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1

Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

2

Competing Through Information Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the competition between sellers who choose how much information to provide to potential buyers. We analyse the symmetric equilibria in information provision of a game in which two sellers with unit supplies compete to attract two buyers with unit demands. Sellers compete ex ante; they commit to a level of information provision and to a sale mechanism

Jean Guillaume Forand

2007-01-01

3

Towards agile competence development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses our approach to competence development where learners can have on-demand access to competences by taking part in a currency-free competence exchange scheme. The main idea covered in this paper is to integrate lightweight competence management features within a collaborative social media platform. Our focus was to keep the entry barrier to using the system as low as

Freddy Limpens; Denis Gillet

2012-01-01

4

Core Competencies in Information Management Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses core competencies in library and information science and in information systems to use as a background for an examination of core competencies in information management. Suggests a set of core competencies and educational outcomes that might be applied to curricula in both developed and developing countries. (Author/LRW)

Gorman, G. E.; Corbitt, B. J.

2002-01-01

5

Developing Culturally Competent Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue examines multicultural aspects of services provided by agencies concerned with children's mental health. The lead article is titled "Developing Culturally Competent Organizations" by James L. Mason. This article uses the cultural competence model to discuss an organization's self-evaluation and its planning in the areas of…

Focal Point, 1994

1994-01-01

6

Informed Consent and Competency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical issues related to informed consent and competency are present in all areas of medicine and are, quite possibly, the\\u000a most relevant in the disciplines of psychiatry and neurology. The very nature of the specialty (involving disease of mind\\u000a or brain) often calls into question the ability of the patient to understand the medical procedures or treatment that are\\u000a being

David Naimark; Laura Dunn; Ansar Haroun; Grant Morris

7

Business Information Systems. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) for business information systems is an employer-verified competency list that evolved from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) job analysis process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives throughout Ohio. The competency list consists of 10 units: (1) data…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

8

A Review of Informal Learning Literature, Theory and Implications for Practice in Developing Global Professional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informal learning's roots emerged from educational philosophers John Dewey, Kurt Lewin and Mary Parker Follett to theorists Malcolm Knowles and other successive researchers. This paper explores the background and definitions of informal learning and applications to the global workplace. Informal learning's challenges are applied to developing

Conlon, Thomas J.

2004-01-01

9

Developing Professionally Competent Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An agricultural teacher educator states that one of the most important tasks facing agricultural educators is the determination and refinement of the competencies required of teachers. Also necessary is the determination of how these competencies are best acquired and evaluated to assure high quality standards. (JH)

Tulloch, Rodney W.

1978-01-01

10

Developing Competence at Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we explore the relationship between differing conceptualisations of competence, and the implications of these differences for the enacted workplace curriculum and its pedagogical epistemologies. We argue that when competence is understood as a set of stand-alone attributes that reside within an individual, it limits and over…

Bound, Helen; Lin, Magdalene

2013-01-01

11

Ranking Competencies for Software Developers in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to prioritize\\/rank 12 existing software developer competencies and to find the pattern correlation among these competencies. A survey was designed to elicit responses from a target group (N=350) of software developers, system analysts, lecturers in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), ICT managers and others related to software industry (e.g. information technologist, software architect, computer

Nantaporn Booneka; Paiboon Kiattikomol

2008-01-01

12

Organisational Learning and Competence Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Builds a model of competence development based on organizational learning theory. Proposes a typology of competence: a single technology and a few people, interwoven technologies in a larger unit, and complex systems connecting many people and units. Adapts a Johari window model for understanding organizational learning. (Contains 44 references.)…

Drejer, Anders

2000-01-01

13

Regulation of Competence Development in Haemophilus influenzae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of competence for DNA uptake by the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae is tightly regulated, and expression of the cell's complement of competence genes is absolutely dependent on the cAMP–CRP complex. A second regulator of competence may maximize competence under starvation conditions. Several investigators have recently identified a consensus sequence (competence regulatory element, CRE) in the promoter regions of some competence

LEAH P. MACFADYEN

2000-01-01

14

The information below describes certain knowledge and skills, competencies, which graduate students should develop during their graduate career. Some competencies overlap in more than one category. Depending on your field and your chosen career path, cert  

E-print Network

a course, implement activities, and assess student learning. Ability to be pro-active, self-motivated resources to support academic development Attend TA orientation & teaching workshops Plan researchThe information below describes certain knowledge and skills, competencies, which graduate students

Crews, Stephen

15

Promoting Information Competency in Biological Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article contains a variety of activities to help improve the information competency skills of biological psychology students. These skills allow students to identify appropiate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically.

Laura Freberg, Gayle Brosnan-Watters (California Polytechnic State University, Slippery Rock University;)

2005-05-17

16

Developing intercultural competence through videogames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective intercultural collaboration requires intercultural competence. Intercultural competence involves awareness of the differences between cultures, knowledge about the beliefs, values, and practices of other cultures, and the skill to apply that knowledge effortlessly and effectively in interpersonal interactions. Acquiring intercultural competence can involve intensive study of the target culture, as well as immersion in social milieu of the target culture.

W. Lewis Johnson

2009-01-01

17

Developing cultural competence in palliative care.  

PubMed

Increasing ethnic or cultural diversity in the population served by health-care services requires improved competence and updated provision. Both individual staff and institutions need to reflect on and prepare to meet new challenges. Three key elements-reflective self-awareness, knowledge of others, and skills in managing difference-must be developed. Recognition of diversity and a database of appropriate information are essential for both workers and management of organisations. Above all, some preparedness for continual change and learning is essential. This article provides some suggestions and examples to assist with this. PMID:24514110

McGee, Paula; Johnson, Mark R D

2014-02-01

18

Developing a Framework for Communication Management Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a hierarchical needs assessment model developed by Hunt we identified the essential competencies of communication management practitioners for the purpose of curriculum development and selection. We found that the underlying values of the profession were embodied in two superordinate goals. Six major competencies were identified, which were…

Jeffrey, Lynn Maud; Brunton, Margaret Ann

2011-01-01

19

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

20

Scanning probe microscopy competency development  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project collaborators developed an ultra-high vacuum scanning tunneling microscope (UHV-STM) capability, integrated it with existing scanning probe microscopes, and developed new, advanced air-based scanning force techniques (SPMs). Programmatic, basic, and industrially related laboratory research requires the existence of SPMs, as well as expertise capable of providing local nano-scale information. The UHV-STM capability, equipped with load-lock system and several surface science techniques, will allow introduction, examination, and reaction of surfaces prepared under well-controlled vacuum conditions, including the examination of morphology and local bonding associated with the initial stages of film growth under controlled growth conditions. The resulting capabilities will enable the authors to respond to a variety of problems requiring local characterization of conducting and nonconducting surfaces in liquids, air, and UHV.

Hawley, M.E.; Reagor, D.W.; Jia, Quan Xi [and others

1998-12-31

21

How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

2009-01-01

22

How scientists develop competence in visual communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visuals (maps, charts, diagrams and illustrations) are an important tool for communication in most scientific disciplines, which means that scientists benefit from having strong visual communication skills. This dissertation examines the nature of competence in visual communication and the means by which scientists acquire this competence. This examination takes the form of an extensive multi-disciplinary integrative literature review and a series of interviews with graduate-level science students. The results are presented as a conceptual framework that lays out the components of competence in visual communication, including the communicative goals of science visuals, the characteristics of effective visuals, the skills and knowledge needed to create effective visuals and the learning experiences that promote the acquisition of these forms of skill and knowledge. This conceptual framework can be used to inform pedagogy and thus help graduate students achieve a higher level of competency in this area; it can also be used to identify aspects of acquiring competence in visual communication that need further study.

Ostergren, Marilyn

23

Impact of Placement Type on the Development of Clinical Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Speech-language pathology students gain experience and clinical competency through clinical education placements. However, currently little empirical information exists regarding how competency develops. Existing research about the effectiveness of placement types and models in developing competency is generally descriptive and based…

Sheepway, Lyndal; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

2014-01-01

24

School Psychology Program School Based Practicum Competency Development Plan  

E-print Network

1 School Psychology Program School Based Practicum Competency Development Plan Practicum Contract ___________________________________________________________________ Competencies Plan of Practicum Activities Competency 1.1 Formulates and conducts psychological assessments, administrators, parents, and other stakeholders in defining educational, social and emotional problems and needs

Garfunkel, Eric

25

Transmigrant Families: Intercultural and Bilingual Competences Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish-German trans-migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical-narrative approach, we reconstruct…

Gonzalez Barea, Eva Ma.; Garcia-Cano Torrico, Maria; Marquez Lepe, Esther; Ruiz Garzon, Francisca; Pozo Llorente, Ma. Teresa; Dietz, Gunther

2010-01-01

26

Learner Subjectivity and Pragmatic Competence Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A researcher undertook a study of her own second language learning progress, focusing on development of pragmatic competence in Japanese and the relationship between language and social identity while living and working in Japan. The study addressed three areas: the formal instructional context of studying Japanese in Japan; the influence of the…

LoCastro, Virginia

27

Development of an Organizational Communication Competence Instrument.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study attempted to develop an organizational communication competence scale that focuses on both communication skills as well as appropriate role behavior within an organizational communication context. A 30-item scale, later reduced to 12 items, was administered to 245 undergraduate students enrolled in a basic speech course. Responses were…

Bruning, Stephen D.

28

Entry-Level Competencies for Instructional Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of business and industrial training team supervisors and members was undertaken in order to identify the most important entry-level competencies required of instructional development specialists in a variety of business and industrial settings. The study sample of 300 was randomly selected from the approximately 2,850 members of the…

Trimby, Madeline J.

29

ICT TOOLS AND STUDENTS' COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I will present the rationale that motivates the study in an ongoing three-year project following students in school years 8 to 10. The aim is to develop the students' competence with use of ICT tools in mathematics in such a way that they will be able to choose tools for themselves, not rely just on the teacher

Anne Berit Fuglestad

2004-01-01

30

Competency Model 101. The Process of Developing Core Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mississippi Competency Model defines nurses' roles as provider (caregiver, teacher, counselor, advocate), professional (scholar, collaborator, ethicist, researcher), and manager (leader, facilitator, intrapreneur, decision maker, technology user) for four levels of nursing: licensed practical nurse, associate degree, bachelor's degree, and…

Eichelberger, Lisa Wright; Hewlett, Peggy O'Neill

1999-01-01

31

Developing leadership in healthcare administration: a competency assessment tool.  

PubMed

Despite the many graduate programs that specialize in health administration, healthcare leaders and practitioners have expressed concern about the quality of preparation of health administration graduates. The purpose of this study was to facilitate one part of an integrated approach to leadership development that spans academic and practitioner settings. The approach was to design a competency assessment tool for early careerists who have two to five years of postgraduate experience and who aspire to fill senior leadership positions in complex, provider-based healthcare organizations. Open-ended interviews with key informants and a comprehensive review of relevant literature were done to identify and categorize a set of competencies relevant to early careerists. Based on data from key informants, specific work experiences and academic courses were mapped to each competency, indicating where and how such competencies might be developed. A simple rating system was then added to assess each competency, which resulted in the completion of the tool. Finally, the tool was piloted in a practitioner setting at the Massachusetts General Hospital Administrative Fellowship Program and in an academic setting at the Yale University Health Management Program. The resulting tool includes 52 competencies categorized into four domains: (1) technical skills (operations, finance; information resources, human resources, and strategic planning/external affairs); (2) industry knowledge (clinical process and healthcare institutions); (3) analytic and conceptual reasoning; and (4) interpersonal and emotional intelligence. Early experience with the tool suggests that it can facilitate career planning among graduate students, early careerists, and their mentors. Further, the tool can help directors of both academic and practitioner programs identify strengths and gaps in their existing curricula or training programs. By offering specific competencies linked to work experiences and graduate courses, the tool is an initial step toward promoting collaborative efforts between academic and practitioner programs. PMID:11372221

Robbins, C J; Bradley, E H; Spicer, M

2001-01-01

32

Communicative Competence: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Further Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence is set out to be of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The success of the sustainable development of communicative competence requires existing concepts of communicative competence

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

33

Defining, Developing and Assessing Global Competence in Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Engineering curricula are increasingly focused on developing student competencies. Many new competencies needed by engineers today are professional skills (sometimes called the "soft skills"). Among the new competencies for engineering graduates is global competence, the ability to work knowledgeably and live comfortably in a transnational…

Lohmann, Jack R.; Rollins, Howard A.; Hoey, J. Joseph

2006-01-01

34

COMPETING WITH EQUIVOCAL INFORMATION Eduardo PEREZ-RICHET  

E-print Network

2012 Abstract This paper studies strategic disclosure by multiple senders competing for prizes awarded approach full disclosure as competition increases. Keywords: Strategic Information Transmission, Persuasion Introduction Competition is generally believed to favor information revelation. In the standard persuasion game

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

35

Competency Development and Career Success: The Mediating Role of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to unravel the relationship between competency development, employability and career success. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between employee participation in competency development initiatives, perceived support for competency development, self-perceived employability, and two indicators of subjective…

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.

2011-01-01

36

Researching the development of team competencies in computer science courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The capability to effectively work in teams has been a key competence for computer scientists for a long time. Gradually, more attention is paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula. At the University of Vienna, we have conducted and researched a number of different courses that were aimed at developing studentspsila team competencies along with subject

Kathrin Figl; Renate Motschnig

2008-01-01

37

Factors Motivating and Hindering Information and Communication Technologies Action Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information and Communication Technologies Action Competence (ICTAC) can be defined as "individuals' motivation and capacity to voluntarily employ their ICT skills for initiating or taking part in civic actions". Since academic staff and teachers in ICT related fields have crucial roles in training action-competent individuals, this study aimed to…

Kurt, Adile Askim; Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Ceylan, Beril; Kuzu, Elif Bugra; Donmez, Onur; Izmirli, Ozden Sahin

2013-01-01

38

National Occupational Competency Testing Institute Bulletin of Information for Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin describes the National Occupational Competency Testing Program, which is designed to give experienced craftsmen objective evidence of their competency in order (1) to obtain academic credit toward a degree, (2) to gain certification as an industrial teacher, or (3) to enroll in an industrial teacher education program. Information is…

National Occupational Competency Testing Inst., Albany, NY.

39

The development of core competencies for palliative care educators.  

PubMed

This article outlines the conceptual thinking and development of core competencies for a palliative care educator. It is suggested that the process of defining a common core of key skills, personal qualities and attributes that reflect the unique role of a palliative care educator can provide an indicator of the diversity and complexity of this role, which can be used by the educator and employer in job planning, review and professional development. It can also potentially inform pay remuneration that is commensurate with both experience and responsibilities. For employers there is the opportunity to use the core competencies in the appointment of suitably able educators above and beyond the requirements of a standard job description. PMID:18018817

Becker, Robert

2007-08-01

40

A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for the…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

41

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new directions for developing learning and innovation competence in international development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach:

Laxmi Prasad Pant

2012-01-01

42

Developing and implementing core competencies for integrative medicine fellowships.  

PubMed

The Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine defines integrative medicine as "the practice of medicine that reaffirms the importance of the relationship between practitioner and patient, focuses on the whole person, is informed by evidence, and makes use of all appropriate therapeutic approaches, health care professionals, and disciplines to achieve optimal health and healing." Over the past three decades, the U.S. public increasingly has sought integrative medicine approaches. In an effort to train medical professionals to adequately counsel patients on the safe and appropriate use of these approaches, medical schools and residencies have developed curricula on integrative medicine for their trainees. In addition, integrative medicine clinical fellowships for postresidency physicians have emerged to provide training for practitioners interested in gaining greater expertise in this emerging field. Currently, 13 clinical fellowships in integrative medicine exist in the United States, and they are predominantly connected to academic medical centers or teaching affiliate hospitals. In 2010, the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, represented by 56 member academic health care institutions with a shared commitment to advance the principles and practices of integrative medicine, convened a two-year task force to draft integrative medicine fellowship core competencies. These competencies would guide fellowship curriculum development and ensure that graduates possessed a common body of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. In this article, the authors discuss the competencies and the task force's process to develop them, as well as associated teaching and assessment methods, faculty development, potential barriers, and future directions. PMID:24448047

Ring, Melinda; Brodsky, Marc; Low Dog, Tieraona; Sierpina, Victor; Bailey, Michelle; Locke, Amy; Kogan, Mikhail; Rindfleisch, James A; Saper, Robert

2014-03-01

43

Information Literacy and Office Tool Competencies: A Benchmark Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present information science literature recognizes the importance of information technology to achieve information literacy. The authors report the results of a benchmarking student survey regarding perceived functional skills and competencies in word-processing and presentation tools. They used analysis of variance and regression analysis to…

Heinrichs, John H.; Lim, Jeen-Su

2010-01-01

44

Developing Cultural Competence in Human Service Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural competence assumes greater importance in the United States as international relations shift and the United States changes its own demographic makeup. Hispanics have significant health care needs and cultural beliefs that influence their acceptance of service. As part of an effort to build cultural competence in undergraduate social work…

Krajewski-Jaime, Elvia R.; And Others

45

In Practice: Using the "Developing Competency" Vector to Prepare Students for Competent Academic Major Exploration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though many programs for undecided students focus on the "developing purpose" vector, the author argues that putting purpose before competency is putting the cart before the horse. In this article, she shares practical strategies she has used to help her students at the University of Arizona reach competence in understanding the academic world.…

Galilee-Belfer, Mika

2012-01-01

46

Encouraging the development of social competence in young children  

Microsoft Academic Search

To help children develop social competence, teachers need to understand differences between popular and unpopular children, know how to assess social competence, and employ techniques which aid the development of children's social skills. In general, popular children have developed skills and strategies which allow them to interact with their peers in various situations. Unpopular children engage in behaviors which are

Janis R. Bullock

1988-01-01

47

Developing Competence Assessment Procedure for Spinal Anaesthesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional approaches of assessment in the medical domain are insufficient for evaluating trainees' technical skills. Currently, many European medical training bodies are attempting to introduce competence-based training programmes for technical skills as well as other domains (e.g., communication, professional behaviour, clinical cognition). These efforts are limited due to the absence of appropriate assessment tools. Based on Competence-based Knowledge Space Theory

Dajie Zhang; Dietrich Albert; Cord Hockemeyer; Dorothy Breen; Zsuzsanna Kulcsár; George Shorten; Annette Aboulafia; Erik Lövquist

2008-01-01

48

Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

Byrd, Terry Anthony

2001-01-01

49

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

50

A theory of developing competence with written mathematical symbols  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a theory of how competence with written mathematical symbols develops. The theory proposes a succession of cognitive processes that cumulate to yield competence: (1) connecting individual symbols with referents; (2) developing symbol manipulation procedures; (3a) elaborating procedures for symbols; (3b) routinizing the procedures for manipulating symbols; and (4) using the symbols and rules as referents for building

James Hiebert

1988-01-01

51

Knowledge Management Model: Practical Application for Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group…

Lustri, Denise; Miura, Irene; Takahashi, Sergio

2007-01-01

52

Beyond information retrieval and electronic health record use: competencies in clinical informatics for medical education  

PubMed Central

Physicians in the 21st century will increasingly interact in diverse ways with information systems, requiring competence in many aspects of clinical informatics. In recent years, many medical school curricula have added content in information retrieval (search) and basic use of the electronic health record. However, this omits the growing number of other ways that physicians are interacting with information that includes activities such as clinical decision support, quality measurement and improvement, personal health records, telemedicine, and personalized medicine. We describe a process whereby six faculty members representing different perspectives came together to define competencies in clinical informatics for a curriculum transformation process occurring at Oregon Health & Science University. From the broad competencies, we also developed specific learning objectives and milestones, an implementation schedule, and mapping to general competency domains. We present our work to encourage debate and refinement as well as facilitate evaluation in this area. PMID:25057246

Hersh, William R; Gorman, Paul N; Biagioli, Frances E; Mohan, Vishnu; Gold, Jeffrey A; Mejicano, George C

2014-01-01

53

The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

2010-01-01

54

Developing Intercultural Competence in Europe: The Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anti-racism has not played a prominent role in recent major European Union Lifelong Learning strategies. Nevertheless, its importance in Europe with increasing levels of migration has kept the concept, in the form of intercultural competence and intercultural dialogue, alive within European Education and Culture policy. This article traces the use…

Hoskins, Bryony; Sallah, Momodou

2011-01-01

55

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

56

Sense of competence questionnaire among informal caregivers of older adults with dementia symptoms: A psychometric evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Sense of Competence Questionnaire (SCQ) was originally developed for informal caregivers of patients with diagnosed dementia. In order to study the validity and usefulness of the SCQ when applied to informal caregivers of older adults with dementia symptoms (i.e. cognitive impairment, pre-diagnostic dementia or dementia in its early stages), we investigated the construct validity, feasibility, subscales, homogeneity, and

Aaltje PD Jansen; Hein PJ van Hout; Harm WJ van Marwijk; Giel Nijpels; Chad Gundy; Myrra JFJ Vernooij-Dassen; Henrica CW de Vet; François G Schellevis; Wim AB Stalman

2007-01-01

57

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

58

Development and Validation of the Educational Technologist Multimedia Competency Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to identify the multimedia competencies of an educational technologist by creating a valid and reliable survey instrument to administer to educational technology professionals. The educational technology multimedia competency survey developed through this research is based on a conceptual framework that…

Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Martin, Florence

2014-01-01

59

Competency-Based Education Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the project at Western Kentucky University were a) to serve as a data-collection agency for the National Project, b) to assist the Teacher Corps faculty in developing competency-based instruction, and c) to monitor the effectiveness of the competency-based instruction provided by the teacher education faculty. Three indicators to…

Estes, Kenneth A.

60

Cultural Competence in Health Care: Implications for Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the need for cultural competence in health care, the barriers faced by health care professionals as they attempt to deliver culturally competent care, and the implications for human resource development initiatives. Already the most ethnically diverse country in the world, the US, is experiencing dramatic increases in its ethnic mix. As Taylor (2005) notes, these changing demographics

Rosemarie Angela Taylor; Mary V. Alfred

61

Developing a Competency-based Fundamentals of Management Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes steps the authors went through to develop an innovative course in fundamentals of management communication that derives from competency-based instruction. Describes how they reviewed administrative and course parameters; identified instructional modules and generated competencies for each one; and created objectives, achievement levels,…

Murranka, Patricia A.; Lynch, David

1999-01-01

62

Information Literacy Competencies as Prerequisite for Quality in University Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a quantitative analysis of information literacy competencies level within nine universities of Lithuania. The empirical research was carried out in 2005 with a research sample of 700 respondents. Comparative analysis of the data between full-time and extramural study mode students revealed differences in the level of…

Gedviliene, Genute; Vaiciuniene, Vilhelmina

2006-01-01

63

Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Relation between Pragmalinguistic Competence and Sociopragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers' call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2011-01-01

64

Discovery of Novel Peptides Regulating Competence Development in Streptococcus mutans.  

PubMed

A MarR-like transcriptional repressor (RcrR) and two predicted ABC efflux pumps (RcrPQ) encoded by a single operon were recently shown to be dominant regulators of stress tolerance and development of genetic competence in the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans. Here, we focused on polar (?rcrR-P) and nonpolar (?rcrR-NP) rcrR mutants, which are hyper- and nontransformable, respectively, to dissect the mechanisms by which these mutations impact competence. We discovered two open reading frames (ORFs) in the 3' end of the rcrQ gene that encode peptides of 27 and 42 amino acids (aa) which are also dramatically upregulated in the ?rcrR-NP strain. Deletion of, or start codon mutations in, the ORFs for the peptides in the ?rcrR-NP background restored competence and sensitivity to competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) to levels seen in the ?rcrR-P strain. Overexpression of the peptides adversely affected competence development. Importantly, overexpression of mutant derivatives of the ABC exporters that lacked the peptides also resulted in impaired competence. FLAG-tagged versions of the peptides could be detected in S. mutans, and FLAG tagging of the peptides impaired their function. The competence phenotypes associated with the various mutations, and with overexpression of the peptides and ABC transporters, were correlated with the levels of ComX protein in cells. Collectively, these studies revealed multiple novel mechanisms for regulation of competence development by the components of the rcrRPQ operon. Given their intimate role in competence and stress tolerance, the rcrRPQ-encoded peptides may prove to be useful targets for therapeutics to diminish the virulence of S. mutans. PMID:25135217

Ahn, Sang-Joon; Kaspar, Justin; Kim, Jeong Nam; Seaton, Kinda; Burne, Robert A

2014-11-01

65

SOCIAL SOFTWARE FOR LIFELONG COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Social Software for Lifelong Competence  

E-print Network

membership (in a class, a working group, a team or a division). Social software will change the traditionalSOCIAL SOFTWARE FOR LIFELONG COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Social Software. This contribution analyzes the potential of social software tools for providing part of the required functionality

Olmedilla, Daniel

66

Intercultural Competence in Health Care Developing Skills for Interculturally Competent Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

major challenge for today's health care providers around most of the world is that culturally diverse groups comprise the largest growing segment of the patient population. Individual health care choices and outcomes must be understandable to patients in terms of their own culture and experience. Thus, health care workers are faced with the need to develop intercultural competencies that allow

Rohini Anand; Indra Lahiri

67

Cultural competence in medical education: aligning the formal, informal and hidden curricula.  

PubMed

The concept of cultural competence has become reified by inclusion as an accreditation standard in the US and Canada, in New Zealand it is demanded through an Act of Parliament, and it pervades discussion in Australian medical education discourse. However, there is evidence that medical graduates feel poorly prepared to deliver cross-cultural care (Weissman et al. in J Am Med Assoc 294(9):1058-1067, 2005) and many commentators have questioned the effectiveness of cultural competence curricula. In this paper we apply Hafferty's taxonomy of curricula, the formal, informal and hidden curriculum (Hafferty in Acad Med 73(4):403-407, 1998), to cultural competence. Using an example across each of these curricular domains, we highlight the need for curricular congruence to support cultural competence development among learners. We argue that much of the focus on cultural competence has been in the realm of formal curricula, with existing informal and hidden curricula which may be at odds with the formal curriculum. The focus of the formal, informal and hidden curriculum, we contend, should be to address disparities in health care outcomes. In conclusion, we suggest that without congruence between formal, informal and hidden curricula, approaches to addressing disparity in health care outcomes in medical education may continue to represent reform without change. PMID:24515602

Paul, David; Ewen, Shaun C; Jones, Rhys

2014-12-01

68

Preventing "Information Overdose": Developing Information-Literate Practitioners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is vital for medical practice. Considerations for continuing education planners include (1) continuous development of informatics skills; (2) certification of information competence; (3) contextualization of information literacy skills; (4) convergence of technological and information literacy; and (5) collaboration through…

Candy, Philip C.

2000-01-01

69

SCID: A Competency-Based Curriculum Development Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide structure for developing curriculum for Competency Based Education (CBE), an effective and efficient model, Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID), has been devised. SCID has five phases: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. Each of 23 components involves several steps, some optional. Phase…

Norton, Robert E.

70

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

71

Developing Competence for Nurses and Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informal caregivers--primarily family members--are the foundation of rehabilitation, chronic care, and long-term support for older persons. The growing population of older persons and the changing health care delivery system (for example, shortened hospital stays) demand more of family caregivers and increase the toll on their health. To help them…

Damron-Rodriguez, JoAnn

2008-01-01

72

Social Competency and New Product Development Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have fruitfully investigated the suc- cess factors of new product development. Most of these studies explored the phenomenon from the firm\\/team level. Little has been done from the perspective of how individuals within new prod- uct teams contribute to new product development (NPD) and its performance. Yet, any organizational output should be imputable to specific individuals, and understanding

Jifeng Mu; Gengmiao Zhang; Douglas L. MacLachlan

2011-01-01

73

Personal Development Competency Project Professional Services  

E-print Network

36 Learning resources: a professional's toolkit 53 The PDP Support Centre 54 Learning Styles 54 provision will need to become more flexible and take account of individual learning styles and circumstances. · Learning and development system Staff Learning and Development (SLD) offer a number of courses aimed

Bearhop, Stuart

74

The Development of Community Competence in the Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are expected to frequently collaborate within teacher communities in schools. This requires teacher education to prepare student teachers by developing the necessary community competence. The present study empirically investigates the extent to which teacher education programmes pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of…

Dobber, Marjolein; Vandyck, Inne; Akkerman, Sanne; Graaff, Rick de; Beishuizen, Jos; Pilot, Albert; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan

2013-01-01

75

[Mindfulness and the development of professional health competence in nursing].  

