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1

Employer Factors Related to Workers' Compensation Claims and Disability Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored empirical relationship between employer disability prevention and management practices and their workers' compensation claims experience. Data from 124 firms revealed high variability among firms within same industry and operating under same state workers' compensation statute. Findings support assumption that significant portion of…

Habeck, Rochelle V.; And Others

1991-01-01

2

Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Korea Provoked by Workers' Collective Compensation Claims against Work Intensification  

PubMed Central

This article presents the process of workers’ problems with work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs), the introduction of risk assessments (RA) for their prevention, and the consequences of this process in Korea. In 1997, economic crisis caused a rapid increase of massive layoffs, worker dispatch system introduction, job insecurity, and use of irregular workers resulting in work intensification. Work intensification increased WMSDs, which created massive workers’ compensation collective claims. Workers argued for the reduction of work intensity. The RAs introduced as a consequence of the workers’ struggle is unique in the world. Whereas these RAs were expected to play a pivotal role in WMSDs prevention, they dis not due to workers’ lack of engagement after the compensation struggle. In fact, changes in the compensation judgment system and criteria have resulted in lower compensation approval rates leading to lower workers’ compensation claims. The Korean experience provides insight into WMSDs causes in a globalized world. In such a the globalized world, work intensification as the result of work flexibility could be an international trend.

2014-01-01

3

Etiology of work-related electrical injuries: a narrative analysis of workers' compensation claims.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to provide new insight into the etiology of primarily nonfatal, work-related electrical injuries. We developed a multistage, case-selection algorithm to identify electrical-related injuries from workers' compensation claims and a customized coding taxonomy to identify pre-injury circumstances. Workers' compensation claims routinely collected over a 1-year period from a large U.S. insurance provider were used to identify electrical-related injuries using an algorithm that evaluated: coded injury cause information, nature of injury, "accident" description, and injury description narratives. Concurrently, a customized coding taxonomy for these narratives was developed to abstract the activity, source, initiating process, mechanism, vector, and voltage. Among the 586,567 reported claims during 2002, electrical-related injuries accounted for 1283 (0.22%) of nonfatal claims and 15 fatalities (1.2% of electrical). Most (72.3%) were male, average age of 36, working in services (33.4%), manufacturing (24.7%), retail trade (17.3%), and construction (7.2%). Body part(s) injured most often were the hands, fingers, or wrist (34.9%); multiple body parts/systems (25.0%); lower/upper arm; elbow; shoulder, and upper extremities (19.2%). The leading activities were conducting manual tasks (55.1%); working with machinery, appliances, or equipment; working with electrical wire; and operating powered or nonpowered hand tools. Primary injury sources were appliances and office equipment (24.4%); wires, cables/cords (18.0%); machines and other equipment (11.8%); fixtures, bulbs, and switches (10.4%); and lightning (4.3%). No vector was identified in 85% of cases. and the work process was initiated by others in less than 1% of cases. Injury narratives provide valuable information to overcome some of the limitations of precoded data, more specially for identifying additional injury cases and in supplementing traditional epidemiologic data for further understanding the etiology of work-related electrical injuries that may lead to further prevention opportunities. PMID:19626529

Lombardi, David A; Matz, Simon; Brennan, Melanye J; Smith, Gordon S; Courtney, Theodore K

2009-10-01

4

Age related differences in work injuries and permanent impairment: a comparison of workers' compensation claims among adolescents, young adults, and adults  

PubMed Central

Aims: To investigate the severity of work injuries across age groups. Methods: Workers' compensation records were used to examine work related injuries among adolescents (15–19 years old), young adults (20–24 years old), and adults (25+ years old) between 1993 and 2000. The incidence of compensated injuries was calculated for each age group and compared by gender, industry, and type of injury. The presence and degree of permanent impairment in each age group was also examined. Results: For males, adolescents and young adults had higher claim rates than adults. For females, adults had the highest claim rates and young adults the lowest. Rates of permanent impairment indicated that age was positively associated with severity of injury. Conclusions: Indicators of health consequences, in particular presence of permanent impairment, provide preliminary evidence that compensated work injuries sustained by youth are not as serious as injuries sustained by adults. Nevertheless, there was evidence that some young workers sustain injuries that have long term consequences. Documenting the consequences of the injuries that young workers sustain has implications for secondary prevention efforts and health services policy.

Breslin, C; Koehoorn, M; Smith, P; Manno, M

2003-01-01

5

Audit of Compensation Program Claims Brokering. Veterans Benefits Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Processing the increased number of veterans' compensation benefit claims received has been a major challenge for the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA). To help address this challenge, VBA has increased claims brokering from veterans service centers (...

2011-01-01

6

76 FR 36176 - Fully Developed Claim (Fully Developed Claims-Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control No. 2900-0747] Fully Developed Claim (Fully Developed Claims--Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits); Correction AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration, Department of Veterans...

2011-06-21

7

Characteristics of and risk factors for compensated occupational injury and disease claims in dairy farmers: a case-control study.  

PubMed

Research indicates that dairy farmers have an elevated risk of work-related adverse health outcomes. This case-control study evaluated the characteristics of and risk factors for compensated occupational injury and disease claims among Finnish dairy farmers. The cases consisted of 19 farm couples in which both spouses had a history of multiple claims. There were 283 claims in total, a rate of 26.6 claims per 100 person-years. The controls consisted of 12 couples in which neither spouse had compensated or rejected claims during their work history as insured farmers. A combined mail/telephone survey charted potential risk factors for compensated claims. These claims frequently involved work tasks and causes related to animal husbandry. Cattle were the most common cause for injuries in general and for serious injuries in particular. Gender differences in farm work and claims were observed. Using logistic regression analyses, we identified personal and work-related risk factors including long work history, small-scale dairy farm operation, and conventional stanchion barn for dairy cattle. Outdated working conditions, while not statistically significant, were positively associated with claims as well. Declined current work ability and musculoskeletal or respiratory conditions were significantly associated with claims where each of these outcomes may contribute to the other. Identified factors could be used to select subgroups of dairy farmers with either elevated or reduced risk of claims. Prevention of adverse health outcomes could be most effective when targeted to farmers at highest risk of occupational injury and disease. PMID:24400423

Karttunen, J P; Rautiainen, R H

2013-07-01

8

The impact of workplace factors on filing of workers' compensation claims among nursing home workers  

PubMed Central

Background Injuries reported to workers’ compensation (WC) system are often used to estimate incidence of health outcomes and evaluate interventions in musculoskeletal epidemiology studies. However, WC claims represent a relatively small subset of all musculoskeletal disorders among employed individuals, and perhaps not a representative subset. This study determined the influence of workplace and individual factors on filing of workers’ compensation claims by nursing home employees with back pain. Methods Surveys were conducted in 18 skilled nursing facilities in four U.S. states. Self-administered questionnaires obtained information on demographic characteristics, working environment, and health behaviors/status. Employees who reported low back pain at least once in four questionnaire surveys were included. WC claims from the same facilities were obtained from the employer’s workers compensation insurer and matched by employee name. The dichotomous dependent variable was filing of back-related worker’s compensation claim. Association with predictors of interest, including pain severity, physical job demand, job strain, social support, schedule control, and safety climate, was assessed using multivariate regression modeling. Individual characteristics were tested as potential confounders. Results Pain severity level was significantly associated with filing low-back related claims (odds ratio (OR)?=?1.49, 95% CI?=?1.18 – 1.87). Higher physical demands at work (OR?=?1.07, 95% CI?=?1.01 – 1.14) also increased the likelihood of claim filing. Higher job strain (OR?=?0.83, 95% CI?=?0.73 – 0.94), social support at work (OR?=?0.90, 95% CI?=?0.82 – 0.99), and education (OR?=?0.79, 95% CI?=?0.71 – 0.89) decreased the likelihood of claim filing. Conclusions The results suggest that the WC system captured the most severe occupational injuries. Workplace factors had additional influence on workers’ decision to file claims, after adjusting for low back pain severity. Education was correlated with worker’s socioeconomic status; its influence on claim filing is difficult to interpret because of the possible mixed effects of working conditions, self-efficacy, and content knowledge.

2014-01-01

9

Workplace Harassment — A Health Issue: Anti-Discrimination Cases and Workers' Compensation Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the adverse health-related effects of racial and sexual harassment elicited from files held by the Western Australian Equal Opportunity Commission where the complainant has nominated sexual or racial harassment as a ground of discrimination. Those results are compared with publicly available data on work-related stress claims obtained from the Compendium of Workers' Compensation Statistics Australia 2004–06, arising

Robert Guthrie; Ross Taplin; Joseph Oliver

2009-01-01

10

42 CFR 411.47 - Apportionment of a lump-sum compromise settlement of a workers' compensation claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...compromise settlement of a workers' compensation claim. 411.47 Section...for Services Covered Under Workers' Compensation § 411.47 Apportionment...compromise settlement of a workers' compensation claim. (a)...

2010-10-01

11

42 CFR 411.47 - Apportionment of a lump-sum compromise settlement of a workers' compensation claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...compromise settlement of a workers' compensation claim. 411.47 Section...for Services Covered Under Workers' Compensation § 411.47 Apportionment...compromise settlement of a workers' compensation claim. (a)...

2009-10-01

12

20 CFR 702.604 - Determining the amount of compensation for occupational disease claims which become manifest...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...amount of compensation for occupational disease claims which become manifest after retirement...ADMINISTRATION AND PROCEDURE Occupational Disease Which Does Not Immediately Result in Death...amount of compensation for occupational disease claims which become manifest after...

2013-04-01

13

20 CFR 702.603 - Determining the payrate for compensating occupational disease claims which become manifest after...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the payrate for compensating occupational disease claims which become manifest after retirement...ADMINISTRATION AND PROCEDURE Occupational Disease Which Does Not Immediately Result in Death...the payrate for compensating occupational disease claims which become manifest after...

2013-04-01

14

Worker's Compensation: Will College and University Professors Be Compensated for Mental Injuries Caused by Work-Related Stress?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which college faculty may recover compensation for debilitating mental illness resulting from stressful work-related activities is discussed. General requirements for worker's compensation claims, compensability of stress-related mental and physical illnesses, applicability of these standards to college faculty, and the current state…

Hasty, Keith N.

1991-01-01

15

19 CFR 24.32 - Claims; unpaid compensation of deceased employees and death benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...unpaid compensation of deceased employees and death benefits. 24.32 Section 24.32...unpaid compensation of deceased employees and death benefits. (a) A claim made by a...an officer or employee at the time of his death shall be executed on standard...

2013-04-01

16

Applying no-fault compensation criteria to obstetric malpractice claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine in obstetric malpractice cases the incidence of adverse events (AE), defined in the litigation literature as an injury caused by medical management, and to determine the proportion of cases that would meet no-fault criteria.Methods: In a retrospective cohort design, all neonatal outcome claims (n = 47) occurring between January 1992 and December 1993 were reviewed from carriers

Carl J. Saphier; Eric J. Thomas; David Studdert; Troyen A. Brennan; David Acker

1998-01-01

17

Factors predisposing to claims and compensations for patient injuries following total hip and knee arthroplasty  

PubMed Central

Background and purpose Factors associated with malpractice claims are poorly understood. Knowledge of these factors could help to improve patient safety. We investigated whether patient characteristics and hospital volume affect claims and compensations following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a no-fault scheme. Methods A retrospective registry-based study was done on 16,646 THAs and 17,535 TKAs performed in Finland from 1998 through 2003. First, the association between patient characteristics—e.g., age, sex, comorbidity, prosthesis type—and annual hospital volume with filing of a claim was analyzed by logistic regression. Then, multinomial logistic regression was applied to analyze the association between these same factors and receipt of compensation. Results For THA and TKA, patients over 65 years of age were less likely to file a claim than patients under 65 (OR = 0.57, 95% CI: 0.46–0.72 and OR = 0.65, CI: 0.53–0.80, respectively), while patients with increased comorbidity were more likely to file a claim (OR = 1.17, CI: 1.04–1.31 and OR = 1.14, CI: 1.03-1.26, respectively). Following THA, male sex and cemented prosthesis reduced the odds of a claim (OR = 0.74, CI: 0.60–0.91 and OR = 0.77, CI: 0.60–0.99, respectively) and volume of between 200 and 300 operations increased the odds of a claim (OR = 1.29, CI: 1.01–1.64). Following TKA, a volume of over 300 operations reduced the probability of compensation for certain injury types (RRR = 0.24, CI: 0.08–0.72). Interpretation Centralization of TKA to hospitals with higher volume may reduce the rate of compensable patient injuries. Furthermore, more attention should be paid to equal opportunities for patients to file a claim and obtain compensation.

2012-01-01

18

Medical reports on persons claiming compensation for personal injury.  

PubMed Central

An audit of one insurance company's files on all employer's liability and third party motor claims settled over two years for 5000 pounds or more presented an opportunity to review the medical reports on the patients involved. A stratified random sample of files on 203 patients contained 602 reports prepared by 400 consultants. Content analysis was undertaken to evaluate compliance with published guidance on reports prepared for medico-legal purposes and to ascertain how well reports met recipients' requirements. While clinical topics were well covered, generally to a high standard, other functional, psychosocial and occupational topics, reflecting the wider clinical and non-clinical frame of reference within which lawyers and insurers normally seek information and advice, were covered less frequently, extensively and comprehensively--leaving considerable scope to improve these aspects of assessment and reporting. Further review of this aspect of professional practice should include attention to the appropriateness of existing guidance, postgraduate training requirements and the involvement of other agencies or professions in some aspects of assessment for medico-legal purposes.

Cornes, P; Aitken, R C

1992-01-01

19

The Occupationally Injured Worker: Investigating the Decision to Settle a Workers' Compensation Claim  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2007), a total of 4.2 million work-place injuries were reported within the United States in 2005, nearly half of which resulted in days away from work, job transfer, or restriction. In the majority of workers' compensation claims, wage-replacement benefits are paid voluntarily by the employer or…

Nay, Andrew Paul

2010-01-01

20

Doctors and retribution: the hospitalisation of compensation claims in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.  

PubMed

The cultures in the Papua New Guinea Highlands are characterised by a tradition of retribution. Compensation is part of an elaborate system of exchanging gifts, goods and services. Compensation is paid to those who have suffered some kind of loss for which others are held responsible. Such incidents include death or injury caused by fighting, a road accident or domestic violence, theft, rape, gossip, and property damage. Fear of revenge is an important motive for paying compensation. The hospital has become an increasingly important institution for retribution. It provides medical reports to support compensation claims of physical damage in cases involving violence or an accident. Case material, collected by one of the authors who conducted fieldwork in a hospital in the Southern Highlands, shows that the hospital has established itself as an authoritative actor in the local compensation culture. Doctors spend about one afternoon per week writing medical reports for compensation claims. These reports have become an attractive extra source of income for the hospital. The article describes and analyses a number of cases to illustrate the hospital's role in the production and legitimisation of retribution. PMID:15351474

van Amstel, Hans; van der Geest, Sjaak

2004-11-01

21

20 CFR 30.10 - Are all OWCP records relating to claims filed under EEOICPA considered confidential?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01...30.10 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL...COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL...relating to claims for benefits under EEOICPA are...

2013-04-01

22

Performance of functions; claims for compensation under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act. Interim final rule; request for comments.  

PubMed

This document contains the interim final regulations governing the administration of the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000, as amended (EEOICPA or Act) by the Department of Labor (Department or DOL). Part B of the Act provides uniform lump-sum payments and medical benefits to covered employees and, where applicable, to survivors of such employees, of the Department of Energy (DOE), its predecessor agencies and certain of its vendors, contractors and subcontractors. Part B of the Act also provides smaller uniform lump-sum payments and medical benefits to individuals found eligible by the Department of Justice (DOJ) for benefits under section 5 of the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) and, where applicable, to their survivors. Part E of the Act provides variable lump-sum payments (based on a worker's permanent impairment and/or years of established wage-loss) and medical benefits for covered DOE contractor employees and, where applicable, provides variable lump-sum payments to survivors of such employees (based on a worker's death due to a covered illness and any years of established wage-loss). Part E of the Act also provides these same payments and benefits to uranium miners, millers and ore transporters covered by section 5 of the RECA and, where applicable, to survivors of such employees. The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) administers the adjudication of claims and the payment of benefits under EEOICPA, with the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) estimating the amounts of radiation received by employees alleged to have sustained cancer as a result of such exposure and establishing guidelines to be followed by OWCP in determining whether such cancers are at least as likely as not related to employment. Both DOE and DOJ are responsible for notifying potential claimants and for submitting evidence necessary for OWCP's adjudication of claims under EEOICPA. PMID:15943010

2005-06-01

23

67 FR 51440 - Claims Under the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Amendments of 2000; Expansion of Coverage to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of a certain level of exposure to radiation (as is...who are studying the effects of radiation on mill...not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100...or significant adverse effects on competition, employment...Claims, Radiation Exposure Compensation Act,...

2002-08-07

24

Mesothelioma incidence surveillance systems and claims for workers' compensation. Epidemiological evidence and prospects for an integrated framework  

PubMed Central

Background Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive and lethal tumour strongly associated with exposure to asbestos (mainly occupational). In Italy a large proportion of workers are protected from occupational diseases by public insurance and an epidemiological surveillance system for incident mesothelioma cases. Methods We set up an individual linkage between the Italian national mesothelioma register (ReNaM) and the Italian workers’ compensation authority (INAIL) archives. Logistic regression models were used to identify and test explanatory variables. Results We extracted 3270 mesothelioma cases with occupational origins from the ReNaM, matching them with 1625 subjects in INAIL (49.7%); 91.2% (1,482) of the claims received compensation. The risk of not seeking compensation is significantly higher for women and the elderly. Claims have increased significantly in recent years and there is a clear geographical gradient (northern and more developed regions having higher claims rates). The highest rates of compensation claims were after work known to involve asbestos. Conclusions Our data illustrate the importance of documentation and dissemination of all asbestos exposure modalities. Strategies focused on structural and systematic interaction between epidemiological surveillance and insurance systems are needed.

2012-01-01

25

76 FR 54002 - Agency Information Collection (Fully Developed Claims) (Applications for Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compensation; Applications for Pension; Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits): Activity Under OMB Review...Compensation; Applications for Pension; Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits, VA Forms...

2011-08-30

26

Impact of a cleaners' strike on compensation claims for asthma among teachers in Ontario  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: A review of Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) claims in Ontario from 1998 to 2002 showed an unusual spike in the number of claims accepted for work-exacerbated asthma (WEA) in April 2001. OBJECTIVE: To identify the cause for the spike in the number of WSIB claims for WEA in April 2001. METHODS: File reviews were performed to identify the occupations of workers with claims accepted for WEA in April 2001 compared with claims during March and May 2001, and during the same months in 2000 and 2002. RESULTS: In April 2001, there were 61 accepted WEA claims; the most common occupation was ‘teacher’. In contrast, among educational workers, there was only one WEA claim in the previous month and one in the following month. From March to May in the preceding and following years, there were only four and two claims, respectively. The most frequently implicated causative agents were dust and dirt exposure, which were responsible for 98% of claims; the mean (± SD) number of lost workdays was 6.5±10. The only identified environmental change associated with this spike was a cleaners’ strike at all elementary and high schools in the Toronto District School Board in Ontario, which started on March 31, 2001 and ended on May 1, 2001. CONCLUSION: The spike in accepted WEA claims in Ontario in April 2001 was temporally associated with a strike by Toronto District School Board cleaners, suggesting acute symptomatic effects of poor workplace (school) maintenance on asthmatic employees. The WSIB database was sufficiently sensitive to capture this phenomenon.

Ribeiro, Marcos; Buyantseva, Larisa V; Liss, Gary M; Luce, Carol E; Tarlo, Susan M

2013-01-01

27

67 FR 51422 - Claims Under the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Amendments of 2000; Technical Amendments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...amended Act. DATES: Effective date: September...with the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act...developed following exposure to radiation under...substantial direct effects on the States...records to that effect. (b) If the medical...the Radiation Exposure Compensation...

2002-08-07

28

28 CFR 79.3 - Compensable claim categories under the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...part. (4) Miners' claims. For...contracted lung cancer or certain nonmalignant...being employed in uranium mines located...diseases, renal cancer, or chronic...months) in a uranium mill in specified...diseases, renal cancer, or chronic...transporter of uranium ore or...

2009-07-01

29

28 CFR 79.3 - Compensable claim categories under the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...part. (4) Miners' claims. For...contracted lung cancer or certain nonmalignant...being employed in uranium mines located...diseases, renal cancer, or chronic...months) in a uranium mill in specified...diseases, renal cancer, or chronic...transporter of uranium ore or...

2010-07-01

30

Consumer expectations towards origin-claimed food products. Compensation and acceptance for global trading system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Origin- claimed food products mainstream gives diverse features over the world. The food labelling practices based on origin or provenance are frequently developed as a reaction to global trading system: private and NGO's initiatives (Fair Trade), enterprises in UK (Local Foods) and USA (Food Alliance), medals for winners in local exhibitions awards, or public regulation in European Union (PDO, PGI,

Georges Giraud

2006-01-01

31

78 FR 6181 - Agency Information Collection (Fully Developed Claims) (Applications for Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compensation; Applications for Pension; Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits): Activity Under OMB Review...for Pension, VA Form 21-527EZ; and Applications for DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits, VA Form 21-534EZ....

2013-01-29

32

47 CFR 1.1167 - Error claims related to regulatory fees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Error claims related to regulatory fees. 1.1167 Section 1...of Statutory Charges and Procedures for Payment § 1.1167 Error claims related to regulatory fees. (a)...

2013-10-01

33

Compensation for environmental asbestos-related diseases in South Africa: a neglected issue  

PubMed Central

Background Environmentally acquired asbestos-related diseases (ARDs) are of concern globally. In South Africa, there is widespread contamination of the environment due to historical asbestos mining operations that were poorly regulated. Although the law makes provision for the compensation of occupationally acquired ARDs, compensation for environmentally acquired ARDs is only available through the Asbestos Relief Trust (ART) and Kgalagadi Relief Trust, both of which are administered by the ART. This study assessed ARDs and compensation outcomes of environmental claims submitted to the Trusts. Methods The personal details, medical diagnoses, and exposure information of all environmental claims considered by the Trusts from their inception in 2003 to April 2010 were used to calculate the numbers and proportions of ARDs and compensation awards. Results There were 146 environmental claimants of whom 35 (23.9%) had fibrotic pleural disease, 1 (0.7%) had lung cancer, and 77 (52.7%) had malignant mesothelioma. 53 (36.3%) claimants were compensated: 20 with fibrotic pleural disease and 33 with mesothelioma. Of the 93 (63.7%) claimants who were not compensated, 33 had no ARDs, 18 had fibrotic pleural disease, 1 had lung cancer, and 44 had mesothelioma. In addition to having ARDs, those that were compensated had qualifying domestic (33; 62.2%) or neighbourhood (20; 37.8%) exposures to asbestos. Most of the claimants who were not compensated had ARDs but their exposures did not meet the Trusts’ exposure criteria. Conclusions This study demonstrates the environmental impact of asbestos mining on the burden of ARDs. Mesothelioma was the most common disease diagnosed, but most cases were not compensated. This highlights that there is little redress for individuals with environmentally acquired ARDs in South Africa. To stop this ARD epidemic, there is a need for the rehabilitation of abandoned asbestos mines and the environment. These issues may not be unique to South Africa as many countries continue to mine and use asbestos.

Ndlovu, Ntombizodwa; Naude, Jim teWater; Murray, Jill

2013-01-01

34

Consumer understanding, interpretation and perceived levels of personal responsibility in relation to satiety-related claims.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to explore (a) whether and how consumers may (over-) interpret satiety claims, and (b) whether and to what extent consumers recognize that personal efforts are required to realize possible satiety-related or weight loss benefits. Following means-end chain theory, we explored for a number of satiety claims the extent of inference-making to higher-level benefits than actually stated in the claim, using internet-based questions and tasks. Respondents (N=1504) in U.K., France, Italy and Germany participated in the study. The majority of these respondents correctly interpret satiety-related claims; i.e. they largely limit their interpretation to what was actually stated. They do not expect a "magic bullet" effect, but understand that personal efforts are required to translate product attributes into potential weight control benefits. Less-restrained eaters were at lower risk for over-interpreting satiety-related claims, whilst respondents with a stronger belief that their weight is something that they can control accept more personal responsibility, and better understand that personal efforts are required to be effective in weight control. Overall, these results indicate there is likely to be a relatively low level of consumer misinterpretation of satiety-related claims on food products. PMID:22841815

Bilman, Els M; Kleef, Ellen van; Mela, David J; Hulshof, Toine; van Trijp, Hans C M

2012-12-01

35

Age related distributive justice and claims on resources.  

PubMed

The ageing population structure, and claims on resources by non-working groups, are seen by many to be contributing to a growing welfare crisis. In their arguments, relations between age groups and generations will become increasingly fraught, and welfare arrangements will be undermined, as 'unacceptable' levels of taxation blight the experience of a contracting workforce, required to resource a growing welfare population. However, more seems to be known about researchers' views on distributive justice than is known about the perceptions of their subject populations. It has not been demonstrated that members of age groups share interests which are consonant with their cohort experience, or perceive their interests to be in conflict with those members of other age groups or generations. This paper analyses empirical evidence on people's perceptions of who should get, and do, what, in developing an argument that standard processes do not place age groups or generations in antagonistic relationship. Understanding the relations between age groups and generations is essential to explaining change in patterns of inequality, but the interdependence of these relations suggest that they are part of a coherent social structure, and not likely to give rise to crisis in the ways predicted. PMID:8680793

Irwin, S

1996-03-01

36

Consumers’ health-related motive orientations and reactions to claims about dietary calcium.  

PubMed

Health claims may contribute to better informed and healthier food choices and to improved industrial competitiveness by marketing foods that support healthier lifestyles in line with consumer preferences. With the more stringent European Union regulation of nutrition and health claims, insights into consumers' health-related goal patterns and their reactions towards such claims are needed to influence the content of lawful claims. This study investigated how consumers' explicit and implicit health-related motive orientations (HRMOs) together with the type of calcium-claim (nutrition claim, health claim and reduction of disease risk claim) influence perceived credibility and purchasing intention of calcium-enriched fruit juice. Data were collected in April 2006 through a consumer survey with 341 Belgian adults. The findings indicate that stronger implicit HRMOs (i.e., indirect benefits of calcium for personal health) are associated with higher perceived credibility, which is not (yet) translated into a higher purchasing intention. Consumers' explicit HRMOs, which refer to direct benefits or physiological functions of calcium in the body-as legally permitted in current calcium-claims in the EU-do not associate with reactions to the claims. Independently of consumers' HRMOs, the claim type significantly affects the perceived credibility and purchasing intention of the product. Implications for nutrition policy makers and food industries are discussed. PMID:23306190

Hoefkens, Christine; Verbeke, Wim

2013-01-01

37

32 CFR 536.118 - Related statutes for maritime claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SIAA), 46 U.S.C. app. 741-752; the Public Vessels Act (PVA), 46 U.S.C. app. 781-790; or the Admiralty Extension...is not mandatory for causes of action as it is for the SIAA or PVA. (b) Similar maritime claims settlement authority is...

2009-07-01

38

32 CFR 536.118 - Related statutes for maritime claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SIAA), 46 U.S.C. app. 741-752; the Public Vessels Act (PVA), 46 U.S.C. app. 781-790; or the Admiralty Extension...is not mandatory for causes of action as it is for the SIAA or PVA. (b) Similar maritime claims settlement authority is...

2010-07-01

39

Work-related musculoskeletal diseases and the workers' compensation.  

PubMed

The Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act (IACIA) regulates the workers' compensation insurance system and the standards for the recognition of occupational diseases (ODs). Since its establishment in 1994, the IACIA has been amended several times. Before 2008, the approval of compensation for work-related musculoskeletal diseases (WMSDs) was decided based on the recommendation of consultants of the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (COMWEL). The IACIA was amended in 2008, and since then, the approval of compensation for occupational injuries has been decided based on the recommendation of COMWEL consultants, whereas the approval of compensation for ODs was decided based on the judgment of Committee on Occupational Diseases Judgment (CODJ) which was established in 2008. According to the 2013 amendment to the IACIA, degenerative musculoskeletal diseases among workers engaged in musculoskeletal-burdening work should be considered compensable ODs. Despite some commendable changes to the workers' compensation insurance system, other significant issues persist. To resolve these issues, related organizations including the associations of orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, and occupational and environmental medicine; Ministry of Employment and Labor; and COMWEL need to work cooperatively. PMID:25006319

Jang, Tae-Won; Koo, Jung-Wan; Kwon, Soon-Chan; Song, Jaechul

2014-06-01

40

28 CFR 301.303 - Time parameters for filing a claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION Compensation for Work-Related Physical Impairment...institution, or other work-related injury shall submit...to an inmate's work-related injury to the...claim for Inmate Accident...

2009-07-01

41

28 CFR 301.303 - Time parameters for filing a claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION Compensation for Work-Related Physical Impairment...institution, or other work-related injury shall submit...to an inmate's work-related injury to the...claim for Inmate Accident...

2010-07-01

42

45 CFR 4.6 - Materials related to petitions under the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...related to petitions under the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. 4.6...related to petitions under the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. Notwithstanding...served upon the Director, Division of Vaccine Injury Compensation, Office of...

2013-10-01

43

New rules for clinical trial-related injury and compensation.  

PubMed

The rules for compensation for injury and death in clinical trials have recently been notified. These rules clarify that medical management of all injuries in clinical trials is mandatory and in cases in which injury or death is related to the clinical trial, the subject (or nominee) is entitled to compensation over and above the medical management. They also specify procedures and timelines for reporting serious adverse events. These require simplification. The rules will hopefully make clinical trial safer for subjects and investigators alike. However, they suffer from certain inconsistencies that should be reconsidered. They need to be modified so that they do not damage the industry. PMID:23912736

Choudhury, Khushboo; Ghooi, Ravindra

2013-01-01

44

Relative media pressure compensation technique using rectangular diaphragms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel compensation design that significantly improves the accuracy of O-ring packaged silicon MEMS differential pressure sensors, is presented. The work focusses on eliminating the overall relative media pressure dependency of O-ring packaged MEMS pressure sensors. The presented sensor is based on a rectangular micromachined diaphragm with piezoresistive elements implanted near the diaphragm edges and center. The resistors are interconnected

C. Pedersen; C. Christensen; J. P. Krog; E. V. Thomsen

2006-01-01

45

20 CFR 30.11 - Who maintains custody and control of claim records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...30.11 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL...COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL...relating to claims for benefits filed under the Act...Compensation Programs, Energy Employees...

2013-04-01

46

Hysteresis and nonlinearity compensation of relative humidity sensor using support vector machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on support vector machine (SVM) technique, a novel method for hysteresis and nonlinearity compensation of a relative humidity sensor has been investigated. The compensation method consists of a two-stage procedure. First, a SVM is used to perform the hysteresis error compensation of the sensor. Then, a second SVM is utilized to compensate the nonlinearity error in the response characteristics

Xiaodong Wang; Meiying Ye

2008-01-01

47

Radiation Exposure Compensation Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Justice Department's Radiation Exposure Compensation Program homepage. This site features information about the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act, including claimant categories, claim forms, and the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act. This site also provides a table illustrating a summary of all claims received and compensation paid to date.

Program, U. S.

48

A statistical analysis of insurance damage claims related to rainfall extremes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a database of water-related insurance damage claims related to private properties and content was analysed. The aim was to investigate whether the probability of occurrence of rainfall-related damage was associated with the intensity of rainfall. Rainfall data were used for the period of 2003-2009 in the Netherlands based on a network of 33 automatic rain gauges operated by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Insurance damage data were aggregated to areas within 10-km range of the rain gauges. Through a logistic regression model, high claim numbers were linked to maximum rainfall intensities, with rainfall intensity based on 10-min to 4-h time windows. Rainfall intensity proved to be a significant damage predictor; however, the explained variance, approximated by a pseudo-R2 statistic, was at most 34% for property damage and at most 30% for content damage. When directly comparing predicted and observed values, the model was able to predict 5-17% more cases correctly compared to a random prediction. No important differences were found between relations with property and content damage data. A considerable fraction of the variance is left unexplained, which emphasizes the need to study damage generating mechanisms and additional explanatory variables.

Spekkers, M. H.; Kok, M.; Clemens, F. H. L. R.; ten Veldhuis, J. A. E.

2013-03-01

49

Medical Malpractice Claims Related to Cataract Surgery Complicated by Retained Lens Fragments (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To review malpractice claims associated with retained lens fragments during cataract surgery to identify ways to improve patient outcomes. Methods: Retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series. Closed claims data related to cataract surgeries complicated by retained lens fragments (1989 through 2009) from an ophthalmic insurance carrier were reviewed. Factors associated with these claims and claims outcomes were analyzed. Results: During the 21-year period, 117 (12.5%) of 937 closed claims associated with cataract surgery were related to retained lens fragments with 108 unique cataract surgeries, 97% against cataract surgeon and 3% against retinal surgeon. Twelve (11%) of 108 claims were resolved by a trial, 30 (28%) were settled, and 66 (61%) were dismissed. The defendant prevailed in 83% of trials. Indemnity payments totaling more than $3,586,000 were made in 32 (30%) of the claims (median payment, $90,000). The difference between the preoperative visual acuity and the final visual acuity was predictive of an indemnity payment (odds ratio [OR], 2.28; P=.001) and going to a trial (OR, 2.93; P=.000). Development of corneal edema was associated with an indemnity payment (OR, 3.50; P=.037). Timing of referral and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) were statistically significant in univariate analyses but not in multivariate analyses for a trial. Conclusions: Whereas the majority of claims were dismissed, claims associated with greater visual acuity decline, corneal edema, or elevated IOP were more likely to result in a trial or payment. Ways to reduce significant vision loss, including improved management of corneal edema and IOP, and timely referral to a subspecialist should be considered.

