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1

Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

2

Business Competence of Information Technology Professionals: Conceptual Development and Influence on IT-Business Partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aims at improving our understanding of the concept of the business competence of information technology professionals and at exploring the contribution of this competence to the development of partnerships between IT professionals and their business clients. Business competence focuses on the areas of knowledge that are not specifically IT-related. At a broad level, it comprises the organization-specific knowledge

Geneviève Bassellier; Izak Benbasat

2004-01-01

3

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

4

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

5

A review of informal learning literature, theory and implications for practice in developing global professional competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informal learning's roots emerged from educational philosophers John Dewey, Kurt Lewin and Mary Parker Follett to theorists Malcolm Knowles and other successive researchers. This paper explores the background and definitions of informal learning and applications to the global workplace. Informal learning's challenges are applied to developing global professional competence, including theory, practice and policy implications. The paper argues that informal

Thomas J. Conlon

2004-01-01

6

Competing Through Information Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the competition between sellers who choose how much information to provide to potential buyers. We analyse the symmetric equilibria in information provision of a game in which two sellers with unit supplies compete to attract two buyers with unit demands. Sellers compete ex ante; they commit to a level of information provision and to a sale mechanism

Jean Guillaume Forand

2007-01-01

7

Measuring Personal Information Competency for Organizational Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Measurement Model for Personal Information Competency was developed to measure individual information competency in an enterprise of the information environment. The model measures the requirements of information technology knowledge, the capability of information application, the potential for individual information capability, and information mindset with four measurement domains extracted from the components of competency. The questionnaire survey for measurement items

Chui Young Yoon; Chui Young

2005-01-01

8

Competency and Informed Consent: Papers and Other Materials Developed for the Workshop 'Empirical Research on Informed Consent with Subjects of Uncertain Competence'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The workshop on 'Empirical Research on Informed Consent with Subjects of Uncertain Competence' had as its goals: (1) evaluating the current status of empirical research about competence and informed consent; (2) identifying and targeting problem areas in ...

N. Reatig

1981-01-01

9

Core Competencies in Information Management Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses core competencies in library and information science and in information systems to use as a background for an examination of core competencies in information management. Suggests a set of core competencies and educational outcomes that might be applied to curricula in both developed and developing countries. (Author/LRW)

Gorman, G. E.; Corbitt, B. J.

2002-01-01

10

Competence maps for the information service industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary aim of this paper is to construct competence maps for the information service industry. Starting with a review of the literature related to the information service industry and the competence in this industry, this study defined a pool of competence items and developed a questionnaire for field survey. Based on the data collected from the information service companies

Ying-Wei Shih; Ya-Ling Wu; Yi-Shun Wang; Yu-Min Wang

2009-01-01

11

Core competencies in information management education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Core competencies have long been discussed and developed in the literature of library science education and information systems education. However, for information management, a blending of these two disciplines, there has been much less discussion of core competencies. The purpose of this paper is to consolidate the sparse literature on information management educational competencies and to suggest a set of

G. E. Gorman; B. J. Corbitt

2002-01-01

12

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

13

Information literacy: instrument development to measure competencies and knowledge among nursing educators, nursing administrators, and nursing clinicians: a pilot study.  

PubMed

This poster describes a pilot study conducted to establish validity and reliability of an instrument that will be used in a nationwide needs assessment, implemented to identify gaps in Information Literacy skills, competencies, and knowledge among key nursing groups nationally. Data and information gathered using the tool will guide the profession in developing appropriate education and continuing education programs to close identified gaps and enhance nurses' readiness for Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). PMID:14728475

Pierce, Susan; Pravikoff, Diane; Tanner, Annelle B

2003-01-01

14

Information Literacy: Instrument Development to Measure Competencies and Knowledge Among Nursing Educators, Nursing Administrators, and Nursing Clinicians: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

This poster describes a pilot study conducted to establish validity and reliability of an instrument that will be used in a nationwide needs assessment, implemented to identify gaps in Information Literacy skills, competencies, and knowledge among key nursing groups nationally. Data and information gathered using the tool will guide the profession in developing appropriate education and continuing education programs to close identified gaps and enhance nurses’ readiness for Evidence-Based Practice (EBP).

Pierce, Susan; Pravikoff, Diane; Tanner, Annelle

2003-01-01

15

Information Competencies: A Strategic Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will discuss the need to integrate information competencies into engineering programs at the curriculum level. To support this argument, the various opportunities for library instruction available in academic libraries (and the relative effectiveness of each) will be reviewed. It will be argued that the most effective of these is curriculum-integrated instruction, which is competency based and strategic in

Honora F. Nerz; Suzanne T. Weiner

2001-01-01

16

Organisational learning and competence development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the formulation of a framework for understanding the development and change of the competences of firms. Today, there is near universal agreement that the competitiveness of firms rests on the (core) competences that firms possess. However, little attention has been devoted to the notion of competence development. In the paper, it will be argued that

Anders Drejer

2000-01-01

17

Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." Courses structured in such a way create student-centered learning environments where inquiry is the norm, problem solving becomes the focus, and thinking critically is part of the process. Such learning environments require information literacy competencies. The competencies presented here outline the process by which faculty, librarians and others pinpoint specific indicators that identify a student as information literate. Students also will find the competencies useful, because they provide students with a framework for gaining control over how they interact with information in their environment. It will help to sensitize them to the need to develop a metacognitive approach to learning, making them conscious of the explicit actions required for gathering, analyzing, and using information. Faculty can implement some of these standards when designing research activities, problem solving activities, and so forth.

2010-06-03

18

Competency-based continuing professional development.  

PubMed

Competence is traditionally viewed as the attainment of a static set of attributes rather than a dynamic process in which physicians continuously use their practice experiences to "progress in competence" toward the attainment of expertise. A competency-based continuing professional development (CPD) model is premised on a set of learning competencies that include the ability to (a) use practice information to identify learning priorities and to develop and monitor CPD plans; (b) access information sources for innovations in development and new evidence that may potentially be integrated into practice; (c) establish a personal knowledge management system to store and retrieve evidence and to select and manage learning projects; (d) construct questions, search for evidence, and record and track conclusions for practice; and (e) use tools and processes to measure competence and performance and develop action plans to enhance practice. Competency-based CPD emphasizes self-directed learning processes and promotes the role of assessment as a professional expectation and obligation. Various approaches to defining general competencies for practice require the creation of specific performance metrics to be meaningful and relevant to the lifelong learning strategies of physicians. This paper describes the assumptions, advantages, and challenges of establishing a CPD system focused on competencies that improve physician performance and the quality and safety of patient care. Implications for competency-based CPD are discussed from an individual and organizational perspective, and a model to bridge the transition from residency to practice is explored. PMID:20662577

Campbell, Craig; Silver, Ivan; Sherbino, Jonathan; Cate, Olle Ten; Holmboe, Eric S

2010-01-01

19

Ranking Competencies for Software Developers in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to prioritize\\/rank 12 existing software developer competencies and to find the pattern correlation among these competencies. A survey was designed to elicit responses from a target group (N=350) of software developers, system analysts, lecturers in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), ICT managers and others related to software industry (e.g. information technologist, software architect, computer

Nantaporn Booneka; Paiboon Kiattikomol

2008-01-01

20

Collaborating with Librarians to Develop Lower Division Political Science Students' Information Literacy Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies suggest that course-integrated information literacy instruction is an effective way to enhance the quality of student research. However, many political science professors are unfamiliar with the growing information literacy movement in higher education today, with strategies for integrating information literacy into their courses and…

Stevens, Christy R.; Campbell, Patricia J.

2008-01-01

21

Developing Cultural Competence and Overcoming Ethical Challenges in the Informed Consent Process: An Experience from Egypt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is conducted in a variety of cultural settings. Ethical standards developed in Europe and the Americas are increasingly applied in these settings, many of which are culturally different from the countries in which these standards originated. To overcome these cultural differences, investigators may be tempted to deviate from ethical…

Abdel-Messih, Ibrahim Adib; El-Setouhy, Maged; Crouch, Michael M.; Earhart, Kenneth C.

2008-01-01

22

Identity Development and Multicultural Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationship of identity development, measured by the Self-identity Inventory (SII), and universal-diverse orientation (UDO) to multicultural counseling competence. After controlling for personal identity variables, multicultural coursework and training, and social desirability, multiple regression analyses indicated…

Munley, Patrick H.; Lidderdale, Melissa A.; Thiagarajan, Monica; Null, Ursla

2004-01-01

23

Factors affecting professional competence of information technology professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design and development of effective information technology (IT) based systems depends upon a staff of competent information technology professionals (ITPs). Due to the rapid pace of technological innovation, diverging application of IT, and changing role responsibilities of ITPs, it is becoming increasingly difficult for ITPs to maintain up-to-date professional competency.Although not extensively examined in IT research, professional obsolescence threats have

J. Ellis Blanton; Thomas Schambach; Kenneth J. Trimmer

1998-01-01

24

Developing intercultural competence through videogames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective intercultural collaboration requires intercultural competence. Intercultural competence involves awareness of the differences between cultures, knowledge about the beliefs, values, and practices of other cultures, and the skill to apply that knowledge effortlessly and effectively in interpersonal interactions. Acquiring intercultural competence can involve intensive study of the target culture, as well as immersion in social milieu of the target culture.

W. Lewis Johnson

2009-01-01

25

Promoting Information Competency in Biological Psychology  

PubMed Central

Information competency refers to skills that allow a student to identify appropriate sources of information, evaluate information critically, and use it ethically. Although the sudden increase of information available in electronic form has stimulated interest in information competency, the basic principles apply to all sources of information, including print. Information competency is especially critical in biological psychology. New discoveries in the neurosciences are featured every day by the mainstream media. As a society, we are being asked to make informed decisions about increasingly complex concepts, as in the case of the recent California proposition regarding stem cell research. Ideally, our students will become community leaders who will help shape these and other policy decisions, but the assumption of this role requires skills that extend long after the completion of a particular course or degree. Because of the perceived complexity of biological psychology, students new to the discipline may be reluctant to venture out into the experimental literature. A variety of activities are presented here that will build student confidence and shape information competency. Although these exercises can be used in a variety of disciplines, they are particularly well suited to biological psychology. The various exercises lend themselves to different levels of student expertise. Many of the exercises are quite appropriate for all levels and abilities, including graduate level students. As a bonus, these activities involve students in writing about biological psychology, providing a foundation for the writing of formal term papers or research reports.

Freberg, Laura A.; Brosnan-Watters, Gayle

2005-01-01

26

ACGME core competencies: helpful information for psychologists.  

PubMed

The mission of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is to improve graduate medical education in order to ultimately improve the quality of healthcare. To meet this mission the ACGME has firmly established a competency based focus for resident education. The current manuscript describes the six general ACGME competencies of Patient Care, Medical Knowledge, Practice-based Learning and Improvement, Interpersonal and Communication Skills, Professionalism and Systems-based Practice. Then, a brief description of efforts by the institution of the authors to create best practice models for competency based curriculums and outcomes is provided. Specific focus is on strategies used within the psychiatry residency and ways a Graduate Psychology Education grant fostered interdisciplinary training between psychology and family medicine that enhanced the development of competencies for both disciplines. The paper also comments on the training experiences and attitudes that can prepare psychologists to assist physician colleagues in meeting competencies. PMID:19104951

Cubic, Barbara A; Gatewood, Edwin E

2008-03-14

27

Developing operational competence in purchasing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to the emerging theory of purchasing competence. First, it replicates and cross-validates the construct with five underlying supply-side competence dimensions of Narasimhan, Jayaram and Carter (2001), using telephone survey data from 200 high-turnover European companies. The addition of an IT Competence dimension to the construct is proposed and empirically validated. In response to the growing importance of

Adrian Done

2011-01-01

28

Developing cultural competence in working with Korean immigrant families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration patterns to the United States and demographic information about Korean

Irene J. Kim; Luke I. C. Kim; James G. Kelly

2006-01-01

29

Applying Information Competency to Digital Reference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a case for applying information competency (IC) standards to digital reference services at academic libraries. Practical reasons for applying standards or guidelines to e-mail and online chat reference services are given with some insight to the nature of digital reference interactions. The standards that arose from the…

Ellis, Lisa; Francoeur, Stephen

30

METACOGNITION AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPER COMPETENCY: CONSTRUCT DEVELOPMENT AND EMPIRICAL VALIDATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software developer competence is essential for developing quality systems. Typically past experience, education and training, academic and professional references, tests, and interviews are used to assess developer competence. In this paper we propose that to obtain a holistic assessment of competence, it is essential to evaluate developer perceptions and beliefs on what they can achieve since these beliefs can impact

Paul J. Ambrose

2007-01-01

31

Developing gerontological competency: a curriculum approach.  

PubMed

This study describes a competency-based educational approach to course development, implementation, and evaluation. The course model is presented, including its philosophical base. The authors hypothesized that student participation in a competency-based graduate gerontology course would increase their perceived competency level. Results indicate that students (N?=?74 students; 2008-2011) rated their competency skill level as higher at posttest than at the pretest (paired t-tests, p < .01), as measured by the Geriatric Social Work Competency Scale II. In addition, pretest/posttest results on the Myths of Aging checklist and Expectations Regarding Aging survey supported increases of perceived knowledge of older adults at posttest (p < .01). This project illustrates the benefits of organizing and implementing competency-based curriculum so that students are better prepared to work with older adults when they graduate. PMID:23701513

Galambos, Colleen; Curl, Angela

2013-05-23

32

Handwriting Development, Competency, and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Failure to attain handwriting competency during the school-age years often has far-reaching negative effects on both academic success and self-esteem. This complex occupational task has many underlying component skills that may interfere with handwriting performance. Fine motor control, bilateral and visual-motor integration, motor planning,…

Feder, Katya P.; Majnemer, Annette

2007-01-01

33

[Developing the core competencies of long-term care professionals].  

PubMed

Longer average life expectancies and an ageing society have made long-term care an urgent and important issue in Taiwan. Although the implementation of Long-Term Care Ten-year Project four years ago has begun showing success in terms of assessing Taiwan's needs in terms of long-term care services and resources, there has been little forward progress in terms of training, recruiting and maintaining more competent professionals in the long-term care sector. This paper explores the current state of long-term care competency in Taiwan and educational strategies in place to improve the competency of long-term care professionals. Results indicate that the term geriatric competency embraces sub-competencies in direct care, communication, assessment, teamwork, cultural sensitivities and career care competencies. The term long-term care competency embraces the sub-competencies of supervision, management, information technology, resource management, and organizational skill. As a main contributor to effective long-term care, the nursing profession must employ effective strategies to develop competency-based education. Also, the profession must have an adequate supply of competent manpower to effectively respond to Taiwan's aging society. PMID:23212250

Chen, Huey-Tzy; Lee, Kuang-Ting

2012-12-01

34

Scanning probe microscopy competency development  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project collaborators developed an ultra-high vacuum scanning tunneling microscope (UHV-STM) capability, integrated it with existing scanning probe microscopes, and developed new, advanced air-based scanning force techniques (SPMs). Programmatic, basic, and industrially related laboratory research requires the existence of SPMs, as well as expertise capable of providing local nano-scale information. The UHV-STM capability, equipped with load-lock system and several surface science techniques, will allow introduction, examination, and reaction of surfaces prepared under well-controlled vacuum conditions, including the examination of morphology and local bonding associated with the initial stages of film growth under controlled growth conditions. The resulting capabilities will enable the authors to respond to a variety of problems requiring local characterization of conducting and nonconducting surfaces in liquids, air, and UHV.

Hawley, M.E.; Reagor, D.W.; Jia, Quan Xi [and others

1998-12-31

35

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

36

Practical Approaches to Developing Cultural Competency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The same demographic trends and cultural changes that have caused government agencies and private sector businesses to train their associates to be culturally competent are affecting the nursing profession. The patient-centered orientation of nurses makes it essential that they also be culturally competent by accessing cultural knowledge and developing cultural skills. What follows are vignettes and personal experiences based on

Barbara DiCicco-Bloom

2000-01-01

37

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

38

Baccalaureate nursing students' information technology competence--agency perspectives.  

PubMed

Baccalaureate nurses must meet information technology (IT) competencies expectations for employment and future professional development. Unfortunately, educational programs and accrediting groups have not identified specific outcomes, and IT is not integrated formally into many undergraduate program curricula. Meanwhile, nursing students and faculty are practicing in clinical agencies undergoing an informatics and technology revolution. Adding courses and content, hardware, software, and strategies such as distance learning and simulation have been recommended to improve competency development. However, little is known regarding nursing students' experiences with IT in clinical practice. Agencies used as sites for one undergraduate program were surveyed and asked to identify barriers and facilitators to students' IT competencies attainment. Ten agency, program, and policy factors affecting the quality of the learning experience in clinical agencies were identified. Results underscored that leadership to improve collaboration and communication between nursing practice, education, and policy groups is necessary to improve clinical environments for IT learning. PMID:19161962

Fetter, Marilyn S

39

How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

2009-01-01

40

Integrating competence development into the curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aimed at developing academic and social competences in engineering students, a program has been designed that integrates this objective into the curriculum. Our experience with the development and implementation of such a program in first year engineering courses is described. Our results show that it is possible to reduce desertion and improve adaptation to college life and demands, among engineering

Nhora O. Acuna; Hernando Diaz; Jhon J. Ramirez

2011-01-01

41

Information Sharing among Competing Microfinance Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract It is now well understood that information sharing among,lenders can increase the repayment incentives of borrowers and constrain the information based monopoly power of lenders. However, credit bu- reaus and other formal institutional mechanisms, which allow for easy information exchange on borrowers in most developed countries, are nearly absent in contexts where microfinance providers are most ac- tive. As

Sanjay Jain; Ghazala Mansuri

42

Involvement, competencies, gender and food health information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the role of gender, food health involvement, and food health information competency in predicting consumer food health information seeking. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual model for predicting consumer food health information seeking is proposed. The predicting constructs are general food health involvement, general food health competency, product-specific health involvement, and

Torben Hansen; Heidi Boye; Thyra Uth Thomsen

2010-01-01

43

Transmigrant Families: Intercultural and Bilingual Competences Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish-German trans-migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical-narrative approach, we…

Gonzalez Barea, Eva Ma.; Garcia-Cano Torrico, Maria; Marquez Lepe, Esther; Ruiz Garzon, Francisca; Pozo Llorente, Ma. Teresa; Dietz, Gunther

2010-01-01

44

Informal Workplace Learning: An Exploration of Age Differences in Learning Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Informal learning is becoming a standard format in companies' training and development (T&D) activities. It requires a specific learning competence comprising cognitive, metacognitive, and motivational dimensions. In the present study, it was investigated whether learning-competence variables predict success in informal learning. Given the ageing…

Schulz, Melanie; Rosznagel, Christian Stamov

2010-01-01

45

Development and validation of a competency framework for veterinarians.  

PubMed

Changing demands from society and the veterinary profession call for veterinary medical curricula that can deliver veterinarians who are able to integrate specific and generic competencies in their professional practice. This requires educational innovation directed by an integrative veterinary competency framework to guide curriculum development. Given the paucity of relevant information from the veterinary literature, a qualitative multi-method study was conducted to develop and validate such a framework. A competency framework was developed based on the analysis of focus group interviews with 54 recently graduated veterinarians and clients and subsequently validated in a Delphi procedure with a panel of 29 experts, representing the full range and diversity of the veterinary profession. The study resulted in an integrated competency framework for veterinary professionals, which consists of 16 competencies organized in seven domains: veterinary expertise, communication, collaboration, entrepreneurship, health and welfare, scholarship, and personal development. Training veterinarians who are able to use and integrate the seven domains in their professional practice is an important challenge for today's veterinary medical schools. The Veterinary Professional (VetPro) framework provides a sound empirical basis for the ongoing debate about the direction of veterinary education and curriculum development. PMID:22023978

Bok, Harold G J; Jaarsma, Debbie A D C; Teunissen, Pim W; van der Vleuten, Cees P M; van Beukelen, Peter

2011-01-01

46

Communicative Competence: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Further Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communicative competence is set out to be of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The success of the sustainable development of communicative competence requires existing concepts of communicative competence

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

47

The Empirical Research of Information Technology Construction and Core Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to study information technology construction and core competence in China's coal industry, structural equation model (SEM) is used in this paper. By model theory, research assumptions, model construction, model validation and SEM can effectively reveal the microscopic mechanism of information technology construction and core competence. For illustration, 297 samples were selected from medium-sized independent accounting of state-owned coal

Mingxing Li; Tongjian Zhang

2011-01-01

48

Lifelong Competence Development: On the Advantages of Formal Competence-Performance Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Please, cite this publication as: Kickmeier-Rust, M.D., Albert, D., & Steiner, C. (2006). Lifelong Competence Development: On the Advantages of Formal Competence-Performance Modeling. Proceedings of International Workshop in Learning Networks for Lifelong Competence Development, TENCompetence Conference. March 30th-31st, Sofia, Bulgaria: TENCompetence. Retrieved June 30th, 2006, from http:\\/\\/dspace.learningnetworks.org

Michael D. Kickmeier-Rust; Dietrich Albert; Christina Steiner

2006-01-01

49

Development and Evaluation of the Teamwork Competencies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the subject that aims to develop the student's teamwork competencies which is one of the most important ability as an engineer, the appraisal method was investigated. Almost all the team activities were evaluated, and correlations with that result and the peer evaluation, the self-evaluation and the team peer evaluation were examined. It was found that the correlation between the quality of the team activities and the team peer evaluation which is evaluated by other team members is highest.

Furukawa, Tetsuro; Matsuishi, Masakatu; Matsumoto, Shigeo; Takemata, Kazuya; Yamakawa, Taketo

50

Defining, developing and assessing global competence in engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering curricula are increasingly focused on developing student competencies. Many new competencies needed by engineers today are professional skills (sometimes called the ‘soft skills’). Among the new competencies for engineering graduates is global competence, the ability to work knowledgeably and live comfortably in a transnational engineering environment and global society. While there is broad agreement within the engineering community for

Jack R. Lohmann; Howard A. Rollins; J. Joseph Hoey

2006-01-01

51

ACGME Core Competencies: Helpful Information for Psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mission of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is to improve graduate medical education in\\u000a order to ultimately improve the quality of healthcare. To meet this mission the ACGME has firmly established a competency\\u000a based focus for resident education. The current manuscript describes the six general ACGME competencies of Patient Care, Medical\\u000a Knowledge, Practice-based Learning and Improvement,

Edwin E. Gatewood

2008-01-01

52

Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A new and promising area of research has recently emerged in the field of career development: career competencies. The present article provides a framework of career competencies that integrates several perspectives from the literature. The framework distinguishes between reflective, communicative, and behavioral career competencies. Six career…

Akkermans, Jos; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Huibers, Marthe; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2013-01-01

53

Development and Evaluation of Vocational Competency Measures. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A series of occupational competency tests representing all seven vocational education curriculum areas were developed, field tested, and validated. Seventeen occupations were selected for competency test development: agricultural chemicals applications technician, farm equipment mechanic, computer operator, word processing specialist, apparel…

Chalupsky, Albert B.; And Others

54

Embedding General Education Competencies into an Online Information Literacy Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessing core competencies for students who are enrolled in purely online programs poses a challenge to colleges and universities. Our institution has chosen an existing online information literacy course to incorporate and assess general education competencies for an overseas cohort of transfer students. This article presents a brief overview of the course and describes the way in which the course

Srivalli Rao; Agnes Cameron; Susan Gaskin-Noel

2009-01-01

55

National Occupational Competency Testing Institute Bulletin of Information for Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bulletin describes the National Occupational Competency Testing Program, which is designed to give experienced craftsmen objective evidence of their competency in order (1) to obtain academic credit toward a degree, (2) to gain certification as an industrial teacher, or (3) to enroll in an industrial teacher education program. Information is…

National Occupational Competency Testing Inst., Albany, NY.

56

Factors Motivating and Hindering Information and Communication Technologies Action Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information and Communication Technologies Action Competence (ICTAC) can be defined as "individuals' motivation and capacity to voluntarily employ their ICT skills for initiating or taking part in civic actions". Since academic staff and teachers in ICT related fields have crucial roles in training action-competent individuals, this study aimed…

Kurt, Adile Askim; Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Ceylan, Beril; Kuzu, Elif Bugra; Donmez, Onur; Izmirli, Ozden Sahin

2013-01-01

57

Management Competencies Assessment Instrument. A Publication of Building Professional Development Partnerships for Adult Educators Project. PRO-NET 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication introduces an assessment instrument to help programs implement management competencies. It discusses development of management competencies and describes the Management Competencies Assessment Instrument (MCAI) designed to help managers verify and validate their competencies and use the information for planning professional…

Sherman, Renee; Dobbins, Dionne; Tibbetts, John; Crocker, Judith; Dlott, Michael

58

Information Pathways for the Competence Foresight Mechanism in Talent Management Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the research and literature through the development of the theme of competence foresight. In addition, the aim is to construct information pathways for the foresight mechanism, for the use of practitioners, to enable them to manage talent and competences with an anticipatory perspective.…

Siikaniemi, Lena

2012-01-01

59

Information Pathways for the Competence Foresight Mechanism in Talent Management Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the research and literature through the development of the theme of competence foresight. In addition, the aim is to construct information pathways for the foresight mechanism, for the use of practitioners, to enable them to manage talent and competences with an anticipatory perspective.…

Siikaniemi, Lena

2012-01-01

60

Competency Development and Career Success: The Mediating Role of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to unravel the relationship between competency development, employability and career success. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between employee participation in competency development initiatives, perceived support for competency development, self-perceived employability, and two indicators of subjective…

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.

2011-01-01

61

Competing Demands of Employment and Informal Caregiving to Disabled Elders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The competing demands of work and elder care are the subject of the study. The employment decisions of the informal caregivers of a nationally representative sample of disabled elders were examined using a nested multinomial logit model. Findings from the...

R. I. Stone P. F. Short

1990-01-01

62

Development of Intercultural Competence among US American Teachers: Professional Development Factors that Enhance Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing diversity of the student age population in the USA calls for increased cultural competence on behalf of educators to effectively teach students. This article reports on a study of a suburban school district's initiatives that utilized the Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI)…

DeJaeghere, Joan G.; Zhang, Yongling

2008-01-01

63

Periodate Inhibition of Transformation and Competence Development in Haemophilus Influenzae.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Periodate treatment of competent cells reduced the frequency of transformation to streptomycin resistance about 90% while reducing cell viability about 30% or less. Moreover, when periodate was added to cells early in the competence-development phase, the...

J. M. Ranhand H. C. Lichstein

1966-01-01

64

A Theory of Developing Competence with Written Mathematical Symbols.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is a theory of how competence with written mathematical symbols develops, tracing a succession of cognitive processes that cumulate to yield competence. Arguments supporting the theory are drawn from the history, philosophy, and psychology of mathematics. (MNS)|

Hiebert, James

1988-01-01

65

Keynote Address: Developing and Measuring Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In distinguishing it from occupational competence, this article defines competence in higher education as a cluster of qualities, characteristics, and abilities that may or may not have clear vocational applications. Suggests that a competence model based on industry's clearly defined roles and performances would be inappropriate for higher…

Otter, Sue

1992-01-01

66

Information Literacy and Office Tool Competencies: A Benchmark Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Present information science literature recognizes the importance of information technology to achieve information literacy. The authors report the results of a benchmarking student survey regarding perceived functional skills and competencies in word-processing and presentation tools. They used analysis of variance and regression analysis to…

Heinrichs, John H.; Lim, Jeen-Su

2010-01-01

67

Improving information technology competencies: implications for psychiatric mental health nursing.  

