Sample records for competency development information

  1. Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

    In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

  2. Choosing Between Competing Design Ideals in Information Systems Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heinz K. Klein; Rudy Hirschheim

    2001-01-01

    Whenever information systems are developed, they serve some interests at the expense of others. Just what those interests are and who possesses them need to be understood and debated as they involve value judgments. This paper contends that advice concerning the design of information systems must not be limited to technical design, but should also address what is good or

  3. Competent information search in the World Wide Web: Development and evaluation of a web training for pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Gerjets; Tina Hellenthal-Schorr

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the development and empirical evaluation of a web training for pupils (CIS-WEB, Competent Information Search in the World Wide WEB) which aims to convey prerequisite knowledge and skills that are necessary for a competent search for information on the web. The web training focuses on competent information handling and is based on two theoretical analyses. First, a

  4. Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

    This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

  5. Competencies for Electronic Information Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbin, John

    1993-01-01

    Defines electronic information services and the competencies required for librarians providing them. Highlights include personal characteristics; basic skills, including computer use, navigation, and word processing; general knowledge, including information storage and retrieval, copyright, and ethics; and education, including formal education,…

  6. Competencies for Information Systems Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everett, Donna R.; O'Neil, Sharon Lund

    1990-01-01

    Through survey research using the DACUM approach and the Delphi technique, 8 broad skill categories and 278 competencies were determined to have some degree of importance for information systems workers. (Author)

  7. Communication Competency through Faculty Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haun, Martha Womack

    Research on the communicative competency of faculty indicates that students can be motivated to learn by competent communicators. In general, communication experts have better competency skills, (i.e., they use more effective verbal and nonverbal immediacy behaviors) than do faculty as a whole. An area much in need of development for most faculty…

  8. Measuring Information Searching Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jakobovits, Leon A.; Nahl-Jakobovits, Diane

    1990-01-01

    Presents a taxonomy and a rationale for measuring three domains of online search competence--affective, cognitive, and sensorimotor. Implications for bibliographic instruction are explored, including the desirability of teaching users affective skills that will permit them to acquire the complex cognitive skills required to conduct more…

  9. Developing Competence at Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bound, Helen; Lin, Magdalene

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we explore the relationship between differing conceptualisations of competence, and the implications of these differences for the enacted workplace curriculum and its pedagogical epistemologies. We argue that when competence is understood as a set of stand-alone attributes that reside within an individual, it limits and over…

  10. Conditions for Developing Communicative Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Materials and Methods. The meaning of the key concepts of "communicative competence" and "opportunities" is studied within the search for conditions to develop. Conclusion. The theoretical findings…

  11. Collaborating with Librarians to Develop Lower Division Political Science Students' Information Literacy Competencies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christy R. Stevens; Patricia J. Campbell

    2008-01-01

    Studies suggest that course-integrated information literacy instruction is an effective way to enhance the quality of student research. However, many political science professors are unfamiliar with the growing information literacy movement in higher education today, with strategies for integrating information literacy into their courses and assignments, and with opportunities to collaborate with librarians beyond requesting a 50-minute library instruction session

  12. Mobile competence development for nomads

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Hardless; Johan Lundin; Urban Nuldén

    2001-01-01

    Outlines an ongoing research project on training, education and sharing of experiences among mobile people, also referred to as nomads. The importance for professionals to continuously learn is widely recognized. Organizations in the new economy are dependent on organizational knowledge and competence. Mobile workers need alternative educational and knowledge development opportunities that are not restrained by time and space. The

  13. Developing Cultural Competence and Overcoming Ethical Challenges in the Informed Consent Process: An Experience from Egypt

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdel-Messih, Ibrahim Adib; El-Setouhy, Maged; Crouch, Michael M.; Earhart, Kenneth C.

    2008-01-01

    Research is conducted in a variety of cultural settings. Ethical standards developed in Europe and the Americas are increasingly applied in these settings, many of which are culturally different from the countries in which these standards originated. To overcome these cultural differences, investigators may be tempted to deviate from ethical…

  14. Promoting Information Competency in Biological Psychology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Laura Freberg, Gayle Brosnan-Watters (California Polytechnic State University, Slippery Rock University; )

    2005-05-17

    This article contains a variety of activities to help improve the information competency skills of biological psychology students. These skills allow students to identify appropiate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically.

  15. Applying Information Competency to Digital Reference

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa Ellis; Stephen Francoeur

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a case for applying information competency (IC) standards to digital reference services at academic libraries. Practical reasons for applying standards or guidelines to e-mail and online chat reference services are given with some insight to the nature of digital reference interactions. The standards that arose from the information competency movement in academic libraries are described and offered

  16. Promoting information competency in biological psychology.

    PubMed

    Freberg, Laura A; Brosnan-Watters, Gayle

    2005-01-01

    Information competency refers to skills that allow a student to identify appropriate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically. Although the sudden increase of information available in electronic form has stimulated interest in information competency, the basic principles apply to all sources of information, including print. Information competency is especially critical in biological psychology. New discoveries in the neurosciences are featured every day by the mainstream media. As a society, we are being asked to make informed decisions about increasingly complex concepts, as in the case of the recent California proposition regarding stem cell research. Ideally, our students will become community leaders who will help shape these and other policy decisions, but the assumption of this role requires skills that extend long after the completion of a particular course or degree. Because of the perceived complexity of biological psychology, students new to the discipline may be reluctant to venture out into the experimental literature. A variety of activities are presented here that will build student confidence and shape information competency. Although these exercises can be used in a variety of disciplines, they are particularly well suited to biological psychology. The various exercises lend themselves to different levels of student expertise. Many of the exercises are quite appropriate for all levels and abilities, including graduate level students. As a bonus, these activities involve students in writing about biological psychology, providing a foundation for the writing of formal term papers or research reports. PMID:23492841

  17. Developing the Intercultural Competence of Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimitrov, Nanda; Dawson, Debra L.; Olsen, Karyn C.; Meadows, Ken N.

    2014-01-01

    This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need to…

  18. Developing a Framework for Communication Management Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeffrey, Lynn Maud; Brunton, Margaret Ann

    2011-01-01

    Using a hierarchical needs assessment model developed by Hunt we identified the essential competencies of communication management practitioners for the purpose of curriculum development and selection. We found that the underlying values of the profession were embodied in two superordinate goals. Six major competencies were identified, which were…

  19. Development of Competency-Based Assessment Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Hsin-Chih; Naquin, Sharon S.

    2005-01-01

    Construct validity has been an issue in assessment centers literature. This study developed a model for competency-based assessment centers by integrating competency modeling, training design, assessment centers, and multi-source feedback assessment. Several propositions in conjunction with the model were also developed to help resolve construct…

  20. How to measure critical health competences: development and validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anke Steckelberg; Christian Hülfenhaus; Jürgen Kasper; Jürgen Rost; Ingrid Mühlhauser

    2009-01-01

    Consumers’ autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical\\u000a health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation\\u000a and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical health competences (CHC test).\\u000a Development and testing of the questionnaire covered three phases: (1) test

  1. Impact of Placement Type on the Development of Clinical Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheepway, Lyndal; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

    2014-01-01

    Background: Speech-language pathology students gain experience and clinical competency through clinical education placements. However, currently little empirical information exists regarding how competency develops. Existing research about the effectiveness of placement types and models in developing competency is generally descriptive and based…

  2. How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

    2009-01-01

    Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

  3. Developing an Information Security Curriculum for Educational Institutions: An Analysis of Goals, Objectives, and Competencies for the 21st Century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Albert Fundaburk; James Cannady

    In recent years, a dramatic shift has occurred in the way computers are used. The advances in computer security have not kept pace with the phenomenal advances in computers and networking. This rapidly evolving information systems environment requires up-to-date information security curriculum. The speed in which the information systems environment changes in regard to security makes it extremely difficult for

  4. Developing competencies for pediatric hospice and palliative medicine.

    PubMed

    Klick, Jeffrey C; Friebert, Sarah; Hutton, Nancy; Osenga, Kaci; Pituch, Kenneth J; Vesel, Tamara; Weidner, Norbert; Block, Susan D; Morrison, Laura J

    2014-12-01

    In 2006, hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) became an officially recognized subspecialty. This designation helped initiate the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education Outcomes Project in HPM. As part of this process, a group of expert clinician-educators in HPM defined the initial competency-based outcomes for HPM fellows (General HPM Competencies). Concurrently, these experts recognized and acknowledged that additional expertise in pediatric HPM would ensure that the competencies for pediatric HPM were optimally represented. To fill this gap, a group of pediatric HPM experts used a product development method to define specific Pediatric HPM Competencies. This article describes the development process. With the ongoing evolution of HPM, these competencies will evolve. As part of the Next Accreditation System, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education uses milestones as a framework to better define competency-based, measurable outcomes for trainees. Currently, there are no milestones specific to HPM, although the field is designing curricular milestones with multispecialty involvement, including pediatrics. These competencies are the conceptual framework for the pediatric content in the HPM milestones. They are specific to the pediatric HPM subspecialist and should be integrated into the training of pediatric HPM subspecialists. They will serve a foundational role in HPM and should inform a wide range of emerging innovations, including the next evolution of HPM Competencies, development of HPM curricular milestones, and training of adult HPM and other pediatric subspecialists. They may also inform pediatric HPM outcome measures, as well as standards of practice and performance for pediatric HPM interdisciplinary teams. PMID:25404726

  5. Models as Feedback: Developing Representational Competence in Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padalkar, Shamin; Hegarty, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Spatial information in science is often expressed through representations such as diagrams and models. Learning the strengths and limitations of these representations and how to relate them are important aspects of developing scientific understanding, referred to as "representational competence." Diagram translation is particularly…

  6. Constructive Development and Counselor Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eriksen, Karen P.; McAuliffe, Garrett J.

    2006-01-01

    Developmental predictors of students' ability to learn counseling skills would help counselor educators select candidates and assist admitted students in their learning. The present research examined the relationship between adult development, as measured by the Learning Environment Preferences test (W. S. Moore, 1989) and the Defining Issues…

  7. Transmigrant Families: Intercultural and Bilingual Competences Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez Barea, Eva Ma.; Garcia-Cano Torrico, Maria; Marquez Lepe, Esther; Ruiz Garzon, Francisca; Pozo Llorente, Ma. Teresa; Dietz, Gunther

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish-German trans-migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical-narrative approach, we reconstruct…

  8. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.7: Information Center/Clearinghouse Professional Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an information center/clearinghouse. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information center professionals perform: acquisitions; thesaurus development and control; indexing/abstracting;…

  9. Communicative Competence: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Further Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Communicative competence is set out to be of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The success of the sustainable development of communicative competence requires existing concepts of communicative competence

  10. Development and Evaluation of Vocational Competency Measures. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalupsky, Albert B.; And Others

    A series of occupational competency tests representing all seven vocational education curriculum areas were developed, field tested, and validated. Seventeen occupations were selected for competency test development: agricultural chemicals applications technician, farm equipment mechanic, computer operator, word processing specialist, apparel…

  11. A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information

    E-print Network

    Kimble, Chris

    A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information System José Braga de of Knowledge Management Systems (KMS). In general, Knowledge Management (KM) initiatives promote the management in complex organizations and context-based information retrieval. Keywords: Competence Management, Knowledge

  12. Survival in Transition or Implementing Information Science Core Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Margaret T.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Identifies and examines four information science core competencies of the Du Pont Corporation's information science services: ability to conceptualize information; knowledge of internal and external information resources; understanding of information resource management; and ability to synthesize and tailor information. Describes the…

  13. Information Pathways for the Competence Foresight Mechanism in Talent Management Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siikaniemi, Lena

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the research and literature through the development of the theme of competence foresight. In addition, the aim is to construct information pathways for the foresight mechanism, for the use of practitioners, to enable them to manage talent and competences with an anticipatory perspective.…

  14. Developing Cultural Competence: Mainstream Teachers and Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colombo, Michaela W.

    2007-01-01

    In response to the underachievement of its Latino children, one district implemented Parent Partnership for Achieving Literacy (PAL), a program to build cultural bridges between home and school. Professional development (PD) that helped mainstream teachers develop cultural competence to work effectively with Latino children and their families was…

  15. A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for the…

  16. Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

    2006-01-01

    This investigation tested the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training and compared portfolios with another method of competence development, case formulation. Results indicate that portfolios benefit the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence, implications…

  17. National Occupational Competency Testing Institute Bulletin of Information for Candidates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Occupational Competency Testing Inst., Albany, NY.

    This bulletin describes the National Occupational Competency Testing Program, which is designed to give experienced craftsmen objective evidence of their competency in order (1) to obtain academic credit toward a degree, (2) to gain certification as an industrial teacher, or (3) to enroll in an industrial teacher education program. Information is…

  18. Developing and implementing core competencies for integrative medicine fellowships.

    PubMed

    Ring, Melinda; Brodsky, Marc; Low Dog, Tieraona; Sierpina, Victor; Bailey, Michelle; Locke, Amy; Kogan, Mikhail; Rindfleisch, James A; Saper, Robert

    2014-03-01

    The Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine defines integrative medicine as "the practice of medicine that reaffirms the importance of the relationship between practitioner and patient, focuses on the whole person, is informed by evidence, and makes use of all appropriate therapeutic approaches, health care professionals, and disciplines to achieve optimal health and healing." Over the past three decades, the U.S. public increasingly has sought integrative medicine approaches. In an effort to train medical professionals to adequately counsel patients on the safe and appropriate use of these approaches, medical schools and residencies have developed curricula on integrative medicine for their trainees. In addition, integrative medicine clinical fellowships for postresidency physicians have emerged to provide training for practitioners interested in gaining greater expertise in this emerging field. Currently, 13 clinical fellowships in integrative medicine exist in the United States, and they are predominantly connected to academic medical centers or teaching affiliate hospitals. In 2010, the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, represented by 56 member academic health care institutions with a shared commitment to advance the principles and practices of integrative medicine, convened a two-year task force to draft integrative medicine fellowship core competencies. These competencies would guide fellowship curriculum development and ensure that graduates possessed a common body of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. In this article, the authors discuss the competencies and the task force's process to develop them, as well as associated teaching and assessment methods, faculty development, potential barriers, and future directions. PMID:24448047

  19. Competency Interpersonal and Communication Skills Sub Domain Information Sharing

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Competency Interpersonal and Communication Skills Sub Domain Information Sharing Learning Objective 1. Communicates clearly on scientific and medical matters with patients, family, colleagues, and community 2. Demonstrates effective communication in shared decision-making Milestones Year I Year II Year

  20. Core competencies for information professionals of Thai academic libraries in the next decade (A.D. 2010–2019)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Piyasuda Tanloet; Kulthida Tuamsuk

    2011-01-01

    This research aimed to develop core competencies framework for information professionals of Thai academic libraries in the next decade (2010–2019). The study consisted of two phases, Phase 1- the study of opinions about the roles of Thai academic libraries and information professionals in the next decade (Tanloet & Tuamsuk, 2011) and Phase 2- the development of core competencies framework conducted

  1. Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

  2. Knowledge Management Model: Practical Application for Competency Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lustri, Denise; Miura, Irene; Takahashi, Sergio

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group…

  3. Competence Development in the Workplace: Concepts, Strategies and Effects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellstrom, Per-Erik; Kock, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    In spite of the expectations that exist regarding efforts to develop competence and in spite of the large amounts of resources devoted to it, there is a marked lack of empirically-based research on competence development in companies and other organizations. The purpose of this article is to present a review of research on strategies for…

  4. The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

    2010-01-01

    Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

  5. The action competence approach and the ‘new’ discourses of education for sustainable development, competence and quality criteria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Finn Mogensen; Karsten Schnack

    2010-01-01

    Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to the German notion of ‘Bildung’ and that the very essence

  6. Information Competencies for Chemistry Undergraduates and Related Collaborative Endeavors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Marion C.

    2014-01-01

    "Information Competencies for Chemistry Undergraduates: The Elements of Information Literacy", (2012-) now in its second edition and available as a Wikibook since 2012, resulted from collaboration by chemistry librarians participating in several professional organizations. Sections covering a) the library and scientific literature and b)…

  7. Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Terry Anthony

    2001-01-01

    Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

  8. Beyond information retrieval and electronic health record use: competencies in clinical informatics for medical education.

    PubMed

    Hersh, William R; Gorman, Paul N; Biagioli, Frances E; Mohan, Vishnu; Gold, Jeffrey A; Mejicano, George C

    2014-01-01

    Physicians in the 21st century will increasingly interact in diverse ways with information systems, requiring competence in many aspects of clinical informatics. In recent years, many medical school curricula have added content in information retrieval (search) and basic use of the electronic health record. However, this omits the growing number of other ways that physicians are interacting with information that includes activities such as clinical decision support, quality measurement and improvement, personal health records, telemedicine, and personalized medicine. We describe a process whereby six faculty members representing different perspectives came together to define competencies in clinical informatics for a curriculum transformation process occurring at Oregon Health & Science University. From the broad competencies, we also developed specific learning objectives and milestones, an implementation schedule, and mapping to general competency domains. We present our work to encourage debate and refinement as well as facilitate evaluation in this area. PMID:25057246

  9. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.12: Library System Supplier Professional Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in a library system supplier organization. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals working in such organizations perform: research and development; marketing; customer support;…

  10. Development of a measure of interpersonal communication competence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca B. Rubin; Matthew M. Martin

    1994-01-01

    This article reports the development of a self?report Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale (ICCS) that taps 10 dimensions of competence: self?disclosure, empathy, social relaxation, assertiveness, interaction management, altercentrism, expressiveness, supportiveness, immediacy, and environmental control. First, we created the ICCS, reducing the number of items from an original 60 to 10. Then we established concurrent validity of the scale by looking at

  11. Development and Validation of the Educational Technologist Multimedia Competency Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Martin, Florence

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research study was to identify the multimedia competencies of an educational technologist by creating a valid and reliable survey instrument to administer to educational technology professionals. The educational technology multimedia competency survey developed through this research is based on a conceptual framework that…

  12. The Development and Test of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schreiber, Lisa M.; Paul, Gregory D.; Shibley, Lisa R.

    2012-01-01

    In response to the demand for increased accountability within the university classroom, there have been calls for a new generation of rubrics that effectively assess students' competence in several areas, including public speaking. This article describes the development, test, and factor analyses of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric (PSCR), an…

  13. Developing Cultural Competence in Working with Korean Immigrant Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Irene J.; Kim, Luke I. C.; Kelly, James G.

    2006-01-01

    The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration…

  14. Using Role Play To Develop Cultural Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shearer, Ruth; Davidhizar, Ruth

    2003-01-01

    Role playing is a useful method for teaching cultural competence in nurse-patient situations. Successful implementation depends on identification of objectives and grading criteria, adequate time, guidelines for role specifications, monitoring of the process, delineation of the relationship to theory, and facilitation of constructive analysis.…

  15. Developing cultural competence in health care settings. National Center for Cultural Competence.

    PubMed

    2002-01-01

    Increasing cultural and linguistic competence in health care settings is important for several reasons, including: responding to current and projected demographic changes in the United States; eliminating long-standing disparities in the health status of people of diverse racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds; improving quality of both services provided and health outcomes; meeting legislative, regulatory, and accreditation mandates; gaining a competitive edge in the market place; and decreasing the likelihood of liability/malpractice claims. Changes in policies, structures, practices, and procedures are often needed to bring about improvements in this arena. To support the process of change, The National Center for Cultural Competence (NCCC) was funded to increase the capacity of health care and mental health systems, institutions, programs, and providers to design, implement, and evaluate service delivery systems for cultural and linguistic competence. Several checklists developed by the NCCC are presented here for use by individual practitioners, programs, and institutions in assessing aspects of cultural competence. PMID:11962178

  16. Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Relation between Pragmalinguistic Competence and Sociopragmatic Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Yuh-Fang

    2011-01-01

    The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers' call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between…

  17. Discovery of novel peptides regulating competence development in Streptococcus mutans.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Sang-Joon; Kaspar, Justin; Kim, Jeong Nam; Seaton, Kinda; Burne, Robert A

    2014-11-01

    A MarR-like transcriptional repressor (RcrR) and two predicted ABC efflux pumps (RcrPQ) encoded by a single operon were recently shown to be dominant regulators of stress tolerance and development of genetic competence in the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans. Here, we focused on polar (?rcrR-P) and nonpolar (?rcrR-NP) rcrR mutants, which are hyper- and nontransformable, respectively, to dissect the mechanisms by which these mutations impact competence. We discovered two open reading frames (ORFs) in the 3' end of the rcrQ gene that encode peptides of 27 and 42 amino acids (aa) which are also dramatically upregulated in the ?rcrR-NP strain. Deletion of, or start codon mutations in, the ORFs for the peptides in the ?rcrR-NP background restored competence and sensitivity to competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) to levels seen in the ?rcrR-P strain. Overexpression of the peptides adversely affected competence development. Importantly, overexpression of mutant derivatives of the ABC exporters that lacked the peptides also resulted in impaired competence. FLAG-tagged versions of the peptides could be detected in S. mutans, and FLAG tagging of the peptides impaired their function. The competence phenotypes associated with the various mutations, and with overexpression of the peptides and ABC transporters, were correlated with the levels of ComX protein in cells. Collectively, these studies revealed multiple novel mechanisms for regulation of competence development by the components of the rcrRPQ operon. Given their intimate role in competence and stress tolerance, the rcrRPQ-encoded peptides may prove to be useful targets for therapeutics to diminish the virulence of S. mutans. PMID:25135217

  18. Future Perfect: A Guide for Professional Development and Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Kathleen; And Others

    A professional development plan for a career in campus activities is presented, along with suggestions for implementing the plan. Attention is directed to: professional development as an ongoing process, steps to develop competence, how people learn, personal qualities needed by a student development professional, areas of knowledge and traits…

  19. Testing can counteract proactive interference by integrating competing information.

    PubMed

    Wahlheim, Christopher N

    2015-01-01

    Testing initially learned information before presenting new information has been shown to counteract the deleterious effects of proactive interference by segregating competing sources of information. The present experiments were conducted to demonstrate that testing can also have its effects in part by integrating competing information. Variations of classic A-B, A-D paired-associate learning paradigms were employed that included two lists of word pairs and a cued-recall test. Repeated pairs appeared in both lists (A-B, A-B), control pairs appeared in List 2 only (A-B, C-D), and changed pairs appeared with the same cue in both lists but with different responses (A-B, A-D). The critical manipulation was whether pairs were tested or restudied in an interpolated phase that occurred between Lists 1 and 2. On a final cued-recall test, participants recalled List 2 responses and then indicated when they recollected that responses had earlier changed between lists. The change recollection measure indexed the extent to which competing responses were integrated during List 2. Change was recollected more often for tested than for restudied pairs. Proactive facilitation was obtained in cued recall when change was recollected, whereas proactive interference was obtained when change was not recollected. These results provide evidence that testing counteracted proactive interference in part by making List 1 responses more accessible during List 2, thus promoting integration and increasing later recollection of change. These results have theoretical implications because they show that testing can counteract proactive interference by integrating or segregating competing information. PMID:25120241

  20. SCID: A Competency-Based Curriculum Development Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Robert E.

    To provide structure for developing curriculum for Competency Based Education (CBE), an effective and efficient model, Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID), has been devised. SCID has five phases: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. Each of 23 components involves several steps, some optional. Phase…

  1. Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pant, Laxmi Prasad

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

  2. Linking quality goals and product development competences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johanne Rønnow Olsen; Hanne Harmsen; Alan Friis

    2008-01-01

    Quality is a main determinant of consumer food choice. Product development is accordingly a key activity for companies, because it generates the products on the quality of which consumer choices are based. In this respect, product development managers have a focal role, as their personal quality orientation influence the way product development is performed. The aim of this paper is

  3. Ultrasonography for rheumatologists: the development of specific competency based educational outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Brown, A K; O'Connor, P J; Roberts, T E; Wakefield, R J; Karim, Z; Emery, P

    2006-01-01

    Background A competency based approach to the education of rheumatologists in musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSK US) ensures standards are documented, transparent, accountable, and defensible, with clear benefit to all stakeholders. Specific competency outcomes will facilitate informed development of a common curriculum and structured programme of training and assessment. Objective To determine explicit competency based learning outcomes for rheumatologists undertaking MSK US. Methods International experts in MSK US, satisfying specific selection criteria, were asked to define the minimum standards required by a rheumatologist to be judged competent in MSK US. They reviewed 115 MSK US skills, comprising bone and soft tissue pathology, in seven joints regions of the upper and lower limbs, and rated their relative importance according to specific criteria. These data are presented as specific educational outcomes within designated competency categories. Results 57 expert MSK US practitioners were identified and 35 took part in this study. Ten generic core competency outcomes were recognised including physics, anatomy, technique, and interpretation. Regarding specific regional competencies, 53% (61/115) were considered “must know” core learning outcomes, largely comprising inflammatory joint/tendon/bone pathology and guided procedures; 45% (52/115) were required at an intermediate/advanced level (18/115 “should know”, 34/115 “could know”), and 2% (2/115) were deemed inappropriate/unnecessary for rheumatologist ultrasonographers. Conclusions This is the first study to developing a competency model for the education of rheumatologists in MSK US based on the evidence of international experts. A specific set of learning outcomes has been defined, which will facilitate future informed education and practice development and provide a blueprint for a structured rheumatology MSK US curriculum and assessment process. PMID:16192291

  4. Developing Competence for Nurses and Social Workers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damron-Rodriguez, JoAnn

    2008-01-01

    Informal caregivers--primarily family members--are the foundation of rehabilitation, chronic care, and long-term support for older persons. The growing population of older persons and the changing health care delivery system (for example, shortened hospital stays) demand more of family caregivers and increase the toll on their health. To help them…

  5. Pedagogical Catalysts of Civic Competence: The Development of a Critical Epistemological Model for Community-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stokamer, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    Democratic problem-solving necessitates an active and informed citizenry, but existing research on service-learning has shed little light on the relationship between pedagogical practices and civic competence outcomes. This study developed and tested a model to represent that relationship and identified pedagogical catalysts of civic competence

  6. Social Competency and New Product Development Performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jifeng Mu; Gengmiao Zhang; Douglas L. MacLachlan

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies have fruitfully investigated the suc- cess factors of new product development. Most of these studies explored the phenomenon from the firm\\/team level. Little has been done from the perspective of how individuals within new prod- uct teams contribute to new product development (NPD) and its performance. Yet, any organizational output should be imputable to specific individuals, and understanding

  7. The development of an online measure of therapist competence?

    PubMed Central

    Cooper, Zafra; Doll, Helen; Bailey-Straebler, Suzanne; Kluczniok, Dorothea; Murphy, Rebecca; O'Connor, Marianne E.; Fairburn, Christopher G.

    2015-01-01

    The topic of therapist training has been relatively neglected in the research literature. Similarly, the related issue of the measurement of the outcome of training, especially therapist competence, has been largely overlooked. Data supporting the effectiveness of various methods of clinician training and those providing estimates of the level of competence achieved by clinicians are scarce. Validated scalable methods for the measurement of clinician outcomes such as competence are required to evaluate both existing and new methods of training. This study focuses on the development and testing of an online measure (eMeasure) to assess therapists' applied knowledge of Enhanced Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT-E), a transdiagnostic evidence-supported treatment for the full range of eating disorders. The eMeasure meets the stringent requirements of the Rasch model and has three equivalent versions making it suitable for repeat testing of trainees in outcome studies. Preliminary best cut points to distinguish between those who are competent and those who are not are identified. While the present work focused on CBT-E, the method described may be used to develop and test other measures relating to therapist competence. PMID:25528502

  8. Nine Constructs of Cultural Competence for Curriculum Development

    PubMed Central

    Brookover, Cecile; Kennedy, Kathleen

    2010-01-01

    Objective To examine the self-administered Clinical Cultural Competency Questionnaire (CCCQ) and assess the perceived level of cultural competence of students in Xavier University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy to guide curriculum development within the 4-year academic program. Methods The CCCQ was administrated to each class of pharmacy students during spring 2009. Exploratory factor analysis with principal components and varimax rotation was conducted to build the constructs explaining the factors measuring students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Results Nine factors, including 46 items extracted from the CCCQ and explaining 79% of the total variance, were found as the best fit to measure students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Conclusions The CCCQ was found to be a practical, valid, and reliable self-assessment instrument to measure the perceived level of pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and encounters in cross-cultural environments. The questionnaire allowed the identification of students' needs for training in cultural competence and the development of a curriculum tailored to satisfy those needs. PMID:21436922

  9. Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

  10. Developing and Measuring Competence in West Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engvold, Michael; Ingerslev, Poul

    1992-01-01

    Describes the development of a staff evaluation method for a West African diesel power plant extension, focusing on project constraints, individual job performance, maintenance staff group performance, unscheduled emergency exercises, unplanned shutdowns and other critical incidents, and observation of staff behavior during shifts. Outlines staff…

  11. The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

    2009-01-01

    The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

  12. Entrepreneurship Competencies for Vocational Curriculum Development. Instructor's Handbook. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmieri, D. Frank; Vecchiola, Leonard C.

