These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

2

A review of informal learning literature, theory and implications for practice in developing global professional competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informal learning's roots emerged from educational philosophers John Dewey, Kurt Lewin and Mary Parker Follett to theorists Malcolm Knowles and other successive researchers. This paper explores the background and definitions of informal learning and applications to the global workplace. Informal learning's challenges are applied to developing global professional competence, including theory, practice and policy implications. The paper argues that informal

Thomas J. Conlon

2004-01-01

3

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

4

Developing Culturally Competent Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue examines multicultural aspects of services provided by agencies concerned with children's mental health. The lead article is titled "Developing Culturally Competent Organizations" by James L. Mason. This article uses the cultural competence model to discuss an organization's self-evaluation and its planning in the areas of…

Focal Point, 1994

1994-01-01

5

Developing Competence at Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we explore the relationship between differing conceptualisations of competence, and the implications of these differences for the enacted workplace curriculum and its pedagogical epistemologies. We argue that when competence is understood as a set of stand-alone attributes that reside within an individual, it limits and over…

Bound, Helen; Lin, Magdalene

2013-01-01

6

A Review of Informal Learning Literature, Theory and Implications for Practice in Developing Global Professional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informal learning's roots emerged from educational philosophers John Dewey, Kurt Lewin and Mary Parker Follett to theorists Malcolm Knowles and other successive researchers. This paper explores the background and definitions of informal learning and applications to the global workplace. Informal learning's challenges are applied to developing

Conlon, Thomas J.

2004-01-01

7

Collaborating with Librarians to Develop Lower Division Political Science Students' Information Literacy Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies suggest that course-integrated information literacy instruction is an effective way to enhance the quality of student research. However, many political science professors are unfamiliar with the growing information literacy movement in higher education today, with strategies for integrating information literacy into their courses and assignments, and with opportunities to collaborate with librarians beyond requesting a 50-minute library instruction session

Christy R. Stevens; Patricia J. Campbell

2008-01-01

8

Library and Information Science Competencies Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that sought to facilitate curriculum planning by ascertaining the attitudes of library school alumni regarding the value of various competencies in a master's program. Highlights include the possible impact of electronic information on competency, a literature review, competencies rated by type of library, and ratings by…

Buttlar, Lois; Du Mont, Rosemary

1996-01-01

9

Information Competency and Community College Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the same way as television did not replace movies but merely opened up new dimensions in entertainment, the digital world is not replacing the printed word but is giving us new and additional dimensions of knowledge. Information competency is the ability to exploit information in various formats. The article reviews the efforts of California colleges to make information competency

Friedrich K. Brose

2002-01-01

10

Promoting Information Competency in Biological Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article contains a variety of activities to help improve the information competency skills of biological psychology students. These skills allow students to identify appropiate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically.

Laura Freberg, Gayle Brosnan-Watters (California Polytechnic State University, Slippery Rock University; )

2005-05-17

11

Using competences and competence tools in workforce development.  

PubMed

The NHS Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) has been a driving force in the move to competence-based workforce development in the NHS. Skills for Health has developed national workforce competences that aim to improve behavioural performance, and in turn increase productivity. This article describes five projects established to test Skills for Health national workforce competences, electronic tools and products in different settings in the NHS. Competences and competence tools were used to redesign services, develop job roles, identify skills gaps and develop learning programmes. Reported benefits of the projects included increased clarity and a structured, consistent and standardized approach to workforce development. Findings from the evaluation of the tools were positive in terms of their overall usefulness and provision of related training/support. Reported constraints of using the competences and tools included issues relating to their availability, content and organization. It is recognized that a highly skilled and flexible workforce is important to the delivery of high-quality health care. These projects suggest that Skills for Health competences can be used as a 'common currency' in workforce development in the UK health sector. This would support the need to adapt rapidly to changing service needs. PMID:21072016

Green, Tess; Dickerson, Claire; Blass, Eddie

12

NEW AGE COMPETENCIES FOR INFORMATION PROFESSIONALS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses competencies for new age information professionals. Emphasis has been on the changes within LIS market during the last 2-3 decades, with a particular emphasis on the new roles LIS professionals have to assume in information and knowledge management positions in the cor- porate world. Management and functional competencies have also been explored, that would make LIS professionals

SAJJAD UR REHMAN

2006-01-01

13

Development and validation of a child health workforce competence framework.  

PubMed

Providing high quality, effective services is fundamental to the delivery of key health outcomes for children and young people. This requires a competent workforce. This paper reports on the development of a validated competence framework tool for the children and young people's health workforce. The framework brings together policy, strategic agendas and existing workforce competences. The framework will contribute to the improvement of children's physical and mental wellbeing by identifying competences required to provide proactive services that respond to children and young people with acute, continuing and complex needs. It details five core competences for the workforce, the functions that underpin them and levels of competence required to deliver a particular service. The framework will be of value to commissioners to inform contracting, to providers to ensure services are delivered by a workforce with relevant competences to meet identified needs, and to the workforce to assess existing capabilities and identify gaps in competence. PMID:21667711

Smith, Lynda; Hawkins, Jean; McCrum, Anita

2011-05-01

14

ICT-enhanced Teacher training for Lifelong Competence Development  

E-print Network

ICT-enhanced Teacher training for Lifelong Competence Development "The greatest value of e are giving an example of how Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can enhance the process of ICT. We show how the use of Learning Design centred software platform for lifelong competence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

15

Promoting Information Competency in Biological Psychology  

PubMed Central

Information competency refers to skills that allow a student to identify appropriate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically. Although the sudden increase of information available in electronic form has stimulated interest in information competency, the basic principles apply to all sources of information, including print. Information competency is especially critical in biological psychology. New discoveries in the neurosciences are featured every day by the mainstream media. As a society, we are being asked to make informed decisions about increasingly complex concepts, as in the case of the recent California proposition regarding stem cell research. Ideally, our students will become community leaders who will help shape these and other policy decisions, but the assumption of this role requires skills that extend long after the completion of a particular course or degree. Because of the perceived complexity of biological psychology, students new to the discipline may be reluctant to venture out into the experimental literature. A variety of activities are presented here that will build student confidence and shape information competency. Although these exercises can be used in a variety of disciplines, they are particularly well suited to biological psychology. The various exercises lend themselves to different levels of student expertise. Many of the exercises are quite appropriate for all levels and abilities, including graduate level students. As a bonus, these activities involve students in writing about biological psychology, providing a foundation for the writing of formal term papers or research reports. PMID:23492841

Freberg, Laura A.; Brosnan-Watters, Gayle

2005-01-01

16

Developing a Framework for Communication Management Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a hierarchical needs assessment model developed by Hunt we identified the essential competencies of communication management practitioners for the purpose of curriculum development and selection. We found that the underlying values of the profession were embodied in two superordinate goals. Six major competencies were identified, which were…

Jeffrey, Lynn Maud; Brunton, Margaret Ann

2011-01-01

17

Developing the Intercultural Competence of Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need to…

Dimitrov, Nanda; Dawson, Debra L.; Olsen, Karyn C.; Meadows, Ken N.

2014-01-01

18

Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The paper summarizes a literature review on how competency models can improve HR performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized health-care and medical device company, where the model is being…

Gangani, Noordeen T.; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2004-01-01

19

Developing the Pedagogical Information and Communications Technology Competence of Modern Foreign Languages Teacher Trainees. Situation: all change andplus ça change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the implications of the information and communications technology (ICT) requirements for initial teacher training in England and Wales from the viewpoint of modern foreign languages, as outlined in the Government's Circular 4\\/98. The authors highlight a number of issues surrounding the interpretation of the Circular and emphasise the need to develop critical evaluation skills in trainees. The

Ann Barnes; Liam Murray

1999-01-01

20

Laboratory Information Systems and the Competency Trap  

PubMed Central

Hospital personnel are exploring ways to increase both production and clinical efficiency in the delivery of health care. Because laboratory information systems (LISs) will play such a critical role in this quest, these systems must perform optimally. The author discusses whether the persistence of older LISs and manual data processing systems within hospital clinical laboratories is related to the “competency trap.” A competency trap occurs when continuing favorable performance with an inferior procedure leads an organization to accumulate more experience with it, thus avoiding experience with a superior procedure or keeping such experience at a low level.

Friedman, B.A.

1988-01-01

21

Integrating competence development into the curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aimed at developing academic and social competences in engineering students, a program has been designed that integrates this objective into the curriculum. Our experience with the development and implementation of such a program in first year engineering courses is described. Our results show that it is possible to reduce desertion and improve adaptation to college life and demands, among engineering

Nhora O. Acuna; Hernando Diaz; Jhon J. Ramirez

2011-01-01

22

How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

2009-01-01

23

How scientists develop competence in visual communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visuals (maps, charts, diagrams and illustrations) are an important tool for communication in most scientific disciplines, which means that scientists benefit from having strong visual communication skills. This dissertation examines the nature of competence in visual communication and the means by which scientists acquire this competence. This examination takes the form of an extensive multi-disciplinary integrative literature review and a series of interviews with graduate-level science students. The results are presented as a conceptual framework that lays out the components of competence in visual communication, including the communicative goals of science visuals, the characteristics of effective visuals, the skills and knowledge needed to create effective visuals and the learning experiences that promote the acquisition of these forms of skill and knowledge. This conceptual framework can be used to inform pedagogy and thus help graduate students achieve a higher level of competency in this area; it can also be used to identify aspects of acquiring competence in visual communication that need further study.

Ostergren, Marilyn

24

Developing competencies for pediatric hospice and palliative medicine.  

PubMed

In 2006, hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) became an officially recognized subspecialty. This designation helped initiate the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education Outcomes Project in HPM. As part of this process, a group of expert clinician-educators in HPM defined the initial competency-based outcomes for HPM fellows (General HPM Competencies). Concurrently, these experts recognized and acknowledged that additional expertise in pediatric HPM would ensure that the competencies for pediatric HPM were optimally represented. To fill this gap, a group of pediatric HPM experts used a product development method to define specific Pediatric HPM Competencies. This article describes the development process. With the ongoing evolution of HPM, these competencies will evolve. As part of the Next Accreditation System, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education uses milestones as a framework to better define competency-based, measurable outcomes for trainees. Currently, there are no milestones specific to HPM, although the field is designing curricular milestones with multispecialty involvement, including pediatrics. These competencies are the conceptual framework for the pediatric content in the HPM milestones. They are specific to the pediatric HPM subspecialist and should be integrated into the training of pediatric HPM subspecialists. They will serve a foundational role in HPM and should inform a wide range of emerging innovations, including the next evolution of HPM Competencies, development of HPM curricular milestones, and training of adult HPM and other pediatric subspecialists. They may also inform pediatric HPM outcome measures, as well as standards of practice and performance for pediatric HPM interdisciplinary teams. PMID:25404726

Klick, Jeffrey C; Friebert, Sarah; Hutton, Nancy; Osenga, Kaci; Pituch, Kenneth J; Vesel, Tamara; Weidner, Norbert; Block, Susan D; Morrison, Laura J

2014-12-01

25

Constructive Development and Counselor Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental predictors of students' ability to learn counseling skills would help counselor educators select candidates and assist admitted students in their learning. The present research examined the relationship between adult development, as measured by the Learning Environment Preferences test (W. S. Moore, 1989) and the Defining Issues…

Eriksen, Karen P.; McAuliffe, Garrett J.

2006-01-01

26

Information Literacy: Competency Standards for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents five standards and 22 performance indicators for information literacy in higher education that were developed by the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL)(approved by the Board of Directors of ACRL January 18, 2000). Highlights include determining information needs; accessing information; information evaluation; information

Teacher Librarian, 2001

2001-01-01

27

Interlanguage pragmatic development: the relation between pragmalinguistic competence and sociopragmatic competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers’ call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between pragmalinguistic competence and sociopragmatic competence in the development of

Yuh-Fang Chang

2011-01-01

28

Developing leadership in healthcare administration: a competency assessment tool.  

PubMed

Despite the many graduate programs that specialize in health administration, healthcare leaders and practitioners have expressed concern about the quality of preparation of health administration graduates. The purpose of this study was to facilitate one part of an integrated approach to leadership development that spans academic and practitioner settings. The approach was to design a competency assessment tool for early careerists who have two to five years of postgraduate experience and who aspire to fill senior leadership positions in complex, provider-based healthcare organizations. Open-ended interviews with key informants and a comprehensive review of relevant literature were done to identify and categorize a set of competencies relevant to early careerists. Based on data from key informants, specific work experiences and academic courses were mapped to each competency, indicating where and how such competencies might be developed. A simple rating system was then added to assess each competency, which resulted in the completion of the tool. Finally, the tool was piloted in a practitioner setting at the Massachusetts General Hospital Administrative Fellowship Program and in an academic setting at the Yale University Health Management Program. The resulting tool includes 52 competencies categorized into four domains: (1) technical skills (operations, finance; information resources, human resources, and strategic planning/external affairs); (2) industry knowledge (clinical process and healthcare institutions); (3) analytic and conceptual reasoning; and (4) interpersonal and emotional intelligence. Early experience with the tool suggests that it can facilitate career planning among graduate students, early careerists, and their mentors. Further, the tool can help directors of both academic and practitioner programs identify strengths and gaps in their existing curricula or training programs. By offering specific competencies linked to work experiences and graduate courses, the tool is an initial step toward promoting collaborative efforts between academic and practitioner programs. PMID:11372221

Robbins, C J; Bradley, E H; Spicer, M

2001-01-01

29

Communicative Competence: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Further Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence is set out to be of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The success of the sustainable development of communicative competence requires existing concepts of communicative competence

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

30

INFORMATION COMPETENCE PROGRAM Loyola College and College of Notre Dame  

E-print Network

INFORMATION COMPETENCE PROGRAM for Loyola College and College of Notre Dame The skills of analysis was. (Boyer Commission) Statement of Purpose Information literacy is the ability to access, evaluate, organize, and use information ethically to meet a need. The purpose of the Information Competence Program

Morrell, Christopher H.

31

Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new and promising area of research has recently emerged in the field of career development: career competencies. The present article provides a framework of career competencies that integrates several perspectives from the literature. The framework distinguishes between reflective, communicative, and behavioral career competencies. Six career…

Akkermans, Jos; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Huibers, Marthe; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2013-01-01

32

Development and Evaluation of Vocational Competency Measures. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of occupational competency tests representing all seven vocational education curriculum areas were developed, field tested, and validated. Seventeen occupations were selected for competency test development: agricultural chemicals applications technician, farm equipment mechanic, computer operator, word processing specialist, apparel…

Chalupsky, Albert B.; And Others

33

Competency Development and Career Success: The Mediating Role of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to unravel the relationship between competency development, employability and career success. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between employee participation in competency development initiatives, perceived support for competency development, self-perceived employability, and two indicators of subjective…

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.

2011-01-01

34

Survival in Transition or Implementing Information Science Core Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies and examines four information science core competencies of the Du Pont Corporation's information science services: ability to conceptualize information; knowledge of internal and external information resources; understanding of information resource management; and ability to synthesize and tailor information. Describes the…

Nichols, Margaret T.; And Others

1996-01-01

35

Developing logistics competencies through third party logistics relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers third party logistics (TPL) from a resource and competence perspective. New competencies are developed in the relationship between the shipper and the TPL provider. A typology of TPL relationships is developed going from market exchanges to joint logistics solutions. Here, the article will concentrate on the highest level – joint logistics solutions. The theoretical grounding of competence

Árni Halldórsson; Tage Skjøtt-Larsen

2004-01-01

36

Development of core competencies in clinical  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nationwide survey of core competencies of nutrition knowledge and skills that primary care physicians should know and\\/or be able to do has been completed. Nutrition competencies were synthesized from a review of clinical nutrition practices as reported in the medical literature and by medical school faculty group discussions. A nutrition competency questionnaire was sent to 445 practicing physicians and

Eleanor A Young; Elliot Weser; Helena M McBride; Carey P Page

37

ACGME Core Competencies: Helpful Information for Psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mission of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is to improve graduate medical education in\\u000a order to ultimately improve the quality of healthcare. To meet this mission the ACGME has firmly established a competency\\u000a based focus for resident education. The current manuscript describes the six general ACGME competencies of Patient Care, Medical\\u000a Knowledge, Practice-based Learning and Improvement,

Edwin E. Gatewood

2008-01-01

38

Information Pathways for the Competence Foresight Mechanism in Talent Management Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the research and literature through the development of the theme of competence foresight. In addition, the aim is to construct information pathways for the foresight mechanism, for the use of practitioners, to enable them to manage talent and competences with an anticipatory perspective.…

Siikaniemi, Lena

2012-01-01

39

The Development of Pragmatic Competence: Past Findings and Future Directions for Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents background to the descriptions and discussions of child language that are presented in this issue of the journal on the theme of developing pragmatic competence. This background information, referred to as "intuitive knowledge," serves as a framework for understanding children's development of pragmatic linguistic competence and…

Thompson, Linda

1996-01-01

40

Factors Motivating and Hindering Information and Communication Technologies Action Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information and Communication Technologies Action Competence (ICTAC) can be defined as "individuals' motivation and capacity to voluntarily employ their ICT skills for initiating or taking part in civic actions". Since academic staff and teachers in ICT related fields have crucial roles in training action-competent individuals, this study aimed to…

Kurt, Adile Askim; Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Ceylan, Beril; Kuzu, Elif Bugra; Donmez, Onur; Izmirli, Ozden Sahin

2013-01-01

41

National Occupational Competency Testing Institute Bulletin of Information for Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin describes the National Occupational Competency Testing Program, which is designed to give experienced craftsmen objective evidence of their competency in order (1) to obtain academic credit toward a degree, (2) to gain certification as an industrial teacher, or (3) to enroll in an industrial teacher education program. Information is…

National Occupational Competency Testing Inst., Albany, NY.

42

A Professional Development Unit for Reflecting on Program Evaluator Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an interactive professional development unit that engages both novice and experienced evaluators in (a) learning about the Essential Competencies for Program Evaluators (ECPE), (b) applying the competencies to program evaluation contexts, and (c) using the ECPE to reflect on their own professional practices. The article briefly summarizes current issues about program evaluator competencies and the components of

Gail Ghere; Jean A. King; Laurie Stevahn; Jane Minnema

2006-01-01

43

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation tested the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training and compared portfolios with another method of competence development, case formulation. Results indicate that portfolios benefit the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence, implications…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

2006-01-01

44

A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for the…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

45

Developing Adaptive Teaching Competency through Coaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research project Adaptive Teaching Competency seeks to conceptualise the processes of tuning teaching to individual students' learning needs and to empirically test, within the field of science teaching, to what extent Adaptive Teaching Competency can be fostered through teacher education. 32 primary and secondary teachers took part in an…

Vogt, Franziska; Rogalla, Marion

2009-01-01

46

Development of ecological competence in Sumatran orangutans.  

PubMed

Data on orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii) living in a Sumatran swamp forest yield an estimated median interbirth interval of at least 8 years, concurring with findings from other sites. This longest known mammalian interbirth interval appears due to maternal amenorrhea during the long exclusive dependence of the offspring. We describe the development of various components of offspring independence. In this arboreal ape, 3-year-olds had largely reached locomotor independence. Nest-building skills were also well-developed in 3-year-olds, but immatures shared their mother's nest until weaned at around age 7. At time of birth of the new sibling, association with the mother had begun to decline for both male and female offspring, suggesting that the immatures had mastered all the necessary skills, including basic tool use, to feed themselves. By about 11 years of age, they also ranged independently from the mother. These results show that orangutans do not develop independence more slowly than chimpanzees. Why, then, is weaning 2 years later in orangutans? In chimpanzees, mothers are often accompanied by two or even three consecutive offspring, unlike in orangutans. This contrast suggests that an orangutan mother cannot give birth until the previous offspring is ecologically competent enough to begin to range independently of her, probably due to the high energy costs of association. Thus, the exceptionally long interbirth intervals of orangutans may be a consequence of their solitary lifestyle. PMID:15472890

van Noordwijk, Maria A; van Schaik, Carel P

2005-05-01

47

The information below describes certain knowledge and skills, competencies, which graduate students should develop during their graduate career. Some competencies overlap in more than one category. Depending on your field and your chosen career path, cert  

E-print Network

strategies and solutions Evaluation and feedback Ability to behave in a manner consistent with the ethical others. Competency Elements Description Communication Effective communication Interpersonal understanding Mentoring relationships Collaboration and team-building Networking Ability to communicate, both orally

Crews, Stephen

48

Information Literacy and Office Tool Competencies: A Benchmark Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present information science literature recognizes the importance of information technology to achieve information literacy. The authors report the results of a benchmarking student survey regarding perceived functional skills and competencies in word-processing and presentation tools. They used analysis of variance and regression analysis to…

Heinrichs, John H.; Lim, Jeen-Su

2010-01-01

49

A Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the major issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The article summarizes a brief literature review on how competency models can be developed and implemented to improve employee performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized…

Gangani, Noordeen; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2006-01-01

50

Developing visual competencies for socially assistive robots: the HOBBIT approach  

E-print Network

Developing visual competencies for socially assistive robots: the HOBBIT approach K. Papoutsakis, P developing visual competencies for socially assistive robots within the framework of the HOBBIT project. We to realize the first robotic prototype (PT1) of the HOBBIT project1 . HOBBIT aims to develop a robotic

Argyros, Antonis

51

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competencies through Experiential Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on experiential learning as a teaching and learning methodology to increase students' multicultural counseling competencies. Outlines ethical and practical suggestions for using experiential learning in multicultural counseling curriculum. (Contains 43 references.) (GCP)

Arthur, Nancy; Achenbach, Kathleen

2002-01-01

52

Development of an Adjudicative Competence Research Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a When the MacArthur Adjudicative Competence project began in 1989, several measures were available to the field for evaluating\\u000a “competence to stand trial.” As noted in Chapter 1, the impetus for many of these measures had come from mental health professionals\\u000a who attempted to operationalize the judicial and statutory standards in order to facilitate assessments. The array of measures\\u000a ranged from

Norman G. Poythress; Richard J. Bonnie; John Monahan; Randy Otto; Steven K. Hoge

53

Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2011-01-01

54

Knowledge Management Model: Practical Application for Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group…

Lustri, Denise; Miura, Irene; Takahashi, Sergio

2007-01-01

55

Beyond information retrieval and electronic health record use: competencies in clinical informatics for medical education.  

PubMed

Physicians in the 21st century will increasingly interact in diverse ways with information systems, requiring competence in many aspects of clinical informatics. In recent years, many medical school curricula have added content in information retrieval (search) and basic use of the electronic health record. However, this omits the growing number of other ways that physicians are interacting with information that includes activities such as clinical decision support, quality measurement and improvement, personal health records, telemedicine, and personalized medicine. We describe a process whereby six faculty members representing different perspectives came together to define competencies in clinical informatics for a curriculum transformation process occurring at Oregon Health & Science University. From the broad competencies, we also developed specific learning objectives and milestones, an implementation schedule, and mapping to general competency domains. We present our work to encourage debate and refinement as well as facilitate evaluation in this area. PMID:25057246

Hersh, William R; Gorman, Paul N; Biagioli, Frances E; Mohan, Vishnu; Gold, Jeffrey A; Mejicano, George C

2014-01-01

56

Beyond information retrieval and electronic health record use: competencies in clinical informatics for medical education  

PubMed Central

Physicians in the 21st century will increasingly interact in diverse ways with information systems, requiring competence in many aspects of clinical informatics. In recent years, many medical school curricula have added content in information retrieval (search) and basic use of the electronic health record. However, this omits the growing number of other ways that physicians are interacting with information that includes activities such as clinical decision support, quality measurement and improvement, personal health records, telemedicine, and personalized medicine. We describe a process whereby six faculty members representing different perspectives came together to define competencies in clinical informatics for a curriculum transformation process occurring at Oregon Health & Science University. From the broad competencies, we also developed specific learning objectives and milestones, an implementation schedule, and mapping to general competency domains. We present our work to encourage debate and refinement as well as facilitate evaluation in this area. PMID:25057246

Hersh, William R; Gorman, Paul N; Biagioli, Frances E; Mohan, Vishnu; Gold, Jeffrey A; Mejicano, George C

2014-01-01

57

Sustainable Competency-Oriented Human Resource Development with Ontology-Based Competency Catalogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competency-oriented approaches are gaining ground in human resource development. Key technology to cope with the complexity of fine-grained approaches are ontologies. By having a formal semantics, many competency-related task can be partially automated on a technical level. In this paper, we want to show that ontology-based approaches also foster the sustainability of such approaches on an organizational level by providing

Andreas SCHMIDT; Christine KUNZMANN

58

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

59

Individualized Education and Competency Development of Croatian Community Pharmacists Using the General Level Framework  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To measure Croatian community pharmacists’ progress in competency development using the General Level Framework (GLF) as an educational tool in a longitudinal study. Methods. Patient care competencies of 100 community pharmacists were evaluated twice, in 2009 and in 2010 in a prospective cohort study. During this 12-month period, tailored educational programs based on the GLF were organized and conducted, new services and standard operating procedures were implemented, and documentation of contributions to patient care in the pharmacist’s portfolio became mandatory. Results. Pharmacists’ development of all GLF patient care competencies was significant with the greatest improvements seen in the following competencies: patient consultation, monitoring drug therapy, medicine information and patient education, and evaluation of outcomes. Conclusions. This study, which retested the effectiveness of an evidence-based competency framework, confirmed that GLF is a valid educational tool for pharmacist development. PMID:22438595

Stani?i?, Živka; Hadžiabdi?, Maja Ortner; Mucalo, Iva; Bates, Ian; Duggan, Catherine; Carter, Sarah; Bruno, Andreia; Koši?ek, Miljenko

2012-01-01

60

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training. It also compares the efficacy of portfolios to case formulation, another method of competence development. Students (N=27) attending a required course on multicultural counseling at a large Midwestern…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

61

E-portfolios: developing nurse practitioner competence and capability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective This paper aims to integrate nurse practitioner literature on competence and capability with post graduate and nursing literature on e?portfolios in order to demonstrate the potential merits of e?portfolios in nurse practitioner education for competence and capability development. Primary Argument

Debra Anderson; Glenn Gardner

62

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

63

Designing the Information Literacy Competency Standards for nursing.  

PubMed

This column documents the rationale for creating information literacy competency standards for nursing based on the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education" and the three documents from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) on essential skills for nurses in baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral level education and practice. It chronicles the process of the task force which is designing the discipline specific skills and predicts the value of their use, once they are published. PMID:23394425

Phelps, Sue F

2013-01-01

64

New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.12: Library System Supplier Professional Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in a library system supplier organization. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals working in such organizations perform: research and development; marketing; customer support;…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

65

Evolution of an Information Competency Requirement for Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University at Buffalo undergraduate students are required to complete a non-credit-bearing information competency assessment prior to graduation, preferably within their first year of study. Called the "Library Skills Workbook," this assessment has evolved from a short, print-based quiz into a sophisticated, multi-module tutorial and assessment on…

Walsh, Tiffany R.