PubMed

Health competence is not only a requirement for personal health action; it is also a condition for professionalisation of health promotion. Health promotion has meanwhile become a well recognised part of nursing. This is the reason why in this study the term "health competence", which is actually very much discussed in health sciences, is presented. This concept is knowledge based (health literacy). It is focused on the ability to read, understand and work with health information to be able to do decisions in daily life which are positive for the health. An experienced-based understanding, which focuses on the ability to feel and to perceive and which is regarded as a precondition of self care, is added to this knowledge-based understanding of "health competence". The concept for this interpretation is the "Leibkonzept" which has already been discussed as a fruitful concept in nursing science in other publications. PMID:21789765

Brieskorn-Zinke, Marianne

2011-08-01

76

Robot Competence Development by Constructive Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a constructive learning approach for developing sensor-motor mapping in autonomous systems. The system's adaptation to environment changes is discussed and three methods are proposed to deal with long term and short term changes. The proposed constructive learning allows autonomous systems to develop network topology and adjust network parameters. The approach is supported by findings from psychology and neuroscience especially during infants cognitive development at early stages. A growing radial basis function network is introduced as a computational substrate for sensory-motor mapping learning. Experiments are conducted on a robot eye/hand coordination testbed and results show the incremental development of sensory-motor mapping and its adaptation to changes such as in tool-use.

Meng, Q.; Lee, M. H.; Hinde, C. J.

77

Robot Competence Development by Constructive Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a constructive learning approach for developing sensor-motor mapping in autonomous systems. The system’s adaptation to environment changes is discussed and three methods are proposed to deal with long term and short term changes. The proposed constructive learning allows autonomous systems to develop network topology and adjust network parameters. The approach is supported by findings from psychology and neuroscience especially during infants cognitive development at early stages. A growing radial basis function network is introduced as a computational substrate for sensory-motor mapping learning. Experiments are conducted on a robot eye/hand coordination testbed and results show the incremental development of sensory-motor mapping and its adaptation to changes such as in tool-use.

Meng, Q.; Lee, M. H.; Hinde, C. J.

78

Defining and assessing competencies for competency-based, outcome-focused management development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that competency-based, outcome-focused management development and education programs might benefit from redirecting the non-technical subjects away from emphasis on theories and skills, to emphasis on the decisions which managers have to make. To do this effectively, there is a need for defining the types of decisions, for organizing the knowledge and skills for making these decisions, and

Erwin Rausch; Herbert Sherman; John B. Washbush

2002-01-01

79

Sources of Competence Information and Perceived Motivational Climate among Adolescent Female Gymnasts Varying in Skill Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed whether sources of competence information varied by skill level among adolescent female gymnasts, whether perceptions of motivational climate varied by skill level, and whether sources of competence information and perceived motivational climate were related. Survey data indicated that gymnasts competing at lower levels relied on…

Halliburton, Amy L.; Weiss, Maureen R.

2002-01-01

80

PDAs bring information competence to the point-of-care.  

PubMed

The ability of nursing faculty and students to efficiently obtain accurate information at the point-of-care is a critical aspect of providing quality patient care. Personalized Digital Assistants (PDAs) can provide instant access to entire textbooks of information where it is needed most, in the dynamic learning environment of the clinical setting. With a growing trend in higher education to include instruction on information competency in the curriculum, the use of PDAs in nursing education needs to be explored. This article discusses the use of PDAs by faculty and students within one nursing program. Results from a survey of faculty and students demonstrated a clear discrepancy in their use of PDAs. Although students recognized the benefits of PDA use in the clinical setting, they did not want owning a PDA to be a program requirement. Discussed are several approaches being used to overcome identified barriers to PDA use and ownership. PMID:16646904

Altmann, Tanya K; Brady, Debra

2005-01-01

81

DEVELOPING INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCIES DURING HISTORY CLASS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present some good practices for integrating Intercultural Education in History class. The activities presented in the article are developed during the ICTime course in Seixal, Portugal. In the case of Portugal the cultural identity of our country results from an amalgam of other cultures, who Portugal has contacted with, namely in the period

Vitor Costa; Joaquim Saial; Irene Castro; Fátima Pita

2009-01-01

82

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

83

Nine Constructs of Cultural Competence for Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the self-administered Clinical Cultural Competency Questionnaire (CCCQ) and assess the perceived level of cultural competence of students in Xavier University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy to guide curriculum development within the 4-year academic program. Methods The CCCQ was administrated to each class of pharmacy students during spring 2009. Exploratory factor analysis with principal components and varimax rotation was conducted to build the constructs explaining the factors measuring students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Results Nine factors, including 46 items extracted from the CCCQ and explaining 79% of the total variance, were found as the best fit to measure students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Conclusions The CCCQ was found to be a practical, valid, and reliable self-assessment instrument to measure the perceived level of pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and encounters in cross-cultural environments. The questionnaire allowed the identification of students' needs for training in cultural competence and the development of a curriculum tailored to satisfy those needs. PMID:21436922

Brookover, Cecile; Kennedy, Kathleen

2010-01-01

84

Pedagogical Catalysts of Civic Competence: The Development of a Critical Epistemological Model for Community-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Democratic problem-solving necessitates an active and informed citizenry, but existing research on service-learning has shed little light on the relationship between pedagogical practices and civic competence outcomes. This study developed and tested a model to represent that relationship and identified pedagogical catalysts of civic competence

Stokamer, Stephanie

2013-01-01

85

Generative Adaptation and Reuse of Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional engineering provides methods to conduct the design and adaptation of competence development programmes by the combination of diverse learning components (i.e. units of learning, learning activities, learning resources and learning services). It occurs through an established process workflow in which models with diverse levels of…

Dodero, Juan Manuel; Zarraonandia, Telmo; Fernandez, Camino; Diez, David

2007-01-01

86

Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When two or more languages are part of a child's world, we are presented with a rich opportunity to learn something about language in general and about how the mind works. In this book, Norbert Francis examines the development of bilingual proficiency and the different kinds of competence that come together in making up its component parts. In…

Francis, Norbert

2011-01-01

87

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

88

Peer Advising: An Opportunity for Leadership and Competency Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer advising is one model for delivering advising services. This article describes peer advising in the Human Service Program at the University of Tennessee. Students who serve as peer advisors provide a needed service, contribute to the human service program through their leadership, and benefit from developing competence consistent within the…

Diambra, Joel F.

2003-01-01

89

Performing Japanese Business Culture: Developing Sociolinguistic Competence through "Application Performance."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Application Performance," a supplemental drill in the Japanese language program at Oregon State University, is described as a way to develop students' communicative competence. The approach is a type of role play, with pairs of students preparing a dialogue according to a situation provided by the instructor and then performed in class.…

Nakajima, Setsuko

90

Expertise, Competence and Reflection in the Rhetoric of Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the rhetorical work done by discourses of professional development in education. In particular it outlines the ways in which the rhetoric of technical expertise, competence and reflective practice are deployed to mobilise professional practices and identities in particular ways and position certain practices and dispositions…

Edwards, Richard; Nicoll, Katherine

2006-01-01

91

Credibility and Competence: Key Characteristics of Development Communicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agricultural extension systems in the developing countries have, with few exceptions, failed to increase agricultural productivity adequately. Many of the change agent failures can be traced to their lack of credibility. They are not trusted or respected because farmers have learned that many are not technically competent. Good agricultural…

Byrnes, Francis C.

92

Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk…

Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine

93

Developing Literacy and Literacy Competence: Challenges for Foreign Language Departments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides a dialogue between two teachers that challenges philosophical and practical divisions both inside and outside the academy regarding the development of literacy and literary competence in foreign language departments. It also describes curricular revisions at their institution that address those divisions. One teacher crafts…

Byrnes, Heidi; Kord, Susanne

94

Motivating Law Students to Develop Competent Legal Research Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a recent survey indicate that most law students do not consider learning legal research skills important. This article addresses ways in which academic law librarians can help counter negative attitudes toward legal research. The article also contains suggestions for helping motivate law students to develop competent legal research skills. The author encourages academic law librarians to assert

Kory D. Staheli

1995-01-01

95

Barclay's Approach To Developing and Measuring Competence via Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Training Development Group of Barclays Bank (United Kingdom) was formed in 1989 to design cost effective training for the banks employees. Describes the bank's "systems approach" to training design: the training needs analysis, identification of performance competences, determination of behavioral objectives, selection of instructional…

Christian-Carter, Judith

1992-01-01

96

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based…

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

97

Principles for Developing Competency-Based Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 US college/university policy agenda, "Making College Affordable: A Better Agenda for the Middle Class," highlighted the role of developing technologies, institutional curriculum-design processes, and new delivery methods as keys to providing quality, affordable postsecondary education. Competency-based education (CBE) is given…

Johnstone, Sally M.; Soares, Louis

2014-01-01

98

The Challenges in Developing VET Competencies in E-Commerce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A formative evaluation was begun of an innovative project funded by the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) to develop competencies and qualifications in e-commerce. The formative evaluation was designed to focus on inputs, processes, and interim outputs, identifying both good practice and areas for improvement. Findings to date…

Mitchell, John

99

Developing Psychiatric Competence during Medical Education and Internship: Contributing Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study describes the learning process in psychiatry of medical students through their clerkship and internship, It focused upon the development of students' attitudes to psychiatry, subjective psychiatric competence and self-confidence. The relationships between the participants' background, aspects of the learning environment, their attitudes…

Hoifodt, Tordis Sorensen; Olstad, Reidun; Sexton, Hal

2007-01-01

100

Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

2012-01-01

101

Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-ba sed learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2006-01-01

102

Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2006-01-01

103

Developing competencies for remote and rural senior allied health professionals in Western Australia.  

PubMed

Competency frameworks are an increasingly popular clinical governance, performance management, and professional development tool in health care. However, to date there is a dearth of information relating to competencies for allied health professionals (AHPs) working in remote and rural environments. This project aimed to develop a competency framework for senior level AHPs across a core of allied health professions in remote and rural Western Australia. The framework was designed to be used by individual AHPs to identify areas of professional proficiency and weakness, by staff managing senior AHPs when undertaking performance development processes, and by an organisation to identify common areas of need among disciplines that can be addressed through targeted support strategies. PMID:19382829

Lin, Ivan B; Beattie, Nicole; Spitz, Suzanne; Ellis, Alexandra

2009-01-01

104

Information Needs and Information Competencies: A Case Study of the Off-Site Supervision of Financial Institutions in Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The paper deals with the identification of the information needs and information competencies of a professional group. Theoretical basis: A theoretical relationship between information needs and information competencies as subjects is proposed. Three dimensions are examine: cognitive, affective and situational. The recognition of an…

Miranda, Silvania V.; Tarapanoff, Kira M. A.

2008-01-01

105

Competence Development in the Public Sector: Development, or Dismantling of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular, competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing…

Hjort, Katrin

2008-01-01

106

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos  

PubMed Central

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

107

Developing a Competence-Based Teacher Education Programme in Swaziland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational educators in Swaziland identified professional competencies in focus group workshops. These competencies and additional ones identified in a literature review were refined into 11 competence areas needed by teachers of practical studies (agriculture, commercial, home economics, and technical). (SK)

Mndebele, Comfort B. S.

1997-01-01

108

Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs—Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a summarization of the report, Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs, the final report for phase 2 of the SPSP (DOE workforce study) project.

O'Neil, Lori Ross; Assante, Michael; Tobey, D. H.; Conway, T. J.; Vanderhorst, Jr, T. J.; Januszewski, III, J.; Leo, R.; Perman, K.

2013-07-01

109

Development of Cultural Competence in Experienced Physical Therapists: Exploring the Influence of  

E-print Network

Development of Cultural Competence in Experienced Physical Therapists: Exploring the Influence of Patient-Centered Attitudes Introduction Department of Physical Therapy & Human Movement Sciences the history. (PT 10) For all participants, experiential learning influenced development of cultural competence

Chisholm, Rex L.

110

Competencies for Financial Aid Officers: A Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial aid officers play a vital role in assisting prospective and current college students in enrolling and graduating from college. This study explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of thirty competencies was distributed to 508 practicing financial aid officers in the Western United…

Woolf, Michael Neil

2012-01-01

111

Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide facultywith opportunities to develop  

E-print Network

Literacy Skills in the Broadcast Curriculum: Teaching Digital Journalism Students the ImportanceInformation Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide to Information Literacy Competencies. As of fall 2014, seventy-six grants have been awarded. Projects have

112

Development of Antimicrobial Competencies and Training for Staff Hospital Pharmacists  

PubMed Central

Antimicrobial stewardship is an important component in health care outcomes of all patients. Many institutions are seeking the best methods to incorporate antimicrobial stewardship strategies into their hospitals including pharmacy services. Multiple factors should be considered when beginning or expanding an antimicrobial stewardship program. The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of basic antibiotic competencies and training for staff pharmacists in a community hospital. The article includes an assessment of pharmacists’ knowledge pre education and post education, perception of benefits from an antibiotic education program, and learning needs and preferences. PMID:24421561

Crader, Marsha F.

2014-01-01

113

Unfolding multicourse case study: developing students' administrative competencies.  

PubMed

Providing students with learning opportunities that integrate disparate data into meaningful constructs can be a challenge for faculty. The author discusses an unfolding case study that provided simulated learning opportunities related to administrative student competencies, staged to increase in complexity and scope over time while affording multiple student evaluation opportunities. A hybrid delivery format was used, including Blackboard Learn e-technology, to support individual student assignments and small group collaboration, cloud technology for shared student document development, Excel budget manipulation, and face-to-face classroom interactions. PMID:24157671

Porter-Wenzlaffs, Linda J

2013-01-01

114

Emotional Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

The concept of emotional competence as a positive youth development construct is reviewed in this paper. Differences between emotional intelligence and emotional competence are discussed and an operational definition is adopted. Assessment methods of emotional competence with an emphasis on its quantitative nature are introduced. In the discussion of theories of emotional competence, the functionalist and developmental perspectives and the relationships with positive youth development are highlighted. Possible antecedents, especially the influence of early child-caregiver, and expected outcomes of emotional competence are examined. Practical ways to promote emotional competence among adolescents, particularly the role of parents and teachers, and the future direction of research are also discussed. PMID:22666176

Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

115

Competence to Waive Interrogation Rights and Adjudicative Competence in Adolescent Defendants: Cognitive Development, Attorney Contact, and Psychological Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative\\u000a competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal\\u000a capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male\\u000a and female defendants aged 11–17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation

Jodi L. Viljoen; Ronald Roesch

2005-01-01

116

Development of a State-Wide Competency Test for Marketing Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to develop a valid, competency-referenced test on the core competencies identified for the Missouri Fundamentals of Marketing curriculum. During the project: (1) multiple-choice test items based on the core competencies in the Fundamentals of Marketing curriculum were developed; (2) instructions for onsite administration of…

Smith, Clifton L.

117

The process of developing and validating national core competencies for diabetes educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Core Competencies for Diabetes Educators were developed on behalf of the Australian Diabetes Educators Association between July 1994 and November 1995. This paper traces the development of the competencies including the rationale for undertaking the project, the process involved and the measures taken to ensure their relevance and validity. The limitations of applying the competency concept to health

Ruth Colagiuri; Jan Ritchie

1996-01-01

118

A Financial Aid Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of 30 competencies was distributed to 508 financial aid officers in the Western United States. Respondents were asked to rate 30 job competencies for their relative importance and frequency of use. Using exploratory factor analysis,…

Woolf, Neil; Martinez, Mario

2013-01-01

119

Developing a common metadata model for competencies description  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non- formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues related with the definition of a common

Demetrios G. Sampson; Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Fytros

2007-01-01

120

Developing a curriculum framework for global health in family medicine: emerging principles, competencies, and educational approaches  

PubMed Central

Background Recognizing the growing demand from medical students and residents for more comprehensive global health training, and the paucity of explicit curricula on such issues, global health and curriculum experts from the six Ontario Family Medicine Residency Programs worked together to design a framework for global health curricula in family medicine training programs. Methods A working group comprised of global health educators from Ontario's six medical schools conducted a scoping review of global health curricula, competencies, and pedagogical approaches. The working group then hosted a full day meeting, inviting experts in education, clinical care, family medicine and public health, and developed a consensus process and draft framework to design global health curricula. Through a series of weekly teleconferences over the next six months, the framework was revised and used to guide the identification of enabling global health competencies (behaviours, skills and attitudes) for Canadian Family Medicine training. Results The main outcome was an evidence-informed interactive framework http://globalhealth.ennovativesolution.com/ to provide a shared foundation to guide the design, delivery and evaluation of global health education programs for Ontario's family medicine residency programs. The curriculum framework blended a definition and mission for global health training, core values and principles, global health competencies aligning with the Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists (CanMEDS) competencies, and key learning approaches. The framework guided the development of subsequent enabling competencies. Conclusions The shared curriculum framework can support the design, delivery and evaluation of global health curriculum in Canada and around the world, lay the foundation for research and development, provide consistency across programmes, and support the creation of learning and evaluation tools to align with the framework. The process used to develop this framework can be applied to other aspects of residency curriculum development. PMID:21781319

2011-01-01

121

Helping Amreica Compete: The Role of Federal Scientific & Technical Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared in response to a request from the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, this report assesses how scientific and technical information (STI) developed by or for the Federal Government can contribute to a more competitive United States and what actions are needed to realize this potential. It is argued that STI is important…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

122

INFORMATION COMPETENCE PROGRAM Loyola College and College of Notre Dame  

E-print Network

during the summer of 2006. Design and technology will be developed over the next academic year of the Loyola/Notre Dame Library is to advance the information literacy skills of the students of Loyola College-seeking process to enhance problem-solving and decision making. Collaborate with faculty in design, delivery

Morrell, Christopher H.

123

The Documentation of Kindergarten Children's Interactional Competency in an Informal Context of the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interactional competence of 12 kindergarten children was studied through naturalistic research of their sociodramatic play in a classroom context. Data were collected by both videotape and trained observers. Contextual and interactional information was analyzed according to an Interactional Competency Checklist (ICC) designed by the author.…

Black, Janet K.

124

A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

2012-12-01

125

Health Information Literacy and Competencies of Information Age Students: Results From the Interactive Online Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA)  

PubMed Central

Background In an era of easy access to information, university students who will soon enter health professions need to develop their information competencies. The Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA) is based on the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education, and it measures proficiency in obtaining health information, evaluating the quality of health information, and understanding plagiarism. Objective This study aimed to measure the proficiency of college-age health information consumers in finding and evaluating electronic health information; to assess their ability to discriminate between peer-reviewed scholarly resources and opinion pieces or sales pitches; and to examine the extent to which they are aware of their level of health information competency. Methods An interactive 56-item online assessment, the Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA), was used to measure the health information competencies of university students. We invited 400 students to take part in the study, and 308 participated, giving a response rate of 77%. The RRSA included multiple-choice questions and problem-based exercises. Declarative and procedural knowledge were assessed in three domains: finding health information, evaluating health information, and understanding plagiarism. Actual performance was contrasted with self-reported skill level. Upon answering all questions, students received a results page that summarized their numerical results and displayed individually tailored feedback composed by an experienced librarian. Results Even though most students (89%) understood that a one-keyword search is likely to return too many documents, few students were able to narrow a search by using multiple search categories simultaneously or by employing Boolean operators. In addition, nearly half of the respondents had trouble discriminating between primary and secondary sources of information as well as between references to journal articles and other published documents. When presented with questionable websites on nonexistent nutritional supplements, only 50% of respondents were able to correctly identify the website with the most trustworthy features. Less than a quarter of study participants reached the correct conclusion that none of the websites made a good case for taking the nutritional supplements. Up to 45% of students were unsure if they needed to provide references for ideas expressed in paraphrased sentences or sentences whose structure they modified. Most respondents (84%) believed that their research skills were good, very good, or excellent. Students’ self-perceptions of skill tended to increase with increasing level of education. Self-reported skills were weakly correlated with actual skill level, operationalized as the overall RRSA score (Cronbach alpha = .78 for 56 RRSA items). Conclusions While the majority of students think that their research skills are good or excellent, many of them are unable to conduct advanced information searches, judge the trustworthiness of health-related websites and articles, and differentiate between various information sources. Students’ self-reports may not be an accurate predictor of their actual health information competencies. PMID:16867969

O'Boyle, Irene; Casey, Anne Marie

2006-01-01

126

How clinicians develop confidence in their competence in performing aspiration abortion.  

PubMed

In this article we explore how nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and nurse midwives in California (collectively referred to as clinicians) developed confidence while learning to provide vacuum aspiration abortion. We interviewed clinicians (n = 30) who worked in reproductive health care settings and had participated in a large abortion-training study. Although the training had moral and political significance for the trainees, in this article we focus on their experience of skill development and how they gained confidence and competence in aspiration abortion, a procedure typically performed by physicians. We argue that confidence is not one dimensional. Understanding the diverse ways in which clinicians arrive at confidence might inform health care training and education generally. By examining attained competency from the clinicians' perspectives, we continue the discussion within the social science of health care and medicine about how clinicians know what they know and what expertise feels like to them. PMID:24265103

Freedman, Lori; Levi, Amy

2014-01-01

127

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

128

Developing Performance Management CompetenceAn Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students’ performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback, disciplining employees, and conducting termination meetings. Procedures and assessment tools are provided for utilizing the exercise

Troy V. Mumford

2009-01-01

129

Developing the Emotional Competence of Teachers and Pupils in School Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper describes the evaluation of two training programmes, one targeted at teachers and the other at pupils, the aim of both being to improve personal and social well-being through the development of emotional competence (emotional awareness, emotional regulation, emotional autonomy, social competence and life competencies).…

Perez-Escoda, N.; Filella, G.; Alegre, A.; Bisquerra, R.

2012-01-01

130

Development and Initial Validation of Perceived Competence and Satisfaction Measures for Racquet Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and initial validation of the Racquet Sports Competence-Satisfaction Scale for measuring perceived competence and satisfaction in badminton, racquetball, and tennis is described. Results of a review panel and two field tests (with 168 and 208 university students) support the validity of the competence and satisfaction measures.…

Aguilar, Teresita E.; Petrakis, Elizabeth

1989-01-01

131

Development and Validation of the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) Self-Report Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No self-report measure of cultural competence currently exists in program evaluation. Adapting items from cultural competence measures in fields such as counseling and nursing, the researchers developed the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) self-report scale. The goals of this study were to validate the CCPE and to assess…

Dunaway, Krystall E.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Porter, Bryan E.

2012-01-01

132

Temporal Fate Specification and Neural Progenitor Competence During Development  

PubMed Central

The vast diversity of neurons and glia of the central nervous system is generated from a small, heterogeneous population of progenitors that undergo transcriptional changes during development to sequentially specify distinct cell fates. Guided by cell intrinsic and temporal extrinsic cues, invertebrate and mammalian neural progenitors carefully regulate when and how many of each cell type is produced to form functional neural circuits. Emerging evidence indicates that neural progenitors also undergo changes in global chromatin architecture, thereby restricting the duration a particular temporal cue can act. Thus, studies of temporal identity specification and progenitor competence can provide insight into how we may use neural progenitors to more effectively generate specific cell types for brain repair. PMID:24400340

Kohwi, Minoree; Doe, Chris Q.

2014-01-01

133

Information for Agricultural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the major international agricultural information services, sources, and systems; outlines the existing information situation in Tanzania as it relates to problems of agricultural development; and reviews the improvements in information provision resources required to support the process of agricultural development in Tanzania.…

Kaungamno, E. E.

134

Competence-Related Metadata for Educational Resources that Support Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the 21st Century learning and training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects--as a…

Sampson, Demetrios G.

2009-01-01

135

Competence-related Metadata for Educational Resources that Support Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the 21st Century learning and training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects - as a way to organize, manage, offer and use digital learning

Demetrios G. Sampson

2009-01-01

136

The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): development and validation of a self-reported measure that fits dimensions of emotional competence theory.  

PubMed

Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one's own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals' adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one's own and others' emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

Brasseur, Sophie; Grégoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moïra

2013-01-01

137

The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): Development and Validation of a Self-Reported Measure that Fits Dimensions of Emotional Competence Theory  

PubMed Central

Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one’s own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals’ adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one’s own and others’ emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

Brasseur, Sophie; Gregoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moira

2013-01-01

138

Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

2014-01-01

139

Behavioral competence as a positive youth development construct: conceptual bases and implications for curriculum development.  

PubMed

Behavioral competence refers to the ability to use non-verbal and verbal strategies to perform socially acceptable and normative behavior in social interactions. The main objective is to teach our children to be courteous, graceful, and fair so that they behave with respect and responsibility in social interactions with others. The importance of behavioral competence is discussed and it is emphasized that the competence to behave or act effectively must be based on a positive or prosocial motivation or disposition. The behavioral program units cover the following three types of behaviors: applause, criticism, and apology. The general goal is to foster the development of socially acceptable character, manner, and normative behavior. This paper is part of the development of the positive youth development program in Hong Kong. PMID:17068920

Ma, Hing Keung

2006-01-01

140

Developing Teacher Competences for Education for Sustainable Development through Reflection: The Environment and School Initiatives Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction to this paper gives a short overview of the Environment and Schools Initiatives (ENSI) perspective on teaching competences. We argue that as change is one of the key elements of sustainable development, reflection that helps to adapt educational practice to a continuously developing world should be a starting point for every…

Varga, Attila; Koszo, Maria Fuz; Mayer, Michela; Sleurs, Willy

2007-01-01

141

Examining human resources' efforts to develop a culturally competent workforce.  

PubMed

The increasing diversification of the nation's population poses significant challenges in providing care that meets the needs of culturally diverse patients. Human resource management plays a vital role in developing a more culturally competent workforce. This exploratory study examines current efforts by human resource directors (HRDs) in Alabama's general hospitals to recruit more diverse candidates, train staff, and make language access resources available. A questionnaire was developed based on the Office of Minority Health's Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services standards. The HRDs of the 101 Alabama general hospitals served as the study's target population. A sample of 61 responses, or 60.4% of the population, was obtained. The findings indicate that most HRDs are focusing their efforts on recruiting racially/ethnically diverse candidates and training clerical and nursing staff to care for culturally and linguistically diverse patients. Less effort is being focused on recruiting candidates who speak a different language, and only 44.3% have a trained interpreter on the staff. The HRDs who indicated that they work closely with organizations that provide support to diverse groups were more likely to recruit diverse employees and have racially/ethnically and linguistically diverse individuals in leadership positions. It is crucial that health care organizations take the necessary steps to diversify their workforce to broaden access, improve the quality and equity of care, and capture a greater market share. PMID:20436328

Whitman, Marilyn V; Valpuesta, Domingo

2010-01-01

142

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically developing children ages 4 to 14 years. Study 2 included 126 clinic-referred

Clark McKown; Laura M. Gumbiner; Nicole M. Russo; Meryl Lipton

2009-01-01

143

Developing Generic Competences in Online Virtual Education Programmes at the University of Deusto  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The current paper focuses on the increasing demand for generic competences both from governments and industries. Despite this fact, there is insufficient awareness and information in education systems on how to equip graduates with appropriate generic competences for the world of work and citizenship. This is even more complicated in…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2012-01-01

144

Vocational Education Students' Generic Working Life Competencies: Developing a Self-Assessment Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study reports on the process of developing a self-assessment instrument for vocational education students' generic working life competencies. The instrument was developed based on a competence framework and in close collaboration with several vocational education teachers and intermediary organisations offering various human…

Kyndt, Eva; Janssens, Ine; Coertjens, Liesje; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent; Van Petegem, Peter

2014-01-01

145

Professional Competence Development at the Cooper Union School of Engineering. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 3-year project was developed to increase students' abilities to perform competently as professional engineers. The project sought to infuse into existing courses concern for, practice with, and development of three competencies critical to professional success: problem-solving, communication, and value clarification. Eight elementary and…

Bussard, Ellen

146

Developing Employee Competence. Symposium 25. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three papers from a symposium on developing employee competence. The first paper, "Coaching in Organizations: Self-Assessment of Competence" (Gary N. McLean, Min-Hsun [Christine] Kuo), reports on development and pilot-testing of an instrument to identify the developmental needs of managers and peers to function more…

2000

147

Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the European…

Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

2008-01-01

148

Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those…

Baker, Susan S.; Pearson, Meredith; Chipman, Helen

2009-01-01

149

Student and Teacher Ratings of Academic Competence: An Examination of Cross-Informant Agreement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted with samples of middle and high school teachers and students to examine cross-informant agreement on the Academic Competence Evaluation Scales. Cross-informant agreement was examined using Pearson correlations and conditional probability indices. Results of Study 1 (N = 65) and Study 2 (N = 66) indicated that teacher and…

Kettler, Ryan J.; Elliott, Stephen N.; DiPerna, James C.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Reiser, Deitra; Resurreccion, Leilani

2014-01-01

150

A Proposed Design for the Business Capstone Course with Emphasis on Improving Students' Information Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business school accrediting agencies and employers increasingly demand evidence that students are mastering information competency (IC) skills. The authors present an innovative approach to inculcate IC skills in the strategic management "capstone" class, integrating cross-departmental student training in using electronic information sources,…

Gilinsky, Armand, Jr.; Robison, Richard

2008-01-01

151

Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide faculty with  

E-print Network

Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide to Information Literacy Competencies. Since 2002 (as of Fall 2011), fifty grants have been awarded. Projects have link) The following are just a selection: How Did We Get Here? Information Literacy in Understanding

152

Nurses' Competencies in Disaster Nursing: Implications for Curriculum Development and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses’ perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses’ perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses’ (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses’ perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public. PMID:24658409

Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

2014-01-01

153

Developing psychotherapists' competence through clinical supervision: protocol for a qualitative study of supervisory dyads  

PubMed Central

Background Mental health professionals face unique demands and stressors in their work, resulting in high rates of burnout and distress. Clinical supervision is a widely adopted and valued mechanism of professional support, development, and accountability, despite the very limited evidence of specific impacts on therapist or client outcomes. The current study aims to address this by exploring how psychotherapists develop competence through clinical supervision and what impact this has on the supervisees’ practice and their clients’ outcomes. This paper provides a rationale for the study and describes the protocol for an in-depth qualitative study of supervisory dyads, highlighting how it addresses gaps in the literature. Methods/Design The study of 16–20 supervisor-supervisee dyads uses a qualitative mixed method design, with two phases. In phase one, supervisors who are nominated as expert by their peers are interviewed about their supervision practice. In phase two, supervisors record a supervision session with a consenting supervisee; interpersonal process recall interviews are conducted separately with supervisor and supervisee to reflect in depth on the teaching and learning processes occurring. All interviews will be transcribed, coded and analysed to identify the processes that build competence, using a modified form of Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) strategies. Using a theory-building case study method, data from both phases of the study will be integrated to develop a model describing the processes that build competence and support wellbeing in practising psychotherapists, reflecting the accumulated wisdom of the expert supervisors. Discussion The study addresses past study limitations by examining expert supervisors and their supervisory interactions, by reflecting on actual supervision sessions, and by using dyadic analysis of the supervisory pairs. The study findings will inform the development of future supervision training and practice and identify fruitful avenues for future research. PMID:23298408

2013-01-01

154

Information Competence of Doctoral Students in Information Science in Spain and Latin America: A Self-Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was carried out with students of official doctoral programs of Information Science in four universities in Spain and Latin America with the purpose of finding out, through self-assessments, student perceptions of their own information competence. A survey was designed to determine self-perceptions of knowledge, skills and attitudes…

Pinto, Maria; Fernandez-Ramos, Andres; Sanchez, Gerardo; Meneses, Grizly

2013-01-01

155

Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of…

Kohli, Hermeet K.; Huber, Ruth; Faul, Anna C.