    This handbook is intended to assist vocational teachers and administrators in preparing vocational curricula that include materials for developing teacher- and business-identified entrepreneurship competencies. The handbook begins with a discussion of the need to infuse entrepreneurship education into all areas of vocational education. The next…

  13. Development of Examinations for Assessment of Occupational Competency. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Raymond J.

    The objectives of the two-year project were to develop new occupational competency examinations for seven occupational areas--automotive mechanics, carpentry, chef, electrician (residential), industrial electronics, machine drafting, and machine trades--and subject the written examinations to a validation procedure. Vocational trade teachers were…

  14. Generative Adaptation and Reuse of Competence Development Programmes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodero, Juan Manuel; Zarraonandia, Telmo; Fernandez, Camino; Diez, David

    2007-01-01

    Instructional engineering provides methods to conduct the design and adaptation of competence development programmes by the combination of diverse learning components (i.e. units of learning, learning activities, learning resources and learning services). It occurs through an established process workflow in which models with diverse levels of…

  15. The Challenges in Developing VET Competencies in E-Commerce.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, John

    A formative evaluation was begun of an innovative project funded by the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) to develop competencies and qualifications in e-commerce. The formative evaluation was designed to focus on inputs, processes, and interim outputs, identifying both good practice and areas for improvement. Findings to date…

  16. School of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency

    E-print Network

    Li, Kin-Yin

    the importance of compliance with the ethics of science and being a responsible citizen towards their communitySchool of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency Educate our students and working lives. Intended learning outcome of science students Upon graduation, students should: 1. Be able

  17. Developing Intercultural Competence through Global Link Experiences in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ko, Bomna; Boswell, Boni; Yoon, Seok

    2015-01-01

    Background: Recognition of the importance of the development of intercultural competence (ICC) has placed intense pressure on teacher education programs to infuse a global perspective into their programs. Several studies have proposed integration of global elements into teacher education programs. Although the use of online tools for…

  18. "Exercices de style": Developing Multiple Competencies through a Writing Portfolio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paesani, Kate

    2006-01-01

    This article presents a writing portfolio project whose primary goal is to integrate the development of proficiency skills, content knowledge, and grammatical competence through literary study. Excerpts from Queneau's (1947) "Exercices de style," which tells the same story 99 times, serve as the basis for this portfolio project: These excerpts are…

  19. Linguistic Perspectives on the Development of Intercultural Competence in Telecollaboration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belz, Julie A.

    2003-01-01

    Presents a case study of the development of intercultural competence in a German-American e-mail partnership by examining the electronic interaction produced in this exchange within the framework of appraisal theory, a Hallidayan-inspired linguistic approach to the investigation of evaluative language. (VWL)

  20. Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based…

  1. Field-Initiated Administrator Competency Development: A Pilot Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Gordon A., Jr.; Seager, Andrew

    Maine Bill L.D. 1228, passed in June 1985, changed the groundrules for administrator certification, giving district-based administrators and others (as opposed to universities) the planning, support, and review authority over competency development of candidates for administrator certification or recertification. Between July 1985 and September…

  2. Developing Narrative Competence through Reading and Writing Metafictive Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pantaleo, Sylvia

    2010-01-01

    The classroom-based research discussed in this article focuses on how elementary students' experiences with a collection of postmodern picturebooks developed their narrative competence. This article explores how 39 Grades 3 and 4 students' written and visual texts were affected by reading a particular selection of picturebooks. The students wrote…

  3. Credibility and Competence: Key Characteristics of Development Communicators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrnes, Francis C.

    Agricultural extension systems in the developing countries have, with few exceptions, failed to increase agricultural productivity adequately. Many of the change agent failures can be traced to their lack of credibility. They are not trusted or respected because farmers have learned that many are not technically competent. Good agricultural…

  4. Promoting Ego Development and Multicultural Competence during Internship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cannon, Edward P.; Frank, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development

  5. Developing Intercultural Competence in University Staff: Augmenting Internationalisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrew, Helen

    2012-01-01

    The primary aim of this research was to consider the benefit of providing professional development in intercultural competence for general staff at Deakin University. While the question arose from a disparity identified in the University policies, the importance of this consideration was highlighted in an impending audit to be conducted by AUQA,…

  6. Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

    2006-01-01

    Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-ba sed learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way.

  7. The development of ESD-related competencies in supportive institutional frameworks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Haan, Gerhard

    2010-06-01

    Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany—in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations—one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping and understanding pupils' competencies. This article provides a Model of Competence for ESD in the formal education sector. This model aims to inform the organisation of teaching and to help assess the learning outcomes of pupils who have received instruction in issues relating to ESD. The competence model was developed and extended in connection with two German federal state innovation programmes which aimed to implement the concept of ESD in schools across the country.

  8. Do Higher Education Institutions Make a Difference in Competence Development? A Model of Competence Production at University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salas Velasco, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a model of competence development required of graduates at work which suggests that universities make a difference when they add value to their students. They add value by ensuring that their modes of teaching and learning, and assessment positively enhance the competencies of their students which are important in the labor…

  9. Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Education Competencies and a Competency-Based Resource Guide for Preschool-Aged Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scherr, Rachel E.; Reed, Heather; Briggs, Marilyn; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri

    2011-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate nutrition education competencies and a competency-based resource guide, Connecting the Dots...Healthy Foods, Healthy Choices, Healthy Kids (CTD), for preschool-aged children in California. Methods: Nutrition education experts and California Department of Education staff…

  10. Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos

    PubMed Central

    Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

    2013-01-01

    Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

  11. Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide facultywith opportunities to develop

    E-print Network

    Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide to Information Literacy Competencies. As of fall 2014, seventy-six grants have been awarded. Projects have Information Literacy Modules for Local, National and/or Worldwide Impact Sections of First Year Seminar Timoth

  12. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.10: Information Analysis Center Professional Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an information analysis center. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals in such centers perform: acquisitions; indexing/abstracting; reference; information analysis research;…

  13. Quality Evaluation and Quality Enhancement in Preschool: A Model of Competence Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheridan, Sonja

    2001-01-01

    Examined whether preschool quality could be enhanced through competence development in teaching staff simultaneous to organizational changes and financial cutbacks. Tested a model for competence development with an intervention group that took part in a competence development program. Found that the development work led to a higher quality in…

  14. DACUM: a versatile competency-based framework for staff development.

    PubMed

    DeOnna, Janetta

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to share a competency-based method of job analysis known as DACUM (Develop A CUrriculuM) that provides a credible and defensible framework for developing job descriptions, identifying training needs, and prioritizing staff development initiatives. The process capitalizes on the power of group synergy, interaction, and consensus and facilitates employer/employee buy-in. It is easily adapted for use in any occupational setting, and may be particularly appreciated during organizational restructuring efforts. PMID:11840017

  15. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.11: Information Service Company Professional Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an information service company. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals in such companies perform: project management; reference/analysis of secondary data; research, analysis,…

  16. Defining Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCowan, Richard J.

    1998-01-01

    A major problem in competency-based education is the lack of clarity in defining competence. This monograph describes the levels of competence used in developing competency-based educational programs and provides a taxonomy that can be used in developing competency-based instruction. The taxonomy includes four levels. Level 1 includes specific…

  17. Emotional competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.

    PubMed

    Lau, Patrick S Y; Wu, Florence K Y

    2012-01-01

    The concept of emotional competence as a positive youth development construct is reviewed in this paper. Differences between emotional intelligence and emotional competence are discussed and an operational definition is adopted. Assessment methods of emotional competence with an emphasis on its quantitative nature are introduced. In the discussion of theories of emotional competence, the functionalist and developmental perspectives and the relationships with positive youth development are highlighted. Possible antecedents, especially the influence of early child-caregiver, and expected outcomes of emotional competence are examined. Practical ways to promote emotional competence among adolescents, particularly the role of parents and teachers, and the future direction of research are also discussed. PMID:22666176

  18. Information Tracking and Encoding in Early L1: Linguistic Competence vs. Cognitive Limitations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Cat, Cecile

    2011-01-01

    This study provides experimental evidence for preschool children's competence in basic information structure, with particular attention to the notions of topic and focus. It investigates their mastery of structural and definiteness distinctions to encode the information status of discourse referents, and seeks to distinguish linguistic competence

  19. Unfolding multicourse case study: developing students' administrative competencies.

    PubMed

    Porter-Wenzlaffs, Linda J

    2013-01-01

    Providing students with learning opportunities that integrate disparate data into meaningful constructs can be a challenge for faculty. The author discusses an unfolding case study that provided simulated learning opportunities related to administrative student competencies, staged to increase in complexity and scope over time while affording multiple student evaluation opportunities. A hybrid delivery format was used, including Blackboard Learn e-technology, to support individual student assignments and small group collaboration, cloud technology for shared student document development, Excel budget manipulation, and face-to-face classroom interactions. PMID:24157671

  20. Epidemiology Competency Development and Application to Training for Local and Regional Public Health Practitioners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet G. Baseman; Nicola Marsden-Haug; Marcia Goldoft; James L. Gale

    a SYNOPSIS In 2002, the Northwest Center for Public Health Practice (NWCPHP) at the Uni- versity of Washington initiated the Epidemiology Competencies Project, with the goal of developing competency-based epidemiology training for non-epi- demiologist public health practitioners in the northwestern United States. An advisory committee consisting of epidemiology faculty and experienced public health practitioners developed the epidemiology competencies. NWCPHP used

  1. Counselor Development in the Process of Mastering Cultural Competence: A Study of Professional Growth Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakefield, Marie A.

    2012-01-01

    Grounded theory methodology was employed to explore the experiences of counseling professionals as they work to develop a higher level of cultural competence. Three key findings support the core theme, navigating change toward cultural competent practices: (1) environmental awareness; (2) dispositions toward the development in cultural competency

  2. A Financial Aid Competency Model for Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolf, Neil; Martinez, Mario

    2013-01-01

    This research explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of 30 competencies was distributed to 508 financial aid officers in the Western United States. Respondents were asked to rate 30 job competencies for their relative importance and frequency of use. Using exploratory factor analysis,…

  3. Developing a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sampson, Demetrios; Karampiperis, Pythagoras; Fytros, Demetrios

    2007-01-01

    Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non-formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues…

  4. Developing a common metadata model for competencies description

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Demetrios G. Sampson; Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Fytros

    2007-01-01

    Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non- formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues related with the definition of a common

  5. A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

    2012-12-01

    The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

  6. Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

    2013-01-01

    Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

  7. Developing the Emotional Competence of Teachers and Pupils in School Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez-Escoda, N.; Filella, G.; Alegre, A.; Bisquerra, R.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: This paper describes the evaluation of two training programmes, one targeted at teachers and the other at pupils, the aim of both being to improve personal and social well-being through the development of emotional competence (emotional awareness, emotional regulation, emotional autonomy, social competence and life competencies).…

  8. Development and Validation of the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) Self-Report Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunaway, Krystall E.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Porter, Bryan E.

    2012-01-01

    No self-report measure of cultural competence currently exists in program evaluation. Adapting items from cultural competence measures in fields such as counseling and nursing, the researchers developed the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) self-report scale. The goals of this study were to validate the CCPE and to assess…

  9. Competing through Services: Service Migration of Information Technology Product Vendors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shu Han; T. Ravichandran; Jason Kuruzovich

    2010-01-01

    The provision of services has become an increasingly important component of the economy of industrialized economies and the revenue stream for many traditional product companies. This is especially true for companies offering information technology (IT) products, as service revenues are often several times the initial purchase or licensing fees, making the development of a successful services business both a strategic

  10. Helping Amreica Compete: The Role of Federal Scientific & Technical Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

    Prepared in response to a request from the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, this report assesses how scientific and technical information (STI) developed by or for the Federal Government can contribute to a more competitive United States and what actions are needed to realize this potential. It is argued that STI is important…

  11. The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): development and validation of a self-reported measure that fits dimensions of emotional competence theory.

    PubMed

    Brasseur, Sophie; Grégoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moïra

    2013-01-01

    Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one's own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals' adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one's own and others' emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

  12. Health Information Literacy and Competencies of Information Age Students: Results From the Interactive Online Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA)

    PubMed Central

    O’Boyle, Irene; Casey, Anne Marie

    2006-01-01

    Background In an era of easy access to information, university students who will soon enter health professions need to develop their information competencies. The Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA) is based on the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education, and it measures proficiency in obtaining health information, evaluating the quality of health information, and understanding plagiarism. Objective This study aimed to measure the proficiency of college-age health information consumers in finding and evaluating electronic health information; to assess their ability to discriminate between peer-reviewed scholarly resources and opinion pieces or sales pitches; and to examine the extent to which they are aware of their level of health information competency. Methods An interactive 56-item online assessment, the Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA), was used to measure the health information competencies of university students. We invited 400 students to take part in the study, and 308 participated, giving a response rate of 77%. The RRSA included multiple-choice questions and problem-based exercises. Declarative and procedural knowledge were assessed in three domains: finding health information, evaluating health information, and understanding plagiarism. Actual performance was contrasted with self-reported skill level. Upon answering all questions, students received a results page that summarized their numerical results and displayed individually tailored feedback composed by an experienced librarian. Results Even though most students (89%) understood that a one-keyword search is likely to return too many documents, few students were able to narrow a search by using multiple search categories simultaneously or by employing Boolean operators. In addition, nearly half of the respondents had trouble discriminating between primary and secondary sources of information as well as between references to journal articles and other published documents. When presented with questionable websites on nonexistent nutritional supplements, only 50% of respondents were able to correctly identify the website with the most trustworthy features. Less than a quarter of study participants reached the correct conclusion that none of the websites made a good case for taking the nutritional supplements. Up to 45% of students were unsure if they needed to provide references for ideas expressed in paraphrased sentences or sentences whose structure they modified. Most respondents (84%) believed that their research skills were good, very good, or excellent. Students’ self-perceptions of skill tended to increase with increasing level of education. Self-reported skills were weakly correlated with actual skill level, operationalized as the overall RRSA score (Cronbach alpha = .78 for 56 RRSA items). Conclusions While the majority of students think that their research skills are good or excellent, many of them are unable to conduct advanced information searches, judge the trustworthiness of health-related websites and articles, and differentiate between various information sources. Students’ self-reports may not be an accurate predictor of their actual health information competencies. PMID:16867969

  13. Stereotyping based on voice in the presence of individuating information: vocal femininity affects perceived competence but not warmth.

    PubMed

    Sei Jin Ko; Judd, Charles M; Stapel, Diederik A

    2009-02-01

    In two experiments the authors examined the effect of vocal cues on warmth and competence judgments when other competing information was concurrently available. In Experiment 1, using male and female speakers posing as job applicants, the authors investigated how applicants' vocal cues and résumé information impacted judgments of competence and warmth. Results showed competence was solely affected by vocal femininity-applicants with masculine voices were rated as more competent than applicants with feminine voices, regardless of applicant gender or résumé information. Warmth was predominantly affected by résumés-applicants with feminine résumés were rated as warmer than applicants with masculine résumés. In Experiment 2, the potent effect of vocal femininity on competence was replicated even under conditions where the competing background information was directly diagnostic of warmth and competence. Furthermore, the authors found that the impact of vocal femininity on competence was largely due to the overlap between perceptions of vocal femininity and babyishness. PMID:19141624

  14. The Interpersonal Competence Development Project: The Intersection of Theory and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Elizabeth E.; Mazer, Joseph P.

    2011-01-01

    Skill development exercises designed to promote the development of students' interpersonal competence have been the centerpiece of undergraduate interpersonal communication courses for decades. Research suggests that students develop interpersonal competence through exposure to and participation in skill development courses and activities. In…

  15. Developing the Great Eight Competencies with Leaderless Group Discussion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costigan, Robert D.; Donahue, Lynn

    2009-01-01

    The Great Eight competencies are work behaviors that promote employee effectiveness in 21st-century organizations. These competencies include enterprising and performing, adapting and coping, organizing and executing, creating and conceptualizing, analyzing and interpreting, interacting and presenting, supporting and cooperating, and leading and…

  16. Competences, Learning Theories and MOOCs: Recent Developments in Lifelong Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steffens, Karl

    2015-01-01

    Our societies have come to be known as knowledge societies in which lifelong learning is becoming increasingly important. In this context, competences have become a much discussed topic. Many documents were published by international organisations (UNESCO, World Bank, European Commission) which enumerated 21st century key competences. The field of…

  17. Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

    2010-01-01

    Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

  18. Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

    2014-01-01

    The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

  19. Bidirectional Associations Among Sensitive Parenting, Language Development, and Social Competence

    PubMed Central

    Barnett, Melissa A.; Gustafsson, Hanna; Deng, Min; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Cox, Martha

    2014-01-01

    Rapid changes in language skills and social competence, both of which are linked to sensitive parenting, characterize early childhood. The present study examines bidirectional associations among mothers’ sensitive parenting and children’s language skills and social competence from 24 to 36 months in a community sample of 174 families. In addition, this study examines how these developmental pathways vary by child sex. Findings indicate stability across time in sensitive parenting, expressive language skills, and social competence, as well as positive main effects of sensitive parenting on expressive and receptive language skills for girls and boys. We find mixed evidence over time of reciprocal links between social competence and sensitive parenting. Further, boys’ receptive language skills at 24 months uniquely contribute to increases in mothers’ observed sensitive parenting from 24 to 36 months. These findings highlight the utility of applying transactional frameworks to the study of sex-based differences in early developmental processes. PMID:25126021

  20. Development of Psychiatric–Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Competencies: Opportunities for the 21st Century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen Wheeler; Judith Haber

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of the psychiatric–mental health nurse practitioner(PMHNP) competencies. The historical context and controversy regarding the role of advanced practice psychiatric mental health nursing as well as the consensus process of a national panel charged with the development of these competencies are described. Also, implications for education, practice, research, and policy are

  1. Development, Implementation and Evaluation of a Competency Based Program in Counselor Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavilan, Marisal R.; Ryan, Colleen

    This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a competency based, criterion-referenced masters degree counselor education program. It delineates the program's philosophy; the procedures for establishing the exit competencies; task analyses for developing courses and field experiences; the assessment of students'…

  2. Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the European…

  3. The Development and Validation of a Measure of Generic Work Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nikolaou, Ioannis

    2003-01-01

    Competency management has attracted much attention, especially between business consultants and human resources professionals. Nevertheless, the lack of a unified framework of generic work competencies has been a significant obstacle for the further development of the field, both in research and in practice. This article discusses the development,…

  4. Vocational Education Students' Generic Working Life Competencies: Developing a Self-Assessment Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyndt, Eva; Janssens, Ine; Coertjens, Liesje; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent; Van Petegem, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The current study reports on the process of developing a self-assessment instrument for vocational education students' generic working life competencies. The instrument was developed based on a competence framework and in close collaboration with several vocational education teachers and intermediary organisations offering various human…

  5. Threat-Related Information Suggests Competence: A Possible Factor in the Spread of Rumors

    PubMed Central

    Boyer, Pascal; Parren, Nora

    2015-01-01

    Information about potential danger is a central component of many rumors, urban legends, ritual prescriptions, religious prohibitions and witchcraft crazes. We investigate a potential factor in the cultural success of such material, namely that a source of threat-related information may be intuitively judged as more competent than a source that does not convey such information. In five studies, we asked participants to judge which of two sources of information, only one of which conveyed threat-related information, was more knowledgeable. Results suggest that mention of potential danger makes a source appear more competent than others, that the effect is not due to a general negativity bias, and that it concerns competence rather than a more generally positive evaluation of the source. PMID:26061409

  6. Competencies in Ornamental Horticulture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewen, Curtis E.

    1974-01-01

    Based on the author's dissertation, this article pertains to the identification of competencies for ornamental horticulture workers in Oregon. Findings were based on interviews with 56 ornamental horticulture business employers regarding 100 competencies. The method used can serve as a model for obtaining occupational information to develop and…

  7. Nurses' competencies in disaster nursing: implications for curriculum development and public health.

    PubMed

    Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

    2014-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses' perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses' perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses' (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses' perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public. PMID:24658409

  8. Nurses’ Competencies in Disaster Nursing: Implications for Curriculum Development and Public Health

    PubMed Central

    Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses’ perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses’ perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses’ (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses’ perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public. PMID:24658409

  9. Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide faculty with

    E-print Network

    Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide to Information Literacy Competencies. Since 2002 (as of Fall 2011), fifty grants have been awarded. Projects have link) The following are just a selection: How Did We Get Here? Information Literacy in Understanding

  10. Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagarkar, S.

    2010-10-01

    The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

  11. Deoxyribonucleic acid repair in Bacillus subtilis: development of competent cells into a tester for carcinogens

    SciTech Connect

    Yasbin, R.E.; Miehl, R.

    1980-04-01

    The development of competent transformed Bacillus subtilis into a tester system for carcinogens is described. Precocious or noninduced activation of SOS functions occurs in competent cells. Thus, lower doses or concentrations of SOS inducing agents are needed to cause cell death due to indigenous prophage activation and lysis of bacteria. The two known defective prophages in B. subtilis enhance the sensitivity of competent cells to the carcinogens ultraviolet light, mitomycin C, and methyl methanesulfonate. However, these same cells have no enhanced sensitivity for the non-carcinogenic ethyl methanesulfonate or for nalidixic acid. Therefore, competent B. subtilis appears to be a sensitive tester for carcinogens.

  12. Student and Teacher Ratings of Academic Competence: An Examination of Cross-Informant Agreement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kettler, Ryan J.; Elliott, Stephen N.; DiPerna, James C.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Reiser, Deitra; Resurreccion, Leilani

    2014-01-01

    Two studies were conducted with samples of middle and high school teachers and students to examine cross-informant agreement on the Academic Competence Evaluation Scales. Cross-informant agreement was examined using Pearson correlations and conditional probability indices. Results of Study 1 (N = 65) and Study 2 (N = 66) indicated that teacher and…

  13. Information literacy competency of freshman business students of a private university in Bangladesh

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to assess basic information literacy (IL) competency and the perception of IL behaviour of freshman undergraduate business students of Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Freshman business students were asked to fill a set of structured and sample questions which assessed their level of information skills and basic IL behaviour. The questionnaire

  14. Exploring the Information Literacy Competence Standards for Elementary and High School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wen, Jia Rong; Shih, Wen Ling

    2008-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to establish Information Literacy Competence Standards for Elementary and High School Teachers. To establish these standards a set of two expert round-table discussions and three rounds of Delphi Technique surveys were employed. Ten participants including field scholars, information professionals were invited to…

  15. Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.

    PubMed

    Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

    2014-01-01

    Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

  16. Feasibility Study for Paravetic Competency Development of Vocational Agriculture Teachers. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Donald E.

    A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of an animal health (paravetical) competency development inservice program for vocational agriculture teachers in Pennsylvania. Objectives were to identify the paravetic (paraveterinary medical) competencies needed by vocational agriculture teachers to teach high school students and adults via…

  17. Competences for Sustainable Development and Sustainability: Significance and Challenges for ESD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mochizuki, Yoko; Fadeeva, Zinaida

    2010-01-01

    Purpose--The purpose of this paper is to draw attention of the education for sustainable development (ESD) community to recent discussions on competence approaches and to examine the adequacy of a competence-based model as the means of achieving educational and societal transformation towards sustainability. The paper analyses and highlights some…

  18. Preparing Global Leaders: A Theoretical Model for Understanding the Development of Intercultural Competency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Cynthia Ann

    2012-01-01

    As globalization increases, organizations are seeking individuals that have developed intercultural competency (ICC) and are prepared to lead for the 21st century. Although there are competing definitions among scholars as to what characteristics (ability, attitude, awareness, behaviors, knowledge, skills, or values) make up ICC (Ang & Van…

  19. From developing to investigating intercultural competence in practice through oral and written

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    From developing to investigating intercultural competence in practice through oral and written competences of the two students on the basis of Byram`s categories 2 of the students` self the opinion of her German interlocutors about her mother tongue (French) « Je suis aussi intéressée de savoir

  20. A Manual of Competency Matched Instructional Materials for Developing Coal Mining Curricula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Douglas S.; Oglesby, Elizabeth H.

    To assist in the development of secondary level coal mining curricula, this report identifies sixty-four competencies considered by coal mining companies and instructors to be of major or moderate importance. Also, four tables are used to aid curriculum planners. Table 1 contains occupational competencies ranked in importance for the secondary…

  1. The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

    2009-01-01

    Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

  2. Developing communicative competence in Japanese fourth-grade English language learners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kuniko Kay Nitta

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe how 12 elementary school Japanese English language learners (ELLs) develop communicative competence through a sociocultural communicative approach. Communicative competence in this study is defined as the ability to manipulate effectively the social rules of language use in actual situations. The participants in this study were Japanese students who engaged in the

  3. A Competency-Based Program of Development of Community Relations in Educational Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Linda J.; Jacobson, Michael H.

    A competency-based educational administration program that focuses on the development of administrator/community relations is described in this paper, which is based on the premise that a cooperative relationship is necessary for effective school administration. The course is described in terms of objectives, competencies, methodology, structure,…

  4. Navigating Difference: Development and Implementation of a Successful Cultural Competency Training for Extension and Outreach Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deen, Mary Y.; Parker, Louise A.; Hill, Laura Griner; Huskey, Melynda; Whitehall, Anna P.

    2014-01-01

    As our world becomes more interconnected on international, domestic, and personal levels, our need to be more culturally competent increases (Samovar, Porter, & McDaniel, 2007; Ting-Toomey, 1999). Recognizing this need, Washington State University Extension sought to increase skills of its personnel by developing a set of cultural competencies

  5. Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2009-01-01

    Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

  6. Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohli, Hermeet K.; Huber, Ruth; Faul, Anna C.

    2010-01-01

    This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of…

  7. The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

  8. Developing Teachers' Subject Didactic Competence through Problem Posing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ticha, Marie; Hospesova, Alena

    2013-01-01

    Problem posing (not only in lesson planning but also directly in teaching whenever needed) is one of the attributes of a teacher's subject didactic competence. In this paper, problem posing in teacher education is understood as an educational and a diagnostic tool. The results of the study were gained in pre-service primary school teacher…

  9. The Development of Technological Competence from Adolescence to Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Autio, Ossi

    2011-01-01

    This article builds on earlier research that defined and assessed technological competence among adolescents. It tracks students who took part in a measurements of technical abilities study fifteen years ago. The researcher had no previous knowledge of the test subjects' current employment status, but in favorable circumstances, these test…

  10. Development of Competence in Dynamic Learning Environments. No. 79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bierschenk, Inger

    Perspective Text Analysis is a way to measure competence by measuring the strategy of synthesizing, which intelligence tests or questionnaires cannot measure. This paper proposes the use of Perspective Text Analysis in the study of instructional materials. Perspective Text Analysis has been applied in various learning environments, and the results…

  11. A Competency-Based Model for Developing Human Resource Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEvoy, Glenn M.; Hayton, James C.; Warnick, Alan P.; Mumford, Troy V.; Hanks, Steven H.; Blahna, Mary Jo

    2005-01-01

    This article describes a framework for the design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for graduate management education. The article also outlines how this model has been implemented at one university in the context of a graduate degree in human resource management. Among the significant challenges discussed are the identification…

  12. Professional Development for Occupational Specialist: Occupational Competency Testing. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.

    The organization, scope, and activities of the Indiana Occupational Competency Testing Center were expanded to accommodate the requirements of the new Occupational Specialist Certificate for secondary vocational teacher credentialling. A pilot project involved three regional sites in the state. The director of the host area site acted as area…

  13. Competency-Based Training: A Staff Development Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowrie, Tom; Hill, Doug; Smith, Erica

    The impact of competency-based training (CBT)on the role and responsibilities of instructors across Australia's vocational education and training (VET) sector was examined. The study focused on the following: quality and nature of CBT instruction throughout Australia; ways VET instructors have adapted their practice to accommodate CBT; and staff…

  14. Developing Social Competence in the Inclusive Primary Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCay, Lauren O.; Keyes, Denis W.

