area examined, at least some strategies provided excellent value for money, including both population based and personal interventions.

2012-01-01

164

The Effects of Varying Pictorial Detail and Presentation Strategy on Concept Formation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of varying pictorial detail and presentation strategy on learners of varying grade levels in a visually transmitted concept formation task. Specifically, line drawings containing only relevant details and halftones containing relevant and irrelevant detail were presented successively and…

Gorman, Don A.

165

Motivations and self-presentation strategies on Korean-based "Cyworld" weblog format personal homepages.  

PubMed

The main purposes of this study are to find out individuals' motives and interpersonal self-presentation strategies on constructing Korean weblog format personal homepage (e.g., "Cyworld mini-homepage"). The study also attempts to find predictor motives that lead to the activities of posting and maintaining a homepage and compare the self-presentation strategies used on the Web with those commonly used in interpersonal situations. By using a principal component factor analysis, four salient self-presentation strategy factors and five interpretable mini-homepage hosting motive factors were identified. Accompanying multiple regression analysis shows that entertainment and personal income factors are major predictors in explaining homepage maintenance expenditures and frequencies of updating. PMID:17305445

Jung, Taejin; Youn, Hyunsook; McClung, Steven

2007-02-01

166

Instructional Strategies for Achieving a Positive Impression in Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) Distance Education Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid development of computer technology in recent years, distance education, and especially computer-mediated communication (CMC), has expanded very quickly. The application of computer technology in education presents many unanswered questions, including issues related to impression formation and impression management in…

Liu, Yuliang; Ginther, Dean W.

167

A Conceptual Framework for Focusing the Teaching of Communication Skills on Compliance-Gaining Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognition of the importance of patient compliance with medication regimens has resulted in a total redesign of a course at the Auburn University School of Pharmacy. A description of the rationale and methodology for focusing communication courses on patient compliance is presented along with a conceptual model and course syllabus. (Author/MLW)

Berger, Bruce A.; Felkey, Bill G.

1989-01-01

168

Learning Our Way into Communication: The Making of the Communication and Information Strategy "with" the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the making of the Communication and Information Strategy with the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme (NAADS) in Uganda. The NAADS is a new organization in government responsible for the implementation of a demand-driven agricultural extension approach. The new extension approach calls for fundamental changes in…

Ramirez, Ricardo

2005-01-01

169

Effects of visual grouping strategies of computer-animated presentations on selective attention in science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of visual grouping strategies involving animated and static graphic presentations on selective attention were\\u000a studied. Also studied was the ability of students to learn a scientific rule presented incidentally in an animated sequence.\\u000a A total of 39 fourth-graders participated in an introductory lesson on Newton's laws of motion. Two levels of Visual Presentation\\u000a (Static Graphic, Animated Graphic) were

Lloyd P. Rieber

1991-01-01

170

The Development and Presentation of an Interprofessional Survey Course in Health Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interdisciplinary course in health communication can begin to bridge the gap in knowledge between different health care disciplines and provide epistemological gains for both health care practitioners and communication scholars. Possible topics include patient interviewing, health education, practitioner/patient relationships, health care…

Kreps, Gary L.

171

Context and Communication Strategies in Naturalistic Behavioural Intervention: A Framework for Understanding How Practitioners Facilitate Communication in Children with ASD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many different approaches to intervention aimed at facilitating the social and communicative abilities of children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Behavioural interventions seek to improve the social and communicative abilities of children with ASD through interaction. Recently there has been a move towards naturalistic…

Sowden, Hannah; Perkins, Mick; Clegg, Judy

2011-01-01

172

How Italian hospital Web sites communicate risk management strategies: The case of hospital-acquired infections.  

PubMed

We aimed to investigate the Web site contents of Italian National Health System structures regarding health care-associated infection (HAI). For each Web site a form inquiring about the availability of information about HAI issues and their prevention was filled in. An HAI section was available in the Web site of 19.3% of facilities. In 1.6% of Web sites this information was available on the homepage. The most frequently reported information was related to infection control practitioners, HAI surveillance systems, and handwashing hygiene. In conclusion, the communication of risks related to clinical practice should be part of risk management systems and should assume a significant position in content strategy activities. PMID:24767573

Gallone, Maria Serena; Tafuri, Silvio; Preziosa, Vincenza Paola; Quarto, Michele; Germinario, Cinzia

2014-07-01

173

[Risk perception and strategies for mass communication on dengue in the Americas].  

PubMed

Dengue is clearly a very serious public health problem. In the Americas the number of dengue cases has been increasing since the 1960s, and outbreaks of the disease have been occurring more frequently. Furthermore, the density of infestation with the disease vector, the Aedes aegypti mosquito, is high in the Americas. The general strategy for preventing and controlling dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever is based on promoting behavior changes that lead to incorporating the community in controlling the disease, particularly the vector. In order to achieve this, mass communication programs on dengue should have two primary aims: converting information into practice and encouraging the community to take over prevention and control measures. The new generation of programs should be designed based on the local sanitation structure (water distribution and waste disposal) as well as information on community organizations and the roles of different family members. Furthermore, the new programs should incorporate all the following ten components: epidemiological surveillance, intersectoral actions, community participation, managing the environment and basic services, patient care, case reporting, education, using insecticides and vector control, training, and preparing for emergencies. Communication should be aimed at modifying the behavior of individuals and the community by empowering them to carry out prevention and control measures. PMID:15030659

San Martín, José Luis; Prado, Mónica

2004-02-01

174

Explaining the unexplainable: designing a national strategy on classroom communication concerning the 22 July terror attack in Norway  

PubMed Central

Background In the context of crisis and disasters, school-aged children are a vulnerable group with fewer coping resources than adults. The school is a key arena for preventive interventions; teachers can be given a key role in large-scale school-based interventions following a man-made or natural disaster. Objectives This paper describes a practical example of designing a school-based population-level intervention. Methods The preventive measures were delivered as a national communication strategy between teachers and pupils aged 6–19 concerning the terror attack on 22 July 2011 in Norway. The strategy is based on principles from international research. Results The presentation contributes to the discussion of defining the teacher's role in school-based crisis interventions and dealing with high-intensity media coverage of war, terror, and catastrophes. Conclusions The presentation provides educational and psychological perspectives on how teachers can take an active role in helping pupils to deal with such events through two approaches: the therapeutic approach, to restore calm and feelings of safety; and the educational approach, to foster reflection and deeper understanding.

Schultz, Jon-Hakon; Langballe, Ase; Raundalen, Magne

2014-01-01

175

Individual audio channels with single display groupware: effects on communication and task strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a system that allows four users to each receive sound from a private audio channel while using a shared tabletop display. In order to explore how private audio channels affect a collaborative work environment, we conducted a user study with this system. The results reveal differences in work strategies when groups are presented with individual versus public audio,

Meredith Ringel Morris; Dan Morris; Terry Winograd

2004-01-01

176

Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue on communication includes annotated listings of Web sites, CD-ROM and computer software, videos, books, and professional resources that deal with various methods of communication. Sidebars discuss mythology, photojournalism, sharing ideas on the Web, and songs of protest. Suggestions for class activities are also included. (LRW)

Online-Offline, 1998

1998-01-01

177

Why 'Science + Solutions' Is An Effective & Essential Climate Communications Strategy (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Success in the Second World War was enabled in large part through advances in science and technology such as radar and the Manhattan Project, and the subsequent growth of the US economy endowed scientists with unrivaled influence in society and policy-making. But climate science has not been immune to criticism, and attacks on what 97% of expert climate scientists regard as well-established have continued. However, as shown in Leiserowitz et al's series of SIX AMERICAS studies, the vast majority of citizens are neither firmly committed against accepting the reality of human-caused climate change, nor 100% certain of the cause. The question, then, is how to reach 'the movable middle.' Richard Alley's 'Earth: The Operators' Manual'-a 3-part series aired nationally on PBS, and supported by the National Science Foundation-was an attempt to improve the understanding of consensus climate science, and showcase examples of clean energy innovations in the United States and worldwide. A fundamental design principle for the series, derived from close reading of social science studies, was to include solutions along with solid science. In addition, the producers enlisted a diverse cast of on-camera personalities alongside Alley: Texas ranchers, Republican senators and Kansan bankers, CEOs and academics, a Navy rear admiral in dress whites, and 'energy captains' in inner city Baltimore. An NSF-mandated Summative Evaluation documented the success of these approaches, and the first two programs reached some 3.6 million viewers on PBS. However, the rapidly-evolving media landscape has meant that national primetime exposure is only part of how climate information is 'sent' and 'received' today. ETOM structured its Facebook page to embody the same solutions-oriented philosophy, and has secured an 'Engagement Index' higher than Buzzfeed, and more than most other environment- and climate-oriented pages. ETOM programs can be downloaded in HD for watch parties, and many schools, universities and church groups have used the project in this way. Alley is working with Penn State and Coursera on a MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) focused on energy, economics and the environment and linking to several ETOM YouTube videos. As important as new media, however, is the core message-featured most prominently in the third ETOM program, 'Energy Quest USA'-that regardless of national policies states and cities are moving ahead on clean energy solutions with consequent beneficial impacts on climate change. By cutting demand through conservation and efficiency, Baltimore has avoided a new coal-fired generating plant. Through 30 years of wise urban planning and the support of mass transit, Portland, Oregon, has reduced an average family's transportation costs by some $2,500, while improving health by encouraging cycling and walking. There are proven ways both to adapt to a changing climate and to begin to mitigate its most severe impacts. The ETOM project shows that when presented in a wide and diverse set of media, and in an authoritative and apolitical framework, those messages are received and appreciated by large public audiences. This presentation will report on the success of several of the strategies adopted by the ETOM project, and how they contrast with, or complement, other communications efforts on clean energy and climate change.

Haines-Stiles, G.; Alley, R. B.; Akuginow, E.

2013-12-01

178

Examining Success of Communication Strategies Used by Formal Caregivers Assisting Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease during an Activity of Daily Living  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To examine how formal (i.e., employed) caregivers' use verbal and nonverbal communication strategies while assisting individuals with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease (AD) during the successful completion of an activity of daily living (ADL). Based on the literature, the authors hypothesized that caregivers' use of 1 proposition,…

Wilson, Rozanne; Rochon, Elizabeth; Mihailidis, Alex; Leonard, Carol

2012-01-01

179

Relationships among Perceived Instructor Verbal Approach and Avoidance Relational Strategies and Students' Motives for Communicating with Their Instructors. Brief Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of a new "student engagement" benchmark for teaching and institutional effectiveness in higher education, this study focused on the relationships between perceived instructor use of verbal approach and avoidance relational strategies and students' motives for communicating with their instructors. The data suggest that perceived instructor…

Mottet, Timothy P.; Martin, Matthew M.; Myers, Scott A.

2004-01-01

180

EVALUATION OF THREE STRATEGIES OF COMMUNICATION IN A PROMOTIONAL CAMPAIGN OF FAMILIAR ORGANIC GARDENS. QUITO - PICHINCHA, 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In three educative extensions of IRFEYAL, Quito-Pichincha, the effectiveness of three strategies of communication in a promotional campaign of Familiar Organic Gardens was evaluated. (1 Actor's Theatrical Piece, 2. Radio Program, and 3. Television Program, each one with popularization brochures). Its effect on the understanding of a message related to the \\

María del Pilar Bonilla; Manuel Suquilanda

181

“That's just a basic teen?age rule”;: Girls’ linguistic strategies for managing the menstrual communication taboo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Powerful social taboos dictate that menstruation should not be discussed socially. Adolescent girls, however, frequently feel a need to talk about menstruation and to share information about it, but they are usually embarrassed to talk about menstruation. Their efforts to avoid and prevent this embarrassment while meeting their communication needs have led them to develop creative linguistic strategies such as

Elizabeth Arveda Kissling

1996-01-01

182

A Content Analysis of Multinationals' Web Communication Strategies: Cross-Cultural Research Framework and Pre-Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of research methodology for evaluating the degree of standardization in multinational corporations' online communication strategies across differing cultures focuses on a research framework for cross-cultural comparison of corporate Web pages, applying traditional advertising content study techniques. Describes pre-tests that examined…

Okazaki, Shintaro; Alonso Rivas, Javier

2002-01-01

183

Successful Information and Communication Technology Implementation Strategies for Rural Communities: An Investigation of Tech-Based Economic Development Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many rural communities across America face several obstacles in the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) initiatives and struggle with the best approaches for leveraging these elements into an economic development strategy. These obstacles include: lack of quality local ICTs infrastructure, funding, inability to…

Sullivan, Donna Annette

2009-01-01

184

Getting Things Done in the L1 and L2: Bilingual Immigrant Women's Use of Communication Strategies in Entrepreneurial Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the communication strategies of four bilingual, immigrant women entrepreneurs within the context of their businesses. The analysis revealed that L1 and L2 use is crucial to the business success of the participants. L1 conversations consisted of largely private speech and directives. The women positioned themselves as…

Collier, Shartriya

2010-01-01

185

A content analysis of multinationals' Web communication strategies: cross-cultural research framework and pre-testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the growing trend toward the interactive medium, there would appear to be a lack of comprehensive research methodology for evaluating the degree of standardisation in multinational corporations’ (MNCs’) online communication strategies across differing cultures. The objective of this exploratory study is to construct a research framework for cross-cultural comparison of corporate Web pages, applying traditional advertising content study techniques.

Shintaro Okazaki; Javier Alonso Rivas

2002-01-01

186

Self-Assessment of Oral Communication Presentations in Food Science and Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-assessment allows learners to observe, analyze, and evaluate their own performances. Self-reflection allows the student to assess his or her communication skill level and progress against a standard. Additionally, the implementation of self-assessment through carefully prepared classroom experiences enables learners to manage their own…

Reitmeier, C. A.; Vrchota, D. A.

2009-01-01

187

Manpower in Basic Neurologic and Communicative Sciences: Present Status and Future Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There are now 7,500 scientists working in the basic neurobehavioral and communicative sciences areas, 89% in academic, and 11% in nonacademic settings. Sixty five percent have Ph.D.s, 23% have M.D.s, and 12% hold both degrees. The main source of neuroscie...

1977-01-01

188

Distance Education Technology Study. Final Report: Executive Summary presented to: Wisconsin Educational Communications Board.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the final report and executive summary of a distance education technology study conducted on behalf of the Wisconsin Educational Communications Board (WECB) during 1992-93 in order to provide information to assist the educational institutions of the state in formulating strategic directions for the development of distance…

Evans Associates, Thiensville, WI.

189

Identifiability and self-presentation: computer-mediated communication and intergroup interaction.  

PubMed

This research investigated the intergroup properties of hostile 'flaming' behaviour in computer-mediated communication and how flaming language is affected by Internet identifiability, or identifiability by name and e-mail address/geographical location as is common to Internet communication. According to the Social Identity Model of Deindividuation Effects (SIDE; e.g. Reicher, Spears, & Postmes, 1995) there may be strategic reasons for identifiable groups members to act in a more group-normative manner in the presence of an audience, to gain acceptance from the in-group, to avoid punishment from the out-group, or to assert their identity to the out-group. For these reasons, it was predicted that communicators would produce more stereotype-consistent (group-normative) descriptions of out-group members' behaviours when their descriptions were identifiable to an audience. In one archival and three experimental studies, it was found that identifiability to an in-group audience was associated with higher levels of stereotype-consistent language when communicators described anonymous out-group targets. These results extend SIDE and suggest the importance of an in-group audience for the expression of stereotypical views. PMID:11593941

Douglas, K M; McGarty, C

2001-09-01

190

Graphic Presentation: An Empirical Examination of the Graphic Novel Approach to Communicate Business Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphic novels have been increasingly incorporated into business communication forums. Despite potential benefits, little research has examined the merits of the graphic novel approach. In response, we engage in a two-study approach. Study 1 explores the potential of graphic novels to affect learning outcomes and finds that the graphic novel was…

Short, Jeremy C.; Randolph-Seng, Brandon; McKenny, Aaron F.

2013-01-01

191

Suffering among carers working in critical care can be reduced by an intensive communication strategy on end-of-life practices  

PubMed Central

Purpose Burn-out syndrome (BOS) has frequently been reported in healthcare workers, and precipitating factors include communication problems in the workplace, and stress related to end-of-life situations. We evaluated the effect of an intensive communication strategy on BOS among caregivers working in intensive care (ICU). Methods Longitudinal, monocentric, before-and-after, interventional study. BOS was evaluated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and depression using the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in 2007 (period 1) and 2009 (period 2). Between periods, an intensive communication strategy on end-of-life practices was implemented, based on improved organisation, better communication, and regular staff meetings. Results Among 62 caregivers in the ICU, 53 (85%) responded to both questionnaires in period 1 and 49 (79%) in period 2. We observed a significant difference between periods in all three components of the MBI (emotional exhaustion, p=0.04; depersonalization p=0.04; personal accomplishment, p=0.01). MBI classified burnout as severe in 15 (28%) caregivers in period 1 vs 7 (14%) in period 2, p<0.01, corresponding to a 50% risk reduction. Symptoms of depression as evaluated by the CES-D were present in 9 (17%) caregivers in period 1 vs 3 (6%) in period 2, p<0.05, corresponding to a risk reduction of almost 60%. Conclusion The implementation of an active, intensive communication strategy regarding end-of-life care in the ICU was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of burn-out syndrome and depression in a stable population of caregiving staff.

Quenot, Jean-Pierre; Rigaud, Jean-Philippe; Prin, Sebastien; Barbar, Saber; Pavon, Arnaud; Hamet, Mael; Jacquiot, Nicolas; Blettery, Bernard; Herve, Christian; Charles, Pierre Emmanuel; Moutel, Gregoire

2012-01-01

192

Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Communication impairment is a core deficit associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Therefore, it should not be surprising\\u000a that this topic has become a major thrust of assessment and treatment in applied behavior analysis (ABA). The types of communication\\u000a skills to target for intervention and the behavioral assessment methods that can be used to identify these target behaviors\\u000a are reviewed

Jeff Sigafoos; Mark F. O’Reilly; Giulio E. Lancioni

193

Matched and Mismatched Appraisals of the Effectiveness of Communication Strategies by Family Caregivers of Persons with Alzheimer's Disease  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Communication problems stemming from Alzheimer's disease (AD) often result in misunderstandings that can be linked with problem behaviours and increased caregiver stress. Moreover, these communication breakdowns also can result either from caregivers' use of ineffective communication strategies, which paradoxically are…

Savundranayagam, Marie Y.; Orange, J. B.

2014-01-01

194

Stormy weather: testing “stealing thunder” as a crisis communication strategy to improve communication flow between organizations and journalists  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experiment was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a highly proactive approach to crisis communication called “stealing thunder.” Reporters and journalism students were asked to read one of two fictitious crisis scenarios: one in which the organization’s public relations practitioner stole thunder (broke the news about the crisis) by contacting the journalist, and one in which the journalist learned

Laura M. Arpan; Donnalyn Pompper

2003-01-01

195

Relative Effects of Visualized and Verbal Presentation Methods in Communicating Environmental Information among Stakeholders: Okavango Delta, Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the relative effectiveness of 2 public instructional communication methods in improving selected predictors of knowledge-sharing behaviors among communities in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. A total of 120 subjects took part in a quasiexperimental study, with 2 experimental treatments: (a) visualized PowerPoint…

Thakadu, Olekae T.; Irani, Tracy; Telg, Ricky

2011-01-01

196

NASA's Agency-Wide Strategy for Environmental Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Agency-wide.resource for identifying and managing risks associated with changing environmental regulations Goals of the RRAC PC: 1) Proactively. detect, analyze and communicate environmental regulatory risks to NASA Programs and facilities; 2) Communicate with regulators and participate in the mitigation of such risks; and 3) Provide centralized support on emerging regulations to NASA HQ Environmental Management Division. When significant regulatory changes are identified, timely communication is essential. Communication of changing requirements to the regulatory stakeholders - NASA Programs and Facilities. Communication of potential issues to management and, when appropriate, back to the regulating agency.

Scroggins, Sharon

2008-01-01

197

Modeling and distributed gain scheduling strategy for load frequency control in smart grids with communication topology changes.  

PubMed

In this paper, we investigate the modeling and distributed control problems for the load frequency control (LFC) in a smart grid. In contrast with existing works, we consider more practical and real scenarios, where the communication topology of the smart grid changes because of either link failures or packet losses. These topology changes are modeled as a time-varying communication topology matrix. By using this matrix, a new closed-loop power system model is proposed to integrate the communication topology changes into the dynamics of a physical power system. The globally asymptotical stability of this closed-loop power system is analyzed. A distributed gain scheduling LFC strategy is proposed to compensate for the potential degradation of dynamic performance (mean square errors of state vectors) of the power system under communication topology changes. In comparison to conventional centralized control approaches, the proposed method can improve the robustness of the smart grid to the variation of the communication network as well as to reduce computation load. Simulation results show that the proposed distributed gain scheduling approach is capable to improve the robustness of the smart grid to communication topology changes. PMID:24200162

Liu, Shichao; Liu, Xiaoping P; El Saddik, Abdulmotaleb

2014-03-01

198

Cowpox virus employs a two-pronged strategy to outflank MHCI antigen presentation.  

PubMed

Smallpox decimated humanity for thousands of years before being eradicated by vaccination, a success facilitated by the fact that humans are the only host of variola virus. In contrast, other orthopoxviruses such as cowpox virus can infect a variety of mammalian species, although its dominant reservoir appears to be rodents. This difference in host specificity suggests that cowpox may have developed promiscuous immune evasion strategies to facilitate zoonosis. Recent experiments have established that cowpox can disrupt MHCI antigen presentation during viral infection of both human and murine cells, a process enabled by two unique proteins, CPXV012 and CPXV203. While CPXV012 inhibits antigenic peptide transport from the cytosol to the ER, CPXV203 blocks MHCI trafficking to the cell surface by exploiting the KDEL-receptor recycling pathway. Our recent investigations of CPXV203 reveal that it binds a diverse array of classical and non-classical MHCI proteins with dramatically increased affinities at the lower pH of the Golgi relative to the ER, thereby providing mechanistic insight into how it works synergistically with KDEL receptors to block MHCI surface expression. The strategy used by cowpox to both limit peptide supply and disrupt trafficking of fully assembled MHCI acts as a dual-edged sword that effectively disables adaptive immune surveillance of infected cells. PMID:23312338

McCoy, William H; Wang, Xiaoli; Yokoyama, Wayne M; Hansen, Ted H; Fremont, Daved H

2013-09-01

199

The MHC class I antigen presentation pathway: strategies for viral immune evasion  

PubMed Central

Presumably because of the selective pressure exerted by the immune system, many viruses have evolved proteins that interfere with antigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. These viruses utilize a whole variety of ingenious strategies to inhibit the MHC class I pathway. Viral proteins have been characterized that exploit bottlenecks in the MHC class I pathway, such as peptide translocation by the transporter associated with antigen processing. Alternatively, viral proteins can cause the degradation or mislocalization of MHC class I molecules. This is often achieved by the subversion of the host cell's own protein degradation and trafficking pathways. As a consequence elucidation of how these viral proteins act to subvert host cell function will continue to give important insights not only into virus–host interactions but also the function and mechanism of cellular pathways.

Hewitt, Eric W

2003-01-01

200

Effects of Embedding Caregiver-Implemented Teaching Strategies in Daily Routines on Children's Communication Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of instructing caregivers to implement teaching strategies within daily routines were investigated using a multiple baseline design across caregiver strategies and participants. Four toddlers with developmental delays participated in intervention conducted by their primary caregiver within the family's preferred play routines. To assess generalization, caregiver teaching strategy use was observed during other caregiving and outdoor play routines. Caregiver strategy

Juliann Woods; Shubha Kashinath; Howard Goldstein

2004-01-01

201

Comparison of Annie Sullivan's Teaching Strategies for Literacy and Communication to the Current Outcome Performance Indicators in Deaf-Blindness: An Exploratory Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored teaching strategies for communication and literacy development in deaf-blind students by determining if there was a significant relationship between the instructional strategies practiced by Annie Sullivan in the early 1900s and the contemporary instructional strategies recommended by The National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness…

Pevsner, Diane

2010-01-01

202

Development of behaviour change communication strategy for a vaccination-linked malaria control tool in southern Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infants (IPTi) using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and linked to the expanded programme on immunization (EPI) is a promising strategy for malaria control in young children. As evidence grows on the efficacy of IPTi as public health strategy, information is needed so that this novel control tool can be put into practice promptly, once a policy recommendation is made to implement it. This paper describes the development of a behaviour change communication strategy to support implementation of IPTi by the routine health services in southern Tanzania, in the context of a five-year research programme evaluating the community effectiveness of IPTi. Methods Mixed methods including a rapid qualitative assessment and quantitative health facility survey were used to investigate communities' and providers' knowledge and practices relating to malaria, EPI, sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and existing health posters. Results were applied to develop an appropriate behaviour change communication strategy for IPTi involving personal communication between mothers and health staff, supported by a brand name and two posters. Results Malaria in young children was considered to be a nuisance because it causes sleepless nights. Vaccination services were well accepted and their use was considered the mother's responsibility. Babies were generally taken for vaccination despite complaints about fevers and swellings after the injections. Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine was widely used for malaria treatment and intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy, despite widespread rumours of adverse reactions based on hearsay and newspaper reports. Almost all health providers said that they or their spouse were ready to take SP in pregnancy (96%, 223/242). A brand name, key messages and images were developed and pre-tested as behaviour change communication materials. The posters contained public health messages, which explained the intervention itself, how and when children receive it and safety issues. Implementation of IPTi started in January 2005 and evaluation is ongoing. Conclusion Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) strategies for health interventions must be both culturally appropriate and technically sound. A mixed methods approach can facilitate an interactive process among relevant actors to develop a BCC strategy.