Kim, Judy E.; Weber, Paul; Szabo, Aniko

2012-01-01

50

Arterial Blood Pressure Is Closely Related to Ascites Development in Compensated HCV-Related Cirrhosis  

PubMed Central

Background Arterial blood pressure (BP) is a reliable marker of circulatory dysfunction in cirrhotic patients. There are no prospective studies evaluating the association between different levels of arterial BP and ascites development in compensated cirrhotic patients. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between arterial BP and ascites development in compensated cirrhotic patients. Materials and Methods A total of 402 patients with compensated HCV-related cirrhosis were prospectively followed during 6 years to identify ascites development. At baseline, patients underwent systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure (MAP) measurements. Any history of arterial hypertension was also recorded. The occurrence of events such as bleeding, hepatocellular carcinoma, death and liver transplantation prior to ascites development were considered as competing risk events. Results Over a median of 156 weeks, ascites occurred in 54 patients (13%). At baseline, MAP was significantly lower in patients with ascites development (75.9 mm/Hg [95%CI, 70.3–84.3]) than those without ascites (93.6 mm/Hg [95% CI: 86.6–102.3]). After adjusting for covariates, the 6-year cumulative incidence of ascites was 40% (95%CI, 34%–48%) for patients with MAP<83.32 mm/Hg. In contrast, cumulative incidences of ascites were almost similar among patients with MAP values between 83.32 mm/Hg and 93.32 mm/Hg (7% [95% CI: 4%–12%]), between 93.32 mm/Hg and 100.31 mm/Hg (5% [95% CI: 4%–11%]) or higher than 100.31 mm/Hg (3% [95% CI: 1%–6%]). The MAP was an independent predictor of ascites development. Conclusions The MAP is closely related to the development of ascites in compensated HCV-related cirrhosis. The risk of ascites development increases in 4.4 fold for subjects with MAP values <83.32 mm/Hg.

Vilar Gomez, Eduardo; Torres Gonzalez, Ana; Calzadilla Bertot, Luis; Yasells Garcia, Ali; Sanchez Rodriguez, Yoan; Perez, Yadina Martinez

2014-01-01

51

Compensation for work-related hematologic, liver, and infectious diseases.  

PubMed

Occupational diseases may be defined only medically or scientifically, and even then, their definition is not simple. However, compensable occupational diseases involve the additional layer of legal systems and social welfare policies as well. Their multifaceted nature makes determining the work-relatedness of these diseases more complex. Korea has established standards for the recognition of occupational diseases in Schedule 5 of the Enforcement Decree of the Labor Standards Act, and specific criteria for the recognition of occupational diseases are listed in Schedule 3 of the Enforcement Decree of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act. The new list of compensable occupational diseases comprises 13 articles as an open-ended system. The newly added articles pertain to lymphohematopoietic (Article 5) and infectious diseases (Article 9), as well as diseases of other target organs. Furthermore, the article on liver diseases (Article 8) has been partially revised. The new act has been changed to clarify the meaning as it has been presented in recent research. It is necessary to achieve agreement among concerned parties, including experts from the legal, medical, and social domains to resolve the issues of work-relatedness, causation, notion of aggravation, and so on for preparing a list and a process that are more reasonable. PMID:25006327

Kim, Jung-Won; Kang, Dong-Mug

2014-06-01

52

Litigation relating to conditions affecting the shoulder and elbow: an analysis of claims against the National Health Service.  

PubMed

We present a review of claims made to the NHS Litigation Authority (NHSLA) by patients with conditions affecting the shoulder and elbow, and identify areas of dissatisfaction and potential improvement. Between 1995 and 2012, the NHSLA recorded 811 claims related to the shoulder and elbow, 581 of which were settled. This comprised 364 shoulder (64%), and 217 elbow (36%) claims. A total of £18.2 million was paid out in settled claims. Overall diagnosis, mismanagement and intra-operative nerve injury were the most common reasons for litigation. The highest cost paid out resulted from claims dealing with incorrect, missed or delayed diagnosis, with just under £6 million paid out overall. Fractures and dislocations around the shoulder and elbow were common injuries in this category. All 11 claims following wrong-site surgery that were settled led to successful payouts. This study highlights the diagnoses and procedures that need to be treated with particular vigilance. Having an awareness of the areas that lead to litigation in shoulder and elbow surgery will help to reduce inadvertent risks to patients and prevent dissatisfaction and possible litigation. PMID:24788489

Talbot, C L; Ring, J; Holt, E M

2014-05-01

53

28 CFR 301.302 - Work-related death.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Work-related death. 301.302 Section...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION Compensation for Work-Related Physical Impairment or Death § 301.302 Work-related death. A claim for...

2009-07-01

54

28 CFR 301.302 - Work-related death.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Work-related death. 301.302 Section...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION Compensation for Work-Related Physical Impairment or Death § 301.302 Work-related death. A claim for...

2010-07-01

55

40 CFR 1068.115 - When must manufacturers honor emission-related warranty claims?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the owner's or operator's improper maintenance or use, by accidents for which you have no responsibility, or by acts of God. For example, you would not need to honor warranty claims for failures that have been directly caused by the...

2013-07-01

56

21 CFR 101.65 - Implied nutrient content claims and related label statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...absent from a product, provided that the purpose of such claim is to facilitate avoidance of the substances because of food allergies (see § 105.62 of this chapter), food intolerance, religious beliefs, or dietary practices such as vegetarianism or...

2012-04-01

57

21 CFR 101.65 - Implied nutrient content claims and related label statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...absent from a product, provided that the purpose of such claim is to facilitate avoidance of the substances because of food allergies (see § 105.62 of this chapter), food intolerance, religious beliefs, or dietary practices such as vegetarianism or...

2011-04-01

58

21 CFR 101.65 - Implied nutrient content claims and related label statements.  

...absent from a product, provided that the purpose of such claim is to facilitate avoidance of the substances because of food allergies (see § 105.62 of this chapter), food intolerance, religious beliefs, or dietary practices such as vegetarianism or...

2014-04-01

59

The Aftermath of the Macondo Discovery Well Spill: The Interplay of Claims to the Gulf Coast Claims Facility and Insurance Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

The processing of claims for compensation arising from the April 20, 2010, explosion of the Deepwater Horizon offshore oil rig and its environmental and economic aftermath has proceeded simultaneously before the Gulf Coast Claims Facility and insurers. The criteria for recovery between these two recipients of claims differ significantly. Compensation from the facility has included claims for purely economic injury,

Dale E. Hausman; Laura A. Foggan

2011-01-01

60

10 CFR 782.5 - Contents of communication initiating claim.  

...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CLAIMS FOR PATENT AND COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT Requirements... (a) Requirements for claim. A patent or copyright infringement claim...compensation; (3) A citation of the patents or copyrighted items alleged to be...

2014-01-01

61

Research-Related Injury Compensation Policies of U.S. Research Institutions  

PubMed Central

Federal research regulations require participants to be informed about whether medical care or compensation for injury is available in more than minimal risk studies and prohibit language in informed consent documents that waives, or appears to waive, legal rights. The objectives of this study were to compare data collected in 2000 and 2012 to identify significant changes in types of institutional compensation policies at U.S. research institutions, and assess the relationship between institutional characteristics and different types of policies. We found that research-related injury compensation policies did not change substantially during the time period. A significant percentage of policies contain language that can be reasonably interpreted as waiving, or appearing to waive, legal rights. Level of funding, public vs. private status, and institutional involvement in clinical research were associated with different types of policies. The lack of substantial change in compensation policies supports arguments for a national policy.

Resnik, David B.; Parasidis, Efthimios; Carroll, Kelly; Evans, Jennifer M.; Pike, Elizabeth R.; Kissling, Grace E.

2014-01-01

62

The Relation of Carbon Dioxide Compensation and Chlorenchymatous Vascular Bundle Sheaths in Leaves of Dicots  

PubMed Central

Low CO2 compensation points have been found to be associated with several unusual characteristics related to photosynthesis. One such characteristic is a prominent, chlorenchymatous vascular bundle sheath in the leaves. It has been suggested that the presence of this sheath in dicotyledons can serve as a means of detecting low CO2-compensating species. We collected 88 dicotyledon species from 22 families reported to have chlorenchymatous sheaths. Of the 88, only three, Tribulus terrestris, L., Boerhaavia paniculata, L. C. Rich, and Trianthema portulacastrum L., had low CO2 compensation points. Cross sections of the leaves of the other species revealed that they did have chlorenchymatous vascular bundle sheaths. However, these sheath cells contained chloroplasts which were not specialized for starch formation as were the bundle sheath chloroplasts of the low CO2-compensating species. Images

Crookston, R. Kent; Moss, Dale N.

1970-01-01

63

21 CFR 101.65 - Implied nutrient content claims and related label statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ingredient associated with a nutrient benefit (e.g., âcorn oil margarine,â âoat bran muffins,â or âwhole wheat bagelsâ), unless such claim is made in a context in which label or labeling statements, symbols, vignettes, or other...

2010-04-01

64

21 CFR 101.65 - Implied nutrient content claims and related label statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ingredient associated with a nutrient benefit (e.g., âcorn oil margarine,â âoat bran muffins,â or âwhole wheat bagelsâ), unless such claim is made in a context in which label or labeling statements, symbols, vignettes, or other...

2009-04-01

65

21 CFR 101.65 - Implied nutrient content claims and related label statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...absent from a product, provided that the purpose of such claim is to facilitate avoidance of the substances because of food allergies (see § 105.62 of this chapter), food intolerance, religious beliefs, or dietary practices such as vegetarianism or...

2013-04-01

66

Paternity fraud and compensation for misattributed paternity  

PubMed Central

Claims for reimbursement of child support, the reversal of property settlements and compensation can arise when misattributed paternity is discovered. The ethical justifications for such claims seem to be related to the financial cost of bringing up children, the absence of choice about taking on these expenses, the hard work involved in child rearing, the emotional attachments that are formed with children, the obligation of women to make truthful claims about paternity, and the deception involved in infidelity. In this paper it is argued that there should not be compensation for infidelity and that reimbursement is appropriate where the claimant has made child support payments but has not taken on the social role of father. Where the claimant's behaviour suggests a social view of fatherhood, on the other hand, claims for compensation are less coherent. Where the genetic model of fatherhood dominates, the “other” man (the woman's lover and progenitor of the children) might also have a claim for the loss of the benefits of fatherhood. It is concluded that claims for reimbursement and compensation in cases of misattributed paternity produce the same distorted and thin view of what it means to be a father that paternity testing assumes, and underscores a trend that is not in the interests of children.

Draper, Heather

2007-01-01

67

Paternity fraud and compensation for misattributed paternity.  

PubMed

Claims for reimbursement of child support, the reversal of property settlements and compensation can arise when misattributed paternity is discovered. The ethical justifications for such claims seem to be related to the financial cost of bringing up children, the absence of choice about taking on these expenses, the hard work involved in child rearing, the emotional attachments that are formed with children, the obligation of women to make truthful claims about paternity, and the deception involved in infidelity. In this paper it is argued that there should not be compensation for infidelity and that reimbursement is appropriate where the claimant has made child support payments but has not taken on the social role of father. Where the claimant's behaviour suggests a social view of fatherhood, on the other hand, claims for compensation are less coherent. Where the genetic model of fatherhood dominates, the "other" man (the woman's lover and progenitor of the children) might also have a claim for the loss of the benefits of fatherhood. It is concluded that claims for reimbursement and compensation in cases of misattributed paternity produce the same distorted and thin view of what it means to be a father that paternity testing assumes, and underscores a trend that is not in the interests of children. PMID:17664309

Draper, Heather

2007-08-01

68

78 FR 39771 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Claim for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Claim for Compensation by a Dependent Information...will submit the Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) sponsored...revision titled, ``Claim for Compensation by a Dependent...

2013-07-02

69

The Relative Importance of Employer and Employee Effects on Compensation: A Comparison of France and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using individual data on compensation, matched with establishment and firm data on performance and inputs, we compare the French and American pay systems. The compensation measures are decomposed into components related to measured individual characteristics, establishment–enterprise effects, and a residual. In France, the compensation outcomes are more compressed than in the United States. For France, individual characteristics and establishment effects

John M. Abowd; Francis Kramarz; David N. Margolis; Kenneth R. Troske

2001-01-01

70

Relative Motion Compensation for Cargo Handling Operations: Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A literature search was performed to review technical documentation in the area of relative motion. The information obtained from this search was developed into an annotated bibliography. The bibliographies are presented alphabetically, grouped in the fol...

1991-01-01

71

Hysteresis compensation of a porous silicon relative humidity sensor using ANN technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a simple technique based on well-known multilayer perceptron (MLP) neural network with back propagation training algorithm for compensating the significant error due to hysteresis in a porous silicon relative humidity sensor. The porous silicon humidity sensor has been fabricated, and its hysteresis with increasing and decreasing relative humidity has been determined experimentally by a novel phase detection

Tariqul Islam; Hiranmay Saha

2006-01-01

72

ASSIGNED SHARES IN COMPENSATION FOR RADIATION-RELATED CANCERS  

EPA Science Inventory

The preparation of radioepidemiologic tables requires extensive mathematical modeling because matters such as sex, size of dose, age at exposure, type of cancer, and age at diagnosis must be taken into account. he limited data require many assumptions about the quantitative relat...

73

Trends in compensation for deaths from occupational cancer in Canada: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Background Occupational cancer is the leading cause of work-related deaths, yet it is often unrecognized and under reported, and associated claims for compensation go unfiled. We sought to examine trends in deaths from occupational cancer, high-risk industries and exposures, and commonly compensated categories of occupational cancers. In addition, we compared deaths from occupational lung cancer for which compensation had been given with total deaths from lung cancer. Methods We used data from the Association of Workers’ Compensation Boards of Canada pertaining to the nature and source of the injury or disease and the industry in which it occurred (by jurisdiction) to describe trends in compensated claims for deaths from occupational cancer in Canada for the period 1997–2010. We used data published by the Canadian Cancer Society in Canadian Cancer Statistics to compare compensated occupational lung cancer deaths with total estimated lung cancer deaths for the period between 2006 and 2010. Results Compensated claims for deaths from occupational cancer have increased in recent years and surpassed those for traumatic injuries and disorders in Canada, particularly in Ontario. Between 1997 and 2010, one-half of all compensated deaths from occupational cancer in Canada were from Ontario. High-risk industries for occupational cancer include manufacturing, construction, mining and, more recently, government services. Deaths from lung cancer and mesothelioma comprise most of the compensated claims for deaths from occupational cancer in Ontario and Canada. These diseases are usually the result of asbestos exposure. The burden of other occupational carcinogens is not reflected in claims data. Interpretation Although the number of accepted claims for deaths from occupational cancers has increased in recent years, these claims likely only represent a fraction of the true burden of this problem. Increased education of patients, workers at high risk of exposure and health care providers is needed to ensure that people with work-related cancer are identified and file a claim for compensation.

Del Bianco, Ann

2013-01-01

74

State Your Claim!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A short fictional work for limited English speakers relates a young couple's experience in learning about small claims court through an incident involving damage to the husband's leather jacket. The damage to the jacket occurred when it was left at a dry clearner, but the dry cleaner claims that it sent the jacket to a special cleaner that handles…

Thypin, Marilyn; Glasner, Lynne

75

Compensating Losses in Bridge Employment? Examining Relations between Compensation Strategies, Health Problems, and Intention to Remain at Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to better understand the precursors of bridge employment, this study aimed to investigate whether individual action strategies in terms of selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC; Baltes & Baltes, 1990) are able to buffer the well-known negative impact of poor health on the intention to remain in the workforce. 784 employees (60-85…

Muller, Andreas; De Lange, Annet; Weigl, Matthias; Oxfart, Caroline; Van der Heijden, Beatrice

2013-01-01

76

Malpractice claims for endoscopy  

PubMed Central

AIM: To summarize the magnitude and time trends of endoscopy-related claims and to compare total malpractice indemnity according to specialty and procedure. METHODS: We obtained data from a comprehensive database of closed claims from a trade association of professional liability insurance carriers, representing over 60% of practicing United States physicians. Total payments by procedure and year were calculated, and were adjusted for inflation (using the Consumer Price Index) to 2008 dollars. Time series analysis was performed to assess changes in the total value of claims for each type of procedure over time. RESULTS: There were 1901 endoscopy-related closed claims against all providers from 1985 to 2008. The specialties include: internal medicine (n = 766), gastroenterology (n = 562), general surgery (n = 231), general and family practice (n = 101), colorectal surgery (n = 87), other specialties (n = 132), and unknown (n = 22). Colonoscopy represented the highest frequencies of closed claims (n = 788) and the highest total indemnities ($54 093 000). In terms of mean claims payment, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) ranked the highest ($374??794) per claim. Internists had the highest number of total claims (n = 766) and total claim payment ($70??730??101). Only total claim payments for colonoscopy and ERCP seem to have increased over time. Indeed, there was an average increase of 15.5% per year for colonoscopy and 21.9% per year for ERCP after adjusting for inflation. CONCLUSION: There appear to be differences in malpractice coverage costs among specialties and the type of endoscopic procedure. There is also evidence for secular trend in total claim payments, with colonoscopy and ERCP costs rising yearly even after adjusting for inflation.

Hernandez, Lyndon V; Klyve, Dominic; Regenbogen, Scott E

2013-01-01

77

Incidence of catheter-related complications in patients with central venous or hemodialysis catheters: a health care claims database analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Central venous catheter (CVC) and hemodialysis (HD) catheter usage are associated with complications that occur during catheter insertion, dwell period, and removal. This study aims to identify and describe the incidence rates of catheter-related complications in a large patient population in a United States-based health care claims database after CVC or HD catheter placement. Methods Patients in the i3 InVision DataMart® health care claims database with at least 1 CVC or HD catheter insertion claim were categorized into CVC or HD cohorts using diagnostic and procedural codes from the US Renal Data System, American College of Surgeons, and American Medical Association’s Physician Performance Measures. Catheter-related complications were identified using published diagnostic and procedural codes. Incidence rates (IRs)/1000 catheter-days were calculated for complications including catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), thrombosis, embolism, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), major bleeding (MB), and mechanical catheter–related complications (MCRCs). Results Thirty percent of the CVC cohort and 54% of the HD cohort had catheter placements lasting <90 days. Catheter-related complications occurred most often during the first 90 days of catheter placement. IRs were highest for CRBSIs in both cohorts (4.0 [95% CI, 3.7-4.3] and 5.1 [95% CI, 4.7-5.6], respectively). Other IRs in CVC and HD cohorts, respectively, were thrombosis, 1.3 and 0.8; MCRCs, 0.6 and 0.7; embolism, 0.4 and 0.5; MB, 0.1 and 0.3; and ICH, 0.1 in both cohorts. Patients with cancer at baseline had significantly higher IRs for CRBSIs and thrombosis than non-cancer patients. CVC or HD catheter–related complications were most frequently seen in patients 16 years or younger. Conclusions The risk of catheter-related complications is highest during the first 90 days of catheter placement in patients with CVCs and HD catheters and in younger patients (?16 years of age) with HD catheters. Data provided in this study can be applied toward improving patient care.

2013-01-01

78

The Impact of Airbag Adoption on Relative Personal Injury and Absolute Collision Insurance Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact of airbag adoption on the relative injury and absolute collision loss data experiences of automotive vehicle lines. The data set consists of every automobile model for which overall injury data was published by the Highway Loss Data Institute (HLD) for the 1989-1991 model years. The empirical analysis in the article indicates that both relative injury

Steven P. Peterson; George E. Hoffer

1994-01-01

79

Improved word recognition for observers with age-related maculopathies using compensation filters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method for improving word recognition for people with age-related maculopathies, which cause a loss of central vision, is discussed. It is found that the use of individualized compensation filters based on an person's normalized contrast sensitivity function can improve word recognition for people with age-related maculopathies. It is shown that 27-70 pct more magnification is needed for unfiltered words compared to filtered words. The improvement in word recognition is positively correlated with the severity of vision loss.

Lawton, Teri B.

1988-01-01

80

38 CFR 3.152 - Claims for death benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Claims for death benefits. 3.152 Section 3.152...Compensation Claims § 3.152 Claims for death benefits. (a) A specific claim...3.153) must be filed in order for death benefits to be paid to any...

2013-07-01

81

Age-Related Impairment in Choroidal Blood Flow Compensation for Arterial Blood Pressure Fluctuation in Pigeons  

PubMed Central

Purpose. Choroidal vessels compensate for changes in systemic blood pressure (BP) so that choroidal blood flow (ChBF) remains stable over a BP range of approximately 40 mm Hg above and below basal. Because of the presumed importance of ChBF regulation for maintenance of retinal health, we investigated if ChBF compensation for BP fluctuation in pigeons fails with age. Methods. Transcleral laser Doppler flowmetry was used to measure ChBF during spontaneous BP fluctuation in anesthetized pigeons ranging in age from 0.5 to 17 years (pigeons can live approximately 20 years in captivity). Results. ChBF in <8-year-old pigeons remained near 100% of basal ChBF at BPs ranging 40 mm Hg above and below basal BP (95 mm Hg). Baroregulation failed below approximately 50 mm Hg BP. In ?8-year-old pigeons, ChBF compensation was absent at >90 mm Hg BP, with ChBF linearly following BP. Over the 60 to 90 mm Hg range, ChBF in ?8-year-old pigeons was maintained at 60–70% of young basal ChBF. Below approximately 55 mm Hg, baroregulation again followed BP linearly. Conclusions. Age-related ChBF baroregulatory impairment occurs in pigeons, with ChBF linear with above-basal BP, and ChBF failing to adequately maintain ChBF during below-basal BP. Defective autonomic sympathetic and parasympathetic neurogenic control, or defective myogenic control, may cause these baroregulatory defects. In either case, overperfusion during high BP may cause oxidative injury to the outer retina, whereas underperfusion during low BP may result in deficient nutrient supply and waste removal, with both abnormalities contributing to age-related retinal pathology and vision loss.

Del Mar, Nobel; Zagvazdin, Yuri; Li, Chunyan; Fitzgerald, Malinda E. C.

2011-01-01

82

Relaxation compensated and intensity recovered dynamics of cross polarization in the frame of reciprocity relation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Through combing the scheme of TORQUE (by Tekely et al.) with cross depolarization (CDP), we derived a relaxation compensated and intensity recovered Hartmann-Hahn CP dynamics in the frame of reciprocity relation. As a result, the CP dynamics of TORQUE (CP T1?Q( t)) emerges from the T1? damped dynamics and upon normalization of the intensities by the reciprocity relation, it is perfectly symmetric with respect to the CDP( t). Along with an enhancement factor of CP defined as ?( t) = [1-CDP(t)](?I/?) and a scaling factor between two peak intensities, ?(t')=PI(t')/PI T1?Q( t'), this method provides a convenient, robust, and quantitative measure of CP spectra.

Shu, Wenfang; Zhang, Shanmin

2011-08-01

83

Criterion-Related Validity of the Administrative Careers with America (ACWA) Group 5 Examination for Claims Representatives (GS105).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes research conducted by the Office of Personnel Management to document the validity and fairness of the Administrative Careers with America (ACWA) examination for Social Security Administration (SSA) Claims Representative, one of the ...

C. C. Diane C. N. Maclane

1994-01-01

84

Relative geometric projection method and argument rotation algorithm for compensation part of an image navigation and registration system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents two novel methods for compensation part of an Image Navigation and Registration System (INR). Relatively geometric projection method is applied to compensate the long-term deviations caused by the excursion of orbit. It transforms the view into the body frame of satellite and uses algebraic calculation instead of the trigonometric functions. The new method avoids the repetitious calculations of trigonometric function, and can clearly show the geometric relationships among satellites, optical vectors, and deviation of optical axis. Argument rotation algorithm is applied to compensate the short-term deviations cause by the change of attitude. It is realized by a multiplicative rotation model which describes rotation of rigid frame to a spin axis. The new algorithm discards the constrained equations and singular problems, directly shows the geometric images of spinning processes, and may useful to error estimation of compensation. Both methods are demonstrated by computer simulations to be effective and decrease the amount of calculation.

Ning, Yu; Wang, Zhigang; Li, Wei

2009-12-01

85

Compensation for relative velocity between needle and soft tissue for friction modeling in needle insertion.  

PubMed

Percutaneous therapies and in particular needle insertion treatments require an accurate model of needle-tissue interaction. Friction is a major interaction force component during needle insertion, and force-velocity mapping is an indicator of the interaction characteristics. However, soft tissue deformation is an inevitable and complex phenomenon that should be taken into account in order to correct the friction-velocity cycle. The main purpose of this study is to provide a means of compensating for the velocity of tissue with respect to a moving needle in the insertion direction. A high-gain observer is presented which can track this relative motion in a simple manner with no need for computer vision that may pose further challenges. To evaluate the performance of the velocity observer, experiments were carried out on gelatin and agar phantoms. PMID:23366053

Asadian, Ali; Patel, Rajni V; Kermani, Mehrdad R

2012-01-01

86

42 CFR 82.11 - For which claims under EEOICPA will NIOSH conduct a dose reconstruction?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES METHODS FOR...be a claim for a covered employee with cancer under DOL regulations at 20 CFR 30...Cohort seeking compensation for a specified cancer, as determined by DOL under 20 CFR...

2013-10-01

87

Compensation for research-related injury in NIH-sponsored HIV/AIDS clinical trials in Africa.  

PubMed

Concern has been voiced in the research ethics literature that under U.S. federal regulations U.S. sponsors, particularly the NIH, are not required to provide compensation for the treatment of research-related injury for trial participants or to allow grant funds to be used by investigators for appropriate insurance. This is problematic in developing country contexts because most participants are unlikely to have health insurance, resulting in overburdened and under-resourced health systems in many developing countries being responsible for providing care and treatment for research-related injury. This study provides preliminary insight into how respondent principal investigators of NIH-sponsored HIV/AIDS clinical trials in Africa and African research ethics committees deal with compensation for research-related injury. The majority of PIs surveyed provided free treatment for research-related injury, but few provided other forms of financial reparation to participants. The study also found that half of the PIs surveyed indicated that NIH funds were used for compensation, highlighting a contradiction between literature and practice. The majority of REC chairs surveyed indicated that their RECs routinely reviewed compensation plans for research-related injury and that their ethics application forms specifically requested information on compensation. Findings from one southern African country revealed that NIH funds were not used to provide treatment and/or financial reparation for research-related injury. Instead, PIs from this country relied on the government or the individual research participant (and/or their medical aid/health insurer) to cover the costs of research-related injury. The findings are discussed in the light of the recent (December 2011) U.S. Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethics report which recommends that research participants are morally entitled to compensation for research-related injury. PMID:23485670

Mamotte, Nicole; Wassenaar, Douglas; Singh, Nivedhna

2013-02-01

88

Scientific substantiation of a health claim pursuant related to dairy products (milk and cheese) and dental health to Article 14 of Regulation (EC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Following an application from National Dairy Council submitted pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 via the Competent Authority of Ireland, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to dairy foods (milk and cheese) and dental health. The scope of the

Jean-Louis Bresson; Albert Flynn; Marina Heinonen; Karin Hulshof; Hannu Korhonen; Pagona Lagiou; Rosangela Marchelli; Ambroise Martin; Bevan Moseley; Andreu Palou; Hildegard Przyrembel; Seppo Salminen; Stephan Strobel; Inge Tetens; Henk van den Berg; Hendrik van Loveren; Hans Verhagen

89

48 CFR 252.203-7000 - Requirements Relating to Compensation of Former DoD Officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Compensation of Former DoD Officials...As prescribed in 203.171-4(a), use the following...COMPENSATION OF FORMER DoD OFFICIALS... as used in this clause...or left DoD service on or after...financial or technical evaluation team for a...

2013-10-01

90

Innateness Claims in Psycholinguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While agreeing with psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic theories that suggest that innate language-related cognitive structures are the basis of language development, the author seeks to establish what it is that is innate and what is meant by innateness in the first place. The author considers the claims of psychological relevance made on behalf…

Lamendella, John T.

91

76 FR 37207 - Group Health Plans and Health Insurance Issuers: Rules Relating to Internal Claims and Appeals...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...jeopardize the life or health of the claimant...associations, including mental health providers who...commenters cited the Emergency Medical Treatment...claim by a group health plan. The Departments...commenters cited the Emergency Medical Treatment...requires emergency room care to be...

2011-06-24

92

76 FR 37037 - Requirements for Group Health Plans and Health Insurance Issuers Relating to Internal Claims and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, the IRS is issuing an amendment to temporary regulations published July 23, 2010 under the provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the Affordable Care Act) regarding internal claims and appeals and external review processes. The IRS is issuing the temporary regulations at the same time that the Employee Benefits Security......

2011-06-24

93

20 CFR 10.737 - How is a LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO claim?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO claim? 10.737 Section 10.737 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION...Provisions Non-Federal Law Enforcement Officers § 10.737 How is a LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO...

2013-04-01

94

20 CFR 10.912 - What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? 10.912 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.912 What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? Claim...

2013-04-01

95

Compensation conundrum.  

PubMed

Pressured by questions tabled in parliament that point to a lack of adequate enforcement of regulations, the DCG(I) has abruptly initiated action to ensure payment of compensation for trial-related injuries. While it is astounding that non-compliance to the existing regulations could have gone unnoticed by quality assurance staff as well as by the ethics committees and the regulator, for over six years, sudden enforcement of the regulation has thrown up issues and challenges that are difficult to resolve in the absence of an adequately debated and thought-through guidance. In implementing regulations for suo moto compensation, India is seeking to establish a practice not previously tested elsewhere in the world. There is no doubt that industry must support the idea of putting patients first, but procedural considerations in fixing causality and determining the quantum of compensation promise to raise questions of morality, ethics, and jurisprudence that will not be easy to answer. PMID:22347695

Mukherjee, Shoibal

2012-01-01

96

Compensation conundrum  

PubMed Central

Pressured by questions tabled in parliament that point to a lack of adequate enforcement of regulations, the DCG(I) has abruptly initiated action to ensure payment of compensation for trial-related injuries. While it is astounding that non-compliance to the existing regulations could have gone unnoticed by quality assurance staff as well as by the ethics committees and the regulator, for over six years, sudden enforcement of the regulation has thrown up issues and challenges that are difficult to resolve in the absence of an adequately debated and thought-through guidance. In implementing regulations for suo moto compensation, India is seeking to establish a practice not previously tested elsewhere in the world. There is no doubt that industry must support the idea of putting patients first, but procedural considerations in fixing causality and determining the quantum of compensation promise to raise questions of morality, ethics, and jurisprudence that will not be easy to answer.

Mukherjee, Shoibal

2012-01-01

97

Voltage sensing systems and methods for passive compensation of temperature related intrinsic phase shift  

DOEpatents

A small sized electro-optic voltage sensor capable of accurate measurement of high levels of voltages without contact with a conductor or voltage source is provided. When placed in the presence of an electric field, the sensor receives an input beam of electromagnetic radiation into the sensor. A polarization beam displacer serves as a filter to separate the input beam into two beams with orthogonal linear polarizations. The beam displacer is oriented in such a way as to rotate the linearly polarized beams such that they enter a Pockels crystal at a preferred angle of 45 degrees. The beam displacer is therefore capable of causing a linearly polarized beam to impinge a crystal at a desired angle independent of temperature. The Pockels electro-optic effect induces a differential phase shift on the major and minor axes of the input beam as it travels through the Pockels crystal, which causes the input beam to be elliptically polarized. A reflecting prism redirects the beam back through the crystal and the beam displacer. On the return path, the polarization beam displacer separates the elliptically polarized beam into two output beams of orthogonal linear polarization representing the major and minor axes. In crystals that introduce a phase differential attributable to temperature, a compensating crystal is provided to cancel the effect of temperature on the phase differential of the input beam. The system may include a detector for converting the output beams into electrical signals, and a signal processor for determining the voltage based on an analysis of the output beams. The output beams are amplitude modulated by the frequency of the electric field and the amplitude of the output beams is proportional to the magnitude of the electric field, which is related to the voltage being measured.

Davidson, James R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lassahn, Gordon D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2001-01-01

98

28 CFR 301.302 - Work-related death.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Work-related death. 301.302 Section 301.302 Judicial Administration...Compensation for Work-Related Physical Impairment or Death § 301.302 Work-related death. A claim for compensation as the result...

2013-07-01

99

76 FR 54256 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Claim...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the claim adjudication process. The medical specifications...comments to the OMB, Office of Information and Regulatory...mechanical, or other technological collection techniques...responses. Agency: Office of Worker Compensation...Claim Adjudication Process for Alleged...

