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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

2

Choosing Between Competing Design Ideals in Information Systems Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whenever information systems are developed, they serve some interests at the expense of others. Just what those interests are and who possesses them need to be understood and debated as they involve value judgments. This paper contends that advice concerning the design of information systems must not be limited to technical design, but should also address what is good or

Heinz K. Klein; Rudy Hirschheim

2001-01-01

3

Core Competencies in Information Management Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses core competencies in library and information science and in information systems to use as a background for an examination of core competencies in information management. Suggests a set of core competencies and educational outcomes that might be applied to curricula in both developed and developing countries. (Author/LRW)

Gorman, G. E.; Corbitt, B. J.

2002-01-01

4

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

5

EVINCE: The value of information in developing nursing knowledge and competence.  

PubMed

The aims of the EVINCE research project included examination of the impact of information on the clinical knowledge and practice of nurses, midwives and health visitors. EVINCE (Establishing the Value of Information to Nursing Continuing Education) was funded by the British Library R&D Department for 1 year, from 1 November 1995 to 31 October 1996. The methods employed (based on those used in the Value project) included a critical incident type study to establish patterns of information need and use among a random sample of nursing professionals. The nature of the impact of information obtained on present and future competencies was assessed from a survey of the searches and requests presented to library and information services. Nurses, midwives and health visitors did value the information (96% of respondents agreed that there was, or would be an effect on future practice through enhanced competence in one or more areas). The impact findings can be used to guide a more precise assessment of information needs. PMID:10168970

Urquhart, C; Davies, R

1997-06-01

6

Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." Courses structured in such a way create student-centered learning environments where inquiry is the norm, problem solving becomes the focus, and thinking critically is part of the process. Such learning environments require information literacy competencies. The competencies presented here outline the process by which faculty, librarians and others pinpoint specific indicators that identify a student as information literate. Students also will find the competencies useful, because they provide students with a framework for gaining control over how they interact with information in their environment. It will help to sensitize them to the need to develop a metacognitive approach to learning, making them conscious of the explicit actions required for gathering, analyzing, and using information. Faculty can implement some of these standards when designing research activities, problem solving activities, and so forth.

2010-06-03

7

Developing Professionally Competent Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An agricultural teacher educator states that one of the most important tasks facing agricultural educators is the determination and refinement of the competencies required of teachers. Also necessary is the determination of how these competencies are best acquired and evaluated to assure high quality standards. (JH)

Tulloch, Rodney W.

1978-01-01

8

Psychotherapy competencies: development and implementation.  

PubMed

New requirements by the Psychiatry Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education maintain that residents must be competent in five specified psychotherapies. This shift toward evidence-based education and assessment highlights psychotherapy as an integral part of a psychiatrist's training and identity, while introducing accountability of training programs, faculty, and individual residents. Training directors must now find the resources in faculty, patients, and residency teaching time to teach, supervise and assess residents so they graduate with competency. The American Association of Directors of Residency Training (AADPRT) appointed a Task Force on Competency to assist training directors with the new requirements. The Task Force, through the establishment of five workgroups, has written sample competencies for each required psychotherapy: brief, cognitive behavioral, psychodynamic, supportive and combined psychotherapy and psychopharmacology. In this article, the authors describe the historical context of the new requirements, and the goals, process and issues that arose in the development of the sample competencies. PMID:12969837

Mellman, Lisa A; Beresin, Eugene

2003-01-01

9

Towards competencies for the MSc curriculum Geo-Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Wageningen University, the Netherlands, is formulating competencies for the various BSc and MSc curricula. For the MSc Geo-Information Science, five Core Competencies, each with a number of sub- competencies have been developed. This article shows some operational difficulties, describes how they were tackled, presents the results that were achieved and suggests further course of action. These results have been

Frans I. Rip; Gerrit F. Epema

2004-01-01

10

Collaborating with Librarians to Develop Lower Division Political Science Students' Information Literacy Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies suggest that course-integrated information literacy instruction is an effective way to enhance the quality of student research. However, many political science professors are unfamiliar with the growing information literacy movement in higher education today, with strategies for integrating information literacy into their courses and assignments, and with opportunities to collaborate with librarians beyond requesting a 50-minute library instruction session

Christy R. Stevens; Patricia J. Campbell

2008-01-01

11

Promoting Information Competency in Biological Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article contains a variety of activities to help improve the information competency skills of biological psychology students. These skills allow students to identify appropiate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically.

Laura Freberg, Gayle Brosnan-Watters (California Polytechnic State University, Slippery Rock University;)

2005-05-17

12

Measuring competencies: development of the administrator competency survey.  

PubMed

Competency assessments is critical for nurse managers who must move between and among health care settings. This article reports development of a survey tool to measure administrative competencies to facilitate career movement based on competencies versus traditional structure of education and experience. The study was designed to determine specific competencies that were deductively derived and considered essential for successful leadership in the year 2000. These included eight domains: quality improvement, shared visions, global approach, serving community, mastering change, team learning, managing customer relationships, and managing a diverse workforce. The tool was used to measure nurse administrator competency in a select group. Results identified expertise and targeted priorities for training and improvement. PMID:8716573

Ridenour, J E

1996-06-01

13

Developing Cultural Competence and Overcoming Ethical Challenges in the Informed Consent Process: An Experience from Egypt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is conducted in a variety of cultural settings. Ethical standards developed in Europe and the Americas are increasingly applied in these settings, many of which are culturally different from the countries in which these standards originated. To overcome these cultural differences, investigators may be tempted to deviate from ethical…

Abdel-Messih, Ibrahim Adib; El-Setouhy, Maged; Crouch, Michael M.; Earhart, Kenneth C.

2008-01-01

14

Developing intercultural competence through videogames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective intercultural collaboration requires intercultural competence. Intercultural competence involves awareness of the differences between cultures, knowledge about the beliefs, values, and practices of other cultures, and the skill to apply that knowledge effortlessly and effectively in interpersonal interactions. Acquiring intercultural competence can involve intensive study of the target culture, as well as immersion in social milieu of the target culture.

W. Lewis Johnson

2009-01-01

15

Learning at work: competence development or competence-stress.  

PubMed

Changes in work and the ways in which it is carried out bring a need for upgrading workplace knowledge, skills and competencies. In today's workplaces, and for a number of reasons, workloads are higher than ever and stress is a growing concern (Health Risk Soc. 2(2) (2000) 173; Educat. Psychol. Meas. 61(5) (2001) 866). Increased demand for learning brings a risk that this will be an additional stress factor and thus a risk to health. Our research study is based on the control-demand-support model of Karasek and Theorell (Health Work: Stress, Productivity and the Reconstruction of Working Life, Basic Books/Harper, New York, 1990). We have used this model for our own empirical research with the aim to evaluate the model in the modern workplace. Our research enables us to expand the model in the light of current workplace conditions-especially those relating to learning. We report empirical data from a questionnaire survey of working conditions in two different branches of industry. We are able to define differences between companies in terms of working conditions and competence development. We describe and discuss the effects these conditions have on workplace competence development. Our research results show that increased workers' control of the learning process makes competence development more stimulating, is likely to simplify the work and reduces (learning-related) stress. It is therefore important that learning at work allows employees to control their learning and also allows time for the process of learning and reflection. PMID:15694067

Paulsson, Katarina; Ivergård, Toni; Hunt, Brian

2005-03-01

16

Developing cultural competence in palliative care.  

PubMed

Increasing ethnic or cultural diversity in the population served by health-care services requires improved competence and updated provision. Both individual staff and institutions need to reflect on and prepare to meet new challenges. Three key elements-reflective self-awareness, knowledge of others, and skills in managing difference-must be developed. Recognition of diversity and a database of appropriate information are essential for both workers and management of organisations. Above all, some preparedness for continual change and learning is essential. This article provides some suggestions and examples to assist with this. PMID:24514110

McGee, Paula; Johnson, Mark R D

2014-02-01

17

Development of Competence of Haemophilus influenzae  

PubMed Central

Spencer, Hugh T. (The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Md.), and Roger M. Herriott. Development of competence of Haemophilus influenzae. J. Bacteriol. 90:911–920. 1965.—A chemically defined nongrowth medium was developed for the induction of competence of Haemophilus influenzae by a stepdown procedure. Cells grown logarithmically in Heart Infusion Broth became competent after being transferred to a medium which consisted of amino acids, sodium fumarate, and inorganic salts. Chloramphenicol (2 ?g/ml) or l-valine (1 ?g/ml) in the nongrowth medium inhibited development of competence. The inhibitory action of l-valine was reversed by comparable concentrations of l-isoleucine. Kinetic studies of the development of competence showed a variable capacity of competent cells to take up deoxyribonucleic acid and reaffirmed earlier findings that competence was not transmissible in H. influenzae. Addition of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, thiamine, calcium pantothenate, uracil, and hypoxanthine to the medium for competence resulted in a minimal growth medium in which reduced levels of competence were developed.

Spencer, Hugh T.; Herriott, Roger M.

1965-01-01

18

Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The paper summarizes a literature review on how competency models can improve HR performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized health-care and medical device company, where the model is being…

Gangani, Noordeen T.; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2004-01-01

19

Development of Competency-Based Assessment Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Construct validity has been an issue in assessment centers literature. This study developed a model for competency-based assessment centers by integrating competency modeling, training design, assessment centers, and multi-source feedback assessment. Several propositions in conjunction with the model were also developed to help resolve construct…

Chen, Hsin-Chih; Naquin, Sharon S.

2005-01-01

20

Competence Information and Intrinsic Motivation: A Process Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence feedback has been found to increase intrinsic motivation, defined as those behaviors that are motivated by the underlying need for competence and self-determination. In a study investigating competency and intrinsic motivation, 120 high school males received three types of competence information: (1) expectancy (information that they…

Sansone, Carol; And Others

21

Handwriting Development, Competency, and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Failure to attain handwriting competency during the school-age years often has far-reaching negative effects on both academic success and self-esteem. This complex occupational task has many underlying component skills that may interfere with handwriting performance. Fine motor control, bilateral and visual-motor integration, motor planning,…

Feder, Katya P.; Majnemer, Annette

2007-01-01

22

The Seasons of Competency Development for Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses stages of competency development, using the seasons of the year as a metaphor. Identifies educational strategies that outdoor educators can use at each stage to help women overcome gender role socialization pressures that discourage them from achieving or recognizing their true competency levels. (TD)

Loeffler, T. A.

2000-01-01

23

Personal Development. Ohio Vocational Competency Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment packet contains all materials to assess a student's competency in personal development. The purpose of the tests at the state level is to demonstrate achievement in knowledge associated with work and family life competencies. Used by the classroom teacher, the results can indicate a program's strengths and weaknesses and serve as a…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

24

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

25

Scanning probe microscopy competency development  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project collaborators developed an ultra-high vacuum scanning tunneling microscope (UHV-STM) capability, integrated it with existing scanning probe microscopes, and developed new, advanced air-based scanning force techniques (SPMs). Programmatic, basic, and industrially related laboratory research requires the existence of SPMs, as well as expertise capable of providing local nano-scale information. The UHV-STM capability, equipped with load-lock system and several surface science techniques, will allow introduction, examination, and reaction of surfaces prepared under well-controlled vacuum conditions, including the examination of morphology and local bonding associated with the initial stages of film growth under controlled growth conditions. The resulting capabilities will enable the authors to respond to a variety of problems requiring local characterization of conducting and nonconducting surfaces in liquids, air, and UHV.

Hawley, M.E.; Reagor, D.W.; Jia, Quan Xi [and others

1998-12-31

26

Metacognition and the Development of Intercultural Competence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We argue that metacognition is a critical component in the development of intercultural competence by highlighting the importance of supporting a learner's self-assessment, self-monitoring, predictive, planning, and reflection skills. We also survey sever...

H. C. Lane

2007-01-01

27

Developing Preservice Teacher's Computer Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To effectively integrate information technology into classroom activities, preservice teachers must know a variety of computer concepts. Presents a model used to instruct preservice teachers in programming activities based on simulation and interactive learning. Students gained an understanding of computer roles, their programming, and…

Valde, Rich; And Others

1996-01-01

28

How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

2009-01-01

29

How scientists develop competence in visual communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visuals (maps, charts, diagrams and illustrations) are an important tool for communication in most scientific disciplines, which means that scientists benefit from having strong visual communication skills. This dissertation examines the nature of competence in visual communication and the means by which scientists acquire this competence. This examination takes the form of an extensive multi-disciplinary integrative literature review and a series of interviews with graduate-level science students. The results are presented as a conceptual framework that lays out the components of competence in visual communication, including the communicative goals of science visuals, the characteristics of effective visuals, the skills and knowledge needed to create effective visuals and the learning experiences that promote the acquisition of these forms of skill and knowledge. This conceptual framework can be used to inform pedagogy and thus help graduate students achieve a higher level of competency in this area; it can also be used to identify aspects of acquiring competence in visual communication that need further study.

Ostergren, Marilyn

30

Social Justice Competencies and Career Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent focus on social justice issues in career development is primarily conceptual in nature and few resources account for the challenges or successes experienced by career development practitioners. The purpose of this article is to report the results of a research study of career practitioners in Canada regarding the competencies they use…

Arthur, Nancy; Collins, Sandra; Marshall, Catherine; McMahon, Mary

2013-01-01

31

Impact of Placement Type on the Development of Clinical Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Speech-language pathology students gain experience and clinical competency through clinical education placements. However, currently little empirical information exists regarding how competency develops. Existing research about the effectiveness of placement types and models in developing competency is generally descriptive and based…

Sheepway, Lyndal; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

2014-01-01

32

Constructive Development and Counselor Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental predictors of students' ability to learn counseling skills would help counselor educators select candidates and assist admitted students in their learning. The present research examined the relationship between adult development, as measured by the Learning Environment Preferences test (W. S. Moore, 1989) and the Defining Issues…

Eriksen, Karen P.; McAuliffe, Garrett J.

2006-01-01

33

Entry-Level Competencies for Instructional Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of business and industrial training team supervisors and members was undertaken in order to identify the most important entry-level competencies required of instructional development specialists in a variety of business and industrial settings. The study sample of 300 was randomly selected from the approximately 2,850 members of the…

Trimby, Madeline J.

34

Competence Based Educational Metadata for Supporting Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects retains, to a large extent, its initial anticipations and, supported by Educational Metadata, it is still

Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2008-01-01

35

Survival in Transition or Implementing Information Science Core Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies and examines four information science core competencies of the Du Pont Corporation's information science services: ability to conceptualize information; knowledge of internal and external information resources; understanding of information resource management; and ability to synthesize and tailor information. Describes the…

Nichols, Margaret T.; And Others

1996-01-01

36

Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new and promising area of research has recently emerged in the field of career development: career competencies. The present article provides a framework of career competencies that integrates several perspectives from the literature. The framework distinguishes between reflective, communicative, and behavioral career competencies. Six career…

Akkermans, Jos; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Huibers, Marthe; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2013-01-01

37

Development and Evaluation of Vocational Competency Measures. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of occupational competency tests representing all seven vocational education curriculum areas were developed, field tested, and validated. Seventeen occupations were selected for competency test development: agricultural chemicals applications technician, farm equipment mechanic, computer operator, word processing specialist, apparel…

Chalupsky, Albert B.; And Others

38

National Occupational Competency Testing Institute Bulletin of Information for Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin describes the National Occupational Competency Testing Program, which is designed to give experienced craftsmen objective evidence of their competency in order (1) to obtain academic credit toward a degree, (2) to gain certification as an industrial teacher, or (3) to enroll in an industrial teacher education program. Information is…

National Occupational Competency Testing Inst., Albany, NY.

39

Factors Motivating and Hindering Information and Communication Technologies Action Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information and Communication Technologies Action Competence (ICTAC) can be defined as "individuals' motivation and capacity to voluntarily employ their ICT skills for initiating or taking part in civic actions". Since academic staff and teachers in ICT related fields have crucial roles in training action-competent individuals, this study aimed to…

Kurt, Adile Askim; Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Ceylan, Beril; Kuzu, Elif Bugra; Donmez, Onur; Izmirli, Ozden Sahin

2013-01-01

40

Competency Development and Career Success: The Mediating Role of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to unravel the relationship between competency development, employability and career success. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between employee participation in competency development initiatives, perceived support for competency development, self-perceived employability, and two indicators of subjective…

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.

2011-01-01

41

Competencies of Employment Specialists for Effective Job Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A scant body of literature addresses competencies needed for successful job development. This study aimed to identify competencies needed for this role. In this analysis, we observed employment specialists identified as successful in helping consumers obtain employment perform job development duties. We supplemented observations with interviews. Employment specialists possessed competencies in six domains: time management, advocacy, building partnerships with consumers,

Crystal M. Glover; Rochelle L. Frounfelker

2011-01-01

42

Developing logistics competencies through third party logistics relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers third party logistics (TPL) from a resource and competence perspective. New competencies are developed in the relationship between the shipper and the TPL provider. A typology of TPL relationships is developed going from market exchanges to joint logistics solutions. Here, the article will concentrate on the highest level – joint logistics solutions. The theoretical grounding of competence

Árni Halldórsson; Tage Skjøtt-Larsen

2004-01-01

43

Information Literacy and Office Tool Competencies: A Benchmark Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present information science literature recognizes the importance of information technology to achieve information literacy. The authors report the results of a benchmarking student survey regarding perceived functional skills and competencies in word-processing and presentation tools. They used analysis of variance and regression analysis to…

Heinrichs, John H.; Lim, Jeen-Su

2010-01-01

44

Developing Social Studies Competencies: Directions for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses an approach which used the development principles of competency based education as guidelines for the training of social studies teachers at the University of Houston. Competencies identified for training social studies teachers will be either generic or specialized. Generic competencies reflect those teaching behaviors…

Felder, B. Dell; Schomburg, Carl E.

45

Developing Adaptive Teaching Competency through Coaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research project Adaptive Teaching Competency seeks to conceptualise the processes of tuning teaching to individual students' learning needs and to empirically test, within the field of science teaching, to what extent Adaptive Teaching Competency can be fostered through teacher education. 32 primary and secondary teachers took part in an…

Vogt, Franziska; Rogalla, Marion

2009-01-01

46

New developments in organizing around core competences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The business environment is continually changing and evolving. This evolution necessitates that business concepts must either change or lose their effectiveness. The core competence approach, as proposed by Prahalad and Hamel in 1990, forms the basis of the competence movement, and it has already begun the process of change. The business community does not act uniformly, and a variety of

Mark Unland; Brian H. Kleiner

1996-01-01

47

Strategy, core competencies and human resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

HRD's traditional approach to competency focuses on superior individual performance. The concept of a core competency in the strategic literature, as reviewed here, considers it as an organizational capability that provides sustained competitive advantage. That model is examined and implications for HRD practice noted.

Alan Clardy

2007-01-01

48

Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

Byrd, Terry Anthony

2001-01-01

49

Designing the Information Literacy Competency Standards for nursing.  

PubMed

This column documents the rationale for creating information literacy competency standards for nursing based on the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education" and the three documents from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) on essential skills for nurses in baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral level education and practice. It chronicles the process of the task force which is designing the discipline specific skills and predicts the value of their use, once they are published. PMID:23394425

Phelps, Sue F

2013-01-01

50

Beyond information retrieval and electronic health record use: competencies in clinical informatics for medical education  

PubMed Central

Physicians in the 21st century will increasingly interact in diverse ways with information systems, requiring competence in many aspects of clinical informatics. In recent years, many medical school curricula have added content in information retrieval (search) and basic use of the electronic health record. However, this omits the growing number of other ways that physicians are interacting with information that includes activities such as clinical decision support, quality measurement and improvement, personal health records, telemedicine, and personalized medicine. We describe a process whereby six faculty members representing different perspectives came together to define competencies in clinical informatics for a curriculum transformation process occurring at Oregon Health & Science University. From the broad competencies, we also developed specific learning objectives and milestones, an implementation schedule, and mapping to general competency domains. We present our work to encourage debate and refinement as well as facilitate evaluation in this area.

Hersh, William R; Gorman, Paul N; Biagioli, Frances E; Mohan, Vishnu; Gold, Jeffrey A; Mejicano, George C

2014-01-01

51

A Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the major issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The article summarizes a brief literature review on how competency models can be developed and implemented to improve employee performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized…

Gangani, Noordeen; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2006-01-01

52

Development of an Adjudicative Competence Research Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a When the MacArthur Adjudicative Competence project began in 1989, several measures were available to the field for evaluating\\u000a “competence to stand trial.” As noted in Chapter 1, the impetus for many of these measures had come from mental health professionals\\u000a who attempted to operationalize the judicial and statutory standards in order to facilitate assessments. The array of measures\\u000a ranged from

Norman G. Poythress; Richard J. Bonnie; John Monahan; Randy Otto; Steven K. Hoge

53

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

54

Information Technology Competencies for Navy Enlisted Personnel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military is experiencing rapid advances in technology that have the potential to revolutionize the way wars are waged. Information Technology (IT) is gaining momentum as the emerging force in modern warfare. The U.S. Navy has embarked on an ambitious ...

P. D. Vena

1998-01-01

55

Knowledge Management Model: Practical Application for Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group…

Lustri, Denise; Miura, Irene; Takahashi, Sergio

2007-01-01

56

Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2011-01-01

57

Evolution of an Information Competency Requirement for Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University at Buffalo undergraduate students are required to complete a non-credit-bearing information competency assessment prior to graduation, preferably within their first year of study. Called the "Library Skills Workbook," this assessment has evolved from a short, print-based quiz into a sophisticated, multi-module tutorial and assessment on…

Walsh, Tiffany R.

2011-01-01

58

The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

2010-01-01

59

The action competence approach and the ‘new’ discourses of education for sustainable development, competence and quality criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to the German notion of ‘Bildung’ and that the very essence

Finn Mogensen; Karsten Schnack

2010-01-01

60

Proposed nurse educator competencies: development and validation of a model.  

PubMed

As the concern for adequate numbers of well-prepared nurse educators grows, the Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing, an affiliate of the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), has developed and validated competencies to guide the preparation of nurse educators. The 37 competency statements reflect the requisite knowledge, skills, and abilities that all nurse educators must demonstrate within the roles of teacher, scholar, and collaborator. The competencies, together with the ideologies, values, and essential core knowledge from which the competencies were derived, are vital to guide educational programs preparing nurse educators and for structuring recognition and evaluation processes for certifying, credentialing, and accrediting bodies. PMID:16115514

Davis, Debra; Stullenbarger, Elizabeth; Dearman, Catherine; Kelley, Jean A

2005-01-01

61

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

62

Counsellor Education for Developing Multicultural Counselling Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct an exploratory investigation of a new course initiative in counselor education for working with culturally diverse populations. The study investigated: (1) outcomes of curriculum targeting multicultural competencies; (2) whether prior training experience in multicultural counseling would have an impact on…

Arthur, Nancy

63

Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists  

PubMed Central

Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide postgraduate courses that are designed to meet the needs of professionals working in medicines development. A working group was formed within IFAPP including representatives from PharmaTrain, academic institutions and national member associations, with special interest and experience on Quality Improvement through education. The objectives were: to define a set of core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists, to be summarized in a Statement of Competence and to benchmark and align these identified core competencies with the Learning Outcomes (LO) of the PharmaTrain Base Course. The objectives were successfully achieved. Seven domains and 60 core competencies were identified and aligned accordingly. The effective implementation of training programs using the competencies or the PharmaTrain LO anywhere in the world may transform the drug development process to an efficient and integrated process for better and safer medicines. The PharmaTrain Base Course might provide the cognitive framework to achieve the desired Statement of Competence for Pharmaceutical Physicians and Drug Development Scientists worldwide.

Silva, Honorio; Stonier, Peter; Buhler, Fritz; Deslypere, Jean-Paul; Criscuolo, Domenico; Nell, Gerfried; Massud, Joao; Geary, Stewart; Schenk, Johanna; Kerpel-Fronius, Sandor; Koski, Greg; Clemens, Norbert; Klingmann, Ingrid; Kesselring, Gustavo; van Olden, Rudolf; Dubois, Dominique

2013-01-01

64

Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists.  

PubMed

Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide postgraduate courses that are designed to meet the needs of professionals working in medicines development. A working group was formed within IFAPP including representatives from PharmaTrain, academic institutions and national member associations, with special interest and experience on Quality Improvement through education. The objectives were: to define a set of core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists, to be summarized in a Statement of Competence and to benchmark and align these identified core competencies with the Learning Outcomes (LO) of the PharmaTrain Base Course. The objectives were successfully achieved. Seven domains and 60 core competencies were identified and aligned accordingly. The effective implementation of training programs using the competencies or the PharmaTrain LO anywhere in the world may transform the drug development process to an efficient and integrated process for better and safer medicines. The PharmaTrain Base Course might provide the cognitive framework to achieve the desired Statement of Competence for Pharmaceutical Physicians and Drug Development Scientists worldwide. PMID:23986704

Silva, Honorio; Stonier, Peter; Buhler, Fritz; Deslypere, Jean-Paul; Criscuolo, Domenico; Nell, Gerfried; Massud, Joao; Geary, Stewart; Schenk, Johanna; Kerpel-Fronius, Sandor; Koski, Greg; Clemens, Norbert; Klingmann, Ingrid; Kesselring, Gustavo; van Olden, Rudolf; Dubois, Dominique

2013-01-01

65

Development and Validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI); a 43-item measure to assess career competencies (CCs). Following an extensive literature review, a comprehensive item generation process involving consultation with subject matter experts, a pilot study and a factor analytic study on a large sample…

Francis-Smythe, Jan; Haase, Sandra; Thomas, Erica; Steele, Catherine

2013-01-01

66

Development of a measure of interpersonal communication competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the development of a self?report Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale (ICCS) that taps 10 dimensions of competence: self?disclosure, empathy, social relaxation, assertiveness, interaction management, altercentrism, expressiveness, supportiveness, immediacy, and environmental control. First, we created the ICCS, reducing the number of items from an original 60 to 10. Then we established concurrent validity of the scale by looking at

Rebecca B. Rubin; Matthew M. Martin

1994-01-01

67

A Professional Development Unit for Reflecting on Program Evaluator Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an interactive professional development unit that engages both novice and experienced evaluators in (a) learning about the Essential Competencies for Program Evaluators (ECPE), (b) applying the competencies to program evaluation contexts, and (c) using the ECPE to reflect on their own professional practices. The article…

Ghere, Gail; King, Jean A.; Stevahn, Laurie; Minnema, Jane

2006-01-01

68

The Development and Test of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the demand for increased accountability within the university classroom, there have been calls for a new generation of rubrics that effectively assess students' competence in several areas, including public speaking. This article describes the development, test, and factor analyses of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric (PSCR), an…

Schreiber, Lisa M.; Paul, Gregory D.; Shibley, Lisa R.

2012-01-01

69

Developing Cultural Competence in Working with Korean Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration…

Kim, Irene J.; Kim, Luke I. C.; Kelly, James G.

2006-01-01

70

Developing Intercultural Competence in Multilingual and Multicultural Student Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalization and intercultural competence are key issues in higher education institutions across the globe. In times of accelerating globalization, intercultural competence emerges as one of the most desirable graduate capabilities for those who are likely to work in international environments. This article focuses on the development of…

Krajewski, Sabine

2011-01-01

71

Individualized Education and Competency Development of Croatian Community Pharmacists Using the General Level Framework  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To measure Croatian community pharmacists’ progress in competency development using the General Level Framework (GLF) as an educational tool in a longitudinal study. Methods. Patient care competencies of 100 community pharmacists were evaluated twice, in 2009 and in 2010 in a prospective cohort study. During this 12-month period, tailored educational programs based on the GLF were organized and conducted, new services and standard operating procedures were implemented, and documentation of contributions to patient care in the pharmacist’s portfolio became mandatory. Results. Pharmacists’ development of all GLF patient care competencies was significant with the greatest improvements seen in the following competencies: patient consultation, monitoring drug therapy, medicine information and patient education, and evaluation of outcomes. Conclusions. This study, which retested the effectiveness of an evidence-based competency framework, confirmed that GLF is a valid educational tool for pharmacist development.