Mushi, Adiel K; Schellenberg, Joanna; Mrisho, Mwifadhi; Manzi, Fatuma; Mbuya, Conrad; Mponda, Haji; Mshinda, Hassan; Tanner, Marcel; Alonso, Pedro; Pool, Robert; Schellenberg, David

2008-01-01

203

Report of the International Conference on Risk Communication Strategies for BSL-4 laboratories, Tokyo, October 3-5, 2007.  

PubMed

Working with highly pathogenic agents such as Ebola or Marburg virus in the context of infection control or biodefense research requires high-biocontainment laboratories of the Biosafety Level 4 (BSL-4) to protect researchers and laboratory staff from infection and to prevent the unintentional release of harmful agents. The public perception of research on highly pathogenic agents and the operation of high-containment facilities is often ambivalent: while the output of the biomedical research is highly valued, the existence of a BSL-4 lab is often viewed with concern. Biomedical research perspectives and public perceptions often differ and can lead to tensions that could have negative effects on research, society, and politics. Therefore, risk communication plays a crucial role in siting, building, and operating a high-containment facility. The Japanese government invited risk communication experts and scientists from Canada, the U.S., Europe, and Australia to discuss their risk communication strategies for BSL-4 labs. This article describes the international perspective on risk communication and gives recommendations for successful strategies. PMID:19635008

Dickmann, Petra; Keith, Kelly; Comer, Chris; Abraham, Gordon; Gopal, Robin; Marui, Eiji

2009-06-01

204

A Communication Plan for Autism and its Applied Behavior Analysis Treatment: A Framing Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

To generate public awareness and get people to engage in the required treatment behavior of a health-related condition, communication\\u000a plays a central function. Communication theory has demonstrated that the framing of an issue can increase its public awareness\\u000a and perceived importance. Research on communication campaigns indicates that the most important frames in a health-related\\u000a issue address audience resistance barriers to

John A. Fortunato; Jeff Sigafoos; Lisa M. Morsillo-Searls

2007-01-01

205

Comunicarea crizei vs criza comunicarii. Strategii de comunicare a crizei - Communication of the Crisis vs. Crisis of Communication. Strategies of crisis communication (Romanian version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

If we start from the premises that any crisis, defined as a “manifestation of a balance breach’’ is, firstly, a crisis of communication, a critical existential stage followed cyclically by the individual, group, organization or society (in the first case: birth, adolescence, mid-life crisis, retirement, are just a few examples), then the antagony proposed in the title ceases to appear

2010-01-01

206

Science as Performance: A Proactive Strategy to Communicate and Educate Through Theater, Music and Dance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Theater, music, dance, the literary and the visual arts can convey the joys and controversies of science. We describe a program at the Graduate Center entitled Science as Performance which is designed to communicate to the public the excitement and wonder of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Over the past few years there have been major successes in communicating science to the public through the arts. This is especially evident in theater and film with such recent plays as Copenhagen and the Oscar winning film A Beautiful Mind. The performance series Science and the Arts has been developed and tested at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY) in mid-Manhattan for more than four years, see http://web.gc.cuny.edu/sciart/ . We have developed working relationships with actors, playwrights, dancers, choreographers, musicians, composers, artists and scientists who work at the intersection of science and the arts. In this presentation we will illustrate many of our collaborations in theater, dance, music and art. The response to the series has shown that the arts can make the sciences accessible, relevant, and exciting to diverse audiences in ways that provide both scientific content and significant artistic and entertainment values. The National Science Foundation has awarded a grant to the Graduate Center to help replicate similar Science and the Arts programs on other campuses by involving both their science departments and their performing arts departments. Some results of campus visits will be described. The author will also describe his involvement with producing two musical versions of a play, Einstein’s Dreams based on the novel by Alan Lightman. One production opened at the Teatro da Trindade in Lisbon, Portugal at on October 21, 2005 for a four month run and a second and different production opens at the Prince Music Theater in Philadelphia in March 2006.

Schwartz, Brian

2006-03-01

207

Staying on Message: How the Right Tools Can Make or Break Your College's Communications Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the market for online communications evolves, it's hard to blame college administrators for feeling a bit deluged. Gone are the days of traditional media, where communications professionals relied on newspapers and print and radio advertising to recruit students and tell their stories. With more students embracing technology today--particularly…

Gross, Michael

2010-01-01

208

Sex Workers and HIV/AIDS: Analyzing Participatory Culture-Centered Health Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An emerging trend in health communication research advocates the need to foreground articulations of health by participants who are at the core of any health campaign. Scholarly work suggests that the culture-centered approach to health communication can provide a theoretical and practical framework to achieve this objective. The culture-centered…

Basu, Ambar; Dutta, Mohan J.

2009-01-01

209

Designing Effective Persuasive Systems Utilizing the Power of Entanglement: Communication Channel, Strategy & Affect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With rapid advancements in information and communication technologies, computer-mediated communication channels such as email, web, mobile smart-phones with SMS, social networking websites (Facebook), multimedia websites, and OEM devices provide users with multiple technology choices to seek information. However, no study has compared the…

Li, Haiqing

2010-01-01

210

A Nationwide Communication System for the Hearing Impaired: Strategies Toward Commercial Implementation. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to assess the viability of developing commercial computer communications networks to provide communications services to the deaf community on a nationwide basis. Access to this network is considered for existing Baudot/Weitbrecht Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDDs) and ASCII terminals with Bell modems. The…

Allan, Daniel S.; And Others

211

Communication Strategies for People with Developmental Disabilities: Issues from Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of essays on helping people with developmental disabilities communicate successfully. It is intended for practitioners and students in special education, speech-language pathology, and psychology. The essays are as follows: "Communicative Behaviour in the Least Restrictive Environment" (Ken Linfoot); "Play as an…

Linfoot, Ken, Ed.

212

On-Line Strategy To Teach Intimate and Safer Sex Communication Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching students intimate communication should be an essential part of basic interpersonal communication instruction. Students need to know how to express their needs, their desires, and their expectations about intimacy. Because instructional materials lack the resources and courage two professors needed for their students, the professors…

Aitken, Joan E.; Shedletsky, Lenny

213

Workshops: Extend Learning beyond Your Presentation with These Brain-Friendly Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether one is perusing the brain research, learning-style theory or proven professional development practices, there are strategies that, by their very nature, take advantage of the way brains acquire information. While these strategies facilitate instruction for K-12 students, they work equally well for adult learners. This article outlines 10…

Tate, Marcia L.

2009-01-01

214

Investigation strategy in the management of metastatic adenocarcinoma of unknown primary presenting as cervical lymphadenopathy.  

PubMed

Abstract Conclusion: Computed tomography (CT) of the neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis is the most appropriate initial investigation following a fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) diagnosis of metastatic adenocarcinoma in cervical lymph nodes with unknown primary. PET-CT should be considered as the next step if the initial CT fails to identify the primary site, but its true value is yet to be determined. Objective: To review investigation strategies for metastatic adenocarcinoma of unknown primary presenting as cervical lymphadenopathy, and to develop a management algorithm. Methods: This was a retrospective case note study from two regional head and neck cancer centres in the UK. Adult patients with FNAC diagnosis of metastatic adenocarcinoma in cervical lymph nodes between 1998 and 2008, with a minimum 5-year follow-up, were included. Patients with a clinically obvious primary tumour or a previous history of adenocarcinoma were excluded. Results: This study examined 41 cases. CT of the neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis was the most useful initial investigation. It identified the primary tumour site in 16/28 cases (57%), detected the primary tumour and led to revision of the FNAC diagnosis in 1 case (2.4%), and was necessary for the final diagnosis of true unknown primary in 12 cases (29.3%). Targeted imaging was not helpful. PMID:24847947

Pepper, Christopher; Pai, Irumee; Hay, Ashley; Deery, Alastair; Wilson, Philip; Williamson, Peter; Pitkin, Lisa

2014-08-01

215

Strategies for early recognition of cutaneous melanoma--present and future  

PubMed Central

Cutaneous melanoma is a highly aggressive malignant tumor of skin melanocytes with an increasing incidence in most countries of the world, especially in the fair-skinned populations. Despite all preventive and therapeutic efforts, malignant melanoma is still the most lethal skin cancer. A delayed diagnosis results in an advanced stage and worsened prognosis. Once distant metastases are present, the five-year survival rate is less than 10 percent. At the same time, patients may be cured by an early diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma followed by a wide excision. Therefore, the early detection of melanoma at curable stages is crucial for the patients’ survival. Besides the investigation of pigmented lesions with the unaided eye, a wide range of examination techniques for improved diagnostic accuracy have been developed and validated in clinical trials. However, none of these techniques are able to provide a definite and final diagnosis or to replace an excisional biopsy of suspicious lesions followed by histological analysis. This review provides a concise overview of general principles as well as current and future strategies for an improved early diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma

Brehmer, Franziska; Ulrich, Martina; Haenssle, Holger A.

2012-01-01

216

Are crisis communicators practicing what we preach?: An evaluation of crisis response strategy analyzed in public relations research from 1991 to 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative content analysis is used to evaluate crisis response strategy analyzed in more than 18 years of research published in crisis communication literature in public relations to reveal its effectiveness, nature, and contextual application. Analysis of 51 articles published in 11 different journals using two dominant theories in public relations crisis communication literature, Benoit's Image Restoration Theory and Coombs’ Situational

Sora Kim; Elizabeth Johnson Avery; Ruthann W. Lariscy

2009-01-01

217

Public Relations Autonomy, Legal Dominance, and Strategic Orientation as Predictors of Crisis Communicative Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the factors affecting how public relations autonomy, legal dominance, and strategic orientation\\u000a affect crisis communicative response in corporate contexts. Communication managers, crisis managers, public affairs managers,\\u000a and\\/or public relations managers were solicited from Taiwan’s top 500 companies to participate in a survey. The results revealed\\u000a that, in contrast to public relations autonomy being the strongest and sole

Yi-Hui Huang; Shih-Hsin Su

2009-01-01

218

A Clinical Communication Strategy to Enhance Effectiveness and CAHPS Scores: The ALERT Model  

PubMed Central

The Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) program is a national annual report that surveys patients and rates health plans on a variety of metrics, including claims processing, customer service, office staff helpfulness, and ability to get needed care. Although physicians may feel they have no immediate control over many aspects of this questionnaire, there is an important area of the survey where they do have direct control: “how well the doctor communicates.” It is well established that effective physician–patient communication has beneficial effects not only on physician and patient satisfaction but also on adherence to medical advice, diagnostic accuracy, and malpractice risk. The creators of the CAHPS survey developed and incorporated four questions seeking to ascertain the patient's impression of the physician's communication skills. These questions assess how well the physician listened carefully to the patient, how often the physician explained things understandably, how often the physician showed respect for what the patient said, and how often the physician spent enough time with the patient. Many excellent clinical communication models exist that touch on aspects of the CAHPS topics, but it behooves physicians to be mindful of the exact survey questions. The ALERT model of communication was developed to facilitate physicians' recall of these measures. By incorporating key verbal and nonverbal communication skills, clinicians can address and improve their scores on this important area of the CAHPS survey.

Hardee, James T; Kasper, Ilene K

2008-01-01

219

Communication Strategy of Transboundary Air Pollution Findings in a US-Mexico Border XXI Program Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From 1996 to 1997, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) conducted an air quality study known as the Lower Rio Grande Valley Transboundary Air Pollution Project (TAPP). The study was a US-Mexico Border XXI program project and was developed in response to local community requests on a need for more air quality measurements and concerns about the health impact of local air pollutants; this included concerns about emissions from border-dependent industries in Mexico, known as maquiladoras. The TAPP was a follow-up study to environmental monitoring done by EPA in this area in 1993 and incorporated scientific and community participation in development, review of results, and public presentation of findings. In spite of this, critical remarks were leveled by community activists against the study's preliminary "good news" findings regarding local air quality and the influence of transboundary air pollution. To resolve these criticisms and to refine the findings to address these concerns, analyses included comparisons of daily and near real-time measurements to TNRCC effects screening levels and data from other studies along with wind sector analyses. Reassessment of the data suggested that although regional source emissions occurred and outliers of elevated pollutant levels were found, movement of air pollution across the border did not appear to cause noticeable deterioration of air quality. In spite of limitations stated to the community, the TAPP was presented as establishing a benchmark to assess current and future transboundary air quality in the Valley. The study has application in Border XXI Program or other air quality studies where transboundary transport is a concern since it involved interagency coordination, public involvement, and communication of scientifically sound results for local environmental protection efforts.

Mukerjee, Shaibal

2002-01-01

220

Communication strategy of transboundary air pollution findings in a US-Mexico Border XXI program project.  

PubMed

From 1996 to 1997, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) conducted an air quality study known as the Lower Rio Grande Valley Transboundary Air Pollution Project (TAPP). The study was a US-Mexico Border XXI program project and was developed in response to local community requests on a need for more air quality measurements and concerns about the health impact of local air pollutants; this included concerns about emissions from border-dependent industries in Mexico, known as maquiladoras. The TAPP was a follow-up study to environmental monitoring done by EPA in this area in 1993 and incorporated scientific and community participation in development, review of results, and public presentation of findings. In spite of this, critical remarks were leveled by community activists against the study's preliminary "good news" findings regarding local air quality and the influence of transboundary air pollution. To resolve these criticisms and to refine the findings to address these concerns, analyses included comparisons of daily and near real-time measurements to TNRCC effects screening levels and data from other studies along with wind sector analyses. Reassessment of the data suggested that although regional source emissions occurred and outliers of elevated pollutant levels were found, movement of air pollution across the border did not appear to cause noticeable deterioration of air quality. In spite of limitations stated to the community, the TAPP was presented as establishing a benchmark to assess current and future transboundary air quality in the Valley. The study has application in Border XXI Program or other air quality studies where transboundary transport is a concern since it involved interagency coordination, public involvement, and communication of scientifically sound results for local environmental protection efforts. PMID:11740622

Mukerjee, Shaibal

2002-01-01

221

Nitrogen oxide emissions from lightning: Present knowledge, uncertainties, and strategies for improvements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lightning-induced nitrogen oxides (LNOx) have several important implications for atmospheric chemistry and climate. The global LNOx source is one of the largest natural sources of NOx in the atmosphere and certainly the largest source of NOx in the upper troposphere, in particular in the tropics. The LNOx source rate has been often cited to be the least known one within the total atmospheric NOx budget. Considerable progress has been made recently which allows reducing the uncertainty of the global LNOx value. This includes ground-based and satellite observations of various lightning signals, satellite observations of NO2 column and profile distributions, airborne in-situ measurements of NOx abundance near thunderstorms at midlatitudes and over tropical continents, where most lightning occurs, detailed cloud-resolving model studies, and improved global models. This paper reviews the present knowledge on the global LNOx source rate and its still large uncertainties (Schumann and Huntrieser, ACP, 2007). Mainly as a result of global model studies for various LNOx parameterisations tested with related observations, the best estimate of the annual global LNOx nitrogen mass source and its uncertainty range is (5+-3) Tg/a in this study. The paper estimates the LNOx accuracy required for various applications and lays out strategies for improving estimates in the future. An accuracy of about 1 Tg/a or 20%, as necessary in particular for understanding tropical tropospheric chemistry, is still a challenging goal. Finally we point out to some recent findings from analysis of field experiments comparing LNOx efficiency of mid- latitude and tropical thunderstorms.

Schumann, U.; Huntrieser, H.; Grewe, V.

2007-12-01

222

Telemonitoring with respect to Mood Disorders and Information and Communication Technologies: Overview and Presentation of the PSYCHE Project  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews what we know about prediction in relation to mood disorders from the perspective of clinical, biological, and physiological markers. It then also presents how information and communication technologies have developed in the field of mood disorders, from the first steps, for example, the transition from paper and pencil to more sophisticated methods, to the development of ecological momentary assessment methods and, more recently, wearable systems. These recent developments have paved the way for the use of integrative approaches capable of assessing multiple variables. The PSYCHE project stands for Personalised monitoring SYstems for Care in mental HEalth.

Javelot, Herve; Spadazzi, Anne; Weiner, Luisa; Garcia, Sonia; Gentili, Claudio; Kosel, Markus; Bertschy, Gilles

2014-01-01

223

Vaccination Strategies for Communicable Diseases in a Dynamic Network of Human Contacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various network models of human contacts have been used to understand the efficacy of vaccination strategies. Few of them have explicitly taken the dynamics of the network into consideration. This paper explores efficient vaccination strategies in a dynamic network of human contacts. An individual-based spatially explicit model is used to represent the dynamic network. Its dynamics is described by two

Liang Mao

224

Flirtation Rejection Strategies: Toward an Understanding of Communicative Disinterest in Flirting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single adults often seek successful flirtatious encounters; yet these encounters can sometimes be considered failures. However, little research has identified flirtation rejection strategies enacted by those not interested in reciprocal flirting. The purpose of this study was to examine behavioral and verbal flirtation rejection strategies among…

Goodboy, Alan K.; Brann, Maria

2010-01-01

225

The development of persuasive communication strategies in kindergarteners through twelfth?graders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has documented age?related developments in the differentiation and abstractness of the system of interpersonal constructs employed in perceiving persons and the relationship of such developments to qualitative changes in persuasive strategies. This study extended the analysis of the interrelations among these developments within a broad age range. In addition to other findings, the quality of persuasive strategies was

Jesse G. Delia; Susan L. Kline; Brant R. Burleson

1979-01-01

226

The Use of Communicative Strategies in Narrative Discourse: A Case Study of a Learner of Moroccan Arabic as a Second Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates interaction between application of communicative strategies and narrative discourse features. The data draws upon research in narrative discourse collected from one student of Moroccan Arabic. The study suggests that the subject resorted to a number of strategies to compensate for her linguistic deficiencies and that application of…

Fakhri, Ahmed

1984-01-01

227

Communication Topics and Strategies in E-Mail Consultation: Comparison between American and International University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On today's "wired" college campuses, students avail themselves in increasing numbers of electronic channels, most notably e-mail, as a means to consult with their professors. While some research has investigated the purposes for which university students communicate with their instructors via e-mail, little research has examined differences in…

Biesenbach-Lucas, Sigrun

2005-01-01

228

Information and Communications Technology in the Cultural Sector: The Need for Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII) at the University of Glasgow (Scotland) carried out a study of the opportunities and obstacles posed by the use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in the heritage sector in order to establish a funding policy. This article discusses the need for national…

Ross, Seamus; Economou, Maria

1998-01-01

229

Strategies For Successful International Communication: Using Cultural Conventions to Inform Your Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

If we are to successfully communicate with people in other countries, we need to be aware of their cultural customs and of how these customs are reflected in the linguistic and rhetorical conventions of their language. Without this knowledge, we are apt to be perceived as rude and our technical documents misunderstood. This paper looks at differences in the vocabulary,

CAROLYN BOIARSKY

1992-01-01

230

Effect Size Measures for Mediation Models: Quantitative Strategies for Communicating Indirect Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The statistical analysis of mediation effects has become an indispensable tool for helping scientists investigate processes thought to be causal. Yet, in spite of many recent advances in the estimation and testing of mediation effects, little attention has been given to methods for communicating effect size and the practical importance of those…

Preacher, Kristopher J.; Kelley, Ken

2011-01-01

231

Effect Size Measures for Mediation Models: Quantitative Strategies for Communicating Indirect Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The statistical analysis of mediation effects has become an indispensable tool for helping scientists investigate processes thought to be causal. Yet, in spite of many recent advances in the estimation and testing of mediation effects, little attention has been given to methods for communicating effect size and the practical importance of those effect sizes. Our goals in this article are

Kristopher J. Preacher; Ken Kelley

2011-01-01

232

How Mosaic-Esterhazy applied a crisis communication strategy when it suddenly had the world's attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Success in navigating through a crisis situation requires good planning, sound judgment, and swift reaction. Some organizations, however, do not plan and are still able to successfully communicate in times of uncertainty. On January 29, 2006, 72 miners were trapped in a potash mine operated by Mosaic more than 1km below the surface in Esterhazy (Canada). Within hours, media from

Greg Elliott; Sylvain Charlebois

2007-01-01

233

The Emergence of Marketing and Communications Strategy in South African Further Education and Training Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South African further education and training (FET) colleges have been enjoined to become more responsive to their external environment, in keeping with international trends in public vocational education and training (VET) reform. One mechanism for achieving this goal is to market colleges and communicate more effectively to future students,…

McGrath, Simon; Akoojee, Salim

2007-01-01

234

Design of a Competitive and Collaborative Learning Strategy in a Communication Networks Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, an educational methodology based on collaborative and competitive learning is proposed. The suggested approach has been successfully applied to an undergraduate communication networks course, which is part of the core curriculum of the three-year degree in telecommunications engineering at the University of Valladolid in Spain. This…

Regueras, L. M.; Verdu, E.; Verdu, M. J.; de Castro, J. P.

2011-01-01

235

Early Communication Strategies: Using Video Analysis to Support Teachers Working with Preverbal Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Carolyn Anderson is a speech and language therapist who is currently working as a senior lecturer at the University of Strathclyde. In this article she provides an early account of her ongoing research into communication between teachers and pupils with severe and complex learning disabilities. Video recordings were made of teacher-pupil…

Anderson, Carolyn

2006-01-01

236

Expressions of Love as Communication Strategies: Source, Functions, and Receiver Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies examined (1) which partner in a romantic relationship typically said the initial "I love you"; (2) reasons for making that first declaration; and (3) the partner's communication responses to such statements. In the first study, 100 undergraduate students at a large eastern university were interviewed, while the second study surveyed…

Trotta, Michael R.; Booth-Butterfield, Melanie

237

Efficient communication strategies for ad-hoc wireless networks (extended abstract)  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ad-hoc wireless network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary networkwithout the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized administration. This type of networkis of great importance in situations where it is very difficult to provide the necessary infrastructure,but it is a challenging task to enable fast and reliable communication within such a network. In thispaper,

Micah Adler; Christian Scheideler

1998-01-01

238

Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (32nd, Louisville, KY, 2009). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-second year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. This volume includes papers presented at the national convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology held in Louisville, KY. This…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2009-01-01

239

Present status and strategy of reel-to-reel TFA-MOD process for coated conductors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the research and development of a reel-to-reel TFA-MOD (Metal Organic Deposition using Trifluoro-acetates) process, a present status is reviewed and its future strategy is addressed. As a base of the study, the 90 m long tape with uniform I c distribution of the 300 A/cm-width level was obtained on the CeO 2 buffered IBAD-Gd 2Zr 2O 7/Hastelloy C276 substrate. The tape has the 56 m region with the end-to-end I c value of 250 A, which corresponds to maximum product of I c × L of 14,000 Am. Based on the results, several directions on R&D have been studied such as “higher I c”, “higher I c- B”, “higher production rate both in coating/calcinations and crystallization steps” and lower cost buffer/substrate”. Then, an extremely high I c value of 735 A/cm-width was achieved in a short tape by the compositional control (e.g. Ba-deficient), in the starting solutions. On the efforts for achieving higher I c- B properties, high I c values of 115 and 35 A/cm-width under the magnetic fields of 1 and 3 T were obtained by the RE mixture of Y and Gd in REBCO, addition of Zr and a growth rate control process. On the other hand, the production rate for the coating/calcinations process was improved by development of new starting solutions, which uses F-free Y salt instead of TFA salt of Y. The high J c value of 1.9 MA/cm 2 was confirmed using the precursor films fabricated at a high traveling rate of 10 m/h. Concerning a higher rate in the crystallization step, the multi-turning system with a vertical gas flow system was developed. The validity of the concept was confirmed using 2-turn parts of the furnace. The high I c value of 250 A/cm-width was realized in the 5 m tape crystallized with a traveling rate of 3 m/h, which is equivalent to 15 m/h for usage of entire area of the furnace of 10-turns. Furthermore, in order to achieve the lower cost, the architecture of the coated conductor with a low cost buffer/substrate system has been developed. An IBAD buffered substrate using IBAD-MgO layer (CeO 2/LMO/IBAD-MgO/Hastelloy C276) was developed and a high production rate of 24 m/h was realized for IBAD-MgO layer using a small ion gun system with the area of 6 × 22 cm 2. The grain texturing of the substrate was reached the ? ? value of 4° in the CeO 2 layer. This substrate was applied to the above mentioned multi-turning crystallization furnace for TFA-MOD process. Then, a 5 m long tape with 260 A/cm-width (@77 K. s.f.) was achieved. According to the TFA-MOD process in the above achievements, the prospects of each issue for the future stage were independently confirmed. Consequently, R&D combining the above-mentioned achievements for longer tapes are expected in the next stage.

Izumi, T.; Yoshizumi, M.; Miura, M.; Nakaoka, K.; Ichikawa, Y.; Sutoh, Y.; Miyata, S.; Fukushima, H.; Yamada, Y.; Shiohara, Y.