2011-08-31

100

20 CFR 725.496 - Special claims transferred to the fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED CLAIMS FOR BENEFITS...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Responsible Coal Mine Operators § 725.496 Special claims...

2013-04-01

101

14 CFR 1245.205 - Processing of administrative claims.  

...NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PATENTS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement § 1245.205...relating to a claim or possible claim of patent or copyright infringement is...

2014-01-01

102

10 CFR 782.6 - Processing of administrative claims.  

...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CLAIMS FOR PATENT AND COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT Requirements...ATTN: Assistant General Counsel for Patents, Office of the General Counsel, U...relating to a claim or possible claim of patent or copyright infringement is...

2014-01-01

103

Malpractice claims following screening mammography in The Netherlands.  

PubMed

Although malpractice lawsuits are frequently related to a delayed breast cancer diagnosis in symptomatic patients, information on claims at European screening mammography programs is lacking. We determined the type and frequency of malpractice claims at a Dutch breast cancer screening region. We included all 85,274 women (351,009 screens) who underwent biennial screening mammography at a southern breast screening region in The Netherlands between 1997 and 2009. Two screening radiologists reviewed the screening mammograms of all screen detected cancers and interval cancers and determined whether the cancer had been missed at the previous screen or at the latest screen, respectively. We analyzed all correspondence between the screening organization, clinicians and screened women, and collected complaints and claims until September 2011. At review, 20.9% (308/1,475) of screen detected cancers and 24.3% (163/670) of interval cancers were considered to be missed at a previous screen. A total of 19 women (of which 2, 6 and 11 women had been screened between 1997 and 2001 (102,439 screens), 2001 and 2005 (114,740 screens) and 2005 and 2009 (133,830 screens), respectively) had contacted the screening organization for additional information about their screen detected cancer or interval cancer, but filed no claim. Three other women directly initiated an insurance claim for financial compensation of their interval cancer without previously having contacted the screening organization. We conclude that screening-related claims were rarely encountered, although many screen detected cancers and interval cancers had been missed at a previous screen. A small but increasing proportion of women sought additional information about their breast cancer from the screening organization. PMID:22173962

van Breest Smallenburg, Vivian; Setz-Pels, Wikke; Groenewoud, Johanna H; Voogd, Adri C; Jansen, Frits H; Louwman, Marieke W J; Tielbeek, Alexander V; Duijm, Lucien E M

2012-09-15

104

76 FR 44491 - Group Health Plans and Health Insurance Issuers: Rules Relating to Internal Claims and Appeals...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...0938-AQ66 Group Health Plans and Health Insurance Issuers: Rules Relating to...Group Health Plans and Health Insurance Issuers: Rules Relating to...Group Health Plans and Health Insurance Issuers: Rules Relating...

2011-07-26

105

Are systemizing and autistic traits related to talent and interest in mathematics and engineering? Testing some of the central claims of the empathizing-systemizing theory.  

PubMed

In two experiments, we tested some of the central claims of the empathizing-systemizing (E-S) theory. Experiment 1 showed that the systemizing quotient (SQ) was unrelated to performance on a mathematics test, although it was correlated with statistics-related attitudes, self-efficacy, and anxiety. In Experiment 2, systemizing skills, and gender differences in these skills, were more strongly related to spatial thinking styles than to SQ. In fact, when we partialled the effect of spatial thinking styles, SQ was no longer related to systemizing skills. Additionally, there was no relationship between the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) and the SQ, or skills and interest in mathematics and mechanical reasoning. We discuss the implications of our findings for the E-S theory, and for understanding the autistic cognitive profile. PMID:23034108

Morsanyi, Kinga; Primi, Caterina; Handley, Simon J; Chiesi, Francesca; Galli, Silvia

2012-11-01

106

Job Performance Failure and Occupational Carpal Tunnel Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of one job type from one firm (to hold job tasks and sick leave\\/disability policy constant), we estimate the effect of demographic variables, job performance warnings, and workers' compensation benefits on the propensity to file a carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) loss work-time claim. We find that disciplinary notices increase the employees' propensity to file a CTS claim.

Richard J. Butler; Hui Liao

2002-01-01

107

Workers' Compensation and Teacher Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the Workers' Compensation system and teacher stress to determine if a burned-out teacher should be eligible for Workers' Compensation benefits. Concludes that although most states do not allow Workers' Compensation benefits to burned-out teachers, compensation should be granted because the injuries are real and work-related. (Contains 48…

Nisbet, Michael K.

1999-01-01

108

Evaluating a Surprising Claim  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A television advertisement and a website present an interesting question: can rail company CSX "really" move a ton of freight 468 miles on a gallon of fuel, or is the claim preposterous? Let us examine the claim, first by understanding what is meant, looking at their data, and then converting units to examine the claim quantitatively.

Hayden, Howard C.

2013-01-01

109

75 FR 43109 - Requirements for Group Health Plans and Health Insurance Issuers Relating to Internal Claims and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requirements for Group Health Plans and Health Insurance Issuers Relating to Internal...respect to group health plans and health insurance coverage offered in connection...employers, group health plans, and health insurance issuers providing group...

2010-07-23

110

Beam experiments related to the head-on beam-beam compensation project at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

Beam experiments have been performed in RHIC to determine some key parameters of the RHIC electron lenses, and to test the capability of verifying lattice modifications by beam measurements. We report the status and recent results of these experiments. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) consists of two superconducting storage rings that intersect at six locations around its circumference. Beams collide in interaction points (IPs) 6 and 8, which are equipped with the detectors STAR and PHENIX, respectively (Fig. 1). With the polarized proton working point constrained between 2/3 and 7/10 to achieve good luminosity lifetime and maintain polarization, the proton bunch intensity is limited to 2 {center_dot} 10{sup 11} protons per bunch by the resulting beam-beam tuneshift. To overcome this limitation, installation of an electron lens in IP 10 is foreseen to partially compensate the beam-beam effect and reduce the beam-beam tuneshift parameter. As part of this project, beam experiments are being performed at RHIC to determine key parameters of the electron lens as well as to verify lattice modifications.

Montag, C.; Bai, M.; Drees, A.; Fischer, W.; Marusic, A.; Wang, G.

2011-03-28

111

29 CFR 15.211 - How is a claim under this subpart processed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...constitutes a demand for compensation from the Department. A sample claim, located on the Department's Office of the Solicitor...Compensation Division Web site at www.dol.gov, is provided for convenience of filing. The SF-95 form used to file a claim under...

2013-07-01

112

Recommendations on health-related quality of life research to support labeling and promotional claims in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health-related quality of life (HRQL) outcomes evaluation is becoming an important component of clinical trials of new pharmaceuticals\\u000a and medical devices. HRQL research provides patients, providers, and decision makers with important information on the impact\\u000a of disease and treatment on physical, psychological, and social functioning and well-being. These outcomes are also useful\\u000a to the pharmaceutical and device industries as they

D. A. Revicki; D. Osoba; D. Fairclough; I. Barofsky; R. Berzon; N. K. Leidy; M. Rothman

2000-01-01

113

Swedish consumers' cognitive approaches to nutrition claims and health claims  

PubMed Central

Introduction and Aim Studies show frequent use of nutrition claims and health claims in consumers' choice of food products. The aim of the present study was to investigate how consumers' thoughts about these claims and food products are affected by various types of food-related experiences. Material and Methods The data collection comprised 30 individual interviews among Swedish consumers aged 25 to 64 years. Results The results indicated that participants who expressed special concern for their own and their families' health were eager to find out the meaning of concepts and statements made. A lack of understanding and lack of credibility of concepts and expressions often caused suspicion of the product. However, in some cases this was counterbalanced by confidence in manufacturers, retailers, and/or the Swedish food legislation. Discussion and Conclusion To achieve effective written communication of food products' health-conducive properties on food labels, there is a need to consider the importance many consumers attach to understanding the meaning of concepts and expressions used and the importance of credibility in certain expressions. Consumers' varying cognitive approaches are suggested as a basis for pre-tests of nutrition claims and health claims.

Svederberg, Eva; Wendin, Karin

2011-01-01

114

[Calculation of disease-related costs in claims data analyses with the example of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Comparison of methods].  

PubMed

Claims data have proven useful for carrying out cost-of-illness studies. To avoid overestimating disease-related costs, only those costs that are related to a specific disease should be considered. The present study demonstrates two basic approaches for identifying disease-related costs. Using the example of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the advantages and drawbacks of expert-based approaches and those based on control groups are compared. Anonymized data from the "Techniker Krankenkasse" for 2008 were available for the study. The study population encompassed all ADHD patients and a control group that was five times bigger. Additionally, a systematic literature review was carried out on 65 relevant studies. Compared with the control group, disease-related costs were EUR 2,902 per ADHD patient on average. However, using the expert-based approach, costs were established to be EUR 923 lower. This is mainly because a comparison with an appropriate control group incorporates all costs for possible comorbidities and concomitant diseases. Both approaches have specific advantages and drawbacks, and when planning studies the respective limitations need to be considered. PMID:23455561

Zeidler, J; Lange, A; Braun, S; Linder, R; Engel, S; Verheyen, F; Graf von der Schulenburg, J-M

2013-03-01

115

28 CFR Appendix C to Part 79 - Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Offset Worksheet-On Site Participants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Offset...CONTINUED) CLAIMS UNDER THE RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION ACT Pt. 79, App. C Appendix C to Part 79âRadiation Exposure Compensation Act...

2013-07-01

116

28 CFR 301.318 - Civilian compensation laws distinguished.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION Compensation for Work-Related Physical Impairment... The Inmate Accident Compensation...provisions of the Inmate Accident Compensation...have sustained work-related injuries,...

2010-07-01

117

28 CFR 301.318 - Civilian compensation laws distinguished.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION Compensation for Work-Related Physical Impairment... The Inmate Accident Compensation...provisions of the Inmate Accident Compensation...have sustained work-related injuries,...

2009-07-01

118

Nutritional status in relation to lifestyle in patients with compensated viral cirrhosis  

PubMed Central

AIM: To assess the nourishment status and lifestyle of non-hospitalized patients with compensated cirrhosis by using noninvasive methods. METHODS: The subjects for this study consisted of 27 healthy volunteers, 59 patients with chronic viral hepatitis, and 74 patients with viral cirrhosis, from urban areas. We assessed the biochemical blood tests, anthropometric parameters, diet, lifestyle and physical activity of the patients. A homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) value of ? 2.5 was considered to indicate insulin resistance. We measured height, weight, waist circumference, arm circumference, triceps skin-fold thickness, and handgrip strength, and calculated body mass index, arm muscle circumference (AMC), and arm muscle area (AMA). We interviewed the subjects about their dietary habits and lifestyle using health assessment computer software. We surveyed daily physical activity using a pedometer. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression modeling were used to identify the relevant factors for insulin resistance. RESULTS: The rate of patients with HOMA-IR ? 2.5 (which was considered to indicate insulin resistance) was 14 (35.9%) in the chronic hepatitis and 17 (37.8%) in the cirrhotic patients. AMC (%) (control vs chronic hepatitis, 111.9% ± 10.5% vs 104.9% ± 10.7%, P = 0.021; control vs cirrhosis, 111.9% ± 10.5% vs 102.7% ± 10.8%, P = 0.001) and AMA (%) (control vs chronic hepatitis, 128.2% ± 25.1% vs 112.2% ± 22.9%, P = 0.013; control vs cirrhosis, 128.2% ± 25.1% vs 107.5% ± 22.5%, P = 0.001) in patients with chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis were significantly lower than in the control subjects. Handgrip strength (%) in the cirrhosis group was significantly lower than in the controls (control vs cirrhosis, 92.1% ± 16.2% vs 66.9% ± 17.6%, P < 0.001). The results might reflect a decrease in muscle mass. The total nutrition intake and amounts of carbohydrates, protein and fat were not significantly different amongst the groups. Physical activity levels (kcal/d) (control vs cirrhosis, 210 ± 113 kcal/d vs 125 ± 74 kcal/d, P = 0.001), number of steps (step/d) (control vs cirrhosis, 8070 ± 3027 step/d vs 5789 ± 3368 step/d, P = 0.011), and exercise (Ex) (Ex/wk) (control vs cirrhosis, 12.4 ± 9.3 Ex/wk vs 7.0 ± 7.7 Ex/wk, P = 0.013) in the cirrhosis group was significantly lower than the control group. The results indicate that the physical activity level of the chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis groups were low. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression modeling suggested that Ex was associated with insulin resistance (odds ratio, 6.809; 95% CI, 1.288-36.001; P = 0.024). The results seem to point towards decreased physical activity being a relevant factor for insulin resistance. CONCLUSION: Non-hospitalized cirrhotic patients may need to maintain an adequate dietary intake and receive lifestyle guidance to increase their physical activity levels.

Hayashi, Fumikazu; Momoki, Chika; Yuikawa, Miho; Simotani, Yuko; Kawamura, Etsushi; Hagihara, Atsushi; Fujii, Hideki; Kobayashi, Sawako; Iwai, Shuji; Morikawa, Hiroyasu; Enomoto, Masaru; Tamori, Akihiro; Kawada, Norifumi; Ohfuji, Satoko; Fukusima, Wakaba; Habu, Daiki

2012-01-01

119

Occupational lead poisoning in Ohio: surveillance using worker's compensation data  

SciTech Connect

To determine the utility of workers' compensation (WC) data in a system for the surveillance of occupational lead poisoning, we reviewed workers' compensation claims for lead poisoning in Ohio. For the period 1979 through 1983, 92(81 per cent) of the 114 claims attributed to lead met our case definition of lead poisoning. The likelihood that a company had a case of lead poisoning was strongly correlated with the number of claims against the company. Thirty companies accounted for the 92 cases; two companies accounted for 49 per cent of these. Inspection by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) occurred at 14 of these companies, all of which were cited for violations of the OSHA lead standard. Comparison of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes for the 14 companies inspected by OSHA with the 15 companies not inspected by OSHA revealed that OSHA inspected battery manufacturers, non-ferrous foundries, secondary smelters, and primary lead smelters, but not bridge painters, manufacturers of electronic components, mechanical power transmission equipment, pumps, and paints, nor a sheriff's office where firing range slugs were remelted to make new bullets. Neither the number of cases of lead poisoning at a company nor the size of a company was related to the likelihood of being inspected by OSHA. Claims for WC appear to be useful adjunct to an occupational lead poisoning surveillance system; their usefulness should be compared to that of other systems such as laboratory reports of elevated blood lead levels in adults.

Seligman, P.J.; Halperin, W.E.; Mullan, R.J.; Frazier, T.M.

1986-11-01

120

Gibbardian libertarian claims revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two resolution schemes for the impossibility theorems on the Gibbard-Kelly claims of libertarian rights, which are rather contrasting with each other, are proposed and their implications discussed. The first scheme asserts that there exists a collective choice rule satisfying the Pareto principle and the Gibbard-Kelly libertarian claims if there exists at least one socially unconcerned individual. The second scheme asserts

K. Suzumura; K. Suga

1986-01-01

121

Handbook of Veterinary Claims.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual serves as a guide for claims officers and appointed investigating veterinarians of other experts to process claims for damage to domestic animals, fowl, fish and wildlife. It explains the role of the United States Air Force Occupational and En...

J. E. Milligan B. W. Martin C. E. Thalken

1983-01-01

122

Formalizing Probabilistic Safety Claims  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A safety claim for a system is a statement that the system, which is subject to hazardous conditions, satisfies a given set of properties. Following work by John Rushby and Bev Littlewood, this paper presents a mathematical framework that can be used to state and formally prove probabilistic safety claims. It also enables hazardous conditions, their uncertainties, and their interactions to be integrated into the safety claim. This framework provides a formal description of the probabilistic composition of an arbitrary number of hazardous conditions and their effects on system behavior. An example is given of a probabilistic safety claim for a conflict detection algorithm for aircraft in a 2D airspace. The motivation for developing this mathematical framework is that it can be used in an automated theorem prover to formally verify safety claims.

Herencia-Zapana, Heber; Hagen, George E.; Narkawicz, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

123

Neural correlates of age-related decline and compensation in visual attention capacity.  

PubMed

We identified neural correlates of declined and preserved basic visual attention functions in aging individuals based on Bundesen "Theory of Visual Attention". In an interindividual difference approach, we contrasted electrophysiology of higher- and lower-performing younger and older participants. In both age groups, the same distinct components indexed performance levels of parameters visual processing speed C and visual short-term memory storage capacity K. The posterior N1 marked interindividual differences in C and the contralateral delay activity marked interindividual differences in K. Moreover, both parameters were selectively related to 2 further event-related potential waves in older age. The anterior N1 was reduced for older participants with lower processing speed, indicating that age-related loss of attentional resources slows encoding. An enhanced right-central positivity was found only for older participants with high storage capacity, suggesting compensatory recruitment for retaining visual short-term memory performance. Together, our results demonstrate that attentional capacity in older age depends on both preservation and successful reorganization of the underlying brain circuits. PMID:24684790

Wiegand, Iris; Töllner, Thomas; Dyrholm, Mads; Müller, Hermann J; Bundesen, Claus; Finke, Kathrin

2014-09-01

124

29 CFR 553.221 - Compensable hours of work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Tour of Duty and Compensable Hours of Work Rules § 553.221 Compensable hours of work. (a) The general rules on compensable hours of work are set forth in 29...is claimed. Special rules for sleep time (§ 553.222)...

2009-07-01

125

29 CFR 553.221 - Compensable hours of work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Tour of Duty and Compensable Hours of Work Rules § 553.221 Compensable hours of work. (a) The general rules on compensable hours of work are set forth in 29...is claimed. Special rules for sleep time (§ 553.222)...

2010-07-01

126

20 CFR 10.15 - May compensation rights be waived?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED General Provisions Rights and Penalties § 10.15 May compensation rights be waived? No employer...enter into any agreement, either before or after an injury or death, to waive his or her right to claim compensation under the...

2013-04-01

127

Back from the Brink--Controlling Worker's Compensation Costs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Worker's Compensation premiums at a New Jersey school district had risen 131% in only three years, and the insurance carrier informed the district that coverage would be dropped. A plan to reduce worker's compensation costs evolved on three fronts--administrative direction, rules concerning compensation claims, and safety issues. (MLF)

Saylor, Joan Nesenkar

1995-01-01

128

46 CFR 327.4 - Claim requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...claimant. The statements made in the claim should be made to the best of the knowledge of the claimant and are subject to...explaining why the United States is liable for this claim; (v) Pictures, video recordings and other physical evidence related to...

2013-10-01

129

Prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder among victims of violence applying for state compensation.  

PubMed

Many studies have focused on the predictive value of victims' emotions experienced shortly after violence exposure to identify those vulnerable for development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, many victims remain unidentified during the initial recovery phase, yet may still be highly in need of psychological help after substantial time since victimization has passed. Professionals involved in the settlement of civil damage claims filed by victims of violence may play an important role in referring victims with current psychological problems to appropriate treatment services, as they are likely to maintain relations with victims until all compensation possibilities have been exhausted. As an exploratory examination of this topic, the current study investigates the potential utility of file characteristics as predictors of chronic PTSD among 686 victims of violence who had applied for state compensation with the Dutch Victim Compensation Fund (DVCF) in 2006. Identification of significant predictors is preceded by estimating prevalence rates of PTSD. Results indicate that approximately 1 of 2 victims applying for state compensation in the Netherlands still have PTSD many years after victimization and claim settlement. Age, female sex, time since victimization, acquaintance with the perpetrator, violence-related hospitalization, and compensation for immaterial damage prove to be predictive of PTSD, although female sex and immaterial damage compensation fail to reach significance after adjusting for recalled peritraumatic distress severity. Implications for policy practice as well as strengths and limitations of the study are discussed. PMID:20501900

Kunst, Maarten; Winkel, Frans Willem; Bogaerts, Stefan

2010-09-01

130

Do outcomes differ between work and non-work-related injury in a universal injury compensation system? Findings from the New Zealand Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study  

PubMed Central

Background Poorer recovery outcomes for workers injured in a work setting, as opposed to a non-work setting, are commonly attributed to differences in financial gain via entitlement to compensation by injury setting (ie. workers compensation schemes). To date, this attribution hasn’t been tested in a situation where both work and non-work-related injuries have an equivalent entitlement to compensation. This study tests the hypothesis that there will be no differences in recovery outcomes for workers by injury setting (work and non-work) within a single universal entitlement injury compensation scheme. Methods Workforce active participants from the Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study (POIS) cohort were followed up at 3- and 12-months following injury. Participants who were injured in the period June 2007- May 2009 were recruited from New Zealand’s universal entitlement injury compensation scheme managed by the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC). An analysis of ten vocational, disability, functional and psychological recovery outcomes was undertaken by injury setting. Modified Poisson regression analyses were undertaken to examine the relationship between injury setting and recovery outcomes. Results Of 2092 eligible participants, 741 (35%) had sustained an injury in a work setting. At 3 months, workers with work-related injuries had an elevated risk of work absence however, this difference disappeared after controlling for confounding variables (adjusted RR 1.10, 95% CI 0.94-1.29). By 12 months, workers with work-related injuries had poorer recovery outcomes with a higher risk of absence from work (aRR 1.37, 95% CI 1.10-1.70), mobility-related functional problems (aRR 1.35, 95% CI 1.14-1.60), disability (aRR 1.32, 95% CI 1.04-1.68) and impaired functioning related to anxiety/depression (aRR 1.21, 95% CI 1.00-1.46). Conclusion Our study, comparing recovery outcomes for workers by injury setting within a single universal entitlement injury compensation scheme, found mixed support for the hypothesis tested. After adjustment for possible covariates recovery outcomes did not differ by injury setting at 3 months following injury, however, by 12 months vocational, disability and some functional outcomes, were poorer for workers with work-related injuries. Given our findings, and other potential mechanisms for poorer outcomes for workers with work-related injuries, further research beyond differences in entitlement to compensation should be undertaken to inform future interventions.

2013-01-01

131

Bogus Weight Loss Claims  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Real World Learning Objects Library presents a project that incorporates the real-life experience of false advertising in weight loss miracles and the science behind such claims. Under the guise of helping the FDA police such bogus claims of "quick fix" weight loss pills or secrets, students have the opportunity to apply biology and other earth sciences to consider a claim and disprove it. The activity includes detailed instructions, learning objects, assessment guides, and a list of further resources for more information. The activity is ideal for teachers seeking to develop in class or take home assignments and activities, or for students designing their own projects.

Battles, Carol

2009-11-19

132

Compensation Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress, the news media, and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) continue to cast a wary eye on the compensation of nonprofit leaders. Hence, any college or university board that falls short of IRS expectations in its procedures for setting the president's compensation is putting the president, other senior officials, and board members at…

Roady, Celia

2008-01-01

133

Guidelines for Investigating Malpractice Claims - A Claims Officer's Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A brief guideline for the new Claims Officer on how to investigate medical malpractice claims. From the vantage point of a former base Claims Officer, it provides a practical description of the investigation process, including tips on interviewing physici...

B. C. Vassey

1984-01-01

134

21 CFR 101.71 - Health claims: claims not authorized.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Health claims: claims not authorized. 101...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD...FOOD LABELING Specific Requirements for Health Claims § 101.71 Health...

2014-04-01

135

The Norwegian system of compensation to patients.  

PubMed

In Norway we have come to the conclusion that a traditional compensation law based on negligence is not the right "tool" for handling difficult questions as to whether or not a patient shall get compensation if required after medical treatment or other forms of contact with the medical profession. The compensation scheme established in 1988 involving the public sector of the Norwegian health care system has received almost 18000 claims since Jan 1 1988, and has paid out more than 1.2 billion NOK (137 million US$) in compensation during these years. At the same time, the number of compensation claims brought before the courts has decreased. After 13 years of a provisional scheme dealing with patient injury compensation based on no-fault rules, we find that compensation claims indeed can be handled without focus on blame and negligence, and that this ensures both that the patients get equitable compensation and that unnecessary legal procedures are avoided. The system also has had a favourable impact on interaction within the health care sector and upon relationships between health care personnel and patients. PMID:15795996

Jørstad, Rolf Gunnar

2002-01-01

136

Federal Tort Claims Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This casebook is a compilation of cases and materials on the Federal Tort Claims Act designed to provide source material for students at The Judge Advocate General's School. These materials are not official Department of the Army policy. The organization ...

1999-01-01

137

32 CFR 1645.7 - Evaluation of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION OF MINISTERS OF RELIGION § 1645.7 Evaluation of claim. (a) In evaluating a claim for classification in Class 4-D, the board will not...

2013-07-01

138

45 CFR 506.17 - Rate of and basis for award of compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Compensation allowed a prisoner of war during the Vietnam conflict under section 6(f)(2) of the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended...Compensation allowed a prisoner of war during the Vietnam conflict under section...

2013-10-01

139

CPU/GPU near real-time preprocessing for ZY-3 satellite images: Relative radiometric correction, MTF compensation, and geocorrection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ZY-3 is the first high-accuracy civil stereo-mapping optical satellite of China. It greatly improves China's optical satellite image resolution with a boom in data volume, calling for new challenges in processing real-time applications. On the other hand, using central processing unit (CPU)/graphic processing unit (GPU) to resolve data-intensive remote sensing problems becomes a hot issue. In this paper, we present an approach for CPU/GPU near real-time preprocessing of ZY-3 satellite images, focusing on three key processors: relative radiometric correction (RRC), modulation transfer function compensation (MTFC), and geocorrection (GC). First, basic GPU implementation issues are addressed to make the processors capable of processing with GPU. Second, three effective GPU specific optimizations are applied for further improvement of the GPU performance. Furthermore, to fully exploit the CPU's computing horsepower within the system, a CPU/GPU workload distribution scheme is proposed, in which CPU undertakes partial computation to share the workloads of GPU. The experimental result shows that our approach achieved an overall 48.84-fold speedup ratio in ZY-3 nadir image preprocessing (the corresponding run time is 11.60 s for one image), which is capable of meeting the requirement of near real-time response to the applications that follow. In addition, with the supportability of IEEE 754-2008 floating-point standard in the Fermi type GPU, preprocessing ZY-3 images with our CPU/GPU processors could maintain the quality of image preprocess as done traditionally with CPU processors.

Fang, Liuyang; Wang, Mi; Li, Deren; Pan, Jun

2014-01-01

140

Nutrient Content Claims  

MedlinePLUS

... Low sodium: 140 mg of sodium or less Reduced sodium or less sodium: at least 25% less sodium than the regular version Claims for Cholesterol Cholesterol free: less than 2 mg per serving Low cholesterol: 20 mg or less Reduced cholesterol or less cholesterol: at least 25% less ...

141

Age-Related Differences in Goals: Testing Predictions from Selection, Optimization, and Compensation Theory and Socioemotional Selectivity Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two prominent theories of lifespan development, socioemotional selectivity theory and selection, optimization, and compensation theory, make similar predictions for differences in the goal representations of younger and older adults. Our purpose was to test whether the goals of younger and older adults differed in ways predicted by these two…

Penningroth, Suzanna L.; Scott, Walter D.

2012-01-01

142

20 CFR 725.309 - Additional claims; effect of a prior denial of benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED CLAIMS FOR BENEFITS...notify the Secretary of Labor and, where appropriate, the coal mine operator, and all duplicate payments made...

2013-04-01

143

9 CFR 50.14 - Claims not allowed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.14 Claims...compensation for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis will not be allowed in any of the following...claimant's herd have not been tested for tuberculosis under APHIS or State...

2010-01-01

144

9 CFR 50.14 - Claims not allowed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.14 Claims...compensation for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis will not be allowed in any of the following...claimant's herd have not been tested for tuberculosis under APHIS or State...

2011-01-01

145

9 CFR 50.14 - Claims not allowed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.14 Claims...compensation for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis will not be allowed in any of the following...claimant's herd have not been tested for tuberculosis under APHIS or State...

2012-01-01

146

9 CFR 50.14 - Claims not allowed.  

...DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.14 Claims...compensation for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis will not be allowed in any of the following...claimant's herd have not been tested for tuberculosis under APHIS or State...

2014-01-01

147

46 CFR 310.9 - Medical attention and injury claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...attached or on call to the school. During the cruise, the School shall assign a medical officer to the Training Ship. (b) Compensation claims of Cadets...personnel of the School, and of the Training Ship may avail themselves of any...

2013-10-01

148

Employee Compensation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of selected literature about employee compensation. Highlights include the foundations of reward and recognition systems, incentive plans, problems with merit pay, a historical perspective on performance pay, evaluation criteria and processes, self-rating, job motivation and satisfaction, employee attitudes, collective…

Osif, Bonnie A.; Harwood, Richard L.

1995-01-01

149

The Compensation Act 2006 and School Trips  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Compensation Act 2006 received its Royal Assent on 25 July 2006. The Act allows the courts to have regard to the social utility of "desirable activities", including school trips, in considering negligence claims. The article reviews the law of negligence as it affects teachers of the very young and considers the possible impact of the…

Hunter-Jones, John

2006-01-01

150

Dosage compensation in birds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Z and W sex chromosomes of birds have evolved independently from the mammalian X and Y chromosomes [1]. Unlike mammals, female birds are heterogametic (ZW), while males are homogametic (ZZ). Therefore male birds, like female mammals, carry a double dose of sex-linked genes relative to the other sex. Other animals with nonhomologous sex chromosomes possess “dosage compensation” systems to

Heather A McQueen; Derek McBride; Gino Miele; Adrian P Bird; Michael Clinton

2001-01-01

151

Hepatocellular carcinoma screening in patients with compensated hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis aware of their HCV status improves survival: a modeling approach.  

PubMed

Because of the ongoing debate on the benefit of ultrasound (US) screening for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we assessed the impact of screening on hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related compensated cirrhosis patients aware of their HCV status. A Markov model simulated progression from HCC diagnosis to death in 700 patients with HCV-related compensated cirrhosis aware of their HCV status to estimate life expectancy (LE) and cumulative death at 5 years. Five scenarios were compared: S1, no screening; S2, screening by currently existing practices (57% access and effectiveness leading to the diagnosis of 42% at Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage [BCLC-0/A]); S3, S2 with increased access (97%); S4, S2 with an efficacy of screening close to that achieved in a randomized controlled trial leading to the diagnosis of 87% of patients at stage BCLC-0/A; S5, S3+S4. The analysis was corrected for lead-time bias. Currently existing practices of HCC screening increased LE by 11 months and reduced HCC mortality at 5 years by 6% compared to no screening (P?=?0.0013). Compared to current screening practices, we found that: 1) increasing the rate of access to screening would increase LE by 7 months and reduce HCC mortality at 5 years by 5% (P?=?0.045); 2) optimal screening would increase LE by 14 months and reduce HCC mortality at 5 years by 9% (P?=?0.0002); 3) the combination of an increased rate of access and optimal effectiveness of HCC screening would increase LE by 31 months and decrease HCC mortality at 5 years by 20% (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: The present study shows that US screening for HCC in patients with compensated HCV-related cirrhosis aware of their HCV status improves survival and emphasizes the crucial role of screening effectiveness. PMID:24677195

Mourad, Abbas; Deuffic-Burban, Sylvie; Ganne-Carrié, Nathalie; Renaut-Vantroys, Thibaud; Rosa, Isabelle; Bouvier, Anne-Marie; Launoy, Guy; Cattan, Stephane; Louvet, Alexandre; Dharancy, Sébastien; Trinchet, Jean-Claude; Yazdanpanah, Yazdan; Mathurin, Philippe

2014-04-01

152

20 CFR 704.301 - Administration; compensation districts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Administration; compensation districts. 704.301 Section 704...ACT AND RELATED STATUTES SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR LHWCA EXTENSIONS...Administration; compensation districts. For the purpose of administration...this Act, the compensation districts established under...

2013-04-01

153

20 CFR 704.401 - Administration; compensation districts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Administration; compensation districts. 704.401 Section 704...ACT AND RELATED STATUTES SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR LHWCA EXTENSIONS...Administration; compensation districts. For the purpose of administration...Alaska, the compensation districts established for...

2013-04-01

154

20 CFR 704.201 - Administration; compensation districts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Administration; compensation districts. 704.201 Section 704...ACT AND RELATED STATUTES SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR LHWCA EXTENSIONS District of Columbia Workmen's Compensation...Administration; compensation districts. For the purpose of...

2013-04-01

155

20 CFR 701.201 - Office of Workers' Compensation Programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Office of Workers' Compensation Programs. 701.201...LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES...USE OF TERMS Office of Workers' Compensation Programs § 701.201...

2009-04-01

156

20 CFR 701.201 - Office of Workers' Compensation Programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Office of Workers' Compensation Programs. 701.201...LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES...USE OF TERMS Office of Workers' Compensation Programs § 701.201...

2010-04-01

157

Occupational skin diseases in Washington State, 1989 through 1993: using workers' compensation data to identify cutaneous hazards.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize occupational dermatoses and cutaneous hazards. METHODS: Workers' compensation claims filed for skin disease in the Washington State Fund were analyzed for 1989 through 1993; incidence rates for industries and employers were calculated, and cutaneous hazards associated with the highest rates were identified. RESULTS: A total of 7445 claims were filed for skin disorders, principally contact dermatitis; 675 (9.1%) involved more than 3 missed work-days. The rate of accepted skin disorder claims was 1.0 per 1000 full-time employee-years. The highest incidence rates (4.6 to 30.7 accepted claims per 1000 full-time employee-years) were in certain manufacturing industries (plastics related, concrete products, aircraft parts, sporting goods, and boat building), wholesale farm product raw materials, automotive glass replacement, and beauty shops. Seven of the 10 employers with the highest incidence rates (19.6 to 85.5 accepted claims per 1000 full-time employee-years) used fiber-reinforced plastics (composites) and exposed workers to epoxy and other resin systems associated with contact dermatitis. CONCLUSIONS: Workers' compensation data identify known and emerging workplace cutaneous hazards and show promise for targeting prevention efforts.

