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1

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

2

Choosing Between Competing Design Ideals in Information Systems Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whenever information systems are developed, they serve some interests at the expense of others. Just what those interests are and who possesses them need to be understood and debated as they involve value judgments. This paper contends that advice concerning the design of information systems must not be limited to technical design, but should also address what is good or

Heinz K. Klein; Rudy Hirschheim

2001-01-01

3

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

4

A Review of Informal Learning Literature, Theory and Implications for Practice in Developing Global Professional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informal learning's roots emerged from educational philosophers John Dewey, Kurt Lewin and Mary Parker Follett to theorists Malcolm Knowles and other successive researchers. This paper explores the background and definitions of informal learning and applications to the global workplace. Informal learning's challenges are applied to developing

Conlon, Thomas J.

2004-01-01

5

Competing institutional logics and sustainable development: the case of geographic information systems in Brazil's Amazon region  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the possibilities that information and communication technology (ICT) provides for the achievement of environmental sustainable development – one of the key millennium development goals (MDGs). We base our paper on primary and secondary empirical data pertaining to the history of the governance of the Brazilian Amazon and the role of geographic information systems (GISs) in the region.

Niall Hayes; Raoni Rajão

2011-01-01

6

Collaborating with Librarians to Develop Lower Division Political Science Students' Information Literacy Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies suggest that course-integrated information literacy instruction is an effective way to enhance the quality of student research. However, many political science professors are unfamiliar with the growing information literacy movement in higher education today, with strategies for integrating information literacy into their courses and…

Stevens, Christy R.; Campbell, Patricia J.

2008-01-01

7

Promoting Information Competency in Biological Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article contains a variety of activities to help improve the information competency skills of biological psychology students. These skills allow students to identify appropiate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically.

Laura Freberg, Gayle Brosnan-Watters (California Polytechnic State University, Slippery Rock University; )

2005-05-17

8

Using competences and competence tools in workforce development.  

PubMed

The NHS Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) has been a driving force in the move to competence-based workforce development in the NHS. Skills for Health has developed national workforce competences that aim to improve behavioural performance, and in turn increase productivity. This article describes five projects established to test Skills for Health national workforce competences, electronic tools and products in different settings in the NHS. Competences and competence tools were used to redesign services, develop job roles, identify skills gaps and develop learning programmes. Reported benefits of the projects included increased clarity and a structured, consistent and standardized approach to workforce development. Findings from the evaluation of the tools were positive in terms of their overall usefulness and provision of related training/support. Reported constraints of using the competences and tools included issues relating to their availability, content and organization. It is recognized that a highly skilled and flexible workforce is important to the delivery of high-quality health care. These projects suggest that Skills for Health competences can be used as a 'common currency' in workforce development in the UK health sector. This would support the need to adapt rapidly to changing service needs. PMID:21072016

Green, Tess; Dickerson, Claire; Blass, Eddie

9

Development and validation of a child health workforce competence framework.  

PubMed

Providing high quality, effective services is fundamental to the delivery of key health outcomes for children and young people. This requires a competent workforce. This paper reports on the development of a validated competence framework tool for the children and young people's health workforce. The framework brings together policy, strategic agendas and existing workforce competences. The framework will contribute to the improvement of children's physical and mental wellbeing by identifying competences required to provide proactive services that respond to children and young people with acute, continuing and complex needs. It details five core competences for the workforce, the functions that underpin them and levels of competence required to deliver a particular service. The framework will be of value to commissioners to inform contracting, to providers to ensure services are delivered by a workforce with relevant competences to meet identified needs, and to the workforce to assess existing capabilities and identify gaps in competence. PMID:21667711

Smith, Lynda; Hawkins, Jean; McCrum, Anita

2011-05-01

10

Developing intercultural competence through videogames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective intercultural collaboration requires intercultural competence. Intercultural competence involves awareness of the differences between cultures, knowledge about the beliefs, values, and practices of other cultures, and the skill to apply that knowledge effortlessly and effectively in interpersonal interactions. Acquiring intercultural competence can involve intensive study of the target culture, as well as immersion in social milieu of the target culture.

W. Lewis Johnson

2009-01-01

11

Promoting Information Competency in Biological Psychology  

PubMed Central

Information competency refers to skills that allow a student to identify appropriate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically. Although the sudden increase of information available in electronic form has stimulated interest in information competency, the basic principles apply to all sources of information, including print. Information competency is especially critical in biological psychology. New discoveries in the neurosciences are featured every day by the mainstream media. As a society, we are being asked to make informed decisions about increasingly complex concepts, as in the case of the recent California proposition regarding stem cell research. Ideally, our students will become community leaders who will help shape these and other policy decisions, but the assumption of this role requires skills that extend long after the completion of a particular course or degree. Because of the perceived complexity of biological psychology, students new to the discipline may be reluctant to venture out into the experimental literature. A variety of activities are presented here that will build student confidence and shape information competency. Although these exercises can be used in a variety of disciplines, they are particularly well suited to biological psychology. The various exercises lend themselves to different levels of student expertise. Many of the exercises are quite appropriate for all levels and abilities, including graduate level students. As a bonus, these activities involve students in writing about biological psychology, providing a foundation for the writing of formal term papers or research reports. PMID:23492841

Freberg, Laura A.; Brosnan-Watters, Gayle

2005-01-01

12

Developing a Framework for Communication Management Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a hierarchical needs assessment model developed by Hunt we identified the essential competencies of communication management practitioners for the purpose of curriculum development and selection. We found that the underlying values of the profession were embodied in two superordinate goals. Six major competencies were identified, which were…

Jeffrey, Lynn Maud; Brunton, Margaret Ann

2011-01-01

13

Developing the Intercultural Competence of Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need to…

Dimitrov, Nanda; Dawson, Debra L.; Olsen, Karyn C.; Meadows, Ken N.

2014-01-01

14

Developing gerontological competency: a curriculum approach.  

PubMed

This study describes a competency-based educational approach to course development, implementation, and evaluation. The course model is presented, including its philosophical base. The authors hypothesized that student participation in a competency-based graduate gerontology course would increase their perceived competency level. Results indicate that students (N?=?74 students; 2008-2011) rated their competency skill level as higher at posttest than at the pretest (paired t-tests, p < .01), as measured by the Geriatric Social Work Competency Scale II. In addition, pretest/posttest results on the Myths of Aging checklist and Expectations Regarding Aging survey supported increases of perceived knowledge of older adults at posttest (p < .01). This project illustrates the benefits of organizing and implementing competency-based curriculum so that students are better prepared to work with older adults when they graduate. PMID:23701513

Galambos, Colleen; Curl, Angela

2013-01-01

15

INFORMATION COMPETENCE PROGRAM Loyola College and College of Notre Dame  

E-print Network

to critical thinking and decision-making and, therefore, to leadership, we are committed to collaborating with faculty to foster skills of critical thinking and competent retrieval and use of information in order information. Skills and concepts are developed through critical thinking and problem-solving activities which

Morrell, Christopher H.

16

Handwriting Development, Competency, and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Failure to attain handwriting competency during the school-age years often has far-reaching negative effects on both academic success and self-esteem. This complex occupational task has many underlying component skills that may interfere with handwriting performance. Fine motor control, bilateral and visual-motor integration, motor planning,…

Feder, Katya P.; Majnemer, Annette

2007-01-01

17

Developing Culturally Competent Family Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates several key cultural perspectives that must be considered in order to overcome communication barriers when providing culturally competent family services. Describes the challenges encountered by Hmong and other Southeast Asian families at a parent center. Presents an account of a Hmong father's experiences seeking care for his child…

Farrar, Amy; Xiong, Dao

1999-01-01

18

Developing a skills-based competency course.  

PubMed

Skills-based competency programs evaluate whether participants can demonstrate knowledge, skills, and professional behaviors associated with a skill in a simulated or actual clinical setting. Critical elements for program development include accurate and precise outcome statements that delineate the skill to be performed and valid and reliable evaluation criteria that identify the critical behaviors necessary for safe and competent performance. PMID:23181403

Chappell, Kathy; Koithan, Mary

2012-12-01

19

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

20

Competing Informed Principals and Representative Democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the welfare implications of politicians who assume either the role of delegates or trustees in a representative democracy. We identify conditions under which the latter is preferable to the former. In this model, voters are unin- formed about the value of a policy-relevant state. Two informed politicians compete for votes by committing to state-contingent policy platforms that

Helena Ateny

21

Transmigrant families: intercultural and bilingual competences development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish–German trans?migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical?narrative approach, we reconstruct the families’ migratory phases, emphasising shifting parental discourses on bilingual practices and intercultural competences in the home.

Eva M González Barea; Esther Marquez Lepe; Francisca Ruiz Garzón; M Teresa Pozo Llorente; Gunther Dietz

2010-01-01

22

Social Justice Competencies and Career Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent focus on social justice issues in career development is primarily conceptual in nature and few resources account for the challenges or successes experienced by career development practitioners. The purpose of this article is to report the results of a research study of career practitioners in Canada regarding the competencies they use…

Arthur, Nancy; Collins, Sandra; Marshall, Catherine; McMahon, Mary

2013-01-01

23

Competency Analysis for Human Resource Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Associate Diploma in Training and Development program at the South Australian College of Advanced Education, all students undertake an initial unit of study entitled "Competency Analysis for Human Resource Developers." The unit is structured into sections dealing with study hints and essay writing, characteristics of human resource…

Geering, Adrian D.

24

Impact of Placement Type on the Development of Clinical Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Speech-language pathology students gain experience and clinical competency through clinical education placements. However, currently little empirical information exists regarding how competency develops. Existing research about the effectiveness of placement types and models in developing competency is generally descriptive and based…

Sheepway, Lyndal; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

2014-01-01

25

Developing competencies for pediatric hospice and palliative medicine.  

PubMed

In 2006, hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) became an officially recognized subspecialty. This designation helped initiate the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education Outcomes Project in HPM. As part of this process, a group of expert clinician-educators in HPM defined the initial competency-based outcomes for HPM fellows (General HPM Competencies). Concurrently, these experts recognized and acknowledged that additional expertise in pediatric HPM would ensure that the competencies for pediatric HPM were optimally represented. To fill this gap, a group of pediatric HPM experts used a product development method to define specific Pediatric HPM Competencies. This article describes the development process. With the ongoing evolution of HPM, these competencies will evolve. As part of the Next Accreditation System, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education uses milestones as a framework to better define competency-based, measurable outcomes for trainees. Currently, there are no milestones specific to HPM, although the field is designing curricular milestones with multispecialty involvement, including pediatrics. These competencies are the conceptual framework for the pediatric content in the HPM milestones. They are specific to the pediatric HPM subspecialist and should be integrated into the training of pediatric HPM subspecialists. They will serve a foundational role in HPM and should inform a wide range of emerging innovations, including the next evolution of HPM Competencies, development of HPM curricular milestones, and training of adult HPM and other pediatric subspecialists. They may also inform pediatric HPM outcome measures, as well as standards of practice and performance for pediatric HPM interdisciplinary teams. PMID:25404726

Klick, Jeffrey C; Friebert, Sarah; Hutton, Nancy; Osenga, Kaci; Pituch, Kenneth J; Vesel, Tamara; Weidner, Norbert; Block, Susan D; Morrison, Laura J

2014-12-01

26

Constructive Development and Counselor Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental predictors of students' ability to learn counseling skills would help counselor educators select candidates and assist admitted students in their learning. The present research examined the relationship between adult development, as measured by the Learning Environment Preferences test (W. S. Moore, 1989) and the Defining Issues…

Eriksen, Karen P.; McAuliffe, Garrett J.

2006-01-01

27

Transmigrant Families: Intercultural and Bilingual Competences Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish-German trans-migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical-narrative approach, we reconstruct…

Gonzalez Barea, Eva Ma.; Garcia-Cano Torrico, Maria; Marquez Lepe, Esther; Ruiz Garzon, Francisca; Pozo Llorente, Ma. Teresa; Dietz, Gunther

2010-01-01

28

Metacognition and the Development of Intercultural Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that metacognition is a critical component in the development of intercultural competence by highlighting the importance of supporting a learner's self- assessment, self-monitoring, predictive, planning, and reflection skills. We also survey several modern immersive cultural learning environments and discuss the role intelligent tutoring and experience management techniques can play to support these metacognitive demands. Techniques for adapting the

2007-01-01

29

Developing Intercultural Competencies in a PBL Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the influences of international programs in a problem based, project and group work organized learning (PBL) environment on the development of intercultural competencies. Based on the discussion of the positive effects as well as the observed barriers in the educational practice of international programs, this paper suggests that PBL can be a good example of a supportive

Xiangyun Du; Carsten Jahn Hansen

30

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.7: Information Center/Clearinghouse Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an information center/clearinghouse. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information center professionals perform: acquisitions; thesaurus development and control; indexing/abstracting;…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

31

Involvement, competencies, gender and food health information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the role of gender, food health involvement, and food health information competency in predicting consumer food health information seeking. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual model for predicting consumer food health information seeking is proposed. The predicting constructs are general food health involvement, general food health competency, product-specific health involvement, and

Torben Hansen; Heidi Boye; Thyra Uth Thomsen

2010-01-01

32

Informal Workplace Learning: An Exploration of Age Differences in Learning Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informal learning is becoming a standard format in companies' training and development (T&D) activities. It requires a specific learning competence comprising cognitive, metacognitive, and motivational dimensions. In the present study, it was investigated whether learning-competence variables predict success in informal learning. Given the ageing…

Schulz, Melanie; Rosznagel, Christian Stamov

2010-01-01

33

Development and Evaluation of the Teamwork Competencies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the subject that aims to develop the student's teamwork competencies which is one of the most important ability as an engineer, the appraisal method was investigated. Almost all the team activities were evaluated, and correlations with that result and the peer evaluation, the self-evaluation and the team peer evaluation were examined. It was found that the correlation between the quality of the team activities and the team peer evaluation which is evaluated by other team members is highest.

Furukawa, Tetsuro; Matsuishi, Masakatu; Matsumoto, Shigeo; Takemata, Kazuya; Yamakawa, Taketo

34

Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new and promising area of research has recently emerged in the field of career development: career competencies. The present article provides a framework of career competencies that integrates several perspectives from the literature. The framework distinguishes between reflective, communicative, and behavioral career competencies. Six career…

Akkermans, Jos; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Huibers, Marthe; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2013-01-01

35

Development of intercultural competence among US American teachers: professional development factors that enhance competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing diversity of the student age population in the USA calls for increased cultural competence on behalf of educators to effectively teach students. This article reports on a study of a suburban school district’s initiatives that utilized the Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) as a baseline measurement tool, and subsequent professional development for teachers,

Joan G. DeJaeghere; Yongling Zhang

2008-01-01

36

Survival in Transition or Implementing Information Science Core Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies and examines four information science core competencies of the Du Pont Corporation's information science services: ability to conceptualize information; knowledge of internal and external information resources; understanding of information resource management; and ability to synthesize and tailor information. Describes the…

Nichols, Margaret T.; And Others

1996-01-01

37

Development of Intercultural Competence among US American Teachers: Professional Development Factors that Enhance Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing diversity of the student age population in the USA calls for increased cultural competence on behalf of educators to effectively teach students. This article reports on a study of a suburban school district's initiatives that utilized the Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI)…

DeJaeghere, Joan G.; Zhang, Yongling

2008-01-01

38

National Occupational Competency Testing Institute Bulletin of Information for Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin describes the National Occupational Competency Testing Program, which is designed to give experienced craftsmen objective evidence of their competency in order (1) to obtain academic credit toward a degree, (2) to gain certification as an industrial teacher, or (3) to enroll in an industrial teacher education program. Information is…

National Occupational Competency Testing Inst., Albany, NY.

39

A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for the…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

40

A Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the major issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The article summarizes a brief literature review on how competency models can be developed and implemented to improve employee performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized…

Gangani, Noordeen; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2006-01-01

41

Core competencies for information professionals of Thai academic libraries in the next decade (A.D. 2010–2019)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aimed to develop core competencies framework for information professionals of Thai academic libraries in the next decade (2010–2019). The study consisted of two phases, Phase 1- the study of opinions about the roles of Thai academic libraries and information professionals in the next decade (Tanloet & Tuamsuk, 2011) and Phase 2- the development of core competencies framework conducted

Piyasuda Tanloet; Kulthida Tuamsuk

2011-01-01

42

Learning processes of students in competence-based pre-vocational secondary education: relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n=719; 14 schools). Students? preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires. Conceptual knowledge was investigated by having students create concept maps before and after a learning project. Structural

M. Koopman; Brok den P; D. Beijaard; P. Teune

2011-01-01

43

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

44

Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2011-01-01

45

Development of Students' Intercultural Competence at the Tertiary Level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research deals with the development of students ' intercultural competence as an integrative part of English for Special Purposes (ESP) competen ce. The aim of the research is to develop tourism students' intercultural competence in ESP s tudies. The target study group consists of nine students of the Faculty of International Tourism of the School of Business Administration Turiba

Ineta Luka

2007-01-01

46

The Measure of Adolescent Heterosocial Competence: Development and Initial Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed and began construct validation of the Measure of Adolescent Heterosocial Competence (MAHC), a self-report instrument assessing the ability to negotiate effectively a range of challenging other-sex social interactions. Development followed the Goldfried and D'Zurilla (1969) behavioral-analytic model for assessing competence.…

Grover, Rachel L.; Nangle, Douglas W.; Zeff, Karen R.

2005-01-01

47

Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

Byrd, Terry Anthony

2001-01-01

48

The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

2010-01-01

49

Beyond information retrieval and electronic health record use: competencies in clinical informatics for medical education  

PubMed Central

Physicians in the 21st century will increasingly interact in diverse ways with information systems, requiring competence in many aspects of clinical informatics. In recent years, many medical school curricula have added content in information retrieval (search) and basic use of the electronic health record. However, this omits the growing number of other ways that physicians are interacting with information that includes activities such as clinical decision support, quality measurement and improvement, personal health records, telemedicine, and personalized medicine. We describe a process whereby six faculty members representing different perspectives came together to define competencies in clinical informatics for a curriculum transformation process occurring at Oregon Health & Science University. From the broad competencies, we also developed specific learning objectives and milestones, an implementation schedule, and mapping to general competency domains. We present our work to encourage debate and refinement as well as facilitate evaluation in this area. PMID:25057246

Hersh, William R; Gorman, Paul N; Biagioli, Frances E; Mohan, Vishnu; Gold, Jeffrey A; Mejicano, George C

2014-01-01

50

Developing physician-leaders: key competencies and available programs.  

PubMed

Because effective leadership is critical to organizational success, frontrunner organizations cultivate leaders for bench depth and pipeline development. The many challenges in healthcare today create a special need for great leadership. This paper reviews the leadership competencies needed by physician-leaders and current experience with developing physician-leaders in healthcare institution-sponsored programs. On the basis of this review, six key leadership competency domains are proposed: 1. technical skills and knowledge (regarding operational, financial, and information systems, human resources, and strategic planning), 2. industry knowledge (e.g., regarding clinical processes, regulation, and healthcare trends), 3. problem-solving skills, 4. emotional intelligence, 5. communication, and 6. a commitment to lifelong learning. Review of current experience indicates that, in addition to leadership training through degree and certificate-granting programs (e.g., by universities and/or official medical societies), healthcare institutions themselves are developing intramural programs to cultivate physician-leaders. Greater attention is needed to assessing the impact and effectiveness of such programs in developing leaders and benefiting organizational outcomes. PMID:19655634

Stoller, James K

2008-01-01

51

Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists  

PubMed Central

Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide postgraduate courses that are designed to meet the needs of professionals working in medicines development. A working group was formed within IFAPP including representatives from PharmaTrain, academic institutions and national member associations, with special interest and experience on Quality Improvement through education. The objectives were: to define a set of core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists, to be summarized in a Statement of Competence and to benchmark and align these identified core competencies with the Learning Outcomes (LO) of the PharmaTrain Base Course. The objectives were successfully achieved. Seven domains and 60 core competencies were identified and aligned accordingly. The effective implementation of training programs using the competencies or the PharmaTrain LO anywhere in the world may transform the drug development process to an efficient and integrated process for better and safer medicines. The PharmaTrain Base Course might provide the cognitive framework to achieve the desired Statement of Competence for Pharmaceutical Physicians and Drug Development Scientists worldwide. PMID:23986704

Silva, Honorio; Stonier, Peter; Buhler, Fritz; Deslypere, Jean-Paul; Criscuolo, Domenico; Nell, Gerfried; Massud, Joao; Geary, Stewart; Schenk, Johanna; Kerpel-Fronius, Sandor; Koski, Greg; Clemens, Norbert; Klingmann, Ingrid; Kesselring, Gustavo; van Olden, Rudolf; Dubois, Dominique

2013-01-01

52

Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists.  

PubMed

Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide postgraduate courses that are designed to meet the needs of professionals working in medicines development. A working group was formed within IFAPP including representatives from PharmaTrain, academic institutions and national member associations, with special interest and experience on Quality Improvement through education. The objectives were: to define a set of core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists, to be summarized in a Statement of Competence and to benchmark and align these identified core competencies with the Learning Outcomes (LO) of the PharmaTrain Base Course. The objectives were successfully achieved. Seven domains and 60 core competencies were identified and aligned accordingly. The effective implementation of training programs using the competencies or the PharmaTrain LO anywhere in the world may transform the drug development process to an efficient and integrated process for better and safer medicines. The PharmaTrain Base Course might provide the cognitive framework to achieve the desired Statement of Competence for Pharmaceutical Physicians and Drug Development Scientists worldwide. PMID:23986704

Silva, Honorio; Stonier, Peter; Buhler, Fritz; Deslypere, Jean-Paul; Criscuolo, Domenico; Nell, Gerfried; Massud, Joao; Geary, Stewart; Schenk, Johanna; Kerpel-Fronius, Sandor; Koski, Greg; Clemens, Norbert; Klingmann, Ingrid; Kesselring, Gustavo; van Olden, Rudolf; Dubois, Dominique

2013-01-01

53

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

54

Developing Intercultural Competence in Europe: The Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anti-racism has not played a prominent role in recent major European Union Lifelong Learning strategies. Nevertheless, its importance in Europe with increasing levels of migration has kept the concept, in the form of intercultural competence and intercultural dialogue, alive within European Education and Culture policy. This article traces the use…

Hoskins, Bryony; Sallah, Momodou

2011-01-01

55

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competencies in Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed impact of training undergraduates in multicultural counseling competencies. When compared with a control group of students in a psychology of personality course (n=20), repeated measures analyses of variance confirmed that multicultural counseling trainees (n=21) significantly increased levels of multicultural counseling awareness and…

Estrada, Ana Ulloa; Durlak, Joseph A.; Juarez, Scott C.

2002-01-01

56

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.12: Library System Supplier Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in a library system supplier organization. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals working in such organizations perform: research and development; marketing; customer support;…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

57

The Development and Test of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the demand for increased accountability within the university classroom, there have been calls for a new generation of rubrics that effectively assess students' competence in several areas, including public speaking. This article describes the development, test, and factor analyses of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric (PSCR), an…

Schreiber, Lisa M.; Paul, Gregory D.; Shibley, Lisa R.

2012-01-01

58

Development and Validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI); a 43-item measure to assess career competencies (CCs). Following an extensive literature review, a comprehensive item generation process involving consultation with subject matter experts, a pilot study and a factor analytic study on a large sample…

Francis-Smythe, Jan; Haase, Sandra; Thomas, Erica; Steele, Catherine

2013-01-01

59

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

60

Development and Validation of the Educational Technologist Multimedia Competency Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to identify the multimedia competencies of an educational technologist by creating a valid and reliable survey instrument to administer to educational technology professionals. The educational technology multimedia competency survey developed through this research is based on a conceptual framework that…

Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Martin, Florence

2014-01-01

61

Developing Intercultural Competence in Multilingual and Multicultural Student Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalization and intercultural competence are key issues in higher education institutions across the globe. In times of accelerating globalization, intercultural competence emerges as one of the most desirable graduate capabilities for those who are likely to work in international environments. This article focuses on the development of…

Krajewski, Sabine

2011-01-01

62

Sense of competence questionnaire among informal caregivers of older adults with dementia symptoms: A psychometric evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Sense of Competence Questionnaire (SCQ) was originally developed for informal caregivers of patients with diagnosed dementia. In order to study the validity and usefulness of the SCQ when applied to informal caregivers of older adults with dementia symptoms (i.e. cognitive impairment, pre-diagnostic dementia or dementia in its early stages), we investigated the construct validity, feasibility, subscales, homogeneity, and

Aaltje PD Jansen; Hein PJ van Hout; Harm WJ van Marwijk; Giel Nijpels; Chad Gundy; Myrra JFJ Vernooij-Dassen; Henrica CW de Vet; François G Schellevis; Wim AB Stalman

2007-01-01

63

Evolution of an Information Competency Requirement for Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University at Buffalo undergraduate students are required to complete a non-credit-bearing information competency assessment prior to graduation, preferably within their first year of study. Called the "Library Skills Workbook," this assessment has evolved from a short, print-based quiz into a sophisticated, multi-module tutorial and assessment on…

Walsh, Tiffany R.

2011-01-01

64

Competence and scope of practice: ethics and professional development.  

PubMed

In this article, I discuss the importance of the psychotherapist's capacities and attributes that go beyond formal education and training as they relate to both readiness for clinical training and continued competence throughout one's professional life. Professional development is essential to the maintenance of professional competence as a psychotherapist. Principles and standards from the American Psychological Association's (2002) Ethics Code are reviewed and illustrated with clinical vignettes. In striving to maintain competence, psychotherapists are strongly encouraged to focus on proactive self-care and professional development in addition to complying with the formal continuing education mandated by most states. PMID:18384117

Wise, Erica H

2008-05-01

65

Discovery of novel peptides regulating competence development in Streptococcus mutans.  

PubMed

A MarR-like transcriptional repressor (RcrR) and two predicted ABC efflux pumps (RcrPQ) encoded by a single operon were recently shown to be dominant regulators of stress tolerance and development of genetic competence in the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans. Here, we focused on polar (?rcrR-P) and nonpolar (?rcrR-NP) rcrR mutants, which are hyper- and nontransformable, respectively, to dissect the mechanisms by which these mutations impact competence. We discovered two open reading frames (ORFs) in the 3' end of the rcrQ gene that encode peptides of 27 and 42 amino acids (aa) which are also dramatically upregulated in the ?rcrR-NP strain. Deletion of, or start codon mutations in, the ORFs for the peptides in the ?rcrR-NP background restored competence and sensitivity to competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) to levels seen in the ?rcrR-P strain. Overexpression of the peptides adversely affected competence development. Importantly, overexpression of mutant derivatives of the ABC exporters that lacked the peptides also resulted in impaired competence. FLAG-tagged versions of the peptides could be detected in S. mutans, and FLAG tagging of the peptides impaired their function. The competence phenotypes associated with the various mutations, and with overexpression of the peptides and ABC transporters, were correlated with the levels of ComX protein in cells. Collectively, these studies revealed multiple novel mechanisms for regulation of competence development by the components of the rcrRPQ operon. Given their intimate role in competence and stress tolerance, the rcrRPQ-encoded peptides may prove to be useful targets for therapeutics to diminish the virulence of S. mutans. PMID:25135217

Ahn, Sang-Joon; Kaspar, Justin; Kim, Jeong Nam; Seaton, Kinda; Burne, Robert A

2014-11-01

66

SOCIAL SOFTWARE FOR LIFELONG COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Social Software for Lifelong Competence  

E-print Network

membership (in a class, a working group, a team or a division). Social software will change the traditionalSOCIAL SOFTWARE FOR LIFELONG COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Social Software. This contribution analyzes the potential of social software tools for providing part of the required functionality

Olmedilla, Daniel

67

Reproductive competence: a recurrent logic module in eukaryotic development  

PubMed Central

Developmental competence is the ability to differentiate in response to an appropriate stimulus, as first elaborated by Waddington in relation to organs and tissues. Competence thresholds operate at all levels of biological systems from the molecular (e.g. the cell cycle) to the ontological (e.g. metamorphosis and reproduction). Reproductive competence, an organismal process, is well studied in mammals (sexual maturity) and plants (vegetative phase change), though far less than later stages of terminal differentiation. The phenomenon has also been documented in multiple species of multicellular fungi, mostly in early, disparate literature, providing a clear example of physiological differentiation in the absence of morphological change. This review brings together data on reproductive competence in Ascomycete fungi, particularly the model filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, contrasting mechanisms within Unikonts and plants. We posit reproductive competence is an elementary logic module necessary for coordinated development of multicellular organisms or functional units. This includes unitary multicellular life as well as colonial species both unicellular and multicellular (e.g. social insects such as ants). We discuss adaptive hypotheses for developmental and reproductive competence systems and suggest experimental work to address the evolutionary origins, generality and genetic basis of competence in the fungal kingdom. PMID:23864594

Noble, Luke M.; Andrianopoulos, Alex

2013-01-01

68

Issues in the Implementation of an Information-Gathering Competency Requirement in Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and design of an undergraduate course which utilized a marketing principles class to teach students information gathering techniques as part of a college wide competency requirement. The materials and procedures used, roles of instructors and librarians in the course, and evaluation of the project are discussed. (CLB)

Jacobson, Frances F.

1987-01-01

69

Upgrading of the Information and Communication Competence of Instructors in the Environment of an Internet Conference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the competence of Russian college and university instructors in the use of information and communication technologies shows that it can be improved through the use of online conferences if training is provided in advance. Russian education needs to devote more resources to developing this use of technology. (Contains 5 figures and 1…

Laletin, V. A.; Stolbova, I. D.; Stolbov, O. V.

2012-01-01

70

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

71

Development of an interprofessional competency model for healthcare leadership.  