Stanicic, Zivka; Hadziabdic, Maja Ortner; Mucalo, Iva; Bates, Ian; Duggan, Catherine; Carter, Sarah; Bruno, Andreia; Kosicek, Miljenko

2012-01-01

72

Developing Export Management Competencies and Skills among Undergraduate Business Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses of 25 Northern Ireland business students who undertook client-sponsored projects in local businesses reported increased proficiency in conducting research, improved competence in export management, development of soft skills, and better ability to apply theory to practice. (SK)

Scharf, Fred; Bell, Jim

2002-01-01

73

Practitioners Derive Model Competencies for Instructional/Staff Development Specialists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role and function of the instructional specialist, i.e., one who is trained to provide assistance and support in faculty and instructional development, and outlines model competencies for this position. (RAO)

Dickens, Mary Ellen; Haddad, Margaret

1979-01-01

74

Developing Psychiatric Competence During Medical Education and Internship: Contributing Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study describes the learning process in psychiatry of medical students through their clerkship and internship, It focused\\u000a upon the development of students’ attitudes to psychiatry, subjective psychiatric competence and self-confidence. The relationships\\u000a between the participants’ background, aspects of the learning environment, their attitudes to psychiatry, psychiatric competence\\u000a and psychiatric self-confidence were explored in order to develop an empirical model

Tordis Sørensen Høifødt; Reidun Olstad; Hal Sexton

2007-01-01

75

Integrating Information Competencies into the Allied Health Curriculum at Gavilan College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information competency is increasingly important to the learning process at Gavilan College. Supported by a $35,000 grant from the California Community College Chancellor's Office, a team of Allied Health (AH) and Library faculty developed new components and revised courses in the Allied Health curriculum. The main objective was to introduce Allied Health students and faculty to a wide array of

Don Hausrath; Shuk-Chun Auyeung; Jo Anne Howell; Kaye Bedell

2003-01-01

76

Development of the Competency Assessment Tool-Mental Health, an Instrument to Assess Core Competencies for Mental Health Care Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the focus on accountability in health care increases, there has been a corresponding emphasis on establishing core competencies for health care workers. This article discusses the development of an instrument to establish core competencies for workers in inpatient mental health settings. Twenty-six competencies were identified and rated by mental health care personnel on two subscales: the importance of the

Carla Clasen; Cheryl L Meyer; Carl F Brun; Willam A Mase

2003-01-01

77

IT COMPETENCY PREDICTING MARKET AND DEVELOPMENT PERFORMANCE: MODERATED BY ORGANIZATIONAL SIZE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resource based view (RBV) suggests that firms with greater information technology (IT) competencies may be able to leverage information to overcome competitors. This study of 167 large New Zealand companies, found that IT knowledge, IT operations, and IT objects were all directly related to market and development performance. Further, firm size was tested as a potential moderator and found

Jenny Gibb; Jarrod Haar

78

Development of a blended model of teaching and learning for nursing students on rostered placement to ensure competence in information and communication technology for professional practice in Ireland.  

PubMed

Experiences gained from delivering a Health Informatics for Nurses course in a school of nursing and midwifery in a university teaching hospital in Ireland suggest that Web-based courses may facilitate an enhanced understanding of course content. Nursing education must recognize the importance of information and communication technology in nursing to prepare the nursing and midwifery profession to embrace current advances in information and communication technology in healthcare in Ireland, and ultimately to benefit patient care. PMID:22592416

Creedon, Sile A; Cummins, Ann Maria

2012-05-01

79

Sources of Competence Information and Perceived Motivational Climate among Adolescent Female Gymnasts Varying in Skill Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed whether sources of competence information varied by skill level among adolescent female gymnasts, whether perceptions of motivational climate varied by skill level, and whether sources of competence information and perceived motivational climate were related. Survey data indicated that gymnasts competing at lower levels relied on…

Halliburton, Amy L.; Weiss, Maureen R.

2002-01-01

80

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

81

Linking quality goals and product development competences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality is a main determinant of consumer food choice. Product development is accordingly a key activity for companies, because it generates the products on the quality of which consumer choices are based. In this respect, product development managers have a focal role, as their personal quality orientation influence the way product development is performed. The aim of this paper is

Johanne Rønnow Olsen; Hanne Harmsen; Alan Friis

2008-01-01

82

Development of competent children's ward co-ordinators.  

PubMed

Taking charge of a clinical shift on a ward is daunting for newly qualified staff nurses. This article describes the co-ordinators competency pathway, written to guide and assess band 5 ward nurses, and a co-ordinators development day, which is a simulation-based training day developed by a team of senior nurses to prepare band 5 nurses to become competent children's ward co-ordinators. Each of two groups - of either experienced or less experienced band 5s - starts with the training day as a base for either 12 or 18 months of in-work training that follow. A new job description matching the trust's workforce reorganisation enabled this development of the band 5 nurse's role. A service evaluation has found staff are more competent and confident as a result of this initiative. PMID:25004046

Scaife, Clair; October, Margaret; Kellett, Valerie

2014-07-01

83

Minimum Competencies in Undergraduate Motor Development. Guidance Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The minimum competency guidelines in Motor Development described herein at the undergraduate level may be gained in one or more motor development course(s) or through other courses provided in an undergraduate curriculum. The minimum guidelines include: (1) Formulation of a developmental perspective; (2) Knowledge of changes in motor behavior…

National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2004

2004-01-01

84

The Development of Community Competence in the Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are expected to frequently collaborate within teacher communities in schools. This requires teacher education to prepare student teachers by developing the necessary community competence. The present study empirically investigates the extent to which teacher education programmes pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of…

Dobber, Marjolein; Vandyck, Inne; Akkerman, Sanne; Graaff, Rick de; Beishuizen, Jos; Pilot, Albert; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan

2013-01-01

85

Implementing Teacher Competencies as a Professional Development Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two adult literacy teachers chose teacher competencies to develop as part of their professional action plans. They used the Self-Directed Staff Development Assessment instrument as a pre/post measure of their progress at novice, experienced, and master levels. The instrument proved a useful tool for identifying individual needs and strengths. (SK)

Wojcicki, Thomas P.

2003-01-01

86

Nine Constructs of Cultural Competence for Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the self-administered Clinical Cultural Competency Questionnaire (CCCQ) and assess the perceived level of cultural competence of students in Xavier University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy to guide curriculum development within the 4-year academic program. Methods The CCCQ was administrated to each class of pharmacy students during spring 2009. Exploratory factor analysis with principal components and varimax rotation was conducted to build the constructs explaining the factors measuring students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Results Nine factors, including 46 items extracted from the CCCQ and explaining 79% of the total variance, were found as the best fit to measure students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Conclusions The CCCQ was found to be a practical, valid, and reliable self-assessment instrument to measure the perceived level of pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and encounters in cross-cultural environments. The questionnaire allowed the identification of students' needs for training in cultural competence and the development of a curriculum tailored to satisfy those needs.

Brookover, Cecile; Kennedy, Kathleen

2010-01-01

87

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

88

Information tracking and encoding in early L1: linguistic competence vs. cognitive limitations.  

PubMed

This study provides experimental evidence for preschool children's competence in basic information structure, with particular attention to the notions of topic and focus. It investigates their mastery of structural and definiteness distinctions to encode the information status of discourse referents, and seeks to distinguish linguistic competence from cognitive development as the source for children's 'errors'. Evidence comes from a story-telling experiment performed on 45 children acquiring French (between the ages of 2;6·22 and 5;6·15). The article demonstrates continuity between the child and adult systems of basic discourse representation. It further argues that children's definiteness errors are not due to a lack of knowledge of the adult rules of information encoding. Rather, such errors stem from cognitive limitations and from assuming a wider common ground than adults would. PMID:21281543

De Cat, Cécile

2011-09-01

89

Initial Development and Validation of the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale  

PubMed Central

The current project sought to develop the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale (MICS), which assesses group-specific skills and attributes that facilitate effective cultural interactions, among adults of Mexican descent. Study 1 involved an Exploratory Factor Analysis (N = 184) that identified five factors including Ambition/Perseverance, Networking, the Traditional Latino Culture, Family Relationships, and Communication. In Study 2, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis provided evidence for the 5-factor model for adults of Mexican origin living in the Midwest (N = 341) region of the U.S. The general findings are discussed in terms of a competence-based formulation of cultural adaptation and include theoretical and clinical implications.

Torres, Lucas

2013-01-01

90

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.8: Records and Information Manager Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working as records and information managers. The activities of information professionals are listed by function: records and information program management; systems analysis; records center administration; general administration; planning; financial…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

91

COMPETENCIES FOR ORGANIZATIONAL INNOVATION POTENTIAL: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS ON INDIAN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) ORGANIZATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines competencies that contribute to innovation in Indian Information Technology organizations (n = 42). These competencies were conceptualized and measured in this paper. Their measurement is described. A cluster of low and high potentially innovative organizations, based on measures from an earlier study by the authors, is used to understand the competencies in the context of innovation. An

SANGHAMITRA GOSWAMI; Mary Mathew

2011-01-01

92

Credibility and Competence: Key Characteristics of Development Communicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agricultural extension systems in the developing countries have, with few exceptions, failed to increase agricultural productivity adequately. Many of the change agent failures can be traced to their lack of credibility. They are not trusted or respected because farmers have learned that many are not technically competent. Good agricultural…

Byrnes, Francis C.

93

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based…

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

94

Developing Supply Chain Management Program: A Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into…

Sauber, Matthew H.; McSurely, Hugh B.; Tummala, V. M. Rao

2008-01-01

95

Developing Multicultural Competence Using the Structured Peer Group Supervision Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in the role of supervision in counselor training has increased concurrent with the interest in effective strategies for developing multicultural counseling competency. L. D. Borders (1991) proposed a model of group supervision appropriate for use with supervisees of differing skill levels; however, the model does not overtly provide for…

Lassiter, Pamela S.; Napolitano, Louise; Culbreth, John R.; Ng, Kok-Mun

2008-01-01

96

DEVELOPMENT OF PROCESS COMPETENCIES BY REFLECTION, EXPERIMENTATION AND CREATIVITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of process competencies has become a core part of lifelong learning and a social requirement to universities. However, teaching and learning process skills is not an easy task as they are not purely analytical, technical, or scientific abilities but rather the individual's personal approach to learning, creativity, co-operation, communication, independent work, behavioural changes, self-management and self- evaluation as well

Anette Kolmos; Lise Kofoed

2003-01-01

97

Developing Broad Business Perspective Competencies by Partnering with Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CPA Vision Project-2011 and Beyond) is a blueprint for the accounting profession of the 21st Century. From this visioning process the AICPA Core Competency Framework for Entry into the Accounting Profession (1999) was developed. It is from this framework that accounting educators are invited to adjust curriculum to provide students with the…

Cummings, Richard; Miller, Mark W.

2006-01-01

98

The Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale: Development and Initial Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the development and initial validation of the multidimensional Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale (MTCS). Data from 506 pre- and in-service teachers were collected in three interrelated studies. Exploratory factor analysis results suggested a 16-item, two-factor solution: (a) multicultural teaching skill and (b)…

Spanierman, Lisa B.; Oh, Euna; Heppner, P. Paul; Neville, Helen A.; Mobley, Michael; Wright, Caroline Vaile; Dillon, Frank R.; Navarro, Rachel

2011-01-01

99

Peer Advising: An Opportunity for Leadership and Competency Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer advising is one model for delivering advising services. This article describes peer advising in the Human Service Program at the University of Tennessee. Students who serve as peer advisors provide a needed service, contribute to the human service program through their leadership, and benefit from developing competence consistent within the…

Diambra, Joel F.

2003-01-01

100

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

101

Development and Validation of a Music Education Competency Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Music Education Competency Test (MECT) was developed to gauge proficiency in selected singing, conducting, keyboard, and rehearsal skills. Three validity studies with 125 University of Illinois undergraduates examined MECT scores in relation to students' grades and compared students' scores by major emphasis (piano, voice, orchestral…

Beazley, Herschel V.

1981-01-01

102

Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

2012-01-01

103

How to Develop PACs. Performance and Competency-based Student Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed for developing performance and competency-based student materials (PACs). The PAC, an instructional tool that focuses on helping students master a specific objective, lends itself to vocational instruction. The first nine sections of the guide, consisting of information to assist teachers in gathering background materials…

Rouse, Bill, Comp.

104

The Management Development Program: A Competency-Based Model for Preparing Hospitality Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The master of management program at Cornell University focused on competency-based development of skills for the hospitality industry through core courses, minicourses, skill benchmarking, and continuous improvement. Benefits include a shift in the teacher role to advocate/coach, increased information sharing, student satisfaction, and clear…

Brownell, Judi; Chung, Beth G.

2001-01-01

105

Information Needs and Information Competencies: A Case Study of the Off-Site Supervision of Financial Institutions in Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The paper deals with the identification of the information needs and information competencies of a professional group. Theoretical basis: A theoretical relationship between information needs and information competencies as subjects is proposed. Three dimensions are examine: cognitive, affective and situational. The recognition of an…

Miranda, Silvania V.; Tarapanoff, Kira M. A.

2008-01-01

106

Development and Initial Validation of the Multicultural Competence Change Scale for Psychology Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, maintenance, and integration of multicultural competence into all aspects of psychologists' work is critical to ethical practice in an increasingly diverse society. Measurement of multicultural competency is critical to investigating the development of multicultural competence and the effectiveness of multicultural competency

Caban, Alisia Rose

2010-01-01

107

The development of ESD-related competencies in supportive institutional frameworks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany—in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations—one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping and understanding pupils' competencies. This article provides a Model of Competence for ESD in the formal education sector. This model aims to inform the organisation of teaching and to help assess the learning outcomes of pupils who have received instruction in issues relating to ESD. The competence model was developed and extended in connection with two German federal state innovation programmes which aimed to implement the concept of ESD in schools across the country.

de Haan, Gerhard

2010-06-01

108

Developing a Competence-Based Teacher Education Programme in Swaziland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational educators in Swaziland identified professional competencies in focus group workshops. These competencies and additional ones identified in a literature review were refined into 11 competence areas needed by teachers of practical studies (agriculture, commercial, home economics, and technical). (SK)

Mndebele, Comfort B. S.

1997-01-01

109

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos  

PubMed Central

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence.

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

110

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos.  

PubMed

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother-offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B M

2013-11-01

111

Competence Development in the Public Sector: Development, or Dismantling of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular, competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing…

Hjort, Katrin

2008-01-01

112

New service development competence in retail banking: Construct development and measurement validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

New service development (NSD) has emerged as an important area of research in service operations management. However, NSD empirical investigations have been hindered by the lack of psychometrically sound measurement items and scales. This paper reports a two-stage approach for the development and validation of new multi-item measurement scales reflecting a multidimensional construct called NSD competence. NSD competence reflects an

Larry J. Menor; Aleda V. Roth

2007-01-01

113

The Development of a Competence Scale for Learning Science: Inquiry and Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to measure school students' competence in learning science as part of a large research project in Taiwan. The instrument consisted of 29 self-report, Likert-type items divided into 2 scales: Competence in Scientific Inquiry and Competence in Communication. The Competence in Scientific…

Chang, Huey-Por; Chen, Chin-Chang; Guo, Gwo-Jen; Cheng, Yeong-Jin; Lin, Chen-Yung; Jen, Tsung-Hau

2011-01-01

114

Information Tracking and Encoding in Early L1: Linguistic Competence vs. Cognitive Limitations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides experimental evidence for preschool children's competence in basic information structure, with particular attention to the notions of topic and focus. It investigates their mastery of structural and definiteness distinctions to encode the information status of discourse referents, and seeks to distinguish linguistic competence

De Cat, Cecile

2011-01-01

115

Who Teaches Information Literacy Competencies? Report of a Study of Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is recognized as an essential competency for educational success. It relates to all disciplines but is not a separate discipline, so it is not clear who takes responsibility for teaching this competency to undergraduates. This is a report of a survey conducted to better understand the extent to which teaching information

Weiner, Sharon A.

2014-01-01

116

Teacher education and teacher competencies: a study of how a model of teacher competencies could inform pre-service primary teacher education in Sri Lanka  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation evaluates existing teacher competency statements in the literature in both developed and developing countries. This research was used to develop an appropriate and accessible set of teacher competencies for use in the Sri Lankan context, in particular for use in the National Colleges of Education where primary teacher training is undertaken. Competency statements from numerous sources, and theories

Sarath Perera

2003-01-01

117

Formal and Informal Means of Assessing the Communicative Competence of Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation suggests that observation of children's language in an informal context generally provides more comprehensive information about a kindergarten child's communicative competence than formal oral language assessment instruments. (DD)

Black, Janet

1979-01-01

118

Developing a Tool to Assess Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization (KATOC): Reliability and Validity  

PubMed Central

Objective The justification of informed consent requires that a patient be provided with the information necessary for deciding treatment and able to use such information based on reasonable thinking. The clinical decision to consider anyone who has mental disorder as incompetence without objective assessment does not only encroach human rights of the persons with mental illness, but seriously prevent them from being recovered. Hence the objective assessment of competency is needed in mental health. Our study aimed to develop the Korean Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization and to analyze the reliability and validity of this tool. Methods Totally 98 patients with mental illness who were hospitalized in mental hospital, participated in this study. For the subjects a questionnaire composing of 22 questions of understanding, appreciation, reasoning and expression of a choice was used. To investigate validity of this tool, MMSE-K, insight test, estimated IQ, BPRS were conducted. Its reliability and usefulness were examined with Cronbach's alpha, ICC and ROC analysis respectively and criterion related validation performed. Results As results, this tool shows that agreement between raters is relatively high and the confirmatory factor analysis for constructive validation shows that the tool is valid. Also, for criterion related validation, estimated IQ, insight and MMSE are significantly correlated to understanding, appreciation and reasoning. However competence to express a choice did not show any significant correlation with criterion variables, nor showed BPRS any significant correlation with sub-competences. Conclusion Our study developed the Korean Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Admission Treatment in the Mentally Ill, verified the reliability and validity of the tool and analyzed the optimum cutoff to distinguish between competence and incompetence in sub-competences. Korean Assessment Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization (KATOC), analyzed the reliability and validity of this tool and presented the cutoff points by subarea. As a result, the reliability and validity of satisfactory levels were verified, the ROC analysis was implemented based on the clinical assessment and the cutoff points were found in understanding, appreciation, expression of a choice and reasoning. Such findings showed that the tool developed by researchers could be very favorably used in Korea.

Seo, Mi Kyung; Kim, Seung Hyun

2011-01-01

119

Developing IS competence during cross-cultural collaboration in ad hoc virtual teams: a tale of one case analysis project  

Microsoft Academic Search

As information technology continues to transform the workplace, developing business-relevant skills through traditional classroom instruction becomes increasingly more complex. Globalization of the business environment leads to the need for increased ability to collaborate on projects across borders. One technological application which may be able to combine students' need to develop information technology competence with their need to adapt to a

Brenda Massetti; Beata M. Lobert

1996-01-01

120

Helping Amreica Compete: The Role of Federal Scientific & Technical Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared in response to a request from the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, this report assesses how scientific and technical information (STI) developed by or for the Federal Government can contribute to a more competitive United States and what actions are needed to realize this potential. It is argued that STI is important…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

121

Competence to Waive Interrogation Rights and Adjudicative Competence in Adolescent Defendants: Cognitive Development, Attorney Contact, and Psychological Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative\\u000a competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal\\u000a capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male\\u000a and female defendants aged 11–17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation

Jodi L. Viljoen; Ronald Roesch

2005-01-01

122

Development of Antimicrobial Competencies and Training for Staff Hospital Pharmacists  

PubMed Central

Antimicrobial stewardship is an important component in health care outcomes of all patients. Many institutions are seeking the best methods to incorporate antimicrobial stewardship strategies into their hospitals including pharmacy services. Multiple factors should be considered when beginning or expanding an antimicrobial stewardship program. The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of basic antibiotic competencies and training for staff pharmacists in a community hospital. The article includes an assessment of pharmacists’ knowledge pre education and post education, perception of benefits from an antibiotic education program, and learning needs and preferences.

Crader, Marsha F.

2014-01-01

123

Emotional Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

The concept of emotional competence as a positive youth development construct is reviewed in this paper. Differences between emotional intelligence and emotional competence are discussed and an operational definition is adopted. Assessment methods of emotional competence with an emphasis on its quantitative nature are introduced. In the discussion of theories of emotional competence, the functionalist and developmental perspectives and the relationships with positive youth development are highlighted. Possible antecedents, especially the influence of early child-caregiver, and expected outcomes of emotional competence are examined. Practical ways to promote emotional competence among adolescents, particularly the role of parents and teachers, and the future direction of research are also discussed.

Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

124

Building information and communication competence in a collaborative learning environment (K3)  

Microsoft Academic Search

K3, work in progress, an acronym for Kollaboration (collaboration), Kommunikation (communication) and Kompetenz (competence), will provide a knowledge management software that supports collaborative knowledge production in learning environments. The underlying hypothesis is that collaborative discourse conciliates information as well as communication competence better than traditional methods of instruction. The collaborative, communicative paradigm of K3 is supported by asynchronous communication tools

Michael Bürger; Joachim Griesbaum; Rainer Kuhlen

125

The development of a competence centre as a self-management instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on competence assessment, and its development in the context of self-management. Detailed case histories are included. Concludes that competence assessment will be an approach adopted by an increasing number of companies.

Daniël Vloeberghs; T. Robert de Rijke; Albertine J. Strokappe

2000-01-01

126

A Financial Aid Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of 30 competencies was distributed to 508 financial aid officers in the Western United States. Respondents were asked to rate 30 job competencies for their relative importance and frequency of use. Using exploratory factor analysis,…

Woolf, Neil; Martinez, Mario

2013-01-01

127

Competence development in the public sector: Development, or dismantling of professionalism?  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public\\u000a sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular,\\u000a competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing dominant Neo-Liberal political

Katrin Hjort

2008-01-01

128

Developing a curriculum framework for global health in family medicine: emerging principles, competencies, and educational approaches  

PubMed Central

Background Recognizing the growing demand from medical students and residents for more comprehensive global health training, and the paucity of explicit curricula on such issues, global health and curriculum experts from the six Ontario Family Medicine Residency Programs worked together to design a framework for global health curricula in family medicine training programs. Methods A working group comprised of global health educators from Ontario's six medical schools conducted a scoping review of global health curricula, competencies, and pedagogical approaches. The working group then hosted a full day meeting, inviting experts in education, clinical care, family medicine and public health, and developed a consensus process and draft framework to design global health curricula. Through a series of weekly teleconferences over the next six months, the framework was revised and used to guide the identification of enabling global health competencies (behaviours, skills and attitudes) for Canadian Family Medicine training. Results The main outcome was an evidence-informed interactive framework http://globalhealth.ennovativesolution.com/ to provide a shared foundation to guide the design, delivery and evaluation of global health education programs for Ontario's family medicine residency programs. The curriculum framework blended a definition and mission for global health training, core values and principles, global health competencies aligning with the Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists (CanMEDS) competencies, and key learning approaches. The framework guided the development of subsequent enabling competencies. Conclusions The shared curriculum framework can support the design, delivery and evaluation of global health curriculum in Canada and around the world, lay the foundation for research and development, provide consistency across programmes, and support the creation of learning and evaluation tools to align with the framework. The process used to develop this framework can be applied to other aspects of residency curriculum development.

2011-01-01

129

Developing nurse educator competency in the pedagogy of simulation.  

PubMed

Faculty development is needed for nurse educators to effectively use simulation as a learning tool. A synthesis of research evidence regarding current practices in preparing educators to use simulation provided a foundation for faculty development. Implementation of a two-pronged approach within a regional collaboration of four schools of nursing is described; results of the evaluation of the approaches are presented. Use of the National League for Nursing Core Competencies of Nurse Educators as the organizing framework and Roger's Diffusion of Innovations Model as the theoretical framework is discussed. An overview is provided of the two prongs: (a) a short course for novice educators, and (b) examples of continuing education programming for experienced faculty members new to simulation to enhance effective application of this pedagogy. Recommendations include designing faculty development for simulation within a framework for systems change, maintaining flexibility to meet diverse needs, and using existing online resources. PMID:23110325

Jeanette, McNeill; Parker, Ramona Ann; Nadeau, Julie; Pelayo, Lula W; Cook, Jennifer

2012-12-01

130

A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

2012-12-01

131

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

132

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPETENCE SCALE FOR LEARNING SCIENCE: INQUIRY AND COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to measure school students’ competence in learning science as part\\u000a of a large research project in Taiwan. The instrument consisted of 29 self-report, Likert-type items divided into 2 scales:\\u000a Competence in Scientific Inquiry and Competence in Communication. The Competence in Scientific Inquiry scale contained 4 subscales:\\u000a presenting questions and hypothesis,

Huey-Por Chang; Chin-Chang Chen; Gwo-Jen Guo; Yeong-Jin Cheng; Chen-Yung Lin; Tsung-Hau Jen

2011-01-01

133

Temporal Fate Specification and Neural Progenitor Competence During Development  

PubMed Central

The vast diversity of neurons and glia of the central nervous system is generated from a small, heterogeneous population of progenitors that undergo transcriptional changes during development to sequentially specify distinct cell fates. Guided by cell intrinsic and temporal extrinsic cues, invertebrate and mammalian neural progenitors carefully regulate when and how many of each cell type is produced to form functional neural circuits. Emerging evidence indicates that neural progenitors also undergo changes in global chromatin architecture, thereby restricting the duration a particular temporal cue can act. Thus, studies of temporal identity specification and progenitor competence can provide insight into how we may use neural progenitors to more effectively generate specific cell types for brain repair.

Kohwi, Minoree; Doe, Chris Q.

2014-01-01

134

Adult Basic and Literacy Education Staff Competencies: A Literature Review and Recommendations for Developing a Competency-Based Staff Development Program in Pennsylvania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a project to improve professional development for adult basic and literacy educators in Pennsylvania, a literature review was conducted of studies of professional competencies needed by adult educators. Extensive review of previous studies showed that hundreds of competencies had been identified. Some states also had generated their own…

Reiff, Tana

135

Preliminary Insight of Information Literacy Competencies among School Library Media Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines library media teachers' perception of information literacy, their current levels of information literacy competencies, and the factors affecting information literacy implementation in secondary schools. 36 library media teachers from Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Kuala Lumpur participated in this self-report questionnaire-based…

Tan, Shyh-Mee; Diljit, Singh

2010-01-01

136

Action Learning: Developing Critical Competencies for Knowledge Era Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of the twentieth century, the goal in education was the generation and dissemination of information. With the rise of technology and unlimited access to information, it is the ability to apply knowledge and learn from experience that is the new priority for employee development. Action learning, with its emphasis on action and reflection,…

Robinson, Greg

2005-01-01

137

The development of the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale: a standardized measure of social competence in autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

Autism and its related disorders are commonly described as lying along a continuum that ranges in severity and are collectively referred to as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Although all individuals with ASD meet the social impairment diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM-IV-TR, they do not present with the same social difficulties. The variability in the expression and severity of social competence is particularly evident among the group of individuals with "high-functioning" ASD who appear to have difficulty applying their average to above average intelligence in a social context. There is a striking paucity of empirical research investigating individual differences in social functioning among individuals with high-functioning ASD. It is possible that more detailed investigations of social competence have been impeded by the lack of standardized measures available to assess the nature and severity of social impairment. The aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate a parent rating scale capable of assessing individual differences in social competence (i.e. strengths and challenges) among adolescents with ASD: the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale (MSCS). Results from confirmatory factor analyses supported the hypothesized multidimensional factor structure of the MSCS. Seven relatively distinct domains of social competence were identified including social motivation, social inferencing, demonstrating empathic concern, social knowledge, verbal conversation skills, nonverbal sending skills, and emotion regulation. Psychometric evidence provided preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the scale. Possible applications of this promising new parent rating scale in both research and clinical settings are discussed. PMID:24108618

Yager, Jodi; Iarocci, Grace

2013-12-01

138

Integrating STEM Information Competencies into an Undergraduate Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students in science disciplines often arrive at college without experience using primary science literature and lacking in skills required to manipulate information. A cohesive, curriculum-integrated information literacy program is crucial in teaching science majors how to determine information needs and to locate, evaluate, synthesize, and use information. Described are the best practices, challenges, and assessment tools as applied in the

Jeanine M. Scaramozzino

2010-01-01

139

A Competency-Based Model for Developing Human Resource Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a framework for the design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for graduate management education. The article also outlines how this model has been implemented at one university in the context of a graduate degree in human resource management. Among the significant challenges discussed are the identification of competencies required for professional success; the identification of the

Glenn M. McEvoy; James C. Hayton; Alan P. Warnick; Troy V. Mumford; Steven H. Hanks; Mary Jo Blahna

2005-01-01

140

Information Security Development Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information is a very valuable resource and must be protected against harmful attacks from inside as well as outside the organization. As a resource, information is the lifeline of many organizations and is therefore vital for the survival of any organization today. Information security has developed over the last 50 years due to different development trends that have an influence

E. von Solms

141

Information for Agricultural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the major international agricultural information services, sources, and systems; outlines the existing information situation in Tanzania as it relates to problems of agricultural development; and reviews the improvements in information provision resources required to support the process of agricultural development in Tanzania.…

Kaungamno, E. E.