Kaufman, J D; Cohen, M A; Sama, S R; Shields, J W; Kalat, J

1998-01-01

158

Device evaluation and coverage policy in workers' compensation: examples from Washington State.  

PubMed

Workers' compensation health benefits are broader than general health benefits and include payment for medical and rehabilitation costs, associated indemnity (lost time) costs, and vocational rehabilitation (return-to-work) costs. In addition, cost liability is for the life of the claim (injury), rather than for each plan year. We examined device evaluation and coverage policy in workers' compensation over a 10-year period in Washington State. Most requests for device coverage in workers' compensation relate to the diagnosis, prognosis, or treatment of chronic musculoskeletal conditions. A number of specific problems have been recognized in making device coverage decisions within workers' compensation: (1) invasive devices with a high adverse event profile and history of poor outcomes could significantly increase both indemnity and medical costs; (2) many noninvasive devices, while having a low adverse event profile, have not proved effective for managing chronic musculoskeletal conditions relevant to injured workers; (3) some devices are marketed and billed as surrogate diagnostic tests for generally accepted, and more clearly proven, standard tests; (4) quality oversight of technology use among physicians may be inadequate; and (5) insurers' access to efficacy data adequate to make timely and appropriate coverage decisions in workers' compensation is often lacking. Emerging technology may substantially increase the costs of workers' compensation without significant evidence of health benefit for injured workers. To prevent ever-rising costs, we need to increase provider education and patient education and consent, involve the state medical society in coverage policy, and collect relevant outcomes data from healthcare providers. PMID:10185993

Franklin, G M; Lifka, J; Milstein, J

1998-09-25

159

Lutein and zeaxanthin intakes and risk of age-related macular degeneration and cataracts: an evaluation using the Food and Drug Administration's evidence-based review system for health claims1-3  

Microsoft Academic Search

The labeling of health claims that meet the significant scientific agreement standard and of qualified health claims on conventional foods and dietary supplements requires premarket approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA conducts an evidence-based review to ascertain whether sufficient evidence ex- ists to support a significant scientific agreement standard or a qual- ified health claim. The

Paula R Trumbo; Kathleen C Ellwood

160

Guidelines for treatment of malpractice claims reduces diversity.  

PubMed

Various accounting practices are used for the treatment of medical malpractice claims, related malpractice insurance, and trust funds. To decrease the diversity of accounting practices in these areas and provide more specific guidance to healthcare providers, the AICPA has issued several proposed guidelines concerning accounting treatment of asserted and unasserted medical malpractice claims, providers' claims-made insurance policies, retrospectively rated insurance premiums, captive insurance companies, and trust funds. PMID:10272684

Holley, C L

1985-09-01

161

37 CFR 1.75 - Claim(s).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Where a claim sets forth a plurality of elements or steps, each element or step of the claim should be separated by a line indentation. (35 U.S.C. 6; 15 U.S.C. 1113, 1126) [31 FR 12922, Oct. 4, 1966, as amended at 36 FR 12690,...

2013-07-01

162

Chronic pain, compensation and clinical knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nosological status of the putative clinical entity of compensation neurosis and the relationship of chronic pain complaints to compensation are explored. It is concluded that, using the traditional criteria of diagnostic validity, there is no support for the view that a specific type of psychiatric disorder related to compensation or litigation can be demonstrated. Although it has been generally

George Mendelson

1991-01-01

163

Veterans' Benefits: Improvements Needed in the Reporting and Use of Data on the Accuracy of Disability Claims Decisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the beginning of fiscal year 2002, over 400,000 claims for disability compensation and pension benefits were waiting for Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA) decisions. On average, veterans were waiting about 6 months and many were waiting more than ...

2003-01-01

164

20 CFR 30.303 - What information may OWCP request in connection with a claim under Part E of EEOICPA?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...30.303 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL...COMPENSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL...development of a claim for benefits under Part E, OWCP...employed a Department of Energy contractor...

2013-04-01

165

[Vestibular compensation studies]. [Vestibular Compensation and Morphological Studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following topics are reported: neurophysiological studies on MVN neurons during vestibular compensation; effects of spinal cord lesions on VNC neurons during compensation; a closed-loop vestibular compensation model for horizontally canal-related MVN neurons; spatiotemporal convergence in VNC neurons; contributions of irregularly firing vestibular afferents to linear and angular VOR's; application to flight studies; metabolic measures in vestibular neurons; immediate early gene expression following vestibular stimulation; morphological studies on primary afferents, central vestibular pathways, vestibular efferent projection to the vestibular end organs, and three-dimensional morphometry and imaging.

Perachio, Adrian A. (Principal Investigator)

1996-01-01

166

22 CFR 232.12 - Prosecution of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Prosecution of claims. 232.12 Section 232.12 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT REPUBLIC OF TUNISIA LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS ACT,...

2013-04-01

167

Disabling and Fatal Occupational Claim Rates, Risks, and Costs in the Oregon Construction Industry 1990–1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimated injury and illness rates, risk factors, and costs associated with construction work in Oregon from 1990–1997 using all accepted workers' compensation claims by Oregon construction employees (N = 20,680). Claim rates and risk estimates were estimated using a baseline calculated from Current Population Survey data of the Oregon work force. The average annual rate of lost-time claims

Irwin B. Horwitz; Brian P. McCall

2004-01-01

168

National Compensation Survey Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) posts this publication online, with sections downloadable as .pdf files. The release, the National Compensation Survey, is a redesign of BLS' compensation statistics to reflect the workplace of the 21st century. From the main page, users can access the full .pdf-format text of the survey results as well as a summary, and a wealth of other related sites and documents.

169

Percentage compensation arrangements: suspect, but not illegal.  

PubMed

Percentage compensation arrangements, in which a service is outsourced to a contractor that is paid in accordance with the level of its performance, are widely used in many business sectors. The HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) has shown concern that these arrangements in the healthcare industry may offer incentives for the performance of unnecessary services or cause false claims to be made to Federal healthcare programs in violation of the antikickback statute and the False Claims Act. Percentage compensation arrangements can work and need not run afoul of the law as long as the healthcare organization carefully oversees the arrangement and sets specific safeguards in place. These safeguards include screening contractors, carefully evaluating their compliance programs, and obligating them contractually to perform within the limits of the law. PMID:11211487

Fedor, F P

2001-01-01

170

A claims analysis comparing citalopram with sertraline as initial pharmacotherapy for a new episode of depression: Impact on depression-related treatment charges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Citalopram, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) recently approved in the United States for treatment of depression, has similar efficacy to and a lower acquisition cost than other SSRIs. The impact of using citalopram (instead of other SSRIs) on total treatment costs has not been studied extensively.Objective: The aim of this study was to compare depression-related treatment charges for

Trent P. McLaughlin; Michael T. Eaddy; Amy N. Grudzinski

2004-01-01

171

Understanding work-related injuries in children: a perspective in West Virginia using the state-managed workers’ compensation system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/purposeLittle data exist that defines the consequences of occupational injuries in children. Traditional assessment of work-related injury is coupled with disability payments based on salary, which give little insight into etiology and severity. The authors hypothesize that the risk and pattern of occupational injuries in young workers are different then adults.

P. F. Ehrlich; W. T. McClellan; J. C. Hemkamp; S. S. Islam; A. M. Ducatman

2004-01-01

172

National Childhood Vaccine-Injury Compensation Act. Hearing before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-Eighth Congress on S.2117 to Amend the Public Health Service Act to Provide for the Compensation of Children and Others Who Have Sustained Vaccine-Related Injury, and for Other Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Statements are presented which were made at this hearing to amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for the compensation of children and others who have sustained vaccine-related injury. While the hearing focused on the costs and the regulatory burden that might be imposed by the legislation, the following areas were also addressed: (1) the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

173

44 CFR 62.21 - Claims adjustment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program SALE OF INSURANCE AND ADJUSTMENT OF CLAIMS Claims Adjustment, Claims Appeals, and Judicial Review...

2013-10-01

174

45 CFR 147.136 - Internal claims and appeals and external review processes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS HEALTH INSURANCE REFORM...including the date of service, the health care provider, the claim amount...date of service, the name of the health care provider, the claim...

2013-10-01

175

32 CFR 536.87 - Applicable law for claims under the Federal Tort Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Applicable law for claims under the Federal Tort Claims Act. 536.87 Section...Claims Act § 536.87 Applicable law for claims under the Federal Tort Claims Act. The applicable law for claims falling under the...

2010-07-01

176

32 CFR 536.87 - Applicable law for claims under the Federal Tort Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Applicable law for claims under the Federal Tort Claims Act. 536.87 Section...Claims Act § 536.87 Applicable law for claims under the Federal Tort Claims Act. The applicable law for claims falling under the...

2009-07-01

177

Attenuation compensation in cerebral 3D PET: effect of the attenuation map on absolute and relative quantitation.  

PubMed

It is generally well accepted that transmission (TX)-based non-uniform attenuation correction can supply more accurate absolute quantification; however, whether it provides additional benefits in routine clinical diagnosis based on qualitative interpretation of 3D brain positron emission tomography (PET) images is still the subject of debate. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the two major classes of method for determining the attenuation map, i.e. uniform versus non-uniform, using clinical studies based on qualitative assessment as well as absolute and relative quantitative volume of interest-based analysis. We investigated the effect of six different methods for determining the patient-specific attenuation map. The first method, referred to as the uniform fit-ellipse method (UFEM), approximates the outline of the head by an ellipse assuming a constant linear attenuation factor (mu=0.096 cm(-1)) for soft tissue. The second, referred to as the automated contour detection method (ACDM), estimates the outline of the head from the emission sinogram. Attenuation of the skull is accounted for by assuming a constant uniform skull thickness (0.45 cm) within the estimated shape and the correct micro value (0.151 cm(-1)) is used. The usual measured transmission method using caesium-137 single-photon sources was used without (MTM) and with segmentation of the TX data (STM). These techniques were finally compared with the segmented magnetic resonance imaging method (SMM) and an implementation of the inferring attenuation distributions method (IADM) based on the digital Zubal head atlas. Several image quality parameters were compared, including absolute and relative quantification indexes, and the correlation between them was checked. The qualitative evaluation showed no significant differences between the different attenuation correction techniques as assessed by expert physicians, with the exception of ACDM, which generated artefacts in the upper edges of the head. The mean squared error between the different attenuation maps was also larger when using this latter method owing to the fact that the current implementation of the method significantly overestimated the head contours on the external slices. Correlation between the mean regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCGM) values obtained with the various attenuation correction methods and those obtained with the gold standard (MTM) was good, except in the case of ACDM (R(2)=0.54). The STM and SMM methods showed the best correlation (R(2)=0.90) and the regression lines agreed well with the line of identity. Relative differences in mean rCGM values were in general less than 8%. Nevertheless, ANOVA results showed statistically significant differences between the different methods for some regions of the brain. It is concluded that the attenuation map influences both absolute and relative quantitation in cerebral 3D PET. Transmission-less attenuation correction results in a reduced radiation dose and makes a dramatic difference in acquisition time, allowing increased patient throughput. PMID:14574512

Zaidi, Habib; Montandon, Marie-Louise; Slosman, Daniel O

2004-01-01

178

38 CFR 3.10 - Dependency and indemnity compensation rate for a surviving spouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...disability compensation during his or her lifetime and one of the following circumstances...a claim filed during the veteran's lifetime; or (ii) Additional evidence submitted...finally decided during the veteran's lifetime and for awarding a total...

2013-07-01

179

People with Easier to Pronounce Names Promote Truthiness of Claims  

PubMed Central

When people make judgments about the truth of a claim, related but nonprobative information rapidly leads them to believe the claim–an effect called “truthiness” [1]. Would the pronounceability of others’ names also influence the truthiness of claims attributed to them? We replicated previous work by asking subjects to evaluate people’s names on a positive dimension, and extended that work by asking subjects to rate those names on negative dimensions. Then we addressed a novel theoretical issue by asking subjects to read that same list of names, and judge the truth of claims attributed to them. Across all experiments, easily pronounced names trumped difficult names. Moreover, the effect of pronounceability produced truthiness for claims attributed to those names. Our findings are a new instantiation of truthiness, and extend research on the truth effect as well as persuasion by showing that subjective, tangential properties such as ease of processing can matter when people evaluate information attributed to a source.

Newman, Eryn J.; Sanson, Mevagh; Miller, Emily K.; Quigley-McBride, Adele; Foster, Jeffrey L.; Bernstein, Daniel M.; Garry, Maryanne

2014-01-01

180

People with easier to pronounce names promote truthiness of claims.  

PubMed

When people make judgments about the truth of a claim, related but nonprobative information rapidly leads them to believe the claim--an effect called "truthiness". Would the pronounceability of others' names also influence the truthiness of claims attributed to them? We replicated previous work by asking subjects to evaluate people's names on a positive dimension, and extended that work by asking subjects to rate those names on negative dimensions. Then we addressed a novel theoretical issue by asking subjects to read that same list of names, and judge the truth of claims attributed to them. Across all experiments, easily pronounced names trumped difficult names. Moreover, the effect of pronounceability produced truthiness for claims attributed to those names. Our findings are a new instantiation of truthiness, and extend research on the truth effect as well as persuasion by showing that subjective, tangential properties such as ease of processing can matter when people evaluate information attributed to a source. PMID:24586368

Newman, Eryn J; Sanson, Mevagh; Miller, Emily K; Quigley-McBride, Adele; Foster, Jeffrey L; Bernstein, Daniel M; Garry, Maryanne

2014-01-01

181

Consumer understanding of sugars claims on food and drink products  

PubMed Central

Consumer understanding of nutrition and health claims is a key aspect of current regulations in the European Union (EU). In view of this, qualitative and quantitative research techniques were used to investigate consumer awareness and understanding of product claims in the UK, focusing particularly on nutrition claims relating to sugars. Both research methods identified a good awareness of product claims. No added sugars claims were generally preferred to reduced sugars claims, and there was a general assumption that sweeteners and other ingredients would be added in place of sugars. However, there was little awareness of the level of sugar reduction and the associated calorie reduction in products when reduced sugars claims were made on pack. In focus groups, participants felt deceived if sugar reduction claims were being made without a significant reduction in calories. This was reinforced in the quantitative research which showed that respondents expected a similar and meaningful level of calorie reduction to the level of sugar reduction. The research also identified consumer confusion around the calorie content of different nutrients, including over-estimation of the calorie content of sugars. This is crucial to consumers' expectations as they clearly link sugar to calories and therefore expect a reduction in sugar content to deliver a reduction in calorie content.

Patterson, N J; Sadler, M J; Cooper, J M

2012-01-01

182

22 CFR 231.12 - Prosecution of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Prosecution of claims. 231.12 Section 231.12 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW...

2013-04-01

183

21 CFR 101.14 - Health claims: general requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...substance, and the disease or health-related condition (e.g., “See attached pamphlet for information about calcium and osteoporosis”), with the entire claim appearing elsewhere on the other labeling, Provided that, where any graphic material...

2011-04-01

184

21 CFR 101.14 - Health claims: general requirements.  

...substance, and the disease or health-related condition (e.g., “See attached pamphlet for information about calcium and osteoporosis”), with the entire claim appearing elsewhere on the other labeling, Provided that, where any graphic material...

2014-04-01

185

21 CFR 101.14 - Health claims: general requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...substance, and the disease or health-related condition (e.g., “See attached pamphlet for information about calcium and osteoporosis”), with the entire claim appearing elsewhere on the other labeling, Provided that, where any graphic material...

2012-04-01

186

32 CFR 751.7 - Claims not payable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for assistance in filing their inconvenience claims against the commercial carriers. (g) Items of speculative value. Theses, manuscripts, unsold paintings, or a similar creative or artistic work done by the claimant, friend, or a relative...

2011-07-01

187

76 FR 66758 - Remedies for Small Copyright Claims  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...current legal system hinders or prevents copyright owners from pursuing copyright infringement claims that have a relatively small economic...2011, the median cost for litigating a copyright infringement lawsuit with less than $1 million...

2011-10-27

188

77 FR 51068 - Remedies for Small Copyright Claims: Additional Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...copyright owners from pursuing copyright infringement claims that have a relatively...federal district court for copyright infringement be permitted to transfer...Amendment right to have a copyright infringement case tried to a jury,...

2012-08-23

189

A century of miners' compensation in South Africa.  

PubMed

The year 2011 marked the centenary of compensation legislation for miners' lung disease in South Africa. This commentary aims to demonstrate that the current compensation system does not serve its intended beneficiaries, particularly the large population of former gold miners affected by high rates of silicosis and tuberculosis. The system has a complex legislative history, reflecting contending political, and economic forces, and characterized by racial discrimination. The financial basis of the system is currently in crisis owing to historical underfunding and failure to take into account the mounting burden of disease among black former miners. The real value of compensation awards fell sharply between 1973 and 1993, only partly recovering in recent years. Barriers to claiming benefits, particularly by black former miners who know little about the process, have been extensively documented. Integration of miners' compensation into general workers' compensation has been mooted since the 1980s but has stalled, owing to the high cost of closing the gap between the mostly inferior financial benefits under the mining legislation and those available under workers' compensation legislation. A recent constitutional court decision has opened the way for unprecedented civil litigation against the gold mining industry for silicosis, adding to the pressure for reform. A number of changes are called for: harmonization of financial benefits with retention of certain of the special arrangements for miner claims, a regional cross-border system of medical examination points for former miners, education of miners about the system, and some degree of privatization of claims processing. PMID:22431163

Ehrlich, Rodney

2012-06-01

190

Regulatory environment and claims - limits and opportunities.  

PubMed

During the past decade, the use of claims became more and more important in many countries in relation to the increased awareness of consumer about the link between foods and health, offering to industry a valuable opportunity to differentiate and valorize their products and to promote innovation. However, more and more stringent regulations are developed, all based on the general principles adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. In addition to the different regulatory processes and administrative requirements according to the country, the high level (and cost) of scientific substantiation of claims, the constraints introduced by nutrient profiles and the poor knowledge of the impact on consumer depending on the cultural contexts may limit these opportunities or, at least complicate their use. All these issues are briefly analyzed, highlighting some striking convergences and differences between countries. PMID:20664223

Martin, Ambroise

2010-01-01

191

20 CFR 10.411 - What are the maximum and minimum rates of compensation in death cases?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...maximum and minimum rates of compensation in death cases? 10.411 Section 10.411...and Related Benefits Compensation for Death § 10.411 What are the maximum and minimum rates of compensation in death cases? (a) Compensation...

2013-04-01

192

Exaggerated Claims for Interactive Stories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As advertising becomes more crucial to video games' success, developers risk promoting their products beyond the features that they can actually include. For features of interactive storytelling, the effects of making such exaggerations are not well known, as reports from industry have been anecdotal at best. In this paper, we explore the effects of making exaggerated claims for interactive stories, in the context of the theory of advertising. Results from a human user study show that female players find linear and branching stories to be significantly less enjoyable when they are advertised with exaggerated claims.

Thue, David; Bulitko, Vadim; Spetch, Marcia; Webb, Michael

193

Compensating for some errors related to time delay in a charge-coupled-device-based fast steering mirror control system using a feedforward loop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many control systems, the most effective method to improve the performance of the closed-loop system is by enhancing the gain of the control system, which results in a wide control bandwidth. However, in the control system of a charge-coupled-device-based tracking loop for a fast steering mirror, the bandwidth of the closed loop is greatly limited by the large time delay of the TV tracker. Additionally, the time delay leads to instability of the system when the closed-loop system has high gain. We propose a new feedforward control to compensate some errors related to the time delay of the tracker, meanwhile improving the performance of the closed-loop fast steering mirror system. The control structure we propose includes two closed loops; a tracking loop and a fast position loop. The fast position loop is produced using an eddy current sensor, and the tracking loop is the outer loop, enveloping the fast position loop. The feedforward signal is estimated from the signal of the eddy current sensor and the TV tracker, which is added to the input of the fast position loop. Experimental results show that our proposed feedforward system can effectively enhance trajectory tracking and pointing performance.

Tang, Tao; Ma, Jiaguang; Ren, Ge; Fu, Chenyu

2010-07-01

194

29 CFR 1625.22 - Waivers of rights and claims under the ADEA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...individual does not waive rights or claims that may arise... (2) The waiver of rights or claims that arise...future employment-related actions such as the employee's agreement to retire...the individual waives rights or claims only in...

2010-07-01

195

29 CFR 1625.22 - Waivers of rights and claims under the ADEA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...individual does not waive rights or claims that may arise... (2) The waiver of rights or claims that arise...future employment-related actions such as the employee's agreement to retire...the individual waives rights or claims only in...

2009-07-01

196

CANNY'S COMPENSATING PRESSURE THEORY FAILS A TEST1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canny's compensating pressure theory for water transport ( American Journal of Botany85: 897-909) has evolved from the premise that cavitation pressures are only a few tenths of a megapascal negative (approximately 20.3 MPa). In contra- diction, ''vulnerability curves'' indicate that xylem pressures can drop below 23 MPa in some species without causing a loss of hydraulic conductivity. Canny claims these

VOLKER STILLER; JOHN S. SPERRY

197

CEO compensation and hospital financial performance.  

PubMed

Growing interest in pay-for-performance and the level of chief executive officers' (CEOs') pay raises questions about the link between performance and compensation in the health sector. This study compares the compensation of nonprofit hospital CEOs in Ontario, Canada to the three longest reported and most used measures of hospital financial performance. Our sample consisted of 132 CEOs from 92 hospitals between 1999 and 2006. Unbalanced panel data were analyzed using fixed effects regression. Results suggest that CEO compensation was largely unrelated to hospital financial performance. Inflation-adjusted salaries appeared to increase over time independent of hospital performance, and hospital size was positively correlated with CEO compensation. The apparent upward trend in salary despite some declines in financial performance challenges the fundamental assumption underlying this article, that is, financial performance is likely linked to CEO compensation in Ontario. Further research is needed to understand long-term performance related to compensation incentives. PMID:19605619

Reiter, Kristin L; Sandoval, Guillermo A; Brown, Adalsteinn D; Pink, George H

2009-12-01

198

CEO Compensation and Hospital Financial Performance  

PubMed Central

Growing interest in pay-for-performance and the level of CEO pay raises questions about the link between performance and compensation in the health sector. This study compares the compensation of non-profit hospital Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) in Ontario, Canada to the three longest reported and most used measures of hospital financial performance. Our sample consisted of 132 CEOs from 92 hospitals between 1999 and 2006. Unbalanced panel data were analyzed using fixed effects regression. Results suggest that CEO compensation was largely unrelated to hospital financial performance. Inflation-adjusted salaries appeared to increase over time independent of hospital performance, and hospital size was positively correlated with CEO compensation. The apparent upward trend in salary despite some declines in financial performance challenges the fundamental assumption underlying this paper, that is, financial performance is likely linked to CEO compensation in Ontario. Further research is needed to understand long-term performance related to compensation incentives.

Reiter, Kristin L.; Sandoval, Guillermo A.; Brown, Adalsteinn D.; Pink, George H.

2010-01-01

199

Moral gridlock: conceptual barriers to no-fault compensation for injured research subjects.  

PubMed

The federal regulations that govern biomedical research, most notably those enshrined in the Common Rule, express a protectionist ethos aimed at safeguarding subjects of human experimentation from the potential harms of research participation. In at least one critical way, however, the regulations have always fallen short of this promise: if a subject suffers a research-related injury, then neither the investigator nor the sponsor has any legal obligation under the regulations to care for or compensate the subject. Because very few subjects with research-related injuries can meet the financial or evidentiary requirements associated with a successful legal claim to recover the costs associated with their injuries, most injured subjects must shoulder the burden of those expenses alone. For 40 years, national advisory panels have concluded that this result is out of step with the Common Rule's otherwise protectionist promise. When the Department of Health and Human Services released an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) in 2011, suggesting potential changes to the Common Rule, the time seemed ripe to address research-related injuries. The ANPRM, however, makes no mention of compensation for research-related injuries, and the federal government once again seems poised to stop short of addressing what has arguably become the most longstanding, frequent, and consistent plea for regulatory reform of research: protections for injured subjects. This article asks why, despite decades of federal-level panels recommending no-fault compensation for research-related injuries, the United States has so strongly resisted change. I suggest that a central reason for our current impasse is that, despite consensus among federal advisory committees that there is an obligation to compensate injured subjects, the committees have not coalesced around a moral justification for that duty. Although multiple justifications can support and even strengthen a single ethical obligation, the reverse has occurred in this context. I demonstrate that the committees' articulation of multiple ethical principles - including humanitarianism, professional beneficence, and compensatory justice - results in incongruent obligations that favor different kinds of compensation systems. This outcome, which I call "moral gridlock," makes it extremely difficult to determine what kind of compensation scheme to implement. Recognizing that each moral argument for compensation creates a slightly different trajectory is, however, an important first step in moving toward a more systematic approach to compensating injured research subjects. PMID:23802894

Henry, Leslie Meltzer

2013-01-01

200

Animal protein and bone growth Scientific substantiation of a health claim related to animal protein and bone growth pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 1 Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Following an application from the Association de la Transformation Laitière Française (ATLA) submitted pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 via the Competent Authority of France, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to proteins of animal origin and bone growth.

Jean-Louis Bresson; Albert Flynn; Marina Heinonen; Karin Hulshof; Hannu Korhonen; Pagona Lagiou; Rosangela Marchelli; Ambroise Martin; Bevan Moseley; Andreu Palou; Hildegard Przyrembel; Seppo Salminen; Stephan Strobel; Inge Tetens; Henk van den Berg; Hendrik van Loveren; Hans Verhagen

2008-01-01

201

Compensation of Navajo Uranium Miners  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site addresses policy issues of the compensation of Navajo uranium miners. The site provides an annotated index of current issues, legislation, papers and presentations, books, and links that lead to more information on uranium miners. Imbedded links throughout the text lead to related information.

Project, World I.

202

[Surgical procedures involved in claims for alleged defects in praxis].  

PubMed

Medical professional liability and adverse events in health care are major concerns worldwide and the analysis of claims for alleged defects in praxis is a potential source of knowledge. High rates of adverse events and complaints have been reported in surgical procedures. This article analyzes the claims registered by the Council of Medical Colleges in Catalonia between 1986 and 2012, and explores surgical procedures claimed (ICD- 9-CM coding), as well as the final outcome of the claim. Among the 5,419 records identified on surgical procedures, the interventions of the musculoskeletal system and skin and integument showed the highest frequencies. Interventions related to "non-curative" medicine should be emphasized because of their higher rates of economical agreement or condemnation outcomes, which were significantly higher for mastopexia. The results underscore the importance of the surgical area in medical professional liability and the high risk of payouts among those procedures belonging to the so-called "non-curative" medicine. PMID:24913754

Arimany-Manso, Josep; Benet-Travé, J; Bruguera-Cortada, M; Torné-Escasany, R; Klamburg-Pujol, J; Gómez-Durán, Esperanza L

2014-03-01

203

Robust springback compensation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Springback simulation and springback compensation are more and more applied in productive use of die engineering. In order to successfully compensate a tool accurate springback results are needed as well as an effective compensation approach. In this paper a methodology has been introduce in order to effectively compensate tools. First step is the full process simulation meaning that not only the drawing operation will be simulated but also all secondary operations like trimming and flanging. Second will be the verification whether the process is robust meaning that it obtains repeatable results. In order to effectively compensate a minimum clamping concept will be defined. Once these preconditions are fulfilled the tools can be compensated effectively.

Carleer, Bart; Grimm, Peter

2013-12-01

204

77 FR 24218 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY...described below, pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act...lands are in the vicinity of the village of Chevak, Alaska, and are described as: Lot...

2012-04-23

205

32 CFR 536.2 - Claims authorities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES ...integral part of the FTCA, provides absolute immunity from individual suit for common...Service for losses or shortages in postal accounts caused by unbonded Army...

2009-07-01

206

32 CFR 536.2 - Claims authorities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES ...integral part of the FTCA, provides absolute immunity from individual suit for common...Service for losses or shortages in postal accounts caused by unbonded Army...

2010-07-01

207

Weighing the Claims in Diet Ads  

MedlinePLUS

... control Information Network . ? The Truth Behind Weight Loss Ads Claims to watch out for include: Lose weight ... diet patch or cream! You’ve seen the ads for diet patches or creams that claim to ...

208

20 CFR 356.3 - False claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENT § 356.3 False claims. In the case of penalties assessed under 31 U.S.C. 3729 based on actions...

2013-04-01

209

37 CFR 1.436 - The claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Application § 1.436 The claims. The requirements as to the content and format of claims are set forth in PCT Art. 6 and PCT Rules 6, 9, 10 and 11 and shall be adhered to. The number of the claims shall be reasonable, considering the...

2013-07-01

210

Text Description of SEER & Medicare Claims Chart  

Cancer.gov

Agreement Between the SEER & Medicare Claims Regarding the Month of Diagnosis Chart with 7 items. Item 1, First claim date more than 6 months earlier than SEER, 3.7% Item 2, First claim date between 2 and 6 months earlier than SEER, 3.6% Item 3, First

211

32 CFR 536.15 - Claims policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...responsibility of a CPO. On such claims, the USARCS Area Action Officer (AAO) must coordinate with the field office as to all aspects...affirmative claim must be the result of a discussion between the AAO and the field office. Payment of a subrogated claim may...

2010-07-01

212

32 CFR 536.15 - Claims policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...responsibility of a CPO. On such claims, the USARCS Area Action Officer (AAO) must coordinate with the field office as to all aspects...affirmative claim must be the result of a discussion between the AAO and the field office. Payment of a subrogated claim may...

2009-07-01

213

Labor Needs to Adjust Compensation Benefits It Pays Injured Federal Employees to Levels Appropriate to Their Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Labor could have reduced federal workers' compensation costs by establishing 'wage earning capacities' for partially disabled federal employees. From reviewing a sample of injured employees' claims at five district offices, GAO estimated...

1984-01-01

214

2 CFR 200.435 - Defense and prosecution of criminal and civil proceedings, claims, appeals and patent infringements.  

...civil proceedings, claims, appeals and patent infringements. 200.435 Section...civil proceedings, claims, appeals and patent infringements. (a) Definitions for...related costs, incurred in connection with patent infringement litigation, are...

2014-01-01

215

32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...apply to a claim arising incident to noncombat activities. (j) Claims based on strict or absolute liability and similar theories. (k) Claims payable under subparts D or J of this part, or under AR 27-20, chapter 11. (l) Claims...

2013-07-01

216

Gmti Motion Compensation  

DOEpatents

Movement of a GMTI radar during a coherent processing interval over which a set of radar pulses are processed may cause defocusing of a range-Doppler map in the video signal. This problem may be compensated by varying waveform or sampling parameters of each pulse to compensate for distortions caused by variations in viewing angles from the radar to the target.

Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2004-07-20

217

PMD compensation techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mitigating PMD is still a challenge in today's optical communications. After giving the key performance indicators dictated by the statistical nature of PMD, we introduce the classification of PMD compensation schemes into 2 categories: optical and electrical PMD compensators. In a first part, we explain the operation principle of a PMD compensator by taking a detailed look at the basic optical PMD compensator and appropriate feedback signals. More complex multistage structures and a feed-forward adaptation approach are also discussed. This first part is closed by results from a one-year field trial confirming the behavior and performance of a prototype compensator. In the second part of this article, electronic equalization for PMD mitigation is explained. Starting with a discussion on performance and adaptation of linear equalizers suitable for analog electronic signal processing, finally also the Viterbi equalizer basing on digital signal processing is analyzed. A comparative review of mitigation by optical or electronic means concludes the discussion.

Bülow, Henning; Lanne, Stéphanie

218

38 CFR 3.351 - Special monthly dependency and indemnity compensation, death compensation, pension and spouse's...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...dependency and indemnity compensation, death compensation, pension and spouse's compensation...dependency and indemnity compensation, death compensation, pension and spouse's compensation...1541(d), (e)) (6) Increased death compensation is payable to a...

2013-07-01

219

29 CFR 15.24 - Unallowable claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...bills of lading, warehouse receipts, insurance policies, baggage checks, and bank books, is not compensable. Loss of a thesis, or other similar item, is compensable only to the extent of the out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the claimant...

2011-07-01

220

29 CFR 15.24 - Unallowable claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...bills of lading, warehouse receipts, insurance policies, baggage checks, and bank books, is not compensable. Loss of a thesis, or other similar item, is compensable only to the extent of the out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the claimant...