PubMed

During the past decade, there has been a growing interest in competency-based performance systems for enhancing both individual and organizational performance in health professions education and the varied healthcare industry sectors. In 2003, the Institute of Medicine's report Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality called for a core set of competencies across the professions to ultimately improve the quality of healthcare in the United States. This article reviews the processes and outcomes associated with the development of the Health Leadership Competency Model (HLCM), an evidence-based and behaviorally focused approach for evaluating leadership skills across the professions, including health management, medicine, and nursing, and across career stages. The HLCM was developed from extensive academic research and widespread application outside healthcare. Early development included behavioral event interviewing, psychometric analysis, and cross-industry sector benchmarking. Application to healthcare was supported by additional literature review, practice analysis, expert panel inputs, and pilot-testing surveys. The model addresses three overarching domains subsuming 26 behavioral and technical competencies. Each competency is composed of prescriptive behavioral indicators, or levels, for development and assessment as individuals progress through their careers from entry-level to mid-level and advanced stages of lifelong development. The model supports identification of opportunities for leadership improvement in both academic and practice settings. PMID:19070333

Calhoun, Judith G; Dollett, Lorayne; Sinioris, Marie E; Wainio, Joyce Anne; Butler, Peter W; Griffith, John R; Warden, Gail L

2008-01-01

72

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

73

Developing U.S. teachers’ intercultural competence: Does professional development matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercultural competence is an important skill for K-12 educators to effectively teach a demographically changing population of young people. This paper builds on research that uses the Intercultural Development Inventory to assess change in intercultural competence among K-12 educators. This study aims to understand the extent of change in educators’ intercultural competence in an urban district that has implemented an

Joan G. DeJaeghere; Yi Cao

2009-01-01

74

The Development of Community Competence in the Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are expected to frequently collaborate within teacher communities in schools. This requires teacher education to prepare student teachers by developing the necessary community competence. The present study empirically investigates the extent to which teacher education programmes pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of…

Dobber, Marjolein; Vandyck, Inne; Akkerman, Sanne; Graaff, Rick de; Beishuizen, Jos; Pilot, Albert; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan

2013-01-01

75

Preventing "Information Overdose": Developing Information-Literate Practitioners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is vital for medical practice. Considerations for continuing education planners include (1) continuous development of informatics skills; (2) certification of information competence; (3) contextualization of information literacy skills; (4) convergence of technological and information literacy; and (5) collaboration through…

Candy, Philip C.

2000-01-01

76

Developing Intercultural Competencies during History Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to present some good practices for integrating Intercultural Education in History class. The activities presented in the article are developed during the ICTime course in Seixal, Portugal.

Costa, Vitor; Saial, Joaquim; Castro, Irene; Pita, Fátima

2009-01-01

77

Development of Competence in the Bacillus subtilis Transformation System  

PubMed Central

Competence in Bacillus subtilis, assayed by the ability of cells to be transformed with bacterial deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or transfected by phage DNA, has been shown to occur in a single semisynthetic medium with peak activity occurring 3 hr after the cessation of logarithmic growth. No step-down conditions or culture manipulations were necessary for routine transfection of 1% of the population. The results demonstrate that bacteriophage DNA is a valid assay for studying the development of competence in B. subtilis. Predictions of workers using transforming bacterial DNA, who have suggested that competence in B. subtilis is associated with a specific phase of growth, are substantiated. The peak of competence is not affected by marked differences in the rate of growth during the logarithmic phase. The effect on development of competence by this procedure of some components (including casein hydrolysate, tryptophan, and histidine) which were routinely included in the transformation medium by other investigators has been determined by use of infectious phage DNA as an assay. We have demonstrated that tryptophan, as well as histidine, increases the transformation frequency—even in strains which do not have auxotrophic demands for these components. Glutamic acid and alanine depress optimal levels of transfection. PMID:4962301

Bott, Kenneth F.; Wilson, Gary A.

1967-01-01

78

The development of an online measure of therapist competence?  

PubMed Central

The topic of therapist training has been relatively neglected in the research literature. Similarly, the related issue of the measurement of the outcome of training, especially therapist competence, has been largely overlooked. Data supporting the effectiveness of various methods of clinician training and those providing estimates of the level of competence achieved by clinicians are scarce. Validated scalable methods for the measurement of clinician outcomes such as competence are required to evaluate both existing and new methods of training. This study focuses on the development and testing of an online measure (eMeasure) to assess therapists' applied knowledge of Enhanced Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT-E), a transdiagnostic evidence-supported treatment for the full range of eating disorders. The eMeasure meets the stringent requirements of the Rasch model and has three equivalent versions making it suitable for repeat testing of trainees in outcome studies. Preliminary best cut points to distinguish between those who are competent and those who are not are identified. While the present work focused on CBT-E, the method described may be used to develop and test other measures relating to therapist competence. PMID:25528502

Cooper, Zafra; Doll, Helen; Bailey-Straebler, Suzanne; Kluczniok, Dorothea; Murphy, Rebecca; O'Connor, Marianne E.; Fairburn, Christopher G.

2015-01-01

79

Development of a blended model of teaching and learning for nursing students on rostered placement to ensure competence in information and communication technology for professional practice in Ireland.  

PubMed

Experiences gained from delivering a Health Informatics for Nurses course in a school of nursing and midwifery in a university teaching hospital in Ireland suggest that Web-based courses may facilitate an enhanced understanding of course content. Nursing education must recognize the importance of information and communication technology in nursing to prepare the nursing and midwifery profession to embrace current advances in information and communication technology in healthcare in Ireland, and ultimately to benefit patient care. PMID:22592416

Creedon, Sile A; Cummins, Ann Maria

2012-05-01

80

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

81

DEVELOPING INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCIES DURING HISTORY CLASS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present some good practices for integrating Intercultural Education in History class. The activities presented in the article are developed during the ICTime course in Seixal, Portugal. In the case of Portugal the cultural identity of our country results from an amalgam of other cultures, who Portugal has contacted with, namely in the period

Vitor Costa; Joaquim Saial; Irene Castro; Fátima Pita

2009-01-01

82

Initial Development and Validation of the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale  

PubMed Central

The current project sought to develop the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale (MICS), which assesses group-specific skills and attributes that facilitate effective cultural interactions, among adults of Mexican descent. Study 1 involved an Exploratory Factor Analysis (N = 184) that identified five factors including Ambition/Perseverance, Networking, the Traditional Latino Culture, Family Relationships, and Communication. In Study 2, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis provided evidence for the 5-factor model for adults of Mexican origin living in the Midwest (N = 341) region of the U.S. The general findings are discussed in terms of a competence-based formulation of cultural adaptation and include theoretical and clinical implications. PMID:24058890

Torres, Lucas

2013-01-01

83

Initial Development and Validation of the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale.  

PubMed

The current project sought to develop the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale (MICS), which assesses group-specific skills and attributes that facilitate effective cultural interactions, among adults of Mexican descent. Study 1 involved an Exploratory Factor Analysis (N = 184) that identified five factors including Ambition/Perseverance, Networking, the Traditional Latino Culture, Family Relationships, and Communication. In Study 2, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis provided evidence for the 5-factor model for adults of Mexican origin living in the Midwest (N = 341) region of the U.S. The general findings are discussed in terms of a competence-based formulation of cultural adaptation and include theoretical and clinical implications. PMID:24058890

Torres, Lucas

2013-01-01

84

Competency Based Curriculum Development for Rural Secondary Schools in Alaska: A User's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of 18 months' work, this guide to developing and implementing a competency based curriculum for Alaska's North Slope Borough School District is designed to provide personnel in other rural Alaskan districts with information, materials, and planning procedures that can be replicated and/or adapted. Each portion of the North Slope project…

Evenson, Patricia O.

85

Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

2012-01-01

86

How to Develop PACs. Performance and Competency-based Student Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed for developing performance and competency-based student materials (PACs). The PAC, an instructional tool that focuses on helping students master a specific objective, lends itself to vocational instruction. The first nine sections of the guide, consisting of information to assist teachers in gathering background materials…

Rouse, Bill, Comp.

87

The Management Development Program: A Competency-Based Model for Preparing Hospitality Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The master of management program at Cornell University focused on competency-based development of skills for the hospitality industry through core courses, minicourses, skill benchmarking, and continuous improvement. Benefits include a shift in the teacher role to advocate/coach, increased information sharing, student satisfaction, and clear…

Brownell, Judi; Chung, Beth G.

2001-01-01

88

Developing Supply Chain Management Program: A Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into…

Sauber, Matthew H.; McSurely, Hugh B.; Tummala, V. M. Rao

2008-01-01

89

Generative Adaptation and Reuse of Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional engineering provides methods to conduct the design and adaptation of competence development programmes by the combination of diverse learning components (i.e. units of learning, learning activities, learning resources and learning services). It occurs through an established process workflow in which models with diverse levels of…

Dodero, Juan Manuel; Zarraonandia, Telmo; Fernandez, Camino; Diez, David

2007-01-01

90

Entrepreneurship Competencies for Vocational Curriculum Development. Instructor's Handbook. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is intended to assist vocational teachers and administrators in preparing vocational curricula that include materials for developing teacher- and business-identified entrepreneurship competencies. The handbook begins with a discussion of the need to infuse entrepreneurship education into all areas of vocational education. The next…

Palmieri, D. Frank; Vecchiola, Leonard C.

91

The Challenges in Developing VET Competencies in E-Commerce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A formative evaluation was begun of an innovative project funded by the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) to develop competencies and qualifications in e-commerce. The formative evaluation was designed to focus on inputs, processes, and interim outputs, identifying both good practice and areas for improvement. Findings to date…

Mitchell, John

92

Principles for Developing Competency-Based Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 US college/university policy agenda, "Making College Affordable: A Better Agenda for the Middle Class," highlighted the role of developing technologies, institutional curriculum-design processes, and new delivery methods as keys to providing quality, affordable postsecondary education. Competency-based education (CBE) is given…

Johnstone, Sally M.; Soares, Louis

2014-01-01

93

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based…

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

94

Developing Competence Frameworks in UK Healthcare: Lessons from Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the use of competence frameworks in the UK healthcare sector and to explore characteristics of the sector that may influence the success of projects to develop new frameworks. Design/methodology/approach: The paper draws on project reports and evaluations of practice in a range of recent projects…

Mitchell, Lindsay; Boak, George

2009-01-01

95

Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-ba sed learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2006-01-01

96

Developing a Competency-Based Curriculum for a Dental Hygiene Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the three-step process used to develop a competency-based curriculum at the Caruth School of Dental Hygiene (Texas A&M University). The process involved development of a competency document (detailing three domains, nine major competencies, and 54 supporting competencies), an evaluation plan, and a curriculum inventory which defined the…

DeWald, Janice P.; McCann, Ann L.

1999-01-01

97

Development and Initial Validation of the Multicultural Competence Change Scale for Psychology Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, maintenance, and integration of multicultural competence into all aspects of psychologists' work is critical to ethical practice in an increasingly diverse society. Measurement of multicultural competency is critical to investigating the development of multicultural competence and the effectiveness of multicultural competency

Caban, Alisia Rose

2010-01-01

98

Development of the essential genetic and genomic competencies for nurses with graduate degrees.  

PubMed

Scientific advances in genetics and genomics are rapidly redefining our understanding of health and illness and creating a significant shift in practice for all health care disciplines. Nurses educated at the graduate level are well-prepared to assume clinical and leadership roles in health care systems and must also be prepared to assume similar roles related to genetic/genomic health care. This chapter describes the processes used to create a consensus document identifying the genetic/genomic competencies essential for nurses prepared at the graduate level. Three groups were involved in the competency development; a steering committee provided leadership and used qualitative methods to review and analyze pertinent source documents and create an initial competency draft; an advisory board evaluated and revised the draft, and a consensus panel refined and validated the final set of competencies. The concensus process resulted in 38 competencies organized under the following categories: risk assessment and interpretation; genetic education, counseling, testing and results interpretation; clinical management; ethical, legal, and social implications; professional role; leadership, and research. These competencies apply to all individuals functioning at the graduate level in nursing, including but not limited to advanced practice registered nurses, clinical nurse leaders, nurse educators, nurse administrators, and nurse scientists and are intended to inform and guide their practice. PMID:22891504

Greco, Karen E; Tinley, Susan; Seibert, Diane

2011-01-01

99

Do Higher Education Institutions Make a Difference in Competence Development? A Model of Competence Production at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a model of competence development required of graduates at work which suggests that universities make a difference when they add value to their students. They add value by ensuring that their modes of teaching and learning, and assessment positively enhance the competencies of their students which are important in the labor…

Salas Velasco, Manuel

2014-01-01

100

Professional Competence Development at the Cooper Union School of Engineering. Course Development and Course Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 3-year project was developed to increase students' abilities to perform competently as professional engineers. The project sought to infuse into existing courses concern for, practice with, and development of three competencies critical to professional success: problem-solving, communication, and value clarification. Eight elementary and…

Bussard, Ellen

101

Competence Development in the Public Sector: Development, or Dismantling of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular, competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing…

Hjort, Katrin

2008-01-01

102

Competence to Give Informed Consent to Research Participation in Persons with Schizophrenia and Related Psychosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade there has been escalating debate regarding the competency of patients with psychoses to give informed consent to participate in research. This debate has been made evermore complex by variations in the definition and evaluation of competency. Importantly, competency must meet both medical and legal standards, although the criteria for each of these are not always consistent

Vivienne Howe; Kellie Foister; Kym Jenkins; Nicholas Keks; Loane Skene; David Copolov

2003-01-01

103

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos  

PubMed Central

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

104

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos.  

PubMed

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother-offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B M

2013-11-01

105

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.10: Information Analysis Center Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an information analysis center. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals in such centers perform: acquisitions; indexing/abstracting; reference; information analysis research;…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

106

Does intercultural competence matter in intercultural business relationship development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines issues concerning the development of cross-border buyer–seller relationships between China and the UK. It reports initial findings on the association between “intercultural competence” and the quality of business relationships between business partners from these two countries. The quality of relationship was taken as a composite measure of previously established areas, i.e. trust, co-operation, commitment, adaptation, satisfaction and

Yuelu Huang; Charlotte Rayner; Lee Zhuang

2003-01-01

107

Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs—Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a summarization of the report, Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs, the final report for phase 2 of the SPSP (DOE workforce study) project.

O'Neil, Lori Ross; Assante, Michael; Tobey, D. H.; Conway, T. J.; Vanderhorst, Jr, T. J.; Januszewski, III, J.; Leo, R.; Perman, K.

2013-07-01

108

Developing a Tool to Assess Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization (KATOC): Reliability and Validity  

PubMed Central

Objective The justification of informed consent requires that a patient be provided with the information necessary for deciding treatment and able to use such information based on reasonable thinking. The clinical decision to consider anyone who has mental disorder as incompetence without objective assessment does not only encroach human rights of the persons with mental illness, but seriously prevent them from being recovered. Hence the objective assessment of competency is needed in mental health. Our study aimed to develop the Korean Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization and to analyze the reliability and validity of this tool. Methods Totally 98 patients with mental illness who were hospitalized in mental hospital, participated in this study. For the subjects a questionnaire composing of 22 questions of understanding, appreciation, reasoning and expression of a choice was used. To investigate validity of this tool, MMSE-K, insight test, estimated IQ, BPRS were conducted. Its reliability and usefulness were examined with Cronbach's alpha, ICC and ROC analysis respectively and criterion related validation performed. Results As results, this tool shows that agreement between raters is relatively high and the confirmatory factor analysis for constructive validation shows that the tool is valid. Also, for criterion related validation, estimated IQ, insight and MMSE are significantly correlated to understanding, appreciation and reasoning. However competence to express a choice did not show any significant correlation with criterion variables, nor showed BPRS any significant correlation with sub-competences. Conclusion Our study developed the Korean Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Admission Treatment in the Mentally Ill, verified the reliability and validity of the tool and analyzed the optimum cutoff to distinguish between competence and incompetence in sub-competences. Korean Assessment Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization (KATOC), analyzed the reliability and validity of this tool and presented the cutoff points by subarea. As a result, the reliability and validity of satisfactory levels were verified, the ROC analysis was implemented based on the clinical assessment and the cutoff points were found in understanding, appreciation, expression of a choice and reasoning. Such findings showed that the tool developed by researchers could be very favorably used in Korea. PMID:21519535

Seo, Mi Kyung; Kim, Seung Hyun

2011-01-01

109

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.11: Information Service Company Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an information service company. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals in such companies perform: project management; reference/analysis of secondary data; research, analysis,…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

110

Who Teaches Information Literacy Competencies? Report of a Study of Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is recognized as an essential competency for educational success. It relates to all disciplines but is not a separate discipline, so it is not clear who takes responsibility for teaching this competency to undergraduates. This is a report of a survey conducted to better understand the extent to which teaching information

Weiner, Sharon A.

2014-01-01

111

Developing a competency framework for U.S. state food and feed testing laboratory personnel.  

PubMed

A competency-based training curriculum framework for U.S. state food and feed testing laboratories personnel is being developed by the International Food Protection Training Institute (IFPTI) and three partners. The framework will help laboratories catalog existing training courses/modules, identify training gaps, inform training curricula, and create career-spanning professional development learning paths, ensuring consistent performance expectations and increasing confidence in shared test results. Ultimately, the framework will aid laboratories in meeting the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 (2005) international accreditation and the U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act (U.S. Public Law 111-353). In collaboration with the Association of Food and Drug Officials, the Association of Public Health Laboratories, and the Association of American Feed Control Officials, IFPTI is carrying out the project in two phases. In 2013, an expert panel of seven subject matter experts developed competency and curriculum frameworks for five professional levels (entry, mid-level, expert, supervisor/manager, and senior administration) across four competency domains (technical, communication, programmatic, and leadership) including approximately 80 competencies. In 2014 the expert panel will elicit feedback from peers and finalize the framework. PMID:25051623

Kaml, Craig; Weiss, Christopher C; Dezendorf, Paul; Ishida, Maria; Rice, Daniel H; Klein, Ron; Salfinger, Yvonne

2014-01-01

112

Counselor Development in the Process of Mastering Cultural Competence: A Study of Professional Growth Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grounded theory methodology was employed to explore the experiences of counseling professionals as they work to develop a higher level of cultural competence. Three key findings support the core theme, navigating change toward cultural competent practices: (1) environmental awareness; (2) dispositions toward the development in cultural competency

Wakefield, Marie A.

2012-01-01

113

Core Competencies: A Systems Approach for Training and Organizational Development in Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a rationale for developing core competencies for training and organizational development in extension. Core competencies are defined as "the basic knowledge, attitudes, skills, and observable behaviors that lead to excellence in the workplace." Competency-based models can be used to create an infrastructure that promotes…

Liles, Richard T.; Mustian, R. David

2004-01-01

114

Adult Education and Critical Identity Development: From a Deficiency Orientation towards a Competency Orientation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasis in adult education on qualifications and competence stigmatizes disadvantaged groups with a deficient identity. However, cultural studies indicate that people are competent developers of their own identities, who contribute to social life in a wide variety of contexts. (SK)

Jansen, Theo; Wildemeersch, Danny

1996-01-01

115

Developing nurse educator competency in the pedagogy of simulation.  

PubMed

Faculty development is needed for nurse educators to effectively use simulation as a learning tool. A synthesis of research evidence regarding current practices in preparing educators to use simulation provided a foundation for faculty development. Implementation of a two-pronged approach within a regional collaboration of four schools of nursing is described; results of the evaluation of the approaches are presented. Use of the National League for Nursing Core Competencies of Nurse Educators as the organizing framework and Roger's Diffusion of Innovations Model as the theoretical framework is discussed. An overview is provided of the two prongs: (a) a short course for novice educators, and (b) examples of continuing education programming for experienced faculty members new to simulation to enhance effective application of this pedagogy. Recommendations include designing faculty development for simulation within a framework for systems change, maintaining flexibility to meet diverse needs, and using existing online resources. PMID:23110325

McNeill, Jeanette; Parker, Ramona Ann; Nadeau, Julie; Pelayo, Lula W; Cook, Jennifer

2012-12-01

116

A Financial Aid Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of 30 competencies was distributed to 508 financial aid officers in the Western United States. Respondents were asked to rate 30 job competencies for their relative importance and frequency of use. Using exploratory factor analysis,…

Woolf, Neil; Martinez, Mario

2013-01-01

117

Developing a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non-formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues…

Sampson, Demetrios; Karampiperis, Pythagoras; Fytros, Demetrios

2007-01-01

118

Developing a common metadata model for competencies description  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non- formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues related with the definition of a common

Demetrios G. Sampson; Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Fytros

2007-01-01

119

A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

2012-12-01

120

Empathy development in adolescence predicts social competencies in adulthood.  

PubMed

This 23-year study explored the predictive associations between empathy development in adolescence and self-reported social competencies and outcomes in adulthood. Participants were 1,527 adults aged 35 years (48.3% female). The predictor variable (adolescent empathy) was measured yearly at the ages of 12 to 16 years. The outcome variables (adult empathy, communication skills, social integration, relationship satisfaction, and conflicts in relationships) were measured at the age of 35 years. Five important results stand out. First, longitudinal measurement invariance was established for the measure of adolescent empathy. Second, empathy tended to increase during the adolescent years. Third, significant interindividual differences in level and change of adolescent empathy were found. Fourth, gender was related to level of adolescent empathy, favoring girls over boys. Fifth, not only level but also change in adolescent empathy predicted individual differences in social competencies in adulthood two decades later. These findings demonstrate that developmental processes that are relevant for adjustment reveal long-term social consequences beyond the adolescent years. PMID:24684661

Allemand, Mathias; Steiger, Andrea E; Fend, Helmut A

2015-04-01

121

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

122

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

123

A Cube Model for Competency Development: Implications for Psychology Educators and Regulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a conceptual framework for training in professional psychology focused on the construct of competency. The authors present a 3-dimensional competency model delineating the domains of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that serve as the foundation required of all psychologists, the domains of functional competencies that broadly define what psychologists do, and the stages of professional development from

Emil Rodolfa; Russ Bent; Elena Eisman; Paul Nelson; Lynn Rehm; Pierre Ritchie

2005-01-01

124

Helping Amreica Compete: The Role of Federal Scientific & Technical Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared in response to a request from the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, this report assesses how scientific and technical information (STI) developed by or for the Federal Government can contribute to a more competitive United States and what actions are needed to realize this potential. It is argued that STI is important…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

125

How do a company's information technology competences influence its ability to innovate?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe research that explores how an organization's information technology (IT) competences influence its ability to innovate. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper draws on prior research to describe stages of the innovation process and to identify several IT competences that have been linked to innovation success. Then, examining innovation at three case study

Steven R. Gordon; Monideepa Tarafdar

2007-01-01

126

Integrating Soft Skill Competencies Through Project-based Learning Across the Information Systems Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary Information Systems graduates will be more marketable in the workplace upon graduation if they have combined competencies in both technical and soft skills: interpersonal communication, teamwork, time management, planning and organizational skills. Team and project-based learning can be used to incorporate soft skill competencies with technical skills. The authors have created instructional modules that take these factors into account.

Belle Woodward; Patricia Sendall; Wendy Ceccucci

2009-01-01

127

Evaluation of Career-Development Student Competencies and Career-Development Programs. A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography has as its focus the process of evaluating student competencies for career development, as well as the evaluation of career development programs. It is intended primarily for use in career development programs for grades K-12. Twenty-one citations from ERIC and other databases include project descriptions, evaluative reports,…

Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for Instructional Development and Services.

128

Health Information Literacy and Competencies of Information Age Students: Results From the Interactive Online Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA)  

PubMed Central

Background In an era of easy access to information, university students who will soon enter health professions need to develop their information competencies. The Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA) is based on the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education, and it measures proficiency in obtaining health information, evaluating the quality of health information, and understanding plagiarism. Objective This study aimed to measure the proficiency of college-age health information consumers in finding and evaluating electronic health information; to assess their ability to discriminate between peer-reviewed scholarly resources and opinion pieces or sales pitches; and to examine the extent to which they are aware of their level of health information competency. Methods An interactive 56-item online assessment, the Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA), was used to measure the health information competencies of university students. We invited 400 students to take part in the study, and 308 participated, giving a response rate of 77%. The RRSA included multiple-choice questions and problem-based exercises. Declarative and procedural knowledge were assessed in three domains: finding health information, evaluating health information, and understanding plagiarism. Actual performance was contrasted with self-reported skill level. Upon answering all questions, students received a results page that summarized their numerical results and displayed individually tailored feedback composed by an experienced librarian. Results Even though most students (89%) understood that a one-keyword search is likely to return too many documents, few students were able to narrow a search by using multiple search categories simultaneously or by employing Boolean operators. In addition, nearly half of the respondents had trouble discriminating between primary and secondary sources of information as well as between references to journal articles and other published documents. When presented with questionable websites on nonexistent nutritional supplements, only 50% of respondents were able to correctly identify the website with the most trustworthy features. Less than a quarter of study participants reached the correct conclusion that none of the websites made a good case for taking the nutritional supplements. Up to 45% of students were unsure if they needed to provide references for ideas expressed in paraphrased sentences or sentences whose structure they modified. Most respondents (84%) believed that their research skills were good, very good, or excellent. Students’ self-perceptions of skill tended to increase with increasing level of education. Self-reported skills were weakly correlated with actual skill level, operationalized as the overall RRSA score (Cronbach alpha = .78 for 56 RRSA items). Conclusions While the majority of students think that their research skills are good or excellent, many of them are unable to conduct advanced information searches, judge the trustworthiness of health-related websites and articles, and differentiate between various information sources. Students’ self-reports may not be an accurate predictor of their actual health information competencies. PMID:16867969

O’Boyle, Irene; Casey, Anne Marie

2006-01-01

129

The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): Development and Validation of a Self-Reported Measure that Fits Dimensions of Emotional Competence Theory  

PubMed Central

Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one’s own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals’ adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one’s own and others’ emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

Brasseur, Sophie; Grégoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moïra

2013-01-01

130

Competence-Related Metadata for Educational Resources that Support Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the 21st Century learning and training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects--as a…

Sampson, Demetrios G.

2009-01-01

131

The Interpersonal Competence Development Project: The Intersection of Theory and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Skill development exercises designed to promote the development of students' interpersonal competence have been the centerpiece of undergraduate interpersonal communication courses for decades. Research suggests that students develop interpersonal competence through exposure to and participation in skill development courses and activities. In…

Graham, Elizabeth E.; Mazer, Joseph P.

2011-01-01

132

Competences, Learning Theories and MOOCs: Recent Developments in Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our societies have come to be known as knowledge societies in which lifelong learning is becoming increasingly important. In this context, competences have become a much discussed topic. Many documents were published by international organisations (UNESCO, World Bank, European Commission) which enumerated 21st century key competences. The field of…

Steffens, Karl

2015-01-01

133

Bidirectional Associations among Sensitive Parenting, Language Development, and Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in language skills and social competence, both of which are linked to sensitive parenting, characterize early childhood. The present study examines bidirectional associations among mothers' sensitive parenting and children's language skills and social competence from 24 to 36?months in a community sample of 174 families. In…

Barnett, Melissa A.; Gustafsson, Hanna; Deng, Min; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Cox, Martha

2012-01-01

134

Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

2014-01-01

135

Improving Global Health Education: Development of a Global Health Competency Model  

PubMed Central

Although global health is a recommended content area for the future of education in public health, no standardized global health competency model existed for master-level public health students. Without such a competency model, academic institutions are challenged to ensure that students are able to demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) needed for successful performance in today's global health workforce. The Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH) sought to address this need by facilitating the development of a global health competency model through a multistage modified-Delphi process. Practitioners and academic global health experts provided leadership and guidance throughout the competency development process. The resulting product, the Global Health Competency Model 1.1, includes seven domains and 36 competencies. The Global Health Competency Model 1.1 provides a platform for engaging educators, students, and global health employers in discussion of the KSAs needed to improve human health on a global scale. PMID:24445206

Ablah, Elizabeth; Biberman, Dorothy A.; Weist, Elizabeth M.; Buekens, Pierre; Bentley, Margaret E.; Burke, Donald; Finnegan, John R.; Flahault, Antoine; Frenk, Julio; Gotsch, Audrey R.; Klag, Michael J.; Lopez, Mario Henry Rodriguez; Nasca, Philip; Shortell, Stephen; Spencer, Harrison C.

2014-01-01

136

The Integrated Personnel Development System: The Training and Development of Competent Firefighters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article enquires into the nature of an emergent continuous professional development (CPD) mechanism for firefighters in the form of an Integrated Personnel Development System (IPDS), which proposes to base future training for every rank in the service on the acquisition and demonstration of competence for role. IPDS is due to be introduced…

Moran, Peter; Starling, Paul

2005-01-01

137

A guide to developing a culturally competent organization.  

PubMed

The journey to organizational cultural competence for a health care organization, educational setting, freestanding clinic, or long-term-care organization is a process that requires the collaborative efforts from people at all levels in every department as well as external consumers such as public policy officials, students, and community leaders. Broadly speaking, four main but overlapping areas must be considered in institute activities and strategies to accomplish a comprehensive culturally competent organization. These four areas are (a) administration and governance, (b) orientation and education, (c) language, and (d) staff competencies. This article presents key content areas and activities to consider on the journey to cultural competence. Tables with suggested departmental responsibilities for implementation are included. In some cases, the journey may best be facilitated by a consultant who is well versed in cultural competence and organizational dynamics. PMID:21235036

Purnell, Larry; Davidhizar, Ruth E; Giger, Joyce Newman; Strickland, Ora L; Fishman, Dorothy; Allison, Dale M

2011-01-01

138

Development of a military competency checklist for case management.  