    2002-01-01

    Helps elementary educators understand and promote social interactions and social competence in inclusive settings, specifically those that include students with learning disabilities and mild to moderate levels of mental retardation. Focuses on social outcomes of inclusion, teacher's attitudes, theoretical perspectives, and areas of social…

  15. Use of Simulation Activities in Developing Counselor Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westwood, Marvin

    1994-01-01

    Reviews the rationale for the use of simulation and game exercises as part of counselor education programs. Counselor competencies in the areas of knowledge, skills, and self-awareness are discussed; and the use of experience-based learning activities is explained, including the debriefing stage. (Contains three references.) (LRW)

  16. Texas A & I University Child Development Associate Training Materials: Book B. Competency B: Advancing Physical and Intellectual Competence in Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas A and I Univ., Kingsville.

    This volume, the third in a series of seven, contains the eight learning modules which focus on the second Child Development Associate (CDA) competency, advancing physical and intellectual competence in young children, in the performance-based curriculum of the Texas A & I Bilingual Bicultural Child Development Associate Training Program. The…

  17. Cognitive Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Rachel C. F.; Hui, Eadaoin K. P.

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on discussing critical thinking and creative thinking as the core cognitive competence. It reviews and compares several theories of thinking, highlights the features of critical thinking and creative thinking, and delineates their interrelationships. It discusses cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct by linking its relationships with adolescent development and its contributions to adolescents' learning and wellbeing. Critical thinking and creative thinking are translated into self-regulated cognitive skills for adolescents to master and capitalize on, so as to facilitate knowledge construction, task completion, problem solving, and decision making. Ways of fostering these thinking skills, cognitive competence, and ultimately positive youth development are discussed. PMID:22654575

  18. Moral competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.

    PubMed

    Ma, Hing Keung

    2012-01-01

    Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long. PMID:22629153

  19. Early Experience and the Development of Cognitive Competence: Some Theoretical and Methodological Issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stein Erik Ulvund

    1982-01-01

    Ulvund, S.E. 1982. Early Experience and the Development of Cognitive Competence: Some Theoretical and Methodological Issues. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 26, 45?75. A theoretical analysis focussing on the relationship between early experience and the development of cognitive competence is given. It is argued that the interactionistic position known as a transactional model of development (Sameroff 1975a) is especially applicable

  20. Skills and Competencies for Digital Information Management in Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shibanda, George Gundu

    Given the global computerization environment, this paper aspires for the kind of information manager in Africa that is versatile globally, deals with all sorts of technical and resource management issues, and relates at all levels of interaction. The emphasis is on the information professional and manager with a vision of good leadership and…

  1. Research on Resource-Based Management Information System Competencies and Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qing Chen; Huiping Cheng

    2008-01-01

    Management information system (MIS) is charged with improving the performance of organizations and people through the use of information technology. This paper focuses on resource-based management information system competencies and strategies. First, from a resource-based perspective, MIS resources that are inimitable and valuable can be rent-yielding. MIS resources can be divided into three broad categories - human, technological, and relationship

  2. Outsourcing Competence

    E-print Network

    Bergstra, J A; van Vlijmen, S F M

    2011-01-01

    The topic of this paper, competences needed for outsourcing, is organized by first providing a generic competence scheme, which is subsequently instantiated to the area of sourcing and outsourcing. Sourcing and outsourcing are positioned as different areas of activity, neither one of which is subsumed under the other one. It is argued that competences relevant for outsourcing are mainly community based rather than evidence based. Subjective ability and objective ability are distinguished as categories, together making up ability, which are distinct but not necessarily disjoint from competence. Conjectural ability is introduced as a form of subjective ability. A person's competence profile includes competences as well as abilities, including subjective ones. Competence assessment and acquisition as well as the impact of assessed competence on practical work is described. The analysis of competence and ability thus developed is used as standpoint from which to extract a specification of an audience for a theory...

  3. Evidence-based health information and risk competence

    PubMed Central

    Mühlhauser, Ingrid; Albrecht, Martina; Steckelberg, Anke

    2015-01-01

    Consumers and patients want to be included in decisions regarding their own health and have an ethically justified claim on informed decisions. Therefore, sound information is required, but health information is often misleading and based on different interests. The risks of disease and the benefits of medical interventions tend to be overestimated, whereas harm is often underestimated. Evidence-based health information has to fulfil certain criteria, for instance, it should be evidence-based, independent, complete, true as well as understandable. The aim of a medical intervention has to be explained. The different therapeutic options including the option not to intervene have to be delineated. The probabilities for success, lack of success and unwanted side effects have to be communicated in a numerical and understandable manner. Patients have the right to reject medical interventions without any sanctions. PMID:26195924

  4. Competing for Attention in Social Media under Information Overload Conditions.

    PubMed

    Feng, Ling; Hu, Yanqing; Li, Baowen; Stanley, H Eugene; Havlin, Shlomo; Braunstein, Lidia A

    2015-01-01

    Modern social media are becoming overloaded with information because of the rapidly-expanding number of information feeds. We analyze the user-generated content in Sina Weibo, and find evidence that the spread of popular messages often follow a mechanism that differs from the spread of disease, in contrast to common belief. In this mechanism, an individual with more friends needs more repeated exposures to spread further the information. Moreover, our data suggest that for certain messages the chance of an individual to share the message is proportional to the fraction of its neighbours who shared it with him/her, which is a result of competition for attention. We model this process using a fractional susceptible infected recovered (FSIR) model, where the infection probability of a node is proportional to its fraction of infected neighbors. Our findings have dramatic implications for information contagion. For example, using the FSIR model we find that real-world social networks have a finite epidemic threshold in contrast to the zero threshold in disease epidemic models. This means that when individuals are overloaded with excess information feeds, the information either reaches out the population if it is above the critical epidemic threshold, or it would never be well received. PMID:26161956

  5. Competing for Attention in Social Media under Information Overload Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Feng, Ling; Hu, Yanqing; Li, Baowen; Stanley, H. Eugene; Havlin, Shlomo; Braunstein, Lidia A.

    2015-01-01

    Modern social media are becoming overloaded with information because of the rapidly-expanding number of information feeds. We analyze the user-generated content in Sina Weibo, and find evidence that the spread of popular messages often follow a mechanism that differs from the spread of disease, in contrast to common belief. In this mechanism, an individual with more friends needs more repeated exposures to spread further the information. Moreover, our data suggest that for certain messages the chance of an individual to share the message is proportional to the fraction of its neighbours who shared it with him/her, which is a result of competition for attention. We model this process using a fractional susceptible infected recovered (FSIR) model, where the infection probability of a node is proportional to its fraction of infected neighbors. Our findings have dramatic implications for information contagion. For example, using the FSIR model we find that real-world social networks have a finite epidemic threshold in contrast to the zero threshold in disease epidemic models. This means that when individuals are overloaded with excess information feeds, the information either reaches out the population if it is above the critical epidemic threshold, or it would never be well received. PMID:26161956

  6. Unravelling the genetic basis for competence development of auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A strains.

    PubMed

    Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Grabke, Anja; Neuber, Stefania; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

    2014-10-01

    Bacterial natural genetic competence - well studied in Bacillus subtilis - enables cells to take up and integrate extracellularly supplied DNA into their own genome. However, little is known about competence development and its regulation in other members of the genus, although DNA uptake machineries are routinely encoded. Auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A derivatives, obtained from repeated rounds of random mutagenesis, were long known to develop natural competence. Inspection of the colony morphology and extracellular enzyme secretion of two of these derivatives, M28 and M18, suggested that regulator genes are collaterally hit. M28 emerged as a 14 bp deletion mutant concomitantly displaying a shift in the reading frame of degS that encodes the sensor histidine kinase, which is part of the molecular switch that directs cells to genetic competence, the synthesis of extracellular enzymes or biofilm formation, while for M18, sequencing of the suspected gene revealed a 375 bp deletion in abrB, encoding the major transition state regulator. With respect to colony morphology, enzyme secretion and competence development, both of the mutations, when newly generated on the wild-type B. licheniformis 9945A genetic background, resulted in phenotypes resembling M28 and M18, respectively. All of the known naturally competent B. licheniformis representatives, hitherto thoroughly investigated in this regard, carry mutations in regulator genes, and hence genetic competence observed in domesticated strains supposedly results from deregulation. PMID:25009236

  7. An Evaluative Case Study on Professional Competency of Preservice Information Technology Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kabakci Yurdakul, Isil

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate preservice Information Technology (IT) teachers' professional competency in the teaching process. The study was designed on the basis of evaluative case study. The participants of the study consisted of seven preservice IT teachers attending the department of Computer Education and Instructional…

  8. National Directory of Selected Competency-Based Adult Vocational Education Programs. Information Series No. 127.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Earl, Comp.; And Others

    Intended for use by those attempting to initiate or improve competency-based instruction in adult vocational education programs, this directory contains demographic and descriptive information on sixty selected courses and programs operating in public education, other government agencies, business, industry, and labor. Introductory material…

  9. The Importance of Cultural Competence to Informal Learning Attractions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Randy

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the importance of matching informal learning projects to the cultural contexts of participants. One way to analyze and understand a culture is to examine how it distinguishes itself from others in terms of relationships with people, time, and nature. Presents relevant factors to consider within each of these dimensions. Introduces "Prime…

  10. The Launching Pad: Delivering Information Competence through the Web.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clay, Sariya Talip; Harlan, Sallie; Swanson, Judy

    Traditionally, librarians have used printed workbooks to teach students basic information skills. With the emergence of the World Wide Web, opportunities are available to transform these static and linear tools into dynamic, interactive instructional resources. This paper describes the efforts of librarians at California Polytechnic State…

  11. Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Hing Keung

    2012-01-01

    Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development. PMID:22645434

  12. Behavioral competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.

    PubMed

    Ma, Hing Keung

    2012-01-01

    Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development. PMID:22645434

  13. The Development of Primary Teachers Competencies as a Basis to Introduce the Study Programmes of Undergraduate Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devjak, Tatjana; Pavlin, Samo; Polak, Alenka

    2009-01-01

    In this article the authors establish the key competencies that should be acquired by future teachers in the course of their undergraduate studies. They also develop a model of the factors for which they presume most significantly contribute to the development of the selected competencies. For the selection of competencies and predictors of their…

  14. Development and Validation of the Wesleyan Intercultural Competence Scale (WICS): A Tool for Measuring the Impact of Study Abroad Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stemler, Steven E.; Imada, Toshie; Sorkin, Carolyn

    2014-01-01

    As globalization becomes commonplace and the world becomes increasingly interconnected, institutions of higher education have begun to prioritize the development of intercultural competence in their students. In order to measures intercultural competence, the authors developed the "Wesleyan Intercultural Competence Scale" (WICS). The…

  15. Developing political competence: a comparative study across disciplines.

    PubMed

    Rains, J W; Barton-Kriese, P

    2001-01-01

    Political activism is one way that nurses care for individuals and communities, and intervene in the broad range of socioeconomic factors influencing health. Though policy advocacy is a core public health function and a valuable nursing activity, the process of acquiring requisite skills and attitudes for political involvement is not often explored. What crucial experiences enfranchise nursing students toward future policy involvement? What is the student journey toward political competence? Do nursing students vary from students of other disciplines in this process? In-depth interviews were conducted with baccalaureate nursing students and political science students who were near graduation. Content analysis of interview transcripts revealed several themes. Despite rich examples of activism, nursing students viewed public policy as a barrier, and did not see connections between the personal, professional, and political. Nursing seemed grounded in application and service, demonstrating by involvement that they could "walk the walk." Political science involvement originated in theory, and resulted in more articulate discourse on the subject: they could "talk the talk." The data suggest a need for interdisciplinary dialogue, faculty modelling of political competence, opportunities for students to realize personal, professional, and political connections, and a concern of socialization in the context of global citizenship. PMID:11468061

  16. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.9: Archivist/Museum Professional Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an archive or museum. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals in archives or museums perform: acquisitions; cataloging/indexing; reference; exhibit management; and…

  17. Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochran, Graham Ralph

    2009-01-01

    The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

  18. Developing consensus around the pharmaceutical public health competencies for community pharmacists in Scotland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David E. Pfleger; Lorna W. McHattie; H. Lesley Diack; Dorothy J. McCaig; Derek C. Stewart

    2008-01-01

    Objective The new community pharmacy contract in Scotland will formalise the role of pharmacists in delivering public health services.\\u000a To facilitate assessment of education and training needs it is necessary to define the relevant public health competencies\\u000a for community pharmacists. The objective of this research was to define and develop consensus around such competencies. Methods The “Skills for Health National

  19. Developing public health competencies through building a problem-based learning project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isabel Loureiro; Nigel Sherriff; John Kenneth Davies

    2009-01-01

    Aim  In order to tackle the major challenges faced by public health over recent decades, there is a pressing need for an appropriately\\u000a competent work force. Therefore, investment is required in the development of the necessary pedagogical strategies to deliver\\u000a such competencies and thereby enable public health professionals to effectively perform their core functions. Drawing primarily\\u000a upon on the work and

  20. Multilevel Control of Competence Development and Stress Tolerance in Streptococcus mutans UA159

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sang-Joon Ahn; Zezhang T. Wen; Robert A. Burne

    2006-01-01

    Genetic competence appears to be important in establishment of biofilms and tolerance of environmental insults. We report here that the development of competence is controlled at multiple levels in a complex network that includes two signal-transducing two-component systems (TCS). Using Streptococcus mutans strain UA159, we demonstrate that the histidine kinase CiaH, but not the response regulator CiaR, causes a dramatic

  1. Developing a Professional Competence Model for Management Education. Final Report, Research Report Number Ten.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mentkowski, Marcia; And Others

    Abilities or competences that ensure effective managerial performance were studied, and a model of effective managerial performance was developed. Performance, perceptions, and careering and professional development of 103 women managers and executives from 53 Milwaukee private corporations were described using a recently developed performance…

  2. A Framework for Professional Development Focused on Social and Emotional Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quesenberry, Amanda; Doubet, Sharon

    2006-01-01

    This article presents a framework for planning professional development opportunities to increase teachers' confidence and competence in supporting young children's social-emotional development and addressing challenging behaviors. The framework makes use of a comprehensive collection of training materials developed by the Center on the Social and…

  3. "The Arm of the Chair Is Where You Use For To Write": Developing Strategic Competence in a Second Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarone, Elaine

    The distinction between grammatical, sociolinguistic, and strategic competence as components of communicative competence is useful for helping students develop spoken language skills in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction. When individual speakers demonstrate strategic competence, they will use a range of expressions based on: (1) the…

  4. Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renshaw, Rebecca L.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

  5. Thank you for joining: Developing Your Networking Competency

    E-print Network

    Vertes, Akos

    , MIT Media Lab) © Copyright 2011 Contacts Count 13 #12;ONE SOURCE SOLUTIONS. CONSULTING, COACHING the critical role of networking in the marketplace 1 Be able to: · Make informed choices about how to focus

  6. Developing Competent Contractors Using Project Learning Approach - The Case of Malaysia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hamzah Abdul-Rahman; Imran Ariff Yahya

    2007-01-01

    The vast amount of information and knowledge produced by construction projects are often lost due to the inherent nature of the industry namely one-shot, fragmentation, time-bound and complex. Knowledge loss reduces the contractors' level of competency in terms of sustainability and competitive advantages. Issues of less prioritized learning have created further crisis within the construction industry. This study addresses the

  7. Requisite Competencies and Skills for E-Merchandisers: Developing an Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crutsinger, Christy; Forney, Judith C.; Brandon, Lynn; Jackson, Renee S.

    2006-01-01

    New career opportunities exist for family and consumer sciences (FCS)professionals as traditional formats for shopping service, and information transition to a virtual environment. The requisite competencies and skills necessary for effective online operations are identified. Interactions with industry personnel and supporting literature revealed…

  8. Developing Emotionally Competent Teachers: Emotional Intelligence and Pre-Service Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corcoran, Roisin P.; Tormey, Roland

    2012-01-01

    Classrooms are emotional places, filled at different times with enjoyment, excitement, anger, hurt and boredom. The teacher's skill in working with emotional information and in regulating their own and their pupils' emotion impacts upon what and how pupils learn. But what emotional competence do teachers need? Can they learn this in pre-service…

  9. Musculoskeletal health disparities: health literacy, cultural competency, informed consent, and shared decision making.

    PubMed

    McClellan, Frank M; Wood, James E; Fahmy, Sherin M; Jones, Lynne C

    2014-01-01

    The factors that contribute to musculoskeletal healthcare disparities may influence the results of studies regarding the long-term outcome of orthopaedic implants. Patient decisions regarding their healthcare and their subsequent outcomes are influenced by health literacy. Providing patients with the information that they need to consent to treatment must be provided in a culturally competent manner. The influence of the physician or healthcare provider on the treatment choice varies depending on the type of decision-making process: patient-based, physician-based, or shared decision making. Respecting the patient's autonomy while acknowledging the knowledge and experience of the physician, we advocate for shared decision making. This may require modification of existing regulations regarding informed consent. Furthermore, federal and state directives have been put into place to address healthcare disparities, especially with respect to culturally competent care and access to proper healthcare. PMID:25272218

  10. Self-Development of Competences for Social Inclusion Using the TENCompetence Infrastructure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louys, Amelie; Hernandez-Leo, Davinia; Schoonenboom, Judith; Lemmers, Ruud; Perez-Sanagustin, Mar

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a pilot study centred on the technology-enhanced self-development of competences in lifelong learning education carried out in the challenging context of the Association of Participants Agora. The pilot study shows that the use of the TENCompetence infrastructure, i.e. in this case the Personal Development Planner tool,…

  11. GDF11 Controls the Timing of Progenitor Cell Competence in Developing Retina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joon Kim; Hsiao-Huei Wu; Arthur D. Lander; Karen M. Lyons; Martin M. Matzuk; Anne L. Calof

    2005-01-01

    The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation

  12. Design of the Accounting Course Focusing on the Development of Competences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciudad-Gomez, Adelaida

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work is to develop a proposal for a methodology in the university environment that enables us to design our course with an approach based on the development and acquisition of competences within the framework of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), allowing a transition from a model focused on teaching to a model focused on…

  13. Considering Transversal Competences, Personality and Reputation in the Context of the Teachers' Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cepic, Renata; Vorkapic, Sanja Tatalovic; Loncaric, Darko; Andic, Dunja; Mihic, Sanja Skocic

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to provide guidelines for reflection and improvement of transversal competences of teachers in the field of self-regulation, education for sustainable development and inclusion in the context of their continuing professional development. Also, the moderatory effect of personality based on literature analysis and insight…

  14. Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

    2011-01-01

    The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

  15. A Globetrotting Pilgrimage: An Exploration of Spiritual Growth and the Development of Intercultural Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eifert, Angela Lynn

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between spiritual growth and the development of intercultural competence through the experiences of followers of Christ working in least developed countries. To address this purpose, a qualitative study using narrative inquiry and in-depth semi structured interviews were employed to…

  16. Use of Racial Identity Development Theory to Explore Cultural Competence among Early Childhood Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Han, Heejeong Sophia; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Thomas, M. Shelley

    2011-01-01

    In order to explore early childhood educators' cultural competence through a lens of racial identity development theory, a case study was conducted with four White Kindergarten teachers. Participants were surveyed and interviewed to understand their racial identity development as well as perspectives of teaching culturally diverse early childhood…

  17. Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

    2008-01-01

    Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

  18. Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross-Harrington, Melinda

    The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

  19. Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

    2011-01-01

    Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

  20. Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

  1. An Opinion on Communication Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backlund, Phil

    Since the concept of "communication competence" is a relatively recent development in the field of speech communication, there is as yet no universal agreement as to its definition and constitution. However, it seems that the purpose of the study of communication competence is to inform classroom instruction. The efforts to define and understand…

  2. Competencies for psychology practice in primary care.

    PubMed

    McDaniel, Susan H; Grus, Catherine L; Cubic, Barbara A; Hunter, Christopher L; Kearney, Lisa K; Schuman, Catherine C; Karel, Michele J; Kessler, Rodger S; Larkin, Kevin T; McCutcheon, Stephen; Miller, Benjamin F; Nash, Justin; Qualls, Sara H; Connolly, Kathryn Sanders; Stancin, Terry; Stanton, Annette L; Sturm, Lynne A; Johnson, Suzanne Bennett

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on the outcome of a presidential initiative of 2012 American Psychological Association President Suzanne Bennett Johnson to delineate competencies for primary care (PC) psychology in six broad domains: science, systems, professionalism, relationships, application, and education. Essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes are described for each PC psychology competency. Two behavioral examples are provided to illustrate each competency. Clinical vignettes demonstrate the competencies in action. Delineation of these competencies is intended to inform education, practice, and research in PC psychology and efforts to further develop team-based competencies in PC. PMID:24820690

  3. Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kretschmann, Rolf

    2010-01-01

    The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

  4. Hip Hop Culture: Development of a Cultural Competence Workshop Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akridge, Evangeline M.

    2013-01-01

    The minority population of the United States which includes African Americans is expected to be the majority by 2040, surpassing the number of Caucasians. This information is pertinent to educators because it is a reflection of anticipated changes in the ethnic composition of student bodies. Although African Americans have been identified as the…

  5. Social Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Hing Keung

    2012-01-01

    Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the “Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject” in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

  6. GDF11 controls the timing of progenitor cell competence in developing retina.

    PubMed

    Kim, Joon; Wu, Hsiao-Huei; Lander, Arthur D; Lyons, Karen M; Matzuk, Martin M; Calof, Anne L

    2005-06-24

    The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation of progenitors-a major mode of GDF11 action in other tissues-but instead controls duration of expression of Math5, a gene that confers competence for RGC genesis, in progenitor cells. Thus, GDF11 governs the temporal windows during which multipotent progenitors retain competence to produce distinct neural progeny. PMID:15976303

  7. Pilot training program for developing disaster nursing competencies among undergraduate students in China.

    PubMed

    Pang, Samantha M C; Chan, Sunshine S S; Cheng, Yichuan

    2009-12-01

    As nurses constitute the largest group of health-care providers, their readiness to respond to disasters and to participate in preparedness and disaster recovery activities will be significant for making a community more resilient against disaster. Concern is raised regarding how to build the capacity of all nurses with a knowledge base and a minimum set of skills in responding to various disasters. Drawing on the ICN Framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies and Global Standards for the Initial Education of Professional Nurses and Midwives, a training program entitled "Introduction to Disaster Nursing" was developed. Four teaching methods including action learning, problem-based learning, skill training, and lecture were used to orchestrate a series of planned activities for helping students develop the required disaster nursing competencies in a 2-week intensive training program held in Sichuan China in July 2009. The pre- and post-tests which were given to assess the students' perceived level of competencies demonstrated a significant gain in relevant knowledge and skills constituting the required competencies upon completion of the program. In the program evaluation, most students indicated their willingness and capability in disaster relief work under supervision, and they were keen to advance their competencies in the field of disaster nursing. PMID:19909443

  8. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Important to Manual Therapy Competency Development: A Delphi Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Sizer, Phillip; Sawyer, Steven; Felstehausen, Virginia; Couch, Sue; Dornier, Lanie; Cook, Chad

    2008-01-01

    A learner's development of orthopaedic manual physical therapy (OMPT) psychomotor skills may be influenced by selected intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The purposes of this study were to identify the factors that influence learners' development of manual physical therapy competencies and to define each factor as intrinsic or extrinsic. A 3-round Delphi method survey and a retrospective review of the data were used to develop composite scores and rankings. Eighty manual physical therapy educators participated in the 3 rounds. Thirty-six factor descriptor statements associated with manual physical therapy competency were established and further categorized as intrinsic (19 total), extrinsic (10 total), or conceptual outliers (7 total). Cognitive Processing ranked as the most important factor influencing manual physical therapy competency development. Adaptation ranked second, followed by Science Knowledge. This study is the first to establish manual physical therapy educational factors associated with attainment of competency. The majority of the factors distill into the theory of extrinsic and intrinsic factors identified by Schmidt and Lee. The outcomes of this study identify the factors to which OMPT educators should give particular attention when developing and executing the learning experiences for their learners. PMID:19119378

  9. Asperger Syndrome and the Development of Social Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutstein, Steven E.; Whitney, Tyler

    2002-01-01

    This article reviews critical components of experience sharing, relates them to the specific social deficits found in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome, then proposes factors in developing a relationship intervention program that would incorporate these essential components. The use of evenly matched peer partners for experience…

  10. The Development of Communicative Competence in Adolescents with Cochlear Implants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Hui Lee; Toe, Dianne

    1998-01-01

    This study investigated the communicative behavior of four adolescents who had been implanted with the Nucleus 22-Channel cochlear implant as adolescents. In videotaped conversations, participants showed development in the proportion of questions resolved, domination of talk time, responses to queries by the conversation partner, and strategies…

  11. From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

    The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

  12. Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

    2005-01-01

    This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

  13. Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology

    SciTech Connect

    Park, M.S.

    1998-12-01

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

  14. Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eddy, Pamela L.

    2013-01-01

    Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

  15. Development of integrated mental health care: critical workforce competencies.

    PubMed

    Delaney, Kathleen R; Robinson, Karen M; Chafetz, Linda

    2013-01-01

    In integrated care, a person will have his or her medical and behavioral health needs addressed within one health care system. Support for integrated models has grown with the increasing awareness of how the medical comorbidities of individuals with serious mental illness contribute to their morbidity and mortality, the prevalence of mental health problems in the general population, and the mental health issues among those with chronic medical problems. The enactment of effective integrated care will demand developing clinicians who are trained to work with mental health needs at various levels of intensity, who are capable of addressing complex comorbidities, and who operate from a person-centered approach to care. In this light we argue that given their unique skill set and clinical training, Psychiatric-Mental Health Advanced Practice Nurses could play a critical role in integrated care and present policy recommendations which support the development of the Psychiatric-Mental Health Advanced Practice Nurses role in such models. PMID:23702474

  16. Sustainable development and deep ecology: An analysis of competing traditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacob, Merle

    1994-07-01

    It has been argued that existing perspectives on the environmental crisis can be divided into two broad categories (deep and shallow). Deep ecologists have used this typology to argue that mainstream perspectives on the environment are shallow and overly preoccupied with pollution control and resource degradation. This paper argues that the deep/shallow typology is biased and misleading because it: (1) obscures the fact that shallow ecology is comprised of several internally differentiated and disparate perspectives and (2) it favors the deep ecology perspective by creating the impression that the human-centered nature of the shallow perspective is incompatible with the fundamental changes required to address the environmental crisis. In order to test these claims, we compared deep and shallow perspectives on the environmental crisis using the North American expression of deep ecology and the Brundtland version of sustainable development and steady-state economy as exemplars. From this we were able to make the following conclusions: (1) deep and shallow ecology perspectives are best visualized as part of a continuum of perspectives on the environment that emerged from a long-standing critique of Western development, (2) that the descriptions of the etiology of the environmental crisis offered by sustainable development and deep ecology are incomplete, and (3) although both traditions are presently regarded to be in direct opposition, they have much to learn from each other.

  17. Developing communication competence using an online Video Reflection system: pre-service teachers' experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matt Bower; Michael Cavanagh; Robyn Moloney; MingMing Dao

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to an online blog and made reflective comments about their communication actions. Students also

  18. "How Was Your Weekend?": Developing the Interactional Competence in Managing Routine Inquiries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waring, Hansun Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Given the cross-cultural differences underlying interactional routines such as "How are you?" or "How was your weekend?", managing such routine inquiries can be problematic for second language learners. Based on data from an adult ESL (English as a second language) class, this conversation analytic study shows how learners develop their competence

  19. Aspects of Inter-Organisational Networks for Developing Firm Competencies - Preliminary Evidence from Malaysia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aliza Akmar Omar; Avvari V. Mohan

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a preliminary study on an inter-organisational network and the development of organisational competencies among a 'flagship cluster' of organisations. The case study involves a consortium of organisations working on a Government Multi Purpose Card (GMPC) project, one of the various Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) initiatives proposed under the seven flagship applications deployed by the

  20. Supporting the Development of Emotional Intelligence Competencies to Ease the Transition from Primary to High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qualter, P.; Whiteley, H. E.; Hutchinson, J. M.; Pope, D. J.