2010-07-01

221

Questioning the claims from Kaiser  

PubMed Central

Background: The article by Feachem et al, published in the BMJ in 2002, claimed to show that, compared with the United Kingdom (UK) National Health Service (NHS), the Kaiser Permanente healthcare system in the United States (US) has similar healthcare costs per capita, and performance that is considerably better in certain respects. Aim: To assess the accuracy of Feachem et al's comparison and conclusions. Method: Detailed re-examination of the data and methods used and consideration of the 82 letters responding to the article. Results: Analyses revealed four main areas in which Feachem et al's methodology was flawed. Firstly, the populations of patients served by Kaiser Permanente and by the NHS are fundamentally different. Kaiser's patients are mainly employed, significantly younger, and significantly less socially deprived and so are healthier. Feachem et al fail to adjust adequately for these factors. Secondly, Feachem et al have wrongly inflated NHS costs by omitting substantial user charges payable by Kaiser members for care, excluding the costs of marketing and administration, and deducting the surplus from Kaiser's costs while underestimating the capital charge element of the NHS budget and other costs. They also used two methods of converting currency, the currency rate and a health purchasing power parity conversion. This is double counting. Feachem et al reported that NHS costs were 10% less per head than Kaiser. Correcting for the double currency conversion gives the NHS a 40% cost advantage such that per capita costs are $1161 and $1951 for the NHS and Kaiser, respectively. Thirdly, Feachem et al use non-standardised data for NHS bed days from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, rather than official Department of Health bed availability and activity statistics for England. Leaving aside the non-comparability of the population and lack of standardisation of the data, the result is to inflate NHS acute bed use and underestimate the efficiency of performance by at least 10%. Similar criticisms apply to their selective use of performance measures. Finally, Feachem et al claim that Kaiser is a more integrated system than the NHS. The NHS provides health care to around 60 million people free at the point of delivery, long-term and psychiatric care, and continuing care after 100 days whereas Kaiser provides care to 6 million people, mainly employed and privately insured. Important functions, such as health protection, education and training of healthcare professionals, and research and development are not included or properly costed in Feachem et al's integrated model. Conclusion: We have re-examined the statements made by Feachem et al and show that the claims are unsupported by the evidence. The NHS is not similar to Kaiser in coverage, costs or performance.

Talbot-Smith, Alison; Gnani, Shamini; Pollock, Allyson M; Gray, Denis Pereira

2004-01-01

222

Determinants of consumer understanding of health claims.  

PubMed

The new EU regulation on nutrition and health claims states that claims can be permitted only if they can be expected to be understood by consumers. Investigating determinants of consumer understanding of health claims has therefore become an important topic. Understanding of a health claim on a yoghurt product was investigated with a sample of 720 category users in Germany. Health claim understanding was measured using open answers, which were subsequently content analysed and classified by comparison with the scientific dossier of the health claim. Based on this respondents were classified as safe, risky or other. In addition to the open questions on claim understanding, respondents rated a number of statements on claim interpretation for agreement and completed scales on interest in healthy eating, attitude to functional foods, and subjective knowledge on food and health. Results showed that respondents with a positive attitude to functional foods are more likely to be classified as risky with regard to their claim understanding, whereas respondents with negative or neutral attitudes are more likely to be classified into the other category. Implications for testing claim understanding are discussed. PMID:21238525

Grunert, Klaus G; Scholderer, Joachim; Rogeaux, Michel

2011-04-01

223

Reactive power compensator  

DOEpatents

A system and method for determining and providing reactive power compensation for an inductive load. A reactive power compensator (50,50') monitors the voltage and current flowing through each of three distribution lines (52a, 52b, 52c), which are supplying three-phase power to one or more inductive loads. Using signals indicative of the current on each of these lines when the voltage waveform on the line crosses zero, the reactive power compensator determines a reactive power compensator capacitance that must be connected to the lines to maintain a desired VAR level, power factor, or line voltage. Alternatively, an operator can manually select a specific capacitance for connection to each line, or the capacitance can be selected based on a time schedule. The reactive power compensator produces control signals, which are coupled through optical fibers (102/106) to a switch driver (110, 110') to select specific compensation capacitors (112) for connections to each line. The switch driver develops triggering signals that are supplied to a plurality of series-connected solid state switches (350), which control charge current in one direction in respect to ground for each compensation capacitor. During each cycle, current flows from ground to charge the capacitors as the voltage on the line begins to go negative from its positive peak value. The triggering signals are applied to gate the solid state switches into a conducting state when the potential on the lines and on the capacitors reaches a negative peak value, thereby minimizing both the potential difference and across the charge current through the switches when they begin to conduct. Any harmonic distortion on the potential and current carried by the lines is filtered out from the current and potential signals used by the reactive power compensator so that it does not affect the determination of the required reactive compensation.

El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Venkata, Subrahmanyam S. (Woodinville, WA); Chen, Mingliang (Kirkland, WA); Andexler, George (Everett, WA); Huang, Tony (Seattle, WA)

1992-01-01

224

Reactive Power Compensator.  

DOEpatents

A system and method for determining and providing reactive power compensation for an inductive load. A reactive power compensator (50,50') monitors the voltage and current flowing through each of three distribution lines (52a, 52b, 52c), which are supplying three-phase power to one or more inductive loads. Using signals indicative of the current on each of these lines when the voltage waveform on the line crosses zero, the reactive power compensator determines a reactive power compensator capacitance that must be connected to the lines to maintain a desired VAR level, power factor, or line voltage. Alternatively, an operator can manually select a specific capacitance for connection to each line, or the capacitance can be selected based on a time schedule. The reactive power compensator produces control signals, which are coupled through optical fibers (102/106) to a switch driver (110, 110') to select specific compensation capacitors (112) for connections to each line. The switch driver develops triggering signals that are supplied to a plurality of series-connected solid state switches (350), which control charge current in one direction in respect to ground for each compensation capacitor. During each cycle, current flows from ground to charge the capacitors as the voltage on the line begins to go negative from its positive peak value. The triggering signals are applied to gate the solid state switches into a conducting state when the potential on the lines and on the capacitors reaches a negative peak value, thereby minimizing both the potential difference and across the charge current through the switches when they begin to conduct. Any harmonic distortion on the potential and current carried by the lines is filtered out from the current and potential signals used by the reactive power compensator so that it does not affect the determination of the required reactive compensation. 26 figs.

El-Sharkawi, M.A.; Venkata, S.S.; Chen, M.; Andexler, G.; Huang, T.

1992-07-28

225

20 CFR 10.410 - Who is entitled to compensation in case of death, and what are the rates of compensation payable...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Who is entitled to compensation in case of death, and what are the rates of compensation payable in death cases? 10.410 Section 10.410 Employees...Compensation and Related Benefits Compensation for Death § 10.410 Who is entitled to...

2013-04-01

226

Letter Responding to Health Claim Petition dated January 27, 2004: Green Tea and Reduced Risk of Cancer Health Claim (Docket number 2004Q-0083)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This letter sets forth the results of FDA's scientific review of the evidence for the proposed qualified health claim related to consumption of green tea and the reduced risk of certain cancers. This letter also sets forth the factors that FDA intends to consider in the exercise of its enforcement discretion for qualified health claims regarding the consumption of green

Sin Hang Lee

227

32 CFR 536.141 - Composition of Foreign Claims Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Composition of Foreign Claims Commissions. 536.141 Section 536...Claims Cognizable Under the Foreign Claims Act § 536.141 Composition of Foreign Claims Commissions. (a)...

2013-07-01

228

32 CFR 536.19 - Disaster claims planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disaster claims planning. 536.19 Section... The Army Claims System § 536.19 Disaster claims planning. All ACOs will prepare a disaster claims plan and furnish a copy to...

2013-07-01

229

24 CFR 206.123 - Claim procedures in general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Claim procedures in general. 206.123...Rights and Obligations Claim Procedure § 206.123 Claim procedures in general. (a) Claims...pursuant to the Secretary's demand, as provided in §...

2013-04-01

230

32 CFR 752.3 - Claims against the Navy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Claims against the Navy. 752.3 Section 752.3 National...Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS ADMIRALTY CLAIMS § 752.3 Claims against the Navy. (a) Settlement authority....

2013-07-01

231

32 CFR 842.129 - Settlement of claims against NAFIs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Nonappropriated Fund Claims § 842.129 Settlement of claims against NAFIs. (a) This subpart does not establish legal theories for adjudication of claims. Refer to the appropriate subpart to decide whether a claim is payable (e.g.,...

2013-07-01

232

The impact of patient race on clinical decisions related to prescribing HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP): assumptions about sexual risk compensation and implications for access.  

PubMed

Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has received increasing recognition as a viable prescription-based intervention for people at risk for HIV acquisition. However, little is known about racial biases affecting healthcare providers' willingness to prescribe PrEP. This investigation sought to explore medical students' stereotypes about sexual risk compensation among Black versus White men who have sex with men seeking PrEP, and the impact of such stereotypes on willingness to prescribe PrEP. An online survey presented participants (n = 102) with a clinical vignette of a PrEP-seeking, HIV-negative man with an HIV-positive male partner. Patient race was systematically manipulated. Participants reported predictions about patient sexual risk compensation, willingness to prescribe PrEP, and other clinical judgments. Bootstrapping analyses revealed that the Black patient was rated as more likely than the White patient to engage in increased unprotected sex if prescribed PrEP, which, in turn, was associated with reduced willingness to prescribe PrEP to the patient. PMID:24366572

Calabrese, Sarah K; Earnshaw, Valerie A; Underhill, Kristen; Hansen, Nathan B; Dovidio, John F

2014-02-01

233

Compensated Temperature Sensing Device.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A compensated temperature sensing device having a sensing element capable of surviving extreme operating environments while still being able to substantially instantaneously sense temperature changes. This is accomplished by incorporating within the devic...

A. S. Meyer

1980-01-01

234

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contents include: Type of law and insurance requirements for private employment; Numerical exemptions; Coverage of agricultural workers; Jurisdictions in which workers' compensation laws apply to domestic employment; Medical benefits and meth...

1989-01-01

235

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Type of Law and Insurance Requirements for Private Employment; Numerical Exemptions; Coverage of Agricultural Workers; Jurisdictions in Which Workers' Compensation Laws Aply to Domestic Employment; Medical Benefits and Methods of Physic...

1990-01-01

236

Health Insurance Claim Review Using Information Technologies  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA)'s payment request (PARE) system that plays the role of the gateway for all health insurance claims submitted to HIRA, and the claim review support (CRS) system that supports the work of claim review experts in South Korea. Methods This study describes the two systems' information technology (IT) infrastructures, their roles, and quantitative analysis of their work performance. It also reports the impact of these systems on claims processing by analyzing the health insurance claim data submitted to HIRA from April 1 to June 30, 2011. Results The PARE system returned to healthcare providers 2.7% of all inpatient claims (97,930) and 0.1% of all outpatient claims (317,007) as un-reviewable claims. The return rate was the highest for the hospital group as 0.49% and the lowest rate was found in clinic group. The CRS system's detection rate of the claims with multiple errors in inpatient and outpatient areas was 23.1% and 2.9%, respectively. The highest rate of error detection occurred at guideline check-up stages in both inpatient and outpatient groups. Conclusions The study found that HIRA's two IT systems had a critical role in reducing heavy administrative workloads through automatic data processing. Although the return rate of the problematic claims to providers and the error detection rate by two systems was low, the actual count of the returned claims was large. The role of IT will become increasingly important in reducing the workload of health insurance claims review.

Yoon, Jeong-Sik; Speedie, Stuart M.; Yoon, Hojung; Lee, Jiseon

2012-01-01

237

Lognormal mixed models for reported claims reserves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional claims-reserving techniques are based on so-called run-off triangles containing aggregate claim figures. Such a triangle provides a summary of an underlying data set with individual claim figures. This contribution explores the interpretation of the available individual data in the framework of longitudinal data analysis. Making use of the theory of linear mixed models, a flexible model for loss reserving

Katrien Antonio; Jan Beirlant; Tom Hoedemakers; Robert Verlaak

2006-01-01

238

Perception of Health Claims Among Nordic Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health claim perception was investigated by a web-based instrument with a sample of 4,612 respondents in the Nordic countries\\u000a (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden). Respondents decided which of a pair of claims sounded better, was easier to understand\\u000a and was more convincing in their opinion. Claims were constructed from an underlying universe combining different active ingredients\\u000a (familiar, unfamiliar), type of

Klaus G. Grunert; Liisa Lähteenmäki; Yasemin Boztug; Emilia Martinsdóttir; Øydis Ueland; Annika Åström; Piritta Lampila

2009-01-01

239

Dynamic compensation system [ships  

Microsoft Academic Search

A dynamic compensation system (DC-system) has been developed. It is used as an extension of the KaMeWa polar joystick system, where the horizontal motions of a ship are controlled by main propellers, rudders and bow thrusters. It acts like a compensator for wind and current disturbances, allowing the joystick operator to run the ship in almost all weather conditions as

C. G. Kallstrom; Kalle Theoren

1994-01-01

240

ACTS Rain Fade Compensation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Performance status of the Adaptive Rain Fade Compensation includes: (1) The rain fade protocol is functional detecting fades, providing an additional 10 dB of margin and seamless transitions to and from coded operation; (2) The stabilization of the link margins and the optimization of rain fade decision thresholds has resulted in improved BER performance; (3) Characterization of the fade compensation algorithm is ongoing.

Coney, Thom A.

1996-01-01

241

Compensated pulsed alternator  

DOEpatents

This invention relates to an electromechanical energy converter with inertial energy storage. The device, a single phase, two or multi-pole alternator with stationary field coils, and a rotating armature is provided. The rotor itself may be of laminated steel for slower pulses or for faster pulses should be nonmagnetic and electrically nonconductive in order to allow rapid penetration of the field as the armature coil rotates. The armature coil comprises a plurality of power generating conductors mounted on the rotor. The alternator may also include a stationary or counterrotating compensating coil to increase the output voltage thereof and to reduce the internal impedance of the alternator at the moment of peak outout. As the machine voltage rises sinusoidally, an external trigger switch is adapted to be closed at the appropriate time to create the desired output current from said alternator to an external load circuit, and as the output current passes through zero a self-commutating effect is provided to allow the switch to disconnect the generator from the external circuit.

Weldon, William F. (Austin, TX); Driga, Mircea D. (Austin, TX); Woodson, Herbert H. (Austin, TX)

1980-01-01

242

Compensation for radiation risks  

SciTech Connect

Several years ago tables of estimates of the so-called probability of causation were prepared and published to facilitate the compensation of cancer victims with an exposure to radiation prior to the diagnosis of cancer. The probability of causation is defined as the probability that a particular cancer in an individual was caused by an identified radiation exposure prior to diagnosis of the cancer. Probability of causation estimates were intended to be used to compensate victims of radiogenic cancers. We propose offering compensation to persons who received certain clearly identifiable exposures to ionizing radiation above natural background before some of them become cancer victims. First we discuss some types and circumstances of radiation exposures for which such compensation should be offered. The {open_quotes}equity postulate,{close_quotes} that compensation should restore the expected quality of life-measured in dollars-of an exposed person to that of an unexposed person, yields a formula for estimating the appropriate compensation. Interestingly this formula, first stated by D.V. Lindley, contains the probability of causation as a factor. An application of the formula to A-bomb survivor data on leukemia and discussion of estimation problems associated with this formula conclude the paper.

Groer, P.G. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1996-06-01

243

Nonlinear Thermal Compensators for WGM Resonators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In an alternative version of a proposed bimaterial thermal compensator for a whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) optical resonator, a mechanical element having nonlinear stiffness would be added to enable stabilization of a desired resonance frequency at a suitable fixed working temperature. The previous version was described in "Bimaterial Thermal Compensators for WGM Resonators." Both versions are intended to serve as inexpensive means of preventing (to first order) or reducing temperature-related changes in resonance frequencies.

Savchenkov, Anatoliy; Matsko, Andrey; Strekalov, Dmitry; Maleki, Lute; Yu, Nan; Iltchenko, Vladimir

2009-01-01

244

Claiming territory: The Saami assemblies as ethno?political institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A political scientist explores the process leading to the establishment of Saami Assemblies in Sweden, Norway, and Finland and reviews claims advanced through these assemblies for rights to land and natural resources in the northern regions of those countries. Initial sections examine reasons for variations in the relative status of each country's Assembly, followed by an assessment of the Assemblies’

Fae Korsmo

1996-01-01

245

Nutrient-content claims - guidance or cause for confusion?  

PubMed

The FDA is considering changes to its Nutrition Facts label, but other labeling changes would help consumers select nutritious foods. One key concern is sugar- and calorie-related claims, especially with regard to nonnutritive sweeteners and product sweetness. PMID:25014684

Sylvetsky, Allison C; Dietz, William H

2014-07-17

246

Thermally stimulated depolarization current studies of the ?-relaxation in poly(methyl methacrylate)-poly(vinyl chloride) blends and its relation to compensation laws  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dipolar relaxation in PVC, PMMA and their blends has been studied using the thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) technique. The peak cleaning method was used. The peak associated with the glass transition temperature (?-relaxation) was obtained, the maximum temperature of which depends on the blend composition. Modification of the TSDC theory with dipole-dipole interaction effects and a relaxation time model obeying the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) law was carried out. Peak parameters such as the apparent activation energy (E), pre-exponential factor (?0) and dipole-dipole interaction strength (q) were obtained. These characterize the dipolar relaxation process using Arrhenius and VFT temperature dependence for the relaxation time. Physically realistic peak parameter values were achieved when the VFT relaxation time was used. Linearity was found to exist between the activation energy and the logarithm of the pre-exponential factor and between the activation enthalpy and activation entropy of the ?-relaxations, confirming the validity of the compensation laws.

Migahed, M. D.; Ahmed, M. T.; Kotp, A. E.

2000-09-01

247

Reflections on the Black Hills Claim.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Sioux claim to the Black Hills of South Dakota from the Sioux perspective. Land claim discussed not as legal or political issue, but as a problem deeper than simple land transaction. Examines history and federal land acquisition as violation of Indian culture. Discusses possible future strategies in dealing with government. (TES)

Deloria, Vine, Jr.

1988-01-01

248

Internet Survey of Nutrition Claim Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consumer interest in healthy foods has spurred approval of several health claims for foods and dietary supplements. Although undergraduate and graduate food science curricula address food laws and regulations, nutrition claims may not be fully addressed. We posted a survey on the Internet for 2 mo for food industry professionals and others…

Camire, Mary E.; Dougherty, Michael P.

2005-01-01

249

47 CFR 1.1120 - Error claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Error claims. 1.1120 Section 1.1120 Telecommunication...of Statutory Charges and Procedures for Payment § 1.1120 Error claims. (a) Applicants who wish to challenge...

2013-10-01

250

Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC) Program Guidance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC) grant program provides funding to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of flood damage to structures insured under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that have had one or more claim payments for flood damages. ...

2008-01-01

251

45 CFR 504.1 - Claim defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND PAYMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WAR CLAIMS ACT OF 1948, AS AMENDED FILING...who had been listed as missing during the Vietnam conflict but were subsequently determined...military servicemen held as prisoners of war by forces hostile to the United...

2013-10-01

252

Unanswered Questions from the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program: A Review of Compensated Cases of Vaccine-Induced Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, Congress created the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act (1986 Law). This Program has original jurisdiction for children’s claims of vaccine injury. Because almost all children receive multiple vaccinations for daycare and school, it is critically important that the Program provides fundamental fairness, due process and transparency.\\u000aThis empirical investigation, published in

Mary Holland; Louis Conte; Robert Krakow; Lisa Colin

2011-01-01

253

Compensator improvement for multivariable control systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A theory and the associated numerical technique are developed for an iterative design improvement of the compensation for linear, time-invariant control systems with multiple inputs and multiple outputs. A strict constraint algorithm is used in obtaining a solution of the specified constraints of the control design. The result of the research effort is the multiple input, multiple output Compensator Improvement Program (CIP). The objective of the Compensator Improvement Program is to modify in an iterative manner the free parameters of the dynamic compensation matrix so that the system satisfies frequency domain specifications. In this exposition, the underlying principles of the multivariable CIP algorithm are presented and the practical utility of the program is illustrated with space vehicle related examples.

Mitchell, J. R.; Mcdaniel, W. L., Jr.; Gresham, L. L.

1977-01-01

254

Workers' compensation: 1984-88 benchmark revisions.  

PubMed

About 93.1 million workers were covered under workers' compensation laws in 1988--an increase of 11 percent from the 1984 total. Benefit amounts totaled $30.7 billion--an increase of about 56 percent since 1984. Of the total payments made under the workers' compensation program, $17.6 billion went to disabled workers, $1.6 billion to their survivors, and $11.5 billion for medical care. The Social Security Administration (SSA) is interested in measuring economic security in the United States, and workers' compensation plays a large role in that measurement. This article represents one part of our overall effort to determine the roles the various income-maintenance programs play in helping citizens of the United States achieve economic security. The figures presented here provide readers with an opportunity to review workers' compensation program operations during much of the 1980's. Workers' compensation is also important to SSA because that program is directly related to the Social Security Disability Insurance program. Since 1965, Social Security disability benefits have been subject to reduction if the beneficiary also receives workers' compensation and the combined benefits exceed 80 percent of previous earnings. In addition, SSA has been directly involved in providing income maintenance for disability from work-related diseases since 1969 when the Federal Black Lung benefits program was established. PMID:1471024

Nelson, W J

1992-01-01

255

The compensated Kalman filter.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper introduces the compensated Kalman filter, a suboptimal state estimator which can be used to eliminate steady-state bias errors when it is used in conjunction with the mismatched steady-state (asymptotic) time-invariant Kalman-Bucy filter. The uncompensated mismatched steady state Kalman-Bucy filter exhibits bias errors whenever the nominal plant parameters used in the filter design are different from the actual plant parameters. The approach used relies on the utilization of the residual (innovations) process of the mismatched filter to estimate, via a Kalman-Bucy filter, the state estimation errors and subsequent improvements of the state estimate. The compensated Kalman filter augments the mismatched steady state Kalman-Bucy filrby the introduction of additional dynamics and feedforward integral compensation channels.

Athans, M.

1972-01-01

256

Compensation neurosis rides again.  

PubMed

Compensation neurosis (CN), also known as accident neurosis, has generally not been considered to be a 'real' disorder. In 1961 it was seemingly laid to rest by Henry Miller, a distinguished neurologist, in a sharp article which appeared in the British Medical Journal. Miller's view of patients who presented psychological symptoms following accidents or traumas was suspicious. Compensated or not, his view seemed to be that they should have their legal process finished as quickly as possible and then they will miraculously convalescence. Miller's work, it appeared, was the coup de grâce for this ill-defined diagnosis. Today, however, compensation neurosis seems to ride again. After a prolonged silence in the psychiatric literature, new papers are emerging, strongly suggesting that this vanishing diagnosis be reconsidered. This new trend will be presented. PMID:1393173

Levy, A

1992-01-01

257

Charge amplifier with bias compensation  

DOEpatents

An ion beam uniformity monitor for very low beam currents using a high-sensitivity charge amplifier with bias compensation. The ion beam monitor is used to assess the uniformity of a raster-scanned ion beam, such as used in an ion implanter, and utilizes four Faraday cups placed in the geometric corners of the target area. Current from each cup is integrated with respect to time, thus measuring accumulated dose, or charge, in Coulombs. By comparing the dose at each corner, a qualitative assessment of ion beam uniformity is made possible. With knowledge of the relative area of the Faraday cups, the ion flux and areal dose can also be obtained.

Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01

258

Wavelength Compensation in Fused Fiber Couplers.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The performance of fused fiber couplers is wavelength dependent. Wavelength spectral compensation is a technique to decrease the effect of the wavelength dependence, which is an essential task for many applications in fiber optic communication systems. Fiber devices such as wavelength -flattened couplers (WFCs) can be fabricated using wavelength spectral compensation methods. In this dissertation, wavelength spectral compensation techniques in fused biconical taper (FBT) couplers including both multimode and single-mode fiber couplers are studied in detail. In multimode fiber coupler operation, a novel theoretical model based on frustrated total internal reflection (FTIR) has been developed to effectively describe the power coupling and loss mechanism. Experimental results support the theoretical predictions. In single -mode fiber couplers, the conventional technique of fabricating WFCs is discussed. An alternative analytical model has been developed based upon coupled mode theory, which provides a relatively simple and mathematically sound explanation to the wavelength spectral compensation. Aiming to simplify WFC fabrication, a new way of constructing WFCs is proposed and demonstrated by connecting regular single-mode fiber couplers, some of which serve as wavelength spectral compensators. WFCs of various structures including 2 x 2, 1 x 3, 1 x 2 ^{N}, and 4 x 4 have been developed, and the experimental data agree with theoretical predictions of performance. Potential applications and future research directions in wavelength spectral compensation are also presented.

Wang, Zhi G.

259

Reactive Power Compensating System.  

DOEpatents

The circuit was designed for the specific application of wind-driven induction generators. It has great potential for application in any situation where a varying reactive power load is present, such as with induction motors or generators, or for transmission network compensation.

Williams, Timothy J.; El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A.; Venkata, Subrahmanyam S.

1985-01-04

260

SOFIA image motion compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a laboratory simulation of an image motion compensation system for SOFIA that uses high-speed image acquisition from the science instrument HIPO as the sensing element of the system and a Newport voice-coil actuated fast steering mirror as the correcting actuator. Performance of the system when coupled to the SOFIA secondary mirror is estimated based on the known current

Edward Dunham; Peter Collins; Andreas Reinacher; Ulrich Lampater

2010-01-01

261

Photoelectric compensating tiltmeter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A new instrument has been designed for recording the horizontal components of tidal variations of the Earth's field of gravity and of tidal and non-tidal tilts of the Earth's crust. After justifying the use of the individual constructional elements, the functional model of the photo-electric compensating tiltmeter, constructing in the Geophysical Institute of the CSAS and installed at the

Lumír Skalský; Vítezslav Soukup; J. Pícha

1974-01-01

262

32 CFR Appendix C to Part 282 - Submitting a Claim  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accrued. (A claim accrues...everything necessary to give rise to the claim...years after peace is established...the property to which the claim...received before the end of the 5-year...amount claimed. All relevant evidence...presented when a claim is...

2013-07-01

263

19 CFR - Importation Duty Refund Claims  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Importation Duty Refund Claims Post Customs Duties BUREAU...indirect materials, used in the production of the good; and (iii) The production of the good in the form in...part 163 of this chapter. Post-Importation Duty Refund...

2009-04-01

264

77 FR 21802 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [F-14839-A, F-14839-A2; LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of decision approving lands for...

2012-04-11

265

76 FR 22414 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [AA-8103-05; LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of decision approving lands for...

2011-04-21

266

75 FR 45649 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [AA-8103-06; LLAK965000-L14100000-HY0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of decision approving lands for...

2010-08-03

267

77 FR 33231 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [F-14901-A; LLAK965000-L14100000-HY0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of decision approving lands for...

2012-06-05

268

76 FR 67472 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [F-22853; LLAK-965000-L14100000-HY0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Decision Approving Lands for...

2011-11-01

269

42 CFR 35.46 - Conflicting claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS HOSPITAL AND STATION MANAGEMENT Disposal of Money and Effects of Deceased Patients § 35.46 Conflicting claims. In any case in which...

2012-10-01

270

Testing a Claim of Extraterrestrial Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In December 2004, members of The SETI League, Inc. and the Invitation to ETI group were called upon to evaluate, and ultimately perform laboratory testing of, a claim of extraterrestrial electromagnetic technology present on Earth. These tests were undertaken because, although the claims were highly questionable, the claimant himself seemed reasonably credible, and a positive outcome, though unlikely, could have tremendous payoffs. The claim was rigorously tested but this produced a null result. This paper explores the initial claim, our reaction to it, the evaluation process, the observed results, lessons learned, and our conclusions. Despite the outcome, it was felt that all concerned showed great professionalism, and applied scientific rigor to a challenging situation.

Schuch, H. P.; Tough, A.

271

Advocacy Group Claims Lack of Drug Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Health Research Group claim that less than 7 percent of all new drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in recent years were considered to be important therapeutic gains. (SL)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

1978-01-01

272

32 CFR 536.15 - Claims policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...should be advised of such errors and the need to correct the claim. If the errors concern a jurisdictional...immediately warned that the error must be corrected before...Comptroller General, or other publications that have the force and...

2013-07-01

273

FDA Warns About Stem Cell Claims  

MedlinePLUS

... Biologics Articulos en Espanol FDA Warns About Stem Cell Claims Search the Consumer Updates Section Researchers hope ... forming system. back to top Regulation of Stem Cells FDA regulates stem cells in the U.S. to ...

274

75 FR 53331 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to Hadohdleekaga, Incorporated, for the Native village of Hughes, Alaska, pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act...K'oyitl'ots'ina, Limited. The lands are in the vicinity of Hughes, Alaska, and are located in: Kateel River Meridian,...

2010-08-31

275

Stakeholders' implicit claims and accounting method choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on theory and anecdotal evidence, we argue that ongoing implicit claims between a firm and its customers, suppliers, employees, and short-term creditors create incentives for management to choose long-run income-increasing accounting methods. Variables selected to proxy for the extent to which a firm depends on these implicit claims are found to be significant in explaining cross-sectional variation in inventory

Robert M. Bowen; Larry DuCharme; D. Shores

1995-01-01

276

Temperature Compensation of Transistor Integrator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is shown that the temperature dependence of an inverted transistor can be very effectively used for temperature compensation. Conditions were derived for complete compensation of an integrator amplifier with emitter follower output and single-stage amp...

C. P. Wang

1964-01-01

277

Experimental verification of stress compensation in the SBTC-cut  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors have demonstrated experimental verification of the stress compensation feature for the fast thickness shear mode of vibration of stress-compensated for B-mode and temperature-compensated for C-mode (SBTC)-cut quartz resonators. For the resonator design used in the cylindrical probe structure, the motional resistance for the B-mode of vibration was approximately 12% of that of the C-mode. The relatively large motional

MICHEL VALDOIS; BIKASH K. SINHA; JEAN JACQUES BOY

1989-01-01

278

The Poole-Frenkel Effect with Compensation Present  

Microsoft Academic Search

This extended Poole-Frenkel model includes the effects of compensation. The relative densities of donor and acceptor sites control the slope of the log J vs E1?2 plots. With only one type of site present, the slope equals that expected for Schottky emission [slope= (e3??&egr;&egr;0)1?2?2kT]. When sites of the opposite type compensate, the slope doubles. The degree of compensation must be

J. R. Yeargan; H. L. Taylor

1968-01-01

279

37 CFR 360.25 - Copies of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...UNDER COMPULSORY LICENSE Digital Audio Recording Devices and Media Royalty Claims § 360.25 Copies of claims. A claimant...and one copy of the claim to digital audio recording devices and media royalty...

2013-07-01

280

21 CFR 101.69 - Petitions for nutrient content claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Petitions for nutrient content claims. 101.69 Section 101.69 ...LABELING Specific Requirements for Nutrient Content Claims § 101.69 Petitions for nutrient content claims. (a) This section pertains...

2009-04-01

281

21 CFR 101.69 - Petitions for nutrient content claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Petitions for nutrient content claims. 101.69 Section 101.69 ...LABELING Specific Requirements for Nutrient Content Claims § 101.69 Petitions for nutrient content claims. (a) This section pertains...

2010-04-01

282

48 CFR 227.7003 - Claims for copyright infringement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Claims for copyright infringement. 227.7003 Section...REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Infringement Claims, Licenses...Assignments 227.7003 Claims for copyright infringement. The...

2013-10-01

283

32 CFR 536.132 - Procedure for processing UCMJ claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STATES Claims Cognizable Under Article 139, Uniform Code of Military... (a) Time limitations on submission of a claim. A claim...knowledge of the existence of Article 139, or lack of knowledge...otherwise cognizable under Article 139, UCMJ, the...

2013-07-01

284

76 FR 44504 - Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2700-AD63 Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement AGENCY: National Aeronautics...file a claim for patent or copyright infringement, and they also provide...administrative claims of patent and copyright infringement by NASA. In addition...

2011-07-26

285

77 FR 14686 - Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2700-AD63 Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement AGENCY: National Aeronautics...file a claim for patent or copyright infringement, and they also provide...NPRM) for patent and copyright infringement claims in the Federal...

2012-03-13

286

38 CFR 14.617 - Disposition of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Disposition of claims arising in Philippines. All claims arising under 38 U.S.C. 515(b) in the Philippines, including a complete investigation...foreign countries other than the Philippines. When a claim is...

2013-07-01

287

45 CFR 162.1401 - Health care claim status transaction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Health care claim status transaction. 162.1401 ...REQUIREMENTS ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Health Care Claim Status § 162.1401 Health care claim status transaction. The...

2013-10-01

288

33 CFR 211.24 - Disposition of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS...CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.24 Disposition of claims. (a) Real estate claims for...

2013-07-01

289

14 CFR 1245.202 - Contents of communication initiating claim.  

...NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PATENTS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement § 1245.202... (a) Requirements for claim. A patent or copyright infringement claim...

2014-01-01

290

42 CFR 456.722 - Electronic claims management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Management System for Outpatient Drug Claims § 456.722 Electronic...management system. (a) Point-of-sale system. Each Medicaid agency...processing claims for covered outpatient drugs, a point-of-sale electronic claims...

2013-10-01

291

9 CFR 50.12 - Claims for indemnity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.12 Claims for indemnity...Claims for Federal indemnity for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis shall be presented on indemnity claim forms...