2011-01-01

66

Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Relation between Pragmalinguistic Competence and Sociopragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers' call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2011-01-01

67

Development and validation of the sense of competence scale - revised.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure the sense of competence of traditional age college students across the dimensions that define the construct. The Sense of Competence Scale-Revised (SCS-R) was developed to provide a measure of Chickering's (1969) first vector, an important psychosocial construct. Administrators can use data from the instrument to modify an institution's academic and social environment to enhance the development of the intellectual, physical, and interpersonal competencies of college students. During the development and validation, various aspects of the SCS-R were examined in accordance with the validity framework outlined by Messick (1995). Of the six types of validity evidence proposed by Messick (1995), four were the primary focus: content, substantive, structural and generalizability. The evidence generated from the study suggested that the chosen items for the SCS-R support the validity of estimates of a student's personal assessment of their sense of competence. PMID:23816617

McFadden, Cara; Skaggs, Gary; Janosik, Steven

2013-01-01

68

Reproductive competence: a recurrent logic module in eukaryotic development  

PubMed Central

Developmental competence is the ability to differentiate in response to an appropriate stimulus, as first elaborated by Waddington in relation to organs and tissues. Competence thresholds operate at all levels of biological systems from the molecular (e.g. the cell cycle) to the ontological (e.g. metamorphosis and reproduction). Reproductive competence, an organismal process, is well studied in mammals (sexual maturity) and plants (vegetative phase change), though far less than later stages of terminal differentiation. The phenomenon has also been documented in multiple species of multicellular fungi, mostly in early, disparate literature, providing a clear example of physiological differentiation in the absence of morphological change. This review brings together data on reproductive competence in Ascomycete fungi, particularly the model filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, contrasting mechanisms within Unikonts and plants. We posit reproductive competence is an elementary logic module necessary for coordinated development of multicellular organisms or functional units. This includes unitary multicellular life as well as colonial species both unicellular and multicellular (e.g. social insects such as ants). We discuss adaptive hypotheses for developmental and reproductive competence systems and suggest experimental work to address the evolutionary origins, generality and genetic basis of competence in the fungal kingdom. PMID:23864594

Noble, Luke M.; Andrianopoulos, Alex

2013-01-01

69

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

70

Key Competencies: Overall Goals for Competence Development: An International and Interdisciplinary Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifelong learning and competence or skill development are key notions in international efforts to meet the demands and challenges\\u000a of a globalized, rapidly changing and increasingly complex world, and to promote economically, socially and environmentally\\u000a sustainable development. Monitoring education and training systems has become a critical issue on the political agenda all\\u000a over the world.

Dominique Simone Rychen

71

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

72

Developing Competence for Nurses and Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informal caregivers--primarily family members--are the foundation of rehabilitation, chronic care, and long-term support for older persons. The growing population of older persons and the changing health care delivery system (for example, shortened hospital stays) demand more of family caregivers and increase the toll on their health. To help them…

Damron-Rodriguez, JoAnn

2008-01-01

73

Developing Competency Rating Scales in Adult Literacy: An Analytical Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the conceptual framework underpinning the development of competency rating scales for adult literacy. It provides a rationale for a project that was conducted in Australia during International Literacy Year (1990) to develop appropriate ratings scales to assess adults' literacy and numeracy skills. The paper examines the…

Griffin, Patrick; And Others

74

The Development of Community Competence in the Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are expected to frequently collaborate within teacher communities in schools. This requires teacher education to prepare student teachers by developing the necessary community competence. The present study empirically investigates the extent to which teacher education programmes pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of…

Dobber, Marjolein; Vandyck, Inne; Akkerman, Sanne; Graaff, Rick de; Beishuizen, Jos; Pilot, Albert; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan

2013-01-01

75

Developing supply chain management program: a competency model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into curriculum development in higher education. Using a case study approach, the paper details the

Matthew H. Sauber; Hugh B. McSurely; V. M. Rao Tummala

2008-01-01

76

Social Competency and New Product Development Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have fruitfully investigated the suc- cess factors of new product development. Most of these studies explored the phenomenon from the firm\\/team level. Little has been done from the perspective of how individuals within new prod- uct teams contribute to new product development (NPD) and its performance. Yet, any organizational output should be imputable to specific individuals, and understanding

Jifeng Mu; Gengmiao Zhang; Douglas L. MacLachlan

2011-01-01

77

Preventing "Information Overdose": Developing Information-Literate Practitioners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is vital for medical practice. Considerations for continuing education planners include (1) continuous development of informatics skills; (2) certification of information competence; (3) contextualization of information literacy skills; (4) convergence of technological and information literacy; and (5) collaboration through…

Candy, Philip C.

2000-01-01

78

The development of an online measure of therapist competence.  

PubMed

The topic of therapist training has been relatively neglected in the research literature. Similarly, the related issue of the measurement of the outcome of training, especially therapist competence, has been largely overlooked. Data supporting the effectiveness of various methods of clinician training and those providing estimates of the level of competence achieved by clinicians are scarce. Validated scalable methods for the measurement of clinician outcomes such as competence are required to evaluate both existing and new methods of training. This study focuses on the development and testing of an online measure (eMeasure) to assess therapists' applied knowledge of Enhanced Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT-E), a transdiagnostic evidence-supported treatment for the full range of eating disorders. The eMeasure meets the stringent requirements of the Rasch model and has three equivalent versions making it suitable for repeat testing of trainees in outcome studies. Preliminary best cut points to distinguish between those who are competent and those who are not are identified. While the present work focused on CBT-E, the method described may be used to develop and test other measures relating to therapist competence. PMID:25528502

Cooper, Zafra; Doll, Helen; Bailey-Straebler, Suzanne; Kluczniok, Dorothea; Murphy, Rebecca; O'Connor, Marianne E; Fairburn, Christopher G

2015-01-01

79

The development of an online measure of therapist competence?  

PubMed Central

The topic of therapist training has been relatively neglected in the research literature. Similarly, the related issue of the measurement of the outcome of training, especially therapist competence, has been largely overlooked. Data supporting the effectiveness of various methods of clinician training and those providing estimates of the level of competence achieved by clinicians are scarce. Validated scalable methods for the measurement of clinician outcomes such as competence are required to evaluate both existing and new methods of training. This study focuses on the development and testing of an online measure (eMeasure) to assess therapists' applied knowledge of Enhanced Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT-E), a transdiagnostic evidence-supported treatment for the full range of eating disorders. The eMeasure meets the stringent requirements of the Rasch model and has three equivalent versions making it suitable for repeat testing of trainees in outcome studies. Preliminary best cut points to distinguish between those who are competent and those who are not are identified. While the present work focused on CBT-E, the method described may be used to develop and test other measures relating to therapist competence. PMID:25528502

Cooper, Zafra; Doll, Helen; Bailey-Straebler, Suzanne; Kluczniok, Dorothea; Murphy, Rebecca; O'Connor, Marianne E.; Fairburn, Christopher G.

2015-01-01

80

Pedagogical Catalysts of Civic Competence: The Development of a Critical Epistemological Model for Community-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Democratic problem-solving necessitates an active and informed citizenry, but existing research on service-learning has shed little light on the relationship between pedagogical practices and civic competence outcomes. This study developed and tested a model to represent that relationship and identified pedagogical catalysts of civic competence

Stokamer, Stephanie

2013-01-01

81

Barclay's Approach To Developing and Measuring Competence via Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Training Development Group of Barclays Bank (United Kingdom) was formed in 1989 to design cost effective training for the banks employees. Describes the bank's "systems approach" to training design: the training needs analysis, identification of performance competences, determination of behavioral objectives, selection of instructional…

Christian-Carter, Judith

1992-01-01

82

Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When two or more languages are part of a child's world, we are presented with a rich opportunity to learn something about language in general and about how the mind works. In this book, Norbert Francis examines the development of bilingual proficiency and the different kinds of competence that come together in making up its component parts. In…

Francis, Norbert

2011-01-01

83

Child Rearing Practices and the Development of Competence. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a pilot project which involved the development and evaluation of an experimental treatment (training program) suitable for a longitudinal study in which the effects of child rearing practices on general competence in young children are being studied. Eleven families participated in the pilot training program which…

White, Burton L.; And Others

84

Promoting Ego Development and Multicultural Competence during Internship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development

Cannon, Edward P.; Frank, Dennis

2009-01-01

85

Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk…

Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine

86

Reading Culture: Using Literature To Develop C2 Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a qualitative research project designed to explore the relationship between the study of a foreign language literary text and the development of competence in a second culture (C2). Compared the attitudes and performances of students who read a fact sheet about Cote d'Ivoire to students who studied a poem about Cote d'Ivoire. Students…

Scott, Virginia M.; Huntington, Julie A.

2002-01-01

87

School of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency  

E-print Network

School of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency Educate our students and finance, and to raise the overall scientific literacy of our general public during their undergraduate and working lives. Intended learning outcome of science students Upon graduation, students should: 1. Be able

Li, Kin-Yin

88

Developing Supply Chain Management Program: A Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into…

Sauber, Matthew H.; McSurely, Hugh B.; Tummala, V. M. Rao

2008-01-01

89

Developing Broad Business Perspective Competencies by Partnering with Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CPA Vision Project-2011 and Beyond) is a blueprint for the accounting profession of the 21st Century. From this visioning process the AICPA Core Competency Framework for Entry into the Accounting Profession (1999) was developed. It is from this framework that accounting educators are invited to adjust curriculum to provide students with the…

Cummings, Richard; Miller, Mark W.

2006-01-01

90

Motivating Law Students to Develop Competent Legal Research Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a recent survey indicate that most law students do not consider learning legal research skills important. This article addresses ways in which academic law librarians can help counter negative attitudes toward legal research. The article also contains suggestions for helping motivate law students to develop competent legal research skills. The author encourages academic law librarians to assert

Kory D. Staheli

1995-01-01

91

The Challenges in Developing VET Competencies in E-Commerce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A formative evaluation was begun of an innovative project funded by the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) to develop competencies and qualifications in e-commerce. The formative evaluation was designed to focus on inputs, processes, and interim outputs, identifying both good practice and areas for improvement. Findings to date…

Mitchell, John

92

Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

2012-01-01

93

Competency Based Curriculum Development for Rural Secondary Schools in Alaska: A User's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of 18 months' work, this guide to developing and implementing a competency based curriculum for Alaska's North Slope Borough School District is designed to provide personnel in other rural Alaskan districts with information, materials, and planning procedures that can be replicated and/or adapted. Each portion of the North Slope project…

Evenson, Patricia O.

94

Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-ba sed learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2006-01-01

95

Development and Initial Validation of the Multicultural Competence Change Scale for Psychology Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, maintenance, and integration of multicultural competence into all aspects of psychologists' work is critical to ethical practice in an increasingly diverse society. Measurement of multicultural competency is critical to investigating the development of multicultural competence and the effectiveness of multicultural competency

Caban, Alisia Rose

2010-01-01

96

Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Education Competencies and a Competency-Based Resource Guide for Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate nutrition education competencies and a competency-based resource guide, Connecting the Dots...Healthy Foods, Healthy Choices, Healthy Kids (CTD), for preschool-aged children in California. Methods: Nutrition education experts and California Department of Education staff…

Scherr, Rachel E.; Reed, Heather; Briggs, Marilyn; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri

2011-01-01

97

Competence Development in the Public Sector: Development, or Dismantling of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular, competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing…

Hjort, Katrin

2008-01-01

98

The development of ESD-related competencies in supportive institutional frameworks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany—in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations—one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping and understanding pupils' competencies. This article provides a Model of Competence for ESD in the formal education sector. This model aims to inform the organisation of teaching and to help assess the learning outcomes of pupils who have received instruction in issues relating to ESD. The competence model was developed and extended in connection with two German federal state innovation programmes which aimed to implement the concept of ESD in schools across the country.

de Haan, Gerhard

2010-06-01

99

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos  

PubMed Central

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

100

The Development, Validity, and Reliability of a Psychometric Instrument Measuring Competencies in Student Affairs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of competencies in student affairs began more than 4 decades ago, but no instrument currently exists to measure competencies broadly. This study builds upon previous research by developing an instrument to measure student affairs competencies. Results not only validate the competencies espoused by NASPA and ACPA, but also suggest adding…

Sriram, Rishi

2014-01-01

101

Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide facultywith opportunities to develop  

E-print Network

Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide to Information Literacy Competencies. As of fall 2014, seventy-six grants have been awarded. Projects have Information Literacy Modules for Local, National and/or Worldwide Impact Sections of First Year Seminar Timoth

102

Competencies for Financial Aid Officers: A Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial aid officers play a vital role in assisting prospective and current college students in enrolling and graduating from college. This study explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of thirty competencies was distributed to 508 practicing financial aid officers in the Western United…

Woolf, Michael Neil

2012-01-01

103

Emotional Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

The concept of emotional competence as a positive youth development construct is reviewed in this paper. Differences between emotional intelligence and emotional competence are discussed and an operational definition is adopted. Assessment methods of emotional competence with an emphasis on its quantitative nature are introduced. In the discussion of theories of emotional competence, the functionalist and developmental perspectives and the relationships with positive youth development are highlighted. Possible antecedents, especially the influence of early child-caregiver, and expected outcomes of emotional competence are examined. Practical ways to promote emotional competence among adolescents, particularly the role of parents and teachers, and the future direction of research are also discussed. PMID:22666176

Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

104

Who Teaches Information Literacy Competencies? Report of a Study of Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is recognized as an essential competency for educational success. It relates to all disciplines but is not a separate discipline, so it is not clear who takes responsibility for teaching this competency to undergraduates. This is a report of a survey conducted to better understand the extent to which teaching information

Weiner, Sharon A.

2014-01-01

105

Developing a competency framework for U.S. state food and feed testing laboratory personnel.  

PubMed

A competency-based training curriculum framework for U.S. state food and feed testing laboratories personnel is being developed by the International Food Protection Training Institute (IFPTI) and three partners. The framework will help laboratories catalog existing training courses/modules, identify training gaps, inform training curricula, and create career-spanning professional development learning paths, ensuring consistent performance expectations and increasing confidence in shared test results. Ultimately, the framework will aid laboratories in meeting the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 (2005) international accreditation and the U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act (U.S. Public Law 111-353). In collaboration with the Association of Food and Drug Officials, the Association of Public Health Laboratories, and the Association of American Feed Control Officials, IFPTI is carrying out the project in two phases. In 2013, an expert panel of seven subject matter experts developed competency and curriculum frameworks for five professional levels (entry, mid-level, expert, supervisor/manager, and senior administration) across four competency domains (technical, communication, programmatic, and leadership) including approximately 80 competencies. In 2014 the expert panel will elicit feedback from peers and finalize the framework. PMID:25051623

Kaml, Craig; Weiss, Christopher C; Dezendorf, Paul; Ishida, Maria; Rice, Daniel H; Klein, Ron; Salfinger, Yvonne

2014-01-01

106

COMPETENCIES DICTIONARY Contents Page  

E-print Network

COMPETENCIES DICTIONARY Contents Page Core Competencies Results Orientation/Project Management Functional Competencies Flexibility and Development .....................................................................11-12 Leadership Competencies

Bieber, Michael

107

Competence development in the public sector: Development, or dismantling of professionalism?  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public\\u000a sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular,\\u000a competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing dominant Neo-Liberal political

Katrin Hjort

2008-01-01

108

Developing nurse educator competency in the pedagogy of simulation.  

PubMed

Faculty development is needed for nurse educators to effectively use simulation as a learning tool. A synthesis of research evidence regarding current practices in preparing educators to use simulation provided a foundation for faculty development. Implementation of a two-pronged approach within a regional collaboration of four schools of nursing is described; results of the evaluation of the approaches are presented. Use of the National League for Nursing Core Competencies of Nurse Educators as the organizing framework and Roger's Diffusion of Innovations Model as the theoretical framework is discussed. An overview is provided of the two prongs: (a) a short course for novice educators, and (b) examples of continuing education programming for experienced faculty members new to simulation to enhance effective application of this pedagogy. Recommendations include designing faculty development for simulation within a framework for systems change, maintaining flexibility to meet diverse needs, and using existing online resources. PMID:23110325

McNeill, Jeanette; Parker, Ramona Ann; Nadeau, Julie; Pelayo, Lula W; Cook, Jennifer

2012-12-01

109

Developing a common metadata model for competencies description  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non- formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues related with the definition of a common

Demetrios G. Sampson; Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Fytros

2007-01-01

110

Developing a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non-formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues…

Sampson, Demetrios; Karampiperis, Pythagoras; Fytros, Demetrios

2007-01-01

111

Assessing Competence in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 12 essays focuses on issues surrounding the assessment of competence in higher education, providing examples to illustrate the competence approach in practice in the United Kingdom. They include: (1) "The Assessment of Competence in Higher Education" (Anne Edwards and Peter Knight); (2) "National Vocational Qualifications: The…

Edwards, Anne, Ed.; Knight, Peter, Ed.

112

A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

2012-12-01

113

Modelling the way that dentists use information: an audit tool for capability and competency.  

PubMed

Information, and the use of computers to provide that information, is becoming an increasingly important part of all aspects of clinical practice including dentistry. In 2003, a survey of English dental practices found nearly a quarter of practices were not using computers at all. Dental practices, whether NHS or private, can use information technology to provide significant benefits to patients and practices alike. In this article, a model is described for the maturity of information usage in dental practices. The model uses an approach successfully deployed previously in a range of applications in healthcare and other domains. The approach audits current maturity of usage and staff competency to help develop improvement plans for dental practices. The article describes how the model has been made freely available to dental practices over the Internet. PMID:17992238

Gillies, A; Howard, J

2007-11-10

114

Development and Validation of the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) Self-Report Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No self-report measure of cultural competence currently exists in program evaluation. Adapting items from cultural competence measures in fields such as counseling and nursing, the researchers developed the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) self-report scale. The goals of this study were to validate the CCPE and to assess…

Dunaway, Krystall E.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Porter, Bryan E.

2012-01-01

115

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

116

Developing Emotional Competence in Teacher Education Students: The Emotional Intelligence Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

he generalist notion of the competencies of the Griffith graduate, which involves personal as well as academic skills, provides a framework within which to consider (a) the nature of emotional competencies in teacher education students, (b) changes in the developing profile of personal competencies over a 4-year program of study, and (c) strengths and weaknesses that may affect professional and

Michael Davies; Fiona Bryer

117

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

118

Temporal Fate Specification and Neural Progenitor Competence During Development  

PubMed Central

The vast diversity of neurons and glia of the central nervous system is generated from a small, heterogeneous population of progenitors that undergo transcriptional changes during development to sequentially specify distinct cell fates. Guided by cell intrinsic and temporal extrinsic cues, invertebrate and mammalian neural progenitors carefully regulate when and how many of each cell type is produced to form functional neural circuits. Emerging evidence indicates that neural progenitors also undergo changes in global chromatin architecture, thereby restricting the duration a particular temporal cue can act. Thus, studies of temporal identity specification and progenitor competence can provide insight into how we may use neural progenitors to more effectively generate specific cell types for brain repair. PMID:24400340

Kohwi, Minoree; Doe, Chris Q.

2014-01-01

119

The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): Development and Validation of a Self-Reported Measure that Fits Dimensions of Emotional Competence Theory  

PubMed Central

Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one’s own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals’ adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one’s own and others’ emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

Brasseur, Sophie; Grégoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moïra

2013-01-01

120

The development of the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale: a standardized measure of social competence in autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

Autism and its related disorders are commonly described as lying along a continuum that ranges in severity and are collectively referred to as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Although all individuals with ASD meet the social impairment diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM-IV-TR, they do not present with the same social difficulties. The variability in the expression and severity of social competence is particularly evident among the group of individuals with "high-functioning" ASD who appear to have difficulty applying their average to above average intelligence in a social context. There is a striking paucity of empirical research investigating individual differences in social functioning among individuals with high-functioning ASD. It is possible that more detailed investigations of social competence have been impeded by the lack of standardized measures available to assess the nature and severity of social impairment. The aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate a parent rating scale capable of assessing individual differences in social competence (i.e. strengths and challenges) among adolescents with ASD: the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale (MSCS). Results from confirmatory factor analyses supported the hypothesized multidimensional factor structure of the MSCS. Seven relatively distinct domains of social competence were identified including social motivation, social inferencing, demonstrating empathic concern, social knowledge, verbal conversation skills, nonverbal sending skills, and emotion regulation. Psychometric evidence provided preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the scale. Possible applications of this promising new parent rating scale in both research and clinical settings are discussed. PMID:24108618

Yager, Jodi; Iarocci, Grace

2013-12-01

121

Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

2014-01-01

122

Bidirectional Associations among Sensitive Parenting, Language Development, and Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in language skills and social competence, both of which are linked to sensitive parenting, characterize early childhood. The present study examines bidirectional associations among mothers' sensitive parenting and children's language skills and social competence from 24 to 36?months in a community sample of 174 families. In…

Barnett, Melissa A.; Gustafsson, Hanna; Deng, Min; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Cox, Martha

2012-01-01

123

Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

2010-01-01

124

Improving global health education: development of a Global Health Competency Model.  

PubMed

Although global health is a recommended content area for the future of education in public health, no standardized global health competency model existed for master-level public health students. Without such a competency model, academic institutions are challenged to ensure that students are able to demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) needed for successful performance in today's global health workforce. The Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH) sought to address this need by facilitating the development of a global health competency model through a multistage modified-Delphi process. Practitioners and academic global health experts provided leadership and guidance throughout the competency development process. The resulting product, the Global Health Competency Model 1.1, includes seven domains and 36 competencies. The Global Health Competency Model 1.1 provides a platform for engaging educators, students, and global health employers in discussion of the KSAs needed to improve human health on a global scale. PMID:24445206

Ablah, Elizabeth; Biberman, Dorothy A; Weist, Elizabeth M; Buekens, Pierre; Bentley, Margaret E; Burke, Donald; Finnegan, John R; Flahault, Antoine; Frenk, Julio; Gotsch, Audrey R; Klag, Michael J; Rodriguez Lopez, Mario Henry; Nasca, Philip; Shortell, Stephen; Spencer, Harrison C

2014-03-01

125

The Integrated Personnel Development System: The Training and Development of Competent Firefighters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article enquires into the nature of an emergent continuous professional development (CPD) mechanism for firefighters in the form of an Integrated Personnel Development System (IPDS), which proposes to base future training for every rank in the service on the acquisition and demonstration of competence for role. IPDS is due to be introduced…

Moran, Peter; Starling, Paul

2005-01-01

126

Developing Teacher Competences for Education for Sustainable Development through Reflection: The Environment and School Initiatives Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction to this paper gives a short overview of the Environment and Schools Initiatives (ENSI) perspective on teaching competences. We argue that as change is one of the key elements of sustainable development, reflection that helps to adapt educational practice to a continuously developing world should be a starting point for every…

Varga, Attila; Koszo, Maria Fuz; Mayer, Michela; Sleurs, Willy

2007-01-01

127

Total Resolution for Human Resource Development Based on Competency Ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

While there are various advancement of education system development, an issue namely Interoperability occurs particularly in Human Resource Development, which is the largest obstruction factor for utilizing information technology in HRD. In order to resolve such obstruction factor, we thought that the perspective on the whole education system in designing would be needed rather than one on each piece of

Kenji Hirata; Mitsuru Ikeda; Riichiro Mizoguchi

128

A Study to Develop and Evaluate a Competency-Based Introductory Counseling Course for a Bible College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based introductory counseling course, including demonstrations of model counseling, student role-play counseling, information about prisoners, and a counseling practicum using prisoners as a client population, was developed for Roanoke Bible College. Research was then conducted to evaluate the course materials. Findings led to the…

Styons, Melvin D.

129

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically developing children ages 4 to 14 years. Study 2 included 126 clinic-referred

Clark McKown; Laura M. Gumbiner; Nicole M. Russo; Meryl Lipton

2009-01-01

130

Preliminary Insight of Information Literacy Competencies among School Library Media Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines library media teachers' perception of information literacy, their current levels of information literacy competencies, and the factors affecting information literacy implementation in secondary schools. 36 library media teachers from Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Kuala Lumpur participated in this self-report questionnaire-based…

Tan, Shyh-Mee; Diljit, Singh

2010-01-01

131

Development of Oncolytic Replication-Competent Herpes Simplex Virus Vectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oncolytic virus therapy is a promising new strategy for treating cancer that involves replication-competent virus vectors\\u000a that can replicate in situ in tumor cells, exhibit oncolytic activity by direct cytocidal effects, and then spread throughout the tumor. In addition,\\u000a replication-competent virus vectors are capable of transferring and expressing foreign genes in host cells. These virus vectors\\u000a are either genetically engineered

Tomoki Todo; Samuel D. Rabkin

132

Developing Generic Competences in Online Virtual Education Programmes at the University of Deusto  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The current paper focuses on the increasing demand for generic competences both from governments and industries. Despite this fact, there is insufficient awareness and information in education systems on how to equip graduates with appropriate generic competences for the world of work and citizenship. This is even more complicated in…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2012-01-01

133

Vocational Education Students' Generic Working Life Competencies: Developing a Self-Assessment Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study reports on the process of developing a self-assessment instrument for vocational education students' generic working life competencies. The instrument was developed based on a competence framework and in close collaboration with several vocational education teachers and intermediary organisations offering various human…

Kyndt, Eva; Janssens, Ine; Coertjens, Liesje; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent; Van Petegem, Peter

2014-01-01

134

Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the European…

Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

2008-01-01

135

Development and Cross-Cultural Application of a Competency Assessment Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the cross-cultural development and use of the Behavior Description Index (BDI). The development of culturally-transportable scales; cross-cultural comparisons of results for 12 Spanish, 15 Hungarian, 15 Indonesian, and U.S. managers; and the transportability of competencies as constructs are considered. A competency is an…

Page, Ronald C.; De Puga, Ignacio Suarez

136

Competencies in Ornamental Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the author's dissertation, this article pertains to the identification of competencies for ornamental horticulture workers in Oregon. Findings were based on interviews with 56 ornamental horticulture business employers regarding 100 competencies. The method used can serve as a model for obtaining occupational information to develop and…

Loewen, Curtis E.

1974-01-01

137

Developing high-level change and innovation agents: competencies and challenges for executive leadership.  

PubMed

The work of health care reform and revolution requires leadership competencies that integrate the digital realities of time, space, and media. Leadership skills and behaviors of command, control, and directing from predigital times are no longer effective, given the impacts of the digital changes. Developing leadership competence in evidence-driven processes, facilitation, collaborative teamwork, and instilling a sense of urgency is the work of today's executive leaders. Ten competencies necessary for contemporary executive leadership are presented in this article. PMID:23222755

Malloch, Kathy; Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek

2013-01-01

138

Nurses’ Competencies in Disaster Nursing: Implications for Curriculum Development and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses’ perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses’ perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses’ (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses’ perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public. PMID:24658409

Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

2014-01-01

139

Framework for development of physician competencies in genomic medicine: report of the Competencies Working Group of the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics.  