2010-01-01

156

Talent management – competency development: key to global leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to draw lessons on how building a talent management strategy based on competency profiling becomes a critical impact area within the field of strategic HRM. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case study discusses an Indian pharmaceutical organisation, the environment and the issues arising in context to talent management. The case discusses a well designed

Rakesh Sharma; Jyotsna Bhatnagar

2009-01-01

157

Competency Profile Development for the Marketing Education Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to revalidate, revise, and adapt/modify the minimum core competencies for the Fundamentals of Marketing and Advanced Marketing courses in secondary marketing education in Missouri. To implement the project, these activities were conducted: (1) each marketing instructor completed a survey instrument for the assessment of…

Smith, Clifton L.

158

Freehand Sketching as a Catalyst for Developing Concept Driven Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when concept driven competencies are perceived to be critical in redefining effective technological education, the introduction of Design and Communication Graphics at senior cycle in Irish high schools has broad implications. Students now have the potential to explore applied geometries, integrated with conceptual thinking in addition…

Lane, Diarmaid; Seery, Niall

2011-01-01

159

Developing Intercultural Competence through the Learning Community Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning Communities (LC) represent an alternative model of teaching and learning in higher education that can foster intercultural competence and knowledge. "Some of the distinctive features of LCs are that they are usually smaller than most units on campus, they help overcome the isolation of faculty members from one another and their students,…

Rivera-Mills, Susana V.

2010-01-01

160

Developing Teachers' Subject Didactic Competence through Problem Posing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem posing (not only in lesson planning but also directly in teaching whenever needed) is one of the attributes of a teacher's subject didactic competence. In this paper, problem posing in teacher education is understood as an educational and a diagnostic tool. The results of the study were gained in pre-service primary school teacher…

Ticha, Marie; Hospesova, Alena

2013-01-01

161

Developing project management competency: perspectives from the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project managers in today's construction industry are faced with a situation whereby the fundamental roles and functions they perform are witnessing a gradual shift in focus. To maintain their professional competency, practising project managers in construction adapt to this changing industry environment by relying on knowledge and skills acquired through training and experience. The extent to which such training enables

F. T. Edum-Fotwe; R McCaffer

2000-01-01

162

Framework for development of physician competencies in genomic medicine: report of the Competencies Working Group of the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics.  

PubMed

Completion of the Human Genome Project, in conjunction with dramatic reductions in the cost of DNA sequencing and advances in translational research, is gradually ushering genomic discoveries and technologies into the practice of medicine. The rapid pace of these advances is opening up a gap between the knowledge available about the clinical relevance of genomic information and the ability of clinicians to include such information in their medical practices. This educational gap threatens to be rate limiting to the clinical adoption of genomics in medicine. Solutions will require not only a better understanding of the clinical implications of genetic discoveries but also training in genomics at all levels of professional development, including for individuals in formal training and others who long ago completed such training. The National Human Genome Research Institute has convened the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics (ISCC) to develop and share best practices in the use of genomics in medicine. The ISCC has developed a framework for development of genomics practice competencies that may serve as a starting point for formulation of competencies for physicians in various medical disciplines.Genet Med 16 11, 804-809. PMID:24763287

Korf, Bruce R; Berry, Anna B; Limson, Melvin; Marian, Ali J; Murray, Michael F; O'Rourke, P Pearl; Passamani, Eugene R; Relling, Mary V; Tooker, John; Tsongalis, Gregory J; Rodriguez, Laura L

2014-11-01

163

Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

2014-01-01

164

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

165

Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2009-01-01

166

Learning Objects and the Development of Students' Key Competencies: A New Zealand School Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a study investigating the impact of the use of learning objects on the development of two key competencies from the revised New Zealand Curriculum Framework (Ministry of Education, 2007). It specifically focuses on the key competencies of "thinking" and "relating to others", and explores how teachers in an urban intermediate…

Falloon, Garry

2010-01-01

167

Assessing Instructor Cultural Competence in the Classroom: An Instrument and a Development Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instrument to measure instructors' cultural competence was developed using critical incidents related to classroom diversity issues. Responses were scored using the Bennett Model of Cultural Competence. The instrument can be used to measure the effectiveness of diversity training and can be adapted using locally relevant critical incidents.…

Roberson, Loriann; Kulik, Carol T.; Pepper, Molly B.

2002-01-01

168

Preparing Global Leaders: A Theoretical Model for Understanding the Development of Intercultural Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As globalization increases, organizations are seeking individuals that have developed intercultural competency (ICC) and are prepared to lead for the 21st century. Although there are competing definitions among scholars as to what characteristics (ability, attitude, awareness, behaviors, knowledge, skills, or values) make up ICC (Ang & Van…

Martinez, Cynthia Ann

2012-01-01

169

The development of skill and tactical competencies during a season of badminton  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined the development of skill competence and tactical knowledge of 41 eighth-grade students (mean age 13.6 years) as they completed a season of badminton conducted following the features of Sport Education. Using data from students’ performance on badminton skills tests, their competence in game play, and their tactical knowledge, it was determined that these students made

Peter A. Hastie; Oleg A. Sinelnikov; A. J. Guarino

2009-01-01

170

Development of general and specific teaching competencies through the educational use of ICT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper organizes around the concept of didactic competence analyzed from the perspective of educational implementation of the new ICT tools. It presents the results of a large research regarding the development of certain general and specific didactic competencies, having as a support the virtual envi- ronment offered by the new technologies. Thus, the implications of the educational use

C. Glava; A. Glava

2006-01-01

171

Competences for Sustainable Development and Sustainability: Significance and Challenges for ESD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose--The purpose of this paper is to draw attention of the education for sustainable development (ESD) community to recent discussions on competence approaches and to examine the adequacy of a competence-based model as the means of achieving educational and societal transformation towards sustainability. The paper analyses and highlights some…

Mochizuki, Yoko; Fadeeva, Zinaida

2010-01-01

172

Navigating Difference: Development and Implementation of a Successful Cultural Competency Training for Extension and Outreach Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As our world becomes more interconnected on international, domestic, and personal levels, our need to be more culturally competent increases (Samovar, Porter, & McDaniel, 2007; Ting-Toomey, 1999). Recognizing this need, Washington State University Extension sought to increase skills of its personnel by developing a set of cultural competencies

Deen, Mary Y.; Parker, Louise A.; Hill, Laura Griner; Huskey, Melynda; Whitehall, Anna P.

2014-01-01

173

Effects of Collaborative Musical Theater on the Development of Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study analyzes the social competence of university students of the Music Education Teaching Degree through variables group climate, team cohesion and social skills. The need to develop good social competence was the basis to implement a project based on the musical theater applied according to the collaborative learning…

Perez-Aldeguer, Santiago

2013-01-01

174

Developing interprofessional health competencies in a virtual world  

PubMed Central

Background Virtual worlds provide a promising means of delivering simulations for developing interprofessional health skills. However, developing and implementing a virtual world simulation is a challenging process, in part because of the novelty of virtual worlds as a simulation platform and also because of the degree of collaboration required among technical and subject experts. Thus, it can be difficult to ensure that the simulation is both technically satisfactory and educationally appropriate. Methods To address this challenge, we propose the use of de Freitas and Oliver's four-dimensional framework as a means of guiding the development process. We give an overview of the framework and describe how its principles can be applied to the development of virtual world simulations. Results We present two virtual world simulation pilot projects that adopted this approach, and describe our development experience in these projects. We directly connect this experience to the four-dimensional framework, thus validating the framework's applicability to the projects and to the context of virtual world simulations in general. Conclusions We present a series of recommendations for developing virtual world simulations for interprofessional health education. These recommendations are based on the four-dimensional framework and are also informed by our experience with the pilot projects. PMID:23195649

King, Sharla; Chodos, David; Stroulia, Eleni; Carbonaro, Mike; MacKenzie, Mark; Reid, Andrew; Torres, Lisa; Greidanus, Elaine

2012-01-01

175

Change Agent Competencies for Information Technology Project Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past few years, the project management (PM) profession has grown exponentially. Yet recent studies in the information technology (IT) sector have found that the use of PM methodologies alone does not guarantee project success. In fact, IT project success is seen to rely on the ability of project managers to be agents of change (i.e., individuals who lead

Korin A. Kendra; Laura J. Taplin

2004-01-01

176

The ABCs for pre?service teacher cultural competency development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to combine pre?service teachers' self?reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross?cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre?service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that self?reflection combining autobiography, field experiences involving the writing of student biographies, and field?based reflection

Ye He; Jewell E. Cooper

2009-01-01

177

Moral competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.  

PubMed

Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long. PMID:22629153

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

178

Competing for Attention in Social Media under Information Overload Conditions  

E-print Network

Although the many forms of modern social media have become major channels for the dissemination of information, they are becoming overloaded because of the rapidly-expanding number of information feeds. We analyze the expanding user-generated content in Sina Weibo, the largest micro-blog site in China, and find evidence that popular messages often follow a mechanism that differs from that found in the spread of disease, in contrast to common believe. In this mechanism, an individual with more friends needs more repeated exposures to spread further the information. Moreover, our data suggest that in contrast to epidemics, for certain messages the chance of an individual to share the message is proportional to the fraction of its neighbours who shared it with him/her. Thus the greater the number of friends an individual has the greater the number of repeated contacts needed to spread the message, which is a result of competition for attention. We model this process using a fractional susceptible infected recove...

Feng, Ling; Li, Baowen; Stanley, H Eugene; Havlin, Shlomo; Braunstein, Lidia A

2014-01-01

179

History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

2004-04-01

180

On Writing, Technical Communication, and Information Technology: The Core Competencies of Technical Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that working professionals and academics in technical communication should participate in activities that makes the core expertise of technical communication explicit. Discusses why technical communication needs theory. Outlines core competencies of technical communicators and argues that they have a central role to play in Information

Hart-Davidson, William

2001-01-01

181

Increasing MSW Students' Information Competencies through Online Tutorials, Application Exercises, and Course Assignments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing MSW students' information competencies was achieved through a 2-year project in which online video tutorials, in-class exercises, and course assignments were created and integrated into two required foundation courses. Tutorials demonstrated basic and advanced search techniques, online databases, and online course-specific research…

Kayser, John A.; Bowers, Jennifer; Jiang, Lin; Bussey, Marian

2013-01-01

182

Client-Based Projects and the ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The library literature contains many discussions on problem-based learning as a means of engaging students in instruction and promoting information literacy. A related but relatively unexplored opportunity is available through client-based projects. Using examples from the business education literature, library literature, and the author's experience, the author attempts to connect the consulting processes of client-based projects to information literacy competencies,

Carissa M. Holler

2009-01-01

183

Intercultural Competence Development through the Global Awareness Program at the University of Kansas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study is to understand whether undergraduate students develop intercultural competence through domestic, co-curricular international and intercultural programming. This evaluative case study focuses on students who did not study...

McEnaney, Lauren E

2013-05-31

184

Unravelling the genetic basis for competence development of auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A strains.  

PubMed

Bacterial natural genetic competence - well studied in Bacillus subtilis - enables cells to take up and integrate extracellularly supplied DNA into their own genome. However, little is known about competence development and its regulation in other members of the genus, although DNA uptake machineries are routinely encoded. Auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A derivatives, obtained from repeated rounds of random mutagenesis, were long known to develop natural competence. Inspection of the colony morphology and extracellular enzyme secretion of two of these derivatives, M28 and M18, suggested that regulator genes are collaterally hit. M28 emerged as a 14 bp deletion mutant concomitantly displaying a shift in the reading frame of degS that encodes the sensor histidine kinase, which is part of the molecular switch that directs cells to genetic competence, the synthesis of extracellular enzymes or biofilm formation, while for M18, sequencing of the suspected gene revealed a 375 bp deletion in abrB, encoding the major transition state regulator. With respect to colony morphology, enzyme secretion and competence development, both of the mutations, when newly generated on the wild-type B. licheniformis 9945A genetic background, resulted in phenotypes resembling M28 and M18, respectively. All of the known naturally competent B. licheniformis representatives, hitherto thoroughly investigated in this regard, carry mutations in regulator genes, and hence genetic competence observed in domesticated strains supposedly results from deregulation. PMID:25009236

Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Grabke, Anja; Neuber, Stefania; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

2014-10-01

185

Competencies; A New Sector; Developing a Competency Model for Three Star Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a working paper based on a current Hotel Management Skillnet project, which is due to be completed by December 2001. This project arose from previous research by the Irish Hotel and Catering Institute (IHCI), the Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), the Tourism Research Centre (TRC) and University College Dublin (UCD) into continuing professional development in the hospitality

Tony m Kiely; Monica Brophy

2001-01-01

186

Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

Cochran, Graham Ralph

2009-01-01

187

Development and validation of a customized competency-based questionnaire : Linking social, emotional, and cognitive competencies to business unit profitability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report data empirically linking competencies of individual leaders to business profitability and demonstrate that competencies are cross-culturally valid. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Participants in the initial competency study were 15 business unit managers identified as high performing. Data were collected using Critical Incident Interviews that were systematically coded using thematic analysis to identify

Geoff Ryan; Lyle M. Spencer; Urs Bernhard

2012-01-01

188

Development and Assessment of Social and Emotional Competence Through Simulated Patient Consultations  

PubMed Central

Objective. To determine whether a quantitative tool could be used to measure social emotional competence and whether the development of social emotional competence through a pharmacy practicum course is possible. Design. First-year pharmacy students completed the Social Emotional Development Inventory (SED-I) online and then participated in a series of mock patient consultations on smoking cessation and nonprescription medication. Assessment. The 212 students enrolled in the course completed the SED-I. Evaluation of students’ performance in the clinical cases using a patient counseling assessment form showed that students’ social emotional competencies significantly improved. Observer ratings for “influence” and “connection” on the assessment form predicted student performance in the clinical cases. Conclusions. Role-play exercises in which students engage in patient consultations can be used to develop social emotional competence in pharmacy students, and the SED-I and a patient counseling assessment form can be used to assess learning and improvement in this area. PMID:23049104

Carr-Lopez, Sian; Seal, Craig R.; Scott, Amy N.; Lopez, Chris

2012-01-01

189

Development and psychometric testing of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for family caregivers in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Suicide caring competence is important for family caregivers to care their relatives with suicidal tendencies. The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for family caregivers in Taiwan. A 20-item SCCS was tested on 165 family caregivers. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that five subscales with 19 items best fit the data. The Cronbach's ? and test-retest reliability of the SCCS was 0.90 and 0.81, respectively. The SCCS demonstrated acceptable construct validity and reliability. Nurses can use the SCCS to assess the suicide caring competence of family caregivers. PMID:25017563

Sun, Fan-Ko; Chiang, Chun-Ying; Chen, Wei-Jen; Wang, Ruey-Hsia; Huang, Hui-Man; Lin, Hung-Yen

2014-08-01

190

National Occupational Competency Testing Project. A Consortium for Occupational Competency Testing of Trade and Industrial/Technical Teachers. Phase I: Planning--Organizing--Pilot Testing. Volume 3, Handbook for Developing and Administering Occupational Competency Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much effort has been directed toward the evaluation of human characteristics and abilities. This handbook is an outgrowth of an extensive study of occupational competency testing and is intended to assist in the development, administration and evaluation of written and performance tests wherever occupational competency evaluation may be…

Panitz, Adolf; Olivo, C. Thomas

191

Information Literacy and its Relationship to Cognitive Development and Reflective Judgment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article maps the Association of College and Research Libraries' Information Competency Standards for Higher Education to the cognitive development levels developed by William G. Perry and Patricia King and Karen Kitchener to suggest which competencies are appropriate for which level of cognitive development. (Contains 1 table.)

Jackson, Rebecca

2008-01-01

192

Competency Profile Development for the (Supervisory) Management Curriculum. Marketing Education Teacher's Resource Guide. Competency Listing, Expected Student Learning Outcomes and Cross-Referenced Instructional Materials by Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide for the marketing education teacher provides a competency listing, expected student learning outcomes, and cross-referenced instructional materials by competencies for supervisory management. The first section discusses 1991 revisions to the Missouri marketing education core curriculum for supervisory management. The processes…

Smith, Clifton L.

193

Competence based management development provision to SMEs and the providers’ perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been recognised that management training and development in SMEs is a relatively poorly researched area and that the influencing factors for SMEs are not well understood. This paper outlines a regional study of the interest in competence based management development amongst SMEs. This is compared with a study of the providers’ approach to management development provision for the

Alison Smith; John Whittaker; John Loan Clark; Graham Boocock

1999-01-01

194

A Framework for Professional Development Focused on Social and Emotional Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a framework for planning professional development opportunities to increase teachers' confidence and competence in supporting young children's social-emotional development and addressing challenging behaviors. The framework makes use of a comprehensive collection of training materials developed by the Center on the Social and…

Quesenberry, Amanda; Doubet, Sharon

2006-01-01

195

A Mixed Project-Based Learning Framework: Preparing and Developing Student Competencies in a French "Grande Ecole"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging engineers need to rely on a whole body of scientific and technical knowledge, but also on a wide set of competencies. For engineering schools a competency objectives approach requires specific pedagogical methods. Some competencies based on skills and attitudes are difficult to develop through traditional teaching, so in 2003 our…

Rouvrais, S.; Ormrod, J.; Landrac, G.; Mallet, J.; Gilliot, J. -M.; Thepaut, A.; Tremenbert, P.

2006-01-01

196

Genetic transformation in freshwater: Escherichia coli is able to develop natural competence.  

PubMed Central

Until now, Escherichia coli was thought to be unable to develop natural competence, i.e., genetic transformation could be achieved only artificially with the aid of nonphysiological concentrations of calcium ions or by other treatments. We have tested the competence development of E. coli through transformation under natural conditions in river water, springwater, and mineral water which contained between 0 and 11 mM Ca2+, using pUC18 DNA. The presence of calcium ions at concentrations as low as 1 to 2 mM was sufficient to obtain transformants. Variations in the temperature of incubation were not required for competence development but had an influence on the transformation frequency. Using water from mineral springs originating from calcareous regions, we have obtained transformation frequencies with laboratory strains of E. coli similar to those reported for other gram-negative bacteria known to develop natural competence. The competence development of E. coli is most probably internally regulated (as for the other gram-negative bacteria), and inadequate conditions chosen for the transformation tests in the laboratory might impair the detection of higher natural transformation frequencies. The results will enhance our knowledge about the fate of laboratory or production strains of E. coli cells reaching natural aquatic ecosystems. PMID:8837423

Baur, B; Hanselmann, K; Schlimme, W; Jenni, B

1996-01-01

197

Study on Evaluation Model of the Fourth Party Logistics Enterprise's Core Competence Based on Information Entropy of Fuzzy Matter-Element Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the theory of core competence, the paper analyzes the Fourth Party Logistic enterprise's concept, characteristics and function, and then it establishes evaluation index system of 4PL's core competence and uses information entropy of fuzzy matter-element model to calculate the core competence. In the end, though positive analysis, the paper proposes suggestion of evaluating and enhancing 4PL's core competence.

Li Ji-yong; Xie Yun-pu; Zhang Yan-hong

2010-01-01

198

Development of scales to assess patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions.  

PubMed

This study describes the development of scales to measure patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions and thus contributes to promoting awareness of physician-patient intercultural interaction processes. Surveys were administrated to a total of 682 participants. Exploratory factor analyses were employed to assess emergent scales and subscales to develop reliable instruments. The first two phases were devoted to formative research and pilot study. The third phase was devoted to scale development, which resulted in a five-factor solution to measure patient perception of physicians' cultural competence for patient satisfaction. PMID:22477717

Ahmed, Rukhsana; Bates, Benjamin R

2012-07-01

199

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

200

Developing an Information Literacy Action Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to increase the benefits that the student receives from bibliographic instruction, many community college libraries are incorporating the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) into their BI programs. In order to take full advantage of the Competency

Johnson, Wendell G.

2009-01-01

201

Database of Competencies for Business Curriculum Development, K-14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to serve as a resource for use in developing a business education curriculum at all grade levels between K and 14. Guidelines are presented for using the guide and developing local business education standards. The next main section deals with teaching the following business skills at the elementary school level:…

National Business Education Association, Reston, VA.

202

Managing Tensions in University Development Offices: A Competing Values Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University development offices face many challenges--including the struggle to maintain collaborative relationships between external and internal stakeholders. As a collaborative and critical function for research universities, development offices offer university leaders new ways to think about aligning people, culture, and goals with…

Guzman, Lisa C.; Bacevice, Peter A.

2006-01-01

203

Introducing competence-based management development: a case study of a university-hospital partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The British National Health Service (NHS) has experienced a number of changes in management over the last 20 years resulting in management development becoming a greater priority. Consequently, hospitals and other NHS organisations have rapidly introduced competence-based management development programmes for their staff. This paper reports in depth on a case study of a partnership between a hospital trust and

Paul Smith

2000-01-01

204

Competence for Children's Sake: Summary Report of a Research Project on the Child Development Associate Credential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes a research project on the Child Development Associate (CDA) assessment and credentialing system. The issues covered in the report fall under two general categories: validity (the ability of the CDA assessment/credential system to identify competent child care staff) and career development potential (the benefits of the CDA…

Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

205

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

206

Toward the Development and Validation of a Career Coach Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The career coaching profession is a dynamic field that has grown over the last decade. However, there exists a limitation to this field's development, as there is no universally accepted definition or empirically based competencies. There were three phases to the study. In the first phase, a conceptual model was developed that highlights four…

Hatala, John-Paul; Hisey, Lee

2011-01-01

207

Developing a Textbook for Teaching Psychological Competencies to Health Care Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Allied health practitioners are required to gain expertise in the psycho-socio-emotional domain to assist them with effective delivery of services when working with clients. Although competencies have been developed for the prospective allied health disciplines, course content and method of training has yet to be determined. This author has developed a protocol, the Decision Making Model, to assist educators with

Victoria Bacon

2005-01-01

208

Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

2011-01-01

209

The Impact of Inclusion on Language Development and Social Competence among Preschoolers with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compared language development and social competence among 96 preschool children with disabilities in inclusive and segregated classes. Pretest ability was the strongest predictor of progress. Subjects in inclusive classes had higher posttest scores in language development and social skills, but more behavior problems, than peers in…

Rafferty, Yvonne; Piscitelli, Vincenza; Boettcher, Caroline

2003-01-01

210

Use of Racial Identity Development Theory to Explore Cultural Competence among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to explore early childhood educators' cultural competence through a lens of racial identity development theory, a case study was conducted with four White Kindergarten teachers. Participants were surveyed and interviewed to understand their racial identity development as well as perspectives of teaching culturally diverse early childhood…

Han, Heejeong Sophia; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Thomas, M. Shelley

2011-01-01

211

An Ecological Model of Developing Researcher Competence: The Case of Software Technology in Doctoral Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an ecological model of developing researcher competence, with a particular focus on doctoral students' use of research software. The model extends on theoretical work done by Young et al. ("Instructional Science 30"(1): 47-63, 2002), modelling the intentional dynamics of technological learning contexts. The development of the…

Stelma, Juup

2011-01-01

212

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

213

Design of the Accounting Course Focusing on the Development of Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to develop a proposal for a methodology in the university environment that enables us to design our course with an approach based on the development and acquisition of competences within the framework of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), allowing a transition from a model focused on teaching to a model focused on…

Ciudad-Gomez, Adelaida

2011-01-01

214

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Important to Manual Therapy Competency Development: A Delphi Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A learner's development of orthopaedic manual physical therapy (OMPT) psychomotor skills may be influenced by selected intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The purposes of this study were to identify the factors that influence learners' development of manual physical therapy competencies and to define each factor as intrinsic or extrinsic. A 3-round Delphi method survey and a retrospective review of the data

Phillip Sizer PT; Steven Sawyer; Virginia Felstehausen; Sue Couch; Lanie Dornier; Chad Cook

2008-01-01

215

Social Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the “Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject” in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

216

Development of a multidisciplinary course in cultural competence for nursing and human service professions.  

PubMed

A multidisciplinary teaching model was used to develop a pilot course for students in the human service professions of nursing, education, and social work to gain additional knowledge and skills in providing diverse clients with culturally appropriate services during field and clinical experiences. This article focuses on the process of developing a multidisciplinary course in cultural competence that is consistent with a university mission to prepare students for leadership and service in an increasingly diverse society. Using the theoretical framework of Campinha-Bacote's process of cultural competence and the six developmental stages of intercultural competence in Bennett's developmental model of intercultural sensitivity, the course content covered the five components of cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural skills, cultural encounters, and cultural desire. Students' written reflections indicated growth in acquisition of cultural knowledge, skills, and desire. Faculty collaboration across disciplines included the benefits of an enriched knowledge base and shared scholarship. PMID:19645371

Munoz, Cora C; DoBroka, Cheryl Conrad; Mohammad, Saleem

2009-09-01

217

Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

Eddy, Pamela L.

2013-01-01

218

Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

2005-01-01

219

Interactional Competence and the Development of Alignment Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on qualitative analysis of conversational interactions collected over the course of a Spanish language learner's academic year abroad, this article explores the development of interactional resources related to alignment activity in the learner's conversational participation. Alignment activity refers to the means interlocutors use…

Dings, Abby

2014-01-01

220

Developing Culturally Competent Faculty: A Cognitive, Affective, and Spiritual Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past decade has evidenced significant dialogue on faith-based campuses about the persistent gap between the increasing ethnic diversity of the student population and that of the faculty. While campus administrators and leaders acknowledge the need to address this concern through faculty development, there is a disturbing lack of successful…

Taylor, Deborah L.; Van Zandt, Cassandra; Menjares, Pete C.

2013-01-01

221

Developing Competency To Manage Diversity: Readings, Cases, and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All members of organizations take part in creating a climate in which all people are treated fairly and can achieve and contribute to their full potential, and where diversity, as an organizational resource, can be fully leveraged to enhance organizational performance. This book was designed to assist individuals and work teams in developing

Cox, Taylor, Jr.; Beale, Ruby L.