PubMed

While substantial evidence links information technology (IT) with improved patient safety, care quality, access, and efficiency, nurses must demonstrate competencies in computers, informatics, and information literacy in order to use IT for practice, education, and research. The nursing profession has established IT competencies for all nurses at beginning and experienced levels. Newly revised standards also articulate role-specific expectations for advanced practice nurses. Unfortunately, there is a concern that many nurses may not possess these capabilities and that nurse educators are not prepared to teach them. IT competency evaluations, which have focused predominately on nursing education, indicate novice skill levels for most faculty and students. In numerous studies, again conducted largely in nursing education, significant improvement in IT competencies has been achieved only with intensive interventions. Deficits in IT competencies are a significant concern, because the federal government has mandated full implementation of Electronic Health Records (EHR) by 2014. EHR will require all nurses to use IT to deliver, document, and obtain reimbursement for patient care. In response to these concerns, two recent initiatives, the "Health Information Technology Scholars (HITS)" and "Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER)" projects, have been launched. By enhancing IT competencies, these projects will enable nurses to use evidence-based practice and other innovations to transform clinical care, education, and research. This report updates psychiatric-mental health nurses on the IT competencies literature, recent enhancement initiatives and innovations, and their implications for the specialty. PMID:19148816

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-01-01

68

Graduating nurses' self-evaluation of information technology competencies.  

PubMed

Using a standardized instrument, graduating baccalaureate nurses reported moderate information technology skills. The students were most confident in their Internet, word processing, and systems operations skills; the students' rated themselves lowest on care documentation and planning, valuing informatics knowledge, skills development, and data entry competencies. Exposure to the latest informatics systems was a priority. Students want fair access to informatics and technology-rich clinical settings; more realistic informatics and technology simulations; enthusiastic and capable faculty; and better hardware, software, and literature-searching support in agencies, classrooms, laboratories, and residences. Nursing programs, clinical agencies, and policy makers need to recognize that students are advancing beyond acquiring informatics skills to integrating health information literacy into practice. To facilitate current and future skills attainment and innovation, nursing informatics education and evaluation must keep pace. PMID:19260400

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

69

Developing Cultural Competence: Mainstream Teachers and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to the underachievement of its Latino children, one district implemented Parent Partnership for Achieving Literacy (PAL), a program to build cultural bridges between home and school. Professional development (PD) that helped mainstream teachers develop cultural competence to work effectively with Latino children and their families was…

Colombo, Michaela W.

2007-01-01

70

Developing Cultural Competence: Mainstream Teachers and Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the underachievement of its Latino children, one district implemented Parent Partnership for Achieving Literacy (PAL), a program to build cultural bridges between home and school. Professional development (PD) that helped mainstream teachers develop cultural competence to work effectively with Latino children and their families was central to the PAL Program. This article introduces the PAL program and

Michaela W. Colombo

2007-01-01

71

A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

72

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation tested the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training and compared portfolios with another method of competence development, case formulation. Results indicate that portfolios benefit the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence, implications…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

2006-01-01

73

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation tested the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training and compared portfolios with another method of competence development, case formulation. Results indicate that portfolios benefit the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence, implications…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

2006-01-01

74

A Professional Development Unit for Reflecting on Program Evaluator Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an interactive professional development unit that engages both novice and experienced evaluators in (a) learning about the Essential Competencies for Program Evaluators (ECPE), (b) applying the competencies to program evaluation contexts, and (c) using the ECPE to reflect on their own professional practices. The article briefly summarizes current issues about program evaluator competencies and the components of

Gail Ghere; Jean A. King; Laurie Stevahn; Jane Minnema

2006-01-01

75

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new directions for developing learning and innovation competence in international development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach:

Laxmi Prasad Pant

2012-01-01

76

Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

Byrd, Terry Anthony

2001-01-01

77

Core competencies for information professionals of Thai academic libraries in the next decade (A.D. 2010–2019)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aimed to develop core competencies framework for information professionals of Thai academic libraries in the next decade (2010–2019). The study consisted of two phases, Phase 1- the study of opinions about the roles of Thai academic libraries and information professionals in the next decade (Tanloet & Tuamsuk, 2011) and Phase 2- the development of core competencies framework conducted

Piyasuda Tanloet; Kulthida Tuamsuk

2011-01-01

78

EXPERIENTIAL E-LEARNING AS A MECHANISM FOR CREATING COMPETENCY IN INFORMATION AND SECURITY SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business school's must respond to the rapidly changing technology setting if they are to continue to develop professionals who are knowledgeable in the critical area of information technology and business practice. When it comes to developing business professionals competent in leveraging information technology, educators must offer more than just case analyses and familiarization with the technology. They need to offer

Charla Griffy-Brown; Michael Hamlin

79

Measuring Students' Perceptions of Faculty Competence in Professional Psychology: Development of the Perceived Faculty Competence Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the development of a measure designed to assess doctoral students' perceptions of the professional competence of faculty in clinical, counseling, and school psychology. Study 1 yielded 33 items via principal components analysis that accounted for over 72% of the variance in the data across 5 domains: (a) Professionalism\\/Ethics; (b) Clinical Supervision; (c) Research; (d) Multicultural Competence; and

Eric D. Deemer; Donna Thomas; Candi L. Hill

2011-01-01

80

Competence development in the workplace: concepts, strategies and effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the expectations that exist regarding efforts to develop competence and in spite of the large amounts of resources\\u000a devoted to it, there is a marked lack of empirically-based research on competence development in companies and other organizations.\\u000a The purpose of this article is to present a review of research on strategies for competence development in organizations,\\u000a their

Per-Erik Eilström; Henrik Kock

2008-01-01

81

Designing the Information Literacy Competency Standards for nursing.  

PubMed

This column documents the rationale for creating information literacy competency standards for nursing based on the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education" and the three documents from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) on essential skills for nurses in baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral level education and practice. It chronicles the process of the task force which is designing the discipline specific skills and predicts the value of their use, once they are published. PMID:23394425

Phelps, Sue F

2013-01-01

82

Basic competence in intensive and critical care nursing: development and psychometric testing of a competence scale.  

PubMed

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a scale to assess basic competence in intensive and critical care nursing. In this study, basic competence denotes preliminary competence to practice in an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: There is a need for competence assessment scales in intensive care nursing practice and education. The nursing care performed in the intensive care unit is special by its nature and needs to be assessed as such. At this moment, however, there is no tested, reliable and valid scale in this field. DESIGN: A multi-phase, multi-method development and psychometric testing of the scale was conducted. METHODS: The scale was developed in three phases. First, following a literature review and Delphi study, the items were created. Second, the scale was pilot tested twice by nursing students (n(1 ) = 18, n(2 ) = 56) and intensive care nurses (n(1 ) = 12, n(2 ) = 54), and revisions were made. Third, reliability and construct validity were tested by graduating nursing students (n = 139) and intensive care nurses (n = 431). RESULTS: The Intensive and Critical Care Nursing Competence Scale (ICCN-CS-1) is a self-assessment test consisting of 144 items. Basic competence is divided into patient-related clinical competence and general professional competence. In addition, basic competence is comprised of knowledge base, skill base, attitude and value base and experience base. ICCN-CS-1 is a reliable and tolerably valid scale. CONCLUSIONS: The ICCN-CS-1 is a promising scale for use among nursing students and nurses. Future research is needed to evaluate its construct validity further and to assess its suitability for completion during intensive care unit's orientation programmes and nursing students' clinical practice in an intensive care unit. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The ICCN-CS-1 can be used for basic competence assessment in professional development discussions in intensive care units, in mentor evaluation situations during nursing students' clinical practice and in intensive care nursing education. PMID:23331409

Lakanmaa, Riitta-Liisa; Suominen, Tarja; Perttilä, Juha; Ritmala-Castrén, Marita; Vahlberg, Tero; Leino-Kilpi, Helena

2013-01-18

83

The beat and rhythm of competency development over two years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show that research supports competencies can be developed in adults; however, even in these “model programs” for developing emotional intelligence and social intelligence competencies, little is known about what goes on inside the “black box” of change. How does the change occur? Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In an attempt to help adults develop

Kenneth S. Rhee

2008-01-01

84

Developing confidence decreases guessing and increases competency.  

PubMed

Validating competency to meet accreditation and safety demands is a major challenge many organizations face. Traditional testing methods may only reflect guessing and may not capture the amount of misinformation nurses are using for critical decision making. Using a confidence-based learning methodology allows learners to correct misinformation and gain confidence and competency. J Contin Educ Nurs 2013;44(9):389-390. PMID:24015795

Center, Deborah L; Adams, Timothy M

2013-09-01

85

Information Literacy as Foundational: Determining Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Finding, accessing, and determining the credibility of information are skills most people would deem necessary for the college educated person, if not the average citizen, to possess today. At the same time, educators, as well as constituents of educational institutions are asking for better and more sophisticated assessment instruments of…

DeMars, Christine; Cameron, Lynn; Erwin, T. Dary

2003-01-01

86

Competitive Informational Lobbying in Congress: Can Citizen Groups Compete?  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important question to interest group scholars is whether citizen groups can effectively compete with industry groups in legislative arenas for influence (i.e. Holyoke 2008, Berry 1999). This paper compares the use of information by industry and citizen groups in Congressional hearings between 1985-2004 in two new issue areas (computer technology, biotechnology) and two older issue areas (agriculture, chemical regulation).

Bryan McQuide

87

Affective Concomitants of Information on Morality and Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research program on the affective concomitants of information on morality (M) and competence (C) is reviewed. The program originated from the assumption that M and C are the most important categories of behavior construal and that both categories can be, and are, used in interpretation of the same behavioral acts. Whereas in the observer perspective (when interpreting the behavior

Bogdan Wojciszke

2005-01-01

88

Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2011-01-01

89

Knowledge management model: practical application for competency development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group involved in CDA. Data were collected at the

Denise Lustri; Irene Miura; Sérgio Takahashi

2007-01-01

90

Competence Development in the Workplace: Concepts, Strategies and Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In spite of the expectations that exist regarding efforts to develop competence and in spite of the large amounts of resources devoted to it, there is a marked lack of empirically-based research on competence development in companies and other organizations. The purpose of this article is to present a review of research on strategies for…

Ellstrom, Per-Erik; Kock, Henrik

2008-01-01

91

The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

2010-01-01

92

Developing physician-leaders: key competencies and available programs.  

PubMed

Because effective leadership is critical to organizational success, frontrunner organizations cultivate leaders for bench depth and pipeline development. The many challenges in healthcare today create a special need for great leadership. This paper reviews the leadership competencies needed by physician-leaders and current experience with developing physician-leaders in healthcare institution-sponsored programs. On the basis of this review, six key leadership competency domains are proposed: 1. technical skills and knowledge (regarding operational, financial, and information systems, human resources, and strategic planning), 2. industry knowledge (e.g., regarding clinical processes, regulation, and healthcare trends), 3. problem-solving skills, 4. emotional intelligence, 5. communication, and 6. a commitment to lifelong learning. Review of current experience indicates that, in addition to leadership training through degree and certificate-granting programs (e.g., by universities and/or official medical societies), healthcare institutions themselves are developing intramural programs to cultivate physician-leaders. Greater attention is needed to assessing the impact and effectiveness of such programs in developing leaders and benefiting organizational outcomes. PMID:19655634

Stoller, James K

2008-01-01

93

Professional Development and Competence?based Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid expansion of competence?based education (CBE) through the work of the National Council for Vocational Qualifications (NCVQ) has now, thanks to generous public funding and official endorsement by the Department for Education, penetrated the theory and practice of professional studies in teacher education at both school and post?school levels. The NCVQ model of CBE is criticised and alternatives described.

Terry Hyland

1993-01-01

94

Using Role Play To Develop Cultural Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Role playing is a useful method for teaching cultural competence in nurse-patient situations. Successful implementation depends on identification of objectives and grading criteria, adequate time, guidelines for role specifications, monitoring of the process, delineation of the relationship to theory, and facilitation of constructive analysis.…

Shearer, Ruth; Davidhizar, Ruth

2003-01-01

95

School-Community Development of Competency Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last year, Alameda County Office of Education has contributed much of its creative energy to the field testing of a process to generating competencies that encourages school community cooperation. The process was tested in San Lorenzo Unified School District. Describes how it was done through a series of meetings involving students,…

Pacheco, Kay

1978-01-01

96

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

97

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training. It also compares the efficacy of portfolios to case formulation, another method of competence development. Students (N=27) attending a required course on multicultural counseling at a large Midwestern…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

98

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

99

Media Education and the Development of Media Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of media competence is now widely recognized in educational and policy circles as essential to the formation of well-balanced citizens, capable of making their own judgements and participating fully in society. This presentation will focus on efforts in Irish education to support media competence and how it can contribute to sustainable policies for children, youth and families.

Brian ONeill

2011-01-01

100

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

101

Cultural Competence in Health Care: Implications for Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the need for cultural competence in health care, the barriers faced by health care professionals as they attempt to deliver culturally competent care, and the implications for human resource development initiatives. Already the most ethnically diverse country in the world, the US, is experiencing dramatic increases in its ethnic mix. As Taylor (2005) notes, these changing demographics

Rosemarie Angela Taylor; Mary V. Alfred

102

Developing Cultural Competence in Working with Korean Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration…

Kim, Irene J.; Kim, Luke I. C.; Kelly, James G.

2006-01-01

103

Developing Cultural Competence in Working with Korean Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration…

Kim, Irene J.; Kim, Luke I. C.; Kelly, James G.

2006-01-01

104

A Conceptual Framework on Informal Learning of Active Citizenship Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conceptual framework for this study consists of three types of factors (see Fig. 2.1):\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 1. \\u000a the citizenship competencies and values\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 2. \\u000a the informal student activities and experiences at school and\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 3. \\u000a the school context.

Ralf Maslowski; Heiko Breit; Lutz Eckensberger; Jaap Scheerens

105

Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Relation between Pragmalinguistic Competence and Sociopragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers' call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2011-01-01

106

Practitioners Derive Model Competencies for Instructional/Staff Development Specialists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role and function of the instructional specialist, i.e., one who is trained to provide assistance and support in faculty and instructional development, and outlines model competencies for this position. (RAO)

Dickens, Mary Ellen; Haddad, Margaret

1979-01-01

107

Developing computer competent learners through integrative assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of Information Technology (IT) is regarded as one of the key factors in all learning programmes, in order to foster future success for both graduates and the economy. Lecturers need to educate a diversity of minds that are well informed over a wide range and that are practised in finding, analysing, managing and integrating information in the solution

Gail Janse van Rensburg

108

Intercultural Competence in Health Care Developing Skills for Interculturally Competent Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

major challenge for today's health care providers around most of the world is that culturally diverse groups comprise the largest growing segment of the patient population. Individual health care choices and outcomes must be understandable to patients in terms of their own culture and experience. Thus, health care workers are faced with the need to develop intercultural competencies that allow

Rohini Anand; Indra Lahiri

109

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

110

Competencies for the Instructional/Training Development Professional.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This "final" list of 16 core competencies for instructional/training development professionals was developed over a three-year period by a special task force appointed by the Board of Directors of the Division of Instructional Development within the Association for Educational Communications and Technology. (Author)|

Beery, Madeline; And Others

1981-01-01

111

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

112

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

113

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

114

Developing U.S. teachers’ intercultural competence: Does professional development matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercultural competence is an important skill for K-12 educators to effectively teach a demographically changing population of young people. This paper builds on research that uses the Intercultural Development Inventory to assess change in intercultural competence among K-12 educators. This study aims to understand the extent of change in educators’ intercultural competence in an urban district that has implemented an

Joan G. DeJaeghere; Yi Cao

2009-01-01

115

Developing supply chain management program: a competency model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into curriculum development in higher education. Using a case study approach, the paper details the

Matthew H. Sauber; Hugh B. McSurely; V. M. Rao Tummala

2008-01-01

116

How to measure critical health competences: development and validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test).  

PubMed

Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical health competences (CHC test). Development and testing of the questionnaire covered three phases: (1) test construction (and feasibility, (2) first field test of scalability and items revision (3) second field test to validate the instrument. Model fit analyses were performed for both field tests for Rasch-, Mixed Rasch- and Hybrid model. Participants were secondary school and university students with and without prior training in evidence-based medicine (1. field test n = 322; with training n = 87; 2. field test n = 107; with training n = 13). The second field test resulted in Rasch scalability of all items in one person class. Mean values (+/-SD) of person parameters were 716.14 (+/-53.74) for trained students and 470.11 (+/-59.63) for untrained students. Reliability of the instrument was 0.91 (WINMIRA ANOVA). In conclusion the CHC instrument is a feasible, reliable and valid instrument to measure critical health literacy. The generalizability of the instrument is to be explored in ongoing studies in different educational settings. PMID:17902033

Steckelberg, Anke; Hülfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jürgen; Rost, Jürgen; Mühlhauser, Ingrid

2007-09-28

117

Competing for foreign aid for health development.  

PubMed

Health ministries in low-income countries faced with the problem of decreasing financial support from traditional external sources are taking steps to become more competitive in the "market" for foreign aid. This article describes some strategies that have enabled ministries to obtain external financing for their health development priorities, thereby improving the quality and increasing the quantity of aid they receive. PMID:8820142

Drager, N

1996-01-01

118

Developing and Measuring Competence in West Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development of a staff evaluation method for a West African diesel power plant extension, focusing on project constraints, individual job performance, maintenance staff group performance, unscheduled emergency exercises, unplanned shutdowns and other critical incidents, and observation of staff behavior during shifts. Outlines staff…

Engvold, Michael; Ingerslev, Poul

1992-01-01

119

Nine Constructs of Cultural Competence for Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the self-administered Clinical Cultural Competency Questionnaire (CCCQ) and assess the perceived level of cultural competence of students in Xavier University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy to guide curriculum development within the 4-year academic program. Methods The CCCQ was administrated to each class of pharmacy students during spring 2009. Exploratory factor analysis with principal components and varimax rotation was conducted to build the constructs explaining the factors measuring students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Results Nine factors, including 46 items extracted from the CCCQ and explaining 79% of the total variance, were found as the best fit to measure students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Conclusions The CCCQ was found to be a practical, valid, and reliable self-assessment instrument to measure the perceived level of pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and encounters in cross-cultural environments. The questionnaire allowed the identification of students' needs for training in cultural competence and the development of a curriculum tailored to satisfy those needs.

Brookover, Cecile; Kennedy, Kathleen

2010-01-01

120

Pedagogical Catalysts of Civic Competence: The Development of a Critical Epistemological Model for Community-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Democratic problem-solving necessitates an active and informed citizenry, but existing research on service-learning has shed little light on the relationship between pedagogical practices and civic competence outcomes. This study developed and tested a model to represent that relationship and identified pedagogical catalysts of civic competence

Stokamer, Stephanie

2013-01-01

121

Developing entrepreneurial competencies in the healthcare management undergraduate classroom.  

PubMed

Recently, entrepreneurial behavior is becoming more accepted in the healthcare field. This article describes an attempt to foster development of positive entrepreneurial competencies in the undergraduate health administration classroom. Through a literature review on entrepreneurs, eight competency clusters are identified; decision making, strategic thinking, risk taking, confidence building, communicating ideas, motivating team members, tolerance of ambiguity, and internal locus of control. These clusters are used to promote entrepreneurial skills for students though identified learning-centered activities and supplement an instructional style that facilitates thoughtful reflection. PMID:16485785

Rubino, Louis; Freshman, Brenda

2005-01-01

122

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

123

Promoting Ego Development and Multicultural Competence during Internship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development

Cannon, Edward P.; Frank, Dennis

2009-01-01

124

Competence development and career advancement in professional service firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to learn about professional employees in the early stage of their careers, particularly, their understanding of competence development and career advancement. Law firms have a relatively low rate of turnover of professional staff when compared with employee flow rates that are standard in other organisations and industries. In law firms, the collective

Ashly H. Pinnington

2011-01-01

125

Development of individual psychosocial competence in a high school setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of the competent self in adolescence, the interrelationship of psychotherapeutic and psychoeducational change, and the role of the high school counselor as a mental health gatekeeper were explored in a pre–post experimental–control design study of group counseling. 147 exemplary (\\

Forrest B. Tyler; Margaret Gatz

1977-01-01

126

Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk…

Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine

127

Developing Literacy and Literacy Competence: Challenges for Foreign Language Departments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter provides a dialogue between two teachers that challenges philosophical and practical divisions both inside and outside the academy regarding the development of literacy and literary competence in foreign language departments. It also describes curricular revisions at their institution that address those divisions. One teacher crafts…

Byrnes, Heidi; Kord, Susanne

128

Peer Advising: An Opportunity for Leadership and Competency Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer advising is one model for delivering advising services. This article describes peer advising in the Human Service Program at the University of Tennessee. Students who serve as peer advisors provide a needed service, contribute to the human service program through their leadership, and benefit from developing competence consistent within the…

Diambra, Joel F.

2003-01-01

129

The Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale: Development and Initial Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on the development and initial validation of the multidimensional Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale (MTCS). Data from 506 pre- and in-service teachers were collected in three interrelated studies. Exploratory factor analysis results suggested a 16-item, two-factor solution: (a) multicultural teaching skill and (b)…

Spanierman, Lisa B.; Oh, Euna; Heppner, P. Paul; Neville, Helen A.; Mobley, Michael; Wright, Caroline Vaile; Dillon, Frank R.; Navarro, Rachel

2011-01-01

130

INTRODUCING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION: COMPETENCES, PEDAGOGY AND CURRICULUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introducing sustainable development (SD) in engineering education has been a key topic in many technological universities (1), accreditation agencies and International and National networks of universities. At the UNESCO chair of Sustainability of the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC) under their PhD program on Sustainability the authors have carried out a research on: 1. Which SD competences may engineers have

J. Segalàs; D. Ferrer-Balas; K. F. Mulder

131

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based…

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

132

Preliminary Development of an Affective Work Competencies Testing Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The lack of communication between educators and employers concerning the characteristics of a successful worker is explored. The need for a stronger emphasis on positive affective work competencies (work values, habits, and attitudes) is demonstrated. The failure of many educators to help their students develop proper work habits and attitudes is…

Beach, David P.

133

Entrepreneurship Competencies for Vocational Curriculum Development. Instructor's Handbook. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is intended to assist vocational teachers and administrators in preparing vocational curricula that include materials for developing teacher- and business-identified entrepreneurship competencies. The handbook begins with a discussion of the need to infuse entrepreneurship education into all areas of vocational education. The next…

Palmieri, D. Frank; Vecchiola, Leonard C.

134

Development and Validation of a Music Education Competency Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Music Education Competency Test (MECT) was developed to gauge proficiency in selected singing, conducting, keyboard, and rehearsal skills. Three validity studies with 125 University of Illinois undergraduates examined MECT scores in relation to students' grades and compared students' scores by major emphasis (piano, voice, orchestral…

Beazley, Herschel V.

1981-01-01

135

Developing Intercultural Competence in University Staff: Augmenting Internationalisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary aim of this research was to consider the benefit of providing professional development in intercultural competence for general staff at Deakin University. While the question arose from a disparity identified in the University policies, the importance of this consideration was highlighted in an impending audit to be conducted by AUQA,…

Andrew, Helen

2012-01-01

136

78 FR 22527 - Army Science Board Request for Information on Technology and Core Competencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Board Request for Information on Technology and Core Competencies...to provide additional information on technologies of interest. To supplement...are invited to submit information on technologies to support core...

2013-04-16

137

Web-based learning resources - new opportunities for competency development.  

PubMed

Creating web-based learning environments holds great promise for on the job training and competence development in nursing. The web-based learning environment was designed and customized by four professional development nurses. We interviewed five RNs that pilot tested the web-based resource. Our findings give some insight into how the web-based design tool are perceived and utilized, and how content is represented in the learning environment. From a competency development perspective, practicing authentic tasks in a web-based learning environment can be useful to train skills and keep up important routines. The approach found in this study also needs careful consideration. Emphasizing routines and skills can be important to reduce variation and ensure more streamlined practice from an institution-wide quality improvement efforts. How the emphasis on routines and skills plays out towards the individual's overall professional development needs further careful studies. PMID:19592899

Moen, Anne; Nygård, Kathrine A; Gauperaa, Torunn

2009-01-01

138

Promoting Ego Development and Multicultural Competence During Internship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education\\u000a (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted\\u000a to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development (which subsumes moral development)\\u000a and multicultural knowledge and awareness of counselor interns.

Edward P. Cannon; Dennis Frank

2009-01-01

139

Web-based Learning Resources - New Opportunities for Competency Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creating web- based learning environments holds great promise for on the job training and competence development in nursing. The web-based learning environment was designed and customized by four professional development nurses. We interviewed five RNs that pilot tested the web-based resource. Our findings give some insight into how the web-based design tool are perceived and utilized, and how content is

Anne Moen; Kathrine A. Nygård; Torunn Gauperaa

2009-01-01

140

Core competencies: A systems approach for training and organizational development in extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present a rationale for developing core competencies for training and organizational development in extension. Core competencies are defined as “the basic knowledge, attitudes, skills, and observable behaviors that lead to excellence in the workplace.” Competency-based models can be used to create an infrastructure that promotes innovation and continuous learning in every dimension of an extension organization. Competency models

Richard T. Liles; R. David Mustian

2004-01-01

141

Development and Initial Validation of the Multicultural Competence Change Scale for Psychology Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development, maintenance, and integration of multicultural competence into all aspects of psychologists' work is critical to ethical practice in an increasingly diverse society. Measurement of multicultural competency is critical to investigating the development of multicultural competence and the effectiveness of multicultural competency

Caban, Alisia Rose

2010-01-01

142

Loss of RNase R Induces Competence Development in Legionella pneumophila? †  

PubMed Central

RNase R is a processive 3?-5? exoribonuclease with a high degree of conservation in prokaryotes. Although some bacteria possess additional hydrolytic 3?-5? exoribonucleases such as RNase II, RNase R was found to be the only predicted one in the facultative intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila. This provided a unique opportunity to study the role of RNase R in the absence of an additional RNase with similar enzymatic activity. We investigated the role of RNase R in the biology of Legionella pneumophila under various conditions and performed gene expression profiling using microarrays. At optimal growth temperature, the loss of RNase R had no major consequence on bacterial growth and had a moderate impact on normal gene regulation. However, at a lower temperature, the loss of RNase R had a significant impact on bacterial growth and resulted in the accumulation of structured RNA degradation products. Concurrently, gene regulation was affected and specifically resulted in an increased expression of the competence regulon. Loss of the exoribonuclease activity of RNase R was sufficient to induce competence development, a genetically programmed process normally triggered as a response to environmental stimuli. The temperature-dependent expression of competence genes in the rnr mutant was found to be independent of previously identified competence regulators in Legionella pneumophila. We suggest that a physiological role of RNase R is to eliminate structured RNA molecules that are stabilized by low temperature, which in turn may affect regulatory networks, compromising adaptation to cold and thus resulting in decreased viability.