PubMed

This presentation will discuss the design, implementation, and evaluation of a competency-based checklist in military nursing network. The checklist was initiated to help assess case manager competency where background and preparation for the case manager role were quite diverse. The checklist assisted initially with the assessment of learning needs; later, it served as a self-assessment for case managers to determine their areas for improvement. Finally, the assessment was used not only to verify competency by the case management supervisor, but also to establish systemwide quality in case management. PMID:15931044

Stanton, Marietta P; Swanson, Carol; Baker, Rebecca D

2005-01-01

139

Integrating Information Competencies into the Allied Health Curriculum at Gavilan College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a new program at Gavilan College, California, that introduces Allied Health students and faculty to information technologies. States that the program's goal is to reconfigure Allied Health curriculum to reflect the impact of information technology on the health professions by inserting information competency components into courses.…

Hausrath, Don; Auyeung, Shuk-Chun; Howell, Jo Anne; Bedell, Kaye

2003-01-01

140

Preliminary Insight of Information Literacy Competencies among School Library Media Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines library media teachers' perception of information literacy, their current levels of information literacy competencies, and the factors affecting information literacy implementation in secondary schools. 36 library media teachers from Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Kuala Lumpur participated in this self-report questionnaire-based…

Tan, Shyh-Mee; Diljit, Singh

2010-01-01

141

Developing Generic Competences in Online Virtual Education Programmes at the University of Deusto  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The current paper focuses on the increasing demand for generic competences both from governments and industries. Despite this fact, there is insufficient awareness and information in education systems on how to equip graduates with appropriate generic competences for the world of work and citizenship. This is even more complicated in…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2012-01-01

142

Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those…

Baker, Susan S.; Pearson, Meredith; Chipman, Helen

2009-01-01

143

Development of Psychiatric–Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Competencies: Opportunities for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of the psychiatric–mental health nurse practitioner(PMHNP) competencies. The historical context and controversy regarding the role of advanced practice psychiatric mental health nursing as well as the consensus process of a national panel charged with the development of these competencies are described. Also, implications for education, practice, research, and policy are

Kathleen Wheeler; Judith Haber

2004-01-01

144

Developing Employee Competence. Symposium 25. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three papers from a symposium on developing employee competence. The first paper, "Coaching in Organizations: Self-Assessment of Competence" (Gary N. McLean, Min-Hsun [Christine] Kuo), reports on development and pilot-testing of an instrument to identify the developmental needs of managers and peers to function more…

2000

145

The Process of Professional School Counselor Multicultural Competency Development: A Grounded Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional School Counselors who work in schools with a range of student diversity are posed with a unique set of challenges which require them to develop their multicultural competencies. The following qualitative study examined the process of developing multicultural competence for four professional school counselors. The four professional…

Berry, Jessica L.

2013-01-01

146

Implementing KSF competency testing in primary care. Part 1: developing an appraisal tool.  

PubMed

The delivery of an effective community nursing workforce relies on competent staff. Commissioners will need to be assured that their providers employ competent, efficient staff who give value for money. The Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) was introduced as part of Agenda for Change to identify the competences required, but competency testing using the KSF has not been fully implemented across the UK, and measuring competency, using the KSF indicators, still leaves much room for variation and a non-standardized approach. In the first of this two-part article, the authors discuss the process through which the provider services of one London PCT developed standardized competences using the KSF which were linked to staff performance and which provided clear areas for individual development. PMID:20966843

Bentley, Jenny; Dandy-Hughes, Harlene

2010-10-01

147

Developing high-level change and innovation agents: competencies and challenges for executive leadership.  

PubMed

The work of health care reform and revolution requires leadership competencies that integrate the digital realities of time, space, and media. Leadership skills and behaviors of command, control, and directing from predigital times are no longer effective, given the impacts of the digital changes. Developing leadership competence in evidence-driven processes, facilitation, collaborative teamwork, and instilling a sense of urgency is the work of today's executive leaders. Ten competencies necessary for contemporary executive leadership are presented in this article. PMID:23222755

Malloch, Kathy; Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek

2013-01-01

148

Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

Nagarkar, S.

2010-10-01

149

Developing standards for malaria microscopy: external competency assessment for malaria microscopists in the Asia-Pacific  

PubMed Central

Background Malaria diagnosis has received renewed interest in recent years, associated with the increasing accessibility of accurate diagnosis through the introduction of rapid diagnostic tests and new World Health Organization guidelines recommending parasite-based diagnosis prior to anti-malarial therapy. However, light microscopy, established over 100 years ago and frequently considered the reference standard for clinical diagnosis, has been neglected in control programmes and in the malaria literature and evidence suggests field standards are commonly poor. Microscopy remains the most accessible method for parasite quantitation, for drug efficacy monitoring, and as a reference of assessing other diagnostic tools. This mismatch between quality and need highlights the importance of the establishment of reliable standards and procedures for assessing and assuring quality. This paper describes the development, function and impact of a multi-country microscopy external quality assurance network set up for this purpose in Asia. Methods Surveys were used for key informants and past participants for feedback on the quality assurance programme. Competency scores for each country from 14 participating countries were compiled for analyses using paired sample t-tests. In-depth interviews were conducted with key informants including the programme facilitators and national level microscopists. Results External assessments and limited retraining through a formalized programme based on a reference slide bank has demonstrated an increase in standards of competence of senior microscopists over a relatively short period of time, at a potentially sustainable cost. The network involved in the programme now exceeds 14 countries in the Asia-Pacific, and the methods are extended to other regions. Conclusions While the impact on national programmes varies, it has translated in some instances into a strengthening of national microscopy standards and offers a possibility both for supporting revival of national microcopy programmes, and for the development of globally recognized standards of competency needed both for patient management and field research. PMID:23095668

2012-01-01

150

Student and Teacher Ratings of Academic Competence: An Examination of Cross-Informant Agreement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted with samples of middle and high school teachers and students to examine cross-informant agreement on the Academic Competence Evaluation Scales. Cross-informant agreement was examined using Pearson correlations and conditional probability indices. Results of Study 1 (N = 65) and Study 2 (N = 66) indicated that teacher and…

Kettler, Ryan J.; Elliott, Stephen N.; DiPerna, James C.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Reiser, Deitra; Resurreccion, Leilani

2014-01-01

151

Framework for development of physician competencies in genomic medicine: report of the Competencies Working Group of the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics.  

PubMed

Completion of the Human Genome Project, in conjunction with dramatic reductions in the cost of DNA sequencing and advances in translational research, is gradually ushering genomic discoveries and technologies into the practice of medicine. The rapid pace of these advances is opening up a gap between the knowledge available about the clinical relevance of genomic information and the ability of clinicians to include such information in their medical practices. This educational gap threatens to be rate limiting to the clinical adoption of genomics in medicine. Solutions will require not only a better understanding of the clinical implications of genetic discoveries but also training in genomics at all levels of professional development, including for individuals in formal training and others who long ago completed such training. The National Human Genome Research Institute has convened the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics (ISCC) to develop and share best practices in the use of genomics in medicine. The ISCC has developed a framework for development of genomics practice competencies that may serve as a starting point for formulation of competencies for physicians in various medical disciplines. PMID:24763287

Korf, Bruce R; Berry, Anna B; Limson, Melvin; Marian, Ali J; Murray, Michael F; O'Rourke, P Pearl; Passamani, Eugene R; Relling, Mary V; Tooker, John; Tsongalis, Gregory J; Rodriguez, Laura L

2014-11-01

152

COMPETENCIES DICTIONARY Contents Page  

E-print Network

....................................................................................2-3 Customer Focus/Service OrientationCOMPETENCIES DICTIONARY Contents Page Core Competencies Results Orientation/Project Management and Development .....................................................................11-12 Leadership Competencies

Bieber, Michael

153

Developing Teachers' Subject Didactic Competence through Problem Posing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem posing (not only in lesson planning but also directly in teaching whenever needed) is one of the attributes of a teacher's subject didactic competence. In this paper, problem posing in teacher education is understood as an educational and a diagnostic tool. The results of the study were gained in pre-service primary school teacher…

Ticha, Marie; Hospesova, Alena

2013-01-01

154

Freehand Sketching as a Catalyst for Developing Concept Driven Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when concept driven competencies are perceived to be critical in redefining effective technological education, the introduction of Design and Communication Graphics at senior cycle in Irish high schools has broad implications. Students now have the potential to explore applied geometries, integrated with conceptual thinking in addition…

Lane, Diarmaid; Seery, Niall

2011-01-01

155

Developing project management competency: perspectives from the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project managers in today's construction industry are faced with a situation whereby the fundamental roles and functions they perform are witnessing a gradual shift in focus. To maintain their professional competency, practising project managers in construction adapt to this changing industry environment by relying on knowledge and skills acquired through training and experience. The extent to which such training enables

F. T. Edum-Fotwe; R McCaffer

2000-01-01

156

Development of Competence in Dynamic Learning Environments. No. 79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspective Text Analysis is a way to measure competence by measuring the strategy of synthesizing, which intelligence tests or questionnaires cannot measure. This paper proposes the use of Perspective Text Analysis in the study of instructional materials. Perspective Text Analysis has been applied in various learning environments, and the results…

Bierschenk, Inger

157

Validation and Development of Competencies for Meeting Planners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the entry-level requirements for meeting planners. The study benefited from the definition of the body of knowledge that had already been done for a professional meeting planner certificate by the Association of Professional Meeting Planners International. To document the competencies needed for an entry-level…

Walk, Mary H.

158

Professional Development for Occupational Specialist: Occupational Competency Testing. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The organization, scope, and activities of the Indiana Occupational Competency Testing Center were expanded to accommodate the requirements of the new Occupational Specialist Certificate for secondary vocational teacher credentialling. A pilot project involved three regional sites in the state. The director of the host area site acted as area…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.

159

Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

2014-01-01

160

Developing a Professional Competence Model for Nursing Education. Final Report, Research Report Number Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A generic competence model for effective nursing performance was developed and compared with nurses' perceptions of job elements that discriminate outstanding nursing performance and that are critical in the selection and education of nurses. The model is to be used to validate the nursing faculty's existing competence model for nursing education…

Mentkowski, Marcia; And Others

161

Effects of Collaborative Musical Theater on the Development of Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study analyzes the social competence of university students of the Music Education Teaching Degree through variables group climate, team cohesion and social skills. The need to develop good social competence was the basis to implement a project based on the musical theater applied according to the collaborative learning…

Perez-Aldeguer, Santiago

2013-01-01

162

Competences for Sustainable Development and Sustainability: Significance and Challenges for ESD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose--The purpose of this paper is to draw attention of the education for sustainable development (ESD) community to recent discussions on competence approaches and to examine the adequacy of a competence-based model as the means of achieving educational and societal transformation towards sustainability. The paper analyses and highlights some…

Mochizuki, Yoko; Fadeeva, Zinaida

2010-01-01

163

Blogging: Fostering Intercultural Competence Development in Foreign Language and Study Abroad Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An essential instructional goal in foreign language education is the enhancement of students' intercultural competence. This article reports on a study that examined how intercultural competence developed between study abroad and at home students (in Spain and the United States, respectively) who used blogs as a mediating tool over the course of a…

Elola, Idoia; Oskoz, Ana

2008-01-01

164

Assessing Instructor Cultural Competence in the Classroom: An Instrument and a Development Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instrument to measure instructors' cultural competence was developed using critical incidents related to classroom diversity issues. Responses were scored using the Bennett Model of Cultural Competence. The instrument can be used to measure the effectiveness of diversity training and can be adapted using locally relevant critical incidents.…

Roberson, Loriann; Kulik, Carol T.; Pepper, Molly B.

2002-01-01

165

Preparing Global Leaders: A Theoretical Model for Understanding the Development of Intercultural Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As globalization increases, organizations are seeking individuals that have developed intercultural competency (ICC) and are prepared to lead for the 21st century. Although there are competing definitions among scholars as to what characteristics (ability, attitude, awareness, behaviors, knowledge, skills, or values) make up ICC (Ang & Van…

Martinez, Cynthia Ann

2012-01-01

166

Perceptions of Personal Agency and Infant Attachment: Toward a Life-Span Perspective on Competence Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because perceptions of personal agency are important contributors to behavioral regulation, they play a significant role in promoting and maintaining competent functioning. Yet, thus far, these processes have been studied almost exlusively in older children and adults. Our discussion sketches the outlines of a life-span approach to the study of competence development by considering the emergence of personal agency beliefs

Martin E. Ford; Ross A. Thompson

1985-01-01

167

Navigating Difference: Development and Implementation of a Successful Cultural Competency Training for Extension and Outreach Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As our world becomes more interconnected on international, domestic, and personal levels, our need to be more culturally competent increases (Samovar, Porter, & McDaniel, 2007; Ting-Toomey, 1999). Recognizing this need, Washington State University Extension sought to increase skills of its personnel by developing a set of cultural competencies

Deen, Mary Y.; Parker, Louise A.; Hill, Laura Griner; Huskey, Melynda; Whitehall, Anna P.

2014-01-01

168

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

169

Assessing Intercultural Competence: A Framework for Systematic Test Development in Foreign Language Education and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of intercultural competence is being increasingly recognized by educators and employers alike. Both in the professional and educational domain, ways are being sought to assess whether or not people have actually acquired intercultural competence. In this paper, a framework is presented for the systematic development of assessment…

Sercu, Lies

2004-01-01

170

Assessing intercultural competence: a framework for systematic test development in foreign language education and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of intercultural competence is being increasingly recognized by educators and employers alike. Both in the professional and educational domain, ways are being sought to assess whether or not people have actually acquired intercultural competence. In this paper, a framework is presented for the systematic development of assessment tools. The paper first addresses the question of why the assessment

Lies Sercu

2004-01-01

171

From developing to investigating intercultural competence in practice through oral and written  

E-print Network

From developing to investigating intercultural competence in practice through oral and written (Bremen) (Tunisia / France) 4 edutice-00548891,version1-20Dec2010 #12;Analysis: 1 of the intercultural competences of the two students on the basis of Byram`s categories 2 of the students` self

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

LINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE IN TELECOLLABORATION1  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely reported (e.g., Belz & Müller-Hartmann, 2002; Kern, 1996; Kinginger, in press; Warschauer & Kern, 2000) that the goals of telecollaborative language study are the development of foreign language (FL) linguistic competence and the facilitation of intercultural competence (e.g., Bausch, Christ, & Krumm, 1997; Bredella & Delanoy, 1999; Byram, 1997; Harden & Witte, 2000). Whereas evaluations of the

Julie A. Belz

173

THE INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE AS A KEY ELEMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERU  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term «intercultural competence» originally referred to the conscious skills and attitudes that the student and everyone involved in teaching a foreign language had to develop to understand the sociocultural context and decode messages from the language they were teaching-learning, meaning is no longer exclusive to this area. This article is about how the implementation of intercultural competence has become

Sigrid Gómez-Schlaikier

2009-01-01

174

Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2009-01-01

175

Competency-Based Faculty Development in Community-Engaged Scholarship: A Diffusion of Innovation Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors utilized interviews, competency surveys, and document review to evaluate the effectiveness of a one-year, cohort-based faculty development pilot program, grounded in diffusion of innovations theory, and aimed at increasing competencies in community engagement and community-engaged scholarship. Five innovator participants designed the…

Jordan, Catherine; Doherty, William J.; Jones-Webb, Rhonda; Cook, Nancy; Dubrow, Gail; Mendenhall, Tai J.

2012-01-01

176

Developing Competence Profiles for Educators in Environmental Education Organisations in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the meanings and possible merits of introducing competence profiles for enhancing professional development in the environmental education sector in the Netherlands. It presents the three most important environmental education jobs and their underlying competencies alongside their core professional challenges, as…

Wesselink, Renate; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2011-01-01

177

Managing federal information technology: Conflicting policies and competing philosophies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite congressional initiatives and the Clinton administration's increased attention to information technology (IT) management policy, as part of its reinventing government and National Information Infrastructure (NII) initiatives, it is not evident that current IT policy initiatives will effectively address IT management problems. Nor is it evident that these efforts will result in the IT management improvements required to improve significantly

John C. Beachboard; Charles R. McClure

1996-01-01

178

Skills and Competencies for Digital Information Management in Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the global computerization environment, this paper aspires for the kind of information manager in Africa that is versatile globally, deals with all sorts of technical and resource management issues, and relates at all levels of interaction. The emphasis is on the information professional and manager with a vision of good leadership and…

Shibanda, George Gundu

179

Research in the Biotech Age: Can Informational Privacy Compete?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the privacy of personal medical information in the health research context. Arguing that biomedical research in Canada has been caught up in the government's broader neoliberal policy agenda that has positioned biotechnology as a strategic driver of economic growth, the author discusses the tension between informational

Peekhaus, Wilhelm

2008-01-01

180

Developing interprofessional health competencies in a virtual world  

PubMed Central

Background Virtual worlds provide a promising means of delivering simulations for developing interprofessional health skills. However, developing and implementing a virtual world simulation is a challenging process, in part because of the novelty of virtual worlds as a simulation platform and also because of the degree of collaboration required among technical and subject experts. Thus, it can be difficult to ensure that the simulation is both technically satisfactory and educationally appropriate. Methods To address this challenge, we propose the use of de Freitas and Oliver's four-dimensional framework as a means of guiding the development process. We give an overview of the framework and describe how its principles can be applied to the development of virtual world simulations. Results We present two virtual world simulation pilot projects that adopted this approach, and describe our development experience in these projects. We directly connect this experience to the four-dimensional framework, thus validating the framework's applicability to the projects and to the context of virtual world simulations in general. Conclusions We present a series of recommendations for developing virtual world simulations for interprofessional health education. These recommendations are based on the four-dimensional framework and are also informed by our experience with the pilot projects. PMID:23195649

King, Sharla; Chodos, David; Stroulia, Eleni; Carbonaro, Mike; MacKenzie, Mark; Reid, Andrew; Torres, Lisa; Greidanus, Elaine

2012-01-01

181

Information Competence of Doctoral Students in Information Science in Spain and Latin America: A Self-Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was carried out with students of official doctoral programs of Information Science in four universities in Spain and Latin America with the purpose of finding out, through self-assessments, student perceptions of their own information competence. A survey was designed to determine self-perceptions of knowledge, skills and attitudes…

Pinto, Maria; Fernandez-Ramos, Andres; Sanchez, Gerardo; Meneses, Grizly

2013-01-01

182

Moral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long. PMID:22629153

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

183

History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

2004-04-01

184

Intercultural Competence Development through the Global Awareness Program at the University of Kansas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study is to understand whether undergraduate students develop intercultural competence through domestic, co-curricular international and intercultural programming. This evaluative case study focuses on ...

McEnaney, Lauren E

2013-05-31

185

Sense of Competence in a Dutch Sample of Informal Caregivers of Frontotemporal Dementia Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The sense of competence (SC) of informal caregivers of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients is important for their task but has rarely been assessed. Here, the relationship between caregiver burden and SC and the differential value of SC in understanding caregiver suffering were studied. Methods: At 24 months of follow-up patient behavioural problems, dementia severity, caregiver SC, burden, psychological complaints

Samantha Riedijk; Hugo Duivenvoorden; John Van Swieten; Martinus Niermeijer; Aad Tibben

2009-01-01

186

Increasing MSW Students' Information Competencies through Online Tutorials, Application Exercises, and Course Assignments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing MSW students' information competencies was achieved through a 2-year project in which online video tutorials, in-class exercises, and course assignments were created and integrated into two required foundation courses. Tutorials demonstrated basic and advanced search techniques, online databases, and online course-specific research…

Kayser, John A.; Bowers, Jennifer; Jiang, Lin; Bussey, Marian

2013-01-01

187

Job Notes '91 Curriculum. A Career Development Unit Addressing Competency Statements from the National Career Development Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains 15 lessons based on competency areas and indicators from the National Career Development Guidelines. They address competencies in each of the three developmental areas outlined in the guidelines: self-knowledge, educational and occupational exploration, and career planning. The lessons were designed using a…

Randall, Judith D.

188

Competencies of Leaders and Managers in Educational Research and Development. Independent Research and Development Project Reports. Report No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report clarifies pilot efforts which address new problem areas in educational needs. The project was initiated to determine the specific competencies essential to the management of educational projects in research and development. The goals of the project were to establish a profile of identified competencies for use in planning the content…

DeAnda, Natividad

189

Unravelling the genetic basis for competence development of auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A strains.  

PubMed

Bacterial natural genetic competence - well studied in Bacillus subtilis - enables cells to take up and integrate extracellularly supplied DNA into their own genome. However, little is known about competence development and its regulation in other members of the genus, although DNA uptake machineries are routinely encoded. Auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A derivatives, obtained from repeated rounds of random mutagenesis, were long known to develop natural competence. Inspection of the colony morphology and extracellular enzyme secretion of two of these derivatives, M28 and M18, suggested that regulator genes are collaterally hit. M28 emerged as a 14 bp deletion mutant concomitantly displaying a shift in the reading frame of degS that encodes the sensor histidine kinase, which is part of the molecular switch that directs cells to genetic competence, the synthesis of extracellular enzymes or biofilm formation, while for M18, sequencing of the suspected gene revealed a 375 bp deletion in abrB, encoding the major transition state regulator. With respect to colony morphology, enzyme secretion and competence development, both of the mutations, when newly generated on the wild-type B. licheniformis 9945A genetic background, resulted in phenotypes resembling M28 and M18, respectively. All of the known naturally competent B. licheniformis representatives, hitherto thoroughly investigated in this regard, carry mutations in regulator genes, and hence genetic competence observed in domesticated strains supposedly results from deregulation. PMID:25009236

Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Grabke, Anja; Neuber, Stefania; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

2014-10-01

190

Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development. PMID:22645434

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

191

Competencies; A New Sector; Developing a Competency Model for Three Star Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a working paper based on a current Hotel Management Skillnet project, which is due to be completed by December 2001. This project arose from previous research by the Irish Hotel and Catering Institute (IHCI), the Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), the Tourism Research Centre (TRC) and University College Dublin (UCD) into continuing professional development in the hospitality

Tony m Kiely; Monica Brophy

2001-01-01

192

Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

Cochran, Graham Ralph

2009-01-01

193

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.9: Archivist/Museum Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an archive or museum. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals in archives or museums perform: acquisitions; cataloging/indexing; reference; exhibit management; and…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

194

Development of physician leadership competencies: perceptions of physician leaders, physician educators and medical students.  

PubMed

Research regarding the development of healthcare leadership competencies is widely available. However, minimal research has been published regarding the development of physician leadership competencies, despite growing recognition in recent years of the important need for effective physician leadership. Usingdata from an electronically distributed, self-administered survey, the authors examined the perceptions held by 110 physician leaders, physician educators, and medical students regarding the extent to which nine competencies are important for effective physician leadership, ten activities are indicative of physician leadership, and seven methods are effective for the development of physician leadership competencies. Results indicated that "interpersonal and communication skills" and "professional ethics and social responsibility" are perceived as the most important competencies for effective physician leadership. Furthermore, respondents believe "influencing peers to adopt new approaches in medicine" and "administrative responsibility in a healthcare organization" are the activities most indicative of effective physician leadership. Finally, respondents perceive"coaching or mentoring from an experienced leader" and "on-job experience (e.g., a management position)" as the most effective methods for developing physician leadership competencies. The implications of these findings for the education and development of physician leaders are discussed. PMID:15379370

McKenna, Mindi K; Gartland, Myles P; Pugno, Perry A

2004-01-01

195

Zoning, Development Timing, and Agricultural Land Use at the Suburban Fringe: A Competing Risks Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competing risks survival analysis is used to investigate tax and zoning policy impacts on residential, commercial, and industrial development timing in a rapidly growing Midwestern county. Industrial development appears both to precede and occur concurrently with residential development, while commercial development follows other types. Although residences appear to locate away from industrial land, zoning decisions favoring industry may attract rather

Diane Hite; Brent Sohngen; Josh Templeton

2003-01-01

196

Development and psychometric evaluation of the competency inventory for nursing students: a learning outcome perspective.  

PubMed

Deficiency in essential core competencies could jeopardize the safety of patients. Adopting the outcome-based approach, a set of minimally required core competencies for nursing students was developed to ensure the quality of nursing education. Determination of what point to measure competency is needed. Most importantly, competence indicators of nursing students can be used in curriculum development, planning, and learning outcome evaluation. The purpose of this study was to develop a competency inventory to measure learning outcomes of baccalaureate nursing students and to test its psychometric properties. Psychometric testing was conducted with a convenience sample of 599 nursing students in 2011. Principal axis factor analysis was performed on the 52-item scale to determine construct validity and Cronbach's alpha was used to measure the internal consistency. Principal axis factoring method identified six factors through the direct oblimin rotations including pattern matrix and structure matrix: ethical and responsibility, general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring and critical thinking reasoning. Exploratory factor analysis yielded an instrument with 43-items on six factors, accounting for 69.84% of the variance in scores. The Competency Inventory of Nursing Students (CINS) factors ranged from 0.91 to 0.98. This study shows that the Competency Inventory of Nursing Students has satisfactory psychometric properties and could be a useful instrument for measuring learning outcomes of nursing student. The competence indicators show merit for assessing learning outcomes for nursing students in nursing education. However, a cross-validation of the scale with another sample is also needed. PMID:22727581

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing

2013-05-01

197

NAIT CPD. Competency Profile Development: A Systems Approach for Program Review Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Engineering Technologies Division of the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Canada has developed a systems approach to program review called Competency Profile Development (CPD). This approach utilizes a combination of organizational communication, project management, management-by-objectives, a modified Developing A Curriculum…

Dhariwal, Mave

198

Competency Profile Development for the (Supervisory) Management Curriculum. Marketing Education Teacher's Resource Guide. Competency Listing, Expected Student Learning Outcomes and Cross-Referenced Instructional Materials by Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide for the marketing education teacher provides a competency listing, expected student learning outcomes, and cross-referenced instructional materials by competencies for supervisory management. The first section discusses 1991 revisions to the Missouri marketing education core curriculum for supervisory management. The processes…

Smith, Clifton L.

199

Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

Renshaw, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

200

Behavior competence development through e-learning: experience at the undergraduate level in the context of Aula a Distancia Abierta (ADA) Madrid, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This communication presents the results of an innovative approach for competence development suggesting a new methodology for the integration of these elements in professional development within the ADA initiative (Aula a Distancia Abierta, Distance and Open Classroom) of the Community of Madrid. The main objective of this initiative is to promote the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for

Ignacio de los Ríos Carmenado; José María Díaz-Puente; Francisca Gómez Gajardo

2011-01-01

201

Development of an international interdisciplinary course: a strategy to promote cultural competence and collaboration.  

PubMed

Now, more than ever, nurses are practicing in settings in which cultural competence and teamwork are essential to providing quality care. The expectation that nurses provide effective care across varied population groups highlights the need for attainment of cultural competency by baccalaureate nursing graduates. Nursing programs must develop strategies to address this educational need. In this article, the authors share their experiences in the development of an international interdisciplinary course that combined academic service learning with cultural immersion to promote the development of cultural competence and collaboration among students. By developing an interdisciplinary course that is of interest to a wide range of students, faculty can be successful in providing an opportunity for students with varied career paths to be better prepared to live and work in the world's global community. PMID:22964472

Smit, Eileen M; Tremethick, Mary Jane

2013-03-01

202

Development of scales to assess patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions.  

PubMed

This study describes the development of scales to measure patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions and thus contributes to promoting awareness of physician-patient intercultural interaction processes. Surveys were administrated to a total of 682 participants. Exploratory factor analyses were employed to assess emergent scales and subscales to develop reliable instruments. The first two phases were devoted to formative research and pilot study. The third phase was devoted to scale development, which resulted in a five-factor solution to measure patient perception of physicians' cultural competence for patient satisfaction. PMID:22477717

Ahmed, Rukhsana; Bates, Benjamin R

2012-07-01

203

A Study of Minimum Competency Testing Programs. Final Program Development Resource Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource document represents the integration of both practice and theory related to minimum competency testing (MCT), and is largely based on information collected in a nationwide survey of MCT programs. Chapter 1, To Implement or Not to Implement MCT, by Marcy R. Perkins, presents a definition of MCT and a discussion of the perceived…

Gorth, William Phillip; Perkins, Marcy R.

204

Clinical teaching competence inventory for nursing preceptors: instrument development and testing.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument which measures clinical teaching competencies of nursing preceptors. It is necessary to investigate what kinds of teaching competencies are required in modern, more student-centered higher education teaching contexts. Nurses need to possess teaching competence to perform the role of preceptor properly. However, empirical studies exploring teaching competence are rare. Psychometric testing was conducted on a sample of 389 clinical nursing preceptors from three hospitals in 2010. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability testing were conducted on the 53-item Clinical Teaching Competencies Scale. Results indicated that principal axis factoring extraction identified four factors through a promax rotation: Student evaluation, goal setting and individual teaching, teaching strategies, and demonstration of organized knowledge. The Cronbach's ? values for the four factors ranged from 0.82-0.87. The Clinical Teaching Competence Inventory was found to have adequate construct validity and internal consistency of reliability for clinical nursing preceptors to assess clinical teaching behaviors in practice settings. PMID:24787255

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Chiu, Hsiu-Win; Chen, Ya-Lin

2014-02-01

205

Hip Hop Culture: Development of a Cultural Competence Workshop Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The minority population of the United States which includes African Americans is expected to be the majority by 2040, surpassing the number of Caucasians. This information is pertinent to educators because it is a reflection of anticipated changes in the ethnic composition of student bodies. Although African Americans have been identified as the…

Akridge, Evangeline M.

2013-01-01

206

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

207

School of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency  

E-print Network

to apply scientific principles and reasoning methods to critically evaluate available information and make and task execution. Nurture our students to become scientists generating cutting edge knowledge principles in broad areas and to use of tools of one or more science disciplines at the college level

Li, Kin-Yin

208

Study on Evaluation Model of the Fourth Party Logistics Enterprise's Core Competence Based on Information Entropy of Fuzzy Matter-Element Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the theory of core competence, the paper analyzes the Fourth Party Logistic enterprise's concept, characteristics and function, and then it establishes evaluation index system of 4PL's core competence and uses information entropy of fuzzy matter-element model to calculate the core competence. In the end, though positive analysis, the paper proposes suggestion of evaluating and enhancing 4PL's core competence.