222

Developing an Information Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

Hanson, Terry

2011-01-01

223

Assessing competency in spasticity management: a method of development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project endeavored to create an educational module including methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in the evaluation and appropriate treatment of patients with spasticity and other sequelae of the upper motor neuron syndrome. It further sought to verify acquired competencies in spasticity management through objective evaluation methodology. A physical medicine and rehabilitation board-certified physician with 10 yrs clinical experience in spasticity management trained 16 residents using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The 16 residents successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module by the end of the Postgraduate Year 3 spasticity management rotation. Objective measures compared resident scores on an institution-specific standardized test administered before and after training. Resident proficiency in the skills and knowledge pertaining to spasticity management was objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tool is evidenced by significantly improved postrotational institution-specific standardized test scores (mean pretest score, 61.1%; mean posttest score, 95.4%) as well as oral testing. In addition, the clinical development tool was validated by residents being individually observed performing skills and deemed competent by a board-certified physical medicine and rehabilitation physician specializing in spasticity management. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of spasticity management. PMID:22173081

Escaldi, Steven V; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Terzella, Matthew; Petagna, Ann Marie; Strax, Thomas E

2012-03-01

224

Development of professional competence via self-instructional units.  

PubMed

In recent years, self-instructional teaching methods have come under criticism from educators, much of it warranted. But when self-instructional materials are written by experienced educators who teach the topic and are developed within a versatile process using a proven format, they are extremely valuable teaching aids. We discuss here the results of a grant project funded by W. K. Kellogg Foundation and describe the process used at Kettering Medical Center's School of Medical Technology to develop and produce over 100 self-instructional units. We also discuss potential uses of self-instructional units in professional continuing education programs and suggest ways self-instructional units might be used to promote interdisciplinary health care and expansion of professional knowledge banks. This project confirmed that professions can create their own educational materials through the independent efforts of their members. PMID:6735896

Fiene, M A; Fannon, M; Drewry, S; Spahn, M A

1984-05-01

225

Juveniles' understanding of trial-related information: are they competent defendants?  

PubMed

There exists a national trend lowering the age to transfer children facing serious charges to adult court for trial. This study examined juvenile offenders' understanding of factual information about trials. Juveniles ages 11 through 16 experiencing their first institutional placement were administered a competence to stand trial screening measure, shown an educational videotape, and readministered the measure. Findings suggest that a majority do not have sufficient understanding for meaningful participation in their trials. Special care appears warranted with juveniles ages 13 and under, and juveniles with low average or below average IQ scores. Further, substantial training may be necessary for some juvenile offenders. PMID:9309855

Cooper, D K

1997-01-01

226

Developing ambulatory care registered nurse competencies for care coordination and transition management.  

PubMed

The need for care coordination and management of transitions between Patient-Centered Medical Home providers, outpatient and community settings, including the Accountable Care Organization is often overlooked, episodic, and accountability for coordinating care and managing transitions between providers and services is lacking. Recognizing the potential of the RN to contribute to enhanced quality, cost effectiveness, and access to care in ambulatory settings, the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing (AAACN) created a care coordination competencies action plan with three phases to delineate RN competencies and develop an education program for care coordination and transition management in ambulatory care. The first Expert Panel completed a comprehensive, interdisciplinary literature review and analysis focused on care coordination and transition management. The second Expert Panel--representing nu rsing, medicine, and pharmacy--defined the dimensions, identified core competencies, and described the activities linked with each competency for care coordination and transition management in ambulatory settings. The third Expert Panel reviewed, confirmed, and created a table of dimensions, activities, and competencies (including knowledge, skills, attitudes) for ambulatory care RN care coordination and transition management. PMID:23505750

Haas, Sheila; Swan, Beth Ann; Haynes, Traci

2013-01-01

227

Developing Conversational Competence through Language Awareness and Multimodality: The Use of DVDs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument for a pedagogy of input oriented learning for the development of speaking competence (Sharwood-Smith, 1986; Bardovi-Harlig and Salsbury, 2004; Eslami-Rasekh, 2005) has been of increasing interest in Applied Linguistics circles. It has also been argued that multimedia applications, in particular DVDs, provide language learners with…

Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Perez

2009-01-01

228

Developer, Teacher, Student and Employer Evaluations of Competence-Based Assessment Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how different stakeholders experience the quality of a nationally developed assessment framework for summative, competence-based assessment (CBA) in AVET, which aims to reflect theoretical characteristics of high quality CBAs. The quality of two summative CBAs, based on this national framework, is evaluated along an extensive,…

Gulikers, J.; Biemans, H.; Mulder, M.

2009-01-01

229

Development of a roof competence tester. Report for 18 August 1980-19 March 1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four-year program was completed to develop a technique for measuring roof competence in underground coal mines. The preferred technique employs a tracer gas that is injected into a roof borehole drilled near the working face. The tracer gas performs the dual purpose of determining the pressure loss rate from the borehole and of marking the diffusion pattern of the

Czirr

1985-01-01

230

Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence…

Bienengräber, Thomas

2014-01-01

231

A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2009-01-01

232

Principal's Desirability for Professional Development in Competencies Related to Leading Special Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of public school principals within the Commonwealth of Virginia as to their desirability for professional development in leading special education programs within their schools. Given a list of 18 competencies related to leading special education principals rated their desirability for…

Pontius, Nicholas Frantz

2010-01-01

233

Kentucky's Early Childhood Professional Development Initiative to Promote Social-Emotional Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the Kentucky Initiative for Social Skill and Emotional Development which provides annual training and technical assistance to build early childhood programs' capacity to deliver practices known to promote social and emotional competency. The initiative is based on the 3-tiered Positive Behavior Support model that teaches educators to both prevent and intervene with challenging behaviors. The training and

Elizabeth M. McLaren; Phyllis J. Hall; Pamela Fox

2009-01-01

234

A Classroom of Her Own: How New Teachers Develop Instructional, Professional, and Cultural Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, a commentary on becoming a teacher, presents a set of essays based on observations of a group of young, white, middle class female teachers learning what it means to be alone at the head of the classroom. It presents a textured picture of the development of competence. The picture is organized around the complications of ordinary life…

Cattani, Dana Haight

235

Developing Communication Competence Using an Online Video Reflection System: Pre-Service Teachers' Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to…

Bower, Matt; Cavanagh, Michael; Moloney, Robyn; Dao, MingMing

2011-01-01

236

The Impact of Inclusion on Language Development and Social Competence Among Preschoolers With Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes progress in language development and social competence among 96 preschoolers with disabilities in inclusive and segregated classes. Pretest ability was the strongest predictor of progress. Other child, parent, and family characteristics were not associated with pretest developmental abilities or with progress. Degree of disability did not moderate the impact of placement type on developmental outcomes, controlling for

YVONNE RAFFERTY; VINCENZA PISCITELLI; CAROLINE BOETTCHER

237

Development of the Multicultural Counseling Inventory: A Self-Report Measure of Multicultural Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed Multicultural Counseling Inventory (MCI), self-report instrument that measures multicultural counseling competencies. Administered MCI to 604 psychology students, psychologists, and counselors (Study 1) and to 320 university counselors (Study 2). Results indicated that MCI has four factors: Multicultural Counseling Skills, Multicultural…

Sodowsky, Gargi Roysircar; And Others

1994-01-01

238

Developing Disaster Preparedness Competence: An Experiential Learning Exercise for Multiprofessional Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The hurricane disasters of 2005 and the threat of pandemic infectious diseases compel medical educators to develop emergency preparedness training for medical students and other health care professional students. Description: This article describes an experiential exercise for learning a number of the general core competencies in the 2003 AAMC report titled “Training Future Physicians about Weapons of Mass Destruction.”

Rasa Silenas; Ralitsa Akins; Alan R. Parrish; Janine C. Edwards

2008-01-01

239

Strategies for Developing the Affective Work Competencies of Marketing Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective strategies for developing the affective work competencies of marketing education students include teaching procedures, acquisition of skills and materials for teaching in the affective domain, and implementation considerations. Affective concerns in marketing can be grouped into three broad types of performance categories--self-concept,…

Meyer, Earl C.

240

Developing Sexual Competence? Exploring Strategies for the Provision of Effective Sexualities and Relationships Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School-based sexualities and relationships education (SRE) offers one of the most promising means of improving young people's sexual health through developing "sexual competence". In the absence of evidence on whether the term holds the same meanings for young people and adults (e.g. teachers, researchers, policy-makers), the paper explores…

Hirst, Julia

2008-01-01

241

Secondary-Postsecondary Curriculum Development in Automotive Mechanics. Automotive Electrical Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a competency-based curriculum in automotive mechanics which is usable by students at both the secondary and postsecondary levels, this learning package focuses on automotive electrical systems. It is the first unit to be published in a series of eight which will cover the eight subject areas on the national certification…

Hoepner, Ronald

242

The Development of Core Competencies for the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a series of national policy reports regarding what has been termed the "quality chasm" in health and mental health care in the United States, in January 2003, the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy convened a task force to develop core competencies (CC) for the practice of marriage and family therapy (MFT). The…

Nelson, Thorana S.; Chenail, Ronald J.; Alexander, James F.; Crane, D. Russell; Johnson, Susan M.; Schwallie, Linda

2007-01-01

243

ICT in Teacher Education: Developing Key Competencies in Face-to-Face and Distance Learning  

E-print Network

ICT in Teacher Education: Developing Key Competencies in Face-to-Face and Distance Learning Ana A. This paper reports the training of 56 Teachers in ICT and Education Course. This course included one week content while incorporating technology concepts and skills" (p. 1) [2]. The ICT and Education Course

Boyer, Edmond

244

Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

Ramson, Amy J.

2014-01-01

245

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the college…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

246

Evolution of Competence Concept in Lithuania: From VET Reform to Development of National Qualifications System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to explore the development of the concept of competence in Lithuania beginning from the period of transition from the Soviet planned economy and post-totalitarian regime to the market economy and democratic society and ending with the designing and implementation of the National Qualifications System and Qualifications…

Lauzackas, Rimantas; Tutlys, Vidmantas; Spudyte, Irma

2009-01-01

247

Perception of Competence in Middle School Physical Education: Instrument Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A…

Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

2010-01-01

248

Promoting an "Active Start" for Young Children: Developing Competent and Confident Early Movers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With childhood obesity and physical inactivity at an all-time high, parents and physical educators alike must look to the early years to promote competent and confident young movers. Popular opinion believes that children are naturally active and motor skill development progresses as a normal function of getting older. However, if one looks at…

Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Wall, Sarah; Getchell, Nancy

2009-01-01

249

Instruction and Developing Second Language Pragmatic Competence: An Investigation into the Efficacy of Output  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of output in the context of instruction on developing second language (L2) pragmatic competence. The study focused on the ways in which opportunities for output raise adult ESL learners’ awareness of pragmalinguistic forms, thus facilitating the acquisition of those forms. The setting of the study was an intensive

Justin Edward Jernigan

2007-01-01

250

All Active, All Successful: Developing Teacher Competency in Elementary School Physical Education. Designed for Children Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist the beginning teacher to develop competency in teaching movement activities in the elementary school grades. A child-centered approach is offered for teaching all areas of the program: creative movement and dance, educational gymnastics, and games and sports. Teacher experiences are sequenced by way of progressive…

Arnett, Chappelle

251

Perceived Personal and Social Competence: Development of Valid and Reliable Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, youth programming has shifted from risk reduction to youth development. While numerous instruments exist to measure selected individual characteristics/competencies among youth, a comprehensive instrument to measure four constructs of personal and social skills could not be identified. The purpose of this study was to…

Fetro, Joyce V.; Rhodes, Darson L.; Hey, David W.

2010-01-01

252

Developing Learners' Second Language Communicative Competence through Active Learning: Clickers or Communicative Approach?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of clickers, the communicative approach and the lecture method on the communicative competence development of learners who were taught English a second language (ESL). Ninety nine pupils from three primary schools participated in the study. Quasi-experimental non-randomised pre-test posttest…

Agbatogun, Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe

2014-01-01

253

Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

2013-01-01

254

Matching of Developed Generic Competences of Graduates in Higher Education with Labour Market Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education provides graduates with both monetary and non-monetary benefits. Globalization and technological developments foster utilitarian approach, therefore the transmission of competences that are relevant in labour market is an important target for higher education institutions. The paper presents findings of research on the match of…

Pukelis, Kestutis; Pileicikiene, Nora

2012-01-01

255

Identification and Development of Competency-Based Curriculum for Water and Wastewater Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken at Kirkwood Community College to develop a full-time and part-time competency based program to educate water and wastewater treatment plant operators. First, a survey was conducted to identify the job tasks performed by the operators, their frequency, importance, and necessity. A questionnaire listing 651 tasks divided…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

256

Opinions of Primary School Science and Technology Teachers about Developing Students' Affective Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to determine the primary school secondary level science and technology teachers' opinions about developing students' affective competence. It was designed as a case study with qualitative research method. The participants of the study consisted of 19 science and technology teachers with at least five years of experience,…

Eristi, Bahadir; Tunca, Nihal

2012-01-01

257

The Role of an Interactive Book Reading Program in the Development of Second Language Pragmatic Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the connection between Korean children's participation in an interactive book reading program and their development of pragmatic competence in English. Found that participation led to significant changes over a 4-month period in the mean number of words, utterances, and talk management features as measured by the changes in children's…

Kim, Daejin; Hall, Joan Kelly

2002-01-01

258

Barriers and Effective Educational Strategies to Develop Extension Agents' Professional Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here determined the barriers and effective educational strategies to develop Extension agents' professional competencies. This was a descriptive survey research conducted with a random sample of Extension agents. Increased workload and lack of time and funding were identified as the most constraining barriers of Extension…

Lakai, Dona; Jayaratne, K. S. U.; Moore, Gary E.; Kistler, Mark J.

2012-01-01

259

The Radar Graph: the Development of an Educational Tool to Demonstrate Resident Competency  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the movement toward competency-based assessment by accrediting bodies in recent years, there is no consensus on how to best assess medical competence. Direct observation is a useful tool. At the same time, a comprehensive assessment system based on direct observation has been difficult to develop. Intervention We developed a system that translates data obtained from checklists of observed behaviors completed during educational activities, including direct observation of clinical care, into a graphic tool (the “radar graph”) usable for both formative and summative assessment. Using unique, observable behaviors to evaluate levels of competency on the Dreyfus scale, we assessed resident performance in 6 learning sites within our residency. Data are represented on a radar graph, which residents and faculty used to recognize both strengths and areas for growth to guide educational planning for the individual learner. Results Initial data show that the radar graphs have construct validity because the development process accurately reflects the desired construct, assessors were adequately trained, and the radar graphs demonstrated resident growth over time. A form completion rate of 90% for >1500 disseminated assessments suggests the feasibility of our process. Conclusions The radar graph is a promising tool for use in resident feedback and competency assessment. Further research is needed to determine the full utility of the radar graphs, including a better understanding of the tool's reliability and construct validity. PMID:23730445

Keister, Drew M.; Larson, Daniel; Dostal, Julie; Baglia, Jay

2012-01-01

260

Development of competence for genetic transformation of Streptococcus mutans in a chemically defined medium.  

PubMed

Streptococcus mutans develops competence for genetic transformation in response to regulatory circuits that sense at least two peptide pheromones. One peptide, known as CSP, is sensed by a two-component signal transduction system through a membrane receptor, ComD. The other, derived from the primary translation product ComS, is thought to be sensed by an intracellular receptor, ComR, after uptake by oligopeptide permease. To allow study of this process in a medium that does not itself contain peptides, development of competence was examined in the chemically defined medium (CDM) described by van de Rijn and Kessler (Infect. Immun. 27:444, 1980). We confirmed a previous report that in this medium comS mutants of strain UA159 respond to a synthetic peptide comprising the seven C-terminal residues of ComS (ComS(11-17)) by increasing expression of the alternative sigma factor SigX, which in turn allows expression of competence effector genes. This response provided the basis for a bioassay for the ComS pheromone in the 100 to 1,000 nM range. It was further observed that comS(+) (but not comS mutant) cultures developed a high level of competence in the late log and transition phases of growth in this CDM without the introduction of any synthetic stimulatory peptide. This endogenous competence development was accompanied by extracellular release of one or more signals that complemented a comS mutation at levels equivalent to 1 ?M synthetic ComS(11-17). PMID:22609913

Desai, Kunal; Mashburn-Warren, Lauren; Federle, Michael J; Morrison, Donald A

2012-08-01

261

An ecological model of developing researcher competence: the case of software technology in doctoral research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an ecological model of developing researcher competence, with a particular focus on doctoral students’\\u000a use of research software. The model extends on theoretical work done by Young et al. (Instructional Science 30(1): 47–63, 2002), modelling the intentional dynamics of technological learning contexts. The development of the ecological\\u000a model is linked to existing ways of understanding the doctoral

Juup Stelma

2011-01-01

262

Beyond cultural competence: a model for individual and institutional cultural development.  

PubMed

Nursing's attention to cultural diversity has been influenced by the changing demographic composition of the U.S. population. Nursing must continue to increase awareness and promote attitudinal and behavioral changes that will result in the delivery of culturally appropriate nursing care. The nursing literature includes several models of cultural development to assist nurses and other health care professionals in conducting a cultural assessment and incorporating cultural data into nursing care plans. This article presents a synthesis model of cultural development that illustrates that cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity, and cultural competence do not achieve the level of cultural development necessary to meet the health care needs of a diverse population. Cultural proficiency is a concept that extends cultural competence into nursing practice, administration, education, and research. It is a philosophical and behavioral approach to cultural diversity that guides and prescribes individual and institutional behavior toward "cultural others." PMID:11126891

Wells, M I

2000-01-01

263

Developing a Competence Framework and Evaluation Tool for Primary Care Nursing in South Africa  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Context: Nurses provide the bulk of primary care services in South Africa. Post-apartheid health legislation envisions the provision of comprehensive primary services at all public clinics, which implies the need for a cadre of primary care nurses able to render such services. Objectives: To identify core competencies of clinic nurses and develop an evaluation tool for primary care nursing in South Africa. Methods: The descriptive and exploratory techniques used included two meetings of a reference group of South African primary care professionals, followed by a consensusbuilding exercise. Using the Delphi technique expert opinion was solicited from South Africa, Canada and the USA. Findings: The reference group meetings yielded a list of nine core competencies. Infrastructure issues, such as the supermarket (one-stop shopping) approach to service delivery, communication and transport systems, and the quality of supervision still cause concern. These issues underscore that competence cannot be measured in a vacuum. Input from Delphi participants affirmed the nine core competencies and the need to assess

Susan Strasser; Leslie London; Elma Kortenbout

264

Developing a Culturally Competent Peer Support Intervention for Spanish-speaking Latinas with Breast Cancer  

PubMed Central

Little research exists on the need for, barriers to, and acceptability and effectiveness of psychosocial support services among Latinas with breast cancer, despite their increased risks of psychosocial distress. This formative research study identifies barriers to and benefits and components of an effective peer support counselor intervention for Spanish-speaking Latinas recently diagnosed with breast cancer. Analysis was based on interviews of 89 Latino cancer patients referred to psychosocial services; 29 Spanish-speaking survivors of breast cancer; and 17 culturally competent advocates for Latinos with cancer. Results indicate that interventions should begin close to diagnosis; build self-care skills; be culturally competent and emotionally supportive; provide language appropriate cancer information; encourage self-expression; and address lack of access to and knowledge of services. Creating such psychosocial programs with input from survivors and advocates who have similar self-identities to patients would improve quality of life in diverse and underserved populations. PMID:18340533

Napoles-Springer, Anna M.; Ortiz, Carmen; O'Brien, Helen; Diaz-Mendez, Maria

2013-01-01

265

Improving caregiving competence, stress coping, and mental well-being in informal dementia carers  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study the effectiveness of Reitman Centre “Coaching, Advocacy, Respite, Education, Relationship, and Simulation” (CARERS) program, which uses problem-solving techniques and simulation to train informal dementia carers. METHODS: Seventy-three carers for family members with dementia were included in the pilot study. Pre- and post-intervention data were collected from carers using validated measures of depression, mastery, role captivity and overload, caregiving competence and burden, and coping styles. To assess program effectiveness, mean differences for these measures were calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to determine if change in scores is dependent on the respective baseline scores. Clinical effects for measures were expressed as Cohen’s D values. RESULTS: Data from 73 carers were analyzed. The majority of these participants were female (79.5%). A total of 69.9% were spouses and 30.1% were children of the care recipient. Participants had an overall mean age of 68.34 ± 12.01 years. About 31.5% of participating carers had a past history of psychiatric illness (e.g., depression), and 34.2% sustained strained relationships with their respective care recipients. Results from carers demonstrated improvement in carers’ self-perception of competence (1.26 ± 1.92, P < 0.0001), and significant reduction in emotion-focused coping (measured by the Coping Inventory of Stressful Situations, -2.37 ± 6.73, P < 0.01), Geriatric Depression scale (-0.67 ± 2.63, P < 0.05) and Pearlin’s overload scale (-0.55 ± 2.07, P < 0.05), upon completion of the Program. Secondly, it was found that carers with more compromised baseline scores benefited most from the intervention, as they experienced statistically significant improvement in the following constructs: competence, stress-coping style (less emotion-oriented), sense of mastery, burden, overload. CONCLUSION: Study results supported the effectiveness of the CARERS Program in improving caregiving competence, stress coping ability and mental well-being in carers caring for family members with dementia. PMID:24255878

Chiu, Mary; Wesson, Virginia; Sadavoy, Joel

2013-01-01

266

Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. PMID:23134815

2012-01-01

267

Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India  

PubMed Central

Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

2014-01-01

268

A Conceptual and Empirical Review of the Meaning, Measurement, Development, and Teaching of Intervention Competence in Clinical Psychology  

PubMed Central

Through the course of this paper we discuss several fundamental issues related to the intervention competence of psychologists. Following definitional clarification and proposals for more strictly distinguishing competence from adherence, we interpret Dreyfus and Dreyfus’s (1986) five stage theory of competence development (from novice to expert) within a strictly clinical framework. Existing methods of competence assessment are then evaluated, and we argue for the use of new and multiple assessment modalities. Next, we utilize the previous sections as a foundation to propose methods for training and evaluating competent psychologists. Lastly, we discuss several potential impediments to large scale competence assessment and education, such as the heterogeneity of therapeutic orientations and what could be termed a lack of transparency in clinical training. PMID:18952334

Barber, Jacques P.

2009-01-01

269

Enhancing Leadership and Governance Competencies to Strengthen Health Systems in Nigeria: Assessment of Organizational Human Resources Development  

PubMed Central

The lack of effective leadership and governance in the health sector has remained a major challenge in Nigeria and contributes to the failure of health systems and poor development of human resources. In this cross-sectional intervention study, leadership and governance competencies of policy makers were enhanced through a training workshop, and an assessment was conducted of organizational activities designed to promote evidence-informed leadership and governance to improve human resources for health (HRH). The training workshop increased the understanding of policy makers with regard to leadership and governance factors that ensure the functionality of health systems and improve human resources development, including policy guidance, intelligence and oversight, collaboration and coalition building, regulation, system design and accountability. Findings indicated that systems for human resources development exist in all participants' organizations, but the functionality of these systems was suboptimal. More systematic and standardized processes are required to improve competencies of leadership and governance for better human resources development in low-income settings. PMID:23372582

Uneke, Chigozie J.; Ezeoha, Abel E.; Ndukwe, Chinwendu D.; Oyibo, Patrick G.; Onwe, Fri Day

2012-01-01

270

DEVELOPMENT For more information  

E-print Network

selected, and some amount to brilliant mini-essays in themselves-the contrast of the child coal miner of psychology at Mc- Master University (Canada). He is au- thor of a chapter in The Development of Perception of adult cats. By means of a

Toronto, University of

271

Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and

A. V. Mashinistova; A. A. Elchin; N. V. Gorbunova; V. S. Muratov; K. A. Kydralieva; B. M. Khudaibergenova; V. P. Shabaev; Sh. J. Jorobekova

2009-01-01

272

Supporting Early Childhood Teachers to Promote Children's Social Competence: Components for Best Professional Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing recognition that young children's social competence is critical because it is positively associated with their school readiness and academic success. However, professional development (PD) opportunities for early childhood teachers to enhance their roles in promoting young children's social competence are limited. In…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2014-01-01

273

Genetic education and the challenge of genomic medicine: development of core competences to support preparation of health professionals in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of genetics and genomics within a wide range of health-care settings requires health professionals to develop expertise to practise appropriately. There is a need for a common minimum standard of competence in genetics for health professionals in Europe but because of differences in professional education and regulation between European countries, setting curricula may not be practical. Core competences

Heather Skirton; Celine Lewis; Alastair Kent; Domenico A Coviello

2010-01-01

274

Youth Programs and the Job Training Partnership Act. Developing Competency Standards: A Guide for Private Industry Council Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist Private Industry Council (PIC) members in developing competency standards for youth programs receiving Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) funds. Discussed first are the benefits of competency standards to PICs and service delivery areas (SDAs). The various components of program standards (types of skills, skill…

Strumpf, Lori

275

Development and validation of the ACE tool: assessing medical trainees' competency in evidence based medicine  

PubMed Central

Background While a variety of instruments have been developed to assess knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine (EBM), few assess all aspects of EBM - including knowledge, skills attitudes and behaviour - or have been psychometrically evaluated. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument that evaluates medical trainees’ competency in EBM across knowledge, skills and attitude. Methods The ‘Assessing Competency in EBM’ (ACE) tool was developed by the authors, with content and face validity assessed by expert opinion. A cross-sectional sample of 342 medical trainees representing ‘novice’, ‘intermediate’ and ‘advanced’ EBM trainees were recruited to complete the ACE tool. Construct validity, item difficulty, internal reliability and item discrimination were analysed. Results We recruited 98 EBM-novice, 108 EBM-intermediate and 136 EBM-advanced participants. A statistically significant difference in the total ACE score was observed and corresponded to the level of training: on a 0-15-point test, the mean ACE scores were 8.6 for EBM-novice; 9.5 for EBM-intermediate; and 10.4 for EBM-advanced (p?competency in EBM. The ACE tool provides a novel assessment that measures user performance across the four main steps of EBM. To provide a complete suite of instruments to assess EBM competency across various patient scenarios, future refinement of the ACE instrument should include further scenarios across harm, diagnosis and prognosis. PMID:24909434

2014-01-01

276

A hierarchical competing systems model of the emergence and early development of executive function  

PubMed Central

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function – the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior – in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a developmentally invariant habit system and a conscious representational system that becomes increasingly influential as children develop. This article describes a computational formalization of the HCSM, reviews behavioral and computational research consistent with the model, and suggests directions for future research on the development of executive function. PMID:19120405

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2010-01-01

277

Development of a tool to measure clinical competence in occupational therapy: a pilot study?  

PubMed

Clinical competence is generally defined as a combination of knowledge, skill and professional behaviour. It is typically assessed using written tests, direct observation, chart audit, client satisfaction surveys and supervisor ratings. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a chart-stimulated recall (CSR) measure that combines the methods of chart audit and clinician interview to assess the clinical competence of practicing occupational therapists. The CSR tool was developed using the Canadian Guidelines for Client-Centred Practice and taps global domains of competence: use of theory, assessment, program planning, intervention, discharge planning, follow-up, program evaluation, clinical reasoning and professional behaviours. This pilot study involved two independent raters/interviewers who assessed twelve occupational therapy clinicians on two occasions using a random sample of client cases/records on each occasion Results indicate that the CSR tool is not only reliable and valid, but also sufficiently generic to be used in a variety of practice settings as a global measure of on-the-job performance. PMID:10695169

Salvatori, P; Baptiste, S; Ward, M

2000-02-01

278

Developing communication competency in the context of cancer: a critical interpretive analysis of provider training programs.  

PubMed

We conducted a critical interpretive analysis of 47 studies from the Cochrane Review of the communications training literature to capture the empirical indicators used to judge provider communication competency and to describe how the indicators were characterized in the context of a cancer care system. Of the 47 studies reviewed, few showed any resemblance to recommendations from two international consensus conferences of experts in the communication research field. Some of the challenges in moving forward with cancer-related communication skills involve deciding what we want people to learn, providing learning across various experiences, identifying learning models, and finding alternate ways of motivating people to learn. Once core competencies are clearly articulated, we can determine the best approaches for developing cancer-specific training programs. PMID:16200525

Butler, Lorna; Degner, Lesley; Baile, Walter; Landry, M

2005-10-01

279

Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning has become a significant aspect of training and education in the worldwide information economy as an attempt to create and facilitate a competent global work force. "Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy" provides eclectic accounts of case studies in…

Olaniran, Bolanle A., Ed.