Charpentier, Xavier; Faucher, Sebastien P.; Kalachikov, Sergey; Shuman, Howard A.

2008-01-01

143

Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Education Competencies and a Competency-Based Resource Guide for Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate nutrition education competencies and a competency-based resource guide, Connecting the Dots...Healthy Foods, Healthy Choices, Healthy Kids (CTD), for preschool-aged children in California. Methods: Nutrition education experts and California Department of Education staff…

Scherr, Rachel E.; Reed, Heather; Briggs, Marilyn; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri

2011-01-01

144

Developing culturally competent community faculty: a model program.  

PubMed

The Liaison Committee on Medical Education recently set standards for cultural diversity training as part of the medical school curriculum. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of a faculty-development program designed to develop the capacity of the clinical faculty to integrate culture and advocacy education into clinical training. The paper describes the first two years of the development of an ongoing cultural competence curriculum that has been integrated into the training of community preceptors from 13 medical schools in New England and New York. The training, entitled"Teaching the Culture of the Community," consists of four 2.5-hour modules that include interactive lectures and small-group role-play exercises on cultural needs assessment, patient-centered interviewing, feedback on cultural issues and use of the community to enhance cultural understanding. The 137 participants in the first two years of the program (1999-00 and 2000-01) reported a high level of acceptance of the curriculum. In the second year, the program began to document participants' self-reported"intention to change" in relation to the cultural competence curriculum. Many participants reported plans to change aspects of their clinical care and their teaching practices. Intentions to change were most frequently expressed in the context of content on effective communication skills. In summary, cultural competency training has been successfully integrated into an existing faculty-development program for community-based preceptors. PMID:14660421

Ferguson, Warren J; Keller, David M; Haley, Heather-Lyn; Quirk, Mark

2003-12-01

145

Constructing a leadership competencies development tool: a case study in a university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process used to define the leadership competencies necessary in a university and subsequently develop an instrument to evaluate these competencies. It begins with a brief overview of literature relating to competencies, then reviews the relationship between competencies and performance management. Focusing on the university that is the subject of the case study, it then outlines the

Ronel Erwee; Lesley Willcoxson; Don Smith; Cec Pedersen

146

Managing Federal Information Technology: Conflicting Policies and Competing Philosophies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines information technology (IT) policies and the roles played by federal agencies in developing and implementing IT management policies. Illustrates how selected policy prescriptions can prove to be problematic and offers recommendations on how to improve federal IT management. Contains 62 references. (AEF)

Beachboard, John C.; McClure, Charles R.

1996-01-01

147

Leading and Managing in a Global Environment: Developing Executive Competencies for the World Stage  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the challenges of developing the executive competencies needed to successfully lead and manage global enterprises. It reviews global competency models and the problems of identifying global skills. It looks at the difficulties of developing global competencies, particularly through overseas assignments. Finally, it considers other methods of developing global skills and the implications for both individuals and firms.

Paul Dainty

148

Development of a Procedure for Competency Testing in Vocational Home Economics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors developed competency tests to document students' achievement of essential competencies in food and nutrition classes. Procedures included (1) developing the item pool; (2) determining validity and reliability; and (3) field testing. The study confirmed that it is possible to develop multiple-choice test items for essential competencies

Felstehausen, Ginny; And Others

1987-01-01

149

Longitudinal Direct and Indirect Pathways Linking Older Sibling Competence to the Development of Younger Sibling Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested links between early adolescent older sibling (OS) and younger sibling (YS) competence in rural African American families. Found that OS competence was stable across time and related to improvements in mothers' psychological functioning from Wave 1 to Wave 2. Mothers' Wave-2 psychological functioning related to Wave-3 involved-supportive…

Brody, Gene H.; Kim, Sooyeon; Murry, Velma McBride; Brown, Anita C.

2003-01-01

150

Lessons learned: year-by-year improvement of a required information competency course.  

PubMed

At the Ohio State University, a health sciences librarian is the co-instructor in a required information competencies course for first-year undergraduate students in the Honors Biomedical Science Major. This article discusses the creation and development of the credit-bearing, in-person course from the curriculum planning phase in 2005 to present. Improvements to the course are described by year. Student feedback, student performance, and reflection by the co-instructors influenced the course improvements, including changes in content, delivery, student feedback mechanisms, and assessment of student learning. The course teaches students to access, organize, read, and analyze the biomedical research literature. PMID:23869635

Powell, Carol A; Ginier, Emily C

2013-01-01

151

Educating Medical Students as Competent Users of Health Information Technologies: The MSOP Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more health information technologies become part of the health care environment, the need for physicians with medical informatics competencies is growing. In 2006, a survey was created to determine the degree to which the Association of American Medical College's Medical School Objectives Project (MSOP) medical informatics competencies had been incorporated into medical school curricula in the United States. Methods:

Julie J. McGowan; Morgan Passiment; Helene M. Hoffman

152

Educating Medical Students as Competent Users of Health Information Technologies: The MSOP Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more health information technologies become part of the health care environment, the need for physicians with medical informatics competencies is growing. In 2006, a survey was created to determine the degree to which the Association of American Medical College's Medical School Objectives Project (MSOP) medical informatics competencies had been incorporated into medical school curricula in the United States. Methods:

Julie J. Mcgowan; Morgan Passiment; Helene M. Hoffman

2007-01-01

153

Competence to Waive Interrogation Rights and Adjudicative Competence in Adolescent Defendants: Cognitive Development, Attorney Contact, and Psychological Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative\\u000a competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal\\u000a capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male\\u000a and female defendants aged 11–17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation

Jodi L. Viljoen; Ronald Roesch

2005-01-01

154

Health Information Literacy and Competencies of Information Age Students: Results From the Interactive Online Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA)  

PubMed Central

Background In an era of easy access to information, university students who will soon enter health professions need to develop their information competencies. The Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA) is based on the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education, and it measures proficiency in obtaining health information, evaluating the quality of health information, and understanding plagiarism. Objective This study aimed to measure the proficiency of college-age health information consumers in finding and evaluating electronic health information; to assess their ability to discriminate between peer-reviewed scholarly resources and opinion pieces or sales pitches; and to examine the extent to which they are aware of their level of health information competency. Methods An interactive 56-item online assessment, the Research Readiness Self-Assessment (RRSA), was used to measure the health information competencies of university students. We invited 400 students to take part in the study, and 308 participated, giving a response rate of 77%. The RRSA included multiple-choice questions and problem-based exercises. Declarative and procedural knowledge were assessed in three domains: finding health information, evaluating health information, and understanding plagiarism. Actual performance was contrasted with self-reported skill level. Upon answering all questions, students received a results page that summarized their numerical results and displayed individually tailored feedback composed by an experienced librarian. Results Even though most students (89%) understood that a one-keyword search is likely to return too many documents, few students were able to narrow a search by using multiple search categories simultaneously or by employing Boolean operators. In addition, nearly half of the respondents had trouble discriminating between primary and secondary sources of information as well as between references to journal articles and other published documents. When presented with questionable websites on nonexistent nutritional supplements, only 50% of respondents were able to correctly identify the website with the most trustworthy features. Less than a quarter of study participants reached the correct conclusion that none of the websites made a good case for taking the nutritional supplements. Up to 45% of students were unsure if they needed to provide references for ideas expressed in paraphrased sentences or sentences whose structure they modified. Most respondents (84%) believed that their research skills were good, very good, or excellent. Students’ self-perceptions of skill tended to increase with increasing level of education. Self-reported skills were weakly correlated with actual skill level, operationalized as the overall RRSA score (Cronbach alpha = .78 for 56 RRSA items). Conclusions While the majority of students think that their research skills are good or excellent, many of them are unable to conduct advanced information searches, judge the trustworthiness of health-related websites and articles, and differentiate between various information sources. Students’ self-reports may not be an accurate predictor of their actual health information competencies.

O'Boyle, Irene; Casey, Anne Marie

2006-01-01

155

Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those competencies by FSNE paraprofessionals. The result of

Susan S. Baker; Meredith Pearson; Helen Chipman

2009-01-01

156

The Development of Competence in Favorable and Unfavorable Environments: Lessons From Research on Successful Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of competence holds great interest for parents and society alike. This article considers implications from research on competence and resilience in children and adolescents for policy and interventions designed to foster better outcomes among children at risk. Foundations of competence in early development are discussed, focusing on the role of attachment relationships and self-regulation. Results from studies of

Ann S. Masten; J. Douglas Coatsworth

1998-01-01

157

Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of culture, cultural competence, and culturally competent practice. We then

Hermeet K. Kohli; Ruth Huber; Anna C. Faul

2010-01-01

158

Assessing Competence in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 12 essays focuses on issues surrounding the assessment of competence in higher education, providing examples to illustrate the competence approach in practice in the United Kingdom. They include: (1) "The Assessment of Competence in Higher Education" (Anne Edwards and Peter Knight); (2) "National Vocational Qualifications: The…

Edwards, Anne, Ed.; Knight, Peter, Ed.

159

Cyber defense competition: enhancing student competency in information security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This poster presents the experiences of two teams at respective universities on preparing and attending Pacific Northwest Cyber Defense Competition. Both teams benefited from participating in the competition with students expressing positive learning experiences. Recommendations for other schools that may be interested in competing or setting up in-house cyber defense exercises will be presented.

Yan Bai; Carol Taylor

2011-01-01

160

Information and Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines approaches taken to development in lesser developed countries in the past, discusses the importance of appropriate technology and human development, and summarizes the information needs of the rural poor in developing nations. Information dissemination programs using video- and audiotape technology in Bangladesh, Guatemala, and Peru are…

Storm, Bonnie L.

1982-01-01

161

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

162

A Cube Model for Competency Development: Implications for Psychology Educators and Regulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a conceptual framework for training in professional psychology focused on the construct of competency. The authors present a 3-dimensional competency model delineating the domains of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that serve as the foundation required of all psychologists, the domains of functional competencies that broadly define what psychologists do, and the stages of professional development from

Emil Rodolfa; Russ Bent; Elena Eisman; Paul Nelson; Lynn Rehm; Pierre Ritchie

2005-01-01

163

The effect of technology on learning during the acquisition and development of competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing body of evidence suggests that distinctive technological competence provide the basis for superior firm performance. However, few, if any, firms possess all the prerequisite competencies required for a given technology-product-market paradigm as they enter that market. This paper explores the different ways in which existing firms develop and intensify competence in response to the changing requirements of industry

Jonathan D. Linton; Steven T. Walsh

2000-01-01

164

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

165

Developing Performance Management CompetenceAn Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students’ performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback, disciplining employees, and conducting termination meetings. Procedures and assessment tools are provided for utilizing the exercise

Troy V. Mumford

2009-01-01

166

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

167

Development and Validation of the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) Self-Report Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|No self-report measure of cultural competence currently exists in program evaluation. Adapting items from cultural competence measures in fields such as counseling and nursing, the researchers developed the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) self-report scale. The goals of this study were to validate the CCPE and to assess…

Dunaway, Krystall E.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Porter, Bryan E.

2012-01-01

168

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPETENCE SCALE FOR LEARNING SCIENCE: INQUIRY AND COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to measure school students’ competence in learning science as part\\u000a of a large research project in Taiwan. The instrument consisted of 29 self-report, Likert-type items divided into 2 scales:\\u000a Competence in Scientific Inquiry and Competence in Communication. The Competence in Scientific Inquiry scale contained 4 subscales:\\u000a presenting questions and hypothesis,

Huey-Por Chang; Chin-Chang Chen; Gwo-Jen Guo; Yeong-Jin Cheng; Chen-Yung Lin; Tsung-Hau Jen

2011-01-01

169

Preliminary Insight of Information Literacy Competencies among School Library Media Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines library media teachers' perception of information literacy, their current levels of information literacy competencies, and the factors affecting information literacy implementation in secondary schools. 36 library media teachers from Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Kuala Lumpur participated in this self-report…

Tan, Shyh-Mee; Diljit, Singh

2010-01-01

170

Action Learning: Developing Critical Competencies for Knowledge Era Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of the twentieth century, the goal in education was the generation and dissemination of information. With the rise of technology and unlimited access to information, it is the ability to apply knowledge and learn from experience that is the new priority for employee development. Action learning, with its emphasis on action and reflection,…

Robinson, Greg

2005-01-01

171

Action learning: developing critical competencies for knowledge era workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

For most of the twentieth century, the goal in education was the generation and dissemination of information. With the rise of technology and unlimited access to information, it is the ability to apply knowledge and learn from experience that is the new priority for employee development. Action learning, with its emphasis on action and reflection, provides an effective means to

Greg Robinson

2005-01-01

172

Moral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long.

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

173

Competence-Related Metadata for Educational Resources that Support Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the 21st Century learning and training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects--as a…

Sampson, Demetrios G.

2009-01-01

174

The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): development and validation of a self-reported measure that fits dimensions of emotional competence theory.  

PubMed

Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one's own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals' adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one's own and others' emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

Brasseur, Sophie; Grégoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moïra

2013-05-06

175

Integrating STEM Information Competencies into an Undergraduate Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students in science disciplines often arrive at college without experience using primary science literature and lacking in skills required to manipulate information. A cohesive, curriculum-integrated information literacy program is crucial in teaching science majors how to determine information needs and to locate, evaluate, synthesize, and use information. Described are the best practices, challenges, and assessment tools as applied in the

Jeanine M. Scaramozzino

2010-01-01

176

Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

2010-01-01

177

Cultural Competence Development in Health Education Professional Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To date few studies have been conducted to assess the preparation of health educators in the area of cultural sensitivity and competence. The purpose of this study was to assess efforts and opportunities offered by health education professional preparation programs to prepare health educators in the area of cultural competence. One hundred…

Luquis, Raffy; Perez, Miguel; Young, Kathleen

2006-01-01

178

Developing the Great Eight Competencies with Leaderless Group Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Great Eight competencies are work behaviors that promote employee effectiveness in 21st-century organizations. These competencies include enterprising and performing, adapting and coping, organizing and executing, creating and conceptualizing, analyzing and interpreting, interacting and presenting, supporting and cooperating, and leading and…

Costigan, Robert D.; Donahue, Lynn

2009-01-01

179

The Interpersonal Competence Development Project: The Intersection of Theory and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Skill development exercises designed to promote the development of students' interpersonal competence have been the centerpiece of undergraduate interpersonal communication courses for decades. Research suggests that students develop interpersonal competence through exposure to and participation in skill development courses and activities. In…

Graham, Elizabeth E.; Mazer, Joseph P.

2011-01-01

180

Competencies for port and logistics personnel: An application of regional human resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that\\u000a have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel,\\u000a a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert interviews to develop a competency\\u000a survey. Six competency clusters and 16

Young-sik Ahn; Gary N. McLean

2008-01-01

181

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically developing children ages 4 to 14 years. Study 2 included 126 clinic-referred

Clark McKown; Laura M. Gumbiner; Nicole M. Russo; Meryl Lipton

2009-01-01

182

Developing culturally competent health knowledge: Issues of data analysis of cross-cultural, cross-language qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing awareness and interest in the development of culturally competent health knowledge. Drawing on experience using a qualitative approach to elicit information from Mandarin- or Cantonese-speaking participants for a colorectal cancer prevention study, the authors describe lessons learned through the analysis process. These lessons include benefits and drawbacks of the use of coders from the studied culture

Jenny Hsin-Chun Tsai; John H. Choe; Jeanette Mu Chen Lim; Elizabeth Acorda; Nadine L. Chan; Vicky M. Taylor; Shin-Ping Tu

2004-01-01

183

Developing competencies for using the interactive whiteboard to implement communicative language teaching in the English as a Foreign Language classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the findings of a case study conducted with an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teacher at a German secondary school. This case study is part of a research project that investigates the new competencies that EFL teachers need to acquire in order to be able to use the interactive whiteboard (IWB) to develop their practice, informed

Euline Cutrim Schmid

2010-01-01

184

Information Network Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The International Bureau of Education (IBE) and Unesco, together with their member states, are faced with the task of implementing a proposed network--the International Network for Educational Information (INED)--for the better use of information resources for educational development. This review of issues that need to be considered in the…

Mahon, F. V.

185

Competence to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative competence in adolescent defendants: cognitive development, attorney contact, and psychological symptoms.  

PubMed

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male and female defendants aged 11-17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation of Miranda Rights, the Fitness Interview Test (Revised Edition), the Woodcock-Johnson III Cognitive Assessment Battery, and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale for Children. Legal capacities relevant to interrogation and adjudication increased with age. These developmental differences were partially mediated or explained by cognitive development. Of the specific cognitive abilities examined (general intellectual ability, verbal ability, reasoning, long-term retrieval, attention, and executive functioning), verbal ability was a particularly strong predictor of performance on competency measures. Also, defendants obtained lower scores on competency measures if they showed evidence of attention deficits or hyperactivity, had spent limited time with their attorneys, and/or were from low socioeconomic backgrounds. PMID:16382358

Viljoen, Jodi L; Roesch, Ronald

2005-12-01

186

Developing Generic Competences in Online Virtual Education Programmes at the University of Deusto  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The current paper focuses on the increasing demand for generic competences both from governments and industries. Despite this fact, there is insufficient awareness and information in education systems on how to equip graduates with appropriate generic competences for the world of work and citizenship. This is even more complicated in…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2012-01-01

187

Research in the Biotech Age: Can Informational Privacy Compete?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the privacy of personal medical information in the health research context. Arguing that biomedical research in Canada has been caught up in the government's broader neoliberal policy agenda that has positioned biotechnology as a strategic driver of economic growth, the author discusses the tension between informational

Peekhaus, Wilhelm

2008-01-01

188

Information Competence of Doctoral Students in Information Science in Spain and Latin America: A Self-Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study was carried out with students of official doctoral programs of Information Science in four universities in Spain and Latin America with the purpose of finding out, through self-assessments, student perceptions of their own information competence. A survey was designed to determine self-perceptions of knowledge, skills and attitudes…

Pinto, Maria; Fernandez-Ramos, Andres; Sanchez, Gerardo; Meneses, Grizly

2013-01-01

189

Implementing KSF competency testing in primary care. Part 1: developing an appraisal tool.  

PubMed

The delivery of an effective community nursing workforce relies on competent staff. Commissioners will need to be assured that their providers employ competent, efficient staff who give value for money. The Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) was introduced as part of Agenda for Change to identify the competences required, but competency testing using the KSF has not been fully implemented across the UK, and measuring competency, using the KSF indicators, still leaves much room for variation and a non-standardized approach. In the first of this two-part article, the authors discuss the process through which the provider services of one London PCT developed standardized competences using the KSF which were linked to staff performance and which provided clear areas for individual development. PMID:20966843

Bentley, Jenny; Dandy-Hughes, Harlene

2010-10-01

190

Health librarians: developing professional competence through a 'legitimate peripheral participation' model.  

PubMed

This feature considers the legitimate peripheral participation model in developing professional competencies in health librarianship. It is described how this model was used in the development of a framework for mapping and recognising the competencies gained by new health librarians at the Royal Free Hospital Medical Library. HS. PMID:22051132

Clarke, Sara; Thomas, Zoe

2011-09-07

191

Quality Literacy--Competencies for Quality Development in Education and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article suggests that stakeholders involved in quality development need a specific competence, called quality literacy, in order to successfully improve learning processes. We introduce and describe quality literacy as a set of competencies that are needed for professional quality development. Quality literacy emphasises the importance of…

Ehlers, Ulf-Daniel

2007-01-01

192

The paradoxical role of competence development in supply chain management: empirical findings from Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supply chain management (SCM) is an important way to enhance competitive strength. This paper focuses on the importance that commercial companies place on competence development in relation to SCM and the extent to which they are prepared to work systematically in order to develop the competence needed to meet the SCM challenges. Findings from a nation-wide empirical study, reported in

M. Heide; T. I. Vaaland; K. Grønhaug

2008-01-01

193

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Automated Systems/Robotics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in automated systems/robotics. Existing programs were reviewed by the task force and a list of sample competencies was developed and sent to area…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

194

Developing Employee Competence. Symposium 25. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains three papers from a symposium on developing employee competence. The first paper, "Coaching in Organizations: Self-Assessment of Competence" (Gary N. McLean, Min-Hsun [Christine] Kuo), reports on development and pilot-testing of an instrument to identify the developmental needs of managers and peers to function more…

2000

195

Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the…

Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

2008-01-01

196

Explaining information technology usage: A test of competing models  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much of the prior information technology (IT) research has attempted to explain users’ acceptance of new IT, recent research has focused on IT continuance or continued usage. The technology acceptance model (TAM) and the expectation–disconfirmation theory (EDT) are currently the dominant referent theoretical frameworks explaining user acceptance and continuance of IT, respectively. However, no study to date has yet

G. Premkumar; Anol Bhattacherjee

2008-01-01

197

Developing high-level change and innovation agents: competencies and challenges for executive leadership.  

PubMed

The work of health care reform and revolution requires leadership competencies that integrate the digital realities of time, space, and media. Leadership skills and behaviors of command, control, and directing from predigital times are no longer effective, given the impacts of the digital changes. Developing leadership competence in evidence-driven processes, facilitation, collaborative teamwork, and instilling a sense of urgency is the work of today's executive leaders. Ten competencies necessary for contemporary executive leadership are presented in this article. PMID:23222755

Malloch, Kathy; Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek

198

Use of health fairs to develop public health nursing competencies.  

PubMed

This paper describes a community-campus partnership for health education established through the effort of faculty, students, and the community. Health fairs designed to address issues of concern to a community agency were originally conducted with nursing students. This partnership between nursing and a community was expanded to include social work, physical therapy, and medical students. A shared learning experience was structured through the presentation of health fairs in collaboration with agencies in Burlington, Vermont. One goal of nursing education is to produce professionals who have the beginning competencies of public health nursing. Reflection on the process, relationships, and outcomes of the health fairs revealed that students attained these beginning competencies in all eight public health nursing competency domains. Combining community-campus partnerships and an interdisciplinary focus enabled nursing students to become more responsive to community needs and to learn to work collaboratively toward creating healthier communities, thus building skills required for public health nursing. PMID:16684193

Maltby, Hendrika

199

Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

Nagarkar, S.

2010-10-01

200

The Role of Students’ Personality Characteristics, Self-Perceived Competence and Learning Conceptions in the Acquisition and Development of Social Communicative Competence: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important purpose of higher social work education is to guide students to acquire and develop social-communicative competencies.\\u000a The purpose of this study was to investigate the role students’ personality characteristics, self-perceived communicative\\u000a competence and learning conceptions play in the acquisition and development of social-communicative competencies. We designed\\u000a and tested a hypothetical model on the student-related variables – self-perceived communicative

A. W. E. A. Bakx; J. M. M. Van der Sanden; K. Sijtsma; M. A. Croon; Y. J. M. Vermetten

2006-01-01

201

Developing psychotherapists' competence through clinical supervision: protocol for a qualitative study of supervisory dyads  

PubMed Central

Background Mental health professionals face unique demands and stressors in their work, resulting in high rates of burnout and distress. Clinical supervision is a widely adopted and valued mechanism of professional support, development, and accountability, despite the very limited evidence of specific impacts on therapist or client outcomes. The current study aims to address this by exploring how psychotherapists develop competence through clinical supervision and what impact this has on the supervisees’ practice and their clients’ outcomes. This paper provides a rationale for the study and describes the protocol for an in-depth qualitative study of supervisory dyads, highlighting how it addresses gaps in the literature. Methods/Design The study of 16–20 supervisor-supervisee dyads uses a qualitative mixed method design, with two phases. In phase one, supervisors who are nominated as expert by their peers are interviewed about their supervision practice. In phase two, supervisors record a supervision session with a consenting supervisee; interpersonal process recall interviews are conducted separately with supervisor and supervisee to reflect in depth on the teaching and learning processes occurring. All interviews will be transcribed, coded and analysed to identify the processes that build competence, using a modified form of Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) strategies. Using a theory-building case study method, data from both phases of the study will be integrated to develop a model describing the processes that build competence and support wellbeing in practising psychotherapists, reflecting the accumulated wisdom of the expert supervisors. Discussion The study addresses past study limitations by examining expert supervisors and their supervisory interactions, by reflecting on actual supervision sessions, and by using dyadic analysis of the supervisory pairs. The study findings will inform the development of future supervision training and practice and identify fruitful avenues for future research.

2013-01-01

202

Measuring Learning and Development in Cross-Cultural Competence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For deployed U.S. military personnel, cross-cultural skills are more important than ever before. Cross-cultural competence is critical to mission success, and specifically, because Soldiers can no longer predict where their next deployments may be, genera...

A. Grandjean E. L. Papautsky K. J. Behymer M. J. McCloskey

2012-01-01

203

Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of…

Kohli, Hermeet K.; Huber, Ruth; Faul, Anna C.

2010-01-01

204

The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact…

He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

2009-01-01

205

Talent management – competency development: key to global leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to draw lessons on how building a talent management strategy based on competency profiling becomes a critical impact area within the field of strategic HRM. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case study discusses an Indian pharmaceutical organisation, the environment and the issues arising in context to talent management. The case discusses a well designed

Rakesh Sharma; Jyotsna Bhatnagar

2009-01-01

206

School Library Media Supervisor Competencies: A Cyclic Design for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selected group of 18 school library media supervisors from Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and Hawaii met in an institute to systematically identify the essential competencies for their role and to interact with a group of nine instructors of library media education in colleges and universities. The institute program was conducted in three stages,…

Ahlers, Eleanor E.; Wieman, Jean B.

207

The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

2009-01-01

208

Developing Intercultural Competence through the Learning Community Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning Communities (LC) represent an alternative model of teaching and learning in higher education that can foster intercultural competence and knowledge. "Some of the distinctive features of LCs are that they are usually smaller than most units on campus, they help overcome the isolation of faculty members from one another and their students,…

Rivera-Mills, Susana V.

2010-01-01

209

Professional Development for Occupational Specialist: Occupational Competency Testing. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The organization, scope, and activities of the Indiana Occupational Competency Testing Center were expanded to accommodate the requirements of the new Occupational Specialist Certificate for secondary vocational teacher credentialling. A pilot project involved three regional sites in the state. The director of the host area site acted as area…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.

210

Developing the Indicators of Professional Competency for Kindergarten Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of school education is directly related to the quality of the teacher. In addition to evaluating the teacher's temperament, spirit and character, the judgment of the teacher's ease or awkwardness also indicates the teacher's professional knowledge, skills, and attitude. Hence, qualified kindergarten teachers should be equipped with excellent pedagogical and crisis control competencies besides being well acquainted with

CHING-CHANG LIN; CHI-TUNG CHEN

2006-01-01

211

Development of Competence in Dynamic Learning Environments. No. 79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Perspective Text Analysis is a way to measure competence by measuring the strategy of synthesizing, which intelligence tests or questionnaires cannot measure. This paper proposes the use of Perspective Text Analysis in the study of instructional materials. Perspective Text Analysis has been applied in various learning environments, and the…

Bierschenk, Inger

212

Validation and Development of Competencies for Meeting Planners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the entry-level requirements for meeting planners. The study benefited from the definition of the body of knowledge that had already been done for a professional meeting planner certificate by the Association of Professional Meeting Planners International. To document the competencies needed for an entry-level…

Walk, Mary H.