Li Ji-yong; Xie Yun-pu; Zhang Yan-hong

2010-01-01

209

Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

2011-01-01

210

Systematic Approach to Guidance; Planning Paraprofessional Programs. A Competency-Based Staff Development Training Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is part of a competency-based staff development training package which presents a systematic approach to guidance, counseling, and placement. The module acquaints the reader with the history, development, and major issues in the utilization of paraprofessionals. Its main purpose is to help the reader plan, implement, and evaluate a…

McBain, Susan; And Others

211

Teach the Children Well: A Holistic Approach to Developing Psychosocial and Behavioral Competencies through Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of a positive youth development perspective is the promotion of healthy physical and psychosocial development in young people. This approach consists of social-contextual features (e.g., teacher behaviors, classroom structure, student activities) that help equip youth with attributes, skills, competencies, and values that will contribute…

Weiss, Maureen R.

2011-01-01

212

Leadership Competencies for Academic Librarians: The Importance of Development and Fund-Raising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the need for effective leadership and identifying leadership competencies for academic librarians focuses on the areas of development and fundraising. Describes areas of expertise, experience, and skills associated with academic development positions in colleges and universities as a basis for identifying relevant leadership…

Winston, Mark D.; Dunkley, Lisa

2002-01-01

213

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

214

A Globetrotting Pilgrimage: An Exploration of Spiritual Growth and the Development of Intercultural Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between spiritual growth and the development of intercultural competence through the experiences of followers of Christ working in least developed countries. To address this purpose, a qualitative study using narrative inquiry and in-depth semi structured interviews were employed to…

Eifert, Angela Lynn

2012-01-01

215

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

216

Developing a Competency-Based Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The CompHP Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion was developed as part of the CompHP Project that aimed to develop competency-based standards and an accreditation system for health promotion practice, education, and training in Europe. Method: A phased, multiple-method approach was employed to facilitate consensus…

Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Van der Zanden, Gerard; Schipperen, Marielle; Contu, Paolo; Gallardo, Carmen; Martinez, Ana; Garcia de Sola, Silvia; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Zaagsma, Miriam; Barry, Margaret M.

2012-01-01

217

Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

2008-01-01

218

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

219

Human Development Competencies in Preservice Home Economics Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Views the influence of human development content in home economics preservice education (1) as subject matter to teach; (2) as development concepts teachers need in order to plan, teach, and evaluate student educational experiences; and (3) as a way for students to understand their own behavior and attitudes. (CT)

Dewald-Link, Margaret R.

1980-01-01

220

Competencies for psychology practice in primary care.  

PubMed

This article reports on the outcome of a presidential initiative of 2012 American Psychological Association President Suzanne Bennett Johnson to delineate competencies for primary care (PC) psychology in six broad domains: science, systems, professionalism, relationships, application, and education. Essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes are described for each PC psychology competency. Two behavioral examples are provided to illustrate each competency. Clinical vignettes demonstrate the competencies in action. Delineation of these competencies is intended to inform education, practice, and research in PC psychology and efforts to further develop team-based competencies in PC. PMID:24820690

McDaniel, Susan H; Grus, Catherine L; Cubic, Barbara A; Hunter, Christopher L; Kearney, Lisa K; Schuman, Catherine C; Karel, Michele J; Kessler, Rodger S; Larkin, Kevin T; McCutcheon, Stephen; Miller, Benjamin F; Nash, Justin; Qualls, Sara H; Connolly, Kathryn Sanders; Stancin, Terry; Stanton, Annette L; Sturm, Lynne A; Johnson, Suzanne Bennett

2014-01-01

221

Social Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the “Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject” in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

222

Social competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.  

PubMed

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the "Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject" in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

223

Development of a multidisciplinary course in cultural competence for nursing and human service professions.  

PubMed

A multidisciplinary teaching model was used to develop a pilot course for students in the human service professions of nursing, education, and social work to gain additional knowledge and skills in providing diverse clients with culturally appropriate services during field and clinical experiences. This article focuses on the process of developing a multidisciplinary course in cultural competence that is consistent with a university mission to prepare students for leadership and service in an increasingly diverse society. Using the theoretical framework of Campinha-Bacote's process of cultural competence and the six developmental stages of intercultural competence in Bennett's developmental model of intercultural sensitivity, the course content covered the five components of cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural skills, cultural encounters, and cultural desire. Students' written reflections indicated growth in acquisition of cultural knowledge, skills, and desire. Faculty collaboration across disciplines included the benefits of an enriched knowledge base and shared scholarship. PMID:19645371

Munoz, Cora C; DoBroka, Cheryl Conrad; Mohammad, Saleem

2009-09-01

224

The development and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for training in global health research.  

PubMed

The Fogarty International Center (FIC) Global Health Fellows Program provides trainees with the opportunity to develop research skills through a mentored research experience, increase their content expertise, and better understand trends in global health research, funding organizations, and pathways to generate support. The Northern Pacific Global Health Fellows Research and Training Consortium, which hosts one of the FIC Global Health Programs, sought to enhance research training by developing, implementing, and evaluating a competency-based curriculum that uses a modular, asynchronous, web-based format. The curriculum has 8 core competencies, 36 learning objectives, and 58 assignments. Nineteen trainees completed their 11-month fellowship, engaged in the curriculum, and provided pre- and post-fellowship self-assessments. Self-assessed scores significantly improved for all competencies. Trainees identified the curriculum as one of the strengths of the program. This competency-based curriculum represents a first step toward creating a framework of global health research competencies on which further efforts could be based. PMID:25371189

Ton, Thanh G N; Gladding, Sophia P; Zunt, Joseph R; John, Chandy; Nerurkar, Vivek R; Moyer, Cheryl A; Hobbs, Nicole; McCoy, Molly; Kolars, Joseph C

2015-01-01

225

Developing Competency To Manage Diversity: Readings, Cases, and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All members of organizations take part in creating a climate in which all people are treated fairly and can achieve and contribute to their full potential, and where diversity, as an organizational resource, can be fully leveraged to enhance organizational performance. This book was designed to assist individuals and work teams in developing

Cox, Taylor, Jr.; Beale, Ruby L.

226

Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

2005-01-01

227

Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Park, M.S.

1998-12-01

228

Supporting Teachers' Development of Cultural Competence Through Teacher Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how teachers in an advanced master's degree program developed their understanding of multicultural education through the process of teacher research. Using qualitative research methods, the researchers analyzed in-class discussions and conversations, online and written reflections, and the teachers' culturally focused action research studies. When teachers were engaged in research in their classrooms while concurrently studying selected readings

Angela Wiseman; Rebecca K. Fox

2010-01-01

229

Building intercultural competencies: Implications for academic skills development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition to university is a new experience for each student, with all students expected to develop new ways of thinking, learning and communicating. Many students (although this is less common in Australia) will also be adjusting to living away from home for the first time and will be absent from familiar support networks. The vocabulary of a new discipline

Patricia McLean; Laurie Ransom

230

Developing Competencies in Science and Maths in Bulgaria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most countries are either reforming their education systems, or thinking about doing so. The EU, through its "Transversal" programme, funds hundreds of study visits every year to enable education professionals to learn at first hand about developments in its member states. The author joined a group from France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain and…

Walsh, Ed

2012-01-01

231

Promoting Sociolinguistic Competence in the Classroom Zone of Proximal Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the microgenetic development of learners' understanding of sociolinguistic variation in French during an instructional conversation (IC) that followed a language analysis task in which learners attempted to formulate hypotheses about the nature of language variation. During the IC, the instructor led students toward a…

van Compernolle, Remi A.; Williams, Lawrence

2012-01-01

232

A Mentor's Aid in Developing the Competences of Teacher Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The induction period is a very important time in the career of a teacher and has a long-term influence on the teacher's professional development, efficacy, job satisfaction and the length of his/her career. One of the key roles in this period is played by the trainee's mentor. This paper presents the results of the extensive project "Partnership…

Valencic, Milena; Vogrinc, Janez

2007-01-01

233

Developing Culturally Competent Faculty: A Cognitive, Affective, and Spiritual Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past decade has evidenced significant dialogue on faith-based campuses about the persistent gap between the increasing ethnic diversity of the student population and that of the faculty. While campus administrators and leaders acknowledge the need to address this concern through faculty development, there is a disturbing lack of successful…

Taylor, Deborah L.; Van Zandt, Cassandra; Menjares, Pete C.

2013-01-01

234

Interactional Competence and the Development of Alignment Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on qualitative analysis of conversational interactions collected over the course of a Spanish language learner's academic year abroad, this article explores the development of interactional resources related to alignment activity in the learner's conversational participation. Alignment activity refers to the means interlocutors use…

Dings, Abby

2014-01-01

235

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

236

Development of Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents Using an Expert Consensus Process  

PubMed Central

Background The emergency department (ED) visit rate for older patients exceeds that of all age groups other than infants. The aging population will increase elder ED patient utilization to 35% to 60% of all visits. Older patients can have complex clinical presentations and be resource-intensive. Evidence indicates that emergency physicians fail to provide consistent high-quality care for elder ED patients, resulting in poor clinical outcomes. Objectives The objective was to develop a consensus document, “Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents,” by identified experts. This is a minimum set of behaviorally based performance standards that all residents should be able to demonstrate by completion of their residency training. Methods This consensus-based process utilized an inductive, qualitative, multiphase method to determine the minimum geriatric competencies needed by emergency medicine (EM) residents. Assessments of face validity and reliability were used throughout the project. Results In Phase I, participants (n = 363) identified 12 domains and 300 potential competencies. In Phase II, an expert panel (n = 24) clustered the Phase I responses, resulting in eight domains and 72 competencies. In Phase III, the expert panel reduced the competencies to 26. In Phase IV, analysis of face validity and reliability yielded a 100% consensus for eight domains and 26 competencies. The domains identified were atypical presentation of disease; trauma, including falls; cognitive and behavioral disorders; emergent intervention modifications; medication management; transitions of care; pain management and palliative care; and effect of comorbid conditions. Conclusions The Geriatric Competencies for EM Residents is a consensus document that can form the basis for EM residency curricula and assessment to meet the demands of our aging population. PMID:20370765

Hogan, Teresita M.; Losman, Eve D.; Carpenter, Christopher R.; Sauvigne, Karen; Irmiter, Cheryl; Emanuel, Linda; Leipzig, Rosanne M.

2011-01-01

237

Developing Communication Competence Using an Online Video Reflection System: Pre-Service Teachers' Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to…

Bower, Matt; Cavanagh, Michael; Moloney, Robyn; Dao, MingMing

2011-01-01

238

The Development of Core Competencies for the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a series of national policy reports regarding what has been termed the "quality chasm" in health and mental health care in the United States, in January 2003, the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy convened a task force to develop core competencies (CC) for the practice of marriage and family therapy (MFT). The…

Nelson, Thorana S.; Chenail, Ronald J.; Alexander, James F.; Crane, D. Russell; Johnson, Susan M.; Schwallie, Linda

2007-01-01

239

A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2009-01-01

240

Secondary-Postsecondary Curriculum Development in Automotive Mechanics. Automotive Electrical Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a competency-based curriculum in automotive mechanics which is usable by students at both the secondary and postsecondary levels, this learning package focuses on automotive electrical systems. It is the first unit to be published in a series of eight which will cover the eight subject areas on the national certification…

Hoepner, Ronald

241

Supporting the Development of Emotional Intelligence Competencies to Ease the Transition from Primary to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore (1) whether pupils with high emotional intelligence (EI) cope better with the transition to high school; and (2) whether the introduction of an intervention programme to support the development of EI competencies can increase EI and self-worth, and so ease the negative effects of transition. Results suggest that pupils…

Qualter, P.; Whiteley, H. E.; Hutchinson, J. M.; Pope, D. J.

2007-01-01

242

Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence…

Bienengräber, Thomas

2014-01-01

243

The Development of Thai Learners' Key Competencies by Project-Based Learning Using ICT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to study the use of Project-based Learning using ICT (PBL using ICT) to develop learners' five key competencies based on Thai Basic Education Curriculum 2008, which consists of 1) communication capability 2) thinking capability 3) problem solving capability 4) capability in applying life skills and 5) capability in…

Soparat, Sasithorn; Arnold, Savitree Rochanasmita; Klaysom, Saowadee

2015-01-01

244

Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

Ramson, Amy J.

2014-01-01

245

Barriers and Effective Educational Strategies to Develop Extension Agents' Professional Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here determined the barriers and effective educational strategies to develop Extension agents' professional competencies. This was a descriptive survey research conducted with a random sample of Extension agents. Increased workload and lack of time and funding were identified as the most constraining barriers of Extension…

Lakai, Dona; Jayaratne, K. S. U.; Moore, Gary E.; Kistler, Mark J.

2012-01-01

246

Social Competence and Eating Disorders: Development and Validation of the Anorexia and Bulimia Problem Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incompetence at solving interpersonal problems is a possible antecedent of anorexic and bulimic behaviors in college-age women. A role-play measure of interpersonal competence, the Anorexia and Bulimia Problem Inventory (ABPI), was developed empirically and then was tested in two validation studies. ABPI scores for two samples of college women were compared: a subclinical sample [extremely high scores on the Eating

Richard M. McFall; Barbara J. Eason; Christine B. Edmondson; Teresa A. Treat

1999-01-01

247

Empowering students by developing their intercultural communication competence: a two-way process  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a common belief that tertiary students acquire intercultural communication competence through interacting with each other in multicultural classrooms. Much research undertaken in Australia, however, indicates that having culturally diverse classrooms will not, by itself, necessarily promote student development in this area. This is particularly true of students working in multinational\\/multicultural teams, where often the experience can reinforce negative

Carmela Briguglio

248

Professional Competence Enhancement via Postgraduate Post-Experience Learning and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the ways in which postgraduate study in vocational fields supports the development of advanced competences amongst mid-career professionals. Design/methodology/approach: The extensive written communications between health and safety professionals taking a postgraduate course in health and safety…

Chivers, Geoffrey

2007-01-01

249

Evolution of Competence Concept in Lithuania: From VET Reform to Development of National Qualifications System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to explore the development of the concept of competence in Lithuania beginning from the period of transition from the Soviet planned economy and post-totalitarian regime to the market economy and democratic society and ending with the designing and implementation of the National Qualifications System and Qualifications…

Lauzackas, Rimantas; Tutlys, Vidmantas; Spudyte, Irma

2009-01-01

250

Developing Disaster Preparedness Competence: An Experiential Learning Exercise for Multiprofessional Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The hurricane disasters of 2005 and the threat of pandemic infectious diseases compel medical educators to develop emergency preparedness training for medical students and other health care professional students. Description: This article describes an experiential exercise for learning a number of the general core competencies in the 2003 AAMC report titled “Training Future Physicians about Weapons of Mass Destruction.”

Rasa Silenas; Ralitsa Akins; Alan R. Parrish; Janine C. Edwards

2008-01-01

251

Development of Measurability and Importance Scales for the NATA Athletic Training Educational Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed and validated an instrument designed to measure the perceived measurability and importance of the National Athletic Trainers' Association Athletic Training Educational Competencies. Data from 931 athletic trainers and sport medicine physicians support 6 constructs, each of which demonstrates high reliability. (SLD)

Wolfe, Edward W.; Nogle, Sally

2002-01-01

252

Say What?! L2 Sociopragmatic Competence in CMC: Skill Transfer and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More so than any other type of learner error, pragmatic mistakes interfere with the ability to communicate (Bardovi-Harlig & Dörnyei, 1998), yet there is relatively little understanding of how pragmatic competence develops in the language classroom or how best to teach it, and whether relevant skills may transfer from the L1 (Eisenchlas, 2011;…

Abrams, Zsuzsanna

2013-01-01

253

Competencies for Rural Development Professionals in the Era of HIV/AIDS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of HIV/AIDS on food security and rural livelihoods is still insufficiently understood. It is evident, however, that rural development professionals need to respond to the changes that have taken place in rural areas due to the pandemic. This article explores competencies that they need in order to deal with the complex HIV/AIDS issues…

Brinkman, Dine; Westendorp, Annemarie M. B.; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Mulder, Martin

2007-01-01

254

Matching of Developed Generic Competences of Graduates in Higher Education with Labour Market Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education provides graduates with both monetary and non-monetary benefits. Globalization and technological developments foster utilitarian approach, therefore the transmission of competences that are relevant in labour market is an important target for higher education institutions. The paper presents findings of research on the match of…

Pukelis, Kestutis; Pileicikiene, Nora

2012-01-01

255

Aspects of Inter-Organisational Networks for Developing Firm Competencies - Preliminary Evidence from Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a preliminary study on an inter-organisational network and the development of organisational competencies among a 'flagship cluster' of organisations. The case study involves a consortium of organisations working on a Government Multi Purpose Card (GMPC) project, one of the various Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) initiatives proposed under the seven flagship applications deployed by the

Aliza Akmar Omar; Avvari V. Mohan

2006-01-01

256

Competing Roles of Interfacial Tension and Surfactant Equivalent Weight in the Development of a Chemical Flood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation focused on developing an efficient chemical flooding process by use of dilute surfactant\\/polymer slugs. The competing roles of interfacial tension (IFT) and equivalent weight (EW) of the surfactant used, as well as the effect of different types of preflushes on tertiary oil recovery, were studied. Volume of residual oil recovered per gram of surfactant used was examined as

S. L. Enedy; C. D. Stahl

1982-01-01

257

Developing Conversational Competence through Language Awareness and Multimodality: The Use of DVDs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument for a pedagogy of input oriented learning for the development of speaking competence (Sharwood-Smith, 1986; Bardovi-Harlig and Salsbury, 2004; Eslami-Rasekh, 2005) has been of increasing interest in Applied Linguistics circles. It has also been argued that multimedia applications, in particular DVDs, provide language learners with…

Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Perez

2009-01-01

258

Developing Intercultural Competence and Global Citizenship through International Experiences: Academics' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International education is a key priority for Australian universities, government and employer groups. For students, an international professional experience is uniquely placed in providing opportunities for developing intercultural learning, intercultural competence and global citizenship. Employers see graduates with international experiences as…

Trede, Franziska; Bowles, Wendy; Bridges, Donna

2013-01-01

259

A Systematic Approach to the Development of a Competency-Based Doctor of Pharmacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process used by the University of the Pacific for developing a competency-based PharmD program in 1976 is described. The same procedures can be applied to similar programs for any professional degree in pharmacy. Course content, behavioral objectives, and charges to workshop groups are included. (Author/LBH)

Knapp, Katherine K.; Supernaw, Robert B.

1977-01-01

260

Automotive Mechanic: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of automotive mechanic. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

261

Lubrication Specialist: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of lubrication specialist. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

262

The Impact of Inclusion on Language Development and Social Competence Among Preschoolers With Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes progress in language development and social competence among 96 preschoolers with disabilities in inclusive and segregated classes. Pretest ability was the strongest predictor of progress. Other child, parent, and family characteristics were not associated with pretest developmental abilities or with progress. Degree of disability did not moderate the impact of placement type on developmental outcomes, controlling for

YVONNE RAFFERTY; VINCENZA PISCITELLI; CAROLINE BOETTCHER

263

A Comprehensive Competence-Based Approach in Curriculum Development: Experiences from African and European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned. Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the limits…

Parent, F.; Baulana, R.; Kahombo, G.; Coppieters, Y.; Garant, M.; De Ketele, J.-M.

2011-01-01

264

The mindfulness-based relapse prevention adherence and competence scale: Development, interrater reliability, and validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study describes the development of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention Adherence and Competence Scale (MBRP-AC), a measure of treatment integrity for mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP). MBRP is a newly developed treatment integrating core aspects of relapse prevention with mindfulness practices. The MBRP-AC was developed in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of MBRP efficacy and consists of

Neharika Chawla; Susan Collins; Sarah Bowen; Sharon Hsu; Joel Grow; Anne Douglass; G. Alan Marlatt

2010-01-01

265

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.5: Database Producer Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a database producer organization. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which these librarians perform: acquisitions; thesaurus development and control; indexing/abstracting; and publications and product management.…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

266

Generic Competences in Higher Education: Studying Their Development in Undergraduate Social Science Studies by Means of a Specific Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the acquisition of generic competences was carried out with the undergraduate social science programmes offered by the Ramon Llull University, Barcelona (Spain). For these programmes an innovative methodology called "cross-course seminars" has been developed. Its focus is, amongst others, on developing generic competences. In the…

Gallifa, Josep; Garriga, Jordi

2010-01-01

267

EU-Level Competence Development Projects in Agri-Food-Environment: The Involvement of Sectoral Social Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The European Commission and social partner organisations at EU level encourage the lifelong development of qualifications and competence. This is reflected in many policy reports and reviews. This paper seeks to show the involvement of social partner organisations at the level of EU-funded competence development projects.…

Mulder, Martin

2006-01-01

268

Building Lifelong Learning Networks of Teachers for the Development of Competence in Teaching in Small Rural Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on ongoing research efforts and discussions about how to enable, through new technologies, the building of lifelong learning networks and the development of competences of teachers who work in small rural schools. Teachers of such schools are confronted with significant challenges, needing to develop personal competences falling beyond the established initial and in-service teacher training curricula. The

Pavlos Koulouris; Sofoklis Sotiriou

2006-01-01

269

School Competence and Fluent Academic Performance: Informing Assessment of Educational Outcomes in Survivors of Pediatric Medulloblastoma.  

PubMed

Academic difficulties are widely acknowledged but not adequately studied in survivors of pediatric medulloblastoma. Although most survivors require special education services and are significantly less likely than healthy peers to finish high school, measured academic skills are typically average. This study sought to identify potential factors associated with academic difficulties in this population and focused on school competence and fluent academic performance. Thirty-six patients (ages 7-18 years old) were recruited through the Departments of Neurosurgery and Neuro-Oncology at Children's Medical Center Dallas and Cook Children's Medical Center in Fort Worth, TX. Participants completed a neuropsychological screening battery including selected Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement subtests. Parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist. School competence was significantly correlated with measured academic skills and fluency. Basic academic skill development was broadly average, in contrast to significantly worse fluent academic performance. School competence may have utility as a measure estimating levels of educational success in this population. Additionally, academic difficulties experienced by childhood medulloblastoma survivors may be better captured by measuring deficits in fluent academic performance rather than skills. Identification of these potential factors associated with educational outcomes of pediatric medulloblastoma survivors has significant implications for research, clinical assessment, and academic services/interventions. PMID:25398080

Holland, Alice Ann; Hughes, Carroll W; Stavinoha, Peter L

2014-11-14

270

Competence-Based Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution aims at informing readers about a current education and training design approach which is based on theory building and practical experience. It is about the development of comprehensive competence-based education, which is different from earlier attempts to develop competence-based education. In many education development

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

271

Adjudicative Competence  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Although the basic standards of adjudicative competence were specified by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1960, there remain a number of complex conceptual and practical issues in interpreting and applying these standards. In this report we provide a brief overview regarding the general concept of adjudicative competence and its assessment, as well as some highlights of recent empirical studies on this topic. Findings Most adjudicative competence assessments are conducted by psychiatrists or psychologists. There are no universal certification requirements, but some states are moving toward required certification of forensic expertise for those conducting such assessments. Recent data indicate inconsistencies in application of the existing standards even among forensic experts, but the recent publication of consensus guidelines may foster improvements in this arena. There are also ongoing efforts to develop and validate structured instruments to aid competency evaluations. Telemedicine-based competency interviews may facilitate evaluation by those with specific expertise for evaluation of complex cases. There is also interest in empirical development of educational methods to enhance adjudicative competence. Summary Adjudicative competence may be difficult to measure accurately, but the assessments and tools available are advancing. More research is needed on methods of enhancing decisional capacity among those with impaired competence. PMID:18650693

Dawes, Sharron E.; Palmer, Barton W.; Jeste, Dilip V.

2008-01-01

272

A model for future healthcare leadership. CHA's competency study provides a practical tool for leadership development.  

PubMed

The Catholic Health Association's (CHA's) study "Transformational Leadership for the Healing Ministry: Competencies for the Future" is a powerful tool for the identification and development of leaders in Catholic healthcare. The study can help executives measure their own performance against a standard of excellence and establish goals to improve their performance. Trustees can use the study to establish policies for identification, assessment, development, and career planning for senior executives. Sponsors might consider the competencies as they intensify collaboration in ministry with lay colleagues by encouraging leadership development or as they participate with trustees in the selection of executives. The model presented in CHA's study is dynamic and adaptable to the leadership needs of various organizations. It should not yield a homogenized view of the "ideal" leader in the Catholic ministry. Nor should it encourage elitism or invidious comparisons between leaders or organizations. PMID:10134187

Nygren, D J; Ukeritis, M D; Hickman, J L

1994-06-01

273

The Development of a Competency Based Train-the-Trainer Course for the Certification of Professional Development Center Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based training course was designed to prepare Professional Development Center (PDC) instructors for the certification process. After an exhaustive review of the literature, it was determined that a relevant training course that would specifically reflect the needs of the PDC was not available. The decision was then made to design a…

Rudasill, Susann E.

274

Cultural competency, autonomy, and spiritual conflicts related to Reiki/CAM therapies: Should patients be informed?  

PubMed Central

The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) such as Reiki is on the rise in healthcare centers. Reiki is associated with a spirituality that conflicts with some belief systems. Catholic healthcare facilities are restricted from offering this therapy because it conflicts with the teachings of the Catholic Church. However, hospitals are offering it without disclosing the spiritual aspects of it to patients. This article will address the ethical concerns and possible legal implications associated with the present process of offering Reiki. It will address these concerns based on the Joint Commission's Standard of Cultural Competency and the ethical principles of autonomy and informed consent. A proposal will also be introduced identifying specific information which Reiki/CAM practitioners should offer to their patients out of respect of their autonomy as well as their cultural, spiritual, and religious beliefs. PMID:24899738

Arvonio, Maria Marra

2014-01-01

275

The Information Age and Information Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes eight articles that discuss the information age, the impact of information technology, and the role of libraries. Highlights include libraries in Brazil, Indonesia, and Nigeria; the Universal Availability of Publications (UAP) program; community literacy; database development in Malawi; and the Regional Energy Resources…

Hughes, Graeme C.; And Others

1991-01-01

276

Information system security curricula development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we survey current literature concerning Information Systems Security Training and Education. This paper also describes current Information System Security Training and Education dynamics. Finally, this paper presents a graduate level information system security specialization that was developed using this information.

Ed Crowley

2003-01-01

277

Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India  

PubMed Central

Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

2014-01-01

278

Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging academic field focused on sustainability has been engaged in a rich and converging debate to define what key\\u000a competencies are considered critical for graduating students to possess. For more than a decade, sustainability courses have\\u000a been developed and taught in higher education, yet comprehensive academic programs in sustainability, on the undergraduate\\u000a and graduate level, have emerged only over

Arnim WiekLauren Withycombe; Lauren Withycombe; Charles L. Redman

2011-01-01

279

The Coming Revolution in Competence Development: Using Serious Games to Improve Cross-Cultural Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approaches to competence development have tended to focus on training to reach a required level of performance in simple and\\u000a reproducible contexts, rather than in the more complex and hard-to-replicate contexts that characterize real-world projects,\\u000a especially projects that involve people from other cultures. This paper explores how the Serious Games approach can be exploited\\u000a to create skills in dealing with

Bjorn Andersen; Manuel Fradinho; Paul Lefrere; Veli-pekka Niitamo

2009-01-01

280

A Successful Competency-Based Writing Skills Development Programme: Results of an Experiment1  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a successful, semester-length writing skills development programme conducted at the University of Toronto Mississauga (UTM) with intermediate level undergraduate financial accounting students. The programme focused on improving students' writing in five competency areas: organization, grammar, style, professional writing and case writing. Effectiveness was assessed by means of a quasi-experiment involving a pre-test, post-test design with a treatment group

Russell Craig; C. Nicholas McKinney

2010-01-01

281

Developing Clinical Competencies to Assess Learning Needs and Outcomes: The Experience of the CS2day Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An outcomes-based education (OBE) approach was desired for the CS2day initiative, and the size and scope of the initiative compelled a consistent and cohesive framework in order to apply such an approach. A series of competency statements were developed to provide that framework. The competency statements were based on current clinical guidelines,…

McKeithen, Tom; Robertson, Sheila; Speight, Mike

2011-01-01

282

Supporting Early Childhood Teachers to Promote Children's Social Competence: Components for Best Professional Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing recognition that young children's social competence is critical because it is positively associated with their school readiness and academic success. However, professional development (PD) opportunities for early childhood teachers to enhance their roles in promoting young children's social competence are limited. In…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2014-01-01

283

Adaptive Evaluation Based on Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lifelong competence development and transfer of competencies acquisition is a tendency of global world and specifically for e-learning.. Generally, an instructional based-competence process consists in four single sub-processes, the competence definition, competence development, competence assessment process and certification. This paper presents a competence-based adaptive assessment process for judging competence of learners in the context of a virtual learning environment.

Silvia M. Baldiris; Ramón Fabregat Gesa

284

Competent psychopharmacology.  