PubMed

Completion of the Human Genome Project, in conjunction with dramatic reductions in the cost of DNA sequencing and advances in translational research, is gradually ushering genomic discoveries and technologies into the practice of medicine. The rapid pace of these advances is opening up a gap between the knowledge available about the clinical relevance of genomic information and the ability of clinicians to include such information in their medical practices. This educational gap threatens to be rate limiting to the clinical adoption of genomics in medicine. Solutions will require not only a better understanding of the clinical implications of genetic discoveries but also training in genomics at all levels of professional development, including for individuals in formal training and others who long ago completed such training. The National Human Genome Research Institute has convened the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics (ISCC) to develop and share best practices in the use of genomics in medicine. The ISCC has developed a framework for development of genomics practice competencies that may serve as a starting point for formulation of competencies for physicians in various medical disciplines. PMID:24763287

Korf, Bruce R; Berry, Anna B; Limson, Melvin; Marian, Ali J; Murray, Michael F; O'Rourke, P Pearl; Passamani, Eugene R; Relling, Mary V; Tooker, John; Tsongalis, Gregory J; Rodriguez, Laura L

2014-11-01

140

Information Literacy: A Key Competency to Students' Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information seeking approaches have changed worldwide today with the evolution of the Internet and on-line resources. This has resulted in the evolution of new learning methods and information literacy strategies. A growing number of students in schools everywhere are using the large number of information sources available on the Internet for conducting research and for communication purposes. In this article

Muthu Kumar; Uma Natarajan; Sunita Shankar

2005-01-01

141

Exploring the information literacy competence standards for elementary and high school teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this study was to establish Information Literacy Competence Standards for Elementary and High School Teachers. To establish these standards a set of two expert round-table discussions and three rounds of Delphi Tech- nique surveys were employed. Ten participants including field scholars, information professionals were invited to the expert round-table for open discussions on definitions, framework, and

Jia-rong Wen; Wen-ling Shih

2008-01-01

142

Exploring the Information Literacy Competence Standards for Elementary and High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to establish Information Literacy Competence Standards for Elementary and High School Teachers. To establish these standards a set of two expert round-table discussions and three rounds of Delphi Technique surveys were employed. Ten participants including field scholars, information professionals were invited to…

Wen, Jia Rong; Shih, Wen Ling

2008-01-01

143

Student and Teacher Ratings of Academic Competence: An Examination of Cross-Informant Agreement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted with samples of middle and high school teachers and students to examine cross-informant agreement on the Academic Competence Evaluation Scales. Cross-informant agreement was examined using Pearson correlations and conditional probability indices. Results of Study 1 (N = 65) and Study 2 (N = 66) indicated that teacher and…

Kettler, Ryan J.; Elliott, Stephen N.; DiPerna, James C.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Reiser, Deitra; Resurreccion, Leilani

2014-01-01

144

A Proposed Design for the Business Capstone Course with Emphasis on Improving Students' Information Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business school accrediting agencies and employers increasingly demand evidence that students are mastering information competency (IC) skills. The authors present an innovative approach to inculcate IC skills in the strategic management "capstone" class, integrating cross-departmental student training in using electronic information sources,…

Gilinsky, Armand, Jr.; Robison, Richard

2008-01-01

145

Freehand Sketching as a Catalyst for Developing Concept Driven Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when concept driven competencies are perceived to be critical in redefining effective technological education, the introduction of Design and Communication Graphics at senior cycle in Irish high schools has broad implications. Students now have the potential to explore applied geometries, integrated with conceptual thinking in addition…

Lane, Diarmaid; Seery, Niall

2011-01-01

146

The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

2009-01-01

147

Validation and Development of Competencies for Meeting Planners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the entry-level requirements for meeting planners. The study benefited from the definition of the body of knowledge that had already been done for a professional meeting planner certificate by the Association of Professional Meeting Planners International. To document the competencies needed for an entry-level…

Walk, Mary H.

148

A Competency-Based Model for Developing Human Resource Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a framework for the design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for graduate management education. The article also outlines how this model has been implemented at one university in the context of a graduate degree in human resource management. Among the significant challenges discussed are the identification…

McEvoy, Glenn M.; Hayton, James C.; Warnick, Alan P.; Mumford, Troy V.; Hanks, Steven H.; Blahna, Mary Jo

2005-01-01

149

Developing Entrepreneurial Competence among Minnesota's Technical Institute Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following up a 1987 study that had identified 1,169 entrepreneurial graduates of Minnesota's technical institutes from the 10-year time period prior to 1984, a study was conducted to determine how Minnesota's technical institutes presently promote entrepreneurial competence for their students and how they can help future students. Questionnaires…

Minnesota State Council on Vocational Technical Education, St. Paul.

150

Developing project management competency: perspectives from the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project managers in today's construction industry are faced with a situation whereby the fundamental roles and functions they perform are witnessing a gradual shift in focus. To maintain their professional competency, practising project managers in construction adapt to this changing industry environment by relying on knowledge and skills acquired through training and experience. The extent to which such training enables

F. T. Edum-Fotwe; R McCaffer

2000-01-01

151

Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

2014-01-01

152

Leading with Diversity: Cultural Competencies for Teacher Preparation and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the student population in schools becomes increasingly diverse, many teachers need professional development to build cultural competencies--the skills and awareness related to issues such as culture, language, race, and ethnicity. This book draws together in one place the research and practical knowledge about cultural competencies that…

Trumbull, Elise; Pacheco, Maria

2005-01-01

153

Development of Competency Based Competitive Events in Distributive Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report was designed to provide competitive events for students of distributive education which correlate with competency-based curriculum. The products which were developed by the project are 109 written competency-based events in eleven occupational areas and 115 performance events in twelve occupational areas.…

Turner, Betty H.

154

Effects of Collaborative Musical Theater on the Development of Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study analyzes the social competence of university students of the Music Education Teaching Degree through variables group climate, team cohesion and social skills. The need to develop good social competence was the basis to implement a project based on the musical theater applied according to the collaborative learning…

Perez-Aldeguer, Santiago

2013-01-01

155

A Manual of Competency Matched Instructional Materials for Developing Coal Mining Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist in the development of secondary level coal mining curricula, this report identifies sixty-four competencies considered by coal mining companies and instructors to be of major or moderate importance. Also, four tables are used to aid curriculum planners. Table 1 contains occupational competencies ranked in importance for the secondary…

Katz, Douglas S.; Oglesby, Elizabeth H.

156

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

157

Assessing Cross-Cultural Competence in Transnational Education: The Intercultural Development Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS), Bennett's conceptual framework for understanding the developmental stages of intercultural competence, and the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI), a psychometric instrument for measuring cross-cultural competence and training needs, in both individuals and groups, and…

Greenholtz, Joe

2000-01-01

158

Developing Competence Profiles for Educators in Environmental Education Organisations in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the meanings and possible merits of introducing competence profiles for enhancing professional development in the environmental education sector in the Netherlands. It presents the three most important environmental education jobs and their underlying competencies alongside their core professional challenges, as…

Wesselink, Renate; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2011-01-01

159

Navigating Difference: Development and Implementation of a Successful Cultural Competency Training for Extension and Outreach Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As our world becomes more interconnected on international, domestic, and personal levels, our need to be more culturally competent increases (Samovar, Porter, & McDaniel, 2007; Ting-Toomey, 1999). Recognizing this need, Washington State University Extension sought to increase skills of its personnel by developing a set of cultural competencies

Deen, Mary Y.; Parker, Louise A.; Hill, Laura Griner; Huskey, Melynda; Whitehall, Anna P.

2014-01-01

160

A Research on Tourism Human Resource Development Based on Competency Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of a competency model in China's tourism enterprises is still growing. The ability of tourism professionals is the key which can enhance the core competitiveness of enterprises. A competency-based model for human resource development (HRD) proves to be a useful tool to help tourism enterprises to gain competitive advantages. The model is composed of three aspects: professional accomplishments,

Zhaoxi Zeng; Weifeng Wang; Qintao Wang; Meiyu Tang

2011-01-01

161

Professional competence enhancement via postgraduate post-experience learning and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the ways in which postgraduate study in vocational fields supports the development of advanced competences amongst mid-career professionals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The extensive written communications between health and safety professionals taking a postgraduate course in health and safety management and their tutor were investigated to determine the competence domains where learning

Geoffrey Chivers

2007-01-01

162

Competency-Based Faculty Development in Community-Engaged Scholarship: A Diffusion of Innovation Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors utilized interviews, competency surveys, and document review to evaluate the effectiveness of a one-year, cohort-based faculty development pilot program, grounded in diffusion of innovations theory, and aimed at increasing competencies in community engagement and community-engaged scholarship. Five innovator participants designed the…

Jordan, Catherine; Doherty, William J.; Jones-Webb, Rhonda; Cook, Nancy; Dubrow, Gail; Mendenhall, Tai J.

2012-01-01

163

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

164

Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide faculty with  

E-print Network

Information Literacy Grants Siena College's Information Literacy Faculty Development Grants provide to Information Literacy Competencies. Since 2002 (as of Fall 2011), fifty grants have been awarded. Projects have link) The following are just a selection: How Did We Get Here? Information Literacy in Understanding

165

Research in the Biotech Age: Can Informational Privacy Compete?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the privacy of personal medical information in the health research context. Arguing that biomedical research in Canada has been caught up in the government's broader neoliberal policy agenda that has positioned biotechnology as a strategic driver of economic growth, the author discusses the tension between informational

Peekhaus, Wilhelm

2008-01-01

166

Moral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long. PMID:22629153

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

167

History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

2004-04-01

168

Information Competence of Doctoral Students in Information Science in Spain and Latin America: A Self-Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was carried out with students of official doctoral programs of Information Science in four universities in Spain and Latin America with the purpose of finding out, through self-assessments, student perceptions of their own information competence. A survey was designed to determine self-perceptions of knowledge, skills and attitudes…

Pinto, Maria; Fernandez-Ramos, Andres; Sanchez, Gerardo; Meneses, Grizly

2013-01-01

169

Competencies of Leaders and Managers in Educational Research and Development. Independent Research and Development Project Reports. Report No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report clarifies pilot efforts which address new problem areas in educational needs. The project was initiated to determine the specific competencies essential to the management of educational projects in research and development. The goals of the project were to establish a profile of identified competencies for use in planning the content…

DeAnda, Natividad

170

Unravelling the genetic basis for competence development of auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A strains.  

PubMed

Bacterial natural genetic competence - well studied in Bacillus subtilis - enables cells to take up and integrate extracellularly supplied DNA into their own genome. However, little is known about competence development and its regulation in other members of the genus, although DNA uptake machineries are routinely encoded. Auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A derivatives, obtained from repeated rounds of random mutagenesis, were long known to develop natural competence. Inspection of the colony morphology and extracellular enzyme secretion of two of these derivatives, M28 and M18, suggested that regulator genes are collaterally hit. M28 emerged as a 14 bp deletion mutant concomitantly displaying a shift in the reading frame of degS that encodes the sensor histidine kinase, which is part of the molecular switch that directs cells to genetic competence, the synthesis of extracellular enzymes or biofilm formation, while for M18, sequencing of the suspected gene revealed a 375 bp deletion in abrB, encoding the major transition state regulator. With respect to colony morphology, enzyme secretion and competence development, both of the mutations, when newly generated on the wild-type B. licheniformis 9945A genetic background, resulted in phenotypes resembling M28 and M18, respectively. All of the known naturally competent B. licheniformis representatives, hitherto thoroughly investigated in this regard, carry mutations in regulator genes, and hence genetic competence observed in domesticated strains supposedly results from deregulation. PMID:25009236

Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Grabke, Anja; Neuber, Stefania; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

2014-10-01

171

An Evaluative Case Study on Professional Competency of Preservice Information Technology Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to evaluate preservice Information Technology (IT) teachers' professional competency in the teaching process. The study was designed on the basis of evaluative case study. The participants of the study consisted of seven preservice IT teachers attending the department of Computer Education and Instructional…

Kabakci Yurdakul, Isil

2011-01-01

172

Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development. PMID:22645434

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

173

Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

Cochran, Graham Ralph

2009-01-01

174

A Resource Guide; "National and Regional Developments in Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) and Competency Based Certification (CBC)."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide on competency based teacher education (CBTE) and competency based certification (CBC) states that the degree of explicitness required in CBTE programs and CBC programs and CBC systems is greater than in traditional programs. A CBTE program must specify (a) what the learner is to do, (b) the degree or level of competency

Pitman, John C.

175

Developing entry-to-practice nursing informatics competencies for registered nurses.  

PubMed

Information and communication technologies (ICT) have brought about significant changes to the processes of health care delivery and changed how nurses perform in clinical, administrative, academic, and research settings. Because the potential benefits of ICT are significant, it is critical that new nurses have the knowledge and skills in informatics to provide safe and effective care. Despite the prevalence of technology in our day to day lives, and the potential significant benefits to patients, new nurses may not be prepared to work in this evolving reality. An important step in addressing this need for ICT preparation is to ensure that new graduates are entering the work force ready for technology-enabled care environments. In this paper, we describe the process and outcomes of developing informatics entry-to-practice competencies for adoption by Canadian Schools of Nursing. PMID:24943567

Nagle, Lynn M; Crosby, Kristine; Frisch, Noreen; Borycki, Elizabeth; Donelle, Lorie; Hannah, Kathryn; Harris, Alexandra; Jetté, Sylvie; Shaben, Tracy

2014-01-01

176

Development and psychometric evaluation of the competency inventory for nursing students: a learning outcome perspective.  

PubMed

Deficiency in essential core competencies could jeopardize the safety of patients. Adopting the outcome-based approach, a set of minimally required core competencies for nursing students was developed to ensure the quality of nursing education. Determination of what point to measure competency is needed. Most importantly, competence indicators of nursing students can be used in curriculum development, planning, and learning outcome evaluation. The purpose of this study was to develop a competency inventory to measure learning outcomes of baccalaureate nursing students and to test its psychometric properties. Psychometric testing was conducted with a convenience sample of 599 nursing students in 2011. Principal axis factor analysis was performed on the 52-item scale to determine construct validity and Cronbach's alpha was used to measure the internal consistency. Principal axis factoring method identified six factors through the direct oblimin rotations including pattern matrix and structure matrix: ethical and responsibility, general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring and critical thinking reasoning. Exploratory factor analysis yielded an instrument with 43-items on six factors, accounting for 69.84% of the variance in scores. The Competency Inventory of Nursing Students (CINS) factors ranged from 0.91 to 0.98. This study shows that the Competency Inventory of Nursing Students has satisfactory psychometric properties and could be a useful instrument for measuring learning outcomes of nursing student. The competence indicators show merit for assessing learning outcomes for nursing students in nursing education. However, a cross-validation of the scale with another sample is also needed. PMID:22727581

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing

2013-05-01

177

DEVELOPMENT For more information  

E-print Network

FRASER MUSTARD INSTITUTE FOR HUMAN DEVELOPMENT For more information: Fraser Mustard Institute Canada 416-978-8325 humandevelopment@utoronto.ca To support the Fraser Mustard Institute for Human's big challenges." Dr. J. Fraser MusTarD Table oF ConTenTs A Great Leap Forward in Understanding Early

Toronto, University of

178

Community College Competency-Based Child Development Associate (CDA) Outreach Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though Columbus State Community College (CSCC) offers a full range of courses in child development, these courses are not always suitable for or accessible to persons who wish to obtain certification as Child Development Associates (CDA's). To meet these educational needs, CSCC developed the Competency-Based CDA Outreach Training Program. The…

Ross, Betty

179

Developing a competency-based educational structure within clinical and translational science.  

PubMed

In the emerging field of clinical and translational science (CTS), where researchers use both basic and clinical science research methodologies to move discoveries to clinical practice, establishing standards of competence is essential for preparing physician-scientists for the profession and for defining the field. The diversity of skills needed to execute quality research within the field of CTS has heightened the importance of an educational process that requires learners to demonstrate competence. Particularly within the more applied clinical science disciplines where there is a multi- or interdisciplinary approach to conducting research, defining and articulating the unique role and associated competencies of a physician-scientist is necessary. This paper describes a systematic process for developing a competency-based educational framework within a CTS graduate program at one institution. PMID:23601338

Dilmore, Terri Collin; Moore, Debra W; Bjork, Zuleikha

2013-04-01

180

The Concept of Competence in the Development of Vocational Education and Training in Selected EU Member States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution reviews how four European countries--England, Germany, France and the Netherlands--use the concept of competence in the process of developing vocational education and training. Competence in England is set in the context of the National Vocational Qualifications; in Germany within action competence and the approach to learning…

Weigel, Tanja; Mulder, Martin; Collins, Kate

2007-01-01

181

Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

Renshaw, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

182

Development of an international interdisciplinary course: a strategy to promote cultural competence and collaboration.  

PubMed

Now, more than ever, nurses are practicing in settings in which cultural competence and teamwork are essential to providing quality care. The expectation that nurses provide effective care across varied population groups highlights the need for attainment of cultural competency by baccalaureate nursing graduates. Nursing programs must develop strategies to address this educational need. In this article, the authors share their experiences in the development of an international interdisciplinary course that combined academic service learning with cultural immersion to promote the development of cultural competence and collaboration among students. By developing an interdisciplinary course that is of interest to a wide range of students, faculty can be successful in providing an opportunity for students with varied career paths to be better prepared to live and work in the world's global community. PMID:22964472

Smit, Eileen M; Tremethick, Mary Jane

2013-03-01

183

Musculoskeletal health disparities: health literacy, cultural competency, informed consent, and shared decision making.  

PubMed

The factors that contribute to musculoskeletal healthcare disparities may influence the results of studies regarding the long-term outcome of orthopaedic implants. Patient decisions regarding their healthcare and their subsequent outcomes are influenced by health literacy. Providing patients with the information that they need to consent to treatment must be provided in a culturally competent manner. The influence of the physician or healthcare provider on the treatment choice varies depending on the type of decision-making process: patient-based, physician-based, or shared decision making. Respecting the patient's autonomy while acknowledging the knowledge and experience of the physician, we advocate for shared decision making. This may require modification of existing regulations regarding informed consent. Furthermore, federal and state directives have been put into place to address healthcare disparities, especially with respect to culturally competent care and access to proper healthcare. PMID:25272218

McClellan, Frank M; Wood, James E; Fahmy, Sherin M; Jones, Lynne C

2014-01-01

184

Requisite Competencies and Skills for E-Merchandisers: Developing an Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New career opportunities exist for family and consumer sciences (FCS)professionals as traditional formats for shopping service, and information transition to a virtual environment. The requisite competencies and skills necessary for effective online operations are identified. Interactions with industry personnel and supporting literature revealed…

Crutsinger, Christy; Forney, Judith C.; Brandon, Lynn; Jackson, Renee S.

2006-01-01

185

Competencies Development and Self-Assessment in Maintenance Management E-Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The maintenance management function requires staff to possess a truly multidisciplinary set of skills. This includes competencies from engineering and information technology to health and safety, management and finance, while also taking into account the normative and legislative issues. This body of knowledge is rarely readily available within a…

Papathanassiou, Nikos; Pistofidis, Petros; Emmanouilidis, Christos

2013-01-01

186

Information Literacy and its Relationship to Cognitive Development and Reflective Judgment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article maps the Association of College and Research Libraries' Information Competency Standards for Higher Education to the cognitive development levels developed by William G. Perry and Patricia King and Karen Kitchener to suggest which competencies are appropriate for which level of cognitive development. (Contains 1 table.)

Jackson, Rebecca

2008-01-01

187

Clinical Teaching Competence Inventory for Nursing Preceptors: Instrument Development and Testing.  

PubMed

Abstract The aim of the study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument which measures clinical teaching competencies of nursing preceptors. It is necessary to investigate what kinds of teaching competencies are required in modern, more student-centered higher education teaching contexts. Nurses need to possess teaching competence to perform the role of preceptor properly. However, empirical studies exploring teaching competence are rare. Psychometric testing was conducted on a sample of 389 clinical nursing preceptors from three hospitals in 2010. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability testing were conducted on the 53-item Clinical Teaching Competencies Scale. Results indicated that principal axis factoring extraction identified four factors through a promax rotation: student evaluation, goal setting and individual teaching, teaching strategies, and demonstration of organized knowledge. The Cronbach's ? values for the four factors ranged from .82 to .87. The Clinical Teaching Competence Inventory was found to have adequate construct validity and internal consistency of reliability for clinical nursing preceptors to assess clinical teaching behaviors in practice settings. PMID:23909460

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Chiu, Hsiu-Win; Chen, Ya-Lin

2013-08-01

188

Clinical teaching competence inventory for nursing preceptors: instrument development and testing.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument which measures clinical teaching competencies of nursing preceptors. It is necessary to investigate what kinds of teaching competencies are required in modern, more student-centered higher education teaching contexts. Nurses need to possess teaching competence to perform the role of preceptor properly. However, empirical studies exploring teaching competence are rare. Psychometric testing was conducted on a sample of 389 clinical nursing preceptors from three hospitals in 2010. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability testing were conducted on the 53-item Clinical Teaching Competencies Scale. Results indicated that principal axis factoring extraction identified four factors through a promax rotation: Student evaluation, goal setting and individual teaching, teaching strategies, and demonstration of organized knowledge. The Cronbach's ? values for the four factors ranged from 0.82-0.87. The Clinical Teaching Competence Inventory was found to have adequate construct validity and internal consistency of reliability for clinical nursing preceptors to assess clinical teaching behaviors in practice settings. PMID:24787255

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Chiu, Hsiu-Win; Chen, Ya-Lin

2014-02-01

189

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

190

Attributions and the Development of Self-Regulatory Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of self-regulation--the process whereby students activate and sustain behaviors and cognitive paths which are systematically oriented toward attainment of learning goals--is increasing in importance among educators. Self-regulation includes activities such as attending to instruction; organizing, coding, and rehearsing information;…

Schunk, Dale H.

191

The development of a family intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS) for psychosis.  

PubMed

Family intervention (FI) for psychosis has a robust evidence base. In recommending its use the revised NICE schizophrenia guideline states 'Healthcare professionals providing psychological interventions should have an appropriate level of competence'. Yet, no definitive instrument exists to outline what competences are required during and post FI training or help recruit staff with the appropriate knowledge and skill. This paper reports on the development of a Family Intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS). Using a systematic three-staged approach commonly used in health outcomes measurement development, a comprehensive literature review on UK-based FI training and commonly used assessment tools was undertaken. A FICARS draft was then constructed and revised in consultation with expert FI clinicians. Finally, a content validity study with FI trainers and students across three FI training programmes was undertaken to optimize FICARS aim to promote reflective assessment and professional development in FI skills and practice. PMID:23163778

Gamble, C; Sin, J; Kelly, M; O'Loughlin, D; Moone, N

2013-10-01

192

Thank you for joining: Developing Your Networking Competency  

E-print Network

Partners, Inc. Focus Strategic Partners, Inc. helps clients: Manage organizational change Develop on Style Appreciating how personality (introversion, extroversion, communication styles, shyness) & mindset

Vertes, Akos

193

Design of the Accounting Course Focusing on the Development of Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to develop a proposal for a methodology in the university environment that enables us to design our course with an approach based on the development and acquisition of competences within the framework of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), allowing a transition from a model focused on teaching to a model focused on…

Ciudad-Gomez, Adelaida

2011-01-01

194

Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

2008-01-01

195

Perceived development needs of managers compared to an integrated management competency model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research sets out to achieve three goals: first, to discover the most important management development areas specified by Finnish managers; second, to discover the intentions of Finnish managers in management development on a personal level and with the support of organizations; and third, to compare the above mentioned aspects and to compare those also with competency models

Riitta Viitala

2005-01-01

196

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

197

An Ecological Model of Developing Researcher Competence: The Case of Software Technology in Doctoral Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an ecological model of developing researcher competence, with a particular focus on doctoral students' use of research software. The model extends on theoretical work done by Young et al. ("Instructional Science 30"(1): 47-63, 2002), modelling the intentional dynamics of technological learning contexts. The development of the…

Stelma, Juup

2011-01-01

198

Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

2011-01-01

199

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

200

Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

2012-01-01

201

A Globetrotting Pilgrimage: An Exploration of Spiritual Growth and the Development of Intercultural Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between spiritual growth and the development of intercultural competence through the experiences of followers of Christ working in least developed countries. To address this purpose, a qualitative study using narrative inquiry and in-depth semi structured interviews were employed to…

Eifert, Angela Lynn

2012-01-01

202

Developing a Competency-Based Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The CompHP Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion was developed as part of the CompHP Project that aimed to develop competency-based standards and an accreditation system for health promotion practice, education, and training in Europe. Method: A phased, multiple-method approach was employed to facilitate consensus…

Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Van der Zanden, Gerard; Schipperen, Marielle; Contu, Paolo; Gallardo, Carmen; Martinez, Ana; Garcia de Sola, Silvia; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Zaagsma, Miriam; Barry, Margaret M.

2012-01-01

203

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

204

The Development of the Competency Oriented Personalized Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following more than 2 years of study and research, the faculty of the College of Education developed a plan whereby the student experience is focused on three major elements: a) the Individualized Learning System, b) the Field Experience, and c) the Personal Development Experience. These three elements are integrated to constitute a total learning…

Wisconsin Univ., Superior. Coll. of Education.

205

Social competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.  

PubMed

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the "Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject" in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

206

Social Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the “Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject” in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

207

The Child Development Associate: Competence, Training and Professionalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the history, training, philosophy, and professionalism of the Child Development Associate (CDA) credential. Although CDA recipients are adequately prepared as early childhood educators, they have difficulty gaining access to the profession of early childhood education. (DE)

Benson, Margaret S.; Peters, Donald L.

1988-01-01

208

Social-emotional learning skill, self-regulation, and social competence in typically developing and clinic-referred children.  

PubMed

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically developing children ages 4 to 14 years. Study 2 included 126 clinic-referred children ages 5 to 17 years. Findings from both studies supported the conclusion that SEL skill includes three broad factors: awareness of nonverbal cues; the ability to interpret social meaning through theory of mind, empathy, and pragmatic language; and the ability to reason about social problems. Furthermore, the better children perform on measures of SEL skill and the more their parents and teachers report that children can regulate their behavior, the more competent their social interactions. PMID:20183669

McKown, Clark; Gumbiner, Laura M; Russo, Nicole M; Lipton, Meryl

2009-11-01

209

[Pedagogical strategies for developing ethical and political competence in nursing education].  

PubMed

This study presents a theoretical reflection that aims at identifying teaching strategies for the development of ethical-political dimension of professional competence from the perspective of critical reflection. Professional competence has two dimensions - technical and political, mediated by ethics. Critical reflection renew search ways of thinking and doing in health, with the ultimate goal of intervention in social reality, to improve the living conditions and health of communities. Highlights some educational tools such as portfolio, the field journal and written narratives, which allow producing a clear and objective account of the experience and assigning meaning and significance of what was accomplished. Based on a critical reflection, such instruments helped develop ethical-political dimension of professional competence. PMID:23743851

Burgatti, Juliane Cristina; Leonello, Valéria Marli; Bracialli, Luzmarina Aparecida Doretto; Oliveira, Maria Amélia de Campos

2013-01-01

210

GDF11 controls the timing of progenitor cell competence in developing retina.  

PubMed

The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation of progenitors-a major mode of GDF11 action in other tissues-but instead controls duration of expression of Math5, a gene that confers competence for RGC genesis, in progenitor cells. Thus, GDF11 governs the temporal windows during which multipotent progenitors retain competence to produce distinct neural progeny. PMID:15976303

Kim, Joon; Wu, Hsiao-Huei; Lander, Arthur D; Lyons, Karen M; Matzuk, Martin M; Calof, Anne L

2005-06-24

211

The development and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for training in global health research.  

PubMed

The Fogarty International Center (FIC) Global Health Fellows Program provides trainees with the opportunity to develop research skills through a mentored research experience, increase their content expertise, and better understand trends in global health research, funding organizations, and pathways to generate support. The Northern Pacific Global Health Fellows Research and Training Consortium, which hosts one of the FIC Global Health Programs, sought to enhance research training by developing, implementing, and evaluating a competency-based curriculum that uses a modular, asynchronous, web-based format. The curriculum has 8 core competencies, 36 learning objectives, and 58 assignments. Nineteen trainees completed their 11-month fellowship, engaged in the curriculum, and provided pre- and post-fellowship self-assessments. Self-assessed scores significantly improved for all competencies. Trainees identified the curriculum as one of the strengths of the program. This competency-based curriculum represents a first step toward creating a framework of global health research competencies on which further efforts could be based. PMID:25371189

Ton, Thanh G N; Gladding, Sophia P; Zunt, Joseph R; John, Chandy; Nerurkar, Vivek R; Moyer, Cheryl A; Hobbs, Nicole; McCoy, Molly; Kolars, Joseph C

2015-01-01

212

Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Park, M.S.

1998-12-01

213

Developing Competency To Manage Diversity: Readings, Cases, and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All members of organizations take part in creating a climate in which all people are treated fairly and can achieve and contribute to their full potential, and where diversity, as an organizational resource, can be fully leveraged to enhance organizational performance. This book was designed to assist individuals and work teams in developing

Cox, Taylor, Jr.; Beale, Ruby L.

214

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

215

Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

2005-01-01

216

Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

Eddy, Pamela L.

2013-01-01

217

Developing Culturally Competent Faculty: A Cognitive, Affective, and Spiritual Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past decade has evidenced significant dialogue on faith-based campuses about the persistent gap between the increasing ethnic diversity of the student population and that of the faculty. While campus administrators and leaders acknowledge the need to address this concern through faculty development, there is a disturbing lack of successful…

Taylor, Deborah L.; Van Zandt, Cassandra; Menjares, Pete C.