142

Competencies for port and logistics personnel: An application of regional human resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that\\u000a have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel,\\u000a a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert interviews to develop a competency\\u000a survey. Six competency clusters and 16

Young-sik Ahn; Gary N. McLean

2008-01-01

143

The Integrated Personnel Development System: The Training and Development of Competent Firefighters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article enquires into the nature of an emergent continuous professional development (CPD) mechanism for firefighters in the form of an Integrated Personnel Development System (IPDS), which proposes to base future training for every rank in the service on the acquisition and demonstration of competence for role. IPDS is due to be introduced…

Moran, Peter; Starling, Paul

2005-01-01

144

Competence to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative competence in adolescent defendants: cognitive development, attorney contact, and psychological symptoms.  

PubMed

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male and female defendants aged 11-17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation of Miranda Rights, the Fitness Interview Test (Revised Edition), the Woodcock-Johnson III Cognitive Assessment Battery, and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale for Children. Legal capacities relevant to interrogation and adjudication increased with age. These developmental differences were partially mediated or explained by cognitive development. Of the specific cognitive abilities examined (general intellectual ability, verbal ability, reasoning, long-term retrieval, attention, and executive functioning), verbal ability was a particularly strong predictor of performance on competency measures. Also, defendants obtained lower scores on competency measures if they showed evidence of attention deficits or hyperactivity, had spent limited time with their attorneys, and/or were from low socioeconomic backgrounds. PMID:16382358

Viljoen, Jodi L; Roesch, Ronald

2005-12-01

145

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically developing children ages 4 to 14 years. Study 2 included 126 clinic-referred

Clark McKown; Laura M. Gumbiner; Nicole M. Russo; Meryl Lipton

2009-01-01

146

Developing Generic Competences in Online Virtual Education Programmes at the University of Deusto  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The current paper focuses on the increasing demand for generic competences both from governments and industries. Despite this fact, there is insufficient awareness and information in education systems on how to equip graduates with appropriate generic competences for the world of work and citizenship. This is even more complicated in…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2012-01-01

147

Research in the Biotech Age: Can Informational Privacy Compete?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the privacy of personal medical information in the health research context. Arguing that biomedical research in Canada has been caught up in the government's broader neoliberal policy agenda that has positioned biotechnology as a strategic driver of economic growth, the author discusses the tension between informational

Peekhaus, Wilhelm

2008-01-01

148

Developing Employee Competence. Symposium 25. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three papers from a symposium on developing employee competence. The first paper, "Coaching in Organizations: Self-Assessment of Competence" (Gary N. McLean, Min-Hsun [Christine] Kuo), reports on development and pilot-testing of an instrument to identify the developmental needs of managers and peers to function more…

2000

149

Quality Literacy--Competencies for Quality Development in Education and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article suggests that stakeholders involved in quality development need a specific competence, called quality literacy, in order to successfully improve learning processes. We introduce and describe quality literacy as a set of competencies that are needed for professional quality development. Quality literacy emphasises the importance of…

Ehlers, Ulf-Daniel

2007-01-01

150

Development of Psychiatric–Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Competencies: Opportunities for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of the psychiatric–mental health nurse practitioner(PMHNP) competencies. The historical context and controversy regarding the role of advanced practice psychiatric mental health nursing as well as the consensus process of a national panel charged with the development of these competencies are described. Also, implications for education, practice, research, and policy are

Kathleen Wheeler; Judith Haber

2004-01-01

151

Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the European…

Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

2008-01-01

152

Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those…

Baker, Susan S.; Pearson, Meredith; Chipman, Helen

2009-01-01

153

A Theoretical Framework for the Identifying, Assessment and Development of Competency of Border Officers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Border officers are a special group within the board range of army officers. They are responsible for the organization and implementation of the development of border armies. Therefore the competency of these officers will directly affect the successfulness of these developments. Through a review of relevant literatures this paper first gives an overview on the state of competency research. This

Baozhong Qing; Hong Zhao; Tian Xia

2011-01-01

154

Nurses' Competencies in Disaster Nursing: Implications for Curriculum Development and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses’ perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses’ perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses’ (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses’ perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public.

Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

2014-01-01

155

Explaining information technology usage: A test of competing models  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much of the prior information technology (IT) research has attempted to explain users’ acceptance of new IT, recent research has focused on IT continuance or continued usage. The technology acceptance model (TAM) and the expectation–disconfirmation theory (EDT) are currently the dominant referent theoretical frameworks explaining user acceptance and continuance of IT, respectively. However, no study to date has yet

G. Premkumar; Anol Bhattacherjee

2008-01-01

156

Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

Nagarkar, S.

2010-10-01

157

Information Network Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Bureau of Education (IBE) and Unesco, together with their member states, are faced with the task of implementing a proposed network--the International Network for Educational Information (INED)--for the better use of information resources for educational development. This review of issues that need to be considered in the…

Mahon, F. V.

158

Civil Depth Perception: An Experiment in Competence Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the perception of the surface and deep dimensions of a society and its relation to competence. Participants were 117 students from various educational programs in a Swedish gymnasium who were exposed to videotaped projections of model societies on 2 occasions. They responded to 15 statements marking the degree of certainty…

Bierschenk, Inger

159

Competence Development Learning by Problem Solving. No. 74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A dialogue between two secondary school students engaged in solving a problem is the basis for the assertion that the students differ in their problem solving capabilities; that is, they reduce the complexity of the situation in different ways. The discussion also suggests that students do not use the same form of competence. They make sense of…

Bang, Jytte; Rasmussen, Ole Elstrup

160

Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of…

Kohli, Hermeet K.; Huber, Ruth; Faul, Anna C.

2010-01-01

161

Development of Competence in Dynamic Learning Environments. No. 79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspective Text Analysis is a way to measure competence by measuring the strategy of synthesizing, which intelligence tests or questionnaires cannot measure. This paper proposes the use of Perspective Text Analysis in the study of instructional materials. Perspective Text Analysis has been applied in various learning environments, and the results…

Bierschenk, Inger

162

Developing Teachers' Subject Didactic Competence through Problem Posing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem posing (not only in lesson planning but also directly in teaching whenever needed) is one of the attributes of a teacher's subject didactic competence. In this paper, problem posing in teacher education is understood as an educational and a diagnostic tool. The results of the study were gained in pre-service primary school teacher…

Ticha, Marie; Hospesova, Alena

2013-01-01

163

The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

2009-01-01

164

Developing Intercultural Competence through the Learning Community Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning Communities (LC) represent an alternative model of teaching and learning in higher education that can foster intercultural competence and knowledge. "Some of the distinctive features of LCs are that they are usually smaller than most units on campus, they help overcome the isolation of faculty members from one another and their students,…

Rivera-Mills, Susana V.

2010-01-01

165

Validation and Development of Competencies for Meeting Planners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the entry-level requirements for meeting planners. The study benefited from the definition of the body of knowledge that had already been done for a professional meeting planner certificate by the Association of Professional Meeting Planners International. To document the competencies needed for an entry-level…

Walk, Mary H.

166

Developing psychotherapists' competence through clinical supervision: protocol for a qualitative study of supervisory dyads  

PubMed Central

Background Mental health professionals face unique demands and stressors in their work, resulting in high rates of burnout and distress. Clinical supervision is a widely adopted and valued mechanism of professional support, development, and accountability, despite the very limited evidence of specific impacts on therapist or client outcomes. The current study aims to address this by exploring how psychotherapists develop competence through clinical supervision and what impact this has on the supervisees’ practice and their clients’ outcomes. This paper provides a rationale for the study and describes the protocol for an in-depth qualitative study of supervisory dyads, highlighting how it addresses gaps in the literature. Methods/Design The study of 16–20 supervisor-supervisee dyads uses a qualitative mixed method design, with two phases. In phase one, supervisors who are nominated as expert by their peers are interviewed about their supervision practice. In phase two, supervisors record a supervision session with a consenting supervisee; interpersonal process recall interviews are conducted separately with supervisor and supervisee to reflect in depth on the teaching and learning processes occurring. All interviews will be transcribed, coded and analysed to identify the processes that build competence, using a modified form of Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) strategies. Using a theory-building case study method, data from both phases of the study will be integrated to develop a model describing the processes that build competence and support wellbeing in practising psychotherapists, reflecting the accumulated wisdom of the expert supervisors. Discussion The study addresses past study limitations by examining expert supervisors and their supervisory interactions, by reflecting on actual supervision sessions, and by using dyadic analysis of the supervisory pairs. The study findings will inform the development of future supervision training and practice and identify fruitful avenues for future research.

2013-01-01

167

Interactive Self-Assessment Test for Improving and Evaluating Information Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The InfoliTrans Test is a portal designed to analyze, explore, and improve information competence among students of higher education, using the field of Translation and Interpretation for this pilot project. The methodology, based on the best international practices and experiences, and its specifications are detailed. From a practical standpoint,…

Pinto, Maria; Garcia-Marco, Javier; Sales, Dora; Cordon, Jose Antonio

2010-01-01

168

Sustainable Competitive Advantage through Information Technology Competence: Resource-Based View on Small and Medium Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technology (ICT) has been the main focused of Malaysian government to strengthen the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the country. However, scholars in resource-based view acknowledge that sustainable competitive advantage can only be achieved through building a co-specialised ICT competence between the human factors and ICT facilities in the firm. In the context of SMEs, the

J. W. Ong; Hishamuddin Bin Ismail

169

Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

2014-01-01

170

Developing a Professional Competence Model for Nursing Education. Final Report, Research Report Number Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A generic competence model for effective nursing performance was developed and compared with nurses' perceptions of job elements that discriminate outstanding nursing performance and that are critical in the selection and education of nurses. The model is to be used to validate the nursing faculty's existing competence model for nursing education…

Mentkowski, Marcia; And Others

171

Blogging: Fostering Intercultural Competence Development in Foreign Language and Study Abroad Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An essential instructional goal in foreign language education is the enhancement of students' intercultural competence. This article reports on a study that examined how intercultural competence developed between study abroad and at home students (in Spain and the United States, respectively) who used blogs as a mediating tool over the course of a…

Elola, Idoia; Oskoz, Ana

2008-01-01

172

Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2009-01-01

173

Feasibility Study for Paravetic Competency Development of Vocational Agriculture Teachers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of an animal health (paravetical) competency development inservice program for vocational agriculture teachers in Pennsylvania. Objectives were to identify the paravetic (paraveterinary medical) competencies needed by vocational agriculture teachers to teach high school students and adults via…

Evans, Donald E.

174

Developing Competence Profiles for Educators in Environmental Education Organisations in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the meanings and possible merits of introducing competence profiles for enhancing professional development in the environmental education sector in the Netherlands. It presents the three most important environmental education jobs and their underlying competencies alongside their core professional challenges, as…

Wesselink, Renate; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2011-01-01

175

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

176

Impact of Nursing Learning Environments on Adaptive Competency Development in Baccalaureate Nursing Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kolb's experiential learning theory was used as a framework to study 179 generic baccalaureate students' perceptions of the different types of learning environments and adaptive competencies. Clinical experience and preceptorships contributed more to competency development than did nursing or nonnursing classes. (JOW)

Laschinger, Heather K. Spence

1992-01-01

177

The Development of a Self-Assessment Instrument to Evaluate Selected Competencies of Continuing Education Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult and continuing education practitioners must engage in continuing professional education as a means of developing and maintaining their professional competence. This paper reviews the literature on competencies for continuing educators and examines the strengths of existing instruments for continuing educators to self-assess their…

Sullivan, Sherry; Thompson, Gordon

2005-01-01

178

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

179

The Development of Professional Competencies by Educational Assistants in School-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of developing competencies by students in a school-based initial teacher education program was analyzed for a whole currently available population of 26 in-service students preparing to become educational assistants using: (1) a Kolb-type questionnaire on learning style; (2) a storyline instrument graphically showing competence grows…

Taconis, R.; van der Plas, P.; van der Sanden, J.

2004-01-01

180

Learning Objects and the Development of Students' Key Competencies: A New Zealand School Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a study investigating the impact of the use of learning objects on the development of two key competencies from the revised New Zealand Curriculum Framework (Ministry of Education, 2007). It specifically focuses on the key competencies of "thinking" and "relating to others", and explores how teachers in an urban intermediate…

Falloon, Garry

2010-01-01

181

Excellence in School Nursing Practice: Developing a National Perspective on School Nurse Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing national standards for school nurse competencies can influence professional practice, student wellbeing, and achievement. Collaboration between national experts is key. Closely aligning work of the Southern Regional Education Board Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing on entry-level competencies with the "Standards of…

Bobo, Nichole; Adams, Virginia W.; Cooper, Leslie

2002-01-01

182

Sustained Attention and Social Competence in Typically Developing Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examines the relationship between sustained attention and social competence in preschool children. While studies demonstrate that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) exhibit poor social competence, less is known about typically developing children. Since children with ADHD have associated behavior…

Murphy, Laura M. Bennett; Laurie-Rose, Cynthia; Brinkman, Tara M.; McNamara, Kelly A.

2007-01-01

183

Texas A & I University Child Development Associate Training Materials: Book B. Competency B: Advancing Physical and Intellectual Competence in Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume, the third in a series of seven, contains the eight learning modules which focus on the second Child Development Associate (CDA) competency, advancing physical and intellectual competence in young children, in the performance-based curriculum of the Texas A & I Bilingual Bicultural Child Development Associate Training Program. The…

Texas A and I Univ., Kingsville.

184

The Role of Students' Personality Characteristics, Self-Perceived Competence and Learning Conceptions in the Acquisition and Development of Social Communicative Competence: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important purpose of higher social work education is to guide students to acquire and develop social-communicative competencies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role students' personality characteristics, self-perceived communicative competence and learning conceptions play in the acquisition and development of…

Bakx, A. W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, J. M. M.; Sijtsma, K.; Croon, M. A.; Vermetten, Y. J. M.

2006-01-01

185

Developing Interorganizational Information Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report first investigate the literature on the processes of development and of problem solving. The aim is to arrive at a model for understanding the joint development of an information system by actors from distinct organizations. It then presents fo...

F. W. Wierda

1991-01-01

186

One specialty's collaborative approach to competency-based curriculum development.  

PubMed

The authors describe a seven-step consensus development process used to create the two most recent editions of the Academic Pediatric Association's (APA's) educational guidelines for pediatric residency. The 1996 (printed) and 2004 (online) editions of the guidelines were designed as flexible tools to help residency programs meet changing accreditation requirements by providing lists of goals and objectives and objective-based evaluation tools. The guidelines were developed in seven steps: (1) centralized national leadership combined with coordinated, disseminated authorship, (2) clear definition of targeted users and repeated assessment of their needs, (3) incorporation of up-to-date information from the literature and national experts, (4) responsive consultation with the national Pediatric Residency Review Committee on the latest accreditation requirements, (5) wide distribution for prepublication review, to obtain broad organizational buy-in and end-user acceptance, (6) intensive dissemination and faculty development through multiple national workshops over several years, and (7) careful evaluation of utilization and user feedback. Representatives of all major organizations involved in pediatric education helped to refine the guidelines. User surveys conducted for the 1996 edition, and Web site user data collected for the 2004 edition, demonstrate that both editions have been used by most residency programs throughout the country. The authors believe that the multifaceted approach to consensus development and the customizable design of the curricular tools in the APA's guidelines are directly associated with their broad national use. These methods may help to guide educators in other disciplines who are interested in developing and implementing educational products for national dissemination and use. PMID:19707069

Kittredge, Diane; Baldwin, Constance D; Bar-on, Miriam; Trimm, R Franklin; Beach, Patricia S

2009-09-01

187

Effect of Selected Antibiotics and Other Inhibitors on Competence Development in Haemophilus Influenzae.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effect of streptomycin, penicillin, polymyxin, chloramphenicol, novobiocin, erythromycin, D-cycloserine, 8-azaguanine, and 6-azauracil on competence development in Haemophilus influenzae was studied. D-cycloserine and 6-azauracil had no inhibitory eff...

J. M. Ranhand H. C. Lichstein

1968-01-01

188

A Resource Guide; "National and Regional Developments in Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) and Competency Based Certification (CBC)."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide on competency based teacher education (CBTE) and competency based certification (CBC) states that the degree of explicitness required in CBTE programs and CBC programs and CBC systems is greater than in traditional programs. A CBTE program must specify (a) what the learner is to do, (b) the degree or level of competency

Pitman, John C.

189

The Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention Adherence and Competence Scale: Development, Interrater Reliability and Validity  

PubMed Central

The present study describes the development of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention Adherence and Competence Scale (MBRP-AC), a measure of treatment integrity for Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP). MBRP is a newly developed treatment integrating core aspects of relapse prevention with mindfulness practices. The MBRP-AC was developed in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of MBRP efficacy and consists of two sections: Adherence (adherence to individual components of MBRP and discussion of key concepts), and Competence (ratings of therapist style/approach and performance). Audio recordings from 44 randomly selected group-treatment sessions (50%) were rated by independent raters for therapist adherence and competence in the RCT. Findings evinced high interrater reliability for all treatment adherence and competence ratings, and adequate internal consistency for Global Therapist Style/Approach and Global Therapist Competence summary scales. Ratings on the MBRP-AC showed that therapists in the recent RCT adhered to protocol, discussed key concepts in each session, and demonstrated the intended style and competence in treatment delivery. Finally, components of the Competence section were positively related to measures of therapeutic alliance, and overall ratings on the Adherence section were positively related to measures of change in mindfulness over the course of the treatment.

Chawla, Neharika; Collins, Susan; Bowen, Sarah; Hsu, Sharon; Grow, Joel; Douglas, Anne; Marlatt, G. Alan

2012-01-01

190

Competencies; A New Sector; Developing a Competency Model for Three Star Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a working paper based on a current Hotel Management Skillnet project, which is due to be completed by December 2001. This project arose from previous research by the Irish Hotel and Catering Institute (IHCI), the Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), the Tourism Research Centre (TRC) and University College Dublin (UCD) into continuing professional development in the hospitality

Tony m Kiely; Monica Brophy

2001-01-01

191

Competencies of Leaders and Managers in Educational Research and Development. Independent Research and Development Project Reports. Report No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report clarifies pilot efforts which address new problem areas in educational needs. The project was initiated to determine the specific competencies essential to the management of educational projects in research and development. The goals of the project were to establish a profile of identified competencies for use in planning the content…

DeAnda, Natividad

192

The strategic role of Human Resource Development in managing core competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Resource-Based View (R-BV) of strategy emphasizes the importance of core competencies as the critical basis for sustainable competitive advantage. Yet, discussions of strategy typically ignore the role of the Human Resource Development (HRD) function in core competency development and management. The literature on strategic HRD is reviewed to locate the R-BV as a basis for redefining HRD's role in

Alan Clardy

2008-01-01

193

Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development.

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

194

Height in mid childhood and psychosocial competencies in late childhood: evidence from four developing countries.  

PubMed

We use longitudinal data from children growing up in four developing countries (Peru, India, Vietnam, Ethiopia) to study the relationship between height at the age of 7-8 and a set of psychosocial competencies measured at the age of 11-12 that are known to be correlated with earnings during adulthood: self-efficacy, self-esteem and aspirations. Results show that a one standard deviation increase in height-for-age tends to increase self-efficacy, self-esteem and aspirations by 10.4%, 6.4% and 5.1%, respectively. We argue that these findings are likely to be informing of an underlying relationship between undernutrition and the formation of non-cognitive skills. PMID:23669463

Dercon, Stefan; Sánchez, Alan

2013-12-01

195

Competence in Teaching Mindfulness-Based Courses: Concepts, Development and Assessment.  

PubMed

There has been a groundswell of interest in the UK in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and its derivatives, particularly Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Many health, education and social work practitioners have sought ways to develop their competencies as mindfulness-based teachers, and increasing numbers of organisations are developing mindfulness-based training programmes. However, the rapid expansion of interest in mindfulness-based approaches has meant that those people offering training for MBSR and MBCT teachers have had to consider some quite fundamental questions about training processes, standards and competence. They also need to consider how to develop a robust professional context for the next generation of mindfulness-based teachers. The ways in which competencies are addressed in the secular mainstream contexts in which MBSR and MBCT are taught are examined to enable a consideration of the particularities of mindfulness-based teaching competence. A framework suggesting how competencies develop in trainees is presented. The current status of methodologies for assessing competencies used in mindfulness-based training and research programmes is reviewed. We argue that the time is ripe to continue to develop these dialogues across the international community of mindfulness-based trainers and teachers. PMID:23293683

Crane, Rebecca S; Kuyken, Willem; Williams, J Mark G; Hastings, Richard P; Cooper, Lucinda; Fennell, Melanie J V

2012-03-01

196

Development and Psychometric Testing of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for Family Caregivers in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Suicide caring competence is important for family caregivers to care their relatives with suicidal tendencies. The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for family caregivers in Taiwan. A 20-item SCCS was tested on 165 family caregivers. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that five subscales with 19 items best fit the data. The Cronbach's ? and test-retest reliability of the SCCS was 0.90 and 0.81, respectively. The SCCS demonstrated acceptable construct validity and reliability. Nurses can use the SCCS to assess the suicide caring competence of family caregivers. PMID:25017563

Sun, Fan-Ko; Chiang, Chun-Ying; Chen, Wei-Jen; Wang, Ruey-Hsia; Huang, Hui-Man; Lin, Hung-Yen

2014-08-01

197

Is competence set expansion in the information service industry a planned behavior? The moderating effects of action control style  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological advancement has brought dramatic changes to most industries. As a result, the pressure to compete has intensified tremendously. This is especially evident in the information service (IS) industry where the need of companies to expand their employees' competence set (CS) becomes critical. This study investigated whether CS expansion in the IS industry is a planned behavior moderated by individual

Daniel Y. Shee; Ya-Ling Wu

2008-01-01

198

Competency development in new registered nurse graduates: closing the gap between education and practice.  

PubMed

The gap between a new registered nurse graduate's education for practice and actual practice requirements of new registered nurses has long been an accepted fact in nursing. This article describes the development of an intervention from the academic side of the gap to improve the competency of nursing students before graduation. The intervention is noteworthy because it was developed collaboratively between academia and practice. The three-pronged intervention included development of learning modules based on the top 10 high-risk, high-volume patient conditions; faculty and staff educator development in learning strategies to enhance competency development; and sharing of products with the 84 schools of nursing in Texas. PMID:18323143

Burns, Paulette; Poster, Elizabeth C

2008-02-01

199

The Swiss Health Literacy Survey: development and psychometric properties of a multidimensional instrument to assess competencies for health.  

PubMed

Background? Growing recognition of the role of citizens and patients in health and health care has placed a spotlight on health literacy and patient education. Objective? To identify specific competencies for health in definitions of health literacy and patient-centred concepts and empirically test their dimensionality in the general population. Methods? A thorough review of the literature on health literacy, self-management, patient empowerment, patient education and shared decision making revealed considerable conceptual overlap as competencies for health and identified a corpus of 30 generic competencies for health. A questionnaire containing 127 items covering the 30 competencies was fielded as a telephone interview in German, French and Italian among 1255 respondents randomly selected from the resident population in Switzerland. Findings? Analyses with the software MPlus to model items with mixed response categories showed that the items do not load onto a single factor. Multifactorial models with good fit could be erected for each of five dimensions defined a priori and their corresponding competencies: information and knowledge (four competencies, 17 items), general cognitive skills (four competencies, 17 items), social roles (two competencies, seven items), medical management (four competencies, 27 items) and healthy lifestyle (two competencies, six items). Multiple indicators and multiple causes models identified problematic differential item functioning for only six items belonging to two competencies. Conclusions? The psychometric analyses of this instrument support broader conceptualization of health literacy not as a single competence but rather as a package of competencies for health. PMID:22390287

Wang, Jen; Thombs, Brett D; Schmid, Margareta R

2014-06-01

200

Developing a competency-based educational structure within clinical and translational science.  

PubMed

In the emerging field of clinical and translational science (CTS), where researchers use both basic and clinical science research methodologies to move discoveries to clinical practice, establishing standards of competence is essential for preparing physician-scientists for the profession and for defining the field. The diversity of skills needed to execute quality research within the field of CTS has heightened the importance of an educational process that requires learners to demonstrate competence. Particularly within the more applied clinical science disciplines where there is a multi- or interdisciplinary approach to conducting research, defining and articulating the unique role and associated competencies of a physician-scientist is necessary. This paper describes a systematic process for developing a competency-based educational framework within a CTS graduate program at one institution. PMID:23601338

Dilmore, Terri Collin; Moore, Debra W; Bjork, Zuleikha

2013-04-01

201

Developing core interprofessional competencies for community rehabilitation practitioners: findings from an Australian study.  

PubMed

This study aimed to determine the core competencies that underpin the practice of community rehabilitation (CR) practitioners working in a single state in Australia. Using a recursive and consultative methodology designed to build consensus, CR professionals, trainers, educators, and researchers developed a preliminary set of core interprofessional competencies that were considered essential to their practice. Data were collected in four main stages that engaged practitioners and experts in the CR field in the process of identifying, defining, validating, and endorsing a set of competencies. The first stage involved focus groups with 50 senior practitioners in metropolitan, rural/remote, regional, and indigenous communities. The second and third stages involved expert panels consisting of 20 trainers/educators, senior leaders, and scholars who refined, defined and validated the competency areas and developed statements that reflected the data.These statements formed the basis of a survey that was distributed to all current CR practitioners based in this state for endorsement, 40 of whom responded. Ten competencies emerged from this process. Although there are limitations to the application of competencies, they will have significant implications for the future training of CR practitioners who can transcend professional boundaries. PMID:21182441

Kendall, E; Muenchberger, H; Catalano, T; Amsters, D; Dorsett, P; Cox, R

2011-03-01

202

Information Literacy and its Relationship to Cognitive Development and Reflective Judgment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article maps the Association of College and Research Libraries' Information Competency Standards for Higher Education to the cognitive development levels developed by William G. Perry and Patricia King and Karen Kitchener to suggest which competencies are appropriate for which level of cognitive development. (Contains 1 table.)

Jackson, Rebecca

2008-01-01

203

NAIT CPD. Competency Profile Development: A Systems Approach for Program Review Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Engineering Technologies Division of the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Canada has developed a systems approach to program review called Competency Profile Development (CPD). This approach utilizes a combination of organizational communication, project management, management-by-objectives, a modified Developing A Curriculum…

Dhariwal, Mave

204

The Concept of Competence in the Development of Vocational Education and Training in Selected EU Member States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution reviews how four European countries--England, Germany, France and the Netherlands--use the concept of competence in the process of developing vocational education and training. Competence in England is set in the context of the National Vocational Qualifications; in Germany within action competence and the approach to learning…

Weigel, Tanja; Mulder, Martin; Collins, Kate

2007-01-01

205

The effectiveness of an educational programme for nursing students on developing competence in the provision of spiritual care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim. To determine the effects of a course for nursing students on developing competence in spiritual care and the factors that might influence the effects. Background. Studies suggest that role preparation in nursing for spiritual care is poor. For the assessment of competence, few or no explicit competency framework or assessment tools seemed to be used. Design. Quasi-experimental crossover design

René van Leeuwen; Lucas J Tiesinga; Berrie Middel; Doeke Post; Henk Jochemsen

2008-01-01

206

A Mixed Project-Based Learning Framework: Preparing and Developing Student Competencies in a French "Grande Ecole"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging engineers need to rely on a whole body of scientific and technical knowledge, but also on a wide set of competencies. For engineering schools a competency objectives approach requires specific pedagogical methods. Some competencies based on skills and attitudes are difficult to develop through traditional teaching, so in 2003 our…

Rouvrais, S.; Ormrod, J.; Landrac, G.; Mallet, J.; Gilliot, J. -M.; Thepaut, A.; Tremenbert, P.

2006-01-01

207

Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

Renshaw, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

208

Development of Instructional Resource Guides for Competency-Based Education in Selected Industrial Arts Areas. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted in Virginia to develop a coordinated, articulated, competency-based curriculum for selected industrial arts areas from an identified common core of competencies. The competencies would include a set of performance objectives, a set of criterion-referenced measures, and a set of instructional resource guides in the…

Thomas Nelson Community Coll., Hampton, VA.