213

Sustainable Competitive Advantage through Information Technology Competence: Resource-Based View on Small and Medium Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technology (ICT) has been the main focused of Malaysian government to strengthen the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the country. However, scholars in resource-based view acknowledge that sustainable competitive advantage can only be achieved through building a co-specialised ICT competence between the human factors and ICT facilities in the firm. In the context of SMEs, the

J. W. Ong; Hishamuddin Bin Ismail

214

Stereotypes About Physical and Social Characteristics Based on Social and Professional Competence Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assumed connection between social and professional competence and physical and social personal qualities were examined by having American undergraduate students make attributions about a target described in a fictitious case study. Information about the target's social and professional success was varied to create high and low levels of each; both target and subject sex were also varied. Subjets estimated

Arnie Cann

1991-01-01

215

Designing Information Technology Governance Processes: Diagnosing Contemporary Practices and Competing Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas previous studies have been primarily focused on the structural features of Information Technology governance, this paper describes an exploratory study of IT governance processes. Rooted in competing theories of organizational decision-making, and based on a case study investigation of large complex organizations, this paper examines the design and effectiveness of IT governance processes from both rational and social perspectives.

Pieter M. A. Ribbers; Ryan Peterson; Marylin M. Parker

2002-01-01

216

An Evaluative Case Study on Professional Competency of Preservice Information Technology Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to evaluate preservice Information Technology (IT) teachers' professional competency in the teaching process. The study was designed on the basis of evaluative case study. The participants of the study consisted of seven preservice IT teachers attending the department of Computer Education and Instructional…

Kabakci Yurdakul, Isil

2011-01-01

217

Excellence in School Nursing Practice: Developing a National Perspective on School Nurse Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing national standards for school nurse competencies can influence professional practice, student wellbeing, and achievement. Collaboration between national experts is key. Closely aligning work of the Southern Regional Education Board Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing on entry-level competencies with the "Standards of…

Bobo, Nichole; Adams, Virginia W.; Cooper, Leslie

2002-01-01

218

Developing Performance Assessments To Measure Teacher Competency in the Use of Educational Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Connecticut State Department of Education has established three levels of educational technology competencies for teachers. Over the past several years researchers at the University of Connecticut had developed a number of performance assessments to measure the extent to which teachers possess these educational technology competencies. This…

Archambault, Francis X., Jr.; Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Brown, Scott W.; Rezendes, George J.

219

Competency-based curriculum development: An experimental model for social service workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The call for relevance in higher education has opened the doorway from the classroom to the community. Creative methods to provide viable academic exercises within this context are being sought by increasing numbers of faculty and administrators. Competency-based curriculum development is one method being proposed as having strong potential. This article describes a competency design and documentation process that was

George C. Burrill

1977-01-01

220

Assessing Cross-Cultural Competence in Transnational Education: The Intercultural Development Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS), Bennett's conceptual framework for understanding the developmental stages of intercultural competence, and the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI), a psychometric instrument for measuring cross-cultural competence and training needs, in both individuals and groups, and…

Greenholtz, Joe

2000-01-01

221

Leading with Diversity: Cultural Competencies for Teacher Preparation and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the student population in schools becomes increasingly diverse, many teachers need professional development to build cultural competencies--the skills and awareness related to issues such as culture, language, race, and ethnicity. This book draws together in one place the research and practical knowledge about cultural competencies that…

Trumbull, Elise; Pacheco, Maria

2005-01-01

222

A Manual of Competency Matched Instructional Materials for Developing Coal Mining Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To assist in the development of secondary level coal mining curricula, this report identifies sixty-four competencies considered by coal mining companies and instructors to be of major or moderate importance. Also, four tables are used to aid curriculum planners. Table 1 contains occupational competencies ranked in importance for the secondary…

Katz, Douglas S.; Oglesby, Elizabeth H.

223

Healthcare Provider Cultural Competency: Development and Initial Validation of a Patient Report Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Health researchers have proposed that provider cultural competency may contribute to health disparities. Yet, this belief continues to lack empirical support, and this is due in part to measurement issues that have plagued the cultural competency construct. In the present research, we report on the development of a theoretically grounded, generally applicable, and patient report measure of provider cultural

Todd Lucas; Georgia Michalopoulou; Pamela Falzarano; Shanti Menon; Windy Cunningham

2008-01-01

224

The Development of Professional Competencies by Educational Assistants in School-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The process of developing competencies by students in a school-based initial teacher education program was analyzed for a whole currently available population of 26 in-service students preparing to become educational assistants using: (1) a Kolb-type questionnaire on learning style; (2) a storyline instrument graphically showing competence grows…

Taconis, R.; van der Plas, P.; van der Sanden, J.

2004-01-01

225

Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2009-01-01

226

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Counseling Women Competencies Scale (CWCS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the Counseling Women Competencies Scale (CWCS). The CWCS is designed to assess clinicians' self-perceived competencies with regard to therapeutic practice with diverse female clients. Through an extensive review of the literature on counseling women and expert review by 32…

Ancis, Julie R.; Szymanski, Dawn M.; Ladany, Nicholas

2008-01-01

227

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

228

An Evaluation of Leadership Competencies and Professional Development Recommendations for the Leaders of Delaware Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is no specialized professional leadership development for the leaders of adult education in Delaware. This study examined competencies for such leaders as the researcher adapted a survey instrument asking participants to rank the relevance of performance indicators, derived from leadership competencies, to their work responsibilities, and…

Grossman, Michael P.

2009-01-01

229

Developing Competence Profiles for Educators in Environmental Education Organisations in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study explores the meanings and possible merits of introducing competence profiles for enhancing professional development in the environmental education sector in the Netherlands. It presents the three most important environmental education jobs and their underlying competencies alongside their core professional challenges, as…

Wesselink, Renate; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2011-01-01

230

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

231

A Home-Grown Program for Raising Faculty Information Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a workshop program developed at the California State University Sacramento to familiarize faculty with the library's electronic resources. The broad subject areas targeted were business, humanities, social sciences, and science and technology. Training covered the online catalog, article indexes, and databases. Evaluations of the…

Hall, Leilani

1999-01-01

232

Basic Information Seeking Competencies: High School to College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet of materials was developed by the members of a joint task force of librarians from school, public, and college libraries in Ohio as a means of facilitating closer cooperation in defining library instructional goals and activities. It begins with a discussion of the need for such cooperation and suggested roles for classroom teachers…

Ohio Library Association, Columbus.

233

Cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct: conceptual bases and implications for curriculum development.  

PubMed

This paper outlines the conceptual bases of "cognitive competence" as a positive youth development construct and the implications for curriculum development. Cognitive competence refers to the cognitive processes that comprise (i) creative thinking, which includes various creative thinking styles, such as legislative, global, and local thinking styles; and (ii) critical thinking, which includes reasoning, making inferences, self-reflection, and coordination of multiple views. Based on the adolescent development progression on cognitive competence, and with reference to Hong Kong Chinese context, six units are designed to promote creative and critical thinking for Secondary 1-3 students in the Project P.A.T.H.S., supported by the Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust. In the Secondary 1 curriculum, the goals of the units are to enable students to recognize different but inter-related thinking styles and to apply these thinking skills to deal with daily life issues. The goal in the Secondary 2 curriculum is to enhance students' creative thinking skills to solve problems, whereas the goal in the Secondary 3 curriculum is to enhance students' critical thinking skills to accept beliefs and make decisions. PMID:17068922

Sun, Rachel C F; Hui, Eadaoin K P

234

History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

2004-04-01

235

Cognitive Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

This paper focuses on discussing critical thinking and creative thinking as the core cognitive competence. It reviews and compares several theories of thinking, highlights the features of critical thinking and creative thinking, and delineates their interrelationships. It discusses cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct by linking its relationships with adolescent development and its contributions to adolescents' learning and wellbeing. Critical thinking and creative thinking are translated into self-regulated cognitive skills for adolescents to master and capitalize on, so as to facilitate knowledge construction, task completion, problem solving, and decision making. Ways of fostering these thinking skills, cognitive competence, and ultimately positive youth development are discussed.

Sun, Rachel C. F.; Hui, Eadaoin K. P.

2012-01-01

236

Cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.  

PubMed

This paper focuses on discussing critical thinking and creative thinking as the core cognitive competence. It reviews and compares several theories of thinking, highlights the features of critical thinking and creative thinking, and delineates their interrelationships. It discusses cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct by linking its relationships with adolescent development and its contributions to adolescents' learning and wellbeing. Critical thinking and creative thinking are translated into self-regulated cognitive skills for adolescents to master and capitalize on, so as to facilitate knowledge construction, task completion, problem solving, and decision making. Ways of fostering these thinking skills, cognitive competence, and ultimately positive youth development are discussed. PMID:22654575

Sun, Rachel C F; Hui, Eadaoin K P

2012-04-24

237

Social Competence: Development of an Indicator for Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a new measure based on eight parent-reported items designed for use in large nationally representative surveys\\u000a to assess social competence among children and adolescents 6 to 17 years of age. The measure’s psychometric characteristics\\u000a were evaluated using data (N?=?67,405) from the 2003 (U.S.) National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH), a broad cross-sectional random-digit-dial telephone\\u000a survey sponsored by the U.S.

Stephen J. Blumberg; Adam C. Carle; Kathleen S. O’Connor; Kristin Anderson Moore; Laura H. Lippman

2008-01-01

238

Effect of Selected Antibiotics and Other Inhibitors on Competence Development in Haemophilus Influenzae.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effect of streptomycin, penicillin, polymyxin, chloramphenicol, novobiocin, erythromycin, D-cycloserine, 8-azaguanine, and 6-azauracil on competence development in Haemophilus influenzae was studied. D-cycloserine and 6-azauracil had no inhibitory eff...

J. M. Ranhand H. C. Lichstein

1968-01-01

239

Exploring the process of multicultural competence development and training of counselor trainees of color  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the process of multicultural competence development and training of counselor trainees of color through a mixed-method research design. Specifically, a correlational design was utilized examine the relationship between the perceptions of trainees of color regarding their multicultural training (climate\\/comfort; multicultural curriculum\\/supervision) and their multicultural competence development in the self-awareness domain. Seventy-six participants (67 female; 9 male) completed

Jaya Thoppil Mathew

2011-01-01

240

Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

Cochran, Graham Ralph

2009-01-01

241

Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development.

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

242

Height in mid childhood and psychosocial competencies in late childhood: Evidence from four developing countries.  

PubMed

We use longitudinal data from children growing up in four developing countries (Peru, India, Vietnam, Ethiopia) to study the relationship between height at the age of 7-8 and a set of psychosocial competencies measured at the age of 11-12 that are known to be correlated with earnings during adulthood: self-efficacy, self-esteem and aspirations. Results show that a one standard deviation increase in height-for-age tends to increase self-efficacy, self-esteem and aspirations by 10.4%, 6.4% and 5.1%, respectively. We argue that these findings are likely to be informing of an underlying relationship between undernutrition and the formation of non-cognitive skills. PMID:23669463

Dercon, Stefan; Sánchez, Alan

2013-04-01

243

Educating medical students as competent users of health information technologies: the MSOP data.  

PubMed

As more health information technologies become part of the health care environment, the need for physicians with medical informatics competencies is growing. In 2006, a survey was created to determine the degree to which the Association of American Medical College's Medical School Objectives Project (MSOP) medical informatics competencies had been incorporated into medical school curricula in the United States. Methods: a web-based tool was used to create the survey; medical education deans or their designees were requested to complete the survey. Analysis focused on the clinician, researcher, and manager roles of physicians. Results: Seventy usable surveys were returned. Many of the objectives were stated in the schools' respective curricula and the competencies were being evaluated. However, only a few schools taught and assessed the medical informatics objectives that required interaction with health information. Conclusion: To insure that physicians have the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to effectively and efficiently interact with today's health information technologies, more medical informatics concepts need to be included and assessed in all undergraduate medical education curricula in the United States. PMID:17911947

McGowan, Julie J; Passiment, Morgan; Hoffman, Helene M

2007-01-01

244

Competence in Teaching Mindfulness-Based Courses: Concepts, Development and Assessment.  

PubMed

There has been a groundswell of interest in the UK in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and its derivatives, particularly Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Many health, education and social work practitioners have sought ways to develop their competencies as mindfulness-based teachers, and increasing numbers of organisations are developing mindfulness-based training programmes. However, the rapid expansion of interest in mindfulness-based approaches has meant that those people offering training for MBSR and MBCT teachers have had to consider some quite fundamental questions about training processes, standards and competence. They also need to consider how to develop a robust professional context for the next generation of mindfulness-based teachers. The ways in which competencies are addressed in the secular mainstream contexts in which MBSR and MBCT are taught are examined to enable a consideration of the particularities of mindfulness-based teaching competence. A framework suggesting how competencies develop in trainees is presented. The current status of methodologies for assessing competencies used in mindfulness-based training and research programmes is reviewed. We argue that the time is ripe to continue to develop these dialogues across the international community of mindfulness-based trainers and teachers. PMID:23293683

Crane, Rebecca S; Kuyken, Willem; Williams, J Mark G; Hastings, Richard P; Cooper, Lucinda; Fennell, Melanie J V

2011-09-22

245

Is competence set expansion in the information service industry a planned behavior? The moderating effects of action control style  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological advancement has brought dramatic changes to most industries. As a result, the pressure to compete has intensified tremendously. This is especially evident in the information service (IS) industry where the need of companies to expand their employees' competence set (CS) becomes critical. This study investigated whether CS expansion in the IS industry is a planned behavior moderated by individual

Daniel Y. Shee; Ya-Ling Wu

2008-01-01

246

On the Relation between Social Information Processing and Socially Competent Behavior in Early School-Aged Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Videorecorded stimuli were used to assess social information processing patterns in 3 domains (peer group entry, response to provocation, and response to authority directive) in 259 first, second, and third graders. Teacher and peer ratings of behavior competence supported the hypothesis that children's behavioral competence is a function of…

Dodge, Kenneth A.; Price, Joseph M.

1994-01-01

247

Information Literacy and its Relationship to Cognitive Development and Reflective Judgment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article maps the Association of College and Research Libraries' Information Competency Standards for Higher Education to the cognitive development levels developed by William G. Perry and Patricia King and Karen Kitchener to suggest which competencies are appropriate for which level of cognitive development. (Contains 1 table.)|

Jackson, Rebecca

2008-01-01

248

Zoning, Development Timing, and Agricultural Land Use at the Suburban Fringe: A Competing Risks Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competing risks survival analysis is used to investigate tax and zoning policy impacts on residential, commercial, and industrial development timing in a rapidly growing Midwestern county. Industrial development appears both to precede and occur concurrently with residential development, while commercial development follows other types. Although residences appear to locate away from industrial land, zoning decisions favoring industry may attract rather

Diane Hite; Brent Sohngen; Josh Templeton

2003-01-01

249

The specificity and the development of social-emotional competence in a multi-ethnic-classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Ethnic diversity in schools increases due to globalization. Thus, the children's social-emotional competence development must be considered in the context of a multi-ethnic classroom. METHODS: In this study, the social-emotional competence of 65 Asian-American and Latin-American children was observed at the beginning and the end of their kindergarten year. RESULTS: Initially, significant differences existed among these ethnic groups in

Katja Petrowski; Ulf Herold; Peter Joraschky; Agnes von Wyl; Manfred Cierpka

2009-01-01

250

Coping with Complex Real-World Problems: Strategies for Developing the Competency of Transdisciplinary Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Real world problems are complex and therefore between and beyond disciplines. To solve them requires expertise across several\\u000a disciplines. This paper argues that we need to teach students transdisciplinary collaboration as a competency demanded in\\u000a future work places. We describe two learning strategies, ”breadth-first” and ”Long Tail”, to help develop these competencies\\u000a in graduate students. An implementation of these strategies

Gitta Domik; Gerhard Fischer

251

Developing sexual competence? Exploring strategies for the provision of effective sexualities and relationships education  

Microsoft Academic Search

School?based sexualities and relationships education (SRE) offers one of the most promising means of improving young people's sexual health through developing ‘sexual competence’. In the absence of evidence on whether the term holds the same meanings for young people and adults (e.g. teachers, researchers, policy?makers), the paper explores ‘adult’ notions of sexual competence as construed in research data and alluded

Julia Hirst

2008-01-01

252

Developing an Information Literacy Action Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to increase the benefits that the student receives from bibliographic instruction, many community college libraries are incorporating the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) into their BI programs. In order to take full advantage of the Competency

Johnson, Wendell G.

2009-01-01

253

Development and psychometric evaluation of the competency inventory for nursing students: a learning outcome perspective.  

PubMed

Deficiency in essential core competencies could jeopardize the safety of patients. Adopting the outcome-based approach, a set of minimally required core competencies for nursing students was developed to ensure the quality of nursing education. Determination of what point to measure competency is needed. Most importantly, competence indicators of nursing students can be used in curriculum development, planning, and learning outcome evaluation. The purpose of this study was to develop a competency inventory to measure learning outcomes of baccalaureate nursing students and to test its psychometric properties. Psychometric testing was conducted with a convenience sample of 599 nursing students in 2011. Principal axis factor analysis was performed on the 52-item scale to determine construct validity and Cronbach's alpha was used to measure the internal consistency. Principal axis factoring method identified six factors through the direct oblimin rotations including pattern matrix and structure matrix: ethical and responsibility, general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring and critical thinking reasoning. Exploratory factor analysis yielded an instrument with 43-items on six factors, accounting for 69.84% of the variance in scores. The Competency Inventory of Nursing Students (CINS) factors ranged from 0.91 to 0.98. This study shows that the Competency Inventory of Nursing Students has satisfactory psychometric properties and could be a useful instrument for measuring learning outcomes of nursing student. The competence indicators show merit for assessing learning outcomes for nursing students in nursing education. However, a cross-validation of the scale with another sample is also needed. PMID:22727581

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing

2012-06-21

254

NAIT CPD. Competency Profile Development: A Systems Approach for Program Review Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Engineering Technologies Division of the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Canada has developed a systems approach to program review called Competency Profile Development (CPD). This approach utilizes a combination of organizational communication, project management, management-by-objectives, a modified Developing A…

Dhariwal, Mave

255

An Assessment System for Competence Based Education: The Educational Development, Dissemination, and Evaluation Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides a description of the development and a guide to the use of the assessment resources developed in connection with the Far West Development, Dissemination, and Evaluation (DD&E) Functional Competence Training Program. The document concentrates on a user-oriented description of the content, validation, and use of the final…

Hood, Paul D.; Blackwell, Laird

256

Requisite Competencies and Skills for E-Merchandisers: Developing an Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|New career opportunities exist for family and consumer sciences (FCS)professionals as traditional formats for shopping service, and information transition to a virtual environment. The requisite competencies and skills necessary for effective online operations are identified. Interactions with industry personnel and supporting literature revealed…

Crutsinger, Christy; Forney, Judith C.; Brandon, Lynn; Jackson, Renee S.

2006-01-01

257

A Study of Minimum Competency Testing Programs. Final Program Development Resource Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource document represents the integration of both practice and theory related to minimum competency testing (MCT), and is largely based on information collected in a nationwide survey of MCT programs. Chapter 1, To Implement or Not to Implement MCT, by Marcy R. Perkins, presents a definition of MCT and a discussion of the perceived…

Gorth, William Phillip; Perkins, Marcy R.

258

Preventing Violence by Promoting the Development of Competent Conflict Resolution Skills: Exploring Roles and Responsibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the relationship between conflict and violence through a review of the literature about young children's conflict with their peers. Information about the nature of young children's conflicts and how teachers respond is presented and discussed in relation to 3 questions. First, do conflicts between children lead to violence? Second, what constitutes competent conflict resolution behavior? Third, how

Dora W. Chen

2003-01-01

259

Ethical and Competent Care of Suicidal Patients: Contemporary Challenges, New Developments, and Considerations for Clinical Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical work with suicidal patients has become increasingly challenging in recent years. It is argued that contemporary issues related to working with suicidal patients have come to pose a number of considerable professional and even ethical hazards for psychologists. Among various concerns, these challenges include providing sufficient informed consent, performing competent assessments of suicidal risk, using empirically supported treatments\\/interventions, and

David A. Jobes; M. David Rudd; James C. Overholser; Thomas E. Joiner

2008-01-01

260

Developing Emotionally Competent Teachers: Emotional Intelligence and Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Classrooms are emotional places, filled at different times with enjoyment, excitement, anger, hurt and boredom. The teacher's skill in working with emotional information and in regulating their own and their pupils' emotion impacts upon what and how pupils learn. But what emotional competence do teachers need? Can they learn this in pre-service…

Corcoran, Roisin P.; Tormey, Roland

2012-01-01

261

Developing an Information Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

Hanson, Terry

2011-01-01

262

Developing an Information Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

Hanson, Terry

2011-01-01

263

Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

Renshaw, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

264

Development of Instructional Resource Guides for Competency-Based Education in Selected Industrial Arts Areas. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted in Virginia to develop a coordinated, articulated, competency-based curriculum for selected industrial arts areas from an identified common core of competencies. The competencies would include a set of performance objectives, a set of criterion-referenced measures, and a set of instructional resource guides in the…

Thomas Nelson Community Coll., Hampton, VA.

265

Behavior competence development through e-learning: experience at the undergraduate level in the context of Aula a Distancia Abierta (ADA) Madrid, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This communication presents the results of an innovative approach for competence development suggesting a new methodology for the integration of these elements in professional development within the ADA initiative (Aula a Distancia Abierta, Distance and Open Classroom) of the Community of Madrid. The main objective of this initiative is to promote the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for

Ignacio de los Ríos Carmenado; José María Díaz-Puente; Francisca Gómez Gajardo

2011-01-01

266

Development of a Model Competency-Based Orientation Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The orientation of graduate baccalaureate nursing students is a challenging and exciting task for the U.S. Air Force (USAF) staff development educator. In addition, the staff development educator must also orient nurses that may already be experienced in ...

M. J. Boswell

1988-01-01

267

Economic Development Policy: Explaining Policy Preferences among Competing Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on political and bureaucratic factors that retard the reform of U.S. economic development policy. Several models for economic development are examined, as are the policy preferences among them. A typology is presented of different development policies integrating the various political, bureaucratic, and environmental factors. (GLR)

Spindler, Charles J.; Forrester, John P.

1993-01-01

268

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

269

Developing competencies by playing digital sports-games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly implemented in educational settings by

Rolf Kretschmann

2010-01-01

270

Developing Faculty ICT Competencies Inside and Outside the Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite all the financial resources that are directed to support and acquire learning technologies, the results have been generally disappointing. Faculty are eager to use technology but lack the technical skills, ability, and experience. Library staff includes a talent tool rich in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)\\/WEB 2.0 technical expertise and experience. In terms of content sourcing and procurement, library

James A. Buczynski; Saira Rachel Mall

2010-01-01

271

How to develop a competency-based head nurse orientation program.  

PubMed

The ability to effectively and efficiently develop competent head nurses is a major challenge in today's health care environment. Memorial Hospital of South Bend, IN, a 526-bed tertiary care facility, faced this challenge. As a result, a program was developed that reduced the learning time of newly appointed head nurses. Mentoring and hands-on practical learning strategies were used. This article describes (1) the reasons for developing a competency-based head nurse orientation program, (2) the steps necessary for its implementation, (3) the benefits of such a program, and (4) the results of the program at Memorial Hospital. PMID:10304245

Becker, J; Ellson, S K

272

The Development of the Competency Oriented Personalized Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following more than 2 years of study and research, the faculty of the College of Education developed a plan whereby the student experience is focused on three major elements: a) the Individualized Learning System, b) the Field Experience, and c) the Personal Development Experience. These three elements are integrated to constitute a total…

Wisconsin Univ., Superior. Coll. of Education.

273

Developing and Testing Competency Levels for Laparoscopic Skills Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypothesis: Expert levels can be developed for use as training end points for a basic video-trainer skills curriculum, and the levels developed will be suitable for training. Design: Fifty subjects with minimal prior simulator ex- posure were enrolled using an institutional review board- approved protocol. As a measure of baseline perfor- mance, medical students (n=11) and surgery residents (n=39) completed

James R. Korndorffer; Daniel J. Scott; Rafael Sierra; William C. Brunner; J. Bruce Dunne; Douglas P. Slakey; Michael C. Townsend; Robert L. Hewitt

2005-01-01

274

Competing Contexts for Developing Personal and Social Education in Hong Kong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the significance of competing contexts (physical, historical, political, cultural, economic, sociological, and legal contexts) in the development of personal and social education in Hong Kong. Compares Western and Chinese (especially Confucian) views and values related to personal and social education and the development of understanding…

Luk, Fong Yuk Yee Pattie

2001-01-01

275

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

276

Organizing and Conducting Staff Development Activities for Vocational Teachers. Competency-Based Administrator Education Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of seven instructional materials designed for competency-based vocational education administrator education, this module is intended to assist the learner in developing or reacquiring the necessary skills to administer a quality staff development program. Emphasis is placed on four skills related to meeting teachers' inservice needs:…

Ely, Ron H.; And Others

277

Teach the Children Well: A Holistic Approach to Developing Psychosocial and Behavioral Competencies Through Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of a positive youth development perspective is the promotion of healthy physical and psychosocial development in young people. This approach consists of social-contextual features (e.g., teacher behaviors, classroom structure, student activities) that help equip youth with attributes, skills, competencies, and values that will contribute to their role as productive, socially conscious, and healthy citizens. School physical education represents

Maureen R. Weiss

2011-01-01

278

Concepts of Culture and Their Role in the Development of Culturally Competent Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to review different ways that culture has been used in developing the notion of culturally competent mental health services and to provide an enhanced definition of culture through a critical review of these ideas. We discuss different dimensions of culture that emerge as important issues in the development of bilingual\\/bicultural psychiatric programs. We provide

Peter J. Guarnaccia; Orlando Rodriguez

1996-01-01

279

Teach the Children Well: A Holistic Approach to Developing Psychosocial and Behavioral Competencies through Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of a positive youth development perspective is the promotion of healthy physical and psychosocial development in young people. This approach consists of social-contextual features (e.g., teacher behaviors, classroom structure, student activities) that help equip youth with attributes, skills, competencies, and values that will contribute…

Weiss, Maureen R.