2013-01-01

218

Developing Competencies in Science and Maths in Bulgaria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most countries are either reforming their education systems, or thinking about doing so. The EU, through its "Transversal" programme, funds hundreds of study visits every year to enable education professionals to learn at first hand about developments in its member states. The author joined a group from France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain and…

Walsh, Ed

2012-01-01

219

Development of professional competence via self-instructional units.  

PubMed

In recent years, self-instructional teaching methods have come under criticism from educators, much of it warranted. But when self-instructional materials are written by experienced educators who teach the topic and are developed within a versatile process using a proven format, they are extremely valuable teaching aids. We discuss here the results of a grant project funded by W. K. Kellogg Foundation and describe the process used at Kettering Medical Center's School of Medical Technology to develop and produce over 100 self-instructional units. We also discuss potential uses of self-instructional units in professional continuing education programs and suggest ways self-instructional units might be used to promote interdisciplinary health care and expansion of professional knowledge banks. This project confirmed that professions can create their own educational materials through the independent efforts of their members. PMID:6735896

Fiene, M A; Fannon, M; Drewry, S; Spahn, M A

1984-05-01

220

Interdisciplinary Master of Science in Information and Communication Technology for Development (MS-ICTD)  

E-print Network

1 Interdisciplinary Master of Science in Information and Communication Technology for Development and communication infrastructure and competing community development objectives combine to limit the effectiveness innovative interdisciplinary research, educational, creative, and outreach programs that benefit and enrich

Stowell, Michael

221

Developing ambulatory care registered nurse competencies for care coordination and transition management.  

PubMed

The need for care coordination and management of transitions between Patient-Centered Medical Home providers, outpatient and community settings, including the Accountable Care Organization is often overlooked, episodic, and accountability for coordinating care and managing transitions between providers and services is lacking. Recognizing the potential of the RN to contribute to enhanced quality, cost effectiveness, and access to care in ambulatory settings, the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing (AAACN) created a care coordination competencies action plan with three phases to delineate RN competencies and develop an education program for care coordination and transition management in ambulatory care. The first Expert Panel completed a comprehensive, interdisciplinary literature review and analysis focused on care coordination and transition management. The second Expert Panel--representing nu rsing, medicine, and pharmacy--defined the dimensions, identified core competencies, and described the activities linked with each competency for care coordination and transition management in ambulatory settings. The third Expert Panel reviewed, confirmed, and created a table of dimensions, activities, and competencies (including knowledge, skills, attitudes) for ambulatory care RN care coordination and transition management. PMID:23505750

Haas, Sheila; Swan, Beth Ann; Haynes, Traci

2013-01-01

222

Teaching Faculty about Substance Abuse: Evaluating Clinical Competence and Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the evaluation of a faculty development program implemented to address the deficit in physicians' clinical and teaching competence regarding substance abuse. Participants in the university hospital program included faculty fellows from five departments. Annual, random chart audits assessed changes in rates of substance use documentation by residents supervised and not supervised by the fellows. Paired t tests

Antonnette V. Graham; Mary Altpeter; Stephanie Emmitt-Myers; Theodore V. Parran Jr; Stephen Zyzanski

1996-01-01

223

Competency-Based Curriculum Development in Medical Education. An Introduction. Public Health Papers No. 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for members of the World Health Organization, this guide on competency-based curriculum development in medical education may be applied to programs for other health professions and occupations. An explanation of subject-centered curricula and integrated curricula is offered, and ways in which these models differ from…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

224

Barriers and Effective Educational Strategies to Develop Extension Agents' Professional Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here determined the barriers and effective educational strategies to develop Extension agents' professional competencies. This was a descriptive survey research conducted with a random sample of Extension agents. Increased workload and lack of time and funding were identified as the most constraining barriers of Extension…

Lakai, Dona; Jayaratne, K. S. U.; Moore, Gary E.; Kistler, Mark J.

2012-01-01

225

Phonological Awareness, Peer Nominations, and Social Competence among Preschool Children at Risk for Developing Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the relationship between phonological awareness skills and social-emotional competence among 98 Israeli preschool children, 39 at risk for developing learning disabilities. Children at risk had lower phonological awareness measures, viewed themselves as more lonely, felt less confident, and were less accepted by peers. (Contains…

Most, Tova; Al-Yagon, Michal; Tur-Kaspa, Hana; Margalit, Malka

2000-01-01

226

Principal's Desirability for Professional Development in Competencies Related to Leading Special Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of public school principals within the Commonwealth of Virginia as to their desirability for professional development in leading special education programs within their schools. Given a list of 18 competencies related to leading special education principals rated their desirability for…

Pontius, Nicholas Frantz

2010-01-01

227

Say What?! L2 Sociopragmatic Competence in CMC: Skill Transfer and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More so than any other type of learner error, pragmatic mistakes interfere with the ability to communicate (Bardovi-Harlig & Dörnyei, 1998), yet there is relatively little understanding of how pragmatic competence develops in the language classroom or how best to teach it, and whether relevant skills may transfer from the L1 (Eisenchlas, 2011;…

Abrams, Zsuzsanna

2013-01-01

228

Supporting the Development of Emotional Intelligence Competencies to Ease the Transition from Primary to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore (1) whether pupils with high emotional intelligence (EI) cope better with the transition to high school; and (2) whether the introduction of an intervention programme to support the development of EI competencies can increase EI and self-worth, and so ease the negative effects of transition. Results suggest that pupils…

Qualter, P.; Whiteley, H. E.; Hutchinson, J. M.; Pope, D. J.

2007-01-01

229

Developing Learners' Second Language Communicative Competence through Active Learning: Clickers or Communicative Approach?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of clickers, the communicative approach and the lecture method on the communicative competence development of learners who were taught English a second language (ESL). Ninety nine pupils from three primary schools participated in the study. Quasi-experimental non-randomised pre-test posttest…

Agbatogun, Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe

2014-01-01

230

Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

2013-01-01

231

Kentucky's Early Childhood Professional Development Initiative to Promote Social-Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Kentucky Initiative for Social Skill and Emotional Development which provides annual training and technical assistance to build early childhood programs' capacity to deliver practices known to promote social and emotional competency. The initiative is based on the 3-tiered Positive Behavior Support model that teaches…

McLaren, Elizabeth M.; Hall, Phyllis J.; Fox, Pamela

2009-01-01

232

Perceived Personal and Social Competence: Development of Valid and Reliable Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, youth programming has shifted from risk reduction to youth development. While numerous instruments exist to measure selected individual characteristics/competencies among youth, a comprehensive instrument to measure four constructs of personal and social skills could not be identified. The purpose of this study was to…

Fetro, Joyce V.; Rhodes, Darson L.; Hey, David W.

2010-01-01

233

Developer, Teacher, Student and Employer Evaluations of Competence-Based Assessment Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how different stakeholders experience the quality of a nationally developed assessment framework for summative, competence-based assessment (CBA) in AVET, which aims to reflect theoretical characteristics of high quality CBAs. The quality of two summative CBAs, based on this national framework, is evaluated along an extensive,…

Gulikers, J.; Biemans, H.; Mulder, M.

2009-01-01

234

Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

Ramson, Amy J.

2014-01-01

235

Competing Roles of Interfacial Tension and Surfactant Equivalent Weight in the Development of a Chemical Flood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation focused on developing an efficient chemical flooding process by use of dilute surfactant\\/polymer slugs. The competing roles of interfacial tension (IFT) and equivalent weight (EW) of the surfactant used, as well as the effect of different types of preflushes on tertiary oil recovery, were studied. Volume of residual oil recovered per gram of surfactant used was examined as

S. L. Enedy; C. D. Stahl

1982-01-01

236

Identification and Development of Competency-Based Curriculum for Water and Wastewater Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken at Kirkwood Community College to develop a full-time and part-time competency based program to educate water and wastewater treatment plant operators. First, a survey was conducted to identify the job tasks performed by the operators, their frequency, importance, and necessity. A questionnaire listing 651 tasks divided…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

237

A Comprehensive Competence-Based Approach in Curriculum Development: Experiences from African and European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned. Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the limits…

Parent, F.; Baulana, R.; Kahombo, G.; Coppieters, Y.; Garant, M.; De Ketele, J.-M.

2011-01-01

238

The Development of Thai Learners' Key Competencies by Project-Based Learning Using ICT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to study the use of Project-based Learning using ICT (PBL using ICT) to develop learners' five key competencies based on Thai Basic Education Curriculum 2008, which consists of 1) communication capability 2) thinking capability 3) problem solving capability 4) capability in applying life skills and 5) capability in…

Soparat, Sasithorn; Arnold, Savitree Rochanasmita; Klaysom, Saowadee

2015-01-01

239

Development of a Core Competency Model for the Master of Public Health Degree  

PubMed Central

Core competencies have been used to redefine curricula across the major health professions in recent decades. In 2006, the Association of Schools of Public Health identified core competencies for the master of public health degree in graduate schools and programs of public health. We provide an overview of the model development process and a listing of 12 core domains and 119 competencies that can serve as a resource for faculty and students for enhancing the quality and accountability of graduate public health education and training. The primary vision for the initiative is the graduation of professionals who are more fully prepared for the many challenges and opportunities in public health in the forthcoming decade. PMID:18633093

Calhoun, Judith G.; Ramiah, Kalpana; Weist, Elizabeth McGean; Shortell, Stephen M.

2008-01-01

240

The Development and Validation of the Information Literacy Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Information Literacy Test (ILT) was developed to meet the need for a standardized instrument that measures student proficiency regarding the ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Edu- cation. The Web-based, multiple-choice ILT measures both lower- and higher-order skills. Evidence is presented that the ILT scores provide reliable and valid measures of information literacy. In addition, a rigorous standard

Lynn Cameron; Steven L. Wise

241

The development and validation of the core competencies scale (CCS) for the college and university students.  

PubMed

This article describes the development and validation of the Core Competencies Scale (CCS) using Bok's (2006) competency framework for undergraduate education. The framework included: communication, critical thinking, character development, citizenship, diversity, global understanding, widening of interest, and career and vocational development. The sample comprised 70 college and university students. Results of analysis using Rasch rating scale modelling showed that there was strong empirical evidence on the validity of the measures in contents, structure, interpretation, generalizability, and response options of the CCS scale. The implication of having developed Rasch-based valid and dependable measures in this study for gauging the value added of college and university education to their students is that the feedback generated from CCS will enable evidence-based decision and policy making to be implemented and strategized. Further, program effectiveness can be measured and thus accountability on the achievement of the program objectives. PMID:23234826

Ruan, Bin; Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching; Edginton, Christopher R; Chin, Ming Kai

2012-01-01

242

`Learning Experience' Provided by Science Teaching Practice in a Classroom and the Development of Students' Competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the literature, there is a very important corpus of knowledge that allows for the investigation of some dimensions of `learning experience' provided to students, in relation to epistemic, pedagogical and meta-cognitive practices. However, in the literature, there is little investigation into the invariance (or not) of the characteristics of students' learning experience while being taught a scientific subject by the same teacher. This paper suggests that the relationship between the learning experience provided and the competences developed is not properly highlighted. This paper analyses the learning experience provided to students in epistemic, pedagogical and meta-cognitive terms. The students were taught the proprieties and applications of light by one teacher, in three classes, over 7 weeks. We analysed the data in each referred learning experience, using a pre-defined category system. The students' competences were evaluated by a competence test. The epistemic demand of each item and the students' performances were also analysed. Our findings point to the non invariance of learning experiences provided to students and the influence of some dimensions of learning experiences provided in the development of certain competences. These findings and their implications are contextualized and discussed.

Lopes, J. Bernardino; Branco, Julia; Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria Pilar

2011-11-01

243

EU-Level Competence Development Projects in Agri-Food-Environment: The Involvement of Sectoral Social Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The European Commission and social partner organisations at EU level encourage the lifelong development of qualifications and competence. This is reflected in many policy reports and reviews. This paper seeks to show the involvement of social partner organisations at the level of EU-funded competence development projects.…

Mulder, Martin

2006-01-01

244

Competence exploration and exploitation in new product development : The moderating effects of environmental dynamism and competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to extend research on exploration and exploitation by investigating the effects of competence exploration and exploitation on new product development outcomes in China. Premised from the perspective of environment-performance relationship and the fit-as-moderation view, the authors argue that exploration and exploitation have curvilinear effects on new product development performance due to external environmental factors. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

Tsau-Tang Yang; Ci-Rong Li

2011-01-01

245

SOS Response Activation and Competence Development Are Antagonistic Mechanisms in Streptococcus thermophilus  

PubMed Central

Streptococcus includes species that either contain or lack the LexA-like repressor (HdiR) of the classical SOS response. In Streptococcus pneumoniae, a species which belongs to the latter group, SOS response inducers (e.g., mitomycin C [Mc] and fluoroquinolones) were shown to induce natural transformation, leading to the hypothesis that DNA damage-induced competence could contribute to genomic plasticity and stress resistance. Using reporter strains and microarray experiments, we investigated the impact of the SOS response inducers mitomycin C and norfloxacin and the role of HdiR on competence development in Streptococcus thermophilus. We show that both the addition of SOS response inducers and HdiR inactivation have a dual effect, i.e., induction of the expression of SOS genes and reduction of transformability. Reduction of transformability results from two different mechanisms, since HdiR inactivation has no major effect on the expression of competence (com) genes, while mitomycin C downregulates the expression of early and late com genes in a dose-dependent manner. The downregulation of com genes by mitomycin C was shown to take place at the level of the activation of the ComRS signaling system by an unknown mechanism. Conversely, we show that a ComX-deficient strain is more resistant to mitomycin C and norfloxacin in a viability plate assay, which indicates that competence development negatively affects the resistance of S. thermophilus to DNA-damaging agents. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that SOS response activation and competence development are antagonistic processes in S. thermophilus. PMID:23204467

Boutry, Céline; Delplace, Brigitte; Clippe, André; Fontaine, Laetitia

2013-01-01

246

Use of Competency-Based Self-Assessments and the MCH Navigator for MCH Workforce Development: Three States' Experiences.  

PubMed

Workforce development is a priority across many state Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Title V programs. Three case studies were conducted to explore varied state implementations of MCH workforce development initiatives. Three states utilized the online MCH Navigator resource to support orientation and ongoing professional development for staff and other partners. Key informant interviews and surveys were utilized to gather staff feedback on practical aspects of the project and to ascertain lessons learned by state MCH leadership during project implementation. Staff impressions of the MCH Navigator were generally positive. Staff reported that Navigator modules were useful to their current work and that completion of the modules resulted in expanded knowledge in key MCH competency areas and contributed to their professional development. Many indicated that they would recommend use of the Navigator to colleagues. State leaders found that utilization of introductory training sessions or the Navigator's online orientation modules were helpful in acclimating staff to the Navigator, although some staff still experienced minor technical challenges. State leaders across all three sites reported the value of pre-existing tools on the Navigator site, including core competency self-assessments and orientation bundles; the leaders also noted that the Navigator represents a useful and thorough resource that can be integrated into state efforts to enhance professional development for MCH staff. The significant variation between the three states' implementations demonstrates the flexibility of the Navigator, highlighting its utility to meet state-specific needs. PMID:25008405

Warren, Michael D; Dooley, Suzanna D; Pyle, Meredith J; Miller, Angela M

2015-02-01

247

Predicting Organization Development Consulting Competence from the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and Stage of Ego Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 77-item Consulting Competence Survey was developed and tested for reliability and validity. During a six-month course designed to help members of a corporate quality staff develop organization development (OD) skills, 64 trainees were each assessed by two of their peers using this instrument. The trainees were also assessed by two trainers using a five-item trainer rating instrument. Two dependent

Gervase R. Bushe; Barrie W. Gibbs

1990-01-01

248

Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. PMID:23134815

2012-01-01

249

Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India  

PubMed Central

Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

2014-01-01

250

Cultural competency, autonomy, and spiritual conflicts related to Reiki/CAM therapies: Should patients be informed?  

PubMed

The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) such as Reiki is on the rise in healthcare centers. Reiki is associated with a spirituality that conflicts with some belief systems. Catholic healthcare facilities are restricted from offering this therapy because it conflicts with the teachings of the Catholic Church. However, hospitals are offering it without disclosing the spiritual aspects of it to patients. This article will address the ethical concerns and possible legal implications associated with the present process of offering Reiki. It will address these concerns based on the Joint Commission's Standard of Cultural Competency and the ethical principles of autonomy and informed consent. A proposal will also be introduced identifying specific information which Reiki/CAM practitioners should offer to their patients out of respect of their autonomy as well as their cultural, spiritual, and religious beliefs. PMID:24899738

Arvonio, Maria Marra

2014-02-01

251

Loss of ectodermal competence for lateral line placode formation in the direct developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui.  

PubMed

In the direct-developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui neuromasts and ganglia of the lateral line system never develop. We show here that this absence of the lateral line system, which is evolutionarily derived in anurans, is due to very early changes in development. Ectodermal thickenings, which are typical of lateral line placodes, and from which neuromasts and ganglion cells of the lateral line originate, never form in E. coqui, although other neurogenic placodes are present. Moreover, although NeuroD is expressed in the lateral line placodes of Xenopus laevis, corresponding expression sites are lacking in E. coqui. Heterospecific transplantation experiments show that axolotl ectoderm can be induced to form lateral line placodes after transplantation to E. coqui hosts but that E. coqui ectoderm does not form lateral line placodes on axolotl hosts. This suggests that the loss of the lateral line system in E. coqui is due to the specific loss of ectodermal competence to form lateral line placodes in response to inductive signals. Our results (1) indicate that the competence for lateral line placode formation is distinct and dissociable from the competence to form other neurogenic placodes and (2) support the idea that the lateral line system acts as a module in development and evolution. PMID:10479453

Schlosser, G; Kintner, C; Northcutt, R G

1999-09-15

252

The Information Age and Information Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes eight articles that discuss the information age, the impact of information technology, and the role of libraries. Highlights include libraries in Brazil, Indonesia, and Nigeria; the Universal Availability of Publications (UAP) program; community literacy; database development in Malawi; and the Regional Energy Resources…

Hughes, Graeme C.; And Others

1991-01-01

253

Information system security curricula development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we survey current literature concerning Information Systems Security Training and Education. This paper also describes current Information System Security Training and Education dynamics. Finally, this paper presents a graduate level information system security specialization that was developed using this information.

Ed Crowley

2003-01-01

254

‘In the name of capability’: A critical discursive evaluation of competency-based management development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article illustrates a number of ways in which competency or capability-based management development (CBMD) can work simultaneously both for and against the interests of organizational agents. It does so by demonstrating how CBMD might usefully be understood as both ideological and quasi-religiously faith-based. These features are shown to provide opportunities for resistance and micro-emancipation alongside those for repression and

Tim Finch-Lees; Chris Mabey; Andreas Liefooghe

2005-01-01

255

Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and

A. V. Mashinistova; A. A. Elchin; N. V. Gorbunova; V. S. Muratov; K. A. Kydralieva; B. M. Khudaibergenova; V. P. Shabaev; Sh. J. Jorobekova

2009-01-01

256

Assessment and Development of Competency of Clinical Engineering Practitioners - South East Asian Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Clinical Engineering was relatively unknown and remained an obscure engineering discipline in South East Asian countries until\\u000a the 1990s. Typically for most healthcare institutions, the management of medical equipment within the hospital environment\\u000a mainly focused on reactive breakdown maintenance management. Hospitals were unable to develop in-house clinical engineering\\u000a capabilities, since there was a severe shortage of skilled and competent technical

Ashok V. Shah; Azman Hamid

257

Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging academic field focused on sustainability has been engaged in a rich and converging debate to define what key\\u000a competencies are considered critical for graduating students to possess. For more than a decade, sustainability courses have\\u000a been developed and taught in higher education, yet comprehensive academic programs in sustainability, on the undergraduate\\u000a and graduate level, have emerged only over

Arnim WiekLauren Withycombe; Lauren Withycombe; Charles L. Redman

2011-01-01

258

Developing Clinical Competencies to Assess Learning Needs and Outcomes: The Experience of the CS2day Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An outcomes-based education (OBE) approach was desired for the CS2day initiative, and the size and scope of the initiative compelled a consistent and cohesive framework in order to apply such an approach. A series of competency statements were developed to provide that framework. The competency statements were based on current clinical guidelines,…

McKeithen, Tom; Robertson, Sheila; Speight, Mike

2011-01-01

259

Supporting Early Childhood Teachers to Promote Children's Social Competence: Components for Best Professional Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing recognition that young children's social competence is critical because it is positively associated with their school readiness and academic success. However, professional development (PD) opportunities for early childhood teachers to enhance their roles in promoting young children's social competence are limited. In…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2014-01-01

260

Competent Psychopharmacology  

PubMed Central

There is little doubt that undergraduate and post-graduate training of physicians, pharmacists, and nurses is insufficient to prepare them to use psychotropics safely and effectively, especially in the context of their expanded off-label uses. Therefore, the development of competencies in psychotropic prescribing needs to be approached as a long-term, practice-based learning commitment. Proposed are the abilities and knowledge components necessary for safe and effective use of psychotropics. Typical challenges in prescribing for chronic and recurrent illnesses include highly variable responses and tolerability, drug interactions, and adverse effects that can be serious, irreversible, and even fatal. Prescribing psychotropics is further complicated by negative public and professional reports and growing patient concerns about the quality of care, and questions about the efficacy, safety, and addictive risks of psychotropics. Increased efforts are needed to enhance clinical training and knowledge in psychopharmacology among trainees and practising clinicians, with more comprehensive and sustained attention to the assessment of individual patients, and greater reliance on patient education and collaboration. Improved competence in psychotropic prescribing should lead to more informed, thoughtful, and better-targeted applications as one component of more comprehensive clinical care. PMID:25161064

Gardner, David M

2014-01-01

261

Development and validation of the ACE tool: assessing medical trainees’ competency in evidence based medicine  

PubMed Central

Background While a variety of instruments have been developed to assess knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine (EBM), few assess all aspects of EBM - including knowledge, skills attitudes and behaviour - or have been psychometrically evaluated. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument that evaluates medical trainees’ competency in EBM across knowledge, skills and attitude. Methods The ‘Assessing Competency in EBM’ (ACE) tool was developed by the authors, with content and face validity assessed by expert opinion. A cross-sectional sample of 342 medical trainees representing ‘novice’, ‘intermediate’ and ‘advanced’ EBM trainees were recruited to complete the ACE tool. Construct validity, item difficulty, internal reliability and item discrimination were analysed. Results We recruited 98 EBM-novice, 108 EBM-intermediate and 136 EBM-advanced participants. A statistically significant difference in the total ACE score was observed and corresponded to the level of training: on a 0-15-point test, the mean ACE scores were 8.6 for EBM-novice; 9.5 for EBM-intermediate; and 10.4 for EBM-advanced (p?competency in EBM. The ACE tool provides a novel assessment that measures user performance across the four main steps of EBM. To provide a complete suite of instruments to assess EBM competency across various patient scenarios, future refinement of the ACE instrument should include further scenarios across harm, diagnosis and prognosis. PMID:24909434

2014-01-01

262

Improving caregiving competence, stress coping, and mental well-being in informal dementia carers  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study the effectiveness of Reitman Centre “Coaching, Advocacy, Respite, Education, Relationship, and Simulation” (CARERS) program, which uses problem-solving techniques and simulation to train informal dementia carers. METHODS: Seventy-three carers for family members with dementia were included in the pilot study. Pre- and post-intervention data were collected from carers using validated measures of depression, mastery, role captivity and overload, caregiving competence and burden, and coping styles. To assess program effectiveness, mean differences for these measures were calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to determine if change in scores is dependent on the respective baseline scores. Clinical effects for measures were expressed as Cohen’s D values. RESULTS: Data from 73 carers were analyzed. The majority of these participants were female (79.5%). A total of 69.9% were spouses and 30.1% were children of the care recipient. Participants had an overall mean age of 68.34 ± 12.01 years. About 31.5% of participating carers had a past history of psychiatric illness (e.g., depression), and 34.2% sustained strained relationships with their respective care recipients. Results from carers demonstrated improvement in carers’ self-perception of competence (1.26 ± 1.92, P < 0.0001), and significant reduction in emotion-focused coping (measured by the Coping Inventory of Stressful Situations, -2.37 ± 6.73, P < 0.01), Geriatric Depression scale (-0.67 ± 2.63, P < 0.05) and Pearlin’s overload scale (-0.55 ± 2.07, P < 0.05), upon completion of the Program. Secondly, it was found that carers with more compromised baseline scores benefited most from the intervention, as they experienced statistically significant improvement in the following constructs: competence, stress-coping style (less emotion-oriented), sense of mastery, burden, overload. CONCLUSION: Study results supported the effectiveness of the CARERS Program in improving caregiving competence, stress coping ability and mental well-being in carers caring for family members with dementia. PMID:24255878

Chiu, Mary; Wesson, Virginia; Sadavoy, Joel

2013-01-01

263

Generic engineering competencies required by engineers graduating in Australia.  

E-print Network

??[Truncated abstract] This thesis identifies the generic engineering competencies required by engineers graduating in Australia, in order to inform future development of instruments to measure… (more)

Male, Sally Amanda

2009-01-01

264

Developing Cross Cultural Competence: Applying Development and Prevention Ideals to Counseling Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As counselors turn their attention to child-based counseling, there is a need to apply the core tenets of the discipline of counseling to young children and incorporate cross-cultural issues into clinical competence. Using Multicultural Counseling Theory (MCT), the authors discuss conventional approaches to providing clinical interventions for…

Wolfgang, Jeff; Frazier, Kimberly; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Barrett, Joe

2011-01-01

265

Research plan for developing trauma core competencies for nurses in Thailand.  

PubMed

The aim of this research plan was identification and development of core competencies for emergency trauma nurses in Thailand. The research plan was undertaken in three phases. Phase I: a national survey of the critical dimensions of care; Phase II: development of a 64 item tool; and Phase III: efficiency study with emergency nurses representing Level-1, Regional, Community and Rural facilities. Six dimensions of competency were identified: cooperation, decision-making, leadership, problem-solving, teamwork, and technical knowledge with a content validity index (CVI) of 1.00 and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of 0.98 (N=485 RNs in 29 hospitals). Analysis of the first year pilot study data using a 5 point likert scale (N=285 RNs in 16 hospitals), nurses rated themselves as 4.18 (SD=0.69) and their peers at 4.00 (SD=0.68). Head nurse evaluations averaged 3.98 (SD=0.55). ANOVA demonstrated no statistical significance (p=0.09) between groups. The results of the preliminary studies demonstrated appropriateness of the core competency items, but refinement is required prior to national distribution. PMID:20129437

Unhasuta, Krongdai; Robinson, Marylou V; Magilvy, Kathy

2010-01-01

266

Development of an adherence/competence rating scale for individual drug counseling.  

PubMed

This paper reports on the development of a 43 item rating scale that assesses therapist adherence and competence in individual drug counseling (IDC) for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Three independent judges rated 41 audiotaped IDC sessions from the pilot/training phase of the NIDA collaborative cocaine study. Judges also rated 11 tapes of Cognitive sessions and ten tapes of Supportive Expressive psychodynamic sessions. Interjudge reliability for the total scale score and subscales ranged from 0.55 to 0.89 and internal consistency coefficients ranged from 0.43 to 0.95. Ratings indicated that IDC counselors used IDC techniques more frequently and competently than did therapists from other modalities. PMID:9023068

Barber, J P; Mercer, D; Krakauer, I; Calvo, N

1996-12-11

267

Desired Competencies of Employees on International Agricultural Development Projects as Indicated by Project Managers: A Qualitative Study  

E-print Network

DESIRED COMPETENCIES OF EMPLOYEES ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AS INDICATED BY PROJECT MANAGERS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY A Thesis by M?RANDA RUTH SANDLIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas... of Employees on International Agricultural Development Projects as Indicated by Project Managers: A Qualitative Study Copyright 2010 M?Randa Ruth Sandlin DESIRED COMPETENCIES OF EMPLOYEES ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AS INDICATED...