PubMed

There is little doubt that undergraduate and post-graduate training of physicians, pharmacists, and nurses is insufficient to prepare them to use psychotropics safely and effectively, especially in the context of their expanded off-label uses. Therefore, the development of competencies in psychotropic prescribing needs to be approached as a long-term, practice-based learning commitment. Proposed are the abilities and knowledge components necessary for safe and effective use of psychotropics. Typical challenges in prescribing for chronic and recurrent illnesses include highly variable responses and tolerability, drug interactions, and adverse effects that can be serious, irreversible, and even fatal. Prescribing psychotropics is further complicated by negative public and professional reports and growing patient concerns about the quality of care, and questions about the efficacy, safety, and addictive risks of psychotropics. Increased efforts are needed to enhance clinical training and knowledge in psychopharmacology among trainees and practising clinicians, with more comprehensive and sustained attention to the assessment of individual patients, and greater reliance on patient education and collaboration. Improved competence in psychotropic prescribing should lead to more informed, thoughtful, and better-targeted applications as one component of more comprehensive clinical care. PMID:25161064

Gardner, David M

2014-08-01

285

Competent Psychopharmacology  

PubMed Central

There is little doubt that undergraduate and post-graduate training of physicians, pharmacists, and nurses is insufficient to prepare them to use psychotropics safely and effectively, especially in the context of their expanded off-label uses. Therefore, the development of competencies in psychotropic prescribing needs to be approached as a long-term, practice-based learning commitment. Proposed are the abilities and knowledge components necessary for safe and effective use of psychotropics. Typical challenges in prescribing for chronic and recurrent illnesses include highly variable responses and tolerability, drug interactions, and adverse effects that can be serious, irreversible, and even fatal. Prescribing psychotropics is further complicated by negative public and professional reports and growing patient concerns about the quality of care, and questions about the efficacy, safety, and addictive risks of psychotropics. Increased efforts are needed to enhance clinical training and knowledge in psychopharmacology among trainees and practising clinicians, with more comprehensive and sustained attention to the assessment of individual patients, and greater reliance on patient education and collaboration. Improved competence in psychotropic prescribing should lead to more informed, thoughtful, and better-targeted applications as one component of more comprehensive clinical care. PMID:25161064

Gardner, David M

2014-01-01

286

Neuromuscular medicine competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method of development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project endeavored to create an educational module including methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in the evaluation and appropriate treatment of patients with neuromuscular disorders. It further sought to verify acquired competencies in neuromuscular rehabilitation through objective evaluation methodology. An American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine board-certified physician with 10 yrs of clinical experience in neuromuscular and general rehabilitation trained 19 residents using a standardized competency-based module. The residents were trained through clinical training, lectures, and review of self-assessment examination concepts from the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation syllabus provided in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. After delivery of the educational module, knowledge acquisition and skill proficiency were measured in (1) completion of neuromuscular history and physical examination satisfactorily, (2) diagnosis and ability to design a patient care management plan via chart stimulated recall examinations, (3) physician-patient interaction via patient surveys, (4) physician-staff interaction via 360-degree global ratings, and (5) ability to write a comprehensive patient care report and to document a patient care management plan in accordance with Medicare guidelines via written patient reports. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. To test the success of the standardized educational module, data were collected on an ongoing basis. The objective measures compared resident self-assessment examination scores in neuromuscular rehabilitation before and after the institution of the comprehensive neuromuscular competency module in the residency program. Nineteen (100%) of 19 residents successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module by the end of the postgraduate year 2 inpatient neuromuscular rehabilitation rotation. Furthermore, the residents' proficiency, as demonstrated by the evaluation after the implementation of the standardized educational module, positively correlated with an increase in the residents' self-assessment examination scores in neuromuscular rehabilitation compared with the residents' scores before the educational module implementation throughout all 3 yrs of training. Resident proficiency in the skills and knowledge pertaining to neuromuscular rehabilitation were objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tool is evidenced by the collected data correlating with significantly improved self-assessment examination scores, as outlined in the "RESULTS" section. In addition, the clinical development tool was validated by the residents being individually observed performing history and physical examinations and being deemed competent by the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine board-certified physical medicine and rehabilitation physician. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical training area of neuromuscular rehabilitation. PMID:23128327

Lin, Lei; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Innerfield, Caitlin E; Strax, Thomas E; Petagna, Anne

2013-03-01

287

Developing a competency-based curriculum in HIV for nursing schools in Haiti  

PubMed Central

Background Preparing health workers to confront the HIV/AIDS epidemic is an urgent challenge in Haiti, where the HIV prevalence rate is 2.2% and approximately 10 100 people are taking antiretroviral treatment. There is a critical shortage of doctors in Haiti, leaving nurses as the primary care providers for much of the population. Haiti's approximately 1000 nurses play a leading role in HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment. However, nurses do not receive sufficient training at the pre-service level to carry out this important work. Methods To address this issue, the Ministry of Health and Population collaborated with the International Training and Education Center on HIV over a period of 12 months to create a competency-based HIV/AIDS curriculum to be integrated into the 4-year baccalaureate programme of the four national schools of nursing. Results Using a review of the international health and education literature on HIV/AIDS competencies and various models of curriculum development, a Haiti-based curriculum committee developed expected HIV/AIDS competencies for graduating nurses and then drafted related learning objectives. The committee then mapped these learning objectives to current courses in the nursing curriculum and created an 'HIV/AIDS Teaching Guide' for faculty on how to integrate and achieve these objectives within their current courses. The curriculum committee also created an 'HIV/AIDS Reference Manual' that detailed the relevant HIV/AIDS content that should be taught for each course. Conclusion All nursing students will now need to demonstrate competency in HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, skills and attitudes during periodic assessment with direct observation of the student performing authentic tasks. Faculty will have the responsibility of developing exercises to address the required objectives and creating assessment tools to demonstrate that their graduates have met the objectives. This activity brought different administrators, nurse leaders and faculty from four geographically dispersed nursing schools to collaborate on a shared goal using a process that could be easily replicated to integrate any new topic in a resource-constrained pre-service institution. It is hoped that this experience provided stakeholders with the experience, skills and motivation to strengthen other domains of the pre-service nursing curriculum, improve the synchronization of didactic and practical training and develop standardized, competency-based examinations for nursing licensure in Haiti. PMID:18759986

Knebel, Elisa; Puttkammer, Nancy; Demes, Adrien; Devirois, Ruth; Prismy, Mona

2008-01-01

288

The two putative comS homologs of the biotechnologically important Bacillus licheniformis do not contribute to competence development.  

PubMed

In Bacillus subtilis, natural genetic competence is subject to complex genetic regulation and quorum sensing dependent. Upon extracellular accumulation of the peptide-pheromone ComX, the membrane-bound sensor histidine kinase ComP initiates diverse signaling pathways by activating-among others-DegQ and ComS. While DegQ favors the expression of extracellular enzymes rather than competence development, ComS is crucial for competence development as it prevents proteolytic degradation of ComK, the key transcriptional activator of all genes required for the uptake and integration of DNA. In Bacillus licheniformis, ComX/ComP sensed cell density negatively influences competence development, suggesting differences from the quorum-sensing-dependent control mechanism in Bacillus subtilis. Here, we show that each of six investigated strains possesses both of two different, recently identified putative comS genes. When expressed from an inducible promoter, none of the comS candidate genes displayed an impact on competence development neither in B. subtilis nor in B. licheniformis. Moreover, disruption of the genes did not reduce transformation efficiency. While the putative comS homologs do not contribute to competence development, we provide evidence that the degQ gene as for B. subtilis negatively influences genetic competency in B. licheniformis. PMID:25520171

Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

2015-03-01

289

Competencies for Student Leadership Development in Doctor of Pharmacy Curricula to Assist Curriculum Committees and Leadership Instructors  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assist curriculum committees and leadership instructors by gathering expert opinion to define student leadership development competencies for pharmacy curricula. Methods. Twenty-six leadership instructors participated in a 3-round, online, modified Delphi process to define competencies for student leadership development in pharmacy curricula. Round 1 asked open-ended questions about leadership knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Round 2 grouped responses for agreement rating and comment. Round 3 allowed rating and comment on competencies not yet meeting consensus, which was prospectively set at 80%. Results. Eleven competencies attained 80% consensus or higher and were grouped into 3 areas: leadership knowledge, personal leadership commitment, and leadership skill development. Connections to contemporary leadership development literature were outlined for each competency as a means of verifying the panel’s work. Conclusions. The leadership competencies will aid students in addressing: What is leadership? Who am I as a leader? What skills and abilities do I need to be effective? The competencies will help curriculum committees and leadership instructors to focus leadership development opportunities, identify learning assessments, and define program evaluation. PMID:24371346

Traynor, Andrew P.; Boyle, Cynthia J.

2013-01-01

290

When nursing meets English: using a pathography to develop nursing students' culturally competent selves.  

PubMed

This article describes a collaboration between nursing and English faculty to pilot and study the use of a pathography to develop nursing students' cultural competence. The setting is a nursing program in an urban community college serving many foreign-born students. Interpreting a pathography was found to develop students' compassion for the patient and family. Exercises and assignments were used to challenge students to critically read complex transcultural interactions and apply relevant nursing concepts to analysis of these situations in health care delivery. The essay assignment presented challenges to students because of their writing skills. PMID:18575238

Slade, Diann; Thomas-Connor, Iona; Tsao, Ting Man

2008-01-01

291

A competency-based approach to recruiting, developing, and giving feedback to department chairs.  

PubMed

Academic health centers (AHCs) are under unprecedented pressure, making strong leadership during these challenging times critical. Department chairs have tremendous influence in their AHCs, yet data indicate that-despite outstanding academic credentials-they are often underprepared to take on these important leadership roles. The authors sought to improve the approach to recruiting, developing, and giving feedback to department chairs at their institution, the Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM), by reorganizing these processes around six key leadership competencies: leadership and team development, performance and talent management, vision and strategic planning, emotional intelligence, communication skills, and commitment to the tripartite mission. Over a two-year period (2009-2011), IUSM faculty and administrators developed standardized recruitment procedures to assess potential chairs based on the six leadership domains, and searches are now streamlined through centralized staff support in the dean's office. Additionally, IUSM offers a chair development series to support learning around these leadership competencies and to meet the stated professional development needs of the chairs. Finally, chairs receive structured feedback regarding their leadership (among other considerations) through two different assessment instruments, IUSM's Department Chair 360° Leadership Survey and IUSM's Faculty Vitality Survey-both of which the dean reviews annually. Strategically attending to the way that chairs are selected, developed, and given feedback has tremendous potential to increase the success of chairs and, in turn, to constructively shape the culture of AHCs. PMID:25607939

Palmer, Megan; Hoffmann-Longtin, Krista; Walvoord, Emily; Bogdewic, Stephen P; Dankoski, Mary E

2015-04-01

292

Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning has become a significant aspect of training and education in the worldwide information economy as an attempt to create and facilitate a competent global work force. "Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy" provides eclectic accounts of case studies in…

Olaniran, Bolanle A., Ed.

2010-01-01

293

The specificity and the development of social-emotional competence in a multi-ethnic-classroom  

PubMed Central

Background Ethnic diversity in schools increases due to globalization. Thus, the children's social-emotional competence development must be considered in the context of a multi-ethnic classroom. Methods In this study, the social-emotional competence of 65 Asian-American and Latin-American children was observed at the beginning and the end of their kindergarten year. Results Initially, significant differences existed among these ethnic groups in respect to moral reasoning. Furthermore, the male children showed more dysregulated aggression but the female children implemented more moral reasoning than their male counterparts. These ethnic specificities did not disappear over the course of the year. In addition, a significant change in avoidance strategies as well as expressed emotions in the narrative took place over the course of one year. Conclusion Ethnic specificity in social-emotional competence does exist independent of gender at the beginning as well as at the end of the kindergarten year in a multi-ethnic kindergarten classroom. PMID:19476622

Petrowski, Katja; Herold, Ulf; Joraschky, Peter; von Wyl, Agnes; Cierpka, Manfred

2009-01-01

294

The Effect of Computer Interactive Simulation on Situational Decision-Making and Competency Development of Experienced Staff Nurses  

E-print Network

THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER INTERACTIVE SIMULATION ON SITUATIONAL DECISION-MAKING AND COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIENCED STAFF NURSES ABSTRACT Simulation and gaming as learning methodologies are increasing in use. Many institutions, including...

Peterson, Bonnie Lou

2012-05-31

295

Do we develop public health leaders?- association between public health competencies and emotional intelligence: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Professional development of public health leaders requires a form of instruction which is competency-based to help them develop the abilities to address complex and evolving demands of health care systems. Concurrently, emotional intelligence (EI) is a key to organisational success. Our aim was twofold: i) to assess the relationship between the level of self-assessed public health and EI competencies among Master of European Public Health (MEPH) students and graduates at Maastricht University, and; ii) to determine the relationship between different groups of public health competencies and specific EI skills. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted including all recent MEPH graduates and students from 2009–2012, out of 67 eligible candidates N?=?51 were contacted and N?=?33 responded (11 males and 22 females; overall response: 64.7%).Two validated tools were employed: i) public health competencies self-assessment questionnaire, and; ii) Assessing Emotions Scale. Results Females scored higher than males in all seven domains of the self-assessed key public health competencies (NS) and emotional intelligence competences (P?=?0.022). Overall, the mean value of public health competencies was the lowest in students with “staff” preferences and the highest among students with mixed job preferences (P?competencies and the overall emotional intelligence competencies (r?=?0.61, P?competencies and EI attributes. It can contribute to the improvement of the educational content of PH curricula by rising awareness through self-assessment and supporting the identification of further educational needs related to leadership. PMID:24742091

2014-01-01

296

Plant vegetative and animal cytoplasmic actins share functional competence for spatial development with protists.  

PubMed

Actin is an essential multifunctional protein encoded by two distinct ancient classes of genes in animals (cytoplasmic and muscle) and plants (vegetative and reproductive). The prevailing view is that each class of actin variants is functionally distinct. However, we propose that the vegetative plant and cytoplasmic animal variants have conserved functional competence for spatial development inherited from an ancestral protist actin sequence. To test this idea, we ectopically expressed animal and protist actins in Arabidopsis thaliana double vegetative actin mutants that are dramatically altered in cell and organ morphologies. We found that expression of cytoplasmic actins from humans and even a highly divergent invertebrate Ciona intestinalis qualitatively and quantitatively suppressed the root cell polarity and organ defects of act8 act7 mutants and moderately suppressed the root-hairless phenotype of act2 act8 mutants. By contrast, human muscle actins were unable to support prominently any aspect of plant development. Furthermore, actins from three protists representing Choanozoa, Archamoeba, and green algae efficiently suppressed all the phenotypes of both the plant mutants. Remarkably, these data imply that actin's competence to carry out a complex suite of processes essential for multicellular development was already fully developed in single-celled protists and evolved nonprogressively from protists to plants and animals. PMID:22589468

Kandasamy, Muthugapatti K; McKinney, Elizabeth C; Roy, Eileen; Meagher, Richard B

2012-05-01

297

The Nurse Manager Academy: an innovative approach to managerial competency development.  

PubMed

The quality of nursing leadership has a powerful impact on nurse retention. Hospitals that employ effective nursing leaders report increased nursing satisfaction, increased group cohesiveness, decreased job stress, and decreased turnover (Wells, Roberts, & Medlin, 2002). The Institute for Johns Hopkins Nursing has developed a unique training program for nurse managers that employs a learner-centered approach and is designed to teach the leadership skills essential to successful nursing management. The Nurse Manager Academy prepares nurse managers to assume management roles with confidence and competence, making them more likely to succeed in one of the most challenging jobs in health care today. PMID:15495760

Maguire, Mairi Patricia; Spencer, Karen L; Sabatier, Kathleen H

2004-01-01

298

Competencies: A New Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

2002-01-01

299

45 CFR 270.11 - When must the States report the data and other information in order to compete for bonus awards?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...other information in order to compete for bonus awards? 270.11 Section 270.11...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HIGH PERFORMANCE BONUS AWARDS § 270.11 When must the States...other information in order to compete for bonus awards? (a) All measures....

2010-10-01

300

Plan for Your Professional Development. Module LT-E-3 of Category E--Professional and Staff Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of professional and staff development. The purpose of the module is to help administrators to analyze their professional needs and to devise and implement…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

301

I'm Positive, But I'm Negative: Competing Voices in Informed Consent and Implications for HIV Vaccine Trials.  

PubMed

HIV vaccine trials (HVTs) are ethically complex, and sound informed consent processes should facilitate optimal decision-making for participants. This study aimed to explore representations of critical HVT-related concepts to enhance the consent process. Four focus group discussions were conducted with participants from key constituencies at a South African HVT site. Thematic analysis was employed to identify representations of key HVT-related concepts. The findings suggest that (potential) participants may negotiate multiple, competing versions of HVT-related concepts in a somewhat unrecognized process, which may have significant implications for the consent process. Stakeholders involved in consent and engagement activities at sites should be assisted to elicit, engage, and resolve competing representations of HVT-related concepts. More empirical research is needed to explore how such stakeholders address competing representations in their interactions with potential participants. PMID:25819758

Rautenbach, Clinton; Lindegger, Graham; Slack, Catherine; Wallace, Melissa; Newman, Peter

2015-04-01

302

Early Iron Deficiency Enhances Stimulus-response Learning of Adult Rats in the Context of Competing Spatial Information  

PubMed Central

Iron deficiency early in life results in neurocognitive deficits that persist into adulthood despite iron treatment. The hippocampus is particularly vulnerable to iron deficiency during the fetal and neonatal periods as evidenced by poorer hippocampus-mediated spatial recognition learning. However, the extent to which early iron deficiency alters interactions between hippocampus-based and extra-hippocampus based learning systems remains undetermined. The present study used an ambiguous maze-learning task to examine the learning process in iron sufficient young adult rats that had recovered from iron deficiency in the fetal and neonatal period. Animals were presented with a stimulus response-learning task in the context of spatial information; a procedure designed to elicit competition between dorsal striatum- and hippocampus-based systems respectively. Formerly iron deficient adult rats showed enhanced stimulus-response learning in the context of competing spatial/distal cue information, a finding suggestive of reduced hippocampal functional influence. The study provides evidence that early iron deficiency alters how different learning systems develop and ultimately interact in adulthood. The potential unbalancing of activity among major memory systems during early life has been postulated by others as a relevant factor underlying the developmental origins of certain psychiatric disorders. PMID:22229050

Schmidt, Adam T.; Alvarez, Guillermo C.; Grove, William M.; Rao, Raghavendra; Georgieff, Michael K.

2011-01-01

303

Cultural diversity competencies in child and youth care services in Portugal: Development of two measures and a brief training program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few researchers have examined the training of child care workers in cultural diversity competencies, despite the growing number of ethnic minority children and youth in residential care. The present paper reports two studies. In study 1, we aimed to adapt and develop two measures of cultural diversity competencies—a self-report questionnaire and an objective measure based on a case vignette (n=51).

Carla Moleiro; Susana Marques; Pedro Pacheco

2011-01-01

304

From Research to Practice: Developing and Delivering a Culturally Competent Trauma Curriculum for Child Welfare Practitioners After 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the experiences of social work scholar-practitioners who developed and delivered a culturally competent trauma curriculum to child welfare practitioners in New York City in the aftermath of the World Trade Center terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. It explores the challenges in teaching practitioners culturally competent, evidence-based practice in general and trauma-related content in particular, offering orienting

Roni Berger; Patricia A. Joyce

2010-01-01

305

Development of a nursing practice based competency model for the Flemish master of nursing and obstetrics degree.  

PubMed

The aim was to identify a set of competences for the Flemish academic Master of Nursing and Obstetrics degree that answer perceived needs in health care. The competency model was to demonstrate a degree of consensus among key nurses. The study was conducted in all Flemish hospitals registered to have 400 beds or more. Head nurses of surgery, geriatrics and intensive care units were eligible to participate, as well as one nurse from administration per hospital. A two round Delphi process allowed participants to comment on items identified in an analysis of existing international competency profiles of master level nurses and adapted to the Flemish context. Competences agreed to by 90% of the respondents were considered to have consensus. Fifteen out of 19 eligible hospitals were recruited in the study, 45 nurses participated in the Delphi panel. Consensus was reached on 31 competences that can be assigned to 5 nurse's roles: nursing expert, innovator, researcher, educator and manager. The resulting competency profile is in accordance with published profiles for similar programs. The reported study demonstrates a practical method to develop a consensus competency model for an academic master program based on the input of key individuals in mainstream nursing. PMID:20399547

De Clercq, Gerlinde; Goelen, Guido; Danschutter, Dirk; Vermeulen, Joeri; Huyghens, Luc

2011-01-01

306

Informatics competencies for nursing and healthcare leaders.  

PubMed

Historically, educational preparation did not address informatics competencies; thus managers, administrators, or executives may not be prepared to use or lead change in the use of health information technologies. A number of resources for informatics competencies exist, however, a comprehensive list addressing the unique knowledge and skills required in the role of a manager or administrator was not found. The purpose of this study was to develop informatics competencies for nursing leaders. A synthesis of the literature and a Delphi approach using three rounds of surveys with an expert panel resulted in identification of informatics competencies for nursing leaders that address computer skills, informatics knowledge, and informatics skills. PMID:18998803

Westra, Bonnie L; Delaney, Connie W; Delaney, Connie

2008-01-01

307

Conspiracies and Competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universities and other higher education institutions are predominantly organizations that convey knowledge, more than developing competences - these are often the verbally proclaimed but only rarely achieved goals. There can be two reasons for this discrepancy. First, conveying informational as well as subject-specific and specialized knowledge can even today be planned, assessed, and checked much more easily than conveying competences - an approach for teaching, which needs new patterns of thought and actions. Teachers and learners, assistants and assessing staff, and especially actors and planners who are concerned with questions of educational politics therefore form a "conspiracy of assessors," which has chosen the simpler and seemingly safer approach. This approach, however, seems to be ignorant of future developments. Second, conveying competences needs different forms of learning and teaching than conveying knowledge. The question of the acquisition (interiorization) of rules, assessments, and results of assessments (= values) and norms in the form of the learners' own emotions and motivations is central. Becoming emotionally labilized is pivotal to this appropriation. Emotional labilization also provides a criterion for assessing the effectiveness of Web 2.0 instruments for developing competences.

Erpenbeck, John

308

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically…

McKown, Clark; Gumbiner, Laura M.; Russo, Nicole M.; Lipton, Meryl

2009-01-01

309

Developing Competencies in the Entrepreneurial Small Firm for Use of the Internet in the Management of Customer Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an adoption model depicting levels of awareness and value regarding the Internet, interviews with 25 entrepreneurs found the predominant reason for Internet adoption was information gathering and provision. Only one used it as a customer relations tool. Key competencies to enhance Internet use were identified. (Contains 56 references.) (SK)

McGowan, Pauric; Durkin, Mark G.; Allen, Lynsey; Dougan, Colette; Nixon, Sheena

2001-01-01

310

Assessing competence in nursing.  

PubMed

New pre- and post-registration nursing competencies are being developed, yet there is much debate about how to define and assess competence. This article outlines some of the features of the current debate. PMID:19639905

Murrells, Trevor; Robinson, Sarah; Griffiths, Peter

2009-07-01

311

Putting Competencies to Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency modeling is an attempt to describe work and jobs in a broader, more comprehensive way. Some organizations are restructuring their performance-management systems (interviewing, selecting, developing, rewarding, recognizing) around competence models. (SK)

Zemke, Ron; Zemke, Susan

1999-01-01

312

Identification of Critical Behaviors for the Child Development Associate, Competency Areas II, IV and VI, Based on a Comprehensive Model of Competence for the Brevard Community College Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavioral criteria for (1) determining child development associate (CDA) trainee competency, (2) awarding college credit, and (3) designing individualized learning programs in CDA competency areas 2, 4, and 6 are provided in this report of an applied research project. Designed to interrelate CDA and Cooperative Assessment of Experiential Learning…

Geier, Suzanne S.

313

Identification of the Critical Behaviors for the Child Development Associate, Competency Areas I, III and V, Based on a Comprehensive Model of Competence for the Brevard Community College Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavioral criteria for (1) determining child development associate (CDA) trainee competency, (2) awarding college credit, and (3) designing individualized learning programs in CDA competency areas 1, 3, and 5 are provided in this report of an applied research project. Designed to interrelate CDA and Cooperative Assessment of Experiential Learning…

Young, Barbara W.

314

Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

2008-01-01

315

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan

316

The MacArthur adjudicative competence study: development and validation of a research instrument.  

PubMed

Assessment of competence to stand trial is a common evaluation that can have substantial consequences for defendants and the criminal justice system. Despite a voluminous literature, much remains unknown. An obstacle to progress in understanding what is better termed "adjudicative competence" is the absence of structured, standardized research measures for assessment of defendants. This article presents the legal framework, assessment strategy, instrument description, psychometric properties, and construct validation of the MacArthur Structured Assessment of the Competencies of Criminal Defendants (MacSAC-CD). The measures meet or exceed accepted indices of internal consistency, and interscorer agreement. Observed patterns of correlations among measures support the underlying theoretical structure of competence-related abilities. Moreover, the MacSAC-CD distinguishes groups of competent and incompetent defendants; reflects changes in competence status; and correlates positively with clinical judgments, negatively with psychopathology and impaired cognitive functioning, and negligibly with cynicism toward the justice system. PMID:9146101

Hoge, S K; Bonnie, R J; Poythress, N; Monahan, J; Eisenberg, M; Feucht-Haviar, T

1997-04-01

317

Variation in rates of early development in Haliotis asinina generate competent larvae of different ages  

PubMed Central

Introduction Inter-specific comparisons of metazoan developmental mechanisms have provided a wealth of data concerning the evolution of body form and the generation of morphological novelty. Conversely, studies of intra-specific variation in developmental programs are far fewer. Variation in the rate of development may be an advantage to the many marine invertebrates that posses a biphasic life cycle, where fitness commonly requires the recruitment of planktonically dispersing larvae to patchily distributed benthic environments. Results We have characterised differences in the rate of development between individuals originating from a synchronised fertilisation event in the tropical abalone Haliotis asinina, a broadcast spawning lecithotrophic vetigastropod. We observed significant differences in the time taken to complete early developmental events (time taken to complete third cleavage and to hatch from the vitelline envelope), mid-larval events (variation in larval shell development) and late larval events (the acquisition of competence to respond to a metamorphosis inducing cue). We also provide estimates of the variation in maternally provided energy reserves that suggest maternal provisioning is unlikely to explain the majority of the variation in developmental rate we report here. Conclusions Significant differences in the rates of development exist both within and between cohorts of synchronously fertilised H. asinina gametes. These differences can be detected shortly after fertilisation and generate larvae of increasingly divergent development states. We discuss the significance of our results within an ecological context, the adaptive significance of mechanisms that might maintain this variation, and potential sources of this variation. PMID:22339806

2012-01-01

318

Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

2010-01-01

319

Stories of Personal Agency: Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Developing Intercultural Competence during a Semester Abroad in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of how students perceive their development of intercultural competence (IC), one of several study abroad learning outcomes, is important for better understanding how learning occurs in study abroad contexts. The purpose of this article is to explore undergraduate students' perceptions of developing IC during a semester abroad.…

Covert, Hannah H.

2014-01-01

320

Pedagogic Aspects of the Design and Content of an Online Course for the Development of Lexical Competence: ADELEX  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an online course for assessing and developing lexical competence which grew out of one simple question: How many words do our students have? We start by highlighting the importance of vocabulary teaching in the second language learning process and the beneficial effects of multimedia on developing lexis. The first response to…

Basanta, Carmen Perez

2004-01-01

321

Professional Development that Works: Shifting Preschool Teachers' Beliefs and Use of Instructional Strategies to Promote Children's Peer Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of a professional development (PD) experience on preschool teachers' instructional strategy development. Focusing on supporting young children's peer social competence as a common interest, preschool teachers were guided to design the specific contents of the PD workshops and were offered an on-site…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2012-01-01

322

New Developments in Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this conference was to: (1) improve reference and research library resources and services within its area by identifying, sharing and developing such resources and services and (2) further inter-library cooperation, communication and transportation of materials within the area of the Council. Aware that many information needs exist…

McAllister, Lois, Ed.

323

Genetic competence in Bacillus subtilis.  

PubMed Central

Genetic competence may be defined as a physiological state enabling a bacterial culture to bind and take up high-molecular-weight exogenous DNA (transformation). In Bacillus subtilis, competence develops postexponentially and only in certain media. In addition, only a minority of the cells in a competent culture become competent, and these are physiologically distinct. Thus, competence is subject to three regulatory modalities: growth stage specific, nutritionally responsive, and cell type specific. This review summarizes the present state of knowledge concerning competence in B. subtilis. The study of genes required for transformability has permitted their classification into two broad categories. Late competence genes are expressed under competence control and specify products required for the binding, uptake, and processing of transforming DNA. Regulatory genes specify products that are needed for the expression of the late genes. Several of the late competence gene products have been shown to be membrane localized, and others are predicted to be membrane associated on the basis of amino acid sequence data. Several of these predicted protein sequences show a striking resemblance to gene products that are involved in the export and/or assembly of extracellular proteins and structures in gram-negative organisms. This observation is consistent with the idea that the late products are directly involved in transport of DNA and is equally consistent with the notion that they play a morphogenetic role in the assembly of a transport apparatus. The competence regulatory apparatus constitutes an elaborate signal transduction system that senses and interprets environmental information and passes this information to the competence-specific transcriptional machinery. Many of the regulatory gene products have been identified and partially characterized, and their interactions have been studied genetically and in some cases biochemically as well. These include several histidine kinase and response regulator members of the bacterial two-component signal transduction machinery, as well as a number of known transcriptionally active proteins. Results of genetic studies are consistent with the notion that the regulatory proteins interact in a hierarchical way to make up a regulatory pathway, and it is possible to propose a provisional scheme for the organization of this pathway. It is remarkable that almost all of the regulatory gene products appear to play roles in the control of various forms of postexponential expression in addition to competence, e.g., sporulation, degradative-enzyme production, motility, and antibiotic production. This has led to the notion of a signal transduction network which transduces environmental information to determine the levels and timing of expression of the ultimate products characteristic of each of these systems. PMID:1943994

Dubnau, D

1991-01-01

324

Leadership development study :success profile competencies and high-performing leaders at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia is undergoing tremendous change. Sandia's executive management recognized the need for leadership development. About ten years ago the Business, Leadership, and Management Development department in partnership with executive management developed and implemented the organizational leadership Success Profile Competencies to help address some of the changes on the horizon such as workforce losses and lack of a skill set in the area of interpersonal skills. This study addresses the need for the Business, Leadership, and Management Development department to provide statistically sound data in two areas. One is to demonstrate that the organizational 360-degree success profile assessment tool has made a difference for leaders. A second area is to demonstrate the presence of high performing leaders at the Labs. The study utilized two tools to address these two areas. Study participants were made up of individuals who have solid data on Sandia's 360-degree success profile assessment tool. The second assessment tool was comprised of those leaders who participated in the Lockheed Martin Corporation Employee Preferences Survey. Statistical data supports the connection between leader indicators and the 360-degree assessment tool. The study also indicates the presence of high performing leaders at Sandia.