    2007-01-01

    This study aims to explore (1) whether pupils with high emotional intelligence (EI) cope better with the transition to high school; and (2) whether the introduction of an intervention programme to support the development of EI competencies can increase EI and self-worth, and so ease the negative effects of transition. Results suggest that pupils…

  1. Development of Student Knowledge in Competence-Based Pre-Vocational Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koopman, Maaike; Teune, Peter; Beijaard, Douwe

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the development of student knowledge in pre-vocational secondary education schools which differ in the manner and extent to which they have implemented characteristics of competence-based education. The implementation of these characteristics was examined using a teacher questionnaire and the…

  2. Developing Learners' Second Language Communicative Competence through Active Learning: Clickers or Communicative Approach?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agbatogun, Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of clickers, the communicative approach and the lecture method on the communicative competence development of learners who were taught English a second language (ESL). Ninety nine pupils from three primary schools participated in the study. Quasi-experimental non-randomised pre-test posttest…

  3. Automotive Mechanic: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of automotive mechanic. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  4. Secondary-Postsecondary Curriculum Development in Automotive Mechanics. Automotive Electrical Competencies. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepner, Ronald

    Developed as part of a competency-based curriculum in automotive mechanics which is usable by students at both the secondary and postsecondary levels, this learning package focuses on automotive electrical systems. It is the first unit to be published in a series of eight which will cover the eight subject areas on the national certification…

  5. Lubrication Specialist: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of lubrication specialist. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  6. Developing Conversational Competence through Language Awareness and Multimodality: The Use of DVDs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Perez

    2009-01-01

    The argument for a pedagogy of input oriented learning for the development of speaking competence (Sharwood-Smith, 1986; Bardovi-Harlig and Salsbury, 2004; Eslami-Rasekh, 2005) has been of increasing interest in Applied Linguistics circles. It has also been argued that multimedia applications, in particular DVDs, provide language learners with…

  7. Perception of Competence in Middle School Physical Education: Instrument Development and Validation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A…

  8. Competencies for Rural Development Professionals in the Era of HIV/AIDS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinkman, Dine; Westendorp, Annemarie M. B.; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Mulder, Martin

    2007-01-01

    The impact of HIV/AIDS on food security and rural livelihoods is still insufficiently understood. It is evident, however, that rural development professionals need to respond to the changes that have taken place in rural areas due to the pandemic. This article explores competencies that they need in order to deal with the complex HIV/AIDS issues…

  9. Barriers and Effective Educational Strategies to Develop Extension Agents' Professional Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lakai, Dona; Jayaratne, K. S. U.; Moore, Gary E.; Kistler, Mark J.

    2012-01-01

    The study reported here determined the barriers and effective educational strategies to develop Extension agents' professional competencies. This was a descriptive survey research conducted with a random sample of Extension agents. Increased workload and lack of time and funding were identified as the most constraining barriers of Extension…

  10. Opinions of Primary School Science and Technology Teachers about Developing Students' Affective Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eristi, Bahadir; Tunca, Nihal

    2012-01-01

    The present study aimed to determine the primary school secondary level science and technology teachers' opinions about developing students' affective competence. It was designed as a case study with qualitative research method. The participants of the study consisted of 19 science and technology teachers with at least five years of experience,…

  11. The Future of Blended Learning and the Emerging Competencies of Human Resource Development Professionals in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teng, Ya-Ting; Bonk, Curtis J.; Kim, Kyong-Jee

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the future direction of blended learning in workplace in Taiwan and to probe into emerging competencies of human resource development (HRD) professionals. One hundred and twelve participants who worked in various types of organizations, including government, business, and non-profit organizations were…

  12. Developing Intercultural Competence and Global Citizenship through International Experiences: Academics' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trede, Franziska; Bowles, Wendy; Bridges, Donna

    2013-01-01

    International education is a key priority for Australian universities, government and employer groups. For students, an international professional experience is uniquely placed in providing opportunities for developing intercultural learning, intercultural competence and global citizenship. Employers see graduates with international experiences as…

  13. A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

    2009-01-01

    The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

  14. Competing Roles of Interfacial Tension and Surfactant Equivalent Weight in the Development of a Chemical Flood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. L. Enedy; C. D. Stahl

    1982-01-01

    This investigation focused on developing an efficient chemical flooding process by use of dilute surfactant\\/polymer slugs. The competing roles of interfacial tension (IFT) and equivalent weight (EW) of the surfactant used, as well as the effect of different types of preflushes on tertiary oil recovery, were studied. Volume of residual oil recovered per gram of surfactant used was examined as

  15. Principal's Desirability for Professional Development in Competencies Related to Leading Special Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pontius, Nicholas Frantz

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of public school principals within the Commonwealth of Virginia as to their desirability for professional development in leading special education programs within their schools. Given a list of 18 competencies related to leading special education principals rated their desirability for…

  16. Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

  17. Competency Base for Curriculum Development in Preschool Education: Volume 1; Central Document.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Troutt, George , Jr.

    Presented in the first of 4 related documents on the Home-Oriented Preschool Education (HOPE) Program is an overview of the procedures for developing a competency based curriculum for normal preschool Appalachian children up to 6-years-old. Discussed are the investigation's procedural components: rationale; philosophical framework (including…

  18. The Development of Core Competencies for the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Thorana S.; Chenail, Ronald J.; Alexander, James F.; Crane, D. Russell; Johnson, Susan M.; Schwallie, Linda

    2007-01-01

    In response to a series of national policy reports regarding what has been termed the "quality chasm" in health and mental health care in the United States, in January 2003, the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy convened a task force to develop core competencies (CC) for the practice of marriage and family therapy (MFT). The…

  19. How Can Teachers' Entrepreneurial Competences Be Developed? A Collaborative Learning Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peltonen, Katariina

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of collaborative learning in the development of teachers' entrepreneurial competences in the school context at primary, secondary and vocational levels of education. Design/methodology/approach: The research is based on an interpretative and collaborative learning approach to teachers'…

  20. Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramson, Amy J.

    2014-01-01

    College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

  1. The Development of Emotional Competence. The Guilford Series on Social and Emotional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saarni, Carolyn

    The concept of emotional competence entails resilience, self-efficacy, and acting in accord with one's sense of moral character. This suggests argues that emotional competence is demonstrated by the self-efficacy in emotion-eliciting encounters and identifies eight key emotional skills that support its acquisition in interpersonal contexts. The…

  2. The ParB-parS Chromosome Segregation System Modulates Competence Development in Streptococcus pneumoniae

    PubMed Central

    Attaiech, Laetitia; Minnen, Anita; Kjos, Morten; Gruber, Stephan

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT ParB proteins bind centromere-like DNA sequences called parS sites and are involved in plasmid and chromosome segregation in bacteria. We previously showed that the opportunistic human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae contains four parS sequences located close to the origin of replication which are bound by ParB. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), we found here that ParB spreads out from one of these parS sites, parS(?1.6°), for more than 5 kb and occupies the nearby comCDE operon, which drives competence development. Competence allows S. pneumoniae to take up DNA from its environment, thereby mediating horizontal gene transfer, and is also employed as a general stress response. Mutating parS(?1.6°) or deleting parB resulted in transcriptional up-regulation of comCDE and ssbB (a gene belonging to the competence regulon), demonstrating that ParB acts as a repressor of competence. However, genome-wide transcription analysis showed that ParB is not a global transcriptional regulator. Different factors, such as the composition of the growth medium and antibiotic-induced stress, can trigger the sensitive switch driving competence. This work shows that the ParB-parS chromosome segregation machinery also influences this developmental process. PMID:26126852

  3. Coordinated bacteriocin production and competence development: a possible mechanism for taking up DNA from neighbouring species

    PubMed Central

    Kreth, Jens; Merritt, Justin; Shi, Wenyuan; Qi, Fengxia

    2005-01-01

    It is important to ensure DNA availability when bacterial cells develop competence. Previous studies in Streptococcus pneumoniae demonstrated that the competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) induced autolysin production and cell lysis of its own non-competent cells, suggesting a possible active mechanism to secure a homologous DNA pool for uptake and recombination. In this study, we found that in Streptococcus mutans CSP induced coordinated expression of competence and mutacin production genes. This mutacin (mutacin IV) is a non-lantibiotic bacteriocin which kills closely related Streptococcal species such as S. gordonii. In mixed cultures of S. mutans and S. gordonii harbouring a shuttle plasmid, plasmid DNA transfer from S. gordonii to S. mutans was observed in a CSP and mutacin IV-dependent manner. Further analysis demonstrated an increased DNA release from S. gordonii upon addition of the partially purified mutacin IV extract. On the basis of these findings, we propose that Streptococcus mutans, which resides in a multispecies oral bio-film, may utilize the competence-induced bacteriocin production to acquire transforming DNA from other species living in the same ecological niche. This hypothesis is also consistent with a well-known phenomenon that a large genomic diversity exists among different S. mutans strains. This diversity may have resulted from extensive horizontal gene transfer. PMID:15978073

  4. Development of a Core Competency Model for the Master of Public Health Degree

    PubMed Central

    Calhoun, Judith G.; Ramiah, Kalpana; Weist, Elizabeth McGean; Shortell, Stephen M.

    2008-01-01

    Core competencies have been used to redefine curricula across the major health professions in recent decades. In 2006, the Association of Schools of Public Health identified core competencies for the master of public health degree in graduate schools and programs of public health. We provide an overview of the model development process and a listing of 12 core domains and 119 competencies that can serve as a resource for faculty and students for enhancing the quality and accountability of graduate public health education and training. The primary vision for the initiative is the graduation of professionals who are more fully prepared for the many challenges and opportunities in public health in the forthcoming decade. PMID:18633093

  5. Professional Development Needs in Vocational Education and Training in Relation to Developing Language, Literacy and Numeracy Competence. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon Library Foundation, Salem.

    A national research project was conducted in Australia on the professional development needs of curriculum writers, industry trainers, and vocational teachers in relation to the development of language, literacy, and numeracy competence in vocational education and training. Data were collected through the following methods: a review of literature;…

  6. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.5: Database Producer Professional Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a database producer organization. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which these librarians perform: acquisitions; thesaurus development and control; indexing/abstracting; and publications and product management.…

  7. What Should We Include in a Cultural Competence Curriculum? An Emerging Formative Evaluation Process to Foster Curriculum Development

    PubMed Central

    Crenshaw, Katie; Shewchuk, Richard M.; Qu, Haiyan; Staton, Lisa J.; Bigby, Judy Ann; Houston, Thomas K.; Allison, Jeroan; Estrada, Carlos A.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To identify, prioritize, and organize components of a cultural competence curriculum to address disparities in cardiovascular disease. Method In 2006, four separate nominal group technique sessions were conducted with medical students, residents, community physicians, and academic physicians to generate and prioritize a list of concepts (i.e., ideas) to include in a curriculum. Afterward, 45 educators and researchers organized and prioritized the concepts using a card-sorting exercise. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) and hierarchical cluster analysis produced homogeneous groupings of related concepts and generated a cognitive map. The main outcome measures were the number of cultural competence concepts, their relative ranks, and the cognitive map. Results Thirty participants generated 61 concepts, 29 were identified by at least 2 participants. The cognitive map organized concepts into four clusters, interpreted as: (1) patient’s cultural background (e.g.,, information on cultures, habits, values); (2) provider and health care (e.g., clinical skills, awareness of one’s bias, patient-centeredness, and professionalism), communication skills (e.g., history, stereotype avoidance, and health disparities epidemiology); (3) cross-culture (e.g., idiomatic expressions, examples of effective communication); and (4) resources to manage cultural diversity (e.g., translator guides, instructions and community resources). The MDS two-dimensional solution demonstrated a good fit (stress=0.07; R2=0.97). Conclusions A novel, combined approach allowed stakeholders’ inputs to identify and cognitively organize critical domains used to guide development of a cultural competence curriculum. Educators may use this approach to develop and organize educational content for their target audiences, especially in ill-defined areas like cultural competence. PMID:21248602

  8. Communication in the development of culturally competent palliative care services in the UK: a case study.

    PubMed

    Randhawa, Gurch; Owens, Alastair; Fitches, Rah; Khan, Zafar

    2003-01-01

    Research suggests that many minority ethnic patients who receive palliative care in the UK are satisfied with the service they are given. However, various studies have revealed that minority ethnic groups' experiences of care are far from perfect. The most significant problem for these patients centres on communication. This article presents some results from an exploratory study, commissioned by Luton Health Action Zone, to explore the role of communication in delivering effective palliative care services to South Asians living in Luton. Overall, it was found that the services provided are, in most cases, valued and seen as being effective. However, as the service providers who were interviewed readily recognized, there were areas where improvements could be made. The main issues were found to be the need to inform South Asian populations of the availability of palliative care services and the need to improve communication between patients and service providers. This article describes the communication problems that service providers and users face. It also identifies possible policy improvements aimed at developing the 'cultural competency' of services. PMID:12560794

  9. Social Competency Development in Multicultural Children, Aged 6-13. Final Report of Exploratory Research on Hispanic-Background Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seelye, H. Ned; Wasilewski, Jacqueline Howell

    This report examines the results of an exploratory research study of the social competency development among multicultural students who attended an after school program administered by the Spanish Education Development Center in Washington, D.C. Three main questions were probed: (1) What social competencies are needed by multicultural children to…

  10. Use of competency-based self-assessments and the MCH navigator for MCH workforce development: three states' experiences.

    PubMed

    Warren, Michael D; Dooley, Suzanna D; Pyle, Meredith J; Miller, Angela M

    2015-02-01

    Workforce development is a priority across many state Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Title V programs. Three case studies were conducted to explore varied state implementations of MCH workforce development initiatives. Three states utilized the online MCH Navigator resource to support orientation and ongoing professional development for staff and other partners. Key informant interviews and surveys were utilized to gather staff feedback on practical aspects of the project and to ascertain lessons learned by state MCH leadership during project implementation. Staff impressions of the MCH Navigator were generally positive. Staff reported that Navigator modules were useful to their current work and that completion of the modules resulted in expanded knowledge in key MCH competency areas and contributed to their professional development. Many indicated that they would recommend use of the Navigator to colleagues. State leaders found that utilization of introductory training sessions or the Navigator's online orientation modules were helpful in acclimating staff to the Navigator, although some staff still experienced minor technical challenges. State leaders across all three sites reported the value of pre-existing tools on the Navigator site, including core competency self-assessments and orientation bundles; the leaders also noted that the Navigator represents a useful and thorough resource that can be integrated into state efforts to enhance professional development for MCH staff. The significant variation between the three states' implementations demonstrates the flexibility of the Navigator, highlighting its utility to meet state-specific needs. PMID:25008405

  11. Information system security curricula development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ed Crowley

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we survey current literature concerning Information Systems Security Training and Education. This paper also describes current Information System Security Training and Education dynamics. Finally, this paper presents a graduate level information system security specialization that was developed using this information.

  12. Predicting Organization Development Consulting Competence from the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and Stage of Ego Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gervase R. Bushe; Barrie W. Gibbs

    1990-01-01

    A 77-item Consulting Competence Survey was developed and tested for reliability and validity. During a six-month course designed to help members of a corporate quality staff develop organization development (OD) skills, 64 trainees were each assessed by two of their peers using this instrument. The trainees were also assessed by two trainers using a five-item trainer rating instrument. Two dependent

  13. Enhancing Leadership and Governance Competencies to Strengthen Health Systems in Nigeria: Assessment of Organizational Human Resources Development

    PubMed Central

    Uneke, Chigozie J.; Ezeoha, Abel E.; Ndukwe, Chinwendu D.; Oyibo, Patrick G.; Onwe, Fri Day

    2012-01-01

    The lack of effective leadership and governance in the health sector has remained a major challenge in Nigeria and contributes to the failure of health systems and poor development of human resources. In this cross-sectional intervention study, leadership and governance competencies of policy makers were enhanced through a training workshop, and an assessment was conducted of organizational activities designed to promote evidence-informed leadership and governance to improve human resources for health (HRH). The training workshop increased the understanding of policy makers with regard to leadership and governance factors that ensure the functionality of health systems and improve human resources development, including policy guidance, intelligence and oversight, collaboration and coalition building, regulation, system design and accountability. Findings indicated that systems for human resources development exist in all participants' organizations, but the functionality of these systems was suboptimal. More systematic and standardized processes are required to improve competencies of leadership and governance for better human resources development in low-income settings. PMID:23372582

  14. Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. PMID:23134815

  15. A Project to Develop a Methodology to Establish Standards of Job Performance and Continuing Education Opportunities for Maintaining Competency of Occupational Therapists. AOTA Continuing Competency Project. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Madelaine S.

    The purpose of this project was to develop a methodology to establish standards of job performance and continuing education opportunities for maintaining competency of occupational therapists. The report contents include (1) Statement of the Problem (The Need for Re-Certification, Problems in the Design of the Re-Certification Program, and the…

  16. Do High-Flyer Programmes Facilitate Organizational Learning? From Individual Skills Building to Development of Organizational Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsen, Henrik Holt

    1997-01-01

    "High flyer" or "fast-track" approaches are mainly instrumental for individual career development. A management development approach that emphasizes the match between personal growth and organizational learning contributes more directly to organizational competence, learning, and change. (SK)

  17. Cultural competency, autonomy, and spiritual conflicts related to Reiki/CAM therapies: Should patients be informed?

    PubMed Central

    Arvonio, Maria Marra

    2014-01-01

    The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) such as Reiki is on the rise in healthcare centers. Reiki is associated with a spirituality that conflicts with some belief systems. Catholic healthcare facilities are restricted from offering this therapy because it conflicts with the teachings of the Catholic Church. However, hospitals are offering it without disclosing the spiritual aspects of it to patients. This article will address the ethical concerns and possible legal implications associated with the present process of offering Reiki. It will address these concerns based on the Joint Commission's Standard of Cultural Competency and the ethical principles of autonomy and informed consent. A proposal will also be introduced identifying specific information which Reiki/CAM practitioners should offer to their patients out of respect of their autonomy as well as their cultural, spiritual, and religious beliefs. PMID:24899738

  18. Developing a culturally competent health network: a planning framework and guide.

    PubMed

    Gertner, Eric J; Sabino, Judith N; Mahady, Erica; Deitrich, Lynn M; Patton, Jarret R; Grim, Mary Kay; Geiger, James F; Salas-Lopez, Debbie

    2010-01-01

    The number of cultural competency initiatives in healthcare is increasing due to many factors, including changing demographics, quality improvement and regulatory requirements, equitable care missions, and accreditation standards. To facilitate organization-wide transformation, a hospital or healthcare system must establish strategic goals, objectives, and implementation tasks for culturally competent provision of care. This article reports the largely successful results of a cultural competency program instituted at a large system in eastern Pennsylvania. Prior to the development of its cultural competency initiative, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, Pennsylvania, saw isolated activities producing innovative solutions to diversity and culture issues in the provision of equitable care. But it took a transformational event to support an organization-wide program in cultural competency by strengthening leadership buy-in and providing a sense of urgency, excitement, and shared vision among multiple stakeholders. A multidisciplinary task force, including senior leaders and a diverse group of employees, was created with the authority and responsibility to enact changes. Through a well-organized strategic planning process, existing patient and community demographic data were reviewed to describe existing disparities, a baseline assessment was completed, a mission statement was created, and clear metrics were developed. The strategic plan, which focused on five key areas (demographics, language-appropriate services, employees, training, and education/communication), was approved by the network's chief executive officer and senior managers to demonstrate commitment prior to implementation. Strategic plan implementation proceeded through a project structure consisting of subproject teams charged with achieving the following specific objectives: develop a cultural material repository, enhance employee recruitment/retention, establish a baseline assessment, standardize data collection, provide language-appropriate services, and develop an education program. Change management and project management methodologies; defined roles and responsibilities; and specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound goals were used in the implementation. This process has supported organizational change, thereby promoting high-quality, safe, and equitable care through widespread expectations of culturally competent care delivery across the entire network. Using this "ecologic approach" will ensure long-term success. PMID:20565035

  19. Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arnim WiekLauren Withycombe; Lauren Withycombe; Charles L. Redman

    2011-01-01

    The emerging academic field focused on sustainability has been engaged in a rich and converging debate to define what key\\u000a competencies are considered critical for graduating students to possess. For more than a decade, sustainability courses have\\u000a been developed and taught in higher education, yet comprehensive academic programs in sustainability, on the undergraduate\\u000a and graduate level, have emerged only over

  20. Development and Validation of a German-Language Version of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Uwe Peter Kanning

    2006-01-01

    In the current article, the development and validation of a German-language version of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ; Buhrmester, Furman, Wittenberg, & Reis, 1988) are described. The five-factor structure of the ICQ is confirmed by structure equation analysis and reliability is well documented (Cronbach's ? = .72–.84). The validation is carried out using the NEO-FFI (Costa & McCrae, 1992) as

  1. Regulation of Streptococcus pneumoniae clp Genes and Their Role in Competence Development and Stress Survival

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ARNAUD CHASTANET; MARC PRUDHOMME; JEAN-PIERRE CLAVERYS; TAREK MSADEK

    2001-01-01

    In vitro mariner transposon mutagenesis of Streptococcus pneumoniae chromosomal DNA was used to isolate regulatory mutants affecting expression of the comCDE operon, encoding the peptide quorum-sensing two- component signal transduction system controlling competence development. A transposon insertion leading to increased comC expression was found to lie directly upstream from the S. pneumoniae clpP gene, encoding the proteolytic subunit of the

  2. Stepping Stones to Success: Previously Developed Career Competencies and Their Benefits to Career Switchers Transitioning to Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayotte, Gail A.

    2003-01-01

    This case study looks at four second career teachers' recognition of previously developed career competencies and their influences on teaching philosophy and classroom practice as they adapt to a new career in teaching. The "know-why," "know-how," and "know-whom" career competencies (Defillippi & Arthur, J. Organizational Behavior 15 (1994) 307)…

  3. Development of Competency-Based Articulated Automotive Program. Big Bend Community College and Area High Schools. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buche, Fred; Cox, Charles

    A competency-based automotive mechanics curriculum was developed at Big Bend Community College (Washington) in order to provide the basis for an advanced placement procedure for high school graduates and experienced adults through a competency assessment. In order to create the curriculum, Big Bend Community College automotive mechanics…

  4. An Extraction from the King Report of Entry-Level Competencies Needed by Library and Information Science Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanMeter, Vandelia L.

    The knowledge, skills, and attitudes expected of library and information professionals were the focus of a major study that culminated in a work entitled "New Directions in Library and Information Science Education" (1986), commonly called the King Report. This study resulted in the identification of sets of competencies in knowledge, skill, and…

  5. Why Focal Firms Share Information? A Study of the Effects of Power and Information Technology Competence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chia-chen Wang; Chun-der Chen; Yu-fen Chen; Cheng-kiang Farn

    2008-01-01

    Supply chain management has become an important issue for Taiwan's manufacturing industry due to escalating global competition. Virtual vertical integration is an important issue in supply chain management. Because organizations only have limited resources, they pursue long-term partnership with specific transaction partners. They share information to improve visibility, speed responses to markets, and reduce costs from information distortion or information

  6. A hierarchical competing systems model of the emergence and early development of executive function

    PubMed Central

    Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

    2010-01-01

    The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function – the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior – in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a developmentally invariant habit system and a conscious representational system that becomes increasingly influential as children develop. This article describes a computational formalization of the HCSM, reviews behavioral and computational research consistent with the model, and suggests directions for future research on the development of executive function. PMID:19120405

  7. Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olaniran, Bolanle A., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    E-learning has become a significant aspect of training and education in the worldwide information economy as an attempt to create and facilitate a competent global work force. "Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy" provides eclectic accounts of case studies in…

  8. Competent psychopharmacology.

    PubMed

    Gardner, David M

    2014-08-01

    There is little doubt that undergraduate and post-graduate training of physicians, pharmacists, and nurses is insufficient to prepare them to use psychotropics safely and effectively, especially in the context of their expanded off-label uses. Therefore, the development of competencies in psychotropic prescribing needs to be approached as a long-term, practice-based learning commitment. Proposed are the abilities and knowledge components necessary for safe and effective use of psychotropics. Typical challenges in prescribing for chronic and recurrent illnesses include highly variable responses and tolerability, drug interactions, and adverse effects that can be serious, irreversible, and even fatal. Prescribing psychotropics is further complicated by negative public and professional reports and growing patient concerns about the quality of care, and questions about the efficacy, safety, and addictive risks of psychotropics. Increased efforts are needed to enhance clinical training and knowledge in psychopharmacology among trainees and practising clinicians, with more comprehensive and sustained attention to the assessment of individual patients, and greater reliance on patient education and collaboration. Improved competence in psychotropic prescribing should lead to more informed, thoughtful, and better-targeted applications as one component of more comprehensive clinical care. PMID:25161064

  9. Improving caregiving competence, stress coping, and mental well-being in informal dementia carers

    PubMed Central

    Chiu, Mary; Wesson, Virginia; Sadavoy, Joel

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To study the effectiveness of Reitman Centre “Coaching, Advocacy, Respite, Education, Relationship, and Simulation” (CARERS) program, which uses problem-solving techniques and simulation to train informal dementia carers. METHODS: Seventy-three carers for family members with dementia were included in the pilot study. Pre- and post-intervention data were collected from carers using validated measures of depression, mastery, role captivity and overload, caregiving competence and burden, and coping styles. To assess program effectiveness, mean differences for these measures were calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to determine if change in scores is dependent on the respective baseline scores. Clinical effects for measures were expressed as Cohen’s D values. RESULTS: Data from 73 carers were analyzed. The majority of these participants were female (79.5%). A total of 69.9% were spouses and 30.1% were children of the care recipient. Participants had an overall mean age of 68.34 ± 12.01 years. About 31.5% of participating carers had a past history of psychiatric illness (e.g., depression), and 34.2% sustained strained relationships with their respective care recipients. Results from carers demonstrated improvement in carers’ self-perception of competence (1.26 ± 1.92, P < 0.0001), and significant reduction in emotion-focused coping (measured by the Coping Inventory of Stressful Situations, -2.37 ± 6.73, P < 0.01), Geriatric Depression scale (-0.67 ± 2.63, P < 0.05) and Pearlin’s overload scale (-0.55 ± 2.07, P < 0.05), upon completion of the Program. Secondly, it was found that carers with more compromised baseline scores benefited most from the intervention, as they experienced statistically significant improvement in the following constructs: competence, stress-coping style (less emotion-oriented), sense of mastery, burden, overload. CONCLUSION: Study results supported the effectiveness of the CARERS Program in improving caregiving competence, stress coping ability and mental well-being in carers caring for family members with dementia. PMID:24255878

  10. Constructing 'expertness': a novice pharmacist's development of interactional competence in patient consultations.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Hanh Thi

    2006-01-01

    It has been argued that being able to utilize expertise in discourse is as important as having expertise (C. Candlin and S. Candlin 2002). From a constructivist perspective, knowledgeability does not exist outside of social interaction: being expert involves performing knowledge and skills effectively in social practices (cf. Butler 1990; Lave and Wenger 1991). It is, then, crucial that novice professionals develop the interactional competence to construct themselves as experts in interaction. This study brings together perspectives from research on expert-lay communication, social interaction, and situated learning to examine how a pharmacy intern performed his professional knowledge in the practice of patient consultation over time. Using conversation analysis complemented by the interactional competence framework (Hall 1995; Young 2002), I demonstrate that as the novice pharmacist gained more experience over the course of one internship, he was able to employ professional knowledge in ways that were sensitive to the sequential organization of talk, and to share the patients' lifeworld perspectives (Mishler 1984) more effectively, thus successfully managing the transactional and interpersonal functions of the consultations. This study contributes to research on expert-lay interaction, particularly in pharmacy, and to the under-studied area of interactional competence development in the professions. PMID:17129203

  11. Research plan for developing trauma core competencies for nurses in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Unhasuta, Krongdai; Robinson, Marylou V; Magilvy, Kathy

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this research plan was identification and development of core competencies for emergency trauma nurses in Thailand. The research plan was undertaken in three phases. Phase I: a national survey of the critical dimensions of care; Phase II: development of a 64 item tool; and Phase III: efficiency study with emergency nurses representing Level-1, Regional, Community and Rural facilities. Six dimensions of competency were identified: cooperation, decision-making, leadership, problem-solving, teamwork, and technical knowledge with a content validity index (CVI) of 1.00 and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of 0.98 (N=485 RNs in 29 hospitals). Analysis of the first year pilot study data using a 5 point likert scale (N=285 RNs in 16 hospitals), nurses rated themselves as 4.18 (SD=0.69) and their peers at 4.00 (SD=0.68). Head nurse evaluations averaged 3.98 (SD=0.55). ANOVA demonstrated no statistical significance (p=0.09) between groups. The results of the preliminary studies demonstrated appropriateness of the core competency items, but refinement is required prior to national distribution. PMID:20129437

  12. Development of a tool to measure clinical competence in occupational therapy: a pilot study?

    PubMed

    Salvatori, P; Baptiste, S; Ward, M

    2000-02-01

    Clinical competence is generally defined as a combination of knowledge, skill and professional behaviour. It is typically assessed using written tests, direct observation, chart audit, client satisfaction surveys and supervisor ratings. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a chart-stimulated recall (CSR) measure that combines the methods of chart audit and clinician interview to assess the clinical competence of practicing occupational therapists. The CSR tool was developed using the Canadian Guidelines for Client-Centred Practice and taps global domains of competence: use of theory, assessment, program planning, intervention, discharge planning, follow-up, program evaluation, clinical reasoning and professional behaviours. This pilot study involved two independent raters/interviewers who assessed twelve occupational therapy clinicians on two occasions using a random sample of client cases/records on each occasion Results indicate that the CSR tool is not only reliable and valid, but also sufficiently generic to be used in a variety of practice settings as a global measure of on-the-job performance. PMID:10695169

  13. The form of early development. Continuity and discontinuity in emergent competences.

    PubMed

    Kagan, J

    1979-09-01

    Conceptions of psychological development devised by Western theorists have assumed connectivity of stages, stability of acquired structures, and continuity of process, and have resisted the possibility that some emerging psychological qualities might have relatively short histories. Empirical studies of the first two years of life suggest that the enhancement of retrieval memory at 8 to 10 months of age, the emergence of a linguistic set at 15 to 18 months of age, and sensitivity to standards of competence prior to the second birthday are emergent human competences that may not necessarily have a historical link to the events of early infancy. Developmental theorists should be as receptive to sequences that are relatively discontinuous as they are to those that are gradual and cumulative. PMID:475541

  14. Developing Cross Cultural Competence: Applying Development and Prevention Ideals to Counseling Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfgang, Jeff; Frazier, Kimberly; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Barrett, Joe

    2011-01-01

    As counselors turn their attention to child-based counseling, there is a need to apply the core tenets of the discipline of counseling to young children and incorporate cross-cultural issues into clinical competence. Using Multicultural Counseling Theory (MCT), the authors discuss conventional approaches to providing clinical interventions for…

  15. Creating an Environment in Which Evaluation-Oriented Student Information Systems Can Successfully Compete for Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lolli, Anthony

    1991-01-01

    An environment that values evaluation as a means of effectively using resources is a prerequisite for development of administrative computing systems. Collaborative development of student information systems by a variety of campus offices increases the likelihood that useful information will be available to administrators for evaluating…

  16. Towards a Human Resource Development Ontology for Combining Competence Management and Technology-Enhanced Workplace Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Schmidt; Christine Kunzmann

    2006-01-01

    Competencies as abstractions of work-relevant human behaviour have emerged as a promising concept for making human skills, knowledge and abilities manageable and addressable. On the organizational level, competence manage- ment uses competencies for integrating the goal-oriented shaping of human assets into management practice. On the operational and technical level, technology- enhanced workplace learning uses competencies for fostering learning activities of

  17. Core Competencies for Medical Teachers (KLM) – A Position Paper of the GMA Committee on Personal and Organizational Development in Teaching

    PubMed Central

    Görlitz, Anja; Ebert, Thomas; Bauer, Daniel; Grasl, Matthäus; Hofer, Matthias; Lammerding-Köppel, Maria; Fabry, Götz

    2015-01-01

    Recent developments in medical education have created increasing challenges for medical teachers which is why the majority of German medical schools already offer educational and instructional skills trainings for their teaching staff. However, to date no framework for educational core competencies for medical teachers exists that might serve as guidance for the qualification of the teaching faculty. Against the background of the discussion about competency based medical education and based upon the international literature, the GMA Committee for Faculty and Organizational Development in Teaching developed a model of core teaching competencies for medical teachers. This framework is designed not only to provide guidance with regard to individual qualification profiles but also to support further advancement of the content, training formats and evaluation of faculty development initiatives and thus, to establish uniform quality criteria for such initiatives in German-speaking medical schools. The model comprises a framework of six competency fields, subdivided into competency components and learning objectives. Additional examples of their use in medical teaching scenarios illustrate and clarify each specific teaching competency. The model has been designed for routine application in medical schools and is thought to be complemented consecutively by additional competencies for teachers with special duties and responsibilities in a future step.