Sandlin, M'Randa Ruth

2011-08-08

268

Competencies for Student Leadership Development in Doctor of Pharmacy Curricula to Assist Curriculum Committees and Leadership Instructors  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assist curriculum committees and leadership instructors by gathering expert opinion to define student leadership development competencies for pharmacy curricula. Methods. Twenty-six leadership instructors participated in a 3-round, online, modified Delphi process to define competencies for student leadership development in pharmacy curricula. Round 1 asked open-ended questions about leadership knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Round 2 grouped responses for agreement rating and comment. Round 3 allowed rating and comment on competencies not yet meeting consensus, which was prospectively set at 80%. Results. Eleven competencies attained 80% consensus or higher and were grouped into 3 areas: leadership knowledge, personal leadership commitment, and leadership skill development. Connections to contemporary leadership development literature were outlined for each competency as a means of verifying the panel’s work. Conclusions. The leadership competencies will aid students in addressing: What is leadership? Who am I as a leader? What skills and abilities do I need to be effective? The competencies will help curriculum committees and leadership instructors to focus leadership development opportunities, identify learning assessments, and define program evaluation. PMID:24371346

Traynor, Andrew P.; Boyle, Cynthia J.

2013-01-01

269

Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning has become a significant aspect of training and education in the worldwide information economy as an attempt to create and facilitate a competent global work force. "Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy" provides eclectic accounts of case studies in…

Olaniran, Bolanle A., Ed.

2010-01-01

270

The Effect of Computer Interactive Simulation on Situational Decision-Making and Competency Development of Experienced Staff Nurses  

E-print Network

THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER INTERACTIVE SIMULATION ON SITUATIONAL DECISION-MAKING AND COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIENCED STAFF NURSES ABSTRACT Simulation and gaming as learning methodologies are increasing in use. Many ...

Peterson, Bonnie Lou

2012-05-31

271

Do we develop public health leaders?- association between public health competencies and emotional intelligence: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Professional development of public health leaders requires a form of instruction which is competency-based to help them develop the abilities to address complex and evolving demands of health care systems. Concurrently, emotional intelligence (EI) is a key to organisational success. Our aim was twofold: i) to assess the relationship between the level of self-assessed public health and EI competencies among Master of European Public Health (MEPH) students and graduates at Maastricht University, and; ii) to determine the relationship between different groups of public health competencies and specific EI skills. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted including all recent MEPH graduates and students from 2009–2012, out of 67 eligible candidates N?=?51 were contacted and N?=?33 responded (11 males and 22 females; overall response: 64.7%).Two validated tools were employed: i) public health competencies self-assessment questionnaire, and; ii) Assessing Emotions Scale. Results Females scored higher than males in all seven domains of the self-assessed key public health competencies (NS) and emotional intelligence competences (P?=?0.022). Overall, the mean value of public health competencies was the lowest in students with “staff” preferences and the highest among students with mixed job preferences (P?competencies and the overall emotional intelligence competencies (r?=?0.61, P?competencies and EI attributes. It can contribute to the improvement of the educational content of PH curricula by rising awareness through self-assessment and supporting the identification of further educational needs related to leadership. PMID:24742091

2014-01-01

272

Competencies for Teachers Who Instruct Children with Learning Disabilities. Project I.O.U.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report lists competencies for teachers in every day interactions with learning disabled students. Developed by a task force, the competencies are intended to serve as general guidelines. Information is presented on the goal, assessment competencies, and instructional competencies for the following areas: classroom management, spoken language,…

Keegan, William

273

The Effect Social Information Processing in Six-Year-Old Children Has on Their Social Competence and Peer Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect social information processing levels has on the social competence (entering a peer group, response towards provocation, response to failure, response to success, social expectations, teacher expectations, reactive aggression, proactive aggression) and peer relationship (prosocial behaviour,…

Ogelman, Hulya Gulay; Seven, Serdal

2012-01-01

274

Competencies: A New Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

2002-01-01

275

Thank you for taking the time to read and respond to the first part of the draft Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. The Information Literacy Competency Standards for  

E-print Network

Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. The Information Literacy Competency Standards, have become an essential document related to the emergence of information literacy as a recognized learning outcome at many institutions of higher education. They have defined information literacy

Kasman, Alex

276

Educational Accountability: The Issue of Competency-Based Education. Informational Bulletin 77-IB-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief discussion of the issues prompting concern with competency-based education (CBE) and an explanation of what it is and why it is so popular, this document goes on to discuss action Wisconsin and other states have taken to implement CBE. Very brief accounts are given of the minimal competency-type programs implemented in Sparta,…

Watchke, Gary A.

277

Workforce competencies in behavioral health: an overview.  

PubMed

Competency-based training approaches are being used more in healthcare to guide curriculum content and ensure accountability and outcomes in the educational process. This article provides an overview of the state of competency development in the field of behavioral health. Specifically, it identifies the groups and organizations that have conducted and supported this work, summarizes their progress in defining and assessing competencies, and discusses both the obstacles and future directions for such initiatives. A major purpose of this article is to provide a compendium of current competency efforts so that these might inform and enhance ongoing competency development in the varied behavioral health disciplines and specialties. These varied resources may also be useful in identifying the core competencies that are common to the multiple disciplines and specialties. PMID:16082798

Hoge, Michael A; Paris, Manuel; Adger, Hoover; Collins, Frank L; Finn, Cherry V; Fricks, Larry; Gill, Kenneth J; Haber, Judith; Hansen, Marsali; Ida, D J; Kaplan, Linda; Northey, William F; O'Connell, Maria J; Rosen, Anita L; Taintor, Zebulon; Tondora, Janis; Young, Alexander S

2005-01-01

278

Changes in social competence in young children treated because of conduct problems as viewed by multiple informants.  

PubMed

In the present study changes in social competence were examined in a clinic sample of 127 children aged 4-8. The children were recruited to a controlled treatment study because of conduct problems at home and were randomised to the Incredible Years parent training (PT), combined PT and child therapy (CT) or a waiting-list control-group. Assessments were conducted pre- and post-treatment and at a one-year follow-up by multiple informants (mother, father, teacher and child). Parent training combined with child treatment showed most improvement in child social competence based on mother, father and child reports, however, father reports showed positive results for children treated with PT only. Treated mothers and fathers showed a decrease in correlations in their reports of social competence in the child after treatment as compared to parents in the waiting-list condition. No generalisation effects to peer-relationships in day-care/school were found, neither on teacher or child reports. A broad perspective using multiple informants from different settings is needed when effects of treatment of young children with conduct problems are evaluated and should include various aspects of social competence. PMID:17401611

Drugli, May Britt; Larsson, Bo; Clifford, Graham

2007-09-01

279

Conspiracies and Competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universities and other higher education institutions are predominantly organizations that convey knowledge, more than developing competences - these are often the verbally proclaimed but only rarely achieved goals. There can be two reasons for this discrepancy. First, conveying informational as well as subject-specific and specialized knowledge can even today be planned, assessed, and checked much more easily than conveying competences - an approach for teaching, which needs new patterns of thought and actions. Teachers and learners, assistants and assessing staff, and especially actors and planners who are concerned with questions of educational politics therefore form a "conspiracy of assessors," which has chosen the simpler and seemingly safer approach. This approach, however, seems to be ignorant of future developments. Second, conveying competences needs different forms of learning and teaching than conveying knowledge. The question of the acquisition (interiorization) of rules, assessments, and results of assessments (= values) and norms in the form of the learners' own emotions and motivations is central. Becoming emotionally labilized is pivotal to this appropriation. Emotional labilization also provides a criterion for assessing the effectiveness of Web 2.0 instruments for developing competences.

Erpenbeck, John

280

Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

2008-01-01

281

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan

282

The development of a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for BSN graduates.  

PubMed

Under the current nursing education system in Taiwan, a fair and objective evaluation of group health teaching competency has been lacking for a long time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for baccalaureate graduates. Action research was the main research methodology used in this study. The research consisted of two phases. In the first phase, a development committee was established. Based on routine discussions, literature reviews and realistic cases, a draft examination model with quasi-clinical situation model content and procedure was developed. Examination Facility Preparations, Simulated Scenarios and Client Recruitments, Examination Result Evaluation (evaluated by teachers) and Learning Guidelines were also prepared. This draft was reviewed twice for expert opinion, a pilot test was done and both the draft and pilot testing were reviewed again before the draft was finalized. The second phase involved refining the examination model by actually practicing the completed draft examination model in a simulated group-teaching setting in order to examine the model's reliability and validity. Fifteen people were involved in this experiment: three nursing personnel each having at least two years' clinical and teaching experience; three nursing students who did not have actual clinical experience and had not taken the course of teaching principles; three senior teachers; and six virtual patients. The responses from the nursing personnel, nursing students, teachers, and virtual patients who participated in the testing were gathered and integrated to refine the model. The model has content, expert and discriminative validity. The reliability of the model was proven by the high consistency in administration and scoring of the model by clinical examiners. This examination model is not only applicable for the proof of students' credit point exemption, but also as an alternative option for examining nursing personnel in traditional nursing education and practice. PMID:19061174

Tai, Chun-Yi; Chung, Ue-Lin

2008-12-01

283

Variation in rates of early development in Haliotis asinina generate competent larvae of different ages  

PubMed Central

Introduction Inter-specific comparisons of metazoan developmental mechanisms have provided a wealth of data concerning the evolution of body form and the generation of morphological novelty. Conversely, studies of intra-specific variation in developmental programs are far fewer. Variation in the rate of development may be an advantage to the many marine invertebrates that posses a biphasic life cycle, where fitness commonly requires the recruitment of planktonically dispersing larvae to patchily distributed benthic environments. Results We have characterised differences in the rate of development between individuals originating from a synchronised fertilisation event in the tropical abalone Haliotis asinina, a broadcast spawning lecithotrophic vetigastropod. We observed significant differences in the time taken to complete early developmental events (time taken to complete third cleavage and to hatch from the vitelline envelope), mid-larval events (variation in larval shell development) and late larval events (the acquisition of competence to respond to a metamorphosis inducing cue). We also provide estimates of the variation in maternally provided energy reserves that suggest maternal provisioning is unlikely to explain the majority of the variation in developmental rate we report here. Conclusions Significant differences in the rates of development exist both within and between cohorts of synchronously fertilised H. asinina gametes. These differences can be detected shortly after fertilisation and generate larvae of increasingly divergent development states. We discuss the significance of our results within an ecological context, the adaptive significance of mechanisms that might maintain this variation, and potential sources of this variation. PMID:22339806

2012-01-01

284

Competency-Based Training Developed for Environmental Health Workers in Indonesia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a curriculum developed as part of the Rural Sanitation Manpower Development Project to train new professional- and technician-level environmental health workers. Modules containing information required to perform tasks of a health worker at different levels of expertise were developed as a basic component of the curriculum. (BC)

Adrounie, V. Harry; Chelikowsky, Bruce R.

1984-01-01

285

Stories of Personal Agency: Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Developing Intercultural Competence during a Semester Abroad in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of how students perceive their development of intercultural competence (IC), one of several study abroad learning outcomes, is important for better understanding how learning occurs in study abroad contexts. The purpose of this article is to explore undergraduate students' perceptions of developing IC during a semester abroad.…

Covert, Hannah H.

2014-01-01

286

The Influences of Student Engagement, Institutional Mission, and Cooperative Learning Climate on the Generic Competency Development of Korean Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using multilevel models, this study examined whether the strength of the association between student engagement and development of generic student competencies (GSCs) varies across Korean colleges. Data from the Korean Educational Development Institute's 2007 national sample and from 5,445 students representing 60 four-year colleges and…

Choi, Bo Keum; Rhee, Byung Shik

2014-01-01

287

Developing a Multisite Project in Geriatric and/or Gerontological Education with Emphases in Interdisciplinary Practice and Cultural Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a two-year, multisite, curriculum-development project aimed to increase the pool of professionals trained in geriatric and/or gerontological social work. Methods included providing advanced training in aging, cultural competence, and interdisciplinary practice; developing, implementing, and testing an innovative student curriculum based…

Browne, Colette V.; Braun, Kathryn L.; Mokuau, Noreen; McLaughlin, Linda

2002-01-01

288

Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

2010-01-01

289

Information literacy development in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Finland there is still much to be done to promote integrated information literacy in higher education. Teamwork between teachers and libraries is well developed in some universities but many are only just beginning to realize what libraries can do for them. Academic libraries have provided user education since the 1950s, but they still have to prove themselves to teaching

Kaisa Sinikara; Leena Järveläinen

2003-01-01

290

New Developments in Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this conference was to: (1) improve reference and research library resources and services within its area by identifying, sharing and developing such resources and services and (2) further inter-library cooperation, communication and transportation of materials within the area of the Council. Aware that many information needs exist…

McAllister, Lois, Ed.

291

Genetic competence in Bacillus subtilis.  

PubMed Central

Genetic competence may be defined as a physiological state enabling a bacterial culture to bind and take up high-molecular-weight exogenous DNA (transformation). In Bacillus subtilis, competence develops postexponentially and only in certain media. In addition, only a minority of the cells in a competent culture become competent, and these are physiologically distinct. Thus, competence is subject to three regulatory modalities: growth stage specific, nutritionally responsive, and cell type specific. This review summarizes the present state of knowledge concerning competence in B. subtilis. The study of genes required for transformability has permitted their classification into two broad categories. Late competence genes are expressed under competence control and specify products required for the binding, uptake, and processing of transforming DNA. Regulatory genes specify products that are needed for the expression of the late genes. Several of the late competence gene products have been shown to be membrane localized, and others are predicted to be membrane associated on the basis of amino acid sequence data. Several of these predicted protein sequences show a striking resemblance to gene products that are involved in the export and/or assembly of extracellular proteins and structures in gram-negative organisms. This observation is consistent with the idea that the late products are directly involved in transport of DNA and is equally consistent with the notion that they play a morphogenetic role in the assembly of a transport apparatus. The competence regulatory apparatus constitutes an elaborate signal transduction system that senses and interprets environmental information and passes this information to the competence-specific transcriptional machinery. Many of the regulatory gene products have been identified and partially characterized, and their interactions have been studied genetically and in some cases biochemically as well. These include several histidine kinase and response regulator members of the bacterial two-component signal transduction machinery, as well as a number of known transcriptionally active proteins. Results of genetic studies are consistent with the notion that the regulatory proteins interact in a hierarchical way to make up a regulatory pathway, and it is possible to propose a provisional scheme for the organization of this pathway. It is remarkable that almost all of the regulatory gene products appear to play roles in the control of various forms of postexponential expression in addition to competence, e.g., sporulation, degradative-enzyme production, motility, and antibiotic production. This has led to the notion of a signal transduction network which transduces environmental information to determine the levels and timing of expression of the ultimate products characteristic of each of these systems. PMID:1943994

Dubnau, D

1991-01-01

292

Integrative Medicine in Residency Education: Developing Competency Through Online Curriculum Training  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Integrative Medicine in Residency (IMR) program, a 200-hour Internet-based, collaborative educational initiative was implemented in 8 family medicine residency programs and has shown a potential to serve as a national model for incorporating training in integrative/complementary/alternative medicine in graduate medical education. Intervention The curriculum content was designed based on a needs assessment and a set of competencies for graduate medical education developed following the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education outcome project guidelines. The content was delivered through distributed online learning and included onsite activities. A modular format allowed for a flexible implementation in different residency settings. Evaluation To assess the feasibility of implementing the curriculum, a multimodal evaluation was utilized, including: (1) residents' evaluation of the curriculum; (2) residents' competencies evaluation through medical knowledge testing, self-assessment, direct observations, and reflections; and (3) residents' wellness and well-being through behavioral assessments. Results The class of 2011 (n??=??61) had a high rate of curriculum completion in the first and second year (98.7% and 84.2%) and course evaluations on meeting objectives, clinical utility, and functioning of the technology were highly rated. There was a statistically significant improvement in medical knowledge test scores for questions aligned with content for both the PGY-1 and PGY-2 courses. Conclusions The IMR program is an advance in the national effort to make training in integrative medicine available to physicians on a broad scale and is a success in terms of online education. Evaluation suggests that this program is feasible for implementation and acceptable to residents despite the many pressures of residency. PMID:23451312

Lebensohn, Patricia; Kligler, Benjamin; Dodds, Sally; Schneider, Craig; Sroka, Selma; Benn, Rita; Cook, Paula; Guerrera, Mary; Dog, Tieraona Low; Sierpina, Victor; Teets, Raymond; Waxman, Dael; Woytowicz, John; Weil, Andrew; Maizes, Victoria

2012-01-01

293

Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice. Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers shows how intercultural competence can be realized in the classroom. The 17 chapters include the following: (1) "The International Partnership Project" (Carol Morgan); (2) "Teaching Intercultural Communicative Competence through Literature" (Eva Burwitz-Melzer); (3) "'Up the Hills of Identity'" (Elena Tarasheva and Leah…

Byram, Michael, Ed.; Nichols, Adam, Ed.; Stevens, David, Ed.

294

The Development of a Competency Based Teacher Education Curriculum Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study had three objectives: (1) design a competency based teacher education curriculum model for vocational-technical education (agriculture, home economics, and vocational-industrial); (2) validate the competencies by field testing them with regular vocational teachers, vocational directors, and state personnel; and (3) field test the…

Wircenski, Jerry L.

295

Family Resources and Development of Social Competence in Disadvantaged Children in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored relationship between family resources and social competence of 300 adolescents. Found that parental education, occupation, and family income were related to positive peer and teacher-related social competence among advantaged adolescents. Negative responses and outside family support were positively related to disadvantaged adolescents'…

Muni, Anita Kumari; Rath, Arundhati; Choudhury, Aparajita

1997-01-01

296

Integrating core information competencies into a traditional curriculum: a collaborative approach.  

PubMed

To prepare for a career, in which they keep up-to-date with current physical therapy procedures and health care trends, it is imperative that students become life-long learners. Four core competencies have been identified as skills to promote life-long learning: e-mail, professional electronic mailing lists (listservs), online data-base searching, and searching the World Wide Web. This paper discusses integrating the core competencies into the curriculum of a physical therapist assistant program through a collaborative effort between the physical therapist assistant program faculty and librarians. PMID:10621385

Ohles, J A; Maritz, C A

1998-01-01

297

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

2010-12-28

298

Maternal and Child Health Leadership Competencies  

E-print Network

Maternal and Child Health Leadership Competencies V E R S I O N 3 . 0 MCH Leadership Competencies? .................................................................................................. 2 Use of the MCH Leadership Competencies ................................................................... 2 Rationale for Development of MCH Leadership Competencies

Thomas, Andrew

299

Diffusing QSEN competencies across schools of nursing: the AACN/RWJF Faculty Development Institutes.  

PubMed

A series of regional Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) Faculty Development Institutes were held in 2010 and 2011 to provide nursing faculty with strategies to integrate quality and safety content into their curricula. The interactive coursework focused on the 6 core QSEN competencies. Using a train-the-trainer approach, the QSEN Faculty Development Institute Directors enabled nursing faculty attendees to (a) lead their institution's faculty to incorporate quality and safety content into the curriculum for students; (b) teach and mentor students to deliver high quality and safe patient care; and (c) train other faculty to accomplish these goals. Over 1,100 nursing faculty from across the United States attended the institutes. All types of prelicensure programs were represented including diploma, associate, and baccalaureate degree. In a preinstitute survey, faculty identified multiple opportunities to improve the integration of quality and safety content into curricula including the need for specific content on quality improvement, teamwork and collaboration, and informatics and the need for interprofessional experiences and electronic health record access. Postinstitute evaluations indicated that participants found the content clear, specific, usable, and presented in a format that facilitated thought, reflection, and application. The regional institutes served as a very effective strategy for engaging large numbers of faculty across the country in the QSEN work and for disseminating vital tactics to improve the teaching of quality and safety content. PMID:23566451

Barnsteiner, Jane; Disch, Joanne; Johnson, Jean; McGuinn, Kathy; Chappell, Kathy; Swartwout, Ellen

2013-01-01

300

Cultural Competence in Medical Education: Aligning the Formal, Informal and Hidden Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of cultural competence has become reified by inclusion as an accreditation standard in the US and Canada, in New Zealand it is demanded through an Act of Parliament, and it pervades discussion in Australian medical education discourse. However, there is evidence that medical graduates feel poorly prepared to deliver cross-cultural care…

Paul, David; Ewen, Shaun C.; Jones, Rhys

2014-01-01

301

Safety in numbers 3: Authenticity, Building knowledge & skills and Competency development & assessment: the ABC of safe medication dosage calculation problem-solving pedagogy.  

PubMed

When designing learning and assessment environments it is essential to articulate the underpinning education philosophy, theory, model and learning style support mechanisms that inform their structure and content. We elaborate on original PhD research that articulates the design rationale of authentic medication dosage calculation problem-solving (MDC-PS) learning and diagnostic assessment environments. These environments embody the principles of authenticity, building knowledge and skills and competency assessment and are designed to support development of competence and bridging of the theory-practice gap. Authentic learning and diagnostic assessment environments capture the features and expert practices that are located in real world practice cultures and recreate them in authentic virtual clinical environments. We explore how this provides students with a safe virtual authentic environment to actively experience, practice and undertake MDC-PS learning and assessment activities. We argue that this is integral to the construction and diagnostic assessment of schemata validity (mental constructions and frameworks that are an individual's internal representation of their world), bridging of the theory-practice gap and cognitive and functional competence development. We illustrate these principles through the underpinning pedagogical design of two online virtual authentic learning and diagnostic assessment environments (safeMedicate and eDose™). PMID:23177732

Weeks, Keith W; Meriel Hutton, B; Coben, Diana; Clochesy, John M; Pontin, David

2013-03-01

302

The Development Model of Knowledge Management via Web-Based Learning to Enhance Pre-Service Teacher's Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores that the model of knowledge management and web technology for teachers' professional development as well as its impact in the classroom on learning and teaching, especially in pre-service teacher's competency and practices that refer to knowledge creating, analyzing, nurturing, disseminating, and optimizing process as part…

Rampai, Nattaphon; Sopeerak, Saroch

2011-01-01

303

The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

Stewart, Richard Lee

304

Online Romance Languages Cross-Comprehension in the Development of Educational Competence: A Study of Future Teachers' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents perceptions of Portuguese teacher education students concerning their participation in the Galanet project's plurilingual online communication (with Romance languages) and, particularly, the contribution of this participation in the development of their educational competence in relation to personal, intercultural and…

Araujo e Sa, Maria Helena; Melo, Silvia

2007-01-01

305

Adolescent Development of Global Competencies through a Short-Term International Study-Travel Experience to China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capacity of adolescents to develop global competencies was examined by collecting and analyzing data from 62 student-travelers before, during, and after a short-term study-travel experience to China. The Global Perspectives Inventory was used to compare the student-travelers' perspectives before and after travel with a comparison group of…

Gould, Rachel Zucker

2012-01-01

306

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

307

Survey of Middle School Teacher Desire for Staff Development Focused on Competencies to Teach Gifted and Talented Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, to determine the level of teacher desire for professional development in competencies needed to teach gifted learners, and second, to identify differences in the level of teacher desirability as it related to a number of independent measures (gender, life stage, teacher concerns, primary teaching…

O'Neil, Deborah O.

2011-01-01

308

Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions on Development of Their IMD Competencies through TPACK-Based Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated perceived development of pre-service teachers in their Instructional Material Design (IMD) competencies through the course "Instructional Technology and Material Design," which is based on a technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge (TPACK) framework. A total of 22 Elementary Education pre-service…

Tokmak, Hatice Sancar; Yelken, Tugba Yanpar; Konokman, Gamze Yavuz

2013-01-01

309

Developing team competence as part of a person centered learning course on communication and soft skills in project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the capability to work in teams, both national and international, has become a key requirement on computer science graduates, we have been exploring ways in which to support students in enhancing this capability during their studies. In this paper we share our approach, 'philosophy', and learning from the preceding years regarding the development of team competence as part of

Renate Motschnig-Pitrik; Kathrin Figl

2007-01-01

310

Nascent Entrepreneurship and the Developing Individual: Early Entrepreneurial Competence in Adolescence and Venture Creation Success during the Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What predicts a person's venture creation success over the course of the career, such as making progress in the venture creation process and multiple successful venture creations? Applying a life span approach of human development, this study examined the effect of early entrepreneurial competence in adolescence, which was gathered retrospectively…

Obschonka, Martin; Silbereisen, Rainer K.; Schmitt-Rodermund, Eva; Stuetzer, Michael

2011-01-01

311

Development of Interactional Competence in L2 Japanese during Study Abroad: The Use of Modal Expressions in Recipient Actions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates the processes in which second language (L2) speakers of Japanese develop their interactional competence in using modal expressions (e.g., "ne" [I share your view], "kamo" [maybe]) as recipients during study abroad. Although previous research has found that beginning learners of Japanese use the acknowledging receipt…

Ishida, Midori

2010-01-01

312

Geography, Economic Education and Global Education: European and Austrian Aspects of the "Fifobi--Developing Business Competencies in School" Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The EU-funded research project "Fifobi--Fit for Business--developing business competencies in school" (2009-2012) focused on the implementation of economic education in seven European countries. The purpose of the project and this paper is to investigate the current programmes that exist within the final two years of compulsory education…

Schwarz, Ingrid

2012-01-01

313

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

314

Genre-Based Tasks in Foreign Language Writing: Developing Writers' Genre Awareness, Linguistic Knowledge, and Writing Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how novice foreign language (FL) writers develop their genre awareness, linguistic knowledge, and writing competence in a genre-based writing course that incorporates email-writing tasks. To define genre, the study draws on systemic functional linguistics (SFL) that sees language as a resource for making meaning in a particular…

Yasuda, Sachiko

2011-01-01

315

Information Exchange for theInformation Exchange for the Development of SustainableDevelopment of Sustainable  

E-print Network

Information Exchange for theInformation Exchange for the Development of SustainableDevelopment influenced the development ofthe development of sustainable wood process industrysustainable wood process industry substantiallysubstantially .. Information Exchange for the development of Sustainable Wood Process

316

Towards the Development of a Cultural Competence Framework for Human Resource Development Professionals in International Business: A Study of Best Practice Learning and Diversity Companies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a global environment, growing business corporations have recognized the role diversity plays in business development. However, the human resource development (HRD) profession charged with the responsibility for developing any organization's human resources, has not defined what cultural competence is and its role in improving the…

Kyeyune, Catherine

2012-01-01

317

Genetic education and the challenge of genomic medicine: development of core competences to support preparation of health professionals in Europe.  