Becker, Katherine M.; Mulligan, Deborah Rae; Szenasi, Gail L.; Crowder, Stephen Vernon

2005-04-01

325

Four paradigms of information systems development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing computer-based information systems necessarily involves making a number of implicit and explicit assumptions. The authors examine four different approaches to information systems development.

Rudy Hirschheim; Heinz K. Klein

1989-01-01

326

Developing Competent Youth and Strong Communities through After-School Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the renewed attention given to community efforts supporting after-school activities to promote social competence in its youth, this book examines the concepts of play and rites of passage for youth. The book also discusses the contributions of various types of activities on youth social competency, presents a variety of perspectives for…

Danish, Steven J., Ed.; Gullotta, Thomas P., Ed.

327

Developing the Communicative Competence and Narrative Thinking of Four and Five Year Olds in Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's communicative competence is essential and predictive of their success in school. However, in England in recent years we have faced particular challenges inculcating this understanding into primary and early years teachers' practice. Furthermore, some studies have raised concerns about children's communicative competence on school entry.…

Wilde, Melanie E.; Sage, Rosemary

2007-01-01

328

Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice. Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers shows how intercultural competence can be realized in the classroom. The 17 chapters include the following: (1) "The International Partnership Project" (Carol Morgan); (2) "Teaching Intercultural Communicative Competence through Literature" (Eva Burwitz-Melzer); (3) "'Up the Hills of Identity'" (Elena Tarasheva and Leah…

Byram, Michael, Ed.; Nichols, Adam, Ed.; Stevens, David, Ed.

329

Developing Undergraduate Oral Communication Competency: The Center for Excellence in Oral Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considering the acknowledged importance of oral communication competency and the intense interest of communication scholars in terms of its definition, conceptualization, and assessment, a need now exists to systematically apply the communication competency construct to instruction of the university undergraduate. This paper outlines the…

Morreale, Sherwyn; And Others

330

Developing a Competency-Based Component for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies are identified for the four primary instructional areas of the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum: plant science, agricultural mechanics, natural resources, and animal science. The competencies for each instructional area are divided into those for exploratory units generally appropriate for instruction at the…

EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

331

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

332

Competencies: a new sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines the processes involved in the development of a competency based framework for use by middle managers of three-star Irish hotels within rooms division and the food and beverage department. Secondary research provides an overview of existing generic competency models. Competency models and frameworks have been applied and customised across a broad range of industry sectors. Seeks to address the

Monica Brophy; Tony Kiely

2002-01-01

333

Building information and communication competence in a collaborative learning environment (K3)  

E-print Network

competence better than traditional methods of instruction. The collaborative, communicative paradigm of K3 is supported by asynchronous communication tools as a means of constructivist learning methodology. In summer of behaviouristic teaching methods like traditional lecturing and constructivist teaching methods in collaborative

Kuhlen, Rainer

334

Cultural Competence in Medical Education: Aligning the Formal, Informal and Hidden Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of cultural competence has become reified by inclusion as an accreditation standard in the US and Canada, in New Zealand it is demanded through an Act of Parliament, and it pervades discussion in Australian medical education discourse. However, there is evidence that medical graduates feel poorly prepared to deliver cross-cultural care…

Paul, David; Ewen, Shaun C.; Jones, Rhys

2014-01-01

335

Safety in numbers 3: Authenticity, Building knowledge & skills and Competency development & assessment: the ABC of safe medication dosage calculation problem-solving pedagogy.  

PubMed

When designing learning and assessment environments it is essential to articulate the underpinning education philosophy, theory, model and learning style support mechanisms that inform their structure and content. We elaborate on original PhD research that articulates the design rationale of authentic medication dosage calculation problem-solving (MDC-PS) learning and diagnostic assessment environments. These environments embody the principles of authenticity, building knowledge and skills and competency assessment and are designed to support development of competence and bridging of the theory-practice gap. Authentic learning and diagnostic assessment environments capture the features and expert practices that are located in real world practice cultures and recreate them in authentic virtual clinical environments. We explore how this provides students with a safe virtual authentic environment to actively experience, practice and undertake MDC-PS learning and assessment activities. We argue that this is integral to the construction and diagnostic assessment of schemata validity (mental constructions and frameworks that are an individual's internal representation of their world), bridging of the theory-practice gap and cognitive and functional competence development. We illustrate these principles through the underpinning pedagogical design of two online virtual authentic learning and diagnostic assessment environments (safeMedicate and eDose™). PMID:23177732

Weeks, Keith W; Meriel Hutton, B; Coben, Diana; Clochesy, John M; Pontin, David

2013-03-01

336

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

337

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

338

The Development Model of Knowledge Management via Web-Based Learning to Enhance Pre-Service Teacher's Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores that the model of knowledge management and web technology for teachers' professional development as well as its impact in the classroom on learning and teaching, especially in pre-service teacher's competency and practices that refer to knowledge creating, analyzing, nurturing, disseminating, and optimizing process as part…

Rampai, Nattaphon; Sopeerak, Saroch

2011-01-01

339

Development and Field Test of Competency Based Instructional Material for a Career Mobility Program for Licensed Practical Nurses. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Associate Degree Nursing Program at Bergen Community College developed and field tested competency-based instructional modules in a program designed to allow licensed practical nurses to qualify to take the certification examination for registered nurses after a year of study. Thirteen licensed practical nurses were enrolled in the first class…

Bergen Community Coll., Paramus, NJ.

340

Making Standards Work! History. A Teacher's Guide to Contextual Learning: Integrating Academic Content Standards with Career Development and Workplace Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended for Colorado teachers responsible for teaching history to students in grades K-12, explains how to use the principles of contextual learning to integrate academic content standards with career development and workplace competencies. The introduction discusses the guide's purpose, the role of standards and…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

341

Development of an Item Bank for Assessing Generic Competences in a Higher-Education Institute: A Rasch Modelling Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development and validation of an item bank designed for students to assess their own achievements across an undergraduate-degree programme in seven generic competences (i.e., problem-solving skills, critical-thinking skills, creative-thinking skills, ethical decision-making skills, effective communication skills, social…

Xie, Qin; Zhong, Xiaoling; Wang, Wen-Chung; Lim, Cher Ping

2014-01-01

342

Retrospective Reflection: Insight into Pre-Service School Librarians' Competencies and Skill Development as Revealed through Field Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to expand our understanding of how educators, and in particular school librarians, acquire and use professional-practice knowledge. This exploratory study, grounded in "lived practice" (Spillane, Hunt, and Healey, 2009) uses reflective analysis to amplify competencies and skill development in pre-service school library education.…

Stefl-Mabry, Joette; Dequoy, Elyse; Stevens, Sandra

2012-01-01

343

Development and Implementation of the Culturally Competent Program with Cambodians: The Pilot Psycho-Social-Cultural Treatment Group Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most Southeast Asians (SEAs) came to the United States as refugees after the fall of Saigon in 1975. Among SEAs, Cambodians were known to be the most traumatized ethnic group with severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, a conceptual framework of culturally competent practice for Cambodians is still in the early stages of development. The current pilot study sought to

Meekyung Han; Miguel Valencia; Yeon Soo Lee; Judy De Leon

2012-01-01

344

Student Perceptions of Teacher Support and Competencies for Fostering Youth Purpose and Positive Youth Development: Perspectives from Two Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the growing interest in the development of purpose in youth, one important role that requires attention is the school teacher. The current article explores student perceptions of the role teachers can play in fostering purpose in their students in the mid- and late adolescent years, and the teacher competencies that facilitate purpose…

Bundick, Matthew J.; Tirri, Kirsi

2014-01-01

345

Degrees Offered: None The goal of the U.S. Army ROTC program is to develop technically competent,  

E-print Network

1 Degrees Offered: None The goal of the U.S. Army ROTC program is to develop technically competent and as a science.The leadership and managerial experience gained through ROTC provides great benefit for students at the University of Houston. The financial aid available to a ROTC student may be used for Rice courses as well

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

346

Degrees Offered: None The goal of the U.S.Army ROTC program is to develop technically competent,physi-  

E-print Network

220 Degrees Offered: None The goal of the U.S.Army ROTC program is to develop technically competent and as a science.The leadership and managerial experience gained through ROTC provides great benefit for students of Houston.The financial aid available to a ROTC student may be used for Rice courses as well

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

347

Degrees Offered: None The goal of the U.S. Army ROTC program is to develop technically competent,  

E-print Network

Degrees Offered: None The goal of the U.S. Army ROTC program is to develop technically competent and as a science.The leadership and managerial experience gained through ROTC provides great benefit for students at the University of Houston. The financial aid available to a ROTC student may be used for Rice courses as well

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

348

Degrees Offered: None The goal of the U.S.Army ROTC program is to develop technically competent,physi-  

E-print Network

214 Degrees Offered: None The goal of the U.S.Army ROTC program is to develop technically competent and as a science.The leadership and managerial experience gained through ROTC provides great benefit for students of Houston.The financial aid available to a ROTC student may be used for Rice courses as well

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

349

Direct Curriculum Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to direct the curriculum development process, this competency-based module contains an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience consists of an overview, required and optional learning activities, a self-check…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

350

The Use of Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) within a Constructivist Learning Environment to Develop Core Competencies in Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achieving foundation-level practice behaviors to develop social work core competencies involves integrating learning across a curriculum. This article focuses on two phases of foundation-level course redevelopment aimed to support graduate students in accomplishing this outcome. The first phase involved restructuring the course to become a…

Fire, Nancy; Casstevens, W. J.

2013-01-01

351

Developing Competencies in University Education: Linking with Secondary Education and the Work World. A Perspective from Social Psychology in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-fold research challenge, focused on the following general, interrelated questions, is undertaken in this study: (1) How does one develop competencies required in different university degrees in order to adequately function both as a person in society as well as in professional practice? (2) What role do Institutions of Higher Education,…

Lucas, Susana

2007-01-01

352

Exploratory Program for Auto Mechanics: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for an exploratory program in auto mechanics. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and postsecondary…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

353

Service Center Mechanic: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of service center mechanic. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

354

Geography, Economic Education and Global Education: European and Austrian Aspects of the "Fifobi--Developing Business Competencies in School" Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The EU-funded research project "Fifobi--Fit for Business--developing business competencies in school" (2009-2012) focused on the implementation of economic education in seven European countries. The purpose of the project and this paper is to investigate the current programmes that exist within the final two years of compulsory education…

Schwarz, Ingrid

2012-01-01

355

Assessing Staff Competence at Implementing a Multifaceted Residential Program for Youth: Development and Initial Psychometrics of a Staff Observation Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of the Staff Implementation Observation Form, an instrument to assess staff competence delivering an intervention to youth in group home care with behavioral or emotional disorders. This instrument assesses staff skill at implementing the key treatment components, including building relationships with youth,…

Hurley, Kristin Duppong; Shaw, Tanya; Thompson, Ron; Griffith, Annette; Farmer, Elizabeth M.; Tierney, Jeff

2006-01-01

356

Development of Interactional Competence in L2 Japanese during Study Abroad: The Use of Modal Expressions in Recipient Actions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates the processes in which second language (L2) speakers of Japanese develop their interactional competence in using modal expressions (e.g., "ne" [I share your view], "kamo" [maybe]) as recipients during study abroad. Although previous research has found that beginning learners of Japanese use the acknowledging receipt…

Ishida, Midori

2010-01-01

357

Development of physical therapy student cultural competency through international community service.  

PubMed

Many healthcare professions students are unaware of their own ethnocentrism, and movement along the continuum of cultural competence may not be possible until the students encounter individuals whose cultural beliefs, values, and needs differ significantly from their own. This project was an example of an international community service immersion experience in Nicaragua that led to increased cultural competency of five physical therapy students. Through immersion, the students progressed from cultural blindness to cultural precompetence. To further foster student cultural competence, the conceptual framework needs to reflect the multiple facets of an individual's identity and influences on behavior change. PMID:18314814

Dupre, Anne-Marie; Goodgold, Shelley

2007-01-01

358

Exploring Middle School Students' Representational Competence in Science: Development and Verification of a Framework for Learning with Visual Representations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific knowledge is constructed and communicated through a range of forms in addition to verbal language. Maps, graphs, charts, diagrams, formulae, models, and drawings are just some of the ways in which science concepts can be represented. Representational competence---an aspect of visual literacy that focuses on the ability to interpret, transform, and produce visual representations---is a key component of science literacy and an essential part of science reading and writing. To date, however, most research has examined learning from representations rather than learning with representations. This dissertation consisted of three distinct projects that were related by a common focus on learning from visual representations as an important aspect of scientific literacy. The first project was the development of an exploratory framework that is proposed for use in investigations of students constructing and interpreting multimedia texts. The exploratory framework, which integrates cognition, metacognition, semiotics, and systemic functional linguistics, could eventually result in a model that might be used to guide classroom practice, leading to improved visual literacy, better comprehension of science concepts, and enhanced science literacy because it emphasizes distinct aspects of learning with representations that can be addressed though explicit instruction. The second project was a metasynthesis of the research that was previously conducted as part of the Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science project (Pacific CRYSTAL, http://www.educ.uvic.ca/pacificcrystal). Five overarching themes emerged from this case-to-case synthesis: the engaging and effective nature of multimedia genres, opportunities for differentiated instruction using multimodal strategies, opportunities for assessment, an emphasis on visual representations, and the robustness of some multimodal literacy strategies across content areas. The third project was a mixed-methods verification study that was conducted to refine and validate the theoretical framework. This study examined middle school students' representational competence and focused on students' creation of visual representations such as labelled diagrams, a form of representation commonly found in science information texts and textbooks. An analysis of the 31 Grade 6 participants' representations and semistructured interviews revealed five themes, each of which supports one or more dimensions of the exploratory framework: participants' use of color, participants' choice of representation (form and function), participants' method of planning for representing, participants' knowledge of conventions, and participants' selection of information to represent. Together, the results of these three projects highlight the need for further research on learning with rather than learning from representations.

Tippett, Christine Diane

359

Cosmetology. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 17 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

360

Development of an evaluation framework suitable for assessing humanitarian workforce competencies during crisis simulation exercises.  

PubMed

The need to provide a professionalization process for the humanitarian workforce is well established. Current competency-based curricula provided by existing academically affiliated training centers in North America, the United Kingdom, and the European Union provide a route toward certification. Simulation exercises followed by timely evaluation is one way to mimic the field deployment process, test knowledge of core competences, and ensure that a competent workforce can manage the inevitable emergencies and crises they will face. Through a 2011 field-based exercise that simulated a humanitarian crisis, delivered under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO), a competency-based framework and evaluation tool is demonstrated as a model for future training and evaluation of humanitarian providers. PMID:24429109

Cranmer, Hilarie; Chan, Jennifer L; Kayden, Stephanie; Musani, Altaf; Gasquet, Philippe E; Walker, Peter; Burkle, Frederick M; Johnson, Kirsten

2014-02-01

361

Student Perception of Teaching Effectiveness: Development and Validation of the Evaluation of Teaching Competencies Scale (ETCS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major criticism of student evaluations of teaching is that they do not reflect student perspectives. Using critical incidents job analysis, students identified nine teaching effectiveness competencies: communication, availability, creativity, individual consideration, social awareness, feedback, professionalism, conscientiousness and…

Catano, Victor M.; Harvey, Steve

2011-01-01

362

B2B seller competence: Construct development and measurement using a supply chain strategy lens  

Microsoft Academic Search

In less than a decade, Internet-enabled business-to-business (B2B) commerce has become central to supply chain management. But little is known about the infrastructural competencies required for manufacturers engaged in Internet-enabled activities with downstream business customers. This paper aims to take a first step in operationalizing a set of new, multi-item measures that tap into infrastructural (or “soft”) competencies required for

Eve D. Rosenzweig; Aleda V. Roth

2007-01-01

363

Studio Learning: Motivation, Competence, and the Development of Young Art Students' Talent and Creativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on behavior associated with young art students' developing artistic talent (skills and art-making behavior) and creativity (personal expressions of visual information). The study examined the relationships among age and the components of creativity (i.e., technical skill, problem finding, ideation, evaluation, and motivation). The study compared the artistic processing and products of 25 younger art students (9- and

Susan M. Rostan

2010-01-01

364

A Competency-Based Approach to Preparing Staff as Recreation and Youth Development Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth are often the primary group for parks and recreation organizations, yet recreation professionals are often not adequately prepared in the principles and practices of youth development. Similarly, youth workers outside the recreation field often lack information on basic recreation program design and activity leadership. Improving access to…

Barcelona, Robert J.; Hurd, Amy R.; Bruggeman, Jennifer A.

2011-01-01

365

What is e-Competence? Conceptual Framework and Implications for Faculty Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter develops a theoretical framework for the concept of e-Competence, and it investigates the principles of the methodical\\u000a design of competence development measures for faculty. e-Competence is grounded in the motivation and capability of faculty\\u000a members to use information and communication technologies (ICT). A literature review extracts the key components of action\\u000a competence and integrates them into a holistic

Dirk Schneckenberg

2010-01-01

366

A core competency model for aligning information technology with business objectives  

E-print Network

Advances in Information Technology and Information Systems delivery over the past decades have restructured industries and created enormous value. Interestingly however, research shows companies traditionally have a very ...

Campbell, Kurt (Kurt A.)

2007-01-01

367

Evaluating medico-legal decisional competency criteria.  

PubMed

In this paper I get clearer on the considerations that ought to inform the evaluation and development of medico-legal competency criteria-where this is taken to be a question regarding the abilities that ought to be needed for a patient to be found competent in medico-legal contexts. In the "Decisional Competency in Medico-Legal Contexts" section I explore how the question regarding the abilities that ought to be needed for decisional competence is to be interpreted. I begin by considering an interpretation that takes the question to be asking about the abilities needed to satisfy an idealized view of competent decision-making, according to which decisional competency is a matter of possessing those abilities or attributes that are needed to engage in good or effective or, perhaps, substantially autonomous or rational decision-making. The view has some plausibility-it accords with the way decisional competency is understood in a number of everyday contexts-but fails as an interpretation of the question regarding the abilities that should be needed for decisional competence in medico-legal contexts. Nevertheless, consideration of why it is mistaken suggests a more accurate interpretation and points the way in which the question regarding the evaluation of medico-legal competency criteria is to be answered. Building on other scholarly work in the area, I outline in the "Primary and Secondary Requirements" section several requirements that decisional competence criteria ought to satisfy. Then, in the "Applying the Framework" section, I say something about the extent to which medico-legal competency criteria, as well as some models of decisional competency proposed in the academic literature, fulfil those requirements. PMID:23807736

Whiting, Demian

2015-06-01

368

Religious competence as cultural competence  

PubMed Central

Definitions of cultural competence often refer to the need to be aware and attentive to the religious and spiritual needs and orientations of patients. However, the institution of psychiatry maintains an ambivalent attitude to the incorporation of religion and spirituality into psychiatric practice. This is despite the fact that many patients, especially those from underserved and underprivileged minority backgrounds, are devotedly religious and find much solace and support in their religiosity. I use the case of mental health of African Americans as an extended example to support the argument that psychiatric services must become more closely attuned to religious matters. I suggest ways in which this can be achieved. Attention to religion can aid in the development of culturally competent and accessible services, which in turn, may increase engagement and service satisfaction among religious populations. PMID:22421686

2012-01-01

369

Enterprise Information Architecture for Mission Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the concept of an information architecture to assist in mission development. The integrate information architecture will create a unified view of the information using metadata and the values (i.e., taxonomy).

Dutra, Jayne

2007-01-01

370

Reflection: a critical proficiency essential to the effective development of a high competence in communication.  

PubMed

Reflection, or the ability to step back from an experience and consider it critically, in an analytical, non-subjective manner, is an essential aspect of problem solving and decision making, and also of effective communication with clients and colleagues. Reflective practice has been described as the essence of professionalism and is therefore a core professional skill; rarely, however, has it been explicitly taught in veterinary curricula, and it has only a recent history in undergraduate human medical curricula. We describe here two preliminary case studies, one in a veterinary medical education context and the other within a human medical education framework, as examples of approaches to assessing a student's ability for ''reflection.'' The case studies also illustrate some of the key principles. Both of the case studies described had as their end goal the enhancement of communication skills through critical reflection. At Monash University, Australia, the majority of students were assessed as being at a level of ''reflection in development.'' The students in the Ontario Veterinary College case study showed moderately good use of self-awareness and critical reflection as a basis for modifying and integrating communication skills into practice. While both preliminary case studies point to the fact that students recognize the importance of communication and value the opportunity to practice it, few students in either case study identified the importance of reflection for lifelong learning and professional competence. Opportunities to complete critical reflection exercises in other parts of curricula and outside of communication would likely reinforce its importance as a generic skill. Ongoing scholarly approaches to teaching, learning, and evaluating reflection and self-awareness are needed. PMID:16767639

Adams, Cindy L; Nestel, Debra; Wolf, Peter

2006-01-01

371

Can Cultural Competency Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities? a Review and Conceptual Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a conceptual model of cultural competency's potential to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities, using the cultural competency and disparities litera- ture to lay the foundation for the model and inform assessments of its validity. The authors identify nine major cultural competency techniques: interpreter services, recruitment and retention policies, training, coordinating with traditional healers, use of community

Cindy Brach; Irene Fraserirector

2000-01-01

372

Task completion competency and project management performance: The influence of control and user contribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research examines the relationship between competency and success in the information systems project environment. The links, however, are not well established and the antecedents of competency not well explored. We model the link between general task completion competency and performance of development teams with two crucial antecedents built by other stakeholders, the contribution of users and controls established by

Julie Yu-Chih Liu; Henry Houn-Gee Chen; James J. Jiang; Gary Klein

2010-01-01

373

Humor Competence: The Fifth Component.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The production and understanding of humor calls for a specific competence. It appears that second language learners fail to develop this competence even when they reach native-like proficiency levels. A review of the literature suggests that the notion of humor competence in second language learning has not been examined. Humor competence can be…

Vega, Gladys M.

374

Welding. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a welding program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability skills needed…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

375

Developing a Reading Sequential Competency System. A Guide for ABE Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by adult basic education (ABE) instructors who are organizing or reorganizing their reading programs for individualized instruction, this guide outlines the ABE Reading Sequential Competency System (SCS). The main benefits of this particular system for reading are that it delineates a sequence of reading skills, allows the…

Drabek, Jane

376

Developing and Assessing Multicultural Competence with a Focus on Culture and Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The search for culturally appropriate art therapy practice has historically focused on personal exploration and the infusion of a multicultural perspective in academic and applied experiences. The purpose of this article is to strengthen awareness of the personal and professional competencies necessary for culturally responsible practice. Three…

ter Maat, Mercedes B.

2011-01-01

377

Interventional pain management skills competency in pain medicine fellows: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

The purposes of this project were to propose an educational module to instruct pain medicine fellows in the appropriate performance of interventional pain management techniques and to verify procedural competency through objective evaluation methodology. Eight board-certified pain medicine physicians spanning two fellowship programs trained seven fellows using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (American Board of Anesthesiology Pain Medicine Content Outline). The seven fellows demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module. Objective measures compared the fellows' performance on standardized procedure checklists administered 9 mos into training; fellows in the 2012-2013 academic year also received testing at the 3-mo mark. Support for the assessment module is demonstrated by appropriate performance of interventional procedures, with improvement noted from 3-mo to 9-mo testing, successful completion of chart-stimulated oral examinations, proper performance of relevant physical examination maneuvers, and completion of program-specific medical knowledge written tests. The fellows were evaluated via patient surveys and 360-degree global rating scales, maintained procedure logs, and completed two patient-care reports; these were reviewed by program directors to ensure adequate completion. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology presented provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of interventional pain management. PMID:25033098

McElroy, Kevin; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Perret-Karimi, Danielle; Hata, Justin; Ferrer, Steven M; Demesmin, Didier; Petagna, Ann Marie

2014-08-01

378

A Teacher Competence Development Programme for Supporting Students' Reflection Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to evaluate a training programme for Dutch teachers in six institutes for nursing education to support students' reflection skills. The research question was: what are the feasibility, quality and effects of the programme? The training programme focused on four competences of teachers regarding instructing, guiding, giving…

Dekker-Groen, Agaath M.; van der Schaaf, Marieke F.; Stokking, Karel M.

2013-01-01

379

Developing People's Ability To Learn. European Perspectives on Self-Learning Competency and Technological Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book outlines the process and outcomes of the EUROTECNET Self-Learning Competency research project that was launched in 1989. (EUROTECNET is a program designed to promote educational responses that will enable the European Community to create technological innovations in the workplace.) Part I, Technological Change and the Need for a…

Nyhan, Barry

380

Workplace-Based Competence Measurement: Developing Innovative Assessment Systems for Tomorrow's VET Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a consequence of the large-scale assessment studies (TIMMS; PISA) in compulsory schooling, attention is now being given to the modelling and measurement of competencies in initial vocational education and training. This new output-led perspective of teaching/training and learning/working processes demands new approaches to research. Using the…

Achtenhagen, Frank; Winther, Esther

2014-01-01

381

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TEST OF DEAF CHILDREN'S LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A PENCIL-AND-PAPER TEST WAS CONSTRUCTED TO STUDY DEAF CHILDREN'S LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE (ABILITY TO PRODUCE AND COMPREHEND THE GRAMMATICAL SENTENCES COMPRISING A LANGUAGE). THE TEST WAS TO REFLECT LINGUISTIC ASPECTS OF A CHILD'S BEHAVIOR, BUT NOT EXTRALINGUISTIC ASPECTS SUCH AS READING AND WRITING. IT CONSISTED OF FIVE SUBTESTS--(1) REPETITION OF…

COOPER, ROBERT L.; KAYE, JONATHAN D.

382

Achievement Gap and Developing Cultural Competency Skills for Post-Secondary Teacher Education Program Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emphasis on multicultural education and cultural competency has been a popular subject among teacher educators and scholars (Cochran-Smith, 2001; Ladson-Billings, 1995, 1999a, 1999b; Ladson-Billings, 2003, 2006; Perry, Moore, Acosta, Edwards, & Frey, 2006; Sleeter, 2008, 2009; Sleeter & Stillman, 2005; Sleeter,1991, 2001, 2008; Sleeter &…

Ozturgut, Osman

2012-01-01

383

Developing Interactional Competence by Using TV Series in "English as an Additional Language" Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses a combined methodology to analyse the conversations in supplementary audio-visual materials to be implemented in language teaching classrooms in order to enhance the Interactional Competence (IC) of the learners. Based on a corpus of 90.000 words (Coupling Corpus), the author tries to reveal the potentials of using TV series in …

Sert, Olcay

2009-01-01

384

Developing Intercultural Competence through Blended Learning: The Role of Peer Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to increase US competitiveness in the world economy is a driving factor in the recent push to internationalize university campuses across the country. Technical and subject area expertise are no longer sufficient to succeed in the 21st-century global workplace. Intercultural competence is becoming more valued as part of the desired…

Risner, Mary E.

2011-01-01

385

L2C: Designing Simulation-based Learning Experiences for Collaboration Competencies Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective collaboration dynamics are at the core of learning, knowledge exchange and innovation processes. Nevertheless, in today's global environment, a large number of collaboration initiatives fail to deliver the value expected, as complexity is increased by the diversity and the distributed nature of the people, groups, and knowledge sources and by the knowledge integration processes involved. Effective collaboration competencies are

Albert A. Angehrn

386

The Purposes of and Competencies Developed Through Occupational Experience for Vocational Education Teachers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to define the role of occupational experience in preparing vocational business and office education teachers. A multistep procedure was utilized to identify purposes of occupational experience and to validate teaching competencies. Second, a literature review was completed to generate a list of purposes of…

Burrow, Jim; Groneman, Nancy

387

A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were 88…

Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

2013-01-01

388

Behavior Individuality and the Development of Social Competence among Preschool Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes three related studies of 3- to 5-year-old children's temperament and its relationship to their social competence, ability to solve interpersonal problems, locus of control, parent behavior and teacher/child interactions. Fifty-eight children, predominantly middle class participants in a laboratory preschool, and their…

Nelson, Jo Ann N.; Simmerer, Norma J.

389

Advancing Development of Intercultural Competence through Supporting Predictions in Narrative Video  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most successes in intelligent tutoring systems have come in well-defined domains like algebra or physics. We investigate how to support students in acquiring ill-defined skills of intercultural competence using an online environment that employs clips of feature films from a target culture. To test the effectiveness of a set of attention-focusing…

Ogan, Amy; Aleven, Vincent; Jones, Christopher

2009-01-01

390

Developing Teachers' Cultural Competence: One Teacher Educator's Practice of Unpacking Student Culturelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article responds to the call to examine approaches and strategies that are practiced or should be practiced in teacher education programs to ensure teachers' cultural competence for effective teaching in a multicultural democracy. As part of a larger study on a self-study that examined the author's practice of teaching diversity courses in teacher education that spans over 15 years,

Omiunota Ukpokodu

2011-01-01

391

A Child's Development of Interactional Competence in a Swedish L2 Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores a child's emergent second language (L2) interactional competence during her first year in a Swedish immersion classroom. Within the theoretical framework of situated learning, it focuses on how she acquires expertise in a specific classroom practice: multiparty classroom talk. The data cover three periods (the early, middle,…

Cekaite, Asta

2007-01-01

392

Implementing Key Competences in Basic Education: Reflections on Curriculum Design and Development in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of competence is a recent introduction into the curricula of the Spanish education system, and applies to vocational training and university, but also to basic education. In both cases, the meaning and use of the term have differed, sometimes giving rise to confusion. There can be no doubt, however, that this incorporation has been of…

Tiana, Alejandro; Moya, Jose; Luengo, Florencio

2011-01-01

393

Developing a Portfolio of Intercultural Competences in Teacher Education: The Case of a Finnish International Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of intercultural competences is contested, although it is omnipresent in varied fields of research and practice. Its assessment is also questioned: how can it be done? By whom? When? Should assessment be summative or formative-or both? In order to be able to assess anything, learning and teaching objectives must be clear, coherent, and…

Dervin, Fred; Hahl, Kaisa

2015-01-01

394

A Model for Developing and Assessing Tactical Decision-Making Competency in Game Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All teachers want their students to become better game players who are motivated to participate in and outside of class. Students need to learn how to make good tactical decisions, in addition to being skilled movers, in order to become competent game players. When students make better tactical decisions, they experience more success and therefore…

Pagnano-Richardson, Karen; Henninger, Mary L.