2009-10-01

240

Non-verbal communication strategies to improve robustness in dialogue systems: a comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the use of embodied conversational agents (ECAs) and their visual communicative ability to improve interaction\\u000a with spoken language dialogue systems (SLDSs) through an experimental case study in the application context of secure access\\u000a by speaker verification followed by remote home automation control. After identifying a set of typical interaction problems\\u000a with SLDSs and associated with each of

David Pardo; Beatriz L. Mencia; Álvaro H. Trapote; Luis Hernández

2009-01-01

241

InfoMall: an innovative strategy for high-performance computing and communications applications development  

Microsoft Academic Search

InfoMall is a program led by the Northeast Parallel Architectures Center featuring a partnership of approximately twenty-four organizations with a plan for accelerating development of the High-Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) software and systems industry. HPCC is a critical technology where the United States has clear international leadership and which will have unprecedented impact on industry, education, society, and defense.

Kim Mills; Geoffrey Fox

1994-01-01

242

Potential health effects of tobacco smoking in Uganda and how to overcome them through an appropraite communication strategy.  

PubMed

This paper rigourolys analyses literature on tobacco smoking and provides a historical perspective of tobacco smoking and the prevalence of smoking in different parts of the world. The dangerous chemical ingredients in cigarettes and their associated health effects are indentified and rigouroulsy analysed. Later, this paper suggests a communication strategy which can be adopted to convey scientific evidence to the public about the dangers of smoking. The analyse of literature shows that today, tobacco is one of the greatest causes of preventable deaths in the world. Smoking causes various diseases like various types of cancer (Lung, Oral, Stomach, Kidney, Breast, Larynx, Pancreas, and Eophagus cancers). Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COPD), heart diseases, miscarriages, poor sperm quality, impotence, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and low birth weight. Significant evidence of such diseases has been observed in United States and South Africa which is one of the top smoking countries in Africa. Despite the existence of World Health Organisation Framework Convention on Tobacco Control as well as national laws restricting tobacco use in various countries, the rate of smoking is increasing at a tremendous state especially in developing countries among the adolescents. This means that many tobacco's future victims are today's children. The reason for the high rates of smoking is attribute to the complex marketing skills and strategies of tobacco companies which hinder tobacco smoking control programs. Therefore, if we are to achieve sustainable development as well as the Mellinium Development Goals, we should stand up jointly to stop the smoking habits among the people through collective efforts and collaborative campaigns. An appropriate communication strategy as suggested in this paper is required to counteract the persuasive smoking evil adverts of tobacco companies. PMID:21413590

Semakula, Henry M; Haq, Shah Md Atiqul

2010-06-01

243

New Information and Communication Technologies in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Strategies and Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will primarily allow a definition of the strategic development of ICT in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to be put forward. For the most part it involves the precision of many types of measures and strategies (such as institutional, regulatory, infrastructural measures), human resources, the development of content and partnerships,…

Banza, Nsomwe-a- Nfunkwa

2006-01-01

244

The Effectiveness of Window Presentation Strategy and Cognitive Style of Field Dependence Status on Learning from Mediated Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this article is to review the literature on research studies conducted in the last five years on the effectiveness of window presentation strategies and the cognitive dependence status of field-dependent/independent (FD/FI) learners in a computer-mediated instruction (CMI). Secondary to this purpose is to summarize research…

Ikegulu, Patricia R.; Ikegulu, T. Nelson

245

Campus Computing Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten case studies that describe the planning process and strategies employed by colleges who use computing and communication systems are presented, based on a 1981-1982 study conducted by EDUCOM. An introduction by John W. McCredie summarizes several current and future effects of the rapid spread and integration of computing and communication

McCredie, John W., Ed.

246

Evidence-based Science Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation will describe a concrete strategy for bridging the gap between the *science* of science communication and the practice of it. In recent years, social scientists have made substantial progress in identifying the psychological influences that shape public receptivity to scientific information relating to climate change and other public policy issues. That work, however, has consisted nearly entirely of laboratory experiments and public opinion surveys; these methods identify general mechanisms of information processing but do not yield concrete prescriptions for communication in field settings. In order to integrate the findings of the science of science communication with the practice of it, field communication must now be made into a meaningful site of science communication research. "Evidence-based science communication" will involve collaborative work between social scientists and practitioners aimed at formulating and testing scientifically informed communication strategies in real-world contexts.

Kahan, D.

2012-12-01

247

Treatment Strategies for Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Past, Present, and Future  

PubMed Central

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most commonly occurring lymphoma in the Western world. DLBCL is a clinically, biologically, and pathologically heterogeneous entity with biologically distinct subtypes that have different expected treatment outcomes. The addition of rituximab to combination chemotherapy has improved outcomes for all patients with DLBCL and can produce cure for many individuals. Relapsed DLBCL is generally managed with salvage chemo-immunotherapy followed by high dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation which can cure additional patients. However, outcomes for patients who relapse early after upfront rituximab and chemotherapy have a poorer prognosis. Novel therapies and strategies are desperately needed for these patients and several emerging treatments hold promise for improving DLBCL treatment outcomes in the future.

Sinha, Rajni; Nastoupil, Loretta

2013-01-01

248

The past, present, and future of DARPA's investment strategy in smart materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1 4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article presents the authors' vision of what is next

S. G. Wax; G. M. Fischer; R. R. Sands

2003-01-01

249

Method and apparatus for routing data in an inter-nodal communications lattice of a massively parallel computer system by dynamically adjusting local routing strategies  

DOEpatents

A massively parallel computer system contains an inter-nodal communications network of node-to-node links. Each node implements a respective routing strategy for routing data through the network, the routing strategies not necessarily being the same in every node. The routing strategies implemented in the nodes are dynamically adjusted during application execution to shift network workload as required. Preferably, adjustment of routing policies in selective nodes is performed at synchronization points. The network may be dynamically monitored, and routing strategies adjusted according to detected network conditions.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN) [Rochester, MN; Musselman, Roy Glenn (Rochester, MN) [Rochester, MN; Peters, Amanda (Rochester, MN) [Rochester, MN; Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN) [Rochester, MN; Swartz, Brent Allen (Chippewa Falls, WI) [Chippewa Falls, WI; Wallenfelt, Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN) [Eden Prairie, MN

2010-03-16

250

Effective Communication for Academic Chairs. SUNY Series in Speech Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 11 contributed papers which examine communication aspects of the department chair position in academia. It is noted that most academic department chairs are not trained in management skills, including communication strategies. After an introductory chapter by Christopher H. Spicer and Ann Q. Staton, the following papers are…

Hickson, Mark, III, Ed.; Stacks, Don W.

251

The past, present, and future of DARPA’s investment strategy in smart materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed\\u000a in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1–4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article\\u000a presents the authors’ vision of what is next in

S. G. Wax; G. M. Fischer; R. R. Sands

2003-01-01

252

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Attend Typically to Faces and Objects Presented within Their Picture Communication Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may require interventions for communication difficulties. One type of intervention is picture communication symbols which are proposed to improve comprehension of linguistic input for children with ASD. However, atypical attention to faces and objects is widely reported across the autism…

Gillespie-Smith, K.; Riby, D. M.; Hancock, P. J. B.; Doherty-Sneddon, G.

2014-01-01

253

Application of Communication Optimization Strategy Based on Cascade PLC MODBUS in Fire Water System of Hydropower Station  

Microsoft Academic Search

As to the bad real-time problem of traditional communication scheme that is one master station and more slave stations' MODBUS communication in fire water system of hydropower station, in this paper, a connection scheme of a cascade PLC communication was proposed to solve the defects of decreasing transmission speed because of long distance in communication. The communication software of PLC

Feng Lei-hua; Gui Wei-hua; Yang Feng

2009-01-01

254

Georgia's Cancer Awareness and Education Campaign: combining public health models and private sector communications strategies.  

PubMed

The Georgia Cancer Awareness and Education Campaign was launched in September 2002 with the goals of supporting cancer prevention and early detection efforts, heightening awareness of and understanding about the five leading cancers among Georgia residents, and enhancing awareness and education about the importance of proper nutrition, exercise, and healthy lifestyles. The inaugural year of the campaign is outlined, beginning with adherence to the public health principles of surveillance, risk factor identification, intervention evaluation, and implementation. A strategic and integrated communications campaign, using tactics such as paid advertising, public service announcements, local community relations, media releases, a documentary film, special events, and other components, is described in detail with links to multimedia samples. With an estimated budget of 3.1 million dollars, the first year of the campaign focuses on breast and cervical cancer screening and early detection. PMID:15670430

Parker, Demetrius M

2004-07-01

255

Enhancing Intercultural Communication among Business Communication Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents practical teaching strategies used in an Australian undergraduate business-communication class that have succeeded in encouraging student classroom interaction to the mutual benefit of both local and international students. Data on the techniques' effectiveness were collected using an open-ended student questionnaire, observation,…

Hellmundt, Susan; Rifkin, Will; Fox, Christine

1998-01-01

256

The past, present, and future of DARPA's investment strategy in smart materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) smart materials research programs past, present, and future are reviewed in this article. Several articles have been written about the history of smart materials at DARPA;1 4 therefore, discussions of past efforts are limited and present and future work is emphasized. More importantly, this article presents the authors’ vision of what is next in the smart materials arena, for it is their belief that the journey to truly smart materials and structures has really just begun.

Wax, S. G.; Fischer, G. M.; Sands, R. R.

2003-12-01

257

Present situation and new strategies for Chagas disease chemotherapy: a proposal.  

PubMed

Treatments for Chagas disease have been administered since the first attempts by Mayer & Rocha Lima (1912, 1914) and up to the drugs currently in use (nifurtimox and benznidazole), along with potential drugs such as allopurinol and first, second and third-generation antifungal agents (imidazoles and triazoles), in separate form. Several diseases such as tuberculosis, leprosy and AIDS only came under control after they were treated with associations of drugs with different mechanisms of action. This not only boosts the action of the different compounds, but also may avoid the development of parasite resistance .To this end, over the short term, we propose experimental studies on laboratory animals and clinical trials with the following associations: (i) nifurtimox (8 mg/kg/day) + benznidazole (5 mg/kg/day) x 60 consecutive days; (ii) nifurtimox (8 mg/kg/day) or benznidazole (5 mg/kg/day) + allopurinol (8-10 mg/kg/day) x 60 days and (iii) nifurtimox (8 mg/kg/day) or benznidazole (5 mg/kg/day) + ketoconazole, fluconazole or itraconazole (5-6 mg/kg/day) x 60 consecutive days. The doses of the drugs and the treatment schedules for the clinical trials must be adapted according to the side effects. From these, other double or triple associations could be made, using drugs with different mechanisms of action. This proposal does not exclude investigations on new drugs over the median and long terms, targeting other aspects of the metabolism of Trypanosoma cruzi. Until such time as the ideal drug for specific treatment of Chagas disease might be discovered, we need to develop new strategies for achieving greater efficacy with the old drugs in associations and to develop rational experimentation with new drugs. PMID:19722074

Coura, José Rodrigues

2009-07-01

258

What Makes Racial Diversity Work in Higher Education: Academic Leaders Present Successful Policies and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection establish the case for racial diversity , outline the challenges diversity offers the academic community, presents examples of how some institutions have developed successful models of diversity, and discusses how the history of racial diversity has influenced aspects of diversity today. Following a foreword,…

Hale, Frank W., Jr., Ed.

259

Development of strategies for effective communication of food risks and benefits across Europe: Design and conceptual framework of the FoodRisC project  

PubMed Central

Background European consumers are faced with a myriad of food related risk and benefit information and it is regularly left up to the consumer to interpret these, often conflicting, pieces of information as a coherent message. This conflict is especially apparent in times of food crises and can have major public health implications. Scientific results and risk assessments cannot always be easily communicated into simple guidelines and advice that non-scientists like the public or the media can easily understand especially when there is conflicting, uncertain or complex information about a particular food or aspects thereof. The need for improved strategies and tools for communication about food risks and benefits is therefore paramount. The FoodRisC project ("Food Risk Communication - Perceptions and communication of food risks/benefits across Europe: development of effective communication strategies") aims to address this issue. The FoodRisC project will examine consumer perceptions and investigate how people acquire and use information in food domains in order to develop targeted strategies for food communication across Europe. Methods/Design This project consists of 6 research work packages which, using qualitative and quantitative methodologies, are focused on development of a framework for investigating food risk/benefit issues across Europe, exploration of the role of new and traditional media in food communication and testing of the framework in order to develop evidence based communication strategies and tools. The main outcome of the FoodRisC project will be a toolkit to enable coherent communication of food risk/benefit messages in Europe. The toolkit will integrate theoretical models and new measurement paradigms as well as building on social marketing approaches around consumer segmentation. Use of the toolkit and guides will assist policy makers, food authorities and other end users in developing common approaches to communicating coherent messages to consumers in Europe. Discussion The FoodRisC project offers a unique approach to the investigation of food risk/benefit communication. The effective spread of food risk/benefit information will assist initiatives aimed at reducing the burden of food-related illness and disease, reducing the economic impact of food crises and ensuring that confidence in safe and nutritious food is fostered and maintained in Europe.

2011-01-01

260

The Effect of the Context of Learning on the Use of Communication Strategies by Learners of Spanish as a Second Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effect of the context of learning--"at home" (AH) classroom versus study abroad (SA)--on the number and types of communication strategies (CSs) used by learners of Spanish as a second language. Oral data from 46 learners--20 AH and 26 SA--were analyzed before and after the treatment period, to discern the effect of…

Lafford, Barbara A.

2004-01-01

261

The Iranian Health Insurance System; Past Experiences, Present Challenges And Future Strategies  

PubMed Central

Background: The Iranian healthcare system is primarily an insurance based system. This structure has an important influence on the efficiency and equity of the provision of healthcare in Iran. This paper reviews the history of the Iranian healthcare system and the impact of the Iranian health insurance system on healthcare performance based on the results of interviews with key opinion leaders and empirical evidence. Methods: This review uses mixed methods: a systematic literature review of electronic databases supplemented by hand searching of books and journals including Government publications and other grey literature. The issues identified were explored through a series of semi-structured interviews with key informants from within the Iranian healthcare system. The interviews were recorded transcribed, coded, classified, and analysed thematically. Empirical evidence was also sought to support or contradict the views expressed in the interviews. Results: Sixteen interviews with key informants were conducted and presented anonymously. The interviewees raised many issues which were summarised into five main issues: increasing health expenditures, lack of systematic health technology assessment, very limited financial resources, challenging management and regulation, and uncovered population. Conclusion: A wide range of issues have affected the efficiency, quality and equity of the services provided by the Iranian healthcare system. The initial and most important step toward improving the efficiency, equity and quality of the health insurance system is to focus on evidence-based policy making to generate feasible, reasonable and comprehensive reforms.

Davari, M; Haycox, A; Walley, T

2012-01-01

262

Evaluation of the present dengue situation and control strategies against Aedes aegypti in Cebu City, Philippines.  

PubMed

The present dengue situation and methods to control Aedes aegypti larvae in Cebu City, Philippines, were evaluated for the development of an integrated community-based dengue control program. The study included the detection of dengue infection among Filipino patients, surveying mosquito breeding sites to determine larval population density of Aedes aegypti, an evaluation of public knowledge, attitude, and personal protection practices against dengue, and an evaluation of the efficacy of VectoBac DT/Culinex Tab tablets based on Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis against Ae. aegypti larvae. Of the 173 human sera samples that were assayed for dengue viruses, 94.9% were positive, 2.2% negative and 2.8% equivocal. Thirty households were randomly chosen per Barangay "Villages" (lowest level of formal local administration). Of the 489 breeding sites surveyed, 29.4% were infested with Ae. aegypti larvae, with discarded tires having the highest infestation rate (69.4%). A survey of people's knowledge, attitude, and practices for integrated community-based dengue control showed that 68.7% of the interviewees were aware that dengue is transmitted by mosquitoes, but only 4.3% knew that a virus was the cause of the disease. The efficacy of one and two tablets of VectoBac DT/Culinex Tab, based on Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, was assessed against the larvae of Ae. aegypti exposed to sunshine and shaded water containers in semi-field and field tests. In semi-field tests, 100% mortality was achieved until the 18th and 30th day after the application of one and two tablets, respectively, in sun-exposed containers. In shaded containers, 100% mortality was observed until the 30th and 36th day after the application of one and two tablets, respectively. In field tests, the tablets were effective for approximately 3 weeks. PMID:16599163

Mahilum, Milagros M; Ludwig, Mario; Madon, Minoo B; Becker, Norbert

2005-12-01

263

E-waste management challenges in Iran: presenting some strategies for improvement of current conditions.  

PubMed

E-waste is one of the fastest-growing waste streams in Iran, owing to an increase in consumption of electrical and electronic equipment. Nevertheless, as is the case in some other countries, E-waste management has not received sufficient attention. For the successful implementation of any waste management plan (including an E-waste management plan), the availability of sufficient and accurate information on the quantities and composition of the waste generated and on current management conditions is a fundamental prerequisite. At present, in Iran, there is no available and accurate information that describes the characteristics and generation rate of E-waste or the actual practice of management and handling of the waste. For this initial study, eight electronic products were selected for the determination of their E-waste generation rate in the country, and two cities, Tehran and Tabriz, were selected for assessment of the current condition of E-waste management. The study found that the amount of E-waste generation in the country for the eight selected electronic items alone was 115,286, 112,914 and 115,151 metric tons in 2008, 2009 and 2010, respectively. Of the types of electronic items included in the study, televisions, with an average of 42.42%, and PCs, with an average of 32.66% accounted for the greatest proportions of the total mass of E-waste generated during 2008-2010. Currently, despite the fact that primary legislation for E-waste management (as part of general waste legislation) exists in Iran, this primary legislation has not yet been implemented. In practical terms, there is no definite policy or plan for the allocation of funds to prepare suitable equipment and facilities for the management and recycling of E-waste at the end of the products' useful life. Proposed improvements in current conditions are identified, first by considering other countries' experiences and then suggesting specific practical policies, rules, and regulations that should be established and applied to all levels of E-waste management. One of the most attractive E-waste management policies is an extended producer responsibility (EPR) programme in combination with a training programme at different levels of society. An approach consisting of a mandated product take back is proposed for implementing EPR in Iran. Meanwhile, the Health Ministry and the Environmental Protection Agency should strictly supervise E-waste collection, storage, and recycling and/or disposal, and the Trade and Industry Ministries must have more control over the import and production of electronic goods. PMID:21945991

Taghipour, Hassan; Nowrouz, Parviz; Jafarabadi, Mohamad Asghari; Nazari, Jalil; Hashemi, Ahmad Asl; Mosaferi, Mohammad; Dehghanzadeh, Reza

2012-11-01

264

Using Computer-Presented Social Stories and Video Models to Increase the Social Communication Skills of Children with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of computer-presented Social Stories and video models on the social communication skills of three children with High-Functioning Autism/Asperger's Syndrome (HFA/AS). Using a multiple-baseline across-participants design, computer-presented Social Stories and video models were implemented and…

Sansosti, Frank J.; Powell-Smith, Kelly A.

2008-01-01

265

Mass Media and Developing Nations: A Global Perspective of the Present State of Mass Communication and Its Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four features characterize the current global scene in mass communications: (1) an imbalance of resources between industrialized and developing countries, (2) an imbalance of information flow between countries, (3) an irrelevance of media content to the social and cultural problems of the Third World, and (4) a considerable impact on the operation…

Nordenstreng, Kaarle

266

An Efficient Communication Strategy for Finite Element Methods on the Connection Machine CM5 System  

Microsoft Academic Search

. The objective of this paper is to propose communicationprocedures suitable for unstructured finite element solvers implementedon distributed-memory parallel computers such as the ConnectionMachine CM-5 system. First, a data-parallel implementation of therecursive spectral bisection (RSB) algorithm proposed by Pothen et al.is presented. The RSB algorithm is associated with a node renumberingscheme which improves data locality of reference. Two-step gatherand scatter

Zdenek Johan; K Kapil; S. Lennart Johnsson; Thomas J. r. Hughes

1993-01-01

267

Endogenous voltage gradients as mediators of cell-cell communication: strategies for investigating bioelectrical signals during pattern formation  

PubMed Central

Alongside the well-known chemical modes of cell-cell communication, we find an important and powerful system of bioelectrical signaling: changes in the resting voltage potential (Vmem) of the plasma membrane driven by ion channels, pumps and gap junctions. Slow Vmem changes in all cells serve as a highly conserved, information-bearing pathway that regulates cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In embryonic and regenerative pattern formation and in the disorganization of neoplasia, bioelectrical cues serve as mediators of large-scale anatomical polarity, organ identity and positional information. Recent developments have resulted in tools that enable a high-resolution analysis of these biophysical signals and their linkage with upstream and downstream canonical genetic pathways. Here, we provide an overview for the study of bioelectric signaling, focusing on state-of-the-art approaches that use molecular physiology and developmental genetics to probe the roles of bioelectric events functionally. We highlight the logic, strategies and well-developed technologies that any group of researchers can employ to identify and dissect ionic signaling components in their own work and thus to help crack the bioelectric code. The dissection of bioelectric events as instructive signals enabling the orchestration of cell behaviors into large-scale coherent patterning programs will enrich on-going work in diverse areas of biology, as biophysical factors become incorporated into our systems-level understanding of cell interactions.

Adams, Dany S.; Levin, Michael

2013-01-01

268

Endogenous voltage gradients as mediators of cell-cell communication: strategies for investigating bioelectrical signals during pattern formation.  

PubMed

Alongside the well-known chemical modes of cell-cell communication, we find an important and powerful system of bioelectrical signaling: changes in the resting voltage potential (Vmem) of the plasma membrane driven by ion channels, pumps and gap junctions. Slow Vmem changes in all cells serve as a highly conserved, information-bearing pathway that regulates cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In embryonic and regenerative pattern formation and in the disorganization of neoplasia, bioelectrical cues serve as mediators of large-scale anatomical polarity, organ identity and positional information. Recent developments have resulted in tools that enable a high-resolution analysis of these biophysical signals and their linkage with upstream and downstream canonical genetic pathways. Here, we provide an overview for the study of bioelectric signaling, focusing on state-of-the-art approaches that use molecular physiology and developmental genetics to probe the roles of bioelectric events functionally. We highlight the logic, strategies and well-developed technologies that any group of researchers can employ to identify and dissect ionic signaling components in their own work and thus to help crack the bioelectric code. The dissection of bioelectric events as instructive signals enabling the orchestration of cell behaviors into large-scale coherent patterning programs will enrich on-going work in diverse areas of biology, as biophysical factors become incorporated into our systems-level understanding of cell interactions. PMID:22350846

Adams, Dany S; Levin, Michael

2013-04-01

269

Communication and Dissemination Strategies to Facilitate the Use of Health-Related Evidence. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment, Number 213.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This review examined how to best communicate and disseminate evidence, including uncertain evidence, to inform health care decisions. The review focused on three primary objectives comparing the effectiveness of: (1) communicating evidence in various cont...

C. L. Melvin L. McCormack M. Lewis S. Sheridan V. Boudewyns

2013-01-01

270

Seeking Informed Consent to Phase I Cancer Clinical Trials: Identifying Oncologists' Communication Strategies. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

The authors identified inadequate communication styles for each of the themes and provided suggestions for improving the quality of communication. The major concerns were paternalistic approach to decision making and use of persuasive language.

271

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (28th, Orlando, Florida, 2005). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the twenty-eighth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.; Crawford, Margaret, Ed.

2005-01-01

272

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (31st, Orlando, FL, 2008)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-first year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) sponsored the publication of these Proceedings. Papers were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. This year's Proceedings has two sections--Section 1 includes research and development papers and…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2008-01-01

273

Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (33rd, Anaheim, California, 2010). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-third year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2010-01-01

274

Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1988 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (10th, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 14-19, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 54 papers in this volume represent some of the most current thinking in educational communications and technology. Individual papers address the following topics: feedback in computer-assisted instruction (CAI); cognitive style and cognitive strategies in CAI; persuasive film-making; learning strategies; computer technology and children's word…

Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; Frederick, Jacqueline K., Ed.

275

Interactive communication strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Physical inactivity is a recognized independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. However, a large proportion of the U.S. population does not participate in regular physical activity, and research has shown that without intervention, most people remain sedentary. Thus, an urgent need exists for developing effective interventions to promote physical-activity adoption and maintenance. Additionally, it is important

Bess H Marcus; Claudio R Nigg; Deborah Riebe; LeighAnn H Forsyth

2000-01-01

276

The Long Island Rail Road Signal Strategy and its joint effort with New York City Transit on communication-based train control  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June, 1997, MTA Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) completed its Signal Strategy, which is a 16 year, $700 Million plan to improve both the condition of its signaling and its suitability to supporting service demands. It addresses both short- and long-term issues regarding safety, reliability, cost, functionality and performance. In the long-term, the plan is heavily dependent on communication-based

V. F. Grappone; G. P. Hubbs

1998-01-01

277

Strategy for signaling molecule detection by using an integrated microfluidic device coupled with mass spectrometry to study cell-to-cell communication.  