209

Requisite Competencies and Skills for E-Merchandisers: Developing an Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New career opportunities exist for family and consumer sciences (FCS)professionals as traditional formats for shopping service, and information transition to a virtual environment. The requisite competencies and skills necessary for effective online operations are identified. Interactions with industry personnel and supporting literature revealed…

Crutsinger, Christy; Forney, Judith C.; Brandon, Lynn; Jackson, Renee S.

2006-01-01

210

Competencies Development and Self-Assessment in Maintenance Management E-Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The maintenance management function requires staff to possess a truly multidisciplinary set of skills. This includes competencies from engineering and information technology to health and safety, management and finance, while also taking into account the normative and legislative issues. This body of knowledge is rarely readily available within a…

Papathanassiou, Nikos; Pistofidis, Petros; Emmanouilidis, Christos

2013-01-01

211

Developing Emotionally Competent Teachers: Emotional Intelligence and Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classrooms are emotional places, filled at different times with enjoyment, excitement, anger, hurt and boredom. The teacher's skill in working with emotional information and in regulating their own and their pupils' emotion impacts upon what and how pupils learn. But what emotional competence do teachers need? Can they learn this in pre-service…

Corcoran, Roisin P.; Tormey, Roland

2012-01-01

212

Development of an international interdisciplinary course: a strategy to promote cultural competence and collaboration.  

PubMed

Now, more than ever, nurses are practicing in settings in which cultural competence and teamwork are essential to providing quality care. The expectation that nurses provide effective care across varied population groups highlights the need for attainment of cultural competency by baccalaureate nursing graduates. Nursing programs must develop strategies to address this educational need. In this article, the authors share their experiences in the development of an international interdisciplinary course that combined academic service learning with cultural immersion to promote the development of cultural competence and collaboration among students. By developing an interdisciplinary course that is of interest to a wide range of students, faculty can be successful in providing an opportunity for students with varied career paths to be better prepared to live and work in the world's global community. PMID:22964472

Smit, Eileen M; Tremethick, Mary Jane

2013-03-01

213

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

214

Developing an Information Literacy Action Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to increase the benefits that the student receives from bibliographic instruction, many community college libraries are incorporating the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) into their BI programs. In order to take full advantage of the Competency

Johnson, Wendell G.

2009-01-01

215

The development of a family intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS) for psychosis.  

PubMed

Family intervention (FI) for psychosis has a robust evidence base. In recommending its use the revised NICE schizophrenia guideline states 'Healthcare professionals providing psychological interventions should have an appropriate level of competence'. Yet, no definitive instrument exists to outline what competences are required during and post FI training or help recruit staff with the appropriate knowledge and skill. This paper reports on the development of a Family Intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS). Using a systematic three-staged approach commonly used in health outcomes measurement development, a comprehensive literature review on UK-based FI training and commonly used assessment tools was undertaken. A FICARS draft was then constructed and revised in consultation with expert FI clinicians. Finally, a content validity study with FI trainers and students across three FI training programmes was undertaken to optimize FICARS aim to promote reflective assessment and professional development in FI skills and practice. PMID:23163778

Gamble, C; Sin, J; Kelly, M; O'Loughlin, D; Moone, N

2013-10-01

216

Developing a Diversity-Competent Workforce: The UA Libraries’ Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing and supporting a diverse workforce that reflects the communities we serve is a central value and a customer-based business decision of the University of Arizona (UA) Libraries. In response to data collected through climate surveys, the UA Libraries’ Diversity Committee has been systematically working to improve the organization's climate for diversity. One activity undertaken was the development and incorporation

Ricardo Andrade; Alexandra Rivera

2011-01-01

217

Competencies for psychology practice in primary care.  

PubMed

This article reports on the outcome of a presidential initiative of 2012 American Psychological Association President Suzanne Bennett Johnson to delineate competencies for primary care (PC) psychology in six broad domains: science, systems, professionalism, relationships, application, and education. Essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes are described for each PC psychology competency. Two behavioral examples are provided to illustrate each competency. Clinical vignettes demonstrate the competencies in action. Delineation of these competencies is intended to inform education, practice, and research in PC psychology and efforts to further develop team-based competencies in PC. PMID:24820690

McDaniel, Susan H; Grus, Catherine L; Cubic, Barbara A; Hunter, Christopher L; Kearney, Lisa K; Schuman, Catherine C; Karel, Michele J; Kessler, Rodger S; Larkin, Kevin T; McCutcheon, Stephen; Miller, Benjamin F; Nash, Justin; Qualls, Sara H; Connolly, Kathryn Sanders; Stancin, Terry; Stanton, Annette L; Sturm, Lynne A; Johnson, Suzanne Bennett

2014-01-01

218

The mindfulness-based relapse prevention adherence and competence scale: development, interrater reliability, and validity.  

PubMed

The present study describes the development of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention Adherence and Competence Scale (MBRP-AC), a measure of treatment integrity for mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP). MBRP is a newly developed treatment integrating core aspects of relapse prevention with mindfulness practices. The MBRP-AC was developed in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of MBRP efficacy and consists of two sections: Adherence (adherence to individual components of MBRP and discussion of key concepts) and Competence (ratings of therapist style/approach and performance). Audio recordings from 44 randomly selected group treatment sessions (50%) were rated by independent raters for therapist adherence and competence in the RCT. Findings evinced high interrater reliability for all treatment adherence and competence ratings, and adequate internal consistency for Therapist Style/Approach and Therapist Performance summary scales. Ratings on the MBRP-AC suggested that therapists in the recent RCT adhered to protocol, discussed key concepts in each session, and demonstrated the intended style and competence in treatment delivery. Finally, overall ratings on the Adherence section were positively related to changes in mindfulness over the course of the treatment. PMID:20204916

Chawla, Neharika; Collin, Susan; Bowen, Sarah; Hsu, Sharon; Grow, Joel; Douglass, Anne; Marlatt, G Alan

2010-07-01

219

GDF11 Controls the Timing of Progenitor Cell Competence in Developing Retina  

Microsoft Academic Search

The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation

Joon Kim; Hsiao-Huei Wu; Arthur D. Lander; Karen M. Lyons; Martin M. Matzuk; Anne L. Calof

2005-01-01

220

Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

2012-01-01

221

Competence for Children's Sake: Summary Report of a Research Project on the Child Development Associate Credential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes a research project on the Child Development Associate (CDA) assessment and credentialing system. The issues covered in the report fall under two general categories: validity (the ability of the CDA assessment/credential system to identify competent child care staff) and career development potential (the benefits of the CDA…

Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

222

Perceptions of Personal Agency and Infant Attachment: Toward a Life-Span Perspective on Competence Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sketches the outlines of a life-span perspective on competence development, which focuses on beliefs about one's potential for producing desirable outcomes. The concern is with the nature and implications of individual differences in perceptions of personal agency and likely origins and development of the perceptions in the early years. (Author/BB)

Ford, Martin E.; Thompson, Ross A.

1985-01-01

223

Self-Development of Competences for Social Inclusion Using the TENCompetence Infrastructure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a pilot study centred on the technology-enhanced self-development of competences in lifelong learning education carried out in the challenging context of the Association of Participants Agora. The pilot study shows that the use of the TENCompetence infrastructure, i.e. in this case the Personal Development Planner tool,…

Louys, Amelie; Hernandez-Leo, Davinia; Schoonenboom, Judith; Lemmers, Ruud; Perez-Sanagustin, Mar

2009-01-01

224

Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

2008-01-01

225

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

226

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

227

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

228

Use of Racial Identity Development Theory to Explore Cultural Competence among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to explore early childhood educators' cultural competence through a lens of racial identity development theory, a case study was conducted with four White Kindergarten teachers. Participants were surveyed and interviewed to understand their racial identity development as well as perspectives of teaching culturally diverse early childhood…

Han, Heejeong Sophia; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Thomas, M. Shelley

2011-01-01

229

Making Intercultural Communicative Competence and Identity-Development Visible for Assessment Purposes in Foreign Language Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an action research case study conducted at a university in Japan, which explored how student identity-development can be made visible in potentially assessable ways through materials design in intercultural communicative competence (ICC)-oriented foreign language education. It suggests that identity-development can be…

Houghton, Stephanie Ann

2013-01-01

230

Leadership Competencies for Academic Librarians: The Importance of Development and Fund-Raising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the need for effective leadership and identifying leadership competencies for academic librarians focuses on the areas of development and fundraising. Describes areas of expertise, experience, and skills associated with academic development positions in colleges and universities as a basis for identifying relevant leadership…

Winston, Mark D.; Dunkley, Lisa

2002-01-01

231

Phase I implementation of an academic medical record for integrating information management competencies into a nursing curriculum.  

PubMed

This paper is the report of the first phase of a case study from the University of Utah to help students and faculty integrate electronic information management into the nursing curriculum. Cerner AES, a live-production clinical information system with an academic overlay, has been implemented into the first semester of an undergraduate nursing program. A consortium of schools that use Cerner AES collaborate in the design and implementation of forms used by students. The consortium also allows members to share strategies for using the system. By using the system students are developing needed informatics competencies for beginning level nurses. The paper discusses the implementation strategies used and initial results of this project. Plans for expanding the project throughout the nursing curriculum are also presented. PMID:17911942

Gassert, Carole A; Sward, Katherine A

2007-01-01

232

GDF11 controls the timing of progenitor cell competence in developing retina.  

PubMed

The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation of progenitors-a major mode of GDF11 action in other tissues-but instead controls duration of expression of Math5, a gene that confers competence for RGC genesis, in progenitor cells. Thus, GDF11 governs the temporal windows during which multipotent progenitors retain competence to produce distinct neural progeny. PMID:15976303

Kim, Joon; Wu, Hsiao-Huei; Lander, Arthur D; Lyons, Karen M; Matzuk, Martin M; Calof, Anne L

2005-06-24

233

The Development and Validation of the Information Literacy Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Information Literacy Test (ILT) was developed to meet the need for a standardized instrument that measures student proficiency regarding the ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Edu- cation. The Web-based, multiple-choice ILT measures both lower- and higher-order skills. Evidence is presented that the ILT scores provide reliable and valid measures of information literacy. In addition, a rigorous standard

Lynn Cameron; Steven L. Wise

234

Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Park, M.S.

1998-12-01

235

Personal Development Planning: a different kind of competency  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade there has been an increasing recognition in the worlds of business and education that employees are their most important asset. Governments, too, throughout the industrialised world have begun to acknowledge the links between successful economic development in a competitive environment and a committed, flexible workforce. Initially, attempts to promote the efficiency and effectiveness centred upon job

Christopher Day

1994-01-01

236

Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

Eddy, Pamela L.

2013-01-01

237

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

238

Developing an Information Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

Hanson, Terry

2011-01-01

239

Obsessional phenomena and the development of imaginative competence.  

PubMed

Obsessional phenomena are discussed in the light of anxieties arising around the ages 8-12. Three cases of the disappearance of obsessional symptoms are then described. In one remarkable sequence of dreams preceded recovery; in another it was the establishment of a secure therapeutic bond; in the third it was falling in love. The capacity securely to differentiate between fantasy and reality is seen as an essential development element in the recovery from obsessionality. PMID:7104245

Holmes, J

1982-06-01

240

The Development of Emotional Competence. The Guilford Series on Social and Emotional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of emotional competence entails resilience, self-efficacy, and acting in accord with one's sense of moral character. This suggests argues that emotional competence is demonstrated by the self-efficacy in emotion-eliciting encounters and identifies eight key emotional skills that support its acquisition in interpersonal contexts. The…

Saarni, Carolyn

241

Development of a Core Competency Model for the Master of Public Health Degree  

PubMed Central

Core competencies have been used to redefine curricula across the major health professions in recent decades. In 2006, the Association of Schools of Public Health identified core competencies for the master of public health degree in graduate schools and programs of public health. We provide an overview of the model development process and a listing of 12 core domains and 119 competencies that can serve as a resource for faculty and students for enhancing the quality and accountability of graduate public health education and training. The primary vision for the initiative is the graduation of professionals who are more fully prepared for the many challenges and opportunities in public health in the forthcoming decade.

Calhoun, Judith G.; Ramiah, Kalpana; Weist, Elizabeth McGean; Shortell, Stephen M.

2008-01-01

242

Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

Ramson, Amy J.

2014-01-01

243

Teaching Faculty about Substance Abuse: Evaluating Clinical Competence and Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the evaluation of a faculty development program implemented to address the deficit in physicians' clinical and teaching competence regarding substance abuse. Participants in the university hospital program included faculty fellows from five departments. Annual, random chart audits assessed changes in rates of substance use documentation by residents supervised and not supervised by the fellows. Paired t tests

Antonnette V. Graham; Mary Altpeter; Stephanie Emmitt-Myers; Theodore V. Parran Jr; Stephen Zyzanski

1996-01-01

244

Development of Student Knowledge in Competence-Based Pre-Vocational Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the development of student knowledge in pre-vocational secondary education schools which differ in the manner and extent to which they have implemented characteristics of competence-based education. The implementation of these characteristics was examined using a teacher questionnaire and the…

Koopman, Maaike; Teune, Peter; Beijaard, Douwe

2011-01-01

245

Identification and Development of Competency-Based Curriculum for Water and Wastewater Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken at Kirkwood Community College to develop a full-time and part-time competency based program to educate water and wastewater treatment plant operators. First, a survey was conducted to identify the job tasks performed by the operators, their frequency, importance, and necessity. A questionnaire listing 651 tasks divided…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

246

Career Development Potential and Validity of a Competency Based Credential for Child Care Staff. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A credential called the Child Development Associate (CDA) was the focus of this study. Based on the competence of child care staff, it offers two benefits: it may be fair and accurate without resorting to impractical requirements of education and experience, and its recognition may benefit workers' careers. Credentialed and noncredentialed groups…

Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

247

Development of Measurability and Importance Scales for the NATA Athletic Training Educational Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed and validated an instrument designed to measure the perceived measurability and importance of the National Athletic Trainers' Association Athletic Training Educational Competencies. Data from 931 athletic trainers and sport medicine physicians support 6 constructs, each of which demonstrates high reliability. (SLD)

Wolfe, Edward W.; Nogle, Sally

2002-01-01

248

Perceived Personal and Social Competence: Development of Valid and Reliable Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, youth programming has shifted from risk reduction to youth development. While numerous instruments exist to measure selected individual characteristics/competencies among youth, a comprehensive instrument to measure four constructs of personal and social skills could not be identified. The purpose of this study was to…

Fetro, Joyce V.; Rhodes, Darson L.; Hey, David W.

2010-01-01

249

Moral Competence as a Key to Doctors' Professional Development - Empirical and Experimental Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professionals in the educational and health services -- like teachers, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and medical doctors -- are especially prone to encounter moral dilemmas in their everyday decision-making, and thus depend especially on the development of their judgment competence. They should neither rigidly apply their standards and values without regard for particular needs, nor should they be swayed totally

Georg Lind; Marcia Schillinger

250

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the college…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

251

"How Was Your Weekend?": Developing the Interactional Competence in Managing Routine Inquiries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the cross-cultural differences underlying interactional routines such as "How are you?" or "How was your weekend?", managing such routine inquiries can be problematic for second language learners. Based on data from an adult ESL (English as a second language) class, this conversation analytic study shows how learners develop their competence

Waring, Hansun Zhang

2013-01-01

252

Developing the Management Competencies for Getting a Competitive Position in the Organic Food Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although almost any conference tackles the issue of organic foods, we consider that this article does not fit into normal patterns of research. Our paper proposes a complex analysis in the field of organic food products. It also highlights the need of developing new competences of managers and marketers in analysing market for getting a competitive position on it. The

Marian NASTASE; Mirela STOIAN; Raluca Andreea ION

2011-01-01

253

Promoting an "Active Start" for Young Children: Developing Competent and Confident Early Movers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With childhood obesity and physical inactivity at an all-time high, parents and physical educators alike must look to the early years to promote competent and confident young movers. Popular opinion believes that children are naturally active and motor skill development progresses as a normal function of getting older. However, if one looks at…

Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Wall, Sarah; Getchell, Nancy

2009-01-01

254

Motivational Climate, Motor-Skill Development, and Perceived Competence: Two Studies of Developmentally Delayed Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to examine the effects of motivational climate on motor-skill development and perceived physical competence in kindergarten children with developmental delays. In Experiment 1, two intervention groups were exposed to environments with either high (mastery climate) or low autonomy for 12 weeks. Results showed that the…

Valentini, Nadia; Rudisill, Mary E.

2004-01-01

255

A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2009-01-01

256

Development of Communicative Competence in Inuit Children: Implications for Speech-Language Pathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes ethnographic research whose purpose was to document the development of communicative competence in four young Inuit children by studying the role of cultural context in the cammunicative interaction of these children and their caregivers. In doing so, the study looked at Inuit children's communicative interactions in the situational context of their everyday lives. Results show that caregiuer

Martha B. Crago

1990-01-01

257

Perception of Competence in Middle School Physical Education: Instrument Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A…

Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

2010-01-01

258

Developing Competency Based Teacher Education Resource Modules in Individualizing Instruction and Treatment of Special Reading Difficulties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were (1) to develop and evaluate resource modules in the areas of treating reading difficulties and individualizing instruction to be used in a competency based teacher education program in reading and (2) to determine whether an instructional portion of the reading difficulties module could effectively be implemented in…

Stieglitz, Ezra Louis

259

A Comprehensive Competence-Based Approach in Curriculum Development: Experiences from African and European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned. Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the limits…

Parent, F.; Baulana, R.; Kahombo, G.; Coppieters, Y.; Garant, M.; De Ketele, J.-M.

2011-01-01

260

Developing Conversational Competence through Language Awareness and Multimodality: The Use of DVDs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument for a pedagogy of input oriented learning for the development of speaking competence (Sharwood-Smith, 1986; Bardovi-Harlig and Salsbury, 2004; Eslami-Rasekh, 2005) has been of increasing interest in Applied Linguistics circles. It has also been argued that multimedia applications, in particular DVDs, provide language learners with…

Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Perez

2009-01-01

261

Kentucky's Early Childhood Professional Development Initiative to Promote Social-Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Kentucky Initiative for Social Skill and Emotional Development which provides annual training and technical assistance to build early childhood programs' capacity to deliver practices known to promote social and emotional competency. The initiative is based on the 3-tiered Positive Behavior Support model that teaches…

McLaren, Elizabeth M.; Hall, Phyllis J.; Fox, Pamela

2009-01-01

262

Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

2013-01-01

263

Supporting the Development of Emotional Intelligence Competencies to Ease the Transition from Primary to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore (1) whether pupils with high emotional intelligence (EI) cope better with the transition to high school; and (2) whether the introduction of an intervention programme to support the development of EI competencies can increase EI and self-worth, and so ease the negative effects of transition. Results suggest that pupils…

Qualter, P.; Whiteley, H. E.; Hutchinson, J. M.; Pope, D. J.

2007-01-01

264

Instruction and Developing Second Language Pragmatic Competence: An Investigation into the Efficacy of Output  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of output in the context of instruction on developing second language (L2) pragmatic competence. The study focused on the ways in which opportunities for output raise adult ESL learners’ awareness of pragmalinguistic forms, thus facilitating the acquisition of those forms. The setting of the study was an intensive

Justin Edward Jernigan

2007-01-01

265

Opinions of Primary School Science and Technology Teachers about Developing Students' Affective Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to determine the primary school secondary level science and technology teachers' opinions about developing students' affective competence. It was designed as a case study with qualitative research method. The participants of the study consisted of 19 science and technology teachers with at least five years of experience,…

Eristi, Bahadir; Tunca, Nihal

2012-01-01

266

Evolution of Competence Concept in Lithuania: From VET Reform to Development of National Qualifications System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to explore the development of the concept of competence in Lithuania beginning from the period of transition from the Soviet planned economy and post-totalitarian regime to the market economy and democratic society and ending with the designing and implementation of the National Qualifications System and Qualifications…

Lauzackas, Rimantas; Tutlys, Vidmantas; Spudyte, Irma

2009-01-01

267

Potentials of Social Networks for Knowledge Management with Regard to the Development of Stable Competences and Dynamic Capabilities--Conceptualization and Case Study Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to balance the tensions of the concepts of organizational core competencies and dynamic capability we introduce social knowledge networks as a strategic means from a knowledge management perspective. A facilitator for the development of the respective framework is the precise distinction between explicit and non-explicit knowledge. Social knowledge networks are informal with regard to their very character but

Harald F. O. Von Kortzfleisch; Ines Mergel; Christian Proll

2007-01-01

268

MultiLevel Complexities in Technological Development: Competing Strategies for Drug Discovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Drug development regularly has to deal with complex circumstances on two levels: the local level of pharmacological intervention\\u000a on specific target proteins, and the systems level of the effects of pharmacological intervention on the organism. Different\\u000a development strategies in the recent history of early drug development can be understood as competing attempts at coming to\\u000a grips with these multi-level complexities.

Matthias Adam

269

Improving caregiving competence, stress coping, and mental well-being in informal dementia carers  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study the effectiveness of Reitman Centre “Coaching, Advocacy, Respite, Education, Relationship, and Simulation” (CARERS) program, which uses problem-solving techniques and simulation to train informal dementia carers. METHODS: Seventy-three carers for family members with dementia were included in the pilot study. Pre- and post-intervention data were collected from carers using validated measures of depression, mastery, role captivity and overload, caregiving competence and burden, and coping styles. To assess program effectiveness, mean differences for these measures were calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to determine if change in scores is dependent on the respective baseline scores. Clinical effects for measures were expressed as Cohen’s D values. RESULTS: Data from 73 carers were analyzed. The majority of these participants were female (79.5%). A total of 69.9% were spouses and 30.1% were children of the care recipient. Participants had an overall mean age of 68.34 ± 12.01 years. About 31.5% of participating carers had a past history of psychiatric illness (e.g., depression), and 34.2% sustained strained relationships with their respective care recipients. Results from carers demonstrated improvement in carers’ self-perception of competence (1.26 ± 1.92, P < 0.0001), and significant reduction in emotion-focused coping (measured by the Coping Inventory of Stressful Situations, -2.37 ± 6.73, P < 0.01), Geriatric Depression scale (-0.67 ± 2.63, P < 0.05) and Pearlin’s overload scale (-0.55 ± 2.07, P < 0.05), upon completion of the Program. Secondly, it was found that carers with more compromised baseline scores benefited most from the intervention, as they experienced statistically significant improvement in the following constructs: competence, stress-coping style (less emotion-oriented), sense of mastery, burden, overload. CONCLUSION: Study results supported the effectiveness of the CARERS Program in improving caregiving competence, stress coping ability and mental well-being in carers caring for family members with dementia.

Chiu, Mary; Wesson, Virginia; Sadavoy, Joel

2013-01-01

270

Adjudicative Competence  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Although the basic standards of adjudicative competence were specified by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1960, there remain a number of complex conceptual and practical issues in interpreting and applying these standards. In this report we provide a brief overview regarding the general concept of adjudicative competence and its assessment, as well as some highlights of recent empirical studies on this topic. Findings Most adjudicative competence assessments are conducted by psychiatrists or psychologists. There are no universal certification requirements, but some states are moving toward required certification of forensic expertise for those conducting such assessments. Recent data indicate inconsistencies in application of the existing standards even among forensic experts, but the recent publication of consensus guidelines may foster improvements in this arena. There are also ongoing efforts to develop and validate structured instruments to aid competency evaluations. Telemedicine-based competency interviews may facilitate evaluation by those with specific expertise for evaluation of complex cases. There is also interest in empirical development of educational methods to enhance adjudicative competence. Summary Adjudicative competence may be difficult to measure accurately, but the assessments and tools available are advancing. More research is needed on methods of enhancing decisional capacity among those with impaired competence.

Dawes, Sharron E.; Palmer, Barton W.; Jeste, Dilip V.

2008-01-01

271

`Learning Experience' Provided by Science Teaching Practice in a Classroom and the Development of Students' Competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the literature, there is a very important corpus of knowledge that allows for the investigation of some dimensions of `learning experience' provided to students, in relation to epistemic, pedagogical and meta-cognitive practices. However, in the literature, there is little investigation into the invariance (or not) of the characteristics of students' learning experience while being taught a scientific subject by the same teacher. This paper suggests that the relationship between the learning experience provided and the competences developed is not properly highlighted. This paper analyses the learning experience provided to students in epistemic, pedagogical and meta-cognitive terms. The students were taught the proprieties and applications of light by one teacher, in three classes, over 7 weeks. We analysed the data in each referred learning experience, using a pre-defined category system. The students' competences were evaluated by a competence test. The epistemic demand of each item and the students' performances were also analysed. Our findings point to the non invariance of learning experiences provided to students and the influence of some dimensions of learning experiences provided in the development of certain competences. These findings and their implications are contextualized and discussed.

Lopes, J. Bernardino; Branco, Julia; Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria Pilar

2011-11-01

272

The Effects of Competency Based Career Development and Performance Management Practices on Service Quality: Some Evidence From Malaysian Public Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a study of the effects of the implementation of two competency based human resource practices (career development and performance management) on service quality in 300 Malaysian public organizations. Results provide clear evidence of significant and positive relationship between competency based career development practice and all service quality dimensions found in Malaysian public organizations. However, there is

Ilhaamie Abdul Ghani Azmi; Zainal Ariffin Ahmad

273

Competence-Based Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution aims at informing readers about a current education and training design approach which is based on theory building and practical experience. It is about the development of comprehensive competence-based education, which is different from earlier attempts to develop competence-based education. In many education development

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

274

A Project to Develop a Methodology to Establish Standards of Job Performance and Continuing Education Opportunities for Maintaining Competency of Occupational Therapists. AOTA Continuing Competency Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to develop a methodology to establish standards of job performance and continuing education opportunities for maintaining competency of occupational therapists. The report contents include (1) Statement of the Problem (The Need for Re-Certification, Problems in the Design of the Re-Certification Program, and the…

Gray, Madelaine S.

275

Development and evaluation of a web-based breast cancer cultural competency course for primary healthcare providers  

PubMed Central

Background To develop and evaluate a continuing medical education (CME) course aimed at improving healthcare provider knowledge about breast cancer health disparities and the importance of cross-cultural communication in provider-patient interactions about breast cancer screening. Methods An interactive web-based CME course was developed and contained information about breast cancer disparities, the role of culture in healthcare decision making, and demonstrated a model of cross-cultural communication. A single group pre-/post-test design was used to assess knowledge changes. Data on user satisfaction was also collected. Results In all, 132 participants registered for the CME with 103 completing both assessments. Differences between pre-/post-test show a significant increase in knowledge (70% vs. 94%; p < .001). Ninety-five percent of participants agreed that the web based training was an appropriate tool to train healthcare providers about cultural competency and health disparities. Conclusion There was an overall high level of satisfaction among all users. Users felt that learning objectives were met and the web-based format was appropriate and easy to use and suggests that web-based CME formats are an appropriate tool to teach cultural competency skills. However, more information is needed to understand how the CME impacted practice behaviors.

2011-01-01

276

Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum.

2012-01-01

277

Developing a culturally competent health network: a planning framework and guide.  

PubMed

The number of cultural competency initiatives in healthcare is increasing due to many factors, including changing demographics, quality improvement and regulatory requirements, equitable care missions, and accreditation standards. To facilitate organization-wide transformation, a hospital or healthcare system must establish strategic goals, objectives, and implementation tasks for culturally competent provision of care. This article reports the largely successful results of a cultural competency program instituted at a large system in eastern Pennsylvania. Prior to the development of its cultural competency initiative, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, Pennsylvania, saw isolated activities producing innovative solutions to diversity and culture issues in the provision of equitable care. But it took a transformational event to support an organization-wide program in cultural competency by strengthening leadership buy-in and providing a sense of urgency, excitement, and shared vision among multiple stakeholders. A multidisciplinary task force, including senior leaders and a diverse group of employees, was created with the authority and responsibility to enact changes. Through a well-organized strategic planning process, existing patient and community demographic data were reviewed to describe existing disparities, a baseline assessment was completed, a mission statement was created, and clear metrics were developed. The strategic plan, which focused on five key areas (demographics, language-appropriate services, employees, training, and education/communication), was approved by the network's chief executive officer and senior managers to demonstrate commitment prior to implementation. Strategic plan implementation proceeded through a project structure consisting of subproject teams charged with achieving the following specific objectives: develop a cultural material repository, enhance employee recruitment/retention, establish a baseline assessment, standardize data collection, provide language-appropriate services, and develop an education program. Change management and project management methodologies; defined roles and responsibilities; and specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound goals were used in the implementation. This process has supported organizational change, thereby promoting high-quality, safe, and equitable care through widespread expectations of culturally competent care delivery across the entire network. Using this "ecologic approach" will ensure long-term success. PMID:20565035

Gertner, Eric J; Sabino, Judith N; Mahady, Erica; Deitrich, Lynn M; Patton, Jarret R; Grim, Mary Kay; Geiger, James F; Salas-Lopez, Debbie

2010-01-01

278

Nurse Faculty Enrichment and Competency Development in Oral-Systemic Health  

PubMed Central

Nurses are positioned to play a significant role in oral health promotion and disease prevention across the life cycle. Oral health has not been a high priority in nursing practice, and educating nurses about oral health has been inadequate particularly regarding the interrelationship between oral health and overall health. The first step for developing a nursing workforce with core competencies in oral health promotion and disease prevention is to prepare nurse faculty with the requisite knowledge, skills, attitudes, and best practices in oral-systemic health. The purpose of this paper is to present Smiles for Life: A National Oral Health Curriculum as a knowledge framework that nurse faculty can use for faculty enrichment and competency development in oral health across the life cycle. A variety of teaching-learning strategies and resources are provided to assist nurse faculty with integrating oral-systemic health into existing nursing curricula.