2008-01-01

395

Development of a Moodle Course for Schoolchildren's Table Tennis Learning Based on Competence Motivation Theory: Its Effectiveness in Comparison to Traditional Training Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Competence Motivation Theory (CMT), a Moodle course for schoolchildren's table tennis learning was developed (The URL is http://www.bssepp.com, and this course allows guest access). The effects of the course on students' knowledge, perceived competence and interest were evaluated through quantitative methods. The sample of the study…

Zou, Junhua; Liu, Qingtang; Yang, Zongkai

2012-01-01

396

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Appraise the Personnel Development Needs of Vocational Teachers. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on appraising the personnel development needs of vocational teachers is one of six competency based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It reviews the type of observable classroom and laboratory competencies a teacher should possess, the concepts and principles…

Hobart, Barry; And Others

397

Universal Actability: Towards an Integral Understanding of Universal Usability, (Intercultural) Action Competence, and Information Systems Actability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The approach to information systems actability emphasizes the social action character of information systems and its social context. It aims at a pragmatically and social sensitive approach to information systems. This paper extends the scope and focus of this approach by suggesting a research framework called universal actability. The research framework advocates for an integral understanding of universal usability, human

Fahri Yetim

398

The MacArthur Treatment Competence Study. I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first of three papers reporting the results of the MacArthur Treatment Competence Study, a project designed to develop reliable and valid information with which to address clinical and policy questions regarding the abilities of persons with mental illness to make decisions about psychiatric treatment. Four commonly applied legal standards for determining decision-making competence are described: abilities to

Paul S. Appelbaum; Thomas Grisso

1995-01-01

399

Computer Sciences Applied to Management at Open University of Catalonia: Development of Competences of Teamworks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teamwork is considered one of the most important professional skills in today's business environment. More specifically, the collaborative work between professionals and information technology managers from various functional areas is a strategic key in competitive business. Several university-level programs are focusing on developing these skills. This article presents the case of the course Computer Science Applied to Management (hereafter CSAM) that has been designed with the objective to develop the ability to work cooperatively in interdisciplinary teams. For their design and development have been addressed to the key elements of efficiency that appear in the literature, most notably the establishment of shared objectives and a feedback system, the management of the harmony of the team, their level of autonomy, independence, diversity and level of supervision. The final result is a subject in which, through a working virtual platform, interdisciplinary teams solve a problem raised by a case study.

Pisa, Carlos Cabañero; López, Enric Serradell

400

Hepatitis C Virus Infection Increases Risk of Developing End-Stage Renal Disease Using Competing Risk Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are closely linked and both increase patient mortality. The association of HCV and risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has not been analyzed with competing risk model. Method We enrolled a prospective cohort of 4,185 patients (mean age, 62 years; 41% female) registered in the CKD integrated care program at two affiliated hospitals of Kaohsiung Medical University in Taiwan between November 11, 2002 and May 31, 2009. With competing risk model, we analyzed the association of HCV infection, defined by seropositive of anti-HCV antibody, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, defined by seropositive of HBV surface antigen, with the risk of entering ESRD. Results The prevalence of HCV infection was 7.6% and it increased with the CKD stages (trend test, P<0.001), while the prevalence of HBV infection was 7.4% and no specific trend among CKD stages (tend test, P?=?0.1). During the 9,101 person-year follow-up period, there were 446 death and 1,205 patients entering ESRD. After adjusting death as the competing risk, the estimated 5-year cumulative incidence rate of ESRD among patients with and without HCV infection were 52.6% and 38.4%, respectively (modified log-rank, P<0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that HCV infection, but not HBV infection, had higher risk of developing ESRD compared with cases without infection (HCV, HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.07–1.62; HBV, HR: 1.10, 95% CI: 0.89–1.35). Subgroup analyses showed consistent results. Conclusions With death-adjusted competing risk analysis, HCV infection is associated with an increased risk of developing ESRD in CKD cohort. PMID:24971499

Lee, Jia-Jung; Lin, Ming-Yen; Chang, Jung-San; Hung, Chi-Chih; Chang, Jer-Ming; Chen, Hung-Chun; Yu, Ming-Lung; Hwang, Shang-Jyh

2014-01-01

401

UK Transfusion Laboratory Collaborative: minimum standards for staff qualifications, training, competency and the use of information technology in hospital transfusion laboratories 2014.  

PubMed

The SHOT Adverse Incident Reporting Scheme has consistently reported an unacceptably high level of errors originating in the laboratory setting. In 2006 an initiative was launched in conjunction with the IBMS, SHOT, RCPath, BBTS, UK NEQAS, the NHSE NBTC and the equivalents in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that led to the formation of the UK TLC. The UK TLC in considering the nature and spread of the errors documented by SHOT concluded that a significant proportion of these errors were most likely to be related to either the use of information technology or staff education, staffing levels, skill mix, training and competency issues. In the absence of any formal guidance on these matters, the UK TLC developed a series of recommendations using the results of two laboratory surveys conducted in 2007 and 2008. PMID:25353083

Chaffe, B; Glencross, H; Jones, J; Staves, J; Capps-Jenner, A; Mistry, H; Bolton-Maggs, P; McQuade, M; Asher, D

2014-12-01

402

Defining Competencies for Associate Degree Nursing Education and Practice. Proceedings of the Midwest Regional Conference on "The Associate Degree Nursing--Facilitating Competency Development" Project (Chicago, Illinois, March 10-11, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on "Associate Degree Nursing--Facilitating Competency Development," a 3-year project sponsored by the Midwest Alliance in Nursing (MAIN) to explore and recommend ways of strengthening Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) education and service, these proceedings contain papers by individuals involved with the development of the project and those…

Minckley, Barbara B., Ed.; Walters, Mary Dale, Ed.

403

Release from informational masking in a monaural competing-speech task with vocoded copies of the maskers presented contralaterally.  

PubMed

Single-sided deafness prevents access to the binaural cues that help normal-hearing listeners extract target speech from competing voices. Little is known about how listeners with one normal-hearing ear might benefit from access to severely degraded audio signals that preserve only envelope information in the second ear. This study investigated whether vocoded masker-envelope information presented to one ear could improve performance for normal-hearing listeners in a multi-talker speech-identification task presented to the other ear. Target speech and speech or non-speech maskers were presented unprocessed to the left ear. The right ear received no signal, or either an unprocessed or eight-channel noise-vocoded copy of the maskers. Presenting the vocoded maskers contralaterally yielded significant masking release from same-gender speech maskers, albeit less than in the unprocessed case, but not from opposite-gender speech, stationary-noise, or modulated-noise maskers. Unmasking also occurred with as few as two vocoder channels and when an attenuated copy of the target signal was added to the maskers before vocoding. These data show that delivering masker-envelope information contralaterally generates masking release in situations where target-masker similarity impedes monaural speech-identification performance. By delivering speech-envelope information to a deaf ear, cochlear implants for single-sided deafness have the potential to produce a similar effect. PMID:25698005

Bernstein, Joshua G W; Iyer, Nandini; Brungart, Douglas S

2015-02-01

404

Information and Communication in Lean Product Development  

E-print Network

In this thesis, the implications and influences that information and communication impose on lean product development in general, as well as the development of a lean Product Development Value Stream Display (lean PDVSD) ...

Graebsch, Martin

405

Privacy Impact Assessment Development and Membership Information  

E-print Network

1 Privacy Impact Assessment Development and Membership Information I. System Identification 1 and membership. II. Privacy Assessment 1. What information is being (or will be) collected. The Development is collected to acknowledge and recognize the donation. For prospects, the information is collected to assess

Mathis, Wayne N.

406

Information Technology Developments for Geodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some recent research at UNAVCO and the University of Colorado has been focused on Rocky Mountain tectonics, and Information Technology (IT) in the areas of data visualization and distributed data serving. At UNAVCO, we are participating in the geodynamics work in the Rocky Mountain Testbed of the GEON NSF funded (IT) Research project (www.geongrid.org). As part of this work, a variety of seismic tomography models, GPS velocity vector data, strain rate models and other data have been recompiled into a standard format. These data and models are being incorporated into our OPeNDAP server and the Integrated Data Viewer (IDV). OPeNDAP servers are platform independent, self-describing distributed data servers allowing easy access to a wide audience. The IDV is a freely distributed visualization and analysis tool developed by UCAR that has several exciting capabilities such as online collaboration, and a variety of 1-d, 2-d and 3-d viewing options. Necessary solid earth viewing capabilities (earthquakes, focal mechanisms, faults, etc.) are currently being added to the IDV. Both our OPeNDAP server and visualization tool are being integrated into the GEON portal, a website for data searching, analysis, and visualization. Designing and implementing such systems now allows us to be more prepared for the volumes of data anticipated from various EarthScope projects. As part of the scientific research for GEON, we have also begun investigations of Colorado seismicity. The 1992 Rocky Mountain Front IRIS/PASSCAL seismic experiment recorded many local earthquakes. We have begun to locate these events and are working to create focal mechanisms and calculations of stress drop for this region. These will aid in improving seismic hazard and risk assessments for the rapidly growing Rocky Mountain population. New IT capabilities will help augment the quality of this work through sharing the data with a larger audience, providing a means to view and analyze integrated data, and quickly providing a computationally intensive baseline by which results can be checked.

Bensen, G. D.; Meertens, C. M.; Sheehan, A. F.

2004-12-01

407

Developing medical students as teachers: an anatomy-based student-as-teacher program with emphasis on core teaching competencies.  

PubMed

Teaching is an increasingly recognized responsibility of the resident physician. Residents, however, often assume teaching responsibilities without adequate preparation. Consequently, many medical schools have implemented student-as-teacher (SAT) programs that provide near-peer teaching opportunities to senior medical students. Near-peer teaching is widely regarded as an effective teaching modality; however, whether near-peer teaching experiences in medical school prepare students for the teaching demands of residency is less understood. We explored whether the anatomy-based SAT program through the Human Structure didactic block at Mayo Medical School addressed the core teaching competencies of a medical educator and prepared its participants for further teaching roles in their medical careers. A web-based survey was sent to all teaching assistants in the anatomy-based SAT program over the past five years (2007-2011). Survey questions were constructed based on previously published competencies in seven teaching domains--course development, course organization, teaching execution, student coaching, student assessment, teacher evaluation, and scholarship. Results of the survey indicate that participants in the anatomy-based SAT program achieved core competencies of a medical educator and felt prepared for the teaching demands of residency. PMID:23907836

Andrew Jay, Erie; Starkman, Sidney J; Pawlina, Wojciech; Lachman, Nirusha

2013-01-01

408

Information systems security design methods: implications for information systems development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The security of information systems is a serious issue because computer abuse is increasing. It is important, therefore, that systems analysts and designers develop expertise in methods for specifying information systems security. The characteristics found in three generations of general information system design methods provide a framework for comparing and understanding current security design methods. These methods include approaches that

RICHAFID BASKERVILLE

1993-01-01

409

Seeking a Balance: Helping Pre-Service Teachers Develop Positive Attitudes towards Mathematics as They Develop Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical competence of teachers continues to be an issue of great interest to mathematics educators within tertiary institutions and it is often thought of simultaneously with the notion of mathematics anxiety. While there has been considerable recent research into the latter, no clear conclusions have been able to be drawn about many aspects…

Hurst, Chris; Cooke, Audrey

2012-01-01

410

Development and Implementation of a Curriculum to Develop Social Competence for Students with Visual Impairments in Germany. Practice Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown, and educators in the field have acknowledged, that students with visual impairments (those who are blind or have low vision) who are in general education, as well as in special education, settings, can lack social competence (Bauman, 1973; Davidow, 1974; Doll, 1953; Hatlen, 2000, 2003; Huebner, 1986; Sacks, Kekelis, &…

Wagner, Elke

2004-01-01

411

Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and persistence. In this study screening, collection, identification and expression of stable and technological microbial strains living in soils and in the rhizosphere of abundant weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were conducted. A total of 98 bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere were assessed for biocontrol activity in vitro against phytopathogenic fungi including Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium heterosporum, Fusarium oxysporum, Drechslera teres, Bipolaris sorokiniana, Piricularia oryzae, Botrytis cinerea, Colletothrichum atramentarium and Cladosporium sp., Stagonospora nodorum. Biocontrol activity were performed by the following methods: radial and parallel streaks, "host - pathogen" on the cuts of wheat leaves. A culture collection comprising 64 potential biocontrol agents (BCA) against wheat and barley root diseases has been established. Of these, the most effective were 8 isolates inhibitory to at least 4 out of 5 phytopathogenic fungi tested. The remaining isolates inhibited at least 1 of 5 fungi tested. Growth stimulating activity of proposed rhizobacteria-based preparations was estimated using seedling and vegetative pot techniques. Seeds-inoculation and the tests in laboratory and field conditions were conducted for different agricultural crops - wheat and barley. Intact cells, liquid culture filtrates and crude extracts of the four beneficial bacterial strains isolated from the rhizosphere of weed were studied to stimulate plant growth. As a result, four bacterial strains selected from rhizosphere of weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were chosen as a core of collection of 98 pure cultures with high fungicidal and plant growth-stimulating potentials. Partial determination of nucleotide sequence of 16S ribosomes of tested bacteria indicated that Pseudomonas and Bacillus species were the most dominant bacteria exhibiting biocontrol activity. Typing of bacterial strains was performed on the basis of partial determination of nucleotide sequence 16S ribosome of the studying strain. For this purpose polymerase chain reaction (PCR), using specific primers was provided with chromosomal DNA of bacterial strain under study. After determination of nucleotide sequences of the obtained PCR-fragments, the data obtained was compared with the sequences available in the bank of data (GENEBANK: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), with the aim to determine close related strain to the organism under study. When the level of homology exceeded the level of 98%, one could conclude that the strain under study was identical to the available in the bank of data. Amplification and sequencing of gene 16S pDNA was performed using universal for the majority of prokaryotes primers. Thermopolimerase Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas», dNTP -«Fermentas» was used for amplification. While performing PCR, reagent concentrations corresponded to the protocols described in a set Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas». DNA separation from the sample was performed with DNeasy Plant Mini Kit «QIAGEN». DNA separation from gel was performed with QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit«QIAGEN». Phylogenetic affinity was determined on the basis of the comparison of nucleotide sequence - 400 nucleotides that approximately corresponded to the positions from 500 to 907 nucleotides by nomenclature of E.coli. Primary analysis of the similarity of nucleotide sequences of genes 16S ?DNA of the strains under study was performed on the basis of data Genbank. Sequences were aligned according to nucleotide sequences of those bacteria, which had the highest degree of homology with the strains under study, applyin

Mashinistova, A. V.; Elchin, A. A.; Gorbunova, N. V.; Muratov, V. S.; Kydralieva, K. A.; Khudaibergenova, B. M.; Shabaev, V. P.; Jorobekova, Sh. J.

2009-04-01

412

Competence, Curriculum, and Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws upon a case study of a community college program review to examine the application of a competency-based approach to the process of curriculum design. Suggests that competency-based curriculum development shifts the basis for decision making from teacher knowledge to an objectified accounting system of employers and curriculum technicians.…

Jackson, Nancy S.

1988-01-01

413

Masonry. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for masonry occupations. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

414

Guide to Marketing Course Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was developed as a model for schools in Virginia to prepare local programs of studies for the marketing program. In addition to marketing competencies for developing occupational expertise, this curriculum includes foundational competencies important for successful performance in marketing. These baseline competencies address…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum and Resource Center.

415

Synaptic Inputs Compete during Rapid Formation of the Calyx of Held: A New Model System for Neural Development  

PubMed Central

Hallmark features of neural circuit development include early exuberant innervation followed by competition and pruning to mature innervation topography. Several neural systems, including the neuromuscular junction and climbing fiber innervation of Purkinje cells, are models to study neural development in part because they establish a recognizable endpoint of monoinnervation of their targets and because the presynaptic terminals are large and easily monitored. We demonstrate here that calyx of Held (CH) innervation of its target, which forms a key element of auditory brainstem binaural circuitry, exhibits all of these characteristics. To investigate CH development, we made the first application of serial block-face scanning electron microscopy to neural development with fine temporal resolution and thereby accomplished the first time series for 3D ultrastructural analysis of neural circuit formation. This approach revealed a growth spurt of added apposed surface area (ASA) >200 ?m2/d centered on a single age at postnatal day 3 in mice and an initial rapid phase of growth and competition that resolved to monoinnervation in two-thirds of cells within 3 d. This rapid growth occurred in parallel with an increase in action potential threshold, which may mediate selection of the strongest input as the winning competitor. ASAs of competing inputs were segregated on the cell body surface. These data suggest mechanisms to select “winning” inputs by regional reinforcement of postsynaptic membrane to mediate size and strength of competing synaptic inputs. PMID:23926251

Holcomb, Paul S.; Hoffpauir, Brian K.; Hoyson, Mitchell C.; Jackson, Dakota R.; Deerinck, Thomas J.; Marrs, Glenn S.; Dehoff, Marlin; Wu, Jonathan; Ellisman, Mark H.

2013-01-01

416

Plant Vegetative and Animal Cytoplasmic Actins Share Functional Competence for Spatial Development with Protists[W][OA  

PubMed Central

Actin is an essential multifunctional protein encoded by two distinct ancient classes of genes in animals (cytoplasmic and muscle) and plants (vegetative and reproductive). The prevailing view is that each class of actin variants is functionally distinct. However, we propose that the vegetative plant and cytoplasmic animal variants have conserved functional competence for spatial development inherited from an ancestral protist actin sequence. To test this idea, we ectopically expressed animal and protist actins in Arabidopsis thaliana double vegetative actin mutants that are dramatically altered in cell and organ morphologies. We found that expression of cytoplasmic actins from humans and even a highly divergent invertebrate Ciona intestinalis qualitatively and quantitatively suppressed the root cell polarity and organ defects of act8 act7 mutants and moderately suppressed the root-hairless phenotype of act2 act8 mutants. By contrast, human muscle actins were unable to support prominently any aspect of plant development. Furthermore, actins from three protists representing Choanozoa, Archamoeba, and green algae efficiently suppressed all the phenotypes of both the plant mutants. Remarkably, these data imply that actin’s competence to carry out a complex suite of processes essential for multicellular development was already fully developed in single-celled protists and evolved nonprogressively from protists to plants and animals. PMID:22589468

Kandasamy, Muthugapatti K.; McKinney, Elizabeth C.; Roy, Eileen; Meagher, Richard B.

2012-01-01

417

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Health Agency Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to provide health occupations teachers and state departments of education with information needed to revise and improve the curriculum used in training prospective health occupations teachers and in updating certification requirements for practicing health care professionals. The profile lists the…

Walters, Norma J.

418

Guidelines for Curriculum Development in Information Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These guidelines for the development of curriculum for documentalists, information specialists, information scientists, and librarians stress the need for all parties to the information process, in whatever capacity or country, to receive a common training that will enable them to understand one another and to collaborate on equal terms to the…

Saunders, W. L.

419

UTS: Library Developing the information literate person  

E-print Network

. The University Librarian, Dr Alex Byrne, introduced the Framework and highlighted the importance of information: UTS Case Studies (2005 Update) 2 #12;Faculty of Business Developing the Information Literate Person of Business and the Faculty supports the principles espoused. Overview of Information Literacy activity

University of Technology, Sydney

420

Phytochromes in photosynthetically competent plants  

SciTech Connect

Plants utilize light as a source of information in photomorphogenesis and of free energy in photosynthesis, two processes that are interrelated in that the former serves to increase the efficiency with which plants can perform the latter. Only one pigment involved in photomorphogenesis has been identified unequivocally, namely phytochrome. The thrust of this proposal is to investigate this pigment and its mode(s) of action in photosynthetically competent plants. Our long term objective is to characterize phytochrome and its functions in photosynthetically competent plants from molecular, biochemical and cellular perspectives. It is anticipated that others will continue to contribute indirectly to these efforts at the physiological level. The ultimate goal will be to develop this information from a comparative perspective in order to learn whether the different phytochromes have significantly different physicochemical properties, whether they fulfill independent functions and if so what these different functions are, and how each of the different phytochromes acts at primary molecular and cellular levels.

Pratt, L.H.

1990-07-01

421

Development and testing of an objective structured clinical exam (OSCE) to assess socio-cultural dimensions of patient safety competency  

PubMed Central

Background Patient safety (PS) receives limited attention in health professional curricula. We developed and pilot tested four Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) stations intended to reflect socio-cultural dimensions in the Canadian Patient Safety Institute's Safety Competency Framework. Setting and participants 18 third year undergraduate medical and nursing students at a Canadian University. Methods OSCE cases were developed by faculty with clinical and PS expertise with assistance from expert facilitators from the Medical Council of Canada. Stations reflect domains in the Safety Competency Framework (ie, managing safety risks, culture of safety, communication). Stations were assessed by two clinical faculty members. Inter-rater reliability was examined using weighted ? values. Additional aspects of reliability and OSCE performance are reported. Results Assessors exhibited excellent agreement (weighted ? scores ranged from 0.74 to 0.82 for the four OSCE stations). Learners’ scores varied across the four stations. Nursing students scored significantly lower (p<0.05) than medical students on three stations (nursing student mean scores=1.9, 1.9 and 2.7; medical student mean scores=2.8, 2.9 and 3.5 for stations 1, 2 and 3, respectively where 1=borderline unsatisfactory, 2=borderline satisfactory and 3=competence demonstrated). 7/18 students (39%) scored below ‘borderline satisfactory’ on one or more stations. Conclusions Results show (1) four OSCE stations evaluating socio-cultural dimensions of PS achieved variation in scores and (2) performance on this OSCE can be evaluated with high reliability, suggesting a single assessor per station would be sufficient. Differences between nursing and medical student performance are interesting; however, it is unclear what factors explain these differences. PMID:25398630

Ginsburg, Liane R; Tregunno, Deborah; Norton, Peter G; Smee, Sydney; de Vries, Ingrid; Sebok, Stefanie S; VanDenKerkhof, Elizabeth G; Luctkar-Flude, Marian; Medves, Jennifer

2015-01-01

422

78 FR 22527 - Army Science Board Request for Information on Technology and Core Competencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Aviation; Missiles; Space; C4ISR; Night Vision; Chemical/Biological Warfare; and Soldier Systems. The study will focus on...Development & Engineering Center (CERDEC); Edgewood Chemical Biological Command (ECBC); Natick Soldier...

2013-04-16

423

Information Visualization for Agile Software Development Teams  

E-print Network

Information Visualization for Agile Software Development Teams Julia Paredes Department of Computer.maurer@ucalgary.ca Abstract--Understanding information about software artifacts is key to successful Agile software software development teams. The results of the systematic mapping show that Agile teams use visualization

Maurer, Frank

424

Competency assessment of nursing staff.  

PubMed

Changes in the healthcare industry have created great challenges for leaders of acute-care organizations. One of the greatest challenges is ensuring a competent nursing staff to care for patients within this changing environment (Boylan & Westra, 1998). Patients are more acutely ill and have shorter lengths of stay, placing greater demands on nurses who must demonstrate competency in caring for increasingly complex patients in a continually changing healthcare environment. Competency is defined as "the knowledge, skills, ability and behaviors that a person possesses in order to perform tasks correctly and skillfully" (O'Shea, 2002, p. 175). Competency assessment involves more than a checklist and a test. Hospitals are required to assess, maintain, demonstrate, track, and improve the competence of the staff. Competency assessment is an ongoing process of initial development, maintenance of knowledge and skills, educational consultation, remediation, and redevelopment. Methods to assess competencies include competency fairs, Performance Based Development System and online programs. Certain key people should be involved in the development of competencies. The department managers can give input related to department-specific competencies. Experienced staff members can provide valuable insight into the competencies that need to be assessed. Educators should be involved for providing the input for the methods used to validate competencies. Competencies are an important part of the work world. They are a part of a continual process to help ensure that the organization provides a high-quality care to its customers and patients. PMID:16735851

Whelan, Lynn

2006-01-01

425

Developing Professional Skills in STEM Students: Data Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate STEM students are increasingly expected to have some data use skills upon graduation, whether they pursue post-graduate education or move into industry. This project was an initial foray into the application of data information literacy competencies to training undergraduate students to identify markers of data and information

Zilinski, Lisa D.; Sapp Nelson, Megan; Van Epps, Amy S.

2014-01-01

426

Report on the Development of the List of Competencies for the National Resource Center for Materials Technology Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Resource Center for Materials Science Education, MatEd, has identified and validated materials-related core competencies on a national level that target both general and materials technicians. The process is described for developing a prioritized list of competencies in the materials area for materials technicians and general technicians along with the results of that process. Topics covered were a) general technical, employability, and professionalism skills, b) mathematics, chemical science, and physical science skills, c) fundamentals of materials technology and materials testing, d) several classes of materials and their processing, e) manufacturing processes, tooling, manufacturing operations, quality management, and f) the effects of defects and manufacturing variations on the behavior and mechanical properties of materials. The results are being used to develop a materials resource center for educational materials to assist educators in associate degree engineering technology programs and in lower division engineering programs. Note: Please scroll to the bottom of the web page to access the full Adobe PDF report.

Cossette, Mel

427

The HRD Competencies as Perceived by the Human Resource Development Professionals in Banks in Cote d'Ivoire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify how Ivorian HRD professionals in banks perceived their current expertise levels of the HRD competencies, and how these professionals perceived the importance of these competencies needed to be successful in their occupations. In addition, this study determined competencies that are perceived to have the…

Konan, Affoue Zitagisele

2010-01-01

428

Assessing the Competence of Persons With Alzheimer's Disease in Providing Informed Consent for Participation in Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The capacity of persons with Alzheimer's disease or other neuropsy- chiatric disorders for giving consent to participate in research has come under increasing scrutiny. While instruments for measuring abilities related to capacity have been developed, how they should be used to categorize subjects as capable or incapable is not clear. A criterion vali- dation study was carried out to

Scott Y. H. Kim; Eric D. Caine; Glenn W. Currier; Adrian Leibovici; Michael Ryan

2001-01-01

429

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.3: School Librarian Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a school library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which school librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

430

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.4: Special Librarian Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a special library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which special librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and user services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

431

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.6: Database Distributor/Service Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a database distributor/service organization. The activities of professionals working in database distributor/service organizations are listed by function: Database Processing; Customer Support; System Administration; and Planning. The competencies are…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

432

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.1: Academic Librarian Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in an academic library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which academic librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference;…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

433

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.2: Public Librarian Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a public library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which public librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

434

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Teacher Self-Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to assist teachers in evaluating the relevance of the competencies included in the health occupations education curriculum they are teaching and in assessing their own continuing education needs. The profile lists the competencies required of persons working at the following sites: hospital departments…

Walters, Norma J.

435

Engineering Technologies. State Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 397 competencies, grouped into 58 units, for tech prep programs in the engineering technologies cluster. The competencies were developed through collaboration of Ohio business, industry, and labor representatives and secondary and associate degree educators. The competencies are rated either "essential" (necessary to ensure…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

436

Longitudinal Associations between Executive Control and Developing Mathematical Competence in Preschool Boys and Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy…

Clark, Caron A. C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly A.

2013-01-01

437

Entrepreneurship Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enterprise Skills Development Project for Youth (ESDPY), renamed Project EDGE (Encouraging the Development and Growth of Entrepreneurship), is described in this report. Project EDGE is a training program that assists youth in acquiring the entrepreneurial and life skills necessary to become successful employees/employers in the information age.…

Cataldo, Paul F.

438

Development of a Tool for Eliciting Patient Priority from Among Competing Cardiovascular Disease, Medication-Symptoms, and Fall Injury Outcomes  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES To develop a choice task for eliciting priorities in the face of competing cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, medication-related symptoms, and fall injuries. DESIGN Conjoint analysis. SETTING Senior housing site. PARTICIPANTS Convenience sample of 15 senior housing residents for the pretest, 13 residents for the pilot test. MEASUREMENTS The final task included 11 sets of choices. In each, one option optimized the risk of one or two of the three outcomes at the expense of the other(s); the second option did the reverse. Relative importance scores for CVD, fall injury, and medication-symptom outcomes were calculated. Reliability was assessed for two administrations using intraclass correlations (ICCs). Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used to evaluate order effects. RESULTS The ICCs between choice task administrations were 0.70 for fall injuries, 0.73 for medication symptoms, and 0.56 for CVD outcomes. The ICCs with removal of two outliers were 0.84, 0.72, and 0.84, respectively. Whether CVD or fall injuries appeared first had no effect on scores. CONCLUSION Preliminary evidence of comprehensibility and reliability supports using the choice task to determine whether individuals’ priorities differ in the face of competing outcomes. PMID:18266842

Tinetti, Mary E.; McAvay, Gail J.; Fried, Terri R.; Foody, JoAnne M.; Bianco, Luann; Ginter, Sandra; Fraenkel, Liana

2013-01-01

439

Reducing psychosocial risks through supervisors' development: A contribution for a brief version of the "Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool".  