PubMed

Cell-to-cell communication is a very important physiological behavior in life entity, and most of human behaviors are related to it. Although cell-to-cell communications are attracting much attention and financial support, rare methods have been successfully developed for in vitro cell-to-cell communication study. In this work, we developed a novel method for cell-to-cell communication study on an integrated microdevice, and signaling molecule and metabolites were online-detected by an electrospray ionization-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass spectrometer (ESI-Q-TOF-MS) after on-chip solid-phase extraction. Moreover, we presented a "Surface Tension Plug" on a microchip to control cell-to-cell communication. The microdevice consists of three functional sections: cell coculture channel, targets pretreatment, and targets detection sections. To verify the feasibility of cell-to-cell communications on the integrated microdevice, we studied the communication between the 293 and the L-02 cells. Epinephrine and glucose were successfully detected using an ESI-Q-TOF-MS with short analysis time (<10 min). The results demonstrated that the developed microfluidic device is a potentially useful tool for high throughput cell-to-cell communication study. PMID:23240962

Mao, Sifeng; Zhang, Jie; Li, Haifang; Lin, Jin-Ming

2013-01-15

278

Report and Guidelines for the Development of Communications Campaigns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the document is to present ideas as guidelines for developing communication strategies to use in promoting change in rural Bangladesh villages. It gives hypothetical examples to show how communication material can be developed; offers a schematic design meant to show how communications personnel can function within the framework of…

Tisa, Benedict

279

A communications-based technique for interdisciplinary design team management  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technique for interdisciplinary design team management that focuses on information processing and communication between team members is presented. A cognitive model of communication-related failure mechanisms of design groups is developed. Strategies for defining and assigning subtasks among individuals or subgroups that are based on the communications model are described. A technique for evaluating the expected effectiveness of a design

Michael J. Safoutin; Deborah L. Thurston

1993-01-01

280

Strategis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Strategis is a web site developed by Industry Canada to provide business information resources to Canadian businesses. Resources available include a searchable database of Canadian companies, business information for each sector, a list of business support services, and a guide to business laws and regulation. The International Business Information Network offers information about business opportunities abroad; Trade Data Online provides Canadian and US trade data. A collection of research publications by Industry Canada and monthly economic indicators on the economy are additional economic resources found at this site. Users can view this site in French or English.

1998-01-01

281

Simulation Strategy for Resilient Distributed Control of AV\\/SAV Swarms and Mission Execution in the Presence of Unreliable Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the key decisions made affecting the design and implementation of a simulator for the development and testing of a distributed communication manager. The reasoning behind the decisions is outlined, as is the plan for the simulator's use. The distributed communication manager is the proposed solution for increasing the resilience of distributed control in a multi-agent system which

Derek Long; Roke Manor

282

2012 NEHA/UL sabbatical report: vulnerability to potential impacts of climate change: adaptation and risk communication strategies for environmental health practitioners in the United Kingdom.  

PubMed

Climate change risk assessment, adaptation, and mitigation planning have become increasingly important to environmental health practitioners (EHPs). The NEHA/UL Sabbatical Exchange Award allowed me to investigate how EHPs in the UK are incorporating climate change planning and communication strategies into their work. Projected climate change risks in the UK include flooding, extreme heat, water shortages, severe weather, decreased air quality, and changes in vectors. Despite public perception and funding challenges, all the local government representatives with whom I met incorporated climate change risk assessment, adaptation, and mitigation planning into their work. The mandated Community Risk Register serves as a key planning document developed by each local government authority and is a meaningful way to look at potential climate change health risks. Adaptation and sustainability were common threads in my meetings. These often took the form of "going green" with transportation, energy efficiency, conserving resources, and building design because the efforts made sense monetarily as future cost savings. Communication strategies targeted a variety of audiences (EHPs, non-EHP government employees, politicians, and the general public) using a broad range of communication channels (professional training, lobbying, conferences and fairs, publications, print materials, Internet resources, social media, billboards, etc). PMID:24749223

Ratnapradipa, Dhitinut

2014-04-01

283

Evaluating Risk Communication: Examining Target Audience Perceptions About Four Presentation Formats for Fish Consumption Health Advisory Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information format can influence the extent to which target audiences understand and respond to risk-related information. This study examined four elements of risk information presentation format. Using printed materials, we examined target audience perceptions about: (a) reading level; (b) use of diagrams vs. text; (c) commanding versus cajoling tone; and (d) use of qualitative vs. quantitative information presented in a

Nancy A. Connelly; Barbara A. Knuth

1998-01-01

284

The Communication Journal Collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building and maintaining a journal collection in communication studies is complicated by a lack of agreement on what communication is, what constitutes a communication journal, and the subsequent inconsistencies in the indexing and abstracting tools for the discipline. This paper provides an overview of the issues and controversies within the discipline and offers practical strategies for managing communication journal collections.

Dawn Popoff

2006-01-01

285

Brief communication: The size of the human frontal sinuses in adults presenting complete persistence of the metopic suture.  

PubMed

The notion of absence of the frontal sinuses in human individuals presenting a persistence of the metopic suture is considered as classical in many treatises of reference; however, precise studies are very rare and even controversial. The purpose of this study was thus to provide original data to confirm or refute this classical affirmation with the perspective of some original insights into biological significance of the frontal sinuses and the factors influencing their exceptional polymorphism. The material consisted of 143 dry skulls of adult individuals (European Homo sapiens), distributed in two groups: 80 skulls presenting a complete frontal closure with total disappearance of the metopic suture, and 63 skulls presenting a complete persistence of the metopic suture. Each skull was radiographed in oblique projection using the occipitomental view. A simple morphological quantification of the sinus size was defined with four categories: (1) aplasia, (2) hypoplasia, (3) medium size, (4) hyperplasia. Statistically significant difference in frontal sinusal size was found between both groups of skulls. Absent and small sinuses were considerably more frequent in skulls with persistence of the metopic suture (57.9 vs. 11.9%): small frontal sinuses (hypoplasia) were much more frequent (50.8 vs. 9.4%), although the frequency of absence of frontal sinuses (aplasia) was only slightly higher (7.1 vs. 2.5%). Am J Phys Anthropol 154:621-627, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24888448

Guerram, Amine; Le Minor, Jean-Marie; Renger, Stéphane; Bierry, Guillaume

2014-08-01

286

Chemical communication among bacteria  

PubMed Central

Cell–cell communication in bacteria is accomplished through the exchange of chemical signal molecules called autoinducers. This process, called quorum sensing, allows bacteria to monitor their environment for the presence of other bacteria and to respond to fluctuations in the number and/or species present by altering particular behaviors. Most quorum-sensing systems are species- or group-specific, which presumably prevents confusion in mixed-species environments. However, some quorum-sensing circuits control behaviors that involve interactions among bacterial species. These quorum-sensing circuits can involve both intra- and interspecies communication mechanisms. Finally, anti-quorumsensing strategies are present in both bacteria and eukaryotes, and these are apparently designed to combat bacteria that rely on cell–cell communication for the successful adaptation to particular niches.

Taga, Michiko E.; Bassler, Bonnie L.

2003-01-01

287

Fan-In Communications On A Cray Gemini Interconnect  

SciTech Connect

Using the Cray Gemini interconnect as our platform, we present a study of an important class of communication operations the fan-in communication pattern. By its nature, fan-in communications form hot spots that present significant challenges for any interconnect fabric and communication software stack. Yet despite the inherent challenges, these communication patterns are common in both applications (which often perform reductions and other collective operations that include fan-in communication such as barriers) and system software (where they assume an important role within parallel file systems and other components requiring high-bandwidth or low-latency I/O). Our study determines the effectiveness of differing clientserver fan-in strategies. We describe fan-in performance in terms of aggregate bandwidth in the presence of varying degrees of congestion, as well as several other key attributes. Comparison numbers are presented for the Cray Aries interconnect. Finally, we provide recommended communication strategies based on our findings.

Jones, Terry R [ORNL] [ORNL; Settlemyer, Bradley W [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01

288

Present status and future strategy in breeding faba beans (Vicia Faba L.) for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Progress is being made, mainly by ICARDA but also elsewhere, in breeding for resistance to Botrytis, AScochyta, Uromyces, and Orobanche; and some lines have resistance to more than one pathogen. The strategy is to extend multiple resistance but also to seek new and durable forms of resistance. Internationally coordinated programs are needed to maintain the momentum of this work.

D. A. Bond; G. J. Jellis; G. G. Rowland; J. Le Guen; L. D. Robertson; S. A. Khalil; L. Li-Juan

1993-01-01

289

Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1986 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (Las Vegas, NV, January 16-21, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues in educational communications and technology are addressed in this collection of 47 papers, in which research reports dominate. Topics discussed include factors related to the learner, e.g., problem-solving skills, motivation, comparison of instructional design strategies, effects of organizational cues and text layouts, and…

Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; And Others

290

Physician executives' persuasive styles of communication in upward influence situations.  

PubMed

This article examines the communicator style choices of physician executives when attempting to persuade a superior whose own style of communication is attractive and unattractive. In the November-December 1990 issue of Physician Executive, the author reported on persuasive strategies physician executives use to influence such targets of influence. Whereas the earlier study focused on what physician executives communicate to be persuasive, the present investigation treated the way physician executives communicate to persuade attractive and unattractive superiors. The results suggest that the way physician executives communicate in upward influence situations is affected by the way their superiors communicate with them. PMID:10161001

Garko, M G

1993-01-01

291

Increasing Parental Involvement in the Preschool Program by Offering Alternative Communication Strategies between Parents and School Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to improve communication between the mostly low-income, Hispanic parents and the non-Hispanic staff of a school-based preschool program. Parents of the program's 20 children were surveyed to determine what factors might encourage their participation in school functions. Parents were also interviewed by telephone and in…

Blakes-Greenway, Doris

292

Issues and Strategies of the Network Political Communication: On the Social-Oriented Construction of E-Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facing the opportunities and challenges of Internet age, Chinese government has initialized the system of network communication with civil society. However, there still exist some notable issues mainly as follows. First, the complexity of Internet information causes the disorders of network political participation. Second, the powers of Internet age are clearly shifted to the hands of technocrats, and thus the

Gao Meng; Fu Cuilian

2010-01-01

293

Home-to-School Connections Guide: Tips, Tech Tools, and Strategies for Improving Family-to-School Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication between home and school is good for kids. Keeping families up-to-date about upcoming events is important, but it's not enough to fully engage parents as partners. When schools and families really work together, that sets the stage for all kinds of benefits. The National Coalition for Parent Involvement in Education reports that…

George Lucas Educational Foundation, 2011

2011-01-01

294

Women and Authority in Business/Technical Communication Scholarship: An Analysis of Writing Features, Methods, and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the means by which women convey their authority in scholarly publications. Analyzes a sample of women's scholarship in technical communication journals. Considers whether traditional writing features conflict with traits associated with "women's ways" of knowing. Suggests areas for future research. (HB)

Allen, Jo

1994-01-01

295

A randomized trial comparison of the effects of verbal and pictorial naturalistic communication strategies on spoken language for young children with autism.  

PubMed

Presently there is no consensus on the specific behavioral treatment of choice for targeting language in young nonverbal children with autism. This randomized clinical trial compared the effectiveness of a verbally-based intervention, Pivotal Response Training (PRT) to a pictorially-based behavioral intervention, the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) on the acquisition of spoken language by young (2-4 years), nonverbal or minimally verbal (?9 words) children with autism. Thirty-nine children were randomly assigned to either the PRT or PECS condition. Participants received on average 247 h of intervention across 23 weeks. Dependent measures included overall communication, expressive vocabulary, pictorial communication and parent satisfaction. Children in both intervention groups demonstrated increases in spoken language skills, with no significant difference between the two conditions. Seventy-eight percent of all children exited the program with more than 10 functional words. Parents were very satisfied with both programs but indicated PECS was more difficult to implement. PMID:24272416

Schreibman, Laura; Stahmer, Aubyn C

2014-05-01

296

Climate change awareness and strategies for communicating the risk of coastal flooding: A Canadian Maritime case example  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rising sea levels, due to thermal expansion of the ocean, and higher frequency and intensity of coastal and inland storms threaten coastal communities worldwide. The implementation of pro-active, planned adaptation to reduce community vulnerability is strongly dependent upon people's perception of the threat posed to their communities at the local scale. Unfortunately, the scarcity of research into effective risk communication limits our understanding of how climate change evidence can most effectively raise risk awareness and inspire community adaptation.

Lieske, David J.; Wade, Tracey; Roness, Lori Ann

2014-03-01

297

Surgical Treatment for Severe Heart Failure: Recent Progress in Treatment Strategy and its Present Status in Japan  

PubMed Central

Chronic intractable heart failure that is unresponsive to maximum medical therapy can have a wide variety of causes; these include advanced valvular diseases and severe myocardial ischemia, ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) in heart failure following extensive myocardial infarction, chronic heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in which the myocardium itself is progressively damaged or the acute aggravation of the latter. Heart transplantation has long been considered the only useful treatment for patients with heart failure due to ICM- and DCM-induced severe left ventricular hypofunction. However, because of the extremely limited number of heart transplant donors, other surgical treatments have also been attempted. In this communication, we provide an overview of the current situation with regard to left ventriculoplasty and heart transplantations, as well as of the treatment of severe heart failure using ventricular assist devices, which have recently shown remarkable progress.

Nishimura, Motonobu

2012-01-01

298

Data presentation, interpretation, and communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four crops were grown in three soil types at four sites near Truro, Nova Scotia in 1998. Water pH measurements and the Adams?Evans (A?E) Lime Requirement Test (LRT) suggested amounts of limestone required to bring the soil pH to 6.5. However, to evaluate the accuracy of three LRT procedures (A?E, Shoemaker, McLean & Pratt, and Mehlich), a range of lime

P. R. Warman; I. Y. Walsh; A. V. Rodd

2000-01-01

299

Survey of trends and approaches of the works related to the Information and Communication Technologies presented at the XIX National Symposium on Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, an investigation of 231 articles of the oral communication sections presented at the National Symposium on Physics Teaching (NSPT) was conducted, trying to identify those related to Information and Communication Technology (ICT), its form of organization, the involved thematic areas and the degree of teaching, allowing to compare the different perspectives and trends in this field. The conducted state of the art-study had a bibliographical character and qualitative contours involving content analysis. It was realized that the thematic area "Information technology, technology diffusion and Physics teaching", where most of the research related to ICT is concentrated, represent 11.7% of the total number of papers at the XIX NSPT, confirming a trend of research in this area. It was found, among other things, the predominance of studies where learning objects are used in Physics Education, especially in High School and University Education; the use of ICT in multidisciplinary work and that some features need to be further explored, such as thermodynamics. It was also noted an expressive amount of studies involving the use of ICT in teacher training proposals, which can contribute to the enlargement of the methodological options of teachers and meet their training needs.

Antunes de Macêdo, Josué; Soares Pedroso, Luciano; Voelzke, Marcos Rincon; Teixeira de Araújo, Mauro Sérgio

2014-04-01

300

Actor Goal Achievement and Sensitivity to Partner as Critical Factors in Understanding Interpersonal Communication Competence and Conflict Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses hypotheses that connect assessments of competence to an actor's goal achievement and sensitivity to the partner's goal. Analyzes both actor and partner assessments of the actor sensitivity and conflict strategies. Concludes that sensitivity to the partner's goals was a strong predictor of competence assessments and that actor goal…

Lakey, Sandra G.; Canary, Daniel J.

2002-01-01

301

Enabling a Prelinguistic Communicator with Autism to Use Picture Card as a Strategy for Repairing Listener Misunderstandings: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study was to examine the effects of a time-delay prompting procedure on the acquisition of skills for repairing multiple listener misunderstandings. A prelinguistic student with autism was taught to use picture cards as a strategy to repair listener misunderstandings in a setting where the student had to ask the listener…

Ohtake, Yoshihisa; Wehmeyer, Michael; Uchida, Naomi; Nakaya, Akitaka; Yanagihara, Masafumi

2010-01-01

302

Simulation Study of Bus Signal Priority Strategy: Taking Advantage of Global Positioning System, Automated Vehicle Location System, and Wireless Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing signal priority for buses has been proposed as an inexpensive way to improve transit efficiency and productivity and to reduce operation costs. Bus signal priority has been implemented in several U.S. cities to improve schedule adherence, reduce transit operation costs, and improve customer ride quality. Current signal priority strategies primarily utilize sensors to detect buses at a fixed or

Chen-Fu Liao; Gary A. Davis

2007-01-01

303

Developing Teaching Strategies for Research Methods that are Appropriate to the Learning Styles of Marketing Communication Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research methods is a key aspect of all degree programmes but is often very unpopular with students – especially marketing students. In this study we explore different learning styles and assess the degree to which these are accommodated by our existing teaching strategies. We utilise a modified Grasha-Reichmann Student Learning Styles Scale (1974) because of the scale’s ability to closely

Sue Court; Mike Molesworth

2003-01-01

304

Cognitive Flexibility, Communication Strategy, and Integrative Complexity in Groups: Public versus Private Reactions to Majority and Minority Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Archival studies of political decision-making groups show that the public statements of policy makers in the majority are higher in integrative complexity than those of minority-faction or unanimous group members. However, whether these differences reflect policy makers' private thoughts, or their public impression management strategies, cannot be inferred using only data from the public record. The experiment reported here established

Melissa C Thomas-Hunt; Peter H Kim

1998-01-01

305

From Poverty to Economic Development: Community and Policy Strategies for Latinos in Massachusetts. Summaries of Papers To Be Presented at Conference (Boston, Massachusetts, December 13, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains summaries of six papers presented at a conference on community and policy strategies for Latinos in Massachusetts. Each summary follows an executive summary format by briefly describing the project or argument and highlighting and summarizing major findings or recommendations. The papers are as follows: (1) "An…

Massachusetts Univ., Boston. Mauricio Gaston Inst. for Latino Community Development and Public Policy.

306

Understanding the Picture Exchange Communication System and Its Application in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and its applications in physical education. The PECS is an appropriate communication intervention for students with autism who lack functional communication skills. It is often confused with other visual support strategies, so the authors delineate the six phases of PECS and…

Green, Amanda; Sandt, Dawn

2013-01-01

307

Summary of a survey of security communications at fixed-site facilities  

SciTech Connect

A general summary of a recent survey of security voice communications at 13 facilities is presented, including survey methodology, the role of communications for security forces at a generic facility, and a list of several strategies for improving the resistance of the communications system against eavesdropping, deception, and jamming. 5 figs.

Snell, M.K.; Gangel, D.J.; Heustess, J.E.

1985-01-01

308

Summary of a survey of security communications at fixed-site facilities  

SciTech Connect

A general summary of a recent survey of security voice communications at 13 facilities is presented, including survey methodology, the role of communications for security forces at a generic facility, and a list of several strategies for improving the resistance of the communications system against eavesdropping, deception, and jamming.

Snell, M.K.; Gangel, D.J.; Heustess, J.E.

1985-01-01

309

Adaptive admission control strategy for multiple services in WCDMA system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The third generation mobile communication systems are expected to offer a large variety of services and calls for more flexible and efficient admission control strategy. This paper presents an adaptive admission control strategy for uplink transmission in WCDMA systems. The adaptive strategy gives priority to handoff calls and dynamically adjusts the number of guard channels according to the failure rates of the handoff calls. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed strategy is more robust than fixed strategy under different mobility environment.

Wang, Yu; Li, Shaoqian; Li, Lemin

2001-10-01

310

The role of infections in the emergence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs): Compelling needs for novel strategies in the developing world.  

PubMed

The emergence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) follows multiple aetiological pathways requiring recognition for effective control and prevention. Infections are proving to be conventional, emerging and re-emerging aetiological factors for many NCDs. This review explores the possible mechanisms by which infections induce NCDs citing examples of studies in Africa and elsewhere where NCDs and infections are proposed or confirmed to be causally linked and also discusses the implications and challenges of these observations for science and medicine. The need to re-evaluate and expand early community and individual preventive and control strategies that will lead to reduction and even elimination of NCDs especially in Africa and other developing countries where infections are prevalent is highlighted. PMID:20701857

Ogoina, Dimie; Onyemelukwe, Geofrey C

2009-01-01

311

Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1980 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division held at Denver, Colorado on April 21-24, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 31 papers in this collection represent approximately 35 percent of the manuscripts which were submitted for consideration to the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) for presentation at t...

M. R. Simonson D. Rohner

1980-01-01

312

A Pilot Study to Test the Effect of Visual Stimulus Presentation Strategies on Learning a Motor Skill. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was designed to determine if multiple-image (four frames at a time) presentations of stimulus material would provide a superior learning mode for students when compared to the usual single image linear presentation of the material. Students who were learning to use audiovisual equipment in an automated laboratory situation were subjects:…

Scholl, Paul

313

Social Goals and Conflict Strategies of Individuals with Mild to Moderate Intellectual Disabilities Who Present Problems of Aggression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A few recent studies have adopted a social cognitive perspective to explore how individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs), who present problems of aggression, view their social world. The focus has mainly been on participants' perceptions of others' behaviour within conflict situations. The present exploratory study aims to…

Pert, C.; Jahoda, A.

2008-01-01

314

Clinical Presentations, Antiplatelet Strategies and Prognosis of Patients with Stent Thrombosis: An Observational Study of 140 Patients  

PubMed Central

Background Until now there has been scarce evidence regarding an optimal antiplatelet strategy and clinical outcomes for patients who had suffered from stent thrombosis (ST). Methods and Results 140 patients who suffered from stent thrombosis were prospectively registered. Patients received dual (aspirin and 150 mg clopidogrel, N?=?66) or triple (additional cilostazol, N?=?74) antiplatelet therapy at the physician’s discretion. Thereafter platelet reactivity and one year clinical outcomes were analyzed. The primary outcome included the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke at one year,which developed in 41 (29.3%) patients, consisting of 31 (22.1%) cardiac death, 9 (6.4%) non-fatal MI and 1 (1.4%) stroke. Recurrent definite and probable ST according to ARC definition was observed in 8 (5.7%) and 14 (10.0%) patients, respectively. Triple therapy was associated with significantly lower platelet reactivities (50.2±17.8, % vs. 59.6±17.2, %, P?=?0.002) compared to high dose dual antiplatelet therapy. However, the incidence of primary events (24.3% vs. 34.8%, P?=?0.172) did not differ between triple and dual antiplatelet therapies. High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HR: 8.35, 95% CI: 2.234?30.867, P?=?0.002) and diabetes (HR: 3.732, 95% CI: 1.353?10.298, P?=?0.011) were independent predictors of primary events. Conclusions Patients who suffered from stent thrombosis have a poor prognosis even after revascularization with intensive antiplatelet therapy. Triple antiplatelet therapy was more effective in reducing on-treatment platelet reactivity, compared to high dose dual antiplatelet therapy.

Han, Ya-Ling; Zhang, Quan-Yu; Li, Yi; Guan, Shao-Yi; Jing, Quan-Min; Wang, Zu-Lu; Zhao, Xin; Wang, Xiao-Zeng; Ma, Ying-Yan; Wang, Bin; Deng, Jie; Wang, Geng; Kim, Young-Hak

2012-01-01

315

Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (33rd, Anaheim, California, 2010). Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the thirty-third year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. This is Volume #2 of the 33rd "Annual Proceedings of Selected Papers on the Practice of Educational Communications and Technology." This volume includes papers…

Simonson, Michael, Ed.

2010-01-01

316

Strategies to evaluate synchronous carcinomas of the colon and rectum in patients that present for emergent surgery.  

PubMed

It is not always possible to evaluate patients that present acutely with carcinoma of the colon and rectum for synchronous lesions. Patients that require emergent surgery necessitate urgent and efficient operation. Patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding, perforation, or obstruction represent a challenging subset of patients with colorectal cancer. An organized approach to these patients in the effort not to overlook a synchronous carcinoma is important. The present paper provides an evidenced-based approach to this special situation. PMID:23476758

Agnew, Jennifer L; Abbadessa, Benjamin; Leitman, I Michael

2013-01-01

317

Communication in NICUs.  

PubMed

In a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) counseling should be a shared culture for all the care givers: it should be developed by all the professionals, to face up to parents' needs of information, explanations, facility of decisions, finding of resources, agreement, help, reassurance, attention. The first essential aspect is the training in counseling skills, by periodic courses for all professionals of the department (physicians, nurses, and physiotherapists). In our department, a professional counselor is present, assisting the medical staff in direct counseling. The counselor's intervention allows a better parent orientation in the situation. A more effective sharing of these rules also facilitates the communication among parents and medical staff. Periodic meetings are established among the medical staff, in which the professional counselor discusses difficult situations to share possible communicative strategies. We wanted to have not only a common communicative style, but also common subjects, independent from the characteristics of each of us. Individuals are often faced with different situations. For every setting that we more frequently face in communication (for example the first interview with a parent of a very preterm infant) we have built an 'algorithm' that follows a pattern: (1) information always given; (2) frequent questions from parents; and (3) frequent difficulties in the communication. Counselling is also a tool to face some critical issue, such as the decision to open the department to parents 24 h on 24, or the promotion of mother's milk use in Very Low Birth Weight Infants (VLBWI). PMID:23158511

Coscia, A; Martano, C; Cresi, F; Tonetto, P; Giuliani, F; Forno, M; Quadrino, S; Mombrò, M; Fabris, C

2012-01-01

318

Giving effective presentations.  