PubMed

The use of genetics and genomics within a wide range of health-care settings requires health professionals to develop expertise to practise appropriately. There is a need for a common minimum standard of competence in genetics for health professionals in Europe but because of differences in professional education and regulation between European countries, setting curricula may not be practical. Core competences are used as a basis for health professional education in many fields and settings. An Expert Group working under the auspices of the EuroGentest project and European Society of Human Genetics Education Committee agreed that a pragmatic solution to the need to establish common standards for education and practice in genetic health care was to agree to a set of core competences that could apply across Europe. These were agreed through an exhaustive process of consultation with relevant health professionals and patient groups. Sets of competences for practitioners working in primary, secondary and tertiary care have been agreed and were approved by the European Society of Human Genetics. The competences provide an appropriate framework for genetics education of health professionals across national boundaries, and the suggested learning outcomes are available to guide development of curricula that are appropriate to the national context, educational system and health-care setting of the professional involved. Collaboration between individuals from many European countries and professions has resulted in an adaptable framework for both pre-registration and continuing professional education. This competence framework has the potential to improve the quality of genetic health care for patients globally. PMID:20442748

Skirton, Heather; Lewis, Celine; Kent, Alastair; Coviello, Domenico A

2010-09-01

318

Exploring Middle School Students' Representational Competence in Science: Development and Verification of a Framework for Learning with Visual Representations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific knowledge is constructed and communicated through a range of forms in addition to verbal language. Maps, graphs, charts, diagrams, formulae, models, and drawings are just some of the ways in which science concepts can be represented. Representational competence---an aspect of visual literacy that focuses on the ability to interpret, transform, and produce visual representations---is a key component of science literacy and an essential part of science reading and writing. To date, however, most research has examined learning from representations rather than learning with representations. This dissertation consisted of three distinct projects that were related by a common focus on learning from visual representations as an important aspect of scientific literacy. The first project was the development of an exploratory framework that is proposed for use in investigations of students constructing and interpreting multimedia texts. The exploratory framework, which integrates cognition, metacognition, semiotics, and systemic functional linguistics, could eventually result in a model that might be used to guide classroom practice, leading to improved visual literacy, better comprehension of science concepts, and enhanced science literacy because it emphasizes distinct aspects of learning with representations that can be addressed though explicit instruction. The second project was a metasynthesis of the research that was previously conducted as part of the Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science project (Pacific CRYSTAL, http://www.educ.uvic.ca/pacificcrystal). Five overarching themes emerged from this case-to-case synthesis: the engaging and effective nature of multimedia genres, opportunities for differentiated instruction using multimodal strategies, opportunities for assessment, an emphasis on visual representations, and the robustness of some multimodal literacy strategies across content areas. The third project was a mixed-methods verification study that was conducted to refine and validate the theoretical framework. This study examined middle school students' representational competence and focused on students' creation of visual representations such as labelled diagrams, a form of representation commonly found in science information texts and textbooks. An analysis of the 31 Grade 6 participants' representations and semistructured interviews revealed five themes, each of which supports one or more dimensions of the exploratory framework: participants' use of color, participants' choice of representation (form and function), participants' method of planning for representing, participants' knowledge of conventions, and participants' selection of information to represent. Together, the results of these three projects highlight the need for further research on learning with rather than learning from representations.

Tippett, Christine Diane

319

Carpentry. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 14 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

320

An Experiential Approach to Developing Vocational Special Needs Competencies in Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Indiana internship program which provided experiential education in vocational special needs to 40 interns in a 10-week summer program. Presents the findings regarding perceived increased competency levels resulting from this experience. (CT)

Cooke, Thomas C.

1981-01-01

321

The role of simulation in the development of technical competence during surgical training: a literature review  

PubMed Central

Objectives To establish the current state of knowledge on the effect of surgical simulation on the development of technical competence during surgical training. Methods Using a defined search strategy, the medical and educational literature was searched to identify empirical research that uses simulation as an educational intervention with surgical trainees. Included studies were analysed according to guidelines adapted from a Best Evidence in Medical Education review. Results A total of 32 studies were analysed, across 5 main categories of surgical simulation technique - use of bench models and box trainers (9 studies); Virtual Reality (14 studies); human cadavers (4 studies); animal models (2 studies) and robotics (3 studies). An improvement in technical skill was seen within the simulated environment across all five categories. This improvement was seen to transfer to the real patient in the operating room in all categories except the use of animals. Conclusions Based on current evidence, surgical trainees should be confident in the effects of using simulation, and should have access to formal, structured simulation as part of their training. Surgical simulation should incorporate the use of bench models and box trainers, with the use of Virtual Reality where resources allow. Alternatives to cadaveric and animal models should be considered due to the ethical and moral issues surrounding their use, and due to their equivalency with other simulation techniques. However, any use of surgical simulation must be tailored to the individual needs of trainees, and should be accompanied by feedback from expert tutors.

2013-01-01

322

A competency model for general practice: implications for selection, training, and development.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The role of the general practitioner (GP) has changed significantly over the past decade. This problem is compounded by growing concern over postgraduate attrition rates from medicine, with current estimates as high as 19%. AIM: To define a comprehensive model of the competencies required for the job role of GP. METHOD: Three independent studies were conducted to define GP competencies including (1) critical incidents focus groups with GPs, (2) behavioural coding of GP-patient consultations, and (3) critical incidents interviews with patients. Study 1 was conducted with GPs (n = 35) from the Trent region. Study 2 involved observation of GP-patient consultations (n = 33 consultations), and Study 3 was conducted with patients (n = 21), all from a Midlands-based medical practice. RESULTS: The data collected from the three studies provided strong evidence for a competency model comprising 11 categories with a summary of the associated behavioural descriptions. Example competencies included empathy and sensitivity, communication skills, clinical knowledge and expertise, conceptual thinking, and coping with pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Triangulation of results was achieved from three independent studies. The competencies derived imply that a greater account of personal attributes needs to be considered in recruitment and training, rather than focusing on academic and clinical competency alone. The model could be employed for future research in design of selection techniques for the role of GP. PMID:10750226

Patterson, F; Ferguson, E; Lane, P; Farrell, K; Martlew, J; Wells, A

2000-01-01

323

Harnessing the hidden curriculum: a four-step approach to developing and reinforcing reflective competencies in medical clinical clerkship.  

PubMed

Changing the culture of medicine through the education of medical students has been proposed as a solution to the intractable problems of our profession. Yet few have explored the issues associated with making students partners in this change. There is a powerful hidden curriculum that perpetuates not only desired attitudes and behaviors but also those that are less than desirable. So, how do we educate medical students to resist adopting unprofessional practices they see modeled by supervisors and mentors in the clinical environment? This paper explores these issues and, informed by the literature, we propose a specific set of reflective competencies for medical students as they transition from classroom curricula to clinical practice in a four-step approach: (1) Priming-students about hidden curriculum in their clinical environment and their motivations to conform or comply with external pressures; (2) Noticing-educating students to be aware of their motivations and actions in situations where they experience pressures to conform to practices that they may view as unprofessional; (3) Processing-guiding students to analyze their experiences in collaborative reflective exercises and finally; (4) Choosing-supporting students in selecting behaviors that validate and reinforce their aspirations to develop their best professional identity. PMID:25319835

Holmes, Cheryl L; Harris, Ilene B; Schwartz, Alan J; Regehr, Glenn

2014-10-16

324

Integrating Core Information Competencies into a Traditional Curriculum: A Collaborative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

To prepare for a career, in which they keep up-to-date with current physical therapy procedures and health care trends, it is imperative that students become life-long learners. Four core competencies have been identified as skills to promote life-long learning: e-mail, professional electronic mailing lists (listservs), online database searching, and searching the World Wide Web. This paper discusses integrating the core

Janet A. Ohles; Carol A. Maritz

1998-01-01

325

Traveling Toward Competence: The California State College Child Development Associate Project. Booklet I: A Pilot Effort.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first in a series of four booklets describing the Child Development Associate (CDA) Project at the California State College in Pennsylvania, one of the 13 original CDA pilot programs. Included in this booklet are a brief overview of the national CDA program; a history of the college's involvement in CDA; statistical information about…

Campbell, Dorothy Muirhead; Reed, Ilene Barbara

326

Human resource development for the information society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the four occupational categories identified by the OECD - information producers, information processors, information distributors and infrastructure providers - to explore the state of the information economy of countries in the Asia Pacific region. As would be expected, the developed countries in the region have more advanced information economies than the developing countries as measured by the

Edward Lim

1999-01-01

327

Evaluation of the professional process portfolio: an innovative tool to help develop and demonstrate leadership competency.  

PubMed

The professional process portfolio (PPP) was adopted by the Maternal Child and Health Bureau (MCHB) as an 'innovation' in best practice for all Leadership in Education and Adolescent Health (LEAH) Training Programs; however it had not been formally evaluated. Thus the objective was to evaluate the utility of the PPP for graduates of the LEAH training program in terms of (1) how alumni have used, adapted, and applied it since completing fellowship, (2) what fellows learned or gained through completing it, and (3) how it can be improved for continued use in training programs. Graduates from six disciplines were asked via telephone or email to participate in a survey regarding their experience with the PPP. Descriptive statistics were generated for demographic characteristics and closed-choice questions. Responses to open-ended questions were analyzed by a team of faculty using framework analysis. Sixty-one graduates completed surveys. The majority (85 %) found the PPP useful and utilized it post-graduation for multiple purposes in professional development: interviewing, training, and referencing previous work. Graduates recommended that the PPP be improved by making it electronic, discipline-specific, and providing earlier and more frequent instruction from faculty on expectations of creating it. Four themes emerged from the qualitative data analysis: accomplishment, experiential learning, skills and accountability, and a best practice of learning. The PPP was an effective personal learning tool for the majority of graduates and enhanced graduates' experiences. We highlight the ways that the PPP may facilitate the development of learning experiences associated with MCH leadership competence. PMID:25223548

Hastings, Elisabeth S; Chacko, Mariam R; Acosta, Amy B; Hergenroeder, Albert C; Wiemann, Constance M

2015-02-01

328

Conceptual Design and Development of Information Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the development of the internet and cable nets information services are going to be widely used. On the basis of projects for the development of information services like regional information services or shopping services we develop a method for the creation of information systems and services to be used through different nets. The approach is based on the

Thomas Feyer; Klaus-dieter Schewe; Bernhard Thalheim

1998-01-01

329

Electron Microscope and Autoradiographic Study of Ultrastructural Aspects of Competence and Deoxyribonucleic Acid Absorption in Bacillus subtilis: Ultrastructure of Competent and Noncompetent Cells and Cellular Changes During Development of Competence  

PubMed Central

By means of electron microscope autoradiography of component cultures of Bacillus subtilis exposed to [3H]thymidine-labeled transforming deoxyribonucleic acid competent and noncompetent cells can be distinguished. Competence is not limited to a specific phase of the cell division cycle. With serial section electron microscopy of competent and noncompetent cells, two types of mesosomal structures are observed: mesosomes connected to the plasma membrane only (plasma membrane mesosomes) and mesosomes which are additionally connected to the nuclear bodies (nuclear mesosomes). The two types show different cellular distributions. Especially the number of nuclear mesosomes is higher in competent than in noncompetent cells. This, and the observation that the increase and decrease of competence is correlated with both the number of cells carrying nuclear mesosomes and the number of nuclear mesosomes per cell, suggests that mesosomes are involved in the acquisition of competence. PMID:4208130

Vermeulen, C. A.; Venema, G.

1974-01-01

330

Welding. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a welding program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability skills needed…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

331

Supporting the Development of 21st Century Skills  

E-print Network

' competencies. Keywords: facilitating meetings, student competencies, teacher support. 1 Introduction]). To support student skill development, teachers need access to data about their competencies related self- and peer-evaluations, and some simple automated methods. This information forms part

Bull, Susan

332

Enterprise Information Architecture for Mission Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the concept of an information architecture to assist in mission development. The integrate information architecture will create a unified view of the information using metadata and the values (i.e., taxonomy).

Dutra, Jayne

2007-01-01

333

Social Competence and Obesity in Elementary School.  

PubMed

Objectives. We examined the relationship between children's weight and social competence. Methods. We used data from the third- and fifth-grade waves of the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (n?=?8346) to examine changes in children's weight and social competence. Results. Obesity in third grade was not associated with subsequent changes in social competence between third and fifth grade, but social competence in third grade was associated with subsequent development of obesity. Among normal-weight children, having higher social competence in third grade was associated with lower odds of becoming overweight (odds ratio [OR]?=?0.80 ±0.09; P?competence were more likely to lose weight between third and fifth grade (OR?=?1.43 ±0.25; P?competence often occur together and have serious implications for children's well-being. More knowledge about how weight and social competence affect one another could inform interventions to promote children's social development and reduce obesity. PMID:25393191

Jackson, Sandra L; Cunningham, Solveig A

2015-01-01

334

The Impact of Student Beliefs on the Effectiveness of Video in Developing Cross-Cultural Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action-research project was designed to assess how the use of video as a central instructional component impacts features of cross-cultural competence among adult ESL students. The study was conducted in a college-level intensive English language program in North America. Findings suggest that students' deeply embedded beliefs and values…

Wilcox, Kristen Campbell

2009-01-01

335

A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were 88…

Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

2013-01-01

336

Capitalising on Learning: An Exploration of the MBA as a Vehicle for Developing Career Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canadian Master of Business Administration graduates (n=30) indicated that completion of the master's program enhanced the career competencies of knowing-how (hard and soft skills), knowing-why (career values, meanings), and knowing-whom (networking). Knowing-why was rated most important. Increased self-confidence was a valuable form of career…

Sturges, Jane; Simpson, Ruth; Altman, Yochanan

2003-01-01

337

Developing and Assessing Multicultural Competence with a Focus on Culture and Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The search for culturally appropriate art therapy practice has historically focused on personal exploration and the infusion of a multicultural perspective in academic and applied experiences. The purpose of this article is to strengthen awareness of the personal and professional competencies necessary for culturally responsible practice. Three…

ter Maat, Mercedes B.

2011-01-01

338

Developing Intercultural Competence through Blended Learning: The Role of Peer Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to increase US competitiveness in the world economy is a driving factor in the recent push to internationalize university campuses across the country. Technical and subject area expertise are no longer sufficient to succeed in the 21st-century global workplace. Intercultural competence is becoming more valued as part of the desired…

Risner, Mary E.

2011-01-01

339

Social competences and personal ethical development-soft skills or a need for survival?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lack of social competence has become one of today's major problems in society throughout the world and is somehow a 21st century disease. The paper considers how changes in the world's economical systems coupled with new technical possibilities such as global networking and e-commerce have induced deep changes in social structures becoming more and more visible. The reflection of

Y. Julliard; A. J. Schwab

2000-01-01

340

Achievement Gap and Developing Cultural Competency Skills for Post-Secondary Teacher Education Program Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emphasis on multicultural education and cultural competency has been a popular subject among teacher educators and scholars (Cochran-Smith, 2001; Ladson-Billings, 1995, 1999a, 1999b; Ladson-Billings, 2003, 2006; Perry, Moore, Acosta, Edwards, & Frey, 2006; Sleeter, 2008, 2009; Sleeter & Stillman, 2005; Sleeter,1991, 2001, 2008; Sleeter &…

Ozturgut, Osman

2012-01-01

341

Developing Interactional Competence by Using TV Series in "English as an Additional Language" Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses a combined methodology to analyse the conversations in supplementary audio-visual materials to be implemented in language teaching classrooms in order to enhance the Interactional Competence (IC) of the learners. Based on a corpus of 90.000 words (Coupling Corpus), the author tries to reveal the potentials of using TV series in …

Sert, Olcay

2009-01-01

342

Exploration of the Value of Electronic Discourse for Developing Cultural Competency in College Freshmen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of electronic discourse on cultural competency growth among college students. Data were gathered by monitoring six discussion groups, three of which held face-to-face (FTF) discussions and three of which held electronic discussions (ED). Each group was led by a college professor after a…

Phillips, Donna Alley

2010-01-01

343

Development and evaluation of a student-centered multimedia self-assessment instrument for social-communicative competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication plays an important role in many professional contexts. This is especially true for students in the field of social work. The aim of this study was to develop formative, self-regulated multimedia self-assessment of social-communicative competencies for social work students. First, a pilot study was conducted to gain insight into the students' specific characteristics. This insight was used to design

ANOUKE W. E. A. BAKX; KLAAS SIJTSMA; JOHAN M. M. VAN DER SANDEN; RUURD TACONIS

2002-01-01

344

Tying sociology to information systems development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing computer-based information systems has always been considered a technical process, traditionally under the control of the information systems department. Information systems development is considerably different today than it has been in the past because of technological change. Technological change has also brought about sociological change. End users are more involved in systems development than ever before, and, in some

JoAnn Morley; Robert L. Miller

1994-01-01

345

Information Professionals in the Open Access Era: the competencies, challenges and new roles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The push for open access is to encourage new avenues of disseminating information quickly and broadly to advance knowledge. Self-archiving in open access repositories, metadata harvesting, electronic resource management, interoperability in searching, etc. are presenting a whole new dimension of the information landscape. Information professionals working in libraries have been facing tremendous challenges in disseminating scholarly material and learning objects

Maitrayee Ghosh

2009-01-01

346

Defining Competencies for Associate Degree Nursing Education and Practice. Proceedings of the Midwest Regional Conference on "The Associate Degree Nursing--Facilitating Competency Development" Project (Chicago, Illinois, March 10-11, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on "Associate Degree Nursing--Facilitating Competency Development," a 3-year project sponsored by the Midwest Alliance in Nursing (MAIN) to explore and recommend ways of strengthening Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) education and service, these proceedings contain papers by individuals involved with the development of the project and those…

Minckley, Barbara B., Ed.; Walters, Mary Dale, Ed.

347

Academic Development Group Information Series  

E-print Network

. (Haladyna 1997: 70) MCQs can easily be uploaded into WebCT. For further information see ADG Information MCQs. At university level, assessment tasks, especially summative ones, should be aimed towards

Hickman, Mark

348

Recombinant human growth differentiation factor-9 improves oocyte reprogramming competence and subsequent development of bovine cloned embryos.  

PubMed

Previously, we found that oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) secreted by denuded oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM) enhance subsequent development of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. This treatment requires many oocytes during IVM. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate whether supplementing with recombinant growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF9), one of crucial OFSs, in oocyte maturation medium could improve developmental competence of bovine oocytes and subsequent development of cloned embryos. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from antral follicles of bovine ovaries collected from an abattoir were cultured with (SCNT+GDF9 group) or without (SCNT group) 200 ng/mL recombinant human GDF9 in oocyte maturation medium. After 22 h, metaphase II (MII) oocytes were used for SCNT. The presence of 200 ng/mL GDF9 significantly increased oocyte maturation rates, the cleavage rate, and blastocyst formation rates of bovine cloned embryos. The blastocyst total, inner cell mass (ICM) cell numbers, and ratio of ICM:TE were higher, whereas the rate of apoptosis in bovine cloned blastocysts was lower in the SCNT+GDF9 group than in the SCNT group. The histone modifications at various sites were also different between each group. These results suggest that COCs cultured with recombinant GDF9 in oocyte maturation medium improve oocyte developmental competence and subsequent developmental competence of cloned embryo in cattle. PMID:24840335

Su, Jianmin; Hu, Guangdong; Wang, Yongsheng; Liang, Dong; Gao, Mingqing; Sun, Hongzheng; Zhang, Yong

2014-08-01

349

The gene encoding cAMP receptor protein is required for competence development in Haemophilus influenzae Rd.  

PubMed Central

The Haemophilus influenzae Rd strain JG87 contains a single mini-Tn10kan insertion that causes a deficiency in the development of competence for genetic transformation. The DNA fragment containing this insertion mutation, as well as the wild-type locus, was cloned, mapped, and sequenced. The sequence contained an open reading frame for a protein of 224 amino acids with a predicted Mr of 25,152. The deduced protein sequence showed strong similarity to the Escherichia coli cAMP receptor protein. The E. coli crp gene cloned on a multicopy plasmid was shown to fully complement the competence-deficient phenotype of the mutant strain; thus, the H. influenzae gene was named crp. These results suggest that H. influenzae cAMP-cAMP receptor protein complex functions to regulate one or more promoters essential for the development of competence in H. influenzae Rd. Features of a gene upstream of H. influenzae crp that is homologous to the E. coli ttk gene are also described. Images PMID:1542653

Chandler, M S

1992-01-01

350

Teaching Systems-Based Competency in Anesthesiology Residency: Development of an Education and Assessment Tool  

PubMed Central

Background The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires programs to educate and evaluate residents in 6 competencies, including systems-based practice. We designed a survey and assessment tool to address the competency as it pertains to anesthetic drug costs in an academic center. Methods Residents, certified registered nurse anesthetists, and faculty were asked to complete an anesthetic drug-cost survey without relying on reference materials. After a combination of compulsory in-class didactic sessions and web-based education, the participants were asked to design an anesthetic, give example cases, and determine costs. The initial task was repeated 1 year later. Results Our preintervention survey revealed that most practitioners knew very little about anesthetic drug costs, regardless of level of training or degree. All residents completed the mandatory online education tool, more than 80% attended the departmental grand rounds program, and 100% met the goal of designing an anesthetic for all cases within the preset price limit. A repeat of the cost estimate produced an improvement in cost estimates with reduction in variability (P < .05, Student unpaired t test), although estimates of volatile anesthetic and reversal agent costs did not achieve significance at the .05 level for any of the 3 cases. Conclusion Introducing a formalized teaching and assessment tool has improved our residents' understanding of anesthetic drug costs, and improved our ability to teach and assess the systems-based practice competency. PMID:21975630

Soto, Roy G.; Cormican, Daniel S.; Gallagher, Christopher J.; Seidman, Peggy A.

2010-01-01

351

Coverage of Competencies in the Curriculum of Information Studies: An International Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the collective judgments of a group of academics from North America, Southeast Asia and the Arabian Gulf region, as well as leading practitioners from the Arabian Gulf region, about the content of graduate degrees in information studies. The participants generally agreed about the content of the curriculum of information studies. The most…

ur Rehman, Sajjad; Al-Ansari, Husain; Yousef, Nibal

2002-01-01

352

78 FR 22527 - Army Science Board Request for Information on Technology and Core Competencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Communications-Electronics Research, Development & Engineering Center...Soldier Research, Development & Engineering Center (NSRDEC); and Tank Automotive Research, Development & Engineering Center...identify which of these technologies must be...

2013-04-16

353

Information and Communication in Lean Product Development  

E-print Network

In this thesis, the implications and influences that information and communication impose on lean product development in general, as well as the development of a lean Product Development Value Stream Display (lean PDVSD) ...

Graebsch, Martin

354

Linking the prevention of problem behaviors and positive youth development: Core competencies for positive youth development and risk prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we present a brief review of the developmental literature linking healthy adjustment to five core competencies: (1) positive sense of self, (2) self- control, (3) decision-making skills, (4) a moral system of belief, and (5) proso- cial connectedness. A central premise of this chapter and the rest of the volume is that promoting mastery of social and

Nancy G. Guerra; Catherine P. Bradshaw

2008-01-01

355

Information systems security design methods: implications for information systems development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The security of information systems is a serious issue because computer abuse is increasing. It is important, therefore, that systems analysts and designers develop expertise in methods for specifying information systems security. The characteristics found in three generations of general information system design methods provide a framework for comparing and understanding current security design methods. These methods include approaches that

RICHAFID BASKERVILLE

1993-01-01

356

Education Competencies: Priority setting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This competency is one in a set of complete functional and behavioral qualities that, when fully realized, can help lead to professional success. This website includes a definition, four levels of proficiency, sample interview questions, activities and resources to develop skills, and examples of overdoing the competency.

Robert Eichinger (Lominger Limited, Inc.)

2003-01-01

357

Assessing and Teaching Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professional Communication Unit (PCU) at the University of Cape Town (UCT) recently conducted a business communication needs analysis to determine student perceptions of their communicative competence and the teaching strategies being used to develop such competence. Students felt that the specialist, stand-alone communication program was more…

Grant, Terri

2004-01-01

358

Recent Developments in Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper summarizes the scientific work presented at the 32nd European Conference on Information Retrieval. It demonstrates\\u000a that information retrieval (IR) as a research area continues to thrive with progress being made in three complementary sub-fields,\\u000a namely IR theory and formal methods together with indexing and query representation issues, furthermore Web IR as a primary\\u000a application area and finally research

Cathal Gurrin; Yulan He; Gabriella Kazai; Udo Kruschwitz; Suzanne Little; Thomas Roelleke; Stefan M. Rüger; Keith van Rijsbergen

2010-01-01

359

Entrepreneurship. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for entrepreneurship. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

360

Electronics. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

361

Carpentry. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

362

Masonry. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for masonry occupations. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

363

Maximizing competence through professional development: increasing disability knowledge among One-Stop Career Center staff.  

PubMed

The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (USA) mandates that partners in the One-Stop Career Center system be prepared to serve a diverse customer base. Effective service delivery depends in part on a focus on human resources and professional development. This article presents innovative strategies for One-Stop Career Center staff training related to serving customers with disabilities. Findings from case study research conducted in several One-Stops across the country revealed that staff struggled with both knowledge and attitudes around disability issues. To address these concerns, local leaders developed practices that provided opportunities to gain practical skills and put acquired knowledge to use. These included a formalized curriculum focused on disability issues; informal support and consultation from a disability specialist; and exposure and learning through internships for students with disabilities. Implications are offered to stimulate thinking and creativity in local One-Stops regarding the most effective ways to facilitate staff learning and, in turn, improve services for customers with disabilities. PMID:16788255

Hall, Allison Cohen; Timmons, Jaimie Ciulla; Boeltzig, Heike; Hamner, Doris; Fesko, Sheila

2006-01-01

364

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Health Agency Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to provide health occupations teachers and state departments of education with information needed to revise and improve the curriculum used in training prospective health occupations teachers and in updating certification requirements for practicing health care professionals. The profile lists the…

Walters, Norma J.

365

How To Compete: The Impact Of Workplace Practices And Information Technology On Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a unique nationally representative sample of businesses, we examine the impact of workplace practices, information technology, and human capital investments on productivity. We estimate an augmented Cobb-Douglas production function with both cross section and panel data covering the period of 1987-1993, using both within and GMM estimators. We find that it is not whether an employer adopts

Sandra E. Black; Lisa M. Lynch

2001-01-01

366

Cultural Competence: A Conceptual Framework for Library and Information Science Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's twenty-first-century library and information science (LIS) professionals are faced with the challenge of a growing population of individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds, many of whom are from minority and underserved populations representing the poorest segments of society with little or no experience with libraries. This article…

Overall, Patricia Montiel

2009-01-01

367

Client-Based Projects and the ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The library literature contains many discussions on problem-based learning as a means of engaging students in instruction and promoting information literacy. A related but relatively unexplored opportunity is available through client-based projects. Using examples from the business education literature, library literature, and the author's…

Holler, Carissa M.

2009-01-01

368

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The role of information ,technology in achieving ,a sustainable ,economy ,for the planet is discussed. The fundamental concern is considered to be ecosystem stress, with the specific, most immediate,threats being in seven ,areas: 1) global warming ,due principally to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emission, 2) problems associated with growing food, 3) water supply and effects ofdiversions, 4) fisheries depletion, 5)

James R. Sheats

1999-01-01

369

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal. Student teachers' responses to questionnaires, peer evaluation guidelines, and interviews provided alternative views about the efficacy of my pedagogy. Data collection and analysis was a hermeneutic and recursive process revealing emergent themes. One theme was that a focus on science content knowledge gave a false sense of confidence and overshadowed our ability to engage in meaningful conversations about learning to teach—a practice challenged through self-study research.

Garbett, Dawn

2011-12-01

370

What Competencies Should Undergraduate Engineering Programs Emphasize? A Dilemma of Curricular Design that Practitioners' Opinions Can Inform.  

E-print Network

??Designing a curriculum is a multifaceted challenge. Issues concerning implementation of the curriculum plan must be considered simultaneously with questions about what competencies students should… (more)

Passow, Honor J.

2008-01-01

371

CLINICAL SITE INFORMATION FORM (CSIF) developed by  

E-print Network

Therapist (PT) and Physical Therapist Assistant (PTA) academic programs to collect information from clinicalCLINICAL SITE INFORMATION FORM (CSIF) developed by APTA Department of Physical Therapy Education Why have a consistent Clinical Site Information Form? The primary purpose of this form is for Physical

Sheridan, Jennifer

372

Information Visualization for Agile Software Development Teams  

E-print Network

Information Visualization for Agile Software Development Teams Julia Paredes Department of Computer.maurer@ucalgary.ca Abstract--Understanding information about software artifacts is key to successful Agile software of a systematic mapping study of existing literature on information visualization techniques used by Agile

Maurer, Frank

373

Competency assessment of nursing staff.  