  18. RNA secondary structure regulates the translation of sxy and competence development in Haemophilus influenzae.

    PubMed

    Cameron, Andrew D S; Volar, Milica; Bannister, Laura A; Redfield, Rosemary J

    2008-01-01

    The sxy (tfoX) gene product is the central regulator of DNA uptake by naturally competent gamma-proteobacteria such as Haemophilus influenzae, Vibrio cholerae and probably Escherichia coli. However, the mechanisms regulating sxy gene expression are not understood despite being key to understanding the physiological role of DNA uptake. We have isolated mutations in H. influenzae sxy that greatly elevate translation and thus cause competence to develop in otherwise non-inducing conditions (hypercompetence). In vitro nuclease analysis confirmed the existence of an extensive secondary structure at the 5' end of sxy mRNA that sequesters the ribosome-binding site and start codon in a stem-loop. All of the hypercompetence mutations reduced mRNA base pairing, and one was shown to cause a global destabilization that increased translational efficiency. Conversely, mutations engineered to add mRNA base pairs strengthened the secondary structure, resulting in reduced translational efficiency and greatly reduced competence for genetic transformation. Transfer of wild-type cells to starvation medium improved translational efficiency of sxy while independently triggering the sugar starvation regulator (CRP) to stimulate transcription at the sxy promoter. Thus, mRNA secondary structure is responsive to conditions where DNA uptake will be favorable, and transcription of sxy is simultaneously enhanced if CRP activation signals that energy supplies are limited. PMID:17981840

  19. The Development of Young Children's Productive Narrative Competence in Conversational Contexts: A Longitudinal Investigation (Outstanding Dissertation Award 1986-1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preece, Alison

    1989-01-01

    Presents a corrected and slightly expanded abstract of Alison Preece's doctoral dissertation on the development of young children's productive narrative competence, winner of the International Reading Association's Outstanding Dissertation Award for 1986-1987 (See EJ 378 645). (RS)

  20. Developing Social Competence in Children and Youth with Challenging Behaviors. From the Second CCBD Mini-Library Series: Successful Interventions for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melloy, Kristine J.; Davis, Carol A.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Murry, Francie R.; Leiber, Jennifer

    This monograph provides information on identifying children and youth who could benefit from social skills instruction, highlights strategies for teaching social skills, and presents ideas for reinforcing social competence. After a chapter that introduces the issues, Chapter 2, "Social Competence," defines social competence and discusses elements…

  1. Thank you for taking the time to read and respond to the first part of the draft Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. The Information Literacy Competency Standards for

    E-print Network

    Kasman, Alex

    Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. The Information Literacy Competency Standards, have become an essential document related to the emergence of information literacy as a recognized learning outcome at many institutions of higher education. They have defined information literacy

  2. Competencies: A New Sector.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

    2002-01-01

    Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

  3. Work-based learning as a means of developing and assessing nursing competence.

    PubMed

    Flanagan, J; Baldwin, S; Clarke, D

    2000-05-01

    Work-Based Learning is the bringing together of self-knowledge, expertise at work and formal knowledge. It takes a structured and learner-managed approach to maximizing opportunities for learning and professional development in the workplace. The development and assessment of nursing competence can be facilitated through Work-Based Learning, although this may require pedagogic and structural changes within nurse education. There are a number of conditions which must accompany effective participative learning, and these are discussed in the paper in relation to examples of nursing programmes. This method of learning and assessment has potential to bridge the gap between theory and practice, and as such it can only be achieved through commitment and partnership between the individual practitioner, clinical services and universities. PMID:11235309

  4. Conspiracies and Competences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erpenbeck, John

    Universities and other higher education institutions are predominantly organizations that convey knowledge, more than developing competences - these are often the verbally proclaimed but only rarely achieved goals. There can be two reasons for this discrepancy. First, conveying informational as well as subject-specific and specialized knowledge can even today be planned, assessed, and checked much more easily than conveying competences - an approach for teaching, which needs new patterns of thought and actions. Teachers and learners, assistants and assessing staff, and especially actors and planners who are concerned with questions of educational politics therefore form a "conspiracy of assessors," which has chosen the simpler and seemingly safer approach. This approach, however, seems to be ignorant of future developments. Second, conveying competences needs different forms of learning and teaching than conveying knowledge. The question of the acquisition (interiorization) of rules, assessments, and results of assessments (= values) and norms in the form of the learners' own emotions and motivations is central. Becoming emotionally labilized is pivotal to this appropriation. Emotional labilization also provides a criterion for assessing the effectiveness of Web 2.0 instruments for developing competences.

  5. Developing Competencies in the Entrepreneurial Small Firm for Use of the Internet in the Management of Customer Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGowan, Pauric; Durkin, Mark G.; Allen, Lynsey; Dougan, Colette; Nixon, Sheena

    2001-01-01

    Using an adoption model depicting levels of awareness and value regarding the Internet, interviews with 25 entrepreneurs found the predominant reason for Internet adoption was information gathering and provision. Only one used it as a customer relations tool. Key competencies to enhance Internet use were identified. (Contains 56 references.) (SK)

  6. Overcoming Barriers for eLearning in Universities--Portfolio Models for eCompetence Development of Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneckenberg, Dirk

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the role that eCompetence of faculty members play in the integration of eLearning in higher education. Learning technologies have the potential to enhance educational innovation, but the eLearning adoption rate of faculty in universities is so far disappointing. The motivation and capability of faculty to use information and…

  7. New Developments in Information Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAllister, Lois, Ed.

    The purpose of this conference was to: (1) improve reference and research library resources and services within its area by identifying, sharing and developing such resources and services and (2) further inter-library cooperation, communication and transportation of materials within the area of the Council. Aware that many information needs exist…

  8. Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

  9. How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Alabart, Joan

    Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

  10. Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

  11. Assessing nursing competency in the correctional environment: the creation of a self-reflection learning and development tool

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew J Cashin; Mary Chiarella; Donna Waters; Emily Potter

    2008-01-01

    The authors discuss the development and implementation of the Justice Health (JH) Core Competencies Survey. This survey was designed to identify education needs for a nurse commencing work with JH and at annual review. The development of the third iteration, formatted as an online self-report survey, is discussed. The results of the online survey in 2006 are discussed. Generally, JH

  12. Development and Validation of a Test Instrument for the Assessment of Basic Motor Competencies in Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herrmann, Christian; Gerlach, Erin; Seelig, Harald

    2015-01-01

    A central aim of Physical Education (PE) is the promotion of basic motor competencies ("Motorische Basiskompetenzen" [MOBAK]). These are the necessary prerequisites for developing a physically active lifestyle. Valid test instruments are needed for the evaluation of the effect of PE. For this purpose, we developed a test instrument for…

  13. Pedagogic Aspects of the Design and Content of an Online Course for the Development of Lexical Competence: ADELEX

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basanta, Carmen Perez

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents an online course for assessing and developing lexical competence which grew out of one simple question: How many words do our students have? We start by highlighting the importance of vocabulary teaching in the second language learning process and the beneficial effects of multimedia on developing lexis. The first response to…

  14. Genetic competence in Bacillus subtilis.

    PubMed Central

    Dubnau, D

    1991-01-01

    Genetic competence may be defined as a physiological state enabling a bacterial culture to bind and take up high-molecular-weight exogenous DNA (transformation). In Bacillus subtilis, competence develops postexponentially and only in certain media. In addition, only a minority of the cells in a competent culture become competent, and these are physiologically distinct. Thus, competence is subject to three regulatory modalities: growth stage specific, nutritionally responsive, and cell type specific. This review summarizes the present state of knowledge concerning competence in B. subtilis. The study of genes required for transformability has permitted their classification into two broad categories. Late competence genes are expressed under competence control and specify products required for the binding, uptake, and processing of transforming DNA. Regulatory genes specify products that are needed for the expression of the late genes. Several of the late competence gene products have been shown to be membrane localized, and others are predicted to be membrane associated on the basis of amino acid sequence data. Several of these predicted protein sequences show a striking resemblance to gene products that are involved in the export and/or assembly of extracellular proteins and structures in gram-negative organisms. This observation is consistent with the idea that the late products are directly involved in transport of DNA and is equally consistent with the notion that they play a morphogenetic role in the assembly of a transport apparatus. The competence regulatory apparatus constitutes an elaborate signal transduction system that senses and interprets environmental information and passes this information to the competence-specific transcriptional machinery. Many of the regulatory gene products have been identified and partially characterized, and their interactions have been studied genetically and in some cases biochemically as well. These include several histidine kinase and response regulator members of the bacterial two-component signal transduction machinery, as well as a number of known transcriptionally active proteins. Results of genetic studies are consistent with the notion that the regulatory proteins interact in a hierarchical way to make up a regulatory pathway, and it is possible to propose a provisional scheme for the organization of this pathway. It is remarkable that almost all of the regulatory gene products appear to play roles in the control of various forms of postexponential expression in addition to competence, e.g., sporulation, degradative-enzyme production, motility, and antibiotic production. This has led to the notion of a signal transduction network which transduces environmental information to determine the levels and timing of expression of the ultimate products characteristic of each of these systems. PMID:1943994

  15. Leadership development study :success profile competencies and high-performing leaders at Sandia National Laboratories.

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, Katherine M.; Mulligan, Deborah Rae; Szenasi, Gail L.; Crowder, Stephen Vernon

    2005-04-01

    Sandia is undergoing tremendous change. Sandia's executive management recognized the need for leadership development. About ten years ago the Business, Leadership, and Management Development department in partnership with executive management developed and implemented the organizational leadership Success Profile Competencies to help address some of the changes on the horizon such as workforce losses and lack of a skill set in the area of interpersonal skills. This study addresses the need for the Business, Leadership, and Management Development department to provide statistically sound data in two areas. One is to demonstrate that the organizational 360-degree success profile assessment tool has made a difference for leaders. A second area is to demonstrate the presence of high performing leaders at the Labs. The study utilized two tools to address these two areas. Study participants were made up of individuals who have solid data on Sandia's 360-degree success profile assessment tool. The second assessment tool was comprised of those leaders who participated in the Lockheed Martin Corporation Employee Preferences Survey. Statistical data supports the connection between leader indicators and the 360-degree assessment tool. The study also indicates the presence of high performing leaders at Sandia.

  16. The Galway Consensus Conference: international collaboration on the development of core competencies for health promotion and health education.

    PubMed

    Barry, Margaret M; Allegrante, John P; Lamarre, Marie-Claude; Auld, M Elaine; Taub, Alyson

    2009-06-01

    Developing a competent health promotion workforce is a key component of capacity building for the future and is critical to delivering on the vision, values and commitments of global health promotion. This paper reports on an international consensus meeting to identify core competencies, jointly organized by the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE), the Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE) and the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), with participation from international leaders in the field, that took place at the National University of Ireland, Galway, in June 2008. The purpose of the meeting is outlined and the outcomes in terms of strengthening global exchange, collaboration and common approaches to capacity building and workforce development are discussed. The Consensus Statement, based on the proceedings of the meeting, outlines core values and principles, a common definition and eight domains of core competency that are required to engage in effective health promotion practice. The core domains of competency agreed to at the meeting are: catalysing change, leadership, assessment, planning, impementation, evaluation, advocacy and partnerships. A summary of the Consensus Statement is presented and further dialogue and discussion are invited in order to continue the process of building international consensus with regard to health promotion core competencies. PMID:19477858

  17. Development of national standardized all-hazard disaster core competencies for acute care physicians, nurses, and EMS professionals.

    PubMed

    Schultz, Carl H; Koenig, Kristi L; Whiteside, Mary; Murray, Rick

    2012-03-01

    The training of medical personnel to provide care for disaster victims is a priority for the physician community, the federal government, and society as a whole. Course development for such training guided by well-accepted standardized core competencies is lacking, however. This project identified a set of core competencies and performance objectives based on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required by the specific target audience (emergency department nurses, emergency physicians, and out-of-hospital emergency medical services personnel) to ensure they can treat the injuries and illnesses experienced by victims of disasters regardless of cause. The core competencies provide a blueprint for the development or refinement of disaster training courses. This expert consensus project, supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, incorporated an all-hazard, comprehensive emergency management approach addressing every type of disaster to minimize the effect on the public's health. An instructional systems design process was used to guide the development of audience-appropriate competencies and performance objectives. Participants, representing multiple academic and provider organizations, used a modified Delphi approach to achieve consensus on recommendations. A framework of 19 content categories (domains), 19 core competencies, and more than 90 performance objectives was developed for acute medical care personnel to address the requirements of effective all-hazards disaster response. Creating disaster curricula and training based on the core competencies and performance objectives identified in this article will ensure that acute medical care personnel are prepared to treat patients and address associated ramifications/consequences during any catastrophic event. PMID:21982151

  18. Developing Competent Youth and Strong Communities through After-School Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danish, Steven J., Ed.; Gullotta, Thomas P., Ed.

    Noting the renewed attention given to community efforts supporting after-school activities to promote social competence in its youth, this book examines the concepts of play and rites of passage for youth. The book also discusses the contributions of various types of activities on youth social competency, presents a variety of perspectives for…

  19. Developing a Competency-Based Component for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

    Competencies are identified for the four primary instructional areas of the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum: plant science, agricultural mechanics, natural resources, and animal science. The competencies for each instructional area are divided into those for exploratory units generally appropriate for instruction at the…

  20. Development of replication-competent viral vectors for HIV vaccine delivery

    PubMed Central

    Parks, Christopher L.; Picker, Louis J.; King, C. Richter

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of review Briefly describe some of the replication-competent (RC) vectors being investigated for development of candidate HIV vaccines focusing primarily on technologies that have advanced to testing in macaques or have entered clinical trials. Recent findings RC viral vectors have advanced to the stage were decisions can be made regarding future development of HIV vaccines. The viruses being used as RC vector platforms vary considerably, and their unique attributes make it possible to test multiple vaccine design concepts and also mimic various aspects of an HIV infection. RC viral vectors encoding SIV or HIV proteins can be used to safely immunize macaques, and in some cases, there is evidence of significant vaccine efficacy in challenge protection studies. Several live HIV vaccine vectors are in clinical trials to evaluate immunogenicity, safety, the effect of mucosal delivery, and potential effects of pre-existing immunity. Summary A variety of DNA and RNA viruses are being used to develop RC viral vectors for HIV vaccine delivery. Multiple viral vector platforms have proven to be safe and immunogenic with evidence of efficacy in macaques. Some of the more advanced HIV vaccine prototypes based on vesicular stomatitis virus, vaccinia virus, measles virus, and Sendai virus are in clinical trials. PMID:23925000

  1. A Meaning for Competency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Charles E.; And Others

    This paper, in an attempt to develop a meaning for the term "competency" as it relates to education, begins with a brief review of the literature of competency. The authors then offer their definition: a competency is a rational performance which satisfactorily meets the objectives for a desired condition and can be categorized as (a) basic, or…

  2. Shifting paradigms: from Flexner to competencies.

    PubMed

    Carraccio, Carol; Wolfsthal, Susan D; Englander, Robert; Ferentz, Kevin; Martin, Christine

    2002-05-01

    Realizing medical education is on the brink of a major paradigm shift from structure- and process-based to competency-based education and measurement of outcomes, the authors reviewed the existing medical literature to provide practical insight into how to accomplish full implementation and evaluation of this new paradigm. They searched Medline and the Educational Resource Information Clearinghouse from the 1960s until the present, reviewed the titles and abstracts of the 469 articles the search produced, and chose 68 relevant articles for full review. The authors found that in the 1970s and 1980s much attention was given to the need for and the development of professional competencies for many medical disciplines. Little attention, however, was devoted to defining the benchmarks of specific competencies, how to attain them, or the evaluation of competence. Lack of evaluation strategies was likely one of the forces responsible for the three-decade lag between initiation of the movement and wide-spread adoption. Lessons learned from past experiences include the importance of strategic planning and faculty and learner buy-in for defining competencies. In addition, the benchmarks for defining competency and the thresholds for attaining competence must be clearly delineated. The development of appropriate assessment tools to measure competence remains the challenge of this decade, and educators must be responsible for studying the impact of this paradigm shift to determine whether its ultimate effect is the production of more competent physicians. PMID:12010689

  3. Towards the Development of a Cultural Competence Framework for Human Resource Development Professionals in International Business: A Study of Best Practice Learning and Diversity Companies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyeyune, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    In a global environment, growing business corporations have recognized the role diversity plays in business development. However, the human resource development (HRD) profession charged with the responsibility for developing any organization's human resources, has not defined what cultural competence is and its role in improving the…

  4. Tracheostomy management skills competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method for development and assessment.

    PubMed

    Khademi, Allen; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Cerillo, Lynn M; Dibling, Janice; Wade, Chris; Liang, Jing; Martin, Michele L; Petagna, Ann Marie; Strax, Thomas E

    2012-01-01

    This educational unit was developed to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents on tracheostomy management in non-ventilator-dependent patients and to implement an objective assessment format to measure the attainment of these skills. Thirty-one subjects participated in a 2-day didactic and hands-on workshop supervised by an attending physiatrist, certified speech pathologists, and registered nurses. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. To test the success of the standardized educational module, data have been collected on an ongoing basis for a period of 6 yrs. A before-and-after multiple-choice written examination, as well as simulated patient encounters consisting of eight segments divided into four stations, was used to assess knowledge acquisition and skill achievement. Before instruction, none of the 31 participants were able to perform appropriate tracheostomy care. After the workshop, 31 of 31 (100%) successfully demonstrated clinical proficiency in every segment of the evaluation element of the educational module. Furthermore, a significant increase in knowledge was observed in the multiple-choice examination from pretest to posttest (pretest, 52.7%; posttest, 84.5%). Participation in this module resulted in substantial acquisition of knowledge and skills regarding tracheostomy management for physical medicine and rehabilitation residents. PMID:22157437

  5. Development of a replication-competent lentivirus assay for dendritic cell-targeting lentiviral vectors

    PubMed Central

    Farley, Daniel C; McCloskey, Laura; Thorne, Barbara A; Tareen, Semih U; Nicolai, Christopher J; Campbell, David J; Bannister, Richard; Stewart, Hannah J; Pearson, Laura JE; Moyer, Bentley J; Robbins, Scott H; Zielinski, Leah; Kim, Tae; Radcliffe, Pippa A; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A; Gombotz, Wayne R; Miskin, James E; Kelley-Clarke, Brenna

    2015-01-01

    It is a current regulatory requirement to demonstrate absence of detectable replication-competent lentivirus (RCL) in lentiviral vector products prior to use in clinical trials. Immune Design previously described an HIV-1-based integration-deficient lentiviral vector for use in cancer immunotherapy (VP02). VP02 is enveloped with E1001, a modified Sindbis virus glycoprotein which targets dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) expressed on dendritic cells in vivo. Vector enveloped with E1001 does not transduce T-cell lines used in standard HIV-1-based RCL assays, making current RCL testing formats unsuitable for testing VP02. We therefore developed a novel assay to test for RCL in clinical lots of VP02. This assay, which utilizes a murine leukemia positive control virus and a 293F cell line expressing the E1001 receptor DC-SIGN, meets a series of evaluation criteria defined in collaboration with US regulatory authorities and demonstrates the ability of the assay format to amplify and detect a hypothetical RCL derived from VP02 vector components. This assay was qualified and used to test six independent GMP production lots of VP02, in which no RCL was detected. We propose that the evaluation criteria used to rationally design this novel method should be considered when developing an RCL assay for any lentiviral vector. PMID:26029728

  6. Development of Interactional Competence in L2 Japanese during Study Abroad: The Use of Modal Expressions in Recipient Actions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishida, Midori

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the processes in which second language (L2) speakers of Japanese develop their interactional competence in using modal expressions (e.g., "ne" [I share your view], "kamo" [maybe]) as recipients during study abroad. Although previous research has found that beginning learners of Japanese use the acknowledging receipt…

  7. Survey of Middle School Teacher Desire for Staff Development Focused on Competencies to Teach Gifted and Talented Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neil, Deborah O.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, to determine the level of teacher desire for professional development in competencies needed to teach gifted learners, and second, to identify differences in the level of teacher desirability as it related to a number of independent measures (gender, life stage, teacher concerns, primary teaching…

  8. The Use of Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) within a Constructivist Learning Environment to Develop Core Competencies in Social Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fire, Nancy; Casstevens, W. J.

    2013-01-01

    Achieving foundation-level practice behaviors to develop social work core competencies involves integrating learning across a curriculum. This article focuses on two phases of foundation-level course redevelopment aimed to support graduate students in accomplishing this outcome. The first phase involved restructuring the course to become a…

  9. Service Center Mechanic: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of service center mechanic. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  10. Exploratory Program for Auto Mechanics: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for an exploratory program in auto mechanics. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and postsecondary…

  11. The Supervisor in the Project-Organized Group Work Should Participate in Developing the Students' Project Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Soren

    2004-01-01

    Most work done by engineers today is organized in projects and very often as teamwork. When educating towards employability, it is therefore important that the students develop competencies in areas such as project management, collaboration and teamwork. In companies using human resource management, we find similar expectations to the engineers'…

  12. Adolescent Development of Global Competencies through a Short-Term International Study-Travel Experience to China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gould, Rachel Zucker

    2012-01-01

    The capacity of adolescents to develop global competencies was examined by collecting and analyzing data from 62 student-travelers before, during, and after a short-term study-travel experience to China. The Global Perspectives Inventory was used to compare the student-travelers' perspectives before and after travel with a comparison group of…

  13. The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Richard Lee

    A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

  14. Developing Competencies for Using the Interactive Whiteboard to Implement Communicative Language Teaching in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutrin Schmid, Euline

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the findings of a case study conducted with an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teacher at a German secondary school. This case study is part of a research project that investigates the new competencies that EFL teachers need to acquire in order to be able to use the interactive whiteboard (IWB) to develop their practice,…

  15. Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

  16. Competency-Based Teacher Education for Community College Instructors: A Partly Self-Instructional Staff Development Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Hilding E.

    This paper outlines the basic structure, content, and organization of the Competency-Based Teacher Education (CBTE) program developed for part-time community college instructors at Mount San Jacinto College. Trainees in the program meet in five to seven three-hour class sessions over a typical sixteen-week time span. Sessions are usually spaced…

  17. Variation in Sustainability Competency Development According to Age, Gender, and Disciplinary Affiliation: Implications for Teaching Practice and Overall Program Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Remington-Doucette, Sonya; Musgrove, Sheryl

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a classroom assessment aimed at determining the extent to which five key sustainability competencies develop in students during an introductory transdisciplinary sustainability course. University sustainability programs intend to provide integrated education that fosters the key…

  18. A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

  19. Balancing Competing Demands for Accountability: Technology's Role in Information Access and Production.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ivory, Gary; Derlin, Roberta

    This paper examines how competing demands for accountability in public education are grounded in different visions of the role of education in a democratic society. It also suggests that accountability in education is being profoundly shaped by the technological revolution. While some contradictions in accountability stem from different goals for…

  20. Cultural Competence in Medical Education: Aligning the Formal, Informal and Hidden Curricula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, David; Ewen, Shaun C.; Jones, Rhys

    2014-01-01

    The concept of cultural competence has become reified by inclusion as an accreditation standard in the US and Canada, in New Zealand it is demanded through an Act of Parliament, and it pervades discussion in Australian medical education discourse. However, there is evidence that medical graduates feel poorly prepared to deliver cross-cultural care…

  1. Exploring Middle School Students' Representational Competence in Science: Development and Verification of a Framework for Learning with Visual Representations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tippett, Christine Diane

    Scientific knowledge is constructed and communicated through a range of forms in addition to verbal language. Maps, graphs, charts, diagrams, formulae, models, and drawings are just some of the ways in which science concepts can be represented. Representational competence---an aspect of visual literacy that focuses on the ability to interpret, transform, and produce visual representations---is a key component of science literacy and an essential part of science reading and writing. To date, however, most research has examined learning from representations rather than learning with representations. This dissertation consisted of three distinct projects that were related by a common focus on learning from visual representations as an important aspect of scientific literacy. The first project was the development of an exploratory framework that is proposed for use in investigations of students constructing and interpreting multimedia texts. The exploratory framework, which integrates cognition, metacognition, semiotics, and systemic functional linguistics, could eventually result in a model that might be used to guide classroom practice, leading to improved visual literacy, better comprehension of science concepts, and enhanced science literacy because it emphasizes distinct aspects of learning with representations that can be addressed though explicit instruction. The second project was a metasynthesis of the research that was previously conducted as part of the Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science project (Pacific CRYSTAL, http://www.educ.uvic.ca/pacificcrystal). Five overarching themes emerged from this case-to-case synthesis: the engaging and effective nature of multimedia genres, opportunities for differentiated instruction using multimodal strategies, opportunities for assessment, an emphasis on visual representations, and the robustness of some multimodal literacy strategies across content areas. The third project was a mixed-methods verification study that was conducted to refine and validate the theoretical framework. This study examined middle school students' representational competence and focused on students' creation of visual representations such as labelled diagrams, a form of representation commonly found in science information texts and textbooks. An analysis of the 31 Grade 6 participants' representations and semistructured interviews revealed five themes, each of which supports one or more dimensions of the exploratory framework: participants' use of color, participants' choice of representation (form and function), participants' method of planning for representing, participants' knowledge of conventions, and participants' selection of information to represent. Together, the results of these three projects highlight the need for further research on learning with rather than learning from representations.