2012-01-01

292

9 CFR 50.12 - Claims for indemnity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.12 Claims for indemnity...Claims for Federal indemnity for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis shall be presented on indemnity claim forms...

2010-01-01

293

9 CFR 50.12 - Claims for indemnity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.12 Claims for indemnity...Claims for Federal indemnity for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis shall be presented on indemnity claim forms...

2011-01-01

294

9 CFR 50.12 - Claims for indemnity.  

...LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.12 Claims for indemnity...Claims for Federal indemnity for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis shall be presented on indemnity claim forms...

2014-01-01

295

Deferred Compensation Becomes More Common  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key part of the compensation package for some college and university presidents is money that they do not receive in their paychecks. Formally known as deferred compensation, such payments can take many forms, including supplemental retirement pay, severance pay, or even bonuses. With large institutions leading the way, deferred compensation has…

June, Audrey Williams

2006-01-01

296

2007 CEO Compensation Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Charity Navigator provides high-quality information about charities in order "to advance a more efficient and responsive philanthropic marketplace." One of the more recently published studies is the 2007 CEO Compensation Study. Visitors can read this annotated report here in its entirety, and it contains a wealth of information about the subject. In the year 2007, their research shows that the top leaders of the 5242 largest charities in America earn an average salary of $145,270. While this amount may strike some as rather large, the report also notes that CEO compensation accounts for just 3.37% of the average organization's spending. The report contains a number of helpful charts, such as those that list average CEO salary by geographic region and by size of charity.

2007-08-01

297

Relationship between tort claims and patient incident reports in the Veterans Health Administration  

PubMed Central

Objective: The Veterans Health Administration's patient incident reporting system was established to obtain comprehensive data on adverse events that affect patients and to act as a harbinger for risk management. It maintains a dataset of tort claims that are made against Veterans Administration's employees acting within the scope of employment. In an effort to understand the thoroughness of reporting, we examined the relationship between tort claims and patient incident reports (PIRs). Methods: Using social security and record numbers, we matched 8260 tort claims and 32 207 PIRs from fiscal years 1993–2000. Tort claims and PIRs were considered to be related if the recorded dates of incident were within 1 month of each other. Descriptive statistics, odds ratios, and two sample t tests with unequal variances were used to determine the relationship between PIRs and tort claims. Results: 4.15% of claims had a related PIR. Claim payment (either settlement or judgment for plaintiff) was more likely when associated with a PIR (OR 3.62; 95% CI 2.87 to 4.60). Payment was most likely for medication errors (OR 8.37; 95% CI 2.05 to 73.25) and least likely for suicides (OR 0.25; 95% CI 0.11 to 0.55). Conclusions: Although few tort claims had a related PIR, if a PIR was present the tort claim was more likely to result in a payment; moreover, the payment was likely to be higher. Underreporting of patient incidents that developed into tort claims was evident. Our findings suggest that, in the Veterans Health Administration, there is a higher propensity to both report and settle PIRs with bad outcomes.

Schmidek, J; Weeks, W

2005-01-01

298

40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false General provisions for confidentiality claims. 725.80 Section...PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information...80 General provisions for confidentiality claims. (a) A...

2010-07-01

299

40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false General provisions for confidentiality claims. 725.80 Section...PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information...80 General provisions for confidentiality claims. (a) A...

2009-07-01

300

A follow up study of vibration induced white finger in compensation claimants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To follow up vibration induced white finger (VWF) in a selected group of 73 vibration exposed workers who claimed unsuccessfully for VWF compensation at a first examination.Methods: The VWF claimants were sent to our unit by the National Insurance Institute. The basic compensatory criteria included a positive history of VWF and abnormal cold response of the digital arteries. Following

M Bovenzi; A Della Vedova; C Negro

2005-01-01

301

Safety Is 99 Percent Attitude: Strategies to Contain Workers' Compensation Costs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Denver (Colorado) reduced workers' compensation losses 97 percent in 1990-91 by developing a master safety plan, sponsoring safety training, managing medical costs, providing modified duty for injured employees, screening applicants, orienting new employees, investigating claims thoroughly, performing life-safety audits, and…

Parnell, Janet

1993-01-01

302

Policy analysis of workplace rehabilitation policy within workers' compensation arrangements in NSW coal mines from 1987 to 1997: towards improved occupational health outcomes for injured coal miners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workplace rehabilitation gained greater prominence as a means of both containing the costs of workers’ compensation claims and improving return to work outcomes for injured workers following a period of policy debate and reform from the late 1970s to the mid-1990s. As a result, rehabilitation was integrated into workers’ compensation arrangements throughout Australia. However, coal mines in NSW took a

Natalie Pelham

2005-01-01

303

77 FR 60028 - Proposed Information Collection (Pre-Discharge Compensation Claim) Activity: Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA...the following collection of information, VBA invites comments on: (1) Whether the...necessary for the proper performance of VBA's functions, including whether the...

2012-10-01

304

76 FR 58566 - Proposed Information Collection (Report of Accidental Injury in Support of Claim for Compensation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA...the following collection of information, VBA invites comments on: (1) Whether the...necessary for the proper performance of VBA's functions, including whether the...

2011-09-21

305

76 FR 76772 - Submission for Review: Standard Form 1153: Claim for Unpaid Compensation of Deceased Civilian...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Standard Form 1153...Deceased Civilian Employee AGENCY: U.S...deceased Federal employee or who believe that their relationship to the deceased entitles...deceased Federal employee. OPM needs...

2011-12-08

306

76 FR 54809 - Submission for Review: Standard Form 1153: Claim for Unpaid Compensation of Deceased Civilian...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Standard Form 1153...Deceased Civilian Employee AGENCY: U.S...deceased Federal employee or who believe that their relationship to the deceased entitles...deceased Federal employee. OPM needs...

2011-09-02

307

62 FR 28393 - Radiation Exposure Compensation Act: Evidentiary Requirements; Definitions and Number of Claims...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...he or she stopped smoking at least fifteen...diagnosis of primary cancer of the esophagus...and did not resume smoking at any time thereafter...diagnosis of primary cancer of the lung and did not resume smoking at any time...

1997-05-23

308

Development of site profiles for dose reconstruction used in worker compensation claims.  

PubMed

For the purpose of dose reconstruction, personal dosimeter data and measured intakes through bioassay analysis (i.e., in-vivo and in-vitro measurements) should be used whenever possible and given precedence over area monitoring data, survey data, or source term data. However, this is not always possible. A worker's exposure record may be incomplete or missing, or, based on directives and guidelines at the time, a worker may not have been monitored during his or her time of employment. In an effort to recognize, analyze, and incorporate all possible considerations of potential exposures, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Radiation Dose Reconstruction Program developed "site profiles" for all of the major U.S. Department of Energy sites and Atomic Weapons Employer sites. Site profiles are technical documents that (1) provide a brief, general overview of the site; (2) identify the facilities on site with a brief description of the processes and radionuclides used in these processes; (3) contain detailed information on the historical detection limits for film, thermoluminescent dosimeter, and bioassay measurements that are used by the dose reconstructor to interpret a worker's available monitoring records; and (4) provide important supporting information for the dose reconstructor to use if the monitoring data are inadequate or unavailable. When a complete set of monitoring data for an individual is unavailable, it is the parameters in the site profile that are of the most use to the dose reconstructor. These parameters include facility monitoring data (by radionuclide, mechanism of intake, year of exposure, location within a facility); occupational medical x rays and techniques used; environmental measurements (by area on site, radiation type, energy range); minimum detectable activities of the types and kinds of instruments used to detect the different radionuclides; specific source terms (quantities of material and their molecular form) within each facility or process; and specifics of the overall dosimetry programs as they evolved over time. An additional benefit of having a site profile for a site is that it promotes consistency among the numerous health physicists that are working on the project. Resources used in the development of site profiles include technical basis documents for external and internal dosimetry programs, facility descriptions, environmental reports, safety analysis reports, input from past and present site workers, and other reports that have been written to describe the workplace environments within the facilities. PMID:18545029

Kenoyer, Judson L; Scalsky, Edward D; Taulbee, Timothy D

2008-07-01

309

28 CFR 79.3 - Compensable claim categories under the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...atmospheric detonation of nuclear devices at the Nevada Test Site due to their...participation onsite in a test involving the atmospheric detonation of a nuclear device, the amount...atmospheric detonation of nuclear devices at the Nevada Test Site due to...

2013-07-01

310

69 FR 13628 - Civil Division; Claims Under the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Amendments of 2000...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...decontamination of ships involved in Operation Crossroads; the period of atmospheric nuclear...decontamination of ships involved in Operation Crossroads shall run from June 28, 1946, through...and refiled under the Act. (4) Any violation of paragraph (b) of this section...

2004-03-23

311

22 CFR 193.4 - Consideration and denial of claims: Notification of determinations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...determinations. 193.4 Section 193.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE HOSTAGE RELIEF BENEFITS FOR HOSTAGES IN IRAQ, KUWAIT, OR LEBANON § 193.4 Consideration and denial of claims: Notification of determinations. (a) No...

2013-04-01

312

45 CFR 1160.11 - Certification of claim and amount of loss to the Congress.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES FEDERAL COUNCIL ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES INDEMNITIES UNDER THE ARTS AND ARTIFACTS INDEMNITY ACT § 1160.11 Certification of claim...

2013-10-01

313

Compensation for occupational skin diseases.  

PubMed

The Korean list of occupational skin diseases was amended in July 2013. The past list was constructed according to the causative agent and the target organ, and the items of that list had not been reviewed for a long period. The revised list was reconstructed to include diseases classified by the International Classification of Diseases (10th version). Therefore, the items of compensable occupational skin diseases in the amended list in Korea comprise contact dermatitis; chemical burns; Stevens-Johnson syndrome; tar-related skin diseases; infectious skin diseases; skin injury-induced cellulitis; and skin conditions resulting from physical factors such as heat, cold, sun exposure, and ionized radiation. This list will be more practical and convenient for physicians and workers because it follows a disease-based approach. The revised list is in accordance with the International Labor Organization list and is refined according to Korean worker's compensation and the actual occurrence of occupational skin diseases. However, this revised list does not perfectly reflect the actual status of skin diseases because of the few cases of occupational skin diseases, incomplete statistics of skin diseases, and insufficient scientific evidence. Thus, the list of occupational diseases should be modified periodically on the basis of recent evidence and statistics. PMID:25006325

Song, Han-Soo; Ryou, Hyun-Chul

2014-06-01

314

Peer group ties and executive compensation networks.  

PubMed

Publicly traded firms in the US typically determine C.E.O. compensation by benchmarking the pay of their C.E.O.s against the pay of C.E.O.s in "peer" firms. Consequently, executive compensation is influenced not only by firm-level characteristics, but also by the selection and actions of the firm's immediate peers as well as by the structure of the executive compensation network overall. Analyzing compensation peer group choices made by the same 1183 firms for F.Y. 2007, 2008 and 2009, we find that while the typical compensation peer is similar in size and industry to the firm that chose it, deviations from this norm are common, especially among larger firms, and tend to be towards larger firms with better paid CEOs. Further analysis shows that firms who pay CEOs well relative to the pay that would be predicted from their revenues, return on assets, and industry tend to have greater aspiration bias in their group of named peers. PMID:24090860

Pittinsky, Matthew; Diprete, Thomas A

2013-11-01

315

HOW MUCH COMPENSATION CAN CEOS PERMISSIBLY ACCEPT?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debates about the ethics of executive compensation are dominated by familiar themes. Many writers consider whether the amount of pay CEOs receive is too large - relative to firm performance, foreign CEO pay, or employee pay. Many others consider whether the process by which CEOs are paid is compromised by weak or self-serving boards of directors. This paper examines the

Jeffrey Moriarty

316

An observer-based compensator for distributed delays  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents an algorithm for compensating delays that are distributed between the sensor(s), controller and actuator(s) within a control loop. This observer-based algorithm is specially suited to compensation of network-induced delays in integrated communication and control systems. The robustness of the algorithm relative to plant model uncertainties has been examined.

Luck, Rogelio; Ray, Asok

1990-01-01

317

Experimental investigation of a dual compensation chamber loop heat pipe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work performs a fundamental study of a Dual Compensation Chamber Loop Heat Pipe (DCCLHP) through partial visualization of the flow phenomenon inside its compensation chambers and the condenser. Both startup and steady-state performance of the DCCLHP and the influence of initial vapor–liquid distribution, startup heat load, heat sink temperature and relative orientations on the performance of the DCCLHP are

Guiping Lin; Nan Li; Lizhan Bai; Dongsheng Wen

2010-01-01

318

Method of temperature error compensation in strain transducers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of compensation for the temperature error of semiconductor bridge strain transducers is described. It is based on the use of a strain gage bridge as the temperature-sensitive element and controllable source of current for supply to the bridge. The supply current is regulated to compensate for variation in temperature sensitivity in relation to bridge resistance by means of

Ch'e En Un; S. R. Simakov

1993-01-01

319

Final Report of the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Committee  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the final report of the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) Committee published in July 1996. This report makes recommendations about policy issues relating to compensation for uranium workers with lung cancer and nonmalignant respiratory diseases. This report also includes an appendix that addresses the establishment of data-based criteria for radon-associated lung cancer.

Energy, Department O.

320

31 CFR 535.222 - Suspension of claims eligible for Claims Tribunal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...All claims which may be presented to the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal under...the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, dated January 19, 1981, and all...proceeding commenced by the Government of Iran, any political subdivision of Iran,...

2013-07-01

321

32 CFR 536.130 - Claims not cognizable as UCMJ claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...their employment, including claims resulting from combat activities or noncombat activities, as those terms are defined in the Glossary of AR 27-20. (d) Claims resulting from the conduct of Reserve component personnel who are not subject to the UCMJ...

2013-07-01

322

[Urological diseases most frequently involved in medical professional liability claims].  

PubMed

Clinical safety and medical professional liability are international major concerns, especially in surgical specialties such as urology. This article analyzes the claims filed at the Council of Medical Colleges of Catalonia between 1990 and 2012, exploring urology procedures. The review of the 173 cases identified in the database highlighted the importance of surgical procedures (74%). Higher frequencies related to scrotaltesticular pathology (34%), especially testicular torsion (7.5%) and vasectomy (19.6%), and prostate pathology (26 %), more specifically the surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (17.9%). Although urology is not among the specialties with the higher frequency of claims, there are special areas of litigation in which it is advisable to implement improvements in clinical safety. PMID:24913755

Vargas-Blasco, César; Gómez-Durán, Esperanza L; Arimany-Manso, Josep; Pera-Bajo, Francisco

2014-03-01

323

75 FR 29531 - Frequency Regulation Compensation in the Organized Wholesale Power Markets; Supplemental Notice...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. AD10-11-000] Frequency Regulation Compensation in the Organized Wholesale Power Markets...conference will provide a forum to consider issues related to frequency regulation compensation in organized electric markets....

2010-05-26

324

The Search for Equitable Compensation for Religious Teaching in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses issues related to stipend, compensation, and benefit levels for the religious working in Catholic schools. Stresses the need for the development of a new, more equitable model of compensation. (CBC)

Steinkamp, Kathleen

1985-01-01

325

75 FR 17037 - Federal Home Loan Bank Directors' Eligibility, Elections, Compensation and Expenses  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2590-AA03, 2590-AA31 and 2590-AA34 Federal Home Loan Bank Directors' Eligibility, Elections, Compensation and...separate proposed rules, which relate to Federal Home Loan Bank (Bank) director elections and director compensation,...

2010-04-05

326

SOFIA image motion compensation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a laboratory simulation of an image motion compensation system for SOFIA that uses high-speed image acquisition from the science instrument HIPO as the sensing element of the system and a Newport voice-coil actuated fast steering mirror as the correcting actuator. Performance of the system when coupled to the SOFIA secondary mirror is estimated based on the known current performance of the secondary mirror controller. The system is described and the observed performance is presented together with expectations for applicability in flight with SOFIA.

Dunham, Edward; Collins, Peter; Reinacher, Andreas; Lampater, Ulrich

2010-07-01

327

Hedging contingent claims on defaultable assets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the JLT model (Jarrow, Lando and Turnbull), this paper represents a defaultable asset as a continuous stochastic process plus a Poisson jump modelling the bankruptcy event. It is shown that if the recovery condition is known beforehand, a contingent claim can be hedged by a position in the defaultable asset and a risk-free instrument. In addition, the claim must satisfy a jump-diffusion equation and a risk-neutral representation is obtained using this equation. Examples include the price of a risky zero-coupon bond with a fixed recovery value and the prices of risky Call/Put options on corporate instruments (instrument terminates upon default). .

Beumee, Johan G. B.

2001-02-01

328

28 CFR 801.3 - Processing the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Processing the claim. (a) Will CSOSA/PSA contact you about your claim? (1...filing date (that is, the date CSOSA/PSA received your claim) and the assigned...correspondence you may have with CSOSA/PSA on the claim. (2) If you have...

2009-07-01

329

28 CFR 801.3 - Processing the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Processing the claim. (a) Will CSOSA/PSA contact you about your claim? (1...filing date (that is, the date CSOSA/PSA received your claim) and the assigned...correspondence you may have with CSOSA/PSA on the claim. (2) If you have...

2010-07-01

330

10 CFR 950.35 - Payment of final claim determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Once a Final Claim Determination is reached by the methods set forth in this subpart, the parties intend that such a Final Claim Determination shall constitute a final settlement of the claim and the sponsor may immediately present to the Department a Final Claim Determination for...

2010-01-01

331

Modeling the contribution of speeding and impaired driving to insurance claim counts and costs when contributing factors are unknown  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: There are no specific indicators for distinguishing insurance claims related to speeding and impaired driving in the information warehouse at the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia. Contributing factors are only recorded for that part of the claim data that is also reported by the police. Most published statistics on crashes that are related to alcohol or speeding are based

Yvonne Y. Zheng; Peter J. Cooper; C. B. Dean

2007-01-01

332

77 FR 22204 - Administrative Claims Under the Federal Tort Claims Act and Related Statutes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...communication and electronic devices. Section 15.210...order. Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 This...circumstances and a medical evaluation must...injury, including pain and suffering...communication and electronic devices subject to the limitations...including accident and medical reports,...

2012-04-13

333

77 FR 22236 - Administrative Claims Under the Federal Tort Claims Act and Related Statutes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...communication and electronic devices. Section 15.210...order. Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 This...circumstances and a medical evaluation must...injury, including pain and suffering...communication and electronic devices subject to the limitations...including accident and medical reports,...

2012-04-13

334

20 CFR 10.737 - How is a LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO claim?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How is a LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO claim? 10.737 Section 10.737 Employees...Law Enforcement Officers § 10.737 How is a LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO claim?...

2010-04-01

335

20 CFR 10.737 - How is a LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO claim?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false How is a LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO claim? 10.737 Section 10.737 Employees...Law Enforcement Officers § 10.737 How is a LEO claim filed, and who can file a LEO claim?...

2009-04-01

336

The Legal Standard for Employment Discrimination Claims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Hicks," the Supreme Court handed down an opinion that rewrites the legal standard in deciding intentional discrimination claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Provides a brief background of intentional discrimination; summarizes the Court's opinion, that clearly tilts the balance in favor of employers, and the dissent; and…

Allred, Stephen

1994-01-01

337

44 CFR 11.73 - Allowable claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...custody of a carrier, an agent or agency of the Government...000.00. (4) Mobile homes. Claims may...structural deficiency of the mobile home and that it was...loss of tires mounted on mobile homes may be allowed...the claimant, their agent, or their...

2013-10-01

338

76 FR 5395 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...surface and subsurface estates in certain lands pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The lands are located east of Sand Point, Alaska, and aggregate 86.80 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage...

2011-01-31

339

Claimed walking distance of lower limb amputees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Walking ability in general and specifically for lower limb amputees is of major importance for social mobility and ADL independence. Walking determines prosthesis prescription. The aim of this study was to mathematically analyse factors influencing claimed walking distance of lower limb amputees of 500 m or more. Method: A total of 437 patients returned two questionnaires: the Groningen Questionnaire

JAN H. B. GEERTZEN; JOLINE C. BOSMANS; CEES P. VAN DER SCHANS; PIETER U. DIJKSTRA

2005-01-01

340

Lickona Promotes False Claims about Sex Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In articles on sex and character education in the November 1993 "Educational Leadership," Thomas Lickona parrots slogans and fake history and statistics contrived by the Religious Right. Lickona blames Darwin's evolution theory for variable morality and repeats fabricated success claims for Teen-Aid and Sex Respect, right-wing programs funded…

Bennetta, William J.

1994-01-01

341

Alternative libertarian claims and Sen's paradox  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the ways of escaping from Sen's impossibility of a Paretian liberal is to weaken Sen's libertarian condition imposed on the collective choice rule. This paper compares three different versions of a revised libertarian claim: (1) Gibbard's theory of alienable rights (1974), (2) Gaertner's and Krüger's approach of self-supporting preferences (1981), and (3) a modification of Gibbard's theory which

Lorenz Krüger; Wulf Gaertner

1983-01-01

342

16 CFR 260.8 - Degradable claims.  

...marketer advertises its trash bags using an unqualified “degradable...Consumers, however, place trash bags into the solid waste stream...advertises a commercial agricultural plastic mulch film with the claim...deceptive. Example 4: A plastic six-pack ring...

2014-01-01

343

Claims of Philosophy, Education and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a response to Richard Pring's "Reclaiming Philosophy for Educational Research," which appears in this issue. While it provides broad support for the case for the importance of philosophy in the study of education that Pring advances, it seeks to refine and to extend this. It does this through a consideration of three sets of claims.…

Standish, Paul

2007-01-01

344

78 FR 16527 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The lands are located southwest of Eyak, AK, and contain 169.55 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times for four consecutive weeks in the Anchorage Daily...

2013-03-15

345

77 FR 72383 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Newtok, Alaska, and contain 0.16 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision within the...

2012-12-05

346

Mental Anguish Claims in Medical Malpractice Cases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Claims alleging mental anguish are becoming more common in medical malpractice actions. The reasons for this trend are not readily apparent. One factor may be that, although mental anguish is more difficult to prove than physical injury, the amount of mon...

J. G. Zimmerly W. A. Oleniewski

1973-01-01

347

76 FR 53151 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...below pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.). The lands are in the vicinity of Hughes, Alaska, and are located in: Kateel River Meridian, Alaska T. 7 N., R. 21 E., Secs. 24 and 25. Containing...

2011-08-25

348

75 FR 41511 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands...1-800- 877-8339, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. John Leaf, Land Law Examiner, Land Transfer Adjudication II...

2010-07-16

349

76 FR 22414 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands...BLM. The BLM will reply during normal business hours. John Leaf, Land Law Examiner, Land Transfer Adjudication II...

2011-04-21

350

76 FR 3156 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands...1-800-877-8339, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. John Leaf, Land Law Examiner, Land Transfer Adjudication II...

2011-01-19

351

78 FR 10634 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...also be published four times for four consecutive weeks in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming...business hours. In addition, the FIRS is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to leave a message or question with the BLM....

2013-02-14

352

The EFSA health claims 'learning experience'.  

PubMed

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has recently highlighted the need to provide scientific requirements for health claims and to find new regulatory issues for healthy food products. For this reason, EFSA asked its Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) panel to draft additional guidelines on scientific assessment of these claims. A new approach for a strict substantiation of health issues in selected fields: the Regulation (EC) No. 1924/2006 established in fact that health claims applications should only be authorized after a high level of scientific validation conducted by EFSA using appropriate measures in this evaluation. The legislation should not only protect consumers but also define specific research areas with appropriate outcome measures to assess the quality, relevance and adequacy of studies conducted for scientific validation of health claims. The new system was not only a necessary support for consumers to make the correct choice of products, but rather a way for EFSA to demonstrate transparency of this new approach. This was the field of the pharmaceutical industry, this new regulation is, therefore, also for EFSA, an expensive learning process. PMID:22087565

Vero, Vittoria; Gasbarrini, Antonio

2012-03-01

353

78 FR 75944 - Commencement of Claims Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya'' (``Claims Settlement...et al. v. Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (D.D.C.) 1:94-cv-02444-SS...Baker v. Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (D.D.C.) 03-...

2013-12-13

354

76 FR 61737 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Noatak, Alaska, and contain 4.14 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision within the...

2011-10-05

355

75 FR 28816 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Yukon, Alaska, aggregating 184.61 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: The time limits for filing an appeal are: 1. Any party claiming a property interest which is adversely...

2010-05-24

356

76 FR 65530 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Station, Alaska, and contain 2.10 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision within the...

2011-10-21

357

76 FR 75899 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Tuntutuliak, Alaska, and contain 23.70 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision within the...

2011-12-05

358

76 FR 23834 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...easement and to reject a State selection. Notice of the modified decision will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the change made by the modified decision...

2011-04-28

359

77 FR 16256 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mentasta, Alaska, and contain 7.25 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision within the...

2012-03-20

360

75 FR 8106 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...15 acres located on Adak Island, Alaska. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: The time limits for filing an appeal are: 1. Any party claiming a property interest which is adversely affected...

2010-02-23

361

77 FR 21802 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Village, Alaska, and contain 3.11 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision within the...

2012-04-11

362

Treatment with N- and C-Terminal Peptides of Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein Partly Compensate the Skeletal Abnormalities in IGF-I Deficient Mice  

PubMed Central

Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) deficiency causes growth delay, and IGF-I has been shown to partially mediate bone anabolism by parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH-related protein (PTHrP) is abundant in bone, and has osteogenic features by poorly defined mechanisms. We here examined the capacity of PTHrP (1–36) and PTHrP (107–111) (osteostatin) to reverse the skeletal alterations associated with IGF-I deficiency. Igf1-null mice and their wild type littermates were treated with each PTHrP peptide (80 µg/Kg/every other day/2 weeks; 2 males and 4 females for each genotype) or saline vehicle (3 males and 3 females for each genotype). We found that treatment with either PTHrP peptide ameliorated trabecular structure in the femur in both genotypes. However, these peptides were ineffective in normalizing the altered cortical structure at this bone site in Igf1-null mice. An aberrant gene expression of factors associated with osteoblast differentiation and function, namely runx2, osteoprotegerin/receptor activator of NF-?B ligand ratio, Wnt3a, cyclin D1, connexin 43, catalase and Gadd45, as well as in osteocyte sclerostin, was found in the long bones of Igf1-null mice. These mice also displayed a lower amount of trabecular osteoblasts and osteoclasts in the tibial metaphysis than those in wild type mice. These alterations in Igf1-null mice were only partially corrected by each PTHrP peptide treatment. The skeletal expression of Igf2, Igf1 receptor and Irs2 was increased in Igf1-null mice, and this compensatory profile was further improved by treatment with each PTHrP peptide related to ERK1/2 and FoxM1 activation. In vitro, PTHrP (1–36) and osteostatin were effective in promoting bone marrow stromal cell mineralization in normal mice but not in IGF-I-deficient mice. Collectively, these findings indicate that PTHrP (1–36) and osteostatin can exert several osteogenic actions even in the absence of IGF-I in the mouse bone.

Portal-Nunez, Sergio; Murillo-Cuesta, Silvia; Lozano, Daniel; Cediel, Rafael; Esbrit, Pedro

2014-01-01

363

Mining experimental evidence of molecular function claims from the literature  

PubMed Central

Motivation The rate at which gene-related findings appear in the scientific literature makes it difficult if not impossible for biomedical scientists to keep fully informed and up to date. The importance of these findings argues for the development of automated methods that can find, extract and summarize this information. This article reports on methods for determining the molecular function claims that are being made in a scientific article, specifically those that are backed by experimental evidence. Results The most significant result is that for molecular function claims based on direct assays, our methods achieved recall of 70.7% and precision of 65.7%. Furthermore, our methods correctly identified in the text 44.6% of the specific molecular function claims backed up by direct assays, but with a precision of only 0.92%, a disappointing outcome that led to an examination of the different kinds of errors. These results were based on an analysis of 1823 articles from the literature of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (budding yeast). Availability The annotation files for S.cerevisiae are available from ftp://genome-ftp.stanford.edu/pub/yeast/data_download/literature_curation/gene_association.sgd.gz. The draft protocol vocabulary is available by request from the first author. Contact crangle@converspeech.com

Crangle, Colleen E.; Cherry, J. Michael; Hong, Eurie L.; Zbyslaw, Alex; Wong, Limsoon

2011-01-01

364

An innovative approach to compensator design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design is considered of a computer-aided-compensator for a control system from a frequency domain point of view. The design technique developed is based on describing the open loop frequency response by n discrete frequency points which result in n functions of the compensator coefficients. Several of these functions are chosen so that the system specifications are properly portrayed; then mathematical programming is used to improve all of these functions which have values below minimum standards. To do this, several definitions in regard to measuring the performance of a system in the frequency domain are given, e.g., relative stability, relative attenuation, proper phasing, etc. Next, theorems which govern the number of compensator coefficients necessary to make improvements in a certain number of functions are proved. After this a mathematical programming tool for aiding in the solution of the problem is developed. This tool is called the constraint improvement algorithm. Then for applying the constraint improvement algorithm generalized, gradients for the constraints are derived. Finally, the necessary theory is incorporated in a Computer program called CIP (compensator Improvement Program). The practical usefulness of CIP is demonstrated by two large system examples.

Mitchell, J. R.; Mcdaniel, W. L., Jr.

1973-01-01

365

Are Reputation and Power Compensating Differentials in CEO Compensation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops and tests an inclusive, interdisciplinary model of executive com- pensation using agency theory as a founda- tion. The study introduces a theory-based multidimensional size index measure, and extends the literature by the inclusion of nonpecuniary compensation (prestige and power) in the model. The empirical test used data from chief executive oÅcer (CEO) compensation in 72 US firms

Frank L. Winfrey; John E. Logan

1998-01-01

366

Summing pressure compensation control  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a summing pressure compensator control for hydraulic loads with at least one of the hydraulic loads being a variable displacement motor having servo means for controlling the displacement thereof, first hydraulic means responsive to the supply of fluid to the variable displacement motor to provide a first pressure signal, second hydraulic means responsive to the supply of fluid to a second hydraulic load to provide a second pressure signal, summing means for receiving the first and second pressure signals and providing a control signal proportional to the sum of the first and second pressure signals, the control signal being applied to the servo means to increase the displacement of the variable displacement motor.

Myers, H.A.

1988-04-26

367

Temperature compensated photovoltaic array  

DOEpatents

A temperature compensated photovoltaic module (20) comprised of a series of solar cells (22) having a thermally activated switch (24) connected in parallel with several of the cells (22). The photovoltaic module (20) is adapted to charge conventional batteries having a temperature coefficient (TC) differing from the temperature coefficient (TC) of the module (20). The calibration temperatures of the switches (24) are chosen whereby the colder the ambient temperature for the module (20), the more switches that are on and form a closed circuit to short the associated solar cells (22). By shorting some of the solar cells (22) as the ambient temperature decreases, the battery being charged by the module (20) is not excessively overcharged at lower temperatures. PV module (20) is an integrated solution that is reliable and inexpensive.

Mosher, Dan Michael (Plano, TX)

1997-11-18

368

32 CFR 536.74 - Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...explained in subpart F of this part; or (2) Incident to the noncombat activities of the armed services (see AR 27-20, Glossary). (b) A tort claim arising in the United States, its commonwealths, territories, and possessions may be...

2013-07-01

369

Changing Conceptions of Employee Compensation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews and discusses many differing forms of incentive compensation systems that are being used in today's organizations. The review traces the roots of bonus compensation from individual piece-work plans through the adoption of organization-wide gain sharing plans to the growing recognition of open-book management. Reasons for the…

Dixon, Mark R.; Hayes, Linda J.

2004-01-01

370

Alternative Teacher Compensation: A Primer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy primer is designed to provide base-line information about new forms of teacher pay that are emerging around the country, to support the local conversations and negotiations that will lead to the development of innovative compensation systems. It identifies reasons why teacher compensation is high on local, state, and federal policy…

Koppich, Julia E.; Rigby, Jessica

2009-01-01

371

42 CFR 81.25 - Guidelines for claims including two or more primary cancers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES GUIDELINES FOR DETERMINING PROBABILITY OF CAUSATION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 Guidelines To Estimate Probability of Causation §...

2012-10-01

372

42 CFR 82.11 - For which claims under EEOICPA will NIOSH conduct a dose reconstruction?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES METHODS FOR CONDUCTING DOSE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 Dose Reconstruction Process § 82.11 For which...

2012-10-01

373

42 CFR 82.12 - Will it be possible to conduct dose reconstructions for all claims?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES METHODS FOR CONDUCTING DOSE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER THE ENERGY EMPLOYEES OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS COMPENSATION PROGRAM ACT OF 2000 Dose Reconstruction Process § 82.12 Will it be...