2011-01-01

280

Establishing a vendor neutral skills based framework for digital forensics curriculum development and competence assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines an approach being undertaken between ECU and the Australian Electronic Evidence Special Advisory Group (EESAG) in the production of vendor neutral skills matrix for developing curriculum and evaluating competence. The framework is constructed using Blooms Taxonomy of Learning. This is a work in progress paper and covers the inital stages of the development

Craig Valli

2006-01-01

281

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

282

Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

2012-01-01

283

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

284

Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

2011-01-01

285

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

286

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

287

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

288

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

289

Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

2012-01-01

290

Toward the Development and Validation of a Career Coach Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The career coaching profession is a dynamic field that has grown over the last decade. However, there exists a limitation to this field's development, as there is no universally accepted definition or empirically based competencies. There were three phases to the study. In the first phase, a conceptual model was developed that highlights four…

Hatala, John-Paul; Hisey, Lee

2011-01-01

291

Design of the Accounting Course Focusing on the Development of Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this work is to develop a proposal for a methodology in the university environment that enables us to design our course with an approach based on the development and acquisition of competences within the framework of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), allowing a transition from a model focused on teaching to a model focused on…

Ciudad-Gomez, Adelaida

2011-01-01

292

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

293

Developing a Competency-Based Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The CompHP Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion was developed as part of the CompHP Project that aimed to develop competency-based standards and an accreditation system for health promotion practice, education, and training in Europe. Method: A phased, multiple-method approach was employed to facilitate consensus…

Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Van der Zanden, Gerard; Schipperen, Marielle; Contu, Paolo; Gallardo, Carmen; Martinez, Ana; Garcia de Sola, Silvia; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Zaagsma, Miriam; Barry, Margaret M.

2012-01-01

294

Assessing the Development of Cross-Cultural Competence in Soldiers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The contemporary operational environment is often characterized by ambiguous, multi-cultural contexts, where Army Soldiers must rapidly adapt without extensive prior knowledge of a region or its people. Ongoing training development efforts are addressing ...

A. Grandjean K. Ross K. J. Behymer M. J. McClosky

2010-01-01

295

Information technology and knowledge-based business development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology creates a very fast increase in the demand for new skills, competencies and knowledge in all types of organisations and in society as a whole. We know how important learning and knowledge development are, but we do not understand how we should bring it about in a rational and effective way. The objective of this analysis and review

Toni Ivergard

2000-01-01

296

[Pedagogical strategies for developing ethical and political competence in nursing education].  

PubMed

This study presents a theoretical reflection that aims at identifying teaching strategies for the development of ethical-political dimension of professional competence from the perspective of critical reflection. Professional competence has two dimensions - technical and political, mediated by ethics. Critical reflection renew search ways of thinking and doing in health, with the ultimate goal of intervention in social reality, to improve the living conditions and health of communities. Highlights some educational tools such as portfolio, the field journal and written narratives, which allow producing a clear and objective account of the experience and assigning meaning and significance of what was accomplished. Based on a critical reflection, such instruments helped develop ethical-political dimension of professional competence. PMID:23743851

Burgatti, Juliane Cristina; Leonello, Valéria Marli; Bracialli, Luzmarina Aparecida Doretto; Oliveira, Maria Amélia de Campos

2013-04-01

297

Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

2005-01-01

298

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

299

Promoting social competence development to reduce children's social aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The roles of schools are more and more diverse, schools is no longer just an institution with instructive objectives, but an essential environment for socialization and acculturation. Of course, the instructive function of school is still important, but, at the same time, the school has the role to regulate the social behaviours, by educating the emotional responses and developing students’

Ioana Darjan; Anca Lustrea

2010-01-01

300

Developing Social Competence in Children. Choices Briefs, Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief presents an overview of effective strategies for developing prosocial attitudes and behaviors in elementary school children. The description of approaches and activities can help educators integrate an antiviolence education program into their schools and classrooms, select a program to implement from many models in use around the…

Schwartz, Wendy

301

Development of English Academic Writing Competence by Turkish Scholars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how a group of 13 Turkish scholars from the humanities faculty of a prominent Turkish university perceive the development of their discipline-specific second lan- guage writing skills. Personal interviews were used to elicit data and excerpts from the interviews have been recorded in this paper. The acquisition strategies identified in the data reveal that the acquisition of

Louisa Buckingham

302

Human Resource Development Roles and Competencies in Five European Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparison of trainer surveys in England (n=228), Italy (n=105), the Netherlands (n=297), Germany (n=190), and Finland (n=699) showed the culture-bound nature of human-resource development (HRD). English and Finnish practitioners perceived themselves as change agents, Germans as trainers. HRD practice did appear to have a common core of…

Valkeavaara, Tuija

1998-01-01

303

Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Park, M.S.

1998-12-01

304

A Mentor's Aid in Developing the Competences of Teacher Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The induction period is a very important time in the career of a teacher and has a long-term influence on the teacher's professional development, efficacy, job satisfaction and the length of his/her career. One of the key roles in this period is played by the trainee's mentor. This paper presents the results of the extensive project "Partnership…

Valencic, Milena; Vogrinc, Janez

2007-01-01

305

Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

Eddy, Pamela L.

2013-01-01

306

DEVELOPING PROJECT COMPETENCE: EMPIRICAL REGULARITIES IN COMPETITIVE PROJECT OPERATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Projects play key roles in many modern industries and firms. The management of these economic systems, project management, is continuously developed and considered to be at the core of competitive advantage. Traditional research on project management has, however, paid scant attention to the capabilities needed for firms that depend on projects in their business operations. Furthermore, traditional work on the

JONAS SÖDERLUND

2005-01-01

307

Obsessional phenomena and the development of imaginative competence.  

PubMed

Obsessional phenomena are discussed in the light of anxieties arising around the ages 8-12. Three cases of the disappearance of obsessional symptoms are then described. In one remarkable sequence of dreams preceded recovery; in another it was the establishment of a secure therapeutic bond; in the third it was falling in love. The capacity securely to differentiate between fantasy and reality is seen as an essential development element in the recovery from obsessionality. PMID:7104245

Holmes, J

1982-06-01

308

Competence and psychopathology: cascade effects in the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development.  

PubMed

Existing longitudinal research on the interplay between externalizing problems, internalizing problems, and academic and social competence has documented "cascading" effects from early aggressive/disruptive behavior through impairments in competence, leading to symptoms of depression and anxiety. The primary aim of the current study was to replicate such work using the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development while also extending the developmental window of investigation of cascades back into early childhood. Participating families (N = 1,160) completed questionnaire measures of externalizing, internalizing, and social competence (maternal report), as well as individual assessment of academic achievement, spanning five time points from age 54 months through age 15 years. A series of nested structural equation models tested predicted links across various domains of competence and psychopathology. Results were consistent with prior research, demonstrating cross-domain effects from early externalizing problems through effects on both academic and social competence into later internalizing problems. Effects held across gender and were largely unaffected by inclusion of socioeconomic status, early caregiving, and early cognitive ability as covariates in the model. PMID:20576178

Burt, Keith B; Roisman, Glenn I

2010-08-01

309

Salient factors in child molestation: Moral development, social competence, and type of offender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study was designed to build on and extend the existing knowledge base of factors that cause, maintain, and influence child molestation. Theorized links among the type of offender and the offender's levels of moral development and social competence in the perpetration of child molestation were investigated. The conceptual framework for the study is based on the cognitive developmental

Colleen Catherine McCoury

1998-01-01

310

A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2009-01-01

311

Competency Based Curricula Development for the Mining and Related Industries. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report of a curriculum research project conducted to develop a competency based curriculum for the mining and related industries is presented in three parts. First, the activities that took place during the last two months of the project are summarized. Second, an overview of the accomplishments of the project during the entire funding…

Buriak, John P.

312

Perception of Competence in Middle School Physical Education: Instrument Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A…

Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

2010-01-01

313

Perception of Competence in Middle School Physical Education: Instrument Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A…

Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

2010-01-01

314

The Future of Blended Learning and the Emerging Competencies of Human Resource Development Professionals in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore the future direction of blended learning in workplace in Taiwan and to probe into emerging competencies of human resource development (HRD) professionals. One hundred and twelve participants who worked in various types of organizations, including government, business, and non-profit organizations were…

Teng, Ya-Ting; Bonk, Curtis J.; Kim, Kyong-Jee

2007-01-01

315

Strategies for Developing the Affective Work Competencies of Marketing Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective strategies for developing the affective work competencies of marketing education students include teaching procedures, acquisition of skills and materials for teaching in the affective domain, and implementation considerations. Affective concerns in marketing can be grouped into three broad types of performance categories--self-concept,…

Meyer, Earl C.

316

Competency-Based Curriculum Development in Medical Education. An Introduction. Public Health Papers No. 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for members of the World Health Organization, this guide on competency-based curriculum development in medical education may be applied to programs for other health professions and occupations. An explanation of subject-centered curricula and integrated curricula is offered, and ways in which these models differ from…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

317

Kentucky's Early Childhood Professional Development Initiative to Promote Social-Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Kentucky Initiative for Social Skill and Emotional Development which provides annual training and technical assistance to build early childhood programs' capacity to deliver practices known to promote social and emotional competency. The initiative is based on the 3-tiered Positive Behavior Support model that teaches…

McLaren, Elizabeth M.; Hall, Phyllis J.; Fox, Pamela

2009-01-01

318

Minimal Competency Testing: Local School Development and Implementation in Targeted Areas of the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The results of a follow-up study on local school district development and implementation of minimal competency testing (MCT) programs are reported. Critical questions regarding: (1) motivation and purposes; (2) selection of tests, procedures, and standards; and (3) impact, follow-up, and change are examined. The follow-up study investigated…

Hinds, Lillian R.; Blass, Rosanne J.

319

Instruction and Development of Second Language Acquisition Pragmatics: An Investigation into Sociolinguistic Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The problem: The purpose of this study is first to explore the perceptions and attitudes of ESL instructors regarding pragmatics instruction in second language classes. Second, this study is also designed to add to the scholarly literature regarding the importance of pragmatics instruction in developing second language communicative competence.…

Tchoutezo, Etienne

2010-01-01

320

A Comprehensive Competence-Based Approach in Curriculum Development: Experiences from African and European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned. Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the…

Parent, F.; Baulana, R.; Kahombo, G.; Coppieters, Y.; Garant, M.; De Ketele, J.-M.

2011-01-01

321

Secondary-Postsecondary Curriculum Development in Automotive Mechanics. Automotive Electrical Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a competency-based curriculum in automotive mechanics which is usable by students at both the secondary and postsecondary levels, this learning package focuses on automotive electrical systems. It is the first unit to be published in a series of eight which will cover the eight subject areas on the national certification…

Hoepner, Ronald

322

Developing communication competence using an online Video Reflection system: pre-service teachers' experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to an online blog and made reflective comments about their communication actions. Students also

Matt Bower; Michael Cavanagh; Robyn Moloney; MingMing Dao

2011-01-01

323

Aquatic Perceived Competence in Children: Development and Preliminary Validation of a Pictorial Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to develop and validate a scale for measuring perceived motor competence of children in the water (also known as aquatic perceived compe- tence). One hundred boys and girls four and five years old took part in the study and were given a picture questionnaire featuring a series of images of children engaged in a

Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia; Luis Miguel Ruiz Pérez

2008-01-01

324

Developing Communication Competence Using an Online Video Reflection System: Pre-Service Teachers' Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to…

Bower, Matt; Cavanagh, Michael; Moloney, Robyn; Dao, MingMing

2011-01-01

325

Accelerating the development of emotion competence in Head Start children: Effects on adaptive and maladaptive behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Separate studies of rural and urban Head Start systems tested the hypothesis that an emotion-based prevention program (EBP) would accelerate the development of emotion and social competence and decrease agonistic behavior and potential precursors of psychopathology. In both studies, Head Start centers were randomly assigned to treatment and control\\/ comparison group conditions. In Study 1 (rural community), results of hierarchical

Carroll E. Izard; Kristen A. King; Christopher J. Trentacosta; Judith K. Morgan; Jean-Philippe Laurenceau; E. Stephanie Krauthamer-Ewing; Kristy J. Finlon

2008-01-01

326

Aspects of Inter-Organisational Networks for Developing Firm Competencies - Preliminary Evidence from Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a preliminary study on an inter-organisational network and the development of organisational competencies among a 'flagship cluster' of organisations. The case study involves a consortium of organisations working on a Government Multi Purpose Card (GMPC) project, one of the various Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) initiatives proposed under the seven flagship applications deployed by the

Aliza Akmar Omar; Avvari V. Mohan

2006-01-01

327

Principal's Desirability for Professional Development in Competencies Related to Leading Special Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of public school principals within the Commonwealth of Virginia as to their desirability for professional development in leading special education programs within their schools. Given a list of 18 competencies related to leading special education principals rated their desirability for…

Pontius, Nicholas Frantz

2010-01-01

328

Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

2013-01-01

329

Development of Measurability and Importance Scales for the NATA Athletic Training Educational Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed and validated an instrument designed to measure the perceived measurability and importance of the National Athletic Trainers' Association Athletic Training Educational Competencies. Data from 931 athletic trainers and sport medicine physicians support 6 constructs, each of which demonstrates high reliability. (SLD)|

Wolfe, Edward W.; Nogle, Sally

2002-01-01

330

Competency-Based Curriculum Development in Medical Education. An Introduction. Public Health Papers No. 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as a resource for members of the World Health Organization, this guide on competency-based curriculum development in medical education may be applied to programs for other health professions and occupations. An explanation of subject-centered curricula and integrated curricula is offered, and ways in which these models differ from…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

331

Training Future Language Teachers to Develop Online Tutors' Competence through Reflective Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article sets out to identify key competencies which language tutors need to develop in order to manage synchronous online teaching. In order to aptly monitor interactions with distant learners, it is proposed that three types of regulation pertaining to socio-affective, pedagogical and multimedia aspects are required. On the one hand, this…

Guichon, Nicolas

2009-01-01

332

Competencies for Rural Development Professionals in the Era of HIV/AIDS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact of HIV/AIDS on food security and rural livelihoods is still insufficiently understood. It is evident, however, that rural development professionals need to respond to the changes that have taken place in rural areas due to the pandemic. This article explores competencies that they need in order to deal with the complex HIV/AIDS issues…

Brinkman, Dine; Westendorp, Annemarie M. B.; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Mulder, Martin

2007-01-01

333

"I Prefer Not Text": Developing Japanese Learners' Communicative Competence with Authentic Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This quasi-experimental study reports on a 10-month classroom-based longitudinal investigation, exploring the potential of authentic materials to develop Japanese learners' communicative competence in English. Sixty-two second-year university students were assigned to either a control group receiving textbook input or an experimental group…

Gilmore, Alex

2011-01-01

334

MultiLevel Complexities in Technological Development: Competing Strategies for Drug Discovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Drug development regularly has to deal with complex circumstances on two levels: the local level of pharmacological intervention\\u000a on specific target proteins, and the systems level of the effects of pharmacological intervention on the organism. Different\\u000a development strategies in the recent history of early drug development can be understood as competing attempts at coming to\\u000a grips with these multi-level complexities.

Matthias Adam

335

Developing a computing & information policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth and expansion of information technologies on campuses across the country has caused many universities to begin to develop (or modify existing) information policies. Questions concerning moral, ethical, and legal obligations have arisen which in the past have been overlooked or not even considered. Lehigh having implemented a campus-wide information system which is used by over 90% of the

Timothy J. Foley

1990-01-01

336

Communication in the development of culturally competent palliative care services in the UK: a case study.  

PubMed

Research suggests that many minority ethnic patients who receive palliative care in the UK are satisfied with the service they are given. However, various studies have revealed that minority ethnic groups' experiences of care are far from perfect. The most significant problem for these patients centres on communication. This article presents some results from an exploratory study, commissioned by Luton Health Action Zone, to explore the role of communication in delivering effective palliative care services to South Asians living in Luton. Overall, it was found that the services provided are, in most cases, valued and seen as being effective. However, as the service providers who were interviewed readily recognized, there were areas where improvements could be made. The main issues were found to be the need to inform South Asian populations of the availability of palliative care services and the need to improve communication between patients and service providers. This article describes the communication problems that service providers and users face. It also identifies possible policy improvements aimed at developing the 'cultural competency' of services. PMID:12560794

Randhawa, Gurch; Owens, Alastair; Fitches, Rah; Khan, Zafar

2003-01-01

337

The Radar Graph: the Development of an Educational Tool to Demonstrate Resident Competency  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the movement toward competency-based assessment by accrediting bodies in recent years, there is no consensus on how to best assess medical competence. Direct observation is a useful tool. At the same time, a comprehensive assessment system based on direct observation has been difficult to develop. Intervention We developed a system that translates data obtained from checklists of observed behaviors completed during educational activities, including direct observation of clinical care, into a graphic tool (the “radar graph”) usable for both formative and summative assessment. Using unique, observable behaviors to evaluate levels of competency on the Dreyfus scale, we assessed resident performance in 6 learning sites within our residency. Data are represented on a radar graph, which residents and faculty used to recognize both strengths and areas for growth to guide educational planning for the individual learner. Results Initial data show that the radar graphs have construct validity because the development process accurately reflects the desired construct, assessors were adequately trained, and the radar graphs demonstrated resident growth over time. A form completion rate of 90% for >1500 disseminated assessments suggests the feasibility of our process. Conclusions The radar graph is a promising tool for use in resident feedback and competency assessment. Further research is needed to determine the full utility of the radar graphs, including a better understanding of the tool's reliability and construct validity.

Keister, Drew M.; Larson, Daniel; Dostal, Julie; Baglia, Jay

2012-01-01

338

What Should We Include in a Cultural Competence Curriculum? An Emerging Formative Evaluation Process to Foster Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Purpose To identify, prioritize, and organize components of a cultural competence curriculum to address disparities in cardiovascular disease. Method In 2006, four separate nominal group technique sessions were conducted with medical students, residents, community physicians, and academic physicians to generate and prioritize a list of concepts (i.e., ideas) to include in a curriculum. Afterward, 45 educators and researchers organized and prioritized the concepts using a card-sorting exercise. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) and hierarchical cluster analysis produced homogeneous groupings of related concepts and generated a cognitive map. The main outcome measures were the number of cultural competence concepts, their relative ranks, and the cognitive map. Results Thirty participants generated 61 concepts, 29 were identified by at least 2 participants. The cognitive map organized concepts into four clusters, interpreted as: (1) patient’s cultural background (e.g.,, information on cultures, habits, values); (2) provider and health care (e.g., clinical skills, awareness of one’s bias, patient-centeredness, and professionalism), communication skills (e.g., history, stereotype avoidance, and health disparities epidemiology); (3) cross-culture (e.g., idiomatic expressions, examples of effective communication); and (4) resources to manage cultural diversity (e.g., translator guides, instructions and community resources). The MDS two-dimensional solution demonstrated a good fit (stress=0.07; R2=0.97). Conclusions A novel, combined approach allowed stakeholders’ inputs to identify and cognitively organize critical domains used to guide development of a cultural competence curriculum. Educators may use this approach to develop and organize educational content for their target audiences, especially in ill-defined areas like cultural competence.

Crenshaw, Katie; Shewchuk, Richard M.; Qu, Haiyan; Staton, Lisa J.; Bigby, Judy Ann; Houston, Thomas K.; Allison, Jeroan; Estrada, Carlos A.

2011-01-01

339

A competency-based approach to preparing staff as recreation and youth development leaders.  

PubMed

Youth development professionals and parks and recreation professionals often are charged with providing services to youth. However, the approach of each can be quite different as recreation is a primary focus for recreation professionals and part of many services offered by youth development specialists. Despite the differences, these two groups of professionals can learn a great deal from each other. This article examines youth development and staff training with examples from the field and suggests how youth development professionals can learn from recreation professionals and vice versa. It suggests that parks and recreation professionals can strengthen degree programs, accreditation, certification, and continuing education by incorporating specific youth development competencies established by the National Collaboration for Youth. For their part, youth development professionals can learn from parks and recreation professionals how to enhance recreation programming as part of their services by gaining an understanding of program design, program and activity leadership, and administrative practices. With much debate over whether more education or more experience is a better path for those working with youth, the authors suggest that a combination of both will adhere to the quality of staff. Staff gain further knowledge and skill from academic preparation at the undergraduate and graduate levels, field-based training through jobs and internships, and continuing education courses specializing in youth development competencies and recreation-based competencies set within a youth development environment. PMID:21786414

Barcelona, Robert J; Hurd, Amy R; Bruggeman, Jennifer A

2011-01-01

340

Preschool information assurance curriculum development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a novel approach to information assurance (IA) and information security (InfoSec) education in the form of curriculum development at the preschool level will be discussed. Savvy Cyber Kids was founded to teach kids safety before they go online. Curriculum materials developed by Savvy Cyber Kids will be piloted to enable preschool curriculums to prepare the world's children

Ben Halpert

2010-01-01

341

The use of psychological testing to evaluate law enforcement leadership competencies and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is little research available to guide the law enforcement leader\\/trainer in the development of skills. The current study examined a newly developed psychological measure to assess leadership competencies. Participants (N = 102) completed the California Psychological Inventory?260 (CPI?260; Gough & Bradley, 2002) pre\\/post?leadership training. Results indicated that the law enforcement leaders scored similarly to effective business leaders and the

Holly A. Miller; Rita J. Watkins; David Webb

2009-01-01

342

Coordination and delegation: the core development competencies to create a competitive edge (part 1)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to enable the reader to understand: Herrmann's whole-brained thinking model and its impact on language and difference; trends in development and the need for team-based whole-brained learning; why most culture change initiatives fail; what constitutes a core competence; and how a whole-brained approach is required to ensure culture change, strategy development and the implementation of

R. M. D. Eales-White

2005-01-01

343

SOS Response Activation and Competence Development Are Antagonistic Mechanisms in Streptococcus thermophilus  

PubMed Central

Streptococcus includes species that either contain or lack the LexA-like repressor (HdiR) of the classical SOS response. In Streptococcus pneumoniae, a species which belongs to the latter group, SOS response inducers (e.g., mitomycin C [Mc] and fluoroquinolones) were shown to induce natural transformation, leading to the hypothesis that DNA damage-induced competence could contribute to genomic plasticity and stress resistance. Using reporter strains and microarray experiments, we investigated the impact of the SOS response inducers mitomycin C and norfloxacin and the role of HdiR on competence development in Streptococcus thermophilus. We show that both the addition of SOS response inducers and HdiR inactivation have a dual effect, i.e., induction of the expression of SOS genes and reduction of transformability. Reduction of transformability results from two different mechanisms, since HdiR inactivation has no major effect on the expression of competence (com) genes, while mitomycin C downregulates the expression of early and late com genes in a dose-dependent manner. The downregulation of com genes by mitomycin C was shown to take place at the level of the activation of the ComRS signaling system by an unknown mechanism. Conversely, we show that a ComX-deficient strain is more resistant to mitomycin C and norfloxacin in a viability plate assay, which indicates that competence development negatively affects the resistance of S. thermophilus to DNA-damaging agents. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that SOS response activation and competence development are antagonistic processes in S. thermophilus.

Boutry, Celine; Delplace, Brigitte; Clippe, Andre; Fontaine, Laetitia

2013-01-01

344

SOS response activation and competence development are antagonistic mechanisms in Streptococcus thermophilus.  

PubMed

Streptococcus includes species that either contain or lack the LexA-like repressor (HdiR) of the classical SOS response. In Streptococcus pneumoniae, a species which belongs to the latter group, SOS response inducers (e.g., mitomycin C [Mc] and fluoroquinolones) were shown to induce natural transformation, leading to the hypothesis that DNA damage-induced competence could contribute to genomic plasticity and stress resistance. Using reporter strains and microarray experiments, we investigated the impact of the SOS response inducers mitomycin C and norfloxacin and the role of HdiR on competence development in Streptococcus thermophilus. We show that both the addition of SOS response inducers and HdiR inactivation have a dual effect, i.e., induction of the expression of SOS genes and reduction of transformability. Reduction of transformability results from two different mechanisms, since HdiR inactivation has no major effect on the expression of competence (com) genes, while mitomycin C downregulates the expression of early and late com genes in a dose-dependent manner. The downregulation of com genes by mitomycin C was shown to take place at the level of the activation of the ComRS signaling system by an unknown mechanism. Conversely, we show that a ComX-deficient strain is more resistant to mitomycin C and norfloxacin in a viability plate assay, which indicates that competence development negatively affects the resistance of S. thermophilus to DNA-damaging agents. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that SOS response activation and competence development are antagonistic processes in S. thermophilus. PMID:23204467

Boutry, Céline; Delplace, Brigitte; Clippe, André; Fontaine, Laetitia; Hols, Pascal

2012-11-30

345

Identification and the Development of Competence: A 44Year Longitudinal Study From Late Adolescence to Late Middle Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of defense mechanisms in the development of planful competence (J. A. Clausen, 1993) was studied over a period of 44 years in participants from the Oakland Growth Study, who are part of the Intergenerational Studies of the Institute of Human Development. Planful competence was assessed on 4 occasions, from late adolescence (ages 15–18) to late middle age (age

Phebe Cramer

2008-01-01

346

Generic Competences in Higher Education: Studying Their Development in Undergraduate Social Science Studies by Means of a Specific Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research into the acquisition of generic competences was carried out with the undergraduate social science programmes offered by the Ramon Llull University, Barcelona (Spain). For these programmes an innovative methodology called "cross-course seminars" has been developed. Its focus is, amongst others, on developing generic competences. In the…

Gallifa, Josep; Garriga, Jordi

2010-01-01

347

Adjudicative Competence  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Although the basic standards of adjudicative competence were specified by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1960, there remain a number of complex conceptual and practical issues in interpreting and applying these standards. In this report we provide a brief overview regarding the general concept of adjudicative competence and its assessment, as well as some highlights of recent empirical studies on this topic. Findings Most adjudicative competence assessments are conducted by psychiatrists or psychologists. There are no universal certification requirements, but some states are moving toward required certification of forensic expertise for those conducting such assessments. Recent data indicate inconsistencies in application of the existing standards even among forensic experts, but the recent publication of consensus guidelines may foster improvements in this arena. There are also ongoing efforts to develop and validate structured instruments to aid competency evaluations. Telemedicine-based competency interviews may facilitate evaluation by those with specific expertise for evaluation of complex cases. There is also interest in empirical development of educational methods to enhance adjudicative competence. Summary Adjudicative competence may be difficult to measure accurately, but the assessments and tools available are advancing. More research is needed on methods of enhancing decisional capacity among those with impaired competence.

Dawes, Sharron E.; Palmer, Barton W.; Jeste, Dilip V.

2008-01-01

348

A model for future healthcare leadership. CHA's competency study provides a practical tool for leadership development.  

PubMed

The Catholic Health Association's (CHA's) study "Transformational Leadership for the Healing Ministry: Competencies for the Future" is a powerful tool for the identification and development of leaders in Catholic healthcare. The study can help executives measure their own performance against a standard of excellence and establish goals to improve their performance. Trustees can use the study to establish policies for identification, assessment, development, and career planning for senior executives. Sponsors might consider the competencies as they intensify collaboration in ministry with lay colleagues by encouraging leadership development or as they participate with trustees in the selection of executives. The model presented in CHA's study is dynamic and adaptable to the leadership needs of various organizations. It should not yield a homogenized view of the "ideal" leader in the Catholic ministry. Nor should it encourage elitism or invidious comparisons between leaders or organizations. PMID:10134187

Nygren, D J; Ukeritis, M D; Hickman, J L

1994-06-01

349

Development and evaluation of a web-based breast cancer cultural competency course for primary healthcare providers  

PubMed Central

Background To develop and evaluate a continuing medical education (CME) course aimed at improving healthcare provider knowledge about breast cancer health disparities and the importance of cross-cultural communication in provider-patient interactions about breast cancer screening. Methods An interactive web-based CME course was developed and contained information about breast cancer disparities, the role of culture in healthcare decision making, and demonstrated a model of cross-cultural communication. A single group pre-/post-test design was used to assess knowledge changes. Data on user satisfaction was also collected. Results In all, 132 participants registered for the CME with 103 completing both assessments. Differences between pre-/post-test show a significant increase in knowledge (70% vs. 94%; p < .001). Ninety-five percent of participants agreed that the web based training was an appropriate tool to train healthcare providers about cultural competency and health disparities. Conclusion There was an overall high level of satisfaction among all users. Users felt that learning objectives were met and the web-based format was appropriate and easy to use and suggests that web-based CME formats are an appropriate tool to teach cultural competency skills. However, more information is needed to understand how the CME impacted practice behaviors.