PubMed

Changes in the healthcare industry have created great challenges for leaders of acute-care organizations. One of the greatest challenges is ensuring a competent nursing staff to care for patients within this changing environment (Boylan & Westra, 1998). Patients are more acutely ill and have shorter lengths of stay, placing greater demands on nurses who must demonstrate competency in caring for increasingly complex patients in a continually changing healthcare environment. Competency is defined as "the knowledge, skills, ability and behaviors that a person possesses in order to perform tasks correctly and skillfully" (O'Shea, 2002, p. 175). Competency assessment involves more than a checklist and a test. Hospitals are required to assess, maintain, demonstrate, track, and improve the competence of the staff. Competency assessment is an ongoing process of initial development, maintenance of knowledge and skills, educational consultation, remediation, and redevelopment. Methods to assess competencies include competency fairs, Performance Based Development System and online programs. Certain key people should be involved in the development of competencies. The department managers can give input related to department-specific competencies. Experienced staff members can provide valuable insight into the competencies that need to be assessed. Educators should be involved for providing the input for the methods used to validate competencies. Competencies are an important part of the work world. They are a part of a continual process to help ensure that the organization provides a high-quality care to its customers and patients. PMID:16735851

Whelan, Lynn

2006-01-01

374

Health Information Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of health information technician, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 14 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general and 6 units specific to the occupation of emergency medical technician. The following…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

375

Report on the Development of the List of Competencies for the National Resource Center for Materials Technology Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Resource Center for Materials Science Education, MatEd, has identified and validated materials-related core competencies on a national level that target both general and materials technicians. The process is described for developing a prioritized list of competencies in the materials area for materials technicians and general technicians along with the results of that process. Topics covered were a) general technical, employability, and professionalism skills, b) mathematics, chemical science, and physical science skills, c) fundamentals of materials technology and materials testing, d) several classes of materials and their processing, e) manufacturing processes, tooling, manufacturing operations, quality management, and f) the effects of defects and manufacturing variations on the behavior and mechanical properties of materials. The results are being used to develop a materials resource center for educational materials to assist educators in associate degree engineering technology programs and in lower division engineering programs. Note: Please scroll to the bottom of the web page to access the full Adobe PDF report.

Cossette, Mel; Mott, Robert L.; Stoebe, Thomas G.

2010-09-08

376

Land Information Systems in Developing Countries  

E-print Network

Land Information Systems in Developing Countries: Bibliography Compiled by: Harlan Onsrud Jeff Acknowledgments Articles on land information systems and cadastral systems in developing countries are spread and Geomatics Engineering at the University of New Brunswick and the Land Tenure Center at the University

California at Santa Barbara, University of

377

A Review of Information Systems Development Methodologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key area affecting library management is the effective and efficient management and development of information systems. The concept of an information systems development methodology (ISDM) is a management approach that has been virtually ignored in the context of library management. Provides a critique of the literature relating to ISDMs with a view to exploring their use by libraries in

S. A. Walters; J. E. Broady; R. J. Hartley

1994-01-01

378

The HRD Competencies as Perceived by the Human Resource Development Professionals in Banks in Cote d'Ivoire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify how Ivorian HRD professionals in banks perceived their current expertise levels of the HRD competencies, and how these professionals perceived the importance of these competencies needed to be successful in their occupations. In addition, this study determined competencies that are perceived to have the…

Konan, Affoue Zitagisele

2010-01-01

379

An Evaluation of "Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum"; A Summer In-Service CBC Staff Development Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum (CBC)," a one-week inservice course was offered to CBC team members from each Washington, D.C., public school during the summer of 1977. It was designed to assist instructional personnel in acquiring the necessary competencies and skills to plan, initiate, and implement competency based curriculum in…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

380

Interactive Development Environments for Information Systems  

PubMed Central

Most medical information systems are interactive information systems, since they provide their users with conversational access to data. The design of an interactive information system requires attention to data design, process design, and user interface design so that the resulting system will be easy to use and reliable. This paper describes some automated tools aimed at assisting software designers and developers in creating interactive information systems, with emphasis on the Software through Pictures environment and the User Software Engineering (USE) methodology.

Wasserman, Anthony I.

1986-01-01

381

Developing Professional Skills in STEM Students: Data Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate STEM students are increasingly expected to have some data use skills upon graduation, whether they pursue post-graduate education or move into industry. This project was an initial foray into the application of data information literacy competencies to training undergraduate students to identify markers of data and information

Zilinski, Lisa D.; Sapp Nelson, Megan; Van Epps, Amy S.

2014-01-01

382

Developing Information Literacy Skills Early in an Undergraduate Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several core competencies related to information literacy have been identified by the Association of College and Research Libraries. Students must learn to gather relevant information and communicate their findings effectively. The collaborative activity described here, which could easily be adapted for other disciplines, introduces first-semester…

Freeman, Edward; Lynd-Balta, Eileen

2010-01-01

383

Basic Competencies for Statistical Work in the Library and Information Science Profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to prepare the reader conceptually and technically to be able to critically read literature that refers to statistically developed results. This article is not intended as a tutorial on how to perform statistical tests but rather an overview of basic definitions and concepts in the context of the research process and library decision making.

Nisa Bakkalbasi

2008-01-01

384

Assessing the Competence of Persons With Alzheimer's Disease in Providing Informed Consent for Participation in Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The capacity of persons with Alzheimer's disease or other neuropsy- chiatric disorders for giving consent to participate in research has come under increasing scrutiny. While instruments for measuring abilities related to capacity have been developed, how they should be used to categorize subjects as capable or incapable is not clear. A criterion vali- dation study was carried out to

Scott Y. H. Kim; Eric D. Caine; Glenn W. Currier; Adrian Leibovici; Michael Ryan

2001-01-01

385

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Teacher Self-Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to assist teachers in evaluating the relevance of the competencies included in the health occupations education curriculum they are teaching and in assessing their own continuing education needs. The profile lists the competencies required of persons working at the following sites: hospital departments…

Walters, Norma J.

386

Engineering Technologies. State Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 397 competencies, grouped into 58 units, for tech prep programs in the engineering technologies cluster. The competencies were developed through collaboration of Ohio business, industry, and labor representatives and secondary and associate degree educators. The competencies are rated either "essential" (necessary to ensure…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

387

Running an Interdisciplinary Competency Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This paper presents a translation of part of a report written by a CRE colleague in Belgium. It concerns the development of a distinctive method of conducting interdisciplinary research, known as a Competency Group. A Competency Group brings together a range of individuals with differing experiences and knowledge of a particular problem. The Competency Group aims to move thinking

Pierre Stassart; Sue Bradley; Andrew Donaldson

388

Longitudinal Associations between Executive Control and Developing Mathematical Competence in Preschool Boys and Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy…

Clark, Caron A. C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly A.

2013-01-01

389

Human Resources for Information Development in Sudan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the state of human resources development in Sudan's information industry. Training problems and the emigration of high level personnel are discussed, guidelines for human resource development are suggested, and national strategies to develop and retain Sudan's human resources are suggested. (EA)

Wesley, Cecile

1992-01-01

390

Loss of Ectodermal Competence for Lateral Line Placode Formation in the Direct Developing Frog Eleutherodactylus coqui  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the direct-developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui neuromasts and ganglia of the lateral line system never develop. We show here that this absence of the lateral line system, which is evolutionarily derived in anurans, is due to very early changes in development. Ectodermal thickenings, which are typical of lateral line placodes, and from which neuromasts and ganglion cells of the lateral

Gerhard Schlosser; Chris Kintner; R. Glenn Northcutt

1999-01-01

391

Co-ordinating Co-operation in Complex Information Flows: A Theoretical Analysis and Empirical Description of Competence-determined Leadership. No. 61.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Scanator" (a modern, ecological psychophysics encompassing a cohesive set of theories and methods for the study of mental functions) provides the basis for a study of "competence," the capacity for making sense in complex situations. The paper develops a functional model that forms a theoretical expression of the phenomenon of leadership. The…

Rasmussen, Ole Elstrup

392

Personnel's Role in Developing an Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article lists and discusses elements in the development and implementation of an employee information system, such as planning and design, types of data required, selecting software, and documentation. (MF)

Simon, Sidney H.

1978-01-01

393

Longitudinal Associations between Executive Control and Developing Mathematical Competence in Preschool Boys and Girls  

PubMed Central

Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy assessments at 3.75 and 4.5 years, and a broad mathematics assessment during kindergarten. Strong associations were observed between latent EC at 3 and mathematics achievement in kindergarten, which remained robust after accounting for earlier informal numeracy, socio-economic status, language and processing speed. Relations between EC and mathematics achievement were stronger in girls than boys. Findings highlight the unique role of EC in predicting which children may have difficulty transitioning to formal mathematics instruction. PMID:23006040

Clark, Caron A.C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly Andrews

2012-01-01

394

Information tool for environmental conservation and sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Samoa, the high population growth competing for a limited natural resource base to support it has slowly become evident. The limits in the capacity of these resources together with excessive pressures on its use develops a much greater need on how we approach a balance between environmental conservation and sustainable development. Natural disasters, which hinder and affect development and

Tagaloa Bismarck Crawley

395

Proceedings of the Towards Competency Seminar. A Seminar on Curriculum Development and Evaluation in Vocational Education in New Zealand (Wellington, New Zealand, August 30-31, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings begin with opening remarks that discuss seminar concerns and objectives. These remarks define two concerns: (1) evaluation of the methods of curriculum development and evaluation appropriate for vocational education in New Zealand; and (2) development of guidelines to assist educators to meet the requirements for competency-based…

Wagner, Graham, Ed.

396

Health Care Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for health care occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from hospitals and other health care providers, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

397

Development and Initial Testing of a Structured Clinical Observation Tool to Assess Pharmacotherapy Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors developed and tested the feasibility and utility of a new direct-observation instrument to assess trainee performance of a medication management session. Methods: The Psychopharmacotherapy-Structured Clinical Observation (P-SCO) instrument was developed based on multiple sources of expertise and then implemented in 4…

Young, John Q.; Lieu, Sandra; O'Sullivan, Patricia; Tong, Lowell

2011-01-01

398

The Labour Market, Graduate Competences and Study Programme Development: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in higher education are taking place in the wider context of globalisation, the Lisbon strategy and within the framework of the Bologna Process. Designing and developing Bologna programmes by taking into account the needs of the economy is a tool for successful quality assurance in higher education and for close cooperation with the…

Sirca, Nada Trunk; Nastav, Bojan; Lesjak, Dusan; Sulcic, Viktorija

2006-01-01

399

Mining and Minerals Technical Advisory Committee on Curriculum Development. Job Clusters, Competencies and Task Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills inventory for mining occupations was developed by a technical committee in Montana to assist in the development of model curricula and to address state labor market needs. The committee included employers from the mining industry, members of trade and professional associations, and educators. The validated task list and defined job…

Northern Montana Coll., Havre. Montana Center for Vocational Education, Research, Curriculum and Personnel Development.

400

Helping Spanish SMEs Staff to Develop Their Competence in Writing Business Letters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the development of a website tool aimed at helping Spanish small and medium enterprises (SMEs) staff to write their commercial correspondence in English. It describes the steps involved in the tool system design process, making an emphasis on the methodological criteria and rational that guided us to develop the site. In…

Foz-Gil, Carmen; Gonzalez-Pueyo, Isabel

2009-01-01

401

Development of a Scale to Assess the Demand for Specific Competences in Teachers after Graduation from University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities in Germany show an increasing need for specific information on professional demands encountered and addressed by graduates training to become teachers. To provide information on demands and abilities in teaching graduates, a specialised teacher module was developed in the framework of the German Cooperation Project for Graduate Tracer…

Landmann, Mareike

2013-01-01

402

Instructor Competencies Needed to Develop Instructional Strategies for Mobile Learning in Fields of Agricultural Education  

E-print Network

Mobile learning is a fast growing form of technology-based learning. The novelty of mobile learning means educators are trying to understand how to develop instruction for this technological medium. A Delphi study was conducted using a panel...

Irby, Travis Lee

2014-02-03

403

INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (IRIS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Industrial Research and Development Information System (IRIS) links an online interface to a historical database with more than 2,500 statistical tables containing all industrial research and development (R&D) data published by NSF since 19...

404

Plant development controls leaf area expansion in alfalfa plants competing for light  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims The growth of crops in a mixture is more variable and difficult to predict than that in pure stands. Light partitioning and crop leaf area expansion play prominent roles in explaining this variability. However, in many crops commonly grown in mixtures, including the forage species alfalfa, the sensitivity and relative importance of the physiological responses involved in the light modulation of leaf area expansion are still to be established. This study was designed to assess the relative sensitivity of primary shoot development, branching and individual leaf expansion in alfalfa in response to light availability. Methods Two experiments were carried out. The first studied isolated plants to assess the potential development of different shoot types and growth periods. The second consisted of manipulating the intensity of competition for light using a range of canopies in pure and mixed stands at two densities so as to evaluate the relative effects on shoot development, leaf growth, and plant and shoot demography. Key Results Shoot development in the absence of light competition was deterministic (constant phyllochrons of 32·5 °Cd and 48·2 °Cd for primary axes and branches, branching probability of 1, constant delay of 1·75 phyllochron before axillary bud burst) and identical irrespective of shoot type and growth/regrowth periods. During light competition experiments, changes in plant development explained most of the plant leaf area variations, with average leaf size contributing to a lesser extent. Branch development and the number of shoots per plant were the leaf area components most affected by light availability. Primary axis development and plant demography were only affected in situations of severe light competition. Conclusions Plant leaf area components differed with regard to their sensitivity to light competition. The potential shoot development model presented in this study could serve as a framework to integrate light responses in alfalfa crop models. PMID:24201140

Baldissera, Tiago Celso; Frak, Ela; Carvalho, Paulo Cesar de Faccio; Louarn, Gaëtan

2014-01-01

405

Competence for Regeneration during Tobacco Internodal Development (Involvement of Plant Age, Cell Elongation Stage, and Degree of Polysomaty).  

PubMed Central

This study deals with internodal development in vegetative plants of Nicotiana tabacum cv Samsun NN and its reflection in changes of the cellular competence for regeneration. During elongation of the internodes, the cells of the epidermis, subepidermis, and cortex exclusively expanded and increased their DNA content cell type specifically, generally from 2C to 4C. Cells with the 8C DNA content were found mainly among the cortex cells of mature internodes. The frequency of shoot regeneration (directly from subepidermal and epidermal cells together) on thin cell layer explants increased to an optimum along with elongation of the internodes and decreased in mature internodes along with aging. The frequencies of diploid shoots among the regenerants from elongating and mature internodes were high (88 and 75% on the average, respectively), indicating that most cells that had achieved the 4C DNA content generally retained the G2 phase of the diploid cell cycle. Shoots regenerated from explants of young plant material mainly had a vitrified appearance. The occurrence of this type of malformed growth was already determined by the physiological state of the cells in the internode and did not interfere with their acquisition of competence. Vitrification was unrelated to the degree of polysomaty of the internodal tissue. Using the occurrence of tetraploid root regenerants (from intermediate cortex-derived callus), up to a frequency of 50%, we show that the position in the plant where a majority of the 4C cortex cells switched to the G1 phase of the tetraploid cell cycle was at the transition from the elongation phase to the mature phase. PMID:12226359

Gilissen, LJW.; Van Staveren, M. J.; Hakkert, J. C.; Smulders, MJM.

1996-01-01

406

Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Acting as part of the European Commission's INNOVATION Programme, the Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) provides information on European Union research, development, and innovation activities to help strengthen the competitiveness of European organizations, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). CORDIS's ten searchable databases covering various news and research publications, EU-funded research programs, and organizational contact and partnership directories are designed to help SMEs find data and funding. An Acronym dictionary of EU research and development terms aids search navigation, and key pages are available in English, French, German, and Italian.

407

Presumed Competence Reflected in the Educational Programs of Students with IDD before and after the Beyond Access Professional Development Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Judgements about students' competence influence the goals of their individualised education programs (IEPs), the location of service delivery, and their placement in general education (GE) as opposed to special education (SE) classes. The purpose of this study was to describe how presumed competence to learn the GE curriculum was…

Jorgensen, Cheryl M.; McSheehan, Michael; Sonnenmeier, Rae M.

2007-01-01

408

Development of a New Valid, Reliable, and Internationally Applicable Assessment Tool of Residents’ Competence in Ophthalmic Surgery (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To test the validity and reliability of a new tool for assessing residents’ competence in ophthalmic surgery. Changing paradigms of ophthalmic education in the United States have influenced worldwide ophthalmic education and necessitated new methods of assessing resident competence. Accordingly, a new tool for assessing residents’ competence in ophthalmic surgery (phacoemulsification) that could be applicable internationally was developed. We hypothesize that this instrument is valid and reliable. Methods: A panel of six international content experts adapted a previously published tool for assessing phacoemulsification. The tool (called the International Council of Ophthalmology’s Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric, or ICO-OSCAR:phaco) was reviewed by 12 international content experts for their constructive comments, which were incorporated to ensure content validity. Ten expert cataract surgery teachers then graded six recorded phacoemulsification surgeries with the ICO-OSCAR:phaco to investigate inter-rater reliability. Results: The coefficient alpha statistic (a measure of reliability/internal consistency) for the ICO-OSCAR:phaco as a whole was 0.92, and 17 of its 20 dimensions had alpha coefficients greater than 0.70. Conclusions: The ICO-OSCAR:phaco is a valid and reliable assessment tool that could be applied internationally to satisfy the global need of new instruments to comply with emerging trends in ophthalmic education. A toolbox of similar surgical competency assessment tools is being developed. PMID:24072944

Golnik, C.; Beaver, Hilary; Gauba, Vinod; Lee, Andrew G.; Mayorga, Eduardo; Palis, Gabriela; Saleh, George M.

2013-01-01

409

Theme: Coping with Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consists of five articles on the topic of competencies in vocational agriculture. Topics covered include (1) competency-based instruction, (2) competencies for agricultural recordkeeping, (3) competencies in hydroponics, and (4) competencies in agribusiness. (CH)

Brown, Daniel; And Others

1989-01-01

410

Development of a Competency-Based Vocational Education IEP Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project completed and field tested the concept of vocational instructors and special educators jointly planning curriculum objectives for the handicapped/special needs learner. The diagnostic-prescriptive individualized education (IEP) model developed at Bloomsburg University (Pennsylvania) or IEP Planner was used. Eight occupational areas were…

Bloomsburg Univ., PA.

411

Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

Paulson, Edward

2011-01-01

412

English as a Lingua Franca and the Development of Pragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing interest in English as a lingua franca (ELF) has resulted in a notable increase in the amount of empirical research that attempts to describe the nature of ELF interactions. This article looks at the pedagogical implications of this research in the wider context of other developments in pedagogical pragmatics. It proposes three types of…

Murray, Neil

2012-01-01

413

"I No Say You Say Is Boring": The Development of Pragmatic Competence in L2 Apology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the number of studies on pragmatic development has been increasing since Kasper and Schmidt's call for more research into this under-researched area (e.g., [Barron, A., 2003. Acquisition in Interlanguage Pragmatics: Learning How to do Things with Words in a Study Abroad Context. Benhamins, Amsterdam; Achiba, M., 2003. Learning to Request in…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2010-01-01

414

Traditional vs. Virtual Learning: Does It Make a Difference? ADELEX--Assessing and Developing Lexical Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents survey data from English Philology students (University of Granada) on a virtual course entitled ADELEX--Assessing and Developing Lexis--which was carried out in 2007-08 to enhance vocabulary acquisition. In the first part of this paper, we briefly offer a description of this second generation virtual course to enhance lexical…

Jaen, Maria Moreno

2009-01-01

415

Entering the Public Health Genomics Era: Why Must Health Educators Develop Genomic Competencies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the completion of the Human Genome Project will offer new insight into diseases and help develop efficient, personalized treatment or prevention programs, it will also raise new and non-trivial public health issues. Many of these issues fall under the professional purview of public health workers. As members of the public health…

Chen, Lei-Shih; Goodson, Patricia

2007-01-01

416

US Urban Teachers' Perspectives of Culturally Competent Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health disparities related to food choices, nutrition behaviours and smoking habits in urban communities in the United States signal the importance of health education (HE) in schools, yet educators in urban communities face unique cultural challenges often unaddressed in professional development (PD). The purpose of this study was to use a…

Flory, Sara B.; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Murphy, Anne; Blum, Barbara; Wisdom, Kimberlydawn

2014-01-01

417

Foundations for Teaching Excellence: Connecting Early Childhood Quality Rating, Professional Development, and Competency Systems in States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving teacher quality in early education is a major part of ensuring young children's school readiness and closing the achievement gap. This is the book decision-makers and administrators need to begin developing coordinated, effective teacher quality systems--ones that not only get teachers ready for the classroom, but also promote continuous…

Howes, Carollee, Ed.; Pianta, Robert C., Ed.

2011-01-01

418

Developing Students' Emotional Competency Using the Classroom-as-Organization Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In management education, the classroom-as-organization (CAO) approach to teaching has been a topic of much discussion and debate. Given the authors' experiences in teaching sport event management, it is known that the CAO approach helps students develop greater self-confidence, greater self- and social awareness, and a greater understanding of…

Sheehan, Beth J.; McDonald, Mark A.; Spence, Kirsty K.

2009-01-01

419

Developing Foreign Language Skills, Competence and Identity through a Collaborative Creative Writing Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of a collaborative creative writing project on identity formation and overall language proficiency development among advanced Hebrew students. In an exercise called "The Zoning Committee", college students created the fictional Israeli-American town of Beit Shemesh, located in northern Michigan. Qualitative data…

Feuer, Avital

2011-01-01

420

The Development of Grammatical Competence through Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the findings of a study which set out to examine the role that consciousness raising (CR) plays in grammatical development in synchronous computer-mediated communication (SCMC). Students participated in weekly SCMC sessions. Spanish L2 forms "por/para" and "ser/estar" were chosen, and the data from two groups--form-and-meaning…

Fiori, Melissa L.

2005-01-01

421

Facilitated Group Mentoring Develops Key Career Competencies for University Women: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the effectiveness of a facilitated group mentoring program for university women. Content analysis across existing sources of data (questionnaires, a focus group, and interviews), collected over the five years of the program's operation (1999-2003), suggested the program helped women to develop three ways of knowing--"knowing…

McCormack, Coralie; West, Damian

2006-01-01

422

First Things First: Developing Academic Competence in the First Year of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perhaps two-thirds of the gains students make in knowledge and cognitive skill development occur in the first 2 years of college (Pascarella, E. T., and Terenzini, P. T. (2005). How college affects students Vol. 2. A third decade of research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass). A significant proportion of the students entering America's colleges and…

Reason, Robert D.; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Domingo, Robert J.

2006-01-01

423

The Development of Basic Competencies for Sustainability in Higher Education: An Educational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing paradigms, which are deeply rooted in our educational systems, are fomenting unsustainable development. For this reason, it is necessary to opt for a style of education that allows university students to be aware of the need to live in a different way and be aware of our absolute dependency on our natural environment. This goal requires…

Hidalgo, Luis Amador; Fuentes, Juan Manuel Arjona

2013-01-01

424

Lost in Lewis Structures: An Investigation of Student Difficulties in Developing Representational Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because Lewis structures provide a direct connection between molecular structure and properties, the ability to construct and use them is an integral component of many chemistry courses. Although a great deal of time and effort has been dedicated to development of "foolproof" rules, students still have problems with the skill. What is more, many…

Cooper, Melanie M.; Grove, Nathaniel; Underwood, Sonia M.; Klymkowsky, Michael W.

2010-01-01

425

Traveling Toward Competence: The California State College Child Development Associate Project. Booklet IV: Training the Trainers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fourth in a series of four booklets describing the Child Development Associate (CDA) Project at the California State College in Pennsylvania, one of the 13 original CDA pilot programs. Topics covered in this booklet include: a rationale for teacher trainer programs; a review of research on the importance of teacher interpersonal…

Campbell, Dorothy Muirhead

426

Measuring Preschool Teachers' Perceived Competency and Knowledge of Oral Language Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has demonstrated the impact of early oral language development on a child's later reading comprehension. Additionally, research has suggested that teachers' knowledge of effective practices in literacy plays an important role in students' ability to learn to read. The problem is that preschool teachers' knowledge of…

Prestwich, Dian Teer

2012-01-01

427

Poultry Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a poultry producer program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

428

Dairy Producer. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for dairy producers. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

429

Machine Trades. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for machine trades. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

430

Diesel Mechanics. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for diesel mechanics. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

431

Development of Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A formal, organized set of information concerning the development status of the Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS) as of September 1976 is provided. A series of computer source language programs, and flow charts related to each of the computer programs to provide greater ease in performing future change are presented. Listings of the variable names, and their meanings, used in the various source code programs, and copies of the various user manuals which were prepared through this time are given.

Herring, B. E.; Vachon, R. I.

1976-01-01

432

Metacognitively competent reading comprehension is constructively responsive reading: how can such reading be developed in students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the metacognitive processes in which good readers engage before, during, and after reading and the\\u000a strategies instruction that fosters these processes. Benchmark School, a school in Media, PA for struggling readers, is provided\\u000a as an example of how a grades 1–8, across-the-curriculum strategies program was developed based on the research of the late\\u000a 1980s and early 1990s

Michael Pressley; Irene W. Gaskins

2006-01-01

433

First Things First: Developing Academic Competence in the First Year of College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps two-thirds of the gains students make in knowledge and cognitive skill development occur in the first 2 years of college\\u000a (Pascarella, E. T., and Terenzini, P. T. (2005). How college affects students Vol. 2. A third decade of research. San Francisco:\\u000a Jossey-Bass). A significant proportion of the students entering America’s colleges and universities, however, never make it\\u000a to their second

Robert D. Reason; Patrick T. Terenzini; Robert J. Domingo

2006-01-01

434

Examining Gender Images, Expectations, and Competence as Perceived Impediments to Personal, Academic and Career Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

My earlier research on the topic has dealt withmedia messages which contribute to the imagesand stereotypes influencing the development ofyoung women and girls. Previous research hasindicated that adolescent girls may becomefocused on appearance and popularity,downplaying their academic ability andcompetence particularly in mathematics and thesciences, with resultant underachievement andavoidance of science-related careers. Thispaper will focus on cross-gender similaritiesand differences, and suggested

Lorraine Wilgosh

2002-01-01

435

Overall Core Competencies for Health 1 Overall Core Competencies for Health  

E-print Network

Overall Core Competencies for Health 1 Overall Core Competencies for Health General Competencies The County Agent providing health information should possess a level of health literacy which will allow them to get, interpret, and understand basic health information and to use that information in ways to enhance

436

Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness in Exercise: The Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development process and initial validation of the Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale (BPNES) are presented in this study. The BPNES is a domain-specific self-report instrument designed to assess perceptions of the extent to which the innate needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness (Deci & Ryan, 2000) are satisfied in exercise.…

Vlachopoulos, Symeon P.; Michailidou, Sotiria

2006-01-01

437

Results of the "Aprender a Convivir" Program for Development of Social Competence and Prevention of Antisocial Behavior in Four-Year-Old Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is the result of implementing an antisocial behavior prevention program in preschool education. The intervention goal was to prevent the emergence of antisocial behaviors through developing social competence in the participants. The program, called "Aprender a Convivir", is divided into four modules by topic: rules and…

Benitez, Juan L.; Fernandez, Maria; Justicia, Fernando; Fernandez, Eduardo; Justicia, Ana

2011-01-01

438

The Efficiency of the University Teaching and Learning Training Program (UTL) on Developing the Teaching Competencies of the Teaching Staff at Imam University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at presenting the University Teaching and Learning training program UTL and determining the efficiency of the UTL on developing the teaching competencies of the teaching staff at Imam University in Saudi Arabia. The results revealed that there were statistically significant differences between the performance of the training group…

AlRweithy, Eman; Alsaleem, Basma Issa

2014-01-01

439

Developing a Consensus-Driven, Core Competency Model to Shape Future Audio Engineering Technology Curriculum: A Web-Based Modified Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this online study was to create a ranking of essential core competencies and technologies required by AET (audio engineering technology) programs 10 years in the future. The study was designed to facilitate curriculum development and improvement in the rapidly expanding number of small to medium sized audio engineering technology…

Tough, David T.