2012-10-01

374

Redesigning reservoir compensation releases for ecological beenfit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

River regulation is commonplace in England and much of the UK. Regulation for the purposes of public water supply causes flows downstream of a reservoir to be attenuated and the flow regime of the channel to be altered. The impact of channel impoundment on a small, upland UK river, has been assessed and methods for mitigation of ecological impacts explored. The method utilised a unique macroinvertebrate data set for pre- and post-impoundment periods to quantify the impact of Derwent Reservoir and the steady, continuous compensation release into the River Derwent, Northumberland. Impacts on the hydrological regime were also investigated and links drawn between changes in flow regime and changes in macroinvertebrate richness and diversity as a result of impoundment. In response to the claim that the impoundment has caused a change in flow regime and had deleterious effects on fish and macroinvertebrates, a compensation redesign tool (CRAB: Compensation Release Assessment at the Broad scale) was employed to design new compensation release regimes from the reservoir which account for the seasonal flow requirements of a number of key fish species. The impact of impoundment on the current flow regime was modelled and the impacts of predicted new regimes were predicted, using a 1D hydrodynamic model (HEC-RAS), as part of a modelling process known as CRAM (Compensation Release Assessment at the Meso-scale). Depth and velocity were the foci of the analysis as they are the two habitat requirements most well documented for the fish species in question, they could be modelled using HEC-RAS and they can act as surrogates for other habitat parameters such as temperature and substrate. The suitability of the depth and velocity combinations predicted using the HEC-RAS model were assessed using fuzzy-rule based modelling, which allowed the habitat quality of a given parameter combination to be quantified. Based on the results of the investigation it was concluded that there has been a change in flow regime and in ecological community structure since impoundment. The flow regime of the River Derwent has become less flashy with fewer extreme events, while macroinvertebrate richness and diversity have increased. The new flow regimes that were designed by CRAB, based on the depth and velocity requirements of brown trout, grayling and Atlantic salmon were predicted through CRAM to have minimal benefits for the fish populations of the River Derwent and it was concluded that no changes to flow regime should be made based solely on the assessment of habitat for fish. Impacts for the macroinvertebrate communities must also be considered as well as the impacts on other aspects of fish habitat including temperature, substrate and cover. A more detailed, micro-scale investigation into the effects of changing flow regime would be required to warrant a change in compensation release regime from Derwent Reservoir.

Maynard, Carly

2010-05-01

375

An alternative valuation model for contingent claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies contingent claim valuation in a Lucas-type exchange economy. The derived fundamental valuation equation differs from its Cox-Ingersoll-Ross production-economy counterpart in that it is expressed in terms of the direct utility function and an exogenous output process, thus offering superior tractability. We apply our approach to derive closed-form solutions for bond, bond option, individual stock, and stock option

Gurdip S. Bakshi; Zhiwu Chen

1997-01-01

376

Equilibrium Valuation of Foreign Exchange Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article studies the equilibrium valuation of foreign exchange contingent claims. Within a continuous-time Lucas (1982) two-country model, exchange rates, interest rates, and, in particular, factor risk prices are all endogenously and jointly determined. This guarantees the internal consistency of these price processes with a general equilibrium. In the same model, closed-form valuation formulas are presented for currency options and

Gurdip S. Bakshi; Zhiwu Chen

1997-01-01

377

Postural compensation for unilateral vestibular loss.  

PubMed

Postural control of upright stance was investigated in well-compensated, unilateral vestibular loss (UVL) subjects compared to age-matched control subjects. The goal was to determine how sensory weighting for postural control in UVL subjects differed from control subjects, and how sensory weighting related to UVL subjects' functional compensation, as assessed by standardized balance and dizziness questionnaires. Postural control mechanisms were identified using a model-based interpretation of medial-lateral center-of-mass body-sway evoked by support-surface rotational stimuli during eyes-closed stance. The surface-tilt stimuli consisted of continuous pseudorandom rotations presented at four different amplitudes. Parameters of a feedback control model were obtained that accounted for each subject's sway response to the surface-tilt stimuli. Sensory weighting factors quantified the relative contributions to stance control of vestibular sensory information, signaling body-sway relative to earth-vertical, and proprioceptive information, signaling body-sway relative to the surface. Results showed that UVL subjects made significantly greater use of proprioceptive, and therefore less use of vestibular, orientation information on all tests. There was relatively little overlap in the distributions of sensory weights measured in UVL and control subjects, although UVL subjects varied widely in the amount they could use their remaining vestibular function. Increased reliance on proprioceptive information by UVL subjects was associated with their balance being more disturbed by the surface-tilt perturbations than control subjects, thus indicating a deficiency of balance control even in well-compensated UVL subjects. Furthermore, there was some tendency for UVL subjects who were less able to utilize remaining vestibular information to also indicate worse functional compensation on questionnaires. PMID:21922014

Peterka, Robert J; Statler, Kennyn D; Wrisley, Diane M; Horak, Fay B

2011-01-01

378

Postural Compensation for Unilateral Vestibular Loss  

PubMed Central

Postural control of upright stance was investigated in well-compensated, unilateral vestibular loss (UVL) subjects compared to age-matched control subjects. The goal was to determine how sensory weighting for postural control in UVL subjects differed from control subjects, and how sensory weighting related to UVL subjects’ functional compensation, as assessed by standardized balance and dizziness questionnaires. Postural control mechanisms were identified using a model-based interpretation of medial–lateral center-of-mass body-sway evoked by support-surface rotational stimuli during eyes-closed stance. The surface-tilt stimuli consisted of continuous pseudorandom rotations presented at four different amplitudes. Parameters of a feedback control model were obtained that accounted for each subject’s sway response to the surface-tilt stimuli. Sensory weighting factors quantified the relative contributions to stance control of vestibular sensory information, signaling body-sway relative to earth-vertical, and proprioceptive information, signaling body-sway relative to the surface. Results showed that UVL subjects made significantly greater use of proprioceptive, and therefore less use of vestibular, orientation information on all tests. There was relatively little overlap in the distributions of sensory weights measured in UVL and control subjects, although UVL subjects varied widely in the amount they could use their remaining vestibular function. Increased reliance on proprioceptive information by UVL subjects was associated with their balance being more disturbed by the surface-tilt perturbations than control subjects, thus indicating a deficiency of balance control even in well-compensated UVL subjects. Furthermore, there was some tendency for UVL subjects who were less able to utilize remaining vestibular information to also indicate worse functional compensation on questionnaires.

Peterka, Robert J.; Statler, Kennyn D.; Wrisley, Diane M.; Horak, Fay B.

2011-01-01

379

Premium analysis for copula model: A case study for Malaysian motor insurance claims  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study performs premium analysis for copula models with regression marginals. For illustration purpose, the copula models are fitted to the Malaysian motor insurance claims data. In this study, we consider copula models from Archimedean and Elliptical families, and marginal distributions of Gamma and Inverse Gaussian regression models. The simulated results from independent model, which is obtained from fitting regression models separately to each claim category, and dependent model, which is obtained from fitting copula models to all claim categories, are compared. The results show that the dependent model using Frank copula is the best model since the risk premiums estimated under this model are closely approximate to the actual claims experience relative to the other copula models.

Resti, Yulia; Ismail, Noriszura; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah

2014-06-01

380

Relative Entropy Credibility Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Consider a portfolio of personal motor insurance policies in which, for each policyholder in the portfolio, we want to assign a credibility factor at the end of each policy period that reflects the claim experience of the policyholder compared with the claim experience of the entire portfolio. In this paper we present the calculation of credibility factors based on the concept of relative entropy between the claim size distribution of the entire portfolio and the claim size distribution of the policyholder.

Fernández-Durán, Juan José; Gregorio-Domínguez, María Mercedes

2004-11-01

381

Prior History of Back Pain in Patients with Compensable and Non-Compensable Injuries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were collected retrospectively from insurance information forms and histories of 111 patients (ages 14-84) referred to physical therapy for evaluation of back and/or neck pain. Analysis indicated that patients with compensable (work-related or motor vehicle accident) injuries infrequently acknowledged prior episodes of back or neck pain. (JDD)

Pellecchia, Geraldine L.

1993-01-01

382

Claims-Based Definition of Death in Japanese Claims Database: Validity and Implications  

PubMed Central

Background For the pending National Claims Database in Japan, researchers will not have access to death information in the enrollment files. We developed and evaluated a claims-based definition of death. Methodology/Principal Findings We used healthcare claims and enrollment data between January 2005 and August 2009 for 195,193 beneficiaries aged 20 to 74 in 3 private health insurance unions. We developed claims-based definitions of death using discharge or disease status and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). We calculated sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values (PPVs) using the enrollment data as a gold standard in the overall population and subgroups divided by demographic and other factors. We also assessed bias and precision in two example studies where an outcome was death. The definition based on the combination of discharge/disease status and CCI provided moderate sensitivity (around 60%) and high specificity (99.99%) and high PPVs (94.8%). In most subgroups, sensitivity of the preferred definition was also around 60% but varied from 28 to 91%. In an example study comparing death rates between two anticancer drug classes, the claims-based definition provided valid and precise hazard ratios (HRs). In another example study comparing two classes of anti-depressants, the HR with the claims-based definition was biased and had lower precision than that with the gold standard definition. Conclusions/Significance The claims-based definitions of death developed in this study had high specificity and PPVs while sensitivity was around 60%. The definitions will be useful in future studies when used with attention to the possible fluctuation of sensitivity in some subpopulations.

Ooba, Nobuhiro; Setoguchi, Soko; Ando, Takashi; Sato, Tsugumichi; Yamaguchi, Takuhiro; Mochizuki, Mayumi; Kubota, Kiyoshi

2013-01-01

383

Unclaimed Injuries and Workers' Compensation Adequacy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The workers' compensation system was designed to provide health care and compensation for workers with occupational injuries or illness without regard to fault. Nearly all workers are covered by workers' compensation insurance, but not every worker that i...

D. Lakdawalla R. Reville

2005-01-01

384

Current Issues in Workers' Compensation. Papers Presented at a Conference Sponsored by the Institute of Management and Labor Relations and the Bureau of Economic Research, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey; the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University; and the Economics Department, University of Connecticut (New Brunswick, NJ, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume includes the following conference papers: "The Status and Direction of Workers' Compensation" (James R. Chelius); "The Minnesota Experience with Workers' Compensation Reform" (Steve Keefe); "The 1982 Changes in California" (Alan Tebb); "Two Rounds of Workers' Compensation Reform in Michigan" (H. Allan Hunt); "The Politics of Workers'…

Chelius, James, Ed.

385

Distrib uted interference compensation in wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We consider a distributed power control scheme for wireless ad hoc networks, in which each user announces,a price that reflects compensation,paid by other users for their interference. We present an asynchronous,distributed algorithm for updating power levels and prices. By relating this algorithm to myopic best response updates in a fictitious game, we are able to characterize convergence using supermodular

J. Huang; R. Berry; M. L. Honig

2005-01-01

386

37 CFR 360.12 - Form and content of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEES COLLECTED UNDER COMPULSORY LICENSE Satellite Claims § 360.12 Form and content...royalty fees for secondary transmissions by satellite carriers of television broadcast...accompanying instructions. (2) Copies of satellite claim forms are available:...

2013-07-01

387

15 CFR 2.5 - Adjudication and settlement of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...expeditious handling of claims, bearing in mind the applicable statutory time limitations for adjudications of claims. [32 FR 3769, Mar. 7, 1967, as amended at 48 FR 31636, July 11, 1983; 63 FR 29945, June 2,...

2009-01-01

388

9 CFR 56.6 - Presentation of claims for indemnity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE CONTROL AND ERADICATION OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES CONTROL OF H5/H7 LOW PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA § 56.6 Presentation of claims for indemnity. Claims for the following must be documented on...

2009-01-01

389

44 CFR 11.74 - Claims not allowed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CLAIMS Personnel Claims...valuable or expensive articles, such as cameras, watches, jewelry, furs, or other...provided that reasonable protection or security measures have been taken, by the...

2013-10-01

390

21 CFR 101.70 - Petitions for health claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...associated with the health benefit that is provided...the support of the health claim, including copies of publications or other information...270 of the date of publication of the proposal...authorizes use of the health claim or...

2009-04-01

391

21 CFR 101.70 - Petitions for health claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...associated with the health benefit that is provided...the support of the health claim, including copies of publications or other information...270 of the date of publication of the proposal...authorizes use of the health claim or...

2010-04-01

392

37 CFR 360.15 - Separate claims required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEES COLLECTED UNDER COMPULSORY LICENSE Satellite Claims § 360.15 Separate claims...for both cable compulsory license and satellite carrier compulsory license royalty...which purports to file for both cable and satellite carrier royalty fees will be...

2013-07-01

393

28 CFR 0.172 - Authority: Federal tort claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Investigation, and the Director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives shall have authority under...of a particular claim, as a practical matter, will or may control or adversely influence the disposition of other claims...

2013-07-01

394

9 CFR 50.20 - Claims for payment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... COOPERATIVE CONTROL AND ERADICATION OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS Dairy Cattle and Facilities in the El Paso, Texas, Region § 50.20 Claims for payment. Claims for payment, other...

2010-01-01

395

9 CFR 50.20 - Claims for payment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... COOPERATIVE CONTROL AND ERADICATION OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS Dairy Cattle and Facilities in the El Paso, Texas, Region § 50.20 Claims for payment. Claims for payment, other...

2009-01-01

396

40 CFR 303.33 - Filing a claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Washington, DC 20460. The claim envelope should also specify whether the information was submitted under a request for anonymity and whether such request is still in effect. All such externally identified claims shall be handled in accordance with...

2013-07-01

397

28 CFR 94.33 - Investigation and analysis of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Investigation and analysis of claims. 94.33 Section 94.33... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism...Administration § 94.33 Investigation and analysis of claims. The Director...

2013-07-01

398

28 CFR 94.33 - Investigation and analysis of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Investigation and analysis of claims. 94.33 Section 94.33... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism...Administration § 94.33 Investigation and analysis of claims. The Director...

2009-07-01

399

28 CFR 94.33 - Investigation and analysis of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Investigation and analysis of claims. 94.33 Section 94.33... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism...Administration § 94.33 Investigation and analysis of claims. The Director...

2010-07-01

400

How to File a Claim for Your Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

How To File A Claim For Your Benefits What the Law Does The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) ... folder outlines the steps you may take to file a claim and what to do if you ...

401

21 CFR 101.70 - Petitions for health claims.  

...2014-04-01 false Petitions for health claims. 101.70 Section 101.70...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD...FOOD LABELING Specific Requirements for Health Claims § 101.70 Petitions for...

2014-04-01

402

43 CFR 29.9 - Claims, settlement and adjudication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...settlement and adjudication. 29.9 Section 29.9 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior TRANS-ALASKA PIPELINE LIABILITY FUND § 29.9 Claims, settlement and adjudication. (a)(1) Claims in...

2013-10-01

403

21 CFR 101.74 - Health claims: sodium and hypertension.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...per day, the FDA Daily Value for sodium. (c) Requirements. (1...claim associating diets low in sodium with reduced risk of high blood pressure may...claim states that diets low in sodium âmayâ or âmightâ reduce...

2014-04-01

404

48 CFR 18.123 - Assignment of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Assignment of claims. 18.123 Section 18.123 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION...ACQUISITIONS Available Acquisition Flexibilities 18.123 Assignment of claims. The use of the...

2013-10-01

405

9 CFR 50.20 - Claims for payment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE CONTROL AND ERADICATION OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS Dairy Cattle and Facilities in the El Paso, Texas, Region § 50.20 Claims for payment. Claims for...

2012-01-01

406

9 CFR 50.20 - Claims for payment.  

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE CONTROL AND ERADICATION OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS Dairy Cattle and Facilities in the El Paso, Texas, Region § 50.20 Claims for payment. Claims for...

2014-01-01

407

9 CFR 50.20 - Claims for payment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE CONTROL AND ERADICATION OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS Dairy Cattle and Facilities in the El Paso, Texas, Region § 50.20 Claims for payment. Claims for...

2011-01-01

408

14 CFR 440.17 - Reciprocal waiver of claims requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Reciprocal waiver of claims requirements...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Financial Responsibility for Licensed and Permitted Activities § 440.17 Reciprocal waiver of claims...

2010-01-01

409

14 CFR 440.17 - Reciprocal waiver of claims requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Reciprocal waiver of claims requirements...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Financial Responsibility for Licensed and Permitted Activities § 440.17 Reciprocal waiver of claims...

2009-01-01

410

37 CFR 7.12 - Claim of color.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Claim of color. 7.12 Section 7.12 Patents, Trademarks...Originating From the United States § 7.12 Claim of color. (a) If color is claimed as a feature of the mark in the...

2013-07-01

411

16 CFR 260.15 - Renewable energy claims.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Renewable energy claims. 260.15 Section...MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.15 Renewable energy claims. (a) It is deceptive...product or package is made with renewable energy or that a service uses...

2014-01-01

412

24 CFR 207.258 - Insurance claim requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...period by written notice that a partial payment of insurance claim...Commissioner's consideration of a partial payment of claim, or the Commissioner's...request that a mortgagee accept partial payment of a claim in accordance...which may have attached or defects which may have arisen...

2013-04-01

413

43 CFR 3741.1 - Validation of certain mining claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Validation of certain mining claims. 3741.1 Section 3741.1...DEVELOPMENT Claims, Locations and Patents § 3741.1 Validation of certain mining claims. The Act in section 1(a)...

2013-10-01

414

32 CFR 536.29 - Revision of filed claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and acknowledged in accordance with § 536.27. (b) New claim. A new claim is filed whenever the writing alleges a new theory of liability, a new tortfeasor, a new party claimant, a different date or location for the claims incident, or...

2013-07-01

415

77 FR 44155 - Administration of Mining Claims and Sites  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1A] RIN 1004-AE27 Administration of Mining Claims and Sites AGENCY: Bureau of Land...locating, recording, and maintaining mining claims or sites. In this rule, the BLM...fee is calculated for unpatented placer mining claims. The law specifies that the...

2012-07-27

416

44 CFR 295.5 - Overview of the claims process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...brief explanation of the claims process for claims other than subrogation...that follow and explain the claims process in greater detail. In order...is available. (b) The first step in the process is to file a Notice of Loss...

2013-10-01

417

Claiming Europe: Native American Literary Responses to the Old World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Osage writer Carter Revard's short story, "Report to the Nation: Claiming Europe," the narrator claims much of England, France, Spain, Italy, and Greece for the Osage Nation. After asserting his claim, the narrator questions whether or not the French actually understood that their country therefore belonged to the Osage Nation. When he talks of…

Schweninger, Lee

2003-01-01

418

37 CFR 360.3 - Form and content of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...during the month of July for claims filed online in accordance with § 360.4(a)(1...address must be provided on claims submitted online through the Copyright Royalty Board Web...copyright owner, except for claims filed online through the Copyright Royalty Board...

2013-07-01

419

42 CFR 424.44 - Time limits for filing claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Time limits for filing claims. 424.44 Section...MEDICARE PAYMENT Claims for Payment § 424.44 Time limits for filing claims. (a) Time limits. (1) Except as provided in...

2013-10-01

420

32 CFR 516.35 - Preparation of claims for litigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...part) that demonstrates a factual basis for the claim and a theory of recovery under applicable state law. (See Fed. R. Civ...referring the claim for litigation should briefly summarize the facts giving rise to the claim and the collection actions...

2013-07-01

421

45 CFR 505.1 - Persons eligible to file claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PAYMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WAR CLAIMS ACT OF 1948, AS AMENDED...sections 5(i) and 6(f) of the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended...United States held as prisoners of war during the Vietnam conflict or their eligible...

2013-10-01

422

40 CFR 14.12 - Principal types of unallowable claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...types of unallowable claims. 14.12 Section 14.12 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...EMPLOYEE PERSONAL PROPERTY CLAIMS § 14.12 Principal types of unallowable claims...the employee or his/her agent; (k) Property used for personal...

2013-07-01

423

Compensation of distributed delays in integrated communication and control systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concept, analysis, implementation, and verification of a method for compensating delays that are distributed between the sensors, controller, and actuators within a control loop are discussed. With the objective of mitigating the detrimental effects of these network induced delays, a predictor-controller algorithm was formulated and analyzed. Robustness of the delay compensation algorithm was investigated relative to parametric uncertainties in plant modeling. The delay compensator was experimentally verified on an IEEE 802.4 network testbed for velocity control of a DC servomotor.

Ray, Asok; Luck, Rogelio

1991-01-01

424

Temperature Compensated Digital Inertial Sensor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A circuit which maintains the inertial element of a gyroscope or accelerometer at a constant position by delivering pulses to a rebalancing motor is discussed. The circuit compensates for temperature changes by using a temperature sensor that varies the t...

P. J. Hand

1974-01-01

425

Inverse Compensation for Ferromagnetic Hysteresis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper addresses the validation of an energy-based inverse compensator for hysteresis in ferromagnetic transducers. At moderate to high drive levels such transducers exhibit significant constitutive non-linearities and hysteresis due to domain mechani...

R. C. Smith R. Zrostlik

1999-01-01

426

Trait self-esteem and claimed self-handicapping motives in sports situations.  

PubMed

We examined the relationship between physical self-esteem and claimed self-handicapping among athletes by taking motives into consideration. In Study 1, 99 athletes were asked to report their tendency to engage in claimed self-handicapping for self-protective and self-enhancement motives (trait measures). Low self-esteem athletes reported a higher tendency to engage in claimed self-handicapping for these two motives compared with high self-esteem athletes. Neither low nor high self-esteem athletes reported a preference for one motive over the other. In Study 2, 107 athletes participated in a test that was ostensibly designed to assess high physical abilities - and thus to encourage self-handicapping for self-enhancement motives (success-meaningful condition) - or to assess low physical abilities, and thus to encourage self-handicapping for self-protective motives (failure-meaningful condition). Before starting the test, athletes were given the opportunity to claim handicaps that could impair their performance. Low self-esteem athletes claimed more handicaps than high self-esteem athletes in both conditions. Findings suggest that low physical self-esteem athletes engage more in claimed handicapping regardless of motives, relative to high physical self-esteem athletes. PMID:22963345

Finez, Lucie; Berjot, Sophie; Rosnet, Elisabeth; Cleveland, Christena; Tice, Dianne M

2012-12-01

427

Compensation following bilateral vestibular damage.  

PubMed

Bilateral loss of vestibular inputs affects far fewer patients than unilateral inner ear damage, and thus has been understudied. In both animal subjects and human patients, bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) produces a variety of clinical problems, including impaired balance control, inability to maintain stable blood pressure during postural changes, difficulty in visual targeting of images, and disturbances in spatial memory and navigational performance. Experiments in animals have shown that non-labyrinthine inputs to the vestibular nuclei are rapidly amplified following the onset of BVH, which may explain the recovery of postural stability and orthostatic tolerance that occurs within 10?days. However, the loss of the vestibulo-ocular reflex and degraded spatial cognition appear to be permanent in animals with BVH. Current concepts of the compensatory mechanisms in humans with BVH are largely inferential, as there is a lack of data from patients early in the disease process. Translation of animal studies of compensation for BVH into therapeutic strategies and subsequent application in the clinic is the most likely route to improve treatment. In addition to physical therapy, two types of prosthetic devices have been proposed to treat individuals with bilateral loss of vestibular inputs: those that provide tactile stimulation to indicate body position in space, and those that deliver electrical stimuli to branches of the vestibular nerve in accordance with head movements. The relative efficacy of these two treatment paradigms, and whether they can be combined to facilitate recovery, is yet to be ascertained. PMID:22207864

McCall, Andrew A; Yates, Bill J

2011-01-01

428

Compensation Following Bilateral Vestibular Damage  

PubMed Central

Bilateral loss of vestibular inputs affects far fewer patients than unilateral inner ear damage, and thus has been understudied. In both animal subjects and human patients, bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) produces a variety of clinical problems, including impaired balance control, inability to maintain stable blood pressure during postural changes, difficulty in visual targeting of images, and disturbances in spatial memory and navigational performance. Experiments in animals have shown that non-labyrinthine inputs to the vestibular nuclei are rapidly amplified following the onset of BVH, which may explain the recovery of postural stability and orthostatic tolerance that occurs within 10?days. However, the loss of the vestibulo-ocular reflex and degraded spatial cognition appear to be permanent in animals with BVH. Current concepts of the compensatory mechanisms in humans with BVH are largely inferential, as there is a lack of data from patients early in the disease process. Translation of animal studies of compensation for BVH into therapeutic strategies and subsequent application in the clinic is the most likely route to improve treatment. In addition to physical therapy, two types of prosthetic devices have been proposed to treat individuals with bilateral loss of vestibular inputs: those that provide tactile stimulation to indicate body position in space, and those that deliver electrical stimuli to branches of the vestibular nerve in accordance with head movements. The relative efficacy of these two treatment paradigms, and whether they can be combined to facilitate recovery, is yet to be ascertained.

McCall, Andrew A.; Yates, Bill J.

2011-01-01

429

Qui Tam: The False Claims Act and Related Federal Statutes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Qui tam is the process whereby an individual sues or prosecutes in the name of the government and shares in the proceeds of any successful litigation or settlement. Although frequently punitive, it is generally a civil procedure. Unlike antitrust, RICO, a...

C. Doyle

2009-01-01

430

Regional differences in dosage compensation on the chicken Z chromosome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Most Z chromosome genes in birds are expressed at a higher level in ZZ males than in ZW females, and thus are relatively ineffectively\\u000a dosage compensated. Some Z genes are compensated, however, by an unknown mechanism. Previous studies identified a non-coding\\u000a RNA in the male hypermethylated (MHM) region, associated with sex-specific histone acetylation, which has been proposed to\\u000a be involved

Esther Melamed; Arthur P Arnold

2007-01-01

431

Phase-Compensating System For Fiber-Optic Holography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Phase-compensating system controls relative phase of laser light emitted from two optical fibers. Stabilized for conventional holographic applications, or stepped through sequence of 90 degree phase shifts for phase-stepping holographic interferometry. Closed-loop system compensates for phase fluctuations caused by mechanical stresses and temperature changes in fibers, providing long-term phase stability and phase steps accurate to within 0.02 degrees. Controls environmental fluctuations in phases of light emitted by output fibers.

Mercer, Carolyn R.; Beheim, Glenn

1990-01-01

432

Springback Prediction, Compensation and Correlation for Automotive Stamping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To reduce weight and increase fuel efficiency and safety, more and more automotive sheet stamping parts are being made of aluminum and high strength steels. Forming of such materials encounters not just reduced formability but also dimensional quality problems. Springback prediction accuracy and compensation effectiveness have been the major challenge to die development, construction and tryout. In this paper, the factors that affect the accuracy of springback prediction are discussed, which includes the effect of material models, the selection of element size, and the contact algorithms. Springback predictions of several automotive aluminum and high strength panels are compared with measurement data. The examples show that the prediction correlates with measurement data in both springback trend and magnitude. The effect of springback on final product can be reduced or eliminated through process control and die face compensation. The process control method involves finding the root causes of springback and eliminating them through process modification. The geometrical compensation of die surface is a direct way to eliminate the springback effect. The global scaling compensation method is normally limited to parts with relatively small springback. For large springback and twisting, a new approach is discussed, which takes into account of the effect of deformation and springback history. The compensation is achieved iteratively by solving a system of non-linear equations. Production dies were cut to the compensated surface, which shows that the die compensation is an efficient way to reduce springback-induced geometry deviation.

Xu, Siguang; Zhao, Kunmin; Lanker, Terry; Zhang, Jimmy; Wang, C. T.

2005-08-01

433

Scientific substantiation of health claims in the EU.  

PubMed

EU legislation on nutrition and health claims made on foods (Regulation (EC) No. 1924/2006) specifies that health claims should be only authorised for use in the Community after a scientific assessment of the highest possible standard is carried out by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This paper focuses on the scientific substantiation of health claims within the context of the EU Regulation. The evaluation of the substantiation of health claims is carried out by the EFSA Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). The EFSA has published extensive guidance to assist applicants in the preparation of applications for authorisations of health claims. This guidance summarises the general principles applied by the NDA Panel in the evaluation of health claims, including the scientific criteria for substantiation, as well as the scientific requirements for the substantiation of specific health claims. To date, the EFSA NDA Panel has concluded that a wide range of health claims has been substantiated. These include claims for many well-established functions of nutrients, as well as beneficial effects of foods and food constituents on a range of body functions. In addition, claims have been substantiated on the role of nutrients in growth and development of children and on the effects of nutrients and food constituents on reduction of risk factors for disease. EFSA evaluations and guidance have made an important contribution to the understanding of the scientific substantiation of health claims which will help to set new directions for research and will guide future innovation. PMID:21933455

Flynn, Albert

2012-02-01

434

Consumer understanding and use of health claims for foods.  

PubMed

Health claims for foods are permitted in an increasing number of countries, but there are very few studies evaluating their effect on purchase behavior and consumer health. There are significant differences between countries but, in general, consumers see health claims as useful; they prefer short, succinct wording rather than long and complex claims; and they believe that claims should be approved by the government. Consumers view a food as healthier if it carries a health claim and this "halo" effect may discourage them from seeking further nutrition information. Consumers do not clearly distinguish between nutrient content, structure-function, and health claims. There is some evidence that the use of health claims improves the quality of dietary choices and knowledge of diet-disease relationships. PMID:16121480

Williams, Peter

2005-07-01

435

Indigenous Self-Determination and Media Development: The Land Claims Variable.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The media have often been related to nation-state building and the generation of national sentiment, but because few ethnic minorities can afford to maintain their own media systems, they generally remain relatively powerless. Indigenous land claims, legal settlements that guarantee territorial sovereignty to an ethnic group, are one way of…

Olson, Scott R.

436

Advances in Reversed Nested Miller Compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of two frequency compensation schemes for three-stage operational transconductance amplifiers, namely the reversed nested Miller compensation with nulling resistor (RN-MCNR) and reversed active feedback frequency compensation (RAFFC), is presented in this paper. The techniques are based on the basic RNMC and show an inherent advantage over traditional compensation strategies, especially for heavy capacitive loads. Moreover, they are implemented

Alfio Dario Grasso; Gaetano Palumbo; Salvatore Pennisi

2007-01-01

437

Design of robot accuracy compensator after calibration  

Microsoft Academic Search

A design is presented of a robot accuracy compensator after calibration, which can efficiently calculate and compensate the calibrated kinematic errors for robot manipulators. This compensator consists of a direct robot accuracy calculator (DRAC) that efficiently calculates the accurate robot Cartesian positions using a recursive formulation of the Ti matrix, and an inverse robot accuracy compensator (IRAC), that calculates the

Chi-haur Wu; Jeff Ho; Kuu-young Young

1988-01-01

438

A Follow Up Study of Vibration-Induced White Finger in Compensation Claimants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this follow up clinical study was to investigate the changes in vascular symptoms and the cold response of digital vessels in 73 vibration-exposed workers claiming for VWF compensation. The subjects were followed up over a mean time period of 4.1 (range 1-11) years. They underwent a medical interview, a physical examination and a standardised cold test with

Massimo Bovenzi; Anna Della Vedova; Corrado Negro

2004-01-01

439

Thermal Compensating Mount.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This invention relates to a device for mounting an alignment sensitive component to provide stability during temperature fluctuations. Alignment sensitive components such as quartz prisms for lasers are often subjected to temperature changes which result ...

A. Jalink S. R. Campbell

1988-01-01

440

Non-linear dynamic compensation system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A non-linear dynamic compensation subsystem is added in the feedback loop of a high precision optical mirror positioning control system to smoothly alter the control system response bandwidth from a relatively wide response bandwidth optimized for speed of control system response to a bandwidth sufficiently narrow to reduce position errors resulting from the quantization noise inherent in the inductosyn used to measure mirror position. The non-linear dynamic compensation system includes a limiter for limiting the error signal within preselected limits, a compensator for modifying the limiter output to achieve the reduced bandwidth response, and an adder for combining the modified error signal with the difference between the limited and unlimited error signals. The adder output is applied to control system motor so that the system response is optimized for accuracy when the error signal is within the preselected limits, optimized for speed of response when the error signal is substantially beyond the preselected limits and smoothly varied therebetween as the error signal approaches the preselected limits.

Lin, Yu-Hwan (Inventor); Lurie, Boris J. (Inventor)

1992-01-01

441

EMITTANCE COMPENSATION FOR MAGNETIZED BEAMS  

SciTech Connect

Emittance compensation is a well established technique for minimizing the emittance of an electron beam from a RF photo-cathode gun. Longitudinal slices of a bunch have a small emittance, but due to the longitudinal charge distribution of the bunch and time dependent RF fields they are not focused in the same way, so that the direction of their phase ellipses diverges in phase space and the projected emittance is much larger. Emittance compensation reverses the divergence. At the location where the slopes of the phase ellipses coincide the beam is accelerated, so that the space charge forces are reduced. A recipe for emittance compensation is given in. For magnetized beams (where the angular momentum is non-zero) such emittance compensation is not sufficient because variations in the slice radius lead to variations in the angular speed and therefore to an increase of emittance in the rotating game. We describe a method and tools for a compensation that includes the beam magnetization.

KEWISCH,J.; CHANG, X.

2007-06-25

442

Static synchronous series compensator: A solid-state approach to the series compensation of transmission lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an active approach to series line compensation, in which a synchronous voltage source, implemented by a gate turn-off thyristor (GTO) based voltage-sourced inverter, is used to provide controllable series compensation. This compensator, called Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC), can provide controllable compensating voltage over an identical capacitive and inductive range, independently of the magnitude of the line

L. Gyugyi; C. D. Schauder; K. K. Sen

1997-01-01

443

Creating a computerized database from administrative claims data.  