Dolce, Maria C.

2012-01-01

279

Familiarity and competence diversity in new product development teams: Effects on new product performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

When developing new products, most firms use cross-functional teams, but research on the effect of functional diversity on\\u000a new product performance returns heterogeneous results. We propose a measure of competence diversity that is more comprehensive\\u000a than the common functional diversity proxy. Empirical findings, based on a survey of 142 product and sales managers, support\\u000a the improved predictive validity of our

Christophe Haon; David Gotteland; Marianela Fornerino

2009-01-01

280

Developing a Tool for Measuring the Decision-Making Competence of Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors evaluated the reliability and validity of a tool for measuring older adults' decision-making competence (DMC). A sample of 205 younger adults (25–45 years), 208 young-older adults (65–74 years), and 198 old-older adults (75–97 years) made judgments and decisions related to health, finance, and nutrition. Reliable indices of comprehension, dimension weighting, and cognitive reflection were developed. Comparison of the

Melissa L. Finucane; Christina M. Gullion

2010-01-01

281

Assessment and Development of Competency of Clinical Engineering Practitioners - South East Asian Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Clinical Engineering was relatively unknown and remained an obscure engineering discipline in South East Asian countries until\\u000a the 1990s. Typically for most healthcare institutions, the management of medical equipment within the hospital environment\\u000a mainly focused on reactive breakdown maintenance management. Hospitals were unable to develop in-house clinical engineering\\u000a capabilities, since there was a severe shortage of skilled and competent technical

Ashok V. Shah; Azman Hamid

282

Development of Competency-Based Articulated Automotive Program. Big Bend Community College and Area High Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based automotive mechanics curriculum was developed at Big Bend Community College (Washington) in order to provide the basis for an advanced placement procedure for high school graduates and experienced adults through a competency assessment. In order to create the curriculum, Big Bend Community College automotive mechanics…

Buche, Fred; Cox, Charles

283

Do High-Flyer Programmes Facilitate Organizational Learning? From Individual Skills Building to Development of Organizational Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"High flyer" or "fast-track" approaches are mainly instrumental for individual career development. A management development approach that emphasizes the match between personal growth and organizational learning contributes more directly to organizational competence, learning, and change. (SK)

Larsen, Henrik Holt

1997-01-01

284

Development and validation of the ACE tool: assessing medical trainees' competency in evidence based medicine  

PubMed Central

Background While a variety of instruments have been developed to assess knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine (EBM), few assess all aspects of EBM - including knowledge, skills attitudes and behaviour - or have been psychometrically evaluated. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument that evaluates medical trainees’ competency in EBM across knowledge, skills and attitude. Methods The ‘Assessing Competency in EBM’ (ACE) tool was developed by the authors, with content and face validity assessed by expert opinion. A cross-sectional sample of 342 medical trainees representing ‘novice’, ‘intermediate’ and ‘advanced’ EBM trainees were recruited to complete the ACE tool. Construct validity, item difficulty, internal reliability and item discrimination were analysed. Results We recruited 98 EBM-novice, 108 EBM-intermediate and 136 EBM-advanced participants. A statistically significant difference in the total ACE score was observed and corresponded to the level of training: on a 0-15-point test, the mean ACE scores were 8.6 for EBM-novice; 9.5 for EBM-intermediate; and 10.4 for EBM-advanced (p?competency in EBM. The ACE tool provides a novel assessment that measures user performance across the four main steps of EBM. To provide a complete suite of instruments to assess EBM competency across various patient scenarios, future refinement of the ACE instrument should include further scenarios across harm, diagnosis and prognosis.

2014-01-01

285

Neuromuscular medicine competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method of development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project endeavored to create an educational module including methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in the evaluation and appropriate treatment of patients with neuromuscular disorders. It further sought to verify acquired competencies in neuromuscular rehabilitation through objective evaluation methodology. An American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine board-certified physician with 10 yrs of clinical experience in neuromuscular and general rehabilitation trained 19 residents using a standardized competency-based module. The residents were trained through clinical training, lectures, and review of self-assessment examination concepts from the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation syllabus provided in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. After delivery of the educational module, knowledge acquisition and skill proficiency were measured in (1) completion of neuromuscular history and physical examination satisfactorily, (2) diagnosis and ability to design a patient care management plan via chart stimulated recall examinations, (3) physician-patient interaction via patient surveys, (4) physician-staff interaction via 360-degree global ratings, and (5) ability to write a comprehensive patient care report and to document a patient care management plan in accordance with Medicare guidelines via written patient reports. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. To test the success of the standardized educational module, data were collected on an ongoing basis. The objective measures compared resident self-assessment examination scores in neuromuscular rehabilitation before and after the institution of the comprehensive neuromuscular competency module in the residency program. Nineteen (100%) of 19 residents successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module by the end of the postgraduate year 2 inpatient neuromuscular rehabilitation rotation. Furthermore, the residents' proficiency, as demonstrated by the evaluation after the implementation of the standardized educational module, positively correlated with an increase in the residents' self-assessment examination scores in neuromuscular rehabilitation compared with the residents' scores before the educational module implementation throughout all 3 yrs of training. Resident proficiency in the skills and knowledge pertaining to neuromuscular rehabilitation were objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tool is evidenced by the collected data correlating with significantly improved self-assessment examination scores, as outlined in the "RESULTS" section. In addition, the clinical development tool was validated by the residents being individually observed performing history and physical examinations and being deemed competent by the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine board-certified physical medicine and rehabilitation physician. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical training area of neuromuscular rehabilitation. PMID:23128327

Lin, Lei; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Innerfield, Caitlin E; Strax, Thomas E; Petagna, Anne

2013-03-01

286

Evidence-based investigation of safety management competency, occupational risks and physical injuries in the Thai informal sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigation was based on a matching between enterprises and workers. The purposes do not only aim to map the profiles of Thai informal sectors' safety management competency, occupational risks and physical injuries encountered, but also aim to investigate the significant factors predicting enterprises' business success and home workers' occupational injuries. 979 handicraft home workers and 281 small-scale handicraft enterprises

Jiraporn Tangkittipaporn; Noppakhun Tangkittipaporn

2006-01-01

287

Individual Participation in Organizational Information Commons: The Impact of Team Level Social Influence and Technology-Specific Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research extended earlier public goods research on individual incentives to use an organizational information commons that was based in Marwell and Oliver's (1993) collective action model. A revised theoretical model that incorporated team-level social influence and technology-specific competence was proposed. The model was tested using…

Yuan, Yu; Fulk, Janet; Shumate, Michelle; Monge, Peter R.; Bryant, J. Alison; Matsaganis, Matthew

2005-01-01

288

A hierarchical competing systems model of the emergence and early development of executive function  

PubMed Central

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function – the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior – in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a developmentally invariant habit system and a conscious representational system that becomes increasingly influential as children develop. This article describes a computational formalization of the HCSM, reviews behavioral and computational research consistent with the model, and suggests directions for future research on the development of executive function.

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2010-01-01

289

Identification and the development of competence: a 44-year longitudinal study from late adolescence to late middle age.  

PubMed

The role of defense mechanisms in the development of planful competence (J. A. Clausen, 1993) was studied over a period of 44 years in participants from the Oakland Growth Study, who are part of the Intergenerational Studies of the Institute of Human Development. Planful competence was assessed on 4 occasions, from late adolescence (ages 15-18) to late middle age (age 62). The use of the defense mechanisms of denial, projection, and identification was assessed in late adolescence, based on Thematic Apperception Test (H. A. Murray, 1943) stories coded with the Defense Mechanism Manual (P. Cramer, 1991b). In late adolescence, the defense mechanism of identification was found to be positively related to competence, whereas the less mature defense of projection was related to lower levels of competence. For the group as a whole, hierarchical linear modeling (Bryk & Raudenbush, 1992) indicated that competence increased across the adult years, with a modest decline at late middle age. Individual differences for intraindividual change in competence were related to the use of identification: high use of identification in late adolescence was associated with relative stability in adult competence, whereas low use of identification in adolescence predicted changes in adult competence. PMID:18573014

Cramer, Phebe

2008-06-01

290

Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning has become a significant aspect of training and education in the worldwide information economy as an attempt to create and facilitate a competent global work force. "Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy" provides eclectic accounts of case studies in…

Olaniran, Bolanle A., Ed.

2010-01-01

291

Information Security and System Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Due to globalization, stronger competition, increased complexity, information explosion, interconnection and exten-sive use\\u000a of IT data and information management are main performance driver and key differentiator for sustainable or-ganization success.\\u000a Long time organizations had developed IT systems regarding overall access rights. Due to stronger re-quirements of data protection\\u000a code and increased requirements for data integrity, availability and confidentiality information security

Margareth Stoll; Dietmar Laner

2008-01-01

292

RNA secondary structure regulates the translation of sxy and competence development in Haemophilus influenzae  

PubMed Central

The sxy (tfoX) gene product is the central regulator of DNA uptake by naturally competent ?-proteobacteria such as Haemophilus influenzae, Vibrio cholerae and probably Escherichia coli. However, the mechanisms regulating sxy gene expression are not understood despite being key to understanding the physiological role of DNA uptake. We have isolated mutations in H. influenzae sxy that greatly elevate translation and thus cause competence to develop in otherwise non-inducing conditions (hypercompetence). In vitro nuclease analysis confirmed the existence of an extensive secondary structure at the 5? end of sxy mRNA that sequesters the ribosome-binding site and start codon in a stem-loop. All of the hypercompetence mutations reduced mRNA base pairing, and one was shown to cause a global destabilization that increased translational efficiency. Conversely, mutations engineered to add mRNA base pairs strengthened the secondary structure, resulting in reduced translational efficiency and greatly reduced competence for genetic transformation. Transfer of wild-type cells to starvation medium improved translational efficiency of sxy while independently triggering the sugar starvation regulator (CRP) to stimulate transcription at the sxy promoter. Thus, mRNA secondary structure is responsive to conditions where DNA uptake will be favorable, and transcription of sxy is simultaneously enhanced if CRP activation signals that energy supplies are limited.

Cameron, Andrew D.S.; Volar, Milica; Bannister, Laura A.; Redfield, Rosemary J.

2008-01-01

293

Do we develop public health leaders?- association between public health competencies and emotional intelligence: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Professional development of public health leaders requires a form of instruction which is competency-based to help them develop the abilities to address complex and evolving demands of health care systems. Concurrently, emotional intelligence (EI) is a key to organisational success. Our aim was twofold: i) to assess the relationship between the level of self-assessed public health and EI competencies among Master of European Public Health (MEPH) students and graduates at Maastricht University, and; ii) to determine the relationship between different groups of public health competencies and specific EI skills. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted including all recent MEPH graduates and students from 2009–2012, out of 67 eligible candidates N?=?51 were contacted and N?=?33 responded (11 males and 22 females; overall response: 64.7%).Two validated tools were employed: i) public health competencies self-assessment questionnaire, and; ii) Assessing Emotions Scale. Results Females scored higher than males in all seven domains of the self-assessed key public health competencies (NS) and emotional intelligence competences (P?=?0.022). Overall, the mean value of public health competencies was the lowest in students with “staff” preferences and the highest among students with mixed job preferences (P?competencies and the overall emotional intelligence competencies (r?=?0.61, P?competencies and EI attributes. It can contribute to the improvement of the educational content of PH curricula by rising awareness through self-assessment and supporting the identification of further educational needs related to leadership.

2014-01-01

294

Competencies in HRD. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium is comprised of three papers on competencies in human resource development (HRD). "The Development of a Competency Model and Assessment Instrument for Public Sector Leadership and Management Development" (Sharon S. Naquin, Elwood F. Holton III) reports on a streamlined methodology and process used to develop a competency model for…

2002

295

Affective judgement about information relating to competence and warmth: An embodied perspective.  

PubMed

Several studies have shown that social judgement may be defined by two dimensions, competence and warmth. From a functional perspective, embodied theories have proposed that warmth may be associated with physical distance, whereas competence may be connected to a vertical motion (UPWARD/DOWNWARD). Two main studies were conducted to examine if approach-avoidance and vertical motion could influence affective judgements about traits representing these two social dimensions. Valence judgements about warmth traits that were moving towards the subject resulted in more positive judgement than when they were moving away (approach/avoidance). Furthermore, competence traits were judged more positively when they moved in an UPWARD direction, compared with when they moved DOWNWARD. A metacognitive account of confidence is offered to explain how cognitions about warmth and competence are connected to the physical world. PMID:23577960

Freddi, Sébastien; Tessier, Marie; Lacrampe, Rémy; Dru, Vincent

2014-06-01

296

Regulation of Streptococcus pneumoniae clp Genes and Their Role in Competence Development and Stress Survival  

PubMed Central

In vitro mariner transposon mutagenesis of Streptococcus pneumoniae chromosomal DNA was used to isolate regulatory mutants affecting expression of the comCDE operon, encoding the peptide quorum-sensing two-component signal transduction system controlling competence development. A transposon insertion leading to increased comC expression was found to lie directly upstream from the S. pneumoniae clpP gene, encoding the proteolytic subunit of the Clp ATP-dependent protease, whose expression in Bacillus subtilis is controlled by the CtsR repressor. In order to examine clp gene regulation in S. pneumoniae, a detailed analysis of the complete genome sequence was performed, indicating that there are five likely CtsR-binding sites located upstream from the clpE, clpP, and clpL genes and the ctsR-clpC and groESL operons. The S. pneumoniae ctsR gene was cloned under the control of an inducible promoter and used to demonstrate regulation of the S. pneumoniae clpP and clpE genes and the clpC and groESL operons by using B. subtilis as a heterologous host. The CtsR protein of S. pneumoniae was purified and shown to bind specifically to the clpP, clpC, clpE, and groESL regulatory regions. S. pneumoniae ?ctsR, ?clpP, ?clpC, and ?clpE mutants were constructed by gene deletion/replacement. ClpP was shown to act as a negative regulator, preventing competence gene expression under inappropriate conditions. Phenotypic analyses also indicated that ClpP and ClpE are both required for thermotolerance. Contrary to a previous report, we found that ClpC does not play a major role in competence development, autolysis, pneumolysin production, or growth at high temperature of S. pneumoniae.

Chastanet, Arnaud; Prudhomme, Marc; Claverys, Jean-Pierre; Msadek, Tarek

2001-01-01

297

Competencies: A New Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

2002-01-01

298

PaCBTE Handbook; A Resource for Developing Competency Based Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook reports on some experiences with competency-based teacher education (CBTE) and is designed to serve as an instrument for self-examination and change. Chapter 1 presents 22 generic teaching competencies, which are a result of a reexamination of the 1973 Interim Inventory of 66 Generic Teaching Competencies (Generic 66). Chapter 2…

Craig, Sam B., Jr., Ed.

299

Effects of larval rearing temperature on immature development and West Nile virus vector competence of Culex tarsalis  

PubMed Central

Background Temperature is known to induce changes in mosquito physiology, development, ecology, and in some species, vector competence for arboviruses. Since colonized mosquitoes are reared under laboratory conditions that can be significantly different from their field counterparts, laboratory vector competence experiments may not accurately reflect natural vector-virus interactions. Methods We evaluated the effects of larval rearing temperature on immature development parameters and vector competence of two Culex tarsalis strains for West Nile virus (WNV). Results Rearing temperature had a significant effect on mosquito developmental parameters, including shorter time to pupation and emergence and smaller female body size as temperature increased. However, infection, dissemination, and transmission rates for WNV at 5, 7, and 14 days post infectious feeding were not consistently affected. Conclusions These results suggest that varying constant larval rearing temperature does not significantly affect laboratory estimates of vector competence for WNV in Culex tarsalis mosquitoes.

2012-01-01

300

Plan for Your Professional Development. Module LT-E-3 of Category E--Professional and Staff Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of professional and staff development. The purpose of the module is to help administrators to analyze their professional needs and to devise and implement…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

301

Social Information-Processing Skills Training to Promote Social Competence and Prevent Aggressive Behavior in the Third Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a school-based study designed to promote social competence and reduce aggressive behavior by strengthening children's skills in processing social information and regulating emotions. Three successive cohorts of 3rd graders (N = 548) from 2 schools participated. In 2000–2001, children received a routine health curriculum; in 2001–2002, students received the Making Choices: Social Problem Solving Skills for Children

Mark W. Fraser; Maeda J. Galinsky; Paul R. Smokowski; Steven H. Day; Mary A. Terzian; Roderick A. Rose; Shenyang Guo

2005-01-01

302

From Research to Practice: Developing and Delivering a Culturally Competent Trauma Curriculum for Child Welfare Practitioners After 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the experiences of social work scholar-practitioners who developed and delivered a culturally competent trauma curriculum to child welfare practitioners in New York City in the aftermath of the World Trade Center terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. It explores the challenges in teaching practitioners culturally competent, evidence-based practice in general and trauma-related content in particular, offering orienting

Roni Berger; Patricia A. Joyce

2010-01-01

303

A Cooperative Program for Developing a Competency-Based Elementary Teacher Preparation Module in Science Education by University and School Personnel. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study designed to develop, evaluate, and revise competency-based materials in science methods education for elementary school teachers. Data were collected and analyzed relative to four questions: What are the outcomes of competency-based instruction in science at Central Michigan University? Do competency-based teacher education…

Oana, Robert G.; Eiszler, Charles F.

304

Overcoming Barriers for eLearning in Universities--Portfolio Models for eCompetence Development of Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the role that eCompetence of faculty members play in the integration of eLearning in higher education. Learning technologies have the potential to enhance educational innovation, but the eLearning adoption rate of faculty in universities is so far disappointing. The motivation and capability of faculty to use information and…

Schneckenberg, Dirk

2010-01-01

305

Developing Competencies in the Entrepreneurial Small Firm for Use of the Internet in the Management of Customer Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an adoption model depicting levels of awareness and value regarding the Internet, interviews with 25 entrepreneurs found the predominant reason for Internet adoption was information gathering and provision. Only one used it as a customer relations tool. Key competencies to enhance Internet use were identified. (Contains 56 references.) (SK)

McGowan, Pauric; Durkin, Mark G.; Allen, Lynsey; Dougan, Colette; Nixon, Sheena

2001-01-01

306

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically…

McKown, Clark; Gumbiner, Laura M.; Russo, Nicole M.; Lipton, Meryl

2009-01-01

307

The MacArthur adjudicative competence study: development and validation of a research instrument.  

PubMed

Assessment of competence to stand trial is a common evaluation that can have substantial consequences for defendants and the criminal justice system. Despite a voluminous literature, much remains unknown. An obstacle to progress in understanding what is better termed "adjudicative competence" is the absence of structured, standardized research measures for assessment of defendants. This article presents the legal framework, assessment strategy, instrument description, psychometric properties, and construct validation of the MacArthur Structured Assessment of the Competencies of Criminal Defendants (MacSAC-CD). The measures meet or exceed accepted indices of internal consistency, and interscorer agreement. Observed patterns of correlations among measures support the underlying theoretical structure of competence-related abilities. Moreover, the MacSAC-CD distinguishes groups of competent and incompetent defendants; reflects changes in competence status; and correlates positively with clinical judgments, negatively with psychopathology and impaired cognitive functioning, and negligibly with cynicism toward the justice system. PMID:9146101

Hoge, S K; Bonnie, R J; Poythress, N; Monahan, J; Eisenberg, M; Feucht-Haviar, T

1997-04-01

308

Establishing Information Services in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The information needs of developing countries engaged in the process of industrilization are indicated, and some practical suggestions offered for developing a national industrial information center. (MBR)

Chander, J.; Scott, R.

1978-01-01

309

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan; Medir, Magda; Ozgen, Sibel; Witt, Hans-Joerg

2011-08-31

310

Development of a Japanese version of the emotional skills and competence questionnaire.  

PubMed

The present study described development of a Japanese version of the Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire and examined the relations of scores with those on Big Five scales of personality and self-esteem scales. The participants were 615 undergraduates. Factor analysis led to the shortened version of 24 items in three subscales. Although Cronbach alphas were low for the subscale, Manage and Regulate Emotion, values were satisfactory for the other two subscales, Express and Label Emotion and Perceive and Understand Emotion. Total scores of this version were positively correlated with score for self-esteem, Extraversion, and Openness but negatively correlated with scores on Neuroticism. This shorter Japanese versions shows suitable internal consistency and content validity, but other reliabilities and validities must be examined precisely. PMID:18065068

Toyota, Hiroshi; Morita, Taisuke; Taksic, Vladimir

2007-10-01

311

The development of a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for BSN graduates.  

PubMed

Under the current nursing education system in Taiwan, a fair and objective evaluation of group health teaching competency has been lacking for a long time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for baccalaureate graduates. Action research was the main research methodology used in this study. The research consisted of two phases. In the first phase, a development committee was established. Based on routine discussions, literature reviews and realistic cases, a draft examination model with quasi-clinical situation model content and procedure was developed. Examination Facility Preparations, Simulated Scenarios and Client Recruitments, Examination Result Evaluation (evaluated by teachers) and Learning Guidelines were also prepared. This draft was reviewed twice for expert opinion, a pilot test was done and both the draft and pilot testing were reviewed again before the draft was finalized. The second phase involved refining the examination model by actually practicing the completed draft examination model in a simulated group-teaching setting in order to examine the model's reliability and validity. Fifteen people were involved in this experiment: three nursing personnel each having at least two years' clinical and teaching experience; three nursing students who did not have actual clinical experience and had not taken the course of teaching principles; three senior teachers; and six virtual patients. The responses from the nursing personnel, nursing students, teachers, and virtual patients who participated in the testing were gathered and integrated to refine the model. The model has content, expert and discriminative validity. The reliability of the model was proven by the high consistency in administration and scoring of the model by clinical examiners. This examination model is not only applicable for the proof of students' credit point exemption, but also as an alternative option for examining nursing personnel in traditional nursing education and practice. PMID:19061174

Tai, Chun-Yi; Chung, Ue-Lin

2008-12-01

312

Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

2008-01-01

313

Stories of Personal Agency: Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Developing Intercultural Competence during a Semester Abroad in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of how students perceive their development of intercultural competence (IC), one of several study abroad learning outcomes, is important for better understanding how learning occurs in study abroad contexts. The purpose of this article is to explore undergraduate students' perceptions of developing IC during a semester abroad.…

Covert, Hannah H.

2014-01-01

314

Application of Quality Ratings in Pre-Schools in Community Developmental Work: The Lerum Competence Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lerum Competence Development Project seeks to develop a model for educator inservice training to improve the quality of day care. Lerum is a small community outside Goteborg, Sweden, with approximately 35,000 inhabitants. The expansion of childcare provision within the community necessitates support of the teachers because of economic and…

Sheridan, Sonja

315

Development and Evaluation of a Student-Centred Multimedia Self-Assessment Instrument for Social-Communicative Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that developed formative, self-regulated multimedia self-assessment via the Internet of social-communicative competencies for social work students. Discusses a pilot study that was used to design guidelines for the development of the assessment instrument to incorporate students' perceptions, instructional preferences, and…

Bakx, Anouke W. E. A.; Sijtsma, Klaas; van der Sanden, Johan M. M.; Taconis, Ruurd

2002-01-01

316

Professional Development that Works: Shifting Preschool Teachers' Beliefs and Use of Instructional Strategies to Promote Children's Peer Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of a professional development (PD) experience on preschool teachers' instructional strategy development. Focusing on supporting young children's peer social competence as a common interest, preschool teachers were guided to design the specific contents of the PD workshops and were offered an on-site…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2012-01-01

317

Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice. Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers shows how intercultural competence can be realized in the classroom. The 17 chapters include the following: (1) "The International Partnership Project" (Carol Morgan); (2) "Teaching Intercultural Communicative Competence through Literature" (Eva Burwitz-Melzer); (3) "'Up the Hills of Identity'" (Elena Tarasheva and Leah…

Byram, Michael, Ed.; Nichols, Adam, Ed.; Stevens, David, Ed.

318

The Development of a Competency Based Teacher Education Curriculum Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study had three objectives: (1) design a competency based teacher education curriculum model for vocational-technical education (agriculture, home economics, and vocational-industrial); (2) validate the competencies by field testing them with regular vocational teachers, vocational directors, and state personnel; and (3) field test the…

Wircenski, Jerry L.

319

The MacArthur Adjudicative Competence Study: Development and Validation of a Research Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment of competence to stand trial is a common evaluation that can have substantial consequences for defendants and the criminal justice system. Despite a voluminous literature, much remains unknown. An obstacle to progress in understanding what is better termed “adjudicative competence” is the absence of structured, standardized research measures for assessment of defendants. This article presents the legal framework, assessment

Steven K. Hoge; Richard J. Bonnie; Norman Poythress; John Monahan; Marlene Eisenberg; Thomas Feucht-Haviar

1997-01-01

320

The Development of Explosives Competencies, Training and Education in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competent explosives workers in the Armed Forces and in the civil sector are critical to the safe production, testing and use of explosives. Moreover we need competent explosives specialists to combat the challenge from terrorism and clean up the planet from the explosive hazards that are the legacy of past conflicts. Unfortunately many countries are witnessing a significant loss of

I G Wallace; J Akhavan; S G Murray; G Hooper

321

Mother-Infant Interaction and the Development of Individual Differences in Children's Cognitive Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the antecedents of individual differences in cognitive/language competence for 121 24-month-olds who were also assessed at 6 and 13 months. Warm verbal interactions between mother and child at three ages were associated with child competence at 24 months. Socioeconomic status was also modestly correlated. (Author/CB)

Olson, Sheryl L.; And Others

1984-01-01

322

Developing Competent Youth and Strong Communities through After-School Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the renewed attention given to community efforts supporting after-school activities to promote social competence in its youth, this book examines the concepts of play and rites of passage for youth. The book also discusses the contributions of various types of activities on youth social competency, presents a variety of perspectives for…

Danish, Steven J., Ed.; Gullotta, Thomas P., Ed.

323

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

2010-12-28

324

Delivering and Measuring Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Quality Competence Acquisition Model is a means to deliver and measure competence in vocational education and training that integrates learning, institutional management, and quality assurance. Introduces the model, discusses issues of staff, institutional, and curriculum development, and presents a case study of a competence-based program…

Funnell, Peter; Owen, Jennifer

1992-01-01

325

Competency Based Consumer Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended as a tool to help teachers develop a competency-based consumer education curriculum. It first briefly discusses the need for a competency-based approach over a K-14 continuum. The major portion of the document then consists of lists of competencies on a K-14 continuum that are nonsubject specific. They are categorized…

Douma, Elaine L.

326

Restoration to Competency Practice Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Courts frequently adjudicate criminal defendants as incompetent to stand trial and order defendants to psychiatric hospitals for treatment and education designed to restore the defendant to competence. However, little information is available on effective restoration to competency techniques. This article summarizes the existing literature on restoration to competency programs, describes a competency restoration program at one Ohio hospital, and offers

Stephen G. Noffsinger

2001-01-01

327

Human resource development for the information society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the four occupational categories identified by the OECD - information producers, information processors, information distributors and infrastructure providers - to explore the state of the information economy of countries in the Asia Pacific region. As would be expected, the developed countries in the region have more advanced information economies than the developing countries as measured by the

Edward Lim

1999-01-01

328

Diffusing QSEN competencies across schools of nursing: the AACN/RWJF Faculty Development Institutes.  