2010-01-01

280

Macroergonomics and Information Systems Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Implementation of information systems (IS) in organizations have been a constant challenge. Many organizations still approach IS implementation as a panacea. Lessons learned from the introduction of computer terminals in the late 1970s to enterprise systems in the late 1990s have not been applied consistently. This article makes the case for using macroergonomics in the development and implementation of information

Francisco Baptista Pereira Moro

2009-01-01

281

Competencies for Student Leadership Development in Doctor of Pharmacy Curricula to Assist Curriculum Committees and Leadership Instructors  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assist curriculum committees and leadership instructors by gathering expert opinion to define student leadership development competencies for pharmacy curricula. Methods. Twenty-six leadership instructors participated in a 3-round, online, modified Delphi process to define competencies for student leadership development in pharmacy curricula. Round 1 asked open-ended questions about leadership knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Round 2 grouped responses for agreement rating and comment. Round 3 allowed rating and comment on competencies not yet meeting consensus, which was prospectively set at 80%. Results. Eleven competencies attained 80% consensus or higher and were grouped into 3 areas: leadership knowledge, personal leadership commitment, and leadership skill development. Connections to contemporary leadership development literature were outlined for each competency as a means of verifying the panel’s work. Conclusions. The leadership competencies will aid students in addressing: What is leadership? Who am I as a leader? What skills and abilities do I need to be effective? The competencies will help curriculum committees and leadership instructors to focus leadership development opportunities, identify learning assessments, and define program evaluation. PMID:24371346

Traynor, Andrew P.; Boyle, Cynthia J.

2013-01-01

282

Electrodiagnostic medicine skills competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project sought to create an educational module including evaluation methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residents in electrodiagnostic evaluation of patients with neuromuscular problems, and to verify acquired competencies in those electrodiagnostic skills through objective evaluation methodology. Sixteen residents were trained by board-certified neuromuscular and electrodiagnostic medicine physicians through technical training, lectures, and review of self-assessment examination (SAE) concepts from the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation syllabus provided in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. After delivery of the educational module, knowledge acquisition and skill attainment were measured in (1) clinical skill in diagnostic procedures via a procedure checklist, (2) diagnosis and ability to design a patient-care management plan via chart simulated recall (CSR) exams, (3) physician/patient interaction via patient surveys, (4) physician/staff interaction via 360-degree global ratings, and (5) ability to write a comprehensive patient-care report and to document a patient-care management plan in accordance with Medicare guidelines via written patient reports. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). To test the success of the standardized educational module, data were collected on an ongoing basis. Objective measures compared resident SAE scores in electrodiagnostics (EDX) before and after institution of the comprehensive EDX competency module in a PM&R residency program. Fifteen of 16 residents (94%) successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation element of the educational module by the end of their PGY-4 electrodiagnostic rotation. The resident who did not initially pass underwent remedial coursework and passed on the second attempt. Furthermore, the residents' proficiency as demonstrated by the evaluation after implementation of the standardized educational module positively correlated to an increase in resident SAE scores in EDX compared with resident scores before implementation of the educational module. Resident proficiency in EDX medicine skills and knowledge was objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tools is evidenced by collected data correlating with significantly improved SAE scores and American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM) exam scores, as outlined in the result section. In addition, the clinical development tool (procedure checklist) was validated by residents being individually observed performing skills and deemed competent by an AANEM-certified physician. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of EDX. PMID:18388558

Brown, David; Cuccurullo, Sara; Lee, Joseph; Petagna, Ann; Strax, Thomas

2008-08-01

283

The Effect of Computer Interactive Simulation on Situational Decision-Making and Competency Development of Experienced Staff Nurses  

E-print Network

THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER INTERACTIVE SIMULATION ON SITUATIONAL DECISION-MAKING AND COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIENCED STAFF NURSES ABSTRACT Simulation and gaming as learning methodologies are increasing in use. Many institutions, including...

Peterson, Bonnie Lou

2012-05-31

284

Thank you for taking the time to read and respond to the first part of the draft Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. The Information Literacy Competency Standards for  

E-print Network

Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. The Information Literacy Competency Standards, have become an essential document related to the emergence of information literacy as a recognized learning outcome at many institutions of higher education. They have defined information literacy

Kasman, Alex

285

Educational Accountability: The Issue of Competency-Based Education. Informational Bulletin 77-IB-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief discussion of the issues prompting concern with competency-based education (CBE) and an explanation of what it is and why it is so popular, this document goes on to discuss action Wisconsin and other states have taken to implement CBE. Very brief accounts are given of the minimal competency-type programs implemented in Sparta,…

Watchke, Gary A.

286

The Nurse Manager Academy: an innovative approach to managerial competency development.  

PubMed

The quality of nursing leadership has a powerful impact on nurse retention. Hospitals that employ effective nursing leaders report increased nursing satisfaction, increased group cohesiveness, decreased job stress, and decreased turnover (Wells, Roberts, & Medlin, 2002). The Institute for Johns Hopkins Nursing has developed a unique training program for nurse managers that employs a learner-centered approach and is designed to teach the leadership skills essential to successful nursing management. The Nurse Manager Academy prepares nurse managers to assume management roles with confidence and competence, making them more likely to succeed in one of the most challenging jobs in health care today. PMID:15495760

Maguire, Mairi Patricia; Spencer, Karen L; Sabatier, Kathleen H

2004-01-01

287

Operational competency development in E and F grade nursing staff: preparation for management.  

PubMed

There is limited literature for operational management competency development in E and F grade nursing staff. These grades of nursing staff have to take over from G grade nurses ward managers on a regular basis. With human resources doing less of the operational management and taking more of an advisory role, nursing staff are now required to deal with disciplinary procedures and other management issues in a more consistent manner. Therefore, this development programme in a Scottish primary care NHS psychiatric service was designed to enable E and F grade nurses to take over from ward managers and to enable ward managers to 'succession plan' for times when they will be absent. The literature is reviewed, the background to the development programme described and the design of the development programme is explained. The results from both the pilot study (n=13) and first group (n=8) through the course are presented, evaluated discussed. PMID:16787473

Porter, S; Anderson, L; Chetty, A; Dyker, S; Murphy, F; Cheyne, H; Latto, D; Grant, A; McLachlan, M; Wild, P; McDonald, A; Kettles, A M

2006-07-01

288

Regulation of Streptococcus pneumoniae clp Genes and Their Role in Competence Development and Stress Survival  

PubMed Central

In vitro mariner transposon mutagenesis of Streptococcus pneumoniae chromosomal DNA was used to isolate regulatory mutants affecting expression of the comCDE operon, encoding the peptide quorum-sensing two-component signal transduction system controlling competence development. A transposon insertion leading to increased comC expression was found to lie directly upstream from the S. pneumoniae clpP gene, encoding the proteolytic subunit of the Clp ATP-dependent protease, whose expression in Bacillus subtilis is controlled by the CtsR repressor. In order to examine clp gene regulation in S. pneumoniae, a detailed analysis of the complete genome sequence was performed, indicating that there are five likely CtsR-binding sites located upstream from the clpE, clpP, and clpL genes and the ctsR-clpC and groESL operons. The S. pneumoniae ctsR gene was cloned under the control of an inducible promoter and used to demonstrate regulation of the S. pneumoniae clpP and clpE genes and the clpC and groESL operons by using B. subtilis as a heterologous host. The CtsR protein of S. pneumoniae was purified and shown to bind specifically to the clpP, clpC, clpE, and groESL regulatory regions. S. pneumoniae ?ctsR, ?clpP, ?clpC, and ?clpE mutants were constructed by gene deletion/replacement. ClpP was shown to act as a negative regulator, preventing competence gene expression under inappropriate conditions. Phenotypic analyses also indicated that ClpP and ClpE are both required for thermotolerance. Contrary to a previous report, we found that ClpC does not play a major role in competence development, autolysis, pneumolysin production, or growth at high temperature of S. pneumoniae. PMID:11717289

Chastanet, Arnaud; Prudhomme, Marc; Claverys, Jean-Pierre; Msadek, Tarek

2001-01-01

289

Competencies in HRD. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium is comprised of three papers on competencies in human resource development (HRD). "The Development of a Competency Model and Assessment Instrument for Public Sector Leadership and Management Development" (Sharon S. Naquin, Elwood F. Holton III) reports on a streamlined methodology and process used to develop a competency model for…

2002

290

Effects of larval rearing temperature on immature development and West Nile virus vector competence of Culex tarsalis  

PubMed Central

Background Temperature is known to induce changes in mosquito physiology, development, ecology, and in some species, vector competence for arboviruses. Since colonized mosquitoes are reared under laboratory conditions that can be significantly different from their field counterparts, laboratory vector competence experiments may not accurately reflect natural vector-virus interactions. Methods We evaluated the effects of larval rearing temperature on immature development parameters and vector competence of two Culex tarsalis strains for West Nile virus (WNV). Results Rearing temperature had a significant effect on mosquito developmental parameters, including shorter time to pupation and emergence and smaller female body size as temperature increased. However, infection, dissemination, and transmission rates for WNV at 5, 7, and 14 days post infectious feeding were not consistently affected. Conclusions These results suggest that varying constant larval rearing temperature does not significantly affect laboratory estimates of vector competence for WNV in Culex tarsalis mosquitoes. PMID:22967798

2012-01-01

291

Competencies: A New Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

2002-01-01

292

A health resources inventory: The development of a measure of the personal and social competence of primary-grade children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of interrelated studies describe the scale development and empirical validation of the Health Resources Inventory (HRI), a teacher measure of primary-grade children's competency-related behavior. Oblique factor analysis of the HRI for matched samples ( N = 298 and N = 294) of 1st-3rd graders yielded comparable solutions, each with 5 internally consistent competence dimensions. Test-retest reliability was .87

Ellis L. Gesten

1976-01-01

293

New Developments in Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this conference was to: (1) improve reference and research library resources and services within its area by identifying, sharing and developing such resources and services and (2) further inter-library cooperation, communication and transportation of materials within the area of the Council. Aware that many information needs exist…

McAllister, Lois, Ed.

294

Social Information-Processing Skills Training to Promote Social Competence and Prevent Aggressive Behavior in the Third Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a school-based study designed to promote social competence and reduce aggressive behavior by strengthening children's skills in processing social information and regulating emotions. Three successive cohorts of 3rd graders (N = 548) from 2 schools participated. In 2000–2001, children received a routine health curriculum; in 2001–2002, students received the Making Choices: Social Problem Solving Skills for Children

Mark W. Fraser; Maeda J. Galinsky; Paul R. Smokowski; Steven H. Day; Mary A. Terzian; Roderick A. Rose; Shenyang Guo

2005-01-01

295

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically…

McKown, Clark; Gumbiner, Laura M.; Russo, Nicole M.; Lipton, Meryl

2009-01-01

296

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan; Medir, Magda; Ozgen, Sibel; Witt, Hans-Joerg

2011-08-31

297

Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

2008-01-01

298

Conspiracies and Competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universities and other higher education institutions are predominantly organizations that convey knowledge, more than developing competences - these are often the verbally proclaimed but only rarely achieved goals. There can be two reasons for this discrepancy. First, conveying informational as well as subject-specific and specialized knowledge can even today be planned, assessed, and checked much more easily than conveying competences - an approach for teaching, which needs new patterns of thought and actions. Teachers and learners, assistants and assessing staff, and especially actors and planners who are concerned with questions of educational politics therefore form a "conspiracy of assessors," which has chosen the simpler and seemingly safer approach. This approach, however, seems to be ignorant of future developments. Second, conveying competences needs different forms of learning and teaching than conveying knowledge. The question of the acquisition (interiorization) of rules, assessments, and results of assessments (= values) and norms in the form of the learners' own emotions and motivations is central. Becoming emotionally labilized is pivotal to this appropriation. Emotional labilization also provides a criterion for assessing the effectiveness of Web 2.0 instruments for developing competences.

Erpenbeck, John

299

Identification of Critical Behaviors for the Child Development Associate, Competency Areas II, IV and VI, Based on a Comprehensive Model of Competence for the Brevard Community College Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavioral criteria for (1) determining child development associate (CDA) trainee competency, (2) awarding college credit, and (3) designing individualized learning programs in CDA competency areas 2, 4, and 6 are provided in this report of an applied research project. Designed to interrelate CDA and Cooperative Assessment of Experiential Learning…

Geier, Suzanne S.

300

The development of relational competence among young high-risk fathers across the transition to parenthood.  

PubMed

This study examined relationship factors associated with paternal functioning among young, high-risk fathers, with an emphasis on the role of a young mother's relational competence on her partner's paternal functioning. Participants included 60 young fathers and their coparenting partners, who were identified before childbirth and followed over 2 years. Fathers were identified as being at high risk for paternal failure based on a history of school dropout, psychopathology, and/or serial fatherhood. It was hypothesized that young men who were more relationally competent before childbirth would function more adequately as fathers, despite their high-risk status. Based on principles of family systems theory, it was also predicted that young men with more relationally competent partners would become more relationally competent, and therefore learn to function more positively as fathers. Relational competence was assessed using interview data collected before and 2 years post child birth, and coded with the Relational Competence Index. Paternal functioning was based on a composite score consisting of self-reported and observed parenting. Path analysis indicated that (1) high-risk fathers with relationally competent partners had higher relational competence scores over time, and (2) higher relational competence scores were associated with more positive paternal functioning scores. PMID:21564060

Ngu, Le; Florsheim, Paul

2011-06-01

301

In-Service Development of Vocational Teachers for Competencies in Non-Farm Agricultural Occupations. Vocational Agriculture Special Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to help vocational agriculture teachers develop competencies needed in giving instruction in off-farm agricultural occupations, 10 teachers were selected from Mississippi schools to help develop training programs, to conduct a home community survey, and to engage in a work experience program. After completion of their training, each…

Snowden, Obed L.; McMinn, J. H.

302

Intentionality and Developing Researcher Competence on a UK Master's Course: An Ecological Perspective on Research Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an ecological perspective on the developing researcher competence of participants in the research education component of a professionally oriented master's course. There is a particular focus on the intentionality (as in "purpose") of the participants' research education activity. The data used to develop

Stelma, Juup; Fay, Richard

2014-01-01

303

A Review of the Child Development Associate Training Projects; National and Texas and Competency-Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the historical and theoretical background of the Child Development Project (CDA), started by the Office of Child Development because of an increased demand for quality day care. Competency-based teacher training requires a set of performance goals that includes a list of demonstrated behaviors, skills or knowledge which the…

Cook, Nancy

304

Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

2010-01-01

305

Stories of Personal Agency: Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Developing Intercultural Competence during a Semester Abroad in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of how students perceive their development of intercultural competence (IC), one of several study abroad learning outcomes, is important for better understanding how learning occurs in study abroad contexts. The purpose of this article is to explore undergraduate students' perceptions of developing IC during a semester abroad.…

Covert, Hannah H.

2014-01-01

306

The Influences of Student Engagement, Institutional Mission, and Cooperative Learning Climate on the Generic Competency Development of Korean Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using multilevel models, this study examined whether the strength of the association between student engagement and development of generic student competencies (GSCs) varies across Korean colleges. Data from the Korean Educational Development Institute's 2007 national sample and from 5,445 students representing 60 four-year colleges and…

Choi, Bo Keum; Rhee, Byung Shik

2014-01-01

307

Business-driven management development : developing competences which drive business performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explains how a process was designed and implemented to help a large, European subsidiary of a US MNC achieve its vision for management development. Covers the survey methodology, the implementation process, a change model for management development, the educational intervention, aspects of execution. Concludes the underlying intellectual framework is the concept of the development cycle which is driven by the

Fred Cannon

1995-01-01

308

Genetic competence in Bacillus subtilis.  

PubMed Central

Genetic competence may be defined as a physiological state enabling a bacterial culture to bind and take up high-molecular-weight exogenous DNA (transformation). In Bacillus subtilis, competence develops postexponentially and only in certain media. In addition, only a minority of the cells in a competent culture become competent, and these are physiologically distinct. Thus, competence is subject to three regulatory modalities: growth stage specific, nutritionally responsive, and cell type specific. This review summarizes the present state of knowledge concerning competence in B. subtilis. The study of genes required for transformability has permitted their classification into two broad categories. Late competence genes are expressed under competence control and specify products required for the binding, uptake, and processing of transforming DNA. Regulatory genes specify products that are needed for the expression of the late genes. Several of the late competence gene products have been shown to be membrane localized, and others are predicted to be membrane associated on the basis of amino acid sequence data. Several of these predicted protein sequences show a striking resemblance to gene products that are involved in the export and/or assembly of extracellular proteins and structures in gram-negative organisms. This observation is consistent with the idea that the late products are directly involved in transport of DNA and is equally consistent with the notion that they play a morphogenetic role in the assembly of a transport apparatus. The competence regulatory apparatus constitutes an elaborate signal transduction system that senses and interprets environmental information and passes this information to the competence-specific transcriptional machinery. Many of the regulatory gene products have been identified and partially characterized, and their interactions have been studied genetically and in some cases biochemically as well. These include several histidine kinase and response regulator members of the bacterial two-component signal transduction machinery, as well as a number of known transcriptionally active proteins. Results of genetic studies are consistent with the notion that the regulatory proteins interact in a hierarchical way to make up a regulatory pathway, and it is possible to propose a provisional scheme for the organization of this pathway. It is remarkable that almost all of the regulatory gene products appear to play roles in the control of various forms of postexponential expression in addition to competence, e.g., sporulation, degradative-enzyme production, motility, and antibiotic production. This has led to the notion of a signal transduction network which transduces environmental information to determine the levels and timing of expression of the ultimate products characteristic of each of these systems. PMID:1943994

Dubnau, D

1991-01-01

309

Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice. Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers shows how intercultural competence can be realized in the classroom. The 17 chapters include the following: (1) "The International Partnership Project" (Carol Morgan); (2) "Teaching Intercultural Communicative Competence through Literature" (Eva Burwitz-Melzer); (3) "'Up the Hills of Identity'" (Elena Tarasheva and Leah…

Byram, Michael, Ed.; Nichols, Adam, Ed.; Stevens, David, Ed.

310

The MacArthur Adjudicative Competence Study: Development and Validation of a Research Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment of competence to stand trial is a common evaluation that can have substantial consequences for defendants and the criminal justice system. Despite a voluminous literature, much remains unknown. An obstacle to progress in understanding what is better termed “adjudicative competence” is the absence of structured, standardized research measures for assessment of defendants. This article presents the legal framework, assessment

Steven K. Hoge; Richard J. Bonnie; Norman Poythress; John Monahan; Marlene Eisenberg; Thomas Feucht-Haviar

1997-01-01

311

Cultural Competence: Developing Policies To Address the Health Care Needs of Culturally Diverse Clientele  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home health care organizations striving to effectively serve their clientele may be experiencing barriers, one of which is serving a culturally and linguistically diverse population. The National Center for Cultural Competence (NCCC) identifies seven salient reasons in this article for incorporating cultural competence into organizational policy. The article provides an examplary definition that can be adapted and useful to home

Tawara D. Goode; Suganya Sockalingam

2000-01-01

312

Developing the Communicative Competence and Narrative Thinking of Four and Five Year Olds in Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's communicative competence is essential and predictive of their success in school. However, in England in recent years we have faced particular challenges inculcating this understanding into primary and early years teachers' practice. Furthermore, some studies have raised concerns about children's communicative competence on school entry.…

Wilde, Melanie E.; Sage, Rosemary

2007-01-01

313

Developing a Competency-Based Component for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies are identified for the four primary instructional areas of the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum: plant science, agricultural mechanics, natural resources, and animal science. The competencies for each instructional area are divided into those for exploratory units generally appropriate for instruction at the…

EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

314

Caregivers' Participation in the Oncology Clinic Visit Mediates the Relationship between Their Information Competence and Their Need Fulfillment and Clinic Visit Satisfaction  

PubMed Central

Objective Caregivers maintain critical roles in cancer patient care. Understanding cancer-related information effects both caregiver involvement and ability to have needs met. This study examines the mediating role caregiver’s clinic visit involvement has on the relationships between caregiver’s information competence and their need fulfillment and clinic visit satisfaction. Methods Secondary analysis of 112 advanced lung, breast, and prostate cancer caregivers participating in a large clinical trial. Caregiver information competence was assessed at pretest. Involvement, need fulfillment, and visit satisfaction were assessed immediately following the clinic appointment. Results Involvement correlated with information competence (r=.21,p<.05), need fulfillment (r=.48,p<.001), and satisfaction (r=.35,p<.001). The correlation between information competence and need fulfillment (r=.26,p<.01) decreased when controlling for involvement (r=.19,p=.049), demonstrating mediation, and accounted for 24.4% of the variance in need fulfillment. The correlation between information competence and satisfaction (r=.21,p=.04), decreased and was non-significant when controlling for involvement (r=.15,p=.11), demonstrating mediation, and accounted for 13% of variance in visit satisfaction. Conclusion Caregiver’s clinic visit involvement mediates the relationships between their information competence and their need fulfillment and visit satisfaction. Practice Implications Efforts to improve the caregiving experience, and potentially patient outcomes, should focus on system-wide approaches to facilitating caregivers’ involvement and assertiveness in clinical encounters. PMID:20880656

DuBenske, Lori L.; Chih, Ming-Yuan; Gustafson, David H.; Dinauer, Susan; Cleary, James F

2010-01-01

315

Development of replication-competent viral vectors for HIV vaccine delivery  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Briefly describe some of the replication-competent (RC) vectors being investigated for development of candidate HIV vaccines focusing primarily on technologies that have advanced to testing in macaques or have entered clinical trials. Recent findings RC viral vectors have advanced to the stage were decisions can be made regarding future development of HIV vaccines. The viruses being used as RC vector platforms vary considerably, and their unique attributes make it possible to test multiple vaccine design concepts and also mimic various aspects of an HIV infection. RC viral vectors encoding SIV or HIV proteins can be used to safely immunize macaques, and in some cases, there is evidence of significant vaccine efficacy in challenge protection studies. Several live HIV vaccine vectors are in clinical trials to evaluate immunogenicity, safety, the effect of mucosal delivery, and potential effects of pre-existing immunity. Summary A variety of DNA and RNA viruses are being used to develop RC viral vectors for HIV vaccine delivery. Multiple viral vector platforms have proven to be safe and immunogenic with evidence of efficacy in macaques. Some of the more advanced HIV vaccine prototypes based on vesicular stomatitis virus, vaccinia virus, measles virus, and Sendai virus are in clinical trials. PMID:23925000

Parks, Christopher L.; Picker, Louis J.; King, C. Richter

2014-01-01

316

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

2010-12-28

317

Tracheostomy management skills competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

This educational unit was developed to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents on tracheostomy management in non-ventilator-dependent patients and to implement an objective assessment format to measure the attainment of these skills. Thirty-one subjects participated in a 2-day didactic and hands-on workshop supervised by an attending physiatrist, certified speech pathologists, and registered nurses. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. To test the success of the standardized educational module, data have been collected on an ongoing basis for a period of 6 yrs. A before-and-after multiple-choice written examination, as well as simulated patient encounters consisting of eight segments divided into four stations, was used to assess knowledge acquisition and skill achievement. Before instruction, none of the 31 participants were able to perform appropriate tracheostomy care. After the workshop, 31 of 31 (100%) successfully demonstrated clinical proficiency in every segment of the evaluation element of the educational module. Furthermore, a significant increase in knowledge was observed in the multiple-choice examination from pretest to posttest (pretest, 52.7%; posttest, 84.5%). Participation in this module resulted in substantial acquisition of knowledge and skills regarding tracheostomy management for physical medicine and rehabilitation residents. PMID:22157437

Khademi, Allen; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Cerillo, Lynn M; Dibling, Janice; Wade, Chris; Liang, Jing; Martin, Michele L; Petagna, Ann Marie; Strax, Thomas E

2012-01-01

318

Cross-informant correlations on social competence and behavioral problems in Sami and Norwegian preadolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a community-based birth cohort from Arctic Norway, correlations between parents and teachers on child competence and behavioral\\u000a problems were determined for Sami and Norwegian 11–12 year-olds, using as instruments the child behavior checklist (CBCL),\\u000a teacher report form (TRF), and the impact supplement of the extended strength and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ). Parent–teacher\\u000a correlations on child behavioral problems were generally high

Cecilie Javo; John A. Rønning; Bjørn Helge Handegård; Floyd W. Rudmin

2009-01-01

319

Management Development: Using Internal or External Resources in Developing Core Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article defines management as a source of organizational competitive advantage and from the view that managers are some of the employees most vital to a firm. According to influential theories in the field of strategic management, such human assets should be protected, governed, and developed internally. In contrast to the traditional view of…

Espedal, Bjarne

2005-01-01

320

Perceived Levels of Cultural Competence through Social Work Education and Professional Development for Urban School Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to report on findings from an exploratory study that examines the linkages among social work education programs, professional development, and school social workers' perceived level of cultural competence in urban public school systems that have a majority African American student enrollment. This study seeks to shed…

Teasley, Martell L.

2005-01-01

321

PERCEIVED LEVELS OF CULTURAL COMPETENCE THROUGH SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR URBAN SCHOOL SOCIAL WORKERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to report on findings from an exploratory study that examines the linkages among social work education programs, professional development, and school social workers' perceived level of cultural competence in urban public school systems that have a majority African American student enrollment. This study seeks to shed light on the need to engage in empirical

Martell L. Teasley

2005-01-01

322

Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions on Development of Their IMD Competencies through TPACK-Based Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated perceived development of pre-service teachers in their Instructional Material Design (IMD) competencies through the course "Instructional Technology and Material Design," which is based on a technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge (TPACK) framework. A total of 22 Elementary Education pre-service…

Tokmak, Hatice Sancar; Yelken, Tugba Yanpar; Konokman, Gamze Yavuz

2013-01-01

323

The concept of competence in the development of vocational education and training in selected EU member states: a critical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution follows the descriptive review of Weigel, Mulder and Collins regarding the use of the competence concept in the development of vocational education and training in England, France, Germany and the Netherlands. The purpose of this contribution is to review the critical analyses brought forward by various authors in this field. This analysis also remarks on the most important

Martin Mulder; Tanja Weigel; Kate Collins

2007-01-01

324

Settling into School: The Importance of Early Friendships for the Development of Children's Social Understanding and Communicative Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the findings from a pilot study that investigated the effects of friendship on four and five year olds during their first term in school. Results suggested that friendship played an important part in developing children's social and communicative competencies and influenced children's performance in classroom-based learning activities. (BB)

Faulkner, Dorothy; Miell, Dorothy

1993-01-01

325

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

326

The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

Stewart, Richard Lee

327

A Study of Procedures for Developing and Implementing Life-Related Minimal Competency Programs in Fifteen States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concern of educators and the general public over the decline in basic skills achievement of students nationwide has led to a national push for results-oriented instruction and educational accountability. Many states are developing tests for life-related competencies which students should master during the schooling process. States moving…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

328

The Development Model of Knowledge Management via Web-Based Learning to Enhance Pre-Service Teacher's Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores that the model of knowledge management and web technology for teachers' professional development as well as its impact in the classroom on learning and teaching, especially in pre-service teacher's competency and practices that refer to knowledge creating, analyzing, nurturing, disseminating, and optimizing process as part…

Rampai, Nattaphon; Sopeerak, Saroch

2011-01-01

329

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

330

Internationalization at Home Alternatives to Study Abroad: Implications for Students' Development of Global, International, and Intercultural Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities are increasingly internationalizing their curricular and cocurricular efforts on campuses; subsequently, it is important to compare whether internationalization at home activities may be associated with students' self-reported development of global, international, and intercultural (GII) competencies. This study…

Soria, Krista M.; Troisi, Jordan

2014-01-01

331

Development and Field Test of Competency Based Instructional Material for a Career Mobility Program for Licensed Practical Nurses. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Associate Degree Nursing Program at Bergen Community College developed and field tested competency-based instructional modules in a program designed to allow licensed practical nurses to qualify to take the certification examination for registered nurses after a year of study. Thirteen licensed practical nurses were enrolled in the first class…

Bergen Community Coll., Paramus, NJ.

332

Student Perceptions of Teacher Support and Competencies for Fostering Youth Purpose and Positive Youth Development: Perspectives from Two Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the growing interest in the development of purpose in youth, one important role that requires attention is the school teacher. The current article explores student perceptions of the role teachers can play in fostering purpose in their students in the mid- and late adolescent years, and the teacher competencies that facilitate purpose…

Bundick, Matthew J.; Tirri, Kirsi

2014-01-01

333

> UtopiaCompression Corporation (UC) is a rapidly growing, High Tech > company with core competency in computational intelligence, developing  

E-print Network

. The candidates will perform cutting edge research in advanced computer vision techniques including candidate will be thoroughly versed in recent research and methods in the areas of computer vision, pattern competency in computational intelligence, developing > and marketing a range of intelligent technologies

Plotkin, Joshua B.