PubMed

Apprehension about oral communication, or public speaking is rated as the number one fear among most individuals. Developing skill in, and comfort with, public speaking is important whether we are presenting oral reports and proposals, responding to questions, or training co-workers. Effective speakers are able to communicate information in a way that stimulates interest, helps the audience to understand and remember, and influences attitudes and behaviours. Many of us think that effective speakers are born rather than made. In truth most successful speakers work hard and invest a great deal of time and effort in to improving their speaking capabilities. Effective public speaking is a learned skill and activity that requires lots of practice. Like other learned skills, having a strategy with clear action steps can help you achieve your goal. PMID:15116467

Englehart, Nadine

2004-03-01

319

The Effective Presentation of Inquiry-Based Classroom Experiments Using Teaching Strategies that Employ Video and Demonstration Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted in the light of the philosophical framework of inquiry-based science education. The research involved the presentation of experiments on basic science concepts that have been tested for validity through inquiry-based processes. The experiments were formulated firstly to determine what differences there would be in student…

Sever, Songul; Oguz-Unver, Ayse; Yurumezoglu, Kemal

2013-01-01

320

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Presenting with Visual and Auditory Impairment in an Adolescent: An Insight to Management Strategies  

PubMed Central

A 15-year-old girl presented with progressive deterioration in vision and hearing over 1 week. A huge spleen was palpated below the left costal margin laying down to inguinal region. Blood count showed hyperleukocytosis with a white blood cell count of 455 × 109/l. Peripheral smear yielded myeloid precursor cells with basophilia. Bone marrow aspiration revealed a blast count of 5% morphologically and 4% by flow cytometry. Fundoscopic examination revealed bilateral retinal exudates, edema and hemorhages. Partial sensorioneural hearing loss was also detected on the right ear. The diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia was confirmed by positive t(9;22) by RT-PCR. After commencing on hydroxyurea and intrathecal methotrexate-prednisolone, progressive improvement in hearing and vision was obtained. In our brief report, we aimed to emphasize rare presentation with visual and hearing impairment of chronic myeloid leukemia during childhood, especially in “chronic phase”.

Unal, Sule; Bayrakc?, Benan; Tuncer, Murat

2010-01-01

321

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Presenting with Visual and Auditory Impairment in an Adolescent: An Insight to Management Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 15-year-old girl presented with progressive deterioration in vision and hearing over 1 week. A huge spleen was palpated\\u000a below the left costal margin laying down to inguinal region. Blood count showed hyperleukocytosis with a white blood cell\\u000a count of 455 × 109\\/l. Peripheral smear yielded myeloid precursor cells with basophilia. Bone marrow aspiration revealed a blast count of 5%

Muge Gokce; Sule Unal; Benan Bayrakç?; Murat Tuncer

2010-01-01

322

In What Ways Are Adolescents Who Engage in Self-Harm or Experience Thoughts of Self-Harm Different in Terms of Help-Seeking, Communication and Coping Strategies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether adolescents who deliberately harmed themselves or had thoughts of self-harm differed from other adolescents in terms of help-seeking, communication and coping strategies. The participants were 6020 15-16 year-old school pupils who were surveyed using an anonymous self-report questionnaire.…

Evans, E.; Hawton, K.; Rodham, K.

2005-01-01

323

The Effect of Using a Program Based on Cooperative Learning Strategy on Developing some Oral Communication Skills of Students, at English Department, Faculty of Education, Sana'a University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of study is to investigate the effective of using a cooperative learning strategy STAD-based program on developing some oral communication skills of second level students, English Department, Faculty of Education, Sana'a University. Based on literature review, related studies and a panel of jury members' point of view, a list of 5 oral…

Zuheer, Khaled Mohsen Mohammed

2008-01-01

324

Fluid-Structure Interactions of the Mitral Valve and Left Heart: Comprehensive Strategies, Past, Present and Future  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The remodeling that occurs after a posterolateral myocardial infarction can alter mitral valve function by creating conformational abnormalities in the mitral annulus and in the posteromedial papillary muscle, leading to mitral regurgitation (MR). It is generally assumed that this remodeling is caused by a volume load and is mediated by an increase in diastolic wall stress. Thus, mitral regurgitation can be both the cause and effect of an abnormal cardiac stress environment. Computational modeling of ischemic MR and its surgical correction is attractive because it enables an examination of whether a given intervention addresses the correction of regurgitation (fluid-flow) at the cost of abnormal tissue stress. This is significant because the negative effects of an increased wall stress due to the intervention will only be evident over time. However, a meaningful fluid-structure interaction model of the left heart is not trivial; it requires a careful characterization of the in-vivo cardiac geometry, tissue parameterization though inverse analysis, a robust coupled solver that handles collapsing Lagrangian interfaces, automatic grid-generation algorithms that are capable of accurately discretizing the cardiac geometry, innovations in image analysis, competent and efficient constitutive models and an understanding of the spatial organization of tissue microstructure. In this manuscript, we profile our work toward a comprehensive fluid-structure interaction model of the left heart by reviewing our early work, presenting our current work and laying out our future work in four broad categories: data collection, geometry, fluid-structure interaction and validation.

Einstein, Daniel R.; Del Pin, Facundo; Jiao, Xiangmin; Kuprat, Andrew P.; Carson, James P.; Kunzelman, Karyn S.; Cochran, Richard P.; Guccione, Julius M.; Ratcliffe, Mark B.

2009-01-01

325

The Contemporary Relevance of Communication Research: Using "Communication Currents" in the Communication Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to describe a rationale and strategies for use of the National Communication Association's online magazine, "Communication Currents", in the undergraduate communication curriculum. "Communication Currents" features essays that translate current scholarship published in NCA journals, making the research "understandable…

Waldeck, Jennifer H.

2008-01-01

326

Communication Strategies Must Be Tailored to a Medication's Targeted Population: Lessons from the Case of BiDil  

PubMed Central

Background The American population's diversity continues to grow, and its racial and ethnic mixes are changing. The US healthcare system must confront this changing reality. The introduction of isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine hydrochloride (BiDil) to the US marketplace was a move toward recognizing these changing consumer needs. BiDil was approved specifically as a secondary treatment for heart failure in African-American patients. It remains the first and only drug approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for a race-based indication. To ensure commercial success, a drug must be made “visible” to healthcare providers and to consumers. Objectives To describe and analyze the case of BiDil and its potential implications for drugs developed for targeted populations to help them avoid a similar fate of market withdrawal because of commercial considerations. Method This analysis is based on 12 comprehensive interviews with 5 clinical investigators, 1 minority healthcare provider, and 5 pharmaceutical representatives, as well as a review of the literature. Overall, 12 one-hour semistructured interviews were conducted. Of the 11 interviewees, 10 were interviewed once and 1 was interviewed once early in the process and then had a second interview by the end of the study. When the 12 scheduled interviews were completed, the recordings were transcribed and subjected to analysis through the use of a readily available computer software package, using concepts and themes collected from the literature and the interviewees' responses. Results The interviewees lacked consensus regarding the unique nature of BiDil. The clinical researchers considered it innovative in identifying that taking the 2 drugs together produced the greatest clinical effect in African-American patients with heart failure. For them, BiDil represented an innovation in the emerging field of personalized medicine. However, they were dismayed to see that these beliefs were challenged by the medical community and their physician colleagues. They reported that practicing, mainly primary care physicians considered the development of a branded medication that combined 2 older drugs to be superfluous, because the same effect could be achieved by administering each agent individually at the same time. Obtaining a patent for BiDil, therefore, was seen simply as a desire for commercial gain. During the approval hearings, representatives of the sponsored company attributed these concerns to “misinformed physicians” and “uninformed patients.” Conclusion The case of BiDil demonstrates that a marketing strategy for a population with unique health issues requires an understanding of underlying cultural, social, and economic underpinnings. Ignorance of these dynamics within the African-American community was blatantly reflected at the launch of the drug. Although BiDil remains a treatment option, there is no marketing effort to promote its use. The failure to capture the targeted market for the drug has important implications for the future of commercial considerations in the development of race-based medications.

Hawkins-Taylor, Chamika; Carlson, Angeline M

2013-01-01

327

Discussing cancer: communication with african americans.  

PubMed

Regular screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) facilitates earlier detection, lowers mortality, and may reduce incidence through detection and removal of pre-cancerous polyps. Optimizing health professional delivery of CRC screening information and recommendations can assist in reducing CRC disparity in the African-American community. This article presents qualitative data on African Americans' attitudes about health professional CRC communications based on the analysis of focus groups (N = 79). Using a social-ecological framework, colorectal cancer and professional communication themes are examined to offer four general and nine cancer-specific theoretically based and culturally appropriate strategies for improving health professional cancer communication with African Americans. PMID:25050658

Caito, Nikki; Hood, Sula; Thompson, Vetta L Sanders

2014-07-01

328

Serial Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduce the RS232 standard and position it within the crowded field of serial communications standards. Configure the 8051\\u000a serial port. Read and write to the serial port. Introduce software and hardware handshaking.\\u000a \\u000a This chapter is a fast-paced introduction to RS232 serial communications. Unlike other books that start with a history lesson,\\u000a this one will present material as it is needed

Kai Qian; David Haring; Li Cao

329

How effective are strategies for non-communicable disease prevention and control in a high risk population in a developing country? Isfahan Healthy Heart Programme  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Isfahan Healthy Heart Programme (IHHP) is a community-based programme for non-communicable diseases prevention and control using both a population and high risk approach in Iran. This study demonstrated the efficacy of IHHP interventional strategies to improve lifestyle behaviours in a population at risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Material and methods Healthy Lifestyle for NCDs High Risk Population is one of ten projects of IHHP. High risk individuals were defined as those who have at least one risk factor for developing coronary artery disease (CAD). Changes of behavioural indicators have been compared between two areas with a survey after 5 years of intervention. Results Among high risk individuals in the intervention and reference areas, 77.8% and 82.5% had at least one major risk factor for CAD. The prevalence of major risk factors for CAD (except cigarette smoking) was decreased in both intervention and reference areas during 5 years of intervention and the pattern of diet and physical activity was improved. Conclusions Interventional activities in IHHP targeting the high risk population seem to be effective in improving lifestyle behaviour, increasing awareness and control of risk factors of the high risk population.

Baghaei, Abdolmehdi; Rabiei, Katayoun; Gharipour, Mojgan; Tavasoli, Ali Akbar; Shirani, Shahin; Bahonar, Ahamad; Davarpanah, Amir Hossein; Ramezani, Mohammad Arash; Kelishadi, Roya

2010-01-01

330

Anthropogenic versus natural processes and pollution in Padana Valley in last years involving new communication/policy strategies and ethical issues in research evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smart grids-Smat cities "fashion" requires management plans of highly urbanized areas located over the Padanian floodplain, which are prone to diffuse pollution of both lands and urban sectors, mostly after the disasters caused by tremendous alluvial rains in January 2014, when shallow aquifers and agricultural matters could have increase pollution over wide territory. Moreover the urban expansion has affected areas previously used for industrial activity and in some cases such for landfills. When the loss of memory of previous activity prevails after urbanization, with health issues, ethical questions are inevitable, accompanied by social conflicts and economic impacts. The alluvial plains of active tectonic areas - as the Padania Valley - in additions to widespread "anthropogenic pollution" is suffering from widespread "natural pollution" of deep fluid sources - mainly methane - corresponding to areas prone to uprising gaseous brines, along faults. Some of them were partially activated during the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence. This noteworthy seismic sequence engaged discussion about the possible role of gas storages and hydrocarbons production or the simple/exploring drilling activity to trigger typical tectonic seismicity. The paper deepen this troubled communication strategy, their gaps and peculiar geopolicy case histories, to avoid the same strategy, in the future. On the other hand, gas burst or brine-gas-contamination in shallow aquifers, soils and indoor, should be studied by simple and cheap methods, by deepening stratigraphic gaps for the tectonics effects on sedimentation: natural processes should be recalled prior to recall anthropogenic causes, if any. Policy should be more responsible in state clearly the role of research in study infrastructures/processes, also when engaged by private companies, for sites selected by ministries mostly to star research: relevant gaps involves serious confusion in the public as regards responsibility and an exact reconstruction of the true facts. Moreover these areas are affected by natural enrichment in heavy metals and toxic elements harmful to the health: geochemical surveying may allow both to recognize issues of diffuse "natural pollution" and to identify markers and tracers able to discriminate among anthropogenic and natural anomalies by geochemical methods mostly. The discovery of pollution emergency poses the problem of how to share to the public scientific data, avoiding that communication produces alarmism or persecution for the involved researchers, as occurred in the past. When diffuse pollution is linked to natural causes which can be defined as transient that precede potential gas-burst disasters, the risk communication by researchers not always meets sufficient support from those who are responsible for the administration of the territory, being afraid to lose the political consensus. Conflicts of interest in promoting certain non urgent research should be highlighted readily and clearly. This is one of the main cause of low resources devoted to the study of transient geochemical contamination in shallow aquifers, which could be useful for seismotectonic research too. A discussion about: i) intellectual property & equal opportunity for all Earth Science researchers to have access to the public research calls (MIUR, MATT MSE Ministries); ii) about the critical research on some short-term hazards, which penalized the researchers in terms of scientific productivity and career was opened by the paper, suggesting new research evaluation indicators -ethical ones- than Impact Factor only.

Quattrocchi, Fedora; Vaccaro, Carmela; Boschi, Enzo

2014-05-01

331

Exploring Technology Education: Exploring Communication Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials include a teacher's guide designed to assist instructors in organizing and presenting a unit of study on communication technology and a student guide. The materials are based on the curriculum-alignment concept of first stating the objectives, developing instructional strategies for teaching those objectives, and then…

Joerschke, John D.

332

More secure communication using chained chaotic oscillators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this Letter, a strategy for more secure communication using chaotic signals is presented. In this approach, the transmitter is composed by a chain of chaotic oscillator where the input to the first oscillator is modulated by the information signal and the transmitted signal is the output of the last oscillator. The receiver is a linear asymptotic approximation to the

Hector Puebla; Jose Alvarez-Ramirez

2001-01-01

333

Impact of the day-30 screening strategy on the disease presentation and outcome of retinopathy of prematurity. The Indian twin cities retinopathy of prematurity report number 3.  

PubMed

Context: Outcomes of various screening strategies in retinopathy of prematurity are not well reported. Aim: To assess the impact of a city-wide, ROP screening strategy, on the disease presentation and treatment outcome. Materials and Methods: A retrospective case-control study from a prospectively collected ROP data-base was analyzed. Cases (group 1a) included ROP babies that were screened directly in neonatal intensive care units, and controls (group 1b) were babies referred directly to the institute from other neonatal centers during the same period. Historical controls (group 2) were ROP cases seen in the years preceding establishment of this ROP program and database. Primary outcome measure was the risk of eyes presenting with stage 4 or worse ROP, and main secondary outcome measure was the final anatomic outcome. Results: Of the 643 cases screened, 322 eyes of 161 babies had ROP. The median age of 7.19 months at presentation for the 46 patients (92 eyes) in group 2 was higher than the median age of 1.29 months for the 115 patients (230 eyes) in group 1. Within the group 1, group 1a had lower median age at presentation than group 1b (0.91 months versus 2.30 months). The relative risk of an eye presenting in the stage 4 and 5 in group 2 was 4.7 times higher (95% confidence interval 3.07 -7.32) than in group 1. Eyes that could be given treatment in group 2 were significantly less (P < 0.0005) than in group 1. The relative risk of poor outcome in group 2 was 3.83 times higher (95% confidence interval 2.75 -5.34) than in group 1. Group 1a eyes had the best outcomes. Conclusion: Early screening before one month of age in neonatal centers detects the disease early where prompt treatment can lead to favorable outcomes. The study provides early results of a model strategy for ROP screening. PMID:24088643

Jalali, Subhadra; Anand, Raj; Rani, Padmaja Kumari; Balakrishnan, Divya

2014-05-01

334

Impact of the day-30 screening strategy on the disease presentation and outcome of retinopathy of prematurity. The Indian twin cities retinopathy of prematurity report number 3  

PubMed Central

Context: Outcomes of various screening strategies in retinopathy of prematurity are not well reported. Aim: To assess the impact of a city-wide, ROP screening strategy, on the disease presentation and treatment outcome. Materials and Methods: A retrospective case-control study from a prospectively collected ROP data-base was analyzed. Cases (group 1a) included ROP babies that were screened directly in neonatal intensive care units, and controls (group 1b) were babies referred directly to the institute from other neonatal centers during the same period. Historical controls (group 2) were ROP cases seen in the years preceding establishment of this ROP program and database. Primary outcome measure was the risk of eyes presenting with stage 4 or worse ROP, and main secondary outcome measure was the final anatomic outcome. Results: Of the 643 cases screened, 322 eyes of 161 babies had ROP. The median age of 7.19 months at presentation for the 46 patients (92 eyes) in group 2 was higher than the median age of 1.29 months for the 115 patients (230 eyes) in group 1. Within the group 1, group 1a had lower median age at presentation than group 1b (0.91 months versus 2.30 months). The relative risk of an eye presenting in the stage 4 and 5 in group 2 was 4.7 times higher (95% confidence interval 3.07 -7.32) than in group 1. Eyes that could be given treatment in group 2 were significantly less (P < 0.0005) than in group 1. The relative risk of poor outcome in group 2 was 3.83 times higher (95% confidence interval 2.75 -5.34) than in group 1. Group 1a eyes had the best outcomes. Conclusion: Early screening before one month of age in neonatal centers detects the disease early where prompt treatment can lead to favorable outcomes. The study provides early results of a model strategy for ROP screening.

Jalali, Subhadra; Anand, Raj; Rani, Padmaja Kumari; Balakrishnan, Divya

2014-01-01

335

The U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Summary Posters: A GIS-based Education and Communication Product for Presenting Consolidated Post-Earthquake Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake Summary Posters (ESP's), a new product of the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Program, are produced at the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) in Golden. The posters consist of rapidly-generated, GIS-based maps made following significant earthquakes worldwide (typically M>7.0, or events of significant media/public interest). ESP's consolidate, in an attractive map format, a large-scale epicentral map, several auxiliary regional overviews (showing tectonic and geographical setting, seismic history, seismic hazard, and earthquake effects), depth sections (as appropriate), a table of regional earthquakes, and a summary of the reional seismic history and tectonics. The immediate availability of the latter text summaries has been facilitated by the availability of Rapid, Accurate Tectonic Summaries (RATS) produced at NEIC and posted on the web following significant events. The rapid production of ESP's has been facilitated by generating, during the past two years, regional templates for tectonic areas around the world by organizing the necessary spatially-referenced data for the map base and the thematic layers that overlay the base. These GIS databases enable scripted Arc Macro Language (AML) production of routine elements of the maps (for example background seismicity, tectonic features, and probabilistic hazard maps). However, other elements of the maps are earthquake-specific and are produced manually to reflect new data, earthquake effects, and special characteristics. By the end of this year, approximately 85% of the Earth's seismic zones will be covered for generating future ESP's. During the past year, 13 posters were completed, comparable to the yearly average expected for significant earthquakes. Each year, all ESPs will be published on a CD in PDF format as an Open-File Report. In addition, each is linked to the special event earthquake pages on the USGS Earthquake Program web site (http://earthquake.usgs.gov). Although three formats are generated, the poster-size format is the most popular for display, outreach, and use as a working map for project scientists (JPEG format for web; PDF for download, editing, and printing) whereas the other (smaller) formats are suitable for briefing packages. We will soon make both GIS and PDF files of individual elements of the posters available online. ESP's provide an unprecedented opportunity for college earth-science faculty to take advantage of current events for timely lessons in global tectonics. They are also invaluable to communicate with the media and with government officials. ESP's will be used as a vehicle to present other products now under development under the auspices of NEIC and the ANSS, including rapid finite-fault models, global predictive ShakeMaps, "Did You Feel It?", and Rapid Assessments of Global Earthquakes (RAGE, Earle and others, this meeting).

Tarr, A.; Benz, H.; Earle, P.; Wald, D. J.

2003-12-01

336

Classroom Communication of Science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project analyzes the regular patterns of social interaction in science classrooms and the verbal and nonverbal strategies by which the science content of lessons is communicated. Based on observation and recording of 60 lessons by 20 teachers in seco...

J. L. Lemke

1982-01-01

337

Quantum Communications Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project supported research activities for making quantum- enhanced communications and metrology practical. The strategy was to develop robust photonic quantum states and sensors serving as an archetype for loss- tolerant information acquisition beyon...

I. A. Walmsley

2012-01-01

338

How to Incorporate Multimedia in the Business Communication Classroom--Without Learning New Software Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an end-of-semester assignment used in business communication courses in which groups of students give final presentations comparing communication strategies of three companies in an industry. Notes that the techniques of creating and giving multimedia presentations are learned by students from each other. (SR)

Wolff, Aline

1997-01-01

339

Mathematical Understanding 5-11: A Practical Guide to Creative Communication in Maths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's mathematical misconceptions very often arise as a result of poor communication. This practical and innovative book presents a range of creative strategies to help teachers communicate effectively in the mathematics classroom, offering some new ways of presenting the fundamental concepts and principles of mathematics, and clearly…

Cockburn, Anne D.

2007-01-01

340

Appropriateness and Effectiveness Perceptions of Conflict Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates how conflict strategies and communicator gender affect two properties of communicative competence, appropriateness and effectiveness, and how these properties are associated with interpersonal attraction. (SR)

Canary, Daniel J.; Spitzberg, Brian H.

1987-01-01

341

Introduction to Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum was developed to help hearing impaired high school students understand hearing loss and its effects on communication skills as well as to develop strategies and find resources for building communication skills. Course materials are divided into six sections: (1) sound and hearing (concepts of sound, the anatomy and physiology of the…

Model Secondary School for the Deaf, Washington, DC.

342

Communicating with Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the institutional context of financial issues and related communication enhances the effectiveness of student affairs administrators within their areas of responsibility and as leaders of change on campus. This chapter focuses on key aspects of developing a comprehensive communication strategy.

Eldridge, Jonathan; Mason, Tisa

2010-01-01

343

Computer-Based Response-Sensitive Design Strategies for Selecting Presentation Form and Sequence of Examples in Learning of Coordinate Concepts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two computer-based instructional design strategies were investigated to improve the two-phase process of concept learning by being response sensitive to error patterns. The first strategy determined the format of examples by adaptive or fixed selection; the second strategy adjusted the selection according to rules of generalization and…

Park, Ok-Choon; Tennyson, Robert D.

1986-01-01

344

In what ways are adolescents who engage in self-harm or experience thoughts of self-harm different in terms of help-seeking, communication and coping strategies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether adolescents who deliberately harmed themselves or had thoughts of self-harm differed from other adolescents in terms of help-seeking, communication and coping strategies. The participants were 6020 15–16 year-old school pupils who were surveyed using an anonymous self-report questionnaire. Adolescents with one or more episodes of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in the previous

Emma Evans; Keith Hawton; Karen Rodham

2005-01-01

345

Cancer chemoprevention and cancer preventive vaccines--a call to action: leaders of diverse stakeholder groups present strategies for overcoming multiple barriers to meet an urgent need.  

PubMed

The emerging field of cancer prevention through chemoprevention agents and cancer vaccines offers significant promise for reducing suffering and death from cancer. However, that promise may not be kept unless major barriers to progress are lowered or eliminated. Among the most significant barriers are the relatively small investment from government and industry in research and development of cancer preventive agents; a predominant emphasis of translational cancer research on therapeutic interventions for metastatic or advanced cancer; complexities of prevention trial design; a relatively uncharted Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval process for preventive agents; insufficient public and patient understanding of the importance and potential for cancer preventive measures, with consequent unpredictable public and patient willingness to take preventive agents; an uncertain reimbursement from payors; and limitations in patent law, liability protection, and data package exclusivity that undermine the opportunity for recouping investment. Viewed individually or collectively, each of these barriers serves as a substantial deterrent to intellectual and financial investment by all sectors of the cancer community. In an effort to ultimately overcome these barriers, a Cancer Prevention Research Summit was assembled June 12-13, 2006 in Bethesda, Maryland, organized by C-Change with support from the AACR. The Summit brought together some 120 leaders from private, public, and not-for-profit entities, including cancer researchers and clinicians; federal health officials; regulatory agency representatives; pharmaceutical, biotech, and food industry leaders; patent attorneys; economists; public and private provider group executives; and advocates. Participants engaged in a detailed process to more carefully define the major barriers, identify potential solutions, and formulate initial priorities and recommendations for action. At the conclusion of this dialogue among experts, the following recommended actions were outlined: define policy solutions to patent, intellectual property, and liability law barriers; create an advisory document about the approval process for cancer chemopreventive agents and vaccines for the FDA; develop new design models for cancer chemopreventive clinical trials; outline the business case for chemopreventive agents and vaccines for federal research agencies, payors and investors; and implement a communications strategy to increase public awareness about the importance of chemoprevention and cancer preventive vaccines. PMID:17158189

Herberman, Ronald B; Pearce, Homer L; Lippman, Scott M; Pyenson, Bruce S; Alberts, David S

2006-12-15

346

Urge-Specific and Lifestyle Coping Strategies of Alcoholics: Relationships of Specific Strategies to Treatment Outcome  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND The present study examined the efficacy of various specific lifestyle and situation-specific coping skills by determining the relationship of each of these strategies to drinking outcomes. METHODS Patients with alcohol dependence in intensive day treatment were participating in a randomized trial naltrexone versus placebo and adjunctive communication and coping skills training or a control treatment. The alcohol version of the Urge-Specific Strategies (USS) questionnaire and the General Strategies for Alcoholics (GSA) were administered early in treatment. The USS assesses 16 situation-specific strategies taught in cue exposure treatment, communication skills training, or relaxation/meditation training to cope with experiencing an urge to drink (e.g., think of positive and negative consequences of drinking, use mastery messages, engage in an alternative behavior); the 21-item GSA assesses lifestyle change strategies taught in communication skills training and in the general treatment program (e.g., keep busy, exercise regularly, attend 12-Step meetings, avoid high-risk situations). Alcohol use and frequency of use of the skills were assessed 6 and 12 months following treatment. RESULTS Many specific behavioral and cognitive coping strategies were significantly related to drinking outcomes, including 13 urge-specific and 18 general lifestyle strategies, while other strategies were unrelated. CONCLUSIONS Since some strategies taught in treatment are more effective in preventing relapse than others, treatment may be improved by focusing on these specific strategies. Since results may be limited to this population, replication is needed in more diverse settings and without medication.