PubMed

A series of regional Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) Faculty Development Institutes were held in 2010 and 2011 to provide nursing faculty with strategies to integrate quality and safety content into their curricula. The interactive coursework focused on the 6 core QSEN competencies. Using a train-the-trainer approach, the QSEN Faculty Development Institute Directors enabled nursing faculty attendees to (a) lead their institution's faculty to incorporate quality and safety content into the curriculum for students; (b) teach and mentor students to deliver high quality and safe patient care; and (c) train other faculty to accomplish these goals. Over 1,100 nursing faculty from across the United States attended the institutes. All types of prelicensure programs were represented including diploma, associate, and baccalaureate degree. In a preinstitute survey, faculty identified multiple opportunities to improve the integration of quality and safety content into curricula including the need for specific content on quality improvement, teamwork and collaboration, and informatics and the need for interprofessional experiences and electronic health record access. Postinstitute evaluations indicated that participants found the content clear, specific, usable, and presented in a format that facilitated thought, reflection, and application. The regional institutes served as a very effective strategy for engaging large numbers of faculty across the country in the QSEN work and for disseminating vital tactics to improve the teaching of quality and safety content. PMID:23566451

Barnsteiner, Jane; Disch, Joanne; Johnson, Jean; McGuinn, Kathy; Chappell, Kathy; Swartwout, Ellen

2013-01-01

329

Safety in numbers 3: Authenticity, Building knowledge & skills and Competency development & assessment: the ABC of safe medication dosage calculation problem-solving pedagogy.  

PubMed

When designing learning and assessment environments it is essential to articulate the underpinning education philosophy, theory, model and learning style support mechanisms that inform their structure and content. We elaborate on original PhD research that articulates the design rationale of authentic medication dosage calculation problem-solving (MDC-PS) learning and diagnostic assessment environments. These environments embody the principles of authenticity, building knowledge and skills and competency assessment and are designed to support development of competence and bridging of the theory-practice gap. Authentic learning and diagnostic assessment environments capture the features and expert practices that are located in real world practice cultures and recreate them in authentic virtual clinical environments. We explore how this provides students with a safe virtual authentic environment to actively experience, practice and undertake MDC-PS learning and assessment activities. We argue that this is integral to the construction and diagnostic assessment of schemata validity (mental constructions and frameworks that are an individual's internal representation of their world), bridging of the theory-practice gap and cognitive and functional competence development. We illustrate these principles through the underpinning pedagogical design of two online virtual authentic learning and diagnostic assessment environments (safeMedicate and eDose™). PMID:23177732

Weeks, Keith W; Meriel Hutton, B; Coben, Diana; Clochesy, John M; Pontin, David

2013-03-01

330

Developing a Career Information System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Career Information System (CIS), a statewide interagency consortium provides curent labor market and educational information in usable forms to students and clients, and assists in the integration of such information into schools and social agencies in Or...

B. McKinlay

1975-01-01

331

Promoting Young Children's Social Competence through the Preschool PATHS Curriculum and MyTeachingPartner Professional Development Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Children's (n = 980) social competence during prekindergarten was assessed as a function of their teachers' (n = 233) exposure to the Preschool Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum and 2 levels of support through MyTeachingPartner, a Web-based approach to professional development. Children in classrooms…

Hamre, Bridget K.; Pianta, Robert C.; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Downer, Jason T.

2012-01-01

332

Nascent Entrepreneurship and the Developing Individual: Early Entrepreneurial Competence in Adolescence and Venture Creation Success during the Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What predicts a person's venture creation success over the course of the career, such as making progress in the venture creation process and multiple successful venture creations? Applying a life span approach of human development, this study examined the effect of early entrepreneurial competence in adolescence, which was gathered retrospectively…

Obschonka, Martin; Silbereisen, Rainer K.; Schmitt-Rodermund, Eva; Stuetzer, Michael

2011-01-01

333

The Supervisor in the Project-Organized Group Work Should Participate in Developing the Students' Project Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most work done by engineers today is organized in projects and very often as teamwork. When educating towards employability, it is therefore important that the students develop competencies in areas such as project management, collaboration and teamwork. In companies using human resource management, we find similar expectations to the engineers'…

Hansen, Soren

2004-01-01

334

A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

2011-01-01

335

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

336

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT Development of a Competency-Based Assessment Process for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment. Faculty and student perceptions of the assessment process were generally positive. We were moderately successful in reducing grade inflation. The new process also provides the school with data that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of our curriculum in preparing students for practice. Conclusions. Development and implementation of a competency-based assessment process require a considerable amount of work

Lilian H. Hill; Jeffrey C. Delafuente; Brigitte L. Sicat

337

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

338

Development of Interactional Competence in L2 Japanese during Study Abroad: The Use of Modal Expressions in Recipient Actions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates the processes in which second language (L2) speakers of Japanese develop their interactional competence in using modal expressions (e.g., "ne" [I share your view], "kamo" [maybe]) as recipients during study abroad. Although previous research has found that beginning learners of Japanese use the acknowledging receipt…

Ishida, Midori

2010-01-01

339

The Use of Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) within a Constructivist Learning Environment to Develop Core Competencies in Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achieving foundation-level practice behaviors to develop social work core competencies involves integrating learning across a curriculum. This article focuses on two phases of foundation-level course redevelopment aimed to support graduate students in accomplishing this outcome. The first phase involved restructuring the course to become a…

Fire, Nancy; Casstevens, W. J.

2013-01-01

340

The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

Stewart, Richard Lee

341

Retrospective Reflection: Insight into Pre-Service School Librarians' Competencies and Skill Development as Revealed through Field Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to expand our understanding of how educators, and in particular school librarians, acquire and use professional-practice knowledge. This exploratory study, grounded in "lived practice" (Spillane, Hunt, and Healey, 2009) uses reflective analysis to amplify competencies and skill development in pre-service school library education.…

Stefl-Mabry, Joette; Dequoy, Elyse; Stevens, Sandra

2012-01-01

342

Developing Competencies in University Education: Linking with Secondary Education and the Work World. A Perspective from Social Psychology in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-fold research challenge, focused on the following general, interrelated questions, is undertaken in this study: (1) How does one develop competencies required in different university degrees in order to adequately function both as a person in society as well as in professional practice? (2) What role do Institutions of Higher Education,…

Lucas, Susana

2007-01-01

343

Geography, Economic Education and Global Education: European and Austrian Aspects of the "Fifobi--Developing Business Competencies in School" Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The EU-funded research project "Fifobi--Fit for Business--developing business competencies in school" (2009-2012) focused on the implementation of economic education in seven European countries. The purpose of the project and this paper is to investigate the current programmes that exist within the final two years of compulsory education…

Schwarz, Ingrid

2012-01-01

344

Developing team competence as part of a person centered learning course on communication and soft skills in project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the capability to work in teams, both national and international, has become a key requirement on computer science graduates, we have been exploring ways in which to support students in enhancing this capability during their studies. In this paper we share our approach, 'philosophy', and learning from the preceding years regarding the development of team competence as part of

Renate Motschnig-Pitrik; Kathrin Figl

2007-01-01

345

Development of an evaluation framework suitable for assessing humanitarian workforce competencies during crisis simulation exercises.  

PubMed

The need to provide a professionalization process for the humanitarian workforce is well established. Current competency-based curricula provided by existing academically affiliated training centers in North America, the United Kingdom, and the European Union provide a route toward certification. Simulation exercises followed by timely evaluation is one way to mimic the field deployment process, test knowledge of core competences, and ensure that a competent workforce can manage the inevitable emergencies and crises they will face. Through a 2011 field-based exercise that simulated a humanitarian crisis, delivered under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO), a competency-based framework and evaluation tool is demonstrated as a model for future training and evaluation of humanitarian providers. PMID:24429109

Cranmer, Hilarie; Chan, Jennifer L; Kayden, Stephanie; Musani, Altaf; Gasquet, Philippe E; Walker, Peter; Burkle, Frederick M; Johnson, Kirsten

2014-02-01

346

Student Perception of Teaching Effectiveness: Development and Validation of the Evaluation of Teaching Competencies Scale (ETCS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major criticism of student evaluations of teaching is that they do not reflect student perspectives. Using critical incidents job analysis, students identified nine teaching effectiveness competencies: communication, availability, creativity, individual consideration, social awareness, feedback, professionalism, conscientiousness and…

Catano, Victor M.; Harvey, Steve

2011-01-01

347

The Development of Competence and the Child Development Team: A Program Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies have suggested the importance of parent education in the prevention of incompetence. The child development and day care movements offer programs that show promise for preventing the incompetence associated with culturally deprived children. But many of these programs lack the elements necessary to break the cycle of poverty: (1)…

Cardillo, Joseph P.

348

Management Development: Using Internal or External Resources in Developing Core Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article defines management as a source of organizational competitive advantage and from the view that managers are some of the employees most vital to a firm. According to influential theories in the field of strategic management, such human assets should be protected, governed, and developed internally. In contrast to the traditional view of…

Espedal, Bjarne

2005-01-01

349

B2B seller competence: Construct development and measurement using a supply chain strategy lens  

Microsoft Academic Search

In less than a decade, Internet-enabled business-to-business (B2B) commerce has become central to supply chain management. But little is known about the infrastructural competencies required for manufacturers engaged in Internet-enabled activities with downstream business customers. This paper aims to take a first step in operationalizing a set of new, multi-item measures that tap into infrastructural (or “soft”) competencies required for

Eve D. Rosenzweig; Aleda V. Roth

2007-01-01

350

A competency model for general practice: implications for selection, training, and development.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The role of the general practitioner (GP) has changed significantly over the past decade. This problem is compounded by growing concern over postgraduate attrition rates from medicine, with current estimates as high as 19%. AIM: To define a comprehensive model of the competencies required for the job role of GP. METHOD: Three independent studies were conducted to define GP competencies including (1) critical incidents focus groups with GPs, (2) behavioural coding of GP-patient consultations, and (3) critical incidents interviews with patients. Study 1 was conducted with GPs (n = 35) from the Trent region. Study 2 involved observation of GP-patient consultations (n = 33 consultations), and Study 3 was conducted with patients (n = 21), all from a Midlands-based medical practice. RESULTS: The data collected from the three studies provided strong evidence for a competency model comprising 11 categories with a summary of the associated behavioural descriptions. Example competencies included empathy and sensitivity, communication skills, clinical knowledge and expertise, conceptual thinking, and coping with pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Triangulation of results was achieved from three independent studies. The competencies derived imply that a greater account of personal attributes needs to be considered in recruitment and training, rather than focusing on academic and clinical competency alone. The model could be employed for future research in design of selection techniques for the role of GP.

Patterson, F; Ferguson, E; Lane, P; Farrell, K; Martlew, J; Wells, A

2000-01-01

351

[Evaluation of nursing teachers' competencies to develop educational programs for adults].  

PubMed

To evaluate the performance that nursing teachers assigned to themselves in the skills to develop educational programs for adults, was the aim of this descriptive, comparative, cross-sectional study, performed with 226 teachers of undergraduate nursing courses from Sao Paulo. Data were collected by Likert scale, introduced in Excel® spreadsheet and analyzed using descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests of Wilcoxon and Friedman. The population was predominantly between 46-55 years (87/38, 49%) were women (198/87, 61%) and have a master degree (180/79, 65%). The teachers were far from reaching the competences which they sought. The lower skill was in building the design of programs to meet the learning situations and, the bigger, in evaluating educational programs. The greatest desire was to design programs with creative formats, and the smaller, was to use councils, committees and task force. It was concluded that designing educational programs for adults is still something unexplored and little experienced by these teachers. PMID:24008708

Draganov, Patricia Bover; Sanna, Maria Cristina

2013-01-01

352

Developing a Tool for Measuring the Decision-Making Competence of Older Adults  

PubMed Central

The authors evaluated the reliability and validity of a tool for measuring older adults’ decision-making competence (DMC). Two-hundred-five younger adults (25-45 years), 208 young-older adults (65-74 years), and 198 old-older adults (75-97 years) made judgments and decisions related to health, finance, and nutrition. Reliable indices of comprehension, dimension weighting, and cognitive reflection were developed. Unlike previous research, the authors were able to compare old-older with young-older adults’ performance. As hypothesized, old-older adults performed more poorly than young-older adults; both groups of older adults performed more poorly than younger adults. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that a large amount of variance in decision performance across age groups (including mean trends) could be accounted for by social variables, health measures, basic cognitive skills, attitudinal measures, and numeracy. Structural equation modeling revealed significant pathways from three exogenous latent factors (crystallized intelligence, other cognitive abilities, and age) to the endogenous DMC latent factor. Further research is needed to validate the meaning of performance on these tasks for real-life decision making.

Finucane, Melissa L.; Gullion, Christina M.

2010-01-01

353

Studio Learning: Motivation, Competence, and the Development of Young Art Students' Talent and Creativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on behavior associated with young art students' developing artistic talent (skills and art-making behavior) and creativity (personal expressions of visual information). The study examined the relationships among age and the components of creativity (i.e., technical skill, problem finding, ideation, evaluation, and motivation). The study compared the artistic processing and products of 25 younger art students (9- and

Susan M. Rostan

2010-01-01

354

Development and evaluation of a student-centred multimedia self-assessment instrument for social-communicative competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication plays an important role in manyprofessional contexts. This is especially truefor students in the field of social work. Theaim of this study was to develop formative,self-regulated multimedia self-assessment ofsocial-communicative competencies for socialwork students. First, a pilot study wasconducted to gain insight into the students'specific characteristics. This insight was usedto design guidelines for the development of theassessment instrument in order

Anouke W. E. A. Bakx; Klaas Sijtsma; Johan M. M. Van der Sanden; Ruurd Taconis

2002-01-01

355

Curriculum development in information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Systems is one of the most dynamic and important professions of the 80's. There are a number of colleges and universities that offer baccalaureate degrees in this field. However, because of Information Systems' dynamic nature, many of these programs are now out of date. In this paper a modern, comprehensive curriculum leading to a baccalaureate degree in Information Systems

Trevor Swanson; Richard Hatch; Norman Sondak

1979-01-01

356

Welding. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a welding program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability skills needed…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

357

Medical Assisting Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains medical assisting competencies and competency-based performance objectives, learning activities, resources, and levels of achievement for each competency that were adapted and developed by instructors of medical assisting to suit the needs and legal parameters of Pennsylvania. The competencies and associated elements are…

Richards, Beverly; And Others

358

Dental Assisting Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains dental assisting competencies and competency-based performance objectives, learning activities, resources, and evaluation procedures for each competency that was adapted and developed by instructors of dental assisting to suit the needs and legal parameters of Pennsylvania. The competencies and associated elements are…

Richards, Beverly; And Others

359

Coverage of Competencies in the Curriculum of Information Studies: An International Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the collective judgments of a group of academics from North America, Southeast Asia and the Arabian Gulf region, as well as leading practitioners from the Arabian Gulf region, about the content of graduate degrees in information studies. The participants generally agreed about the content of the curriculum of information studies. The most…

ur Rehman, Sajjad; Al-Ansari, Husain; Yousef, Nibal

2002-01-01

360

Conversational Apprentices: Helping Children Become Competent Informants about Their Own Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alleged victims of child abuse are often the only sources of information about the crimes, and this places them in the role of experts when conversing about their experiences. Despite developmental deficiencies in memory, cognition, communication skills, and social style, researchers have shown that children's informativeness in such conversations…

Lamb, Michael E.; Brown, Deirdre A.

2006-01-01

361

Reflection: a critical proficiency essential to the effective development of a high competence in communication.  

PubMed

Reflection, or the ability to step back from an experience and consider it critically, in an analytical, non-subjective manner, is an essential aspect of problem solving and decision making, and also of effective communication with clients and colleagues. Reflective practice has been described as the essence of professionalism and is therefore a core professional skill; rarely, however, has it been explicitly taught in veterinary curricula, and it has only a recent history in undergraduate human medical curricula. We describe here two preliminary case studies, one in a veterinary medical education context and the other within a human medical education framework, as examples of approaches to assessing a student's ability for ''reflection.'' The case studies also illustrate some of the key principles. Both of the case studies described had as their end goal the enhancement of communication skills through critical reflection. At Monash University, Australia, the majority of students were assessed as being at a level of ''reflection in development.'' The students in the Ontario Veterinary College case study showed moderately good use of self-awareness and critical reflection as a basis for modifying and integrating communication skills into practice. While both preliminary case studies point to the fact that students recognize the importance of communication and value the opportunity to practice it, few students in either case study identified the importance of reflection for lifelong learning and professional competence. Opportunities to complete critical reflection exercises in other parts of curricula and outside of communication would likely reinforce its importance as a generic skill. Ongoing scholarly approaches to teaching, learning, and evaluating reflection and self-awareness are needed. PMID:16767639

Adams, Cindy L; Nestel, Debra; Wolf, Peter

2006-01-01

362

EASING THE INFERENTIAL LEAP IN COMPETENCY MODELING: THE EFFECTS OF TASK-RELATED INFORMATION AND SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTISE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the rising popularity of the practice of competency modeling, research on competency modeling has lagged behind. This study begins to close this practice-science gap through 3 studies (1 lab study and 2 field studies), which employ generalizability analysis to shed light on (a) the quality of inferences made in competency modeling and (b) the effects of incorporating elements of

FILIP LIEVENS; JUAN I. SANCHEZ

2004-01-01

363

Assessing Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper represents the state of the art of research in library science on professional competencies for academic, public and special libraries since 1985. The seminal research study done on librarian competencies was conducted in 1983-86 by King Research. The goal of the study was to identify the type of skills and knowledge that information

Brody, Fern E.

364

Can Cultural Competency Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities? a Review and Conceptual Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a conceptual model of cultural competency's potential to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities, using the cultural competency and disparities litera- ture to lay the foundation for the model and inform assessments of its validity. The authors identify nine major cultural competency techniques: interpreter services, recruitment and retention policies, training, coordinating with traditional healers, use of community

Cindy Brach; Irene Fraserirector

2000-01-01

365

Training the Troops: What Today's Soldiers Tell Us About Training for Information-Age Digital competency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Army transformation requires soldiers who can use information-age digital skills to accomplish tasks and to do essential coordination with others. The objective of this research was to gain insights on best practices for training; this was accomplished by...

B. B. Schaab J. D. Dressel

2003-01-01

366

Parental Efficacy and the Development of Social Competence in Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relation of two aspects of parental efficacy (locus of control and interpersonal support) to the social competence of 62 children aged 2 to 5 years in a preschool setting. The following assessment instruments were used: Schaefer's (1979) Locus of Control Inventory to measure parental locus of control; Paul's Home Support…

Swick, Kevin J.; Hassell, Tammy

367

The impact of learning goals on emotional, social, and cognitive intelligence competency development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to empirically examine the efficacy of setting multiple goals targeting complex competencies with a variety of time horizons pursued across a number of years. Most research conducted in the areas of goal setting examines an individual's ability to achieve a single goal targeting a simple skill or behavioral change within a short

David C. Leonard

2008-01-01

368

Exploration of the Value of Electronic Discourse for Developing Cultural Competency in College Freshmen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of electronic discourse on cultural competency growth among college students. Data were gathered by monitoring six discussion groups, three of which held face-to-face (FTF) discussions and three of which held electronic discussions (ED). Each group was led by a college professor after a…

Phillips, Donna Alley

2010-01-01

369

Cognitive Socialization and Competence: The Academic Development of Chicanos. Chapter 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter focuses on the innermost level of Bronfenbrenner's four-level conception of the human environmental ecology, namely the microsystem, and more specifically, the child's socialization in the family. Following discussion of concepts related to socialization, competence, and environmental ecology, selected research studies are reviewed to…

Laosa, Luis M.; Henderson, Ronald W.

370

Impact of Contact on the Development of Children's Positive Stereotyping about Aging Language Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined young children's (M = 38 months) beliefs about the aging of language competence using a modified mutual exclusivity paradigm (cf. Markman, 1990). Children were shown pairs of objects (familiar and unfamiliar) and were asked by a younger and older experimenter to point to the object in the pair to which a novel non-word…

Kwong See, Sheree T.; Nicoladis, Elena

2010-01-01

371

Interventional pain management skills competency in pain medicine fellows: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

The purposes of this project were to propose an educational module to instruct pain medicine fellows in the appropriate performance of interventional pain management techniques and to verify procedural competency through objective evaluation methodology. Eight board-certified pain medicine physicians spanning two fellowship programs trained seven fellows using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (American Board of Anesthesiology Pain Medicine Content Outline). The seven fellows demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module. Objective measures compared the fellows' performance on standardized procedure checklists administered 9 mos into training; fellows in the 2012-2013 academic year also received testing at the 3-mo mark. Support for the assessment module is demonstrated by appropriate performance of interventional procedures, with improvement noted from 3-mo to 9-mo testing, successful completion of chart-stimulated oral examinations, proper performance of relevant physical examination maneuvers, and completion of program-specific medical knowledge written tests. The fellows were evaluated via patient surveys and 360-degree global rating scales, maintained procedure logs, and completed two patient-care reports; these were reviewed by program directors to ensure adequate completion. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology presented provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of interventional pain management. PMID:25033098

McElroy, Kevin; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Perret-Karimi, Danielle; Hata, Justin; Ferrer, Steven M; Demesmin, Didier; Petagna, Ann Marie

2014-08-01

372

An Educator's Guide to the Development of Advanced Practice Competencies in Clinical Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2008 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards identified 10 core competencies that all social work graduates should master. MSW programs found themselves with a need to identify knowledge, values, and skill statements that reflected what concentration-year students were expected to know and be able to do. In 2009 a group of educators…

Singer, Jonathan B.; Gray, Susan W.; Miehls, Dennis

2012-01-01

373

Developing Teachers' Cultural Competence: One Teacher Educator's Practice of Unpacking Student Culturelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article responds to the call to examine approaches and strategies that are practiced or should be practiced in teacher education programs to ensure teachers' cultural competence for effective teaching in a multicultural democracy. As part of a larger study on a self-study that examined the author's practice of teaching diversity courses in teacher education that spans over 15 years,

Omiunota Ukpokodu

2011-01-01

374

LEARNING TO MAKE CHANGE Developing Innovation & Change Competence in African Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

There appears to be generally a broad consensus that the multidimensional nature and complexity underlying the critical problems of Africa such as poverty, food insecurity and disease urge for integrated and holistic views and approaches to deal with the challenges successfully. Innovation systems approaches are promising, but in practice they require new mindsets and competences for systemic thinking, institutional interfaces

Jürgen Hagmann; Paul Kibwika; Adipala Ekwamu

375

Developing and Improving Written Communication: Grammar, Abbreviations, and Capitalization. Competency Test Package. Office Occupations. Instructor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency test package, one of a series of test packages for office occupations education, contains a list of performance objectives; a pool of objective questions matched with these performance objectives; a sample, 50-point objective test; and several performance test activities. The package also includes complete directions for the…

Hines, Donna

376

A Model for Developing and Assessing Tactical Decision-Making Competency in Game Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All teachers want their students to become better game players who are motivated to participate in and outside of class. Students need to learn how to make good tactical decisions, in addition to being skilled movers, in order to become competent game players. When students make better tactical decisions, they experience more success and therefore…

Pagnano-Richardson, Karen; Henninger, Mary L.

2008-01-01

377

Developing and Assessing Multicultural Competence with a Focus on Culture and Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The search for culturally appropriate art therapy practice has historically focused on personal exploration and the infusion of a multicultural perspective in academic and applied experiences. The purpose of this article is to strengthen awareness of the personal and professional competencies necessary for culturally responsible practice. Three…

ter Maat, Mercedes B.

2011-01-01

378

Affective Competencies of Teachers of Visually Handicapped Students: Identification and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers address issues related to affective competencies needed by teachers of visually handicapped students. In "Role of the Home and Parent in Enhancing Self-Concept," T. Galloway, a parent, describes her experiences in coping with her multiply handicapped child's disabilities and in helping him to feel good about himself. C. Leonard…

Scholl, Geraldine T.

379

Behavior Individuality and the Development of Social Competence among Preschool Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes three related studies of 3- to 5-year-old children's temperament and its relationship to their social competence, ability to solve interpersonal problems, locus of control, parent behavior and teacher/child interactions. Fifty-eight children, predominantly middle class participants in a laboratory preschool, and their…

Nelson, Jo Ann N.; Simmerer, Norma J.

380

Autonomous Learning and the Acquisition of Intercultural Communicative Competence: Some Implications for Course Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines key terms and complexities that surround the advocacy of teaching foreign language for intercultural communicative competence (ICC) in a foreign language to courses promoting the acquisition of ICC. Discusses criteria for selecting cultural content and culture-and-language learning tasks, as well as ways to scaffold the ICC learning…

Sercu, Lies

2002-01-01

381

The Effects of Deductive and Inductive Instruction on the Development of Language Learners' Pragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the effects of deductive and inductive teaching approaches to the acquisition of pragmatic competence on learners of English as a foreign language. In this study, 60 adult native speakers of Japanese with intermediate-level proficiency in English were each randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups, which consisted of 3…

Takimoto, Masahiro

2008-01-01

382

Developing and supporting creative problem solving teams: part 2 – facilitator competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more organisations are using teams to solve problems, plan for the future and improve products, processes and services. One method of enhancing group effectiveness is to use a facilitator. Facilitators, however, need to be trained in order to accomplish their role effectively. This can only be achieved successfully if trainers are aware of the competencies and skills needed

Elspeth McFadzean

2002-01-01

383

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal.…

Garbett, Dawn

2011-01-01

384

Understanding the job in a new way--a basis for development of competence in diabetes care.  

PubMed

Patients complain that doctors and nurses do not listen, and therefore a need to develop the patient encounter is at hand. Phenomenological theory has opened new ways to develop professional competence. If the idea holds that we express our understanding about our work through our actions, a change in understanding might further develop professional competence. This idea offers a new way to develop competence in diabetes health care service. The aim of this study was to map health care professionals' understanding of the patient encounter before and after an educational intervention that focused the way the health care professional experienced the encounter, and to describe how their understanding changed. Two general practitioners and two diabetes nurses participated. They were interviewed before and after the intervention. The intervention comprised 4-5 sessions during which they together with a tutor reviewed their videotaped consultations with different persons with diabetes. The tutors' role was to make interventions that could alter the persons understanding of the diabetes consultation through questioning. The interviews were analysed using phenomenographic method. The results show that the professionals changed their ways of experiencing the encounter after the intervention. They started to question their way of working, focused the patient's learning process and became interested in how to stimulate it. PMID:11095112

Holmström, I; Jonsson, A C; Rosenqvist, U

2000-01-01

385

Marketing Development Information in South Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses adapting traditional marketing strategies for the nonprofit sector, including libraries and information centers, and describes experiences of the Development Information Network for South Asia in Sri Lanka. Topics addressed include librarians' value systems, including free access to information; the need for information marketing;…

Geethananda, Hemamalee

1993-01-01

386

Development and evaluation of a student-centered multimedia self-assessment instrument for social-communicative competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication plays an important role in many professional contexts. This is especially true for students in the field of social work. The aim of this study was to develop formative, self-regulated multimedia self-assessment of social-communicative competencies for social work students. First, a pilot study was conducted to gain insight into the students' specific characteristics. This insight was used to design

ANOUKE W. E. A. BAKX; KLAAS SIJTSMA; JOHAN M. M. VAN DER SANDEN; RUURD TACONIS

2002-01-01

387

The Development of Specialized Biomedical Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of specialized biomedical information and its management and dissemination focuses on the development of information concerning AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Topics addressed include services to specialized user groups; selection, collection, and information evaluation in libraries; AIDS terminology; recent developments in…

Ginn, David S.