334

Novel Teaching Strategies to Develop Radiation Therapy Students' Competence when Treating Patients with Head and Neck Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This clinical teaching guide is intended to highlight strategies available to radiation therapists in order to promote knowledge, critical thinking, and treatment delivery competence among radiotherapy students when treating patients for cancers of the head and neck. Development of patient care skills through the use of role-playing will be discussed. A case study approach will be discussed in order to

James Loudon

2007-01-01

335

The Supervisor in the Project-Organized Group Work Should Participate in Developing the Students' Project Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most work done by engineers today is organized in projects and very often as teamwork. When educating towards employability, it is therefore important that the students develop competencies in areas such as project management, collaboration and teamwork. In companies using human resource management, we find similar expectations to the engineers'…

Hansen, Soren

2004-01-01

336

Genetic education and the challenge of genomic medicine: development of core competences to support preparation of health professionals in Europe.  

PubMed

The use of genetics and genomics within a wide range of health-care settings requires health professionals to develop expertise to practise appropriately. There is a need for a common minimum standard of competence in genetics for health professionals in Europe but because of differences in professional education and regulation between European countries, setting curricula may not be practical. Core competences are used as a basis for health professional education in many fields and settings. An Expert Group working under the auspices of the EuroGentest project and European Society of Human Genetics Education Committee agreed that a pragmatic solution to the need to establish common standards for education and practice in genetic health care was to agree to a set of core competences that could apply across Europe. These were agreed through an exhaustive process of consultation with relevant health professionals and patient groups. Sets of competences for practitioners working in primary, secondary and tertiary care have been agreed and were approved by the European Society of Human Genetics. The competences provide an appropriate framework for genetics education of health professionals across national boundaries, and the suggested learning outcomes are available to guide development of curricula that are appropriate to the national context, educational system and health-care setting of the professional involved. Collaboration between individuals from many European countries and professions has resulted in an adaptable framework for both pre-registration and continuing professional education. This competence framework has the potential to improve the quality of genetic health care for patients globally. PMID:20442748

Skirton, Heather; Lewis, Celine; Kent, Alastair; Coviello, Domenico A

2010-09-01

337

Development of an evaluation framework suitable for assessing humanitarian workforce competencies during crisis simulation exercises.  

PubMed

The need to provide a professionalization process for the humanitarian workforce is well established. Current competency-based curricula provided by existing academically affiliated training centers in North America, the United Kingdom, and the European Union provide a route toward certification. Simulation exercises followed by timely evaluation is one way to mimic the field deployment process, test knowledge of core competences, and ensure that a competent workforce can manage the inevitable emergencies and crises they will face. Through a 2011 field-based exercise that simulated a humanitarian crisis, delivered under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO), a competency-based framework and evaluation tool is demonstrated as a model for future training and evaluation of humanitarian providers. PMID:24429109

Cranmer, Hilarie; Chan, Jennifer L; Kayden, Stephanie; Musani, Altaf; Gasquet, Philippe E; Walker, Peter; Burkle, Frederick M; Johnson, Kirsten

2014-02-01

338

MCI Management Competencies and APL: The Way Forward for Management Education, Training and Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines assumptions about Britain's Management Charter Initiative (MCI)--a competency-based approach to management education. Explores delegate motivation, significant in the process of accrediting prior learning. (JOW)

Baker, Barry R.

1991-01-01

339

Enterprise Information Architecture for Mission Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the concept of an information architecture to assist in mission development. The integrate information architecture will create a unified view of the information using metadata and the values (i.e., taxonomy).

Dutra, Jayne

2007-01-01

340

The role of simulation in the development of technical competence during surgical training: a literature review  

PubMed Central

Objectives To establish the current state of knowledge on the effect of surgical simulation on the development of technical competence during surgical training. Methods Using a defined search strategy, the medical and educational literature was searched to identify empirical research that uses simulation as an educational intervention with surgical trainees. Included studies were analysed according to guidelines adapted from a Best Evidence in Medical Education review. Results A total of 32 studies were analysed, across 5 main categories of surgical simulation technique - use of bench models and box trainers (9 studies); Virtual Reality (14 studies); human cadavers (4 studies); animal models (2 studies) and robotics (3 studies). An improvement in technical skill was seen within the simulated environment across all five categories. This improvement was seen to transfer to the real patient in the operating room in all categories except the use of animals. Conclusions Based on current evidence, surgical trainees should be confident in the effects of using simulation, and should have access to formal, structured simulation as part of their training. Surgical simulation should incorporate the use of bench models and box trainers, with the use of Virtual Reality where resources allow. Alternatives to cadaveric and animal models should be considered due to the ethical and moral issues surrounding their use, and due to their equivalency with other simulation techniques. However, any use of surgical simulation must be tailored to the individual needs of trainees, and should be accompanied by feedback from expert tutors.

2013-01-01

341

[Evaluation of nursing teachers' competencies to develop educational programs for adults].  

PubMed

To evaluate the performance that nursing teachers assigned to themselves in the skills to develop educational programs for adults, was the aim of this descriptive, comparative, cross-sectional study, performed with 226 teachers of undergraduate nursing courses from Sao Paulo. Data were collected by Likert scale, introduced in Excel® spreadsheet and analyzed using descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests of Wilcoxon and Friedman. The population was predominantly between 46-55 years (87/38, 49%) were women (198/87, 61%) and have a master degree (180/79, 65%). The teachers were far from reaching the competences which they sought. The lower skill was in building the design of programs to meet the learning situations and, the bigger, in evaluating educational programs. The greatest desire was to design programs with creative formats, and the smaller, was to use councils, committees and task force. It was concluded that designing educational programs for adults is still something unexplored and little experienced by these teachers. PMID:24008708

Draganov, Patricia Bover; Sanna, Maria Cristina

2013-01-01

342

Perception of competence in middle school physical education: instrument development and validation.  

PubMed

Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A multiphase design was used consisting of an intensive theoretical review, elicitation study, prepilot study, pilot study, content validation study, and final validation study (N=1281). Data analysis included a multistep iterative process to identify the best model fit. A three-factor model for POC was tested and resulted in root mean square error of approximation = .09, root mean square residual = .07, goodness offit index = .90, and adjusted goodness offit index = .86 values in the acceptable range (Hu & Bentler, 1999). A two-factor model was also tested and resulted in a good fit (two-factor fit indexes values = .05, .03, .98, .97, respectively). The results of this study suggest that an instrument using a three- or two-factor model provides reliable and valid scores ofPOC measurement in middle school PE. PMID:20387398

Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

2010-03-01

343

A core competency model for aligning information technology with business objectives  

E-print Network

Advances in Information Technology and Information Systems delivery over the past decades have restructured industries and created enormous value. Interestingly however, research shows companies traditionally have a very ...

Campbell, Kurt (Kurt A.)

2007-01-01

344

Cosmetology. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 17 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

345

Development and validation of the competence in evidence based practice questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among nursing students  

PubMed Central

Background Nursing educators need rigorously developed instruments to assess competency in evidence based practice (EBP) at undergraduate level. This concept is defined as the capability to choose and use an integrated combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes with the intention to develop a task in a certain context. Also, we understand that EBP is gaining knowledge and skills, as well as increasing positive attitudes toward EBP that will promote a change in behaviour to implement EBP in practice. This study aims to develop a psychometric test of the Evidence Based Practice Evaluation Competence Questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among undergraduate nursing students. Methods The questionnaire was developed by item generation through a review of scientific literature and focus groups. The instrument was validated in terms of content validity through an expert review. The EBP-COQ was administered to a cohort of nursing students (n =100) to evaluate test reliability and select the best items. Psychometric properties of the final instrument were assessed in a sample of 261 nursing students. Results The EBP-COQ consisted of 25 items. A factorial analysis grouped the items into the three categories that define competence relating to EBP: attitude, knowledge and skills. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.888 for the entire questionnaire. The factor solution explained 55.55% of the variance. Conclusions EBP-COQ appears to measure with adequate reliability the attributes of undergraduate nursing students’ competence in EBP. The instrument is quick to disseminate and easy to score, making it a suitable instrument for nursing educators to evaluate students’ self-perceived competence in EBP. PMID:23391040

2013-01-01

346

A Competency-Based Approach to Preparing Staff as Recreation and Youth Development Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth are often the primary group for parks and recreation organizations, yet recreation professionals are often not adequately prepared in the principles and practices of youth development. Similarly, youth workers outside the recreation field often lack information on basic recreation program design and activity leadership. Improving access to…

Barcelona, Robert J.; Hurd, Amy R.; Bruggeman, Jennifer A.

2011-01-01

347

Testing the Causal Mediation Component of Dodge's Social Information Processing Model of Social Competence and Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Dodge's model of "social information processing" depression is the result of a linear sequence of five stages of information processing ("Annu Rev Psychol" 44: 559-584, 1993). These stages follow a person's reaction to situational stimuli, such that each stage of information processing mediates the relationship between earlier and later stages.…

Possel, Patrick; Seemann, Simone; Ahrens, Stefanie; Hautzinger, Martin

2006-01-01

348

Religious competence as cultural competence  

PubMed Central

Definitions of cultural competence often refer to the need to be aware and attentive to the religious and spiritual needs and orientations of patients. However, the institution of psychiatry maintains an ambivalent attitude to the incorporation of religion and spirituality into psychiatric practice. This is despite the fact that many patients, especially those from underserved and underprivileged minority backgrounds, are devotedly religious and find much solace and support in their religiosity. I use the case of mental health of African Americans as an extended example to support the argument that psychiatric services must become more closely attuned to religious matters. I suggest ways in which this can be achieved. Attention to religion can aid in the development of culturally competent and accessible services, which in turn, may increase engagement and service satisfaction among religious populations. PMID:22421686

2012-01-01

349

Medical Assisting Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains medical assisting competencies and competency-based performance objectives, learning activities, resources, and levels of achievement for each competency that were adapted and developed by instructors of medical assisting to suit the needs and legal parameters of Pennsylvania. The competencies and associated elements are…

Richards, Beverly; And Others

350

Advancing Development of Intercultural Competence through Supporting Predictions in Narrative Video  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most successes in intelligent tutoring systems have come in well-defined domains like algebra or physics. We investigate how to support students in acquiring ill-defined skills of intercultural competence using an online environment that employs clips of feature films from a target culture. To test the effectiveness of a set of attention-focusing…

Ogan, Amy; Aleven, Vincent; Jones, Christopher

2009-01-01

351

Developing and Assessing Multicultural Competence with a Focus on Culture and Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The search for culturally appropriate art therapy practice has historically focused on personal exploration and the infusion of a multicultural perspective in academic and applied experiences. The purpose of this article is to strengthen awareness of the personal and professional competencies necessary for culturally responsible practice. Three…

ter Maat, Mercedes B.

2011-01-01

352

Competence Based Management Development Provision to SMEs and the Providers' Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A British study of 29 providers of competency-based management training to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and a survey of 591 SMEs revealed that the value of National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) was unclear to both groups. Providers felt NVQs lacked relevance to SMEs and were time consuming. Some SMEs participated only because…

Smith, Alison; Whittaker, John; Clark, John Loan; Boocock, Graham

1999-01-01

353

Development of "All about Me," a Scale that Measures Children's Perceived Motor Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces "All about Me," an instrument useful to occupational-therapy researchers and clinicians in evaluating the perceptions of children who feel themselves to be less competent in performing daily motor tasks. Reports on tests of its validity and reliability. (JOW)

Missiuna, Cheryl

1998-01-01

354

Interventional pain management skills competency in pain medicine fellows: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

The purposes of this project were to propose an educational module to instruct pain medicine fellows in the appropriate performance of interventional pain management techniques and to verify procedural competency through objective evaluation methodology. Eight board-certified pain medicine physicians spanning two fellowship programs trained seven fellows using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (American Board of Anesthesiology Pain Medicine Content Outline). The seven fellows demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module. Objective measures compared the fellows' performance on standardized procedure checklists administered 9 mos into training; fellows in the 2012-2013 academic year also received testing at the 3-mo mark. Support for the assessment module is demonstrated by appropriate performance of interventional procedures, with improvement noted from 3-mo to 9-mo testing, successful completion of chart-stimulated oral examinations, proper performance of relevant physical examination maneuvers, and completion of program-specific medical knowledge written tests. The fellows were evaluated via patient surveys and 360-degree global rating scales, maintained procedure logs, and completed two patient-care reports; these were reviewed by program directors to ensure adequate completion. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology presented provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of interventional pain management. PMID:25033098

McElroy, Kevin; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Perret-Karimi, Danielle; Hata, Justin; Ferrer, Steven M; Demesmin, Didier; Petagna, Ann Marie

2014-08-01

355

Cognitive Socialization and Competence: The Academic Development of Chicanos. Chapter 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter focuses on the innermost level of Bronfenbrenner's four-level conception of the human environmental ecology, namely the microsystem, and more specifically, the child's socialization in the family. Following discussion of concepts related to socialization, competence, and environmental ecology, selected research studies are reviewed to…

Laosa, Luis M.; Henderson, Ronald W.

356

Developing Cultural Competency in Early Childhood Preservice Educators Through a Cultural Self-Analysis Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today more than ever, preparation for diversity is essential for all teachers. Hence, teacher preparation programs are charged with preparing culturally competent teachers who have the knowledge, skills, and disposition to work with children and families from cultures different from their own. This article investigates an innovative approach, the Cultural Self-Analysis (CSA) Project, to accomplish this task with 26 prospective

Kevin J. Miller; David P. Fuller

2006-01-01

357

Developing Cultural Competency in Early Childhood Preservice Educators through a Cultural Self-Analysis Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today more than ever, preparation for diversity is essential for all teachers. Hence, teacher preparation programs are charged with preparing culturally competent teachers who have the knowledge, skills, and disposition to work with children and families from cultures different from their own. This article investigates an innovative approach, the…

Miller, Kevin J.; Fuller, David P.

2006-01-01

358

Motor Development: Exploring the Motor Competence of 4-Year-Old Norwegian Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied motor competence in 4-year-old children in Norway and tested 91 children using the Movement ABC test. Most striking was that only 1 of the 91 would be classified as "clumsy" within the fifth percentile of U.S. norms, and 7 children were "borderline." Seven of these eight children were boys. (SLD)

Sigmundsson, Hermundur; Rostoft, Marianne Stolan

2003-01-01

359

Workplace-Based Competence Measurement: Developing Innovative Assessment Systems for Tomorrow's VET Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a consequence of the large-scale assessment studies (TIMMS; PISA) in compulsory schooling, attention is now being given to the modelling and measurement of competencies in initial vocational education and training. This new output-led perspective of teaching/training and learning/working processes demands new approaches to research. Using the…

Achtenhagen, Frank; Winther, Esther

2014-01-01

360

Opportunities for the Development of Communicative Competence for Children in an Orphanage in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Orphanage life places children at risk of developmental delay, particularly with regard to speech and language acquisition. The aim of this study was to evaluate opportunities for children in an orphanage in South Africa to acquire communicative competence, by examining adult-child and child-child interactions and by evaluating the structure and…

Levin, Karen; Haines, Sarah

2007-01-01

361

Perspectives on Competency-Based Professional Development in the USA and Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph describes and analyzes the implementation and impact of performance (competency)-based teacher education (P/CBTE) in both the United States and Australia. The monograph consists of a series of nine papers dealing with the significance of the implementation of P/CBTE, what the movement is and how this type of education works, an…

Harris, Roger McL.

362

Computer Applications in Counselor Education: Developing Cultural Competencies through Online Collaboration of Future School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the applications of computer-mediated student collaboration in a graduate multicultural counseling course. The course work included a reflective cultural competency building assignment that utilized online communication and collaboration using a wiki to extend and improve students' multicultural counseling and social justice…

Ilieva, Vessela; Erguner-Tekinalp, Bengu

2012-01-01

363

A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were 88…

Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

2013-01-01

364

Mirroring, Gestaltswitching and Transformative Social Learning: Stepping Stones for Developing Sustainability Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify components and educational design principles for strengthening sustainability competence in and through higher education. Design/methodology/approach: This is a conceptual paper that uses an exemplary autobiographical empirical case study in order to illustrate and support a line of reasoning.…

Wals, Arjen E. J.

2010-01-01

365

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TEST OF DEAF CHILDREN'S LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A PENCIL-AND-PAPER TEST WAS CONSTRUCTED TO STUDY DEAF CHILDREN'S LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE (ABILITY TO PRODUCE AND COMPREHEND THE GRAMMATICAL SENTENCES COMPRISING A LANGUAGE). THE TEST WAS TO REFLECT LINGUISTIC ASPECTS OF A CHILD'S BEHAVIOR, BUT NOT EXTRALINGUISTIC ASPECTS SUCH AS READING AND WRITING. IT CONSISTED OF FIVE SUBTESTS--(1) REPETITION OF…

COOPER, ROBERT L.; KAYE, JONATHAN D.

366

Molecular Microbiology (2001) 40(3), 700707 Competence development by Haemophilus influenzae is  

E-print Network

is regulated by the availability of nucleic acid precursors Leah P. Macfadyen,1² David Chen,2 Hung C. Vo,2 this signal, competence induction was examined in media supplemented with nucleic acid precursors. These observations are consistent with models of compe- tence regulation, in which depleted purine pools signal

Chen, David D.Y.

367

Developing Social and Personal Competence in the First Year of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The available research on first-year college outcomes remains highly segmented (Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005) and surprisingly incomplete (Upcraft et al., 2005), particularly as it relates to psychosocial outcomes like social and personal competence. This study, based on data from nearly 6,700 students and 5,000 faculty members on 30 campuses…

Reason, Robert Dean; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Domingo, Robert J.

2007-01-01

368

Achievement Gap and Developing Cultural Competency Skills for Post-Secondary Teacher Education Program Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emphasis on multicultural education and cultural competency has been a popular subject among teacher educators and scholars (Cochran-Smith, 2001; Ladson-Billings, 1995, 1999a, 1999b; Ladson-Billings, 2003, 2006; Perry, Moore, Acosta, Edwards, & Frey, 2006; Sleeter, 2008, 2009; Sleeter & Stillman, 2005; Sleeter,1991, 2001, 2008; Sleeter &…

Ozturgut, Osman

2012-01-01

369

77 FR 65550 - Compete, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...order. Compete develops software for tracking consumers...version of its tracking software as the Compete Toolbar...of the registration process for the Consumer Input...would install tracking software. In addition, Compete...1) It stripped all personal information out of...

2012-10-29

370

Information and Communication in Lean Product Development  

E-print Network

In this thesis, the implications and influences that information and communication impose on lean product development in general, as well as the development of a lean Product Development Value Stream Display (lean PDVSD) ...

Graebsch, Martin

371

Informal Learning in the Workplace: Unmasking Human Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the rhetoric surrounding the notion of informal learning in order to expand debate about the uses of informal learning in workplaces and about attempts to "recognize" it through competency-based standards. The following topics are among those discussed in the book's eight chapters: (1) the nature of informal learning in the…

Garrick, John

372

Leadership Competencies Leadership: Applies leadership competencies to successfully execute strategy.  

E-print Network

#12;Leadership Competencies Leadership: Applies leadership competencies to successfully execute · IDENTIFIES AND DEVELOPS TALENT Develops leadership in others through coaching, mentoring, rewarding (ANALYTICAL, SYSTEMIC, CREATIVE) Identifies and integrates the critical elements of a situation, making

Doudna, Jennifer A.

373

Social justice: a framework for culturally competent care.  

PubMed

Nurse scholars with expertise in global health and culturally competent care recently proposed standards of practice for culturally competent nursing care that are founded on social justice as a broad framework. The purpose of this article is to respond to invited dialogue about the standards and to offer commentary on social justice and its relationship with context, advocacy, leadership, and culturally competent care. A model of culturally competent care for vulnerable groups informs this discussion. The context and culture that surround migrant and seasonal farmworkers illustrate how social justice illuminates their health inequities and necessitates their need for culturally competent care. The article concludes with recommendations for culturally competent education, practice, and research and offers suggestions for developing culturally competent interventions for migrant and seasonal farmworkers. PMID:21844247

Clingerman, Evelyn

2011-10-01

374

Coverage of Competencies in the Curriculum of Information Studies: An International Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the collective judgments of a group of academics from North America, Southeast Asia and the Arabian Gulf region, as well as leading practitioners from the Arabian Gulf region, about the content of graduate degrees in information studies. The participants generally agreed about the content of the curriculum of information studies. The most…

ur Rehman, Sajjad; Al-Ansari, Husain; Yousef, Nibal

2002-01-01

375

Conversational Apprentices: Helping Children Become Competent Informants about Their Own Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alleged victims of child abuse are often the only sources of information about the crimes, and this places them in the role of experts when conversing about their experiences. Despite developmental deficiencies in memory, cognition, communication skills, and social style, researchers have shown that children's informativeness in such conversations…

Lamb, Michael E.; Brown, Deirdre A.

2006-01-01

376

Computer Sciences Applied to Management at Open University of Catalonia: Development of Competences of Teamworks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teamwork is considered one of the most important professional skills in today's business environment. More specifically, the collaborative work between professionals and information technology managers from various functional areas is a strategic key in competitive business. Several university-level programs are focusing on developing these skills. This article presents the case of the course Computer Science Applied to Management (hereafter CSAM) that has been designed with the objective to develop the ability to work cooperatively in interdisciplinary teams. For their design and development have been addressed to the key elements of efficiency that appear in the literature, most notably the establishment of shared objectives and a feedback system, the management of the harmony of the team, their level of autonomy, independence, diversity and level of supervision. The final result is a subject in which, through a working virtual platform, interdisciplinary teams solve a problem raised by a case study.

Pisa, Carlos Cabañero; López, Enric Serradell

377

Hepatitis C Virus Infection Increases Risk of Developing End-Stage Renal Disease Using Competing Risk Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are closely linked and both increase patient mortality. The association of HCV and risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has not been analyzed with competing risk model. Method We enrolled a prospective cohort of 4,185 patients (mean age, 62 years; 41% female) registered in the CKD integrated care program at two affiliated hospitals of Kaohsiung Medical University in Taiwan between November 11, 2002 and May 31, 2009. With competing risk model, we analyzed the association of HCV infection, defined by seropositive of anti-HCV antibody, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, defined by seropositive of HBV surface antigen, with the risk of entering ESRD. Results The prevalence of HCV infection was 7.6% and it increased with the CKD stages (trend test, P<0.001), while the prevalence of HBV infection was 7.4% and no specific trend among CKD stages (tend test, P?=?0.1). During the 9,101 person-year follow-up period, there were 446 death and 1,205 patients entering ESRD. After adjusting death as the competing risk, the estimated 5-year cumulative incidence rate of ESRD among patients with and without HCV infection were 52.6% and 38.4%, respectively (modified log-rank, P<0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that HCV infection, but not HBV infection, had higher risk of developing ESRD compared with cases without infection (HCV, HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.07–1.62; HBV, HR: 1.10, 95% CI: 0.89–1.35). Subgroup analyses showed consistent results. Conclusions With death-adjusted competing risk analysis, HCV infection is associated with an increased risk of developing ESRD in CKD cohort. PMID:24971499

Lee, Jia-Jung; Lin, Ming-Yen; Chang, Jung-San; Hung, Chi-Chih; Chang, Jer-Ming; Chen, Hung-Chun; Yu, Ming-Lung; Hwang, Shang-Jyh

2014-01-01

378

Developing Competency-Based Activities and Evaluation Instruments for the Advertising Service Area of Distribution. Final Report. Leadership Development Series: Advertising Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide materials for a national exchange program and a Pennsylvania activities bank, a project was designed to produce materials for teacher-coordinators of high school distributive education. The project objectives were to (1) review and evaluate competencies necessary for advertising service careers, (2) develop activities and evaluative…

Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Div. of Teacher Development.

379

Adenosine monophosphate affects competence development and plasmid DNA transformation in Escherichia coli.  

PubMed

Artificial plasmid DNA transformation of Escherichia coli induced by calcium chloride is a routine technique in molecular biology and genetic engineering processes, but its mechanism has remained elusive. Because adenosine monophosphate (AMP) has been found to regulate natural transformation in Haemophilus influenza, we aimed to investigate the effects of AMP and its derivatives on E. coli transformation by treating competence with different concentrations of them. Analysis of the transformation efficiencies revealed that AMP inhibited the artificial plasmid DNA transformation of E. coli in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, we found that AMP had no effect on the expression of the transformed gene but that the intracellular AMP level of the competent cells rose after a 6 h treatment. These results suggested that the intracellular AMP level had an important role in E. coli transformation. And these have useful implications for the further investigation of the mechanism of E. coli transformation. PMID:23743599

Zhang, Yan; Li, Wenhua; Wang, Liming; Shen, Ping; Xie, Zhixiong

2013-11-01

380

Recombinant human growth differentiation factor-9 improves oocyte reprogramming competence and subsequent development of bovine cloned embryos.  

PubMed

Previously, we found that oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) secreted by denuded oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM) enhance subsequent development of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. This treatment requires many oocytes during IVM. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate whether supplementing with recombinant growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF9), one of crucial OFSs, in oocyte maturation medium could improve developmental competence of bovine oocytes and subsequent development of cloned embryos. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from antral follicles of bovine ovaries collected from an abattoir were cultured with (SCNT+GDF9 group) or without (SCNT group) 200 ng/mL recombinant human GDF9 in oocyte maturation medium. After 22 h, metaphase II (MII) oocytes were used for SCNT. The presence of 200 ng/mL GDF9 significantly increased oocyte maturation rates, the cleavage rate, and blastocyst formation rates of bovine cloned embryos. The blastocyst total, inner cell mass (ICM) cell numbers, and ratio of ICM:TE were higher, whereas the rate of apoptosis in bovine cloned blastocysts was lower in the SCNT+GDF9 group than in the SCNT group. The histone modifications at various sites were also different between each group. These results suggest that COCs cultured with recombinant GDF9 in oocyte maturation medium improve oocyte developmental competence and subsequent developmental competence of cloned embryo in cattle. PMID:24840335

Su, Jianmin; Hu, Guangdong; Wang, Yongsheng; Liang, Dong; Gao, Mingqing; Sun, Hongzheng; Zhang, Yong

2014-08-01

381

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The role of information ,technology in achieving ,a sustainable ,economy ,for the planet is discussed. The fundamental concern is considered to be ecosystem stress, with the specific, most immediate,threats being in seven ,areas: 1) global warming ,due principally to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emission, 2) problems associated with growing food, 3) water supply and effects ofdiversions, 4) fisheries depletion, 5)

James R. Sheats

1999-01-01

382

Information Exchange for theInformation Exchange for the Development of SustainableDevelopment of Sustainable  

E-print Network

Information Exchange for theInformation Exchange for the Development of SustainableDevelopment of Sustainable Wood Process IndustryWood Process Industry Luo xinjian Research Institutÿÿof Forestry Information-logging.info/item_single.php?item=presentation&item_id=135&approach_id=8 #12;#12;Information Sharing or exchange between Governor andInformation Sharing

383

Performance Measures of Cultural Competency in Mental Health Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors utilized numerous documents created by advisory groups, expert panels and multicultural focus groups to develop performance measures for assessing the cultural competency of mental health systems. Competency was measured within three levels of organizational structure: administrative, provider network, and individual care-giver. Indicators, measures and data sources for needs assessment, information exchange, services, human resources, plans and policies, and

Carole Siegel; Ethel Davis-Chambers; Gary Haugland; Rheta Bank; Carmen Aponte; Harriet McCombs

2000-01-01

384

Competency-Related Bibliography for School Media Specialists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recognition of the increasing emphasis on competency-based certification, this annotated bibliography of 41 school media texts has been prepared to help school media specialists find information related to specific competencies in order to improve skills or resolve problems, and to aid media educators in developing topical reading lists. When…

Smith, Jane Bandy; Trice, Ronald W.

385

The MacArthur Treatment Competence Study. I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first of three papers reporting the results of the MacArthur Treatment Competence Study, a project designed to develop reliable and valid information with which to address clinical and policy questions regarding the abilities of persons with mental illness to make decisions about psychiatric treatment. Four commonly applied legal standards for determining decision-making competence are described: abilities to

Paul S. Appelbaum; Thomas Grisso

1995-01-01

386

Integrating marketing and information services functions: a complementarity and competence perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrating two disparate functions in organizations—marketing and information services (IS)—has become a critical business\\u000a concern due to the increasing use of information technology (IT) to find and open new markets, deliver improved services to\\u000a customers, and streamline internal marketing processes. This study appears to be the first to empirically examine the dynamics\\u000a of bringing these distinct groups of specialists together.