  2. Carpentry. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 14 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

  3. Cosmetology. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 17 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

  4. Developing a Tool for Measuring the Decision-Making Competence of Older Adults

    PubMed Central

    Finucane, Melissa L.; Gullion, Christina M.

    2010-01-01

    The authors evaluated the reliability and validity of a tool for measuring older adults’ decision-making competence (DMC). Two-hundred-five younger adults (25-45 years), 208 young-older adults (65-74 years), and 198 old-older adults (75-97 years) made judgments and decisions related to health, finance, and nutrition. Reliable indices of comprehension, dimension weighting, and cognitive reflection were developed. Unlike previous research, the authors were able to compare old-older with young-older adults’ performance. As hypothesized, old-older adults performed more poorly than young-older adults; both groups of older adults performed more poorly than younger adults. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that a large amount of variance in decision performance across age groups (including mean trends) could be accounted for by social variables, health measures, basic cognitive skills, attitudinal measures, and numeracy. Structural equation modeling revealed significant pathways from three exogenous latent factors (crystallized intelligence, other cognitive abilities, and age) to the endogenous DMC latent factor. Further research is needed to validate the meaning of performance on these tasks for real-life decision making. PMID:20545413

  5. Information superhighway: Issues affecting development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1994-09-01

    Technological advances in the transmission of voice, video, and data are fostering fundamental changes in the telecommunications industry. For example, large local telephone companies plan to offer video services in competition with cable and broadcast television, while cable television companies plan to offer local telephone service over their wires in competition with the local telephone companies. The administration believes that these technological changes provide the opportunity to develop an 'Information Superhighway' that could provide every element of society with ready access to data, voice, and video communications. Concurrently, the Congress is considering sweeping changes to telecommunications regulations to keep pace with this dynamic industry. GAO prepared this report to serve as an overview of three key issues that decisionmakers may face as they deliberate telecommunications legislation; it focuses on three pivotal issues they face in formulating new telecommunications legislation: (1) managing the transition to a more competitive local telecommunications marketplace; (2) ensuring that all consumers have access to affordable telecommunications as competition develops; and (3) ensuring that the Information Superhighway provides adequate security, privacy, reliability, and interoperability.

  6. A Competency-Based Approach to Preparing Staff as Recreation and Youth Development Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barcelona, Robert J.; Hurd, Amy R.; Bruggeman, Jennifer A.

    2011-01-01

    Youth are often the primary group for parks and recreation organizations, yet recreation professionals are often not adequately prepared in the principles and practices of youth development. Similarly, youth workers outside the recreation field often lack information on basic recreation program design and activity leadership. Improving access to…

  7. Enterprise Information Architecture for Mission Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dutra, Jayne

    2007-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the concept of an information architecture to assist in mission development. The integrate information architecture will create a unified view of the information using metadata and the values (i.e., taxonomy).

  8. Predictors of Digital Competence in 7th Grade: A Multilevel Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatlevik, O. E.; Ottestad, G.; Throndsen, I.

    2015-01-01

    Since 2006, the ability to use information and communication technology (ICT) has been included as a key competence in the curriculum in Norway, and specific competence aims are developed for most grades. The aim of this study was to identify students' ability to use ICT according to the competence aims, and to examine factors that can predict…

  9. Can Cultural Competency Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities? a Review and Conceptual Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cindy Brach; Irene Fraserirector

    2000-01-01

    This article develops a conceptual model of cultural competency's potential to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities, using the cultural competency and disparities litera- ture to lay the foundation for the model and inform assessments of its validity. The authors identify nine major cultural competency techniques: interpreter services, recruitment and retention policies, training, coordinating with traditional healers, use of community

  10. Spatial flows and competing central places: towards a general theory of hierarchical interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T J Fik; G F Mulligan

    1990-01-01

    This paper presents a variation of Fotheringham's competing destinations model using categorized information on spatial flows in a central place system. A competing central place model is developed using spatially defined choice sets for origin -- destination pairs by threshold distance and central place order. The competing central place generalization is empirically tested by undertaking a comparative analysis of 1980

  11. Developing world class commissioning competencies in care services in England: the role of the service improvement agency.

    PubMed

    Cornes, Michelle; Manthorpe, Jill; Huxley, Peter; Waddington, Paul; Stevens, Martin; Evans, Sherrill

    2010-05-01

    This article provides an insight into the support needs of health and social care commissioners seeking to develop world class commissioning competencies and the role of service improvement agencies in meeting these needs. Reporting findings from the evaluation of one service improvement agency based in England, we focus on the 'improvement supports' (the products and services) that were delivered by the 'Care Services Improvement Partnership' through its 'Better Commissioning Programme'. In-depth interviews were carried out with 25 care commissioners (n = 25) exploring how the Programme was used in their day to day work, its perceived value and limitations. Given the lack of employer-led training and induction we conclude that service improvement agencies play an important role in developing commissioners' skills and competencies. However, we suggest that achieving world class commissioning may depend on a more fundamental rethink of commissioning organisations' approaches to learning and development. PMID:20039967

  12. A Social Ontology for Information System Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manuel Kolp; Paolo Giorgini

    Organizations are changing at an ever-faster pace, as they try to keep up with globalization and the information revolution. Unfortunately, information systems technologies do not support system evolution well, making information systems a roadblock to organizational change. We propose to view information systems as social structures and define methodologies which develop and evolve seamlessly an information system within its operational

  13. Spiritual development of nursing students: developing competence to provide spiritual care to patients at the end of life.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Denise L; Bennett, Marsha J; Manfrin-Ledet, Linda

    2006-09-01

    Nurses spend more time with their patients than do other health care workers. Therefore, the spiritual needs of patients must be recognized as a domain of nursing care. Holism cannot exist without consideration of the spiritual aspects that create individuality and give meaning to people's lives. The purpose of this article is to provide nursing faculty with tools that may be used to develop spiritually knowledgeable nursing students who can overcome barriers to providing spiritual care to end-of-life patients. Our students were required to complete care maps to ensure they are prepared for patient care at the end of life. In this article, we present tools that faculty and students may use to complete the spiritual concept in care mapping. The literature on spirituality is reviewed, use of care mapping in nursing curricula is described, and our teaching approach to develop nursing students who are skilled at providing spiritual care is explained. Three case studies and care maps created by former students are also presented to demonstrate examples of spiritual competence. PMID:17002083

  14. Combining Work and Learning in the Informal Economy: Implications for Education, Training and Skills Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Madhu

    2000-01-01

    Urges systems of education and training to cater to both formal and informal labor markets. Identifies the following components of such efforts: (1) taking into account the traditions and values of the system of vocational learning in working life; (2) accommodating local development needs; and (3) building on the competencies that people in the…

  15. Medical Assisting Competencies. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Beverly; And Others

    This document contains medical assisting competencies and competency-based performance objectives, learning activities, resources, and levels of achievement for each competency that were adapted and developed by instructors of medical assisting to suit the needs and legal parameters of Pennsylvania. The competencies and associated elements are…

  16. Reflection: a critical proficiency essential to the effective development of a high competence in communication.

    PubMed

    Adams, Cindy L; Nestel, Debra; Wolf, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Reflection, or the ability to step back from an experience and consider it critically, in an analytical, non-subjective manner, is an essential aspect of problem solving and decision making, and also of effective communication with clients and colleagues. Reflective practice has been described as the essence of professionalism and is therefore a core professional skill; rarely, however, has it been explicitly taught in veterinary curricula, and it has only a recent history in undergraduate human medical curricula. We describe here two preliminary case studies, one in a veterinary medical education context and the other within a human medical education framework, as examples of approaches to assessing a student's ability for ''reflection.'' The case studies also illustrate some of the key principles. Both of the case studies described had as their end goal the enhancement of communication skills through critical reflection. At Monash University, Australia, the majority of students were assessed as being at a level of ''reflection in development.'' The students in the Ontario Veterinary College case study showed moderately good use of self-awareness and critical reflection as a basis for modifying and integrating communication skills into practice. While both preliminary case studies point to the fact that students recognize the importance of communication and value the opportunity to practice it, few students in either case study identified the importance of reflection for lifelong learning and professional competence. Opportunities to complete critical reflection exercises in other parts of curricula and outside of communication would likely reinforce its importance as a generic skill. Ongoing scholarly approaches to teaching, learning, and evaluating reflection and self-awareness are needed. PMID:16767639

  17. A core competency model for aligning information technology with business objectives

    E-print Network

    Campbell, Kurt (Kurt A.)

    2007-01-01

    Advances in Information Technology and Information Systems delivery over the past decades have restructured industries and created enormous value. Interestingly however, research shows companies traditionally have a very ...

  18. Social justice: a framework for culturally competent care.

    PubMed

    Clingerman, Evelyn

    2011-10-01

    Nurse scholars with expertise in global health and culturally competent care recently proposed standards of practice for culturally competent nursing care that are founded on social justice as a broad framework. The purpose of this article is to respond to invited dialogue about the standards and to offer commentary on social justice and its relationship with context, advocacy, leadership, and culturally competent care. A model of culturally competent care for vulnerable groups informs this discussion. The context and culture that surround migrant and seasonal farmworkers illustrate how social justice illuminates their health inequities and necessitates their need for culturally competent care. The article concludes with recommendations for culturally competent education, practice, and research and offers suggestions for developing culturally competent interventions for migrant and seasonal farmworkers. PMID:21844247

  19. Religious competence as cultural competence

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Definitions of cultural competence often refer to the need to be aware and attentive to the religious and spiritual needs and orientations of patients. However, the institution of psychiatry maintains an ambivalent attitude to the incorporation of religion and spirituality into psychiatric practice. This is despite the fact that many patients, especially those from underserved and underprivileged minority backgrounds, are devotedly religious and find much solace and support in their religiosity. I use the case of mental health of African Americans as an extended example to support the argument that psychiatric services must become more closely attuned to religious matters. I suggest ways in which this can be achieved. Attention to religion can aid in the development of culturally competent and accessible services, which in turn, may increase engagement and service satisfaction among religious populations. PMID:22421686

  20. Developing People's Ability To Learn. European Perspectives on Self-Learning Competency and Technological Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyhan, Barry

    This book outlines the process and outcomes of the EUROTECNET Self-Learning Competency research project that was launched in 1989. (EUROTECNET is a program designed to promote educational responses that will enable the European Community to create technological innovations in the workplace.) Part I, Technological Change and the Need for a…

  1. Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garbett, Dawn

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal.…

  2. Mirroring, Gestaltswitching and Transformative Social Learning: Stepping Stones for Developing Sustainability Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wals, Arjen E. J.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify components and educational design principles for strengthening sustainability competence in and through higher education. Design/methodology/approach: This is a conceptual paper that uses an exemplary autobiographical empirical case study in order to illustrate and support a line of reasoning.…

  3. A Model for Developing and Assessing Tactical Decision-Making Competency in Game Play

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagnano-Richardson, Karen; Henninger, Mary L.

    2008-01-01

    All teachers want their students to become better game players who are motivated to participate in and outside of class. Students need to learn how to make good tactical decisions, in addition to being skilled movers, in order to become competent game players. When students make better tactical decisions, they experience more success and therefore…

  4. Developing Citizenship Competencies from Kindergarten Through Grade 12: A Background Paper for Policymakers and Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tourney-Punta, Judith

    2004-01-01

    Representatives at the school, district and state levels, as well as scholars and researchers, have been working with the Education Commission of the States? National Center for Learning and Citizenship (ECS/NCLC) to define citizenship education in terms of three strands forming "a braid" of civic competencies. Beginning with the rationale and…

  5. Developing Citizenship Competencies from Kindergarten through Grade 12: A Background Paper for Policymakers and Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torney-Purta, Judith; Lopez, Susan Vermeer

    2006-01-01

    Representatives at the school, district and state levels, as well as scholars and researchers, have been working with the Education Commission of the States' National Center for Learning and Citizenship (ECS/NCLC) to define citizenship education expressed in terms of three strands forming a "braid" of civic competencies. This updated version of…

  6. Developing a Portfolio of Intercultural Competences in Teacher Education: The Case of a Finnish International Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dervin, Fred; Hahl, Kaisa

    2015-01-01

    The concept of intercultural competences is contested, although it is omnipresent in varied fields of research and practice. Its assessment is also questioned: how can it be done? By whom? When? Should assessment be summative or formative-or both? In order to be able to assess anything, learning and teaching objectives must be clear, coherent, and…

  7. Developing and Assessing Multicultural Competence with a Focus on Culture and Ethnicity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ter Maat, Mercedes B.

    2011-01-01

    The search for culturally appropriate art therapy practice has historically focused on personal exploration and the infusion of a multicultural perspective in academic and applied experiences. The purpose of this article is to strengthen awareness of the personal and professional competencies necessary for culturally responsible practice. Three…

  8. An Educator's Guide to the Development of Advanced Practice Competencies in Clinical Social Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Jonathan B.; Gray, Susan W.; Miehls, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    The 2008 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards identified 10 core competencies that all social work graduates should master. MSW programs found themselves with a need to identify knowledge, values, and skill statements that reflected what concentration-year students were expected to know and be able to do. In 2009 a group of educators…

  9. Interventional pain management skills competency in pain medicine fellows: a method for development and assessment.

    PubMed

    McElroy, Kevin; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Perret-Karimi, Danielle; Hata, Justin; Ferrer, Steven M; Demesmin, Didier; Petagna, Ann Marie

    2014-08-01

    The purposes of this project were to propose an educational module to instruct pain medicine fellows in the appropriate performance of interventional pain management techniques and to verify procedural competency through objective evaluation methodology. Eight board-certified pain medicine physicians spanning two fellowship programs trained seven fellows using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (American Board of Anesthesiology Pain Medicine Content Outline). The seven fellows demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module. Objective measures compared the fellows' performance on standardized procedure checklists administered 9 mos into training; fellows in the 2012-2013 academic year also received testing at the 3-mo mark. Support for the assessment module is demonstrated by appropriate performance of interventional procedures, with improvement noted from 3-mo to 9-mo testing, successful completion of chart-stimulated oral examinations, proper performance of relevant physical examination maneuvers, and completion of program-specific medical knowledge written tests. The fellows were evaluated via patient surveys and 360-degree global rating scales, maintained procedure logs, and completed two patient-care reports; these were reviewed by program directors to ensure adequate completion. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology presented provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of interventional pain management. PMID:25033098

  10. Advancing Development of Intercultural Competence through Supporting Predictions in Narrative Video

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogan, Amy; Aleven, Vincent; Jones, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    Most successes in intelligent tutoring systems have come in well-defined domains like algebra or physics. We investigate how to support students in acquiring ill-defined skills of intercultural competence using an online environment that employs clips of feature films from a target culture. To test the effectiveness of a set of attention-focusing…

  11. Developing Cross-Cultural Competence: Serving Families of Children with Significant Developmental Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers-Adkinson, Diana L.; Ochoa, Theresa A.; Delgado, Bernadette

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses the various cultural interpretations of severe disabilities and the role of enculturation in determining family expectations and participation within the special education system. Research-based techniques and ideas are presented to facilitate increased competence with families in which English is not the first language.…

  12. Hepatitis C Virus Infection Increases Risk of Developing End-Stage Renal Disease Using Competing Risk Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jia-Jung; Lin, Ming-Yen; Chang, Jung-San; Hung, Chi-Chih; Chang, Jer-Ming; Chen, Hung-Chun; Yu, Ming-Lung; Hwang, Shang-Jyh

    2014-01-01

    Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are closely linked and both increase patient mortality. The association of HCV and risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has not been analyzed with competing risk model. Method We enrolled a prospective cohort of 4,185 patients (mean age, 62 years; 41% female) registered in the CKD integrated care program at two affiliated hospitals of Kaohsiung Medical University in Taiwan between November 11, 2002 and May 31, 2009. With competing risk model, we analyzed the association of HCV infection, defined by seropositive of anti-HCV antibody, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, defined by seropositive of HBV surface antigen, with the risk of entering ESRD. Results The prevalence of HCV infection was 7.6% and it increased with the CKD stages (trend test, P<0.001), while the prevalence of HBV infection was 7.4% and no specific trend among CKD stages (tend test, P?=?0.1). During the 9,101 person-year follow-up period, there were 446 death and 1,205 patients entering ESRD. After adjusting death as the competing risk, the estimated 5-year cumulative incidence rate of ESRD among patients with and without HCV infection were 52.6% and 38.4%, respectively (modified log-rank, P<0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that HCV infection, but not HBV infection, had higher risk of developing ESRD compared with cases without infection (HCV, HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.07–1.62; HBV, HR: 1.10, 95% CI: 0.89–1.35). Subgroup analyses showed consistent results. Conclusions With death-adjusted competing risk analysis, HCV infection is associated with an increased risk of developing ESRD in CKD cohort. PMID:24971499

  13. Information and Communication in Lean Product Development

    E-print Network

    Graebsch, Martin

    In this thesis, the implications and influences that information and communication impose on lean product development in general, as well as the development of a lean Product Development Value Stream Display (lean PDVSD) ...

  14. Lifting the lid of the "black intervention box" - the systematic development of an action competence programme for people with screen-detected dysglycaemia

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The evidence gained from effective self-management interventions is often criticised for the ambiguity of its active components, and consequently the obstruction of their implementation into daily practice. Our aim is to report how an intervention development model aids the careful selection of active components in an intervention for people with dysglycaemia. Methods The first three phases of the UK Medical Research Council's model for developing complex interventions in primary care were used to develop a self-management intervention targeting people with screen-detected dysglycaemia. In the preclinical phase, the expected needs of the target group were assessed by review of empirical literature and theories. In phase I, a preliminary intervention was modelled and in phase II, the preliminary intervention was pilot tested. Results In the preclinical phase the achievement of health-related action competence was defined as the overall intervention goal and four learning objectives were identified: motivation, informed decision-making, action experience and social involvement. In Phase I, the educational activities were defined and the pedagogical tools tested. In phase II, the intervention was tested in two different primary healthcare settings and adjusted accordingly. The 18-hour intervention "Ready to Act" ran for 3 months and consisted of two motivational one-to-one sessions conducted by nurses and eight group meetings conducted by multidisciplinary teams. Conclusions An intervention aimed at health-related action competence was successfully developed for people with screen-detected dysglycaemia. The systematic and transparent developmental process is expected to facilitate future clinical research. The MRC model provides the necessary steps to inform intervention development but should be prioritised according to existing evidence in order to save time. PMID:20459674

  15. Recombinant human growth differentiation factor-9 improves oocyte reprogramming competence and subsequent development of bovine cloned embryos.

    PubMed

    Su, Jianmin; Hu, Guangdong; Wang, Yongsheng; Liang, Dong; Gao, Mingqing; Sun, Hongzheng; Zhang, Yong

    2014-08-01

    Previously, we found that oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) secreted by denuded oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM) enhance subsequent development of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. This treatment requires many oocytes during IVM. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate whether supplementing with recombinant growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF9), one of crucial OFSs, in oocyte maturation medium could improve developmental competence of bovine oocytes and subsequent development of cloned embryos. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from antral follicles of bovine ovaries collected from an abattoir were cultured with (SCNT+GDF9 group) or without (SCNT group) 200 ng/mL recombinant human GDF9 in oocyte maturation medium. After 22 h, metaphase II (MII) oocytes were used for SCNT. The presence of 200 ng/mL GDF9 significantly increased oocyte maturation rates, the cleavage rate, and blastocyst formation rates of bovine cloned embryos. The blastocyst total, inner cell mass (ICM) cell numbers, and ratio of ICM:TE were higher, whereas the rate of apoptosis in bovine cloned blastocysts was lower in the SCNT+GDF9 group than in the SCNT group. The histone modifications at various sites were also different between each group. These results suggest that COCs cultured with recombinant GDF9 in oocyte maturation medium improve oocyte developmental competence and subsequent developmental competence of cloned embryo in cattle. PMID:24840335

  16. Assessing the feeding/eating interaction as a context for the development of social competence in toddlers.

    PubMed

    Spegman, Adele Mattinat; Houck, Gail M

    2005-01-01

    Social competence likely develops through the reciprocal nature of mother-child interactions. Interactions around food provide the young child with consistent and predictable social experiences with the mother, which may establish templates for interactive patterns with others. The Toddler Snack Scale (TSS) assesses the pattern of toddler social behaviors in relation to maternal behaviors during an eating episode. Scale reliability was examined with a sample of 126 dyads at the child's ages of 12, 24, and 36 months. Significant associations were found between TSS classifications and concurrent measures assessed with the Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS), the Control-Autonomy Balance Scale (CABS), and the Adaptive Social Behavioral Inventory (ASBI). Child temperament contributed to child expressions of social competence, but not to the assignment of maternal or child interaction styles. The scale identifies salient areas for parent-child assessment and intervention throughout infancy and toddlerhood. PMID:16356895

  17. 78 FR 22527 - Army Science Board Request for Information on Technology and Core Competencies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-16

    ...Research, Development & Engineering Center (AMRDEC); Communications-Electronics...Research, Development & Engineering Center (CERDEC); Edgewood Chemical Biological Command (ECBC...Research, Development & Engineering Center (NSRDEC);...

  18. Developing a Management Information System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yost, Michael

    This paper is based on the assumption that in shaping academic strategies for long-range planning purposes, educational institutions must be able to gather adequate information on which to base administrative decisions. Information on how the institution has operated in the past as well as how it is currently operating are critical items for valid…

  19. Information security management metrics development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. O. S. Herrera

    2005-01-01

    It is commonly accepted that you cannot improve what you can not measure. This concept is applicable to almost all the departments of an organization (financial, production, human resources, quality, etc.). However, in a lot of organizations the information system area, and more concretely the information security area, does not base its decisions on quantifiable, measurable, comparable and contrastable data,

  20. Information systems security design methods: implications for information systems development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RICHAFID BASKERVILLE

    1993-01-01

    The security of information systems is a serious issue because computer abuse is increasing. It is important, therefore, that systems analysts and designers develop expertise in methods for specifying information systems security. The characteristics found in three generations of general information system design methods provide a framework for comparing and understanding current security design methods. These methods include approaches that

  1. [Strategies for competence development in different levels of nursing education according to teacher's indication].

    PubMed

    De Domenico, Edvane Birelo Lopes; Ide, Cilene Aparecida Costardi

    2005-01-01

    Qualitative study carried out with twenty-two professors of public universities using semi-structured questionnaries for data collection. The study aimed at identifying the teaching strategies adopted by professors to build student competences in different levels of nursing education. The content analysis exposed the tendency in adopting a constructivist model and the intention of promoting pedagogical changes in the search for a different educational formation according to the level of complexity. PMID:16613380

  2. Synergistic Regulation of Competence Development in Bacillus subtilis by Two Rap-Phr Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cristina Bongiorni; Shu Ishikawa; Sophie Stephenson; Naotake Ogasawara; Marta Perego

    2005-01-01

    The 11 Rap proteins of Bacillus subtilis comprise a conserved family of tetratricopeptide (TPR)-containing regulatory proteins. Their activity is inhibited by specific Phr pentapeptides produced from the product of phr genes through an export-import maturation process. We found that one of the proteins, namely RapF, is involved in the regulation of competence to DNA transformation. The ComA response regulator and

  3. Developing medical students as teachers: an anatomy-based student-as-teacher program with emphasis on core teaching competencies.

    PubMed

    Andrew Jay, Erie; Starkman, Sidney J; Pawlina, Wojciech; Lachman, Nirusha

    2013-01-01

    Teaching is an increasingly recognized responsibility of the resident physician. Residents, however, often assume teaching responsibilities without adequate preparation. Consequently, many medical schools have implemented student-as-teacher (SAT) programs that provide near-peer teaching opportunities to senior medical students. Near-peer teaching is widely regarded as an effective teaching modality; however, whether near-peer teaching experiences in medical school prepare students for the teaching demands of residency is less understood. We explored whether the anatomy-based SAT program through the Human Structure didactic block at Mayo Medical School addressed the core teaching competencies of a medical educator and prepared its participants for further teaching roles in their medical careers. A web-based survey was sent to all teaching assistants in the anatomy-based SAT program over the past five years (2007-2011). Survey questions were constructed based on previously published competencies in seven teaching domains--course development, course organization, teaching execution, student coaching, student assessment, teacher evaluation, and scholarship. Results of the survey indicate that participants in the anatomy-based SAT program achieved core competencies of a medical educator and felt prepared for the teaching demands of residency. PMID:23907836

  4. Promoting Secondary Teachers' Diagnostic Competence with Respect to Functions: Development of a Scalable Unit in Continuous Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busch, Julia; Barzel, Bärbel; Leuders, Timo

    2015-01-01

    Diagnosing student achievement in a formative way is a crucial skill for planning and carrying out effective mathematics lessons. This study takes a subject-specific view and aims at investigating diagnostic competence in the field of mathematical functions at secondary level and how to improve it. Following three evidence-based design principles,…

  5. Development and Implementation of a Curriculum to Develop Social Competence for Students with Visual Impairments in Germany. Practice Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Elke

    2004-01-01

    Research has shown, and educators in the field have acknowledged, that students with visual impairments (those who are blind or have low vision) who are in general education, as well as in special education, settings, can lack social competence (Bauman, 1973; Davidow, 1974; Doll, 1953; Hatlen, 2000, 2003; Huebner, 1986; Sacks, Kekelis, &…

  6. Linking the Prevention of Problem Behaviors and Positive Youth Development: Core Competencies for Positive Youth Development and Risk Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerra, Nancy G.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.

    2008-01-01

    In this chapter, we present a brief review of the developmental literature linking healthy adjustment to five core competencies: (1) positive sense of self, (2) self-control, (3) decision-making skills, (4) a moral system of belief, and (5) prosocial connectedness. A central premise of this chapter and the rest of the volume is that promoting…

  7. Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mashinistova, A. V.; Elchin, A. A.; Gorbunova, N. V.; Muratov, V. S.; Kydralieva, K. A.; Khudaibergenova, B. M.; Shabaev, V. P.; Jorobekova, Sh. J.