1993-01-01

388

Development of a Moodle Course for Schoolchildren's Table Tennis Learning Based on Competence Motivation Theory: Its Effectiveness in Comparison to Traditional Training Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Competence Motivation Theory (CMT), a Moodle course for schoolchildren's table tennis learning was developed (The URL is http://www.bssepp.com, and this course allows guest access). The effects of the course on students' knowledge, perceived competence and interest were evaluated through quantitative methods. The sample of the study…

Zou, Junhua; Liu, Qingtang; Yang, Zongkai

2012-01-01

389

Examining the Practice of Critical Reflection for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Multicultural Competencies: Findings from a Study Abroad Program in Honduras  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a critical need in teacher preparation, study abroad programs aimed at developing multicultural competencies in pre-service teachers have proliferated across the United States. Multicultural competencies constitute the ability to challenge misconceptions that lead to discrimination based on cultural difference, reflect on one's…

Sharma, Suniti; Phillion, JoAnn; Malewski, Erik

2011-01-01

390

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs In Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume I: Executive Summary - National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary briefly outlines the methodology used and data collected in the National Survey of Head Start Supplementary Training/Child Development Associate (HSST/CDA) Competency Based Training Programs. (HSST/CDA training programs are intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the CDA…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

391

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs in Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume III: Appendix - National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summary statistics and questionnaires are presented in this appendix to the Final Report of the National Survey of Head Start Supplementary Training/Child Development Associate (HSST/CDA) Competency Based Training Programs. (HSST/CDA training programs are intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the CDA…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

392

The MacArthur Treatment Competence Study. I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first of three papers reporting the results of the MacArthur Treatment Competence Study, a project designed to develop reliable and valid information with which to address clinical and policy questions regarding the abilities of persons with mental illness to make decisions about psychiatric treatment. Four commonly applied legal standards for determining decision-making competence are described: abilities to

Paul S. Appelbaum; Thomas Grisso

1995-01-01

393

Here's How to Prepare for the Rush toward Minimum Competency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before jumping on the minimum competency bandwagon, school board members should make sure they understand what is involved in setting up minimum competency standards, consider pooling resources with other boards, involve teachers early in the planning, keep the public informed, and not expect successful programs to develop overnight. (Author/IRT)

Krajewski, Robert

1979-01-01

394

How To Compete: The Impact Of Workplace Practices And Information Technology On Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a unique nationally representative sample of businesses, we examine the impact of workplace practices, information technology, and human capital investments on productivity. We estimate an augmented Cobb-Douglas production function with both cross section and panel data covering the period of 1987-1993, using both within and GMM estimators. We find that it is not whether an employer adopts

Sandra E. Black; Lisa M. Lynch

2001-01-01

395

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Health Agency Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to provide health occupations teachers and state departments of education with information needed to revise and improve the curriculum used in training prospective health occupations teachers and in updating certification requirements for practicing health care professionals. The profile lists the…

Walters, Norma J.

396

The Contribution towards Student Competencies: An Analysis of an Information Systems Business Process and ERP Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volatility and change has been the hallmark of technology, and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is not immune to such challenges. Despite these factors, ERP has certain features that make it an excellent vehicle for the pedagogical process. This research investigates the skills imparted by using ERP systems in teaching and compares these against the Information Systems (IS) curriculum and industry

Lisa Seymour; Muneeb Dawood

397

Cultural Competence: A Conceptual Framework for Library and Information Science Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's twenty-first-century library and information science (LIS) professionals are faced with the challenge of a growing population of individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds, many of whom are from minority and underserved populations representing the poorest segments of society with little or no experience with libraries. This article…

Overall, Patricia Montiel

2009-01-01

398

Hepatitis C Virus Infection Increases Risk of Developing End-Stage Renal Disease Using Competing Risk Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are closely linked and both increase patient mortality. The association of HCV and risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has not been analyzed with competing risk model. Method We enrolled a prospective cohort of 4,185 patients (mean age, 62 years; 41% female) registered in the CKD integrated care program at two affiliated hospitals of Kaohsiung Medical University in Taiwan between November 11, 2002 and May 31, 2009. With competing risk model, we analyzed the association of HCV infection, defined by seropositive of anti-HCV antibody, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, defined by seropositive of HBV surface antigen, with the risk of entering ESRD. Results The prevalence of HCV infection was 7.6% and it increased with the CKD stages (trend test, P<0.001), while the prevalence of HBV infection was 7.4% and no specific trend among CKD stages (tend test, P?=?0.1). During the 9,101 person-year follow-up period, there were 446 death and 1,205 patients entering ESRD. After adjusting death as the competing risk, the estimated 5-year cumulative incidence rate of ESRD among patients with and without HCV infection were 52.6% and 38.4%, respectively (modified log-rank, P<0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that HCV infection, but not HBV infection, had higher risk of developing ESRD compared with cases without infection (HCV, HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.07–1.62; HBV, HR: 1.10, 95% CI: 0.89–1.35). Subgroup analyses showed consistent results. Conclusions With death-adjusted competing risk analysis, HCV infection is associated with an increased risk of developing ESRD in CKD cohort.

Lee, Jia-Jung; Lin, Ming-Yen; Chang, Jung-San; Hung, Chi-Chih; Chang, Jer-Ming; Chen, Hung-Chun; Yu, Ming-Lung; Hwang, Shang-Jyh

2014-01-01

399

Computer Sciences Applied to Management at Open University of Catalonia: Development of Competences of Teamworks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teamwork is considered one of the most important professional skills in today's business environment. More specifically, the collaborative work between professionals and information technology managers from various functional areas is a strategic key in competitive business. Several university-level programs are focusing on developing these skills. This article presents the case of the course Computer Science Applied to Management (hereafter CSAM) that has been designed with the objective to develop the ability to work cooperatively in interdisciplinary teams. For their design and development have been addressed to the key elements of efficiency that appear in the literature, most notably the establishment of shared objectives and a feedback system, the management of the harmony of the team, their level of autonomy, independence, diversity and level of supervision. The final result is a subject in which, through a working virtual platform, interdisciplinary teams solve a problem raised by a case study.

Pisa, Carlos Cabañero; López, Enric Serradell

400

Androgen Receptor Attenuation of Ad5 Replication: Implications for the Development of Conditionally Replication Competent Adenoviruses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conditionally replication competent adenoviruses (CRAds) represent one of the most intensely studied gene therapy strategies for a variety of malignancies, including prostate cancer. These viruses can be generated by placing a tissue or cancer-specific promoter upstream of one or more of the viral genes required for replication (e.g., E1A, E1B). We report here that E1A inhibits androgen receptor (AR) target

Naseruddin Höti; Ying Li; Chien-Lun Chen; Wasim H Chowdhury; David C Johns; Qinghua Xia; Arup Kabul; Jer-Tsong Hsieh; Michael Berg; Gary Ketner; Shawn E Lupold; Ronald Rodriguez

2007-01-01

401

Recombinant human growth differentiation factor-9 improves oocyte reprogramming competence and subsequent development of bovine cloned embryos.  

PubMed

Abstract Previously, we found that oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) secreted by denuded oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM) enhance subsequent development of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. This treatment requires many oocytes during IVM. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate whether supplementing with recombinant growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF9), one of crucial OFSs, in oocyte maturation medium could improve developmental competence of bovine oocytes and subsequent development of cloned embryos. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from antral follicles of bovine ovaries collected from an abattoir were cultured with (SCNT+GDF9 group) or without (SCNT group) 200?ng/mL recombinant human GDF9 in oocyte maturation medium. After 22?h, metaphase II (MII) oocytes were used for SCNT. The presence of 200?ng/mL GDF9 significantly increased oocyte maturation rates, the cleavage rate, and blastocyst formation rates of bovine cloned embryos. The blastocyst total, inner cell mass (ICM) cell numbers, and ratio of ICM:TE were higher, whereas the rate of apoptosis in bovine cloned blastocysts was lower in the SCNT+GDF9 group than in the SCNT group. The histone modifications at various sites were also different between each group. These results suggest that COCs cultured with recombinant GDF9 in oocyte maturation medium improve oocyte developmental competence and subsequent developmental competence of cloned embryo in cattle. PMID:24840335

Su, Jianmin; Hu, Guangdong; Wang, Yongsheng; Liang, Dong; Gao, Mingqing; Sun, Hongzheng; Zhang, Yong

2014-08-01

402

Teaching Systems-Based Competency in Anesthesiology Residency: Development of an Education and Assessment Tool  

PubMed Central

Background The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires programs to educate and evaluate residents in 6 competencies, including systems-based practice. We designed a survey and assessment tool to address the competency as it pertains to anesthetic drug costs in an academic center. Methods Residents, certified registered nurse anesthetists, and faculty were asked to complete an anesthetic drug-cost survey without relying on reference materials. After a combination of compulsory in-class didactic sessions and web-based education, the participants were asked to design an anesthetic, give example cases, and determine costs. The initial task was repeated 1 year later. Results Our preintervention survey revealed that most practitioners knew very little about anesthetic drug costs, regardless of level of training or degree. All residents completed the mandatory online education tool, more than 80% attended the departmental grand rounds program, and 100% met the goal of designing an anesthetic for all cases within the preset price limit. A repeat of the cost estimate produced an improvement in cost estimates with reduction in variability (P < .05, Student unpaired t test), although estimates of volatile anesthetic and reversal agent costs did not achieve significance at the .05 level for any of the 3 cases. Conclusion Introducing a formalized teaching and assessment tool has improved our residents' understanding of anesthetic drug costs, and improved our ability to teach and assess the systems-based practice competency.

Soto, Roy G.; Cormican, Daniel S.; Gallagher, Christopher J.; Seidman, Peggy A.

2010-01-01

403

Athletes' expectations with regard to officiating competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to identify the cues upon which athletes rely when developing their expectations with regard to the competence of sports officials and to examine the sources of information, which are given priority in different kinds of sport (i.e. team, racquet and fighting sports). A questionnaire – the Athlete Perception of Sports Officials Questionnaire (APSO-Q) – was developed in

Fabrice Dosseville; Sylvain Laborde; Marjorie Bernier

2012-01-01

404

Memory for category information is idealized through contrast with competing options.  

PubMed

We suggest that human category formation relies on contrastive learning mechanisms that seek to reduce prediction error. In keeping with this view, manipulating category contrast leads to systematic distortions in people's memory for category information. Simply by changing the basis of comparison (i.e., the available response options), we can systematically distort people's perceptions of novel, energy-source, and political categories. Our proposal explains perceived variations in category members' typicality, including cases in which average items are judged as highly typical and cases in which extreme or ideal members are judged as highly typical of the category. Although straightforward, our account spans findings from studies in goal-derived, cross-cultural, and object-based categorization and suggests ways in which society's perception of key issues is distorted by political discourse. PMID:20424052

Davis, Tyler; Love, Bradley C

2010-02-01

405

Assessing the Competence of Persons With Alzheimer's Disease in Providing Informed Consent for Participation in Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The capacity of persons with Alzheimer's disease or other neuropsy- chiatric disorders for giving consent to participate in research has come under increasing scrutiny. While instruments for measuring abilities related to capacity have been developed, how they should be used to categorize subjects as capable or incapable is not clear. A criterion vali- dation study was carried out to

Scott Y. H. Kim; Eric D. Caine; Glenn W. Currier; Adrian Leibovici; Michael Ryan

2001-01-01

406

Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and persistence. In this study screening, collection, identification and expression of stable and technological microbial strains living in soils and in the rhizosphere of abundant weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were conducted. A total of 98 bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere were assessed for biocontrol activity in vitro against phytopathogenic fungi including Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium heterosporum, Fusarium oxysporum, Drechslera teres, Bipolaris sorokiniana, Piricularia oryzae, Botrytis cinerea, Colletothrichum atramentarium and Cladosporium sp., Stagonospora nodorum. Biocontrol activity were performed by the following methods: radial and parallel streaks, "host - pathogen" on the cuts of wheat leaves. A culture collection comprising 64 potential biocontrol agents (BCA) against wheat and barley root diseases has been established. Of these, the most effective were 8 isolates inhibitory to at least 4 out of 5 phytopathogenic fungi tested. The remaining isolates inhibited at least 1 of 5 fungi tested. Growth stimulating activity of proposed rhizobacteria-based preparations was estimated using seedling and vegetative pot techniques. Seeds-inoculation and the tests in laboratory and field conditions were conducted for different agricultural crops - wheat and barley. Intact cells, liquid culture filtrates and crude extracts of the four beneficial bacterial strains isolated from the rhizosphere of weed were studied to stimulate plant growth. As a result, four bacterial strains selected from rhizosphere of weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were chosen as a core of collection of 98 pure cultures with high fungicidal and plant growth-stimulating potentials. Partial determination of nucleotide sequence of 16S ribosomes of tested bacteria indicated that Pseudomonas and Bacillus species were the most dominant bacteria exhibiting biocontrol activity. Typing of bacterial strains was performed on the basis of partial determination of nucleotide sequence 16S ribosome of the studying strain. For this purpose polymerase chain reaction (PCR), using specific primers was provided with chromosomal DNA of bacterial strain under study. After determination of nucleotide sequences of the obtained PCR-fragments, the data obtained was compared with the sequences available in the bank of data (GENEBANK: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), with the aim to determine close related strain to the organism under study. When the level of homology exceeded the level of 98%, one could conclude that the strain under study was identical to the available in the bank of data. Amplification and sequencing of gene 16S pDNA was performed using universal for the majority of prokaryotes primers. Thermopolimerase Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas», dNTP -«Fermentas» was used for amplification. While performing PCR, reagent concentrations corresponded to the protocols described in a set Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas». DNA separation from the sample was performed with DNeasy Plant Mini Kit «QIAGEN». DNA separation from gel was performed with QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit«QIAGEN». Phylogenetic affinity was determined on the basis of the comparison of nucleotide sequence - 400 nucleotides that approximately corresponded to the positions from 500 to 907 nucleotides by nomenclature of E.coli. Primary analysis of the similarity of nucleotide sequences of genes 16S ?DNA of the strains under study was performed on the basis of data Genbank. Sequences were aligned according to nucleotide sequences of those bacteria, which had the highest degree of homology with the strains under study, applyin

Mashinistova, A. V.; Elchin, A. A.; Gorbunova, N. V.; Muratov, V. S.; Kydralieva, K. A.; Khudaibergenova, B. M.; Shabaev, V. P.; Jorobekova, Sh. J.

2009-04-01

407

Health information for the developing world.  

PubMed Central

Doctors and other health professionals in developing countries are missing out on relevant information about health. A lot of the information they need is available in the developed countries, and those who have it are happy to share it with them. But transporting information, like food or medicines, from one part of the world to another is not an easy task nor is it the complete answer to the information drought. It is one thing to ferry books and journals from Europe to Africa and another to make relevant information available to the right person at the right time at an affordable cost. Images p940-a

Kale, R.

1994-01-01

408

Linking the prevention of problem behaviors and positive youth development: Core competencies for positive youth development and risk prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we present a brief review of the developmental literature linking healthy adjustment to five core competencies: (1) positive sense of self, (2) self- control, (3) decision-making skills, (4) a moral system of belief, and (5) proso- cial connectedness. A central premise of this chapter and the rest of the volume is that promoting mastery of social and

Nancy G. Guerra; Catherine P. Bradshaw

2008-01-01

409

The Spiritual Competency Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of the Spiritual Competency Scale, which was based on the Association for Spiritual, Ethical and Religious Values in Counseling's original Spiritual Competencies. Participants were 662 counseling students from religiously based and secular universities nationwide. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a 22-item,…

Robertson, Linda A.

2010-01-01

410

Training for Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a framework for competency-based training focused on the importance of training the person responsible for implementing staff development programs. Suggests Kolb's experiential learning model as a vehicle for instilling competencies that overcome difficulties with many traditional, single modality approaches to training. (JOW)

Sims, Ronald R.; And Others

1989-01-01

411

Assessing and Teaching Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Professional Communication Unit (PCU) at the University of Cape Town (UCT) recently conducted a business communication needs analysis to determine student perceptions of their communicative competence and the teaching strategies being used to develop such competence. Students felt that the specialist, stand-alone communication program was more effective than their 3 to 4-year degree per se in delivering communication instruction,

Terri Grant

2004-01-01

412

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Teacher Self-Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to assist teachers in evaluating the relevance of the competencies included in the health occupations education curriculum they are teaching and in assessing their own continuing education needs. The profile lists the competencies required of persons working at the following sites: hospital departments…

Walters, Norma J.

413

Health Information Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of health information technician, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 14 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general and 6 units specific to the occupation of emergency medical technician. The following…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

414

Coal development information packet. Supplement 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This supplement to the Coal Development Information Packet prepared and distributed by the Montana Energy Advisory Council in December 1974 is intended to provide a brief summary of ''socio-economic'' information pertinent to existing and potential energy development activities in Montana. The benefits of industrialization of Eastern Montana's coal reserves have been much touted. Increased revenues to state, county and local

1975-01-01

415

Electronics. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

416

Entrepreneurship. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for entrepreneurship. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

417

Testing Communicative Competence: Problems and Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model for communicative competence, developed by Swain and Canale describes four competences within the concept of communicative competence. These are linguistic, sociolinguistic, discourse, and strategic competence. Each one involves knowledge of and ability to use the competence in question. This model raises questions on several counts; for…

Courchene, Robert J.; De Bagheera, Jean Ivan

1981-01-01

418

Absence of Rac1 and Rac3 GTPases in the nervous system hinders thymic, splenic and immune-competence development  

PubMed Central

The nervous system influences organ development by direct innervation and the action of hormones. We recently showed that the specific absence of Rac1 in neurons (Rac1N) in a Rac3-deficient (Rac3KO) background causes motor behavioural defects, epilepsy, and premature mouse death around postnatal day 13. We report here that Rac1N/Rac3KO mice display a progressive loss of immune-competence. Comparative longitudinal analysis of lymphoid organs from control, single Rac1N or Rac3KO, and double Rac1N/Rac3KO mutant animals showed that thymus development is preserved up to postnatal day 9 in all animals, but is impaired in Rac1N/Rac3KO mice at later times. This is evidenced by a drastic reduction in thymic cell numbers. Cell numbers were also reduced in the spleen, leading to splenic tissue disarray. Organ involution occurs in spite of unaltered thymocyte and lymphocyte subset composition, and proper mature T-cell responses to polyclonal stimuli in vitro. Suboptimal thymus innervation by tau-positive neuronal terminals possibly explains the suboptimal thymic output and arrested thymic development, which is accompanied by higher apoptotic rates. Our results support a role for neuronal Rac1 and Rac3 in dictating proper lymphoid organ development, and suggest the existence of lymphoid-extrinsic mechanisms linking neural defects to the loss of immune-competence.

Basso, Veronica; Corbetta, Sara; Gualdoni, Sara; Tonoli, Diletta; Poliani, Pietro Luigi; Sanvito, Francesca; Doglioni, Claudio; Mondino, Anna; de Curtis, Ivan

2011-01-01

419

Synaptic Inputs Compete during Rapid Formation of the Calyx of Held: A New Model System for Neural Development  

PubMed Central

Hallmark features of neural circuit development include early exuberant innervation followed by competition and pruning to mature innervation topography. Several neural systems, including the neuromuscular junction and climbing fiber innervation of Purkinje cells, are models to study neural development in part because they establish a recognizable endpoint of monoinnervation of their targets and because the presynaptic terminals are large and easily monitored. We demonstrate here that calyx of Held (CH) innervation of its target, which forms a key element of auditory brainstem binaural circuitry, exhibits all of these characteristics. To investigate CH development, we made the first application of serial block-face scanning electron microscopy to neural development with fine temporal resolution and thereby accomplished the first time series for 3D ultrastructural analysis of neural circuit formation. This approach revealed a growth spurt of added apposed surface area (ASA) >200 ?m2/d centered on a single age at postnatal day 3 in mice and an initial rapid phase of growth and competition that resolved to monoinnervation in two-thirds of cells within 3 d. This rapid growth occurred in parallel with an increase in action potential threshold, which may mediate selection of the strongest input as the winning competitor. ASAs of competing inputs were segregated on the cell body surface. These data suggest mechanisms to select “winning” inputs by regional reinforcement of postsynaptic membrane to mediate size and strength of competing synaptic inputs.

Holcomb, Paul S.; Hoffpauir, Brian K.; Hoyson, Mitchell C.; Jackson, Dakota R.; Deerinck, Thomas J.; Marrs, Glenn S.; Dehoff, Marlin; Wu, Jonathan; Ellisman, Mark H.

2013-01-01

420

Consensus on core competencies for preventive medicine residents.  

PubMed

Of the currently available literature on assessment of physician competency, very little applies to the needs of preventive medicine specialists. Yet the diversity of the field and the confusion among other medical specialists about the particular expertise of preventive medicine physicians suggest a need for consensus on fundamental competencies expected of graduates of preventive medicine residency training programs. We apply theoretical material on competency-based education from teacher training and instructional development to professional training in preventive medicine. We describe the process by which the Graduate Medical Education Subcommittee of the American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM), a working group of specialists, derived and refined core competencies in working sessions at professional meetings. The drafts produced at these sessions were circulated widely to residency directors and other individuals and groups in preventive medicine before being approved by the ACPM Board of Regents and included in the Residency Training Manual distributed by ACPM. This article includes this list of core competencies for preventive medicine residents. In addition, the article describes assumptions about competency development that guided the process and identifies recurrent problems in competency development. This information may be helpful to readers who wish to develop additional competencies or to tailor these competencies for their own preventive medicine residency programs. PMID:8172732

Lane, D S; Ross, V

1994-01-01

421

Effects of G207, a conditionally replication-competent oncolytic herpes simplex virus, on the developing mammalian brain.  

PubMed

Viral oncolytic therapy for malignant brain tumors involves local intratumoral delivery of a genetically engineered virus with tumor cell-specific lytic activity. Promising preliminary results have been achieved in preclinical models with G207, a replication-competent herpes simplex virus type 1 constructed with multiple directed mutations. Although the safety of G207 has been demonstrated in adults, application of viral oncolytic therapy to children with brain tumors has been delayed because of previous lack of data concerning the impact of a replication-competent oncolytic virus on the developing mammalian brain. In this study there was no significant difference in long-term physical development, cognitive performance, or exploratory behaviors between mice that received intracerebral inoculation of G207 or control saline at 4 days of age. However, histological examination and magnetic resonance imaging revealed frequent unilateral ventriculomegaly ipsilateral to the site of injection in only the G207 group. These results suggest that although it is unlikely that G207 will have significant adverse effects on neurodevelopmental outcomes of pediatric patients with brain tumors, an initial study of G207 in children should exclude those patients with tumors in or near the ventricular system as well as patients less than 2 years of age. Furthermore, patients in such a study will need to be closely monitored for the development of hydrocephalus. PMID:17505980

Radbill, Andrew E; Reddy, Alyssa T; Markert, James M; Wyss, J Michael; Pike, Martin M; Akella, N Shastry; Bharara, Niteesh; Gillespie, G Yancey

2007-04-01

422

The HRD Competencies as Perceived by the Human Resource Development Professionals in Banks in Cote d'Ivoire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify how Ivorian HRD professionals in banks perceived their current expertise levels of the HRD competencies, and how these professionals perceived the importance of these competencies needed to be successful in their occupations. In addition, this study determined competencies that are perceived to have the…

Konan, Affoue Zitagisele

2010-01-01

423

Academic Competence for Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied: Findings from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School bullying has negative implications for adolescent academic competence, making it important to explore what factors promote such competence for adolescents who bully and who are bullied. Potential contextual and individual variables linked to academic competence were examined in the context of bullying. Data were derived from the Grades 5…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

424

An Evaluation of "Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum"; A Summer In-Service CBC Staff Development Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum (CBC)," a one-week inservice course was offered to CBC team members from each Washington, D.C., public school during the summer of 1977. It was designed to assist instructional personnel in acquiring the necessary competencies and skills to plan, initiate, and implement competency based curriculum in…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

425

Curriculum Development and New Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports of achievements in developments in new information technology in schools lament the, as yet, unfulfilled hopes that they will radically change education. Those involved in new information technology sometimes seem to imagine that the problems of change that they face are somehow unique and have not been faced by others who have set out to change the curriculum.[l

Robert McCormick

1992-01-01

426

On the Development of Information Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The citations appearing in two recent comprehensive bibliographies in information science and technology are reviewed, and a comparison is made with bibliographies dating back to 1962. Some conclusions are drawn concerning the development and current state of information science. (5 references) (Author)

Salton, G.

1973-01-01

427

Visual Information Strategies in Mental Model Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how visual information strategies may be used to facilitate the development of mental models. Topics covered include: definition of mental models; mental models and visual information; mental modeling concepts; power of modeling, including examples related to physical science, mathematics, writing, and depth of processing;…

Renk, Jeffrey M.; And Others

428

Engineering Technologies. State Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 397 competencies, grouped into 58 units, for tech prep programs in the engineering technologies cluster. The competencies were developed through collaboration of Ohio business, industry, and labor representatives and secondary and associate degree educators. The competencies are rated either "essential" (necessary to ensure…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

429

The Competent Infant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion focuses on the development of experimental techniques which have revealed a competent infant, one who is both sensitive to his external environment and capable of modifying and being modified by that environment. (Author)

Friedman, Steven; Vietze, Peter M.

1972-01-01

430

Evaluation of Competing Classifiers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation research makes contributions towards the objective evaluation of competing classifiers, i.e., classification systems (CSs) or pattern recognition algorithms. Automatic CSs have been under development for almost 40 years in a wide range o...

S. G. Alsing

2000-01-01

431

Longitudinal Associations between Executive Control and Developing Mathematical Competence in Preschool Boys and Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy…

Clark, Caron A. C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly A.

2013-01-01

432

Development of a Tool for Eliciting Patient Priority from Among Competing Cardiovascular Disease, Medication-Symptoms, and Fall Injury Outcomes  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES To develop a choice task for eliciting priorities in the face of competing cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, medication-related symptoms, and fall injuries. DESIGN Conjoint analysis. SETTING Senior housing site. PARTICIPANTS Convenience sample of 15 senior housing residents for the pretest, 13 residents for the pilot test. MEASUREMENTS The final task included 11 sets of choices. In each, one option optimized the risk of one or two of the three outcomes at the expense of the other(s); the second option did the reverse. Relative importance scores for CVD, fall injury, and medication-symptom outcomes were calculated. Reliability was assessed for two administrations using intraclass correlations (ICCs). Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used to evaluate order effects. RESULTS The ICCs between choice task administrations were 0.70 for fall injuries, 0.73 for medication symptoms, and 0.56 for CVD outcomes. The ICCs with removal of two outliers were 0.84, 0.72, and 0.84, respectively. Whether CVD or fall injuries appeared first had no effect on scores. CONCLUSION Preliminary evidence of comprehensibility and reliability supports using the choice task to determine whether individuals’ priorities differ in the face of competing outcomes.

Tinetti, Mary E.; McAvay, Gail J.; Fried, Terri R.; Foody, JoAnne M.; Bianco, Luann; Ginter, Sandra; Fraenkel, Liana

2013-01-01

433

Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Acting as part of the European Commission's INNOVATION Programme, the Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) provides information on European Union research, development, and innovation activities to help strengthen the competitiveness of European organizations, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). CORDIS's ten searchable databases covering various news and research publications, EU-funded research programs, and organizational contact and partnership directories are designed to help SMEs find data and funding. An Acronym dictionary of EU research and development terms aids search navigation, and key pages are available in English, French, German, and Italian.

434

Commercial Art. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 16 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

435

Longitudinal Associations between Executive Control and Developing Mathematical Competence in Preschool Boys and Girls  

PubMed Central

Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy assessments at 3.75 and 4.5 years, and a broad mathematics assessment during kindergarten. Strong associations were observed between latent EC at 3 and mathematics achievement in kindergarten, which remained robust after accounting for earlier informal numeracy, socio-economic status, language and processing speed. Relations between EC and mathematics achievement were stronger in girls than boys. Findings highlight the unique role of EC in predicting which children may have difficulty transitioning to formal mathematics instruction.

Clark, Caron A.C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly Andrews

2012-01-01

436

How to Develop the Competitive Agriculture of Kosovo to Compete in the Regional Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presently, development levels of Kosovo agriculture is under the level of development opportunities and of what’s desired. Its potential is enormous and become counted as one of the pillars of Kosovo economic development. Its participation in GDP in 2011 was 20% (while in 2004 was 25%), and participation in employment by 42%. A high turnout of agriculture in GDP is

Mustafa Pllana; Sali Aliu; Halim Gjergjizi; Iliriana Rahoveanu Miftari; Muje Gjonbalaj; Njazi Bytyci

2012-01-01

437

Developing Pre-Service English Teachers' Competencies for Integration of Technology in Language Classrooms in Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the implementation of the "Information and Communication Technologies in Foreign Language Teaching and Learning" course conducted as a component of the pre-service English language teacher training program in the Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan. The course was introduced in 2003. The central objective of the…

Egorov, Victor V.; Jantassova, Damira D.; Churchill, Natalia

2007-01-01

438

Development of Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A formal, organized set of information concerning the development status of the Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS) as of September 1976 is provided. A series of computer source language programs, and flow charts related to each of the computer programs to provide greater ease in performing future change are presented. Listings of the variable names, and their meanings, used in the various source code programs, and copies of the various user manuals which were prepared through this time are given.

Herring, B. E.; Vachon, R. I.