Cheryl Nakata; Zhen Zhu; Elif Izberk-Bilgin

387

Defining Competencies for Associate Degree Nursing Education and Practice. Proceedings of the Midwest Regional Conference on "The Associate Degree Nursing--Facilitating Competency Development" Project (Chicago, Illinois, March 10-11, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on "Associate Degree Nursing--Facilitating Competency Development," a 3-year project sponsored by the Midwest Alliance in Nursing (MAIN) to explore and recommend ways of strengthening Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) education and service, these proceedings contain papers by individuals involved with the development of the project and those…

Minckley, Barbara B., Ed.; Walters, Mary Dale, Ed.

388

Competency Process Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography consists of resource material used in the formulation and development of "competency process," a collaborative approach to designing and implementing competency based teacher education by energizing creative abilities, developing staff commitment, and utilizing group process and problem solving methodology. The bibliography…

Woodward, Lois K.; And Others

389

Cultural Competence: A Conceptual Framework for Library and Information Science Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's twenty-first-century library and information science (LIS) professionals are faced with the challenge of a growing population of individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds, many of whom are from minority and underserved populations representing the poorest segments of society with little or no experience with libraries. This article…

Overall, Patricia Montiel

2009-01-01

390

How To Compete: The Impact Of Workplace Practices And Information Technology On Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a unique nationally representative sample of businesses, we examine the impact of workplace practices, information technology, and human capital investments on productivity. We estimate an augmented Cobb-Douglas production function with both cross section and panel data covering the period of 1987-1993, using both within and GMM estimators. We find that it is not whether an employer adopts

Sandra E. Black; Lisa M. Lynch

2001-01-01

391

Incorporating data literacy into information literacy programs: Core competencies and contents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing importance of data in society in general and scientific domains in particular, mirrored in the Open Data initiative and in the advent of eScience, requires public, school and academic libraries to contribute to both data and information literacy, as part of their mission to further knowledge and innovation in their respective fields of action. No specific library standards

2013-01-01

392

[Competence in and uses for information technology at the Training Institute in Nursing].  

PubMed

After the presentation of three references to Information and communication technology (ICT) skills, the capacity of trainers training institute in nursing are explored through a survey of opinion. The use in the professional practice of these skills is captured by a dichotomous terms question. PMID:22616366

Avilez, Antoine

2012-03-01

393

Linking the prevention of problem behaviors and positive youth development: Core competencies for positive youth development and risk prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we present a brief review of the developmental literature linking healthy adjustment to five core competencies: (1) positive sense of self, (2) self- control, (3) decision-making skills, (4) a moral system of belief, and (5) proso- cial connectedness. A central premise of this chapter and the rest of the volume is that promoting mastery of social and

Nancy G. Guerra; Catherine P. Bradshaw

2008-01-01

394

RUNNING TITLE: Development of sport gender stereotypes Development of gender stereotypes relative to sport competence and value during  

E-print Network

to examine through a longitudinal design how sex stereotypes concerning athletic competence5 and value differ.14 Key-Words: adolescence; sport; self-concept; motivation15 16 #12;1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Boyer, Edmond

395

The Development of Communicative Competence [Research and Development Needs and Priorities for the Education of American Indians]. A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems in the measurement of communicative competence of American Indian children are discussed in this position paper. Problems include the failure of traditional observations and measurements, and judgments by educators based on non-Indian experiences and expectations. Some trends in contemporary research concerned with these problems are…

John, Vera

396

Development and Implementation of a Curriculum to Develop Social Competence for Students with Visual Impairments in Germany. Practice Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown, and educators in the field have acknowledged, that students with visual impairments (those who are blind or have low vision) who are in general education, as well as in special education, settings, can lack social competence (Bauman, 1973; Davidow, 1974; Doll, 1953; Hatlen, 2000, 2003; Huebner, 1986; Sacks, Kekelis, &…

Wagner, Elke

2004-01-01

397

Information Transfer as Technical Assistance for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines trends in assistance strategies and types of international organizations as sources of information transfer for development. Highlights include impact of development policies (modernization theory, basic needs policy, dependency theory, adjustment theory), telematics and technical assistance (transborder data flow, information policies),…

Dosa, Marta L.

1985-01-01

398

Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and persistence. In this study screening, collection, identification and expression of stable and technological microbial strains living in soils and in the rhizosphere of abundant weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were conducted. A total of 98 bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere were assessed for biocontrol activity in vitro against phytopathogenic fungi including Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium heterosporum, Fusarium oxysporum, Drechslera teres, Bipolaris sorokiniana, Piricularia oryzae, Botrytis cinerea, Colletothrichum atramentarium and Cladosporium sp., Stagonospora nodorum. Biocontrol activity were performed by the following methods: radial and parallel streaks, "host - pathogen" on the cuts of wheat leaves. A culture collection comprising 64 potential biocontrol agents (BCA) against wheat and barley root diseases has been established. Of these, the most effective were 8 isolates inhibitory to at least 4 out of 5 phytopathogenic fungi tested. The remaining isolates inhibited at least 1 of 5 fungi tested. Growth stimulating activity of proposed rhizobacteria-based preparations was estimated using seedling and vegetative pot techniques. Seeds-inoculation and the tests in laboratory and field conditions were conducted for different agricultural crops - wheat and barley. Intact cells, liquid culture filtrates and crude extracts of the four beneficial bacterial strains isolated from the rhizosphere of weed were studied to stimulate plant growth. As a result, four bacterial strains selected from rhizosphere of weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were chosen as a core of collection of 98 pure cultures with high fungicidal and plant growth-stimulating potentials. Partial determination of nucleotide sequence of 16S ribosomes of tested bacteria indicated that Pseudomonas and Bacillus species were the most dominant bacteria exhibiting biocontrol activity. Typing of bacterial strains was performed on the basis of partial determination of nucleotide sequence 16S ribosome of the studying strain. For this purpose polymerase chain reaction (PCR), using specific primers was provided with chromosomal DNA of bacterial strain under study. After determination of nucleotide sequences of the obtained PCR-fragments, the data obtained was compared with the sequences available in the bank of data (GENEBANK: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), with the aim to determine close related strain to the organism under study. When the level of homology exceeded the level of 98%, one could conclude that the strain under study was identical to the available in the bank of data. Amplification and sequencing of gene 16S pDNA was performed using universal for the majority of prokaryotes primers. Thermopolimerase Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas», dNTP -«Fermentas» was used for amplification. While performing PCR, reagent concentrations corresponded to the protocols described in a set Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas». DNA separation from the sample was performed with DNeasy Plant Mini Kit «QIAGEN». DNA separation from gel was performed with QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit«QIAGEN». Phylogenetic affinity was determined on the basis of the comparison of nucleotide sequence - 400 nucleotides that approximately corresponded to the positions from 500 to 907 nucleotides by nomenclature of E.coli. Primary analysis of the similarity of nucleotide sequences of genes 16S ?DNA of the strains under study was performed on the basis of data Genbank. Sequences were aligned according to nucleotide sequences of those bacteria, which had the highest degree of homology with the strains under study, applyin

Mashinistova, A. V.; Elchin, A. A.; Gorbunova, N. V.; Muratov, V. S.; Kydralieva, K. A.; Khudaibergenova, B. M.; Shabaev, V. P.; Jorobekova, Sh. J.

2009-04-01

399

Athletes' expectations with regard to officiating competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to identify the cues upon which athletes rely when developing their expectations with regard to the competence of sports officials and to examine the sources of information, which are given priority in different kinds of sport (i.e. team, racquet and fighting sports). A questionnaire – the Athlete Perception of Sports Officials Questionnaire (APSO-Q) – was developed in

Fabrice Dosseville; Sylvain Laborde; Marjorie Bernier

2012-01-01

400

Developing Information Literacy Skills Early in an Undergraduate Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several core competencies related to information literacy have been identified by the Association of College and Research Libraries. Students must learn to gather relevant information and communicate their findings effectively. The collaborative activity described here, which could easily be adapted for other disciplines, introduces first-semester freshmen to the standards of professional scientific writing, the different forms of publication, search strategies

Edward Freeman; Eileen Lynd-Balta

2010-01-01

401

Education Competencies: Priority setting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This competency is one in a set of complete functional and behavioral qualities that, when fully realized, can help lead to professional success. This website includes a definition, four levels of proficiency, sample interview questions, activities and resources to develop skills, and examples of overdoing the competency.

Robert Eichinger (Lominger Limited, Inc.)

2003-01-01

402

Assessing and Teaching Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professional Communication Unit (PCU) at the University of Cape Town (UCT) recently conducted a business communication needs analysis to determine student perceptions of their communicative competence and the teaching strategies being used to develop such competence. Students felt that the specialist, stand-alone communication program was more…

Grant, Terri

2004-01-01

403

Health Information Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of health information technician, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 14 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general and 6 units specific to the occupation of emergency medical technician. The following…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

404

Evaluation of Information Professionals Competency Face Validity Test Using Rasch Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of Rasch Measurement Model in social science educational measurement has rapidly expanded to other areas of education including technical and engineering fields. Originally, there was substantial controversy between those who saw Rasch Model as a relevant method of measurement in technical fields and those who saw them as essentially different. This paper is an attempt of a paradigm

AZRILAH ABD AZIZ; AZLINAH MOHAMED; AZAMI ZAHARIM

2008-01-01

405

Sex-role attributes, perceived competence and the development of depression in adolescence.  

PubMed

Studies are described which investigated the relationship of sex-role traits to age trends and sex differences in depression in adolescents. Psychological masculinity was negatively related to the level of depression in males and females, and evidence which indicates that this relationship is mediated by a link between masculinity and perceived competence is presented. The level of masculinity was stable across the age ranges studied, but was related to an increasingly higher rate of depression in females than males. It is therefore argued that a sex difference in masculinity arises prior to adolescence, but interacts with other factors which influence vulnerability to depression during the teenage years, thus bringing about the sex difference in depression. PMID:3192665

Wilson, R; Cairns, E

1988-09-01

406

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal. Student teachers' responses to questionnaires, peer evaluation guidelines, and interviews provided alternative views about the efficacy of my pedagogy. Data collection and analysis was a hermeneutic and recursive process revealing emergent themes. One theme was that a focus on science content knowledge gave a false sense of confidence and overshadowed our ability to engage in meaningful conversations about learning to teach—a practice challenged through self-study research.

Garbett, Dawn

2011-12-01

407

Phytochromes in photosynthetically competent plants  

SciTech Connect

Plants utilize light as a source of information in photomorphogenesis and of free energy in photosynthesis, two processes that are interrelated in that the former serves to increase the efficiency with which plants can perform the latter. Only one pigment involved in photomorphogenesis has been identified unequivocally, namely phytochrome. The thrust of this proposal is to investigate this pigment and its mode(s) of action in photosynthetically competent plants. Our long term objective is to characterize phytochrome and its functions in photosynthetically competent plants from molecular, biochemical and cellular perspectives. It is anticipated that others will continue to contribute indirectly to these efforts at the physiological level. The ultimate goal will be to develop this information from a comparative perspective in order to learn whether the different phytochromes have significantly different physicochemical properties, whether they fulfill independent functions and if so what these different functions are, and how each of the different phytochromes acts at primary molecular and cellular levels.

Pratt, L.H.

1990-07-01

408

Information Visualization for Agile Software Development Teams  

E-print Network

alternative ap- proach to traditional sequential management such as waterfall methods [6]. Agile methodologiesInformation Visualization for Agile Software Development Teams Julia Paredes Department of Computer.maurer@ucalgary.ca Abstract--Understanding information about software artifacts is key to successful Agile software

Maurer, Frank

409

Using market information in product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The need for better links to the market as well as improved internal sharing and use of market information has been stressed as central for market-oriented product development. This paper aims to suggest a conceptual model for the identification of relevant market information (based on the understanding of consumers' vertical and horizontal decision structure) combined with considerations on

Helle Alsted Søndergaard; Hanne Harmsen

2007-01-01

410

CLINICAL SITE INFORMATION FORM (CSIF) developed by  

E-print Network

CLINICAL SITE INFORMATION FORM (CSIF) developed by APTA Department of Physical Therapy Education Therapist (PT) and Physical Therapist Assistant (PTA) academic programs to collect information from clinical to students, academic programs, and the APTAs Department of Physical Therapy Education. The form includes

Sheridan, Jennifer

411

On the Development of Information Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The citations appearing in two recent comprehensive bibliographies in information science and technology are reviewed, and a comparison is made with bibliographies dating back to 1962. Some conclusions are drawn concerning the development and current state of information science. (5 references) (Author)

Salton, G.

1973-01-01

412

Academic Competence for Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied: Findings from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School bullying has negative implications for adolescent academic competence, making it important to explore what factors promote such competence for adolescents who bully and who are bullied. Potential contextual and individual variables linked to academic competence were examined in the context of bullying. Data were derived from the Grades 5…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

413

Information Systems Development and the Participatory Ethos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participatory--also called emancipatory--information systems development (ISD) approaches claim systematic and meaningful user involvement, workplace democratization, and reduced worker alienation. Grounded in a humanist view of information systems (IS) as social systems, participatory ISD advocates open and non-distorted communication, reasoned argumentation, cooperation and mutual understanding between IS users and developers. However, the critical theoretical foundation of participatory ISD was contested and

Marius Janson; Dubravka Cecez-Kecmanovic

2003-01-01

414

Relationship between the development of Chinese non-state-owned enterprises and its cultivation of scientific and technological competence : An empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To study and validate the relationship between the development of Chinese non-state-owned enterprise (Chinese non-SOE), and cultivation of scientific and technological competence empirically. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Correlation analysis in SPSS is used to analyze the correlation between Chinese non-SOE and cultivation of scientific and technological competence based on the statistic data released by China Statistical Bureau from 1987 to

Lanying Du; Jundong Hou; Jun Lü

2007-01-01

415

Information tool for environmental conservation and sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Samoa, the high population growth competing for a limited natural resource base to support it has slowly become evident. The limits in the capacity of these resources together with excessive pressures on its use develops a much greater need on how we approach a balance between environmental conservation and sustainable development. Natural disasters, which hinder and affect development and

Tagaloa Bismarck Crawley

416

Engineering Technologies. State Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 397 competencies, grouped into 58 units, for tech prep programs in the engineering technologies cluster. The competencies were developed through collaboration of Ohio business, industry, and labor representatives and secondary and associate degree educators. The competencies are rated either "essential" (necessary to ensure…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

417

INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (IRIS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Industrial Research and Development Information System (IRIS) links an online interface to a historical database with more than 2,500 statistical tables containing all industrial research and development (R&D) data published by NSF since 19...

418

Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Acting as part of the European Commission's INNOVATION Programme, the Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) provides information on European Union research, development, and innovation activities to help strengthen the competitiveness of European organizations, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). CORDIS's ten searchable databases covering various news and research publications, EU-funded research programs, and organizational contact and partnership directories are designed to help SMEs find data and funding. An Acronym dictionary of EU research and development terms aids search navigation, and key pages are available in English, French, German, and Italian.

419

Preparing School News Releases for the Media. G-1 Informing the Public, Document No. 10i, Revised. Independent Study Training Material for Professional Supervisory Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-instructional learning packet is one part of a competency-guided program for instructional supervisor preparation developed by the Special Education Supervisor Training (SEST) project. This packet deals with the task of promoting a favorable public image of school programs through effective use of the news media. The packet consists of…

DeLuca, Stuart M.

420

Nursing practice should be informed by the best available evidence, but should all first-level nurses be competent at research appraisal and utilization?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United Kingdom Central Council for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting (UKCC) has for many years sought to promote the development of research knowledge and skills in registered nurses and has based its efforts on a particular model of the professional practitioner. This model has each registered nurse as a competent finder, appraiser and utilizer of research evidence. It has

Robert White; Shirley Taylor

2002-01-01

421

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

2010-01-01

422

Longitudinal Associations between Executive Control and Developing Mathematical Competence in Preschool Boys and Girls  

PubMed Central

Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy assessments at 3.75 and 4.5 years, and a broad mathematics assessment during kindergarten. Strong associations were observed between latent EC at 3 and mathematics achievement in kindergarten, which remained robust after accounting for earlier informal numeracy, socio-economic status, language and processing speed. Relations between EC and mathematics achievement were stronger in girls than boys. Findings highlight the unique role of EC in predicting which children may have difficulty transitioning to formal mathematics instruction. PMID:23006040

Clark, Caron A.C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly Andrews

2012-01-01

423

Leadership development: prerequisite for successful public-private partnership. New challenge for medical schools: graduates' outcome competences in health leadership.  

PubMed

Medical education stands at the doorstep of profound change, forced to step into an uncertain and potentially hostile new environment. These changes have nothing to do with scholar self-reflection, but rather are a direct consequence of the process of globalization visible also in medical education and the revolution in health care financing for which we use the general term "managed care". On one hand, globalization has penetrated different areas of our life, among others including science, public health and medicine which is a global profession. Medical knowledge, research and education have traditionally crossed national boundaries. Many aptitudes of physicians are universal, as well as the core competencies required by physicians throughout the world. The question is "what kind of core or essential competences are required for "global physicians". Besides medical knowledge and basic clinical skills, professionalism, interpersonal communication skills, context of care, information management, understanding a health system, etc. also need to be addressed. On the other hand, there is a growing concern that the corporate transformation of medical care, especially related to the impact of the changing and more business-oriented health care system, may lead to the decline and death of traditional professional values, such as fidelity, altruism, confidentiality, and integrity. No doubt, there is an inherent clash of values between business and medicine. However, as business interests have already gained an important place in medicine, we can hope that physicians progressively adopt a business mentality without losing professional virtue. While occurring changes inevitably bring some sense of loss, it also brings an opportunity to help reshape medical education to better meet the health needs of society. PMID:12743886

Wojtczak, Andrzej

2003-01-01

424

ELDIS (Electronic Development and Environment Information System)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ELDIS is a development and environmental issues meta-site hosted by the British Library of Development Studies. It provides annotated links not only to networked information of all types, ranging from web sites to library catalogs, but also research project information, map and newspaper collections, and bibliographies as well. The ELDIS site is searchable; users can also search for full-text materials available at other sites. A browseable list covering some 60 subjects is provided. The resources at this site are all annotated and contain links to resources in related areas.

1997-01-01

425

Auto Mechanics. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 11 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

426

In search of management development in Europe: from self-fulfilling prophecies to organizational competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an overview and a critical analysis of the concept of High Flyer programmes in management development. Based on a discussion of the need for management development in modern knowledge- and service-based organizations, strengths and weaknesses of traditional management development programmes are discussed. In particular, the so-called ‘fast-track’programmes for high-potential employees are presented. This analysis shows that, although

Henrik Holt Larsen

1996-01-01

427

Perceived Development Needs of Managers Compared to an Integrated Management Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This research sets out to achieve three goals: first, to discover the most important management development areas specified by Finnish managers; second, to discover the intentions of Finnish managers in management development on a personal level and with the support of organizations; and third, to compare the above mentioned aspects and…

Viitala, Riitta

2005-01-01

428

The Manager's IdentityOperational Competence or Strategic Excellence, a Quantum Leap Towards Manager Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years management development practices have stagnated. Two areas in which this is evident are: (a) in the processed form of management development programmes and courses that are offered; and (b) via expedient learning exercises on the part of managers themselves in a myopic endeavour to maintain their self-esteem in the face of job pressures and personal demands for

A. J. Fish

1985-01-01

429

Helping Spanish SMEs Staff to Develop Their Competence in Writing Business Letters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the development of a website tool aimed at helping Spanish small and medium enterprises (SMEs) staff to write their commercial correspondence in English. It describes the steps involved in the tool system design process, making an emphasis on the methodological criteria and rational that guided us to develop the site. In…

Foz-Gil, Carmen; Gonzalez-Pueyo, Isabel

2009-01-01

430

Tourism Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for travel and tourism occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from the travel and tourism industry, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated task…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

431

Decentralisation of competencies and local development agencies in North-Eastern Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the economic success of north-eastern Italy, some of its areas, such as those closest to the Adriatic coast, are still experiencing difficulties in industrialisation. Since the 1960s, some development policies have been implemented to stimulate economic restructuring. After the disappointing performance of centrally planned initiatives, most development policies are now the responsibility of local authorities. In fact, institutional and

Stefano Solari

2004-01-01

432

Development and Initial Testing of a Structured Clinical Observation Tool to Assess Pharmacotherapy Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors developed and tested the feasibility and utility of a new direct-observation instrument to assess trainee performance of a medication management session. Methods: The Psychopharmacotherapy-Structured Clinical Observation (P-SCO) instrument was developed based on multiple sources of expertise and then implemented in 4…

Young, John Q.; Lieu, Sandra; O'Sullivan, Patricia; Tong, Lowell

2011-01-01

433

Health Care Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for health care occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from hospitals and other health care providers, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

434

Mining and Minerals Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for mining occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from the mining industry, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated task list and defined job…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

435

Developing and sharing medical effectiveness information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In our health care environment, managed care, capitated payments, and a growing national information infrastructure are becoming major forces that shape decisions about how medical resources are organized and used. Health care decision makers prize medical effectiveness information based on patient care data that are linked with other data, such as costs. Obtaining uniform, accurate patient care data requires determining conditions of access to the data and standards. Under the National Information Infrastructure Initiative, principles have been developed to guide users and providers of individually identifiable data, and U.S. standards developers are at work to improve the definitions and electronic transmission of patient care data. When aggregated, these data can serve many uses, including improving quality of care. Their use for computing clinical performance measures, such as the Health Plan Employer Data Set (HEDIS), and a study that classifies such sets are highlighted.

Fitzmaurice, J. M.

1995-10-01

436

Leadership and Management Development Course Information  

E-print Network

Leadership and Management Development Course Information: MGMT 345 ­ 01 (10865) T/Th, 1:40 ­ 2/Thursday Course Description: An investigation of the factors that determine leadership with special emphasis. Contemporary leaders will be selected in order to apply theories and concepts to current situations that can

Young, Paul Thomas

437

Enhancement of anatomical learning and developing clinical competence of first-year medical and allied health profession students.  

PubMed

Hands-on educational experiences can stimulate student interest, increase knowledge retention, and enhance development of clinical skills. The Lachman test, used to assess the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), is commonly performed by health care professionals and is relatively easy to teach to first-year health profession students. This study integrated teaching the Lachman test into a first-year anatomy laboratory and examined if students receiving the training would be more confident, competent, and if the training would enhance anatomical learning. First-year medical, physician assistant and physical therapy students were randomly assigned into either the intervention (Group A) or control group (Group B). Both groups received the course lecture on knee anatomy and training on how to perform the Lachman test during a surface anatomy class. Group A received an additional 15 minutes hands-on training for the Lachman test utilizing a lightly embalmed cadaver as a simulated patient. One week later, both groups performed the Lachman test on a lightly embalmed cadaver and later completed a post-test and survey. Students with hands-on training performed significantly better than students with lecture-only training in completing the checklist, a post-test, and correctly diagnosing an ACL tear. Students in Group A also reported being more confident after hands-on training compared to students receiving lecture-only training. Both groups reported that incorporating clinical skill activities facilitated learning and created excitement for learning. Hands-on training using lightly embalmed cadavers as patient simulators increased confidence and competence in performing the Lachman test and aided in learning anatomy. PMID:24002924

Keim Janssen, Sarah A; VanderMeulen, Stephane P; Shostrom, Valerie K; Lomneth, Carol S

2014-01-01

438

Speaking of "Competence": Toward a Cross-Translation for Human Resource Development (HRD) and Continuing Professional Education (CPE)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares and contrasts literature on competence that resides in the disciplines of HRD and CPE. Definitions, Purposes, Assessments and Achievements related to the competence conceptual framework are examined for contextual cues and connections between theory and practice in an effort to contribute to greater dialog and interdisciplinary…

Jeris, Laurel; Johnson, Kathleen

2004-01-01

439

Development of Interests and Competency Beliefs in Italian Adolescents: An Exploration of Circumplex Structure and Bidirectional Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a cross-national replication and extension of prior research with American students, Italian middle and high school students completed measures of interests and competency beliefs relative to a variety of school- and nonschool-related activities. Both interests and competency beliefs tended to show greater adherence to circumplex Realistic,…

Lent, Robert W.; Tracey, Terence J. G.; Brown, Steven D.; Soresi, Salvatore; Nota, Laura

2006-01-01

440

Reading Picturebooks "as Literature": Four-to-Six-Year-Old Children and the Development of Literary Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores what it means to be a competent reader of picture storybooks by examining the abilities of some 4-6-year-olds, who were read stories aloud in class. Jonathan Culler's concept of "literary competence" was used to tease out the children's implicit knowledge of the structures and conventions that enable them to read a work of…

van der Pol, Coosje

2012-01-01

441

Investigation and Development of Competency Standards and Certification Requirements for Secondary-Level Vocational Foodservice Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation ascertained, analyzed, and documented competency standards and certification requirements for secondary-level vocational food service programs. A literature review produced no instruments used in past studies to measure the attitudes of food service professionals toward task competencies. Six occupations were selected for the…

Usiewicz, Ronald A.

442

Clinical instructors' perception of a faculty development programme promoting postgraduate year-1 (PGY1) residents' ACGME six core competencies: a 2-year study  

PubMed Central

Objective The six core competencies designated by Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) are essential for establishing a patient centre holistic medical system. The authors developed a faculty programme to promote the postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) resident, ACGME six core competencies. The study aims to assess the clinical instructors' perception, attitudes and subjective impression towards the various sessions of the ‘faculty development programme for teaching ACGME competencies.’ Methods During 2009 and 2010, 134 clinical instructors participated in the programme to establish their ability to teach and assess PGY1 residents about ACGME competencies. Results The participants in the faculty development programme reported that the skills most often used while teaching were learnt during circuit and itinerant bedside, physical examination teaching, mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) evaluation demonstration, training workshop and videotapes of ‘how to teach ACGME competencies.’ Participants reported that circuit bedside teaching and mini-CEX evaluation demonstrations helped them in the interpersonal and communication skills domain, and that the itinerant teaching demonstrations helped them in the professionalism domain, while physical examination teaching and mini-CEX evaluation demonstrations helped them in the patients' care domain. Both the training workshop and videotape session increase familiarity with teaching and assessing skills. Participants who applied the skills learnt from the faculty development programme the most in their teaching and assessment came from internal medicine departments, were young attending physician and had experience as PGY1 clinical instructors. Conclusions According to the clinical instructors' response, our faculty development programme effectively increased their familiarity with various teaching and assessment skills needed to teach PGY1 residents and ACGME competencies, and these clinical instructors also then subsequently apply these skills. PMID:22116089

Lee, Fa-Yauh; Hsu, Hui-Chi; Chuang, Chiao-Lin; Lee, Wei-Shin; Chang, Ching-Chih; Huang, Chia-Chang; Chen, Jaw-Wen; Cheng, Hao-Min; Jap, Tjin-Shing

2011-01-01

443

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

444

English as a Lingua Franca and the Development of Pragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing interest in English as a lingua franca (ELF) has resulted in a notable increase in the amount of empirical research that attempts to describe the nature of ELF interactions. This article looks at the pedagogical implications of this research in the wider context of other developments in pedagogical pragmatics. It proposes three types of…

Murray, Neil

2012-01-01

445

Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

Paulson, Edward

2011-01-01

446

Wellness Promotion as a Life-Long Endeavor: Promoting and Developing Life Competencies from Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented here are arguments for reframing school psychologists as agents-of-change for children's entire life spans through creating positive patterns that promote healthy living. Such a focus on children's strengths and the enhancement of wellness, in contrast to the current pathology-driven model of school psychology, may even develop a cadre…

Mcloughlin, Caven S.; Kubick, Robert J., Jr.

2004-01-01

447

Differences in the development of creative competencies in children schooled in diverse learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on the development of creativity have highlighted the impact of learning environments. In particular, pedagogical approaches are hypothesized to differ concerning their emphasis on individual initiative, and action-based learning. A semi-longitudinal study was conducted during two consecutive years with 210 children in elementary schools with traditional and alternative pedagogical approaches. Our results highlight (1) an influence of pedagogy on

Maud Besançon; Todd Lubart

2008-01-01

448

The contribution of internship in developing industry-relevant management competencies in tourism and hospitality graduates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industry practitioners and educators both agree that tourism and hospitality management curricula need to reflect recent and future industry needs and developments, to ensure graduates are equipped with appropriate and industry-relevant skills. Furthermore, the combination of theory with practice is viewed as an essential component of a student’s tourism and hospitality management education. In the past, limited attempts have been

Maree Ann Walo

2000-01-01

449

Competing with Myths about the Social and Emotional Development of Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article debunks myths pertaining to the social development of gifted students, including: gifted students should be age-matched peers; being perfectly well-rounded should be the primary goal; being gifted is something with which you are just born; adults know what gifted students experience; and being too smart is a problem. (Contains 3…

Cross, Tracy L.