    2009-04-01

    Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and persistence. In this study screening, collection, identification and expression of stable and technological microbial strains living in soils and in the rhizosphere of abundant weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were conducted. A total of 98 bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere were assessed for biocontrol activity in vitro against phytopathogenic fungi including Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium heterosporum, Fusarium oxysporum, Drechslera teres, Bipolaris sorokiniana, Piricularia oryzae, Botrytis cinerea, Colletothrichum atramentarium and Cladosporium sp., Stagonospora nodorum. Biocontrol activity were performed by the following methods: radial and parallel streaks, "host - pathogen" on the cuts of wheat leaves. A culture collection comprising 64 potential biocontrol agents (BCA) against wheat and barley root diseases has been established. Of these, the most effective were 8 isolates inhibitory to at least 4 out of 5 phytopathogenic fungi tested. The remaining isolates inhibited at least 1 of 5 fungi tested. Growth stimulating activity of proposed rhizobacteria-based preparations was estimated using seedling and vegetative pot techniques. Seeds-inoculation and the tests in laboratory and field conditions were conducted for different agricultural crops - wheat and barley. Intact cells, liquid culture filtrates and crude extracts of the four beneficial bacterial strains isolated from the rhizosphere of weed were studied to stimulate plant growth. As a result, four bacterial strains selected from rhizosphere of weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were chosen as a core of collection of 98 pure cultures with high fungicidal and plant growth-stimulating potentials. Partial determination of nucleotide sequence of 16S ribosomes of tested bacteria indicated that Pseudomonas and Bacillus species were the most dominant bacteria exhibiting biocontrol activity. Typing of bacterial strains was performed on the basis of partial determination of nucleotide sequence 16S ribosome of the studying strain. For this purpose polymerase chain reaction (PCR), using specific primers was provided with chromosomal DNA of bacterial strain under study. After determination of nucleotide sequences of the obtained PCR-fragments, the data obtained was compared with the sequences available in the bank of data (GENEBANK: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), with the aim to determine close related strain to the organism under study. When the level of homology exceeded the level of 98%, one could conclude that the strain under study was identical to the available in the bank of data. Amplification and sequencing of gene 16S pDNA was performed using universal for the majority of prokaryotes primers. Thermopolimerase Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas», dNTP -«Fermentas» was used for amplification. While performing PCR, reagent concentrations corresponded to the protocols described in a set Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas». DNA separation from the sample was performed with DNeasy Plant Mini Kit «QIAGEN». DNA separation from gel was performed with QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit«QIAGEN». Phylogenetic affinity was determined on the basis of the comparison of nucleotide sequence - 400 nucleotides that approximately corresponded to the positions from 500 to 907 nucleotides by nomenclature of E.coli. Primary analysis of the similarity of nucleotide sequences of genes 16S ?DNA of the strains under study was performed on the basis of data Genbank. Sequences were aligned according to nucleotide sequences of those bacteria, which had the highest degree of homology with the strains under study, applyin

  8. The Informal Sector in Developing Countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erwan Quintin

    2006-01-01

    This study documents four key facts about informal economic activities: (1) the size of the informal sector varies greatly across nations; (2) this size is strongly correlated with economic development, the tax burden, and the rule of law; (3) the informal sector emphasizes small-scale, self-financed and unskilled labour intensive economic activities; and (4), while financial markets are generally segmented along

  9. Carpentry. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

  10. Guide to Marketing Course Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum and Resource Center.

    This curriculum guide was developed as a model for schools in Virginia to prepare local programs of studies for the marketing program. In addition to marketing competencies for developing occupational expertise, this curriculum includes foundational competencies important for successful performance in marketing. These baseline competencies address…

  11. Testing Communicative Competence: Problems and Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Courchene, Robert J.; De Bagheera, Jean Ivan

    1981-01-01

    A model for communicative competence, developed by Swain and Canale describes four competences within the concept of communicative competence. These are linguistic, sociolinguistic, discourse, and strategic competence. Each one involves knowledge of and ability to use the competence in question. This model raises questions on several counts; for…

  12. Learning failure in information systems development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kalle Lyytinen; Daniel Robey

    1999-01-01

    Information systems development is a high-risk undertaking, and fail- ures remain common despite advances in development tools and technologies. In this paper, we argue that one reason for this is the collapse of organizational intelligence required to deal with the complexities of systems development. Orga- nizations fail to learn from their experience in systems development because of limits of organizational

  13. Developing Professional Skills in STEM Students: Data Information Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zilinski, Lisa D.; Sapp Nelson, Megan; Van Epps, Amy S.

    2014-01-01

    Undergraduate STEM students are increasingly expected to have some data use skills upon graduation, whether they pursue post-graduate education or move into industry. This project was an initial foray into the application of data information literacy competencies to training undergraduate students to identify markers of data and information

  14. Developing Information Literacy Skills Early in an Undergraduate Curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Freeman; Eileen Lynd-Balta

    2010-01-01

    Several core competencies related to information literacy have been identified by the Association of College and Research Libraries. Students must learn to gather relevant information and communicate their findings effectively. The collaborative activity described here, which could easily be adapted for other disciplines, introduces first-semester freshmen to the standards of professional scientific writing, the different forms of publication, search strategies

  15. Development and Plasticity of Intra- and Intersensory Information Processing

    PubMed Central

    Polley, Daniel B.; Hillock, Andrea R.; Spankovich, Christopher; Popescu, Maria V.; Royal, David W.; Wallace, Mark T.

    2013-01-01

    The functional architecture of sensory brain regions reflects an ingenious biological solution to the competing demands of a continually changing sensory environment. While they are malleable, they have the constancy necessary to support a stable sensory percept. How does the functional organization of sensory brain regions contend with these antithetical demands? Here we describe the functional organization of auditory and multisensory (i.e., auditory-visual) information processing in three sensory brain structures: (1) a low-level unisensory cortical region, the primary auditory cortex (A1); (2) a higher-order multisensory cortical region, the anterior ectosylvian sulcus (AES); and (3) a multisensory subcortical structure, the superior colliculus (SC), We then present a body of work that characterizes the ontogenic expression of experience-dependent influences on the operations performed by the functional circuits contained within these regions. We will present data to support the hypothesis that the competing demands for plasticity and stability are addressed through a developmental transition in operational properties of functional circuits from an initially labile mode in the early stages of postnatal development to a more stable mode in the mature brain that retains the capacity for plasticity under specific experiential conditions. Finally, we discuss parallels between the central tenets of functional organization and plasticity of sensory brain structures drawn from animal studies and a growing literature on human brain plasticity and the potential applicability of these principles to the audiology clinic. PMID:19358458

  16. Development and testing of an objective structured clinical exam (OSCE) to assess socio-cultural dimensions of patient safety competency

    PubMed Central

    Ginsburg, Liane R; Tregunno, Deborah; Norton, Peter G; Smee, Sydney; de Vries, Ingrid; Sebok, Stefanie S; VanDenKerkhof, Elizabeth G; Luctkar-Flude, Marian; Medves, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Background Patient safety (PS) receives limited attention in health professional curricula. We developed and pilot tested four Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) stations intended to reflect socio-cultural dimensions in the Canadian Patient Safety Institute's Safety Competency Framework. Setting and participants 18 third year undergraduate medical and nursing students at a Canadian University. Methods OSCE cases were developed by faculty with clinical and PS expertise with assistance from expert facilitators from the Medical Council of Canada. Stations reflect domains in the Safety Competency Framework (ie, managing safety risks, culture of safety, communication). Stations were assessed by two clinical faculty members. Inter-rater reliability was examined using weighted ? values. Additional aspects of reliability and OSCE performance are reported. Results Assessors exhibited excellent agreement (weighted ? scores ranged from 0.74 to 0.82 for the four OSCE stations). Learners’ scores varied across the four stations. Nursing students scored significantly lower (p<0.05) than medical students on three stations (nursing student mean scores=1.9, 1.9 and 2.7; medical student mean scores=2.8, 2.9 and 3.5 for stations 1, 2 and 3, respectively where 1=borderline unsatisfactory, 2=borderline satisfactory and 3=competence demonstrated). 7/18 students (39%) scored below ‘borderline satisfactory’ on one or more stations. Conclusions Results show (1) four OSCE stations evaluating socio-cultural dimensions of PS achieved variation in scores and (2) performance on this OSCE can be evaluated with high reliability, suggesting a single assessor per station would be sufficient. Differences between nursing and medical student performance are interesting; however, it is unclear what factors explain these differences. PMID:25398630

  17. Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Health Agency Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Norma J.

    This assessment instrument is intended to provide health occupations teachers and state departments of education with information needed to revise and improve the curriculum used in training prospective health occupations teachers and in updating certification requirements for practicing health care professionals. The profile lists the…

  18. Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garbett, Dawn

    2011-12-01

    The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal. Student teachers' responses to questionnaires, peer evaluation guidelines, and interviews provided alternative views about the efficacy of my pedagogy. Data collection and analysis was a hermeneutic and recursive process revealing emergent themes. One theme was that a focus on science content knowledge gave a false sense of confidence and overshadowed our ability to engage in meaningful conversations about learning to teach—a practice challenged through self-study research.

  19. Observed fitness may affect niche overlap in competing species via selective social information use.

    PubMed

    Loukola, Olli J; Seppänen, Janne-Tuomas; Krams, Indrikis; Torvinen, Satu S; Forsman, Jukka T

    2013-10-01

    Social information transmission is important because it enables horizontal spread of behaviors, not only between conspecifics but also between individuals of different species. Because interspecific social information use is expected to take place among species with similar resource needs, it may have major consequences for the emergence of local adaptations, resource sharing, and community organization. Social information use is expected to be selective, but the conditions promoting it in an interspecific context are not well known. Here, we experimentally test whether pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca) use the clutch size of great tits (Parus major) in determining the quality of the observed individual and use it as a basis of decision making. We show that pied flycatchers copied or rejected a novel nest site feature preference of great tits experimentally manipulated to exhibit high or low fitness (clutch size), respectively. Our results demonstrate that the social transmission of behaviors across species can be highly selective in response to observed fitness, plausibly making the phenomenon adaptive. In contrast with the current theory of species coexistence, overlap between realized niches of species could dynamically increase or decrease depending on the observed success of surrounding individuals. PMID:24021400

  20. Market returns to agribusiness skills and competencies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Warren P. Preston; Josef M. Broder

    1990-01-01

    Survey responses were used to develop career skill portfolios for a sample of former agriculture students. Cluster analysis identified three distinct career profiles differentiated by the relative need for communication skills; interpersonal skills; computer, quantitative, and management information; business and economics skills; and technical skills. Statistical tests supported the hypothesis that distinct skill and competency portfolios obtain differential values in

  1. The HRD Competencies as Perceived by the Human Resource Development Professionals in Banks in Cote d'Ivoire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Konan, Affoue Zitagisele

    2010-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to identify how Ivorian HRD professionals in banks perceived their current expertise levels of the HRD competencies, and how these professionals perceived the importance of these competencies needed to be successful in their occupations. In addition, this study determined competencies that are perceived to have the…

  2. Human Resources for Information Development in Sudan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wesley, Cecile

    1992-01-01

    Describes the state of human resources development in Sudan's information industry. Training problems and the emigration of high level personnel are discussed, guidelines for human resource development are suggested, and national strategies to develop and retain Sudan's human resources are suggested. (EA)

  3. Competencies of Undergraduate Business Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Jeffrey; Ritchie, Leah

    2006-01-01

    The idea that one's competencies are as important as one's qualifications has gained acceptance in both business and academia. Business organizations have developed sophisticated management systems around employee competence. There are education assessment tools that help ascertain students' competencies. In this study, the authors investigated…

  4. Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Teacher Self-Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Norma J.

    This assessment instrument is intended to assist teachers in evaluating the relevance of the competencies included in the health occupations education curriculum they are teaching and in assessing their own continuing education needs. The profile lists the competencies required of persons working at the following sites: hospital departments…

  5. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.1: Academic Librarian Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in an academic library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which academic librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference;…

  6. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.4: Special Librarian Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a special library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which special librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and user services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

  7. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.3: School Librarian Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a school library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which school librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

  8. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.2: Public Librarian Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a public library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which public librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

  9. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.6: Database Distributor/Service Professional Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a database distributor/service organization. The activities of professionals working in database distributor/service organizations are listed by function: Database Processing; Customer Support; System Administration; and Planning. The competencies are…

  10. Developing WWW Information Systems on the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jianqun; Reid, Edna O. F.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses basic concepts and technologies related to World Wide Web information system development. Describes the design and implementation of Virtual Travel Mart, a Web-based end- user oriented information system. Emphasizes design considerations, which focus on user needs; creativity; integration of in-house databases on the Internet; currency;…

  11. Faculty Development Curriculum: What Informs It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Robert W.

    2014-01-01

    With the current milieu of current legislation and continued budget reductions for higher education, institutions are faced with being more creative in their efforts to reduce spending while achieving their stated mission. The purpose of this paper is to inform college administrators and faculty about the sources used to inform faculty development

  12. Personnel's Role in Developing an Information System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Sidney H.

    1978-01-01

    The article lists and discusses elements in the development and implementation of an employee information system, such as planning and design, types of data required, selecting software, and documentation. (MF)

  13. Person-first and identity-first language: Developing psychologists' cultural competence using disability language.

    PubMed

    Dunn, Dana S; Andrews, Erin E

    2015-04-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA) advocates the use of person-first language (e.g., people with disabilities) to refer to individuals with disabilities in daily discourse and to reduce bias in psychological writing. Disability culture advocates and disability studies scholars have challenged the rationale for and implications of exclusive person-first language use, promoting use of identity-first language (e.g., disabled people). We argue that psychologists should adopt identity-first language alongside person-first constructions to address the concerns of disability groups while promoting human dignity and maintaining scientific and professional rigor. We review the evolution of disability language and then discuss the major models used to characterize disability and people with disabilities. The rationale for person-first language and the emergence of identity-first language, respectively, are linked to particular models. We then discuss some language challenges posed by identity-first language and the current intent of person-first language, suggesting that psychologists make judicious use of the former when it is possible to do so. We conclude by offering five observations of ways that use of both person-first and identity-first language could enhance psychologists' cultural competence regarding disability issues in personal and scientific communications. PMID:25642702

  14. Competing Risks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bo Henry Lindqvist

    Consider a unit which can experience any one of k competing failure types, and suppose that for each unit we observe the time to failure, T, and the type of fail- ure, C 2 f1;2; : : : ; kg. The case of observing the pair (T; C) is termed \\\\competing risks\\

  15. Entrepreneurship Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cataldo, Paul F.

    Enterprise Skills Development Project for Youth (ESDPY), renamed Project EDGE (Encouraging the Development and Growth of Entrepreneurship), is described in this report. Project EDGE is a training program that assists youth in acquiring the entrepreneurial and life skills necessary to become successful employees/employers in the information age.…

  16. INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (IRIS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Industrial Research and Development Information System (IRIS) links an online interface to a historical database with more than 2,500 statistical tables containing all industrial research and development (R&D) data published by NSF since 19...

  17. Process Management for Geographical Information Systems Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen G. MacDonell

    The controlled management of software processes, an area of ongoing research in the business systems domain, is equally important in the development of geographical information systems (GIS). Appropriate software processes must be defined, used and managed in order to ensure that, as much as possible, systems are developed to quality standards on time and within budget. However, specific characteristics of

  18. Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Acting as part of the European Commission's INNOVATION Programme, the Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) provides information on European Union research, development, and innovation activities to help strengthen the competitiveness of European organizations, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). CORDIS's ten searchable databases covering various news and research publications, EU-funded research programs, and organizational contact and partnership directories are designed to help SMEs find data and funding. An Acronym dictionary of EU research and development terms aids search navigation, and key pages are available in English, French, German, and Italian.

  19. Longitudinal Associations between Executive Control and Developing Mathematical Competence in Preschool Boys and Girls

    PubMed Central

    Clark, Caron A.C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly Andrews

    2012-01-01

    Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy assessments at 3.75 and 4.5 years, and a broad mathematics assessment during kindergarten. Strong associations were observed between latent EC at 3 and mathematics achievement in kindergarten, which remained robust after accounting for earlier informal numeracy, socio-economic status, language and processing speed. Relations between EC and mathematics achievement were stronger in girls than boys. Findings highlight the unique role of EC in predicting which children may have difficulty transitioning to formal mathematics instruction. PMID:23006040

  20. Longitudinal associations between executive control and developing mathematical competence in preschool boys and girls.

    PubMed

    Clark, Caron A C; Sheffield, Tiffany D; Wiebe, Sandra A; Espy, Kimberly A

    2013-01-01

    Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy assessments at 3.75 and 4.5 years, and a broad mathematics assessment during kindergarten. Strong associations were observed between latent EC at age 3 and mathematics achievement in kindergarten, which remained robust after accounting for earlier informal numeracy, socioeconomic status, language and processing speed. Relations between EC and mathematics achievement were stronger in girls than in boys. Findings highlight the unique role of EC in predicting which children may have difficulty transitioning to formal mathematics instruction. PMID:23006040

  1. Using Technology to Develop a Collaborative-Reflective Teaching Practice toward Synthecultural Competence: An Ethnographic Case Study in World Language Teacher Preparation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webber, Dana E.

    2013-01-01

    Using technology to develop a collaborative-reflective teaching practice in a world language education methods course block for teaching certification creates unique opportunities for world language education undergraduates to learn to develop synthecultural competence for education. Such a program allows undergraduates to expand their capacity to…

  2. Teaching Strategic Competence in the Foreign Language Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarone, Elaine

    Communicative competence has at least three components: grammatical competence, sociolinguistic competence, and strategic competence. Strategic competence is the knowledge of how to use one's language to communicate intended meaning. Foreign language students may develop competence in each of these three areas at different rates, but all are…

  3. Health Care Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

    This skills inventory for health care occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from hospitals and other health care providers, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated…

  4. Forestry Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

    This skills inventory for forestry occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from the forestry industry, members from trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated task list and defined…

  5. EFFECTS OF PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN DEVELOPING COMPETENT READERS IN FIRST GRADE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2000-01-01

    The development of reading proficiency in children is perhaps the highest-ranking educational objective of legislators, administrators, teachers, parents, and the community. There is an intense interest in the development of proficient readers, and stringent criticism against education for its failure to bring all students up to acceptable literacy levels. While much of the responsibility for improvingreading proficiency has fallen on

  6. Enhancing Teacher Competency through Co-Teaching and Embedded Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, LaShorage; Thomas-Brown, Karen

    2015-01-01

    The ongoing professional development of general education and special education teachers is vital to the success of students with disabilities. As more classrooms transition to a co-teaching model, the professional development that teachers engage in must transition to meet the needs of both groups of professionals. This study used a qualitative…

  7. Perceived Development Needs of Managers Compared to an Integrated Management Competency Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viitala, Riitta

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: This research sets out to achieve three goals: first, to discover the most important management development areas specified by Finnish managers; second, to discover the intentions of Finnish managers in management development on a personal level and with the support of organizations; and third, to compare the above mentioned aspects and…

  8. How Do Maternal Reasoning and Physical Punishment Contribute to Development of Verbal Competence and Behavior Problems?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jester, Jennifer M.; Muzik, Maria; Berube, Renee; Narang, Sonia; Tuttle, Brenda; Jacobson, Joseph

    As part of a longitudinal investigation of the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure on children's cognitive and socioemotional development, this study examined the role of physical punishment on the development of children's externalizing behavior. Participating in this phase were 296 inner-city African-American families with 7-year-olds who had…

  9. Dynamics of Instructional and Perceptual Factors in Instructional Design Competence Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardre, Patricia L.; Kollmann, Sherry

    2013-01-01

    The nine-month study reported in this paper used mixed methods data and a qualitative analysis to examine the skill and perceptual development of 17 graduate design students. Individual differences, perceptions and preferences that apparently promoted rapid and productive development included: design efficacy, mastery goals, preference for…

  10. Affecting the Future: The Role of Appropriate Scaffolding in the Development of Social Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearn, Catherine M.

    Young children exhibit aggression in order to achieve their goals, to respond to their developing understandings of ownership. The NAEYC "Code of Ethical Conduct" for early childhood educators includes the commitment to support children's development, including helping them to learn to work cooperatively. The types of interventions that children…

  11. Using an Investment Project To Develop Professional Competencies in Introduction to Financial Accounting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dudley, Lola Woodard; Davis, Henry H.; McGrady, David G.

    2001-01-01

    A group project involves accounting students in hypothetical creation of a stock portfolio after completing financial analyses. The activity develops decision-making, critical thinking, research, communication, and finance skills. (SK)

  12. Plant development controls leaf area expansion in alfalfa plants competing for light

    PubMed Central

    Baldissera, Tiago Celso; Frak, Ela; Carvalho, Paulo Cesar de Faccio; Louarn, Gaëtan

    2014-01-01

    Background and Aims The growth of crops in a mixture is more variable and difficult to predict than that in pure stands. Light partitioning and crop leaf area expansion play prominent roles in explaining this variability. However, in many crops commonly grown in mixtures, including the forage species alfalfa, the sensitivity and relative importance of the physiological responses involved in the light modulation of leaf area expansion are still to be established. This study was designed to assess the relative sensitivity of primary shoot development, branching and individual leaf expansion in alfalfa in response to light availability. Methods Two experiments were carried out. The first studied isolated plants to assess the potential development of different shoot types and growth periods. The second consisted of manipulating the intensity of competition for light using a range of canopies in pure and mixed stands at two densities so as to evaluate the relative effects on shoot development, leaf growth, and plant and shoot demography. Key Results Shoot development in the absence of light competition was deterministic (constant phyllochrons of 32·5 °Cd and 48·2 °Cd for primary axes and branches, branching probability of 1, constant delay of 1·75 phyllochron before axillary bud burst) and identical irrespective of shoot type and growth/regrowth periods. During light competition experiments, changes in plant development explained most of the plant leaf area variations, with average leaf size contributing to a lesser extent. Branch development and the number of shoots per plant were the leaf area components most affected by light availability. Primary axis development and plant demography were only affected in situations of severe light competition. Conclusions Plant leaf area components differed with regard to their sensitivity to light competition. The potential shoot development model presented in this study could serve as a framework to integrate light responses in alfalfa crop models. PMID:24201140

  13. Development of a New Valid, Reliable, and Internationally Applicable Assessment Tool of Residents’ Competence in Ophthalmic Surgery (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)

    PubMed Central

    Golnik, C.; Beaver, Hilary; Gauba, Vinod; Lee, Andrew G.; Mayorga, Eduardo; Palis, Gabriela; Saleh, George M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To test the validity and reliability of a new tool for assessing residents’ competence in ophthalmic surgery. Changing paradigms of ophthalmic education in the United States have influenced worldwide ophthalmic education and necessitated new methods of assessing resident competence. Accordingly, a new tool for assessing residents’ competence in ophthalmic surgery (phacoemulsification) that could be applicable internationally was developed. We hypothesize that this instrument is valid and reliable. Methods: A panel of six international content experts adapted a previously published tool for assessing phacoemulsification. The tool (called the International Council of Ophthalmology’s Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric, or ICO-OSCAR:phaco) was reviewed by 12 international content experts for their constructive comments, which were incorporated to ensure content validity. Ten expert cataract surgery teachers then graded six recorded phacoemulsification surgeries with the ICO-OSCAR:phaco to investigate inter-rater reliability. Results: The coefficient alpha statistic (a measure of reliability/internal consistency) for the ICO-OSCAR:phaco as a whole was 0.92, and 17 of its 20 dimensions had alpha coefficients greater than 0.70. Conclusions: The ICO-OSCAR:phaco is a valid and reliable assessment tool that could be applied internationally to satisfy the global need of new instruments to comply with emerging trends in ophthalmic education. A toolbox of similar surgical competency assessment tools is being developed. PMID:24072944

  14. 75 FR 71787 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development (OID) project activities...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

  15. 75 FR 41919 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-19

    ...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development (OID) project activities...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

  16. Investigation and Development of Competency Standards and Certification Requirements for Secondary-Level Vocational Foodservice Programs. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usiewicz, Ronald A.

    An investigation ascertained, analyzed, and documented competency standards and certification requirements for secondary-level vocational food service programs. A literature review produced no instruments used in past studies to measure the attitudes of food service professionals toward task competencies. Six occupations were selected for the…

  17. Reading Picturebooks "as Literature": Four-to-Six-Year-Old Children and the Development of Literary Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Pol, Coosje

    2012-01-01

    This article explores what it means to be a competent reader of picture storybooks by examining the abilities of some 4-6-year-olds, who were read stories aloud in class. Jonathan Culler's concept of "literary competence" was used to tease out the children's implicit knowledge of the structures and conventions that enable them to read a work of…

  18. The Learning and Competency Development of Master Teachers in Alternative High Schools for At-Risk Youth: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Nida W.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative case study was designed to explore how master teachers in transfer high schools learn the competencies they perceive are required to engage at-risk students so that they persist and graduate. The study is based on the following assumptions: (1) The requisite teacher competencies can be defined and identified and, in fact,…

  19. Dairy Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for dairy producers. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

  20. Swine Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a swine producer program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability skills…

  1. Poultry Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a poultry producer program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

  2. Management Competencies in Action: a practical framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dilum Jirasinghe; Geoffrey Lyons

    1995-01-01

    The paper is concerned with the development, validation and use of management competencies; the focus is upon the position of heads within the maintained?schools sector. Issues germane to competencies and their usage are discussed, as are the criteria to be met for competencies to have applicability to the education sector. The generation of management competencies for heads through a national

  3. Machine Trades. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for machine trades. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

  4. Law Enforcement. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for law enforcement. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

  5. Information systems development through social structures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manuel Kolp; Paolo Giorgini; John Mylopoulos

    2002-01-01

    Information systems for organizations such as e-business and knowledge management systems must continually evolve to adapt to their operational environment. Unfortunately, current development methodologies do not support system evolution well, making software an obstacle to organizational changes. The paper describes a framework that develops and evolves seamlessly a system-to-be within its organizational environment. We adopt a set of social structures

  6. Wellness Promotion as a Life-Long Endeavor: Promoting and Developing Life Competencies from Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mcloughlin, Caven S.; Kubick, Robert J., Jr.

    2004-01-01

    Presented here are arguments for reframing school psychologists as agents-of-change for children's entire life spans through creating positive patterns that promote healthy living. Such a focus on children's strengths and the enhancement of wellness, in contrast to the current pathology-driven model of school psychology, may even develop a cadre…

  7. Key Competences for the Development of Lifelong Learning in the European Union

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hozjan, Dejan

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses certain developments in education policy in the European Union since the implementation of the Lisbon strategy. Greater focus on lifelong learning as a means of increasing the competitiveness of the European Union, and establishment of several new, efficient policy tools (above all the "open method of coordination") have, in a…

  8. Developing an Intercultural Competence Programme at an International Cross-Border University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hiller, Gundula Gwenn; Wozniak, Maja

    2009-01-01

    The European University Viadrina located on the German-Polish border, with a high number of international students, was founded to promote the "growing-together" of Europe. Despite those aims, it is becoming more evident that international institutions must develop special strategies to sensitize their members on an intercultural level and to…

  9. The Development of ESD-Related Competencies in Supportive Institutional Frameworks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Haan, Gerhard

    2010-01-01

    Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany--in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations--one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping…

  10. Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulson, Edward

    2011-01-01

    The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

  11. Entering the Public Health Genomics Era: Why Must Health Educators Develop Genomic Competencies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Lei-Shih; Goodson, Patricia

    2007-01-01

    Although the completion of the Human Genome Project will offer new insight into diseases and help develop efficient, personalized treatment or prevention programs, it will also raise new and non-trivial public health issues. Many of these issues fall under the professional purview of public health workers. As members of the public health…

  12. The Role of Parents in the Development of Peer Group Competence. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Shirley G.

    Among studies that have examined the relationship between parenting styles and children's development of social skills, the research of Diana Baumrind is noteworthy. In several studies, she has identified authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles, which differ on the dimensions of nurturance and parental control. Authoritarian…

  13. First Things First: Developing Academic Competence in the First Year of College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reason, Robert D.; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Domingo, Robert J.

    2006-01-01

    Perhaps two-thirds of the gains students make in knowledge and cognitive skill development occur in the first 2 years of college (Pascarella, E. T., and Terenzini, P. T. (2005). How college affects students Vol. 2. A third decade of research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass). A significant proportion of the students entering America's colleges and…

  14. US Urban Teachers' Perspectives of Culturally Competent Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flory, Sara B.; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Murphy, Anne; Blum, Barbara; Wisdom, Kimberlydawn

    2014-01-01

    Health disparities related to food choices, nutrition behaviours and smoking habits in urban communities in the United States signal the importance of health education (HE) in schools, yet educators in urban communities face unique cultural challenges often unaddressed in professional development (PD). The purpose of this study was to use a…

  15. Developing Students' Emotional Competency Using the Classroom-as-Organization Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheehan, Beth J.; McDonald, Mark A.; Spence, Kirsty K.

    2009-01-01

    In management education, the classroom-as-organization (CAO) approach to teaching has been a topic of much discussion and debate. Given the authors' experiences in teaching sport event management, it is known that the CAO approach helps students develop greater self-confidence, greater self- and social awareness, and a greater understanding of…

  16. Interpersonal Attraction as a Communication Accomplishment: Development of a Measure of Affinity-Seeking Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Robert A.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Describes five studies that developed and validated a self-report instrument for assessing affinity-seeking skills. Indicates that the Affinity-Seeking Instrument, which is comprised of two scales, (1) has internal consistency, a stable factor structure, and concurrent discriminant validity; and (2) measures social tendencies that are observable…

  17. English as a Lingua Franca and the Development of Pragmatic Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Neil

    2012-01-01

    Growing interest in English as a lingua franca (ELF) has resulted in a notable increase in the amount of empirical research that attempts to describe the nature of ELF interactions. This article looks at the pedagogical implications of this research in the wider context of other developments in pedagogical pragmatics. It proposes three types of…

  18. Managing Competencies in Breakthrough Product Development: A Comparative Study of Two Material Processing Projects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher McDermott; Theresa Coates

    2007-01-01

    Managers face many challenges as they bring breakthrough products to market. Increasing pressures for short-term returns often make these longer-term, breakthrough product development projects less attractive. At the same time, the array of external sourcing options available to managers has grown dramatically over the last decade, allowing firms to outsource more and more of their core processes. Taken together, managers

  19. Decorating with Arrows: Toward the Development of Representational Competence in Organic Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grove, Nathaniel P.; Cooper, Melanie M.; Rush, Kelli M.