PubMed

The creation of a computerized database from Medicaid administrative claims data for research purposes is described. Researchers should consult with computer experts at their institution before selecting software for data manipulation and conversion. It is essential to have an accurate layout of the file record before attempting to convert raw claims data into data sets or other data formats. The location of data elements within the claim will vary depending on whether the record comes from a provider, an institution, or a pharmacy. Each claim contains a common header, a variable header, and a claim detail section. The difficulty in analyzing data elements within a claim detail lies in locating the starting point of the claim detail section. So that data elements not in character or numeric formats can be converted, the file record layout must describe the exact format of each data element and its COBOL notation. A data element dictionary is necessary for translating data element coding into usable data. Data elements not necessary for any planned analysis must be eliminated. The data are then "cleaned" to remove any denied or reversed claims and claims that contain incomplete or erroneous data. Regardless of the format data are obtained in, an accurate file record layout and a data element dictionary are essential to the conversion of administrative claims data into a computerized database for data analysis and research purposes. PMID:10683130

Piecoro, L T; Wang, L S; Dixon, W S; Crovo, R J

1999-07-01

444

The Drosophila Over Compensating Males Gene Genetically Inhibits Dosage Compensation in Males  

PubMed Central

Male Drosophila are monosomic for the X chromosome, but survive due to dosage compensation. They use the Male Specific Lethal (MSL) complex composed of noncoding roX RNA and histone modifying enzymes to hypertranscribe most genes along the X ?1.6–1.8 fold relative to each female allele. It is not known how the MSL complex achieves this precise adjustment to a large and diverse set of target genes. We carried out a genetic screen searching for novel factors that regulate dosage compensation in flies. This strategy generated thirty alleles in a previously uncharacterized gene, over compensating males (ocm) that antagonizes some aspect of MSL activity. The mutations were initially recovered because they derepressed an MSL-dependent eye color reporter. Null ocm mutations are lethal to both sexes early in development revealing an essential function. Combinations of hypomorphic ocm alleles display a male specific lethality similar to mutations in the classic msl genes, but ocm males die due to excessive, rather than lack of dosage compensation. Males that die due to very low MSL activity can be partially rescued by ocm mutations. Likewise, males that would die from ocm mutations can be rescued by reducing the dose of various msl and roX genes. ocm encodes a large nuclear protein that shares a novel cysteine rich motif with known transcription factors.

Lim, Chiat Koo; Kelley, Richard L.

2013-01-01

445

European consumers and health claims: attitudes, understanding and purchasing behaviour.  

PubMed

Health claims on food products are often used as a means to highlight scientifically proven health benefits associated with consuming those foods. But do consumers understand and trust health claims? This paper provides an overview of recent research on consumers and health claims including attitudes, understanding and purchasing behaviour. A majority of studies investigated selective product-claim combinations, with ambiguous findings apart from consumers' self-reported generic interest in health claims. There are clear indications that consumer responses differ substantially according to the nature of carrier product, the type of health claim, functional ingredient used or a combination of these components. Health claims tend to be perceived more positively when linked to a product with an overall positive health image, whereas some studies demonstrate higher perceived credibility of products with general health claims (e.g. omega-3 and brain development) compared to disease risk reduction claims (e.g. bioactive peptides to reduce risk of heart disease), others report the opposite. Inconsistent evidence also exists on the correlation between having a positive attitude towards products with health claims and purchase intentions. Familiarity with the functional ingredient and/or its claimed health effect seems to result in a more favourable evaluation. Better nutritional knowledge, however, does not automatically lead to a positive attitude towards products carrying health messages. Legislation in the European Union requires that the claim is understood by the average consumer. As most studies on consumers' understanding of health claims are based on subjective understanding, this remains an area for more investigation. PMID:22385589

Wills, Josephine M; Storcksdieck genannt Bonsmann, Stefan; Kolka, Magdalena; Grunert, Klaus G

2012-05-01

446

Possibilities and Strategies for Simulations and Compensation for Springback  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simulating the forming process for sheet metal parts is currently the standard for guaranteeing feasible manufacturing at the time of tool design. In contrast simulating springback and its computer-supported compensation is still under development. The status of the technology for simulating springback will be illustrated and demonstrated using examples. Various strategies related to compensation of shape deviations due to springback will be discussed and explained using examples. The necessary steps for the use of computer-aided simulation and compensation of springback are illustrated for an inner part. The example shows how the simulation of springback can be integrated into the development process of a deep-drawing tool to determine the compensation of the tool surfaces - based on the springback results - before tool production. Another example demonstrates how a new draw die design, that minimizes or eliminates the shape deviation, can be quickly determined from the springback-related shape deviations using special software. The principle of the procedure for compensating for shape deviation and problems that could still occur are explained. The possibilities and limits of the ``springforward'' compensation procedure are also discussed.

Roll, K.; Lemke, T.; Wiegand, K.

2005-08-01

447

Are Claims of Global Warming Being Suppressed?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last few years, I have heard many rumors that climate science relevant to the global warming discussion is being suppressed by the Bush Administration. One cannot do much about third-hand information. However, on 29 January, the New York Times published a front page article on NASA efforts to suppress statements about global warming by James Hansen, director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. A claim by one government scientist, though, no matter how distinguished, still requires examples from other scientists before a general conclusion can be drawn about the overall scope of the problem. But if the charges are more widespread, then some government scientists might be reluctant to make such claims, because they might feel that their positions were jeopardized. Therefore, an alternate way may be needed to determine the scope of the issue, while still safeguarding government workers from possible retaliation. -On 30 January, Rep. Sherwood Boehlert (R-N.Y.), chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science, wrote a letter to NASA Administrator Michael Griffin addressing many of the concerns Crowley has raised. Boehlert wrote,``It ought to go without saying that government scientists must be free to describe their scientific conclusions and the implications of those conclusions to their fellow scientists, policymakers and the general public.'' He continued,``Good science cannot long persist in an atmosphere of intimidation. Political figures ought to be reviewing their public statements to make sure they are consistent with the best available science; scientists should not be reviewing their statements to make sure they are consistent with the current political orthodoxy.'' I commend Rep. Boehlert for his quick and clear statement of the importance of unfettered communication of science. -FRED SPILHAUS, Editor

Crowley, Thomas J.

2006-02-01

448

Compensation for electrical converter nonlinearities  

DOEpatents

Systems and methods are provided for delivering energy from an input interface to an output interface. An electrical system includes an input interface, an output interface, an energy conversion module between the input interface and the output interface, an inductive element between the input interface and the energy conversion module, and a control module. The control module determines a compensated duty cycle control value for operating the energy conversion module to produce a desired voltage at the output interface and operates the energy conversion module to deliver energy to the output interface with a duty cycle that is influenced by the compensated duty cycle control value. The compensated duty cycle control value is influenced by the current through the inductive element and accounts for voltage across the switching elements of the energy conversion module.

Perisic, Milun; Ransom, Ray M; Kajouke, Lateef A

2013-11-19

449

38 CFR 14.600 - Federal Tort Claims Act-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...general. (a) Federal Tort Claims Actâoverview. The Federal Tort Claims Act (28 U...liable in accordance with the law of the place where the act or...claims asserted under the Federal Tort Claims Act, including such...

2009-07-01

450

38 CFR 14.600 - Federal Tort Claims Act-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...general. (a) Federal Tort Claims Actâoverview. The Federal Tort Claims Act (28 U...liable in accordance with the law of the place where the act or...claims asserted under the Federal Tort Claims Act, including such...

2010-07-01

451

32 CFR 536.60 - Splitting property damage and personal injury claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Splitting property damage and personal injury claims. 536...Claims § 536.60 Splitting property damage and personal injury claims. Normally, a claim will include all damages that accrue by reason of the...

2013-07-01

452

32 CFR 751.2 - Claims against the United States: In general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...force and effect to this section. (c) Preemption. The provisions of this section and the Personnel Claims Act are preemptive of other claims regulations. Claims not allowable under the Personnel Claims Act may, however, be allowable under...

2013-07-01

453

Network compensation for missing sensors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A network learning translation invariance algorithm to compute interpolation functions is presented. This algorithm with one fixed receptive field can construct a linear transformation compensating for gain changes, sensor position jitter, and sensor loss when there are enough remaining sensors to adequately sample the input images. However, when the images are undersampled and complete compensation is not possible, the algorithm need to be modified. For moderate sensor losses, the algorithm works if the transformation weight adjustment is restricted to the weights to output units affected by the loss.

Ahumada, Albert J., Jr.; Mulligan, Jeffrey B.

1991-01-01

454

Developing explanations: Student reasoning about science concepts during Claims-Evidence Inquiry lessons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent science education reforms have placed a large emphasis on inquiry-based teaching strategies as an effective way of improving conceptual understanding of science principles, comprehension of the nature of scientific inquiry, and development of the abilities for inquiry (NRC, 1996). To better understand the relationship between inquiry-based instruction and student learning, this study examined the nature of student reasoning about science concepts during Claims-Evidence Inquiry lessons. The Claims-Evidence approach to inquiry teaching was chosen as the context for this study, because it focuses student investigations on specific scientific concepts. It uses a deductive approach to question generation, in which scientific claims are used as springboards for student investigations (Gummer, 2002; Thompson, 2003; Briley, 2003). This study found that the Claims-Evidence Inquiry model provides a framework for encouraging student reasoning about science concepts by providing supports for the development of explanations. Students were encouraged to develop explanations and consider how science concepts related to their investigations. A number of instructional factors appeared to influence students' development of explanations during Claims-Evidence inquiry. These included explicitly encouraging explanations, clarifying the connection between the claim and the investigation, the presentation of the claim, the nature of the claim, the development of science concepts, the design of the task, and the development of inquiry skills. Students were found to engage in discourse related to explanations during all four phases of the inquiry; forming a question or hypothesis, designing an investigation, collecting and presenting data, and analyzing results. Most of the verbal discourse related to explanations occurred when students were reasoning about hypotheses and most of the written discourse related to explanations occurred when students were reasoning about hypotheses and results. This analysis also identified three primary types of explanations utilized by students: analogical explanations, systems-based explanations, and concept-focused explanations. Analysis of the reasoning used in written explanations for results highlighted issues related to the application of the science concepts, explicit links between variables in the investigation and the science concepts, and the nature of the causal reasoning used in explaining results.

Pegg, Jerine M.

455

Claiming Art Reclaiming Space: Post Apartheid Art From South Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian National Museum of African Art presents this Web version of an exhibition that examines the effects of Apartheid and the post-Apartheid era on artists' creative expression in South Africa. A quote by artist David Koloane introduces the show, "Apartheid was a politics of space more than anything. . . . Apartheid legislation was denying people the right to move." The exhibition has four sections: Claiming Art | Reclaiming Space, Artists and Apartheid, Art Centers and Workshops for Black Artists, and The Exhibition. Each has explanatory text and, in a band at the top of the screen, thumbnails of details from five related artworks presented. Clicking on any thumbnail opens a new window with a larger version of the work, and from this window, visitors can browse all of the art in that section in the larger format.

1999-01-01

456

Strategic Compensation: Does Business Strategy Influence Compensation in High-Technology Firms?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether a firm's business strategy influences the firm's compensation systems in high-technology firms. For the firm strategy variable, we used innovation strategy, which is one of the most critical business strategies in the high-technology industry. Our analysis showed that a firm's emphasis on innovation is positively related to the firm's employee pay level, both short-term pay and

Yoshio Yanadori; Janet H. Marler

2003-01-01

457

A nationwide analysis of successful litigation claims in neurological practice  

PubMed Central

Objectives Neurological practice has previously been highlighted as a high-risk speciality with regard to malpractice claims. We set out to study the nature of these claims in order to inform physicians about hazardous areas within their speciality and potentially alter clinical practice. Design Nationwide retrospective analysis of successful neurology and neurosurgery claims over a 17-year period. Setting We studied all successful claims occurring between 1995 and 2012 using the NHS Litigation Authority database, which collects data on claims made against clinicians practising in England and Wales. Participants Four hundred and twenty-three successful claims were identified during the study period. Main outcome measures The errors involved, the patient groups affected, the resulting mortality and the litigation payments. Results 63.1% of claims were due to negligence in neurosurgical care, whilst 36.9% were due to negligence in neurological care. Litigation payments were significantly higher in neurosurgery compared to neurology cases. Diagnostic error was the most common cause of litigation. The disease categories with the highest numbers of successful litigation claims were spinal pathology, cerebrovascular disease including subarachnoid haemorrhage, intracranial tumours, hydrocephalus and neuropathy/neuromuscular disease. Conclusions This is the first study of successful litigation claims against the NHS for negligent neurological or neurosurgical care and provides data to help reduce risk and improve patient safety.

Coysh, Thomas; Breen, David P

2014-01-01

458

Tailoring compensation effects of health-unrelated food properties.  

PubMed

With the steady rise of the adiposity epidemic, there are increasing calls to stimulate healthier food choices. This is difficult, however, because consumers hold the nearly universal belief that healthy foods are less tasty. To increase their attractiveness, optimizing certain health-unrelated food attributes may help compensate for the loss in taste that is caused by the reduction of fat or sugar. The overall objective of this paper is to examine the boundary conditions under which such compensation effects emerge. Using the example of cookies, we examine how compensation effects depend on (i) the consumer segment, (ii) the configuration of the food product, and (iii) the type of evaluation process. This paper empirically tests compensation effects for optimized flavor intensity. We apply a combination of adaptive conjoint analysis and sensory preference tests. Market simulations and sensitivity analyses demonstrate that the intricate interplay among the three contingency variables is far more important than the question of whether compensation effects emerge or not. The analyses uncover four distinct segments and they show that compensation effects depend on which type of health-related attribute is reduced and whether the health-unrelated attribute is improved intrinsically or extrinsically. PMID:24852221

Mai, Robert; Zahn, Susann; Hoppert, Karin; Hoffmann, Stefan; Rohm, Harald

2014-09-01

459

Physical spherical phase compensation in reflection digital holographic microscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reflection configured digital holographic microscopy (DHM) can perform accurate optical topography measurements of reflecting objects, such as MEMs, MOEMs, and semiconductor wafer. It can provide non-destructive quantitative measurements of surface roughness and geometric pattern characterization with nanometric axial resolution in real-time. However, the measurement results may be affected by an additional phase curvature introduced by the microscope objective (MO) used in DHM. It needs to be removed either by numerical compensation or by physical compensation. We present a method of physical spherical phase compensation for reflection DHM in the Michelson configuration. In the object arm, collimated light is used for illumination. Due to the use of the MO, the object wavefront may have a spherical phase curvature. In the reference arm, a lens and mirror combination is used to generate a spherical recording reference wave in order to physically compensate the spherical phase curvature of the object wavefront. By controlling the position of the mirror and the sample stage, the compensation process has been demonstrated. The relative positions of the test specimen and the reference mirror must be fixed for the physical spherical phase to be totally compensated. A numerical plane reference wave is preferred for the numerical reconstruction of the phase introduced by the test specimen. Experimental results on wafer pattern recognition are also given.

Weijuan, Qu; Oi Choo, Chee; Tan Rongwei, Lewis; Qiangsheng, Xu; Zhaomin, Wang; Zhenzhong, Xiao; Asundi, Anand

2012-04-01

460

More rain compensation results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To reduce the impact of rain-induced attenuation in the 20/30 GHz band, the attenuation at a specified signal frequency must be estimated and extrapolated forward in time on the basis of a noisy beacon measurement. Several studies have used model based procedures for solving this problem in statistical inference. Perhaps the most widely used model-based paradigm leads to the Kalman filter and its lineal variants. In this formulation, the dynamic features of the attenuation are represented by a state process (x(sub t)). The observation process (y(sub t)) is derived from beacon measurements. Some ideas relating to the signal processing problems related to uplink power control are presented. It is shown that some easily implemented algorithms hold promise for use in estimating rain induced fades. The algorithms were applied to actual data generated at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (VPI) test facility. Because only one such event was studied, it is not clear that the algorithms will have the same effectiveness when a wide range of events are studied.

Sworder, D. D.; Vojak, R.

1992-01-01

461

More rain compensation results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To reduce the impact of rain-induced attenuation in the 20/30 GHz band, the attenuation at a specified signal frequency must be estimated and extrapolated forward in time on the basis of a noisy beacon measurement. Several studies have used model based procedures for solving this problem in statistical inference. Perhaps the most widely used model-based paradigm leads to the Kalman filter and its lineal variants. In this formulation, the dynamic features of the attenuation are represented by a state process (x(sub t)). The observation process (y(sub t)) is derived from beacon measurements. Some ideas relating to the signal processing problems related to uplink power control are presented. It is shown that some easily implemented algorithms hold promise for use in estimating rain induced fades. The algorithms were applied to actual data generated at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (VPI) test facility. Because only one such event was studied, it is not clear that the algorithms will have the same effectiveness when a wide range of events are studied.

Sworder, D. D.; Vojak, R.

1992-08-01

462

Reverberation compensation for speaker verification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reverberation effects introduce a great challenge for speaker verification systems. However, only few studies considered reverberation with speaker verification. These studies did not exploit some of the advanced techniques for channel mismatch in the speaker verification literature. Contemporary techniques for channel and microphones mismatch in speaker verification are based on session variability modeling. One such method is the compensation of

Itai Peer; Boaz Rafaely; Yaniv Zigel

2008-01-01

463

Can Education Compensate for Society?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which education can compensate for social disadvantage is a matter of political controversy, especially in the context of policies for social mobility. On the one hand, to blame poor achievement on social class or poverty was seen to dodge the professional responsibility of teachers. On the other, the strong correlation between…

Pring, Richard

2011-01-01

464

Unemployment Compensation and Older Workers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Unemployment compensation in the United States is provided through a federal-state system of unemployment insurance (UI). UI provides temporary partial wage replacement to active job seekers who are involuntarily out of work. For older workers, UI is an i...

C. J. OLeary S. A. Wandner

2000-01-01

465

Altitude Compensating Nozzle Concepts Evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report contains the summary of work accomplished during summer of 2000 by Mr. Chad Hammons, undergraduate senior student, Mississippi State University/ERC in support of NASA/MSFC mission pertinent to Altitude compensating nozzle concepts evaluations. In particular, the development of automatic grid generator applicable in conducting sensitivity analysis involving Aerospike engine is described.

Soni, Bharat

2000-01-01

466

Management Compensation: A Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This examination of the current status of compensation for community college management and administrative personnel first summarizes the findings of a study conducted by Howard R. Bowen, which determined that, compared to business executives in comparable jobs within organizations of similar sizes, academic administrators were indeed underpaid.…

Ramstad, Bill; And Others

467

Compensated amorphous silicon solar cell  

DOEpatents

An amorphous silicon solar cell incorporates a region of intrinsic hydrogenated amorphous silicon fabricated by a glow discharge wherein said intrinsic region is compensated by P-type dopants in an amount sufficient to reduce the space charge density of said region under illumination to about zero.

Carlson, David E. (Yardley, PA)

1980-01-01

468

SAG Compensated Vibration Isolation Mount.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A sag-compensated vibration isolation mount includes a cylindrical rubber body element and a circular band extending around the body element. The band is formed from a shape-memory alloy metal which has a predetermined transition temperature. The band is ...

S. Dickinson

1993-01-01

469

Annual Pay and Compensation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of the 2002 Human Resource Management Compensation Survey (n=1,084) indicating that salaries for training and development professionals increased only 1.8 percent over 2001. Tables depict salaries at various levels, by geographic area, and by industry. (JOW)

Vocino, Joe

2003-01-01

470

Issues in Managerial Compensation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Compensation is at the core of any employment exchange (Milkovich & Newman, 1993; Simon, 1951). It is probably the most basic reason people agree to become employees and it serves as a defining characteristic of any employment relationship (March & Simon, 1958). Recently, managers have been bombarded with a profusion of ways to pay employees. There is team-based pay,

Matthew C. Bloom; George T. Milkovich

1995-01-01

471

Voltage Fluctuation Compensator for Shinkansen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In AC electric Railway, three-phase voltage is changed into the single-phase circuit of two circuits with the Scott-connected transformer. If it becomes large unbalancing of the load between single-phase circuits, voltage fluctuation becomes large on three-phase side. Then, Railway Static Power Conditioner (RPC) was developed for the purpose of controlling voltage fluctuation on three-phase side. An RPC is comprised of a pair of self-commutated PWM inverters. These inverters connect the main phase and teaser feeding buses, coupled with a DC side capacitor such as a Back-To-Back (BTB) converter. In this way, the two self-commutated inverters can act as a static var compensator (SVC) to compensate for the reactive power and as an active power accommodator from one feeding bus to another. 20MVA/60kV RPCs started commercial operation in 2002 at each two substations on the newly extended Tohoku Shinkansen for compensating voltage fluctuation on three-phase side caused by traction loads, absorbing harmonic current. The results of operational testing indicate that an RPC can accommodate single-phase loads such as those of PWM-controlled Shinkansen and thyristor phase-controlled Shinkansen, and handle the exciting rush current of transformers, as well as compensate for harmonics successfully.

Uzuka, Tetsuo; Ikedo, Shouji; Ueda, Keiji; Mochinaga, Yoshifumi; Funahashi, Sadao; Ide, Koiti

472

Autocollimating compensator for controlling aspheric optical surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compensator (null-corrector) for testing aspheric optical surfaces is proposed, which enables (i) independent verification of optical elements and assembling of the compensator itself, and (ii) ascertaining the compensator position in a control layout for a specified aspheric surface. The compensator consists of three spherical lenses made of the same glass. In this paper, the scope of the compensator expanded to a surface speed ˜f/2.3; a conceptual example for a nominal primary of Hubble Space Telescope is given. The autocollimating design allows significant reducing difficulties associated with practical use of lens compensators.

Terebizh, V. Yu.

2014-05-01

473

31 CFR 535.216 - Prohibition against prosecution of certain claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...any claim against the Government of Iran arising out of events occurring before...relating to: (1) The seizure of the hostages on November 4, 1979; (2) The...course of the Islamic Revolution in Iran which were not an act of the...

2010-07-01

474

31 CFR 535.216 - Prohibition against prosecution of certain claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...any claim against the Government of Iran arising out of events occurring before...relating to: (1) The seizure of the hostages on November 4, 1979; (2) The...course of the Islamic Revolution in Iran which were not an act of the...

2013-07-01

475

31 CFR 535.216 - Prohibition against prosecution of certain claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...any claim against the Government of Iran arising out of events occurring before...relating to: (1) The seizure of the hostages on November 4, 1979; (2) The...course of the Islamic Revolution in Iran which were not an act of the...

2009-07-01

476

The Discussion Section as Argument: The Language Used to Prove Knowledge Claims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing the Discussion section of a laboratory report or dissertation is difficult for students to master. It involves complex causal, conditional and purposive argument; this argument guides the reader from acceptance of the relatively uncontroversial data to acceptance of the writer's knowledge claim. Students benefit therefore if they are…

Parkinson, Jean

2011-01-01

477

Ozonated laundering: Radical concept claims dramatic savings  

SciTech Connect

An innovative commercial laundering technology that uses no hot water and no detergent holds promise of dramatic savings in energy, water, chemicals, labor, and sewage fees. Users report good results, but the conservative laundry industry is likely to be skeptical, especially in light of the powerful role played by chemical and equipment manufacturers. While ozonated laundering technology uses more electricity than conventional approaches in some applications, the reported advantages in terms of overall resource efficiency and cost savings could make it an attractive option from the perspective of end-users and utility companies alike. As yet, there are many unanswered questions about the process. There is no theoretical basis to explain how ozone cleans, and no third-party testing to verify these impressive savings. Reports from installations at two Marriott hotels, however, appear to corroborate the manufacturer`s claims. This report assesses the controversial elements of the ozonated laundering process, compiles users` comments and concerns, and reports on current research about how the process works. More independent study will be needed, however, to provide a basis for acceptance of such a radical divergence from the norm in commercial laundering.

Christensen, B.

1993-12-31

478

Knowledge Discovery from Massive Healthcare Claims Data  

SciTech Connect

The role of big data in addressing the needs of the present healthcare system in US and rest of the world has been echoed by government, private, and academic sectors. There has been a growing emphasis to explore the promise of big data analytics in tapping the potential of the massive healthcare data emanating from private and government health insurance providers. While the domain implications of such collaboration are well known, this type of data has been explored to a limited extent in the data mining community. The objective of this paper is two fold: first, we introduce the emerging domain of big"healthcare claims data to the KDD community, and second, we describe the success and challenges that we encountered in analyzing this data using state of art analytics for massive data. Specically, we translate the problem of analyzing healthcare data into some of the most well-known analysis problems in the data mining community, social network analysis, text mining, and temporal analysis and higher order feature construction, and describe how advances within each of these areas can be leveraged to understand the domain of healthcare. Each case study illustrates a unique intersection of data mining and healthcare with a common objective of improving the cost-care ratio by mining for opportunities to improve healthcare operations and reducing hat seems to fall under fraud, waste,and abuse.

Chandola, Varun [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL; Schryver, Jack C [ORNL

2013-01-01

479

Drug dispensing by physicians: promoter's claims examined.  

PubMed

Experience in private pediatric practice is used to illustrate some potential advantages and disadvantages to patients and physicians of drug dispensing by physicians. Projections were based on the prescribing trends in the practice, the extent of patients' insurance reimbursement for prescriptions, the laws regarding dispensing, and the costs incurred when physicians purchase selected medications from a repackager or when patients procure them at a community pharmacy. Patients without insurance for prescriptions can potentially save money by purchasing medication at the physician's office but, in general, only if the physician's dispensing fee is minimal. Potential profits to physicians would be cut by an estimated 50% because of third-party enrollees choosing to have prescriptions filled at a pharmacy because of cost savings. Net profits are further reduced and may even be eliminated when the cost of physician and staff time to prepare, label, reorder, and maintain necessary records regarding dispensed medication are considered. Although it may be convenient for the patient to obtain initial supplies of medication at the time of an office visit, obtaining refills may be less convenient. The time and paperwork involved in dispensing by a physician cannot be considered as minimal interruptions in normal office procedure. The broad, attractive claims made in support of physician dispensing by physicians clearly overstate the benefits both to patients and to physicians. PMID:3405687

Andritz, M H; Rogan, M P

1988-09-01

480

Pediatric laparoscopy: Facts and factitious claims  

PubMed Central

Background: Pediatric laparoscopy (LS) is claimed to be superior to open surgery (OS). This review questions the scientific veracity of this assertion by systematic analysis of published evidences comparing LS versus OS in infants and children. Materials and Methods: Search of PubMed data base and the available literature on pediatric LS is analyzed. Results: One hundred and eight articles out of a total of 426 papers were studied in detail. Conclusions: High quality evidences indicate that LS is, at the best, as invasive as OS; and is at the worst, more invasive than conventional surgery. There are no high quality evidences to suggest that LS is minimally invasive, economically profitable and is associated with fewer complications than OS. Evidences are equally distributed for and against the benefits of LS regarding postoperative pain. Proof of cosmetic superiority of LS or otherwise is not available. The author concludes that pediatric laparoscopy, at the best, is simply comparable to laparotomy and its superiority over the latter could not be sustained on the basis of available scientific evidences. Benefits of laparoscopy appear to recede with younger age. Concerns are raised on the quick adoption, undue promotion and frequent misuse of laparoscopy in children.

Raveenthiran, V.

2010-01-01

481

Understanding the Federal Tort Claims Act: A Different Metaphor  

Microsoft Academic Search

When it enacted the Federal Tort Claims Act Congress waived the United States’ sovereign immunity for certain torts of the federal government. That waiver is subject to exclusions, exceptions, and limitations that may seem puzzling or counterintuitive. This essay explains the structure and operation of the Federal Tort Claims Act by comparing it to “a traversable bridge across the moat

Paul F. Figley

2009-01-01

482

Evaluating Claims of Inability to Pay from Corporations and Partnerships  

EPA Science Inventory

Since its development in 1986, EPA staff have used the ABEL computer model extensively to evaluate claims from defendants that they cannot afford to pay for compliance, clean-up and civil penalties. ABEL evaluates inability to pay claims from corporations and partnerships by lo...

483

27 CFR 25.283 - Claims for refund of tax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (9) A statement that the tax has been fully paid or determined...unmerchantable. Claims for refund of tax on beer lost, whether by...be returned to the market for consumption or sale; (4) Date of the...Claims for refund or credit of tax on beer voluntarily...

2010-04-01

484

28 CFR 801.2 - Filing a claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...may file a claim for money damages against CSOSA or PSA if you believe that a CSOSA or PSA employee has injured you or has damaged or...should submit the claim (whether against CSOSA or PSA) directly to the Office of the General...

2010-07-01

485

28 CFR 801.2 - Filing a claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...may file a claim for money damages against CSOSA or PSA if you believe that a CSOSA or PSA employee has injured you or has damaged or...should submit the claim (whether against CSOSA or PSA) directly to the Office of the General...

2009-07-01

486

Strategic Claim Games Corresponding to an NTU-Game.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper introduces a way to construct games Gamma(V) and (Gamma sup r)(V) in strategic form to a standard NTU-game V. In these so-called claim games the players are allowed to make claims on the coalition they want to participate in and the payoff they ...

P. E. M. Borm S. H. Tijs

1989-01-01

487

32 CFR Appendix D to Part 282 - Processing a Claim  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Processing a Claim D Appendix D to Part 282 National Defense Department of Defense...AND PROCESSING ADVANCE DECISION REQUESTS Pt. 282, App. D Appendix D to Part 282âProcessing a Claim (a)...

2013-07-01

488

Book Review: Problems of the German-American Claims Commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

This important analysis and commentary by the German judge of the Mixed Claims Commission, United States and Germany, upon the legal questions before that Commission is a work of permanent value. Under the economic and reparation clauses of the Treaty of Versailles, as adopted by the United States, the Commission passed upon the claims of American citizens against Germany arising

Edwin Borchard

1932-01-01

489

A REVIEW OF EFFICACY CLAIMS IN ENERGY PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a recent article in this journal, Feinstein (2008) cited evidence that he claimed shows the efficacy of the emotional freedom technique and the Tapas acupressure technique, 2 energy psychology therapies. Further investigation into these claims reveals serious flaws in the methodology of the research cited by Feinstein. The small successes seen in these therapies are potentially attributable to well-known

DANNY L. McCASLIN

2009-01-01

490

32 CFR 536.29 - Revision of filed claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...new number and acknowledged in accordance with § 536.27. (b) New claim. A new claim is filed whenever the writing alleges a new theory of liability, a new tortfeasor, a new party claimant, a different date or location for the...

2009-07-01

491

32 CFR 536.29 - Revision of filed claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...new number and acknowledged in accordance with § 536.27. (b) New claim. A new claim is filed whenever the writing alleges a new theory of liability, a new tortfeasor, a new party claimant, a different date or location for the...

2010-07-01

492

"CLT Is Best for China"--An Untenable Absolutist Claim  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his paper titled "The Need for Communicative Language Teaching in China," Xiaoqing Liao (2004) holds an absolutist view on the appropriacy of CLT for Chinese EFL classrooms, and claims that the methodology "is best for China." The absolutist claim is based on a problematic assumption of CLT's universal effectiveness/appropriacy, and ignores the…

Hu, Guangwei

2005-01-01

493

Avoiding False Claims of Child Sexual Abuse: Empty Promises.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to previous article by Fincham, Beach, Moore, and Diener (this issue) on child sexual abuse. Focuses on importance of recognizing that attempts to reduce probability of false claims of child abuse would result in increasing probability of missing true claims of child abuse. Offers hypothesis-testing framework as useful heuristic for…

Pezdek, Kathy

1994-01-01

494

45 CFR 95.517 - Claims for Federal financial participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...proposed plan or plan amendment, unless otherwise advised by the DCA. However, where a State has claimed costs based on a proposed...the plan or amendment as subsequently approved by the Director, DCA. The State may also continue to claim FFP under its...

2013-10-01

495

Facilitating Outcomes Research Using Claims Data. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aims of the project were: to assure the continued availability of the longitudinal New England Medicare Claims database; to improve the methods for the management of claims data; and to apply these methods to exemplary research problems. The project d...

J. E. Wennberg

1993-01-01

496

12 CFR 1408.23 - Right to review of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to review of claim. 1408.23 Section 1408.23 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Administrative Offset § 1408.23 Right...

2013-01-01

497

32 CFR 536.124 - Settlement authority for maritime claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...000 for COE claims or $50,000 for all others, Commander USARCS will be notified immediately, and be furnished a copy of the claim and a mirror file thereafter. See § 536.30 and AR 27-20, paragraph...

2013-07-01

498

33 CFR 211.22 - Real estate Claims Officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Real estate Claims Officers. 211.22 ...THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS...CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.22 Real...

2013-07-01

499

33 CFR 211.22 - Real estate Claims Officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Real estate Claims Officers. 211.22 ...THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS...CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.22 Real...

2009-07-01

500

Theoretical Claims and Empirical Evidence in Maori Education Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Post-Marxist critical sociology of education has influenced the development of indigenous ("kaupapa") Maori educational theory and research. Its effects are examined in four claims made for Maori education by indigenous theorists. The claims are: indigenous kaupapa Maori education is a revolutionary initiative; it is a cultural solution to Maori…

Rata, Elizabeth

2012-01-01