Dolan, Sara L.; Rohsenow, Damaris J.; Martin, Rosemarie A.; Monti, Peter M.

2012-01-01

347

Communicating Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are in an era of rapidly changing communication media, which is driving a major evolution in the modes of communicating science. In the past, a mainstay of scientific communication in popular media was through science “translators”; science journalists and presenters. These have now nearly disappeared and are being replaced by widespread dissemination through, e.g., the internet, blogs, YouTube and journalists who often have little scientific background and sharp deadlines. Thus, scientists are required to assume increasing responsibility for translating their scientific findings and calibrating their communications to non-technical audiences, a task for which they are often ill prepared, especially when it comes to controversial societal issues such as tobacco, evolution, and most recently climate change (Oreskes and Conway 2010). Such issues have been politicized and hi-jacked by ideological belief systems to such an extent that constructive dialogue is often impossible. Many scientists are excellent communicators, to their peers. But this requires careful attention to detail and logical explanation, open acknowledgement of uncertainties, and dispassionate delivery. These qualities become liabilities when communicating to a non-scientific audience where entertainment, attention grabbing, 15 second sound bites, and self assuredness reign (e.g. Olson 2009). Here we report on a program initiated by NCAR and UCAR to develop new approaches to science communication and to equip present and future scientists with the requisite skills. If we start from a sound scientific finding with general scientific consensus, such as the warming of the planet by greenhouse gases, then the primary emphasis moves from the “science” to the “art” of communication. The art cannot have free reign, however, as there remains a strong requirement for objectivity, honesty, consistency, and above all a resistance to advocating particular policy positions. Targeting audience attitudes and beliefs, which studies such as the Six Americas research help identify, is key to effective science communications (e.g. Leiserowitz, Maibach, et al, 2009). We argue that the impact of the scientific message can be substantially improved by targeting it to these additional factors. This does require an understanding of the audience and a repackaging of the message to different societal groups. Logical and dispassionate presentation of evidence works for a target scientific audience, but major decisions from the policy to the personal level are influenced by many factors including immediacy, economics, culture, community leaders, emotional framing, and ideological filters.

Holland, G. J.; McCaffrey, M. S.; Kiehl, J. T.; Schmidt, C.

2010-12-01

348

Communicating food safety: Ethical issues in risk communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses two paradigms of risk communication that guide strategies for communicating food safety issues. Built on the principles of social utility and paternalism, the first paradigm heavily relies on science and technical experts to determine food safety regulations and policies. Risk communication, in this context, is a unidirectional process by which experts from the industry or government regulatory

Clifford W. Scherer; Napoleon K. Juanillo

1992-01-01

349

Communications protocol  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention relates to an improved communications protocol which increases the efficiency of transmission in return channels on a multi-channel slotted Alohas system by incorporating advanced error correction algorithms, selective retransmission protocols and the use of reserved channels to satisfy the retransmission requests.

Zhou, Xiaoming (Inventor); Baras, John S. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

350

Communicating water quality risk  

SciTech Connect

Technology for detecting and understanding water quality problems and the impacts of activities on long-range groundwater quality has advanced considerably. In the past a technical solution was considered adequate but today one must consider a wide range of both technical and social factors in evaluating technical alternatives that are also acceptable social solutions. Policies developed and implemented with limited local participation generally are resisted and become ineffective if public cooperation is necessary for effective implementation. The public, the experts and the policymakers all must understand and appreciate the different perspectives present in risk policymaking. The typical model used to involve the public in policy decisions is a strategy described as the decide-announce-defend-approach. Much more acceptable to the public, but also more difficult to implement, is a strategy that calls for free flow of information within the community about the problem, policies and potential solutions. Communication about complex issues will be more successful if the communication is substantial; if it takes advantage of existing interpersonal networks and mass media; if it pays particular attention to existing audience knowledge, interest and behaviors; and if it clearly targets messages to various segments of the audience.

Scherer, C.W. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States))

1990-01-01

351

Gestural communication in a new world parrot.  

PubMed

Male birds can use visual signals to provide information about their sexual status, via bright coloration, sophisticated sexual displays and elaborate tail and head crests. The majority of forest bird species use vocal communication as their main strategy to show their physiological status during breeding season. It is also used to keep contact between individuals in the same group, in agonistic contexts, and by chicks begging for food. We registered, for the very first time, gestural communication acting in the context of biparental care for the Orange-winged Amazon, Amazona amazonica. This parrot presents at least nine different sounds uttered in contexts of alarm, agonistic, foraging, contact flight and others. This finding suggests that despite being a vocal species, this parrot can perform gestural communication related to parental care. The gestures exhibited by this species represent a strategy for survival, a clever way to protect the nest, reducing the risk of attracting the attention of predators. PMID:24631994

Moura, Leiliany N; Silva, Maria L; Garotti, Marilice M F; Rodrigues, Angélica L F; Santos, Adrine C; Ribeiro, Ivete F

2014-06-01

352

Inter-Satellite Communications Considerations and Requirements for Distributed Spacecraft and Formation Flying Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to avoid selecting inadequate inter-spacecraft cross-link communications standards for Distributed Spacecraft System (DSS) missions, it is first necessary to identify cross-link communications strategies and requirements common to a cross-section of proposed missions. This paper addresses the cross-link communication strategies and requirements derived from a survey of 39 DSS mission descriptions that are projected for potential launch within the next 20 years. The inter-spacecraft communications strategies presented are derived from the topological and communications constraints from the DSS missions surveyed. Basic functional requirements are derived from an analysis of the fundamental activities that must be undertaken to establish and maintain a cross-link between two DSS spacecraft. Cross-link bandwidth requirements are derived from high-level assessments of mission science objectives and operations concepts. Finally, a preliminary assessment of possible cross-link standards is presented within the context of the basic operational and interoperability requirements.

Kwadrat, Carl F.; Horne, William D.; Edwards, Bernard L.

2002-01-01

353

An explorative study on discrepancies in communication and action of German companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The article seeks to present first findings regarding the nature of discrepancies in communication and action and draws conclusions to induce further research. Although (internationally) operating organisations are far too complex to avoid discrepancies at all in corporate communication and action, monitoring discrepancies and developing strategies to deal with them, can be a contributing factor in avoiding losses

Jens Seiffert; Günter Bentele; Lars Mende

2011-01-01

354

Teaching Paraeducators to Support the Communication of Young Children with Complex Communication Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paraeducators are frequent communication partners for young children with complex communication needs (CCN) in early childhood settings. This study examined the impact of instruction to paraeducators in two communication interaction strategies (IPLAN [Identify activities for communication, Provide means for communication, Locate and provide…

Douglas, Sarah N.; Light, Janice C.; McNaughton, David B.

2013-01-01

355

Combining content and elements of communication into an upper-level biochemistry course.  

PubMed

This report describes how a science communication module was incorporated into an advanced biochemistry course. Elements of communication were taught synergistically with biochemistry content in this course in an effort to expose students to a variety of effective oral communication strategies. Students were trained to use these established techniques and incorporated them into various presentations throughout the course. Three students describe their use of specific resources and how the skills learned relate to their future career. The importance and relevance of science communication are receiving unprecedented national attention. The academic scientific community must respond by incorporating more communication-centered instruction and opportunities in the classroom and laboratory. PMID:24375847

Whittington, Carli P; Pellock, Samuel J; Cunningham, Rebecca L; Cox, James R

2014-01-01

356

A strategy of antigen incorporation into exosomes: comparing cross-presentation levels of antigens delivered by engineered exosomes and by lentiviral virus-like particles.  

PubMed

Among strategies aimed at developing new nanoparticle-based vaccines, exosomes hold much promise. They are nanovesicles released by basically all eukaryotic cell types originating from intraluminal vesicles which accumulate in multivesicular bodies. Exosomes have immunogenic properties whose strength correlates with the amounts of associated antigens. Engineering antigens to target them in exosomes represents the last frontier in terms of nanoparticle-based vaccines. Here we report a new method to incorporate protein antigens in exosomes relying on the unique properties of a mutant of the HIV-1 Nef protein, Nef(mut). This is a biologically inactive mutant we found incorporating into exosomes at high levels also when fused at its C-terminus with foreign proteins. We compared both biochemical and antigenic properties of Nef(mut) exosomes with those of previously characterized Nef(mut) -based lentiviral virus-like particles (VLPs). We found that exosomes incorporate Nef(mut) and fusion protein derivatives with similar efficiency of VLPs. When an envelope fusion protein was associated with both exosomes and VLPs to favor cross-presentation of associated antigens, Nef(mut) and its derivatives incorporated in exosomes were cross-presented at levels at least similar to what observed when the antigens were delivered by engineered VLPs. This occurred despite exosomes entered target cells with an apparent lower efficiency than VLPs. The unique properties of HIV-1 Nef(mut) in terms of exosome incorporation efficiency, carrier of foreign antigens, and lack of anti-cellular effects open the way toward the development of a flexible, safe, cost-effective exosome-based CD8(+) T cell vaccine platform. PMID:23099330

Lattanzi, Laura; Federico, Maurizio

2012-11-26

357

Eavesdropping on secure deterministic communication with qubits through photon-number-splitting attacks  

SciTech Connect

A collective photon-number-splitting attack strategy is proposed, which combines photon-number-splitting attack with an unambiguous set discrimination of quantum state. Verified by this attack strategy, it is shown that a two-way quantum secure direct communication protocol with qubits is insecure in real circumstance. Finally, we present a possible improved version of this kind of quantum secure direct communication protocol.

Lin Song [State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); School of Mathematics and Computer Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Wen Qiaoyan; Gao Fei [State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Zhu Fuchen [National Laboratory for Modern Communications, P.O. Box 810, Chengdu 610041 (China)

2009-05-15

358

Algorithmic communication with extraterrestrial intelligence (ACETI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many different strategies for communication with extraterrestrial intelligence have been proposed since the invention of wireless communication. these strategies can be roughly divided into two categories: pictorial and non- pictorial (math-based) systems. Pictorial messages, such as the bitmap transmitted from the Arecibo radiotelescope in 1975, can be used to communicate a wide variety of ideas and symbols. Non-pictorial systems, such

Brian McConnell

2001-01-01

359

EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF REAL-TIME COMMUNICATION ON MEDIA CHOICE IN THE CONTEXT OF DISTRIBUTED WORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an exploratory study into the use of real-time communication (RTC) systems to support distributed work. Motivated by the authors' dissatisfaction with theories assuming individually rational actors, the paper suggests the idea of informated presence to capture phenomena emerging from employees' increasingly computer-mediated engagement with their work environment. Four case vignettes are presented to illustrate different communicative strategies

Aleksi Aaltonen

360

Trophallaxis within a robotic swarm: bio-inspired communication among robots in a swarm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a bio-inspired communication strategy for large-scale robotic swarms. The strategy is based purely on\\u000a robot-to-robot interactions without any central unit of communication. Thus, the emerging swarm regulates itself in a purely\\u000a self-organized way. The strategy is biologically inspired by the trophallactic behavior (mouth-to-mouth feedings) performed\\u000a by social insects. We show how this strategy can be used in

Thomas Schmickl; Karl Crailsheim

2008-01-01

361

Aging and Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents comprehensive discussions dealing with the importance to older people of communication. Chapters, written by professionals and educators representing numerous viewpoints and disciplines, cover such topics as basic considerations in communicating with older people, the retiree's perspective on communication, generation gaps,…

Oyer, Herbert J., Ed.; Oyer, E. Jane, Ed.

362

The Nonsexist Communicator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as an aid in eradicating sexism in communication, this manual attempts to promote an understanding of sexism, to deepen the commitment to eliminate it, and to develop a nonsexist communication style. The first chapter presents the concept of nonsexist communication and then introduces the idea of reverse sexism. It includes an analysis of…

Persing, Bobbye Sorrels

363

Widgetizing Communication Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose a framework of building communication features as web widgets and compose these widgets to better serve users with highly customizable features, friendly user interfaces, and easier integration with other web services. We address several challenges of the widgetizing process, including feature interaction handling, inter-widget communication, integrating phone, desktop and network communication resources. We also present

Xiaotao Wu; Venkatesh Krishnaswamy

2010-01-01

364

Cross-Cultural Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-part presentation on cross-cultural communication consists of a discussion of cultural differences in interpersonal communication and an article from a Greek English-language publication concerning telephone use skills in a foreign country. Cultural differences in communication are divided into eight types and illustrated: (1) when to talk;…

Tannen, Deborah

365

Inter-Firm CoOperative Strategies In The Context Of Discontinuous Technological Change. The Case Of The Uk Optical Communications Systems Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

At times of discontinuous technological change co-operation represents a viable strategy for both incumbents and new-entrants, provided that the choice of co-operation is consistent with the firm's business strategy (market-pull vs. technology-push) and with its degree of organizational and technological flexibility. Evidence from the UK fibre-optics industry identifies two ideal-types of co-operation, namely structured co-operation - associated with market-pull strategies

Simona Spedale-Latimer

2002-01-01

366

Next-generation communication protocol concepts for future nanosatellite constellations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanosatellite constellations at low Earth orbits represent a cost-efficient way for the accomplishment of Earth and space observation tasks. With the growing complexity of the exploration tasks, the amount of science data is expected to increase. For data download purposes efficient communication strategies must be adopted. The available power of a single nanosatellite spacecraft is limited by the small area of solar arrays. The communications equipment consumes a substantial amount of power. A constellation of nanosatellites allows to share resources efficiently, assigning major tasks to different spacecrafts. Within the constellation, a dedicated spacecraft which acts as data relay, monitoring and controlling inter-satellite communications is advantageous. This allows all other satellites to reuse the energy saved by implementing low-energy consuming communications links between the satellites. With this approach, taking advantage of scheduled communication contacts, the overall system performance can be maximized. For the envisaged data relay scenario, the adoption of advanced communication protocol concepts is required. This paper presents innovative solutions for the fulfilment of the described communications tasks. After an investigation of the system requirements, strategies for the interconnection of the spacecrafts for the creation of a small constellation network are provided. Suitable transport protocol implementations are investigated and efficient store-and-forward concepts are proposed. A communication architecture for the usage of a data relay satellite within the constellation is presented, describing the role of the different nodes in the network.

Romano, Patrick; Unterberger, Manuela; Koudelka, Otto

2010-11-01

367

Bovine Tuberculosis in Badger (Meles meles) Populations in Southwest England: An Assessment of Past, Present and Possible Future Control Strategies Using Simulation Modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A spatial stochastic simulation model was used to compare the efficacy of different badger control policies and to determine the theoretical requirements for the control of endemic bovine tuberculosis in badger populations in southwest England. Culling-based strategies for controlling endemic disease were compared with strategies employing a yet-to-be-developed oral vaccine which would provide uninfected badgers with immunity to the infection.

Piran C. L. White; Stephen Harris

1995-01-01

368

Communication in Fungi  

PubMed Central

We will discuss fungal communication in the context of fundamental biological functions including mating, growth, morphogenesis, and the regulation of fungal virulence determinants. We will address intraspecies but also interkingdom signaling by systematically discussing the sender of the message, the molecular message, and receiver. Analyzing communication shows the close coevolution of fungi with organisms present in their environment giving insights into multispecies communication. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying microbial communication will promote our understanding of the “fungal communicome.”

Cottier, Fabien; Muhlschlegel, Fritz A.

2012-01-01

369

The repertoire of human efforts to avoid sexually transmissible diseases: past and present Part 1: Strategies used before or instead of sex  

PubMed Central

Background/objective: Despite the focus by public health programmes on condoms, chastity, or monogamy, people use a much wider variety of strategies to minimise their personal risk of sexually transmissible disease (STD). The objective of this study was to compile a comprehensive list of personal and societal STD avoidance strategies. Methods: Data from clinical and research observations, computer searches, and historical texts were pooled. Results: In addition to discriminating between potential sexual partners, a variety of behaviours before or instead of sex were identified that have been perceived to alter STD risk. Traditional STD avoidance strategies were often poorly documented and difficult to disentangle from other drives such as the maintenance of social order, paternity guarantee, and eugenics. They also varied in popularity in time and place. Some examples were displacement activities such as masturbation or exercise, circumcision, infibulation, shaving, vaccination, or requiring partners to be tested for infection. Social and moral forces typically discourage non-marital sex, and this affects most people most of the time but few people all of the time. Conclusion: The full spectrum of STD avoidance strategies warrants further study because some are ubiquitous across cultures and because they have the potential to complement or undermine safer sex programmes. Because of their greater acceptability, some less efficacious strategies may have greater public health importance than less popular but more efficacious strategies such as condoms. Key Words: sexually transmitted diseases; HIV infection; partner selection

Donovan, B.

2000-01-01

370

Strategic Blue-Green Optical Communications Program Plan. Investment Strategy Toward AN Optical Solution for Satellite-to-Submarine Information Transfer. Technical ADVISOR to the Strategic Blue-Green Optical Communications Program Joint Coordinating Committee.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A comprehensive data base in blue-green propagation and devices developed at NOSC and elsewhere was used to evaluate the feasibility of a space-based laser strategic satellite-to-submarine communication system designed to broadcast to operationally signif...

G. C. Mooradian K. J. Kelley L. B. Stotts R. D. Anderson

1979-01-01

371

The risk communication challenges of mass animal destruction.  

PubMed

Mass animal destruction strategies present a major risk communication challenge. While mass culling, stamping out, and depopulation may be scientifically and economically justified during emergency response to exotic disease incursions and eradication programmes, their use may be limited in the future due to public concerns over animal welfare, environmental contamination and unintended social consequences. To address this dilemma, official veterinary services must move from unidirectional communications strategies to active engagement of all potentially affected stakeholders. Case studies of recent disease outbreaks demonstrate the critical role that communications play in influencing public reaction to disease management strategies. An evaluation of these case studies provides support for the implementation of risk communication best practices: incorporating risk communications into the policy-development process, conducting pre-event planning, fostering partnerships with the public, collaborating with credible sources, meeting the needs of the media, listening to and addressing public concerns, communicating with compassion and empathy, demonstrating honesty and openness, acknowledging uncertainty and providing messages that give people meaningful things to do. Implementing the risk communication best practices requires veterinary services to move from a more technocratic approach to a participatory model where the potentially affected public play an active role in risk assessment and policy making. PMID:20411519

Hueston, William D

2007-01-01

372

Digital Technology: The Potential for Alternative Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates digital communication media in terms of two basic antagonisms of communications: vertical v horizontal and dominated v alternative communication. Analyzes four categories of digital communications in light of these antagonisms and suggests a strategy for alternatives dealing with issues of access, localism, and political and legal…

Hogrebe, Edmund F. M.

1981-01-01

373

Tracing Malicious Relays in Cooperative Wireless Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cooperative communication system explores a new dimension of diversity in wireless communications to combat the unfriendly wireless environment. While this emerging technology is promising in improving communication quality, some security problems inherent to cooperative relay also arise. This paper investigates the security issues in cooperative communications under the context of multiple relay nodes using decode-and-forward strategy, where one of

Yinian Mao; Min Wu

2007-01-01

374

A data transfer library for communicating data-parallel tasks  

SciTech Connect

Many computations can be structured as sets of communicating data-parallel tasks. Individual tasks may be coded in HPF, pcC+, etc.; periodically, tasks exchange distributed arrays via channel, virtual file, message-passing, etc., operations. The implementation of these operations is complicated by the fact that the processes engaging in the communication may execute on different numbers of processors and may have different distributions for communicated data structures. In addition, they may be connected by different sorts of networks. In this paper, we describe a Communicating Data-parallel Tasks (CDT) library that we are developing for constructing applications of this sort. We outline the techniques used to implement this library and describe a range of data transfer strategies and several algorithms based on these strategies. We also present performance results for several algorithms. The CDT library is being used as a compiler target for an HPF compiler augmented with FM extensions.

Avalani, B.; Choudhary, A.; Krishnaiyer, R. [CIS/CSE, Syracuse Univ., Syracuse, NY (United States); Foster, I.; Xu, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-06-01

375

"Date with an Angel": A Non-Verbal Communication Teaching Tip.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a strategy for teaching non-verbal communication skills to students in high school or college. The strategy uses the movie "Date with an Angel" to teach the non-verbal skills. According to the paper, the activity can be used at the beginning of a unit or course to get the students interested in important concepts/aspects of…

Long, Toni

376

Evaluation and promotion strategy research on information communication ability of public crisis under the background of public relations in the crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the progress of science and technology and the development of the economic globalization, social is in an open system environment, in which government's image and executive force will be affected by internal and external factors and so on, so the crisis of public relations possible happens at any time, and the information communication of public crisis is an important

Xi-bo Sun; Qi Wang

2011-01-01

377

Strategies for Foreign Language Teaching: Communication, Technology, Culture. Report of the Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (Chicago, Illinois, April 26-28, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 13 selected papers included in this conference report are: "Achieving Curriculum Fit for That 'Horrible' Second Year" (Lorraine A. Strasheim); "Project Partnership: French Culture and Language in the Elementary School" (Susan Turner); "A Middle School Exploratory Course" (Kay Thorp); "Creative and Communicative Achievement Testing" (Barbara…

Westphal, Patricia B., Ed.; And Others

378

Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Health literacy is a relatively new concept in health pro- motion. It is a composite term to describe a range of out- comes to health education and communication activities. From this perspective, health education is directed towards improving health literacy. This paper identifies the failings of past educational programs to address social and eco- nomic determinants of health, and

DON NUTBEAM

2006-01-01

379

Urban Ontologies for an improved communication in urban civil engineering projects Presentation of the COST Urban Civil Engineering Action C21 \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we presented the Towntology project whose objective is to design an ontology in the urban field. This project is divided into several stages. Concerning the prime main objective of the Towntology project, i.e. to build an ontology for urban planning by integrating all urban objects with their descriptions and relations, we began to deal with some fields,

Teller Jacques; Keita Abdel Kader; Roussey Catherine; Laurini Robert

380

Interspecies communication in bacteria  

PubMed Central

Until recently, bacteria were considered to live rather asocial, reclusive lives. New research shows that, in fact, bacteria have elaborate chemical signaling systems that enable them to communicate within and between species. One signal, termed AI-2, appears to be universal and facilitates interspecies communication. Many processes, including virulence factor production, biofilm formation, and motility, are controlled by AI-2. Strategies that interfere with communication in bacteria are being explored in the biotechnology industry with the aim of developing novel antimicrobials. AI-2 is a particularly attractive candidate for such studies because of its widespread use in the microbial kingdom.

Federle, Michael J.; Bassler, Bonnie L.

2003-01-01

381

Communicating About Communicable Disease  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this "tried and true" investigation, students use a commercially available product (Glo-germ) and a blacklight to demonstrate how germs are spread. Glitter can be substituted. Students then write a public service announcement, including statistics, about the preventing the spread of a communicable disease.

IBM's Teachers Try Science program

2011-11-23

382

The Past, Present, and Future of HIV Prevention: Integrating Behavioral, Biomedical, and Structural Intervention Strategies for the Next Generation of HIV Prevention  

PubMed Central

In the past 25 years, the field of HIV prevention research has been transformed repeatedly. Today, effective HIV prevention requires a combination of behavioral, biomedical, and structural intervention strategies. Risk of transmitting or acquiring HIV is reduced by consistent male and female-condom use, reductions in concurrent and/or sequential sexual and needle-sharing partners, male circumcision, and treatment with antiretroviral medications. At least 144 behavioral prevention programs have been found effective in reducing HIV transmission acts; however, scale up of these programs has not occurred outside of the United States. A series of recent failures of HIV-prevention efficacy trials for biomedical innovations such as HIV vaccines, treating herpes simplex 2 and other sexually transmitted infections, and diaphragm and microbicide barriers highlights the need for behavioral strategies to accompany biomedical strategies. This challenges prevention researchers to reconceptualize how cost-effective, useful, realistic, and sustainable prevention programs will be designed, delivered, tested, and diffused. The next generation of HIV prevention science must draw from the successes of existing evidence-based interventions and the expertise of the market sector to integrate preventive innovations and behaviors into everyday routines.

Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Swendeman, Dallas; Chovnick, Gary

2010-01-01

383

The confidence of speech-language pathology students regarding communicating with people with aphasia  

PubMed Central

Background Aphasia is an acquired language disorder that can present a significant barrier to patient involvement in healthcare decisions. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are viewed as experts in the field of communication. However, many SLP students do not receive practical training in techniques to communicate with people with aphasia (PWA) until they encounter PWA during clinical education placements. Methods This study investigated the confidence and knowledge of SLP students in communicating with PWA prior to clinical placements using a customised questionnaire. Confidence in communicating with people with aphasia was assessed using a 100-point visual analogue scale. Linear, and logistic, regressions were used to examine the association between confidence and age, as well as confidence and course type (graduate-entry masters or undergraduate), respectively. Knowledge of strategies to assist communication with PWA was examined by asking respondents to list specific strategies that could assist communication with PWA. Results SLP students were not confident with the prospect of communicating with PWA; reporting a median 29-points (inter-quartile range 17–47) on the visual analogue confidence scale. Only, four (8.2%) of respondents rated their confidence greater than 55 (out of 100). Regression analyses indicated no relationship existed between confidence and students‘ age (p?=?0.31, r-squared?=?0.02), or confidence and course type (p?=?0.22, pseudo r-squared?=?0.03). Students displayed limited knowledge about communication strategies. Thematic analysis of strategies revealed four overarching themes; Physical, Verbal Communication, Visual Information and Environmental Changes. While most students identified potential use of resources (such as images and written information), fewer students identified strategies to alter their verbal communication (such as reduced speech rate). Conclusions SLP students who had received aphasia related theoretical coursework, but not commenced clinical placements with PWA, were not confident in their ability to communicate with PWA. Students may benefit from an educational intervention or curriculum modification to incorporate practical training in effective strategies to communicate with PWA, before they encounter PWA in clinical settings. Ensuring students have confidence and knowledge of potential communication strategies to assist communication with PWA may allow them to focus their learning experiences in more specific clinical domains, such as clinical reasoning, rather than building foundation interpersonal communication skills.

2013-01-01

384

Motion synchronization in unmanned aircrafts formation control with communication delays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes a formation control strategy for unmanned aircrafts using a virtual structure. Cross coupled sliding mode controllers are introduced to cope with uncertainties in the attitude measurement systems of the unmanned aircrafts and unmeasurable bounded external disturbances such as wind effects, and also to provide motion synchronization in the multi-agent system. This motion synchronization strategy improves the agents convergence to their desired positions, and this is useful for a multi-agent system with faulty agents. Moreover, the proposed motion synchronization strategy is not restricted to specific communication topologies, and sufficient conditions are provided to guarantee the multi-agent system stability in the presence of communication delays. Numerical simulations are presented for a team of five unmanned aircrafts to make a pentagon formation and confirm the accepted performance of the proposed control strategy.

Rezaee, Hamed; Abdollahi, Farzaneh

2013-03-01

385

Advanced Communications Technology: Mobile Communications Requirements Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Coast Guard's mobile communications requirements will outstrip existing system capabilities, available capacity, and affordability by the late 1990s. This will require changes in the mix of mobile communications equipment and services used by operational units. New commercial mobile satellite services are available now, with many others arriving on the market between 1998 and 2003. These new services present unique opportunities to satisfy mission requirements, reduce investment in communications infrastructure, and realize more costeffective communications services. The Coast Guard Research and Development Center (R&DC) has undertaken an effort to identify and evaluate current and emerging satellite services that may be used to satisfy Coast Guard mobile communications requirements. As part of this effort, Anteon Corporation has been tasked by R&DC to collect the mobile communications functional requirements that have been identified by program managers. Anteon analysts have reviewed the Government Furnished Information (GFI) and researched other related documentation to identify and collect the requirements that may be used to describe the needed operating environment. Anteon analysts assessed the functional requirements to develop system requirements that describe the features that a communications system must provide to support the functional requirements. This report presents the current and projected Coast Guard mobile communications system requirements.

1998-05-01

386

Evaluation of Different Control Strategies for Teams of Unmanned Marine Vehicles (UMVs) Comparing the Requirements of Underwater Communication and Navigation in MATLAB® Simulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper gives a review of applications in that Multiple Unmanned Marine Vehicles (MUMVs) shall be employed and their relevance to industrial needs, before describing an autonomous supervisor instance that guarantees the team work of the team members. A realistic software simulator is introduced to compare and evaluate different strategies. 1. The European Research Project GREX: An Overview 1.1. Main

Thomas Glotzbach; Andrea Picini; Antonio Zangrilli; Mike Eichhorn; Peter Otto; Matthias Schneider

387

Interviewing patients using interpreters in an oncology setting: initial evaluation of a communication skills module | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

The authors developed a communication skills training module for health professionals who work with professional translators in interviewing patients. The module combines didactic presentation of information and group role-play exercises in which trained medical interpreters help trainees communicate with bilingual patients. The module stresses communication strategies, including optimal seating arrangements that strengthen the clinician-patient relationship and de-emphasize interpreter-patient and interpreter-clinician interactions.

388

Communication in the Mathematics Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 8-page monograph discusses the importance of developing student communication in mathematics, both oral and written, and the elements that make communication effective. It describes three approaches for organizing and facilitating students sharing their thinking about problem solving: Gallery Walk, Math Congress, and Bansho (Board Writing). The author provides tips for getting started with these strategies and a list of references.

2010-09-01

389

Communicating Geomorphology. JGHE Annual Lecture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication strategies emphasize concerns for "content" (what is said) and "process" (the way things are said). Scientists have a responsibility to communicate the findings of their research, enhancing prospects that their insights can meaningfully inform management practice. When used effectively, principles from geomorphology provide critical…

Brierley, Gary

2009-01-01

390

Communication Skills of Elderly Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication performance of young and elderly adults was studied in either homogeneous or heterogeneous (for age) dyads. Groups did not differ in accuracy or time required to complete tasks, in contrast to suggestions that the elderly communicate slowly and ineffectually. In the mixed dyads, partners commented more about the task and strategies

Siegel, Gerald M.; Gregora, April W.

1985-01-01

391

Wireless Communication for Controlling Microgrids: Co-simulation and Performance Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

A microgrid with wireless communication links for microgrid control has been designed and developed. The complete simulation model has been developed in MatLab SimuLink with seamless integration of the power subsystem and the communication subsystem. Unlike the conventional co-simulators that usually glue two existing simulators together by creating an interface, which has a steep learning curve, the proposed simulator is a compact single-unit model. Detailed modeling of the power subsystem and communication system is presented as well as the microgrid control architecture and strategies. The impact of different communication system performances on microgrid control has been studied and evaluated in the proposed simulator.

Mao, Rukun [ORNL; Xu, Yan [ORNL; Li, Huijuan [ORNL; Li, Husheng [ORNL

2013-01-01

392

Underground mine communications: a survey  

SciTech Connect

After a recent series of unfortunate underground mining disasters, the vital importance of communications for underground mining is underlined one more time. Establishing reliable communication is a very difficult task for underground mining due to the extreme environmental conditions. Until now, no single communication system exists which can solve all of the problems and difficulties encountered in underground mine communications. However, combining research with previous experiences might help existing systems improve, if not completely solve all of the problems. In this survey, underground mine communication is investigated. Major issues which underground mine communication systems must take into account are discussed. Communication types, methods, and their significance are presented.

Yarkan, S.; Guzelgoz, S.; Arslan, H.; Murphy, R.R. [University of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States)

2009-07-01

393

Wireless Communications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wireless communications is an industry that is growing at an incredible rate. Cellular phones are the most obvious example of this trend; it is hard to go anywhere without seeing someone using one. Rapidly advancing technologies and lower prices are making this all possible. At the current pace, there seems to be no limit to what is possible in the wireless industry.To learn about the events that led up to present day wireless communications, this site offers a very informative history of telecommunications (1) that goes all the way back to the time of carrier pigeons. A good introduction to wireless networking can be found in this mini-tutorial (2). The best parts of this tutorial are the discussions of many recent wireless developments and technologies. There are a few interactive games and activities that are supposed to be instructive and entertaining, but some of them can be annoying. For the more technically savvy user, the third site (3) starts by describing many of the principles that drive current wireless systems. The second part examines the technologies that will be used in future generations of services. To build on this material, the third generation mobile communications systems (3G) is the central topic at 3G Newsroom (4), providing breaking news about the development of 3G technology. Additionally, the site has an excellent introduction to 3G, including its applications and specifications. One of the advancements that is paving the way toward 3G is Bluetooth, which is explained in great detail here (5). This technology is capable of very high data transfer rates, but there are some limitations, which are all discussed in the articles on the site. Although Bluetooth is raising plenty of interest, this recent news story (6) is creating more than its share of debate. It outlines a very controversial move by the FCC to allow the use of ultrawideband technology in commercial wireless applications. The author explains in simple terms why there are so many concerns about something that could revolutionize wireless systems. The evolution of the global system for mobile communications (GSM) is traced at GSM World (7). Here users can learn about the roots of the wireless industry as well as what is in store for the future. A special section addresses health concerns associated with mobile phone use. Radio was one of the earliest form of wireless communication, and the Invention of Radio (8) documents the people and events that made it what it is today. The stories of such famous scientists and inventors as Marconi, DeForest, and Armstrong are told in brief accounts, and there is even a link to the well known War of the Worlds radio broadcast.

Leske, Cavin.

2002-01-01

394

Cardiorenal syndrome type 5: clinical presentation, pathophysiology and management strategies from the eleventh consensus conference of the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI).  

PubMed

Cardiorenal syndrome type 5 (CRS-5) includes conditions where there is a simultaneous involvement of the heart and kidney from a systemic disorder. Given the wide spectrum of diseases that contribute to CRS-5, several pathophysiological mechanisms are invoked representing the response of the heart and kidney to the contributing disorder that is ongoing. The nature, duration and the underlying condition of the heart and kidney strongly influence the clinical course of CRS-5. In this paper we discuss the pathophysiology of CRS-5 in the setting of sepsis as a model system for CRS-5 providing a brief overview of strategies for monitoring and therapeutic intervention. We offer a framework for reference for considering other disorders leading to CRS-5 where the development of cardiac and renal dysfunction is more insidious. PMID:23689662

Mehta, Ravindra L; Rabb, Hamid; Shaw, Andrew D; Singbartl, Kai; Ronco, Claudio; McCullough, Peter A; Kellum, John A

2013-01-01

395

Communications Pretesting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The majority of social development programs around the world stand to benefit from communicating their activities through the mass media. Most program administrators will invest in communication that will effectively reach a target population but will avo...

1978-01-01

396

Lightwave Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes simple and inexpensive labs for introducing students to fiber optic communications. Students investigate light as a carrier wave; look into the difficulties associated with "light" communication; and learn about modulation, optical fibers, and critical angles. (PR)

Rheam, Harry

1993-01-01

397

Communicating Science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

For science to have an impact, it must be communicated and easily accessible. The USGS National Wetlands Research Center communicates its research findings through several ways: publishing, the Web, the library, and education and outreach.

Farris, Gaye S.

2005-01-01

398

Communication Speaks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author recently turned her attention to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) "Principles and Standards," she was startled to see communication as key. She adjusted her teaching to meet the NCTM Communication Standard and promote communication in her classroom by providing a safe environment, developing discourse and…

Kinman, Robin Lynn

2010-01-01

399

Communications and Development: Two Views.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two views on current international communication are presented--that of an American academician, and that of an Indian journalist. John Lent traces the rise of development journalism and development communication from the point of view of those who believ...

1977-01-01

400

Technical requirements for communications satellite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents 15 factors that should be considered as technical requirements for communications satellite. Relations between these factors are described with examples from a domestic business communications satellite.

Min, Shiquan

1990-02-01

401

Emergency Medical Services Communications Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A booklet on emergency medical services (EMS) communications systems is presented as an aid for communities interested in developing a communications network to serve their emergency medical care needs. The material is intended for use by persons with som...

1972-01-01

402

Teaching Strategy Using the Strategy Wheel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the Strategy Wheel as an integrating framework for teaching strategic marketing. The Strategy Wheel combines concepts, perspectives and theories from marketing, innovation and strategic management into a single 8-step heuristic for teaching (and practising) strategy development. Based on the action-learning model from organizational behaviour, this approach emphasises 'learning by doing'. The Strategy Wheel was originally designed for

Chris Styles; Jules Goddard

2002-01-01

403

Crisis Communications. Seminar Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicating effectively is seldom easy; it requires planning, effort, understanding, and follow-through. Communicating effectively in the tense atmosphere which often surrounds a crisis requires redoubled effort, greater understanding, and increased attention to proper planning. The presentations in this booklet deal with the needs of the media…

New York State School Boards Association, Albany.

404

Personal communication systems (PCS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal communication systems (PCS) represent a rapidly growing and increasingly important segment of the telecommunication industry. The goal of PCS is to provide truly personal, cost-efficient communication services to users through portable handsets. In this paper, we present a survey on the research and development in PCS, emphasizing several important aspects such as the PCS concept, service requirements, system architecture,

V. O. K. Li; Xiaoxin Qiu

1995-01-01

405

Characterizing Individual Communication Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing availability of electronic communication data, such as that arising from e-mail exchange, presents social and information scientists with new possibilities for charac- terizing individual behavior and, by extension, identifying latent structure in human populations. Here, we propose a model of individual e-mail communication that is suffi- ciently rich to capture meaningful variability across individ- uals, while remaining simple

R. Dean Malmgren; Jake M. Hofman; Luis A. N. Amaral; Duncan J. Watts

2009-01-01

406

Coordination strategies for networked control systems: A power system application  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a distributed supervisory strategy for load\\/frequency control problems in networked multi-area power systems. Coordination between the control center and the areas is accomplished via data networks subject to communication latency which is modelled by time-varying time-delay. The aim here is at finding strategies able of reconfiguring, whenever necessary in response to unexpected load changes and\\/or

Alessandro Casavola; Giuseppe Franzè

2008-01-01

407

Perioperative communication.  

PubMed

This article has raised the issue of effective communication within the perioperative setting. There are many methods for sending information from one person to another. Most important in effective communication is the clarity of the message and how practitioners check that the recipient understands the intended point. If key aspects in the communication process are not fully understood or utilised, then we subject our patient and our colleagues to potential risk. If poor communication causes untoward and unacceptable consequences then the perioperative practitioner will be accountable for their actions in law and to their regulatory body. The responsibility of effective communication lies with the individual practitioner first and foremost. To prevent poor communication taking place, they should ensure that they have the correct skills to communicate effectively, be that by listening, reflecting on experiences or writing. PMID:19753889

Smith, Brian; Jones, Chris

2009-08-01

408

Free Space Laser Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation concerns the use of Laser communication for deep space applications. The presentation reviews the problems with electromagnetic beams and then the advantages and disadvantages of the use of optical communication. The presentation then reviews some of the spacecraft technology with pictures of some of the devices. The ground reception systems and the simplified link calculation are also reviewed. Recent and planned demonstration projects are also reviewed.

Lesh, James

2000-01-01

409

Rethinking Quality Assurance: Examining Established Practices, Exploring New Strategies. Selected Presentations at the Annual Accreditation and Quality Assurance Conference. Proceedings (Philadelphia, PA, December 4-5, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains selected presentations from an annual accreditation and quality assurance conference. The papers are: (1) "Turning around Troubled Institutions" (Matthew Goldstein); (2) "Triadic Hierarchical Planning" (William J. Austin); (3) "Edinboro University's Triangulated Institutional Effectiveness Model" (Michael A. Mogavero and…

Middle States Commission on Higher Education, Philadelphia, PA.

410

Strategies for Advanced Learning: How Ancient Wisdom Enhances Modern Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines strategies to enhance learning, based on innovations in technology. It represents an evolution of thought from the ancient masters, great thinking, and the Great Learning all the way to the present. A syllabus for the future is constructed, using a model of communication, the Rhetorical Systems Model. The model is based on a…

Schornack, Gary R.; Beck, Charles E.

411

A "community as resource" strategy for disaster response.  

PubMed

Natural and technological disasters present significant threats to the public's health. The emergency response capabilities of government and private relief organizations are limited. With a strategy in which residents of urban areas are trained in search and rescue, first aid, fire suppression, care and shelter, emergency communications, and disaster mental health, the community becomes a "resource" rather than a "victim." PMID:10968766

Lichterman, J D

2000-01-01

412

A "community as resource" strategy for disaster response.  

PubMed Central

Natural and technological disasters present significant threats to the public's health. The emergency response capabilities of government and private relief organizations are limited. With a strategy in which residents of urban areas are trained in search and rescue, first aid, fire suppression, care and shelter, emergency communications, and disaster mental health, the community becomes a "resource" rather than a "victim." Images p263-a

Lichterman, J D

2000-01-01

413

Key Elements of a Successful Drive toward Marketing Strategy Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual model is presented that depicts the relationship between an internal marketing function and an organization's readiness to learn. Learning and marketing orientations are identified as components to marketing strategy making. Key organizational functions, including communication and decision-making, are utilized in a framework for…

Cann, Cynthia W.; George, Marie A.

2003-01-01

414

Strategies for Instructors Using Electronic Instruction Delivery Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents strategies needed by instructors changing to electronic instruction delivery systems in higher education. Topics include developing pedagogical goals, including interactive learning; organization and hierarchy of course content; communications skills; making students feel welcome; fostering student-to-student collaboration; providing…

Hutchinson, Michelle

2000-01-01

415

Inter-Cultural Communication: A Foundation of Communicative Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a model of inter-cultural communication that enumerates and structures latent factors affecting such communication and elaborates on the process of self-reflection as a guiding mechanism of successful communication. Design/methodology/approach: The five factors and various moderators that are…

Vuckovic, Aleksandra

2008-01-01

416

Crisis in Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the deep alienation between inner city black communities and whites and its relation to the present communication gap. Recommendations to improve and reestablish vital contacts between the two groups are outlined. (DM)

Williams, James D.

1970-01-01

417

Recipient Design in Tacit Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to design tailored messages for specific listeners is an important aspect of human communication. The present study investigates whether a mere belief about an addressee's identity influences the generation and production of a communicative message in a novel, non-verbal communication task. Participants were made to believe they were…

Newman-Norlund, Sarah E.; Noordzij, Matthijs L.; Newman-Norlund, Roger D.; Volman, Inge A. C.; de Ruiter, Jan Peter; Hagoort, Peter; Toni, Ivan

2009-01-01

418

Communication tools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After completing this project you should be able to answer the question: How can Internet resources be used to improve communication in the classroom? There are different tools that can be used to enhance communication. As you examine each website record your findings in the Supporting communcation recording chart. Which tool did you like the best? Why? Go to the BB discussion tab and answer this question. Respond as others answer. How could it be used to foster communication? Now check ...

Nunes-Bufford, Mrs.

2010-10-27

419

Sources of variability in human communicative skills.  

PubMed

When established communication systems cannot be used, people rapidly create novel systems to modify the mental state of another agent according to their intentions. However, there are dramatic inter-individual differences in the implementation of this human competence for communicative innovation. Here we characterize psychological sources of inter-individual variability in the ability to build a shared communication system from scratch. We consider two potential sources of variability in communicative skills. Cognitive traits of two individuals could independently influence their joint ability to establish a communication system. Another possibility is that the overlap between those individual traits influences the communicative performance of a dyad. We assess these possibilities by quantifying the relationship between cognitive traits and behavior of communicating dyads. Cognitive traits were assessed with psychometric scores quantifying cooperative attitudes and fluid intelligence. Competence for implementing successful communicative innovations was assessed by using a non-verbal communicative task. Individual capacities influence communicative success when communicative innovations are generated. Dyadic similarities and individual traits modulate the type of communicative strategy chosen. The ability to establish novel communicative actions was influenced by a combination of the communicator's ability to understand intentions and the addressee's ability to recognize patterns. Communicative pairs with comparable systemizing abilities or behavioral inhibition were more likely to explore the search space of possible communicative strategies by systematically adding new communicative behaviors to those already available. No individual psychometric measure seemed predominantly responsible for communicative success. These findings support the notion that the human ability for fast communicative innovations represents a special type of complex collaborative activity. PMID:23189048

Volman, Inge; Noordzij, Matthijs L; Toni, Ivan

2012-01-01

420

Back-off and retransmission strategies for throughput enhancement of broadcast transmissions in 802.11p  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes new MAC layer based back-off and retransmission strategies for throughput enhancement, in broadcast transmissions of inter vehicular communication. We present adaptive back off strategy which is based on the concept that there exists an optimum contention window (CW) period in a broadcast CSMA\\/CA system, given the fixed number of users. We also propose a simple probabilistic approach

Jayakrishna Alapati; Bhoomek Pandya; S. N. Merchant; U. B. Desai

2010-01-01

421

Communications interface for wireless communications headset  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A universal interface adapter circuit interfaces, for example, a wireless communications headset with any type of communications system, including those that require push-to-talk (PTT) signaling. The interface adapter is comprised of several main components, including an RF signaling receiver, a microcontroller and associated circuitry for decoding and processing the received signals, and programmable impedance matching and line interfacing circuitry for interfacing a wireless communications headset system base to a communications system. A signaling transmitter, which is preferably portable (e.g., handheld), is employed by the wireless headset user to send signals to the signaling receiver. In an embodiment of the invention directed specifically to push-to-talk (PTT) signaling, the wireless headset user presses a button on the signaling transmitter when they wish to speak. This sends a signal to the microcontroller which decodes the signal and recognizes the signal as being a PTT request. In response, the microcontroller generates a control signal that closes a switch to complete a voice connection between the headset system base and the communications system so that the user can communicate with the communications system. With this arrangement, the wireless headset can be interfaced to any communications system that requires PTT signaling, without modification of the headset device. In addition, the interface adapter can also be configured to respond to or deliver any other types of signals, such as dual-tone-multiple-frequency (DTMF) tones, and on/off hook signals. The present invention is also scalable, and permits multiple wireless users to operate independently in the same environment through use of a plurality of the interface adapters.

Seibert, Marc A. (Inventor); Culotta, Jr., Anthony Joseph (Inventor)

2004-01-01

422

A communication-theory based view on telemedical communication.  

PubMed

Communication theory based analysis sheds new light on the use of health telematics. This analysis of structures in electronic medical communication shows communicative structures with special features. Current and evolving telemedical applications are analyzed. The methodology of communicational theory (focusing on linguistic pragmatics) is used to compare it with its conventional counterpart. The semiotic model, the roles of partners, the respective message and their relation are discussed. Channels, sender, addressee, and other structural roles are analyzed for different types of electronic medical communication. The communicative processes are shown as mutual, rational action towards a common goal. The types of communication/texts are analyzed in general. Furthermore the basic communicative structures of medical education via internet are presented with their special features. The analysis shows that electronic medical communication has special features compared to everyday communication: A third participant role often is involved: the patient. Messages often are addressed to an unspecified partner or to an unspecified partner within a group. Addressing in this case is (at least partially) role-based. Communication and message often directly (rather than indirectly) influence actions of the participants. Communication often is heavily regulated including legal implications like liability, and more. The conclusion from the analysis is that the development of telemedical applications so far did not sufficiently take communicative structures into consideration. Based on these results recommendations for future developments of telemedical applications/services are given. PMID:15537236

Schall, Thomas; Roeckelein, Wolfgang; Mohr, Markus; Kampshoff, Joerg; Lange, Tim; Nerlich, Michael

2003-01-01

423

Space flight operations communications phraseology and techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communications are a critical link in space flight operations. Specific communications phraseology and techniques have been developed to allow rapid and clear transfer of information. Communications will be clear and brief through the use of procedural words and phrases. Communications protocols standardize the required information transferred. The voicing of letters and numbers is discussed. The protocols used in air-to-ground communications are given. A glossary of communications terminology is presented in the appendix.

Noneman, S. R.

1986-01-01

424

Guerrilla communication, visual consumption, and consumer public relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guerrilla communication has grown into an increasingly prominent strategy adopted by large corporations such as American Express, BP Amoco, Chrysler, Hershey Foods, and Pepsi. In its attention-grabbing instantiations, guerrilla communication points to the convergence of advertising, marketing, and public relations in consumer communication practices. This essay also considers guerrilla communication's place in the circuit of culture.

Melanie Joy McNaughton

2008-01-01

425

Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Track  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a teaching strategy, playing mathematical games can foster communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. Fraction Track is an interactive two-person version of a game that engages players in thinking about equivalent fractions. Although presented here as an online game, it can easily be adapted to a paper version for the classroom. Links from this page go to the role of the teacher and to the role of student communication in using games as an instructional tool.

Nctm

2000-01-01

426

Speech Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The communications approach to teaching speech to high school students views speech as the study of the communication process in order to develop an awareness of and a sensitivity to the variables that affect human interaction. In using this approach the student is encouraged to try out as many types of messages using as many techniques and…

Anderson, Betty

427

Communicator, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CAG "Communicator" focus is on serving gifted students in California. This document consists of the four issues of "communicator" issued during 1997. Featured articles include: (1) "The Gifted Student At Risk. It Can't Be True" (Judy Roseberry); (2) "Tech Net-Technology and At-Risk Students" (Judy Lieb); (3) "Reviving Ophelia: Saving the…

Bortolussi, Vicki, Ed.