2011-01-01

350

A Conceptual and Empirical Review of the Meaning, Measurement, Development, and Teaching of Intervention Competence in Clinical Psychology  

PubMed Central

Through the course of this paper we discuss several fundamental issues related to the intervention competence of psychologists. Following definitional clarification and proposals for more strictly distinguishing competence from adherence, we interpret Dreyfus and Dreyfus’s (1986) five stage theory of competence development (from novice to expert) within a strictly clinical framework. Existing methods of competence assessment are then evaluated, and we argue for the use of new and multiple assessment modalities. Next, we utilize the previous sections as a foundation to propose methods for training and evaluating competent psychologists. Lastly, we discuss several potential impediments to large scale competence assessment and education, such as the heterogeneity of therapeutic orientations and what could be termed a lack of transparency in clinical training.

Barber, Jacques P.

2009-01-01

351

Loss of ectodermal competence for lateral line placode formation in the direct developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui.  

PubMed

In the direct-developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui neuromasts and ganglia of the lateral line system never develop. We show here that this absence of the lateral line system, which is evolutionarily derived in anurans, is due to very early changes in development. Ectodermal thickenings, which are typical of lateral line placodes, and from which neuromasts and ganglion cells of the lateral line originate, never form in E. coqui, although other neurogenic placodes are present. Moreover, although NeuroD is expressed in the lateral line placodes of Xenopus laevis, corresponding expression sites are lacking in E. coqui. Heterospecific transplantation experiments show that axolotl ectoderm can be induced to form lateral line placodes after transplantation to E. coqui hosts but that E. coqui ectoderm does not form lateral line placodes on axolotl hosts. This suggests that the loss of the lateral line system in E. coqui is due to the specific loss of ectodermal competence to form lateral line placodes in response to inductive signals. Our results (1) indicate that the competence for lateral line placode formation is distinct and dissociable from the competence to form other neurogenic placodes and (2) support the idea that the lateral line system acts as a module in development and evolution. PMID:10479453

Schlosser, G; Kintner, C; Northcutt, R G

1999-09-15

352

Developing a culturally competent health network: a planning framework and guide.  

PubMed

The number of cultural competency initiatives in healthcare is increasing due to many factors, including changing demographics, quality improvement and regulatory requirements, equitable care missions, and accreditation standards. To facilitate organization-wide transformation, a hospital or healthcare system must establish strategic goals, objectives, and implementation tasks for culturally competent provision of care. This article reports the largely successful results of a cultural competency program instituted at a large system in eastern Pennsylvania. Prior to the development of its cultural competency initiative, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, Pennsylvania, saw isolated activities producing innovative solutions to diversity and culture issues in the provision of equitable care. But it took a transformational event to support an organization-wide program in cultural competency by strengthening leadership buy-in and providing a sense of urgency, excitement, and shared vision among multiple stakeholders. A multidisciplinary task force, including senior leaders and a diverse group of employees, was created with the authority and responsibility to enact changes. Through a well-organized strategic planning process, existing patient and community demographic data were reviewed to describe existing disparities, a baseline assessment was completed, a mission statement was created, and clear metrics were developed. The strategic plan, which focused on five key areas (demographics, language-appropriate services, employees, training, and education/communication), was approved by the network's chief executive officer and senior managers to demonstrate commitment prior to implementation. Strategic plan implementation proceeded through a project structure consisting of subproject teams charged with achieving the following specific objectives: develop a cultural material repository, enhance employee recruitment/retention, establish a baseline assessment, standardize data collection, provide language-appropriate services, and develop an education program. Change management and project management methodologies; defined roles and responsibilities; and specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound goals were used in the implementation. This process has supported organizational change, thereby promoting high-quality, safe, and equitable care through widespread expectations of culturally competent care delivery across the entire network. Using this "ecologic approach" will ensure long-term success. PMID:20565035

Gertner, Eric J; Sabino, Judith N; Mahady, Erica; Deitrich, Lynn M; Patton, Jarret R; Grim, Mary Kay; Geiger, James F; Salas-Lopez, Debbie

353

Nurse Faculty Enrichment and Competency Development in Oral-Systemic Health  

PubMed Central

Nurses are positioned to play a significant role in oral health promotion and disease prevention across the life cycle. Oral health has not been a high priority in nursing practice, and educating nurses about oral health has been inadequate particularly regarding the interrelationship between oral health and overall health. The first step for developing a nursing workforce with core competencies in oral health promotion and disease prevention is to prepare nurse faculty with the requisite knowledge, skills, attitudes, and best practices in oral-systemic health. The purpose of this paper is to present Smiles for Life: A National Oral Health Curriculum as a knowledge framework that nurse faculty can use for faculty enrichment and competency development in oral health across the life cycle. A variety of teaching-learning strategies and resources are provided to assist nurse faculty with integrating oral-systemic health into existing nursing curricula.

Dolce, Maria C.

2012-01-01

354

ICT in Teacher Education: Developing Key Competencies in Face-to-Face and Distance Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper reports the training of 56 Teachers in ICT and Education Course. This course included one week face-to-face and\\u000a seven weeks in distance learning. Students developed several ICT competencies during theses weeks, reporting its use in their\\u000a classes. A characterization of the subjects’ digital literacy is presented, as well as their participation in chat sessions\\u000a and in the forum,

Ana A. Carvalho

355

A comprehensive competence-based approach in curriculum development: Experiences from African and European contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned.Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the limits of one’s acts.Setting: This study uses results from four contexts (Belgium\\/Europe, Democratic Republic

F Parent; R Baulana; G Kahombo; Y Coppieters; M Garant; J-M De Ketele

2011-01-01

356

Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and

A. V. Mashinistova; A. A. Elchin; N. V. Gorbunova; V. S. Muratov; K. A. Kydralieva; B. M. Khudaibergenova; V. P. Shabaev; Sh. J. Jorobekova

2009-01-01

357

Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging academic field focused on sustainability has been engaged in a rich and converging debate to define what key\\u000a competencies are considered critical for graduating students to possess. For more than a decade, sustainability courses have\\u000a been developed and taught in higher education, yet comprehensive academic programs in sustainability, on the undergraduate\\u000a and graduate level, have emerged only over

Arnim WiekLauren Withycombe; Lauren Withycombe; Charles L. Redman

2011-01-01

358

Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|E-learning has become a significant aspect of training and education in the worldwide information economy as an attempt to create and facilitate a competent global work force. "Cases on Successful E-Learning Practices in the Developed and Developing World: Methods for the Global Information Economy" provides eclectic accounts of case studies in…

Olaniran, Bolanle A., Ed.

2010-01-01

359

Do High-Flyer Programmes Facilitate Organizational Learning? From Individual Skills Building to Development of Organizational Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"High flyer" or "fast-track" approaches are mainly instrumental for individual career development. A management development approach that emphasizes the match between personal growth and organizational learning contributes more directly to organizational competence, learning, and change. (SK)|

Larsen, Henrik Holt

1997-01-01

360

Stripping Bacillus: ComK auto-stimulation is responsible for the bistable response in competence development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Bacillus subtilis competence for genetic transformation develops only in a subpopulation of cells in an isogenic culture. The molecular mechanisms underlying this phenotypic heterogeneity are unknown. In this study, we stepwise simplify the signal transduction cascade leading to competence, yielding a strain devoid of all regulatory inputs for this process that have been identified so far. We demonstrate that

Wiep Klaas Smits; Caroline C. Eschevins; Kim A. Susanna; Sierd Bron; Oscar P. Kuipers; Leendert W. Hamoen

2005-01-01

361

Genetic education and the challenge of genomic medicine: development of core competences to support preparation of health professionals in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of genetics and genomics within a wide range of health-care settings requires health professionals to develop expertise to practise appropriately. There is a need for a common minimum standard of competence in genetics for health professionals in Europe but because of differences in professional education and regulation between European countries, setting curricula may not be practical. Core competences

Heather Skirton; Celine Lewis; Alastair Kent; Domenico A Coviello

2010-01-01

362

Stepping Stones to Success: Previously Developed Career Competencies and Their Benefits to Career Switchers Transitioning to Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study looks at four second career teachers' recognition of previously developed career competencies and their influences on teaching philosophy and classroom practice as they adapt to a new career in teaching. The "know-why," "know-how," and "know-whom" career competencies (Defillippi & Arthur, J. Organizational Behavior 15 (1994) 307)…

Mayotte, Gail A.

2003-01-01

363

The Effect Social Information Processing in Six-Year-Old Children Has on Their Social Competence and Peer Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect social information processing levels has on the social competence (entering a peer group, response towards provocation, response to failure, response to success, social expectations, teacher expectations, reactive aggression, proactive aggression) and peer relationship (prosocial behaviour,…

Ogelman, Hulya Gulay; Seven, Serdal

2012-01-01

364

Evidence-based investigation of safety management competency, occupational risks and physical injuries in the Thai informal sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigation was based on a matching between enterprises and workers. The purposes do not only aim to map the profiles of Thai informal sectors' safety management competency, occupational risks and physical injuries encountered, but also aim to investigate the significant factors predicting enterprises' business success and home workers' occupational injuries. 979 handicraft home workers and 281 small-scale handicraft enterprises

Jiraporn Tangkittipaporn; Noppakhun Tangkittipaporn

2006-01-01

365

Adaptive Evaluation Based on Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lifelong competence development and transfer of competencies acquisition is a tendency of global world and specifically for e-learning.. Generally, an instructional based-competence process consists in four single sub-processes, the competence definition, competence development, competence assessment process and certification. This paper presents a competence-based adaptive assessment process for judging competence of learners in the context of a virtual learning environment.

Silvia M. Baldiris; Ramón Fabregat Gesa

366

Developing Cross Cultural Competence: Applying Development and Prevention Ideals to Counseling Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As counselors turn their attention to child-based counseling, there is a need to apply the core tenets of the discipline of counseling to young children and incorporate cross-cultural issues into clinical competence. Using Multicultural Counseling Theory (MCT), the authors discuss conventional approaches to providing clinical interventions for…

Wolfgang, Jeff; Frazier, Kimberly; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Barrett, Joe

2011-01-01

367

Perspective: Toward a competency framework for faculty.  

PubMed

Today, faculty in academic medicine face challenges in all three mission areas--research, education, and patient care--and require a broad set of competencies to survive in this changing environment. To support faculty and to design assessments that match new expectations, the authors argue that it is essential to capture the full scope of skills, knowledge, and behaviors necessary for a successful faculty member. Thus, it is timely to explore and define competencies for faculty in academic medicine. The authors describe three approaches to identifying faculty competencies. Each reveals diverse but overlapping sets of competency domains, reflecting the breadth of activities expected of today's faculty. To organize these competencies into a coherent framework, the authors propose a model based on a typology of competency. A key feature of the model is the division between occupational competencies, which are largely role-specific, and personal competencies, which are necessary for all faculty. A competency framework also must be developmental, to reflect the growth in skills, knowledge, and behaviors from trainee to expert and to allow for an individual's changing roles over a career. Such a competency framework will inform professional development activities and require assessment of competence. The generation of competencies also will reveal areas of faculty practice that are poorly measured, requiring new tools to be incorporated into existing processes of faculty evaluation. The authors provide general principles to guide the identification of a competency framework for faculty and invite the academic medicine community to engage in further discussion. PMID:21869668

Milner, Robert J; Gusic, Maryellen E; Thorndyke, Luanne E

2011-10-01

368

How to develop a competency-based examination blueprint for longitudinal standardized patient clinical skills assessments.  

PubMed

Background: Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCEs) with standardized patients (SPs) are commonly used in medical education to assess learners' clinical skills. However, assessments are often discrete rather than intentionally developmentally sequenced. Aims: We developed an examination blueprint to optimize assessment and feedback to learners with purposeful sequence as a series of longitudinally integrated assessments based on performance milestones. Integrated and progressive clinical skills assessments offer several benefits: assessment of skill development over time, systematic identification of learning needs, data for individualized feedback and learning plans, and baseline reference points for reassessment. Methods: Using a competency-based medical education (CBME) framework, we translated pre-determined competency milestones for medical students' patient encounters into a four-year SP-based OSCE examination blueprint. Results: Initial evaluation of cases using the blueprint revealed opportunities to target less frequently assessed competencies and to align assessments with milestones for each year. Conclusions: The examination blueprint can guide ongoing SP-based OSCE case design. Future iterations of examination blueprints can incorporate lessons learnt from evaluation data and student feedback. PMID:23848440

Mookherjee, Somnath; Chang, Anna; Boscardin, Christy K; Hauer, Karen E

2013-07-12

369

Systems-Based Practice Defined: Taxonomy Development and Role Identification for Competency Assessment of Residents  

PubMed Central

Purpose To demonstrate a methodology for coding and taxonomy development and to operationally define residents' competence in systems-based practice (SBP) in terms of observable roles, actions, and behaviors. Methods The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's (ACGME's) full-text definition of SBP and the 6 discrete expectations it contains were content analyzed. Structured interviews of 88 health care professionals using a variant of focus group interviews called nominal group processes were conducted and qualitatively analyzed to identify the key attributes of SBP. Themes obtained from these 2 procedures were conceptually matched and organized to create a taxonomy of observable SPB behaviors and the SBP domain. Results Six general resident roles emerged, under which 35 specific behavioral attributes were subsumed. From the SBP domain specified. Sample SBP items categorized by roles were derived that reflected “in-context” representations of ACGME SBP expectations. Conclusion Our comprehensive analysis created an operational representation of the SBP competency. The taxonomy development model provides a framework for constructing assessment instrument(s) that could be applied to the other ACGME competencies or complex concepts in medical education.

Graham, Mark J.; Naqvi, Zoon; Encandela, John; Harding, Kelli J.; Chatterji, Madhabi

2009-01-01

370

Towards a Human Resource Development Ontology for Combining Competence Management and Technology-Enhanced Workplace Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competencies as abstractions of work-relevant human behaviour have emerged as a promising concept for making human skills, knowledge and abilities manageable and addressable. On the organizational level, competence manage- ment uses competencies for integrating the goal-oriented shaping of human assets into management practice. On the operational and technical level, technology- enhanced workplace learning uses competencies for fostering learning activities of

Andreas Schmidt; Christine Kunzmann

2006-01-01

371

Relationships between personal demographics and motivation of information technology professionals to participate in professional development research-in-progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern organizations are increasingly dependent on information technology (IT) enabled business systems. Development of IT systems requires a competent IT professional (ITP) staff, however, organizations are hampered by a severe shortage of qualified ITPs. Government studies recommend retaining existing ITPs and establishing professional development programs to help them obtain and maintain desired competencies. Research from related disciplines indicate that over

J. Ellis Blanton; Stephen C. Wingreen; Thomas Schambach

2000-01-01

372

Early iron deficiency enhances stimulus-response learning of adult rats in the context of competing spatial information.  

PubMed

Iron deficiency early in life results in neurocognitive deficits that persist into adulthood despite iron treatment. The hippocampus is particularly vulnerable to iron deficiency during the fetal and neonatal periods as evidenced by poorer hippocampus-mediated spatial recognition learning. However, the extent to which early iron deficiency alters interactions between hippocampus-based and extra-hippocampus based learning systems remains undetermined. The present study used an ambiguous maze-learning task to examine the learning process in iron sufficient young adult rats that had recovered from iron deficiency in the fetal and neonatal period. Animals were presented with a stimulus response-learning task in the context of spatial information; a procedure designed to elicit competition between dorsal striatum- and hippocampus-based systems respectively. Formerly iron deficient adult rats showed enhanced stimulus-response learning in the context of competing spatial/distal cue information, a finding suggestive of reduced hippocampal functional influence. The study provides evidence that early iron deficiency alters how different learning systems develop and ultimately interact in adulthood. The potential unbalancing of activity among major memory systems during early life has been postulated by others as a relevant factor underlying the developmental origins of certain psychiatric disorders. PMID:22229050

Schmidt, Adam T; Alvarez, Guillermo C; Grove, William M; Rao, Raghavendra; Georgieff, Michael K

2012-01-01

373

Self- and informant-ratings on the patient competency rating scale in patients with traumatic brain injury.  

PubMed

The Patient Competency Rating Scale (PCRS) provides self- and informant-ratings of everyday memory and gives a guide to patients' awareness of their difficulties. Research using the PCRS has focussed on groups with severe TBI and little is known about ratings of functioning in other severity groups or in a non-TBI population. In the current study the TBI group (n = 53) overrated their pre-accident competency compared to controls (n = 131). Patients with severe TBI (n = 25) underestimated their difficulties, while ratings of those with moderate (n = 14) and mild (n = 14) TBI were consistent with their informants, that is, in areas of cognition and emotion. Controls reported difficulty in interpersonal functioning and emotional control that their informants were unaware of. PMID:10079045

Leathem, J M; Murphy, L J; Flett, R A

1998-10-01

374

Developing Information Systems for Competitive Intelligence Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses issues connected with developing information systems for competitive intelligence support; defines the elements of an effective competitive information system; and summarizes issues affecting system design and implementation. Highlights include intelligence information; information needs; information sources; decision making; and…

Hohhof, Bonnie

1994-01-01

375

Developing Information Systems for Competitive Intelligence Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses issues connected with developing information systems for competitive intelligence support; defines the elements of an effective competitive information system; and summarizes issues affecting system design and implementation. Highlights include intelligence information; information needs; information sources; decision making; and…

Hohhof, Bonnie

1994-01-01

376

Media Competency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The need to teach media competency in the schools in a systematic way has been largely unrecognized. The Media Now course of study provides an example of the type of instruction needed to teach the knowledge and skills necessary for informed media consump...

R. Curtis

1975-01-01

377

Underage abortion and beyond: developments of Spanish law in competent minor's autonomy.  

PubMed

This paper examines the recent developments in underage abortion and related questions in Spanish law. Despite the prevalence of the language of autonomy, like in Britain, children's interests are not defined in Spain by relying exclusively on the competent child's views. Parental opinion and societal expectations are given due weight, although sometimes only implicitly. Calculated ambiguity in legal practice and in the relevant legal texts provides evidence of the pervasive influence of deeply rooted distrust as against clear-cut rules favouring a young person's autonomy. PMID:22311671

Ribot, Jordi

2012-02-06

378

Multi-cultural and multi-ethnic considerations and advanced directives: developing cultural competency.  

PubMed

Attention to culturally specific rituals germane to end-of-life rituals are important for the nurse who is delivering culturally competent care. The Patient Self-Determination Act implemented in the United States in 1991 brought with it some specific assumptions of values related to end-of-life care involving patient autonomy, informed decision making, truth telling and control over the dying process (USC, 1990). The assumptions and values assumed in this act are not necessarily shared by persons in the United States who are from a minority culture, particularly one other than White of European descent. This manuscript considers the values of the Patient Self-Determination Act passed in the United States and specific cultural beliefs which may pose a conflict for the care giver in the delivery of culturally competent care. The Giger and Davdihizar (2004) Transcultural Assessment Model is used as a way to assess patient and the family in an effort to plan culturally appropriate care that recognizes the uniqueness of each individual at the end of life. PMID:16696539

Giger, Joyce Newman; Davidhizar, Ruth E; Fordham, Pamela

2006-01-01

379

Competencies in HRD. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium is comprised of three papers on competencies in human resource development (HRD). "The Development of a Competency Model and Assessment Instrument for Public Sector Leadership and Management Development" (Sharon S. Naquin, Elwood F. Holton III) reports on a streamlined methodology and process used to develop a competency model for…

2002

380

Social Information-Processing Skills Training to Promote Social Competence and Prevent Aggressive Behavior in the Third Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a school-based study designed to promote social competence and reduce aggressive behavior by strengthening children's skills in processing social information and regulating emotions. Three successive cohorts of 3rd graders (N = 548) from 2 schools participated. In 2000–2001, children received a routine health curriculum; in 2001–2002, students received the Making Choices: Social Problem Solving Skills for Children

Mark W. Fraser; Maeda J. Galinsky; Paul R. Smokowski; Steven H. Day; Mary A. Terzian; Roderick A. Rose; Shenyang Guo

2005-01-01

381

Competencies: A New Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)|

Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

2002-01-01

382

Developing, Maintaining, and Updating Competency in Occupational Therapy: A Guide to Self-Appraisal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to help occupational therapists maintain and update their professional competency through use of a self-appraisal competency checklist. The first section discusses issues related to competence such as the demands of new situations or client populations and the essentially self-directed nature of the lifelong process of…

Thomson, Linda Kohlman; Lieberman, Deborah; Murphy, Roberta; Wendt, Eugene; Poole, Janet; Hertfelder, Sarah D.

383

Effects of larval rearing temperature on immature development and West Nile virus vector competence of Culex tarsalis  

PubMed Central

Background Temperature is known to induce changes in mosquito physiology, development, ecology, and in some species, vector competence for arboviruses. Since colonized mosquitoes are reared under laboratory conditions that can be significantly different from their field counterparts, laboratory vector competence experiments may not accurately reflect natural vector-virus interactions. Methods We evaluated the effects of larval rearing temperature on immature development parameters and vector competence of two Culex tarsalis strains for West Nile virus (WNV). Results Rearing temperature had a significant effect on mosquito developmental parameters, including shorter time to pupation and emergence and smaller female body size as temperature increased. However, infection, dissemination, and transmission rates for WNV at 5, 7, and 14 days post infectious feeding were not consistently affected. Conclusions These results suggest that varying constant larval rearing temperature does not significantly affect laboratory estimates of vector competence for WNV in Culex tarsalis mosquitoes.

2012-01-01

384

From Research to Practice: Developing and Delivering a Culturally Competent Trauma Curriculum for Child Welfare Practitioners After 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the experiences of social work scholar-practitioners who developed and delivered a culturally competent trauma curriculum to child welfare practitioners in New York City in the aftermath of the World Trade Center terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. It explores the challenges in teaching practitioners culturally competent, evidence-based practice in general and trauma-related content in particular, offering orienting

Roni Berger; Patricia A. Joyce

2010-01-01

385

Critical thinking: a central element in developing action competence in health and environmental education.  

PubMed

In the field of educational philosophy, health and environmental education share many common goals and challenges on the level of curriculum theorizing as well as the level of pedagogical practice. One of these challenges is to develop a radical philosophy of education which is critical and takes a controversial point of departure rather than the one of accommodation. It highlights, in other words, the socially critical role of education. From this point of view some key concepts are discussed in the paper in relation to health and environmental education: democracy as means and end, critical thinking, the critical orientation, and the action perspective. One of these concepts, critical thinking, is elaborated in particular as it is considered to be essential to pupils' development of action competence. A description is given how it can be seen from four perspectives: the epistemological, the transformative, the dialectical and the holistic. PMID:10176372

Mogensen, F

1997-12-01

386

INFORMATION LITERACY FOR MANAGING COMMUNITY KNOWLEDGE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN A KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on and discusses the knowledge, competencies, and qualities necessary for information professionals, knowledge managers and others undertaking information provision and knowledge management among, rural and indigenous communities especially in developing countries where knowledge societies are emerging. We propose that it is useful and possible to widen the scope of knowledge management (KM) beyond the enterprise environment, applying

A. Neelameghan; Greg Chester

387

Development and Validation of the Health Competence Beliefs Inventory in Young Adults With and Without a History of Childhood Cancer  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescent and young adult survivors of childhood cancer are a vulnerable population. Health beliefs may be related to necessary follow-up care. Purpose This study seeks to develop a measure of health beliefs for adolescents and young adults with and without a history of cancer. Methods Inductive and deductive methods and focus groups were used to develop the Health Competence Beliefs Inventory. Cancer survivors (n=138) and comparison participants (n=130) completed the Health Competence Beliefs Inventory and other measures. Healthcare providers reported current medical problems. Results A series of iterative exploratory factor analyses generated a 21-item four-factor solution: (1) Health Perceptions; (2) Satisfaction with Healthcare; (3) Cognitive Competence; and (4) Autonomy. Survivors reported significantly different Health Competence Beliefs Inventory scale scores than comparisons (p<.05). The Health Competence Beliefs Inventory was associated with beliefs, affect, quality of life, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and medical problems. Conclusions The Health Competence Beliefs Inventory is a promising measure of adolescent and young adult perceptions of health and well-being.

DeRosa, Branlyn Werba; Doshi, Kinjal; Schwartz, Lisa A.; Ginsberg, Jill; Mao, Jun J.; Straton, Joseph; Hobbie, Wendy; Rourke, Mary T.; Carlson, Claire; Ittenbach, Richard F.

2012-01-01

388

Competence development and learning in British and German subsidiaries of MNCs : Why and how national institutions still matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper develops a deeper understanding of the origin, development and implementation of overall change management strategies in multinationals and their implications for competence development and learning practices in UK and German subsidiaries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The cross-national research project applies mainly qualitative research methods. Findings – Despite increased integrative attempts by headquarters, especially in two out of three

Mike Geppert

2005-01-01

389

Competency assessment and development among health-care leaders: results of a cross-sectional survey.  

PubMed

In light of the challenges involved in leading a health care organization, it is important that the executives and managers charged with doing so are competent in a variety of areas. However, leading at all organizational levels does not necessarily require the same levels and types of competencies. The purpose of this research is to determine how well competency training works in health care organizations, and to obtain a better understanding of the competencies needed for leaders at different points of their careers and at various organizational levels. Ten health care management competency domains thought to positively influence job performance for health care executives are presented. The study seeks to answer four hypotheses related to self-perceptions of competencies and training opportunities at various hierarchical levels. A survey method was used to sample a subset of the healthcare executive population in the USA, based on three variables of interest, competency training opportunities, self-reported level of competency and hierarchical level. A series of Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were conducted to identify perceived differences in both competency level and training opportunities among respondents of various hierarchical levels. The most significant result of our research is that competency training is effective in health care organizations. The implications and need for additional research are discussed. PMID:22673697

Yarbrough Landry, Amy; Stowe, Michael; Haefner, James

2012-05-01

390

Balancing Competing Demands for Accountability: Technology's Role in Information Access and Production.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how competing demands for accountability in public education are grounded in different visions of the role of education in a democratic society. It also suggests that accountability in education is being profoundly shaped by the technological revolution. While some contradictions in accountability stem from different goals for…

Ivory, Gary; Derlin, Roberta

391

Measuring competence development for performing high flow extracranial-to-intracranial bypass.  