PubMed

With the recent changes in the world of work psychosocial risks are increasingly prevalent, causing work stress and physical and mental illnesses, which have a tremendous impact on public health and social participation. Supervisors' behaviour development was proposed as an innovative intervention that can reduce psychosocial risks. The "Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool" is one of the most important questionnaires that assess managers' preventive behaviour. However, its psychometric properties have never been evaluated and the length of the questionnaire (66 items) limits its practical applicability. The aim of this study was to contribute to the development of the questionnaire by providing psychometric evidence on a brief version of the tool focusing on the "Managing and Communicating existing and future Work" cluster of behaviours, which has been found to be the crucial one in terms of stress prevention. A questionnaire was administered to 178 employees of two Italian public organizations (a municipality and a hospital), measuring the supervisors' "Managing and Communicating existing and future Work" competency, and the affective well-being and work team effectiveness. The results showed excellent psychometric properties of the supervisors' behaviour scale and confirmed the expected relationships with criterion outcomes (affective well-being and team effectiveness). Overall, the factorial structure and dimensionality, the construct validity and reliability, and the concurrent validity of the tool were strongly supported by this study. We concluded that the brief version of the scale is a valid and reliable measure that can be easily used in practice and that can contribute to the development of research and practice on this topic. PMID:25770947

Toderi, Stefano; Gaggia, Andrea; Balducci, Cristian; Sarchielli, Guido

2015-06-15

440

Curriculum Development and New Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports of achievements in developments in new information technology in schools lament the, as yet, unfulfilled hopes that they will radically change education. Those involved in new information technology sometimes seem to imagine that the problems of change that they face are somehow unique and have not been faced by others who have set out to change the curriculum.[l

Robert McCormick

1992-01-01

441

Faculty Development Curriculum: What Informs It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the current milieu of current legislation and continued budget reductions for higher education, institutions are faced with being more creative in their efforts to reduce spending while achieving their stated mission. The purpose of this paper is to inform college administrators and faculty about the sources used to inform faculty development

Elliott, Robert W.

2014-01-01

442

Towards a job competency profile for agricultural extension instructors: A survey of views of experts  

Microsoft Academic Search

A project is carried out for instructors in the agricultural extension service in Esfahan. Part of the project is study, conducted to inform the process of competency profile development for the instructors. The study, reported in this contribution, focuses on views of experts about competencies needed by the instructors. The survey is based on the methodology for developing models of

Mostafa Karbasioun; Martin Mulder; Harm Biemans

2007-01-01

443

Longitudinal Associations between Executive Control and Developing Mathematical Competence in Preschool Boys and Girls  

PubMed Central

Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy assessments at 3.75 and 4.5 years, and a broad mathematics assessment during kindergarten. Strong associations were observed between latent EC at 3 and mathematics achievement in kindergarten, which remained robust after accounting for earlier informal numeracy, socio-economic status, language and processing speed. Relations between EC and mathematics achievement were stronger in girls than boys. Findings highlight the unique role of EC in predicting which children may have difficulty transitioning to formal mathematics instruction. PMID:23006040

Clark, Caron A.C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly Andrews

2012-01-01

444

Continuing competency: what's ahead?  

PubMed

State boards of nursing, national nursing certification organizations, and employers have made a concerted effort to identify a means to assess continuing competency of nurses. In the past decade, there has been a heightened focus on patient safety initiatives, the need for greater transparency in the regulatory process, and consumer demand for development of methods to determine the ongoing qualifications of healthcare professionals. This article will discuss the public policy origins of the continuing competency issue, the potential complications of implementation, identification of some current organizational efforts, and what future implications the issue of continuing competency holds for the healthcare community, nursing profession, and the individual nurse. PMID:19704289

Burns, Betty

2009-01-01

445

Development of social-emotional competence in boys of color: a cross-sectional cohort analysis from pre-K to second grade.  

PubMed

This article explores the development of psychosocial competence in boys of color (BOC; 226 African Americans and 109 Latinos). Changes in competence were assessed over 2 years in cohorts of low-income BOC beginning in pre-K, kindergarten, or first grade. Psycho-social competence was assessed in terms of self-regulation, interpersonal skills, and positive relationships with peers and teachers. Psycho-social and academic competence in literacy and math were assessed in prekindergarten through second grade using teacher reports, child reports, and normed measures. One-year follow-up data were available on measures of psycho-social competence. BOC evidenced high levels of psycho-social competence, especially on self-regulation, which was related to both math and reading achievement. Teachers and children held similarly favorable views of their relationships, but teacher ratings of peer relationships of BOC were less positive. Although emotional self-regulation was stable, declines were observed in self-regulation of attention, quality of peer relationships, teacher-rated closeness, and satisfaction with life at school, especially over the transition from pre-K to primary school. PMID:23889007

Barbarin, Oscar; Iruka, Iheoma U; Harradine, Chistine; Winn, Donna-Marie C; McKinney, Marvin K; Taylor, Lorraine C

2013-01-01

446

PROJECT TITLE: Developing Competencies in Community Engagement: A Pilot in UCSF UME and GME Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

206-5575 BACKGROUND INFORMATION UCSF's mission has always included public service, but more value has been placed on this kind of work recently, as evidenced by the 2005 Executive Vice Chancellor's Task Force on Community Partnerships, the creation of the new University Community Partnerships Program (UCPP) in 2006, and the inclusion of a whole section of UCSF's 2007 Strategic Plan on

Naomi Wortis

2009-01-01

447

Proceedings of the Towards Competency Seminar. A Seminar on Curriculum Development and Evaluation in Vocational Education in New Zealand (Wellington, New Zealand, August 30-31, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings begin with opening remarks that discuss seminar concerns and objectives. These remarks define two concerns: (1) evaluation of the methods of curriculum development and evaluation appropriate for vocational education in New Zealand; and (2) development of guidelines to assist educators to meet the requirements for competency-based…

Wagner, Graham, Ed.

448

Special Study Institute Report: Competency Based Training Criteria for Special Class Teachers. An Alternative Approach to Manpower Development; Guidelines for Special Education and Teacher Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The special study institute report proposed an alternative approach to manpower development guidelines for special education and teacher training programs which centered on the development of measurable competency based training criteria for special class teachers. Briefly reviewed are the background, planning, and design of the institute.…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Div. of Special Education.

449

The Analysis Influencing Competencies of Information and Communication Technologies in Improving Food Security of Iranian Rural Households  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to desirable, sufficient, safe and nutritious food is one of the basic components of th e development and health of a society. Information and communications technologies (ICTs) represent an important strategy that can be used in attaining food security. A descriptive methodology was applied in this study, through questionnaires. The statistical population for the study included 253 agricultural extension

Farhad Lashgarara; S. Mehdi Mirdamadi; S. J. Farajallah

450

The Labour Market, Graduate Competences and Study Programme Development: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in higher education are taking place in the wider context of globalisation, the Lisbon strategy and within the framework of the Bologna Process. Designing and developing Bologna programmes by taking into account the needs of the economy is a tool for successful quality assurance in higher education and for close cooperation with the…

Sirca, Nada Trunk; Nastav, Bojan; Lesjak, Dusan; Sulcic, Viktorija

2006-01-01

451

Mining and Minerals Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for mining occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from the mining industry, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated task list and defined job…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

452

Using a Knowledge-Based Approach To Develop Student Intercultural Competence in Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a three-stage process by which students develop applicable knowledge through research in industry, connecting theory and practice while developing theoretical schemata. Illustrates this with the author's experience teaching intercultural business communication at the post-graduate level. (SR)

Yunxia, Zhu

2001-01-01

453

Tourism Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for travel and tourism occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from the travel and tourism industry, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated task…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

454

Health Care Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for health care occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from hospitals and other health care providers, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

455

Development and Initial Testing of a Structured Clinical Observation Tool to Assess Pharmacotherapy Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors developed and tested the feasibility and utility of a new direct-observation instrument to assess trainee performance of a medication management session. Methods: The Psychopharmacotherapy-Structured Clinical Observation (P-SCO) instrument was developed based on multiple sources of expertise and then implemented in 4…

Young, John Q.; Lieu, Sandra; O'Sullivan, Patricia; Tong, Lowell

2011-01-01

456

How Do Maternal Reasoning and Physical Punishment Contribute to Development of Verbal Competence and Behavior Problems?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a longitudinal investigation of the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure on children's cognitive and socioemotional development, this study examined the role of physical punishment on the development of children's externalizing behavior. Participating in this phase were 296 inner-city African-American families with 7-year-olds who had…

Jester, Jennifer M.; Muzik, Maria; Berube, Renee; Narang, Sonia; Tuttle, Brenda; Jacobson, Joseph

457

An Innovative Approach to Developing a Cultural Competency Curriculum; Efforts at the John A. Burns School of Medicine, Department of Native Hawaiian Health  

PubMed Central

Introduction Initial efforts to teach cultural competency at the University of Hawai‘i John A. Burns School of Medicine began in the late 1990s through the Native Hawaiian Center of Excellence. With the formation of the Department of Native Hawaiian Health in 2003, cultural competency training was added as a key area of focus for the department. A multidisciplinary team was formed to do the ground work. Physicians (Family Medicine and Internal Medicine) and an administrator (MBA now at Queens Medical Center) from the Department of Native Hawaiian Health were joined by a cultural anthropologist (Department of Family Medicine and Community Health), a social worker (UH Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work), and a retired DrPH/Registered Dietician from the State Department of Health to form the cultural competency curriculum team. All but one of the team members is Native Hawaiian. Discussion As cultural competency training is a relatively new, rapidly developing field, there is no consensus on how to teach it. The department decided early on to focus on a variety of methodologies using Native Hawaiian health as the curriculum's foundation. Many different paths were taken toward the development of the present curriculum which utilized different components within the medical school's curriculum. This paper describes the process and development of a cultural competency training curriculum at the University of Hawai‘i medical school. Recent literature recommendations by experts in the field reinforce the current curricular content that resulted from this developmental process. PMID:22235152

Kamaka, Martina L; Kaulukukui, C Malina

2011-01-01

458

INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (IRIS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Industrial Research and Development Information System (IRIS) links an online interface to a historical database with more than 2,500 statistical tables containing all industrial research and development (R&D) data published by NSF since 19...

459

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2013-01-01

460

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2012-01-01

461

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2014-01-01

462

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2010-01-01

463

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2011-01-01

464

Information systems for engineering sustainable development  

SciTech Connect

The ability of a country to follow sustainable development paths is determined to a large extent by the capacity or capabilities of its people and its institutions. Specifically, capacity-building in the UNCED terminology encompasses the country's human, scientific, technological, organizational, institutional, and resource capabilities. A fundamental goal of capacity-building is to enhance the ability to pose, evaluate and address crucial questions related to policy choices and methods of implementation among development options. As a result the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) Agenda 21 planning process has identified the need for better methods by which information can be transferred between industrialized nations and developing nations. The reasons for better methods of information transfer include facilitating decisions related to sustainable development and building the capacity of developing nations to better plan their future in both an economical and environmentally sound manner. This paper is a discussion on mechanisms for providing information and technologies available for presenting the information to a variety of cultures and levels of technical literacy. Consideration is given to access to information technology as well as to the cost to the user. One concept discussed includes an Engineering Partnership'' which brings together the talents and resources of private consulting engineers, corporations, non-profit professional organizations, government agencies and funding institution which work in partnership with each other and associates in developing countries. Concepts which are related to information technologies include a hypertext based, user configurable cultural translator and information navigator and the use of multi-media technologies to educate engineers about the concepts of sustainability, and the adaptation of the concept of metabolism to creating industrial systems.

Leonard, R.S.

1992-02-27

465

Information systems for engineering sustainable development  

SciTech Connect

The ability of a country to follow sustainable development paths is determined to a large extent by the capacity or capabilities of its people and its institutions. Specifically, capacity-building in the UNCED terminology encompasses the country`s human, scientific, technological, organizational, institutional, and resource capabilities. A fundamental goal of capacity-building is to enhance the ability to pose, evaluate and address crucial questions related to policy choices and methods of implementation among development options. As a result the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) Agenda 21 planning process has identified the need for better methods by which information can be transferred between industrialized nations and developing nations. The reasons for better methods of information transfer include facilitating decisions related to sustainable development and building the capacity of developing nations to better plan their future in both an economical and environmentally sound manner. This paper is a discussion on mechanisms for providing information and technologies available for presenting the information to a variety of cultures and levels of technical literacy. Consideration is given to access to information technology as well as to the cost to the user. One concept discussed includes an ``Engineering Partnership`` which brings together the talents and resources of private consulting engineers, corporations, non-profit professional organizations, government agencies and funding institution which work in partnership with each other and associates in developing countries. Concepts which are related to information technologies include a hypertext based, user configurable cultural translator and information navigator and the use of multi-media technologies to educate engineers about the concepts of sustainability, and the adaptation of the concept of metabolism to creating industrial systems.

Leonard, R.S.

1992-02-27

466

Using an Investment Project To Develop Professional Competencies in Introduction to Financial Accounting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group project involves accounting students in hypothetical creation of a stock portfolio after completing financial analyses. The activity develops decision-making, critical thinking, research, communication, and finance skills. (SK)

Dudley, Lola Woodard; Davis, Henry H.; McGrady, David G.

2001-01-01

467

Plant development controls leaf area expansion in alfalfa plants competing for light  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims The growth of crops in a mixture is more variable and difficult to predict than that in pure stands. Light partitioning and crop leaf area expansion play prominent roles in explaining this variability. However, in many crops commonly grown in mixtures, including the forage species alfalfa, the sensitivity and relative importance of the physiological responses involved in the light modulation of leaf area expansion are still to be established. This study was designed to assess the relative sensitivity of primary shoot development, branching and individual leaf expansion in alfalfa in response to light availability. Methods Two experiments were carried out. The first studied isolated plants to assess the potential development of different shoot types and growth periods. The second consisted of manipulating the intensity of competition for light using a range of canopies in pure and mixed stands at two densities so as to evaluate the relative effects on shoot development, leaf growth, and plant and shoot demography. Key Results Shoot development in the absence of light competition was deterministic (constant phyllochrons of 32·5 °Cd and 48·2 °Cd for primary axes and branches, branching probability of 1, constant delay of 1·75 phyllochron before axillary bud burst) and identical irrespective of shoot type and growth/regrowth periods. During light competition experiments, changes in plant development explained most of the plant leaf area variations, with average leaf size contributing to a lesser extent. Branch development and the number of shoots per plant were the leaf area components most affected by light availability. Primary axis development and plant demography were only affected in situations of severe light competition. Conclusions Plant leaf area components differed with regard to their sensitivity to light competition. The potential shoot development model presented in this study could serve as a framework to integrate light responses in alfalfa crop models. PMID:24201140

Baldissera, Tiago Celso; Frak, Ela; Carvalho, Paulo Cesar de Faccio; Louarn, Gaëtan

2014-01-01

468

Effect of superstimulatory treatments on the expression of genes related to ovulatory capacity, oocyte competence and embryo development in cattle.  

PubMed

Multiple ovulation (superovulation) and embryo transfer has been used extensively in cattle. In the past decade, superstimulatory treatment protocols that synchronise follicle growth and ovulation, allowing for improved donor management and fixed-time AI (FTAI), have been developed for zebu (Bos indicus) and European (Bos taurus) breeds of cattle. There is evidence that additional stimulus with LH (through the administration of exogenous LH or equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG)) on the last day of the superstimulatory treatment protocol, called the 'P-36 protocol' for FTAI, can increase embryo yield compared with conventional protocols that are based on the detection of oestrus. However, inconsistent results with the use of hormones that stimulate LH receptors (LHR) have prompted further studies on the roles of LH and its receptors in ovulatory capacity (acquisition of LHR in granulosa cells), oocyte competence and embryo quality in superstimulated cattle. Recent experiments have shown that superstimulation with FSH increases mRNA expression of LHR and angiotensin AT(2) receptors in granulosa cells of follicles >8 mm in diameter. In addition, FSH decreases mRNA expression of growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) in oocytes, but increases the expression of both in cumulus cells, without diminishing the capacity of cumulus-oocyte complexes to generate blastocysts. Although these results indicate that superstimulation with FSH is not detrimental to oocyte competence, supplementary studies are warranted to investigate the effects of superstimulation on embryo quality and viability. In addition, experiments comparing the cellular and/or molecular effects of adding eCG to the P-36 treatment protocol are being conducted to elucidate the effects of superstimulatory protocols on the yield of viable embryos. PMID:23244825

Barros, Ciro M; Satrapa, Rafael A; Castilho, Anthony C S; Fontes, Patrícia K; Razza, Eduardo M; Ereno, Ronaldo L; Nogueira, Marcelo F G

2012-01-01

469

Juvenile offenders: competence to stand trial.  

PubMed

This article details the legal background and assists the reader in the preparation and practical conduct of evaluations regarding juvenile adjudicative competency. The material is presented to be useful as a guide to direct questions of competency and covers aspects of evaluation that include: legal standard for competency to stand trial, developmental immaturity, current practice in juvenile competency to stand trial, forensic evaluation of juvenile competency to stand trial, organizing the evaluation, collateral sources of information, psychiatric evaluation of juvenile adjudicative competency, assessment of mental disorder and intellectual disability, assessment of developmental status, assessment of functional abilities for adjudicative competence, and reaching the forensic opinion. PMID:23107566

Soulier, Matthew

2012-12-01

470

Psychometric testing of an instrument measuring core competencies of nursing students: an application of Mokken scaling.  

PubMed

Assessing the core competencies of nursing students provides information about students' learning outcomes for educational evaluation and improvement. The aim of this study was to develop the Nursing Students Core Competencies scale to measure 8 core competencies of nursing students in Taiwan. The study employed factor analysis and Mokken scaling analysis for psychometric testing of this instrument between a group of nursing graduates and their evaluators. The results indicated that the Nursing Students Core Competencies scale has demonstrated evidence of internal consistency, structural validity, unidimensionality, and a hierarchy of items for students' self-assessment and instructor's rating. The use of Mokken scaling analysis extends the knowledge of developing competence assessment tools; it can be used to reveal the domains or items of competency nursing students perceive that are easy or difficult, providing information for curricular design. PMID:23644266

Perng, Shoa-Jen; Watson, Roger

2013-01-01

471

The Learning and Competency Development of Master Teachers in Alternative High Schools for At-Risk Youth: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study was designed to explore how master teachers in transfer high schools learn the competencies they perceive are required to engage at-risk students so that they persist and graduate. The study is based on the following assumptions: (1) The requisite teacher competencies can be defined and identified and, in fact,…

Williams, Nida W.

2012-01-01

472

Development of a New Valid, Reliable, and Internationally Applicable Assessment Tool of Residents’ Competence in Ophthalmic Surgery (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To test the validity and reliability of a new tool for assessing residents’ competence in ophthalmic surgery. Changing paradigms of ophthalmic education in the United States have influenced worldwide ophthalmic education and necessitated new methods of assessing resident competence. Accordingly, a new tool for assessing residents’ competence in ophthalmic surgery (phacoemulsification) that could be applicable internationally was developed. We hypothesize that this instrument is valid and reliable. Methods: A panel of six international content experts adapted a previously published tool for assessing phacoemulsification. The tool (called the International Council of Ophthalmology’s Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric, or ICO-OSCAR:phaco) was reviewed by 12 international content experts for their constructive comments, which were incorporated to ensure content validity. Ten expert cataract surgery teachers then graded six recorded phacoemulsification surgeries with the ICO-OSCAR:phaco to investigate inter-rater reliability. Results: The coefficient alpha statistic (a measure of reliability/internal consistency) for the ICO-OSCAR:phaco as a whole was 0.92, and 17 of its 20 dimensions had alpha coefficients greater than 0.70. Conclusions: The ICO-OSCAR:phaco is a valid and reliable assessment tool that could be applied internationally to satisfy the global need of new instruments to comply with emerging trends in ophthalmic education. A toolbox of similar surgical competency assessment tools is being developed. PMID:24072944

Golnik, C.; Beaver, Hilary; Gauba, Vinod; Lee, Andrew G.; Mayorga, Eduardo; Palis, Gabriela; Saleh, George M.

2013-01-01

473

Competencies for disaster mental health.  

PubMed

Competencies for disaster mental health are essential to domestic and international disaster response capabilities. Numerous consensus-based competency sets for disaster health workers exist, but no prior study identifies and discusses competency sets pertaining specifically to disaster mental health. Relevant competency sets were identified via MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EBSCO, and Google Scholar searches. Sixteen competency sets are discussed, some providing core competencies for all disaster responders and others for specific responder groups within particular professions or specialties. Competency sets specifically for disaster mental health professionals are lacking, with the exception of one set that focused only on cultural competence. The identified competency sets provide guidance for educators in developing disaster mental health curricula and for disaster health workers seeking education and training in disaster mental health. Valid, criterion-based competencies are required to guide selection and training of mental health professionals for the disaster mental health workforce. In developing these competencies, consideration should be given to the requirements of both domestic and international disaster response efforts. PMID:25681279

King, Richard V; Burkle, Frederick M; Walsh, Lauren E; North, Carol S

2015-03-01

474

Development of Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A formal, organized set of information concerning the development status of the Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS) as of September 1976 is provided. A series of computer source language programs, and flow charts related to each of the computer programs to provide greater ease in performing future change are presented. Listings of the variable names, and their meanings, used in the various source code programs, and copies of the various user manuals which were prepared through this time are given.

Herring, B. E.; Vachon, R. I.

1976-01-01

475

Theme: Coping with Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consists of five articles on the topic of competencies in vocational agriculture. Topics covered include (1) competency-based instruction, (2) competencies for agricultural recordkeeping, (3) competencies in hydroponics, and (4) competencies in agribusiness. (CH)

Brown, Daniel; And Others

1989-01-01

476

Machine Trades. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for machine trades. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

477

Swine Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a swine producer program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability skills…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

478

Diesel Mechanics. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for diesel mechanics. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

479

Entertainment Marketing. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for entertainment marketing. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

480

Traditional vs. Virtual Learning: Does It Make a Difference? ADELEX--Assessing and Developing Lexical Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents survey data from English Philology students (University of Granada) on a virtual course entitled ADELEX--Assessing and Developing Lexis--which was carried out in 2007-08 to enhance vocabulary acquisition. In the first part of this paper, we briefly offer a description of this second generation virtual course to enhance lexical…

Jaen, Maria Moreno

2009-01-01

481

The Development of Basic Competencies for Sustainability in Higher Education: An Educational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing paradigms, which are deeply rooted in our educational systems, are fomenting unsustainable development. For this reason, it is necessary to opt for a style of education that allows university students to be aware of the need to live in a different way and be aware of our absolute dependency on our natural environment. This goal requires…

Hidalgo, Luis Amador; Fuentes, Juan Manuel Arjona

2013-01-01

482

Moving Along. Developing Competent Workers. The WorkForce Series for Small Businesses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents ideas for staff development for managers who work with young or entry-level workers in small businesses. The guide is designed to help managers (1) get new workers to do their jobs well consistently; (2) devise a plan of action that will broaden the worker's job skills; and (3) evaluate the worker's progress to spot problems…

National Child Labor Committee, New York, NY.

483

Foundations for Teaching Excellence: Connecting Early Childhood Quality Rating, Professional Development, and Competency Systems in States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving teacher quality in early education is a major part of ensuring young children's school readiness and closing the achievement gap. This is the book decision-makers and administrators need to begin developing coordinated, effective teacher quality systems--ones that not only get teachers ready for the classroom, but also promote continuous…

Howes, Carollee, Ed.; Pianta, Robert C., Ed.

2011-01-01

484

Developing an Intercultural Competence Programme at an International Cross-Border University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European University Viadrina located on the German-Polish border, with a high number of international students, was founded to promote the "growing-together" of Europe. Despite those aims, it is becoming more evident that international institutions must develop special strategies to sensitize their members on an intercultural level and to…

Hiller, Gundula Gwenn; Wozniak, Maja

2009-01-01

485

Developing an intercultural competence programme at an international cross?border university  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European University Viadrina located on the German–Polish border, with a high number of international students, was founded to promote the ‘growing?together’ of Europe. Despite those aims, it is becoming more evident that international institutions must develop special strategies to sensitize their members on an intercultural level and to encourage intercultural communication. The case of Viadrina University serves as example

Gundula Gwenn Hiller; Maja Wo?niak

2009-01-01

486

Developing Students' Emotional Competency Using the Classroom-as-Organization Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In management education, the classroom-as-organization (CAO) approach to teaching has been a topic of much discussion and debate. Given the authors' experiences in teaching sport event management, it is known that the CAO approach helps students develop greater self-confidence, greater self- and social awareness, and a greater understanding of…

Sheehan, Beth J.; McDonald, Mark A.; Spence, Kirsty K.

2009-01-01

487

English as a Lingua Franca and the Development of Pragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing interest in English as a lingua franca (ELF) has resulted in a notable increase in the amount of empirical research that attempts to describe the nature of ELF interactions. This article looks at the pedagogical implications of this research in the wider context of other developments in pedagogical pragmatics. It proposes three types of…

Murray, Neil

2012-01-01

488

Entering the Public Health Genomics Era: Why Must Health Educators Develop Genomic Competencies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the completion of the Human Genome Project will offer new insight into diseases and help develop efficient, personalized treatment or prevention programs, it will also raise new and non-trivial public health issues. Many of these issues fall under the professional purview of public health workers. As members of the public health…

Chen, Lei-Shih; Goodson, Patricia

2007-01-01

489

Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

Paulson, Edward

2011-01-01

490

The Development of Grammatical Competence through Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the findings of a study which set out to examine the role that consciousness raising (CR) plays in grammatical development in synchronous computer-mediated communication (SCMC). Students participated in weekly SCMC sessions. Spanish L2 forms "por/para" and "ser/estar" were chosen, and the data from two groups--form-and-meaning…

Fiori, Melissa L.

2005-01-01

491

US Urban Teachers' Perspectives of Culturally Competent Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health disparities related to food choices, nutrition behaviours and smoking habits in urban communities in the United States signal the importance of health education (HE) in schools, yet educators in urban communities face unique cultural challenges often unaddressed in professional development (PD). The purpose of this study was to use a…

Flory, Sara B.; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Murphy, Anne; Blum, Barbara; Wisdom, Kimberlydawn

2014-01-01

492

Developing Students' Emotional Competency Using the Classroom-as-Organization Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In management education, the classroom-as-organization (CAO) approach to teaching has been a topic of much discussion and debate. Given the authors' experiences in teaching sport event management, it is known that the CAO approach helps students develop greater self-confidence, greater self- and social awareness, and a greater understanding of what it is like to work in an organization. Until recently,

Beth J. Sheehan; Mark A. McDonald; Kirsty K. Spence

2009-01-01

493

ELDIS (Electronic Development and Environment Information System)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ELDIS is a development and environmental issues meta-site hosted by the British Library of Development Studies. It provides annotated links not only to networked information of all types, ranging from web sites to library catalogs, but also research project information, map and newspaper collections, and bibliographies as well. The ELDIS site is searchable; users can also search for full-text materials available at other sites. A browseable list covering some 60 subjects is provided. The resources at this site are all annotated and contain links to resources in related areas.

1997-01-01

494

Negotiating Competing Goals in the Development of an Urban Ecology Practitioner Inquiry Community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teacher learning communities are hailed by many as vehicles for reforming and elevating the professional status of teaching. While much research explores teacher community as a venue for measurable gains, our research examines the orientation of practitioner inquiry toward critical debate about effective instruction. Specifically, our study focuses on a group of middle and high school teachers who worked with a nonprofit organization to engage students in urban environmental field investigations. Teachers met regularly as a community with the common goal of teaching urban ecology in an outdoor setting. We collected interview data from members of the teacher community, and we observed teacher interaction during a meeting of the practitioner inquiry group. Interview results indicated that while the nonprofit aimed to support collaborative dialogue and self-critique, participants saw the community mainly as a venue for pursuing short-term goals, such as receiving new resources or socializing with colleagues. Observation data, however, suggested that the community was taking early steps toward building an environment oriented toward critical discussion. Juxtaposing results from our interviews and observations, we discuss the challenges communities face when they seek to develop shared beliefs and deal openly with conflict. Ultimately, we suggest that organizers of collaborative learning environments should work to actively develop structures for building the organizational trust necessary to support civil critique.

Piazza, Peter; McNeill, Katherine L.

2013-11-01

495

Development of Competency-Based Vocational Agricultural Instructional Materials for Handicapped Students Enrolled in Regular Agriculture Programs Other Than Horticulture. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes a description of a project to develop and field-test competency-based instructional materials for handicapped students enrolled in regular vocational agriculture programs; a list of project advisory personnel; the clusters of skills identified as appropriate for handicapped students enrolled in courses in dairy production,…

Baggett, Connie D.; And Others

496

How Chinese College Students Make Sense of Foreign Films and TV Series: Implications for the Development of Intercultural Communicative Competence in ELT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Films and TV series are widely used to support teaching in English language classrooms. They are seen largely as a source of authentic language, as a way of motivating students or as a means of conveying knowledge about another culture. There is less emphasis on their use as a focus for developing intercultural competence. This is particularly the…

Yang, Linda Hui; Fleming, Mike

2013-01-01

497

Results of the "Aprender a Convivir" Program for Development of Social Competence and Prevention of Antisocial Behavior in Four-Year-Old Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is the result of implementing an antisocial behavior prevention program in preschool education. The intervention goal was to prevent the emergence of antisocial behaviors through developing social competence in the participants. The program, called "Aprender a Convivir", is divided into four modules by topic: rules and…

Benitez, Juan L.; Fernandez, Maria; Justicia, Fernando; Fernandez, Eduardo; Justicia, Ana

2011-01-01

498

Provide a Staff Development Program. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to establish and/or facilitate implementation of a staff development program, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and…

Miller-Beach, Audni; And Others

499

Guide the Development and Improvement of Instruction. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to guide the development and improvement of instruction, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and optional learning…

Quinn, Karen M.; And Others

500

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Develop Local Plans for Vocational Education: Part I. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on developing local plans for vocational education (Part I) is one of six competency-based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It reviews legislative requirements for planning and discusses the role of the vocational administrator and other key personnel in the…

Norton, Robert E.; And Others