1997-01-01

428

Communicator, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CAG "Communicator" focuses on serving gifted students in California. This document consists of the four issues of "Communicator" issued during 1998. Featured articles include: (1) "Underachievement for Some--Dropping Out with Dignity for Others" (Sally Reis); (2) "When Gifted High School Students Fail" (Patty Bort); (3) "Choosing a College"…

Bortolussi, Vicki, Ed.

1998-01-01

429

Intercultural Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human communication involves the interaction of selves, and an intercultural encounter permits the discovery of one's own cultural self. Participatory learning of intercultural communication provides students with an opportunity for involvement through analysis of their and others' perceptions, improvement of language fidelity, emphasis on…

Newmark, Eileen; Asante, Molefi K.

430

Professional presentations made simple.  

PubMed

One way clinical nurse specialists (CNS) influence nursing practice and share professional expertise is by making presentations. This article presents strategies that clinical nurse specialists can use to enhance the effectiveness of oral presentations. Included are tips for analyzing the audience, developing content and materials, selecting presentation methods, and delivering an effective presentation. PMID:15061443

Starver, Kelly D; Shellenbarger, Teresa

2004-01-01

431

Communication: Are Australians Different?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the question of the distinctive nature of communication in Australia. Discusses nonverbal messages, gender concerns, historical influences on communication, the Australian accent, communication with indigenous persons, communication apprehension, and classroom communication. Argues that Australians' communication is relatively similar to…

Hansford, B. C.

1992-01-01

432

Time for patient payment strategies.  

PubMed

A patient payment strategy should have four objectives: Establish equitable and consistent policies and communicate them clearly to patients. Facilitate appropriate payment, regardless of the payer. Increase patients' awareness of their payment options and responsibilities. Enhance patient relations. PMID:16245618

Guyton, Elizabeth M; Madison, Richard D; DeMarco, Tina

2005-10-01

433

Scalable Communication Trace Compression  

SciTech Connect

Characterizing the communication behavior of parallel programs through tracing can help understand an application’s characteristics, model its performance, and predict behavior on future systems. However, lossless communication traces can get prohibitively large, causing programmers to resort to variety of other techniques. In this paper, we present a novel approach to lossless communication trace compression. We augment the sequitur compression algorithm to employ it in communication trace compression of parallel programs. We present optimizations to reduce the memory overhead, reduce size of the trace files generated, and enable compression across multiple processes in a parallel program. The evaluation shows improved compression and reduced overhead over other approaches, with up to 3 orders of magnitude improvement for the NAS MG benchmark. We also observe that, unlike existing schemes, the trace files sizes and the memory overhead incurred are less sensitive to, if not independent of, the problem size for the NAS benchmarks.

Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Agarwal, Khushbu

2010-05-17

434

Strategies for Oral Interaction and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication strategies are defined and a brief inventory of strategies for learning and oral interaction in a foreign language instruction setting is provided. Learning strategies are viewed as methods for exploiting available information to increase the efficiency of second language learning. The integration of learning strategies into the…

Shaw, A. M.

1983-01-01

435

Goal-Oriented Communication: A CBO Technique with High Management Payback.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses communication by objectives, a strategy that extends management by objectives techniques into the area of communication to strengthen ties between decision making and decision communicating. Discusses its classroom application. (FL)

Myrsiades, Linda S.

1984-01-01

436

Wireless Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technology utilization project led to the commercial adaptation of a Space Shuttle Orbiter wireless infrared voice communications system. The technology was adapted to a LAN system by Wilton Industries, one of the participants. Because the system is cable-free, installation charges are saved, and it can be used where cable is impractical. Resultant products include the IRplex 6000. Transceivers can be located anywhere and can include mobile receivers. The system provides wireless LAN coverage up to 44,000 square feet. applications include stock exchange communications, trade shows, emergency communications, etc.

1991-01-01

437

Multiply controlled verbal operants: An analysis and extension to the picture exchange communication system  

PubMed Central

This paper presents Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior as a framework for understanding language acquisition in children with autism. We describe Skinner's analysis of pure and impure verbal operants and illustrate how this analysis may be applied to the design of communication training programs. The picture exchange communication system (PECS) is a training program influenced by Skinner's framework. We describe the training sequence associated with PECS and illustrate how this sequence may establish multiply controlled verbal behavior in children with autism. We conclude with an examination of how Skinner's framework may apply to other communication modalities and training strategies.

Bondy, Andy; Tincani, Matt; Frost, Lori

2004-01-01

438

NASA'S communications programs - 1985  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's communications program was restructured in 1979 to develop selective high risk technology forced on relief of the orbit and frequency congestion and on developing new and affordable service. The central theme of the current technology thrust is one of developing interconnectivity technology and architecture to convert the present era of bent pipe satellite utilization to one using nodal points in space for both space and earth based information gateways and interfaces to terrestrial communication systems.

Lovell, R. R.; Cuccia, C. L.

439

Argumentation et Communication (Argumentation and Communication).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four position papers are presented that were given during a study-week dealing with questions related to language as communication, the notion of argumentation in second language teaching methodology, and ways of introducing argumentation phenomena into the language class. The papers, representing four different positions, are the following: (1)…

Portine, Henri, Ed.

440

Acoustic Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Concise lecture on sound production in insects. Stridulation, forced air through spiracles, wing vibration, and tapping are all discussed with examples. Advantages and disadvantages of sound production are also discussed. The page also links to chemical, and visual communication pages.

0002-11-30

441

Wireless Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This quicktime animation examines the basics in wireless communication. Wireless communication has become pervasive in everyday life, providing convenience, piece of mind as well as emergency preparedness for its users through instant accessibility. The cell phone antenna is the link to the outside world. Designed to transmit as well as receive the RF signals, it efficiently couples the electromagnetic waves to the transmitter and receiver.

Van Zeghbroeck, Bart J.

2012-08-08

442

The Key Technologies of Deep Space Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep space exploration and utilization are all along the dreams of human beings. Besides the technologies of launching and controlling the explorer, deep space communications plays an important role in deep space exploration. Compared with common terra and satellite communications, deep-space communications presents a more challenging environment for data communications, such as long distance, very low signal noise ratio, high

Xiao Song; Bai Baoming

443

Use of communications. [satellite communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Progress in the field of satellite communications is reviewed, and useful services which may be provided by future satellite communications systems are considered. Recommendations are made with regard to mobile communications for use on land and at sea, position determination, mineral and energy exploration, the possibility of using electronic means to assist in main delivery, education and health-care experiments, and the use of satellite telecommunications to enhance the quality of life in rural areas by making available a full range of educational and entertainment programs. The needs of the amateur radio community are also considered.

1975-01-01

444

Preparing Graduate Students as Science Communicators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our presentation introduces our interdisciplinary curriculum that teaches graduate students at our R-1 university to translate their research to general audiences. We also discuss the challenges we have faced and strategies we have employed to broaden graduate education at our campus to include preparation in science communication. Our "Translating Research beyond Academia" curriculum consists of three separate thematically based courses taught over the academic year: Education and Community Outreach, Science Communication and Writing, Communicating with Policy- and Decision-makers. Course goals are to provide professional development training so that graduate students become more capable professionals prepared for careers inside and outside academia while increasing the public understanding of science and technology. Open to graduate students of any discipline, each course meets weekly for two hours; students receive academic credit through a co-sponsoring graduate program. Students learn effective strategies for communicating research and academic knowledge with the media, the general public, youth, stakeholders, and decision- and policy-makers. Courses combine presentations from university and regional experts with hands-on work sessions aimed towards creating effective communications, outreach and policy plans, broader impacts statements, press releases, blogs, and policy briefs. A final presentation and reflections are required. Students may opt for further training through seminars tailored to student need. Initial results of our analyses of student evaluations and work indicate that students appreciate the interdisciplinary, problem-based approach and the low-risk opportunities for learning professional development skills and for exploring non-academic employment. Several students have initiated engaged work in their disciplines, and several have secured employment in campus science communication positions. Two have changed career plans as a direct result of our courses, opting for master's degrees to pursue science communications-related positions. One received a prestigious fellowship in science communication and media. Yet, while we are successful with students, our programs are not without challenges. Our Translating Research interdisciplinary curriculum that encourages students' exploration of non-academic career options can create problems with faculty advisors in the current environment of graduate education; Carnegie scholars and other researchers argue that the traditional master-apprentice system requires a thorough overhaul to address high attrition rates and low rates of academic employment. Secondly, we situated our communications training within our environmental research institute and outside of any graduate program's degree requirements. While this gives access to motivated graduate students and creates enriching interactions within the course context, it presents problems with campus recognition and institutionalization. We are identifying new pathways and exploring the creation of a certificate program through our University Extension. Graduate student perception can also be an issue. Our courses tend to attract a particular kind of graduate student: female, early in her academic career, in the sciences, and interested in a career outside of academia. Attracting more male graduate students to science communication remains a challenge.

Knudson, K.; Gutstein, J.

2012-12-01

445

An Experiment in Teaching Communicative Competence within a Restricted Discourse (The C.A.P.E.S. "Presentation de la Nouvelle"). L'Enseignement de la competence de communication en langues secondes. (The Teaching of Communicative Competence in Second Languages. Acts of the Colloquium of the Swiss Interuniversity Commission for Applied Linguistics.) CILA Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The examination for the C.A.P.E.S. (Certificat d'Aptitude Professionnelle a l'Enseignement Secondaire) includes a ten-minute "precise and concise" oral talk on a short story. The presentation is to be prepared in a short time and delivered in a polished manner. Because of the high failure rate, an experimental course is being designed at the…

Riley, Philip

446

AMPA experimental communications systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program was conducted to demonstrate the satellite communication advantages of Adaptive Phased Array Technology. A laboratory based experiment was designed and implemented to demonstrate a low earth orbit satellite communications system. Using a 32 element, L-band phased array augmented with 4 sets of weights (2 for reception and 2 for transmission) a high speed digital processing system and operating against multiple user terminals and interferers, the AMPA system demonstrated: communications with austere user terminals, frequency reuse, communications in the face of interference, and geolocation. The program and experiment objectives are described, the system hardware and software/firmware are defined, and the test performed and the resultant test data are presented.

Beckerman, D.; Fass, S.; Keon, T.; Sielman, P.

1982-01-01

447

Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (Atlanta, Georgia, February 25-March 1, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues in educational communications and technology are addressed in this collection of 51 papers, which are mainly research reports. The first five papers were prepared for a symposium on the status of research in instructional technology, an introduction and four discussions of divergent points of view in the current controversy over the…

Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; Zvacek, Susan M., Ed.

448

Intranet Implementation as an HR Communication Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applications of World Wide Web-style institutional intranets and browsers to provide and manage information in college personnel administration are examined. The intranet can facilitate use of more complex data structures, protect data security, allow tracking of information and forms, eliminate hard-copy manuals, maintain up-to-date schedules,…

Murphy, Daniel J.; Andrews, Dianna M.

1996-01-01

449

Strategic Communication in the New Media Sphere.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Government continues to seek a comprehensive, effective communication strategy through which it may project and promote American interests, policies, and objectives abroad. Many believe that the government and military have been outcommunicated s...

T. Cunningham

2010-01-01

450

Over the Horizon: Potential Impact of Emerging Trends in Information and Communication Technology on Disability Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy paper explores key trends in information and communication technology, highlights the potential opportunities and problems these trends present for people with disabilities, and suggests some strategies to maximize opportunities and avoid potential problems and barriers. Specifically, this paper discusses technology trends that present

Vanderheiden, Gregg

2006-01-01

451

HIV and Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to plague many countries across the globe, including the United States, Africa, China and India. Children and adults have been infected with HIV, and both populations can present with communication disorders that coexist with the presence of the virus. The purpose of this paper is to present an…

McNeilly, L.G.

2005-01-01

452

Remote Adaptive Communication System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents a new approach to the development of communication tools for handicapped people. The aim is to provide with a set of capabilities which allows them to interact with their environment. The new methodology that we are presenting is inspi...

F. Fernandez L. Roa

2001-01-01

453

Planning Strategic Communications and Outreach for the Solar Program  

SciTech Connect

Advances made through the Solar Program in photovoltaic and solar thermal technologies must be well communicated to appropriate audiences if further technical and market growth will occur. As the Program's communications team, we developed a plan to: (1) integrate communications across the various solar technologies and reduce redundancy; (2) target audiences and messages strategically; (3) respond better to changes in markets, technology perceptions, audiences, and funding; (4) develop communication projects within the context of other relevant plans (e.g., Solar Program Multi-Year Technical Plan); (5) leverage limited resources; and (6) cultivate a multiyear mentality. Our approach included profiling eight key audiences, including their perceptions of solar technologies; formulating audience-specific messages and communication objectives and strategies; and proposing communications tactics to reinforce the objectives. Presently, we are conducting a needs assessment of print products, as well as a gap analysis. We will then prioritize projects, complete high-priority projects, measure effectiveness of selected projects and the plan, and seek strategic connections with other activities and programs.

Pedigo, S.; Nahan, R.; Moon, S.; Gwinner, D.; Brooks, C.; Butler Burt, W.

2005-01-01

454

Mobile and wireless communications networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this tutorial is to highlight several aspects of mobile and wireless communications networks. A first part presents a brief overview of the market and technology evolution. The second part is devoted to the radio propagation channel characteristics. In the third section, we present an overview of the transmission techniques related to the definition of new mobile communications

Ghais El Zein

2004-01-01

455

Idotai tsushin system no denryoku tsushinmo eno tekiyo. 1. Idotai tsushin system no genjo to PHS ni yoru juyo kakei network no teian. (Studies of an application of a mobile communication system to the private telecommunication network. Part 1. Present condition of mobile communication system and proposal of the customer information network by PHS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An application of various mobile communication systems to the electric power telecommunication network has been investigated. Among these, the customer information network by PHS (personal handy-phone system) has been proposed. Although great numbers of b...

H. Iwasaki

1996-01-01

456

Successful and Practical Intercultural Communication Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Techniques for teaching students to use a variety of language and communication skills to improve participation and success in cross-cultural situations are outlined. The approach evolved in the context of the Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey, California, in which foreign military officers must learn strategies for effective communication in…

Dresser, Cynthia H.

457

Classroom Communication Apprehension and Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rise of distance education classrooms in colleges and universities call for attention to the difference in communicative strategies need from a regular classroom. This study examined the concept of classroom communication apprehension (CCA) and the distance classroom. Ninety-two students from three different classes participated in this study.…

Marshall, Rodney

458

Critical Connections: Communication for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes the implications of new communication technologies for business, politics, culture, and individuals, and suggests possible strategies and options for Congressional consideration. The report consists of 13 chapters: (1) Summary; (2) Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Communication Issues; (3) New Technologies and Changing…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

459

Critical Connections. Communication for the Future. Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary of the larger report analyzes the implications of new communication technologies for business, politics, culture, and individuals, and suggests possible strategies and options for Congressional consideration. The first of four major sections describes the changing U.S. communications infrastructure. The second section summarizes some…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

460

'Communicate to vaccinate' (COMMVAC). building evidence for improving communication about childhood vaccinations in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a programme of research  

PubMed Central

Background Effective provider-parent communication can improve childhood vaccination uptake and strengthen immunisation services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Building capacity to improve communication strategies has been neglected. Rigorous research exists but is not readily found or applicable to LMICs, making it difficult for policy makers to use it to inform vaccination policies and practice. The aim of this project is to build research knowledge and capacity to use evidence-based strategies for improving communication about childhood vaccinations with parents and communities in LMICs. Methods and design This project is a mixed methods study with six sub-studies. In sub-study one, we will develop a systematic map of provider-parent communication interventions for childhood vaccinations by screening and extracting data from relevant literature. This map will inform sub-study two, in which we will develop a taxonomy of interventions to improve provider-parent communication around childhood vaccination. In sub-study three, the taxonomy will be populated with trial citations to create an evidence map, which will also identify how evidence is linked to communication barriers regarding vaccination. In the project's fourth sub-study, we will present the interventions map, taxonomy, and evidence map to international stakeholders to identify high-priority topics for systematic reviews of interventions to improve parent-provider communication for childhood vaccination. We will produce systematic reviews of the effects of high-priority interventions in the fifth sub-study. In the sixth and final sub-study of the project, evidence from the systematic reviews will be translated into accessible formats and messages for dissemination to LMICs. Discussion This project combines evidence mapping, conceptual and taxonomy development, priority setting, systematic reviews, and knowledge transfer. It will build and share concepts, terms, evidence, and resources to aid the development of communication strategies for effective vaccination programmes in LMICs.

2011-01-01

461

Strategic Roles for Health Communication in Combination HIV Prevention and Care Programs.  

PubMed

: This special issue of JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes is devoted to health communication and its role in and impact on HIV prevention and care. The authors in this special issue have tackled a wide swath of topics, seeking to introduce a wider biomedical audience to core health communication principles, strategies, and evidence of effectiveness. Better awareness of health communication strategies and concepts can enable the broader biomedical community to partner with health communication experts in reducing the risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and tuberculosis and maximize linkage and adherence to care. Interventions can be strengthened when biomedical and health communication approaches are combined in strategic and evidence-based ways. Several of the articles in this special issue present the current evidence for health communication's impact. These articles show how far we have come and yet how much further we have to go to document impact convincingly. Examples of the biomedical approaches to HIV control include treatment as prevention, voluntary medical male circumcision, preexposure prophylaxis, sterile needle exchange, opiate substitution therapy, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission. None will succeed without behavior change, which can be facilitated by effective health communication. PMID:25007192

Vermund, Sten H; Van Lith, Lynn M; Holtgrave, David

2014-08-15

462

Strategic Roles for Health Communication in Combination HIV Prevention and Care Programs.  

PubMed

: This special issue of JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes is devoted to health communication and its role in and impact on HIV prevention and care. The authors in this special issue have tackled a wide swath of topics, seeking to introduce a wider biomedical audience to core health communication principles, strategies, and evidence of effectiveness. Better awareness of health communication strategies and concepts can enable the broader biomedical community to partner with health communication experts in reducing the risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and tuberculosis and maximize linkage and adherence to care. Interventions can be strengthened when biomedical and health communication approaches are combined in strategic and evidence-based ways. Several of the articles in this special issue present the current evidence for health communication's impact. These articles show how far we have come and yet how much further we have to go to document impact convincingly. Examples of the biomedical approaches to HIV control include treatment as prevention, voluntary medical male circumcision, preexposure prophylaxis, sterile needle exchange, opiate substitution therapy, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission. None will succeed without behavior change, which can be facilitated by effective health communication. PMID:25007259

Vermund, Sten H; Van Lith, Lynn M; Holtgrave, David

2014-08-15

463

[Communication among hospital leaders].  

PubMed

New management styles imposed on hospital institutions in recent years, have fundamentally changed the organization of the latter. Many texts discuss the consequences, specifically on the field of communication. The aim of this study was to understand the real impact of new management methods on communication by managers in hospital, but also on care teams in termes of satisfaction and/or stress. This two-year study was conducted among 900 executives in hospitals in Western Switzerland using a mixed methodology. A first phase of questionnaires highlighted the problematic areas, while a second phase in the form of organized group interviews in each hospital, had the objective of achieving a better understanding of the relationship between management and communication. The latter proved to be particularly significant in terms of results, and this is the one we focused on in this article.These results indeed show that a crucial role is given to communication by carers, and, at the same time a lessening of the time devoted to relationships, both among peers and with patients. Frustration then arises, which is not without consequences both for the management of patients and the institutions themselves. It is by means of these results that awareness is raised of the omnipresence of communication at all levels and the major advantages that positive dynamic supports. And, on the contrary, of the serious problems which may arise from management practice that do not give due importance to the dimension of communication, present in all sectors of the hospital. PMID:24490450

Haberey-Knuessi, Véronique; Heeb, Jean-Luc; De Morgan, Paula Emilie

2013-12-01

464

Magnetostatic communication  

DOEpatents

A system for providing communication of information by modulating a magnetostatic field with a magnetostatic transmitter that modulates said magnetostatic field to contain the information and detecting the information in the modulated field at a distance with a magnetostatic detector that detects the modulated magnetic field containing the information.

Daily, William D. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA

2008-02-26

465

Communication Scheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high arithmetic rates of media processing applications require architectures with tens to hundreds of functional units, multiple register files, and explicit interconnect between functional units and register files. Communication scheduling enables scheduling to these emerging architectures, including those that use shared buses and register file ports. Scheduling to these shared interconnect architectures is difficult because it requires simultaneously allocating

Peter R. Mattson; William J. Dally; Scott Rixner; Ujval J. Kapasi; John D. Owens

2000-01-01

466

49. Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This half-hour video includes 18 classroom excerpts from classroom lessons which show students representing, discussing, reading, writing, and listening as vital parts of learning and using mathematics. It shows how communication that arises naturally from rich tasks and experiences fosters understanding of mathematical concepts and development of mathematical language.

Cadwallader, Lynn

2013-01-01

467

Communication Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by teachers of kindergarten through grade 10, this curriculum guide is designed to make communication education an integral part of the school program. The philosophy of the guide focuses on the processes of analyzing, formulating a position, and organizing information or ideas into meaningful form, rather than solely on surface…

Summit School District RE-1, Frisco, CO.

468

Communications technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the Communications Technology Program is to enable data transmission to and from low Earth orbit, geostationary orbit, and solar and deep space missions. This can be achieved by maintaining an effective, balances effort in basic, applied, and demonstration prototype communications technology through work in theory, experimentation, and components. The program consists of three major research and development discipline areas which are: microwave and millimeter wave tube components; solid state monolithic integrated circuit; and free space laser communications components and devices. The research ranges from basic research in surface physics (to study the mechanisms of surface degradation from under high temperature and voltage operating conditions which impacts cathode tube reliability and lifetime) to generic research on the dynamics of electron beams and circuits (for exploitation in various micro- and millimeter wave tube devices). Work is also performed on advanced III-V semiconductor materials and devices for use in monolithic integrated analog circuits (used in adaptive, programmable phased arrays for microwave antenna feeds and receivers) - on the use of electromagnetic theory in antennas and on technology necessary for eventual employment of lasers for free space communications for future low earth, geostationary, and deep space missions requiring high data rates with corresponding directivity and reliability.

Sokoloski, Martin M.

1988-01-01

469

Communications Electronics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the third in a series of electronics publications and serves as a supplement to "General Electronics Technician." It is designed to provide students with an overview of the broad field of communications. Included are those tasks above the basic skills level that allow students to progress to a higher level of competency in the…

Vorderstrasse, Ron; Siebert, Leo

470

Communicator, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four 1999 issues of the "Communicator" address reading needs of gifted children, middle schools, parenting the gifted, and the needs of young gifted children. Featured articles include: (1) "Academic Advocacy for the Forgotten Readers--Gifted and Advanced Learners" (Reading Task Force of the California Association for the Gifted); (2)…

Gosfield, Margaret, Ed.

1999-01-01

471

Core Communications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The website--it is where people go to find out anything and everything about a school, college, or university. In the relatively short life of the Internet, institutional websites have moved from the periphery to center stage and become strategically integral communications and marketing tools. As the flow of information accelerates and new…

Block, Greg; Ross, J. D.; Mulder, David

2011-01-01

472

Communication Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication planning in developing countries is discussed in individual articles on theory, knowledge production and utilization, planning at the regional level, software, and rural development. A nutrition education project and three experiments in developing educational materials with feedback from villagers in Africa are described in the…

Development Communication Report, 1978

1978-01-01

473

Communicating Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: what this book is about and why you might want to read it; Prologue: three orphans share a common paternity: professional science communication, popular journalism, and literary fiction are not as separate as they seem; Part I. Professional Science Communication: 1. Spreading the word: the endless struggle to publish professional science; 2. Walk like an Egyptian: the alien feeling of professional science writing; 3. The future's bright? Professional science communication in the age of the internet; 4. Counting the horse's teeth: professional standards in science's barter economy; 5. Separating the wheat from the chaff: peer review on trial; Part II. Science for the Public: What Science Do People Need and How Might They Get It?: 6. The Public Understanding of Science (PUS) movement and its problems; 7. Public engagement with science and technology (PEST): fine principle, difficult practice; 8. Citizen scientists? Democratic input into science policy; 9. Teaching and learning science in schools: implications for popular science communication; Part III. Popular Science Communication: The Press and Broadcasting: 10. What every scientist should know about mass media; 11. What every scientist should know about journalists; 12. The influence of new media; 13. How the media represents science; 14. How should science journalists behave?; Part IV. The Origins of Science in Cultural Context: Five Historic Dramas: 15. A terrible storm in Wittenberg: natural knowledge through sorcery and evil; 16. A terrible storm in the Mediterranean: controlling nature with white magic and religion; 17. Thieving magpies: the subtle art of false projecting; 18. Foolish virtuosi: natural philosophy emerges as a distinct discipline but many cannot take it seriously; 19. Is scientific knowledge 'true' or should it just be 'truthfully' deployed?; Part V. Science in Literature: 20. Science and the Gothic: the three big nineteenth-century monster stories; 21. Science fiction: serious literature of ideas or low-grade entertainment?; 22. Science in British literary fiction; 23. Science on stage: the politics and ethics of science in cultural and educational contexts.

Russell, Nicholas

2009-10-01