PubMed

We report our experience with competence development in the performance of high flow extracranial-to-intracranial (HF EC-IC) bypass surgery because of the infrequency of, and hence potential exposure to, this challenging surgery. We reviewed the National Hospital Morbidity Database for the incidence of EC-IC bypass surgery as well as a prospectively collected database (institutional experience). The following were recorded from the institutional experience: graft occlusion, stenosis, disruption, distal ischaemia, surgical complications of the bypass leading to a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score >2, and intraoperative cross-clamping time. The cross-clamping time was considered the total time that circulation may have been impaired, which included both the distal and proximal cross-clamping periods. The Australian national EC-IC bypass rate (of all bypass types) averaged 1.9 cases per 1,000,000 head of population annually. The institutional experience (170 cases) of high flow EC-IC bypass in this series was associated with 14.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 10.1-20.9) of graft complications. Graft-specific complications leading to a mRS score >2 were 5.9% (95% CI 3.1-10.6). For the 83 patients where the cross-clamping time was known, the time of cross-clamping was 44 ± 14 min. We concluded that HF EC-IC bypasses are rarely performed procedures that challenge the development of surgical competence. Novel ways of developing and maintaining surgical skills are necessary, including simulation and laboratory experience. PMID:23790622

Sia, Sheau Fung; Lai, Leon; Morgan, Michael Kerin

2013-06-18

392

Conspiracies and Competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universities and other higher education institutions are predominantly organizations that convey knowledge, more than developing competences - these are often the verbally proclaimed but only rarely achieved goals. There can be two reasons for this discrepancy. First, conveying informational as well as subject-specific and specialized knowledge can even today be planned, assessed, and checked much more easily than conveying competences - an approach for teaching, which needs new patterns of thought and actions. Teachers and learners, assistants and assessing staff, and especially actors and planners who are concerned with questions of educational politics therefore form a "conspiracy of assessors," which has chosen the simpler and seemingly safer approach. This approach, however, seems to be ignorant of future developments. Second, conveying competences needs different forms of learning and teaching than conveying knowledge. The question of the acquisition (interiorization) of rules, assessments, and results of assessments (= values) and norms in the form of the learners' own emotions and motivations is central. Becoming emotionally labilized is pivotal to this appropriation. Emotional labilization also provides a criterion for assessing the effectiveness of Web 2.0 instruments for developing competences.

Erpenbeck, John

393

Community-based Information Technology Workforce Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-based Information Technology Workforce Development is a design pattern for community computing in which community members build the information and activities of their own information infrastructure, and though doing this, and through sharing with other community members, they develop and enhance their information technology skills. This is a vision for continuous community learning about information technology, and a programme for

John M. Carroll; Daniel R. Dunlap; Philip L. Isenhour; Andrea Kavanaugh; Mary Beth Rosson; Wendy Schafer

394

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan; Medir, Magda; Ozgen, Sibel; Witt, Hans-Joerg

2011-08-31

395

Competence Across the Lifespan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The characteristics that comprise competent functioning are principal elements of adaptive social, emotional, and cognitive growth and development. Moreover, aspects of competence may serve as important protective factors that reduce the risk for psychopathology and illness. The attributes that constitute competence differ, however, with development as the resources and skills that are needed for effective functioning change with the major

Bruce E. Compas; Alexandra Harding

396

Information superhighway: Issues affecting development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technological advances in the transmission of voice, video, and data are fostering fundamental changes in the telecommunications industry. For example, large local telephone companies plan to offer video services in competition with cable and broadcast television, while cable television companies plan to offer local telephone service over their wires in competition with the local telephone companies. The administration believes that these technological changes provide the opportunity to develop an 'Information Superhighway' that could provide every element of society with ready access to data, voice, and video communications. Concurrently, the Congress is considering sweeping changes to telecommunications regulations to keep pace with this dynamic industry. GAO prepared this report to serve as an overview of three key issues that decisionmakers may face as they deliberate telecommunications legislation; it focuses on three pivotal issues they face in formulating new telecommunications legislation: (1) managing the transition to a more competitive local telecommunications marketplace; (2) ensuring that all consumers have access to affordable telecommunications as competition develops; and (3) ensuring that the Information Superhighway provides adequate security, privacy, reliability, and interoperability.

1994-09-01

397

The development of a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for BSN graduates.  

PubMed

Under the current nursing education system in Taiwan, a fair and objective evaluation of group health teaching competency has been lacking for a long time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for baccalaureate graduates. Action research was the main research methodology used in this study. The research consisted of two phases. In the first phase, a development committee was established. Based on routine discussions, literature reviews and realistic cases, a draft examination model with quasi-clinical situation model content and procedure was developed. Examination Facility Preparations, Simulated Scenarios and Client Recruitments, Examination Result Evaluation (evaluated by teachers) and Learning Guidelines were also prepared. This draft was reviewed twice for expert opinion, a pilot test was done and both the draft and pilot testing were reviewed again before the draft was finalized. The second phase involved refining the examination model by actually practicing the completed draft examination model in a simulated group-teaching setting in order to examine the model's reliability and validity. Fifteen people were involved in this experiment: three nursing personnel each having at least two years' clinical and teaching experience; three nursing students who did not have actual clinical experience and had not taken the course of teaching principles; three senior teachers; and six virtual patients. The responses from the nursing personnel, nursing students, teachers, and virtual patients who participated in the testing were gathered and integrated to refine the model. The model has content, expert and discriminative validity. The reliability of the model was proven by the high consistency in administration and scoring of the model by clinical examiners. This examination model is not only applicable for the proof of students' credit point exemption, but also as an alternative option for examining nursing personnel in traditional nursing education and practice. PMID:19061174

Tai, Chun-Yi; Chung, Ue-Lin

2008-12-01

398

Developing dairy farmer business management competence through the Preferred Future workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the wealth of information freely available via a range of media, farmers lack both confidence and many of the capabilities to develop their own written strategic business plans. The fact that most farmers do not have a formal strategic plan for their business is testimony to this. Information per se is unlikely to be constraining individuals in completing this

J. D. Stantiall; W. J. Parker; Nicola M. Shadbolt

1999-01-01

399

Project ACT (Adult Competency Training): Region VIII Adult Education Staff Development: Second-Year Report: FY '74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second-year report describes Project ACT (Adult Competency Training) efforts from July 1, 1973 to June 30, 1974 to develop a regional staff development system. Three elements were perceived to be essential: a regional consortium organization to effectively implement ACT programs, State-by-State and region-wide; a multi-dimensional trainer…

Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins. Dept. of Education.

400

New horizons: developing the novice infection control nurse through work-based learning and the new professional core competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to provide the reader with an example of using the professional core competencies for infection control nurses, together with the self-assessment tool, to provide a framework for the development of a trainee infection control nurse using the opportunities for work-based learning that present themselves as an integral part of this clinical nurse specialist role. The development of

L Tew; D King; L Moore; D Meyers

2002-01-01

401

Professional Development that Works: Shifting Preschool Teachers' Beliefs and Use of Instructional Strategies to Promote Children's Peer Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of a professional development (PD) experience on preschool teachers' instructional strategy development. Focusing on supporting young children's peer social competence as a common interest, preschool teachers were guided to design the specific contents of the PD workshops and were offered an on-site…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2012-01-01

402

Assessing Social Competence in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Mental Retardation and Typical Development Using a Standardized Playground Observation Checklist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that causes lifelong disability. The current study examined archival data to assess similarities and differences in social competency among children with ASD, children with mental retardation, and children who are typically developing while at play. Play has been linked to many areas of development including intellectual, social, and emotional growth. Because

Lisa M. Gillespie

2011-01-01

403

Implementation of a 360-degree feedback assessment process for the development of the leadership competence of senior engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Management in Practice (PMP) course at the School of Chemical Engineering (Tarragona, Spain) aims to develop senior engineering students' leadership competence. Over the last decade, 360 degree feedback has been widely used in leadership development practices. This paper describes the implementation of the 360 degree feedback process into PMP course. Within the scope of this implementation, a \\

Sibel Özgen; Joan R. Alabart; Magda Medir

404

The Determinants and Impact of Customer Base in Modern Information Age: A Competence-Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Based on competence-based view and network economics, this study intends to explore the determinants and the impact of customer\\u000a base of Internet-based firms. This study suggests that the types of firm capabilities (technological versus marketing) are\\u000a determined the customer base, and the customer base and firm capabilities impact on firm performance as well. Drawing on website\\u000a traffic data and stock

Bau-Jung Chang

405

Leadership development study :success profile competencies and high-performing leaders at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia is undergoing tremendous change. Sandia's executive management recognized the need for leadership development. About ten years ago the Business, Leadership, and Management Development department in partnership with executive management developed and implemented the organizational leadership Success Profile Competencies to help address some of the changes on the horizon such as workforce losses and lack of a skill set in the area of interpersonal skills. This study addresses the need for the Business, Leadership, and Management Development department to provide statistically sound data in two areas. One is to demonstrate that the organizational 360-degree success profile assessment tool has made a difference for leaders. A second area is to demonstrate the presence of high performing leaders at the Labs. The study utilized two tools to address these two areas. Study participants were made up of individuals who have solid data on Sandia's 360-degree success profile assessment tool. The second assessment tool was comprised of those leaders who participated in the Lockheed Martin Corporation Employee Preferences Survey. Statistical data supports the connection between leader indicators and the 360-degree assessment tool. The study also indicates the presence of high performing leaders at Sandia.

Becker, Katherine M.; Mulligan, Deborah Rae; Szenasi, Gail L.; Crowder, Stephen Vernon

2005-04-01

406

Integrative Medicine in Residency Education: Developing Competency Through Online Curriculum Training  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Integrative Medicine in Residency (IMR) program, a 200-hour Internet-based, collaborative educational initiative was implemented in 8 family medicine residency programs and has shown a potential to serve as a national model for incorporating training in integrative/complementary/alternative medicine in graduate medical education. Intervention The curriculum content was designed based on a needs assessment and a set of competencies for graduate medical education developed following the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education outcome project guidelines. The content was delivered through distributed online learning and included onsite activities. A modular format allowed for a flexible implementation in different residency settings. Evaluation To assess the feasibility of implementing the curriculum, a multimodal evaluation was utilized, including: (1) residents' evaluation of the curriculum; (2) residents' competencies evaluation through medical knowledge testing, self-assessment, direct observations, and reflections; and (3) residents' wellness and well-being through behavioral assessments. Results The class of 2011 (n??=??61) had a high rate of curriculum completion in the first and second year (98.7% and 84.2%) and course evaluations on meeting objectives, clinical utility, and functioning of the technology were highly rated. There was a statistically significant improvement in medical knowledge test scores for questions aligned with content for both the PGY-1 and PGY-2 courses. Conclusions The IMR program is an advance in the national effort to make training in integrative medicine available to physicians on a broad scale and is a success in terms of online education. Evaluation suggests that this program is feasible for implementation and acceptable to residents despite the many pressures of residency.

Lebensohn, Patricia; Kligler, Benjamin; Dodds, Sally; Schneider, Craig; Sroka, Selma; Benn, Rita; Cook, Paula; Guerrera, Mary; Dog, Tieraona Low; Sierpina, Victor; Teets, Raymond; Waxman, Dael; Woytowicz, John; Weil, Andrew; Maizes, Victoria

2012-01-01

407

Evolution of an Innovation: Development of a Competency-Based Educational Research Course, 1972-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the fall quarter 1972, a total competency-based educational research course was offered at Florida International University. At that time, the course was characterized by prescribed competencies, criterion-referenced evaluation, the absence of tests, credit-no credit grading, self pacing, unlimited recycling to criterion, and individual…

Gay, L. R.

408

Developing a Competency-Based Component for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies are identified for the four primary instructional areas of the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum: plant science, agricultural mechanics, natural resources, and animal science. The competencies for each instructional area are divided into those for exploratory units generally appropriate for instruction at the…

EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

409

Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice. Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers shows how intercultural competence can be realized in the classroom. The 17 chapters include the following: (1) "The International Partnership Project" (Carol Morgan); (2) "Teaching Intercultural Communicative Competence through Literature" (Eva Burwitz-Melzer); (3) "'Up the Hills of Identity'" (Elena Tarasheva and Leah…

Byram, Michael, Ed.; Nichols, Adam, Ed.; Stevens, David, Ed.

410

Cultural Competence: Developing Policies To Address the Health Care Needs of Culturally Diverse Clientele  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home health care organizations striving to effectively serve their clientele may be experiencing barriers, one of which is serving a culturally and linguistically diverse population. The National Center for Cultural Competence (NCCC) identifies seven salient reasons in this article for incorporating cultural competence into organizational policy. The article provides an examplary definition that can be adapted and useful to home

Tawara D. Goode; Suganya Sockalingam

2000-01-01

411

The transition to parenthood and development of parents' personality and emotional competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the influence of the transition to parenthood on parents' personality traits and emotional competencies, the authors conducted a two-wave longitudinal research programme (during pregnancy and 6 months postpartum) on 307 parents (214 primiparous and 93 multiparous). At each wave, participants completed a questionnaire assessing personality traits (NEO-60) and emotional competencies (TEIQue). The main results showed few personality and

Sarah Galdiolo; Isabelle Roskam

2012-01-01

412

Childhood Emotional Bonds With Parents, Development of Adult Social Competencies, and Availability of Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counselors often assume that clients’ social support deficits are due to insufficient resources in their environment. This study examined the hypothesis that poor parental bonds in childhood lead to adult social competency deficits that are in part responsible for low social support. Survey data were collected from 253 undergraduates to measure (a) social support; (b) social competencies, general and social

Brent Mallinckrodt

1992-01-01

413

Using Q-methodology in competency development for CEOs in public parks and recreation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study generated a systematic and comprehensive view of park and recreation CEO competencies by examining how CEOs in public parks and recreation subjectively ranked various competencies using Q-sorts and Q-methodology. Results found three different types of CEOs: the practical CEO, the structured CEO, and the traditionalist CEO. The Practical CEO focused on employee involvement in decision making thus making

Daniel D. Mclean; Amy R. Hurd; Ryan R. Jensen

2005-01-01

414

Family Resources and Development of Social Competence in Disadvantaged Children in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explored relationship between family resources and social competence of 300 adolescents. Found that parental education, occupation, and family income were related to positive peer and teacher-related social competence among advantaged adolescents. Negative responses and outside family support were positively related to disadvantaged adolescents'…

Muni, Anita Kumari; Rath, Arundhati; Choudhury, Aparajita

1997-01-01

415

Competence in Competency-Based Supervision Practice: Construct and Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing competent clinical supervision is challenging for the practitioner both in determining supervisee competencies and in conducting the corresponding supervision. Competence, an ethical principle that informs the practice of psychology, refers to requisite knowledge, skills, and values for effective performance. Similar to other health care professions, psychology is increasingly moving towards competency-based approaches in education, training, and performance appraisal. In

Carol A. Falender; Edward P. Shafranske

2007-01-01

416

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

2010-12-28

417

Valproic acid improves the in vitro development competence of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos.  

PubMed

The present study was carried out to examine the effect of valproic acid (VPA), an important histone deacetylase inhibitor, on the in vitro development and expression of the epigenetic marker histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9ac) in bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. We found that treatment with 4 mM VPA for 24 h could significantly improve the development of bovine SCNT embryos. Compared with the no-treatment group, the cleavage rate was higher (69.79 ± 0.99% vs. 65.11 ± 1.02%, p<0.05), as was the blastocyst rate (39.99 ± 1.29% vs. 34.87 ± 1.74%, p<0.05). Moreover, the rate of apoptosis (1.91 ± 0.48% vs. 5.67 ± 0.40%, p<0.05) in blastocysts was greatly reduced after VPA treatment. Valproic acid treatment also increased the immunofluorescent signal for H3K9ac in SCNT embryos in a pattern similar to that of in vitro fertilized (IVF) embryos. In conclusion, we demonstrated that VPA can significantly improve the in vitro developmental competence and enhance the nuclear reprogramming of bovine SCNT embryos. PMID:22372575

Xu, Wenbing; Wang, Yongsheng; Li, Yanyan; Wang, Lijun; Xiong, Xianrong; Su, Jianmin; Zhang, Yong

2012-02-28

418

Management Development: Using Internal or External Resources in Developing Core Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article defines management as a source of organizational competitive advantage and from the view that managers are some of the employees most vital to a firm. According to influential theories in the field of strategic management, such human assets should be protected, governed, and developed internally. In contrast to the traditional view…

Espedal, Bjarne

2005-01-01

419

Project ACT (Adult Competency Training): Region VIII Adult Education Staff Development: Mid-Year Report: FY '75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third-year report of the regional staff development system of the Adult Competency Training Project (Project ACT) examines and evaluates the events, activities, and accomplishments of Individualized Training Programs (ITP), regional policy board meetings, staff and participant travel, and planning during FY 1974. Present and anticipated…

Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins. Dept. of Education.

420

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Assisted/Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM). During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

421

Development of Interactional Competence in L2 Japanese during Study Abroad: The Use of Modal Expressions in Recipient Actions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation investigates the processes in which second language (L2) speakers of Japanese develop their interactional competence in using modal expressions (e.g., "ne" [I share your view], "kamo" [maybe]) as recipients during study abroad. Although previous research has found that beginning learners of Japanese use the acknowledging receipt…

Ishida, Midori

2010-01-01

422

White racial identity development of MFT therapists and its relationship to multicultural counseling competency and ethnocultural empathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship of Helms's (1984, 1996) White racial identity development (WRID) model and socio-demographic variables on multicultural counseling competency (MCC) and ethnocultural empathy of Marriage and Family Therapy clinicians and students, when social desirability is controlled. Two hundred and twenty participants completed a survey consisting of (a) a Demographic Questionnaire, (b) White

Nithyakala Karuppaswamy

2005-01-01

423

Competence Development in Swedish, South African and Russian SME's: A Study of Attitudes and Preferences Across Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes towards learning, or the understanding of what kind of instruments and methods to utilize in training, are not necessarily the same in different countries. By comparing attitudes towards competence development among small business managers in Russia, South Africa and Sweden as well as their methodological preferences, we here especially pinpoint the differences across countries. Departing from a situation where

Håkan YLINENPÄÄ

424

The ludic aspect of competence development in collaborative learning environments through the Internet: A use case with Journalism students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pedagogical use of Internet has brought a revolution to the ways of teaching and learning in modern higher education. This paper aims at sharing a particular experience about the ludic aspect in the use of multimedia tools, so that the student works in a collaborative way with her colleagues, developing the competences of a professional journalist, using various technological media

O. Martínez Bonastre; J. A. García Avilés

425

An approach to development of personalized e-learning environment for dyslexic pupils' acquisition of reading competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dyslexic pupils have specific learning difficulties in acquiring of basic competences in reading and writing. Their education is successful, if it is personalized and individual. It can be achieved by development of personalized e-learning environments that support teaching dyslexic pupil to read. The paper presents a framework for producing of computer-based personalized environment. Its kernel is a conceptual model

Rumen Andreev; Valentina Terzieva; Petia Kademova-Katzarova

2009-01-01

426

PERCEIVED LEVELS OF CULTURAL COMPETENCE THROUGH SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR URBAN SCHOOL SOCIAL WORKERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to report on findings from an exploratory study that examines the linkages among social work education programs, professional development, and school social workers' perceived level of cultural competence in urban public school systems that have a majority African American student enrollment. This study seeks to shed light on the need to engage in empirical

Martell L. Teasley

2005-01-01

427

Developing Cross-Cultural Communicative Competence in Pre-Service ESL/EFL Teachers: A Critical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined efforts to develop cross-cultural communicative competence in students enrolled in an M.A. course in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). Focused on the conceptualization of culture utilized in the program, professional and cultural identity formation processes that appear to be occurring, and characterization of…

Sehlaoui, Abdelilah Salim

2001-01-01

428

Development of competency-based web learning material and effect evaluation of self-directed learning aptitudes on learning achievements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the sample of 38 students. The results of this study indicate

Chi-Cheng Chang

2006-01-01

429

Developing Cross-Cultural Communicative Competence in Pre-Service ESL/EFL Teachers: A Critical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined efforts to develop cross-cultural communicative competence in students enrolled in an M.A. course in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). Focused on the conceptualization of culture utilized in the program, professional and cultural identity formation processes that appear to be occurring, and characterization of…

Sehlaoui, Abdelilah Salim

2001-01-01

430

Risk factors for the development of nosocomial pneumonia and mortality on intensive care units: application of competing risks models  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is a very common nosocomial infection in intensive care units (ICUs). Many studies have investigated risk factors for the development of infection and its consequences. However, the evaluation in most of theses studies disregards the fact that there are additional competing events, such as discharge or death. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted over 18 months in

Martin Wolkewitz; Ralf Peter Vonberg; Hajo Grundmann; Jan Beyersmann; Petra Gastmeier; Sina Bärwolff; Christine Geffers; Michael Behnke; Henning Rüden; Martin Schumacher

2008-01-01

431

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

432

A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

2011-01-01

433

1021. Development of a Syrian Hamster Animal Model To Study Replication Competent Adenovirus Vectors for Cancer Gene Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Replication-competent adenovirus vectors for cancer gene therapy are typically evaluated in immunodeficient nude or SCID mice bearing human xenograft tumors. However, the lack of an intact immune system in these animals lessens the relevance of these models to a clinical scenario. We have developed a novel Syrian hamster animal model for the study of oncolytic adenovirus vectors. Initially, we observed

Maria A. Thomas; Jacqueline F. Spencer; Karoly Toth; Marie C. LaRegina; Ann E. Tollefson; Baoling Ying; Mohan Kuppuswamy; Jennifer M. Meyer; Drew L. Lichenstein; Louis A. Zumstein; William S. M. Wold

2005-01-01

434

TARGET ARTICLE WITH COMMENTARIES AND RESPONSE A hierarchical competing systems model of the emergence and early development of executive function  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function - the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior - in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a developmentally invariant habit system and a conscious representational system

Stuart Marcovitch; Philip David Zelazo

435

A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

2011-01-01

436

Exploring Middle School Students' Representational Competence in Science: Development and Verification of a Framework for Learning with Visual Representations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific knowledge is constructed and communicated through a range of forms in addition to verbal language. Maps, graphs, charts, diagrams, formulae, models, and drawings are just some of the ways in which science concepts can be represented. Representational competence---an aspect of visual literacy that focuses on the ability to interpret, transform, and produce visual representations---is a key component of science literacy and an essential part of science reading and writing. To date, however, most research has examined learning from representations rather than learning with representations. This dissertation consisted of three distinct projects that were related by a common focus on learning from visual representations as an important aspect of scientific literacy. The first project was the development of an exploratory framework that is proposed for use in investigations of students constructing and interpreting multimedia texts. The exploratory framework, which integrates cognition, metacognition, semiotics, and systemic functional linguistics, could eventually result in a model that might be used to guide classroom practice, leading to improved visual literacy, better comprehension of science concepts, and enhanced science literacy because it emphasizes distinct aspects of learning with representations that can be addressed though explicit instruction. The second project was a metasynthesis of the research that was previously conducted as part of the Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science project (Pacific CRYSTAL, http://www.educ.uvic.ca/pacificcrystal). Five overarching themes emerged from this case-to-case synthesis: the engaging and effective nature of multimedia genres, opportunities for differentiated instruction using multimodal strategies, opportunities for assessment, an emphasis on visual representations, and the robustness of some multimodal literacy strategies across content areas. The third project was a mixed-methods verification study that was conducted to refine and validate the theoretical framework. This study examined middle school students' representational competence and focused on students' creation of visual representations such as labelled diagrams, a form of representation commonly found in science information texts and textbooks. An analysis of the 31 Grade 6 participants' representations and semistructured interviews revealed five themes, each of which supports one or more dimensions of the exploratory framework: participants' use of color, participants' choice of representation (form and function), participants' method of planning for representing, participants' knowledge of conventions, and participants' selection of information to represent. Together, the results of these three projects highlight the need for further research on learning with rather than learning from representations.

Tippett, Christine Diane

437

Student Perception of Teaching Effectiveness: Development and Validation of the Evaluation of Teaching Competencies Scale (ETCS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A major criticism of student evaluations of teaching is that they do not reflect student perspectives. Using critical incidents job analysis, students identified nine teaching effectiveness competencies: communication, availability, creativity, individual consideration, social awareness, feedback, professionalism, conscientiousness and…

Catano, Victor M.; Harvey, Steve

2011-01-01

438

Genetic education and the challenge of genomic medicine: development of core competences to support preparation of health professionals in Europe  

PubMed Central

The use of genetics and genomics within a wide range of health-care settings requires health professionals to develop expertise to practise appropriately. There is a need for a common minimum standard of competence in genetics for health professionals in Europe but because of differences in professional education and regulation between European countries, setting curricula may not be practical. Core competences are used as a basis for health professional education in many fields and settings. An Expert Group working under the auspices of the EuroGentest project and European Society of Human Genetics Education Committee agreed that a pragmatic solution to the need to establish common standards for education and practice in genetic health care was to agree to a set of core competences that could apply across Europe. These were agreed through an exhaustive process of consultation with relevant health professionals and patient groups. Sets of competences for practitioners working in primary, secondary and tertiary care have been agreed and were approved by the European Society of Human Genetics. The competences provide an appropriate framework for genetics education of health professionals across national boundaries, and the suggested learning outcomes are available to guide development of curricula that are appropriate to the national context, educational system and health-care setting of the professional involved. Collaboration between individuals from many European countries and professions has resulted in an adaptable framework for both pre-registration and continuing professional education. This competence framework has the potential to improve the quality of genetic health care for patients globally.

Skirton, Heather; Lewis, Celine; Kent, Alastair; Coviello, Domenico A

2010-01-01

439

The Competency-Based Curriculum: Developing a Mosaic. Educational Forum Proceedings (Dunbar Senior High School, District of Columbia, April 7-8, 1978).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this publication are presentations and summaries given at a forum designed to provide information about the status of the competency-based curriculum and its implications for competency-based education. On the topic "Instructional Support for CBC: Where the System Is Now," three presenters, James T. Guines, Wilbur A. Millard, and P.…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.

440

Testing the Causal Mediation Component of Dodge's Social Information Processing Model of Social Competence and Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Dodge's model of "social information processing" depression is the result of a linear sequence of five stages of information processing ("Annu Rev Psychol" 44: 559-584, 1993). These stages follow a person's reaction to situational stimuli, such that each stage of information processing mediates the relationship between earlier and later…

Possel, Patrick; Seemann, Simone; Ahrens, Stefanie; Hautzinger, Martin

2006-01-01

441

Bacillus subtilis YqjG is required for genetic competence development.  

PubMed

Members of the evolutionary conserved Oxa1/Alb3/YidC family have been shown to play an important role in membrane protein insertion, folding and/or assembly. Bacillus subtilis contains two YidC-like proteins, denoted as SpoIIIJ and YqjG. SpoIIIJ and YqjG are largely exchangeable, but SpoIIIJ is essential for spore formation and YqjG cannot complement this activity. To elucidate the role of YqjG, we determined the membrane proteome and functional aspects of B. subtilis cells devoid of SpoIIIJ, YqjG or both. The data show that SpoIIIJ and YqjG have complementary functions in membrane protein insertion and assembly. The reduced levels of F(1)F(O) ATP synthase in cells devoid of both SpoIIIJ and YqjG are due to a defective assembly of the F(1)-domain onto the F(0)-domain. Importantly, for the first time, a specific function is demonstrated for YqjG in genetic competence development. PMID:21204254

Saller, Manfred J; Otto, Andreas; Berrelkamp-Lahpor, Greetje A; Becher, Dörte; Hecker, Michael; Driessen, Arnold J M

2010-12-10

442

[Evaluation of nursing teachers' competencies to develop educational programs for adults].  