    2012-01-01

    Much effort has been expended in developing improved methods for presenting mechanistic thinking and the curved-arrow notation to organic chemistry students; however, most of these techniques are not research-based. The little research that has been conducted has mainly focused on understanding the meaning that students associate with the…

  20. Higher Education for National Development: Quality Assurance and Fostering Global Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magzan, Masa; Aleksic-Maslac, Karmela

    2011-01-01

    Responding to the impact of globalization on delivering education and the increasing need to adapt to the needs of economic and social life, higher education institutions (HEI) effectiveness is depending on the use of technology and contribution to national development. While increasing access to higher education remains to be an important…

  1. Information for health and human development.

    PubMed

    Alleyne, G A

    1996-01-01

    Information is one of the most powerful instruments of change known to man. It can be used to relieve much pain and suffering, because the basic infrastructure of any successful enterprise is based not only on the management of the physical, financial, and human resources but also on information resources. This paper describes the relationship between health and human development and outlines the roles health sciences librarians might consider in managing information to ensure health, to assist not only medical scientists but also the powerful members of the community. No persons should be hampered in their ability to make decisions about health matters because they did not have access to information librarians have at their disposal. PMID:8938333

  2. Simulation model development in information security education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jose M. Garrido; Tridib Bandyopadhyay

    2009-01-01

    The value of modeling and simulation for education, training, and testing in information security has been documented in several studies. In this paper, we suggest that it is important not only to include the general use of simulation in various courses of the security curriculum, but also to include the theory and development of simulation models. We describe briefly the

  3. Manager, Digital Developer Risk & Information Management Group

    E-print Network

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    , algorithms, and software design · Solid software developer and debugging skills, with experience server · Deep understanding of the Web technology stack (TCP/IP, HTTP, HTML, XHTML, XML, JavaScript, CSS, or other Web 2.0 solutions · Experience in machine learning, information retrieval, large-scale data mining

  4. Information Communication Technology Planning in Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malapile, Sandy; Keengwe, Jared

    2014-01-01

    This article explores major issues related to Information Communication Technology (ICT) in education and technology planning. Using the diffusion of innovation theory, the authors examine technology planning opportunities and challenges in Developing countries (DCs), technology planning trends in schools, and existing technology planning models…

  5. Selecting Software for a Development Information Database.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geethananda, Hemamalee

    1991-01-01

    Describes software selection criteria considered for use with the bibliographic database of the Development Information Network for South Asia (DEVINSA), which is located in Sri Lanka. Highlights include ease of database creation, database size, input, editing, data validation, inverted files, searching, storing searches, vocabulary control, user…

  6. Argonautes compete for miR165/166 to regulate shoot apical meristem development.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhonghui; Zhang, Xiuren

    2012-12-01

    Plant stem cells in the shoot apical meristem (SAM) possess the unique abilities of both self-renewal for SAM maintenance and providing undifferentiated daughter cells for initiation and subsequent development of aerial organs. The coordination between stem cell renewal and cell differentiation during organogenesis is regulated by elaborate genetic pathways involving numerous transcription factors and other molecules. In the past decade, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as pivotal regulators in many biological processes including meristem homeostasis and differentiation in plants. In this review, we summarize current knowledge about the function and mechanism of a family of miRNAs (miR165/166), the miRNA-designated Argonautes (AGOs), and the miRNA-regulated targets in SAM development and maintenance. PMID:22727764

  7. Metacognitively competent reading comprehension is constructively responsive reading: how can such reading be developed in students?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Pressley; Irene W. Gaskins

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the metacognitive processes in which good readers engage before, during, and after reading and the\\u000a strategies instruction that fosters these processes. Benchmark School, a school in Media, PA for struggling readers, is provided\\u000a as an example of how a grades 1–8, across-the-curriculum strategies program was developed based on the research of the late\\u000a 1980s and early 1990s

  8. Blogs and the Development of Plurilingual and Intercultural Competence: Report of a Co-Actional Approach in Portuguese Foreign Language Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melo-Pfeifer, Sílvia

    2015-01-01

    Focusing on the topic of the development of the plurilingual and intercultural competence through the integration of electronic communicative practices both in foreign language classrooms and non-formal contexts, this work aims at defining and characterizing, in view of a co-actional perspective, a "pedagogical blog", by considering it…

  9. How Chinese College Students Make Sense of Foreign Films and TV Series: Implications for the Development of Intercultural Communicative Competence in ELT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Linda Hui; Fleming, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Films and TV series are widely used to support teaching in English language classrooms. They are seen largely as a source of authentic language, as a way of motivating students or as a means of conveying knowledge about another culture. There is less emphasis on their use as a focus for developing intercultural competence. This is particularly the…

  10. Development and Validation of the "iCAN!"--A Self-Administered Questionnaire Measuring Outcomes/Competences and Professionalism of Medical Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimoliatis, Ioannis D. K.; Lyrakos, Georgios N.; Tseretopoulou, Xanthippi; Tzamalis, Theodoros; Bazoukis, George; Benos, Alexis; Gogos, Charalambos; Malizos, Konstantinos; Pneumatikos, Ioannis; Thermos, Kyriaki; Kaldoudi, Eleni; Tzaphlidou, Margaret; Papadopoulos, Iordanis N.; Jelastopulu, Eleni

    2014-01-01

    The Tuning-Medicine Project produced a set of "level one" and "level two" learning outcomes/competences to be met by European medical graduates. In the learner-centered era self-assessment becomes more and more important. Our aim was to develop a self-completion questionnaire ("iCAN!") evaluating graduates' learning…

  11. Developing a Consensus-Driven, Core Competency Model to Shape Future Audio Engineering Technology Curriculum: A Web-Based Modified Delphi Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tough, David T.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this online study was to create a ranking of essential core competencies and technologies required by AET (audio engineering technology) programs 10 years in the future. The study was designed to facilitate curriculum development and improvement in the rapidly expanding number of small to medium sized audio engineering technology…

  12. Competence and Human Resource Development in Multinational Companies in Three European Union Member States: A Comparative Analysis between Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. CEDEFOP Panorama Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markowitsch, Jorg; Kollinger, Iris; Warmerdam, John; Moerel, Hans; Konrad, John; Burell, Catherine; Guile, David

    A comparative analysis of human resources development and management in the subsidiaries of three multinational companies (Xerox, Glaxo Wellcome, and AXA Nordstern Colonia) was conducted in these three European Union (EU) member states: Austria, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands. Case studies were used, focusing on competence needs and…

  13. Provide a Staff Development Program. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller-Beach, Audni; And Others

    Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to establish and/or facilitate implementation of a staff development program, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and…

  14. HEART FUNCTION, CIRCULATION AND RESPIRATION IN EMBRYO AND HATCHING Early Development of Thermoregulatory Competence in Chickens: Responses of Heart Rate and Oxygen Uptake to Altered Ambient Temperatures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Tazawa; Y. Chiba; E. M. Dzialowski; W. W. Burggren

    Avian embryos need a heat supply from the external environment to develop, because heat loss from an egg overwhelms heat production of an embryo and accordingly they cannot maintain body temperature constant during incubation. In the domestic fowl, a minute homeothermic competence appears during the end of incubation with subsequent large augmen- tation soon after hatching. However, hatchling's metabolic rate

  15. A Process Analysis Approach to the Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum in Therapeutic Recreation at the Masters Degree Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Jerry; And Others

    The purpose of the project was to develop and design a competency based curriculum in therapeutic recreation at the masters degree level, both for application and implementation at Temple University, and as a model that has the potential for adoption and/or adaptation by other colleges and universities involved in the provision of a graduate…

  16. Competency Across the Campus: The University Secretary. Summary of a Research Study of Secretarial Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernotavicz, Freda; Clasby, Miriam

    The competencies of the university secretary were studied at the University of Southern Maine. In addition to developing position descriptions, competencies that distinguish effective performers were also identified. Based on results of interviews with 24 secretaries, a competency-based model was developed. Fourteen competencies were categorized…

  17. Competence-based curriculum development for general practice in Germany: a stepwise peer-based approach instead of reinventing the wheel

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Improving postgraduate medical training is one important step to attract more medical students into general practice. Keeping pace with international developments moving to competence-based curricula for general practice training, the aim of this project was to develop and implement such a curriculum in Germany. Methods A five-step, peer-based method was used for the curriculum development process including panel testing and a “test version” of the curriculum for the pilot implementation phase. The CanMEDS framework served as a basis for a new German competence-based curriculum in general practice training. Four curricula from European countries and Canada were reviewed and, following required cultural adaptions, key strengths from these were integrated. For the CanMEDS “medical expertise” element of the curriculum, the WONCA ICPC-2 classification of patient’s “reason for encounters” was also integrated. Results Altogether, 37 participants were involved in the development process representing 12 different federal states in Germany, and including an expert advisor from Denmark. An official “test version” of the curriculum consisting of three parts: medical expertise, additional competencies and medical procedures was established. A system of self-assessment for trainees was integrated into the curriculum using a traffic light scale. Since March 2012, the curriculum has been made freely available online as a “test version”. In 2014, an evaluation is planned using feedback from users of the test model as a further stage of the implementation process. Conclusions The first German competence-based curriculum for general practice training has been developed using a pragmatic peer controlled approach and implementation is being trialed with a “test version” of the curriculum. This model project and its peer-based methodology may support competence-based curriculum development for other medical specialties both inside and outside Germany. PMID:23937795

  18. Negotiating Competing Goals in the Development of an Urban Ecology Practitioner Inquiry Community

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Piazza, Peter; McNeill, Katherine L.

    2013-11-01

    Teacher learning communities are hailed by many as vehicles for reforming and elevating the professional status of teaching. While much research explores teacher community as a venue for measurable gains, our research examines the orientation of practitioner inquiry toward critical debate about effective instruction. Specifically, our study focuses on a group of middle and high school teachers who worked with a nonprofit organization to engage students in urban environmental field investigations. Teachers met regularly as a community with the common goal of teaching urban ecology in an outdoor setting. We collected interview data from members of the teacher community, and we observed teacher interaction during a meeting of the practitioner inquiry group. Interview results indicated that while the nonprofit aimed to support collaborative dialogue and self-critique, participants saw the community mainly as a venue for pursuing short-term goals, such as receiving new resources or socializing with colleagues. Observation data, however, suggested that the community was taking early steps toward building an environment oriented toward critical discussion. Juxtaposing results from our interviews and observations, we discuss the challenges communities face when they seek to develop shared beliefs and deal openly with conflict. Ultimately, we suggest that organizers of collaborative learning environments should work to actively develop structures for building the organizational trust necessary to support civil critique.

  19. How successfully can academic faculty practices compete in developing managed care markets?

    PubMed

    Culbertson, R A

    1996-08-01

    The author investigated the range of competitive options available for academic faculty practices and their associated academic medical centers located in health care markets with relatively limited development of managed care plans. Using personal and telephone interviews, he studied two such markets in 1994, one in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and one in Atlanta, Georgia. Representatives of faculty practices in these cities were asked to assess whether their practices would be attractive or unattractive for contracting with managed care providers; eight attributes of faculty practices (e.g., specialist physicians' availability within the group; prices of services offered by the group) were used as criteria. Similarly, representatives of local managed care plans were asked to use the same criteria to indicate what they would consider attractive or not in their local faculty practices when considering a physician services contract with such a practice. In both markets, the image of the academic medical center was generally considered to be a strong asset to the faculty practices. But all sectors also agreed that the nature of practices' utilization management and what was seen as their excessive use of resources in the academic environment were causes for concern. Also, the difference between the practice patterns of managed care physicians and academic faculty physicians was regarded as a cultural one in which traditional patterns of academic training are considered inimical to fostering the prudent management of patients. The findings strongly suggest that opportunities for faculty practices to negotiate with managed care plans and help shape their areas' future health care environments still exist in developing markets throughout the United States. But even those practices with such opportunities cannot succeed without significant internal restructuring to transform themselves to successfully deal with the new world of managed care. PMID:9125962

  20. Development of a flexible higher education curriculum framework for geographic information science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Veenendaal, B.

    2014-04-01

    A wide range of geographic information science (GIScience) educational programs currently exist, the oldest now over 25 years. Offerings vary from those specifically focussed on geographic information science, to those that utilise geographic information systems in various applications and disciplines. Over the past two decades, there have been a number of initiatives to design curricula for GIScience, including the NCGIA Core Curriculum, GIS&T Body of Knowledge and the Geospatial Technology Competency Model developments. The rapid developments in geospatial technology, applications and organisations means that curricula need to constantly be updated and developed to maintain currency and relevance. This paper reviews the curriculum initiatives and outlines a new and flexible GIScience higher education curriculum framework which complements and utilises existing curricula. This new framework was applied to the GIScience programs at Curtin University in Perth, Australia which has surpassed 25 years of GIScience education. Some of the results of applying this framework are outlined and discussed.

  1. A Proposal of Product Development Collaboration Method Using User Support Information and its Experimental Evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanaka, Mitsuru; Kataoka, Masatoshi; Koizumi, Hisao

    As the market changes more rapidly and new products continue to get more complex and multifunctional, product development collaboration with competent partners and leading users is getting more important to come up with new products that are successful in the market in a timely manner. ECM (engineering chain management) and SCM (supply chain management) are supply-side approaches toward this collaboration. In this paper, we propose a demand-side approach toward product development collaboration with users based on the information gathered through user support interactions. The approach and methodology proposed here was applied to a real data set, and its effectiveness was verified.

  2. The Case for Developing Professional Master's Degrees to Compete in the Business World

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bozler, Hans M.

    2002-04-01

    Graduate education in most physics programs is oriented towards preparing students for research careers even though the majority of the students do not actively pursue research after graduation. This research orientation causes physics graduate programs to lose potential students. In addition science-trained professionals are often underrepresented in corporate decision making. Meanwhile, many physics graduates at all levels supplement their skills by taking courses in professional schools (engineering, law, and business). A survey of our graduates shows that combinations of knowledge and skills from physics and applied disciplines including business often form the basis for successful careers. The objective of our new Professional Master's in Physics for Business Applications program is to streamline this education by combining disciplines so that physics graduates can rapidly move into decision making positions within business and industry. We combine a traditional physics curriculum with courses that add to problem solving and computational skills. Students take courses in our Business School and also do an internship. Our physics courses are kept at the same level as those taken by Ph.D. students. The business courses are selected from offerings by the Marshall School of Business to their own MBA students. The progress and problems associated with the development of curriculum, recruiting, and placement will be discussed.

  3. Assessing Competence in Pediatric Cardiology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Apul E.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    In response to the need to assure physician competence, a rating scale was developed at the University of Minnesota Medical School for use in evaluating clinical competence in pediatric cardiology. It was tested on first- and second-year specialists. Development and testing procedures are described. (JT)

  4. Microcomputer Competencies for Vocational Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Gene L.; Tesolowski, Dennis G.

    1984-01-01

    This joint research and development project of two state departments of education used the DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process to identify microcomputer competencies for vocational instructors. Brainstorming techniques were used to identify five categories of microcomputer applications and to determine which competencies belonged in each…

  5. Horticulture. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This list consists of essential competencies from the following specialized Ohio Competency Analysis Profiles: Floriculutre and Greenhouse Worker; Nursery and Garden Center Worker; and Turf and Landscape Worker. Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency…

  6. Information spreading and development of cultural centers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dybiec, Bart?omiej; Mitarai, Namiko; Sneppen, Kim

    2012-05-01

    The historical interplay between societies is governed by many factors, including in particular the spreading of languages, religion, and other symbolic traits. Cultural development, in turn, is coupled to the emergence and maintenance of information spreading. Strong centralized cultures exist due to attention from their members, whose faithfulness in turn relies on the supply of information. Here we discuss a culture evolution model on a planar geometry that takes into account aspects of the feedback between information spreading and its maintenance. Features of the model are highlighted by comparing it to cultural spreading in ancient and medieval Europe, where it suggests in particular that long-lived centers should be located in geographically remote regions.

  7. Therapist competence in global mental health: Development of the ENhancing Assessment of Common Therapeutic factors (ENACT) rating scale.

    PubMed

    Kohrt, Brandon A; Jordans, Mark J D; Rai, Sauharda; Shrestha, Pragya; Luitel, Nagendra P; Ramaiya, Megan K; Singla, Daisy R; Patel, Vikram

    2015-06-01

    Lack of reliable and valid measures of therapist competence is a barrier to dissemination and implementation of psychological treatments in global mental health. We developed the ENhancing Assessment of Common Therapeutic factors (ENACT) rating scale for training and supervision across settings varied by culture and access to mental health resources. We employed a four-step process in Nepal: (1) Item generation: We extracted 1081 items (grouped into 104 domains) from 56 existing tools; role-plays with Nepali therapists generated 11 additional domains. (2) Item relevance: From the 115 domains, Nepali therapists selected 49 domains of therapeutic importance and high comprehensibility. (3) Item utility: We piloted the ENACT scale through rating role-play videotapes, patient session transcripts, and live observations of primary care workers in trainings for psychological treatments and the Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP). (4) Inter-rater reliability was acceptable for experts (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC(2,7) = 0.88 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.81-0.93), N = 7) and non-specialists (ICC(1,3) = 0.67 (95% CI 0.60-0.73), N = 34). In sum, the ENACT scale is an 18-item assessment for common factors in psychological treatments, including task-sharing initiatives with non-specialists across cultural settings. Further research is needed to evaluate applications for therapy quality and association with patient outcomes. PMID:25847276

  8. Exploring the Sociodemographic, Organizational and Other Correlates Affecting the Promotion of Cultural and Linguistic Competence: Implications for Mental Health Disparities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Karen Belinda

    2012-01-01

    Background: Cultural and linguistic competence is widely viewed as a strategy for addressing disparities in health and mental health care. Organizational activities towards the integration and implementation of cultural and linguistic competence span the gamut to include training, workforce development, policy development and standards that inform

  9. Cell development obeys maximum Fisher information

    E-print Network

    B. R. Frieden; R. A. Gatenby

    2014-04-29

    Eukaryotic cell development has been optimized by natural selection to obey maximal intracellular flux of messenger proteins. This, in turn, implies maximum Fisher information on angular position about a target nuclear pore complex (NPR). The cell is simply modeled as spherical, with cell membrane (CM) diameter 10 micron and concentric nuclear membrane (NM) diameter 6 micron. The NM contains about 3000 nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Development requires messenger ligands to travel from the CM-NPC-DNA target binding sites. Ligands acquire negative charge by phosphorylation, passing through the cytoplasm over Newtonian trajectories toward positively charged NPCs (utilizing positive nuclear localization sequences). The CM-NPC channel obeys maximized mean protein flux F and Fisher information I at the NPC, with first-order delta I = 0 and approximate 2nd-order delta I = 0 stability to environmental perturbations. Many of its predictions are confirmed, including the dominance of protein pathways of from 1-4 proteins, a 4nm size for the EGFR protein and the approximate flux value F =10^16 proteins/m2-s. After entering the nucleus, each protein ultimately delivers its ligand information to a DNA target site with maximum probability, i.e. maximum Kullback-Liebler entropy HKL. In a smoothness limit HKL approaches IDNA/2, so that the total CM-NPC-DNA channel obeys maximum Fisher I. Thus maximum information approaches non-equilibrium, one condition for life.

  10. Creating Competence: Perspectives and Practices in Organizations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulder, Martin

    Creating competence has become a major issue in organizations. Various authors contend that competency management has the potential of integrating organizational strategy, human-resource instruments, and human-resource development; that competency development can lead to performance improvement; and that it can help Human Resource Development

  11. Business Information as a Strategic Factor in Company Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martini, Giorgio

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the role of business information in company development. Types of information within a company are described, including communications information, management information, and planning information; access to organized information is discussed; strategically oriented information management activity is explained; and the relationship…

  12. Strategy-Based Development of Teacher Educators' ICT Competence through a Co-operative Staff Development Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavonen, Jari; Lattu, Matti; Juuti, Kalle; Meisalo, Veijo

    2006-01-01

    An ICT strategy and an implementation plan for teacher education were created in a co-operative process. Visions and expectations of staff members and students were registered by questionnaires and by making notes during sessions in which the strategy was created. Thereafter, an implementation document, where the staff development programme and…

  13. Geographic Information Systems and Web Page Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, Justin

    2004-01-01

    The Facilities Engineering and Architectural Branch is responsible for the design and maintenance of buildings, laboratories, and civil structures. In order to improve efficiency and quality, the FEAB has dedicated itself to establishing a data infrastructure based on Geographic Information Systems, GIs. The value of GIS was explained in an article dating back to 1980 entitled "Need for a Multipurpose Cadastre which stated, "There is a critical need for a better land-information system in the United States to improve land-conveyance procedures, furnish a basis for equitable taxation, and provide much-needed information for resource management and environmental planning." Scientists and engineers both point to GIS as the solution. What is GIS? According to most text books, Geographic Information Systems is a class of software that stores, manages, and analyzes mapable features on, above, or below the surface of the earth. GIS software is basically database management software to the management of spatial data and information. Simply put, Geographic Information Systems manage, analyze, chart, graph, and map spatial information. At the outset, I was given goals and expectations from my branch and from my mentor with regards to the further implementation of GIs. Those goals are as follows: (1) Continue the development of GIS for the underground structures. (2) Extract and export annotated data from AutoCAD drawing files and construct a database (to serve as a prototype for future work). (3) Examine existing underground record drawings to determine existing and non-existing underground tanks. Once this data was collected and analyzed, I set out on the task of creating a user-friendly database that could be assessed by all members of the branch. It was important that the database be built using programs that most employees already possess, ruling out most AutoCAD-based viewers. Therefore, I set out to create an Access database that translated onto the web using Internet Explorer as the foundation. After some programming, it was possible to view AutoCAD files and other GIS-related applications on Internet Explorer, while providing the user with a variety of editing commands and setting options. I was also given the task of launching a divisional website using Macromedia Flash and other web- development programs.

  14. 13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

  15. 13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

  16. 13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

  17. 13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

  18. 77 FR 13172 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-05

    ...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...of ongoing SSA FY 2012 OIS Development project and research activities...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Chair...

  19. Competence and Competency-based Training: What the Literature Says

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, Hugh

    2009-01-01

    This literature review, commissioned by the National Quality Council, provides a historical account of the development of competency-based training in Australia and summarises the issues arising from the range of reviews conducted on elements of the national training system. It also explores the variety of ways in which competence is conceived…

  20. The Developing Chicken Yolk Sac Acquires Nutrient Transport Competence by an Orchestrated Differentiation Process of Its Endodermal Epithelial Cells*

    PubMed Central

    Bauer, Raimund; Plieschnig, Julia A.; Finkes, Thomas; Riegler, Barbara; Hermann, Marcela; Schneider, Wolfgang J.

    2013-01-01

    During chicken yolk sac (YS) growth, mesodermal cells in the area vasculosa follow the migrating endodermal epithelial cell (EEC) layer in the area vitellina. Ultimately, these cells form the vascularized YS that functions in nutrient transfer to the embryo. How and when EECs, with their apical aspect directly contacting the oocytic yolk, acquire the ability to take up yolk macromolecules during the vitellina-to-vasculosa transition has not been investigated. In addressing these questions, we found that with progressive vascularization, the expression level in EECs of the nutrient receptor triad, LRP2-cubilin-amnionless, changes significantly. The receptor complex, competent for uptake of yolk proteins, is produced by EECs in the area vasculosa but not in the area vitellina. Yolk components endocytosed by LRP2-cubilin-amnionless, preformed and newly formed lipid droplets, and yolk-derived very low density lipoprotein, shown to be efficiently endocytosed and lysosomally processed by EECs, probably provide substrates for resynthesis and secretion of nutrients, such as lipoproteins. In fact, as directly demonstrated by pulse-chase experiments, EECs in the vascularized, but not in the avascular, region efficiently produce and secrete lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), apoB, and/or apoA-V. In contrast, perilipin 2, a lipid droplet-stabilizing protein, is produced exclusively by the EECs of the area vitellina. These data suggest a differentiation process that orchestrates the vascularization of the developing YS with the induction of yolk uptake and lipoprotein secretion by EECs to ensure embryo nutrition. PMID:23209291

  1. Development of an Equine-Tropic Replication-Competent Lentivirus Assay for Equine Infectious Anemia Virus-Based Lentiviral Vectors

    PubMed Central

    Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A.; Evans, Nerys E.; Miskin, James E.; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical “equine-tropic” RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

  2. Medical Assistant. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

  3. Resource Conservation. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for resource conservation occupations. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency

  4. Industrial Maintenance. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for industrial maintenance occupations. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency

  5. Practical Nursing. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for practical nursing. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that…

  6. Nurse Aide. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for nurses' aides. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify…

  7. Establishing Essential Competencies for Program Evaluators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevahn, Laurie; King, Jean A.; Ghere, Gail; Minnema, Jane

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a comprehensive taxonomy of essential competencies for program evaluators. First, the authors provide a rationale for developing evaluator competencies, along with a brief history of the initial development and validation of the taxonomy of essential evaluator competencies in King, Stevahn, Ghere, and Minnema (2001). Second,…

  8. Agriculture Products Processing. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

  9. Environmental Management. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

  10. Criminal Justice. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

  11. Commercial Art. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

  12. Drafting. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Drafting Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) is one of a series of competency lists, verified by expert workers, that have evolved from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) job analysis process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from throughout Ohio. This OCAP identifies the…

  13. Holistic Competence: Putting Judgements First

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckett, David

    2008-01-01

    Professional practice can be conceptualised holistically, and in fact during the 1990s the "Australian model" of integrated or holistic competence emerged empirically. This piece outlines that story, and then develops a more rigorous conceptual analysis of what it is to make competent practical judgements, through inferences, in context-specific…

  14. Competencies for Articulation: Procedures Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southeast Community Coll., Lincoln, NE.

    Competencies for Articulation materials have been developed by public schools, an educational district, and a community college in Nebraska to help vocational education students progress from one level of educational training to another and to employment. Their progress is to be measured by "competencies," each of which has three parts: (1) a…

  15. "Competency" in Liberal Arts Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownlee, Carol Gene

    Four years ago Sterling College began to develop a competency curriculum. This document presents a working definition and basic assumptions about this curriculum. The curriculum includes 9 college-wide competencies that are required for graduation and that are predicted on several basic assumptions: (1) The curriculum includes the total program of…

  16. Competencies in the Heartland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cejda, Brent

    2012-01-01

    Although many of the issues facing community colleges are similar, rural community colleges face additional leadership challenges due to limited resources, geographic isolation, and static economies. This chapter focuses on the impact of location on the interpretation and development of the leadership competencies. The chapter concludes with…

  17. Collaborating to Compete

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wilfred Amaldoss; Robert J. Meyer; Jagmohan S. Raju; Amnon Rapoport

    2000-01-01

    In collaborating to compete, firms forge different types of strategic alliances: same-function alliances, parallel development of new products, and cross-functional alliances. A major challenge in the management of these alliances is how to control the resource commitment of partners to the collaboration. In this research we examine both theoretically and experimentally how the type of an alliance and the prescribed

  18. Ohio Biotechnology Competency Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Lavonna; Bowermeister, Bob; Boudreau, Joyce

    This document, which lists the biotechnology competencies identified by representatives from biotechnology businesses and industries as well as secondary and post-secondary educators throughout Ohio, is intended to assist individuals and organizations in developing college tech prep programs that will prepare students from secondary through…

  19. Assessing Culturally Competent Scholarship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendias, Elnora P.; Guevara, Edilma B.

    2001-01-01

    Eight criteria for culturally competent scholarship (contextuality, relevance, communication styles, awareness of identity and power differences, disclosure, reciprocation, empowerment, time) were applied to an international education/research nursing program. Appropriate measures for each were developed and ways to improve the program were…

  20. Mutational Analysis and Membrane Topology of ComP, a Quorum-Sensing Histidine Kinase of Bacillus subtilis Controlling Competence Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    FLAVIA PIAZZA; PABLO TORTOSA; DAVID DUBNAU

    1999-01-01

    ComP is a sensor histidine kinase of Bacillus subtilis required for the signal transduction pathway that initiates the development of competence for genetic transformation. It is believed that ComP senses the presence of ComX, a modified extracellular peptide pheromone, and donates a phosphate to ComA, thereby activating this transcription factor for binding to the srfA promoter. In the present study,