1976-01-01

439

How primary trainee teachers perceive the development of their own scientific knowledge: links between confidence, content and competence?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The significance of subject knowledge in the education of science teachers is much debated nationally and internationally. Part of this debate is about what the term 'science subject knowledge' means. This paper examines two UK research studies, one from Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) and one from Homerton College, Cambridge, into initial teacher education (ITE) trainees' confidence with their science knowledge. Both surveys revealed the importance of school experience in developing this knowledge. The MMU survey also identified a disproportionate requirement being placed on trainees to teach particular science topics in schools. The paper discusses the implications of these surveys for the design of ITE primary core science programmes in the UK and raises questions about current approaches to the assessment of trainees' subject knowledge in ITE, which are of generic interest. How do we verify trainees' mastery of content? Does such mastery equate with competent teaching? Answers to both questions are proposed.

Shallcross, Tony; Spink, Elaine; Stephenson, Philip; Warwick, Paul

2002-12-01

440

Development of social-emotional competence in boys of color: a cross-sectional cohort analysis from pre-K to second grade.  

PubMed

This article explores the development of psychosocial competence in boys of color (BOC; 226 African Americans and 109 Latinos). Changes in competence were assessed over 2 years in cohorts of low-income BOC beginning in pre-K, kindergarten, or first grade. Psycho-social competence was assessed in terms of self-regulation, interpersonal skills, and positive relationships with peers and teachers. Psycho-social and academic competence in literacy and math were assessed in prekindergarten through second grade using teacher reports, child reports, and normed measures. One-year follow-up data were available on measures of psycho-social competence. BOC evidenced high levels of psycho-social competence, especially on self-regulation, which was related to both math and reading achievement. Teachers and children held similarly favorable views of their relationships, but teacher ratings of peer relationships of BOC were less positive. Although emotional self-regulation was stable, declines were observed in self-regulation of attention, quality of peer relationships, teacher-rated closeness, and satisfaction with life at school, especially over the transition from pre-K to primary school. PMID:23889007

Barbarin, Oscar; Iruka, Iheoma U; Harradine, Chistine; Winn, Donna-Marie C; McKinney, Marvin K; Taylor, Lorraine C

2013-01-01

441

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

2010-01-01

442

Juvenile offenders: competence to stand trial.  

PubMed

This article details the legal background and assists the reader in the preparation and practical conduct of evaluations regarding juvenile adjudicative competency. The material is presented to be useful as a guide to direct questions of competency and covers aspects of evaluation that include: legal standard for competency to stand trial, developmental immaturity, current practice in juvenile competency to stand trial, forensic evaluation of juvenile competency to stand trial, organizing the evaluation, collateral sources of information, psychiatric evaluation of juvenile adjudicative competency, assessment of mental disorder and intellectual disability, assessment of developmental status, assessment of functional abilities for adjudicative competence, and reaching the forensic opinion. PMID:23107566

Soulier, Matthew

2012-12-01

443

Affecting the Future: The Role of Appropriate Scaffolding in the Development of Social Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children exhibit aggression in order to achieve their goals, to respond to their developing understandings of ownership. The NAEYC "Code of Ethical Conduct" for early childhood educators includes the commitment to support children's development, including helping them to learn to work cooperatively. The types of interventions that children…

Kearn, Catherine M.

444

Development and Initial Testing of a Structured Clinical Observation Tool to Assess Pharmacotherapy Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors developed and tested the feasibility and utility of a new direct-observation instrument to assess trainee performance of a medication management session. Methods: The Psychopharmacotherapy-Structured Clinical Observation (P-SCO) instrument was developed based on multiple sources of expertise and then implemented in 4…

Young, John Q.; Lieu, Sandra; O'Sullivan, Patricia; Tong, Lowell

2011-01-01

445

The Manager's IdentityOperational Competence or Strategic Excellence, a Quantum Leap Towards Manager Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years management development practices have stagnated. Two areas in which this is evident are: (a) in the processed form of management development programmes and courses that are offered; and (b) via expedient learning exercises on the part of managers themselves in a myopic endeavour to maintain their self-esteem in the face of job pressures and personal demands for

A. J. Fish

1985-01-01

446

Forestry Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for forestry occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from the forestry industry, members from trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated task list and defined…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

447

Large Muscle Development: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern learn to assess the child's level of large muscle development and provide appropriate activities to foster motor coordination. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A…

Foster, Cheryl

448

Perceived Development Needs of Managers Compared to an Integrated Management Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This research sets out to achieve three goals: first, to discover the most important management development areas specified by Finnish managers; second, to discover the intentions of Finnish managers in management development on a personal level and with the support of organizations; and third, to compare the above mentioned aspects and…

Viitala, Riitta

2005-01-01

449

Development of a Scale to Assess the Demand for Specific Competences in Teachers after Graduation from University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities in Germany show an increasing need for specific information on professional demands encountered and addressed by graduates training to become teachers. To provide information on demands and abilities in teaching graduates, a specialised teacher module was developed in the framework of the German Cooperation Project for Graduate Tracer…

Landmann, Mareike

2013-01-01

450

Enhancement of anatomical learning and developing clinical competence of first-year medical and allied health profession students.  

PubMed

Hands-on educational experiences can stimulate student interest, increase knowledge retention, and enhance development of clinical skills. The Lachman test, used to assess the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), is commonly performed by health care professionals and is relatively easy to teach to first-year health profession students. This study integrated teaching the Lachman test into a first-year anatomy laboratory and examined if students receiving the training would be more confident, competent, and if the training would enhance anatomical learning. First-year medical, physician assistant and physical therapy students were randomly assigned into either the intervention (Group A) or control group (Group B). Both groups received the course lecture on knee anatomy and training on how to perform the Lachman test during a surface anatomy class. Group A received an additional 15 minutes hands-on training for the Lachman test utilizing a lightly embalmed cadaver as a simulated patient. One week later, both groups performed the Lachman test on a lightly embalmed cadaver and later completed a post-test and survey. Students with hands-on training performed significantly better than students with lecture-only training in completing the checklist, a post-test, and correctly diagnosing an ACL tear. Students in Group A also reported being more confident after hands-on training compared to students receiving lecture-only training. Both groups reported that incorporating clinical skill activities facilitated learning and created excitement for learning. Hands-on training using lightly embalmed cadavers as patient simulators increased confidence and competence in performing the Lachman test and aided in learning anatomy. PMID:24002924

Keim Janssen, Sarah A; VanderMeulen, Stephane P; Shostrom, Valerie K; Lomneth, Carol S

2014-01-01

451

Competence for Regeneration during Tobacco Internodal Development (Involvement of Plant Age, Cell Elongation Stage, and Degree of Polysomaty).  

PubMed Central

This study deals with internodal development in vegetative plants of Nicotiana tabacum cv Samsun NN and its reflection in changes of the cellular competence for regeneration. During elongation of the internodes, the cells of the epidermis, subepidermis, and cortex exclusively expanded and increased their DNA content cell type specifically, generally from 2C to 4C. Cells with the 8C DNA content were found mainly among the cortex cells of mature internodes. The frequency of shoot regeneration (directly from subepidermal and epidermal cells together) on thin cell layer explants increased to an optimum along with elongation of the internodes and decreased in mature internodes along with aging. The frequencies of diploid shoots among the regenerants from elongating and mature internodes were high (88 and 75% on the average, respectively), indicating that most cells that had achieved the 4C DNA content generally retained the G2 phase of the diploid cell cycle. Shoots regenerated from explants of young plant material mainly had a vitrified appearance. The occurrence of this type of malformed growth was already determined by the physiological state of the cells in the internode and did not interfere with their acquisition of competence. Vitrification was unrelated to the degree of polysomaty of the internodal tissue. Using the occurrence of tetraploid root regenerants (from intermediate cortex-derived callus), up to a frequency of 50%, we show that the position in the plant where a majority of the 4C cortex cells switched to the G1 phase of the tetraploid cell cycle was at the transition from the elongation phase to the mature phase.

Gilissen, LJW.; Van Staveren, M. J.; Hakkert, J. C.; Smulders, MJM.

1996-01-01

452

Effect of superstimulatory treatments on the expression of genes related to ovulatory capacity, oocyte competence and embryo development in cattle.  

PubMed

Multiple ovulation (superovulation) and embryo transfer has been used extensively in cattle. In the past decade, superstimulatory treatment protocols that synchronise follicle growth and ovulation, allowing for improved donor management and fixed-time AI (FTAI), have been developed for zebu (Bos indicus) and European (Bos taurus) breeds of cattle. There is evidence that additional stimulus with LH (through the administration of exogenous LH or equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG)) on the last day of the superstimulatory treatment protocol, called the 'P-36 protocol' for FTAI, can increase embryo yield compared with conventional protocols that are based on the detection of oestrus. However, inconsistent results with the use of hormones that stimulate LH receptors (LHR) have prompted further studies on the roles of LH and its receptors in ovulatory capacity (acquisition of LHR in granulosa cells), oocyte competence and embryo quality in superstimulated cattle. Recent experiments have shown that superstimulation with FSH increases mRNA expression of LHR and angiotensin AT(2) receptors in granulosa cells of follicles >8 mm in diameter. In addition, FSH decreases mRNA expression of growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) in oocytes, but increases the expression of both in cumulus cells, without diminishing the capacity of cumulus-oocyte complexes to generate blastocysts. Although these results indicate that superstimulation with FSH is not detrimental to oocyte competence, supplementary studies are warranted to investigate the effects of superstimulation on embryo quality and viability. In addition, experiments comparing the cellular and/or molecular effects of adding eCG to the P-36 treatment protocol are being conducted to elucidate the effects of superstimulatory protocols on the yield of viable embryos. PMID:23244825

Barros, Ciro M; Satrapa, Rafael A; Castilho, Anthony C S; Fontes, Patrícia K; Razza, Eduardo M; Ereno, Ronaldo L; Nogueira, Marcelo F G

2012-01-01

453

Competencies: The Competencies Debate in Australian Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies are the focal concept in the world of education and training in Australia at this moment in 1993. This book is a collection of papers and has three purposes. First, it aims to provide basic information about education and training. Second, the book aims to explore something of what competency-based education and training looks like in…

Collins, Cherry, Ed.

454

Developing Competencies for Navy Human Resource Management Specialists: A Delphi Approach.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using the Delphi Method, this thesis develops a list of the desirable knowledge, skills and characteristics for Navy Human Resource Management (HRM) speciallists at each of the following career points. upon assessment by a Human Resource Management Center...

L. E. Wargo

1983-01-01

455

Using an Investment Project To Develop Professional Competencies in Introduction to Financial Accounting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group project involves accounting students in hypothetical creation of a stock portfolio after completing financial analyses. The activity develops decision-making, critical thinking, research, communication, and finance skills. (SK)

Dudley, Lola Woodard; Davis, Henry H.; McGrady, David G.

2001-01-01

456

Information for health and human development.  

PubMed

Information is one of the most powerful instruments of change known to man. It can be used to relieve much pain and suffering, because the basic infrastructure of any successful enterprise is based not only on the management of the physical, financial, and human resources but also on information resources. This paper describes the relationship between health and human development and outlines the roles health sciences librarians might consider in managing information to ensure health, to assist not only medical scientists but also the powerful members of the community. No persons should be hampered in their ability to make decisions about health matters because they did not have access to information librarians have at their disposal. PMID:8938333

Alleyne, G A

1996-01-01

457

IDEAL: A methology for developing information systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As a result of improved capabilities obtained through current computer technologies, application programs and expert systems, Enterprises are being designed or upgraded to be highly integrated and automated information systems. To design or modify Enterprises, it is necessary to first define what functions are to be performed within the Enterprise, identify which functions are potential candidates for automation, and what automated or expert systems are available, or must be developed, to accomplish the selected function. Second, it is necessary to define and analyze the informational requirements for each function along with the informational relationships among the functions so that a database structure can be established to support the Enterprise. To perform this type of system design, an integrated set of analysis tools is required to support the information analysis process. The IDEAL (Integrated Design and Engineering Analysis Languages) methodology provides this integrated set of tools and is discussed.

Evers, Ken H.; Bachert, Robert F.

1988-01-01

458

Clinical instructors' perception of a faculty development programme promoting postgraduate year-1 (PGY1) residents' ACGME six core competencies: a 2-year study  

PubMed Central

Objective The six core competencies designated by Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) are essential for establishing a patient centre holistic medical system. The authors developed a faculty programme to promote the postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) resident, ACGME six core competencies. The study aims to assess the clinical instructors' perception, attitudes and subjective impression towards the various sessions of the ‘faculty development programme for teaching ACGME competencies.’ Methods During 2009 and 2010, 134 clinical instructors participated in the programme to establish their ability to teach and assess PGY1 residents about ACGME competencies. Results The participants in the faculty development programme reported that the skills most often used while teaching were learnt during circuit and itinerant bedside, physical examination teaching, mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) evaluation demonstration, training workshop and videotapes of ‘how to teach ACGME competencies.’ Participants reported that circuit bedside teaching and mini-CEX evaluation demonstrations helped them in the interpersonal and communication skills domain, and that the itinerant teaching demonstrations helped them in the professionalism domain, while physical examination teaching and mini-CEX evaluation demonstrations helped them in the patients' care domain. Both the training workshop and videotape session increase familiarity with teaching and assessing skills. Participants who applied the skills learnt from the faculty development programme the most in their teaching and assessment came from internal medicine departments, were young attending physician and had experience as PGY1 clinical instructors. Conclusions According to the clinical instructors' response, our faculty development programme effectively increased their familiarity with various teaching and assessment skills needed to teach PGY1 residents and ACGME competencies, and these clinical instructors also then subsequently apply these skills.

Lee, Fa-Yauh; Hsu, Hui-Chi; Chuang, Chiao-Lin; Lee, Wei-Shin; Chang, Ching-Chih; Huang, Chia-Chang; Chen, Jaw-Wen; Cheng, Hao-Min; Jap, Tjin-Shing

2011-01-01

459

Psychometric testing of an instrument measuring core competencies of nursing students: an application of Mokken scaling.  

PubMed

Assessing the core competencies of nursing students provides information about students' learning outcomes for educational evaluation and improvement. The aim of this study was to develop the Nursing Students Core Competencies scale to measure 8 core competencies of nursing students in Taiwan. The study employed factor analysis and Mokken scaling analysis for psychometric testing of this instrument between a group of nursing graduates and their evaluators. The results indicated that the Nursing Students Core Competencies scale has demonstrated evidence of internal consistency, structural validity, unidimensionality, and a hierarchy of items for students' self-assessment and instructor's rating. The use of Mokken scaling analysis extends the knowledge of developing competence assessment tools; it can be used to reveal the domains or items of competency nursing students perceive that are easy or difficult, providing information for curricular design. PMID:23644266

Perng, Shoa-Jen; Watson, Roger

2013-01-01

460

Domains of competency to stand trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempts to improve the clinical rigor of competency to stand trial evaluations have resulted in the development of several psycholegal measures. Among the most widely used of these measures are the Competency Screening Test (CST), the Fitness Interview Test (FIT), and the Georgia Court Competency Test—Mississippi State Hospital Revision (GCCT-MSH). To examine the theoretical domains of the competency construct as

R. Michael Bagby; Robert A. Nicholson; Richard Rogers; David Nussbaumt

1992-01-01

461

Law Enforcement. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for law enforcement. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

462

Dairy Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for dairy producers. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

463

Poultry Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a poultry producer program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

464

Swine Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a swine producer program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability skills…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

465

US Urban Teachers' Perspectives of Culturally Competent Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health disparities related to food choices, nutrition behaviours and smoking habits in urban communities in the United States signal the importance of health education (HE) in schools, yet educators in urban communities face unique cultural challenges often unaddressed in professional development (PD). The purpose of this study was to use a…

Flory, Sara B.; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Murphy, Anne; Blum, Barbara; Wisdom, Kimberlydawn

2014-01-01

466

The Spirit of Culture: Applying Cultural Competency to Strength-Based Youth Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applying the research-based developmental assets list of 40 positive relationships, experiences, and values as a framework for positive youth development provides communities with a set of factors associated with increased healthy behaviors and fewer high-risk behaviors. Beginning with a question regarding the applicability of this model for youth…

Lucero, Maria Guajardo

467

The Development of Grammatical Competence through Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the findings of a study which set out to examine the role that consciousness raising (CR) plays in grammatical development in synchronous computer-mediated communication (SCMC). Students participated in weekly SCMC sessions. Spanish L2 forms "por/para" and "ser/estar" were chosen, and the data from two groups--form-and-meaning…

Fiori, Melissa L.

2005-01-01

468

Higher Education for National Development: Quality Assurance and Fostering Global Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to the impact of globalization on delivering education and the increasing need to adapt to the needs of economic and social life, higher education institutions (HEI) effectiveness is depending on the use of technology and contribution to national development. While increasing access to higher education remains to be an important…

Magzan, Masa; Aleksic-Maslac, Karmela

2011-01-01

469

Decorating with Arrows: Toward the Development of Representational Competence in Organic Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much effort has been expended in developing improved methods for presenting mechanistic thinking and the curved-arrow notation to organic chemistry students; however, most of these techniques are not research-based. The little research that has been conducted has mainly focused on understanding the meaning that students associate with the…

Grove, Nathaniel P.; Cooper, Melanie M.; Rush, Kelli M.

2012-01-01

470

Towards the comparison of competence of typical Chinese economic development zones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviewing the history and background of 4 typical Chinese economic development zone (new area), this paper reveals the 4 new areas' differences in the regional economic growth and its driving factors based on Shift-Share model, as well compares the competitive advantages and disadvantages of the 4 cities' new area. Moreover, based on the processed data, we have offer corresponding conclusions

Yonghong Zhan; Yanchao Xiong

2011-01-01

471

Developing Foreign Language Skills, Competence and Identity through a Collaborative Creative Writing Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of a collaborative creative writing project on identity formation and overall language proficiency development among advanced Hebrew students. In an exercise called "The Zoning Committee", college students created the fictional Israeli-American town of Beit Shemesh, located in northern Michigan. Qualitative data…

Feuer, Avital

2011-01-01

472

English as a Lingua Franca and the Development of Pragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing interest in English as a lingua franca (ELF) has resulted in a notable increase in the amount of empirical research that attempts to describe the nature of ELF interactions. This article looks at the pedagogical implications of this research in the wider context of other developments in pedagogical pragmatics. It proposes three types of…

Murray, Neil

2012-01-01

473

The Systematic Design, Development, and Evaluation of Competency-Based Instructional Materials for Employability Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described in this paper is the development and evaluation of the Employability Skills Series by the Florida Department of Education, 1975-1977. Focusing on skills involved in getting and keeping any job, the series is intended for use with secondary students and adults and is on approximately a fifth grade reading level. It consists of six student…

Kromhout, Ora M.; And Others

474

Mothers as Mediators of Meaning in the Development of Cognitive Competence in Egyptian Preschool Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely accepted that within certain biological limits, a child's development emerges out of a continuous and increasingly complex interaction with significant people in his or her environment. Mothers and other significant adults, as experienced members of the culture, may be viewed as mediators and tutors who transmit cultural knowledge and…

von der Lippe, Anna Louise; Hartmann, Ellen

475

Developing Competency-Based Methods for Near-Real-Time Air Combat Problem Solving Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Air combat scenarios present unique problems where the solution is not obvious. An advanced networked simulation environment can be used to train high-level cognitive air combat skills such as problem solving. A problem in the development of principled an...

B. T. Schreiber D. H. Andrews J. W. Bennett

2002-01-01

476

The Development of ESD-Related Competencies in Supportive Institutional Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany--in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations--one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping…

de Haan, Gerhard

2010-01-01

477

The Development of Basic Competencies for Sustainability in Higher Education: An Educational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing paradigms, which are deeply rooted in our educational systems, are fomenting unsustainable development. For this reason, it is necessary to opt for a style of education that allows university students to be aware of the need to live in a different way and be aware of our absolute dependency on our natural environment. This goal requires…

Hidalgo, Luis Amador; Fuentes, Juan Manuel Arjona

2013-01-01

478

Model Procedure for Developing and Administering Competency Exams in Occupational/Technical Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a project report and procedures manual from a project in which a group of junior colleges and postsecondary technical schools in Texas developed, pilot tested, and disseminated performance criterion-referenced occupational examinations for technical occupations. The report describes how teachers and industry personnel…

Ingram, David; And Others

479

Foundations for Teaching Excellence: Connecting Early Childhood Quality Rating, Professional Development, and Competency Systems in States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving teacher quality in early education is a major part of ensuring young children's school readiness and closing the achievement gap. This is the book decision-makers and administrators need to begin developing coordinated, effective teacher quality systems--ones that not only get teachers ready for the classroom, but also promote continuous…

Howes, Carollee, Ed.; Pianta, Robert C., Ed.

2011-01-01

480

First Things First: Developing Academic Competence in the First Year of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perhaps two-thirds of the gains students make in knowledge and cognitive skill development occur in the first 2 years of college (Pascarella, E. T., and Terenzini, P. T. (2005). How college affects students Vol. 2. A third decade of research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass). A significant proportion of the students entering America's colleges and…

Reason, Robert D.; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Domingo, Robert J.

2006-01-01

481

Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

Paulson, Edward

2011-01-01

482

Developing an information systems strategy for nursing.  

PubMed

With the rapidly changing health care environment and information technology advances, organizations need to engage in strategic, planned change in order to allocate limited resources, achieve the organization's goals, and fulfill its mission [1]. One of the most important aspects of the organization's planned strategies for change concerns the information systems. The involvement of the nursing department in this process is critical. This poster presentation will communicate how nurses can develop an information systems strategic plan that will enable them to play an active role as contributors and vital participants in the strategic and business planning processes for information systems. This information systems strategy for nursing will: a) provide direction and purpose, b) guide nursing in identifying the kinds of information technology needed, c) assist in timely implementation of a system that supports nursing, and d) identify desired outcomes and benefits of an information system. The nursing information systems plan must be built on, and support, the organization's mission and business plan and integrate into the over-all information systems plans [2]. Components of the nursing strategic plan include the nursing mission statement and vision, an assessment of the current environment to identify supporting technology needed to achieve the nursing vision, expectations/anticipated outcomes, environmental considerations, and special staffing/expertise considerations. The nursing vision and mission statement is an articulation of the overall direction and purpose of the nursing organization. An assessment of the nursing organization, problem areas, opportunities for growth, the physical environment, existing systems, communications requirements, and resources is carried out to help identify areas where new technologies and automated methods of managing information could be applied. Special staffing and expertise not currently available in the organization, but necessary to the successful implementation of the plan, should be identified, and plans for filling those needs should be included in the planning and prioritization process. Based on the mission and assessment findings, goals or anticipated outcomes are developed. These goals must be realistic, financially feasible, and logistically achievable; they should also provide direction for action and decision-making [3]. Measurable objectives and detailed action plans can then be developed from these goals when implementation of this aspect of the strategic plan is begun. It is especially important, even at a strategic planning level, to consider change management techniques, including specific steps to involve individuals who will be affected by the change and to ensure open communication throughout the process. Efforts to collaborate with all affected departments and to offer input and educational opportunities to the various members of the health care team should be included in the strategic plan. A business plan describing the mission, goals, and objectives for a specific system implementation is the final step in the strategic planning process. The business plan includes expected outcomes and cost justification and may be done in cooperation with other departments (in the organization) that will be involved with this system. The business plan is used to communicate the information system's needs to the administration and governing board of the organization. With a good information systems strategy, nursing will be prepared to make more timely and better informed decisions related to applying information technology within the nursing department. The end results of this planning should be evident in the improved utilization of information technology to support the nursing vision and mission. PMID:8591465

Callanan, K M; Hughes, S J

1995-01-01

483

36 CFR 219.5 - Information development and interpretation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Information development and interpretation. 219... § 219.5 Information development and interpretation...the scope of information development and interpretation for...conditions, their relationship to sustainability, and the principal...

2010-07-01

484

Information Systems and Development in the Third World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the relationship between information and development in Third World countries highlights information systems development in four South Asian nations: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. The impact of microelectronics technology, development theories, multinational corporations, international information agencies, and…

Heitzman, James

1990-01-01

485

Metacognitively competent reading comprehension is constructively responsive reading: how can such reading be developed in students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the metacognitive processes in which good readers engage before, during, and after reading and the\\u000a strategies instruction that fosters these processes. Benchmark School, a school in Media, PA for struggling readers, is provided\\u000a as an example of how a grades 1–8, across-the-curriculum strategies program was developed based on the research of the late\\u000a 1980s and early 1990s

Michael Pressley; Irene W. Gaskins

2006-01-01

486

Neoclassical theory versus new economic geography: competing explanations of cross-regional variation in economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses data for 255 NUTS-2 European regions over the period 1995–2003 to test the relative explanatory performance\\u000a of two important rival theories seeking to explain variations in the level of economic development across regions, namely\\u000a the neoclassical model originating from the work of Solow (Q J Econ 70:65–94, 1956) and the so-called Wage equation, which\\u000a is one of

Bernard Fingleton; Manfred M. Fischer

2010-01-01

487

Presuming Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At least since the early 1990s, educators in inclusive schooling as well as scholars in Disability Studies have critiqued prevailing notions of intellectual ability and have suggested the importance of interpretive communities for constructing student competence (Biklen, 1990; Goode, 1992, 1994; Kliewer, 1998; Kluth, 2003; Linneman, 2001). This…

Biklen, Douglas; Burke, Jamie

2006-01-01

488

On the Development of Human Representational Competence from an Evolutionary Point of View: From Episodic to Virtual Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Via computational media, humans are entering a fifth stage of cognitive development leading to a virtual culture. This culture is seen as replacing the writing-based theoretic culture. Background information about the first four stages of mental evolution or cognitive development is provided. It is suggested that the evolutionary perspective needs…

Kaput, James J.

489

Negotiating Competing Goals in the Development of an Urban Ecology Practitioner Inquiry Community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teacher learning communities are hailed by many as vehicles for reforming and elevating the professional status of teaching. While much research explores teacher community as a venue for measurable gains, our research examines the orientation of practitioner inquiry toward critical debate about effective instruction. Specifically, our study focuses on a group of middle and high school teachers who worked with a nonprofit organization to engage students in urban environmental field investigations. Teachers met regularly as a community with the common goal of teaching urban ecology in an outdoor setting. We collected interview data from members of the teacher community, and we observed teacher interaction during a meeting of the practitioner inquiry group. Interview results indicated that while the nonprofit aimed to support collaborative dialogue and self-critique, participants saw the community mainly as a venue for pursuing short-term goals, such as receiving new resources or socializing with colleagues. Observation data, however, suggested that the community was taking early steps toward building an environment oriented toward critical discussion. Juxtaposing results from our interviews and observations, we discuss the challenges communities face when they seek to develop shared beliefs and deal openly with conflict. Ultimately, we suggest that organizers of collaborative learning environments should work to actively develop structures for building the organizational trust necessary to support civil critique.

Piazza, Peter; McNeill, Katherine L.

2013-11-01

490

Information spreading and development of cultural centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The historical interplay between societies is governed by many factors, including in particular the spreading of languages, religion, and other symbolic traits. Cultural development, in turn, is coupled to the emergence and maintenance of information spreading. Strong centralized cultures exist due to attention from their members, whose faithfulness in turn relies on the supply of information. Here we discuss a culture evolution model on a planar geometry that takes into account aspects of the feedback between information spreading and its maintenance. Features of the model are highlighted by comparing it to cultural spreading in ancient and medieval Europe, where it suggests in particular that long-lived centers should be located in geographically remote regions.

Dybiec, Bart?omiej; Mitarai, Namiko; Sneppen, Kim

2012-05-01

491

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

492

75 FR 57102 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting; Correction AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2010-09-17

493

75 FR 55625 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2010-09-13

494

76 FR 40768 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2011-07-11

495

76 FR 70804 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2011-11-15

496

77 FR 13172 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2012-03-05

497

76 FR 53993 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2011-08-30

498

77 FR 30044 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2012-05-21

499

Developing and implementing competence-based recruitment and selection in a social services department – A case study of West Sussex County Council  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports and evaluates how a traditional approach to recruitment and selection in the Social Services Department of West Sussex County Council was superseded by a competency-based approach. The authors discuss the impacts of external and internal changes on the local authority and the need to develop less subjective and more effective methods of recruitment and selection, at all

David Farnham; Amanda Stevens

2000-01-01

500

How Chinese College Students Make Sense of Foreign Films and TV Series: Implications for the Development of Intercultural Communicative Competence in ELT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Films and TV series are widely used to support teaching in English language classrooms. They are seen largely as a source of authentic language, as a way of motivating students or as a means of conveying knowledge about another culture. There is less emphasis on their use as a focus for developing intercultural competence. This is particularly the…

Yang, Linda Hui; Fleming, Mike

2013-01-01