PubMed

To evaluate the performance that nursing teachers assigned to themselves in the skills to develop educational programs for adults, was the aim of this descriptive, comparative, cross-sectional study, performed with 226 teachers of undergraduate nursing courses from Sao Paulo. Data were collected by Likert scale, introduced in Excel® spreadsheet and analyzed using descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests of Wilcoxon and Friedman. The population was predominantly between 46-55 years (87/38, 49%) were women (198/87, 61%) and have a master degree (180/79, 65%). The teachers were far from reaching the competences which they sought. The lower skill was in building the design of programs to meet the learning situations and, the bigger, in evaluating educational programs. The greatest desire was to design programs with creative formats, and the smaller, was to use councils, committees and task force. It was concluded that designing educational programs for adults is still something unexplored and little experienced by these teachers. PMID:24008708

Draganov, Patricia Bover; Sanna, Maria Cristina

2013-08-01

443

Cosmetology. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 17 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

444

Information Technology Developments for Geodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some recent research at UNAVCO and the University of Colorado has been focused on Rocky Mountain tectonics, and Information Technology (IT) in the areas of data visualization and distributed data serving. At UNAVCO, we are participating in the geodynamics work in the Rocky Mountain Testbed of the GEON NSF funded (IT) Research project (www.geongrid.org). As part of this work, a variety of seismic tomography models, GPS velocity vector data, strain rate models and other data have been recompiled into a standard format. These data and models are being incorporated into our OPeNDAP server and the Integrated Data Viewer (IDV). OPeNDAP servers are platform independent, self-describing distributed data servers allowing easy access to a wide audience. The IDV is a freely distributed visualization and analysis tool developed by UCAR that has several exciting capabilities such as online collaboration, and a variety of 1-d, 2-d and 3-d viewing options. Necessary solid earth viewing capabilities (earthquakes, focal mechanisms, faults, etc.) are currently being added to the IDV. Both our OPeNDAP server and visualization tool are being integrated into the GEON portal, a website for data searching, analysis, and visualization. Designing and implementing such systems now allows us to be more prepared for the volumes of data anticipated from various EarthScope projects. As part of the scientific research for GEON, we have also begun investigations of Colorado seismicity. The 1992 Rocky Mountain Front IRIS/PASSCAL seismic experiment recorded many local earthquakes. We have begun to locate these events and are working to create focal mechanisms and calculations of stress drop for this region. These will aid in improving seismic hazard and risk assessments for the rapidly growing Rocky Mountain population. New IT capabilities will help augment the quality of this work through sharing the data with a larger audience, providing a means to view and analyze integrated data, and quickly providing a computationally intensive baseline by which results can be checked.

Bensen, G. D.; Meertens, C. M.; Sheehan, A. F.

2004-12-01

445

Program Evaluation Competencies of Extension Professionals: Implications for Continuing Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As states face tough economic times, extension organizations are increasingly emphasizing the importance of evaluation data to show program value. However, little is known about the evaluation skills and abilities of extension professionals expected to collect such data. This knowledge would help inform professional development opportunities…

McClure, Megan M.; Fuhrman, Nicholas E.; Morgan, A. Christian

2012-01-01

446

Studio Learning: Motivation, Competence, and the Development of Young Art Students' Talent and Creativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on behavior associated with young art students' developing artistic talent (skills and art-making behavior) and creativity (personal expressions of visual information). The study examined the relationships among age and the components of creativity (i.e., technical skill, problem finding, ideation, evaluation, and motivation). The study compared the artistic processing and products of 25 younger art students (9- and

Susan M. Rostan

2010-01-01

447

Development and validation of the competence in evidence based practice questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among nursing students  

PubMed Central

Background Nursing educators need rigorously developed instruments to assess competency in evidence based practice (EBP) at undergraduate level. This concept is defined as the capability to choose and use an integrated combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes with the intention to develop a task in a certain context. Also, we understand that EBP is gaining knowledge and skills, as well as increasing positive attitudes toward EBP that will promote a change in behaviour to implement EBP in practice. This study aims to develop a psychometric test of the Evidence Based Practice Evaluation Competence Questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among undergraduate nursing students. Methods The questionnaire was developed by item generation through a review of scientific literature and focus groups. The instrument was validated in terms of content validity through an expert review. The EBP-COQ was administered to a cohort of nursing students (n =100) to evaluate test reliability and select the best items. Psychometric properties of the final instrument were assessed in a sample of 261 nursing students. Results The EBP-COQ consisted of 25 items. A factorial analysis grouped the items into the three categories that define competence relating to EBP: attitude, knowledge and skills. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.888 for the entire questionnaire. The factor solution explained 55.55% of the variance. Conclusions EBP-COQ appears to measure with adequate reliability the attributes of undergraduate nursing students’ competence in EBP. The instrument is quick to disseminate and easy to score, making it a suitable instrument for nursing educators to evaluate students’ self-perceived competence in EBP.

2013-01-01

448

Professional Development That Works: Shifting Preschool Teachers' Beliefs and Use of Instructional Strategies to Promote Children's Peer Social Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effectiveness of a professional development (PD) experience on preschool teachers' instructional strategy development. Focusing on supporting young children's peer social competence as a common interest, preschool teachers were guided to design the specific contents of the PD workshops and were offered an on-site facilitation opportunity, delineating teacher-driven and job-embedded approaches, respectively. Findings from this study suggest

Heejeong Sophia Han

2012-01-01

449

Observations on health information in developing countries.  

PubMed

Based on personal experiences, observations are offered on health information in developing countries, ways in which information systems can be strengthened, and opportunities for health-information science graduates. Although data collection consumes a significant portion of the health worker's day, information systems are often a low priority in developing countries. Health-information systems can be strengthened by focusing on local solutions, by building skills in health workers, by utilizing appropriate technology, and by integrating information systems into health programs. Health-information science graduates can assist in improving systems in developing countries, but this will require a broad and flexible definition of health information science, which is much more than computing technology; it is supporting health workers to define, manage, and apply the information they need. PMID:8072420

Hull, C

1994-06-01

450

Marketing reference and information services in libraries: a staff competencies framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

The premise of this paper is that the vision of taking your staff with you in the marketing process of reference and information services will be realized only when staffs participate both as contributors and experts of marketing the reference and information services in the library. There is, therefore, a need not only to engage staff in provision of reference

Sophia Kaane

451

Coverage of Competencies in the Curriculum of Information Studies: An International Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the collective judgments of a group of academics from North America, Southeast Asia and the Arabian Gulf region, as well as leading practitioners from the Arabian Gulf region, about the content of graduate degrees in information studies. The participants generally agreed about the content of the curriculum of information studies. The most…

ur Rehman, Sajjad; Al-Ansari, Husain; Yousef, Nibal

2002-01-01

452

Modelling financial markets with agents competing on different time scales and with different amount of information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use agent-based models to study the competition among investors who use trading strategies with different amount of information and with different time scales. We find that mixing agents that trade on the same time scale but with different amount of information has a stabilizing impact on the large and extreme fluctuations of the market. Traders with the most information are found to be more likely to arbitrage traders who use less information in the decision making. On the other hand, introducing investors who act on two different time scales has a destabilizing effect on the large and extreme price movements, increasing the volatility of the market. Closeness in time scale used in the decision making is found to facilitate the creation of local trends. The larger the overlap in commonly shared information the more the traders in a mixed system with different time scales are found to profit from the presence of traders acting at another time scale than themselves.

Wohlmuth, Johannes; Andersen, Jørgen Vitting

2006-05-01

453

APN Core Competencies: A Framework for Developing and Testing an APN Discharge Intervention  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to describe evidenced-based interventions as implemented by Advanced Practice Nurses (APN) conducting intervention research with a vulnerable population of blood and marrow transplant patients. In addition, each of the six core competencies of the APN role identified by Hamric are outlined and applied using a patient case study. These competencies are the following: direct clinical practice, expert coaching and advice, consultation, research skills, clinical and professional leadership, collaboration, and ethical decision-making.1 This article chronicles a typical patient's journey through a post hospital discharge nursing research study involving APNs as “intervention nurses” and discusses the various aspects of the APN core competencies throughout the process.

Cooke, Liz; Gemmill, Robin; Grant, Marcia

2011-01-01

454

Developing world class commissioning competencies in care services in England: the role of the service improvement agency.  

PubMed

This article provides an insight into the support needs of health and social care commissioners seeking to develop world class commissioning competencies and the role of service improvement agencies in meeting these needs. Reporting findings from the evaluation of one service improvement agency based in England, we focus on the 'improvement supports' (the products and services) that were delivered by the 'Care Services Improvement Partnership' through its 'Better Commissioning Programme'. In-depth interviews were carried out with 25 care commissioners (n = 25) exploring how the Programme was used in their day to day work, its perceived value and limitations. Given the lack of employer-led training and induction we conclude that service improvement agencies play an important role in developing commissioners' skills and competencies. However, we suggest that achieving world class commissioning may depend on a more fundamental rethink of commissioning organisations' approaches to learning and development. PMID:20039967

Cornes, Michelle; Manthorpe, Jill; Huxley, Peter; Waddington, Paul; Stevens, Martin; Evans, Sherrill

2009-12-20

455

Integrating marketing and information services functions: a complementarity and competence perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrating two disparate functions in organizations—marketing and information services (IS)—has become a critical business\\u000a concern due to the increasing use of information technology (IT) to find and open new markets, deliver improved services to\\u000a customers, and streamline internal marketing processes. This study appears to be the first to empirically examine the dynamics\\u000a of bringing these distinct groups of specialists together.

Cheryl Nakata; Zhen Zhu; Elif Izberk-Bilgin

456

Welding. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a comprehensive and verified employer competency list for a welding program. It contains units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability skills needed…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

457

Social Competence and Early Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the relationship between young children's social competence and the goals of early intervention programs. Social competence is seen as a central organizing construct in development, and competence with peers during the preschool years is examined in detail. Specifically, the peer-related social competence difficulties of handicapped children are discussed from a developmental perspective. The nature of assessment and

Michael J. Guralnick

1990-01-01

458

How infant and mother jointly contribute to developing cognitive competence in the child.  

PubMed Central

Infants who processed visual information more efficiently and had mothers who more frequently encouraged them to attend to properties, objects, and events in the home environment in the first 6 months of life excelled in verbal development during their second year and scored higher on a conventional psychometric assessment of intelligence at 4 years. These results, confirmed over several studies, support the idea of continuity in mental development from infancy and begin to specify parental didactic activities that may most efficaciously promote cognitive achievement in young children of different ages.

Bornstein, M H

1985-01-01

459

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal.…

Garbett, Dawn

2011-01-01

460

Online Social Network Dependency: Theoretical Development and Testing of Competing Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proliferation of new social media technologies has changed the behavioral patterns of online users. This study aims at investigating the structure and dimensionality of the Online Social Network Dependency (OSN Dependency). We tested the competing models built upon the cognitivebehavioral model and the biopsychogical framework of addiction. Our findings suggested that OSN Dependency can be explained by a higher-order

Dimple R. Thadani; Christy M. K. Cheung

2011-01-01

461

Effects of Cultural Interventions on Educational Competencies: Intelligence Rediscovered. Contribution of Education to Cultural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Massive cultural interventions that have occurred in the last 20 years have produced global intelligences whose characteristics transcend the cultural context. Global intelligences are communalities of competencies shared extensively among all world societies. This document presents a preliminary report on a study of global intelligences. Three…

MacKinnon, A. R.

462

The impact of learning goals on emotional, social, and cognitive intelligence competency development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to empirically examine the efficacy of setting multiple goals targeting complex competencies with a variety of time horizons pursued across a number of years. Most research conducted in the areas of goal setting examines an individual's ability to achieve a single goal targeting a simple skill or behavioral change within a short

David C. Leonard

2008-01-01

463

Parents' Nonshared Treatment of Siblings and the Development of Social Competence During Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes that there is a distinction between shared and nonshared parenting. This study investigated the contribution of these aspects of parenting to indexes of social competence in adolescents by means of a multimethod, multimeasure study. Nonshared parenting was predictive of child adjustment at least as strongly as was shared parenting. The nonshared components, however, were child-directed relations instead

Edward R. Anderson; E. Mavis Hetherington; David Reiss; George Howe

1994-01-01

464

LEARNING TO MAKE CHANGE Developing Innovation & Change Competence in African Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

There appears to be generally a broad consensus that the multidimensional nature and complexity underlying the critical problems of Africa such as poverty, food insecurity and disease urge for integrated and holistic views and approaches to deal with the challenges successfully. Innovation systems approaches are promising, but in practice they require new mindsets and competences for systemic thinking, institutional interfaces

Jürgen Hagmann; Paul Kibwika; Adipala Ekwamu

465

Developing Cultural Competence as a Framework for Anti-heterosexist Social Work Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: This article examines the continuing marginalization of sexual orientation in social work practice. Taking the findings and recommendations of a small scale exploratory study as our starting point, we review United Kingdom (UK) research on social work and sexual orientation and illustrate the contradictions and constraints in implementing effective strategies for change. We explore the potential of cultural competence

HELEN M. CHARNLEY; JACKIE LANGLEY

466

The development of entrepreneurial competences: entrepreneurship education in Italian universities and firms' organizational models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The aim of the paper is to provide a preliminary analysis of entrepreneurship courses and curricula in Italian universities and to compare them with the demand for entrepreneurial and managerial competences in Italian firms. The analysis is based on a census of entrepreneurship courses and curricula presently run by Italian universities. Entrepreneurship education in Italian universities is in its

Sabrina Dubbinia; Donato Iacobucci

467

A Model for Developing and Assessing Tactical Decision-Making Competency in Game Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|All teachers want their students to become better game players who are motivated to participate in and outside of class. Students need to learn how to make good tactical decisions, in addition to being skilled movers, in order to become competent game players. When students make better tactical decisions, they experience more success and…

Pagnano-Richardson, Karen; Henninger, Mary L.

2008-01-01

468

An Educator's Guide to the Development of Advanced Practice Competencies in Clinical Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2008 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards identified 10 core competencies that all social work graduates should master. MSW programs found themselves with a need to identify knowledge, values, and skill statements that reflected what concentration-year students were expected to know and be able to do. In 2009 a group of educators…

Singer, Jonathan B.; Gray, Susan W.; Miehls, Dennis

2012-01-01

469

Affective Competencies of Teachers of Visually Handicapped Students: Identification and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four papers address issues related to affective competencies needed by teachers of visually handicapped students. In "Role of the Home and Parent in Enhancing Self-Concept," T. Galloway, a parent, describes her experiences in coping with her multiply handicapped child's disabilities and in helping him to feel good about himself. C. Leonard…

Scholl, Geraldine T.

470

Implementing Key Competences in Basic Education: Reflections on Curriculum Design and Development in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of competence is a recent introduction into the curricula of the Spanish education system, and applies to vocational training and university, but also to basic education. In both cases, the meaning and use of the term have differed, sometimes giving rise to confusion. There can be no doubt, however, that this incorporation has been of…

Tiana, Alejandro; Moya, Jose; Luengo, Florencio

2011-01-01

471

Mirroring, Gestaltswitching and Transformative Social Learning: Stepping Stones for Developing Sustainability Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify components and educational design principles for strengthening sustainability competence in and through higher education. Design/methodology/approach: This is a conceptual paper that uses an exemplary autobiographical empirical case study in order to illustrate and support a line of reasoning.…

Wals, Arjen E. J.

2010-01-01

472

Development of the Multicultural Counseling Inventory: A Self-Report Measure of Multicultural Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the Multicultural Counseling Inventory (MCI), a self-report instrument that measures multicultural counseling competencies. Study 1 comprised 604 psychology students, psychologists, and counselors in a midwestern state. In Study 2, respondents were a national random sample of 320 university counselors. Instrument analysis included exploratory principal-axis factor analysis with oblique rotation, assessment of factor congruence between the factor structures

Gargi Roysircar Sodowsky; Richard C. Taffe; Terry B. Gutkin; Steven L. Wise

1994-01-01

473

A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were…

Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

2013-01-01

474

Developing Social and Personal Competence in the First Year of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The available research on first-year college outcomes remains highly segmented (Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005) and surprisingly incomplete (Upcraft et al., 2005), particularly as it relates to psychosocial outcomes like social and personal competence. This study, based on data from nearly 6,700 students and 5,000 faculty members on 30 campuses…

Reason, Robert Dean; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Domingo, Robert J.

2007-01-01

475

A Diagnostic Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Competency in Multiple-Choice Item Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large class size is an issue in testing at all levels of Education. As a panacea to this, multiple choice test formats has become very popular. This case study was designed to diagnose pre-service teachers' competency in constructing questions (IQT); direct questions (DQT); and best answer (BAT) varieties of multiple choice items. Subjects were 88…

Asim, Alice E.; Ekuri, Emmanuel E.; Eni, Eni I.

2013-01-01

476

Advancing Development of Intercultural Competence through Supporting Predictions in Narrative Video  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most successes in intelligent tutoring systems have come in well-defined domains like algebra or physics. We investigate how to support students in acquiring ill-defined skills of intercultural competence using an online environment that employs clips of feature films from a target culture. To test the effectiveness of a set of attention-focusing…

Ogan, Amy; Aleven, Vincent; Jones, Christopher

2009-01-01

477

An Educator's Guide to the Development of Advanced Practice Competencies in Clinical Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 2008 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards identified 10 core competencies that all social work graduates should master. MSW programs found themselves with a need to identify knowledge, values, and skill statements that reflected what concentration-year students were expected to know and be able to do. In 2009 a group of educators…

Singer, Jonathan B.; Gray, Susan W.; Miehls, Dennis

2012-01-01

478

Developing Pedagogical Practices to Enhance Confidence and Competence in Science Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this self-study research was to deepen my understanding of pedagogy for teacher education and the factors that enhanced and hindered my confidence and competence as a teacher educator. I recorded my impressions and descriptions of events, discussions, and interpretations as a result of studying my practice in an electronic journal.…

Garbett, Dawn

2011-01-01

479

The Impact of Student Beliefs on the Effectiveness of Video in Developing Cross-Cultural Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This action-research project was designed to assess how the use of video as a central instructional component impacts features of cross-cultural competence among adult ESL students. The study was conducted in a college-level intensive English language program in North America. Findings suggest that students' deeply embedded beliefs and values…

Wilcox, Kristen Campbell

2009-01-01

480

Computer Applications in Counselor Education: Developing Cultural Competencies through Online Collaboration of Future School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the applications of computer-mediated student collaboration in a graduate multicultural counseling course. The course work included a reflective cultural competency building assignment that utilized online communication and collaboration using a wiki to extend and improve students' multicultural counseling and social justice…

Ilieva, Vessela; Erguner-Tekinalp, Bengu

2012-01-01

481

Developing Model Student Information Systems: Promising Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes promising practices in developing model student information systems, with a focus on information management and administrative record keeping. Three school districts with exemplary information systems are profiled, using data derived from document analysis, on-site observation, and interviews with district and site-level…

Hafner, Anne L.

482

The Development of Information Manpower Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the training and education of information manpower in the formal educational institutions of Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East. The nature of the information, social, and economic infrastructures in developing countries is also examined. It is suggested that promotion of the supply side of the information

Farid, Mona

483

Social justice: a framework for culturally competent care.  

PubMed

Nurse scholars with expertise in global health and culturally competent care recently proposed standards of practice for culturally competent nursing care that are founded on social justice as a broad framework. The purpose of this article is to respond to invited dialogue about the standards and to offer commentary on social justice and its relationship with context, advocacy, leadership, and culturally competent care. A model of culturally competent care for vulnerable groups informs this discussion. The context and culture that surround migrant and seasonal farmworkers illustrate how social justice illuminates their health inequities and necessitates their need for culturally competent care. The article concludes with recommendations for culturally competent education, practice, and research and offers suggestions for developing culturally competent interventions for migrant and seasonal farmworkers. PMID:21844247

Clingerman, Evelyn

2011-08-15

484

The Need for Competencies Due to the Increasing Use of Information and Communication Technologies. CEDEFOP Panorama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widespread introduction of information and communication technologies (ICT) is affecting the skills needed in employment. Programs of vocational education and training (VET) should ensure people have the wide range of skills needed to be employable in these environments. ICT is spreading into more workplaces as a tool for reorganizing…

Boreham, N. C.; Lammont, Norma

485

Cultural Competence: A Conceptual Framework for Library and Information Science Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's twenty-first-century library and information science (LIS) professionals are faced with the challenge of a growing population of individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds, many of whom are from minority and underserved populations representing the poorest segments of society with little or no experience with libraries. This article…

Overall, Patricia Montiel

2009-01-01

486

Client-Based Projects and the ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The library literature contains many discussions on problem-based learning as a means of engaging students in instruction and promoting information literacy. A related but relatively unexplored opportunity is available through client-based projects. Using examples from the business education literature, library literature, and the author's…

Holler, Carissa M.

2009-01-01

487

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Health Agency Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This assessment instrument is intended to provide health occupations teachers and state departments of education with information needed to revise and improve the curriculum used in training prospective health occupations teachers and in updating certification requirements for practicing health care professionals. The profile lists the…

Walters, Norma J.

488

Preemptive Learning, Competency Traps, and Information Technology Adoption: A Real Options Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many previous real options studies suggest that increase in investment uncertainties makes deferral options more valuable. We propose a new real options model where both organizational capabilities and technological learning are emphasized. Our model demonstrates that when a company is capable of reaping sufficient benefits from preemptive learning of a new information technology, it will expedite its adoption of the

Xiaotong Li

2009-01-01

489

The Contribution towards Student Competencies: An Analysis of an Information Systems Business Process and ERP Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volatility and change has been the hallmark of technology, and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is not immune to such challenges. Despite these factors, ERP has certain features that make it an excellent vehicle for the pedagogical process. This research investigates the skills imparted by using ERP systems in teaching and compares these against the Information Systems (IS) curriculum and industry

Lisa Seymour; Muneeb Dawood

490

How To Compete: The Impact Of Workplace Practices And Information Technology On Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a unique nationally representative sample of businesses, we examine the impact of workplace practices, information technology, and human capital investments on productivity. We estimate an augmented Cobb-Douglas production function with both cross section and panel data covering the period of 1987-1993, using both within and GMM estimators. We find that it is not whether an employer adopts

Sandra E. Black; Lisa M. Lynch

2001-01-01

491

Development of a Moodle Course for Schoolchildren's Table Tennis Learning Based on Competence Motivation Theory: Its Effectiveness in Comparison to Traditional Training Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on Competence Motivation Theory (CMT), a Moodle course for schoolchildren's table tennis learning was developed (The URL is http://www.bssepp.com, and this course allows guest access). The effects of the course on students' knowledge, perceived competence and interest were evaluated through quantitative methods. The sample of the study…

Zou, Junhua; Liu, Qingtang; Yang, Zongkai

2012-01-01

492

Performance Measures of Cultural Competency in Mental Health Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors utilized numerous documents created by advisory groups, expert panels and multicultural focus groups to develop performance measures for assessing the cultural competency of mental health systems. Competency was measured within three levels of organizational structure: administrative, provider network, and individual care-giver. Indicators, measures and data sources for needs assessment, information exchange, services, human resources, plans and policies, and

Carole Siegel; Ethel Davis-Chambers; Gary Haugland; Rheta Bank; Carmen Aponte; Harriet McCombs

2000-01-01

493

Cultural Competence for Libraries and Librarians in Health Care Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Libraries in health care institutions play a leading role in knowledge-based information management. In response to the multicultural trends in society and to the challenge presented to libraries in the changing health care environment, librarians need to develop cultural competent skills to work in a multicultural environment. This article explores the concept and importance of cultural competence in libraries and

Misa Mi

2005-01-01

494

Implementing Information Technology Projects in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews the problems of implementing information technology projects in developing countries, with examples from Ethiopia, the Sudan and Tanzania. Considers the advantages and disadvantages of CD-ROM as a means of solving some of the problems of access to information experienced by developing countries, and describes the experience of the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Saudi Arabia in

Athanase B. Kanamugire

1993-01-01

495

Collection Development Policy: Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended as a general guideline for selecting government documents at the University of Miami (Florida) Otto G. Richter Library, this collection development policy includes the following sections: (1) Introduction; (2) Mission Statement; (3) Selection Responsibility; (4) Subject Areas, Collection Intensity Levels and Collection Arrangement,…

Blazek, Dan

496

Adenosine Monophosphate Affects Competence Development and Plasmid DNA Transformation in Escherichia coli.  

PubMed

Artificial plasmid DNA transformation of Escherichia coli induced by calcium chloride is a routine technique in molecular biology and genetic engineering processes, but its mechanism has remained elusive. Because adenosine monophosphate (AMP) has been found to regulate natural transformation in Haemophilus influenza, we aimed to investigate the effects of AMP and its derivatives on E. coli transformation by treating competence with different concentrations of them. Analysis of the transformation efficiencies revealed that AMP inhibited the artificial plasmid DNA transformation of E. coli in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, we found that AMP had no effect on the expression of the transformed gene but that the intracellular AMP level of the competent cells rose after a 6 h treatment. These results suggested that the intracellular AMP level had an important role in E. coli transformation. And these have useful implications for the further investigation of the mechanism of E. coli transformation. PMID:23743599

Zhang, Yan; Li, Wenhua; Wang, Liming; Shen, Ping; Xie, Zhixiong

2013-06-07

497

Competency Process Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography consists of resource material used in the formulation and development of "competency process," a collaborative approach to designing and implementing competency based teacher education by energizing creative abilities, developing staff commitment, and utilizing group process and problem solving methodology. The bibliography…

Woodward, Lois K.; And Others

498

Defining Competencies for Associate Degree Nursing Education and Practice. Proceedings of the Midwest Regional Conference on "The Associate Degree Nursing--Facilitating Competency Development" Project (Chicago, Illinois, March 10-11, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focusing on "Associate Degree Nursing--Facilitating Competency Development," a 3-year project sponsored by the Midwest Alliance in Nursing (MAIN) to explore and recommend ways of strengthening Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) education and service, these proceedings contain papers by individuals involved with the development of the project and…

Minckley, Barbara B., Ed.; Walters, Mary Dale, Ed.

499

Learning failure in information systems development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information systems development is a high-risk undertaking, and fail- ures remain common despite advances in development tools and technologies. In this paper, we argue that one reason for this is the collapse of organizational intelligence required to deal with the complexities of systems development. Orga- nizations fail to learn from their experience in systems development because of limits of organizational

Kalle Lyytinen; Daniel Robey

1999-01-01

500

Rethinking competence systems for innovative organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) support for managing competence is based on a rationalistic view of competence. While these competence systems might work in rationalistic organizations, we argue that in more dynamic settings, such as in innovative organizations, the interest-informed actions that capture the emergent competencies of tomorrow require different types of IT support. We theorize about these two separate forms of

Rikard Lindgren; Dick Stenmark; Magnus Bergquist; Jan Ljungberg

2001-01-01