2009-01-01

440

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

441

Cognitive Testing with Female Nutrition and Education Assistance Program Participants Informs Validity of the Satter Eating Competence Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Examine the validity of a self-report measure of eating competence with low-income women. Methods: Twenty-five females (18-49 years old) recruited from low-income venues in Pennsylvania completed cognitive testing through an iterative interview process. Respondents' oral responses were compared to researchers' intended meaning of…

Krall, Jodi Stotts; Lohse, Barbara

2010-01-01

442

Reflections on collaboration: learning outcomes and information literacy assessment in the business curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Develops a model whereby information literacy competencies are formally adopted as learning outcomes for an undergraduate business curriculum. The information competencies are some of the mission driven competencies developed by a College of Business Administration at a regional university in keeping with the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business standards. In one class, develops an assessment instrument to measure

Ann M. Fiegen; Bennett Cherry; Kathleen Watson

2002-01-01

443

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

444

75 FR 71787 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development (OID) project activities...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

2010-11-24

445

75 FR 41919 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development (OID) project activities...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

2010-07-19

446

75 FR 29600 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/ cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development Project activities and the...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

2010-05-26

447

75 FR 10545 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development Project activities and the...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

2010-03-08

448

IDEAL: A methology for developing information systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As a result of improved capabilities obtained through current computer technologies, application programs and expert systems, Enterprises are being designed or upgraded to be highly integrated and automated information systems. To design or modify Enterprises, it is necessary to first define what functions are to be performed within the Enterprise, identify which functions are potential candidates for automation, and what automated or expert systems are available, or must be developed, to accomplish the selected function. Second, it is necessary to define and analyze the informational requirements for each function along with the informational relationships among the functions so that a database structure can be established to support the Enterprise. To perform this type of system design, an integrated set of analysis tools is required to support the information analysis process. The IDEAL (Integrated Design and Engineering Analysis Languages) methodology provides this integrated set of tools and is discussed.

Evers, Ken H.; Bachert, Robert F.

1988-01-01

449

Strategy?based development of teacher educators' ICT competence through a co?operative staff development project  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ICT strategy and an implementation plan for teacher education were created in a co?operative process. Visions and expectations of staff members and students were registered by questionnaires and by making notes during sessions in which the strategy was created. Thereafter, an implementation document, where the staff development programme and plans of how to develop ICT infrastructure and to integrate

Jari Lavonen; Matti Lattu; Kalle Juuti; Veijo Meisalo

2006-01-01

450

The Assessment of Professional Standard Competence of Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the level of competence needed for teachers of the visually impaired. The assessment was based on Professional Standard Competence developed by the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) for special education teachers in 2001. The researchers used questionnaires to acquire information about 190 South Korean…

Lee, Hae-Gyun; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Kang, Jong-Gu

2008-01-01

451

Simulation model development in information security education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The value of modeling and simulation for education, training, and testing in information security has been documented in several studies. In this paper, we suggest that it is important not only to include the general use of simulation in various courses of the security curriculum, but also to include the theory and development of simulation models. We describe briefly the

Jose M. Garrido; Tridib Bandyopadhyay

2009-01-01

452

Teaching Information Systems Development via Process Variants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acquiring the knowledge to assemble an integrated Information System (IS) development process that is tailored to the specific needs of a project has become increasingly important. It is therefore necessary for educators to impart to students this crucial skill. However, Situational Method Engineering (SME) is an inherently complex process that…

Tan, Wee-Kek; Tan, Chuan-Hoo

2010-01-01

453

Developing the National Communications and Information Infrastructure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of developing a national communications and information infrastructure to meet short-term needs. The Electronic Frontier Foundation's Open Platform Proposal, based on ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) is described, and recommendations for public policy criteria for evaluating infrastructure proposals are included.…

Kapor, Mitchell; Weitzner, Daniel J.

1993-01-01

454

Traveling Toward Competence: The California State College Child Development Associate Project. Booklet III: Documentation and Assessment of Competence--A Personalized Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third in a series of four booklets describing the Child Development Associate (CDA) Project at the California State College in Pennsylvania, one of the 13 original CDA pilot programs. This booklet describes a self-assessment program to be used as a stimulus for the development of a training plan and includes the following sections:…

Campbell, Dorothy Muirhead; And Others

455

Masonry. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) for masonry occupations contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

456

Lhx2 Balances Progenitor Maintenance with Neurogenic Output and Promotes Competence State Progression in the Developing Retina  

PubMed Central

The LIM-Homeodomain transcription factor Lhx2 is an essential organizer of early eye development and is subsequently expressed in retinal progenitor cells (RPCs). To determine its requirement in RPCs, we performed a temporal series of conditional inactivations in mice with the early RPC driver Pax6 ?-Cre and the tamoxifen-inducible Hes1CreERT2 driver. Deletion of Lhx2 caused a significant reduction of the progenitor population and a corresponding increase in neurogenesis. Precursor fate choice correlated with the time of inactivation; early and late inactivation led to the overproduction of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and rod photoreceptors, respectively. In each case, however, the overproduction was selective, occurring at the expense of other cell types and indicating a role for Lhx2 in generating cell type diversity. RPCs that persisted in the absence of Lhx2 continued to generate RGC precursors beyond their normal production window, suggesting that Lhx2 facilitates a transition in competence state. These results identify Lhx2 as a key regulator of RPC properties that contribute to the ordered production of multiple cell types during retinal tissue formation. PMID:23884928

Gordon, Patrick J.; Yun, Sanghee; Clark, Anna M.; Monuki, Edwin S.; Murtaugh, L. Charles

2013-01-01

457

75 FR 57102 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting; Correction AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2010-09-17

458

Factors in the Development of Clinical Informatics Competence in Early Career Health Sciences Professionals in Australia: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a qualitative study investigating how Australian health professionals may be developing and deploying essential clinical informatics capabilities in the first 5 years of their professional practice. It explores the experiences of four professionals in applying what they have learned formally and informally during their…

Gray, Kathleen; Sim, Jenny

2011-01-01

459

Prototype Training Program for the Preparation of Curriculum Consultants for Exceptional Children. Instructor's Manual for Module 7.0: Developing/Instruction. Competencies 7.1 through 7.4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part 7 of a series of 13 instructor's manuals for the competency based training of curriculum consultants for exceptional children focuses on the development of instruction. Four competencies are considered: (1) that a curriculum consultant should be capable of developing a familiarity with the current literature on institutional practices for…

Meyen, Edward L.; Altman, Reuben

460

Development, Validation, and Utility of an Instrument to Assess Core Competencies in the Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental and Related Disabilities (LEND) Program.  

PubMed

To describe the development and psychometric evaluation of the Core Competency Measure (CCM), an instrument designed to assess professional competencies as defined by the Maternal Child Health Bureau (MCHB) and targeted by Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental and Related Disabilities (LEND) programs. The CCM is a 44-item self-report measure comprised of six subscales to assess clinical, interdisciplinary, family-centered/cultural, community, research, and advocacy/policy competencies. The CCM was developed in an iterative fashion through participatory action research, and then nine cohorts of LEND trainees (N = 144) from 14 different disciplines completed the CCM during the first week of the training program. A 6-factor confirmatory factor analysis model was fit to data from the 44 original items. After three items were removed, the model adequately fit the data (comparative fit indices = .93, root mean error of approximation = .06) with all factor loadings exceeding .55. The measure was determined to be quite reliable as adequate internal consistency and test-retest reliability were found for each subscale. The instrument's construct validity was supported by expected differences in self-rated competencies among fellows representing various disciplines, and the convergent validity was supported by the pattern of inter-correlations between subscale scores. The CCM appears to be a reliable and valid measure of MCHB core competencies for our sample of LEND trainees. It provides an assessment of key training areas addressed by the LEND program. Although the measure was developed within only one LEND Program, with additional research it has the potential to serve as a standardized tool to evaluate the strengths and limitations of MCHB training, both within and between programs. PMID:24907024

Leff, Stephen S; Baum, Katherine T; Bevans, Katherine B; Blum, Nathan J

2015-02-01

461

Information for Innovation and Socioeconomic Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation reviews and extends the results of a workshop held in Florence, Italy in June 2013. This was the latest in a series of workshops on the 'Socioeconomic Benefits of Environmental Information'. The focus of this workshops included: 1. Information (Earth Observation, geospatial data, community generated data) as a driver for economic and social development, including measures of well-being that move beyond GDP as an indicator 2. Economic impact of innovations stemming from Open Data and the re-use of Public Sector Information 3. Importance of communications to reach across disciplines from scientists to citizen-scientists to end-users. Keynote addresses highlighted the state of the art, in this multi-disciplinary field and introduced the three themes above. The workshop included several panel discussions addressing key approaches to analyzing and understanding socioeconomic impacts. . This presentation extracts the key elements from the discussions and analyzes paths forward for improved impact assessments.

Pearlman, F.; Stewart, M. A.

2013-12-01

462

Information spreading and development of cultural centers.  

PubMed

The historical interplay between societies is governed by many factors, including in particular the spreading of languages, religion, and other symbolic traits. Cultural development, in turn, is coupled to the emergence and maintenance of information spreading. Strong centralized cultures exist due to attention from their members, whose faithfulness in turn relies on the supply of information. Here we discuss a culture evolution model on a planar geometry that takes into account aspects of the feedback between information spreading and its maintenance. Features of the model are highlighted by comparing it to cultural spreading in ancient and medieval Europe, where it suggests in particular that long-lived centers should be located in geographically remote regions. PMID:23004830

Dybiec, Bart?omiej; Mitarai, Namiko; Sneppen, Kim

2012-05-01

463

Development of a flexible higher education curriculum framework for geographic information science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A wide range of geographic information science (GIScience) educational programs currently exist, the oldest now over 25 years. Offerings vary from those specifically focussed on geographic information science, to those that utilise geographic information systems in various applications and disciplines. Over the past two decades, there have been a number of initiatives to design curricula for GIScience, including the NCGIA Core Curriculum, GIS&T Body of Knowledge and the Geospatial Technology Competency Model developments. The rapid developments in geospatial technology, applications and organisations means that curricula need to constantly be updated and developed to maintain currency and relevance. This paper reviews the curriculum initiatives and outlines a new and flexible GIScience higher education curriculum framework which complements and utilises existing curricula. This new framework was applied to the GIScience programs at Curtin University in Perth, Australia which has surpassed 25 years of GIScience education. Some of the results of applying this framework are outlined and discussed.

Veenendaal, B.

2014-04-01

464

Cell development obeys maximum Fisher information  

E-print Network

Eukaryotic cell development has been optimized by natural selection to obey maximal intracellular flux of messenger proteins. This, in turn, implies maximum Fisher information on angular position about a target nuclear pore complex (NPR). The cell is simply modeled as spherical, with cell membrane (CM) diameter 10 micron and concentric nuclear membrane (NM) diameter 6 micron. The NM contains about 3000 nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Development requires messenger ligands to travel from the CM-NPC-DNA target binding sites. Ligands acquire negative charge by phosphorylation, passing through the cytoplasm over Newtonian trajectories toward positively charged NPCs (utilizing positive nuclear localization sequences). The CM-NPC channel obeys maximized mean protein flux F and Fisher information I at the NPC, with first-order delta I = 0 and approximate 2nd-order delta I = 0 stability to environmental perturbations. Many of its predictions are confirmed, including the dominance of protein pathways of from 1-4 proteins, a 4nm size for the EGFR protein and the approximate flux value F =10^16 proteins/m2-s. After entering the nucleus, each protein ultimately delivers its ligand information to a DNA target site with maximum probability, i.e. maximum Kullback-Liebler entropy HKL. In a smoothness limit HKL approaches IDNA/2, so that the total CM-NPC-DNA channel obeys maximum Fisher I. Thus maximum information approaches non-equilibrium, one condition for life.

B. R. Frieden; R. A. Gatenby

2014-04-29

465

Assessing Romantic Competence in Adolescence: The Romantic Competence Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents preliminary psychometric data on the reliability and validity of the newly developed Romantic Competence Interview (RCI). The RCI is an interviewer-assessed measure designed to assess competence among adolescents regardless of romantic relationship status. Eighty-three early adolescent girls (m age = 13.45 years) recruited…

Davila, Joanne; Steinberg, Sara J.; Miller, Melissa Ramsay; Stroud, Catherine B.; Starr, Lisa R.; Yoneda, Athena

2009-01-01

466

Development of an equine-tropic replication-competent lentivirus assay for equine infectious anemia virus-based lentiviral vectors.  

PubMed

The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical "equine-tropic" RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

Farley, Daniel C; Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A; Evans, Nerys E; Miskin, James E; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A

2012-10-01

467

Development of an Equine-Tropic Replication-Competent Lentivirus Assay for Equine Infectious Anemia Virus-Based Lentiviral Vectors  

PubMed Central

Abstract The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical “equine-tropic” RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A.; Evans, Nerys E.; Miskin, James E.; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A.

2012-01-01

468

A Needs Assessment Informs Development of a Participatory Research Faculty Development Workshop  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University-based researchers are finding they need a new set of skills to collaborate meaningfully with non-academic research partners, and to compete for funding opportunities that require community and end-user partnerships. This article describes a needs assessment conducted to develop a participatory research faculty development workshop at…

Salsberg, Jon; Seller, Robbyn; Shea, Laura; Macaulay, Ann C.

2012-01-01

469

Competencies of Student Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competent student leaders' actions derive from personal values, beliefs, skills, and goals. Leaders need to know themselves well and act consistently with regard to their value systems to earn followers' trust. Kennesaw State College (Georgia) combines the components and stages of student leadership in a framework for developing leadership…

Breeze-Mead, Alison

1991-01-01

470

Ohio Biotechnology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which lists the biotechnology competencies identified by representatives from biotechnology businesses and industries as well as secondary and post-secondary educators throughout Ohio, is intended to assist individuals and organizations in developing college tech prep programs that will prepare students from secondary through…

Miller, Lavonna; Bowermeister, Bob; Boudreau, Joyce

471

Plastics Technical Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended to assist individuals responsible for developing tech prep programs, lists the occupational, academic, and employability competencies that representatives from education, business/industry, and labor throughout Ohio have identified as being necessary for employment in technician-level positions involving the…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

472

Competencies in the Heartland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although many of the issues facing community colleges are similar, rural community colleges face additional leadership challenges due to limited resources, geographic isolation, and static economies. This chapter focuses on the impact of location on the interpretation and development of the leadership competencies. The chapter concludes with…

Cejda, Brent

2012-01-01

473

National Centre of Competence  

E-print Network

the NCCR North- South deal with aspects of sustainable development. Due to the normative dimensionNational Centre of Competence in Research North-South Joint Areas of Case Studies: East Africa Horn of Africa West Africa South-East Asia South Asia Central Asia Central America and Caribbean South America

Richner, Heinz

474

National Centre of Competence  

E-print Network

National Centre of Competence in Research North-South Joint Areas of Case Studies: East Africa Horn of Africa West Africa South-East Asia South Asia Central Asia Central America and Caribbean South America of the inte- grative approach envisaged by the JACS and its com- mitment to more sustainable development

Richner, Heinz

475

Holistic Competence: Putting Judgements First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional practice can be conceptualised holistically, and in fact during the 1990s the "Australian model" of integrated or holistic competence emerged empirically. This piece outlines that story, and then develops a more rigorous conceptual analysis of what it is to make competent practical judgements, through inferences, in context-specific…

Beckett, David

2008-01-01

476

Key Skills and Competencies. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains three papers on key skills and competencies and human resource development (HRD). "Career Related Competencies" (Marinka A.C.T. Kuijpers) reports findings from surveys completed by Dutch employees who identified these issues: self-reflection is more important than career control; age and gender influence attitude toward…

2002

477

Competencies for Articulation: Procedures Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies for Articulation materials have been developed by public schools, an educational district, and a community college in Nebraska to help vocational education students progress from one level of educational training to another and to employment. Their progress is to be measured by "competencies," each of which has three parts: (1) a…

Southeast Community Coll., Lincoln, NE.

478

Communication Competence for Ongoing Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to facilitate increased communication competencies of partners in two-person, relatively long-term relationships, the Communicating as a Couple workshop was developed and tested to provide knowledge of specific and useful competencies, along with a rationale, a supportive environment, feedback, and motivation. The four 90-minute exercise…

Buley, Jerry L.

479

Practical Nursing. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for practical nursing. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

480

Agriculture Products Processing. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

481

Establishing Essential Competencies for Program Evaluators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a comprehensive taxonomy of essential competencies for program evaluators. First, the authors provide a rationale for developing evaluator competencies, along with a brief history of the initial development and validation of the taxonomy of essential evaluator competencies in King, Stevahn, Ghere, and Minnema (2001). Second,…

Stevahn, Laurie; King, Jean A.; Ghere, Gail; Minnema, Jane

2005-01-01

482

Meat Processor. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for meat processing occupations. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency builders…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

483

Environmental Management. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

484

Marketing Management. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

485

Medical Assistant. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

486

Dental Assistant. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

487

Industrial Maintenance. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for industrial maintenance occupations. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

488

Geographic Information Systems and Web Page Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Facilities Engineering and Architectural Branch is responsible for the design and maintenance of buildings, laboratories, and civil structures. In order to improve efficiency and quality, the FEAB has dedicated itself to establishing a data infrastructure based on Geographic Information Systems, GIs. The value of GIS was explained in an article dating back to 1980 entitled "Need for a Multipurpose Cadastre which stated, "There is a critical need for a better land-information system in the United States to improve land-conveyance procedures, furnish a basis for equitable taxation, and provide much-needed information for resource management and environmental planning." Scientists and engineers both point to GIS as the solution. What is GIS? According to most text books, Geographic Information Systems is a class of software that stores, manages, and analyzes mapable features on, above, or below the surface of the earth. GIS software is basically database management software to the management of spatial data and information. Simply put, Geographic Information Systems manage, analyze, chart, graph, and map spatial information. At the outset, I was given goals and expectations from my branch and from my mentor with regards to the further implementation of GIs. Those goals are as follows: (1) Continue the development of GIS for the underground structures. (2) Extract and export annotated data from AutoCAD drawing files and construct a database (to serve as a prototype for future work). (3) Examine existing underground record drawings to determine existing and non-existing underground tanks. Once this data was collected and analyzed, I set out on the task of creating a user-friendly database that could be assessed by all members of the branch. It was important that the database be built using programs that most employees already possess, ruling out most AutoCAD-based viewers. Therefore, I set out to create an Access database that translated onto the web using Internet Explorer as the foundation. After some programming, it was possible to view AutoCAD files and other GIS-related applications on Internet Explorer, while providing the user with a variety of editing commands and setting options. I was also given the task of launching a divisional website using Macromedia Flash and other web- development programs.

Reynolds, Justin

2004-01-01

489

Competing Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In general it can be assumed that there exists a potential market for TPV systems anywhere that an electrical power source\\u000a is required. Hence, in order to identify suitable TPV applications, this chapter reviews other deployed and emerging electricity\\u000a generating technologies.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a In TPV literature, competing technologies discussed have included internal heat engine generators , solar PV systems, electro-chemical\\u000a cells and

Thomas Bauer

490

An Update of ADELEX: Developing the Lexical Competence of Spanish University Students through ICT in the ESHE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational experience related over the following pages is the result of several research projects undertaken after an evaluation of the vocabulary size of final year English philology students at the University of Granada (Spain), who were found to have a significant deficiency in their lexical competence. In view of the results obtained,…

Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Carmen Perez

2010-01-01

491

Developing Cultural Competency in Adult Pre-Service Teachers Helps Diverse Learners: Graduates' Perspectives in the United States of America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the results of an electronic survey and two focus groups that included former Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT), students who took a required multicultural education course. As instructors in a pre-service teaching program for adult learners, we used a matrix of relevant materials to promote cultural competency within the…

Lonnquist, Peg; RB-Banks, Yvonne; Huber, Katie

2009-01-01

492

A brief method for assessing social development: Structure, reliability, stability, and developmental validity of the Interpersonal Competence Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Interpersonal Competence Scale (ICS-T) is a set of brief rating scales for teachers and parents. It consists of 18 items that assess social and behavioral characteristics of children and youths. The ICS-T yields three primary factors: AGG (argues, trouble at school, fights), POP (popular with boys, popular with girls, lots of friends), and ACA (spelling, math). Subsidiary factors include

Robert B. Cairns; Man-Chi Leung; Scott D. Gest; Beverley D. Cairns

1995-01-01

493

Designing and Evaluating an Interactive Multimedia Web-Based Simulation for Developing Nurses’ Competencies in Acute Nursing Care: Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Web-based learning is becoming an increasingly important instructional tool in nursing education. Multimedia advancements offer the potential for creating authentic nursing activities for developing nursing competency in clinical practice. Objective This study aims to describe the design, development, and evaluation of an interactive multimedia Web-based simulation for developing nurses’ competencies in acute nursing care. Methods Authentic nursing activities were developed in a Web-based simulation using a variety of instructional strategies including animation video, multimedia instructional material, virtual patients, and online quizzes. A randomized controlled study was conducted on 67 registered nurses who were recruited from the general ward units of an acute care tertiary hospital. Following a baseline evaluation of all participants’ clinical performance in a simulated clinical setting, the experimental group received 3 hours of Web-based simulation and completed a survey to evaluate their perceptions of the program. All participants were re-tested for their clinical performances using a validated tool. Results The clinical performance posttest scores of the experimental group improved significantly (P<.001) from the pretest scores after the Web-based simulation. In addition, compared to the control group, the experimental group had significantly higher clinical performance posttest scores (P<.001) after controlling the pretest scores. The participants from the experimental group were satisfied with their learning experience and gave positive ratings for the quality of the Web-based simulation. Themes emerging from the comments about the most valuable aspects of the Web-based simulation include relevance to practice, instructional strategies, and fostering problem solving. Conclusions Engaging in authentic nursing activities using interactive multimedia Web-based simulation can enhance nurses’ competencies in acute care. Web-based simulations provide a promising educational tool in institutions where large groups of nurses need to be trained in acute nursing care and accessibility to repetitive training is essential for achieving long-term retention of clinical competency. PMID:25583029

Wong, Lai Fun; Chan, Sally Wai-Chi; Ho, Jasmine Tze Yin; Mordiffi, Siti Zubaidah; Ang, Sophia Bee Leng; Goh, Poh Sun; Ang, Emily Neo Kim

2015-01-01

494

77 FR 13172 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...of ongoing SSA FY 2012 OIS Development project and research activities...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Chair...

2012-03-05

495

Effects of urban information and communication technology on sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the urban information and communication technology and its impacts on sustainable development. The findings are based on the views represented in literature and the relationship between information and communication technology and sustainability in urban development. Therefore, information and communication technology as the main component of the information society should be taken into consideration in sustainable development. In

M. Navabakhsh; M. Motlaq

2009-01-01

496

Strategies to Promote Cultural Competence in Distance Education.  

PubMed

Cultural competence is a mainstay in health care and nursing education. With the expansion in the number of distance-based nursing programs across the country, innovative teaching methods for distance learning faculty are required to instill cultural competence in students. Faculty must be deliberate when planning distance-based learning activities that incorporate cultural experiences. This article describes several such strategies including the creative use of blogging, recorded lectures, the online synchronous classroom, social media, and cultural immersion projects. These methods capitalize on existing information technologies and offer distance-based students the opportunity to connect with one another, as well as develop the awareness, sensitivity, and respect that is required when providing culturally competent care. These teaching methods are modifiable to meet the teaching and learning needs of the faculty and the students, thereby allowing educators to support the integration of cultural competence into patient care for distance students. PMID:25122626

Arbour, Megan; Kaspar, Rita W; Teall, Alice M

2014-08-12

497

A novel immune competent murine hypertrophic scar contracture model: A tool to elucidate disease mechanism and develop new therapies.  

PubMed

Hypertrophic scar (HSc) contraction following burn injury causes contractures. Contractures are painful and disfiguring. Current therapies are marginally effective. To study pathogenesis and develop new therapies, a murine model is needed. We have created a validated immune-competent murine HSc model. A third-degree burn was created on dorsum of C57BL/6 mice. Three days postburn, tissue was excised and grafted with ear skin. Graft contraction was analyzed and tissue harvested on different time points. Outcomes were compared with human condition to validate the model. To confirm graft survival, green fluorescent protein (GFP) mice were used, and histologic analysis was performed to differentiate between ear and back skin. Role of panniculus carnosus in contraction was analyzed. Cellularity was assessed with 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole. Collagen maturation was assessed with Picro-sirius red. Mast cells were stained with Toluidine blue. Macrophages were detected with F4/80 immune. Vascularity was assessed with CD31 immune. RNA for contractile proteins was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Elastic moduli of skin and scar tissue were analyzed using a microstrain analyzer. Grafts contracted to ?45% of their original size by day 14 and maintained their size. Grafting of GFP mouse skin onto wild-type mice, and analysis of dermal thickness and hair follicle density, confirmed graft survival. Interestingly, hair follicles disappeared after grafting and regenerated in ear skin configuration by day 30. Radiological analysis revealed that panniculus carnosus doesn't contribute to contraction. Microscopic analyses showed that grafts show increase in cellularity. Granulation tissue formed after day 3. Collagen analysis revealed increases in collagen maturation over time. CD31 stain revealed increased vascularity. Macrophages and mast cells were increased. qRT-PCR showed up-regulation of transforming growth factor beta, alpha smooth muscle actin, and rho-associated protein kinase 2 in HSc. Tensile testing revealed that human skin and scar tissues are tougher than mouse skin and scar tissues. PMID:25327261

Ibrahim, Mohamed Magdy; Bond, Jennifer; Bergeron, Andrew; Miller, Kyle J; Ehanire, Tosan; Quiles, Carlos; Lorden, Elizabeth R; Medina, Manuel A; Fisher, Mark; Klitzman, Bruce; Selim, M Angelica; Leong, Kam W; Levinson, Howard

2014-11-01

498

Assessing prescribing competence  

PubMed Central

Prescribing of medicines is the key clinical activity in the working life of most doctors. In recent years, a broad consensus regarding the necessary competencies has been achieved. Each of these is a complex mix of knowledge, judgement and skills. Surveys of those on the threshold of their medical careers have revealed widespread lack of confidence in writing prescriptions. A valid and reliable assessment of prescribing competence, separate from an overall assessment of medical knowledge and skill, would have many benefits for clinical governance and patient safety, and would provide a measure of the success of training programmes in therapeutics. Delivering such an assessment presents many challenges, not least of which are the difficulty in identifying a surrogate marker for competent prescribing in clinical practice and the challenge of ensuring that competence assessed in a controlled environment predicts performance in clinical practice. This review makes the case for an on-line OSCE as the most valid form of assessment and sets out the requirements for its development, scope, composition and delivery. It describes an on-going attempt to develop a national assessment of prescribing skills towards the end of undergraduate medical training in the UK. PMID:22114902

Mucklow, John; Bollington, Lynne; Maxwell, Simon

2012-01-01

499

Competence and Competence Frameworks in Career Guidance: Complex and Contested Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers some of the debates surrounding the term competence and the relevance that these have for the development of competence frameworks. Such frameworks are increasingly on the agenda, since they purport to support training programme development, to identify competence gaps, to promote self-development, and to ensure common…

Sultana, Ronald G.

2009-01-01

500

Human–information interaction research and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information field continues to evolve rapidly as digital technology changes the very nature of information and how people interact with each other and with information. This article argues that the past 30 years have seen a shift from distinct emphases on information, individual people, and specific technologies to emphases on the interactions among more diverse forms and amounts of information,

Gary Marchionini

2008-01-01