2002-01-01

450

Development of ASL and English Competence for Learners Who Are Deaf.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests the need for a new profession called sign pathology to help deaf children who experience difficulty in acquiring a signed language. It offers a framework for the development of professional sign language pathologists, while differentiating between disorders related to signed language acquisition and bilingual language pedagogy for deaf…

Nover, Stephen M.; Cheng, Li-Rong Lilly; Christensen, Kathee M.

1998-01-01

451

Developing foreign language skills, competence and identity through a collaborative creative writing project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of a collaborative creative writing project on identity formation and overall language proficiency development among advanced Hebrew students. In an exercise called ‘The Zoning Committee’, college students created the fictional Israeli-American town of Beit Shemesh, located in northern Michigan. Qualitative data collection methods consisting of semi-structured group interviews, observation and text analysis of story drafts

Avital Feuer

2011-01-01

452

Developing Foreign Language Skills, Competence and Identity through a Collaborative Creative Writing Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of a collaborative creative writing project on identity formation and overall language proficiency development among advanced Hebrew students. In an exercise called "The Zoning Committee", college students created the fictional Israeli-American town of Beit Shemesh, located in northern Michigan. Qualitative data…

Feuer, Avital

2011-01-01

453

Traditional vs. Virtual Learning: Does It Make a Difference? ADELEX--Assessing and Developing Lexical Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents survey data from English Philology students (University of Granada) on a virtual course entitled ADELEX--Assessing and Developing Lexis--which was carried out in 2007-08 to enhance vocabulary acquisition. In the first part of this paper, we briefly offer a description of this second generation virtual course to enhance lexical…

Jaen, Maria Moreno

2009-01-01

454

The Development of Basic Competencies for Sustainability in Higher Education: An Educational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing paradigms, which are deeply rooted in our educational systems, are fomenting unsustainable development. For this reason, it is necessary to opt for a style of education that allows university students to be aware of the need to live in a different way and be aware of our absolute dependency on our natural environment. This goal requires…

Hidalgo, Luis Amador; Fuentes, Juan Manuel Arjona

2013-01-01

455

Entering the Public Health Genomics Era: Why Must Health Educators Develop Genomic Competencies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the completion of the Human Genome Project will offer new insight into diseases and help develop efficient, personalized treatment or prevention programs, it will also raise new and non-trivial public health issues. Many of these issues fall under the professional purview of public health workers. As members of the public health…

Chen, Lei-Shih; Goodson, Patricia

2007-01-01

456

"I No Say You Say Is Boring": The Development of Pragmatic Competence in L2 Apology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the number of studies on pragmatic development has been increasing since Kasper and Schmidt's call for more research into this under-researched area (e.g., [Barron, A., 2003. Acquisition in Interlanguage Pragmatics: Learning How to do Things with Words in a Study Abroad Context. Benhamins, Amsterdam; Achiba, M., 2003. Learning to Request in…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2010-01-01

457

Developing a Language Competent American Society: The Role of Language Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, applied linguists have been working with counterpart teachers who are subject-matter specialists to develop innovative programs to integrate the teaching of language and content. In some places, integration of language and content instruction involves implementation of two-way bilingual (interlocking) immersion programs. Such work…

Tucker, G. Richard

458

US Urban Teachers' Perspectives of Culturally Competent Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health disparities related to food choices, nutrition behaviours and smoking habits in urban communities in the United States signal the importance of health education (HE) in schools, yet educators in urban communities face unique cultural challenges often unaddressed in professional development (PD). The purpose of this study was to use a…

Flory, Sara B.; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Murphy, Anne; Blum, Barbara; Wisdom, Kimberlydawn

2014-01-01

459

First Things First: Developing Academic Competence in the First Year of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perhaps two-thirds of the gains students make in knowledge and cognitive skill development occur in the first 2 years of college (Pascarella, E. T., and Terenzini, P. T. (2005). How college affects students Vol. 2. A third decade of research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass). A significant proportion of the students entering America's colleges and…

Reason, Robert D.; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Domingo, Robert J.

2006-01-01

460

The Development of ESD-Related Competencies in Supportive Institutional Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany--in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations--one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping…

de Haan, Gerhard

2010-01-01

461

Cognitive Testing with Female Nutrition and Education Assistance Program Participants Informs Validity of the Satter Eating Competence Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Examine the validity of a self-report measure of eating competence with low-income women. Methods: Twenty-five females (18-49 years old) recruited from low-income venues in Pennsylvania completed cognitive testing through an iterative interview process. Respondents' oral responses were compared to researchers' intended meaning of…

Krall, Jodi Stotts; Lohse, Barbara

2010-01-01

462

How Alumni Narratives of Intercultural Competence Can Inform the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning of Intercultural Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through email correspondence and interviews with former students the author explores how the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning can serve as a way to reflect upon philosophy and pedagogy in an intercultural communication course. Key lessons of intercultural competence from former students and how these lessons have impacted their professional…

Dillon, Randy K.

2008-01-01

463

Regents Competency Testing Program in Science. A Guide to the Core Process Skills and Content Understandings. Information Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Regents competency test in science is a survey test of the core process skills and core understandings taken from the 10 blocks of the "Science Syllabus for Middle and Junior High Schools." The life, earth, and physical sciences are covered equally. Questions testing knowledge (recall and recognition), comprehension, application, and the…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Science Education.

464

The productivity and competency of information technology in upscale hotels : The perception of hotel managers in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to examine and analyze the findings of an empirical survey of the productivity of guest-related IT applications and perceptions of hotel managers on IT competency in upscale hotels in Turkey. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The data is collected via a structured questionnaire from 122 upscale hotels in Turkey. Findings – The findings of this study show that

Ersem Karadag; Sezayi Dumanoglu

2009-01-01

465

Examining Gender Images, Expectations, and Competence as Perceived Impediments to Personal, Academic and Career Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

My earlier research on the topic has dealt withmedia messages which contribute to the imagesand stereotypes influencing the development ofyoung women and girls. Previous research hasindicated that adolescent girls may becomefocused on appearance and popularity,downplaying their academic ability andcompetence particularly in mathematics and thesciences, with resultant underachievement andavoidance of science-related careers. Thispaper will focus on cross-gender similaritiesand differences, and suggested

Lorraine Wilgosh

2002-01-01

466

‘I no say you say is boring’: the development of pragmatic competence in L2 apology  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the number of studies on pragmatic development has been increasing since Kasper and Schmidt’s call for more research into this under-researched area (e.g., [Barron, A., 2003. Acquisition in Interlanguage Pragmatics: Learning How to do Things with Words in a Study Abroad Context. Benhamins, Amsterdam; Achiba, M., 2003. Learning to Request in a Second Language: Child Interlanguage Pragmatics. Multilingual Matters,

Yuh-Fang Chang

2010-01-01

467

Information spreading and development of cultural centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The historical interplay between societies is governed by many factors, including in particular the spreading of languages, religion, and other symbolic traits. Cultural development, in turn, is coupled to the emergence and maintenance of information spreading. Strong centralized cultures exist due to attention from their members, whose faithfulness in turn relies on the supply of information. Here we discuss a culture evolution model on a planar geometry that takes into account aspects of the feedback between information spreading and its maintenance. Features of the model are highlighted by comparing it to cultural spreading in ancient and medieval Europe, where it suggests in particular that long-lived centers should be located in geographically remote regions.

Dybiec, Bart?omiej; Mitarai, Namiko; Sneppen, Kim

2012-05-01

468

Dairy Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for dairy producers. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

469

Administrator Preparation Programs: Problems in Evaluating Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Judgments about competence are always relative, tentative, and situation-specific. An effective competency-based program for preparation of school administrators must base judgments about competency development on the same sources that will judge on-the-job administrative competency. The four most common instructional orientations to administrator…

Kelley, Edgar A.

470

Medical Assistant. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a medical assistant program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

471

E-Health innovations, collaboration, and healthcare disparities: developing criteria for culturally competent evaluation.  

PubMed

E-Health alters how health care clinicians, institutions, patients, caregivers, families, advocates, and researchers collaborate. Few guidelines exist to evaluate the impact of social technologies on furthering family health and even less on their capacity to ameliorate health disparities. Health social media tools that help develop, sustain, and strengthen the collaborative health agenda may prove useful to ameliorate health care inequities; the linkage should not, however, be taken for granted. In this article we propose a classification of emerging social technologies in health care with the purpose of developing evaluative criteria that assess their ability to foster collaboration and positively impact health care equity. The findings are based on systematic Internet ethnographic observations, a qualitative analysis of e-health tool exemplars, and a review of the literature. To triangulate data collection and analysis, the research team consulted with social media health care experts in making recommendations for evaluation criteria. Selected cases illustrate the analytical conclusions. Lines of research that are needed to accurately rate and reliably measure the ability of social media e-health offerings to address health disparities are proposed. PMID:24059273

Bacigalupe, Gonzalo; Askari, Sabrina F

2013-09-01

472

Negotiating Competing Goals in the Development of an Urban Ecology Practitioner Inquiry Community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teacher learning communities are hailed by many as vehicles for reforming and elevating the professional status of teaching. While much research explores teacher community as a venue for measurable gains, our research examines the orientation of practitioner inquiry toward critical debate about effective instruction. Specifically, our study focuses on a group of middle and high school teachers who worked with a nonprofit organization to engage students in urban environmental field investigations. Teachers met regularly as a community with the common goal of teaching urban ecology in an outdoor setting. We collected interview data from members of the teacher community, and we observed teacher interaction during a meeting of the practitioner inquiry group. Interview results indicated that while the nonprofit aimed to support collaborative dialogue and self-critique, participants saw the community mainly as a venue for pursuing short-term goals, such as receiving new resources or socializing with colleagues. Observation data, however, suggested that the community was taking early steps toward building an environment oriented toward critical discussion. Juxtaposing results from our interviews and observations, we discuss the challenges communities face when they seek to develop shared beliefs and deal openly with conflict. Ultimately, we suggest that organizers of collaborative learning environments should work to actively develop structures for building the organizational trust necessary to support civil critique.

Piazza, Peter; McNeill, Katherine L.

2013-11-01

473

Cell development obeys maximum Fisher information  

E-print Network

Eukaryotic cell development has been optimized by natural selection to obey maximal intracellular flux of messenger proteins. This, in turn, implies maximum Fisher information on angular position about a target nuclear pore complex (NPR). The cell is simply modeled as spherical, with cell membrane (CM) diameter 10 micron and concentric nuclear membrane (NM) diameter 6 micron. The NM contains about 3000 nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Development requires messenger ligands to travel from the CM-NPC-DNA target binding sites. Ligands acquire negative charge by phosphorylation, passing through the cytoplasm over Newtonian trajectories toward positively charged NPCs (utilizing positive nuclear localization sequences). The CM-NPC channel obeys maximized mean protein flux F and Fisher information I at the NPC, with first-order delta I = 0 and approximate 2nd-order delta I = 0 stability to environmental perturbations. Many of its predictions are confirmed, including the dominance of protein pathways of from 1-4 proteins, a 4nm size for the EGFR protein and the approximate flux value F =10^16 proteins/m2-s. After entering the nucleus, each protein ultimately delivers its ligand information to a DNA target site with maximum probability, i.e. maximum Kullback-Liebler entropy HKL. In a smoothness limit HKL approaches IDNA/2, so that the total CM-NPC-DNA channel obeys maximum Fisher I. Thus maximum information approaches non-equilibrium, one condition for life.

B. R. Frieden; R. A. Gatenby

2014-04-29

474

Immune modulation by helminth parasites of ruminants: implications for vaccine development and host immune competence  

PubMed Central

Parasitic helminths reside in immunologically-exposed extracellular locations within their hosts, yet they are capable of surviving for extended periods. To enable this survival, these parasites have developed complex and multifaceted mechanisms to subvert or suppress host immunity. This review summarises current knowledge of immune modulation by helminth parasites of ruminants and the parasite-derived molecules involved in driving this modulation. Such immunomodulatory molecules have considerable promise as vaccine targets, as neutralisation of their function is predicted to enhance anti-parasite immunity and, as such, current knowledge in this area is presented herein. Furthermore, we summarise current evidence that, as well as affecting parasite-specific immunity, immune modulation by these parasites may also affect the ability of ruminant hosts to control concurrent diseases or mount effective responses to vaccination. PMID:25292481

McNeilly, Tom N.; Nisbet, Alasdair J.

2014-01-01

475

Informal influence in the Asian Development Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through case studies and empirical analysis, scholars have uncovered convincing evidence that individual donors influence\\u000a lending decisions of international financial institutions (IFIs) such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. Less\\u000a clear are the mechanisms by which donors exert influence. Potential mechanisms are either formal or informal. Formal influence\\u000a is through official decisions of the board of executive

Christopher Kilby

2011-01-01

476

Development competence and relative transcript abundance of oocytes derived from small and medium follicles of prepubertal gilts.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine the competence of mature oocytes aspirated from small follicles (SF, <2 mm in diameter) and medium follicles (MF, 3-6 mm) of abattoir-derived prepubertal gilt ovaries. Oocytes were selected by the presence of the first polar body (1pb) after IVM in a chemically defined medium, for sperm penetration, pronuclear formation, cleavage rate, and development to the blastocyst stage. Relative transcript abundance of genes associated with regulation of oocyte maturation (AURKA, AURKB, and MOS), fertilization (ZP3 and ZP4), maternal effect (NALP9 and HSF1), and anti-apoptosis (BCL2) were also examined in oocytes at germinal vesicle (GV) and metaphase-II (MII) stages. In SF, compared with MF, the maturation rate post-IVM was lower (P < 0.05), but there were no differences in sperm penetration rate (78.2% and 68.5% at 6 hours after insemination and 90.8% and 91.9% at 9 hours after insemination, P = 0.51 and P = 0.67, respectively), the percentage of oocytes that formed both female and male pronuclei (27.9% and 25.8% at 6 hours after insemination and 79.4% and 76.1% at 9 hours after insemination), or cleavage rate at 48 hours after insemination (85.9% and 89.7%, respectively, P = 0.46), whereas blastocyst formation rate was lower (P < 0.05) in oocytes from SF versus MF (14.7% and 31.0%). Transcript abundances decreased (P < 0.05) in all genes examined between the GV and MII stages, although only transcript abundance for MOS was lower (P < 0.05) in GV oocytes from SF versus MF. In conclusion, mature oocytes from SF and MF of prepubertal gilts with a visible 1pb had similar fertilizability in vitro and relative transcript abundance of nine genes. However, follicle size affected meiotic competence, early embryonic development to the blastocyst stage, and transcript abundance of the MOS gene. PMID:23987988

Kohata, Chiyuki; Izquierdo-Rico, María José; Romar, Raquel; Funahashi, Hiroaki

2013-12-01

477

Developing a Consensus-Driven, Core Competency Model to Shape Future Audio Engineering Technology Curriculum: A Web-Based Modified Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this online study was to create a ranking of essential core competencies and technologies required by AET (audio engineering technology) programs 10 years in the future. The study was designed to facilitate curriculum development and improvement in the rapidly expanding number of small to medium sized audio engineering technology…

Tough, David T.

2009-01-01

478

Validation of the Competencies Needed by Vocational Education Teachers, Middle Managers, and Administrators. Phase II of a Professional Development Study for Massachusetts, Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first of four volumes reporting phase 2 of a two-phase project to examine the competency-based vocational teacher education movement and analyze the current state of the art (phase 1), and to assess the implications for preservice, inservice, and leadership level professional development programs in career and occupational education in…

Boston Univ., MA. School of Education.

479

Validation of the Competencies Needed by School Personnel to Implement Career Education. Phase II of a Professional Development Study for Massachusetts, Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second of four volumes reporting phase 2 of a two-phase project to examine the competency-based vocational teacher education movement and analyze the current state of the art (phase 1), and to assess the implications for preservice, inservice, and leadership level professional development programs in career and occupational education…

Boston Univ., MA. School of Education.

480

Competence and Human Resource Development in Multinational Companies in Three European Union Member States: A Comparative Analysis between Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. CEDEFOP Panorama Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparative analysis of human resources development and management in the subsidiaries of three multinational companies (Xerox, Glaxo Wellcome, and AXA Nordstern Colonia) was conducted in these three European Union (EU) member states: Austria, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands. Case studies were used, focusing on competence needs and…

Markowitsch, Jorg; Kollinger, Iris; Warmerdam, John; Moerel, Hans; Konrad, John; Burell, Catherine; Guile, David

481

Development of Competency-Based Vocational Agricultural Instructional Materials for Handicapped Students Enrolled in Regular Agriculture Programs Other Than Horticulture. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes a description of a project to develop and field-test competency-based instructional materials for handicapped students enrolled in regular vocational agriculture programs; a list of project advisory personnel; the clusters of skills identified as appropriate for handicapped students enrolled in courses in dairy production,…

Baggett, Connie D.; And Others

482

How Chinese College Students Make Sense of Foreign Films and TV Series: Implications for the Development of Intercultural Communicative Competence in ELT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Films and TV series are widely used to support teaching in English language classrooms. They are seen largely as a source of authentic language, as a way of motivating students or as a means of conveying knowledge about another culture. There is less emphasis on their use as a focus for developing intercultural competence. This is particularly the…

Yang, Linda Hui; Fleming, Mike

2013-01-01

483

Results of the "Aprender a Convivir" Program for Development of Social Competence and Prevention of Antisocial Behavior in Four-Year-Old Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is the result of implementing an antisocial behavior prevention program in preschool education. The intervention goal was to prevent the emergence of antisocial behaviors through developing social competence in the participants. The program, called "Aprender a Convivir", is divided into four modules by topic: rules and…

Benitez, Juan L.; Fernandez, Maria; Justicia, Fernando; Fernandez, Eduardo; Justicia, Ana

2011-01-01

484

Inactivation of the ciaH Gene in Streptococcus mutans diminishes mutacin production and competence development, alters sucrose-dependent biofilm formation, and reduces stress tolerance.  

PubMed

Many clinical isolates of Streptococcus mutans produce peptide antibiotics called mutacins. Mutacin production may play an important role in the ecology of S. mutans in dental plaque. In this study, inactivation of a histidine kinase gene, ciaH, abolished mutacin production. Surprisingly, the same mutation also diminished competence development, stress tolerance, and sucrose-dependent biofilm formation. PMID:15271957

Qi, Fengxia; Merritt, Justin; Lux, Renate; Shi, Wenyuan

2004-08-01

485

Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness in Exercise: The Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development process and initial validation of the Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale (BPNES) are presented in this study. The BPNES is a domain-specific self-report instrument designed to assess perceptions of the extent to which the innate needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness (Deci & Ryan, 2000) are satisfied in exercise. Two separate samples of 508 and 504 participants

Symeon P. Vlachopoulos; Sotiria Michailidou

2006-01-01

486

Strategy?based development of teacher educators' ICT competence through a co?operative staff development project  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ICT strategy and an implementation plan for teacher education were created in a co?operative process. Visions and expectations of staff members and students were registered by questionnaires and by making notes during sessions in which the strategy was created. Thereafter, an implementation document, where the staff development programme and plans of how to develop ICT infrastructure and to integrate

Jari Lavonen; Matti Lattu; Kalle Juuti; Veijo Meisalo

2006-01-01

487

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

488

Development of a flexible higher education curriculum framework for geographic information science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A wide range of geographic information science (GIScience) educational programs currently exist, the oldest now over 25 years. Offerings vary from those specifically focussed on geographic information science, to those that utilise geographic information systems in various applications and disciplines. Over the past two decades, there have been a number of initiatives to design curricula for GIScience, including the NCGIA Core Curriculum, GIS&T Body of Knowledge and the Geospatial Technology Competency Model developments. The rapid developments in geospatial technology, applications and organisations means that curricula need to constantly be updated and developed to maintain currency and relevance. This paper reviews the curriculum initiatives and outlines a new and flexible GIScience higher education curriculum framework which complements and utilises existing curricula. This new framework was applied to the GIScience programs at Curtin University in Perth, Australia which has surpassed 25 years of GIScience education. Some of the results of applying this framework are outlined and discussed.

Veenendaal, B.

2014-04-01

489

ZnuABC and ZosA zinc transporters are differently involved in competence development in Bacillus subtilis.  

PubMed

Disruptants of genes encoding the ZnuABC high-affinity zinc incorporator and zosA encoding a P-type ATPase for zinc incorporation were identified to show low transformability. The low transformability of the znuB cells was rescued by excess zinc addition and epistatic analysis of the mutation revealed no effect on the expression of comK, which encodes a master regulator for late com operons. We further examined the expression of each late com operon in the znuA mutant and found that the znuA mutation specifically inhibited the expression of comF, but not the other late com operons. The addition of zinc also rescued the low transformability of the zosA cells. In zosA cells, transcription of comK was severely repressed. Using a strain carrying comK driven by a xylose-inducible promoter, we showed that the zosA mutation inhibited the post-transcriptional control of comK. The addition of zinc also rescued the defect of xylose-inducible comK expression in zosA cells, suggesting that post-transcriptional control of comK requires zinc incorporation. Taken together, we propose that the both ZnuABC- and ZosA-mediated zinc incorporation is involved in competence development, although the two zinc transporters are differently implicated in this developmental process. PMID:21813502

Ogura, Mitsuo

2011-12-01

490

Lhx2 Balances Progenitor Maintenance with Neurogenic Output and Promotes Competence State Progression in the Developing Retina  

PubMed Central

The LIM-Homeodomain transcription factor Lhx2 is an essential organizer of early eye development and is subsequently expressed in retinal progenitor cells (RPCs). To determine its requirement in RPCs, we performed a temporal series of conditional inactivations in mice with the early RPC driver Pax6 ?-Cre and the tamoxifen-inducible Hes1CreERT2 driver. Deletion of Lhx2 caused a significant reduction of the progenitor population and a corresponding increase in neurogenesis. Precursor fate choice correlated with the time of inactivation; early and late inactivation led to the overproduction of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and rod photoreceptors, respectively. In each case, however, the overproduction was selective, occurring at the expense of other cell types and indicating a role for Lhx2 in generating cell type diversity. RPCs that persisted in the absence of Lhx2 continued to generate RGC precursors beyond their normal production window, suggesting that Lhx2 facilitates a transition in competence state. These results identify Lhx2 as a key regulator of RPC properties that contribute to the ordered production of multiple cell types during retinal tissue formation. PMID:23884928

Gordon, Patrick J.; Yun, Sanghee; Clark, Anna M.; Monuki, Edwin S.; Murtaugh, L. Charles

2013-01-01

491

Addressing the "Other" Health Literacy Competencies--Knowledge, Dispositions, and Oral/Aural Communication: Development of TALKDOC, an Intervention Assessment Tool  

PubMed Central

Most health literacy assessments evaluate literacy skills including reading, writing; numeracy and interpretation of tables, graphs, diagrams and charts. Some assess understanding of health systems, and the ability to adequately apply one’s skills to specific health-related tasks or demands in health situations. However, to achieve functional health literacy, the ability to “obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions,” other health literacy dimensions should be assessed: a person’s knowledge and attitudes about a health issue affects his or her ability to and interest in participating in his or her own care. In patient care settings, the abilities to listen, ask questions and check one’s understanding are crucial to making appropriate decisions and carrying out instructions. Although literacy is a skill associated with educational attainment and therefore difficult to change in a short time, health education interventions can address health literacy domains such as knowledge, attitudes and oral communication skills. For this reason, an instrument that can assess these constructs is a valuable part of a health educator’s toolbox. The authors describe the development and process and outcomes of testing a novel instrument targeted to assess HPV and cervical cancer health literacy competencies, TALKDOC, including its validation with the Health Activities Literacy Scale. PMID:23030568

HELITZER, DEBORAH; HOLLIS, CHRISTINE; SANDERS, MARGARET; ROYBAL, SUZANNE

2013-01-01

492

Horticulture. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This list consists of essential competencies from the following specialized Ohio Competency Analysis Profiles: Floriculutre and Greenhouse Worker; Nursery and Garden Center Worker; and Turf and Landscape Worker. Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

493

Career Competencies for Career Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the general question as to which competencies employees need to possess in order to engage in self-management in their career development. The authors distinguished and operationalized 6 career factors and competencies of self-management in career development. A quantitative study was performed using 1,579 employees in 16…

Kuijpers, Marinka A. C. T.; Schyns, Birgit; Scheerens, Jaap

2006-01-01

494

Factors in the Development of Clinical Informatics Competence in Early Career Health Sciences Professionals in Australia: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a qualitative study investigating how Australian health professionals may be developing and deploying essential clinical informatics capabilities in the first 5 years of their professional practice. It explores the experiences of four professionals in applying what they have learned formally and informally during their…

Gray, Kathleen; Sim, Jenny

2011-01-01

495

Creating Competence: Perspectives and Practices in Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating competence has become a major issue in organizations. Various authors contend that competency management has the potential of integrating organizational strategy, human-resource instruments, and human-resource development; that competency development can lead to performance improvement; and that it can help Human Resource Development

Mulder, Martin

496

Development of an Equine-Tropic Replication-Competent Lentivirus Assay for Equine Infectious Anemia Virus-Based Lentiviral Vectors  

PubMed Central

Abstract The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical “equine-tropic” RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A.; Evans, Nerys E.; Miskin, James E.; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A.

2012-01-01

497

The Developing Chicken Yolk Sac Acquires Nutrient Transport Competence by an Orchestrated Differentiation Process of Its Endodermal Epithelial Cells*  

PubMed Central

During chicken yolk sac (YS) growth, mesodermal cells in the area vasculosa follow the migrating endodermal epithelial cell (EEC) layer in the area vitellina. Ultimately, these cells form the vascularized YS that functions in nutrient transfer to the embryo. How and when EECs, with their apical aspect directly contacting the oocytic yolk, acquire the ability to take up yolk macromolecules during the vitellina-to-vasculosa transition has not been investigated. In addressing these questions, we found that with progressive vascularization, the expression level in EECs of the nutrient receptor triad, LRP2-cubilin-amnionless, changes significantly. The receptor complex, competent for uptake of yolk proteins, is produced by EECs in the area vasculosa but not in the area vitellina. Yolk components endocytosed by LRP2-cubilin-amnionless, preformed and newly formed lipid droplets, and yolk-derived very low density lipoprotein, shown to be efficiently endocytosed and lysosomally processed by EECs, probably provide substrates for resynthesis and secretion of nutrients, such as lipoproteins. In fact, as directly demonstrated by pulse-chase experiments, EECs in the vascularized, but not in the avascular, region efficiently produce and secrete lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), apoB, and/or apoA-V. In contrast, perilipin 2, a lipid droplet-stabilizing protein, is produced exclusively by the EECs of the area vitellina. These data suggest a differentiation process that orchestrates the vascularization of the developing YS with the induction of yolk uptake and lipoprotein secretion by EECs to ensure embryo nutrition. PMID:23209291

Bauer, Raimund; Plieschnig, Julia A.; Finkes, Thomas; Riegler, Barbara; Hermann, Marcela; Schneider, Wolfgang J.

2013-01-01

498

Development of an equine-tropic replication-competent lentivirus assay for equine infectious anemia virus-based lentiviral vectors.  

PubMed

The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical "equine-tropic" RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

Farley, Daniel C; Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A; Evans, Nerys E; Miskin, James E; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A

2012-10-01

499

Assessing Romantic Competence in Adolescence: The Romantic Competence Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents preliminary psychometric data on the reliability and validity of the newly developed Romantic Competence Interview (RCI). The RCI is an interviewer-assessed measure designed to assess competence among adolescents regardless of romantic relationship status. Eighty-three early adolescent girls (m age = 13.45 years) recruited…

Davila, Joanne; Steinberg, Sara J.; Miller, Melissa Ramsay; Stroud, Catherine B.; Starr, Lisa R.; Yoneda, Athena

2009-01-01

500

Exploring the Sociodemographic, Organizational and Other Correlates Affecting the Promotion of Cultural and Linguistic Competence: Implications for Mental Health Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Cultural and linguistic competence is widely viewed as a strategy for addressing disparities in health and mental health care. Organizational activities towards the integration and implementation of cultural and linguistic competence span the gamut to include training, workforce development, policy development and standards that inform

Francis, Karen Belinda

2012-01-01